Baby Lock Enlighten BLE3ATW-2 Instruction manual

"IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS"
When using overlock machine, basic safety precautions should always be followed,
including the following.
"Read all instructions before using this overlock machine."
DANGER-
To reduce the risk of electric shock.
1. The overlock machine should never be left unattended when plugged in. Always unplug this overlock machine from
the electrical outlet immediately after using and before cleaning.
WARNING-
To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons.
1. Do not allow to be used as a toy. Close attention is necessary when the sewing machine is used by or near children.
2. Use this overlock machine only for its intended use as described in this manual. Use only attachments recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual.
3. Never operate this overlock machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has been dropped
or damaged, or dropped into water. Return the overlock machine to the nearest authorized retailer or service center
for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment.
4. Never operate the overlock machine with any air openings blocked. Keep ventilation openings of the overlock
machine and foot controller free from the accumulation of lint, dust, and loose cloth.
5. Never drop or insert any object into any opening.
6. Do not use outdoors.
7. Do not operate where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being administered.
8. To disconnect, turn the main switch to the symbol "O" position which represents off, then remove plug from outlet.
9. Do not unplug by pulling on cord. To unplug, grasp the plug, not the cord.
10. Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the overlock machine needle.
11. Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong needle plate can cause the needle to break.
12. Do not use bent needles.
13. Do not pull or push fabric while stitching. It may deflect the needle(s) causing it to break.
14. Switch the overlock machine to the symbol "O" position when making any adjustments in the needle area, such as
threading needle, changing needle, threading looper, or changing presser foot, and the like.
15. Always unplug the overlock machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or when making
any of the user servicing adjustments mentioned in the instruction manual.
16. Keep fingers away from moving parts, especially the area near the blades.
17. Please note that on disposal, this product must be safely recycled in accordance
with relevant National legislation relating to electrical / electronic products. If in
doubt, please contact your retailer for guidance.
18. The appliance is not intended for use by young children or infirm persons without supervision.
19. Young children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with the appliance.
"SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS"
"This overlock machine is intended for household use."
Welcome to the Baby Lock Enlighten
The Baby Lock Enlighten has an exclusive "Thread Delivery System" that eliminates confusing tension
adjustments. The Enlighten enables you to accomplish a perfect stitch with any type of thread on any type
of fabric. You no longer need to guess at the correct tension adjustments.
The Enlighten is equipped with an exclusive Push to Thread "Electronic Extraordin Air Threading System".
It is no longer necessary to select the threading position. All looper threads may be threaded at the same
time or individually.
Your Baby Lock Enlighten is a high-quality, dependable machine. It gives you the ability to seam, overcast
and trim all in one operation. Fabrics and threads you previously avoided are now a joy to sew because
the Baby Lock Enlighten handles all varieties with equal ease. With the Baby Lock Enlighten your creative
options are endless and your time spent serging is more fulfilling and rewarding. With the "Extraordin Air
Threading System", even threading the Enlighten is a breeze.
With proper care and maintenance, your Baby Lock Enlighten promises years of high-quality, dependable
performance and sewing pleasure. Keep this instruction manual as a step-by-step guide to become familiar with your Baby Lock Enlighten and expand your sewing horizons.
For additional product information and updates, visit our website at www. babylock. com.
Happy Sewing!
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Table of Contents
OVERVIEW .............................................................................................................................. 4
How Your Serger Operates ........................................................................................... 4
Overview of the Enlighten ............................................................................................. 5
ACCESSORIES ...................................................................................................................... 6
Accessories................................................................................................................... 6
Needles ......................................................................................................................... 7
Thread........................................................................................................................... 7
Optional Accessories..................................................................................................... 7
SERGER SET UP ................................................................................................................... 8
Setting Up Your Enlighten .......................................................................................... 8/9
Threading Your Enlighten............................................................................................ 10
Threading Position for Threading ................................................................................ 10
Lower Looper .............................................................................................................. 10
Upper Looper .............................................................................................................. 11
Right Needle ............................................................................................................... 12
Left Needle .................................................................................................................. 13
Needle Threader ......................................................................................................... 13
Looper Thread Fine-Tuning Knob ............................................................................... 13
SERGING WITH FABRIC ..................................................................................................... 14
Serging with Fabric ..................................................................................................... 14
Clearing the Stitch Width Fingers................................................................................ 14
Thread Delivery System.............................................................................................. 15
Stitch Selector ............................................................................................................. 15
Wave Selector ............................................................................................................. 15
Re-threading Loopers ................................................................................................. 15
Re-threading Needles ................................................................................................. 15
MACHINE SETTINGS........................................................................................................... 16
Stitch Length / Rolled Hem.......................................................................................... 16
Stitch Width ................................................................................................................. 16
Differential Feed .......................................................................................................... 17
Disengaging the Upper Cutting Blade......................................................................... 18
Presser Foot Pressure Adjustment ............................................................................. 18
Snap-On Presser Foot ................................................................................................ 18
4-THREAD OVERLOCK....................................................................................................... 19
4-Thread Overlock ...................................................................................................... 19
3-THREAD OVERLOCK....................................................................................................... 20
3-Thread Overlock - Wide ............................................................................................ 20
3-Thread Overlock - Narrow......................................................................................... 21
3-Thread Overlock - Narrow Hem ................................................................................ 22
Rolled Edging .............................................................................................................. 23
3-Thread Rolled Edge ................................................................................................. 23
3-Thread Flatlock ........................................................................................................ 24
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2-THREAD OVERLOCK....................................................................................................... 25
2-Thread Overlock ....................................................................................................... 25
Converting from 3-Thread Overlock to 2-Thread Overlock ......................................... 25
2-Thread Flatlock - Wide............................................................................................. 26
2-Thread Flatlock - Narrow ......................................................................................... 27
Flatlock "Topstitching" ................................................................................................. 28
Blind Hemming............................................................................................................ 29
Blanket Stitch - Decorative Stitch ................................................................................. 30
Ladder Stitch - Decorative Stitch ................................................................................. 31
Returning to 3 or 4-Thread Overlock........................................................................... 32
WAVE STITCH ....................................................................................................................... 33
Wave Stitch ................................................................................................................. 33
Converting from Normal Serging to Wave.................................................................... 33
3-Thread Wave Stitch................................................................................................... 34
3-Thread Rolled Wave Stitch........................................................................................ 35
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ROLLED EDGING ................................................................................................................. 36
Rolled Edging ............................................................................................................... 36
Seaming Sheers........................................................................................................... 36
Lettuce Edge ................................................................................................................ 36
Belt Loops and Button Loops ....................................................................................... 36
Returning to Standard Serging ..................................................................................... 36
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Table of Contents (Cont.)
BASIC SERGING TECHNIQUES .......................................................................................... 37
Overedging................................................................................................................... 37
Seaming ....................................................................................................................... 37
Front Cover Seam Guide ............................................................................................ 37
Securing Ends ......................................................................................................... 38/39
Turning Outside Corners .............................................................................................. 40
Turning Inside Corners................................................................................................. 40
Serging Curves............................................................................................................. 41
Inserting Tapes ............................................................................................................. 41
USING SPECIALTY THREADS ............................................................................................. 42
Using Specialty Threads ............................................................................................. 42
Threading Lightweight Thread...................................................................................... 42
Changing Threads........................................................................................................ 42
Threading Medium Weight Thread............................................................................... 42
Thread Cradle for Loopers ........................................................................................... 43
Looper Threading Tool ................................................................................................. 44
Bypassing the Threading Port ...................................................................................... 45
Specialty Thread Guide Chart ................................................................................. 46/47
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MAINTENANCE ..................................................................................................................... 48
Replacing Needles ....................................................................................................... 48
Replacing Cutting Blades ............................................................................................. 48
Cleaning ....................................................................................................................... 49
Replacing LED Lighting................................................................................................ 49
TROUBLESHOOTING ........................................................................................................... 50
Troubleshooting...................................................................................................... 50/51
Dos and Don'ts............................................................................................................ 51
TECHNICAL DATA ................................................................................................................ 52
CHART FOR STITCH SELECTION SETTINGS ................................................................... 53
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How Your Serger Operates
Sometimes called an overlock machine or overlocker, the serger is different from any conventional sewing
machine you have used. Awareness of its simple operation will enable you to become more proficient in
its use. Please read all instructions before using your new machine.
Serging is kind of a knitting process that loops two, three or four threads together to create a stitch.
Your Baby Lock Enlighten operates with one or two needles and one or two "loopers," each carrying a
thread to form the overlock stitch.
When fabric is placed into the machine, it reaches the feed dogs first. The feed dogs move the fabric along
as the cutting blades trim the edge, creating a clean edge to be finished. Then the loopers and needle(s)
form the stitch on the fabric edge, supported by one or more parallel "stitch fingers" - Metal prongs that
keep the fabric flat. The threads become "locked" over the fabric and the resulting stitches encase the raw
edge with thread to prevent fabric raveling.
After setting up your machine for the first time, take a few moments to learn how it sews. Before your serger is threaded, turn the handwheel - toward you - and watch the movement and operation of the various
parts. Don't bother with fabric at first. It doesn't hurt your serger to stitch without fabric under the presser
foot.
