HP xw4400 Workstation Service and
Technical Reference Guide
User Guide
Copyright Information
Warranty
© 2006 Copyright Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
Hewlett-Packard Company shall not be liable for technical or editorial
errors or omissions contained herein or for incidental or consequential
damages in connection with the furnishing, performance, or use of
this material. The information in this document is provided “as is”
without warranty of any kind, including, but not limited to, the implied
warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, and
is subject to change without notice. The warranties for HP products
are set forth in the express limited warranty statements
accompanying such products.
Nothing herein should be construed as constituting and additional
warranty.
This document contains proprietary information that is protected by
copyright. No part of this document may be photocopied, reproduced,
or translated to another language without the prior written consent of
Hewlett-Packard Company.
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The HP Invent logo is a trademark of Hewlett-Packard Company in
the U.S. and other countries.
Microsoft and Windows are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group..
Intel and Xeon are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation in the
U.S. and other countries.
Energy Star is U.S. registered mark of the United States
Environmental Protection Agency.
434612-001
First Edition, July 2006
Table of contents
1 Product overview
Product features ................................................................................................................................... 2
Component view .................................................................................................................. 2
Front panel components ..................................................................................................... 3
Rear panel components ...................................................................................................... 3
Serial number and COA label location ................................................................................. 4
Product specifications ......................................................................................................................... 6
Power supply ....................................................................................................................... 6
Power supply specifications ................................................................................ 7
Power consumption ............................................................................................ 7
System fans ....................................................................................................... 9
Resetting the power supply ................................................................................ 9
Environmental specifications .............................................................................................. 9
ENERGY STAR ................................................................................................................................. 11
ENERGY STAR compliance .............................................................................................. 11
Hyper-Threading Technology ............................................................................................................. 12
Dual-core CPUs ................................................................................................................................. 13
HP Cool Tools .................................................................................................................................... 14
2 Installing or restoring the operating system
Installing the operating system and software ..................................................................................... 16
Microsoft Windows XP Professional ................................................................................. 16
Installing or upgrading device drivers ................................................................ 16
Linux-preinstalled workstations .......................................................................................... 16
Starting up the Linux operating system ............................................................. 16
Restoring the Linux operating system ............................................................... 16
Downloading the latest HP driver CD contents ................................ 17
Installing the operating system with the HP driver CD contents ....... 17
Upgrading device drivers .................................................................................. 17
Linux-enabled workstations ............................................................................................... 17
Verifying hardware compatibility ....................................................................... 17
Installing the Linux operating system ................................................................ 18
HP software ........................................................................................................................................ 19
Restoring the Windows operating system .......................................................................................... 20
The RestorePlus! process ................................................................................................. 20
Creating a RestorePlus! CD .............................................................................. 20
Restoring from RestorePlus! CDs ..................................................................... 20
Restoring from RestorePlus! on the Recovery Partition .................................... 20
HP Backup and Recovery Manager restore points ............................................................................ 21
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Restoring from the HP Backup and Recovery Manager restore point CD or DVDs .......... 21
Restoring from the HP Backup and Recovery Manager restore point on the Recovery
Partition .............................................................................................................................. 21
Protecting the software ....................................................................................................................... 22
Ordering backup software .................................................................................................................. 23
3 System management
Computer Setup (F10) Utility .............................................................................................................. 26
BIOS ROM ......................................................................................................................... 27
Using the Computer Setup (F10) Utility ............................................................................ 27
Computer Setup (F10) Utility menu .................................................................................. 28
Desktop management ........................................................................................................................ 34
Initial configuration and deployment .................................................................................. 34
Remote system installation ................................................................................................ 34
Updating and managing software ..................................................................................... 35
HP Client Manager Software ............................................................................. 35
Altiris Client Management Solutions ................................................................. 35
System Software Manager ................................................................................ 36
Proactive Change Notification ........................................................................... 36
Subscriber’s Choice .......................................................................................... 36
ROM flash .......................................................................................................................... 37
Remote ROM Flash .......................................................................................... 37
HPQFlash .......................................................................................................... 37
FailSafe Boot Block ROM ................................................................................. 37
Replicating the setup ......................................................................................... 38
Copying to a single workstation ........................................................ 39
Copying to multiple workstations ...................................................... 39
Dual-State Power Button ................................................................................... 40
World wide website ........................................................................................... 40
Building blocks and partners ............................................................................. 41
Asset tracking and security ................................................................................................ 41
Password security ............................................................................................ 42
Establishing a setup password using the Computer Setup (F10)
Utility ................................................................................................. 42
Establishing a power-on password using workstation setup ............ 43
Entering a power-on password ........................................................ 43
Entering a Setup Password .............................................................. 43
Changing a power-on or setup password ......................................... 44
Deleting a power-on or setup password ............................................................ 45
National keyboard delimiter characters ............................................ 45
Clearing passwords .......................................................................... 46
DriveLock .......................................................................................... 46
DriveLock applications ..................................................... 46
Using DriveLock ............................................................... 47
Hood sensor (smart cover sensor) ................................................................... 48
Setting the hood sensor protection level ......................................... 48
Hood lock (smart cover lock) ............................................................................. 48
Locking the solenoid lock ................................................................. 49
Unlocking the solenoid lock .............................................................. 49
Using the FailSafe key ...................................................................... 49
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Clearing Passwords .......................................................................... 50
Cable lock provision (optional) .......................................................................... 50
Security lock (optional) ...................................................................................... 50
Universal chassis clamp lock (optional) ............................................................ 50
Hood lock (Smart cover lock) (optional) ............................................................ 50
Hood sensor (Smart cover sensor) (optional) ................................................... 50
Access panel key lock ....................................................................................... 50
Fault notification and recovery ........................................................................................... 50
Drive Protection System .................................................................................... 51
ECC fault prediction and prefailure warranty .................................................... 51
Thermal sensor ................................................................................................ 51
4 Removal and replacement procedures
Service considerations ....................................................................................................................... 54
Cautions, warnings, and safety precautions ...................................................................... 54
Electrostatic discharge information .................................................................................... 54
Generating static ............................................................................................... 54
Preventing electrostatic damage to equipment ................................................. 55
Personal grounding methods and equipment .................................................. 55
Grounding the work area ................................................................................... 55
Recommended materials and equipment ......................................................... 56
Tools and software requirements ...................................................................................... 56
Screws ............................................................................................................................... 56
Special handling of components ........................................................................................ 57
Cables and connectors ..................................................................................... 57
Hard drives ........................................................................................................ 58
Lithium coin cell battery ..................................................................................... 58
Customer Self-Repair ......................................................................................................................... 59
Predisassembly procedures ............................................................................................................... 60
System board components ................................................................................................................. 61
System board architecture ................................................................................................ 62
Steps for removal and replacement of components ........................................................................... 63
Disassembly order ............................................................................................................ 63
Security lock (optional) ...................................................................................................... 64
Cable lock (optional) .......................................................................................................... 65
Universal chassis clamp lock (optional) ............................................................................. 65
Side access panel ............................................................................................................. 66
Front Bezel ....................................................................................................................... 67
Bezel blanks ..................................................................................................................... 67
Hood sensor (Smart cover sensor) .................................................................................... 68
Solenoid hood lock (Smart cover lock) (optional) .............................................................. 69
Front panel I/O device assembly ...................................................................................... 69
Power button ..................................................................................................................... 71
System speaker ................................................................................................................. 71
Power supply ..................................................................................................................... 72
System fan assembly ......................................................................................................... 73
Memory .............................................................................................................................. 74
Memory module features .................................................................................. 74
Memory module requirements .......................................................................... 74
Required loading order ...................................................................................... 75
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PCI Slots ............................................................................................................................ 76
........................................................................................................................... 76
PCI retainer ...................................................................................................... 77
PCI Express ..................................................................................................... 78
PCI ................................................................................................................... 80
IEEE-1394 (optional) ......................................................................................................... 81
Front PCI card guide and fan removal (optional) .............................................................. 82
Battery .............................................................................................................................. 83
Power connections to drives ............................................................................................. 84
Optical drive (Minitower position) ...................................................................................... 86
Optical drive (Desktop position) ........................................................................................ 88
Diskette drive (optional) .................................................................................................... 90
SAS hard drive .................................................................................................................. 91
SATA hard drive ............................................................................................................... 94
Installing hard drives in the optical drive bays (optional) ................................... 96
CPU heatsink .................................................................................................................... 98
Processor ........................................................................................................................ 100
System board ................................................................................................................... 102
5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
E-Support ......................................................................................................................................... 106
Help & Support Center and E-Support ............................................................................ 106
Troubleshooting checklist ................................................................................................................. 107
LED color definitions ....................................................................................................................... 108
HP Insight Diagnostics Offline Edition .............................................................................................. 109
Key features and benefits ................................................................................................ 109
Theory of operation .......................................................................................................... 109
Diagnostic Utility on CD ................................................................................................... 109
Downloading the latest diagnostic utility .......................................................................... 110
User Interface .................................................................................................................. 110
Navigation ....................................................................................................... 110
Survey tab ....................................................................................................... 110
Test tab ........................................................................................................... 111
Status tab ......................................................................................................................... 112
Log tab ............................................................................................................................. 112
Help tab ........................................................................................................................... 113
Diagnostic error codes ..................................................................................................................... 114
Diagnostic LED codes ..................................................................................................... 114
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions ......................................................................................... 117
Solving minor problems .................................................................................................. 117
Solving power supply problems ....................................................................................... 118
Testing power supply ...................................................................................... 118
Solving diskette problems ............................................................................................... 120
Solving ............................................................................................................................ 122
Solving display problems ................................................................................................ 123
Solving audio problems .................................................................................................. 124
Solving printer problems .................................................................................................. 125
Solving keyboard and mouse problems ........................................................................... 126
Solving front panel component problems ........................................................................ 127
Solving hardware installation problems ........................................................................... 128
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Solving network problems ............................................................................................... 129
Solving memory problems .............................................................................................. 130
Solving processor problems ........................................................................................... 131
Solving CD-ROM and DVD problems ............................................................................. 131
Solving Internet access problems ................................................................................... 132
POST and error messages ............................................................................................................... 134
Appendix A Appendix A — SAS devices
Supported SAS RAID configurations ................................................................................................ 144
SAS RAID 0 configuration ................................................................................................................ 145
SAS RAID 1 configuration ................................................................................................................ 146
SAS RAID 1E configuration .............................................................................................................. 148
Appendix B Appendix B — SATA devices
Attaching SATA HDDs .................................................................................................................... 152
Configuring system BIOS ................................................................................................................ 153
Creating RAID volumes .................................................................................................................... 154
Deleting RAID volumes .................................................................................................................... 155
Appendix C Appendix C — Connector pins
Connector pin descriptions ............................................................................................................... 158
Appendix D Appendix D — System board designators
Appendix E Appendix E — Routine care
General cleaning safety precautions ............................................................................................... 170
Maximizing the airflow ...................................................................................................................... 171
Cleaning the workstation case ......................................................................................................... 172
Cleaning the keyboard .................................................................................................................... 173
Cleaning the monitor ....................................................................................................................... 174
Cleaning the mouse ......................................................................................................................... 175
Appendix F Appendix F — Additional password security and resetting CMOS
Resetting the password jumper ........................................................................................................ 178
Clearing and Resetting the CMOS ................................................................................................... 179
Using the CMOS Button .................................................................................................. 179
Using Computer Setup to Reset CMOS .......................................................................... 180
Appendix G Appendix G — Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
Initial troubleshooting ....................................................................................................................... 182
No power .......................................................................................................................................... 183
No power, part 1 .............................................................................................................. 183
No power, part 2 .............................................................................................................. 184
No power, part 3 .............................................................................................................. 184
No video ........................................................................................................................................... 186
No video, part 1 ............................................................................................................... 186
No video, part 2 ............................................................................................................... 187
No video, part 3 ............................................................................................................... 187
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Error messages ................................................................................................................................ 189
Error messages, part 1 ................................................................................................... 189
Error messages, part 2 .................................................................................................... 190
Error messages, part 3 .................................................................................................... 190
No operating system loading ............................................................................................................ 192
No operating system loading from hard drive ................................................................................... 193
No operating loading from hard drive, part 1 ................................................................... 193
No operating system loading from hard drive, part 2 ....................................................... 194
No operating system loading from hard drive, part 3 ....................................................... 194
No operating system loading from diskette drive ............................................................................. 196
No operating system loading from CD-ROM drive ........................................................................... 197
No operating system loading from network ...................................................................................... 198
Non-functioning device ..................................................................................................................... 199
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1
Product overview
This chapter presents an overview of the hardware components of the HP xw4400 Workstation.
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●
Product features on page 2
●
Product specifications on page 6
●
ENERGY STAR on page 11
●
Hyper-Threading Technology on page 12
●
Dual-core CPUs on page 13
●
HP Cool Tools on page 14
1
Product features
Component view
The following image shows a typical HP xw4400 workstation. Drive configurations can vary.
For complete and current information on supported accessories and components, see
http://partsurfer.hp.com.
Figure 1-1 Component view
Table 1-1 Component view
2
Item
Description
Item
Description
1
Power supply
9
Processor
2
Hard drive
10
Memory module
3
Optical drive
11
System board
4
Side access panel
12
PCI Express card
5
System fan
13
PCI card
6
Chassis
14
Speaker
7
Diskette drive
15
Front bezel
8
CPU heatsink
Chapter 1 Product overview
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Front panel components
The following image shows a typical HP xw4400 Workstation. Drive configurations can vary.
Figure 1-2 Front panel components
Table 1-2 Front panel components
Item
Description
Item
Description
1
Optical drive eject button
8
IEEE-1394 Connector (optional)
2
Power on light
9
Diskette drive eject button
3
Power button
10
Diskette drive activity light
4
Hard drive activity light
11
Diskette drive (optional)
5
Universal Serial Bus 2.0 (USB) (x2)
12
5.25–inch drive bays (x2)
6
Headphone connector
13
Optical drive activity light
7
Microphone connector
14
Optical drive
Rear panel components
The following illustrations shows a typical HP xw4400 workstation.
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Product features
3
Figure 1-3 Rear panel components
Table 1-3 Rear panel components
Item
Description
Item
Description
1
Power supply Built-In Self Test (BIST) LED
9
Graphics adapter
2
Universal chassis clamp opening
10
USB 2.0 (x2)
3
PS/2 mouse connector (green)
11
Microphone connector (pink)
4
Parallel connector (burgandy)
12
Audio line-out connector (lime)
5
Audio line-in connector (light blue)
13
USB 2.0 (x5)
6
RJ-45 network connector
14
Serial connector (teal)
7
Cable lock slot
15
PS/2 keyboard connector
8
Padlock loop
16
Power cord connector
The rear panel connectors are labeled with industry-standard icons and colors to assist you in connecting your peripheral
devices.
Serial number and COA label location
Each workstation has two unique serial number labels 1 and a Certificate of Authentication (COA)
label 2 (for Windows preinstalled systems only). In general, the serial number labels can be found on
the top panel or on the side of the unit and at the rear of the unit. Keep this number available when
contacting customer service for assistance.
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Chapter 1 Product overview
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Figure 1-4 Serial number and COA label location
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Product features
5
Product specifications
The following table lists the physical dimensions for the HP xw4400 Workstation.
Table 1-4 Physical characteristics
Weight (typical
configuration)
16 kg (35 lb)
Tower dimensions
45 cm (17.7 in.) high
16.8 cm (6.6 in.) wide
45.6 cm (17.9 in.) deep
Power supply
This section describes power supply specifications for the HP xw4400 Workstation.
●
+3.3V—PCI, PCI Express, audio, CK-410, ICH7R, super I/O, BIOS ROM, and on-board logic
●
+5V—storage (disk, optical, diskette), PCI, PCI Express, ICH7R, audio, keyboard/mouse
●
+12V-A—PCI, PCI Express, and system fans
●
+12V-B—storage (disk, optical, diskette), PCI Express x16 auxiliary connector
●
+12VCPU—input to on-board regulator that supplies power for the CPU
●
-12V—PCI
●
5VSB—sleep circuitry
Table 1-5 Max current per rail
Voltage rail
Maximum continuous current
3.3 V
15 A
5V
21 A
12 VCPU
15 A
12 V-A
15.5 A
12 V-B
11 A
V12N
.3 A
5 VSB
2.0 A
WARNING! Do not exceed 110 W of 5-V and 3.3-V power combination.
Do not exceed 31.5A (378W) of 12V (CPU/A/B) power combination.
Do not exceed 460 W of total continuous output power.
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Chapter 1 Product overview
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Power supply specifications
Table 1-6 Power supply specifications
Power supply
460 watt custom power supply – (Wide Ranging, Active PFC)
Operating voltage range
90 – 269 VAC
Rated voltage range
100–240 VAC
118 VAC
Rated line frequency
50–60Hz
400Hz
Operating line frequency range
47–66 Hz
393–407Hz
Rated input current
7.4A @ 100-240VAC
7.4 A @ 118 VAC
Heat dissipation
Typical 1121 btu/hr=(283 kg-cal/hr)
(Configuration and software dependent)
Maximum 2415 btu/hr=(609 kg-cal/hr)
Power Supply fan
92x25 mm variable speed
Energy Star compliant
Yes
Blue Angel Compliant (<5w in S5 – Power Off)
N/A
FEMP Standby Power Compliant @115V (<2W in
S5 – Power Off)
Yes
Power Consumption in ES Mode – Suspend to
RAM (S3) (Instantly Available PC)
< 7W
Power consumption
The following table lists the power consumption for one typical configuration based on primary power
consumptions. Another typical configuration is listed below.
●
1 x 3.4GHz Pentium D processor
●
2x1GB 667MHz memory
●
FX1500 graphics card
●
2 x 160GB SATA hard drives
●
2 optical drives
●
Diskette drive
●
1 monitor, powered separately
Table 1-7 Energy consumption
115 VAC
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230 VAC
100 VAC
LAN
enabled
LAN
disabled
LAN
enabled
LAN
disabled
LAN
enabled
LAN
disabled
Windows idle (SO)
127 W
126 W
127 W
126 W
129 W
128 W
Windows busy (S0)
224 W
223 W
221 W
220 W
226 W
225 W
Product specifications
7
Table 1-7 Energy consumption (continued)
Sleep (S3)*
3.3 W
2.6 W
6.9 W
6.1 W
3.3 W
2.5 W
Power off (S5)
1.9 W
1.2 W
5.4 W
4.8 W
1.9 W
1.2 W
* Values are approximate.
NOTE To reach zero power consumption, disconnect the workstation from the power outlet or
use a power strip to switch off the power.
For additional information on power-saving features, see your operating system documentation.
Table 1-8 Heat dissipation**
115 VAC
230 VAC
100 VAC
LAN enabled
LAN disabled
LAN enabled
LAN disabled
LAN enabled
LAN disabled
Windows idle (SO)
433 btu/hr
430 btu/hr
433 btu/hr
430 btu/hr
440 btu/hr
437 btu/hr
Windows busy (S0)
765 btu/hr
761 btu/hr
754 btu/hr
751 btu/hr
771 btu/hr
768 btu/hr
Sleep (S3)*
11.3 btu/hr
8.9 btu/hr
23.5 btu/hr
20.8 btu/hr
11.3 btu/hr
8.5 btu/hr
Power off (S5)
6.4 btu/hr
4.1 btu/hr
16.7 btu/hr
14.3 btu/hr
6.4 btu/hr
4.1 btu/hr
* Energy Star lower energy mode.
** Heat dissipation is calculated based on the measured watts, assuming the service level is attained for one hour.
The following table lists the power consumption for another typical configuration based on primary power
consumptions.
●
1 x 2.93GHz Core 2 Extreme
●
2 x 1GB 667MHz
●
FX3500
●
2 x 160GB SATA
●
2 x Optical drives
●
1 diskette drive
Table 1-9 Energy consumption
115 VAC
8
230 VAC
100 VAC
LAN
enabled
LAN
disabled
LAN
enabled
LAN
disabled
LAN
enabled
LAN
disabled
Windows idle (SO)
117 W
116 W
117 W
116 W
119 W
118 W
Windows busy (S0)
191 W
190 W
188 W
187 W
191 W
190 W
Sleep (S3)*
3.3 W
2.6 W
6.9 W
6.1 W
3.3 W
2.5 W
Power off (S5)
1.9 W
1.2 W
4.9 W
4.2 W
1.9 W
1.2 W
Chapter 1 Product overview
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Table 1-10 Heat dissipation**
115 VAC
230 VAC
100 VAC
LAN
enabled
LAN disabled
LAN enabled
LAN disabled
LAN enabled
LAN disabled
Windows idle (SO)
399 btu/hr
396 btu/hr
399 btu/hr
396 btu/hr
406 btu/hr
403 btu/hr
Windows busy (S0)
652 btu/hr
648 btu/hr
642 btu/hr
638 btu/hr
652 btu/hr
648 btu/hr
Sleep (S3)*
11.3 btu/hr
8.9 btu/hr
23.5 btu/hr
20.8 btu/hr
11.3 btu/hr
8.5 btu/hr
Power off (S5)
6.4 btu/hr
4.1 btu/hr
16.7 btu/hr
14.3 btu/hr
6.4 btu/hr
4.1 btu/hr
* Energy Star lower energy mode.
** Heat dissipation is calculated based on the measured watts, assuming the service level is attained for one hour.
This product is in compliance with US executive order 13221, WOL (wake on LAN) disabled.
System fans
The workstation includes a rear system fan, one memory fan, one CPU heatsink fan, one power supply
fan, plus an optional front system fan is available for special considerations.
Resetting the power supply
If an overload triggers the power supply overload protection, all power is immediately disconnected. To
reset the power supply unit:
1.
Disconnect the power cord.
2.
Determine what caused the overload and fix the problem.
3.
Reconnect the power cord and reboot the workstation.
When you power down the workstation through the operating system, power consumption falls below
the low power consumption but does not reach zero. This on/off feature extends the life of the power
supply.
Environmental specifications
This section describes environmental specifications of your workstation.
Table 1-11 Environmental specifications
Temperature (operating)
40° to 95°F (5° to 35°C)
Temperature (non-operating)
-40° to 140°F (-40° to 60°C)
Humidity (operating)
8% to 85% RH, non-condensing
Humidity (non-operating)
8% to 90% RH, non-condensing
Altitude (operating)
0 to 10,000 ft (3,048 m)
Altitude (non-operating)
0 to 30,000 ft (9,144 m)
Shock (operating)
1/2-sine: 40 G, 2–3 ms
Shock (non-operating)
1/2-sine: 160 cm/s, 2–3 ms (~100g)
Square: 20 G, 422 cm/s
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Product specifications
9
Table 1-11 Environmental specifications (continued)
NOTE Values represent individual shock events and
are not indicative of repetitive shock events.
Vibration (operating)
Operating random: 0.5 G rms, 5–300 Hz
Vibration (non-operating)
Random: 2.0 G(rms), 10–500 Hz
NOTE Values are not indicative of continuous
vibration.
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Chapter 1 Product overview
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ENERGY STAR
The ENERGY STAR® program, a government-backed initiative, promotes energy efficiency by
identifying ways to reduce energy consumption. Select HP workstations participate in the ENERGY
STAR program.
NOTE
ENERGY STAR is not supported on Linux-based workstations.
For those workstations that support ENERGY STAR and have it enabled, the power management
features will be set as follows:
●
Monitor—Enters power savings mode after 20 minutes of inactivity.
●
System—Enters standby mode after 20 minutes of inactivity.
NOTE If you must restore the operating system, reset the ENERGY STAR settings (if
applicable) after the restore.
To verify the factory default power settings for your product, select Start>Control Panel and doubleclick Power Options.
ENERGY STAR compliance
HP products purchased with the ENERGY STAR configuration are compliant with the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Computers Program. The EPA ENERGY STAR configuration
does not imply endorsement by the EPA. As an ENERGY STAR partner, HP has determined that
products with the ENERGY STAR configuration meet the ENERGY STAR guidelines for energy
efficiency.
The ENERGY STAR Computers Program was created by the EPA to promote energy efficiency and
reduce air pollution through more energy-efficient equipment in homes, offices, and factories. HP
products achieve this result by reducing the power consumption when not being used.
ENERGY STAR on HP Workstations uses Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) power
management. The system can wake as a result of a user action (keyboard or mouse) or from the network
or a modem.
The Power Management feature, when used in conjunction with an external ENERGY STAR-compliant
monitor, supports the power-down features of the monitor. The Power Management feature allows an
external monitor to go into low-power mode when the Energy Save timeout occurs.
NOTE Using the ENERGY STAR Save Monitor feature with non-ENERGY STAR-compliant
monitors might cause video distortion when the Energy Save timeout occurs.
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ENERGY STAR
11
Hyper-Threading Technology
HT Technology is a high performance technology, developed by Intel, that allows a single processor to
execute multiple threads of instructions simultaneously. HT Technology enables the Intel processor to
utilize its execution resources more efficiently, delivering performance increases and improving user
productivity. HT Technology is comparable to creating two “virtual” processors. It mimics a second core
by giving work to under-utilized execution units. However, if there are no under-utilized execution units
to work with, HT Technology does not provide any benefit, so not all system applications benefit from
the technology.
To see if HT Technology can benefit you, test your system by turning on the feature.
NOTE If your processor does not support HT Technology, Hyper-Threading will not be an option
in the Computer Setup (F10) menu.
To enable HT Technology:
●
The Computer Setup (F10) menu can be used to turn this feature on or off. To enter Computer
Setup, during power up, wait for the prompt F10=setup to appear on the lower right corner of the
screen. After the prompt appears, press the F10 key to enter F10 setup. At Computer Setup,
select Advanced > Device Options > Hyper-Threading, then choose whether to enable or
disable the HT Technology.
●
Click the HP Cool Tools icon, select HP Protect Tools Security Manager, select BIOS
Configuration, click the Advanced tab, click Device Options and enable Hyper-Threading.
If the HP Cool Tools icon is not on your desktop, click Start > All Programs > HP Cool Tools >
HP Protect Tools Security Manager. Within HP Protect Tools Security Manager, select BIOS
Configuration, click the Advanced tab, click Device Options and enable Hyper-Threading.
NOTE Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS 3 supports HT Technology. An SMP-capable kernel must
be installed on your system before this technology can be utilized. For information on how to do
this, refer to the HP User Manual for Linux at www.hp.com/support/linux_user_manual.
For more information about the HT Technology, visit the Intel Web site at www.intel.com.
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Chapter 1 Product overview
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Dual-core CPUs
The HP xw4400 Workstation contains a dual-core processor. Like HT Technology, dual-core processors
enable better performance over traditional processors. Dual-core processors provide the system with
two true processors in a single socket, rather than the two "virtual" processors provided by HT
Technology. Dual-core processors can better handle the load of multi-threaded applications (such as
rendering an image in Digital Content Creation) and highly multi-tasked environments (such as running
several productivity applications while listening to music).
