YAMAHA
AUTHORIZED
PRODUCT MANUAL
Professional Multi-effect Processor
YAMAHA
Professional Multi-effect Processor
Operation Manual
FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A.)
1. IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY THIS UNIT!
This product, when installed as indicated in the instructions contained in this manual, meets FCC requirements. Modifications not expressly approved by Yamaha
may void your authority, granted by the FCC, to use the product.
2. IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to accessories and/or another product use only high quality shielded cables. Cable/s supplied with this product MUST
be used. Follow all installation instructions. Failure to follow instructions could void your FCC authorization to use this product in the USA.
3. NOTE: This product has been tested and found to comply with the requirements listed in FCC Regulations. Part 15 for Class "B" digital devices. Compliance with
these requirements provides a reasonable level of assurance that your use of this product in a residential environment will not result in harmful interference with
other electronic devices. This equipment generates/uses radio frequencies and, if not installed and used according to the instructions found in the users manual.
may cause interference harmful to the operation of other electronic devices. Compliance with FCC regulations does not guarantee that interference will not occur
in all installations. If this product is found to be the source of interference, which can be determined by turning the unit "OFF" and "ON", please try to eliminate
the problem by using one of the following measures:
Relocate either this product or the device that is being affected by the interference.
Utilize power outlets that are on different branch (circuit breaker or fuse) circuits or install AC line filter/s.
In the case of radio or TV interference, relocate/reorient the antenna. If the antenna lead-in is 300 ohm ribbon lead, change the lead-in to co-axial type cable.
If these corrective measures do not produce satisfactory results, please contact the local retailer authorized to distribute this type of product. If you can not locale
the appropriate retailer, please contact Yamaha Corporation of America, Electronic Service Division, 6600 Orangethorpe Ave, Buena Park, CA 90620
The above statements apply ONLY to those products distributed by Yamaha Corporation of America or its subsidiaries.
* This applies only to products distributed by Yamaha Corporation of America.
IMPORTANT NOTICE FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM
Connecting the Plug and Cord
WARNING : THIS APPARATUS MUST BE EARTHED
IMPORTANT. The wires in this mains lead arc coloured in accordance with the following code:
GREEN-AND-YELLOW
BLUE
BROWN
: EARTH
: NEUTRAL
: LIVE
As the colours of the wires in the mains lead of this apparatus may not correspond with the
coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug proceed as follows:
The wire which is coloured GREEN-AND-YELLOW must be connected to the terminal in the
plug which is marked by the letter E or by the safety earth symbol
or coloured GREEN or
GREEN-AND-YELLOW.
The wire which is coloured BLUE must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the
letter N or coloured BLACK.
The wire which is coloured BROWN must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the
letter L or coloured RED.
* This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA - KEMBLE MUSIC (U.K.) LTD.
CANADA
THIS DIGITAL APPARATUS DOES NOT EXCEED
THE "CLASS B" LIMITS FOR RADIO NOISE EMISSIONS FROM DIGITAL APPARATUS SET OUT
IN THE RADIO INTERFERENCE REGULATION
OF THE CANADIAN DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNICATIONS.
This product complies with the radio frequency
interference requirements of the Council Directive 82/499/EEC and/or 87/308/EEC.
• This applies only to products distributed by Yamaha
Canada Music Ltd.
SPECIAL FEATURES OF SPX990
•
•
•
•
has 20 bits A/D and D/A conversion which provide high grade sound.
equipped with pre and post-effects in the high quality Multi-effect system.
installed with the memory card, XLR-tap and footswitch systems
provided convenient operations through function key, data entry dial and has a big LCD
display.
Congratulations on your acquisition of a Yamaha Professional sophisticated digital reverberation and effect systems which offers 80 preset effect programs including accurate simultaneous
of natural reverberation and early reflections, delay and echo effects, gated effects, a versatile
compressor, delay harmonic driver, multiple effects, freeze (sampling) programs which can do
loop playback and others. Epoch-making new effect like the main effect programs include multitap delay which can determine each level of time and balance, the round pan and intelligent
pitch which can add harmony through internal recording on specific keys and scale. The temp,
stereo echo and temp, quad echo also add new attractive effects to the SPX990. With a sampling frequency of 44.1kHz, it delivers full, flat frequency response from 20Hz to 20kHz for
exceptionally clean, "transparent" effect sound and direct digital interfacing capability making
it compatible with the most up-to-date sound system. The preset effect programs can be edited,
re-titled and stored in any of the 80 RAM memory locations. Individual 3-band parametric EQ
and dynamic filter parameters are provided for each effect program for precise tonal tailoring.
In addition to the basic effect and EQ parameters, the SPX990 offers a list of "internal parameters" which provide exacting control over the effect sound. The SPX990 is also MIDI compatible, with a MIDI IN terminal that allows MIDI selection of effect programs and a switchable
MIDI THRU/OUT terminal. When switched to OUT, edited programs stored in the internal
RAM can be dumped to a MIDI data recorder or other data storage devices. Programs thus
stored can be reloaded when necessary via the MIDI IN terminal. As an extra touch of convenience, the SPX990's analog input and output terminals can be switched to match -20dBm or
+4dBm line levels, providing compatibility with a broader range of sound
equipment.Convenient external data storage is provided by a card slot that accepts optional
RAM cards that can be used to store effect programs. In order to fully take advantage of all the
capability offered by the SPX990 Professional Multi-effect Processor, we urge you to read this
operation manual thoroughly while trying out fully the many features and effects provided by
the SPX990.
CONTENTS
PRECAUTIONS ......................................3
CONTROLS AND CONNECTIONS ......4
TEH FRONT PANEL ....................................................4
THE REAR PANEL.......................................................5
THE SPX990 SYSTEM ..........................6
EFFECT CONFIGURATION ........................................6
MEMORY CONFIGURATION ......................................7
MEMORY CARD ...........................................................7
MEMORY & EDIT MODES ..........................................8
SELECTING AN INPUT MODE...................................9
(Edit Mode: Page 5 menu)
GENERAL OPERATION .....................10
MEMORY RECALL.....................................................10
PRESET PROGRAM LIST......................................... 12
EDITING AN EFFECT PARAMETER MODE ...........14
(Edit Mode: Page 1 menu)
TITLE EDITING .......................................................... 15
(Edit Mode: Page 2 menu)
STORING A PROGRAM ............................................16
SELECTING USER MEMORY PROTECT................17
(Edit Mode: Page 5 menu)
SETTING OF MEMORY CARD .................................18
(Edit Mode: Page 4 menu)
SELECTING A FOOT SWITCH .................................19
(BYPASS, INC/DEC TERMINAL)
(Edit Mode: Page 5 menu)
THE PROGRAMS & PARAMETERS .20
SELECTING AN EFFECT..........................................20
PRE & POST EFFECT PARAMETERS ....................21
3-band Parametric Equalizer (P. Equa) ..................21
Compressor (Comp.)................................................ 22
Harmonic Driver (HarmDr) .......................................22
Compressor, Distortion & ED (Dist.) .......................23
PROGRAM MAIN EFFECT PARAMETERS .............24
REVERB EFFECTS .....................................................25
Reverb (Reverb).......................................................25
Filtered Reverb (FiltRev)..........................................26
Stereo Reverb (St.Rev) ...........................................26
Echo Room (EchRoom) ...........................................27
GATE ....................................................................28
ER (EARLY REFLECTION) EFFECTS .......................29
Thin Early Reflection (ThinER)................................29
Fat Early Reflection (FatER) ...................................29
Gate Reverb (GateRev) ...........................................29
Reverse Gate (Reverse) ..........................................29
DELAY, ECHO EFFECTS ...........................................30
Delay L, C, R (Dly-LCR) ..........................................30
Echo (Echo)..............................................................31
Multi Tap Delay (MIt. Tap) .......................................32
Stereo Echo (St. Echo) ............................................33
2
Tempo Mono Delay (TmpEch1) ..............................34
Tempo Stereo Echo (TmpEch2).............................. 35
Tempo Quad Echo (TmpEch4)................................36
MOD (MODULATION) EFFECTS................................37
Flange (Flanger).......................................................37
Dual Flange (DualFIg) ..............................................37
FM Chorus (Fm.Cho) ...............................................38
AM Chorus (AM.Cho) ...............................................38
Phaser (Phaser) .......................................................38
Symphon (Symphonic).............................................38
PITCH CHANGE EFFECTS ........................................39
Mono Pitch Change (MonoPit) ................................39
Dual Pitch Change (DualPit) ...................................40
Triple Pitch Change (TripPit) ...................................41
Stereo Pitch Change (StPitch) ................................42
PAN EFFECTS.............................................................42
Auto Pan (AutoPan) .................................................42
Triggered Pan (TrigPan) ..........................................43
MULTI-EFFECTS .........................................................44
Chorus & Reverb (Cho&Rev) ..................................44
Symphonic & Reverb (Sym&Rev) ...........................44
Flanger & Reverb (Flg&Rev) ...................................45
Reverb(L)/ Reverb(R) (Rev/Rev).............................45
ER (L)/Reverb (R) (ER/Rev)....................................46
Echo (L)/ Reverb (R) (Ech/Rev) ..............................47
Chorus(L)/ Reverb(R) (Cho/Rev) ............................48
Pan(L)/Pan(R) (Pan/Pan).........................................48
FREEZE EFFECT ........................................................49
Freeze (Freeze)........................................................49
MIDI CONTROL ...................................52
MIDI TERMINAL.........................................................52
MIDI OPERATIONS....................................................52
MIDI PROGRAM CHANGE TABLE SETUP .............55
(Edit Mode: Page 3 menu)
MIDI PARAMETER CONTROL..................................56
(Edit Mode: Page 2 and 3 menu)
MIDI BULK OUT .........................................................58
(Edit Mode: Page 3 menu)
APPENDIX.....................................Add-1
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS .............................Add-1
OPTION.................................................................Add-1
BLOCK DIAGRAM..............................................Add-4
DIMENSIONS ........................................................Add-4
MIDI DATA FORMAT ...........................................Add-5
MIDI Implementation Chart ................................Add-10
USER PROGRAMMING TABLE........................Add-11
MIDI PROGRAM CHANGE LIST.......................Add-13
PRECAUTIONS
1. AVOID EXCESSIVE HEAT, HUMIDITY, DUST AND
VIBRATION
Keep the unit away from locations where it is likely to be
exposed to high or low temperature - such as near sun
exposure places, stove, etc. Also avoid locations which are
subject to excessive dust accumulation or vibration which
could cause mechanical damage.
2. AVOID PHYSICAL SHOCK
Strong physical shocks to the unit can cause damage. Handle
with care.
3. DO NOT OPEN THE CASE OR ATTEMPT REPAIRS
OR MODIFICATIONS YOURSELF
This unit contains no user-serviceable parts. Refer all
maintenance to qualified Yamaha service personnel. Opening
the case and/or tampering with the internal circuitry will void
the warranty.
4. MAKE SURE POWER IS OFF BEFORE MAKING OR
REMOVING CONNECTION
Always turn the power OFF prior to connecting or disconnecting cables. This is important to prevent damage to the
unit itself as well as other connected equipment.
5. HANDLE CABLES CAREFULLY
Always plug and unplug cables- including the AC cord- by
gripping the connector, not the cord.
6. CLEAN WITH A SOFT DRY CLOTH
Never use solvents such as benzine or thinner to clean or
aerosol spray to spray the unit. Wipe clean with a soft, dry
cloth.
7. ALWAYS USE THE CORRECT POWER SUPPLY
Make sure that the power supply voltage specified on the rear
panel matches your local AC main supply.
8. THUNDER STRIKE
Disconnect the unit quickly when there is any lighting
striking in your area.
9. ELECTRICAL INTERFERENCE
Since the unit contains digital circuitry, it may cause interference and noise if placed too close to TV sets, radios or
similar equipment. If such a problem does occur, move the
unit further away from the affected equipment.
10. MEMORY BACKUP
The SPX990 contains a special long-life battery that retains
the contents of its internal RAM memory even when the
power is turned OFF. The backup battery should last approximately 5 years. When the battery voltage drops to a level that
is too low to maintain the memory contents, the following
message will appear on the unit display when the power is
turned ON.
It is recommended that as a back-up system you should save
the data into the memory card or store the data into external
devices for MIDI bulk out (you cannot save data into the
memory card for Program Change Table and System Data).
If this display appears, have the backup memory replaced by
a qualified Yamaha service personnel. Do not attempt to do it
yourself.
NOTE: The preset program will not to erased even if the
battery voltage drops.
11. STORAGE
After reading this operation manual, please keep it and the
warranty in a safe place for future reference.
12. ERROR NUMBER
When the SPX990 power is initially turned ON, a selfdiagnostic program runs automatically to check a number of
important operational parameters. If a problem is detected, an
error number El through E4 will appear on the MEMORY
No. display. If the error numbers appears, please take the
SPX990 to your nearest Yamaha dealer for servicing, and be
sure to tell the service personnel which error number was
displayed.
System Initializing
When you press the PAGE Select key, STORE key and
BYPASS key at the same time, the system will be
initialized with power supply ON. Please take note that
the stored user memory will return to original setting.
3
CONTROLS AND CONNECTIONS
THE FRONT PANEL
Power Switch
Press to turn the power ON, press to turn the power OFF.
When the power is turned ON, the last program and parameter selected will be automatically recalled.
Assignable Function
Keys
The keys allow one touch direction to direct recall, activate
selected effects and make parameter selection easy for edit
mode. Press the keys to change the LCD display.
Input Level Controls
These concentric controls vary the input levels of the analog
inputs. The inner control adjusts the Lch level and the outer
control the Rch level.
Data Entry Dial
The dial allows the change in program memory No. or
parameter values.
Input Level Meter
The stereo input level meter consists of eight Lch and Rch
segments per channel, corresponding to -42dB, -36dB,
-30dB, -24db, -18dB, -12dB, -6dB and Clip input.
Memory Area Indicator
The memory area have 3 indicators to be selected: PRESET,
USER and CARD.
Input Select Indicator
The two input selections: STEREO or MONO can be chosen
on the indicator (refer to page 9 for Input Select Indicator)
MIDI Indicator
The indicator will light up whenever a MIDI signal is inputed
in the MIDI IN terminal.
LED MEMORY No. Display
When the LED display is continuously lit, the effect corresponding to the number displayed is active. When the LED
display is flashing, this indicates a new memory location has
been selected but has not been recall, leaving the previously
selected effect active. When the recalling and storing are
activated, it will light up.
LCD Display
The LCD displays the title of a selected effect, parameter
value, messages, etc.
4
Page Select
Keys
The
keys allow step-wise selection of the menu
numbers. Press the key corresponding to the direction in
which you want increment or decrement.
Memory Mode Key and Indicator
This key is used to select a new memory location mode. The
indicator will light up when the key is pressed. The key can
also be used to select the indicator from the memory area.
Store Key
This key is used to store edited effect programs into one of
the user memory location or the memory card by simply
pressing the store key. (For program storage, refer to page
16.)
Edit Key and Indicator
Press this key to get the edit mode. When the edit mode is
activated, the indicator will light up.
Bypass Key and Indicator
When the key is pressed, all unit effects are completely
bypassed and the input signal is fed directly to the output.
During bypassing, the indicator will light up.
Memory Card Slot
Optional memory card can be inserted in here to provide
more locations.
THE REAR PANEL
L & R Input Connectors
These are the analog stereo inputs to the SPX990. The XLR3-31 type connector and TRS phone jacks are both electrical
balanced input connectors. Refer to "SELECTING AN
INPUT MODE" on page 9 when connecting to monaural
output jacks.
Input Level Switch (+4dB/-20dB)
The level switch selects either -20dB or +4dB nominal input
level.
L & R Output Connectors
These are the analog stereo output to the SPX990. The XLR3-32 type connector and TRS phone jacks are both electrical
balanced output connectors.
Output Level Switch (+4dB/-20dB)
The switch selects either the -20dB or the +4dB nominal
output level.
Trigger Footswitch Jack
The footswitch jack can set parameters in a program and
trigger effect programs. The footswitch jack accepts an
optional Yamaha equivalent connector FC4 or FC5 for footcontrolled triggering of any effect program.
Bypass or INC/DEC Footswitch Jack
The following functions can be used to change the setting of
the edit mode.
Bypass Function
When the optional footswitch FC4 or FC5 is connected to the
jack, it can be used as the same function as in Bypass Key in
on the front panel.
Memory INC/DEC Function
When an optional footswitch FC4 or FC5 is connected to the
jack, it can be used as a foot control to change program.
MIDI IN Terminal
This terminal is used to receive the MIDI signals from
external MIDI devices.
MIDI OUT/THRU Terminals
OUT/THRU Switch
Selects either MIDI THRU or MIDI OUT operation for the
MIDI OUT/THRU connector, described below.
MIDI OUT
When the switch controlling MIDI terminal is set at MIDI
OUT, the internal data are fed to an external MIDI data
recorder for storage.
MIDI THRU
When the switch is set at MIDI THRU, the terminal simply
re-transmit data received at the MIDI IN terminal, allowing
daisy-chaining to other MIDI devices.
5
THE SPX990 SYSTEM
EFFECT CONFIGURATION
The SPX990 allows access to three separate groups of effect programs - pre-effect, main effect and
post-effect.
It has 36 main effects, 4 pre-effects and 3 post-effects to select on. The pre and post-effects are
equalizing and dynamic controls which play a role in the main effects.
These internal memory locations parameters provide flexibility in many ways we could enjoy.
6
MEMORY CONFIGURATION
In the SPX990, there are three memory areas in which a total of 280 programs can to fed into or
recalled.
Preset Memory: No. 1-80 = 80 types
The preset memory contains 80 effect programs. (See page 12 for
"Preset Program List") that you can select and use without
modification. The preset programs themselves cannot be erased
or changed in any way, but they can be edited and stored in the
USER or CARD memory to create original variation.
Card Memory: No. 1-99,00=100 types
An optional memory card can be used to increase the memory
locations or create a program library. The memory card can be
used to edit and store a program just like the user memory
locations and all the programs in the user memory locations can
also be stored in the memory card.
User Memory : No. 1-99, 00 =100 types
The user memory provides 100 locations in which your own
effect creations can be stored. You can edit a preset effect to
create an original variation. At the time of purchase, storing of
program is the same as that of the pre-set program.
MEMORY CARD
An optional Yamaha memory card MCD-32 or MCD-64 can hold up to 100 effects each to increase the
memory storage of the programs. The card can store the user memory location programs or transfer its
programs to the user memory.
