Electrolux ELITE 4230x/42 cc Technical data

Swift
Owner's Handbook
THE IDEAL COMBINATION
The pleasures of caravanning start
have a wide choice of motor finance
So, when it comes to caravanning or
with the caravan you choose and you
programmes, each designed to meet
just motoring, Chartered Trust can
can’t make a better choice than Swift.
the varied needs of the private or
provide the ideal combination.
business motorist.
Written quotations available on request.
The vehicle you use to tow your
caravan is also a crucial factor. Here
too Chartered Trust can help. We
24-26 Newport Road, Cardiff CF2 1SR
Telephone: (01222) 296863
Introduction
INTRODUCTION
DEAR OWNER,
THANK YOU FOR DECIDING TO BUY ONE
OF OUR NEW CARAVANS. WE ARE SURE
YOU WILL ENJOY MANY HAPPY HOURS
IN IT AND WE HOPE THE INFORMATION
AND HINTS IN THIS HANDBOOK WILL
HEIGHTEN YOUR ENJOYMENT.
THE HANDBOOK HAS BEEN DESIGNED
TO GIVE YOU A GENERAL GUIDE TO THE
CARE, USE AND MAINTENANCE OF YOUR
CARAVAN. WHETHER YOU ARE A NEW OR
AN EXPERIENCED CARAVANNER THE
HINTS WILL HELP TO PROTECT YOUR
INVESTMENT.
THE INFORMATION CONTAINED WILL
ANSWER MOST OF YOUR QUERIES, BUT
IF THERE ARE ANY ASPECTS WHICH ARE
NOT COVERED PLEASE CONSULT YOUR
APPOINTED DEALER.
HAPPY CARAVANNING!
The Towing Code
Safety and Security
Services
Electrical Equipment
Fitted Equipment
Maintenance
CONTENTS
General Data
THE
TOWING
CODE
The Caravan Towing Code ...................................................... 2
Scope of the Code ................................................................. 2
Caravan Terms .......................................................................... 2
Weights .................................................................................. 2
Towing Vehicle Terms .............................................................. 3
Weights .................................................................................. 3
Measurement of Noseweight .................................................. 4
Type of Driving Licence Held ....................................................4
Glossary & Checklist ................................................................ 4
Preparing for the Road ............................................................ 6
Checklist ................................................................................ 6
Loading & Distribution ........................................................... 7
Stability .................................................................................. 8
Pre-tow Checklist ................................................................. 10
Pulling Off ............................................................................... 13
Reversing ................................................................................ 13
Speed Limits ........................................................................... 13
Caravan Handling ................................................................... 13
Motorway Driving ................................................................... 13
Changing a Wheel .................................................................. 13
Jacking Points ........................................................................ 14
Stopping on a Hill ................................................................... 14
Arrival on Site ......................................................................... 15
The Towing Code
THE CARAVAN TOWING CODE
This Code of Practice contains
recommendations jointly reviewed and
agreed by the following organisations:
The
The
The
The
The
National Caravan Council
Caravan Club
Camping and Caravanning Club
Caravan Writers Guild
Department of Transport
Scope of the Code
The Code applies to all trailer caravans of
maximum laden weight not exceeding
3500 kg (7,700 lbs), overall width not
exceeding 2.3m (7ft 6in approximately) and
overall length not exceeding 7m (23ft
approximately), excluding the drawbar and
coupling.
This is legally the maximum size of trailer
that can be towed by a motor vehicle with a
maximum gross weight of less than 3500 kg.
CARAVAN TERMS
Mass in Running Order:
The mass of the caravan as stated by the
caravan manufacturer, as new with standard
fixtures and fittings.
Note: Because of differences in the weight
of materials supplied for the construction of
caravans, a tolerance of +3% of the weight
has been allowed in the Mass in Running
Order weight.
2
User Payload:
The maximum allowable weight to be put
into the caravan whilst it is being towed. This
is made up of 3 sections:
Personal effects, optional equipment and
essential habitation equipment.
The user payload is the difference between
the Maximum Technically Permissible Laden
Mass and the Mass in Running Order.
Essential Habitation Equipment:
Those items and fluids required for safe and
proper functioning of the equipment for
habitation as defined by manufacturer of the
caravan.
Personal Effects:
Those items which a user can choose to
carry in a caravan and which are not
included as Essential Habitation Equipment
or Optional equipment.
Optional Equipment
Items made available by the manufacturer
over and above the standard specification of
the caravan.
Maximum Technically Permissible Laden
Mass:
The maximum weight for which the caravan
is designed for normal use when being
towed on a road, laden. This should not be
exceeded. This mass takes into account
specific operating conditions including
factors such as the strength of materials,
loading capacity of tyres etc.
Nose weight:
That part of the static mass of the caravan
supported by the towing device on the rear
of the towing vehicle.
Notes:
(i) When measuring the noseweight it is
important that the caravan is fully
loaded. Do not place extra items
indiscriminately into the caravan after
this adjustment has been made.
(ii) The caravan is intended to be towed
slightly nose heavy. The nose weight
can be adjusted by distribution of the
load within the caravan. The nose
weight should be approximately 7% of
the actual laden weight (but not greater
than the hitch capacity) and at the same
time suit the towing vehicle. See section
on Measurement of Nose Weight.
(iii) It is not recommended that you tow with
just a battery, spare wheel and gas
bottles as this may exceed the the
permitted nose weight. Additional
payload must be placed behind the axle
to compensate for this or consider
repositioning the wheel to a underfloor
carrier.
The Towing Code
TOWING VEHICLE TERMS
Kerb weight (Mass of Vehicle in Running
Order):
The weight of the towing vehicle as defined
by the vehicle manufacturer. This is normally
with a full tank of fuel, with an adequate
supply of liquids incidental to the vehicles
propulsion, without driver or passengers,
wihout any load except loose tools and
equipment with which the vehicle is normally
provided and without any towing bracket.
Caravan to Towing Vehicle Weight Ratio:
The towing vehicle to caravan weight ratio
can be determined by calculation and is
equal to:
actual laden weight of caravan
Kerb weight of towing vehicle
x 100%
THE LAW REQUIRES THAT CARAVANS &
THEIR TOWING VEHICLES & THE LOADS
THEY CARRY MUST BE IN SUCH A
CONDITION THAT NO DANGER OR
NUISANCE IS CAUSED.
(Regulation 100 of the Road and Vehicles
[Construction and Use] Regulations 1986).
YES
NO
85%
MAYBE
EQUAL
Fig. A Car/Caravan Weight Ratios
caravan weighing around 85% of the
kerb weight of the towing vehicle.
Note: Weighbridges have varying weight
tolerance levels.
(b) Above 1500 cc such engines should
manage a caravan weighing up to 100%
of the kerb weight of the towing vehicle
and still give adequate performance.
Maximum Permissible Towing Mass:
The weight defined by the vehicle
manufacturer as being the maximum that
the vehicle is designed to tow.
Note: The towing vehicle manufacturer’s limit
is, in some cases, less than the kerb weight.
Train Weight (Combination Weight):
The maximum combined weight of the
towing vehicle and trailer conbination as
specified by the towing vehicle manufacturer.
Power to weight ratio:
No hard and fast rules can be stated but,
here is a general guide.
Vehicles with automatic transmission may
need an oil cooler fitting or the SAE rating of
the gearbox oil increasing when towing. The
advice of the vehicle manufacturer should be
sought.
(a) Conventional petrol engines with a
capacity up to approximately 1500 cc
should be adequate for towing a
Mass in Running Order:
Caravanners can use a public weighbridge to
establish the mass in running order.
3
The Towing Code
lower jockey wheel before entering the
caravan and then raise before measuring
again. (See Loading).
Note: The height of the towball on the
towing vehicle, when laden, is also critical.
TYPE OF DRIVING LICENCE
HELD
Fig. A Measuring Noseweight
MEASUREMENT OF NOSEWEIGHT
Noseweight may be measured using a
propriety brand of noseweight indicator.
Such equipment is obtainable at your
Caravan Dealer.
Note: These indicators have a varying
tolerance level.
Another simple method is to use bathroom
scales under the coupling head with a piece
of wood, fitted between the coupling head
and the scales, of such length that the
caravan floor is horizontal with the jockey
wheel raised clear of the ground. (Fig. A)
Noseweight can be adjusted simply by
distribution of weights in the caravan. Always
4
In order to be able to tow a caravan a driver
must hold a Category B licence. Those car
drivers who passed their tests prior to 1
January 1997 would have automatically
obtained Category B+E. However, anyone
who passed their test after 1 january 1997
will need to take a further test in order to
obtain a Category B+E if they wish to tow a
car and caravan combination whose train
weight exceeds 3,500kg, or up to 4,250 if
the caravan is less than 750kg or if the
caravan’s Maximum Technically Permissible
Laden Mass exceeds the unladen weight of
the car.
Note: The unladen weight of a car is
normally less than the kerbside weight.
GLOSSARY & CHECKLIST
Awnings - Can consist of just a simple top
sheet but may extend to a five sided frame
tent attached to the side of the caravan.
Fire blanket - approved to BS 6575 is ideal
for dealing with ‘fat pan’ fires.
Fire extinguisher - It is strongly
recommended that a fire extinguisher is
carried in the caravan. (For suitable types
see Safety and Security).
Gas bottles - Bottled L.P. gas is the most
convenient portable source of fuel. Two
bottles are required for a constant supply. An
initial deposit is payable on each cylinder.
We recommend the use of 6kg Propane or
7kg Butane bottles. One position for use and
one for storage only. (For detailed
information see Services - Gas).
Jack - A suitable jack is essential (screw,
scissor, side mounted or air jack type). Many
car jacks are unsuitable.
Levellers - Levellers help level the caravan
from side to side before unhitching.
Proprietary products can be purchased from
your caravan dealer and need to be
positioned as indicated by a spirit level.
Spare Wheel - It is always advisable to carry
a spare wheel for your caravan.
Spirit Level -A spirit level is extremely useful
when siting the caravan.
Stabiliser -Stabilisers help to dampen the
side to side movement of the caravan. One
end fits to the car’s towing bracket and the
other end to the caravan. (See Stability)
The Towing Code
Torque Wrench - A torque wrench is the
only way that the exact recommended
torque can be achieved for wheel nuts and
bolts. (See Preparing for the Road)
Towing bracket - Car manufacturers
recommend that their own bracket is fitted at
a specialist dealer, to ensure that it is fixed
to the correct mounting points. Never use
cheap alternatives, obtain one manufactured
by a reputable company complying with the
relevant standards.
WARNING: Your caravan dealer should
be consulted if additional equipment is
to be fitted as strong points may or may
not be provided in the design.
Note: Fitting additional equipment will
reduce the caravan allowable payload.
Caution should also be exercised as
electrical cables may be damaged and could
pose a hazard.
Wooden blocks - Wooden blocks typically
25cm. square and 2cm. thick are ideal for
placing under corner steadies and jockey
wheel when the ground is uneven or soft.
Water Containers - Two containers are
required, one to carry fresh water to the
caravan and one for waste water, which
needs to be disposed of properly. Several
types are available including jerry cans,
folding cans and wheeled containers.
12N & 12S Sockets - Two sockets
designated 12N and 12S are fitted to your
car to accept corresponding plugs from the
caravan. These are necessary to energise
the road lights and caravan auxiliary circuits
respectively.
12 Volt Battery - A deep cycling, heavy duty
leisure type battery should be purchased to
provide back-up power for lights, refrigerator
and other electrical appliances. (See
Battery).
5
The Towing Code
Useful memory aid for other items.
Car
Distilled water
External mirrors
Fan belt
Fire extinguisher
Jack
Jump leads
Petrol can
Socket set
Spare bulbs
Spare keys
Spare wheel
Tool kit
Towball cover
Tow rope
Tyre pressure gauge
Warning triangle
Tyre Pump
Caravan
Awning pegs and poles
Awning ground sheet
Battery 12 volt charger
Bucket
Corner steady brace
Corner steady pads
Coupling lock
Door mat
Fire blanket
Fire extinguisher
Fresh water container
Gas cylinder
6
Gas regulator
Jack
Levelling boards
Mallet
Site/caravan mains lead
Spare bulbs
(Mandatory in E.C.)
Spare 12v fuses
Spare gas hose
Spare wheel
Spirit level
Toilet fluid
Waste water container
Wheel brace
Personal
After sun cream
First Aid Kit
Flannels
Hairbrush and comb
Make up. etc.
Raincoats
Toothbrush
Toothpaste
Scissors
Shampoo
Shaving kit
Shoe cleaning kit
Soap
Sun tan oil
Wellington boots
Domestic
Adhesive tape
Air freshener
Aluminium foil
Ashtrays
Bin liners
Binoculars
Bottle opener
Breadboard
Breadbin
Brush and dustpan
Butter dish
Camera and films
Carving knife
Cassette recorder
Chairs
Clock
Clothes brush
Clothes line
Coat hangers
Coffee percolator
Coolbox
Colander
Crockery
Cruet
Corkscrew
Cutlery
Dish cloth and brush
Dusters and polish
Disposable cloths
Egg cups
Electrical extension lead
Floor cloth
Fly spray
Food
Food mixer
Frying pan
Glasses
Grill pan
Jugs
Kettle
Kitchen roll
Kitchen tools
Litter bin
Matches
Measuring jug
Milk jug
Mixing bowl
Needles and thread
Oven gloves
Pegs
Piezo Gas lighter
Potato peeler
Pressure cooker
Radio
Rubbish bin
Salad shaker
Saucepans
Scissors
Sieve
Sugar bowl
Shopping bags
Sleeping bags
Tea pot
Tea strainer
Tea towels
Table cloths
Table mats
Television
Tin opener
Tissues
Toilet paper
Torch
Towels
Toys & Games
Vacuum cleaner
Washing up bowl
Documents
Bail Bonds
(some Euro countries)
Bank and credit cards
Caravan Certificate
Cheque book
CRIS document
Driving licence
Green Card Insurance
(some Euro countries)
Maps and guides
Money
MOT Certificate
Vehicle Registration
Documents
The Towing Code
PREPARING FOR THE ROAD
PRE-LOAD CHECKLIST
Caution: Never enter the caravan without
first lowering the four corner steadies with
the brace provided.
BEFORE LOADING CHECK:
-
loose articles are stowed securely. Do not
stow tins, bottles or heavy items in
overhead lockers prior to towing.
-
all lockers and cupboard doors are
closed and secured.
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
-
all bunks are secure.
-
all rooflights are closed and secured.
-
main table is stored in its transit position.
-
fridge is on 12v operation and door lock
is set.
-
all windows are fully closed and latched.
Never tow with windows on nightsetting.
Leave all curtains and blinds open to aid
rear visibility.
1. Load heavy items low down near the
floor and mainly over or just in front of
the axle(s) (Fig. A).
-
gas cylinders are correctly positioned,
secured and turned off.
2. Load evenly right to left so that each
caravan wheel carries approximately the
same weight.
-
battery is secure and mains connecting
cable is disconnected and stowed.
-
12v distribution panel selector switch is
set to centre position.
WARNING: Isolate all gas appliances
before setting off.
Fig. A Loading your caravan
LOADING AND DISTRIBUTION OF
WEIGHT IN THE CARAVAN
Do not exceed recommended maximum
loading for your caravan.
Note: Do not overload car boot.
Note: Please take care to ensure that you
have allowed for the masses of all items you
intend to carry in the caravan
3. Do not load items at the extreme front or
rear since this can lead to instability due
to the ‘pendulum effect’.
4. Load remainder to give a suitable
noseweight at the towing coupling.
Check noseweight.
7
The Towing Code
Sensible Loading:
How to apportion it
LIGHT
Fig. A ITEMS
MEDIUM
ITEMS
HEAVY
ITEMS
Towing vehicle’s rear suspension
It is important that the towing vehicle’s rear
suspension is not deflected excessively by
the noseweight on the tow ball. If it is
excessive the steering and stability will be
affected. (Fig. B)
The greater the towing vehicle’s tail overhang
(the distance between the rear axle and the
tow ball) the greater the effect the
noseweight will have on the towing vehicle’s
rear suspension.
After trying out the caravan it may be found
that stiffening of the rear suspension is
necessary - but note that this may give the
towing vehicle a firmer ride when not towing.
Fig. B Illustration of excessive deflection of vehicle’s rear suspension
There are a number of suspension aids
available and advice should be sought on
which to use and how to fit. It is important to
ensure that the caravan is towed either level
or slightly nose down.
STABILITY
All our models are of a well balanced design
and should be exceptionally good towers.
The most common causes of poor stability
include:
If you have any doubts about the suitability
of your towbar for towing a twin axle caravan
consult the towing bracket manufacturer.
(a) Worn springs or loose spring fixings on
the towing vehicle.
DO NOT exceed the:
• Gross Vehicle Mass (G.V.M. on car plate).
• Maximum Technically Permissible Laden
Mass (M.T.P.L.M.).
• Gross Vehicle Combination Mass
(Train Weight) (G.V.C.M. on car plate).
• Maximum Permissible Towing Mass.
8
(b) Towing vehicle springs too soft.
(c) Insufficient noseweight.
(d) Nose of caravan is towing too high.
Galvanised steel chassis
Drilling of the galvanised steel chassis will
invalidate the warranty. If fixing a towing aid,
in the first instance consult your dealer as
regards suitability.
The Towing Code
Never drill the coupling head to aid the fitting
of a stabiliser.
Suitable towing vehicles
The caravan is manufactured for towing
behind normal road cars and is not suitable
for towing behind commercial vehicles. It is
strongly recommended that whenever a
caravan is to be towed over rough terrain,
e.g. a farmer’s field or track, great care
should be taken to ensure that no undue
stress is placed upon the caravan via the
hitch mounting, i.e. reduce speed. If in
doubt, please consult the caravan manufacturer and the towing vehicle manufacturer
who will advise on the most appropriate
shock absorbing hitch mounting.
Snaking
This is a term used to denote an unstable
car and caravan combination where the
caravan ‘weaves’ from side to side often
causing a similar swaying movement in the
car itself.
Causes:
i) Unsuitable or unbalanced outfit.
ii)
Incorrect loading or weight distribution.
iii) Excessive speed especially downhill.
iv) Side winds.
v)
Overtaking.
vi) Being overtaken by a large fast moving
vehicle.
vii) Erratic driving.
viii) Insufficient tyre pressures.
ix) Mixing radial and cross ply tyres.
Cures:
Cases of persistent snaking can be
alleviated by the use of a stabiliser, about
which your dealer will advise you.
On the road
If you do find your outfit snaking, try to keep
the steering wheel in a central position as far
as possible, decelerate and avoid braking if
possible.
OTHER IMPORTANT TOWING
CONSIDERATIONS THAT COULD AFFECT
STABILITY
Types of tyres fitted
The tyres fitted by the manufacturer are
suitable for towing at sustained speeds of up
to 81 mph (130 kph).
Radial and cross ply tyres should never be
mixed. It is dangerous and can cause
snaking.
Periodically tyres should be rotated to
equalise wear in the same manner as car
tyres.
Do not mix four ply/six ply/eight ply tyres on
the same axle.
Tyre Tread
The law requires that tyres and pressures
must be suitable for the use to which they
are being put. The minimum tread depth of
both car and caravan tyres must be 1.6mm
throughout a continuous band comprising
the central three quarters of the breadth of
tread and around the entire circumference of
the tyre.
Tyre pressures
Towing vehicles’ tyres must be at the
pressures recommended for towing or heavy
loading as stated in handbook not on tyre
wall. Towing stability may otherwise be
affected. The pressures can be found in the
towing vehicle handbook. The caravan tyre
pressures should be as recommended in the
specification details in your handbook.
Note: Although the caravan may be fitted
with the same type of tyre as the towing
vehicle, the pressures specified are different.
All charts show values for cars and are
therefore not applicable for caravans.
Pressures displayed on tyre walls apply
ONLY in North America and Canada.
Wheels
Caravan wheel nuts should be tightened to a
torque of 88Nm (65lb/ft) on steel wheels or
115Nm (85lb/ft) on alloy wheels and should
be checked with the use of a torque wrench
regularly. Only use a spare wheel and tyre
recommended by the manufacturer.
9
The Towing Code
Wheel Rims
The majority of caravans manufactured since
1993 have been fitted with steel wheel rims
which are the wider 5J size incorporating a
double safety hump rim which conforms to
European standards of safety. The alternative
to steel wheel rims are alloy wheel rims.
If you are in any doubt, have your wheels
checked by a competent tyre supplier.
Hitch head load capacity
The maximum vertical static load which can
be put upon the hitch head when connected
is either 75kg or 100kg. Please refer to the
technical data in your handbook.
(But see also vehicle manufacturer’s weight
limits on towball loading.)
PRE-TOW CHECKLIST AND HITCH-UP
Check Gas Locker, Battery Locker (if fitted)
and Cassette Toilet (if fitted) door/s are
secure.
Check wheelnuts, tyre pressures and tyre
conditions.
Fully raise all four corner steadies. (Fig. A).
Pick up any levelling pads or levelling
boards.
Check rooflights/vents are securely closed.
Switch off gas supply and change over to
electricity if required.
Lock the caravan exterior door.
10
Fig. A Winding Corner Steady
An assistant can help in the hitching
operation by standing on the left hand side
of the drawbar (facing rear of car) and
extending an arm horizontally to indicate
position of the coupling. When reversing aim
the towball of the car directly at the caravan
drawbar. Remove towball cover and keep in
car.
Adjust the jockey wheel to ensure the cup is
high enough to slide over the towball.
Release caravan handbrake.
Position cup over greased towball, release
safety catch and lift handle (Fig. B). The hitch
head is fitted with a visual indicator to show
whether or not it is properly connected to the
towball. A green band will show immediately
Fig. B Safety Catch and Handle
below the red indicator button on the hitch
head when a proper connection has been
made. (See Fig. D, Page 11)
WARNING: Serious damage will occur
unless the locking button is depressed
first and the handle lifted forward before
the caravan is lowered manually. This
prevents the noseweight being
transmitted through the locking button.
WARNING: If the green band is showing
when the hitch head is not connected
to the towball there is a fault - contact
your Dealer.
The Towing Code
Fig. A Handbrake
Adjust jockey wheel to lower cup on to the
ball. A click indicates it is fully engaged. Ensure
locking button has returned to its free position.
Secure caravan handbrake. (Fig. A)
Connect breakaway cable (emergency
braking device) in the form of a noose to
suitable anchorage point on towbar. DO NOT
attach to towball.
Ensure that the jockey wheel is fully wound
up and properly located in the slots, then
release the clamp handle, lift the whole unit
as high as possible and retighten the clamp
handle.
Note: Ensure jockey wheel locates in recess
provided.
Fig. B Checking Secure Attachment
Fig. C Connections - 7 pin Plug
Take hold of the caravan under the rubber
gaiter behind the coupling and lift to
ascertain whether the caravan is properly
attached. (Figs. B & D.)
Lock hitch if possible (see Safety and
Security, page 20).
Connect 7 pin plugs to car sockets ensuring
there is enough loose cable for cornering.
(Fig. C)
Check all car and caravan roadlights are
working. Check round the caravan for
anything left behind.
Release caravan handbrake, adjust all
mirrors from driving seat and proceed.
Fig. D Hitch Head Visual Indicator
11
The Towing Code
12N AND 12S VIEWED FROM REAR OF PLUG
TUBES
PINS
PINS
STRIPS
12N (BLACK)
TERMINAL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
COLOUR
YELLOW
BLUE
WHITE
GREEN
BROWN
RED
BLACK
12S (GREY)
12N PLUG
L/H INDICATOR
REAR FOG LAMP
COMMON RETURN (1-7)
R/H INDICATOR
R/H SIDE TAIL & No PLATE LIGHT
STOP LAMP
L/H SIDE TAIL & No PLATE LIGHT
TERMINAL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
COLOUR
YELLOW
BLUE
WHITE
GREEN
BROWN
RED
BLACK
12S PLUG
REVERSING LIGHT
NO ALLOCATION
NEGATIVE PIN 4
CONTINUOUS POWER SUPPLY
NO ALLOCATION
FRIDGE
RETURN FOR FRIDGE
VOLTA/JEAGER & MULTICON FEDER 13 PIN PLUGS (viewed from rear)
VOLTA/JEAGER
PIN NO
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
12
COLOUR
YELLOW
BLUE
WHITE
GREEN
BROWN
RED
BLACK
ORANGE
BROWN/BLUE
BROWN/RED
WHITE/BLACK
WHITE/GREEN
WEST
DESCRIPTION
LEFT FLASHER
FOG HAZARD LIGHT
EARTH FOR 1-8
RIGHT FLASHER
RIGHT TAIL LIGHT
STOP LIGHTS
LEFT TAIL LIGHT
REVERSE LIGHTS
CAR +
FRIDGE
EARTH FOR 10
NOT YET ALLOCATED
EARTH FOR 9
PIN NO
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
MULTICON
FEDER 13K
COLOUR
YELLOW
BLUE
WHITE
GREEN
BROWN
RED
BLACK
ORANGE
BROWN/BLUE
BROWN/RED
WHITE/BLACK
WHITE/GREEN
DESCRIPTION
LEFT FLASHER
FOG HAZARD LIGHT
EARTH FOR 1-8
RIGHT FLASHER
RIGHT TAIL LIGHT
STOP LIGHTS
LEFT TAIL LIGHT
REVERSE LIGHTS
CAR +
FRIDGE
EARTH FOR 10
NOT YET ALLOCATED
EARTH FOR 9
ROAD LIGHTING
For your information the wiring diagram of the
12N and 12S connectors is shown opposite.
