Mitsubishi Electric VS-45605 Service manual

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC
MITSUBISHI DIGITAL ELECTRONICS AMERICA, INC.
Projection Television
Technical Training
T
2000
VZ7
Chassis
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
Features
Alignment Procedures
Circuit Descriptions
Block Diagrams
Troubleshooting Techniques
Models:
VS-45605 • VS-50605 • VS-50705
VS-55705 • VS-60705 • VS-70705
www.mitsubishi-tv.com
ECHNICAL
RAINING
VZ7 Chassis Technical Training
Table of Contents
Section 1 -- Introduction ....................................................................................................................... 1-1
Latest Technologies .......................................................................................................................... 1-1
User Menus ....................................................................................................................................... 1-2
User Adjustments .............................................................................................................................. 1-3
Remote Control ................................................................................................................................ 1-4
Front Panel Buttons .......................................................................................................................... 1-5
Diagnostic Mode ............................................................................................................................... 1-5
Main Chassis PCB Location ............................................................................................................. 1-6
CR Block Connectors ....................................................................................................................... 1-7
Section 2 -- Option Menu and Service Adjustment Mode ................................................................. 2-1
Option Menu ..................................................................................................................................... 2-1
Service Adjustment Mode ................................................................................................................. 2-2
Section 3 -- Convergence Adjustments ................................................................................................ 3-1
Static Convergence ........................................................................................................................... 3-1
Convergence Mode Description ....................................................................................................... 3-1
CONV-MISC Function ..................................................................................................................... 3-1
Coarse Adjustment Mode ................................................................................................................. 3-2
Fine Adjustment Mode ...................................................................................................................... 3-3
Fine Convergence Adjustment Description ....................................................................................... 3-4
General Adjustment Procedure ......................................................................................................... 3-8
Section 4 -- Convergence Circuitry ...................................................................................................... 4-1
Overall Convergence Circuit ............................................................................................................. 4-1
DAC & LPF Circuitry ....................................................................................................................... 4-3
Amplifier/Summing Circuitry ............................................................................................................ 4-4
Convergence Output Amplifiers ....................................................................................................... 4-4
Convergence Control Circuitry ......................................................................................................... 4-7
Section 5 -- Power Supply ..................................................................................................................... 5-1
Standby Supplies ............................................................................................................................... 5-1
Switch Mode Regulator .................................................................................................................... 5-2
ON/OFF Circuitry ............................................................................................................................. 5-3
Deflection/HV Generated Supplies ................................................................................................... 5-4
Switched Supplies Power Distribution .............................................................................................. 5-5
Troubleshooting ................................................................................................................................ 5-6
Section 6 -- Control Circuitry ............................................................................................................... 6-1
Basic Microprocessor Requirements ................................................................................................ 6-2
Input Commands ............................................................................................................................... 6-2
Overall Control Circuitry .................................................................................................................. 6-3
Copyright © 1999 Mitsubishi Digital Electronics America, Inc.
All Rights Reserved
V-Chip Circuitry ............................................................................................................................... 6-4
AC OFF............................................................................................................................................. 6-5
SHORT Circuit ................................................................................................................................. 6-6
X-RAY Protect ................................................................................................................................. 6-6
Single Function Inputs/Outputs ........................................................................................................ 6-8
Section 7 -- Video/Color Circuitry ....................................................................................................... 7-1
PIP/POP Feature ............................................................................................................................... 7-1
Overall Signal Path............................................................................................................................ 7-2
Main/Sub NTSC Decoders ............................................................................................................... 7-4
PIP/POP Circuitry ............................................................................................................................. 7-4
VCJ Video/Color Internal Path ......................................................................................................... 7-6
Gamma Circuitry ............................................................................................................................... 7-8
Blanking Insertion & CRT Protect .................................................................................................... 7-9
RGB Output Amplifiers & AKB ..................................................................................................... 7-10
On-Screen-Display Signal Path ....................................................................................................... 7-12
Section 8 -- Deflection Circuitry ........................................................................................................... 8-1
Deflection Drive Generator ............................................................................................................... 8-2
Horizontal & HV Output Circuitry ................................................................................................... 8-3
HV Regulation .................................................................................................................................. 8-4
Scan Velocity Modulation ................................................................................................................. 8-5
Dynamic Beam Formation ................................................................................................................ 8-6
Vertical Output Circuitry................................................................................................................... 8-7
Section 9 -- Audio Circuitry .................................................................................................................. 8-1
Audio Signal Path ............................................................................................................................. 8-1
Section 1
Introduction
VZ7 Chassis Model/Features
FEATURES
VS-45605
VS-50605
VS-50705
VS-55705
VS-60705
VS-70705
Chassis
Screen Size
TM
DiamondShield
Advanced PIP/POP
Digital Convergence
Digital Comb Filter
INPUTS
Rear A/V & S-Video
Front A/V & S-Video
Component Inputs (Y,CR&CB)
OUTPUTS
Video Monitor
Fixed/Variable Audio R/L
VZ7
45"
Optional
PIP
X
3DYC
VZ7
50"
Optional
PIP
X
3DYC
VZ7+
50"
Included
PIP/POP
X
3DYC
VZ7+
55"
Included
PIP/POP
X
3DYC
VZ7+
60"
Included
PIP/POP
X
3DYC
VZ7+
70"
Included
PIP/POP
X
3DYC
2
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
Table 1-1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
A total of six Projection TV Models use one of two
versions of the VZ7 Chassis. Two models use the
VZ7 Chassis and four models use the VZ7+ Chassis.
Table 1-1 lists the models and some of the main features.
The VZ7 Chassis uses some of the latest technologies available, including those listed in Figure 1-1.
Convergence & Raster Correction
• Digital Circuitry
Luminance/Chrominance Separation
• 3-D Y/C
PIP
• Picture out of Picture (Vz7+)
Component Inputs
• DVD Component Input Circuitry
Figure 1-1: VZ7 Chassis Circuitry
The VZ7 chassis has Digital Convergence and
Raster Correction circuitry. This not only affects
the circuitry, but also the Convergence and Raster
Correction Adjustments. Adjustments are covered
in Section 3, and the convergence circuitry is described in Section 4.
Luminance/Chrominance separation is acheived
through the 3D-Y/C process, a method that digitally
processes an entire video frame. This method produces results far superior than those that only process two or three lines at a time such as Digital Dynamic or 2D-Y/C processing.
The PIP circuitry features the Picture out of Picture feature in VZ7+ Models. The PIP circuitry description is in Section 7.
Component Video Inputs are featured in all VZ7
models. They are labeled DVD Inputs, and consist
of three video Input jacks, plus Right and Left Audio Jacks. The video jacks are denoted as Y, Cr and
Cb. This method allows the baseband Luminance
and Color Difference Signals to be coupled directly
from a DVD player, avoiding any signal degredation
that can be caused by chroma modulation and demodulation.
Basically the signals are Y (Luminance), R-Y, and
B-Y. In the NTSC format the three signals have the
following amplitude relationship:
• Y = 0.7 Vp-p (plus sync)
• R-Y = 1.0 Vp-p
• B-Y = 1.3 Vp-p
Page 1-1
The designations Cr and Cb denote that the R-Y
and B-Y are reduced in amplitude, R-Y by a factor
of 0.71, and B-Y by 0.56. This results in the following signal amplitudes:
• Y = 0.7 Vp-p (plus sync = 1.0 Vp-p)
• Cr = 0.7 Vp-p
• Cb = 0.7 Vp-p
User Menus
Figure 1-2 shows the Main Menu, listing four Sub
Menu Categories. Most of the Menu Items are clear.
Others warrant further explanation.
The V-Chip Parental Lock enables the user to lock
out specific types of TV programming. Program
rating information is transmitted on the 21st horizontal line during the vertical blanking interval.
The V-Chip lock out can be active at all times, set
for a specific time period every day, or turned off
completely. If the program on a selected channel is
locked, the screen goes blue and an on-screen display indicates that the program is locked. If the PIP
source program is locked, a black insert picture appears when PIP is activated.
One sub-menu item under Advanced Features is
the user's Advanced Convergence Feature. It displays complete Crosshatch pattern allowing the user
to adjust 64 intersections in the pattern. If the convergence gets too far off, the user still has the option of selecting Reset to Factory Settings, in the
initial Convergence menu.
MAIN MENU
• V-Chip Parental Lock
• Channel Edit
• Advanced Features
• Audio Video Settings
The AV Memory, under Audio Video Settings has
five AV Memory selections:
• Standard -- for typical viewing
• Daylight -- for daylight viewing
• Evening -- for evening viewing
• Home Theater
• DVD -- for DVD viewing
In each category, the video and audio controls are
set for optimum picture. The default control settings for each of the AV Memory categories are
shown in Table 1-3.
User Adjustments
Most user adjustments will be made using the
VIDEO and AUDIO buttons on the remote control. Pressing the AUDIO button cycles through
six audio adjustments, or options:
1) Bass
2) Treble
3) Balance
4) Surround
5) Listen To
6) Level Sound
Pressing the VIDEO button sequences through eight
video adjustments/options.
1) IRIS (On or Off)
2) Contrast
3) Brightness
4) Auto Picture (On or Off)
5) Sharpness
6) Tint
7) Color
8) Color Temperature (High, Medium or Low)
The Auto Picture feature, when activated, detects
the strength of the RF signal. Sharpness and Color
are automatically set to produce the optimum picture for that signal level. This option is only effective when using the TV's tuner.
Figure 1-2: Main Menu
Page 1-2
The AGC voltage is used to determine signal strength.
One of three signal levels can be detected:
• Weak signal -- less than 65 db
• Medium signal -- between 65 and 70 db
• Strong signal -- more than 70 db
On a strong signal, Sharpness and Color settings remain at their reset values. As signal strength de-
creases, both Sharpness and Color adjustments are
reduced.
When Auto Picture is ON, the normal adjustment
slide is not displayed for Sharpness and Color adjustments. It is replaced by the text "AUTO PICTURE". During this display, pressing the right or
left Adjust button will cancel the Auto Picture mode,
and the adjustment slide will be displayed.
AV MEMORY
ADJUSTMENT
Tint
Color
Contrast
Brightness
Sharpness
Color Temp.
Bass
Treble
Balance
Surround
Level Sound
CATEGORY
Standard Daylight Evening Home Theater
31
31
31
31
31
31
31
27
63
63
63
45
31
40
25
31
31
31
31
35
HIGH
HIGH
HIGH
LOW
31
35
35
31
31
35
35
31
31
31
31
31
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
Table 1-3
Page 1-3
DVD
31
31
63
31
35
LOW
31
31
31
OFF
OFF
Remote Control
The Remote Control for VZ7 models is illustrated
in Figure 1-3. Its functions are straightforward.
The numerical buttons 0 through 9, are used to
enter numerical values for Time Setting, Alarm setting, V-Chip Lock Code, etc. The buttons are also
used to directly access a channel.
