ZyXEL Communications P-128MH User`s guide

Prestige 128
Plus
User's Guide
Version 2.20
ZyXEL
TOTAL INTERNET ACCESS SOLUTION
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Plus
Prestige 128
ISDN Router
Copyright
Copyright © 02.08.1999 by ZyXEL Communications Corporation.
The contents of this publication may not be reproduced in any part or as a whole, transcribed,
stored in a retrieval system, translated into any language, or transmitted in any form or by any
means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, photocopying, manual, or otherwise,
without the prior written permission of ZyXEL Communications Corporation.
Published by ZyXEL Communications Corporation. All rights reserved.
Disclaimer
ZyXEL does not assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any products, or
software described herein. Neither does it convey any license under its patent rights nor the patent
rights of others. ZyXEL further reserves the right to make changes in any products described herein
without notice. This publication is subject to change without notice.
Trademarks
Trademarks mentioned in this publication are used for identification purposes only and may be
properties of their respective owners.
ii
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
The declarations of CE marking:
The Prestige 128
Plus
(Prestige 128+) has been approved for connection to the
Public Switched Telecommunication Network using interfaces compatible with
ITU-TSS recommendation I.420 (Basic Rate ISDN user access). The Prestige
128+ complies with the following directives:
1. The Council Directive 89/336/EEC of 3 May 1992 on the approximation of the
laws of the member states relation to Electro Magnetic Compatibility. (EMC
Directive).
2. Council Directive 91/263/EEC of 29 April 1991 on the approximation of the
laws of the Member States concerning telecommunication terminal equipment.
(The Telecom Terminal Equipment Directive).
3. 93/68/EEC of 22 July 1993 amending the Directives 89/336/EEC, 91/263 /EEC
and 92/31/EEC. (Marking Directive).
4. The Council Directive 92/31/EEC of 28 April 1992 amending directive on the
approximation of the laws of the member states relating to Electro Magnetic
Compatibility
ECC Interference Statement
iii
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
ZyXEL Limited Warranty
ZyXEL warrants to the original end user (purchaser) that this product is free from any defects in
materials or workmanship for a period of up to two (2) years from the date of purchase. During the
warranty period, and upon proof of purchase, should the product have indications of failure due to
faulty workmanship and/or materials, ZyXEL will, at its discretion, repair or replace the defective
products or components without charge for either parts or labor, and to whatever extent it shall
deem necessary to restore the product or components to proper operating condition. Any
replacement will consist of a new or re-manufactured functionally equivalent product of equal
value, and will be solely at the discretion of ZyXEL. This warranty shall not apply if the product is
modified, misused, tampered with, damaged by an act of God, or subjected to abnormal working
conditions.
Note
Repair or replacement, as provided under this warranty, is the exclusive remedy of the purchaser.
This warranty is in lieu of all other warranties, express or implied, including any implied warranty
of merchantability or fitness for a particular use or purpose. ZyXEL shall in no event be held liable
for indirect or consequential damages of any kind of character to the purchaser.
To obtain the services of this warranty, contact ZyXEL's Service Center; refer to the separate
Warranty Card for your Return Material Authorization number (RMA). Products must be returned
Postage Prepaid. It is recommended that the unit be insured when shipped. Any returned products
without proof of purchase or those with an out-dated warranty will be repaired or replaced (at the
discretion of ZyXEL) and the customer will be billed for parts and labor. All repaired or replaced
products will be shipped by ZyXEL to the corresponding return address, Postage Paid (USA and
territories only). If the customer desires some other return destination beyond the U.S. borders, the
customer shall bear the cost of the return shipment. This warranty gives you specific legal rights,
and you may also have other rights that vary from state to state.
iv
ZyXEL Limited Warranty
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Customer Support
If you have questions about your ZyXEL product or desire assistance, contact
ZyXEL Communications Corporation offices worldwide, in one of the following
ways:
v
METHOD
NORTH AMERICA
OUTSIDE NORTH
AMERICA
E-Mail-Tech
Support
support@zyxel.com
E-Mail-Sales
sales@zyxel.com
sales@zyxel.com.tw
Web Site
www.zyxel.com
www.zyxel.com
Phone
(714) 632-0882 (8:00 to 5:00 PM
PST).
+886-3-5783942 Ext.266
(8:00 to 5:00 PM Taiwan
local time)
Fax
(714) 632-0858
+886-3-5782439
FTP File
Downloads
ftp.zyxel.com (software and
ROM upgrades)
ftp.zyxel.co.at (software and
ROM upgrades)
Regular
Mail
ZyXEL Communications Inc., 1650
Miraloma Avenue, Placentia, CA
92807, U.S.A.
ZyXEL Communications Corp., 6
Innovation Road II, Science-Based
Industrial Park, Hsinchu, Taiwan
300, R.O.C.
See your local distributor
(check http://www.zyxel.com for a
listing)
Customer Support
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Table of Contents
Prestige 128+ .......................................................................................................... 1
Table of Contents ................................................................................................. vii
List of Figures...................................................................................................... xiii
List of Tables ...................................................................................................... xvii
Preface ................................................................................................................. xxi
Chapter 1.............................................................................................................. 1-1
Getting to Know Your Router ............................................................................. 1-1
1.1 Prestige 128+ ISDN Bridge Router .......................................................... 1-1
1.2 Features of Prestige 128+......................................................................... 1-1
1.3 Applications for Prestige 128+ .................................................................. 1-5
Chapter 2.............................................................................................................. 2-1
Hardware Installation & Initial Setup................................................................. 2-1
2.2 Prestige 128+ Rear Panel and Connections............................................. 2-3
2.3 Additional Installation Requirements......................................................... 2-5
2.4 Power On Your Prestige............................................................................ 2-6
2.5 Navigating the SMT Interface.................................................................... 2-7
2.6 Changing the System Password ............................................................. 2-10
2.7 General Setup ......................................................................................... 2-13
2.8 European ISDN Setup Menus................................................................. 2-15
2.9 Ethernet Setup ........................................................................................ 2-19
2.10
Protocol Dependent Ethernet Setup ................................................... 2-20
Table of Contents
vii
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Chapter 3 .............................................................................................................. 3-1
Internet Access.................................................................................................... 3-1
3.1 Route IP Setup .......................................................................................... 3-1
3.2 TCP/IP Parameters ................................................................................... 3-2
3.3 TCP/IP Ethernet Setup and DHCP............................................................ 3-6
3.4 Internet Access Configuration ................................................................... 3-9
3.5 Single User Account ................................................................................ 3-12
3.6 Configuring Backup ISP Accounts........................................................... 3-16
Chapter 4 .............................................................................................................. 4-1
Remote Node Configuration............................................................................... 4-1
4.1 Remote Node Setup.................................................................................. 4-1
Chapter 5 .............................................................................................................. 5-1
Remote Node TCP/IP Configuration .................................................................. 5-1
5.1 LAN-to-LAN Application............................................................................. 5-1
Chapter 6 .............................................................................................................. 6-1
IPX Configuration ................................................................................................ 6-1
6.1 IPX Network Environment ......................................................................... 6-1
6.2 Prestige in an IPX Environment ................................................................ 6-3
6.3 IPX Spoofing.............................................................................................. 6-4
6.4 IPX Ethernet Setup.................................................................................... 6-5
6.5 LAN-to-LAN Application with Novell IPX ................................................... 6-6
Chapter 7 .............................................................................................................. 7-1
Bridging Setup..................................................................................................... 7-1
viii
Table of Contents
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
7.1 Bridging in General.................................................................................... 7-1
7.2 Bridge Ethernet Setup ............................................................................... 7-1
7.3 Bridge Static Route Setup ......................................................................... 7-5
Chapter 8.............................................................................................................. 8-1
Dial-in Server Configuration .............................................................................. 8-1
8.1 Remote Access Server.............................................................................. 8-2
8.2 LAN-to-LAN Server Application................................................................. 8-3
8.3 Default Dial-In Setup ................................................................................. 8-4
8.4 Dial-In Users Setup ................................................................................... 8-8
8.5 Multiple Servers behind SUA .................................................................. 8-12
Chapter 9.............................................................................................................. 9-1
Advanced Phone Services ................................................................................. 9-1
9.1 Getting Started .......................................................................................... 9-1
9.2 Setting Up Supplemental Phone Service .................................................. 9-2
9.3 The Flash Key ........................................................................................... 9-2
9.4 Call Waiting ............................................................................................... 9-2
9.5 Three way calling ...................................................................................... 9-3
9.6 Call Transfer .............................................................................................. 9-4
9.7 Call Forwarding ......................................................................................... 9-5
Chapter 10.......................................................................................................... 10-1
L2TP Support..................................................................................................... 10-1
10.1
What is L2TP?..................................................................................... 10-1
10.2
Advantages of L2TP:........................................................................... 10-2
Table of Contents
ix
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
10.3
How L2TP Works................................................................................. 10-2
10.4
The Prestige and L2TP ....................................................................... 10-4
Chapter 11 .......................................................................................................... 11-1
Filter Configuration ........................................................................................... 11-1
11.1
About Filtering ..................................................................................... 11-1
11.2
Configuring a Filter Set........................................................................ 11-3
11.3
Configuring a Filter Rule...................................................................... 11-7
11.4
Novell IPX Filter Rule ........................................................................ 11-13
Chapter 12 .......................................................................................................... 12-1
SNMP Configuration ......................................................................................... 12-1
12.1
About SNMP........................................................................................ 12-1
12.2
Configuring SNMP............................................................................... 12-1
Chapter 13 .......................................................................................................... 13-1
System Security ................................................................................................ 13-1
13.1
Changing the System Password ......................................................... 13-1
13.2
Using RADIUS Authentication ............................................................. 13-3
Chapter 14 .......................................................................................................... 14-1
Telnet Configuration and Capabilities............................................................. 14-1
14.1
About Telnet Configuration .................................................................. 14-1
14.2
Telnet Under SUA................................................................................ 14-2
14.3
Telnet Capabilities ............................................................................... 14-2
Chapter 15 .......................................................................................................... 15-1
System Maintenance......................................................................................... 15-1
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Table of Contents
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
15.1
System Status ..................................................................................... 15-2
15.2
Log and Trace ..................................................................................... 15-6
15.3
Diagnostic.......................................................................................... 15-10
15.4
Backup Configuration ........................................................................ 15-13
15.5
Restore Configuration ....................................................................... 15-13
15.6
Software Update................................................................................ 15-13
15.7
Command Interpreter Mode .............................................................. 15-16
15.8
Call Control........................................................................................ 15-16
Chapter 16.......................................................................................................... 16-1
Troubleshooting ................................................................................................ 16-1
16.1
Problems Starting Up the Prestige ...................................................... 16-1
16.2
Problems With the ISDN Line ............................................................. 16-2
16.3
Problems with the Ethernet Connection.............................................. 16-3
16.4
Problems Connecting to a Remote Node or ISP ................................ 16-3
16.5
Problems for Remote User to Dial-in .................................................. 16-3
Setup Information Worksheet ............................................................................A-1
Acronyms and Abbreviations ............................................................................B-1
Index .....................................................................................................................C-1
Table of Contents
xi
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
List of Figures
Figure 1-1 Internet Access Application.............................................................................. 1-5
Figure 1-2 LAN-to-LAN Connection Application............................................................. 1-6
Figure 1-3 Telecommuting/Remote Access Server Application ........................................ 1-7
Figure 2-1 Front Panel ....................................................................................................... 2-1
Figure 2-2 Prestige 128+ Rear Panel and Connections...................................................... 2-3
Figure 2-3 Power-On Display............................................................................................ 2-6
Figure 2-4 Login Screen .................................................................................................... 2-6
Figure 2-5 SMT Main Menu.............................................................................................. 2-9
Figure 2-6 Menu 23 - System Security ............................................................................ 2-10
Figure 2-7 Menu 23.1 - System Security - Change Password ......................................... 2-12
Figure 2-8 Menu 1 – General Setup................................................................................. 2-13
Figure 2-9 Menu 2 – ISDN Setup.................................................................................... 2-17
Figure 2-11 Loopback test ............................................................................................... 2-19
Figure 2-12 Menu 3 - Ethernet Setup .............................................................................. 2-19
Figure 2-13 Menu 3.1 - General Ethernet Setup.............................................................. 2-20
Figure 3-1 Menu 1 – General Setup................................................................................... 3-1
Figure 3-2 Menu 3.2 – TCP/IP and DHCP Ethernet Setup................................................ 3-6
Figure 3-3 Menu 4 – Internet Access Setup..................................................................... 3-10
Figure 3-4 Single User Account Topology ...................................................................... 3-12
Figure 3-5 Menu 4 – Internet Access Setup for Single User Account ............................. 3-15
Figure 4-1 Menu 11 – Remote Node Setup ....................................................................... 4-2
List of Figures
xiii
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Figure 4-2 Menu 11.1 Remote Node Profile ......................................................................4-3
Figure 4-3 Menu 11.2 - Remote Node PPP Options...........................................................4-9
Figure 4-4 Menu 11.5 – Remote Node Filter ...................................................................4-12
Figure 5-1 TCP/IP LAN-to-LAN Application....................................................................5-1
Figure 5-2 Menu 11.3- Remote Node TCP/IP Options ......................................................5-3
Figure 5-3 Sample IP Addresses for a TCPI/IP LAN-to-LAN Connection ........................5-4
Figure 5-4 Example of Static Routing Topology................................................................5-7
Figure 5-5 Menu 12 - Static Route Setup ...........................................................................5-7
Figure 5-6 Menu 12.1 - IP Static Route Setup....................................................................5-8
Figure 5-7Edit IP Static Route............................................................................................5-8
Figure 6-1 NetWare Server.................................................................................................6-2
Figure 6-2 Prestige in an IPX Environment .......................................................................6-3
Figure 6-3 Menu 3.3 - Novell IPX Ethernet Setup.............................................................6-5
Figure 6-4 LAN-to-LAN Application with Novell IPX .....................................................6-6
Figure 6-5 Menu 11.3 - Remote Node Novell IPX Options ...............................................6-7
Figure 6-6 Menu 12.2 - Edit IPX Static Route ...................................................................6-9
Figure 7-1 Menu 3.5 - Bridge Ethernet Setup ....................................................................7-2
Figure 7-2 Menu 11.3 - Remote Node Bridging Options ...................................................7-3
Figure 7-3 Menu 12.3 - Bridge Static Route Setup ............................................................7-5
Figure 7-4 Menu 12.3.1 - Edit Bridge Static Route............................................................7-5
Figure 8-1 Example of Telecommuting .............................................................................8-2
Figure 8-2 Example of a LAN-to-LAN Server Application ...............................................8-3
Figure 8-3 Menu 13 – Default Dial-in Setup......................................................................8-4
xiv
List of Figures
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Figure 8-4 Default Dial-in Filter........................................................................................ 8-8
Figure 8-5 Menu 14 - Dial-in User Setup .......................................................................... 8-9
Figure 8-6 Edit Dial-in User .............................................................................................. 8-9
Figure 8-7 Multiple Server Configuration ....................................................................... 8-13
Figure 10-1 How L2TP works ......................................................................................... 10-2
Figure 10-2 Prestige as LNS............................................................................................ 10-5
Figure 10-3 SMT Menu 11.1 ........................................................................................... 10-6
Figure 10-4 Prestiges in Direct mode .............................................................................. 10-7
Figure 10-5 Menu 10 – Tunnel Endpoint Setup............................................................... 10-8
Figure 10-6 Menu 10.1 Tunnel Endpoint Profile............................................................. 10-8
Figure 10-7 Prestige in Proxy mode. ............................................................................... 10-9
Figure 11-1 Outgoing Packet Filtering Process ............................................................... 11-2
Figure 11-2 Menu 21 - Filter Set Configuration .............................................................. 11-3
Figure 11-3 Menu 21.1 - Filter Rules Summary .............................................................. 11-4
Figure 11-4 Menu 21.1.1 - TCP/IP Filter Rule ................................................................ 11-8
Figure 11-5 Menu 21.1.2 - Generic Filter Rule ..............................................................11-11
Figure 11-6 Menu 21.1.3 - IPX Filter Rule.................................................................... 11-13
Figure 12-1 Menu 22 - SNMP Configuration .................................................................. 12-1
Figure 13-1 Menu 23 - System Security .......................................................................... 13-1
Figure 13-2 Menu 23.1 - System Security - Change Password ....................................... 13-2
Figure 13-3 Menu 23.2 - System Security - External Server........................................... 13-5
Figure 14-1 Telnet Configuration on a TCP/IP Network ................................................. 14-1
Figure 15-1 Menu 24 - System Maintenance................................................................... 15-1
List of Figures
xv
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Figure 15-2 Menu 24.1 - System Maintenance – Status...................................................15-3
Figure 15-3 LAN Packet That Triggered Last Call ..........................................................15-4
Figure 15-4 System Maintenance - Information...............................................................15-5
Figure 15-5 Menu 24.2.2 – System Maintenance – Change Console Port Speed ...........15-6
Figure 15-6 Examples of Error and Information Messages..............................................15-7
Figure 15-7 Menu 24.3.2 - System Maintenance - Syslog and Accounting .....................15-8
Figure 15-8 Menu 24.4 - System Maintenance - Diagnostic..........................................15-10
Figure 15-9 Trace Display for a Successful Manual Call...............................................15-12
Figure 15-10 Trace Display for a Failed Authentication ................................................15-12
Figure 15-11 Menu 24.7 - System Maintenance - Upload Firmware .............................15-14
Figure 15-12 Boot module commands ...........................................................................15-15
Figure 15-13 Command mode........................................................................................15-16
Figure 15-14 Menu 24.9 - System Maintenance - Call Control .....................................15-17
Figure 15-15 Call Control Parameters............................................................................15-17
Figure 15-16 Menu 24.9.2 - Blacklist ............................................................................15-19
Figure 15-17 Menu 24.9.3 - Budget Management .........................................................15-20
Figure 15-18 Call History...............................................................................................15-21
xvi
List of Figures
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
List of Tables
Table 1-1 IP subnet masks and the number of hosts allowed..........................................xxv
Table 2-1 LED functions................................................................................................. 2-2
Table 2-2 Main Menu Commands .................................................................................. 2-7
Table 2-3 Main Menu Summary..................................................................................... 2-9
Table 2-4 General Setup Menu Fields .......................................................................... 2-14
Table 2-5 Menu 2 – ISDN Setup .................................................................................. 2-17
Table 3-1 DHCP Ethernet Setup Menu Fields ................................................................ 3-7
Table 3-2 TCP/IP Ethernet Setup Menu Fields............................................................... 3-8
Table 3-3 Internet Account Information ......................................................................... 3-9
Table 3-4 Internet Access Setup Menu Fields................................................................3-11
Table 3-5 Single User Account Menu Fields ................................................................ 3-15
Table 4-1 Remote Node Profile Menu Fields ................................................................. 4-3
Table 4-2 BTR v MTR for BOD..................................................................................... 4-8
Table 4-3 Remote Node PPP Options Menu Fields .......................................................4-11
Table 5-1 TCP/IP related fields in Remote Node Profile ................................................ 5-4
Table 5-2 TCP/IP Remote Node Configuration .............................................................. 5-5
Table 5-3 Edit IP Static Route Menu Fields.................................................................... 5-9
Table 6-1 Novell IPX Ethernet Setup Fields................................................................... 6-5
Table 6-2 Remote Node Novell IPX Options ................................................................. 6-8
Table 6-3 Edit IPX Static Route Menu Fields............................................................... 6-10
Table 7-1 Bridge Ethernet Setup Menu - Handle IPX Field Configuration.................... 7-2
List of Tables
xvii
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Table 7-2 Remote Node Network Layers Menu Bridge Options ....................................7-4
Table 7-3 Bridge Static Route Menu Fields ....................................................................7-6
Table 8-1 Remote Dial-in Users/Remote Nodes Comparison Chart ...............................8-1
Table 8-2 Default Dial-in Setup Fields............................................................................8-5
Table 8-3 Edit Dial-in User Menu Fields ......................................................................8-10
Table 8-4 Edit Dial-in User Menu Fields (continued) ................................................... 8-11
Table 8-5 Services vs. Port number ...............................................................................8-13
Table 9-1 Phone Flash Commands ..................................................................................9-5
Table 10-1 SMT Menu 11.1- Remote Profile L2TP fields ............................................10-7
Table 10-2 Tunnel Endpoint Profile Fields....................................................................10-8
Table 11-1 Abbreviations Used in the Filter Rules Summary Menu ............................. 11-4
Table 11-2 Abbreviations Used in the Filter Rules Summary Menu (continued).......... 11-5
Table 11-3 Abbreviations Used If Filter Type Is IP ....................................................... 11-5
Table 11-4 Abbreviations Used If Filter Type Is IPX .................................................... 11-6
Table 11-5 Abbreviations Used If Filter Type Is GEN ................................................. 11-6
Table 11-6 TCP/IP Filter Rule Menu Fields .................................................................. 11-9
Table 11-7 Generic Filter Rule Menu Fields ............................................................... 11-12
Table 11-8 IPX Filter Rule Menu Fields ..................................................................... 11-14
Table 12-1 SNMP Configuration Menu Fields..............................................................12-2
Table 13-1 System Security - External Server Menu Fields..........................................13-6
Table 15-1 System Maintenance - Status Menu Fields..................................................15-3
Table 15-2 Fields in System Maintenance.....................................................................15-5
Table 15-3 System Maintenance Menu Syslog Parameters...........................................15-8
xviii
List of Tables
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Table 15-4 System Maintenance Menu Diagnostic .....................................................15-11
Table 15-5 Call Control Parameters Fields ................................................................. 15-18
Table 15-6 Call History Fields.................................................................................... 15-21
Table 16-1 Troubleshooting the Start-Up of your Prestige ........................................... 16-1
Table 16-2 Troubleshooting the ISDN Line.................................................................. 16-2
Table 16-3 Troubleshooting the Ethernet Connection .................................................. 16-3
Table 16-4 Troubleshooting a Connection to a Remote Node or ISP ........................... 16-3
Table 16-5 Troubleshooting for Remote Users to Dial-in............................................. 16-3
List of Tables
xix
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Preface
About Your Router
Congratulations on your purchase of the Prestige 128
Plus
(Prestige 128+) ISDN
Router.
The Prestige 128+ is a high-performance bridge/router that offers a complete
solution for your WAN (Wide Area Network) applications such as Internet
access, multi-protocol LAN-to-LAN connections, telecommuting and remote
access over ISDN (Integrated Service Digital Network).
The Prestige 128+ supports multi-protocol routing for TCP/IP and Novell IPX, as
well as transparent bridging for other protocols. Your Prestige 128+ is easy to
install and to configure since you do not need to set any switches.
The Prestige Web Configurator (PWC) is a JAVA based utility designed that
allows users to manage the Prestige via a Worldwide Web browser. Moreover, all
functions of the Prestige 128+ are software configurable via the SMT (System
Management Terminal) Interface. The SMT is a menu-driven interface that you
can access from either a VT100 compatible terminal or a terminal emulation
program on a PC.
About This User's Manual
This user's guide shows you how to configure and manage your router.
It is designed to guide you through the configuration of your Prestige 128+ for its
various applications.
Ordering an ISDN Line
Preface
xxi
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
If you do not have the ISDN line installed already, we suggest that you order it
from your telephone company as soon as possible to avoid the long wait
commonly encountered when ordering a new line.
To order a new ISDN line, do the following:
1. Contact your local telephone company’s ISDN Ordering Center to find out what
type of ISDN service is available and the switch type.
2. Provide your telephone company with the line provisioning information for that
switch type, which can be found in the Appendix of this manual. This insures
proper operation of all of the Prestige’s features with the ISDN line.