These should be checked regularly and if in
any doubt a qualified electrician consulted.
Some European cars may be equipped with
Volta, Jeager, West or multi-con sockets, an
adaptor or replacement sockets may be
required. If so consult your dealer or qualified
electrician.
The wiring allocations were changed in 1998
and it is important that you check the car to
caravan connections are compatible prior to
coupling up to the car.
WARNING: Always disconnect the
electrical connector between the towing
vehicle and the caravan before
connecting a low voltage supply to the
caravan (mains) and before charging the
battery (EN 1648-1).
PASSENGERS
Passengers are forbidden to ride in a caravan
with the exception of authorised test personnel.
BRAKES/BREAKAWAY CABLE
A breakaway cable is required for caravans
and the device must be such that the caravan
stops automatically if the coupling breaks
(Regulation 15 of the Road Vehicles
[Construction and Use] Regulations 1986).
Always ensure that the breakaway cable is
connected to the towing vehicle, not to the
towball.
The Towing Code
MIRRORS
The driver of the towing vehicle must have an
adequate view of the rear.
If there is no rear view through the caravan it
is essential that additional exterior towing
mirrors are fitted. This is mandatory is some
European countries and drivers can face
instant fines if extension mirrors are not fitted.
Caution: Any rear view mirror must not
project more than 200 mm outside:
a) the width of the caravan when being
towed.
b) the width of the towing vehicle when
driven solo.
Note: Any rear view mirror fitted shall be ‘e’
marked and cover the field of view as
stipulated by type approval requirements
(Regulation 33 of the Road Vehicles
[Construction and Use] Regulation 1986).
PULLING OFF
Fig. A Reversing
REVERSING
Proficiency at reversing can only be achieved
with practice and should be first attempted
in a large open area (Fig. A).
Allow longer to get up speed to pass.
Allow for the outfit being twice its normal
length.
Do not suddenly swing out.
SPEED LIMITS
Carry out all manoeuvres as smoothly as
possible.
Normal road towing: 50mph
Use nearside wing mirror to check caravan
has cleared when overtaking.
Let the clutch in smoothly.
Allow more engine speed to produce the
power to move the additional weight of the
caravan.
Motorways (including dual carriageways):
60mph
Reduce wear and tear on clutch and
transmission by taking extra care.
CARAVAN HANDLING
Change gears smoothly.
Allow for caravan being wider than car.
Try not to jerk the clutch.
Do not bump kerb with caravan wheels.
When passing other vehicles allow more than
the normal clearance for driving solo.
IMPORTANT POINTS ESPECIALLY
FOR MOTORWAY DRIVING
1. Caravans may not be towed in the outside lane of a three or four lane motorway. (Reg. 12(2) of the Motorway Traffic
[England and Wales] Regulations 1982).
13
The Towing Code
2. Reduce Speed:
i) In high or cross winds.
ii) Downhill.
iii) In poor visibility.
Scissor Jack
Chassis
3. High sided vehicles cause air buffeting so
extra care must be taken when passing or
being passed. As much space as
possible should be given.
Axle
CHANGING A WHEEL
1. Leave caravan hitched to towing vehicle
and ensure handbrake is applied.
2. Lower corner steadies (as safety
measure) on the side that the wheel is
being changed to stabilise the caravan.
3. Use wheel brace to slacken off wheel
nuts on the wheel to be changed.
4. Position jack under the axle at the
appropriate jacking point (see fig. B) or in
the side jack socket (see fig. C).
5. Jack up the caravan until the wheel for
removal is just off the ground.
6. Remove the wheel nuts, wheel trims and
remove the wheel.
7. Fit spare wheel and reverse the above
procedure.
8. Tighten all four nuts, according to Fig. A,
to 88Nm (65lb/ft) for steel wheels or
115Nm (85lb/ft) for alloy wheels using a
torque wrench or have checked as soon
as possible.
14
Fig. A Wheel Nut Tightening
Fig. B Jacking Point
IMPORTANT
When a wheel has been removed and
replaced the torque of the wheel nuts should
be re-checked after approximately 15 miles
of running. (See 8 above).
All caravans are provided with the facility to
fit Al-Ko side jacking points and although a
scissor or bottle jack may be used, it is
recommended that the side mounted Al-Ko
Jacking System should be used.
JACKING POINTS
STOPPING ON A HILL
WARNING: Only jack up your caravan
when it is coupled up to the car with its
handbrake applied and in 1st gear
(engine off).
Ensure that the jack is located in the correct
position, i.e. on the axle tube inside the
chassis member (Fig. B). The reinforced axle
mounting plate can be used as an alternative
but the chassis member itself MUST NEVER
be used as a jacking point.
Pulling off again can sometimes present a
problem. The easy solution is
(i) Carry a good sized wedge shaped piece
of wood with a rope or light chain
attached.
(ii) Attach the other end of the rope to the
nearside rear grab handle.
(iii) Place the wood behind the nearside
caravan wheel.
The Towing Code
firm contact with the ground. DO NOT use
the steadies as a jack they are only a means
of stabilising the caravan.
Levelling pads or boards should be used
under the steadies where the ground is soft
or uneven.
In extreme cases where it is necessary to
raise a wheel off the ground for levelling
purposes, further adequate support should
be applied so that the steadies do not take
any undue strain.
Fig. C Al-Ko Side Jack
(iv) Carefully reverse the car slightly back
down the hill, the caravan will stop
against the wedge and turn.
(v) Drive forward since this attempt to move
up the hill will now not involve pulling the
full weight of the caravan until the car has
gained some traction.
ARRIVAL ON SITE
Note: Check and observe site regulations.
1. Selecting a pitch
Do not pitch in such a position that your
outfit will obstruct others coming in.
Try to choose an area which is dry, reasonably level and preferably with a hard base.
If you have no alternative but to pitch on a
slope ensure that, for when you leave, you
Fig. D levelling Board
are facing down the slope.
It is good practice to chock the wheels of
the caravan when parked on a slope even
though the caravan brakes are applied.
2. Levelling the caravan
Levelling must be carried out in both
directions in order for the refrigerator and
other equipment to function correctly. This
should be done before unhitching the
caravan. Levelling boards (Fig. D) can be
used to raise one side of the caravan by
driving or reversing the caravan onto the
boards. Apply the handbrake and chock the
wheels.
The positioning of the jockey wheel can be
used to help level the caravan.
Lower the corner steadies until they are in
Exterior Door
To prevent distortion of the body, the caravan
must be always correctly sited and levelled.
Failure to site the caravan correctly may
prevent the exterior door from closing
properly.
3. Unhitching
Apply the caravan handbrake.
Lower the jockey wheel to the ground.
Disconnect the breakaway cable and road
lighting plugs.
Operate the handle by depressing the locking
button on the lever mechanism and lift the
handle upwards and forwards, at the same
time winding down the jockey wheel, to
assist in lifting the caravan clear of the
towing vehicle.
When this operation is complete, replace
towball cover.
Park your vehicle alongside the caravan on
the offside.
15
SAFETY
AND
SECURITY
Fire .......................................................................................... 18
Notice ................................................................................... 18
In Case of Fire ...................................................................... 18
Dicon 300AP Smoke Alarm....................................................18
Smoke Alarm......................................................................... 18
Fire Extinguishers.................................................................. 19
Children ................................................................................... 19
Ventilation .............................................................................. 19
Security ................................................................................... 20
Caravan Theft ....................................................................... 20
Chassis Number.................................................................... 20
Additional Security ............................................................... 20
Security Chips....................................................................... 20
Safety & Security
FIRE
Important: Your attention is drawn to the
notice affixed inside the caravan advising on
fire precaution, ventilation and what to do in
case of fire.
IN CASE OF FIRE
1. Get everyone out of the caravan as
quickly as possible using whichever exit is
the quickest, including windows. Do not
stop to collect any personal items.
2. Raise the Alarm. Call the Fire Brigade.
3. Turn off the gas supply valve if it is safe to
do so.
4. Turn off the electricity supply at supply
point.
DICON 300AP SMOKE ALARM
This smoke alarm is approved for use in
caravans and mobile homes. (Fig. A)
Fig. A Smoke Alarm
• Low Battery Warning
Unit “beeps” approximately every 45
seconds for up to 30 days when the
battery needs replacing.
• Sensitivity Test Button
Test sensitivity, circuitry, battery and horn.
the smoke detector should last
approximately one year.
WARNING: Ensure that batteries are
correctly installed. Positive terminal to
positive contact (marked +), negative
terminal to negative contact. Reversing
a battery in its compartment will
immediately drain the battery and
could damage the smoke alarm.
The National Caravan Council requires that
all new or used caravans sold by its
members be fitted with a smoke alarm
featuring an alarm silence facility.
• Loud 85 Decibel Piezo Electric Alarm
Automatically resets when hazardous
condition has passed.
FEATURES
• Precise Sensitivity
HOW TO TEST
• Battery operated. No need for mains
power wiring.
• High Quality Solid State Components
CONNECTING THE BATTERY
Press test button until alarm sounds, then
release. Repeat test weekly.
Your alarm requires one 9 volt battery to
power the smoke detector portion of the
unit. Under normal use the battery powering
Note: Always test smoke alarm operation
after vehicle has been in storage, before each
trip and at least once per week during use.
• Operating Light (LED)
Flashes approximately every 45 seconds
confirming unit is powered.
18
Safety & Security
WARNING: The electronic test button
provides a full test of the unit’s
functionality. DO NOT try to test the
alarm with a naked flame, as this may
present a potential fire hazard.
FALSE ALARMS
Abnormal air conditions may cause the
highly sensitive smoke alarm to give a
“false” alarm. DO NOT DISCONNECT THE
BATTERIES. If no fire is apparent, ventilate
the caravan and/or blow fresh air into the
unit until the alarm stops. Once cleared the
smoke alarm will automatically reset.
MAINTENANCE
Dust can lead to excess sensitivity therefore
it is recommended that the unit be
vacuumed every 6 months to help keep the
unit working efficiently.
Open cover and gently vacuum interior of
detector trying to keep the nozzle from
touching the unit.
WARNING: Never use portable cooking
or heating equipment other than electric
heaters that are not of the direct radiant
type, as it is a fire and asphyxiation
hazzard.
carried inside your caravan at all times.
When using a dry powder extinguisher it is
suggested that the caravan be evacuated
until the powder has settled, to avoid
inhalation.
A fat pan fire should not have a fire
extinguisher aimed at it. It should be
smothered with a fire blanket.
WARNING: Provide one dry powder fire
extinguisher of an approved type or
complying with ISO 7165, of at least 1kg
capacity, by the main exterior door and
a fire blanket next to the cooker.
Familiarise yourself with the instructions
on your fire extinguisher and the local
fire precaution arrangements.
ESCAPE PATHS
It is important that you do not block escape
paths to emergency exits with obstructions
or hazzards.
CHILDREN
Do not leave children alone in the caravan in
any event. Keep potentially dangerous items
out of reach, as at home e.g. matches, drugs
etc.
FIRE EXTINGUISHER
VENTILATION
It is recommended that a 1kg (2lb) minimum
capacity dry powder fire extinguisher be
All caravans comply with BS EN 721. The
ventilation points on your caravan are fixed
points of ventilation which are required by
the European Standards.
All caravans have ventilation at high level
and low level which have been calculated to
suit the individual needs of your caravan.
High level ventilation is achieved by means
of the roof lights and washroom roof
ventilators. The low level ventilators are
positioned underneath the oven housing. All
models with sliding doors have two vents
located underneath the sliding doors.
Under no circumstances must these vents
be blocked or obstructed.
It is advised that fixed ventilation points are
checked and cleaned (if necessary) on a
regular basis using a small brush and a
domestic vacuum cleaner.
Additional night time ventilation is obtained
by releasing the window catches and placing
them in the second groove. Note the
windows are not sealed from rain in this
position.
As the ventilation levels are calculated to suit
each models requirements there should be
no modifications made which may result in
reduced ventilation levels.
WARNING: Do not obstruct ventilation.
19
Safety & Security
Petrol/Diesel Fumes
The fitting of a tail pipe to your car exhaust
will reduce the possibility of fumes entering
your caravan through the ventilation points.
SECURITY CHIPS
A special security chip is concealed within
the body of every caravan. This chip contains
the individual identity of your caravan and
can only be read by using a special decoder.
Your local police can obtain the use of a
decoder by contacting C.R.I.S. on telephone
no: 01722 411430
Note: Never allow modification of electrical
or LPG systems and appliances except by
qualified persons at an authorised Swift
Group dealership.
SECURITY
Caravan theft
The theft of a caravan can occur in the most
unlikely circumstances; from a motorway
service area, even from an owner’s driveway.
Secure all windows and doors when your
caravan is unoccupied even if only for a short
length of time.
Chassis number
Record your caravan chassis number which
can be found on the front offside section of
the drawbar (Fig. A) or any of the eye level
windows.
Make a note of this number in the space
provided at the front of this handbook and
make separate note of the number to keep
safe at home.
Additional security
Consider fitting any device which might deter
or prevent intrusion by thieves.
20
Fig. A Chassis Number
A hitch lock cover prevents towing of the
caravan.
A wheel lock prevents towing of the caravan
and removal of the wheel.
Customers are advised to identify their
caravan with a method for subsequent
identification if other forms of identification
have been altered or removed.
Free crime prevention advice about securing
your caravan, protecting your valuables,
property marking, either at home or whilst on
site, can be obtained from the Crime
Prevention Officer through your local Police
Station.
SERVICES
Connection of Services ......................................................... 22
Water ....................................................................................... 22
Whale Watermaster System...................................................22
Inboard Water Tanks and On-line Water Systems .................22
Whale Aqua-Source ...............................................................23
Whale Supersub System........................................................23
Whale 'Elite' Microswitch Taps ..............................................24
Reich 'Charisma' Single Lever Mixer Tap ..............................25
Whale 'Elegance' Microswitch Mixer Tap ..............................26
Gas ........................................................................................... 27
General Information................................................................27
Types of Gas ..........................................................................28
Gas Safety Advice..................................................................28
Electricity ................................................................................ 30
Instructions for Electricity Supply ..........................................30
Overseas Connection.............................................................31
Services
Connection of services is dealt with under
the separate headings.
In all cases users should become familiar
with the equipment manufacturers’
instructions.
Advice and leaflets, if not supplied with the
caravan, can be obtained from the suppliers
of the equipment.
Before making connections of any
description to the caravan or its equipment,
ensure that ALL equipment is turned off.
The caravan can use three separate systems
for its water supply.
To operate the system from the external
pump, switch the pump control switch on
the electrical panel to external position.
The system will operate as a normal microswitched system when the taps in the
bathroom or kitchen are opened.
INBOARD WATER TANKS AND
ON-LINE WATER SYSTEMS
To fill the inboard/underslung tank from an
external container follow these simple
instructions:
1. Insert water master pump into container.
1. Inboard water tank (for winter use
essential).
2. Plug pump hose connection into water
master socket.
2. External water carrier.
3. Ensure the inline stem shut off valve is in
the open position. This is located
adjacent to the tank or T-connector
feeding the tank.
3. Watermaster Aqua Source (mains water).
WHALE WATERMASTER SYSTEM
Fresh water is supplied to the caravan from
an external water container by the Whale
Watermaster system, which consists of a
socket in the offside exterior wall of the
caravan and a separate plug-in pump
assembly.
The wall socket is protected by a hinged lid
which should be kept shut when the pump is
not connected. Never tow the caravan with
the lid open. The lid is easily opened by gripping the lower edge and pulling outwards.
22
4. On control panel located inside caravan,
switch on external pump and the rocker
switch above the electrical panel or in the
battery compartment, dependant on
model. Turn ON the Pump Run switch
and the tank will fill.
5a.Automatic shut-off will take place when
the tank is full (some models) or
5b.When water starts to flow from overflow
on underside of caravan, or when the
container is empty, pull out pump hose
connection immediately and turn off
switch.
6. On control panel located inside caravan,
switch to internal pump and turn on a
cold tap for a few seconds to relieve
pressure in the tank.
To use an on-line water system (“AquaSource”) with an inboard/underslung tank,
isolate the tank facility by turning the in-line
stem shut-off valve to the OFF position.
Note: It is advisable to check the system for
leaks on the first occasion using an on-line
water system as they work at slightly higher
pressure than pump systems.
The internal and external pumps should NOT
be switched on when an on-line pressure
system is plugged into the caravan.
WARNING: It is not recommended to
tow with water in the onboard or
underslung water tank as this could
affect stability.
To drain the underslung water tank, reach
under the floor and unclip the drain hose,
feed the pipe through the chassis holes (if
required) to ensure the pipe has a natural fall
and open the tap on the end of the drain
hose
Services
fitted to the connecting dual hose to prevent
contaminants falling into the water container.
The Whale Supersub pump is a completely
sealed unit designed for intermittent use. It is
NOT self-priming and therefore to ensure
proper performance, the pump MUST
ALWAYS be fully submersed in water
BEFORE plugging into the wall socket.
Initial connection to fresh water supply
1. Fill the fresh water container and place it
alongside the Whale wall socket located
in the offside external wall of the caravan.
WHALE AQUA-SOURCE
To use an on-line water system (“AquaSource”) with an inboard tank.
Note: It is advisable to check the system for
leaks on the first occasion using an on-line
water system as they work at slightly higher
pressure than pump systems.
The internal and external pumps should NOT
be switched on when an on-line pressure
system is plugged into the caravan.
WHALE SUPERSUB SYSTEM
The separate plug-in pump assembly
consists of a Whale Supersub pump, hose
and plug. The plug provides connection of
both water supply to the caravan and 12V dc
electric power to the pump. A dust cover is
2. Ensure the pump isolator switch at the
control panel inside the caravan is
switched OFF.
3. Open the ‘hot’ kitchen tap. Ensure all
other taps are closed.
4. Place the Whale Supersub pump into the
water container outside the caravan,
taking care to ensure the pump reaches
the bottom of the container.
5. Lift the lid of the Whale wall socket and fit
the pump assembly plug into the socket.
Ensure it is pressed in fully.
6. Adjust the dust cover to fit over the
opening in the water container to keep
contaminants out.
kitchen tap. Allow to flow for a few more
seconds to ensure release of any trapped
air in the water system, then turn the tap
off.
Repeat the same procedure with the ‘cold’
kitchen tap.
After turning off the taps, check ‘pump
running’ light at the control panel.
If light is OFF — the system is ready for use.
If the system has been drained, the above
procedure MUST be repeated EVERY time
the water container is filled.
Leave the pump isolator switch at the control
panel ON.
Once a tap is turned on, the pump is
activated automatically by a micro switch.
Fault Finding
1. Pump runs very noisy but does not
pump water. Likely to occur after water
container has been refilled. Pump is air
locked. Cure: unplug from socket allowing
pump to flood, and reconnect by plugging
in again. The correct sequence when
refilling the container is to unplug, replace
pump in container, then reconnect.
7. Switch ON the pump isolator switch at
the control panel inside the caravan.
2. Pump does not run at all. If not due to
blown fuse or faulty connections, then
most likely cause is excessive continuous
running. Cure: replace pump.
8. Wait until water flows freely from the ‘hot’
Never allow the pump to run dry.
23
Services
Never allow the pump to run continuously
for more than 15 minutes.
Note: When refilling the water container, the
pump assembly may be left unplugged into
the wall socket so that the pump can be kept
off the ground by inserting the hose into the
groove on the underside of the plug. But, the
pump assembly MUST be unplugged
BEFORE replacing the pump into the refilled
water container.
WHALE ‘ELITE’ MICROSWITCH
TAPS
The micro switch taps are used when the
water supply is not pressurised.
When the tap is turned on the micro switch
(which is fitted inside the tap) activates the
pump to supply water.
Operation
Swivel the tap spout (a) to the desired
position over the sink, lift the control lever (b)
to activate the pump and allow water to flow
simultaneously. To adjust the temperature
swivel the lever (c) to the left or right as
shown opposite.
Cleaning
It is recommended that a non-abrasive damp
cloth is used for cleaning the Elite
Tap/Shower.
Microswitch Replacement: A microswitch
replacement kit is available (ref. MT8000).
24
Note: Before commencing microswitch
replacement ensure instructions are read
through thoroughly. The entire process can
be completed without the need to remove
the tap from the worktop.
Before you Start
1. Ensure pump is isolated.
2. Position lever in central, i.e. mixer, off
location.
Microswitch Replacement
1. Carefully remove lever cap. A recess at
the back of the lever cap is provided to
assist with this.
2. Remove screw with No. 2 Pozi
screwdriver. Note the position of the lever
at this stage.
Important
Note position of
ACTUATOR before
removing it.
3. Lift off the lever.
4. Note the position of actuator before removal. Flange should be facing forward.
5. Remove actuator.
6. To remove shroud, squeeze clips with one
hand and slide shroud off with other hand.
7. Remove microswitch, using finger and
thumb, pull up and outwards.
Services
8. Slide wire terminals off microswitch.
9. Attach replacement microswitch and
relocate. Note: Ensure microswitch snaps
fully home.
10.Before relocating shroud ensure wires are
neatly located in the front groove as
shown.
If they are unable to solve the problem,
contact Whale Customer Services:
tel: 01247 270531 ext. 211 or 213.
REICH ‘CHARISMA’ SINGLE
LEVER MIXER TAP
1. Detach cover (1)
11.Replace shroud. Note: Ensure shroud
locating rib is aligned with the rear groove
of tap and snap fully home, ensuring clips
are retaining the shroud.
2. Loosen screw (2) inside the handle
12.Replace actuator in position noted in 4
above.
5. Turn out the brass nut (5) with spanner
SW 29
13.Replace lever and fix with screw.
Note: Do not overtighten screw.
6. Pull out the ceramic cartridge (6)
14.Replace lever cap.
Winterising
To avoid damage as a result of freezing,
drain the entire water system. To protect Elite
tap or shower units, the tap control(s) and
the shower control should be opened when
draining the system to enable stored water in
the outlets to drain back through the control
valves and out of the system. (Switch off
pump at isolator). Ensure that both the hot
and cold systems are fully drained by
draining separately. The cold drain plug is a
separate drain plug from the heater drain
plug. The lever should be up and in the
centre to drain the hot and cold system
when not in use. Remove water filter if fitted.
Please consult your dealer if in difficulty.
3
2
1
9
8
3. Detach the handle (3)
4
4. Turn out the rosette (4)
5
7. If the cartridge is defect please install a
new one
8. If the micro switch is defect please pull
the wire out of the mixer (7)
6
9. Detach the cover (8) in front of the handle
10.Loosen screw (9) inside the handle and
pull-out the micro switch
7
11.Install cartridge, micro switch, brass nut,
rosette and handle in the opposite way
Reich Charisma
25
Services
WHALE ‘ELEGANCE’
MICROSWITCH MIXER TAPS
Microswitch replacement
Dismantling the taps for maintenance
Before you start:
1. Pull off knob(s) and spindle(s).
The microswitch taps are used when the
water supply is not pressurised.
• Ensure the pump is isolated.
2. Unscrew securing screw(s), using a 17mm
(11/16") spanner.
When the tap is turned on, the microswitch
(which is fitted inside the tap), activates the
pump to supply water.
1. Remove the crimp terminals.
• Ensure the taps are in the OFF position.
3. Control unit(s) can now be released for
inspection (see fig. 2).
2. Hold the sides of the microswitch clip with
your thumb and finger and gently pull off
the clip.
3. The microswitch should slide off the two
retaining pins. Be careful not to break the
pins off (see fig. 1).
Knob
4. Replace in the reverse order.
Drive
Spindle
Securing
Screw
Operation
Swivel the tap spout to the required position
over the sink and turn on either the hot or
cold tap to activate the pump and allow
water to flow. To adjust the water
temperature, open both taps to the required
mix.
Cleaning
It is recommended that a non-abrasive damp
cloth is used for cleaning the Elegance tap.
26
Control
Unit
Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Services
WINTERISING
To avoid damage as a result of freezing,
drain the entire water system. To protect
Elegance Tap or Shower units, the tap
control(s) and the shower handset on/off
control should be opened when draining the
system to enable stored water in the outlet
to drain back through the control valves and
out of the system (switch off pump at
isolator). Ensure that both the hot and cold
systems are fully drained, the cold drain plug
is a separate drain plug from the heater drain
plug. Tap spouts and shower heads should
be unscrewed, removed and stored in a dry
place. Please consult your dealer if in
difficulty. If they are unable to solve the
problem, contact Whale Customer Services
on 01247 270531 ext. 211 or 213.
WARRANTY
Whale products are guaranteed for 1 year
from the date of purchase against defects in
materials and workmanship. If the unit
proves faulty, return it to your supplier with
proof of purchase and purchase date. Please
note that frost damage is not a valid
warranty claim.
The manufacturer retains the right to repair
or replace the unit. The manufacturer cannot
be held responsible for claims arising from
incorrect installation, unauthorised
modification or misuse of the product. The
above does not affect your statutory rights.
GAS
GENERAL INFORMATION
interchangable between different makes
of gas cylinder.
Gas Bottles
Bottled Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) is the
most convenient portable source of fuel for
your caravan.
Make sure that heating and cooking
appliances and the gas cylinders are
switched off before you move the caravan.