The numerical buttons channel change is a three digit
system. Channels with less than three digits may be
accessed in one of three ways.
1) Add zeros prior to entering the channel
number, making it a three digit entry. Press
002 for channel 2.
2) Enter the channel number then press ENTER.
3) Enter just the channel number. There will
be a four second delay before the channel
change occurs.
PIP/POP PIP INPUT PIP CH
PIP SIZE
EXCH
When the QV (Quick View) button is pressed, the
TV changes to the previous channel selection. If
pressed again it returns to the original channel. Repeated pressing will toggle the TV back and forth
between the two channels.
Figure 1-3: Remote Control
When viewing a normal TV picture with no Menu
displayed, pressing Info activates the Detail Status
Display. This display includes:
• Channel Number
• Channel Name (if any)
• SAP, STEREO, CC, and SQV
• V-Chip rating (if any)
• Time display
1) Side by Side …the main and sub pictures
are displayed side by side. Both pictures are
compressed horizontally to fit on the 4:3
aspect screen.
2) Three Picture Channel Scan … the set
scans through channels, displaying the
content of three channels at a time in small
insert pictures. The insert for the current
channel in the scanning process is live, the
other two inserts are still pictures.
3) Single Insert Picture … ¼ normal size
insert picture in the lower right corner.
Pressing Info in the user's Advanced Convergence
Mode, displays the functions of the buttons required
to set convergence.
Repeatedly pressing the "PIP/POP" button selects
the desired PIP mode. The following describes each
PIP feature and their sequence of activation.
The single PIP can be moved with the Up/Down
and Right/Left buttons on the Remote. When selecting a specific PIP feature, the "PIP/POP" button
must be pressed within 10 seconds to select the next
Page 1-4
Figure 1-4: Front Panel Buttons
feature. If the duration exceeds 10 seconds, pressing
"PIP/POP" terminates the PIP mode.
In the Single PIP Insert mode, the "Size" button allows the user to select the size of the insert picture.
Five size selections are available, with the largest insert equal to ¼ of the normal picture size.
In the PIP mode, the EXCH button swaps the main
and sub pictures. However this button has no effect
when Antenna B is the main picture source, and
Antenna A the sub picture source. Due to hardware
limitions:
• The Sub Tuner (Antenna A) is dedicated as
the PIP source.
• The Main Tuner (Antenna B) cannot be
selected as the PIP source.
Front Panel Buttons
Figure 1-4 shows the Front Panel buttons. Due to
dual functions of five of the buttons, 14 functions
can be performed. The primary function of the buttons is shown above each button. The secondary
functions are indicated below the buttons. The secondary functions are activated when in a menu mode.
• Volume Up and Down becomes Adjust Up
and Down
• Channel Up and Down becomes Adjust
Right and Left.
• AV Reset becomes Cancel
Diagnostic Mode
The Diagnostic Mode assists the servicer in isolating
the source of a problem, particularly those problems
causing the set to switch OFF (shutdown) during normal operation. When the Diagnostic Mode is activated, the front panel On/Off LED flashes a digital
code indicating the source of the problem.
The Diagnostic Mode can be automatic or servicer
activated.
Automatic Diagnostics
This occurs automatically when the TV is first connected to an AC power source. Immediately after
power is applied:
• The LED flashes three times... indicating the
µPC has been initialized and is functioning.
• The LED does not flash... indicating the µPC
is not functioning.
Servicer Activated Diagnostics
Pressing the front panel "Input" and "Menu" buttons at the same time, and holding them for 5 seconds, activates the Diagnostic Mode. The front panel
buttons must be used, not those on the Remote Control.
CODE
12
21
22
23
24
INDICATES
No error has occured
X-Ray Protect Shutdown
Short Protect Shutdown
Horizontal Deflection failure
Vertical Deflection failure
Table 1-4: Error Codes
Page 1-5
When the mode is activated, the front panel LED
starts flashing a two digit code:
1) The initial number of flashes denotes the
value of the tens digit (MSD) of the code.
2) Flashing pauses for ½ second.
3) The LED flashes the value of the ones digit
(LSD) of the code.
4) The code is repeated 5 times, then normal
operation resumes.
The two digit codes indicate what malfunction has
occurred, or that no malfunction has occurred. Table
1-4 lists the two digit codes and their meanings.
Main Chassis PCB Location
Figure 1-5 shows the location of the PCBs, and major components on the main chassis assembly. Two
major PCBs comprise the main chassis:
• PCB-MAIN
• PCB-SIGNAL
Circuitry on the PCB-MAIN includes:
1) Power Supply
2) Horizontal and Vertical Deflection
3) HV circuitry
4) X-Ray Protect
Figure 1-5: PCB Locations
Page 1-6
Signal processing circuits are located on the PCBSIGNAL. These include:
• Both Tuners
• Video Processing
• Color Processing
• Convergence Circuitry
• Audio Circuitry
The Control Microprocessor is also located on the
PCB-SIGNAL. To minimize component clutter, this
PCB is double sided.
PCB-APERTURE plugs into the PCB-SIGNAL.
PCB-SVM, Scan Velocity Modulation and PCBDBF, Dynamic Beam Formation (or Focus), plug into
the PCB-MAIN.
Note the Flyback Transformer and the HV Capacitance/Resistance Divider are separate components.
The Flyback is mounted on the PCB-MAIN, and CR
Block is mounted on the Main Chassis Frame.
CR Block Connectors
Care must be taken when connecting the HV leads
to the CR Block. Figure 1-6 illustrates the type of
connector used on the CR Block. To disconnect a
lead:
1) Rotate the connector cap approximately 90o
counter clockwise.
2) The cap and the lead can then be pulled from
the CR Block.
To connect a HV lead, reverse the procedure. When
inserting the lead in the CR Block, insure that the
lead wire is not bent over. If the lead is bent internal arcing occurs and the CR Block can be damaged.
If any audible noise is heard from the CR Block, arcing, sizzling, buzz, etc., check all HV Lead connections. This type of arcing can also be seen in the
picture in the form of dotted interference.
Page 1-7
Page 1-8
Section 2
Option Menu
and
Service Adjustment Mode
Option Menu and Service Adjustment items must be set to either a specific setting, data value or set according to a prescribed adjustment procedure. For specific adjustment instructions, refer to the Service Manual.
For training purposes, the Option Menu setup and Service Adjustment procedures are reprinted from the
Service Manual.
1. Option Menu
Option Menu items should be set as shown in the figure below. The Initial function is also accessed from the
Option Menu. Performing an Initial setup will set all customer controls to the factory default condition. This
can be useful in determining if a symptom is caused by an improperly set customer control.
Follow the steps below for the Initial set-up:
1. Select the "MENU" display by pressing the "MENU" button once.
2. Press the number buttons "1", "2", "7", "0" in sequence to select the "OPTION MENU" display.
3. Press the "ADJUST" button to select "INITIAL."
4. Press "ENTER."
NOTE:
At this time channel 3 is automatically selected.
CAUTION: On these models E2 RESET activation has been changed. To activate,
the "QV" button must be pressed while "E2 RESET" is selected on the menu
screen. The “QV” button may be denoted as “RCL” on some models.
This feature is for factory use only. DO NOT ACTIVATE E2 RESET AS
THIS WILL RESET ALL ALIGNMENT DATA. Doing so will require a full item by item
alignment of all data values listed in the "adjustment items" section
of this manual.
OPTION MENU
INITIAL
E2 RESET
POWER RESTORE:
WHEN MUTE:
DIRECT KEY MODE
VS-70705
V-CHIP
OFF
ON
OFF
*NO
ON
SERIES SETTING:
XXXXXXXX
SERIES SETTING:
XXXXXXXX
*This option should be "YES" for model VS-70705
Page 2-1
After Initalization, customer controls are set according to the following tables.
INITIAL SETTINGS
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Description
Input
Receiving Channel
TV/CATV
RCL
Channel Memory
V-CHIP LOCK
Lock by Time
Lock Time
UnlocK Time
Lock Channels
LOCK CODE
VOLUME
AUDIO FUNCTIONS
TV Listen to
TV Bass
TV Treble
TV Balance
TV Surround
TV Level sound
VIDEO FUNCTIONS
TV Tint
TV Color temp
Initial Setting
TV
003 CH
CATV
Recalls previous ch.
All CH (0,0)
OFF
12:00 AM
12:00 AM
OFF
---30%
STEREO
50%
50%
50%
OFF
OFF
50%
High
Item
Description
11 TV IRIS
TV Contrast
TV Brightness
TV Sharpness
TV Color
12 Speaker
13 Background
14 Closed Caption
15 PIP SOURCE
16 PIP POSITION
17 VIDEO MUTE
18 INPUT, NAME
19 TIMER
20 SQV
21 A/V NETWORK
22 LANGUAGE
23 NAME THE CHANNELS
24 Locked to Input
25 External Audio System
26 Vol. change by AV Rec.
27 Clock Time
28 Set Day
Initial Setting
OFF
100%
50%
50%
50%
ON
Gray
On if Mute
TV
Lower Right
OFF
OFF All input name OFF
OFF
All CH CLEAR (deleted)
OFF
English
ALL LABELS CLEARED
No
No
N/A
- -:- Sunday
AV MEMORY
AV MEMORY
TINT
COLOR
CONTRAST
BRIGHTNESS
SHARPNESS
COLOR TEMP
BASS
TREBLE
BALANCE
SURRONG
LEVEL SOUND
Standard
31
31
63
31
31
HIGH
31
31
31
OFF
OFF
Daylight
31
31
63
40
31
HIGH
35
35
31
OFF
OFF
Evening
31
31
63
25
31
HIGH
35
35
31
OFF
OFF
Page 2-2
Home Theater Component
31
31
27
31
45
63
31
31
35
35
LOW
LOW
31
31
31
31
31
31
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
2. Circuit Adjustment Mode
Except for the following, all adjustment items must be performed
using the remote hand unit.
• Lens Focus
• Electrostatic Focus
A. Activating the Circuit Adjustment Mode
1. Press the "MENU" button on a remote hand unit.
2. Press the number buttons "1", "2", "5", "7" in sequence.
The screen will change to the Adjustment Mode.
Note: Repeat steps 1 and 2 if the circuit
adjustment mode does not appear
on screen
B. Selection of adjustment Functions and
Adjustment Items
To select an adjustment item in the circuit adjustment mode,
first select the adjustment function that includes the specific
adjustment item to be selected. Then, select the adjustment
item.
CABLE/DBS
Refer to the following pages for the listing of adjustment
functions and adjustment items.
VCR
DVD
AUDIO
TV
1. Press the "AUDIO" button on a remote hand unit to
select an adjustment function. Each time the button
is pressed, the Function changes in the following
sequence:
1
2
3
6
4
5
7
8
9
SQV
0
QV
POWER
SLEEP
VIDEO
INPUT
CHANNEL VOLUME
AUDIO
VIDEO
AUDIO
MUTE
ENTER
ENTER
GUIDE
CANCEL
MENU
HOME
PIP/POP
PIP SIZE
2. Press the “VIDEO” button to select a specific
Adjustment Item. The Item number increases each
time the “VIDEO” button is pressed.
