Epson Stylus 300 - Ink Jet Printer User`s guide

User’s Guide
Stylus 300
EPSON
®
4002270
GOl-00
EPSON”
48-NOZZLE INK JET PRINTER
stylus. 300
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, mechanical, photocopying, recording,
or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Seiko Epson Corporation. No patent
liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained herein.
Neither is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the information
contained herein. Neither Seiko Epson Corporation nor its affiliates shall be liable to the
purchaser of this product or third parties for damages, losses, costs, or expenses incurred
by purchaser or third parties as a result of: accident, misuse, or abuse of this product or
unauthorized modifications, repairs, or alterations to this product, or (excluding the US)
failure to strictly comply with Seiko Epson Corporation’s operating and maintenance
instruCtiOnS.
Seiko Epson Corporation shall not be liable against any damages or problems arising from
the use of any options or any consumable products other than those designated as Original
Epson Products or Epson Approved Products by Seiko Epson Corporation.
,
Epson and Epson ESC/P are registered trademarks and Epson ESC/P 2 is a trademark of
Seiko Epson Corporation.
Epson Stylus is a trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation.
Epson Connection is a service mark of Epson America, Inc.
Helvetica and Times are trademarks of Linotype AG and/or its subsidiaries.
General Notice: Other product names used herein are for identification purposes only and
may be trademarks of their respective owners. Epson disclaims any and all rights in those
marks.
Copyright 0 1993 by Seiko Epson Corporation
Nagano, Japan
User’s Guide
FCC Compliance Statement
For United States Users
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause interference to radio and television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures.
Cl Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
0 Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
D Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
0 Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
WARNING
The connection of a non-shielded equipment interface cable to this equip&m will
invalidate the FCC Certification of this device and may cause interference levels which
exceed the limits established by the FCC for this equipment. It is the responsibility of the
user to obtain and use a shielded equipment interface cable with this device. If this
equipment has more than one interface connector, do not leave cables connected to unused
interfaces. Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could
void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
For Canadian Users
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from
digital apparatus as set out in the radio interference regulations of the Canadian
Department of Communications.
Le present appareil nun-kique n’emet pas de bruits radioelectriques depassant les limites
applicables aux appareils numeriques de Classe B prescrites dans le reglement sur le
brouillage radioelectrique edict6 par le Ministere des Communications du Canada.
ii
Notice
When you install the ink cartridge for the first time (just after unpacking the printer), please
perform the following steps in addition to the steps described in your user’s guide.
After step 4 on page l-10 (after you hold down the REPLACE INK button and the
carriage moves to the middle of the printer) do the following:
Turn the paper-thickness lever clockwise as far as it will go, as shown below.
Next go on to the next step (step 5 on page l-10). Proceed with steps as written in the
manual until you reach step 11.
After the printer finishes the cleaning procedure in step 11 on page 1-13, perform the
following additional steps:
Hold down the REPLACE INK button until the carriage moves to the middle
position.
Turn the paper-thickness lever all the way to the left (counterclockwise).
Press the REPLACE INK button again to return the carriage to the far right
position.
Go on to the next step (step 12 on page 1-13).
Note: You do not need to do these additional steps when you rephce the ink autridgc.
Copyright 0 1993 by Seiko Epson Corp.
Printer Parts
control panel
paper feeder cover
paper separator
\
manual feed slot
AC inlet
-1 l
00 Courier
0 0 Roman T (PS)
00 Sans Serif H (PS)
DATA
0 PAPER OUT
08 Roman
8 0 Sans Serif
(1
1
8 8 Prestige
FONT
t LOAD /‘EJECT
Ti
62
PAUSE
I
. . 1 1 CONDENSED
[ ’ ‘3 R E S E T
1
2
Contents
lntroduction
HowtoUseThisManuall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Where United States Users Can Get Help . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Important Safety Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Chapter 1 Setting Up Your Printer
About Your Ink Jet Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A few precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Choosing the right paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unpacking the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attaching the paper support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Choosing a Place for the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plugging in the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the Ink Cartridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the cartridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Testing the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading paper in the paper feeder . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running the self test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Software Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Microsoft Windows 3.1 and all Windows Programs . . .
What is a Printer Driver? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fonts with Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WordPerfect 5.1 for MS-DOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Microsoft Word for MS-DOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lotus l-2-3 Version 3.X for MS-DOS . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Up Other Software Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tips for Using the Paper Feeder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
1-2
1-4
1-5
1-6
1-6
1-7
1-8
1-9
1-14
1-14
1-16
1-17
1-18
1-18
1-19
1-19
1-20
1-21
1-21
1-21
1-22
1-23
...
iii
Chapter 2 Using Ofher Printer Functions
Loading Paper Manually . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing on single sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing on envelopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tips for Maintaining the Correct Printing Position . . . . . . . .
Operating the Control Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Indicator lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting Character Fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scalable Fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Condensed printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Default-Setting Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Default setting descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the default settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the character-table setting . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2
2-2
2-2
2-4
2-6
2-7
2-7
2-8
2-9
2-10
2-11
2-11
2-12
2-14
2-17
Chapter 3 Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Replacing the Ink Cartridge
Cleaning thePrint Head . .
Cleaning the Printer . . . .
Transporting the Printer . .
Troubleshooting . . . . . .
Power supply . . . . .
Printing . . . . . . . . .
Paper handling . . . .
iv
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3-2
3-3
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-11
Appendix
Technical Specifications . . . . . . .
Printer specifications . . . . .
Command Summary . . . . . . . .
Sending printer commands . .
Using the command summary
Character Tables . . . . . . . . . . .
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A-2
A-2
A-12
A-12
A-12
A-23
Glossary
Index
V
Introduction
How to Use This Manual
Here’s what you’ll find in this book:
cl Chapter 1 describes how to unpack and set up the printer.
It also describes how to load the paper feeder and print a
self test. Be sure to read and follow these instructions.
0
Chapter 2 contains information that you will need to use
special printer functions. It explains how to load paper
manually and change printer settings from the control
panel.
cl
Chapter 3 contains maintenance and troubleshooting
information. If the printer does not operate properly or you
have difficulties, see this chapter.
cl The Appendix includes the printer specifications,
commands, and character tables.
0 A glossary of printer terms and an index are at the end.
Features
Your new Epson@printer is a 48-nozzle ink jet printer, ideal for
quiet, high-speed printing.
Your printer offers the following features:
0 High print quality. Epson’s new ink jet technology delivers
crisp 360 x 360 dots per inch (dpi) text and graphics.
Cl
Flexible paper handling. Use the built-in paper feeder to
load up to 100 sheets automatically. You can also insert
envelopes or single pages manually without removing the
paper supply.
CI
Fast printing speed. You can print up to 132 characters per
second in 12-cpi letter quality (LQ) mode.
Ll Quiet printing. Ink jet technology helps maintain a quiet
working environment.
0 Small footprint conserves your work space.
0 Epson ESC/P 21” This enhanced printer control language
provides scalable fonts and improved graphics capability.
LI
Compatibility. Supports the Epson ESC/P@ commands
widely used in application programs written for other
Epson printers.
0 Convenience. Drop-in ink cartridge prints up to 700 pages
(at 1000 characters/page, using the Roman font).
2 Introduction
Where United States Users Can Get He/’
Epson America provides local customer support and service
through a nationwide network of authorized Epson dealers and
Service Centers.
Epson also provides the following support services through the
Enson
Connection” at (800) 922-8911:
I
Q
Assistance in locating your nearest Authorized Epson
Reseller or Service Center
Ll
Technical assistance with the installation, configuration,
and operation of Epson products
0
Information on ESC/P 2 drivers for your software
0
Sales of the ESC/P reference manual, which contains
comprehensive information on ESC/P 2 commands
0
Epson technical information library fax service
cl
Product literature with technical specifications on our
current and new products
cl
Sales of ribbons, supplies, parts, documentation, and
accessories for your Epson product
Li
Customer Relations
Introduction 3
Important Safety Instructions
Cl Read all of these instructions before you set up your printer.
0
Follow all warnings and instructions marked on the printer.
Cl Unplug the printer from the wall outlet before you clean it,
and use a damp cloth for cleaning, not liquid or aerosol
cleaners.
Cl Do not use your printer near water or spill any liquid on it.
Cl Do not place the printer on an unstable cart, stand, table, or
other surface that may allow the printer to fall.
0
Do not block any slots or openings in the cabinet. These are
provided for the ventilation necessary to ensure reliable
operation and protection from overheating. Placing the
printer on a bed, sofa, rug, or other similar surface may
block the openings. Also, do not place the printer in a
built-in installation unless proper ventilation is provided.
Q Never place the printer near or over a radiator or heat
register.
Cl Use the type of power source indicated on the label. If you
are not sure of the type of power available, consult your
dealer or local power company.
D
This printer may be equipped with a plug having a third
(grounding) pin, which fits only into a grounding-type
outlet. This is a safety feature. If you are unable to insert the
plug into the outlet, have an electrician replace your
obsolete outlet. Do not defeat the purpose of the
grounding-type plug.
0 Do not put your printer where the cord will be walked on.
4 Introduction
Cl
If you use an extension cord, make sure that the total of the
ampere ratings on the products plugged into the extension
cord does not exceed the extension cord’s ampere rating.
Also, make sure that the total of all products plugged into
the wall outlet does not exceed 15 amperes.
0 Never push objects of any kind into your printer because
they may touch dangerous voltage points or short out parts
that could result in a risk of fire or electric shock.
Cl
Except as specifically explained in the user’s manual, do not
attempt to repair the printer yourself. This could expose
you to dangerous voltage points or other risks. Refer all
servicing in those compartments to service personnel.
0 Unplug the printer from the wall outlet and have it
repaired by a qualified service person under the following
conditions:
When the power cord or plug is damaged or frayed
If liquid has been spilled into it
If it has been exposed to rain or water
If it does not operate normally when the operating instructions
are followed. Adjust only those controls that are covered by
the operating instructions since improper adjustment of
other controls may result in damage and will often require
extensive work by a qualified technician to restore the
printer to normal operation.
If it has been dropped or the cabinet has been damaged
If it exhibits a distinct change in performance, indicating a need
for service
.
Introduction 5
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
Warnings must be followed carefully to avoid bodily injury.
Cautions must be observed to avoid damage to your
equipment.
Notes contain important information and useful tips on the
operation of your printer.
6 Introduction
Chapter 1
Setting Up‘ Your Printer
About Your Ink Jet Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A few precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Choosing the right paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
1-2
1-4
Unpacking the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attaching the paper support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
1-6
Choosing a Place for the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6
Plugging in the Printer
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-7
Installing the Ink Cartridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-8
Testing the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading paper in the paper feeder . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running the self test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-14
1-14
1-16
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-17
Using Software Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Microsoft Windows 3.1 and all Windows Programs . . . .
What is a Printer Driver? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fonts with Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WordPerfect 5.1 for MS-DOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Microsoft Word for MS-DOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lotus l-2-3 Version 3.X for MS-DOS . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-18
1-18
1-19
1-19
1-20
1-21
1-21
1-21
Setting Up Other Software Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-22
Tips for Using the Paper Feeder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-23
Setting Up Your Printer
1-1
If you’re new to ink jet printers, you may wonder how they
differ from dot matrix or laser printers. Two noticeable benefits
of this technology are high print quality and quiet printing.