Caution when using the memory card
• When you use the memory card for the first time, be sure to
format it first. (See page 18)
• Do not pull out the card during recalling (see page 10), storing
(see page 16), saving (see page 18) or loading (see page 18) of
program. Also, do not pull out the card when the memory area
indicator shows "CARD".
• The memory card cannot be stored or saved a program when
the write protect switch is set at "ON". Also, the memory card
cannot be loaded once the user memory protect is set at
(See page 17)
• When operating a memory card, messages below will appear
on the LCD.
will
When there is no memory card,
appear.
During write protecting,
will appear.
When cards which cannot be used in the SPX990 are
inserted or when cards are not initialized,
will appear.
7
MEMORY & EDIT MODES
There are two types of modes in this unit:
Memory Mode
This mode makes use of the effect program to recall that program. (see page 10). This mode normally appears when the
power switch is ON.
Memory
Mode
Edit Mode
This mode set or edit the effect parameters. Press the EDIT key
to get this mode. There are 5 menu pages to this mode.
For selection of pages, press the PAGE Select
keys.
PRESET (No.1 ~ 80)
USER (No.1 ~ 99, 00)
CARD
(No.1 ~ 99, 00)
Edit
Mode
NOTE: When storing an effect program, press the STORE key and the memory mode will return, (page 16)
NOTE: If you want to get back to the memory mode from the edit mode, press the MEMORY key.
8
SELECTING AN INPUT MODE (Edit Mode: Page 5 menu)
We should try to understand input mode selection even though the preset effect program can be edited
and stored.
The SPX990 inputs are stereo input connectors. However, signal from the left jack can be fed to both
left and right channel processing circuitry and similarly, the signal from the right jack can be passed to
the left and right channel processing circuitry.
Stereo
This is the normal mode of operation in which left- and rightchannel signals received at the left- and right-channel inputs are
passed on to the SPX990 processing circuitry on the same
channels as which they were received.
L Mono
This and the R Mono mode described below are ideal for use
with monaural input and stereo inputs signal. In the L Mono
mode, a monaural signal received at the INPUT L jack is fed to
both the left- and right-channel processing circuitry and signal
received at the INPUT R is ignored.
R Mono
A monaural signal received at the INPUT R jack is fed to both
the left- and right-channel processory circuitry and signal
received at the INPUT L is ignored.
How to select an input mode
Press the EDIT key to get the edit mode. Then use the PAGE
Select
keys to select
of edit mode on the
LCD display.
key under the LCD display
Press any function
to get the "Input Select" display.
1 Press any function
key under the LCD display
to select the input mode
NOTE: When you select the input mode to be
signal or
signal even when connecting
both the L and R terminals, monaural input signals
will be transmitted.
NOTE: Input select mode is the same for all programs so they
are stored even if the power switch is OFF,
Press the EDIT key if you want to return to the
of edit
mode or press the MEMORY key to return to the memory
mode.
9
GENERAL OPERATION
MEMORY RECALL
There are 3 methods to recall a program;
1 . Recall by panel key .............. standard method.
2. Direct recall........................... recall by simply pressing the function and keys.
3. MIDI program change.............. recall by external MIDI devices.(see page 52)
1. How to recall a program by panel key
Press the MEMORY key to get the memory mode function.
The memory indicator will light up.
Press the. function key under the LCD
and the
memory No. indication will light up and the program will be
recalled. After recalling the program, the name of the main
effect program will appear on the right side of the LCD.
Press the function key under
in the LCD if you want
to cancel the recalling and the previous selected program will
appear.
Press the MEMORY key to select the desired "PRESET",
"USER" or "CARD" you want from the memory area.
NOTE: Be sure to set the memory card in the card slot first
before recalling any program from the memory area.
Turn the DATA ENTRY dial to select the desired program
memory No. The selected memory No. will flash on the
display. The selected program title will be displayed on the
LCD but actually, this is the previous program.
10
2. Direct Recall
Recalling can be done on any memory area program by simply
pressing the function and keys if the direct recall function is
been used.
The preset program No.1 can be recalled in the example below.
However, by pressing the extreme left function key, the user
memory No.5
program can also be recalled.
How to enter a memory No. for direct recall function
Do the operations from steps
in "1. How to recall a
program by panel key" for recalling the desired program.
When the memory No. flashes on the display, press the
function key under the program No. you want to recall.
The desired memory No. will light up on the LCD display and
the desired program No. on top of the pressed function key is
recalled.
That is to say, the direct recalling takes one action to do three
steps from
in the "1. How to recall a program by panel
key".
keys from
In order to do direct recalling, four function
the left can be used. The four keys can be used for selection of
any memory location. All stored program in any memory location
will be saved even if the power switch is OFF.
The letter in front of each two digits refers to:
Other programs can also be done with other function keys in
the same way.
NOTE: Direct recall can be used when a mode is at the memory
mode function. Press the MEMORY key when a mode is
at other mode function. (MEMORY indicator will light
up)
NOTE: When doing direct recall from the memory card, insert
the card into the slot first before pressing the function
key.
will appear if there is no
memory card in the slot and programs cannot be recalled.
11
PRESET PROGRAM LIST
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
12
AMBIENCE
STEREO HALL
DRUM CHAMBER
PLATE HALL
VOCAL CHAMBER
BRIGHT HALL
BREATHY REVERB
CONCERT HALL
REVERB FLANGE
P.EQ
off
P.EQ
off
off
off
P.EQ
off
off
FiltRev
St.Rev
ER/Rev
Rev/Rev
St. Rev
FiltRev
FiltRev
Reverb
Flg&Rev
off
off
off
off
Comp.
off
HarmDr
off
P.EQ
All
E. Piano, Vocal
ER for Tom / REV for Snare
PLATE for Vocal, HALL for Inst.
Vocal
All
Male Vocal, Keyboard
Keyboard (Pad)
All
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
VOCAL PLATE
ECHO ROOM
PRESENCE REVERB
SNARE PLATE
ARENA
THIN PLATE
OLD PLATE
P.EQ
off
off
off
off
off
P.EQ
Reverb
EchRoom
FiltRev
FiltRev
Reverb
St.Rev
FiltRev
P.EQ
off
P.EQ
off
off
P.EQ
off
Vocal, All
All
Brass, Woodwind
Snare, Drums, Percussion
Drums
Vocal
Snare
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
FAT REFLECTIONS
WOOD ROOM
BIG SNARE
BRIGHT SNARE
SQUASH ROOM
BAMBOO ROOM
REFLECTIONS
STONE ROOM
CONCRETE ROOM
P.EQ
off
off
P.EQ
P.EQ
off
off
off
off
FatER
EchRoom
GateRev
FiltRev
EchRoom
EchRoom
ThinER
FiltRev
GateRev
Comp.
HarmDr
off
Comp.
Comp.
off
P.EQ
P.EQ
off
Drums, Percussion
Drums, Percussion
Snare
Snare
Rock Drums, Guitar
Percussion
All
All
Metal Guitar
26
27
28
29
30
BLATTY PLATE
FULL METAL GATE
HARD GATE
REVERSE GATE
REVERSE PURPLE
P.EQ
P.EQ
P.EQ
P.EQ
off
FiltRev
GateRev
GateRev
Reverse
Reverse
P.EQ
P.EQ
Comp.
Comp.
P.EQ
Drums
Drums
Snare
Guitar Solo, Vocal
Drums
31
32
33
DRUM MACH. AMB.S
DRUM MACH. AMB.L
ELECT.SNR PLATE
off
St.Rev
FiltRev
Reverse
P.EQ
off
Comp.
Hi-hat, Snare
Percussion, Snare
Snare
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
SYNC DELAY
VOICE DOUBLER
DELAY L, C, R
120 BPM PAN DDL
120 BPM MONO DLY
MULTI TAP DELAY
KARAOKE ECHO
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
TmpEch4
DualPit
Dly-LCR
off
off
off
off
off
P.EQ
P.EQ
Rock Vocal
Vocal
All
= 120>
Vocal. Hi-hat
Vocal
= 120>
Vocal
Karaoke Vocal
Off
P.EQ
TmpEch1
MItTap
StEcho
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
GOOD OL P.CHANGE
VOCAL SHIFT
AIRY PITCH
ANALOGUE SLAP
FAT BASS
"LOW" SNARE
HALO COMB
GRUMPY FLUTTER
ROGER ON THE 12
TWISTER
BOTTOM WHACKER
INTELLICHORD MON
INTELLICHORD DUA
INTELLICHORD TRI
PITCH SLAP
STEREO PITCH
off
Comp.
HarmDr
HarmDr
P.EQ
P.EQ
HarmDr
HarmDr
off
off
P.EQ
off
off
off
HarmDr
off
DualPit
DualPit
DualPit
DualPit
TripPit
DualPit
DualPit
DualPit
MonoPit
DualPit
DualPit
MonoPit
DualPit
TripPit
DualPit
StPitch
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
SYMPHONIC
GTR SYM ECHO
CHORUS & REVERB
BASS CHORUS
STEREO PHASING
CLASSY GLASSY
SILKY SWEEP
DETUNE CHORUS
UP DOWN FLANGE
UNDERWATER MOON
TREMOLO
ROTARY SP.
off
HarmDr
off
off
off
HarmDr
HarmDr
off
P.EQ
P.EQ
off
Dist.
Symphon
Sym&Rev
Cho&Rev
DualPit
Phaser
FM.Cho
Phaser
DualFIg
Flanger
Cho/Rev
AutoPan
AM.Cho
off
off
P.EQ
P.EQ
off
P.EQ
HarmDr
off
off
Guitar, Keyboard
Guitar, Keyboard
Guitar, Keyboard
Bass
Guitar
Keyboard (Pad)
All
All
Guitar
Keyboard (Pad), guitar
Guitar, Keyboard
Keyboard (Organ)
69
70
71
72
73
74
FREEZE
DIST. PERCUSSION
DISTORTION 1
PAN
TRIGGERED PAN
PAN / PAN
off
Dist.
Dist.
off
off
off
Freeze
ThinER
ThinER
AutoPan
TrigPan
Pan/Pan
off
Comp.
Comp.
off
off
off
Sampling
Percussion
Bass, Vocal
All
All
Keyboard
75
76
77
78
79
80
ON THE PHONE
IRON MAN
RADIO BLAG
TUNNEL
FOREVERVERB
SILVERHEART
P.EQ
P.EQ
P.EQ
off
off
P.EQ
Echo
Dly-LCR
Flanger
EchRoom
St. Rev
Ech/Rev
Comp.
Comp.
Telephone Voice
Robot Voice
Radio Sound
Tunnel Reverb
Very Long Reverb
Echo with Lots of Regeneration
Off
off
P.EQ
P.EQ
off
P.EQ
Comp.
P.EQ
off
HarmDr
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
P.EQ
Off
Off
P.EQ
off
HarmDr
All
Vocal, Backings
Vocal
Vocal
Synth Bass
Snare, Drums
Drums
<Desending Pitch Effect>
Guitar
Percussion
Drums
Guitar, Vocal <lnput mono tone>
Guitar, Vocal <lnput mono tone>
Guitar, Vocal <lnput mono tone>
Vocal
Vocal <Key shift>
13
EDITING AN EFFECT PARAMETER MODE (Edit Mode: Page 1 menu)
Every program has different changeable parameters available in each effect. Original programs can be
created by varying the parameters. The number of parameters and its type may be different to create
an effect but the procedure for editing of a program is the same.
The procedure for editing parameters
Select and recall a desired program to be edited, (refer to
"Memory Recall" on page 10)
The top line in the LCD display shows the parameter title and
the bottom line shows each of its data.
Press the EDIT key to get the edit mode. The edit indicator
will light up.
Press any function or key under the parameter to be
edited to change the data. The bracket will more according to
the place where the function key is pressed.
Press the PAGE Select
edit mode.
and
keys to get the
of the
The parameter data can be changed by either the function
keys orr by the DATA ENTRY dial.
or
NOTE: The parameter data changes very fast or slow depending on the speed of turning the DATA ENTRY dial.
Press any function or key under the desired effect on the
LCD display and the effect parameter to be edited will appear
on Page 1. Page 1 shows each effect setting ofPreFx, MainFx
and PostFx. (refer to "Selecting an Effect" on page 20)
Press the PAGE Select and keys and the menu screen to
be edited will appear. Edit the parameter data from to
The number of parameters and its variation are different to
create a effect, (refer to "THE PROGRAMS & PARAMETERS" on page 20)
Press the EDIT key if you want to return to the edit mode on
Other effect parameters can also be edited if necesPage1 of the effect parameter
sary.
The edited parameters data will not be lost even if the power
switch is OFF but other programs not stored will be lost if the
preset program is recalled. To store an edited data, you have
to store the data into the user memory, (see page 16)
Press the MEMORY key to get back the memory mode again.
14
TITLE EDITING (Edit Mode: Page 2 menu)
You can title an effect program or change the original title (max. 16 letters) of an effect program that is
edited by using the dial or the function and keys.
The procedure for naming a program
Select and recall a desired program to be edited, (refer to
"Memory Recall" on page 10)
Press the EDIT key to get the edit mode and use the PAGE
Select and keys to display the
of the edit mode
Shift the cursor on the top left line on the LCD by using the
function and keys which are at the bottom of the
position to select the letters. Letters can be changed by using
the function and keys at the bottom of
and
or by using the DATA ENTRY dial.
The letters runs in sequence as shown below. Press the
function key under
to insert any letter and press the
function key under
to delete any letter.
Press any function or key under the display
which is on the bottom line of the LCD display to get the
menu screen.
The available letters are shown in sequence below.
Store the effect program, (see page 16 for "STORING
PROGRAM")
15
STORING A PROGRAM
You can store original programs with changed parameters after recalling the programs from the three
memory locations (preset, user and card) into the user memory location or the memory card.
Also, you can choose the desired program to be used in the three selections in the memory area and
store in the user memory location or the memory card.
How to store a program
Set the user memory protect at OFF before storing a program.
(refer to "SELECTING USER MEMORY PROTECT on page
17")
NOTE: You do not have to do this operation if the user
memory protect mode is set at OFF.
Turn the DATA ENTRY dial to change and select the
memory No. to be stored. The memory No. indicator will
flash and the title of the program stored previously will appear
on the LCD.
NOTE: If the User memory protect is still ON after having
stored a program, the STORE key been pressed by
mistake, will not activate the storing.
If you want to store a desired program other than the one
which is presently recalled, you can recall that desired
program for storing.
Press the STORE key to execute
mode.
Press the function key under the display
or the
STORE key once again and the program stored previously
will change to the desired program. The memory No. indicator
will light up. Then the desired program recalled will be stored.
Press the MEMORY key to select USER or CARD from the
memory area location.
If you want to cancel any storing effect, press the function
key under the display
NOTE: When storing an edited program in the memory card,
set the WRITE PROTECT switch at OFF first. Then,
insert the card into the card slot before selecting the
memory location, "CARD".
NOTE: You cannot store edited programs into the PRESET
memory area location.
NOTE: The previous edited program stored will be lost if a
new edited program with the same memory No. is
been stored.
NOTE: You can do title editing on the new program, (refer to
"TITLE EDITING" on page 15)
NOTE: You can store any parameter data regardless of the
setting at ON/OFF for BYPASS mode.
NOTE: You can load all data in the memory card into the user
memory location or load all data from the user
memory location into the memory card. (refer to
"SETTING OF MEMORY CARD on page 18")
16
SELECTING USER MEMORY PROTECT (Edit Mode: Page 5 menu)
You cannot store any edited data in the user memory location if the user memory protect is set at
Pressing the STORE key by mistake will not activate the storing effect.
The procedure for user memory protect mode
Press the EDIT key to get the edit mode. Then use the PAGE
Select and keys to display the
of the edit mode.
Press the any function or
to display the
key at the bottom the LCD with
or
by using the function
Select
under the bracket display [
].
and
keys
Press the EDIT key if you want to return to the
of edit
mode or press the MEMORY key to return to the memory
mode.
17
SETTING OF MEMORY CARD (Edit Mode: Page 4 menu)
The following steps show how to use a memory card:
• Format .....................................Format the MCD-64 or the MCD-32 memory card.
• Save........................................Copy and save all user memory data into the memory card.
• Load.........................................Copy and load all memory card data into the user memory.
How to set a memory card
Insert the MCD-64 or MCD-32 memory card well into the
memory card slot.
Press the function key under the display
following operation will appear.
and the
Press the function key under the display
to cancel the operation.
if you want
Press the EDIT key to get the edit mode. Then press the
PAGE Select and keys to display the
of the edit
mode.
are indicated on the bottom
and
line of the LCD. Press any function or key at the bottom
of any desired operation to display the next screen.
Press the EDIT key if you want to return to the
of edit
mode or press the MEMORY key to return to the memory
mode.
NOTE: If you do formatting, the data stored in the memory now
will be lost.
NOTE: If you do formatting and saving procedure, be sure to
turn off the write protect switch in the memory card first.
After you have done formatting and saving procedure,
turn on the write protect switch.
18
SELECTING A FOOT SWITCH (BYPASS, INC/DEC TERMINAL) (Edit Mode: Page 5 menu)
The BYPASS, INC/DEC terminal in the rear panel can be connected to Yamaha's optional foot switch
FC4 or FC5 and the following selection can be done:
• BYPASS function
This function serves the same operation as the BYPASS key on the front panel.
• Memory INC/DEC function
A selected program can be recalled within a certain range by using the foot switch.
Every time the foot switch is been pressed on, a program will be changed.
NOTE: During performance, it will be very convenient if you can store the selected programs in
sequence in the user memory or in the memory card.
How to operate the foot switch
Press the EDIT key to get the edit mode. Then press the
PAGE Select and keys to display the
of the edit
menu.
Press any function or key under the display
get to the foot switch function menu screen.
to
If you select the
function, press the
PAGE Select key to get to the next menu screen.
Set the first program to be recalled by the left function keys.
Then when you press the footswitch once the program set will
be recalled. The memory No. is in two digits and the letter in
front of the digits refers to PRESET,
USER and
CARD.
Set the last program to be recalled by the right two function
and keys. Then when you press the footswitch to the last
program set, it will be recalled.
Press the EDIT key if you want to return to the
of edit
mode or press the MEMORY key to return to the memory
mode.
In this operation, the program is automatically stored even if
you do not press the STORE key.
• An example of a recalling range
Each program is changed in order of
Press any function
select either
or
key on the left under the display to
or
function.