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Dual-core CPUs
13
HP Cool Tools
HP xw4400 Workstation comes preloaded with additional software that is not automatically installed
when you first boot your system. Additionally, a number of valuable pre-installed tools on your
workstation can enhance your workstation experience. To access or learn more about these
applications:
●
Open the HP Cool Tools folder by selecting Start > All Programs > HP Cool Tools.
●
Click the HP Cool Tools icon on the desktop.
To learn more about these applications, click HP Cool Tools—Learn More.
To install or launch the applications, click the appropriate application.
14
Chapter 1 Product overview
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2
Installing or restoring the operating
system
This chapter describes the installation and restoration of the operating system.
●
Installing the operating system and software on page 16
●
HP software on page 19
●
Restoring the Windows operating system on page 20
●
HP Backup and Recovery Manager restore points on page 21
●
Protecting the software on page 22
●
Ordering backup software on page 23
If your workstation was shipped with a preinstalled operating system, it is configured automatically the
first time your workstation is powered on.
Adding optional hardware devices to your workstation before the operating system successfully installs
can cause errors and prevent the operating system from installing properly.
CAUTION After the automatic installation has begun, do not power off your workstation until
this process completes. Powering off your workstation during the installation process might
damage the software that runs the system.
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15
Installing the operating system and software
The following sections discuss operating system and HP software installation procedures.
Microsoft Windows XP Professional
The first time you power on your workstation, you are prompted to select a language for the operating
system. After selecting the language, read and follow the instructions on the screen to complete the
installation of the operating system. This process takes approximately 10 minutes, depending on the
system hardware configuration. During the process, do not power off your workstation unless you are
directed to do so.
Installing or upgrading device drivers
To install hardware devices, such as a printer, a display adapter, or network adapter after the operating
system installation is completed, the operating system needs access to the appropriate software drivers
for the devices. Device drivers are usually provided on a CD supplied with the peripheral device.
Some existing peripheral devices might not have been shipped with drivers developed for Windows XP.
To locate the most current device drivers, see http://www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport.
Linux-preinstalled workstations
If you have a Linux-preinstalled workstation, follow the instructions in this section to set up your operating
system and software.
After the boot process completes, you can view additional HP Linux documentation by opening your
Internet browser (the browser is automatically set to use the local HP documentation page as its default).
You can also access Linux Web links for Red Hat (Internet access required) by using your Internet
browser.
For additional information about setting up Linux-preinstalled or Linux-enabled workstations, refer to
the HP User Manual for Linux at http://www.hp.com/support/linux_user_manual.
For more information about HP and Linux, see http://www.hp.com/linux.
Starting up the Linux operating system
The first time your workstation is booted, the Red Hat First Boot utility displays. This program enables
you to enter your password, network, graphics, time, and keyboard settings for your workstation.
CAUTION After the automatic installation has begun, do not power down your workstation until
the process is complete. Powering down your workstation during the installation process might
damage the software that runs your workstation or prevent its proper installation.
When you enable the YPBind feature in the Network tab of the Linux Setup Tool, you might get a blank
screen for about 15–30 seconds after you have selected and saved all of your settings and exited the
utility. This behavior is normal. The boot process continues its execution after the screen returns.
Restoring the Linux operating system
To restore the Linux operating system, the HP Driver CD and Red Hat box set are required. Download
the latest HP Driver CD to get any new enhancements.
16
Chapter 2 Installing or restoring the operating system
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Linux does not support mixed drive types for a manufacturing preload. When restoring the operating
system, mixed drive types can be handled with the restoring media.
Downloading the latest HP driver CD contents
See http://www.hp.com and select Software and Drive Downloads. Find your workstation and
operating system. Select your driver CD under Software, and follow the directions under Release
Notes.
Installing the operating system with the HP driver CD contents
1.
Boot your workstation from the Red Hat box set Binary CD 1.
2.
Insert the Linux operating system CDs from the Red Hat box set as prompted.
3.
Continue following the prompts until the operating system is successfully installed.
4.
Configure the X server to start on reboot.
5.
Reboot your workstation.
6.
Follow the prompts to set up your system with the Red Hat First Boot utility.
7.
When prompted in First Boot to add additional CDs, insert the HP Driver CD into the CD-ROM tray
of your workstation.
8.
Click Install next to “Additional CDs.” The HP Driver CD window opens.
9.
Click Press to begin install.
When the install is done, you will have two options— Reboot now... on the left side and Press to
continue, reboot later... on the right side.
10. Click Reboot now...
Upgrading device drivers
To upgrade a Linux device driver, see http://www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport.
Linux-enabled workstations
Linux-enabled workstations are not preinstalled with Linux. They require the HP Installer Kit for Linux
and the purchase of a Red Hat box set. The Installer kit includes the HP CDs necessary to complete
the installation of all versions of the Red Hat box set that have been verified to work on HP workstation
hardware.
Verifying hardware compatibility
To determine which Linux versions have been verified to work on HP workstation hardware:
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1.
Go to http://www.hp.com/support/linux_hardware_matrix.
2.
Select your HP workstation model.
Installing the operating system and software
17
Installing the Linux operating system
To install the Linux operating system on your Linux-enabled system, follow the instructions for Restoring
the Linux operating system on page 16 in this chapter.
For more information concerning the setup of Linux-preinstalled or Linux-enabled workstations, refer to
the HP User Manual for Linux located at http://www.hp.com/support/linux_user_manual.
For more information about HP and Linux, see http://www.hp.com/linux.
18
Chapter 2 Installing or restoring the operating system
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HP software
The following HP software may be installed on your workstation depending on the operating system and
options:
●
Computer Setup (F10) Utilities and diagnostic features
●
HP Support Software including device drivers
●
Security Management tools (optional)
●
Software Support Management tools
Additional software is available for download:
●
HP Client Manager Software is available at http://www.hp.com/go/easydeploy.
●
System Software Manager is available at http://www.hp.com/go/ssm.
NOTE Additional HP software might be required in certain situations.
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HP software
19
Restoring the Windows operating system
Your workstation has a several methods to restore your Windows XP operating system to a near-factory
state, or to the state of the system at a predefined snapshot in time. Your system has a recovery partition
on the system hard drive that contains software and data required for the restore process as described
in the following sections.
The RestorePlus! process
The Window operating system and device drivers (for devices shipped with the system) are reinstalled
using this process. Some application software may not be restored using the RestorePlus! process. In
this case you must install the application software from the appropriate application CD. The RestorePlus!
process can be executed from CD or from the recovery partition contained on your system hard drive.
CAUTION Backup your data before you attempt any operating system restore. All data on the
Windows partition will be deleted when you restore using the RestorePlus! process. However,
the recovery partition on the system drive and other partitions should not be affected.
Creating a RestorePlus! CD
You can create a set of the CDs from your system if you have a CD burner. When you first boot your
system, you will be prompted to make CDs for RestorePlus!, the Windows operating system, and a
supplemental HP Backup and Recovery Manager CD. (There may be additional CDs you can create
depending on the options you purchased.) You also have the option to move images of the CDs to
another location, such as a network share, to be burned to CD at a later time or from another system.
Restoring from RestorePlus! CDs
The RestorePlus! process can be started by booting from the RestorePlus! CD.
Restoring from RestorePlus! on the Recovery Partition
Follow these steps to start the RestorePlus! process from the Emergency Recovery menu:
1.
Boot the workstation.
2.
Press the F11 key when prompted during the boot process to enter the Emergency Recovery menu.
The F11 prompt appears briefly during the boot process.
3.
Select Recover PC’s factory installed operating system, drivers, utilities, and applications
from the Emergency Recovery menu.
NOTE Some applications may not be restored using this method.
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Chapter 2 Installing or restoring the operating system
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HP Backup and Recovery Manager restore points
HP Backup and Recovery Manager is preinstalled on your workstation. This software allows you to
backup and restore your system and data. You will be prompted to make RestorePlus! CDs at the first
boot of the system. An Initial Restore Point (IRP) will be created automatically. This restore point is a
complete snapshot of the system partition at the time the IRP was created. The IRP is stored in the
recovery partition on the system hard drive, but you can also burn the IRP to CDs, DVDs, or copy it to
another location. The restore point can be used to return the system partition back to the state the system
was when captured.
Restoring from the HP Backup and Recovery Manager restore point CD or
DVDs
The HP Backup and Recovery Manager (HPBR) restore point can be burned to CD or DVDs and used
to restore the system. Typically you would used the CD/DVD set if the hard drive has been replaced or
all partitions have been corrupted. Boot the system from the HPBR restore point CD/DVD and follow
the online instructions.
Restoring from the HP Backup and Recovery Manager restore point on the
Recovery Partition
The HP Backup and Recovery Manager (HPBR) Initial Restore Point is stored in the system recovery
partition and can be restored using the Emergency Recovery menu. Boot your system and press the
F11 key when prompted to enter the Emergency Recovery menu. The F11 prompt appears briefly during
the boot process. From the Emergency Recovery menu, choose Recover PC to a specific point in
time and follow the instructions.
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HP Backup and Recovery Manager restore points
21
Protecting the software
To protect software from loss or damage, keep a backup copy of all system software, applications, and
related files stored on the hard drive. See the operating system or backup utility documentation for
instructions on making backup copies of data files.
22
Chapter 2 Installing or restoring the operating system
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Ordering backup software
If you are unable to create system recovery CDs or DVDs, the HP Restore Plus CD set can be obtained
through product support on http://www.hp.com/support.
NOTE Before calling HP to order the software, be sure to have the serial number of your
workstation available.
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Ordering backup software
23
24
Chapter 2 Installing or restoring the operating system
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3
System management
This section describes the various tools and utilities that allow for the system management of the
workstation.
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●
Computer Setup (F10) Utility on page 26
●
Desktop management on page 34
25
Computer Setup (F10) Utility
The Computer Setup (F10) Utility enables you to:
26
●
Change factory default settings and set or change the system configuration, which might be
necessary when you add or remove hardware.
●
Determine if all of the devices installed on the workstation are recognized by the system and
functioning properly.
●
Determine information about the operating environment of the workstation.
●
Solve system configuration errors detected but not automatically fixed during the Power-On SelfTest (POST).
●
Establish and manage passwords and other security features.
●
Establish and manage energy-saving time-outs (not supported for Linux platforms).
●
Modify or restore factory default settings.
●
Set the system date and time.
●
Set, view, change, or verify the system configuration, including settings for processor, graphics,
memory, audio, storage, communications, and input devices.
●
Modify the boot order of installed mass storage devices such as SATA, SAS, diskette drives, optical
drives, network drives, and LS-120 drives.
●
Configure the boot priority of SATA and SAS hard drive controllers.
●
Enable or disable Network Server Mode, which enables the workstation to boot the operating
system when the power-on password is enabled with or without a keyboard or mouse attached.
When attached to the system, the keyboard and mouse remain locked until the power-on password
is entered.
●
Select POST Messages Enabled or Disabled to change the display status of POST messages.
POST Messages Disabled suppresses most POST messages, such as memory count, product
name, and other non-error text messages. If a POST error occurs, the error is displayed regardless
of the mode selected. To manually switch to POST Messages Enabled during POST, press any
key (except F1 through F12).
●
Establish an Ownership Tag, the text of which is displayed each time the system is powered on or
restarted.
●
Enter the Asset Tag or property identification number assigned by your company to this
workstation.
●
Enable power-on password prompting during system restarts (warm boots) and power-on.
●
Hide or make available the integrated I/O functionality, including the serial, USB, or parallel ports,
audio, or embedded NIC. Any hidden devices are inaccessible and increase overall system
security.
●
Enable or disable removable media boot ability.
●
Enable or disable removable media write ability (when supported by hardware).
Chapter 3 System management
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●
Replicate your system setup by saving system configuration information on diskette and restoring
it on one or more workstations.
●
Execute self-tests on specified SATA and SAS hard drives (when supported by the drive).
BIOS ROM
The BIOS of the computer is a collection of machine language programs stored as firmware in ROM.
The BIOS ROM includes such functions as POST, PCI device initialization, plug-in-play support, power
management activities, and the Computer Setup (F10) Utility. The firmware contained in the BIOS ROM
supports the following systems and specifications:
●
Microsoft WHQL
●
Alert-On-LAN (AOL) and Wake-On-LAN (WOL)
●
ACPI 1.0 and OnNow
●
SMBIOS 2.3.5
●
PC98/99/00 and NetPC
●
PXE boot ROM for the integrated LAN controller
●
BIOS Boot Specification 1.01
●
Enhanced Disk Drive Specification 3.0
●
“El Torito” Bootable CD-ROM Format Specification 1.0
●
ATAPI Removable Media Device BIOS Specification 1.0
●
MPS Specification 1.4 (for booting Linux SMP)
The BIOS ROM is a 1MB Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) part. The runtime portion of the BIOS resides
in a 128-K block from E0000h to FFFFFh.
Using the Computer Setup (F10) Utility
You can only open the Computer Setup (F10) Utility by powering on the workstation or restarting the
workstation. To access the Computer Setup (F10) Utility menu:
1.
Power on or restart the workstation.
2.
Press the F10 key as soon as your display is active and you see F10=Setup appear in the lower
right corner of the screen.
NOTE If you do not press F10 at the appropriate time, try again. Turn the workstation off,
then on, and press F10 again to access the utility, or press the Ctrl + Alt + Delete keys before
boot if you miss the opportunity to press F10.
3.
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Select your language from the list and press the Enter key. In the Computer Setup (F10) Utility
menu, five headings are displayed: File, Storage, Security, Power, and Advanced.
Computer Setup (F10) Utility
27
4.
Use the arrow (left and right) keys to select the appropriate heading. Use the arrow (up and down)
keys to select the option you want, and press Enter.
5.
To apply and save changes, select File>Save Changes then select Exit.
●
If you have made changes that you do not want applied, select Ignore Changes and Exit.
●
To reset to factory settings, select File>Default setup>Restore Factory Settings as
Default. Press F10 to accept the changes. Select Apply Defaults and Exit. This option
restores the original factory system defaults.
CAUTION Do not power off the workstation while the ROM is saving your Computer Setup
(F10) Utility changes because the Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) could
become corrupted. After you exit the F10 Setup screen, it is safe to disconnect power from the
workstation.
Computer Setup (F10) Utility menu
NOTE The following content is subject to change with new BIOS releases, so your menu might
be different than shown.
Table 3-1 Computer Setup (F10) Utility menu descriptions
Heading
Option
Description
File
System
Information
Lists product name, SKU number, processor type/speed/stepping, cache size (L1/L2), installed
memory size, integrated MAC, system BIOS, chassis serial number, and asset tracking number.
About
Displays copyright information.
Set Time and
Date
Enables you to set system time and date.
Flash System
ROM
Diskette A:
Enables you to upgrade the BIOS when a ROM image is saved on a diskette.
CD-ROM
Enables you to upgrade the BIOS when a ROM image is saved on a CD.
Replicated
Setup
Save to Removable Media
Saves system configuration, including CMOS, to a formatted, blank 1.44-MB diskette in the
CPQsetup.txt file. Save/Restore for is supported.
Restore to Removable Media
Restores system configuration from a diskette.
Default Setup
Save Current Settings as Default
Saves the current settings as default settings for the next operation.
Restore Factory Settings as Default
Restores the factory settings as the default settings for the next operation.
Apply Defaults
and Exit
28
Restores factory default settings, which includes clearing any established passwords.
Chapter 3 System management
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Table 3-1 Computer Setup (F10) Utility menu descriptions (continued)
Heading
Storage
Option
Description
Ignore Changes
and Exit
Exits Computer Setup without applying or saving any changes.
Save Changes
and Exit
Saves changes to system configuration and exits Computer Setup.
Device
Configuration
Lists all installed non-SCSI storage devices and provides options for getting specific information
about each device.
NOTE SCSI storage drives will not be listed in Computer Setup (F10).
Hard Disk
Provides information about the hard disk drives in the system.
CD-ROM
Provides information about the CD-ROM drives in the system.
Diskette Type (for legacy diskette drives only) Identifies the highest capacity media type accepted
by the diskette drive. Options are 3.5" 1.44 MB, 5.25" 1.2 MB, and Not Installed.
Default Values
Multisector Transfers Options are 8, 16, and Disable.
Transfer Mode Specifies the active data transfer mode. Options (subject to device capabilities) are
Max UDMA, PIO0, Max PIO, Enhanced DMA, and Ultra DMA0
A new Automatic option has been added to allow for BIOS to automatically determine the
translation mode used to configure a previously formatted SATA or USB mass storage device. This
prevents you from having to know how the mass storage device was previously formatted.
Ordinarily, the translation mode selected automatically by the BIOS should not be changed. If the
selected translation mode is not compatible with the translation mode that was active when the
disk was partitioned and formatted, the data on the disk will be inaccessible.
Translation Mode Options are Automatic, Bit Shift, LBA Assisted, Use (Cylinders, Heads, Sectors),
and Off.
Storage Options
Removable Media Boot
Enables/disables ability to boot the system from removable media.
Legacy Diskette Write
Enables/disables ability to write data to removable media.
BIOS DMA Transfers
Enable/disables the BIOS use of DMA for transfers.
SATA Emulation
Options are Separate IDE Controller, Combined IDE Controller, and RAID+AHCI
NOTE DriveLock is not available in RAID+AHCI mode.
IDE Controller
Enables/disables primary IDE controller.
Primary SATA Controller
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Computer Setup (F10) Utility
29
Table 3-1 Computer Setup (F10) Utility menu descriptions (continued)
Heading
Option
Description
Enables/disables SATA controller #0.
Secondary SATA Controller
Enables/disables SATA controller #1.
DPS Self-test
Enables you to select a drive test.
Boot Order
Shortcut to Temporarily Override Boot Order: To boot one time from a device other than the default
device specified in Boot Order, restart the workstation and press F9 when the F10=Setup message
appears on the screen. After POST is completed, a list of bootable devices is displayed. Use the
arrow keys to select the preferred bootable device and press Enter. The workstation then boots
from the selected non-default device for this one time.
NOTE MS-DOS drive lettering assignments might not apply after a non-MS-DOS
operating system has started.
Allows you to prioritize the devices boot order. Press Enter to drag a device to a preferred place.
Press F5 to remove the device from consideration as a bootable device.
Security
Controller Order
Allows you to specify the order of the attached hard drive controller. The first hard drive controller
in the order will have priority in the boot sequence and will be recognized as drive C (if any devices
are attached).
Setup
Password
Allows you to set and enable setup (administrator) password.
NOTE If the setup password is set, it is required to change Computer Setup options,
flash the ROM, and make changes to certain PnP settings under Windows.
Power-On
Password
Allows you to set and enable power-on password.
Drivelock
Security
Allows you to set and enable the drivelock password.
NOTE Enabling DriveLock can render a hard drive permanently inaccessible if the
master password is lost or forgotten. No method exists to recover the password or access
the data.
Smart Cover
Allows you to disable cover removal sensor or to notify user if sensor has been activated.
Device Security
Serial Port Specifies if device is available or hidden to the OS.
Parallel Port Specifies if device is available or hidden to the OS.
All USB Ports Specifies if device is available or hidden to the OS.
Front USB Ports Specifies if device is available or hidden to the OS.
System Audio Specifies if device is available or hidden to the OS.
Network Controller Specifies if device is available or hidden to the OS.
Embedded Security Device Specifies if device is available or hidden to the OS.
Network Service
Boot
30
Enables/disables the ability to boot to the network by way of the F12 key or the boot order.
Chapter 3 System management
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Table 3-1 Computer Setup (F10) Utility menu descriptions (continued)
Heading
Power
Option
Description
System IDs
Allows you to set:
●
Asset tag (16-byte identifier) and ownership tag (80-byte identifier displayed during POST).
●
Universal Unique Identifier (UUID) number, which can only be updated if the current chassis
serial number is invalid. (These ID numbers are normally set in the factory and are used to
uniquely identify the system.)
●
Keyboard locale setting (for example, English or German) for System ID entry.
Data Execution
Prevention
Enables/disables a mode that helps prevent OS security breaches.
OS Power
Management
Enables/disables ACPI S3 Support, ACPI S3 Hard Disk Reset, ACPI S3 P52 Mouse Wakeup, USB
Wake on Device Insertion
Hardware Power Enables/disables SATA Power Management
Management
Advanced
**
Thermal
Allows you set the rate of the system fan when CPU is in idle.
Power-On
Options
Allows you to set:
Execute
Memory Test
●
POST Mode (QuickBoot, FullBoot, or FullBoot every 1–30 days).
●
POST Messages (enable/disable).
●
F9 Prompt (enable/disable). Enabling this feature will display the text F9=Boot Menu during
POST. Disabling this feature prevents the text from being displayed. However, pressing
the F9 key will still access the Shortcut Boot [Order] Menu screen.
●
F10 Prompt (enable/disable). Enabling this feature displays the text F10=Setup during POST.
Disabling this feature prevents the text from being displayed but pressing F10 still accesses
the Setup screen.
●
F12 Prompt (enable/disable). Enabling this feature displays the text F12=Network Service
Boot during POST. Disabling this feature prevents the text from being displayed
but pressing F12 still forces the system to attempt booting from the network.
●
Option ROM* prompt (enable/disable). Enabling this feature causes the system to display a
message before loading options ROMs.
●
Remote Wakeup Boot Source
●
After Power Loss (on/off)
●
POST Delay (in seconds) (enable/disable). Enabling this feature adds a user-specified delay
to the POST process. This delay is sometimes needed for hard disks on some PCI cards that
spin up slowly—so slowly that they are not ready to boot by the time POST is finished. The
POST delay also gives you more time to select F10 to enter Computer Setup (F10).
●
I/O APIC Mode (enable/disable)
●
Limit (PUID Maximum Value to 3) (enable/disable)
●
Setup Browse Mode (enable/disable)
●
ACPI/USB Buffers @ Top of Memory (enable/disable)
The system will reboot and any changes that have been made will be lost. The system might boot
with memory in a sub-optimal configuration.
BIOS Power-On
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Computer Setup (F10) Utility
31
Table 3-1 Computer Setup (F10) Utility menu descriptions (continued)
Heading
Option
Description
Onboard
Devices
Enables you to set resources for or disable onboard system devices (serial ports, USB ports,
diskette controllers, and so on).
PCI Devices
Enables you to set resources for the following devices:
Intel HD Audio Device (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
Intel USB Controller (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
Intel USB Controller (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
Intel USB Controller (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
Intel USB Controller (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
Intel USB Controller (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
Intel IDE Controller (enable/disable)
Intel SATA Controller (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
VGA Controller (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
Broadcom Ethernet Controller (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
Bus Options
The options are:
PCI SERR# Generation (enable/disable)
PCI VGA Palette Snooping (enable/disable)
ECC Support (enable/disable)
Memory Remapping (enable/disable)
Device Options
Printer Mode (EPP + ECP, Output-Only, Bi-Directional)
Num Lock State at Power-On (off/on)
S5 Wake-on-LAN (enable/disable)
Processor Cache (enable/disable)
Unique Sleep State Blink Rates (enable/disable)
Internal Speaker (enable/disable)
Monitor Tracking (enable/disable)
NIC PxE Option ROM Download (enable/disable)
32
Slot 1 (PCI
Express x 16)
Configures the option ROM.
Slot 2 (PCI)
Configures the option ROM and latency timer.
Slot 3 (PCI
Express x
8’ (x4))
Configures the option ROM.
Slot 4 (PCI
Express x1)
Configures the option ROM.
Slot 5 PCI
Configures the option ROM and latency timer.
Chapter 3 System management
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Table 3-1 Computer Setup (F10) Utility menu descriptions (continued)
Heading
Option
Description
Slot 6 PCI
Configures the option ROM and latency timer.
**These options should be used by advanced users only.
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Computer Setup (F10) Utility
33
Desktop management
HP Client Management Solutions (available for download from http://www.hp.com/go/easydeploy)
provides standards-based solutions for managing and controlling workstations in a networked
environment. This section summarizes the capabilities and features of the key components of desktop
management:
●
Initial configuration and deployment
●
Remote system installation
●
Updating and managing software
●
ROM flash
●
Asset tracking and security
●
Fault notification and recovery
NOTE Support for specific features described in this guide might vary by model or software
version.
Initial configuration and deployment
The workstation comes with a preinstalled system software image. After a brief software “unbundling”
process, the workstation is ready to use.
You might prefer to replace the preinstalled software image with a customized set of system and
application software. Several methods are available for deploying a customized software image,
including:
●
Installing additional software applications after unbundling the preinstalled software image
●
Using a disk cloning process to copy the contents from one hard drive to another
The best deployment method depends on your information technology environment and processes. The
PC Deployment section of the HP Lifecycle Solutions website (http://whp-sp-orig.extweb.hp.com/
country/us/en/solutions.html) provides information to help you select the best deployment method.
The Restore Plus! CD, ROM-based setup, and ACPI hardware provide further assistance with recovery
of system software, configuration management and troubleshooting, and power management.
Remote system installation
Remote system installation enables you to start and set up your system using the software and
configuration information located on a network server. This feature is usually used as a system setup
and configuration tool and can be used for the following tasks:
●
Deploying a software image on one or more new PCs
●
Formatting a hard drive
●
Installing application software or drivers
●
Updating the operating system, application software, or drivers
To initiate a remote system installation, press F12 when the F12=Network Service Boot message
appears in the lower-right corner of the HP logo screen. Follow the on-screen instructions to continue
34
Chapter 3 System management
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the process. The default boot order is a BIOS configuration setting that can be changed to always
attempt to PXE boot.
HP and Altiris have partnered to provide tools designed to make the task of corporate PC deployment
and management easier and less time-consuming, ultimately lowering the total cost of ownership and
making HP PCs the most manageable client PCs in the enterprise environment.
Updating and managing software
HP provides several tools for managing and updating software on desktops and workstations—HP Client
Manager Software, Altiris Client Management Solutions, System Software Manager, Proactive Change
Notification, and Subscriber’s Choice.
HP Client Manager Software
HP Client Manager Software (HP CMS) assists HP customers in managing the hardware aspects of
their client workstations with features that include:
●
Detailed views of hardware inventory for asset management
●
PC health check monitoring and diagnostics
●
Proactive notification of changes in the hardware environment
●
Web-accessible reporting of business-critical details such as machines with thermal warnings,
memory alerts, and more
●
Remote updating of system software such as device drivers and ROM BIOS
●
Remote changing of boot order
●
Configuring the system BIOS settings
For more information on the HP Client Manager, see http://h18000.www1.hp.com/im/prodinfo.html.
