APRILIA Scarabeo 50 I.E.-100 4T Specifications

1118 2
SCARABEO 50 I.E. - 50 /100 4T
www.serviceaprilia.com
02/2003-00
8140696
UK
workshopmanual
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
INTRODUCTION
FOREWORD
– This manual contains information covering normal servicing procedures.
– The information and illustrations contained in this manual
are current as of the manual’s publication. Since aprilia
s.p.a. strives to always improve the quality and usefulness of its vehicles, changes may be made to the vehicles
at any time. Thus, it is imperative that users of this manual
understand that some information may be out of date for
some vehicles. Be sure that the information in this manual
applies to the vehicle that you are servicing before you
begin any service operations.
– This publication is intended for aprilia dealers and their
trained and qualified mechanics. The description of many
service and repair operations is intentionally omitted, as
it is assumed that the users of this manual have basic
mechanical training, basic knowledge of the procedures
regarding motor vehicle repair, and have available to
them all current information published by aprilia concerning the vehicle. Without these things, the repair or servicing of the vehicle could be affected and could lead to a
dangerous condition or accident for the servicing mechanic or the operator. This manual does not describe all
of the procedures necessary to repair and service the
vehicle in detail. Therefore, it is important to be particularly careful in order to avoid any damage to the vehicle,
its parts, or to cause injury to the mechanic or the rider.
Changes in the technical specifications and servicing
procedures that become necessary as a result of changes
to aprilia vehicles will be documented and distributed to
all aprilia dealers.
Therefore, it is necessary that the latest aprilia information be kept available to the servicing mechanics. If you
have questions regarding repair and servicing procedures, contact the aprilia Consumer Service (A.C.S.).
A.C.S. technical counselors will be able to assist you with
any problems that you might face.
For further information refer to:
– ENGINE SERVICE AND REPAIR MANUAL
8140645
(1091) - I
(1092) - E
8140646
8140647
(1093) - F
8140648
(1094) - D
8140649
(1095) - UK
8140697
(1119) - I
8140698
(1120) - UK
– ENGINE AND FRAME SPARE PARTS CATALOGUE
Scarabeo 50 4T
5652
Scarabeo 100 4T 6631
Scarabeo 50 IE
5601
aprilia s.p.a. reserves the right to modify any of its models in any manner at any time.
This manual is protected by copyright in all countries. Reproduction by any means, print or electronic, is prohibited.
The mention of products or services supplied by entities
other than aprilia is made for information purposes only.
aprilia is not responsible for the performance or use of any
product not specifically recommended or endorsed by
aprilia.
First edition: february 2003
Reprint:
Produced and printed by:
CLD s.r.l. editing division
Via D. Alighieri, 37/A - 56012 Fornacette (PI)
Tel. +39 (0)587 - 42 28 00
Fax +39 (0)587 - 42 28 01
www.cld.it
E-mail: cld@cld.it
On behalf of:
aprilia Consumer Service s.p.a.
Via G. Galilei, 1 - 30033 Noale (VE) - Italia
Tel. +39 (0)41 - 58 29 111
Fax +39 (0)41 - 58 29 190
www.aprilia.com
This manual is divided into sections, chapters and paragraphs, by subject. The procedures described are laid out
in single operation, and each operation is indicated by a “♦”.
The numbered parts shown in the figures are identified in
the text with the number in parentheses or with the symbol
repre-senting them.
Example (the following text is generic and does not refer to
this specific vehicle):
section
MAIN INDEPENDENT CONTROLS
2
chapter
safety
warning
paragraph
operation
STEERING LOCK
WARNING
Never turn the key to position “ ” while
the vehicle is being operated. If you do
so, you will lose control of the vehicle, and
a crash will ensue.
OPERATION
To lock the steering:
♦ Turn the handlebar completely to the left.
position (2)
♦ Turn the key (2) to position “ ” (OFF) and
press it.
symbol “ ”
♦ Release the key and rotate it to position
“ ” (LOCK).
♦ Remove the key.
SAFETY WARNINGS
Throughout this manual, you will see the following symbols:
WARNING
When you find this symbol on the vehicle or in the
vehicle, this indicates that a potential for serious personal injury or death exists. Failure to follow this warning may result in serious risk of personal injury or
death, of the mechanic working on the vehicle, the
operator of the vehicle, or the general public. It also
indicates that serious and permanent damage to the
vehicle is possible.
CAUTION
This statement indicates a potential hazard which may
result in some personal injury, or damage to the vehicle.
NOTE The word “NOTE” in this manual precedes important information or instructions to which special attention
must be given.
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GENERAL SAFETY RULES
CARBON MONOXIDE
If it is necessary to let the engine run in order to carry out
some work, make sure that the area in which you are
operating is properly ventilated. Never run the engine in
enclosed spaces.
If it is necessary to work indoors, use an exhaust evacuation system.
Always wear goggles when servicing the brake system with brake fluid. Brake fluid is extremely destructive to your eyes. If you should accidentally get brake
fluid in your eyes, flush immediately with a large quantity of cool clear water and seek professional medical
assistance immediately.
KEEP BRAKE FLUID AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
WARNING
Exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, a poisonous gas that may cause fainting or even death.
Run the engine in an open area or, if it is necessary to
work indoors, use an exhaust evacuation system.
COOLANT
In certain conditions, the ethylene glycol contained in the
engine coolant is flammable: its flame is invisible, but you
can be burned anyway.
WARNING
The fuel used in internal combustion engines is
highly flammable and can be explosive under certain
conditions.
Avoid spilling the engine coolant on the exhaust
system or on the engine components. They may be
hot enough to cause the coolant to ignite and burn
without a visible flame.
The coolant (ethylene glycol) can cause skin irritation
and is poisonous if swallowed.
Engine coolant is extremely attractive to animals and
pets, as well as being extremely toxic to them. Do not
leave coolant in an open container where animals may
be able to drink it.
KEEP FUEL AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
KEEP COOLANT AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
HOT COMPONENTS
Do not remove the radiator cap when the engine is hot.
The coolant is under pressure and may cause burns.
FUEL
Work in a well ventilated area. Keep cigarettes, flames or
sparks away from the work area and from the place
where fuel is stored.
WARNING
WARNING
The engine and the components of the exhaust
system become very hot and remain hot for some
time after the engine has been stopped. Before
handling these components, wear insulating gloves
or wait until the engine and the exhaust system have
cooled down.
USED ENGINE OIL
WARNING
Use latex gloves for the maintenance operations that
require contact with used oil. Used engine oil may
cause skin cancer if repeatedly left in contact with
the skin for prolonged periods. Although this is
unlikely unless you handle used oil on a daily basis,
it is advisable to thoroughly wash your hands with
soap and water after handling used oil.
KEEP OIL AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
BRAKE FLUID
WARNING
The brake fluid can damage painted, plastic or rubber
parts. When performing maintenance operations on the
braking system, put a clean shop towel on these parts.
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BATTERY HYDROGEN GAS AND
ELECTROLYTE
WARNING
The battery gives off explosive gases; keep cigarettes,
flames and sparks away from the battery. Pro-vide adequate ventilation when operating or recharging the
battery.
The battery contains sulphuric acid (electrolyte).
Contact with the skin or the eyes may cause serious
burns.
Always wear tight fitting goggles and protective clothing when handling battery electrolyte. It is particularly
important for you to protect your eyes, since even a
minuscule amount of battery acid can destroy your
vision. Should you accidentally get even the smallest
amount of battery acid on your skin or eyes, immediately flush with large quantities of clear cool water and
immediately seek professional medical attention.
The electrolyte is poisonous.
If the electrolyte is accidentally swallowed, drink large
quantities of water or milk and then milk of magnesia
or vegetable oil. Seek professional medical attention
immediately.
KEEP BATTERIES AND ELECTROLYTE AWAY FROM
CHILDREN.
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PRECAUTIONS AND GENERAL INFORMATION
REASSEMBLING THE COMPONENTS
Follow with care these recommendations when repairing,
disassembling and reassembling the vehicle.
WARNING
The use of naked flames is forbidden for any type of operation. Before commencing any service or inspection
opera-tion on the vehicle, switch off the engine and remove the key, wait until the engine and the exhaust system have cooled down and, if possible, raise the vehicle
with the suitable equipment onto firm flat ground.
The brakes also get quite hot in operation. Be sure that
the brakes have cooled thoroughly before beginning any
service operations.
In order to avoid burns, be careful not to touch any parts
of the engine or exhaust systems which have not cooled
down completely.
Avoid the temptation to hold any hardware or other part of
the vehicle in your mouth while working on the
motorscooter.
No part of the motorscooter is edible and some of the coatings, plastics, and platings, etc. are noxious if not outright toxic. If not expressly described, the reassembly of
the units is carried out by reversing the order of operations. Handle fuel with the greatest caution. See gasoline
warning above.
Never use fuel as a solvent for cleaning the vehicle.
Disconnect the negative cable (–) from the battery when
electric welding.
When two or more persons are working together, make
sure that each is working in safe conditions.
Be sure that all the mechanics working on any one vehicle
are thoroughly briefed as what each will be doing, and insure that one mechanic is responsible for insuring that all
safety related items, such as tightening torques, are properly considered.
BEFORE DISASSEMBLY
– Remove any dirt, mud, dust and foreign matter from the
vehicle before disassembling the components.
– Use, when necessary, the special tools designed for this
vehicle.
WARNING
Do not use makeshift tools for any operation which calls
for a special tool. Failure to heed this warning can lead to
serious personal injury such as when an ill-fitting wrench
slips, and you slam your hand into the workbench or a
part of the vehicle.
WARNING
Never use a circlip twice. When a circlip is removed,
it must be replaced with a new one.
When assembling a new circlip be careful not to stretch
its ends more than strictly necessary to put it on the
shaft.
After installing a circlip, make sure that it is completely
and firmly inserted in its seat.
Do not use compressed air to clean the bearings.
NOTE The bearings must rotate freely, without halting
or noise otherwise they must be replaced.
Use only original aprilia SPARE PARTS.
Use the recommended lubricants.
Always lubricate parts before reassembly.
When tightening screws, nuts, and bolts, start with the
largest diameter fasteners. When several fasteners are
arranged in a pattern, start with the innermost fasteners, and tighten diagonally across the pattern.
Tighten each fastener successively before applying the
final tightening torque.
– Always replace gaskets, grommets, circlips, O-rings
and split pins (cotter pins) with new ones.
Before assembling, clean all mating surfaces carefully,
removing all traces of the old gasket and gasket
sealing compound. Also carefully clean any oil seal you
plan to reuse. It is recommended that all oil seals be
replaced each time they are disassembled. Gaskets
should never be reused.
Apply a thin film of lithium based grease to all oil seals
before assembling.
Install oil seals and bearings with the identification
mark or serial number facing outward (visible). Copiously lubricate bearings before installation and be-fore
assembly.
– Make sure that each component has been reassembled correctly.
– After any repair or periodic maintenance operation is
carried out, the vehicle must be test ridden in an area
away from traffic and other hazards.
–
–
–
–
DISASSEMBLING THE COMPONENTS
– Before disconnecting any pipe, cable, etc., mark each part
with a number or distinguishing mark. Each disconnected
part must be marked clearly in order that it may be reassembled in the same position as it was before disassembly.
– Clean and carefully wash all disassembled parts with
fireproof solvent or a nonflammable detergent.
– Keep mating parts together, since they have worn in during
normal use. There are some sets of parts, such as front
sprocket, chain, and rear wheel sprocket, which all must
be replaced as a set.
– Be careful not to put plastic or painted parts close to heat
sources, where they might be damaged.
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ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS
The electrical connectors must be disconnected as follows.
Failure to follow these procedures will irreparably damage the connector and wiring.
♦ Press in the click tab.
CAUTION
Do not pull the cables to disconnect the two connectors.
♦ Grasp the two connectors and disconnect them by
pulling in opposite directions.
♦ If dirt, rust, dust, or moisture is seen on the connector,
blow out the connector with air.
♦ Make sure that the cables are correctly crimped to the
terminals positioned inside the connectors.
NOTE The two halves of the connector fit together
properly in only one orientation. Ensure that the connector is properly aligned before attempting to assemble it.
♦ Press the connectors firmly together, listening for the
typical “click” sound for those connectors provided with
a click tab. Ensure that both halves of the connectors
are firmly pressed together.
TIGHTENING TORQUES
The table below shows tightening torques for screws and
bolts with metric ISO threads, as is used in this vehicle.
These are general values to be used if no specific value
is given in this manual or other aprilia service literature.
Screw
thread
M4
M5
M6
M8
M 10
M 12
M 14
M 16
Spanner
7
8
10
12
14
17
19
22
Tightening torques
ftlb
(Nm)
0.3
0.6
1.0
2.5
5.0
8.0
13.5
21.0
3
6
10
25
50
80
135
210
For specific fasteners, see p. 11 (TIGHTENING TORQUES FOR SPECIFIC FASTENERS). If not otherwise
indicated, the tightening torques shown should be used
for clean and dry threads, at room temperature.
NOTE To avoid damage to the threads, tighten screws
and bolts as follows:
♦ Run up the fasteners finger tight.
♦ Applying half the prescribed tightening torque, tighten
the fasteners that are diametrically opposite each
other: (A) and (B); (C) and (D).
♦ Repeat applying the prescribed tightening torque.
NOTE In this way the pressure exerted by the
fastening elements will be uniformly distributed on the
joint surface.
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HOW TO USEYOUR SERVICE AND REPAIR
MANUAL
ADVICE FOR CONSULTATION
This manual is divided into chapters, each one of which
corresponds to a category of main components. To
consult them, see the general index, see p. 6 (TABLE OF
CONTENTS).
If not expressly indicated otherwise, for the reassembly
of the units repeat the disassembly operations in reverse
order.
The terms “right” and “left” are referred to the rider
seated on the vehicle in the normal riding position.
For normal maintenance operations and for the use of
the vehicle, consult the “USE AND MAINTENANCE”
manual.
★ The operations preceded by this symbol must
be repeated also on the opposite side of the
vehicle.
NOTE When asking your Dealer for spare parts,
specify the spare parts code indicated on the SPARE
PARTS IDENTIFICATION LABEL.
Write down the identification code in the space here
below, in order to remember it also in case of loss or
deterioration of the label.
The identification label is found on the left-hand tube of
the frame; to be able to read it, remove the inspection
cover, see p. 22 (REMOVING THE INSPECTION
COVER).
5652
In this manual the various versions are indicated by
the following symbols:
optional
drum brake version
VERSION:
Italy
Poland
United Kingdom
Israel
Austria
South Korea
Portugal
Malaysia
Finland
Chile
Belgium
Bermuda
Germany
United States of America
France
Australia
Spain
Brazil
Greece
South Africa
Holland
New Zealand
Switzerland
Canada
Denmark
Croatia
Japan
Slovenia
Singapore
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CONTENTS
FOREWORD ....................................................................... 1
INTRODUCTION ................................................................. 1
SAFETY WARNINGS ......................................................... 1
GENERAL SAFETY RULES .............................................. 2
CARBON MONOXIDE ........................................................ 2
FUEL ................................................................................... 2
HOT COMPONENTS .......................................................... 2
USED ENGINE OIL ............................................................. 2
BRAKE FLUID ..................................................................... 2
COOLANT ........................................................................... 2
BATTERY HYDROGEN GAS AND
ELECTROLYTE .................................................................. 2
PRECAUTION AND GENERAL INFORMATIONS .............. 3
ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS ............................................ 4
TIGHTENING TORQUES ................................................... 4
HOW TO USE
YOUR SERVICE AND REPAIR MANUAL ......................... 5
TECHNICAL DATA ............................................................. 8
TIGHTENING TORQUES TABLE
............................... 10
TIGHTENING TORQUES TABLE
................................ 11
TIGHTENING TORQUES TABLE 100 ............................... 12
LUBRICANT CHART ........................................................ 13
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVAL CHART ....................... 14
IDENTIFICATION DATA ................................................... 17
FRAME NUMBER ............................................................. 17
ENGINE NUMBER ............................................................ 17
ARRANGEMENT OF THE MAIN ELEMENTS
........... 18
100 ..... 18
ARRANGEMENT OF THE MAIN ELEMENTS
ARRANGEMENT OF THE INSTRUMENTS /
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS ................................ 19
THROTTLE ....................................................................... 20
CHECKING THE OPERATION OF THE THROTTLE
CONTROL ......................................................................... 20
ADJUSTING THE THROTTLE CONTROL ....................... 21
FAIRINGS ......................................................................... 22
REMOVING THE LUGGAGE RACK ................................. 22
REMOVING THE INSPECTION COVER .......................... 22
REMOVING THE REAR PART OF THE FAIRING ............ 22
REMOVING THE REAR MUDGUARD ............................. 24
REMOVING THE FOOTBOARD ....................................... 24
REMOVING THE LOWER SHIELD .................................. 24
REMOVING THE FRONT COVER ................................... 25
REMOVING THE FRONT INNER SHIELD ....................... 25
REMOVING THE REAR-VIEW MIRRORS ....................... 26
REMOVING THE FRONT HANDLEBAR COVER ............ 26
REMOVING THE REAR HANDLEBAR COVER ............... 27
REMOVING THE FRONT OUTER SHIELD ..................... 27
REMOVING THE BUMPER .............................................. 28
REMOVING THE FRONT MUDGUARD ........................... 28
....................... 29
REMOVING THE SADDLE SUPPORT
100 ................. 30
REMOVING THE SADDLE SUPPORT
FUEL TANK ...................................................................... 31
FUEL ................................................................................. 31
DRAINING THE FUEL TANK
...................................... 32
REMOVING THE FUEL PUMP FLANGE .......................... 32
CLEANING THE FUEL FILTER ........................................ 32
100
DRAINING THE FUEL TANK
................................ 33
CLEANING THE FUEL FILTER ........................................ 33
6
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CHECKING THE FUEL LEVEL GAUGE UNIT ................. 33
........... 33
REMOVING THE FUEL LEVEL GAUGE UNIT
REMOVING FUEL TANK
............................................. 34
100 ....................................... 34
REMOVING FUEL TANK
......................................................... 35
MIXER OIL TANK
CHECKING ....................................................................... 35
DRAINING ......................................................................... 35
REMOVAL ......................................................................... 36
BLEEDING THE MIXER OIL TANK .................................. 36
DISASSEMBLING THE OIL PUMP ................................... 37
FUEL PUMP
................................................................ 37
BULBS .............................................................................. 38
HEADLIGHT ..................................................................... 38
ADJUSTING THE HEADLIGHT BEAM VERTICALLY ...... 38
CHANGING THE HEADLIGHT BULBS ............................ 39
REMOVING THE HEADLIGHT ......................................... 39
FRONT AND REAR DIRECTION
INDICATORS
................................................................... 40
CHANGING THE BULB .................................................... 40
CHANGING THE FRONT DIRECTION
100 ............................................................40
INDICATOR
REMOVING THE COMPLETE DIRECTION
................................................................. 41
INDICATOR
REAR LIGHT .................................................................... 42
CHANGING THE REAR LIGHT BULB .............................. 42
CHANGING REAR DIRECTION INDICATOR
LAMP BULBS .................................................................... 42
REMOVING THE REAR LIGHT ........................................ 42
NUMBER PLATE LAMP BULB 100 .................................. 43
CHANGING NUMBER PLATE LAMP BULB ..................... 43
REMOVING NUMBER PLATE LAMP BULB ..................... 43
DASHBOARD
............................................................. 43
CHANGING THE DASHBOARD BULBS .......................... 43
100 ....................................................... 44
DASHBOARD
CHANGING THE DASHBOARD BULBS .......................... 44
REMOVING THE COMPLETE DASHBOARD .................. 45
REMOVING THE DASHBOARD
TRANSPARENT SCREEN ................................................ 45
BRAKES ........................................................................... 46
DISC BRAKES ................................................................. 47
FRONT AND REAR BRAKE ............................................. 48
BRAKE PADS ................................................................... 50
CHECKING WEAR OF THE BRAKE PADS ..................... 50
CHANGING THE BRAKE PADS ....................................... 50
BLEEDING THE BRAKING SYSTEM .............................. 51
BRAKE CALIPERS .......................................................... 52
REMOVING THE FRONT BRAKE CALIPER ................... 52
REMOVING THE REAR BRAKE CALIPER ...................... 52
100 ............. 53
REMOVING THE REAR BRAKE SHOES
TRANSMISSION ............................................................... 54
CHECKING THE TRANSMISSION OIL LEVEL ................ 54
CHANGING THE TRANSMISSION OIL ........................... 54
WHEELS / TIRES ............................................................. 55
INSPECTING THE WHEELS ............................................ 55
TIRES ................................................................................ 55
FRONT WHEEL ................................................................ 57
DISASSEMBLY ................................................................. 57
CHECKING ....................................................................... 58
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REASSEMBLY ..................................................................
REAR WHEEL ..................................................................
DISASSEMBLY .................................................................
