09993.book Page 1081 Thursday, June 1, 2006 11:09 PM
Index
Note to the reader: Throughout this index boldfaced page numbers indicate primary discussions of a topic.
Italicized page numbers indicate illustrations.
CO
PY
R
IG
HT
AL
RI
TE
ED
& (ampersand), for background program
execution, 259
! command (FTP), 636
! (exclamation point), to recall recent command,
252
#!/bin/sh directive, 264
# (hash mark)
for CUPS comment, 578
for Samba comments, 690
$ (dollar sign), as command prompt, 208
$TTL command (localhost.zone file), 545
* (asterisk), as wildcard, 214, 261
/ (forward slash), 261–262
for absolute path, 204
/ (root) directory, 224
space requirements, 133
? (question mark), as wildcard, 214, 261
@ command (localhost.zone file), 545
@ root command (localhost.zone file), 545
; (semicolon), for Samba comments, 690
‘ (single quotes), 262–263
“ (double quotes), 262–263
\ (backslash), 261–262
` (back quotes), 262–263
~/bin directory, saving scripts in, 266
~ (tilde) for home directory, 842
in bash shell, 260
0anacron job, 393
32-bit architecture, Microsoft Windows and Linux
on same system, 23–30
NTFS partition splitting, 28–30
procedure steps for VFAT partitions, 26–28
using existing hard drive, 25–26
using new hard drive, 24–25
802.11a standard, 445
802.11b standard, 445
802.11g standard, 445
A command (localhost.zone file), 545
A command (vi), 219
AAAA command (localhost.zone file), 545
AbiWord, 960, 961, 961–962
About Me applet (GNOME), 871, 871
About To Upgrade screen, 99, 100
absolute path, 201, 204
displaying, 202
access file (Postfix), 608
access file (sendmail), 599
access.conf configuration file, 728
AccessFileName directive (Apache), 738
Accessibility applet (KDE), 924
accessibility, GNOME Assistive Technology
Support Preferences window, 864, 864
Account module (PAM), 488
acpi file, 41
acpid log file, 405
Active Directory, 681
Active Directory Domain Controller, 681
active partition, 22
ada, 94
Adabas D, 949
AdBlocK Filters applet (KDE), 917
Add Partition dialog box, 68, 69
Add Partition window, 129, 129–130
AddCharset directive (Apache), 747
AddDescription directive (Apache), 744
AddEncoding directive (Apache), 745
AddHandler directive (Apache), 747
AddIcon* directive (Apache), 744
AddLanguage directive (Apache), 745–747
Address Resolution Protocol (ARP), 446, 455
AddType command (Apache), 756
Administration Tools package group, 90, 167
administrative tasks, in LPI Level II exam, 789
administrative user groups, 272
administrators
backups by, 417
for printers, adding, 593–594
Adobe Acrobat for Linux, 976
ads mode for Samba security, 693
Advanced Boot Loader Configuration, 77, 77–78
MA
Symbols & Numbers
A
a (append) command (vi), 218, 219
a command (fdisk), 228, 229
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1082
ADVANCED CONFIGURATION AND POWER INTERFACE (ACPI) • ASCII COMMAND (FTP)
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
(ACPI), 368–369
Advanced Interactive eXecutive (AIX) operating
system, 11
Advanced Linux Sound Architecture (ALSA), 34,
383
Advanced Maryland Automatic Network Disk
Archiver (AMANDA), 419
Advanced Power Management (APM), 368–369
disabling during installation, 59
Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA), 10
Advanced Server, Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS, 5
Agnubis, 960
AIX (Advanced Interactive eXecutive) operating
system, 11
Akregator, sound for, 927
alacarte command, 861
Alias directive (Apache), 741–742
aliases, 263
for rm command, 207
for sendmail, 598, 605
Allow command (CUPS Location directive), 588
Allow from all directive (Apache), 763
AllowOverride directive (Apache), 735, 737
ALSA (Advanced Linux Sound Architecture)
project, 34
AMANDA (Advanced Maryland Automatic
Network Disk Archiver), 419
Amazon.com, 18
ampersand (&), for background program
execution, 259
Anaconda, 47
default Kickstart file, 163
detection of new drive for installation, 24
installing Linux locally with, 91–94, 92
anaconda-ks.cfg file, 163, 176, 176
anaconda.log file, 96, 405
anaconda.syslog file, 405
anaconda.xlog file, 405
anacron system, and power off, 395
Anonymous command (CUPS Location directive),
588
anonymous connections, to vsFTP, 642
Ant build tool, 170