Regularly check flexible gas hose, joints and
connections for tightness. Finally make sure
that each gas appliance is working efficiently
to the recommendations of the appliance
manufacturers.
The regulator
The regulator (Fig. B) is a governing device
which adapts the bottle pressure to one that
suits the equipment in the caravan.
Fig. A Gas Bottle Compartment
Note: Regulator valves should always be in
the ‘OFF’ position when towing.
WARNING: Some industrial LPG
appliances operate at high pressure and
require a ‘high pressure’ regulator. This
often has an adjusting handle on it.
NEVER use such a regulator on a
caravan.
Propane and Butane gas regulators are not
interchangeable.
Cylinders and regulators are also not
Fig. B Gas Regulator
27
Services
Hoses
Hoses should be made from Neoprene and
should conform to BS 3212. Rubber hosing
should never be used. It is good practice to
replace hoses annually, and a jubilee clip is a
worthwhile addition to prevent accidental
removal of the hose.
WARNING: Inspect flexible gas hose
regularly for deterioration and renew, as
neccessary, with the approved type. In
any case the hose should be renewed
not later than the expiry date marked
on the hose. Flexible gas hose length
should not exceed 400mm.
WARNING: Ensure hoses do not
become entangled in door mechanism.
TYPES OF GAS
Butane
Butane is supplied in the U.K. in green, blue
or aluminium bottles.
All these have a male left hand thread
EXCEPT for Camping Gaz which has a
special female right hand thread and Calor
7kg and 15kg and aluminium bottles which
have a special clip-on connection.
A 7kg bottle is recommended for butane
gas.
Continental bottles usually have a male left
28
hand thread similar to but not identical with
U.K. butane.
There is danger if all air and oxygen were
excluded.
Butane is suitable for use at temperatures
down to 2°C but will not work below that.
(Ventilation holes must be kept clear at all
times).
Propane
Propane is supplied in Red, or partly red
bottles which have a female left hand
threaded connector.
LPG has been given a smell by the
manufacturers in order to identify leaks.
Scandinavian countries use the same
connector.
Germany and Austria supply propane with a
male connection.
Propane will work at temperatures as low as
-40°C and is therefore suitable for all winter
caravanning.
A 6kg bottle is recommended for propane
gas.
GAS SAFETY ADVICE
WARNING: If you smell gas or suspect
a leak and if it is safe to do so, isolate
the gas appliances and turn off the gas
bottles at the regulator. Evacuate the
caravan and ventilate. Seek professional
advice as to the cause of the leak.
Facts about LPG
LPG is not poisonous.
Bi-products are harmless.
Awning Spaces LPG Appliance Exhaust
There is no danger of pollution of an
enclosed awning space by the LPG exhaust
from a refrigerator venting into it, as awning
spaces are generally well ventilated.
Space heaters may produce sufficient
exhaust to pollute the awning space, if it is
totally enclosed, from a general comfort,
smell and hygiene point of view. In the
extreme case there could be a build up of
carbon dioxide to a dangerous level.
Caravan owners are advised to allow some
fresh air circulation in the awning space
when such appliances are in use.
PRECAUTIONS
a) Never look for a leak with a match.
Always use a soap solution or its
equivalent when testing connections. Do
not operate any electrical apparatus
whatsoever, especially light switches. If
the leak is not obvious, the caravan
should be evacuated and qualified
personnel consulted.
b) Avoid naked lights when connecting or
changing a cylinder.
Services
c) Check the flexible hose frequently.
d) The gas is heavier than air and therefore
sinks to the lowest point.
e) Keep bottle gas containers outside (and
protected against frost). If they must be
kept inside make sure they are well away
from heat.
Ventilation
All ventilation complies with BSEN 721 and
vents should not be obstructed in any
manner as this could lead to insufficient
fresh air. In this case the confined
atmosphere becomes depleted of oxygen
which leads to the formation of the highly
poisonous gas ‘carbon monoxide’. Carbon
Monoxide is odourless, colourless and
tasteless and will rapidly cause
unconsciousness and death with little or no
warning prior to collapse. THERE IS NO
DANGER WHEN ADEQUATE VENTILATION
IS PROVIDED.
Roof-mounted Flue installations
All flue installations should be inspected
once a year throughout their length for
corrosion. Flues should be replaced if any
sign of perforation is found. Ensure that the
replacement is of an approved type.
CONNECTION
Ensure that the gas regulator is correctly
connected to the gas cylinder in gas bottle
compartment and that the hose is tight.
Before turning on the gas supply, ensure that
all gas operated equipment in the caravan is
turned off.
All gas equipment is supplied through a
central Gas Manifold System which has
individual isolation taps for each appliance,
as follows:
RED
-
Cascade Water Heater
WHITE
-
Space Heater
BLUE
-
Fridge
GREEN
-
Hob & Oven (combination)
GREEN
-
Hob (Separate)
YELLOW -
Oven (Separate)
YELLOW -
Barbecue (if fitted)
GRADE 3
A caravan with an average thermal
transmittance (u) that does not exceed
1.2w/(m2k) and which can achieve
an average temperature difference of at
least 35k between inside and outside
temperatures when the outside temperature
is -15°C.
Thermal insulation heating
Your caravan has been designed to achieve
a thermal insulation and heating level for
specific climatic conditions. The
classifications are as follows:
GRADE 1
A caravan with an average thermal
transmittance (u) that does not exceed
1.7w/(m2k).
GRADE 2
A caravan with an average thermal
transmittance (u) that does not exceed
1.7w/(m2k) and which can achieve an
average temperature difference of at least
20k between inside and outside temperatures when the outside temperature is 0°C.
29
Services
ELECTRICITY
As with electricity in the home, care must be
exercised when handling mains electricity.
Your attention is drawn to the following
notice as laid down by the Institute of
Electrical Engineers.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR ELECTRICITY
SUPPLY
On arrival at caravan site
1. Before connecting the caravan installation
to the mains supply, check that
(a) both 12N & 12S plugs and hitch
have been disconnected from the
towing vehicle,
(b the mains supply is suitable for your
installation and appliances, i.e.
whether it is a.c. or d.c. and whether
it is at the correct voltage and
frequency,
(c) your installation will be properly
earthed. Never accept a supply from
a socket outlet or plug having only
two pins, or from a lighting outlet,
and
(d) any residual current device (earth
leakage circuit breaker) in the mains
supply to the caravan has been
tested within the last month.
In case of doubt, consult the site owner or
his agent.
30
2. MAKE SURE THAT THE SWITCH AT
THE SITE SUPPLY POINT IS OFF.
3. Lift the cover of the electricity inlet
provided on the caravan, and insert the
connector of the supply flexible cable.
years by a qualified person (see list) who
should sign and issue a periodic inspection
report. (The manufacturer recommends
annual inspections).
Suitably qualified persons acceptable to the
NCC to sign and issue inspection and
completion certificates are:
4. Remove any cover from the socket outlet
provided at the site supply point, and
connect the plug at the other end of the
supply flexible cable to this. Switch on
the main switch at the site supply point.
• an approved contractor of the National
Inspection Council for Electrical
Installation Contracting* or
Note: Use mains cable fully uncoiled and
protect from traffic.
• a member of the Electrical Contractors’
Association
IT IS IMPORTANT THAT THE MAIN
SWITCH AT THE SITE SUPPLY POINT
SHOULD BE SWITCHED OFF, THE
SUPPLY FLEXIBLE CABLE
DISCONNECTED, AND ANY COVER
REPLACED ON THE SOCKET OUTLET AT
THE SITE SUPPLY POINT BEFORE
DISCONNECTING THE FLEXIBLE CABLE
FROM THE CARAVAN. IT IS DANGEROUS
TO LEAVE THE SUPPLY SOCKET OR
SUPPLY FLEXIBLE CABLE LIVE.
Because touring caravans are generally left
unused for long periods in the open, it is
strongly advised that the mains installation is
inspected periodically to ensure that it is
safe to use. The IEE Wiring Regulations
recommend that mains installations in
touring caravans are re-inspected every 3
• a member of the Electrical Contractors’
Association of Scotland
• a qualified person acting on behalf of the
above (in which event it should be stated
for whom he is acting).
*The names and addresses of Approved
Contractors in any locality (there are over
10,500 in the UK) can be obtained from
Electricity Shops, or direct from:
NICEIC
Vintage House
37 Albert Embankment
London SE1 7UJ
Telephone: 0171 582 7746
Services
The names and addresses of members of
the Electrical Contractors’ Associations can
be obtained direct from:
(items) greater than the supply as this
may cause an overload and the circuit
breaker to trip.
ECA
Esca House
Palace Court
London W2 4HY
OVERSEAS CONNECTION
Telephone: 0171 229 1266
ECA of Scotland
23 Heriot Row
Edinburgh EH3 6EW
Telephone: 0131 225 7221
WARNING: CURRENT CONSUMPTION
IN THE CARAVAN MUST NOT EXCEED
16 AMPS OR THE PITCH PERMITTED
MAXIMUM IF THIS IS LESS THAN 16
AMPS.
IT IS DANGEROUS TO ATTEMPT
MODIFICATIONS AND ADDITIONS
YOURSELF. LAMPHOLDER—PLUGS
(BAYONET-CAP ADAPTORS) SHOULD
NOT IN ANY CIRCUMSTANCES BE
USED.
Note: Connection to a mains voltage supply
OVERSEAS requires particular attention.
Care must be taken when connecting
supplies abroad since the supplies can be of
REVERSE POLARITY.
The significance of REVERSE POLARITY is
that when equipment is switched off it may
not be electrically isolated.
The only certain way of making equipment
safe is to unplug it.
It is useful to have a means of checking
polarity of the mains supply, especially when
touring overseas. There are available several
proprietary makes of equipment for testing
polarity.
If it can be achieved, it is preferable to
connect live to live, and neutral to neutral to
maintain full electrical protection.
CAUTION
The Fanmaster has the potential to draw
8 amps at 2kW. A primus heater has a
potential drain of 3kW/13amp. It is,
therefore, advisable to check the supply
rating before switching on two loads
31
Services
WIRING OF CONNECTING CABLE AND CARAVAN MAINS INLET
WARNING
IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT CONNECTIONS ARE MADE EXACTLY AS SHOWN. IF TERMINAL MARKINGS ARE NOT IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE DIAGRAM
THEY MUST BE IGNORED. IF IN DOUBT CONSULT A QUALIFIED ELECTRICIAN.
THE LEGAL LENGTH OF THE MAINS INLET CABLE IS 25 ± 2 METRES. WHEN IN USE IT MUST BE FULLY UNCOILED AND PROTECTED FROM TRAFFIC.
32
ELECTRICAL
EQUIPMENT
Power Modular Systems..........................................................34
PMS2000GC and PMS2000GP .............................................35
ESM 2 - Electrical Supply Module ........................................ 37
ECM - Electrical Control Module .......................................... 38
Battery ..................................................................................... 39
Habitation Relay ..................................................................... 40
Generator Guidelines ............................................................. 40
ESM2000....................................................................................40
KT9/2000 Indicator Module .....................................................41
Alarm Module IDM 2000 ..........................................................42
12V Electrical Supply ............................................................. 46
Wiring of 12S Socket to Towing Vehicle .............................. 46
Electrics
KT9/2000GLFP
ESM2000
KT9/2000GTFP
PMS2000GC
34
PMS2000GP
KT9/2000GXFP
Electrics
POWER MODULAR SYSTEMSPMS2000GC and PMS2000GP
The Power Modular System is a 240 volt ac
and 12 volt dc power control unit. It provides
all the necessary features for control of the
electrics and security in a caravan. The unit
provides the following features:
Mains
with •
•
•
240v ac - Mains Module
Earth leakage protection
Overcurrent protection (RCD)
Reverse polarity indication
12 volt dc - Fully Automatic
Transformer/Charger
with • Overcurrent protection
• Short circuit protection
Alarm
with •
•
•
•
•
Module
Programmable keypad
Motion sensor
Tilt sensor
Tow vehicle detection
F.N.C.
Indicator Module
with • Battery/water test switch
• Battery charger switch
• Water pump switch (Int./Ext.)
• Internal and External “Pump
Running” indicator lights
• Water auto-fill switch
• Car/Van battery switch
• “Pump Running” indicator
• Heater 'ON', heater “fault” and
“low voltage” indicators (GC only)
Switch Module
with • Battery charger switch
• Car/Van battery switch
• Water pump switch (Int./Ext.)
• Battery/Water Test Switch
• Water heater switch
• Water/Water & heating switch
• Ignition 'ON' switch
• 1kW switch
• 2kW switch
Fuse Module
with • 8 fused dc output circuits
UNIT DESCRIPTION
Mains Module
The PMS2000 and PMS2500 is designed to
operate on a mains supply of 207-253 volts
ac (making it ideal for use with low
continental voltages). The 40 amp RCD
(Residual Current Device) gives protection
against earth faults and also acts as the main
switch. The mains module also has three
MCB’s (Miniature Circuit Breakers) which are
basically resetable mains fuses, to protect
against overcurrent. Allocation of the MCB’s
is as follows:
MCB1 - Sockets/Fan Master (if fitted)
MCB2 - Cascade/Lights (if fitted)
MCB3 - Fridge/Charger
Polarity Indicator
This red neon light mounted below the mains
module will illuminate if the mains input to
the unit has become reversed and will require
correction. Note: this indicator may illuminate
whilst using certain generators, this is quite
normal and safe.
Using a generator
When using a generator in conjunction with
the PMS the following must be observed,
failure to do so may result in damage to the
unit:
i) Always start the generator with the mains
isolator in the caravan turned OFF.
ii) Allow the generator to warm up for a few
minutes before energising power in the
caravan, as the output voltage can be
higher when cold.
iii) Check the generator output voltage
regularly to ensure it is within the
specification of the PMS system
(i.e. 230 volts ±10%).
Transformer/Charger
The PMS2000 employs a fully automatic
mains to 12 volt dc transformer and battery
charger, able to operate with a wide range of
input voltages and provide a stable output
voltage even under load. The unit can
provide up to 12 amps maximum, after which
it will begin to shut down to protect itself.
Battery/Water Level Meter
(PMS2000GC and PMS2000GP)
This meter indicates the amount of fresh
water remaining in the inboard water tank
35
Electrics
and battery voltage. To check the water
contents simply press the test switch to the
water position and the meter will display a
level on the following scale:
Empty - 1⁄4 - 1⁄2 - 3⁄4 - Full
To test battery voltage simply press the test
switch to the battery position, readings
should be taken as follows:
Green region - Fully charged (no charge
necessary)
Yellow region - Adequate charge
(re-charge if desired)
Red region - Low charge (turn on
charger switch to re-charge)
Modules have a water pump running
indicator light.
Cascade/Pump Indicators
This module provides indicators for the
Cascade water heater fitted in your caravan.
The three indicators show the following:
Green LED
Red LED
Yellow LED
- Heater is switched on
- There has been a heater
fault, probably a low gas
supply
- DC voltage supply is too
low for the heater to operate
Also included is a pump running indicator.
This red indicator will light up as a warning
when the water pump has been activated for
either INT or EXT pumps.
36
SWITCH MODULE
This module contains the control switches
for electrical facilities within the caravan.
Pump switch
This switch merely energises whichever
pump is required (i.e. internal or external).
On the panels there are two indicator lights
to show which pump is running.
Car/Van selector switch
The car/caravan changeover switch provided
in this module should be used in the
following way:
Caravan position
When in this position dc power is available
from the caravan battery to power all 12 volt
electric circuits. If the charger is switched
on, the caravan battery will be charged up
via the charger/transformer unit.
Central position
When in this position with the charger switch
on, power is provided to all 12 volt circuits
via the charger/transformer only. With the
charger off, all dc circuits are isolated. Note:
The switch should be placed in this position
when the van is being towed.
Car position
The switch can be placed in this position
should the caravan battery become
discharged and no mains power is available.
Note: First of all the towing vehicle should be
electrically connected to the caravan via the
12S socket.
Battery/Water test switch
This switch should be pressed to the battery
position to test battery voltage or the water
position to indicate the water remaining in
the inboard tank.
Auto-fill Water System
The system controls the automatic filling of
the internal fresh water tank from an external
pump.
The Auto-fill water system is controlled by
two switches:
1. A start and stop switch sited in the
PMS2000 indicator module.
2. A manual override switch sited on the
control box positioned near the fresh
water tank.
Operation
The process begins when the Start-Stop
switch is briefly pressed at the side marked
‘Start’, thus starting the external pump, the
process can be stopped at any time by
briefly pressing the Start-Stop switch at the
side marked ‘Stop’. The pump will run for
approximately 3 minutes or until the fresh
water tank is full, at which point the External
pump will automatically stop.
Manual Override:- If the Automatic filling is
not required, an override switch has been
included on the Auto-Fill unit, situated near
the internal fresh water tank.
This switch has three positions:-
Electrics
Auto = Automatic Filling system active.
Off = Off.
Man = Manual Override, in this position the
External pump will be on and will stay on
until the switch is moved to the Off or Auto
positions.
Charger switch
When the caravan battery requires charging,
press this switch to the on position (it should
then illuminate). Also ensure the Selector
Switch is in the van position.
Heater switch (GC only)
This switch energises the Carver water
heater. When switched to the on position,
the green indicator marked heater on should
illuminate.
Heating and Water
See Primus Aquaflex instructions. (Page 63)
Fuse Module
Eight fuses are provided in this module to
protect all dc circuits, the fuse allocation is
shown below. Fuses must be replaced only
with the specified values.
Fuse
Fuse
Fuse
Fuse
Fuse
Fuse
Fuse
Fuse
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
-
Front roof lighting
Rear roof lighting
Fanmaster
Radio
12v sockets/Hitchlight/TV amp
Fan circuits
Water pumps/Water sensor
Ignitions
SPECIFICATION
Mains Input
230 volts +15%,
-20% ~ ac
Frequency
50Hz
Output voltage
13.8 volts DC
Output curren
12 amps (max)
Battery
recommended
Re-chargeable lead-acid
12 volt battery, 6 cells,
leisure type. 60 amperehours minimum
Dimensions
Height
Width
Depth
444mm
102mm
230mm (max)
Weight
3.2Kg
Product Support
Plug-In-Systems Ltd offer the customer an
On-Site Service, available for both Warranty
and Non-Warranty repairs (on the CEC and
Plug-In-Systems range of equipment only).
If you would like to take advantage of this
service then please ring Plug-In-Systems
(direct) on:
HULL (01482) 659309
and ask for PRODUCT SUPPORT
ESM2
ESM 2 ELECTRICAL SUPPLY
MODULE
The ESM 2 Electrical Supply Module from
Plug-In-Systems Ltd is a 240V mains and
12V DC power supply unit, providing all the
necessary features for supply of electric in
your caravan. The unit provides the following
important features.
Connections
Plug & socket input/outputs
Mains 240V AC
Mains module with
Earth leakage protection (RCD)
Overcurrent protection (MCBs)
37
Electrics
12V DC
Fully automatic transformer/charger with
Overcurrent protection
Short circuit protection
Charger on/off switch
UNIT DESCRIPTION
Mains Module
The ESM 2 is designed to operate on a
mains supply of 185-265 volts ac (making it
ideal for use with low continental voltages).
The 40 amp RCD (Residual Current Device)
gives protection against earth faults and also
acts as the main switch.
The mains module also has three MCBs
(Miniature Circuit Breakers) which are
basically resettable mains fuses, to protect
against overcurrent. Allocation of the MCBs
is as follows:
MBC1- Sockets/Fanmaster (if fitted)
MCB2- Cascade/Lights (if fitted)
MCB3- Fridge/Charger
TRANSFORMER/CHARGER
The ESM 2 employs a fully automatic mains
to 12 volt dc transformer and battery
charger, able to operate with a wide range of
input voltages and provide a stable output
voltage even under load.
The unit can provide up to 12 amps
maximum, after which it will begin to shut
down to protect itself.
38
To use the charger simply place the rocker
switch to the ON position, at which point it
should illuminate and charging will
commence.
ROADS LIGHTS FUSES
The fuses are located on the front bulkhead
of the right hand front bed.
Fuse Ratings
1
LH ROAD
5A
2
RH ROAD
5A
3
LH INDICATOR
7.5A
4
RH INDICATOR
7.5A
5
FOG
7.5A
6
STOP
7.5A
AUX SWITCH
This switch may be used to power any
auxiliary dc circuits the user may wish to
have added to the system.
ECM ELECTRICAL CONTROL
MODULE
Battery Condition Meter
This meter indicates the power remaining in
your caravan battery.
PUMP SWITCH & INDICATOR
Included on this panel is a pump isolation
switch and pump running indicator. The
pump isolation switch is used to isolate
power to the water pump in the event of a
pump fault or merely as a safeguard against
unwanted pump operation. The red pump
running indicator will light up as a warning
when the water pump has been activated.
Readings should be taken as follows:
Green region - Fully charged
(no charge necessary
Yellow region - Adequate charge
(re-charge if desired)
Red region
- Low charge
(turn on charger switch
to re-charge)
Electrics
A car/caravan changeover switch is provided
in this module and should be used in the
following way:
Caravan position
When in this position dc power is available
from the caravan battery to power all 12 volt
electric circuits.If the charger is switched ON
the caravan battery will be charged up via
the charger/transformer unit.
Central position
When in this position with the charger switch
ON, power is provided to all 12 volt circuits
via the charger/transformer only.
With the charger OFF all dc circuits are
isolated.
Note: The switch should be placed in this
position when the van is being towed.
Car position
Note: First of all the towing vehicle should
be electrically connected to the caravan via
the 12S socket.
The switch can be placed in this position
should the caravan battery become
discharged and no mains power is available.
BATTERY
It is recommended that a good quality
leisure battery is always in circuit when the
system is in use.
A deep cycling heavy duty 12v battery
should be purchased to provide power for
lights and other electrical appliances. A
proprietary brand leisure battery with either a
60 or 90amp capacity is recommended.
Note: 90 amp batteries and above should be
checked dimensionally before purchasing, to
ensure fitment within the battery
compartment, as brands vary in size.
It should be remembered that batteries
suitable for the electrical demands of a
caravan differ in design from those for use
with a car, and whilst the system may
operate with a car battery it is strongly
recommended that only a leisure type
battery, maintained in good condition is
used. The battery should be kept topped up
at all times.
The battery should be positioned in a
compartment vented to the outside and
should be properly secured.
WARNING: When connecting the battery,
ensure that the correct polarity is
observed (black is negative and red is
positive) and that the terminals are
securely fastened.
Under normal circumstances it should not be
necessary to remove the battery other than
for routine inspection of terminals and
“topping up”.
WARNING: Explosive gases may be
present at the battery. Take care to
prevent flames and sparks in the vicinity.
Your caravan has been fitted with an in-line
fuse between the battery terminal and strip
connector. It is recommended that the fuse
rating fitted in this location does not exceed
20 amps.
WARNING: Switch off all appliances
and lamps before disconnecting the
battery.
Smoking is prohibited around the
battery compartment.
To preserve the life of your leisure battery
and charger please observe the following:
i) Do not leave all 12v lights powered at the
same time as this will drain your leisure
battery more rapidly.
ii) If all 12v lights must be powered together,
ensure the battery is 'in-circuit' i.e.
selector switch in the 'van' position and
that the battery charger is turned on.
iii) For optimum performance use the
transformer/charger unit with a leisure
battery attached.
39
Electrics
SUPPORT SERVICE
PLUG-IN SYSTEMS LIMITED PROVIDE AN
ON-CALL SERVICE FOR WARRANTY OR
NON-WARRANTY REPAIRS.
IF YOU WISH TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF
THIS SERVICE FOR PLUG-IN-SYSTEMS
ONLY
Telephone (01482) 652523 and ask for
PRODUCT SUPPORT SERVICE.
HABITATION RELAY
To conform with European Safety Standards
(EMC) all caravans have been equipped with
a habitation relay.
This relay is actuated when the 12N/12S
plugs are connected to the car’s sockets and
the car ignition is turned on.
The relay automatically isolates all 12V
equipment within the caravan, excluding the
fridge’s 12V power supply, from the car.
GENERATOR GUIDELINES
• Lack of regular servicing can be the
cause of most generator problems,
gensets under 2kW are mainly dependent
on engine speed for output frequency
and voltage, poor or no servicing may
cause the engine speed governor to run
the genset engine too fast. Therefore
frequency and output voltage can rise
above the specification of the machine
data plate i.e. 240v at 50Hz, this may
40
cause damage to electrical/electronic
equipment (such as battery chargers).
• A generator should always be run for a
few minutes prior to connection with the
caravan or motorhome electrics, to allow
it to warm up and the output to settle to a
steady level.
• The AC output of generators is often
derived from an AC alternator, rectified to
DC then inverted back to AC. In essence
this means the output sinewave may not
be very smooth and may not run
sophisticated electronics efficiently. Some
of the new wave of gensets are more
sophisticated in their production of a
sinewave output and are more suited to
run electronic equipment.
• If in doubt consult your genset dealer or
manufacturer for advice.