An ink jet printer produces cost-effective, quality print results.
When you use the right paper, you get crisp, laser-sharp
printouts usually associated with laser printers. And the ink
cartridge inside your printer is easier to replace and more
affordable than the toner cartridges used by lasers.
Inside the ink jet print head, tiny spray units, or jets, draw ink
from the cartridge and then propel ink dots onto the page in the
form of characters or graphics. Because the print head does not
strike the page as it prints, it is much quieter than an impact
printer such as a dot-matrix.
A few precautions
Even if you are familiar with other types of printers, be sure to
read through the following list of precautions to operate your
ink jet printer safely and efficiently:
cl The ink inside the ink cartridge contains isopropyl alcohol.
Under normal circumstances, it will not come out of the
cartridge. If leakage occurs, however, make sure ink does
not come in contact with your skin or eyes. If it does get on
your skin, wash it off with soap and water. If it gets in your
eyes, flush them with plenty of water and contact a
physician.
cl Keep the ink cartridges out of the reach of children.
cl After you remove the protective sealing tape, do not shake
the cartridge. This can cause leakage.
1-2
Setting Up Your Printer
0
Do not dismantle the ink cartridges or try to refill them.
CI
After removing an empty cartridge, put it in a plastic bag
for disposal.
0 Once you install the ink cartridge, do not remove it except
to replace it with a new one. The cartridge may become
unusable otherwise.
Q
Install the ink cartridge immediately after you remove it
from its package. Leaving the cartridge unpacked for a long
time before use may result in poor print quality.
Q Always wait until the print head stops moving before you
turn off the printer. (To stop printing quickly, press PAUSE
and then turn off the printer.)
Ll Do not put your hand inside the printer or touch the
cartridge during printing.
0
Before transporting the printer, make sure the print head is
capped, and do not remove the ink cartridge.
CI
Protect the print head on the ink cartridge and the circuit
board in the printer. Do not touch the head or the terminal,
and do not place the print head face down on anything.
Ll
Perform the cleaning cycle only if print quality has declined.
Cl Don’t move the print head by hand.
Setting Up Your Printer
1-3
Choosing the right paper
One of the keys to getting great results with your ink jet printer
is selecting the right paper. Paper absorbency is an especially
important consideration. With paper that is too absorbent, the
ink can bleed slightly, causing characters to blur. However,
with paper that is not absorbent enough, the ink may take too
long to dry and smear easily.
The finish and thickness of the paper are also important. Avoid
paper that has a rough finish or a slick, coated finish. Also,
avoid paper that is too thick or too thin. See the paper
specifications in the Appendix for more information.
Most correspondence-quality paper works in your printer
without problems. However, it is a good practice to test any
paper or envelopes in your printer before buying large
quantities.
To test a supply of paper, take a single sheet from the package
and load it in the printer. Perform the self test and check the
results. You should test both sides of the paper to determine
which gives you the best quality printing. (When you load
paper, remember that the printer prints on the bottom side of
the paper.) If the ink does not bleed or smear, the paper should
be suitable for use with your printer.
Because the drying speed for the ink depends on the pattern
being printed, the type of paper used, and the temperature and
humidity, some smudging or streaking may occur under
certain conditions. If the ink does not dry quickly enough, try
removing sheets one at a time as they finish printing.
Note:
Ink jet printers are particularly sensitive to the condition of your
paper. Keep unused paper in its original packaging material and store
it in a cool, dry place.
1-4
Setting Up Your Printer
Unpacking the Printer
Your printer box should include these items:
Power Cord
In some locations, the power cord comes attached to the
printer. The shape of the AC plug varies by country; be sure the
plug included is the right shape for your location.
Cair tion:
You must remove all packing and protective materials packed
with your printer before you can set it up and turn on the
power. Follow the directions on the Notice Sheet (inserted in
your printer) to remove these materials.
Save all of the packaging and the protective materials in case
you ever need to transport the printer.
Setting Up Your Printer
1-5
Attaching the paper support
You should install the paper support before you begin using
the printer. To install it, push the paper support notches onto
the mounting posts on the printer case.
Choosing a Place for the Printer
When selecting a location for your printer, follow these
guidelines:
0
Place the printer on a flat, horizontal, stable surface. If the
printer is tilted or at an angle, it cannot operate properly.
cl Place the printer close enough to the computer for the
interface cable to reach it easily.
cl Leave adequate room for easy operation and maintenance.
cl Avoid using or storing the printer in places subject to rapid
changes in temperature and humidity. Also keep it away
from direct sunlight, strong light sources, or heat
generating devices.
cl Avoid places subject to shocks and vibrations.
1-6
Setting Up Your Printer
Place the printer where you can easily unplug the power
cord.
Avoid electrical outlets controlled by wall switches or
automatic timers. Also, avoid outlets on the same circuit as
large motors or other appliances that can cause fluctuations
in line voltage.
Keep the entire computer system away from potential
sources of electromagnetic interference, such as
loudspeakers or the base units of cordless telephones.
Use a grounded power outlet; do not use an adapter plug.
If you plan to use a printer stand, follow these guidelines:
CI
Use a stand that supports at least 10 kg (22 lb).
0
Never use a stand that tilts the printer. It should always be
kept level.
Q
Place cables so they do not interfere with paper feeding;
secure them to a leg of the stand if possible.
Plugging in the Printer
1.
Make sure that the power switch is turned off. It is off when
the 0 side of the switch is pressed down.
Setting Up Your Printer
1-7
2.
Check the label on the back of the printer to make sure the
voltage required by the printer matches that of your
electrical outlet. Also, make sure that you have the correct
power cable for your power source.
Caution:
It is not possible to adjust the printer for use at another
voltage. If the rated voltage and your outlet voltage do not
match, contact your dealer for assistance. Do not plug in
the power cord.
3.
If the power cord is not attached to the printer, connect it to
the AC inlet on the back of the printer.
4.
Plug the power cord into a properly grounded electrical outlet.
Installing the Ink Cartridge
Warning:
The ink cartridge is a self-contained unit. Under ordinary use,
ink will not leak from the cartridge. If ink does come out, avoid
contact with skin and eyes. i’f ink gets in to your eyes, flush
them immediately with water and contact a physician. Wash
all traces of inkfiom your skin with soap and water after
handling an ink cartridge. If irritation occurs, contact a
physician.
1-8
Setting Up Your Printer
To prolong the life of your ink cartridge . . .
0
Always Gait until the print head stops moving before you
turn off the printer. (If you need to stop printing quickly,
press PAUSE, wait until the head stops moving, and then
turn off the printer.)
0
Never remove the ink cartridge except to replace it with a
new one.
Q Perform the cleaning cycle only if print quality has declined.
0
Don’t move the print head by hand.
0
Leave the cartridge sealed until just before you install it.
Follow these steps to install the ink cartridge:
1.
Turn on the printer. After the printer performs some
initializing procedures, the PAUSE light comes on and the
DATA and PAPER OUT lights begin blinking.
2.
Open the printer cover.
Setting Up Your Printer
1-9
1-10
3.
Hold down the REPLACE INK button until the carriage moves
to the middle of the printer.
4.
Release the button. The PAUSE light begins blinking.
5.
Open the package containing the ink cartridge.
6.
Remove the shipping cap from the ink cartridge by pushing it
on the right side carefully with your finger. Then remove
the tape from the ink cartridge.
Setting Up Your Printer
e
Caution:
Q
Do not tauch the print head on the ink cartridge.
Q
Do lzot hold
face down.
or
set down the cartridge with the print head
head
7.
Place your index finger on top of the carriage with your
thumb under the cartridge lever as shown in the illustration.
Setting Up Your Printer
1-11
Lift the cartridge lever with your thumb and move it gently as
far back as it will go.
8.
circuit
Q
9.
1-12
Warning:
Never touch the circuit board on the carriage.
Fit the cartridge over the circuit board as shown below.
Setting Up Your Printer
10. Pull the cartridge lever down until it clicks into place.
e
Caution:
Check that there is no space between the carriage and
cartridge.
there is, repeat the stepsfiom step 7 on page Z-11.
If
11. Press the REPLACE INK button to return the carriage to the
far right position. The printer then performs cleaning
procedures (it takes about 20 seconds). When the cleaning
is finished, the PAUSE light comes on.
12. Press the PAUSE button to turn the PAUSE light off.
13. Close the printer cover.
Setting Up Your Printer
1-13
Testing the Printer
After you install the ink cartridge, you can use the built-in self
test to make sure the printer is working properly. You can run
the self test with paper from the built-in paper feeder or by
feeding a sheet manually. This section describes loading paper
in the paper feeder.
Loading paper in the paper feeder
1-14
1.
Open the paper feeder cover and lift the paper separator.
2.
Fan a stack of letter-size or A4 paper; then tap it on a flat
surface to even the edges.
Setting Up Your Printer
3. Insert a stack of paper all the way into the paper feeder with
the printable surface face-down. Align the right edge of the
stack with the right edge of the paper feeder. Then move
the left edge guide to match the width of your paper, as
shown below.
4. Close the paper feeder cover and lower the paper separator to
secure the paper stack.
Now you are ready to run the self test. For more about printing
with the paper feeder, be sure to read “Tips for Using the Paper
Feeder” at the end of this chapter.
Setting Up Your Printer
1-15
Running the self test
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off.
2. While holding down the FONT button, turn on the printer. It
loads a sheet of paper automatically from the paper feeder
and begins the self test.
The printer prints characters in each font. Here is part of a
typical self test:
Courier
\I^- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{i}- !"#$%a'()*+,-./(
y- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{:}- !'#$%&'()*+,-./03
'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{i}- !'#$%&'()*+,-./OlZ
'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz(:)" "#$%&'()*+,-./0121
'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{:}- !'#$%&I()*+,-./01231
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{:}- !I#$%&'()*+,-./012341
bcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{:}- !'#$%&I()*+,-./012345t
Roman T
cdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{ I )- !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKL
defghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{ : } - !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLh
efghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz { I } - !"#$%&'()*+,-./012356789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLM:
1-16
3.
The self test continues until the paper in the paper feeder runs
out or you press the PAUSE button. To stop the test, press
the PAUSE button. To resume the test, press the PAUSE
button again.
4.
To end the self test, press the PAUSE button to stop printing
and then press the LOAD/EJECT button to eject the paper.
5.
Turn off the printer.
Setting Up Your Printer
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer
If the self test prints correctly, you are ready to connect your
printer to the computer. You need a shielded twisted-pair
parallel cable to connect your computer to the printer’s built-in
parallel interface.
Follow these steps:
1.
Make sure both the printer and computer are turned off.
2.
Plug the cable connector securely into the printer’s interface
connector.
3.
Squeeze the wire clips together until they lock in place on
both sides. If your cable has a ground wire, connect it to the
ground connector above the interface connector.
4.
Plug the other end of the cable into the computer’s parallel
interface. If there is a ground wire at the computer end of
the cable, connect it to the ground connector at the back of
the computer.
Setting Up Your Printer
1-17
Using Software Programs
To take full advantage of your printer’s features, find the
instructions for your software program or programs below.
After the instructions for specific programs is a section of
general information for other programs.
