EPSON Expression 1600
Scanner Parts
document cover
carriage (in the home
position)
Effective pixels
13600 × 18720 pixels at 1600 dpi, 100%
scaling
Color depth
36-bit internal/36-bit external
Grayscale depth
12-bit internal/12-bit external
Optical density
3.3 Dmax
Maximum
document size
US letter size or A4
(8.5 × 11.7 inches
[216 × 297 mm])
Up to legal size if using the automatic
document feeder
(The reading area can be specified from
software.)
Optical resolution 1600 dpi
Maximum
hardware
resolution*
ERROR light
READY light
*
OPERATE button
OPTION connector
transportation lock
SCSI terminator switch
option interface slot
Speed (1600 dpi,
draft mode)
SCSI interface connectors
Scanner Specifications
Basic Specifications
Flatbed, color
Photoelectric
device
Color CCD line sensor
Color: 9.2 ms/line (approx.)
Grayscale: 3.1 ms/line (approx.)
Line Art: 3.1 ms/line (approx.)
Color separation
RGB color filters on CCD
Command level
ESC/I-B8
Zoom
50% to 200% in 1% increments
Pixel depth
Color: 12 bits per pixel input, 1 to 12 bits
per pixel output
Grayscale: 12 bits per pixel input, 12 bits
per pixel output (8 bits per pixel output
can be selected in TWAIN Pro)
Line Art: 1 bit per pixel
Brightness
7 levels
Line art settings
Fixed threshold
TET (Text Enhancement Technology,
enable/disable selectable)
The EPSON Expression 1600 is a 36-bit professional graphics
scanner designed to deliver superior results for artists, graphics
professionals, and business graphics users.
Scanner type
12800 × 12800 dpi with interpolation
Reading sequence Monochrome: One-pass scanning
Color byte sequence: One-pass scanning
(R, G, B)
Color line sequence: One-pass scanning
(R, G, B)
USB connector
AC inlet
The maximum hardware resolution of 1600 × 3200 dpi is achieved
using EPSON’s Micro Step™ Drive technology.
Maximum
software
resolution
SCSI ID switch
1600 dpi (main scan) × 3200 dpi
(sub scan)
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EPSON Expression 1600 - 2
EPSON Expression 1600
Digital halftoning AAS (Auto Area Segmentation, enable/
disable selectable)
3 halftoning modes (A, B, and C) and
4 dither patterns (A, B, C, and D) for
bi-level and quad-level data
2 user-defined dither patterns (A, B)
Environmental
Gamma correction 2 types for CRT display
3 types for printer
1 type for user-defined
Humidity (without
condensation)
Operating
10% to 80%
Standby
10% to 85%
Color correction
Interfaces
1 type for CRT display
3 types for printer output (available in
color byte sequence mode and color line
sequence mode)
1 type user-defined (only user-defined
color correction is available for EPSON
TWAIN Pro
Operating
conditions
White cold cathode fluorescent lamp
(Xenon)
Reliability
MCBF 100,000 cycles of carriage
movements (main unit)
Dimensions
Width: 13.0 inches (332 mm)
Depth: 22.1 inches (562 mm)
Height: 5.3 inches (134 mm)
Safety standards
Safety standards
CE marking
Input voltage range 100 to 200 VAC—90 to 132 VAC
220 to 240 VAC—198 to 264 VAC;
autoswitching
Low Voltage
Directive
73/23/EEC
Rated current
100 to 120 VAC—0.8 A
220 to 240 VAC—0.4 A
Power
consumption
EMC Directive
89/336/EEC
Operating
Approximately 30 W (approximately
50 W with TPU or ADF
Standby
Approximately 10 W (without TPU or
ADF)
Check the label on the back of the scanner for voltage information.
3 - EPSON Expression 1600
UL 1950 with D3
CSA C22.2 No. 950 with D3
EMC FCC part 15 subpart B class B
(USA)
CSA C108.8 class B (Canada)
230 V
Electrical
50 to 60 Hz
Ordinary office or home conditions; avoid
dust, direct sunlight, or strong light. Be sure
the outlet provides enough power.