ESM2000
The ESM2000 electrical Supply Module is a
240 volt ac and 12 volt dc power control
unit. It provides all the necessary features
for control of the electrics in a caravan. The
unit provides the following features:
Mains 240v ac - MAINS MODULE
with EARTH LEAKAGE PROTECTION
OVERCURRENT PROTECTION (RCD)
REVERSE POLARITY INDICATION
12 volt dc - FULLY AUTOMATIC
TRANSFORMER/CHARGER
with OVERCURRENT PROTECTION
SHORT CIRCUIT PROTECTION
- SWITCH & FUSE MODULE
with BATTERY CHANGEOVER SWITCH
CHARGER ON/OFF SWITCH
8 FUSED DC OUTPUT CIRCUITS
UNIT DESCRIPTION
Mains Module
The ESM2000 is designed to operate on a
mains supply of 207-253 volts ac (making it
ideal for use with low continental voltages).
The 40 amp RCD (Residual Current Device)
gives protection against earth faults and also
acts as the main switch. The mains module
also has three MCR's (Miniature Circuit
Breakers) which are basically resetable
mains fuses, to protect against overcurrent.
Allocation of the MCB's is as follows:
MCB1 - SOCKETS/FAN MASTER (if fitted)
MCB2 - CASCADE/LIGHTS (if fitted)
MCB3 - FRIDGE/CHARGER
Using a generator
When using a generator in conjunction with
the ESM2000 the following must be
observed, failure to do so may result in
damage to the unit:
Electrics
i) Always start the generator with the mains
isolator in the caravan turned off.
ii) Allow the generator to warm up for a few
minutes before energising power in the
caravan, as the output voltage can be
higher when cold.
iii) Check the generator output voltage
regularly to ensure it is within the
specification of the ESM2000 system (i.e.
230 volts +/- 10%)
Transformer/Charger
The ESM2000 employs a fully automatic
mains to 12 volt dc transformer and battery
charger, able to operate with a wide range
of input voltages and provide a stable output
voltage even under load. The unit can
provide up to 12 amps maximum, after
which it will begin to shut down to protect
itself.
SWITCH & FUSE MODULE
Car/Van Selector Switch
The car/caravan changeover switch provided
in this module should be used in the
following way:
caravan position - When in this position dc
power is available from the caravan battery
to power all 12 volt electric circuits.
If the charger is switched on, the caravan
battery will be charged up via the
charger/transformer unit.
central position - When in this position with
the charger switch on, power is provided to
all 12 volt circuits via the charger/transformer
only. With the charger off all dc circuits are
isolated.
Note: The switch should be placed in this
position when the van is being towed
car position - The switch can be placed in
this position should be caravan battery
become discharged and no mains power is
available.
Note: First of all the towing vehicle should
be electrically connected to the caravan via
the 12S socket
Charger switch
When the caravan battery requires charging,
press this switch to the on position (it should
then illuminate). Also ensure the Selector
Switch is in the van position
DC Fuses
Eight fuses are provided in this module to
protect all dc circuits, the fuse allocation is
shown below. Fuses must be replaced only
with the specified values.
Fuse 1 - Front roof lighting
Fuse 2 - Rear roof light
Fuse 6 - Fan circuits
Fuse 7 - Water pumps/Water sensor
Fuse 8 - Ignitions
KT9/2000
INDICATOR MODULE
Battery/Water Level meter
(KT9/2000GT only)
This meter indicates the amount of fresh
water remaining in the inboard water tank.
Simply press the test switch to the water
position and the meter will display a level on
the following scale:
Empty - 1⁄4 - 1⁄2 - 3⁄4 - Full
To test battery voltage simply press the test
switch to the battery position, readings
should be taken as shown below.
Battery Condition Meter
(KT9/2000GL/GX only)
This battery condition meter indicates the
power remaining in your caravan battery.
Readings should be taken as follows:
Green region - Fully charged
(no charge necessary)
Fuse 3 - Fanmaster
Yellow region - Adequate charge
(re-charge if desired)
Fuse 4 - Radio
Red region
Fuse 5 - 12v sockets/Hitchlight/TV amp
- Low charge (turn on charger
switch to re-charge)
41
Electrics
Cascade/Pump Indicators
This module provides indicators for the
Cascade water heater fitted in your caravan.
The three indicators show the following:
Green LED
Red LED
Yellow LED
- Heater is switched on
- There has been a heater
fault, probably a low gas
supply
- DC voltage supply is too low
for the heater to operate
Also included in this module is a pump
running indicator. This red indicator will light
up as a warning when the water pump has
been activated.
SWITCH MODULE
This module contains all the control switches
for electrical facilities within the caravan.
12V Isolation Switch
This switch will effectively isolate 12 volt
power to all dc circuits by opening a relay.
This switch should be used only when
wishing to isolate power for reasonably short
periods (e.g. when going out for the day).
For isolation during storage the Car/Van
switch on the ESM2000 unit should be used
(place Car/Van switch to the centre 'off'
position).
Pump switch
This switch merely energises the inboard
water pump ready for use. In caravans with
42
an outboard pump, this switch will be a two
way type for energising whichever pump is
required (i.e. internal or external)
Entry Light switch
This switch energises an internal entry light
Battery/Water test switch
(KT9/2000GT only)
This switch should be pressed to the battery
position to test battery voltage or the water
position to test the water remaining in the
inboard tank.
Water Heater switch
This switch energises the gas ignition on the
Carver water heater. When switched to the
'on' position, the green indicator marked
'heater on' should illuminate and the ignition
should energise.
Factory Settings
Entry Delay
-
0:00 (0 secs)
Exit Delay
-
0:20 (20 secs)
Siren On Time
-
1:00 (1 minute)
Manufacturers
Personal Code
-
1234
Changing the Personal Code
1. Press "F", press "1"
2. Enter the current code. (1234 if new).
3. Enter desired 4 digit code.
4. Press "F".
5. This operation can be cancelled at any
time before step 4 by pressing "C".
Changing the Entry Delay Time
ALARM MODULE - IDM 2000
1. Press "F", press "0".
Important
This handbook should be read through
carefully before any attempt is made to
install and use the system. For case of
understanding it is suggested that this
handbook is read whilst viewing the keypad.
Your alarm system, when new, contains the
manufacturers code 1234. For security
reasons this should be changed as soon as
practical. (See 'Changing the Personal
Code').
2. Enter your personal code.
3. Enter the new entry delay as 3 digits, i.e.
10 seconds is entered 010.
4. Press "F".
5. This operation can be cancelled at any
time before step 3 by pressing "C".
Note: The Entry Delay Time must be as
short as possible to prevent compromising
security.
Electrics
Changing the Exit Delay Time
1. Press "F", press "2".
2. Enter your personal code.
3. Enter the new exit delay as 3 digits, i.e.
20 seconds is entered 020, 1 minute is
100. (Please note the maximum time
allowed is 4 minutes i.e. 400).
4. Press "F".
5. This operation can be cancelled at any
time before step 3 by press "C".
Changing the Siren-on Time
1. Press "F", press "3".
2. Enter your personal code.
3. Enter the preferred time as 3 digits, i.e.
2 minutes is entered 200. (Please note
the maximum time allowed is 4 minutes,
i.e. 400).
4. Press "F".
5. This operation can be cancelled at any
time before step 3 by pressing "C".
Setting up the Tilt Sensor
The tilt sensor is not adjustable and requires
the caravan to be reasonably level. If the Tilt
Sensor is active, one of the Tilt Sensor
Indicators will illuminate on the keypad.
Adjust the level of the van until the light goes
off.
Arming the System
If you are in the PIR's sight, then it is
possible that when arming the system, any
movement detected by the PIR will deselect
the PIR channel. To avoid deselecting the
PIR accidentally please ensure that you
remain perfectly still when arming the
system. This is very important when the
keypad is sited within the PIR coverage area.
1. Enter the personal code, the indicators
for all available sensors will light (IF a
sensor indicator fails to light, see
"TROUBLESHOOTING").
2. To Disable any sensors not required,
press the relevant key, i.e. 1 for PIR, 2 for
tilt, 3 for tow sensor. Repeated pressing
will select (light comes on) and disable
(light goes off) the relevant sensor.
3. Press "F". The exit delay will begin, 1
pulse per second.
4. 2 short bursts on the siren will be heard
at the end of the exit delay. This confirms
the system is armed.
5. This operation can be cancelled at any
time before step 4 by pressing "C".
Disarming the System
1. Enter your personal code. (This is the
only way to disarm the system).
3. If a sensor has been activated then the
corresponding light on the keypad will
flash five times. However, if the system
had been continuously active for 20
minutes or more (and subsequently reset)
there will be a random flashing of
indicators proceeding the display of the
sensor(s) responsible.
Note: When the siren is active there is no
limit on key entries. When the siren is
inactive a maximum of 16 key entries are
allowed. If 16 key entries are exceeded then
the system will not accept any more entries
until the siren is activated.
Memory Recall
This enables the user to tell if any sensors
were active during the previous armed state.
1. Press "F", press "5", watch the
indicators.
2. If all indicators flash twice the system has
been quiet.
3. If any indicator flashes 5 times, the
corresponding sensor has been active.
4. A random flashing of indicators followed
by 5 flashes for sensor(s) means that the
system has had to reset (i.e. disarm itself)
due to the siren being active for 20
minutes.
2. If the system has been inactive all
indicators will flash twice on the keypad.
43
Electrics
Testing
A time limit of 2 minutes is imposed when in
the test modes described. After this time
the system will return to standby. This is to
preserve battery power.
Checking the Battery Life
Battery Life (between recharges) is eight
months maximum. NEVER allow the battery
to completely discharge. Regular battery life
checks are strongly recommended.
1. Press "F", press "4".
2. A number of pulses will be heard; 1 pulse
= 1 month, 3 pulses = 3 months etc up to
a maximum of 8 pulses. If, however, a
random flashing of indicators occurs, this
indicates that the battery is in need of
immediate charging.
Testing the PIR
Troubleshooting
1. Press "F", press "6".
1. When attempting to arm, on entering the
personal code, sensor lights do not
illuminate - The code entered is incorrect,
or all sensors are active. Check the tow
vehicle is attached, that there is no-one in
the PIR's field of vision, connections to
the PIR are good and that the caravan is
level.
2. Walk in front of the PIR. The light on the
keypad marked PIR will illuminate five
times, and give an audible signal.
Testing the Siren
1. Press "F", press "7".
2. The siren will sound. Press "C" to stop
the siren.
Testing the Tow Sensor
The towing vehicle must be connected to the
caravan via the 12S plug before this test can
be carried out. This sequence also assumes
that the towing vehicle is correctly wired.
1. Press "F", press "9".
3. If the battery is low, connect the battery
charger via the socket on the main
control box. This will be located under
the front offside bed-box. Battery
charging should be complete within 24
hours (for a fully discharged battery).
2. The "FNC" light on the keypad will stay
on.
Please note
Testing the Tilt Sensor
i) avoid charging battery while the system is
armed.
1. Press "F", press "9".
ii) reading the battery status whilst charging
the battery will give a false indication of
battery life, please wait 15 minutes after
charging battery before taking a reading.
44
3. Disconnect the car from the caravan.
The siren will emit a short burst followed
by five flashes on the keypad sensor
indicator, and give an audible signal.
2. Adjust the level or move the caravan until
one of the Tilt Sensor Indicators on the
keypad illuminates and gives an audible
signal.
3. Press "C".
2. The tilt sensor light does not illuminate on
arming - The tilt sensor is active. (Press
"C" to cancel then refer to section
'Setting up the Tilt Sensor').
3. The tow sensor light does not illuminate
on arming - The 12S (grey) socket on the
towing vehicle must be correctly wired.
Assuming this is the case then the vehicle
may have been disconnected from the
caravan (e.g. when on sit).
4. The PIR sensor light does not illuminate
on arming - Ensure no-one is in the PIR's
field of view, including the person who is
arming the system. Move everyone
outside the PIR's field of view and press
"1". If the PIR indicator still does not light
then check PIR connections.
5. On disarming the system the sensor
indicators do not light - An incorrect
personal code has been entered.
6. If you are unable to resolve your problem
please contact Plug-In-Systems Product
Electrics
Support Department; Tel: 01482 659309.
Clearing the System back to
Manufacturers Settings
If for any reason you wish to set the
IDM2000 back to its factory settings then the
following procedure should be used:
1. Press "F", keep finger on the "F" key until
5 bursts are heard from the keypad
buzzer. The IDM2000 has now reverted
to factory settings.
This can only be done when the system is
disarmed.
The Noise Pollution Act
If the alarm is activated continuously for 20
minutes, the system will shut down. This
effectively disarms the system. This is a
requirement of the Noise Pollution Act.
Dimensions
Height
Width
Depth
193mm
102mm
210mm (max)
Weight
2.28Kg
PRODUCT SUPPORT
Plug-In-Systems Ltd offer the customer an
On-Site Service, available for both Warranty
and Non-Warranty repairs (on the CEC and
Plug-In-Systems range of equipment only).
If you would like to take advantage of this
service then please ring Plug-In-Systems
(direct) on:
HULL (01482) 659309
and ask for PRODUCT SUPPORT
Plug-In-Systems reserve the right to change
product specification at any time without
prior notice.
SPECIFICATION
Mains Input
230 volts +/- 10% ~ ac
Frequency
50Hz
Output voltage
13.8 volts DC
Output current
12 amps (max)
Battery
recommended
Re-chargeable lead-acid
12 volt battery, 6 cells,
leisure type, 44 amperehours minimum
45
Electrics
12 VOLT ELECTRICAL SUPPLY
WIRING OF 12S SOCKET TO TOWING VEHICLE
If your car is fitted with the appropriate relay,
please note the following points:
1. The caravan battery will be charged by the
car charging system independently of the
distribution panel.
2. If the caravan battery level is “low”, power
for the caravan 12 volt system can be
obtained from the car battery, by
connecting the 12S (grey) plug to the car,
and setting the distribution panel selector
switch to “car”. This will draw power from
the car battery and care should be taken
not to reduce the level of the car battery
so low that the car engine cannot be
started. (The battery level indicator in the
caravan distribution panel will show the
condition of the car battery in these
circumstances).
3. When the car and caravan are connected
through the 12N and 12S plugs and the
car engine is running, 12 volt power will
be supplied to the refrigerator, provided
the refrigerator selector switch is set to
the 12v position, regardless of the
position of the distribution panel selector
switch.
4. If an extension lead from the 12S socket
on a towing vehicle to the 7-core
connecting cable is used while a caravan
is parked on a caravan pitch, its length
46
Note:
If using a combination relay, ensure the supply fuse is the correct amperage. A lower rating
will ‘blow’ causing `e, if switched on, to be connected directly to the caravan battery. While
towing, the caravan battery will be discharged instead of being charged.
should be kept to a minimum and not
exceed 5 metres. The minimum cross
sectional area of the supply and return
leads in the extension cable should be
2.5mm2.
FITTED
EQUIPMENT
Whale Water Pump ................................................................. 48
Shurflo Water Pump ............................................................... 48
Cascade 2GE Water Heater .................................................. 48
Refrigerator ............................................................................. 50
Model RM4200 & RM4230 .................................................. 50
Model RM4271 ..................................................................... 51
Model RM4291 ..................................................................... 52
Travel Catch ......................................................................... 54
Stoves Hobs, Grills & Ovens ................................................. 54
The Hob ............................................................................... 54
The Grill ..................................................................................55
The Oven ................................................................................55
Cleaning .................................................................................56
Carver Space Heaters ............................................................ 58
Carver 2000P, 2000A & Fanmaster ........................................58
Carver 5500 Turbo Fanmaster ...............................................61
Fanmaster ..............................................................................61
Primus AQWE6 (Aquaflex) Heating System ......................... 63
Programmable Heating Timer ...............................................67
Thetford Cassette Porta Potti ............................................... 71
Thetford Cassette C-200 CW & C-200 CE ............................74
Thetford Cassette C-200 S ....................................................78
Beds ......................................................................................... 82
Cassette Blinds & Flyscreens ............................................... 85
Doorscreen ............................................................................. 85
Roof Lights, Windows and Air Conditioning ........................ 86
Ash Framed Doors ................................................................. 87
Shower .................................................................................... 87
Tables ...................................................................................... 88
Fixing of Awnings ................................................................... 89
Fitted Equipment
Equipment Specification
For details on type of equipment fitted in
your caravan, please refer to the Sales
Brochure or Dealer.
Before switching on the gas burner or the
mains immersion heater make sure that water
flows from the hot taps. This indicates that
the water heater is full.
IMPORTANT
To maximise the use and life of all fitted
equipment in your caravan it is essential that
any accompanying manufacturers’ literature
is read fully. All recommended maintenance
and preparation procedures should be
followed. The information provided in this
handbook is only intended as a guide. If in
any doubt consult your manufacturer
appointed dealer, particularly before
attempting to install EXTRA EQUIPMENT.
TO OPERATE THE HEATER ON GAS
1. Close the window near the Cascade cowl
when the heater is running on gas.
2. Check that the 12 volt supply is
connected and switched on. DO NOT use
a battery charger as the only source of
supply.
3. To light the heater, press the ON button.
A continuous green light indicates that
the heater is working satisfactorily.
4. To switch the heater OFF press the OFF
button.
Fig. A
GREEN
YELLOW
RED
WHALE WATER PUMP
The Whale pump is a non self priming
intermittently rated centrifugal pump which
draws approximately two amperes from a 12
volt battery and therefore maximum
continuous operation should not exceed 15
minutes.
The pump should not be run without water
and should not be used to pump water of a
temperature above 60°C.
SHURFLO WATER PUMP
Fresh water is supplied to the caravan by a
Shurflo pump. This pump is a completely
sealed unit designed for intermittent use and
is self-priming.
48
Light Indication
Green. The heater is working satisfactorily.
Fig. B
CASCADE 2 GE RAPIDE WATER
HEATER
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
The gas side of the Cascade 2 GE Rapide
Water Heater is operated by the controller on
the integrated control panel (Fig. A) except
for models with the separate control panels
which are operated from the wall switch
(Fig. B).
Green & Yellow. The DC voltage is below the
10.5 volts that is required to operate the
heater. Recharge the battery.
Green & Red. The heater has failed to ignite
or that the heater has gone to safety shut
down. This is usually due to failure of the gas
supply or air in the gas system after fitting a
new cylinder. Switch the heater off and WAIT
3 MINUTES before attempting to relight the
heater. If air in the gas system is the problem
several attempts may be necessary before
the heater ignites.
Fitted Equipment
Temperature and adjustment
The thermostat cannot be adjusted and is
pre-set to approximately 70°C.
To fast drain the system:
1. Park the caravan on level ground.
FAST
DRAIN
2. Ensure that the gas and electricity are
turned off.
Water heaters (as with all other gas
appliances) should be switched off and the
gas cylinders turned off when the caravan is
in motion.
3. Open all hot and cold taps and shower
heads if fitted.
4. Remove drain plug and store in safe place
in caravan (e.g. kitchen sink).
TO OPERATE THE HEATER ON MAINS
ELECTRICITY
Ensure that the caravan is connected to the
site mains and the supply is adequate. (The
immersion heater uses approximately 3.75
amps.)
5. Using a flat bladed screwdriver, turn the
fast drain 90°.
DRAIN
PLUG
1. Switch on the isolation switch. If it is the
illuminated type, the light should indicate
that the heater is working.
Remember that at least 9 litres (2 gallons) of
water should drain from the system.
2. To switch OFF, switch off the isolation
switch.
Over Temperature
Important: If the mains electrical supply to
the heater is switched on but the heater is
not working, the over temperature thermostat
may have operated.
This can be due to:
1) Switching the heater on without water in
the tank. Always check that the heater is
full of water before switching on.
2) Failure of the normal operating
thermostat. Manually reset the over
temperature thermostat by pressing the
button in the centre of the electrical
The water system will now drain - this is
likely to take 5 minutes.
connection box. If the operating
thermostat has failed the over
temperature thermostat will again trip out.
If this occurs DO NOT USE THE
IMMERSION HEATER and consult your
Carver Dealer.
FROST PRECAUTIONS
IMPORTANT:
During periods when the heater is likely to
freeze (e.g. when the caravan is stored during
the winter) it MUST be drained down to
prevent damage.
At the start of the season insert the drain
plug and sterilise the system by using a
sterilising fluid, e.g. Chempro SDP or similar.
DO NOT USE DOMESTIC BLEACH,
CAMDEN TABLETS OR SODIUM
METASULPHIDE.
If a filter is fitted it is recommended to
replace it at the start of the season.
TO RECOMMISSION THE HEATER
Close cold taps and drain plug and
reconnect the pump. Let the system fill with
water until water flows steadily from the hot
taps. About two gallons of water will be
required. Once the hot taps are flowing freely
close them and switch on the Cascade 2 GE
heater.
49
Fitted Equipment
A
B
C
D
E
5. Check the flame viewer (located bottom
left of refrigerator) to see if the flame is
alight.
6. Keep the safety device control knob
depressed for a further 15-30 seconds.
7. Release the safety device control knob
and again check to see that the flame is
alight.
Fig. A Control Panel - RM4200 & RM4230
8. To terminate gas operation, turn knob (D)
to ‘O’.
ELECTRIC OPERATION
REFRIGERATOR
When using your refrigerator for the first time,
it is advisable to wash the interior and its
accessories.
When the caravan is on tow, the refrigerator
should be operated electrically, i.e. from the
12V battery in the towing vehicle, and not by
means of bottled gas.
CONTROLS
The refrigerator can be run on either 240V,
12V or LP gas. Changing between these
modes of operation is carried out by means
of the controls shown on the relevant control
panel.
Caution!
Only use one source of energy at a time.
50
MODEL RM4200 AND RM4230
240V Operation
Bottled Gas Operation - Lighting the
burner
1. Turn off gas or 12V operation when
applicable.
1. Open the shut-off valve of the gas bottle
(check that there is enough gas). Open
any on-board shut-off valve.
2. Turn the knob (C) of the thermostat to its
highest (coldest) position.
2. Check that the switches for mains and
12V are off.
12V Operation
3. Depress and turn on the gas control
safety device knob (D) to the large flame
symbol.
4. Depress the gas control safety device
knob (D) and hold it down while
depressing the piezo-electric igniter
button (E) rapidly 3 or 4 times in quick
succession.
3. Set switch (B) to position I.
There is no thermostat control on 12V
operation.
Only operate your refrigerator on 12V when
the engine of your vehicle is running.
Note: Before operating the refrigerator on
12V it should be pre-cooled, together with
its contents, by running it on bottled gas
or 240V for a few hours before changing
over to 12V and starting on a journey.
Fitted Equipment
1. If applicable, turn off the gas operation.
MODEL RM4271
2. Set the 240V rocker switch (B) to ‘O’ and
the 12V rocker switch (A) to 1.
Two rocker switches are used to select the
electric power supply, one for 240V (B) and
one for 12V (A) (See Fig. B).
Regulating the temperature
Once the refrigerator has been started it will
take a few hours to become cold.
On 240V operation the refrigerator is
controlled by a thermostat and the
thermostat knob (C) should be set at 3. If a
colder temperature is required, set the
thermostat to a higher number and vice
versa.
On LP gas operation the refrigerator
temperature is regulated by the gas control
knob (D). If the ambient temperature is above
25°C and/or the door of the refrigerator is
frequently opened, the knob should be set in
the ‘max’ position. Below 25°C, the knob
should be set at ‘mid’ and below 10°C at
‘min’ to avoid temperatures below freezing in
the main compartment.
C
D
E
Refrigerator temperature is controlled by a
thermostat knob (C) when the refrigerator
runs on 240V.
The gas supply is turned ON/OFF by means
of the knob (D). When lighting the gas, the
knob must be pressed as explained in LP
Gas Operation.
Refrigerator temperature is controlled by a
thermostat (E) when the refrigerator runs on
LP gas. Please note that the thermostat has
no ‘OFF’ position.
The gas flame is electronically lit, monitored
and re-lit if necessary. For this, the toggle
switch (F) should be ‘ON’ during gas
operation.
STARTING THE REFRIGERATOR
A B
F
Fig. B Control Panel - RM4271
4. Set the thermostat knob (E) to the highest
setting.
5. Turn on switch (F). A light in the switch
should now start to flash, indicating that
sparks are being generated at the burner.
6. Press button (D). This opens the flame
failure device and allows gas to flow to
the burner.
LP Gas Operation
Before you start gas operation:
7. When the flame ignites, the sparking
stops automatically and the switch stops
flashing.
1. Open the shut-off valve of the gas bottle
(check that there is enough gas). Open
any on-board shut-off valve.
8. Keep the knob (D) pressed for a further 10
to 15 seconds to activate the flame failure
device, then release it.
2. Check that the switches for mains and
12V operation are off.
3. Turn on gas supply by pressing knob (D)
and turning it to the flame position.
51
Fitted Equipment
240V Operation
1. Turn off gas or 12V operation when
applicable.
2. Turn the knob (C) of the thermostat to its
highest (coldest) position.
3. Set switch (B) to position I. The switch will
light up green when the power supply is
connected.
12V Operation
Only operate your refrigerator on 12V when
the engine of your vehicle is running. Install
through a relay, otherwise your battery will
soon be discharged.
Note: Before operating the refrigerator on
12V, it should be pre-cooled, together with its
contents, by running it on bottled gas or
240V for a few hours before changing over to
12V and starting on a journey.
1. If applicable turn off the gas operation.
2. Set the 12V rocker switch (A) to I. The
switch will light up red when the power
supply is connected.
REGULATING THE TEMPERATURE
The position numbers refer to Fig. B.
Once the refrigerator has been started it will
take a few hours to become cold.