19
THE PROGRAMS & PARAMETERS
In the SPX990, original programs can be created by editing the preset program. Therefore, it is important
that we understand each and every preset program fundamentally in order to make full use of the effects.
Those parameters which have
mark cannot be controlled by MIDI parameter, (refer to page 56)
SELECTING AN EFFECT
As explained in the earlier section, one program is made up of 3 effects: pre-effect, main effect and the
post effect.
There are together 4 kinds pre-effects, 36 kinds of main effects and 3 kinds of post effects.
Selecting an effect can be done on
of the edit mode. (refer to "EDITING AN EFFECT PARAMETER MODE" on page 14.)
PreFx, PostFx
MainFx
NOTE: You cannot choose the main effects in the edit mode.
Therefore, edit the desired effect program to make a
original program.
On/Off (Effect On/Off: ON, OFF)
This is the setting of the on/off function of the pre-/post
effect.
Type (Effect Type: P.EQ, Comp., HarmDr, Dist.)
The following types of effects can be selected.
On/Off (Main Effect On/Off: ON, OFF)
This is the setting of on/off function of the main effect.
NOTE: Dist. effect cannot be selected in the post effect.
Balance (Mix Balance: 0% ~ 100%)
This parameter adjusts the balance between the direct sound
and effect signals. At 0%, only the direct sound is delivered
from the SPX990 output while at 100%, only the effect sound
is output.
NOTE: Refer to "PRE & POST EFFECT PARAMETERS" for
explanation on the effects.
StLink (Stereo Link: ON, OFF)
This is the On/Off function of the stereo link of Lch and Rch.
When the function is set at ON, a channel's parameter value
will be changed and set. At the same time another channel's
parameter same value will also be set. In the case of the
"Comp." effect, the compression parameters will be activated
and both right and left channels stereo link will be done when
the function is set at ON.
Under the several effects, there are two types of effects
having balance parameters.
NOTE: There is no StLink parameter for the "Dist." effect.
On/Off (Main Effect On/Off: ON/OFF)
This is the setting of the on/off function of the main effects.
Balan 1 (Type 1 Mix Balance: 0% ~ 100%)
Balan 2 (Type 2 Mix Balance: 0% ~100%)
These parameters adjust balance between the direct sound and
and direct sound and Type 2
Type 1 effect sound
effect sound
NOTE: Please refer to Type 1 and Type 2 effect sounds for
explanation.
20
PRE & POST EFFECT PARAMETERS
The following are four kinds of pre and post effects:
• P. EQ....................................... Parametric Equalizer
• Comp......................................... Compressor
• HarmDr ...................................... Harmonic Driver
• Dist........................................... Compressor, Distortion & Equalizer (only for pre-effect)
Name of effect
(LCD display)
3-band Parametric Equalizer (P. EQ)
in/out
2in/out
This is the parametric equalizer of the stereo IN/OUT function.
The effect of the 3-band parametric equalizer can be set on the
left and right channels separately.
L.LoF (Lch Low Frequency: 40Hz ~ 1.0kHz)
The parameter determines the center frequency of boost or cut
for the Lch low frequency equalizer band.
LHiG (Lch High Gain; -15dB ~ +15dB)
The parameter determines the amount of boost or cut applied
to the Lch high frequency equalizer band.
LHiQ (Lch High Q: 0.1 ~ 10.0)
The parameter determines the peak sharpness of the Lch high
frequency equalizer.
R.HiF (Rch High Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz)
R.HiG (Rch High Gain: -15dB ~ +15dB)
R.HiQ (Rch High Q: 0.1 ~ 10.0)
LLoG (Lch Low Gain: -15dB ~ +15dB)
The parameter determines the amount of boost or cut applied
to the Lch low frequency equalizer band.
L.HPF (Lch HPF Frequency: THRU, 20Hz ~ 1.0kHz)
Determines the Lch high pass filter's cut-off frequency. A
frequency lower than the determined one will be cut off at
12db/oct.
LLoQ (Lch Low Q: 0.1 ~ 10.0)
The parameter determines the peak sharpness of the Lch low
frequency equalizer.
R.LoF (Rch Low Frequency: 40Hz ~ 1.0kHz)
R.LoG (Rch Low Gain: -15dB ~ +15dB)
R.LoQ (Rch Low Q: 0.1 ~ 10.0)
and are the parameters of the Rch same as
and
of the Lch.
L-MiF (Lch Mid Frequency : 250Hz~4.0kHz)
The parameter determines the center frequency of boost or cut
for the Lch mid frequency equalizer band.
L.LPF (Lch LPF Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz, THRU)
Determines the Lch low pass filter's cut off frequency. A
frequency higher than the determined one will be cut-off at
12dB/oct.
LMiG (Lch Mid Gain: -15dB - +15dB)
The parameters determines the amount of boost or cut applied
to the Lch mid frequency equalizer band.
L.MiQ(Lch Mid Q: 0.1 ~ 10.0)
The parameter determines the peak sharpness of the Lch mid
frequency equalizer.
R.MiF (Rch Mid Frequency: 250Hz ~ 4.0kHz)
R.MiG (Rch Mid Gain: -15dB ~ +15dB)
R.MiQ (Rch Mid Q: 0.1 ~ 10.0)
and are the parameters of the Rch same as
and of the Lch.
LHiF (Lch High Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz)
The parameter determines the center frequency of boost or cut
for the Lch high frequency equalizer band.
The parameter sets the level of the Main FX or output level
from the Lch.
R.HPF (Rch HPF Frequency: THRU, 20Hz ~ 1.0kHz)
R.LPF (Rch LPF Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz, THRU)
R.Lvl (Rch Output Level: - , -30dB ~ +6dB)
and are the parameters of the Rch same as
and of the Lch.
21
Compressor (Comp.)
2in/2out
This is the compressor of the stereo IN/OUT function.
When a signal above the set level is inputed, that level will be
reduced and outputed. It is possible to reduce the signal peak
completely to eliminate the distortion, to average the touching
effect when preforming and to raise the volume overall. When
compressing the compressor to gain the dynamic range, a small
volume of noise can be heard. In order to lessen this noise, a
noise gate is installed in this program. The parameters can be set
separately in the Lch and Rch.
L. Gate (Lch Noise Gate Level: 0 ~ 20)
The signal cannot pass through the noise gate below a certain
set signal level. Noise will be cut when there is no signal. The
bigger the level is, the more the signal will be cut.
L.Lvl (Lch Output Level:
-30dB ~ +24dB)
The parameter sets level of the Main FX or the output level of
the Lch output.
R.Thrs (Rch Threshold Level: -24 ~ +12)
R.Ratio (Rch Ratio: 2:1, 3:1, 4:1, 6:1, 8:1,
R.Atck (Rch Attack Time: 1.0 ~ 20)
R.Rele (Rch Release Time: 0.01 ~ 2.0)
R.Gate (Rch Noise Gate Level: 0.01 ~ 20)
R.Lvl (Rch Output Level:
-30dB ~ +24dB)
are the parameters of the Rch same as
Lch.
Harmonic Driver (HarmDr)
LThrs (Lch Threshold Level: -24 ~ +12)
When sound signal is inputed into the Lch is higher than the
set signal by the parameter, the sound will be reduced. The
smaller the value, the smaller the sound will be reduced and
there will be no level difference.
LRatio (Lch Ratio: 2:1, 3:1, 4:1, 6:1, 8:1,
This is the ratio of the sound input into Lch and reduced
sound. The nearer the value is to
the smaller the sound
can be reduced.
L.Atck (Lch Attack Time: 1.0 ~ 20)
This is the time when the sound to be reduced starts in the
Lch (inputed sound level exceeds the Thresh level) until the
time it reaches the ratio of compression set in
The shorter
the time, the more rapid is the reduction. If the time is long,
the attack will remain creating a peculiar sound.
of the
2in/2out
This is the IN/OUT harmonic driver of the stereo. This driver
increases the harmonic overtone over a certain frequency and
creates a clear sound.
Parameters can be set separately in both the Lch and Rch.
L.Freq (Lch Frequency: 400Hz ~ 10kHz)
Indicates the cut-off frequency of the Lch's high pass filter.
The harmonic overtone over a set frequency can be added.
L.Driv (Lch Drive Level: 0 ~ 100)
Indicates the level of harmonic overtone added to Lch. The
harmonic overtone can be added only to a cut-off frequency
higher than L.Freq. The bigger the parameter's value, the
clearer is the sound.
L.Mix (Lch Mixing Level: 0 ~ 100)
The parameter adjusts the balance of the sound volume in Lch
between the fundamental tone and effect tone. At 50%, the
fundamental and effect tone are delivered from the output. At
0%, only the fundamental tone is delivered from the output.
R.Freq (Rch Frequency: 400Hz ~ 10kHz)
R.Driv (Rch Drive Level: 0 ~ 100)
R.Mix (Rch Mixing Level: 0 ~ 100)
are the parameters of the Rch same as
and
and of the Lch.
L.Rele (Lch Release Time: 0.01 ~ 2.0)
If the inputed sound level is smaller than the Thresh level, the
reduced sound level will become the level of performance
sound which is not reduced. This is the time when it takes to
return to original level.
22
L.Lvl (Lch Output Level:
-30dB ~ +6dB)
The parameter sets the level of MainFX or the output level of
the Lch.
R.Lvl (Rch Output Level:
-30dB ~ +6dB)
The parameter sets the level of MainFX or the output level of
the Rch.
Compressor, Distortion EQ (Dist.)
1 in/1out
This is the program connecting the compressor, distortion and 2band parametric equalizer respectively. Since it is an monaural
IN/OUT program, the Lch input and Rch input are mixed and
effected. Then they are assigned to the Lch and Rch output
separately.
CmpTyp (Compressor Type: Off, Compr., Limit)
Choice of types of compressor.
Compr. : compress the dynamic range to average the
sound effect.
Limit. : simply compress the peak limit to avoid distortion.
Off
: OFF the compressor.
Sustain (Sustain: 0 ~ 100)
Only sets the sustaining of sound. The bigger the value, the
longer is the sound effect.
LowLvl (Low Level: 0 ~ 100)
Determines the quantity of boost of a low frequency equalizer.
The bigger the value, the more the low frequency can be
emphasized.
LowFrq (Low Frequency: 50Hz ~ 1 kHz)
Determines the center frequency of a low frequency equalizer.
LowQ (Low Q: 0.2 ~ 2.0)
Determines the peak sharpness of the low frequency equalizer.
The bigger the value, the more the frequency set in
LowFrq can be emphasized.
HigLvl (High Level: 0 ~ 100)
HigFrq (High Frequency: 400Hz ~ 10kHz)
HigQ (High Q: 0.2 ~ 2.0)
Sets the high frequency equalizer. Refer to
and
Attack (Attack Time: 1.0 ~ 20)
The attack time sets the strength of the input signal attack.
The smaller the value, the shorter is the attack. If you want to
heighten the attack during the picking of the guitar, etc., set
the value bigger so that even if you pick hard on the guitar,
attack can be added to each sound effect.
CmpLvl (Compressor Level:
-30dB ~ +12db)
The parameter sets the output level to the distortion.
DstTyp (Dist. Type: Dist. 1 ~ Crunch)
Choose the distortion type.
Dist. 1 : Typical distortion sound
Dist. 2 : Fusion, solo mellow distortion sound.
Ovdr. 1 : Typical over-drive sound
Ovdr. 2 : Vacuum tube amplifier sound-alike over-driver.
Crunch : Produces crunch sound
Drive (Drive: 0 - 100)
Sets the strength of the distortion. The bigger the value, the
more distorted the drive is.
Tone (Tone: -30 ~ +30)
Sets the sound quality of the distortion. The bigger the value,
the more the distortion is in the high frequency and the
smaller the value, the more the distortion is cut off in the high
frequency.
N.Gate (Noise Gate Level: 0 ~ 20)
The signal set below a certain level will not be passed.
This parameter provides the convenience by cutting any noise
when there is no signal. The bigger the value, the bigger the
signal will be cut.
DstLvl (Dist. Level:
-30dB ~ +6dB)
Sets the output level to the 2-band parametric equalizer.
23
PROGRAM MAIN EFFECT PARAMETERS
This section includes brief descriptions of each of the SPX990 basic effect as well as descriptions of
the parameters available in each effect. In the earlier parts, we have explained about pre and post effect parameters and now, we will devote ourselves to the main effect parameters.
There are 80 preset memory programs in the SPX990.
The main effect parameters are divided into several groups of programs:
REVERB PROGRAMS
• Reverb (Reverb)
8. CONCERT HALL
10. VOCAL PLATE
14. ARENA
• Filtered Reverb (FiltRev)
1. AMBIENCE
6. BRIGHT HALL
7. BREATHY REVERB
12. PRESENCE REVERB
13. SNARE PLATE
16. OLD PLATE
20. BRIGHT SNARE
24. STONE ROOM
26. BLATTY PLATE
32. DRUMMACH.AMB.L
• Stereo Reverb (St.Rev)
2. STEREO HALL
5. VOCAL CHAMBER
15. THIN PLATE
31. DRUM MACH. AMB.S
79. FOREVERVERB
• Echo Room (EchRoom)
11. ECHO ROOM
18. WOOD ROOM
21. SQUASH ROOM
22. BAMBOO ROOM
78. TUNNEL
ER (EARLY REFLECTION) PROGRAMS
• Thin Early Reflection (ThinER)
23. REFLECTIONS
70. DIST. PERCUSSION
71. DISTORTION 1
• Fat Early Reflection (FatER)
17. FAT REFLECTIONS
• Gate Reverb (GateRev)
19. BIG SNARE
25. CONCRETE ROOM
27. FULL METAL GATE
28. HARD GATE
• Reverse Gate (Reverse)
29. REVERSE GATE
30. REVERSE PURPLE
33. ELECT.SNR PLATE
24
DELAY, ECHO PROGRAMS
• Delay L, C, R (Dly-LCR)
36. DELAY L,C,R
76. IRON MAN
• Echo (Echo)
75. ON THE PHONE
• Multi Tap Delay (MIt.Tap)
39. MULTI TAP DELAY
• Stereo Echo (StEcho)
40. KARAOKE ECHO
• Tempo Mono Delay (TmpEch1)
38. 120 BPM MONO DLY
• Tempo Stereo Echo (TmpEch2)
37. 120 BPM PAN DDL
• Tempo Quad Echo (TmpEch4)
34. SYNC DELAY
MOD (MODULATION) PROGRAMS
• Flanger (Flanger)
65. UP DOWN FLANGE
77. RADIO BLAG
• Dual Flanger (DualFIg)
64. DETUNE CHORUS
• FM. Chorus (FM.Cho)
62. CLASSY GLASSY
• AM. Chorus (AM.Cho)
68. ROTARY SP.
• Phaser (Phaser)
61. STEREO PHASING
63. SILKY SWEEP
• Symphonic (Symphon)
57. SYMPHONIC
PITCH CHANGE PROGRAMS
• Mono Pitch Change (MonoPit)
49. ROGER ON THE 12
52. INTELLICHORD MON
• Dual Pitch Change (Dual Pit)
35. VOICE DOUBLER
41. GOODOLP.CHANGE
42. VOCAL SHIFT
43. AIRY PITCH
44. ANALOGUE SLAP
46. "LOW" SNARE
47. HALO COMB
48. GRUMPY FLUTTER
50. TWISTER
51. BOTTOM WHACKER
53. INTELLICHORD DUA
55. PITCH SLAP
60. BASS CHORUS
• Triple Pitch Change (TripPit)
45. FAT BASS
54. INTELLICHORD TRI
• Stereo Pitch Change (StPitch)
56. STEREO PITCH
PAN PROGRAMS
• Auto Pan (Auto Pan)
67. TREMOLO
72. PAN
• Triggered Pan (TrigPan)
73. TRIGGERED PAN
MULTI-EFFECT PROGRAMS
• Chorus & Reverb (Cho&Rev)
59. CHORUS & REVERB
• Symphonic & Reverb (Sym&Rev)
58. GTRSYMECHO
• Flanger & Reverb (Flg&Rev)
9. REVERB FLANGE
• Reverb (L) / Reverb (R) (Rev/Rev)
4. PLATE HALL
• ER (L) / Reverb (R) (ER/Rev)
3. DRUM CHAMBER
• Echo (L) / Reverb (R) (Ech/Rev)
80. SILVERHEART
• Chorus (L) / Reverb (R) (Cho/Rev)
66. UNDERWATER MOON
• Pan (L) / Pan (R) (Pan/Pan)
74. PAN/PAN
FREEZE PROGRAM
• Freeze (Freeze)
69. FREEZE
REVERB EFFECTS
Reverberation is the warm musical "ambience" you experience
when listening to music in a hall or other properly-designed
acoustic environment. "Reverb", "FiltRev" and "EchRoom"
effects combine with the gate program to control REV output
gate. You can vary the length of time it takes for the level of
reverberation to decrease.
Density (Density: 1 ~ 4)
This parameter determines the density of the reverb reflections
(i.e. the average amount of time between reflections). A
setting of 1 produces minimum reverb density for a more
spacious sound, while a setting of 4 produces the most dense,
"tightest" reverberation.
Main effect name
LCD display
In/out
Reverb
(Reverb)
1in/2out
RevDIy (Reverb Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 100.0msec)
Sets the delay time between the beginning of the early
reflections -the initial group of sparse reflections that precede
the dense reverb sound and the beginning of the reverb sound.
Parameters
RevTyp (Reverb Type: Hall, Room, Vocal, Plate)
Hall
: a simulating type of reverberation you would
experience in a hall.
Room : a simulating type of reverberation you would
experience in a smaller room.
Vocal : a reverb effect ideally suited to vocals.
Plate : a type reverberation produced artificially by a
plate reverberator.
RevTime (Reverb Time: 0.3sec ~ 480.0sec)
The length of time it takes for the level of reverberation at
1kHz to decrease by +60dB virtually to silence. In a live
setting, this depends on several factors: room size, room
shape, type of reflective surfaces. The longer the time, the
longer it takes for the level of reverberation to decrease to
silence.
HiRatio (High Ratio: RevTime x0.1 ~ x1.0)
Reduces the reverb time of the high frequency in relation to
the overall reverb time. Higher values produce longer, highfrequency reverb time, gradually approaching the overall
reverb time.
IniDly (Initial Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 200.0sec)
This represents the time delay between the direct sound of an
instrument in a concert hall and the first of the many reflections that make up reverberation.
