Craftsman 917.27622 Owner`s manual

Owner’s Manual
GARDEN TRACTOR
22.0 HP, 54" Mower
Electric Start
Automatic Transmission
Model No.
917.27622
02139
This product has a low emission engine which operates
differently from previously built engines. Before you start the
engine, read and understand this Owner’s Manual.
IMPORTANT:
Read and follow all Safety
Rules and Instructions before
operating this equipment.
For answers to your questions about
this product, Call:
1-800-659-5917
Sears Craftsman Help Line
5 am - 5 pm, Mon - Sat
Sears, Roebuck and Co., Hoffman Estates, IL 60179 U.S.A.
Visit our Craftsman website: www.sears.com/craftsman
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Warranty ................................................ 2
Safety Rules .......................................... 3
Product Specifications ........................... 6
Assembly/Pre-Operation ....................... 8
Operation............................................. 12
Maintenance Schedule ........................ 19
Maintenance ........................................ 19
Service and Adjustments..................... 23
Storage ................................................ 29
Troubleshooting ................................... 30
Repair Parts......................................... 34
Sears Service ........................Back Cover
WARRANTY
LIMITED WARRANTY ON CRAFTSMAN RIDING EQUIPMENT
For two (2) years from the date of purchase, if this Craftsman Riding Equipment is
maintained, lubricated and tuned up according to the instructions in the owner’s manual,
Sears will repair or replace free of charge any parts that are found to be defective in
material or workmanship according to the guidelines of coverage listed below. Sears will
also provide free labor for these applicable warranted parts for the two full years. During
the first 30 days of purchase, there will be no charges to service the product at your
home for issues covered by this warranty. (See exclusions below). For your convenience, IN HOME warranty service will still be available after the first 30 days of purchase, but a trip charge will apply. This charge will be waived if the Craftsman product is
dropped off at an authorized Sears location. For the nearest authorized Sears location,
please call 1-800-4-MY-HOME®. This warranty applies only while this product is within
the United States.
This Warranty does not cover:
• Expendable items which become worn during normal use, including but not limited to
blades, spark plugs, air cleaners, belts, and oil filters.
• Standard Maintenance Servicing, oil changes, or tune-ups
Tire replacement or repair caused by punctures from outside objects, such as nails,
thorns, stumps, or glass.
• Repairs necessary because of operator abuse, including but not limited to, damage
caused by towing objects beyond the capability of the riding equipment, impacting
objects that bend the frame or crankshaft, or over-speeding the engine.
• Repairs necessary because of operator negligence, including but not limited to, electrical and mechanical damage caused by improper storage, failure to use the proper
grade and amount of engine oil, failure to keep the deck clear of flammable debris,
or failure to maintain the equipment according to the instructions contained in the
owner’s manual.
• Engine (fuel system) cleaning or repairs caused by fuel determined to be contaminated or oxidized (stale). In general, fuel should be used within 30 days of its purchase date.
• Normal deterioration and wear of the exterior finishes, or product label replacement.
• Riding equipment used for commercial or rental purposes.
LIMITED WARRANTY ON BATTERY
For ninety (90) days from date of purchase, if any battery included with this riding equipment proves defective in material or workmanship and our testing determines the battery
will not hold a charge, Sears will replace the battery at no charge. During the first 30
days of purchase, there will be no charges to replace the battery at your HOME. After
the first 30 days, for your convenience, IN-HOME warranty service will still be available but a trip charge will apply. This charge will be waived if the Craftsman product is
dropped off at an authorized Sears location. For the nearest authorized Sears location,
please call 1-800-4-MY-HOME®.
This battery warranty applies only while this product is within the United States.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights, which
vary, from state to state.
Sears, Roebuck and Co.,Dept.817WA, Hoffman Estates, IL 60179
2
SAFETY RULES
IMPORTANT: This cutting machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in serious
injury or death.
•
WARNING: In order to prevent accidental starting when setting up, transporting, adjusting or making repairs,
always disconnect spark plug wire and
place wire where it cannot contact spark
plug.
WARNING: Do not coast down a hill in
neutral, you may lose control of the tractor.
WARNING: Tow only the attachments
that are recommended by and comply with
specifications of the manufacturer of your
tractor. Use common sense when towing.
Operate only at the lowest possible speed
when on a slope. Too heavy of a load,
while on a slope, is dangerous. Tires can
lose traction with the ground and cause
you to lose control of your tractor.
WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of
its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known
to the State of California to cause cancer
and birth defects or other reproductive
harm.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals
and related accessories contain lead and
lead compounds, chemicals known to the
State of California to cause cancer and
birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Wash hands after handling.
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I. GENERAL OPERATION
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Read, understand, and follow all
instructions on the machine and in the
manual before starting.
Do not put hands or feet near rotating
parts or under the machine. Keep clear
of the discharge opening at all times.
Only allow responsible adults, who are
familiar with the instructions, to operate
the machine.
Clear the area of objects such as
rocks, toys, wire, etc., which could be
picked up and thrown by the blades.
Be sure the area is clear of bystanders before operating. Stop machine if
anyone enters the area.
Never carry passengers.
Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary. Always look down
and behind before and while backing.
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Never direct discharged material
toward anyone. Avoid discharging
material against a wall or obstruction.
Material may ricochet back toward the
operator. Stop the blades when crossing gravel surfaces.
Do not operate machine without the
entire grass catcher, discharge guard,
or other safety devices in place and
working.
Slow down before turning.
Never leave a running machine
unattended. Always turn off blades,
set parking brake, stop engine, and
remove keys before dismounting.
Disengage blades when not mowing.
Shut off engine and wait for all parts to
come to a complete stop before cleaning the machine, removing the grass
catcher, or unclogging the discharge
guard.
Operate machine only in daylight or
good artificial light.
Do not operate the machine while
under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
Watch for traffic when operating near
or crossing roadways.
Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine into a trailer or
truck.
Always wear eye protection when operating machine.
Data indicates that operators, age 60
years and above, are involved in a
large percentage of riding mower-related injuries. These operators should
evaluate their ability to operate the
riding mower safely enough to protect
themselves and others from serious
injury.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for wheel weights or counterweights.
Keep machine free of grass , leaves or
other debris build-up which can touch
hot exhaust / engine parts and burn.
Do not allow the mower deck to plow
leaves or other debris which can cause
build-up to occur. Clean any oil or fuel
spillage before operating or storing the
machine. Allow machine to cool before
storage.
SAFETY RULES
•
II. SLOPE OPERATION
Slopes are a major factor related to loss of
control and tip-over accidents, which can
result in severe injury or death. Operation on all slopes requires extra caution. If
you cannot back up the slope or if you feel
uneasy on it, do not mow it.
• Mow up and down slopes, not across.
• Watch for holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or
other hidden objects. Uneven terrain
could overturn the machine. Tall grass
can hide obstacles.
• Choose a low ground speed so that
you will not have to stop or shift while
on the slope.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Tires may
lose traction.
Always keep the machine in gear when
going down slopes. Do not shift to
neutral and coast downhill.
• Avoid starting, stopping, or turning on
a slope. If the tires lose traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly
straight down the slope.
• Keep all movement on the slopes slow
and gradual. Do not make sudden
changes in speed or direction, which
could cause the machine to roll over.
• Use extra care while operating machine with grass catchers or other attachments; they can affect the stability
of the machine. Do no use on steep
slopes.
• Do not try to stabilize the machine by
putting your foot on the ground.
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches,
or embankments. The machine could
suddenly roll over if a wheel is over the
edge or if the edge caves in.
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Never carry children, even with the
blades shut off. They may fall off and
be seriously injured or interfere with
safe machine operation. Children who
have been given rides in the past may
suddenly appear in the mowing area
for another ride and be run over or
backed over by the machine.
Never allow children to operate the
machine.
Use extra care when approaching blind
corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects
that may block your view of a child.
IV. TOWING
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Tow only with a machine that has a
hitch designed for towing. Do not attach towed equipment except at the
hitch point.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for weight limits for towed
equipment and towing on slopes.
Never allow children or others in or on
towed equipment.
On slopes, the weight of the towed
equipment may cause loss of traction
and loss of control.
Travel slowly and allow extra distance
to stop.
V. SERVICE
SAFE HANDLING OF GASOLINE
To avoid personal injury or property
damage, use extreme care in handling
gasoline. Gasoline is extremely flammable
and the vapors are explosive.
• Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes,
and other sources of ignition.
• Use only approved gasoline container.
• Never remove gas cap or add fuel with
the engine running. Allow engine to
cool before refueling.
• Never fuel the machine indoors.
• Never store the machine or fuel container where there is an open flame,
spark, or pilot light such as on a water
heater or other appliances.
• Never fill containers inside a vehicle
or on a truck or trailer bed with plastic
liner. Always place containers on the
ground away from your vehicle when
filling.
III. CHILDREN
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator
is not alert to the presence of children.
Children are often attracted to the machine
and the mowing activity. Never assume
that children will remain where you last
saw them.
• Keep children out of the mowing area
and in the watchful care of a responsible adult other than the operator.
• Be alert and turn machine off if a child
enters the area.
• Before and while backing, look behind
and down for small children.
4
SAFETY RULES
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Remove gas-powered equipment from
the truck or trailer and refuel it on the
ground. If this is not possible, then
refuel such equipment with a portable
container, rather than from a gasoline
dispenser nozzle.
Keep the nozzle in contact with the rim
of the fuel tank or container opening at
all times until fueling is complete. Do
not use a nozzle lock-open device.
If fuel is spilled on clothing, change
clothing immediately.
Never overfill fuel tank. Replace gas
cap and tighten securely.
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GENERAL SERVICE
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Never operate machine in a closed are.
Keep all nuts and bolts tight to be sure
the equipment is in safe working condition.
Never tamper with safety devices.
Check their proper operation regularly.
•
Be sure the area is clear of bystanders before operating. Stop machine if
anyone enters the area.
Never carry passengers.
Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary. Always look down
and behind before and while backing.
Never carry children, even with the
blades shut off. They may fall off and
be seriously injured or interfere with
safe machine operation. Children who
have been given rides in the past may
suddenly appear in the mowing area
for another ride and be run over or
backed over by the machine.
Keep children out of the mowing area
and in the watchful care of a responsible adult other than the operator.
