ProFlow Water softener Specifications

IOM-WQ-PWSPSE
Installation, Operation
and Maintenance Manual
Series PWSPSE
Water Softener Systems
PURE WATER
Important
Please read the entire manual before proceeding with the
installation and startup. Your failure to follow any attached
instructions or operating parameters may lead to the product’s
failure.
Save manual for future reference
Refer to enclosed for operating parameters to ensure proper use
with your water supply.
PWSPSE
Table of Contents
Pages
Important Safety Information – Read All . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Softener Anatomy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Control Start-up Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Softener Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Water Softener System Parts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Note: Do not use with water that is microbiologically unsafe or
of unknown quality without adequate disinfection before or after
the system.
Important Safety Information –
Read All
!
Caution: Read and follow the information in this
manual to minimize the risk of electric shock or personal injury.
Important: If you are unsure about installing your Watts
water softener, contact a Watts representative or consult a professional plumber.
Important This system must be installed in compliance
with applicable state, province and local codes, law,
and regulations.
READ Instructions Before Using
• Before beginning installation, read these instructions completely.
Then obtain all the materials and tools needed for installation.
NOTE: Failure to install the system correctly voids the warranty.
• Perform installation according to state, province and local plumbing
codes.
Use only lead-free solder and flux for sweat-solder connections,
as required by state, province and federal codes.
• Handle all components of the system with care. Do not drop, drag
or turn components upside down.
• Be sure the floor under the water softening system is clean and
level.
• The system uses 24 volt-60Hz electrical power. Always use the
transformer supplied.
Plug transformer into an indoor 120 VAC, grounded outlet.
Properly ground the system to conform with all codes and ordinances.
• Install the system in a protected area. Be sure electric outlet and
transformer do not come in contact with water. See Where to
Install the Softener, in the installation section of the manual.
Do not attempt to treat water over 110°F (43°C) with the system. Always connect the system to the main water supply pipe
before water heater.
Do not expose the system to freezing temperatures. Water
freezing in the system causes equipment damage.
Do not install in direct sunlight. Ultraviolet rays from the sun may
cause damage.
• Minimum inlet water pressure is 20 psi. Maximum inlet water pressure is 125 psi. Use a pressure reducing valve if necessary.
• Sodium used in the water softening process should be considered
as part of your overall dietary salt intake. Contact physician if you
are on a low sodium diet.
• Use clean water softening salts only, at least 99.5% pure. Failure
to use the correct salt may create a health hazard or maintenance
problems.
Use nugget, pellet or coarse solar salts.
Do not use rock, block, granulated or ice cream making salts.
• Always keep the salt lid in place unless servicing the unit or replenishing salt.
!
Caution:
• Do not use with water that is microbiologically
unsafe or of unknown quality.
• Test the water periodically to verify that the
system is performing satisfactorily.
• Discard small parts remaining after the installation.
2
Softener Anatomy
8
1
2
3
6
4
5
7
3
Item #
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Not Shown
Valve
Bypass
Resin Tank
Distributor
Resin
Salt Tank Lid
Salt Tank
Faceplate/Controls
Brine Valve Assembly
Specifications
Setup
Feed water
Unpack and check the system components for damage or missing
parts.
! Do not use this system on water that is microbiologically unsafe or
of unknown quality without adequate disinfection before or after the
system !
Where to Install the Softener
Minimum inlet pressure: 20 psig
Consider the following points when determining where to install the
water softener:
Maximum operating pressure: 125 psig
• Place the system as close as possible to a sewer drain.
Minimum water temperature: 34°F (1°C)
• Do not install the softener where it would block access to the water
heater, or access to the main water shutoff, water meter, or electrical panels.
Maximum water temperature: 110°F (43°C)
Power
• Keep outside faucets on hard water to save soft water and salt.
Voltage: 120VAC
• Install the softener in a place where water damage is least likely to
occur if a leak develops.
Frequency: 60Hz
• A 120VAC electrical outlet is needed to plug in the transformer. If
the outlet is remote (up to 100 feet), use 18 gauge wire to connect.
Power consumption: 7 Watts Maximum
Installation
• Always connect the system to the main water supply pipe before
the water heater.
Location: Indoors (Protect from direct sunlight)
Minimum ambient temperature: 34°F
• Install the system where it will not be subject to temperatures
outside of the limits stated in the Specification section or to direct
sunlight.