REC
REW/REV
C. Changing Data
After selecting an adjustment Item, use the “ADJUST
UP/DOWN” button to change data.
•
Press “ADJUST DOWN” to decrease the data value.
•
Press “ADJUST UP” to increase the data value.
Page 2-3
PIP INPUT PIP CH
EXCH
STOP
PLAY
INFO
PAUSE
FF/FWD
ADJUST
UP/DN
MENU
D. Saving Adjustment Data
Press “ENTER” to save adjustment data in memory. The character display turns red for
approximately one second in this step.
Note: If the circuit adjustment mode is terminated without pressing “ENTER”, changes
in adjustment data are not saved.
E. Terminating the Circuit Adjustment Mode
Press the “MENU” button on the remote hand unit twice to terminate the adjustment mode.
Note: The circuit adjustment mode can also be terminated by turning power OFF.
F. Direct Key Mode
This feature is for Factory Use Only. It enables access to the Service Adjustment Modes by using the
VCR buttons on the remote control.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Activate the Factory Option Menu (MENU-1-2-7-0)
Change the option for “DIRECT KEY MODE” from OFF to ON.
Exit the Option Menu (Press “MENU” twice).
Service Adjustment Modes can now be activated using the following VCR buttons on the remote:
• “REWIND”... activates the Circuit Adjustment Mode
• “PLAY”........ activates the Coarse Convergence Mode
• “STOP”....... activates the Fine Convergence Mode
• “PAUSE”..... activates the Factory Option Menu
5. After performing adjustments, set the “DIRECT KEY MODE” option back to OFF.
IMPORTANT
If the “DIRECT KEY MODE” is not turned OFF:
• The VCR buttons will not control a VCR
• The user has access to the Adjustment Modes
Page 2-4
Section 3
Convergence Adjustments
Convergence Adjustments in the VZ7 chassis are
divided into two major categories, Static and Dynamic. The Static Convergence Adjustment has not
changed. However, the Dynamic Convergence Adjustment has changed, due to using Advanced Digital Convergence circuitry.
Dynamic Convergence is performed in the Convergence Adjustment Mode. Coarse Dynamic Adjustments are performed first, followed by Fine Adjustments. The digital circuitry, and Adjustment Procedure provides a higher degree of raster geometry and
convergence correction over the entire picture, than
was possible in the past.
In addition to Dynamic Convergence, the Convergence Mode is used to adjust HV Regulation and:
1) Set Initial Data Values for the:
• Convergence Waveform Generator
• Green Raster Coarse Geometry Adjustments
• Red Dynamic Coarse Convergence Adjustments
• Blue Dynamic Coarse Convergence
Adjustments
• Dynamic Focus Settings
2) Perform most Raster Geometry Adjustments
• Width and Horizontal Linearity
• Pincushion Correction
• Skew (X axis tilt), and Tilt (Y axis tilt)
• Vertical Keystone
Note that Data Values and Adjustments for Raster
Geometry in the Circuit adjustment mode must be
set prior to performing Raster Geometry adjustments
in the Convergence adjustment mode. These procedures are described in the Service Manual.
Convergence Mode Description
To activate the Convergence Mode, press MENU1-2-5-9, in sequence. The screen changes to an internally generated Cross Hatch pattern. The Cross
Hatch is super imposed on the current selected signal source. To display the Cross Hatch with a black
background, prior to entering the Convergence
Mode, select an External Input with no signal applied as the source.
Once in the Convergence Mode, several Functions,
Modes or displays can be selected:
1) Pressing (1) (2) or (3) respectively activates a Red Green or Blue display
2) Pressing (6) activates the CONV-MISC
function
3) Pressing (5) activates the Coarse Adjustment Mode
4) Pressing (4) activates the Fine Adjustment
Mode
The CONV-MISC Function is used to perform the
HV Regulation Adjustment, and to preset the data
values controlling the Convergence Waveform Generator. Table 3-1 lists the items and preset values
under CONV-MISC. Some of the data values are
model specific. Check the Service Manual for a specific model to verify the correct preset values.
As in the Service Adjustment Mode, the VIDEO button selects the Adjustment Item, and the ADJUST
buttons set the Data Value. In the Convergence Mode
it is not necessary to press ENTER to save data
changes. Changes are automatically saved when the
mode is terminated.
Page 3-1
CONV MISC
ADJ
NO.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
ABBR.
HVOL
VINT
HINT
COUT
HPLL
VSTR
VCNT
STLN
FPHS
CPHS
DPHS
TPHS
HDLY
PLWD
PWM2
DESCRIPTION
HV DC Control Voltage
Interpolation Value (0=NTSC, 1=line db)
Horiz. Interpolation Value (0 Req'd)
Conv. IC Output Mode (0=Analog, 1=Digital)
1= HPLL Divider Value (256=NTSC)
Vertical Offset Value
Vertical Count Value
Sets the Vertical Position of the Crosshatch
Fine Phase of Correction Wrt. Hor. Blk.
Phase Coarse Adjustment
Phase of Dynamic Focus Wrt. Hor. Blk.
Sets the Horizontal Position of the Crosshatch
Phase of Hblk (out) Wrt. Hor. Blk.
Pulse Width of Hblk. (out)
Pulse Width of PWM-2 Output for 2H
DATA
NOTES
140
0
0
1
1
0
56
31
233
20
40
48
0
8
6
HV Regulation
Preset
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
Table 3-1
When HV Regulation, Item (0), is selected the cross
Table 3-2, set the Vertical Height and Linearity Adhatch is replaced with a black raster. A black raster
justments under the VCJ Function in the Service Adis required to perform this adjustment.
justment Mode.
In the Coarse Adjustment Mode, the AUDIO button selects the following sub functions:
• CONV-GREEN --- Green Cross Hatch
• CONV-RED --- White Cross Hatch
• CONV-BLUE --- White Cross Hatch
• DF --- White Cross Hatch
The adjustments under CONV-GREEN include
Width, Pincushion, X and Y axis Tilt, and Vertical
Keystone.
In all the Coarse Adjustment Sub Functions, the
VIDEO button selects the Adjustment Item, and the
ADJUST, Up and Down buttons set the data.
CONV-RED and CONV-BLUE are used to perform Red and Blue Coarse Dynamic Convergence
Adjustments. In both the Red and Blue modes, a
white Crosshatch is displayed. However, only Red
is adjustable in the Red Mode, and only Blue in the
Blue Mode.
CONV-GREEN is used to set Coarse Raster Geometry Correction. The Adjustment Items are listed
in Table 3-2. Before performing the adjustments in
The Adjustment Items under CONV-RED, and
CONV-BLUE, are shown in Tables 3-3 and 3-4,
respectively. These adjustments include:
CONV GREEN
ADJ
NO.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
ABBR.
HSTA
SPCC
HWID
SKEW
VSTA
VKEY
TBPC
TILT
DESCRIPTION
RANGE DATA
Horiz. Position
Side PCC
Width
x Axis Tilt
Vertical Position
Vertical Keystone
Top/Bottom PCC
Y Axis Tilt
±511
±511
±511
±511
±511
±511
±511
±511
Table 3-2
Page 3-2
+6
-182
-66
+1
+88
-14
-270
-7
NOTES
Coarse Raster Correction
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
• Horizontal Width, Linearity and Bow.
• Vertical Keystone
• X and Y Axis Tilt
Set the coarse adjustments so that the red (or blue)
converges on the green crosshatch, at the center of
the top, bottom, and sides of the screen.
If Static Convergence shifts during coarse alignment,
use HSTA and VSTA, items 0 and 5, to correct the
shift.
DF (Dynamic Focus) is used to preset the data values controlling the Dynamic Focus circuitry. There
are only two items under the DF Sub Function, as
shown in Table 3-5. Set the Items to the data values
given in the Service Manual for that specific model.
The Fine Adjustment Mode is activated by pressing (4), when in the Convergence Mode. In this mode
the On-screen Data Display changes, and a blinking
Cursor appears on the Cross Hatch. There are two
sub modes of Cursor operation:
1) Cursor Move (blinking cursor)
2) Adjust Data (non-blinking cursor)
The ENTER button toggles the mode between Cursor Move, and Adjust. In the Move Mode the ADJUST buttons move the Cursor. In the Adjust Mode,
the ADJUST buttons set the horizontal and vertical
position, of Red, Green or Blue, at the current Cursor position.
The AUDIO button toggles the Adjust Mode Color,
Green, Red, and Blue. For a quick reference, the
Convergence Mode General Procedure is illustrated
graphically in Figure 3-1.
CONV RED
ADJ
NO.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
ABBR.
HSTA
HLIN
SKEW
HWID
HSBW
VSTA
VKEY
TILT
DESCRIPTION
RANGE DATA
Horiz. Position
Horiz. Linearity
x Axis Tilt
Width
Horiz. Bow
Vertical Position
Vertical Keystone
Y Axis Tilt
±511
±511
±511
±511
±511
±511
±511
±511
+71
-231
+15
+21
+60
+30
-250
-7
NOTES
Coarse Red Convergence
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
Table 3-3
CONV BLUE
ADJ
NO.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
ABBR.
HSTA
HLIN
SKEW
HWID
HSBW
VSTA
VKEY
TILT
DESCRIPTION
RANGE DATA
Horiz. Position
Horiz. Linearity
x Axis Tilt
Width
Horiz. Bow
Vertical Position
Vertical Keystone
Y Axis Tilt
±511
±511
±511
±511
±511
±511
±511
±511
Table 3-4
Page 3-3
+50
+263
+7
+9
-125
+39
+153
-7
NOTES
Coarse Blue Convergence
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
DF (Dynamic Focus)
ADJ
NO.
0
1
ABBR.
DFH
DFV
DESCRIPTION
RANGE DATA
Dynamic Focus - Horiz.
Dynamic Focus - Vertical
±511
±511
-300
-159
NOTES
Preset
"
Table 3-5
The following describes the effect of Fine Adjustments in more detail.
Fine Adjustment Effect
When the Fine Adjustment Mode is entered, the
screen changes to that shown in Figure 3-2, with a
Green Cross Hatch. The Cursor is flashing, indicating the Move Cursor mode. The mode name and
data values are also displayed.
Although not shown on the screen, horizontal and
vertical coordinates are assigned to the Cross Hatch
pattern. The coordinate designations are shown in
Figure 3-3. Note that not all the Cross Hatch lines
have coordinate designations. Fine Adjustments can
be performed at the intersections of those lines with
coordinates assigned.
The Vertical coordinates range from 0 to 9, and the
Horizontal coordinates from 0 to 8. Vertical coordinates 0 and 9, and horizontal coordinate 8, are out-
Page 3-4
side the picture area (off the screen). If the Cursor is
located at these coordinates it will not be visible, and
must be moved to the visible area of the screen, using the ADJUST buttons.
tal cross hatch lines at the sides of the screen. The
same is true for vertical coordinate 8. Adjusting horizontal position effects the vertical crosshatch lines
at the extreme bottom of the picture.