ANTLR tool, 170
AOLServer web server, 724
Apache server (httpd), 8, 172, 723, 724. See also
Fedora Core GUI Apache tool
basics, 725–726
packages, 725–726
version 2.2 changes, 725
cache directives, 752
caching services, 771–772
checking configuration remotely, 751
configuring, 726–762
customizing, 727–752. See also httpd.conf
configuration file
customizing modules, 754–755
firewall and, 762
log files, 739–741, 762
memory mapping of files, 741
performance tuning, 770, 770–771
preparing for Linux install over network,
107–110
copying files, 108
sharing directories, 109, 109–110
proxy server, 751–752
reports, 749–751, 750
secure virtual hosts, 755–758
security for, 628
SELinux for web directories, 753–754
to share Fedora Core updates, 628
standard modules, 731–734
starting, 726–727
troubleshooting, 760–762
virtual hosts, 752–754
apachectl command, 726
APM (Advanced Power Management), disabling,
59
append command (isolinux.cfg), 51
appending data to end of file, 257
Apple Macintosh, 3
Application layer (OSI), 440
Application layer (TCP/IP), 443
Applications category of package groups, 86, 86
applnk file (X), 841
apt package manager, 301
Archive Manager (GNOME), 881, 882
ARCnet Devices, 377
Ark (KDE archiver), 931
ARP (Address Resolution Protocol), 446, 455
arp command, 451, 455
ARPA (Advanced Research Project Agency), 10
aRts Builder, 942
aRts Control Tool, 942
arts-devel package, 170
AS (Advanced Server) Red Hat Enterprise Linux, 5
ascii command (FTP), 636
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ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT PREFERENCES WINDOW (GNOME) • BASH SHELL
Assistive Technology Support Preferences
window (GNOME), 864, 864
asterisk (*), as wildcard, 214, 261
Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM), 379, 445
at daemon, 391, 395–396
at package, 166
AT&T, 10
ATA/ATAPI/MFM/RLL Support menu, 375, 375
atdt command, for ISP modem connection, 472
ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode), 445
ATM Drivers submenu, 379
atq command, 396
atrm command, 396
ATrpms repository, 307
attributes (LDAP), 670
audio. See also sound cards
KDE applets for configuring, 925–928
Audio CDs applet (KDE), 926
Audio Devices window, 43, 43
audit log file, 405
auth command (Kickstart), 184
Auth module (PAM), 488
auth_basic_module (Apache), 731
AuthClass command (CUPS Location directive),
588
authconfig command, 676
auth_digest_module (Apache), 731
authentication
in Kickstart configuration file, 181–182
for website access, 760, 761
Authentication Configuration menu (Kickstart
Configurator), 190–191, 191
Authentication Configuration window, 155, 156
AuthGroupName command (CUPS Location
directive), 588
auth_kerb.conf file (Apache), 754
auth_mysql.conf file (Apache), 754
authn_alias_module (Apache), 731
authn_anon_module (Apache), 731
authn_file_module (Apache), 731
Authoring and Publishing package group, 86, 167
auth_pgsql.conf file (Apache), 754
AuthType command (CUPS Location directive),
588
authz_ldap.conf file (Apache), 754
autofs daemon, 244
automake package, 168
Automatic Proxy Configuration, sound for, 927
automatic rescue mode, 336–337
auto.misc configuration file, 244–245
Automounter for filesystems, 243–246
local setup, 244–245
network setup, 245
autopart command (Kickstart), 184
AutoPurgeJobs variable (CUPS), 582
Autorun utility (KDE), 933
Avalon framework, 170
awstats.conf file (Apache), 754
B
back quotes (`), 262–263
back tick, 262
backbones, 438
background
of GNOME desktop, 871, 872
of KDE desktop, 905, 906, 906
running programs in, 258–259
Backlight & LCD Device Support submenu, 382
backslash (\), 261–262
backup domain controller (BDC), 681
backups
of .config file, 359
basics, 415–418
CD/DVD for, 418, 419, 426–429
before changing partitions, 227
data loss disaster scenarios, 416
generic commands, 419–422
cpio command, 421–422
tar command, 420–421
levels, 416–417
media for, 415, 418–419
rsync command, 429
of smb.conf file, 688
tape dump and restore, 422–426
type and frequency, 417–418
Balsa, 960, 962, 962–963
base 16, 439, 449
Base package group, 90, 166–167
Base System category of package groups, 90, 90
baseline configuration, 354
basesystem package, 165
