Simplicity 1691996 Operator`s manual

How to use this file...(Operators Manuals)
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THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY BLANK
OPERATOR’S
MANUAL
Landlord / 1700 / 2700 Series
16HP Gear Tractors
44” Mower Decks
Mfg. No.
1692438
1692444
1692565
1692567
Mfg. No.
1692026
1692035
1692686
1692687
Description
Landlord, 16HP Gear
1716G, 16HP Gear
Landlord, 16HP Gear
1716G, 16HP Gear
Description
44” Mower Deck
44 Mower Deck
44” Mower Deck
44” Mower Deck
16HP Hydro Tractors
50” Mower Decks
Mfg. No.
1692440
1692446
1692572
1692574
1692631
1692633
1692784
1692790
1692837
1693008
1693010
1693020
Mfg. No.
1691996
1692038
1692038
1692688
1692689
1692689
Description
Landlord, 16HP Hydro
1716H, 16HP Hydro
Landlord, 16HP Hydro
1716H, 16HP Hydro
Landlord, 16HP Hydro
1716H, 16HP Hydro
Landlord, 16HP Hydro
Landlord, 16HP Hydro (Export)
1716H, 16HP Hydro
Landlord, 16HP Hydro
Landlord, 16HP Hydro (Export)
1716H, 16HP Hydro
Description
50” Mower Deck
50” Mower Deck
50” Mower Deck
50” Mower Deck
50” Mower Deck
50” Mower Deck
18HP Hydro Tractors
Mfg. No.
1692442
1692448
1692501
1692576
1692578
1692580
1692788
1692841
1693016
1693024
1693026
Description
Landlord, 18HP Hydro
1718H, 18HP Hydro
2718H, 18HP Hydro
Landlord, 18HP Hydro
1718H, 18HP Hydro
2718H, 18HP Hydro
Landlord, 18HP Hydro
1718H, 18HP Hydro
Landlord, 18HP Hydro
1718H, 18HP Hydro
2718H, 18HP Hydro
1714291-05
Superceedes 1715802
1714300, 1715803,
1714407, 1715804
Rev 1/2003
TP-100-2003-05-LL-SMA
MANUFACTURING, INC.
500 N Spring Street / PO Box 997
Port Washington, WI 53074-0997
www.simplicitymfg.com
© Copyright 2003, Simplicity Manufacturing, Inc.
All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
Table Of Contents
TRACTOR & MOWER IDENTIFICATION .....................2
STORAGE ...................................................................21
Temporary Storage.............................................................21
Long Term Storage.............................................................21
Starting After Storage .........................................................22
SAFETY RULES ............................................................3
SAFETY DECALS .........................................................5
FEATURES & CONTROLS ...........................................6
Tractor Controls ....................................................................6
Tractor & Mower Features ....................................................7
Engine Compartment............................................................8
Safety Interlock System ........................................................8
TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR...............................23
General...............................................................................23
Troubleshooting The Tractor ..............................................23
Troubleshooting The Mower ...............................................24
Checking the Battery ..........................................................24
Charging A Completely
Discharged Battery ..........................................................24
Jump Starting with
Auxiliary (Booster) Battery ...............................................25
OPERATION ..................................................................9
General.................................................................................9
Mower Installation................................................................9
Mower Removal..................................................................10
Operating The Mower .........................................................10
Checks Before Starting.......................................................11
Clutch/Brake Pedal - Hydro Models....................................11
Clutch & Brake Pedals - Gear Models ................................11
Starting The Engine............................................................12
Selecting Ground Speed & Engine Speed .........................12
Stopping the Tractor ...........................................................12
Pushing the Tractor by Hand .............................................14
ADJUSTMENTS ..........................................................27
Seat Adjustment .................................................................27
Brake Adjustment - Gear Models........................................27
Brake Adjustment - Hydro Models ......................................27
PTO (Electric Clutch) Adjustment .......................................27
Steering Gear Adjustment ..................................................28
Steering Wheel Adjustment ................................................28
Mower Adjustments ............................................................28
Leveling the Mower .........................................................28
Blade Brake Adjustment ..................................................29
MOWING PATTERN & TIPS .......................................15
NORMAL CARE ..........................................................17
Schedule.............................................................................17
Raising the Hood ...............................................................17
Checking/Adding Gasoline .................................................17
Checking Tire Pressure ......................................................17
Checking the Fuel Filter......................................................17
Lubrication ..........................................................................18
Lubricating the Tractor.....................................................18
Lubricating the Mower .....................................................19
Battery Maintenance...........................................................19
Checking Battery Fluid.....................................................19
Cleaning the Battery and Cables.....................................19
Servicing the Mower Blades ...............................................19
Checking Transmission Fluid.............................................20
Changing Transmission Fluid & Filter.................................20
BELT REPLACEMENT................................................30
Tractor Drive Belt................................................................30
Mower Deck-To-PTO Belt...................................................31
Mower Arbor Belt ................................................................31
SPECIFICATIONS .......................................................33
PARTS & ACCESSORIES ..........................................35
Common Replacement Parts..............................................35
Maintenance Items .............................................................35
Optional Accessories..........................................................36
Technical Literature ............................................................36
International Symbols .........................................................36
NOTE: In this manual, “left” and “right” are referred to as seen from the operating position.
WARNING
Engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known, in certain quantities, to cause cancer,
birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
© Copyright 1997 Simplicity Manufacturing, Inc.
All Rights Reserved. Printed In USA.
TP 100-2003-04-LL-SMA
1
Tractor & Mower Identification
IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS
Record your model number, manufacturer number and
engine serial number in the space provided for easy reference. The models and manufacturer numbers covered
in this manual are listed on the front cover.
MODEL REFERENCE
Model Number:
The tractor I.D. tag is located on the left-side, front of the
frame, as shown below. The mower deck I.D. tag is also
on the left side, on top of the mower deck.
Manufacturer Number:
Refer to the engine Owner’s Manual for location of
engine serial number.
Engine I.D. Number:
Be sure to fill out and return the Warranty Registration
Card supplied with your tractor.
Dealer Name/Date Purchased:
Tractor
Identification Tag
Mower
Identification Tag
Figure 1. Tractor & Mower Identification Tags
2
Safety Rules
Read these safety rules and follow them closely. Failure to obey these rules could result in loss of control of
rider, severe personal injury or death to you, or bystanders, or damage to property or equipment. This
mowing deck is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. The triangle
in text
signifies important cautions or warnings which must be followed.
GENERAL OPERATION
WARNING - SLOPE OPERATION
Never operate on slopes greater than 30 percent
(16.7°) which is a rise of three feet vertically in 10 feet
horizontally. When operating on slopes that are
greater than 15 percent (8.5°) but less than 30 percent
use front counterweights and rear wheel weights (see
your dealer). Select slow ground speed before driving
onto slope. In addition to front and rear weights, use
extra caution when operating on slopes with rearmounted grass catcher. Mow UP and DOWN the slope,
never across the face, use caution when changing
directions and DO NOT START OR STOP ON SLOPE.
• Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the
manual and on the unit before starting.
• Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with
the instructions, to operate the unit.
• Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire,
etc., which could be picked up and thrown by the
blade(s).
• Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing. Stop unit if anyone enters the area.
Do
• Never carry passengers.
• See your authorized dealer for recommendations of
wheel weights or counterweights to improve stability.
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
Always look down and behind before and while travelling in reverse.
• Mow up and down slopes, not across.
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
• Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do
not point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower
without either the entire grass catcher or the deflector
in place.
• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could
overturn the unit. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
• Slow down before turning.
• Use slow speed. Choose a low gear so that you will
not have to stop or shift while on the slope.
• Never leave a running unit unattended. Always
disengage the PTO, set parking brake, stop engine,
and remove keys before dismounting.
• Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments. These can change the stability of the unit.
• Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual.
Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.
• Turn off the PTO switch to disengage the blades
when not mowing.
Do Not
• Stop engine before removing grass catcher or
unclogging chute.
• Do not start or stop on a slope. If tires lose traction,
disengage the blade(s) and proceed slowly straight
down the slope.
• Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.
• Do not operate the unit while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
• Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then,
turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
• Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing
roadways.
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments. The mower could suddenly turn over if a
wheel is over the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge
caves in.
• Use extra care when loading or unloading the unit
into a trailer or truck.
SLOPE OPERATION
• Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could
cause sliding.
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and
tip-over accidents, which can result in severe injury or
death. All slopes require extra caution. If you cannot
back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not mow it.
• Do not try to stabilize the unit by putting your foot on
the ground.
• Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.
3
Safety Rules
CHILDREN
running. Allow engine to cool before refueling. Do
not smoke.
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to
the presence of children. Children are often attracted to
the unit and the mowing activity. Never assume that children will remain where you last saw them.
c) Never refuel the unit indoors.
• Never run a unit inside a closed area.
• Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade attachment
bolts, tight and keep equipment in good condition.
• Keep children out of the mowing area and under the
watchful care of another responsible adult.
• Be alert and turn unit off if children enter the area.
• Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper
operation regularly.
• Before and when backing, look behind and down for
small children.
• Keep unit free of grass, leaves, or other debris buildup. Clean up oil or fuel spillage.
• Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe unit operation.
• Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an
object. Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
• Never allow children to operate the unit.
• Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
trees, or other objects that may obscure vision.
• Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine
running unless specified otherwise in the engine
manufacturer’s manual.
TRANSPORTING AND STORAGE
• Grass catcher components are subject to wear, damage, and deterioration, which could expose moving
parts or allow objects to be thrown. Frequently check
components and replace with manufacturer’s recommended parts, when necessary.
• Always observe safe refueling and fuel handling practices when refueling the tractor after transportation or
storage.
• Always follow the engine manual instructions for
storage preparations before storing the tractor for
both short and long term periods.
• Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap the
blade(s) or wear gloves, and use extra caution when
servicing them.
• Always follow the engine manual instructions for
proper start-up procedures when returning the unit to
service.
• Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service
as required.
• Use only factory authorized replacement parts when
making repairs.
• Never store the unit or fuel container inside where
there is an open flame or pilot light, such as in a
water heater. Allow unit to cool before storing.
• Always comply with factory specifications on all
settings and adjustments.
SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE
• Only authorized service locations should be utilized
for major service and repair requirements.
• Use extra care in handling gasoline and other fuels.
They are flammable and vapors are explosive.