Horizontal coordinates 0 and 7 are also off the screen.
However, they are close enough to the edge of the
screen so part of the cursor is visible. Adjusting the
vertical position at these points effects the horizon-
The shaded circles in Figure 3-3 indicate the crosshatch intersections that can be adjusted. There are a
total of sixty four cursor positions to make fine adjustments on the crosshatch.
NOTES: ___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
Page 3-5
Moving the Cursor
The Cursor is moved using the ADJUST buttons.
The Cursor only stops at intersections that are assigned horizontal and vertical coordinates.
• ADJUST UP --- moves the Cursor to the
next upper active intersection
• ADJUST DN --- moves the Cursor to the
next lower active intersection
• ADJUST RGT --- moves to the next
active intersection on the right
• ADJUST LFT --- moves to the next active
intersection on the left
Adjusting Data
Pressing ENTER toggles the Cursor from the Move
to the Adjust Mode, the Cursor stops flashing. The
intersection at the Cursor, can be adjusted vertically
using the ADJUST UP & DN buttons, or horizontally using the ADJUST LFT & RGT buttons.
The effect of Green Adjustments is illustrated in Figure 3-4A. In the Green mode, only Green is displayed, and moves when adjusted. Green is used to
correct raster distortion.
Page 3-6
Pressing the AUDIO button
toggles the color from GREEN
to RED to BLUE, and back to
GREEN. In the RED and BLUE
modes all three colors are displayed. However, only Red can
be adjusted in the RED mode,
and only Blue in the BLUE
mode. This is illustrated in Figure 4B. The RED and BLUE
modes are used for Fine Convergence Adjustment.
Some interaction between the
current cursor position, and adjacent cursor positions does occur. Therefore, a back and forth
type of adjustment procedure
may be required.
Data Display
Fine Adjustment Mode Data Display designations are shown in
Figure 3-5. The Y digits, to the
left of the V, denote the vertical
data value for the current Cursor
Position. The X digits, to the right
of the H, denote the horizontal
data value for the Cursor position.
Both vertical and horizontal data
may be either positive or negative,
ranging from -511 to +511.
The digit to the right of the V indicates the Cursor’s current vertical coordinate position, and digit
to the left of the H indicates the
NOTES: ___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
Page 3-7
current horizontal coordinate position. In Figure 35, vertical coordinate 3 and horizontal coordinate 6
are shown. Horizontal coordinates range from 0 to
8, and the vertical ranges from 0 to 9.
General Adjustment Procedure
When servicing Projection TV, usually only touch
up Raster and Convergence Correction adjustments
are required. If mis-convergence appears in one or
more areas of the screen, it may only require a Fine
Convergence Adjustment touch up. However, it must
be remembered that it may also be due to:
1) Incorrect preset data value in the CONVMISC mode. Incorrect data values can
distort the generated correction signals.
2) Incorrect Raster Correction adjustments.
3) Coarse Convergence Adjustments are not
set to optimum. If not set to optimum,
correction may be out of the Fine Adjustment mode range.
NOTES: ___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
Page 3-8
The following General Procedure sequence serves
as a reference. It is not meant to be performed each
time the set is serviced. However, if a quick touch
up does not solve the problem, we suggest checking
the adjustments in the following sequence.
General Procedure
1) Preset CONV-MISC data.
Check the data against the values given in the
Service Manual for that specific model.
2) Raster Correction Adjustments
• Perform Vertical Height and Linearity
Adjustments in the Service Adjustment
Mode, VCJ Function, Items 24 and 28.
• Perform Coarse Raster Correction Adjustments, CONV-GREEN mode.
• Perform Fine Raster Correction Adjustments, FINE CONV GREEN mode.
3) Static Convergence -- if too far off, correction
may be out of the range of the Convergence circuitry.
4) Coarse Dynamic Convergence Adjustment
• CONV RED mode -- converge red on the
green at the center of the top, bottom and
sides of the picture.
• CONV BLUE mode -- converge blue on
the green at the center of the top, bottom
and sides of the picture.
5) Fine Convergence Adjustment
• Adjust the cursor positions where misconvergence appears.
• Adjust cursor positions in the sequence
shown in Figure 3-6.
Page 3-9
Page 3-10
Section 4
Convergence Circuitry
The Convergence Correction Circuitry in the VZ7
chassis is digital. Figure 4-1 illustrates a Basic Block
Diagram of the circuit. Horizontal and vertical pulses
are applied to a Convergence Correction Generator.
The Correction Generator produces Horizontal and
Vertical Correction signals for each CRT, Red, Green
and Blue. The Correction Signals are not analog
waveforms, but are Serial Digital Signals.
The signals are applied to Digital to Analog Converters to produce the analog waveforms required
to drive the Sub Coils in the Deflection Yokes. The
signals are then amplified and applied to their respective Yoke Sub Coils.
Overall Convergence Circuitry
Figure 4-2 shows a simplified diagram of the Overall Convergence Circuitry. IC800 is the Convergence
Correction Waveform Generator. Horizontal pulses
are derived from the Horizontal Output stage circuitry, and vertical pulses from the V-Pump terminal
on the Vertical Output IC, IC451.
The horizontal and vertical pulses are buffered by
IC803, on the PCB-CONV, and then directed to
IC800. IC803 is comprised of two D-type Flip Flops
providing clean precisely timed output pulses. The
internal circuitry in IC800, uses the pulses from IC803
to generate the Convergence Correction signals, in a
Serial Digital format.
Page 4-1
Page 4-2
The signals from IC800 are directed to Digital to
Analog Converters in IC8E01, IC8E02 and IC8E03.
Each of the ICs is comprised of two separate Digital
to Analog Converters. The analog outputs of the D/
A Converters are directed to Low Pass Filter (LPF)
circuitry in IC802, IC803, and IC804.
The outputs from the LPF circuitry are applied to
amplifiers in the second stage of IC802, IC803, and
IC804. The Green signal is also directed to the Red
and Blue Amplifier inputs. The raster correction
adjustments are performed on the Green raster, but
also effect the Red and Blue rasters.
The six amplified signals are directed to their respective Convergence Output IC. The Convergence Output ICs, IC8C01 and IC8C02, contain three separate amplifiers. IC8C01 amplifies the horizontal correction signals, and IC8C02 the vertical correction
signals.
An oscilloscope can be used to trace the signal
through the circuitry to isolate a problem area. Not
much can be told from the serial digital signals, except that the signals are present.
DAC & LPF Circuitry
Figure 4-3 illustrates the circuitry of one Digital/Analog Converter IC, and its associated LPF circuitry.
All three DAC and LPF circuits are the same, except
for component nomenclature. The component nomenclature that is given in Figure 4-3, is common to
all three circuits.
As stated earlier, each DAC IC has two internal Digital to Analog Converters. Serial data is input to D/A
#1 at pin 15, and data for D/A #2 is input at pin 14.
The timing signals for the internal converters, are
common to all three DAC ICs,
• CLK -- input to the IC at pin 16.
• WDCLK -- input at pin 13
The charges on the capacitors at pins 9 and 10, are
the reference voltages for the internal converters. The
D/A #1 analog signal is output at pin 11, and D/A #2
signal is output at pin 6. The two signals are directed to LPF circuitry in the Low Pass Filter IC.
The LPF circuitry receives DC power from the plus
and minus 9 Volt supplies. The IC, and its external
circuitry, removes the high frequency components
Page 4-3
of the analog signals, and directs them to
Amplifier/Summing circuits located in the
second stage of the same ICs.
Amplifier/Summing Circuitry
Figure 4-4 illustrates the Horizontal Correction Amplifier/Summing circuitry. The
Vertical Correction circuitry is the same
except for component notation. The Amplifier/Summing circuitry is within the second stage of the ICs used in the LPF.
Referring to Figure 4-4, there is an amplifier for each color, red, green and blue.
The Green Horizontal Correction signal
is applied to all three amplifiers. Resistor
R867 directs Green signal to the Red Amplifier Input, at pin 2 of IC806, and R872
supplies Green signal to the Blue Amplifier input, at pin 2 of IC807.
All three amplifiers are stabilized by feedback to their non-inverting input. The amplified correction signals are directed to
their respective Convergence Output Amplifiers on the PCB-CONV.
Convergence Output Amplifiers
Figure 4-5 shows the circuitry for the Horizontal Correction Output Amplifiers. All three of the amplifiers are in IC8C01. The amplified outputs are directed to their respective horizontal sub yoke coil
winding.
For stabilization, feedback from the return end of
each sub coil, is direct to the inverting input of its'
amplifier.
The plus, and minus 24 Volts supplies furnish power
for IC8C01. +24 Volts is applied to pins 5 and 10,
and -24 Volts to pins 4, 8, 12, and 17.
Q8C01, at pin 3, momentarily disables the IC when
the TV is switched ON. As the negative 24 Volt
supply is generated, the voltage at the base of Q8C01
is delayed while C8C12 charges through R8C06.
During the charging period, Q8C01 conducts, applying negative voltage the Mute input at pin 3, disabling the IC.
When C8C12 has charged, Q8C01 turns OFF and
the IC is enabled. Both 24 Volt supplies are scan
derived from the Horizontal Output Circuitry. The
momentary disabling of the Convergence Output ICs,
reduces the load on the Horizontal Output stage.
NOTES: __________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
Page 4-4
The circuitry related to Q5A01 thru Q5A06 is a Dynamic Regulator. It compensates for width changes
due to changes in the HV circuit load. The capacitive divider in the CR Block provides a sample of the
HV. The sample is combined with horizontal sync
pulses in the Dynamic Regulator circuit. The output
of the Dynamic Regulator is routed through resistive networks to the (+) input of Horizontal Correction Output Amplifier.
The Dynamic Regulator is only used for the Horizontal Correction Output Amplifiers. It is not connected to Vertical Correction Output Amplifiers.
Page 4-5
Page 4-6
Convergence Control Circuitry
Figure 4-6 illustrates the Convergence Control Circuitry. The Main Control Microprocessor, IC700,
controls the Convergence circuit over the CSDA serial data line. Transfer of data is timed by CSCL
clock signal from IC700.
The ACK line informs the Microprocessor (uPC) that
IC800 has received a response from the E2PROM.
If an expected response is not received, IC800 pulls
the ACK LOW, telling the uPC that the response is
missing. When this occurs, the uPC will repeat the
initial command.
The C_BUSY line informs the uPC if IC800 is busy,
performing a command, or communicating with the
E2PROM. When IC800 is busy, it pulls the C_BUSY
line LOW. If the line remains LOW for an extended
period of time, the uPC assumes the Convergence
circuitry is locked up and initiates a Reset command.
A LOW on the NOT E2RESET line, from pin 20 of
IC700, will set all convergence data to its nominal
point.