3. When the telephone company installs your ISDN line, please be sure to obtain
and write down the following information for future use:
•
ISDN switch type
•
ISDN telephone number(s)
Completing the Setup Information Worksheet
Before you continue, locate the worksheet in the Appendix . This information
worksheet has been provided to help you collect the necessary information
needed for setup and installation in the following chapters.
Collecting General Setup Information
The Prestige requires certain system information. You can obtain all the pertinent
information from your network administrator. Record this information into the
worksheet as it becomes available. This worksheet will later be referred to as you
configure your Prestige.
xxii
Preface
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
System Name - This is the name given to the Prestige for identification purposes.
This name should be no more than eight alphanumeric characters. Spaces are not
allowed, but ‘-’ and ‘_’ are accepted.
You have now collected all of the general setup information you need. Please
make sure that you have entered all the values onto the worksheet before
proceeding to the next section.
Collecting ISDN Phone Line Information
Once your ISDN line is installed by the telephone company, you need to use the
following information to complete the worksheet and configure your Prestige.
Much of this information is provided by your telephone company upon
installation of the ISDN line.
Switch Type - This is the type of switch used by your telephone company.
Check with your telephone company and choose the appropriate option on the
worksheet.
B Channel Usage - Determine which connection is appropriate for your B
channel and check the corresponding option on the worksheet. If your Prestige is
the only device using the ISDN line, then configure B Channel Usage to
Switch/Switch so that your Prestige will use both B channels to communicate.
If your Prestige is sharing the ISDN line with other devices, then configure B
Channel to Switch/Unused.
Telephone Number(s) - Record on the worksheet the telephone number(s) given
to you by your telephone company. Some switch types only have one telephone
number. The Prestige only accept digits; ‘-’ and spaces are not allowed.
Analog Call - Check the appropriate Analog Call option on the worksheet for
each telephone number. This information is later used to configure the Prestige in
routing an incoming analog call. Set to Phone1 or Phone2 if you wish to route
the incoming analog call for this telephone number to PHONE port number 1 or
2.
Preface
xxiii
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Supplemental Service Activation Keys – Sometimes called ‘buttons,’ most of
the supplemental services supported by the Prestige require that an activation key
be set before a feature can be used.
You have now collected all of the necessary information about your ISDN
telephone line. Make sure that these values are entered into your ‘Setup
Information Worksheet’ before you continue to the next section.
Collecting Ethernet Setup Information
IP Address - An IP Address is required for TCP/IP protocol. The IP Address is
the unique 32-bit number assigned to your Prestige. This address is written in
dotted decimal notation (four 8-bit numbers, between 0 and 255, separated by
periods), e.g., 192.168.1.1.
Record the IP Address into the worksheet as assigned by your network
administrator. Please note that every machine on an internet must have a unique
IP address - do not assign an arbitrary address to any machine. If you are not
sure as to which IP address to assign to the Prestige, contact your LAN
administrator or refer to Chapter 4 of this guide for more details.
IP Subnet Mask - This field is required for TCP/IP protocol. An IP address
consists of two parts, the network ID and the host ID. The IP Subnet Mask is
used to specify the network ID portion of the address, expressed in dotted
decimal notation. The Prestige automatically calculates this mask based on the IP
address that you assign. Unless you have special need for subnetting, use the
default mask as calculated by the Prestige.
The table below lists some examples of IP subnet masks and the number of hosts
that are allowed. Consult your network administrator if you are unsure of this
value.
xxiv
Preface
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Table 1-1 IP subnet masks and the number of hosts allowed
IP Subnet Mask
Number of Host
ID’s
Number of Bits
255.255.255.0
254
24
255.255.255.128
126
25
255.255.255.192
62
26
255.255.255.224
30
27
255.255.255.255
1
32
Structure of this Manual
This manual is divided into five parts:
1. Getting Started (Chapters 1-2) is structured as a step-by-step guide to help
you connect, install and setup your Prestige to operate on your network.
2. The Internet (Chapter 3) describes how to configure your Prestige for
Internet access.
3. Setting Up Advanced Applications (Chapters 4-10) describes how to use
your Prestige for more advanced applications such as LAN-to-LAN
connectivity for TCP/IP and Novell IPX, and transparent bridging for other
protocols.
4. Management & Maintenance (Chapters 11-15) provides information on
management and maintenance facilities.
5. Troubleshooting (Chapter 16), provides information about solving
common problems.
Regardless of your particular application, it is important that you follow the steps
outlined in Chapters 1-2 to connect your Prestige to your LAN. You can then
refer to the appropriate chapters of the manual, depending on your applications.
Syntax Conventions
Preface
xxv
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
For brevity’s sake, we will use “e.g.” as a shorthand for “for instance” and “i.e.”
for “that is” or “in other words” throughout this manual.
xxvi
Preface
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Chapter 1
Getting to Know Your Router
This chapter describes the key features and applications of your Prestige.
1.1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Bridge Router
The Prestige 128+ is an ISDN bridge/router. The Prestige is ideal for everything
from Internet browsing to receiving calls from remote dial-in users to making
LAN-to-LAN connections to remote networks.
1.2
Features of Prestige 128+
The following are the key features of the Prestige 128+.
L2TP Support
The L2TP protocol allows users to build their own private “tunnel” through the
Internet to enable transport of non-IP traffic (e.g., IPX). Rather than making a
long-distance call to the corporate server, a telecommuter or branch office can
use a local ISP and the Internet to connect to a corporate network.
ISDN Basic Rate Interface (BRI) Support
The P128+ supports a single BRI. A BRI offers two 64Kbps channels, which can
be used independently for two destinations or be bundled to speed up data
transfer.
Getting to know your Prestige
1-1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Extensive Analog Phone Support
The Prestige is equipped with two standard phone jacks for you to connect analog
devices such as telephones and FAX machines. It also supports supplementary
services such as call waiting and 3-way conferencing.
Ethernet Port
The P128+ offers a choice of 10Base-T or AUI Ethernet port connections.
Single User Account (SUA)
The SUA™ (Single User Account) features allows multiple users to share a
single user account.
Incoming Call Support
In addition to making outgoing calls, the Prestige allows you to configure it as a
remote access server for telecommuting employees.
Multiple Protocol Support
♦ TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) network layer
protocol.
♦ Novel IPX (Internetwork Packet eXchange) network layer protocol.
♦ Transparently bridging for unsupported network layer protocols.
♦ PPP/MP (Point-to-Point Protocol/Multilink Protocol) link layer protocol.
Dial-On-Demand
The Dial-On-Demand feature allows the Prestige to automatically place a call to
a remote gateway based on the triggering packet’s destination without user
intervention.
1-2
Getting to know your Prestige
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
PPP Multilink
The Prestige can bundle multiple links in a single connection using PPP
Multilink Protocol (MP). The number of links can be either statically configured
or dynamically managed based on traffic demand.
Bandwidth-On-Demand
The Prestige dynamically allocates bandwidth by dialing and dropping
connections according to traffic demand.
Full Network Management
♦ SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) support.
♦ Accessing SMT (System Management Terminal) through telnet connection.
♦ Web-based PWC (Prestige Web Configurator).
Logging and Tracing
♦ CDR (Call Detail Record) to help to analyze and manage the telephone bill.
♦ Built-in message logging and packet tracing.
♦ Unix syslog facility support.
RADIUS Support
RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service) is the most popular
protocol for user authentication on dial-up lines. RADIUS support allows you to
use an external server for unlimited number of users and the ease of centralized
management.
PAP and CHAP Security
The Prestige supports PAP (Password Authentication Protocol) and CHAP
(Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol). CHAP is more secure than
PAP; however, PAP is readily available on more platforms.
Getting to know your Prestige
1-3
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
DHCP Support
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) allows the workstations on your
LAN to obtain the configuration from the Prestige.
Call Control
Your Prestige provides budget management for outgoing calls and maintains a
blacklist for unreachable phone numbers in order to save you the expense of
unnecessary charges.
Data Compression
Your Prestige incorporates Stac data compression to speed up data transfer. Stac
is the de facto standard of data compression over PPP links.
Networking Compatibility
Your Prestige is compatible with remote access products from other
manufacturers such as Ascend, Cisco, and 3Com. Furthermore, it supports
Microsoft Windows 95 and Windows NT remote access capability.
Prestige Web Configurator
The Prestige Web Configurator is a JAVA based utility designed to allow users
to access the Prestige’s management settings via a Worldwide Web browser.
Backup and Restore Configuration File via LAN or WAN
PCT (Prestige Configuration Transfer), the stand-alone Java-based utility, allows
backup and restoration of the configuration file via LAN or WAN.
Supplementary Voice Features
The Prestige supports the following Supplementary Voice Features on both of its
Analog (POTS) Phone Ports:
♦ Call Waiting
♦ Three Way Calling (conference)
1-4
Getting to know your Prestige
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
♦ Call Transfer
♦ Call Forwarding
1.3
Applications for Prestige 128+
The following sections show you the possible applications for your Prestige.
1.3.1 Internet Access
The Prestige is the ideal high-speed Internet access solution. Your Prestige
supports the TCP/IP protocol, which the Internet uses exclusively. It is also
compatible with access servers manufactured by major vendors such as Cisco and
Ascend. A typical Internet Access application is shown below.
Figure 1-1 Internet Access Application
Internet Single User Account
For a SOHO (small office/Home Office) environment, your Prestige offers a
Single User Account (SUA) feature that allows multiple users on the LAN (Local
Area Network) to access the Internet concurrently for the cost of a single user.
Single User Account address mapping can also be used for other LAN to LAN
connections.
Getting to know your Prestige
1-5
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
1.3.2 Multi-Protocol/Multilink LAN-to-LAN Connection
You can use the Prestige to connect two geographically dispersed networks over
up to 128Kbps over a single ISDN BRI line. It incorporates PPP/MP (Point-toPoint Protocol/Multilink Protocol) to bundle two B channels in a BRI line. The
Prestige supports TCP/IP and Novell IPX routing, as well as transparent bridging
for other network layer protocols. Your Prestige can also bundle multiple links
in a single connection for greater bandwidth. A typical LAN-to-LAN application
for your Prestige is shown below.
Figure 1-2 LAN-to-LAN Connection Application
1.3.3 Remote Access Server
Your Prestige allows remote users to dial-in and gain access to your LAN. This
feature enables users that have workstations with remote access capabilities, e.g.,
Windows 95, to dial in to access the network resources without physically being
1-6
Getting to know your Prestige
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
in the office. Either PAP (Password Authentication Protocol) or CHAP
(Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol) authentication can be used to
control the access from the remote users. You can also use callback for security
and/or accounting purposes.
Figure 1-3 Telecommuting/Remote Access Server Application
Getting to know your Prestige
1-7
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Chapter 2
Hardware Installation & Initial Setup
This chapter shows you how to connect the hardware and the initial setup.
2.1.1 Front Panel LEDS
The LED indicators on the front panel indicate the router functional status of the
Prestige. The following table describes the LED functions:
Figure 2-1 Front Panel
PWR
The PWR (power) LED is on when power is applied to the Prestige.
TST
A blinking TST (test) LED indicates the Prestige is functioning properly.
A steady or an off TST indicates malfunction.
ISDN: LNK
The LNK (Link) LED is on when the Prestige is connected to an ISDN
switch and the line has been successfully initialized.
ISDN: B1/B2
The B1/B2 LED is on when the corresponding B channel is in use.
ETHERNET
LNK
TX
This LED lights when the Prestige is transmitting via Ethernet
connection.
RX
This LED lights when the Prestige is receiving via Ethernet connection.
COL
PHONE: 1/2
This LED lights when the Prestige has made a successful Ethernet
connection.
This LED blinks when collisions occur.
The LED is on when the device on the corresponding POTS port is in
Hardware Installation and Setup
2-1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
use.
Table 2-1 LED functions
2-2
Hardware Installation and Setup
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
2.2
Prestige 128+ Rear Panel and Connections
The figure below shows the rear panel of your Prestige 128MH and the
connection diagram.
Figure 2-2 Prestige 128+ Rear Panel and Connections
This section outlines how to connect your Prestige 128MH to the LAN and to the
ISDN network..
Hardware Installation and Setup
2-3
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Step 1.
Connecting the ISDN Line
Connect the Prestige to the ISDN network using the included ISDN (black) cable.
Plug one end of the cable into the port labeled ISDN BRI and the other to the
ISDN wall jack.
Step 2. Connecting Ethernet to your Prestige
The Prestige supports two types of Ethernet connections. The connection
procedure differs for each one; follow the one that is appropriate for your
installation.
♦ UTP
The UTP port is used to connect to a 10Base-T network. 10Base-T networks use
Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) cable and RJ-45 connectors that look like a
bigger telephone plug with eight pins.
♦ AUI
The AUI port (the connector with 15 pins) is used to connect the Prestige to a
10Base5 (thicknet) network. If you have a 10Base2 network using BNC
connectors and thin coaxial cables, you will need a transceiver between the AUI
port and the 10Base2 cabling.
Warning If one of these cables is accidentally used to connect your
Prestige to the ISDN line, it may damage your Prestige. Please verify the
correct cable before connecting.
Step 2.
Connecting a Telephone/Fax to the Prestige
If you wish, you can connect regular telephones, fax machines or other analog
devices to the Prestige. To connect an analog device, plug the end of the
telephone cord from the device in either port PHONE1 or PHONE2 on the rear
panel of the Prestige.
2-4
Hardware Installation and Setup
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Step 3.
Connecting the Power Adapter to your Prestige
Connect the power adapter to the port labeled POWER on the rear panel of your
Prestige.
Step 4.
Connecting the Console Port
For the initial configuration of your Prestige, you need to use a terminal emulator
software on a workstation and connect it to the Prestige through the console port.
Connect the 9-pin (smaller) end of the console cable to the console port of the
Prestige and the 25-pin (bigger) end to a serial port (COM1, COM2 or other
COM port) of your workstation. You can use an extension RS-232 cable if the
enclosed one is too short.
After the initial setup, you can modify the configuration remotely through telnet
connections. See Chapter 14 - Telnet Configuration and Capabilities for
detailed instructions on using telnet to configure your Prestige.
2.3
Additional Installation Requirements
In addition to the contents of your package, there are other hardware and
software requirements you need before you can install and use your Prestige.
These requirements include:
1. A computer with Ethernet 10Base-T NIC (Network Interface Card).
2. A computer equipped with communications software configured to the
following parameters:
♦ VT100 terminal emulation.
♦ 9600 Baud.
♦ No parity, 8 Data bits, 1 Stop bit.
After the Prestige is properly set up, you can make future changes to the
configuration through telnet connections.
Hardware Installation and Setup
2-5
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
2.4
Power On Your Prestige
At this point, you should have connected the console port, the ISDN BRI port,
the Ethernet port and the power port to the appropriate devices or lines. You can
now apply power to the Prestige by flipping the power switch to on (I is ON, O is
OFF).
Step 1.
Initial Screen
When you power on your Prestige, it performs several internal tests as well as
line initialization. After the initialization, the Prestige asks you to press Enter to
Copyright (c) 1994 - 1998 ZyXEL Communications Corp.
ethernet address: 00:a0:c5:98:23:12
R
tti
ISDN fi
(2) Z XEL P
ti
DSS1
V 099
continue, as shown.
Figure 2-3 Power-On Display
Step 2.
Entering Password
The login screen appears after you press Enter, prompting you to enter the
password, as shown below.
For your first login, enter the default password 1234. As you type the password,
the screen displays an (X) for each character you type.
Please note that if there is no activity for longer than 5 minutes after you log in,
your Prestige will automatically log you out and will display a blank screen. If
you see a blank screen, press [Enter] to bring up the login screen again.
Figure 2-4 Login Screen
2-6
Hardware Installation and Setup
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
2.5
Navigating the SMT Interface
The SMT (System Management Terminal) is the interface that you use to
configure your Prestige.
Several operations that you should be familiar with before you attempt to modify
the configuration are listed in the table below.
Table 2-2 Main Menu Commands
Operation
Press/<read>
Description
Move forward to
another menu
[Enter]
To move forward to a sub-menu, type in the number of
the desired sub-menu and press [Enter].
Move backward to
a previous menu
[Esc]
Press the [Esc] key to move back to the previous menu.
Move the cursor
[Enter] or
Within a menu, press [Enter] to move to the next field.
You can also use the [Up]/[Down] arrow keys to move to
the previous and the next field, respectively.
[Up]/[Down]
arrow keys
Enter information
Fill in, or
Press the
[Space bar] to
toggle
You need to fill in two types of fields. The first requires
you to type in the appropriate information. The second
allows you to cycle through the available choices by
pressing the [Space] bar.
Required fields
<?>
All fields with the symbol <?> must be filled in order be
able to save the new configuration.
N/A fields
<N/A>
Some of the fields in the SMT will show a <N/A>. This
symbol refers to an option that is Not Applicable.
Save your
configuration
[Enter]
Save your configuration by pressing [Enter] at the
message [Press ENTER to confirm or ESC to cancel].
Saving the data on the screen will take you, in most
cases to the previous menu.
Exit the SMT
Type 99, then
Type 99 at the Main Menu prompt and press [Enter] to
exit the SMT interface.
press [Enter].
Hardware Installation and Setup
2-7
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
2-8
Hardware Installation and Setup
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
After you enter the password, the SMT displays the Main Menu, as shown below.
Copyright (c) 1994 – 1998 ZyXEL Communications Corp.
Prestige 128+ Main Menu
Getting Started
1. General Setup
2. ISDN Setup
3. Ethernet Setup
4. Internet Access Setup
Advanced Management
21. Filter Set Configuration
22. SNMP Configuration
23. System Security
24. System Maintenance
Advanced Applications
10. Tunnel Endpoint Setup
11. Remote Node Setup
12. Static Routing Setup
13. Default Dial-in Setup
14. Dial-in User Setup
15. SUA Server Setup
99. Exit
Enter Menu Selection Number:
Figure 2-5 SMT Main Menu
2.5.1 System Management Terminal Interface Summary
Table 2-3 Main Menu Summary
#
Menu Title
Description
1
General Setup
Use this menu to setup general information and to enable
routing for specific protocols and bridging.
2
ISDN Setup
Use this menu to setup the ISDN.
3
Ethernet Setup
Use this menu to setup Ethernet.
4
Internet Access Setup
A quick and easy way to setup Internet connection.
10
Tunnel Endpoint Setup
Use this menu to configure L2TP support to route/bridge
protocols over the Internet.
11
Remote Node Setup
Use this menu to setup the Remote Node for LAN-to-LAN
connection, including Internet connection.
12
Static Routing Setup
Use this menu to setup static route for different protocols.
Hardware Installation and Setup
2-9
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
13
Default Dial-in Setup
Use this menu to setup default dial-in parameters so that
your Prestige can be used as a dial-in server.
14
Dial-in User Setup
Use this menu to setup dial-in users.
15
SUA Server Setup
Use this menu to specify inside servers when SUA is
enabled.
21
Filter Set Configuration
Use this menu to setup filters to provide security, call control,
etc.
22
SNMP Configuration
Use this menu to setup SNMP related parameters
23
System Security
Use this menu to setup security related parameters.
24
System Maintenance
This menu provides system status, diagnostics, firmware
upload, etc.
99
Exit
To exit from SMT and return to the blank screen.
2.6
Changing the System Password
The first thing your should do before anything else is to change the default
system password by following the steps below.
Step 1.
Enter 23 in the Main Menu to open Menu 23 - System Security as
Menu 23 - System Security
1. Change Password
2. External Server
Enter Menu Selection Number: 1
shown below.
Figure 2-6 Menu 23 - System Security
Step 2.
2-10
Enter 1 in Menu 23 to open Menu 23.1 - System Security – Change
Hardware Installation and Setup
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Password.
Hardware Installation and Setup
2-11
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
When the Submenu 23.1- System Security-Change Password appears, as shown
in the figure below, type in your existing system password, i.e., 1234, and press
Menu 23.1 – System Security - Change Password
Old Password= XXXX
New Password= XXXX
Retype to confirm= XXXX
Enter here to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL:
[Enter].
Figure 2-7 Menu 23.1 - System Security - Change Password
Step 3.
Enter your new system password and press [Enter].
Step 4.
Re-type your new system password for confirmation and press [Enter].
Note that as you type a password, the screen displays a (X) for each character you
type.
2-12
Hardware Installation and Setup
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
2.7
General Setup
Menu 1 - General Setup contains administrative and system-related
information.
To enter Menu 1 and fill in the required information, follow these steps:
Step 1.
Enter 1 in the Main Menu to open Menu 1 – General Setup.
Step 2.
The Menu 1 - General Setup screen appears, as shown below. Fill in
the required fields marked [?] and turn on the individual protocols for
your applications, as explained in the following table.
Menu 1 - General Setup
System Name= P128plus
Location= branch
Contact Person's Name= JohnDoe
Route IP= Yes
Route IPX= No
Bridge= No
Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel:
Figure 2-8 Menu 1 – General Setup
Hardware Installation and Setup
2-13
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Table 2-4 General Setup Menu Fields
Field
Description
Example
System Name
Choose a descriptive name for identification purposes. This
name can be up to 8 alphanumeric characters long. Spaces
are not allowed, but dashes “-” and underscores "_" are
accepted. This name can be retrieved remotely via SNMP,
used for CHAP authentication, and will be displayed at the
prompt in the Command Mode.
P128plus
Location
(optional)
Enter the geographic location (up to 31 characters) of your
Prestige.
MyHouse
Contact
Person's Name
(optional)
Enter the name (up to 8 characters) of the person in charge of
this Prestige.
JohnDoe
Protocols:
Turn on or off routing for the individual protocols.
Press
space-bar
to toggle
Route IP
Route IPX
Bridge
Set this field to Yes to enable IP routing. You must enable IP
routing for Internet access.
Set this field Yes to enable IPX routing.
Yes/No
Yes/No
Turn on/off bridging for protocols not supported (e.g., SNA) or
not turned on in the previous Route fields.
Yes/No
Note on Bridging
When bridging is enabled, your Prestige forwards any packet that it does not
route. Without bridging, the packets that the Prestige does not route are simply
discarded. Compared to routing, bridging generates far more traffic for the same
network protocol and consumes more CPU cycles and memory.
2-14
Hardware Installation and Setup
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
2.8
European ISDN Setup Menus
Menu 2 is for you to enter the information about your ISDN line. Please note that
the Prestige only accepts digits in phone number fields; please do no include ‘-‘
or spaces in these fields.
2.8.1 Switch Type
The only switch type supported in Europe is DSS-1.
2.8.2 MSN and Subaddress
Depending on your location, you may have Multiple Subscriber Number (MSN)
where the telephone company gives you more than one number for your ISDN
line. You can assign each number to a different port, e.g., the first number to
data calls, the second to A/B adapter 1 and so on. Or the telephone company
may give you only one number, but allow you to assign your own subaddresses
to different ports, e.g., subaddress 1 to data calls and 2 to A/B adapter 1.
2.8.3 Incoming Call Routing
The Incoming Phone Number Matching setting governs how incoming calls
are routed. If you select Multiple Subscriber Number (MSN) or Called
Party Subaddress, a call (either ISDN data or analog) is routed to the port that
matches the dialed number; if no match is found, the call is dropped.
If you select Don’t Care, then all data calls are routed to the Prestige itself.
Analog calls, however, are routed to either A/B adapter 1 or 2, or simply ignored,
depending on the Analog Call Routing field.
Hardware Installation and Setup
2-15
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
2.8.4 Global Calls
A global call is an incoming analog call where the switch did not send the dialed
number. This happens most often when the call originates from an analog
telephone line.
If you specify explicit matching, i.e., Incoming Phone Number Matching is
either MSN or Called Party Subaddress, then global calls are always
ignored. If it is Don’t Care and Analog Call Routing is either A/B Adapter 1
or 2, then the Prestige uses Global Analog Call to decide how to handle global
calls. If you set Global Analog Call to Accept, then global calls are routed to
the port according to the Analog Call Routing setting; if you set Global Analog
Call to Ignore, then the Prestige ignores all global calls. If Analog Call
Routing is Ignore to begin with, then all analog calls, including global calls, are
ignored.