• Never attempt to make major repairs on this unit
unless you have been properly trained. Improper service procedures can result in hazardous operation,
equipment damage and voiding of manufacturer’s
warranty.
a) Use only an approved container.
b) Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the engine
4
Safety Decals
GENERAL
All WARNING, CAUTION and instructional messages on
your tractor and mower should be carefully read and
obeyed. Personal bodily injury can result when these
instructions are not followed. The information is for your
safety and it is important! The safety decals shown below
are on your tractor and mower.
This unit has been designed and manufactured to provide you with the safety and reliability you would expect
from an industry leader in outdoor power equipment
manufacturing.
Although reading this manual and the safety instructions
it contains will provide you with the necessary basic
knowledge to operate this equipment safely and effectively, we have placed several safety labels on the unit to
remind you of this important information while you are
operating your tractor.
STOP MOWER WHEN
CHILDREN ARE NEAR.
NO RIDERS — THEY FALL OFF.
DANGER
OPERATING ON SLOPES
CAN BE DANGEROUS
SEE OPERATOR'S MANUAL.
IF YOU CANNOT BACK-UP
A HILL —DO NOT DRIVE ON IT.
WARNING
These labels are easily applied and will act as a constant
visual reminder to you, and others who may use the
equipment, to follow the safety instructions necessary for
safe, effective operation.
DANGER
OPERATION
DANGER
ROTATING BLADES CUT
OFF ARMS AND LEGS
If any of these decals are lost or damaged, replace them
at once. See your local dealer for replacements.
To Start Engine:
• Seat must be occupied, ground speed control lever in neutral,
PTO switch off, and clutch/brake pedal depressed.
When Operator Leaves Seat:
• Put ground speed control lever in neutral, turn PTO switch off,
and set parking brake.
ROTATING CUTTING BLADE
Traction Control:
Do not put hands or feet
under mower deck while
blade is rotating.
• To stop tractor motion, fully depress clutch/brake pedal.
• On hydrostatic drive tractors, movement of traction lever
from neutral, in either direction, increases ground speed.
To Operate PTO Clutch:
• The operator must be in the seat.
• To engage PTO, pull PTO switch up.
• To disengage PTO, push PTO switch down.
Choke
PTO Switch
Decal - Danger
Part No. 1704276
Ignition Switch
OFF
RUN
AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
• Read operator's manual(s).
• Know location and function of all controls.
• Keep safety devices (guards, shields, and switches)
in place and working.
• Remove objects that could be thrown by the blade.
• Do not mow when children or others are around.
• Never carry children.
• Look down and behind before and while backing.
• Avoid sudden turns.
• If you cannot back up a hill, do not operate on it.
• Go up and down slopes, not across.
• If machine stops going uphill, stop blade and back
down slowly.
• Be sure blade(s) and engine are stopped before
placing hands or feet near blade(s).
• When leaving machine, shut off engine, remove key,
and set the parking brake.
START
Parking Brake:
To Set Parking Brake
DANGER
• Pull knob OUT while clutch/brake pedal is depressed.
• Release clutch/brake pedal while holding knob.
To Release Parking Brake
• Depress clutch/brake pedal.
• Push knob IN while clutch/brake pedal is depressed.
Clutch/Brake
Pedal
Power
Lift
Switch
DOWN
ROTATING CUTTING BLADE
UP
Do not operate mower
without deflector or entire
grass catcher in place.
DO NOT TOW TRACTOR!
Damage may result to transmission
1716529
1704277
Decal - Danger
Part No. 1704277
Decal - Operating Information
Part No. 1716529
5
1704276
Features & Controls
TRACTOR CONTROLS
*2265
O
N
Figure 2. Tractor Controls (Hydro Model Shown)
REF
A
NAME
Choke
FUNCTION
Pull out to close choke. Aids in starting a cold engine.
B
Engine Speed Control Lever
Controls engine speed. On single cylinder models, push fully forward to close
choke. For warm starts & stopping, move control lever to START/STOP position.
C
Headlight Switch
Push front down to turn headlight on, push back to turn headlight off.
D
Headlight Indicator Light (Blue)
Indicates headlights on when lit.
E
Oil Pressure Indicator Light (Red)
(not on Briggs & Stratton 15 HP)
Indicates low oil pressure (when engine is running). Lights up with ignition key
(L) turned on. Should go out immediately after engine starts.
F
Operator Seated Indicator Light (Green)
Indicates operator present and seat switch engaged. Must be lit for engine to
start. For more details, refer to Safety Interlock System.
G
Neutral Indicator Light (Green)
Indicates transmission lever (J) is in neutral gate. Must be lit for engine to start.
H
PTO Indicator Light (Red)
Indicates PTO switch (I) is on. Must be off for engine to start.
I
PTO (Electric Clutch) Switch
Controls PTO for attachments. Pull up to engage clutch, push down to
disengage. Activates PTO light (H).
J
Ground Speed Control Lever
Controls ground speed and forward/reverse motion. Push forward to go
forward; pull back to go in reverse. On hydro models, ground speed is controlled
by how far lever is in forward or reverse position.
K
Parking Brake Control Knob
Engages parking brake. Depress clutch/brake pedal (N) fully and pull up knob to
engage parking brake. To disengage brake, depress pedal and push knob down.
L
Ignition Switch
Starts and stops the engine.
M
Mower Lift Control Lever - Electric
(Standard on hydro models, optional
on gear models)
Lifts and locks mower into transport position when lever is raised and moved
into top position.
N
Clutch/Brake Pedal (Hydro models)
Brake Pedal (Gear models, clutch
pedal is located on left footrest)
Press down to disengage clutch (hydro models) and apply brake (both models).
On gear models, depress clutch pedal (left side) to disengage clutch).
For parking brake, depress brake pedal fully and lift control knob (K).
O
Dual Position Steering Shaft
(Shown with steering wheel removed)
Steering wheel can be installed in two different positions for operator comfort.
6
Features & Controls
TRACTOR & MOWER FEATURES
*2270
I
Figure 3. Tractor & Mower Features
REF.
NAME
FUNCTION
A
Transmission Release Lever
(Hydro models only)
Disengages transaxle in order to push tractor by hand. See PUSHING TRACTOR BY
HAND in the Operation section.
B
Fuel Tank with Gauge
4 gallon (15.1L) fuel tank with built-in gauge in filler cap (located under the seat).
C
Mower Height Adjuster
Controls height of mower cut. Infinitely adjustable from 1” to 3-5/8” cutting heights.
D
Clutch/Brake Pedal (Hydro)
Depressing pedal disengages drive belt and applies tractor brake. Depressing the pedal
(in forward gears) returns the ground speed control lever (J, figure 1) to neutral. Depress
pedal fully and lift control knob (K, figure 1) to lock parking brake.
D
Brake Pedal (Gear)
Depressing the pedal applies tractor brake. Depress pedal fully and lift control knob
(K, figure 1) to lock parking brake.
E
Clutch Pedal (Gear)
The clutch pedal is located on the left-hand footrest. Depressing the pedal disengages
the drive belt and engages the shift lockout in order to move the ground speed control
lever (J, figure 1). Clutch pedal must be depressed along with the brake pedal to stop the
tractor.
F
Hood Latch
Rubber straps secure hood to frame. Release strap on each side to raise engine hood.
G
Oil Drain
Oil drain extension tube allows for engine oil to be drained from underneath tractor
frame.
H
Seat Lever
Releases seat for forward/back seat position.
I
Dual Position Steering Wheel
Steering wheel can be installed in two separate positions for operator comfort. See
Adjustments section.
7
Features & Controls
ENGINE COMPARTMENT
*2267
*2279
Figure 5. Seat Switch
A. Switch
Figure 4. Engine Compartment
A. Battery
E. Fuel Filter
B. Oil Filter
F. Throttle Cable
C. Air Filter
G. Choke Cable
D Oil Fill/Dipstick
B. Wiring Harness
B. transmission lever out of neutral or
C. PTO switch engaged or
D. clutch/brake pedal not fully depressed.
Test 2 - Engine should crank if:
A. seat is occupied and
SAFETY INTERLOCK SYSTEM
B. transmission lever is in neutral and
Your tractor is equipped with a seat switch safety system
that will automatically shut the engine off when the operator leaves the seat with the transmission control lever in
gear or PTO engaged. Once the engine has stopped,
the electric PTO switch must be turned off after operator
returns to the seat in order to start the engine.
C. PTO switch is disengaged and
D. clutch/brake pedal is fully depressed.
Test 3 - Engine should shut off if:
A. operator rises off seat with transmission lever in
gear or
Check operation of dash safety lights. With operator in
seat and ignition switch turned to ON (engine not running):
B. operator rises off seat with clutch/brake pedal not
depressed (parking brake on) or
A. Neutral Indicator Light (G, figure 2) should go on with
transmission lever in neutral gate and should go out
when lever is moved to either the forward or reverse
gate.
C. operator rises off seat with PTO engaged.
NOTE: If operator returns to seat before engine stops,
the engine will re-start and electric PTO clutch will reengage.
B. PTO Indicator Light (H, figure 2) should go on and off
with operation of PTO switch.
Test 4 - PTO will disengage if:
C. Oil Pressure Indicator Light (E, figure 2) should be on
and should go out immediately after engine starts.
A. operator rises off seat with engine running.
NOTE: If operator returns to seat before engine stops,
the engine will resume speed and electric PTO clutch will
re-engage.
D. Operator Seated Indicator Light (F, figure 2) should
go on when operator is present in the seat and
should go off as operator rises out of the seat.
Check the seat switch (A, figure 5) every fall and spring
with the following four tests:
WARNING
If the tractor does not pass the test, do not operate tractor. See your authorized dealer. Under no
circumstance should you attempt to defeat the
purpose of the safety system.
Test 1 - Engine should NOT crank if:
A. seat is not occupied or
8
Operation
GENERAL
DO NOT TOW TRACTOR
Towing the tractor will cause transmission
damage. Do not use another vehicle to push
or pull tractor.
Before operating this tractor for the first time, the owner
should operate in an open area without mowing, to
become accustomed to the unit. The left side of the
mower can be used to trim close to objects. Be sure to
read all information in the Safety and Operation sections
before attempting to operate this tractor and mower.