120 V
Approx. 18.7 lb (8.5 kg)
Rated frequency
Operating
41 to 95 °F (5 to 35 °C)
Standby
–13 to 140 °F (–25 to 60 °C)
Safety Approvals
Two SCSI 2 (Micro DB50 connectors)
USB (Type B receptacle connector)
Optional IEEE 1394 (FireWire)
Light source
Weight
Temperature
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EN 60950 (VDE)
EMC EN 55022 (CISPR Pub 22) class B
AS/NZS 3548 class B
EN60950
EN 55022 Class B
EN 61000-3-2
EN 61000-3-3
EN 50082-1
IEC 801-2
IEC 801-3
IEC 801-4
EPSON Expression 1600
SCSI Interface
Option Interface Connector
Interface type
ANSI X3T9.2/375R Revision 10L
(SCSI 2)
Interface type
Functions
BUS FREE phase
ARBITRATION phase
SELECTION/RESELECTION phase
COMMAND phase
(the Logical Unit Number is fixed at 0
and the Command Link Function
is not supported)
DATA phase
DATA IN phase
DATA OUT phase
STATUS phase
MESSAGE phase
MESSAGE IN phase
MESSAGE OUT phase
ATTENTION condition
RESET condition
For use with the optional automatic
document feeder (B813162) or
transparency unit (B813182)
Output voltage
21.6 to 26.4 VDC
4.75 to 5.25 VDC
Output current
0.6 A (24 V)
0.3 A (5 V)
Logic level
Initialization methods
SCSI
Scanner is turned on or receives a SCSI
Reset signal from the SCSI interface
(hardware initialization).
Scanner receives a SCSI Bus Device
message or an Esc @ command from the
software (software initialization)
USB
Scanner is turned on or USB cable is
unplugged from the USB port on the
scanner (hardware initialization)
Scanner receives a Bus Reset from the
USB interface, or an Esc @ command
from the software (software initialization)
TTL compatible
Electrical standard ANSI X3T9.2/375R Revision 10L
(SCSI-2)
ID Setting
Selectable from 0 to 7 (factory setting: 2);
asterisk (*) setting is only used when
transporting scanner
Terminator
Internal terminator selectable (enable/
disable)
Connector type
Optional Transparency Unit (B813182)
The transparency unit allows you to scan positive and negative
transparent materials —35 mm slides, 35 mm filmstrips, and
film or documents up to 8.5 × 11.7 inches in size. In addition
to four film guides, it comes with a reflective document mat
that allows you to alternate between scanning transparent
materials and normal reflective (paper) documents.
Two Micro DB-50 connectors
Connector pin arrangement
25
1
General
Dimensions
Width: 12.8 inches (324 mm)
Depth: 21.3 inches (540 mm)
Height: 3.6 inches (92 mm)
USB Interface
Weight
11 lb (5 kg)
Interface type
Maximum
read area
8.5 × 11.7 inches (216 × 297 mm)
Reliability
MCBF 100,000 cycles
50
26
Universal Serial Bus Specification
Revision 1.0
Electrical standard Full speed mode (12MB) of Universal
Serial Bus Specification Revision 1.0
Connector type
One receptacle (Type B)
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EPSON Expression 1600 - 4
EPSON Expression 1600
Electrical
Power supply
Power
consumption
Document
specifications
Supplied from the scanner:
21.6 to 26.4 VDC
4.7 to 5.25 VDC
Ejecting capacity
100 sheets
Multiple sizes
Unavailable; all documents in the stack
must be the same size
Connector
15-pin DIN male
Reliability
Load/eject: 100,000 sheets (MCBF)
Hinge: 30,000 cycles (MCBF)
0.6 A
0.1A
Electrical
Transparencies up to 8.5 × 11.7 inches
(negative film, positive film)
35 mm strip film (negative, positive)
35 mm slides (positive)
Brownie size strip film
Power supply
Power
consumption
Environmental
Temperatures
Operating
41 to 95 °F (5 to 35 °C)
Standby
−4 to 140 °F (−20 to 60 °C)
Approximately 22 W
Insulation resistance: 10 mΩ or more at
500 VDC (between AC line and chassis)
Dielectric strength: 1000 VAC per minute
(between AC line and chassis)
Resistance to static
electric noise:
Casing: 10 kV
Metal: 7 kV
Humidity (without
condensation)
Operating
10% to 80%
Standby
10% to 85%
Operating
conditions
Supplied by the scanner:
22.8 to 25.2 VDC
4.75 to 5.25 VDC
Environmental
Temperatures
Ordinary office or home conditions; avoid
extreme dust, operation under direct
sunlight, and strong light sources.