Altiris Client Management Solutions
HP and Altiris have partnered to provide comprehensive, tightly integrated systems management
solutions to reduce the cost of owning HP client PCs. HP Client Manager Software is the foundation for
additional Altiris Client Management Solutions that address:
●
●
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Inventory and asset management
●
Software license compliance
●
PC tracking and reporting
●
Lease contract and fixing asset tracking
Deployment and migration
●
Microsoft Windows XP Professional or Home Edition migration
●
System deployment
●
Personality migrations
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35
●
●
Help desk and problem resolution
●
Managing help desk tickets
●
Remote troubleshooting
●
Remote problem resolution
●
Client disaster recovery
Software and operations management
●
Ongoing desktop management
●
HP system software deployment
●
Application self-healing
See http://h18000.www1.hp.com/im/prodinfo.html for more information about:
●
How HP Client Manager Software works
●
Which solutions are compatible with your operating system
●
How to download a fully-functional, 30-day evaluation version of the Altiris solutions
System Software Manager
System Software Manager (SSM) is a utility that enables you to update system-level software on multiple
systems simultaneously. When executed on a PC client system, SSM detects both hardware and
software versions, and then updates the appropriate software from a central repository, also known as
a file store. Driver versions that are supported by SSM are denoted with a special icon on the software,
the driver download website, and on the Support Software CD. To download the utility or to obtain more
information on SSM, see http://www.hp.com/go/ssm.
Proactive Change Notification
The Proactive Change Notification program uses the Subscriber's Choice website to proactively and
automatically:
●
Send you Proactive Change Notification (PCN) e-mails informing you of hardware and software
changes to most commercial workstations and servers, up to 60 days in advance
●
Send you e-mails containing customer bulletins, customer advisories, customer notes, bulletins,
and driver alerts for most commercial workstations and servers
You can create your own profile to ensure that you only receive the information relevant to a specific IT
environment. To learn more about the Proactive Change Notification program and create a custom
profile, see http://www.hp.com/go/pcn.
Subscriber’s Choice
Subscriber’s Choice is a client-based service from HP. Based on your profile, HP will supply you with
personalized product tips, feature articles, and driver and support alerts and notifications. Subscriber’s
Choice Driver and Support Alerts/Notifications will deliver e-mails notifying you that the information you
subscribed to in your profile is available for review and retrieval. To learn more about Subscriber’s
Choice and create a custom profile, see http://www.hp.com/go/pcn.
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ROM flash
The workstation comes with a programmable flash ROM. By establishing a setup password in the
Computer Setup (F10) Utility, you can protect the ROM from being unintentionally updated or
overwritten. This is important to ensure the operating integrity of the workstation. Should you need or
want to upgrade the ROM, you can:
●
Order an upgraded ROMPaq diskette from HP.
●
Download the latest ROMPaq images from HP driver and support page, http://www.hp.com/
support/files.
NOTE For maximum ROM protection, be sure to establish a setup password. The setup
password prevents unauthorized ROM upgrades. System Software Manager enables you to set
the setup password on one or more PCs simultaneously. For more information, visit http://
www.hp.com/go/ssm
Remote ROM Flash
Remote ROM Flash allows the system administrator to safely upgrade the ROM on remote HP
workstations directly from the centralized network management console, resulting in a consistent
deployment of and greater control over HP PC ROM images over the network. It also results in greater
productivity and lower total cost of ownership.
The workstation must be powered on, or turned on through Remote Wakeup, to use Remote ROM Flash.
For more information on Remote ROM Flash, see the HP Client Manager Software or System Software
Manager sections at http://h18000.www1.hp.com/im/prodinfo.html.
HPQFlash
The HPQFlash utility is used to locally update or restore the system ROM on individual PCs through a
Windows operating system.
For more information on HPQFlash, see http://www.hp.com/support/files and enter the name of the
workstation when prompted.
FailSafe Boot Block ROM
The FailSafe Boot Block ROM allows for system recovery in the unlikely event of a ROM flash failure,
for example, if a power failure were to occur during a ROM upgrade. The Boot Block is a flash-protected
section of the ROM that checks for a valid system ROM flash when power to the system is connected.
●
If the system ROM is valid, the system starts normally.
●
If the system ROM fails the validation check, the FailSafe Boot Block ROM provides enough support
to start the system from a ROMPaq diskette, which will program the system ROM with a valid image.
NOTE Some models also support recovery from a ROMPaq CD. ISO ROMPaq images are
included with selected models in the downloadable ROM softpaqs.
When the boot block detects an invalid system ROM, the System Power LED blinks red eight times,
one every second, followed by a two-second pause. Also, eight simultaneous beeps will be heard. A
Boot Block recovery mode message is displayed on the screen (some models).
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To recover the system after it enters Boot Block recovery mode:
1.
If there is a diskette in the diskette drive or a CD in the CD drive, remove the diskette and CD and
power off the system.
2.
Insert a ROMPaq diskette into the diskette drive or, if permitted on this workstation, insert a
ROMPaq CD into the CD drive. USB media such as an HP DriveKey can also be used.
3.
Power on the workstation.
If no ROMPaq diskette or ROMPaq CD is found, you will be prompted to insert one and restart the
workstation.
If a setup password has been established, the Caps Lock light will illuminate and you will be
prompted to enter the password.
4.
Enter the setup password.
If the system successfully starts from the diskette and successfully reprograms the ROM, then the
three keyboard lights will illuminate. A rising tone series of beeps also signals successful
completion.
5.
Remove the diskette or CD and power off the system.
6.
Restart the workstation.
The following table lists the various keyboard light combinations used by the Boot Block ROM (when a
PS/2 keyboard is attached to the workstation) and explains the meaning and action associated with
each combination.
Table 3-2 Keyboard light combinations used by boot black ROM
FailSafe Boot
Block mode
Keyboard LED activity*
State/Message
Num Lock
On
ROMPaq diskette or ROMPaq CD not present, is bad, or drive not ready.
Caps Lock
On
Enter password.
Num, Caps,
Scroll Lock
Flash on in sequence,
one at a time—N,C, SL
Keyboard locked in network mode.
Num, Caps,
Scroll Lock
On
Boot Block ROM Flash successful. Reboot the system..
*Diagnostic lights do not flash on USB keyboards.
Replicating the setup
The following procedures enable you to easily copy one setup configuration to other workstations of the
same model for faster, more consistent configuration of multiple workstations.
NOTE Both procedures require a diskette drive or a USB device such as an HP Drive Key.
To collect and replicate BIOS settings on multiple computers, use System Software Manager or
HP Client Manager Software. For more information, see http://www.hp.com/go/easydeploy.
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Copying to a single workstation
CAUTION A setup configuration is model-specific. File system corruption can result if source
and target workstations are not the same model. For example, do not copy the setup configuration
from an HP xw4200 Workstation to an HP xw4400 Workstation.
1.
Select a setup configuration to copy, and reboot the workstation.
2.
As soon as the workstation powers on, press and hold the F10 key until you enter the Computer
Setup (F10) Utility. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the
workstation and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, you may see a Keyboard Error message—disregard it.
3.
If you are using a diskette or other storage device, insert it now. If not, proceed.
4.
Click File>Replicated Setup>Save to Removable Media. Follow the instructions on the screen
to create the configuration diskette.
5.
Power off the workstation to be configured and insert the configuration diskette.
6.
Power on the workstation to be configured.
7.
Press and hold the F10 key until you enter the Computer Setup (F10) Utility. Press Enter to bypass
the title screen, if necessary.
8.
Click File>Replicated Setup>Restore from Removable Media, and follow the instructions on the
screen.
9.
Restart the workstation when the configuration is complete.
Copying to multiple workstations
CAUTION A setup configuration is model-specific. File system corruption can result if source
and target workstations are not the same model. For example, do not copy the setup configuration
from an HP xw4200 Workstation to an HP xw4400 Workstation.
This method takes a little longer to prepare the configuration diskette, but copying the configuration to
target workstations is significantly faster.
NOTE A bootable diskette is required for this procedure. If Windows XP is not available to use
to create a bootable diskette, use the method for copying to a single workstation instead (see
Copying to a single workstation on page 39
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1.
Create a bootable diskette.
2.
Select a setup configuration to copy.
3.
Restart the workstation.
4.
As soon as the workstation powers on, press and hold the F10 key until you enter the Computer
Setup (F10) Utility. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
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NOTE If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the
workstation and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, you might see a Keyboard Error message—disregard it.
5.
If you are using a diskette or other storage device, insert it now.
6.
Click File>Replicated Setup>Save to Removable Media. Follow the instructions on the screen
to create the configuration diskette.
7.
Download a BIOS utility for replicating setup (repset.exe) and copy it onto the configuration diskette.
To obtain this utility, go to http://www.hp.com/support/files and enter the model number of the
workstation.
8.
On the configuration diskette, create an autoexec.bat file containing the following command:
repset.exe cpqsetup.txt.
9.
Power off the workstation to be configured. Insert the configuration diskette, and power on the
workstation. The configuration utility runs automatically.
10. Restart the workstation when the configuration is complete.
Dual-State Power Button
With ACPI enabled, the power button can function either as an on/off switch or as a button. The feature
does not completely turn off power, but instead causes the workstation to enter a low-power standby
state. This allows you to power down without closing applications and to return to the same operational
state without any data loss.
To change the power button configuration:
1.
Click Start, and select Control Panel>Power Options.
2.
In Power Options Properties, click the Advanced tab.
3.
In the Power Button section, select Hibernate. (Hibernate must be enabled in the Hibernate
tab.)
After configuring the power button to function as a button, press the power button to put the system in
a very low power state. Press the button again to bring the system out of the very low power state to full
power status. To completely turn off all power to the system, press and hold the power button for four
seconds.
CAUTION Do not use the power button to power off the workstation unless the system is not
responding; turning off the power without operating system interaction could cause damage to
or loss of data on the hard drive.
World wide website
HP engineers rigorously test and debug software developed by HP and third-party suppliers and develop
operating system specific support software to ensure performance, compatibility, and reliability for HP
workstations.
When making the transition to new or revised operating systems, you must implement the support
software designed for that operating system. If you plan to run a version of Microsoft Windows that is
different from the version included with the workstation, you must install corresponding device drivers
and utilities to ensure that all features are supported and functioning properly.
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HP has made the task of locating, accessing, evaluating, and installing the latest support software easier.
You can download the software from http://www.hp.com/support.
This website contains the latest device drivers, utilities, and flashable ROM images needed to run the
latest Microsoft Windows operating system on the HP workstation.
Building blocks and partners
HP management solutions integrate with other systems management applications and are based on
industry standards, such as:
●
Web-Based Enterprise Management (WBEM)
●
Windows Management Interface (WMI)
●
Wake-on-LAN technology
●
ACPI
●
SMBIOS
●
PXE support
●
Alert Standard Format
Asset tracking and security
Asset tracking features incorporated into the workstation provide key asset tracking data that can be
managed using HP Systems Insight Manager, HP Client Manager Software, or other system
management applications. Seamless, automatic integration between asset tracking features and these
products enables you to choose the management tool that is best suited to the environment and to
leverage the investment in existing tools.
HP also offers several solutions for controlling access to valuable components and information.
ProtectTools Embedded Security, if installed, prevents unauthorized access to data and checks system
integrity and authenticates third-party users attempting system access. Security features such as
ProtectTools and the Hood Sensor (Smart Cover Sensor) help prevent unauthorized access to the
internal components of the workstation. By disabling parallel, serial, or USB ports or by disabling
removable media boot capability, you can protect valuable data assets. Memory Change and Hood
Sensor (Smart Cover Sensor) alerts can be automatically forwarded to system management
applications to deliver proactive notification of tampering with a workstation’s internal components.
NOTE ProtectTools, the Hood Sensor (Smart Cover Sensor), and the Hood Lock (Smart Cover
Lock) are available as options on select systems.
Use the following utilities to manage security settings on the HP workstation:
●
Locally, using the Computer Setup (F10) Utility.
●
Remotely, using HP Client Manager Software or System Software Manager. This software enables
the secure, consistent deployment and control of security settings from a simple command line
utility.
The following table and sections refer to managing security features of the workstation locally through
the Computer Setup (F10) Utility.
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Table 3-3 Security Features Overview
Feature
Purpose
How it is established
Removable Media Boot Control
Prevents booting from the removable media
drives.
From the Computer Setup (F10)
Utility Menu.
Serial, Parallel, USB, or Infrared
Interface Control
Prevents transfer of data through the
integrated serial, parallel, USB, or infrared
interface.
From the Computer Setup (F10)
Utility menu.
Power-On Password
Prevents use of the workstation until the
password is entered. This can apply to both
initial system startup and restarts.
From the Computer Setup (F10)
Utility menu.
Setup Password
Prevents reconfiguration of the workstation
(use of the Setup Utilities) until the password
is entered.
From the Computer Setup (F10)
Utility menu.
Network Server Mode
Provides unique security features for
workstations being used as servers.
From the Computer Setup (F10)
Utility menu.
NOTE: For more information about the Computer Setup (F10) Utility, see Computer Setup (F10) Utility menu
on page 28.
Password security
The power-on password prevents unauthorized use of the workstation by requiring entry of a password
to access applications or data each time the workstation is powered on or restarted. The setup password
specifically prevents unauthorized access to the Computer Setup (F10) Utility and can also be used as
an override to the power-on password. That is, when prompted for the power-on password, entering the
setup password instead will allow access to the workstation.
You can establish a network-wide setup password to enable the system administrator to log in to all
network systems to perform maintenance without having to know the power-on password.
NOTE System Software Manager and HP Client Manager Software allow remote management
of Setup Passwords and other BIOS settings in a networked environment. For more information,
see http://www.hp.com/go/easydeploy.
Establishing a setup password using the Computer Setup (F10) Utility
Establishing a setup password through the Computer Setup (F10) Utility prevents reconfiguration of the
workstation (via use of the Computer Setup (F10) Utility) until the password is entered.
To establish a setup password using workstation setup:
1.
Power on or restart the workstation.
2.
As soon as the computer is powered on, press and hold the F10 key until you enter the Computer
Setup (F10) Utility. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the
workstation and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, you might see a Keyboard Error message—disregard it.
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3.
Select Security>Setup Password and follow the on-screen instructions.
4.
Before exiting, select File>Save Changes and Exit.
Establishing a power-on password using workstation setup
Establishing a power-on password through the Computer Setup (F10) Utility prevents access to the
workstation when power is connected, unless the password is entered. When a power-on password is
set, the Computer Setup (F10) Utility presents Password Options under the Security menu. The
password options include Network Server Mode and Password Prompt on Warm Boot.
When Network Server Mode is disabled, the password must be entered each time the workstation is
powered on when the key icon appears on the monitor. When Password Prompt on Warm Boot
is enabled, the password must also be entered each time the workstation is rebooted. When Network
Server Mode is enabled, the password prompt is not presented during POST, but any attached PS/2
keyboard remains locked until you enter the power-on password.
To enable Network Server Mode, a power-on password must be set. The option is available under
Advanced>Password Options. This option enables the system to boot without asking for the poweron password, but the keyboard and mouse are locked until you enter it. The keyboard LEDs rotate
constantly when the system is in locked mode.
To establish a power-on password through workstation setup:
1.
Power on or restart the workstation.
2.
As soon as the computer is powered on, press and hold the F10 key until you enter the Computer
Setup (F10) Utility. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the
workstation and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, you might see a Keyboard Error message—disregard it.
3.
Select Security>Power-On Password and follow the onscreen instructions.
4.
Before exiting, select File>Save Changes and Exit.
Entering a power-on password
1.
Restart the workstation.
2.
When the key icon appears on the monitor, enter the current password, and press Enter.
NOTE Type carefully. For security reasons, the characters you enter do not appear on the
screen.
If you enter the password incorrectly, a broken key icon appears. Try again. After three unsuccessful
tries, you must restart the workstation before you can continue.
Entering a Setup Password
If a setup password has been established on the workstation, you will be prompted to enter it each time
you run the Computer Setup (F10) Utility.
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To enter a setup password:
1.
Restart the workstation.
2.
As soon as the workstation is powered on, press and hold the F10 key until you enter the Computer
Setup (F10) Utility. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the
workstation and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, you might see a Keyboard Error message—disregard it.
3.
When the key icon appears on the monitor, enter the setup password, and press Enter.
NOTE Type carefully. For security reasons, the characters you enter do not appear on the
screen.
If you enter the password incorrectly, a broken key icon appears. Try again. After three unsuccessful
tries, you must restart the workstation before you can continue.
Changing a power-on or setup password
1.
Restart the workstation.
2.
To change the Setup password, as soon as the workstation is turned on, press and hold the F10
key until you enter the Computer Setup (F10) Utility. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if
necessary.
NOTE If you do not press F10 at the appropriate time, you must restart the workstation
and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, you might see a Keyboard Error message—disregard it.
3.
When the key icon appears, enter the current password, a slash (/) or alternate delimiter character,
your new password, another slash (/) or alternate delimiter character, and your new password again
as shown: current password/new password/new password
NOTE Type carefully. For security reasons, the characters you enter do not appear on the
screen.
4.
Press Enter.
The new password takes effect the next time you turn on the workstation.
NOTE See a National keyboard delimiter characters on page 45 for information about the
alternate delimiter characters. The power-on password and setup password can also be changed
using the Security options in the Computer Setup (F10) Utility.
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Deleting a power-on or setup password
1.
Power on or restart the workstation.
2.
To delete the power-on password, go to step 3.
To delete the Setup Password, as soon as the workstation is powered on, press and hold the
F10 key until you enter the Computer Setup (F10) Utility. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if
necessary.
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the
computer and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
Use the appropriate operating system shutdown process. To delete the setup password,
run the Computer Setup (F10) Utility.
3.
When the key icon appears, enter your current password followed by a slash (/) or alternate
delimiter character as shown: current password/
4.
Press Enter.
NOTE See the National keyboard delimiter characters on page 45 section for information
about the alternate delimiter characters. The power-on password and setup password can also
be changed using the Security options in the Computer Setup (F10) Utility.
National keyboard delimiter characters
Each keyboard is designed to meet country-specific requirements. The syntax and keys that you use
for changing or deleting your password depend on the keyboard that came with your workstation.
Table 3-4 National keyboard delimiter characters
Language
Delimiter
Language
Delimiter
Language
Delimiter
Arabic
/
Greek
-
Russian
/
Belgian
=
Hebrew
.
Slovakian
-
BHCSY*
-
Hungarian
-
Spanish
-
Brazilian
/
Italian
-
Swedish/Finnish
/
Chinese
/
Japanese
/
Swiss
-
Czech
-
Korean
/
Taiwanese
/
Danish
-
Latin American
-
Thai
/
French
!
Norwegian
-
Turkish
.
French
Canadian
é
Polish
-
U.K. English
/
German
-
Portuguese
-
U.S. English
/
NOTE: * For Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia, and Yugoslavia.
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Clearing passwords
If you forget your password, you cannot access the workstation. See the section on resetting the
password jumper for instructions on clearing passwords.
DriveLock
WARNING! Enabling DriveLock can render a hard drive permanently inaccessible if the
master password is lost or forgotten. No method exists to recover the password or access the
data.
DriveLock is an industry-standard security feature that prevents unauthorized access to the data on an
ATA hard drive. DriveLock has been implemented as an extension to Computer Setup. It is only available
when hard drives that support the ATA Security command set are detected.
DriveLock is intended for HP customers for whom data security is the paramount concern. For such
customers, the cost of the hard drive and the loss of the data stored on it is inconsequential when
compared with the damage that could result from unauthorized access to its contents.
In order to balance this level of security with the practical need to accommodate a forgotten password,
the HP implementation of DriveLock employs a two-password security scheme. One password is
intended to be set and used by a system administrator while the other is typically set and used by the
end-user. There is no "back-door" that can be used to unlock the drive if both passwords are lost.
Therefore, DriveLock is most safely used when the data contained on the hard drive is replicated on a
corporate information system or is regularly backed up. In the event that both DriveLock passwords are
lost, the hard drive is rendered unusable. For users who do not fit the previously defined customer profile,
this may be an unacceptable risk. For users who do fit the customer profile, it may be a tolerable risk
given the nature of the data stored on the hard drive.
DriveLock applications
The most practical use of the DriveLock security feature is in a corporate environment. The system
administrator would be responsible for configuring the hard drive which would involve, among other
things, setting the DriveLock master password and a temporary user password. In the event that the
user forgets the user password or the equipment is passed on to another employee, the master
password can always be used to reset the user password and regain access to the hard drive.
HP recommends that corporate system administrators who choose to enable DriveLock also establish
a corporate policy for setting and maintaining master passwords. This should be done to prevent a
situation where an employee intentionally or unintentionally sets both DriveLock passwords before
leaving the company. In such a scenario, the hard drive would be rendered unusable and require
replacement. Likewise, by not setting a master password, system administrators may find themselves
locked out of a hard drive and unable to perform routine checks for unauthorized software, other asset
control functions, and support.
For users with less stringent security requirements, HP does not recommend enabling DriveLock. Users
in this category include personal users or users who do not maintain sensitive data on their hard drives
as a common practice. For these users, the potential loss of a hard drive resulting from forgetting both
passwords is much greater than the value of the data DriveLock has been designed to protect.
Access to Computer Setup and DriveLock can be restricted through the Setup password. By specifying
a Setup password and not giving it to end users, system administrators are able to restrict users from
enabling DriveLock.
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Using DriveLock
When one or more hard drives that support the ATA Security command set are detected, the DriveLock
option appears under the Security menu in Computer Setup. The user is presented with options to set
the master password or to enable DriveLock. A user password must be provided in order to enable
DriveLock. Since the initial configuration of DriveLock is typically performed by a system administrator,
a master password should be set first. HP encourages system administrators to set a master password
whether they plan to enable DriveLock or keep it disabled. This will give the administrator the ability to
modify DriveLock settings if the drive is locked in the future. Once the master password is set, the system
administrator may enable DriveLock or choose to keep it disabled.
If a locked hard drive is present, POST will require a password to unlock the device. If a power-on
password is set and it matches the device’s user password, POST will not prompt the user to re-enter
the password. Otherwise, the user will be prompted to enter a DriveLock password. On a cold boot,
either the master or the user password may be used. On a warm boot, enter the same password used
to unlock the drive during the preceding cold-boot. Users will have two attempts to enter a correct
password. On a cold boot, if neither attempt succeeds, POST will continue but the drive will remain
inaccessible. On a warm boot or restart from Windows, if neither attempt succeeds, POST will halt and
the user will be instructed to cycle power.
To set the DriveLock password:
1.
Power on or restart the workstation.
2.
As soon as the workstation is powered on, press and hold the F10 key until you enter Computer
Setup. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the
workstation and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, you might see a Keyboard Error message—disregard it.
3.
Select Security>DriveLock Security.
4.
For each DriveLock-capable drive, select a drive by pressing the F10 key to accept.
5.
Under Enable/Disable Drive Lock options, select Enable and press the F10 key to enable the
DriveLock for a particular drive.
WARNING! Forgetting the DriveLock password will render the drive unusable.
6.
Enter a new user password and press the F10 key to accept. This password may be 1 to 32
characters long.
7.
Enter the password again in the Enter New Password Again field. If you forget this password, the
drive will be rendered permanently disabled.
8.
Select File>Save Changes and Exit and press the F10 key. After you press the F10 key, the
system does a “cold boot” before invoking the DriveLock function.
When the unit “cold boots,” you will be prompted to enter the DriveLock password for each DriveLockcapable drive for which you have previously set a password. You have two chances to entire the
password correctly. If the correct password is not entered correctly, the unit will attempt to boot anyway,
but the boot process will most likely fail as data from an unlocked drive cannot be accessed.
There a multiple scenarios:
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In a single drive system, if the drive is drive-locked, then the system will most likely not boot to the
operating system. The system may try to boot from the network instead, depending on the boot ordering
options. Regardless, the drive-locked drive remains inaccessible without the DriveLock password.
In a two drive system where there is a boot drive and a data drive, one can apply the DriveLock feature
only to the data drive. In this case, the unit can always boot, but the data drive is accessible only when
the DriveLock password is known.
It is clear from the above that any cold boots requires you to entire DriveLock passwords, but also note
that DriveLock passwords are required for warm boots as well. For example, if you booted to DOS and
entered Ctrl-Alt-Del, you would need to enter the DriveLock password before the unit will complete the
next boot cycle. This warm boot behavior is consistent with the DriveLock feature found on IDE hard
drives.
Hood sensor (smart cover sensor)
The optional hood sensor is a combination of hardware and software technology that can alert you when
the workstation side access panel has been removed if the sensor has been properly configured in the
Computer Setup Utility. There are three levels of protection, as described in the following table.
Table 3-5 Hood Sensor Protection Levels
Level
Setting
Description
Level 0
Disabled
Hood sensor is disabled (default).
Level 1
Notify User
When the workstation restarts, the screen displays a
message indicating that the workstation side access
panel has been removed.
Level 2
Setup Password
When the workstation is restarted, the screen displays
a message indicating that the workstation side access
panel has been removed. You must enter the setup
password to continue.
These settings can be changed using the Computer Setup (F10) Utility.
Setting the hood sensor protection level
1.
Power on or restart the workstation.
2.
As soon as the workstation is powered on, press and hold the F10 key until you enter the Computer
Setup (F10) Utility. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the
computer and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, you might see a Keyboard Error message—disregard it.
3.
Select Security>Smart Cover>Cover Removal Sensor, and follow the on-screen instructions.
4.
Before exiting, click File>Save Changes and Exit.
Hood lock (smart cover lock)
When installed, the hood lock can prevent unauthorized access to the internal components.
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CAUTION For maximum cover lock security, be sure to establish a setup password. The setup
password prevents unauthorized access to the Computer Setup utility.
Locking the solenoid lock
1.
Power on or restart the workstation.
2.
As soon as the workstation is powered on, press and hold the F10 key until you enter Computer
Setup. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the
workstation and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, you might see a Keyboard Error message—disregard it.
3.
Select Security>Smart Cover>Cover Lock>Lock.
4.
Select Fire>Save Changes and Exit.
Unlocking the solenoid lock
1.
Turn on or restart the workstation.
2.
As soon as the workstation is powered on, press and hold the F10 key until you enter Computer
Setup. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the
workstation and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, you might see a Keyboard Error message—disregard it.
3.
Select Security>Smart Cover>Cover Lock>Unlock.
4.
Select Fire>Save Changes and Exit.
Using the FailSafe key
If you enable the hood lock and cannot enter your password to disable the lock, you will need a FailSafe
Key to open the workstation side access panel. You will need the key in any of the following
circumstances:
●
Power outage
●
Startup failure
●
PC component failure (such as processor or power supply)
●
Forgotten password
CAUTION The side access panel FailSafe Key is a specialized tool available from HP. Be
prepared; order this key before you need one.
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To obtain the FailSafe Key, complete any one of the following tasks:
●
Contact your authorized HP reseller or service provider.
●
Access the HP website (http://www.hp.com) for ordering information.
●
Access the Contact HP Worldwide website (http://welcome.hp.com/country/us/en/
wwcontact.html) for contact information.
Clearing Passwords
If you forget your password, you cannot access the workstation. See the section on resetting the
password jumper in the appendix.
Cable lock provision (optional)
The rear panel of the chassis can accommodate a cable lock accessory that allows the workstation to
be physically secured to a work area.
Security lock (optional)
The security lock prevents entire system theft and discourages access panel removal.
Universal chassis clamp lock (optional)
The version without a cable discourages side access panel removal and prevents theft of I/O devices.