2.8.5 Dial Prefix to Access Outside Line
Fill this field in if you need to dial a number (a single digit in most cases) to
access an outside line; otherwise, leave it blank.
Please note that this prefix is for calls initiated by the Prestige only. If you place
a call from a device on either A/B adapter, you must dial the prefix by hand.
2.8.6 PABX Number (with S/T Bus Number)=
Enter the S/T bus number if the Prestige is connected to an ISDN PABX and a
local loopback test is not possible. If this field is left blank then the loopback test
Menu 2 - ISDN Setup
Switch Type: DSS-1(Taiwan)
B Channel Usage= Switch/Switch
ISDN Data
=
A/B Adapter 1 =
A/B Adapter 2 =
2-16
Subaddress=
Subaddress=
Subaddress=
Dial Prefix to Access Outside Line =
PABX Number (with S/T Bus Number)=
Incoming Phone Number Matching= Multiple Subscriber Number (MSN)
Analog Call Routing= N/A
Global Analog Call= N/A
Edit Advanced Setup = No
Hardware Installation and Setup
Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel:
Press Space Bar to Toggle.
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
is skipped.
Figure 2-9 Menu 2 – ISDN Setup
Table 2-5 Menu 2 – ISDN Setup
Switch Type
This field is fixed as DSS1.
B Channel Usage
In general, this is Switch/Switch. If you are only using one B channel
(e.g., your Prestige is sharing the ISDN BRI line with another device on
the S/T bus), then select Switch/Unused. The default is Switch/Switch.
ISDN Data &
Subaddress
Enter the telephone number and the subaddress assigned to ISDN data
calls for the Prestige. The maximum number of digits is 19 for the
telephone number and 5 for the subaddress.
A/B Adapter 1 &
Subaddress
Enter the telephone number and the subaddress assigned to A/B
Adapter 1 (PHONE1).
A/B Adapter 2 &
Subaddress
Same as above for A/B Adapter 2 (PHONE2).
Dial Prefix to
Access Outside
Line
Enter the prefix number if the Prestige is connected to an ISDN PABX.
This number should be no longer than 3 digits. Otherwise, leave this field
blank.
PABX Number
(with S/T Bus
Number)
Enter the S/T bus number if the Prestige is connected to an ISDN PABX.
If this field is left as blank then the loopback test is skipped
Incoming Phone
Number Matching
Determines how incoming calls are routed. The choices for this field are
Multiple Subscriber Number (MSN), Called Party Subaddress and
Don’t Care.
Analog Call
Routing
Select the destination for analog calls. The choices are A/B Adapter 1,
A/B Adapter 2 and Ignore. This field is only applicable when Incoming
Phone Number Matching is Don’t Care.
Global Analog Call
Select how to handle global analog calls. The choices are Accept and
Ignore. This field is not applicable when the Analog Call Routing is
Ignore.
Advanced Setup
Select Yes and press Enter to go to the advanced setup submenu.
Hardware Installation and Setup
2-17
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
2.8.7 Advanced Setup
Select Yes in the Advanced Setup field of Menu 2 – ISDN Setup above to
display menu 2.1 below.
ISDN Call Waiting
This allows you to place a call on hold while you answer another incoming call
on the same telephone (directory) number. By default call waiting is disabled on
both telephone ports, but can be enabled on either port from Menu 2.1
How to use call waiting
The Call Waiting feature on your ISDN line works in exactly the same way it
does on a regular analog line. After hearing a call waiting indicator tone, press
and immediately release the flash button on your telephone. This puts your
current call on hold and answers the incoming call.
Calling Line Indication
Menu 2.1 - ISDN Advanced Setup
Phone 1 Call Waiting= Disable
Phone 2 Call Waiting= Disable
Calling Line Indication= Presented (CLIP)
Figure 2-10 ISDN Advanced Setup
The Calling Line Indication, or Caller ID, governs whether the other party can
see your number when you call. If set to Presented (CLIP), the Prestige sends
the caller ID and the party you call can see your number, otherwise, if set to
Restricted (CLIR) the caller ID is blocked.
When you are finished, press ENTER at the message: ‘Press ENTER to
confirm’, the Prestige uses the information that you entered to initialize the ISDN
line. It should be noted that whenever the switch type is changed, the ISDN
initialization takes slightly longer.
At this point, the Prestige asks if you wish to test your ISDN. If you select Yes,
the Prestige will perform a loop-back test to check the ISDN line. If the loop-
2-18
Setup LoopBack Test...
Dialing to 40000// ...
Sending and Receiving Data ...
Hardware Installation and Setup
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
back test fails, please note the error message that you receive and take the
appropriate troubleshooting action.
Figure 2-11 Loopback test
2.9
Ethernet Setup
This section describes how to configure the Ethernet using Menu 3 – Ethernet
Setup. From the Main Menu, enter 3 to open Menu 3.
Menu 3 - Ethernet Setup
1.
2.
3.
4.
General Setup
TCP/IP and DHCP Setup
Novell IPX Setup
Bridge Setup
Enter Menu Selection Number:
Figure 2-12 Menu 3 - Ethernet Setup
2.9.1 General Ethernet Setup
This menu allows you to specify the filter sets that you wish to apply to the
Ethernet traffic. You seldom need to filter Ethernet traffic, however, the filter
Menu 3.1 - General Ethernet Setup
Hardware Installation and
Input Filter Sets:
protocol filters= 2
device filters=
Output Filter Sets:
protocol filters=
Setup device filters=
Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel:
2-19
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
sets may be useful to block certain packets, reduce traffic and prevent security
breaches.
Figure 2-13 Menu 3.1 - General Ethernet Setup
If you need to define filters, please read Chapter 9- Filter Set Configuration,
then return to this menu to define the filter sets.
2.10 Protocol Dependent Ethernet Setup
Depending on the protocols for your applications, you need to configure the
respective Ethernet Setup, as outlined below.
For TCP/IP Ethernet setup refer to Chapter 3 - Internet Access
Application.
For Novell IPX Ethernet setup refer to Section 7.4 - IPX Ethernet Setup in
Chapter 7 - Novell IPX Configuration for LAN-to-LAN.
For bridging Ethernet setup refer to Chapter 8 - Bridge Configuration for
LAN-to-LAN.
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Chapter 3
Internet Access
This chapter shows you how to configure the LAN as well as the WAN of your
Prestige for Internet access.
3.1
Route IP Setup
The first step is to enable the IP routing in Menu 1 - General Setup.
To edit Menu 1, enter 1 in the Main Menu to select General Setup and press
[Enter]. Set the Route IP field to Yes by pressing the space bar.
Menu 1 - General Setup
System Name= p128plus
Location= location
Contact Person's Name= name
Route IP= Yes
Route IPX= No
Bridge= No
Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel:
Figure 3-1 Menu 1 – General Setup
Internet Access
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
3.2
TCP/IP Parameters
3.2.1 IP Address and Subnet Mask
Similar to the houses on a street that share a common street name, the machines
on a LAN share one common network number, also.
Where you obtain your network number depends on your particular situation. If
the ISP or your network administrator assigns you a block of registered IP
addresses, follow their instructions in selecting the IP addresses and the subnet
mask.
If the ISP did not explicitly give you an IP network number, then most likely you
have a single user account and the ISP will assign you a dynamic IP address
when the connection is established. If this is the case, it is recommended that you
select a network number from 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.0 (ignoring the trailing
zero) and you must enable the Single User Account feature of the Prestige. The
Internet Assigned Number Authority (IANA) reserved this block of addresses
specifically for private use; please do not use any other number unless you are
told otherwise. Let’s say you select 192.168.1.0 as the network number; which
covers 254 individual addresses, from 192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.254 (zero and
255 are reserved). In other words, the first 3 numbers specify the network
number while the last number identifies an individual workstation on that
network.
Once you have decided on the network number, pick an IP address that is easy to
remember, e.g., 192.168.1.1, for your Prestige.
The subnet mask specifies the network number portion of an IP address. Your
Prestige will compute the subnet mask automatically based on the IP address that
you entered. You don’t need to change the subnet mask computed by the
Prestige unless you are instructed to do otherwise.
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3.2.2 RIP Setup
RIP (Routing Information Protocol) allows a router to exchange routing
information with other routers. The RIP Direction field controls the sending and
receiving of RIP packets. When set to both, the Prestige will broadcast its
routing table periodically and incorporate the RIP information that it receives;
when set to none, it will not send any RIP packets and will ignore any RIP
packets received.
The Version field controls the format and the broadcasting method of the RIP
packets that the Prestige sends (it recognizes both formats when receiving). RIP1 is universally supported; but RIP-2 carries more information. RIP-1 is
probably adequate for most networks, unless you have a unusual network
topology.
Both RIP-2B and RIP-2M sends the routing data in RIP-2 format; the difference
being that RIP-2B uses subnet broadcasting while RIP-2M uses multicasting.
Multicasting can reduce the load on non-router machines since they generally do
not listen to the RIP multicast address and so will not receive the RIP packets.
However, if one router uses multicasting, then all routers on your network must
use multicasting, also.
By default, RIP direction is set to Both and the Version set to RIP-1.
3.2.3 DHCP Configuration
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) allows the individual clients
(workstations) to obtain the TCP/IP configuration at start-up from a centralized
DHCP server. The Prestige has built-in DHCP server capability, enabled by
default, which means it can assign IP addresses, an IP default gateway and DNS
servers to Windows 95, Windows NT and other systems that support the DHCP
client.
Internet Access
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
IP Pool Setup
The Prestige is pre-configured with a pool of 32 IP addresses starting from
192.168.1.33 to 192.168.1.64. This configuration leaves 31 IP addresses
(excluding the Prestige itself) in the lower range for other server machines, e.g.,
server for mail, FTP, telnet, web, etc., that you may have.
DNS Server Address
DNS (Domain Name System) is for mapping a domain name to its corresponding
IP address and vice versa, e.g., the IP address of www.zyxel.com is 204.217.0.2.
The DNS server is extremely important because without it, a user must know the
IP address of a machine before s/he can access it. The DNS server addresses that
you enter in the DHCP setup are passed to the client machines along with the
assigned IP address and subnet mask.
There are two ways that an ISP disseminates the DNS server addresses. The first
is for an ISP to tell a customer the DNS server addresses, usually in the form of
an information sheet, when s/he signs up. If your ISP does give you the DNS
server addresses, enter them in the DNS Server fields in DHCP Setup.
Some ISP’s choose to pass the DNS servers using the DNS server extensions of
PPP IPCP (IP Control Protocol) after the connection is up. If your ISP did not
give you explicit DNS servers, chances are the DNS servers are conveyed
through IPCP negotiation. The Prestige supports the IPCP DNS server
extensions through the DNS proxy feature.
If the Primary and Secondary DNS Server fields in DHCP Setup are not
specified, i.e., left as 0.0.0.0, the Prestige tells the DHCP clients that it itself is
the DNS server. When a workstation sends a DNS query to the Prestige, the
Prestige forwards the query to the real DNS server learned through IPCP and
relays the response back to the workstation.
Please note that DNS proxy works only when the ISP uses the IPCP DNS server
extensions. It does not mean you can leave the DNS servers out of the DHCP
setup under all circumstances. If your ISP gives you explicit DNS servers, make
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
sure that you enter their IP addresses in the DHCP Setup menu. This way, the
Prestige can pass the DNS servers to the workstations and the workstations can
query the DNS server directly without the Prestige’s intervention.
Internet Access
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
3.3
TCP/IP Ethernet Setup and DHCP
You will now use Menu 3.2 to configure your Prestige for TCP/IP.
To edit Menu 3.2, select the menu option Ethernet Setup in the Main Menu.
When Menu 3 appears, select the submenu option TCP/IP and DHCP Setup
and press [Enter]. The screen now displays Menu 3.2 - TCP/IP and DHCP
Menu 3.2 - TCP/IP and DHCP Ethernet Setup
DHCP Setup:
DHCP= None
Client IP Pool Starting Address= N/A
Size of Client IP Pool= N/A
Primary DNS Server= N/A
Secondary DNS Server= N/A
TCP/IP Setup:
IP Address= 192.68.1.1
IP Subnet Mask= 255.255.255.0
RIP Direction= Both
Version= RIP-2B
Enter here to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL:
Press Space Bar to Toggle.
Ethernet Setup, as shown below.
Figure 3-2 Menu 3.2 – TCP/IP and DHCP Ethernet Setup
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Follow the instructions in the following table on how to configure the DHCP
fields.
Table 3-1 DHCP Ethernet Setup Menu Fields
Field
Description
Example
DHCP Setup
DHCP= This field enables/disabled the DHCP server. If it is set to
Server, your Prestige will act as a DHCP server. If set to
None, DHCP server will be disabled.
None
Server (default)
When DHCP is used, the following four items need to be set:
Client IP Pool This field specifies the first of the contiguous addresses in
Starting Address the IP address pool.
Size of Client IP This field specifies the size, or count, of the IP address pool.
Pool
Primary DNS
Server
Secondary
DNS Server
Internet Access
192.168.1.33
32
Enter the IP addresses of the DNS servers. The DNS
servers are passed to the DHCP clients along with the IP
address and the subnet mask.
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Follow the instructions in the following table to configure TCP/IP parameters for
the Ethernet port.
Table 3-2 TCP/IP Ethernet Setup Menu Fields
Field
Description
Example
TCP/IP Setup
IP Address Enter the IP address of your Prestige in dotted decimal
notation
IP Subnet Mask Your Prestige will automatically calculate the subnet
mask based on the IP address that you assign. Unless
you are implementing subnetting, use the subnet mask
computed by the Prestige
RIP Press the space bar to select the RIP direction from
Direction Both/In Only/Out Only.
Version Press the space bar to select the RIP version from RIP1/RIP-2B/RIP-2M.
192.168.1.1
(default)
255.255.255.0
Both
(default)
RIP-1
(default)
When you have completed this menu, press [Enter] at the prompt [Press ENTER to Confirm…]
to save your configuration, or press [Esc] at any time to cancel.
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3.4
Internet Access Configuration
Menu 4 allows you to enter the Internet Access information in one screen. Menu
4 is actually a simplified setup for one of the remote nodes that you can access in
Menu 11. Before you configure your Prestige for Internet access, you need to
collect your Internet account information from your ISP.
Use the table below to record your Internet Account Information.
Table 3-3 Internet Account Information
Internet Account Information
Write your account information here
IP Address of the ISP's Gateway (Optional)
Telephone Number(s) of your ISP
Login Name
Password for ISP authentication
DNS server address(es) for your workstation
Internet Access
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
From the Main Menu, enter option Internet Access Setup to go to Menu 4 Internet Access Setup, as displayed below. The following table contains
Menu 4 - Internet Access Setup
ISP's Name= myISP
Pri Phone #= 1234
Sec Phone #=
My Login= JohnDoe
My Password= ********
Single User Account= Yes
IP Addr= 0.0.0.0
Telco Options:
Transfer Type= 64K
Multilink= Off
Idle Timeout= 100
Enter here to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL:
instructions on how to configure your Prestige for Internet access.
Figure 3-3 Menu 4 – Internet Access Setup
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Internet Access
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Table 3-4 Internet Access Setup Menu Fields
Field
Description
ISP’s Name
Enter the name of your Internet Service Provider, e.g., myISP.
This information is for identification purposes only.
ISP IP Addr
Enter the IP Address of the remote gateway at the ISP’s site. If
you don’t have this data, just leave it blank.
Pri Phone and Sec
Phone Number
Both the Primary and the Secondary Phone number refer to the
number that the Prestige dials to connect to the ISP.
My Login Name
Enter the login name given to you by your ISP.
My Password
Enter the password associated with the login name above.
Single User Account
Please see the following section for a more detailed discussion
on the Single User Account feature. The default is Yes.
Telco
options:
This field specifies the type of connection between the Prestige
and this remote node. Select 64K, or Leased.
Transfer
Type
Multilink
The Prestige uses the PPP Multilink Protocol (PPP/MP) to
bundle multiple links in a single connection to boost the
effective throughput between two nodes. This option is only
available if the transfer type is 64K. See menu 11.2 for more
details.
Idle Timeout
This value specifies the number of idle seconds that elapses
before the remote node is automatically disconnected. Idle
seconds is the period of time when no data is transmitted from
your Prestige. Administrative packets such as RIP are not
counted as data. The default is 100 seconds. This option only
applies when the Prestige initiates the call.
At this point, the SMT will ask if you wish to test the Internet connection. If you
select Yes, your Prestige will call the ISP to test the Internet connection. If the
test fails, note the error message that you receive on the screen and take the
appropriate troubleshooting steps.
Internet Access
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
3.5
Single User Account
Typically, if there are multiple users on the LAN wanting to concurrently access
the Internet, you will have to lease a block of legal, or globally unique, IP
addresses from the ISP.
The Single User Account (SUA) feature allows you to have the same benefits as
having multiple legal addresses, but only pay for one IP address, thus saving
192.168.1.33
Same Network
Number
192.168.1.34
192.168.1.1
INTERNET
192.168.1.35
192.168.1.36
Prestige
The SUA network appears as a
single host to the Internet.
significantly on the subscription fees. (Check with your ISP before you enable
this feature).
Figure 3-4 Single User Account Topology
The Single User Account feature may also be used on connections to remote
networks other than the ISP. For example, this feature can be used to simplify
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
the allocation of IP addresses when connecting branch offices to the corporate
network.
Internet Access
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
The IP address for the SUA can be either fixed or dynamically assigned when a
call is connected. In addition, you can designate servers, e.g., a web server and a
telnet server, on your local network and make them accessible to the outside
world.
If you do not define any server, SUA offers the additional benefit of firewall
protection. If no server is defined, all incoming inquiries will be filtered out by
your Prestige and thus preventing intruders from probing your network.
Your Prestige accomplishes this address sharing by translating the internal LAN
IP addresses to a single address that is globally unique on the Internet. For more
information on IP address translation, refer to RFC 1631, The IP Network
Address Translator (NAT).
3.5.1 Advantages of SUA
In summary:
SUA is a cost-effective solution for small offices with less than 20 hosts to
access the Internet or other remote TCP/IP networks.
SUA supports servers to be accessible to the outside world.
SUA can provide firewall protection if you do not specify a server. All
incoming inquiries will be filtered out by your Prestige.
UDP and TCP packets can be routed. In addition, partial ICMP, including
echo and trace route, is supported.
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3.5.2
Single User Account Configuration
The steps for configuring your Prestige for Single User Account are identical to
the conventional Internet access with the exception that you need to fill in two
Menu 4 - Internet Access Setup
ISP's Name= myISP
Pri Phone #= 1234
Sec Phone #=
My Login= JohnDoe
My Password= ********
Single User Account= Yes
IP Addr= 0.0.0.0
Telco Options:
Transfer Type= 64K
Multilink= Off
Idle Timeout= 300
SUA
Enter here to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL:
extra fields in Menu 4 - Internet Access Setup, as shown below.
Figure 3-5 Menu 4 – Internet Access Setup for Single User Account
To enable the SUA feature in Menu 4, move the cursor to the Single User
Account field and select Yes (or No to disable SUA). Then follow the
instructions on how to configure the SUA fields.
Table 3-5 Single User Account Menu Fields
Field
Description
Single User Account
Select Yes to enable SUA.
IP Addr.
If your ISP did not assign you a static IP address, enter
[0.0.0.0] here; otherwise, enter that IP address here.
Press [Enter] at the message [Press ENTER to Confirm ...] to save your configuration, or
press [Esc] at any time to cancel.
Internet Access
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
At this point, your Prestige will ask if you wish to test the Internet connection. If
you select Yes, the Prestige will call the ISP and test the configuration. If the
test fails, note the error messages on the screen and take the appropriate
troubleshooting steps.
3.6
Configuring Backup ISP Accounts
If you have more than one ISP account, you can configure the secondary ISP as a
backup. You can switch to the backup ISP in the event that the primary ISP is
out of service. The SUA feature can be enabled for all these accounts.
3.6.1 Configure a Backup ISP
To configure a backup ISP Account, follow these steps:
Step 1.
Configure your primary ISP using Menu 4, as described earlier in this
chapter.
Step 2.
Enter Menu 11, then select an unused remote node.
Step 3.
In Menu 11.1, choose a name for your backup ISP account, then set the
Active field to No, and enter your outgoing login name, password, and
phone number(s). The Remote IP Address field should be set to
1.1.1.1.
Step 4.
In Menu 11.3, set the remote node's subnet mask to 0.0.0.0, and set
RIP to None.
Step 5.
Save the new configuration.
Please note that the remote IP address of 1.1.1.1 is only a placeholder to avoid
conflicting with that of the primary ISP, which is implicitly set at 0.0.0.0. When
the backup ISP is activated, the remote IP address of 1.1.1.1 combined with the
subnet mask of 0.0.0.0 creates a default route that is equivalent to the one
derived form the primary ISP.
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3.6.2 To Switch ISP
Follow these steps when you need to switch from your primary ISP to a backup
ISP:
Step 1.
Enter Menu 11 and select your Primary ISP.
Step 2.
In Menu 11.1, set the Active field to No.
Step 3.
Enter Menu 11 again and select your Backup ISP.
Step 4.
In Menu 11.1, set the Active field to Yes.
You will now be able to access the Internet through the backup ISP Remote
Node.
Internet Access
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Chapter 4
Remote Node Configuration
A remote node is required for placing calls to a remote gateway. A remote node
represents both the remote gateway and the network behind it across a WAN
connection. Note that when you use Menu 4 to set up Internet access, you are
actually configuring one of the remote nodes. Once a remote node is configured
correctly, traffic to the remote network will trigger your Prestige to make a call
automatically, i.e., Dial On Demand.
In this chapter, we will discuss the parameters that are protocol independent. The
protocol-dependent configuration will be covered in subsequent chapters. For
TCP/IP, see Chapter 5, for IPX, see Chapter 6 and for Bridging, see Chapter
7.
4.1
Remote Node Setup
This section describes the protocol-independent parameters for a remote node.
4.1.1 Remote Node Profile
To configure a remote node, follow these steps:
Step 1.
From the Main Menu, select menu option 1. Remote Node Setup
Step 2.
When Menu 11 appears, as shown below, enter the number of the
remote node that you wish to configure.
Remote Node Configuration
4-1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Menu 11 - Remote Node Setup
Menu 11 - Remote Node Setup
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
nodename
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
Enter Node # to Edit:
Figure 4-1 Menu 11 – Remote Node Setup
When Submenu 11.1. - Remote Node Profile appears, fill in the fields as
described in the table below to define this remote profile. The Remote Node
Menu 11.1 - Remote Node Profile
Rem Node Name= nodename
Active= Yes
Route= IP
Bridge= No
Call Direction= Outgoing
Edit PPP Options= No
Rem IP Addr= 0.0.0.0
Tunneling Mode= Direct
Edit IP/IPX/Bridge= No
Endpoint Index= 1
Telco Option:
Incoming:
Allocated Budget(min)= 0
Rem Login= N/A
Period(hr)= 0
Rem Password= N/A
Transfer Type= 64K
Rem CLID= N/A
Call Back= N/A
Nailed-Up Connection= No
Session Options:
Outgoing:
My Login= ChangeMe
Edit Filter Sets= No
Idle Timeout(sec)= 100
My Password= ********
Authen= CHAP/PAP
Pri Phone #= 1234
Sec Phone #=
Enter here to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL:
4-2
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Profile Menu Fields table shows how to configure the Remote Node Menu.
Figure 4-2 Menu 11.1 Remote Node Profile
Table 4-1 Remote Node Profile Menu Fields
Field
Description
Rem Node Name
This is a required field [?]. Enter a descriptive name for
the remote node, for example, Corp.
Options
This field can be up to eight characters. This name
must be unique from any other remote node name or
remote dial-in user name.