Operating
50 to 89 °F (10 to 32 °C)
Standby
−4 to 140 °F (–20 to 60 °C)
Humidity (without
condensation)
Operating
20% to 80%
Standby
95% or less
Optional Auto Document Feeder
(B813162)
Operating
conditions
The auto document feeder allows you to automatically load
multi-page documents into your scanner.
Ordinary office or home conditions; avoid
extreme dust, direct sunlight, and strong
light.
General
Dimensions
Document Specifications
Width: 12.2 inches (310 mm)
Depth: 20.9 (528 mm)
Height: 3.6 inches (92 mm)
Size
Letter, Legal, A4, B5, 3 × 6 inch (checksize)
Weight
9.9 lb (4.5 kg)
Thickness
0.0028 to 0.0063 inch (0.07 to 0.16 mm)
Feeder type
Sheet through, face up loading, face down
ejecting, roller friction
Weight
99.2 to 242.5 lb (45 to 110 kg)
Paper quality
High-quality bond or thermal paper, ink
jet paper (fine and super-fine)
Document type
Documents printed with impact printers,
laser printers, or facsimile machines
Document feeding Pages are center aligned, fed face up from
the top of the stack, ejected face down
Feeder capacity
30 sheets of 21 lb (80 g/m2) paper; Letter,
A4 or smaller
5 - EPSON Expression 1600
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EPSON Expression 1600
Don’t use the following paper types:
transparencies, tracing paper, coated paper
(such as photo quality and glossy paper), labels,
multipart forms, carbon paper, or paper with
staples, holes, rips, curls, or folds.
Scanner indicator lights
Optional IEEE 1394 FireWire® Scanner
Interface Card (B808342)
Color
Scanner status
READY
N
Green
Ready to scan images
F (flashing)
Green
Scanning in progress
N
Red
An error has occurred
F (rapidly flashing)
N = on, O = off, F = flashing
Interface type
Scanner buttons
IEEE 1394-1995 compatible
Data transfer
method
Half-duplex Data/Strobe differential serial
Synchronization
method
Clock synchronization with DS-Link
Encoding/
decoding
DS-Link
Logic level
3.3 V
Power class
Power class code 100
No power supply from external sources
Fitted with a repeat function with bus
power
P Operate
Turns the scanner on and off.
Automatically launches a ] Start button-compatible
application. You must set up your scanner software
and a compatible application to use this feature with
any application other than Presto! PageManager.
Error conditions
The scanner has two indicator lights and two buttons. Light
status and button functions are described in the tables below.
Start button
Function
If you installed Presto! PageManager, it’s
automatically assigned to the ] Start button. You can
set up Presto! PageManager to scan your image
automatically and send it directly to another application
or a peripheral device, such as a printer.
IEEE 1394-1995 compatible
READY light
Button
] Start
Lights and Buttons
ERROR light
Light status
ERROR
General
Compatible
connectors
Light
ERROR light
READY light
Error type
N
N
Command error: The scanner has
received incorrect commands from
the scanning software. Try rescanning.
F
O
Interface error: Make sure the scanner
is securely connected to the
computer, and then turn the scanner
off and back on again.
F
F
Fatal error: Make sure the
transportation lock is released, and
then turn the scanner off and back on
again.
O
O
Option error: There’s a problem with
the TPU or ADF unit. Make sure the
TPU or ADF is flat against the
document table. Make sure your
option is securely connected to the
OPTION connector at the back of the
scanner. Finally, make sure the ADF
isn’t out of paper and doesn’t have a
paper jam.