The version with a cable also prevents entire system theft and allows multiple systems to be secured
with a single cable.
Hood lock (Smart cover lock) (optional)
Prevents removal of the access panel and all internal components including optical and diskette drives.
This lock eliminates the need for a physical key by enabling password-protected locking and locking by
a local or a remote user.
Hood sensor (Smart cover sensor) (optional)
This sensor is set in the Computer Setup utility. You can set this to notify a user if the access panel has
been removed.
Access panel key lock
This lock prevents removal of the access panel and all internal components. The key is shipped on the
rear of the workstation.
Fault notification and recovery
Fault notification and recovery features combine innovative hardware and software technology to
prevent the loss of critical data and minimize unplanned downtime.
If the workstation is connected to a network managed by HP Client Manager Software, the computer
sends a fault notice to the network management application. With HP Client Manager Software, you can
also remotely schedule diagnostics to automatically run on all managed PCs and create a summary
report of failed tests.
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Drive Protection System
The Drive Protection System(DPS) is a diagnostic tool built into the hard drives that is installed in select
HP workstations. the DPS is designed to help diagnose problems that might result in unwarranted hard
drive replacement.
When HP workstations are built, each installed hard drive is tested using the DPS, and a permanent
record of key information is written onto the drive. Each timethe DPS is run, test results are written to
the hard drive. The service provider can use this information to help diagnose conditions that caused
you to run the DPS software.
ECC fault prediction and prefailure warranty
When the workstation encounters an excessive number of error checking and correcting (ECC) memory
errors, the workstation displays a Local Alert message. This message contains detailed information
about the errant memory module, enabling you to take action before you experience non-correctable
memory errors. The Prefailure Warranty for ECC memory modules enables you to replace these
modules, free of charge, before the modules actually fail. ECC memory modules are optional on selected
HP systems.
Thermal sensor
There are multiple sensors on your workstation:
●
One per processor
●
One per memory module (DIMM)
●
One for the system board
●
Some hard drives
The processor thermal sensor is a hardware and software feature that tracks the internal temperature
of the workstation. When combined with HP Client Manager Software, this features notifies the network
administrator when the normal range is exceeded.
The thermal sensor monitors the processor temperature. If the temperature gets too hot, the processor
clock automatically begins to throttle. If the temperature does not go down, then the system eventually
shuts down.
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4
Removal and replacement procedures
This chapter describes removal and replacement procedures of most internal components.
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●
Service considerations on page 54
●
Customer Self-Repair on page 59
●
Predisassembly procedures on page 60
●
System board components on page 61
●
Steps for removal and replacement of components on page 63
53
Service considerations
The following sections discuss service considerations that should be reviewed and practiced before
removing and replacing any system components.
WARNING! When lifting or moving the workstation, do not use the front bezel as a handle
or lifting point. Lifting the workstation from the front bezel or lifting it incorrectly can cause the unit
to fall and harm you and damage the workstation. To properly and safely lift the workstation, lift
it from the bottom of the unit.
Cautions, warnings, and safety precautions
For your safety, review the cautions, warnings, and safety precautions before accessing the workstation
components. Also, review the Safety and Regulatory Guide that came with your workstation for more
information.
Electrostatic discharge information
A sudden discharge of static electricity from your finger or other conductor can destroy static-sensitive
devices or microcircuitry. Often the spark is neither felt nor heard, but damage occurs. An electronic
device exposed to electrostatic discharge (ESD) might not appear to be affected at all and can function
normally for a while, but it has been degraded in the internal layers, reducing its life expectancy.
Networks built into many integrated circuits provide some protection, but in many cases, the discharge
contains enough power to alter device parameters or melt silicon junctions.
Generating static
The following table shows that different activities generate different amounts of static electricity. Static
electricity increases as humidity decreases.
Table 4-1 Static electricity
Relative humidity
Event
55%
40%
10%
Walking across carpet
7,500 V
15,000 V
35,000 V
Walking across vinyl floor
3,000 V
5,000 V
12,000 V
Motions of bench worker
400 V
800 V
6,000 V
Removing bubble pack from PCB
7,000 V
20,000 V
26,500 V
Packing PCBs in foam-lined box
5,000 V
11,000 V
21,000 V
NOTE: 700 volts can degrade a product.
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Preventing electrostatic damage to equipment
Many electronic components are sensitive to ESD. Circuitry design and structure determine the degree
of sensitivity. The following packaging and grounding precautions are necessary to prevent damage to
electric components and accessories.
●
Transport products in static-safe containers, such as tubes, bags, or boxes, to avoid hand contact.
●
Protect all electrostatic parts and assemblies with conductive or approved containers or packaging.
●
Keep electrostatic-sensitive parts in their containers until they arrive at static-free stations.
●
Place items on a grounded surface before removing them from their containers.
●
When handling or touching a sensitive component or assembly, ground yourself by touching the
chassis.
●
Avoid contact with pins, leads, or circuitry.
●
Place reusable electrostatic-sensitive parts from assemblies in protective packaging or conductive
foam.
Personal grounding methods and equipment
Use the following equipment to prevent static electricity damage to equipment:
●
Wrist straps are flexible straps with a maximum of one megohm ± 10% resistance in the ground
cords. To provide a proper ground, wear the strap against bare skin. The ground cord must be
connected and fit snugly into the banana plug connector on the grounding mat or workstation.
●
Heel straps, toe straps, and boot straps can be used at standing workstations and are compatible
with most types of shoes or boots. On conductive floors or dissipative floor mats, use them on both
feet with a maximum of one-megohm ± 10% resistance between the operator and ground.
Table 4-2 Static shielding protection levels
Method
Voltage
Antistatic plastic
1,500
Carbon-loaded plastic
7,500
Metallized laminate
15,000
Grounding the work area
To prevent static damage at the work area:
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●
Cover the work surface with approved static-dissipative material. Provide a wrist strap connected
to the work surface and properly grounded tools and equipment.
●
Use static-dissipative mats, foot straps, or air ionizers to give added protection.
●
Handle electrostatic sensitive components, parts, and assemblies by the case or PCB laminate.
Handle them only at static-free work areas.
●
Disconnect power and input signals before inserting and removing connectors or test equipment
●
Use fixtures made of static-safe materials when fixtures must directly contact dissipative surfaces.
Service considerations
55
●
Keep work area free of nonconductive materials, such as ordinary plastic assembly aids and
Styrofoam.
●
Use field service tools, such as cutters, screwdrivers, and vacuums, that are conductive.
Recommended materials and equipment
Materials and equipment that are recommended for use in preventing static electricity include:
●
Antistatic tape
●
Antistatic smocks, aprons, or sleeve protectors
●
Conductive bins and other assembly or soldering aids
●
Conductive foam
●
Conductive tabletop workstations with ground cord of one-megohm ± 10% resistance
●
Static-dissipative table or floor mats with hard tie to ground
●
Field service kits
●
Static awareness labels
●
Wrist straps and footwear straps providing one-megohm ± 10% resistance
●
Material handling packages
●
Conductive plastic bags
●
Conductive plastic tubes
●
Conductive tote boxes
●
Opaque shielding bags
●
Transparent metallized shielding bags
●
Transparent shielding tubes
Tools and software requirements
●
Torx T-15 screwdriver or flathead screwdriver
●
Diagnostics software
Screws
The screws used in the workstation are not interchangeable. They might have standard or metric threads
and might be of different lengths. If an incorrect screw is used during the reassembly process, it can
damage the unit. HP strongly recommends that all screws removed during disassembly be kept with
the removed part, and then returned to their proper locations.
NOTE Metric screws have a black finish. American National (unified) screws have a silver finish.
NOTE As each subassembly is removed from the workstation, place the subassembly away
from the work area to prevent damage.
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If necessary, additional drive guide screws are provided on the system chassis. There are eight Metric
screws located on the chassis near the 5.25-inch optical drive bays. These screws can be used to mount
additional optical drives or an optional diskette drive. There are four American National screws located
on the chassis near the hard drive. These screws can be used to mount additional hard drives in the
3.5” hard drive cage.
NOTE The Metric (black) and American National (silver) screws are not interchangeable.
Figure 4-1 Metric and American National screw identification
Metric screws
1
2
American National screws
Special handling of components
The following components require special handling when servicing the workstation.
WARNING! Do not use the front bezel as a handle or lifting point when lifting or moving the
workstation. Lifting the workstation from the front bezel or lifting it incorrectly could cause the unit
to fall and cause harm to the user and damage to the workstation. To properly and safely lift the
workstation, lift it from the bottom of the unit from either the desktop or minitower configuration.
Cables and connectors
Cables must be handled with care to avoid damage. Apply only the tension required to seat or unseat
the cables during insertion or removal from the connector. Handle cables by the connector or pull strap
whenever possible. In all cases, avoid bending or twisting the cables, and be sure that the cables are
routed in such a way that they cannot be caught or snagged by parts being removed or replaced.
CAUTION When servicing this workstation, be sure that cables are placed in their proper
location during the reassembly process. Improper cable placement can damage the workstation.
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57
Hard drives
Handle hard drives as delicate, precision components, avoiding all physical shock and vibration. This
guideline applies to failed drives as well as replacement spares.
●
If a drive must be mailed, place the drive in a bubble-pack mailer or other suitable protective
packaging and label the package “Fragile: Handle With Care.”
●
Do not remove hard drives from the shipping package for storage. Keep hard drives in their
protective packaging until they are actually mounted in the workstation.
●
Avoid dropping drives from any height onto any surface.
●
If you are inserting or removing a hard drive, power off the workstation. Do not remove a hard drive
while the workstation is on or in standby mode.
●
Before handling a drive, be sure that you are discharged of static electricity. While handling a drive,
avoid touching the connector. For more information about preventing electrostatic damage, see
Electrostatic discharge information on page 54.
●
Do not use excessive force when inserting a drive.
●
Avoid exposing a hard drive to liquids, temperature extremes, or products that have magnetic fields
such as monitors or speakers.
Lithium coin cell battery
The battery that comes with the workstation provides power to the real-time clock and has a minimum
lifetime of about three years.
For instructions on battery removal and replacement, see the Battery on page 83.
WARNING! This workstation contains a lithium battery. There is a risk of fire and chemical
burn if the battery is handled improperly. Do not disassemble, crush, puncture, short external
contacts, dispose in water or fire, or expose it to temperatures higher than 140°F (60°C).
NOTE Batteries, battery packs, and accumulators should not be disposed of together with
general household waste.
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Customer Self-Repair
Customer Self-Repair enables you to obtain replacement parts and install them yourself on your
workstation. See http://www.hp.com/go/selfrepair/ for more information.
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59
Predisassembly procedures
Perform the following steps before servicing the workstation:
60
1.
Close any open software applications.
2.
Remove any diskettes or CDs from the workstation.
3.
Shut down the operating system.
4.
Power off the workstation and any peripheral devices that are connected to it.
5.
Remove or disengage any security devices that prohibit opening the workstation.
6.
Disconnect the power cord from the electrical outlet and then from the workstation.
7.
Disconnect all peripheral device cables from the workstation.
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System board components
The following image shows the system board connectors and sockets on the HP xw4400 Workstation.
Figure 4-2 System board identification
Table 4-3 System board components
No.
Component
No.
Component
No.
Component
1
Second serial port
adapter
14
Clear CMOS button
27
PCI Express x16 (4)
2
Rear chassis fan
15
Front chassis fan
28
PCI 32/33
3
Auxiliary power
16
Front control panel
29
PCI Express x16
4
Processor
17
Front chassis fan
30
Network/USB
5
Solenoid hood lock
18
Boot block jumper
31
Audio
6
Processor fan
19
Front USB
32
USB
7
Memory module
sockets
20
Hard disk activity LED
33
Parallel
8
Main power
21
Internal USB
34
Serial
9
Diskette drive
22
Speaker
35
Keyboard/Mouse
10
Primary IDE
23
Front audio
11
Chassis intrusion
switch
24
Auxiliary audio
12
Battery
25
PCI 32/33
13
Serial ATA
26
PCI Express x1
* Electrically x4 bandwidth
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61
System board architecture
The following image shows the HP xw4400 Workstation block diagram.
Figure 4-3 System board block diagram
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Steps for removal and replacement of components
This section discusses the procedures necessary to remove and install various hardware components
on your workstation. Review the safety and precautions and the Service considerations on page 54, as
well as the Safety and Regulatory Information, before servicing or upgrading your system.
1.
Read all safety information and precautions.
2.
Locate and clear a suitable work area.
3.
Shut down the system and remove power from the unit.
4.
Gather your tools.
5.
Service your unit.
6.
Restore power to your unit.
Disassembly order
Use the following table to determine the sequence in which to remove the major components.
Predisassembly
(Predisassembly
procedures on page 60)
Locks (Security lock
(optional) on page 64)
Side access panel (Side access panel
on page 66)
Hood sensor (Hood sensor
(Smart cover sensor)
on page 68)
Front bezel (Front Bezel
on page 67)
Front panel I/O device assembly (Front
panel I/O device assembly on page 69)
Power button and front
speaker (Power button
on page 71)
Optical drive (Optical drive
(Minitower position)
on page 86)
Diskette drive (Diskette
drive (optional)
on page 90)
Bezel blanks (Bezel
blanks on page 67)
Power supply (Power
supply on page 72)
System fan (System fan
assembly on page 73)
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63
Front fan removal
(optional) (Front PCI card
guide and fan removal
(optional) on page 82)
Battery (Battery
on page 83)
Hard drive (SAS hard
drive on page 91)
CPU heatsink (CPU heatsink
on page 98)
Processor (Processor
on page 100)
PCI retainer (PCI retainer on page 77)
PCI or PCI express card (PCI
on page 80)
CPU heatsink (CPU
heatsink on page 98)
Processor (Processor
on page 100)
System board (System
board on page 102)
Security lock (optional)
If a security padlock is installed, remove it before servicing the unit. To remove the padlock, unlock it
and slide it out of the padlock loop as shown in the following image.
Figure 4-4 Removing the security lock
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Cable lock (optional)
If a cable lock is installed, remove it before servicing the unit. To remove the cable lock, unlock it and
pull it out of the cable lock slot as shown in the following image.
Figure 4-5 Removing the cable lock
Universal chassis clamp lock (optional)
If a universal chassis clamp lock is installed, remove it before servicing the unit.
To remove the lock:
1.
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Unlock the device and remove the locking mechanism.
Steps for removal and replacement of components
65
2.
Remove the screw attaching the lock to the chassis.
Side access panel
Before accessing the internal components of the workstation, the side access panel must be removed.
To remove the side access panel:
WARNING! Before removing the workstation side access panel, be sure that the workstation
is powered off and that the power cord is disconnected from the electrical outlet.
1.
Disconnect power from the system
(Predisassembly procedures on page 60) and lay the workstation on its side as shown.
2.
If necessary, unlock the side access panel. The keys are on the rear panel. Also, unlock any other
locks that are present (Cable lock or Padlock).
3.
Pull up on the latch 1, slide the side access panel 2 toward the rear of the workstation and then lift
off the cover 2.
Figure 4-6 Opening the side access panel
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To replace the side access panel, align the bottom groove of the side access panel with the bottom edge
of the chassis, rotate the side access panel toward the chassis and press firmly until the latch engages.
Front Bezel
1.
Lift up on the two release snaps 1 located on the front bezel.
2.
Rotate the front bezel away 2 from the chassis to remove the bezel.
Figure 4-7 Opening the front bezel
To replace the front bezel, align front bezel on the bottom and rotate in until it snaps into place.
Bezel blanks
To remove the bezel blanks:
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1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60) and remove the front
bezel (Front Bezel on page 67).
2.
Gently push the subpanel 1 out the back of the front bezel.
3.
Remove the desired bezel blank by applying outward pressure on the subpanel 1 and pulling the
blank 2 away.
Steps for removal and replacement of components
67
Figure 4-8 Removing the bezel blanks
NOTE The bezel blanks are keyed to assist you in replacing the blanks. Also, the subpanel can
be rotated 90 degrees to install the optical drives in desktop orientation if desired.
Hood sensor (Smart cover sensor)
To remove the hood sensor:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60) and remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66).
2.
Disconnect the hood sensor connector 1 from system board.
3.
Slide the hood sensor forward, push it down, and remove it 2 from the chassis. .
Figure 4-9 Removing the hood sensor
To replace the hood sensor, reverse the previous steps.
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Solenoid hood lock (Smart cover lock) (optional)
To remove the hood lock:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60) and remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66).
2.
Disconnect the solenoid hood lock cable 1 from the system board.
3.
Using the FailSafe key (T-15 wrench), unscrew the two screws 2 from the back of the chassis as
shown in the following illustration.
To purchase a FailSafe key, contact your authorized HP reseller or service provider or visit the HP
web site for ordering information.
4.
Slide the solenoid hood lock assembly 3 away from the chassis and out of the unit.
Figure 4-10 Removing the hood lock
To install the hood lock, reverse the previous steps.
Front panel I/O device assembly
To remove the front panel I/O device assembly:
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1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60), remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66), and remove the front bezel (Front Bezel
on page 67).
2.
Unlatch the plastic snap that secures the cables inside the chassis and disconnect the front panel
I/O device assembly cables from the system board.
3.
Remove the two smaller Torx screws 1 that hold the front panel I/O device assembly 3 and bracket
to the chassis.
4.
Remove the two larger Torx screws 2 that hold the front panel I/O device assembly 3 to the bracket.
5.
Separate the bracket away from the front panel I/O device assembly.
Steps for removal and replacement of components
69
6.
Pull the front panel I/O device assembly out about two inches away 4 from the chassis.
7.
Pull the front panel cables through the chassis and out the front of the unit. You might have to slide
the cables out one at a time.
Figure 4-11 Removing the front panel I/O device assembly
To replace the front panel I/O device assembly:
1.
Thread each front panel I/O device assembly cable through the same holes from which they were
removed.
2.
Push the front panel I/O device assembly into the chassis. Using your fingers, orient the cables so
that there is enough room form the front panel I/O device assembly to easily fit in its slot.
3.
Loosely put the bracket on the front panel I/O device assembly and hook the bracket to the chassis.
4.
Screw the bracket to the front panel I/O device assembly and screw the bracket to the chassis.
5.
Connect the front audio cable to 1. Connect the front USB cable to 2. Connect the front control
panel cable to 3. If an IEEE-1394 card is installed, connect the front IEEE-1394 cable to the card.
Figure 4-12 Attaching front panel I/O device assembly cables
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Power button
To remove the power button:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60), remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66), remove the front bezel (Front Bezel on page 67),
and remove the front panel I/O device assembly (Front panel I/O device assembly on page 69).
2.
Disconnect the power button assembly cable from the system board.
3.
Press in on the clips 1 that secure the power button to the chassis.
4.
Dislodge the metal clip from the chassis by rocking the power button back and forth. Then slide
the power button assembly 2 out from the front of the chassis.
Figure 4-13 Removing the power button
To replace the power button, reverse the previous steps.
System speaker
To remove the speaker:
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1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60) and remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66).
2.
Disconnect the speaker cable 1 from the system board.
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71
3.
Remove the four screws 2 securing the speaker to the chassis and lift the speaker out 3 of the
chassis.
Figure 4-14 Removing the speaker
To replace the speaker, reverse the previous steps.
Power supply
To remove the power supply:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60) and remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66).
Tip This next step requires disconnecting several power cables. To speed up reinstalling
the power supply, it is helpful to write down the numbers on the cables so that you can easily
reconnect the cable to the correct devices.
72
2.
Disconnect all cables from the system board, drives, or cards.
3.
Remove the four screws 1 from the back panel.
4.
Slide the power supply toward the front and lift it 2 out of the chassis.
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Figure 4-15 Removing the power supply
To replace the power supply, reverse the previous steps.
System fan assembly
To remove the system fan assembly:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60) and remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66).
2.
Disconnect the fan plug 1 from the system board. .
3.
Remove the four screws 2 from the rear of the chassis with a Phillips screwdriver, and lift it 3 out
of the chassis.
Figure 4-16 Removing the system fan
To replace the system fan assembly, reverse the previous steps.
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73
CAUTION When replacing the system fan, be sure that the fan is situated so that the airflow
direction arrow is pointing toward the rear of the chassis.
Memory
To remove a memory module:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60) and remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66).
CAUTION To ensure that memory modules are not damaged during removal or
installation, power off the workstation and unplug the power cord from the AC power outlet.
Wait until the LED on the back of the power supply turns off before removing memory. If you
do not unplug the power cord while installing memory, your memory modules might be
damaged and the system will not recognize the memory changes.
2.
Gently push outwards on the socket levers 1.
3.
Lift the DIMM 2 straight up and remove it from the unit. Store the DIMM in an anti-static bag.
Figure 4-17 Removing memory module
Memory module features
●
Contains four memory slots for DIMMs
●
Supports 256MB to 4GB configurations
●
Supports dual-channel DIMMs
Memory module requirements
CAUTION HP only ships DIMMs that are electrically and thermally compatible with this product.
Because third-party DIMMs might not be electrically or thermally compatible, they are not
supported by HP.
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NOTE DIMMs and their sockets are keyed for proper installation. Be sure these guides line up
when installing DIMMs.
●
Use only industry-standard, unbuffered, PC2–4200 (533MHz) or PC2–5300 (667 MHz) DIMMs.
●
Match DIMM pairs by size and type
Required loading order
Use the following illustration as a guide for installing memory:
●
If installing only one DIMM, install it in socket 1.
●
Install the first DIMM pair in sockets 1 and 3.
●
Install the second DIMM pair in sockets 2 and 4.
Figure 4-18 Required loading order
To install a memory module:
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1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60) and remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66).
2.
Gently push outwards on the socket levers.
3.
Lower the DIMM straight down 1 and secure the socket levers 2 into place.
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75
Figure 4-19 Installing a memory module
PCI Slots
This section contains information on PCI slots.
Your workstation contains three PCI slots, one PCI Express x1 slot, one PCI Express x16 (4) slot, and
one PCI Express x16 (usually used for high-end graphics.
Figure 4-20 Identifying the PCI slots
Table 4-4 PCI slots
76
Slot
Type
Slot power (Maximum)
1
PCI Express x16
75W*
2
PCI 32/33
25W*
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Table 4-4 PCI slots (continued)
3
PCI Express x16 (4)
25W
4
PCI Express x 1
25W
5
PCI 32/33
25W
6
PCI 32/33
25W
* In addition to these slot power specifications, the overall power consumption of the system (including I/O cards, processor,
and memory) must not exceed the maximum ratings of the system power supply.
PCI retainer
For added protection, some cards have PCI retainers installed to prevent movement during shipping.
To remove the PCI retainer:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60) and remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66).
2.
Remove the two screws 1 retaining the retainer and lift it 2 out of the chassis.
Figure 4-21 Removing the PCI retainer
To install the PCI retainer:
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1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60) and remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66).
2.
Engage the rear bracket 1 with the holes in the rear of the chassis before rotating it down 2 into
position. .
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77
3.
Secure the bracket with two screws 3.
Figure 4-22 Installing the PCI retainer
PCI Express
PCI Express is a point-to-point architecture and uses a serial data transmission protocol. A single PCI
Express lane consists of four wires and can transmit 250 MB in a single direction or 500 MB in both
directions simultaneously. This bandwidth is not affected by what is happening on other PCI Express
buses or legacy PCI/PCI-X buses (provided that total bandwidth can be handled by the CPU and the
memory subsystem). The transmission protocol is somewhat similar to that used for a LAN connection
and contains error correction and detection, packet addressing, and other network features.
PCI Express improves system attributes. PCI Express enables a low-power, scalable, high-bandwidth
communication path with a small number of connections (wires) compared to traditional parallel
interfaces (e.g., PCI).
The PCI Express I/O slots can support other PCI Express cards with lesser bus bandwidth than what is
physically defined for the slot. Use the following table to determine compatibility.
Table 4-5 PCI Express compatibility matrix for xw4400
Mechanical compatibility
Electrical compatibility
x1 cards
x1 modes
PCI Express x16 (x4) slot
x1, x4, x8, and x16 cards
x1 and x4 modes
PCI Express x16 slot
x1, x4, x8 and x16 cards
x1 and x16 modes
PCI Express x1 slot
To remove a PCI Express card:
78
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60), remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66), and remove the PCI retainer (PCI retainer
on page 77), if installed.
2.
Lift the PCI levers 1 by first pressing down and then up.
3.
If removing a PCI Express x16 graphics card, press in on the “hockey stick” lever 2 while lifting the
card 3 out of the chassis. Store the card in an anti-static bag.
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If removing another type of PCI Express card, lift the card out of the chassis. You do not need to
press in on the “hockey stick” lever.
4.
Install a PCI slot cover and close the PCI levers. If the PCI levers do not close, be sure all cards
are properly seated and then try again.
Figure 4-23 Removing the PCI Express card
To install a PCI Express card:
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1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60), remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66), and remove the PCI retainer (PCI retainer
on page 77), if installed.
2.
Lift the PCI levers 1 by first pressing down and then up.
3.
Remove the PCI slot cover 2.
4.
Lower the PCI 3 card into the chassis. Verify that the keyed components of the card align with the
socket.
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79
5.
Close the PCI retention clamp 4 by rotating the clamp downward and pushing on the two green
snaps down from the rear panel of the chassis.
Figure 4-24 Installing the PCI card
PCI
To remove a PCI card:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60), remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66), and remove the PCI retainer (PCI retainer
on page 77), if installed.
2.
Lift the PCI levers 1 by first pressing down and then up.
3.
Lift the PCI card 2 out of the chassis. Store the card in an anti-static bag.
4.
Install a PCI slot cover and close the PCI levers. If the PCI levers do not close, be sure all cards
are properly seated and then try again.
Figure 4-25 Removing the PCI card
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Chapter 4 Removal and replacement procedures
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To install a PCI card:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60), remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66), and remove the PCI retainer (PCI retainer
on page 77), if installed.
2.
Lift the PCI levers 1 by first pressing down and then up.
3.
Remove the PCI slot cover 2.
4.
Lower the PCI 3 card into the chassis. Verify that the keyed components of the card align with the
socket.
5.
Close the PCI retention clamp 4 by rotating the clamp downward and pushing on the two green
snaps down from the rear panel of the chassis.
Figure 4-26 Installing the PCI card
IEEE-1394 (optional)
To remove an IEEE-1394 card:
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1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60), remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66), and remove the front bezel (Front Bezel
on page 67).
2.
Lift the PCI levers 1 by first pressing down and then up.
3.
Disconnect the front I/O cable and power cable 2 from the card.
4.
Lift the IEEE card 3 out of the chassis. Store the card in an anti-static bag.
Steps for removal and replacement of components
81
5.
Install a PCI slot cover and close the PCI levers. If the PCI levers do not closed, be sure all cards
are properly seated and then try again.
Figure 4-27 Removing the IEEE-1394
To install an IEEE-1394 card, reverse the previous steps.
Front PCI card guide and fan removal (optional)
NOTE The fan is only used for special configurations, but the card guide is used with all fulllength add-in cards.