WARNING - SLOPE OPERATION
Never operate on slopes greater than 30 percent
(16.7°) which is a rise of three feet vertically in 10 feet
horizontally. When operating on slopes that are
greater than 15 percent (8.5°) but less than 30 percent
use front counterweights and rear wheel weights (see
your dealer). Select slow ground speed before driving
onto slope. In addition to front and rear weights, use
extra caution when operating on slopes with rearmounted grass catcher. Mow UP and DOWN the slope,
never across the face, use caution when changing
directions and DO NOT START OR STOP ON SLOPE.
WARNING
Never allow passengers to ride on the unit.
To reduce fire hazard, keep the engine and
mower free of grass, leaves and excess grease.
The interlock safety switches are for your safety.
Do not attempt to bypass them.
MOWER INSTALLATION
*1963
WARNING
Stop engine and remove key. Do not engage PTO
until mower is completely installed and operator
is seated.
NOTE: Perform mower installation on a hard, level surface such as a concrete floor.
1. Park tractor and turn off PTO switch and engine,
remove the key and apply parking brake. Turn the
wheels fully to the left.
Figure 6. Mower Hitch
A. Tractor Hitch
Brackets
2. Place mower in the lowest cutting position using the
mower height adjuster (B, figure 10). Place the
mower lift lever (M, figure 2 or A, figure 10)) in the
lowest position, also. Slide mower deck under right
side of tractor so that mower hitch is aligned with
front tractor hitch.
B. Spring-Loaded Lever
*2580
B
A
3. See figure 6. Turn wheels straight. Pull back on the
spring-loaded lever (B) while lifting up on the mower
hitch. Install mower hitch onto tractor hitch brackets
(A). When properly installed, the spring-loaded lever
should seat fully underneath the brackets.
C
D
4. Manual Lift. See figure 7. Position the left and right
mower lift cables (A) over the lift pulleys (B) and fasten each cable to the tractor lift arm (C) using the clevis pins (D) and safety clips (E). Install clevis pins
from the left side of tractor lift arms with safety clips
installed on the right side of lift arms.
E
Figure 7. Mower With Manual Lift (Left Side Shown)
A. Mower Lift Cable
D. Clevis Pin
B. Lift Pulley
E. Safety Clip
C. Tractor Lift Arm
9
Operation
Electric Lift. See figure 8. Connect the mower lift
chains (A & E) to the the tractor lift arm (B) using the
clevis pins, washers and safety clips. Install the shorter clevis pin (F, figure 8) on the left side as shown.
*2268
L.H. Side
5. See figure 9. From left side of tractor, pull idler arm
(A) towards you to relieve belt tension. Install belt
onto the PTO pulley (B).
MOWER REMOVAL
R.H. Side
WARNING
Stop engine and remove key. Do not engage PTO
until mower is completely removed and operator
is seated.
Figure 8. Mower With Electric Lift
A. Mower Lift Chain, R.H. E. Mower Lift Chain, L.H.
B. Tractor Lift Arm
F. Clevis Pin, Short
C. Clevis Pin, Long
G. Washer
D. Safety Clip
1. Park tractor on a hard, level surface such as a concrete floor. Turn off PTO switch and engine, remove
the key and apply parking brake. Turn the wheels
fully to the left.
*1961
2. Place mower in the lowest cutting position using the
mower height adjuster (B, figure 10).
3. Place the mower lift lever (A, figure 10 or M, figure
13) in the lowest position.
4. Disconnect the mower lift arms from the tractor lift
arm (figure 7 & 8). Re-install clevis pins, washers and
safety clips on mower lift arms for storage.
5. Remove belt from PTO pulley.
6. Turn wheels straight ahead. Pull back on springloaded idler arm (A, figure 9) and lift mower hitch off
of the tractor brackets.
7. Turn wheels fully left, and slide mower deck out right
side of tractor.
Figure 9. Installing Belt
A. Idler Arm
OPERATING THE MOWER
B. PTO Pulley
1. When traveling to or from the work site, fully raise the
mower using the mower lift lever (A, figure 10 or M,
figure 13). At the work site, lower mower using the lift
lever.
*2270A
2. Use the mower height adjuster (B, figure 10) to set
the proper mowing height. See Mowing Patterns &
Tips section for cutting height recommendations.
Figure 10. Mower Operation - Manual Lift
A. Lift Lever
B. Height Adjuster
10
Operation
CHECKS BEFORE STARTING
1. Make sure you have proper wheel or counterweights
if required. See SLOPE OPERATION in the Safety
Rules section. Make sure any slopes are within
required limits.
2. Check that crankcase is filled to full mark on dipstick.
See the engine Operator’s Manual for instructions
and oil recommendations.
3. Make sure all nuts, bolts, screws and pins are in
place and tight.
4. Make sure you can reach all controls from operator’s
positions. If not, see SEAT ADJUSTMENT.
5. Fill the gasoline tank with fresh gasoline. Fill to bottom of filler neck to avoid spillage and overflow. DO
NOT mix oil with gasoline. Refer to engine manual for
gasoline recommendations.
C
A
B
Figure 11. Clutch/Brake Pedal and Parking Brake
(Brake Pedal Only - Gear Models)
A. Clutch disengages
C. Parking Brake Knob
B. Brake is applied
WARNING
Gasoline is highly flammable and must be handled with care. Never fill the tank when the
engine is still hot from recent operation. Do not
allow open flame, smoking or matches in the
area. Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills.
*2287
CLUTCH/BRAKE PEDAL
- HYDRO MODELS
1. See figure 11. Depressing the pedal to position A disengages the transmission drive and, when in a forward
gear, returns the transmission control lever to neutral.
Fully depressing the pedal to position B applies the
tractor brake.
2. Parking brake is applied at pedal position B when
parking brake control knob (C, figure 11) is pulled up
with pedal fully depressed.
Figure 12. Clutch Pedal - Gear Models
CLUTCH & BRAKE PEDALS
- GEAR MODELS
1. See figure 12. Depressing the clutch pedal from position A to B activates neutral start circuit, disengages
the transmission drive belt and allows the gear lever
to be shifted. Clutch pedal must be used with the
brake pedal to stop the tractor.
2. See figure 11. Depressing the brake pedal from position A to B applies the tractor brake. Parking brake is
applied at position B when parking brake control knob
(C) is pulled up with pedal depressed.
11
Operation
mowing height adjuster (B, figure 11).
STARTING THE ENGINE
2. Set the engine speed control lever (B, figure 13) for
full speed.
Refer to figure 13.
1. Seat yourself on the tractor seat in the operating
position. Set the parking brake using the brake pedal
(N) and parking brake knob (K).
3. Use the PTO switch (I) to engage the PTO.
4. Release the parking brake by depressing brake
pedal (N, figure 13) and pushing knob (K) down.
2. Push down on the switch (I) to disengage the PTO
and place the ground speed control lever (J) in neutral.
5. On hydro models, move the ground speed control
lever (J, figure 13) to the desired direction and speed
of travel to set the tractor in motion.
3. For cold starts, pull choke knob (A) to the choke position. For warm starts, leave choke knob pushed in.
On gear models, depress clutch pedal, use the
ground speed control lever to select the proper gear
for conditions, then slowly release clutch pedal to set
the tractor in motion.
4. Turn the key (L) to start and release when engine has
started.
5. Move the engine speed control lever (B) to the slow
position. Warm up the engine by running it for at least
a minute before engaging the PTO or driving the tractor.
6. Adjust engine speed control lever (B, figure 13) to the
desired speed. Between 3/4 and full speed is recommended for mowing.
STOPPING THE TRACTOR
SELECTING GROUND
& ENGINE SPEED
1. On hydro models, move the ground speed control
lever (J, figure 13) into the NEUTRAL position to
make a gradual stop. To make a more rapid stop,
depress the clutch/brake pedal (N, figure 13).
On hydro models, ground speed is infinitely variable
according to how far the control lever (J, figure 13) is
moved in the forward or reverse position.
NOTE: On hydro models, the ground speed control
lever will return to neutral from a forward gear when
the clutch/brake pedal is depressed.
On gear models, ground speed is selected by depressing the clutch pedal and moving the control lever (J, figure 13) to the appropriate gear selection.
On gear models, press the clutch pedal (N, figure
13) down to disengage the clutch for a gradual stop.
For a more rapid stop, press the brake pedal down to
apply the brake while also depressing clutch pedal to
disengage the PTO. Move the ground speed control
lever to NEUTRAL before releasing the pedals.
Most mowing is done in 3rd or 4th gear with engine
speed between 3/4 and full speed. If the terrain is rough,
hilly or sloping, use first or second gear. If the grass is
wet or over 3” (76mm) high, use full engine speed (with
low gear) so the mower will have enough power to cut
the grass.
2. Engage the parking brake by fully depressing brake
pedal and pulling up on parking brake knob (K, figure
13).
WARNING
3. Use the PTO switch (I, figure 13) to disengage the
PTO.
Make sure desired direction of travel is clear of
objects, people and animals.
4. Set the engine speed control lever (B, figure 13) to
1/2 throttle setting and allow the engine to idle for 20
seconds. Stopping a hot engine too fast may cause
engine damage.
1. If you are ready to mow, lower the mower from the
transport position using mower lift lever (A, figure 11
or M, figure 13) and set the mowing height using the
5. Turn key (L, figure 13) to OFF and remove it.
12
Operation
*2265
O
N
Figure 13. Tractor Controls (Hydro Model Shown)
A. Choke
B. Engine Speed Control Lever
C. Headlight Switch
D. Headlight Indicator Light (Blue)
E. Oil Pressure Indicator Light (Red)
F. Operator Seated Indicator Light (Green)
G. Neutral Indicator Light (Green)
H. PTO Indicator LIght (Red)
I.
J.
K.
L.
M.
N.
PTO Switch
Ground Speed Control Lever
Parking Brake Knob
Ignition Switch
Electric Mower Lift Lever (Hydro only)
Clutch/Brake Pedal (Hydro models)
Brake Pedal (Gear models)
O. Dual Position Steering Shaft
WARNING
WARNING
Before leaving the operator’s position for any
reason, engage the parking brake, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine and remove the key.
To reduce fire hazard, keep the engine, tractor
and mower free of grass, leaves and excess
grease. Do not stop or park tractor over dry
leaves, grass or combustible materials.
13
Operation
PUSHING THE TRACTOR BY HAND
WARNING
Do not tow the tractor. Damage will result to the
transmission/transaxle.