N = on, O = off, F = flashing
Operate button
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EPSON Expression 1600 - 6
EPSON Expression 1600
For example, if you’re running Windows and using
Photoshop LE as your host application, click File, Import,
Select TWAIN_32 Source. In the Select Source dialog box,
select EPSON TWAIN Pro(32-bit) (or EPSON TWAIN Pro
Network). Then click Select.
Transporting the Scanner
When you transport the scanner a long distance or store it for
an extended time, follow the steps below to secure the
carriage:
If you have a Macintosh, click File, Import, Twain Select.
In the Select a source dialog box, choose EPSON TWAIN
Pro (or EPSON TWAIN Pro Network) and click OK.
1. Make sure the transportation lock on the back of the
scanner is in the UNLOCK position.
2. Locate the SCSI ID rotary switch on the back of the
scanner. Align the dot on the switch with the asterisk (*)
setting.
3. Start the scanner software. For example, choose Import
from Photoshop LE’s File menu.
In Windows, select TWAIN_32. On a Macintosh, select
TWAIN_Acquire. The EPSON TWAIN Pro main window
3. If you’re using a transparency unit or auto document feeder,
remove it and replace the scanner cover.
appears.
4. Turn on the scanner and wait until the carriage moves to
the home position (toward the back of the scanner). Then
turn off the scanner.
4. Choose the Document Source, Image Type, and
Destination.
For example, if you’re scanning a photograph, select
Flatbed as your Document Source, 24-bit Color (Std) as
your Image Type, and EPSON Stylus Printer (Photo) as
the Destination, if you’re sending the scanned image to an
EPSON inkjet printer. If you’re using the optional
transparency unit, select TPU for Neg. Film or TPU for
Pos. Film as your Document Source. If you’re using the
optional automatic document feeder, select Auto
Document Feeder as your Document Source.
5. Slide the transportation lock to the LOCK position.
If the carriage doesn’t automatically return to the home
position, slowly raise the front of the scanner and hold it up
until the carriage comes to rest in the home position. Then
slide the transportation lock to the LOCK position.
Transporting the Transparency Unit
After you’ve removed the transparency unit from the scanner,
prepare it for shipping as follows:
Select the
Document
Source, Image
Type, and
Destination.
1. Slowly raise the front of the transparency unit to allow the
lamp assembly to slide to the back of the unit. Wait until
the lamp assembly comes to rest.
2. Reinstall the transparency unit’s shipping screw in the hole
marked CLAMP.
Scanning with EPSON TWAIN Pro
Click the
Preview
button.
Here is a brief overview of the scanning steps using EPSON
TWAIN Pro (or EPSON TWAIN Pro Network). The
Macintosh interface is shown; the Windows steps are the
same.
1. Start your host application (for example, Adobe®
Photoshop® LE).
2. Select EPSON TWAIN Pro (or EPSON TWAIN Pro
Network) as your scanner driver.
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EPSON Expression 1600
5. Click the Preview button. You see a preview of your scan in
the window that opens.
Here are some recommended settings for different types of
scans.
Image type
Click to define
the scan area
automatically.
Click to
automatically set
the highlight,
midtones, and
shadow exposure.
A dotted marquee
frames the area to
be scanned.
Auto Locate button to automatically define
6. Click the
the scan area around the edges of your image. Or adjust the
scan area by positioning the mouse pointer over any of the
eight boxes around the marquee’s edge and dragging the
box to resize the marquee.
Auto Exposure button to automatically set
7. Click the
the highlight, midtones, and shadow exposure.
8. When you’ve finished making adjustments, click the Scan
button. Then click Close to close the EPSON TWAIN Pro
window and return to your application.
