APRILIA Pegaso 650 I.E. Technical data

PEGASO 650 I.E.
use+maintenancebook
aprilia part# 8104312
© 2001 aprilia s.p.a. - Noale (VE)
3!&%49 7!2.).'3
The following precautionary warnings are
used throughout this manual in order to
convey the following messages:
warning. When you find this
aSafety
symbol on the vehicle or in the
manual, be careful to the potential risk
of personal injury. Non-compliance with
the indications given in the messages
preceded by this symbol may result in
grave risks for your and other people’s
safety and for the vehicle!
First edition: february 2001
Reprint: january 2002, february 2002,
november 2002, may 2003
aWARNING
Indicates a potential hazard which may
result in serious injury or even death.
aCAUTION
Produced and printed by:
editing division
Soave (VERONA) - Italy
Tel. +39 - 045 76 11 911
Fax +39 - 045 76 12 241
E-mail: customer@stp.it
www.stp.it
On behalf of:
aprilia s.p.a.
via G. Galilei, 1 - 30033 Noale (VE) - Italy
Tel. +39 - 041 58 29 111
Fax +39 - 041 44 10 54
www.aprilia.com
2
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
Indicates a potential hazard which may
result in minor personal injury or damage to the vehicle.
NOTE The word “NOTE” in this manual
precedes important information or instructions.
4%#(.)#!, ).&/2-!4)/.
★
The operations preceded by this
symbol must be repeated also on
the opposite side of the vehicle.
If not expressly indicated otherwise, for the
reassembly of the units repeat the disassembly operations in reverse order.
The terms “right” and “left” are referred to
the rider seated on the vehicle in the normal riding position.
7!2.).'3 02%#!54)/.3 '%.%2!, !$6)#%
Before starting the engine, carefully read
this manual and in particular the section
“SAFE DRIVE”.
Your and other people’s safety depends
not only on your quickness of reflexes and
on your agility, but also on what you know
about the vehicle, on its efficiency and on
your knowledge of the basic information for
“SAFE DRIVE”. Therefore, get a thorough
knowledge of the vehicle, in such a way as
to be able to drive in the traffic safely.
NOTE Keep a stock of one bulb per type
with the vehicle (see technical data).
NOTE This manual must be considered
as an integral part of the vehicle and must
always accompany it, even in case of resale.
aprilia has carried out this manual with the
maximum attention, in order to supply the
user with correct and updated information.
However, since aprilia constantly improves the design of its products, there
may be slight discrepancies between the
characteristics of your vehicle and those
described in this manual. For any clarification concerning the information contained
in this manual, do not hesitate to contact
your aprilia Official Dealer.
For control and repair operations not expressly described in this publication, for the
purchase of aprilia genuine spare parts,
accessories and other products, as well as
for specific advice, contact exclusively
aprilia Official Dealers and Service Centers, which guarantee prompt and accurate
assistance.
Thank you for choosing aprilia. We wish
you a nice ride.
All rights as to electronic storage, reproduction and total or partial adaptation, with
any means, are reserved for all Countries.
NOTE In
some countries the antipollution and noise regulations in force require
periodical inspections.
The user of the vehicle in these countries
must:
– contact an aprilia Official Dealer to have
the non-homologated components replaced with others homologated for use
in the country in question;
– carry out the required periodical inspections.
NOTE Soon
after purchasing the vehicle, write down the identification data indicated on the SPARE PARTS IDENTIFICATION LABEL in the table here below. This
label is positioned on the left side of the
saddle support; to read it, it is necessary to
remove the saddle, see p. 21 (UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
These data indicate:
– YEAR = year of manufacture (Y, 1, 2, ...);
– I.M. = modification code (A, B, C, ...);
– COUNTRY CODES = homologation country (I, UK, A, ...).
and are to be supplied to the aprilia Official
Dealer as reference data for the purchase
of spare parts or specific accessories of
the model you have acquired.
In this manual the various versions are indicated by the following symbols:
e automatic light switching version
(Automatic Switch-on Device)
m optional
TIBET version
coolant expansion version
o catalytic version
VERSION:
I Italy
S Singapore
U United King-
s Slovenia
a Austria
i Israel
p Portugal
¬ South Korea
F Finland
M Malaysia
B
c Chile
dom
Belgium
d Germany
H Croatia
f France
A Australia
E Spain
u United States of
G Greece
Ä Brazil
O Holland
R South Africa
Y Switzerland
n New Zealand
D Denmark
C Canada
America
J Japan
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3
4!",% /& #/.4%.43
SAFE DRIVE ............................................................. 5
BASIC SAFETY RULES ...................................... 6
CLOTHING .......................................................... 9
ACCESSORIES ................................................. 10
LOAD ................................................................. 10
ARRANGEMENT OF THE MAIN ELEMENTS ....... 12
ARRANGEMENT OF THE
INSTRUMENTS/CONTROLS .................................. 14
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS ....................... 15
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS TABLE ..... 16
MAIN INDEPENDENT CONTROLS ........................ 18
CONTROLS ON THE LEFT PART OF
THE HANDLEBAR ............................................. 18
CONTROLS ON THE RIGHT PART
OF THE HANDLEBAR ....................................... 19
IGNITION SWITCH ............................................ 20
STEERING LOCK .............................................. 21
AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT ....................................... 21
UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE ............. 21
GLOVE/TOOL KIT COMPARTMENT ................ 22
ANTI-THEFT HOOK .......................................... 22
REAR LUGGAGE RACK ................................... 22
........................................ 23
SPECIAL TOOLS
ACCESSORIES ................................................. 23
(supplied as standard
SIDE BAGS
equipment in the countries where required) ....... 24
(supplied as standard
REAR CASE
equipment in the countries where required) ....... 26
MAIN COMPONENTS ............................................. 27
FUEL .................................................................. 27
BRAKE FLUID - recommendations .................... 29
DISC BRAKES ................................................... 30
FRONT BRAKE ................................................. 31
REAR BRAKE .................................................... 33
COOLANT .......................................................... 34
TYRES ............................................................... 36
ENGINE OIL ...................................................... 37
CLUTCH ............................................................ 38
ADJUSTING THE REAR BRAKE CONTROL
LEVER CLEARANCE ........................................ 39
AUTOMATIC LIGHT SWITCHING
.................................................... 39
VERSION
m
m
m
e
4
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
o
.........
CATALYTIC EXHAUST SILENCERS
EXHAUST SILENCERS ....................................
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE ....................................
GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE ..........
PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS .....
PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS .....
STARTING ........................................................
DEPARTURE AND DRIVE ...............................
RUNNING-IN .....................................................
STOPPING ........................................................
PARKING ..........................................................
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE
STAND ..............................................................
SUGGESTIONS TO PREVENT THEFT ...........
MAINTENANCE .....................................................
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART ......
IDENTIFICATION DATA ...................................
JOINTS WITH CLICK CLAMPS AND
WITH SCREW CLAMPS ...................................
CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL
AND TOPPING UP ...........................................
CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL AND THE OIL
FILTER ..............................................................
AIR CLEANER ..................................................
FRONT WHEEL ................................................
REAR WHEEL ..................................................
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE
REAR SUPPORT STAND
..........................
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE
FRONT SUPPORT STAND
........................
DRIVE CHAIN ...................................................
REMOVAL OF THE FUEL TANK ......................
REMOVING THE OIL SUMP GUARD ..............
REMOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT SIDES ....
REMOVING THE DRIVE CHAIN
GUARDS ...........................................................
INSTALLING THE SIDE BAG SUPPORTS
(supplied as standard equipment in the
countries where required) .................................
INSTALLING THE REAR CASE SUPPORTS
(supplied as standard equipment in the
countries where required) .................................
CHECKING THE STEERING ............................
CHECKING THE REAR FORK
FULCRUM AXIS ..............................................
m
m
m
m
40
40
40
40
42
43
44
47
50
51
51
52
54
55
56
58
58
59
60
62
64
66
69
69
70
72
73
73
74
74
76
77
77
INSPECTING THE FRONT AND REAR
SUSPENSIONS ................................................ 77
FRONT SUSPENSION ..................................... 77
REAR SUSPENSION ........................................ 78
REAR SUSPENSION WITH HYDRAULIC
.......................... 79
PRELOAD ADJUSTMENT
CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR .............. 80
IDLING ADJUSTMENT ..................................... 81
ADJUSTING THE ACCELERATOR CONTROL 82
ADJUSTING THE COLD START
CONTROL ......................................................... 82
REAR-VIEW MIRRORS .................................... 83
SPARK PLUG ................................................... 84
CHECKING THE STAND .................................. 86
BATTERY .......................................................... 87
CHECKING THE ELECTROLYTE LEVEL ........ 88
CHECKING AND CLEANING THE
TERMINALS ...................................................... 88
REMOVING THE BATTERY ............................. 89
RECHARGING THE BATTERY ........................ 90
INSTALLING THE BATTERY ............................ 90
LONG INACTIVITY OF THE BATTERY ............ 91
CHECKING THE SWITCHES ........................... 91
CHANGING THE FUSES .................................. 92
ADJUSTING THE VERTICAL
HEADLIGHT BEAM ........................................... 93
DASHBOARD LIGHTING .................................. 93
BULBS ............................................................... 94
CHANGING THE HEADLIGHT BULBS ............ 94
CHANGING THE FRONT DIRECTION
INDICATOR BULBS .......................................... 96
CHANGING THE REAR DIRECTION
INDICATOR BULBS .......................................... 96
CHANGING THE REAR LIGHT
BULB ................................................................. 97
CHANGING THE NUMBER PLATE BULB ....... 97
TRANSPORT .......................................................... 98
CLEANING ............................................................. 98
LONG PERIODS OF INACTIVITY .................. 100
TECHNICAL DATA .............................................. 101
LUBRICANT CHART ....................................... 104
Importers .................................................. 106-107
WIRING DIAGRAM - Pegaso 650 I.E. ............ 108
m
safe drive
"!3)# 3!&%49 25,%3
To drive the vehicle it is necessary to be in
possession of all the requirements prescribed by law (driving licence, minimum
age, psychophysical ability, insurance,
state taxes, vehicle registration, number
plate, etc.).
Gradually get to know the vehicle by driving it first in areas with low traffic and/or private areas.
6
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
The use of medicins, alcohol and drugs or
psychotropic substances notably increases
the risk of accidents.
Be sure that you are in good psychophysical conditions and fit for driving and pay
particular attention to physical weariness
and drowsiness.
Most road accidents are caused by the
driver’s lack of experience.
NEVER lend the vehicle to beginners and,
in any case, make sure that the driver has
all the requirements for driving.
Rigorously observe all road signs and national and local road regulations.
Avoid abrupt movements that can be dangerous for yourself and other people (for
example: rearing up on the back wheel,
speeding, etc.), and give due consideration
to the road surface, visibility and other driving conditions.
Avoid obstacles that could damage the vehicle or make you lose control.
Avoid riding in the slipstream created by
preceding vehicles in order to increase
your speed.
Always drive with both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footrests (or
on the rider’s footboards), in the correct
driving posture.
Avoid standing up or stretching your limbs
while driving.
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7
OIL
The driver should pay attention and avoid
distractions caused by people, things and
movements (never smoke, eat, drink, read,
etc.) while driving.
8
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
COOLER
Use only the vehicle’s specific fuels and lubricants indicated in the “LUBRICANT
CHART”; check all oil, fuel and coolant levels regularly.
If the vehicle has been involved in an accident, make sure that no damage has occurred to the control levers, pipes, wires,
braking system and vital parts.
If necessary, have the vehicle inspected by
an aprilia Official Dealer who should carefully check the frame, handlebars, suspensions, safety parts and all the devices that
you cannot check by yourself.
Always remember to report any malfunction to the technicians to help them in their
work.
Never use the vehicle when the amount of
damage it has suffered endangers your
safety.
ONLY ORIGINALS
A12
345
Never change the position, inclination or
colour of: number plate, direction indicators, lights and horns.
Any modification of the vehicle will result in
the invalidity of the guarantee.
Any modification of the vehicle and/or the
removal of original components can compromise vehicle performance levels and
safety or even make it illegal.
We recommend respecting all regulations
and national and local provisions regarding
the equipment of the vehicle.
In particular, avoid all modifications that increase the vehicle’s performance levels or
alter its original characteristics.
Never race with other vehicles.
#,/4().'
Before starting, always wear a correctly
fastened crash helmet. Make sure that it is
homologated, in good shape, of the right
size and that the visor is clean.
Wear protective clothing, preferably in light
and/or reflecting colours. In this way you
will make yourself more visible to the other
drivers, thus notably reducing the risk of
being knocked down, and you will be more
protected in case of fall.
This clothing should be very tight-fitting
and fastened at the wrists and ankles;
strings, belts and ties should not be hanging loose; prevent these and other objects
from interfering with driving by getting entangled with moving parts or driving mechanisms.
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9
Do not keep objects that can be dangerous
in case of fall, for example pointed objects
like keys, pens, glass vials etc. in your
pockets (the same recommendations also
apply to passengers).
10
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
!##%33/2)%3
The owner of the vehicle is responsible for
the choice, installation and use of any accessory.
Avoid installing accessories that cover
horns or lights or that could impair their
functions, limit the suspension stroke and
the steering angle, hamper the operation of
the controls and reduce the distance from
the ground and the angle of inclination in
turns.
Avoid using accessories that hamper access to the controls, since this can prolong
reaction times during an emergency.
Big fairings and windshields installed on
the vehicle may produce aerodynamic forces that affect the stability of the vehicle, especially when riding at high speed.
Make sure that the equipment is well fastened to the vehicle and not dangerous
during driving.
Do not install electrical devices and do not
modify those already existing to avoid electrical overloads, because the vehicle could
suddenly stop or there could be a dangerous current shortage in the horn and in the
lights.
aprilia recommends the use of genuine
accessories (aprilia genuine accessories).
,/!$
Be careful and moderate when loading
your luggage. Keep any luggage loaded as
close as possible to the center of gravity of
the vehicle and distribute the load uniformly on both sides, in order to reduce umbalance to the minimum. Furthermore, make
sure that the load is firmly secured to the
vehicle, especially during long trips.
KG!
Avoid hanging bulky, heavy and/or dangerous objects on the handlebars, mudguards
and forks, because the vehicle might respond more slowly in turns and its manoeuvrability could be unavoidably impaired.
Do not place bags that are too bulky on the
vehicle sides and do not ride with the crash
helmet, because they could hit people or
obstacles, making you lose control of the
vehicle.
Do not carry any bag if it is not tightly secured to the vehicle.
Do not carry bags which protrude too much
from the luggage-rack or which cover the
lights, horn or indicators.
Do not carry animals or children on the
glove compartment or on the luggage rack.
Do not exceed the maximum load allowed
for each side-bag.
When the vehicle is overloaded, its stability
and its manoeuvrability can be compromised.
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11
!22!.'%-%.4 /& 4(% -!). %,%-%.43
+%9
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
Headlight
Ignition switch/steering lock
Left rear-view mirror
Fuel tank filler cap
Fuel tank
Coolant expansion tank cap
Battery
Electronic unit
12
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
Fuse carrier
Passenger grab rail
Glove/tool kit compartment
Rear luggage rack
Rear fork
Passenger left footrest
(snapping, closed/open)
Centre stand m (*)
20) Rear luggage rack m (*)
Side stand
21) Left side bag m (*)
Rider left footrest
(*) = P r o v id e d as s t an d a r d
Shifting lever
equipment in the countries
Not provided
.
where required
Coolant expansion
19A)
. Coolant expansion
15)
16)
17)
18)
19)
+%9
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
Rear light
Passenger grab rail
Saddle lock
Saddle
Rear brake fluid tank
Air cleaner
Rear shock absorber
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
Engine oil level plug-dipstick
Front brake fluid tank
Right rear-view mirror
Horn
Engine oil tank
Idle speed adjusting knob
Engine oil filter
15) Rear brake control lever
20) Drive chain
16) Rider right footrest
21) Right side bag m (supplied
17) Anti-theft hook (for shielded
as standard equipment in
cable “Body-Guard” aprilia
the countries where rem)
quired)
18) Rear brake pump
19) Passenger right footrest
(snapping, closed/open)
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1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
14
Clutch lever
Instruments and indicators
Ignition switch/steering lock (2 - 1 - &)
Front brake lever
Throttle grip
Engine stop switch (2 - 1)
Start push button (+)
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
Light switch (( - ' - •) (not provided for e)
Direction indicator switch (6)
Horn push button (*)
Dimmer switch (8 - 7)
High beam signalling push button (7)
Cold start lever (0)
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1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
Revolution counter
Speedometer
Total kilometres odometer
Coolant temperature indicator ())
Partial kilometres odometer
Odometer trip control
Red engine oil pressure warning light (.)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
Blue high beam warning light (7)
Red diagnostic warning light (û)
Amber low fuel warning light (-)
Green direction indicator warning light (6)
Green neutral indicator warning light (/)
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Description
Direction indicator warning light
High beam warning light
Function
6 Blinks when the direction indicators are on.
7 Comes on when the high beam bulbs are on or when the headlight signaller is operated.
Indicates the number of revolutions of the engine per minute.
Never exceed the engine max. speed rate, see p. 50 (RUNNING-IN).
Revolution counter rpm
Low fuel warning light
Engine oil pressure Warning light
Neutral indicator warning light
Diagnostic warning light
aCAUTION
It comes on when the quantity of fuel still available in the fuel tank is less than 5 L.
In this case, top up as soon as possible, see p. 27 (FUEL).
Comes on whenever the ignition switch is in position “2” and the engine is not running, thus
checking the functionality of the bulb.
If the light does not come on in this phase, contact an aprilia Official Dealer.
.
If the engine oil pressure warning light “.” remains on after the
aCAUTION
start or comes on during the normal operation of the engine, this
means that the engine oil pressure in the circuit is insufficient.
In this case, stop the engine immediately and contact an APRILIA Official Dealer.
/ Comes on when the gear is in neutral.
û
It comes on whenever the ignition switch is positioned on “2” and goes out a few seconds after
the engine start.
Do not carry out any operation on the components of the vehicle
aCAUTION
with the ignition switch in position “2”.
With the engine stop switch in position “1”, it comes on whenever the ignition switch is
positioned on “2” and remains on, with low light intensity, thus checking the correct operation of the injection circuit.
If the light does not come on in this phase, contact an aprilia Official Dealer.
If the diagnostic warning light “û” remains on after the engine
aCAUTION
start or comes on during the normal operation of the engine, this
means that the electronic unit has detected an anomaly. In many cases the engine keeps
running with limited functions; contact an APRILIA Official Dealer immediately.
Follow
16
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
ã
Follow
ã
Description
Function
Speedometer (km/h)
It indicates the driving speed.
Total kilometres odometer
It indicates the total number of kilometres covered.
Coolant temperature indicator
It indicates the approximate temperature of the coolant in the engine.
When the pointer starts moving beyond the “40” level, the temperature is sufficient for driving
the vehicle.
The normal operating temperature appears on the graduated area of the scale.
The switching on and off of the cooling fan does not depend on the
aCAUTION
position of the ignition switch. To lower the coolant temperature,
the cooling fan works even when the engine is off and it is disconnected automatically.
If the maximum allowed temperature is exceeded (red area of the
aCAUTION
)
scale), the engine may be seriously damaged.
If the pointer gets near the red area, stop the engine, wait until the cooling fan is disconnected
and check the coolant level, see p. 34 (COOLANT).