On 240V operation the refrigerator is
controlled by a thermostat and the
thermostat knob (C) should be set at 3-5. If a
52
lower (colder) temperature is desired, set the
thermostat to a higher figure.
C
D
E
On LP gas operation the refrigerator
temperataure is regulated by the gas
thermostat knob (E), which should be set at
3-5. If a lower (colder) temperature is desired,
set the thermostat at a higher figure.
On 12V operation the refrigerator works
continuously.
A B
F
Fig. C Control Panel - RM4291
MODEL RM4291 (86 litres)
Two rocker switches are used to select the
electric power supply, one for 12V (A) and
one for 240V (B) (see Fig. C).
Refrigerator temperature is controlled by a
thermostat knob (C) when the refrigerator
runs on 240V.
The refrigerator runs continuously on 12V
operation (no thermostat).
The gas supply is turned ON/OFF by means
of the knob (D). When lighting the gas, the
knob must be pressed as explained in LP
Gas Operation.
Refrigerator temperature is controlled by a
thermostat (D) when the refrigerator runs on
LP gas.
Fitted Equipment
The gas flame is electronically lit, monitored
and re-lit if necessary. For this, the toggle
switch (E) should be ‘ON’ during gas
operation.
The RM4291 is fitted with an internal light
which is operated by the door.
STARTING THE REFRIGERATOR
LP Gas Operation
Before you start gas operation:
1. Open the shut-off valve of the gas bottle
(check that there is enough gas). Open
any on-board shut-off valve.
2. Check that the switches for mains and
12V operation are OFF.
3. Turn on gas supply by pressing knob (D)
and turning it to the highest flame
position.
4. Press ON switch (E). A light in the switch
should now start to flash, indicating that
sparks are being generated at the burner.
5. When the flame ignites, the sparking
stops automatically and the switch stops
flashing.
6. Keep the knob (D) pressed for a further
10 to 15 seconds to activate the flame
failure device, then release it.
240V Operation
1. Turn off gas or 12V operation when
applicable.
2. Turn the knob (C) of the thermostat to its
highest (coldest) position.
3. Set switch (B) to position I. The switch
will light up green when the power supply
is connected.
12V Operation
Only operate your refrigerator on 12V when
the engine of your vehicle is running. Install
through a relay, otherwise your battery will
soon be discharged.
Note: Before operating the refrigerator on
12V, it should be pre-cooled, together with
its contents, by running it on bottled gas or
240V for a few hours before changing over
to 12V and starting on a journey.
1. If applicable turn off the gas operation.
2. Set the 12V rocker switch (A) to I. The
switch will light up red when the power
supply is connected.
REGULATING THE TEMPERATURE
The position numbers refer to Fig. A.
Once the refrigerator has been started it will
take a few hours to become cold.
On 240V operation the refrigerator is
controlled by a thermostat and the
thermostat knob (C) should be set at 3-5.
If a lower (colder) temperature is desired,
set the thermostat to a higher figure.
On LP gas operation the refrigerator
temperature is regulated by the gas
thermostat knob (D), which should be set at
the medium ‘flame’ position. If a lower
(colder) temperature is desired, set the
thermostat to the larger ‘flame’ position.
On 12V operation the refrigerator works
continuously.
WINTER OPERATION (ALL MODELS)
Please check that ventilation grilles or the
flue outlet are not blocked.
Ventilation grille covers are available from
Electrolux and can be fitted to protect the
unit against very cold air. These covers
should be fitted when the temperature is
below 10°C and when the caravan is laid
up during winter months.
7. To terminate gas operation turn knob (D)
to the ‘•’ position and put switch (E) to
the OFF position.
53
Fitted Equipment
WARNING: When you are cooking it is
essential to provide additional ventilation
such as opening windows near the grill,
cooker and oven (EN 721).
STOVES HOBS, GRILLS AND
OVENS
THE HOB
Caution:
• Do not use foil on the hob, as it creates a
fire hazard
Travel Catch
TRAVEL CATCH
All models are fitted with a travel catch to
keep the refrigerator door securely closed
when the vehicle is on the move.
Remember always to push the catch down,
so that its lower end fully engages the plastic
bush in the top of the door, before moving
off.
FURTHER DETAILS
Consult the accompanying literature to obtain
the full benefit of your Electrolux Refrigerator.
In the event of failure, contact Electrolux
Service. Details of which can be found in
your Yellow Pages Directory.
54
Stoves Hob
• Glass lids may shatter when heated, turn
off all burners before shutting the lid
• Note: When positioning the pan support,
ensure that the fingers are central to the
burners (Fig 1).
Always use the most appropriate size of
burner for the pan you wish to use. Use
pans with a flat base of minimum 100mm/4
ins diameter, and maximum 200mm/8 ins
diameter, which are stable in use. Avoid old
or misshapen pans as these may cause
instability.
Important: Any spillage of liquid should be
cleaned away immediately to reduce the risk
of fluid entering the appliance.
Ignition - Push in the control knob and turn
anticlockwise to the large flame symbol.
Keep the knob depressed, and press the
Stoves Hob
ignition button (if fitted), or use a hand held
spark ignitor or gas lighter. The knob must
be held in for 15-20 seconds before
releasing.
Fitted Equipment
spark ignitor or gas lighter. The knob must
be held in for 15-20 seconds before
releasing.
Detachable grill handle (if supplied)
Place the handle (shield uppermost) over the
edge of the grill pan at the recess and slide
along to position centrally between the two
locator bumps. To remove the handle, place
the grill pan down, and lift the handle slightly
as you slide it along the recess.
Using the grill
Push in the grill pan until it locates centrally
under the grill burner
THE GRILL
There are three different grilling positions as
the trivet can be inverted to give a high or
low position or it may be removed.
• Note: The door must be open when the
grill is used.
1. The high trivet position is suitable for
toasting bread.
• Caution: When the grill is being used,
accessible parts may be hot; young
children should be kept away.
2. The low trivet position is suitable for
grilling all types of meat.
• Never cover the grill pan or grid with
cooking foil, or allow fat to build up in the
grill pan as this creates a fire hazard.
• Keep all flammable material away from the
appliance.
To light the grill
Push in the control knob and turn
anticlockwise to the large flame symbol.
Keep the knob depressed, and press the
ignition button (if fitted), or use a hand held
3. With the trivet removed the food is placed
directly on the base of the grill pan, eg;
when cooking dishes such as whole fish.
Always preheat the grill for 3 minutes for
best results.
When you have finished grilling, check the
control knob is in the off position
THE OVEN
• Caution: When you are cooking, keep
children away from the vicinity of the
oven.
• Important: A safety device stops the
ignition being used when the oven door is
closed.
• Do no use foil on the oven shelves as this
creates a fire hazard, and can hinder
circulation of heat.
• Keep all flammable material away from
the appliance.
55
Fitted Equipment
Preheating
The oven must be preheated for 10 minutes
when reheating frozen or chilled food, and
we recommend preheating for all yeast
mixtures, batters, soufflÈs and whisked
sponges.
Using the oven
The shelf positions in the oven can be
altered. If you prefer darker cooked results,
cook on a higher shelf. For paler results use
a lower shelf.
To light the oven
1. Open the oven door and turn the control
knob anticlockwise to the required gas
mark. Push in and hold in the control
knob, and either press the ignition button
(if fitted) or use a hand held spark ignitor
or gas lighter.
2. Once the burner has lit, close the oven
door and hold the knob in for 15-20
seconds.
3. If the flame goes out, the flame sensing
device cuts off the gas supply to the
burner. To light the oven again, wait for 3
minutes then repeat the above procedure.
To turn off - Push in the control knob and
turn clockwise.
56
The cake tray and roasting tin that are
supplied with this appliance are the largest
which can be used for good results and even
baking. Extra shelves, tins or trays can be
ordered from your supplier.
Place food items on the tray and position the
tray on the centre of the shelf, leaving one
clear shelf position between shelves to allow
for circulation of air.
and could invalidate your guarantee.
Do not use caustic pastes, abrasive cleaning
powders, coarse wire wool or any hard
implements as they will damage the
surfaces.
All parts of the appliance can be safely
cleaned with a cloth wrung out in hot soapy
water.
Burner caps and heads
Important: Allow burners to cool before
cleaning.
Caution: Hotplate burners can be damaged
by soaking, automatic dishwashers (or
dishwater powders/liquids), caustic pastes,
hard implements, coarse wire wool and
abrasive cleaning pastes.
CLEANING
For the burners to work safely, the slots in
the burner head, where the flames burn,
need to be kept clear of deposit. Clean with
a nylon brush, rinse and dry thoroughly.
Caution: Any cleaning agent used
incorrectly may damage the appliance.
Clean with a mild cream cleaner eg; Jif, or
use a moist soapy Brillo pad.
Always let the appliance cool before
cleaning.
Note: Fixed burners (if fitted): Some versions
incorporate fixed burners. These burners are
secured to the hob with 2 screws. Fixed
burners must be cleaned whilst in position.
Make sure that the gap between the burner
and the hotplate does not become blocked
with grease.
Some cooking operations generate a
considerable amount of grease. This
combined with spillage can become a hazard
if allowed to accumulate on the appliance
through lack of cleaning. In extreme cases
this may amount to misuse of the appliance
Fitted Equipment
Glass parts (if fitted)
Some foods are corrosive, eg; vinegar, fruit
juices and salt, and they can mark or
damage stainless steel if they are left on the
surface for any length of time. Wipe any
spillage immediately.
DOOR PANELS, FACIA PANEL,
HOTPLATE LID
Do not use abrasive cleaners or polishes.
Use a mild cream cleaner, eg; Jif. Rinse
thoroughly and dry with a soft cloth.
Sharp objects can mark the surface of
stainless steel but will become less
noticeable with time.
The inner door glass panel can be removed
for cleaning; open the door wide, hold the
bottom and top edges and slide out. When
replacing the glass panel, hold it level and
straight with the grooves in the door trims
before sliding back in.
Painted, plastic and gold coloured parts
DOOR FRAME & HANDLES, CONTROL
KNOBS
Only use a clean cloth wrung out in hot
soapy water.
Vitreous enamel parts
GRILL PAN, HEATGUARD, OVEN/GRILL
COMPARTMENT(S), HOB SPILLAGE WELL,
PAN SUPPORTS
Use a mild cream cleaner. Look for one that
has the Vitreous Enamel Council's
recommendation seal, eg; Jif.
Fig. 1 Chrome Plated Parts
Chrome plated parts (Fig 1)
GRILL GRID, SHELVES, SHELF RUNNERS
Do no use abrasives or polishes. Use a
moist soap pad, eg; Brillo. Shelf runners can
be removed for cleaning. Grasp the runners
and slide out of the hanging holes as shown
in fig 1.
Stainless steel surfaces
(stainless steel models only)
Only use a clean cloth wrung out in hop
soapy water, and dry with a soft cloth. Do
not use undiluted bleach or any products
containing chlorides as they can permanently
damage the steel.
57
Fitted Equipment
heater MUST NOT be used if the flue has
been damaged.
• The Carver 2000 and 5500 range of
heaters MUST NOT be used while the
vehicle is in motion.
CARVER SPACE HEATERS
Please read these cautions before using
your heater.
In the event of a gas leak, immediately
turn off all appliances and the gas supply
at the cylinder. Contact your nearest
approved service agent without delay.
• The gas supply to the heater must be
from an approved pressure regulator of
adequate capacity. Under NO
circumstances should an industrial or
adjustable regulator be used on caravans.
• The heater must not be operated while
refuelling or when the vehicle is in a
confined space such as a garage. The
58
• The products of combustion pass through
the vehicle floor and requires unrestricted
air entry beneath the vehicle into which it
is fitted. A minimum of 3 sides of the
vehicle MUST be exposed at all times.
This is to allow for dispersal of the
underfloor combustion products. If there
is a possibility of the sides becoming
blocked by snow or mud, then the heater
MUST NOT be used. Every effort must be
made to clear obstructions before use.
• There MUST NOT be a mantelpiece or
shelving sited above the heater.
• Curtains MUST NOT hang within 150mm
of the sides of the heater, or within
300mm above the top of the appliance.
• DO NOT place furniture or upholstery
closer than 5mm to the sides of the
heater.
• Where children, the elderly or infirm are
present, we recommend that a guard be
fitted around the heater when in use.
• Always wait three minutes before
attempting to relight the heater after
switching off or the heater going in to fail
safe shut down.
• DO NOT obstruct the gap at the bottom
of the heater or the outlet grille slots.
• This heater does not contain any
asbestos or asbestos related products.
• Aerosols and highly inflammable materials
MUST NOT be stored in compartments
behind or adjacent to the heater.
• These heaters must be switched off and
the gas supply turned off while the
vehicle is in motion.
• When the heater is first used, it is
recommended that you open a window or
door and turn the temperature setting to
maximum for one hour. This will allow any
odours when first using the appliance to
escape. Note: If odours persist, contact
your local distributor.
CARVER 2000P, 2000A and FANMASTER
To Light and Adjust the Heater - Gas
Operation
1. Ensure the gas is turned on at the
cylinder.
2. Lighting the Heater:
2000P, and 2000 Fanmaster
Press the control knob (3) down and turn
to the ‘LOW/ ’ position (4) and then
press firmly downwards. A click will be
heard as the igniter operates, to light the
heater. If a gas cylinder has been
replaced, it may require several
operations of the igniter to light the flame.
Fitted Equipment
(2000A and Fanmasters with this ignition
device), the continuous ticking of the
spark generator will be heard until turned
off.
4
Fig. 1
3
5
1
2
3
4
5
OFF
INDICATOR LIGHT
GAS CONTROL KNOB
LOW/IGNITION
HIGH
2
1
Observe through the viewing windows on
the lower half of the front case, that the
burner lights.
2000A and 2000 Fanmaster
(12V ‘Auto’ Ignition)
As above turn to the ‘ ’ position and
press firmly down. A continuous ticking
will be heard, as the spark generator is
actuated. An indicator light (2) built into
the control knob will light up when the
flame is lit.
3. Continue to hold the knob down for 20
seconds and release. The flame
supervision device will now have been
actuated. The knob can now be released
and adjusted to the desired setting as
marked on the heater top panel.
4. If the burner is extinguished for any
reason, or fails to remain alight, the heater
will shut down to a safe condition. In the
case of the 12V ‘Auto’ ignition models
5. To turn off the heater at any time, turn the
knob to the ‘O’ (1) position.
6. Wait for at least 3 minutes, after shut
down, before attempting to relight these
heaters.
Electric Heating - Fanmaster models only
Cautions:
• Read the operating instructions before
using the Fanmaster.
• Read the operating instructions for the
Carver gas heater before using it in
conjunction with the Fanmaster.
• One or more duct outlets must be open
whilst the Fanmaster is in use.
• The 230V external supply to the vehicle
must be disconnected before the caravan
is towed.
General Description
The Fanmaster is an automatically controlled
fan designed to distribute warm air around
the caravan via ducting.
All of the functions of the 2000 Fanmaster
are controlled independently of the gas
control - by front case slide switches when
right-hand build is installed (Fig. 1), or by
wall-mounted control panel for a left-hand
installation (Fig. 2) .
Fig. 2
The air is heated either by the Fanmaster’s
own electric element or by the Carver gas
fired heater. Both the Carver gas heater and
the Fanmaster can be used at the same time
providing the fan is in operation.
The built-in elements are automatically or
manually switchable between 0, 1kW and
2kW and require a 230V AC mains supply
drawing a maximum of 8 amps at 2kW. The
fan requires a 12V DC supply and will take
1.5A at maximum speed.
59
Fitted Equipment
When using electric heating the caravan
temperature is regulated by the thermostat
mounted at the top of the installation box but
when using the gas heating the temperature
is controlled by the gas heater thermostat.
The night setting is a 1kW convector heater
setting. In the summer the fan may be
operated without any heat input to distribute
cool air.
The Fanmaster has an air deflector allowing
the majority of air to be directed down one
fan outlet. For example, down the longest
ducting run. This may have been preset on
installation.
The duct outlets are generally of the butterfly
type and may be opened or closed by
adjusting the butterfly valves. Twisting the
disc in its housing directs the flow in the
direction required. One outlet on each leg of
the duct layout must be kept open.
Servicing
In order to ensure that your heater continues
to operate effectively, you will need to
arrange for it to be serviced at least once a
year by a competent and trained service
engineer. By law no one is permitted to deal
with the installation and servicing of gas
appliances unless they have proven
competence. Contact your nearest
authorised caravan distributor if service or
repair is required.
60
FANMASTER CONTROLLER OPERATIONS - SLIDE SWITCH ON HEATER TOP
(R.H. INSTALLATION)
POSITION
OPERATION (without gas)
0
Off
OPERATION (with gas)
Gas convector
Blown hot air distribution
1
Manual fan speed - Temperature
slider governs the fan speed.
For cool air distribution.
2
1kW electric convector heating,
no fan. Temperature slider
selects desired room temperature
Electric and Gas convection, but a high gas
heater output will inhibit the electric heating
to maintain safe operating temperatures.
3
1kW electric fan heating,
fan remains slow.
Electric and Gas blown distribution. Fan
speed adjusts automatically based on
outlet temperature.
4
2kW electric fan heating. Fan
automatically adjusts speed to suit.
Electric and gas blown distribution. Fan
speed adjusts automatically.
FANMASTER CONTROLLER OPERATIONS - WALLSWITCH CONTROL
(L.H. INSTALLATION)
POSITION
OPERATION (without gas)
OPERATION (with gas)
0
Off
Gas convector
Blown hot air distribution
1
Manual fan speed - Wall switch
knob governs the fan speed.
For cool air distribution.
2
Automatic fan speed, temperature
of heater governs fan speed.
Blown hot air distribution with automatic
fan speed control.
3
1kW electric convector heating, no
fan. Wall switch knob selects
desired room temperature.
Electric and Gas blown distribution. Fan
speed adjusts automatically based on
outlet temperature.
4
1kW electric fan heating, fan
remains slow.
Electric and gas blown distribution. Fan
speed adjusts automatically.
5
2kW electric fan heating. Fan
automatically adjusts speed to suit.
Fitted Equipment
CARVER 5500 Turbo Fanmaster
Space Heater
6
FANMASTER
5
Read the cautionary notes for the Carver
Space Heaters before using your heater.
7
Before Lighting the heater
Ensure the gas is turned on at the cylinder.
Lighting the Heater (Fig. 3)
For the auto ignition press the control knob
(4) down and rotate to the ‘ ’ position (2),
maintaining downwards pressure. The igniter
will be heard to operate with a continuous
‘ticking’ noise. On ignition the control knob
indicator (3) will illuminate to show that a
flame is present.
After the burner has lit, continue to hold
down the control knob for a further 10
seconds. Release the control knob and the
indicator should remain illuminated to show
that the burner has remained alight.
For the Piezo ignition, press the control knob
(4) down and rotate to the ‘ ’ position (2),
maintaining downwards pressure. Press the
ignition button (7). Check through the viewing
window on the front case that the pilot
burner is alight, if so continue to hold the
control knob down for ten seconds.
Release the control knob and the pilot burner
should remain alight. It may require several
operations of the igniter to light the burner.
4
Fig. 3
3
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
2
OFF
IGNITION POSITION
INDICATOR LIGHT
GAS CONTROL KNOB
HIGH
LOW
‘ ‘
To operate the main burner, turn the control
knob further anti-clockwise and set it at the
desired comfort level, between the high flame
and low flame positions (5 & 6).
The main burner will ‘cycle’ automatically as
required by the thermostat to maintain the
set temperature, but the pilot light will always
remain alight.
Turning off the heater
Turn the control knob fully clockwise to the
‘•’ position (1).
General Description
The Fanmaster is an electric heating and
blown air system controlled by the slider
switches on the front case of the heater (Fig.
4).
The automatically controlled fan distributes
warm air around the caravan via ducting. The
air is heated either by the Fanmaster’s own
electric element or by the Carver gas fired
heater. The Carver gas fire and the
Fanmaster can be used at the same time
providing the fan is in operation.
The built-in elements are automatically or
manually switchable between 0, 1kW and
2kW and require a 230V AC mains supply
drawing a maximum of 8 amps at 2kW. The
fan requires a 12V DC supply and will take
1.5A at maximum speed.
When using electric heating the caravan
temperature is regulated by the thermostat
mounted at the bottom right of the
installation box but when using the gas
heating the temperature is controlled by the
gas heater thermostat. The night setting is a
1kW convector heater setting. In the summer
the fan may be operated without any heat
input to distribute cool air.
The air ducting outlets are generally of the
butterfly type and may be opened or closed
by adjusting the butterfly valves. Twisting the
disc in its housing directs the flow in the
direction required.
61
Fitted Equipment
One outlet on each leg of the air ducting
layout must be kept open at all times.
Note:
Mains hook-up is needed for positions 2, 3
and 4, the current consumption will be
approximately 4 amps for positions 2 & 3 and
approximately 8 amps for position 4.
If you suspect that your mains hook-up is
inadequate to supply the 8 amps required for
position 4 in addition to your existing mains
load, then for initial warm-up, use the Carver
gas heater on a high setting and the
Fanmaster on the position 1 setting.
FANMASTER CONTROLLER OPERATIONS (Fig. 2)
POSITION
OPERATION (without gas)
0
Off
Gas convector
Blown hot air distribution
1
Manual fan speed - Temperature
slider governs the fan speed.
For cool air distribution.
1kW electric convector heating,
no fan. Temperature slider
selects desired room
temperature.
Electric and Gas convection, but a high gas
heater output will inhibit the electric
heating to maintain safe operating
temperatures.
3
1kW electric fan heating,
fan remains slow.
Electric and Gas blown distribution. Fan
speed adjusts automatically based on
outlet temperature.
4
2kW electric fan heating. Fan
automatically adjusts speed to suit.
Electric and gas blown distribution. Fan
speed adjusts automatically.
2
Portable colour TV
60w light bulb
Fanmaster on position 4
Fanmaster on position 2 or 3
0.3A
0.3A
8.3A
4.2A
approx.
approx.
approx.
approx.
The normal mains supply to UK sites are
rated at 16A but some sites have only a 10A
capacity.
Fig. 4
When comfortable change to either positions
2 or 3 and turn the gas heater off.
Typical mains current consumption is:
Carver Cascade 2 water heater
Travelling kettle
Battery charger
62
3.6A approx.
3.2A approx.
1.0A approx.
Servicing
In order to ensure that your heater continues
to operate effectively, you will need to
arrange for it to be serviced at least once a
year by a competent and trained service
engineer. By law no-one is permitted to deal
with the installation and servicing of gas
appliances unless they have proven
competence. Contact your nearest caravan
distributor if service or repair is required.
OPERATION (with gas)
Safety
To prevent over-heating of the electric
elements at least one warm air outlet must
be open at all times. It is recommended that
one outlet should be of the non-closable
type and not a butterfly.
If all the outlets are closed the self-hold
thermal trip will switch off the power to the
elements. If this happens, open the outlets,
switch the heater power off and wait until the
unit has cooled down, the unit will then reset
itself.
Make sure that clothing etc. is kept clear of
the back of the heater.
Fitted Equipment
Warranty Conditions
The space heaters are covered by a two year
guarantee from the date of purchase of the
appliance or the registration date of the
vehicle in which it is installed.
The guarantee is liable for all manufacturing
faults and defective components.
We strongly advise that all repairs on the unit
are carried out by authorised Service
Centres.
The guarantee does not cover installation
errors, tampering or damage caused by
frost.
PRIMUS AQWE6 (AQUAFLEX)
HEATING SYSTEM
Please read through the following operating
instructions carefully before starting the
heater.
General
The AQWE6 (Aquaflex) is a modern heater
intended for the supply of central heating
and domestic hot water for caravans/motor
homes. The heater is integrated with a 9-litre
domestic water heater and is equipped 1+2
= 3 kW electrical heating coils. The gas
burner operates in three stages of 2, 5, 6
and 7 kW. Regulation is fully automatic, and
the heater drops to a lower stage the closer
one approaches the selected temperature.
This means that the heater operates very
quietly and with low electrical power and gas
consumption for most of its operating time.
Control panel
The heater is regulated via the control panel,
which is integrated with the PMS2000GP
control system (Fig 1). The control panel has
4 switches for setting the desired functions
and a knob for setting the desired
temperature. To reach 20°C set the turning
knob accordingly. The control range is
approx.
5-30°C.
GASIGN =
Gas ignition will take place if
heating is required
1KW
=
1 kW electrical coil connected
if heating is needed.
2KW
=
2 kW electrical coil connected
if heating is needed.
WATER
& HEAT
=
Tap water heating will be given
priority.
HEAT
=
Heat will be produced when
required.
GASIGN means that the gas heater will start
if heating is required. This switch should be
in the On position at all times, except if the
gas heater is not required to operate for
whatever reason.
Fig. 1 Control Panel
1KW and 2KW means that the electrical
heating coils will be switched on as heating
is required. Both 1 and 2 kW electrical
heating has to be selected when 3 kW is
required.
63
Fitted Equipment
Note. The choice of electrical power is
ultimately governed by the current available
from the site supply. A 5A outlet can allow
1000W, a 10A allows 2000W and a 16A
allows 3000W.
WATER & HEAT means that heating tap
water takes priority over room heating: When
larger amounts of hot water is required for
showering, washing or such the this button
should be in the ON position. During cold
periods enough hot water is normally
produced at the same time as the living area
is heated so it can be set in the HEAT
position and it should always be in the HEAT
position when no water is fed into the water
heater. Heat will still be produced if the
thermostat is not turned down.