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Overview of the Enlighten
1. Presser foot thread release lever*
2. Thread cutter
3. Needle threader lever
4. Needle height viewing area
5. Needle clamp screw
6. Snap-on presser foot
7. Needle plate
8. Side cover
9. Stitch width adjusting dial
10. Cutting blade lock switch
11. Stitch length/rolled hem adjusting dial
12. Cutting blade cover
13. Needle drop drawer
14. Subsidiary looper
15. Front cover
16. Threading lever
17. Threading button
18. Differential feed adjusting lever
19. Handwheel
20. Lower looper threading port
21. Power switch
22. Stitch selector
23. Accessory compartment & spool stand
24. Upper looper threading port
25. Wave selector
26. Carrying handle
27. Looper thread fine-tuning screw
28. Telescopic thread guide and antenna
29. Needle threader selector
30. Presser foot pressure adjusting screw
* Raising the presser foot releases all threads.
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Accessories
Your Baby Lock Enlighten serger has a built-in accessory compartment. To open, swing the "lid" on the
thread spoolstand to the right to reveal the tray holding some of the accessories listed below. Others may
be found in the machine packing materials.
Accessory
Instruction manual
Number included
Located in
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Packing box
Quick reference threading guide
1
Packing box
Foot Control
1
Packing box
Lint brush/needle insert tool
1
Accessory compartment
Needle clamp screw
2
Accessory compartment
Package of assorted sized needles
1
Accessory compartment
Medium screwdriver
1
Accessory compartment
Tweezers
1
Accessory compartment
Upper cutting blade for replacement
1
Accessory compartment
Looper threading tool
1
Accessory packet
Screwdriver
1
Accessory packet
Machine cover
1
Accessory packet
Mounting bolt with washer (U.S.A. only)
1
Accessory packet
Thread nets
4
Accessory packet
Spool caps
4
Accessory packet
Sponge disks
4
Accessory packet
Allen wrench
1
Accessory packet
Cone holders
4
On machine
Organ ELx705CF
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Needles
Your Baby Lock Enlighten serger is set up with 90/14 machine needles, which are suitable for most medium and heavy weight fabrics. For lightweight fabrics, change to a size 75/11 needle. The needle's semiball point design is suitable for knits and wovens. Some manufacturers' needles may produce better quality stitches with your Baby Lock than others. For best results, use Organ or Schmetz brand needles - system HAx1SP/CR, and replace them approximately every third project (page 48).
All types of thread may be used on your Baby Lock, but 100% long-staple polyester thread, crosswound on
a cone, consistently provides the best stitch performance. Because the threads must pass through several
thread guides at high speeds, they must be of uniform thickness and high strength with a minimum amount
of linting.
Thread
Good-quality cotton or cotton-covered polyester threads sew well, though they produce more lint, creating
the need to clean the machine more frequently. They work well for overedging and seaming, but they may
be too weak or too fuzzy for the rolled edge. Poor grades of these threads can result in frequent fraying,
breaking and unbalanced stitches.
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Threads of other fiber contents and weights may be used, depending on their strength and thickness. Testing
will help you determine how easily they can pass through the thread guides, thread slots, needles and loopers. (for more information page 46/47.)
Important Note: For maximum performance of the Baby Lock Enlighten, it is recommended to use "100%
polyester-long fiber thread". Recommended brands are Maxi-Lock and Metrosene. This thread also performs best when used with various decorative threads for serging specialty techniques.
Optional Accessories
There are optional snap-on specialty feet available for the Enlighten. The optional accessories are available at your Baby Lock retailer.
・Beading Foot
・Blindhem Foot
・Clear Foot
・Cording / Piping Foot (3mm)
・Cording / Piping Foot (5mm)
・Elastic Applicator Foot
・Lace Applicator Foot
・Ruffling Foot
・Size 90 Top Stitch Needle
B5002-01A-C-E
B5002S02A-E
B5002K02A-E
B5002-02A-C-E
B5002-03A-C-E
B5002S01A-E
B5002S05A-E
B5002S03A-E
(BLE-BF)
(BLE-BLHFS)
(BLE3ATW-CLF)
(BLE-CF3)
(BLE-CF5)
(BLE-EF)
(BLE-LF)
(BLE-RF)
(T-90B)
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Setting Up Your Enlighten
After removing the packing materials from the box, gently lift your Baby Lock serger by gasping the handle provided on the top of the machine. Place the machine on a serger sewing table or any level surface
that provides ample work area to the left of the machine. Place the foot control in a pedal stay, if desired,
and place it under the sewing table.
Plug the power cord into the machine first, then into a wall outlet. The power switch is located toward the
back on the right side of the machine. Always make sure the power is OFF when the machine is not in
use (fig.A).
Available foot control for U.S.A.: Model YC-482.
This appliance has a polarized plug (one blade wider than the other). To reduce the risk of electric shock,
this plug is intended to fit in a polarized outlet only one way. If the plug does not fit fully in the outlet, reverse
the plug. If it still does not fit, contact a qualified electrician to install the proper outlet. Do not modify the
plug in any way.
The sewing speed of the machine is determined by the amount of pressure applied to the foot control.
When not in use, do not place anything on the foot control, or the machine could start inadvertently and
the foot control or motor could burn out (fig.A).
Raise the telescopic thread guide to its highest position of 14". Rotate the shaft to the left and right until
each section "clicks" into a locked position (fig.B). The front cover may be opened simply by placing your
fingers behind the tab at the right side and pulling toward you (fig.C).
To open the cutting blade cover, place your thumb against the tab, and slide the cover to the right. A slight
pull forward will allow the cover to swing down, providing access to the loopers, blades, and thread guides
(fig.D).
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Setting Up Your Enlighten (Cont.)
When using threads on cones or king spools place the cone or
spool securely over the cone holders furnished on your machine.
To avoid bending the thread stand, you may need to place one
hand under the stand while positioning the cone. The cone holders prevent the cone or spool from spinning, enabling the thread to
feed evenly (fig.A).
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Because threads for the serger feed from the top, standard spool
threads can snag on the rough edges of many of these spools.
That's why spool caps are furnished with your Enlighten to provide
a smooth surface that enables the thread to reel off freely. With the
spool notch side down, insert a spool cap into the top of the spool
(fig.B).
When using standard spool threads on your serger, replace the
cone holders with the sponge disks furnished with your machine.
These disks hold smaller spools securely and help the thread to
reel off properly. With the sponge disk in place, put the capped
spool on the spindle (fig.C).
Thread nets may be placed over threads that tend to slip off the bottom of the spool during sewing. Most threads do not require their
use, but nets often are necessary with nylon, rayon or silk threads
(fig.D). Once it's on the spool, fold the net back on itself, if necessary, to enable the thread to feed smoothly without snagging on the
net (fig.E).
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Threading Your Enlighten
Your Baby Lock Enlighten is equipped with an exclusive "Electrionic Extraordin Air Threading System" for
fast, easy threading of the upper and lower loopers.
One touch of the "Push to Thread" button will automatically thread the loopers. It is no longer necessary to
use tweezers for threading the thread guides. If a looper thread breaks or runs out, just re-thread it. There
is no need to follow a specific threading sequence.
Threading Position for Threading
1. Open the front cover.
2. Raise the presser foot to release all threads.
3. Set the threading lever from serging position to threading position (fig.A).
4. Rotate the machine handwheel slowly toward you until the tubes move to connectiong position (fig.B).
Note: The Enlighten must be in the locked position when threading the loopers unless otherwise indicated.
Lower Looper
1. With the presser foot up and threding lever in the threading position ( fig. A) .
2. Place the thread cone or spool on the far right front spool pin on the thread stand (fig.C page 11).
Slip the thread into the telescopic antenna thread guide "1" directly above the spool, snap into the thread
guide "2" at the top of the machine, through the slot on the front of the machine (fig. C page 11).
3. Pull 18 inches (45cm) of thread through guide "3". Insert the end of the thread into the threading port "L"
about 1/2 inch (1.2cm) . Use tweezers if necessary, to insert the thread end more easily.
4. Push the threading button (fig. D page 11) . If the thread does not go through the lower looper eye with
one push, push the threading button again until it does. *(page 11)
5. Clip the thread 4 inches (10cm) from the lower looper eye and leave it hanging loose.
6. Set the threading lever to serging position.
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Threading Lever
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Upper Looper
1. With the presser foot in the up position, open the front cover and move the threading lever into the threading position (fig. A page 10).
2. Place the thread cone or spool on the second spool pin from the right. Slip the thread into the telescopic antenna thread guide "A" directly above the spool, snap into the thread guide "B" at the top of the front
of the machine, through the slot on the front cover (fig. C).
3. Pull 18 inches (45cm) of thread through guide "C". Insert the end of the thread into the threading port "U",
about 1/2 inch (1.2cm). Use tweezers, if necessary, to insert the thread end more easily (fig. D).
4. Push the threading button (fig. D). If the thread does not go through the upper looper eye with one push,
press the looper threading button again until it does, and leave thread hanging loose.
5. Set the threading lever to serging position.
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Push To Thread Button
18"(4
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*Be sure at least 1/2" of thread is inserted into the threading port.
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Right Needle
1. With the presser foot up position and the machine engaded in the threading position (page 10, fig.
A), set the needle threader selector on "R" to thread the right needle (page 13, fig. A ).