Convergence data is stored, and read in IC801, an
E2PROM. Data is written, and read from memory
over the SDAM line, and timed by the SCLK line.
PLL circuitry in IC809 generates timing signals for
the operation of IC800, and the generation of the
internal Crosshatch pattern. The PLL is phase locked
to horizontal sync, input to IC809 at pin 4.
IC800 also outputs two clock signals, BCLK at pin
28, and WCLK at pin 27. The two are timing signals
for the three Digital to Analog Converter ICs. The
BCLK signal is applied to pin 16 of each D/A Converter, and the WCLK signal to pin 13.
The WCLK signal is also used as the Clock signal
for the two D-type FFs in IC803, the Sync Buffer.
The WCLK signal is applied the CLK1 and CLK2
inputs of IC803.
The PWM1 output at pin 16 of IC800, is the HV
Adjustment output and is directed to the HV Regulation circuitry on the PCB-MAIN. This adjustment
is performed in the Convergence Adjustment, under
the CONV-MISC function.
The DAOUT at pin 38 of IC800 are the combined
horizontal and vertical parabolic signals for the Dynamic Beam Formation (DBF) circuitry. The signals are amplified in IC805 and directed to the DBF
circuitry.
NOTES: __________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
Page 4-7
Page 4-8
Section 5
Power Supply
The above illustration shows the Overall Power Supply Block Diagram for the VZ7 chassis. A single
Switch Mode Regulator generates both Standby and
Switched supplies. Since it generates Standby supplies, it is active as long as the set is plugged into an
AC source.
The Switch Mode Regulator directly generates three
Standby Supplies, and through the On/Off Relay, two
Switched Supplies:
• STBY 32 Volts
• STBY 12 Volts
• STBY 4 Volts
• SW 18 Volts
• SW 130 Volts
The STBY 12V supply is the source for two additional Standby supplies:
• STBY 9 Volts
• STBY 5 Volts
The STBY 12 V supply is also the source for three
Switched Supplies:
• SW 12 Volts
• SW 9 Volts
• SW 5 Volts
The STBY 4 Volts supply is the source for the SW
3.2 Volts supply
Page 5-1
Switch Mode Regulator
Self Generated DC Supply
To maintain oscillation, rectification of the signal from
the secondary winding at pin 3 of T951 adds to the
voltage at pin 4 of the IC. Pin 4 is also the Over
Voltage Protect input. If the voltage exceeds 22
volts the internal circuitry shuts down the oscillator.
Start Up Voltage
The Start Up voltage is supplied by Bridge Rectifier
D951, through R964 to pin 4 of the IC951. It takes
approximately 16 volts at pin 4 to start the oscillator
in the IC. Once the IC starts conducting, the voltage
at pin 4 drops. If it drops below 11.5 volts the oscillator shuts OFF. Therefore, an added DC source is
required to keep the oscillator running.
Regulation Feedback
Stabilization and rough regulation are provided by
feedback from pin 3 of T951 to pin 1 of the IC. Fine
regulation feedback is from a secondary supply,
through the Photo Coupler, PC951, to pin 1 of IC951.
Figure 5-1 illustrates the Switch Mode Regulator circuitry. Its requirements are:
• Start Up voltage
• Self generated oscillator DC Supply
• Feedback for regulation.
When the set is OFF, the STBY 12V supply is monitored, through Q972 and PC951. When the set is
ON, the SW 130V supply is monitored. The 130
volts is compared to a reference in IC952 and a correction voltage is directed to PC951.
Page 5-2
Over Current Protection
Pin 1 of IC951 is also the Over Current Protect input. The internal FET’s ground return is at pin 2 of
the IC. The voltage drop across R955 and R956
indicates the FET’s current, and is coupled through
R953 to pin 1 of the IC. The Over Current Protect
circuit is activated if the voltage at pin 1 of the IC
exceeds 1.35 volts.
When Q973 is OFF, it allows Q972 to conduct. A
sample of the STBY 12V supply is applied to the
base and compared to zener diode D976 in the emitter circuit. The collector voltage is the regulation
correction voltage applied to PC951. If the STBY
12V supply is high, Q972 conducts more decreasing
the correction voltage. If the supply is low, the correction voltage increases.
ON/OFF Circuitry
Set ON Operation
When the P-ON line goes HIGH, Q971 conducts
closing the ON/OFF Relay. Q978 and Q973 are
driven into conduction. The conduction of Q978
turns Q977 OFF, which allows Q976 to conduct,
generating the SW 12V Supply.
Figure 5-2 shows the ON/OFF circuitry in the VZ7
chassis. The P-ON line from the Control µPC is the
ON command. When the set is OFF, the line is LOW,
holding Q971, Q973 and Q978 OFF.
Set OFF Operation
With Q971 OFF, the Off/On Relay is open and the
130V and 18V supplies are not generated. The 18V
Relay contacts are not shown in Figure 2. When
Q978 is OFF, it holds Q976 OFF through the conduction of Q977. With Q976 OFF, the SW 12V supply is not generated.
The conduction of Q973 turns Q972 OFF. The regulation correction voltage is now derived from the
130V supply through the Error Amplifier in IC952.
Page 5-3
Deflection/HV Generated
Switched Supplies
Figure 5-3 shows the DC supplies generated by rectification of signals from the Flyback Transformer
(T551), and the Horizontal Output Transformer
(T519). Besides High Voltage, Focus and Screen
Voltage, the Flyback transformer generates a 230 Volt
and a 34 Volt supply. The 230 Volt supply is for the
RGB amplifiers located on the CRT circuit boards.
The 34 volt supply sources the Vertical Output circuit.
The Horizontal Output Transformer is the source for
the plus and minus 24 Volt supplies, used for the
Convergence Circuit. An additional secondary winding is the source for the CRTs' filaments.
Page 5-4
Power Distribution
If the cause of a problem is due to a missing, or incorrect supply voltage, considerable time may be
spent tracing the circuitry back to the supply’s source.
The Power Distribution Diagram in Figure 5-4 reduces the time needed to trace a supply’s source.
Page 5-5
Troubleshooting
Since the Power Supply in the VZ7 chassis is similar
to other switched mode designs, troubleshooting
should not present a problem.
The Bridge Rectifier is connected directly to the AC
line. Therefore, the primary circuit of the regulator
is referenced to a HOT ground. When servicing this
circuit, an Isolation Transformer must be used to
protect both the technician and test equipment.
A more detailed diagram of the Power Supply's primary circuit is shown in Figure 5-5. Some key points
to remember when troubleshooting are:
1) It requires 16 VDC at pin 4 of the IC to start
the oscillator.
2) Q975 provides Soft Start Protection, applying some positive voltage to pin 1 during
initial start up.
4) If pin 4's voltage drops below 11.5 volts the
oscillator shuts Off.
5) If the voltage at pin 4 increases above 22
VDC, the internal Over Voltage Protect
circuit shut the oscillator Off.
6) If the voltage at pin 1 reaches 1.35 VDC, the
Over Current Protect circuit disables the
oscillator.
7) A clicking sound indicates the IC is probably
defective.
8) A chirping sound usually is caused by an
excessive load on the Power Supply.
Before replacing the IC try resetting it.
1) Unplug the AC cord.
2) Connect a 100 Ohm resistor (R) between
pins 4 and 5 of the IC. This discharges C960
that may still be charged if the Over Voltage
Protect circuit was activated.
3) Remove the 100 Ohm resistor and apply
power to the set.
If the problem still exists, the IC is probably defective.
Excessive load on the Power Supply is usually caused
by a high current component in the TV, such as the:
• HV Output transistor
• Horizontal Output transistor
• Audio Output IC
• Convergence Output ICs.
Page 5-6
Section 6
Control Circuitry
Control Circuity
Even with many advanced features such as Digital
Convergence Circuitry, PIP/POP, V-Chip Program
Blocking and the Diagnostic Mode, the Control circuitry is not overly complex. An overview of the
circuit is shown above. A 100 pin surface mount
µPC is the heart of the Control circuitry. Primary
inputs come from either the front keyboard or the
remote. Most output commands are communicated
by way of four I2C Buses.
Besides receiving and generating commands, the internal circuitry in the µPC:
• Processes Closed Caption signals.
• Generates signals for On Screen Displays.
• Performs V-Chip Program Blocking.
Page 6-1
Basic Operating Requirements
The basic operating requirements for the µPC
are typical. They are listed below and illustrated in Figure 6-1.
• A DC Power Supply
• Ground returns
• A Clock signal to time all operations.
• Reset circuit to set the µPC to its
nominal starting point.
Input Commands
The user input command circuitry is
shown in Figure 6-2. The front panel
buttons are connected in a two column
resistive ladder array. Each column
connects to a Key input on the µPC.
When a front panel button is pressed,
the change in voltage at the Key input
informs the µPC what command has
been entered.
Remote Control commands are received by the Remote Preamp, amplified and applied to the RMC input of
the µPC. The Remote commands are
a serial data stream that is decoded in
the µPC.
Page 6-2
Overall Control Circuitry
The µPC controls the TV’s circuitry mainly through
three I2C data lines, as illustrated in Figure 6-3. Two
of the I2C lines are dedicated to a specific function:
• EE SDA … transfers data to and from the
E2PROM memory IC.
• C-SDA … Controls the Convergence Circuitry
The E2PROM serves the purpose of storing user programming and service adjustment data in memory.
Control of the Convergence circuitry is explained
further in the Convergence Section.
The third I2C data line, MAIN-SDA, controls the
remainder of the circuitry in the TV. All but two of
the controlled circuits shown in Figure 3 are conventional and need no explanation:
• IC2Y02 … DAC
• IC7V01 … Line 21 Decoder
IC2Y02 is a Digital to Analog Converter that generates voltages controlling PIP Sub Picture Color, POP
Main Picture Color, and voltages controlling the
White Balance (Gamma) circuitry.
IC7V01 is a Line 21 Decoder. Program rating information is transmitted on the 21st horizontal line
in the vertical blanking interval. The Main µPC decodes the main picture program rating and if required,
performs the program blocking operation. The Main
µPC cannot decode the program rating of the PIP
sub picture source. IC7V01 performs this function.
Page 6-3
V-Chip Circuitry
Figure 6-4 shows the V-Chip circuitry in the VZ7
chassis. Main picture Composite Video is input to
pin 100 of the Main µPC. The internal circuitry uses
the signal for two purposes:
1) Decoding the Closed Captioning signal
2) Decoding the Program Rating signal.
To monitor the sub picture source, the sub picture
signal is buffered by Q6C31 and directed over two
paths:
• To the NTSC Decoder in IC6C02
• To the Video Input of IC7V01.
If a specific type of programming has been blocked
by the user, the µPC blanks the main picture, and
mutes the main picture sound. The picture is blanked,
and replaced by a blue raster in the VCJ, IC2V00.
The NTSC Decoder demodulates the video signal
and directs the signal to the PIP circuitry. It also
outputs sub picture horizontal sync that is applied to
pin 5 of IC7V01. IC7V01 decodes the sub picture
program rating signal and transfers the information
to the µPC over the Program Block line.