Microsoft@ Windows” 3.1 and all Windows Programs
If Windows is already installed on your system, follow the
steps below to choose the printer. Then your printer will work
correctly for all your Windows programs, such as Word for
Windows, Lotus@ l-2-3@ for Windows, and Core1 DRAW?
If Windows is not already installed on your system, run the
setup program as instructed by the Windows documentation,
and follow steps 4 through 10 below when you reach the
section for choosing a printer.
1.
In the window labeled Main, double click the Control Panel
icon.
2.
Double click the Printers icon.
3.
Choose the Add> button on the right side of the screen.
4.
In the list of printers box, select Epson Stylus 300.
If Stylus 300 is not available, select Epson Stylus 800 or
Epson AP-3250 ESC/P 2.
If these are also not available, select Epson LQ-870.
5. Choose the Install button. A dialog box may instruct you to
insert a diskette.
6.
If necessary, insert the diskette required.
7.
Choose the Setup button.
1-18
Setting Up Your Printer
8.
Select 360 x 360 as the Resolution.
9.
If you selected the LQ-870 printer, select Sheet Feeder
- Bin 1 as the Paper Source. This step is very important for
proper page breaks in your documents.
10. Choose the OK button.
11. Highlight Epson Stylus 300 (or the printer you added) and
click the button labeled Set As Default Printer.
12. Click the Close button.
You have now chosen the printer driver for Windows.
What is a Printer Driver?
The software you use to enter and format your documents
sends codes that run (or “drive”) your printer. These software
codes select the font, margins, page size, line spacing, and other
features of the document you are printing. Therefore, it is
important that you choose the right printer driver and install it
correctly from your software package. If there is a problem
with the appearance of your document, a software setting
could be the cause.
Fonts with Windows
Microsoft Windows standard drivers use scalable TrueTypeRv’
fonts rather than the fonts built into the printer. Windows fonts
appear the same on the screen as they do in your printed
document. (This feature is called WYSIWYG, What You See Is
What You Get.) All programs that run under Windows can use
the Windows printer driver to print their files. Therefore, you
have access to the full range of TrueType fonts if you use the
Windows Stylus 300, Stylus 800, Al?-3250, or LQ-870 driver.
Setting Up Your Printer
1-19
If you want to use the printer’s internal fonts and the TrueType
fonts, contact Microsoft Windows Product Support.
WordPerfect 5.1 for MS-DOS*
If your current version of WordPerfect does not support the
Epson Stylus 300, contact WordPerfect for details on obtaining
the correct driver.
Until your Stylus 300 driver arrives, you may want to install the
driver for one of the printers listed below:
Epson ActionPrinter 3250
Epson LQ-870
Note:
If you choose the LQ-870 printer in WordPerfect, be sure to select
Sheet Feeder Bin 1 in the Printer Setup screen.
If you have already installed WordPerfect for MS-DOS and you
want to add the WordPerfect Stylus 300 driver, follow the
instructions below:
1.
Select File and Print (or press Shift F7).
2. Type S (for Select Printer).
1-20
3.
Type 2 (for Additional Printers).
4.
Type 2 (for Other Disk).
5.
Insert the diskette containing the Epson Stylus 300 driver.
6.
When you see Directory for Printer files: C:\WP51\, type A:
or B:, depending on which drive you are using.
Setting Up Your Printer
7.
Select Stylus 300 from the list of Epson printers on the
diskette and press Enter. WordPerfect responds by
showing ‘the driver filename at the bottom of the screen.
8.
Press Enter. The program copies the file into the WordPerfect
directory.
You can access the printer’s internal scalable fonts by selecting
Font and Base Font (or pressing CTRL F8 and then pressing 4).
WordPerfect displays a list of all the Stylus 300 fonts, including
the scalable fonts.
Microsoft Word for MS-DOS
Contact Microsoft’s Word for MS-DOS Product Support to get
the latest drivers.
Lotus l-2-3 Version 3.X for MS-DOS
To obtain the latest printer driver files for Lotus l-2-3 for
MS-DOS, contact Lotus technical support.
Using Fonts
There are two sources for the fonts you use in your documents:
internal and downloaded. In addition to the internal fonts built
into your printer, many programs can send their own fonts to
the printer in the same way they send your documents. For
instance, Lotus l-2-3 creates and sends the fonts that it uses to
print spreadsheets.
Whether you use internal fonts or fonts downloaded from
software, you will most likely need to select your fonts through
your software.
Setting Up Your Printer
1-21
Setting Up Other Software Programs
To take full advantage of your printer’s features, including
ESC/P 2, choose one of the ESC/P 2 printers on the list below.
If none of these is listed, contact your software manufacturer
for an update that includes one of these. Until you receive an
update, choose another printer as close to the top of the list as
possible.
Stylus 300
Stylus 800
ActionPrinter 3250
SQ-87011170
LQ-870/ 1170
1
-
E.SC/P 2
ESC/P
LQ-850+/ 1050+
SQ-85012550
LQ-550/
10
1000
LQ-800/
10
1500
LQLQ-500
LQ-2550
LQ-570/ 1070
LQ- 100
-
If none of these printers is listed among your program’s
options, select the first one available from the following: LQ,
EX, FX, LX, RX, MX, Epson printer, Standard printer, and Draft
printer.
After you select the most appropriate printer as described
above, you may want to create and print a sample file with the
fonts and formats that you use most often. Printing the sample
file shows you how the printer works with your application
program.
If the printing results are not what you expect, see
“Troubleshooting” in Chapter 3 or consult your computer or
software manual.
1-22
Setting Up Your Printer
Tips for Using the Paper Feeder
Following the tips below will give you the best performance
when printing with the paper feeder.
Ll
Load paper into the paper feeder before you turn on the
printer and send data. When the printer receives data from
the computer, it loads a single sheet automatically and
begins to print.
cl If the printer runs out of paper during a print job, reload
the paper feeder and then press the LOAD/EJECT button to
continue printing.
cl Press the LOAD/EJECT button if you need to eject a sheet of
loaded paper.
0
You can switch to manual loading to feed single sheets or
envelopes without removing the paper supply from the
paper feeder. For instructions, see “Loading Paper
Manually” in Chapter 2.
cl Because most application programs take care of the top and
bottom margins, you should usually adjust the margins by
using your programs, taking the printer’s default loading
position into account. You can change the default loading
position. See “Using the Default-Setting Mode” in Chapter
2.
cl
The default page length for paper loaded from the paper
feeder is 61 lines (letter-size paper) and 65 lines (A$-size
paper). You can change it using your application program
or printer commands, if necessary. See the Appendix for
more about printer commands.
cl If the ink does not dry fast enough, try removing sheets one
at a time as they finish printing.
Setting Up Your Printer
1-23
Chapter 2
Using Other Printer Functions
Loading Paper Manually . .
Paper sizes . . . . . . . .
Printing on single sheets
Printing on envelopes . .
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. 2-2
. 2-2
. 2-2
. 2-4
Tips for Maintaining the Correct Printing Position . . . . . . .
2-6
Operating the Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Indicator lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-7
2-7
2-8
Selecting Character Fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scalable Fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Condensed printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-9
2-10
2-11
Using the Default-Setting Mode . . . . .
Default setting descriptions . . . . .
Changing the default settings . . . .
Changing the character-table setting
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. . . . . . . . 2-11
. . . . . . . . 2-12
. . . . . . . . 2-14
. . . . . . . . 2-17
Using Other Printer Functions
2-1
Loading Paper Manually
You can load single sheets of paper or envelopes from the
manual feed slot without removing the paper supply from the
paper feeder.
lvott?:
If you need instructions for using the paper feeder, see page I-14 in
Chapter I.
Paper sizes
You can use the manual feed slot to load single sheets of paper
from 210 mm (8.3 inches) to 216 mm (8.5 inches) wide and from
279 mm (11 inches) to’297 mm (11.7 inches) long.
You can also load the following envelope sizes from the manual
feed slot:
Ll
Envelope No. 6,166 mm (6.5 inches) wide x 92 mm
(3.6 inches)
CI
Envelope No. 10,240 mm (9.5 inches) wide x 104 mm
(4.1 inches)
Printing on single sheets
Follow these steps to load a single sheet in the manual feed slot:
1.
2-2
Turn on the printer.
Using Other Printer Functions
2.
Insert a single sheet of paper into the slot until it meets
resistance, aligning the right edge of the paper with the
arrow mark on the printer. The printer automatically loads
the sheet.
No tc:
[fthe slwt dots not load straight, press the LOAD/EJECT buttot? to
eject it. Tim try loading it aCgain.
3.
Now give your print command. When the printer receives the
data, it begins printing.
When the printer finishes printing, it ejects the sheet
automatically. If the sheet does not come all the way out,
press the LOAD/EJECT button.
4.
You can print as many sheets as you like from the manual
slot. When you want to switch to the paper feeder, press the
LOAD/EJECT button without inserting a sheet into the
manual slot. The printer then loads a sheet of paper from
the paper feeder.
Using Other Printer Functions
2-3
Note:
If the ink does not,dry fast enough, try removing sheets one at a time
as they finish printing.
Printing on envelopes
You can also use the manual feed slot to print on individual
envelopes.
1.
Turn on the printer and open the printer cover.
2. Press the PAUSE button to set the PAUSE light on.
2-4
3.
Hold down the REPLACE INK (ALT) button for several secor
and release the button when the carriage moves to the
middle position. The PAUSE light begins blinking.
4.
Turn the paper-thickness lever clockwise as far as it will go
5.
Press the REPLACE INK button to return the carriage to the
far right position. The PAUSE light comes on.
6.
Press the PAUSE button to turn the PAUSE light off.
Using Other Printer Functions
7.
Close the printer cover.
8.
Insert an envelope into the manual feed slot with the wide
end at the top entering the printer first and the printable
side face-up until it meets resistance. The printer loads the
envelope to the print position automatically.
9.
Now give your print command. The printer ejects the
envelope automatically when it is finished printing.
Note:
0
Make sure yoz4r application program keeps the printing entirely
within the printable area of the envelope. For a description of the
printable area, see the Appendix.
Ll
Use envelopes only under normal temperature and humidity
conditions.
LI
If the ink is not dryingfast enough, try removing envelopes one
at a time as theyfinish printing.
Using Other Printer Functions
2-5
When you switch back to the paper feeder, move the
paper-thickness lever back to its normai position. To do this,
first press the PAUSE button to turn the PAUSE light on. Next
hold down the REPLACE INK (ALT) button until the carriage
moves to the middle position. Then turn the paper-thickness
lever all the way to the left (counterclockwise).
Tips for Maintaining the Correct Printing Position
There is an area at the top and bottom edges of each sheet that
the printer uses to load and feed the paper. You cannot print on
these portions of the page.
If the margins and page breaks in your document do not take
into account these unprintable areas, you may find that the
printing position is too low on the page or that part of one page
is printed at the top of the next page. Your software may be set
to print on continuous paper or to print too many lines on a
page. To correct this problem, try the following:
Ll Select single sheets or sheet feeder bin 1 in your software
CI
Reduce the maximum number of lines per page
Cl Reduce the top and bottom margins in your document,
through your software application.
2-6
Using Other Printer Functions
Operating the Control Panel
The indicator lights and buttons on the printer control panel
give you easy control over most common printer operations.