82
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60), remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66), and remove the front bezel (Front Bezel
on page 67).
2.
Disconnect the fan wire 1 from the connector on the system board and thread it out of the card
guide.
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3.
Unsnap the fan housing from the chassis 2 and lift it out of the chassis 3.
Figure 4-28 Removing the front fan
4.
Remove the fan from the fan housing by applying outward pressure on the fan housing while
pushing the fan out of the housing.
Figure 4-29 Removing the fan from the card guide
To replace the front fan, reverse the previous steps, but be sure that the airflow direction arrow on the
side of the fan points to the rear of the chassis.
Battery
The battery that comes with the workstation provides power to the real-time clock and has a minimum
lifetime of about three years.
WARNING! This workstation contains a lithium battery. There is a risk of fire and chemical
burn if the battery is handled improperly. Do not disassemble, crush, puncture, short external
contacts, dispose in water or fire, or expose it to temperatures higher than 140°F (60°C).
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Steps for removal and replacement of components
83
CAUTION Before removing the battery, be sure your CMOS settings are backed up as all
CMOS settings are lost when the battery is removed. To back up the CMOS settings, use
Computer Setup and run the Save to Diskette option from the File menu.
NOTE Batteries, battery packs, and accumulators should not be disposed of together with
general household waste.
To remove the battery:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60) and remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66).
2.
On the system board, press on the release tab of the battery holder.
3.
Rotate the battery enough to get beyond the latch and lift it straight up.
Figure 4-30 Removing the battery
To install the battery, confirm the polarity (pos-neg), position battery edge under plastic housing tabs,
and press down until the metal snaps engage.
Power connections to drives
For help in identifying power cables, refer to the following information. Route or tie cables so that there
is no possible way for them to interfere with the CPU heatsink fans.
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Chapter 4 Removal and replacement procedures
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Figure 4-31 Identifying the correct power connections for a typical configuration
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P1
Main power on system board
P2
N/A
P3
CPU power
P4
PCI Express graphic auxiliary
P5
PCI auxiliary (e.g. 1394)
P6
ODD IDE top bay
P7
ODD IDE mid bay
P8
FDD
P9
3rd HDD SATA bottom ODD bay
P10
4th HDD SATA mid ODD bay
P11
ODD IDE or 3rd HDD SAS ODD bottom bay
P12
1st HDD SATA bottom HDD bay
P13
2nd HDD SATA top HDD bay
P14
1st HDD SAS bottom HDD bay
P15
2nd HDD SAS top HDD bay
Steps for removal and replacement of components
85
Optical drive (Minitower position)
To remove an optical drive:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60), remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66) and remove the front bezel (Front Bezel
on page 67).
2.
Disconnect the audio 1, data 2, and power 3 cables from the drive. The connector colors might be
different than illustrated.
NOTE The audio cable is only required for Linux-based systems.
Figure 4-32 Disconnecting the cables from the optical drive
3.
Lift the green drive-lock release lever 1 and gently slide the drive 2 out of the chassis.
Figure 4-33 Removing the optical drive from the chassis
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Chapter 4 Removal and replacement procedures
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4.
After pulling the drive 1 out, remove the four guide screws 2 from the drive. Only remove the four
guide screws if you plan to install another drive.
Figure 4-34 Removing the optical drive screws
To install an optical drive:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60), remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66) and remove the front bezel (Front Bezel
on page 67).
2.
Insert the four guide screws 1 into the drive.
3.
Align the screws with the grooves in the drive bay and gently slide 2 the drive into the unit until it
snaps into place.
CAUTION Ensure that the optical drive is secure by pulling to see if the drive can become
easily disengaged. Failure to do so can cause damage to the drive when moving the
workstation.
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87
4.
Connect the power, drive, and audio (if required) cables to the drive and system board. On Linux
systems, connect the audio cable to the AUX-IN connector.
NOTE The audio cable is only required for Linux-based systems.
Figure 4-35 Connecting the optical drive cable to the system board
Optical drive (Desktop position)
To remove an optical drive:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60), remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66) and remove the front bezel (Front Bezel
on page 67).
2.
Disconnect the audio 1, data 2, and power 3 cables from the drive. The connector colors might be
different than illustrated.
NOTE The audio cable is only required for Linux-based systems.
Figure 4-36 Disconnecting the cables from the optical drive
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Chapter 4 Removal and replacement procedures
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3.
Press down on the yellow drive-lock release lever 1 and gently slide the drive 2 out of the chassis.
Figure 4-37 Removing the optical drive from the chassis
4.
After pulling the drive 1 out, remove the four guide screws 2 from the drive. Only remove the four
guide screws if you plan to install another drive.
Figure 4-38 Removing the optical drive screws
To install an optical drive:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60), remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66) and remove the front bezel (Front Bezel
on page 67).
2.
Insert the four guide screws 1 into the drive.
3.
Align the screws with the grooves in the drive bay and gently slide 2 the drive into the unit until it
snaps into place.
CAUTION Ensure that the optical drive is secure by pulling to see if the drive can become
easily disengaged. Failure to do so can cause damage to the drive when moving the
workstation.
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89
4.
Connect the power, drive, and audio (if required) cables to the drive and system board. On Linux
systems, connect the audio cable to the AUX-IN connector.
NOTE The audio cable is only required for Linux-based systems.
Figure 4-39 Connecting the optical drive cable to the system board
Diskette drive (optional)
To remove a diskette drive:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60), remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66), and the front bezel (Front Bezel on page 67).
2.
Disconnect the data 1 and power 2 cables from the back of the diskette drive.
Figure 4-40 Disconnecting the cables from the diskette drive
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Chapter 4 Removal and replacement procedures
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3.
Lift the green drive-lock release tab 1 and gently slide the drive 2 out at the same time.
Figure 4-41 Removing the diskette drive from the chassis
To replace a diskette drive:
1.
Align the metal protrusions on the side of the drive with the grooves in the diskette drive bay and
slide the diskette drive into the bay until it stops.
2.
Connect the data cable to the diskette drive 1 and to the system board 2.
3.
Connect the cables to the back of the diskette drive.
SAS hard drive
To remove a hard drive:
1.
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Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60) and remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66).
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91
2.
Disconnect the data 1 and power 2 cables from the hard drive.
Figure 4-42 Removing the hard drive
3.
Lift up on the green drive-lock release tab 1 and slide the hard drive 2 out of the chassis.
Figure 4-43 Removing the hard drive
To install a SAS hard drive:
1.
92
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60) and remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66).
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2.
Attach a SAS-to-SATA cable adapter to the connector on the hard drive.
Figure 4-44 Attaching the adapter
3.
Push the drive 1 into the selected bay until it snaps into place.
4.
Attach the data 2 and power 3 cables to the drive.
Figure 4-45 Installing the SAS hard drive
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5.
Insert the SAS controller card into an available PCI slot.
6.
Connect the data cable from the hard drive 1 to the controller card 2.
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93
7.
Connect the hard drive LED cable from the card to the hard drive LED connector on the system
board. You can find the location of this connector on the illustration on the inside of the side access
panel.
Figure 4-46 Connecting the SAS cable to the hard drive
SATA hard drive
For more information on SATA hard drives and the SATA RAID configurations, refer to the SATA devices
appendix.
To remove a hard drive:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60) and remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66).
2.
Disconnect the data 1 and power 2 cables from the hard drive.
Figure 4-47 Removing the hard drive
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Chapter 4 Removal and replacement procedures
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3.
Lift up on the green drive-lock release tab 1 and slide the hard drive 2 out of the chassis.
Figure 4-48 Removing the hard drive
To install one or two SATA hard drives:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60) and remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66).
2.
Select a drive bay in which to install the drive.
3.
Push the drive into the selected bay until it snaps into place.
4.
Attach the data 1 and power 2 cables to the drive.
Figure 4-49 Installing the SATA hard drive
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95
5.
Connect the data cable from the hard drive 1 to the serial ATA port 2. SATA0 port is shown in the
following illustration.
●
Connect SATA 0 to SATA0.
●
Connect SATA 1 to SATA1.
Figure 4-50 Connecting the SATA cable to the hard drive
To install three to four SATA hard drives:
1.
Follow the instructions for installing two SATA hard drives above.
2.
Follow the instructions for installing the hard drive into the optical drive slot.
NOTE If installing three SATA hard drives, you must install hard drives in at least one
optical drive bay. If installing four SATA hard drives, you must install hard drives in at least
two optical drive bays.
3.
Connect the data and power cable to the drives.
●
Connect SATA 2 to SATA2.
●
Connect SATA 3 to SATA3.
Installing hard drives in the optical drive bays (optional)
1.
96
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60), remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66), and the front bezel (Front Bezel on page 67).
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2.
Place the hard drive in the bracket 1 and secure with American National screws 2 as shown in the
following illustration.
Figure 4-51 Installing hard drive into bracket
3.
Screw four screws to the bracket 1. Align the screws with the grooves in the optical drive bay and
slide the drive in 2 the chassis.
Figure 4-52 Installing hard drive into optical drive bay
4.
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Connect the data cable to the hard drive 1 and to the system board 2. SATA installation is shown.
Steps for removal and replacement of components
97
5.
Connect the power cables (not shown).
Figure 4-53 Connecting the data cable to the system board
CPU heatsink
NOTE The following illustrated CPU heatsink is typical of what you might have in your
workstation. Be aware that different variations of the CPU heatsinks exist, but the overall
procedures listed are sufficient to assist you in removing the CPU heatsink.
To remove the CPU heatsink:
1.
98
Shut down the system, disconnect power from the system, and remove the side access panel.
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2.
Loosen the four processor screws slowly and evenly. Loosen one pair of diagonally opposite
screws 1 until the screw shanks disengage from the system board, and then loosen the remaining
pair 2. Do not fully loosen one screw, and then move on to the next. Loosen all of the screws a
little at a time, being sure the processor remains level.
Figure 4-54 Identifying proper screw loosening sequence
3.
Disconnect the CPU heatsink fan cable 1 from the system board.
4.
Gently twist the heatsink unit to break the thermal grease binding.
5.
Lift the CPU heatsink 2.
Figure 4-55 Removing the CPU heatsink from the system board
6.
Use alcohol and a soft cloth to clean all of the thermal interface residue from the CPU heatsink and
processor.
CAUTION Allow the alcohol on the processor and CPU heatsink to dry completely.
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99
To replace the CPU heatsink:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60). Remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66) and the CPU heatsink.
2.
Use alcohol and a soft cloth to clean all of the thermal interface residue from the CPU heatsink and
processor.
CAUTION Allow the alcohol on the processor and CPU heatsink to dry completely.
3.
Check for proper processor seating in the socket by carefully trying to lift the processor out of the
socket with your fingers. A properly seated processor does not lift out of the socket.
4.
Apply the thermal grease to center of the processor. If using a new CPU heatsink, remove and
discard the thermal grease protective liner from the bottom of the new CPU heatsink.
NOTE Do not touch the exposed thermal grease when handling the CPU heatsink.
5.
Lower the CPU heatsink onto the system board.
6.
Carefully tighten the four screws a little at a time; do not fully tighten one screw and move onto the
next. Be sure the processor remains level and be sure you do not overtighten the screws. If you
have a torque-limited driver available, tighten the screws to the correct torque setting of 6 in-lbs.
CAUTION Do not overtighten the screws. If you overtighten the screws, you risk stripping
the threads in the system board tray.
Processor
To remove the processor:
100
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60), remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66) and the CPU heatsink (CPU heatsink on page 98).
2.
Raise the lever 1 on the processor socket handle and open the cover 2.
Chapter 4 Removal and replacement procedures
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3.
Pull the processor 3 straight out of the socket. .
Figure 4-56 Raising the processor socket handle
CAUTION Avoid bending the protrusions in the CPU socket. This mishandling can damage the
CPU socket.
NOTE Store the processor in a safe place where it will not be damaged.
To replace the processor:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60), remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66), the CPU heatsink (CPU heatsink on page 98), and
the processor (Processor on page 100).
2.
Raise the processor socket handle fully (the full swing angle of the lever is approximately 90
degrees).
CAUTION Processor pins are delicate and bend easily. Use extreme care when placing
the processor in the socket to avoid bending pins.
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101
3.
Align the triangle on the top of the processor with the triangle on the corner of the processor socket
and install the processor into the socket. Ensure that the underside of the processor is level with
the top of the processor socket. Lightly press down on the top of the processor while closing the
socket lever.
Figure 4-57 Seating the processor
4.
Check for proper processor seating in the socket by carefully trying to lift the processor out of the
socket with your fingers. A properly seated processor does not lift out of the socket.
System board
To remove the system board:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (Predisassembly procedures on page 60) and remove the side
access panel (Side access panel on page 66), remove all expansion boards, graphics cards, and
the CPU heatsink (CPU heatsink on page 98)
2.
Disconnect all cabling from the system board.
NOTE Make note of the cable connections before disconnecting them from the system
board. Refer to Power connections to drives on page 84 for more information.
3.
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Press the release tab 1 as shown in the following illustration.
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4.
Slide the system board toward the front of the chassis and then lift it 2 out of the unit. .
Figure 4-58 Removing the system board
To replace the system board:
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1.
Lay the system board back in the chassis slightly away from the rear of the chassis. The mounting
hooks should fall into the recesses of the tray so the tray lays flat on the chassis base.
2.
Slide the tray towards the rear of the chassis until the heat sink mounting holes line up.
3.
Reinstall the CPU heatsink, cards, and cables.
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5
System diagnostics and
troubleshooting
This chapter discusses the tools available for diagnosing and troubleshooting system issues.
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●
E-Support on page 106
●
Troubleshooting checklist on page 107
●
LED color definitions on page 108
●
HP Insight Diagnostics Offline Edition on page 109
●
Diagnostic error codes on page 114
●
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions on page 117
●
POST and error messages on page 134
105
E-Support
Help & Support Center and E-Support
Help & Support Center (HSC) provides online access to technical support information, software updates
and downloads, diagnostic tools, and HP support contact information.
To open HSC from your desktop, click Start>Help and Support.
HSC contains four sections:
106
●
HP Product Information (requires Internet access)—Links to the HP Technical Support website for
your product. You can access all related documentation, downloads and updates, tools, and more.
●
HP Software & Driver Downloads (requires Internet access)—Links to HP specific software
downloads and updates.
●
HP Support Tools (requires Internet access)—Links to self-help tools and diagnostics offered by
HP Instant Support Professional Edition.
●
Contact HP for Support (does not require Internet access)—Provides two different options:
●
Chat with an expert online (requires Internet access)—Provides a tool to communicate with
a support specialist online through Active Chat.
●
Call a support agent—Provides hardware details about the workstation and HP support
contact phone number worldwide.
Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
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Troubleshooting checklist
Before running any of the diagnostic utilities, use the following checklist to find possible solutions for
workstation or software problems.
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●
Are the workstation and monitor connected to a working electrical outlet?
●
Is the workstation powered on?
●
Is the green power light illuminated?
●
Is the monitor on?
●
Is the green monitor light illuminated?
●
Adjust the monitor brightness and contrast controls if the monitor is dim.
●
Press and hold any key. If the system beeps, then the keyboard is operating correctly.
●
Check all cables for loose or incorrect connections.
●
Reconfigure the workstation after installing a non-PnP expansion board or other option, such as a
diskette drive.
●
Are all of the necessary device drivers installed?
●
Have all printer drivers been installed for each application?
●
Remove all diskettes and CDs from the drives before you power on the system.
●
Are you running the latest BIOS version, drivers, and software updates?
Troubleshooting checklist
107
LED color definitions
An LED light exists on the front panel of your workstation. The following table describes what each color
signifies.
Table 5-1 LED color definitions
108
LED state
LED color
System status
Solid
Green
System is on.
Flashing
Green
System is in Standby.
Solid or flashing
Red
System has experienced an error. Refer
to Diagnostic LED codes on page 114
None
No light
System is in Hibernate, or it is off.
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HP Insight Diagnostics Offline Edition
The diagnostics utility enables you to perform testing and to view critical computer hardware and
software configuration information from various sources. This utility enables you to:
●
Run diagnostics
●
View the hardware configuration of the system
Key features and benefits
HP Insight Diagnostics simplifies the process of effectively identifying, diagnosing, and isolating the
hardware issues.
In addition to robust management tools, service tools can be invaluable in quickly resolving system
problems. To streamline the service process and resolve problems quickly, it is necessary to have the
right information available at the time that a service call is placed. The primary information requirement,
which is also the one that provides the greatest insight into potential system issues, is the configuration
of the system. Insight Diagnostics helps provide higher system availability. Typical uses of the Insight
Diagnostics are:
●
Testing and diagnosing apparent hardware failures
●
Documenting system configurations for upgrade planning, standardization, inventory tracking,
disaster recovery, and maintenance
●
Sending configuration information to another location for more in-depth analysis
Theory of operation
Insight Diagnostics Offline Edition operates in offline mode only. The operating system is not running
and software information from the system is not available to the diagnostics.
Offline Survey is available to display the current system configuration.
The Insight Diagnostics Test feature provides the capability to test functionality of all the major hardware
components in the system. The Test feature is designed to be flexible to enable you to customize test
selections by providing different modes and types of testing.
A Quick Test provides a predetermined script where a sample of each hardware component is exercised
and requires no user intervention.
A Complete Test provides a predetermined script during which each hardware component is fully tested.
You can select Interactive or Unattended tests. This will change the devices tested during the Complete
Test. There are more tests available in the interactive mode, but these require user intervention.
A Custom Test provides the most flexibility in controlling the testing of a system. The Custom Test mode
enables you to specifically select which devices, tests, and test parameters are run. You can select tests
that do not require any user interaction through the Interactive and Unattended tests modes.
Diagnostic Utility on CD
HP Insight Diagnostics is available on the Documentation Library CD that was shipped with your
workstation.
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109
To start the diagnostic utility on the Documentation Library CD:
1.
Power on your workstation and press the F10 key during the initial boot process to enter the
Computer Setup (F10) Utility.
2.
Select your language from the list and press the Enter key. In the Computer Setup Utilities menu,
four headings are displayed: File, Storage, Security, and Advanced. There may be other
headings depending on the workstation.
3.
Use the right arrow key to select Storage.
4.
Use the down arrow key to select Boot Order, and press Enter.
5.
Select CD-ROM Drive and enable it as a bootable device by pressing the F5 key (if not already
enabled, pressing the F5 key again disables the device). Default setting is enabled.
6.
Set the CD-ROM Drive to the top of the boot order. To do this, select CD-ROM, press the Enter
key, and use the up arrow to move it to the top of the boot order.
7.
To apply and save changes, press the F10 key, and select File>Save Changes and Exit
8.
Insert the Documentation Library CD into the workstation.
9.
Restart your system and HP Insight Diagnostics launches automatically.
Downloading the latest diagnostic utility
1.
Access http://www.hp.com.
2.
Click the Support & Drivers link.
3.
Select the Download driver and software radio button.
4.
Enter your product number (for example, xw4400) in the text box and press the Enter key.
5.
Select your operating system.
6.
Click the Diagnostic link.
7.
Locate HP Insight Diagnostics Offline and click Download.
User Interface
Navigation
The Insight Diagnostics home page contains the following tabs: Survey, Test, Status, Log, and
Help. These tabs separate the major functions of Insight Diagnostics.
Survey tab
When the Survey tab is selected, the Survey menu displays and enables you to view important system
configuration information. The Summary view limits the amount of data displayed, while the
Advanced view shows all the data in the selected category. Regardless of whether you choose
Advanced or Summary, the following categories of information are available on the Survey menu:
Overview—Gives you a listing of general information about the computer.
All—Gives a listing of all information about the computer.
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Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
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Architecture—Shows the type of bus the computer uses as well as BIOS information. In addition, if the
bus is PCI, information about the PCI configuration is displayed.
Asset Control—Shows the serial number of the computer and also provides processor information.
Communication—Shows information about the computer parallel (LPT) and serial (COM) port settings,
USB, and network controller information.
Graphics—Shows information about the graphics subsystem of the computer.
Input Devices—Shows information about the type of keyboard and mouse.
Memory—Shows information about all memory in the computer, including memory on the board and
any memory modules installed.
Miscellaneous—Shows information obtained from the computers configuration memory (CMOS), BIOS
data area, Interrupt Vector table, and diagnostics component information.
Storage—Shows information about storage media connected to the computer, including all fixed disks,
floppy drives, and CD-ROM drives.
System—Shows product type, processor type and speed, coprocessor information, and information
about all ROMs in the computer.
Test tab
The Insight Diagnostics utility provides the capability to test all the major pieces of hardware in the
system. You can select from several types of tests:
Quick Test—Provides a predetermined script during which a sample of most hardware components is
exercised and requires no user intervention.
Complete Test—Provides a predetermined script during which most hardware components are fully
tested. You can select Interactive or Unattended tests. This will change the devices tested during the
Complete Test. More tests are available in the interactive mode, but these require user intervention.
Custom Test—Provides the most flexibility in controlling the testing of a system. The Custom Test mode
enables you to specifically select which devices, tests, and test parameters are run. You can select tests
that do not require any user interaction through the Interactive and Unattended test modes. More tests
are available in the interactive mode, but these tests require user intervention.
To begin testing:
1.
Click the Test tab.
2.
Select Type of Test to perform and then select Test Mode, either Interactive or Unattended.
3.
Choose how you want the test to be executed, either Number of Loops or Total Test Time.
4.
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●
When choosing to run the test over a specified number of loops, enter the number of loops to
perform.
●
If you want to run the diagnostic test for a specified time period, enter the amount of time in
minutes.
Click Begin Testing in the lower right corner of the display to start the test.
HP Insight Diagnostics Offline Edition
111
While tests are being performed, you can monitor the progress by viewing the Status tab. Any errors
that are detected are summarized in the Error Log. Select Save to save the report to floppy or a USB
Key Drive if attached.
If the diagnostics utility detects an error during a test, the user can mouse-over the failed text in the
Status tab to display additional information for the type of error and the error code.
To view all test failure information, Error Log. To view the status of all testing that has been performed,
click the Log tab.
Status tab
The Status tab displays the status of the selected tests. The type of test executed (for example,
Quick, Complete, Custom) is displayed. The main progress bar displays the percent complete of the
current set of tests. While testing is in progress, Cancel Testing is displayed. This selection will cancel
the test job.
After testing has completed, the Cancel testing button is replaced with two buttons, Select New
Tests and Retest. The Select New Tests button enables you to go back to the previous test selection
page to select a new set of tests. The Retest button retests the last set of tests executed. This enables
you to rerun the set of tests without having to go back to the test selection page.
The Status page also shows:
●
The devices being tested
●
The tests that are running
●
The overall Test time
●
The individual Test times
●
The condition status of each test
Log tab
The Log tab consists of three views.
Test Log—Displays all tests that have been executed, number of times the test has been executed,
number of times the test failed, and the time it took to complete the test. The Clear Test Log button will
clear the contents of the Test Log.
Error Log—Displays the tests that have failed during the diagnostic testing. Besides displaying the
device and test, this section might also include error details. The description section describes the error
that the diagnostic test found. The Recommended Repair will give a recommended action that should
be performed to resolve the failed hardware. The error count is the number of times the test has failed.
The Clear Error Log button will clear the contents of the Error Log.
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Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
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Help tab
The Help tab has three views:
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●
HP Insight Diagnostics—Provides introductory and detailed information about Insight Field
Diagnostics.
●
Error Codes—Provides error code listings. It includes device tested, message, and recommended
repair information.
●
Test Components—Reloads and refreshes all components and display component details after
the refresh.
HP Insight Diagnostics Offline Edition
113
Diagnostic error codes
This sections provides an overview of the diagnostic LEDs and error codes that are related to your
workstation.
Diagnostic LED codes
NOTE The beeps are heard through the on-board piezo speaker and not the chassis speaker.
The flashing lights and beeps repeat for five cycles. After that, only the flashing lights repeat.
Table 5-2 Diagnostic LED codes
Chassis indicator LEDs
Power LED and sound
activity
Diagnosis and service action
None
System does not power on. Press the power button. If HDD LED = GREEN, then:
1.
Remove expansion cards one at a time.
2.
Replace the system board.
OR
Press the power button. If HDD LED does not illuminate, then:
Blinks red 2 times, once per
second, then 2–second pause,
2 beeps
114
1.
Verify that the unit is plugged into a working AC outlet.
2.
Open access panel and verify that the power button harness is properly connected
to the inline front panel I/O device assembly connector.
3.
Verify that the power supply cables are properly connected to the system board.
4.
Verify the power supply functionality.
a.
Disconnect AC power.
b.
Remove all internal power supply cables from the system board.
c.
Plug in AC power.
●
If the power supply fan spins and the BIST LED illuminates, then the power
supply is good. Replace the system board.
●
If the power supply fan does not spin or the BIST LED does not illuminate,
replace the power supply.
Thermal shutdown has occurred:
1.
Ensure that the workstation air vents are not blocked and the cooling fan is
running.
2.
Open the access panel, press power button, and determine whether the processor
fan spins. If it does not spin, ensure the fan cable is plugged into the system board.
Ensure that the fan is properly seated.
3.
If the fan is plugged in and seated but not spinning, then replace processor fan.
4.
Reseat the CPU heatsink and verify that the fan assembly properly attached.
Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
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Table 5-2 Diagnostic LED codes (continued)
Chassis indicator LEDs
Power LED and sound
activity
Diagnosis and service action
Blinks red 3 times, once per
second, then 2-second pause,
3 beeps
CPU not installed.
Blinks red 4 times, once per
second, then 2-second pause,
4 beeps
Blinks red 5 times, once per
second, then 2-second pause,
5 beeps
Blinks red 6 times, once per
second, then 2-second pause,
6 beeps
1.
Install CPU.
2.
Reseat CPU.
Power supply failure.
1.
Open the access panel, and be sure the four-wire power supply cable is properly
connected to the system board.
2.
Locate faulty device by removing all devices and then reinstalling one at a time
until workstation fails. Replace the device causing the failure. Continue adding
devices to ensure all are functioning properly.
3.
Verify the power supply functionality.
a.
Disconnect AC power.
b.
Remove all internal power supply cables from the system board.
c.
Plug in AC power.
●
If the power supply fan spins and the BIST LED illuminates, then the
power supply is good. Replace the system board.
●
If the power supply fan does not spin or the BIST LED does not
illuminate, replace the power supply.
Pre-video memory error.
1.
Reseat memory modules.
2.
Replace memory modules one at a time to find the faulty module.
3.
Replace third-party modules with HP memory.
4.
Replace system board.
Pre-video graphic card error.
For systems with integrated graphics, replace system board.
For systems with graphic cards:
Blinks red 7 times, once per
second, then 2-second pause,
7 beeps.
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1.
Reseat the graphic card. Power on the system.
2.
Replace the graphic card.
3.
Replace the system board.
System board failure (ROM detected failure before video).
Replace system board.