Hydro Models
1. With engine off and key removed, use the PTO
switch (I, figure 13) to disengage the PTO.
2. Place the mower in the transport position (up) using
the mower lift lever (A, figure 10 or M, figure 13).
3. See figure 14A. To push the tractor by hand, the
release lever must be placed in the PUSH position.
Pull release lever handle out and down until lever
locks in fully released position.
4. See figure 14B. To drive the tractor, release lever
must be moved to the DRIVE position by pushing
lever up and in until lever locks in DRIVE position.
Gear Model
1. With engine off and key removed, use the PTO
switch (I, figure 13) to disengage the PTO.
2. Place the mower in the transport position (up) using
the mower lift lever (A, figure 10 or M, figure 13).
3. Place the ground speed control lever (J, figure 13) in
the neutral position.
4. Unlock the parking brake.
Figure 14A. Hydro Transaxle Release Lever Push Position
Figure 14B. Hydro Transaxle Release Lever Drive Position
14
Mowing Patterns & Tips
GENERAL
• For dry conditions where grass blow-out is a problem:
a. Use sharp blades.
For the first use of the mower, choose a smooth level
area. Cut long straight strips overlapping slightly.
The size and type of area to be mowed determines the
best mowing pattern to use. Obstructions such as trees,
fences and buildings must also be considered. Where
possible, make one or two passes in a counterclockwise
direction around the outside of the area to keep the cut
grass off fences and walks. The remainder of the mowing should be done in a clockwise direction so the clippings are dispersed on the cut area.
Keep in mind the following lawn care and mowing tips:
• Too much maintenance is as detrimental to your lawn
as neglect.
• Mow when grass is 3-5 inches tall. Don’t cut shorter
than 2 to 2-1/2 inches. Cut only the top one-third of the
grass blade. Cutting below this level can lead to thatch
problems. Your mower has a cutting height adjustment
that can help you maintain a proper length.
• For extremely tall grass, set the cutting height at
maximum for the first pass, and then reset to the
desired height and mow again.
• Mow often. Short clippings of an inch or less decompose more quickly than longer blades.
• Keep the blades on your mower sharp for finer clippings.
• Let grass grow a bit longer when it is hot to reduce
heat build-up and protect grass from heat damage.
• Use slow-release fertilizer for slow, even growth.
• Don’t cover grass surface with a heavy layer of clippings. Consider using a grass collection system and
starting a compost pile.
• Aerate lawn in spring, consider renting an aerator
which removes cores of soil from the lawn. This
increases the speed of clipping decomposition and
deep root growth by opening up the soil and permitting
greater movement of water, fertilizer and air.
• Don’t over-water. Too much water can encourage
disease development.
• Mow when the grass is dry, preferably in the late
afternoon when the temperatures are cooler.
• Where possible, change patterns occasionally to
eliminate matting, graining or a corrugated appearance.
• For wet grasses, grasses prone to wheel tracking and
for collecting clippings:
a. Use sharp blades.
b. Raise deck so the front is even with, or 1/8” lower
than, rear.
c. Use 3/4 engine speed.
d. Clean deck of built-up material/caked-on grass.
MULCHING MOWER OPERATION
(OPTIONAL KIT ATTACHMENT)
Mulching
Mulching consists of actually cutting and recutting clippings into tiny particles and blowing them into the lawn.
These tiny particles decompose rapidly into by-products
your lawn can use. Under proper conditions, your
mulching mower will virtually eliminate noticeable clippings on the lawn surface.
Keep in mind these mulching tips:
• Use mulching mower or mulcher kit without shredders for grass mulching.
• Install shredders for leaf shredding.
• Use maximum engine speed.
• Raise height of cut if excessive power is used.
• Must use sharp blades. Do not use lift tabs or high lift
blade when mulching.
• Adjust to lower ground speeds in heavy grass or if
windrow is present.
• Clean deck of built-up material/caked-on grass.
• Check for free movement of mower idler pulley.
Mowing Conditions
The best mulching results from mowing when lawn is dry
and grass blades are not over 5” long. Follow these
guidelines for best results:
• Do not use the mower as a mulching mower during
the first two or three mowings in the spring. The long
grass blades, quick growth, and often wetter conditions are more suitable for side-discharge (broadcasting) or grass bagging operation.
• Avoid mulching after rain or heavy dew. It may be
better to mow later in the day or early evening when
lawn is drier.
• Change the mowing pattern each time.
b. Raise deck 1/4” higher in front than in rear.
c. Run at maximum engine speed but slow ground
speed.
d. Clean deck of built-up material/caked-on grass.
e. Check for free movement of mower idler pulley.
15
Mowing Patterns & Tips
The Best Combination
• If mulching baffles are removed, the original deflector
must be in operating position for safe side-discharge
mowing.
We recommend that you experiment with the height of
cut position and tractor ground speed that will give you
the best cut. Start with a higher cutting height and try
increasing lower settings until you find a cutting height
that is matched to your mowing conditions and preferences. Since mulching requires more horsepower than
side-discharging, using a slower ground speed is important for proper mulching operation.
How Much Grass To Cut Off
Removing too much grass height in one cutting may
result in an unsatisfactory cut: windrowing, clumping, or
uneven dispersal of clippings may result. It is best to
mow when the grass is between 3”- 5” tall, although this
will depend on your personal preference for lawn appearance. A good rule to follow is to cut only the top onethird of the grass blade at a time (maximum of 1-1/2”).
Cutting more off the grass blade, particularly in wet
spring conditions, can lead to thatch problems.
Clippings Are Beneficial
A common misconception about clippings is that they
automatically lead to thatch. However, clippings produced by mulching methods actually contribute to a
healthy lawn because they:
• Act as a safe, non-polluting and inexpensive fertilizer
that nourishes your lawn. Fresh cut blades are a rich
source of nitrogen which is essential to lush growth.
And one garbage bag of clippings contains about 1/4
lb. of usable organic nitrogen.
• Reduce the evaporation of water from your lawn.
• Provide a cushioning layer to reduce lawn wear.
• Moderate soil temperature.
• Save money normally spent on trash bags.
Optimal cutting point
This area can contribute
to thatch
Leaf Shredding
(For use with Mulcher Kit Only)
Patented Shredder Blades virtually eliminate raking
leaves. Up to 512 cutting edges pulverize leaves into tiny
particles, which quickly and naturally decompose into
food for your lawn. Shredder Blades must be removed
when you choose to mulch grass clippings.
Engine Speed & Ground Speed
Use full engine throttle matched with a slower ground
speed so that clippings will be finely cut. A better cut
may result from cutting the same area in two passes,
each time cutting only 3/4” of grass blade. Short clippings of 1” or less decompose more quickly than longer
blades.
NOTE: When mulching under heavy cutting conditions, a
rumbling sound may be present and is normal.
The Proper Equipment
Always keep the mower blades sharp and balanced.
Blades should be sharpened at the beginning of every
mowing season. If the tips of grass blades brown after
cutting, this may be a sign of dull blades tearing, rather
than cutting, the grass blades.
Keep the underside of the mower deck and baffles clean
so that clippings are properly circulated, chopped, and
discharged back into the lawn.
Leaf Shredder Kit
Part No. 1686609
(Contains Qty. 8 shredders)
16
Normal Care
SCHEDULE
The following schedule should be followed for normal care of your tractor and mower. You will need to keep a record
of your operating time. Determining operating time is easily accomplished by multiplying the time it takes to do one
job by the number of times you’ve done the job, or you can install the optional hour meter.
Safety Items
Check safety interlock system.
See
Page
8
Before
Before
First Use Each Use
Every
5 Hours
Every 25
Hours
Every 100 Spring
Hours
& Fall
●
●
Check tractor brakes.
27
●
●
Check mower blade stopping time.
29
●
Normal Care Items
Check tractor & mower for loose hardware.
–
●
●
●
Check engine oil level.
*
●
●
●
Check engine & air filter.
*
***●
Change engine oil and filter.**
*
***Every 50 hrs.
Lubricate tractor & mower.
After adjustment or service of electric PTO clutch ●
●
***●
18-19
●
●
Check fluid levels & tire pressure
17
Change transmission fluid. (Hydro only)****
Check fuel filter.
–
18
Clean battery & cables
19
●
Clean/sharpen blades.
20
●
Inspect spark plug(s).
*
●
*
**
***
****
***●
**●
Only if transaxle is serviced or every 400 hours.
●
See the engine manufacturer's owner's manual.
Change original engine oil after first 5 hours of operation.
More often in hot (over 85° F: 30° C) weather or dusty operating conditions.
Fluid and filter should be changed when performing repair work or if fluid has become discolored from
RAISING THE HOOD
CHECKING TIRE PRESSURE
To gain access to the engine compartment, release the
rubber strap (D, figure 3) on each side of the hood and
raise the hood.
Front tire pressure should be 12 to 15 psi (82 to 103 kPa).
Rear tire pressure should be 6 to 8 psi (41 to 55 kPa).
CHECKING FUEL FILTER
CAUTION
Do not run the engine with the hood raised.
Engine heat will cause damage to the headlight
bezel and hood.
WARNING
Do not remove fuel filter when engine is hot, as
spilled gasoline may ignite. DO NOT spread hose
clamps further than necessary. Ensure clamps
grip hoses firmly over filter after installation.
CHECKING/ADDING GASOLINE
Check the gas gauge/cap to be sure there is enough
gasoline to complete the job. To add gasoline, remove
the gas gauge/cap. Do not overfill. Leave room in the
tank for fuel expansion. Refer to your engine manual for
gasoline recommendations. Install and hand tighten the
gas gauge/cap.
The fuel filter is located in fuel line between fuel tank and
carburetor. If filter is dirty or clogged, replace as follows.
Place a container below filter to catch spilled gasoline.
1. Using a pliers, open and slide hose clamps from fuel
filter.
2. Remove hoses from filter.
3. Install new filter in proper flow direction in fuel line.
Secure with hose clamps. See warning at beginning
of procedure.
CAUTION
Never use gasoline containing METHANOL, gasohol containing more than 10% ethanol, gasoline
additives, premium gasoline, or white gas because
engine/fuel system damage could result.
17
Normal Care
LUBRICATION
*2286B
Lubricate the tractor and mower deck as shown in figures 15 - 21. When a grease gun is shown, wipe the fitting clean, apply two or three shots of lithium base automotive grease, and wipe off excess grease. When an oil
can is shown, wipe the area clean, apply a few drops of
oil (SAE 30), then wipe up drips or spills.