The µPC blanks the main picture and generates the
blue raster through the OSD insertion inputs at pins
13, 14, 15 and 16 of the VCJ. The sound for the
blocked channel is muted in the AV Switch, IC2KO1.
The µPC determines whether or not the sub picture
should be blocked. If the sub picture is blocked, the
PIP/POP insert is black. This is controlled by the
Main SDA data line to the PIP circuitry.
Page 6-4
Protection and Status Inputs
The inputs at pin 20, 46 and 47, as shown in Figure 6-5, are protection and status inputs, informing
the uPC of any abnormal operating conditions.
• AC OFF (pin 20) -- informs the uPC if
power is lost.
• SHORT (pin 46) -- informs the uPC if there
is a short on a DC supply.
• X-RAY (pin 47) -- monitors for Excess HV
and CRT Beam Current.
ter of Q7A20, through R7A11, and zener diode
D7A20. Since Q7A20 is an NPN transistor, and the
base is tied to ground, the transistor conducts.
AC OFF Circuit
Figure 6-6 illustrates the AC OFF circuitry. With
power applied to the TV, both the STBY -12V, and
+5V Holdup supplies are present, whether the TV is
ON or OFF. The -12V supply is directed to the emit-
If power is removed, or lost, the -12V supply drops
to zero. The 5V Holdup supply temporarily remains
at 5 volts. This drives pin 4 HIGH, informing the
uPC that power has been lost, and programmed data
is automatically stored in memory.
The conduction applies negative voltage to pin 20 of
the uPC. At the same time, positive voltage from
the 5V Standby supply, through R7A08, is directed
to pin 20. The combination of the two voltages holds
pin 20 LOW. The logic at the AC OFF input of the
uPC is automatically checked every 16 msec.
Page 6-5
X-RAY Protect
Figure 6-8 illustrates the XRAY Protect circuitry. The
logic at pin 47 of the uPC is
controlled by two protect circuits, monitoring for excess
HV and Beam Current.
SHORT Circuit
Figure 6-7 shows the SHORT circuitry. The input
at pin 46 of IC700, connects to the 5V Standby Supply through R7B19. Three Switched Supplies are
monitored through discrete diodes. Under normal
conditions, all the diodes are reversed biased and pin
46 is HIGH from the 5V supply.
If a short is present on any of the monitored supplies, that specific diode is forward biased pulling
pin 46 LOW. The uPC responds by automatically
shutting the set OFF.
The SHORT line also monitors the Horizontal Output transistor, and the Horizontal Yokes' current.
R566 is the ground return for both Q5A00 and the
Horizontal Yokes. If current through R566 becomes
excessive, the increased voltage turns Q533 ON. The
conduction of Q533 pulls the SHORT line LOW,
shutting the TV OFF.
The three main causes resulting in excessive voltage
across R566 are:
1) Shorted or leaky Horizontal Output Transistor.
2) Shorted Horizontal Deflection Yoke.
3) Excessive current drain on the Convergence
+ 24 Volt DC Supplies, generated from T519
in the collector circuit of Q5A00.
To monitor HV, a sample of
the HV is derived from the
resistive divider in the CR
Block, and is directed to pin
5 of IC501. The sample is
amplified in IC501 and directed to the inverting input
of an OP Amplifier at pin 6
of IC502. A stable reference voltage, from IC503,
is applied to the non-inverting input of the OP Amplifier, pin 5.
If HV becomes excessive, the sample at pin 6 of
IC502, exceeds the reference voltage at pin 5, and
the output at pin 7 goes LOW. The uPC responds to
the LOW on the X-RAY line by switching the set
OFF.
To check if the excess HV Protect is working, short
pins 1 and 2 of the DN connector. If the TV does
not shut off, a circuit problem exists.
Beam Current Protect
Beam Current is detected by monitoring the voltage
at the Flyback HV Winding ground return, pin 8 of
T551. The voltage at pin 8 drops as beam current
increases. If the drop in voltage is excessive, D543
is forward biased, dropping the voltage at pin 3 of
IC502. If the voltage at pin 3 drops below the reference at pin 2, the output at pin 1 goes LOW, pulling
the X-RAY line LOW.
To check the Beam Current Protect circuit, short
pins 1 and 3 of the DQ connector. The TV must
shut off. Failure to shut off indicates a circuit problem.
Page 6-6
Arc Protect
The Arc Protect circuit is also shown in Figure 6-8.
It does not control the logic at the X-RAY input to
the uPC, but if activated, the symptom is similar to
X-RAY Protect operation, the set switches OFF.
However, if the Arc Protect circuit shuts the set OFF,
the set cannot be switched back ON unless AC power
is removed, and then reapplied to the set.
base of Q523 LOW. When Q523 conducts it turns
the set OFF by pulling the P-ON command to the
power supply LOW.
If an arc occurs, there is a momentary sudden decrease in the voltage at pin 8 of the Flyback. The
sudden drop in voltage turns Q523 ON. The conduction of Q523 turns Q524 ON, which holds the
To check the Arc Protect circuit, momentarily short
TP1 to ground. The set must automatically switch
OFF. The TV should not switch ON unless AC power
is removed then reapplied.
Since the circuit latches ON when activated, the set
cannot be switched back ON. AC Power must be
removed, allowing C593 to discharge, before the set
can be turned back ON.
Page 6-7
Single Function µPC Inputs/Outputs
There are, of course, µPC inputs and outputs that
serve specific purposes. The inputs are basically Status Inputs, informing the µPC of the TV’s current
operating status. Table 6-1 lists these inputs and their
purpose.
PIN #
95
5
6
7
20
46
47
51
67
68
75
89
92
93
97
100
ABBREV
VSYNC1
VSYNC2
TU2-SD
TU1-SD
AC OFF
SHORT
XRAY
BLANK IN
C ACK
C BUSY
VCHIP-PB
IRIS
AFT1
AFT2
H SYNC
CVIN
The outputs used to perform specific functions, such
as TV On/Off, Sound Mute, Antenna Input selection, etc., are listed in Table 6-2.
DESCRIPTION
V pulse from V Pump output
V pulse from V Pump output
Sub Tuner Sync Detector
Main Tuner Sync Detector
Informs when power is lost
Senses Power Supply short
Excess HV/Beam Current input
High if deflection is lost
Acknowledgement from the Convergence circuit
Busy signal from the Convergence circuit
Indicates the sub picture program rating
From Auto Iris circuit
Main Tuner AFT voltage
Sub Tuner AFT voltage
H Pulse from the Horizontal Output
Video input for Closed Caption, V-Chip, Etc.
Table 6-1: µPC Specific Function Inputs
PIN 3
3
4
21
22
32
33
34
44
45
49
50
52
58
69
70
72
73
ABBREV
AB2
AB3
OSD-BLNK
HALFTONE
R
G
B
SUB CONT
BLANK2
YUV-SW
POW ER
FREE RUN
LED
C RST
C MUTE
C-E2RST
PIP SW
DESCRIPTION
Color Temperature Select
Color Temperature Select
OSD Timing Signal
Produces transparent gray background
R OSD signal
G OSD signal
B OSD signal
High during Sub Contrast Adjustment
Blanks the picture
Selects the YUV Signal Source
Turns the TV ON
Removes sync from VCJ during video mute
Controls ON/OFF LED
Resets the Convergence circuit
Momentarily removes Convergence correction
Unlocks the Convergence E2PROM
Selects POP signals
74
VCHIP RST
Resets Line 21 Decoder
79
3D RST
80
81
85
86
88
MUTE3
ANT B
YUV DLY
MUTE 2
SYST 1A
Resets 3DYC Comb Filter
Mutes sound from Audio Output IC
Selects the Antenna B Input
Sets the delay for the YUV signals
Mutes sound from the AV Switch IC
Enables the Active AV Network mode
Table 6-2: µPC Specific Function Outputs
Page 6-8
Section 8
Deflection Circuitry
From the above block diagram it is apparent that the
Deflection circuitry in the VZ7 is similar to many
other designs. Naturally, there are pin numbers, component nomenclature and connector designation differences. Due to this similarity, no detailed description is necessary.
Therefore, this section is comprised of only simplified diagrams of the various sections of the deflection circuity. Each diagram is accompanied by a list
of key points for that circuit. The simplified diagrams are listed below:
• Figure 8-1: Deflect Drive Generator
• Figure 8-2: Horizontal Deflection & HV
Output Circuitry
• Figure 8-3: HV Regulation
• Figure 8-4: Scan Velocity Modulation
• Figure 8-5: Dynamic Beam Forming
• Figure 8-6: Vertical Output Circuitry
Page 8-1
Deflection Drive Generator Key Points
• The VCJ generates both Horizontal and Vertical Drive signals.
• Both the Vertical and Horizontal Drive signal are derived by dividing the output of the 32 x FH
(503.4 kHz) VCO.
• If the Horizontal Pulse fed back from the FBT to pin 43 of the VCJ is missing, the CRTs are automatically blanked by the VCJ.
• The BGP pulse from pin 55 of the VCJ is directed to the Y-Improvement circuitry.
Page 8-2
Horizontal Deflection and HV Key Points
• The Horizontal Drive from the VCJ drives both the Horizontal and HV Outputs.
• The saturable reactor transform, T501, is controlled by the HV Regulation circuit.
• The FBT generates the HV, Focus, 230V, 34V, and CRT filament supplies.
• A sample of the HV is derived from the CR Block for the HV Regulation and X-Protect circuits.
• The capacitive divider in the CR Block provides the drive signal for the PCB-D-REG.
• The voltage from pin 8 of the FBT is used by the ACL and Beam Current Protect circuits.
• T519 is the source for the Convergence ±24 volt supplies.
• The pulse from Q5AD0 is the Horizontal Yokes drive, and is used by the Horizontal Blanking and
CRT Protect circuitry.
• The voltage at the emitter of Q5AD0 is monitored by the SHORT line, through Q533.
Page 8-3
HV Regulation Key Points
• The sample of the HV from the CR Block is amplified and applied to the inverting input of the OP
Amp at pin 9 of IC501.
• The HV Adjustment voltage from the Convergence circuity is amplified and applied to the non
inverting input of the OP Amplifier, at pin 10 of IC501.
• The output of the OP Amplifier controls the conduction of Q501, determining the primary current of
T501.
• The primary current controls the amplitude of the drive signal applied to the FBT.
Page 8-4
Scan Velocity Modulation Key Points
• The input signal is a differentiated video signal from the VCJ.
• The signal is amplified and applied to the three SVM coils.
• The signal either aids the horizontal deflection signal (increasing horizontal scanning velocity), or
bucks the deflection signal (decreasing scanning velocity).
• The SVM effects scanning velocity at sudden video transition from black to white, or white to black
• The scanning velocity is increased in the black area at a transition, and decreased in the white area
at a transition.