baseurl directive, 303, 630
bash package, 165
bash prompt, 96
bash shell, 251–253
commands to view directories, 93
Fedora Core Installation screen for, 143
history of commands, 254, 254
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1084
.BASH_HISTORY FILE • BOOTLOADER
for installation commands, 95
interactivity, 252–253
for pre-installation scripts, 193
Tab key for completing commands, 253
tilde (~) for home directory of current user, 260
.bash_history file, 254
.bash_logout file, 254, 255
.bash_profile file, 254, 255
for permanent changes, 256
.bashrc file, 254, 255
Basic Configuration menu (Kickstart
Configurator), 186
BasKet utility (KDE), 934
bastion host, 487
batch command, 395, 396
baud rate, of modem, 469
bdb database directive, 671
Beagle service (GNOME), 879
Bell Labs, 10
Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND). See BIND
(Berkeley Internet Name Domain)
Berkeley Standard Distribution (BSD), 11
and Mac OS X, 3
Bernoulli drives, for backups, 418
Bernstein, D.J., 596
beta release of kernel, version number for, 345
bg command, 259
/bin directory, 224
binaries, building from tarball, 313–314
binary command (FTP), 636
binary notation, IPv4 private address in, 446
binary reader, 514
bind (Berkeley Internet Name Domain), 168, 456,
537
bind-chroot, 168
bind-chroot package, 538
BIND Configuration tool, 550–555, 551
adding zone, 554–555, 555
modifying configuration, 553–554
reviewing current configuration, 551, 552
bind-utils package, 166
binutils package, 168, 357
BIOS (Basic Input/Output System), 323
parameters for configuring, 38–40
BIOS menu, 38–39, 39
bit, 447
BitTorrent, 29
blinKen applet (KDE), 935
Block Devices submenu, 374, 374
Block Layer kernel menu, 366, 367
block size, for dump command, 423
Blogger Preferencs application, in GNOME, 887,
888
Bluecurve, 17, 899
boa package, 725
Boa web server, 724
BoardName directive (xorg.conf), 846
Bochs, 17
boot CD, 196
files on, 195–196
/boot/config-x file, 354
/boot directory, 224
kernel-related files, 347
partition for, 226
space requirements, 132
boot disk
creating, 48–49, 118–119
custom, 334–335
floppy and kernel size, 356
Kickstart configuration file from, 194–197
/boot/grub/menu.lst file, 387
boot images, 48, 118
creating, 196
Boot Loader configuration, 75, 75–76
Boot Loader Options menu (Kickstart
Configurator), 187, 187–188
boot loader, updating, 99, 100
boot order of hard drives, 38
boot process, 323–324
learning to troubleshoot, 821
in Linux+ certification exam, 780
in LPI Level II exam, 788
starting DNS during, 549
boot variable (GRUB), 329
bootable partition, creating, 229, 230
boot.iso file, 50–51, 118
CD based on, 48
bootloader, 324, 328, 328–330
on active partition, 22
choices in upgrading, 142
default, in First Boot process, 160, 161
installing on bootable partition, 229
location of, 136, 136
passwords on, 486
selecting, 133–134, 134
updates, 348, 387–388
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BOOTLOADER COMMAND (KICKSTART) • CHROOT_LOCAL_USER COMMAND
bootloader command (Kickstart), 179, 184
boot.log file, 405
BOOTP protocol, 559
BOOTPROTO variable, 473, 560
Bridge: Netfilter Configuration submenu, 372
bridges, 453
broadband connection, 463
broadcast address, 448, 459
enabling for DHCP, 556
browse list, 681
browse master, 681
BrowseAddress command, 585
BrowseAllow command (CUPS), 587
BrowseInterval variable (CUPS), 586
BrowseOrder variable (CUPS), 587
BrowsePoll variable (CUPS), 586
Browser Identification applet (KDE), 917
BrowseRelay variable (CUPS), 586
BrowserMatch directive (Apache), 749
BrowseShortNames variable (CUPS), 586
BrowseTimeout variable (CUPS), 586
browsing, in Samba, 695–696
BSD (Berkeley Standard Distribution), 11
and Mac OS X, 3
btmp log file, 405
Bugzilla database, 19
Bus Options kernel menu, 369, 369, 370
BusID directive (xorg.conf), 846
business size, and Linux use, 18
bye command (FTP), 636
byte, 447
C
C programming language, 10
C shell, 251
Cache applet (KDE), 917
Cache* directives (Apache), 752
cachedir directive (yum), 301
caching-nameserver package, 168
caching-only DNS nameserver, 539, 549–550
caching services, for Apache server, 771–772
Caitoo, 937
Calc (OpenOffice), 950, 950–951
calculator (GNOME), 882, 883
