Sierra Wireless AceView User guide

AirLink GX400 HSPA+
User Guide
2140712
Rev 2.0
Preface
Important
Notice
Safety and
Hazards
Due to the nature of wireless communications, the transmission and reception of
data can never be guaranteed. Data may be delayed, corrupted (i.e., have errors)
or totally lost. Although significant delays or losses of data are rare when wireless
devices such as the Sierra Wireless AirLink GX400 are used in a normal manner
with a well-constructed network, the Sierra Wireless AirLink GX400 should not be
used in situations where failure to transmit or receive data could result in personal
hazard or risk to the user or any other party, including but not limited to personal
injury, death, or loss of property. Sierra Wireless accepts no responsibility for
damages of any kind resulting from delays or errors in data transmitted or
received using the Sierra Wireless AirLink GX400, or for failure of the Sierra
Wireless AirLink GX400 to transmit or receive such data.
Do not operate the Sierra Wireless AirLink GX400 in areas where blasting is in
progress, or near medical or life support equipment, or any equipment which may
be susceptible to any form of radio interference. In such areas, the Sierra
Wireless AirLink GX400 MUST BE POWERED OFF. The Sierra Wireless AirLink
GX400 can transmit signals that could interfere with this equipment.
Do not operate the Sierra Wireless AirLink GX400 in any aircraft, whether the
aircraft is on the ground or in flight. In aircraft, the Sierra Wireless AirLink GX400
MUST BE POWERED OFF. When operating, the Sierra Wireless AirLink GX400
can transmit signals that could interfere with various onboard systems.
Note: Some airlines may permit the use of cellular phones while the aircraft is on the
ground and the door is open. Sierra Wireless AirLink GX400 may be used at this time.
The driver or operator of any vehicle should not operate the Sierra Wireless
AirLink GX400 while in control of a vehicle. Doing so will detract from the driver or
operator's control and operation of that vehicle. In some states and provinces,
operating such communications devices while in control of a vehicle is an offense.
Limitation of
Liability
The information in this manual is subject to change without notice and does not
represent a commitment on the part of Sierra Wireless. SIERRA WIRELESS AND
ITS AFFILIATES SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM LIABILITY FOR ANY AND ALL
DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, GENERAL, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL,
PUNITIVE OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
LOSS OF PROFITS OR REVENUE OR ANTICIPATED PROFITS OR REVENUE
ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE ANY SIERRA WIRELESS
PRODUCT, EVEN IF SIERRA WIRELESS AND/OR ITS AFFILIATES HAS BEEN
ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES OR THEY ARE
FORESEEABLE OR FOR CLAIMS BY ANY THIRD PARTY.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no event shall Sierra Wireless and/or its
affiliates aggregate liability arising under or in connection with the Sierra Wireless
product, regardless of the number of events, occurrences, or claims giving rise to
liability, in excess of the price paid by the purchaser for the Sierra Wireless
product.
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AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
Patents
Copyright
Trademarks
This product may contain technology developed by or for Sierra Wireless Inc. This
product includes technology licensed from QUALCOMM®. This product is
manufactured or sold by Sierra Wireless Inc. or its affiliates under one or more
patents licensed from InterDigital Group.
© 2012 Sierra Wireless. All rights reserved.
AirCard® and Watcher® are registered trademarks of Sierra Wireless. Sierra
Wireless™, AirPrime™, AirLink™, AirVantage™, and the Sierra Wireless logo are
trademarks of Sierra Wireless.
Windows® and Windows Vista® are registered trademarks of Microsoft
Corporation.
Macintosh® and Mac OS X® are registered trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in
the U.S. and other countries.
QUALCOMM® is a registered trademark of QUALCOMM Incorporated and is
used under license.
Other trademarks are the property of the respective owners.
Contact
Information
Support Desk:
Phone: 1-877-231-1144
Hours: 5:00 AM to 5:00 PM Pacific Time,
Monday to Friday, except US Holidays
E-mail: support@sierrawireless.com
Sales Desk:
Phone: 1-510-624-4200
1-604-232-1488
Hours: 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM Pacific Time
E-mail: MobileandM2Msales@sierrawireless.com
Mail: Sierra Wireless America
39677 Eureka Drive
Newark, CA 94560
USA
Sierra Wireless
13811 Wireless Way
Richmond, BC V6V 3A4
Canada
Fax: 1-510-624-4299
1-604-231-1109
Website: www.sierrawireless.com
Consult our website for up-to-date product descriptions, documentation,
application notes, firmware upgrades, troubleshooting tips, and press releases:
www.sierrawireless.com
4
2140712
Preface
Revision
History
Revision
number
Release date
Changes
1.0
June 2011
GX400 HSPA+ User Guide created.
2.0
January 2012
GX400 HSPA+ User Guide updated. Major edits and additions made to Chapters 3
and 5, including new graphics, and new sections on device mounting, low power
modes, digital output, and LED reset. Other miscellaneous updates also added.
Rev 2.0 Feb.12
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AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
6
2140712
Contents
Introduction to the GX400 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
ACEware™. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
ACEmanager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Simplified Deployment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Monitor and Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
ACEview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Connecting to Your Cellular Provider . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Dynamic vs. Static IP Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
HSPA+ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
UMTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
EDGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
GPRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Connection Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
USB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Virtual Serial Port (VSP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Networking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
IPsec . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
GRE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Events Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Software Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Tools and Reference Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
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Contents
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Features and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Bands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Environmental . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Power Consumption: (@12V DC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Standards/Approvals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Host Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Supported Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
LED Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Interface Port Pin-Outs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Serial Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Power Connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Installing and Activating AirLink GX400 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Physical Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Activating the AirLink GX400 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Updating AirLink GX400 Firmware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Confirming the IP Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Configuring Through ACEmanager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Connecting the Antennas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
GPS Antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Connecting to Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Connecting to a Computer or Other Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Ethernet Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Serial Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
USB OTG Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
LED Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Light Patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Reset Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Mounting an AirLink GX400 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Mounting Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Mounting Bracket Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
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Contents
Configuring the AirLink GX400 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
ACEmanager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Using a Terminal Application with AT Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
AT Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Inputs, Relay Outputs, and Power Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Capturing External Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Digital Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Digital Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Power Modes and Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Power Effect on Device State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Monitoring Power-In Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Regulatory Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Notice - United States . . . 45
Industry Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Antenna Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
RF Exposure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
EU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
WEEE Notice. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
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AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
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2120028
1
1: Introduction to the GX400
• ACEware™
• Connecting to Your
Cellular Provider
• Communication
• Connection
Methods
• Networking
• Applications
• Software
• Documentation
The GX400 is a compact, intelligent, and fully-featured mobile
communications platform with multiple peripheral connections
including serial, Ethernet, and USB. Expanded I/O functionality in the
power connector includes one digital I/O and one low power timer
enable input allowing remote instrumentation possibilities.