Note: Be sure to push the needle threader selector all the way to "R".
2. Place the thread on the second spool pin from the left on the thread stand (illustrated below).
Thread needle thread guides 1 and 2, through the groove on the front of the machine and through
guides 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7. Pull a 6-inch (15 cm) length of thread through guide 7.
3. Lower the presser foot to engage the tensions.
4. Manually insert thread into the eye of the right needle or follow needle threader instructions on page
13.
5. Continue pulling the thread through the needle eye. Place the thread under the presser foot and to
the left.
Note:The Enlighten must be in threading position when using the needle threader unless otherwise
indicated. This is also a safety feature when threading the machine, as the machine cannot sew
while in the threading position.
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Handwheel
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Left Needle
1. With the presser foot up and the machine engaged in the threading mode (page 10, fig. A), set the
needle threader selector on "L" to thread the left needle (illustrated below).
Note: Be sure to push the needle threader selector all the way to "L".
2. Place the thread on the far left spool pin on the thread stand (illustration on page 12).
Thread needle thread guides A and B, through the groove on the front of the machine and
through guides C,D,E,F and G.
3. Lower the presser foot and thread the left needles as in steps 4 and 5, under "Right Needle".
Needle Threader
1. Set the needle threader selector on "R" (right needle) or "L" (left needle). (Fig.A)
2. Press the needle threader lever down (Fig. B) so that the hook goes into the eye of the
needle. The hook will remain in the eye of the needle.
3. Hold the needle thread horizontally with both hands and position the thread into the threader
hook guides on top of thread hook (illustration C for correct positioning).
4. Tap the needle threader lever down again. (Fig.D) The hook will pull the thread through the
eye of the needle as it is released.
5. Carefully remove the loop of thread from the needle threader hook and place the thread under
the presser foot and to the left.
Note: With the machine in the threading position, this sets the needle position for using the
needle threader.
This is also a safety feature when threading the needles, as the machine cannot sew while in the
threading position.
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threader
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Needle
Threader
Selector
Looper Thread Fine-Tuning Knob
No adjustments are needed when sewing with most fabrics and
threads on your Baby Lock EnlightenWave, but certain threads or
fabrics may require minor fine-tuning of the looper delivery system
to perfect your stitches. Increase or decrease the delivery of the
looper threads with the upper and lower looper thread fine-tuning
screw. With a screwdriver (found in accessory kit), turn the fine-tuning screw clockwise to tighten the looper threads equally. Turn the
screw counter-clockwise to loosen the looper threads equally.
Ideal Stitch
Looper threads are
too loose.
Looper threads are
too tight.
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Standard Position
Tighten the screw ( + )
Loosen the screw ( - )
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Serging with Fabric
With the needle and looper threads under the foot and to the back,
lower the presser foot. While holding the threads in your left hand,
press down on the foot control gently to begin a thread chain before
serging fabric (fig.A).
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You can leave the presser foot down for most serging applications.
Just place the fabric at the toe of the presser foot. As you step on
the foot control, the feed dogs will begin moving the fabric toward
the needle (fig.B). You need to raise and lower the foot only when
working with thick, spongy or lofty fabrics, or when precise positioning is required.
Be careful not to push or pull the fabric. The Enlighten will feed it
evenly without help. At the end of a seam, just sew off the fabric
edge and continue serging to create 5" - 6" thread chain. Cut the
thread chain with the thread cutter on the left side cover (fig.C).
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Clearing the Stitch Width Fingers
As you sew, you will discover that maneuvering the fabric is different
from conventional sewing because the threads form around the stitch
fingers (fig. A).
To clear the stitch fingers, simply raise the presser foot, which
releases all threads. Turn the handwheel forward to raise the
needle(s). Then pull the threads gently from behind the foot (fig. B).
The stitches are now released from the fingers (fig. C).
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Thread Delivery System
The Baby Lock Enlighten revolutionizes the way a serger works with its Thread Delivery System. You no
longer have to manually adjust the tension settings for the type of stitch you are serging. Select the type
of stitch you wish to serge, the Enlighten will automatically feed the correct amount of thread through the
loopers and thread guides to form a perfect stitch every time.
Stitch Selector
The stitch selector controls the thread delivery system and is located on
the right front side of the machine. To select a stitch setting, move the
stitch selector lever to A, B, C, or D.
A - For Wide overlock stitches using the left (L) needle.
B - For balanced overlock stitches using the right (R) needle and 3thread Wave stitch.
C - For narrow stitches with a short length and Rolled Wave Stitch.
D - For 3-Thread rolled hem stitch.
For best results, use setting B or C for WAVE stitching. See chart on last
page for stitch selection settings.
Wave Selector
The Wave Selector lever shows "OVERLOCK" and "WAVE". Select
"OVERLOCK" for overlock stitching. Select "WAVE" for wave stitching.
Re-threading Loopers
If a thread breaks, raise the presser foot and pull the broken thread out from under the foot. Open the front
cover and engage the threading lever (page 10). Re-thread the machine above the threading port, leaving
an 18-inch (45cm) thread tail. Thread the looper as usual then engage the threading lever to the serging
position (page 10/11). Close the front cover and sew a test sample.
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Note: When re-threading your Baby Lock Enlighten using the "Extraordin Air Threading" feature, make
sure that the previous thread that was in the looper (tube) is completely removed. This will eliminate any
chance of the previous thread obstructing the flow of the air when re-threading the machine.
Re-threading Needles
If a needle thread breaks, raise the presser foot, remove the broken thread and rethread the needle thread
guides. Open the front cover, depress the machine lock button. Select the "R" or "L" for the needle being
threaded. Use the needle threader for exact and easier threading. Refer to pages 12 or 13 for further
information.
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Stitch Length/Rolled Hem
A
The stitch length / rolled hem adjusting dial is conveniently located just to the left of the front cover, near the base plate (fig. A). The
dial shows two stitch-length ranges, from 0.75, for the shortest
stitch, to 4 for the longest. As the dial indicates, one range is for
standard sewing and one is for rolled edging or narrow seaming.
Simply turn the dial aligning the desired setting with the indicator on
the machine. A stitch length of 3mm, or about 10 stitches per inch
is ideal for seaming and overedging most fabrics. For overedging
or seaming very lightweight fabrics, you may prefer a shorter stitch
length. When sewing heavier fabrics, you may choose to lengthen
the stitch (fig. B).
Note: 0.75mm is located between the 0 and 1 on both standard &
rolled settings.
B
Stitch Width
The stitch width adjusting dial is located above the stitch length dial
(fig. A). The stitch width dial displays two sets of numbers, indicating two width ranges. The larger numbers at each end of the
dial, 5.5 and 7.5mm, denote the stitch width dial when the left needle is in use. The smaller numbers, 3.0 and 5.0mm, apply when
the right needle is in use.
Adjusting the stitch width moves the upper cutting blade. It also
moves the stitch fingers further apart or closer together for complete fabric support with any stitch width.
A
B
16
The stitch width is variable by the placement of Right and Left
needles and the stitch width dial positions. (Fig.B)
Differential Feed
Your Baby Lock serger is equipped with differential feed.The set of
feed dogs work independently in order to ensure smooth sewing on
all fabrics.
When the differential feed adjusting lever, located at the machine's
right, front edge is set on "N" for normal feeding, the feed dogs move
the same distance. This is the setting to use for most fabrics and
applications.
When the dial is set above "N" (fig.B), the front feed dog will feed
more fabrics than the back. This is because the front feed dog
moves at a greater distance than the back feed dogs. As a result,
the fabric becomes compressed or eased, as the diagram on the
front cover indicates. This action can eliminate wavy seams in
stretchy fabrics or those cut on the bias grain (fig.A).
A
B
At the maximum setting of 2.0 (fig. C), the differential feed can
gather a lightweight fabric to nearly double fullness (fig. D).
The front feed dog is actually feeding in twice as much fabric as the
back feed dog is feeding out. To maximize the gathering effects,
use the longest stitch length setting. Fabric weight will affect the
gathering. Test stitch for desired results.
When the differential feed lever is set below "N" (fig. E), the front
feed dog moves less distance than the back feed dog. This adjustment stretches the fabric slightly as it is sewn pulling it taunt as it
enters the needle. The lower settings prevent puckers on lightweight fabric (fig. F), add more stretch to swim wear, active wear,
and can be used to create a lettuce edge (page 36).
D
F
C
M
A
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M
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Disengaging the Upper Cutting Blade
When no trimming is desired, as when stitching on a fold, flip the
cutting blade lock switch clockwise to the LOCK position. The
cutting blade no longer moves up and down, but remains in its
lowered position. To re-engage the cutting blade, turn the cutting
blade lock switch half of a turn counter-clockwise. The blade will
start moving automatically when you start sewing.
Presser Foot Pressure Adjustment
The presser foot pressure has been preset at the factory and
rarely needs adjustment. You may find it necessary, however, to
decrease the pressure for thick fabrics or increase pressure for
thin fabrics to feed more smoothly under the foot. Use a coin to
turn the screw on top of the machine.
To increase pressure, turn the pressure adjusting screw clockwise.
To decrease pressure, turn the screw counterclockwise.
Snap-On Presser Foot
The Enlighten has the convenience of a snap-on presser foot.