cameras, compatibility issues, 33
Cancel action (CUPS), 564
canonical file (Postfix), 608
cAos (Community Linux), 6
case sensitivity
in Linux, 9, 202, 251
vs. Microsoft, 697–698
in vi searches, 218
cat command, 118, 209–210, 591
categories, in comps.xml file, 164–165
Caudium web server, 724
CCRMA repository, 307
cd command, 201, 202
cd command (FTP), 637
CD Database Preferences window, 866, 866
CD/DVD drives
access to unbootable, 48
for backups, 418, 419, 426–429
PCs without, 194
CDDB (Compact Disc Database), 866
cdrecord command, 48, 50, 196, 426, 427, 428
CDs, files for booting from, 195–196
central time server, synchronizing clock with, 80
Certificate Authority, 758
certifications. See Linux certifications; Red Hat
certifications
certified hardware, 33
certs/ directory (CUPS), 577
CGI Scripts applet (KDE), 917
chage command, 280–281
chainloader variable (GRUB), 329
character devices, 380
Character Map (GNOME), 883, 883
characters in file, count of, 214
chcon command, 753
check command (parted), 232
checksum file, when downloading media, 52
checkwinsize directive, 254
chfn command, 667
chgrp command, 211
Chinese, Fedora Core in, 160
chkconfig command, 398, 498, 521
chkconfig cups-lpd on command, 590
chmod command, 212
to make script executable, 394
Choose A Tool menu, 159, 159
chown command, 211
chroot environment, for post-installation scripts,
194
chroot jail, 538
chroot_list_enable file, 645
chroot_local_user command, 642
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CIDR (CLASSLESS INTER-DOMAIN ROUTING) • CONNECTION-ORIENTED PROTOCOL
CIDR (Classless Inter-Domain Routing), 459,
461–463
CIFS (Common Internet File System), 441, 679
CIPE (Crypto IP Encapsulation) system, 473
class of printers, 563
classes of printers, 574–575, 575
classes.conf file (CUPS), 577
ClassifyOverride variable (CUPS), 581
Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR), 459,
461–463
cleaning, source code, 354
clearpart command (Kickstart), 182, 184
client.conf file (CUPS), 578
clients
configuring on Squid proxy server, 772
for DNS, 555–556
FTP service as, 635–641
for LDAP, configuring, 675
for local repository, 630–631
for mail services, 612–616
graphical, 615–616
text-based, 612–614
for NFS, 656–657
for NIS, 666–669
commands, 667–668
/etc/nsswitch.conf file, 668–669
yp.conf for configuring, 667
for TCP Wrapper, 525–526
clipboard, in KDE, 902
clocks on servers, synchronizing, 558
Clustering package group, 168
cn (common name), 670
Code Level Maturity Options kernel menu, 364,
365
CodeWeavers, CrossOver Office, 959
color coding, in command output, 203
color depth
Kickstart xconfig settings, 180
for monitor, 155
for X Window, 193, 831
color schemes for KDE windows, 906
COLORTERM environment variable, 256
combining commands, 215–216
Comer, Douglas, 11
comma-separated file format, 952
command-line interface
advantages, 201
combining commands, 215–216
file and directory setup, 204–209
file management, 209–213
permissions, 211–213
file manipulation, 213–216
for FTP clients, 635
in GNOME, 860
vs. GUI, 277, 829
navigational commands, 201–204
on Red Hat exams, 818
yum update utility at, 308–311
command-line interpreters, shells as, 251
command prompt, for root user, 208
command.types file (CUPS), 578
Common Internet File System (CIFS), 441, 679
Common Unix Printing System (CUPS). See CUPS
(Common Unix Printing System)
community knowledge hardware, 35
Compact Disc Database (CDDB), 866
compiling, in LPI Level II exam, 789
Component Chooser (KDE), 919
compressed kernel image, 355
compressed tar archives, 420
comps.xml file, 84, 163–176
basic stanzas, 164–165
editing examples, 174–175
language, package groups supporting, 173
mandatory groups, 165–167
processing, 175–176
CompTIA, 324. See also Linux+ certification exam
(CompTIA)
computer accounts, configuring, 707–708
concatenate (cat) command, 209–210
conditional in scripts, 264
condrestart action for service script, 398
confCONNECTION_RATE_THROTTLE directive
(sendmail), 603
.config file, 354
configtest action for service script, 398
configuration files
default, 324–333
bootloader, 328, 328–330
/etc/inittab file, 330, 330–332
/etc/modprobe.conf file, 326–327
hardware detection, 324–326