Be alert and turn machine off if a child
enters the area.
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Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or
other debris build-up. Clean oil or fuel
spillage and remove any fuel-soaked
debris. Allow machine to cool before
storing.
If you strike a foreign object, stop and
inspect the machine. Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
Never make any adjustments or repairs
with the engine running.
Check grass catcher components and
the discharge guard frequently and
replace with manufacturer’s recommended parts, when necessary.
Mower blades are sharp. Wrap the
blade or wear gloves, and use extra
caution when servicing them.
Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service as required.
Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels, as necessary.
Before and while backing, look behind
and down for small children.
Mow up and down slopes (15° Max),
not across.
Choose a low ground speed so that
you will not have to stop or shift while
on the slope.
Avoid starting, stopping, or turning on
a slope. If the tires lose traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly
straight down the slope.
If machine stops while going uphill,
disengage blades, shift into reverse
and back down slowly.
Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then, turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
In the state of California the above is required by law (Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code). Other states
may have similar laws. Federal laws apply
on federal lands. A spark arrester for the
muffler is available through your nearest
Sears service center (See REPAIR PARTS
section of this manual).
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
Gasoline
Capacity
and Type:
Oil Type
(API-SG-SL):
Oil Capacity:
Spark Plug:
(Gap: .040")
Ground Speed
(MPH):
Tire Pressure:
5 Gallons
Unleaded
Regular
SAE 30 (above 32°F)
SAE 5W30 (below 32°F)
W/Filter
4.0 Pints
W/O Filter 3.75 Pints
Champion QC12YC
REPAIR PROTECTION
AGREEMENTS
Congratulations on making a smart purchase. Your new Craftsman® product is
designed and manufactured for years of
dependable operation. But like all products, it may require repair from time to
time. That’s when having a Repair Protection Agreement can save you money and
aggravation.
Purchase a Repair Protection Agreement
now and protect yourself from unexpected
hassle and expense.
Here’s what’s included in the Agreement:
• Expert service by our 12,000 profesional repair specialists.
• Unlimited service and no charge for
parts and labor on all covered repairs.
• Product replacement if your covered
product can’t be fixed.
• Discount of 10% from regular price of
service and service-related parts not
covered by the agreement; also, 10%
off regular price of preventive maintenance check.
• Fast help by phone – phone support
from a Sears technician on products
requiring in-home repair, plus convenient repair scheduling.
Once you purchase the Agreement, a
simple phone call is all that it takes for you
to schedule service. You can call anytime
day or night, or schedule a service appointment online.
Sears has over 12,000 professional repair
specialists, who have access to over 4.5
million quality parts and accessories.
That’s the kind of professionalism you can
count on to help prolong the life of your
new purchase for years to come. Purchase
your Repair Protection Agreement today!
Some limitations and exclusions apply.
For prices and additional information
call 1-800-827-6655.
Forward: 0-5.8
Reverse: 0-2.1
Front:
14 PSI
Rear:
10 PSI
Charging System:16 Amps @ 3600 RPM
Battery:
Amp/Hr:
35
Min. CCA: 280
Case size: U1R
Blade Bolt Torque: 45-55 Ft. Lbs.
CONGRATULATIONS on your purchase
of a new tractor. It has been designed,
engineered and manufactured to give
you the best possible dependability and
performance.
Should you experience any problem you
cannot easily remedy, please contact a
Sears or other qualified service center.
We have competent, well-trained technicians and the proper tools to service or
repair this tractor.
Please read and retain this manual. The
instructions will enable you to assemble
and maintain your tractor properly. Always
observe the “SAFETY RULES”.
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES
• Read and observe the safety rules.
• Follow a regular schedule in maintaining, caring for and using your tractor.
• Follow the instructions under “Maintenance” and “Storage” sections of this
owner’s manual.
WARNING: This tractor is equipped
with an internal combustion engine and
should not be used on or near any unimproved forest-covered, brush-covered or
grass-covered land unless the engine’s
exhaust system is equipped with a spark
arrester meeting applicable local or state
laws (if any). If a spark arrester is used, it
should be maintained in effective working
order by the operator.
SEARS INSTALLATION SERVICE
For Sears professional installation of home
appliances, garage door openers, water
heaters, and other major home items, in
the U.S.A. call 1-800-4-MY-HOME®
6
UNASSEMBLED PARTS
Steering Wheel
Steering
Wheel
Insert
Steering
Sleeve
Steering
Wheel
Adapter
Gauge Wheels
Seat
(4) Adjusting
Bar
(4) Retainer Springs
(double loop)
(1) Washer
17/32 x 1-3/16 x 12 Gauge
(4) Washers
(4) Locknut 3/8-16
3/8 x 3/4 x 14 Ga.
(1) Knob
(4) Wheels
Mower
(4) Clevis Pins
(2) Retainer Springs
(double loop)
(4) Shoulder Bolt
Keys
(1) Oil Drain Tube
For Future Use
(2) Keys
7
(2)Flanged Pins
Slope Sheet
ASSEMBLY/PRE-OPERATION
Your new tractor has been assembled at the factory with the exception of those parts left
unassembled for shipping purposes. To ensure safe and proper operation of your tractor
all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use the correct tools
as necessary to insure proper tightness.
TOOLS REQUIRED FOR ASSEMBLY
A socket wrench set will make assembly
easier. Standard wrench sizes you need
are listed below.
(1) 9/16" wrench
(1) Pliers
(1) 1/2" wrench
(1) Utility knife
(1) 3/4" socket with drive ratchet
(1) Tire pressure gauge
Steering Wheel
Insert
Lock Nut
Steering
Wheel
Large Flat
Washer
Steering Wheel
Adaptor
When right or left hand is mentioned in
this manual, it means, from your point of
view, when you are in the operating position (seated behind the steering wheel).
Steering
Shaft
Steering
Sleeve
TO REMOVE TRACTOR FROM
CARTON
UNPACK CARTON
1. Remove all accessible loose parts and
parts boxes from carton.
2. Cut along dotted lines on all four panels of carton. Remove end panels and
lay side panels flat.
3. Remove mower and packing materials.
4. Check for any additional loose parts or
cartons and remove.
18
028
CHECK BATTERY
1. Lift hood to raised position.
NOTE: If this battery is put into service
after month and year indicated on label
(label located between terminals) charge
battery for minimum of one hour at 6-10
amps. (See "BATTERY" in Maintenance
section of this manual for charging instructions).
BEFORE REMOVING TRACTOR
FROM SKID
ATTACH STEERING WHEEL
1. Remove locknut and large flat washer
from steering shaft.
2. Position front wheels of the tractor so
they are pointing straight forward.
3. Slide the steering sleeve over the
steering shaft.
4. Position steering wheel so cross bars
are horizontal (left to right) and slide
onto steering wheel adapter.
5. Secure steering wheel to steering
shaft with locknut and large flat washer
previously removed. Tighten securely.
6. Snap steering wheel insert into center
of steering wheel.
7. Remove protective materials from tractor hood and grill.
IMPORTANT: Check for and remove any
staples in skid that may puncture tires
where tractor is to roll off skid.
Label
02
17
3
INSTALL SEAT
Adjust seat before tightening adjustment
knob.
1. Remove adjustment knob and flat
washer securing seat to cardboard
packing and set aside for assembly of
seat to tractor.
2. Pivot seat upward and remove from
the cardboard packing. Remove the
cardboard packing and discard.
8
3. Place seat on seat pan so head of
shoulder bolt is positioned over large
slotted hole in pan.
4. Push down on seat to engage shoulder
bolt in slot and pull seat towards rear of
tractor.
5. Pivot seat and pan forward and assemble adjustment knob and flat
washer loosely. Do not tighten.
6. Lower seat into operating position and
sit in seat.
7. Slide seat until a comfortable position
is reached which allows you to press
clutch/brake pedal all the way down.
8. Get off seat without moving its adjusted position.
9. Raise seat and tighten adjustment
knob securely.
TO DRIVE TRACTOR OFF SKID (See
Operation section for location and
function of controls)
WARNING: Before starting, read, understand and follow all instructions in the
Operation section of this manual. Be sure
tractor is in a well-ventilated area. Be sure
the area in front of tractor is clear of other
people and objects.
1. Be sure all the above assembly steps
have been completed.
2. Check engine oil level and fill fuel tank
with gasoline.
3. Place freewheel control in "transmission engaged" position (see "TO
TRANSPORT" in Operation section of
this manual).
4. Sit on seat in operating position, depress brake pedal and set the parking
brake.
5. Press lift lever plunger and raise
attachment lift lever to its highest position.
6. Start the engine. After engine has
started, move throttle control to idle
position.
7. Release parking brake.
8. Slowly move the motion control lever
forward and slowly drive tractor off
skid.
9. Apply brake to stop tractor and set
parking brake.
10. Turn ignition key to "STOP" position.
Continue with the instructions that follow.
Seat
Seat Pan
Shoulder
Bolt
66
24
Flat Washer
02464
Adjustment Knob
NOTE: You may now roll or drive your
tractor off the skid. Follow the appropriate
instruction below to remove the tractor
from the skid.
TO ROLL TRACTOR OFF SKID (See
Operation section for location and
function of controls)
1. Press lift lever plunger and raise
attachment lift lever to its highest position.
2. Release parking brake by depressing
brake pedal.
3. Place freewheel control in disengaged
position to disengage transmission
(See “TO TRANSPORT” in the Operation section of this manual).
4. Roll tractor forward off skid.
9
2. Remove plastic tie strap from mower
belt and check belt for proper routing in
all mower pulley grooves.
3. Slide mower under tractor until it is
centered under tractor. DO NOT connect any pins. When properly centered
the front mower brackets should be
aligned so when the front suspension
plate is lowered it should slide between
the mower brackets.
4. Lower attachment lift lever to lowest
position.
5. Cut plastic tie and lower front suspension plate.
6. ATTACH FRONT PLATE - From left
side of mower, position front plate assembly between front mower brackets,
align holes, position flanged pin notch
vertically and insert the pin all the way.
The notch is in line with the hole in pin.
7. Secure pin with double loop retainer
spring between the plate and mower
bracket. If necessary, move mower
side-to-side to give space between
plate and mower bracket.
8. Go to right hand side of mower and
insert pin and retainer spring in the
same manner.