Maximum ambient temperature: 122°F
Brine Tank Salt Capacity
32K, 45K & 60K = 300 lbs.
90K & 120K
Determine Hardness Setting
= 400 lbs.
Municipal Water
Drain Flow Rates
45K - (1.5 ft3 resin) – rated drain flow during regeneration – 2.4 gpm
It is recommended that you call your local water company to determine your water hardness in grains per gallon and iron in mg/l (or
ppm).
60K - (2.0 ft3 resin) – rated drain flow during regeneration – 3.5 gpm
Well Water
90K - (3.0 ft3 resin) – rated drain flow during regeneration – 4.0 gpm
It is recommended that you have your water tested professionally for
accurate hardness and iron content.
32K - (1.0 ft3 resin) – rated drain flow during regeneration – 2.0 gpm
120K - (4.0 ft3 resin) – rated drain flow during regeneration – 7.0 gpm
Shipping Weights - approximate
30K – 112 lbs
45K – 130 lbs
60K – 190 lbs
90K – 265 lbs
4
Installation
Use Step 10 to install rigid drain pipe.
1. Turn off gas or electric supply to the water heater.
10. To install a rigid drain pipe instead of tubing:
2. Turn off the water supply to pipes to be cut and drain the house
water pipes.
• Remove the barbed fitting from the drain port.
•Plumb 1⁄2" rigid pipe from female drain port to the drain location.
Leave an air gap of at least 11⁄2" between the end of the drain
plumbing and the drain point.
3. Open both hot and cold faucets.
4. Move the softener assembly into installation position.
11. Take the other half of the cut tubing and attach it to the overflow
adapter elbow located on the side of the brine tank. Locate the
other end of the hose at the drain point, leaving an air gap as
shown in Figure 3.
• Be sure the installation surface is level and smooth.
5. Plumb IN and OUT connections to and from softener.
•Be sure the incoming hard water supply is directed to the INLET
port of the valve.
•The valve body of the control is marked with arrows indicating
the proper flow direction.
•Connections are illustrated below.
Figure 2
A-Overflow Elbow Fitting
B-Overflow Tubing
CAUTION: If making a soldered copper installation, do all sweat
soldering before connecting pipes to the bypass valve. Torch
heat will damage plastic parts.
Figure 3
CAUTION: When turning threaded pipe fittings onto plastic fittings, use care not to cross-thread.
12. Connect brine line from the safety valve in the brine tank to the
brine port on the valve using the 3⁄8” tubing provided. Be sure to
use the brass nut, brass insert, plastic ferrule, and stainless steel
screen (included in the small parts bag) when attaching the brine
line to the valve.
CAUTION: Use Teflon tape on all external pipe threads. Do not
use pipe joint compound.
CAUTION: Support inlet and outlet plumbing in some manner
(use pipe hangers) to keep the weight off of the valve fittings.
13. Place bypass valve in "bypass" position as shown in figure 4.
Perform steps 6-9 to install flexible drain tube.
Skip to step 10 to install rigid drain pipe.
6. Cut the 10’ piece of 5⁄8” OD black tubing in half. One section will
be used as the valve drain line. The remaining section will be used
as an overflow tube (Step 11).
7. Locate the barbed drain fitting on the back of the valve.
8. Connect and route the valve drain line.
•Use the provided tubing to attach to the valve drain fitting. Use
the included clamp to keep water pressure from blowing the
tubing off of the fitting.
9. Locate the other end of the drain tubing at a suitable drain.
•Tie or wire the tube in place at the drain point. Also provide an
air gap of at least 11⁄2" between the end of the hose and the
drain point.
Figure 4
5
Installation continued
14. Fully open two (2) cold (soft) water faucets near the water softener.
15. Fully open the house main water shutoff valve. Observe a steady
flow from both faucets.
16. Slowly, turn bypass valve back to the "service" position. Keep
soft water faucets open.
NOTE: If the water appears cloudy or has a slight yellow color,
allow it to run for several more minutes until it runs clear.
Figure 6
17. After the air is purged and the
water runs clear, open a HOT
water faucet until all air is expelled,
then close.
d) Turn ON the gas or electric supply to the water heater.
e) Manually initiate a regeneration by pressing and holding the
“Extra Cycle” button on the front of the controller for approximately 5 seconds (see figure 5). Release the “Extra Cycle”
when you hear the valve start to cycle. The controller will
automatically step the valve through the proper cycles. This
will take approximately two hours.