Its high-precision GPS receiver, coupled with the rich embedded
intelligence provided by ALEOS™ technology, make the GX400 the
perfect choice for a broad set of applications requiring superior
remote management capabilities.
Figure 1-1: AirLink GX400
ALEOS, the embedded core technology of the Sierra Wireless
AirLink product, simplifies installation, operation and maintenance of
any deployment, and provides an always-on, always-aware intelligent
connection for mission-critical applications. ALEOS enables:
Rev 2.0 Feb.12
•
Persistent Network Connectivity
•
Over-The-Air (OTA) Upgrades
•
Wireless Optimized TCP/IP
•
Real-Time Notification
•
Real-Time GPS Reporting
•
GPS Store and Forward
•
Packet Level Diagnostics
•
Device Management & Control
•
Protocol Spoofing
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GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
Figure 1-2: Powered by ALEOS
ACEware™
A wireless solution is not complete until you have software tools to manage the
devices monitoring your valuable equipment. Using the AirLink Control
Environment (ACE), ACEWare is the device management and monitoring
application suite for Sierra Wireless AirLink devices powered by ALEOS.
Figure 1-3: ACEware Logo
The ACEware suite encompasses an application internal to the firmware
(ACEmanager) and Windows-based applications (ACEview, ACEnet, and Modem
Doctor). You can download the applications and their user guides from the Sierra
Wireless AirLink Solutions web site: http://www.sierrawireless.com/support.
Contact your dealer or Sierra Wireless representative for any further information.
Note: ACEview requires the Microsoft .NET Framework v. 2.0 and Microsoft Windows 98,
Windows 2000, Windows XP, or later. You can obtain the Microsoft .NET Framework from
Microsoft at: http://www.microsoft.com/.
ACEmanager
ACEmanager, the AceWare remote configuration and monitoring tool, simplifies
deployment and provides extensive monitoring, control, and management
capabilities. ACEmanager gives you the power to monitor and control your Sierra
Wireless AirLink communications platforms in real-time.
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Introduction to the GX400
Figure 1-4: ACEmanager
Simplified Deployment
ACEmanager provides the ability to remotely set up and configure your Sierra
Wireless AirLink products. Remote device setup and configuration reduces the
deployment timeline of your wireless solution and provides a quicker path to ROI.
Templates allow you to easily configure devices in your fleet with identical
settings, ensuring a simple, accurate deployment.
Monitor and Control
ACEmanager allows an administrator to remotely monitor a modem’s status,
health and configuration settings. The user interface displays signal strength, cell
site information, byte counters and error conditions, enabling you to pinpoint any
issues and troubleshoot immediately.
ACEmanager enables remote configuration and parameter settings to be
changed or reset instantly over the air, change a device’s port configuration, IP
address settings, GPS settings, and much more. After configuring one modem,
use the template feature to copy that device configuration to other devices.
Tip: Configuration steps and examples in this guide use ACEmanager.
ACEview
ACEview is an efficient status and connection monitoring application with a low
profile, easy to read interface.
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GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
Connecting to Your Cellular Provider
The GX400 uses your cellular provider as an ISP (Internet Service Provider) to
connect you to the Internet.
Connection Steps:
1. When the GX400 is powered on, it automatically searches for cellular service.
2. The GX400 establishes a communications link to the cellular provider with the
radio module.
3. When the GX400 has received its IP address from the cellular provider, a
connection to the Internet or the cellular network is also available for
computers or other devices connected directly to the GX400.
The GX400 will perform routing for all internet traffic to and from the computers or
other end devices.
When the GX400 is configured for Ethernet or USB/net, use Public IP mode. Only
one device connected to the applicable interface will receive the Public IP address
which is the one provided by the cellular network. In Private mode, all hosts use
Private IPs. With a hub or switch connected to the Ethernet port, the GX400 will
provide NAT (network address translation) for a range of computers or other
devices connected to the switch or hub and Internet access to all of them.
Dynamic vs. Static IP Addresses
There are two types of addresses on networks: dynamic and static.
•
Dynamic addresses are assigned on a “need to have” basis. Your GX400
might not always receive the same address each time it connects with your
cellular provider.
•
Static addresses are permanently assigned to a particular account and will
always be used whenever your GX400 connects to the Internet. The IP
address will not be given to anyone else.
Most ISPs (cellular included) use dynamic IP addresses rather than static IP
addresses since it allows them to reuse a smaller number of IP addresses for a
large number of customers. A dynamic IP address is suitable for many common
Internet uses, such as web browsing, looking up data on another computer
system, or other client functions (such as data only being sent out or only being
received after an initial request).
Tip: If your account with your cellular provider includes a dynamic IP address and you
need a static IP, please consult your your cellular provider representative for more
information about changing your account for static IP support.
If you need to contact your GX400, a device connected to the GX400, or a host
system using the GX400 from the Internet, you need to have a known IP (such as
one which is static) or domain name (an IP address which is converted by a DNS
server into a word based name). If you have a dynamic IP address for your
modem, you can use a Dynamic DNS service (such as IP Manager) to translate
your IP address into to a domain name.