0 0 Sans Serif H (PS)
0 8 Roman
80 Sans Serif
88 Prestige
U
FONT
0
0
u
COND:NSED
RESET
ut LOAD /EJECT
0 PAUSE
n
indicator lights
PAUSE
On when printing is paused.
FONT
Indicate the current font setting. These two lights go on and off
when you press the FONT button. The font menu on the control
panel helps you determine which font is selected. For
instructions on selecting fonts, see page 2-9.
CONDENSED
On when the condensed printing mode is selected. When this
mode is selected, the printer prints a condensed version of
selected fonts. See page 2-11 for more information.
Using Other Printer Functions
2-7
ECONOMY
On when the economy printing mode is selected. In economy
mode the printer uses fewer dots per character. The print speed
is the same in both economy and LQ mode, but the economy
mode uses less ink. This mode is ideal for rough drafts.
PAPER OUT
On when the printer runs out of paper. Rapid flashing indicates
a paper jam.
DATA
On when data remains in the printer’s memory.
Buttons
PAUSE
Press this button to stop printing temporarily. Press it again to
resume printing.
LOAD/EJECT
Press the LOAD/EJECT button to load or eject a sheet of paper.
If you have been printing from the manual feed slot, pressing
this button switches paper loading back to the paper feeder.
FONT
Press this button to cycle through the font choices on the font
menu. The FONT lights indicate the current selection.
ALT/REPLACE INK
Hold down this button for several seconds to move the carriage
to the ink cartridge replace position when the printer is paused.
The ALT button also alters the functions of the other buttons.
Hold down the ALT button and press another button to change
the functions as follows:
2-8
Using Other Printer Functions
PRINT HEAD CLEANING (ALT + PAUSE)
Starts print head cleaning cycle. See “Cleaning the Print Head”
on page 3-3 for details.
RESET (ALT + LOAD/EJECT)
Clears the printer’s buffer and initializes the printer settings to
their factory settings. See “Initialization” on page A-10 for
details.
ECONOMY/CONDENSED (ALT + FONT)
Selects economy printing or condensed mode. Press it again to
turn your selection off. The indicator light goes on or off next to
the mode you select.
Selecting Character Fonts
Your printer has six built-in character fonts including two new
Epson fonts: the Epson Roman T and Epson Sans Serif H. (The
Roman T is similar to the Timesn” font; Sans Serif H is similar to
Helveticc )
Press the FONT button to select from the six fonts listed on the
control panel. The two FONT lights come on (0), go off (a), or
flash (6) to indicate the active font.
00
Courier
o l Roman T (PS)
0
0
Sans Serif H (PS)
Roman
8 0 Sans Serif
88 Prestige
08
FONT
l
0
Using Other Printer Functions
2-9
The table below lists the available fonts and shows how the
FONT lights appear for each selection.
FONT lights
0
0
Fonts
Sample
Erxon Courier
0
l
Epson Roman T
ABCDEFGhijklm0123456789
ABCDEFGhijklmOl23456789
a
0
Epson Sans Serif H
ABCDEFGhijklmOl23456789
0
.I,
0
ij
Erxon Roman
Epson Sans Serif
ABCDEFGhijklmO123456789
ABCDEFGhi j klmOl23456789
ij
ij
EDson Prestige
ABCDEFGhiiklm0123456789
a
On 0 Off 0 Flashing 6
Scalable Fonts
The size of the Roman, Sans Serif, Roman T, and Sans Serif H
fonts can be selected from 8 to 32 points in 2-point increments
by using your application program or by sending an ESC/P 2
command. See the documentation that came with your
application program for information on selecting the size of
scalable fonts. See the Appendix for a list of ESC/P 2
commands.
2-10
Using Other Printer Functions
Roman
Epson
RomanT
Epson
Sans Serif
Epson
’
Epson
Epson
Epson
Sans Serif H
Epson
Epson
Epson
Epson
Epson
E p s o n Epson
Epson E p s o n
Epson
Condensed printing
Condensed printing reduces the size of characters to
approximately 60 percent of their normal width, allowing more
characters to fit on a line. This is useful for spreadsheets and
other applications where you need to print the maximum
amount of information on a page.
You can condense the current font by pressing the
ECONOMY/CONDENSED (ALT + FONT) button. (Epson
Roman T and Epson Sans Serif H cannot be condensed.) You
can condense printing that is 10 cpi, 12 cpi, and proportionally
spaced. You cannot condense 15-cpi printing.
Your printer comes with a series of internal settings that control
a variety of printer functions, such as print direction and
loading position. Because these settings take effect each time
you turn on the printer, they are called default settings.
Using Other Printer Functions
2-11
The factory default settings are designed to meet the needs of
most users, so you may not need to change them. The table
below lists the features you can select in the default-setting
mode.
For a detailed description of each setting, see “Default Setting
Descriptions, ” below. To change a setting, see “Changing the
default settings” on page 2-14.
Setting
Options
Character table
italic U.S.A., Italic France, Italic Germany,
Italic U.K., italic Denmark I, Italic Sweden,
Italic Italy, Italic Spain I, PC437, PC850.
PC860, PC863, PC865, PC861, BRASCII. or
Abicomp
Auto print direction
On, Off
Network interface mode
On, Off
Mixed text/graphics mode
On, Off
Auto line feed
On. Off
Loadina Dosiiion
3 mm, 8.5 mm
Note:
Most application software controls the character table and auto line
feed.
your software controls these features, you may never need to
set them with the control panel.
If
Default setting descriptions
Character fable
Character tables contain the characters and symbols used by
different languages. The printer prints text with the selected
character table.
2-12
Using Other Printer Functions
I
Auto print direction
The printer ordinarily prints text bidirectionally for speed and
prints graphics characters unidirectionally for precise vertical
alignment.
When auto print direction is set to on, the printer switches
automatically between bidirectional (for text data) and
unidirectional motion (for graphics data). When this feature is
set to off, the print head motion is controlled by your software.
Network interface mode
If your printer is connected to a single computer, leave this
feature off. If you want to use the printer in a network and
share it among multiple computers, set this feature to on.
When this feature is set to on, data may be present in the
printer’s buffer even though the printer is not continuously
printing. Always make sure the data light is off before turning
off the printer.
Mixed text/graphics mode
This feature is for software that has problems printing scalable.
font text combined with graphics. Leave the mixed
text/graphics mode set to off unless you notice problems in
your printout.
Auto line feed
When the auto line feed feature is on, each carriage return (CR)
code is accompanied by a line feed (LF) code. If your printed
text is unexpectedly double-spaced, set this feature to off. If text
lines print on top of each other, set it to on.
Using Other Printer Functions
2-13
Loading position
When you want to print more lines on a page, set this feature to
3 mm. For example, with A4-size paper and the loading
position set to 8.5 mm, you can print 65 lines per page with
l/6 inch line spacing, but with the 3 mm setting you can print
66 lines. If you set the top margin in your software, that setting
is added to the default-setting value.
Changing the default settings
To change the printer’s default settings, you use the control
panel buttons; the control panel lights show your selections.
Follow the steps below to make your changes:
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off and paper is loaded in
the paper feeder.
2.
Hold down the PAUSE button and turn on the printer to
enter the default-setting mode.
The printer loads a sheet of paper and prints a brief
summary and instructions. It instructs you to select the
language that you want messages printed in (English,
French, German, Italian, or Spanish).
2-14
Using Other Printer Functions
3.
Press the FONT button until the FONT lights indicate the
language of your choice; then press the ALT button to make
your selection.
English
FONT light
a
0
French
a
ij
German
0
0
Italian
0
0
Spanish
0
ij
Language
On 0 Off 0 Flashing 6
After you press the ALT button, the printer prints the current
default settings and the next instruction in the language
you selected. Wait until printing is finished; then go to the
next step.
4.
To move to the feature you want to change, press the ALT
button until the DATA and PAPER OUT lights indicate the
appropriate selection.
Default-setting menu
DATA light
PAPER OUT light
Character table
l
0
Auto print direction
0
ij
Network interface mode
0
0
Mixed text/graphics mode
0
0
Auto line feed
0
ij
Loading position
ij
a
On 0 Off 0 Flashing 6
For example, if you want to change the loading position setting,
press the ALT button until the DATA light flashes and the
PAPER OUT light is off.
If you are changing the character-table setting, skip to
“Changing the character-table setting” below.
Using Other Printer Functions
2-15
5.
Press the FONT button until the FONT lights match your
desired setting as shown in the table below.
On 0 Off l
2-16
6.
Repeat steps 4 and 5 to make all your changes.
7.
Exit the default setting mode by turning the printer off.
Using Other Printer Functions
1
Changing the character-table setting
First follow steps 1 through 4 above. Then follow the steps
below.
1. Press the LOAD/EJECT button to select the submenu of the
character-table menu, as shown in the table below.
Submenu
,Submenu 1
ECONOMY
light
a
Settings
Italic U.S.A.
Italic France
Italic Germany
Italic U.K.
Italic Denmark I
Italic Sweden
Italic Italy
Italic Spain I
PC437
PC850
PC860
PC863
PC865
PC861
BRASCII
Abicomp
Submenu 2
On 0 Off l
CONDENSED
light
0
Flashing 6
Using Other Printer Functions
2-17
2.
Press the FONT button to change the setting. As you move
from setting to setting, the FONT lights turn on, off, or flash
to show youi selection, as indicated in the following table.
On 0
3.
Off l
Flashing 8
Exit the default-setting mode by turning off the printer.
NO tc:
Ti Y’orr may exit the dejmlt-setting mode any time by turning off
tile +uGter. A fly cha?lges you have made remain in effect mtil
you challyc tfmr again.
2
2-18
If you want to check the new default settings, enter the
de,filult-setting mode again and print the current settings. After
you check thelIz, tzu,n the printer off to exit without makirrg
changes.
Using Other Printer Functions
Chapter 3
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3
Cleaning the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3
Replacing the Ink Cartridge
Cleaning the Print Head
Transporting the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Troubleshooting . .
Error indicators
Power supply .
Printing . . . . .
Paper handling .
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Maintenance and Troubleshooting
3-5
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-11
3-l
When the printed image is faint or nothing prints even after
you clean the print head, you need to replace the ink cartridge.
Use Epson ink cartridge SO20031.
1.
Make sure the printer is on.
2.
Open the printer cover.
3.
Press the PAUSE button to turn the PAUSE light on.
4.
Hold down the REPLACE INK (ALl) button for several
seconds and release the button when the carriage moves to
the middle position. The PAUSE light begins blinking.
5.
Lift the cartridge lever up until it clicks. The cartridge lifts
out of the carriage.
Warning:
Never touch the circuit board on the carriage.
6.
Lift the cartridge out of the printer and dispose of it properly.
Do not take the used cartridge apart or try to refill it.
Warning:
Ifink gets on your hands, wash them thoroughly with
soapy water. Avoid touching your eyes.
irritation
occurs, contact a physician.
If
7.
Open the package containing the ink cartridge.
Now follow the instructions in “Installing the Ink Cartridge” in
Chapter 1.
3-2
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
If print quality diminishes, use the printer’s built-in print-head
cleaning cycle to ensure that the nozzles are delivering ink
properly. To avoid wasting ink, clean the print head only if
print quality declines.
Follow these steps:
1.
Make sure the printer is turned on and the PAUSE light is on.