listing modules, 327, 327–328
starting runlevel, 332–333
troubleshooting, 333–340
confMAX_DAEMON_CHILDREN directive
(sendmail), 603
connection-oriented protocol, 444
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CONNECTION PREFERENCES APPLET (KDE) • CUPS LOG FILE
Connection Preferences applet (KDE), 912, 912
connectionless protocol, 444
Connector - Unified Userspace <-> Kernelspace
Linker menu, 373
Console Display Driver Support submenu, 382
Console Security Level tool, 499–500, 500
control flags for PAM, 488–489
control of computer, with Linux, 14
Cookies applet (KDE), 917
Coordinated Universal Time, 413
copying
encrypted password, 279
files for Linux install over network
using Apache, 108
using FTP server, 110–111
using NFS server, 104–105
to TFTP server, 114
Core Netfilter Configuration submenu, 372
Core package group, 165–167, 168
Core repository, 300
Corel Linux, 17
coreutils package, 165
Cornell University, 4
costs, of Linux, 14–15
Country/Region & Language applet (KDE), 924
Cox, Alan, 345
cp command (parted), 232
cp (copy) command, 205–206
cpio command, 298, 419, 421–422
cpio package, 165
cpp package, 357
CPU
customizing Linux kernel for, 366
Fedora Core recommendation, 36
minimum requirements, 7
and RPM packages, 295
cpuinfo file, 41, 42
crack program, 285
crackers, 403
attack on FTP server, 645
denying information to, 703
detecting break-ins, 512–514
preventing access by, 256, 524
and stty command, 260
Create action (CUPS), 564
Create New Group dialog box, 283, 283
Create New User dialog box, 281, 282
createrepo package, 620, 627
cron daemon, 391–395
anacron system and power off, 395
limiting access to, 395
security for, 395
standard jobs, 393–394
syntax, 393
user jobs, 394
crond service, 16
crontabs package, 166
CrossOver Office, 17, 959
CRT monitors, 833
Crypto applet (KDE), 925
Crypto IP Encapsulation (CIPE) system, 473
crypto-utils package, 726, 758
Cryptographic Options kernel menu, 386
cryptography, options, 386, 387
Ctrl+Alt+Del, for shutdown command, 331
Ctrl+Alt+Fn command, 94
CUPS (Common Unix Printing System), 563–594
administrative tasks, 576, 576
browse parameters, 585–586
configuration files, 577–589. See also /etc/
cups/cupsd.conf file
Configuration menu, 571, 571
downloading, 572
encryption support, 583
history of completed jobs, 573, 573
home page, 572
log file variables, 581
log files, 590, 590–591
log levels, 580
lpadmin command, 577
lpstat command, 577
network settings, 584
online help, 574
print job management with GUI tool, 589,
589–591
print job queue, checking, 572–573
printer classes, 574–575, 575
printer management commands, 591–593
quotas, 582
RPM packages, 569–570
security, 586–587
user limits, 584–585
web-based configuration, 570–576, 571
cups-devel package, 570
cups-libs package, 569
cups log file, 405
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CUPS-LPD SERVICE • DEVICE INDEPENDENT (DVI)
cups-lpd service, 589
cups package, 569
cups service, 16
curl command, 52–53, 53
current directory, 260
running programs in, 259
custom boot disk, 334–335
CustomLog directive (Apache), 741
cvs, 523
cw (change word) command (vi), 218, 219
Cyrus-IMAP package, directives for, 603
D
d command (fdisk), 228
daemon logs, 404–405
daemons, 8–9
for TCP Wrapper, 525
DagWieers repository, 307
Dallas Semiconductor, 1-Wire Bus, 381
Dasher application (GNOME), 883, 884
data damage, partition changes and, 235
Data-Link layer (OSI), 441
data loss, disaster scenarios, 416
data streams, 257–258
and file descriptors, 258
database applications, 949
Kexi, 969
OpenOffice.org Base, 948, 949
Datagram Congestion Control Protocol, 372
Date & Time applet (KDE), 929, 929
date and time, setting, 412–413
Date/Time Properties tool, 412, 412–413
Dbase, 949
dc (domain component), 670
dd command, 48, 118, 420
dd command (vi), 217, 219
ddcprobe command, 830, 831
deactivating, user accounts, 279
debuglevel directive (yum), 301
default bootloader, 160, 161
default command (isolinux.cfg), 51
default configuration files, 324–333
bootloader, 328, 328–330
/etc/inittab file, 330, 330–332
/etc/modprobe.conf file, 326–327
hardware detection, 324–326
listing modules, 327, 327–328
starting runlevel, 332–333
default desktop, 193