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Introduction to the GX400
Caution: If you want to connect remotely to your GX400 using TCP/IP, the IP address
given to your modem by your cellular provider cannot be a private or internal IP address
(e.g., a special private network) unless you are on the same network or inside that
network’s firewall (e.g., with frame relay).
Communication
Many of the GSM Networks have been expanded to HSPA+.
HSPA+
HSPA+ (High-Speed Packet Access +) is an enhanced version of HSPA cellular
technology defined by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Release 7
UMTS specification for Mobile Terminated Equipment. Using improved
modulation schemes and refined data communications protocols, HSPA+ permits
increased data rates. Theoretical speeds are 5.76 Mbits/s uplink and 21.1 Mbits/s
downlink.
HSPA (High-Speed Packet Access) is a cellular technology which most closely
resembles a broadband synchronous connection. The upload and download
speeds are maximized to provide a faster throughput, reaching speeds up to 2.0
Mbit/s for the uplink and 7.2 Mbit/s for the downlink.
HSPA+ falls back to HSPA, UMTS, EDGE, or GPRS (in order of precedence).
This feature allows you to have seamless connectivity no matter where your
GX400 is.
UMTS
UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System) supports up to 1920 kbit/s
data transfer rates, although most users can expect performance up to 384 kbit/s.
A UMTS network uses a pair of 5 MHz channels, one in the 1900 MHz range for
uplink and one in the 2100 MHz range for downlink.
EDGE
EDGE (Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution) provides end-to-end packet data
services with an enhanced connectivity building on GPRS technology and using
the established GSM networks. EDGE provides higher transmission rates and
better transmission quality for data than GPRS. EDGE can carry data at speeds
typically up to 384 kbit/s in packet mode.
When EDGE is not available, your GX400 will fall-back to GPRS for the
connection to your cellular provider to provide continued connectivity.
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GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
GPRS
General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is packet-switched with many users
sharing the same transmission channel, but only transmitting when they have
data to send. This means that the total available bandwidth can be immediately
dedicated to those users who are actually sending at any given moment,
providing higher utilization where users only send or receive data intermittently.
GPRS provides speeds of 30–70 kbps with bursts up to 170 kbps.
Connection Methods
You can connect the GX400 to a USB (micro A/B) or an Ethernet (RJ45) port on a
computer. When connected to a USB or Ethernet port, the GX400 behaves like a
network card.
USB
The GX400 is equipped with a USB port which increases the methods by which
you can send and receive data. The USB port can be set to work as either a
virtual Ethernet port or a virtual serial port. A driver installation is required to use
the USB port in either mode.
It is recommended that you use a USB 2.0 cable with your GX400 and connect
directly to your computer for best throughput.
Virtual Serial Port (VSP)
The GX400 supports one virtual serial port over USB. This VSP can be used to
send AT commands or to run such serial-based applications such as
HyperTerminal®.
Networking
IPsec
The IP protocol that drives the Internet is inherently insecure. Internet Protocol
Security (IPsec), which is a standards-based protocol, secures communications
of IP packets over public networks.
IPsec is a common network layer security control and is used to create a virtual
private network (VPN).
The advantages of the IPsec feature includes:
•
16
Data Protection: Data Content Confidentiality allows users to protect their
data from any unauthorized view, because the data is encrypted (encryption
algorithms are used).
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Introduction to the GX400
•
Access Control: Access Control implies a security service that prevents
unauthorized use of a Security Gateway, a network behind a gateway or
bandwidth on that network.
•
Data Origin Authentication: Data Origin Authentication verifies the actual
sender, thus eliminating the possibility of forging the actual sender’s identification by a third-party.
•
Data Integrity: Data Integrity Authentication allows both ends of the communication channel to confirm that the original data sent has been received as
transmitted, without being tampered with in transit. This is achieved by using
authentication algorithms and their outputs.
The IPsec architecture model includes the Sierra Wireless AirLink gateway as a
remote gateway at one end communicating, through a VPN tunnel, with a VPN
gateway at the other end. The remote gateway is connected to a Remote network
and the VPN is connected to the Local network. The communication of data is
secure through the IPsec protocols.
Figure 1-5: IPsec Architecture
GRE
GRE (Generic Routing Encapsulation) tunnel is used to carry non-IP packets
through an IP Network. Non-IP packets that are sent over the GRE tunnel need to
be first encapsulated. Hence, ALEOS is used to configure and encapsulate nonIP packets and transmit over IP through the GRE tunnel.
Applications
Events Reporting
Events Reporting is the AirLink modem’s new software feature provided via
ACEmanager. It allows the users to generate reports from the events that take
place. Event Reporting Protocol is an intuitive embedded protocol, which
automatically formats the messages based on an event trigger. The messages
generated are then reported to the remote server.
Rev 2.0 Feb.12
17
GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
Software
The GX400 modem comes with the following software:
•
ACEview, the software for the GX400 which allows you to monitor your
connections.
•
The driver that forms the interface between the GX400 and your Windows
operating system when using USB virtual Ethernet or USB virtual serial.
•
The firmware that is stored in non-volatile memory and includes
ACEmanager.
The GX400 has an embedded radio module, also made by Sierra Wireless,
Inc. There are two firmware programs on the device—one stored on the controller board of the GX400 and one on the radio module.
The firmware was loaded into the radio module and controller board when the
GX400 was assembled. As new versions of the software and firmware are
released, they are posted at www.sierrawireless.com.
Documentation
The AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide describes how to:
•
Install the GX400 hardware.
•
Connect the radio antennas.
•
Connect a notebook computer and other input/output
(I/O) devices.
•
Interpret the LEDs on the GX400 and the indicators in the ACEview software.
This User Guide is provided as a PDF (Portable Document Format) file on the
installation CD or from the Sierra Wireless support website.
Software Documentation
Refer to the ALEOS User Guide for further details related to device configuration
and management. Chapters in this user guide explain the paramenters in
ACEmanager and provide relevant configuration detail, including user scenarios
for certain sections in the user guide.