Hydro model shown. On gear
model, lubricate the grease fitting
on rear shift arm.
Figure 15. Brake Pedal Pivot Point
Figure 17. Tractor Lubrication Points - Rear Half
*1959
Figure 18. Front Axle Lubrication Points
Lubricate
With Grease
Figure 16. Tractor Lubrication Points - Front Half
Figure 19. PTO Lubrication
18
Normal Care
BATTERY MAINTENANCE
Checking the Battery Fluid
1. Raise the hood.
2. Remove battery filler cap. Fluid must be even with split
ring full mark. If not, add distilled water.
3. Reinstall filler cap.
Cleaning the Battery and Cables
WARNING
Be careful when handling the battery. Avoid
spilling electrolyte. Keep flames and sparks
away from the battery.
WARNING
Figure 20. Mower Lubrication Points
When removing or installing battery cables, disconnect the negative cable FIRST and reconnect
it LAST. If not done in this order, the positive terminal can be shorted to the frame by a tool.
1. Disconnect the cables from the battery, negative
cable first (B, figure 22).
2. Remove the battery clamp, then remove the battery.
3. Scrub the battery, cables and battery compartment
with baking soda and water.
4. Clean the battery terminals and cable clamps with a
wire brush and battery post terminal cleaner.
5. Reinstall battery and clamp.
6. Connect cables, positive cable first.
7. Coat cable clamps and terminals with grease or
petroleum jelly.
Figure 21. Arbor Lubrication Points
SERVICING THE MOWER BLADES
WARNING
For your personal safety, do not handle the
sharp mower blades with bare hands. Careless
or improper handling of blades may result in
serious injury.
1. Remove mower from the tractor.
2. Blades should be sharp and free of nicks and dents.
If not, sharpen blades as described in following steps.
3. To remove blade for sharpening, use wooden block
to hold blade while removing the blade mounting capscrew (figure 23).
4. Use a file to sharpen blade to fine edge. Remove all
nicks and dents in blade edge. If blade is severely
damaged, it should be replaced.
Figure 22. Battery
A. Positive Battery Terminal C. Hold Down Rod
B. Negative Battery Terminal D. Battery Clamp
19
Normal Care
*2542
*169
Figure 24. Balancing The Blade
Figure 23. Removing The Blade
B
C
5. Balance the blade as shown in figure 24. Center the
blade’s hole on a nail lubricated with a drop of oil. A
balanced blade will remain level.
6. Reinstall each blade with the tabs pointing up toward
deck as shown in figure 25. Secure with a capscrew
(D), cup washer (C) and spline washer (B). Use a
wooden block to prevent blade rotation and torque
capscrews to 50-70 ft.lbs. (67-95 N.m.).
D
A
WARNING
TIGHTEN
For your personal safety, blade mounting capscrews must each be installed with a cup washer
and spline washer, then securely tightened.
Torque blade mounting capscrew to 50-70 ft.lbs.
(67-95 N.m.)
Figure 25. Installing The Blade
A. Wooden Block
C. Cup Washer
B. Spline Washer
D. Capscrew
CHECKING TRANSMISSION FLUID
Transmission fluid should be checked with the engine
off. Remove plug (figure 26A). Fluid level should be to
the bottom of the hole. If fluid level is low, add fluid (10W
40 oil) to the fill tube (figure 26B) until proper level is
reached, then reinstall drain plug.
Transmission oil port plug
Figure 26A. Transmission Oil Port Plug
20
Normal Care
CHANGING TRANSMISSION FLUID
& FILTER
Transmission fluid and filter should be changed when
performing repair work or if fluid has become discolored
from overheating or contamination. Perform fluid and filter change every 400 hours of operation if no other service to the transmission has been performed.
Transmission
fluid fill tube
Replace the transmission filter whenever changing transmission fluid. Make sure filter base and surrounding area
is absolutely clean before removing and replacing filter.
To drain transmission fluid:
Figure 26B. Transmission Fluid Fill Tube Located at
Rear of Tractor
1. Remove transmission filter and drain fluid into suitable container. Reinstall new filter.
2. Remove oil port plug (figure 26A).
3. Add 10W 40 oil (76 oz.) to the transmission fluid fill
tube (figure 26B) unitl oil just starts to run out of the
oil port (figure 26A). Reinstall oil port plug.
4. Run the tractor for several minutes until transmission
is warm, then re-check fluid level as described previously under CHECKING TRANSMISSION FLUID.
Storage
WARNING
Never store the tractor, with gasoline in engine or fuel tank, in a heated shelter or in enclosed, poorly
ventilated enclosures. Gasoline fumes may reach an open flame, spark or pilot light (such as a furnace,
water heater, clothes dryer, etc.) and cause an explosion.
Handle gasoline carefully. It is highly flammable and careless use could result in serious fire damage to
your person or property.
Drain fuel into an approved container outdoors away from open flame or sparks.
TEMPORARY STORAGE
(30 Days Or Less)
unauthorized use, remove the spark plug (s) and put
in a safe place. Be sure the spark plug opening is
protected from foreign objects with a suitable cover.
Remember, the fuel tank will still contain some gasoline,
so never store the tractor indoors or in any other area
where fuel vapor could travel to any ignition source. Fuel
vapor is also toxic if inhaled, so never store the tractor in
any structure used for human or animal habitation.
• If the tractor can’t be stored on a reasonable level
surface, chock the wheels.
• Clean all grass and dirt from the mower.
NOTE: If storing your tractor between winter snow
removal jobs in a cold area, we suggest that you fill the
fuel tank at the completion of each job to prevent water
condensation in the fuel tank. Wait for engine to cool
before filling tank.
Here is a checklist of things to do when storing your tractor temporarily or in between uses:
• Keep the tractor in an area away from where children
may come into contact with it. If there’s any chance of
21
Storage
LONG TERM STORAGE
(Longer Than 30 Days)
NOTE: Gasoline, if permitted to stand unused for extended periods (30 days or more), may develop gummy
deposits which can adversely affect the engine carburetor and cause engine malfunction. To avoid this condition, add a gasoline stabilizer to the fuel tank or drain all
fuel from the system before placing unit in storage.
Before you store your tractor for the off-season, read the
Maintenance and Storage instructions in the Safety
Rules section, then perform the following steps:
1. Drain crankcase oil while engine is hot and refill with
a grade of oil that will be required when tractor is
used again.
11. Transport the tractor to a suitable, dry, indoor location. If the tractor is to be stored 6 months or longer,
block the tractor up off the wheels to relieve weight
and also to keep the tires off a damp floor. Protect
tires from prolonged exposure to direct sunlight.
2. Prepare the mower deck for storage as follows:
a. Remove mower deck from the tractor.
b. Clean underside of mower deck.
c. Coat all bare metal surfaces with paint or light coat
of oil to prevent rusting.
STARTING AFTER
LONG TERM STORAGE
3. Clean external surfaces and engine.
Before starting the tractor after it has been stored for a
long period of time, perform the following steps.
4. Prepare engine for storage. See engine owner’s
manual.
1. Remove the blocks from under the tractor.
5. Clean any dirt or grass from cylinder head cooling
fins,engine housing and air cleaner element.
2. Install the battery if it was removed.
6. Cover air cleaner and exhaust outlet tightly with plastic or other waterproof material to keep out moisture,
dirt and insects.
3. Unplug the exhaust outlet and air cleaner.
7. Completely grease and oil tractor as outlined in the
Normal Care section.
5. Check crankcase oil level and add proper oil if
necessary.
8. Clean up tractor and apply paint or rust preventative
to any areas where paint is chipped or damaged.
6. Inflate tires to proper pressure. Check fluid levels.
4. Fill the fuel tank with fresh gasoline. See engine
manual for recommendations.
7. Start the engine and let it run slowly. DO NOT run at
high speed immediately after starting. Be sure to run
engine only outdoors or in well ventilated area.
9. Be sure the battery is filled to the proper level with
water and is fully charged. Battery life will be
increased if it is removed, put in a cool, dry place and
fully charged about once a month. If battery is left in
tractor, disconnect the negative cable.
10. Drain fuel system completely or add a gasoline stabilizer to the fuel system. If you have chosen to use a
fuel stabilizer and have not drained the fuel system,
follow all safety instructions and storage precautions
in this manual to prevent the possibility of fire from
the ignition of gasoline fumes. Remember, gasoline
fumes can travel to distant sources of ignition and
ignite, causing risk of explosion and fire.
22
Troubleshooting & Repair
adjustment (engine speed control). See engine manual.
GENERAL
2. Carburetor adjusted incorrectly. See engine manual.
WARNING
3. Spark plug(s) faulty, fouled, or incorrectly gapped.
Clean and gap or replace. See engine manual.
To avoid serious injury, perform maintenance on
the tractor or mower only when the engine is
stopped and the parking brake engaged. Always
remove the ignition key, disconnect spark plug
wire and fasten away from the plug before beginning the maintenance, to prevent accidental
starting of the engine.
Engine knocks.
1. Low oil level. Check/add oil as required.
2. Using wrong grade oil. See engine manual.
Excessive oil consumption.
1. Engine running too hot. Clean engine fins, blower
screen and air cleaner.
This section of the manual provides troubleshooting and
repair instructions for the more common and easily corrected problems. For other problems, it is recommended
that you contact your dealer.Locate the problem that best
describes the trouble that you have encountered. Check
the possible causes one at a time, in the order that they
are listed.
2. Using wrong weight oil. See engine manual.
3. Too much oil in crankcase. Drain excessive oil.
Engine exhaust is black.
1. Dirty air filter. Clean air filter. See engine manual.
TROUBLESHOOTING THE TRACTOR
2. Check engine speed control adjustment (choke).
Engine will not turnover or start.
See engine manual.
1. Ground speed control lever not in neutral-start position.
Shift into neutral.
Engine runs, but tractor will not drive.
2. PTO (electric clutch) switch in ON position. Place in
OFF position.
1. Ground speed control lever in neutral. Shift in forward
or reverse.
3. Out of fuel. If engine is hot, allow it to cool, then refill the
fuel tank.
2. (Hydro models only) Transmission release lever in
“push” position. Move into drive position.