If the pointer reaches the red area, stop the vehicle and let the engine idle for approximately two
minutes, thus permitting the regular circulation of the coolant in the system; then, position the
engine stop switch on “1” and check the coolant level, see p. 34 (COOLANT). If the situation on
the dashboard remains the same after the coolant level has been checked, do not start the vehicle and contact an aprilia Official Dealer.
Partial kilometres odometer
It indicates the partial number of kilometres covered. To set it to zero, use the odometer trip control.
Odometer trip control
Rotate it anticlockwise to set the partial kilometres odometer to zero.
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17
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NOTE The electrical parts work only when the ignition switch
is in position “2”.
1) HORN PUSH BUTTON (*)
The horn is activated when the push button is pressed.
2) DIRECTION INDICATOR SWITCH (6)
To indicate the turn to the left, move the switch to the left; to
indicate the turn to the right, move the switch to the right.
To turn off the direction indicator, press the switch.
3) DIMMER SWITCH (8 - 7)
When the light switch is in position “(”: if the dimmer switch
is in position “7”, the high beam comes on; while if it is in position “8”, the low beam comes on.
3) DIMMER SWITCH (8 - 7) e
When it is in position “8” the parking lights, the dashboard
light and the low beam are always on.
When it is in position “7”, the high beam comes on.
4) HIGH BEAM SIGNALLING PUSH BUTTON (7)
It makes it possible to use the high beam for signalling to
forthcoming vehicles while overtaking and in case of peril
and/or emergency.
The high beam blinking is operated by pressing the push button, independently of the position of the light switch (( - '
- •).
NOTE
To disconnect the high beam blinking, release the push
button.
5) COLD START LEVER (0)
The starter for the cold start of the engine is operated by rotating the lever “0” downwards.
To disconnect the starter, move the lever “0” to its initial position.
18
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
#/.42/,3 /. 4(% 2)'(4 0!24 /& 4(%
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NOTE The electrical parts work only when the ignition switch
is in position “2”.
1) ENGINE STOP SWITCH (2 - 1)
aWARNING
Do not operate the engine stop switch “2 - 1” in running
conditions.
This is a safety or emergency switch.
With the switch pressed in position “2”, it is possible to start
the engine; when the switch is pressed to position “1”, the
engine stops.
aCAUTION
With stopped engine and ignition switch in position “2”, the
battery may discharge.
When the vehicle has come to rest, after stopping the engine, move the ignition switch to position “1”.
2) LIGHT SWITCH (( - ' - •) (not provided for e)
When the light switch is in position “•”, the lights are off; when
the switch is in position “'”, the parking lights and the dashboard light are on; when the switch is in position “(”, the
parking lights, the dashboard light and the low beam are on.
The high beam can be operated by means of the dimmer
switch.
3) START PUSH BUTTON (+)
When the start push button “+” is pressed, the starter makes
the engine run. For the starting, see p. 44 (STARTING).
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19
Position
Steering
lock
)'.)4)/. 37)4#(
The ignition switch (1) is positioned on the
upper plate of the steering column.
NOTE
The key operates the ignition
switch/steering lock, the fuel tank lock (2)
and the saddle lock (3).
Two keys are supplied together with the
vehicle (one spare key).
NOTE
Do not keep the spare key on the
vehicle.
20
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
Function
Key removal
The steer- It is possible
ing is
to remove the
locked. It is key.
neither possible to start
the engine,
nor to switch
on the
lights.
Neither the It is possible
engine, nor to remove the
the lights
key.
can be
switched on.
The engine It is not possiand the
ble to remove
lights can be the key.
switched on.
!58),)!29 %15)0-%.4
34%%2).' ,/#+
aWARNING
Never turn the key to position “&” in
running conditions, in order to avoid
losing control of the vehicle.
OPERATION
To lock the steering:
◆ Turn the handlebar completely leftwards.
◆ Turn the key (1) to position “1”.
◆ Press the key (1) and rotate it to position
“&”.
◆ Withdraw the key (1).
5.,/#+).',/#+).' 4(%
3!$$,%
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Insert the key (1) in the saddle lock (2).
◆ Turn the key (1) clockwise and raise and
remove the saddle.
To lock the saddle:
◆ Position the tangs (3) in the seat, lower
and press the saddle, making the lock
snap.
aWARNING
Before leaving, make sure that the saddle is properly locked.
NOTE Before lowering and locking the
saddle, make sure that you have not left
the key in the glove/tool kit compartment.
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21
',/6%4//, +)4 #/-0!24-%.4
!.4)4(%&4 (//+
To reach the glove/tool kit compartment, proceed as follows:
◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 21 (UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
The anti-theft hook (12) is positioned on
the right side of the vehicle, near the rider
footboard.
To prevent the vehicle from being stolen, it
is advisable to secure it with the shielded
cable “Body-Guard” aprilia m (13), available at the aprilia Official Dealers .
The tool kit (1) includes:
– 3, 4, 5, 6, 8 mm bent hexagon spanners
(2);
– 5. 5 – 7 mm double fork spanner (3);
– 8 – 11 mm double fork spanner (4);
– 10 – 13 mm double fork spanner (5);
– 19 mm simple fork spanner (6);
– 24 mm simple fork spanner (7);
– 18 mm socket spanner for spark plug
(8);
– socket spanner rod (9);
– double-ended, cross-/cut-headed screwdriver (10);
– tool case (11);
Maximum allowed weight: 1.5 kg.
22
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
aWARNING
Do not use the hook to lift the vehicle or
for other purposes, since it has been
designed exclusively to secure the vehicle once it has been parked.
2%!2 ,5''!'% 2!#+
Maximum weight allowed for the rear
luggage rack (14): 9 kg
30%#)!, 4//,3 m
To perform some specific operations, it is
advisable to use the following special tools
(to be requested to an aprilia Official Dealer):
Tool
Operations
Positioning of
Support pins (1) for the rear
support stand, see p. 69 (PO- the vehicle on
SITIONING THE VEHICLE ON the rear stand.
THE REAR SUPPORT
).
STAND
m
Rear support stand (2), see p.
69 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE REAR SUP).
PORT STAND
m
Rear wheel disassembly.
Drive chain
adjustment.
Front support stand (3), see p. Front wheel
69 (POSITIONING THE VEHI- disassembly.
CLE ON THE FRONT SUP).
PORT STAND
m
Washer (4) for front support
Front wheel
stand, see p. 69 (POSITIOdisassembly.
NING THE VEHICLE ON THE
FRONT SUPPORT STAND
).
m
Click clamp (5) installation pliClick clamp iners, see p. 58 (CLICK
stallation.
CLAMPS).
!##%33/2)%3
The vehicle may be equipped with the following accessories (to be requested to the
aprilia Official Dealer):
– side bags m, see p. 24 [SIDE BAGS
m (supplied as standard equipment in
the countries where required)];
– rear case m, see p. 26 [REAR CASE
m (supplied as standard equipment in
the countries where required)];
– centre stand m (supplied as standard
equipment in the countries where required).
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
23
3)$% "!'3 m SUPPLIED AS
STANDARD EQUIPMENT IN THE
COUNTRIES WHERE REQUIRED
Thanks to the use of the side bags it is possible to transport clothes or other objects
even in bad weather, so that they are protected and do not constitute a hindrance or
a risk for the rider.
NOTE
If the side bags are not installed
on the vehicle, before using them it is necessary to install the appropriate supports,
see p. 74 [INSTALLING THE SIDE BAG
SUPPORTS m (supplied as standard
equipment in the countries where required)].
Clean and lubricate the coupling lock on
the bag every 6000 km (3750 mi) or 12
months.
NOTE
The following information refers
to one unit only, but is valid for both.
24
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
To open the side bag, proceed as follows:
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Introduce the key (1) in the lock.
◆ Turn the key (1) anticlockwise.
◆ Extract the key (1) and insert it in the other lock.
◆ Turn the key (1) anticlockwise.
◆ Lift the two parts of the lock (2).
◆ Open the case (3).
Two keys are supplied together with the
vehicle (one spare key).
NOTE
vehicle.
Do not keep the spare key on the
aWARNING
If it is necessary to transport more than
one object, distribute the load uniformly
on the side bags.
Secure the luggage by means of the appropriate elastic belts, in such a way as
to avoid dangerous movements of the
same during the trip.
It is not advisable to use the vehicle
with only one side bag installed.
Do not load the side bags excessively.
Maximum allowed weight: 5 kg (for each
bag).
To remove the side bag, proceed as follows:
◆ Introduce the key (4) in the lock.
◆ Turn the key (4) clockwise and at the
same time move the lower part of the
bag slightly towards the outside (A).
◆ Grasp the bag firmly with both hands, as
indicated in the figure.
◆ Lift the bag (B) slightly and release it (C)
from the appropriate coupling seats (5)
on the bag support.
Two keys are supplied together with the
vehicle (one spare key).
NOTE
Do not keep the spare key on the
vehicle.
aCAUTION
Handle the plastic and painted components with care to avoid scraping or
damaging them.
aWARNING
Upon reassembly, make sure that the
bag is properly anchored to its support.
Upper part: perfect fitting of the bag
coupling pins in the coupling seats provided on the support;
Lower part: perfect fitting of the support
coupling pin in the relevant lock provided on the bag; when the lock snaps, the
coupling is correct.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
25
aWARNING
Do not load the rear case excessively.
Maximum allowed weight: 5 kg.
To remove the rear case, proceed as follows:
◆ Introduce the key (1) in the lock.
◆ Rotate the key (1) clockwise.
◆ Extract the handle (2) and grasp it firmly
with one hand.
◆ Press the appropriate push button (6).
◆ Lift the case (7) and withdraw it from the
relevant front couplings.
2%!2 #!3% m SUPPLIED AS
STANDARD EQUIPMENT IN THE
COUNTRIES WHERE REQUIRED
Thanks to the use of the rear case, you no
longer have to carry the crash helmet or
other bulky objects with you every time you
park the vehicle.
NOTE
Write down your personal data
on the appropriate plate positioned on the
lock.
Clean and lubricate the coupling lock on
the lower part of the case every 6000 km
(3750 mi) or 12 months.
NOTE
If the rear case is not installed on
the vehicle, before using it, it is necessary
to install the appropriate supports, see p.
76 [INSTALLING THE REAR CASE SUPPORTS m (supplied as standard equipment in the countries where required)].
26
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
To open the rear case, proceed as follows:
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Introduce the key (1) in the lock.
◆ Rotate the key (1) clockwise.
◆ Remove the handle (2).
◆ Lift the lock (3).
◆ Release the upper part (4) of the lock (3)
from the case (5).
◆ Lift the upper part of the case to open it
(5).
NOTE The case
“CRASH” helmets.
can
contain
two
Two keys are supplied together with the
vehicle (one spare key).
NOTE
vehicle.
Do not keep the spare key on the
aCAUTION
Handle the plastic and painted components with care to avoid scraping or
damaging them.
aWARNING
Upon reassembly, make sure that the
case is properly anchored to its support.
Front part: perfect fitting of the support
coupling elements into the seats provided on the case;
Rear part: perfect fitting of the support
coupling pin in the relevant lock on the
case; when the lock snaps, the coupling
is correct.
-!). #/-0/.%.43
&5%,
aWARNING
The fuel used for internal combustion
engines is extremely inflammable and
in particular conditions it can become
explosive.
It is important to carry out the refuelling
and the maintenance operations in a
well-ventilated area, with the engine off.
Do not smoke while refuelling or near
fuel vapours, in any case avoid any contact with naked flames, sparks and any
other heat source to prevent the fuel
from catching fire or from exploding.
aWARNING
aWARNING
Further, prevent fuel from flowing out of
the fuel filler, as it could catch fire when
getting in contact with the red-hot surfaces of the engine.
In case some fuel has accidentally been
spilt, make sure that the area has completely dried and before starting the vehicle verify that there is no fuel inside
the fuel filler neck.
Since petrol expands under the heat of
the sun and due to the effects of sun radiation, never fill the tank to the brim.
Screw the plug up carefully after refuelling. Avoid any contact of the fuel with
the skin and the inhalation of vapours;
do not swallow fuel or pour it from a receptacle into another by means of a
tube.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF FUEL IN THE ENVIRONMENT.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
Use only unleaded petrol, in conformity
with the DIN 51 607 standard, min. O.N. 95
(N.O.R.M.) and 85 (N.O.M.M.)
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
27
To refuel, proceed as follows:
◆ Raise the flap (1).
◆ Insert the key (2) in the tank plug lock
(3).
◆ Turn the key clockwise, pull and open
the fuel flap.
FUEL TANK CAPACITY
(reserve included): 21 L
TANK RESERVE: 5 L
aCAUTION
Do not put additives or other substances into the fuel.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
aWARNING
Do not fill the tank completely; the maximum fuel level must remain below the
lower edge of the filler neck (see figure).
aCAUTION
During the refilling operations, be careful to avoid damaging the inner parts of
the tank with the fuel pump.
◆ Refuel.
28
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
After refuelling:
NOTE The cap can be closed only when
the key (2) is inserted.
◆ With inserted key (2), close the cap by
pressing it.
aWARNING
Make sure that the cap is properly
closed.
◆ Withdraw the key (2).
◆ Close the flap (1).
NOTE
aWARNING
aWARNING
This vehicle is provided with front
and rear disc brakes, with separate hydraulic circuits.
Make sure that the brake discs are neither oily nor greasy, especially after
maintenance or checking operations.
The following information refers to a single
braking system, but is valid for both.
Check that the brake cables are neither
twisted nor worn out.
Carefully wash the parts of your body
that get in contact with the liquid. Consult a doctor or an oculist if the liquid
gets in contact with your eyes.
aWARNING
Prevent water or dust from accidentally
getting into the circuit.
"2!+% &,5)$ RECOMMENDATIONS
Sudden resistance or clearance problems on the brake lever may be due to
troubles in the hydraulic system.
For any doubt regarding the perfect
functioning of the braking system and
in case you are not able to carry out the
usual checking operations, contact
your APRILIA Official Dealer.
In case maintenance operations are to
be performed on the hydraulic circuit, it
is advisable to use latex gloves.
If the brake fluid gets in contact with the
skin or the eyes, it can cause serious irritations.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF THE FLUID IN
THE ENVIRONMENT.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
aCAUTION
When using the brake fluid, take care
not to spill it on the plastic or painted
parts, since it can damage them.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
29
$)3# "2!+%3
aWARNING
The brakes are the parts that most ensure your safety and for this reason
they must always be perfectly working;
check them before every trip.
A dirty disc soils the pads, with consequent reduction of the braking efficiency.
Dirty pads must be replaced, while dirty
discs must be cleaned with a high-quality degreaser.
The brake fluid must be changed every
two years by an APRILIA Official Dealer.
Use brake fluid of the type specified in
the lubricant chart, see p. 104 (LUBRICANT CHART).
30
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
NOTE This vehicle is provided with disc
brakes with two, front and rear braking systems having separate hydraulic circuits.
The front braking system is with single disc
(left side).
The rear braking system is with single disc
(left side).
The following information refers to a single
braking system, but is valid for both.
When the disc pads wear out, the level of
the fluid decreases to automatically compensate for their wear.
The front brake fluid tank is positioned on
the right part of the handlebar, near the
front brake lever coupling.
The rear brake reservoir is positioned on
the right side of the vehicle, near the rear
brake control lever.
NOTE Carry out the maintenance operations halving the intervals indicated, if the
vehicle is used in rainy or dusty areas or on
uneven surfaces.
Have the brake discs checked by an aprilia Official Dealer after the first 1000 km
(625mi) and successively every 6000 km
(3750 mi).
Before departure, check the brake fluid level in the reservoirs, see p. 31 (FRONT
BRAKE), p. 33 (REAR BRAKE), and the
wear of the pads, see p. 80 (CHECKING
THE BRAKE PAD WEAR).
Have the brake fluid changed every two
years by an aprilia Official Dealer.
aWARNING
Do not use the vehicle if the braking
system leaks fluid.
&2/.4 "2!+%
CHECK
◆ Keep the vehicle in vertical position and
turn the handlebar, so that the fluid contained in the tank is parallel to the brake
fluid tank cover.
◆ Make sure that the fluid level exceeds
the “MIN” mark.
MIN= minimum level
If the fluid does not reach at least the “MIN”
mark:
aCAUTION
When the disc pads wear out, the level
of the fluid decreases progressively to
compensate for their wear.
◆ Check the brake pad wear, see p. 80
(CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR)
and the disc wear.
If the pads and/or the disc do not need replacing, provide for topping up.
TOPPING UP
Carefully read p. 29 (BRAKE FLUID recommendations).
aCAUTION
The brake fluid may flow out of the tank.
Do not operate the front brake lever if
the screws (1) and (2) are loose or, most
important, if the brake fluid tank cover
has been removed.
aWARNING
Avoid any prolonged exposure of the
brake fluid to the air.
The brake fluid is hygroscopic and
when in contact with the air it absorbs
its humidity.
Leave the brake fluid tank open ONLY
for the time necessary for topping up.
aCAUTION
Position a cloth under the brake reservoir, in case some fluid should be
spilled.
◆ Keep the vehicle in vertical position and
turn the handlebar, so that the fluid contained in the tank is parallel to the brake
fluid tank cover.
◆ Unscrew the screw (1), using a short,
cross-tip screwdriver.
◆ Unscrew the screw (2).
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
31
◆ Raise and remove the cover (3) together
with the screws (1) and (2).
◆ Remove the gasket (4).
aCAUTION
In order not to spill the brake fluid while
topping up, do not shake the vehicle.
Do not put additives or other subtances
into the fluid.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
NOTE
In order to reach the “MAX” level,
top up until covering the glass (5) completely, with the brake fluid reservoir rim parallel
to the ground.
◆ Top up the reservoir (6) by adding brake
fluid, see p. 104 (LUBRICANT CHART),
until reaching the correct level.
32
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
aCAUTION
Do not exceed the “MAX” level while
topping up.
It is advisable to top up until reaching
the “MAX” level only with new pads.
Do not reach the “MAX” level with worn
out pads, since this will cause a fluid
outflow when the pads are changed.
◆ Put back the gasket (4) in its seat cor-
rectly.
◆ Put back the cover (3).
◆ Screw and tighten the screw (2).
◆ Screw and tighten the screw (1).
aWARNING
Check the braking efficiency.
In case of excessive stroke of the brake
lever or reduced efficiency of the braking system, contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer, since it may be necessary to
bleed the system.
aCAUTION
2%!2 "2!+%
CHECK
◆ Remove the right side panel, see p. 73
(REMOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT
SIDES).
◆ Keep the vehicle in vertical position.
◆ Make sure that the fluid level exceeds
the “MIN” mark.
MIN= minimum level
MAX= maximum level
If the fluid does not reach at least the “MIN”
mark:
aCAUTION
When the disc pads wear out, the level
of the fluid decreases progressively to
compensate for their wear.
◆ Check the brake pad wear, see p. 80
(CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR)
and the disc wear.
If the pads and/or the disc do not need replacing, provide for topping up.
TOPPING UP
Carefully read p. 29 (BRAKE FLUID recommendations).
aCAUTION
The brake fluid may flow out of the tank.
Do not pull the rear brake lever if the
brake fluid tank cover has been removed.
aWARNING
Avoid any prolonged exposure of the
brake fluid to the air.
The brake fluid is hygroscopic and
when in contact with the air it absorbs
its humidity.
Leave the brake fluid tank open ONLY
for the time necessary for topping up.
In order not to spill the brake fluid while
topping up, keep the fluid in the tank
parallel to the tank rim (in horizontal position).