9. CONNECT REAR PINS - Connect
right hand side first. Pull out and hold
the spring loaded pin, align hole in
suspension arm and release pin. Be
sure pin returns to fully seated position
and is attached to the suspension arm.
10. Go to left side of mower and connect
rear pin in the same manner.
11. Disengage belt tension rod.
12. From right side of tractor, install belt
onto engine clutch pulley.
IMPORTANT: Check belt for proper routing in all mower pulley grooves.
13. Engage belt tension rod on locking
bracket.
CAUTION: Belt tension rod is spring
loaded. Have a tight grip on rod and engage slowly.
14. Raise attachment lift lever to highest
position.
15. Adjust gauge wheels before operating
mower as shown in the Operation section of this manual.
ASSEMBLE GAUGE WHEELS TO
MOWER DECK
The gauge wheels are designed to keep
the mower deck in proper position when
operating mower.
1. Slide gauge wheel bar down into
bracket channel, Be sure that gauge
wheel bar aligning holes are on top.
Assemble gauge wheels as shown
using shoulder bolts, 3/8 washers and
3/8-16 center locknuts and tighten
securely.
2. For ease of mower to tractor assembly,
set all the gauge wheels in the fourth
hole from top. Retain with clevis pins
and spring retainers.
Pin
Retainer
Spring
Shoulder
Adjusting
Bolt
Bar
Gauge Wheel
3/8 Washer
3/8-16 Center
Locknut
Set All Wheels
To 4th Hole
From Top
INSTALL MOWER AND DRIVE
BELT
See MOWER AND DRIVE BELT ASSEMBLY Supplement Sheet for additional
guidance on this assembly.
Be sure tractor is on level surface and
mower suspension arms are raised with
attachment lift control. Engage parking
brake.
1. Turn steering wheel to the left as far as
it will go and position mower on right
side of tractor with deflector shield to
the right.
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
10
The tires on your tractor were overinflated at the factory for shipping pur poses.
Correct tire pressure is impor tant for best
cutting performance.
• Reduce tire pressure to PSI shown in
“PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of
this manual.
Locking Bracket
Electric Clutch Pulley
Suspension
Arms
Belt Tension Rod
Disengaged Position
Front Plate Assembly
Double Loop
Retainer Springs
Gauge
Wheel
Front Mower Bracket
Flanged Pin Position Notch
Vertically
Rear Mower Pins
Deflector Shield
✓ Be sure mower deck is properly leveled
side-to-side/front-to-rear for best cutting
results. (Tires must be properly inflated
for leveling).
✓ Check mower and drive belts. Be sure
they are routed properly around pulleys
and inside all belt keepers.
✓ Check wiring. See that all connections
are still secure and wires are properly
clamped.
✓ Before driving tractor, be sure freewheel
control is in “transmission engaged”
position (see “TO TRANSPORT” in the
Operation section of this manual).
While learning how to use your tractor, pay
extra attention to the following important
items:
✓ Engine oil is at proper level.
✓ Fuel tank is filled with fresh, clean, regular unleaded gasoline.
✓ Become familiar with all controls, their
location and function. Operate them
before you start the engine.
✓ Be sure brake system is in safe operating condition.
✓ Be sure Operator Presence System
and Reverse Operation System (ROS)
are working properly (See the Operation and Maintenance sections in this
manual).
✓ It is important to purge the transmission
before operating your tractor for the first
time. Follow proper starting and transmission purging instructions (See “TO START
ENGINE” and “PURGE TRANSMISSION”
in the Operation section of this manual).
CHECK MOWER LEVELNESS
For best cutting results, mower should
be properly leveled. See “TO LEVEL
MOWER HOUSING” in the Service and
Adjustments section of this manual.
CHECK FOR PROPER POSITION
OF ALL BELTS
See the figures that are shown for replacing motion, mower drive, and mower
blade drive belts in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual. Verify
that the belts are routed correctly.
CHECK BRAKE SYSTEM
After you learn how to operate your tractor, check to see that the brake is properly
adjusted. See “TO ADJUST BRAKE” in
the Service and Adjustments section of
this manual.
✓CHECKLIST
Before you operate your new tractor, we
wish to assure that you receive the best
performance and satisfaction from this
Quality Product.
Please review the following checklist:
✓ All assembly instructions have been
completed.
✓ No remaining loose parts in carton.
✓ Battery is properly prepared and
charged. (Minimum 1 hour at 6 amps).
✓ Seat is adjusted comfortably and tightened securely.
✓ All tires are properly inflated. (For shipping purposes, the tires were overinflated at the factory).
11
OPERATION
These symbols may appear on your tractor or in literature supplied with the product.
Learn and understand their meaning.
REVERSE
NEUTRAL
HIGH
LOW
CHOKE
FAST
SLOW
IGNITION SWITCH
P
ENGINE OFF
OVER TEMP
LIGHT
REVERSE
OPERATION
SYSTEM (ROS)
FUEL
ENGINE ON
OIL PRESSURE
ENGINE START
BATTERY
PARKING BRAKE
REVERSE
FORWARD
PARKING BRAKE
LOCKED
MOWER HEIGHT
PARKING BRAKE
UNLOCKED
MOWER LIFT
15
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH DISENGAGED
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH ENGAGED
LIGHTS ON
FREE WHEEL
(Automatic Models only)
Failure to follow instructions
could result in serious injury or
death. The safety alert symbol
is used to identify safety information about hazards which can
result in death, serious injury
and/or property damage.
DANGER, KEEP HANDS
AND FEET AWAY
15
SLOPE HAZARDS
KEEP AREA CLEAR
(SEE SAFETY RULES SECTION)
DANGER indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
will result in death or serious injury.
WARNING indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
might result in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION when used without the alert symbol,
indicates a situation that could result in damage
to the tractor and/or engine.
HOT SURFACES indicates a hazard which,
if not avoided, could result in death, serious injury
and/or property damage.
FIRE indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
could result in death, serious injury and/or
property damage.
12
KNOW YOUR TRACTOR
READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR
TRACTOR
Compare the illustrations with your tractor to familiarize yourself with the locations of
various controls and adjustments. Save this manual for future reference.
Choke Control
ROS "ON"
Position
Attachment
Clutch Switch
Ignition Switch
Ammeter
Throttle Control
Brake Pedal
Lift Lever
Plunger
Attachment
Lift Lever
Light Switch
Parking Brake
Motion Drive Belt
Tension Handle
Motion Control
Lever
Height
Adjustment
Knob
02561LSW
Freewheel Control
Our tractors conform to the safety standards of the
American National Standards Institute.
LIFT LEVER PLUNGER - Used to release
attachment lift lever when changing its
position.
LIGHT SWITCH - Turns the headlights on
and off.
MOTION CONTROL LEVER - Selects the
speed and direction of the tractor.
MOTION DRIVE BELT TENSION HANDLE - Used when changing motion drive
belt and, if necessary, starting engine
under extremely cold conditions.
PARKING BRAKE - Locks clutch/brake
into the brake position.
REVERSE OPERATION SYSTEM (ROS)
"ON" POSITION - Allows operation of
mower deck or other powered attachment
while in reverse.
THROTTLE CONTROL - Used to control
engine speed.
AMMETER - Indicates battery charging
(+) or discharging (-).
ATTACHMENT CLUTCH SWITCH - Used
to engage the mower blades, or other attachments mounted to your tractor.
ATTACHMENT LIFT LEVER - Used to
raise and lower the mower deck or other
attachments mounted to your tractor.
BRAKE PEDAL - Used for braking the
tractor and starting the engine.
CHOKE CONTROL - Used when starting
a cold engine.
FREEWHEEL CONTROL - Disengages
transmission for pushing or slowly towing
the tractor with the engine off.
HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT KNOB - Used to
adjust the mower cutting height.
IGNITION SWITCH - Used for starting and
stopping the engine.
13
00155
The operation of any tractor can result in foreign objects thrown into
the eyes, which can result in severe eye damage. Always wear safety
glasses or eye shields while operating your tractor or performing any
adjustments or repairs. We recommend standard safety glasses or a
wide vision safety mask worn over spectacles.
IMPORTANT: Leaving the ignition switch
in any position other than "STOP" will
cause the battery to discharge and go
dead.
NOTE: Under certain conditions when
tractor is standing idle with the engine
running, hot engine exhaust gases may
cause “browning” of grass. To eliminate
this possibility, always stop engine when
stopping tractor on grass areas.
HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR
TO SET PARKING BRAKE
Your tractor is equipped with an operator
presence sensing switch. When engine
is running, any attempt by the operator
to leave the seat without first setting the
parking brake will shut off the engine.
1. Depress brake pedal all the way down
and hold.
2. Pull parking brake lever up and release
pressure from brake pedal. Pedal
should remain in brake position. Make
sure parking brake will hold tractor
secure.
Choke
Control
Push-In to
“Disengaged”
CAUTION: Always stop tractor completely, as described above, before leaving
the operator's position.
TO USE THROTTLE CONTROL
Always operate engine at full throttle.
• Operating engine at less than full
throttle reduces the battery charging
rate.
• Full throttle offers the best mower performance.
TO USE CHOKE CONTROL
Use choke control whenever you are starting a cold engine. Do not use to start a
warm engine.
• To engage choke control, pull knob out.
Slowly push knob in to disengage.
TO MOVE FORWARD AND BACKWARD
The direction and speed of movement is
controlled by the motion control lever.
1. Start tractor with motion control lever in
neutral (N) position.
2. Release parking brake.
3. Slowly move motion control lever to
desired position.
TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT
The cutting height is controlled by turning the height adjustment knob in desired
direction.
• Turn knob clockwise ( ) to raise cutting
height.
• Turn knob counterclockwise ( ) to
lower cutting height.
The cutting height range is approximately
1-1/2" to 4-1/2". The heights are measured from the ground to the blade tip with
the engine not running. These heights
are approximate and may vary depending
upon soil conditions, height of grass and
types of grass being mowed.
Attachment Clutch
Switch Pull Out To
“Engage”
Throttle
Control
“Brake”
Position
02149
Ignition
Key
Motion
Control
“Disengaged”
Lever
Position
Height Adjustment
Parking Brake
Knob
“Engaged” Position
Brake Pedal
“Drive” Position
STOPPING
MOWER BLADES • To stop mower blades, push attachment
clutch switch in to disengaged position.