CHECKING THE ENGINE FULCRUM AXIS ....................
IGNITION SWITCH / STEERING LOCK ..........................
REMOVAL .........................................................................
AIR CLEANER
.............................................................
REMOVAL THE AIR FILTER .............................................
REMOVING THE COMPLETE AIR CLEANER
CASING ............................................................................
100 ......................................................
AIR CLEANER
REMOVAL THE AIR FILTER .............................................
CLEANING ........................................................................
REMOVING THE COMPLETE AIR CLEANER
CASING ............................................................................
FORK HEAD .....................................................................
CHECKING THE BEARING PLAY ....................................
ADJUSTING THE BEARING PLAY ..................................
REMOVING THE FORK HEAD BEARINGS .....................
FRONT FORK ...................................................................
REMOVING THE COMPLETE FORK ...............................
DISASSEMBLING THE LOWER FORK LEGS .................
REMOVING THE COMPLETE DAMPER .........................
REAR SUSPENSION .......................................................
REMOVAL .........................................................................
EXHAUST SILENCER ......................................................
DISASSEMBLY .................................................................
ENGINE ............................................................................
REMOVING THE ENGINE FROM THE FRAME ..............
ENGINE MOUNTING BUSHINGS ....................................
REMOVAL .........................................................................
BATTERY ..........................................................................
CHECKING AND CLEANING THE TERMINALS AND
CLAMPS ...........................................................................
REMOVING THE BATTERY .............................................
ACCESSING THE BATTERY ............................................
REMOVING COMPLETELY ..............................................
CHECKING THE ELECTROLYTE LEVEL ........................
RECHARGING THE BATTERY ........................................
INSTALLING THE BATTERY ............................................
CHANGING FUSES ..........................................................
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ....................................................
58
60
60
61
61
61
62
62
62
64
64
64
65
66
66
66
67
68
68
68
68
69
69
69
69
70
70
73
73
74
75
75
75
75
75
76
77
77
78
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TECHNICAL DATA
DIMENSIONS
Max. length
Max. width (at brake levers)
Max. height (at rear view mirrors)
Seat height
Wheel base
Min. ground clearance
Weight unloaded (ready for the road)
1905 mm (75 in)
705 mm (27.7 in)
1270 mm (50.0 in)
780 mm (30.7 in)
100 1256 mm (49.4 in)
1250 mm (49.2 in) 100 140 mm (5.5 in)
145 mm (5.7 in) 100 100 Kg (220.5 lbs)
92 Kg (202.8 in) -
ENGINE
Model
Type
Number of cylinders
Total displacement
100 4T
2T 100 4T2V
ABAI Horizontal single-cylinder
49.38 cm3 (3.01 cu.in) 49.9 cm3 (3.04 cu.in) 100 96.21 cm3 (5.86 cu.in)
41 mm / 37.4 mm (1.6 in / 1.4 in)
39 mm / 41.8 mm (1.5 in / 1.6 in)
100 50 mm / 49 mm (2 in / 1.9 in)
10.5:1 11.5 at 12:1 - 100 10.5:1
100 electric + kick starter
electric centrifugal
automatic continuous variator
ventilated automatic continuous variator
forced air system
Bore / stroke
Compression ratio
Starting
Clutch
Change gear
Change gear
Cooling
TRANSMISSION
Variator
Primary
automatic continuous
V-belt
minimum for stepless gearbox:
2.90 maximum for stepless gearbox:
0.75 gears
Ratios
Secondary
CAPACITIES
Fuel (reserve included)
Fuel reserve
Transmission oil
Engine oil
Mixer oil (reserve included)
Mixer oil reserve
Seats
100
100
2.63
0.76
8 l (2.1 gal)
1 l (0.2 gal)
100 100 cm3 (6.1 cu.in)
120 cm3 (7.32 cu.in) 100 850 cm3 (51.8 cu.in)
1.5 l (0.39 gal)
0.6 l (0.15 gal)
1 (2 in the countries where this is allowed)
2 100
Max loading capacity
(driver + passenger + baggage)
180 Kg (396.8 lbs)
CARBURETTOR
Model
- standard
Choke tube
100
KEIHIN CVK 17 KEIHIN CVK 20 - DELLORTO PHVD 22
throttle body BING Ø 18 mm (0.70 in) 100 Ø 20 mm / 22 mm (0.78 in / 0.86 in)
FUEL SUPPLY
100
Fuel
8
3.07 0.93 -
premium petrol DIN 51 607 (4 Stars), minimum octane number
98 (N.O.R.M.) and 88 (N.O.M.M.)
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FRAME
Type
split single tube with double cradle
SUSPENSIONS
Front
Stroke
Rear
Stroke
BRAKES
Front
Rear
100
Rear
hydraulically operated telescopic fork
80 mm (3.14 in)
hydraulic single-shock absorber
80 mm (3.14 in)
disc brake, Ø 220 mm (8.66 in) with hydraulic transmission
disc brake, Ø 190 mm (7.48 in) with hydraulic transmission
Ø 140 mm (5.51 in)
WHEEL RIMS
Type
Front
Rear
alloy
1.60 x 16”
1.85 x 16”
TYRES
Front
2.50 x16” 42J - 100 80 / 80 x 16”
SAVA MC 26 CAPRI 46M REINF
2.75 x16” 46J - 100 90 / 80 x 16”
SAVA MC 26 CAPRI 52M REINF
Rear
STANDARD INFLATION PRESSURE
Front
190 kPa (1.9 bar/27.55 psi)
220 kPa (2.2 bar/31.9 psi)
Rear
INFLATION PRESSURE WITH PASSENGER (in the countries where this is allowed)
Front
190 kPa (1.9 bar/27.55 psi)
230 kPa (2.3 bar/33.35 psi)
Rear
IGNITION
Type
Spark advance
Spark advance
Spark advance 100
Standard spark plug
Spark plug gap
rpm at slow running
ELECTRIC SYSTEM
Battery
Fuses
Generator (with permanent magnet)
Low / high beam bulbs
Parking light bulb
Direction indicators bulbs
Stop/tail light bulb
Number plate bulb
Dashboard lighting bulb
High beam warning lights
Direction indicators warning lights
Mixer oil reserve warning light
Injection check warning light
100 C.D.I.
T.C.I. variable with 20° at 4000 rpm
26°
17° at 7500 rpm
NGK CPR 8E Champion RG 4 PHP - Champion RG 4
HC - NGK CR8EB - 100 NGK R8 - Champion RG 4 HC
0.55 ± 0.65 mm (0.021 - 0.025 in) 0.7 ± 0.8 mm (0.028
- 0.031 in) - 100 0.8 ± 0.9 mm (0.031 - 0.035 in)
1900 ± 50
12 V - 4 Ah (sealed
) - 12 V - 9 Ah
7.5 A
100 13 V - 120 W
12 V - 140 W /
12 V - 35 / 35 W
12 V - 5 W (W 2.1 x 9.5 d)
12 V - 10 W
12 V - 5/21 W
12 V - 5 W
12 V - 1.2 W
12 V - 1.2 W
12 V - 3 W
12 V - 1.2 W
12 V - 2 W
Release 00
2003-02
100
9
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
TIGHTENING TORQUES TABLE
DESCRIPTION
Nm
ftlb
44
32.45
Frame connecting rod nut M10
44
32.45
Engine connecting rod nut M10
44
32.45
7
5.16
FRAME ASSEMBLY
Shock absorber-frame coupling M10
ENGINE MOUNT CONNECTING RODS ASSEMBLY
FRONT SUSPENSION ASSEMBLY
Pumping element-fork sleeve tightening screw M10
ENGINE ASSEMBLY
Throttle body clamp screw M4
2
1.47
Shock absorber-engine coupling M10
44
32.45
7
5.16
FILTER CASE ASSEMBLY
Filter case fastening screw M6
EXHAUST ASSEMBLY
Cylinder-exhaust pipe fastening nut M6
Exhaust pipe bracket-engine fastening screw M8
Exhaust silencer fastening screw M6
10
7.37
21,5
15.85
7
5.16
FRONT WHEEL ASSEMBLY
Fork clip-wheel pin fastening screw M6
12
8.85
Front wheel pin nut M12
35
25.81
130
95.88
Front brake caliper-fork fastening M8
23
16.96
Brake pump clamps fastening screw M6
10
7.37
Brake pump-caliper pipe
18
13.27
REAR WHEEL ASSEMBLY
Rear wheel nut M16
FRONT BRAKE ASSEMBLY
Brake caliper bleeder cap
14
10.32
Front brake disc fastening screw M8
23
16.96
Rear brake caliper fastening screw M8
23
16.96
Handlebar rear break lever screw M6
7
5.16
Brake pump clamps fastening screw M6
10
7.37
23
16.96
Handlebar clamp fastening screw M10
44
32.45
Acceleration and starter controls M5
2
1.47
Steering unit nut M25
10
7.37
REAR BRAKE ASSEMBLY
Brake pump-caliper pipe
Brake caliper bleeder cap
Rear brake disc fastening screw M8
HANDLEBAR AND CONTROLS ASSEMBLY
Brake oil tank cap fastening screw
9
6.63
110
81.13
12
8.85
Fuel tank fastening screw M6
10
7.37
Various fuel tank clamps
3
2.21
Tank flange clamp M8
3
2.21
Fairing fastening screws M6
5
3.68
Fairing fastening screws M5
3
2.21
Self-tapping fairing fastening screw
3
2.21
Rear reflector screws M5
2
1.47
Steering unit self-locking counter-nut M25
ELECTRIC SYSTEM ASSEMBLY
Key commutator screw M6
FUEL TANK ASSEMBLY
FAIRING ASSEMBLY
10
Release 00
2003-02
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
TIGHTENING TORQUES TABLE
DESCRIPTION
Nm
ftlb
44
32.45
Frame connecting rod nut M10
44
32.45
Engine connecting rod nut M10
44
32.45
7
5.16
FRAME ASSEMBLY
Shock absorber-frame coupling M10
ENGINE MOUNT CONNECTING RODS ASSEMBLY
FRONT SUSPENSION ASSEMBLY
Pumping element-fork sleeve tightening screw M10
ENGINE ASSEMBLY
Throttle body clamp screw M4
2
1.47
Shock absorber-engine coupling M10
44
32.45
7
5.16
FILTER CASE ASSEMBLY
Filter case fastening screw M6
EXHAUST ASSEMBLY
Cylinder-exhaust pipe fastening nut M6
Exhaust pipe bracket-engine fastening screw M8
Exhaust silencer fastening screw M6
10
7.37
21,5
15.85
7
5.16
FRONT WHEEL ASSEMBLY
Fork clip-wheel pin fastening screw M6
12
8.85
Front wheel pin nut M12
35
25.81
130
95.88
Front brake caliper-fork fastening M8
23
16.96
Brake pump clamps fastening screw M6
10
7.37
Brake pump-caliper pipe
18
13.27
REAR WHEEL ASSEMBLY
Rear wheel nut M16
FRONT BRAKE ASSEMBLY
Brake caliper bleeder cap
14
10.32
Front brake disc fastening screw M8
23
16.96
23
16.96
REAR BRAKE ASSEMBLY
Rear brake caliper fastening screw M8
Handlebar rear break lever screw M6
7
5.16
Brake pump clamps fastening screw M6
10
7.37
Brake pump-caliper pipe
-
-
Brake caliper bleeder cap
-
-
23
16.96
Rear brake disc fastening screw M8
HANDLEBAR AND CONTROLS ASSEMBLY
Handlebar clamp fastening screw M10
44
44
Acceleration and starter controls M5
2
1.47
Steering unit nut M25
10
7.37
Brake oil tank cap fastening screw
9
6.63
110
81.13
12
8.85
Fuel tank fastening screw M6
10
7.37
Various fuel tank clamps
3
2.21
Tank flange clamp M8
3
2.21
Fairing fastening screws M6
5
3.68
Fairing fastening screws M5
3
2.21
Self-tapping fairing fastening screw
3
2.21
Rear reflector screws M5
2
1.47
Steering unit self-locking counter-nut M25
ELECTRIC SYSTEM ASSEMBLY
Key commutator screw M6
FUEL TANK ASSEMBLY
FAIRING ASSEMBLY
Release 00
2003-02
11
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
TIGHTENING TORQUES TABLE
100
DESCRIPTION
Nm
ftlb
FRAME ASSEMBLY
Shock absorber-frame coupling M10
Footboard support M8
Footboard fastening M10
44
32.45
21,5
15.85
44
32.45
ENGINE MOUNT CONNECTING RODS ASSEMBLY
Frame connecting rod nut M10
44
32.45
Engine connecting rod nut M10
44
32.45
44
32.45
7
5.16
12
8.85
STAND ASSEMBLY
Stand screw M10
FRONT SUSPENSION ASSEMBLY
Pumping element-fork sleeve tightening screw M10
ENGINE ASSEMBLY
Start lever screw M6
Carburettor clamp screw M6
2
1.47
Shock absorber-engine coupling M10
44
32.45
7
5.16
10
7.37
21,5
15.85
7
5.16
FILTER CASE ASSEMBLY
Filter case fastening screw M6
EXHAUST ASSEMBLY
Cylinder-exhaust pipe fastening nut M6
Exhaust pipe bracket-engine fastening screw M8
Exhaust silencer fastening screw M6
FRONT WHEEL ASSEMBLY
Fork clip-wheel pin fastening screw M6
12
8.85
Front wheel pin nut M12
35
25.81
130
95.88
23
16.96
REAR WHEEL ASSEMBLY
Rear wheel nut M16
FRONT BRAKE ASSEMBLY
Front brake caliper-fork fastening M8
Brake pump clamps fastening screw M6
10
7.37
Brake pump-caliper pipe
18
13.27
Brake caliper bleeder cap
14
10.32
Front brake disc fastening screw M6
10
7.37
10
7.37
7
5.16
44
44
REAR BRAKE ASSEMBLY
Cam rear break lever screw M6
Handlebar rear break lever screw M6
HANDLEBAR AND CONTROLS ASSEMBLY
Handlebar clamp fastening screw M10
Acceleration and starter controls M5
2
1.47
Steering unit nut M25
10
7.37
Brake oil tank cap fastening screw
9
6.63
110
81.13
12
8.85
Fuel tank fastening screw M5
5
3.68
Various fuel tank clamps
3
2.21
Fairing fastening screws M6
5
3.68
Fairing fastening screws M5
3
2.21
Self-tapping fairing fastening screw
3
2.21
Rear reflector screws M5
2
1.47
Steering unit self-locking counter-nut M25
ELECTRIC SYSTEM ASSEMBLY
Key commutator screw M6
FUEL TANK ASSEMBLY
FAIRING ASSEMBLY
12
Release 00
2003-02
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
LUBRICANT CHART
Engine oil (recommended): SUPERBIKE 4, SAE 5W - 40 or
4T FORMULA RACING, SAE 5W - 40.
As an alternative to the recommended oil, it is possible to use other brands of oil with performance levels that meet or
exceed the requirements of CCMC G-4, A.P.I. SG.
WARNING
For particularly severe working conditions, or in hot countries, we recommend you use 5W50/10W50
synthetic oil.
GEAR SYNTH, SAE 75W - 90.
Transmission oil (recommended): F.C., SAE 75W - 90 or
As an alternative to the recommended oil, it is possible to use other brands of oil with performance levels that meet or
exceed the requirements of A.P.I. GL-4.
CITY 2T.
Mixer oil (recommended): GREEN HIT 2 or
As an alternative to the recommended oil, it is possible to use other brands of oil with performance levels that meet or
exceed the requirements of ISO-L-ETC ++, A.P.I. TC ++.
FORK 5W or
FORK 20W.
Fork oil (recommended): fork oil F.A. 5W or F.A. 20W; an alternative
Should you wish for a performance somewhere between that offered by F.A. 5W and F.A. 20W or
FORK 5W
FORK 20W, these can be mixed as indicated below:
and
SAE 10W =
SAE 15W =
F.A. 5W 67% of the volume + F.A. 20W 33% of the volume;
FORK 5W 67% of the volume +
FORK 20W 33% of the volume.
F.A. 5W 33% of the volume +
F.A. 20W 67% of the volume;
FORK 5W 33% of the volume +
FORK 20W 67% of the volume.
Bearings and other lubrication points (recommended):
AUTOGREASE MP or
GREASE 30.
As an alternative to the recommended product, use other brands of grease for ball bearings, working temperature range 30 °C…+140 °C (-22 °F....+284 °F), drip point 150 °C…230 °C (302 °F.....446 °F), high protection against corrosion, good
resistance to water and oxidation.
Protection of the battery poles: neutral grease or Vaseline.
WARNING
Use new brake fluid only.
Brake fluid (recommended):
Autofluid FR. DOT 4 (DOT 5 Compatible) or
BRAKE 5.1 DOT 4 (DOT 5 Compatible).
WARNING
Use only antifreeze and anticorrosive without nitrite, ensuring protection at -35° C (-31 °F) at least.
Engine coolant (recommended):
ECOBLU - 40°C or
COOL.
Release 00
2003-02
13
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART
OPERATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT BY THE aprilia Official Dealer
BY THE USER)
(WHICH CAN BE CARRIED OUT EVEN
After running-in
[500 km (312 mi)]
Components
Every 4,000 km
(2,500 km)
or 12 months
Battery - electrolyte level
Spark plug
Air cleaner
Light system
Every 8,000 km
(5,000 mi) or 24 months
Stop light switch
Brake fluid (check level)
every 2,000 km (1,250 mi): Mixer oil
every month: Wheels, tyres and inflating pressures
Front and rear brake pad wear
every 2,000 km (1,250 mi): KEY
= check and clean, adjust, lubricate or change, if necessary;
= clean;
= change;
= adjust.
NOTE Carry out the maintenance operations more frequently if you use the vehicle in rainy and dusty areas or on uneven ground.
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART
OPERATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT BY THE aprilia Official Dealer
After running-in
[500 km (312 mi)]
Components
Every 4,000 km
(2,500 km)
or 12 months
Every 8,000 km
(5,000 mi) or 24 months
Rear shock absorber
Controls and transmission cables
Drive belt
Steering bearings and steering
Wheel bearings
Brake discs
Accelerator operation
every 12,000 km (7,440 mi): Piston rings
General vehicle operation
Brake systems/discs
every 20,000 km (12,400 mi): (outside cleaning)
Cylinder cooling system
Carbon deposits at exhaust port
every 4,000 km (2,500 mi)
or 12 months: every 2 years: Brake fluid
Silencer / exhaust
Mixer / accelerator operation
Transmission oil
every 4,000 km (2,500 mi) every 8,000 km (5,000 mi)
or 12 months: Rear pulley pins
every 12,000 km (7,440 mi): Fixed movable front pulley
every 12,000 km (7,440 mi): or 2 years: KEY
= check and clean, adjust, lubricate or change, if necessary;
= clean;
= change;
= adjust.
NOTE Carry out the maintenance operations more frequently if you use the vehicle in rainy and dusty areas or on uneven ground.
14
Release 00
2003-02
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART
OPERATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT BY THE aprilia Official Dealer
Every 4,000 km
Every 8,000 km
(2,500 km)
(5,000 mi) or 24 months
or 12 months
every 8,000 km (5,000 mi): After running-in
[500 km (312 mi)]
Components
Injector cleaning
Front variator needle rollers and guides (*)
Wheels / tyres and inflating pressures
Tightening of nuts and bolts
Mixer oil reserve warning light
Fuel pipe
every 4,000 km (2,500 mi): / every 2 years: Braking system pipe
every 4,000 km (2,500 mi): / every 4 years: Mixer oil pipe
every 2 years: Clutch wear
KEY
= check and clean, adjust, lubricate or change, if necessary;
= clean;
= change;
= adjust.
NOTE Carry out the maintenance operations more frequently if you use the vehicle in rainy and dusty areas or on uneven ground.
(*) The guides are integrated, do not replace them. Only replace the rollers.
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART
OPERATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT BY THE aprilia Official Dealer
EVEN BY THE USER)
100
After running-in
[1,000 km (625 mi)]
Components
(WHICH CAN BE CARRIED OUT
Every 6,000 km
(3,750 km)
or 12 months
Spark plug - Spark plug gap
Idling / Carburettor
Electric system and battery
Every 12,000 km
(7,500 mi) or 24 months
STOP light switch
Brake fluid (check level)
Hub oil
Engine oil
first change at 1,000 km after running-in and then every 4,000 km
(2,500 mi); check and top up every 2,000 km (1,250 mi)
Front brake pad wear
every 2,000 km (1,250 mi): every month: Wheels, tyres and inflating pressures
Headlight
KEY
= check and clean, adjust, lubricate or change, if necessary;
= clean;
= change;
= adjust.
NOTE Carry out the maintenance operations more frequently if you use the vehicle in rainy and dusty areas or on uneven ground.
CAUTION
After the first 5,000 km (3,125 mi) checking and topping up
every 500 km (312 mi).