Tools and Reference Documents
User Guide
Description
ALEOS User Guide
This document discusses software configuration in ACEmanager and explains all the
ALEOS features.
ACEview User Guide
This document explains the use of this utility tool to view and monitor the connection state
of a Sierra Wireless AirLink device.
ACEnet User Guide
This document explains the use of ACEnet services for the remote management of Sierra
Wireless AirLink devices.
18
2140712
2
2: Specifications
• Interface Port PinOuts
• Power Connector
Features and Benefits
•
Powered by ALEOS
•
Embedded Intelligence
•
Connection Management
•
IPsec/VPN Firewall
•
LBS & Events Reporting engines
•
ACEware interface
•
Remote Management and Configuration
•
Ethernet, Serial, USB OTG (On-The-Go)
•
One Digital I/O, one low power timer enable input
•
Multiple Interfaces, I/O Port
•
RX Diversity (3G)
•
Hardware expansion options (IESM)
Technology
•
HSPA+
With Fallback to:
· HSPA
· UMTS
· EDGE
· GPRS (MS-12)
· GSM
Bands
•
Five-band for WCDMA/HSPA+
· 800/850/900/1900/2100 MHz
•
Five-band receive diversity
· 800/850/900/1900/2100 MHz
•
Quad Band GSM/GPRS
· 850/900/1800/1900 MHz
Environmental
Rev 2.0 Feb.12
•
Operating Temperature:
· -30° to 70° Celsius
•
Storage Temperature:
· -40° to 85° Celsius
19
AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
Power Consumption: (@12V DC)
•
Transmit/Receive (Typical/Max) 230/380 mA
•
Idle 180 mA
•
Low Power Mode <50 mA
•
Input Voltage 9 - 36V DC
Standards/Approvals
•
Carrier specific approvals
•
CE
•
FCC
•
RoHS Compliant
•
Industry Canada
•
Mil-Spec 810-F Certified
•
Class 1 Div 2 Certified
•
e-Mark
•
IP 64
Host Interfaces
•
Ethernet: 10/100 Mbps RJ-45
•
USB “micro A/B” locking
•
RS-232: DB-9 DCE (300-230400 baud)
•
I/O: one on power connector
•
Antenna Connection:
· Primary Cellular - 50 Ohm SMA
· Receive Diversity - 50 Ohm SMA
· GPS - 50 Ohm SMA
Warning: Antennas must not be installed closer than 20 cm from people.
Dimensions
•
143mm x 96mm x 44 (5.5 in x 3.8 in x 1.7 in)
•
396 gm (14 oz)
Supported Protocols
•
20
TCP/IP, UDP/IP, DHCP, HTTP, SNMP, SMTP, SMS, MSCI, NMEA, TAIP, and
GPS
2140712
Specifications
LED Indicators
•
Network
•
Signal
•
Activity
•
Power
Interface Port Pin-Outs
Serial Port
5
9
R1 (Ring Indicator)
CTS (Clear to Send) < -
8
RTS (Request to Send) - >
7
DSR (Data to Send) < -
6
4
3
2
1
< - > GND (Ground)
< - DTR Data Terminal Ready)
< - Rx (Receive)
- > Tx (Transmit)
- > DCD (Data Carrier Detect)
Figure 2-1: Serial Port Diagram: Female DB9 DCE (not to scale)
Power Connector
Figure 2-2: Power Connector (not to scale)
Table 2-1: GX400 I/O Power Connector Pin-outs
Name
Rev 2.0 Feb.12
Pin
Description
Type
VCC
1
Main supply for device
PWR
GND
2
Main device GND for reference
PWR
LPS
3
Low power mode enable input
I
DIGIO
4
Digital input/output
I/O
21
AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
Table 2-2: GX400 Digital I/O Specifications
Pin
Name
Specification
Param
Min
Typ
Max
Units
4
Dig I/O
(Input)
Input low state
voltage
VIL
-0.5
0
1.2
V
Input high state
voltage range
VIH
1.3
3.3
30
V
Input leakage current
(3.3 VDC IN)
IIN
----
58
----
μA
Typical application input source is a dry switch contact to ground.
Pin includes an internal 56K ohm pull up to 3.3 VDC.
Dig I/O
(Output)
Open drain drive to
ground
Idc
----
150
200
mA
Maximum open
circuit voltage
applied
Voc
----
3.3
30
V
Typical application is to drive a relay coil to ground.
22
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3
3: Installing and Activating AirLink GX400
• Physical Interfaces
• Requirements
• Activating the
AirLink GX400
• Updating AirLink
GX400 Firmware
• Configuring
Through
ACEmanager
• Connecting the
Antennas
• Connecting to a
Computer or
Other Device
• LED Operation
• Mounting an AirLink
GX400
This chapter provides step-by-step directions for activating your
AirLink GX400 on Sprint’s network.
The AirLink GX400 should be mounted in a position that provides
easy access for all cabling. Cables should not be bent, constricted, in
close proximity to high amperage, or exposed to extreme
temperatures. The LEDs on the front and top panel should be visible
for ease of operational verification. Ensure that there is adequate
airflow around the device, and that it is kept free from direct exposure
to such environmental elements as the sun, rain, dust, etc.
Figure 3-1: AirLink GX400 front and back plates
Rev 2.0 Feb.12
23
AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
Physical Interfaces
The AirLink GX400 has the following physical interfaces and connection methods:
•
Primary Cellular - 50 Ohm SMA
•
Receive Diversity - 50 Ohm SMA
•
GPS - 50 Ohm SMA
•
USB OTG Micro A/B locking
•
1 Ethernet port
•
1 serial port
Requirements
1. Cellular account from a cellular provider.
2. Software:
· ACEmanager - Graphical interface for configuring/managing the GX400.
· A terminal emulator application (e.g., Microsoft HyperTerminal).
3. Hardware:
· Ethernet cable -10/100 fast Ethernet interface for management, software
downloads/upgrades, and data communication.
· Serial cable - An available serial console port for initial product configurations and debug.