To Release:
1. Raise the presser foot lever.
2. Lower the cutting blade.
3. Raise the needles to the highest position.
4. Push the presser foot release lever located at the back of the
presser foot holder.
5. Carefully turn the presser foot clockwise 90 degrees.
6. Slide the presser foot to the rear to remove.
Presser Foot
Release Button
Seam Line
Guides
To Replace:
1. Raise the presser foot lever.
2. Lower the cutting blade.
3. Raise the needles to the highest position.
4. Slide the foot from the left to right.
5. Align the bar of the foot with the groove in the holder.
6. Lower the presser foot lever to snap into place.
The presser foot that comes with the Enlighten has a tape sewing
slot. Insert the tape or ribbon, into the slot in the front of the foot,
then under the sole of the foot. (page 41 for more instruction)
18
The raised markings on the toe of the foot are seam line guides.
They indicate the needle positions to help guide your fabric for
accurate seaming.
4
4-Thread Overlock
With the Enlighten Thread Delivery System, the upper and lower looper threads lock together evenly over
the cut fabric edge(s) to form a flat, non-rolling pattern of overlocking stitches on both sides of the fabric.
The left needle thread interlocks with both looper threads at the stitching line to create the seam. The right
needle thread, visible on the top side of the stitch, interlocks with both the loopers to add durability. The
thread, that resembles a zigzag on the upper side of the fabric, is from the upper looper. The thread, that
resembles a zig zag on the lower side of the fabric, is from the lower looper.
Move the stitch selector lever to "A".
For the perfect 4-thread overlock stitch, follow the suggested settings and threading diagram below.
NEEDLES
left & right
LENGTH
2.5-3.5
WIDTH
6.0-7.5
STITCH
SELECTOR
A
WAVE
SELECTOR
OVERLOCK
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3
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D
3-Thread Overlock-Wide
The 3-thread overlock wide stitch is perfect for edge-finishing most
woven fabrics and for seaming knits that do not require the extra
durability that a fourth thread provides.
It's easy to convert your Enlighten to serge with 3 threads by
simply eliminating either needle.
To convert your serger to a 3-thread overlock wide (7.5mm), cut the
right needle thread just above the needle eye (fig. A). Remove the
right needle and right needle thread completely from the machine.
Re- tighten the needle clamp screw slightly to prevent the screw
from working out (fig. B).
A
Move the stitch selector lever to "A".
O
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20
For left needle, 3-thread overlock-wide, follow the suggested settings and the threading diagram below.
B
NEEDLES
left
LENGTH
2-3
WIDTH
7.5
STITCH
SELECTOR
A
WAVE
SELECTOR
OVERLOCK
3
3-Thread Overlock-Narrow
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D
It's easy to convert your Enlighten to serge a narrow seam with 3
threads by simply eliminating the left needle.
To convert to narrow 3-thread overlock (3.0-3.5mm), cut the left
needle thread (fig. A). Remove the left needle and left needle thread
completely from the machine.
Tighten the needle clamp screw slightly to prevent the screw from
working out (fig. B).
Confirm needle is in the right needle clamp position and secure the
needle clamp screw.
Move the stitch selector lever to "B".
A
For the right needle, 3-thread overlock sewing, follow the suggested settings and the threading diagram below.
B
NEEDLES
right
LENGTH
2.5-3.5
WIDTH
3.0-3.5
STITCH
SELECTOR
B
WAVE
SELECTOR
OVERLOCK
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3
3-Thread Overlock-Narrow Hem
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Narrow Hemming is an attractive finish for light to medium to heavy
weight fabrics.
Remove the left needle and left needle thread completely from the
machine. Clear the stitch fingers. Turn the stitch length adjusting dial
counter-clockwise to the rolled hem range. Set the length at "0.75 to
4.0" (fig. A) and the stitch width at 3.0 for a smooth decorative finish
(fig. B).
A
Move the stitch selector lever to "C".
For the right needle 3-thread narrow hemming, follow the suggested
settings and the threading diagram below.
B
NEEDLES
right
LENGTH
0.75-4.0R
WIDTH
3.0
STITCH
SELECTOR
C
WAVE
SELECTOR
OVERLOCK
Rolled Edging
The rolled edge setting is used to achieve the narrowest stitch possible (1.5mm) on your Baby Lock serger. The stitch is suitable for seaming sheer and lightweight fabrics and for edging and hemming lightweight
fabrics.
3-Thread Rolled Edge
With the stitch selector set on "D", a narrow hem will become a rolled edge. The fabric edge rolls around
the stitch finger. The upper looper wraps the fabric edge while the lower looper thread is nearly invisible on
the back side of the stitch formation.
Remove the left needle and thread. Clear the stitch fingers. Turn the stitch length adjusting dial counterclockwise into the rolled hem range at 0.75-4.0R setting (fig. A). Set the stitch width dial to 3.5 "M" (fig. B).
For a 3-thread rolled edge, move the stitch selector lever to "D" and follow the suggested settings and
threading diagram below.
LENGTH
0.75-4.0R
E
D
G
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G
B
A
NEEDLES
right
R
O
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L
E
D
WIDTH
3.5
STITCH
SELECTOR
D
WAVE
SELECTOR
OVERLOCK
23
3
3-Thread Flatlock
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Flatlock seams are most suited to fabrics which do not ravel such
as interlock knits, tricot, sweatshirt fleece and synthetic suede.
The needle thread is carried below the fabric and to the cut edge
of the fabric. The lower looper thread rides along the cut edge of
the fabric for stability. The edges pull open and flatten within the
stitch for a non-bulky join. Be sure to sew a test sample first to
determine whether the stitch will have the strength to hold the
seam without the fabric pulling away.
Move the stitch selector lever to "D".
For the right needle 3-thread flatlock, follow the suggested settings and the threading diagram below.
NEEDLES
right
LENGTH
2-3
WIDTH
3.0-5.0
STITCH
SELECTOR
D
WAVE
SELECTOR
OVERLOCK
2
2-Thread Overlock
The 2-thread function provides an economical and less bulky means of overedging all fabrics. The standard
2-thread overlock is the same as a 2-thread flatlock stitch.
When sewn with specialty threads, 2-thread sewing makes decorative seams and edges for activewear,
children's clothing , ruffles, and hemlines.
Converting from 3-Thread Overlock
to 2-Thread Overlock
Left or right needle positions can be used for 2-thread
serging.
See machine threading illustrations on (page 26/27.)
1. Open the front cover and blade cover. Cut the upper
looper thread just above the threading port (fig.A).
2. Raise the presser foot and remove the upper looper
thread and needle thread from the machine.
A
3. Rotate the handwheel forward to bring the upper looper
into position to attach the subsidiary looper. Rotate the
subsidiary looper up and to the left (fig.B) then slip the
end into the upper looper eye. (fig.C)
4. Place the left needle thread on the far left spool pin (or
right needle thread on second from left spool pin) and
bring the thread through the telescopic thread guide
directly above the spool pin of thread. Bring the thread
through the top thread guide that is normally used for the
upper looper (3rd from left), and down the front. Then take
the thread to the left and thread the machine as you
would for the needles in their normal position. (illustration
on page 26/ 27 for correct threading.)
B
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5. Using the needle threader, thread the eye of left or right
needle. (page 13 for threading of needles.)
6. Place the needle thread and looper thread under the
presser foot and to the back.
7. Close the cutting blade cover and front cover.
C
8. The needle and lower looper threads should overcast evenly on the cut edge of the fabric.
Note: The blade cover has been removed in illustrations B and C for a clear view.
25
2
2-Thread Flatlock - Wide
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A
B
Wrong Side
Needle
Thread
Loop
Right
Side
For 2-thread flatlock - wide
1. Engage the threading lever in the threading position.
2. Place the needle thread on far left spool pin.
3. Thread needle thread through the upper looper thread guide on
top of the machine, then go down the thread path in the front of
the machine. Go left with the needle thread at the hook on front
of the machine. Then take the needle thread through the normal
needle thread paths. (illustration below). Thread the left needle
for a wide flatlock.
4. Engage the subsidiary looper following step 3 on page 25.
5. Thread the lower looper as shown in the illustration below.
6. Engage the threading lever in the serging position.
If you want the "overlock stitching" to show on the right side of the
fabric, place wrong sides together and sew. (Fig. C)
Looper
Thread
Right
Side
Wrong Side
Sew 2-thread flatlock seams in the same way as 3-thread flatlock
seams, then pull the two fabric layers apart until the seam lies flat
(fig. A). Because the threads show on the outside as well as the
inside of the garment or project, the 2-thread flatlock seam is often
considered a decorative application (fig. B). Be sure to sew a test
sample first to determine whether the stitch will have the strength
to hold the seam without the fabric pulling away.
C
For a 2-thread wide flatlock, follow the suggested settings and
threading illustration below.
Note: If the fabric does not pull completely flat under the stitches,
guide the fabric fold to the left so that the loops hang slightly off the
fold as they are being stitched.
NEEDLES
left
LENGTH
2-2.5
WIDTH
7.5
STITCH
SELECTOR
A
WAVE
SELECTOR
OVERLOCK
2
2-Thread Flatlock - Narrow
A
Sew a 2-thread flatlock seam then pull the two fabric layers apart until
the seam lies flat (fig. A).