Page 8-5
Dynamic Beam Formation Key Points
• The DBF circuitry improves edge focus.
• A parabolic waveform from the Convergence Waveform Generator is amplified and added to the
focus voltage in the Focus VR Block.
• The DC Supply for the DBF Output stage, Q5K00, is derived by rectifying the large pulses from the
Horizontal Output transistor.
Page 8-6
Vertical Output Key Points
• IC451 amplifies the V-Drive signal from the VCJ and directs it to the vertical windings in the three
Deflection Yokes.
• The charge on C451 provides additional DC for the Vertical Output stage during vertical retrace.
• The pulse from pin 7 of IC451 is also used for Vertical Blanking and by the Convergence circuitry.
• The feedback network from the Vertical Yokes ground return provides Vertical Linearity and S
distortion correction.
Page 8-7
Page 8-8
Section 7
Video/Color & PIP/POP Circuitry
VZ7
VS-45605
VS-50605
VZ7+
VS-50705 VS-60705
VS-55705 VS-70705
Increased PIP functions in the VZ7+ chassis models
makes a more complex Video/Color signal path. The
above illustration shows the PIP (Picture In Picture)
and added POP (Picture Outside of Picture) features.
Pressing the “PIP/POP” remote button activates the
Side by Side mode, available in VZ7+ models. The
main and sub pictures are compressed horizontally
and displayed Side by Side.
Pressing the “PIP/POP” button a second time activates the Channel Scan mode. The sub picture source
scans through channels and displays the channels in
three inserts. The current channel is live and the two
previous channels are still pictures.
Pressing “PIP/POP” a third time activates the conventional PIP mode, a single sub picture insert, available in all VZ7 models. The insert may be moved
using the “Adjust" direction buttons. The “PIP Size”
button allows the user to select any of five sizes for
the single insert picture.
In all of the PIP/POP modes, pressing the “PIP/
POP” button after 10 seconds terminates the PIP
mode.
Familiarity with the Video/Color signal path in the
various PIP/POP modes helps isolate problems to a
specific section of the circuitry. The following lists
key points that are valuable when isolating a problem.
• In a PIP insert mode, the main picture signal
does not pass through the PIP/POP circuitry.
• In the POP mode, both the main and sub
picture signals are processed in the PIP/POP
circuitry (VZ7+ models only).
• In a PIP insert mode, the sub picture signals
are input to the VCJ at pins 7, 10 and 8.
• In the Side by Side mode, the main Y signal
is input to the VCJ at pin 63, and the UV
color signals are input at pins 10 and 8.
Page 7-1
Page 7-2
Overall Video/Color Signal Path
The simplified diagram in Figure 7-1 shows the main
ICs in the signal path. Discrete component buffers,
amplifiers, etc. are not shown in the diagram.
Main/Sub Signal Selection
IC2K01 selects the source for both the main and sub
pictures. The choices include:
• the Tuners
• any of the External Video/S-YC inputs.
The DVD Inputs can only be selected as the main
picture source. When selected, IC2K01 selects the
DVD Y signal for the Main-Y signal. The DVD UV
color signals are routed through IC2Y01 to the VCJ.
Main Signal Path--Normal Viewing
When the main picture source is composite video,
from the Tuner or one of the External Video inputs,
it is directed to IC2001, a 3DYC Comb Filter. The
signal is separated into its’ Y and C components.
The Y and C signals are directed back to IC2K01
and output at the Main-Y (M-Y) and Main-C (M-C)
outputs of the IC.
The Main-C signal is routed through delay circuitry
on the PCB-APERTURE and then applied to the
Main-C input on the VCJ (IC2V00).
The Main-Y signal is directed through IC60Y1, processed by the Aperture Improvement circuitry and
then applied to the Main-Y input on the VCJ.
The VCJ processes both signals and combines them
to generate RGB video signals. The RGB signals
are directed through the White Balance circuitry and
then to the PCB-CRTs.
Signal Path--Side by Side Mode (VZ7+ Models)
The Main Y and C signals are applied to an NTSC
Decoder in IC6C01. In the IC, the signals are processed to form Y, U, and V signals. The main picture YUV signals are directed to the PIP/POP circuitry in IC6P01.
The sub picture video signal from IC2K01 is applied
to an NTSC Decoder in IC6C02. The sub picture
YUV output signals are also applied to IC6P01.
In IC6P01, the main and sub picture signals are processed and combined to form the Y, U and V signals
for the Side by Side picture. The Y signal is directed
through IC60Y1 and Aperture circuit to the Main-Y
input of the VCJ.
The U and V signals are routed through IC2Y01 to
pins 10 and 8 of the VCJ, respectively.
In the VCJ, the YUV signals are processed to form
RGB video. The RGB signals follow the conventional signal path to the CRTs.
Signal Path--PIP Insert Modes
In the PIP insert modes, the main picture signal path
is the same as during normal viewing. The sub picture signal path is the same as in the Side by Side
mode, only with one exception, the Sub-Y signal path.
Pin 7 of the VCJ serves as the sub signal Y input.
The sub picture U and V signals are applied to pins
10 and 8 of the VCJ.
In the VCJ the sub YUV signals are inserted in the
main YUV signals. Then the combined signals are
converted to RGB signals and output from the IC.
Signal Path--DVD Component Inputs
When the DVD Component inputs are the selected
main picture source, they are applied to the same
inputs on the VCJ that are used in the Side by Side
mode. The DVD Y signal is output from IC2K01
and directed to the Main-Y input of the VCJ (pin
63). The DVD U and V signals are selected by
IC2Y01 and applied to pins 10 and 8 of the VCJ.
On Screen Display
The On Screen Display (OSD) signals, from the
Control and Convergence circuitry are applied to the
VCJ at pins 14, 15 and 16. In the VCJ, the OSD
RGB signals are inserted in the main picture RGB
signals.
Page 7-3
Main/Sub NTSC
Decoders
Figure 7-2 shows a more detailed
diagram of the NTSC Decoder circuits. In the Main NTSC Decoder, IC6C01, (VZ7+ only) the
internal switches select the path of
the Main Y and C signals. The
Main-Y signal passes through
Delay circuitry, is amplified and
then output from the IC.
The Main-C signal is applied to the
NTSC Decoder where it is demodulated, and the following Matrix outputs U and V signals. The
signals then pass through color
amplifiers and are output from the
IC.
The Side by Side main picture
Color and Tint adjustments take
place in IC6C01. The MAINSDA line from the Control circuitry controls the adjustments
through the Digital to Analog
Converter in IC2Y02.
The analog voltage from pin 14 of
IC2Y02 sets the tint of the Side
by Side main picture, and the voltage from pin 13
sets the color level. Both these adjustments are performed to match color of the Side by Side main picture to that of the sub picture.
IC6C02 is the Sub Picture NTSC Decoder. Since
the sub picture signal is composite video, the internal input signal path in the IC differs from that of the
main picture Decoder. The sub picture Video is input to the IC at pin 13 and then takes two paths:
1) Through a Chroma Trap, removing chroma
signal, and then to the Y Delay circuitry.
2) Through a Bandpass Filter, removing the
luminance (Y) signal, and then to the NTSC
Decoder.
The sub picture Color and Tint are also set through
IC2Y02. Pin 12 of IC2Y02 sets the sub picture tint,
and pin 11 the sub picture color level. The adjustments are performed in the Single Insert mode, and
must be performed before the Side by Side picture
color adjustments.
PIP/POP Circuitry
Figure 7-3 illustrates a simplified functional diagram
of the PIP/POP circuitry in IC6P01.
PIP insert mode
The sub picture YUV input signals are converted to
digital and are written into memory. The memory is
then read at a rate to produce the insert picture(s).
Page 7-4
The signals are then converted back to analog and
output at the YUV outputs of the IC.
The PIP-Y signal is applied directly to pin 7 of the
VCJ. The PIP UV signals are selected by IC2Y01
and are directed to pins 10 and 8 of the VCJ. The
YUV-SW signal from the Control circuitry is LOW
selecting the PIP UV signals.
The FBL (Fast Blank Switch) signal from pin 68 of
IC6P01 is applied to the YUV-SW input of the VCJ.
This signal times the insertion of the PIP signals into
the main signals.
Side by Side Mode (VZ7+ only)
The internal circuitry in IC6P01 converts both the
main and sub picture YUV signals to digital, and
writes them into memory. The memory is then read
in the sequence required to produce the signal for
the Side by Side pictures. The signals are converted
back to analog and directed out the YUV outputs of
the IC.
IC6Y01 directs the POP-Y signal to pin 63 of the
VCJ. The signal selection of IC6Y01 is controlled
by the PIP-SW line from the Control circuitry. A
HIGH selects the POP-Y signal. The PIP-SW line
also drives the YUV-SW input of the VCJ HIGH,
selecting pins 10 and 8 as the U and V inputs.
DVD Component as the Main Picture Source
The YUV-SW line goes HIGH selecting the DVD
UV signals and via R6P81 drives pin 5 of the VCJ
HIGH, enabling the UV input at pins 10 and 8. The
PIP-SW line is held LOW, so the logic at pin 2 of
IC6Y01 does not go HIGH from the YUV-SW line.
Page 7-5
Control and Timing
The operation of the PIP/POP circuitry in IC6P01 is
controlled by the MAIN-SDA line from the Control
µPC, IC700. The MAIN-SCL line controls the timing of data transfer.
To synchronize writing and reading data, to and from
the memory, requires horizontal and vertical sync
pulses from both the sub and main signals. Main
picture sync signals are input to IC6P01 at pins 70
and 94. Sub picture sync signals are applied to pins
87 and 72.
VCJ Video/Color Internal Path
Figure 7-4A shows VCJ Video/Color paths in the
PIP Insert mode path, and Figure 7-4B in the POP
and DVD modes.
In a PIP Insert mode, the main picture signal paths
are the same as in conventional viewing. Y signal is
input at pin 63, and C signal input at pin 64. The sub
picture YUV inputs are at pins 7, 10 and 8. The
FBL (Fast Blank) signal input at pin 5 of the VCJ,
controls the insertion of the sub YUV signals into
the main YUV signal.
In the POP mode (VZ7+ only), the combined main
and sub picture Y signals are input to the VCJ at pin
63. The POP UV signals are input to pins 10 and 8
of the VCJ. The logic at pin 5 goes HIGH from the
PIP-SW line, selecting pins 63, 8 and 10 as the active inputs to the VCJ.
When DVD Component is the selected source, the
YUV-SW line drives pin 5 of the VCJ HIGH, selecting the same inputs to the VCJ as in the POP mode.
YUV Switch Control
It is apparent that the function of the internal YUV
Switch in the VCJ differs between the PIP, POP and
DVD modes. The function of the YUV Switch is
controlled by the Main SDA line from the Control
µPC. In a PIP Insert mode a HIGH at pin 5 selects
pins 7, 8 and 10 as the active inputs. In the POP or
DVD modes, a HIGH at pin 5 selects pins 63, 8 and
10 as the active inputs.