Recommended
application
Recommended
TWAIN Pro
settings*
Scanning
resolution
for
printing**
Photograph
Photoshop 5.0 LE Image Type:
300 dpi**
36-bit Color (HiFi)***,
24-bit Color (Std),
12-bit Gray (HiFi)***,
8-bit Gray (Std)
Magazine
Photoshop 5.0 LE Image Type:
24-bit Color Descreening
300 dpi
Newspaper
(text only)
TextBridge® or
PageManager™
Image Type:
OCR****
300 or
400 dpi*****
Text for OCR
TextBridge or
PageManager
Image Type:
OCR****
300 or
400 dpi*****
Text with
images
TextBridge or
PageManager
Image Type: Line Art 300 or
400
B/W option: Auto
dpi *****
Area Segmentation
Line art
Photoshop 5.0 LE Image Type: Line Art 300 to 3200
dpi
35 mm film
(negative)
Photoshop 5.0 LE Document Source:
TPU for Neg. Film
300 to 3200
dpi
35 mm slide or Photoshop 5.0 LE Document Source:
4×5
TPU for Pos. Film
transparency
(positive)
300 to 3200
dpi
*
Recommendations for EPSON TWAIN Pro also apply to EPSON
TWAIN Pro Network.
**
If the final output is for on-screen viewing (for example, on a
web page), select 72 dpi for your resolution.
***
This Image Type is available only in certain applications, such as
Photoshop.
**** Automatically selects Text Enhancement Technology (TET) as
your Black and White option.
*****If you are enlarging your image, you must manually increase
the resolution (dpi) proportionally to maintain the resolution of
your original.
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EPSON Expression 1600 - 8
EPSON Expression 1600
Scanning Color Images
Using a Network Scanner
If the colors in your scanned image don’t match those in your
original document, try experimenting with the Unsharp
Mask setting. Click the Destination button on the EPSON
TWAIN Pro main window to display the Destination
window, and then select or deselect Unsharp Mask.
Network scanning involves the following steps:
❏ The scanner server must be turned on and running EPSON
Scan Server (PC only).
❏ From the client computer, start the host application, then
start EPSON TWAIN Pro Network to establish a
connection to the scanner server. Only one client computer
at a time can connect to the scanner server.
To reproduce the most accurate colors, use MonacoEZcolor ™
to create color profiles for your scanner, printer, and monitor
(MonacoEZcolor is not available with the Special Edition
model of the scanner). Then use an ICC-compliant color
management application like Adobe Photoshop 5.0 to apply
the profiles. (Make sure to turn off color management in your
scanner software.)
❏ Choose the Image Type, Resolution, and other settings
you want for your scan.
❏ Place your first image on the document table (or in the
automatic document feeder or one of the optional
transparency unit’s film guides).
❏ Start the scan. Although this can be done from EPSON
TWAIN Pro Network on the client computer, it may be
more convenient to press the scanner’s ] Start button or to
start the scan from the scanner server. Then you can scan
several images with a single trip to the scanner.
Using the Dual Focus Mechanism
The Expression 1600’s Dual Focus mechanism eliminates the
Newton ring effect when you’re using the transparency unit.
The focus is automatically set to 2.5 when the transparency
unit is installed and you select TPU for Neg. Film or TPU for
Pos. Film as the Document Source. If you use the film
guides, you don’t need to change the focus setting. If you set
your film directly on the scanner’s document table, you
❏ If you want to scan more than one image, place your second
image on the document table and press the scanner’s
] Start button again. Repeat this step for every image you
want to scan. (The settings you chose for the first image
apply to these images too.)
should preview your scan and click the
Focus button on
the Preview window to set the focus position to 0.0.
❏ When you return to the client computer, your scanned
images appear in the host application’s window. Close
EPSON TWAIN Pro Network to end your connection to
the scanner server and allow other client computers to use
the scanner.
Selecting Resolution
As a rule of thumb for most images except line art, use a
scanning resolution that is approximately one third of your
output resolution. For example, use a scanning resolution of
up to 100 dpi with a 300 dpi laser printer, and up to 200 dpi
with a 600 dpi laser printer. For 1440 dpi ink jet printers, use
a scanning resolution of up to 300 dpi. Try a scanning
resolution of 240 dpi for 720 dpi printing.
Some applications, such as Adobe Photoshop
5.0 LE, automatically close the client
computer’s connection to the scanner server
when you press the ] Start button. You can’t
scan multiple images if you’re using these
applications.