Release 00
2003-02
15
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART
OPERATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT BY THE aprilia Official Dealer
100
After running-in
[1,000 km (625 mi)]
Components
Accelerator cable (Adjustment)
Every 6,000 km
(3,750 km)
or 12 months
Every 12,000 km
(7,500 mi) or 24 months
Drive belt
Steering bearings and steering
Wheel bearings
every 3,000 km (1,875 mi): Air cleaner
Filter oil (net)
Valve clearance
Brake systems
every 24,000 km (15,000 mi): every 24,000 km (15,000 mi): Cylinder ventilation system
Greasing rear brake cam - Brake shoe wear
every 2 years: first change at 1,000 km after running-in and then every 4,000 km
(2,500 mi); check and top up every 2,000 km (1,250 mi)
Brakes oil
Engine oil
Transmission oil
Vehicle and braking system test
Variator rollers + variator plastic guide
Wheels, tyres and inflating pressures
every 12,000 km (7,500 mi) or 24 months: Secondary Aria System (sponge) case
Tightening of nuts / bolts / screws
Suspensions
Brakes liquid drain
Fuel pipe
every 4 years: Guide pin
every 18,000 km (11,250 mi): Front pulley
Guide rollers
every 24,000 km (15,000 mi): Rear pulley
every 24,000 km (15,000 mi): Piston rings
every 12,000 km (7,500 mi) or 24 months: Silencer exhaust
KEY
= check and clean, adjust, lubricate or change, if necessary;
= clean;
= change;
= adjust.
NOTE Carry out the maintenance operations more frequently if you use the vehicle in rainy and dusty areas or on uneven ground.
16
Release 00
2003-02
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
IDENTIFICATION DATA
Please supply the frame number when you purchase
spare parts.
NOTE Do not obliterate or alter the identification
numbers under any circumstance. This is illegal in all
countries. In addition, alteration of the identification
numbers invalidates the warranty.
2
1
FRAME NUMBER
The frame number (1) is stamped on the central tube of
the frame. To be able to read it, it is necessary to remove
the cover (2).
ENGINE NUMBER
The engine number (3) is stamped near the lower
support of the rear shock absorber.
3
100
3
Release 00
2003-02
17
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
ARRANGEMENT
OF THE MAIN ELEMENTS
2
4
KEY
1
Horn
Rear brake reservoir
Glove compartment
Fuse carrier
Battery
Passenger left footrest
(in the countries where required)
Saddle lock
Luggage rack
Center stand
Air cleaner
Inspection cover
3
((((((((((
)))))))))))))))))))))))))))))) )))))
)))))
))
)))))
)))))
)))))))))))
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
10 11
6
9
KEY
7
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
2 stroke oil tank
2 stroke oil filler cap
Fuel filler cap
Ignition switch/steering lock
Bag hook
Frame number cover
Front brake reservoir
Spark plug
Fuel tank
Passenger right footrest
(in the countries where required)
11) Anti-theft hook (for the aprilia “Body-Guard”
armored cable
)
ARRANGEMENT
OF THE MAIN ELEMENTS
1
Horn
Glove compartment
Fuse carrier
Battery
Passenger left footrest
Saddle lock
Luggage rack
Center stand
Start lever
Air cleaner
Inspection cover
License plate lamp 100
Glove box 100
3
2
4
5
6
11
10
9
100
100
50
8
4
3
KEY
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
13
6
1
2
7
100
12
apri
lia
5
11
50
9
10
8
100
KEY
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
Fuel filler cap
Ignition switch/steering lock
Bag hook
Frame number cover
Front brake reservoir
Spark plug
Fuel tank
Passenger right footrest 100
Anti-theft hook (for the aprilia “Body-Guard”
armored cable
)
10) License plate lamp 100
11) Glove box 100
18
8
))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7
5
Release 00
5
11
1
2
3
4
10
9
7
2003-02
8
6
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
ARRANGEMENT OF THE INSTRUMENTS /
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS
13
12
4/4
KEY
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)
Electrical controls on the left side of the handlebar
Rear brake lever
Left rear-view mirror
Instruments and indicators
Right rear-view mirror
Front brake lever
Throttle grip
Electrical controls on the right side of the handlebar
Ignition switch/steering lock ( - - )
Speedometer
Fuel level indicator ( )
Green direction indicator warning light ( )
Red Diagnostics warning light ( ) Injection Check (
Blue high beam warning light ( )
Red 2 stroke oil reserve ( ) warning light ( )
100 )
Green low beam ( ) warning light (
Total miles odometer ( - - )
11
80
40
40
mph km/h
aprilia
20
20
R
14
90
50
30
30
1/2
10
10
0
3
70
60
50
15
0 0 0 0 0 0
Km
10
17
70
60
50
4/4
40
80
40
aprilia
20
20
R
90
50
30
mph km/h
30
1/2
10
10
0
0 0 0 0 0 0
Km
7
4
8
1
2
6
9
)
100
12
40
40
80
mph km/h
14
aprilia
20
20
R
90
50
30
30
1/2
10
10
0
3
70
60
50
4/4
11
16
0 0 0 0 0 0
Km
10
17
60
50
4/4
40
70
40
80
R
20
90
50
30
mph km/h
30
1/2
5
aprilia
20
10
10
0
0 0 0 0 0 0
Km
7
4
2
8
1
6
9
VERSION WITH
LIGHTS ALWAYS ON
Release 00
2003-02
19
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
THROTTLE
CHECKING THE OPERATION
OF THE THROTTLE CONTROL
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
WARNING
Do not use your vehicle if it has a damaged, kinked or
twisted throttle cable. This can interfere with the
regular operation of the throttle, and cause the
throttle to stick on. This can make you lose control of
the vehicle while riding, which can lead to upsets, and
subsequent serious injury or death.
Make sure that the rotation of the front forks does not pull
on the throttle cable and change the engine idle speed,
and that the throttle grip returns smoothly and automatically to its idle position when released. If it does not:
18
VERSION WITH STOPLIGHTS ON
100
NOTE For the lubrication of the components use the
specific lubricant available on the market.
♦ Check the position and lubrication of the following components:
– throttle cable sheath;
– throttle grip adjuster (17);
– cable ends;
– throttle control.
Check the throttle control control adjustment, see above
(CHECKING THE OPERATION OF THE THROTTLE
CONTROL).
NOTE Use a good grade of vehicle cable lubricant to
18
VERSION WITH LIGHTS ALWAYS ON
lubricate the components of the throttle system.
18
20
Release 00
2003-02
100
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
ADJUSTING THE THROTTLE CONTROL
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
NOTE Before carrying out any operation, check the
correct functioning of the throttle control, see p. 20
(CHECKING THE OPERATION OF THE THROTTLE
CONTROL).
WARNING
If the throttle sticks open, you will lose control of
your vehicle and a serious accident could result.
If any fastener in the throttle system becomes loose,
likewise you will lose control of your vehicle.
Either situation can lead to an upset or collision with
subsequent serious injury or death.
The play of the throttle cable must be between 2 – 3 mm
(0.08 – 0.12 in), measured at the edge of the grip, see
the illustration above.
To adjust the cable:
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ Pull back the rubber boot (1).
♦ Loosen the lock nut (2).
♦ Rotate the adjuster (3) in such a way as to restore the
prescribed value.
♦ After the adjustment, tighten the lock nut (2) and check
the play again.
♦ Replace the rubber boot (1).
1
2
3
2
3
2
3
WARNING
Exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, which is
extremely poisonous if inhaled.
Do not start the engine in closed or badly-ventilated
rooms.
Failure to observe this warning may cause loss of
consciousness or even lead to death by asphyxia.
100
WARNING
After you have adjusted the throttle, rotate the handlebars full left and full right with the engine idling.
Check to ensure that the idle sound is not affected
by this. Also check that the throttle smoothly and
fully closes when released.
1
1
Release 00
2003-02
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Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
FAIRINGS
1
2
REMOVING THE LUGGAGE RACK
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ Remove the cover shown in the figure (1).
♦ Unscrew and remove the two screws (2).
♦ Unscrew and remove the screw (3).
♦ Remove the luggage rack.
3
3
100
1
2
3
3
REMOVING THE INSPECTION COVER
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
WARNING
5
Before carrying out the following operations, let the
engine and the exhaust silencer cool down until they
reach room temperature, in order to avoid burns.
CAUTION
4
Handle the plastic and painted components with care
and avoid scraping or damaging them.
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ ★Unscrew and remove the screw (4) and afterwards
the bushing.
♦ Remove the inspection cover (5).
REMOVING THE REAR PART OF
THE FAIRING
6
♦ Remove the luggage rack, see above (REMOVING
THE LUGGAGE RACK).
♦ Remove the inspection cover, see above (REMOVING
THE INSPECTION COVER).
♦ Unscrew and remove six screws (6).
7
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100
CAUTION
Handle the plastic and painted components with care
and avoid scraping or damaging them.
♦ Slightly pull outward and raise upward the front portion
of the rear part of the fairing (7).
♦ Move the rear part of the fairing (7) backwards a few
inches.
♦ Free the cables from the 2 plastic clamps.
♦ Disconnect the rear light main connector (8).
♦ Completely remove the rear part of the fairing (7).
Upon reassembly:
♦ Position the rear part of the fairing in its seat (see the
last four steps in REMOVING THE REAR PART OF
THE FAIRING).
6
7
NOTE Tighten the six screws (6) after reassembling
the luggage rack.
♦ Turn the six screws (6) without tightening them.
♦ Replace the luggage rack, see above (REMOVING
THE LUGGAGE RACK).
♦ Make sure that the rear part of the fairing is positioned
correctly.
♦ Tighten the six screws (6).
8
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REMOVING THE REAR MUDGUARD
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
1
♦ Remove the rear part of the fairing, see p. 22 (REMOVING THE REAR PART OF THE FAIRING).
♦ Disconnect the number plate lamp cables.
♦ Unscrew the 4 screws (1).
♦ Remove the mudguard (2).
2
NOTE Take note of the positions of the number plate
lamp cables in order to replace them correctly during
reassembly.
REMOVING THE FOOTBOARD
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
3
♦ Remove the inspection cover, see p. 22 (REMOVING
THE INSPECTION COVER).
♦ ★Unscrew and remove the four screws (3).
♦ Remove the four screws (4) from the bottom.
CAUTION
Proceed with care.
Do not damage the tabs and/or the slots in which
they fit.
♦ Slightly raise the rear part of the footboard and withdraw it from the base of the inner shield.
CAUTION
Do not force the lower shield, since it is fixed to the
frame by means of two front screws only.
NOTE Upon reassembly, first install the central tabs,
then next, the side tabs.
NOTE Before installing the for screws (3), make sure
that the holes in the footboard and the screw seats are
aligned.
REMOVING THE LOWER SHIELD
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
5
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
4
WARNING
Before carrying out the following operations, let the
engine and the exhaust silencer cool down until they
reach room temperature, in order to avoid burns.
♦ After removing the footboard, remove the four screws
(5) on the bottom part of the vehicle.
5
CAUTION
Proceed with care.
Do not damage the tabs and/or the slots in which
they fit.
♦ Withdraw the lower shield (6) from behind.
♦ Remove the lower shield (6) completely.
NOTE Upon reassembly, make sure that the front part
of the lower shield is correctly positioned.
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REMOVING THE FRONT COVER
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ Unscrew and remove the one screw (1).
2
CAUTION
Proceed with care.
Do not damage the tabs and/or the slots in which
they fit.
Handle the plastic and painted components with care
and avoid scraping or damaging them.
1
♦ Remove the front cover (2), by pulling it downwards.
REMOVING THE FRONT INNER SHIELD
3
4
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
NOTE Remove the key from the ignition switch.
♦ Remove the footboard, see p. 24 (REMOVING THE
FOOTBOARD).
♦ Remove the lower shield, see p. 24 (REMOVING THE
LOWER SHIELD).
♦ Remove the rubber gasket (3) from the ignition switch.
♦ Unscrew and remove the two screws (4).
♦ Open the cover (5) of the glove compartment.
♦ Unscrew and remove the screw (6).
♦ Remove the front cover, see above (REMOVING THE
FRONT COVER).
♦ Unscrew and remove the two screws (7).
♦ Press the sides of the front outer shield in correspondence with the arrows (A), (B), (C), and pull it, releasing
the tabs from their slots.
6
CAUTION
Proceed with care.
Do not damage the tabs and/or the slots in which
they fit.
Handle the plastic and painted components with care
and avoid scraping or damaging them.
5
8
♦ Remove the front inner shield (8).
NOTE Upon reassembly, make sure that the tabs are
correctly inserted.
7
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REMOVING
THE REAR-VIEW MIRRORS
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
The following information refers to one rear-view mirror
only, but is valid for both.
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ Pull back the rubber boot (1) with your fingers.
2
1
4
CAUTION
3
Hold the rear-view mirror (2) carefully, so that it is not
accidentally dropped.
♦ Using two appropriate wrenches, hold the special bolt
(3) from rotating and loosen and completely unscrew
the nut (4).
♦ Remove the rear-view mirror (2).
REMOVING
THE FRONT HANDLEBAR COVER
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ Remove the two screws (6) and the two screws (5).
♦ Slightly lift the upper part of the handlebar cover to
release two of the four slots.
♦ Gently push down the lower part of the handlebar cover
to release the last two slots.
♦ Remove the front handlebar cover.
6
CAUTION
5
5
Do not force excessively the handlebar cover in order
not to break it.
CAUTION
Proceed with care in order not to damage the slot (7)
which takes tab (8).
♦ ★Using a small blade screwdriver, lift the tab (8)
positioned inside the front handlebar cover (9).
♦ ★Repeat the operation described above on the lower
part of the handlebar cover.
100
6
CAUTION
Handle the plastic and painted components with care
and avoid scraping or damaging them.
♦ Remove the front handlebar cover (9), taking care not to
break the tangs.
5
5
NOTE Upon reassembly, make sure that the tabs are
correctly inserted.
9
8
7
10
9
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REMOVING THE REAR HANDLEBAR COVER
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
♦ Remove the front handlebar cover, see p. 26 (REMOVING THE FRONT HANDLEBAR COVER).
♦ Disconnect the two electric connectors of the direction
indicators (1).
♦ Unscrew the metal ring (2) and withdraw the speedometer / odometer cable (3) from the coupling.
♦ Unscrew and remove the three screws (4).
100
2
4
3
1
4
4
♦ Supporting the handlebar cover (5), disconnect the
connectors (6).
♦ Remove the rear handlebar cover (5).
5
6
REMOVING THE FRONT OUTER SHIELD
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
♦ Remove the complete fork, see p. 68 (REMOVING
THE COMPLETE FORK).
♦ Remove the front cover, see p.25 (REMOVING THE
FRONT COVER).
♦ Unscrew and remove the two screws (8).
♦ Remove the front outer shield (9).
8
9
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REMOVING THE BUMPER
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
10
♦ Remove the internal front shield and then remove the
six clips (10) on each side.
NOTE Upon reassembly, use new clips.
REMOVING THE FRONT MUDGUARD
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
♦ Remove the complete fork, see p. 68 (REMOVING
THE COMPLETE FORK).
♦ Remove the two screws (12).
♦ Hold the screw (13) from rotating with an appropriate
Allen wrench.
♦ Remove the nut (14).
13
14
12
NOTE Upon reassembly, position the nut (13) correctly.
♦ Remove the front mudguard (15).
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REMOVING THE SADDLE SUPPORT
1
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
♦ Remove the rear part of the fairing, see p. 22 (REMOVING THE REAR PART OF THE FAIRING).
♦ Remove the battery as described on p. 75 (BATTERY
STORAGE).
♦ Detach the fuse strip (1) and the two dampers (2) and
(3) from their supports by passing them through the
slot as shown in the figure.
♦ ★Unscrew and remove the 4 screws (4).
♦ Unscrew and remove the filler cap (5).
♦ Remove the cap of the mixer oil tank (6).
♦ Disconnect the fuel breather pipe (7) from the fuel tank.
♦ Disconnect the drainage pipe (9) from the fuel bowl (8).
♦ Remove the fuel bowl (8).
2
3
NOTE Disconnect the electric connection of the central
control unit.
♦ Pass the cabling, complete with relay switches and
fuse block through the slot in the front of the saddle
support.
♦ Lift the front section of the saddle support (11), slide it
frontward and remove it.
4
NOTE When reassembling the saddle support (11),
before positioning it in its seat, refit the fuel bowl (8)
correctly and connect it to the drainage pipe (9).
4
♦ Screw on the filler cap (5) and return the mixer oil tank
cap (6) to its correct position.
11
6
5
8
7
9
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REMOVING THE SADDLE SUPPORT
100
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
1
♦ Remove the rear part of the fairing, see p. 22 (REMOVING THE REAR PART OF THE FAIRING).
♦ Remove the battery cover (1).
♦ Disconnect and remove the battery (2) see p. 75
(REMOVING BATTERY).
♦ Detach the fuse strip (3) and the relay (4) from their
supports.
♦ ★Unscrew and remove the 4 screws (5).
♦ Unscrew and remove the filler cap (6).
♦ Disconnect the drainage pipe (8) from the fuel bowl (7).
♦ Remove the fuel bowl (7).
♦ Pass the cabling, complete with relay switches and
fuse block through the slot in the front of the saddle
support.
♦ Lift the rear section of the saddle support (9), slide it
frontward and remove it.
4
NOTE When reassembling the saddle support (9),
before positioning it in its seat, refit the fuel bowl (7)
correctly and connect it to the drainage pipe (8).
3
2
♦ Screw on the filler cap (6).
5
5
11
9
6
8
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FUEL TANK
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
FUEL
WARNING
Gasoline is extremely flammable and in some conditions can become explosive. Therefore, it is necessary to refuel and carry out maintenance operations
involving the fuel system in a well-ventilated area with
the engine off.
Do not refuel or do any maintenance on the fuel
system with the engine running.
Do not smoke while refueling or near fuel vapors.
Never allow any portion of the fuel system to come in
contact with naked flames, sparks or other heat
sources. Be careful to avoid spilling fuel when you
are refueling. Spilled fuel could ignite when it contacts hot engine or exhaust system surfaces. If you
accidentally spill some fuel, make sure that it is wiped
up or completely evaporated before starting the
vehicle.
Since gasoline expands in the fuel tank when the
vehicle is sitting in the open sun, never fill the tank
completely to the brim. Leave at least one inch of
expansion space.
Avoid any contact of the fuel with your skin, and
avoid inhalation of fuel vapors. Do not ever attempt to
siphon fuel from one container to another using your
mouth as suction for a siphon hose.
WARNING
Gasoline is poisonous and carcinogenic and contains
chemical substances that cause birth defects and
other reproductive problems. If gasoline should be
accidentally spilt on the skin or clothes, immediately
wash it off with soap and water and change clothes.
Should you accidentally spill gasoline in your eyes,
flush with a large quantity of water and immediately
contact a health professional. Should you accidentally get gasoline into your mouth, do not induce
vomiting. Drink a large quantity of milk or clear water
and immediately contact a health professional.
Never try to siphon gasoline by sucking it with your
mouth. Use a manual pump or a similar system. If
your vehicle overturns, it will leak gasoline which is
extremely flammable. Flames or sparks may ignite
this which will not only destroy the vehicle but also
could do serious property damage to surrounding
property and cause serious injuries or even death.
ALWAYS KEEP GASOLINE AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
DISPOSE OF UNWANTED GASOLINE PROPERLY, DO
NOT DUMP IT INTO STORM SEWERS OR INTO A SINK
OR TOILET.
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DRAINING THE FUEL TANK
Carefully read p. 31 (FUEL TANK).
BE SURE TO KEEP THE DRAINED FUEL AWAY FROM
CHILDREN.
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ Stop the engine and wait until it has cooled down.
♦ Prepare a container with capacity exceeding the fuel
quantity present in the tank and put it on the ground on
the left side of the vehicle.
♦ Remove the filler cap.
♦ Empty the fuel tank by means of a manual pump or a
similar system.
♦ Use the fuel delivery pipe sleeve fitted to the fuel flange.
WARNING
After draining the tank, replace the filler cap in correct
position.
REMOVING THE FUEL FLANGE
Carefully read p. 31 (FUEL TANK).
♦ Drain the fuel tank completely, see above paragraph.
♦ Disconnect the three fuel delivery, return and breather
pipes from the flange.
CAUTION
On reassembly, use new clamps for the fuel delivery
and return pipes.
♦ Unscrew the clamp (1) and remove the flange.
♦ On reassembly, take care to position the flange correctly
on the tank.
CLEANING THE FUEL FILTER
Carefully read p. 31 (FUEL TANK).
♦ Remove the fuel flange as described previously.
♦ Remove the filter (3) from the flange (2) and clean it with
compressed air. Refit the filter.
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DRAINING THE FUEL TANK
100
Carefully read p. 31 (FUEL TANK).
BE SURE TO KEEP THE DRAINED FUEL AWAY FROM
CHILDREN.