HEAT. Hot water will be produced, as
described above, as a function of the
requirement to heat the living area except
when the outside temperature is high and no
heating of the living area will be required.
Then the setting should be WATER & HEAT
and the thermostat turned down.
Both gas and electric can be connected at
the same time if so desired.
NB. The programmable timer unit must be in
the ON position to operate the heating
system. (see Programmable Timer
Instructions)
64
Mode of operation of the heater
Control of the heater takes place fully
automatically once the basic setting
described above has been made. If both
electrical and gas heating is selected priority
is given to electrical heating.
If the setting has been made for automatic
water heating, WATER & HEAT, priority will
always be given to hot water. Except in the
case of a living area which has fully cooled
down, when the heater will prioritise room
heating until the heat in the room has
reached an acceptable level. The heater will
then check the room temperature and water
temperature alternately and will generate
room heating or hot water as required. This
means that hot water is always available,
and that room heating is provided as
required. It takes about 15-20 minutes to
produce hot water starting from a fully cold
system.
The temperature of the hot water is limited to
70°C. Note that 70°C is a high hot-water
temperature and precautions should be
taken during use.
If the red lamp lights up, this indicates that
the heater has gone into safety mode as a
consequence of the gas heater having
attempted to ignite and having failed to
ignite or that the built in secondary overheat
thermostat has acted. This is usually
because the gas supply has run out, but it
may also be caused by the presence of air in
the gas line or by a blocked gas supply or
that the heater has been running without
fluid.
Turning the GASIGN Off and On should
normally restart a tripped gas heater. Note
that for the secondary overheat thermostat
the heater has to cool down.
Starting the heating system
1. Make sure that the system has a power
supply (12 V/220 V)
2. Open the gas cylinder
3. Check that the heating system is filled
with water/glycol (60/40)
4. Set the desired temperature.
5. Turn on the desired function on the
switches.
6. If optional Timer is installed check that it
is turned to On. (See Timer instructions)
Shutting down the heating system
1. Turn GASIGN and 1KW and 2KW
switches Off. (If Timer is installed you
only need to turn it Off )
2. Close the gas cylinder
3. Empty the water heater if there is a risk
of frost
4. Switch off the supply voltage
Fitted Equipment
Filling the water heater
3. Open all the hot water taps.
1. Ensure that the drain valve of the heater
is closed
4. Check that water is running in the
drainage pipe, (The easiest way is to look
under the vehicle). This is particularly
important during the winter, when snow
and slush may block the pipe.
2. Start the fresh water pump
3. Open a water tap and leave it open until
water arrives. If a mixing valve is present
set it to the hot position and allow filling
to take place as described above.
Emptying the domestic hot water heater
1. Switch off the fresh water pump. When at
risk from frost and heating is turned off,
always drain the domestic hot water from
the boiler
2. Open the drain valve on the heater by
rotating the red knob by two clicks in an
anti-clockwise direction (Fig.2)
Maintenance of domestic Hot water
heater
The heater may be descaled with vinegar or
formic acid, or alternatively with a special
descaling agent.
The agent is added to the fresh water that is
circulating through the system. After
descaling, the system is flushed with clean
water. (Do not use agents containing
bleach). The domestic hot water heater can
be removed from the main heater without
affecting other functions. Depending on the
position of installation the heater may require
removal to provide access to the domestic
hot water heater tank.
water heater is leak-proof after fitting by
pressurising the system.
Electrical coils
The heater is equipped with 2 electrical coils,
with an output of 1000 + 2000W. Regulation
is taken care of automatically by setting the
switches as described earlier. The electrical
coils have a mechanical overheating
protection device capable of tripping if the
system is operated without water.
Pressing the red button on the side of the
heater (Fig.3) performs resetting of the
tripped overheating protection. Resetting is
only possible after the system has cooled
down, and the button must be pressed
firmly. If the protection trips once more, the
cause of the fault must be investigated.
Consult a specialist.
Note. The exhaust outlet in such a case
must be removed and refitted. The small Oring in the exhaust-connecting piece must be
replaced whenever the exhaust outlet is
removed.
The domestic hot water heater can be
washed out and refitted. Check that the
O-ring is undamaged before fitting.
Fig. 2
Note: Only nuts with metal friction locking
may be used. Check that the domestic hot
Fig. 3
65
Fitted Equipment
The heater must only to be connected to
the mains via the integrated 3 way
connector provided.
If the cover to the electrical heater is
removed the mains must be disconnected.
2. Use only Primus original spare parts.
3. Only a specialist must carry out repairs.
4. The small O-ring must be replaced if the
exhaust outlet is dismantled.
5. The gas installation and any tests must
conform to national requirements.
Important Note:
Any interference with and modification to the
heater may lead to serious functional
problems. Changes to the gas or exhaust
components can pose a direct risk to life,
and Primus declines all responsibility in the
event of such changes being made.
1. The guarantee lapses with immediate
effect if any work is performed other than
by a specialist.
6. Keep the exhaust outlet and the air inlet
free from dirt, snow and ice.
7. The heater must not be in use when
refuelling and when in the garage.
8. The domestic hot water heater is
equipped with a safety valve, which
opens at approx. 3 bar. (Any drainage
takes place via a drainpipe through the
floor.)
9. The heater must be run with water/glycol
(60/40) in the system at all times. If the
heater is operated dry, it will normally be
stopped by the operating thermostat. The
thermostat will close after cooling, and
the heater will then function normally
provided that water is present in the
system. If the operating thermostat fails
to trip for any reason in the event of the
system overheating, the heater will be
stopped by a built-in secondary overheat
thermostat. A red LED on the control
panel indicates this. The electrical
cartridge has a separate overheating
protection.
Technical Data
AQWE6
Technical Data
AQWE6
Gas
Working gas pressure
Wall exhaust
Volume Boiler
Heating-up time hot water
Max D: H: W. pressure
Length x Width x Height
Weight (without water)
Number of steps in gas burner
Max power
I3BP /I3+
30 mbar/28-30/37mbar I
Yes
9 lit
20 minutes
2,8 bar
500 x 400 x 300
15,1 kg
3
2.6/5.0/7.0 kW
Max gas consumption
Number of steeps electric heater
Output electrical power
Working voltage
Electric power consumption 12 V
Electric power consumption 230 V
Exhaust length max.
Exhaust diameter
Air inlet diameter
210/420/580 g/h
3
1/2/3 kW
12 V = /230 V AC
300/400/750 mA
5/10/16 A
45-mm
54,3-mm
88,3-mm
66
Fitted Equipment
3. Set the time by using the + and - arrow
keys to increase or decrease the time
shown until the correct time is reached
(Holding the + and - keys in will Scroll
quickly to the desired time)
Programming the Heating Timer: 1. Move the Red slider switch to the
Position Marked "PROG" (Program).
Fig. 1
PROGRAMMABLE HEATING
TIMER (USER INSTRUCTIONS)
(Fig.1)
Features: • 7 Day / 24 Hour Programmable Timing
• 12V DC Operation
• Manual and Timed Override Option
USER INSTRUCTIONS
Setting the Clock: 1. Move the Function Select Slider Switch
into the top "Clock set / Clock Adjust"
position indicated by a Clock Face symbol.
2. Set the day by pressing the
corresponding day button M = Monday,
T = Tuesday, etc.
2. Using the + and - Arrow Keys set the first
Program time, the ON time (note - ON is
shown in the top right corner of the
display)
3. Set the Day or Days this switching time
should be active, using the Day Select
buttons.
(Note - an active day will appear as mark
at the bottom of the display
corresponding to a day select button.)
4. Press the Enter Key to store this
information. After pressing the Enter key
the display will change, ready to set the
next time. OFF or ON will be shown in the
top right corner indicating which time is
next.
5. The next switching time can now be
programmed by repeating steps 2, 3
and 4.
carry out the switching operations as
programmed, displaying the current time
along with the state of the switch i.e. ON
or OFF.
Note - the Time display will not be seen if
12V DC is not present.
Timed / Manual Override.
This function gives the ability to Manually
override the Timer switch Program turning
the Heating system ON or OFF, and also
allows the user to set this override to last for
a timed period (set in hours)
Manual Override: 1. Move the Function select slider down to
the "Timed / Manual Override" position.
The display will read - h with ON or OFF
to the Right (depending on the current
switch state).
2. Change the current switch state press the
"On / Off Switch Select" button the
display will change to read the new
switch state on the right side. This timer
will remain in this state until the Switch
Select Button is pressed again or the
Function select slider is returned to the
"Auto" position and a switching program
is run.
6. Run the programmed switching sequence
by moving the Function Select Slider to
the "Auto" position. The module will now
67
Fitted Equipment
Timed Override: -
Power Supply
1 Move the Function Select Slider down to
the "Timed Manual Override" position.
The display will read - h with ON or OFF
to the Right (depending on the current
switch state).
The Programmable Timer Module requires a
12v supply to operate fully, without this
supply switching actions will not take place
and the display in "Auto" Mode will not
appear. The unit is fitted with internal battery
backup of 25000hrs minimum reserve this
will retain all programming and allow new
programming when a 12v supply is not
present.
2. Set the override duration using the + and
- "Up / Down Keys" the time is shown in
(h) hours and (d) days and the set time
can be from 1 to 23 hours or 1 to 27
days.
3. Change the current switch state to the
override state by pressing the "On /Off
Switch Select" button.
4. Return the Function select slider to the
"Auto" position. The override will start
ONLY when the Function Select Slider is
returned to the "Auto" mode, when in
auto mode the ON / OFF display will flash
to show the override state.
Note on Duration: If X hours are
selected, the override timer decrementation
will start on changing mode.
If X days are selected, the override timer
decrementation will start at midnight (the
present day counting for a whole day).
68
Fitted Equipment
PRIMUS HEATING SYSTEM
69
Fitted Equipment
PRIMUS HEATING SYSTEM
70
Fitted Equipment
THETFORD CASSETTE
PORTA POTTI
INTRODUCTION
The Cassette Porta Potti is constructed of
high quality plastics for durability and has a
high gloss finish that is easy to clean and
maintain. The unit consists of two sections, a
permanently installed toilet system and a
slide out waste holding tank — CASSETTE.
The toilet section includes a seat and cover,
flush and valve blade opener knob, toilet
tissue compartment and holder, waste level
indicator, built-in toilet fluid storage
compartment, a drip tray — a drain tube
assembly and a fresh water tank.
The unique Cassette section is located
underneath the toilet and is removed for
emptying from outside the caravan through
an access door. A rotating pour-out spout,
automatic holding tank vent, air release
valve, valve blade, carrying handles and
hand grips are incorporated into the
Cassette.
PREPARING FOR USE
1. Open access door on the side of the
caravan and swing out fresh water fill
funnel.
2. Fill fresh water tank using a hose or
jerrycan until water funnel level reaches
neck. Tank capacity is 15 litres. Aqua
Rinse may be added to improve cleaning
of bowl and flushing of unit.
3. Replace cap. Swing water fill funnel
inward until it touches side of water tank.
Note: 150ml of water will remain in fill
bottle when fresh water tank is empty.
1
2
3
4
5
6
4. Next add Aqua Kem to Cassette for con
trolling odours. Depress retaining clip.
5. Remove cassette by pulling straight out.
When Cassette hits stop, tilt downward
slightly and remove (stop for safety when
Cassette is full).
6. Position tank vertical and swivel pour out
spout upward.
7. Remove cap. Remove deodorant from
storage compartment. Add 100ml of Aqua
Kem or 120ml of Aqua Kem Bio through
pour out spout. Add small amount of
water through spout to cover tank
bottom. Replace cap and return pour out
spout to its original stored position.
Note: As an alternative deodorant can be
added to Cassette through the valve blade
opening. Hotter weather or longer retention
time may require addition of more Aqua Kem.
CAUTION: Do not add Aqua Kem
Concentrate or Aqua Kem Bio directly into
toilet bowl while Cassette tank valve blade is
closed. Pressure due to heat and altitude
change can build up in the Cassette tank
causing bowl contents to splash upward
upon opening the valve blade, if opened too
fast. Before each use, open and shut the
Cassette valve blade to vent the tank
7
71
Fitted Equipment
8. Slide the Cassette, pour out spout facing
outside into the caravan through access
door. Never force insertion or removal of
the Cassette tank, damage to system can
occur.
9. Make sure the Cassette is secured by the
retaining clip. Close and lock access door.
OPERATION
Flushing (Electric Models)
10.Before using the toilet we advise to add
some water to the bowl by pressing down
the flush knob. This avoids marking the
bowl. Water will stop flowing when knob
is released.
11.To flush after use, press the flush knob
down while turning in an anti-clockwise
direction. The turning motion opens the
valve blade, emptying the toilet bowl. This
procedure results in the best bowl rinse
and most efficient use of water. After
flushing, turn the knob in a clockwise
direction to close the valve blade. The
toilet can also be used with valve blade
open, which allows the waste to go
directly into the holding tank.
Flushing (Manual Models)
10.Before using the toilet, we advise you to
add some water to the bowl by turning
the flush knob in clockwise direction.
When flush knob is released it will turn
automatically back.
72
11.To flush after use, turn the valve knob in
anti-clockwise direction and turn the flush
knob. This procedure results in the best
bowl rinse and most efficient use of water.
TOILET TISSUE
12.Toilet tissue is stored in the specially
designed storage compartment that helps
keep tissue clean and dry (electric models
only). Tissue can also be suspended on a
tissue holder using the special wall mount
bracket, if desired.
13.To replace tissue, remove tissue holder
from compartment by pulling up on tissue
cover. Hold bottom of tissue holder in one
hand and cover in the other, and turn in
opposite directions until you hear a click.
Pull apart. Place tissue on holder, insert
prongs of cover into holder. Hold cover
and holder and twist in opposite direction
until locked. Aqua Soft toilet tissue is
recommended for best results.
Emptying the Cassette
The Cassette capacity is 20 litres and should
be emptied when the waste level gauge
indicator goes from green to full red.
The gauge does not begin to move from
green to red until the tank is over half full.
8
9
10 ELECTRIC
10 MANUAL
11 ELECTRIC
11 MANUAL
12 ELECTRIC
13 ELECTRIC
Fitted Equipment
Caution: Do not allow Cassette to become
overfilled, see Trouble Shooting section for
emergency emptying procedure.
The holding tank features a unique sliding
cover (1) which guarantees optimal hygiene.
The sliding cover moves automatically when
the holding tank is inserted. When holding
tank is removed, the cover automatically
assumes its correct position. To clean the
holding tank, you may remove the cover
manually by sliding it towards the pour-out
spout.
To empty Cassette be sure that the valve
blade is in the closed position.
14.Open the access door on side of caravan.
Depress the retainer clip, pull Cassette
until stop, tilt and remove Cassette.
15.Carry the Cassette using the lower
carrying handle, pour out spout up, to a
normal household type toilet or other
authorised disposal point. Set Cassette in
vertical position on the ground and rotate
pour out spout upward.
16.Remove spout cap. Grasp unit by upper
carrying handle nearest to pour out spout.
Place other hand on upper rear grip so
that the air relief valve button can be
depressed with thumb while emptying, to
ensure smooth outflow of tank contents.
When empty, rinse tank and valve blade
with water.
Note: Depress air release valve button
only when pour out spout is pointed
downwards.
17.After preparing for use, slide the Cassette
into the caravan. Check to make sure that
the retaining clip secures the tank in a
locked position. The pour out spout end
of the tank should be visible through the
access door opening. Add water to the
fresh water tank as outlined in “Preparing
for Use” section. Close and lock access
door.
14
15
16
17
18
19 ELECTRIC
CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE
No routine maintenance is required on the
Thetford Cassette Porta Potti. The use of
Aqua Rinse helps to clean and protect the
toilet bowl, valve blade and seals during
flushing. Do not use strong household
detergents or cleaners with chlorine, solvents
or acid contents, as they will damage valve
seals.
unit and Cassette. Replace tank inside
caravan.
Empty Cassette and rinse tank with clear
water. Use a mild soap to clean toilet bowl,
seat and cover, as well as exterior of toilet
Note: Pour-out spout and vent plug can be
removed. Seals should be greased if
necessary with acid-free vaseline.
73
Fitted Equipment
THETFORD CASSETTE
C-200 CW (Manual)
and C-200 CE (Electric)
FEATURES
1. Removable seat and cover.
2. Rotatable bowl.
3. Valve blade handle: opens and closes
valve blade.
4. Flush-handle activates the flush by lifting
and pushing down the handle.
4a C-200 CE. Flush button: activates flush.
4b C-200 CE. Valve blade buttons: open
and close valve blade electronically.
5. Power-supply for the waste-level
indicator: two batteries, type: Penlite 1,5V
AA alkaline.
6. Waste-level indicator: indicates when
holding tank requires emptying.
7. Rotating pour-out spout: makes emptying
holding tank easy and convenient.
8. Upper carrying handle
9. Automatic holding tank vent: vents the
holding tank when the tank is inserted in
the toilet. This prevents under- or
overpressure in the holding tank.
10. Valve blade opener.
11. Sliding cover: closes automatically when
holding tank is taken out. Guarantees
optimal hygiene.
12. Valve-blade
13. Vent button: vents the holding tank to
avoid splashing while emptying.
14. Hand grip
15. Access door
16. Waterfill door
74
04a
06
06
16
04
04b
C-200 CW only
C-200 CW
only
C-200 CE only
05
01
02
15
08 07 09 14 12
03
13
11
14
10
Fitted Equipment
CASSETTE C-200 CW AND C-200 CE
The toilet section of the C-200 includes a
rotatable bowl, removable seat and cover, a
console with a flush handle/flush buttons, a
built in flush-watertank and a waste level
warning indicator. Underneath the bowl, the
valve blade handle is located.
PREPARING FOR USE
1. Open access door pull retaining clip
upwards (fig. 1).
2. Remove holding tank by pulling straight
out. When holding tank hits the stop, tilt
front end downwards slightly and remove
(fig. 2).
3. Position tank vertically and swivel pourout spout upwards (fig. 3).
4. Remove the cap of the pour-out spout.
Add required quantity of toilet fluid
through pour-out spout then add approx.
2 litres of water through the spout to
cover holding tank bottom. Replace cap
and return pour-out spout to its original
stored position (fig. 4).
Note: Warmer weather or longer
intervals between emptying the waste
tank may require additional toilet fluid.
Use only Thetford toilet fluid to achieve
the best results.
5. Slide the holding tank into position
through access door (fig. 5).
1
2
3
4
5
6
9
9a
6. Make sure the holding tank is secured by
the retaining clip. (fig. 6).
7. Open the waterfill door and add 50 ml of
Aqua Rinse. Aqua Rinse results in a
better flush and improves the hygiene of
the toilet. Then fill the watertank with
fresh water using a jerrycan or a hose.
Tank capacity is 7 litres (fig. 7).
OPERATION
8. Turn the bowl in the most comfortable
position (fig. 8)
9. C-200 CW only: Before using the toilet it
is recommended to flush some water
into the bowl by lifting and pressing down
the flush handle (fig. 9).
9a.C-200 CE only: Before using the toilet it
is recommended to flush some water into
the bowl by pressing and releasing the
flush button (fig. 9a).
7
8
Caution: Never add toilet fluid directly
into toilet bowl.
75
Fitted Equipment
10. After use open the blade by turning the
blade-handle anti-clockwise (fig. 10).
10a.C-200 CE only: After use open the blade
by pressing the ‘open’ button (fig. 10a).
11. C-200 CW only: To flush, lift the flush
handle and press it down (fig. 11). After
flushing, close the blade by turning the
blade handle clockwise.
11a. C-200 CE only: To flush press the flush
button (fig. 9a). After flushing, close the
blade by pressing the close button on
panel (fig. 11a).
The toilet may also be used with the
valve blade open, which allows the
waste to pass directly into the holding
tank.
The waste holding tank is located underneath
the toilet and is removed for emptying from
the outside of the vehicle through an access
door. A rotating pour-out spout, automatic
holding tank vent, air release valve, valve
blade, carrying handles and hand grip are
incorporated in the waste holding tank. A
sliding cover guarantees you optimal
hygiene.
EMPTYING THE HOLDING TANK
The holding tank capacity is approx. 17 litres
and the tank should be emptied when the
waste-level indicator lights up. The wastelevel indicator lights up when the holding
tank contains more than 15 litres of waste.
76
CAUTION: Do not allow the holding tank to
become overfilled. See trouble shooting
section for emergency emptying
procedure.
10
10a
11
11a
12
13
14
15
12. Open access door and remove the
holding tank. The holding tank can only
be removed when the valve blade is
closed (fig. 12).
13. Carry the holding tank to a normal
household type toilet or other authorized
disposal point. Place the holding tank in
vertical position and rotate pour-out
spout upwards (fig. 13).
14. Remove the spout cap. Grasp unit by
upper carrying handle nearest to pourout spout. Place other hand on upper
rear hand grip so that vent button can
be depressed with the thumb while
emptying. This ensures a smooth
outflow of the tank contents. (fig. 14).
Note: Only depress the vent button
when pour-out spout is pointed
downwards.
Rinse the holding tank with clean water.
For preparing for use again, see steps 1
to 7.
CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE
The lipseal and the seal of the automatic vent
are made of rubber and therefore these parts
need regular maintenance (depending on
frequency of use, once or twice a month).
Fitted Equipment
Lipseal: Remove the sliding cover. Open the
valve-blade by turning the blade-opener
knob anti-clockwise. Clean the seal with
water. Dry the seal and grease with silicone
spray/oil or vegetable oil.
Seal of automatic vent: Turn the automatic
vent 60° anti clockwise and remove gently.
Clean the seal with water. Dry the seal and
grease with silicone spray/oil or vegetable
oil.
To clean the holding tank, empty the tank,
and rinse with clean water. Use a mild soap
to clean toilet bowl, seat and cover, as well
as exterior of toilet unit and holding tank.
NOTE: Do not use strong household
detergents or cleaners that contain chlorine,
solvents or acid contents.
WINTERING/STORAGE
The Thetford Cassette C-200 CW is easily
winterized for storage.
Place appropriate size container under the
drainplug. Empty the fresh water tank by
taking out the drainplug (fig. 15). When the
tank is empty lift and press down the flush
handle a few times to empty the pump.
Empty the holding tank and clean the unit as
described in CLEANING and
MAINTENANCE. Clean the seals and grease
them after drying (see CLEANING and
MAINTENANCE).
Leave the blade of the holding tank open.
Do not replace cap on the pour out spout, to
ventilate the holding tank. (Also grease the
seal of the pour out spout cap.)
COLD WEATHER USE
The toilet can be used in cold weather
conditions provided that the toilet is in
heated surroundings. If this is not the case,
you can use a nontoxic antifreeze (propylene
glycol) or an antifreeze such as those used in
car radiators. Add the antifreeze to the water
in the tank. Add the quantity specified in the
instructions, paying due regard to the safety
instructions.
HIGH ALTITUDE AND WARM
WEATHER USE
Pressure may build up in the holding tank if
the tank is not inserted while driving at high
altitudes or in warm weather conditions. The
automatic holding tank vent will vent the
tank when there is over- or under-pressure.
High temperatures may require additional
Thetford toilet fluid.
THETFORD WARRANTY
1. The Thetford Cassette is warranted for
one year from the date of purchase,
please fill in and return the warranty card.
2. The warranty covers replacement of
defective or flawed parts and the
inadequate performance of the toilet.
4. Defects, which in our judgement occurred
from misuse, negligence or accident, are
not covered by the warranty. In addition,
the warranty does not apply if the
product is installed or handled improperly
or if other than the prescribed toilet fluids
have been used or if the product has
been altered in any way or has been
repaired by unqualified persons, or if the
serial number and/or date has been
altered or removed.
5. Should the original buyer wish to return to
us parts believed to be defective, the
parts should be sent prepaid. If we find
the parts defective and covered by
warranty, they will be repaired and
returned. If warranty does not apply or
has expired, a nominal charge will be
made. Any transport costs are for the
account of the owner.
6. Before returning product or parts they
should be properly cleaned, in order to
carry out inspection and repair.
7. No other warranty is given and no
personal representative is authorised to
make any warranty other than that is
contained herein.
3. In case of a defect apply to an original
dealer or Thetford Service Centre with
proof of purchase.
77
Fitted Equipment
THETFORD CASSETTE C-200 S
FEATURES
1. Removable seat and cover.
2. Rotatable bowl.
3. Valve blade handle: opens and closes
valve blade manually.
4. Flush button: activates flush.
5. Valve blade button: opens and closes
valve blade electronically.
6. Waste-level warning device: indicates
when holding tank requires emptying.
7. Rotating pour-out spout: makes emptying
holding tank easy and convenient.
8. Upper carrying handles.
9. Automatic holding tank vent: vents the
holding tank when there is over pressure
if holding tank is inserted into the toilet.
10. Valve blade opener.
11. Sliding cover: closes automatically when
holding tank is taken out. Guarantees
optimum hygiene.
12. Valve blade.
13. Press button valve: allows air in to avoid
splashing while emptying.
14. Hand grip.
15. Access door.
04
06
01
02
05
03
08 07 09 14 12
15
13
11
14
10
78
Fitted Equipment
Toilet Section
The toilet section includes a rotatable bowl,
a removable seat and a control unit with a
flush button and a waste level warning
device. Under the bowl, the valve blade
handle is located.