If the PAUSE light is not on, press the PAUSE button to
pause the printer.
2.
Hold down the ALT button and press the PAUSE button for
two seconds.
The cleaning cycle takes about 20 seconds. The PAUSE light
flashes throughout the cycle and then stays on when the
cleaning cycle is finished.
3.
Press the PAUSE button to resume printing.
To keep your printer operating at its best, you should clean it
thoroughly several times a year.
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off.
2.
Remove any paper from the paper feeder.
3.
Use a soft brush to carefully brush away all dust and dirt.
4.
If the outer case or the inside of the paper feeder is dirty,
clean it with a soft, clean cloth dampened with mild
detergent. Keep the printer cover closed to prevent water
from getting inside.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
3-3
5.
If the inside of the printer accidentally gets soiled with ink,
wipe it off with a damp cloth.
If you need to transport your printer some distance, carefully
repack it using the original box and packing materials as
follows:
3-4
1.
Open the printer cover and make sure that the print head is
capped in the far right position. If the print head is not
capped, turn on the printer to cap it. Then turn off the
printer.
2.
Unplug the power cord from the electrical outlet; then
disconnect the interface cable from the printer.
3.
Remove the paper from the paper feeder.
4.
Attach the protective material to the printer.
Maintenance and TroubIeshooting
5.
Repack the printer and power cord and place them in the
original box.
6.
Keep the printer flat in the box during transport.
7.
If the print quality is poor after transport, clean the print
head. See “Cleaning the Print Head.”
Troubleshooting
Most problems you may have with your printer have simple
solutions. Find your problem in this section and follow the
recommended steps. If you cannot solve your problem, contact
your dealer or a qualified service person for assistance.
Error indicators
Some problems are identified with a pattern of error indicators,
as listed in this table:
DATA light
-ij
a
PAPER OUT light
0
PAUSE light
0
6
ij
0
I
I
All panel lights flashing
Error status
Paper out
0
Paper jam
0
ij
No ink cartridge
Carriage error
Fatal ink system error
I
On 0 Off 0 Flashing 6
c
Paper out
No paper is loaded in the printer. Load paper again and press
the PAUSE button to set the PAUSE light off.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
3-5
Paper jam
The paper is jammed inside the printer. Follow the steps on
page 3-13.
No ink cartridge
No ink cartridge is installed. Install an ink cartridge.
Carriage error
A carriage error occurred. Turn off the printer. After a few
seconds, turn it back on again.
Fatal ink system error
Contact your dealer.
Power supply
The printer does not work and control panel lights are off.
Check that the power cord is properly plugged into the
electrical outlet.
Check that the side of the power switch with the vertical bar ( I )
is pressed down to turn on the printer.
If the electrical outlet is controlled by an outside switch or
automatic timer, use a different outlet.
Plug another electrical device into the outlet to determine
whether it is working.
3-6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
The lights come on briefly but then go off and stay off.
Check that the printer’s voltage rating matches the voltage of
your electrical outlet. If the voltages do not match, unplug the
printer and contact your dealer immediately. Do not reconnect
the power cord to an electrical outlet.
Printing
The DATA, PAPER OUT, and PAUSE lights flash but nothing prints.
Contact your dealer.
Printing stops and the DATA and PAUSE lights flash.
A carriage error occurred. Turn off the printer. After a few
seconds turn it on again.
The DATA and PAPER OUT lights flash, and the printer does not
print.
The ink cartridge is not installed. Install an ink cartridge.
Printing stops and the PAUSE light is on.
:
Printing has been temporarily suspended. Press the PAUSE
button to continue.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
3-7
The PAUSE light is off but nothing prints.
The interface cable may not be plugged in securely. Check both
ends of the cable between the printer and the computer. Make
sure your interface cable meets both the printer and computer
specifications.
Make sure your software is properly set up for your printer.
Ink cartridges do not last long enough.
See the information on page l-8.
Printed output is not what you expect.
If the printer does not print correctly, try the self test described
on page l-14. If the self test works properly, the printer is all
right and the problem probably lies in the computer, the
software, or the interface cable. (Be sure to use a shielded
cable.) If the self test does not work, contact your dealer or a
qualified service person.
Check the printer settings within your software program.
Use the hex dump mode to pinpoint communication problems
between the printer and your application program. To enter the
hex dump mode, hold down the LOAD/EJECT and FONT
buttons and turn on the printer. Then send data from the
computer. The printer prints the exact codes it receives from the
computer in hexadecimal format. You can analyze this
information to isolate problems.
3-8
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
The printer sounds like it is printing, but nothing prints.
I
The print head nozzles may be clogged. Turn the PAUSE light
off. Next, hold down the ALT button and press the PAUSE
button for two seconds to clean the print head. See “Cleaning
the Print Head” earlier in this chapter.
Dots are missing in printed characters or graphics.
:
The print head nozzles may be clogged. Turn the PAUSE light
off. Next, hold down the ALT button and press the PAUSE
button for two seconds to clean the print head. See “Cleaning
the Print Head” earlier in this chapter.
Set the Mixed text/graphics mode to on in the default-settings
mode. See “Using the Default-Settings Mode” in Chapter 2.
Set the Network interface mode to on in the default-settings
mode. See “Using the Default-Settings Mode” in Chapter 2.
The printed image is light or faint.
The print head nozzles may be clogged. Turn the PAUSE light
off. Next, hold down the ALT button and press the PAUSE
button for two seconds to clean the print head. See “Cleaning
the Print Head” earlier in this chapter.
When the printed image is light or faint even after you clean
the print head, the ink cartridge is empty. Replace the ink
cartridge with a new one.
The paper-thickness lever may not be set correctly. The raised
position for envelopes may cause faint printouts if used for
plain paper. For details on the paper-thickness lever, see
“Loading Paper Manually” in Chapter 2.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
3-9
Your paper may be moist or damp. Ink jet printers are sensitive
to moisture absorbed by the paper. Do not store your paper in a
damp or humid environment.
You may have selected the economy printing mode. To exit this
mode, press the ECONOMY/CONDENSED (ALT + FONT)
button until the ECONOMY light goes off.
The printed image is blurred.
You may not be using the correct type of paper. Although most
types of business-correspondence-quality paper work well with
your printer, you should always test the paper you want to use
before buying it in large quantities. See Chapter 1 for tips on
choosing the right paper.
You may not be printing on the correct side of the paper. Test
both sides to determine which side gives you the best print
quality.
Your paper may be moist or damp. Do not store your paper in
a damp or humid environment.
The typestyles or characters set with your software do not print.
Check that the program is correctly configured for your printer.
The font selected on the control panel does not print.
Software settings override the control panel settings. Use the
font settings in your software.
The wrong characters are printed.
The wrong character table is selected. Change the character
table as described in “Using the Default-Setting Mode” in
Chapter 2.
3-10
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Printing starts too high or too low on the page.
Adjust the top margin using your software program.
All the text prints on the same line.
:
Set auto line feed to on in the default-setting mode so that the
printer automatically adds a line-feed code to each carriage
return. See “Using the Default-Setting Mode” in Chapter 2.
The text prints an extra blank line between each text line.
Set auto line feed to off in the default-setting mode so that two
line-feed signals are not sent. See “Using the Default-Setting
Mode” in Chapter 2.
Line spacing is incorrect. Adjust the line-space setting with
your software.
Printed page length is not as expected.
The page length setting may not match the length of the paper
loaded in the printer. Change the page length setting within
your software to match the paper you are using.
Paper handling
The printer does not print; the PAPER OUT and PAUSE lights are on.
No paper is loaded in the printer. Load paper in the paper
feeder or from the manual feed slot; then press the PAUSE
button to set the PAUSE light off.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
3-11
Single sheets do not feed properly from the paper feeder.
Too many sheets are loaded in the paper feeder. Remove the
paper from the paper feeder and reload up to 100 sheets.
The paper is too thick or too thin to be fed. Make sure that the
paper you are using meets the specifications. Some paper types
require manual feeding. See “Technical Specifications” in the
Appendix.
The printer loads more than one sheet at a time.
-
The paper is too thin. Make sure that the paper you are using
meets the specifications. Some paper types require manual
feeding. See “Technical Specifications” in the Appendix.
The ejected paper is wrinkled.
The paper is too thin or is damp. Make sure that the paper you
are using meets the specifications. See “Technical
Specifications” in the Appendix. Do not store your paper in a
damp or humid environment.
The paper does not fully eject.
Use the LOAD/EJECT button to eject the page.
The paper may be too long to be loaded from the manual feed
slot. Use paper that is within the specified size. See “Technical
Specifications” in the Appendix.
Paper is loaded crookedly from the manual feed slot.
Use the LOAD/EJECT button to eject the page. Then insert a
new sheet straight into the manual feed slot.
3-12
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
The paper is jammed inside the printer.
To clear a paper jam follow the steps below.
1.
Open the printer cover and the paper feeder cover.
2.
Pull the access panel away from the rear of the printer, as
shown below.
3.
Pull the paper out gently. If it tears, make sure you remove
any remaining pieces.
4.
If the paper is caught in the paper ejection area, gently pull it
out of the printer.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
3-13
5.
Push the access panel back to the rear of the printer and close
the printer cover and the paper feeder cover.
Preventing paper feed and paper jam problems
If you have frequent paper feed or paper jam problems, try
these corrective measures:
Use a higher-quality paper, one that is not too thin or
rough. Some types of paper require manual feeding. See
Chapter 2.
Fan the stack of paper and straighten it before loading.
Be sure that you do not load too much paper in the paper
feeder. You can load up to 100 pages.
Try turning the stack of paper over in the paper feeder.
Most packages of paper indicate the best side with an arrow
on the end of the package. Make sure the best side is loaded
face down.
3-14
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Appendix
Technical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printer specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-2
A-2
Command Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-12
Sending printer commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-12
Using the command summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-12
Character Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-23
Appendix A-l
Technical Specifications
Printer specifications
Printing
Printing method:
Thermal $&nozzle ink jet matrix
Printable columns and printing speed:
Printable
columns
Printing speed
(characters per second)
10
80
110
12
96
132
15
120
165
17(10condensed)
137
189
20(12condensed)
160
220
Character pitch
(characters per inch)
Maximum Resolution:
360 x 360 dpi text, graphics
Printing direction:
Bidirectional with logic-seeking for text and
graphics. (The auto print direction can be
set in the default-setting mode.)
Line spacing:
l/6 inch, l/8 inch, or programmable in
l/360-inch increments
Paper feed speed:
110 milliseconds per l/6-inch line
Input buffer:
8KB when mixed text/graphics
option in default-setting mode is set to ON
24KB when mixed text/graphics
option in default-setting mode is set to OFF
A-2 Appendix
Bitmap fonts:
1
Font
.
Epson Roman
1 10 cpi 1 12cpi ) 15 cpi I Proportional I
0
0
0
0
EDson Sans Serif
I
I
0
0
Epson Courier
I
0
I
Epson Prestige
I
0
I
0
0
0
I
I
0
0
0
-
I
-
I
I
Select other font/pitch combinations using ESC/P 2 commands. See
the command summary later in this chapter for a list of commands.