Do not put additives or other subtances
into the fluid.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
◆ Fill the tank (3) with brake fluid, see p.
104 (LUBRICANT CHART), until reaching the correct level between the “MIN”
and “MAX” marks.
aCAUTION
It is advisable to top up until reaching
the “MAX” level only with new pads.
Do not reach the “MAX” level with worn
out pads, since this will cause a fluid
outflow when the pads are changed.
Check the braking efficiency.
In case of excessive stroke of the brake
lever or reduced efficiency of the braking system, contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer, since it may be necessary to
bleed the system.
◆ Unscrew and remove the plug (1).
◆ Remove the gasket (2).
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
33
#//,!.4
aCAUTION
Do not use the vehicle if the coolant is
below the minimum prescribed level
“MIN”.
NOTE
Carry out the maintenance operations halving the intervals indicated, if the
vehicle is used in rainy or dusty areas or on
uneven surfaces.
Before departure, check the coolant level,
see p. 35 (CHECKING AND TOPPING
UP); have the coolant changed every two
years: for this operation, contact an aprilia
Official Dealer.
aWARNING
The coolant is noxious: do not swallow
it; if the coolant gets in contact with the
skin or the eyes, it can cause serious irritations.
If the fluid gets in contact with your skin
or eyes, rinse with plenty of water and
consult a doctor. If it is swallowed, induce vomit, rinse mouth and throat with
plenty of water and consult a doctor
without delay.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF THE FLUID IN
THE ENVIRONMENT.
34
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
aWARNING
Be careful not to spill the coolant on the
red-hot parts of the engine: it may catch
fire and send out invisible flames.
In case any maintenance operation
should be required, it is advisable to
use latex gloves.
aCAUTION
Have the pads changed by your APRILIA
Official Dealer.
The coolant is composed of 50% water and
50% antifreeze.
This mixture is ideal for most running temperatures and ensures good protection
against corrosion.
It is advisable to keep the same mixture
also in the hot season, since in this way
losses due to evaporation are reduced and
it is not necessary to top up very frequently.
The mineral salt deposits left in the radiator
by evaporated water are thus reduced and
the efficiency of the cooling system remains unchanged.
If the outdoor temperature is below 0°,
check the cooling circuit frequently and if
necessary increase the antifreeze concentration (up to maximum 60%).
For the cooling solution use distilled water,
in order not to damage the engine.
aWARNING
Do not remove the expansion tank plug
(1) when the engine is hot, since the
coolant is under pressure and its temperature is high.
If it gets in contact with the skin or with
clothes it may cause severe burns
and/or damage.
CHECKING AND TOPPING UP
aWARNING
Check the coolant level and top up the
expansion tank with cold engine.
◆ Stop the engine and wait until it has
cooled down.
◆ Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with
the two wheels resting on the ground.
◆ Not provided
. Make sure that
the level of the fluid contained in the expansion tank (2) is included between the
“MAX” and “MIN” marks.
MAX= maximum level
MIN= minimum level
◆
. The level is correct when the oil
almost reaches the “MAX” mark.
If not, proceed as follows:
◆ Unscrew and remove the filling cap (1).
aWARNING
The coolant is noxious: do not swallow
it; if the coolant gets in contact with the
skin or the eyes, it can cause serious irritations.
Do not use your fingers or any other object to check if there is enough coolant.
aCAUTION
Do not put additives or other subtances
into the fluid.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
◆ Top up the expansion tank by adding
coola nt, see p. 104 (LU BR ICA NT
CHART), until this almost reaches the
“MAX” level. Do not exceed this level,
otherwise the fluid will flow out while the
engine is running.
◆ Put back the filling cap (1).
aCAUTION
In case of excessive consumption of
coolant and in case the tank remains
empty, make sure that there are no
leaks in the circuit. Have it repaired by
an APRILIA Official Dealer.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
35
492%3
There are several kinds of wear indicators. For more information on how to
check the wear, contact your Dealer.
Visually check if the tyres are worn and
in this case have them changed.
This vehicle is provided with tyres with
tube.
NOTE
Carry out the maintenance operations halving the intervals indicated, if the
vehicle is used in rainy or dusty areas or on
uneven surfaces.
Change the tyre when it is worn out or
in case of puncture on the tread side, if
the puncture is larger than 5 mm.
After repairing a tyre, have the wheels
balanced.
aWARNING
Check the inflation pressure at room
temperature every two weeks.
Check the conditions of the tyres and
the inflation pressure at room temperature every 1000 km (625 mi), see p. 101
(TECHNICAL DATA).
aWARNING
Periodically check the tyre inflation
pressure at room temperature, see p.
101 (TECHNICAL DATA).
If the tyres are hot, the measurement is
not correct.
Carry out the measurement especially
before and after long rides.
If the inflation pressure is too high, the
ground unevenness cannot be dampened and is therefore transmitted to the
handlebar, thus compromising the driving comfort and reducing the road holding during turns.
36
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
aWARNING
If, on the contrary, the inflation pressure
is too low, the tyre sides (1) are under
greater stress and the tyre itself may
slip on the rim or it may become loose,
with consequent loss of control of the
vehicle.
In case of sudden braking the tyres
could even come off the rims.
Further, the vehicle could skid while
turning.
aWARNING
Check the surface and the wear of the
tyres, since tyres in bad conditions can
impair both the grip and the controllability of the vehicle.
Some types of tyres homologated for
this vehicle are provided with wear indicators.
The tyres must be replaced with other
tyres of the type and model recommended by the manufacturer, see p. 101
(TECHNICAL DATA); the use of tyres
different from those prescribed may adversely affect the manoeuvrability of the
vehicle.
Do not install tyres with air tube on rims
for tubeless tyres and viceversa.
Make sure that the inflation valves (2)
always have their sealing caps on, to
prevent the tyres from suddenly going
flat.
Change, repair, maintenance and balancing operations are very important
and therefore they must be performed
by qualified technicians with appropriate tools.
%.').% /),
aWARNING
Engine oil may cause serious damage
to the skin if handled daily and for long
periods.
Wash your hands carefully after use.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF THE OIL IN THE
ENVIRONMENT.
aWARNING
For this reason, it is advisable to have
the above mentioned operations carried
out by an APRILIA Official Dealer or by a
qualified tyre repairer.
If the tyres are new, they may still be
covered with a slippery film: drive carefully for the first miles. Do not oil the
tyres with unsuitable fluids. If the tyres
are old, even if not completely worn out,
they may become hard and may not ensure good road holding.
In this case, replace them.
MINIMUM TREAD DEPTH LIMIT (3):
front and rear 2 mm and in any case not
less than prescribed by the regulations in
force in the country where the vehicle is
used.
Put it in a sealed container and take it to
the filling station where you usually buy
it or to an oil salvage center.
In case any maintenance operation
should be required, it is advisable to
use latex gloves.
aCAUTION
If the engine oil pressure warning light
“.” comes on during the normal operation of the engine, this means that the
engine oil pressure in the circuit is insufficient.
In this case, check the engine oil level,
see p. 59 (CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL
LEVEL AND TOPPING UP); if the level
isn’t correct, stop the engine immediately and contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer.
aCAUTION
Proceed with care.
Do not spill the oil!
Take care not to smear any component,
the area in which you are working and
the surrounding area. Carefully remove
any trace of oil.
In case of leakages or malfunctions,
contact an APRILIA Official Dealer.
Periodically check the engine oil level, see
p. 59 (CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP).
For the engine oil change, see p. 56 (REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART)
and p. 60 (CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL
AND THE OIL FILTER).
NOTE Use high-quality 5W – 40 oil, see
p. 104 (LUBRICANT CHART).
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
37
#,54#(
ADJUSTING THE CLUTCH
Adjust the clutch after the first 1000 km
(625 mi) and successively every 6000 km
(3750 mi) and when the engine stops or
the vehicle (with pulled clutch lever and
gears on) tends to move forward, or if the
clutch slips, causing a delay in the acceleration with respect to the engine rpm.
38
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
For the adjustment, proceed as follows:
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Withdraw the protection element (1).
◆ Loosen the lock nut (2).
◆ Rotate the adjuster (3), until the idle
stroke of the clutch lever is about 10
mm.
◆ Tighten the lock nut (2) and check the
adjustment again.
◆ Start the engine, see p. 44 (STARTING).
◆ Pull the clutch control lever completely
and engage the 1st gear.
Make sure that the engine does not stop,
that the vehicle does not tend to move forward, or that the clutch does not slip during
the acceleration phase or while the vehicle
is running.
aWARNING
If it is not possible to obtain a correct
adjustment or if the clutch does not
function properly, contact your APRILIA
Official Dealer.
aCAUTION
Make sure that the clutch control cable
is intact: the inner cable and outer sheat
must not be worn or flattened at any
point.
!$*534).' 4(% 2%!2 "2!+%
#/.42/, ,%6%2 #,%!2!.#%
The brake control lever is positioned ergonomically during the assembly of the vehicle.
If necessary, it is possible to adjust the
brake control lever clearance:
◆ Loosen the lock nut (1).
◆ Screw the brake adjuster (2) completely.
◆ Screw the lock nut (3) completely on the
pump control rod (4).
◆ Screw the pump control rod (4) completely, then unscrew it by giving 3 – 4
turns.
◆ Screw the brake adjuster (2) until the
brake pedal reaches the desired height.
◆ Lock the brake adjuster (2) by means of
the lock nut (1).
◆ Unscrew the pump control rod (4) and
bring it in contact with the pump piston.
◆ Screw the rod in order to ensure a mini-
mum clearance of 0.5 – 1 mm between
the pump control rod (4) and the pump
piston.
aCAUTION
Make sure that there is a certain idle
stroke in the movement of the lever (5),
to prevent the brake from remaining applied and the consequent untimely wear
of the braking elements.
Lever (5) idle stroke: 4 mm (measured at
the lever end).
◆ Lock the pump control rod (4) by means
of the lock nut (3).
aCAUTION
If necessary, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer.
!54/-!4)# ,)'(4 37)4#().'
6%23)/. e
The vehicles provided with this device can
be immediately recognized, since the lights
come automatically on as soon as the ignition switch is turned to position “2”.
For this reason, no light switch is provided.
The lights can be switched off only by turning the ignition switch to position “1”.
Before starting the vehicle, make sure that
the dimmer switch is in position “8” (front
low beam).
After the adjustment, make sure that the
wheel rotates freely with released
brake.
Check the braking efficiency.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
39
aCAUTION
).3425#4)/.3 &/2 53%
Do not use leaded petrol, since it causes the destruction of the catalytic converter.
%8(!534 3),%.#%23
aWARNING
Tampering with the noise control system is prohibited.
#!4!,94)# %8(!534 3),%.#%23
o
NOTE
The following information refers
to a single exhaust silencer, but is valid for
both.
aWARNING
Avoid parking the vehicle catalytic version near dry brush wood or in places
easily accessible to children, as the catalytic silencer becomes extremely hot
during use; be very careful and avoid
any kind of contact before it has completely cooled down.
The catalytic vehicle is fitted with a silencer
with metal catalytic converter of the “platinum-rhodium bivalent” type.
This device provides for the oxidation of
the CO (carbon monoxide) and of the HC
(unburned hydrocarbons) contained in the
exhaust gases, changing them into carbon
dioxide and steam, respectively.
40
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
Owners are warned that the law may prohibit:
– the removal or rendering inoperative by
any person, other than for purposes of
maintenance, repair or replacement, of
any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle – for the purpose of noise control – prior to its sale or
delivery to the ultimate purchaser or
while it is in use;
– the use of the vehicle after such device
or element of design has been removed
or rendered inoperative by any person.
Check the exhaust silencer and the silencer
pipes, making sure that there are neither
signs of rust, nor holes and that the exhaust
system works effectively.
If the noise produced by the exhaust system
increases, immediately contact your aprilia
Official Dealer.
'%44).' /. !.$ /&& 4(%
6%()#,%
The instructions below must be followed
with the maximum care in order to avoid
any injury to persons and damage to property and to the vehicle, caused by the falling of the rider or the passenger from the
vehicle and/or the falling or overturning of
the vehicle itself.
aWARNING
Risk of falling and overturning.
Proceed with care.
The operations and movements required to
get on and off the vehicle must be performed with complete freedom of movement and with the hands free from obstruction caused by holding objects, the helmet,
gloves or glasses.
The vehicle is provided with two stands:
centre stand and side stand.
aCAUTION
Do not start the engine with the vehicle
positioned on the centre stand. Engaging the gears may make you lose control of the vehicle.
Do not get on or let the passenger get
on the vehicle if this is positioned on
the centre stand.
It is forbidden to position the vehicle on
the centre stand while seated astride
the vehicle in riding position.
Get on and off the vehicle only from the left
side and always with extended side stand.
aCAUTION
Do not apply the load of your weight or
of the passenger’s weight onto the side
stand.
The stand has been designed to support
the weight of the vehicle and a minimum
load, without the rider and the passenger.
Getting on the vehicle into the riding position with extended side stand is permitted
only for the purpose of preventing the vehicle from falling or overturning and does not
envision the loading of the weight of the
rider and passenger onto the side stand.
While getting on and off, the weight of the
vehicle may cause an unbalance and the
consequent loss of equilibrium, and the vehicle may fall or overturn.
NOTE The rider must always be the first
person to get on the vehicle and the last to
get off and it is the rider who controls the
balance and stability of the vehicle when
the passenger gets on and off.
When getting on and off the vehicle, the
passenger must make careful movements,
in order to maintain the balance of the vehicle and the rider.
NOTE The rider is responsible for instructing the passenger how to safely get
on and off the vehicle.
The vehicle is equipped with special passenger footrests to make it easier to get on
and off the vehicle. The passenger must always use the left footrest to get on and off
the vehicle.
Neither get off, nor try to get off the vehicle
by jumping or stretching your leg down to
the ground. In both cases this would compromise the stability and balance of the vehicle.
NOTE Bags or objects strapped to the
rear of the vehicle can represent an obstacle while getting on and off.
In any case, perform a controlled movement with your right leg, which must avoid
striking and safely pass the rear part of the
fairing or the luggage without creating unbalance.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
41
◆ Incline the vehicle until the stand rests
GETTING ON THE VEHICLE
◆ Grasp the handlebar correctly and get on
the vehicle without loading your weight
onto the side stand.
on the ground.
◆ Grasp the handlebar correctly and get off
the vehicle.
◆ Rotate the handlebar completely left-
NOTE
If it is impossible for you to place
both feet on the ground, place the right foot
on the ground (in case of unbalance, the
left side of the vehicle is prevented from
falling over by the side stand) and keep the
left foot ready to rest on the ground.
wards.
◆ Lift the passenger footrests.
aCAUTION
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
◆ Place both feet on the ground and
straighten the vehicle into riding position
while keeping it in balance.
NOTE
The rider must not extract or attempt to extract the passenger footrest
while seated astride the vehicle, because
this might compromise the stability and balance of the vehicle.
◆ Have the passenger extract the two pas-
senger footrests.
◆ Instruct the passenger how to safely get
on the vehicle.
◆ Kick the side stand completely back us-
ing your left foot.
GETTING OFF THE VEHICLE
◆ Choose a suitable parking area, see p.
51 (PARKING).
◆ Stop the vehicle, see p. 51 (STOPPING).
aWARNING
Make sure that the parking surface is
free from obstacles, firm and flat.
42
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
◆ With the left shoe heel, extend the side
stand completely by acting on the appropriate lever.
NOTE If it is impossible for you to place
both feet on the ground, place the right foot
on the ground (in case of unbalance, the
left side of the vehicle is prevented from
falling over by the side stand) and keep the
left foot ready to rest on the ground.
◆ Place both feet on the ground, keeping
the vehicle in balance in riding position.
◆ Instruct the passenger how to safely get
off the vehicle.
aCAUTION
Risk of falling and overturning.
Make sure that the passenger has got
off the vehicle.
Do not load your weight onto the side
stand.
02%,)-).!29 #(%#+).'
/0%2!4)/.3
aWARNING
Before departure, always carry out a
preliminary checking of the vehicle to
make sure that it functions correctly
and safely, see the following table (PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS).
The non-performance of these checking
operations can cause severe personal
injuries or damages to the vehicle.
Do not hesitate to consult your aprilia Official Dealer in case there is something you
do not understand about the functioning of
some controls or in case you suspect or
discover some irregularities.
It does not take long to carry out a checkup and this operation ensures you much
more safety.
02%,)-).!29 #(%#+).' /0%2!4)/.3
Component
Front and rear disc
brakes
Accelerator
Engine oil
Check and/or top up if necessary.
Wheel/tyres
Brake levers
Clutch
Steering
Side stand and
centre stand
(supplied as
standard equipment
in the countries
where required)
m
Fastening elements
Drive chain
Fuel tank
Coolant
Check
Check the functioning, the idle stroke of the control levers, the fluid level and make
sure there are no leaks.
Check the wear of the pads.
If necessary, top up the fluid tank.
Make sure that it works smoothly and that it is possible to open and close it completely, in all steering positions. If necessary, adjust and/or lubricate it.
Check the tyre surface, the inflation pressure, wear and tear and any damage.
Remove any foreign matter that may be stuck in the tread grooves.
Make sure that they work smoothly.
Lubricate the articulations and adjust the stroke if necessary.
The idle stroke at the end of the clutch lever must be approximately 10 mm; the clutch
must work without jerking and/or slipping.
Make sure that the steering rotates smoothly, without any clearance or slackening.
Make sure that it operates correctly. Make sure that when the stand is let up or down
there is no friction and that the spring tension brings it back to its normal position.
If necessary, lubricate joints and hinges.
Make sure that the safety switch operates correctly.
Make sure that the fastening elements are not loose. If necessary, adjust or tighten
them.
Check the slack.
Check the fuel level and top up, if necessary.
Check the circuit for leaks.
Make sure that the fuel cap is correctly closed.
The coolant level in the expansion tank must be included between thmax e “MAX”
and “MIN” marks.
Engine stop switch
Make sure that it operates correctly.
(2 - 1)
Lights, warning lights
LED, horn, rear
Check the proper functioning of the acoustic and visual devices. Change the bulbs or
brake light switch
intervene in case of failure.
end electric devices
Page
29 (BRAKE FLUID - recommendations), 30
(DISC BRAKES), 31 (FRONT BRAKE), 33
(REAR BRAKE), 80 (CHECKING THE
BRAKE PAD WEAR)
82 (ADJUSTING THE ACCELERATOR
CONTROL)
37 (ENGINE OIL), 59 (CHECKING THE
ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP)
36 (TYRES)
39 (ADJUSTING THE REAR BRAKE
CONTROL LEVER CLEARANCE)
38 (CLUTCH)
–
86 (CHECKING THE STAND), 91
(CHECKING THE SWITCHES)
–
70 (DRIVE CHAIN)
27 (FUEL)
34 (COOLANT), 35 (CHECKING AND
TOPPING UP)
19 [ENGINE STOP SWITCH (
2 - 1)]
87 (BATTERY) – 97 (CHANGING THE
NUMBER PLATE BULB)
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
43
34!24).'
aWARNING
Do not position any object inside the
front part of the fairing (between the
handlebar and the dashboard), in order
not to hinder the rotation of the handlebar and visibility toward the dashboard.
NOTE
Before starting the engine, carefully read chapter “safe drive”, see p. 5
(SAFE DRIVE).
aWARNING
Exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, which is extremely noxious if inhaled.
Avoid starting the engine in closed or
badly-ventilated rooms.