Press the space bar to toggle between Yes and No.
Inactive nodes are displayed with a minus sign (-) at the
beginning of the name in Menu 11.
Active
Call Direction
Press space
bar to toggle
Yes/No
If this parameter is set to Both, your Prestige can
both place and receive calls to/from this remote
node.
Both
If set to Incoming, your Prestige will not place a
call to this remote node.
Incoming
If set to Outgoing, your Prestige will drop any
incoming calls from this remote node.
Outgoing
Several other fields in this menu depend on this
parameter. For example, in order to enable Callback,
the Call Direction must be Both.
Incoming:
Incoming:
Rem
Node
Login
Name
Enter the login name that this remote node will
use when it calls your Prestige.
Rem
N d
Enter the password used when this remote node
ll
P ti
The login name in this field combined with the
Rem Node Password will be used to authenticate
this node.
Remote Node Configuration
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Incoming:
Node
Password
calls your Prestige.
Rem CLID
This field is applicable only if Call Direction is
either Both or Incoming. Otherwise, a N/A
appears in the field.
This is the Calling Line ID (the telephone number
of the calling party) of this remote node.
If you enable the CLID Authen field in Menu 13 –
Default Dial In, your Prestige will check the CLID
in the incoming call against the CLIDs in the
database. If no match is found and CLID Authen
is Required, the call will be dropped.
Incoming:
Callback
This field is applicable only if Call Direction is
Both. Otherwise, a N/A appears in the field.
Enable
Disable
This field determines whether or not your
Prestige will call back after receiving a call from
this remote node.
If this option is enabled, your Prestige will
disconnect the initial call from this node and call
it back at the Outgoing Primary Phone Number
(see below).
Outgoing:
My Login
Name
This is a required field [?] if Call Direction is
either Both or Outgoing. Enter the login name
for your Prestige when it calls this remote node.
Outgoing:
My
Password
This is a required field [?] if Call Direction is
either Both or Outgoing. Enter the password for
your Prestige when it calls this remote node.
Outgoing:
Authen
This field sets the authentication protocol used
for outgoing calls.
Options for this field are:
CHAP/PAP - Your Prestige will accept
either CHAP or PAP when requested by
this remote node.
CHAP - accept CHAP only.
CHAP
PAP - accept PAP only.
Outgoing:
4-4
Pri(mary)
Sec(ondar
CHAP/PAP
PAP
Your Prestige always calls this remote node
using the Primary Phone number first for a dial-
Remote Node Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
y) Phone
Numbers
up line.
If the Primary Phone number is busy or does not
answer, your Prestige will dial the Secondary
Phone number if available.
Some areas require dialing the pound sign #
before the phone number for local calls. A #
symbol may be included at the beginning of the
phone numbers as required.
Route
This fields determines the protocols that your
Prestige will route.
Bridge
Bridging is used for protocols that the Prestige
doe not support, e.g., SNA, or not turned on in
the previous Route field. When bridging is
enabled, your Prestige will forward any packet
that it does not route to this remote node;
otherwise, the packets are discarded. .
Press space
bar to toggle
Edit PPP Options
To edit the PPP options for this remote node,
move the cursor to this field, use the space bar to
select Yes and press [Enter]. This will bring you
to Menu 11.2 - Remote Node PPP Options. For
more information on configuring PPP options,
see the section Editing PPP Options.
Press space
bar to toggle
Yes then
press [Enter]
Rem IP Addr
This is a required field [?] if Route is set to IP.
Enter the IP address of the remote gateway.
Edit IP/IPX/Bridge
Options
To edit the parameters, select Yes and press
[Enter]. This will bring you to Menu 11.3 Remote Node Network Layer Options. For more
information on this screen, refer to the chapter
pertaining to your specific protocol.
Press space
bar to toggle
Yes then
press [Enter]
Allocated Budget
(min)
This field sets a ceiling for outgoing call time for
this remote node. The default for this field is 0 for
no budget control.
Default = 0
Period (hr)
This field sets the time interval to reset the above
outgoing call budget control.
Transfer Type
This field specifies the type of connection
between the Prestige and this remote node.
When set to Leased, the Allocated Budget and
Period do not apply.
Yes/No
Telco Options:
Remote Node Configuration
64k/
Leased
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Nailed-up Connection
This field specifies if you want to make the
connection to this remote node a nailed-up
connection. See below for more details.
Yes/No
Session Option:
Use the space bar to toggle this field to Yes and
press [Enter] to open Menu 11.5 to edit the filter
sets. See the Remote Node Filter section for
more details.
Default=
Blank
This value specifies the number of idle seconds
that elapses before the remote node is
automatically disconnected. Idle seconds is the
period of time when no data is transmitted from
your Prestige. Administrative packets such as
RIP are not counted as data. This option only
applies when the Prestige initiates the call.
Default= 100
secs for the
first remote
node and
300 secs for
the others.
Edit Filter Sets
Session Option:
Idle Timeout (sec)
Once you have completed filling in Menu 11.1.1 – Remote Node Profile, press [Enter] at the
message [Press ENTER to Confirm…] to save your configuration, or press [Esc] at any time
to cancel.
4.1.2 Nailed-up Connection
A nailed-up connection is a dial-up line where the connection is always up
regardless of traffic demand. The Prestige does two things when you specify a
nailed-up connection. The first is that idle timeout is disabled. The second is that
the Prestige will try to bring up the connection at power-on and whenever the
connection is down.
A nailed-up connection can be very expensive for obvious reasons. Please do not
specify a nailed-up connection unless your telephone company offers flat-rate
service or you need a constant connection and the cost is of no concern.
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4.1.3 Outgoing Authentication Protocol
Generally speaking, you should employ the strongest authentication protocol
possible, for obvious reasons. However, some vendor’s implementation includes
specific authentication protocol in the user profile. It will disconnect if the
negotiated protocol is different from that in the user profile, even when the
negotiated protocol is stronger than specified. If you encounter the case where the
peer disconnects right after a successful authentication, please make sure that you
specify the correct authentication protocol when connecting to such an
implementation.
4.1.4 PPP Multilink
The Prestige uses the PPP Multilink Protocol (PPP/MP) to bundle multiple links
in a single connection to boost the effective throughput between two nodes. The
bundle works best when the member links are of the same type of call and at
approximately the same speed.
Due to the fragmentation/reconstruction overhead associated with MP, you may
not get a linear increase in throughput when a link is added.
The number of links in an MP bundle can be statically configured, or
dynamically determined at runtime, as explained in the following section.
4.1.5 Bandwidth on Demand
The Bandwidth on Demand (BOD) feature adds or subtracts links dynamically
according to traffic demand. After the initial call, the Prestige uses BAP
(Bandwidth Allocation Protocol) to ask the peer for additional telephone number
if BACP (Bandwidth Allocation Control Protocol) is negotiated. Otherwise, the
Prestige uses the statically configured (primary and secondary) telephone
numbers of the remote node.
Remote Node Configuration
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The configuration of bandwidth on demand focuses on the Base Transmission
Rate (BTR) and the Maximum Transmission Rate (MTR). The relationship
between BTR and MTR are shown below:
Table 4-2 BTR v MTR for BOD
BTR & MTR Setting
No. of
channel(s) used
Max No. of
channel(s)
used
Bandwidth
on demand
BTR = 64, MTR = 64
1
1
Off
BTR = 64, MTR = 128
1
2
On
BTR = 128, MTR = 128
2
2
Off
When bandwidth on demand is enabled, a second channel will be brought up if
traffic on the initial channel is higher than the high Target Utility number for
longer than the specified Add Persist value. Similarly, the second channel will
be dropped if the traffic level falls below the low Target Utility number for
longer than the Subtract Persist value.
The Target Utility specifies the line utilization range at which you want the
Prestige to add or subtract bandwidth. The range is 30 to 64 kbps (kilobits per
second). The parameters are separated by a ‘-’. For example, ‘30-60’ means the
add threshold is 30 kbps and subtract threshold is 60 kbps. The Prestige performs
bandwidth on demand only if it initiates the call. Addition and subtraction are
based on the value set in the BOD Calculation field. If this field is set to
Transmit or Receive, then traffic in either direction will be included to
determine if a link should be added or dropped. Transmit will only use outgoing
traffic to make this determination and Receive will only use incoming traffic to
make this determination.
If, after making the call to bring up a second channel, the second channel does
not succeed in joining the Multilink Protocol bundle (because the remote device
does not recognize the second call as coming from the same device), the Prestige
will hang up the second call and continue with the first channel alone.
The BOD configuration is through Menu 11.2 - Remote Node PPP Options.
4-8
Remote Node Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
4.1.6 Editing PPP Options
To edit the remote node PPP Options, move the cursor to the Edit PPP Options
field in Menu 11.1 - Remote Node Profile, and use the space bar to select Yes.
Press Enter to open Menu 11.2, as shown below.
Menu 11.2 - Remote Node PPP Options
Encapsulation= Standard PPP
Compression= No
Multiple Link Options:
BOD Calculation= Transmit or Receive
Base Trans Rate(Kbps)= 64
Max Trans Rate(Kbps)= 64
Target Utility(Kbps)= 32-48
Add Persist(sec)= 5
Subtract Persist(sec)= 5
Press ENTER to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL:
Press Space Bar to Toggle.
Figure 4-3 Menu 11.2 - Remote Node PPP Options
The following table describes the Remote Node PPP Options Menu, and contains
instructions on how to configure the PPP options fields.
Remote Node Configuration
4-9
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
4-10
Remote Node Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Table 4-3 Remote Node PPP Options Menu Fields
Field
Encapsulation
Compression
Description
Select the CISCO PPP only when this remote node
is a Cisco machine; otherwise, select the
Standard PPP.
Turn on/off Stac Compression. The default for this
field is Off.
Option
Standard
PPP
CISCO PPP
On/Off
(Default = Off)
Multiple Link Options:
BOD Calculation
Select the direction of the traffic you wish to use in
determining when to add or subtract a link. The
default for this field is Transmit or Receive.
Default =
Transmit or
Receive
Base Trans Rate
Select the base data transfer rate for this remote
node in Kbps. There are two choices for this field64 where only one channel is used or 128 where
two channels are used as soon as a packet
triggers a call
64/128
Max Trans Rate
Enter the maximum data transfer rate allowed for
this remote node. This parameter is in kilobits per
second. There are two choices for this field- same
as above.
64/128
Target Utility
(kbps)
Enter the two thresholds separated by a [-] for
subtracting and adding the second port.
Default=10-20
Add Persist
This parameter specifies the number of seconds
where traffic is above the adding threshold before
the Prestige will bring up the second link.
Default = 5 sec
Subtract Persist
This parameter specifies the number of seconds
where traffic is below the subtraction threshold
before your Prestige drops the second link.
Default = 5 sec
Once you have completed filling in Menu 11.2 - Remote Node PPP Options, press [Enter] at
the message [Press ENTER to Confirm…] to save your configuration, or press [Esc] at any
time to cancel.
Remote Node Configuration
4-11
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
4.1.7 Remote Node Filter
Use Menu 11.5 – Remote Node Filter to specify the filter set(s) to apply to the
incoming and outgoing traffic between this remote node and the Prestige and to
prevent certain packets from triggering calls. You can specify up to 4 filter sets
separated by a comma, e.g., 1, 5, 9, 12, in each filter field. The default is no
filters.
Note that spaces are accepted in this field. For more information on defining the
filters, see Chapter 9. The Prestige comes with a prepackaged filter set,
NetBIOS_WAN, that blocks NetBIOS packets. You can include this in the call
filter sets if you wish to prevent NetBIOS packets from triggering calls to a
Menu 11.5 - Remote Node Filter
Input Filter Sets:
protocol filters=
device filters=
remote node.
Figure 4-4 Menu 11.5 – Remote Node Filter
4-12
Remote Node Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Chapter 5
Remote Node TCP/IP Configuration
This chapter shows you how to configure the TCP/IP parameters of a remote
node. A typical LAN-to-LAN application is to use your Prestige to connect a
branch office to the headquarters, as depicted in the following diagram.
5.1
LAN-to-LAN Application
Figure 5-1 TCP/IP LAN-to-LAN Application
Remote Node TCP/IP Configuration
5-1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
For the branch office, you need to configure a remote node in order to dial out to
the headquarters. Additionally, you may also need to define static routes if some
services reside beyond the immediate remote LAN.
5-2
Remote Node TCP/IP Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
5.1.1 Remote Node Setup
Follow the procedure in Chapter 5 - Remote Node Configuration to configure
the protocol-independent parameters in Menu 11 - Remote Node Profile. For the
TCP/IP parameters, follow the instructions below. If you are configuring your
Prestige to receive incoming calls, you also need to set the default dial-in
parameters in Menu 13.
Follow the steps below to edit Menu 11.3 - Remote Node Network Layer Options
shown below.
In Menu 11.1, make sure IP is among the protocols in the Route field. (The
Route field should display Route = IP or Route = IP + IPX.)
Move the cursor to the Edit IP/IPX/Bridge field, then press the space bar to
toggle and set the value to Yes. Press [Enter] to open Menu 11.3 - Network
Menu 11.3 - Remote Node Network Layer Options
IP Options:
Rem IP Addr: 0.0.0.0
Rem Subnet Mask= 0.0.0.0
My WAN Addr= 0.0.0.0
Single User Account= No
Metric= 2
Private= No
RIP Direction= Both
Version= RIP-2B
IPX Options:
Dial-On-Query= N/A
Rem LAN Net #= N/A
My WAN Net #= N/A
Hop Count= N/A
Tick Count= N/A
W/D Spoofing(min)= N/A
SAP/RIP Timeout(min)= N/A
Bridge Options:
Dial-On-Broadcast= N/A
Ethernet Addr Timeout(min)= N/A
Enter here to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL:
Layer Options.
Figure 5-2 Menu 11.3- Remote Node TCP/IP Options
Remote Node TCP/IP Configuration
5-3
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
The following diagram explains the Sample IP Addresses to help you to
understand the field of My Wan Addr in Menu 11.3.
Remote Network
192.168.1.0
192.168.3.1
Local Network
192.168.2.0
192.168.3.2
Prestige
Figure 5-3 Sample IP Addresses for a TCPI/IP LAN-to-LAN Connection
To configure the TCP/IP parameters of a remote node, first configure the three
fields in Menu 11 – Remote Node Profile, as shown in the table below. For more
details on the IP Option fields, refer to Chapter 3 – Internet Access
Application.
Table 5-1 TCP/IP related fields in Remote Node Profile
Field
Description
Route
Make sure IP is among the protocols in the Route field
in the Remote Node Profile.
Rem IP
Address
Enter the IP address of the remote gateway in Remote
Node Profile.
Edit
IP/IPX/Bridge
Press the space bar to select Yes and press Enter to
go to Menu 11.3 - Remote Node Network Layer
Options Menu.
5-4
Option
IP
Yes
(Yes/No)
Remote Node TCP/IP Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Options Menu.
The following table shows the TCP/IP related fields in Menu 11.3 - Remote
Node Network Layer Options.
Table 5-2 TCP/IP Remote Node Configuration
Rem IP
Address
This will show the IP address you entered for this remote node in
the previous menu.
Rem IP
Subnet
Mask
Enter the subnet mask for the remote network.
My WAN
Addr
Some implementations, especially the UNIX derivatives, require
the ISDN link to have a separate IP network number from the
LAN and each end must have a unique address within the WAN
network number. If this is the case, enter the IP address
assigned to the ISDN port of your Prestige.
Note that this is the address assigned to your local Prestige, not
the remote router.
Single
User
Account
Set this field to Yes to enable the Single User Account feature
for your Prestige. Use the space bar to toggle between Yes and
No. See Chapter 3 - Internet Access Application for more
information on the Single User Account feature.
Yes/No
Metric
The metric represents the “cost” of transmission for routing
purposes. IP routing uses hop count as the measurement of
cost, with a minimum of 1 for directly connected networks. Enter
a number that approximates the cost for this link. The number
need not be precise, but it must be between 1 and 15. In
practice, 2 or 3 is usually a good number.
1 to 15
Private
This parameter determines if the Prestige will include the route to
this remote node in its RIP broadcasts. If set to Yes, this route is
kept private and not included in RIP broadcast. If No, the route to
this remote node will be propagated to other hosts through RIP
broadcasts.
Yes/No
RIP
Press the space bar to select the RIP direction from Both/In
Only/Out Only.
Remote Node TCP/IP Configuration
(Default=
Both)
5-5
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Version=
Press the space bar to select the RIP version from RIP-1/RIP2B/RIP-2M.
RIP-1
(default
)
Once you have completed filling in the Network Layer Options Menu, press [Enter] to
return to Menu 11. Press [Enter] at the message [Press ENTER to Confirm...] to save
your configuration, or press [Esc] at any time to cancel.
5.1.2 Static Route Setup
Static routes tell the Prestige routing information that it cannot learn
automatically through other means. This can arise in cases where RIP is disabled
on the LAN or a remote network is beyond the one that is directly connected to a
N1
N2
N3
remote node.
Figure 5-4 Example of Static Routing Topology
Each remote node specifies only the network to which the gateway is directly
connected, and the Prestige has no knowledge of the networks beyond. For
instance, the Prestige knows about network N2 in the following diagram through
remote node Router 1. However, the Prestige is unable to route a packet to
network N3 because it doesn’t know that there is a route through remote node
Router 2. Static routes are for you to tell the Prestige about networks beyond the
remote nodes.
5-6
Remote Node TCP/IP Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Menu 12 - Static Route Setup
1. IP Static Route
2. IPX Static Route
3. Bridge Static Route
Please enter selection:
To configure an IP static route, use Menu 12, Static Route Setup, as displayed
below.
Router 1
Router 2
Prestige
Figure 5-5 Menu 12 - Static Route Setup
From Menu 12, select one of the available IP static routes to open Menu 12.1 - IP
Static Route Setup, as shown below.
Remote Node TCP/IP Configuration
5-7
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Menu 12.1 - IP Static Route Setup
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
Enter selection number:
Figure 5-6 Menu 12.1 - IP Static Route Setup
Choosing a static route to edit produces the following screen.
Menu 12.1.1 - Edit IP Static Route
Route #: 1
Route Name= ?
Active= No
Destination IP Address= ?
IP Subnet Mask= ?
Gateway IP Address= ?
Metric= 2
Private= No
Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel:
Figure 5-7Edit IP Static Route
The following table describes the fields for Menu 12.1.1 – Edit IP Static Route
Setup.
5-8
Remote Node TCP/IP Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Table 5-3 Edit IP Static Route Menu Fields
Field
Description
Route Name
Enter a descriptive name for this route. This is for identification purposes
only.
Active
This field allows you to activate/deactivate this static route.
Destination IP
Address
This parameter specifies the IP network address of the final destination.
Routing is always based on network number. If you need to specify a
route to a single host, use a subnet mask of 255.255.255.255 in the
subnet mask field to force the network number to be identical to the host
ID.
IP Subnet
Mask
Enter the subnet mask for this destination. Follow the discussion on IP
subnet mask in this chapter.
Gateway IP
Address
Enter the IP address of the gateway. The gateway is an immediate
neighbor of your Prestige that will forward the packet to the destination.
On the LAN, the gateway must be a router on the same segment as your
Prestige; over WAN, the gateway must be the IP address of one of the
remote nodes.
Metric
Same meaning as those in the Remote Node Setup.
Private
Same meaning as those in the Remote Node Setup.
Remote Node TCP/IP Configuration
5-9
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Chapter 6
IPX Configuration
This chapter shows you how to configure the IPX parameters of the Prestige.
6.1
IPX Network Environment
Novell bundles the protocol stack, the server software and routing functionality
in their NetWare server products. So a NetWare server is not only a file or print
server, it is also a router.
6.1.1 Network and Node Number
Every IPX machine has a network number and a node number, together they
form the complete address of the machine. The IPX network number is a 32-bit
quantity and is usually expressed in 8 hexadecimal digits, e.g., 0893A8CF. The
host number is a 48-bit quantity and usually is taken from the MAC (Media
Access Control) address of the Ethernet hardware, so you don’t have to explicitly
configure the node number.
An IPX client obtains its network number from a server that has the network
numbers statically configured. If there are multiple servers on a network, only
one server need to have the network numbers configured, and all other stations
(clients and servers) can obtain the network numbers from it. The server with
configured network numbers is called a seed router.
If you have a NetWare server on the same LAN as the Prestige, we recommend
that you set up a NetWare server as a seed router. Even though the Prestige is
capable as a seed router, a NetWare server offers a much more extensive facility
for network management.
IPX Configuration
6-1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
6.1.2 Frame Types
IPX can run on top of four different frame types on the Ethernet. These frame
types are 802.2, 802.3, Ethernet II (DIX), and SNAP (Sub-Network Access
Protocol). Each frame type is a separate logical network, even though they exist
on one physical cable ( see the following diagram).
Although there are four frame types available on the Ethernet, you should
configure as few frame types as possible on your NetWare server and use
automatic frame detection on the clients to simplify management and to reduce
network overhead.
Figure 6-1 NetWare Server
6.1.3 External Network Number
Each of the four logical networks (based on frame type) has its own external
network number.
6-2
IPX Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
6.1.4 Internal Network Number
In addition to the external network numbers, each NetWare server has its own
internal network number that is a virtual network to which the server is attached.
It is important to remember that every network number must be unique for that
Seed Router (Client Side)
Not Seed Router (Server Side)
Assigns Network Number
Learns Network Number
NetWare
Clients
NetWare
Prestige
Server
entire internetwork, either internal or external.
6.2
Prestige in an IPX Environment
There are two scenarios in which your Prestige is deployed, depending on
whether there is a NetWare server on the LAN, as depicted in the following
diagram.
Figure 6-2 Prestige in an IPX Environment
IPX Configuration
6-3
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
6.2.1 Prestige on LAN with Server
If your Prestige is on a LAN with a seed router, you do not need to configure the
LAN network numbers. Your Prestige will learn the network number from the
seed router and add the routes to its routing table.
6.2.2 Prestige on LAN without Server
Each IPX network must have a seed router. If you only have NetWare clients on
your network, then you must configure the Prestige as a seed router and set up
unique network numbers for each frame type enabled using the Ethernet Setup
Menu.
6.3
IPX Spoofing
Your Prestige comes with several pre-defined call filters designed to prevent
certain IPX packets from triggering a call to a remote node.
The built-in call filters are defined as follows:
Block periodical RIP (Routing Information Protocol) and SAP (Service
Advertising Protocol) response messages.
Block NetWare serialization packets.
Allow SAP and RIP inquiry packets.
6-4
IPX Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
6.4
IPX Ethernet Setup
From Menu 3 - Ethernet Setup, select option Novell IPX Setup to go to Menu
3.3 - Novell IPX Ethernet Setup as shown in the figure below.
Menu 3.3 - Novell IPX Ethernet Setup
Seed Router= No
Frame Type 802.2= Yes
IPX Network #= N/A
Frame Type 802.3= No
IPX Network #= N/A
Frame Type Ethernet II= No
IPX Network #= N/A
Frame Type SNAP= No
IPX Network #= N/A
Enter here to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL:
Press Space Bar to Toggle.
Figure 6-3 Menu 3.3 - Novell IPX Ethernet Setup
The following table describes the Novell IPX Ethernet Setup Menu.
Table 6-1 Novell IPX Ethernet Setup Fields
Field
Description
Options
Seed Router
Determine if your Prestige is to act as a seed router.
Yes/No
Frame Type
Enable/Disable the individual frame type.
Remember to enable only the ones that are actually
used on your network.
802.2
802.3
Ethernet II
SNAP
IPX Network
#
If your Prestige is a seed router, enter a unique
network number for each frame type enabled.
IPX Configuration
6-5
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Press [Enter] at the message [Press ENTER to Confirm ...] to save your configuration,
or press [Esc] at any time to cancel.