· USB cable Type "A" to micro type "B" (could be locking)
Note: The USB port cannot configure the device until a driver is installed on the
connecting computer.
· Power adapter and a power source - You will need a power supply and
power source for the device.
Note: The AC power adapter for the GX400 has a different pin-out than previous AirLink
devices. This AC power adapter MUST be used or the GX400 will not operate properly.
· PC or laptop - To configure the device, you will need a computer with an
available Ethernet, serial, or USB port.
Refer to the ACEmanager Configuration User Guide for more details on
configuration via Ethernet, serial, and USB.
24
2140712
Installing and Activating AirLink GX400
Activating the AirLink GX400
To activate your GX400:
1. Install the AirLink GX400 antennas - See Connecting the Antennas on
page 26.
2. Remove the GX400’s top cover by removing the four retaining screws with a
5/64” or 2 mm Allen wrench. Insert a SIM card into the SIM tray. Replace the
screws and cover.
3. Plug the power cable into the power connector on the back panel of the
AirLink GX400 - See Connecting to Power on page 27.
4. Connect your computer to the AirLink GX400 with an Ethernet, serial, or USB
cable - See Connecting to a Computer or Other Device on page 29.
5. Observe the LEDs - See LED Operation on page 31.
Wait 60-90 seconds for the AirLink GX400 to initialize and go on the air.
Updating AirLink GX400 Firmware
Install the latest firmware version (.exe file) from ACEmanager using the
Firmware link.
Confirming the IP Address
Check the IP Address in your Local Area Connection window. The IP Address in
the window in Figure 3-2 is for a USB/net connection.
Figure 3-2: Confirm IP Address
Rev 2.0 Feb.12
25
AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
Configuring Through ACEmanager
ACEmanager is a free utility. Follow the steps below to connect to ACEmanager
and begin configuring the GX400 device.
•
Ensure that the AirLink GX400 is properly connected to allow access to the
ACEmanager user interface.
•
Go to: http://192.168.13.31:9191 the first time you connect to ACEmanager.
Connecting the Antennas
Warning: This device is not intended for use within close proximity of the human body.
Antenna installation should provide for at least a 20 cm separation from the operator.
Antennas selected should not exceed a maximum gain of 4.55 dBi in Cellular
Band and 2.85 dBi in PCS band under any standard installation configuration. In
more complex installations (such as those requiring long lengths of cable and/or
multiple connections), it is imperative that the installer follow maximum dBi gain
guidelines in accordance with the radio communications regulations of the
Federal Communications Commission (FCC), Industry Canada, or your country’s
regulatory body (if used outside the US).
Your AirLink GX400 will work with most cellular antennas with an SMA connector.
Connect the primary antenna or primary RF cable directly to the antenna
connector on the back of the AirLink GX400.
Tip: When using a cable to an antenna placed away from the device, minimize the length
of your cable. All gain from a more advantageous antenna placement can be lost with a
long cable to the device.
26
2140712
Installing and Activating AirLink GX400
GPS Antenna
The AirLink GX400 will work with most standard active GPS antennas. Connect
the GPS antenna or cable directly to the threaded SMA connector.
If mounting the AirLink GX400 in a vehicle, the less the cable is wrapped and
bound together, the better it will perform. Place it on the roof, on the dash, or on a
rear panel where it has a greater than 90° angle view of the sky.
There are three antenna mount options:
•
Magnetic roof-mount
•
Through glass-mount
•
Permanent mount.
GX400
Figure 3-3: GPS Antenna Placement for a Vehicle
Connecting to Power
Warning: Risk of electric shock: Only use the supply voltages listed in this user guide.
Warning: Explosion Hazard - When the device is located in a combustible atmosphere,
do not connect or disconnect the AirLink GX400 unless power has been switched off.
With the appropriate power adapter, the AirLink GX400 can be used with either
DC or AC power. DC cables and AC power adapters are available as optional
accessories in addition to the one included with your AirLink GX400. The AC
power adapter for the GX400 has a different pin-out than previous AirLink
devices. This AC power adapter MUST be used or the GX400 will not operate
properly.
Warning: When using an AC to DC adapter the ambient temperature should not exceed
40 0C.
Rev 2.0 Feb.12
27
AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
If the AirLink GX400 is used in a vehicle or battery-operated application, the red
wire should be connected to battery power and the black wire to ground. The
white low-power timer enable input wire must be connected to either unswitched
or switched power for the GX400 to operate. The AC adapter accessory for the
GX400 has power on two pins: main power and low-power timer enable. See the
“Power Modes and Information” section in Chapter 5 for additional information on
the various low-power modes available when using the GX400.
The battery cable used for a car, truck, or other mobile connection must be less
than 3 meters in length.
The AirLink GX400 has an internal polysilicon circuit breaker and reverse polarity
protection.
Figure 3-4: AirLink GX400 Power Connector
Warning: Explosion Hazard - When the device is located in a combustible atmosphere,
do not connect or disconnect the AirLink GX400 unless power has been switched off.
28
2140712
Installing and Activating AirLink GX400
Connecting to a Computer or Other
Device
The AirLink GX400 can be connected to the computer through an Ethernet,
serial, or USB connection.
Ethernet Port
Figure 3-5: Ethernet cable connector
The Ethernet port is a standard RJ-45 connector: two LEDs at the top of the port
indicate link and activity. The left LED blinks yellow during activity, and the right
LED is Green for 100 Mbps and Orange for 10 Mbps. The Ethernet port of the
AirLink GX400 can be connected directly to a computer or other Ethernet device
with either a crossover or a straight through cable. The Ethernet port on the
AirLink GX400 is auto-sensing, and it will auto-detect the speed of the connecting
device for 100baseTX or 10baseT.
Serial Port
Figure 3-6: Serial cable connector
The serial port of your AirLink GX400 can be connected directly to most
computers or other devices using a standard straight through cable. If you have a
DCE device, you will need a null device or null device cable. All local GPS (UDP
encapsulated) reports will come over the Ethernet connection. The serial port is
available for both initial product configurations and debugging.