18. Close all water faucets.
19. Check plumbing work for leaks
and fix immediately if any are
found.
20. Connect electrical power by plugging the power cord into a
(120 VAC) outlet.
23. It will be necessary to enter the controller master programming
function (see separate ProFlo SXT service manual included
with system) and program the hardness setting to match the
compensated feed water hardness of the water supply. The
compensated hardness is:
21.Set the time of day. Press and hold either the Up or Down buttons until the programming icon replaces the service icon and
the parameter display reads TD. Adjust the displayed time with
the Up and Down buttons. When the desired time is set, press
the Extra Cycle button to resume normal operation. The unit will
also return to normal operation after 5 seconds if no buttons are
pressed.
Feed water hardness in grains per gallon times the compensation
factor plus 2 grains for each ppm of iron rounded up to the next
whole number.
Feed Water Hardness
Compensation Factor
1 – 20 grains
1.1
21 – 40 grains
1.2
41 – 70 grains
1.3
71 – 100 grains
1.4
> 100 grains
1.5
Example: Feed water hardness = 17 grains, iron = 0.5 ppm
The compensated hardness is 17 x 1.1 + 1 = 19.7 so the hardness
setting would be 20 grains.
Note: This step can be performed at the same time as step 21
above if desired.
Figure 5
22.Although the material used in the manufacturing of this water
softener will not contaminate your water supply, the softener
could become contaminated during shipment and installation.
The media inside the resin tank may also have become disturbed
during shipping. The following procedure will help re-position the
media, sanitize, flush and condition your water softener:
a) Remove the brine tank cover and add salt to the tank. Use
only nugget, pellet, or coarse solar salt designed for water
softener use with a purity of 99.5% or higher.
b) Add three gallons of water to the brine tank for 32K, 45K,
& 60K systems, and add 5 gallons of water for 90K & 120K
systems.
c) Remove the brine well cover. Pour 1-1/2 ounces of common
household bleach into the brine well and replace the cover
(see figure 6).
6
Control Start-up Procedures
Service
Control start-up, flushing/conditioning and programming procedures may be found in the control service manual included with your
system.
Cleaning Iron Out of the
Water Softening System
Control Service Manual: ProFlo SXT Downflow Brining Service
Manual
The system is designed to remove minerals like calcium and magnesium from household water. Periodic resin bed cleaning is recommended if your iron rating is high. Clean the bed at least every six
months, or more if iron appears in the soft water between cleanings.
Contact the system installer for this service.
Softener Operation
As water enters the softener, it passes over a resin bed in the mineral
tank. The resin consists of tiny beads of plastic called styrene. These
beads attract and hold sodium ions and exchange the sodium for
hardness ions when encountered. Over time, the resin becomes
saturated with hardness ions and no longer removes hardness
materials. The softener goes into a "regeneration" to flush hardness
materials to the drain and refresh the resin with sodium. Regeneration is typically programmed to take place in the middle of the night
when little or no water is in use.
Checking for a Salt Bridge
A hard crust or "Salt Bridge" can form in the lower half of the salt
storage tank. This can be deceiving because the tank will appear to
have plenty of salt, but underneath, salt has hardened and when the
system regenerates, water cannot quite reach this level to be made
into brine (water and salt).
Regeneration consists of four cycles:
Breaking a Salt Bridge
1. Brine Draw / Slow Rinse Position
Take a wooden broom handle and carefully push it down into the
salt, working it up and down. If the tool strikes a hard object (be sure
it's not the bottom or sides of the tank), it's probably a salt bridge.
Carefully break the bridge with the broom handle. Do not pound on
the walls of the tank.
Brine Draw: The process in which brine is drawn out of the brine
cabinet and passed through the resin in a downward direction. This
rinses the resin and large amounts of sodium ions replace the hardness ions accumulated during service. Slow Rinse: After brine is
completely transferred from the brine cabinet into the resin tank the
brine valve closes. Water replaces any remaining brine from the resin,
flushing hardness ions removed from the resin to drain.
NOTE: Salt bridges are typically caused by high humidity or
using the wrong kind of salt. In humid areas it is best to fill with
less salt, more often. Use only nugget, pellet or coarse solar
salt with a purity of 99.5% or higher. DO NOT use rock, block,
granulated, and ice cream-making salts, or salt with iron-removing additives.