GROUND DRIVE • To stop ground drive, depress brake
pedal all the way down.
IMPORTANT: The motion control lever
returns to neutral (N) position when the
brake pedal is fully depressed.
ENGINE • Move throttle control between half and
full speed (fast) position.
NOTE: Failure to move throttle control
between half and full speed (fast) position, before stopping, may cause engine to
“backfire”.
• Turn ignition key to “STOP” position and
remove key. Always remove key when
leaving tractor to prevent unauthorized
use.
• Never use choke to stop engine.
14
• The average lawn should be cut to
approximately 2-1/2 inches during the
cool season and to over 3 inches during
hot months. For healthier and better
looking lawns, mow often and after
moderate growth.
• For best cutting performance, grass over
6 inches in height should be mowed
twice. Make the first cut relatively high;
the second to desired height.
TO ADJUST GAUGE WHEELS
Gauge wheels are properly adjusted
when they are slightly off the ground when
mower is at the desired cutting height in
operating position. Gauge wheels then
keep the deck in proper position to help
prevent scalping in most terrain conditions.
NOTE: Be sure tractor is on a flat level
surface.
1. Lower mower and adjust mower to desired cutting height(See “TO ADJUST
MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT” in this
section of manual).
2. Remove retainer spring and clevis pin
which secure each gauge wheel bar.
3. Lower gauge wheels to ground. Raise
gauge wheels slightly to align holes
in bracket and gauge wheel bar and
insert clevis pin. Gauge wheels should
be slightly off the ground.
4. Replace retainer spring into clevis pin.
5. Be sure all gauge wheels are in the
same setting.
IMPORTANT: Be sure to readjust gauge
wheels if you change the cutting height
of the mower deck.
TO STOP MOWER BLADES disengage attachment clutch control.
CAUTION: Do not operate the mower
without either the entire grass catcher,
on mowers so equipped, or the deflector
shield in place.
Retainer
Spring
USING THE REVERSE OPERATION
SYSTEM 1. Move motion control lever to neutral
(N) position.
2. With engine running, turn ignition key
counterclockwise to ROS "ON" position.
3. Look down and behind before backing.
4. Slowly move motion control lever to
reverse (R) position to start movement.
5. When use of the ROS is no longer
needed, turn the ignition key clockwise
to engine "ON" position.
Attachment Clutch
Switch Pull Out To
“Engage”
Deflector
Shield
Push In To
“Disengage”
02
14
2
REVERSE OPERATION SYSTEM (ROS)
Your tractor is equipped with a Reverse
Operation System (ROS). Any attempt by
the operator to travel in the reverse direction with the attachment clutch engaged
will shut off the engine unless ignition key
is placed in the ROS "ON" position.
WARNING: Backing up with the attachment clutch engaged while mowing
is strongly discouraged. Turning the ROS
"ON", to allow reverse operation with the
attachment clutch engaged, should only
be done when the operator decides it is
necessary to reposition the machine with
the attachment engaged. Do not mow in
reverse unless absolutely necessary.
01
97
7
Clevis
Pin
TO OPERATE MOWER
Your tractor is equipped with an operator
presence sensing switch. Any attempt
by the operator to leave the seat with the
engine running and the attachment clutch
engaged will shut off the engine. You must
remain fully and centrally positioned in the
seat to prevent the engine from hesitating
or cutting off when operating your equipment on rough, rolling terrain or hills.
1. Select desired height of cut.
2. Lower mower with attachment lift control.
3. Start mower blades by engaging attachment clutch control.
Attachment Lift Lever
High Position
Low
Position
ROS "ON" Position
Engine "ON" Position
(Normal Operating)
02828
15
TOWING CARTS AND OTHER ATTACHMENTS
Tow only the attachments that are recommended by and comply with specifications
of the manufacturer of your tractor. Use
common sense when towing. Too heavy
of a load, while on a slope, is dangerous.
Tires can lose traction with the ground and
cause you to lose control of your tractor.
TO OPERATE ON HILLS
WARNING: Do not drive up or down
hills with slopes greater than 15° and do
not drive across any slope. Use the slope
guide provided at the back of this manual.
• Choose the slowest speed before starting up or down hills.
• Avoid stopping or changing speed on
hills.
• If stopping is absolutely necessary, push
brake pedal quickly to brake position
and engage parking brake.
IMPORTANT: The motion control lever
returns to neutral (N) position when the
brake pedal is depressed.
• To restart movement, slowly release
parking brake and brake pedal.
• Slowly move motion control lever to
slowest setting.
• Make all turns slowly.
TO TRANSPORT
When pushing or towing your tractor, be
sure to disengage transmission by placing
freewheel control in freewheeling position.
Freewheel control is located at the rear
drawbar of tractor.
1. Raise attachment lift to highest position
with attachment lift control.
2. Pull freewheel control out and into the
slot and release so it is held in the
disengaged position.
• Do not push or tow tractor at more than
two (2) MPH.
• To re-engage transmission, reverse
above procedure.
BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE
CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL
The engine in your tractor has been
shipped, from the factory, already filled
with summer weight oil.
1. Check engine oil with tractor on level
ground.
2. Remove oil fill cap/dipstick and wipe
clean, reinsert the dipstick and screw
cap tight, wait for a few seconds, remove and read oil level. If necessary,
add oil until “FULL” mark on dipstick is
reached. Do not overfill.
• For cold weather operation you should
change oil for easier starting (See the
oil viscosity chart in the Maintenance
section of this manual).
• To change engine oil, see the Maintenance section in this manual.
ADD GASOLINE
• Fill fuel tank to bottom of filler neck. Do
not overfill. Use fresh, clean, regular
unleaded gasoline with a minimum of
87 octane. (Use of leaded gasoline will
increase carbon and lead oxide deposits
and reduce valve life). Do not mix oil
with gasoline. Purchase fuel in quantities that can be used within 30 days to
assure fuel freshness.
CAUTION: Wipe off any spilled oil or
fuel. Do not store, spill or use gasoline
near an open flame.
IMPORTANT: When operating in temperatures below32°F(0°C), use fresh, clean
winter grade gasoline to help insure good
cold weather starting.
Transmission Engaged
02219
Transmission Disengaged
NOTE: To protect hood from damage when
transporting your tractor on a truck or a
trailer, be sure hood is closed and secured
to tractor. Use an appropriate means of
tying hood to tractor (rope, cord, etc.).
16
COLD WEATHER STARTING (50° F and
below)
7. When engine starts, slowly push choke
control in until the engine begins to run
smoothly. Continue to push the choke
control in small steps allowing the engine to accept small changes in speed
and load, until the choke control is fully
in. If the engine starts to run roughly,
pull the choke control out slightly for a
few seconds and then continue to push
the control in slowly. This may require
an engine warm-up period from several
seconds to several minutes, depending
on the temperature.
NOTE: In extreme cold conditions, if
engine will not start you may need to disengage the motion drive belt as follows:
1. Be sure parking brake is engaged.
2. Remove retainer spring from the drive
belt tension handle to relieve belt tension.
3. Start engine and allow it to warm up for
three (3) minutes.
4. Shut-off engine and engage parking
brake.
5. Engage drive belt tension handle and
replace the retainer spring.
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION WARM UP
Before driving the unit in cold weather,
the transmission should be warmed up as
follows:
1. Be sure the tractor is on level ground.
2. Place the motion control lever in
neutral. Release the parking brake and
let the brake slowly return to operating
position.
3. Allow one minute for transmission to
warm up. This can be done during the
engine warm up period.
• The attachments can be used during
the engine warm-up period after the
transmission has been warmed up and
may require the choke control be pulled
out slightly.
NOTE: If at a high altitude (above 3000
feet) or in cold temperatures (below 32 F)
the carburetor fuel mixture may need to
be adjusted for best engine performance
(see “TO ADJUST CARBURETOR” in the
Service and Adjustments section of this
manual).
CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels (called
gasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can
attract moisture which leads to separation and formation of acids during storage.
Acidic gas can damage the fuel system
of an engine while in storage. To avoid
engine problems, the fuel system should
be emptied before storage of 30 days
or longer. Drain the gas tank, start the
engine and let it run until the fuel lines
and carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel
next season. See Storage Instructions for
additional information. Never use engine
or carburetor cleaner products in the fuel
tank or permanent damage may occur.
TO START ENGINE
When starting the engine for the first time
or if the engine has run out of fuel, it will
take extra cranking time to move fuel from
the tank to the engine.
1. Be sure freewheel control is in the
transmission engaged position.
2. Sit on seat in operating position,
depress brake pedal and set parking
brake.
3. Move attachment clutch to disengaged
position.
4. Move throttle control to fast position
5. Pull choke control out for a cold engine
start attempt. For a warm engine start
attempt the choke control may not be
needed.
NOTE: Before starting, read the warm and
cold starting procedures below.
6. Insert key into ignition and turn key
clockwise to start position and release
key as soon as engine starts. Do
not run starter continuously for more
than fifteen seconds per minute. If the
engine does not start after several
attempts, push choke control in, wait
a few minutes and try again. If engine
still does not start, pull the choke control out and retry.
WARM WEATHER STARTING (50° F and
above)
7. When engine starts, slowly push choke
control in until the engine begins to
run smoothly. If the engine starts to
run roughly, pull the choke control out
slightly for a few seconds and then
continue to push the control in slowly.
• The attachments and ground drive can
now be used. If the engine does not
accept the load, restart the engine and
allow it to warm up for one minute using
the choke as described above.
17
PURGE TRANSMISSION
MOWING TIPS
CAUTION: Never engage or disengage freewheel lever while the engine
is running.
To ensure proper operation and performance, it is recommended that the
transmission be purged before operating
tractor for the first time. This procedure will
remove any trapped air inside the transmission which may have developed during
shipping of your tractor.
IMPORTANT: Should your transmission
require removal for service or replacement, it should be purged after reinstallation before operating the tractor.
1. Place tractor safely on level surface
with engine off and parking brake set.
2. Disengage transmission by placing freewheel control in disengaged
position (See “TO TRANSPORT” in this
section of manual).
3. Sitting in the tractor seat, start engine.
After the engine is running, move
throttle control to slow position. Disengage parking brake.
4. Move motion control lever to full
forward position and hold for five (5)
seconds. Move lever to full reverse
position and hold for five (5) seconds.