Er/Rev (Early Reflection/Reverb Balance: 0% ~ 100%)
This parameter determines the level balance between the
early- reflection portion and final reverberation portion of the
reverb sound. At 100%, only the early-reflection sound will be
produced. At 0%, only the final reverberation sound will be
produced. A setting of about 50% produces both the earlyreflection and final reverberation sounds at equal level.
HPF (High Pass Filter Frequency: THRU, 32Hz ~
1.0kHz)
Permits rolling off the low frequency content of the reverb
signal above the set frequency. The HPF is OFF when set to
THRU.
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1kHz ~ 16kHz, THRU)
Permits rolling off the high frequency content of the reverb
signal above the set frequency. The LPF is OFF when set at
THRU.
TrgLvl (Trigger Level: 0 ~ 100)
Determines the level of the input signal required to trigger
"opening" of the reverb program gate. At 100%, very high
level input signals will trigger the gate. Set your own value
when inputing the signal.
TrgDIy (Trigger Delay Time: -100.0msec ~ 100.0msec)
Determines the time at which the gate is triggered and that at
which it actually opens.
Hold (Hold Time: 1msec ~ 24000msec)
Determines how long the gate stays open, allowing the signal
to pass.
Release (Release Time: 3msec ~ 24000msec)
Determines how long it takes for the gate to close fully after
the HOLD TIME has ended.
Diffuse (Diffusion: 0 ~ 10)
The complexity of the many reflections that make up reverberation varies according to the shape of the room and its
contents. As the value is increased, the complexity of the
reflections increases producing a thicker, richer sound.
MidiTrg (MIDI Trigger: ON, OFF)
When this parameter is at ON, a key ON EVENT message
from an external MIDI keyboard can be used to trigger the
gate. A KEY ON EVENT message is transmitted whenever a
note on a MIDI keyboard is played.
25
Filtered Reverb (FiltRev)
1in/2out
It is a reverberation that alter the reverb time of the high and low
frequency sound.
Stereo Reverb (St.Rev)
2in/2out
The stereo reverb program produces the reverb sound and input
sound independently for the left and right channel signals.
Parameters
RevTyp (Reverb Type: Hall, Room, Vocal, Plate)
RevTime (Reverb Time: O.3sec ~ 480.0sec)
IniDly (Initial Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 200.0msec)
Diffuse (Diffusion: 0 ~ 10)
Density (Density: 0 ~ 10)
RevDIy (Reverb Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 100.0msec)
Er/Rev (Early Reflection/Reverb Balance: 0% ~ 100%)
HPF (High Pass Filter Frequency: THRU, 32Hz ~
1.0kHz)
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1kHz ~ 16kHz, THRU)
same as Reverb (Normal Reverb)
LoFrq (Low Control Frequency: 40Hz ~ 1 .0kHz)
This parameter determines the low frequency for the reverb
time. A value below the set value will bring about a low gain.
LoGain (Low Gain: 0.1 ~ 2:4)
Determines the low gain applied to the reverb time.
HiFrq (High Control Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 10kHz)
This parameter determines the high frequency for the reverb
time. A value above the set value will bring about a high gain.
HiGain (High Gain: 0.1 ~ 2,4)
Determines the high gain applied to the reverb time.
Parameters
RevTyp (Reverb Type: Hall, Room, Vocal, Plate)
RevTime (Reverb Time: 0.3sec ~ 480.0sec)
HiRatio (High Ratio: 0.1 ~ 1.0)
IniDly (Initial Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 100.0msec)
Same as "Reverb" effect.
InpMix (Input L-R MIX: 0 ~ 1 0 )
Sets the mix balance between the inputs of Lch and Rch. A
setting at 0 allows only Lch or Rch inputs. A setting of 10
combines the two inputs.
CrsDIy (Input Cross Delay: 0.1msec ~ 100.0ms)
Sets the delay time when Lch and Rch are mixed. Changes the
musical "Ambience" you experience when listening to music
in a hall.
Er/Rev (Early Reflection/Reverb Balance: 0% ~ 100%)
Density (Density: 1 ~ 4)
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1kHz ~ 16kHz, THRU)
Same as "Reverb" effect.
TrgLvl (Trigger Level: 0 ~ 100)
TrgDIy (Trigger Delay Time: -100.0msec ~ 100.0msec)
Hold (Hold Time: 1msec ~ 24000msec)
Release (Release Time: 3msec ~ 24000msec)
MidiTrg (MIDI Trigger: ON, OFF)
Same as "Reverb" effect.
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Echo Room (EchRoom)
1in/2out
This is a special type of reverberation in which you have extensive control over the room's dimension and other parameters.
Parameters
Rev Time (Reverb Time: 0.3sec ~ 480.0sec)
HiDump (High Dump: 0.1 ~ 1.0)
Same as Reverb (Normal Reverb).
IniDly (Initial Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 200.0msec)
This represents the time delay between the direct sound of an
instrument in a concert hall and the first of the many reflections that make up reverberation.
Width (Width: 0.5m ~ 100m)
Specified the WIDTH of the room in meter.
Height (Height: 0.5m ~ 100m)
Specified the HEIGHT of the room in meter.
Depth (Depth: 0.5m ~ 100.0m)
Specified the DEPTH of the room in meter.
WidDec (Width Decay: RevTime x0.1 ~ x10.0)
Among the REV components, this sets the reverberation time
of the REV components specified with WIDTH to a multiplier
value corresponding to the REV TIME. It simulates the
acoustic properties of the side walls.
Diffuse (Diffusion: 0 ~ 10)
Er/Rev (Early Reflection/Reverb Balance: 0% ~ 100%)
RevDIy (Reverb Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 100.0msec)
Density (Density: 0 ~ 4)
HPF (High Pass Filter Frequency: THRU, 32Hz ~
1.0kHz)
Lpf (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1kHz ~ 16kHz, THRU)
Same as "Reverb" effect.
WidFin (Width Fine: -100 ~ +100)
HeiFin (Height Fine: -100 ~ +100)
DepFin (Depth Fine: -100 ~ +100)
WalFin (Wall Vary Fine: -100 ~ +100)
This sets each of the value specified with WIDTH, HEIGHT,
DEPTH and WALL VARY as the reference value (0) and is
the parameter for further fine adjustment.
TrgLvl (Trigger Level: 0 ~ 1 0 0 )
TrgDIy (Trigger Delay Time: -100.0msec ~ 100.0msec)
Hold (Hold Time: 1 msec ~ 24000msec)
Release (Release Time: 3msec ~ 24000msec)
MidiTrg (MIDI Trigger: ON, OFF)
Same as "Reverb" effect.
HeiDec (Height Decay: RevTime x0.1 ~ x10.0)
DepDec (Depth Decay: RevTime x0.1 ~ x10.0)
In the same way as for Width Decay, this sets a multiplier
value corresponding to REV TIME for reverberation time felt
in relation to the HEIGHT (vertical direction) in the height
direction and that felt for the DEPTH in the front-to-back
direction. It also simulates the acoustic properties of the walls
in the vertical and front-to-back directions.
Wall (Wall Vary: 0 ~ 30)
This sets each of the value specified with WALL VARY as
the reference value (0) and is the parameter for further fine
adjustment.
Lis.Pos (Listening Position: FRONT, CENT., REAR)
Sets the position where the listener is supposed to be seated.
27
GATE
The reverb time of SPX990 can be set at a max. time of
480sec. When combines with GATE, this reverb time which
remains long can produce a sound that has a short fade-out
effect. The "GateRev" effect applies the early reflection while
the reverb effect combines with GATE applies the reverb
sound to produce a better sound quality and sharper sound by
cutting the reverb sound halfway. Thus the combination of the
reverb effect and GATE can provide us the convenience of
many usages. GATE is a kind of switch which controls the
signal input and opening and closing of the gate . Thus, the
gate is opened when the signal passed through and closed
when the signal is cut.
TRIGGER
The gate will opened by any triggers. The trigger is mainly
the strength of signals. The gate opens to let the signal pass
when the signal strength is higher than a certain level and
closes to stop the signal when the signal strength is lower than
the level. TrigLvl can determine the level.
Hold and Release
A sound with the very short signal will pass the gate at a
small level immediately if it exceeded TrigLvl and the gate
will be open only during that time. During the time of Hold,
however, the gate can remain open even after the strength gets
weaker. If the signal strength remains stronger than a certain
level, it works as a re-trigger and the gate can also remain
open during the time. Also, the time when the gate starts to
close and when it closes completely can be set longer for the
slow fade-out sound. This can be done by the Release
function.
TrgDIy
When the parameter TrgDly is set at 0, the gate opens after
the initial delay since the input signal exceeds TrgLvl. When
TrgDly > 0, the gate opens after the time prior from the initial
delay.
A setting of minus value for TrgDly will open the gate before
the initial delay. This is effective for slow-starting input.
When TrgDly is minus value and the absolute value is bigger
than that of the initial delay, the gate opens before the signal
level reaches TrgDly by letting the signal sound itself be
delayed.
OTHER TRIGGERS
Triggering by signal strength is not the only way to open the
gate but a trigger by foot switch connected to the trigger
terminal on the rear panel and a trigger by MIDI NOTE ON
are other ways. For instance, if TrgLvl = 100 is set, signal
cannot be transmitted as the trigger does not work even if a
strongest signal comes. But if MIDI NOTE ON signal is sent
or the TRIGGER ON operation is done by foot switch, the
gate will open during the time set by Hold to let the signal be
transmitted. At this moment the setting of Release is also
effective.
MidiTrg must set at ON if you use a trigger from MIDI.
28
NOTE: When TrgDly is set at 0, the gate will always remain
open. Here, other trigger sources (TRIGGER FOOT
SWITCH, MIDI NOTE ON) are not effective.
If triggers occur continuously from other trigger sources when
the TrgDly is higher than a certain level and the gate is
closed, the gate may remain open because the gate is controlled by other trigger sources and the opening time of the gate
is determined by setting of Hold, therefore if a trigger is done
during the Hold time it is considered as a re-trigger and the
gate will remain open by continuous triggers.
ER (EARLY REFLECTION) EFFECTS
ER effects are created using different groupings of "Early
Reflection" the first cluster of reflections that occurs after the
direct sound but before the dense reflections that are know as
reverberation begin. This produces interesting results in the drum,
permission , guitar and some other brass instruments.
Live (Liveness: 0 ~ 10)
"Liveness" refers to the rate at which the reflected sounds
fade. An acoustically "dead" room is simulated by setting this
parameter to zero. Increasing the value of this parameter
creates an increasing "live"sound, simulating an increasing
area of reflective surfaces in the room.
Diffuse (Diffusion: 0 ~ 1 0 )
Refers to the clearness of the sound. As the value is increased,
the complexity of the reflections increases producing a thicker
and richer sound.
IniDly (Initial Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 400msec)
Initial delay is the time between the beginning of the direct
sound and the beginning of the early reflection.
Thin Early Reflection (ThinER)
1in/2out
Fat Early Reflection (FalER)
1in/2out
The "ThinER" effect has a low density whereas the "FatER"
effect has a high effect.
Gate Reverb (GateRev)
1in/2out
The gate reverb program combines reverb with a 'gate' that has
programmable threshold and release time parameters. All other
parameters are the same as those in the reverb effect.
Reverse Gate (Reverse)
1in/2out
This program has the reverb effect to reverse the gate.
Parameters:
ErType (Early Reflection Type)
Selects the ER patterns. Since the sound level depends on
these patterns, this parameter sets an important base for
editing a program.
[ThinER]
[FatER]
S-Hall (SmallHall), L-Hall (Large Hall), Random,
Reverse, Plate, Spring
[Gate Rev]
Type-A, Type-B
[Reverse]
Type-A, Type-B
Room (Room Size: 0.1 ~ 25.0)
This parameter sets the time intervals between the early
reflections and a feature of natural early reflections which is
directly proportional to the size of the room.
HPF (High Pass Filter Frequency: THRU, 32Hz ~ 1.0kHz)
Permits rolling off the low frequency content of the reverb
signal above the set frequency. The HPF is OFF when set to
THRU.
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz, THRU)
Permits rolling off the high frequency content of the reverb
signal above the set frequency. The LPF is OFF when set to
THRU.
Er Number (Early Reflection Number: 1 ~ 19)
This parameter directly sets the number of early reflections
produced from 1 to 19.
FbDly (Feed Back Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 900msec)
The parameter sets a delay time between the beginning of the
original early reflections and the first of the repeats caused by
feedback. Shorter FbDly times simply thicken the early
reflection sound while longer FbDly times can create extended
or repeated early reflection effects.
FbGain (Feed Back Gain: -99% ~ +99%)
The parameter determines how many times (for how long) the
early reflection are repeated. The lower the setting, the lesser
is the feed back.
FbHigh (High Frequency Feed Back Gain: 0.1 ~ 1.0)
The parameter determines how much of the high frequency
content of the original early reflections is fed back. The lower
the setting, the less of the original high frequencies are fed
back. This causes a gradual decrease in high frequency
content at each repeat.
Density (Density: 0 ~ 3 , "FatER" effect 1 ~ 3)
This parameter determines the density of the reverb reflections
(i.e. the average amount of time between reflections.) A
setting of 0 or 1 produces minimum reverb density for a more
spacious sound, while a setting of 3 produces the most dense,
"tightest" reverberation. There is no density parameter for
"ThinER".
29
DELAY, ECHO EFFECTS
Delay L, C, R (Dly-LCR)
1in/2out
These sophisticated delay effects offer independently variable
left, center and right channel delays. There are two types of feed
back stereo delays.
Parameters
L.Dly (Lch Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 1480.0msec)
R.Dly (Rch Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 1480.0msec)
C.Dly (Center ch Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 1480msec)
These parameters individually set the time between the direct
sound of the instrument and the first repeat heard from the
left, right and center channels.
Fb2Dly (Feed Back 2 Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 1480.0msec)
Fb2Gain (Feed Back 2 Gain: -99% ~ +99%)
Sets the amount of Fb2 fed back to the input of the processor.
The higher the feedback gain setting, the greater the number
of delayed repeats produced by the corresponding feedback
loop.
C.Lvl (Center ch Delay Level: -200% ~ +200%)
Adjusts the level of the center-channel delay signal. A minus
value produces the reverse phase result.
Fb1Dly (FeedBack 1 Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 1480msec)
Feedback refers to the repeated pattern of 3 delay sounds. The
diagram below shows the setting of interval among the
repeated pattern of the 3 delay sounds. You can set 2
feedbacks and the diagram above shows 1 form of feedback.
Fb1Dly is one of the delay times between 2 feedbacks.
NOTE: Since the sound effect is influenced by Fb1 and Fb2, the
interference of Fb1 and Fb2 creates an interesting sound.
NOTE: Be sure not to allow the gains of Fb1 and Fb2 to exceed
100%.
High (High Frequency Feed Back Gain: 0.1 ~ 1.0)
Controls feedback Fb1 and Fb2 in the high frequency range.
The high frequency feedback is reduced as the value of this
parameter is decreased.
HPF (High Pass Filter Frequency: THRU, 32Hz ~ 1.0kHz)
Permits rolling off the low frequency contents of the reverb
signal above the set frequency. The HPF is OFF when set to
THRU.
Fb1Gain (Feed Back 1 Gain: -99% ~ +99%)
Sets the amount of Fb1 fed back to the input of the processor.
The higher the feedback gain setting, the greater the number
of delayed repeats produced by the corresponding feedback
loop.
30
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz,
THRU)
Permits rolling off high frequency content of the reverb signal
above the set frequency. The LPF is OFF when set to THRU.
Echo (Echo)
1in/2out
The echo effect offers independently variable left and right echo
intervals.
Parameters
L.FbDIy (Lch Peed Back Delay: 0.1msec ~ 740.0msec)
Sets the time between the echo sound and the first repeat
heard from the left channel.
L.Fb (Lch Feed Back Gain: -99% ~ +99%)
Individually set the amount of the left channel echo signal fed
back to the left channel input of the processor. The lower the
feedback gain setting, the smaller the number of echo repeats
produced by the feedback loop.
HPF (High Pass Filter Frequency; THRU, 32Hz ~ 1.0kHz)
Permits rolling off the low frequency content of the reverb
signal above the set frequency. The HPF is OFF when set to
THRU.
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz, THRU)
Permits rolling off the high frequency content of the reverb
signal above the set frequency . The LPF is OFF when set to
THRU.
R.FbDIy (Rch Feed Back Delay: 0.1msec ~ 740.0msec)
Sets the time between the echo sound and the first repeat
heard from the right channel.
R.Fb (Rch Feed Back Gain: -99% ~ +99%)
Individually set the amount of the right channel echo signal
fed back to the right channel input of the processor. The
higher the feedback gain setting, the greater the number of
echo repeats produced by the feedback loop.
High (High Frequency Feed Back Gain: x0.1 ~ x1.0)
Controls feedback amount of L.Fb and R.Fb in the high
frequency range. Sets the amount of the left channel echo
signal to be fed back to the left channel input of the processor.
The lower the feedback gain setting, the smaller the number of
echo repeats produced by the feedback loop.
L.lnDly (Lch Initial Delay: 0.1msec ~ 740.0msec)
R.lnDly (Rch Initial Delay: 0.1msec ~ 740.0msec)
These parameters individually set the time between the direct
sound of the instrument and the first repeat heard from the left
and right channel.
31
Mulli Tap Delay (MIt. Tap)
1in/2out
This is a multi-tap delay effect in which the time, stereo position
and level of up to 6 separate delays can be individually programmed.
Parameters
Delay1 (Delay1 0.1msec ~ 1480.0msec)
The first delay time. The time when the first tap delay sound
occurs.
Level1 (Level1: -100% ~- +100%)
The output level of the first tap delay sound. A minus value
produces a reverse-phase delay sound.
Pan1 (Pan1: 100/0 ~ 0/100)
Sets the stereo position of this first tap delay sound. A setting
at 100/0 positions the sound all the way to the left. 0/100
delays sound to the right and 50/50 delays sound at the center.
Delay2 (Delay2: 0.1msec ~ 1480.0msec)
Level2 (Level2: -100% ~ +100%)
Pan2(Pan2: 100/0 ~0/100)
Sets the second tap delay sound.
Delay3 (Delay3: 0.1msec ~ 1480.0msec)
Level3 (Levels: -100% ~ +100%)
Pan3 (Pan3: 100/0~0/100)
Sets the third tap delay sound.
Delay4 (Delay4: 0.1msec ~ 1480.0msec)
Level4 (Level4: -100% ~ +100%)
Pan4 (Pan4: 100/0 ~ 0/100)
Sets the fourth tap delay sound.