Diagnostic error codes
115
Table 5-2 Diagnostic LED codes (continued)
Chassis indicator LEDs
Power LED and sound
activity
Diagnosis and service action
Blinks red 8 times, once per
second, then 2-second pause,
8 beeps
Invalid ROM based on bad checksum.
Blinks red 9 times, once per
second, then 2-second pause,
9 beeps
116
1.
Reflash ROM.
2.
Replace system board.
System powers on but is unable to boot.
1.
Replace the system board.
2.
Replace the processor.
Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
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Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions
This section presents an extensive overview of various troubleshooting scenarios and includes possible
solutions for each.
Solving minor problems
Table 5-3 Minor problems
Problem
Cause
Possible Solution
Workstation appears locked
up and will not shut down when
the power button is pressed.
Software control of the power
switch is not functional.
1.
Press and hold the power button for at least four
seconds until the workstation shuts down.
2.
Disconnect electrical plug from outlet.
1.
Attempt the normal Windows shutdown procedure.
2.
Restart the workstation using the power button.
1.
Reset the date and time under Control Panel.
2.
Replace the RTC battery.
Workstation seems to be
locked up.
Workstation date and time
display is incorrect.
Program in use has stopped
responding to commands.
Real-time clock (RTC) battery
might need to be replaced.
Workstation appears to pause
periodically.
Network driver is loaded and no
network connection is
established.
Establish a network connection, or use Computer Setup or
Microsoft Windows Device Manager to disable the network
controller.
Cursor will not move using the
arrow keys on the keypad.
The Num Lock key might be on.
Press the Num Lock key. The Num Lock key can be
disabled (or enabled) in Computer Setup.
Poor performance is
experienced.
Processor is hot.
1.
Be sure airflow to the workstation is not blocked.
2.
Be sure the fans are connected and working properly
(some fans only operate when needed).
3.
Be sure the CPU heatsink is installed properly.
Workstation powered off
automatically and the Power
LED flashes red 2 times, once
every second, followed by a 2second pause, and two
simultaneous beeps are
heard.
Hard drive is full.
Transfer data from the hard drive to create more space on
the hard drive.
Processor thermal protection
activated.
1.
Be sure workstation air vents are not blocked and the
cooling fan is running.
A fan might be blocked or not
turning.
2.
Open the access panel, press the power button, and
see if the processor fan spins. If not spinning, be sure
the fan’s cable is plugged into the system board
header. Be sure the fan is fully/properly seated or
installed.
OR
The CPU heatsink is not properly
attached to the processor.
3.
4.
System does not power on,
and the LEDs on the front of
the workstation are not
flashing.
System unable to power on.
Replace the processor fan.
Reseat CPU heatsink and verify that the fan assembly
is properly attached.
Press and hold the power button for less than 4 seconds. If
the hard drive LED turns green, then:
1.
Remove the expansion cards.
2.
Replace the system board.
OR
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Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions
117
Table 5-3 Minor problems (continued)
Problem
Cause
Possible Solution
Press and hold the power button for less than 4 seconds. If
HDD LED does not illuminate, then:
1.
Verify that the unit is plugged into a working AC outlet.
2.
Open the access panel and verify that the power button
harness is properly connected to the inline front panel
I/O device assembly connector.
3.
Verify that the power supply cables are properly
connected to the system board.
4.
Verify the power supply functionality.
a.
Disconnect AC power.
b.
Remove all internal power supply cables from the
system board.
c.
Plug in AC power.
●
If the power supply fan spins and the BIST
LED illuminates, then the power supply is
good. Replace the system board.
●
If the power supply fan does not spin or the
BIST LED does not illuminate, replace the
power supply.
Solving power supply problems
Testing power supply
Before replacing the power supply, use the Built-In Self-Test (BIST) feature to learn if the power supply
still works.
To test the power supply:
118
1.
Unplug the AC power.
2.
Disconnect all internal power supply cables from the system board.
3.
Plug in AC power.
●
If the green BIST LED (illustrated below) on the rear of the workstation is illuminated and the
fan is spinning, the power supply is functional.
●
If the green BIST LED (illustrated below) is not illuminated or the fan is not spinning, replace
the power supply.
Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
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Figure 5-1 Testing power supply with BIST LED
Table 5-4 Power supply problems
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Problem
Cause
Solution
Power supply shuts down
intermittently.
Power supply fault.
Replace the power supply.
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions
119
Table 5-4 Power supply problems (continued)
Problem
Cause
Solution
Workstation powered off
automatically and the Power LED
flashes red 2 times, once every
second, followed by a 2-second
pause.
Processor thermal protection
activated.
1.
Be sure that the workstation air vents are not blocked
and the cooling fan is running.
A fan might be blocked or not
turning.
2.
Open the access panel, press the power button, and
determine whether the processor fan spins. If the
processor fan is not spinning, be sure the fan’s cable
is plugged into the system board header. Be sure the
fan is properly seated or installed.
3.
Replace the processor fan.
4.
Reseat CPU heatsink and verify that the fan
assembly is properly attached.
1.
Determine whether a device is causing the problem
by removing all attached devices). Power on the
system. If the system enters the POST, then power
off and replace one device at a time and repeat this
procedure until failure occurs. Replace the device
causing the failure. Continue adding devices one at a
time to ensure all devices are functioning properly.
2.
Verify the power supply functionality.
OR
The CPU heatsink fan
assembly is not properly
attached to the processor.
Power LED flashes red, once every Power failure (power supply is
2 seconds.
overloaded).
a.
Disconnect AC power.
b.
Remove all internal power supply cables from
the system board.
c.
Plug in AC power.
●
If the power supply fan spins and the BIST
LED illuminates, then the power supply is
good. Replace the system board.
●
If the power supply fan does not spin or the
BIST LED does not illuminate, replace the
power supply.
Solving diskette problems
Table 5-5 Diskette problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
Diskette drive light stays on.
Diskette is damaged.
In Microsoft Windows 2000 and Microsoft Windows XP,
right-click Start, click Explore, and select a drive.
Select File>Properties>Tools. Under Error-checking,
click Check Now.
Diskette is incorrectly inserted.
Remove and reinsert diskette.
Files on diskette are damaged.
Verify the program diskettes.
Drive cable is not properly
connected.
Reconnect power cable. Be sure that all four pins are
connected.
Cable is loose.
Reseat diskette drive data and power cables.
Removable drive is not seated
properly.
Reseat the drive.
Drive not found.
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Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
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Table 5-5 Diskette problems (continued)
Problem
Cause
Solution
Diskette drive cannot write to a
diskette.
Diskette is not formatted.
Format the diskette.
Diskette is write-protected.
Use another diskette or remove the write protection.
Writing to the wrong drive.
Verify the drive letter in the path statement.
Not enough space is left on the
diskette.
Use another diskette.
Diskette write control is
enabled.
Use Computer Setup to verify the storage security feature
disabled settings.
Diskette is damaged.
Replace the damaged disk.
Invalid media reported.
When formatting a disk in MS-DOS, you might need to
specify diskette capacity. For example, to format a 1.44–
MB diskette, enter the following command at the MSDOS prompt:
Cannot format diskette.
FORMAT A: /F:1440
A problem has occurred with a disk
transaction.
The directory structure is bad,
or there is a problem with a file.
In Windows 2000 and Windows XP, right-click Start,
click Explore, and select a drive. Select
File>Properties>Tools. Under Error-checking, click
Check Now.
Diskette drive cannot read
a diskette.
Diskette is not formatted.
Format the diskette.
You are using the wrong
diskette type for the drive type.
Verify the type of drive that you are using and use the
correct diskette type.
You are reading the wrong
drive.
Verify the drive letter in the path statement.
Diskette is damaged.
Replace the diskette with a new one.
“Invalid system disk” message is
displayed.
Cannot Boot to Diskette.
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A diskette that does not contain When drive activity stops, remove the diskette and press
the system files needed to start the Spacebar. The workstation should start up.
the workstation has been
inserted in the drive.
Diskette error has occurred.
Restart the workstation by pressing the power button.
Diskette is not bootable.
Replace with a bootable diskette.
Diskette boot has been
disabled in Computer Setup.
Run Computer Setup and enable diskette boot in
Storage>Boot Order.
Removable media boot has
been disabled in Computer
Setup.
Run Computer Setup and enable Removable Media Boot
in Storage>Storage Options.
Diskette MBR validation is
enabled.
Run Computer Setup and disable Diskette MBR
Validation in Storage>Storage Options.
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions
121
Solving
Table 5-6 Hard drive problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
Hard drive error occurs.
Hard disk has bad sectors or
has failed.
Use a utility to locate and block usage of bad sectors. If
necessary, reformat the hard disk.
Or, run DPS Self-test if the drive drive is detected by the
BIOS.
Disk transaction problem.
The directory structure is bad,
or there is a problem with a file.
Right-click Start, click Explore, and select a drive.
Select File>Properties>Tools. Under Error-checking,
click Check Now.
Drive not found (identified).
Loose cable.
Verify cable connections.
The system might not have
automatically recognized a
newly installed device.
1.
Run Computer Setup.
2.
If the system still does not recognize the new device,
verify to see if the device is listed within Computer
Setup. If it is listed, the probable cause is a driver
problem. If it is not listed, the probable cause is a
hardware problem.
3.
If this drive is newly installed, enter Setup and try
adding a POST delay under Advanced>Power-On.
Drive jumper settings might be
incorrect.
If the drive is a secondary drive that has just been installed
on the same cable as the primary drive, verify that the
jumpers for both drives are set correctly.
Drive responds slowly
immediately after power-up.
Run Computer Setup and increase the POST Delay in
Advanced>Power-On Options.
Nonsystem disk/NTLDR missing
message.
System is trying to start from a
non-bootable diskette.
Remove the diskette from the diskette drive.
Nonsystem disk/NTLDR missing
message.
System is trying to start from a
damaged hard drive.
1.
Insert a bootable diskette into the diskette drive and
restart the workstation.
2.
If the hard drive is still inaccessible and MBR Security
is enabled, try restoring the previously saved
MBR image by entering Setup and selecting
Security>Restore Master Boot Record.
1.
Insert a bootable system diskette and restart.
2.
Verify that the hard drive is partitioned and formatted.
3.
Install system files for the appropriate operating
system if necessary.
System files missing or not
properly installed.
Second Ultra ATA hard drive does
not perform optimally.
Workstation will not start.
122
Hard drive boot disabled in
Computer Setup.
Run Computer Setup and enable the hard drive entry in
the Storage>Boot Order list.
Using the wrong cable for the
drive type.
Reinstall the second Ultra ATA hard drive using an 80conductor cable (standard on select models.)
Both slow and fast UATA
devices are on the same data
cable.
Connect slower UATA devices to a separate data cable
connected to the secondary IDE (ATA) controller.
Hard drive is damaged.
Observe the beeps and LEDs on the front of the
workstation. Refer to POST and error messages
on page 134.
Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
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Solving display problems
Table 5-7 Display problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
Blank screen (no video).
The cable connections are not
correct.
Verify the cable connections from the monitor to the
workstation and to a working electrical outlet.
The monitor is off.
Switch the monitor to on (LED is on). You might need to
refer to the monitor manual for an explanation of the LED
signals.
Screen blanking utility installed
or energy saver features
enabled.
Press any key or click the mouse button, and, if set, enter
your password.
System ROM is bad; system is Reflash the ROM using a ROMPaq diskette.
running in FailSafe Boot Block
mode (indicated by 8 beeps).
The display works properly during
the POST but goes blank when the
operating system starts.
Power LED flashes red 6 times,
once every second, followed by a
2–second pause, and the
workstation beeps 6 times.
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Fixed-sync monitor will not
sync at the resolution chosen.
Be sure that the monitor can accept the same horizontal
scan rate as the resolution chosen.
Computer is in mode.
Press the power button to resume from mode.
Monitor settings in the
workstation are not compatible
with the monitor.
1.
Restart the workstation and press F8 during startup
when you see Press F8 in the bottom-right corner of
the screen.
2.
Using the keyboard arrow keys, select Enable VGA
Mode and press Enter.
3.
In Windows Control Panel, double-click the Display
icon and select the Settings tab.
4.
Use the sliding control to reset the resolution.
1.
Restart your workstation in VGA mode.
2.
After the operating system starts, change the display
settings to match those supported by your graphics
card and monitor.
3.
Refer to your operating system and graphics card
documentation for information on changing display
settings.
The display settings in the
operating system are
incompatible with your
graphics card and monitor.
Pre-video graphics error.
For systems with a graphics card:
1.
Reseat the graphics card.
2.
Replace the graphics card.
3.
Replace the system board.
Monitor does not function properly
when used with energy saver
features.
Monitor without energy saver
capabilities is being used with
energy saver features
enabled.
Disable monitor energy saver feature.
Dim character s.
The brightness and contrast
controls are not set properly.
Adjust the monitor brightness and contrast controls.
Cables are not properly
connected.
Verify that the graphics cable is securely connected to the
graphics card and the monitor.
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions
123
Table 5-7 Display problems (continued)
Problem
Cause
Solution
Blurry video or requested
resolution cannot be set.
If the graphics controller was
upgraded, the correct video
drivers might not be loaded.
Install the video drivers included in the upgrade kit.
Monitor is not capable of
displaying requested
resolution.
Change requested resolution.
The monitor connections might
be incomplete, or the monitor
might be incorrectly adjusted.
1.
Be sure the monitor cable is securely connected to the
workstation.
2.
In a 2-monitor system or if another monitor is in close
proximity, be sure the monitors are not interfering with
each other’s electromagnetic field by moving them
apart.
3.
Fluorescent lights or fans might be too close to the
monitor.
The picture is broken up, rolls,
jitters, or flashes.
Monitor must be degaussed.
Degauss the monitor.
Vibrating or rattling noise coming
from inside a CRT monitor when
powered on.
Monitor degaussing coil has
been activated.
None. It is normal for the degaussing coil to be activated
when the monitor is powered on.
Clicking noise coming from inside a
CRT monitor.
Electronic relays have been
activated inside the monitor.
None. It is normal for some monitors to make a clicking
noise when turned on and off, when going in and out of
Standby mode, and when changing resolutions.
High pitched noise coming from
inside a flat-panel monitor.
Brightness and contrast
settings are too high.
Lower brightness and contrast settings.
Fuzzy focus; streaking, ghosting,
or shadowing effects; horizontal
scrolling lines; faint vertical bars; or
unable to center the picture on the
screen. (Flat-panel monitors using
an analog VGA input connection
only.)
Flat-panel monitor’s internal
digital conversion circuits
might be unable to correctly
interpret the output
synchronization of the graphic
card.
1.
Select the monitor’s Auto-Adjustment option in the
monitor’s on-screen display menu.
2.
Manually synchronize the Clock and Clock Phase onscreen display functions. Download SoftPaq
SP20930 or SP22333, depending on the monitor, to
assist with the synchronization.
Certain typed symbols do not
appear correctly.
The font you are using does
not support that particular
symbol.
Use the Character Map to locate the and select the
appropriate symbol. ClickStart>All Programs>
Accessories>System Tools>Character Map. You can
copy the symbol from the Character Map into a document.
Problem
Cause
Solution
Sound does not come out of the
speaker or headphones.
Software volume control is
turned down.
Double-click the Speaker icon on the taskbar and use the
volume slider to adjust the volume.
The external speakers are not
turned on.
Turn on the external speakers.
External speakers plugged into
the wrong audio jack.
See the sound card documentation for proper speaker
connection.
Audio cable not connected.
Connect audio cable between CD or DVD-ROM drive and
the system board.
Solving audio problems
Table 5-8 Audio problems
124
Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
ENWW
Table 5-8 Audio problems (continued)
Problem
Cause
Solution
Digital CD audio is
not enabled.
Enable digital CD audio:
1.
From the Control Panel, select System.
2.
On the Hardware tab, click the Device Manager
button.
3.
Right-click the CD/DVD device and select
Properties.
4.
On the Properties tab, be sure Enable digital CD
audio for this CD-ROM device is selected.
Headphones or devices
connected to the line-out
connector mute the internal
speaker.
Turn on and use headphones or external speakers, if
connected, or disconnect headphones or external
speakers.
Volume is muted.
1.
From the Control Panel program, click Sound,
Speech and Audio Devices, then click Sounds and
Audio Devices.
2.
Click the Mute checkbox to remove the checkmark
from the box.
Computer is in Standby mode.
Noise or no sound comes out of the
speakers or headphones.
Press the power button to resume from Standby mode.
1.
If using digital speakers that have a stereo jack and
want the system to auto-switch to digital, use a stereoto-mono adapter to properly engage the auto-sense
feature or use the multimedia device properties
to manually switch the audio signal from analog to
digital.
2.
If the headphones have a mono jack, use the
multimedia device properties to switch the system to
analog out.
NOTE If you set digital as the Output Mode, the internal speaker and external analog speakers will no longer output
audio until you switch back to an auto-sense or analog mode.
If you set analog as the Output Mode, external digital speakers will not function until you change the output mode back
to an auto-sense or digital mode.
The sound occurs intermittently.
Processor resources are being
used by other open
applications.
Shut down all open processor-intensive applications.
Workstation appears to be locked
up while recording audio.
The hard disk might be full.
1.
Before recording, be sure there is enough free space
on the hard disk.
2.
Try recording the audio file in a compressed format.
Solving printer problems
Table 5-9 Printer problems
ENWW
Problem
Cause
Solution
Printer does not print.
Printer is not turned on and
online.
Turn the printer on and be sure it is online.
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions
125
Table 5-9 Printer problems (continued)
Problem
Cause
Solution
The correct printer driver for
the application is not installed.
1.
Install the correct printer driver for the application.
2.
Try printing using the MS-DOS command:
DIR C:\> [printer port]
where [printer port] is the address of the printer
being used. If the printer works, reload the printer
driver.
If you are on a network, you
might not have made the
connection to the printer.
Make the proper network connections to the printer.
Printer might have failed.
Run printer self-test.
Printer does not turn on.
The cables might not be
connected properly.
Reconnect all cables.
Printer prints garbled information.
The correct printer driver is not
installed.
Install the correct printer driver for the application.
The cables might not be
connected properly.
Reconnect all cables.
Printer memory might be
overloaded.
Reset the printer by turning it off for one minute, then turn
it back on.
The printer might be out of
paper.
1.
Verify the paper tray and refill it if it is empty.
2.
Select online.
Printer is offline.
Solving keyboard and mouse problems
Table 5-10 Keyboard and mouse problems
126
Problem
Cause
Solution
Keyboard commands and typing
are not recognized by the
workstation.
Keyboard connector is not
properly connected.
1.
Power off the workstation.
2.
Reconnect the keyboard to the back of the
workstation and restart the workstation.
Program in use has stopped
responding to commands.
Shut down the workstation using the mouse, and then
restart the workstation.
Keyboard needs repairs.
Replace the keyboard.
Keyboard key is stuck down.
Remove any debris from the keyboard.
Workstation is in mode.
Press the power button to resume from mode.
Cursor will not move using the
arrow keys on the keypad.
The Num Lock key might be
on.
Press the Num Lock key. The Num Lock light should not
be on if you want to use the arrow keys. The Num Lock key
can be disabled (or enabled) in Computer Setup.
Mouse does not respond to
movement or is too slow.
Mouse connector is
not properly plugged into the
back of the workstation.
1.
Shut down the workstation using the keyboard.
2.
Plug the mouse connector into the PS/2 mouse
connector slot in the workstation, and restart the
workstation.
Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
ENWW
Table 5-10 Keyboard and mouse problems (continued)
Problem
Mouse will only move vertically or
horizontally, or movement is jerky.
Cause
Solution
Program in use has stopped
responding to commands.
Shut down the workstation using the keyboard and then
restart the workstation.
Mouse needs repairs.
Replace the mouse.
Workstation is in Standby
mode.
Press the power button to resume from Standby mode.
Mouse roller ball is dirty.
Remove roller ball cover from the bottom of the mouse and
clean it. Then, replace cover.
Solving front panel component problems
If you are experiencing problems with one of the front panel ports, you might be able to try your device
in the corresponding port on the back side of the computer. If this does not fix the problem or you must
use the front panel ports, continue troubleshooting.
Some problems in this section are also discussed in other troubleshooting suggestions in this chapter.
Table 5-11 Front panel component problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
A USB device, headphone, or
microphone is not recognized by
the workstation.
The device is not properly
connected.
1.
Power off the workstation.
2.
Reconnect the device to the front of the workstation
and restart the workstation.
The device does not have
power.
The correct device driver is not 1.
installed.
2.
Install the correct driver for the device.
The cable from the device to
the computer does not work.
1.
If possible, replace the cable.
2.
Restart the workstation.
1.
Replace the device.
2.
Restart the workstation.
The internal cables might not
be connected to the system
board or the PCI card.
1.
Power off the workstation.
2.
Connect the cables correctly.
Cables of new external device
are loose, or power cables are
unplugged.
Be sure that all cables are properly and securely
connected.
The power switch on the
device is not turned on.
Power off the workstation, power on the external device,
then power on the workstation to integrate the device
with the workstation system.
The device is not working.
A USB, audio, or IEEE-1394
devices is not working.
A device in the IEEE-1394 port is
not responsive.
The IEEE-1394 port is not active.
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If the USB device requires AC power, be sure one end is
connected to the device and one end is connected to a live
outlet.
You might need to reboot the workstation.
The port is not there because it You can buy an IEEE 1394 PCI adapter card. Contact an
was not purchased with the
HP seller.
system.
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions
127
Solving hardware installation problems
You might need to reconfigure the workstation when you add or remove hardware, such as an additional
diskette drive. If you install a PnP (positive-negative-positive) device, Windows 2000 and Windows XP
automatically recognize the device and configure the workstation. If you install a non-PnP device, you
must reconfigure the workstation after completing installation of the new hardware.
Table 5-12 Hardware installation problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
A new device is not recognized as
part of the system.
Device is not seated or
connected properly.
Be sure that the device is properly and securely connected
and that pins in the connector are not bent down.
Cables of new external device
are loose, or power cables are
unplugged.
Be sure that all cables are properly and securely connected
and that pins in the cable or connector are not bent down.
Power switch of new external
device is not turned on.
Power off the workstation, power on the external device,
then power on the workstation to integrate the device
with the workstation system.
When the system advised you
of changes to the
configuration, you did not
accept them.
Reboot the workstation and follow the instructions for
accepting the changes.
A PnP board might not
automatically configure when
added if the default
configuration conflicts with
other devices.
Use Windows XP Device Manager to deselect the
automatic settings for the board and choose a basic
configuration that does not cause a resource conflict. You
can also use Computer Setup to reconfigure or disable
devices to resolve the resource conflict.
Device hardware is not
properly jumpered or
otherwise configured.
Read the device-specific configuration information and
check for incorrect settings or conflicts with other devices
already installed in the system.
Wrong memory modules were
used in the upgrade, or
memory modules were
installed in the wrong location.
1.
Review the documentation that came with the system
to determine if you are using the correct memory
modules and to verify the proper installation.
2.
Observe the beeps and LEDs on the front of the
workstation. Refer to POST and error messages
on page 134 to determine possible causes.
Workstation will not start.
Power LED flashes red 5 times,
once every second, followed by a
2–second pause, and the
workstation beeps 5 times.
Power LED flashes red 6 times,
once every second, followed by a
2–second pause, and the
workstation beeps 6 times.
128
PCI Express power cable
might be plugged into the
wrong connector on the
system board.
Connect the auxiliary PCI Express power cable to the PCI
Express card.
Memory is installed incorrectly
or is bad.
1.
Reseat DIMMs.
2.
Replace DIMMs one at a time to isolate the faulty
module.
3.
Replace third-party memory with HP memory.
Replace the system board.
Video card is not seated
properly or is bad, or system
board is bad.
Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
For systems with a graphic card:
1.
Reseat the graphics card.
2.
Replace the graphics card.
3.
Replace the system board.
ENWW
Solving network problems
These guidelines do not discuss the process of debugging the network cabling.
Table 5-13 Network problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
Wake-on-LAN feature is not
functioning.
Wake-on-LAN is not enabled.
Use the Network control application to enable Wake-onLAN.
Network driver does not detect
network controller.
Network controller is disabled.
Run Computer Setup and enable network controller.
Incorrect network driver.
Verify the network controller documentation for the correct
driver or obtain the latest driver from the manufacturer’s
website.
Network status link light does not
illuminate or it never flashes.
No active network is detected.
Verify cabling and network equipment for proper
connection.
The network status light should
flash when there is network
activity.
Network controller is not set up
properly.
Use the Network control application to verify that the
device is working properly.
Network driver is not properly
loaded.
Reinstall network drivers.
System cannot auto-sense the
network.
Disable auto-sensing capabilities and force the system
into the correct operating mode.
The cable is not securely
connected.
Be sure that both ends of the data cable are securely
connected.
The cable is attached to the
incorrect connector.
Be sure that the cable is attached to the correct connector.
There is a problem with the cable
or a device at the other end of the
cable.
Be sure that the cable and device at the other end are
operating correctly.
Network controller interrupt is
shared with an expansion board.
Under the Computer Setup Advanced menu, change the
resource settings for the board.
The network controller
is defective.
Replace the NIC.
Network drivers are not loaded, or
driver parameters do not match
current configuration.
1.
Be sure the network drivers are loaded and that the
driver parameters match the configuration of the
network controller.
2.
Be sure the correct network client and protocol is
installed.
Diagnostics reports a failure.
Diagnostics passes, but the
workstation does not
communicate with the network.
Network controller stopped
working when an expansion
board was added to the
workstation.
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The network controller is not
configured for this workstation.
Double-click the Network icon in the Control Panel and
configure the network controller.
Network controller interrupt is
shared with an expansion board.
Under the Computer Setup Advanced menu, change the
resource settings for the board.
The network controller requires
drivers.
Verify that the drivers were not accidentally deleted when
the drivers for a new expansion board were installed.
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions
129
Table 5-13 Network problems (continued)
Problem
Cause
Solution
The expansion board installed is a
network card and conflicts with the
embedded network card.
Under the Computer Setup Advanced menu, change the
resource settings for the board.
The files containing the network
drivers are corrupted.
Reinstall the network drivers, using the Restore Plus! CD.
The cable is not securely
connected.
Be sure that both ends of the cable are securely attached
to the correct devices.
The network controller is
defective.
Replace the NIC.
New network card will not boot.
New network card might be
defective or might not meet
industry-standard specifications.
Install a working, industry-standard NIC, or change the
boot sequence to boot from another source.
Cannot connect to network
server when attempting remote
system installation.
The network controller is not
configured properly.
Verify network connectivity, that a DHCP Server is
present, and that the Remote System Installation Server
contains the NIC drivers for your NIC.
System setup utility reports
unprogrammed EEPROM.
Unprogrammed EEPROM.
Flash the ROM.
Network controller stops working
without apparent cause.
Solving memory problems
CAUTION For those systems that support ECC memory, HP does not support mixing ECC and
non-ECC memory. Otherwise, the system will not boot the operating system.