Repeat this procedure three (3) times.
NOTE: During this step there will be no
movement of drive wheels. The air is being
removed from hydraulic drive system.
5. Move motion control lever to neutral
(N) position. Shutoff engine and set
parking brake.
6. Engage transmission by placing freewheel control in engaged position (See
“TO TRANSPORT” in this section of
manual).
7. Sitting in the tractor seat, start engine.
After the engine is running, move
throttle control to half (1/2) speed.
Disengage parking brake.
8. Slowly move motion control lever forward, after the tractor moves approximately five (5) feet, slowly move motion
control lever to reverse position. After
the tractor moves approximately five
(5) feet return the motion control lever
to the neutral (N) position. Repeat this
procedure with the motion control lever
three (3) times.
Your transmission is now purged and now
ready for normal operation.
• Tire chains cannot be used when the
mower housing is attached to tractor.
• Mower should be properly leveled for
best mowing performance. See “TO
LEVEL MOWER HOUSING” in the
Service and Adjustments section of this
manual.
• The left hand side of mower should be
used for trimming.
• Drive so that clippings are discharged
onto the area that has already been
cut. Have the cut area to the right of
the tractor. This will result in a more
even distribution of clippings and more
uniform cutting.
• When mowing large areas, start by
turning to the right so that clippings will
discharge away from shrubs, fences,
driveways, etc. After one or two rounds,
mow in the opposite direction making
left hand turns until finished .
00272
• If grass is extremely tall, it should be
mowed twice to reduce load and possible fire hazard from dried clippings.
Make first cut relatively high; the second
to the desired height.
• Do not mow grass when it is wet.
Wet grass will plug mower and leave
undesirable clumps. Allow grass to dry
before mowing.
• Always operate engine at full throttle
when mowing to assure better mowing
performance and proper discharge of
material. Regulate ground speed by
selecting a low enough gear to give the
mower cutting performance as well as
the quality of cut desired.
• When operating attachments, select a
ground speed that will suit the terrain
and give best performance of the attachment being used.
18
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
FILL IN DATES
AS YOU COMPLETE
REGULAR SERVICE
E
E
S
S
RS
AG
US
RS
UR OUR
OU SON OR
U
O
H
A
ST
HO 25 H 50 H 100
SE RE
EE Y 8
R
RY ERY ERY ERY FO
OR
E
E
F
E
B
SERVICE
EV
EV
EV
EV
EV
BE
H
AC
DATES
Check Brake Operation
Check Tire Pressure
T
R
A
C
T
0
R
Check Operator Presence and
ROS Systems
Check for Loose Fasteners
5
Sharpen/Replace Mower Blades
3
Lubrication Chart
Check Battery Level
4
Clean Battery and Terminals
Check Transaxle Cooling
Check V-Belts
Check Engine Oil Level
Change Engine Oil (with oil filter)
1,2
Clean Air Filter
2
Clean Air Screen
2
Inspect Muffler/Spark Arrester
Replace Oil Filter (If equipped)
1, 2
Clean Engine Cooling Fins
maint_sch-tractore.ROS.e
E
N
G
I
N
E
1,2
Change Engine Oil (without oil filter)
2
Replace Spark Plug
Replace Air Filter Paper Cartridge
2
Replace Fuel Filter
1 - Change more often when operating under a heavy load or
in high ambient temperatures.
2 - Service more often when operating in dirty or dusty conditions.
LUBRICATION CHART
GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS
The warranty on this tractor does not
cover items that have been subjected to
operator abuse or negligence. To receive
full value from the warranty, operator
must maintain tractor as instructed in this
manual.
Some adjustments will need to be made
periodically to properly maintain your
tractor.
At least once a season, check to see if
you should make any of the adjustments
described in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual.
• At least once a year you should replace
the spark plug, clean or replace air filter,
and check blades and belts for wear.
A new spark plug and clean air filter
assure proper air-fuel mixture and help
your engine run better and last longer.
➀ Spindle
Zerk
➀ Spindle
Zerk
➀ Front Wheel
Bearing zerk
➀ Front Wheel
Bearing zerk
➀ Steering
Sector Gear
Teeth
➁ Engine
➀ Mandrel
Zerks
02501
➀General Purpose Grease
➁Refer to Maintenance “ENGINE” Section
IMPORTANT: Do not oil or grease the
pivot points which have special nylon
bearings. Viscous lubricants will attract
dust and dirt that will shorten the life of the
self-lubricating bearings. If you feel they
must be lubricated, use only a dry, powdered graphite type lubricant sparingly.
BEFORE EACH USE
Check engine oil level.
Check brake operation.
Check tire pressure.
Check operator presence and
ROS systems for proper operation.
5. Check for loose fasteners.
3 - Replace blades more often when mowing in sandy soil.
4 - Not required if equipped with maintenance-free battery.
5 - Tighten front axle pivot bolt to 35 ft.-lbs. maximum.
Do not overtighten.
1.
2.
3.
4.
19
• When the engine is running with the ignition switch in the ROS "ON" position and
the attachment clutch engaged, any attempt by the operator to shift into reverse
should NOT shut off the engine.
TRACTOR
Always observe safety rules when performing any maintenance.
BRAKE OPERATION
If tractor requires more than five (5) feet to
stop at highest speed in highest gear on a
level, dry concrete or paved surface, then
brake must be checked and adjusted. (See
“TO ADJUST BRAKE” in the Service and
Adjustments section of this manual).
TIRES
• Maintain proper air pressure in all tires
(See “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS”
section of this manual).
• Keep tires free of gasoline, oil, or insect
control chemicals which can harm rubber.
• Avoid stumps, stones, deep ruts, sharp
objects and other hazards that may
cause tire damage.
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent
flat tires due to slow leaks, tire sealant
may be purchased from your local parts
dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry
rot and corrosion.
OPERATOR PRESENCE SYSTEM AND
REVERSE OPERATION SYSTEM (ROS)
Be sure operator presence and reverse
operation systems are working properly. If
your tractor does not function as described, repair the problem immediately.
• The engine should not start unless the
brake pedal is fully depressed, and the
attachment clutch control is in the disengaged position.
CHECK OPERATOR PRESENCE
SYSTEM
• When the engine is running, any attempt by the operator to leave the seat
without first setting the parking brake
should shut off the engine.
• When the engine is running and the
attachment clutch is engaged, any attempt by the operator to leave the seat
should shut off the engine.
• The attachment clutch should never operate unless the operator is in the seat.
CHECK REVERSE OPERATION (ROS)
SYSTEM
• When the engine is running with the
ignition switch in the engine "ON" position and the attachment clutch engaged,
any attempt by the operator to shift into
reverse should shut off the engine.
ROS "ON" Position
BLADE CARE
For best results mower blades must be kept
sharp. Replace bent or damaged blades.
BLADE REMOVAL
1. Raise mower to highest position to allow access to blades.
NOTE: Protect your hands with gloves
and/or wrap blade with heavy cloth.
2. Remove blade bolt by turning counterclockwise.
3. Install new or resharpened blade with
stamped "THIS SIDE UP" facing deck
and mandrel assembly.
IMPORTANT: To ensure proper assembly,
center hole in blade must align with star
on mandrel assembly.
4. Install and tighten blade bolt securely
(45-55 Ft. Lbs. torque).
IMPORTANT: Special blade bolt is heat
treated.
Mandrel
Blade
02
54
Blade Bolt
(Special)
4
Center Hole
TO SHARPEN BLADE
NOTE: We do not recommend sharpening blade - but if you do, be sure the
blade is balanced.
Care should be taken to keep the blade
balanced. An unbalanced blade will cause
excessive vibration and eventual damage
to mower and engine.
• The blade can be sharpened with a file
or on a grinding wheel. Do not attempt
to sharpen while on the mower.
• To check blade balance, you will need a
5/8" diameter steel bolt, pin, or a cone
balancer. (When using a cone balancer,
follow the instructions supplied with
balancer.)
NOTE: Do not use a nail for balancing
blade. The lobes of the center hole may
appear to be centered, but are not.
• Slide blade on to an unthreaded portion
of the steel bolt or pin and hold the
bolt or pin parallel with the ground. If
blade is balanced, it should remain in a
horizontal position. If either end of the
blade moves downward, sharpen the
heavy end until the blade is balanced.
Engine "ON" Position
(Normal Operating)
02828
Assembly
Star
20
ENGINE
5/8” Bolt or Pin
Center Hole
Blade
LUBRICATION
Only use high quality detergent oil rated
with API service classification SG-SL.
Select the oil’s SAE viscosity grade
according to your expected operating
temperature.
BATTERY
Your tractor has a battery charging system
which is sufficient for normal use. However, periodic charging of the battery with
SAE VISCOSITY GRADES
an automotive charger will extend its life.
• Keep battery and terminals clean.
SAE 30
5W-30
• Keep battery bolts tight.
• Keep small vent holes open.
-20
0
30
32 40
100
60
80
F
C -30
-20
0
10
• Recharge at 6-10 amperes for 1 hour.
-10
20
30
40
TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE
NOTE: The original equipment battery on
your tractor is maintenance free.
NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils
Do not attempt to open or remove caps or
(5W30, 10W30 etc.) improve starting in
covers. Adding or checking level of eleccold weather, they will result in increased
trolyte is not necessary.
oil consumption when used above 32°F.
TO CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS
Check your engine oil level more frequentCorrosion and dirt on the battery and termi- ly to avoid possible engine damage from
nals can cause the battery to “leak” power.
running low on oil.
1. Remove terminal guard.
Change the oil after every 50 hours of op2. Disconnect BLACK battery cable first
eration or at least once a year if the tractor
then RED battery cable and remove
is not used for 50 hours in one year.
battery from tractor.
Check the crankcase oil level before starting
3. Rinse the battery with plain water and
the engine and after each eight (8) hours
dry.
of operation. Tighten oil fill cap/dipstick
4. Clean terminals and battery cable ends securely each time you check the oil level.
with wire brush until bright.
TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL
5. Coat terminals with grease or petroleum jelly.
Determine temperature range expected
6. Reinstall battery (See “REPLACING
before oil change. All oil must meet API
BATTERY" in the SERVICE AND ADservice classification SG-SL.
JUSTMENTS section of this manual).
• Be sure tractor is on level surface.