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ Stop the engine and wait until it has cooled down.
♦ Prepare a container with capacity exceeding the fuel
quantity present in the tank and put it on the ground on
the left side of the vehicle.
♦ Remove the filler cap.
♦ Empty the fuel tank by means of a manual pump or a
similar system.
CLEANING THE FUEL FILTER
Carefully read p. 31 (FUEL TANK).
♦ Drain the fuel tank.
♦ Unscrew the clamp (1).
♦ Remove the tube (2).
♦ Remove the fuel flange (3).
♦ Unscrew the filter (4) from the flange (3).
2
NOTE Clean it with compressed air and refit the filter.
1
3
CHECKING THE FUEL LEVEL GAUGE UNIT
100
For the checking of the fuel level gauge unit, see
p.94 (FUEL LEVEL INDICATOR).
4
4
REMOVING THE FUEL LEVEL GAUGE UNIT
3
Carefully read p. 31 (FUEL TANK).
♦ Remove the saddle support, see p. 29 (REMOVING
THE SADDLE SUPPORT).
♦ Disconnect the electric connector of the fuel level
gauge unit (5).
3
NOTE Upon reassembly, position the electric cable of the
fuel level gauge unit in the appropriate seat in the fuel tank.
CAUTION
6
Handle with care.
Avoid damaging the gauge unit during the removal.
7
♦ Rotate the fuel level gauge unit (6) counterclockwise
and withdraw it.
WARNING
Tape the gauge unit hole on the tank shut with
masking tape to avoid contaminating the tank with
dust or other foreign matter.
5
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REMOVING FUEL TANK
Carefully read p. 31 (FUEL TANK).
♦ Drain the fuel tank completely, see p. 32 (DRAINING
THE FUEL TANK).
♦ Remove the fuel flange from the tank.
♦ Disconnect the electric connector of the fuel level
gauge unit.
♦ Remove the saddle support, see p. 29 (REMOVING
THE SADDLE SUPPORT).
2
3
CAUTION
Handle with care.
Do not force tubes or cables.
♦ Remove the fuel breather pipe (7), see the figure on
page 33.
♦ Unscrew the screws (2) and (3) and lift the entire fuel
tank with care.
♦ Remove the three screws (4) to free the tank from the
rear protection flap.
4
REMOVING FUEL TANK
100
Carefully read p. 31 (FUEL TANK).
♦ Drain the fuel tank completely, see p. 32 (DRAINING
THE FUEL TANK).
1
♦ Remove the fuel tank.
♦ Remove the tube (1).
♦ Unscrew the two screws (2).
♦ Disconnect the wiring of the fuel level gauge unit (3).
♦ To remove, lift the fuel tank front part and pull it
towards the front part of the vehicle.
2
1
3
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MIXER OIL TANK
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
CAUTION
1
Carefully wash your hands after handling the oil.
Dispose of the oil properly.
KEEP OIL AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
WARNING
If you should run the mixer oil tank dry, the engine
will seize. This could cause an upset, or other accident, with subsequent serious injury or even death.
CHECKING
Carefully read above (MIXER OIL TANK).
CHECKING THE MIXER OIL LEVEL GAUGE UNIT
♦ Remove the saddle support, see p. 29 (REMOVING
THE SADDLE SUPPORT).
5
6
CAUTION
Handle with care.
Do not force tubes or cables.
4
♦ Remove the mixer oil level gauge unit (1).
♦ Verify the efficiency of the mixer oil level gauge unit
(1), p. 95 (CHECKING THE MIXER OIL LEVEL
SENSOR).
2
CHECKING THE MIXER OIL FILTER
♦ Empty the mixer oil tank completely, see below
(DRAINING).
♦ Check, and if necessary, wash the filter (2), and the
filtering element with a fireproof solvent, removing all
deposits and foreign matter.
3
DRAINING
Carefully read above (MIXER OIL TANK).
♦ Remove the rear part of the fairing, see p. 22 (REMOVING THE REAR PART OF THE FAIRING).
♦ Remove the tank cap (3).
♦ Place a container of at least 2 l (2.11 US qt) capacity
under the filter coupling to catch the oil.
♦ Cut the hose clamp (4) which attaches the hose to the
filter (2) and remove.
NOTE Upon reassembly, this clamp will be replaced
with a screwdriver type worm clamp of the appropriate
size. This clamp may be obtained from local sources.
♦ Disconnect the filter (2) from the mixer oil tank (5).
CAUTION
Position and tie the filter (2) vertically, so that the
residual oil left in the tube (6) cannot flow out.
♦ Put all the drained oil in an appropriate container, close
it and store it in a safe place.
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REMOVAL
Carefully read p. 35 (MIXER OIL TANK)
♦ Remove the saddle support, see p. 29 (REMOVING
THE SADDLE SUPPORT).
♦ Drain the 2 stroke oil tank (1) completely, see p. 35
(DRAINING).
♦ Disconnect the electric connector (2) of the mixer oil
level gauge (3).
♦ Remove the two support screws (4) of the mixer oil
tank.
♦ Remove the mixer oil tank (1).
3
2
1
CAUTION
Upon reassembly, fill the tank and bleed the mixer oil,
see below (BLEEDING THE MIXER OIL TANK).
BLEEDING THE MIXER OIL TANK
Carefully read p. 35 (MIXER OIL TANK)
NOTE Bleed the mixer oil system whenever the mixer
oil tank is completely empty or the oil supply pipe is
disconnected to remove the tank.
4
CAUTION
Carefully wash your hands after handling the oil.
Dispose of the oil properly.
BE SURE TO KEEP THE DRAINED OIL AWAY FROM
CHILDREN.
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ Fill the mixer oil tank completely.
♦ Carry out the automatic bleeding procedure as follows:
Turn the acceleration handlebar to the end of its
travel with the key removed.
Keeping the acceleration handlebar turned, turn
the key to the “ON” position.
This situation (acceleration turned – key at “ON”)
must be maintained until you hear a click (sound)
from the oil pump (5) or until you see the oil
moving through the oil delivery pipe (6), which is
transparent.
Release the acceleration handlebar; at this point
the pump will continue to pump oil.
This operation will be completed as soon as there
are no longer any air bubbles inside the pipe.
At this point, the lubrication system has been
bled.
Turn the key back to the “OFF” position.
CAUTION
It is important to ensure that no air remains in the
line, since running the engine with air in the mixer oil
can seriously damage it.
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DISASSEMBLING THE OIL PUMP
♦ Completely drain the mixer oil tank, as described on
page 35 (DRAINING).
♦ Disconnect the electric connection (1).
♦ Remove the two clamps (2) and (3) from the piping.
♦ Remove the oil pump (4) after first unscrewing its
support screw from the bottom.
1
CAUTION
3
On reassembly, after filling the tank, carry out the
procedures for automatic bleeding, as described
previously.
2
4
FUEL PUMP
6
♦ Completely drain the fuel tank (see page 32).
♦ Disconnect the electric connection (5) on the fuel
pump.
♦ Remove the two screws (6) that fasten the pump
support to the frame.
5
♦ Remove the fuel pump from the frame as shown in the
figure.
♦ Remove the clamps (7) and (8) by pulling the relevant
sleeves away from the body of the pump. To replace
the pump, free it from its support by removing the two
fastening screws (9).
7
8
NOTE On reassembly, replace the clamps (7) and (8)
with new ones.
5
CAUTION
During fuel pump disassembly and reassembly
operations, always handle components with care.
Never force pipes or cables.
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BULBS
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
WARNING
Risk of fire.
Keep fuel and other flammable substances away
from the electrical components.
CAUTION
Before changing a bulb, turn the ignition switch to
position “ ” (OFF) (1) and wait a few seconds in
order to allow the bulb to cool down.
Change the bulb wearing clean gloves or using a
clean and dry cloth.
Do not leave fingerprints on the bulb, since these
may cause its overheating and consequent breakage.
If you touch the bulb with your bare hands, remove
any fingerprints with a clean cotton cloth dampened
with alcohol in order to avoid damage.
TAKE CARE TO AVOID DAMAGING THE ELECTRIC
CABLES.
HEADLIGHT
ADJUSTING THE HEADLIGHT
BEAM VERTICALLY
WARNING
Do not use the vehicle if the lights are not functioning properly.
Do not use the vehicle if the headlight is adjusted
incorrectly. This could temporarily blind oncoming
cars, and also reduce the rider’s ability to see any
obstacle along the road while riding at night.
It is always advisable to reduce speed when riding
during the night, in such a way as to have the time
necessary to avoid any obstacle and to adapt to the
poorer visibility that inevitably results from darkness.
Failure to observe this warning can cause you to
collide with another object, with consequent risk of
serious injury or even death.
NOTE The procedure described here is in compliance
with the Italian standard that establishes the maximum
height of the headlight beam.
For vehicles used in other countries, you must conform
with the local regulations.
To quickly check the aiming of the beam, place the
vehicle on flat ground 10 m (32.81 ft) away from a wall.
Turn on the low beam, sit on the vehicle and make sure
that the beam projected on the wall is slightly under the
horizontal line of the headlight (about 9/10th of the total
height).
To adjust the headlight beam:
♦ Adjust screw (2) with a screwdriver.
Turn the screw clockwise to adjust the beam higher.
Turn the screw counterclockwise to adjust the beam
lower.
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CHANGING THE HEADLIGHT BULBS
100
Carefully read p. 38 (BULBS).
The headlight contains:
– one low/hight beam bulb (1).
To change the bulb:
LOW/HIGH BEAM BULB
♦ Remove the front handlebar cover, see p. 26 (REMOVING THE FRONT HANDLEBAR COVER).
♦ Rotate the bulb socket (2) counterclockwise and
remove it.
♦ Push the bulb (1) toward the back of the socket lightly,
and rotate it counterclockwise.
♦ Remove the bulb from the seat.
NOTE Be sure to maintain the same orientation as the
old bulb when you install the new bulb. Do not force the
bulb, it will go easily if it is properly oriented.
REMOVING THE HEADLIGHT
WARNING
Risk of fire.
Keep fuel and other flammable substances away from
the electrical components.
♦ Remove the front handlebar cover, see p. 26 (REMOVING THE FRONT HANDLEBAR COVER).
♦ Unscrew and remove the screw (3), remove the spring
(4).
NOTE Upon reassembly, make sure that the light beam
is adjusted correctly, see p. 38 (ADJUSTING THE
HEAD-LIGHT BEAM VERTICALLY) and (ADJUSTING
THE HEADLIGHT BEAM HORIZONTALLY).
NOTE Observe the arrangement of the components
(6) (7) (8), in order to be able to reassemble them
correctly.
♦ ★Unscrew and remove the screw (5).
♦ ★Extract the insert (6) and retrieve the nut (7).
NOTE Upon reassembly correctly insert the insert
(6) in the spacer ring (8) and successively insert the
nut (7) in the insert (6).
♦ ★Remove the spacer ring (8).
NOTE Upon reassembly correctly insert the teeth (9)
of the spacer ring (8) in the support slot (10).
CAUTION
Proceed with care.
Do not damage the headlight lens.
♦ Remove the headlight (11) complete with the bulb
socket.
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FRONT AND REAR DIRECTION INDICATORS
CHANGING THE BULB
Carefully read p. 38 (BULBS).
5
NOTE Before changing a bulb, check the fuse.
3
To change the bulb:
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ Unscrew and remove the screw (1).
NOTE While removing the lens, use extra care to be
sure that you do not break the key.
1
4
♦ Remove the lens (2).
♦ Remove the yellow-amber transparent (3).
NOTE Upon reassembly, position the lens correctly in
its seat.
2
Tighten the screw (1) moderately and with care to avoid
damaging the lens.
♦ Push the bulb (4) in slightly and rotate it counterclockwise.
♦ Extract the bulb (4) from its seat.
NOTE Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, carefully
aligning the two bulb pins with their guides in the socket.
♦ Correctly install a new bulb of the same type.
NOTE If the bulb socket (5) has fallen out of its seat,
replace it correctly, ensuring that the slot in the reflector
aligns with the screw hole in the body of the turn signal
lamp.
CHANGING THE FRONT DIRECTION
100
INDICATOR
100
♦ Unscrew the screw (1).
1
♦ Remove the lens (2), the transparent (3) and
replace the bulb (4).
100
3
2
4
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REMOVING
THE COMPLETE DIRECTION INDICATOR
5
WARNING
Risk of fire.
3
Keep fuel and other flammable substances away from
the electrical components.
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ Unscrew and remove the screw (1).
1
4
NOTE While removing the lens, use extra care to be
2
sure that you do not break the key.
♦ Remove the lens (2).
NOTE Upon reassembly, position the lens correctly in
its seat.
CAUTION
Tighten the screw (1) moderately and with care to avoid
damaging the lens.
CAUTION
Do not leave fingerprints on the bulb, since these may
cause its overheating and consequent breakage.
If you touch the bulb with your bare hands, remove
any fingerprints with a clean cotton cloth dampened
with alcohol in order to avoid damage.
TAKE CARE TO AVOID DAMAGING THE ELECTRIC
CABLES.
♦ Press the bulb (4) moderately and rotate it counterclockwise.
♦ Extract the bulb (4) from its seat.
NOTE Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, carefully
aligning the two bulb pins with their guides in the socket.
♦ Correctly install a new bulb of the same type.
NOTE If the bulb socket (5) has fallen out of its seat,
replace it correctly, ensuring that the slot in the reflector
aligns with the screw hole in the body of the turn signal
lamp.
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REAR LIGHT
CHANGING THE REAR LIGHT BULB
Carefully read p. 38 (BULBS).
♦ Position the vehicle on the stand.
♦ Unscrew and remove the two screws (1).
NOTE Take great care when removing the protective
cover, so that you do not break the coupling tooth.
♦ Remove the protective cover (2)
♦ Press the bulb moderately and turn it in an anticlockwise direction.
♦ Remove the bulb from its holder.
1
1
2
NOTE When inserting the bulb in the holder, make sure
that the two guide pins coincide with the respective slots
on the holder.
♦ Install a bulb of the same type in the correct manner.
NOTE When reassembling, make sure the protective
cover is correctly positioned in its housing.
Tighten the screws (6) carefully and without using undue
force, to prevent damage to the protective cover.
6
CHANGING REAR DIRECTION INDICATOR BULBS
Carefully read p. 38 (BULBS).
4
5
♦ Position the vehicle on the stand.
♦ Unscrew and remove the two screws (1).
NOTE Take great care when removing the protective
cover, so that you do not break the coupling tooth.
♦ Remove the protective cover (2).
NOTE When reassembling, make sure the protective
cover is correctly positioned in its housing.
♦ Remove the protective cover (3), opening it towards
the oautside of the vehicle.
♦ Press the amber element (4) moderately, turn it in an
anti-clockwise direction and extract it.
NOTE Take great care when removing the protective
cover, so that you do not break the coupling tooth.
♦ Press the bulb (5) moderately and turn it in an anticlockwise direction.
♦ Extract the bulb (5) from its housing.
NOTE When inserting the bulb in the holder, make sure
that the two guide pins coincide with the respective slots
on the holder.
♦ Install a bulb of the same type in the correct manner.
NOTE If the bulb holder (6) comes out of its housing,
replace it properly so that the flared opening on the bulb
holder coincides with the screw housing.
REMOVING THE REAR LIGHT
CAUTION
Handle with care.
Do not force the electric cables.
♦ Remove the 4 screws (7) shown in the figure.
♦ Take the light unit, complete with cabling, out from the
opposite side.
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NUMBER PLATE LAMP BULB
100
100
CHANGING NUMBER PLATE LAMP BULB
Carefully read p. 38 (BULBS).
1
To replace:
♦ Unfasten and remove the screw (1).
♦ Extract the rubber bulb holder (2).
♦ Remove the bulb from its housing.
♦ Install a bulb of the same type in the correct manner,
following the above procedure in reverse order.
2
3
CAUTION
Do not pull on the wires to extract the bulb holder.
NOTE When reassembling, make sure that the bulb
holder is properly inserted into its housing.
REMOVING THE NUMBER PLATE LAMP
Carefully read p. 38 (BULBS).
♦ To replace the number plate lamp, it is necessary to
remove the three screws (3).
♦ Disconnect the relevant electric connection.
DASHBOARD
CHANGING THE DASHBOARD BULBS
Carefully read p. 38 (BULBS).
NOTE Before changing a bulb, check the fuses.
The dashboard contains:
– the warning light bulbs;
– the dashboard lighting bulbs.
To change the bulbs:
♦ Remove the front handlebar cover, see p. 26 (REMOVING THE FRONT HANDLEBAR COVER).
WARNING LIGHT BULBS
NOTE Extract the bulb sockets one by one, in such a
way as to avoid positioning them incorrectly during the
reassembly.
♦ Extract the appropriate bulb socket:
Pos.
Warning light
Colour
1
Direction indicators (
)
2
Mixer oil reserve (
green
3
High beam (
)
blue
4
Injection check
red
miles
)
red
Extract the bulb and replace it with one of the same type.
DASHBOARD LIGHTING BULBS
NOTE Extract the bulb sockets one by one, in such a
way as to avoid positioning them incorrectly during the
reassembly.
3
4
5
1
6
♦ Extract the bulb socket of the dashboard part in which
there has been a light decrease.
Pos.
2
Lit part
5
Upper right part
6
Upper left part (*)
7
Lower right part
7
Extract the bulb and replace it with one of the same type.
(*) Some versions might not have this bulb.
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DASHBOARD
100
CHANGING THE DASHBOARD BULBS
Carefully read p. 38 (BULBS).
NOTE Before changing a bulb, check the fuses.
The dashboard contains:
– the warning light bulbs;
– the dashboard lighting bulbs.
To change the bulbs:
♦ Remove the front handlebar cover, see p. 26 (REMOVING THE FRONT HANDLEBAR COVER).
WARNING LIGHT BULBS
NOTE Extract the bulb sockets one by one, in such a
way as to avoid positioning them incorrectly during the
reassembly.
♦ Extract the appropriate bulb socket:
Pos.
Warning light
100
Colour
1
Direction indicators (
)
2
Low beam (
)
green
green
3
High beam (
)
blue
Extract the bulb and replace it with one of the same type.
DASHBOARD LIGHTING BULBS
NOTE Extract the bulb sockets one by one, in such a
way as to avoid positioning them incorrectly during the
reassembly.
♦ Extract the bulb socket of the dashboard part in which
there has been a light decrease.
100
Pos.
Lit part
4
Upper right part
5
Lower left part
4
Extract the bulb and replace it with one of the same type.
(*) Some versions might not have this bulb.
2
1
3
5
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REMOVING THE COMPLETE DASHBOARD
100
WARNING
Risk of fire.
Keep fuel and other flammable substances away from
the electrical components.
♦ Remove the front handlebar cover, see p. 26 (REMOVING THE FRONT HANDLEBAR COVER).
♦ Unscrew and remove the two screws (1).
♦ Unscrew and remove the two screws (2).
5
4
5
CAUTION
Handle the plastic and painted components with care
and avoid scraping or damaging them.
CAUTION
Handle with care.
Do not force the electric cables.
♦ Partially remove the dashboard (3).
CAUTION
Support the dashboard, in order to prevent it from
accidentally falling down.
4
♦ Disconnect the speedometer/odometer cable (4) from
the dashboard.
♦ Disconnect the main connector (5).
♦ Remove the complete dashboard.
REMOVING THE DASHBOARD TRANSPARENT
SCREEN
♦ Remove the complete dashboard, see above (REMOVING THE COMPLETE DASHBOARD).
100
2
2
3
CAUTION
Handle with care.
Upon disassembly and reassembly do not damage the
transparent screen and/or the couplings.
♦ Press on the four tabs (6) and remove the transparent
screen (7).
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BRAKES
WARNING
Do not ride your vehicle with worn or malfunctioning
brakes! The brakes are the most important safety system of your vehicle, and using the bike with brakes
that are anything less than perfect is very likely to lead
to a collision or upset, with consequent risk of serious
injury or death.
Check the brake pad wear, as shown on p. 50 (CHECKING WEAR OF THE BRAKE PADS).
WARNING
Wet conditions seriously degrade the performance of
your brakes. When the road is wet from rain, you should
plan to use double the normal stopping distances since
both the brakes themselves and the traction of the tires
on the road are reduced by the presence of water.
Water on the brakes from washing your vehicle, or
splashed up from wet roads, or crossing puddles or
ditches, can wet the brakes sufficiently to greatly reduce their effectiveness. Failure to heed these warnings may lead to a serious accident with consequent
risk of serious injury or even death.
NOTE This vehicle is equipped with front and rear disc
brakes with separate hydraulic systems.
The following information may refer to just one braking system but should be observed with regard to both brakes.
NOTE For the version with rear drum brake , the
following information refers to the front disc brake only.
WARNING
The brakes are extremely important for your safety.
Do not use the vehicle if the brakes do not work perfectly. Always check the brake efficiency before riding.