Because the threads show on the outside as well as the inside of the
garment or project, the flatlock seam is often considered a decorative
application (fig. B).
For 2-thread flatlock - narrow
1. Engage the threading lever in the threading position.
2. Place needle thread on right needle spool pin.
3. Thread needle thread through the upper looper thread guide on top
of the machine, then go down the thread path in the front of the
machine. Go left with the needle thread at the hook on front of the
machine. Then take the needle thread through the normal needle
thread paths. (illustration below). Thread the right needle for a narrow flatlock.
4. Engage the subsidiary looper following step 3 on page 25.
5. Thread the lower looper as shown in the illustration below.
6. Engage the threading lever in the serging position.
If you want the "overlock stitching" to show on the right side of the
fabric, place wrong sides together and sew (Fig. C).
To produce the "Ladder" (needle thread) on the outside, place the
fabric right sides together (fig. D).
B
Wrong Side
Needle
Thread
Loop
Right
Side
Looper
Thread
Right
Side
Wrong Side
Right
Side
For a 2-thread narrow flatlock, follow the suggested settings and
threading illustration below.
C
Ladder
Right
Side
Wrong
Side
Wrong Side
NEEDLES
right
LENGTH
3-3.5
WIDTH
3.5
STITCH
SELECTOR
B
WAVE
SELECTOR
OVERLOCK
D
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2
Flatlock "Topstitching"
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The flatlock stitch need not be limited at seamlines.
When sewn on a fold, flatlocking can create attractive decorative effects within the body of a garment or project.
Either follow placement lines on your pattern or design your
own special effects by stitching the fabric before laying out
pattern pieces.
1. Set the machine for 2-thread flatlock - wide.
2. Turn the cutting blade lock switch clockwise to disengage the upper cutting blade.
3. Set the stitch length to desired setting appropriate for the
thickness of your decorative thread.
4. Fold the fabric (right side or wrong side out, depending
on the loop (page 26) or ladder (page 31) stitch you want
to show) along stitch placement lines.
5. Position the fabric under the presser foot, aligning the
fold of the fabric 1/8 inch (3.5mm) to the left of the upper
cutting blade (fig A).
6. Stitch to the desired ending point.
7. Clear the stitch fingers and chain off the fabric (fig B).
8. Clip threads, leaving a 3-4 inch (7.5-10cm) chain.
9. Gently pull the fabric to flatten the stitches (fig C).
10.Separate the chain threads and thread them through a
hand sewing needle and pull them to the fabric back
side. If necessary, tie a knot to secure the threads (fig
D).
Note: If the fabric does not pull completely flat under the
stitches, guide the fabric fold to the left so that the loops
hang slightly off the fold as they are being stitched.
2
Blind Hemming
Your Baby Lock Enlighten can create a sturdy, nearly invisible
blindhem.
1. Set the machine for 2-Thread Overlock-Narrow with the right
needle threaded. Set the stitch width at 5.0 and the stitch
length at 4.0 in the standard range.
2. Fold up the hemline and press it in place. Then fold the hem
allowance back against the fabric right side to create a fold
about 1/4 " from the top edge of the hem as shown (fig. A).
3. Align the fold under the presser foot and stitch, allowing the
needle to catch only a thread or two of the soft fold (fig. B). The
blade will trim the top edge of the hem and the loopers will overcast the edge for a clean finish (fig. B).
4. Open the fold and press flat (fig. C).
A
Note: An optional blindhem foot for consistent guiding is available
through your Baby Lock retailer (fig. D).
Page 7 Optional Accessories listing for part number.
B
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2
Blanket Stitch - Decorative Stitch
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Set up the machine for 2-thread flatlock-wide but the needle
threading path is different for this technique.
B
1. Insert a size 90 top stitch needle in left overlock needle position.
2. Engage the threading lever in the threading position.
3. Place a heavy decorative thread that will be used in the needle
on far left spool pin and thread the needle thread through upper
looper thread path (below illustration).
4. Engage the threading lever in the serging position, pull the
thread out the upper looper tube and continue to thread the
needle as illustrated.
5. Thread Maxilock thread in the lower looper.
6. Swing the subsidiary looper into place on the upper looper.
7. Place water-soluble stabilizer on top of the fabric, along the
edge.
8. Stitch along the edge of the fabric. (Fig. A)
9. When finished stitching, pull the water-soluble stabilizer to the
right of the fabric (fig. B). This will pull the stitching to the edge
and will look like a blanket stitch (fig. C).
C
NEEDLES
left
size 90 Top Stitch
Needle
30
A
For a blanket decorative stitch, follow the suggested settings and
threading illustration below.
LENGTH
4.0
WIDTH
7.5
STITCH
SELECTOR
A
WAVE
SELECTOR
OVERLOCK
2
Ladder Stitch - Decorative Stitch
Note: The threading path for the needle thread is different in
this technique. Please refer to the Quick Reference Threading
Guide or illustration below.
1. Insert a size 90 top stitch needle in left overlock needle position.
2. Engage the threading lever in the threading position.
3. Place a heavy decorative thread that will be used in the right
needle on far left spool pin and thread the needle thread
through upper looper thread path (below illustration).
4. Engage the threading lever in the serging position, pull the
thread out the upper looper tube and continue to thread the
needle as illustrated.
5. Thread Maxilock thread in the lower looper.
6. Swing the subsidiary looper into place on the upper looper.
7. Place the fabric pieces right sides together for the decorative ladder to be on the right side of the fabric. (This can also
be done on the fold as well.)
8. Sew the fabric together and gently pull open, revealing the
decorative ladder stitching on the right side of the fabric.
Right
Side
Wrong
Side
Ladder
Right
Side
Wrong Side
For a decorative ladder stitch, follow the suggested settings
and threading illustration below.
NEEDLES
left
size 90 Top Stitch
Needle
LENGTH
4.0
WIDTH
7.5
STITCH
SELECTOR
A
WAVE
SELECTOR
OVERLOCK
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2
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Returning to 3 or 4-Thread Overlock
1. Open the front cover and rotate the handwheel forward to
bring the upper looper to its highest position.
2. With your index finger or tweezers, move the subsidiary
looper slightly to the back to release from the eye of the
upper looper. Rotate it to the right until it snaps back into
place and out of the way.
3. Engage the threading lever to the threading position.
Rethread the upper looper (page 11). For 4-thread serging,
replace the second needle (page 48). Rethread the needle
(page 13). Engage the threading lever to the serging position.
4. Close the front cover.
5. Lower the foot and sew a test stitch.
Wave Stitch
The Wave Stitch provides a decorative "wavy" edging on fabric. (This is not to be confused with "Lettuce
Edge" on page 36). The upper looper thread and the lower looper thread gradually appear every 25 stitches to create a stitch that looks like a "Wave". When using different color specialty threads (pages 46/47)
for the upper or lower loopers, the Wave stitch creates an attractive stitch for edging.
When combining decorative threads for the Wave stitch, please sew test on a sample of the fabric you will
be sewing on before applying the Wave stitch to your garment.
For best results, heavier decorative threads should be limited to the upper or lower looper at one time. Not
both upper looper and lower looper at the same time. Wooly nylon in the corresponding looper and maxilock thread in the right needle will make a striking combination with the heavy decorative thread.
Converting from Normal Serging to Wave
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Turn the Wave Selector lever from "OVERLOCK to "WAVE".
Cut the threads from the thread cones and remove from the thread paths.
Engage the threading lever to the threading position (page 10).
Place the right needle thread cone on the far left spool pin.
Slip the right needle thread into the telescopic thread guide directly above the thread. Follow the left
needle threading path down to the right needle.
Thread the right needle using the needle threader set on "R" (page 12).
Place the upper looper thread cone on the 2nd from left spool pin.
Slip the upper looper thread into the telescopic thread guide directly above the thread. Follow the top
threading path for the right needle thread, down the front threading path, to the left of the chrome thread
guide, and directly to the "U" threading port for the upper looper (page 11).
Place the right needle thread and upper looper thread under the presser foot and to the back.
Place the lower looper thread cone on the 3rd from left spool pin.
Slip the lower looper thread into the telescopic thread guide directly above the thread, then slip the
thread into the lower looper telescopic thread guide to avoid the thread getting tangled while sewing.
Take the thread through the standard lower looper threading path to the "L" threading port for the lower
looper. Thread the lower looper (page 10).
Engage the threading lever to serging position.
Set Stitch Selector on "B" for Wave Stitch or "C" for Rolled Wave Stitch (page 34/35 for correct setting).
Set Stitch Length and Stitch Width following the illustration on page 34/35).
W
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W
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3-thread Wave Stitch
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Turn the Wave Selector lever from "OVERLOCK" to "WAVE".
Cut the threads from the thread cones and remove from the thread paths.
Engage the threading lever to threading position (page 10).
Place the right needle thread cone on the far left spool pin.
Slip the right needle thread into the telescopic thread guide directly above the thread. Follow the left
needle threading path down to the right needle.
Thread the right needle using the needle threader set on "R" (page 13).
Place the upper looper thread cone on the 2nd from left spool pin.