TRANSAXLE COOLING
• Oil will drain more freely when warm.
The transmission fan and cooling fins should
• Catch oil in a suitable container.
be kept clean to assure proper cooling.
1. Remove oil fill cap/dipstick. Be careful
Do not attempt to clean fan or transmisnot to allow dirt to enter the engine
sion while engine is running or while the
when changing oil.
transmission is hot. To prevent possible
2. Install the drain tube onto the valve.
damage to seals, do not use high pressure 3. Open drain valve by using a 7/16"
water or steam to clean transaxle.
(11mm) wrench turning counterclockwise.
• Inspect cooling fan to be sure fan blades
Oil Drain Valve
are intact and clean.
• Inspect cooling fins for dirt, grass clipTo Open
pings and other materials. To prevent
damage to seals, do not use compressed air or high pressure sprayer to
To Close
clean cooling fins.
TRANSAXLE PUMP FLUID
The transaxle was sealed at the factory
and fluid maintenance is not required for
the life of the transaxle. Should the transDrain Tube
axle ever leak or require servicing, contact
your nearest Sears or other qualified
service center.
4. After oil has drained completely, close
V-BELTS
the drain valve turning clockwise. Use
Check V-belts for deterioration and wear
the 7/16" (11mm) wrench to apply
after 100 hours of operation and replace
a small amount of torque to keep it
if necessary. The belts are not adjustable.
closed. Do not over tighten.
Replace belts if they begin to slip from wear. 21
oil_visc_chart1_e
02791
5. Remove the drain tube and store in a
safe place.
6. Refill engine with oil through oil fill dipstick tube. Pour slowly. Do not overfill.
For approximate capacity see “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this
manual.
7. Use gauge on oil fill cap/dipstick for
checking level. For accurate reading,
tighten dipstick cap securely onto the
tube before removing dipstick. Keep oil
at “FULL” line on dipstick. Tighten cap
onto the tube securely when finished.
ENGINE OIL FILTER
Replace the engine oil filter every season
or every other oil change if the tractor is
used more than 100 hours in one year.
IMPORTANT: Petroleum solvents,
such as kerosene, are not to be used
to clean the cartridge. They may cause
deterioration of the cartridge. Do not oil
cartridge. Do not use pressurized air to
clean or dry car tridge.
CLEAN AIR SCREEN
Air screen must be kept free of dirt and
chaff to prevent engine damage from
overheating. Clean with a wire brush or
compressed air to remove dirt and stubborn dried gum fibers.
CLEAN AIR INTAKE/COOLING AREAS
To insure proper cooling, make sure the
grass screen, cooling fins, and other external surfaces of the engine are kept clean
at all times.
Every 100 hours of operation (more often
under extremely dusty, dirty conditions),
remove the blower housing and other cooling shrouds. Clean the cooling fins and
external surfaces as necessary. Make sure
the cooling shrouds are reinstalled.
NOTE: Operating the engine with a
blocked grass screen, dirty or plugged
cooling fins, and/or cooling shrouds
removed will cause engine damage due to
overheating.
MUFFLER
Inspect and replace corroded muffler and
spark arrester (if equipped) as it could create a fire hazard and/or damage.
SPARK PLUG(S)
Replace spark plug(s) at the beginning
of each mowing season or after every
100 hours of operation, whichever occurs
first. Spark plug type and gap setting are
shown in “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS”
section of this manual.
IN-LINE FUEL FILTER
The fuel filter should be replaced once
each season. If fuel filter becomes
clogged, obstructing fuel flow to carburetor, replacement is required.
1. With engine cool, remove filter and
plug fuel line sections.
2. Place new fuel filter in position in fuel
line with arrow pointing towards carburetor.
3. Be sure there are no fuel line leaks and
clamps are properly positioned.
4. Immediately wipe up any spilled gasoline.
AIR FILTER
Your engine will not run properly using a
dirty air filter. Clean the foam pre-cleaner
after every 25 hours of operation or every
season. Service paper cartridge every
100 hours of operation or every season,
whichever occurs first.
Service air cleaner more often under dusty
conditions.
1. Remove cover.
TO SERVICE PRE-CLEANER
2. Wash it in liquid detergent and water.
3. Squeeze it dry in a clean cloth.
4. Saturate it in engine oil. Wrap it in
clean, absorbent cloth and squeeze to
remove excess oil.
NOTE: If very dirty or damaged, replace
pre-cleaner.
TO SERVICE CARTRIDGE
1. Clean cartridge by tapping gently on
flat surface. If very dirty or damaged,
replace cartridge.
2. Reinstall precleaner cartridge, cover
and secure.
Cartridge
Cover
Foam
PreCleaner
Clamp
22
Fuel Filter
Clamp
00667
We do not recommend using a garden
hose or pressure washer to clean your
tractor unless the engine and transmission are covered to keep water out. Water
in engine or transmission will shorten the
useful life of your tractor. Use compressed
air or a leaf blower to remove grass,
leaves and trash from tractor and mower.
CLEANING
• Clean engine, battery, seat, finish, etc.
of all foreign matter.
• Keep finished surfaces and wheels free
of all gasoline, oil, etc.
• Protect painted surfaces with automotive type wax.
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
WARNING: TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY, BEFORE PERFORMING ANY SERVICE OR ADJUSTMENTS:
1. Depress brake pedal fully and set parking brake.
2. Place attachment clutch in “DISENGAGED” position.
3. Turn ignition key to “STOP” and remove key.
4. Make sure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.
5. Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place wire where it cannot
come in contact with plug.
TRACTOR
TO REMOVE MOWER
5. DISCONNECT REAR MOWER PINS
FIRST - Pull out the spring loaded pin,
disconnect suspension arm from pin
and release pin.
6. Go to other side of mower and disconnect rear pin in the same manner.
7. Remove the four retainer springs and
two flanged pins from front plate assembly and remove plate.
8. Raise attachment lift lever to its highest
position.
9. Turn tractor steering wheel to the left
as far as it will go.
10. Slide mower out from under right side
of tractor.
1. Place attachment clutch in “DISENGAGED” position.
2. Lower attachment lift lever to its lowest
position.
3. Disengage belt tension rod from lock
bracket.
CAUTION: Belt tension rod is spring
loaded. Have a tight grip on rod and release slowly.
4. Remove mower belt from electric
clutch pulley.
Belt Tension Rod
Disengaged Position
Locking
Bracket
Electric Clutch Pulley
Suspension
Arms
Front Plate Assembly
Double Loop
Retainer Springs
Single Loop
Retainer Springs
Flanged Pins
Rear Mower Pins
027
86
23
TO INSTALL MOWER
Follow procedure described in “INSTALL
MOWER AND DRIVE BELT” in the Assembly section of this manual. NOTE: You
will need to reattach front plate assembly
to tractor after sliding mower under the
tractor.
TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING
Adjust the mower while tractor is parked
on level ground or driveway. Make sure
tires are properly inflated (See “PRODUCT
SPECIFICATIONS” section of this manual).
If tires are over or underinflated, you will
not properly adjust your mower.
SIDE-TO-SIDE ADJUSTMENT
• Raise mower to its highest position.
• Measure height from bottom edge of
mower to ground level at front corners
of mower. Distance “A” on both sides of
mower should be the same.
• If adjustment is necessary, make adjustment on one side of mower only.
• To raise one side of mower, tighten lift
link adjustment nut on that side.
• To lower one side of mower, loosen lift
link adjustment nut on that side.
NOTE: Each full turn of adjustment nut
will change mower height about 3/16".
• Recheck measurements after adjusting.
Bottom Edge of
Mower to Ground
00598
A
CAUTION: Blades are sharp. Protect
your hands with gloves and/or wrap blade
with heavy cloth.
Check adjustment on right side of tractor.
Position any blade so the tip is pointing
straight forward. Measure distance "B" at
front and rear tip of blade
• Before making any necessary adjustments, check that both front plate links
are equal in length.
• If links are not equal in length, adjust
one link to same length as other link.
• To lower front of blade, loosen nut “C”
on both front links an equal number of
turns.
NOTE: Each full turn of nut “C” will
change distance “B” by approximately
3/16".
• When distance “B” is 1/8" to 1/2" lower
at front than rear, tighten nut “D” against
trunnion on both front links.
• To raise front of blade, loosen nut
“D” from trunnion on both front links.
Tighten nut “C” on both front links an
equal number of turns. The two front
links must remain equal in length.
• When distance “B” is 1/8" to 1/2" lower
at front than rear, tighten nut “D” against
trunnion on both front links.
• Recheck side-to-side adjustment.
Bottom Edge of
Mower to Ground
Blade
02548
“B”
A
GROUND LINE
“B”
BOTH FRONT PLATE LINKS MUST BE
EQUAL IN LENGTH
Suspension
Arm
01553
02
51
6
Lift Link
Adjustment
Nut
FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT
IMPORTANT: Deck must be level side-toside. If the following front-to-back adjustment is necessary, be sure to adjust both
front links equally so mower will stay level
side-to-side.
To obtain the best cutting results, the
mower blades should be adjusted so the
front tip is approximately 1/8" to 1/2" lower
than the rear tip when the mower is in its
highest position.
Nut “C”
Nut “D”
0251
7
24
Front Plate
Assembly
Trunnion
TO REPLACE MOWER DRIVE BELT
MOWER DRIVE BELT REMOVAL
1. Park tractor on a level surface. Engage
parking brake.
2. Lower attachment lift lever to its lowest
position.
3. Disengage belt tension rod from lock
bracket.
CAUTION: Belt tension rod is spring
loaded. Have a firm grip on rod and release slowly.
4. Remove screws from R.H. and L.H.
mandrel covers and remove covers.
5. Remove any dirt or grass clippings
which may have accumulated around
mandrels and entire upper deck surface.
6. Remove belt from electric clutch pulley,
both mandrel pulleys and all idler pulleys.
MOWER DRIVE BELT INSTALLATION
1. Install belt around both mandrel pulleys
and around idler pulleys as shown.
2. Install belt onto electric clutch pulley.
IMPORTANT: Check belt for proper routing in all mower pulley grooves.
3. Reassemble R.H. and L.H. mandrel
covers. Securely tighten all screws.
4. Engage belt tension rod on locking
bracket.
CAUTION: Belt tension rod is spring
loaded. Have a tight grip on rod and engage slowly.