6.5
LAN-to-LAN Application with Novell IPX
Corporate LAN
Branch Office LAN
External Network
External Network
Number = 333
Number = 222
NetWare
Clients
NetWare
Prestige
Server
Internal Network
Number = 111
A typical LAN-to-LAN application is to use your Prestige to call from a branch
office to the corporate headquarters to enable the stations in the branch office to
access the NetWare servers at the headquarters, as depicted in the figure below.
Figure 6-4 LAN-to-LAN Application with Novell IPX
6-6
IPX Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
6.5.1 IPX Remote Node Setup
Follow the procedure in Chapter 5 to configure the protocol-independent
parameters in Menu 11.1 - Remote Node Profile. For the IPX-specific parameters
in Menu 11.3 - Remote Node Network Layer Options follow the instructions
below. If you want the Prestige to receive incoming calls, you must also
configure the default dial-in parameters in Menu 13.
To edit Menu 11.3 - Remote Node Network Layer Options shown below, follow
these steps:
Step 1.
In Menu 11.1, make sure IPX is among the protocols in the Route
field. (The Route field should display Route = IPX or Route = IP +
IPX.)
Step 2.
Move the cursor to the Edit IP/IPX/Bridge field, then press the space
bar to select Yes and press [Enter] to open Menu 11.3 - Network
Menu 11.3 - Remote Node Network Layer Options
IP Options:
Rem IP Addr:
Rem Subnet Mask= N/A
My WAN Addr= N/A
Single User Account= N/A
Server IP Addr= N/A
Metric= N/A
Private= N/A
RIP Direction= N/A
Version= N/A
IPX Options:
Dial-On-Query= No
Rem LAN Net #= 00000000
My WAN Net #= 00000000
Hop Count= 1
Tick Count= 2
W/D Spoofing(min)= 3
SAP/RIP Timeout(min)= 3
Bridge Options:
Dial-On-Broadcast= N/A
Ethernet Addr Timeout(min)= N/A
Enter here to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL:
Layer Options.
Figure 6-5 Menu 11.3 - Remote Node Novell IPX Options
IPX Configuration
6-7
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
The table below describes the IPX-specific parameters of the remote node setup.
Table 6-2 Remote Node Novell IPX Options
Field
Description
Option
Dial-OnQuery
This field is necessary for your Prestige on the client side. When
set to Yes, any Get Service SAP or RIP broadcasts will trigger
your Prestige to make a call to that remote node.
Yes/No
Rem LAN
Net #
In this field, enter the internal network number of the NetWare
server on the remote LAN.
My WAN
Net #
In this field, enter the network number of the ISDN link. If you
leave this field as 00000000, your Prestige will determine
automatically the network number through negotiation with the
PPP peer.
Hop Count
This field indicates the number of intermediate networks that must
be passed through to reach the remote node.
Tick Count
This field indicates the time-ticks required to reach the remote
node.
W/D
Spoofing
(min)
This field is for the Prestige on the server side. Your Prestige can
spoof a response to a server’s WatchDog request after the
connection is dropped. In this field, type in the time (number of
minutes) that you want your Prestige to spoof the WatchDog
response.
SAP/RIP
Timeout
(min)
This field indicates the amount of time that you want your Prestige
to maintain the SAP and RIP entries learned from this remote
node in its internal tables after the connection has been dropped.
If this information is retained, then your Prestige will not have to
get the SAP information when the line is brought back up. Enter
the time (number of minutes) in this field.
000000
00
(default)
1
(default)
2
(default)
Once you have completed filling in the Network Layer Options Menu, press [Enter] to return
to Menu 11.1. Then press [Enter] at the message [Press ENTER to Confirm] to save your
configuration, press [Esc] to cancel.
6-8
IPX Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
6.5.2 IPX Static Route Setup
Similar to IP, IPX static routes tell the Prestige how to reach servers beyond a
remote node before a connection to that remote node is established.
From Menu 12, select two, then select one of the IPX Static Routes to open Menu
12.2.1 - Edit IPX Static Route, as shown below.
Menu 12.2.1 - Edit IPX Static Route
Route #= 11
Server Name= ?
Active= Yes
Network #= ?
Node #= 000000000001
Socket #= 0451
Type #= 0004
Hop Count= 2
Tick Count= 3
Gateway Node= 1
Press ENTER to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL:
Figure 6-6 Menu 12.2 - Edit IPX Static Route
IPX Configuration
6-9
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
The following table contains the instructions on how to configure the Edit IP
Static Route Menu.
Table 6-3 Edit IPX Static Route Menu Fields
Field
Description
Server Name
In this field, enter the name of the server. This must be the exact name
configured in the NetWare server.
Network #
This field contains the internal network number of the remote server that
you wish to access. [00000000] or [FFFFFFFF] are reserved.
Node #
This field contains the address of the node on which the server resides. If
you are using a Novell IPX implementation, this value is [000000000001].
Socket #
This field contains the socket number on which the server will receive
service requests. The default for this field is hex [0451].
Type #
This field identifies the type of service the server provides. The default for
this field is hex [0004].
Gateway Node
In this field, enter the number of the remote node that is the gateway for
this static route.
Hop Count and
Tick Count
These two fields have the same meaning as those in the Ethernet setup.
Once you have completed filling in the menu, press [Enter] at the message [Press ENTER to
Confirm…] to save your configuration, or press [Esc] to cancel to cancel.
6-10
IPX Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Chapter 7
Bridging Setup
This chapter shows you how to configure the bridging parameters of your
Prestige.
7.1
Bridging in General
Bridging bases the forwarding decision on the MAC (Media Access Control), or
hardware, address, while routing does it on the network layer (IP or IPX) address.
Bridging allows the Prestige to transport packets of network layer protocols that
the Prestige does not route, e.g., SNA, from one network to another. The caveat
is that, compared to routing, bridging generates more traffic for the same network
layer protocol and it also demands more CPU cycles and memory.
For efficiency reason, do not turn on bridging unless you need to support
protocols other than IP and IPX on your network. For IP and IPX, enable the
respective routing if you need it; do not bridge what the Prestige can route.
7.2
Bridge Ethernet Setup
Basically, all non-local packets are bridged to the WAN; however, your Prestige
applies special handling for certain IPX packets to reduce the number of calls,
depending on the setting of the Handle IPX field.
Bridging Setup
7-1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
From Menu 3 - Ethernet Setup, enter option Bridge Setup and Menu 3.4 Bridge Ethernet Setup displays as shown below.
Menu 3.4 - Bridge Ethernet Setup
Handle IPX= None
Press ENTER to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL:
Press Space Bar to Toggle.
Figure 7-1 Menu 3.5 - Bridge Ethernet Setup
The following table describes how to configure the Handle IPX field in Menu
3.5.
Table 7-1 Bridge Ethernet Setup Menu - Handle IPX Field Configuration
Handle IPX Field
Description
(Menu 3.5)
None
When there is no IPX traffic on the LAN or when you do not want to
apply any special handling for IPX.
Client
When there are only client workstations on the LAN. RIP and SAP
(Service Advertising Protocol) response packets will not trigger calls.
Server
When there are only IPX servers on the LAN. No RIP or SAP packets
will trigger calls. In addition, during the time when the line is down, your
Prestige will reply to watchdog messages from the servers on behalf of
remote clients. The period of time that your Prestige will do this is linked
to the Ethernet Address Timeout parameter in each remote node (see
Remote Node Configuration). When a remote Ethernet address is aged
out, there is no need to maintain its connection to the IPX server.
If there are both clients and servers on the LAN, and the local clients will access
the remote servers, set this field to Server but turn on the Dial-On-Broadcast
parameter in Menu 11.3 to allow the client queries to trigger calls.
7-2
Bridging Setup
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
7.2.1 Remote Node Bridging Setup
Follow the procedure in Chapter 5 to configure the protocol-independent
parameters in Menu 11.1 - Remote Node Profile. For bridging-specific
parameters, you need to configure Menu 11.3 - Remote Node Network Layer
Options.
To setup Menu 11.3 - Remote Node Network Layer Options, follow these steps:
Step 1.
In Menu 11.1, make sure the Bridge field is set to Yes.
Step 2.
Move the cursor to the Edit IP/IPX/Bridge field, then press the space
Menu 11.3 - Remote Node Network Layer Options
IP Options:
Rem IP Addr:
Rem Subnet Mask= N/A
My WAN Addr= N/A
Single User Account= N/A
Server IP Addr= N/A
Metric= N/A
Private= N/A
RIP Direction= N/A
Version= N/A
IPX Options:
Dial-On-Query= No
Rem LAN Net #= 00000000
My WAN Net #= 00000000
Hop Count= 1
Tick Count= 2
W/D Spoofing(min)= 3
SAP/RIP Timeout(min)= 3
Bridge Options:
Dial-On-Broadcast= No
Ethernet Addr Timeout(min)= 0
Enter here to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL:
bar to select Yes and press [Enter] to open Menu 11.3 - Network
Layer Options.
Figure 7-2 Menu 11.3 - Remote Node Bridging Options
Bridging Setup
7-3
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
The following table describes the bridging-specific parameters in the Remote
Node Profile and Network Layers menus.
Table 7-2 Remote Node Network Layers Menu Bridge Options
Field
Description
Bridge
Make sure this field is set to Yes.
Edit IP/IPX/Bridge
Press the space bar to change it to Yes and press Enter] to go to the
Network Layer Options Menu.
Dial-On-Broadcast
This field is necessary for your Prestige on the caller side LAN. When
set to Yes, any broadcasts coming from the LAN will trigger your
Prestige to make a call to this remote node. If it is set to No, your
Prestige will not make the outgoing call.
Ethernet Addr
Timeout (min)
In this field, enter the time (number of minutes) that you wish your
Prestige to retain the Ethernet Addr information in its internal tables
while the line is down. If this information is retained, your Prestige will
not have to recompile the tables when the line is brought back up.
Once you have completed filling in the Network Layer Options Menu, press [Enter] to return to
Menu 11.1. Then press [Enter] at the message [Press ENTER to Confirm…] to save your
configuration, or press [Esc] to cancel.
7-4
Bridging Setup
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
7.3
Bridge Static Route Setup
Similar to network layer static routes, a bridging static route tells the Prestige
about the route to a node before a connection is established. You configure
bridge static routes in Menu 12.3.1, by pressing 3 in menu 12 and then selecting
Menu 12.3 - Bridge Static Route Setup
1. ________
2. ________
3. ________
4. ________
Enter selection number:
one of the bridge static routes as shown below.
Figure 7-3 Menu 12.3 - Bridge Static Route Setup
Menu 12.3 - Edit Bridge Static Route
Route #: 21
Route Name=
Active= No
Ether Address= ?
IP Address=
Gateway Node= 1
Press ENTER to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL:
Figure 7-4 Menu 12.3.1 - Edit Bridge Static Route
Bridging Setup
7-5
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
The following table describes the Bridge Static Route Menu.
Table 7-3 Bridge Static Route Menu Fields
Field
Description
Route Name
Enter a name for the bridge static route for identification purposes.
Active
Activate/deactivate the static route.
Ether Address
Enter the MAC address of the destination machine that you wish to
bridge the packets to.
IP Address
If available, enter the IP address of the destination machine that you
wish to bridge the packets to.
Gateway Node
Enter the number of the remote node that is the gateway of this static
route. When a packet’s destination Ethernet (MAC) address matches
the value entered above, it will trigger a call to this remote node.
Once you have completed filling in this menu, press [Enter] at the message [Press
ENTER to Confirm…] to save your configuration, or press [Esc] to cancel.
7-6
Bridging Setup
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Chapter 8
Dial-in Server Configuration
You can configure your Prestige to receive calls from remote dial-in users, e.g.,
telecommuters, as well as remote nodes. There are several differences between
dial-in users and remote nodes, as summarized in the table below.
Table 8-1 Remote Dial-in Users/Remote Nodes Comparison Chart
Remote Dial-in Users
Remote Nodes
Your Prestige will only answer calls from remote
dial-in users; it will not make calls to them.
Your Prestige can make calls to and
receive calls from the remote node.
All remote dial-in users share one common set
of parameters, as defined in the Default Dial In
Setup (Menu 13).
Each remote node can have its own set of
parameters such as Bandwidth On
Demand, Protocol, Security, etc.
This chapter discusses how to setup default dial-in parameters for both remote
node and remote dial-in users. The following sections give two examples of how
your Prestige can be configured as a dial-in server.
Due to memory constraints, your Prestige can only store a finite number of users
locally. If there are more remote dial-in users than what Prestige can support
locally, you can use an external RADIUS server to provide authentication
service. For details on using a RADIUS server, see the Using RADIUS
Authentication section in Chapter 13 - System Security.
Dial-In Server Configuration
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
8.1
Remote Access Server
Telecommuting enables people to work at remote sites and yet still have access to
the resources in the business office. Typically, a telecommuter will use a client
workstation with TCP/IP and dial-out capabilities, e.g., a Windows PC or a
Macintosh. For telecommuters to call in to your Prestige, you need to configure a
dial-in user profile for each telecommuter. Additionally, you need to configure
the Default Dial-In Setup to set the operational parameters for all dial-in users.
An example of remote access server for telecommuters is shown below .
Corporate LAN
Telecommuting
Remote User
E th e rn e t L A N
Mo de m / ISDN TA
ISDN TA
ISDN
Prestige
Figure 8-1 Example of Telecommuting
8-2
Dial-In Server Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
8.2
LAN-to-LAN Server Application
Your Prestige can also be used as a dial-in server for LAN-to-LAN application to
provide access for the workstations on a remote network. For your Prestige to be
set up as a LAN-to-LAN server, you need to configure the Default Dial-In Setup
to set the operational parameters for incoming calls. Additionally, you must
create a remote node for the router on the remote network (see Chapter 5 Remote Node Configuration).
Remote Network
Local Network
LAN-to-LAN
Server
Prestige
Prestige
An example of your Prestige being used as a LAN-to-LAN server is shown
below.
Figure 8-2 Example of a LAN-to-LAN Server Application
Dial-In Server Configuration
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
8.3
Default Dial-In Setup
This section covers the default dial-in parameters. The parameters in Menu 13
affect incoming calls from both remote dial-in users, and remote nodes until
authentication is completed. Once authentication is completed and if it matches a
Menu 13 - Default Dial-in Setup
Telco Options:
CLID Authen= None
PPP Options:
Recv Authen= CHAP/PAP
Compression= Yes
Mutual Authen= No
PAP Login= N/A
PAP Password= N/A
Multiple Link Options:
Max Trans Rate= 128
Callback Budget Management:
Allocated Budget(min)=
Period(hr)=
IP Address Supplied By:
Dial-in User= Yes
IP Pool= No
IP Start Addr= N/A
IP Count(1,2)= N/A
IPX Net Num Supplied By:
IPX Pool= No
IPX Start Net Num= N/A
IPX Count(2,16)= N/A
Session Options:
Edit Filter Sets= No
Idle Timeout= 300
Press ENTER to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL:
Press Space Bar to Toggle.
remote node, your Prestige will use parameters from that particular remote node.
Figure 8-3 Menu 13 – Default Dial-in Setup
From the Main Menu, enter 13 to go to Menu 13 – Default Dial-in Setup. This
section describes how to configure the protocol-independent fields in this menu.
For the protocol-dependent fields, refer to the appropriate chapters.
The table below describes and contains information on how to configure each
parameter in Menu 13 – Default Dial-in Setup.
8-4
Dial-In Server Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Table 8-2 Default Dial-in Setup Fields
Field
Description
Telco Options:
CLID Authen
This field sets the CLID authentication parameter for all
incoming calls. There are three options for this field:
None - No CLID is required.
Required – CLID must be available, or the
Prestige will not answer the call.
Preferred - If the CLID is available then CLID will
be used; otherwise, authentication is performed in
PPP negotiation.
Option
None
Required
Preferred
PPP Options:
Recv. Authen
This field sets the authentication protocol for incoming
calls. For security reason, setting authentication to
none is strongly discouraged. Options for this field are:
CHAP/PAP - Your Prestige will try CHAP first, but
PAP will be used if CHAP is not available.
CHAP – Use CHAP only.
CHAP
PAP – Use PAP only.
PAP
None – Your Prestige tries to acquire CHAP/PAP
first, but no authentication is required if
CHAP/PAP is not available.
None
Compression
Turn on/off Stac Compression. The default for this field
is Off.
Mutual Authen
Some vendors, e.g., Cisco, require mutual
authentication, i.e., the node that initiates the call will
request a user name and password from the far end
that it is dialing to. If the remote node requires mutual
authentication, set this field to Yes.
PAP Login
CHAP/PAP
On
Off
Yes/No
This field is applicable only if the Mutual Authen. Field
is set to Yes. Enter in the login name to be used to
Dial-In Server Configuration
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
respond to the far end’s PAP authentication request.
This field does not apply to CHAP authentication.
PAP Password
This field is applicable only if the Mutual Authen. Field
is set to Yes. Enter in the PAP password to be used to
respond to the far end’s authentication request. This
field does not apply to CHAP authentication.
Multiple Link
Options:
Max Trans Rate
Enter the maximum data transfer rate between your
Prestige and the remote dial-in user. 64 - At most, one
B channel is used. 128 - A maximum of two channels
can be used.. When the Prestige calls back to the
remote dial-in user, the maximum data transfer rate is
always 64.
64/128
This field sets the budget callback time for all the
remote dial-in users. The default for this field is 0 for no
budget control.
Default = 0
Callback Budget
Management:
Allocated Budget
(min)
Period (hr)
This field sets the time interval to reset the above
callback budget control.
IP Address
Supplied By:
Dial-in User
IP Pool
8-6
If set to Yes, the Prestige will allow a remote host to
specify its own IP address.
(Default =
Yes)
If set to No, the remote host must use the IP address
assigned by your Prestige from the IP pool, configured
below. This is to prevent the remote host from using an
invalid IP address and potentially disrupting the whole
network.
Yes/No
This field tells your Prestige to provide the remote host
with an IP address from the pool. This field is required if
Dial-In IP Address Supplied By: Dial-in User is set to
No. You can configure this field even if Dial-in User is
set to Yes, in which case your Prestige will accept the
IP address if the remote peer specifies one; otherwise,
an IP address is assigned from the pool.
Yes/No
(Default =
No)
Dial-In Server Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
IP Pool: IP Start
Addr
This field is applicable only if you selected Yes in the
Dial-In IP Address Supplied By: IP Pool field.
The IP pool contains contiguous IP addresses and this
field specifies the first one in the pool.
IP Count (1,2)
In this field, enter the number (1 or 2,) of addresses in
the IP Pool. For example, if the starting address is
192.168.135.5 and the count is 2, then the pool will
have 192.68.135.5 and 192.68.135.6
1, 2
This field tells your Prestige to provide the remote host
with an IPX network number from the pool. Otherwise,
your Prestige will generate a random IPX network
number.
Yes/No
IPX Net. Num.
Supplied By:
IPX Pool
IPX Start Net
Num
IPX Count (2,16)
Session Options:
Edit Filter
Sets
(Default =
No)
This field is applicable only if you selected Yes in the
Dial-In IPX Net. Num. Supplied By: IPX Pool field.
The IPX pool contains contiguous IPX network numbers
and this field specifies the first one in the pool.
Enter the number (2 - 16) of network numbers in the
IPX Pool. For example, if the starting number is
12345678, and the count is 2, then the IPX pool will
have 12345678 and 12345679.
Press Yes, then [Enter] to edit the filter sets. Keep in
mind that the filter set(s) will only apply to remote dial-in
users but not the remote nodes.
2 to 16
Default =
blank
Note that spaces and [-] symbol, are accepted in this
field. For more information on customizing your filter
sets, see Chapter 9 - Filter Configuration. The default is
blank, i.e., no filters.
Once you have completed filling in Menu 13 - Default Dial-in Setup, press [Enter] at the
message [Press ENTER to Confirm…] to save your configuration, or press [Esc] at any
time to cancel.
Dial-In Server Configuration
8-7
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
8.3.1 Default Dial-in Filter
Use Menu 13.1 – Default Dial-in Filter to specify the filter set(s) to apply to the
incoming and outgoing traffic between all dial-in users and your Prestige. Note
that the filter set(s) only applies to the dial-in users but not the remote nodes.
You can specify up to 4 filter sets separated by comma, e.g., 1, 5, 9, 12, in each
filter field. The default is no filters.
Spaces are accepted in this field. For more information on defining the filters,
Menu 13.1 - Default Dial-in Filter
Input Filter Sets:
protocol filters=
see Chapter 9.
Figure 8-4 Default Dial-in Filter
8.4
Dial-In Users Setup
The following steps describe the setup procedure for setting up a remote dial-in
user.
Step 1.
From the Main Menu, enter option 14 to go to Menu 14 - Dial-in User
Setup, as shown in the figure below.
Menu 14 - Dial-in User Setup
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
8-8
JohnDoe
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
Enter Menu Selection Number:
Dial-In Server Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Figure 8-5 Menu 14 - Dial-in User Setup
Step 2.
Select one of the users by number, this will bring you to Menu 14.1 Edit Dial-in User, as shown below.
Menu 14.1 - Edit Dial-in User
User Name= ?
Active= Yes
Password= ?
Callback= No
Phone # Supplied by Caller= N/A
Callback Phone #= N/A
Rem CLID=
Idle Timeout= 300
Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel:
Figure 8-6 Edit Dial-in User
Dial-In Server Configuration
8-9
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
The following table provides instructions on how to fill in the Edit Dial-In User
fields.
Table 8-3 Edit Dial-in User Menu Fields
Field
Description
Option
User
Name
This is a required field. This will be used as the login name for
authentication. Choose a descriptive word for login, for example,
[JohnDoe].
Active
You can disallow dial-in access to this user by setting this field
to Inactive. Inactive users are displayed with a [-] (minus sign)
at the beginning of the name in Menu 14.
Password
Enter the password for the remote dial-in user.
Callback
This field determines if your Prestige will allow call back to this
user upon dial-in. If this option is enabled, your Prestige will call
back to the user if requested. In such a case, your Prestige will
disconnect the initial call from this user and dial back to the
specified callback number (see below).
Optional - The user can choose to disable callback.
Mandatory - The user can not disable callback.
This option allows the user to specify the call back telephone
number on a call-by-call basis. This is useful when your Prestige
returns a call back to a mobile user at different numbers, e.g., a
sales rep. in a hotel.
If the setting is Yes, the user can specify and send to the
Prestige the callback number of his/her choice.
The default is No, i.e., your Prestige always calls back to
the fixed callback number.
Callback
Phone #
8-10
Inactive
Default=No
No
No - The default is no callback.
Phone #
Supplied
by Caller
Active
Optional
Mandatory
Default=No
Yes
No
If Phone # Supplied by Caller is No, then this is a required
field. Otherwise, a N/A will appear in the field. Enter the
telephone number to which your Prestige will call back.
Dial-In Server Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Table 8-4 Edit Dial-in User Menu Fields (continued)
Field
Description
Rem CLID
If you enable CLID Authen field in Menu 13, then you need to
specify the telephone number from which this user calls. Your
Prestige will check the CLID in the incoming call against the
CLIDs in the database. If they do not match and CLID Authen is
Required, your Prestige will not answer the call.
Idle Timeout
Enter the idle time (in seconds). This time-out determines how
long the dial-in user can be idle before your Prestige disconnects
the call when the Prestige is calling back.
Option
Default=30
0 seconds
Idle time is defined as the period of time where there is no data
traffic between the dial-in user and your Prestige. The default is
300 seconds (5 minutes).
Once you have completed filling in Menu 14.1 - Edit Dial-in User, press [Enter] at the
message [Press ENTER to Confirm…] to save your configuration, or press [Esc] at any time
to cancel.
8.4.1 CLID Authentication
CLID (Calling Line IDentification) authentication affords you the security of
limiting a user to only initiate connections from a fixed location. The Prestige
uses the caller ID sent by the switch to match against the CLIDs in the database.