Delay5 (Delay5: 0.1msec ~ 1480.0msec)
Level5 (Level5: -100% ~ +100%)
Pan5 (Pan5: 100/0 ~ 0/100)
Sets the fifth tap delay sound.
Delay6 (Delay6: 0.1msec ~ 1480.0msec)
Level6 (Level6: -100% ~ +100%)
Pan6 (Pan6: 100/0 ~0/100)
Sets the sixth tap delay sound.
32
FbDly (Feed Back Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 1480msec)
Sets the delay time when the feedback delay sound occurs.
FbGain (Feed Back Gain: -99% ~ 99%)
Sets the output level of the feedback delay sound.
High (High Frequency Feed Back Gain: x0.1 ~ x1.0)
Sets the cut-off frequency of the high frequency applied to the
feedback signal.
HPF (High Pass Filter Frequency: THRU, 32Hz ~ 1.0kHz)
Permits rolling off the low frequency content of the reverb
signal above the set frequency. The HPF is OFF when set to
THRU.
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz, THRU)
Permits rolling off the high frequency content of the reverb
signal above the set frequency. The LPF is OFF when set at
THRU.
Stereo Echo (St. Echo)
2in/2out
The stereo echo effect offers independently variable left and right
channel initial delays and echo intervals.
Parameters
L.Dly (Lch Feed Back Delay: 0.1msec ~ 740.0msec)
Sets the time between the echo sound and the first repeat
heard from the left channel.
L.Fb (Lch Feed Back Gain: -99% ~ +99%)
Individually sets the amount of the left channel echo signal
fed back to the left channel input of the processor. The lower
the feedback gain setting, the smaller the number of echo
repeats produced for the corresponding channel.
LLvl (Lch Level: -100% ~ +100%)
Sets the output level of the echo sound from the left channel.
R.Dly (Rch Feed Back Delay: 0.1msec ~ 740.0msec)
Sets the time between the echo sound and the first repeat from
the right channel.
R.Fb (Rch Feed Back Gain: -99% ~ 99%)
Individually sets the amount of the right channel echo signal
fed back to the right channel input of the processor. The lower
the feedback gain setting, the smaller the number of delayed
repeats produced for the corresponding channel.
L.High (Lch High Frequency Feed Back Gain: x0.1 ~ x1.0)
Controls feedback in the high frequency range from L.Fb to
R.Fb. The high frequency feedback is reduced as the value of
this parameter is decreased.
R.High (Rch High Frequency Feed Back Gain: x0.1 ~ x1.0)
Controls feedback in the low frequency range from R.Fb to
L.Fb. The lower frequency feedback is reduced as the value of
this parameter is decreased.
HPF (High Pass Filter Frequency: THRU, 32Hz ~ 1.0kHz)
Permits rolling off the low frequency content of the reverb
signal above the set frequency. The HPF is OFF when set to
THRU.
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz, THRU)
Permits rolling off the high frequency content of the reverb
signal above the set frequency. The LPF is OFF when set at
THRU.
NOTE: Be sure not to increase the value of Feedbacks beyond its
limit or a wild sweeping sound will be produced.
R.Lvl (Rch level: -100% ~ 100%)
Sets the output level of the echo sound from the right channel.
R Cross Feed Back: -99% ~ +99%)
Sets the echo sound from the left channel output to be fed
back to the right channel input.
L Cross Feed Back: -99% ~ +99%)
Sets the echo sound from the right channel output to be fed
back to the left channel input.
33
As the delay time of the following three effects can be determined by parameters of "Tempo" and "Note", you can easily
adjust the delay time to the music tempo.
1in/2out
Tempo Mono Delay (TmpEch1)
Determines single delay of stereo-out.
Tempo Stereo Echo (TmpEch2)
2in/2out
Determines stereo echo of completely independent Lch and Rch.
TAP INPUT
You can set the delay time suitable for the music tempo in
intervals by pressing soft keys or foot switch twice. For instance,
you have only to press the foot switch for just one beat to the
music tempo to produce the right delay time of one beat matching the music tempo. In this case, you don't have to set parameter on Edit Mode.
In fact, the delay time is not directly set, but rather the "Tempo"
parameter is set by the Tap Input. The delay time is determined
by the "Tempo" and the preset "Note".
2in/2out
Tempo Quad Echo (TmpEch4)
This enables only one delay machine to produce the effect which
has been produced by four delay machines so far. Two couples of
machines can control four delay lines.
How to input the "TEMPO" parameter
The following are five ways to input "TEMPO" parameter.
If you execute the Tap Input operation when "TapKey" appears,
the bar graphs will be displayed on the LCD. It shows how many
msecs have passed since you started Tap Input and displays 250
msecs per character (50 msecs per dot). However, note that the
bar graphs will disappear when it exceeds delay time set.
Tap input by function
and
• Manual Input
Like the other parameter, set the parameter by numeral value
on the Parameter Edit Mode.
• Tap Input (by Function Keys)
Set the parameter by the interval between the function key
pressed two times on the Parameter Edit Mode.
• Tap Input (by Footswitch)
Set the parameter by pressing the footswitch which is connected to the back panel's "Trigger" terminal twice.
• MIDI Clock Input
Set the music tempo by MIDI clock.
• MIDI Control Change
Like the other parameter, set parameter by control change.
You can choose to input by setting "Trig." parameter.
Tap Input by Foot Switch
SETTING OF "Trig." PARAMETER
MANUAL INPUT
TAP INPUT (by FUNCTION KEY)
TAP INPUT (by FOOT SWITCH)
MIDI CLOCK INPUT
MIDI CONTROL CHANGE
34
OFF
TAP
MIDI
0
0
X
0
x
x
0
x
0
x
x
0
0
0
0
Keys
Tempo Mono Delay (TmpEch1)
1in/2out
Parameters
Tempo (Tempo: = 41 ~ 250)
Indicates the numbers of a quarter note which are played in
one minute (beat/minute).
Note
Determines the length of sound by notes. The delay time is
expressed by the length of an eighth note when the tempo =
100. The actual delay time is calculated and indicated as a
parameter in Time.
Time (Time: 10msec)
The delay time calculated in Tempo and Note is
indicated. The delay time can be adjusted in the ranee of
msec.
If the delay time set (indicated) here equals to the delay time
calculated in Tempo and Note (if the adjusted value is 0
msec), - will be indicated on the left side of the parameter.
If the value calculated is greater than the delay time set,
will appear and
will appear for a lesser value.
NOTE: This value is stored even if the parameter of "Tempo"
and "Note" is changed.
FbGain (Feed Back Gain: -99 ~ +99)
Sets the ouput level of the feedback delay sound.
High (High Frequency Feed Back Gain: x0.1 ~ x1.0)
Controls the feedback amount of Fb in the high frequency
range. Sets the amount of delay sound to be fed back to the
input of the processor. The lower the feedback gain setting,
the smaller the number of delay repeats produced by the
feedback loop. A minus value produces the reverse phase
result.
Diffuse (Diffusion: 0 ~ 10)
Controls the loudness and clearness of the sound. As the
diffusion value is increased, a thicker and richer sound is
produced.
L/R Bal (Lch/Rch Balance: 100/00 ~ 00/100)
Sets the sound balance of the stereo. A setting at 100/0
positions the sound all the way to the left. 0/100 delays sound
to the right and 50/50 delays sound at the same level between
Lch and Rch. It is convenient to use this parameter to correct
the balance of sound when a delay sound is one-sided caused
by bigger parameter value of
Diffuse. You can also used
this parameter to set the desired delay sound balance.
Trig. (Trigger: OFF, TAP, MIDI)
Selects the input of the tempo parameter.
= 41 ~ 250)
Displays the "Tempo" inputed value by TapKey (function
key), footswitch or MIDI.
Tempo (Tempo:
TapKey
Sets the interval between the function key pressed twice when
the "Tempo" parameter is tap inputed by function
keys.
HPF (High Pass Filter Frequency: THRU, 32Hz ~ 1.0kHz)
Permits rolling off the low frequency content of the reverb
signal above the set frequency. The HPF is OFF when set at
THRU.
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz, THRU)
Permits rolling off the high frequency content of the reverb
signal above the set frequency. The LPF is OFF when set to
THRU.
35
Tempo Stereo Echo (TmpEch2)
2in/2out
Tempo Quad Echo (TmpEch4)
2in/2out
Parameters
Tempo (Tempo:
LNote (Lch Note:
R.Note (Rch Note:
L.Time (Lch Time:
RTime fRch Time:
Parameters
Tempo (Tempo: = 82 ~ 250)
L.Lvl (Lch Level: -100% ~ +100%)
R.Lvl (Rch Level: -100% ~ +100%)
Note1 (Note 1:
Note2 (Note 2:
LFb (Lch Feed Back Gain: -99% ~ +99%)
R.Fb (Rch Feed Back Gain: -99% ~ +99%)
Time1 (Time 1: 5msec)
Time2 (Time 2: 5msec)
L
R
Diffuse (Diffusion: 0 ~ 10)
R.Fb (L
LFb (R
R Cross Feed Back: -99% ~ +99%)
L Cross Peed Back: -99% ~ +99%)
L.High (Lch High Frequency Peed Back Gain: x0.1 ~
x1.0)
R.High (Rch High Frequency Feed Back Gain: x0.1 ~
x1.0)
Trig. (Trigger: OFF, TAP, MIDI)
Tempo (Tempo: = 82 ~ 250)
TapKey
HPF (High Pass Filter Frequency: THRU, 32Hz ~
1.0kHz)
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz,
THRU)
NOTE: This delay time of this effect can be set in Tempo, Note
or Time. See page 33 for "St. Echo" effect for the
definitions of parameters.
NOTE: Be sure not to raise the value of Feedback beyond set
value.
Levell (Level 1 : -100% ~ +100%)
Level2 (Level 2: -100% ~ +100%)
L/R Bal (Lch/Rch Balance: 100/00 ~ 00/100)
Fb1Gain (Feed Back 1 Gain: -99% ~ +99%)
Fb2Gain (Feed Back 2 Gain: -99% ~ +99%)
High (High Frequency Feed Back Gain: x0.1 ~ x1.0)
Trig. (Trigger: OFF, TAP, MIDI)
Tempo (Tempo: = 82 ~ 250)
TapKey
HPF (High Pass Filter Frequency: THRU, 32Hz ~
1.0kHz)
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz,
THRU)
NOTE: The parameter set by Note1 and Note2 is the same as
"TmpEch1" effect. See page 35 "TmpEch1" effect for the
definitions of parameters.
NOTE: Be sure not to set the value of feedback to beyond the set
value.
36
MOD (MODULATION) EFFECTS
When the different delay times of sound are mixed, the tone will
be changed by the phase difference. A tone change effect can be
produced by modulating the delay time and the level of delay
sound.
Flange (Flangar)
2in/2out
Dual Flange (DualFIg)
2in/2out
The flanging effect is produced by varying the delay between 2
identical signals, thus producing a complex varying "Comb
Filter" effect.
Parameters
ModFrq (Modulation Frequency: 0.05Hz ~ 40.0Hz)
Sets the speed of modulation and hence the rate at which the
effect varies.
Depth (1, 2)(Modulation Depth: 0% ~ 100%)
Sets the amount of delay time variation thus adjusting the
depth of the effect. A bigger value will give at deeper
modulation.
Delay (1, 2)(Modulation Delay Time: 0.1msec ~
100.0msec)
Sets the basic delay time from the initial direct sound to the
beginning of the flange effect. A setting of 1.0 msec and below
causes interference in the high frequency.
Phase (Phase: -180.0deg ~ +180.0deg)
Sets the phase between Modulation Delay 1 and 2.
FbGain (Feed Back Gain: 0% ~ 99%)
Determines the amount of flange signal to be fed back to the
input of the processor for further modulation. More feedback
increases the overall complexity, "strength" and decay time of
the effect.
InMode (Input Mode: Mix, Stereo)
Selects the input mode between the mixed sound of the left
and right channels and stereo source.
HPF (high Pass Filter Frequency: THRU, 32Hz ~ 1.0kHz)
Permits rolling off the low frequency content of the reverb
signal above the set frequency. The HPF is OFF when set to
THRU.
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz, THRU)
Permits the rolling off the high frequency content of the
reverb signal above the set frequency. The LPF is OFF when
set at THRU.
37
FM Chorus (FM.Cho)
2in/2out
The chorus effect combines delay time and amplitude modulation
to effectively thicken and add warmth to the sound.
Phaser (Phaser)
2in/2out
This is an excellent simulation of traditional "phaser" effect,
producing a gentle phase - shift sound that can be used to add
extra animation to a wider range of source signals.
Parameters
Parameters
ModFrq (Modulation Frequency: 0.05Hz ~ 40.0Hz)
Sets the speed of modulation and hence the rate at which the
chorus effect varies.
DM.Dep (Delay Time Modulation Depth: 0% ~ 100%)
Sets the amount of delay time variation between Lch and Rch,
thus adjusting the depth of the effect.
AM.Dep (Amplitude Modulation Depth: 0% ~ 100%)
Sets the depth of amplitude modulation. Higher values
produce deeper amplitude modulation.
InMode (Input Mode: Mix, Stereo)
Selects the input mode between the mixed sound of left and
right channels and stereo source.
HPF (High Pass Filter Frequency: THRU, 32Hz ~ 1.0kHz)
Sets the cutoff frequency of the high pass filter. The HPF is
OFF when set to THRU.
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz, THRU)
Sets the cutoff frequency of the low pass filter. The LPF is
OFF when set at THRU.
AM Chorus (AM.Cho)
2in/2out
This effect adds more modulation variations to the sound than
FM.Cho effect.
Parameters
ModFrq (Modulation Frequency: 0.05Hz ~ 40.0Hz)
Depth (Delay Time Modulation Depth: 0% ~ 100%)
InMode (Input Mode: Mix, Stereo)
HPF (High Pass Filter Frequency: THRU, 32Hz ~ 1.0kHz)
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz, THRU)
NOTE: See page 37 on "Flanger" effect for the definitions of
parameters.
38
ModFrq (Modulation Frequency: 0.05Hz ~ 40.0Hz)
Depth (Delay Time Modulation Depth: 0% ~ 100%)
Delay (Modulation Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 5.0msec)
InMode (Input Mode: Mix, Stereo)
HPF (High Pass Filter Frequency: THRU, 32Hz ~ 1.0kHz)
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz, THRU)
NOTE: See page 37 on "Flanger" effect for the definitions of
parameters.
Symphon (Symphonic)
2in/2out
This broad sweep effect adds a sense of scale to the sound than
the "FM.Cho" effect.
Parameters
ModFrq (Modulation Frequency: 0.05Hz ~ 40.0Hz)
Depth (Delay Time Modulation Depth: 0% ~ 100%)
InMode (Input Mode: Mix, Stereo)
HPF (High Pass Filter Frequency: THRU, 32Hz ~ 1.0kHz)
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz, THRU)
NOTE: See page 37 on "Flanger" effect for the definitions of
parameters.
PITCH CHANGE EFFECTS
When the sound of voice and musical instruments are inputed,
this effect produces the pitch change sound.
Mono Pitch Change, Dual Pitch Change and Triple Pitch Change
has an Intelligent Pitch function which can produce pitch shift
sound against the inputed sound according to a specified scale as
a chromatic harmony pitch change.
Mono Pitch Change (MonoPit)
Dorian
Wole Tone
1in/1out
The Mono Pitch program produces a single pitch-shifted note.
The pitch parameter can be varied while playing (e.g. using an
external controller) to provide a smooth real time pitch variation.
Pentatonic
Lydian
Parameters
Intelli (Intelligent: ON, OFF)
The switch for ON/OFF function of the intelligent function.
A setting at ON will display the intelligent function screen of
A setting at OFF will display a Chroand
matic Pitch Change screen of
Key (Key: C ~ B)
Determines the tone among the inputed sound.
The key set here is equivalent to the tonic of InNote to be set.
Scale (Scale Type)
Selects the type of scale among 12 sound. There are 7 sounds
in the preset effect and 2 sounds in the user memory scale.
NOTE: The sound of the preset scale is simply piled up
centering on 3-degree and 7-degree sound. Therefore,
we would like to recommend you to arrange the preset
sound to make your own user scale, taking into
account the balance of other musical instrument.
Preset Scale
Major
Blues
InNote (Input Note: Tonic ~ 7th)
Sets the input note.
Pitch (Pitch: Oct~ Oct)
Sets the necessary pitch to be changed for the input note.
Save To (User-Scale: 1,2)
The effect can be saved in the user-scale 1 or 2. Press any
function or key under "Yes" display to save or "No" to
cancel a program. Any program edited will not be saved if not
store when selecting other effects.
Source (Control Source: Signal, MIDI)
Selects between signal or MIDI'S NOTE ON message as a
control source.
Sense (Control Sense: 0 - 5 )
Sets the control sense of frequency input signal.
Tune (Tune: 438Hz - 445Hz)
Sets the tuning of the pitch-shift note.
Minor
39
Pitch (Pitch: Oct~ Oct)
This determines the musical interval between the pitch change
sound and original sound. You can specify it in the semi-tone
steps
produces one octave sound below and
produces one octave sound above "Unison" produces the
original sound.
This musical interval can become the pitch change sound
when feedback is applied. For instance, if you set this
parameter to
and apply feedback to this, C3 sound
can be inputed. The semi-tone steps will move up and echolike sound will be produced.
NOTE: Pitch is set at a range of ±octaves.
NOTE: If the Base Key parameter is set at OFF, pitch cannot be
controlled via the MIDI NOTE ON message.
NOTE: During MIDI NOTE ON message, the NOTE ON signal
controls the "Pitch" parameter.
Dual Pitch Change (DualPit)
1in/2out
The Dual Pitch Change program produces 2 pitch-shifted notes in
addition to the original input note. The two pitch-shifted notes
are independently fed to the left and right channel outputs for a
true stereo harmony effect.
Fine (Pitch Fine: -100 ~ +100)
Permits fine tuning of the first pitch shift note in the 1 cent
steps (1/100 pitch). A setting at +100 produces high pitch
sound higher that the set pitch in
Delay (Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 1200.0msec)
Determines the time delay between input of the original note
and the output of the first pitch-shifted note.
FbGain (Feed Back Gain: -99% ~ +99%)
Determines the amount of pitch change to be fed back into the
input of the processor. When this parameter is set at 0, only a
single pitch-shifted sound is produced after the delay time has
elapsed. As the value of this parameter is increased, more and
more delayed repeats are produced.