Slip the upper looper thread into the telescopic thread guide directly above the thread. Follow the top
threading path for the right needle thread, down the front threading path, to the left of the chrome thread
guide, and directly to the "U" threading port for the upper looper. Thread the upper looper (page 11).
Place the right needle thread and upper looper thread under the presser foot and to the back.
Place the lower looper thread cone on the 3rd from left spool pin.
Slip the lower looper thread into the telescopic thread guide directly above the thread, then slip the
thread into the lower looper telescopic thread guide to avoid the thread getting tangled while sewing.
Take the thread through the standard lower looper threading path to the "L" threading port for the lower
looper. Thread the lower looper (page 10).
Engage the threading lever to serging position.
Set Stitch Selector on "B" for Wave Stitch.
Set Stitch Length and Stitch Width following the illustration below.
NEEDLES
right
34
LENGTH
0.75-2.5
WIDTH
5.0
STITCH
SELECTOR
B
WAVE
SELECTOR
WAVE
3-Thread Rolled Wave Stitch
Turn the Wave Selector lever from "OVERLOCK" to "WAVE".
Cut the threads from the thread cones and remove from the thread paths.
Engage the threading lever to threading position (page 10).
Place the right needle thread cone on the far left spool pin.
Slip the right needle thread into the telescopic thread guide directly above the thread. Follow the left
needle threading path down to the right needle.
6. Thread the right needle using the needle threader set on "R" (page 13).
7. Place the upper looper thread cone on the 2nd from left spool pin.
8. Slip the upper looper thread into the telescopic thread guide directly above the thread. Follow the top
threading path for the right needle thread, down the front threading path, to the left of the chrome thread
guide, and directly to the "U" threading port for the upper looper. Thread the upper looper (page 11).
9. Place the right needle thread and upper looper thread under the presser foot and to the back.
10. Place the lower looper thread cone on the 3rd from left spool pin.
11. Slip the lower looper thread into the telescopic thread guide directly above the thread, then slip the
thread into the lower looper telescopic thread guide to avoid the thread getting tangled while sewing.
Take the thread through the standard lower looper threading path to the "L" threading port for the lower
looper. Thread the lower looper (page 10).
12. Engage the threading lever in the serging position.
13. Set Stitch Selector on "C" for Rolled Wave Stitch.
14. Set Stitch Length and Stitch Width following the illustration below.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
NEEDLES
right
LENGTH
0.75-1.5R
WIDTH
3.0-5.5
STITCH
SELECTOR
C
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WAVE
SELECTOR
WAVE
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Rolled Edging
To convert "ROLLED EDGE", please refer to page 23 to change the settings and threading.
Seaming Sheers
Use the 3-thread rolled hem setting when sewing sheer fabrics that otherwise would require French
seams. Set the stitch length at 2.5. Then simply sew the seams, aligning the fabric edges with the serger seam guide, trimming away the excess seam allowance.
Lettuce Edge
A
B
A frilly or "lettuce" edge can be created on most light and medium
weight stretch fabrics and on bias edges of soft, woven fabrics. It
makes a pretty decorative edging for activewear, lingerie, accessories and children's wear.
Set the machine for the 3-thread rolled edge (page 23).
C
Set differential feed at 0.6 (fig.B). Serge the fabric in the direction
of greatest stretch - the crossgrain on knits, bias grain on wovens.
For a "leafier" effect, try using a shorter stitch length and gently
stretch the fabric (fig.A) as it is being sewn. Sew a test sample
(fig.C).
Belt Loops and Button Loops
Use the rolled edge thread chain, stitched without fabric, to make
professional belt loops and button loops. Using a heavy decorative
thread in the upper looper forms a stronger loop.
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Returning to Standard Serging
Clear the stitch fingers and return the stitch length dial to the standard range. Set stitch width and length
at the desired settings. Replace the left needle and its corresponding thread, if desired.
Overedging
Overedging to finish facings, hems and seams before construction, is one of the most basic uses of a
serger, such as making a garment or project with 5/8 inch (16mm) pressed open seams (fig. A).
To overedge, place the single layer of fabric in front of the presser foot, aligning the cut edge with upper
cutting blade. Begin serging, continuing to guide the fabric along the blade. The edge of the fabric should
be trimmed, but not cut away. Then sew the seams on your conventional sewing machine and press them
open as usual (fig. B).
Because notches would be cut away in this process, mark them before serging with "V" snips just inside the
seam allowance or with a water-soluble fabric marker (fig. C).
Note: A 2-thread overlock or 3-thread overlock can also be used with this technique.
A
B
C
Seaming
A
For garments or projects that do not require conventional pressedopen seams, you can stitch and finish the seam in one operation
and then press the seams to one side (fig. A). A 4 or 3-thread
seam is strong, yet it provides "give" or flexibility according to the
needs of the fabric.
Place two layers of fabric right sides together. Use the marks on
your serger's front cover to align the fabric for the desired seam
width. Keep your eye on the fabric edge to guide it to the
appropriate mark (fig. B).
B
Do not watch the needle. If you guide the fabric accurately, the
needle will seam in the correct place automatically.
Note: For most seaming, pins are unnecessary because the
serger feeds the fabric evenly. If you need pins, place the pins
parallel to the seam line outside the seam allowance to avoid
damaging the blades.
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Front Cover Seam Guide
Use the marks on your serger's front cover and set the width dial
at "M" to align the fabric for accurate seam allowances.
When using the left needle, the second mark "L" from the needle
indicate 5/8 inch (16mm) from the cutting edge to the needle.
Use the right needle and the third mark "R" from the needle to indicate 5/8 inch (16mm) from the cutting edge to the needle.
Note: Be sure to set the width dial at the "M" setting for accurate
seam allowances.
LR
5/8 inch
5/8 inch
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Securing Ends
The serger stitch will not unravel readily, and in most cases serged
seams are secured by an intersecting seam. If that's not the case,
there are several options for securing a seam (fig. A).
A
B
C
D
E
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1. Leave a 3 inch (7.5cm) chain, separate the threads and tie a knot.
2. Apply a dot of seam sealant on the thread chain at the fabric edge.
Allow to dry and cut off the excess thread chain.
3. Leave a 3-4 inch (7.5-10cm) thread chain and use a large-eye
tapestry needle or double-eye needle to weave the chain back
into the stitching.
4. Lock the beginning or end of a seam by serging over the previous stitches.
To lock the beginning of the seam:
1. Manually turn the handwheel toward you taking 2-3 stitches into
the fabric. Leave the needle(s) in the lowest position to anchor
the fabric.
2. Raise the presser foot.
3. Smooth out the thread chain with your fingers (fig. B). Then bring
the chain around and under the foot, so that it aligns with the edge
of the fabric (fig. C).
4. Lower the foot and continue sewing, catching the thread chain in
the stitches for about 1inch (2.5cm). Let the blades cut off any
remaining thread chain (fig. D-E).
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Securing Ends (Cont.)
To lock the end of the seam:
1. Take one stitch off the end of the seam (fig. A).
2. Raise the presser foot and bring the needle(s) to the highest
position. Pull back gently on the fabric to clear the stitch
fingers.
3. Turn the fabric over with the wrong side of the stitch facing up
(fig. B), and reposition it under the presser foot with the needle at the seam edge, aligned with the previous needle line
(fig. C).
4. Lower presser foot and sew 5-6 stitches over the previous
stitches, being careful not to cut them. You may want to flip
the cutting blade lock switch clockwise to the lock position.
Pivot the fabric and chain off, (fig. D-E).
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B
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Turning Outside Corners
A
1. Stitch along one edge until you reach the corner. Take
one stitch off the edge of the fabric (fig. A). (As you
approach the edge, you may want to stop and manually
turn the handwheel towards you.)
2. Raise the needle(s) to the highest position.
3. Clear the stitch fingers, and rotate the fabric to reposition
the needle at the previous row of stitching (fig. B). Gently
pull up on all threads to remove slack and resume
stitching (fig. C).
Note: A loose thread loop at the corner is caused by too
much slack in the needle thread when clearing the stitch
fingers. Try again, turning corners takes a little practice!
B
C
Turning Inside Corners
A
1. Reinforce loosely woven fabrics at the corner with
staystitching on the conventional sewing machine. Clip to
the corner (fig. A).
2. Align the fabric edge with the blade, and stitch until the
blade reaches the corner, not the needles. Don't cut into
the corner (fig. B).
3. Lower the needle(s) to anchor the fabric.
4. Raise the presser foot and straighten out the fabric edge,
forming a fabric pleat at the corner (fig. C).
5. Be sure the marked stitching line is straight, then continue serging the remaining edge. When done correctly, the
pleat will disappear after stitching (fig. D).
B
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C
D
Serging Curves
To serge around inside or outside curves, guide the fabric into the cutting blade, not the needle(s).
Remember, cutting takes place before the fabric reaches the needle. Because the long serger presser foot
holds the fabric more securely, you may need to raise and lower the presser foot several times to maneuver around very tight curves.
Inserting Tapes
The slot in the standard presser foot is designed to guide stabilizing
tape, narrow elastic or decorative ribbon into the stitching. Insert tape
or elastic into the slot and under the back of the foot (fig. A). Adjust the
stitch width to match the tape width. Place the fabric under the foot
and stitch (fig. B).