Table 5-14 Memory problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
System will not boot or does not
function properly after installing
additional memory modules.
Memory module is not the
correct type or speed or the
new memory module is not
seated properly.
Replace module with the correct industry-standard device
for the workstation.
On some models, ECC and non-ECC memory modules
cannot be mixed.
Out of memory error.
Memory configuration might
not be set up correctly.
Use the Device Manager to verify memory configuration.
You have run out of memory to
run the application.
Verify the application documentation to determine the
memory requirements.
Memory count during POST is
wrong.
The memory modules might
not be installed correctly.
Verify that the memory modules have been installed
correctly and that proper modules are used.
Insufficient memory error during
operation.
Too many Terminate and Stay
Resident programs (TSRs) are
installed.
Delete any TSRs that you do not need.
You have run out of memory
for the application.
Verify the memory requirements for the application or add
more memory to the workstation.
Memory is installed incorrectly
or is bad.
1.
Reseat DIMMs.
2.
Replace DIMMs one at a time to isolate the faulty
module.
Power LED flashes red 5 times,
once every second, followed by a
2-second pause, and the
workstation beeps 5 times.
130
Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
ENWW
Table 5-14 Memory problems (continued)
Problem
Cause
Solution
3.
Replace third-party memory with HP memory.
4.
Replace the system board.
Solving processor problems
Table 5-15 Processor problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
Poor performance is experienced.
Processor is hot.
1.
Be sure the airflow to the workstation is not blocked.
2.
Be sure the fans are connected and working properly
(some fans only operate when needed).
3.
Be sure the CPU heatsink is installed properly.
1.
Verify that the processor is present.
2.
Reseat the processor.
Power LED is red and stays on.
Processor is not seated
properly or not installed.
Solving CD-ROM and DVD problems
Table 5-16 CD-ROM and DVD problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
System will not boot from CD-ROM
or DVD drive.
The CD-ROM or DVD boot is
not enabled through the
Computer Setup utility.
Run the Computer Setup utility and enable booting to
removable media and verify boot order settings.
Non-bootable CD in drive.
Try a bootable CD in the drive.
CD-ROM or DVD devices are not
detected or driver is not loaded.
Movie will not play in the DVD drive.
Cannot eject CD (tray-load unit).
CD-ROM, CD-RW, DVD-ROM, or
DVD-R/RW drive cannot read a
disc or takes too long to start.
ENWW
Drive is not connected properly 1.
or not properly configured.
2.
Reconnect power and data cables to the drive.
Install correct device driver.
Movie might be regionalized
for a different country.
See the documentation that came with the DVD drive.
Decoder software is not
installed.
Install decoder software.
Disc not properly seated in the
drive.
1.
Power off the workstation and insert a thin metal rod
into the emergency eject hole and push firmly.
2.
Slowly pull the tray out from the drive until the tray is
fully extended, and remove the disc.
CD has been inserted upside
down.
Reinsert the CD with the label facing up.
The DVD-ROM drive takes
longer to start because it has to
determine the type of media
played, such as audio or video.
Wait at least 30 seconds to let the DVD-ROM drive
determine the type of media being played. If the disc still
does not start, read the other solutions listed for this topic.
CD or DVD disc is dirty.
Clean CD or DVD with a CD cleaning kit.
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions
131
Table 5-16 CD-ROM and DVD problems (continued)
Problem
Recording audio CDs is difficult or
impossible.
Cause
Solution
Windows does not detect the
CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive.
1.
Use Device Manager to remove or uninstall the
device in question.
2.
Restart the workstation and let Windows detect the
device.
1.
Use a slower recording speed.
2.
Verify that you are using the correct media for the
drive.
3.
Try a different brand of media. Quality varies widely
between manufacturers.
Wrong or poor quality media
type.
Solving Internet access problems
Table 5-17 Internet access problems
132
Problem
Cause
Solution
Unable to connect to the Internet.
Internet Service Provider (ISP)
account is not set up properly.
Verify Internet settings or contact the ISP for assistance.
Modem is not set up properly.
Reconnect the modem. Verify the connections are correct
using the quick setup documentation.
Web browser is not set up
properly.
Verify that the web browser is installed and set up to work
with your ISP.
Cable/ DSL modem is not
plugged in.
Plug in cable/DSL modem. You should see a “power” LED
on the front of the cable/DSL modem.
Cable/DSL service is not
available or has been
interrupted because of bad
weather.
Try connecting to the Internet at a later time or contact your
ISP. (If the cable/DSL service is connected, the “cable” LED
light on the front of the cable/DSL modem will be on.)
The CAT5 10/100/1000 cable
is disconnected.
Connect the CAT5 10/100/1000 cable between the cable
modem and the workstations’s RJ-45 connector. (If the
connection is good, the “PC” LED on the front of the cable/
DSL modem will be on.)
IP address is not configured
properly.
Contact the ISP for the correct IP address.
Cookies are corrupted.
1.
Select Start>Control Panel.
2.
Double-click Internet Options.
3.
On the General tab, click the Delete Cookies button.
Cannot automatically launch
Internet programs.
You must log on to the ISP
before some programs will
start.
Log on to the ISP and launch the desired program.
Internet takes too long to download
websites.
Modem is not set up properly.
1.
Select Start>Control Panel.
2.
Continue with step #2.
3.
Double-click System. Click the Hardware tab.
Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
ENWW
Table 5-17 Internet access problems (continued)
Problem
ENWW
Cause
Solution
4.
In the Device Manager area, click the Device
Manager button.
5.
Double-click Ports (COM & LPT).
6.
Right-click the COM port your modem uses, then
click Properties.
7.
Under Device status, verify that the modem is working
properly.
8.
Under Device usage, verify the modem is enabled.
9.
If there are further problems, click the Troubleshoot
button and follow the on-screen instructions.
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions
133
POST and error messages
POST is a program run at startup that initializes and runs some tests on installed hardware. An audible
and/or visual message occurs if the POST encounters a problem. POST checks the following items to
ensure that the workstation system is functioning properly:
●
Keyboard
●
Memory modules
●
Diskette drives
●
All SATA and SAS mass storage devices
●
Processors
●
Controllers
NOTE If the power-on password is set, a key icon appears on the screen while POST is running.
You must enter the password before continuing.
Table 5-18 POST error messages
Screen message
Probable cause
Recommended action
101—Option ROM Error
System ROM checksum.
Verify the correct ROM:
102—System Board Failure
103—System Board Failure
134
DMA, timers, etc.
DMA, timers, etc.
1.
Flash the ROM if needed.
2.
If an expansion card was recently added, remove
it and see if the problem remains.
3.
Clear CMOS. If the message disappears, there
might be a problem with the expansion card
4.
Replace the system board.
1.
Clear CMOS.
2.
Remove expansion boards.
3.
Replace the system board.
1.
Clear CMOS.
2.
Remove expansion boards.
3.
Replace the system board.
110—Out of Memory for
Option ROMs
Option ROM for a device was unable
to run due to memory constraints.
Run Computer Setup and enable the ACPO/USB
Buffers at Top of Memory under the
Advanced>Power-On option.
150—SafePost Active
A PCI expansion card is not
responding.
1.
Restart the workstation.
2.
Disable SafePost.
3.
If the expansion card does not respond, replace
the card.
Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
ENWW
Table 5-18 POST error messages (continued)
Screen message
Probable cause
Recommended action
162—System Options Not Set
Configuration incorrect. RTC battery
might need to be replaced.
1.
Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
2.
Set the date and time under Control Panel or in
F10 Setup depending on the operating system.
3.
If the problem persists, replace the RTC battery.
Invalid time or date in configuration
memory.
1.
Set the date and time under Control Panel or in
F10 Setup depending on the operating system.
RTC battery might need to be
replaced.
2.
If the problem persists, replace the RTC battery.
1.
Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup) or Windows
utilities.
2.
Be sure memory modules (if any) are installed
properly.
3.
If third-party memory has been added, test using
HP memory only.
4.
Verify proper memory module type.
163—Time and Date Not Set
CMOS jumper might not be properly
installed.
164—Memory Size Error
Memory configuration is incorrect.
183—Invalid Processor
Jumper Setting
System board jumper improperly set.
Reset system board jumpers to match processor and
bus speeds (select models).
201—Memory Error
RAM failure.
1.
Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup) or Windows
utilities.
2.
Be sure that memory and continuity modules are
installed correctly.
3.
Verify proper memory module type.
4.
Remove and replace memory modules one at a
time to isolate faulty module.
5.
Replace the faulty memory modules.
6.
If error persists after replacing memory modules,
replace the system board.
202—Memory Type Mismatch
Memory modules do not match each
other.
207—ECC Corrected Single
Single-bit ECC error.
Bit Errors in Memory Socket(s)
y,y
212—Failed Processor
213—Incompatible memory
Module in memory Socket(s)
X,X, X
ENWW
Processor has failed to initialize.
A memory module in memory socket
identified in the error message is
missing critical SPD information or is
incompatible with the chipset.
Replace memory modules with matched sets.
1.
Verify proper memory module type.
2.
Insert the DIMM in another memory socket.
3.
Replace memory module if problem persists.
1.
Reseat the processor in its socket.
2.
If the processor does not respond, replace it.
1.
Verify proper memory module type.
2.
Insert the DIMM in another memory socket.
3.
Replace memory with a module conforming to the
SPD standard.
POST and error messages
135
Table 5-18 POST error messages (continued)
Screen message
Probable cause
Recommended action
214—DIMM Configuration
Warning
DIMMs not installed correctly (not
paired correctly).
See the illustration on the side access panel for the
correct memory configurations and reseat the DIMMs
accordingly.
215—Memory Mismatch
Warning
There are one or more mismatched
pairs of DIMMs between channel A and
channel B. Some memory has been
disabled. Install matching pairs or
remove the mismatched DIMMs from
channel B.
See the illustration on the side access panel for the
correct memory configurations and reseat the DIMMs
accordingly.
216—Memory Size Exceeds
Maximum Supported
The amount of memory installed
exceeds that supported by the
hardware.
1.
Verify how much memory your system can
support.
2.
Remove the excessive memory.
219—ECC Memory Module
Detected.
ECC modules not supported on this
platform.
Remove the ECC module.
301—Keyboard Error
Keyboard failure.
1.
Reconnect the keyboard with workstation
powered off.
2.
Check the connector for bent or missing pins.
3.
Be sure that none of the keys are pressed.
4.
Replace the keyboard.
1.
Reconnect keyboard with workstation turned off.
2.
Replace the system board.
1.
Reconnect the keyboard with workstation turned
off.
2.
Be sure that none of the keys are pressed.
3.
Replace keyboard.
4.
Replace system board.
303—Keyboard Controller
Error
304—Keyboard or System
Unit Error
136
I/O board keyboard controller.
Keyboard failure.
401—Parallel Port 1 Address
Assignment Conflict
IRQ address conflicts with another
device.
Reset the IRQ.
402—Parallel Port 2 Address
Assignment Conflict
IRQ address conflicts with another
device.
Reset the IRQ.
403—Parallel Port 3 Address
Assignment Conflict
IRQ address conflicts with another
device.
Reset the IRQ.
404—Parallel Port Address
Conflict Detected
Both external and internal ports are
assigned to parallel port X.
1.
Remove any parallel expansion cards.
2.
Clear CMOS.
3.
Reconfigure card resources and run Computer
Setup (F10 Setup).
410—Audio Interrupt Conflict
IRQ address conflicts with another
device.
Reset the IRQ.
411—Network Interface Card
Interrupt Conflict
IRQ address conflicts with another
device.
Reset the IRQ.
Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
ENWW
Table 5-18 POST error messages (continued)
Screen message
Probable cause
Recommended action
501—Display Adapter Failure
Graphics display controller.
1.
Reseat the graphics card (if applicable).
2.
Clear CMOS.
3.
Verify that the monitor is attached and turned on.
510—Splash Screen image
corrupted
Splash Screen image has errors.
Install latest version of ROMPaq to restore image.
511—CPU, CPUA, or CPUB
Fan not detected
Fan is not connected or might have
malfunctioned.
1.
Reseat the fan cable.
2.
Reseat the fan.
3.
Replace the fan.
1.
Reseat the chassis, rear chassis, or front chassis
fan cable.
2.
Reseat the chassis, rear chassis, or front
chassis fan.
3.
Replace the chassis, rear chassis, or front
chassis fan.
1.
Reseat the CPU or chassis fan.
2.
Replace the CPU or chassis fan.
1.
Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
2.
Verify and replace cables.
3.
Clear CMOS.
4.
Replace diskette drive.
5.
Replace the system board.
1.
Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
2.
Disconnect any other diskette controller devices
(tape drives).
3.
Clear CMOS.
512—Chassis, rear chassis, or Fan is not connected, might have
front chassis fan not detected malfunctioned.
514—CPU or Chassis Fan not CPU fan is not connected or might
detected
have malfunctioned.
601—Diskette Controller Error
605—Diskette Drive Type
Error
Mismatch in drive type.
610—External Storage Device External tape drive not connected.
Failure
Reinstall tape drive or press F1 and allow system to
reconfigure without the drive.
611—Primary Diskette Port
Address Assignment Conflict
1.
Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
2.
Remove expansion cards.
3.
Clear CMOS.
Configuration error.
912—Computer Cover Has
Been Removed Since Last
System Start Up
N/A
No action required.
914—Hood Lock Coil is not
Connected
Hood lock mechanism is missing or not
connected.
1.
Reconnect or replace hood locking mechanism.
2.
Reseat or replace hood locking mechanism cable.
916—Power Button Not
Connected
ENWW
Diskette controller circuitry or diskette
drive circuitry incorrect.
The power button is not connected.
Connect power button.
POST and error messages
137
Table 5-18 POST error messages (continued)
Screen message
Probable cause
Recommended action
917—Front Audio Not
Connected
The front audio cable is not connected.
Connect front audio cable.
918—Front USB Not
Connected
Front USB is not connected.
Connect front USB cable.
919—MultiBay Riser Not
Connected
MultiBay riser is not connected.
Connect MultiBay riser.
920—Fan Command 2 Pin
Connector from Power Supply
Not Connected
The 2-pin fan connector from the
power supply is not connected.
Connect 2-pin fan connector.
940—Extended ROM
signature not found
The signature at the start of the ROM Run ROMPaq again.
flash is missing. Your firmware (BIOS)
is incomplete.
960—CPU Overtemp
occurred
The ambient temperature could
exceed operating limits
(maximum=95˚F), or there are
obstructions to airflow, including dust
build up.
1151—Serial Port 1 Address
Conflict Detected
1152—Serial Port 2 Address
Conflict Detected
1155—Serial Port Address
Conflict Detected
138
Both external and internal serial ports
are assigned to COM1.
Both external and internal serial ports
are assigned to COM2.
Both external and internal serial ports
are assigned to same IRQ.
1.
Be sure you are not operating the system in an
environment that exceeds 95˚F.
2.
Disconnect power and open the access panel.
3.
Verify that cables are not blocking CPU heatsink
fans or front fan, if installed.
4.
Verify that there is not excessive dust on major
components.
5.
If airflow is acceptable and there is not excessive
dust, the thermal sensing circuitry has failed on the
processors or on the system board. You must
replace the processors and/or the system board.
1.
Remove any Comm port expansion cards.
2.
Clear CMOS.
3.
Reconfigure card resources and run Computer
Setup (F10 Setup).
4.
Run Computer Setup or Windows utilities.
1.
Remove any Comm port expansion cards.
2.
Clear CMOS.
3.
Reconfigure card resources and run Computer
Setup (F10 Setup).
4.
Run Computer Setup or Windows utilities.
1.
Remove any Comm port expansion cards.
2.
Clear CMOS.
3.
Reconfigure card resources and run Computer
Setup (F10 Setup).
4.
Run Computer Setup or Windows utilities.
1201—System Audio Address
Conflict Detected
Device IRQ address conflicts with
another device.
Reset the IRQ.
1202—MIDI Port Address
Conflict Detected
Device IRQ address conflicts with
another device.
Reset the IRQ.
Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
ENWW
Table 5-18 POST error messages (continued)
Screen message
Probable cause
Recommended action
1203—Game Port Address
Conflict Detected
Device IRQ address conflicts with
another device.
Reset the IRQ
1720 SMART Hard Drive
Detect Imminent Failure
Hard drive is about to fail. (Some hard
drives have a firmware patch that will
fix an erroneous error message.)
1.
Determine if hard drive is giving correct error
message.
2.
Run the Drive Protection System test if applicable.
3.
Apply firmware patch if applicable
(see http://www.hp.com/support).
4.
Back up contents and replace hard drive.
1.
Be sure that any jumpers are set correctly, and
that power and drive cables are connected, both
to the drive and the system board.
2.
Verify that the cables are the correct cables for
your computer model. If this message persists,
you might need service for your workstation.
1.
Be sure that any jumpers are set correctly and that
power and drive cables are connected, both to the
drive and the system board.
2.
Verify that the cables are the correct cables for
your computer model. If this message persists,
you may need service for your workstation.
1.
Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
2.
Clear CMOS.
3.
Verify cable seating/jumper settings.
4.
Run hard drive diagnostics.
5.
Disconnect additional drives.
6.
Run the Drive Protection System test if available.
7.
Replace the hard drive.
8.
Replace the system board.
1780—Disk 0 Failure
1781—Disk 1 Failure
1782—Disk Controller Failure
The drive is not installed correctly or
has failed.
Hard drive circuitry error.
1785—Multibay incorrectly
installed
No other IDE device may be attached
to the same IDE controller.
Attach the MultiBay as device 0 on the secondary IDE
controller.
1790—Disk 0 Error
The drive is not installed correctly or
has failed.
1.
Be sure that any jumpers are set correctly and that
power and drive cables are connected, both to the
drive and the system board.
2.
Verify that the cables are the correct cables for
your computer model. If this message persists,
you may need service for your workstation.
1.
Be sure that any jumpers are set correctly and that
power and drive cables are connected, both to the
drive and the system board.
2.
Verify that the cables are the correct cables for
your computer model. If this message persists,
you may need service for your workstation
1791—Disk 1 Error
ENWW
The drive is not installed correctly or
has failed.
The drive is not installed correctly or
has failed.
POST and error messages
139
Table 5-18 POST error messages (continued)
Screen message
Probable cause
Recommended action
1792—Secondary Disk
Controller Failure
Hard drive circuitry error.
1.
Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
2.
Clear CMOS.
3.
Verify cable seating/jumper settings.
4.
Run hard drive diagnostics.
5.
Disconnect additional drives.
6.
Run the Drive Protection System test if available.
7.
Replace the hard drive.
1.
Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
2.
Clear CMOS.
3.
Verify cable seating/jumper settings.
4.
Run hard drive diagnostics.
5.
Disconnect additional drives.
6.
Run the Drive Protection System test if available.
7.
Replace the hard drive.
1793—Secondary Controller
or Disk Failure
Hard drive circuitry error.
1794—Inaccessible devices
attached to primary IDE
controller
Devices attached to the primary IDE
controller are inaccessible while the
SATA controller is set to “Replace
Primary IDE Controller” in Setup.
1.
Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
2.
Select Storage > Storage Options and set SATA
controller to Add as Separate Controller.
1800—Temperature Alert
Internal temperature exceeds
specification.
1.
Verify that workstation air vents are not blocked
and cooling fan is running.
2.
Verify processor speed selection.
3.
Replace the processor.
4.
Replace the system board.
1801—Microcode Patch Error
Processor not supported by ROM
BIOS.
Upgrade BIOS to proper version.
1802—Processor Not
Supported
The system board does not support the
processor.
Replace the processor with a compatible one.
1803-BIOS Update Needed for This BIOS revision does not support
Processor
the installed processor.
140
Install the latest BIOS downloaded from
http://www.hp.com.
1998—Master Boot Record
has been lost
The previously saved copy of the MBR Run Computer Setup and save the MBR of the current
has been corrupted.
bootable disk.
1998—Master Boot Record
has been changed
The current MBR does not match the
previously saved copy of the MBR.
Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
Use extreme caution. The MBR might have been
updated due to normal disk maintenance activities (disk
manager, fdisk, or format). Replacing the previously
saved MBR in such situations can cause data loss. If
certain that the MBR change is unintentional and
undesired (for example, due to a virus), run Computer
Setup and restore the previously saved MBR copy.
Otherwise, run Computer Setup and either disable
MBR security or save the MBR of the current bootable
disk.
ENWW
Table 5-18 POST error messages (continued)
Screen message
Probable cause
Recommended action
Invalid Electronic Serial
Number
Electronic serial number has become
corrupted.
Run Computer Setup. If Setup already has data in the
field or will not allow the serial number to be entered,
download from http://www.hp.com and run the utility
SP5572.EXE (SNZERO.EXE).
Run Computer Setup and try to enter serial number
under Security, System ID, and save the changes.
ENWW
ECC Multiple Bit Error
Detected in Memory Module
Chipset has detected more than one
bad bit in a 64-bit quadword of the
memory array.
Replace the memory module.
Parity Check 2
Parity RAM failure.
Run Computer Setup and Diagnostic utilities.
POST and error messages
141
142
Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
ENWW
A
ENWW
Appendix A — SAS devices
143
Supported SAS RAID configurations
NOTE This section does not apply to configuring RAID in the Linux environment. For RAID in
the Linux environment, configure SW RAID configurations as provided by Red Hat Enterprise
Linux.
Before setting up a RAID, the HP xw6400 Workstation requires:
●
Up to 3 internal or external SAS hard disk drives
●
Internal-to-external cable for external connections
●
SAS to SATA data and power converter
●
LSI MyStorage Utility for Windows
The following RAID configurations are supported on the HP xw6400 Workstation:
●
●
●
144
RAID 0 – Striped disk array
●
Two drives minimum
●
Improved I/O performance
●
No fault tolerance
RAID 1 — Mirrored disk array
●
Two drive minimum
●
100% redundancy
●
Can recover from single drive failure
●
Improved read performance
RAID 1E
●
Three drives minimum
●
Can be an odd number of drives
●
Can always recover from a single drive failure and, in some cases, can recover from two drive
failures
Appendix A Appendix A — SAS devices
ENWW
SAS RAID 0 configuration
Follow the steps below to configure an Integrated Striped (IS) volume with the BIOS-based configuration
utility. The configuration procedure assumes that the system already has the required disk and disk
controllers.
ENWW
1.
On the Main menu screen of the BIOS-based configuration utility, use the arrow keys to select an
adapter.
2.
Press Enter to go to the Adapter Properties screen.
3.
On the Adapter Properties screen, use the arrow keys to select RAID Properties.
4.
Press Enter to go to the RAID Properties screen.
5.
In the RAID Properties screen, use the arrow keys to select the first disk for the IS volume. Then
use the arrow keys to move to the Array Disk column for this disk, and press the SPACE, +, or key to select Yes as the value for this column. If partitions are defined on the selected disk, a
message appears warning you that data on the disk will be lost when the striped volume is created.
Press the M key to migrate, or the D key to delete the data on the drive.
6.
Repeat the previous step to select up to three more disks for the striped volume.
7.
Press the C key to create the array once all drives have been chosen, then press Esc and
select Save.
SAS RAID 0 configuration
145
SAS RAID 1 configuration
Follow the steps below to configure an Integrated Mirroring (IM) volume with the BIOS-based
configuration utility. The configuration procedure assumes that the system already has the required disk
and disk controllers.
1.
On the Main menu screen of the BIOS-based configuration utility, use the arrow keys to select an
adapter.
2.
Press Enter to go to the Adapter Properties screen.
3.
On the Adapter Properties screen use the arrow keys to select RAID Properties.
4.
Press Enter to go to the RAID Properties screen. .
5.
Chose one of the following options:
To configure a two-disk mirrored volume with an optional hot spare disk:
●
In the RAID Properties screen, use the arrow keys to select the primary disk for the IM volume
(the disk with the data you want to mirror.)
●
Use the arrow keys to move to the Array Disk column for this disk and use the SPACE key to
select Yes as the value. If partitions are defined on the selected disk, a message appears
warning you that data on the disk will be lost when the striped volume is created. Press the
M key to migrate, or the D key to delete the data on the drive.
●
When the Keep Data/Erase Disk message appears, press F3 to keep the data currently on
this disk. The value in the Array Disk column changes to Primary.
●
Use the arrow keys to select the secondary (mirrored) disk for the IM volume. Select Yes as
the value for the Array Disk column.
If partitions are defined on this disk, a message warns you that data on the disk will be lost
when the mirrored volume is created. Press Delete to confirm erasing data from the disk, or
press any other key to deselect the disk. Continue with Step 6.
To configure a mirrored volume with three to six disks, or three to five disks with an optional hot
spare disk:
●
In the RAID Properties screen, use the arrow keys to select the first disk for the IM volume.
●
Use the arrow keys to move to the Array Disk column for this disk, and use the + and - keys
to select Yes as the value.
●
When the Keep Data/Erase Disk message appears, press Delete to erase the disk.
●
Use the arrow keys to select the next disk for the IM volume. Select Yes as the value for the
Array Disk column.
If partitions are defined on this disk, a message warns you that data on the disk will be lost
when the mirrored volume is created. Press Delete to confirm erasing data from the disk, or
press any other key to deselect the disk.
●
146
Repeat the previous steps to select up to four more disks for the IM volume. If you want to
configure a hot spare disk for the volume, you can only select up to three more disks.
Appendix A Appendix A — SAS devices
ENWW
6.
(Optional) Use the arrow keys to select a hot spare disk for the IM volume. Select Yes as the value
for the Hot Spare column.
7.
When you have selected all disks for the IM volume, press Esc and select Save changes, then
exit this menu. If you do not want to create the IM volume, select Discard changes, then exit
this menu.
The IM volume exists as soon as you save the changes. The RAID Properties screen now displays
the IM volume properties and status.
ENWW
SAS RAID 1 configuration
147
SAS RAID 1E configuration
Follow the steps below to configure an Integrated Mirroring Extended (IME) volume with the BIOS-based
configuration utility. The configuration procedure assumes that the system already has the required disk
and disk controllers.
1.
On the Main menu screen of the BIOS-based configuration utility, use the arrow keys to select an
adapter.
2.
Press Enter to go to the Adapter Properties screen.
3.
On the Adapter Properties screen use the arrow keys to select RAID Properties on the screen.
4.
Press Enter to go to the RAID Properties screen. Continue with Step 5 to configure a two-disk
mirrored volume. Go to Step 6 to configure a mirrored volume with three to six disks.
5.
Choose one of the following options:
To configure a two-disk mirrored volume with an optional hot spare disk:
●
In the RAID Properties screen, use the arrow keys to select the primary disk for the IME volume
(the disk with the data you want to mirror.)
●
Use the arrow keys to move to the Array Disk column for this disk and use the SPACE, +,
or - key to select Yes as the value. If partitions are defined on the selected disk, a message
appears warning you that data on the disk will be lost when the striped volume is created.
Press the M key to migrate, or the D key to delete the data on the drive.
●
When the Keep Data/Erase Disk message appears, press F3 to keep the data that is currently
on this disk. The value in the Array Disk column changes to Primary.