Base Key (Base Key: OFF, C1 ~ C6)
This parameter sets the Base Keys for an external MIDI
synthesizer used to control the PITCH parameter.
By the MIDI NOTE ON message, pitch change can be
controlled. If, for example, the Base Key is set to C4, pressing
the C3 key on the synthesizer will set the pitch change note.
Parameters
Intelli (Intelligent: ON, OFF)
The switch for ON/OFF function of the intelligent device. A
setting of ON will display on the intelligent function screen of
and a setting of OFF will display a Chromatic Pitch Change screen of
Key (Key: C ~ B)
Scale (Scale Type)
InNote (Input Note: Tonic ~ 7th)
Pitch 1 (Pitch 1 :
Pitch2 (Pitch 2:
OctOct~
Oct)
Oct)
Save To (User-Scale: 1 , 2)
Source (Control Source: Signal, MIDI)
Sense (Control Sense: 0 ~ 5)
Tune (Tune: 438Hz ~ 445Hz)
Pitch 1 (Pitch 1 :
Pitch2 (Pitch 2:
Oct~
Oct~
Oct)
Oct)
Fine1 (Pitch Pine 1: -100 ~ +100)
Fine2 (Pitch Fine 2: -100 ~ +100)
Delay 1 (Delay Time 1: 0.1msec ~ 650.0msec)
Delay2 (Delay Time 2: 0.1msec ~ 650.0msec)
Fb1Gain (Feed Back 1 Gain: -99% ~ +99%)
Fb2Gain (Feed Back 2 Gain: -99% ~ +99%)
40
Level1 (Level 1:0% ~ 100%)
Level2 (Level 2: 0% ~ 100%)
Sets the parameters same as "MonoPit" effect for Pitch 1 and
Pitch2.
Pan1 (Pan 1:100/0-0/100)
Pan2(Pan2: 100/0~0/100)
Sets the parameters for Pitch 1 and Pitch2 individually. A
setting of 100/0 positions the sound to the left. A setting of 0/
100 positions the sound to the right and 50/50 positions the
sound in the center.
Oct~
Oct~
Oct~
Oct)
Oct)
Oct)
Fine1 (Pitch Fine 1 : -100 ~ +100)
Fine2 (Pitch Fine 2: -100 ~ +100)
Fine3 (Pitch Fine 3: -100 ~ +100)
Delay1 (Delay Time 1 : 0.1msec ~ 1400msec)
Delay2 (Delay Time 2: 0.1msec ~ 1400msec)
Delay3 (Delay Time 3: 0.1msec ~ 1400msec)
Level1 (Level 1 : 0 % ~ 100%)
Level2 (Level 2: 0% ~ 100%)
Level3 (Level 3: 0% ~ 100%)
Base Key (Base Key: OFF, C1 ~ C6)
This is the same as "MonoPit" effect.
NOTE: Refer to the "MonoPit" effect on P.39 for the definitions
of parameters.
Triple Pitch Change (TripPit)
Pitch 1 (Pitch 1:
Pitch2 (Pitch 2:
Pitch3 (Pitch 3:
1in/2out
This effect produces three independent pitch-shifted notes in
addition to the original note, making it possible to produce
automatic four part harmonies. There is no feedback here.
Pan1 (Pan 1 : 100/0 ~0/100)
Pan2 (Pan 2: 100/0 ~ 0/100)
Pan3(Pan 3: 100/0-0/100)
Sets the same parameter as "MonoPit" and "DualPit" effect
for Pitch1,Pitch2 and Pitch3.
Base Key (Base Key: OFF, C1 ~ C6)
NOTE: Refer to the "MonoPit" effect on P. 39 and "DualPit"
effect on P. 40 for the definitions of parameters.
Parameters
Intelli (Intelligent: ON,OFF)
The switch for ON/OFF function of the Intelligent.
A setting at ON will display the Intelligent function screen of
A setting at OFF will display the
and
Chromatic Pitch Change screen of
Key (Key: C ~ B)
Scale (Scale Type)
InNote (Incut Note: Tonic ~ 7th)
Pitch 1 (Pitch 1:
Pitch2 (Pitch 2:
Pitch3 (Pitch 3:
Oct~
Oct~
Oct~
Oct)
Oct)
Oct)
Save To (User-Scale: 1 , 2)
Source (Control Source: Signal, MIDI)
Sense (Control Sense: 0 ~ 5)
Tune (Tune: 438Hz ~ 445Hz
41
Stereo Pitch Change (StPitch)
2in/2out
The Stereo Pitch Change programs produces a smooth pitch shift
effect rather than an abrupt shift from note to note. The parameters affect both the left and right channels simultaneously.
PAN EFFECTS
Auto Pan (AutoPan)
1in/2out
This ia a very sophisticated pan program that allows creation of
"rotary" pan in addition to straightforward pan effect.
Parameters
Parameters
R,L
Type (Pan Type: L R,L
R, L-TURN, RTURN)
Determines the direction in which the sound sweeps across the
stereo sound field. The L-TURN and R-TURN parameters
produce a pan which seems to rotate toward and away from
the listener in the specified direction.
Oct~
Oct)
Pitch (Pitch:
Determines the musical interval between the pitch change
sound and original sound. This musical interval can become
the pitch change sound when feedback is applied.
Fine (Pitch Fine:-100 ~+100)
Permit fine tuning of the pitch shifted note in 1-cent steps (1/
100 pitch).
Delay (Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 650.0msec)
Determine the time delay between input of the original note
and output of the pitch shifted note.
FbGain (Feed Back Gain: -99% ~ +99%)
Determines the amount of pitch change to be fed back into the
input of the processor.
When this parameter is set to 0, only a single pitch shifted
sound is produced after the delay time has elapsed. As the
value of this parameter is increased, more and more delayed
repeats are produced.
Base Key (Base Key: OFF, C1 ~ C6)
Same as the "MonoPit" effect.
NOTE: During the MIDI NOTE ON message, the NOTE ON
signal controls the Pitch change.
NOTE: The pitch is changed gradually and smoothly during
STEREO PITCH CHANGE.
Speed (Speed: 0.05Hz ~ 40.0Hz)
Sets the speed of the PAN effect (i.e. how rapidly the signal
sweeps from channel to channel).
F/R Dep (Front/Rear Depth: 0% ~ 100%)
When the L-TURN or R-TURN pan type is selected, this
parameter sets the apparent depth of the sweep from front to
rear.
L/R Dep (Lch/Rch Depth: 0% ~ 100%)
Sets the "depth" of the pan sweep from left to right and right
to left.
HPF (High Pass Filter Frequency: THRU, 32Hz ~
1 .0kHz)
Permits the rolling off the low frequency content of the signal
above the set frequency. The HPF is OFF when set to THRU.
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz,
THRU)
Permits the rolling off the high frequency content of the signal
above the set frequency. The LPF is OFF when set to THRU.
42
Triggered Pan (TrigPan)
1in/2out
MidiTrg (MIDI Trigger: OFF, ON)
When this parameter is turned ON, a MIDI NOTE ON
message from an external MIDI keyboard can be used to
trigger the pan,
HPF (High Pass Filter Frequency: THRU, 32Hz ~
1.0kHz)
Permits the rolling off the low frequency content of the signal
above the set frequency. The HPF is OFF when set to THRU.
When triggered, this program automatically pans the sound image
between left and right and left in the stereo sound field ~ with
programmable attack, pan and release rates.
• Receives the MIDI NOTE ON message
• Press the footswitch which is connected to the Trigger
Terminal
LPF (Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1.0kHz ~ 16kHz,
THRU)
Permits the rolling off the high frequency content of the signal
above the set frequency. The LPF is OFF when set to THRU.
Parameters
TrgLvl (Trigger Level: 1 ~ 100)
Determines the level of the input signal required to trigger the
panning effect. At 100% only very high level input signals
will trigger the pan, while at 0% even the tiniest input signal
will trigger the pan.
TrgDIy (Trigger Delay Time: -100msec ~ +100msec)
The time taken when the effect is triggered to the time when
signal is outputed. If a minus value is programmed, the input
signal is delayed so that, effectively, the effect begins before
the signal appears.
TrgMsk (Trigger Mask: 3msec ~ 24000msec)
This parameter makes it impossible to re-trigger the effect
until the programmed time has elapsed.
Attack (Attack Time: 3msec ~ 24000msec)
Determines how rapidly the panning effect begins.
Panning (Panning Time: 3msec ~ 24000msec)
Determines how long it takes to complete the main portion of
the pan.
Release (Release Time: 3msec ~ 24000msec)
Determines the release time of the end of the pan.
Directi (Direction:
Determines the direction in which the sound sweeps across the
stereo sound field.
L/R Bal (Lch/Rch Balance: 0% ~ 100%)
Determines the maximum extent of the pan sweep. For
example, a setting of 100% produce a full pan from the
extreme left and vice verse.
43
MULTI-EFFECTS
The SPX990 multi-effect combine compressor, distortion,
equalizer or dynamic filter, reverb and chorus effects and this
section attempts to explain how the various effects are connected.
Chorus & Reverb (Cho&Rev)
1in/2out
This is the multi-effect program of the Stereo Chorus and Stereo
Reverb.
Parameters
Direction (Effect Direction: Chorus+Reverb, Chorus
Reverb, Reverb
Chorus)
• Chorus+Reverb
Mixed output between the left and right channel of signal
output of the Stereo Chorus and signal output of the Stereo
Reverb.
ModFrq (Modulation Frequency: 0.05Hz ~ 40.0Hz)
DM.Dep (Delay Time Modulation Depth: 0% ~ 100%)
AM.Dep (Amplitude Modulation Depth: 0% ~ 100%)
Refer to "FM Cho" effect on page 38.
RevTime (Reverb Time: 0.3sec ~ 480.0sec)
HiRatio (High Ratio: RevTime x0.1 ~ x1.0)
IniDly (Initial Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 800.0msec)
Refer to "Reverb" effect on page 25.
RevMix (Reverb Mixing Balance: 0% ~ 100%)
Determines the mix between the signal entering the reverb
processor and the reverb sound. A bigger value causes more
reverb sound.
TrgLvl (Trigger Level: 0% ~ 100%)
Release (Release Time: 3msec ~ 24000msec)
MidiTrg (MIDI Trigger: ON, OFF)
Refer to "Reverb" effect on page 25.
Symphonic & Reverb (Sym&Rev)
1in/2out
This is the multi-effect program of the Stereo Symphonic and
Stereo Reverb.
• Chorus Reverb
Input signal enters the Chorus first and then the Reverb
program.
Parameters
Direction (Effect Direction: Sympho+Reverb, Sympho
Reverb, Reverb Sympho)
Refer to "Cho&Rev" effect.
ModFrq (Modulation Frequency: 0.05Hz ~ 40.0Hz)
Depth (Modulation Depth: 0% ~ 100%)
Refer to "Symphon" effect on page 38.
• Reverb
Chorus
Input signal enters the Reverb first and the Chorus program.
RevTime (Reverb Time: 0.3sec ~ 480.0sec)
HiRatio (High Ratio: RevTime x0.1 ~ x1.0)
IniDly (Initial Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 800.0msec)
Refer to "Reverb" effect on page 25.
RevMix (Reverb Mixing Balance: 0% ~ 100%)
Determines the balance between the direct and effect sound.
higher values produce a greater proportion of the effect sound
in relation to the direct sound.
TrgLvl (Trigger Level: 0% ~ 100%)
Release (Release Time: 3msec ~ 24000msec)
MidiTrg (MIDI Trigger: ON, OFF)
Refer to "Reverb" effect on page 25
44
Flanger & Reverb (Flg&Rev)
1in/2out
This is the multi-effect program of the Stereo Flanger and Stereo
Reverb.
Parameters
Direction (Effect Direction: Flange+Reverb, Flange
Reverb, Reverb Flange)
Refer to "Cho&Rev" effect on page 44.
ModFrq (Modulation Frequency: 0.05Hz ~ 40.0Hz)
Depth (Modulation Depth: 0% ~ 100%)
Delay (Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 20.0msec)
FbGain (Feed Back Gain: 0% ~ 99%)
Refer to "Flanger" effect on page 37.
RevTime (Reverb Time: 0.3sec ~ 480.0sec)
HiRatio (High Ratio: RevTime x0.21 ~ x1.0)
IniDly (Initial Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 800.0msec)
Refer to "Reverb" effect on page 25.
RevMix (Reverb Mixing Balance: 0% ~ 100%)
Determines the mix balance between the signal entering the
reverb processor and the reverb sound.
TrgLvl (Trigger Level: 0% ~ 100%)
Release (Release Time: 3msec ~ 24000msec)
MidiTrg (MIDI Trigger: ON, OFF)
Refer to "Reverb" effect on page 25.
Reverb(L)/ Reverb(R) (Rev/Rev)
PltDif (Plate Reverb Diffusion: 0 ~ 10)
Sets the complexity of the many reflection that makes up
reverberation.
PltDly (Plate Reverb Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 200msec)
The time taken for the plate reverb sound to occur.
HalRvT (Hall Reverb Time: 0.3sec ~ 480.0sec)
Set the right channel reverb time of the Hall.
HalHiR (Hall Reverb High Ratio: HalRvt x0.1 ~ x1.0)
Allows the alteration of the high frequency HAll reverb times
in relation to the overall reverb time.
HalDif (Hall Reverb Diffusion: 0 ~ 1 0 )
Sets the complexity of the many reflection that makes up
reverberation.
HalDly (Hall Reverb Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 200msec)
The time taken for the Hall reverb sound to occur.
Output (Output Mode: Stereo, Monox2)
When set to Stereo, the output of the left and right channel
processors are mixed and the output signal is delivered in
stereo. When monox2 is selected, the left and right channel
processors are completely independently.
• Stereo
2in/2out
This is the dual effect program in which the signal input on the
left channel is delivered in Plate Rev. and the signal input on the
right channel is delivered in the Hall Rev.
Parameters
NOTE: Balan1 is the mix level of Plate
Balan2 is the mix level of Hall
PItRvT (Plate Reverb Time: 0.3sec ~ 480.0sec)
Set the left channel reverb time of Plate.
PltHiR (Plate Reverb High Ratio: PltRvt x0.1 ~ x1.0)
Allows the alteration of the high frequency plate reverb times
in relation to the overall reverb time.
• Monox2
PltLPF (Plate Reverb low Pass Filter Frequency: 1 .0kHz
~ 16kHz, THRU)
Permits rolling off the high frequency content of the PLATE
signal signal above the set frequency. The LPF is OFF when
set to THRU.
HalLPF (Hall Reverb Low Pass Filter Frequency; 1 .0kHz
~ 16kHz, THRU)
Permits rolling off the high frequency content of the HALL
signal above the set frequency. The LPF is OFF when set to
THRU.
45
ER (L)/Reverb (R) (ER/Rev)
2in/2out
This is the dual effect program in which the signal input on the
left channel is delivered in ER and the signal input on the right
channel is delivered in Reverb.
Output (Output Mode: Stereo, Monox2)
When set to stereo, the output of the left and right-channel
processors are mixed and the output signal is delivered in
stereo. When MONOx2 is selected, the left and right-channel
processors are completely independent.
Refer to "Rev/Rev" effect on page 45.
RevLPF (REVERB Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1kHz ~
16kHz, THRU)
Permits rolling off the high-frequency content of the REV
signal above the set frequency. The LPF is OFF when set to
THRU.
Parameters
NOTE: Balan1 is the mix level of ER.
Balan2 is the mix level of Reverb.
ErType (Early Reflection Type: S-Hall, L-Hall, Random,
Reverse, Plate, Spring)
Select among the early reflection pattern.
Room (ER Room Size: 0.1 ~ 25.0)
Sets the separation between reflections and effect on the room
size.
Live (ER Liveness: 0 ~ 10)
Determines how the early reflections decay.
Diffuse (ER Diffusion: 0 ~ 1 0 )
Sets the complexity of many reflections that make up the
reverberation.
ErDly (E Initial Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 300.0msec)
The time delay between the direct sound and the first of the
many reflections that make up reverberation.
Inputs on the left channel above are the ER parameters. The
are the Reverb paraminputs on the right channel from
eters.
RevTime (Reverb Time: 0.3sec ~ 480.0sec)
Sets the time of the reverb sound.
HiRatio (REVERB High Ratio: RevTime x0.1 ~ x1.0)
Allows alteration of the high frequency reverb times in
relation to the overall reverb time.
Diffuse (REVERB Diffusion: 0 ~ 1 0 )
Sets the complexity of many reflections that make up the
reverberation.
RevDIy (REVERB Initial Delay Time: 0.1msec ~
300.0msec)
The time delay between the direct sound and the first of the
many reflections that make up the reverberation.
46
Echo (L)/ Reverb (R) (Ech/Rev)
2in/2out
This is the dual effect program in which the signal input on the
left channel is delivered in Echo sound and the signal input on
the right channel is delivered in Reverb.
RevDIy (REVERB Initial Delay Time: 0.1msec ~
200msec)
This is the time taken for the reverb sound occurs.
Output (Output Mode: STEREO, Monox2)
When set to stereo, the outputs of the left and right-channel
processors are mixed and the output signal is delivered in
stereo. When MONOx2 is selected, the left and right-channel
processors are completely independent.
Refer to "Rev/Rev" effect on page 45.
Parameters
NOTE: Balan1 is the mix level of Echo
Balan2 is the mix level of Reverb
LFbDIy (ECHO Lch Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 350.0msec)
After the initial delay is produced, the time between subsequent repeats is determined by the left channel.
Direct Sound (Lch)
LInDly (ECHO Lch Initial Delay Time: 0.1msec ~
350.0msec)
The time delay between the input from the left channel and
the initial echo output sound from the left channel.
R.lniDly (ECHO Rch Initial Delay Time: 0.1msec ~
350.0msec)
The time delay between the input from the right channel and
the first echo output sound from the right channel.
RevLPF (REVERB Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1kHz ~
16kHz, THRU)
Sets the cutoff frequency of the low pass filter. The LPF is
OFF when set to THRU.
L. Fb (ECHO Lch Feed Back Gain: -99% ~ +99%)
Sets the left channel delay signal fed back to the input of the
processor.
R.FbDIy (ECHO Rch Feed Back Gain: 0.1msec ~
350.0msec)
R.Fb (ECHO Rch Feed back Gain: -99% ~ +99%)
Sets at the right channel.
High (ECHO High Frequency Feed Back Gain: x0.1 ~ x1.0)
Controls feedback in the high frequency range on both the left
and right channel.