Please note that for CLID authentication to work on the Prestige, your telephone
company must support caller ID.
8.4.2 Callback
Callback serves two purposes. One is security. When set to callback to a fixed
number, an intruder will not gain access to your network even if he/she stole the
password from your user, because the Prestige always calls back to the preconfigured number.
The other is ease of accounting. For instance, your company pays for the
connection charges for telecommuting employees and you use your Prestige as
the dial in server. When you turn on the callback option for the dial-in users, all
Dial-In Server Configuration
8-11
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
usage is charged to the company instead of the employees, and your accounting
department can avoid the hassles of accountability and reimbursement.
8.5
Multiple Servers behind SUA
If you wish, you can make inside servers for different services, e.g., web or FTP,
visible to the outside users, even though SUA makes your whole inside network
appear as a single machine to the outside world. A service is identified by the
port number, e.g., web service is on port 80 and FTP on port 21.
As an example, if you have a web server at 192.168.1.2 and an FTP server
192.168.1.3, then you need to specify for port 80 (web) the server at IP address
192.168.1.2 and for port 21 (FTP) another at IP address 192.168.1.3.
Please note that a server can support more than one service, e.g., a server can
provide both FTP and DNS service, while another provides only web service.
Also, since you need to specify the IP address of a server in the Prestige, a server
must have a fixed IP address and not be a DHCP client whose IP address
potentially changes each time it is powered on.
In addition to the servers for specific services, SUA supports a default server. A
service request that does not have a server explicitly designated for it is
forwarded to the default server. If the default server is not defined, the service
request is simply discarded.
To make a server visible to the outside world, specify the port number of the
service and the inside IP address of the server in Menu 15, Multiple Server
Configuration.
8.5.1 Configuring a Server behind SUA
Follow the steps below to configure a server behind SUA:
1. Enter 15 in the main menu to go to menu 15, Multiple Server Configuration.
8-12
Dial-In Server Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
2. Enter an index number in menu 15 to go to menu 15.1, SUA Server
Menu 15 - Multiple Server Configuration
Port #
---1.Default
2. 0
3. 0
4. 0
5. 0
6. 0
7. 0
8. 0
IP Address
--------------0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel:
Configuration.
3. Enter the service port number in the Port # field and the inside IP address of the
server in the IP Address field.
4. Press ENTER at the “Press ENTER to confirm …” prompt to save your
configuration after you define all the servers or press ESC at any time to cancel.
Figure 8-7 Multiple Server Configuration
The most often used port numbers are:
Table 8-5 Services vs. Port number
Dial-In Server Configuration
8-13
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Services
Port Number
FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
21
Telnet
23
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
25
DNS(Domain Name System)
53
HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer protocol or WWW, Web) 80
PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol)
8-14
1723
Dial-In Server Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Chapter 9
Advanced Phone Services
The Prestige 128+ supports a comprehensive set of advanced calling features
known as Supplemental Services. These features include:
♦ Call Waiting
♦ Three Way Calling (conference)
♦ Call Transfer
♦ Call Forwarding
9.1
Getting Started
9.1.1 Things you need to know before you start using
Supplemental Services.
♦ Additional Call Offering (ACO) is required on your ISDN line in order to use
the Call Waiting feature. Flexible Calling is required on your ISDN line in
order to use the Three-Way-Calling or Call Transfer features. You need to
check with your telephone company to confirm if these services are available
to you and if so, are there any additional charges for them.
♦ In some cases, your telephone company may only enable these features on
your first directory (phone) number. In this case, you may want to request
that the features be enabled on your second directory number as well.
Advanced Phone Services
9-1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
9.2
Setting Up Supplemental Phone Service
All Supplemental Phone Services are enabled by default except for Call Waiting,
which is disabled by default but can be enabled in Menu 2.1- ISDN Advanced
Setup. The Calling Line Indication or Caller ID, also in this menu decides
whether the other party can see your number when you call. If set to Presented
(CLIP) (default), the Prestige sends the caller ID and the party you call can see
your number, otherwise, the caller ID is blocked.
9.3
The Flash Key
Flashing means to press the hook for a short period of time (a few hundred
milliseconds) before releasing it. On newer telephones, there should be a “flash”
key (button) that generates the signal electronically. If the flash key is not
available, you can tap (press and immediately release) the hook by hand to
achieve the same effect. However, using the flash key is preferred since the
timing is much more precise. With manually tapping, if the duration is too long,
it may be interpreted as hanging up by the Prestige.
9.4
Call Waiting
ISDN Call Waiting allows you to place a call on hold while you answer another
incoming call on the same telephone (directory) number.
By default call waiting is disabled on both telephone ports, but can be enabled on
either port from Menu 2.1.
9.4.1 How to use call waiting
The Call Waiting feature on your ISDN line works in exactly the same way as it
does on a regular analog line (which almost everyone is familiar with). To put the
9-2
Advanced Phone Services
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
current call on hold and answer the incoming call, press the flash key after
hearing a call waiting indicator tone.
Dropping current call to switch to incoming/holding call.
After hearing a Call Waiting indicator tone, simply hang up the telephone and
wait for the telephone to ring before answering the incoming/holding call.
Notes: An incoming caller receives a busy signal if
♦ You have two calls active (one active and one on hold, or both active using
Three Way Calling) already.
♦ You are dialing a number on the B-Channel the incoming caller is attempting
to reach, but have not yet established a connection.
9.5
Three way calling
The Three Way Call feature allows you to add a third party to an existing call.
This service must be subscribed from your telephone company.
9.5.1 How To Use Three Way Calling
If you wish to call someone and conference him/her in with an existing call:
♦ Press the flash key to put the existing call on hold and receive a dial tone.
♦ Dial the third party’s telephone number.
♦ When you are ready to conference the calls together, press the flash key
again to establish a Three Way Conference Call.
Note: If you wish to cancel your attempt to establish the conference call because
the third party’s line in busy or if they don't answer, simply hang-up the
telephone and pick it back up after it starts ringing to return to the first caller.
To drop the last call added to the three-way-call:
Advanced Phone Services
9-3
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Simply press the flash key. The last call that was added to the conference is
dropped.
To drop yourself from the conference call:
If you hang up your telephone during a three-way-call and the two other callers
remain on the line, the ISDN network will do an implicit transfer to directly
connect the two remaining callers together.
9.6
Call Transfer
Call Transfer allows you to transfer an active call to a third party. This service
must be subscribed from your telephone company.
9.6.1 How To Use Call Transfer
Transferring an active call to a third party:
♦ Once you have an active call (Caller A), press the flash key to put Caller A
on hold and receive a dial tone.
♦ Dial the third party’s telephone number (Caller B).
♦ When you are ready to conference the two calls together, press the flash key
to establish a Three-Way-Conference call.
♦ Hang up the telephone. The ISDN network does an implicit transfer to
directly connect Caller A with Caller B.
9.6.2 To Do A Blind Transfer:
♦ Once you have an active call (Caller A), press the flash key to put the
existing call on hold and receive a dial tone.
♦ Dial the third party’s telephone number (Caller B).
9-4
Advanced Phone Services
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
♦ Before Caller B picks up the call, you can transfer the call by pressing the
flash key. The call is automatically transferred.
9.7
Call Forwarding
Call forwarding means the switch will ring another number at a place where you
will be when someone dials your directory number.
There are two methods to activate call forwarding. The first is exactly the same
as on an analog line, i.e., you pick up the handset and dial the access code
assigned by your telephone company and the number that you want the calls
forwarded.
The second is with the “phone flash” commands where you pick up the handset
and press the flash key before dialing the following:
Table 9-1 Phone Flash Commands
Command
Meaning
*20*forward-number#
Activate CFB (Call Forwarding Busy)
*21*forward-number#
Activate CFU (Call Forwarding Unconditional)
*22*forward-number#
Activate CFNR (Call Forwarding No Reply)
Advanced Phone Services
9-5
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
#20#
Deactivate CFB
#21#
Deactivate CFU
#22#
Deactivate CFNR
Either method should work fine, and you can use whichever one you are most
comfortable with.
9-6
Advanced Phone Services
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Chapter 10
L2TP Support
This chapter shows how to reduce the cost of remote dial-up networking by
taking advantage of the Internet using L2TP (Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol).
10.1 What is L2TP?
Tunneling is the key to L2TP (and other virtual dial-up services). With tunneling,
protocol packets of one type of network are put inside or encapsulated in the
protocol packets of another network for transport across that network. A tunnel
has an entry point and an exit point that are essentially interfaces between two
different types of networks, although they are defined in software.
Dial-up users typically use the PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) for an Internet
connection. PPP is a layer 2 protocol that frames data so it can be sent across a
dial-up connection. The protocol allows users to run TCP/IP software such as
Web browsers as if they were directly connected to the Internet. In fact, user
TCP/IP packets are put into PPP frames for transport across the dial-up link to an
ISP. The ISP then extracts the TCP/IP packets and forwards them on the Internet.
L2TP enhances PPP by granting a means for a remote user to extend a PPP link
across the Internet all the way to a corporate site. In essence, a tunnel is
established across the Internet from the ISP to a corporate site and frames are
transmitted through the tunnel. Once the tunnel is set up, the ISP is essentially
out of the picture and the user communicates to the corporate network over what
appears to be a direct dial-up connection.
L2TP authenticates the endpoints but does not encrypt the packets as they travel
across the Internet.
L2TP
10-1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
10.2 Advantages of L2TP:
♦ Users can take advantage of the low cost of the Internet. Instead of making a
long-distance call to connect directly with the corporate site’s remote access
server, remote users dial in to a local ISP and use the Internet to handle all
long-distance connections.
♦ The protocol provides virtual dial-up because the user doesn’t really dial in
to the corporate network, but when the connection is complete, it’s as if he
does. This enables outsourcing of dial-up services to the ISP to support
remote users.
♦ Because PPP framing is used, remote users can access corporate sites using a
variety of protocols such as IP, IPX and so on.
♦ The corporate site assigns an IP address to a remote client instead of the ISP,
allowing it to control the assignment of IP addresses.
♦ L2TP provides end-system transparency, meaning that the remote user does
not require any special software to use the service in a secure way.
♦ An organization can control the authentication of users instead of the ISP.
10.3 How L2TP Works
Figure 10-1 How L2TP works
10-2
L2TP
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
In L2TP terminology, the NAS (network access server) at the ISP is the L2TP
client and is called a LAC (L2TP Access Concentrator). The Prestige at the
corporate LAN is the server and is called a LNS (L2TP Network Server). A
tunnel exists between the LAC and the LNS. The (mobile) user utilizes L2TP for
the Internet tunnel. In simple terms, a LAC forwards packets and must have a
GSTN connection; a LNS negotiates PPP with a user but does not necessarily
have a GSTN connection. Obviously, however, both the LAC and the LNS must
have access to the Internet. Both the LNS and LAC are called an L2TP endpoint.
After call connection, the user and the LNS negotiate PPP in exactly the same
fashion as a direct connection. However, instead of interfacing to the physical
device, e.g., ISDN, the LNS is talking to an L2TP tunnel, i.e., a logical device.
Please refer to the diagram above.
10.3.1 LNS (L2TP Network Server)
The LNS terminates a PPP connection - it handles the server side of the L2TP
protocol. Since L2TP runs on top of IP, the LNS may have only a single LAN or
WAN interface yet still be able to terminate calls arriving at any LAC's full range
of PPP interfaces (async, synchronous ISDN, V.120, etc.).
10.3.2 LAC (L2TP Access Concentrator)
The LAC relays the traffic between the LNS and the user. It may tunnel any
protocol carried within PPP.
For incoming calls, the LAC may negotiate LCP and authentication to discover
the apparent identity of the user; or it may use other mechanism, e.g., CLID. In
the case of PPP authentication, the LAC only performs partial negotiation, i.e.,
receiving PAP request or sending CHAP challenge and receiving response. Once
the user name (and hence the realm) is know, the LAC forwards all negotiation
data thus far gathered (LCP and authentication) to the LNS.
Note that a Prestige can be a LAC for one connection and a LNS for another at
the same time.
L2TP
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
The remote user dials in to an ISP. A tunnel is then set up from the ISP across the
Internet to a corporate gateway server. Once the tunnel is set up, mobile users
access the corporate network as if they had dialed directly into that network.
10.3.3 Internet-based tunnel process:
1. The remote user dials the ISP and the ISP collects logon information from the
user.
2. The ISP inspects the user name in the logon information and determines whether
a virtual dial-up service is required. The ISP maintains a database (endpoint
table) for a corporation that associates the user name (the realm or domain name)
with a specific endpoint (i.e., the corporate gateway).
3. The ISP establishes a tunnel by contacting the corporate gateway.
4. The authentication information that was initially collected from the remote user
in Step 1 is forwarded to the corporate gateway. Now the remote user is
authenticated by the corporate LNS.
5. Now the user has an end-to-end PPP link.
At this point, the connection between the remote user and the corporate network
is like any PPP connection. When the ISP receives frames from the remote user
over the PPP link, they are encapsulated in L2TP, and forwarded over the tunnel
to the LNS. The corporate gateway receives these frames, strips L2TP, and
processes them as normal incoming PPP frames.
10.4 The Prestige and L2TP
We will describe scenarios where we use the Prestige as a LNS and/or LAC for
both outgoing and incoming calls.
10-4
L2TP
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
10.4.1 Endpoint Table
Both the LNS and the LAC refer to this table to find the tunnel endpoint. Please
note that a receiving L2TP endpoint must have a fixed, globally unique IP
address while an initiating endpoint may have a dynamic IP address.
10.4.2 Prestige as LNS
Figure 10-2 Prestige as LNS
Incoming Call
L2TP
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
In this scenario, the ISP is the LAC. The LAC will search for the Endpoint
Name (domain or realm name) in its endpoint table to know whether it should
create a tunnel or not (i.e., ordinary Internet access). In the above example, a
tunnel is created between the Prestige LNS and the LAC. The user name and
password in Win 95’s Dial-up-Networking must be defined in menu 14.1, the
profile for this Dial-in User, so that PPP authentication can take place directly
between the user and the Prestige LNS while the LAC (ISP) remains transparent
to the process. An incoming L2TP call to the LNS is handled in exactly the same
Menu 11.1 - Remote Node Profile
Rem Node Name= ChangeMe
Active= Yes
Route= IPX
Call Direction= Outgoing
Bridge= No
Tunneling Mode= Direct
Endpoint Index= 1
Edit PPP Options= No
Rem IP Addr= 0.0.0.0
Incoming:
Edit IP/IPX/Bridge= No
Rem Login= N/A
Rem Password= N/A
Telco Option:
Allocated Budget(min)= 0
way as a GSTN call.
Figure 10-3 SMT Menu 11.1
Outgoing Call.
For a LNS to initiate an outbound L2TP call, it requires a remote node in the
same fashion as a regular GSTN call. Moreover, you need to specify a mode of
tunneling i.e., None, Proxy or Direct, and if tunneling is requested, you need to
specify the L2TP endpoint. This can be done in Menu 11.1 – Remote Node
Profile.
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L2TP
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Table 10-1 SMT Menu 11.1- Remote Profile L2TP fields
Field
Description
Tunneling mode
Select mode of Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP in menu
10). Choices are None, Direct or Proxy.
Endpoint Index
This is the corresponding index number of the endpoint
tunnel in Menu 10.
Direct mode
In Direct mode, you use two Prestiges directly to implement L2TP as illustrated.
Figure 10-4 Prestiges in Direct mode
The LAC (home or branch office Prestige) can log in to the ISP with the SUA
feature enabled, and when traffic needs to reach the corporate IPX (NetWare)
server, a tunnel will be created to the LNS. The LNS needs to have a static IP
address from the Internet. This is because when the LAC tries to setup a tunnel to
the corporate network, it needs to know the LNS’s IP address. In the above
example, the LAC must enter the IP address of the LNS. However, for the LNS,
L2TP
10-7
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
since the LAC’s IP address could be dynamically assigned each time a call is
made to the ISP, the user can enter any IP address in this case i.e., it is irrelevant
– see Figure 10-2. The LNS will accept the tunnel setup request from any IP
address as long as My Host Name and Shared Secret are correct.
The relevant SMT menus are as follows. See Chapter 6 for more information on
remote nodes. Four tunnel endpoint profiles can be defined in Menu 10.
Menu 10 - Tunnel Endpoint Setup
1. ________
2. ________
Figure 10-5 Menu 10 – Tunnel Endpoint Setup
Selecting one endpoint profile takes you to the following menu.
Menu 10.1 - Tunnel Endpoint Profile
Endpoint Name= ?
Active= Yes
My Host Name= ?
Peer Host Name= ?
Figure 10-6 Menu 10.1 Tunnel Endpoint Profile
Table 10-2 Tunnel Endpoint Profile Fields
10-8
Field
Description
Endpoint Name
This tells the Prestige the far end of the desired tunnel.
Active
Select Yes to activate this endpoint node.
My Host Name
This is the name of the Prestige for L2TP authentication.
L2TP
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Peer Host Name
This is the name of the peer computer at the far end.
Shared Secret
This password must be the same for both endpoints.
IP Address
A receiving L2TP endpoint must have a fixed, globally
unique IP address.
Proxy Mode
For the LNS in this case, choose Proxy for Tunneling Mode in menu 11.1 as
the LNS is asking the LAC to place a call on its behalf. If outgoing calls are
allowed and there is an idle phone line, the LAC will act as a proxy for the LNS.
The menu 10.1 entries are the same as described above.
Figure 10-7 Prestige in Proxy mode.
10.4.3 Prestige as LAC
Endpoint Name in Menu 10.1 is the key setting for the LAC for both incoming
and outgoing calls.
Incoming Call
For calls to a LAC, the long form of NAI (Network Access Identifier) is used.
The NAI is in the form of username@realm, where realm is typically a
domain name, e.g., user@zyxel.com.tw. The realm is the key in the search of the
endpoint. The LAC will search for the Endpoint Name in its endpoint table to
know whether to create a tunnel or not. If the realm matches the name of one of
the endpoints in the LAC, then the LAC handles this as a request for L2TP
L2TP
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Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
tunneling. In Figure 10-2 above, zyxel.com.tw is entered as the Endpoint Name
for the LAC in order to set up a tunnel to ZyXEL-HQ.
Outgoing Call
Here, the LNS asks the Prestige LAC to place a call on its behalf. If outgoing
calls are allowed and there is an idle phone line, the LAC will place the call. In
this scenario, the LAC acts as a proxy for the LNS.
10-10
L2TP
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Chapter 11
Filter Configuration
11.1 About Filtering
Your Prestige uses filters to decide whether or not to allow passage of a data
packet and/or to make a call. There are two types of filters: data filters and call
filters.
Data filters screen the data to determine if the packet should be allowed to pass.
Data filters are further divided into incoming and outgoing filters, depending on
the direction of the packet relative to a port. Call filters are used to determine if a
packet should be allowed to trigger a call.
Outgoing packets must pass through the data filters before they encounter the call
filters. Call filters are divided into two groups, the built-in call filters and userdefined call filters. Your Prestige has built-in call filters that prevent
administrative, e.g., RIP and SAP (Service Advertising Protocol), packets from
triggering calls. These filters are always enabled and not accessible to you. Your
Prestige applies the built-in filters first and then the user-defined call filters, if
applicable, as illustrated in the figure below, Figure 11-1 Outgoing Packet
Filtering Process.
Filter Configuration
11-1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Call Filters
Outgoing
Packet
Data
Filters
Match
Drop
packet
No
match
No
match
Built-in
default
Call Filters
User-defined
Call Filters
(if applicable)
Match
Drop packet
if line not up
No
match
Active Data
Initiate call
if line not up
Send packet
and reset
Idle Timer
Match
Drop packet
if line not up
Or
Or
Send packet
but do not reset
Idle Timer
Send packet
but do not reset
Idle Timer
Figure 11-1 Outgoing Packet Filtering Process
For incoming packets, your Prestige applies data filters only. Packets are
processed depending upon whether a match is found. The following sections
describe how to configure filter sets.
The Filter Structure of the Prestige
A filter set consists of one or more filter rules. Usually, you would group related
rules, e.g., all the rules for NetBIOS, into a single set and give it a descriptive
name. The Prestige allows you to configure up to twelve filter sets with six rules
in each set, for a total of 72 filter rules in the system.
You can apply up to four filter sets to a particular port to block multiple types of
packets. With each filter set having up to six rules, you can have a maximum of
24 rules active for a single port.
11-2
Filter Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
11.2 Configuring a Filter Set
To configure a filter set, follow the procedure below:
Step 1.
Select option 21. Filter Set Configuration from the Main Menu to
open Menu 21.
Menu 21 - Filter Set Configuration
Filter
Set #
-----1
2
3
4
5
6
Comments
-----------------______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
Filter
Set #
-----7
8
9
10
11
12
Comments
-----------------______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
Enter Filter Set Number to Configure=
Edit Comments=
Press ENTER to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL:
Figure 11-2 Menu 21 - Filter Set Configuration
Step 2.
Select the filter set you wish to configure (no. 1-12) and press [Enter].
Step 3.
Enter a descriptive name or comment in the Edit Comments field and
press Enter.
Step 4.
Press [Enter] at the message: [Press ENTER to confirm] to open Menu
21.1 - Filter Rules Summary.
Filter Configuration
11-3
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Menu 21.1 - Filter Rules Summary
# A Type
Filter Rules
M m n
- - ---- -------------------------------------------- --------- - - 1 N
2 N
3 N
4 N
5 N
6 N
Enter Filter Rule Number (1-6) to Configure:
Figure 11-3 Menu 21.1 - Filter Rules Summary
11.2.1 Filter Rules Summary Menu
This screen shows the summary of the existing rules in the filter set. The
following tables contain a brief description of the abbreviations used in Menu
21.1.
Table 11-1 Abbreviations Used in the Filter Rules Summary Menu
Abbreviations
Description
#
Refers to the filter rule number (16).
A
Refers to Active.
Display
[Y] means the filter rule is active.
[N] means the filter rule is inactive.
Type
11-4
Refers to the type of filter rule.
[GEN] for Generic
This shows GEN for generic, IP for
TCP/IP and IPX for Novell IPX.
[IP] for TCP/IP
[IPX] for Novell IPX
Filter Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Table 11-2 Abbreviations Used in the Filter Rules Summary Menu
(continued)
Abbreviations
Description
Filter Rules
The filter rule parameters will
be displayed here (see below).
M
Refers to More.
Display
[Y] means there are more rules to
check.
[N] means there are no more rules to
check.
m
Refers to Action Matched.
[F] means to forward the packet.
[D] means to drop the packet.
[N] means check the next rule.
n
Refers to Action Not Matched
[F] means to forward the packet.
[D] means to drop the packet.
[N] means check the next rule.
The protocol dependent filter rules abbreviation are listed as follows:
If the filter type is IP, the following abbreviations listed in the following
table will be used.
Table 11-3 Abbreviations Used If Filter Type Is IP
Abbreviation
Description
Pr
Protocol
SA
Source Address
SP
Source Port number
DA
Destination Address
DP
Destination Port number
Filter Configuration
11-5
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
If the filter type is IPX, the following abbreviations listed in the following
table will be used.
Table 11-4 Abbreviations Used If Filter Type Is IPX
Abbreviation
Description
PT
IPX Packet Type
SS
Source Socket
DS
Destination Socket
If the filter type is GEN (generic), the following abbreviations listed in the
following table will be used.
Table 11-5 Abbreviations Used If Filter Type Is GEN
Abbreviation
Description
Off
Offset
Len
Length
Refer to the next section for information on configuring the filter rules.
11-6
Filter Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
11.3 Configuring a Filter Rule
To configure a filter rule, enter its number in Menu 21.1 - Filter Rules Summary
and press Enter to open Menu 21.1.1 for the rule.