The non-observance of this warning
may cause loss of consciousness or
even lead to death by asphyxia.
44
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
NOTE With the side stand down, the engine can be started only if the gears are in
neutral; in this case, if you try to engage
the gears, the engine stops.
With the side stand up, it is possible to start
the engine either in neutral gear or with engaged gears and pulled in clutch lever.
◆ Get on the vehicle in riding position, see
p. 40 (GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE).
◆ Make sure that the stand is completely
up.
◆ Not provided for e. Make sure that
the light switch (1) is in position “•”.
◆ Make sure that the dimmer switch (2) is
in position “8”.
◆ Move the engine stop switch (3) to position “2”.
◆ Rotate the key (4) and move the ignition
switch to position “2”.
At this point the following lights come on
on the dashboard:
– the engine oil pressure warning light
“.” (5) (which will remain on until the
engine is started);
– the diagnostic warning light “û” (6)
(which will remain on for a few seconds
after the engine start).
The fuel pump will pressurize the fuel supply circuit, sending out a hum for about
three seconds.
aCAUTION
If the low fuel warning light “-” (7)
comes on on the dashboard, provide for
topping up as soon as possible, see p.
27 (FUEL).
◆ Operate the front brake lever completely.
◆ Pull the clutch lever (8) completely and
shift the gearbox lever (9) into neutral
[green warning light “/” (10) on].
NOTE
If the room temperature is low
(near to or lower than 0°C), see p. 46
(STARTING WITH COLD ENGINE).
aCAUTION
To avoid excessive consumption of the
battery, do not keep the start push button “+” pressed for more than fifteen
seconds.
If the engine does not start in this lapse
of time, wait ten seconds and press the
start push button “+” again.
◆ Press the start push button “+” (11) with-
out accelerating and release it as soon
as the engine starts.
aCAUTION
Avoid pressing the start push button
“+” (11) when the engine is running,
since you may damage the starter.
If the engine oil pressure warning light
“.” (5) remains on, or if it comes on
during the normal operation of the engine, this means that the oil pressure in
the circuit is insufficient.
In this case, stop the engine immediately and contact an APRILIA Official Dealer.
◆ Keep at least one brake lever pulled and
aCAUTION
Never leave abruptly with cold engine.
To reduce the emission of polluting
substances and the consumption of fuel, warm the engine up by proceeding at
low speed for the first miles.
aCAUTION
If the diagnostic warning light “û” (6)
comes on on the dashboard during the
normal operation of the engine, this
means that the electronic unit has detected an anomaly.
In many cases the engine keeps running with limited functions; contact an
APRILIA Official Dealer immediately.
do not accelerate until you start.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
45
STARTING WITH COLD ENGINE
When the room temperature is low (about
0°C), it may be difficult to start the engine
at the first attempt.
In this case:
◆ Rotate the cold start lever “0” (12) downwards.
◆ Insist for at least ten seconds with the
start push button “+” (11) pressed and at
the same time moderately rotate the
throttle grip (13).
46
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
If the engine starts.
◆ Release the start push button “+” (11)
and the throttle grip (13).
◆ Rotate the cold start lever “0” (12) up-
wards.
◆ If the idling is unstable, twist the throttle
grip (13) slightly and frequently.
If the engine does not start.
Wait a few seconds and repeat the cold
START PROCEDURE.
$%0!2452% !.$ $2)6%
aWARNING
Do not position any object inside the
front part of the fairing (between the handlebar and the dashboard), in order not
to hinder the rotation of the handlebar
and visibility toward the dashboard.
NOTE Before departure, carefully read
the “safe drive” chapter, see p. 5 (SAFE
DRIVE).
aCAUTION
If the low fuel warning light “-” (1) positioned on the dashboard comes on
while the vehicle is running, this means
that 5 L of fuel are still available in the
tank.
Provide for topping up as soon as possible, see p. 27 (FUEL).
aWARNING
If you drive without passenger, make
sure that the passenger footrests are
folded.
While riding, keep your hands on the
grips and your feet on the footrests.
NEVER RIDE IN ANY POSITION OTHER
THAN THOSE INDICATED.
aWARNING
If you drive with a passenger, instruct
him/her so that he/she does not create
problems during manouvres.
Before leaving, make sure that the
stand is completely up.
To leave:
◆ Start the engine, see p. 44 (STARTING).
◆ Adjust the inclination of the rear-view
mirrors correctly, see p. 83 (REAR-VIEW
MIRRORS).
aCAUTION
With the vehicle at rest, try to get acquainted with the use of the rear-view
mirrors. The reflecting surface is convex, therefore the objects seem to be
farther away than they actually are.
These mirrors offer a “wide-angle” view
and only experience will allow you to
evaluate the distance of the following
vehicles correctly.
◆ With released throttle grip (2) (Pos.A)
and engine idling, pull the clutch lever (3)
completely.
◆ Engage the first gear, by pushing the
gear lever (4) downwards.
◆ Release the brake lever (pulled on the
starting).
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
47
aCAUTION
If the engine oil pressure warning light
“.” (5) comes on during the normal
operation of the engine, this means that
the engine oil pressure in the circuit is
insufficient.
In this case, stop the engine immediately and contact an APRILIA Official Dealer.
aWARNING
aCAUTION
On departure, the abrupt release of the
clutch lever may cause the engine to
stall or the vehicle to jerk forwards.
Never exceed the recommended rpm,
see p. 50 (RUNNING-IN).
Never accelerate abruptly or excessively when releasing the clutch lever, in order to prevent the clutch from “slipping” (slow release) or the front wheel
from raising “rearing up” (quick release).
the throttle grip (2) (Pos.B), without exceeding the recommended rpm, see p.
50 (RUNNING-IN).
◆ Slowly release the clutch lever (3) and at
the same time accelerate by slightly turning the throttle grip (2) (Pos.B).
The vehicle will start moving.
◆ Ride at reduced speed for the first miles,
in order to warm the engine up.
48
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
◆ Increase the speed by gradually rotating
To engage the second gear:
aCAUTION
Proceed quickly.
Never ride the vehicle at too low rpm.
◆ Release the throttle grip (2) (Pos.A), pull
the clutch lever (3) and lift the shifting lever (4). Release the clutch lever (3) and
accelerate.
◆ Repeat the last two operations and shift
up.
The downshifting should be carried out
in the following situations:
◆ When riding downhill or when braking, in
order to increase the braking action by
using the compression of the engine.
◆ When riding uphill, if the gear engaged is
not suitable to the speed (high gear,
moderate speed) and the engine rpm decreases.
aCAUTION
Shift the gears one by one; the simultaneous downshifting of more than one
gear may make you exceed the maximum rpm (red line).
Before and during the downshifting, release the throttle grip and decelerate, in
order to avoid the “red line”.
If the situation on the dashboard remains the same after the coolant level
has been checked, do not start the vehicle and contact an APRILIA Official Dealer.
Do not position the ignition key on “1”,
since the cooling fan would stop independently of the coolant temperature
and in this case the temperature would
increase even further.
To shift down, proceed as follows:
◆ Release the throttle grip (2) (Pos.A).
◆ If necessary, pull the brake levers moderately and decrease the speed of the
vehicle.
◆ Pull the clutch lever (3) and lower the
shifting lever (4) to shift down.
◆ If the brake levers are pulled, release
them.
◆ Release the clutch lever and accelerate
moderately.
aCAUTION
If the pointer on the coolant temperature
indicator indicates a temperature over
120 °C, stop the vehicle and let the engine idle for approximately two minutes,
thus permitting the regular circulation
of the coolant in the system; at this
point, position the engine stop switch
on “1” and check the coolant level, see
p. 34 (COOLANT).
If the diagnostic warning light “û”
comes on on the dashboard during the
normal operation of the engine, this
means that the electronic unit has detected an anomaly.
In many cases the engine keeps running with limited functions; contact an
APRILIA Official Dealer immediately.
To avoid the overheating of the clutch,
keep the engine running with vehicle at
rest, engaged gears and pulled clutch
lever for the shortest possible time.
aWARNING
Avoid opening and closing the throttle
grip repeatedly and continuously, so
that you do not accidentally lose control
of the vehicle. If you have to brake,
close the throttle and put on both
brakes in order to obtain uniform deceleration, properly exerting pressure on
the braking parts.
By putting on the front brake only or the
rear brake only, you reduce the braking
force considerably, thus running the
risk of locking one wheel and consequently losing grip.
If you stop uphill, decelerate completely
and use the brakes only to keep the vehicle steady.
The use of the engine to keep the vehicle steady may cause the overheating of
the clutch.
Before beginning to turn, slow down or
brake driving at moderate and constant
speed or accelerating slightly; avoid
braking at the last moment: it would be
very easy to skid.
If the brakes are operated continuously
on downhill stretches, the friction surfaces may overheat, thus reducing the
braking efficiency. Exploit the engine
compression and shift down by putting
on both brakes intermittently.
Never drive downhill with the engine
off!
When visibility is insufficient, switch on
the low beam even during the day, in order to make your vehicle more visible.
In case of wet ground or scarce wheel
grip (snow, ice, mud, etc.), drive slowly,
avoiding sudden brakings or manoeuvres that could make you lose grip and
fall down.
aWARNING
Pay the utmost attention to any obstacle or variation of the ground.
Uneven roads, rails, manhole covers,
indications painted on the road surface,
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
49
building site metal plates become rather
slippery by rain. For this reason all
these obstacles have to be carefully
avoided, driving smoothly and leaning
the vehicle as little as possible.
Always use the turn indicators in time
when you intend to change lane or direction, avoiding sharp and dangerous
movements.
Switch off the direction indicators as
soon as you have changed direction.
Be extremely careful when you overtake
other vehicles or are overtaken.
In case of rain, the water cloud created
by big vehicles reduces visibility; the
air shift may make you lose control of
the vehicle.
25..).').
The running-in of the engine is essential to
ensure its duration and correct functioning.
If possible, drive on hilly roads and/or
roads with many bends, so that the engine,
the suspensions and the brakes undergo a
more effective running-in.
During running-in, change speed.
In this way the components are first “loaded” and then “relieved” and the engine
parts can thus cool down.
Even if it is important to stress the engine
components during running-in, take care
not to exceed.
NOTE Only after the first 2000 km (1250
mi) of running-in you can expect the best
performance levels from the vehicle.
Keep to the following indications:
◆ Do not open the throttle completely if the
speed is low, both during and after the
running-in.
◆ During the first 500 km (312 mi) put on
the brakes with caution, avoiding sharp
and prolonged brakings. This ensures a
correct bedding-in of the pads on the
brake disc.
◆ During the first 500 km (312 mi) never
exceed 4000 rpm.
◆ When the total number of km covered by
the vehicle is included between 500 km
(312 mi) and 1000 km (625 mi), never
exceed 5000 rpm.
50
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
aWARNING
After the first 1000 km (625 mi), have an
APRILIA Official Dealer carry out the
checks indicated in the column “After
running-in” of the regular service intervals chart, see p. 56 (REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART), in order to
avoid hurting yourself or other people
and/or damaging the vehicle.
◆ Between the first 1000 (625 mi) and
2000 km (1250 mi) drive more briskly,
change speed and use the maximum acceleration only for a few seconds, in order to ensure better coupling of the components); never exceed 5500 rpm (see
table).
◆ After the first 2000 km (1250 mi) you can
expect better performance from the engine, however, without exceeding the
maximum allowed (6250 rpm).
Engine maximum rpm recommended
Mileage km (mi)
rpm
0 – 500 (0 – 312)
4000
500 – 1000 (312 – 625)
5000
1000 – 2000 (625 – 1250)
5500
over 2000 (1250)
6250
34/00).'
aWARNING
If possible, avoid stopping abruptly,
slowing down suddenly and braking at
the last moment.
◆ Release the throttle grip (1) (Pos.A),
gradually put on the brakes and at the
same time shift down in order to decrease the speed, see p. 47 (DEPARTURE AND DRIVE).
Once the speed has decreased, before
stopping the vehicle:
◆ Pull the clutch lever (2) in order to prevent the stopping of the engine.
When the vehicle has come to rest:
◆ Shift the gear lever to neutral (green
warning light “/” on).
◆ Release the clutch lever (2).
◆ In case of a brief stop, keep at least one
aWARNING
0!2+).'
It is very important to choose a suitable
parking area, respecting the road signs and
the indications given below.
The fall or excessive inclination of the
vehicle may cause the fuel to flow out of
the tank.
aWARNING
The fuel used for internal combustion
engines is extremely inflammable and
in particular conditions it can become
explosive.
Park the vehicle on firm and flat ground,
to prevent it from falling down.
Neither lean the vehicle against walls,
nor lay it on the ground.
Make sure that the vehicle and especially its red-hot parts do not represent a
danger for persons and children. Do not
leave the vehicle unattended when the
engine is on or the key is inserted into
the ignition switch.
Do not get too near the cooling fan even
if it is not in operation, since it may start
and parts of clothes, hair, etc. may get
entangled in it.
aCAUTION
Do not apply the load of your weight or
of the passenger’s weight onto the side
stand.
To park the vehicle:
◆ Choose a suitable parking area.
◆ Stop the vehicle, see p. 51 (STOPPING).
◆ Move the engine stop switch (3) to position “1”.
◆ Rotate the key (4) and move the ignition
switch (5) to position “1”.
brake on.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
51
aWARNING
When getting on or off the vehicle, keep
to the instructions given, see p. 40
(GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE).
◆ Following the indications, wait until the
passenger has got off the vehicle before
dismounting.
◆ Lock the steering, see p. 21 (STEERING
LOCK) and extract the key.
aWARNING
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
0/3)4)/.).' 4(% 6%()#,% /.
4(% 34!.$
SIDE STAND
To place the vehicle on the side stand
while seated astride the vehicle, see p. 40
(GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE).
If any manoeuvre (for example, moving the
vehicle) required the lifting of the stand, to
place the vehicle on the stand again, proceed as follows:
aWARNING
Make sure that the parking surface is
free from obstacles, firm and flat.
◆ Choose a suitable parking area, see p.
51 (PARKING).
◆ Grasp the left grip (1) and the handle (2).
52
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
◆ Press the side stand with your right foot
and extend it completely (3).
◆ Incline the vehicle until the stand rests
on the ground.
◆ Steer the handlebar completely left-
wards.
aWARNING
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
CENTRE STAND m (supplied as
standard equipment in the countries
where required)
NOTE Do not let the side stand touch
the ground. Keep the vehicle in vertical position.
aWARNING
◆ Press the side stand with your right foot
It is forbidden to position the vehicle on
the centre stand while seated astride
the vehicle in riding position.
◆ Push down the lever (4) (Pos.A) of the
aWARNING
aCAUTION
Make sure that the parking surface is
free from obstacles, firm and flat.
◆ Choose a suitable parking area, see p.
51 (PARKING).
◆ Grasp the left grip (1) and the handle (2).
aCAUTION
and extend it completely (3).
centre stand and make it rest on the
ground.
◆ Load your weight on the lever (4)
(Pos.B) of the centre stand and at the
same time move your centre of gravity
towards the rear part of the (Pos.C) vehicle.
aWARNING
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
◆ Let the side stand up.
Proceed with care.
The positioning of the vehicle on the
centre stand may be difficult, since the
vehicle is very heavy. Release the grip
(1) and the handle (2) only after positioning the vehicle on the stand.
The lowering of the side stand is suggested, for safety reasons, in order to
prevent the vehicle from falling down or
overturning in case of unbalance.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
53
35''%34)/.3 4/ 02%6%.4
4(%&4
NEVER leave the ignition key (1) inserted
and always use the steering lock “&”.
Park the vehicle in a safe place, possibly in
a garage or a protected place.
When possible, use an additional anti-theft
device.
Make sure that all documents are in order
and the road tax has been paid.
Write down your personal data and telephone number in this page, to facilitate the
identification of the owner in case of finding
after theft.
SURNAME: ...............................................
NAME: ......................................................
ADDRESS: ...............................................
...................................................................
TELEPHONE NO.: ...................................
NOTE Very often stolen vehicles are
identified thanks to the data written in the
use/maintenance manual.
54
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
-!).4%.!.#%
aCAUTION
If not expressly indicated otherwise, for
the reassembly of the units repeat the
disassembly operations in reverse order.
In case any maintenance operation
should be required, it is advisable to
use latex gloves.
Carefully read p. 2 (SAFETY WARNINGS), (TECHNICAL INFORMATION)
and (WARNINGS - PRECAUTIONS GENERAL ADVICE).
aWARNING
Risk of fire.
Keep fuel and other flammable substances away from the electrical components.
Before beginning any maintenance operation or any inspection of the vehicle,
stop the engine, extract the key from
the ignition block, wait until the engine
and the exhaust system have cooled
down and if possible lift the vehicle by
means of the proper equipment, on firm
and flat ground.
aWARNING
Before proceeding, make sure that the
room in which you are working is properly ventilated.
Keep away from the red-hot parts of the
engine and of the exhaust system, in order to avoid burns.
Do not hold any mechanical piece or
other parts of the vehicle with your
mouth: the components are not edible
and some of them are noxious or even
toxic.
Routine maintenance operations can usually be carried out by the user, but sometimes specific tools and specific technical
skills may be required.
In case periodic maintenance operations,
assistance or technical advice are needed,
contact an aprilia Official Dealer, who will
ensure you prompt and accurate servicing.
Ask your aprilia Official Dealer to test the
vehicle on the road after a repair or periodic maintenance operation.
In any case, personally carry out the “Preliminary checking operations” after any
maintenance operation, see p. 43 (PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS).
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
55
2%'5,!2 3%26)#% ).4%26!,3
#(!24
OPERATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT BY
THE APRILIA Official Dealer (WHICH
CAN BE CARRIED OUT EVEN BY THE
USER).
Key
= check and clean, adjust, lubricate or
change, if necessary;
= clean;
= change;
= adjust.
NOTE
Carry out the maintenance operations halving the intervals indicated, if the
vehicle is used in rainy or dusty areas or on
uneven surfaces.
(*) = Check every two weeks or according
to the intervals indicated.
(**) = m (provided as standard equipment in the countries where required).
CO = carbon monoxide.
Component
Battery – Terminal fastening –
Electrolyte level
Spark plug
Air cleaner
Engine oil filter
Engine oil filter (on oil tank)
Fork
Light operation/direction
Light system
Safety switches
Brake fluid
Coolant
Engine oil
Side bag coupling pins (**)
Tyres
Tyre pressure (*)
Engine idling rpm and CO
Securing locks for the side bags and the
rear case (**)
Diagnostic warning light
Engine oil pressure Warning light
Flexible couplings
Drive chain tension and lubrication
Brake pad wear
Flexible coupling wear and flexible coupling unit slack
56
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
After runEvery 6000 Every 12000
ning-in [1000 km (3750 mi) km (7500 mi)
km (625 mi)] or 12 months or 24 months
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(*)
every 1000 km (625 mi): every 1000 km (625 mi): –
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
at every start: at every start: upon each final transmission change : every 500 km (375 mi): before every trip and every
2000 km (1250 mi): –
–
OPERATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT BY
THE APRILIA Official Dealer
Key
= check and clean, adjust, lubricate or
change, if necessary;
= clean;
= change;
= adjust.
NOTE Carry out the maintenance operations halving the intervals indicated, if the
vehicle is used in rainy or dusty areas or on
uneven surfaces.
CO = carbon monoxide.