default operating system, selecting, 135
default printer, in GNOME, 867
<default> tag (comps.xml), 164
default variable (GRUB), 329
DefaultCharset variable (CUPS), 581
DefaultDepth directive (xorg.conf), 846
DefaultLanguage directive (Apache), 745
DefaultLanguage variable (CUPS), 581
DefaultType directive (Apache), 739
define command (sendmail.mc), 600–601
deleting
directories, 209
files and directories, 206–207
files in /tmp and /var/tmp directories, 394
jobs from at queue, 396
partition or volume group, 67, 68
partitions during install, 64, 66
print jobs from queue, 592
RPM packages, 298
rules in iptables FORWARD chain, 493
text in vi, 217
user accounts, 279–280
Deny command (CUPS Location directive), 588
dependencies, 297
Desktop Environments category of package
groups, 85
Desktop Sharing applet (KDE), 913
sound for, 927
Desktop Switcher window, 834, 835, 867, 867
desktops, 835, 839
default, 193
in KDE, 909, 909–911
Linux on, 17
/dev directory, 224
Development category of package groups, 87–88,
88
Development Libraries package group, 87, 168
Development repository, 300
Development Tools package group, 87, 168, 358
device command (Kickstart), 184
device drivers
availability, for Winmodems and Winprinters,
31
collecting, 36
experimental, 364
in Linux+ certification exam, 783
proprietary for wireless, 476
Device Drivers kernel menu, 372, 372–386, 373
Device Independent (DVI), 975–976
09993.book Page 1089 Thursday, June 1, 2006 11:09 PM
DEVICE VARIABLE • DMA ADDRESSING
DEVICE variable, 473
df command, 194–195, 237–238
output, 238
dhclient command, 116, 560
dhclient package, 166
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol),
446, 537
support for, 371
DHCP server, 79, 461
configuring, 116
diskless workstation configuration, 531–532
hardware routers with, 124
and remote networks, 559
sample configuration file, 532
setting up, 556–559
starting, 559
for text mode install, 123
dhcpd.conf configuration file, IP address
configuration, 532
dhcrelay daemon, 556
Dia, 963, 963
Dialup Networking Support package group, 90,
167, 168, 960
dictionary
access to online, 940
in GNOME, 883, 884
differential backup, 418, 422
dig command, 548, 548
digiKam, 980
Digital Camera applet (KDE), 921, 921
digital cameras, 980
digital signature algorithms (DSA), 486
dir command (FTP), 637
directives, in Apache configuration file, 727
directories
adding to path, 256
bash shell commands to view, 93
basic structure, 224–226
copying, 205
creating, 208–209
shared, 290–291
for cron jobs, 395
deleting, 206–207, 209
displaying list, 202–204
mounting, 239–240
order of searching, 392
searching for files, 214
sharing, for installing Linux over network
on Apache server, 109–110
with FTP server, 111–112
using NFS server, 105–106
for SRPMs, 312
structure for Fedora Core installation files, 104
on website
limiting access to, 736
web page setup, 737–738
Directory Options window (Apache), 769, 769
DirectoryIndex directive (Apache), 738
disabling unneeded services, 484–485
.discinfo file, 105, 108, 623
Disk Defragmenter, 27
Disk Druid, 64, 227
for partition setup, 66, 66–74
adding partition, 68–69
deleting partition or volume group, 67, 68
editing partition, 69, 70
exiting Disk Druid, 74
LVM volume group creation, 72–73
partition table display, 74
RAID, 71, 71–72
resetting partition table, 69–70
in text mode, 128, 129
disk mirroring, 431
disk striping with parity, 431
diskboot.img file, 118
converting to files on USB key, 49
for text mode install, 121
USB key based on, 48
diskless workstation, 519
booting, 535
directory for, 225
diskless workstation configuration, 530–535
DHCP server configuration, 531–532
directory setup on server, 531
Fedora Core Network Installation and
Deskless Environment tool, 533–535
NFS configuration, 532
TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol), 531
Display applet (KDE), 921, 921
display command (isolinux.cfg), 51
DISPLAY environment variable, 256
display manager, 839
Display Settings window, Hardware tab, 831–832,
832
DisplaySize directive (xorg.conf), 846
distcache package, 726
divert command (sendmail.mc), 600
DMA addressing, disabling, 59
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DMA FILE • EDITORS