Rev 2.0 Feb.12
29
AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
USB OTG Port
Figure 3-7: USB Micro-A cable connector
The CPU OTG port operates in device mode; when the port is unused, the AirLink
GX400 operates in device mode. If a Micro-B plug is inserted into the port, the
AirLink GX400 operates as a self-powered device; it will not draw any current
from the USB. If a Micro-A plug is inserted, the AirLink GX400 can operate in host
mode and supply power to the device that is plugged into. At this time, however,
USB host capability is a future ALEOS enhancement.
Your AirLink GX400’s high-speed (480 Mbps) USB 2.0 port can be directly
connected to computers or other devices using a standard USB 2.0 cable. If the
computer or device you are connecting or the cable is not rated for high-speed,
the device will communicate at a reduced speed to match.
When it is connected to a computer in device mode, the USB port should be seen
as a COM port or Ethernet port after the applicable driver is installed and
configuration has been enabled. The port is, by default, a virtual Ethernet port.
30
2140712
Installing and Activating AirLink GX400
LED Operation
Four LEDs are visible from the front and top of the AirLink GX400. Labeled (from
left to right) Network, Signal, Activity, and Power, each LED can display one of
three colors: green, yellow, or red.
Caution: If you need to reset the device configuration using the Reset
button, depress the button until the LEDs start cycling yellow, and then
release the button.
LED operation is as follows:
•
Off - No activity
•
Green - Full function
•
Yellow - Limited Function
•
Red - Not functional
•
Blinking - Where needed, blinking is used to indicate altered functionality.
Figure 3-8: AirLink GX400 Indicator lights
Rev 2.0 Feb.12
•
Network LED:
· Green - On the network
· Flashing Green - Roaming
· Yellow - Found service, attempting to connect
· Flashing Yellow - Link down
· Red - No data connection available.
•
Signal LED - Light shows the strength of the signal and may be nearly solid
(strong signal) or flashing (weaker signal). A slow flash indicates a very weak
signal.
· Green - Good signal
· Yellow - Marginal signal
· Red - Bad signal
· Flashing Red - No signal.
•
Activity LED - Pulse green on packet transmit/receive on radio link.
Otherwise, LED is off.
•
Power LED:
· Off - No power (or above 36V or below 7.5V)
· Red - System not operational
· Green - Normal operation
· Green, Occasional Yellow - GPS Lock
· Yellow - Low power mode or system booting.
31
AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
Light Patterns
The LEDs on the front of the device respond with different light patterns to
indicate device states.
•
Normal - Each LED is lit as applicable.
•
Start up and Device Reboot - All LEDS simultaneously cycle red, yellow,
and green at the start. Various light patterns continue until the Power LED
turns yellow and then green, and the Network LED flashes yellow, changes to
a solid yellow, and finally turns green, to indicate an active device.
•
Radio Passthrough (H/W) - Network LED is a solid red.
•
Factory Reset - All LEDs flash yellow after the Reset button is pressed for
7-8 seconds and released. Returns the device’s software settings to the
factory default state.
•
Data Retry, Failed Auth, and Retrying - The Network LED blinks red every 3
seconds.
Reset Button
The Reset button, located on the right front side of the AirLink GX400, has two
primary functions:
1. Powers up or reboots the device: Quickly press in and release.
2. Return the device’s ALEOS configuration settings to their factory defaults:
Press in and hold for 7-8 seconds until all LEDs are flashing yellow.
32
2140712
Installing and Activating AirLink GX400
Mounting an AirLink GX400
The GX400 can be mounted almost anywhere using the device’s recessed
mounting ears. An optional mounting kit (with mounting adapter plate) is also
available when replacing a PinPoint X device.
Mounting Hardware
All GX400s are shipped with a Hardware Mounting Kit (P/N 1202162) that
contains four #8 sheet metal/wood-type screws and four internal lock washers.
Figure 3-9 is a diagram (with dimensions) of the GX400’s mounting base.
31.8 mm
1.25 in
131.8 mm
5.19 in
95 mm
3.74 in
40 mm
1.57 in
4 X 4.5 mm D
GX400 FRONT
22.3 mm
0.88 in
142 mm
5.59 in
Figure 3-9: Diagram of the GX400 Base (Not to scale)
To mount the GX400:
1. Place the GX400 in the exact position where the unit is to be secured.
2. Using a pencil or applicable writing tool, outline the four mounting ear holes
on the mount surface.
3. Remove the GX400, and drill a small “starter” hole at the center of each
outlined hole.
4. Replace the GX400 to its mounting position, insert all four screws (with
washers attached) through the recessed mounting ears, and tighten the
screws until they are hand tight and secure.
Rev 2.0 Feb.12
33
AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
Mounting Bracket Kit
An optional Mounting Bracket Kit (P/N 1202404) is available from Sierra Wireless
for mounting the GX400 when replacing a PinPoint X device. The GX400
Mounting Bracket Kit includes:
•
One mounting adapter plate
•
Four #8 sheet metal/wood-type screws
•
Four internal lock washers
The adapter plate is designed to reuse the mounting holes of a PinPoint X for a
GX400 installation. The adapter plate is attached to a stationary location, and the
GX400 is attached to the adapter plate.
162 mm
6.4 in
4 Pics
8-32 Tap
97.5 mm
3.8 in
68.2 mm
2.7 in
147.9 mm
5.9 in
Figure 3-10: GX400 Adapter Plate and Dimensional Diagram (Not to scale)
Installation steps for the GX400 with adapter plate are as follows:
1. Position the adapter plate in the exact place where the PinPoint X was previously secured.
Note: When the adapter plate is correctly positioned, the small end of the keyhole
mounting hole will be on top.
Tip: For reasons of stability and to ensure a secure GX400 mount it is highly
recommended that all four mounting screws be used in the adapter plate installation.
2. Insert all four screws (with washers attached) through the recessed mounting
ears and the raised adapter plate mounting holes. Tighten the screws until
they are hand tight but secure.