Component
Rear shock absorber
Battery – Terminal fastening
Carburation, CO adjustment
Timing chain
Transmission cables and controls
Wheel centering
Rear suspension linkage bearings
Steering bearings and steering clearance
Wheel bearings
Brake discs
Fuel pump filter
General running of the vehicle
Clutch clearance
Adjusting the valve clearance
Braking systems
Cooling system
Brake fluid
Coolant
Fork oil
Fork oil seals
Brake pads
Wheel/Tyres
Nut, bolt, screw tightening
Suspensions and attitude
Spoke tension
Final transmission (chain, crown and pinion)
Fuel pipes
Clutch wear
After running- Every 6000 km
in [1000 km
(3750 mi)
(625 mi)]
or 12 months
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Every 12000
km (7500 mi)
or 24 months
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
every 15000 km (9375 mi): –
–
–
–
–
every 2 years: every 12000 km (7500 mi): after the first 30000 km (18750 mi) and
successively every 22500 km (14000 mi):
if worn:
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
every 4 years:
–
–
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
57
*/).43 7)4( #,)#+ #,!-03 !.$
7)4( 3#2%7 #,!-03
aCAUTION
Remove ONLY the clamps indicated in
the maintenance procedures.
This text is not to be intended as an authorization to arbitrarily remove the
clamps present on the vehicle.
aWARNING
)$%.4)&)#!4)/. $!4!
It is a good rule to write down the frame
and engine numbers in the space provided
in this manual.
The frame number can be used for the purchase of spare parts.
NOTE
Do not alter the identification
numbers if you do not want to incur severe
penal and administrative sanctions. In particular, the alteration of the frame number
results in the immediate invalidity of the
guarantee.
FRAME NUMBER
The frame number (1) is stamped on the
right side of the steering column.
Frame no.
ENGINE NUMBER
The engine number (2) is stamped on the
rear part of the engine, near the pinion.
Engine no.
58
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
Before removing a clamp, make sure
that the removal does not involve any
fluid leakage; if so, provide for preventing such leakages and protect the components positioned near the joint.
CLICK CLAMPS
For the removal it is sufficient to use simple
pliers, while for the installation it is necessary to use a special tool (see below).
Before removing a clamp, prepare the material necessary for the correct reassembly.
NOTE Have the appropriate special tool
m to hand:
– clamp installation pliers, see p. 23 (SPECIAL TOOLS m).
aCAUTION
Upon installation, replace the click
clamp that has been removed with a
new one having the same dimensions,
to be requested to an APRILIA Official
Dealer.
Do not attempt to reinstall the removed
click clamp, since it is unusable.
Do not replace the removed click clamp
with a screw clamp or with other types
of clamp.
aCAUTION
Proceed with care, in order not to damage the joint components.
◆ Work with the pliers on the head of the
click clamp, forcing until you release it.
SCREW CLAMPS
For the removal and installation it is sufficient to use a simple screwdriver.
aCAUTION
Check the conditions of the clamp and
if necessary replace it with a new one of
the same type and dimensions, to be requested to an APRILIA Official Dealer.
When fastening the clamp, make sure
that the joint is sufficiently stable.
#(%#+).' 4(% %.').% /),
,%6%, !.$ 4/00).' 50
◆ Stop the engine, see p. 51 (STOPPING).
◆ Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with
Carefully read p. 37 (ENGINE OIL) and p.
55 (MAINTENANCE).
Periodically check the engine oil level,
change the oil after the first 1000 km (625
mi) and successively every 6000 km (3750
mi) or 12 months, see p. 60 (CHANGING
THE ENGINE OIL AND THE OIL FILTER).
◆ Insert the plug-dipstick (1) completely in
the two wheels resting on the ground.
For the check, proceed as follows:
NOTE To warm the engine and have the
engine oil reach the operating temperature,
do not let the engine idle with the vehicle at
rest. According to the correct procedure, it
is advisable to carry out the check after a
trip of after covering approximately 15 km
(10 mi) on a road outside town (this is sufficient for the engine oil to reach the operating temperature).
the inlet hole (2), without screwing it.
◆ Extract the plug-dipstick (1) again and
read the oil level on the dipstick:
MAX = maximum level
MIN = minimum level.
The difference between “MAX” and “MIN”
amounts to approximately 300 cm#.
◆ The level is correct when the oil almost
reaches the “MAX” mark.
aCAUTION
If necessary, top up the engine oil by
proceeding as follows:
aCAUTION
Do not put additives or other substances into the oil.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
NOTE Use high-quality 5W – 40 oil, see
p. 104 (LUBRICANT CHART).
◆ After extracting the plug-dipstick (1), top
up the tank through the inlet hole (2) until
reaching the correct level, see p. 104
(LUBRICANT CHART).
Never exceed the “MAX” mark, nor
leave the oil below the “MIN” mark, in
order to avoid serious damage to the
engine.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
59
#(!.').' 4(% %.').% /), !.$
4(% /), &),4%2
aCAUTION
The engine oil and the oil filter change
operations may be difficult for unskilled
operators.
If necessary, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer.
If you want to perform these operations
personally, keep to the following instructions.
Carefully read p. 37 (ENGINE OIL) and p.
55 (MAINTENANCE).
Periodically check the engine oil level, see
p. 59 (CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP) change the oil after
the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively
every 6000 km (3750 mi) or 12 months.
aCAUTION
If the vehicle is used in dusty areas,
change the oil more frequently.
aWARNING
When warmed up, the engine contains
hot oil; therefore, while carrying out the
operations described here below be
particularly careful, in order to avoid
burns.
60
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
To change, proceed as follows:
NOTE To warm the engine and have the
engine oil reach the operating temperature,
do not let the engine idle with the vehicle at
rest. According to the correct procedure, it
is advisable to carry out the check after a
trip of after covering approximately 15 km
(10 mi) on a road outside town (this is sufficient for the engine oil to reach the operating temperature).
◆ Stop the engine, see p. 51 (STOPPING).
◆ Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with
the two wheels resting on the ground.
◆ Remove the oil sump guard, see p. 73
(REMOVING THE OIL SUMP GUARD).
◆ Position a container (1) with more than
2500 cm# capacity in correspondence
with the drain plug (2) positioned on the
tank.
◆ Unscrew and remove the drain plug (2)
positioned on the tank.
◆ Unscrew and remove the plug-dipstick
(3).
◆ Drain the oil and let it drip into the con-
tainer (1) for a few minutes.
◆ Check and if necessary replace the seal-
ing washer of the drain plug (2) positioned on the tank.
◆ Screw and tighten the drain plug (2) on
the tank.
Drain plug (2) driving torque: 22 Nm (2.2
kgm).
◆ Move the container (1) and position it under the engine base, in correspondence
with the drain plug positioned on the engine (4).
◆ Unscrew and remove the drain plug positioned on the engine (4).
◆ Drain the oil and let it drip into the container (1) for a few minutes.
aCAUTION
Do not dispose of the oil in the environment. Put it in a sealed container and
take it to the filling station where you
usually buy it or to an oil salvage center.
◆ Remove the metal residues from the
drain plug (4) magnet.
◆ Screw and tighten the drain plug (4).
Driving torque of the drain plug (4) positioned on the engine: 40 Nm (4.0 kgm).
◆ Clean the parts dirty with oil with a cloth.
CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL FILTER
Change the engine oil filter after the
first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively
every 6000 km (3750 mi) or 12 months
(on each engine oil change).
◆ Unscrew the two screws (5) and remove
the cover (6).
◆ Remove the engine oil filter (7).
aCAUTION
Do not use filters that have already
been used.
◆ Spread an oil film on the sealing ring (8)
of the new engine oil filter.
◆ Fit the new engine oil filter.
◆ Put back the cover (6), screw and tighten
the two screws (5).
CLEANING THE ENGINE OIL FILTER ON
THE TANK
Clean the engine oil filter (9) on the tank
after the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively every 12000 km (7500 mi) (or
every two engine oil changes).
◆ Remove the fuel tank, see p. 72 (REMOVAL OF THE FUEL TANK).
NOTE Have the appropriate special tool
m to hand:
– clamp installation pliers, see p. 23 (SPECIAL TOOLS m).
aCAUTION
Upon installation, replace the click
clamp that has been removed with a
new one having the same dimensions,
to be requested to an APRILIA Official
Dealer.
Do not attempt to reinstall the removed
click clamp, since it is unusable.
Do not replace the removed click clamp
with a screw clamp (10) or with other
types of clamp.
◆ Release the click clamp (11).
◆ Disconnect the pipe (12).
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
61
◆ Pull the engine oil filter (9) and clean it
with a jet of compressed air.
◆ Check the seal of the engine oil filter (9)
positioned on the tank; screw and tighten
it.
Engine oil filter (9) driving torque: 35
Nm (3.5 kgm).
◆ Connect the pipe (12) and install a new
click clamp.
aCAUTION
Do not put additives or other substances into the oil.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
NOTE Use high-quality 5W – 40 oil, see
p. 104 (LUBRICANT CHART).
◆ Pour about 1600 cm# of engine oil
through the filling opening (13), see p.
104 (LUBRICANT CHART).
62
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
◆ Screw the plug-dipstick (3).
◆ Put back the fuel tank, see p. 72 (RE-
MOVAL OF THE FUEL TANK).
◆ Put back the oil sump guard, see p. 73
(REMOVING THE OIL SUMP GUARD).
◆ Start the engine, see p. 44 (STARTING)
and let it idle for about one minute, in order to ensure the filling up of the engine
oil circuit.
◆ Check the oil level and top up if necessary, see p. 59 (CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP).
!)2 #,%!.%2
Check the air cleaner every 6000 km (3750
mi) or 12 months, change it every 12000 km
(7500 mi) or more frequently if the vehicle is
used on dusty or wet roads.
It is possible to clean the air cleaner partially
after using the vehicle on this kind of roads.
aCAUTION
The partial cleaning of the filter does not
exclude or postpone the replacement of
the filter itself. Do not start the engine if
the air cleaner has been removed. Do not
clean the filtering element with petrol or
solvents, since they may cause a fire in
the fuel supply system, with serious danger for the persons in the vicinity and for
the vehicle.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF POLLUTING SUBSTANCES OR COMPONENTS IN THE
ENVIRONMENT.
REMOVAL
◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 21 (UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
◆ Rotate the air conveyor (1) clockwise,
then lift and remove it.
◆ Check the conditions of the gasket (2)
and change it if it is damaged.
◆ Extract the air cleaner (3).
aCAUTION
Plug the opening with a clean cloth, in
order to prevent any foreign matter to
get ito the suction ducts.
Make sure that the filtering element is
positioned correctly, in such a way as
to prevent non-filtered air from entering.
Remember that the untimely wear of the
piston segments and the cylinder may
be caused by a faulty or uncorrectly positioned filtering element.
PARTIAL CLEANING
CHANGING
aCAUTION
aCAUTION
Do not press or strike the metal net of
the air cleaner (3).
Do not use screwdrivers or alike.
Do not use filters that have already
been used.
◆ Seize the air cleaner (3) vertically and
strike it more than once on a clean surface.
◆ If necessary, clean the air cleaner (3)
with a compressed air jet (directing it
from the inside towards the outside of
the filter).
◆ Replace the air cleaner (3) with a new
one of the same type.
◆ Put back the saddle, see p. 21 (UNLOCK-
ING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
◆ Every 6000 km (3750 mi) or 12 months,
remove the plug (4). Empty its content
into a container and deliver it to a salvage
centre.
aCAUTION
When cleaning the filtering element,
make sure that there are no tears.
Otherwise, change the filtering element.
◆ Clean the outer part of the air cleaner (3)
with a clean cloth.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
63
&2/.4 7(%%,
aCAUTION
The disassembly and reassembly of the
front wheel may be difficult for unskilled
operators.
If necessary, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer.
If you want to perform these operations
personally, keep to the following instructions.
Carefully read p. 55 (MAINTENANCE).
While disassembling and reassembling
the wheel, be careful not to damage the
brake pipes, the disc and the pads.
aWARNING
Riding with damaged rims may be dangerous for the rider, other persons and
the vehicle.
Check the conditions of the wheel rim
and change it if it is damaged.
NOTE Weight
without driver (ready for
starting): 200 kg.
DISASSEMBLY
◆ Position the vehicle on the appropriate
front support stand, see p. 69 (POSIT IO N IN G TH E V E H I C LE O N T H E
FRONT SUPPORT STAND m).
64
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
◆ Put a support (1) under the tyre, in such
a way as to keep the wheel in its position
after loosening it.
aCAUTION
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
◆ Partially unscrew the two wheel pin
clamp screws (2) (right side).
◆ Unscrew the wheel pin (3) completely.
NOTE To
facilitate the extraction of the
wheel pin, slightly raise the wheel.
◆ Support the front wheel and manually
withdraw the wheel pin (3).
◆ Take the left spacer ring (4) (left side).
NOTE Upon removal, check the position
of the tachometer/odometer transmission
cable, since this will be useful for the reassembly.
◆ Remove
the speedometer/odometer
control (5) from the wheel seat.
NOTE Remove
the wheel, withdrawing
the disc from the brake caliper with care.
◆ Remove the wheel by withdrawing it from
the front.
aCAUTION
Never pull the front brake lever after removing the wheel, otherwise the caliper
pistons may go out of their seats, thus
causing the outflow of the brake fluid. In
this case consult your APRILIA Official
Dealer, who will carry out the proper
maintenance operation.
aCAUTION
Proceed with care while inserting the
disc in the brake caliper.
aWARNING
Danger of injury. Do not introduce your
fingers to align the holes.
◆ Move the wheel until its central hole and
the holes on the fork are aligned.
◆ Position the spacer ring (4) between the
wheel hub and the fork left rod.
◆ Introduce the wheel pin (3) completely
REASSEMBLY
◆ Spread a film of lubricating grease on the
whole length of the wheel pin (3), grease
the inside of the speedometer/odometer
control (5), see p. 104 (LUBRICANT
CHART).
◆ Position the tang of the speedometer/odometer control (5) in the appropriate seat of the wheel hub.
◆ Position the odometer control seat correctly, in correspondence with the special antirotation pin (6).
aCAUTION
While reassembling the wheel, be careful not to damage the brake pipes, discs
and pads.
◆ Position the wheel between the fork rods
on the support (1).
from the right side and tighten it.
wheel pin driving torque (3): 80 Nm (8
kgm).
◆ Remove the support (1) that upon disas-
sembly was put under the tyre.
aWARNING
Due to the weight and dimensions of
the vehicle, the following operation
must be performed by two persons.
NOTE Weight
without driver (ready for
starting): 200 kg.
◆ With pulled front brake lever, press the
handlebar repeatedly, thrusting the fork
downwards. In this way the fork rods will
settle properly.
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Tighten the two wheel pin clamp screws
(2) (right side).
Wheel pin clamp screw driving torque
(2): 12 Nm (1.2 kgm).
◆ Make sure that the following components
are not dirty:
– tyre;
– wheel;
– brake discs.
aWARNING
After reassembly, pull the front brake lever repeatedly and check the correct
functioning of the braking system.
Have the driving torques, centering and
balancing of the wheel checked by your
APRILIA Official Dealer, in order to avoid
accidents that may be harmful for you
and/or other people.
◆ Remove the front support stand, see p. 69
(POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE
FRONT SUPPORT STAND m).
◆ Remove the rear support stand, see p. 69
(POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE
REAR SUPPORT STAND m).
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
65
2%!2 7(%%,
aCAUTION
The disassembly and reassembly of the
rear wheel may be difficult for unskilled
operators.
If necessary, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer.
If you want to perform these operations
personally, keep to the following instructions.
Carefully read p. 55 (MAINTENANCE).
aWARNING
Before carrying out the following operations, let the engine and the silencer
cool down until they reach room temperature, in order to avoid burns.
aWARNING
Riding with damaged rims may be dangerous for the rider, other persons and
the vehicle.
Check the conditions of the wheel rim
and change it if it is damaged.
DISASSEMBLY
◆ Position the vehicle on the appropriate
rear support stand, see p. 69 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE REAR
SUPPORT STAND m).
◆ Put a support (1) under the tyre, in such
a way as to keep the wheel in its position
after loosening it.
◆ Lock the rotation of the wheel pin (2) with
the appropriate key.
◆ Unscrew and remove the nut (3) and retrieve the washer (4).
Wheel nut (3) driving torque: 100 Nm (10
kgm).
66
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
NOTE To
facilitate the extraction of the
wheel pin, slightly raise the wheel.
◆ Withdraw the wheel pin (2) from the left
side and take the washer (5).
NOTE Lower the drive chain (6) outside
the crown gear (7).
◆ Make the wheel advance and release the
drive chain (6) from the crown gear (7).
◆ Withdraw the wheel from the rear fork
from behind, carefully withdrawing the
disc from the brake caliper.
aCAUTION
Do not operate the rear brake lever after
removing the wheel, since the pins may
go out of their seats and cause brake
fluid leakages. In this case consult your
APRILIA Official Dealer, who will carry
out the proper maintenance operation.
NOTE The
support plate (8) complete
with brake caliper (9) remains positioned
on the left side of the rear fork.
Proceed with care. If the final drive unit
(10) is installed on the flexible coupling
holder (11), do not overturn or rotate the
rear wheel in horizontal position on the rear
sprocket side (A), since the final drive unit
would come off and fall down, with the risk
of damaging the rear sprocket (7).
NOTE The removal of the final drive unit
REASSEMBLY
isn’t necessary if the wheel is in the normal
running position (vertical) or in horizontal
position with the rear sprocket facing upwards and in both cases secured against
overturning.
NOTE Insert
NOTE Do not unscrew the six nuts (12).
◆ Position the four flexible couplings (13) in
The whole final drive unit must be withdrawn from the flexible coupling holder.
◆ Withdraw the final transmission unit (10),
the final transmission unit,
parallel to the wheel axis, introducing the
drive pins in the relevant seats, between a
flexible coupling and the other.
the relevant seats in the flexible coupling
holder (11).
◆ Insert the final drive unit in the flexible
coupling holder (11).
keeping it parallel to the wheel axis.
◆ Remove the four flexible couplings (13)
from the flexible coupling holder (11).
NOTE Check
the conditions of the four
flexible couplings (13); if they are damaged
or excessively worn, change them, see p.
56 (REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS
CHART).
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
67
aCAUTION
Before proceeding with the reassembly,
make sure that support plate (8) of the
brake caliper (9) is positioned correctly;
the plate slot must be inserted in the appropriate stop pin in the inner part of
the rear fork right rod.
Insert the disc in the brake caliper carefully.
◆ Position the wheel between the rear fork
rods on the support (1).
aWARNING
Do not introduce your fingers between
the chain and the crown gear.
aWARNING
Danger of injury.
Do not introduce your fingers to align
the holes.
◆ Move the wheel backwards, until its cen-
tral hole and the holes on the rear fork
are aligned.
◆ Rotate the support plate (8), complete
with brake caliper (9) and with fulcrum on
the stop pin, until it is aligned with the
holes.
◆ Insert the washer (5) in the wheel pin (2).
◆ Introduce the wheel pin (2) completely
from the left side.
NOTE Make sure that the wheel pin (2)
◆ Make the wheel advance and position
is completely inserted.
the drive chain (6) on the crown gear (7).
◆ Uniformly apply a moderate quantity of
grease on the wheel pin (2), see p. 104
(LUBRICANT CHART).
◆ Position the washer (4) and tighten the
68
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
wheel nut (3) manually.
◆ Lock the rotation of the wheel pin (2) with
the appropriate key and tighten the nut
(3).