There are three types of filter rules: TCP/IP, IPX and Generic. Depending on the
type of rule, the parameters below the type will be different. Use the space bar to
select the type of rule that you wish to create in the Filter Type field and press
Enter to open the respective menu.
The network layer (TCP/IP and IPX) filters are collectively called protocol
filters. When NAT/SUA (Network Address Translation/Single User Account) is
enabled, the inside IP address and port number are replaced on a connection-byconnection basis, which makes it impossible to know the exact address and port
on the wire. Therefore, the Prestige applies the protocol filters to the “native” IP
address and port number before NAT/SUA for outgoing packets and after
NAT/SUA for incoming packets. On the other hand, the generic, or device,
filters are applied to the raw packets that appear on the wire.
To speed up filtering, all rules in a filter set must be of the same class, i.e.,
protocol filters or generic filters. The class of a filter set is determined by the
first rule that you create. When applying the filter sets to a port, separate menu
fields are provided for protocol and device filter sets. If you include a protocol
filter set in a device filters field or vice versa, the Prestige will warn you and will
not allow you to save.
11.3.1 TCP/IP Filter Rule
This section shows you how to configure a TCP/IP filter rule. TCP/IP rules
allow you to base the rule on the fields in the IP and the upper layer protocol,
e.g., UDP and TCP, headers.
To configure a TCP/IP rules, select TCP/IP Filter Rule from the Filter Type field
and press Enter to open Menu 21.1.1 - TCP/IP Filter Rule, as shown below.
Filter Configuration
11-7
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Menu 21.1.1 - TCP/IP Filter Rule
Filter #: 1,1
Filter Type= TCP/IP Filter Rule
Active= No
IP Protocol= 0
IP Source Route= No
Destination: IP Addr=
IP Mask=
Port #= 0
Port # Comp= None
Source: IP Addr=
IP Mask=
Port #= 0
Port # Comp= None
TCP Estab= N/A
More= No
Log= None
Action Matched= Check Next Rule
Action Not Matched= Check Next Rule
Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel:
Press Space Bar to Toggle.
Figure 11-4 Menu 21.1.1 - TCP/IP Filter Rule
11-8
Filter Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
The following table describes how to configure your TCP/IP filter rule.
Table 11-6 TCP/IP Filter Rule Menu Fields
Field
Description
Option
Active
This field activates/deactivates the filter rule.
Yes/No
IP Protocol
Protocol refers to the upper layer protocol, e.g., TCP is
6, UDP is 17 and ICMP is 1. This value must be
between 0 and 255
0-255
IP Source
Route
If Yes, the rule applies to packet with IP source route
option; else the packet must not have source route
option. The majority of IP packets do not have source
route.
Yes/No
Destination: IP
Addr
Enter the destination IP Address of the packet you wish
to filter. This field is a don’t-care if it is 0.0.0.0.
IP address
Destination: IP
Mask
Enter the IP subnet mask to apply to the Destination: IP
Addr.
Subnet mask
Destination:
Port #
Enter the destination port of the packets that you wish
to filter. The range of this field is 0 to 65535. This field
is a don’t-care if it is 0.
0-65535
Destination:
Port # Comp
Select the comparison to apply to the destination port in
the packet against the value given in Destination: Port
#.
None/Less/G
reater/Equal/
Not Equal]
Source: IP Addr
Enter the source IP Address of the packet you wish to
filter. This field is a don’t-care if it is 0.0.0.0.
Source: IP
Mask
Enter the IP subnet mask to apply to the Source: IP
Addr.
IP Mask
Source: Port #
Enter the source port of the packets that you wish to
filter. The range of this field is 0 to 65535. This field is a
don’t-care if it is 0.
0-65535
Source: Port #
Comp
Select the comparison to apply to the source port in the
packet against the value given in Source: Port #.
Yes/No
Filter Configuration
IP Address
11-9
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Field
Description
Option
TCP Estab
This field is applicable only when IP Protocol field is 6,
TCP. If yes, the rule matches only established TCP
connections; else the rule matches all TCP packets.
Yes/No
More
If yes, a matching packet is passed to the next filter rule
before an action is taken; else the packet is disposed of
according the action fields.
Yes / N/A
If More is Yes, then Action Matched and Action Not
Matched will be N/A.
Log
Select the logging option from the following:
None – No packets will be logged.
Action Matched - Only packets that match the
rule parameters will be logged.
Action Not Matched - Only packets that do not
match the rule parameters will be logged.
Both – All packets will be logged.
Action Matched
Select the action for a matching packet.
None
Action
Matched
Action Not
Matched
Both
Check Next
Rule
Forward
Drop
Action Not
Matched
Select the action for a packet not matching the rule.
Check Next
Rule
Forward
Drop
Once you have completed filling in Menu 21.1.1 - TCP/IP Filter Rule, press [Enter] at the
message [Press Enter to Confirm] to save your configuration, or press [Esc] to cancel. This
data will now be displayed on Menu 21.1 - Filter Rules Summary.
11-10
Filter Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
11.3.2 Generic Filter Rule
This section shows you how to configure a generic filter rule. The purpose of
generic rules is to allow you to filter non-IP/IPX packets. For IP and IPX
packets, it is generally easier to use the IP and IPX rules directly.
For generic rules, the Prestige treats a packet as a byte stream as opposed to an IP
or IPX packet. You specify the portion of the packet to check with the Offset
(from 0) and the Length fields, both in bytes. The Prestige applies the Mask (bitwise ANDing) to the data portion before comparing the result against the Value
to determine a match. The Mask and Value are specified in hexadecimal
numbers. Note that it takes two hexadecimal digits to represent a byte, so if the
length is 4, the value in either field will take 8 digits, e.g., FFFFFFFF.
To configure a generic rule, select Generic Filter Rule in the Filter Type field and
Menu 21.1.2 - Generic Filter Rule
Filter #: 1,1
Filter Type= Generic Filter Rule
Active= No
Offset= 0
Length= 0
Mask= N/A
Value= N/A
More= No
Log= None
Action Matched= Check Next Rule
Action Not Matched= Check Next Rule
Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel:
press Enter to open Menu 21.1.2 - Generic Filter Rule, as shown below.
Figure 11-5 Menu 21.1.2 - Generic Filter Rule
Filter Configuration
11-11
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
The table below describes the fields in the Generic Filter Rule Menu.
Table 11-7 Generic Filter Rule Menu Fields
Field
Description
Default
Offset
Enter the starting byte of the data portion in the packet that you
wish to compare. The range for this field is from 0 to 255.
Default = 0
Length
Enter the byte count of the data portion in the packet that you
wish to compare. The range for this field is 0 to 8.
Default = 0
Mask
Enter the mask (in Hexadecimal) to apply to the data portion
before comparison.
Value
Enter the value (in Hexadecimal) to compare with the data
portion.
Once you have completed filling in Menu 21.1.2 - generic Filter Rule, press [Enter] at the
message [Press Enter to Confirm] to save your configuration, or press [Esc] to cancel. This
data will now be displayed on Menu 21.1 - Filter Rules Summary.
11-12
Filter Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
11.4 Novell IPX Filter Rule
This section shows you how to configure an IPX filter rule. IPX filters allow you
to base the rules on the fields in the IPX headers.
To configure an IPX rules, select IPX Filter Rule from the Filter Type field and
press Enter to open Menu 21.1.3 IPX Filter Rule, as shown in the figure below.
Menu 21.1.3 - IPX Filter Rule
Filter #: 1,1
Filter Type= IPX Filter Rule
Active= No
IPX Packet Type=
Destination: Network #=
Node #=
Socket #=
Socket # Comp= None
Source: Network #=
Node #=
Socket #=
Socket # Comp= None
Operation= N/A
More= No
Log= None
Action Matched= Check Next Rule
Action Not Matched= Check Next Rule
Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel:
Press Space Bar to Toggle.
Figure 11-6 Menu 21.1.3 - IPX Filter Rule
Filter Configuration
11-13
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
The table below describes the IPX Filter Rule.
Table 11-8 IPX Filter Rule Menu Fields
Field
Description
IPX Packet Type
Enter the IPX packet type (1-byte in hexadecimal) you wish to
filter.
The popular types are (in hexadecimal):
01 - RIP
04 - SAP
05 - SPX (Sequenced Packet eXchange)
11 - NCP (Netware Core Protocol)
14 - Novell NetBIOS
Destination/Source
Network #
Enter the destination/source network numbers (4-byte in
hexadecimal) of the packet that you wish to filter.
Destination/Source Node
#
Enter in the destination/source node number (6-byte in
hexadecimal) of the packet you wish to filter.
Destination/Source
Socket #
Enter the destination/source socket number (2-byte in
hexadecimal) of the packets that you wish to filter.
Destination/Source
Socket # Comp
Select the comparison you wish to apply to the
destination/source socket in the packet against that specified
above.
Operation
This field is applicable only if one of the Socket # fields is 0452
or 0453 indicating SAP and RIP packets. There are seven
options for this field that specify the type of the packet.
None.
RIP Request.
RIP Response.
SAP Request.
SAP Response.
SAP Get Nearest Server Request.
SAP Get Nearest Server Response
11-14
Filter Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Once you have completed filling in Menu 21.1.3 - IPX Filter Rule, press [Enter] at the
message [Press Enter to Confirm] to save your configuration, or press [Esc] to cancel. This
data will now be displayed on Menu 21.1 - Filter Rules Summary.
Filter Configuration
11-15
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Chapter 12
SNMP Configuration
12.1 About SNMP
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) is a protocol for network
management and monitoring. Your Prestige supports SNMP agent functionality,
which allows a manager station to manage and monitor the Prestige through the
network. Keep in mind that SNMP is only available if TCP/IP is configured on
your Prestige.
12.2 Configuring SNMP
To configure SNMP, select option SNMP Configuration from the Main Menu
to open Menu 22 - SNMP Configuration, as shown in the figure below. The
“community” for Get, Set and Trap fields is simply SNMP’s terminology for
password.
Menu 22 - SNMP Configuration
SNMP:
Get Community= public
Set Community= public
Trusted Host= 0.0.0.0
Trap:
Community= public
Destination= 0.0.0.0
Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel:
Figure 12-1 Menu 22 - SNMP Configuration
SNMP Configuration
12-1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
The following table describes the SNMP configuration parameters.
Table 12-1 SNMP Configuration Menu Fields
Field
Description
Default
Get
Community
Enter the get community, which is the password for the incoming
Get- and GetNext- requests from the management station.
public
Set
Community
Enter the set community, which is the password for incoming Setrequests from the management station.
public
Trusted Host
If you enter a trusted host, your Prestige will only respond to
SNMP messages from this address. If you leave the field blank
(default), your Prestige will respond to all SNMP messages it
receives, regardless of source.
blank
Trap:
Community
Enter the trap community, which is the password sent with each
trap to the SNMP manager.
public
Trap:
Destination
Enter the IP address of the station to send your SNMP traps to.
blank
Once you have completed filling in Menu 22 - SNMP Configuration, press [Enter] at the
message [Press Enter to Confirm] to save your configuration, or press [Esc] to cancel.
12-2
SNMP Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Chapter 13
System Security
This chapter covers Menu 23, which is for you to change the system password
and to configure an external authentication server.
13.1 Changing the System Password
To change the system password, following steps below:
Step 1.
Select option System Security in the Main Menu to open Menu 23
Menu 23 - System Security
1. Change Password
2. External Server
Enter Menu Selection Number: 1
– System Security as shown below.
Figure 13-1 Menu 23 - System Security
System Security
13-1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Step 2.
From the System Security Menu, select option Change Password to
open Menu 23.1 - System Security - Change Password.
Step 3.
Enter your existing system password and press [Enter].
Menu 23.1 - System Security - Change Password
Old Password= XXXXXXXX
New Password= XXXXXXXX
Retype to confirm= XXXXXXXX
Enter here to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL:
Figure 13-2 Menu 23.1 - System Security - Change Password
Step 4.
Enter your new system password and press [Enter].
Step 5.
Re-type your new system password for confirmation and press [Enter].
As you enter the password, the screen displays an (X) for each character you
type.
13-2
System Security
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
13.2 Using RADIUS Authentication
Your Prestige has a built-in dial-up user list; however, the number of users that
can be stored locally is limited due to memory constraints. If you have more
users than what the Prestige can store locally, use an external RADIUS (Remote
Authentication Dial-In User Service) server that provides authentication service
for unlimited number of users.
13.2.1 Installing a RADIUS Server
To use RADIUS authentication, you need to have a UNIX or Windows NT
machine on your network as the RADIUS server, as well as the RADIUS
software itself.
You can obtain the RADIUS server software, along with documentation, at
http://www.livingston.com/Tech/FTP/pub-le-radius.shtml or
ftp://ftp.livingston.com/pub/le/radius/
Follow the included instructions to install the software on your server.
After you install the server software, you will need to edit the dictionary file
in the RADIUS configuration directory (usually /etc/raddb). Using any text
editor, add the following lines to the dictionary file:
# Zyxel proprietary attributes
ATTRIBUTE Zyxel-Callback-Option
VALUE
Zyxel-Callback-Option
VALUE
Zyxel-Callback-Option
VALUE
Zyxel-Callback-Option
# Callback
ATTRIBUTE
VALUE
VALUE
192 integer
None
0
Optional
1
Mandatory 2
phone number source
Zyxel-Callback-Phone-Source
Zyxel-Callback-Phone-Source
Zyxel-Callback-Phone-Source
System Security
193 integer
Preconfigured
User
0
1
13-3
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
These changes add the support for CLID authentication, as described in the
section below.
13-4
System Security
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
13.2.2 RADIUS Server Configuration
To configure the RADIUS server, select option 23, System Security, from the
Main Menu to open Menu 23 - System Security. Select option 2, External Server
from this menu to open Menu 23.2 - System Security - External Server, shown
below. The radius authentication port has changed from 1645 to 1812. It is
necessary to reboot your Prestige after changing the RADIUS port number before
Menu 23.2 - System Security - External Server
Authentication Server:
Active= No
Type: RADIUS
Server Address= ?
Port #= 1812
Key= ?
Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel:
Press Space Bar to Toggle.
the change takes effect.
Figure 13-3 Menu 23.2 - System Security - External Server
System Security
13-5
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
The fields in the System Security - External Server Menu are listed in the
following table.
Table 13-1 System Security - External Server Menu Fields
Field
Description
Active
Determines whether the external security facility is enabled.
Default
If No, only the built-in dial-up user list will be used.
If Yes, the built-in dial-up user list will be searched first, then the
external authentication server.
Type
Determines the type of the external authentication server. At
present only RADIUS is supported.
Server
Address
The IP address of the RADIUS server.
Port #
The IP port number used by the authentication server. The default
is port 1645.
Key
A “password” used to authenticate your Prestige to the RADIUS
service. Please note that this is between the Prestige and the
server; it has nothing to do with the dial-in users.
[1645]
13.2.3 The Key Field
The “key”, or password, must match that in the client file in the RADIUS
server’s /etc/raddb directory, as shown in the following example:
# Client Name
Key
#------------------------192.168.1.1
1234
After you configure a RADIUS server, your Prestige will use it to authenticate all
users that it can not find in its internal dial-up user list (see Menu 14)
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System Security
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
13.2.4 Adding Users to the RADIUS Database
To add a user to the RADIUS database, edit the users file in the RADIUS
server’s /etc/raddb directory, and add a line similar to the following:
Joeuser
Password = “joepassword”
13.2.5 Using RADIUS Authentication for CLID
To use RADIUS for CLID authentication, create a user record in the users file
where the user name (the first field) is the telephone number, and the password
(the second field) is always Zyxel-CLID (case-sensitive). The regular user name
is put in a User-Name field. The following is an example of a CLID user record:
5551212
Password = “Zyxel-CLID”
User-Name = ”joeuser”
Zyxel-Callback-Option = Mandatory
Zyxel-Callback-Phone-Source = Preconfigured
Dialback-No = “5551212”
Note that if CLID is turned off in your Prestige, you need to have a separate user
record for joeuser so the regular user name/password mechanism still works.
System Security
13-7
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Chapter 14
Telnet Configuration and Capabilities
14.1 About Telnet Configuration
Before the Prestige is properly setup for TCP/IP, the only option for configuring
it is through the console port. Once your Prestige is configured, you can use
telnet to configure it remotely as shown below.
Figure 14-1 Telnet Configuration on a TCP/IP Network
If your Prestige is configured for IPX but not IP routing in Menu 1, telnet is still
available provided you assign the Prestige a correct IP address and subnet mask.
When IP routing is disabled, the Prestige can still function as a host.
Telnet Configuration
14-1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
14.2 Telnet Under SUA
When Single User Account (SUA) is enabled and an inside server is specified,
telnet connections from the outside will be forwarded to the inside server. So to
configure the Prestige via telnet from the outside, you must first telnet to the
inside server, and then telnet from the server to the Prestige using its inside LAN
IP address. If no insider server is specified, telnetting to the SUA’s IP address
will connect to the Prestige directly.
14.3 Telnet Capabilities
14.3.1 Single Administrator
To prevent confusion and discrepancy on the configuration, your Prestige only
allows one administrator to log in at any time. Your Prestige also gives priority to
the console port over telnet. If you have already connected to your Prestige via
telnet, you will be logged out if another user logs in to the Prestige via the
console port.
14.3.2 System Timeout
There is a system timeout of 5 minutes (300 seconds) for either the console port
or telnet. Your Prestige will automatically log you out if you do nothing in this
timeout period, except when it is continuously updating the status in Menu 24.1.
14-2
Telnet Configuration
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Chapter 15
System Maintenance
This chapter covers the diagnostic tools that help you to maintain your Prestige.
These tools include updates on system status, port status, log and trace
capabilities and upgrades for the system software. This chapter describes how to
use these tools in detail.
Select menu 24 in the main menu to open Menu 24 - System Maintenance, as
Menu 24 - System Maintenance
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
System Status
System Information and Console Port Speed
Log and Trace
Diagnostic
Backup Configuration
Restore Configuration
Software Update
Command Interpreter Mode
Call Control
Enter Menu Selection Number:
shown below.
Figure 15-1 Menu 24 - System Maintenance
System Maintenance
15-1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
15.1 System Status
The first selection, System Status, gives you information on the version of your
system firmware and the status and statistics of the ports, as shown in below.
System Status is a tool that can be used to monitor your Prestige. Specifically, it
gives you information on your system software version, ISDN telephone line
status, number of packets sent and number of packets received.
To get to the System Status, select number 24 to go to Menu 24 - System
Maintenance. From this menu, select number 1, System Status. There are
five commands in Menu 24.1 - System Maintenance - Status. Entering 1
disconnects the current B1 channel call; 2 disconnects the current B2 channel
call, 3 resets the counters, 4 drops both B1 and B2 and ESC takes you back to
the previous screen.
The table below describes the fields present in Menu 24.1 - System
Maintenance - Status. It should be noted that these fields are READ-ONLY and
are meant to be used for diagnostic purposes.
Menu 24.1 -- System Maintenance – Status
Chan Link
Type
-Down
0Kbps
-Down
0Kbps
Total Outcall Time:
Ethernet:
Status: Down
TX Pkts: 0
RX Pkts: 0
Collisions: 0
TXPkts RXPkts
0
0
0
0
0:00:00
Errors
0
0
WAN:
Chan
Chan
Port
Port
1
2
1
2
CLU
0%
0%
ALU
0%
0%
Up Time
0:00:00
0:00:00
IP Addr:
IP Addr:
CLID:
CLID:
LAN Packet Which Triggered Last Call:
COMMANDS: 1-Drop B1
15-2
Press Command:
2-Drop B2 3-Reset Counters
4-Drop All
ESC-Exit
System Maintenance
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Figure 15-2 Menu 24.1 - System Maintenance – Status
The following table describes the fields present in Menu 24.1 - System
Maintenance - Status.
Table 15-1 System Maintenance - Status Menu Fields
Field
Description
Chan
Shows statistics for B1 and B2 channels respectively. This is the
information displayed for each channel:
Link
Shows the name of the remote node or the user the channel is
currently connected to or the status of the channel (Idle, Calling or
Answering).
Type
The current connecting speed.
TXPkt
The number of transmitted packets on this channel.
RXPkt
The number of received packets on this channel.
Error
The number of error packets on this channel.
CLU
(Current Line Utilization) percentage of current bandwidth used on this
channel
ALU
(Average Line Utilization) a 5-second moving average of channel
usage for this channel.
Up Time
Time this channel has been connected to the current remote node.
Total Outgoing call
Time
Shows the total outgoing call time for both B1 and B2 channels since
the system has been powered up.
Ethernet
(Ethernet connection).
Status
Shows the current transmission speed and mode of the LAN.
TX Pkt
The number of transmitted packets to the LAN.
RX Pkt
The number of received packets from the LAN.
Collision
Number of collisions.
WAN
System Maintenance
15-3
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Chan 1 IP Addr
Refers to the IP address of the Prestige on Channel 1.
Chan 2 IP Addr
Refers to the IP address of the Prestige on Channel 2.
Chan 1 CLID
Shows the Calling Line Identification of the peer on Chan 1.
LAN Packet Which Triggered Last Call: (Type IP)
45 00 00 3C 02 12 00 00 3B 01 36 49 00 00 00 00 C0 44 87 22 08 00 62 2B 20 04 00
00 00 08 A9 D0 C0 44 87 22 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 0A 0B
Source IP Address
Source MAC Address
LAN Packet Which Triggered Last Call: (Type Raw)
FF FF 00 22 00 11 00 00 00 00 FF FF FF FF FF FF 04 52 00 00 00 00 00 40 95 90 04
B9 40 08 00 03 02 78 01 A5 A5 A5 A5 A5 A5 A5 A5
Chan 2 CLID
LAN Packet Which
Triggered Last Call
Shows the Calling Line Identification of the peer on Chan 2.
Shows the first 48 octets of the LAN packet that triggered the last
outgoing call.
The figure below shows two examples of triggering packets from the LAN: the
first of an ICMP ping packet (Type: IP) and the second a SAP broadcast packet
(Type: Raw). With this information, you can determine the workstation from the
source IP address or the source MAC address of the packet.
Figure 15-3 LAN Packet That Triggered Last Call
15-4
System Maintenance
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
15.1.1 System Information
Menu 24.2.1 – System Maintenance - Information
Name:P128Plus
Routing: IP
RAS S/W Version: V2.20(B.00)B05 | 11/16/98
ISDN F/W Version: V 082
Country Code: 238
LAN
Ethernet Address:00:a0:c5:02:34:56
IP Address: 192.168.1.1
IP Mask: 255.255.255.0
DHCP: Server
Press ESC or RETURN to Exit:
Figure 15-4 System Maintenance - Information
Table 15-2 Fields in System Maintenance
Field
Description
Name
displays the system name of your Prestige. This information can be
modified in Menu 1 - General Setup.
Routing
refers to the routing protocol used.
RAS S/W
Version
refers to the version of the ZyNOS software.
ISDN F/W
Version
refers to the version of the ISDN firmware.
Country Code
refers to the one byte country code value (in decimal notation),
Ethernet
Address
refers to the Ethernet MAC (Media Access Control) of your Prestige.
IP Address
This is the IP address of the Prestige in dotted decimal notation.
IP Mask
This shows the subnet mask of the Prestige.
DHCP
This field shows the DHCP setting (None or Server) of the Prestige.
System Maintenance
15-5
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
15.1.2 Console Port Speed
You can set up different port speeds for the console port through Menu 24.2.2 –
Console Port Speed. Your Prestige supports 9600 (default), 19200, 38400,
57600, and 115200bps for the console port. Use the space bar to select the
Menu 24.2.2 – System Maintenance – Change Console Port Speed
Console Port Speed: 115200
Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel:
Press Space Bar to Toggle.
desired speed in Menu 24.2.2, as shown below.