Next, the YUV Signals are processed in the Matrix
and RGB section of the VCJ as shown in Figure 7-5.
Page 7-6
Matrix and RGB Circuitry
The R-Y and B-Y signals from the YUV Switch pass
through Axis circuitry. The circuit sets the axis of
the R-Y and B-Y signals and generates the G-Y signal. The three color difference signals, along with Y
signal from the YUV Switch, are input to the Matrix
circuitry.
In the Matrix, Y signal is added to each of the color
difference signals, resulting in Red, Green and Blue
Video signals. The RGB signals are directed to the
RGB circuitry in the VCJ.
The RGB signals from the Matrix circuit pass through
YM Attenuation, YS Switch and Picture Control circuitry.
YM Attenuation decreases the RGB signal's amplitude by 6db. Activated by a HIGH at the Half Tone
input, pin 12 of the IC, it is used to produce the transparent gray background for certain on-screen displays. The amplitude of the RGB video signals is reduced by 1/2 in the background area of the OSD.
This dims the video in the background.
The YS Switch, inserts On Screen Display (OSD)
information into the Main Signals. OSD signals are
applied to pins 14, 15 and 16. The YS signal at pin
13 times the insertion of the OSD. The signal path
for the OSD sources is provided at the end of this
section.
The Picture Control circuitry amplifies the RGB
signals. The amount of gain is determined by the
user's Contrast adjustment setting. The signals then
pass through the Dynamic Color stage of the circuitry.
In the following circuity:
• Gamma -- increases the detail in white areas
of the picture.
• Clamping -- sets the pedestal level of the
three signals.
• Brightness -- sets the DC level of the signals
In the Drive circuitry, the amplitude of the Blue
and Green signals are adjustable. These adjustments
are used when performing White Balance adjustments.
Page 7-7
The Cutoff circuitry sets the point at which each
CRT starts to conduct. These are set when performing CRT Cutoff Bias adjustments. The signals are
then buffered and output from IC2V00, Red at pin
20, Green at pin 24, and Blue at pin 26.
Auto kine Bias (AKB) pulses are added to each signal in the Buffer circuits. The AKB circuitry is described later in this section. The R, G and B Video
signal from the VCJ are directed to Gamma circuitry.
at pin 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 7 determine at what point, and
how much blue signal amplitude is increased. The
DC voltages are derived from resistive dividers and
are fixed at pins 3 (a3) and 7 (b3).
Pins 2 and 6 are controlled by the Control uPC. The
voltages at pins 1 and 4 are controlled by outputs
from IC2Y01. The outputs of IC2Y01 are in turn
controlled by the Main SDA line from the Control
uPC.
The Gamma circuitry is in IC2H00, refer to Figure
7-6. Basically it compensates for the difference in
the CRTs phosphor efficiency. The red and green
phosphor characteristics are relatively close. However, at high brightness levels the blue phosphor light
output is less than the red and green. This results in
yellowish cast in bright white areas of the picture.
The purpose of the other inputs shown in Figure 7-6
are:
• Pins 14 and 15 -- used to clamp the RGB
input signals.
• Pin 17 -- sets the DC level of the RGB
output signals.
• Pins 8, 9 and 10 -- sets the overall gain of
each respective Voltage Controlled Amplifier
(VCA).
The circuitry in IC2H00 increases the amplitude of
the blue signal at high brightness levels, so its light
output matches the red and green. The DC voltages
The RGB signals from IC2H00 are directed to Blanking Insertion circuitry.
Gamma Circuitry
Page 7-8
This circuitry is also used for
CRT Protection, against loss
of deflection, and by the Spot
Killer circuit. Horizontal
pulses are applied to the base
of Q522, and a Vertical
Sawtooth from the Vertical
Yokes ground return circuit is
applied to base of Q401. The
conduction of the two transistors holds their collector
voltages below the zener
point of D456.
If either transistor stops conducting, its collector voltage
exceeds the zener point and
Q2W62 is driven into conduction, blanking all three
CRTs.
Blanking Insertion & CRT Protect
Video retrace blanking is inserted in the RGB signals
before they are applied to the CRTs. The Blanking
Insertion circuitry is shown in Figure 7-7. The RGB
outputs from the Gamma IC are applied to the base
of their respective Color Amplifiers, Q2W82, Q2W81
and Q2W80.
The base of each amplifier is connected through a
discrete diode to the collector of Q2W62. When
Q2W62 conducts, all three bases are pulled LOW,
shutting of all three RGB amplifiers, which blanks
the CRTs.
Horizontal pulses, from the Horizontal Output Circuitry, and Vertical pulses from pin 7 of the V-OUT
IC, are directed to the base of Q2W62. The pulses
drive Q2W62 into conduction during horizontal and
vertical retrace, blanking the CRT screens.
Spot Killer circuitry momentarily turns ON Q2W62
when the TV is switched OFF, eliminating the momentary spot. When the TV is ON, C2W61, at the
emitter of Q2W61, charges to 9 volts. The base is
also at 9 volts from R2W75.
When the TV is switched OFF, the SW 9V supply is
turned OFF, and the base voltage of Q2W61 drops
to zero. However, the emitter is still positive, due to
the charge on C2W61. Q2W61 conducts until the
capacitor discharges. During this period, Q2W62
conducts, blanking the CRT screens.
The BLK2 output from the Main uPC also connects
to the base of Q2W62, blanking the screens during
channel, and input selection.
The RGB outputs from Q2W82, Q2W81 and
Q2W80, are directed to the RGB Output Amplifiers
on the PCB-CRTs.
Page 7-9
RGB Output Amps & AKB
The RGB Output Amplifier circuitry on all three
PCB-CRTs is the same, except for component nomenclature. Only the Green Output Amplifier is
shown in Figure 7-8. The Red and Blue Amplifiers
are the same circuit configuration, except they receive their respective signal from the PCB-CRT(G),
rather than directly from the PCB-SIGNAL.
Referring to Figure 7-8, the Green video signal is
amplified by Q6G0 and Q6G2. Q6G0 is a common
base configuration, signal is input at the emitter and
output at the collector. This configuration improves
isolation between the input and output circuits.
The second stage, Q6G2, is an emitter follower, applying the Green signal to the Green CRT cathode.
The rest of the circuitry shown on the PCB-CRT(G)
is part of the AKB Circuit.
AKB Circuitry
The AKB circuitry automatically adjusts the CRTs
Cutoff Bias point if CRT characteristics change with
age. To detect a change in CRT characteristics, the
circuitry automatically checks the point at which each
CRT starts to conduct, and compares it to the previous Cutoff setting.
To determine the CRT conduction starting point, an
AKB pulse is inserted in each of the Red, Green and
Blue video signals, refer to Figure 7-9. The pulses
are inserted in the RGB Output Buffers in the VCJ.
The AKB pulses are inserted during the Vertical
Blanking Interval (VBI) of each signal, one pulse per
field. The AKB pulses are approximately the width
of one horizontal line. One pulse is generated for
each color. The three pulses occur in sequence, on
three successive horizontal lines.
Page 7-10
During the VBI, all three
CRTs are cutoff by the blanking pulse. The AKB pulse
drives the CRT to conduction.
At the point of conduction the
Current Detector, Q6G1, conducts. The resulting pulse
from Q6G1 is applied to the
base of Q6G3.
All three of the Current Detectors, Red, Green and Blue,
connect to the base of Q6G3.
During the AKB period there
are three pulses in sequence
applied to Q6G3. Each pulse
denotes the turn on point of
its' respective CRT.
The AKB pulses from Q6G3
are fed back to pin 27 of the
VCJ. The pulses are compared to the CRTs previous
Cutoff point, and the circuitry automatically readjusts the cutoff point if a change has occurred.
If a problem occurs in the AKB, or Color Output
circuitry it is difficult to determine which circuit is at
fault. Typical symptoms can include:
• A bright white raster that can exceed beam
current limits, causing the set to shut down.
• No raster
• Delayed raster when first turned on.
Note: Similar symptoms can be caused by improperly adjusted Screen Controls. Accurately setting
the CRT Cutoff Adjustments is critical for proper
operation and performance. Refer to the Service
Manual to perform the procedure.
Disabling the AKB loop helps simplify troubleshooting.
Opening the AKB Loop
Figure 7-9 illustrates how to disable the AKB circuitry.
1) Remove power from the TV
2) Disconnect pin 27 of the VCJ
3) Short pins 19, 21 and 25 of the VCJ together
and connect a Variable DC Supply to these
pins.
4) Set the DC Supply for 4.2 Volts.
5) Reapply power to the TV
The DC supply inversely effects brightness, increasing the supply reduces brightness, and decreasing the
supply increases brightness. With the set in this condition, the Output Amplifiers can be checked. Also
the AKB pulses can be checked, both from the VCJ,
and from the Current Detectors.
Page 7-11
On-Screen-Display Signal Path
On-Screen Displays inserted into the main picture
by the VCJ, IC2V00, can be sourced from two different circuits as shown in Figure 7-10.
• IC800, Convergence Generator--Generates
the Convergence Crosshatch used in the
Customer's Advanced Convergence Adjustment and the servicer accessed Convergence
Adjustment Mode.
• IC700, Control Microprocessor--Generates
all other OSD graphics including all Menus,
Closed Captioning and other informational
displays.
The Red, Green and Blue signals output from the
two sources are combined within the OR gates internal to IC703 to form the RGB signals applied to
the VCJ.
Blanking signals, used to time OSD insertion, are
combined separately before being sent to the VCJ.
The Half Tone signal, discussed earlier in this section, is generated by the Control uPC, IC700.
Page 7-12
Section 9
Audio Circuitry
Overall Audio Signal Path
The Audio Signal Path in the VZ7 chassis is shown
in Figure 9-1. The same IC used to select the Video
source is used to select the Audio source, IC2K01.
TV Tuner Audio is demodulated and the Stereo/SAP
signals are decoded by IC3A01. External Audio Inputs 1, 2 and 3, are on the rear of the set. The External 4 inputs are on the front of the TV. Audio Outputs are also located on rear of the set.
The selected sound source is output from pins 52,
and 54, of IC2K01 to IC3A01, the same IC used for
audio demodulation and Stereo/SAP decoding. User
sound adjustments such as Volume, Treble and Bass
are performed in the this IC, controlled by the Main
SDA line from the uPC Control Circuitry.
The outputs at pin 6, and pin 47 of IC3A01, are directed over two paths:
1) To the Power Amplifiers in IC301, and then
to the Speakers, and
2) back to IC2K01 at pins 29 and 31.
The sound signals applied to the Audio Output Jacks
(Monitor Outputs), are output at pins 43 and 45 of
IC2K01. The user has the option of selecting fixed
or variable (adjustable) level signals for the Monitor
Outputs. If fixed level is selected, the signals from
pins 43 and 45 are the same as those output at pins
52 and 54. If variable level is selected, the signals
from pins 29 and 31, are output at pins 43 and 45.
Page 9-1
Page 9-2