Preparing for Use
1. To remove holding tank, open the access
door. Pull retaining clip upwards, (fig. 1)
2. Remove holding tank by pulling straight
out. When holding tank hits the stop, tilt
downwards slightly and remove. (fig. 2)
5. Slide the holding tank into the vehicle
through access door. (fig. 5)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
6. Make sure the holding tank is secured by
the retaining clip. Close and look access
door. (fig. 6)
Operation
7. Turn the bowl in the most comfortable
position, when necessary. (fig. 7)
8. Before using the toilet we recommend to
add some water to the bowl by pressing
the flush button. Flush will stop when the
button is released. (fig. 8)
3. Position tank vertically and swivel pourout spout upwards. (fig. 3)
4. Remove the cap of pour-out spout. Add
required amount of toilet fluid through
pour-out spout. Add small amount of
water through spout to cover holding
tank bottom. Replace cap and return
pour-out spout to its original stored
position. (fig. 4)
NOTE: Hotter weather or longer
retention time may require additional
toilet fluid. Use only Thetford toilet
fluid to achieve the best results.
CAUTION: Never add toilet fluid
directly into toilet bowl.
79
Fitted Equipment
9. To open the blade, push on the left side
of the blade opener button (fig. 9.) Blade
can also be opened by turning the blade
handle anti-clockwise (fig. 10).
10. To flush, press the flush button (fig. 8).
After flushing, close the blade by pushing
the right side of the blade opener button
(fig. 11).
The blade can also be closed by turning
the blade handle clockwise (fig. 12).
The toilet can also be used with the valve
blade open, which allows the waste to
pass directly into the holding tank.
Emptying the Cassette
The holding tank capacity is approx. 17 litres
and the tank should be emptied when wastelevel warning device comes on. The wastelevel warning device will come on when tank
contains more than 15 litres of waste. As
from that moment there is approx. 2 litres
capacity left. This is equal to approx. 5 uses.
CAUTION: Do not allow Cassette to
become overfilled. See trouble shooting
section for emergency emptying
procedure.
80
11. Open access door and remove holding
tank.
9
10
11
12
13
14
Holding tank can only be removed
when valve-blade is closed. (fig. 13)
12. Carry the holding tank, pour out spout
up, to a normal household type toilet or
other authorised disposal point. Set the
holding tank in vertical position and
rotate pour-out spout upwards (fig. 14).
13. Remove spout cap. Grasp unit by upper
carrying handle nearest to pour-out
spout. Place other hand on upper rear
hand grip so that air relief valve button
can be depressed with the thumb while
emptying. This ensures smooth outflow
of tank contents (fig. 15).
Note: Depress air relief valve button only
when pour-out spout is pointed
downwards.
Rinse the holding tank with clear water.
For preparing for use again, see steps 1
to 6.
15
Fitted Equipment
WINTERING/STORAGE
The Thetford Cassette C-200 is easily
winterized for storage.
Place appropriate size container under the
drainplug. Empty the fresh water tank by
taking out the drainplug. When the tank is
empty lift and press down the flush handle a
few times to empty the pump. Empty the
holding tank and clean the unit as described
in CLEANING and MAINTENANCE. Clean
the seals and grease them after drying (see
CLEANING and MAINTENANCE).
Leave the blade of the holding tank open.
Do not replace cap on the pour out spout, to
ventilate the holding tank. (Also grease the
seal of the pour out spout cap.)
COLD WEATHER USE
The toilet can be used in cold weather
conditions provided that the toilet is in
heated surroundings. If this is not the case,
you can use a nontoxic antifreeze (propylene
glycol) or an antifreeze such as those used in
car radiators. Add the antifreeze to the water
in the tank. Add the quantity specified in the
instructions, paying due regard to the safety
instructions.
HIGH ALTITUDE AND WARM
WEATHER USE
Pressure may build up in the holding tank if
the tank is not inserted while driving at high
altitudes or in warm weather conditions. The
automatic holding tank vent will vent the
tank when there is over-or under-pressure.
High temperatures may require additional
Thetford toilet fluid.
5. Should the original buyer wish to return to
us parts believed to be defective, the
parts should be sent prepaid. If we find
the parts defective and covered by
warranty, they will be repaired and
returned. If warranty does not apply or
has expired, a nominal charge will be
made. Any transport costs are for the
account of the owner.
THETFORD WARRANTY
1. The Thetford Cassette is warranted for
one year from the date of purchase,
please fill in and return the warranty card.
6. Before returning product or parts they
should be properly cleaned, in order to
carry out inspection and repair.
2. The warranty covers replacement of
defective or flawed parts and the
inadequate performance of the toilet.
7. No other warranty is given and no
personal representative is authorised to
make any warranty other than that is
contained herein.
3. In case of a defect apply to an original
dealer or Thetford Service Centre with
proof of purchase.
4. Defects, which in our judgement occurred
from misuse, negligence or accident, are
not covered by the warranty. In addition,
the warranty does not apply if the
product is installed or handled improperly
or if other than the prescribed toilet fluids
have been used or if the product has
been altered in any way or has been
repaired by unqualified persons, or if the
serial number and/or date has been
altered or removed.
81
Fitted Equipment
Fig. A
Fig. C
BEDDING
SINGLE BED (Fig. D)
Sleeping bags and continental quilts can be
compressed into small spaces and can be
ready to use in minutes.
Pull out 4" and allow backrest cushion to
drop behind base cushion. This applies to
certain models only.
LOWER SINGLE BEDS ASSEMBLY
(Figs. A & B)
DOUBLE BED (Fig. D)
1. Unroll bed slat bundle and place between
the recess in both seats.
2. Arrange seat cushions as appropriate.
DOUBLE BED ASSEMBLY
(Fig. C)
Fig. B
1. Grip front of slatted bed and walk
backwards until bed is fully extended.
2. Arrange seat cushions as appropriate.
82
Fig. D
Extend the pull-out section of the single bed,
and re-arrange the cushions. This applies to
certain models only.
Fitted Equipment
PULLMAN BUNKS
3. Grasp the bunk as shown and pull
carefully in direction of arrows.
5. Where a bed board is fitted, unfold and
make sure it is secured by press studs
when lifted into position. (The bed board
is required to protect both the occupant
and the window from damage during use
of the bunk.)
4. The bunk is designed to automatically
move into the correct position.
7. Arrange seat cushions as appropriate.
1. Release catches, one at a time.
2. Release press studs on the bed board.
6. Locate safety boards.
83
Fitted Equipment
DROP DOWN BUNK
The bunks (if any) fitted to your caravan are
guaranteed to a weight limit of 11 stones
(70 kg).
1. Remove bunk from its stored position
below lockers, taking care to draw out
each side equally thus avoiding damage
to the caravan walls.
2. Locate on bunk supports and unfold,
ensure open bunk is pressed firmly into
position and cannot slide out of bunk
supports.
3. Locate safety boards.
On caravans with rear side windows fitted
with cassette blinds, care must be taken to
avoid damaging the blind frame. Lower the
bunk bed (unopened) onto the rearmost
section of the bunk support rails, slide the
front of the bunk forward whilst at the same
time unfolding it.
Ensure that your fingers are clear of the front
upstand whilst opening and closing the
bunk.
4. Arrange seat cushions to suit.
WARNING: Always ensure safety boards
are located before entering the bunk.
84
Fitted Equipment
• DO NOT ALLOW THE BLIND OR
FLYSCREEN TO RE-COIL WITHOUT
CONTROL.
• It is not recommended that blinds and/or
flyscreens are left in the down position for
long periods, or when travelling, as this
can result in fatigue of the spring.
• Clean the cassette, side track and fabrics
with mild detergent and water.
• Lubrication of mechanism or spring is not
required or recommended. However, if
components should require cleaning, use
only WD40 or similar with fluff-free cloth.
Other lubricants may result in damage to
fabrics and plastics.
DOUBLE CASSETTE BLINDS
(SEITZ)
Blinds and Flyscreens
Flyscreen and blinds operate in the same
manner. The flyscreen can only be ‘fully up’
or ‘fully’ down, but the blind also has an
intermediate position.
To operate, pull down by holding the
fingergrip(s), gently ease towards the window
to locate the catches. To retract, pull down
easing away from the window to release the
catches and guide to the required position.
• ONLY OPERATE BY HOLDING THE
FINGERGRIP(S) - pulling on one side will
cause uneven running and snagging.
Tension Adjustment
Remove plastic cover (if fitted) to locate
tension lugs. The tension lugs have a slot
and are located in the cassette on a
‘bayonet’ principle. Insert screwdriver into
slot (ensure a good fit), turn lug clockwise to
allow the spring tension to push the lugs just
free of the cassette. Keep fingers away from
screwdriver tip to avoid accidental injury.
Spring can now have more or less tension
applied as required.
If in doubt of tension to be applied, release
all tension and re-start. In which case, with
blind fully wound on the roller, apply 12
revolutions of lug (factory setting).
Refitting is a reversal of removal procedure.
For more detailed information, see
manufacturer’s instructions.
DOORSCREEN
When drawing or releasing the doorscreen,
care should be taken not to let it spring back
freely, this may result in damage to the
screen or its fittings.
Always pull the doorscreen close to the
centre. It is not advisable to pull close to the
top or bottom as this will cause snagging
and uneven running.
Caution
When opening or releasing the
doorscreen, care must be taken to avoid
trapping fingers.
Do not allow the doorscreen to slam open.
85
Fitted Equipment
ROOF LIGHTS
When opening the roof lights, care must be
taken to release the locking mechanism as
the unit is raised.
Roof lights must be fully closed when towing.
Roof lights provide 12,500mm2 of fixed
ventilation each.
WINDOWS
All opening windows have two catch
positions. The first position is for ventilation
the second seals the window from ventilation
and rain.
HEKI-2 ROOF LIGHT (SEITZ)
A cover hood can be fitted for winter
protection.
The lift/tilt roof light can be set in 3 positions
by means of pneumatic springs.
Heki-2 roof lights provide 13,200mm2 of fixed
ventilation
Position 1 lifts the pane 12mm without
allowing rain to enter the caravan.
THE OMNIVENT (12V) ROOFLIGHT
Position 2 sets the pane to a 150mm opening
and locks with a bar.
Position 3 opens the pane through 55°.
A fully adjustable flyscreen and black-out
screen are built into the inner frame. The
flyscreen can be drawn independently and
the black-out screen is variable for partial or
full black-out.
Forced ventilation functions via a brush lined
duct instead of a ventilated pane.
86
Omnivents give no fixed ventilation when set
on induction.
The Omnivent is a double glazed rooflight
constructed from a synthetic ultra-violet
screened material. Its side operating
mechanism allows a completely free central
opening with built-in fixed ventilation when
closed.
Red Switch = Mode of Operation
Induction (IN)
Expel (OUT)
Black Switch = Speed Control
1, 2 and 3
IN
OFF
OUT
Fitted Equipment
ASH FRAMED DOORS
THE BLIZZARD ROOFLIGHT
The Blizzard is an optional alternative to the
Omnivent.
In order to provide customers with the latest
designs of door furniture it is possible, due to
the use of natural wood, that warping may
occur. This should not detract from the
correct functioning of items fitted in the
caravan.
HAULTZHAUER ROOFLIGHT AND
EXTRACTOR
The extractor is operated by a single
ON/OFF switch.
THE BLIZZARD 1300 AIR CONDITIONER
SHOWER
Starting and function selection
When using the shower, always ensure that
the shower curtain is fully drawn thus
avoiding water spray on unprotected areas.
1. Internal temperature control thermostat
2. Two speed fan switch
3. Main switch (Red light ON’ Green light
OFF) Push the switch ‘3’: Red light ‘ON’
to switch the air conditioning on.
To set the required temperature adjust the
RED/BLUE selector control knob against the
indicator mark on the outer bezel. Airflow
direction can be achieved fore and aft by
adjustment of the air outlet louvres.
WARNING: Never introduce your hands
or other object within the air inlet
openings.
Push the switch ‘3’ (Green light ‘OFF’) to
stop the unit.
Maintenance
To ensure trouble free running it is
recommended that the unit be cleaned once
or twice a year.
Attention
Never obstruct the air inlets and outlets
Never attempt the following until the power is
disconnected and the unit is cool
The air conditioning compressor runs during
the refrigerating phase, if switched on and off
at once it may get damaged. Therefore, it is
very important to wait at least 3 minutes
before attempting to switch it on again.
Demount the external cover, clean the heat
exchangers (evaporator and condenser) with
a brush or compressed air. Remove any dirt.
Check that water trap holes are not clogged.
The Blizzard air conditioning unit provides no
fixed ventilation.
87
Fitted Equipment
TABLES
Slide top of drawers out and fold back to
form convenient table. (Fig. A)
The pedestal table can be swung round for
easy access to the seating and then repositioned afterwards. (Fig. B)
Tables stored in the table storage
compartment must be securely clipped into
place whilst in transit.
CAUTION
When erecting the free standing table, be
careful to avoid trapping fingers.
Fig. A
Fig. B
88
NOT TO SCALE
Fitted Equipment
Block - 5” x 17⁄8” (125 x 45mm)
Inner line of
awning channel
DETAIL OF
SWEEP
Block
25mm
Available block
on sweep for
awning bracket
Wheel Arch
POSITION OF AWNING BLOCK
FIXING OF AWNINGS
In order to avoid puncturing the outer skin of
the caravan wall, it is recommended that
awning poles are fixed to your caravan using
load spreading eyelet pads or rubber sucker
pads.
Note:
Awnings should be kept ventilated when
discharging products of conbustion exhaust
into them.
Attaching awning brackets and associated
fixings to your caravan by using mechanical
methods which pierce the outer skin of the
caravan wall can allow water ingress which
will invalidate the product warranty.
Important:
Care must be taken when using an awning
as poles and suckers can cause damage to
exterior side panels.
89
MAINTENANCE
Caravan Exterior .................................................................... 92
Caravan Interior ...................................................................... 92
Winterisation/Storage ............................................................ 93
Alko Running Gear ................................................................. 95
Operation and Maintenance ................................................ 95
General Maintenance ............................................................. 98
Brake Drum/Hub Assembly .................................................. 98
Couplings ............................................................................. 98
Towing Ball ........................................................................... 99
Over-running Device ............................................................ 99
Jockey Wheel ....................................................................... 99
Brake Linkage .......................................................................99
Corner Steadies ................................................................... 99
Braking System .................................................................... 99
Tyre Wear and Damage ......................................................... 99
Wheels ..................................................................................... 99
Al-Ko and Vario Galvanised Chassis .................................. 100
Shock Absorbers .................................................................. 100
Maintenance
CARAVAN EXTERIOR
Aluminium Panels
The stove enamelled paintwork is very
durable and easy to clean owing to the high
gloss properties.
Plastic Panels (GRP/ABS)
These are used for front and rear panels and,
in some cases, for roof and side panels.
Cleaning
For both aluminium panels and plastic panels.
1. Wash the caravan regularly with mild
detergent. Rinse with cold water and
leather off.
2. For better protection a similar coloured
good quality car wax may be applied.
When cleaning Sikaflex sealed areas, use
Domestos/water.
WARNING: Under no circumstances use
any abrasive cleaning agents or solvents
on the exterior panels.
Care should be taken as the silicon in
some polishes can attack the rubber
used on the exterior for seals and
gaskets.
Mouldings
All mouldings are of anodised aluminium and
will retain their lustre for a long period if no
abrasive materials are used to clean them.
92
Acrylic Windows
The windows in your caravan are fully double
glazed and with care will remain sparkling
and scratch-free.
Cleaning: Wash down as you would your
car. Do not use a sponge on dirty windows.
When all dirt has been removed, dry with a
leather or ‘Vyleda’ type cloth, the catches
and stays do not require lubricating.
Keeping your acrylic windows sparkling:
Removing Tar
Use ‘Jove Tar Remover’ on our double
glazed windows, it is obtainable from most
leading car accessory or Do-It-Yourself
shops. Do not use petrol or other chemicals.
Condensation
As your caravan is double glazed you may
occasionally get condensation inside the
double glazing. This is particularly so in
severe weather change (usually spring and
autumn) and is easily cured in dry weather.
i) Remove the plastic plugs from interior
top of each window.
ii) Leave unplugged for approximately 1-4
hours until condensation has cleared.
WARNING: Do not wash your caravan
with a high pressure washer as these
can permanently damage the seals of
your caravan.
CARAVAN INTERIOR
Follow these guidelines to ensure your
investment is receiving the very best
attention.
Side Walls, Roof Lining
A simple wipe over with a damp cloth and a
very mild detergent is all that is needed.
Soft Furnishings
Should be vacuumed occasionally to remove
grit and sand and help to keep its smart
appearance and ensure long life. The
upholstery can be cleaned with a mild,
reputable upholstery cleaner. It is
recommended that the curtains and pelmets
are specialist cleaned only. The foam used in
cushions is manufactured to meet fire
regulations. It requires time to return to its
normal position after prolonged use.
Work Surfaces
You should not stand very hot items on any
of the work surfaces, especially models with
polycarbonate moulded sinks and drainers.
Cupboard Catches
It is advisable to lightly oil all cupboard
catches, sliding bolts and hinges from time
to time.
Bathroom, Shower Room and Kitchen
Equipment
All the Thermoplastic parts in these areas
have easy clean surfaces. To ensure long life
and prevent damage you must not use any
Maintenance
cleaning materials at all and ensure water
temperatures do not exceed 70°C, (putting
cold water in first is suggested). After every
use it is essential that you rinse with clean
water only and wipe with a soft damp cloth.
Failure to follow these simple instructions
may result in premature failure or cracking
which will not be covered by any guarantees
(including extended warranties).
Furniture
A simple wipe over with a damp cloth should
be all that is required. Polishing with a
proprietary brand of wax polish enhances
and maintains furniture in showroom
condition.
It must be remembered that because the
frames of the doors are made of ash, which
is a natural product, they can be affected by
temperature and humidity and may bow
under certain conditions. As conditions
change they should revert to their original
positions.
WINTERISATION/STORAGE
This is probably an opportune moment to
arrange for the caravan to have its annual
service at your appointed dealer.
The following applies wherever your caravan
is stored particularly during the winter
months.
Keep any grass around the floor of the
caravan short, to maintain air flow and stop
any possible damp getting into the caravan.
It is advised that the caravan is ventilated
regularly throughout the winterisation
/storage period, opening windows, doors
and rooflights when possible.
General
All moving parts should be checked for free
operation.
Clean all cooking appliances and refrigerator.
Lubrication should be carried out at the
points illustrated in the general notes on
chassis maintenance (page 98).
Charge up the on-board battery every 2
months.
Check alarm battery condition every 2
months and charge if necessary.
Leave the refrigerator door open.
Leave furniture doors and lockers open to
allow air to circulate fully.
Soft Furnishings
Clean and dust the upholstery and if
possible remove before placing the caravan
into winter storage. Alternatively, stand the
cushions on their edges to allow circulation
of air. This will reduce the possibility of
dampness from condensation.
Keep curtains or blinds closed, to minimise
fading of furniture.
If the blinds and/or flyscreens remain down
for a prolonged period of time, re-tensioning
of the springs will be necessary before re-use.
Wheels and Tyres
Do not store in one position with partially
deflated tyres. The tyre walls will suffer and
do present a real danger of blow outs,
especially when travelling at faster speeds
than are allowed in the UK.
The wheels should be turned every couple of
weeks or even better, the wheels removed
and the caravan placed on “winter wheels”
or axle stands.
If you are removing the wheels, follow the
jacking procedure for changing a wheel.
Water System
The water heater MUST be drained to
prevent frost damage. The drain plug, which
is on the outside of the flue cowl, should be
unscrewed to permit draining and removed
until the system is to be refilled (see page
45).
To allow the system and the tank to drain
effectively, open ALL hot and cold taps while
the heater is still warm (see ‘TAPS’ in
Services Section).
Do not park near trees or larch type fences,
due to possible wind damage.
93
Maintenance
Remove shower head.
The Thetford Cassette porta potti is easily
winterised for storage. Empty the fresh water
tank using the drain tube/fresh water tank
level indicator (level indicator on electronic
models only). Pull the lever indicator/drain
tube down from top plug position and
outward through door opening to drain water
from the tank.
Empty the water fill funnel by pulling the
bottle away from tank. Remove the small
water cap on the filler bottom, allowing water
to drain from the water funnel. (Not C-200
toilet).
Do not tighten caps, this helps in keeping
unit dry.
The pour out spout and vent plug can be
removed. Seals should be greased if
necessary with acid-free vaseline.
Remove the drain stop plugs on the fresh
water pipes (see Fig. 1). These are located
through the floor on the underside of the
caravan.
Lower and raise the front of the caravan by
winding the jockey wheel handle to allow
excess water left in the water pipes to drain
away. This should not be done if the caravan
is stored on blocks or axle stands.
Leave the drain plugs and the taps open.
94
Push up collar (A) to
release and pull plug
(B) down to remove.
Close the cold taps and ensure all the drain
plugs are fitted.
It is advisable after storage to flush the water
system initially with a sterilising agent (such
as Milton), and then with water repeating until
the system is well flushed through.
Connect the pump.
Fig. 1
The caravan may be left in this condition over
winter or until ready to use. It is
recommended to leave the taps in the open
position during storage.
Recommissioning the Water System
Fill the fresh water tank on the Thetford
Cassette porta potti using a hose or jerrycan
until the water in the funnel reaches the neck.
Tank capacity is 15 litres. Aqua Rinse may be
added to improve cleaning of bowl and
flushing of unit. (Not C-200 CE toilet).
Replace cap. Swing back the water fill funnel
until it touches the water tank.
Add Aqua Kem (100 ml) into the Cassette (or
120 ml if using Aqua Kem Bio) through the
pour out spout. Add small amount of water
through the pour out spout and replace the
cap.
Fill the system with water until water flows
freely from the hot taps. About 2 gallons of
water will be required. Close the hot taps.
Appliances
Before starting caravanning after storage
check all gas appliances and electrical
points.
Note: Preferably not less than once a year,
the electrical installation should be inspected
and tested by a qualified electrician.
After storage it is advisable to air the caravan
and clean throughout, especially cooking
appliances and the refrigerator.
Replace the bedding and wheels if they were
removed for storage.
Important
Always follow the manufacturers
recommended procedures after use of fitted
equipment in the caravan and before storing
for any length of time.
Maintenance
ALKO RUNNING GEAR
Coupling Head
The ball couplings are entirely automatic in
operation and designed for one hand
operation to suit the 50mm international ball
recommended by the British Standards
Institution, National Caravan Council and the
Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders.
Each type has provision for an anti- theft
device (available as an extra) consisting of
brass insert, complete with 2 keys. The
locked button will prevent movement of the
handle, therefore making it possible to lock
the coupling either “on” or “off” the towing
ball.
Operation - Type AK10/2
Lift locking trigger, and lift handle upward
and forward. Place the unlocked coupling
onto the towing ball and with the slightest
downward pressure it will lock onto the ball
automatically. Ensure locking trigger returns
to its free position before commencing to
tow.
Operation - Type AK 13/2
Lift handle upward and forward, this
disengages the security tooth. Place the
unlocked coupling onto the towing ball and
with the slightest downward pressure it will
lock onto the ball automatically. The security
tooth should again be fully engaged.
Uncoupling
Having lowered the jockey wheel to the
ground, operate the handle as previously
described. Lift the coupling clear of the
towing ball either manually or by operating
the telescopic jockey wheel.
IMPORTANT
If the nose of the caravan is lifted manually
the locking trigger must be engaged first and
the handle lifted forward. Failure to do this
will cause the nose-weight to be transmitted
through the locking button and damage will
occur.
Forward Braking
In the free position, with the handbrake fully
forward in the OFF position, the drawshaft of
the overrun device is fully extended and the
shoes are clear of the drum.
As the towing vehicle brakes, or starts to
drive downhill, the drawshaft of the overrrun
device is depressed toward the unit being
towed. This action imparts linear motion to
the main shaft of the overrunning device
which is transmitted via the overrun lever,
brake rod and Bowden cable to the
expanding clutch. This mechanism forces
the leading brake shoe and, by reaction, the
trailing shoe outwards into contact with the
drum.
Friction between the brake shoes and the
drum creates a tendency for both shoes and
the expanding clutch to move in the
direction of forward rotation until they abut
against the adjuster box. This ensures that
both remain in the braking position.
Reversing
When the towing vehicle reverses, the
drawshaft is pushed backward, moving the
overruning device through its full travel. This
movement is transmitted in the normal
manner to the expanding clutch.
The clutch forces both shoes into contact
with the drum. Initial friction between these
creates a tendency for the shoes and
expanding clutch to move in the direction of
wheel rotation i.e. reverse. This movement
imparts pressure to the spring- loaded autoreverse lever, causing it to collapse. Thus,
friction between the shoes and drum is
almost eliminated, allowing the trailer to
reverse as one with the towing vehicle.
Slight forward movement of the chassis will
allow the coil spring to reassert itself,
enabling the reverse lever to recover to its
normal position. Normal braking is then
immediately available.
Parking
The AL-KO parking brake system
incorporates a patented device for added
safety when parking on a reverse-sloping
site or steep hill.
95
Maintenance
The AL-KO parking brake system comprises
a handbrake lever mechanism actuating a
Bowden cable which operates a brake unit
assembly contained within the wheel hub.