RevTime (Reverb Time: 0.3sec ~ 480.0sec)
Sets the time of reverb sound in the right channel.
HiRatio (REVERB High Ratio: RevTime x0.1 ~ x1.0)
Allows the alteration of high frequency reverb time in relation
to the overall reverb time.
Diffuse (REVERB Diffusion: 0 - 1 0 )
Sets the complexity of many reflections that make up the
reverberation.
47
Chorus(L)/ Reverb(R) (Cho/Rev)
2in/2out
Pan(L)/Pan(R) (Pan/Pan)
2in/2out
This is the dual effect program in which the signal input on the
left channel is delivered in Chorus and the signal input on the
right channel is delivered in Reverb.
This is the effect program in which the signal inputs on both the
left and right channels are delivered in PAN1 and PAN2 independently.
Parameters
Parameters
NOTE: Balan1 is the mix level of Chorus
Balan2 is the mix level of Reverb
NOTE: Balan1 is the mix level of PAN1 (Lch)
Balan2 is the mix level of PAN2 (Rch)
ModFrq (CHORUS Modulation Frequency: 0.05Hz ~
40.0Hz)
Sets the speed of modulation and hence the rate at which the
effect varies.
DM.Dep (CHORUS Delay Time Modulation Depth: 0% 100%)
Sets the amount of chorus width of the shaking between L and
R channels.
AM.Dep (CHORUS Amplitude Modulation Depth: 0% ~
100%)
Sets the amount of the width of the chorus amplitude variation.
RevTime (Reverb Time: 0.3sec ~ 480.0sec)
Sets the time of reverb sound on the right channel.
HiRatio (REVERB High Ratio: RevTime x0.1 ~ x1.0)
Allows the alteration of high frequency reverb times in
relation to the overall reverb time.
Diffuse (REVERB Diffusion: 0 - 1 0 )
Sets the complexity of many reflections that make up reverberation.
RevDIy (REVERB Initial Delay Time: 0.1msec ~
300.0msec)
Sets the delay time until the initial reverb sound occurs.
Output (Output Mode: Stereo, Monox2)
When set to stereo, the output on the left and right channels
are mixed and the output signal is delivered in as stereo.
When Monox2, is selected, the left and right channel processors are completely independent.
Refer to "Rev/Rev" effect on page 45.
RevLPF (REVERB Low Pass Filter Frequency: 1kHz ~
16kHz, THRU)
Sets the cutoff frequency of the low pass filler. The LPF is
OFF when set at THRU.
48
R, L
R,L
Type1 (1 Pan Type: L
R, L-TURN,
R-TURN)
Speed1 (1 Panning Speed: 0.05Hz ~ 40.0Hz)
F/R Dep1 (1 Front/Rear Depth: 0% ~ 100%)
L/R Dept1 (1 Lch/Rch Depth: 0% ~ 100%)
Delay1 (1 Initial Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 700.0msec)
The above are parameters for PAN1.
Type2 (2 Pan Type: L
R, L
R,L
R, L-TURN,
R-TURN)
Speed2 (2 Panning Speed: 0.05Hz ~ 40.00Hz)
F/R Dep2 (2 Front/Rear Depth: 0% ~ 100%)
L/R Dep2 (2 Lch/Rch Depth: 0% ~ 100%)
Delay2 (2 Initial Delay Time: 0.1msec ~ 700.0msec)
The above are parameters for PAN2.
The definitions for the each Pan parameters are the same as Pan
program. 2 signal inputs create two sets of Pan.
Phase (Phase: -180.0deg ~ +180.0deg)
Determines the starting phase of the 2-channel pan (PAN2) in
relation to the left-channel pan (PAN1).
Sets the angle of rotation between PAN1 and PAN2 positions.
For e.g. if the angle between PAN1 and PAN2 is 90°, their
positions are moved without changing the angle.
FREEZE EFFECT
1in/2out
Freeze (Freeze)
The FREEZE programs allow sampling (digital recording) and
playback of sounds received at the SPX990's inputs. The freeze
program permits mono-sampling for a maximum of 1.35seconds
allows playback start and end functions. The freeze program, like
the pitch change program, can change the pitch signal and
playback the data.
NOTE: When the power supply is at OFF, the recorded sound
will be gone.
NOTE: When other program are recalled, the recorded sound will
also be gone.
NOTE: When the input mode is at STEREO, the recorded signal
is inputed into the left channel.
OVER DUBBING
Press the PAGE Select
keys.
and
keys to display the following
RecMode (Recording Mode)
Selects the recording mode.
ManRec (Manual Recording)
Record manually the triggering effect.
The following methods will cause trigger effect:
1. Press the Function key under the display
on the
display.
2. Press the footswitch which is connected to the Trigger
terminal.
When sampling is in progress, "------" will appear under
and when sampling is completed,
will be
displayed.
Any previous data in the freeze memory is erased when the
record function is executed.
ManOvr (Manual Over Dubbing)
Over Dubbing manually the triggering effect.
The over dubbing function is used to record a new sound over
a previously recorded sound.
AutRec (Auto Recording)
When the input signal exceeds the set level, the trigger is
recorded automatically.
TrgDly (Trigger Delay Time: -1350msec ~ +1000msec)
This parameter sets a delay between triggering and actual
initiation of the sampling process. If TrgDly=0, trigger
becomes effective and at the same time, recording begins. If a
negative value is specified, input signals are temporarily
stored and the sound is sampled from the specified time
before the trigger occurs. A small negative value is still be
effective especially for AutRec. and AutOvr.
NOTE: When TrgDly < 0, the previous data in the freeze
memory will still be stored. When TrgDly > 0,
sampling of new sound will start.
When sampling is in progress, "------" will appear under
on the display and when sampling is completed,
will be displayed. Any previous data in the freeze
memory will be erased when the record function is executed.
AutOvr (Auto Over Dubbing)
Over dubbing automatically the triggering effect.
The over dubbing function is used to record a new sound over
a previously recorded sound.
PLAYBACK
Press the PAGE Select and keys to playback any screen you
want.
The following procedure shows the playback and stop operations;
1. Press the any function or key under the display
Trigger level
2. Press the footswitch which is connected to the Trigger
terminal.
3. Playback the data by MIDI NOTE ON function and stop
transmission by NOTE OFF function.
49
Playback START/END Points
Start (Start Point: 0msec ~ 1350msec)
END (End Point: 0msec ~ 1350msec)
The parameters determine at what point playback will begin or
end when a trigger occurs. If the END point is set to a time
earlier than the START point, the sampled sound will be
reversely played back.
Playback Loop Point
Loop (Loop Point: 0msec ~ 1350msec)
LopFin (Loop Fine: -200 ~ +200)
When sampling "ONE TWO THREE FOUR FIVE" of a
human voice.
This parameter sets the end point of the sampled sound, but
the sampled sound will therefore play continuously as long as
the trigger is held ON. The LOOP FINE parameter allows fine
adjustment of the LOOP end point, making it possible to
create the smoothest transition between the LOOP and START
points.
50
Changing of Pitch During Playback
Changing of Pitch
Pitch (Pitch:
Oct~
Oct)
Fine (Pitch Fine: -100 ~ +100)
The playback pitch can be changed same as the PITCH effect.
PITCH can be varied from two octaves below and above the
original pitch of the sampled sound. PITCH FINE permits fine
tuning of the playback pitch in one-cent increments. (a cent is
1/100th of a semitone).
Changing of Pitch by MIDI
Base Key (Base Key: OFF, C1 ~ C6)
When the MIDI NOTE ON message appears, the value of
pitch can be changed. (Refer to "MonoPit")
When the MIDI NOTE OFF message appears, the playback
will stop.
51
MIDI CONTROL
The SPX990 is installed with MIDI terminal to be connected with the external MIDI devices for several
controls and functions. "Musical Instrument Digital Interface", MIDI is the signal format for digital
instruments, sound control and parameters information.
• To operate the MIDI control, connect MIDI terminal with the external MIDI devices.
MIDI TERMINAL
SPX 990 Terminal
MIDI OUT/THRU
It is a terminal to set either MIDI THRU or MIDI OUT.
MIDI OUT
A terminal to output MIDI information to external devices.
Connected to the MIDI IN terminal of a MIDI device.
MIDI IN
A terminal to input MIDI information from external MIDI
devices. Connect to the MIDI OUT or THRU terminal of a MIDI
device.
MIDI THRU
A terminal to output unchanged signals received at the MIDI
IN terminal. This is used to send a signal received from an
outside device to another device.
MIDI OPERATIONS
Changing of Program (Recalling a program)
The SPX990 can change a program (i.e. recall a program) when
MIDI program change message is received from external MIDI
devices. When you change timbre in the MIDI keyboard, for
instance, the program in the SPX990 will be changed at the same
time,
When using the MIDI OUT/THRU terminal, other external MIDI
devices can also be controlled.
Preset Operation:
• Adjust MIDI transmission channel of external devices to the
SPX990 MIDI receiving channel of banks, (see "MIDI
PROGRAM CHANGE TABLE SETUP" on page 55)
52
• Decide the value of SPX990 memory No. (U01 ~ U99, U100,
C01 ~ C99, C00, ---, P01-P80) for each program change No.
(PGM1 ~ 128). (see "MIDI PROGRAM CHANGE TABLE
SETUP" on Page 55)
• Set the desired bank. (see "MIDI PROGRAM CHANGE
TABLE SETUP" on Page 55)
• If you want to control the other MIDI devices at the same time
through the Program Change Message sent from external
devices, connect the devices to the MIDI OUT/THRU terminal
of SPX990 and switch MIDI OUT/THRU to the "THRU"
position.
PARAMETER CONTROL
You can change the parameter of a program any time by sending
message such as control change from the external devices.
For instance, you can change the parameter of SPX990 by
operating data entry keys.
Preset Operation:
• Choose a controller among the followings, (see "1.Controller
Assign" on page 56.)
• Any of Control Change Message
• Note No. or velocity of Note On Message
• Channel Pressure
• Specify the parameter to be controlled for each program, (see
"2. Parameter Assign" on page 57.)
• Adjust MIDI transmission channel of external devices to the
SPX990 MIDI receiving channel of banks, (see "MIDI
PROGRAM CHANGE TABLE SETUP" on page 55.)
• Recall the program to be controlled.
MIDI TRIGGER
You can produce a trigger (open the gate) by sending Note On
Message from external devices when the Main Effect is Reverb,
FiltRev, EchRoom and TrigPan programs.
For instance, the effect works as soon as the sound comes out
when pressing keys in the MIDI keyboard.
PITCH CONTROL
You can control the musical interval of the pitch change and the
playback pitch of freeze by sending Note On Massage from
external devices for the following types of effects.
• MonoPit (Intelligent: OFF)
• DualPit (Intelligent: OFF)
• TripPit (Intelligent: OFF)
• StPitch
• Freeze
When you press the keys in the MIDI keyboard, for instance, the
musical interval of the pitch and the playback pitch of freeze in
the SPX990 will be changed at the same time.
Preset Operation:
• Adjust MIDI transmission channel of external devices to the
SPX990 MIDI receiving channel of banks. (see "MIDI
PROGRAM CHANGE TABLE SETUP" on page 55.)
• Recall the program and set the "Intelli" parameter "OFF" and
the parameter of "BaseKey".
PITCH CONTROL (INTELLIGENT : ON)
You can control the musical interval or the intelligent pitch
change sound by sending Note On Massage from external devices
for the following types of main effects:
• MonoPit
• DualPit
• TripPit
When you press the keys in the MIDI keyboard, for instance, the
musical interval of the intelligent pitch in the SPX990 will be
changed at the same time.
Preset Operation:
• Adjust MIDI transmission channel of external devices to the
SPX990 MIDI receiving channel of banks. (see "MIDI
PROGRAM CHANGE TABLE SETUP" on page 55.)
• Recall the program and set the MIDI TRG parameter "ON".
Preset Operation:
• Adjust MIDI transmission channel of external devices to the
SPX990 MIDI receiving channel of banks. (see "MIDI
PROGRAM CHANGE TABLE SETUP" on page 55.)
• Recall the program and at the same time, set the "Intelli"
parameter "ON" and the "Trig." parameter to "MIDI".
53
TEMPO CONTROL
In case the main effect is the following type, you can control the
"Tempo" parameter by sending MIDI CLOCK from external
devices.
• TmpEch1
• TmpEch2
• TmpEch4
You can control delay time according to the tempo of the playing
music, for instance, in the MIDI sequencer.
Preset Operation:
• Adjust MIDI transmission and receiving channel of the
SPX990 (MIDI channel of the present bank) with the MIDI
transmission channel of the computer and MIDI receiving
channel of devices which receives the contents of bulk dump.
(see "MIDI PROGRAM CHANGE TABLE SETUP" on page
55.)
BANK CHANGE REQUEST
You can change the bank of SPX990 by sending message of bank
change request from external computer (by using system exclusive message same as bulk dump). That is, you can control bank
change by external devices.
Preset Operation:
• Set the any value to the SPX990 MIDI receiving channel of
banks except for OFF. (see "MIDI PROGRAM CHANGE
TABLE SETUP" on page 55.)
• Recall the program and set "Trig." parameter to "MIDI".
BULK OUT
You can stock the same data in another SPX990, MIDI data filer
or computer by bulking out the data using the key operations of
SPX990.
Preset Operation:
• Adjust MIDI receiving channel of the SPX990 (MIDI channel
of the present bank) with the MIDI transmission channel of the
computer. (see "MIDI PROGRAM CHANGE TABLE SETUP"
on page 55.)
BULK IN
You can bulk in data of another SPX990, MIDI data filer or
computer, etc.
Preset Operation:
• Adjust MIDI transmission channel of the SPX990 (MIDI
channel of the present bank) with the MIDI receiving channel
of another SPX990, etc. (see "MIDI PROGRAM CHANGE
TABLE SETUP" on page 55.)
• Specify the contents to be bulked out.(see "MIDI BULK OUT"
on Page 58.)
RECEIVING BULK DUMP REQUEST
You can bulk out data of SPX990 by sending message of bulk
dump request from external computer.
Preset Operation
• Set the memory protect of SPX990's at OFF. (See "SELECTING USER MEMORY PROTECT MODE" on Page 17.)
• Adjust MIDI receiving channel of the SPX990 (MIDI channel
of the present bank) with the MIDI transmission channel of
another SPX990, etc. (sec "MIDI PROGRAM CHANGE
TABLE SETUP" on page 55.)
NOTE: When the bulk data are received, the No. will be changed
to that specified on the transmission side.
ON MIDI INDICATOR
When the MIDI data are received, MIDI indicator on the front
panel will light up.
54
MIDI PROGRAM CHANGE TABLE SETUP (Edit Mode: Page 3 menu)
For the 4 banks from A~D, it is possible to set MIDI transmission channel and program change table. Set the channel No. on
"?" and the program memory No. freely.
BANK: A
ch=
?
MIDI-PGM
SPX-MEM
1
=
?
2
=
?
3
=
?
128
=
BANK : G
?
MIDI-PGM
SPX-MEM
1
=
?
2
=
?
3
=
?
128
=
?
ch=
?
MIDI-PGM
SPX-MEM
1
=
?
2
=
?
3
=
?
128
?
ch =
BANK:B
=
BANK : D
?
ch =
?
MIDI-PGM
SPX-MEM
1
=
?
2
=
?
3
=
?
128
=
Press the PAGE Select key to go to the next display. Then
press the function and keys under the display
and the selected bank will be specified in the
MIDI transmitting and receiving channel.
MIDI transmitting/receiving Channels:
OMNI
1
2
•
•
•
16
OFF
All channels can be received.
Transmission on channel 1 .
Message on channel 1 can be transmitted/received.
Message on channel 2 can be transmitted/received.
•
•
•
Message on channel 16 can be transmitted/received.
Message from any channel cannot be transmitted/
received.
Press the function and keys under the display
to select the MIDI program No. from 1 ~ 128.
?
Procedure
Press the EDIT key to get the edit mode and use the Page
of the edit mode
Select and keys to display the
Press the function and keys under the display
to select MIDI-PGM corresponding to SPX990
program No.
Press any function or key under the display
on the LCD to display the program change table bank.
Repeat steps
Select Bank
or
under the display
and
and then set the program.
Press the EDIT key if you want to return to the
of edit
mode or press the MEMORY key to return to the memory
mode.
NOTE: If you want to change the bank only do step after
the above operation. The currently selected bank is not
changed if you do not change to another bank.
55
MIDI PARAMETER CONTROL (Edit Mode: Page 2 and 3 menu)
When Control Change Message or the NOTE ON message is received from external MIDI devices, the
parameter value of the SPX990 program can be changed. The following shows this setting.
1. Controller Assign (Edit Mode: Page 3 menu)
This function allows controller 1 and 2 to be assigned for control
of effect parameters. Any controller that transmits MIDI signal
control change No. can be used.
Press the function and keys under the display
"[
]" to select the following messages.
NOTE: The controller assign can be used for all programs.
Procedure:
Press the EDIT key to get the edit mode and get
the edit mode by the PAGE Select and keys.
Press any function or key under the display
display the controller assign.
Press the PAGE Select
or 2.
56
and
of
to
keys to display controller 1
Repeat steps
and
if possible to assign another controller.
NOTE: If you assign the same message to controller 1 and 2,
you can control the assigned parameters set at the
same time.
Press the EDIT key if you want to return to the
of edit
mode or press the MEMORY key to return to the memory
mode.
2. Parameter Assign (Edit Mode: Page 2 menu)
You can control any value of the parameter in the MIDI message
or specified any program by assigning the controller 1 and 2.
Press the PAGE Select
range of parameter values.
keys to display the possible
Procedure:
Recall a specific program, (see "Memory Recall" on page 10)
Press the EDIt key to get the edit mode and then display
of the edit mode by the PAGE Select
When any message is received in SPX990, a possible range of
parameter values between 0 ~ 100% can be set.
Press any function
key under the display
on the LCD to get the parameter assign display.
Press the PAGE Select
of the set controller 1 and 2.
For instance, the pre and post effect of "Comp". L.Thrs
parameter is set at a range of -24dB~ +12dB. If a Min of
10% and a Max. of 90% are set, the parameter control range
will become -20dB ~ +9dB. Adjust the actual sound with the
possible range.
keys to get the first display
Press any function
key under the display
to get the min. and max. values respectively.
Press any function
key under the display
on the LCD to set the effect parameter
to be controlled.
key under the display
Press any function
to set the parameter to be controlled.