A
B
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Using Specialty Threads
Beautiful stitches can be formed by serging with specialty threads, cords and ribbons. These heavier or
shinier threads can be used to enhance appearance, add strength or elasticity, or create special effects,
depending on the thread you choose.
Some specialty threads work well through the needle and loopers. There are some that are too heavy for
the needle and should only be used in the loopers.
Use the Specialty Thread chart on pages 46/47 as a guide keeping in mind that the threads can vary from
one manufacturer to another. It is best to sew test for best results.
Note: Thicker threads require longer stitch length.
Threading Lightweight Thread
Specialty thread used in the needle can be threaded in the usual way. The ease with which they can be
threaded in the loopers, however, depends on thread thickness.
Changing Threads
A
1. Clip the existing thread at the cone and remove the cone
from the spindle (fig.A).
2. Place the new cone on the spindle. With the two threads
together, tie an overhand knot or square knot (fig.B).
3. Raise the presser foot, and pull the old thread from under the
foot until the new thread comes through the machine.
Note: When changing a needle thread, pull the thread through
until it reaches the needle eye. Then clip off the knot (fig.C) and
rethread the needle eye manually or with the needle threader.
B
C
Threading Medium Weight Thread
Medium weight threads, including topstitching thread, Decor rayon and stretch nylon thread, are too bulky
to form a knot that would fit through the threading port, but they can slip through the hole with the aid of a
thread "cradle" made from regular serger thread (page 43).
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Thread Cradle for Loopers
1. Open the front cover and raise the presser foot.
2. At the threading port, clip the looper thread that is to be replaced.
(fig.A) Remove thread from under the foot and the upper thread
guides. Replace cone of thread with specialty thread.
3. With the threading lever engaged in the threading position (fig. B)
turn handwheel towards you to close looper tubes (fig. C).
4. Thread specialty thread into the upper thread guides, leaving an
18 inch (40cm) tail above the threading port (fig.D).
5. Cut a 24 inch (55cm) strand of serger thread and fold in half to
form a thread cradle. Insert the loose ends of the thread cradle
into the port about 1 inch (2.5cm).
6. Holding the cradle loop with your left hand, depress the "Push to
Thread" Button with your right hand (fig.E) until the thread ends
come out the looper eye. For chain looper, open side door of
machine to make sure thread is in eye of chain looper.
7. Insert the specialty thread tail into the cradle loop (fig.F), pull the
serger thread ends until the specialty thread comes through the
looper eye (fig.G). Discard or set aside the thread cradle.
8. Run upper looper thread under the foot and to the left, cut lower
looper thread to 4 inches (10cm) and leave it hanging loose.
A
B
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Looper Threading Tool
A
B
1. Open the front cover and raise the presser foot.
2. At the threading port, cut the looper thread that is to be
replaced. Remove thread from under the foot and the upper
thread guides. Replace cone of thread with specialty thread.
3. With machine engaged in threading position.
4. Thread specialty thread into the upper thread guides, leaving
an 18 inch (45cm) tail above the threading port.
5. Place the straight end of the looper threading tool into the
threading port. Push the looper threading tool until the end
comes out of the looper eye.
6. Insert the specialty thread tail into the looper threading tool eye
(fig.A). Pull the straight end of the looper threading tool
through the looper eye bringing the specialty thread with it.
(fig.B)
Bypassing the Threading Port
Heavy weight threads can be used through your regular looper thread paths. Specific techniques may require that the
thread bypass the thread port for the thread pull to be loosened.
Start with the machine threaded with regular serger thread.
1. Open front cover and raise the presser foot.
2. Just above the threading port, clip the looper thread to be
replaced. Pull the thread out of the upper guides and remove
the cone.
3. Place the specialty thread on the spool pin. Thread it into the
upper guides and clip it a couple of inches beyond the base
plate (fig. A).
4. With machine engaged in the serging position, hold the
thread end at the looper eye and use the tweezers to pull the
existing looper thread out of tube extending from the threading mechanism (fig. B). Leave the thread in the tubular looper.
5. Tie the specialty thread onto the regular thread with an overhand knot (fig. C). Pull on the regular thread from the looper eye until the specialty thread comes through the looper
eye.
6. Place upper looper thread under the foot and to the left: clip
lower looper thread at the base plate.
If the thread is heavy and the overhand knot (step #5) is too
large for the looper tube, (follow directions #1 thru #6 on
page 43) to make a thread cradle. Then:
A
B
C
1. Engage in the serging position.
2. While holding the loose ends of the thread cradle with one
hand, use the tweezers to pull the cradle loop out of the tube
extending from the threading mechanism with the other
hand.
3. Insert 2 inch(5cm) of your decorative thread into the cradle
loop. Pull on the loose ends of the thread cradle from the
looper eye until the specialty thread comes through the looper eye.
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Specialty Thread Guide Chart
APPLICATION
Machine Embroidery
Metallic Threads
Edging or flatlock
Soft stretchy seams on Decorative edges for
clothing, gift items,
seaming for sportswear lingerie, swimwear,
and home décor items. active wear, and for home décor, etc.
rolled edge stitch.
4-Thread Seaming
Yes
Yes
Yes
For exposed edges
only
3-Thread Seaming
Yes
Yes
Yes
For exposed
only
2-Thread Flatlock
Yes
Yes
Yes
In lower looper
4-Thread Edging
Yes
Yes
Yes
3-Thread Edging
Yes
Yes
Yes
Use in upper looper
only
Yes
Use in upper looper
only
3-Thread
Rolled Edge
3-Thread Wave
edges
In upper or lower looper. In upper or lower looper. In upper or lower looper.
Not in both loopers at Not in both loopers at Not in both loopers at
once
once
once
In upper or lower
looper.
Or both loopers
In upper or lower
looper.
Or both loopers
3-Thread
Rolled Wave
Use in upper looper
only
Blanket Stitch
In needle only
In lower looper
Not recommended
Ladder Stitch
In needle only
In lower looper
In needle only
COMMENTS
46
Woolly Nylon
Thread
Topstitching
Buttonhole Twist
When using decorative Can be used in the
thread in the needle needle
use a size 90 Top
Stitch needle for best
results.
Varies greatly with
manufacturer. Avoid
thread with coarse
metal fibers.
Sew test before sewing
on project.
Specialty Thread Guide Chart (Cont.)
Clear Nylon
Monofilament
Machine Embroidery
Threads: Rayon and
Polyester, 30, 40, 50
weight.
Lingerie Thread
Designer 6
Pearl Crown Rayon
Candlelight
Jeans Stitch
Ribbon Thread
Techniques
requiring the thread
to be invisible such as
blind hemming
Lingerie and lightweight
fabrics, edging of fine
fabrics, delicate rolled
hems.
Decorative edging, flatlocking, rolled hem,
wave stitch, rolled wave
stitch, etc.
4-Thread
Seaming
Not recommended
Lingerie thread for
seams.
Not recommended
for seaming
3-Thread
Seaming
Blind hemming
Lingerie thread for
seams.
Not recommended
for seaming
2-Thread
Flatlock
Blind hemming
Lingerie thread for
seams.
Use in the lower looper
4-Thread
Edging
Not recommended
Machine embroidery
thread only.
Use in the upper and
lower loopers.
3-Thread
Edging
Not recommended
Machine embroidery
thread only.
Use in the upper and
lower loopers.
Lengthen stitch slightly
Machine embroidery
thread in upper looper
Use in the upper looper
only
Machine embroidery
thread in the upper and
lower loopers.
Use in the upper looper
or lower looper. Not
both loopers at once.
Use in the upper looper
only
APPLICATION
3-Thread
Rolled Edge
3-Thread
Wave
Not recommended
3-Thread
Rolled Wave
Not recommended
Machine embroidery
thread in the upper
looper.
Not recommended
Not recommended
Blanket Stitch
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(Excluding Ribbon Thread)
Use in the needle only
with a size 90
Top Stitch needle
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(Excluding Ribbon Thread)
Ladder Stitch
Not recommended
Not recommended
Use in the needle only
with a size 90
Top Stitch needle
(Excluding Ribbon Thread)
COMMENTS
Make sure to use a soft
pliable monofilament
thread
Sew at a slower speed.
Use thread nets to
prevent the thread from
falling off the spool and
getting tangled.
Be sure to check the
recommendations
above for best results.
Sew test before applying to the project.
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Replacing Needles
Needle insert tool
A
1. Raise the needle to the highest position by turning the
handwheel toward you.
2. Using the screwdriver from the accessory pouch, loosen the
needle screw for the needle to be changed. "L" screw for the
left needle and "R" screw for the right needle as shown in (fig.
A).
Note: To prevent the needle from falling into the needle plate,
hold it with the needle insert tool as you loosen the needle
screw. (fig. A)
3. Use the needle insert tool or tweezers to insert the new
needle with the flat side to the back. Insert the needle as far
as it will go. Check the needle viewing window. (fig. A)
4. Tighten the needle screw.
Note: If you do drop a needle down into the machine just pull
out the needle-drop drawer at the bottom of the serger. The
needle will be on the drawer. (fig. B)
Needle-drop drawer
B
Replacing Cutting Blades
The lower fixed blade is made of a special long lasting steel and
does not require frequent replacement. If necessary, contact
your nearest Baby Lock retailer for replacement of this blade.