4. Engine flooded. Push choke knob in (twin cylinder models) or move throttle control out of CHOKE position
(single cylinder models).
3. Belt is broken. See Drive Belt Replacement.
4. Drive belt slips. See problem and cause below.
5. Brake is not fully released. See Brake Adjustment.
5. Circuit breaker tripped. Wait one minute for automatic
reset. Replace if defective (see your dealer).
Tractor drive belt slips.
6. Battery terminals require cleaning. See Normal Care
section.
1. Clutch is out of adjustment. See your dealer.
2. Pulleys or belt greasy or oily. Clean as required.
7. Battery discharged or dead. Recharge or replace.
3. Belt stretched or worn. Replace with correct belt.
8. Wiring loose or broken. Visually check wiring & replace
broken or frayed wires. Tighten loose connections.
4. Idler pulley pivot bracket “frozen” in declutched position. Remove idler pulley, clean and lubricate.
9. Solenoid or starter motor faulty. Repair or replace.
Brake will not hold.
10. Safety interlock switch or module faulty. Replace if
needed (see your dealer.)
1. Brake is incorrectly adjusted. See Brake Adjustment.
11. Spark plug(s) faulty, fouled or incorrectly gapped. Clean
and gap or replace. See engine manual.
2. Internal brake disc on transaxle worn. See your dealer.
12. Water in fuel. Drain fuel & refill with fresh fuel.
Tractor steers hard or handles poorly.
13. Old stale gas. Drain fuel & replace with fresh fuel.
14. Foot pedal not depressed.
1. Steering linkage is loose. Check and tighten any
loose connections. See Steering Gear Adjustment.
Engine starts hard or runs poorly.
2. Improper tire inflation. Check and correct.
1. Fuel mixture too rich. Clean air filter. Check choke
3. Spindle bearings dry. Grease spindles. See
Lubricating the Tractor.
23
Troubleshooting & Repair
Drive belt does not stop when clutch/brake
pedal depressed.
4. Belt installed incorrectly. See Belt Replacement.
Excessive belt breakage.
1. Belt stops or belt tension out of adjustment. See
Tractor Drive Belt in Belt Replacement section.
1. Belt tension too tight. Adjust belt tension.
2. Bent or rough pulleys. Repair or replace.
TROUBLESHOOTING THE MOWER
3. Using incorrect belt. See your dealer.
Mower will not raise.
Mower drive belt slips or fails to drive.
1. Lift arms or lift link not properly attached or damaged.
Attach or repair.
1. Idler pulley spring broken or not properly attached.
See your dealer.
Mower cut is uneven.
2. Belt stops out of adjustment. Check.
1. Mower not leveled properly. See Mower Adjustment.
3. Mower drive belt broken. Replace.
2. Tractor tires not inflated equally or properly. See
Normal Care.
CHECKING THE BATTERY
Mower cut is rough looking.
The voltmeter can be used to determine condition of battery. When engine is off, the voltmeter shows battery
voltage, which should be 12 volts. When engine is running, the voltmeter shows voltage of charging circuit
which normally is 13 to 14 volts.
1. Engine speed too slow. Set for three-fourths to full
speed.
2. Ground speed too fast. Set ground speed control
lever at a slower ground speed.
A dead battery or one too weak to start the engine may
not mean the battery needs to be replaced. It may, as an
example, mean that the alternator is not charging the
battery properly. If there is any doubt about the cause of
the problem, see your dealer. If you need to replace the
battery, follow the steps under Cleaning the Battery &
Cables in the Normal Care Section.
3. Blades dull and require sharpening. See Servicing
the Mower Blades.
4. Mower drive belt slipping. Belt oily or worn. Clean or
replace belt as necessary.
5. Check PTO (Electric Clutch) Adjustment. Clutch may
need to be adjusted.
6. Blades not properly fastened to arbors. See Servicing
the Mower Blades.
CHARGING A COMPLETELY
DISCHARGED BATTERY
Engine stalls easily with mower engaged.
WARNING
1. Engine speed too slow. Set for 3/4 to full throttle.
Do not attempt to charge a frozen battery. Allow
the battery to warm to 60° F (15.5° C) before placing on charge.
2. Ground speed too fast.
3. Carburetor not adjusted properly.
4. Cutting height set too low when mowing tall grass.
Cut tall grass at maximum cutting height during first
pass.
1. Be aware of all the safety precautions you should
observe during the charging operation. If you are
unfamiliar with the use of a battery charger and
hydrometer, have the battery serviced by your dealer.
2. Add water sufficient to cover the plate (fill to the proper level near the end of the charge). If the battery is
extremely cold, allow it to warm before adding water
because the water level will rise as it warms. Also, an
extremely cold battery will not accept a normal
charge until it becomes warm.
5. Discharge chute jamming with cut grass. Cut grass
with discharge pointing toward previously cut area.
Excessive mower vibration.
1. Blade mounting screws are loose. Tighten to 50-70
ft.lbs. (68-76 N.m.).
2. Mower blades, arbors, or pulleys are bent. Check and
replace as necessary.
3. Mower blades are out of balance. Remove, sharpen
and balance blades. See Servicing the Mower
Blades.
3. Always unplug or turn the charger off before attaching or removing the clamp connections.
24
Troubleshooting & Repair
3. Wear safety glasses and shield eyes and face from
batteries at all times. Be sure vent caps are tight.
Place damp cloth over vent caps on both batteries.
WARNING
Keep open flames and sparks away from the battery; the gasses coming from it are highly explosive. Ventilate the battery well during charging.
4. Connect positive (+) cable to positive post of discharged battery (wired to starter or solenoid).
5. Connect the other end of same cable to same post
marked positive (+) on booster battery.
4. Carefully attach the clamps to the battery in proper
polarity (usually red to [+] positive and black to [-]
negative).
6. Connect the second cable negative (-) to other post
of booster battery.
5. While charging, periodically measure the temperature
of the electrolyte. If the temperature exceeds 125° F
(51.6° C), or if violent gassing or spewing of electrolyte occurs, the charging rate must be reduced or
temporarily halted to prevent battery damage.
7. Make final connection on engine block of stalled vehicle away from battery. Do not lean over batteries.
8. Start the engine of the vehicle with the booster battery. Wait a few minutes, then attempt to start the
engine of the vehicle with the discharged battery.
6. Charge the battery until fully charged (i.e. until the
specific gravity of the electrolyte is 1.250 or higher
and the electrolyte temperature is at least 60° F). The
best method of making certain a battery is fully
charged, but not over charged, is to measure the
specific gravity of a cell once per hour. The battery is
fully charged when the cells are gassing freely at low
charging rate and less than 0.003 change in specific
gravity occurs over a three hour period.
9. If the vehicle does not start after cranking for thirty
seconds, STOP PROCEDURE. More than thirty seconds seldom starts the engine unless some mechanical adjustment is made.
10. After starting, allow the engine to return to idle speed.
Remove the cable connection at the engine or frame.
Then remove the other end of the same cable from
the booster battery.
JUMP STARTING WITH AUXILIARY
(BOOSTER) BATTERY
11. Remove the other cable by disconnecting at the discharged battery first and then disconnect the opposite end from the booster battery.
12. Discard the damp cloths that were placed over the
battery vent caps.
WARNING
For your personal safety, use extreme care when
jump starting. Never expose battery to open
flame or electric spark – battery action generates
hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive.
Do not allow battery acid to contact skin, eyes,
fabrics, or painted surfaces. Batteries contain a
sulfuric acid solution which can cause serious
personal injury or property damage.
WARNING
To avoid engine damage, do not disconnect battery while engine is running. Be sure terminal
connections are tight before starting.
WARNING
Jump starting is not recommended. However, if it must
be done, follow these directions. Both booster and discharged batteries should be treated carefully when using
jumper cables. Follow the steps below EXACTLY, being
careful not to cause sparks. Refer to figure 26.
Any procedure other than the preceding could
result in: (1) personal injury caused by electrolyte squirting out the battery vents, (2) personal injury or property damage due to battery
explosion, (3) damage to the charging system of
the booster vehicle or of the immobilized vehicle.
1. Both batteries must be of the same voltage (6, 12,
etc.).
Do not attempt to jump start a vehicle having a
frozen battery because the battery may rupture
or explode. If a frozen battery is suspected,
examine all fill vents on the battery. If ice can be
seen or if the electrolyte fluid cannot be seen, do
not attempt to start with jumper cables as long
as the battery remains frozen.
2. Position the vehicle with the booster battery adjacent
to the vehicle with the discharged battery so that
booster cables can be connected easily to the batteries in both vehicles. Make certain vehicles do not
touch each other.
25
Troubleshooting & Repair
**1582
THIS HOOK-UP FOR NEGATIVE GROUND VEHICLES
To
Starter
Switch
To
Starter
Switch
Jumper Cable
Starting
Vehicle
Battery
Discharged
Vehicle
Battery
Jumper Cable
To Ground
Engine
Block
MAKE CERTAIN VEHICLES DO NOT TOUCH
Figure 26. Battery Jump Starting Diagram
26
Adjustments
*2267
*2283
Figure 28. Brake Adjustment - Gear Models
Lever
Figure 27. Seat Adjustment
WARNING
To avoid serious injury, perform adjustments
only with engine stopped, key removed and tractor on level ground.
2-3/32" to 3-3/64"
SEAT ADJUSTMENT
See figure 27. Use the lever to adjust the seat forward or
rearward for best rider comfort.
Figure 29. Brake Adjustment - Hydro Models
BRAKE ADJUSTMENT - GEAR MODELS
Adjustment nut
1. Fully depress the brake pedal and lock the parking
brake by pulling up on the parking brake rod (K, figure 2).
2. See figure 28. The spring should be compressed to
3-1/4”. Turn the adjustment nut (A) as necessary to
achieve correct spring length.
Slot
BRAKE ADJUSTMENT - HYDRO MODELS
1. Fully depress the clutch/brake pedal and lock the
parking brake by pulling up on the parking brake
knob (K, figure 2).
Figure 30. PTO Clutch Adjustment
2. See figure 29. The brake rod spring should measure
3" (2-3/32” to 3-3/64”) when compressed. Turn the
adjustment nut to achieve correct spring length.
PTO (ELECTRIC CLUTCH) ADJUSTMENT
1. Make sure engine is off and key removed.
2. Use a 0.010 - 0.012 feeler gauge to check the PTO at
three places. See figure 30. Insert the gauge
between the drive spring rivets. There should be a
slight resistance as gauge is moved in and out of slot.