Wheel nut driving torque (2–3): 100 Nm
(10 kgm).
◆ Make sure that the following components
are not dirty:
– tyre;
– wheel;
– brake disc.
aCAUTION
After reassembly, pull the rear brake lever repeatedly and check the correct
functioning of the braking system.
Have the driving torques, centering and
balancing of the wheel checked by your
APRILIA Official Dealer, in order to avoid
accidents that may be harmful for you
and/or other people.
0/3)4)/.).' 4(% 6%()#,% /.
4(% 2%!2 3500/24 34!.$ m
◆ Loosen the knob (1).
◆ Withdraw the fork support (2) and extract
it from the stand seat.
◆ Insert the support pin (3).
◆ Repeat the previous operations on the
opposite side of the stand.
◆ Remove the two drive chain guards, see
p. 74 (REMOVING THE DRIVE CHAIN
GUARDS).
◆ Pull the front brake lever (4) completely,
then put a small piece of cardboard (5)
on the grip and keep the front brake lever
pulled by holding it against the grip by
means of a plastic band (6).
aWARNING
Raise the vehicle by means of the two
rear fork arms only.
support pins (3) rest on the lower part of
the rear fork rods:
– the right support (Pos.A);
– the left support (Pos.B).
◆ Withdraw the support pins (3) and make
them hit against the rear fork.
◆ Tighten the two knobs (1).
◆ Push the stand forward (7) until the support pin (3) rests, on the right side, against
the rear fastening plate of the lower chain
guard.
NOTE Have someone help you keep the
vehicle in vertical position with the two
wheels on the ground.
◆ Rest one foot on the rear part of the
stand (7).
◆ Push the stand (7) downwards until it
reaches the end of its stroke (see figure).
0/3)4)/.).' 4(% 6%()#,% /.
4(% &2/.4 3500/24 34!.$ m
NOTE To
position the vehicle on the
front support stand it is necessary to use
the appropriate rear support stand m.
◆ Position the vehicle on the appropriate
rear support stand m, p. 69 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE REAR
SUPPORT STAND m).
◆ Position the two appropriate washers (8)
on the upper ends (9) of the stand.
◆ Insert the two ends of the stand (9) in the
two holes (10) positioned on the lower
ends of the front fork.
◆ Rest one foot on the front part of the
stand (11).
◆ Push the stand (11) downwards until it
reaches the end of its stroke (see figure).
◆ Insert the stand from the rear side of the
vehicle and position it so that the two
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
69
aCAUTION
Carry out the maintenance operations
more frequently if you use the vehicle in
difficult conditions or on dusty and/or
muddy roads.
CHECKING THE SLACK
$2)6% #(!).
Carefully read p. 55 (MAINTENANCE).
The vehicle is equipped with an endless
chain, in which a ring link joint is not used.
aCAUTION
An excessive slackening of the chain
may cause noise or make the chain rattle, with consequent wear of the shoe
and of the chain guide plate.
Periodically check the slack and adjust
it if necessary, see p. 70 (ADJUSTMENT).
To change the chain, contact an APRILIA
Official Dealer, who will ensure you
prompt and accurate servicing.
Incorrect maintenance may cause the
untimely wear of the chain and/or damages to the pinion and/or the crown.
70
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
To check the slack, proceed as follows:
◆ Stop the engine, see p. 51 (STOPPING).
◆ Position the vehicle on the appropriate
rear support stand, see p. 69 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE REAR
SUPPORT STAND m).
◆ Position the shifting lever in neutral.
◆ Make sure that the vertical oscillation, in
an intermediate point between pinion
and crown in the lower part of the chain,
is included between 35–45 mm.
◆ Rotate the wheel manually, in such a
way as to check the vertical oscillation of
the chain even in other positions; the
slack must be constant in all the wheel
rotation phases.
aCAUTION
If in some positions the slack is higher
than in others, this means that there are
crushed or seized links; in this case,
contact an APRILIA Official Dealer. To
prevent the risk of seizures, lubricate
the chain frequently, see p. 71 (CLEANING AND LUBRICATION).
If the clearance is slack is uniform, but
higher than 45 mm or lower than 35 mm,
adjust it, see p. 70 (ADJUSTMENT).
ADJUSTMENT
If after the check it is necessary to adjust
the chain tension, slacken the chain to increase the slack, tighten the chain to decrease it.
◆ Position the vehicle on the appropriate
rear support stand, see p. 69 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE REAR
SUPPORT STAND m).
◆ Lock the rotation of the wheel pin (1) with
the appropriate key.
◆ Loosen the nut (2).
CHECKING THE DRIVING CHAIN, PINION AND SPROCKET WEAR
Further, check the chain and sprockets
and make sure that they do not present:
– damaged rollers;
– loose pins;
– dry, rusty, crushed or seized links;
– excessive wear;
– lacking O rings;
– sprocket or teeth excessively worn or
damaged.
aCAUTION
NOTE Numbered
reference marks connected with the movement of the adjusters
(3) (4) are provided for the wheel centering.
These reference marks can be seen by
looking inside two slots (5) (6) positioned
on the rear fork rods, before the wheel pin.
◆ Act on the left (3) and right (4) adjusters
and adjust the chain slack, making sure,
on both sides of the vehicle, that the
same reference marks can be seen
when looking inside the slots (5) (6).
◆ Lock the rotation of the wheel pin (1) with
the appropriate key.
◆ Tighten the nut (2).
Wheel nut driving torque (1) (2): 100 Nm
(10 kgm).
◆ Check the chain
slack, see p. 70
(CHECKING THE SLACK).
If the chain rollers are damaged, the
pins are loose and/or the O rings are
damaged or lacking, it is necessary to
change the whole chain unit (both
sprockets and chain).
aCAUTION
Lubricate the chain frequently, especially if there are dry or rusty parts.
The crushed or seized links must be lubricated and made work again.
If this is not possible, contact an APRIL
IA Official Dealer, who will provide for
changing the chain.
◆ Finally, check the wear of the rear fork
protection shoe.
CLEANING AND LUBRICATION
aCAUTION
The drive chain is provided with O rings
among the links, in order to keep the
grease inside them.
Carry out the adjustment, lubrication,
cleaning and change of the chain with
great care.
Never wash the chain with water jets,
steam jets, high-pressure water jets and
highly inflammable solvents.
◆ Wash the chain with naphtha or kerosene. If it tends to rust quickly, intensify
the maintenance intervals.
Lubricate the chain every 500 km (312 mi)
or whenever necessary.
◆ After washing the chain and letting it dry,
lubricate it with spray grease for chains
provided with sealing rings, see p. 104
(LUBRICANT CHART).
aCAUTION
The lubricants for chains available on
the market may contain substances that
are dangerous for the rubber sealing
rings of the chain.
NOTE Do not use the vehicle soon after
lubricating the chain, since due to the centrifugal force the lubricant would be
sprayed outwards and dirty the surrounding areas.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
71
2%-/6!, /& 4(% &5%, 4!.+
Carefully read p. 27 (FUEL) and p. 55
(MAINTENANCE).
aWARNING
Risk of fire.
Wait until the engine and the exhaust silencer have completely cooled down.
Fuel vapours are noxious for your
health.
Before proceeding, make sure that the
room in which you are working is properly ventilated.
Do not inhale fuel vapours.
Do not smoke and do not use naked
flames.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF FUEL IN THE ENVIRONMENT.
72
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
◆ Turn the ignition switch to position “1”.
◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 21 (UN-
LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
◆ Unscrew and remove the centre screw
(1).
◆ Take the washer (2) and the rubber pad
(3).
~Unscrew and remove the three screws
(4).
◆ Disconnect the electric connector (5)
from the fuel pump.
aCAUTION
Upon reassembly, make sure that the
electric connector (5) is correctly coupled.
aWARNING
Position a clean cloth under the rapid
couplings (6) and (7), in order to absorb
the small quantity of fuel that will flow
out of them after disconnection.
◆ Release and disconnect the rapid cou-
plings (6) (7).
aWARNING
Upon reassembly, make sure that the
rapid couplings (6) (7) are inserted correctly.
Working from the left-hand side of the
vehicle:
◆ Move the fairing (8) moderately towards
the outside.
NOTE Mark the two pipes (9) (10) in order
to be able to insert them in the relevant union
upon reassembly.
◆ Withdraw the two pipes (9) (10) downwards:
– pipe (9) = fuel tank overflow;
– pipe (10) = water drainage from tank
cap.
aWARNING
When reassembling, make sure the
pipes are plugged in properly (9) (10).
aCAUTION
2%-/6).' 4(% /), 35-0 '5!2$
Handle the plastic and painted components with care to avoid scraping or
damaging them.
Carefully read p. 55 (MAINTENANCE).
◆ Grasp the tank (11) and, pulling it back-
Wait until the engine and the exhaust silencer have completely cooled down.
wards, withdraw it from the two front supports.
◆ Raise and remove the tank (11).
aWARNING
Position the tank in a safe place, with
the cap facing upwards; neither overturn, nor tilt it, since the fillercap is not
tight and the fuel would flow out of the
tank.
aWARNING
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Unscrew and remove the four screws
(1).
aCAUTION
Handle the plastic and painted components with care to avoid scraping or
damaging them.
2%-/6).' 4(% 2)'(4 !.$ ,%&4
3)$%3
Carefully read 55 (MAINTENANCE).
aWARNING
Wait until the engine and the exhaust silencer have completely cooled down.
◆ Remove the saddle, see p 21 (UNLOCK-
ING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
◆ Unscrew and remove the four screws
(3).
◆ Remove the side cover (4).
aCAUTION
◆ Remove the oil sump guard (2).
Handle the plastic and painted components with care to avoid scraping or
damaging them.
NOTE If
NOTE If
the deadening material inside
the oil sump guard (2) is deteriorated, contact an aprilia Official Dealer to have it
changed.
the heat-resistant material inside the oil sump guard (4) is deteriorated,
contact an aprilia Official Dealer to have it
changed.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
73
3
3
1
2
4
5
2%-/6).' 4(% $2)6% #(!).
'5!2$3
Carefully read 55 (MAINTENANCE).
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Unscrew and remove the two screws (1).
◆ From the opposite side, unscrew and remove the screw (2).
aCAUTION
Handle the plastic and painted components with care to avoid scraping or
damaging them.
◆ Lift and remove the upper guard (3).
◆ Unscrew and remove the two screws (4).
◆ Remove the lower protection element
(5).
).34!,,).' 4(% 3)$% "!'
3500/243 m SUPPLIED AS
STANDARD EQUIPMENT IN THE
COUNTRIES WHERE REQUIRED
NOTE If
also the rear case supports
must be installed beside the side bag supports, it is necessary to install the former
first, see p. 76 [INSTALLING THE REAR
CASE SUPPORTS m (supplied as standard equipment in the countries where required)].
Carefully read 55 (MAINTENANCE).
The following parts are supplied together with the side bag supports:
– four screws T.E. M8 x 20 (1) (2) with the
relevant washers (3) (4);
– two screws T.C.E.I. M8 x 20 (5);
– two screws T.C.E.I. M8 x 30 (6);
– two spacers (7);
– two front couplings (8);
– two rear couplings (9).
74
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
NOTE The operations marked with ✱ are
not necessary if the rear case supports are
installed.
~Remove the side panels, see p. 73
(REMOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT
SIDES).
çUnscrew and remove the screw (A).
~Unscrew and remove the screw (B)
and take the washer.
NOTE Take the screws (A) (B)
and the
washer and store them in a safe place, so
that if necessary you can use them again.
~Position the front coupling (8).
~Insert the screw (1) with the relevant
washer (3) and screw it manually.
çPosition the rear coupling (9).
çInsert the screw (2) with the relevant
washer (4) and screw it manually.
~Loosen and remove the nut (10) that
fastens the passenger footboard.
~Position the bag support (11).
~Put back the nut (10) and screw it
manually.
çPosition the spacer ring (7).
~Insert the screws (5) (6) and screw
them manually.
~Tighten the screws (5) (6) and the nut
(10), without applying the torque prescribed.
~Tighten the screw (1) and the screw
(2), applying the torque prescribed.
~Put back the bag support (11).
~Insert and tighten the screws (5) (6),
applying the torque prescribed.
Driving torque of screws (1) (2): 25
Nm (2.5 kgm).
◆ Install the side bags, see p. 24 [SIDE
~Unscrew and remove the screws (5)
(6) and the nut (10).
~Remove the bag support (11).
~Put back the side cover, see p. 73
(REMOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT
SIDES).
Driving torque of screws (5) (6): 25
Nm (2.5 kgm).
~Put back the nut (10) and tighten it applying the torque prescribed.
Driving torque of nut (10): 50 Nm (5.0
kgm).
BAGS m (supplied as standard equipment in the countries where required)].
Check the wear of the coupling pins every
6000 km (3750 mi) or 12 months, and if
necessary have them changed by an aprilia Official Dealer.
aCAUTION
Handle the bag support (11) with care,
and avoid damaging the side.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
75
).34!,,).' 4(% 2%!2 #!3%
3500/243 m SUPPLIED AS
STANDARD EQUIPMENT IN THE
COUNTRIES WHERE REQUIRED
Carefully read 55 (MAINTENANCE).
The following parts are supplied together with the rear case supports:
– two screws T.C.E.I. M8 x 20 (1);
– two screws T.C.E.I. M8 x 30 (2) with the
relevant washers (3);
– two screws T.C.E.I. M8 x 55 (4);
– two lock nuts (5);
– two spacers (6);
– two rear couplings (7).
NOTE The operations marked with ✱ are
not necessary if the side bag supports are
installed.
~Remove the side panels, see p. 73
(REMOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT
SIDES).
76
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
çUnscrew and remove the screw (A).
~Unscrew and remove the screw (B)
and take the washer (C).
NOTE Take the screw (A) and position it
in a safe place in order to be able to use it
agan if necessary; the screw (B) and the
washer (C) will be reused in the following
operations.
çPosition the rear coupling (7).
çInsert the screw (B) with the relevant
washer (C) and screw it manually.
~Position the spacer ring (6).
~Position the case side support (8).
~Insert the screws (1) (4) and screw
them manually.
~Position the plate (9) on the two side
supports (8).
~Insert one of the screws (2), with the
relevant washer (3).
~Working on the lower side, position the
nut (5) and tighten it manually.
çTighten the screw (B), applying the
torque prescribed.
Screw (B) driving torque: 25 Nm (2.5
kgm).
~Tighten the screws (1) (4) and the nut
(5), applying the torque prescribed.
Driving torque screws (1) (4) and nut
(5): 25 Nm (2.5 kgm).
~Put back the side panels, see p. 73
(REMOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT
SIDES).
◆ Install the rear case, see p. 26 [REAR
CASE m (supplied as standard equipment in the countries where required)].
Check the wear of the coupling pin every
6000 km (3750 mi) or 12 months, and if
necessary have it changed by an aprilia
Official Dealer.
#(%#+).' 4(% 34%%2).'
aCAUTION
The operations necessary to check the
steering require specific knowledge and
experience, therefore it is advisable to
contact an APRILIA Official Dealer.
#(%#+).' 4(% 2%!2 &/2+
&5,#25- !8)3
aCAUTION
The operations necessary to check the
rear fork fulcrum axis require specific
knowledge and experience, therefore it
is advisable to contact an APRILIA Official Dealer.
).30%#4).' 4(% &2/.4 !.$
2%!2 3530%.3)/.3
Carefully read p. 55 (MAINTENANCE).
NOTE Have the front fork oil changed by
Carry out the following checks after the first
1000 km (625 mi) and successively every
12000 km (7500 mi):
◆ With pulled front brake lever, press the
handlebar repeatedly, thrusting the fork
downwards. The stroke must be gentle
and there must be no trace of oil on the
rods.
◆ Check the fastening of all the components and the functionality of the front
and rear suspension joints.
an aprilia Official Dealer, who will ensure
you prompt and accurate servicing.
aCAUTION
Have the front fork oil changed every
12000 km (7500 mi).
If you notice irregularities in the operation or if the help of a qualified technician
is necessary, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer.
&2/.4 3530%.3)/.
Have the fork oil seals changed by a aprilia
Official Dealer after the first 30000 km
(18750 mi) and successively every 22500
km (14000 mi).
The front suspension consists of an hydraulic fork connected to the steering column by means of two plates.
The standard setting of the front fork is adjusted in such a way as to be suitable for
most driving conditions, at high and low
speed, for the transport of the rider with
luggage.
aCAUTION
If necessary, contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
77
2%!2 3530%.3)/.
The rear suspension consists of a springshock absorber unit, fixed to the frame by
means of a uni-ball and to the rear fork by
means of lever systems.
For the setting of the vehicle attitude,
the shock absorber is provided:
– with a screw adjuster (1) for the adjustment of the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber;
– an adjusting ring nut (2) and a locking
ring nut (3) for the adjustment of the
spring preload.
78
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
ADJUSTING THE REAR SHOCK
ABSORBER
Check and if necessary adjust the rear
shock absorber every 12000 km (7500 mi).
The standard setting of the rear shock absorber is adjusted so that it is suitable for
most driving conditions.
The standard adjustment, set by the manufacturer, is suitable for a rider weighing approximately 70 kg.
If your weight and needs are different, for
example in case of ride with passenger
and full load, it is advisable to contact an
aprilia Official Dealer.
According to the conditions of use of the
vehicle, it is possible to adjust the hydraulic
braking with extended shock absorber by
adjusting the screw (1); for the adjustment,
keep to the following indications:
Uneven or irregular road surface –
HARD adjustment:
◆ Turn the screw (1) to the right (clockwise).
Normal or regular road surface – SOFT
adjustment:
◆ Turn the screw (1) to the left (anticlockwise).
aCAUTION
Adjust the spring preload and the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber according to the conditions of
use of the vehicle.
When the spring preload is increased, it
is necessary to increase also the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber, in order to avoid sudden jerks
while riding.
If necessary, contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer.
Test the vehicle repeatedly on the road,
until obtaining the optimal adjustment.
2%!2 3530%.3)/. 7)4(
(9$2!5,)# 02%,/!$
!$*534-%.4 m
With this type of suspension it is possible
to adjust the spring preload and the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber.
aCAUTION
Adjust the spring preload and the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber according to the conditions of
use of the vehicle.
When the spring preload is increased, it
is necessary to increase also the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber, in order to avoid sudden jerks
while riding.
REAR SHOCK ABSORBER ADJUSTMENT TABLE
Standard
adjustment
(INTERMEDIATE)
for normal load (for
example, rider and
passenger)
SOFT adjustment
for light load (for
example, rider
only)
HARD adjustment
for heavy load (for
example, rider,
passenger and
luggage)
starting from the
SOFT adjustment
position, rotate the
knob clockwise,
giving it 25 clicks.
turn completely
anticlockwise
(SOFT)
turn completely
clockwise (HARD)
starting from the soft
adjustment position
Spring preload, knob
(anticlockwise),
(2)
rotate the knob
clockwise, giving it a
full turn (9 clicks)
turn completely
anticlockwise
turn completely
clockwise
Rear shock
absorber
Hydraulic
adjustment with
extended shock
absorber, screw (1)
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
79
#(%#+).' 4(% "2!+% 0!$ 7%!2
Carefully read p. 29 (BRAKE FLUID recommendations), p. 30 (DISC
BRAKES) and p. 55 (MAINTENANCE).
NOTE The following information refer to
a single braking system, but are valid for
both.
Check the brake pad wear after the first
1000 km (625 mi) and successively every
2000 km (1250 mi) and before every trip.