dma file, 41
dmesg command, 324–325, 325
dmesg file, 402
dn (distinguished name), 670
dnl, for comments in sendmail.mc, 600
DNS (Domain Name System), 446, 537
clients, 555–556
concepts, 539
database files, 543–547
domain zone files, 545–547
localhost zone files, 544, 544–545
SELinux protection for, 507
server configuration, 537–550
/etc/named.conf file, 540–543, 541
initial configuration, 539
packages, 538
servers, 456–457
caching-only nameserver, 549–550
forwarding server, 549
slave server, 550
starting and testing, 547–549, 548
zones of authority, 542
DNS Name Server package group, 89, 168
DNS Server Options window, 553, 553
dnsdomainname command, 456
DocBook format, 167
documentation
in Linux+ certification exam, 783
in LPI Level II exam, 789
DocumentRoot command (Apache), 757
DocumentRoot directive (Apache), 735, 766
DocumentRoot directory, default permissions,
736–737
DocumentRoot variable (CUPS), 581
dollar sign ($), as command prompt, 208
domain, 681
domain command, 665
domain master directive, 696
domain mode for Samba security, 693
Domain Name System (DNS). See DNS (Domain
Name System)
domain zone files, 545–547
domainname command, 456, 661, 665
domains, 438–439
domaintable file (sendmail), 599
dotted-decimal format, 447
double quotes (“), 262–263
Dovecot service, 171, 595, 610–611
RPM packages, 610
downloading
CUPS (Common Unix Printing System), 572
from fedora.redhat.com, mirrors, 299
installation DVDs/CDs, 51–53, 53
log of, 643
RPM packages, 296
sources for kernel, 350–351, 351
using rsync servers, 29
Dr. Geo, 935
Draw (OpenOffice.org), 952, 952–954
DRI directive (xorg.conf), 846
Dries repository, 307
Driver directive (xorg.conf), 846
drivers. See device drivers
DROP option for secure services, 515
DSA (digital signature algorithms), 486
du command, 237–238
dual-boot configuration, 21, 24, 24
and hard drive setup, 64
and password protection, 486
Duke University, 301
dump command, 422–424, 423
dump-file directive, 540
dumpe2fs command, 238, 241
DVD
burning image, 427–429
formatting, 428
dvdrecord command, 427–428
dvd+rw-format command, 428
dvd+rw-tools command, 427–428
DVI (Device Independent), 975–976
dw command (vi), 217, 219
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP),
446, 537
E
e-mail. See also mail services
allowing through firewall, 181
graphical, 612
e-mail addresses, disallowing anonymous for FTP,
645
e2fsprogs package, 165
e2label command, 238
Easy Software Products, 564
Eclipse package group, 87, 168
ECOFF (Extended COFF), 369
Edit A Print Queue dialog box, 568
editors. See also text editors
interactivity and, 252–253
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EDITORS PACKAGE GROUP • /ETC/CUPS/CUPSD.CONF FILE
Editors package group, 86, 169
edquota command, 288–289
EFI shell (Extensible Firmware Interface), Fedora
Core support for, 32
egrep command, 213
Ekiga, 889, 890
ELF (Executable and Linkable Format), 369
elinks, 172
elm (mail client), 612
Emacs (editor), 169, 220, 220
Emacs package group, 169
EmbedJS applet, 933
empty file, setting up, 204–205
enabled directive, 304
EnableMMAP directive (Apache), 739, 741
EnableSendfile directive (Apache), 739, 741
encrypted password, copying, 279
encryption, 485–486
CUPS support for, 583
of passwords, 964
of private key, 759
Encryption command (CUPS Location directive),
588
EndSection directive (xorg.conf), 847
EndSubSecton directive (xorg.conf), 847
Engineering and Scientific package group, 86, 169
Enlightenment, 835
entry (LDAP), 670
Entry-level Server, Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES, 5
env command, 256
environment variables, 253, 256
shell variable exported as, 255
equations, 958, 958
Equifax, 758
error checking, 441
error code for website, changing, 766, 766
Error Detection and Reporting submenu, 385
error messages
in automatic rescue mode, 337
must be authenticated, 486
rndc: connect failed: connection refused, 547
on web server, 747–749, 748
when making multipe links, last argument ...,
356
ErrorDocument directive (Apache), 748, 766
ErrorLog command (Apache), 757
ErrorLog directive (Apache), 739
ES (Entry-level Server) Red Hat Enterprise Linux, 5
Esc command (vi), 219
escaping character with backslash, 262