3. Connect your power cable, serial or Ethernet cable, and all antennas to the
device’s interface ports.
34
2140712
4
4: Configuring the AirLink GX400
• ACEmanager
• Using a Terminal
Application with
AT Commands
• AT Commands
The AirLink GX400, with its ALEOS embedded firmware, is a highly
configurable device.
Configure the AirLink GX400 using one of two options:
1. Use the configuration and management applications of the
AceWare suite, or
2. Use a terminal emulator application such as HyperTerminal,
PuTTY, etc.
ACEmanager
To get an expanded view of the other ACEmanager features, refer to
the ACEmanager Configuration Guide and the ALEOS 4.2.1 User
Guide.
ACEmanager is a free utility. Follow the steps below to connect to
ACEmanager for configuring the GX400:
•
Ensure AirLink GX400 connectivity for accessing ACEmanager
•
Go to: http://192.168.13.31:9191 the first time you connect to
ACEmanager.
A full listing of all the configuration commands for your device are in
the ALEOS User Guide.
Using a Terminal Application with
AT Commands
You can access and configure your AirLink GX400 using Microsoft
HyperTerminal, PuTTY, or a similar terminal emulator application.
The following directions are for HyperTerminal which is part of a
standard installation of Windows XP.
1. Choose a name and icon for your connection
a. Choose a name for your connection, such as AirLink GX400
or Sierra Wireless AirLink Solutions. The name and icon are
only for your own reference so you can find the connection at
a later date.
Tip: To save a connection for both local and remote usage, we suggest that
the connection name reflect the connection type, e.g., AirLink GX400 local.
Rev 2.0 Feb.12
35
AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
b. Select OK.
2. At the Connect to window, using USB or serial:
a. Select COM1, or the COM port to which the device is connected, for the
“Connect using” option.
Figure 4-1: Connect To window
b. Change or verify the settings when the COM1 Properties window
appears:
· Bits per Second: 115200 (default)
· Data Bits: 8
· Parity: None
· Stop Bits: 1
· Flow Control: Hardware (or None).
Figure 4-2: Port Settings at COM1 Properties
36
2140712
Configuring the AirLink GX400
Tip: If you have configured the AirLink GX400 for settings different than the defaults for
Bits per second, Data bits, Parity, and/or Stop bits, you will need to use your changed
settings.
c. Select OK.
If using Telnet with either Ethernet or USB/net:
d. Select TCP/IP (Winsock) for “Connect using”.
e. Type in 192.168.13.31 for “Host address”.
f.
Change “Port number” to 2332.
g. Select OK.
3. You are now connected.
Connecting with Telnet will prompt for a password.
Figure 4-3: HyperTerminal: TCP/IP connected
Rev 2.0 Feb.12
37
AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
Figure 4-4: HyperTerminal: connected
a. If you are prompted for a password, enter the default password 12345.
Tip: You will not be prompted for a password if you connect using a COM port.
b. Type AT and press Enter. You should get a reply of “OK” or “0”.
c. To see what you are typing as you type it, you will need to turn on the
echo and verbose mode. Type ATE1V1, and press Enter.
d. If you get a reply of “OK”, then you entered the command successfully. If
you get a reply of “0” or “ERROR”, try entering the command again.
AT Commands
Note: A full listing of supported AT Commands may be found in the ALEOS User Guide.
When using a terminal application, you will need to manually type in each
command.
38
•
For most commands, when you are entering them using a terminal
connection, you will need to preface the command with AT (exceptions are
noted), i.e., ATA which is listed as A.
•
Some commands have specific parameters while other commands will take
whatever you type.
•
Required variable parameters are denoted with italicized text, example, Dn.
The n is variable.
•
Acceptable parameters and/or specific formats are listed with each
command.
2140712
Configuring the AirLink GX400
•
Most commands with parameters can be entered with ? to read the current
value. (For example, AT&D? will respond with “2” if the default has not been
changed.)
•
Optional parameters are denoted with square brackets [ ].
•
AT Commands are not case sensitive. A capital “E” is the same as a
lowercase “e”.
•
When you are using a terminal connection, if you enter a command which is
recognized by the AirLink GX400, it will respond with “OK”. If the command is
not recognized, the response will be “ERROR”.
•
Any commands applicable only to certain model numbers of the AirLink
GX400 will be noted.
Caution: Symbols listed with commands, such as *, /, &, or ?, are part of the command
and must be included. Commands with symbols other than * may require the Passthrough
mode.
Rev 2.0 Feb.12
39
AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
40
2140712
5
5: Inputs, Relay Outputs, and Power Status
• Capturing External
Events
• Power Modes and
Information
The AirLink GX400 can be configured to monitor the input, respond
to specific types of events, and trigger digital output. The device can
also be configured to change its power mode in order to conserve
power. These features can be configured to your needs.
Capturing External Events
The AirLink GX400 is equipped with an I/O port interface which
includes one low power timer enable input and one digital I/O. These
may be connected to sensors and switches to monitor status and
remotely control equipment.
AirLink GX400 board supports a low power timer enable input pin
and a digital I/O pin which are connected to the CPU processor. The
I/O signal comes in from the power connector, through a PolySwitch
resettable fuse, and ties into the CPU pins with protection circuitry.
Digital Input
Digital Input can be used in two different modes: the switch mode or
the voltage sensing mode.
Digital Input
Contact
Digital I/O
Ground
Figure 5-1: Digital Input Contact Closure
The switch mode senses contact closures. The digital input can
report either an open or closed state, and can be wired to a ground
signal via a switch. When the switch is open, the input reads “3.3V”.
When the switch is closed, the input reads “OV”.
Rev 2.0 Feb.12
41
AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
Examples of using the input with a switch to ground:
•
When a door or other latch is opened or closed.
•
Counting pulses or other electronic events.
•
When a gauge reaches a certain point.
•
When a container fills or empties.
•
When a switch or valve is opened or closed.