2. Backwash Position
Backwash is a rapid upward flow of water that loosens the resin bed
and flushes iron particles, dirt and sediments filtered in the bed out
to the drain.
3. Fast Rinse Position
Fast Rinse is a fast flow of water down through the resin tank that
follows a Backwash. This flushes all remaining brine from the tank
and packs the resin bed for softening efficiency.
4. Brine Fill
Brine is water saturated with large amounts of salt (sodium chloride).
During brine fill, water flows into the salt storage area after each
regeneration and dissolves salt. During the regeneration process,
hardness ions on the resin beads are replaced or exchanged for
sodium ions from the brine solution.
5. Service
When the softener is In Service water is flowing through the system
and removing hardness minerals from your water.
7
Service continued
Cleaning the Injector and Screen
1)Turn off water supply to conditioner:
a) If the conditioner installation has a “three valve” by-pass
system, first open the valve in the bypass line, then close the
valves at the conditioner inlet and outlet.
b) If the conditioner has an integral by-pass valve, put it in the
by-pass position.
c) If there is only a shutoff valve near the conditioner inlet, close it.
2)Relieve water pressure in the conditioner by stepping the control
into the backwash position momentarily. Return the control to
the service position.
3)Unplug electrical cord from outlet.
4) Remove the two injector cap mounting screws.
5) To replace injector and screen.
a) Pull the screen and injector throat/nozzle assembly out of the
valve body.
b) Insert a new injector throat/nozzle assembly, be sure they are
sealed tightly. Install a new screen.
c) Apply silicone lubricant to new injector cap seal.
6) Replace injector cap with two mounting screws.
7) Tighten screws.
8)Return by-pass or inlet valving to normal service position. Water
pressure should now be applied to the conditioner, and any bypass line shutoff.
9)Check for leaks at all seal areas. Check the drain seal with the
control in the backwash position.
10) Plug electrical cord into outlet.
11)Set time of day and cycle the control valve manually to assure
proper function. Make sure control valve is returned to the service position.
12)Make sure there is enough salt in the brine tank.
13)Start regeneration cycle manually if water is hard.
8
Troubleshooting
Problem
Cause
1. Softener Fails To Regenerate.
A. Electrical Service to Unit has been Interrupted.
2. Softener Delivers Hard Water.
B. Timer Programming Bad (Improper Programming).
A. By-Pass Valve is Open.
B. No Salt in Brine Tank.
C. Injectors or Screen Plugged.
D. Insufficient Water Flowing into Brine Tank.
E. Hot Water Tank Hardness.
F. Flow Meter Jammed.
G. Flow Meter Cable Disconnected or Not Plugged into Meter.
H. Improper Programming.
I. Plugged brine line or air check.
3. Unit Uses Too Much Salt.
4. Loss of Water Pressure.
J. Salt bridge has formed.
K. No water in brine tank.
L. Unit is plumbed backwards.
M. Water hardness has increased or is set incorrectly.
N. Water pressure is too low.
A. Improper Salt Setting.
B. Excessive Water in Brine Tank.
C. Improper Programming.
A. Iron Buildup in Line to Water Conditioner.
B. Iron Buildup in Water Conditioner.
5. Loss of Resin Through Drain Line.
A. Air in Water System.
6. Iron in Conditioned Water.
B. Drain Line Flow Control is too large.
A. Fouled Resin Bed.
7. Excessive Water in Brine Tank.
8. Salt Water in Service Line.
9. Softener Fails to Draw Brine.
B. Iron Content Exceeds Recommended Parameters.
A. Plugged Drain Line Flow Control.
B. Brine Valve Failure.
C. Improper Programming.
A. Plugged Injector System.
B. Improper Programming.
C. Foreign Material in Brine Valve.
D. Foreign Material in Brine Line Flow Control.
E. Low Water Pressure.
A. Drain Line Flow Control is Plugged.
B. Injector is Plugged.
C. Improper Programming.
D. Line Pressure is too Low.
10. Drain Flows Continuously.
A. Foreign Material in Control.
11. Loss of capacity.
A. Increased raw water hardness
B. Brine concentration and/or quantity.
C. Resin fouling. future fouling.
D. Poor distribution, Channeling (uneven bed surface).
9
Solution
A. Assure Permanent Electrical Service (Check Fuse, Plug, Pull
Chain or Switch).