The wear of the disc brake pads depends
on the use, on the kind of drive and on the
road.
aWARNING
Check the wear of the brake pads, especially before every trip.
80
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
To carry out a rapid checking of the
wear of the pads, proceed as follows:
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Carry out a visual check between the
disc and the pads, proceeding:
– from below, on the front part, for the
front brake caliper (1);
– from above, on the rear part, for the
rear brake calipers (2).
aCAUTION
The excessive wear of the friction material would cause the contact of the pad
metal support with the disc, with consequent metallic noise and production of
sparks from the caliper; braking efficiency, safety and soundness of the
disc would thus be negatively affected.
If the thickness of the friction material
[even of one front (3) or rear pad (4) only]
has reduced to about 1.5 mm (or even if
only one of the wear indicators is not visible any longer):
– for the front brake caliper have both
front brake caliper pads changed.
– for the rear brake caliper, have both
pads of the caliper changed.
aWARNING
Have the pads changed by your APRILIA
Official Dealer.
)$,).' !$*534-%.4
Only when really necessary:
aCAUTION
Carefully read p. 55 (MAINTENANCE).
NOTE In
case of start at low ambient
temperature [near to or lower than 0° C
(32° F)], see p. 46 (STARTING WITH
COLD ENGINE). In any case, if the normal
running temperature has not been
reached, an anomaly in the engine idling
rpm may be noticed. This is normal, since
the engine idling rpm return to regular values when the engine reaches the normal
running temperature.
Risk of burns.
Some parts of the vehicle are extremely
hot (for example, the exhaust pipe and,
to a lesser extent, the exhaust pipe
guard).
Wear safety gloves to protect yourself
from those parts of the vehicle whose
temperature is too high.
To check the engine idling rpm correctly, proceed as follows:
aCAUTION
◆ Ride for a few miles until reaching the
In case of irregular engine idling rpm,
contact exclusively an APRILIA Official
Dealer.
normal running temperature, see p. 17
(Coolant temperature indicator “)”).
◆ Position the gear lever in neutral (green
warning light “/” on).
◆ Check the engine idling rpm on the revolution counter.
The engine idling speed must be about
1300 ± 100 rpm.
If the engine idling rpm are within the
values indicated, do not modify them in
any way.
An excessive increase in the engine
idling rpm may cause irregularities in
the operation of the engine and damage
the engine itself and other components.
It is advisable to change the setting
only when it is really necessary (if,
when the throttle grip is released, the
engine stops or keeps running at higher
rpm than prescribed) and it is impossible to reach an APRILIA Official Dealer.
Proceed with care and do not touch the
exhaust pipe guard for any reason whatsoever.
◆ Release the idling adjusting cable (1)
from the cable guide positioned behind
the right stanchion of the frame.
◆ Turn the adjusting knob (2).
– BY SCREWING IT (clockwise), you increase the rpm;
– BY UNSCREWING IT (anticlockwise),
you decrease the rpm;
◆ Twist the throttle grip, accelerating and
decelerating a few times to make sure
that it functions correctly and to check if
the idling speed is constant.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
81
◆ After the adjustment, tighten the lock nut
(2) and check the idle stroke again.
◆ Put back the protection element (1).
aCAUTION
After the adjustment, make sure that the
rotation of the handlebar does not modify the engine idling rpm and that the
throttle grip returns smoothly and automatically to its original position after
being released.
!$*534).' 4(% !##%,%2!4/2
#/.42/,
Carefully read p. 55 (MAINTENANCE).
Have the accelerator control cables
checked by an aprilia Official Dealer after
the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively
every 6000 km (3750 mi).
The idle stroke of the throttle grip must be
2–3 mm, measured on the edge of the grip
itself.
If not, proceed as follows:
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Withdraw the protection element (1).
◆ Loosen the lock nut (2).
◆ Rotate the adjuster (3) in such a way as
to restore the prescribed value.
82
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
!$*534).' 4(% #/,$ 34!24
#/.42/,
◆ After the adjustment, tighten the lock nut
Carefully read p. 55 (MAINTENANCE).
◆ Put back the protection element (5).
Have the accelerator control cables
checked by an aprilia Official Dealer after
the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively
every 6000 km (3750 mi).
The idle stroke of the cold start control (4)
must be 2–3 mm, measured on the edge of
the control itself.
After the adjustment, make sure that the
rotation of the handlebar does not modify the engine idling rpm.
If not, proceed as follows:
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Withdraw the protection element (5).
◆ Loosen the lock nut (6).
◆ Rotate the adjuster (7) in such a way as
to restore the prescribed value.
(6) and check the idle stroke again.
aCAUTION
2%!26)%7 -)22/23
aWARNING
Do not use the vehicle with the rearview mirrors turned incorrectly.
Before leaving, always make sure that
the rear-view mirrors are not rotated upwards and are correctly adjusted.
aWARNING
For the adjustment of the rear-view mirrors, wear clean gloves or use a clean
cloth, in order to avoid dirtying the reflecting surface and reducing visibility.
REMOVING THE REAR-VIEW MIRRORS
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Raise the protection element (1).
◆ Loosen and remove the stop nut (2).
aCAUTION
Upon reassembly, before tightening the
lock nut (2), make sure that the rearview mirror support rod is directed in
such a way as to be aligned with the
handlebar.
◆ Withdraw the entire rear-view mirror unit
(3) upwards and remove it.
Repeat these operations to remove the
other rear-view mirror.
ADJUSTMENT OF THE REAR-VIEW
MIRRORS
◆ Get on the vehicle in riding position, see
p. 40 (GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE).
aCAUTION
Handle the components with care.
◆ Rotate the rear-view mirror (4) and ad-
just the inclination correctly.
Repeat the same operations to adjust the
other rear-view mirror.
◆ Make sure that there are no dirt or mud
deposits.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
83
30!2+ 0,5'
For the removal, proceed as follows:
For the check and cleaning:
Carefully read p. 55 (MAINTENANCE).
◆ Remove the cap (1) of the spark plug (2).
◆ Remove any trace of dirt from the spark
Key:
– centre electrode (3);
– insulating (4);
– side electrode (5).
◆ Make sure that there are neither carbon
deposits, nor corrosion marks on the
electrodes and on the insulating material; if necessary, clean them with a pressurized air jet.
If the spark plug has crackings on the insulating material, corroded electrodes, excessive deposits or the tip (6) of the central
electrode (3) is rounded, it must be
changed.
Check the spark plug every 6000 km (3750
mi), change them every 12000 km (7500
mi).
Periodically remove the spark plug and
clean it carefully, removing carbon deposits; change it if necessary.
To reach the spark plug:
aWARNING
Before carrying out the following operations, let the engine and the silencer
cool down until they reach room temperature, in order to avoid burns.
◆ Remove the fuel tank, see p. 72 (RE-
MOVAL OF THE FUEL TANK).
84
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
plug base.
◆ Introduce the special spanner provided
in the tool kit on the spark plug.
◆ Unscrew the spark plug and extract it
from its seat, taking care to prevent dust
or other substances from getting inside
the cylinder.
aCAUTION
When changing the spark plug, check
the thread pitch and length.
If the threaded part is too short, the carbon deposits will accumulate on the
thread seat, and therefore the engine
may be damaged during the installation
of the right spark plug.
Use the recommended type of spark
plugs only, see p. 101 (TECHNICAL DATA), in order not to compromise the life
and performance of the engine.
◆ Check the spark plug gap with a thickness gauge.
The spark plug gap must be 0,6 – 0,7
mm; if necessary, adjust it, bending the
centre electrode (6) with care.
◆ Make sure that the washer (7) is in good
conditions.
aCAUTION
For the installation:
◆ With the washer on (7), screw the spark
plug by hand in order not to damage the
thread.
◆ Tighten the spark plug by means of the
spanner you will find in the tool kit, giving
it half a turn to compress the washer.
Spark plug driving torque: 20 Nm (2.0
kgm).
Make sure that the cap (1) is correctly
connected to the spark plug (2). Due to
the vibrations of the engine, the incorrect position would cause the disconnection of the spark plug cap, with serious damage to the engine.
aCAUTION
◆ Put back the fuel tank, see p. 72 (RE-
The spark plug must be well tightened,
otherwise the engine may overheat and
be seriously damaged.
◆ Correctly insert the cap (1) in the spark
plug (2), until you hear the click.
MOVAL OF THE FUEL TANK).
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
85
#(%#+).' 4(% 34!.$
Carefully read p. 55 (MAINTENANCE)
and p. 91 (CHECKING THE SWITCHES).
The vehicle is provided with:
– side stand (1);
– centre stand (2) m (supplied as standard equipment in the countries where required).
The stand has two positions:
– normal or lifted;
– extended.
It is the rider who must provide for extending and lifting the stand.
The stand must rotate without hindrances.
The springs (3) provide for keeping the
stand in the desired position (extended or
lifted).
86
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
SIDE STAND
◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand,
see p. 52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
◆ The springs (3) must not be damaged,
worn, rusty or weakened.
◆ Make sure that the stand presents no
slack in either position (extended and lifted).
◆ Lower the stand, making sure that the
springs provide for extending it completely.
◆ Move the stand to let it up and release it
halfway to make sure that the springs
provide for lifting it completely.
◆ The side stand must rotate freely, if necessary grease the joint, see p. 104 (LUBRICANT CHART).
The side stand (1) is provided with a safety
switch (4) that has the function to prevent
or interrupt the operation of the engine with
the gears on and the side stand (1) down.
To check the proper functioning of the
safety switch (4), proceed as follows:
◆ Start the engine, see p. 44 (STARTING).
◆ With released throttle grip (5) (Pos.A)
and engine idling, pull the clutch lever (6)
completely.
◆ Engage the first gear, by pushing the
gear lever (7) downwards.
◆ Lower the side stand (1), thus operating
the safety switch (4).
At this point:
– the engine must stop;
aCAUTION
If the engine does not stop, contact an
APRILIA Official Dealer.
CENTRE STAND m (supplied as standard equipment in the countries where
required)
◆ Position the vehicle on the side stand,
see p. 52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
◆ The springs (3) must not be damaged,
worn, rusty or weakened.
◆ Make sure that when lifted the stand
presents no slacks.
◆ Move the stand and release it, making
sure that the springs lift it completely.
◆ The side stand must rotate freely, if necessary grease the joint, see p. 104 (LUBRICANT CHART).
"!44%29
Carefully read p. 55 (MAINTENANCE).
aWARNING
Risk of fire.
Keep fuel and other flammable substances away from the electrical components.
The electrolyte in the battery is toxic
and caustic and may cause burns on
contact with the skin as it contains sulphuric acid. Wear protection clothes, a
face mask and/or goggles during maintenance operations.
In case of contact with the skin, rinse
with plenty of water.
If the electrolyte is accidentally swallowed, drink a lot of water or milk, then
continue drinking milk of magnesia or
vegetable oil and consult a doctor without delay.
The battery gives off explosive gases;
keep it away from flames, sparks, cigarettes and any other source of heat.
During the recharging or the use, make
sure that the room is properly ventilated
and avoid inhaling the gases released
during the recharging.
aCAUTION
Never invert the connection of the battery cables.
Connect and disconnect the battery
with the ignition switch in position “1”,
otherwise some components may be
damaged.
Connect first the positive cable (+) and
then the negative cable (–).
Disconnect following the reverse order.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
Do not incline the vehicle too much, in
order to avoid dangerous leaks of the
battery fluid.
In case of contact with the eyes, wash
with large quantities of water for fifteen
minutes and consult an oculist without
delay.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
87
#(%#+).' 4(% %,%#42/,94%
,%6%,
Carefully read p. 87 (BATTERY).
To check the electrolyte level, proceed
as follows:
◆ Make sure that the ignition switch is in position “1”.
◆ Remove the left cover, see p. 73 (REMOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT
SIDES).
◆ Make sure that the fluid level is included
between the two “MIN” and “MAX” notches stamped on the battery side.
If necessary, proceed as follows:
◆ Remove the battery, see p. 89 (REMOVING THE BATTERY).
◆ Remove the element plugs.
88
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
aCAUTION
Do not exceed the “MAX” mark, since
the electrolyte level increases during
the recharge.
◆ Top up the fluid by adding only distilled
water.
◆ Put back the left cover, see p. 73 (REMOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT
SIDES).
◆ Remove the red protection element (1).
◆ Make sure that the cable terminals (2) and
the battery terminals (3) are:
– in good conditions (and not corroded or
covered with deposits);
– covered with neutral grease or vaseline.
If necessary, proceed as follows:
◆ Remove the battery, see p. 89 (REMOV-
ING THE BATTERY).
#(%#+).' !.$ #,%!.).' 4(%
4%2-).!,3
Carefully read p. 87 (BATTERY).
◆ Make sure that the ignition switch is in po-
sition “1”.
◆ Remove the left cover, see p. 73 (RE-
MOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT
SIDES).
◆ Brush the cable terminals (2) and the
battery terminals (3) with a wire brush, in
order to eliminate any trace of corrosion.
◆ Install the battery, see p. 90 (INSTALLING THE BATTERY).
◆ Put back the left cover, see p. 73 (REMOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT
SIDES).
2%-/6).' 4(% "!44%29
aCAUTION
Carefully read p. 87 (BATTERY).
Do not force the electric cables.
◆ Make sure that the ignition switch is in
◆ Withdraw the breather pipe (8).
◆ Grasp the battery (9) firmly and remove it
position “1”.
◆ Remove the left cover, see p. 73 (REMOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT
SIDES).
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (1).
◆ Remove the battery cover (2).
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (3) on
the negative terminal (–).
◆ Move the negative cable (4) sidewards.
◆ Remove the red protection element (5).
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (6) on
the positive terminal (+).
◆ Move the positive cable (7) sidewards.
from its compartment, by bending it towards the outside and lifting it.
aWARNING
Upon reassembly, connect first the positive cable (+) and then the negative cable (–).
NOTE For the installation of the battery,
see p. 90 (INSTALLING THE BATTERY).
aWARNING
Once it has been removed, the battery
must be stored in a safe place and kept
away from children.
◆ Position the battery on a flat surface, in a
cool and dry place.
◆ Put back the left cover, see p. 73 (RE-
MOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT
SIDES).
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
89
2%#(!2').' 4(% "!44%29
Carefully read p. 87 (BATTERY).
◆ Remove the battery, see p. 89 (REMOV-
ING THE BATTERY).
◆ Prepare an appropriate battery charger.
◆ Set the charger for the desired type of re-
charge.
NOTE A
recharge with an amperage
equal to 1/10th of the battery capacity is
recommended.
◆ Connect the battery with a battery charg-
er.
aWARNING
During the recharging or the use, make
sure that the room is properly ventilated
and avoid inhaling the gases released
during the recharging.
◆ Switch on the battery charger.
◆ After the recharging operation, check the
electrolyte level again and if necessary
top up with distilled water.
aWARNING
Reassemble the battery only 5/10 minutes after disconnecting the recharge
apparatus, since the battery continues
to produce gas for a short lapse of time.
90
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
).34!,,).' 4(% "!44%29
◆ Connect the positive terminal (+) by
Carefully read p. 87 (BATTERY).
◆ Connect the negative terminal (–) by
◆ Make sure that the ignition switch is in
position “1”.
◆ Remove the left cover, see p. 73 (REMOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT
SIDES).
NOTE The
battery (1) must be positioned in its compartment with the terminals directed towards the outside part of
the vehicle.
◆ Put the battery (1) in its compartment.
aWARNING
Upon reassembly, connect first the positive cable (+) and then the negative cable (–).
means of the screw (2).
means of the screw (3).
◆ Put back the red protection element (4).
aCAUTION
Upon reassembly always connect the
battery breather pipe, to prevent the sulphuric acid vapours from corroding the
electric system, painted parts, rubber
elements or gaskets when they exit the
breather pipe itself.
◆ Put back the breather pipe (5).
◆ Put back the battery cover (6).
◆ Position and tighten the screw (7).
◆ Put back the left cover, see p. 73 (RE-
MOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT
SIDES).
,/.' ).!#4)6)49 /& 4(%
"!44%29
If the vehicle remains unused for more
than fifteen days, it is necessary to recharge the battery, in order to prevent its
sulphation, see p. 90 (RECHARGING THE
BATTERY).
◆ Remove the battery, see p. 89 (REMOVING THE BATTERY) and put it in a cool
and dry place.
It is important to check the charge periodically (about once a month), during the winter or when the vehicle remains unused, in
order to prevent the deterioration of the
battery.
◆ Recharge it completely with a trickle
charge, see p 90 (RECHARGING THE
BATTERY).
If the battery remains on the vehicle, disconnect the cables from the terminals.
#(%#+).' 4(% 37)4#(%3
Carefully read p. 55 (MAINTENANCE).
The vehicle is provided w ith four
switches:
1) Stoplight switch on the rear brake control lever;
2) Stoplight switch on the front brake control lever;
3) Safety switch on the side stand;
4) Switch on the clutch control lever.
◆ Make sure that there are no dirt or mud
deposits on the switch; the pin must be
able to move without interferences, returning automatically to its initial position.
◆ Make sure that the cables are connected
correctly.
◆ Check the spring (5): it must not be damaged, worn or weakened.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
91
#(!.').' 4(% &53%3
For the check, proceed as follows:
Carefully read p. 55 (MAINTENANCE).
◆ Turn the ignition switch to position “1”,
aCAUTION
Do not repair faulty fuses.
Never use fuses different from the recommended ones.
The use of unsuitable fuses may cause
damages to the electric system or, in
case of short circuit, even a fire.
NOTE If
a fuse blows frequently, there
probably is a short circuit or an overload in
the electric system.
In this case it is advisable to consult an
aprilia Official Dealer.
If an electric component does not work or
works irregularly, or if the vehicle fails to
start, it is necessary to check the fuses.
92
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
to avoid any accidental short circuit.
◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 21 (UN-
LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
◆ Extract the fuses one by one and check if
the filament (1) is broken.
◆ Before replacing a fuse, try to find out the
cause of the trouble, if possible.
◆ Replace the damaged fuse with a new
one having the same amperage.
NOTE If you use one of the spare fuses,
put a new fuse in the proper seat.
ARRANGEMENT OF THE FUSES
A) Fuse 20 A (yellow) – From battery
to:
ignition switch, voltage regulator, electric cooling fan.
B) Fuse 15 A (light blue) – From ignition switch to:
all light loads.
C) Fuse 7.5 A (red) – From ignition
switch to:
ignition, starting safety logic.
NOTE Three fuses are spare fuses.
!$*534).' 4(% 6%24)#!,
(%!$,)'(4 "%!-
NOTE To
check the direction of the
headlight beam, specific procedures must
be adopted, in accordance with the regulations in force in the country where the vehicle is used.
I
To rapidly check the correct direction of the
beam, place the vehicle on flat ground, 10
m away from a wall.
Turn on the low beam, sit on the vehicle
and make sure that the beam projected on
the wall is slightly under the horizontal line
of the headlight (about 9/10th of the total
height).
To adjust the headlight beam:
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Working on the lower side of the front
part of the fairing, act on the appropriate
screw (1) with the spanner (8 mm) provided in the tool kit.
BY ROTATING IT CLOCKWISE, you set
the beam upwards.
BY ROTATING IT ANTICLOCKWISE,
you set the beam downwards.
$!3("/!2$ ,)'(4).'
If you need assistance or technical advice,
consult your aprilia Official Dealer, who
can ensure you prompt and accurate servicing.