WARNING
Pay special attention to the brake disc and friction
material, making sure that they are neither dirty nor
oily, especially after maintenance operations or inspections.
Check the brake line, make sure that it is not twisted
or kinked, nor leaking.
KEEP BRAKE FLUID AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
DISPOSE OF USED BRAKE FLUID PROPERLY. SEE
THE GENERAL WARNINGS AT p. 2 (BRAKE FLUID).
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DISC BRAKES
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES) and
p.46 (BRAKES).
WARNING
As mentioned above, the brakes are the most important safety system on your vehicle. For your safety,
they must be in perfect repair, so they should be
checked every time you ride your vehicle.
Oil or other fluid on a disc will contaminate the brake
pads. Dirty pads must be discarded and replaced, a
dirty or oily disc must be cleaned with a high quality
degreaser.
Arrange to flush the systems and change all of the
brake fluid once every two years.
NOTE This vehicle is provided with front and rear disc
brakes with separate hydraulic systems.
NOTE For the version with rear drum brake , the
following information refers to the front disc brake only.
As the pads wear out the brake fluid level in the reservoir
decreases to automatically compensate for their wear.
The front brake fluid reservoir (1) is located on the right
end of the handlebar near the front brake lever (under
the upper handlebar cover).
The rear brake fluid reservoir (2) is located on the left
end of the handlebar near the rear brake lever and under
the upper handlebar cover.
Check the levels of the brake fluid in the reservoirs, see
p. 48 (FRONT AND REAR BRAKE). Also, check the
wear of the pads, see p. 50 (CHECKING WEAR OF THE
BRAKE PADS), every 500 km (312 mi).
WARNING
Never use your vehicle if any portion of either brake
system is leaking.
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FRONT AND REAR BRAKE
Carefully read p. 47 (DISC BRAKES).
CHECKING THE SYSTEM
NOTE Carry out these checks only on a firm, flat surface
such as a concrete garage floor.
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
MIN = minimum level.
♦ Rotate the handlebar, so that the fluid contained in the
brake reservoir is parallel to the “MIN” mark stamped
on the glass gauge (3).
♦ Ensure that the fluid contained in the reservoir exceeds
the “MIN” mark stamped on the glass gauge (3).
If the fluid does not reach the “MIN” mark:
CAUTION
As the disc pads wear out, the level of the fluid decreases progressively to compensate for their wear.
♦ Check the brake pad wear, see p. 50 (CHECKING
WEAR OF THE BRAKE PADS) and the disc wear.
If the pads and /or the disc do not need replacing:
♦ Check the brake system to determine the cause of the
problem, checking:
– the condition of the brake lines. Especially inspect
for cracks or cuts;
– the torque on the fittings;
– the line fittings for leaks;
– the brake caliper and the reservoir for leaks;
– the bleed screw for leaks. If any seepage is observed, tighten to the appropriate tightening torque;
– the reservoir caps for leaks and condition of the
gasket.
After you have repaired the brake:
♦ Check and bleed the system, see above (FRONT AND
REAR BRAKE) and see p. 51 (BLEEDING THE BRAKING SYSTEM).
♦ Top up the reservoir with appropriate brake fluid, see
p. 49 (TOPPING UP).
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TOPPING UP
Carefully read p. 46 (BRAKES) and p. 47 (DISC
BRAKES).
♦ Remove the front handlebar cover, see p. 26 (REMOVING THE FRONT HANDLEBAR COVER).
CAUTION
To remove the two screws (1) which hold the reservoir
cover (2) in place, the handlebar must be rotated so
that the fluid contained in the brake reservoir is parallel
to the “MIN” mark stamped on the glass gauge (3). If
not, brake fluid will spill from the reservoir.
♦ Rotate the handlebar so that the fluid contained in the
brake reservoir is parallel to the “MIN” mark stamped
on the glass gauge (3).
CAUTION
Do not operate the front brake lever and do not rotate
the handlebar with the screws (1) or the cover (2)
removed. This will cause brake fluid to squirt out and
spill.
♦ Unscrew the two screws (1).
♦ Remove the cover (2).
♦ Remove the guide cover (4).
WARNING
Avoid any prolonged exposure of the brake fluid to the
air. The brake fluid is hygroscopic and when in contact
with the air it absorbs its humidity. Leave the brake
fluid reservoir open only for the time necessary for
topping up.
NOTE In order not to spill the brake fluid while topping
up, keep the fluid in the reservoir parallel to the reservoir
rim, and do not shake the vehicle.
♦ Remove the gasket (5).
NOTE In order to reach the “MAX” level, top up until
covering the glass completely, but leave a space of 5-6
mm (0.20-0.23 in) from the brake fluid reservoir rim.
CAUTION
When topping up, never exceed the “MAX” level.
Top up to “MAX” only when new pads are installed.
WARNING
Do not fill the reservoir to “MAX” with worn pads; this
will cause fluid to overflow the reservoir when the pads
are renewed.
Use only DOT 5 or 4 fluid taken from a clean, sealed
container. Never reuse used brake fluid.
♦ Top up the reservoir with brake fluid, until the fluid
reaches the “MAX” level.
♦ Replace the gasket (5) in its seat correctly.
♦ Replace the guide cover (4) in its seat correctly.
♦ Replace the cover (2).
♦ Install and tighten the two screws (1).
♦ Replace the front handlebar cover, see p. 26 (REMOVING THE FRONT HANDLEBAR COVER).
CAUTION
After servicing the brakes, always check them for function. If the stroke of the lever is excessive, or if you
detect that the effectiveness of the brakes is reduced
in any way. It may be necessary to bleed the system,
see p. 51 (BLEEDING THE BRAKING SYSTEM), or there
may be some other problem with the brake system.
Never ride your vehicle in traffic immediately after servicing the brakes.
Always apply the brake lever several times before riding
your vehicle. Then, try your vehicle in a parking lot or
other safe area with little traffic to ensure that the
brakes are working properly. Failure to observe this
warning can lead to a serious accident with subsequent
serious injury or death.
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BRAKE PADS
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES), and
p.47 (DISC BRAKES).
Check the brake pad wear after the first 500 km (312 mi)
and then every 2,000 km (1,250 mi).
The amount of wear that the brake pads experience
depends on how the vehicle is used, how aggressively it
is driven, and the condition of the roads upon which it is
operated.
Wear will be faster than normal when the vehicle is
driven aggressively, or on dusty or wet roads.
CHECKING WEAR OF THE BRAKE PADS
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ Only for the front brake caliper: remove the brake
caliper cover (1).
NOTE To check the rear brake pad wear, remove the
rear brake caliper (2), see p. 53 (REMOVING THE REAR
BRAKE CALIPER).
♦ Perform a visual check of the friction material thickness. Use a flash light.
If the friction material on one pad of a pair, front or rear,
is worn to 1.5 mm (0.06 in ) or less, replace both pads.
WARNING
Excessive wear of the friction material would cause
the contact of the pad metal support with the disc,
with consequent metallic noise and production of
sparks from the caliper; braking efficiency and safety
will be seriously compromised. This could lead to a
crash, with subsequent serious injury or death.
CHANGING THE BRAKE PADS
♦ Place the vehicle on the centre stand.
Only for the front brake caliper:
♦ Remove the brake caliper cover (1).
♦ Remove the snap ring (3).
♦ Withdraw the pin (4).
♦ Remove the spring (5).
Only for the front brake caliper:
NOTE The antisqueal plates (6) will come off together with the pads.
♦ Extract the pads (7) (together with the antisqueal
plates), by withdrawing them one by one.
♦ Extract the pads (8), by withdrawing them one by one.
CAUTION
Never apply the brake levers after removing the
brake caliper. To do so will cause the caliper pistons
to fall out of their seats in the caliper. This will cause
brake fluid to spill from the caliper.
Always change both pads and make sure that they are
correctly positioned inside the caliper.
♦ Insert two new pads (8).
Only for the front brake caliper:
♦ If the antisqueal plates (6) are worn, replace them.
♦ Insert two new pads (7) (complete with antisqueal
plates).
♦ Insert the spring (5) correctly.
♦ Insert the pin (4).
♦ Install the snap ring (3).
Only for the front brake caliper:
♦ Install the brake caliper cover (1).
♦ Check the brake fluid level, see p. 48 (FRONT AND
REAR BRAKE).
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BLEEDING THE BRAKING SYSTEM
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES), and
p.47 (DISC BRAKES).
NOTE This vehicle is provided with front and rear disc
brakes, with separate hydraulic system.
The following information may refers to a single braking
system, but is applicable for both braking system.
3
2
4
NOTE For the version with rear drum brake
, the
following information refers to the front disc brake only.
When air is present in the hydraulic system it will absorb
most of the force exerted by the brake master cylinder,
and thus reduce the effectiveness of caliper action during
braking. You can tell if there is air in the system by
sponginess in the brake control, and reduced braking
efficiency.
WARNING
Since these conditions would be extremely dangerous for the vehicle and for the rider, it is absolutely
necessary to bleed the hydraulic system after the
reassembly of the brakes and the restoration of the
normal conditions of use.
NOTE To bleed the hydraulic systems one by one.
♦ Carry out the operations described at paragraph
“TOPPING UP”, see p. 48 (section “DISC BRAKE”,
chapter “FRONT AND REAR BRAKE”), excluding the
last five operations.
♦ Remove the protection cap (1) from the bleeder nipple
(2).
♦ Connect a transparent tube (3) to the bleeder nipple
(2).
CAUTION
Do not contaminate the pads or the disc with brake
fluid.
♦ Put the free end of the transparent tube into a clear
container (4).
♦ Slowly pull the brake lever (5) through its full travel two
or three times, then keep it in a fully pulled position.
CAUTION
Loosen the bleeder nipple (2) and check the brake
fluid level in the reservoir (6). Do not allow the
reservoir to become completely empty. This will
cause the introduction of more air into the brake
system.
♦ Loosen the bleeder nipple (2) and check to see if
bubbles still appear in the transparent tube (3) .
♦ Check the brake fluid level, see p. 48 (FRONT AND
REAR BRAKE).
CAUTION
Before releasing the brake lever (5), close the bleeder
nipple (2) in order to prevent air from entering the brake
system that way.
♦ When brake fluid flows out clear, without bubbles, this
indicates that you have successfully bled the air from
the brake system. Close the bleeder nipple (2) snugly,
and tighten it to its appropriate tightening torque.
Bleeder nipple tightening torque: 4-12 Nm (2.90-8.68
ftlb).
NOTE Repeat the last three operations until eliminating
the air bubbles completely.
♦ Replace the protection cap (1) on the bleeder nipple
(2).
WARNING
Pay special attention to the brake disc and friction material, making sure that they are neither dirty nor oily,
especially after maintenance operations or inspections.
WARNING
After reassembly, pull the brake lever repeatedly and
check the proper functioning of the braking system.
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BRAKE CALIPERS
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES), and p.47
(DISC BRAKES).
REMOVING THE FRONT BRAKE CALIPER
Carefully read above (BRAKE CALIPERS).
WARNING
A dirty disc soils the pads, with consequent reduction
of the braking efficiency. Dirty pads must be replaced,
while dirty discs must be cleaned with a high-quality
degreaser.
CAUTION
Upon disassembly, be careful not to damage the brake
lines, disc and pads.
CAUTION
Never apply the front brake lever after removing the
brake caliper. To do so will cause the caliper pistons to
fall out of their seats in the caliper. This will cause brake
fluid to spill from the caliper.
1
♦ Remove the two screws (1) that fasten the caliper to the
front support. Remove the caliper (2) by sliding out
from the back in the direction shown by the arrow.
Brake caliper screw (1) tightening torque: 19.53 ftlb
(27 Nm)
2
CAUTION
After reassembly, pull the front brake lever repeatedly
and check the correct functioning of the braking system.
REMOVING THE REAR BRAKE CALIPER
Carefully read p. 52 (BRAKE CALIPERS).
WARNING
A dirty disc soils the pads, with consequent reduction
of the braking efficiency. Dirty pads must be replaced,
while dirty discs must be cleaned with a high-quality
degreaser.
DISASSEMBLY
CAUTION
Upon disassembly, be careful not to damage the brake
lines, disc and pads.
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
2
WARNING
Before carrying out the following operations, let the
engine and the exhaust silencer cool down until they
reach room temperature, in order to avoid burns.
♦ Unscrew and remove the two screws (1).
Brake caliper screw (1) tightening torque:
27 Nm (19.53 ftlb).
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CAUTION
Never apply the rear brake lever after removing the
brake caliper. To do so will cause the caliper pistons
to fall out of their seats in the caliper. This will cause
brake fluid to spill from the caliper.
♦ Remove the brake caliper (2), by carefully withdrawing
it from the brake disc.
REASSEMBLY
WARNING
Keep your fingers clear, do not allow them to become crushed between the wheel, the caliper or the
fork. Do not attempt to align the holes in the caliper
using your fingers. Use work-gloves to carrying out
these operations. Failure to obey this warning can
cause serious injury.
2
♦ Insert the brake caliper (2) on the disc and position it
so that its fastening holes and the holes on the support
are aligned.
WARNING
1
When reassembling the brake caliper, replace the
caliper screws (1) with two new screws of the same
type.
♦ Tighten the two screws (1) to the appropriate torque.
Brake caliper screws (1) tightening torque:
27 Nm (19.53 ftlb).
WARNING
After reassembly, pull the rear brake lever repeatedly
and check the correct functioning of the braking
system.
REMOVING THE REAR BRAKE SHOES
100
Consult the engine manual for this operation.
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TRANSMISSION
CHECKING THE TRANSMISSION OIL LEVEL
1
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
2
DISPOSE OF OIL PROPERLY
To control the transmission oil level, carry out the following operations every 3,000 km (2,500 mi) of use, or every
12 months:
♦ Run the engine for a few kilometers until it reaches its
normal working temperature, and then stop the engine.
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
.
♦ Remove the 8 screws (1) shown in the figure
.
♦ Remove the casing (2)
♦ Place a measuring container with a capacity of no less
.
than 120 cm3 under the bleeder cap (3)
♦ Unscrew the filling cap (4) and the oil bleeder cap (3)
.
♦ Let the oil flow out of the casing completely.
♦ Measure the amount of oil in the container and, if less
than 110 cm3, top up to this level, see page 13 (LUBRICANT CHART).
.
♦ Tighten the bleeder cap (3)
♦ Use the oil from the measuring container to refill the
tank.
.
♦ Tighten the filling cap (4)
100 .
♦ Remove the filling plug (1)
100 .
♦ Use the dipstick to check the oil level
1
3
4
CAUTION
Tighten the filling and bleeder caps well and make
sure that no oil leaks out.
Check regularly for leaks around the casing cover
gasket. Do not use the vehicle if there is insufficient
lubricant or with contaminated or unsuitable lubricants,
since these will speed up the wear of moving parts
and can cause irreparable damage.
100
2
1
CHANGING THE TRANSMISSION OIL
CAUTION
♦ Tighten the bleeder cap and pour in 110 cm3 of oil, see
page 13 (LUBRICANT CHART).
♦ Tighten the filling cap (4).
DISPOSE OF OIL PROPERLY.
We recommend that oil be consigned, in a sealed
container, to the filling station where you usually
purchase fuel, or to an oil collection point.
For an efficient, long-lasting vehicle, change the oil after
the first 500 km (312 mi) and then every 12,000 km
(7,500 mi) or every 2 years.
To change the oil:
♦ Run the engine for a few kilometers until it reaches its
normal working temperature, and then stop the engine.
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ Place a measuring container with a capacity of no less
than 120 cm3 under the bleeder cap (3).
♦ Unscrew the filling cap (4) and the oil bleeder cap (3).
♦ Let the oil flow out of the casing completely.
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CAUTION
Tighten the filling and bleeder caps well and make sure
that no oil leaks out.
Check regularly for leaks around the casing cover
gasket. Do not use the vehicle if there is insufficient
lubricant or with contaminated or unsuitable lubricants,
since these will speed up the wear of moving parts
and can cause irreparable damage.
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WHEELS / TIRES
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
INSPECTING THE WHEELS
♦ Make sure that the wheel rims are neither cracked, nor
deformed. Change them if necessary.
♦ Check the wheel eccentricity.
If it is deformed beyond the tolerance limits, check the
rim and the bearings.
If necessary, replace the wheel.
Eccentricity limit:
Vertical: 2 mm (0.07874 in)
Horizontal: 2 mm (0.07874 in)
♦ Check the wheel balancing.
♦ Place the wheel on a balancing stand, and rotate it
several times, observing the position in which the
wheel stops.
If the wheel is statically balanced, it will not always stop
in the same place. If it always stops in the same place,
the wheel is out of balance, and must be balanced.
Place balancing weights on the lightest side of the
wheel until it no longer stops in any one position after
being rotated several times.
TIRES
This vehicle is equipped with inner tube tires, see p. 8
(TECHNICAL DATA).
WARNING
Check the tire inflation at room temperature at least
once a week, see p. 8 (TECHNICAL DATA).
Pressure measurement must always be carried out
when the tires are cold, as when the tires are warmed
up, pressure will increase, and if they are checked at
this time erroneous readings will be seen.
If the tire is inflated to too high a pressure, an uncomfortably harsh ride will result, and riding comfort will
be compromised.
Also, road holding, especially during turns and in
wet conditions, will likewise be compromised.
If the tire is underinflated (pressure is too low), the tire
may slip on the rim with consequent loss of control.
Again, road holding and handling characteristics will
be degraded, and brake performance will be reduced.
When the tire is worn to a point where any tread is less
than 3 mm (0.12 in) deep, the tire is worn out, and must
be replaced. Also, if a tire suffers a puncture that is
larger than 5 mm (0.20 in) in its longest dimension, the
tire must not be repaired, but should be replaced.
After a tire is repaired, balance the wheels. Use only
tires that are listed, see p. 8 (TECHNICAL DATA).
Insure that all tires are equipped with properly in-stalled
valve caps.
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WARNING
Change, repair, maintenance and balancing operations
are very important and should be carried out by qualified technicians with appropriate tools.
If the tires are new, they may still be covered with a
slippery film: drive carefully for the first miles.
Never attempt to treat a tire with any kind of rubber
dressing. Particularly avoid contact to the tire with any
petroleum fluid as this will cause rapid deterioration
of the rubber.
If a tire becomes contaminated with oil or gasoline,
you cannot clean it. The tire must be replaced.
♦ Bulges and swelling, or an uneven sidewall, are signs
of internal damage to the tire. A tire that is internally
damaged must not be used, but must be replaced immediately.
♦ Check the tire frequently to ensure that there are not
sidewall breaks, nor cuts in the tread or sidewall.
WARNING
Some of the original equipment tires for this vehicle
are provided with wear indicators.
There are several kinds of wear indicators.
Contact your dealer to get the necessary information
on the wear check procedures.
Visually check the tire wear and if they are worn, have
them replaced.
If a tire should go flat while you are riding the vehicle,
do not attempt to continue riding. Avoid abrupt braking and steering inputs, and avoid shutting the throttle quickly. Slowly decrease the throttle setting, moving to the side of the road, using the engine compression to slow you to a stop. Non-compliance with these
instructions may cause accidents with consequent risk
of injuries or even death.
Do not install tires with an inner tube on rims for tubeless tires, and viceversa.
Minimum tread depth is measured as shown above.
The minimum tread depth (1) for both the front and the
rear tires is 3 mm (0.12 in).
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FRONT WHEEL
DISASSEMBLY
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
WARNING
While disassembling and reassembling the wheel,
pay extra care not to damage the brake lines, discs or
pads.
Before carrying out the following operations, let the
engine and the exhaust silencer cool down until they
reach room temperature, in order to avoid burns.
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
NOTE Prepare a 200 mm (78.74 in) high support (1),
the base of which must measure 200 x 200 mm (78.74 x
78.74 in).
♦ Place the support (1) under the vehicle and a soft cloth
between them, so that the front wheel can move freely
and the vehicle cannot fall down.
♦ Place a support (2) under the tire, in such a way as to
keep the wheel in its position after loosening it.
5
WARNING
6
Make sure that the vehicle is stable. If it falls, it may
injure you or bystanders, as well as damaging
property, and being damaged itself.
♦ Have a helper steady the handlebar in the straight
ahead position.
Screw (3) tightening torque: 12Nm (8.68 ftlb).
♦ Loosen the axle clamp screw (3), using the appropriate
Allen wrench.
Axle (4) tightening torque: 50Nm (36.17 ftlb).
♦ Unscrew the axle (4) completely with an appropriate
Allen wrench.
4
3
NOTE Observe the arrangement of the speedometer
drive (5) and of the washer (6), in order to be able to
reassemble them correctly.
♦ Support the front wheel and remove the axle (4)
manually.
♦ Remove the washer (6).
CAUTION
Never touch the front brake lever after removing the
front wheel. If you do, the caliper pistons may be
pushed out of their seats, and brake fluid will be spilled.