27
*1925
Adjustments
If adjustment is required, proceed to step 3.
*1965
3. Loosen or tighten one of the nuts as required to
obtain the specified clearance. Loosen the nuts to
increase the gap, tighten the nuts to decrease the
gap.
Capscrews
4. After adjusting one nut, check the other two with a
feeler gauge. Adjustment at one location will change
the measurement at the other two locations. Make
sure all three locations have proper adjustment.
5. Perform Blade Brake Adjustment. See procedure on
page 29.
STEERING GEAR ADJUSTMENT
If there is excessive slack in the steering system, the
steering gear back lash can be removed.
Figure 31. Steering Gear Adjustment
1. See figure 31. Loosen the two capscrews and adjust
the bracket so the gear teeth are closely meshed.
2. Tighten nuts after adjustment.
STEERING WHEEL ADJUSTMENT
1. Pull down on the rubber boot to expose the two holes
in the steering shaft (M, figure 2).
2. Use a suitable drift to remove the roll pin at the base
of the steering wheel.
3. Align the hole in the steering wheel with the appropriate steering shaft hole and install the roll pin.
NOTE: Steering wheel is factory installed with the roll pin
in the bottom hole.
MOWER ADJUSTMENT
*1961
WARNING
Figure 32. Leveling The Mower Side-to-Side
A. Outside Nut
B. Eccentric Nut
Before checking mower, shut off PTO and
engine. Allow all moving parts to stop. Remove
ignition key, then disconnect the spark plug wire
and fasten it away from the spark plug.
*2268
Leveling The Mower
If the cut is uneven, the mower may need leveling.
Unequal or improper tire pressure may also cause an
uneven cut. Make sure tire pressure is correct as specified in Checking Tire Pressure.
1. With the mower installed, place the tractor on a
smooth, level surface such as a concrete floor. Turn
the front wheels straight forward.
2. Check for bent blades and replace if necessary.
Figure 33. Leveling The Mower Front-To-Back
A. Front Nut
C. Mower Bracket
B. Rear Nut
D. Adjustment Rod
3. Place the mower in mid-cut position. Arrange the
outside mower blades so that they are pointing from
side-to-side.
28
Adjustments
4. Measure the distance between the outside tips of
each blade and the ground. If there is more than 1/8”
(3mm) difference between the measurements on
each side, proceed to step 5. If the difference is 1/8”
(3mm) or less, proceed to step 6.
8. See figure 33. To raise front of mower deck, loosen
front nut (A) and turn rear nut (B) against bracket (C).
9. To lower front of mower deck, loosen rear nut (B) and
bracket (C) will move backwards to lengthen rod.
10. Re-check measurement before tightening front nut
(A) against bracket.
5. See figure 32. Loosen the outside nut (A). Turn the
eccentric nut (B) to raise or lower left-hand side of
mower. When mower is level, hold the eccentric nut
while tightening the outside nut.
Blade Brake Adjustment
Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a
complete stop within five seconds after electric PTO
switch is turned off.
NOTE: When using a turbo collection system, raise the
discharge side of the mower approximately 1/4” to compensate for turbo assembly weight. Check the level of
the cut grass and adjust the 1/4” measurement as necessary for a smooth, even cut.
1. With tractor in neutral, PTO disengaged and operator
in seat, start the tractor engine.
2. Look over the left-hand footrest at the mower drive
belt. Engage the PTO and wait several seconds.
Disengage the PTO and check the amount of time it
takes for the mower drive belt to stop.
6. Arrange the blades so they face front-to-back.
7. Measure the distance from the ground to the front tip
of the center blade, and from the ground to rear tips
of left-hand and right-hand blades.
Front tip of of the center blade should be 1/4" higher
than rear tips of left-hand and right-hand blades. If
not, proceed with steps 8 - 10.
3. If mower drive belt does not stop within five seconds,
perform the steps described under PTO (Electric
Clutch) Adjustment. Repeat steps 1 and 2. If belt still
does not stop within 5 seconds, see your dealer.
29
Belt Replacement
*2286C
CAUTION
B
To avoid damaging belts, do not pry belts over
pulleys.
A
TRACTOR DRIVE BELT
1. Park the tractor on a smooth, level surface such as a
concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, turn off the
engine and lock the parking brake. Remove the key.
C
On gear models, depress (or clamp) the clutch pedal
fully forward to relieve belt tension.
D
On hydro models, lock the parking brake to relieve
belt tension.
Figure 34. Drive Belt Idler Pulley
A. Capcrews
C. Idler Pulley
B. V-Pulley
D. Fixed Idler Pulley
2. Remove the mower as described under Mower
Removal in the Operation section.
3. See figure 34. Loosen capscrews (A). Slip belt from
between front V-pulley (B) and belt stop and from
between rear idler pulley (C) and belt stop.
4. See figure 35. To remove belt from engine pulley, the
PTO (electric clutch) must be removed and the belt
slid over the top of the pulley. Disconnect the PTO
wire. Remove the capscrew (A) along with the hex
washer and lockwasher securing the PTO to the
engine crankshaft. Slide belt over the top of the
engine pulley.
D
5. See figure 35. Install new belt over engine pulley
before re-installing the electric clutch. Install hex
washer, lockwasher and capscrew (A). Lubricate
weld tab on underside of tractor (D). Make sure tab is
aligned with hole in top of electric clutch, then tighten
capscrew to 45-50 ft. lbs. (61-68 N.m.).
E
*1970
Figure 35. Drive Belt PTO Pulley
A. Capscrew, PTO
D. Weld Tab Location
B. Drag Link
E. Capscrew
C. Steering Arm
NOTE: Check capscrew torque after 1 hour of operation.
6. See figure 35. On left-hand side of tractor, remove
nut from capscrew (E) securing drag link (B) to steering arm (C). Drop old belt below drag link. Route new
belt above drag link before re-installing nut on drag
link, then tighten nut.
*2543A
7. See figure 36. Slip belt from transaxle pulley and
fixed idler pulley (hydro models). Remove belt.
Engine Pulley
V-Sided
Idler Pulley
NOTE: On hydro models, spin the transaxle cooling fan
counterclockwise and slip belt through the blade.
Belt Stop
Flat-Sided
Idler Pulley
8. Install new belt to the transaxle pulley and fixed ilder
pulley (hydro models).
PTO (Electric
Clutch) Pulley
9. Install new belt to idler pulleys as shown in figure 36.
10. Install new belt to the idler pulleys as shown in figure
36. Make sure belt is properly routed on flat and V
sides. Tighten capscrews (A, figure 32) securing pulleys. Adjust belt stops for 1/8” clearance from pulleys.
Fixed Idler Pulley
(Hydro Model Only)
12. See figure 36. Check belt routing around engine pulley, idler pulleys, and transaxle pulley. Check that the
electric clutch, drag link and idler pulley spring are all
correctly installed.
Transaxle Pulley
Figure 36. Tractor Drive Belt Routing
30
Belt Replacement
13. Start tractor engine and check operation of belt by
placing ground speed lever in gear and engaging/disengaging the clutch/brake pedal.
*1975
MOWER DECK-TO-PTO BELT
NOTE: It is not necessary to remove the mower to install
a new belt. However, for easier access mower can be
removed. See Mower Removal in the Operation section.
1. Park the tractor on a smooth, level surface such as a
concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, turn off the
engine and lock the parking brake. Remove the key.
2. If mower is not removed, place the mower in the lowest cutting position.
Left Side of Mower
3. Push the idler arm (A, figure 37) away from you to
relieve belt tension. Drop belt from the PTO (electric
clutch) pulley.
Figure 37. Mower Belt Routing - 44” Mower Deck
A. Idler Pulley Arm
C. Bracket Belt Stop
B. PTO Pulley
4. Loosen nut and lockwasher securing bracket belt
stop (C, figure 38) on idler pulley. Remove three capscrews securing left-hand arbor cover (D, figure 38).
*1978
5. Remove old belt and replace with new belt. Make
sure V-side of belt runs in arbor pulley grooves.
6. Position the bracket belt stop (C, figure 37) up
against arm (A) so that there is a 1/8” gap between
pulley and belt stop.
8. Install mower on tractor if it was removed. See
Operation section, Mower Installation. Install belt to
PTO pulley.
9. Run the mower under no-load condition for about 5
minutes. Check blade brake adjustment after 1 hour
of operation.
MOWER ARBOR BELT
1. Park the tractor on a smooth, level surface such as a
concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, turn off the
engine and lock the parking brake. Remove the key.
2. Remove the mower from the tractor. See Mower
Removal in the Operation section.
Figure 38. Mower Deck
A. Upstop
B. Right-hand Arbor Cover
C. Spring
D. Left-hand Arbor Cover
E. Capscrew
3. See figure 387. Remove the two capscrews securing
upstop (A) and remove the upstop.
4. Remove four additional capscrews securing righthand arbor cover (B). Remove three capscrews
securing left-hand arbor cover (D).
5. Using a vise-grip or pliers, remove idler pulley spring
(C) from slot in deck.
7. Install new belt as shown in figure 39. Make sure that
V-side of belt runs in arbor pulley grooves and flat
side of belt runs against idler pulley.
6. Loosen capscrew (E) securing idler pulley to bracket.
Belt can be slipped between pulley and idler bracket
hub.
8. Install spring (C, figure 38) to slot in mower deck.
Tighten capscrew securing idler pulley.
31
Belt Replacement
9. Install left and right arbor covers and upstop using
original hardware.
*1977
V-Sided Pulley
10. Install mower to tractor.
Flat-Sided Pulley
V-Sided Pulley
V-Sided Pulley
Figure 39. Mower Arbor Belt Routing
A. Arbor Drive Pulley (V-sided)
B. Idler Pulley (Flat-sided)
32
Specifications
NOTE: Specifications are correct at time of printing and are subject to change without notice.