5. Raise attachment lift lever to highest
position.
Belt Routing
L.H.
Mandrel
Cover
Belt Tension
Rod
(Disengaged
Position)
Locking Bracket
Electric
Clutch
Pulley
R.H.
Mandrel
Cover
R.H.
Mandrel
Idler
Pulleys
027
25
90
TO REPLACE MOTION DRIVE BELT
Park the tractor on level surface. Engage
parking brake. For ease of service there is
a belt installation guide decal on bottom of
left footrest.
1. Remove mower (See “TO REMOVE
MOWER” in this section of manual.)
TO ADJUST ATTACHMENT CLUTCH
The electric clutch should provide years
of service. The clutch has a built-in brake
that stops the pulley within 5 seconds.
Eventually, the internal brake will wear
which may cause the mower blades to
not engage, or, to not stop as required.
Adjustments should be made by a Sears
or other qualified service center.
1. Make sure attachment clutch and ignition switches are in “OFF” position.
2. Adjust the three nylon locknuts until
space between clutch plate and rotor
measures .012" at all three slot locations cut in the side of brake plate.
NOTE: After installing a new electric
clutch, run tractor at full throttle and
engage and disengage electric clutch 10
cycles to wear in clutch plate.
BELT REMOVAL 2. Create slack in belt by removing retainer
spring from drive belt tension handle.
3. Remove belt from all idler pulleys, transaxle pulley and then from engine pulley.
BELT INSTALLATION 1. Install new belt around engine pulley
first, then around transaxle pulley and
lastly into all the idler pulleys.
2. Check to be sure belt is positioned correctly and is on proper side of all belt
keepers.
3. Engage the drive belt tension handle
and replace the retainer spring.
4. Reinstall mower.
Rotor
00751
Clutch Plate
Slot (3)
Nylon
Locknut (3)
.012"
Brake
Plate
Retainer
Spring
TO CHECK AND ADJUST BRAKE
If tractor requires more than five (5) feet to
stop at highest speed in highest gear on a
level, dry concrete or paved surface, then
brake must be checked and adjusted.
Drive Belt
Tension
Handle
02504
Engine Pulley
TO CHECK BRAKE
1. Park tractor on a level, dry concrete or
paved surface, depress clutch/brake
pedal all the way down and engage
parking brake.
2. Disengage transmission by placing
freewheel control in “transmission disengaged” position. Pull freewheel control out and into the slot and release so
it is held in the disengaged position.
The rear wheels must lock and skid when
you try to manually push the tractor forward.
If the rear wheels rotate, the brake needs to
be adjusted or the pads need to be replaced.
Belt Keeper
Transaxle Pulley
Flat Idler
Belt
Belt
2498
Keeper
Keeper
V-Idler Belt Keeper Clutching
Clutching
Idler
Flat Idler
TO ADJUST STEERING WHEEL ALIGNMENT
If steering wheel crossbars are not
horizontal (left to right) when wheels are
positioned straight forward, remove steering wheel and reassemble with crossbars
horizontal. Tighten securely.
FRONT WHEEL TOE-IN/CAMBER
The front wheel toe-in and camber are not
adjustable on your tractor. If damage has
occurred to affect the front wheel toe-in or
camber, contact a Sears or other qualified
service center.
TO ADJUST BRAKE
Contact a Sears or other qualified service
center.
26
TO REMOVE WHEEL FOR REPAIRS
3. Connect the other end of the BLACK
cable (D) to good chassis ground,
away from fuel tank and battery.
FRONT WHEEL 1. Block up axle securely.
2. Remove axle cover, retaining ring and
washers to allow wheel removal.
3. Repair tire and reassemble.
4. Replace washers and snap retaining
ring securely in axle groove.
5. Replace axle cover.
TO REMOVE CABLES, REVERSE
ORDER 1. BLACK cable first from chassis and
then from the fully charged battery.
2. RED cable last from both batteries.
REAR WHEEL 1. Block rear axle securely.
2. Remove five (5) hub bolts to allow
wheel removal.
3. Repair tire and reassemble. Replace
and tighten hub bolts securely.
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent
flat tires due to slow leaks, tire sealant
may be purchased from your local parts
dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry
rot and corrosion.
02614
Weak or Dead
Battery
Fully Charged
Battery
REPLACING BATTERY
WARNING: Do not short battery
terminals by allowing a wrench or any
other object to contact both terminals at
the same time. Before connecting battery,
remove metal bracelets, wristwatch bands,
rings, etc.
Positive terminal must be connected
first to prevent sparking from accidental
grounding.
1. Lift hood to raised position.
2. Remove terminal guard.
3. Disconnect BLACK battery cable
then RED battery cable and carefully
remove battery from tractor.
4. Install new battery with terminals in
same position as old battery.
5. Reinstall terminal guard.
6. First connect RED battery cable to
positive (+) battery terminal with hex
bolt and keps nut as shown. Tighten
securely.
7. Connect BLACK grounding cable to
negative (-) battery terminal with remaining hex bolt and keps nut. Tighten
securely
8. Close terminal access doors.
9. Close hood.
Retaining Washers
Ring
Axle
Cover
q
63s
006
TO START ENGINE WITH A WEAK BATTERY
WARNING: Lead-acid batteries generate explosive gases. Keep sparks, flame
and smoking materials away from batteries. Always wear eye protection when
around batteries.
If your battery is too weak to start the
engine, it should be recharged. (See "BATTERY" in the MAINTENANCE section of
this manual).
If “jumper cables” are used for emergency
starting, follow this procedure:
IMPORTANT: Your tractor is equipped
with a 12 volt system. The other vehicle
must also be a 12 volt system. Do not use
your tractor battery to start other vehicles.
Keps Nut
TO ATTACH JUMPER CABLES 1. Connect one end of the RED cable
to the POSITIVE (+) terminal of each
battery(A-B), taking care not to short
against tractor chassis.
2. Connect one end of the BLACK cable
to the NEGATIVE (-) terminal (C) of
fully charged battery.
Terminal
Access
Door
02
17
Terminal
Guard
27
Hex
Bolt
Positive
(Red) Cable
9
Negative (Black)
Cable
TO REPLACE HEADLIGHT BULB
1. Raise hood.
2. Pull bulb holder out of the hole in the
backside of the grill.
3. Replace bulb in holder and push bulb
holder securely back into the hole in
the backside of the grill.
4. Close hood.
INTERLOCKS AND RELAYS
Loose or damaged wiring may cause
your tractor to run poorly, stop running, or
prevent it from starting.
• Check wiring. See electrical wiring
diagram in the Repair Parts section.
TO REPLACE FUSE
Replace with 30 amp automotive-type
plug-in fuse. The fuse holder is located
behind the dash.
TO ADJUST CHOKE CONTROL
The choke control has been preset at the
factory and adjustment should not be necessary. Check adjustment as described
below before loosening cable. If adjustment is necessary, proceed as follows:
1. With engine not running, move choke
control (located on dash panel) to full
choke position.
2. Loosen knob and remove cover assembly from air cleaner.
3. Choke should be closed. If it is not,
loosen casing clamp screw and move
choke cable until choke is completely
closed. Tighten casing clamp screw
securely.
4. Replace air cleaner cover assembly
and tighten knob.
TO ADJUST CARBURETOR
Your carburetor is not adjustable. If your
engine does not operate properly due to
suspected carburetor problems, take your
tractor to an authorized service center for
repair and/or adjustment.
High speed stop is factory adjusted. Do
not adjust - damage may result.
IMPORTANT: Never tamper with the
engine governor, which is factory set
for proper engine speed. Overspeeding
the engine above the factory high speed
setting can be dangerous. If you think
the engine-governed high speed needs
adjusting, contact a qualified service
center, which has proper equipment and
experience to make any necessary adjustments.
TO REMOVE HOOD AND GRILL ASSEMBLY
1. Raise hood.
2. Unsnap headlight wire connector.
3. Stand in front of tractor. Grasp hood at
sides, tilt toward engine and lift off of
tractor.
4. When replacing hood, be sure to reconnect the headlight wire connector.
Hood
Headlight Wire
Connector
02141
Stop
ENGINE
TO ADJUST THROTTLE CONTROL
CABLE
The throttle control has been preset at the
factory and adjustment should not be necessary. Check adjustment as described
below before loosening cable. If adjustment is necessary, proceed as follows:
1. With engine not running, move throttle
control lever to fast position.
2. Check that swivel is against stop. If it is
not, loosen cable clamp screw and pull
cable back until swivel is against stop.
Tighten cable clamp screw securely.
02119
Swivel
0211
8
Clamp Screw
28
Clamp
Screw
STORAGE
Immediately prepare your tractor for storage at the end of the season or if the tractor will not be used for 30 days or more.
WARNING: Never store the tractor
with gasoline in the tank inside a building
where fumes may reach an open flame
or spark. Allow the engine to cool before
storing in any enclosure.
TRACTOR
Remove mower from tractor for winter
storage. When mower is to be stored for a
period of time, clean it thoroughly, remove
all dirt, grease, leaves, etc. Store in a
clean, dry area.
1. Clean entire tractor (See “CLEANING”
in the Maintenance section of this
manual).
2. Inspect and replace belts, if necessary
(See belt replacement instructions in
the Service and Adjustments section of
this manual).
3. Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance
section of this manual.
4. Be sure that all nuts, bolts and screws
are securely fastened. Inspect moving
parts for damage, breakage and wear.
Replace if necessary.
5. Touch up all rusted or chipped paint
surfaces; sand lightly before painting.
BATTERY
• Fully charge the battery for storage.
• After a period of time in storage, battery
may require recharging.
• To help prevent corrosion and power
leakage during long periods of storage,
battery cables should be disconnected
and battery cleaned thoroughly (see “TO
CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS” in
the Maintenance section of this manual).
• After cleaning, leave cables disconnected and place cables where they
cannot come in contact with battery
terminals.
• If battery is removed from tractor for
storage, do not store battery directly on
concrete or damp surfaces.
ENGINE
FUEL SYSTEM
IMPORTANT: It is important to prevent
gum deposits from forming in essential
fuel system parts such as carburetor, fuel
hose, or tank during storage. Also, alcohol
29
blended fuels (called gasohol or using
ethanol or methanol) can attract moisture
which leads to separation and formation of
acids during storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel system of an engine while in
storage.