♦ Pull the wheel out in the direction shown by the arrow.
♦ Remove the wheel completely by pulling it forward.
♦ Disconnect the speedometer drive (5).
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CHECKING
♦ Before reassembly, check the condition of the following
parts, and if in any way damaged, replace them:
– washer (6);
– bearings (12);
– speedometer drive (5);
– spacer (13);
– brake disc (14), [(minimum thickness 3.5 mm (0.138 in)];
– front axle (4);
WARNING
Riding with damaged rims is dangerous for the rider,
the vehicle and other people.
Check the conditions of the wheel rim and the tire; if in
any way damaged, replace them.
– wheel rim (15) see p. 55 (INSPECTING THE WHEELS);
– tire (16), see p. 55 (TIRES).
♦ Further, check the brake pad wear, see p. 50 (CHECKING WEAR OF THE BRAKE PADS).
REASSEMBLY
100
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
WARNING
A dirty disc soils the pads, with consequent reduction
of the braking efficiency. Dirty pads must be replaced,
while dirty discs must be cleaned with a high-quality
degreaser.
Before carrying out the following operations, let the
engine and the exhaust silencer cool down until they
reach room temperature, in order to avoid burns.
♦ Apply a thin film of lubricating grease, see p. 13 (LUBRICANT CHART) to the:
- inside of the speedometer drive (5);
- outer seats of the wheel hub;
- front axle (4).
♦ Position the wheel on the support (2) between the fork
legs.
♦ Position the tang (9) of the speedometer drive in the
appropriate seat on the wheel hub.
CAUTION
While reassembling the wheel, be careful not to
damage the brake line, the disc and the pads.
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♦ Insert the wheel between the fork legs, carefully
introducing the disc into the brake caliper.
WARNING
Danger of injury.
Keep your fingers clear. Do not attempt to line up the
wheel and the axle clamps with your fingers. Use
work-gloves to carrying out these operations.
♦ Move the wheel around until the axle hole and the axle
clamps are aligned.
♦ Insert the washer (6) between the speedometer drive
(5) and the fork right rod.
♦ Push in the axle (4) completely and tighten it to its
appropriate tightening torque.
Axle (4) tightening torque: 50 Nm (36.17 ftlb).
♦ Remove the support (2) from under the tire.
♦ Remove the support (1) from under the vehicle.
♦ Retract the center stand.
♦ Apply the front brake lever, and then push down on the
handlebars, compressing the fork springs several
times. This will align the fork tubes.
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ Tighten the axle clamp screw (3).
5
6
Screw (3) tightening torque: 12 Nm (8.68 ftlb).
♦ Make sure that the following components are not dirty.
– tire;
– wheel;
– front brake disc;
– front brake caliper.
9
4
3
WARNING
After servicing the brakes, always check them for
function. If the stroke of the lever is excessive, or if
you detect that the effectiveness of the brakes is
reduced in any way, check the brake system, see p.
47 (DISC BRAKES).
It may be necessary to bleed the system, or there
may be some other problem with the brake system.
Never ride your vehicle in traffic immediately after
servicing the brakes.
Always apply the brake lever several times before
riding your vehicle. Then, try your vehicle in a
parking lot or other safe area with little traffic to
ensure that the brakes are working properly. Failure
to observe this warning can lead to a serious accident with subsequent serious injury or death.
Check the tightening torques, centering and balancing of the wheel, see p. 55 (INSPECTING THE
WHEELS). These are critical safety operations, and
failure to observe this warning could lead to an
upset with subsequent serious injury or death.
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REAR WHEEL
DISASSEMBLY
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
WARNING
A dirty disc soils the pads, with consequent reduction
of the braking efficiency. Dirty pads must be replaced,
while dirty discs must be cleaned with a high-quality
degreaser.
Riding with damaged rims is dangerous for the rider,
the vehicle and other people.
Check the conditions of the wheel rim and the tire; if
in any way damaged, replace them. While reassembling the wheel, be careful not to damage the brake
line, the disc and the pads.
♦ Remove the exhaust silencer, see p. 69 (EXHAUST SILENCER).
♦ Deflate the rear tire completely.
NOTE To unscrew the wheel nut (1), it is necessary to
lock the rotation of the wheel.
♦ Pull the rear brake lever (2) completely, then put a small
piece of cardboard (3) on the grip and keep the rear
brake lever pulled by holding it against the grip by
means of a tie wrap (4).
♦ Remove the cover (5).
♦ Unscrew and remove the nut (1)and the washer.
NOTE Upon reassembly, use a new wheel nut. Do not
reassemble your vehicle using the old wheel nut. This
wheel nut is of a special type.
Nut (1) tightening torque: 110Nm (79.56 ftlb).
♦ Remove the tie wrap (4) and the cardboard (3).
♦ Release the rear brake lever (2).
100 .
Extract the wheel
♦
♦ Remove the rear brake caliper, see p. 52 (REMOVING
THE REAR BRAKE CALIPER).
♦ Extract the wheel.
Reassembly:
♦ Make sure that the following components are not dirty:
– tire;
– wheel;
– rear brake disc
;
.
– rear brake caliper
WARNING
After servicing the brakes, always check them for
function. If the stroke of the lever is excessive, or if
you detect that the effectiveness of the brakes is
reduced in any way, check the brake system, see p. 47
(DISC BRAKES) it may be necessary to bleed the
system, or there may be some other problem with the
brake system. Never ride your vehicle in traffic immediately after servicing the brakes.
Always apply the brake pedal or lever several times
before riding your vehicle. Then, try your vehicle in a
parking lot or other safe area with little traffic to
ensure that the brakes are working properly. Failure
to observe this warning can lead to a serious accident
with subsequent serious injury or death.
Check the tightening torques, centering and balancing of the wheel, see p. 55 (INSPECTING THE
WHEELS). These are critical safety operations, and
failure to observe this warning could lead to an upset
with subsequent serious injury or death.
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CHECKING THE ENGINE FULCRUM AXIS
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
Periodically check the engine fulcrum shaft and bushings
for slack.
To carry out this operation, proceed as follows:
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
WARNING
Before carrying out the following operations, let the
engine and the exhaust silencer cool down until they
reach room temperature, in order to avoid burns.
♦ Grasp the wheel firmly and try to move it perpendicularly to the normal direction of travel (see figure).
♦ If any play is detected, check all of the fasteners
attaching the mounting unit, see p. 73 (ENGINE
MOUNTING BUSHINGS).
♦ If play can still be deteched, contact your Local aprilia
Dealer for repair instructions.
IGNITION SWITCH / STEERING LOCK
REMOVAL
♦ Remove the front cover, see p. 25 (REMOVING THE
FRONT COVER).
♦ Disconnect the two electric connectors (1) and (2).
♦ Unscrew and remove the two screws (3) (special
type).
1
NOTE Upon reassembly change the screw (3) (special
type) with a new one.
♦ Remove the complete switch.
2
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AIR CLEANER
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
WARNING
The state of the air filter should be checked monthly
or every 4,000 km (2,500 mi), depending on the
conditions in which the vehicle is used.
If it is used on dusty or wet roads, cleaning and
replacement operations must be carried out more
frequently.
1
2
REMOVAL THE AIR FILTER
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ Remove the inspection cover, see p. 22 (REMOVING
THE INSPECTION COVER).
♦ Remove the pipe (2) supplying fuel to the injector from
its housing on the air filter cover (1).
♦ Unfasten and remove the seven screws (3).
3
NOTE If the filter is dirty, remove the filter element (4)
and replace it.
3
REMOVING THE COMPLETE AIR CLEANER CASING
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
♦ Remove the inspection cover, see p. 22 (REMOVING
THE INSPECTION COVER).
4
♦ Free the fuel pipe (1) from the filter case (2).
♦ Remove the electric connection on the fuel injector (3).
1
2
3
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♦ Remove the two screws (4) sideways.
2
4
4
♦ Remove the two screws (5) that fix the guard (6) to the
engine.
♦ Unscrew the screw (7) and lift the rear shock absorber.
6
5
7
♦ Unscrew the two screws (8) and (9) from the flywheel
side.
♦ Remove the guard (6).
8
9
♦ Remove the clamp (10).
♦ Remove the whole air filter case (2) from the front.
NOTE On reassembly, fit a new clamp.
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AIR CLEANER
100
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
WARNING
Clean and check of the air filter should be checked
monthly or every 3,000 Km (1,875 mi), depending on
the conditions in which the vehicle is used.
If it is used on dusty or wet roads, cleaning and
replacement operations must be carried out more
frequently.
To clean the filtering element it is necessary to remove it
from the vehicle.
100
1
1
REMOVAL THE AIR FILTER
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ Unscrew and remove the six screws (1).
1
♦ Remove the air filter cover (2).
♦ Remove the filter element (3).
100
3
2
CLEANING
WARNING
Do not use petrol or inflammable solvents to wash
the filtering element, in order to avoid fires or explosions.
♦ Wash the filtering element (3) with clean, non-inflammable solvents or solvents with high volatility point, then let
it dry thoroughly.
♦ Apply a filter oil on the whole surface.
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REMOVING THE COMPLETE AIR CLEANER CASING
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
100
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ Unloose and remove the two screws (1) keeping the
relative stop nust situated on the back.
♦ Unloose the splash guard to air cleaner casing fixing
screw (6).
5
1
100
3
2
♦ Remove clamp (2) from the air tube using a suitable tool.
♦ Pull out the carburettor - air cleanser coupling tube (4) of
the air cleanser (5) together with the hose clamp.
♦ Remove the complete air cleaner casing (5).
4
100
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FORK HEAD
CHECKING THE BEARING PLAY
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
To check the steering it is necessary to:
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
NOTE Prepare a 200 mm (7.87 in) high support, the
base of which must measure 200 x 200 mm (7.87 x 7.87
in).
♦ Place the support (1) under the vehicle and a soft cloth
between them, so that the front wheel can move freely
and the vehicle cannot fall down.
WARNING
Make sure that the vehicle is stable. If it falls, it may
injure you or bystanders, as well as damaging
property, and being damaged itself.
♦ Grasp the lower fork legs and pull the fork fore and aft,
with the steering in a straight a head position.
NOTE Be careful when performing this measurement
not to confuse play in the center stand with play in the
fork head. You should repeat this test several times
before deciding that the fork head needs to be adjusted.
♦ There should be no fore and aft slack. If you detect any
slack, the fork head bearings must be adjusted, see below (ADJUSTING THE BEARING PLAY).
ADJUSTING THE BEARING PLAY
♦ Remove the front inner shield, see p. 25 (REMOVING
THE FRONT INNER SHIELD).
CAUTION
Proceed with care.
Handle the plastic and painted components with care
and avoid scraping or damaging them.
♦ Remove the snap-in plug (2).
♦ Working through the hole (3), prevent the screw (4) from
rotating with an appropriate Allen wrench.
Nut (5) tightening torque: 50Nm (36.17 ftlb).
♦ Remove the nut (5).
NOTE There is a groove in the steering column which
engages screw (4). This centers the handlebar, and prevents it from accidentally coming off.
You must remove screw (4) as far as possible before
lifting the handlebar off.
♦ Pull screw (4) as far out of the tabs through which it
passes as possible (the rear handlebar cover makes it
impossible to remove it completely).
♦ Raise the handlebars a few centimeters.
♦ Remove the rubber gasket (6).
♦ Loosen the lock nut (7) using an appropriate open end
wrench.
CAUTION
Do not over tighten the adjusting nut (8). Over
tightening the nut could damage the steering bearings.
♦ Tighten the adjusting nut (8) until all the bearing play is
removed.
♦ Check the play as described above. Make sure that the
front fork can move throughout its entire range, stop to
stop, in a free and smooth rotation.
♦ Hold the adjusting nut (8) in position using an appropriate
open end wrench and tighten the lock nut (7).
Check the bearing play again after you have tightened the
lock nut to insure that the adjustment is maintained.
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REMOVING THE FORK HEAD BEARINGS
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
WARNING
Put a proper support under the vehicle, in order to
prevent it from falling down.
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand, on a lifting platform,
with the front wheel protruding from the platform edge.
♦ Lift the platform at 50-60 cm (19.69-23.62 in) from the
ground, in order to be able to withdraw the fork together
with the wheel without problems.
♦ Free the odometer cable (1) from the slit (2) in the
mudguard.
♦ Unscrew the ring nut (3).
♦ Disconnect the speedometer/odometer cable from the
wheel transmission (4).
4
2
3
1
CAUTION
Do not force the cables, tubes, lines, connectors or
wires.
♦ Remove the handlebars completely.
♦ Support the handlebars so that they do not strain the
wires and cables.
♦ Withdraw and remove the rubber gasket (5).
♦ Unscrew and remove the lock nut (6).
♦ Unscrew and remove the adjusting nut (7).
CAUTION
When removing the fork, be careful to capture all of
the fork head bearing balls. They are not caged, and
will fall free as the fork is removed.
♦ Remove the fork from the steering tube.
♦ Remove the inner race (8) and balls (9) from the upper
bearing (10).
♦ Remove the inner race (11) and the balls (12) from the
lower bearing (13).
♦ Carefully wash all of the bearing components, including
the outer races (14) and (15).
♦ Inspect all components for wear, if necessary replace
them.
♦ Liberally grease all bearing components, holding the
balls in place in the outer race with the grease before
attempting to assemble the fork by reversing the above
procedure.
5
6
7
8
9
14
10
CAUTION
Upon reassembly, pay attention to the correct number of balls to be inserted:
- 21 balls (10) upper bearing (11).
- 25 balls (13) lower bearing (14).
15
12
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FRONT FORK
REMOVING THE COMPLETE FORK
To remove the complete fork, along with front wheel and
front mudguard mounted, follow the instructions of p. 67
(REMOVING THE FORK HEAD BEARINGS).
In case of removing for remplacement of the complete
fork, keep to the instructions of p. 67 (REMOVING THE
FORK HEAD BEARINGS) replacing the two operations:
♦ Unscrew the metal ring (3).
WITH THE FOLLOWING OPERATION:
♦ Remove the front wheel, see p. 57 (FRONT WHEEL).
After removing the fork:
♦ Remove the front mudguard, see p. 28 (REMOVING
THE FRONT MUDGUARD).
DISASSEMBLING THE LOWER FORK LEGS
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
NOTE The lower fork legs (1) and (2) can be removed
from the forks, even with the fork installed in the vehicle.
♦ Remove the front wheel, see p. 57 (FRONT WHEEL)
To disassemble the right lower fork leg (1):
♦ Remove the screw (3).
Screw (3) tightening torque: 24 Nm (17.36 ftlb).
♦ Withdraw the right lower fork leg (1).
♦ Check the wear of the sealing ring (5), replace it if
necessary.
To disassemble the left lower fork leg (2):
♦ Remove the nut (6).
Nut (6) tightening torque: 24 Nm (17.36 ftlb).
♦ Withdraw the left lower fork leg (2).
♦ Check the wear of the sealing ring (7) and replace it if
necessary.
REMOVING THE COMPLETE SHOCK ABSORBER
Only the left fork tube contains a shock absorber (8).
The damper may be removed, even with the fork installed on the vehicle.
♦ Remove the left lower fork leg (2), see above (DISASSEMBLING THE LOWER FORK LEGS).
♦ Remove the front cover, see p. 25 (REMOVING THE
FRONT COVER).
♦ Rotate the handlebar completely clockwise (rightwards).
♦ Prevent the screw (9) from rotating with an appropriate
Allen wrench.
♦ Remove the nut (10).
NOTE Upon reassembly, position the nut (10) correctly.
♦ Withdraw the complete shock absorber (8).
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REAR SUSPENSION
REMOVAL
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
CAUTION
Put a proper spacer (X) under the rear wheel to
prevent it from falling and pushing the air cleaner
casing into the frame.
♦ Remove the rear part of the fairing, see p.22 (REMOVING
THE REAR PART OF THE FAIRING).
X
WARNING
Support the rear part of the frame to prevent it from
dropping during the removal of the shock absorber.
♦ Remove the upper screw (1) and washer.
Upper screw tightening torque: 50 Nm (36.17 ftlb).
♦ Remove the lower screw (2) and washer.
Lower screw tightening torque: 25 Nm (18.08 ftlb).
♦ Remove the shock absorber (3).
3
1
2
100
1
3
2
EXHAUST SILENCER
DISASSEMBLY
4
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
WARNING
Before carrying out the following operations, let the
engine and the exhaust silencer cool down until they
reach room temperature, in order to avoid burns.
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CAUTION
If the additional flange (4) is provided, do not
unscrew the screws (5) and (6), but follow the
procedure described here.
♦ Unscrew and remove the screws (7) and (8).
Screw (7) and (8) tightening torque:
12Nm (8.68 ftlb).
♦ Unscrew and remove the two screws (5) and (6)
that fasten the exhaust silencer to the engine.
7
Screw (5) and (6) tightening torque:
25Nm (18.08 ftlb).
8
♦ Remove the exhaust silencer.
NOTE Upon reassembly, replace the gasket
positioned between the exhaust manifold and the
silencer with a new one.
ENGINE
REMOVING THE ENGINE FROM THE FRAME
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
1
♦ Place the vehicle on the center stand.
♦ Remove the tail, see (REMOVING THE TAIL).
♦ Slide out the spark plug.
♦ Disconnect the electric connectors of the starter motor
.
(1) and generator (2) and (3)
♦ Disconnect the electric connectors of the starter motor
100 .
and generator
♦ Remove the air filter case, see p. 62 (REMOVING
THE COMPLETE AIR CLEANER CASING).
3
2
5
WARNING
Wash your hands carefully after handling the oil.
Dispose of oil properly.
♦ Bleed the mixer oil tank completely, see p. 35 (BLEEDING
.
THE MIXER OIL TANK)
♦ Collect the oil in a container and seal it
.
♦ Disconnect the oil pipes
.
CAUTION
On reassembly, after refilling the tank, bleed the
mixer oil tank, see p. 36 (BLEEDING THE MIXER OIL
TANK).
♦ Remove the screw (4) that supports the fuel pipe (5);
remove the plate (6) and slide out the whole assembly
.
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♦ Remove the connectors (7) of the throttle positioning
.
sensor (8), temperature sensor (9) and air injector
8
9
7
♦ Remove the screw (10) that fastens the ground cable
to the engine.
10
♦ Remove the fuel pipe (5)
100
.
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♦ Remove the rear brake caliper, see p. 52 (REMOVING
.
THE REAR BRAKE CALIPER)
.
♦ Fix the brake caliper to the vehicle frame
♦ Unscrew and remove the screw (11) and free the brake
.
pipe from the cable gland (12)
♦ Unscrew and remove the bottom screw of the shock
absorber (13), complete with washer.
12
13
11
Screw (13) tightening torque: 18.08 ftlb (25 Nm)
♦ Rotate the shock absorber and fix it to the frame.
♦ Unscrew and remove the engine fulcrum-connecting
rod nut (14) and relevant washer.
Engine fulcrum-connecting rod pin nut tightening
torque: 36.17 ftlb (50 Nm).
NOTE Prepare a support to insert between the engine
fulcrum-connecting rod pin couplings in order to sustain
the vehicle without engine, back wheel, exhaust silencer
and center stand.
WARNING
The following operations require the assistance of a
second operator, because of the weight and size of
the components and vehicle.
Agree beforehand on how to divide up the tasks (the
tasks are marked as follows: those marked “A” are
to be done by the first operator and those marked
“B” by the second operator), the procedure to follow
and any warning signals.
15
PROCEED WITH GREAT CARE.
WARNING
The size and weight of the vehicle may cause it to tilt
dangerously during lifting, with the possibility of the
whole vehicle tipping over.
PROCEED WITH CARE AND MAKE SURE THAT YOU
ARE ABLE TO BEAR THE WEIGHT OF THE VEHICLE.
14
♦ “A” Grip the frame and lift the rear section of the
vehicle.
♦ “B” Slide the engine fulcrum-connecting rod pin (15)
and relevant washer out completely.
WARNING
As it moves forward, if not checked, the front wheel
may move to one side, compromising both the
stability of the vehicle and operator safety.
♦ “A” and “B” Hold the handlebar and move the vehicle
far enough forward to be away from the engine.
♦ “A” Support the vehicle.
♦ “B” Place a previously prepared support between the
engine fulcrum-connecting rod pin attachments.
♦ “A” Lower the vehicle and make sure that it is resting in
a safe position.
Take care during lifting and movement operations,
since the stand, when it returns to its idle position,
risks crushing or injuring limbs or fingers.
CAUTION
Block the intake manifold of the engine to prevent
impurities or foreign objects from entering it.
♦ “A” and “B” Lift the engine, complete with wheel, exhaust
WARNING
Carry out all maneuvers with caution. Be careful of
fingers and limbs.
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silencer and center stand, and place it on a workbench.
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
ENGINE MOUNTING BUSHINGS
REMOVAL
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
Worn out or damaged bonded rubber engine mounting
bushings can cause annoying vibration and unsafe
vehicle handling.