Keep the following in mind when you choose a resolution:
❏ The higher the resolution you select, the larger the resulting
image file will be. To keep your file size manageable, select
the lowest possible resolution that gives acceptable quality.
❏ If you need to scan at a higher resolution, you can reduce
the size of the resulting image file by scanning only part of
the image.
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EPSON Expression 1600
Starting a Network Scan
2. Turn Virtual memory OFF. (From the Apple icon, select
Control Panel, Memory.)
You can start a scan on your network scanner in several ways:
3. Assign a scratch disk. (Start Photoshop 5.0 LE, then select
File, Preferences, Plug-ins & Scratch Disks.) Then restart
your Macintosh.
❏ You can start EPSON TWAIN Pro Network on the client
computer, make your scan settings, and click the Scan
button on the EPSON TWAIN Pro Network main
window.
See the electronic Photoshop 5.0 LE manual on your
Photoshop 5.0 LE CD-ROM for detailed information. (The
Special Edition model doesn’t inlclude Photoshop 5.0 LE.)
❏ You can press the ] Start button on the scanner to send the
scanned image to the client computer that is currently
connected to the scanner server.
Scanner Bundle Kits
❏ You can click the Start button on the EPSON Scan Server
dialog box to send the scanned image to the client computer
currently connected to the scanner server.
The scanner is available in four models:
❏ The Special Edition model includes the following software:
EPSON TWAIN Pro, EPSON Scan Server, EPSON
TWAIN Pro Network, and Acrobat Reader 4.0.
IP address
of the client
computer
connected
to the
scanner
server
❏ The Artist model includes the following software: EPSON
TWAIN Pro, EPSON Scan Server, EPSON TWAIN Pro
Network, Acrobat Reader 4.0, Presto! PageManager,
TextBridge Classic, Photoshop 5.0 LE, and
MonacoEZcolor.
❏ The Professional model includes a transparency unit. It also
includes the following software: EPSON TWAIN Pro,
EPSON Scan Server, EPSON TWAIN Pro Network,
Acrobat Reader 4.0, Presto! PageManager, TextBridge
Classic, Photoshop 5.0 LE, and MonacoEZcolor.
Click to start a scan from the scanner server.
Stopping a Network Scan in Progress
❏ The Professional FireWire model (available for Macintosh
only) includes a transparency unit and a preinstalled IEEE
1394 (FireWire) scanner interface card. It also includes the
following software: EPSON TWAIN Pro, EPSON Scan
Server (PC only), EPSON TWAIN Pro Network, Acrobat
Reader 4.0, Presto! PageManager, TextBridge Classic,
Photoshop 5.0 LE, and MonacoEZcolor.
You can stop a scan in progress from either the client
computer or the scanner server.
❏ To cancel a scan from the client computer, click the Cancel
button on the Progress bar.
❏ To cancel from the scanner server, click the Cancel button
at the bottom of the EPSON Scan Server dialog box.
❏ To break the connection between the client computer and
the scanner server, click the Stop button at the bottom of
the EPSON Scan Server dialog box. This closes EPSON
TWAIN Pro Network on the client computer and allows
other client computers to connect to the scanner server.
Related Documentation
Photoshop 5.0 LE Macintosh
Configuration Tips
CPD-9639
EPSON Expression 1600 User’s Guide
CPD-9640
EPSON Expression 1600 Artist/Pro
Checklist
CPD-9641
EPSON Expression 1600 Professional
FireWire Checklist
CPD-9901
EPSON Expression 1600 Special Edition
Checklist
To avoid memory problems on the Macintosh when using the
scanner with Photoshop 5.0 LE, follow these tips:
EPSON Expression 1600 Software
Reference Guide (html)
1. Set Preferred memory in Photoshop 5.0 LE to twice the
suggested memory size. (Select the Photoshop 5.0 LE
desktop icon, then select File, Get Info.)
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TM-EXPR1600
EPSON Expression 1600 Service Manual
PL-EXPR1600
EPSON Expression 1600 Parts Price List
EPSON Expression 1600 - 10