• Empty the fuel tank by starting the engine and letting it run until the fuel lines
and carburetor are empty.
• Never use engine or carburetor cleaner
products in the fuel tank or permanent
damage may occur.
• Use fresh fuel next season.
NOTE: Fuel stabilizer is an acceptable
alternative in minimizing the formation of
fuel gum deposits during storage. Add
stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or storage container. Always follow the mix ratio
found on stabilizer container. Run engine
at least 10 minutes after adding stabilizer
to allow the stabilizer to reach the carburetor. Do not empty the gas tank and
carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.
ENGINE OIL
Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace
with clean engine oil. (See “ENGINE” in
the Maintenance section of this manual).
CYLINDER(S)
1. Remove spark plug(s).
2. Pour one ounce of oil through spark
plug hole(s) into cylinder(s).
3. Turn ignition key to start position for a
few seconds to distribute oil.
4. Replace with new spark plug(s).
OTHER
• Do not store gasoline from one season
to another.
• Replace your gasoline can if your can
starts to rust. Rust and/or dirt in your
gasoline will cause problems.
• If possible, store your tractor indoors
and cover it to give protection from dust
and dirt.
• Cover your tractor with a suitable protective cover that does not retain moisture. Do not use plastic. Plastic cannot
breathe which allows condensation to
form and will cause your tractor to rust.
IMPORTANT: Never cover tractor while
engine and exhaust areas are still warm.
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART:
See appropriate section in manual unless directed to Sears service center
PROBLEM
Will not start
CAUSE
1. Out of fuel.
2. Engine not “CHOKED”
properly.
3. Engine flooded.
CORRECTION
1. Fill fuel tank.
2. See “TO START ENGINE” in
Operation section.
3. Wait several minutes before
attempting to start.
4. Bad spark plug.
4. Replace spark plug.
5. Dirty air filter.
5. Clean/replace air filter.
6. Dirty fuel filter.
6. Replace fuel filter.
7. Water in fuel.
7. Empty fuel tank and carburetor, refill tank with fresh gasoline and replace fuel filter.
8. Loose or damaged wiring.
8. Check all wiring.
9. Carburetor out of adjustment. 9. See “To Adjust Carburetor”
in Service and Adjustments
section.
10. Engine valves out of
10. Contact a Sears or other
adjustment.
qualified service center.
11. Extreme Cold Conditions
11. See “To start engine” in
operation section.
Hard to start
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Dirty air filter.
Bad spark plug.
Weak or dead battery.
Dirty fuel filter.
Stale or dirty fuel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Engine will not
turn over
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Brake pedal not depressed.
Attachment clutch is engaged.
Weak or dead battery.
Blown fuse.
Corroded battery terminals.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Faulty ignition switch.
Faulty solenoid or starter.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Clean/replace air filter.
Replace spark plug.
Recharge or replace battery.
Replace fuel filter.
Empty fuel tank and refill tank
with fresh, clean gasoline.
6. Loose or damaged wiring.
6. Check all wiring.
7. Carburetor out of adjustment. 7. See “To Adjust Carburetor” in
Service and Adjustments
section.
8. Engine valves out of
8. Contact a Sears or other
adjustment.
qualified service center.
9. Faulty operator presence
switch(es).
Depress brake pedal.
Disengage attachment clutch.
Recharge or replace battery.
Replace fuse.
Clean battery terminals.
Check all wiring.
Check/replace ignition switch.
Check/replace solenoid or
starter.
9. Contact a Sears or other
qualified service center.
Engine clicks but
will not start
1.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Loss of power
1. Cutting too much grass/too
1. Raise cutting height/reduce
fast.
speed.
2. Throttle in “CHOKE” position. 2. Adjust throttle control.
Weak or dead battery.
Corroded battery terminals.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Faulty solenoid or starter.
30
Recharge or replace battery.
Clean battery terminals.
Check all wiring.
Check/replace solenoid or
starter.
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART:
See appropriate section in manual unless directed to Sears service center
PROBLEM
CAUSE
CORRECTION
Loss of power
(cont.)
6. Faulty spark plug.
6. Clean and regap or change
spark plug.
7. Dirty fuel filter.
7. Replace fuel filter.
8. Stale or dirty fuel.
8. Empty fuel tank and refill tank
with fresh, clean gasoline.
9. Water in fuel.
9. Empty fuel tank and carburetor, refill tank with fresh gasoline and replace fuel filter.
10. Spark plug wire loose.
10. Connect and tighten spark
plug wire.
11. Dirty engine air screen/fins. 11. Clean engine air screen/fins.
12. Dirty/clogged muffler.
12. Clean/replace muffler.
13. Loose or damaged wiring.
13. Check all wiring.
14. Carburetor out of adjustment. 14. See “To Adjust Carburetor”
in Service and Adjustments
section.
15. Engine valves out of
15. Contact a Sears or other
adjustment.
qualified service center.
Excessive
vibration
1. Worn, bent or loose blade.
2. Bent blade mandrel.
3. Loose/damaged part(s).
1. Replace blade. Tighten blade
bolt.
2. Contact a Sears or other
qualified service center.
3. Tighten loose part(s).
Replace damaged parts.
Engine dies when 1. Reverse operation system
tractor is shifted
(ROS) is not "ON" while
into reverse
mower or other attachment
is engaged.
1. Turn ignition key to
ROS "ON" position.
See Operation section.
Engine continues 1. Faulty operator-safety
to run when
presence control system.
operator leaves
seat with
attachment
clutch engaged
1. Check wiring, switches and
connections. If not corrected,
contact a Sears or other
qualified service center.
Poor cut - uneven 1. Worn, bent or loose blade.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1. Replace blade. Tighten blade
bolt.
Mower deck not level.
2. Level mower deck.
Buildup of grass, leaves, and 3. Clean underside of mower
trash under mower.
housing.
Bent blade mandrel.
4. Contact a Sears or other
qualified service center.
Clogged mower deck vent
5. Clean around mandrels to
from build-up of grass, leaves,
open vent holes.
and trash around mandrels.
31
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART:
See appropriate section in manual unless directed to Sears service center
PROBLEM
CAUSE
CORRECTION
Mower blades will 1. Obstruction in clutch
not rotate
mechanism.
2. Worn/damaged mower drive
belt.
3. Frozen idler pulley.
4. Frozen blade mandrel.
Poor grass
discharge
Poor grass
discharge
(continued)
2. Replace mower drive belt.
3. Replace idler pulley.
4. Contact a Sears or other
qualified service center.
1. Engine speed too slow.
1. Place throttle control in
“FAST” position.
2. Travel speed too fast.
2. Shift to slower speed.
3. Wet grass.
3. Allow grass to dry before
mowing.
4. Mower deck not level.
4. Level mower deck.
5. Low/uneven tire air pressure. 5. Check tires for proper air
pressure.
6. Worn, bent or loose blade.
6. Replace/sharpen blade.
Tighten blade bolt.
7. Buildup of grass, leaves and 7. Clean underside of mower
trash under mower.
housing.
8. Mower drive belt worn.
8. Replace mower drive belt.
9. Blades improperly installed. 9. Reinstall blades sharp edge
down.
10. Improper blades used.
10. Replace with blades listed in
this manual.
11. Clogged mower deck vent
11. Clean around mandrels to
holes from buildup of grass,
open vent holes.
leaves, and trash around
mandrels.
Headlight(s) not
working
(if so equipped)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Battery will not
charge
1. Bad battery cell(s).
2. Poor cable connections.
3. Faulty regulator
(if so equipped).
4. Faulty alternator.
Loss of drive
1. Remove obstruction.
Light switch is “OFF”.
Bulb(s) or lamp(s) burned out.
Faulty light switch.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Blown fuse.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Turn light switch “ON”.
Replace bulb(s) or lamp(s).
Check/replace light switch.
Check wiring and connections.
Replace fuse.
1. Replace battery.
2. Check/clean all connections.
3. Replace regulator.
4. Replace alternator.
1. Freewheel control in
1. Place freewheel control in
“disengaged” position.
“engaged” position.
2. Motion drive belt worn,
2. Replace motion drive belt.
damaged, or broken.
3. Air trapped in transmission
3. Purge transmission.
during shipment or servicing.
Engine “backfires” 1. Engine throttle control not set 1. Move throttle control
when turning
between half and full speed
between half and full speed
engine “OFF”
(fast) position before stopping
(fast) position before
engine.
stopping engine.
32
33
1. Fold this page along dotted line indicated above.
2. Hold page before you so that its left edge is vertically parallel to a tree
trunk or other upright structure.
3. Sight across the fold in the direction of hill slope you want to measure.
4. Compare the angle of the fold with the slope of the hill.
WARNING: To avoid serious injury, operate your tractor up and
down the face of slopes, never across the face. Do not mow
slopes greater than 15 degrees. Make turns gradually to prevent
tipping or loss of control. Exercise extreme caution when
changing direction on slopes.
15 DEGREES MAX.
ONLY RIDE UP AND DOWN HILL,
NOT ACROSS HILL
FOL
D AL
ONG
THIS
DOT
IS A
TED
15 D
LINE
EGR
EE S
LOP
E
SUGGESTED GUIDE FOR SIGHTING SLOPES FOR SAFE OPERATION
Get it fixed, at your home or ours!
Your Home
For repair – in your home – of all major brand appliances,
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no matter who made it, no matter who sold it!
For the replacement parts, accessories and
owner’s manuals that you need to do-it-yourself.
For Sears professional installation of home appliances
and items like garage door openers and water heaters.
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Anytime, day or night
(U.S.A. and Canada)
www.sears.ca
(1-800-469-4663)
www.sears.com
Our Home
For repair of carry-in products like vacuums, lawn equipment,
and electronics, call or go on-line for the nearest
Sears Parts and Repair Center.
1-800-488-1222 Anytime, day or night (U.S.A. only)
www.sears.com
To purchase a protection agreement (U.S.A.)
or maintenance agreement (Canada) on a product serviced by Sears:
1-800-827-6655 (U.S.A.)
1-800-361-6665 (Canada)
Para pedir servicio de reparación
a domicilio, y para ordenar piezas:
1-888-SU-HOGARSM
Au Canada pour service en français:
1-800-LE-FOYERMC
(1-888-784-6427)
(1-800-533-6937)
www.sears.ca
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