To check the condition of the bushings, it is necessary to
remove the engine mounting shaft (see figure below).
♦ Remove the lower shield, see p. 24 (REMOVING THE
LOWER SHIELD).
♦ Remove the engine, see p. 70 (REMOVING THE
ENGINE FROM THE FRAME).
WARNING
After removing the engine mounting bushings,
support the vehicle chassis with the support (1).
Position a support (1) [(height 300 mm (11.81 in)] under
the central part of the frame.
WARNING
Make sure that the vehicle is stable. If it falls, it may
injure you or bystanders, as well as damaging property, and being damaged itself.
♦ Remove the nut (2) and take out the frame-connecting
rod fastening pin (3) from the opposite side.
3
2
♦ Remove the whole connecting rod (4).
4
♦ Check the condition of the silent-block (5) and buffer
(6), and if damaged, replace.
Frame-connecting rod pin locking torque: 25 Nm (18.08
ftlb)
5
4
5
6
2
3
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BATTERY
Carefully read p. 2 (GENERAL SAFETY RULES).
Check the electrolyte level and the tightness of the terminals
after the first 500 km (312 mi) and successively every
4,000 km (2,500 mi) or 8 months.
WARNING
Batteries, when charged, give off hydrogen gas, which
is highly explosive. Therefore, do not smoke while
working on or around the battery, and keep naked
flames or sparks away from the battery. Keep gasoline
and other flammable substances well away from the
battery, since a battery spark could easily ignite them
and cause a devastating fire.
Battery electrolyte is toxic and caustic and can severely
burn your eyes or skin. Always wear tight fitting
goggles and protective clothing when handling battery
electrolyte. It is particularly important for you to protect
your eyes since even a minuscule amount of battery
acid could destroy your vision.
Should you accidentally get even the smallest amount
of battery electrolyte on your skin or eyes, immediately
flush with large quantities of clear cool water and
immediately seek professional medical attention.
If someone should accidentally swallow battery electrolyte, drink a large quantity of milk or cool clear water
and continue with milk of magnesia or vegetable oil.
Seek professional medical assistance immediately.
Since the battery gives off explosive hydrogen gas,
especially when it is being charged, when you are
charging a battery, make sure that the room is properly
ventilated. Do not inhale the gases released during
charging. Do not permit any open flames, sparks or
cigarettes or any other source of heat anywhere near
the battery while it is charging.
KEEP BATTERIES AND ELECROLYTE AWAY FROM
CHILDREN.
CAUTION
Do not tip the vehicle too much, or tip the battery too
much, to avoid electrolyte leaking out. Should you
accidentally spill battery electrolyte on any part of your
vehicle, immediately wash it off with lots of cool clear
water. Spills may be neutralized with a mixture of
baking soda and water, as well. This is particularly
important, as the battery electrolyte will severely
corrode metallic parts and destroy the finish of plastic
and painted parts.
Never invert the battery cables. Observe the proper
polarity of the battery. Incorrectly attaching the battery
to your vehicle will irreparably destroy the electrical
system of your vehicle.
Connect and disconnect the battery only with the
ignition switch (1) in the (OFF) position.
First connect the positive cable (red) (+), then the
negative (–).
Disconnect the negative cable (–) first, then the positive (red) (+).
If your battery needs to be charged, use a constant
voltage, or “taper” charger, with a current rating no
greater than 1/10th the capacity of the battery (i.e., for a
50 amp hour battery, the maximum charging current
should be 5 amps). Use of a more powerful charger can
not only damage the battery irreparably, but could
cause it to overhead and explode.
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If your battery is equipped with an overflow tube, always
ensure that it is properly installed, and properly routed.
Failure to adhere to this instruction can cause corrosive
fumes from the battery to cause serious damage to your
vehicle.
2
3
CHECKING AND CLEANING TERMINALS AND
CLAMPS
Carefully read p. 74 (BATTERY).
♦ Access the battery, see page 75 (ACCESSING THE
BATTERY).
♦ Check that the cable terminals (2) and battery clamps
(3) are:
- in good condition (not corroded or covered with
deposits);
- coated with special grease or Vaseline.
If necessary:
♦ Make sure that the ignition switch (1) is set to “ ”
(OFF).
♦ Disconnect, in this sequence, the negative cable (-)
and the positive cable (red) (+).
♦ Use a wire brush to remove all traces of corrosion.
♦ Reconnect, in this sequence, the positive cable (red)
(+) and the negative cable (–).
♦ Coat the terminals and clamps with special grease or
Vaseline.
♦ Replace the battery, see page 77 (BATTERY INSTALLATION).
REMOVING THE BATTERY
Carefully read p. 74 (BATTERY).
ACCESSING THE BATTERY
♦ Make sure that the ignition switch is set to “ ”.
♦ Lift up the saddle.
♦ Remove the battery cover (4).
CAUTION
The battery is connected to the electrical cables.
Do not pull on the cables when removing it.
4
REMOVING COMPLETELY
♦ Disconnect, in this sequence, the negative cable (-)
and the positive cable (red) (+).
♦ Disconnect the bleeder pipe.
♦ Remove the battery from its housing and place it on a
flat surface in a cool, dry place.
WARNING
After removing the battery, store it in a safe place
well out of the reach of children.
CHECKING THE ELECTROLYTE LEVEL
Carefully read p. 74 (BATTERY).
Your vehicle is equipped with a sealed maintenance free
battery that does not require the check of the level
battery.
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RECHARGING THE BATTERY
Carefully read p. 74 (BATTERY).
WARNING
The vehicle comes supplied with a maintenance-free
sealed battery, therefore the liquid level must not be
checked.
This battery is completely sealed. Do not attempt to
remove the caps.
There is never any need to add water to this battery.
Attempting to remove the caps will destroy the
battery and could lead to injury through the spillage
of caustic electrolyte. Recharge the battery according to the table below.
♦ Remove the battery, see p. 75 (REMOVING THE
BATTERY).
WARNING
The battery gives off noxious and explo-sive gases;
keep it away from flames, sparks, cigarettes and any
other source of heat.
During recharging or use, make sure that the room is
properly ventilated and avoid inhaling the gases
released during the recharging.
♦ Connect the battery charger to the battery.
♦ Charge the battery using a battery charger with current
capacity of no greater than 1/10th the capacity of the
battery, see p. 8 (TECHNICAL DATA).
♦ Switch on the battery charger.
WARNING
Wait for 5 or 10 minutes after you have finished
charging the battery before re-installing it, the
battery continues to produce gas for a short period
of time after the charger is removed.
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INSTALLING THE BATTERY
Carefully read p. 74 (BATTERY).
♦ Make sure that the ignition switch is set to “ ” (OFF).
♦ Position the battery in its housing.
♦ Connect up the battery bleeder pipe.
2
CAUTION
Always connect the battery bleeder pipe, to prevent
any sulfuric acid fumes produced by the battery
from corroding the electrical system, paintwork,
rubber elements or gaskets.
The bleeder pipe must be connected in such a way
that it is not crushed, otherwise this might cause an
increase in pressure inside the battery, which may
damage it.
♦ First connect up the positive cable (red) (+) and then
the negative one (-).
♦ Coat the terminals and clamps with special grease or
Vaseline.
4
CAUTION
When reassembling, the electrical cables must be
fed into a position in which they are not crushed in
any way.
1
The negative cable (–) must not cross the positive
terminal (+), but must be positioned to the side,
between the battery and the holder.
♦ Push the battery into the battery holder.
♦ Close the battery cover (2).
♦ Lower the saddle.
CHANGING FUSES
CAUTION
Do not repair faulty fuses.
Use only recommended fuses.
Using fuses of an improper capacity can cause
damage to the electrical system or an electrical fire,
which could result in total destruction of your vehicle
as well as injury to you.
NOTE If a fuse blows frequently, there probably is a
short circuit or an overload in the electrical system. If this
occurs, take the vehicle to your Local aprilia Dealer.
If an electric component does not work or works irregularly, or if the vehicle fails to start, it is necessary to check
the fuse (1).
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To check the fuse:
♦ Turn the ignition switch in the “ ” (OFF) position.
♦ Remove the inspection cover, see p. 22 (REMOVING
THE INSPECTION COVER).
♦ Remove the fuse (1) and inspect the filament (3). If it is
open, the fuse must be replaced.
♦ Replace the blown fuse with the spare fuse (4), or with
a new fuse having the same amperage rating.
1
WARNING
If you replace the fuse and it blows again immediately, there is a serious problem with the electrical
system of your vehicle. Do not attempt to continue
using your vehicle. Take it to your Local aprilia
Dealer for repair and service.
NOTE If you use the spare fuse (4), replace it as soon
as convenient.
FUSE CIRCUIT
A 7.5 amp fuse protects all of the electrical loads except
the lighting circuit, which is fed with alternating current
directly from the alternator.
3
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ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
CONTENTS
Recharge and general power supply circuit
Recharge and general power supply circuit
Injection power
Injection diagram
.............. 80
100
..... 81
.......................................................... 82
....................................................... 83
Stoplight circuit and starter circuit ..................................... 87
Direction indicator circuit and horn circuit
Direction indicator circuit and horn circuit
Lighting circuit
Lighting circuit
................. 89
100
......... 90
........................................................... 91
100
................................................... 92
Dashboard lights circuit ..................................................... 93
Wiring diagrams - Scarabeo
..................................... 96
Wiring diagrams - Scarabeo
..................................... 98
Wiring diagrams - Scarabeo
100
................................... 100
Arrangement of the components ..................................... 102
Arrangement and fastening of cables and wiring ............ 104
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RECHARGE AND GENERAL POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT
WIRING DIAGRAM
INJECTION RELAY
7,5 A
G
Ar
ELECTRICAL FUNCTIONS
UNDER D.C.
V
Ar/Bi
13
LIGHTS
R/N
R/N
Ar
B
INJECTION
V/R
Ar
Ar
19
29
10 A
13
18
14
Arrangement of the components: see p. 96 - 97.
13) Fuses
14) Battery
18) Voltage regulator
19) Generator
29) Key switch
battery and fuse.
– Check the battery (see below).
– Check the generator (see below).
– Check the ignition switch (see p. 96) and its connections.
D.IF THE SYSTEM FUNCTIONS IRREGULARLY
– Check the earth connections.
TECHNICAL DATA
Generator ............................................................... 140W
Voltage regulator ................................................ 12 V a.c.
Battery ................................................. 4 Ah - 12V sealed
Fuse ......................................................................... 10 A
CHECKING THE CHARGING SYSTEM
– Start the engine.
– Using the voltmeter function of the multimeter, connect
the positive lead to the positive terminal of the battery,
and the negative lead to the negative terminal of the
battery.
– At 6000 rpm voltage must be included between 13.5
and 15 V.
TROUBLESHOOTING
A.INSUFFICIENT RECHARGE VOLTAGE
– Check the fuse and, if necessary, replace it.
– Check the cable connections on regulator, flywheel,
battery and fuse.
– Check the battery (see below).
– Check the generator (see below).
TEST DATA
GENERATOR
– Disconnect the two-way connector from the generator.
– Start the engine and bring it to 6000 rpm.
– Using the alternating current function of the multimeter, measure the voltage between:
• orange cable and generator earth = value over 41.2
V.
• yellow cable and generator earth = value over 35V.
– Using the alternating current ammeter function of the
multimeter, measure the current between:
• orange cable and generator earth = value 8 - 10 A.
• yellow cable and generator earth = value 8 -10 A.
BATTERY
– No-load voltage 12.5 ± 1V.
– Make sure that there are no signs of sulphation.
Replace if necessary.
B.EXCESSIVE RECHARGE VOLTAGE
– Check the voltage regulator.
– Check the cable connections.
C.IF NO VOLTAGE REACHES THE LOADS UNDER
DIRECT CURRENT (green/red cables)
– Check the fuse and if necessary replace it.
– Check the ground connections on regulator, flywheel,
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RECHARGE AND GENERAL POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT
100
WIRING DIAGRAM
38
37
N
R
N
54 3 2 1
7.5 A
G/Bi
V/R
G/Bi
Ar
19
5
1
6
100
Arrangement of the components: see p. 98-99-100-101
1) Generator
5) Voltage regulator
6) Battery
19) Steering lock
37) Fuse
battery and fuse.
– Check the battery (see below).
– Check the generator (see below).
– Check the ignition switch (see p. 98-100) and its
connections.
D.IF THE SYSTEM FUNCTIONS IRREGULARLY
– Check the earth connections.
TECHNICAL DATA
Generator ...................................................... 13V - 120W
Battery ............................................................. 9 Ah - 12V
Fuse ........................................................................ 7.5 A
CHECKING THE CHARGING SYSTEM
– Start the engine.
– Using the voltmeter function of the multimeter, connect
the positive lead to the positive terminal of the battery,
and the negative lead to the negative terminal of the
battery.
– At 6000 rpm voltage must be included between 13.5
and 15 V.
TROUBLESHOOTING
A.INSUFFICIENT RECHARGE VOLTAGE
– Check the fuse and, if necessary, replace it.
– Check the cable connections on regulator, flywheel,
battery and fuse.
– Check the battery (see below).
– Check the generator (see below).
B.EXCESSIVE RECHARGE VOLTAGE
– Check the voltage regulator.
– Check the cable connections.
TEST DATA
GENERATOR
– Disconnect the two-way connector from the generator.
– Start the engine and bring it to 6000 rpm.
– Using the alternating current function of the multimeter, measure the voltage between:
• orange cable and generator earth = value over 41.2
V.
• yellow cable and generator earth = value over 35V.
– Using the alternating current ammeter function of the
multimeter, measure the current between:
• orange cable and generator earth = value 8 - 10 A.
• yellow cable and generator earth = value 8 -10 A.
BATTERY
– No-load voltage 12.5 ± 1V.
– Electrolyte density 1.26 at 20 °C.
– Check the electrolyte level and if necessary top up
with distilled water.
– Make sure that there are no signs of sulphation.
Replace if necessary.
C.IF NO VOLTAGE REACHES THE LOADS UNDER
DIRECT CURRENT (green/red cables)
– Check the fuse and if necessary replace it.
– Check the ground connections on regulator, flywheel,
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INJECTION POWER
WIRING DIAGRAM
29
R/N
R/B
AR
R/M
INJECTION
(CHECK)
INJECTION
(POWER)
10 A
13
17
14
Arrangement of the components: see p. 96-97
13) Fuses
14) Battery
17) Injection relay
29) Key switch
TROUBLESHOOTING
– Check the condition of the 10A fuse.
– Check the efficiency of the key (see switches section).
– Check the efficiency of the injection relay switch.
5
CHECKING THE INJECTION RELAY
To check the efficiency of the relay switch:
– Disconnect the (white) 4-way connector (4) of the relay
(5).
CAUTION
Upon reassembly, make sure that the electric connector (4) is correctly coupled.
– Energize (12V) the two internal male terminals (1 - 2).
– Using an ohmmeter-tester, check the continuity between the other two terminals (3 - 5).
Correct value with relay energized: 0 Ω
Correct value with relay not energized: ∞ Ω
If the values do not correspond to those given above,
replace the relay switch.
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INJECTION DIAGRAM
WIRING DIAGRAM
R/M
FROM
INJECTION RELAY
R/B
17
R/M
11
Bi/Vi
15
14
R/B
V
P
10
P
7
12
R/B
2
M
R/M
9
Bi/R
13
R/B
4
12
N
R/M
8
G/R
3
2
9
16
Bl/G
5
Bi/G
19
Ro
18
Ar/N
B
Ar
M/G
1
V/R
20
M/G
21
Ro
10
7.5A FUSE
6
Ro
20
8
3
V/R
7
Bi
4
G
Arrangement of the components: see p. 96-97
2) CDI
3) Serial connection
4) Throttle sensor
5) Pick-up
6) Temperature sensor
7) Oil pump
8) Fuel injector
9) Air injector
10) Fuel pump
11) H.T. coil
12) Spark plug
20) Pressure sensor (not fitted as standard)
34) Injection check warning light
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TROUBLESHOOTING
– Check the efficiency of the spark plug cap.
– Using an ohmmeter-tester, check the coil primary and
secondary values:
between the two terminals for the connector 0.7 kΩ ± 20%
between the HT cable and the coil casing 7.1 kΩ ± 20%
NOTE Before taking this reading, disconnect the spark
plug cap.
CHECKING THE AIR INJECTOR
– Using an ohmmeter-tester, check the resistance
values between the two terminals from the injector
side (1).
1
Correct value: 1.3 Ω
CHECKING THE FUEL INJECTOR
– Using an ohmmeter-tester, check the resistance
values between the two terminals from the injector
side (1).
Correct value: 1.8 Ω
1
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CHECKING THE PICK-UP
– Using an ohmmeter-tester, check the resistance
values between the two terminals from the pick-up
side.
Correct value: 385 Ω ± 20%
CHECKING THE FUEL PUMP
– Energize the pump (12VDC), taking care to respect
polarity, and check that the resulting fuel flow is
sufficient.
CHECKING THE OIL PUMP
– Using an ohmmeter-tester, check the resistance
values between the two terminals from the pump side.
Correct value: 26.5 Ω ± 20%
CHECKING THE THROTTLE SENSOR
– Using an ohmmeter-tester, check the resistance
values between the various terminals from the sensor
side, after first disconnecting the connector:
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– With throttle CLOSED.
1.75 kΩ
1.75 kΩ
Ω
Ω
Ω
1 kΩ
Ω
1 kΩ
– With throttle OPEN.
1 kΩ
1 kΩ
CHECKING THE ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE
SENSOR
– Special equipment is required to check this element.
Try replacing the sensor with a new and operational
one.
CHECKING THE TEMPERATURE SENSOR
– Disconnect the connector and use an ohmmeter to
measure the resistance between the two terminals
from the sensor side.
at 25° C = 11.150 kΩ ± 10%
at 100° C = 800 Ω ± 10%
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Ω
Ω
Ω
1.75 kΩ
Ω
1.75 kΩ
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
STOPLIGHT CIRCUIT AND STARTER CIRCUIT
WIRING DIAGRAM
28
G/R
R
N
15
21
POSITIVE UNDER KEY
R/N
85
30
86
87
24
22
14
R
R/N
M
Arrangement of the components: see p. 96-97
14) Battery
15) Start relay
16) Starter motor
21) Front brake stoplight switch
22) Rear brake stoplight switch
24) Rear parking light / stoplight bulb
28) Starter switch
16
– Check the front stoplight switch (see below).
– Check the rear stoplight switch (see below).
TEST DATA
FRONT AND REAR STOPLIGHT SWITCH
TECHNICAL DATA
Rear parking light / stoplight bulb .................. 12 V-5/21W
– Disconnect the switch cables.
– Put on the brake and, using an ohmmeter-tester, check
the resistance between the two cables on the connector:
Normal value with pulled brake: 0 Ω.
Normal value with released brake: infinite resistance.
– Checking the starter switch (see switches section).
TROUBLESHOOTING
A. STOPLIGHT ALWAYS ON
– Check the rear light connections.
– Check the front stoplight switch (see below).
– Check the rear stoplight switch (see below).
B. STOPLIGHT DOESN’T COME ON
– Check the bulb and the bulb socket.
– Check the cable connections.
– Check the general power supply circuit.
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CHECKING THE START RELAY
To check the efficiency of the relay switch:
– Energize (12 V) the two male terminals (85 - 86).
– Using an ohmmeter-tester, check the continuity between the other two terminals (87 - 30).
Correct value with relay energized: 0 Ω
Correct value with relay not energized: ∞ Ω
20 - 25 A
CHECKING THE STARTER MOTOR
A
Directly energize the starter motor (12 VDC).
The starter motor should start up and cause the engine
to run, absorbing a current of 20 - 25 A.
If the starter motor does not start up, check and if
necessary, replace the brushes.
AMMETER
12 V
VOLTMETER
V
M
STARTER
MOTOR
BATTERY
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DIRECTION INDICATOR CIRCUIT AND HORN CIRCUIT
WIRING DIAGRAM
31
Gr
B
30
32
31
43
25
36
41
23
POSITIVE UNDER KEY
Arrangement of the components: see p. 96-97
23) Rear left direction indicator
25) Rear right direction indicator
30) Flasher
31) Horn push button
32) Horn
36) Direction indicator warning light
41) Front left direction indicator
43) Front right direction indicator
TECHNICAL DATA
TECHNICAL DATA
Direction indicator bulbs ................ 12 V - 10 W B.A. 15 S
Flasher .......................................................... 12 V - 22 W
Direction indicator warning light
bulb-”all-glass” ............................... 12 V - 3 W - W2x4.6 d
Horn ................................................................... 12 V d.c.
TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLESHOOTING
A. DIRECTION INDICATORS DON’T WORK
– Check the bulbs.
– Check the cable connections.
– Check the direction indicator switch
(left dimmer switch).
– Check the main power supply circuit.
– Replace the flasher.