●
Use the arrow keys to select the secondary (mirrored) disk for the IME volume. Select Yes as
the value for the Array Disk column.
If partitions are defined on this disk, a message warns you that data on the disk will be lost
when the mirrored volume is created. Press Delete to confirm erasing data from the disk, or
press any other key to deselect the disk. Continue with Step 6.
To configure a mirrored volume with three to six disks, or three to five disks with an optional hot
spare disk:
●
In the RAID Properties screen, use the arrow keys to select the first disk for the IME volume.
●
Use the arrow keys to move to the Array Disk column for this disk, and use the + and - keys
to select Yes as the value.
●
When the Keep Data/Erase Disk message appears, press Delete to erase the disk.
●
Use the arrow keys to select the next disk for the IME volume. Select Yes as the value for the
Array Disk column.
If partitions are defined on this disk, a message warns you that data on the disk will be lost
when the mirrored volume is created. Press Delete to confirm erasing data from the disk, or
press any other key to deselect the disk.
●
148
Repeat the previous steps to select up to four more disks for the IME volume. If you want to
configure a hot spare disk for the volume, you can only select up to three more disks.
Appendix A Appendix A — SAS devices
ENWW
6.
(Optional) Use the arrow keys to select a hot spare disk for the IME volume. Select Yes as the
value for the Hot Spare column.
7.
When you have selected all disks for the IME volume, press Esc and select Save changes, then
exit this menu. If you do not want to create the IME volume, select Discard changes, then exit
this menu.
The IME volume exists as soon as you save the changes. The RAID Properties screen now displays
the IME volume properties and status.
ENWW
SAS RAID 1E configuration
149
150
Appendix A Appendix A — SAS devices
ENWW
B
Appendix B — SATA devices
This appendix describes how to use the Intel Matrix Storage Manager option ROM Configuration Utility
to set up and manage SATA RAID volumes.
NOTE If only a single HDD is attached, the Intel Matrix Storage Manager option ROM will not
execute. All associated messages will not be displayed.
The Intel Serial ATA AHCI BIOS always executes when RAID/AHCI is selected for the SATA
emulation mode. This BIOS is only used to support serial attached optical drives. When an HDD
is attached, the AHCI BIOS properly identifies the HDD that is connected to the appropriate SATA
port and displays Device not supported in this configuration. This message is expected and
does not indicate a problem.
ENWW
151
Attaching SATA HDDs
Attach the required number of SATA HDDs for the desired RAID level.
152
●
RAID 0: Two to three HDDs
●
RAID 1: Two HDDs
●
RAID 5: Three HDDs
Appendix B Appendix B — SATA devices
ENWW
Configuring system BIOS
Configure the system BIOS to enable embedded SATA RAID functionality.
1.
Press F10 to enter the system BIOS setup.
2.
Use the arrow keys to highlight the desired language, then press Enter.
3.
Use the arrows on your keyboard to highlight Storage>Storage Options, then press Enter.
4.
Use the up or down arrow key to highlight SATA Emulation.
5.
Use the left or right arrow key to select RAID/AHCI.
6.
Press F10 to accept the new setting.
7.
Use the arrows on your keyboard to highlight Advanced > Power-On Options, then press
Enter.
8.
Use the up or down arrow key to highlight POST Messages.
9.
Use the left or right arrow key to select Enable.
10. Press F10 to accept the new setting.
11. Use the arrow keys to highlight Advanced>Device Options, and press Enter.
12. Use the up or down arrow key to highlight SATA RAID Option ROM Download, and press
Enter.
13. Use the left or right arrow key to select Enable.
14. Press F10 to accept the new setting.
15. Use the arrows on your keyboard to highlight File>Save Changes and Exit, and press Enter.
16. Press F10 when prompted.
ENWW
Configuring system BIOS
153
Creating RAID volumes
Use the Intel Matrix Storage Manager option ROM Configuration Utility to create RAID volumes.
1.
Press Ctrl+I when prompted to enter the Intel Matrix Storage Manager option ROM Configuration
Utility.
2.
If required, see Deleting RAID volumes on page 155 to make enough physical drives available to
create the desired RAID volume.
3.
Use the up or down arrow key to highlight 1. Create RAID Volume, and press Enter.
4.
Type the desired RAID volume name in the “Name:” field, and press Tab.
5.
Use the up or down arrow key to select the desired RAID level in the RAID Level: field, then
press Tab.
6.
Press Enter to display the Select Disks dialog.
7.
Use the up and down arrow keys and Space to mark individual physical disks as members of the
volume.
8.
Press Enter to exit the Select Disks dialog and return to the Create Volume Menu dialog.
9.
If appropriate, use the up or down arrow key to select the Strip Size in the Strip Size: field, and
press Tab.
10. Type the desired volume size in the Capacity: field, and press Tab.
11. Press Enter to initiate volume creation.
12. When prompted, press Y to acknowledge the warning message and create the volume.
13. Return to step 3 to create additional RAID volumes, or use ↑ or ↓ to highlight 4. Exit, and press
Enter.
14. Press Y when prompted to confirm the exit.
154
Appendix B Appendix B — SATA devices
ENWW
Deleting RAID volumes
Use the Intel Matrix Storage Manager option ROM Configuration Utility to delete RAID volumes.
ENWW
1.
Use the up or down arrow key to highlight 2. Delete RAID Volume, and press Enter.
2.
Use the up or down arrow key to highlight the RAID volume to be deleted, and press Del.
3.
When prompted, press Y to confirm the deletion of the selected RAID volume.
4.
Choose one of the following steps:
●
Return to step 1 to delete additional RAID volumes.
●
See Creating RAID volumes on page 154 to create RAID volumes.
●
Use the up or down arrow key to highlight 4. Exit, and press Enter.
●
Use the up or down arrow key to highlight 3. Reset Disks to Non-RAID, and press Enter.
5.
Use the up and down arrow keys and Space to mark individual physical disks to be reset.
6.
Press Enter to complete the selection.
7.
When prompted, press Y to confirm the reset action.
8.
Choose one of the following steps:
●
Return to step 1. to delete additional RAID volumes.
●
See Creating RAID volumes on page 154 to create RAID volumes.
●
Use the up or down arrow key to highlight 4. Exit, and press Enter.
Deleting RAID volumes
155
156
Appendix B Appendix B — SATA devices
ENWW
C
ENWW
Appendix C — Connector pins
157
Connector pin descriptions
Keyboard connector
Mouse connector
Ethernet connector
Pin
Signal
1
Data
2
Unused
3
Ground
4
+5 VDC
5
Clock
6
Unused
Pin
Signal
1
Data
2
Unused
3
Ground
4
+5 VDC
5
Clock
6
Unused
Pin
Signal
1
(+) Transmit Data
2
(-) Transmit Data
3
(+) Receive Data
4
Unused
5
Unused
6
(-) Receive Data
7
Unused
8
Unused
158
Appendix C Appendix C — Connector pins
ENWW
Parallel connector
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Signal
1
Strobe
7
Data Bit 5
13
Select Auto
2
Data Bit 0
8
Data Bit 6
14
Linefeed
3
Data Bit 1
9
Data Bit 7
15
Error
4
Data Bit 2
10
Acknowledge
16
Initialize Printer Select
5
Data Bit 3
11
Busy
17
IN Signal
6
Data Bit 4
12
Paper End
18-25
Ground
Serial connector
Pin
IEEE 1394 connector
Signal
1
Carrier Detect
2
Receive Data
3
Transmit Data
4
Data terminal ready
5
Signal ground
6
Data set ready
7
Request to Send
8
Clear to Send
9
Ring Indicator
USB connector
ENWW
Pin
Pin
Signal
1
+5 VDC
2
- Data
3
+ Data
4
Ground
Pin
Signal
Connector pin descriptions
159
Microphone connector (1/8 inch)
Headphone connector (1/8 inch)
Line-in audio connector (1/8 inch)
Line-out audio connector (1/8 inch)
160
Appendix C Appendix C — Connector pins
1
power
2
gnd
3
tpb-
4
tpb+
5
tpa-
6
tpa+
Pin
Signal
1 (Tip)
Audio
2 (Ring)
Power
3 (Shield)
Ground
Pin
Signal
1 (Tip)
Audio_Left
2 (Ring)
Audio_Right
3 (Shield)
Ground
Pin
Signal
1 (Tip)
Audio_In_Left
2 (Ring)
Audio_In_Right
3 (Shield)
Ground
Pin
Signal
1 (Tip)
Audio_Out_Left
2 (Ring)
Audio_Out_Right
3 (Shield)
Ground
ENWW
SATA connector
Pin
Signal
Pin
Data Cable
Signal
Pin
Power Cable
Signal
Power Cable
S1
Ground
P1
3.3-V power
P8
5-V power
S2*
A+
P2
3.3-V power
P9
5-V power
S3*
A-
P3
3.3-V power
P10
Ground
S4
Ground
P4
Ground
P11
Reserved
S5**
B-
P5
Ground
P12
Ground
S6**
B+
P6
Ground
P13
12-V power
S7
Ground
P-7
5-V power
P14
12-V power
P15
12-V power
* S2 and S3 differential signal pair
**S5 and S6 differential signal pair
SAS connector
Segment
Primary signal segment
Pin
Backplane receptacle
S1
SIGNAL GROUND
S2
TP+
RP+
S3
TP-
RP-
S4
SIGNAL GROUND
S5
RP-
TP-
S6
RP+
TP+
S7
ENWW
Plug and cable
receptacles
SIGNAL GROUND
Connector pin descriptions
161
SAS connector
Segment
Secondary signal segment
Pin
Backplane receptacle
S8
SIGNAL GROUND
S9
TS+
RS+
S10
TS-
RS-
S11
Power segment
162
Plug and cable
receptacles
SIGNAL GROUND
S12
RS-
TS-
S13
RS+
TS+
S14
SIGNAL GROUND
P1
V33c
P2
V33c
P3
V33c precharge c
P4
GROUND
P5
GROUND
P6
GROUND
P7
V5c precharge c
P8
V5 c
P9
V5 c
P10
GROUND
P11
READY LED d
P12
GROUND
P13
V12 precharge c
P14
V12c
P15
V12c
Appendix C Appendix C — Connector pins
ENWW
VGA connector
Pin
Signal
Pin
123
Red Analog Green
Analog Blue
Analog
678
45
Monitor ID Ground
9 10
Signal
Pin
Signal
Ground
Ground
Ground
11 12
13
Monitor ID DDC Serial
Data Horizontal Sync
+5V DC
Ground
14 15
Vertical Sync DDC
Serial Clock
DVI connector
Pin
ENWW
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
T.M.D.S DATA 2-
16
HOT PLUG DETECT
2
T.M.D.S DATA 2+
17
T.M.D.S DATA 0-
3
T.M.D.S DATA 2/4 SHIELD
18
T.M.D.S DATA 0+
4
T.M.D.S DATA 4-
19
T.M.D.S DATA 0/5 SHIELD
5
T.M.D.S DATA 4+ 2
0
T.M.D.S DATA 5-
6
DDC CLOCK
21
T.M.D.S DATA 5+
7
DDC DATA
22
T.M.D.S CLOCK SHIELD
8
ANALOG VERT. SYNC
23
T.M.D.S CLOCK+
9
T.M.D.S DATA 1-
24
T.M.D.S CLOCK-
10
T.M.D.S DATA 1+
11
T.M.D.S DATA 1/3 SHIELD
C1
ANALOG RED
12
T.M.D.S DATA 3-
C2
ANALOG GREEN
13
T.M.D.S DATA 3+
C3
ANALOG BLUE
14
+5V POWER
C4
ANALOG HORZ SYNC
15
GND
C5
ANALOG GROUND
Connector pin descriptions
163
ATA/ATAPI (IDE) standard drive cable connector
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
123
45
Reset Ground
DD7 DD8 DD6
15 16
17 18
19
DD1 DD14 DD0
DD15 Ground
29 30
31 32
33
DMAK Ground INTRQ
IOCS16 DA1
678
9 10
DD9 DD5 DD10
DD4 DD11
20 21
22 23
24
(Key) DMARQ
Ground DIOW
Ground
34 35
36 37
38
PDIAG (cable detect) DA0
DA2 CS1FX CS3FX
11 12
13 14
DD3 DD12 DD2
DD13
25 26
27 28
DIOR Ground
IORDY CSEL
39 40
DASP Ground
24-Pin Main power connector P1
13
24
1
12
1
+3.3 V
8
POK
14
-12 VL
21
+5 V GND
2
+3.3 V
9
+5 Vaux
15
GND
22
+5 V and
3
GND
10
+12 V-B
16
PS_O
N_l
4
+5 V
11
+12 V-A
17
GND
23
+5 V
5
GND
12
+3.3 V
18
GND
24
GND
6
+5 V
13
+3.3 V
19
GND
7
GND
+3.3V-Rsense
20
GND
+5 V-Rsense
CAUTION Be sure you can differentiate between which power cable connects to the PCI
Express x16 graphics card and which power cable connects to the system board. These two
cables have different pin counts and different colors. The PCI Express power cable has a 6-pin
black connector, and the system board power cable has an 8-pin white connector. When power
is present, you must never connect the PCI Express power cable to the system board. If you do
so, the system board may be damaged and your warranty voided.
164
Appendix C Appendix C — Connector pins
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6-Pin power (auxiliary system board) connector P8
4
1
6
3
8-Pin power (for CPUs and memory) P3
5
1
8
4
Pin
Color
Signal
1
BLK w/ORG
+3.3V
2
BLK w/ORG
+3.3V
3
YEL
+12V-A
4
BLK
GND
5
BLK
GND
6
YEL
-12V
Pin
Color
Signal
1
BLK
GND
2
BLK
GND
3
BLK
GND
4
BLK
GND
5
WHT
+12VCPU0
WHT
+12VCPU0 RSENSE
6
WHT
+12VCPU0
7
WHT
with
stripe
+12VCPU1
8
WHT
with
stripe
+12VCPU1
CAUTION Be sure you can differentiate between which power cable connects to the PCI
Express x16 graphics card and which power cable connects to the system board. These two
cables have different pin counts and different colors. The PCI Express power cable has a 6-pin
black connector, and the system board power cable has an 8-pin white connector. When power
is present, you must never connect the PCI Express power cable to the system board. If you do
so, the system board may be damaged and your warranty voided. To see a picture of the PCI
Express cable and where it must be connected, see the section “PCI or PCI Express Installation.”
NOTE The 6-pin power (auxiliary PCI Express) is only required with high-powered graphics
cards.
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Connector pin descriptions
165
6-Pin power (auxiliary PCI Express)
4
1
166
6
3
Appendix C Appendix C — Connector pins
Pin
Color
Signal
1
YEL
+12V-C
2
YEL
+12V-C
3
YEL
+12V-C
4
BLK
GND
5
BLK
GND
6
BLK
GND
ENWW
D
Appendix D — System board
designators
This appendix lists the system board designators for this system.
Designator
Silkscreen
Component
MH02-03, MH06-09, MH14-15
N/A
Mounting holes
E14
BBLK_WP
Boot block header/jumper
E49
PSWD
Clear password header/jumper
J20
SLOT 5 PCI
PCI slot
J21
SLOT 6 PCI
PCI slot
J22
N/A
PCI slot
J33
SLOT 4
PCI Express slot
J31
SLOT4 PCIe x1
PCI Express slot
J32
SLOT3 PCIe x16 (4)
PCI Express slot
J41
SLOT1 PCIe x16
PCI Express slot
P60-63, P66-67
SATA0, SATA1, SATA2
SATA Connectors
J50, P53
PAR/SER
Parallel port and serial port stack connector
J68
KBD MS PS2
Stacked keyboard/mouse connector
J9
RJ45/USB
Stacked RJ 45/dual USB
J10
USB
Triple stacked USB
J83
AUD
Triple stacked audio jack
SW50
CMOS
Clear CMOS switch/push button
P1
PWR
Power supply connector (24-pin)
P3
PWRCPU
Processor and memory 12V header
P10
FDD
Diskette driver connector
P11
AUX
Auxiliary audio connector
P20
PRIMARY IDE
Primary IDE connector
P23
FRNT AUD
Front panel audio header
P24
FRNT USB
Front panel USB header
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167
Designator
Silkscreen
Component
P25
INT USB
Internal USB header
P29
HDD LED
HDD LED connector
P5
CONTROL PANEL
Main power/HDD LED/internal speaker
connector
P70
CPUFAN1
Primary CPU fan header
P71
CPU2FAN
Secondary CPU fan header
P8
MEM FAN
Memory fan header
P130
CHASSIS FAN
Chassis fan header
P9
N/A
PCI fan header
P93
N/A
Front chassis fan header
XBT2
BAT
Battery retainer
XMM1
DIMM1
Memory slot
XMM2
DIMM3
Memory slot
XMM3
DIMM2
Memory slot
XMM4
DIMM4
Memory slot
U1
XU1
Primary processor socket
U2
XU2
Secondary processor socket
N/A
ROM
ROM socket
E15
RECOVER
Crisis recovery header/jumper
168
Appendix D Appendix D — System board designators
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E
ENWW
Appendix E — Routine care
169
General cleaning safety precautions
170
●
Never use solvents or flammable solutions to clean the workstation.
●
Never immerse any component in water or cleaning solutions; apply any liquids to a clean cloth
and then use the cloth on the component.
●
Always unplug the workstation before cleaning the keyboard, mouse, or air vents.
●
Always disconnect the keyboard before cleaning it.
●
Wear safety glasses equipped with side shields when cleaning the keyboard.
Appendix E Appendix E — Routine care
ENWW
Maximizing the airflow
ENWW
●
Keep your workstation in an area where the airflow is not obstructed.
●
Keep the unit off of surfaces where dust can gather.
●
Keep the front of the unit clear of any obstruction.
●
Remove any dust on the front panel (vent area) and the rear fans with a small vacuum, compressed
air, or dust rag.
●
Keep the back of the unit at least 0.15 m (6 in.) away from a wall or other obstruction.
Maximizing the airflow
171
Cleaning the workstation case
172
●
Follow the safety precautions presented in before cleaning the workstation.
●
To remove light stains or dirt, use plain water with a clean, lint-free cloth or swab.
●
For stronger stains, use a mild dish-washing liquid diluted with water. Rinse well by wiping it with
a cloth or swab dampened with clear water.
●
For stubborn stains, use isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol. No rinsing is needed because the alcohol will
evaporate quickly and not leave a residue.
●
After cleaning, always wipe the unit with a clean, lint-free cloth.
●
Occasionally clean the air vents on the workstation. Lint and other foreign matter can block the
vents and limit the airflow.
Appendix E Appendix E — Routine care
ENWW
Cleaning the keyboard
CAUTION Use safety glasses equipped with side shields before attempting to clean debris from
under the keys.
●
Follow the safety precautions presented in Service considerations on page 54 before cleaning the
keyboard.
●
Visible debris underneath or between the keys can be removed by vacuuming or shaking.
●
Canned, pressurized air can be used to clean debris from under the keys. Use caution because
too much air pressure can dislodge lubricants applied under the wide keys.
●
If you remove a key, use a specially designed key puller to prevent damage to the keys. This tool
is available through many electronic supply outlets.
CAUTION Never remove a wide leveled key (like the space bar) from the keyboard. If
these keys are improperly removed or installed, the keyboard might not function properly.
ENWW
●
Clean under a key with a swab moistened with isopropyl alcohol and squeezed out. Be careful not
to wipe away lubricants necessary for proper key functions. Allow the parts to air dry before
reassembly.
●
Use tweezers to remove any fibers or dirt in confined areas.
Cleaning the keyboard
173
Cleaning the monitor
●
Follow the safety precautions presented in Service considerations on page 54 before cleaning the
keyboard.
●
To clean the monitor, wipe the monitor screen with a towelette designed for cleaning monitors or
a clean cloth moistened with water.
CAUTION Do not use sprays or aerosols directly on the screen—the liquid might seep into
the housing and damage a component.
Never use solvents or flammable liquids on the monitor because display or housing damage
may result.
174
Appendix E Appendix E — Routine care
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Cleaning the mouse
ENWW
1.
Follow the safety precautions presented in Service considerations on page 54 before cleaning the
mouse.
2.
Remove the mouse ball from the housing by removing the retaining plate.
3.
Clean the mouse ball.
4.
Pull out any debris from the ball socket, and wipe the ball with a clean, dry cloth.
5.
Reassemble the mouse.
Cleaning the mouse
175
176
Appendix E Appendix E — Routine care
ENWW
F
Appendix F — Additional password
security and resetting CMOS
This workstation supports the following security password features, which can be established through
the Computer Setup Utilities menu:
●
Setup password
●
Power-on password
When you establish a setup password, only the power-on password is required to access Computer
Setup and any other information on the workstation. When you establish both passwords, only the setup
password will give you access to Computer Setup.
When both passwords are set, the setup password can also be used in place of the power-on password
as an override to log in to the workstation, which is a useful feature for a network administrator.
If you forget the password for the computer, two methods are available for clearing that password so
you can gain access to the information on the workstation:
●
Reset the password jumper
●
Use the Clear CMOS button
CAUTION Pushing the CMOS button resets CMOS values to factory defaults and erases any
customized information, including passwords, asset numbers, and special settings. It is important
to back up the workstation CMOS settings before resetting them in case they are needed later.
To back up the CMOS settings, use Computer Setup and run the Save to Diskette option from
the File menu.
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177
Resetting the password jumper
To disable the power-on or setup password features and clear the power-on and setup passwords:
1.
Shut down the operating system, and power off the workstation and any external devices.
Disconnect the power cord of the workstation and any external devices from the power outlets.
2.
Disconnect the keyboard, monitor, and any other external devices that are connected to the
workstation.
WARNING! To reduce the risk of personal injury from electrical shock and hot surfaces,
be sure to disconnect the power cord from the wall outlet and allow the internal system
components to cool before touching.
CAUTION When the workstation is plugged in, the power supply always has voltage
applied to the system board even when the unit is turned off. Failure to disconnect the power
cord can result in damage to the system.
CAUTION Static electricity can damage the electronic components of the workstation or
optional equipment. Before beginning these procedures, be sure that you are discharged of
static electricity by briefly touching a grounded metal object.
3.
Remove the access panel.
4.
Locate the password header and jumper. The password header is E49.
NOTE The password jumper is green so that it can be easily identified. For assistance
locating the password jumper and other system board components, see System board
components on page 61 “System Board Components.”
178
5.
Remove the jumper from either pin 1 or 2. Place the jumper on pins 1 and 2 (connecting both pins
together).
6.
Replace the access panel.
7.
Reconnect the external equipment.
8.
Plug in and power on the workstation. Allow the operating system to start. This process clears the
current passwords and disables the password features.
9.
To establish new passwords, repeat steps 1 through 4, replace the password jumper on either pin
1 or pin 2 (but not both), and repeat steps 6 through 8. Establish the new passwords in Computer
Setup.
Appendix F Appendix F — Additional password security and resetting CMOS
ENWW
Clearing and Resetting the CMOS
The CMOS of the workstation stores password information and information about the workstation
configuration. This section describes the steps to successfully clear and reset the CMOS.
Using the CMOS Button
1.
Shut down the operating system, and power off the workstation and any external devices.
Disconnect the workstation power cord and any external devices from the power outlets.
2.
Disconnect the keyboard, monitor, and any other external devices that are connected to the
workstation.
WARNING! To reduce the risk of personal injury from electrical shock and hot surfaces,
be sure to disconnect the power cord from the wall outlet and allow the internal system
components to cool before touching.
CAUTION When the workstation is plugged in, the power supply always has voltage
applied to the system board even when the unit is powered off. Failure to disconnect the
power cord can result in damage to the system
CAUTION Static electricity can damage the electronic components of the workstation or
optional equipment. Before beginning these procedures, be sure that you are discharged of
static electricity by briefly touching a grounded metal object.
3.
Remove the access panel.
CAUTION Pushing the CMOS button resets CMOS values to factory defaults and erases
any customized information, including passwords, asset numbers, and special settings. It
is important to back up the workstation CMOS settings before resetting them in case they
are needed later. To back up the CMOS settings, use Computer Setup and run the Save to
Diskette option from the File menu.
4.
Locate, press, and hold the CMOS button in for five seconds.
NOTE Be sure that the AC power cord is disconnected from the power outlet. The CMOS
button does not clear CMOS if the power cord is connected.
NOTE For assistance locating the CMOS button and other system board components,
see System board components on page 61 “System Board Components.”
5.
Replace the access panel.
6.
Reconnect any external devices.
7.
Plug in and power on the workstation.
NOTE The workstation passwords and any special configurations along with the system
date and time will have to be reset.
ENWW
Clearing and Resetting the CMOS
179
Using Computer Setup to Reset CMOS
1.
To reset CMOS using Computer Setup, access the Computer Setup (F10) Utilities menu. When
the Computer Setup message appears in the lower-right corner of the screen, press the F10 key.
Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key while the message is displayed, the workstation
must be powered off, then on again, to access the utility.
2.
From the Computer Setup menu, select File>Set Defaults and Exit. This restores the soft settings
that include boot sequence order and other factory settings. It does not, however, force hardware
rediscovery.
NOTE The workstation passwords and any special configurations, along with the system
date and time, will have to be reset.
180
Appendix F Appendix F — Additional password security and resetting CMOS
ENWW
G
Appendix G — Quick troubleshooting
flowcharts
This appendix presents some quick troubleshooting flowcharts for the following issues:
●
Initial troubleshooting
●
No power
●
No video
●
Error messages
●
No OS loading
●
No OS loading from hard drive
●
No OS loading from diskette drive
●
No OS loading from CD-ROM drive
●
No OS loading from network
●
Non-functioning device
NOTE The flowcharts presented are for general troubleshooting purposes only and they might
not apply to your specific workstation.
ENWW
181
Initial troubleshooting
182
Appendix G Appendix G — Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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No power
No power, part 1
ENWW
No power
183
No power, part 2
184
Appendix G Appendix G — Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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No power, part 3
ENWW
No power
185
No video
No video, part 1
186
Appendix G Appendix G — Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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No video, part 2
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No video
187
No video, part 3
188
Appendix G Appendix G — Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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Error messages
Error messages, part 1
ENWW
Error messages
189
Error messages, part 2
190
Appendix G Appendix G — Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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Error messages, part 3
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Error messages
191
No operating system loading
192
Appendix G Appendix G — Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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No operating system loading from hard drive
No operating loading from hard drive, part 1
ENWW
No operating system loading from hard drive
193
No operating system loading from hard drive, part 2
194
Appendix G Appendix G — Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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No operating system loading from hard drive, part 3
ENWW
No operating system loading from hard drive
195
No operating system loading from diskette drive
196
Appendix G Appendix G — Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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No operating system loading from CD-ROM drive
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No operating system loading from CD-ROM drive
197
No operating system loading from network
198
Appendix G Appendix G — Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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Non-functioning device
ENWW
Non-functioning device
199
200
Appendix G Appendix G — Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
ENWW