Repeat the procedures from
another controller.
and
if possible to assign
Store the program after setting the assigned parameter, (see
"STORING A PROGRAM" on page 16)
NOTE: There are some parameters which cannot be controlled
by MIDI parameter control. Regarding these parameters, refer to "THE PROGRAMS AND PARAMETERS" on page 20 for the effects mark with
57
MIDI BULK OUT (Edit Mode: Page 3 menu)
Data from the SPX990 can be transmitted to external devices through MIDI Bulk Out.
All Data
Procedure:
Press the EDIT key to get the edit mode and then display
of the edit mode by the PAGE Select
keys.
The date (System Data+User's Memory All+PGM Change
TbI+User's Scale) are bulked out.
Press any function
key under the display
display the Bulk Out display.
System Data
Press the PAGE Select
System Data screen.
The data of MIDI Controller, Input Mode, Footswitch, User's
Memory Program are bulked out.
User's Memory Data
to
keys to display Bulk Out
When bulking out the user's memory data, specified the
memory No. to be bulked out.
Press any function
key under the display "[
]"
to set the memory
to be bulked
out. When
is set, all the User's memory data will be
bulked out.
NOTE: When bulking out the data to another SPX990,
overwrite the same memory No. data of the receiving
SPX990.
The specified User's memory data
bulked out.
PGM Change TbI Data
are
When bulking out the program change table data, specified the
bank to be bulked out.
Press any function
key under the display "[
]"
and specify the bank to be bulked out. If
is set, all the
data in the bank's program change table will be bulked out.
NOTE: When bulking out the data to another SPX990,
overwrite to same bank data of the receiving SPX990.
The program change table data of the specified banks
are bulked out.
User's Scale Data
Press the function key under the display
selecting the bank to excute bulked out.
after
After bulking out the necessary data, the display will return to
the previous screen.
Press the EDIT key if you want to return to the
of edit
mode or press the MEMORY key to return to the memory
mode.
The specified User Scale data (User-Scale 1,2) by intelligent
pitch change are bulked out.
58
APPENDIX
SPECIFICATIONS
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Freq. Response
Dynamic Range
Ham. and Noise
Distortion
20Hz-20kHz+-0.5dB
Above l00dB (Typical 106dB)
Below -82dBm (Typical -88dBm)
Below 0.005% at max. level 1kHz
INPUT
Number of Channel
Nominal Level
Highest Input
Impedance
2 (Phone Jack)
+4/-20dBm (Switchable)
+24dBm (Switchable at +4dB)
20k
REAR
PANEL
Connectors
Switch
GENERAL
Power Requirements
OUTPUT
Number of Channel
Nominal Level
Highest Output
Impedance
2 (Phone Jack)
+4/-20dBm (Switchable)
+18dBm (Switchable at +4dB)
150
AD/DA Conversion
A/D Conversion
D/A Conversion
Sampling Freq.
20bits
20bits
44.1kHz
MEMORY
Preset Program
1 - 80
User Memory Program 1 - 99,00
Optional Memory Card 1 - 99,00
MIDI CONTROL
Program Change
Note On
Control Change
Bulk Dump
FRONT PANEL
Control
Keys
Display
Slot
Input L/R (XLR x 2, Phone jack x 2)
Output L/R (XLR x 2, Phone Jack x 2)
MIDI IN, THRU/OUT (DIN 5P x 2)
Trigger (Phone Jack x 1)
Bypass or INC/DEC (Phone Jack x 1)
IN/OUT Level Switch (+4dB/-20dB x 2)
MIDI THRU/OUT Switch
US & Canadian Models: 120V, 60Hz
British Model: 240V, 50Hz
General Model: 230V, 50Hz
Power Consumption
25W
Dimensions
(W x H x D)
480 x 46 x 324.4 mm
(18-7/8" x 1-13/16" x 12-3/4")
(including attachments)
Weight
4.6 kg (10 IDS. 2oz)
0dB=0.775Vr.m.s.
Specifications and appearance subject to change without notice.
OPTION
(Memory Select)
(Pitch Select)
(Parameter Control)
(Parameter Dump, Program Change
Table, System Setup Data)
Input Level (L, R), Data Entry
Function Key x 6, Page Select Key x 2,
Memory, Store, Edit, Bypass
2 ch. 8 segment LED (Level Meter)
6 segment LED (Mode Indicator)
7 segment LED (Memory No.)
Memory, Edit, Bypass indicators
24 chara x 2 Line LCD
Memory Card
Memory Card
MCD64
MCD32
BLOCK DIAGRAM
DIMENSIONS
MIDI DATA FORMAT
1. Transmission Conditions
2. Transmission Data
2-1 System Information
1) System Exclusive Messages
Memory Bulk Data
When a MEMORY BULK OUT operation is performed or when
a MEMORY BULK DUMP REQUEST message is received by
the SPX990, the data is transmitted on the MIDI channel specified for the currently selected BANK. Data is transmitted from
the User memory U01 to U00 in the format below if the memory
number is set at "All".
STATUS
ID No.
SUB STATUS
FORMAT No.
BYTE COUNT
BYTE COUNT
HEADER
DATA NAME
MEMORY
DATA
CHECK SUM
EOX
11110000 (F0H)
01000011 (43H)
0000nnnn (0nH) n= 0 (channel number1) 15 (channel number16)
01111110(7EH)
00000010 (02H)
00110100 (34H)
01001100 (4CH) "L"
01001101 (4DH) "M"
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00111000 (38H) "8"
01000001 (41H) "A"
00110010 (32H) "2"
00110001 (31H) "1"
01001101 (4DH) "M"
0mmmmmmm
m= 1 (User Memory No.U01)100 (User Memory No.U00)
0ddddddd
298 BYTE
0ddddddd
0eeeeee
11110111 (F7H)
Bank Program Change Table Bulk Data
When a BANK PROGRAM CHANGE TABLE BULK OUT
operation is performed or when a BANK PROGRAM CHANGE
TABLE BULK DUMP REQUEST message is received by the
SPX990, data is transmitted on the MIDI channel specified for
the currently selected BANK. Data is transmitted from Bank A to
D in the format below if the bank number is set at "All".
STATUS
ID No.
SUB STATUS
FORMAT No.
BYTE COUNT
BYTE COUNT
HEADER
DATA NAME
BANK No.
DATA
CHECK SUM
EOX
11110000 (F0H)
01000011 (43H)
0000nnnn (0nH) n= 0 (channel number1)15 (channel number16)
01111110(7EH)
00000010 (02H)
00000101 (0AH)
01001100 (4CH) "L"
01001101 (4DH) "M"
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00111000 (38H) "8"
01000001 (41H) "A"
00110010 (32H) "2"
00110001 (31H) "1"
01010100 (54H) "T"
0zzzzzzz
z=BANK 1-4
(1=A,2=B,3=C,4=D)
0ddddddd
256 BYTE
0ddddddd
0eeeeee
11110111 (F7H)
System Setup Bulk Data
When a SYSTEM SETUP BULK OUT operation is performed or
when a SYSTEM SETUP DATA DUMP REQUEST message is
received by the SPX990, data is transmitted on the MIDI channel
specified for the currently selected BANK.
STATUS
ID No.
SUB STATUS
111 10000 (F0H)
01000011 (43H)
0000nnnn (0nH) n= 0 (channel number1) 15 (channel number16)
FORMAT No.
01111110(7EH)
BYTE COUNT 00000000 (00H)
BYTE COUNT 00011110(1EH)
HEADER
01001100 (4CH) "L"
01001101 (4DH) "M"
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00111000 (38H) "8"
01000001 (41H) "A"
00110010 (32H) "2"
00110001 (31H) "1"
DATA NAME
01010011 (53H) "s"
00100000 (20H) SPACE
v=1
SOFT VERSION # Ovvvvvvv
0rrrrrrr
r=0
DATA
User Scale Bulk Data
When a USER SCALE BULK OUT operation is performed or
when a USER SCALE DATA DUMP REQUEST message is
received by the SPX990, data is transmitted on the MIDI channel
specified for the currently selected BANK. Data is transmitted in
User-Scale 1,2 in the format below,
STATUS
ID No.
SUB STATUS
FORMAT No.
BYTE COUNT
BYTE COUNT
HEADER
DATA NAME
DATA
0ddddddd
0ddddddd
0ddddddd
18 BYTE
CHECKSUM
EOX
11110000 (F0H)
01000011 (43H)
0000nnnn (0nH) n= 0 (channel number1) 15 (channel number16)
01111110(7EH)
00000011 (03H)
00111011 (3BH)
01001100 (4CH) "L"
01001101 (4DH) "M"
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00111000 (38H) "8"
01000001 (41H) "A"
00110010 (32H) "2"
00110001 (31H) "1"
01001001 (49H) "I"
00100000 (20H) SPACE
0ddddddd
TUNE
0ddddddd
72 Byte Mono Pitch
0ddddddd
0eeeeee
11110111 (F7H)
0ddddddd
0ddddddd
0ddddddd
0ddddddd
0ddddddd
0ddddddd
0ddddddd
0ddddddd
CHECKSUM
EOX
0ddddddd
0eeeeee
11110111 (F7H)
User Scale 1
72 Byte Mono Pitch
User Scale 2
72 Byte Dual Pitch
User Scale 1
72 Byte Dual Pitch
User Scale 2
72 Byte Triple Pitch
User Scale 1
72 Byte Triple Pitch
User Scale 2
All Bulk Data
When an ALL BULK OUT operation is performed or when a
ALL BULK DUMP REQUEST message is received by the
SPX990, data is transmitted on the MIDI channel specified for
the currently selected BANK.
All user program data from U01 to U100, all bank program
change table A through D and system setup data will be transmitted in this order as follows:
Program of User Memory No. U01 to U00
Program Change Table Bank A through D
System Setup Data
User-Scale 1,2 Data
3. Reception Conditions
NOTE ON ($9n)
NOTE OFF ($8n)
CONTROL CHANGE ($Bn)
PROGRAM CHANGE ($Cn)
BULK DUMP REQUEST ($F0, $43, $2n)
BULK DATA ($F0, $43, $0n)
BANK CHANGE ($F0, $43, $0n)
SYSTEM REAL TIME ($F8)
4. Reception Data
4-1 Channel Information
1) Channel Voice Messages
Note On
Received on the channel specified for the selected bank. When
the MidiTrg parameter is set at ON, the main effects of "Reverb",
"FiltRev", "EchRoom" and "TrigPan" are triggered. Main effect
of MONO PITCH, DUAL PITCH, TRIPLE PITCH and STEREO
PITCH programs are received as messages to control pitch
variation. The velocity value is ignored here. Data cannot be
received when the base key parameter is set at OFF or when the
Intelligent Select is at ON.
STATUS
NOTE No.
VELOCITY
1001nnnn (9nH) n= 0 (Channel No. 1)15 (Channel No.16)
k=0(C-2)-127(G8)
0kkkkkkk
v=0-127
0vvwvvv
Note Off
NOTE No.
VELOCITY
STATUS
101 1nnnn (BnH) n= 0 (Channel No.1) 15 (Channel No.16)
CONTROL NO. 0ccccccc
c=1-95
CONTROL VALUE 0vvwvvv
v=0 - 127
Program Change
Received on the MIDI channel specified for the currently selected
bank. When a message is received, the corresponding program is
called from the program change table of the selected bank.
STATUS
This message appears during main effect "Freeze" when playback
is done and it affects the SPX990 only when the equipment
signalling the end NOTE ON message is connected.
STATUS
Control Change
Received on the channel specified for the selected bank. When a
message is received, the value of the assigned effect parameter is
changed according to the control value.
1000nnnn (8nH) n= 0 (Channel No. 1)15 (Channel No.16)
k=0(C-2)-I27(G8)
0kkkkkkk
0vvwvvv
v=0 -127
PROGRAM NO.
1100nnnn(CnH) n= 0 (Channel No.1) 15 (Channel No.16)
0ppppppp
p=0 - 127
4-2 System Information
1) System Exclusive Messages
Memory Bulk Dump Request
Received on the MIDI channel specified for the currently selected
When received, the data corresponding to the specified memory
program is transmitted.
System Setup Data Bulk Dump Request
Received on the MIDI channel specified for the currently
specified bank.
When received, the data corresponding to the system setup data
of the specified bank is transmitted.
STATUS
ID No.
SUB STATUS
STATUS
ID No.
SUB STATUS
bank.
FORMAT No.
DATA NAME
MEMORY
EOX
11110000 (F0H)
01000011(43H)
0010nnnn (2nH) n= 0 (channel number1)15 (channel number16)
01111110(7EH)
01001100 (4CH) "L"
01001101 (4DH) "M"
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00111000 (38H) "8"
01000001 (41H) "A"
00110010 (32H) "2"
00110001 (31H) "1"
01001101 (4DH) "M"
0mmmmmmm
m= 1 (User Memory No.U01) 100 (User Memory No.U00)
11110111 (F7H)
Program Change Table Bulk Dump Request
Received on the MIDI channel specified for the currently selected
bank.
When received, the data corresponding to the program change
table of the specified bank is transmitted.
STATUS
11110000 (F0H)
ID No.
01000011 (43H)
SUB STATUS 0010nnnn (2nH) n= 0 (channel number1)15 (channel number16)
FORMAT No.
01111110 (7EH)
01001100 (4CH) "L"
01001101 (4DH) "M"
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00111000 (38H) "8"
01000001 (41H) "A"
00110010 (32H) "2"
00110001 (31H) "1"
DATA NAME
01010100 (54H) "T"
BANK No.
0zzzzzzz
z=BANK 1-4
(1=A,2=B,3=C,4=D)
EOX
11110111 (F7H)
FORMAT No.
DATA NAME
EOX
11110000 (F0H)
01000011 (43H)
0010nnnn (2nH) n= 0 (channel number1) 15 (channel number16)
01111110 (7EH)
01001100 (4CH) "L"
01001101 (4DH) "M"
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00111000 (38H) "8"
01000001 (41H) "A"
00110010 (32H) "2"
00110001 (31H) "1"
01010011 (53H) "S"
00100000 (20H) SPACE
11110111 (F7H)
User Scale Data Bulk Dump Request
Received on the MIDI channel specified for the currently
specified bank.
When received, the data corresponding to the User Scale Data of
the specified bank is transmitted.
STATUS
ID No.
SUB STATUS
FORMAT No.
DATA NAME
EOX
11110000 (F0H)
01000011 (43H)
0010nnnn (2nH) n= 0 (channel number1) 15 (channel number16)
01111110 (7EH)
01001100 (4CH) "L"
01001101 (4DH) "M"
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00111000 (38H) "8"
01000001 (41H) "A"
00110010 (32H) "2"
00110001 (31H) "1"
01001001 (49H) "I"
00100000 (20H) SPACE
11110111 (F7H)
2) System Real Time Message
Bank Change Request
Received on the MIDI channel specified for the currently selected
bank.
When received, the specified bank is called up.
When received on the MIDI channel, the main effects,
"TmpEch1", "TmpEch2", "TmpEch4" are triggered. The tempo
parameter is set automatically by timing clock.
TIMING CLOCK 11111000 (F8H)
STATUS
ID No.
SUB STATUS
FORMAT No.
BYTE COUNT
BYTE COUNT
DATA NAME
VERSION #
VERSION#
DATA
CHECKSUM
EOX
11110000 (F0H)
01000011 (43H)
0000nnnn (0nH) n= 0 (channel number1) 15 (channel number16)
01111110 (7CH) Condition setup
00000000 (00H)
00001101 (0DH)
01001100 (4CH) "L"
01001101 (4DH) "M"
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00100000 (20H) SPACE
00111000 (38H) "8"
01000001 (41H) "A"
00110010 (32H) "2"
00110001 (31H) "1"
01010101 (55H) "U"
00100000 (20H) SPACE
0wvvvvv
v=1
0rrrrrrr
r=0
0zzzzzzz
z=bank1-4
(1=A,2=B,3=C,4=D)
0eeeeee
11110111(F7H)
Memory Bulk Data
The data format is the same as "Memory Bulk Data" for transmission.
Bank Program Change Table Bulk Data
The data format is the same as "Bank Program Change Table
Bulk Data" for transmission.
User Scale Bulk Data
The data format is the same as "User Scale Bulk Data" for
transmission.
System Setup Bulk Data
The data format is the same as "System Setup Bulk Data" for
transmission.
When received from the MIDI Data Filer, a computer or other
sources, the time interval between data exchanges. F7 to F0 and
other units must be set to 180msec of longer.
YAMAHA [ PROFFESSIONAL MULTI-EFFECT PROCESSOR ]
Model SPX990 MIDI Implementation Chart
Date : 1/26, 1993
Version : 1 . 0
Recognized
Transmitted
Remarks
Function . . .
Basic
Channel
Default
Changed
x
x
1-16, off
1-16, off
memorized
Default
Default
Altered
x
x
**************
OMNIoff/OMNIon
x
x
memorized
Mode
Note
Number : True voice
x
**************
0-127
x
Velocity Note ON
Note OFF
x
x
x
x
After
Touch
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
0
Program
Change : True #
x
o 0 - 127
*1
System Exclusive
0
0
Bulk Dump
System : Song Pos
: Song Sel
Common : Tune
x
x
x
X
X
System :Clock
Real Time :Commands
x
x
0
X
Aux
x
x
x
x
X
X
Key's
Ch's
Pitch Bender
1 - 9 5
Control
Change
:Local ON/OFF
:All Notes OFF
Mes- :Active Sense
sages:Reset
**************
X
X
X
Notes: *1 = For program 1 - 128, memory number of SPX990 is selected.
Mode 1 : OMNI ON, POLY
Mode 3 : OMNI OFF, POLY
Mode 2 : OMNI ON, MONO
Mode 4 : OMNI OFF, MONO
o : Yes
X : No
USER PROGRAMMING TABLE
USER PROGRAMMING TABLE
PreFx
MainFx:
PostFx
MIDI PROGRAM CHANGE LIST
SERVICE
This product is supported by YAMAHA's worldwide network
of factory trained and qualified dealer service personnel. In
the event of a problem, contact your nearest YAMAHA dealer.
YAMAHA
R1 1 PT 93 03 2000 CP Printed in JAPAN
YAMAHA CORPORATION
P.O. Box 1, Hamamatsu, Japan
YAMAHA
Yamaha Corporation of America
6600 Orangethorpe Avenue, P.O. Box 6600, Buena Park, CA 90622-6600
3/13
28090
SPX990 OM