Scalable fonts:
Font
Epson Roman
Epson Sans Serif
Epson Roman T
Epson Sans Serif H
Min pt
a
a
a
a
Max pt
Increments
32
32
32
32
2 Pt
2 Pt
2 Pt
2 Pt
Character tables:
One italic and 8 graphic character tables
Character sets:
14 international character sets and 1 legal
character set
Paper
Single sheets (paper feeder):
Size
Thickness
Weight
Letter (8.5 x 11 inches) or A4 (210 x 297 mm)
0.065 to 0.14 mm (0.0026 to 0.0055 inches)
64 to 90 g/m* (18 to 24 lb)
Cl Use 90g/m2 (24 lb) paper under normal
temperature and humidity conditions.
Quality
Bond paper, plain paper
Single sheets (manual insertion):
Width
Length
Thickness
Weight
Quality
210 to 216 mm (8.3 to 8.5 inches)
279 to 297 mm (11.0 to 11.7 inches)
0.065 to 0.11 tim (0.0026 to 0.0043 inches)
52 to 90 g/m2 (14 to 24 lb)
Bond paper, plain paper
Appendix A-3
Note:
Use recycled paper under normal temperature and humidity conditions only.
Poor quality paper niny reduce print quality and cause paper jams and other
problems. If you encounter problems, switch to a higher grade of paper.
Envelopes (Manual insertion):
Size
Thickness
Weight
166 x92mm(6.5 x3.6 inches)
No.6
No.10 24Ox104mm(9.5 x4.1 inches)
0.16 to 0.52 mm (0.0063 to 0.0197 inches)
2
45 to 90 g/m (12 to 24 lb)
0 Use envelopes only under normal
temperature and humidity conditions.
0 Insert envelopes long side first; use the
manual feed slot only.
Quality
Bond paper, plain paper, air mail
0 Difference in thickness within the
printable area must be less than 0.25 mm.
Printable area:
Single sheets (paper feeder and manual insertion)
B
4
A-4 Appendix
Envelopes:
A
I
C
B
A
B
C
The minimum top margin is 3.0 mm (0.12 inches).
The minimum left margin is 3.0 mm (0.12 inches).
The minimum right margin is:
3.8 mm (0.15 inches) for the A4-size paper feeder
9.7 mm (0.38 inches) for the letter-size paper feeder
3 mm (0.12 inch) for manual insertion
The minimum bottom margin is 13.0 mm (0.51 inches).
Mechanical
Paper-feed method:
Friction
Ink cartridge (SO20031):
Color
Print capacity
Temperature
Black
Approximately 0.7 million characters
in letter quality mode
-10” to 35°C (50” to 95°F) (storage)
MTBF:
4,000 power-on hours
Total print volume:
25,000 pages (1000 characters/A4 or letter)
Appendix A-5
Dimensions and weight:
Height
Width
Depth
,
Weight
159 mm (6.3 inches)
435 mm (17.1 inches)
264 mm (10.4 inches) (without paper support)
400 mm (15.7 inches) (with paper support)
4.8 kg (10.6 lb)
Elecfricul
120 V model:
Rated voltage
Input voltage range
Rated frequency range
Input frequency range
Rated current
Power consumption
AC 120 V
AC 103.5 to 132 V
Sot060 Hz
49.5 to 60.5 Hz
0.4 A
Approx. 12 W (during selftest printing in LQ mode
at 10 cpi)
220-240 V model:
Rated voltage
Input voltage range
Rated frequency range
Input frequency range
Rated current
Power consumption
AC 220 to 240 V
AC 198 t0 264 V
50to60 Hz
49.5 to 60.5 Hz
0.2 A
Approx. 12 W (during
self-test printing in LQ
mode at 10 cpi)
No tc:
Cheek the label OH the back of the printerfor the printer voltage.
A-6 Appendix
Environmental
T e m p e r a t u r e : @eration:
Storage:
10” to 35°C (50” to 95°F)
-20” to 60°C (-4” to 140°F)
Humidity (without condensation):
Operation:
Storage:
20 to 80% RH
5 to 85% RI-I
80%
print assured
area
55%
20%
10°C
(50°F)
27°C
35°C
(80°F)
(95°F)
Safety approvals
Safety standards:
US model:
European model:
UL1950 with D3, CSA22.2 #/950
EN 60950 (TUV)
IEC 950 (SEMKO, DEMKO,
NEMKO, SETI)
R.F.I.:
US model:
European model:
FCC Part 15 Subpart B class B
Vfg. 243 (VDE 0878 part 3, part 30)
EN 55022 (CISPR Pub 22) class B
Appendix A-7
Interface specifications
Your printer is equipped with an &bit parallel interface.
Specifications and pin assignments
The built-in parallel interface has the following characteristics:
Data format:
&bit parallel
Synchronization:
STROBE pulse
Handshake timing:
BUSY and ACKNLG signals
Signal level:
TTL compatible
Connector:
36-pin 57-30360 Amphenol connector or
equivalent
The table below provides the connector pin assignments and describes
their respective interface signals.
Signal
Pin
Return
Pin
1
19
Direction
Signal
Description
STROBE
IN
STROBE pulse to read data.
Pulse width must be more
than 0.5 fl at the receiving
terminal.
20
21
22
23
24
25
~ 26
27
DATA 1
DATA 2
DATA 3
DATA 4
DATA 5
DATA 6
DATA 7
DATA 8
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
These signals represent
information in bits 1 to 8 of
parallel data respectively.
Each signal is at HIGH level
when data is logical 1 and
LOW when it is logical 0.
28
ACKNLG
i-
A-
A-8 Appendix
’
OUT
About an 11-p pulse. LOW
indicates that data has been
received and that the printer
is ready to accept more
data.
Signal
Pin
Return
Pin
11
29
BUSY
OUT
A HIGH signal indicates the
printer cannot receive data.
The signal goes HIGH in the
following cases:
1) During data entry (for
each
character)
2) During printing
3) When the PAUSE button is
pressed
4) During an error state
12
30
PE
OUT
A HIGH signal indicates that
the printer is out of paper.
13
SLCT
OUT
Pulled up to 5 V through
1 .O kR resistance
14
AUTO
FEED
XT
IN
15
NC
16
GND
17
CHASSIS
GND
18
NC
19-30
GND
31
16
Direction
INIT
Description
When this signal is LOW, the
paper is automatically fed
one line after printing.
Not used
Logic ground level
Printer’s chassis ground,
which is isolated from the
logic ground
Not used
Twisted-pair return signal
ground level
IN
When this level becomes
LOW, the printer controller is
reset to its state when the
power is first turned on and
the print buffer is cleared.
This level is normally HIGH; its
pulse width must be more
than 50 txz at the receiving
terminal.
I
Appendix A-9
Signal
Pin
Return
Pin
32
-
ERROR
OUT
33
-
GND
-
34
-
NC
35
-
36
-
Signal
Direction
This level becomes LOW
when the printer:
1) Is out of paper
2) The PAUSE button is
pressed
3) Is in an error state
Same as for pins 19-30
Not used
OUT
NC
Description
IN
Pulled up to 5 V through
1 .O kQ resistance
Not used
Note:
Q The column heading “Direction” refers to the direction of signal flow as
Viewed from the printer.
cl
“Return” denotes the twisted-pair return, to be connected at signal
ground level. For the interface wiring, be sure to use a twisted-pair
cab/e for each signal and to complete the connection on the return
side.
cl
A// interface conditions are based on the TlZ level. Both the rise and fall
times of each signa/ must be less than 0.2 microseconds.
cl
Data transfer must be carried out by observing the ACKNLG or BUSY
signal. Data transfer to this printer can be carried out on/y after receipt
of the ACKNLG signal or when the BUSY signal is LOW.
lnitializa tion
The printer can be initialized (returned to a fixed set of conditions) in three
ways:
Hardware initialization
A-10 Appendix
* The power is turned on.
* The printer receives an lNlT signal from
the parallel interface (pin 31 goes LOW).
The following condition then results:
1) The printer mechanism is initialized.
2) The input data buffer is cleared.
3) The download character set is cleared.
4) The print buffer is cleared.
5) The default values are set.
Software initialization
* Software sends the ESC @ (initialize the
printer) command.
The following condition then results:
1) The print buffer is cleared.
2) The default values are set. (The last
panel settings are maintained.)
Control panel initialization
* Hold down the ALT button and press the
LOAD/EJECT button.
The following results:
1) The printer mechanism is initialized.
2) The input data buffer is cleared.
3) The download character set is cleared.
4) The print buffer is cleared.
5) The default values are set. (The last
panel settings are kept.)
Default settings
The table below shows the default settings that take effect when the
printer is initialized.
Item
Default setting
Top-of-form position
Current paper position
Page length
Single sheets:
65 lines for A4-size paper
61 lines for letter-size paper
22 inches for manual insertion
Left and right margins
Cancelled
Line spacing
1 Mnch line spacing
Character size
10.5 point
Vertical tab position
Cleared
Horizontal tab positions
Every eight characters
Font selection
Last font selected on control panel
Special printing effects
Cancelled (except condensed printing)
Download character set
Hardware/control panel ,initialization:
cleared
Software initialization: deselected only
In addition, hardware and control panel initialization clears the data
buffer.
Appendix A-11
Command Summary
Sending printer commands
Most actions your printer performs are handled by your software.
Software commands instruct the printer to print in a particular typeface,
feed the paper a certain amount after printing each line, start printing a
particular place on the page, and so on.
Some software programs let you send these commands yourself. The
commands your printer recognizes are listed in this command summary.
How you format commands depends on the software you are using. Some
software programs accept only the decimal format, while others let you
type in ASCII characters. (Some programs don’t let you insert printer
commands at all.) In addition, your software probably specifies certain
punctuation you must use to enter the command. If your software allows
you to send commands to the printer, the software manual should explain
exactly what format and punctuation are required.
Using the command summary
The following section lists and describes all the commands by topic. If a
command has no parameters, it is merely listed. If it has parameters, they
are explained. The parameters are indicated by lowercase italicized letters,
usually n. The examples below show how the parameters are indicated.
ESC @ is a command with no parameters.
ESC U l/O is a command that uses 1 to turn the feature on and 0 to turn it
ESC $ nl n2 is a command with two parameters.
ESC D nn is a command with a variable number of parameters.
A-12 Appendix
Commands arranged by topic
General operation
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC @
64
40
Initialize Printer
ESC U l/O
85
55
Turn Unidirectional Mode On/Off
ESC EM n
25
19
Control Paper Loading/Ejecting
n = “R” Ejects the sheet
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
CR
13
OD
Carriage Return
FF
12
oc
Form Feed
LF
10
OA
Line Feed
ESCO
48
30
Select 1 /&inch Line Spacing
ESC 2
50
32
Select l/6-inch Line Spacing
ESC3n
51
33
Set n/180-inch Line Spacing
ESC+n
43
2B
Set n/360-inch Line Spacing
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC(cnn
4099
28 63
Set Page Format
ESC(c4OmZm2nln2
m=ml+m2x256
m: Top margin in defined units
Paper feeding
Page format
n=nl+n2x256
n: Bottom margin in defined units
ESC(Cnn
40 67
28 43
Set Page Length in Defined Unit
ESC(C20nln2
n=nl +n2x256
n: Number of defined units
ESCCn
67
43
Set Page Length in Lines
n = Number of lines
Appendix A-13
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESCCOn
67
43
Set Page Length in Inches
n = Number of inches
ESCNn
78
4E
Set Bottom Margin for
Continuous Paper
n = Number of lines
ESC 0
79
4F
Cancel Top/Bottom Margin for
Continuous Paper
ESCln
108
6C
Set Left Margin
n = Left margin column
ESCQn
81
51
Set Right Margin
n = Right margin column
Print position motion
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC $ nl n2
36
24
Set Absolute Horizontal Print Position
n=nl +n2x256
n: Specifies print position from left
margin in defined units
* Before you define the unit, the
default is l/60 inch for this command.