Figure 15-5 Menu 24.2.2 – System Maintenance – Change Console Port
Speed
15.2 Log and Trace
There are two logging facilities in the Prestige. The first is the error logs and
trace records that are stored locally. The second is the UNIX syslog facility for
message logging.
15.2.1 Viewing Error Log
The first place you should look for clues when something goes wrong is the
error/trace log. Follow the procedure below to view the local error/trace log:
Step 1.
Select option 24 from the Main Menu to open Menu 24 - System
Maintenance.
Step 2.
From Menu 24, select option 3 to open Menu 24.3 - System
Maintenance - Log and Trace.
15-6
System Maintenance
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Step 3.
Select the first option from Menu 24.3 - System Maintenance - Log
and Trace to display the error log in the system.
After the Prestige finishes displaying, you will have the option to clear the error
log.
Examples of typical error and information messages are presented in the figure
60
4
61
4
63
e
Clear Error
PP07 INFO LAN promiscuous mode <0>
PINI ERROR System Ert completed
PINI INFO Session Begin
Log (y/n):
below.
Figure 15-6 Examples of Error and Information Messages
System Maintenance
15-7
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
15.2.2 Syslog And Accounting
The Prestige uses the UNIX syslog facility to log the CDR (Call Detail Record)
and system messages to a syslog server. Syslog and accounting can be configured
Menu 24.3.2 -- System Maintenance - Syslog and Accounting
Syslog:
Active= No
Syslog IP Address= ?
Log Facility= Local 1
Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel:
Press Space Bar to Toggle.
in Menu 24.3.2 - System Maintenance - Syslog and Accounting, as shown below.
Figure 15-7 Menu 24.3.2 - System Maintenance - Syslog and Accounting
You need to configure the following 3 parameters described in the table below to
activate syslog.
Table 15-3 System Maintenance Menu Syslog Parameters
Parameter
Description
Active
Use the space bar to turn on or off syslog.
Syslog IP Address
Enter the IP Address of your syslog server.
Log Facility
Use the space bar to toggle between the 7 different Local
options. The log facility allows you to log the message in different
files in the server. Please refer to your UNIX manual for more
detail.
15-8
System Maintenance
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Your Prestige sends three types of syslog messages: call information messages
(i.e. CDR), error information messages and session information messages. Some
examples of these syslog messages are shown below:
1. Call Information Messages:
line 1 channel 1, call 41, C01, Incoming Call, 40001
line 1 channel 1, call 41, C01, ANSWER Connected, 49K 40001
line 1 channel 1, call 41, C01, Incoming Call, Call
Terminated
2. Error Information Messages:
line 1, channel 1, call 44, E01, CLID call refuse
line 1, channel 1, call 45, E02, IP address mismatch
3. Session Information Messages:
line 1, channel 1, call 41, I01, IPCP up, myPrestige
line 1, channel 1, call 41, I01, IPCP down, myPrestige
System Maintenance
15-9
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
15.3 Diagnostic
The diagnostic facility allows you to test the different aspects of your Prestige to
determine if it is working properly. Menu 24.4 allows you to choose among
Menu 24.4 - System Maintenance - Diagnostic
WAN
1. Hang Up B1 Call
2. Hang Up B2 Call
3. Reset ISDN
4. ISDN Connection Test
5. Manual Call
System
21. Reboot System
22. Command Mode
TCP/IP
11. Internet Setup Test
12. Ping Host
Enter Menu Selection Number:
Manual Call Remote Node= N/A
Host IP Address= N/A
various types of diagnostic tests to evaluate your system, as shown below.
Figure 15-8 Menu 24.4 - System Maintenance - Diagnostic
Follow the procedure below to get to Diagnostic
Step 1.
From the Main Menu, select option 24 to open Menu 24 - System
Maintenance.
Step 2.
From this menu, select option 4. Diagnostic. This will open Menu 24.4
- System Maintenance - Diagnostic.
15-10
System Maintenance
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
The following table describes the diagnostic tests available in Menu 24.4 for your
Prestige and the connections.
Table 15-4 System Maintenance Menu Diagnostic
Field
Description
Hang Up B1
Call
This tool hangs up the B1 channel. This is only applicable if the B1 channel
is currently in use.
Hang Up B2
Call
This tool hangs up the B2 channel. This is only applicable if the B2 channel
is currently in use.
Reset ISDN
This command re-initializes the ISDN link to the telephone company.
ISDN
Connection
Test
You can test to see if your ISDN line is working properly by using this
option. This command triggers the Prestige to perform a loop-back test to
check the functionality of the ISDN line. If the test is not successful, note
the error message that you receive and consult your network administrator.
Manual Call
This provides a way for you to place a call to a remote node manually. This
tests the connectivity to that remote node. When you use this command,
you see traces displayed on the screen showing what is happening during
the call setup and protocol negotiation. Below is an example of a
successful connection.
Internet Setup
Test
This test checks to see if your Internet access configuration has been done
correctly. When this option is chosen, the Prestige places a manual call to
the ISP remote node. If everything is working properly, you will receive an
appropriate response. Otherwise, note the error message and consult your
network administrator.
Ping Host
This diagnostic test pings the host, which determines the functionality of
the TCP/IP protocol on both systems and the links in between.
Reboot
System
This option reboots the Prestige.
Command
Mode
This option allows you to enter the command mode. This mode allows you
to diagnose and test your Prestige using a specified set of commands.
The following figure shows an example of a successful connection after selecting
option Manual Call in Menu 24.4.
System Maintenance
15-11
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Start dialing for node <1>
### Hit any key to continue. ###
Dialing chan<2> phone<last 9-digit>:12345
Call CONNECT speed<64000> chan<2> prot<1>
LCP up
CHAP send response
CHAP login to remote OK!
IPCP negotiation started
IPCP up
Figure 15-9 Trace Display for a Successful Manual Call
This figure shows a trace example where authentication failed.
Start dialing for node <1>
### Hit any key to continue. ###
Dialing chan<2> phone<last 9-digit>:23456
Call CONNECT speed<64000> chan<2> prot<1>
LCP up
CHAP send response
***Login to remote failed. Check name/passwd.
Receive Terminal REQ
IPCP down
Line Down chan<2>
Figure 15-10 Trace Display for a Failed Authentication
15-12
System Maintenance
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
15.4 Backup Configuration
Option 5 from Menu 24 - System Maintenance allows you to backup the current
Prestige configuration to your workstation. Backup is highly recommended once
your Prestige is functioning properly.
You must perform the backup and restore through the console port. Any serial
communications program should work fine; however, you must use XMODEM
protocol to perform the download/upload.
Please note that terms “download” and “upload” are relative to the workstation.
Download means to transfer from another machine to the workstation, while
upload means from your workstation to another machine.
15.5 Restore Configuration
Selecting option 6 from Menu 24 - System Maintenance to restore the
configuration from your workstation to the Prestige. Again, you must use the
console port and XMODEM protocol to restore the configuration.
Keep in mind that the configuration is stored in the flash ROM in the Prestige, so
even if power failure should occur, your configuration is safe.
15.6 Software Update
Software updates are only possible through the RS-232 cable connection. You
cannot use telnet to update the software version of your Prestige. Please note
that this function will delete the old software before installing the new software.
Do not attempt to utilize this menu unless you have the new software version.
There are two different software updates: RAS code and ISDN code.
System Maintenance
15-13
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
RAS and ISDN code update - Type ‘atur’ and wait until the Prestige responds
with an OK to begin uploading the new software (upload procedure varies
depending on the type of software used to access the Prestige). You must use the
XMODEM protocol to perform the upload. After uploading is successful, type
‘atgo’ to start your Prestige.
To update software, system needs to be rebooted.
After system is rebooted, 'Enter Debug Mode' will be displayed.
l
'
'
l
d
S
d
S
d
Figure 15-11 Menu 24.7 - System Maintenance - Upload Firmware
15.6.1 Boot module commands
Prestige boot module commands are shown below. For ATBAx, x denotes the
number preceding the colon to give the baud rate following the colon in the list of
numbers that follows; e.g. ATBA3 will give a baud of 9.6 kbps. ATSE displays
the seed that is used to generate a
password to turn on the debug flag in the firmware. The ATSH command shows
product related information such as boot module version, vendor name, product
model, RAS code revision, ISDN code revision, etc.
======= Debug Command Listing =======
15-14
ATHE
print help
ATGO
boot system
ATUR
upload RAS code
ATUR3
upload RAS configuration file
ATBAx
change baud rate. 1:38.4,2:19.2,3:9.6,4:57.6,5:115.2
ATTD
download configuration to PC
ATSE
display seed for password generation
ATSH
display Revision and etc
System Maintenance
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Figure 15-12 Boot module commands
System Maintenance
15-15
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
15.7 Command Interpreter Mode
This option allows you to enter the command interpreter mode. A list of valid
commands can be found by typing [help] at the command prompt. For more
detailed information, check the ZyXEL Web site or send e-mail to the ZyXEL
Enter Menu Selection Number: 8
P128plus> ?
Valid commands are:
sys
exit
isdn
l2tp
ppp
bridge
P128plus>
device
radius
ipx
ether
ip
Support Group.
Figure 15-13 Command mode
15.8 Call Control
The Prestige provides four call control functions: call control parameters,
blacklist, budget management and call history.
Call control parameters allows you to set a dial out time limit, the number of
times a number should be called before it is added to the blacklist and the interim
between calls.
The budget management function allows you to set a limit on the total outgoing
call time of the Prestige over a period of time. When the total outgoing call time
exceeds the limit, the current call will be dropped and any future outgoing calls
will be blocked.
15-16
System Maintenance
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
The blacklist function prevents the Prestige from re-dialing to an unreachable
phone number. It is a list of phone numbers, up to a maximum of 14, to which the
Prestige will not make an outgoing call. If the Prestige tries to dial to a phone
number and fails a certain number of times (configurable in Menu 24.9.1), then
the phone number is put in the blacklist. You will have to enable the number
manually before the Prestige will dial that number again.
Call history chronicles preceding incoming and outgoing calls.
To enter the call control menu, select option 9. Call Control in Menu 24 to go
to Menu 24.9 - System Maintenance - Call Control, as shown in the table below.
Menu 24.9 - System Maintenance - Call Control
1.
2.
3.
4.
Call Control Parameters
Blacklist
Budget Management
Call History
Enter Menu Selection Number:
Figure 15-14 Menu 24.9 - System Maintenance - Call Control
15.8.1 Call Control Parameters
Menu 24.9.1 - Call Control Parameters
Dialer Timeout:
Digital Call(sec)= 30
Retry Counter= 0
Retry Interval(sec)= N/A
Press ENTER to confirm or ESC to Cancel:
Figure 15-15 Call Control Parameters
System Maintenance
15-17
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Table 15-5 Call Control Parameters Fields
Field
Description
Dialer Timeout:
Digital Call (sec)
The Prestige will timeout if it can not set up an outgoing
digital call within the timeout value. The default is 30.
Retry Counter
How many times a busy or ‘no answer’ telephone
number is retried before it is put on the blacklist. The
default is 0 and the blacklist control is not enabled.
Retry Interval (sec)
Elapsed time after a call fails before another call may be
retried. This applies before a telephone number is
blacklisted.
15.8.2 Blacklist
The phone numbers on the blacklist are numbers that the Prestige had problems
connecting in the past. The only operation allowed is for you to take a number
off the list by entering its index number.
15-18
System Maintenance
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Menu 24.9.2 shows the list of telephone numbers that have been blacklisted.
Menu 24.9.2 - Blacklist
Phone Number
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Remove Selection(1-14):
Figure 15-16 Menu 24.9.2 - Blacklist
System Maintenance
15-19
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
15.8.3 Budget Management
Menu 24.9.3 shows the budget management statistics for outgoing calls.
Menu 24.9.3 - Budget Management
Remote Node
1. isp1
2. -------3. -------4. -------5. -------6. -------7. -------8. -------9. -------10. -------11. -------12. -------13. Dial-in User
Connection Time/Total Budget
No Budget
----------------------No Budget
Elapsed Time/Total Period
No Budget
----------------------No Budget
Reset Node (0 to update screen):
Figure 15-17 Menu 24.9.3 - Budget Management
The total budget is the time limit on the accumulated time for outgoing call to a
remote node or for calling back to the dial-in users collectively. When this limit
is reached, the call will be dropped and further outgoing calls to that remote node
or dial-in user (callback) will be blocked. After each period, the total budget is
reset. The default for the total budget is 0 minutes and the period is 0 hours,
meaning no budget control. You can reset the accumulated connection time in
this menu by entering the index of a remote node or the dial-in users. The budget
and the reset period can be configured in the Menu 11 and 13 for a remote node
and for the dial-in user, respectively.
15.8.4 Call History
15-20
System Maintenance
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
This is the fourth option in Call Control and relays information about past
incoming and outgoing calls.
Menu 24.9.4 - Call History
Phone Number
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Dir
Rate
#call
Max
Min
Total
Enter Entry to Delete(0 to exit):
Figure 15-18 Call History
Table 15-6 Call History Fields
Field
Description
Phone Number
This is the telephone number of past incoming and outgoing calls.
Dir
This shows whether the call was incoming or outgoing.
Rate
This is the transfer rate of the call.
System Maintenance
15-21
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
15-22
#call
This is the number of calls made to or received from that telephone
number.
Max
This is the length of time of the longest telephone call.
Min
This is the length of time of the shortest telephone call.
Total
This is the total length of time of all the telephone calls to/from that
telephone number.
System Maintenance
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Chapter 16
Troubleshooting
This chapter covers the potential problems you may run into and the possible
remedies. After each problem description, some instructions are provided to help
you to diagnose and to solve the problem.
16.1 Problems Starting Up the Prestige
Table 16-1 Troubleshooting the Start-Up of your Prestige
Problem
Corrective Action
None of the LED’s are
on when you power on
the Prestige
Check the connection between the AC adapter and the Prestige.
Cannot access the
Prestige via the console
port.
1.Check to see if the Prestige is connected to your computer’s
serial port.
If the error persists, you may have a hardware problem. In this
case you should contact technical support.
2. Check to see if the communications
program is configured correctly. The
communications software should be
configured as follows:
VT100 terminal
emulation
9600 bps
No parity, 8 Data bits,
1 Stop bit.
Troubleshooting
16-1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
16.2 Problems With the ISDN Line
Table 16-2 Troubleshooting the ISDN Line
Problem
Corrective Action
The ISDN initialization failed.
This problem occurs when you
attempt to save the
parameters entered in menu 2,
but receive the message,
‘Save successful, but Failed to
initialize ISDN; Press ESC to
exit’.
Check the error log (in menu 24.3.1), you should see a log entry
for the ISDN initialization failure in the format, ‘ISDN init failed.
code<n>...’. Note the code number, n.
If the code is 1, the ISDN link is not up. This problem could be
either the ISDN line is not properly connected to the Prestige or
the ISDN line is not activated. Verify that the ISDN line is
connected to the Prestige and to the wall telephone jack.
If the code is 3, this indicates a general failure. Verify the
provisioning information for your switch by contacting your
telephone company.
The ISDN loopback test failed.
16-2
If the ISDN initialization is successful, then the loopback test
should also work. Verify the telephone numbers that have been
entered in menu 2. The loopback test dials the number entered
in the 2nd Phone # field (except for switch types with only one
phone number). If you need to dial a prefix (e.g., ‘9’) to get an
outside line, then you have to enter the telephone number as
‘95551212’ or ‘914085551212’. If it is an internal line, you may
only need to enter the last four or five digits (according to your
internal dialing plan), e.g., 51212.
Troubleshooting
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
16.3 Problems with the Ethernet Connection
Table 16-3 Troubleshooting the Ethernet Connection
Problem
Corrective Action
Can’t ping any station
on the external LAN
Check the Ethernet LED’s on the front panel. The LNK LED
should be on when the Prestige has made a successful
Ethernet connection. If it is off, check the cables between your
Prestige and the station.
Verify that the IP address and the subnet mask are consistent
between the Prestige and the workstations.
16.4 Problems Connecting to a Remote Node or ISP
Table 16-4 Troubleshooting a Connection to a Remote Node or ISP
Problem
Corrective Action
Can’t connect to a
remote node or ISP
Check Menu 24.1 to verify the line status. If it indicates [down],
then refer to the section on the line problems.
In Menu 24.4.5, do a manual call to that remote node. Observe
the messages and take appropriate actions.
16.5 Problems for Remote User to Dial-in
Table 16-5 Troubleshooting for Remote Users to Dial-in
Problem
Corrective Action
A remote user cannot
dial-in
First verify that you have configured the authentication
parameters in Menu 13. These would be CLID Authen and
Recv. Authen.
In Menu 14, verify the user name and password for the remote
dial-in user.
Troubleshooting
16-3
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
If the remote dial-in user is negotiating IP, verify that the IP
address is supplied correctly in Menu 13. Check that either the
remote dial-in user is supplying a valid IP address, or that the
Prestige is assigning a valid address from the IP pool.
If the remote dial-in user is negotiating IPX, verify that the IPX
network number is valid from the IPX pool (if it is being used).
16-4
Troubleshooting
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Setup Information Worksheet
General Setup Information
System Name
Protocol Routing
TCP/IP
IPX
ISDN Setup Information
Switch Type
AT&T 5ESS
AT&T 5ESS
Point to Point
Multipoint
Northern Telecom
Northern Telecom
NI-1
Custom
AT&T 5ESS NI-1
DSS1
B-Channel Usage
Switch/Switch
Switch/Unused
North America ISDN Switches (AT&T, Northern Telecom)
1st Phone Number
1st SPID Number
Analog Call
Phone1
Phone2
DOVBS
2nd Phone Number
2nd SPID Number
Analog Call
Phone1
Phone2
DOVBS
Supplemental Service Activation Keys (defaults for North America)
Conference Call
default: ‘60’
other:
Call Transfer
default: ‘61’
other:
Drop Call
default: ‘62’
other:
Call Forwarding
default: ‘57’
other:
European ISDN (DSS1)
ISDN Data Number
& Subaddress
A/B 1 Number &
Subaddress
A/B 2 Number &
Worksheet
A-1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Subaddress
Outside Line Prefix
PABX # (S/T bus)
Incoming Number
Matching
Analog Call Routing
Global Analog Call
A-2
MSN
CDSA
A/B #1
Accept
A/B #2
Don’t Care
Ignore
Ignore
Ethernet Interface
Ethernet Setup Information
UTP
AUI
IP Address
________.________.________.________
IP Subnet Mask
________.________.________.________
Worksheet
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Acronyms and Abbreviations
BAP/BACP
Bandwidth Allocation Protocol/Bandwidth Allocation Control
protocol
BOD
Bandwidth on Demand
CDR
Call Detail Record
CHAP
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol
CLID
Calling Line IDentification
CSU/DSU
Channel Service Unit/Data Service Unit
DCE
Data Communications Equipment
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DNS
Domain Name System
DTE
Data Terminal Equipment
IANA
Internet Assigned Number Authority
IP
Internet protocol
IPCP
IP Control Protocol
IPX
Internetwork Packet eXchange
ISDN
Integrated Service Digital Network
ISP
Internet Service Provider
LAN
Local Area Network
MAC
Media Access Control
MP
(PPP) Multilink Protocol
NAT
Network Address Translation
PAP
Password Authentication Protocol
POTS
Plain Old Telephone Service
Acronyms and Abbreviations
B-1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
PPP
Point to Point Protocol
PSTN
Public Switched Telephone Network
RADIUS
Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service
RIP
Routing Information Protocol
SAP
(IPX) Service Advertising Protocol
SNAP
Sub-Network Access Protocol
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
SUA
Single User Account
TA
(ISDN) Terminal Adapter
TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol
UDP
User Datagram Protocol
UTP
Unshielded Twisted Pair (cable)
WAN
Wide Area Network
B-2
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Index
10Base2, 2-4
budget, 8-6, 15-17
10Base5. See AUI
call control, 15-14
10Base-T, 2-4
call direction, 4-3
802.2, 6-1
callback, 4-4, 8-6, 8-10, 8-11
802.3, 6-1
CHAP, 4-4
A/B Adapter, xxiii
CLID, 4-3, 8-5, 8-11
AUI, 2-4
community, 12-1
authentication, 4-4, 4-6, 8-5
console port, 2-4
backup, 15-12
contact person, 2-12
BACP, 4-7
Default Dial-In Setup, 8-4
Bandwidth on Demand. See BOD
DHCP, 1-3, 3-3
BAP, 4-7
diagnostic, 15-9
Base Transmission Rate, 4-7
dial-in user, 8-1
blacklist, 15-16
Dial-In Users Setup, 8-8
BOD, 4-7
dial-on-broadcast, 7-4
bridge. See bridging
dial-on-query, 6-9
Bridge Ethernet Setup, 7-1
Direct mode, 10-6
bridge static route, 7-5
DIX, 6-1
bridging, 4-4, 7-1
DNS, 3-3, 3-6
BTR. See Base Transmission Rate
DSS1, xxiii
Index
C-1
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
encapsulation, 4-9
IPX node number, 6-1
Ethernet, 2-17
IPX Spoofing, 6-5
Ethernet II, 6-1
IPX static route, 6-10
filter, 2-18, 4-10, 8-8, 11-1
ISP, 3-14
frame type, 6-1, 6-6
L2TP, 1-1, 10-1
gateway, 5-7, 6-11, 7-6
LAC, 10-3
General Setup, 2-11
LAN, 15-3
generic filter rule, 11-11
LAN-to-LAN, 5-1, 8-3
hop count, 6-11
LNS, 10-3
IANA, 3-2
location, 2-12
idle timeout, 4-5
log, 15-6
Internet access, 1-4, 3-1
login, 4-3
IP address, 3-2, 3-7, 4-5, 5-4, 5-7, 7-6, 8-6
MAC, 7-1
IP Address, xxiii
Main Menu, 2-8
IP network number, 3-2
Max. Transmission Rate, 4-7
IP Pool, 3-3
Media Access Control. See MAC
IP static route, 5-5
metric, 5-4, 5-7
IP Subnet Mask, xxiv
MP, 1-2, 3-10, 4-6
IPX, 4-5, 6-1
Multilink. See MP. See MP
IPX Ethernet Setup, 6-6
mutual authentication, 8-5
IPX filter rule, 11-13
PABX, 2-14, 2-15
IPX LAN-to-LAN, 6-7
PAP, 4-4, 8-5
IPX network number, 6-1, 6-2, 8-7
password, 2-6, 2-9, 4-3, 4-4, 13-1
C-2
Index
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Ping, 15-10
SNMP, 12-1
Point-to-Point Protocol/Multilink Protocol.
socket, 6-11
See PPP/MP
POTS, xxiii
power adapter, 2-4
PPP, 4-5, 4-8
PPP/MP, 1-5
private, 5-4, 5-7
protocols, 2-12
Proxy mode, 10-8
RADIUS, 1-3, 13-3
remote node, 4-1, 8-1
Remote Node, 4-9, 15-3, 15-10
restore, 15-12
RIP, 3-2, 3-7, 5-4, 6-9
route, 4-4
RS-232, 15-12
SAP, 6-9
seed router, 6-6
server, 6-11
Single User Account, 3-10. See SUA
SMT, 2-7
software update, 15-12
SUA, 1-5, 3-11, 5-4
subnet mask, 3-2, 3-7, 5-4, 5-7
switch types, xxiii, 16-2
syslog, 15-7
system name, 2-12
system status, 15-2
Target Utility, 4-7
TCP/IP, xxiii, xxiv, 5-1, 15-10
TCP/IP filter rule, 11-7
Telco Options, 3-10
Telecommuter, 8-2
telnet, 14-1, 15-12
tick count, 6-9, 6-11
trace, 15-6
troubleshooting, 16-1
VT100, 2-5
WAN address, 5-4
watchdog, 6-9
worksheet, xxii, xxiii
SNAP, 6-1
Index
C-3
Prestige 128+ ISDN Router
Index
C-1