•
When the tow bar is raised or lowered.
•
Connected to a sensor, the level of fuel in a vehicle.
•
When the trunk of a vehicle is opened or closed.
•
When the ignition is turned on or off.
Digital Output
Digital Output of open collector design is capable of driving an external device
such as a pull-up resistor or relay. (For example, a relay could be connected
between the output pin and an external voltage.) The voltage on the relay cannot
exceed 30V. The digital output pin can handle up to 150mA.
Examples of using the digital output with an external relay or pull-up resistor:
•
Setting off an alarm or siren.
•
Triggering a process to start on another device.
•
Opening or closing a valve or switch.
•
Locking or unlocking a door.
•
Turning a light on or off.
•
Opening the vehicle's trunk or doors.
Figure 5-2: Digital Output Circuit
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Inputs, Relay Outputs, and Power Status
Power Modes and Information
AirLink GX400 low power modes can be configured using ACEmanager
(Default: no power modes). You can switch power modes in response to specific
events, such as when the voltage to the device drops below a configured
threshold or when ignition is turned off, in order to conserve battery life. The
standby state, low power mode, will prevent the device from draining the battery
while allowing the device to quickly power up to regular operation when it is
needed.
The GX400 has two main power states when low power mode is enabled in
ACEmanager and whether the low power mode input signal is low or high:
1. When the low power mode input line goes low (tied to switched power), it can
be used to completely power down the GX400 (Off, 0mA) after the programmable timer expires or the input voltage falls below a programmable
threshold.
2. If low power mode input is kept on (tied to unswitched main power), it can go
from a full power state (180mA - 300mA) to low power mode (35mA) using
either the programmable timer or when the main input voltage drops below
the programmable threshold. In addition, the GX400 can be set to wake up at
a periodic interval with a user-defined duration if it is desired to send a
message at the same time every day.
LPM = 0
and
Delay Period Expired
or
Voltage Threshold Crossed
or
Periodic Timer Inactive
LPM = 1
and
Delay Period Expired
or
Voltage Threshold Crossed
or
Periodic Timer Inactive
Normal
LPM = 1
OFF
LPM = 1
and
Voltage Threshold Crossed
or
Periodic Timer Active
Low
Power
LPM = 0
* LPM = Low Power Mode Input Signal
Figure 5-3: Low Power Mode Diagram
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AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
Power Effect on Device State
Once the transition from powered on to low-power mode starts, the device will
change state to AT mode. This results in the current mode being gracefully
terminated. For the brief period when the device is preparing for low-power mode,
the device will remain in AT mode. At that time, it won't auto-answer, ATD will fail,
etc. Once low-power mode is entered, the device will then discard any data
received on the host port.
When the device is activated from the low-power mode, the same activity occurs
as power on. The device starts in AT mode, and after 5 seconds will enter the
default start-up mode as it is configured for the device.
Monitoring Power-In Voltage
The current status of the power-in voltage can be monitored in ACEmanager. Go
to the Services tab, select the Low Power parameter, and open the Engine Hours
field.
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6
6: Regulatory Information
Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Notice - United States
Electronic devices, including computers and wireless devices,
generate RF energy incidental to their intended function and are
therefore subject to FCC rules and regulations.
This equipment has been tested to, and found to be within the
acceptable limits for a Class A device.
This equipment generates radio frequency energy and is designed
for use in accordance with the manufacturer's user manual. However,
there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in any particular
installation.
If this equipment causes harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and
on, you are encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or
more of the following measures:
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
•
Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver
•
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from
that to which the receiver is connected
•
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television technician
for help
•
This device complies with Part 15 of the Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference
2. This device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
Warning: Changes or modifications to this device not expressly approved
by Sierra Wireless could void the user's authority to operate this equipment.
Industry Canada
This Class A digital apparatus meets all requirements of the
Canadian Interference Causing Equipment Regulations. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
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AirLink GX400 HSPA+ User Guide
Antenna Considerations
Although the antenna model(s) used with these devices meet(s) the Industry
Canada Radio Frequency requirements, it is possible that future customers may
swap them for different ones without network provider's knowledge and approval.
Such customers must be made aware of, and follow, the Radio Frequency
requirements applied in this Technical Approval:
•
RSS-102 "Radio Frequency Exposure Compliance of Radiocommunication
Apparatus (All Frequency Bands)"
•
RSS-129 "800 Mhz Dual-Mode CDMA Cellular Telephones"
•
RSS-132e "Cellular Telephones Employing New Technologies Operating in
the Bands 824-849 Mhz and 869-894 Mhz"
•
RSS-133 r1 "2 GHz Personal Communications Services"
RF Exposure
In accordance with FCC/IC requirements of human exposure to radio frequency
fields, the radiating element shall be installed such that a minimum separation
distance of 20 cm should be maintained between the antenna and the user's
body.
Warning: This product is only to be installed by qualified personnel!
To comply with FCC/IC regulations limiting both maximum RF output power and
human exposure to RF radiation, the maximum antenna gain must not exceed
4.55 dBi in the Cellular band and 2.85 dBi in the PCS band.
Warning: A minimum separation distance of 20 cm must be maintained between the
antenna(s) used for this transmitter and all personnel.
EU
Sierra Wireless hereby declares that the AirLink GX400 devices conform to all the
essential requirements of Directive 1999/5/EC. This equipment has been tested
to, and found to be acceptable, within the acceptable limits for a Class A device.
Products are marked with a CE and notified body number.
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Regulatory Information
The Declaration of Conformity made under Directive 1999/5/EC is available for
viewing at the following location in the EU community.
Sierra Wireless (UK), Limited
Suite 5, The Hub
Fowler Avenue
Farnborough Business Park
Farnborough, United Kingdom GU14 7JP
WEEE Notice
If you purchased an AirLink GX400 in Europe, please ensure that the device is
collected separately from general domestic waste at the end of its life. WEEE
(Waste of Electric and Electronic Equipment) products may be recognized by their
wheeled bin label on the product label.
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