The upper moving blade is made of a softer steel material and
will require replacement. A spare blade is provided with the
machine for replacement if necessary. The spare blade is located in the thread spool stand accessory compartment.
A
If for some reason your machine does not cut or perform as it
should, please take your machine to your nearest Baby Lock
retailer. It is possible that the result of poor cutting may indicate
other problems.
1mm
B
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C
To replace the upper moving blade, follow below instructions.
1. For safety reasons, unplug main power cord.
2. Open front cover and cutting blade cover (fig. A). Remove
presser foot.
3. Turn handwheel so upper moving blade is in its highest
position.
4. Remove screw and upper blade. (fig.B)
5. Insert new blade into blade slot.
6. Insert screw and hold moving blade in its highest position
while tightening the screw.
7. To finalize position of upper blade, turn handwheel so that the
moving blade is in it's lowest position. Loosen the screw so
that the moving blade can be lowered to 1mm overlap of the
top of the fixed blade (fig. C). Tighten the screw.
8. Close cutting blade cover and front cover. Replace the
presser foot
9. Rotate the handwheel one turn to ensure smooth operation of
the machine.
Cleaning
Your Baby Lock will operate at best performance if it is kept clean at all times. The serger's cutting action
creates much more lint than you will find on conventional sewing machine.
Your serger's major moving parts are well protected and do not need to be oiled.
However, we recommend that you use the cleaning brush often during garment construction in order to keep
lint off the blades, the needle bar, the feed dog mechanism and loopers. If machine needs to be oiled, check
with your nearest Baby Lock retailer for use of high grade recommended sewing machine oil.
TO REMOVE NEEDLE PLATE PROCEED AS FOLLOW:
1. For safety reasons, unplug main power cord.
2. Raise and remove presser foot.
3. Select stitch length dial to rolled hem setting.
4. Remove needles from needle clamp.
5. Turn your handwheel until the upper looper is in the far right position.
6. To remove the needle plate, remove front screw with screwdriver and back screw with allen wrench
(fig. A).
7. With your right hand, first raise the needle plate in front of the blade. Pull slightly to the right, then remove
to the left.
8. Replace in reverse procedure.
9. Finally, position the needle plate so that the needles lower in the center of each hole on the needle plate
(fig.B). Then tighten both screws.
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Replacing LED Lighting
Your Baby Lock Enlighten is equipped with long-life LED lighting system, which is not necessary to change
bulbs.
In case of replacing LED unit, please contact your authorized Baby Lock dealer.
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Troubleshooting
Before taking your machine in for service, check the following:
Machine fails to start:
1. Are electrical plugs properly connected?
2. Is the power switch on?
3. Check household circuit breaker or fuse.
4. Is the lock button release lever in the unlocked position?
Thread breaks:
1. Is the machine threaded correctly? Check each thread path carefully.
2. Is the needle inserted correctly?
3. Is the needle bent and worn?
4. Is the stitch selector on the proper setting?
5. Are you using good quality thread?
6. Is the thread feeding off the cone/spool freely?
7. Is the needle size correct for the type of fabric being used?
8. Are the needles being used the correct Organ or Schmetz HAx1SP/CR system?
Skipped Stitches:
1. Is the needle bent or worn?
2. Is the needle inserted correctly?
3. Is the serger threaded correctly?
4. Is the presser foot pressure right for the fabric?
5. Is the correct needle being used for the particular stitch?
6. Is the correct needle being used for the type of fabric being sewn?
7. Is the fabric being pulled from the rear of the machine while sewing?
Fabric will not feed in machine:
1. Is the machine engaged in the serging position?
2. Is the presser foot down?
3. Are the cutting blades sharp?
4. Are the cutting blades, presser foot, and feed dogs free of lint?
5. Are the cutting blades properly set and is the upper blade against the lower blade?
6. Is the presser foot pressure right for the fabric?
7. Is the stitch length set properly?
8. Is the needle plate secure on the machine?
Stitch is Unbalanced:
1. Is the serger threaded correctly?
2. Is the stitch selector on the proper setting?
3. Is the thread well seated in the thread slots?
4. Is the looper thread fine-tuning screw positioned correctly?
Note: If you change the position of the looper thread fine-tuning screw and stitch is unbalanced, return the
screw to the standard position and recheck the stitch (page 13 for illustration).
50
Troubleshooting (Cont.)
Needle threading difficulties:
1. Is the needle threader selector at the appropriate setting?("R" for right needle, "L" for left needle.)
2. Is the machine in the locked position?
Looper threading difficulties:
1. Is the machine engaged in the threading position?
2. Is the looper threader selector at the appropriate setting?(Left threading port for "U" upper looper, right
threading port for "L" lower looper.)
3. Is the thread end in the proper threading port?
4. Is at least 1/2 inch (1.2cm) of the thread end in the threading port?
5. Is there at least 18 inches (45cm) of loose thread beyond the thread guide above the threading port?
6. Is there a kink or twist in the 18 inch (45cm) of thread to restrict the flow into the threading port?
7. Is the thread restricted from going through the loopers?
Poor Cutting:
1. Are the cutting blade(s) dull?
2. Have you sewn over a straight pin?
3. Is the cutting blade in the locked position?
4. Have the cutting blades been improperly replaced?
5. Is the fabric being pulled from the rear of the machine while sewing?
Wave Stitch is not forming correctly:
1. Is the machine threaded correctly? Check each thread path carefully.
2. Is the machine set for 3-Thread Wave sewing?
3. Is the Wave Selector set on "WAVE"?
4. For rolled wave edging, is the stitch length dial set for "ROLLED HEM" ?
5. Is the Stitch Selector set correctly? Set the Stitch Selector at "B" for 3-Thread Wave Stitch or "C" for 3Thread Rolled Wave Stitch.
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Dos and Don'ts
1. Always be aware of the needle's up-and-down movement, and do not turn your attention from the
machine while it is running.
2. When changing the needle, the presser foot or any other parts, always disconnect the machine by turning the power switch to OFF.
3. Do not place anything on the foot control, or the machine will start inadvertently and the foot control or
motor can burn out.
4. When using your serger for the first time, place a fabric scrap under the presser foot and run the
machine without thread for a few minutes. Wipe away any oil that appears.
5. Do not pull fabric from the rear of the machine. Such action can damage the machine.
6. To prevent possible injury, always avoid body contact with any moving parts and the machine mechanism.
7. NEVER sew over pins.
Special Caution: Unplug the power cord from the electrical outlet when the machine is not in use.
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Technical Data
Stitch Types:
2 needles, 2 loopers:
4-Thread Overlock
1 needle (left or right), 2 loopers
3-Thread Overlock (wide, narrow, and narrow hem)
3-Thread Flatlock (wide and narrow) right needle only
3-Thread Rolled Edge
3-Thread Wave
3-Thread Rolled Wave
1 needle (left or right), 1 looper
2-Thread Flatlock (wide and narrow)
2-Thread Blanket Stitch
2-Thread Ladder Stitch
Stitch Width:
Stitch Width
Standard 2/3/4 - thread with left needle:
5.0 - 7.5mm
Standard 2/3/4 - thread with right needle
3-Thread Wave Stitch with right needle
3.0 - 5.5mm
3-Thread Rolled Edge
1.5mm
Stitch Length:
Stitch Length:
2/3/4 Thread Overlock Stitch: 0.75-4mm
3-Thread Rolled Edge: 0.75-4mm
52
Differential Feed:
Gathering effect: N-2
Stretching effect: N-0.6
Presser Foot:
Snap-on serger feet
Handwheel:
Rotates forward
Needle System:
Organ or Schmetz HA x 1SP/CR
Sewing Speed:
Up to 1500 s.p.m
Machine Weight:
8.5KG/19lbs.
Light System:
3 LED Lights
Chart for Stitch Selection Settings
Stitch Type
Stitch
Length
Stitch
Width
Needle
Stitch
Selector
Differential
Feed
Wave
Selector
Page
4-Thread
Overlock
2.5-3.5
6.0-7.5
Left
+
Right
A
N
O
19
A
2.0
O
17
4-Thread
Gathering
4
6.0-7.5
Left
+
Right
3-Thread
Overlock
Wide
2-3
7.5
Left
A
N
O
20
3.0-3.5
3.0-3.5
Right
B
N
O
21
3-Thread
Narrow
Hem
0.75-4.0R
3.0
Right
C
N-0.6
O
22
3-Thread
Rolled
edge
0.75-4.0R
3.5
Right
D
N-0.6
O
23
Narrow
3-Thread
Flatlock
2-3
3.0-5.0
Right
D
N
O
24
2-Thread
Flatlock
Wide
2-2.5
7.5
Left
A
N
O
26
3-3.5
3.5
Right
B
N
O
27
Narrow
3-Thread
Wave Stitch
0.75-2.5
5.0
Right
B
N
W
34
3-Thread
Rolled Wave
0.75-1.5R
3.0-5.0
Right
C
N
W
35
This change indicates the suggested range of settings for each stitch category. Make
adjustments to the stitch length and width settings according to fabric weight and thread
type.
C
H
A
R
T
F
O
R
S
T
I
T
C
H
S
E
L
E
C
T
I
O
N
S
E
T
T
I
N
G
S
53
EI-31(2)-E
BLE3ATW-2TA