ESC \ nl n2
92
5c
Set Relative Horizontal Print Position
n=nZ+n2x256
n: Moves current print position in
defined units
+ Before you define the unit, the
default is l/120 inch in draft and
l/180 inch in LQ for this command.
ESC(Vnn
40 86
28 56
Set Absolute Vertical Print Position
ESC(V20nln2
n=nl +n2x256
72: Specifies print position from top
margin in defined units
A-14 Appendix
Hex.
ASCII
Dec.
ESC(vnn
,40 118 2876
Description
Set Relative Vertical Print Position
ESC(v20nln2
n=nl +n2x256
n: Moves current print position in
defined units
ESC D nn
68
44
Set Horizontal Tabs
Up to 32 tabs entered in ascending
order
Terminated by 0
HT
9
09
Tab Horizontally
ESC B nn
66
42
Set Vertical Tabs
Up to 16 tabs; last n should be 0
VT
11
OB
Tab Vertically
ESC JYZ
74
4A
Advance paper n/180 inch
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESCkn
107
6B
Select Typeface
n = 0: Roman
1: Sans Serif
2: Courier
Font selection
3: Prestige
10: Roman T
11: Sans Serif H
Appendix A-15
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC X nn
88
58
Select Font by Pitch and Point
ESCXmnl n2
m: Set pitch to 360/m cpi
??Z= 0: No change in pitch
m= 1: Select proportional
m= 0, 1,18,21,24,30,36,42,
48,60, or 72
n=nl +n2x256
n: Set point size in 0.5 points
Total points = (nl + n2 x 256) x 0.5
n = 0: No change in point
n = 0,16,21,24,28,32,36,
40,44,48,52,56,60, or 64
(for Roman, Sans Serif
Roman T, and Sans Serif H.)
n = 0,21,42 (for other typefaces)
* Cancel ESC X with ESC P,
M g, p, !, or @
ESC I’
80
50
Select 10.5 point, 10 cpi
ESCM
77
4D
Select 10.5 point, 12 cpi
ESC g
103
67
Select 10.5 point, 15 cpi
ESC p l/O
112
70
Turn Proportional Mode On/Off
ESCxn
120
78
Select LQ or Draft
n = 0: Draft
1: LQ
ESC 4
52
34
Select Italic Font
ESC 5
53
35
Cancel Italic Font
ESC E
69
45
Select Bold Font
ESC F
70
46
Cancel Bold Font
A-16 Appendix
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC!n
33
21
Master Select
To find the value of n, add together
the numbers of the font attributes and
enhancements you want to combine
from the list below:
16: Double-strike
n = 0: 1Ocpi
32:
Double-width
1: 12 cpi
2: Proportional 64: Italic
4: Condensed 128: Underline
8: Bold
Font enhancement
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
SI
15
OF
Select Condensed Printing
DC2
18
12
Cancel Condensed Printing
so
14
OE
Select Double-Width Printing (one
line)
ESC W l/O
87
57
Turn Double-Width Printing On/Off
DC4
20
14
Cancel Double-Width Printing (one
line)
ESCwl/O
119
77
Turn Double-Height Printing On/Off
ESC G
71
47
Select Double-Strike Printing
ESC H
72
48
Cancel Double-Strike Printing
ESCSO
83
53
Select Superscript Printing
ESCSl
83
53
Select Subscript Printing
ESC T
84
54
Cancel Superscript/Subscript Printing
Appendix A-l 7
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC(-nn
40 45
28 2D
Select Line/Score
ESC(-30lnln2
nl = 1: Underline
2: Strikethrough
3: Overscore
n2 = 0: Cancel score line
selected by nl
1: Single continuous line
2: Double continuous line
5: Single broken line
6: Double broken line
ESC - l/O
45
2D
Turn Underline On/Off
ESCqn
113
71
Select Character Style
n = 0: Normal style
1: O u t l i n e
2: S h a d o w
3: Outline with
shadow
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC SP n
32
20
Set Intercharacter Space
n = Number of units of space added
to the space between characters
Units are l/120 inch (draft) and
l/180 inch (LQ and proportional)
ESC(Unn
40 85
28 55
Define Unit
ESC(UlOn
Define positioning unit as n/3600 inch
n = 10,20,30,40,50, or 60
n = 10: default
ESC c nl n2
99
63
Set Horizontal Motion Index (HMI)
Select Pitch in n/360-inch units
Total units = nl + n2 x 256
Spacing
A-18 Appendix
_
Character handling
ASCII
, Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC(tnn
40 116
2874
Assign Character Table
ESC(t3Odld2d3
Assign Character Table set with d2
and d3 to table dl
dl = 0, 1,2,3,48,49,50, or 51
d2 d3 Character Table
0
0 Italic
1
0 PC 437 (USA)
3
0 PC 850 (Multilingual)
7
0 PC 860 (Portuguese)
8
0 PC 863 (Canada-French)
9
0 PC 865 (Norway)
24 0 PC 861 (Icelandic)
25 0 BRASCII (Brazilian
Portuguese)
26 0 Abicomp (Brazilian
Portuguese)
ESCtn
116
74
Select Character Table
Select character table n assigned by
ESC(t
n = 0, 1,2,3,48,49,50, or 51
n = 2: Remaps download characters
from 0 - 127 to 128 - 255, unless a
character table has been assigned
to 2 with the ESC ( t command
Appendix A-19
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESCRn
82
52
Select an International Character Set
7: Spain I
n = 0:USA
8: Japan
1: France
9: Norway
2: Germany
10: Denmark
3: UK
4: Denmark I 11: Spain II
12: Latin America
5: Sweden
13: Korea
6: Italy
64: Legal
ESC &. nn
38
26
Define User-Defined Character
ESC & 0 nl n2 dO dl d2 data
nl = First character number
n2 .= Last character number
d0 = Left space of character
dl = Body width of character
d2 = Right space of character
data: 3 bytes required for each
character; super/subscript requires
only 2 bytes per character
ESC:OnO
58
3A
Copy ROM to RAM
n=0,1,2,3,4,5,6,or9
n : Typeface (see list in ESC k
command description)
ESC % n
37
25
Select User-Defined Set
n = 0: Normal set
1: User-defined set
ESC 6
54
36
Enable Printing of Upper Control Codes
This command enables the printing of
codes 128-159 (if current table has
characters in those locations).
ESC7
55
37
Enable Upper Control Codes
Cancels ESC 6
ESC ( A nn
40 94
28 5E
Print Data as Characters
ESC ( * nl n2 data
n=nl +n2x256
n:
Amount of data
data:The following n bytes of data
printed as characters
A-20 Appendix
Bit image
, Dec.
ASCII
ESC * nn
42
Hex.
Description
2A
Select Bit Image
ESC * m nl n2 data
n=nl +n2x256
n: Total columns
Total data = (nl + n2 x 256) x t
t = Number of data bytes per column
m
Horizontal
density (dpi)
0
1
2
3
4
6
32
33
38
39
40
71
72
73
60
120
120
240
80
90
60
120
90
180
340
180
360
360
Vertical
density (dpi)
Pins
60
60
60
60
60
60
180
180
180
180
180
360
360
360
8
8
8
8
8
24
24
24
24
24
24
48
48
48
Adjacent
dots print
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
t
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
3
3
3
3
6
6
6
Graphics
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC(Gnn
4071
2847
Select Graphics Mode
ESC(GlOn
n=lor49
+ Cancel Graphics mode with ESC 63
Appendix A-21
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC . nn
46
2E
Print Raster Graphics
ESC.cvhmnZnZdata
C = 0: Full graphics mode
1: Compressed mode
V = 10,20: Dot density for vertical in
3600/v DI’I
=
10,20:
Dot density for horizontal
h
in 3600/h DM
m: Number of vertical dots
11n-624
n: Number of horizontal dots
Total dots = nl + n2 x 256
*
The following combination is not
allowed:
v=lOandh=20
A-22 Appendix
These character tables are selected with the default-setting mode or by
using a command.
All tables except the italic character table are the same as the PC437 table
for hex codes 00 through 7F, so only the PC437 table is shown completely.
The rest of the tables show only the characters for hex codes 80 through FF.
PC437 (USA, standard Europe)
CCDE0123456789ABCDEF
0
MJL
0 @P * p c fi & 1::::: L JL a s
1
!lAQaqtiaigl~fi+
2
3
4
D
E
F
DC2 " 2BRbr&lE6%
#3CScsbGti
0@$4DTdtaifi
CR
SO
SI
-
>
N
A
n
j?O-0
-
A
A
<<
r 1
4
+
Iif>>,&
E
1
I
n
Appendix A-23
PC850 (Multilingual)
PC860 (Portuguese)
89ABCDEF
0
1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
2
3
4
5
6
7
a
9
a
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
A
6
C
D
E
F
PC863 (Canadian-French)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
89ABCDEF
C E I ;; L Y a z
ii t ’ 3. * f p f
a
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
A-24 Appendix
PC865 (Norwegian)
PC86 I (Icelandic)
89ABCDEF
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
Abicomp
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
FF
f
f
i
Q
Appendix A-25
Italic
CCOE
0
1
89ABCDEF
MJL
8
9
O@P'P
!ZAQaq
DC2 " 2BRbr
#3CSCS
cnx$4 DTdt
%SEUeu
&dFVfv
'7GWgw
(8HXhx
HrEM)9IYiy
A
B
VTESC+
c
A
2
3
4
5
6
7
D
E
F
LF
C
SO
SI
*:JZjZ
;
K
C
k
f
,<L\l'
R
-=,]m;
>N^n-j?O-0
A-26 Appendix
No characters are available for
hex code 15 in the italic character
table.
International character sets
You can select one of the following international character sets with the
default-setting mode or the ESC R command. For example, when you
select “Italic France,” the characters in the “France” row on the table
below are used in the italic character table.
The following eight international character sets can be selected with the
default-setting mode or with the ESC R command.
ASCII code hex
Country
23 24 40 50 X SD BE 60 78 7C 70 7E
USA
France
Germany
UK
Denmark
Sweden
Italy
Spain
#s@[\l*‘{ll# $ A, O c 0 A e fs ii & .
#$~AUUA’~6ii~
E$@[\l^‘c:v”
#$@?lE0AA’~09#nBXuAu62i6&ii
#$@“\ts-tiiib&i
pt
$
@
i
R
i
n
’
..
ii
}
-
The following seven additional sets can be selected only with the ESC R
command.
ASCII code hex
Country
23 24 40 58 SC SD BE 60 78 7C 70 7E
Japan
Norway
Denmark II
Spain II
Latin America
Korea
Legal
#$@r~l*‘{lI#afia4i0AUBae09ii
#$JLE0Au~a0&B
#$BiRib‘ifi6ii
#$&iFii6iiifi6ti
#$@[~lnc{lI#
$
8
o
’
)r
q
c
0
Q
p
9(
Appendix A-27
Characters available with the ESC ( n command
To print the characters in the table below, first send the ESC ( A command.