The action of the brake lever imparts motion
to the brake rod, the Bowden cable and the
expanding clutch. This mechanism forces
both shoes into contact with the drum.
Operating the Handbrake
Some people may find it difficult to set the
handbrake lever to its full vertical position
without a great deal of physical effort.
AL-KO provide two types of parking brake
system on their trailers, with the Bowden
cable and the wheel hub brake unit being
common to both types.
At this stage, the brake unit is latent, the
mechanism waiting to see in which direction
the trailer will start to move.
However, AL-KO have designed their system
so that the average user need not do so.
The difference between the systems is the
handbrake mechanism used to actuate the
Bowden cable.
AL-KO’s unique parking brake system
requires a source of stored energy to lock
the wheel brakes should the trailer start to
move after it has been uncoupled from the
towing unit.
This energy source can be provided by either
a spring cylinder charged by hand or by a
gas filled cylinder acting as an energy store.
Each system requires a slightly different
method of operation when parking the trailer,
though they both operate in the same manner
when forward or reverse braking is applied.
Spring Cylinder Type
A spring system is attached to the link
between the handbrake lever and the central
brake rod. Full application of the handbrake
lever (such that the lever is vertical) to the
last tooth of the ratchet compresses a steel
spring inside the steel cylinder and energy is
stored.
96
If the trailer starts to move backwards, the
stored energy in the spring will be released.
The trailing brake shoe and by reaction, the
leading shoe together with the expanding
clutch will tend to move in the direction of
rotation (reverse) and abut against the stop.
Thus the trailer is braked.
However, if the handbrake is NOT fully
applied to the last tooth (i.e. vertical) and is
set to some lesser position than the full
vertical, then problems will almost certainly
arise after the trailer has been uncoupled
from the towing unit.
If the trailer is parked on a reverse slope or if
it is pushed backwards, then the brake
mechanism will act as though the trailer is
being reversed by the towing unit. The shoes
and expanding clutch will tend to move with
the direction of rotation (reverse) which
imparts pressure to the spring-loaded
reverse lever, causing it to collapse. Thus,
friction between the shoes and the drum is
almost elminated and the trailer will run
away.
For successful parking on a reverse slope or
steep hill, the operator need only apply the
handbrake with one hand while gently but
purposefully inching the caravan trailer a
small distance backwards with the other.
The user must supply this small but essential
backward movement to ensure that the
fulcrum of the transmission lever moves past
the point of reverse, thus preventing the
lever from collapsing as it would normally do
when reversing.
Most users will find it easier to stand facing
the towing unit while applying the hand
brake and at the same time gently push the
caravan an inch or two backwards with their
posterior.
Gas Cylinder Type
A gas cylinder, acting as an accumulator of
stored energy, can be fitted to the handbrake
lever to provide the same effect as a spring
cylinder.
Maintenance
This system is much more user friendly, as
the handbrake lever need only be applied
until it passes a clearly detectable dead
point for it to render parking on reverse
slopes or steep hills absolutely safe.
All components of both the overrun device
and the wheel brakes must be those
manufactured by AL-KO as the braking and
reversing systems must be matched to
ensure optimum braking performance.
It takes minimal effort from the operator to
move the handbrake lever past this dead
point.
Combining parts manufactured by AL-KO
with those produced by other suppliers will
invalidate any guarantee entered into by
AL-KO.
If the caravan or trailer starts to move when
uncoupled from the towing unit, then the
energy stored in the cylinder is released and
the brakes applied in the normal manner.
Important Points to Remember
It is absolutely vital that the slight backwards
push of the caravan or trailer is applied
before it is uncoupled from the towing unit.
It is also important to check that the brake
has in fact operated correctly as soon as the
caravan has been uncoupled.
If the caravan or trailer is to be parked on a
steep slope or on loose or slippery surfaces,
it is advisable to chock the wheels.
Where possible, always ensure that the
handbrake lever is in the fully vertical
position.
When the handbrake has been applied, it is
possible for the caravan or trailer to roll back
as much as 25cm before the full force of the
brake takes effect.
Recommended Brake Adjustment
Procedure
Jack up the axle raising the road wheels
clear off the ground. Ensure drawshaft is fully
extended (in the towing position) and the
handbrake is in the “OFF” position (fully
forward).
Check that there is some end float in the rod
and spring cylinder.
Adjust brakes first (Fig. A) and the linkage
only if necessary.
IMPORTANT: During Wheel brake adjust
ment the drum must only be revolved in the
direction of FORWARD rotation. Do not use
excessive force during adjustment.
Adjust
Adjust
Fig. A Brake Adjustment
be made at the chassis end of the bowden
cable. When pulled the cable should extend
between 5 and 8mm.
Apply the handbrake two or three times to
ensure brake shoes are centralised in the
drum. Re-check the shoe clearance at the
wheel brake.
Wheel brake adjustment is effected through
a hole in the brake backplate (see Fig. A).
With a screwdriver adjust the starwheel in
the direction of the arrow until there is
resistance to wheel movement. Slacken until
the brake drum turns freely in the forward
direction. A check for correct adjustment can
97
Maintenance
GENERAL NOTES ON
MAINTENANCE
1. Brake Drum/Hub Assembly
The EURO AXLE fitted to your caravan
comes complete with maintenance-free
wheel bearings GREASED AND SERVICED
FOR LIFE. Adjustment is not required during
the design life of the sealed bearing
(100,000 km).
WARNING: If replacement of the brake
drum or shoes is required, this must be
carried out by authorised AL-KO Service
Centres.
Centre brake rod. Check full thread
engagement in the fork end of the
overrunning device. Secure locking nut.
Finally screw up the self locking nut to give
1mm clearance between the nut and the
spring cylinder.
If the warning is not observed:
At the axle ensure compensator plate is
parallel to the axle by setting the adjuster
nuts on the bowden cables. Secure lock
nuts.
Note: Reversing will be difficult if either
wheel brake or brake linkage is
overadjusted.
Any attempt to slacken the nuts on the stub
axle will result in the toe-in being adjusted.
Adjust centre brake rod at the rear nut so
there is no clearance between the overrun
lever and the drawshaft and plate. Secure
lock nuts.
Correct adjustment of the linkage can be
checked by engaging handbrake lever on the
second tooth of the ratchet segment. In this
position you should feel a slight braking
force at the wheels.
98
-
the warranty is void and
the wheel may become detached.
This will cause:
-
Loss of guarantee
Bad towing performance
Increased tyre wear
2. Couplings
1. Clean and grease spherical seat, bearing
parts and pivot pins regularly.
2. Thoroughly examine all moving parts for
wear and correct functioning.
3. Couplings should never be drilled.
Maintenance
3. Towing Ball
The automobile towing ball should measure
50mm maximum and 49.5mm minimum (DIN
74058). If the ball is found to be worn it
should be replaced immediately.
4. Overrunning Device
The device housing is packed with grease on
assembly, but will require periodic
maintenance to ensure smooth operation of
the braking system.
1. Regrease the shaft bearings via the
grease nipples provided at 3000 mile
intervals, and before storage.
2. Ensure correct functioning of all pivot
pins and levers and oil regularly.
3. Ensure correct functioning of handbrake
ratchet and oil regularly.
5. Jockey Wheel
Lubricate wheel and screw thread
periodically.
6. Brake Linkage
All moving parts should be lubricated
periodically to ensure their satisfactory
operation.
It is recommended that all brake linkage
threads are liberally smeared with grease for
protection and as an aid to future adjustment
of the system.
7. Corner Steadies
The screw and pivot pins should be
lubricated periodically to ensure their
satisfactory operation.
TYRE WEAR AND DAMAGE
8. Braking System
At 500 miles then every 3000 miles or 1 year
check and adjust brake linkage to
compensate for any stretch of the bowden
cables.
In order to equalise wear it is suggested that
the wheels be balanced and changed around
from time to time.
Check and adjust wheel brakes to
compensate for wear.
IMPORTANT
When replacing the wheels you should
tighten the nuts in rotation diagonally, taking
care to tighten them equally.
The recommended torque for steel wheels is
88Nm (65 lb/ft) and for alloy wheels 115Nm
(85 lb/ft).
CHECK THE WHEEL NUTS BEFORE
STARTING EVERY JOURNEY.
The legal requirement for tread depth on
motor vehicles also apply to caravans.
It is dangerous to neglect tyre damage and
should you detect a blister, a rupture or a cut
which exposes the casing or if it has
suffered a violent impact (for example
against a kerb) such that there is a risk of
internal damage, it is advisable to have it
examined by a tyre specialist as soon as
possible (as this can affect tracking).
Tyres should be inspected regularly and if
any signs of visible deterioration (sidewall
cracking, delamination of tread, etc) are
evident, they should be replaced regardless
of there being a legal minimum tread depth.
WHEELS
The condition of the wheels should be
checked regularly, particularly for distortion
of flanges and the wheel dish. Wheels which
are damaged or distorted, or having wheel
stud seatings cracked or deformed, must not
be repaired.
99
Maintenance
ALKO AND VARIO GALVANISED
CHASSIS
Lubrication points are
same for all chassis
Al-Ko Chassis
Hot dip galvanising offers high corrosion
protection by forming a barrier layer through
reaction with the atmosphere. This will be
apparent by the chassis members changing
to a light grey colour. During winter periods
or storage where there is insufficient air
circulation or heavy moisture, a soft porous,
light grey oxidisation layer may form. This is
known as ‘White Rust’ and should NOT be
confused with rust. As applied to steel these
deposits should be removed by use of a wire
or hard nylon brush.
SHOCK ABSORBERS (OPTIONAL)
The Euro Axle fitted to the caravan is capable
of being equipped with octogon shock
absorbers specially developed by AL-KO to
ensure optimum roadholding of your caravan.
They are designed to reduce even the
slightest suspension rebound and make
towing safer and more comfortable.
Vario Chassis
100
GENERAL
DATA
Fault Finding ......................................................................... 102
Water .................................................................................. 102
Gas ..................................................................................... 104
Cassette Toilet .................................................................... 105
Useful Information ............................................................... 106
Owners Club ...................................................................... 106
Spares and After Sales ...................................................... 106
Repair Facilities .................................................................. 106
Factory Tours ..................................................................... 106
Caravan Clubs......................................................................107
Motoring Associations .........................................................107
Trade Association.................................................................107
CRIS .....................................................................................107
Fault Finding
WATER
Problem
Possible Cause
Remedy
Water not flowing from
any tap when operated
but pump runs
Freshwater tank empty
Pump wired in reverse
Pump not primed
Pipe inlet or outlet pipe disconnected
Pump pipes restricted by kinking
Blockage in pump inlet or outlet pipe
Blocked in-line filter of pump filter
Air leak in suction line to pump
Check
Check wiring, refer to pump manufacturers instructions
Refer to pump manufacturers instructions
Check connections
Check pipes run
Check, starting inside freshwater tank
Dismantle and clean
Check for bubbles & secure with clip
Pump does not run
Pump or tap incorrectly wired
Pump fuse blown
Battery disconnected
Pump seized or overheated
Pressure pump sensing switch may have failed
Contacts may be faulty
Wiring connections may be faulty
On switched tap version, microswitch could be faulty
Refer to pump/tap manufacturers instructions
Check wiring connection and then replace with fuse of correct rating
Check connections
Refer to pump manufacturers servicing instructions
Refer to pump manufacturers servicing instructions
Check contacts in plug and socket are clean and making contact
Check wiring connections
Disconnect wires from microswitch and join together. If the pump
operates, microswitch should be replaced
Water flows from cold tap
but not from hot
Feed pipe to water heater incorrectly connected to
the heater outlet
Blockage in hot pipeline
Heater inlet or outlet pipes kinked preventing flow
Refer to installation instructions
Hot tap not connected
Hot tap failed or blocked
Heater non-return valve jammed
102
Disconnect pipes and inspect
Check and re-route if necessary. Ensure that hose is Carver
recommended type
Refer to installation manual
Disconnect and inspect
Seek service attention
Fault Finding
WATER
(continued)
Problem
Possible Cause
Remedy
Water flows from hot tap
but has reduced flow from
cold
Cold water pipe kinked preventing flow
Blockage in cold pipe line
Cold tap not connected
Cold tap failed or blocked
If a water filter is fitted, the cartridge is exhausted
Check and re-route if necessary
Disconnect pipes after 1st Y connector and check up to tap
Refer to installation instructions
Disconnect and inspect
Replace cartridge
Reduced flow from both
hot and cold taps
Battery condition low causing pump to run slowly
If new taps have been fitted they may be restricting flow
Pump needs servicing
Partially blocked pump filter or in-line filter, if fitted
Pump outlet pipe kinked restricting flow
Water leak
Check battery state of charge, refer to electrical supply note
Disconnect and check that they have at least 1/4" (6.3mm) bore
Refer to pump servicing instructions
Dismantle and clean if necessary
Check and re-route if necessary
Check all water connections
Reduced flow from
either tap
Y’ connector(s) fitted incorrectly
Pipe kinking restricting flow
Bore size difference in taps
Refer to installation instructions
Check and re-route if necessary
Use taps of equal bore size
Warm water flows out of
cold tap
Hot water back-feeding into cold line, usually if mixer
tap or single outlet hot and cold taps being used
Fit non-return valve in cold supply, near tap
If pump motor runs
steadily and will not stop
Battery voltage may be too low (below 10.5 volts)
Check that there is water in the container
Adjust switch and/or re-charge battery
Check all connections in pipework
103
Fault Finding
GAS
Problem
Possible Cause
Remedy
Hob does not light
No gas
Check level of gas in bottle
Check gas bottle valve is on
Check gas taps are on
Purge system
Refer to hob manufacturers instructions
Air in pipe
Oven does not light
No gas
Air in pipe
Space heater or central
heating
No gas
Over gassed
Air in pipe
Fridge does not light
No gas
Air in pipe
Water heater does not
light
No gas
Air in pipe
104
Check level of gas in bottle
Check gas bottle valve is on
Check gas taps are on
Purge system
Refer to oven manufacturers instructions
Check level of gas in bottle
Check gas bottle valve is on
Check gas taps are on
Check exhaust outlet is clear
Turn off appliance, wait 2 minutes and try again
Purge system
Refer to space heater or central heating boiler manufacturers instructions
Check level of gas in bottle
Check gas bottle valve is on
Check gas taps are on
Purge system
Refer to fridge manufacturers instructions
Check level of gas in bottle
Check gas bottle valve is on
Check gas taps are on
Purge system
Refer to water heater manufacturers instructions
Fault Finding
CASSETTE TOILET
Problem
Remedy
Bowl does not drain when
toilet is flushed.
Cassette is overfilled
DO NOT REMOVE CASSETTE. While inside the caravan turn flush knob anti-clockwise to open valve blade and
leave it in the open position.
Open access door on side of caravan. Rotate pour-out spout outward. Place appropriate size container under spout cap.
Remove cap carefully. Allow bowl contents to drain into container. This will lower the water level in the bowl.
Replace cap and return pour-out spout to stored position. DO NOT REMOVE CASSETTE.
Go inside the caravan and turn the flush knob clockwise to close valve blade. Now, the cassette may be removed
following the normal removal and emptying procedure.
Odours
Use proper amount of holding tank deodorant specified on bottle.
Toilet tissue does not fit
into compartment.
Since some tissues are supplied on larger rolls, it may be necessary to use some tissue before storing into compartment.
Soiled bowl after flushing
Partially fill bowl to cover soiled portion of bowl. Next flush will dissolve waste. Tip: Leave valve blade open during use.
No power to add water to
toilet bowl
Check cassette safety sensor switch and fuse-holder for proper engagement and operation.
Note: Cassette has to be removed to reach switch and fuse.
Insert cassette and try adding water to toilet bowl.
Toilet can be flushed manually. Add water. Add water to bowl from a separate container. Turn flush knob anti-clockwise
to open valve blade. Turn clockwise to close valve blade.
Cassette cannot be
removed
Check for obstacles under retaining clip. Depress retaining clip several times to check operation. Remove cassette.
Flush knob and valve blade in partial open position. Close valve blade by moving knob clockwise.
CAUTION: If valve blade is open during cassette removal, severe damage to system can occur. Never force insertion
or removal of the cassette tank.
Valve blade mechanism
sticks or is hard to open
Spray light film of silicone on blade.
Major unit malfunction
Contact your original Caravan Dealer.
105
Useful Information
OWNERS CLUB
The Owners Club is a completely
independent organisation run for the benefit
of the caravan owners. They have numerous
rallies during the year in various parts of the
country and every third year there is a
‘Works Rally’ where owners have the
opportunity to visit the factory. Apart from
the friendliness and companionship the Club
generates it is also actively engaged in
charity work for those less fortunate than
ourselves. The address of the Secretary of
the Owners Club can be obtained from
Supercare (SML Ltd), Tel: 01482 875740.
SPARES AND AFTER SALES
SUPERCARE (SML LTD)
There are numerous items available from
your dealer ranging from door catches
through to spare wheels and touch-up
paints. Please note that all after sales
enquiries must be directed through your
supplying dealer. The after sales service at
the factory is geared to support our dealer
network as is the service provided by
appliance manufacturers.
In the interest of safety, replacement parts
for an appliance shall conform to the
appliance manufacturers specifications and
should be fitted by them or their authorised
agents.
Note: Please remember to quote chassis
106
number when ordering any items from your
dealer.
Spares and After Sales
Supercare (SML Ltd)
Dunswell Road
Cottingham
East Yorkshire HU16 4JX
Tel: 01482 875740
Fax: 01482 840082
Customer Care
Tel: 01482 875740
Fax: 01482 840861
NOTE:
The times for contacting Customer Care by
telephone are:
9am to 4pm Monday to Thursday.
9am to 12.45pm Friday.
Swift Group Website
www.swiftleisure.co.uk
Swift Group E-Mail Enquiry
enquiry@swiftleisure.co.uk
REPAIR FACILITIES
Should you be unfortunate enough to suffer
a major accident with your caravan it is
comforting to know that we have a
completely separate repair shop facility
where their fully trained experts will under
take all types of major damage repair work.
Repairs of a minor nature should be referred
first to your local dealer.
FACTORY TOURS
The ultra modern Northmoor production
complex at the heart of the Group’s
manufacturing facilities is now open to the
public, offering you a unique opportunity to
see how the caravans are produced.
The tours operate on a Tuesday and
Thursday between the beginning of April and
the end of September (excluding factory
holidays).
A programme of activities has been created
to make the tour an interesting day out. You
will be met at the Group’s purpose built
Learning Centre and shown a short
corporate video before being given a slide
presentation covering our complete
manufacturing process. Professional Tour
Guides will then take you and your party
around the Northmoor complex which
features state of the art technology.
Headsets are supplied so that you hear
every word your guide says. The tour
finishes at the Group’s after sales facility
which holds parts for caravans up to 20
years old.
Taking part in the tour is by prior booking
only and there is a small charge for adults
and children over sixteen.
To reserve a place, you can complete the
booking form enclosed with your new
caravan or alternatively, arrangements can
be made through any Dealer.
Useful Information
The enjoyment of caravanning can be
greatly enhanced by membership of one or
more of the various caravanning, motoring
and holiday clubs. Here are some useful
addresses:
CARAVAN CLUBS
MOTORING ASSOCIATIONS
TRADE ASSOCIATION
The Caravan Club,
East Grinstead House,
East Grinstead
West Sussex, RH19 IUA
Tel: 01342 326944
Automobile Association (AA)
Fanum House,
Basingstoke,
Hants. RG1 2EA
Tel: 0990 448866
www.theaa.co.uk
e-mail: customer.services@theaa.com
National Caravan Council
Catherine House,
Victoria Road,
Aldershot,
Hampshire, GU11 1SS
Tel: 01252 318251
www.martex.co.uk/ncc
e-mail: mail@martex.co.uk
The Camping and Caravanning Club,
Greenfields House,
Westwood Way,
Coventry,
West Midlands.
Tel: 01203 694995
RAC Motoring Services
RAC House,
M1 Cross,
Brent Terrace,
London, NW2 1BX
Tel: 0990 722722
Green Flag National Breakdown
PO Box 300,
1, Cote Lane,
Leeds, LS99 2LZ
Tel: 0345 670345
CRIS
HPI Equifax
Dolphin House,
New Street,
Salisbury,
Wiltshire SP1 2TB
Tel: 01722 411430/422422
Swift Group Limited
Dunswell Road, Cottingham,
East Yorkshire HU16 4JX
Tel: (Supercare) 01482 875740
e-mail/web site: www.swiftleisure.co.uk
© 1999 SWIFT GROUP LTD.
107
Index
A
B
C
Air Conditioning...............................87
Alarm Module ..................................42
AL-KO
Braking .........................................95
Chassis.......................................100
Coupling/Uncoupling ...................95
Lubrication .................................100
Parking .........................................95
Reversing .....................................95
Shock Absorbers .......................100
Arrival on Site ..................................15
Ash Framed Doors ..........................87
Awnings ...........................................89
Battery .............................................39
Beds ................................................82
Blinds...............................................85
Blizzard Air Conditioner...................87
Brake Linkage..................................99
Braking System ...............................99
Breakaway Cable ............................12
Caravan Clubs ...............................107
Caravan Terms...................................2
Carver Space Heaters .....................58
Cascade Water Heater ....................48
Cassette Toilets ...............................71
Central Heating................................63
Chassis Number ..............................20
Clubs .............................................107
Corner Steadies ......................7/15/99
CRIS ..............................................107
D
Doorscreen ......................................85
Driving Licence ..................................4
E
Electrical Control Module ................38
Electricity Supply.............................30
Arrival on Site...............................30
Generator .....................................35
Mains Inlet Cable .........................32
Overseas Connections.................31
12V ...............................................46
110
Electrical Supply Module.................37
Escape Paths ..................................19
F
G
Factory Tours.................................106
Fanmaster Warm Air Heater ............61
Fault Finding..................................102
Cassette Toilet............................105
Gas.............................................104
Water ..........................................102
Fire ..................................................18
Fire Extinguisher ..............................19
Flyscreens........................................85
Fumes..............................................20
Fuses (DC) .......................................41
Fuses (road lights) ...........................38
Gas Supply ......................................27
Butane..........................................28
Connection...................................29
Fault Finding ..............................104
Flue Installations ..........................29
Gas Bottles ..................................27
Hoses ...........................................28
Precautions ..................................28
Propane........................................28
Regulator......................................27
Safety Advice ...............................28
Ventilation.....................................29
Generators.......................................35
Generator Guidelines.......................40
Glossary and Checklist .....................4
Grill ..................................................55
H
Habitation Relay ..............................40
Handling ..........................................13
Heating ............................................58
Heki Rooflight ..................................86
Hob ..................................................54
I
J
IDM Alarm System...........................42
L
Levelling...........................................15
Loading and Distribution of Weight...7
M
Maintenance ....................................91
Exterior .........................................92
Interior ..........................................92
Winterisation/Storage...................93
Mirrors .............................................13
Motoring Associations...................107
Motorway Driving ............................13
N
Noseweight........................................4
O
Omnivent Rooflight..........................86
Oven ................................................55
Overseas Electrical Connections ....31
Owners Club..................................106
P
Passengers ......................................12
Plugs..................................................5
Preparing for the Road ......................7
Loading & Distribution of Weight ...7
Other Considerations .....................9
Pre-load Checklist..........................7
Pre-tow Checklist and
Hitch Up....................................10
Stability ..........................................8
Towing Vehicle - Rear
Suspension .................................8
Power Modular Systems .................35
Pulling Off ........................................13
R
Refrigerator......................................50
RM4200/4230...............................50
RM4271........................................51
RM4291........................................52
Travel Catch .................................54
Repair Facilities .............................106
Reversing.........................................13
Road Lighting ..................................12
Rooflights ........................................86
Reich 'Charisma' Taps.....................25
S
Safety...............................................17
Security............................................20
Jacking Points .................................14
Jockey Wheel ..................................99
Services ...........................................21
Electricity......................................30
Gas...............................................27
Water ............................................22
Shock Absorbers...........................100
Shower ............................................87
Smoke Alarm ...................................18
Space Heaters.................................58
Spares and After Sales..................106
Speed Limits....................................13
Stability..............................................8
Stopping on a Hill............................14
Stoves Hobs, Grills and Ovens .......54
T
Tables ..............................................88
Taps .................................................24
Thermal Insulation ...........................29
Thetford Cassette Porta Potti .........71
Thetford Cassette C-200.................74
Towing Code......................................2
Towing Vehicle Terms ........................3
Trade Associations ........................107
Transformer/Charger Unit ................40
Tyres ................................................99
V
W
Ventilation ........................................19
Water
Heater...........................................48
Pumps ..........................................48
Tanks and Systems ......................22
Weights..............................................2
Whale Aqua Source.........................23
Whale ‘Elite’ Microswitch Taps........24
Whale 'Elegance' Microswitch
Mixer Taps....................................26
Whale Supersub Systems ...............23
Whale Watermaster System ............22
Wheels .............................................99
Changing......................................14
Rims .............................................10
Torque .......................................9/14
Windows..........................................86
Winter Maintenance
and Storage .................................93
Quality with Style
SWIFT CARAVANS, DUNSWELL ROAD, COTTINGHAM, EAST YORKSHIRE HU16 4JX.
TEL: 01482 847332 FAX: 01482 840082 e-mail/web site: www.swiftleisure.co.uk
Issued September 1999
9830006