B. Check Programming and Reset as Needed.
A. Close By-Pass Valve.
B. Add Salt to Brine Tank and Maintain Salt Level Above Water
Level.
C. Clean or Replace Injectors and Screen.
D. Check Brine Tank Fill Time and Clean Brine Line flow if
Plugged.
E. Repeated Flushing of the Hot Water Tank is Required.
F. Check flow indicator light for flow. Remove obstruction from
flow meter.
G. Check Meter Cable Connection to Timer and Meter.
H. Reprogram the control to the Proper Regeneration Type,
Inlet Water Hardness, Capacity or Flow Meter Size.
I. Remove and clean any sediment from the brine tank and
brine valve assembly.
J. Refer to Breaking a Salt Bridge section in manual
K. Ensure safety float is not stuck.
L. Check that the unit is plumbed correctly.
M. Retest hardness and change settings
N. Line pressure must be at least 20psi.
A. Check Salt Usage and Salt Setting.
B. See Problem No. 7.
C. Check Programming and Reset as Needed.
A. Clean Line to Water Conditioner.
B. Clean Control and Add Resin Cleaner to Resin Bed.
Increase Frequency of Regeneration.
A. Assure that Well System has Proper Air Eliminator control
Check for Dry Well Condition.
B. Ensure Drain Line Flow Control is Sized Correctly.
A. Check Backwash, Brine Draw and Brine Tank Fill. Increase
Frequency of Regeneration. Increase Backwash Time.
B. Add Iron Removal from Filter or System.
A. Clean Flow Control.
B. Clean Brine Valve.
C. Check Programming and Reset as Needed.
A. Clean Injector and Replace Screen.
B. Check Programming and Reset as Needed.
C. Clean or Replace Brine Valve.
D. Clean Brine Line Flow Control.
E. Raise Water Pressure.
A. Clean Drain Line Flow Control.
B. Clean or Replace Injectors.
C. Check Programming and Reset as Needed.
D. Increase Line Pressure (Line Pressure must be at Least 20
PSI at all Times.)
A. Remove Piston Assembly and Inspect Bore, Remove
Foreign Material & Check Control in Various
A. Reset unit to the new capacity.
B. Keep brine tank full of salt at all times. Clean it yearly. Salt
may be bridged. If using a salt grid plate ensure refill water
is over it.
C. Call the dealer, find out how to confirm it, clean the resin
and prevent
D. Call the dealer. Check distributors and backwash flow.
Parts List
13
12
BY PASS & YOKE IN
INSTALLATION KIT
11
Item #5 is to be cut to
.5" (12.5mm) above top of tank.63" (16.1mm) below top of tank
6
7
4
3
5
2
Item #
Not Shown-See
Service Manual
2
3
4
5
6
7
11
12
13
10
Description
Pro SE Control Valve Assembly
Brine Tank
4" Brine Well
Tank w/ base
Distributor Assembly
2310 Safety Brine Valve Assembly/Air Check
3/8" Brine Line Tube
Fitting, Tube, .375 Nut, Brass
3/8" Delrin Ferrule
Brass Insert, 3/8" tube
11
LIMITED WARRANTY: Certain Watts Pure Water products come with a limited warranty from Watts Regulator Co. Other products may have no warranty or are covered by the original manufacturer’s
warranty only. For specific product warranty information, please visit www.watts.com or the published literature that comes with your product. Any remedies stated in such warranties are exclusive and
are the only remedies for breach of warranty. EXCEPT FOR THE APPLICABLE PRODUCT WARRANTY, IF ANY, WATTS MAKES NO OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. TO THE FULLEST EXTENT
PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, WATTS HEREBY SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND IN NO EVENT SHALL WATTS BE LIABLE, IN CONTRACT, TORT, STRICT LIABILITY OR UNDER ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY, FOR
INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, LOST PROFITS OR PROPERTY DAMAGE, REGARDLESS OF WHETHER IT WAS INFORMED ABOUT
THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
USA: Tel. (800) 224-1299 • www.watts.com
Canada: Tel. (888) 208-8927 • www.watts.ca
A Watts Water Technologies Company
IOM-WQ-PWSPSE 1225
EDP# 2915887
© 2012 Watts