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
6
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
A-28 Appendix
1
7
Glossary
The following definitions apply specifically to printers.
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. A standardized coding
system for assigning numerical codes to letters and symbols.
auto line feed
When this feature is selected in the default-setting mode, each carriagereturn code
(CR) is automatically followed by a line-feed (TX) code.
bidirectional Printing
Printing in which the print head prints in both directions. This increases the speed
of printing.
bit
A binary digit (0 or l), which is the smallest unit of information used by a printer or
computer.
buffer
The portion of the printer’s memory used to store data before printing it.
We
A unit of information consisting of eight bits.
chuructefs Per inch @Pi)
A measure of the size of text characters, sometimes referred to as pitch.
ctmucter tub/e
A collection of letters, numbers, and symbols that provides you with the characters
used in a particular language.
condensed Printing
Printing in which the width of each character is approximately 60% of the width of
standard characters. Useful for fitting wide tables or spreadsheets onto the paper.
control code
Special codes used to control printer functions such as performing a carriage return
or line feed.
See characters per inch.
defuult
A value or setting that takes effect when the equipment is turned on, reset, or
initialized.
dot matrix
A method of printing in which each letter or symbol is formed by a pattern (matrix)
of individual dots.
Glossary GL-1
double-height printhg
Printing in which each character is twice as tall as normal.
double-width printing
Printing in which each character is twice as wide as normal.
driver, printer
The part of a software program that contains commands for a particular printer.
ESC/P
Abbreviation for Epson Standard Code for Printers. This system of commands @V~S
you software control of your printer from your computer. It is standard for all
Epson printers and supported by most application software for personal computers.
ESC/P, 2
The enhanced version of the ESC/P printer command language. Commands in this
language produce laser-like features, such as scalable fonts and enhanced graphics
printing.
font
A font is a style of type designated by a family name.
hex dump
A troubleshooting feature that helps advanced users find the cause of
communication problems between the printer and the computer. When the printer
is in hex dump mode, it prints each code it receives in hexadecimal notation and
ASCII characters, Also called data dump.
initialization
Returns the printer to its defaults (fixed set of conditions).
ink jet
A method of printing in which each letter or symbol is formed by precisely
spraying ink onto paper.
interface
The connection between the computer and the printer. A parallel interface transmits
data one character or code at a time.
Mic
A typestyle in which the characters slant. This sentence is italicized.
line feed
A control code that advances the paper one line space.
loading position
The position to which the paper is automatically loaded.
1 Q printing
One of two print qualities available on your printer. LQ (letter quality) printing
provides better readability and appearance at a reduced print speed.
pamlet interfcrce
See in te$ace.
GL-2 Glossary
printable ureu
-The area of a page on which the printer can print. It is smaller than the physical size
of the page due to margins.
printer driver
The part of a software program that contains commands for a particular printer.
proportional pfinting
Printing in which the width of the character varies from character to character. For
example, a capital W receives much more space than a lowercase i. The result looks
more like a typeset book than a typewritten draft.
RAM
Random Access Memory. The portion of the printer’s memory used as a buffer and
for storing user-defined characters. All data stored in RAM is lost when the printer
is tu&d off.
reset
To return a printer to its defaults either by sending a command, an INIT signal, or
by turning the printer off and then back on.
ROM
Read Only Memory. A portion of memory that can only be read and cannot be used
for data storage. ROM retains its contents when you turn off the printer.
self test
A method for checking the operation of the printer. When you run the self test, the
printer prints the characters stored in its ROM.
software program
A software program that helps you carry out a particular task, such as word
processing or financial planning.
superscript
Printing in which each character is printed at about two-thirds the normal height in
the upper part of the character space.
unidirectional printing
Printing in which the print head prints in one direction only. Unidirectional
printing is useful for printing graphics because it allows more precise vertical
alignment than bidirectional printing.
user-defined
characters
Characters that are defined and stored in the printer by the user. Also called
download characters.
Glossary GL-3
Index
Command descriptions are not indexed here. For information on a specific command, see
the Appendix. -
A
Access panel, 3-13
ALT button, 2-8
Auto print direction, 2-13
Bidirectional printing, See Auto print
direction
Buffer, A-2
Buttons, 2 - 8
ALT, 2-8
LOAD/EJECT, 2-8
PAUSE, 2-8
C
Cable
parallel interface, 1-17
Cartridge, ink, l-8, 3-2
installing, l-8
lever, l-11
life, A-5
replacing, 3-2
specifications, A-5
Character
chq$ng,
fonts, 2-9, A-3
tables, A-3, A-23
Character sets, international, A-27
samples, A-27
selecting, A-19, A-27
Cleaning the printer, 3 - 3
Computer,
connecting to, 1-17
Condensed mode, 2-11
Configuration, See Software Programs
Connecting the printer, 1-17
Control codes, A-13
Control panel, 2-7
Courier, font, 2-10
Cover
paper feeder, 1-14
printer, l-9
D
Data dump, See Hex dump
DATA light, 2-8, 2-15
Default
setting mode, 2 - 1 4
settings, A-12
Driver, printer, 1-19
E
E J ECT button, 2-8
Envelopes
loading, 2 - 4
specifications, A-4-5
Environment
for printer, l-6
specifications, A-7
Epson Courier, 2-10, A-3
Epson Prestige, 2-10, A-3
Epson Roman, 2-11, A-3
Epson Roman T, 2-11, A-3
Epson Sans Serif, 2-11, A-3
Epson Sans Serif H, 2-11, A-3
ESC/P, Intro-2
ESC/P 2, Intro-2, 2-12
Index IN-1
preventing, 3-12
F
FCC regulations, ii
Fonts
button, 2-8
changing
with control panel, 2-9
with software programs, A-15
Epson Courier, 2-10, A-3
Epson Prestige, 2-10, A-3
Epson Roman, 2-11, A-3
Epson Roman T, 2-11, A-3
Epson Sans Serif, 2-11, A-3
Epson Sans Serif H, 2-11, A-3
lights, 2-7, 2-9
samples, 2-9
selecting, 2-9
Form feed, See LOAD/EJECT button
L
Lights, status, 2 - 7
Lever, paper-thickness, 2-4
LOAD/EJECT button, 2-8
Loading paper
envelopes, 2 - 4
manually, 2 - 2
paper feeder, 1-14
Loading position, adjusting, 2 - 1 5
M
Manual feed slot, 2 - 2
Manual insertion, 2 - 2
Mixed text/graphics mode, 2-13
H
Help, where to get for USA users, Intro-3
Hex dump, 3-8
Humidity, printer environment, A-7
N
Network interface mode, 2-13
P
I
Initialization, A-10
Ink cartridge
installing, l-8
life, A-5
replacing, 3-2
specifications, A-5
Input buffer, A-2
Interface
connecting, 1-17
specifications, A-8
International character sets
samples, A-27
selecting, A-20, A-27
Italic fonts, A-26
J
Jam
cleaning, 3 - 1 1
paper, 3-11
IN-2 Index
Page length
manual insertion, A-4
single sheets, A-4
Paper
choosing, 1-4
envelopes, 2-2, 2-5
feeder, 1-14
size, 2-2, A-3, A-4
Paper jam
clearing, 3 - 1 1
preventing, 3-14
PAPER OUT light, 2-8
Paper-thickness lever, 2-4
Parallel interface, 1-17, A-7
PAUSE button, 2-8
PAUSE light, 2-7
Pausing printing, l-9, 2-7, 3-2
Plugging in the printer, 1-7
Port, printer, See Parallel interface
Power
cord, connecting, l-7 .
switch, l-7
turning on/off, l-7
Precautions, ink jet, 1-2
Prestige, font, 2 - 9 , A-3
Printable area, A-4
Print direction, A-2
Printing position, adjusting, 2-15
Printer driver, 1-19
Print speed, A-2
Problems, See Troubleshooting
Q
Quality, print, A-4
R
Replacing ink cartridge, 3-2
Resetting printer defaults, 2-9, A-11
Roman, font, 2-11, A-3
Roman T, font, 2-11, A-3
T
Temperature
printer environment, A-7
Testing the printer, l-14
Transporting the printer, 3 - 4
Troubleshooting, 3 - 5
U
Unidirectional printing, 2-13
Unpacking the printer, 1-5
V
Voltage, l-8, A-6
W
Warnings, Intro-6
Weight, printer, A-6
Where USA users can get help, Intro-3
S
Safety approvals, A-7
Safety information, intro-4-5, 1-2
Sans Serif, font, 2-11, A-3
Sans Serif H, font, 2-11, A-3
Scalable fonts, 2-10
Self test, 1-16
Service, where to get, Intro-3
settings
changing, 2-14
description, 2-13
printer defaults, 2-12
Single sheets, See Loading paper Sizes,
paper, 2-2
Software, 1 - 1 8
Specifications, A-2
Speed, printing, A-2
Index IN-3
I
EPSON OVERSEAS MARKETING LOCATIONS
EPSON AMERICA, INC.
EPSON UK LTD.
20770 Madrona Ave.
Campus 100, Maylands Avenue,
P.O. Box 2842
Hemel Hempstead, Hens,
Torrance, CA 90509-2842
Phone: (800) 922-89 1 1
HP2 7EZ. U.K.
Phone: 442-8 1144
Fax: (310) 782-5220
Telex: 5 182487
EPSON DEUTSCHLAND GmbH
EPSON FRANCE S.A.
Ziilpicher StraBe 6,
68 bis, rue Marjolin
4000 Dtisseldorf 11 F.R. Germany
92300, Levallois-Perret, France
Phone: (0211) 56030
Telex: 8584786
Phone: (1) 4087-3737
Telex: 6 10657
EPSON AUSTRALIA PTY. LTD.
EPSON SINGAPORE PTE. LTD.
Unit 3, 17 Rodborough Road,
No. 1 Raffles Place #26-00
Frenchs Forest, NSW 2086, Australia
Phone: (2) 452-0666
OUB Centre, Singapore 0104
Fax: (2) 975-1409
Fax: 5338119
EPSON HONG KONG LTD.
20/F, Harbour Centre,
EPSON ELECTRONICS TRADING LTD.
(TAIWAN BRANCH)
25 Harbour Road, Wanchai,
lOF, No. 287 Nanking E. Road, Sec. 3,
Hong Kong
Phone: 5854600
Telex: 65542
Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Phone: 5330477
Phone: (02) 7 17-7360
Fax: (02) 7 12-9 164
EPSON ITALIA S.p.A.
EPSON IBERICA S.A.
V.le F.lli Casiraghi 427
20099 Sesto S.Giovanni
Av. de Roma, 18-26
08290 Cerdanyola del Valles
Ml, Italy
Phone: 2-26233 1
Barcelona, Spain
Fax: 2-2440750
Fax: 582.15.55
Phone: 582.15.00
SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION
(Hirooka Office)
80 Harashinden, Hirooka
Shiojiri-shi, Nagano-ken
399-07 Japan
Phone: (0263) 52-2552
1993 Feb.
User’s Guide
Printed in Japan 93.07-Z