ENGINE
TRANSMISSION
16 HP Briggs & Stratton
Gear Models
Make
Model
Horsepower
Cylinders
Bore
Stroke
Displacement
Construction
Type
Material
Electrical
System
Ignition
Air Cleaner
Lubrication
Oil Capacity
Fuel Tank
Muffler
Briggs & Stratton
Vanguard V-Twin
16 HP @ 3600 rpm
2
2.68 In. (68 mm)
2.60 In. (66 mm)
29.3 Cu. In. (480 cc)
Overhead Valve, Cast Iron Sleeves,
Aluminum Crankcase
12 Volt, 16 Amp Alternator Regulated Battery:
340 Cold Cranking Amps, 41 min. Reserve
Capacity, Industrial Rated Starter Motor
Magnetron Electronic Ignition
Ducted Paper Cartridge and Foam
Precleaner large 325 sq. in. Air Filtering System
Full Pressure Lube w/ Oil Filter
3.5 Pints w/Filter (1.6 L)
Material: Non-Corrosive Polyethylene
Fuel Tank Gauge Built Into Filler Cap
Capacity: 4 Gallons (15.1 L)
Quiet Compact, Low Back Pressure
Lubrication
Speeds
Speeds
@ 3400 RPM
Differential
Electrical
System
Ignition
Air Cleaner
Lubrication
Oil Capacity
Fuel Tank
Muffler
Bevel Gear Type
Hydro Models
Type
Pump
Motor
Hydraulic Fluid
- Tuff Torq K215A
- Hydro Gear
3010L
Control
18 HP Briggs & Stratton
Make
Model
Horsepower
Cylinders
Bore
Stroke
Displacement
Construction
Spur Gear
Gear: Heat Treated
Shaft: Hardened and Ground
Bearings: Needle Roller, Sealed Ball
and Bushings
7.7 Pints (3.7 L) SAE 10W-30 Premium Grade
Engine Oil
Six Forward, One Reverse
lst:
0.6 MPH (1.0 km/h)
2nd:
1.1 MPH (1.8 km/h)
3rd:
1.8 MPH (2.9 km/h)
4th:
2.7 MPH (4.3 km/h)
5th:
3.3 MPH (5.3 km/h)
6th:
5.5 MPH (8.8 km/h)
Reverse: 2.2 MPH (3.5 km/h)
Briggs & Stratton
Vanguard V-Twin
18 HP @ 3600 rpm
2
3.03 In. (77 mm)
2.64 In. (67 mm)
38 Cu. In. (624 cc)
Cast Iron Sleeves,
Aluminum Crankcase
12 Volt, 15 Amp Alternator Regulated Battery:
340 Cold Cranking Amps, 41 min. Reserve
Capacity, Industrial Rated Starter Motor
Magnetron Electronic Ignition
Replaceable Paper with Oiled Foam
Precleaner
Full Pressure Lube with Oil Filter
2 Quarts (1.9 L)
Material: Non-Corrosive Polyethylene
Fuel Tank Gauge Built Into Filler Cap
Capacity: 3 Gallons (11.1 L)
Quiet Compact, Low Back Pressure
Hydrostatic
Variable Displacement Piston
Fixed Displacement Piston
5.6 Pints SAE 10W-30 Premium Grade Engine Oil
76 oz. SAE 10W-40 Premium Grade Engine Oil
Single Lever w/Neutral Detent, Release
Lever for Manual Tractor Movement,
Continuously Variable, Forward & Reverse,
without Braking
Speeds
@3400 RPM
- Tuff Torq K215A Forward: 0-6 MPH (0-9.7 km/h)
Reverse: 0-2.6 MPH (0-3.9 km/h)
- Hydro Gear
Forward: 0-6.6 MPH (0-10.1 km/h)
Reverse: 0-3.1 MPH (0-5 km/h)
Differential
- Tuff Torq K215A Bevel Gear Type
- Hydro Gear
Heavy Duty Spur Gear
3010L
CONTROLS
Steering
Hydro Clutch/
Brake Pedal
33
Full Circle Steering Wheel
System Gear and Sector
Location Right Front
Combination Clutch/Brake/Parking Brake
Pedal Standard Equipment
Specifications
Gear Brake
Pedal
Gear Clutch
Pedal
Location Right Front
DIMENSIONS
Location Left Front
Tractor
Location
-Electric Mower Lift Lever: switch on dash
-Manual Mower Lift Lever: tractor right side
-PTO Clutch Electric, Dash Mounted
-Ground Speed Lever Dash Mounted
-Ignition Key Switch on dash panel
-Throttle Lever and Choke Lever on dash panel
-Light Switch on dash panel
-Separate Indicator Lights for Safety
-Interlock Switch Operator Present,
-Transmission Neutral, PTO Disengaged,
-Clutch/Brake Pedal Depressed
-Low Oil Pressure Warning Light
Overall Length
Overall Width
Height
72 In. (183 cm)
39 In. (99.1 cm)
To Top of Steering Wheel 42.5 In. (108 cm)
To Top of Engine Cover 36 In. (91.4 cm)
Wheel Base
51.5 In. (131 cm)
Weight (approx.) Net: 670 Ibs. (304.5 kg)
without mower
Shipping: 815 Ibs. (370 kg)
Mower - 44”
CHASSIS
Frame
Rear Wheels
Front Wheels
Front Axle
Accessibility
Seat
Turning Radius
Heavy Gauge Steel Channel
Power Take-Off Point Front
Engine Mounting Above Front Axle
Pivot Point Location Front Axle
Tire Size 23 x 10.5-12 Turf Type
Pneumatic Inflation Pressure 6-8 psi (41-55 kPa)
Tire Size 16 x 6.50-8
Pneumatic Inflation Pressure 12-15 psi
(82-103 kPa)
1-3/4” x 3” 12 Ga. Fabricated Rectangular Tube
Hood Tips Forward
Type Bucket, High Back, Adjustable w/
Spring Suspension
Adjustable to Suit Different Size Operators
Effective Cutting
Width
44 In. (111.8 cm)
Overall Width
with Deflector
Weight
Variable Cutting Ht.
Blade Arrangement
Mower Drive
Spindle Bearings
56 In. (142.2 cm)
115 Ibs. (52 kg)
1- 3.6 In. (2.5 to 91 cm)
Three Staggered Blades
V-Belt From Tractor PTO Pulley
Lubricated and Sealed Ball Bearings
Mower - 50”
Inside Rear Tire 24 In. (61 cm)
34
Effective Cutting
Width
50 In. (127 cm)
Overall Width
with Deflector
Weight
Variable Cutting Ht.
Blade Arrangement
Mower Drive
Spindle Bearings
62 In. (157.5 cm)
135 Ibs. (61.4 kg)
1- 3.6 In. (2.5 to 91 cm)
Three Staggered Blades
V-Belt From Tractor PTO Pulley
Lubricated and Sealed Ball Bearings
Parts & Accessories
COMMON REPLACEMENT PARTS
MAINTENANCE ITEMS
Listed below are the more common replacement parts. Only
genuine factory replacement parts will assure optimum performance and safety. Do not attempt repairs or maintenance unless
proper procedures and safety precautions are followed. For
assistance in any area, see your dealer.
DESCRIPTION
QTY. DESCRIPTION
3
3
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
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• Simplicity Engine Oils
Case of 12 qts. (Your dealer has 1 qt. cans)
-SAE 5W-30 SF/CD (Cold Weather 30° & under) 1685576
-SAE 30 3G/CC (Warm weather 32° & up)
1685659
• Touch-Up Paint
Deep Orange Spray Paint, 13 oz. Can
1685611
Deep Orange Paint, 1 qt.
1685612
Black Spray Paint, 13 oz. Can
1685639
Red Spray Paint, 13 oz. Can
1685722
Metallic Gray, 13 oz. Can (Wheels)
1685718
• Touch-Up Daubers
Deep Orange 1/2 oz. w/Brush Cap
1685615
• Grease Gun Kit w/8 oz. Grease Tube
1685510
Replacement 8 oz. Grease Tube for above
103077
• Tire Sealant-Stops Tire Leaks. Prevents Flats.
11 oz. Tube
1685523
• Gas Can-No Tip Design. Durable Polyethylene.
1 gallon
1685587
2-1/2 gallon
1685555
5-1/4 gallon
1685556
• Cleaner, Polish, Sealant & Protectant
8 oz. Bottle
1685696
• Degrimer/Degreaser
32 oz. Bottle w/Trigger Spray
1685619
1 gallon
1685621
PART NO.
Mower Blades
- 44" Standard Lift
- 44" High Lift (Optional)
- 50" Standard Lift
- 50" High Lift (Optional)
Mower Belts
- 44" Mower Drive
- 44" Arbor Drive
- 50" Mower Drive
- 50" Arbor Drive
Tractor Drive Belt
- Gear (Tuff Torq Model K210A)
- Gear (Peerless)
- Hydro (Tuff Torq Model K215A)
- Hydro (Hydro Gear Model 216-3010L)
Safety Clip - Mower Lift
Key, Ignition
Interlock Switch, Neutral
Interlock Switch, Seat
Battery
Solenoid
Switch, PTO (Electric Clutch)
Headlamp Bulb
Oil Filter (Hydro Pump)
PART NO.
1704100
1704856
1708229
1706094
1601672
1607813
1707740
1703836
1707381
1714814
170164
1707381
176012
1714054
1701521
1704379
1685215
1685290
1713487
1677371
1707873
USE ONLY GENUINE
FACTORY REPLACEMENT PARTS
Available Through Your Local
Authorized Dealer
35
Parts & Accessories
OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
See your dealer to purchase these items.
Turbo Clean Sweep Twin Catcher
Clean Sweep Twin Catcher
Turbo Quad Bagger™
Front Counterweights
Dump Cart
40” & 42" Snowthrower
Rear Wheel WeightsWeight/Tote
Box
42" Dozer Blade
Hubcaps
36” Tiller
Tire Chains
Snow Cab
Grass Mulcher & Leaf Shredder Kit
TECHNICAL MANUAL AVAILABILITY
Manuals are fully illustrated. All of the assemblies are shown in exploded views which show the relationship of the
parts and how they go together. Important assembly notes and special torque values are included in the illustrations.
Standard hardware and torque specification charts are also included.
For the manuals applicable for your model, contact the Customer Publications Department at 414-284-8519. Have
the following information available when phoning in your request.
Model:
Mfg. No.:
Your Name:
Address:
City, State, Zip:
Visa/Mastercard No.:
®
Card Expiration Date:
INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS
Fast
Lights
Oil Pressure
Slow
Operator Present
Switch (Seat)
Forward
PTO Engaged
Reverse
36
Parking Brake
Choke
Engine Running