A. HORN DOES NOT SOUND OR IS IRREGULAR
– Check the battery.
– Check the cable connections.
– Check the horn push button.
– Check the horn.
B. DIRECTION INDICATORS DON’T FLASH, BUT ARE
ALWAYS ON
– Check the technical data of the bulbs.
– Check the battery.
– Replace the flasher.
B. HORN KEEPS SOUNDING
– Check the cable connections.
– Check the horn push button.
TEST DATA
HORN
– Disconnect the horn and power it directly with a 12 V
battery.
– If necessary, adjust the horn adjuster in and out until a
satisfactory note is obtained.
TEST DATA
DIRECTION INDICATOR SWITCH
– Check the bulb efficiency.
– Disconnect the left dimmer switch connector.
– Using the ohmmeter function of the multimeter, check
the continuity among the cables in the various positions,
according to the connections, see (WIRING DIAGRAM).
HORN PUSH BUTTON
– Disconnect the left dimmer switch connector.
– Using the ohmmeter function of the multimeter, check
the continuity between the contacts in the “pressed” and
“released” positions, see (WIRING DIAGRAM).
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DIRECTION INDICATOR CIRCUIT AND HORN CIRCUIT
100
WIRING DIAGRAM
18
Gr
5
B
35
1 2 3 4 5
18
31
14
30
32
16
POSITIVE UNDER KEY
100
Arrangement of the components: see p. 98-99-100-101
5) Voltage regulator
14) Rear right direction indicator
16) Rear left direction indicator
18) Left dimmer switch
31) Front right direction indicator
32) Front left direction indicator
35) Horn
TECHNICAL DATA
TECHNICAL DATA
Direction indicator bulbs ................ 12 V - 10 W B.A. 15 S
Flasher .......................................................... 12 V - 22 W
Direction indicator warning light
bulb-”all-glass” ............................... 12 V - 3 W - W2x4.6 d
Horn ................................................................... 12 V d.c.
TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLESHOOTING
A. DIRECTION INDICATORS DON’T WORK
– Check the bulbs.
– Check the cable connections.
– Check the direction indicator switch
(left dimmer switch).
– Check the main power supply circuit.
– Replace the flasher.
A. HORN DOES NOT SOUND OR IS IRREGULAR
– Check the battery.
– Check the cable connections.
– Check the horn push button.
– Check the horn.
B. DIRECTION INDICATORS DON’T FLASH, BUT ARE
ALWAYS ON
– Check the technical data of the bulbs.
– Check the battery.
– Replace the flasher.
B. HORN KEEPS SOUNDING
– Check the cable connections.
– Check the horn push button.
TEST DATA
HORN
TEST DATA
DIRECTION INDICATOR SWITCH
– Check the bulb efficiency.
– Disconnect the left dimmer switch connector.
– Using the ohmmeter function of the multimeter, check
the continuity among the cables in the various positions,
according to the connections, see (WIRING DIAGRAM).
90
Release 00
– Disconnect the horn and power it directly with a 12V
battery.
– If necessary, adjust the horn adjuster in and out until a
satisfactory note is obtained.
HORN PUSH BUTTON
– Disconnect the left dimmer switch connector.
– Using the ohmmeter function of the multimeter, check
the continuity between the contacts in the “pressed” and
“released” positions, see (WIRING DIAGRAM).
2003-02
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
LIGHTING CIRCUIT
WIRING DIAGRAM
31
GENERATOR
TO THE KEY SWITCH
AND FUSE
AND INJECTION RELAY
44
24
38
42
37
18
Arrangement of the components: see p. 96 - 97
18) Voltage regulator
24) Rear parking light/stoplight bulb
31) Left dimmer switch
37) High beam warning light
38) Dashboard light
42) High/low beam bulb
44) License plate lamp
TECHNICAL DATA
Low/high beam bulb .................................. 12V - 35/35 W
Rear parking light/stoplight bulb ................... 12V- 5/21 W
Dashboard bulbs “all-glass” .......... 12V-1.2 W - W2x4.6 d
High beam warning
light “all-glass” .................................. 12V-1.2W W2x4.6 d
License plate light bulb........................................ 12V-5W
TROUBLESHOOTING
A. ONE BULB DOESN’T WORK
– Check the bulb.
– Make sure that there is voltage on the bulb socket
terminals.
– Check the harness connections.
B. NO BULB WORKS
– Check the voltage regulator.
– Check the generator.
C. BULBS CUT OUT FREQUENTLY
– Make sure that the lights do not vibrate excessively
and do not get in contact with the parts of the vehicle
which aren’t elastically supported.
– Check the cable connections.
– Check the voltage regulator.
TEST DATA
VOLTAGE REGULATOR
Change the voltage regulator with a new one.
Release 00
2003-02
91
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
LIGHTING CIRCUIT
100
WIRING DIAGRAM
18
18
Bi
Bi
V
G/N
N
54 3 2 1
54 3 2 1
5
17
5
V/R
V
N
V/R
G
V
G
OFF
V/R
V/R
ON
OFF
LOCK
25
29
25
ON
OFF
LOCK
29
19
26
7.5 A
7.5 A
Ar
Ar
19
15
N
R
R
N
34
33
15
12
34
26
6
6
100
Arrangement of the components: see p. 98-99-100-101
5) Voltage regulator
6) Battery
12) License plate lamp 100
15) Rear parking light/stoplight bulb
17) Right dimmer switch
18) Left dimmer switch
19) Key switch
25) Low beam warning light
26) Dashboard light
29) High beam warning light
34) High/low beam bulb (35/35W)
– Check the generator.
C. BULBS CUT OUT FREQUENTLY
– Make sure that the lights do not vibrate excessively
and do not get in contact with the parts of the vehicle
which aren’t elastically supported.
– Check the cable connections.
– Check the voltage regulator.
TEST DATA
VOLTAGE REGULATOR
Change the voltage regulator with a new one.
TECHNICAL DATA
Battery ............................................................. 12V - 9 Ah
License plate light bulb ................................ 12V- 5W 100
Rear parking light/stoplight bulb ................... 12V- 5/21 W
Lights switch .............................. OFF / Parking / Low 100
Dimmer switch ................................................. Low / High
High beam warning light ................................ 12V - 1.2 W
Dashboard light bulbs ................................... 12V - 1.2 W
Low/high beam bulb .................................. 12V - 35/35 W
TROUBLESHOOTING
A. ONE BULB DOESN’T WORK
– Check the bulb.
– Make sure that there is voltage on the bulb socket
terminals.
– Check the harness connections.
B. NO BULB WORKS
– Check the voltage regulator.
92
Release 00
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Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
DASHBOARD LIGHT CIRCUIT
WIRING DIAGRAM
35
33
POSITIVE
UNDER KEY
V/R
39
26
Vi
Bl
27
STARTER
BUTTON
G/R
Arrangement of the components: see p. 96-97
26) Oil level switch
27)
33)
35)
39)
Control diode
Fuel level sensor
Fuel level device
Mixer oil level warning light
Release 00
2003-02
93
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
FUEL LEVEL INDICATOR
TROUBLESHOOTING
A. INSTRUMENT ALWAYS INDICATES O EVEN WITH
FULL TANK
– Make sure that there is voltage between the green/red
and the blue cable of the instrument.
– Check the cable connections.
– Make sure that the gray/green cable isn’t open between the instrument and the sensor.
– Check the instrument.
– Check the sensor.
B. INSTRUMENT ALWAYS INDICATES “FULL” EVEN
WITH EMPTY TANK
– Make sure that the gray/green cable is not grounded.
– Check the instrument.
– Check the sensor.
TEST DATA
INSTRUMENT
– Disconnect the two-way connector of the sensor.
– Connect a 5 Ω ± 10% - 2 W resistance between the
gray/green and the blue cable on the main system
side.
– If the battery has 13 V ± 0.5 V, the instrument should
read “4/4”.
– Connect a 100 Ω - 2 W resistance between the gray/
green and the blue cable on the main system side.
– If the battery has 13.5 V ± 0.5 V, the instrument
should read “0”.
SENSOR
– Make sure that on the two-way connector the entering
and exiting cables have the same colours.
– Remove the sensor from the tank.
– Disconnect the two-way connector of the sensor and
carry out the following measurements on the sensor
side.
– Using the ohmmeter function of the multimeter,
measure the following resistances:
• With sensor in vertical position:
between gray/green and blue cable, correct value
≥ 90 Ω.
• With sensor inverted:
between gray/green and blue cable, correct value
10 ≤ Ω.
TECHNICAL DATA
“All-glass” 2 stroke oil reserve
warning light bulb ......................... 12 V - 1.2W, W2x4.6 d
94
Release 00
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Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
2 STROKE OIL RESERVE WARNING LIGHT
The 2 stroke oil reserve warning light comes on every
time the engine is started, to make sure that the bulb
functions correctly.
TROUBLESHOOTING
A. WARNING LIGHT DOESN’T COME ON WHEN OIL
LEVEL IS INSUFFICIENT
– Check the bulb.
– Make sure that there is voltage on the green/red cable
of the 2 stroke oil level sensor.
– Check the cable connections.
– Check the 2 stroke oil level sensor.
B. WARNING LIGHT REMAINS ON EVEN IF OIL
LEVEL IS SUFFICIENT
– Check the cable connections.
– Check the 2 stroke oil level sensor.
CONTROL DATA
CHECKING THE 2 STROKE OIL LEVEL SENSOR
– Disconnect the cables which connect it to the system
and remove it from the tank.
– Using the ohmmeter function of the multimeter, attach
the multimeter leads to the sensor cables.
– When the sensor is in the vertical position, it should
show a short circuit, that is, less than 0.1 Ω.
– In the reverse position, it should show an open, that is,
infinite resistance.
CONTROL DIODE
– Disconnect it from the system.
– Using the diode testing function of the multimeter,
connect it as shown in the figure.
Correct value (measure A): 0 - 1
Correct value (measure B): ∞
If the tester does not include the diode test function, use
a 12V battery and a 12V - 2W bulb, connecting the diode
as indicated in the figure.
WARNING
Do not use bulbs over 2W, since the diode may be
damaged.
Test (C): the bulb does not light up.
Test (D): the bulb lights up.
Release 00
2003-02
95
43
41
N
Bi
B
B
N
N
B
1
1
B
R
Az
B
2
1
21
22
B
1
M
2
G/R
3
N
4
5
6
G
7
8
V/R
9
Bi
10
11
12 Bi/Vi
13 Bi/R
V
14
R/M
15
Ro
16
R/N
17
M/G
18
Bi/G
19
B/G
20
Ar/N
Vi
G
B
Vi
G
B
Vi
B
G
B
B
Bi
Az
R
Bi
Az
R
V/R
Gr/V
3
B
Ar/N
V/R
Bi
Az
R
V/R
Gr/V
C
V/R
B
Gr/V
-
1
34
N
R/N
4
M/G
Ro
Bi
G
+
1
1
5
Ro
V/R
6
32
7
1
8
G/R
R/M
37 36
V/R
Gr
M
R/N
31
Gr
B
N
Bi
G
B/N
Az
R
9
Bi/Vi
R/M
Gr
B
N
Bi
G
B/N
Az
R
Bi/R
R/M
11
10
P
30
L
B
B/N
V/R
39
12
1
ON
OFF
LOCK
13
29
14
R
N
3
1
R
15
1
5
12
28
V
G
G/R
V/R
M
16
M
N
V
G
G/R
V/G
Ro
33
1
1
26
R/N
V/G
BLUE
GREEN
18
21 22
VIEW FROM SIDE
REGULATOR CONNECTION
ORANGE WHITE
ORANGE
17
27
G/R
Vi
35
B
R/N
R/M
Ar
Gr/V
B
Gr/V
B
B/G
Bi/G
B
Bi
R/N
V/G
38
V
R/N
V/R
Vi
Ar
Ar/Bi
B
V
Ar
V/R
Ar
R/N
R/N
V/R
Ar
7.5 A
10 A
R
G/R
B
R
R
2003-02
V
Ar/Bi
G
Ar
Release 00
19
1
Az
V/G
G
B
R
1
Az
V/G
G
B
R
Ro
96
Ro
40
20
25
23
24
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
WIRING DIAGRAM - SCARABEO 50
B
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
Wiring diagram key
CABLE COLOURS
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)
18)
19)
20)
21)
22)
23)
24)
25)
26)
27)
28)
29)
30)
31)
32)
33)
34)
35)
36)
37)
38)
39)
40)
41)
42)
43)
44)
Ar
Az
B
Bi
G
Gr
M
N
R
V
Vi
Ro
Multiple connectors
CDI
Serial connection
Throttle sensor
Pick-up
Temperature sensor
Oil pump
Fuel injector
Air injector
Fuel pump
H.T. coil
Spark plug
Fuses
Battery
Start relay
Starter motor
Injection relay
Voltage regulator
Generator
Pressure sensor (not fitted as standard)
Front brake stoplight switch
Rear brake stoplight switch
Rear left direction indicator
Rear parking light / stoplight bulb
Rear right direction indicator
Oil level switch
Control diode
Right dimmer switch
Key switch
Flasher
Left dimmer switch
Horn
Fuel level sensor
Injection check warning light
Fuel level device
Direction indicator warning light
High beam warning light
Dashboard light
Oil level warning light
Dashboard
Front left direction indicator
High/low beam bulb (35/35W)
Front right direction indicator
License plate lamp
orange
light blue
blue
white
yellow
gray
brown
black
red
green
violet
pink
Release 00
2003-02
97
Release 00
2003-02
34
31
32
Bi
N
B
B
N
N
B
38
38
B
R
Az
B
35
23
V/R
Gr
1
38
36
+
N
G
B
N
G
B
M
N
B
G
B
B
Bi
Az
R
C
38
30 27
Bi
Bi
29
Az
Az
V/R
B
Gr/V
26
G/Bi
R
V/R
Gr/V
R
V/R
Gr/V
25
N
M
98
3
2
2 1 3 4
M
B
Bi/R
G/Bi
38
V/R
Gr
G/Bi
G
B
R
Bi/R
Gr/V
Bi
N
Az
ON
OFF
LOCK
5
54 3 2 1
B/N
G/Bi
V/R
B
V
V/R
Ar
B
V
B
V/R
Ar
B
Bi/R
Bi/R
39
40
Gr
Bi
38
Gr
19
N
N
Gr
B
G
Bi
N
B/N
Az
R
Gr
B
V
Bi
N
B/N
Az
R
R
Ar
7.5 A
R
6
37
N
R
8
B
G/R
R
7
M
10
9
38
V/R
V/G
18
V/R
V/G
Gr/V
B
Gr/V
B
13
38
G/R
V/R
17
G/R
V/G
Az
V/G
G
B
R
38
38
Az
V/G
G
B
R
14
16
15
WIRING DIAGRAM - SCARABEO
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
Wiring diagram key
CABLE COLOURS
1)
2)
3)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)
18)
19)
23)
25)
26)
27)
29)
30)
31)
32)
34)
35)
36)
37)
38)
39)
40)
Ar
Az
B
Bi
G
Gr
M
N
R
V
Vi
Ro
Generator
Transducer
Spark plug
Voltage regulator
Battery
Starter motor
Start relay
Front stoplight switch
Rear stoplight switch
Fuel level sensor
Rear right direction indicator
Rear parking light / stoplight bulb
Rear left direction indicator
Right dimmer switch
Left dimmer switch
Key switch
Dashboard
Low beam warning light
Dashboard lights
Fuel level device
High beam warning light
Direction indicator warning light
Front right direction indicator
Front left direction indicator
High/low beam bulb (35/35W)
Horn
Pick up
Fuse
Multiple connectors
Resistor 2
Automatic starter
orange
light blue
blue
white
yellow
gray
brown
black
red
green
violet
pink
Release 00
2003-02
99
Release 00
2003-02
33
31
34
32
Bi
N
B
G
B
N
N
B
38
38
B
R
Bi
N
B
G
Az
B
35
23
V/R
Gr
1
36
+
C
38
30 27
38
29
N
G
B
N
G
B
M
N
B
G
B
B
Bi
Az
R
V/R
B
Gr/V
26
G/Bi
Bi
Az
R
V/R
Gr/V
Bi
Az
R
V/R
Gr/V
25
N
M
100
3
2
2 1 3 4
M
B
Bi/R
G/Bi
38
V/R
Gr
G/Bi
G
B
R
Bi/R
Gr/V
Bi
N
Az
ON
OFF
LOCK
5
54 3 2 1
V/R
Ar
B
V/R
Ar
B
19
B/N
G/Bi
V/R
B
V
40
38
G
V
V
B
Bi/R
Bi/R
38
R
Ar
7.5 A
R
6
37
N
8
R
R
R
7
M
Gr
B
G/N
Bi
N
B/N
Az
R
G/R
B
9
V/R
V/G
Gr
B
G/N
Bi
N
B/N
Az
R
10
38
V/R
V/G
38
Gr/V
B
Gr/V
B
G/N
V
G
G/R
V/G
13
38
G
G
G/N
V
G
G/R
V/R
M
17
B
B
12
38
38
Az
V/G
G
B
R
Az
V/G
G
B
R
14
16
15
WIRING DIAGRAM - SCARABEO
100
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
Wiring diagram key
100
1) Generator
2) Transducer
3) Spark plug
5) Voltage regulator
6) Battery
7) Starter motor
8) Start relay
9) Front stoplight switch
10) Rear stoplight switch
12) License plate lamp
13) Fuel level sensor
14) Rear right direction indicator
15) Rear parking light / stoplight bulb
16) Rear left direction indicator
17) Right dimmer switch
18) Left dimmer switch
19) Key switch
23) Dashboard
25) Low beam warning light
26) Dashboard lights
27) Fuel level device
29) High beam warning light
30) Direction indicator warning light
31) Front right direction indicator
32) Front left direction indicator
33) Parking light bulb
34) Low/high beam bulb (35/35W)
35) Horn
36) Pick up
37) Fuse
38) Multiple connectors
40) Automatic starter
CABLE COLOURS
Ar
Az
B
Bi
G
Gr
M
N
R
V
Vi
Ro
orange
light blue
blue
white
yellow
gray
brown
black
red
green
violet
pink
Release 00
2003-02
101
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
ARRANGEMENT OF THE COMPONENTS
42
41
22
31
26
24
23
32
44
3
17
20
13
18
12
KEY
3)
12)
13)
14)
17)
18)
20)
22)
23)
24)
26)
31)
32)
41)
42)
44)
Serial connection
Spark plug
Fuses
Battery
Injection relay
Voltage regulator
Pressure sensor (not fitted as standard)
Rear brake stoplight switch
Rear left direction indicator
Rear parking/brake lamp
Oil level switch
Left dimmer switch
Horn
Front left direction indicator
High/low beam bulb (35/35W)
License plate lamp 100
102
Release 00
2003-02
14
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
33
29
28
40
21
43
27
25
30
2
15
11
7
4
19
5
16
10
9
8
KEY
2)
4)
5)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
15)
16)
19)
21)
25)
27)
28)
29)
30)
33)
40)
43)
C.D.I.
Throttle sensor
Pick-up
Oil pump
Fuel injector
Air injector
Fuel pump
H.T. coil
Start relay
Starter motor
Generator
Front brake stoplight switch
Rear right direction indicator
Control diode
Right dimmer switch
Key switch
Flasher
Fuel level sensor
Dashboard
Front right direction indicator
Release 00
2003-02
103
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
ARRANGEMENT AND FASTENING OF CABLES AND WIRINGS
ARRANGEMENT OF CABLES AND WIRINGS
40
22
33
21
27
25
26
7
41
23
29
44
43
14
20
13
2
1
30
32
15
31
6
9
5
4
11
18
16
104
Release 00
2003-02
10
17
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
KEY
1)
2)
4)
5)
6)
7)
9)
10)
11)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)
18)
20)
21)
22)
23)
25)
26)
27)
29)
30)
31)
32)
33)
40)
41)
43)
44)
Multiple connectors
C.D.I.
Throttle sensor
Pick-up
Temperature sensor
Oil pump
Air injector
Fuel pump
HT coil
Fuses
Battery
Start relay
Starter motor
Injection relay
Voltage regulator
Pressure sensor (not fitted as standard)
Front brake stoplight switch
Rear brake stoplight switch
Rear left direction indicator
Rear right direction indicator
Oil level switch
Control diode
Key switch
Flasher
Left dimmer switch
Horn
Fuel level sensor
Dashboard
Front left direction indicator
Front right direction indicator
License plate light 100
Release 00
2003-02
105
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
FASTENING OF CABLES AND WIRINGS
A
BC
PQRST
U
O
DE
LMN
106
Release 00
FGHI
2003-02
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
Release 00
2003-02
107
Scarabeo 50 I.E.-50/100 4T
NOTES
108
Release 00
2003-02
aprilia s.p.a.
via G.Galilei, 1
30033 Noale (VE) Italy
tel. +39 041.5829111
fax +39 041.5829190
www.serviceaprilia.com