After the adjustment:
aWARNING
Make sure that the vertical adjustment
of the headlight beam is correct.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
93
"5,"3
Carefully read p. 55 (MAINTENANCE).
aWARNING
Risk of fire.
Keep fuel and other flammable substances away from the electrical components.
aCAUTION
Before changing a bulb, move the ignition switch to position “1” and wait a
few minutes, so that the bulb cools
down.
Change the bulb wearing clean gloves
or using a clean and dry cloth.
Do not leave fingerprints on the bulb,
since these may cause its overheating
and consequent breakage.
94
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
If you touch the bulb with bare hands,
remove any fingerprint with alcohol, in
order to avoid any damage.
DO NOT FORCE THE ELECTRIC CABLES.
NOTE Before
changing a bulb, check
the fuses, see p. 92 (CHANGING THE
FUSES).
#(!.').' 4(% (%!$,)'(4
"5,"3
Carefully read p. 94 (BULBS).
The headlight contains:
– one high beam bulb (1) (left side);
– one parking light bulb (2) (lower).
– one low beam bulb/high beam (3) (right
side).
To change, proceed as follows:
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
NOTE Proceed on the side of the bulb to
be changed.
HIGH BEAM BULBS
◆ Move the protection element (4) with
your hands.
◆ Grasp the electric terminal (5), pull it and
disconnect it from the bulb (1).
◆ Release the check spring (6) positioned
at the rear of the bulb socket (7).
◆ Extract the bulb (1) from its seat and replace it with a new one of the same type.
NOTE Insert the bulb in the bulb socket,
making the relevant positioning seats coincide.
PARKING LIGHT BULB
LOW BEAM BULB/HIGH BEAM
◆ Move the protection element (8) with
◆ Move the protection element (10) with
your hands.
your hands.
aCAUTION
aCAUTION
To extract the bulb socket, do not pull
the electric wires.
To extract the bulb electric connector,
do not pull its electric wires.
◆ Grasp the parking light bulb socket (9),
◆ Grasp the bulb electric connector (11),
pull it and remove it from its seat.
◆ Withdraw the bulb (2) and replace it with
one of the same type.
◆ Rotate the bulb socket (12) anticlockwise
pull it and disconnect it from the bulb (3).
and extract it from its seat.
◆ Press the bulb (3) slightly and rotate it
anticlockwise.
◆ Extract the bulb (3) from its seat and re-
place it with a new one of the same type.
NOTE Insert the bulb in the bulb socket,
making the appropriate tangs (13) coincide
with the relevant seats (14) on the reflector.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
95
#(!.').' 4(% &2/.4
$)2%#4)/. ).$)#!4/2 "5,"3
Carefully read p. 94 (BULBS).
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Unscrew and remove the two screws (1).
◆ Remove the protection screen (2).
aCAUTION
Upon reassembly, correctly position the
protection screen in its seat. Tighten
the screw (1) moderately and carefully,
to avoid damaging the protection
screen.
#(!.').' 4(% 2%!2 $)2%#4)/.
).$)#!4/2 "5,"3
◆ Press the bulb (3) slightly and rotate it
Carefully read p. 94 (BULBS).
anticlockwise.
◆ Extract the bulb (3) from its seat.
aCAUTION
Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the two bulb pins coincide with the
relevant guides on the socket.
◆ Correctly install a new bulb of the same
type.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (4).
aCAUTION
While removing the protection screen,
proceed carefully in order not to break
the cog.
aCAUTION
Upon reassembly, correctly position the
protection screen in its seat. Tighten
the screw (4) moderately and carefully,
to avoid damaging the protection
screen.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
anticlockwise.
◆ Extract the bulb (6) from its seat.
aCAUTION
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
◆ Remove the protection screen (5).
96
◆ Press the bulb (6) slightly and rotate it
Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the two bulb pins coincide with the
relevant guides on the socket.
◆ Correctly install a new bulb of the same
type.
aCAUTION
If the bulb socket (7) goes out of its
seat, insert it correctly, making the bulb
socket opening coincide with the screw
seat.
#(!.').' 4(% 2%!2 ,)'(4
"5,"
NOTE Upon reassembly, correctly posi-
Carefully read p. 94 (BULBS).
Tighten the screw (2) carefully, without exerting too much pressure, in order to avoid
damaging the protection screen.
◆ Press the bulb (1) slightly and rotate it
anticlockwise.
◆ Extract the bulb (1) from its seat.
NOTE The rear light houses two parking
light/stoplight bulbs (1).
The following operations refer to a single
bulb, but are valid for both.
Before changing a bulb, check the efficiency of the stoplight switches, see p. 91
(CHECKING THE SWITCHES).
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Unscrew and remove the two screws (2).
◆ Remove the protection screen (3).
tion the protection screen in its seat.
aCAUTION
Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the two bulb pins coincide with the
relevant guides on the socket.
◆ Correctly install a new bulb of the same
type.
#(!.').' 4(% .5-"%2 0,!4%
"5,"
Carefully read p. 94 (BULBS).
To change, proceed as follows:
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (4), taking the nut.
◆ Remove the light unit (5).
aCAUTION
Do not pull the electric wires to extract
the bulb socket.
◆ Grasp the bulb socket (6), pull it and re-
move it from its seat.
◆ Withdraw the bulb (7) and replace it with
a new one of the same type.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
97
42!.30/24
NOTE During transport, the vehicle must
be kept in vertical position, it must be firmly
anchored and the 1st gear must be engaged, in order to avoid any leak of fuel,
oil, coolant.
aCAUTION
In case of failure, do not tow the vehicle,
but ask for assistance.
98
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
#,%!.).'
Clean the vehicle frequently if it used in
particular areas or conditions, such as:
– Polluted areas (cities and industrial areas).
– Areas characterized by an high percentage of salinity and humidity (sea areas,
hot and humid climates).
– Particular conditions (use of salt and antiice chemical products on the roads during
the winter).
– Avoid leaving deposits of industrial and
polluting powders, tar spots, dead insects, bird droppings, etc. on the body.
– Avoid parking the vehicle under trees,
since in some seasons residues, resins,
fruits or leaves fall down, which contain
substances that may damage the paint.
aWARNING
After the vehicle has been washed, its
braking functions could be temporarily
impaired because of the presence of
water on the grip surfaces.
Calculate long braking distances to
avoid accidents.
Brake repeatedly to restore normal conditions.
Carry out the preliminary checking operations, see p. 43 (PRELIMINARY
CHECKING OPERATIONS).
To remove dirt and mud from the painted
surfaces use a low- pressure water jet,
carefully wet the dirty parts, remove mud
and filth with a soft car sponge impregnated with a lot of water and shampoo (2 – 4%
parts of shampoo in water).
Then rinse with plenty of water and dry with
chamois leather.
To clean the outer parts of the engine use
a degreaser, brushes and wipers.
After washing the vehicle, always:
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see p.
52 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Remove the cap (1).
◆ Empty its content into a container and
deliver it to a salvage centre.
aCAUTION
To clean the lights, use a sponge
soaked with water and a neutral detergent, rubbing the surfaces delicately
and rinsing frequently with plenty of water.
Polish with silicone wax only after having carefully washed the vehicle.
Do not use polishing pastes on matt
paints.
Do not wash the vehicle under the sun,
especially during the summer, when the
body is still warm, since if the shampoo
dries before being rinsed away, it can
damage the paint.
Do not use liquids at a temperature exceeding 40°C to clean the plastic components of the vehicle.
aCAUTION
Do not direct high-pressure water or air
jets or steam jets on to the following
components: wheel hubs, controls on
the right and left side of the handlebar,
bearings, brake pumps, instruments
and indicators, exhaust pipes,
glove/tool kit compartment, ignition
switch/steering lock, radiator wings,
fuel cap, lights and electric connections.
Do not use alcohol, petrol or solvents to
clean the rubber and plastic parts and
the saddle: use only water and mild
soap.
aWARNING
Do not apply protection waxes onto the
saddle, in order not to make it too slippery.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
99
,/.' 0%2)/$3 /& ).!#4)6)49
After a long period of inactivity of the vehicle some precautions are necessary to
avoid any problem.
Further, it is important to carry out the necessary repairs and a general check up before the period of inactivity, since you could
forget to carry them out later.
Proceed as follows:
◆ Remove the battery, see p. 89 (REMOVING THE BATTERY) and p. 91 (LONG
INACTIVITY OF THE BATTERY).
◆ Wash and dry the vehicle, see p. 98
(CLEANING).
◆ Polish the painted surfaces with wax.
◆ Inflate the tyres, see p. 36 (TYRES).
100
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E.
◆ Place the vehicle in an unheated, not-hu-
mid room, away from sunlight, with minimum temperature variations.
NOTE Position
the vehicle on the front
m and rear m support stands, so that
both tyre are raised from the ground.
◆ Set the vehicle on the relevant front sup-
port stand, see 69 (POSITIONING THE
VEHICLE ON THE FRONT SUPPORT
STAND m).
◆ Put a plastic bag on each exhaust tailpipe and bind it around it, in order to prevent moisture from getting into the tailpipe.
◆ Cover the vehicle avoiding the use of
plastic or waterproof materials.
AFTER A PERIOD OF INACTIVITY
NOTE Withdraw
the plastic bags from
the exhaust tailpipes.
◆ Uncover and clean the vehicle, see p. 98
(CLEANING).
◆ Check the charge of the battery, see p.
90 (RECHARGING THE BATTERY) and
install it, see p. 90 (INSTALLING THE
BATTERY).
◆ Refill the fuel tank, see p. 27 (FUEL).
◆ Carry out the preliminary checking operations, see p. 4 3 ( P RE LIMIN AR Y
CHECKING OPERATIONS).
aWARNING
Have a test ride at moderate speed in a
low-traffic area.
4%#(.)#!, $!4!
DIMENSIONS
Max. length ............................................................
Max. width..............................................................
Max. height (front part of the fairing included) .......
Seat height.............................................................
Distance between centres......................................
Min. ground clearance ...........................................
Weight ready for starting........................................
2214 mm
910 mm
1253 mm
815 mm
1466 mm
200 mm
200 kg
ENGINE
Model .....................................................................
Type .......................................................................
Number of cylinders ...............................................
Total displacement.................................................
Bore/stroke.............................................................
Compression ratio..................................................
Starting...................................................................
Engine idling rpm ...................................................
Clutch.....................................................................
Lubrication system .................................................
Air cleaner..............................................................
Cooling...................................................................
655 EFI
one-cylinder, 4-stroke with 5 valves, 2 camshafts at the head
1
652 cm#
100 mm/83 mm
9 ± 0.5: 1
electric
1300 ± 100 rpm
multidisc in oil bath, with control on the left side of the handlebar
dry pan with separate oil tank
with dry filter cartridge
liquid-cooled
TRANSMISSION
Type ....................................................................... mechanical, 5 gears with foot control on the left side of the engine
CAPACITY
Fuel (reserve included) ..........................................
Fuel reserve ...........................................................
Engine oil ...............................................................
Fork oil ..................................................................
Coolant...................................................................
. Coolant ....................................................
Seats......................................................................
Vehicle max. load ..................................................
21 L
5L
oil change 2150 cm# – oil and oil filter change 2200 cm#
570 cm# (per rod)
1.4 L (50% water + 50% antifreeze with ethylene glycol)
1,25 L (50% water + 50% antifreeze with ethylene glycol)
2
180 kg (driver + passenger + luggage)
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GEAR RATIOS
DRIVE CHAIN
Ratio
Primary
Secondary
Final ratio
Total ratio
1ª
37/72 = 1 : 1.946 12/33 = 1 : 2.750
16/46 = 1 : 2.875
15.385
2ª
16/28 = 1 : 1.750
9.791
3ª
16/21 = 1 : 1.312
7.34
4ª
22/23 = 1 : 1.045
5.846
5ª
24/21 = 1 : 0.875
4.895
Type ....................................................................... endless (with no connection link) with sealed links
Model ..................................................................... 525
FUEL SUPPLY
SYSTEM
Type ....................................................................... electronic injection (Multipoint)
Choke..................................................................... Ø 34 mm
FUEL SUPPLY
Fuel ........................................................................ Unleaded petrol according to the DIN 51 607 standard, min. O.N. 95
(N.O.R.M.) and 85 (N.O.M.M.)
FRAME
Type ....................................................................... composite structure in steel and light alloy, with removable cradle and saddle
pillar
Steering inclination angle....................................... 28°
Fore stroke............................................................. 109 mm
SUSPENSIONS
Front....................................................................... upside-down telescopic adjustable fork with hydraulic operation, rod Ø 45
mm
Stroke..................................................................... 170 mm
Rear ....................................................................... oscillating rear fork with differentiated profile arms and hydraulic adjustable
mono-shock absorber
Wheel stroke .......................................................... 165 mm
BRAKES
Front....................................................................... disc brake – Ø 300 mm – with hydraulic transmission
Rear ....................................................................... disc brake – Ø 240 mm – with hydraulic transmission
WHEEL RIMS
Type ....................................................................... light alloy with spokes
Front....................................................................... 2.15 x 19”
Rear ....................................................................... 3.00 x 17”
TYRES
FRONT..................................................................
– alternative......................................................
– Inflation pressure - solo rider
– off-road driving ..............................................
– asphalted road ..............................................
– Inflation pressure rider with passenger
– off-road driving ..............................................
– asphalted road...............................................
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100/90 – 19 57 H
100/90 – R19 57 H; 100/90 – 19 57 S; 100/90 – 19 57 T
190 kPa (1.9 bar)
190 kPa (1.9 bar)
190 kPa (1.9 bar)
190 kPa (1.9 bar)
TYRES
REAR ....................................................................
– alternative......................................................
– Inflation pressure - solo rider
– off-road driving ..............................................
– asphalted road...............................................
– Inflation pressure rider with passenger
– off-road driving ..............................................
– asphalted road...............................................
130/80 – R17 65 H
140/70 – 17 66 H; 130/80 – 17 65 S;
130/80 – 17 65 T; 130/80 – 17 65 H
210 kPa (2.1 bar)
210 kPa (2.1 bar)
210 kPa (2.1 bar)
230 kPa (2.3 bar)
IGNITION
Type ....................................................................... SAGEM - inductive ignition system
SPARK PLUGS
Standard ................................................................ NGK R DR8EB
Spark plug gap....................................................... 0.6 – 0.7 mm
Resistance ............................................................. 5 kΩ
ELECTRIC SYSTEM
Battery.................................................................... 12 V – 12 Ah
Fuses .................................................................... 7.5 A – 15 A – 20 A
Generator (with permanent magnet) ..................... 12 V – 270 W
BULBS
Low beam bulb/high beam ....................................
High beam .............................................................
Front parking light ..................................................
Direction indicators ................................................
Rear parking lights/Stoplight ..................................
Number plate light..................................................
Revolution counter .................................................
Speedometer ........................................................
Coolant temperature indicator................................
12 V – 55/60 W
12 V – 60 W
12 V – 3 W
12 V – 10 W
12 V – 5/21 W
12 V – 3 W
12 V – 2 W
12 V – 2 W
12 V – 2 W
WARNING LIGHTS
Neutral ...................................................................
Direction indicators ................................................
Fuel reserve ...........................................................
High beam..............................................................
Engine oil pressure ................................................
Diagnostics ............................................................
12 V – 3 W
12 V – 3 W
12 V – 3 W
12 V – 3 W
12 V – 3 W
12 V – 3 W
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,5"2)#!.4 #(!24
0
Engine oil (recommended):
SUPERBIKE 4, SAE 5W-40 or
4T FORMULA RACING, SAE 5W-40.
As an alternative to the recommended oil, it is possible to use high-quality oils with characteristics in compliance with or superior to the
CCMC G-4, A.P.I. SG specifications.
Fork oil (recommended):
0
0
F.A. 5W or
F.A. 20 W fork oil;
an alternative
FORK 5W or
FORK 20W fork oil.
If you need an oil with intermediate characteristics in comparison with the
F.A. 5W and
FORK 20W, these can be mixed as indicated below:
0
SAE 10W =
SAE 15W =
0 F.A. 20 W or
FORK 5W and
0 F.A. 5W 67% of the volume, + 0 F.A. 20W 33% of the volume or
FORK 5W 67% of the volume +
FORK 20W 33% of the volume.
FORK 5W 33% of the volume +
FORK 20W 67% of the volume.
0 F.A. 5W 33% of the volume, + 0 F.A. 20W 67% of the volume or
0
Bearings and other lubrication points (recommended):
AUTOGREASE MP or
GREASE 30.
As an alternative to the recommended product, use high-quality grease for rolling bearings, working temperature range -30 °C…+140 °C,
dripping point 150 °C…230 °C, high protection against corrosion, good resistance to water and oxidation.
Protection of the battery poles: neutral grease or Vaseline.
Spray grease for chains (recommended):
0 CHAIN SPRAY or
CHAIN LUBE.
aWARNING
Use new brake fluid only.
Brake fluid (recommended):
0 F.F., DOT 5 (compatible with DOT 4) or
BRAKE 5.1, DOT 5 (compatible with DOT 4).
aWARNING
Use only antifreeze and anticorrosive without nitrite, ensuring protection at -35 °C at least.
Engine coolant (recommended):
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0 ECOBLU -40 °C or
COOL.
./4%
!3+ &/2 '%.5).% 30!2% 0!243 /.,9
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)MPORTERS
106
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7)2).' $)!'2!- 0EGASO )%
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7)2).' $)!'2!- +%9 0EGASO )%
1)
2)
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32)
33)
34)
Side stand switch
Multiple connectors
Clutch control lever switch
Diode 1
Diode 2
Engine oil pressure switch
Neutral gear switch
Light relay
Low fuel warning light
High beam warning light
Direction indicator warning light
Diagnostic warning light
Neutral warning light
Engine oil pressure Warning light
Dashboard bulbs
Coolant temperature indicator
Dashboard resistance
Dashboard
Blinking
Horn
Left dimmer switch
Ignition switch
Right dimmer switch
Rear left direction indicator
Parking light bulb/rear stoplight
Electronic unit
Rear light
Number plate bulb
Rear right direction indicator
Front stoplight switch
Rear stoplight switch
Thermal switch cooling electrofan
Cooling electrofan
Injection relay
35)
36)
37)
38)
39)
40)
41)
42)
43)
44)
45)
46)
47)
48)
49)
50)
51)
Start relay
Starter
Battery
Voltage regulator
Fuses
Generator
Pick up
Fuel pump
Low fuel sensor
Injector 2
Injector 1
Throttle valve position sensor
Coolant temperature thermistor
Air thermistor
Spark plug
Coil
Octane number selection (not
provided as standard equipment)
52) Diagnostic connection
53) Front right direction indicator
54) High beam bulbs
55) Low beam bulb/high beam
56) Front parking light bulb
57) Headlight
58) Front left direction indicator
59) Fall sensor
X) Shielded cables
#!",% #/,/523
Ar
Az
B
Bi
G
Gr
M
N
R
Ro
V
Vi
Orange
Light blue
Blue
White
Yellow
Grey
Brown
Black
Red
Pink
Green
Violet
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./4%
!3+ &/2 '%.5).% 30!2% 0!243 /.,9
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./4%
!3+ &/2 '%.5).% 30!2% 0!243 /.,9
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111
aprilia s.p.a.wishes to thank its customers for the purchase of this vehicle:
– Do not dispose of oil, fuel, polluting substances and components in the environment.
– Do not keep the engine running if it isn’t necessary.
– Avoid disturbing noises.
– Respect nature.
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