/etc/aliases file (Postfix), 608
/etc/aliases file (sendmail), 598
/etc/anacrontab file, 395
/etc/at.allow file, 396
/etc/at.deny file, 396
/etc/auto.net directory, 245
/etc/auto.smb directory, 245
/etc/bashrc file, 253, 254
/etc/cron.allow file, 395
/etc/cron.daily/mlocate.cron script, 215
/etc/cron.deny list, 394, 395
/etc/crontab file, 392
/etc/cups/cupsd.conf file, 568, 578–589
AutoPurgeJobs variable, 582
BrowseAllow command, 587
BrowseInterval variable, 586
BrowseOrder variable, 587
BrowsePoll variable, 586
BrowseRelay variable, 586
BrowseShortNames variable, 586
BrowseTimeout variable, 586
ClassifyOverride variable, 581
DefaultCharset variable, 581
DefaultLanguage variable, 581
DocumentRoot variable, 581
FileDevice variable, 589
HideImplicitMembers variable, 589
HostNameLookups, 584
ImplicitClasses variable, 589
KeepAlive On variable, 584
<Location /> containers, 587–588
log file variables, 579–581
MaxLogSize variable, 580
MaxClients variable, 584
MaxClientsPerHost variable, 585
MaxCopies variable, 582
MaxJobs variable, 582
MaxJobsPerPrinter variable, 582
MaxJobsPerUser variable, 582
MaxRequestSize variable, 585
PreserveJobHistory variable, 582
print jobs, management, 582–583
PrintcapGUI variable, 583
RemoteRoot variable, 584
RequestRoot variable, 579
RIPCache variable, 583
RootCertDuration variable, 583
security printouts, 581
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/ETC/CUPS DIRECTORY • /ETC/SYSCNFIG/IPTABLES FILE
ServerCertificate variable, 583
ServerKey variable, 583
ServerName variable, 579
ServerRoot variable, 579
SystemGroup variable, 587
Timeout variable, 585
/etc/cups directory, 577
/etc/dhcpd.conf file, 532, 556–558, 559
/etc directory, 224, 271
/etc/dovecot.conf file, 610
/etc/exports configuration file, 105, 532
shared NFS directories
listing, 649
specifications, 650
/etc/fstab file, 242, 242–243
to activate quota options, 287–288
configuring Samba shares in, 685
/etc/gpg/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY*, 314
/etc/group file, 271, 274, 274, 278
and GUI User Manager display, 283
/etc/gshadow file, 274–275, 275, 285
/etc/host.conf file, 457
/etc/hosts file, 456, 537, 555
/etc/hosts.allow file, 524–525
/etc/hosts.deny file, 524–525
/etc/httpd/conf directory, 727
/etc/httpd/conf.d directory, Apache
configuration files, 754–755
/etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf file, commands,
756–757
/etc/inittab file, 330, 330–332
/etc/ldap.conf file, 675
/etc/login.defs file, 271, 276, 276
/etc/mail file, 598–599
/etc/mail/sendmail.cf file, 597, 599–605, 607
/etc/modprobe.conf file, 324, 326–327
/etc/motd file, 177
/etc/named.conf file, 538, 540–543, 541
/etc/nsswitch.conf file, 668–669, 675
/etc/openldap/sldap.conf file, 670–672
/etc/pam.d directory, 487
/etc/pam.d/su file, 285
/etc/passwd file, 271, 272
converting to /etc/shadow file, 286
and GUI User Manager display, 281
text editor to add user to, 278
for user configuration, 272
/etc/postfix directory, 608
/etc/printcap file, 583, 591
/etc/profile file, 253
/etc/rcd/init.d directory, 856
/etc/rc.d/init.d directory, scripts in, 397, 397–398
/etc/rc.d/init.d/ script status command, 527
/etc/rc.d/rc.sysinit, and quotas, 287
/etc/rc.d/rc.sysinit startup script, quota checking
and activation commands, 289
/etc/rc.sysinit script, 411
/etc/redhat-release file, 98
/etc/resolv.conf file, 456–457, 555
/etc/samba/smb.conf file, 679, 687–688, 690–704
default global settings, 698–699
default share settings, 704
global settings, 690–698
basic network type, 691–692
browsing, 695–696
case management, 697–698
customizing Samba by computer, 694–695
domain users and groups, 697
guest accounts, 692
IP address limits, 692
log files, 692–693
logon management, 696
mapping users, 694
network interfaces, 695
password settings, 693–694
performance management, 695
printers as shared items, 692
security modes, 693
WINS (Windows Internet Name Service),
696–697
logon directories, 703–704
share configuration, 699–702
[homes] share, 699–700
[public] shares, 701–702
[tmp] share, 700–701
private directory, 702
shared directory for computer, 702
sharing printer, 702–703
/etc/samba/smbpasswd file, 679, 689
/etc/samba/smbusers file, 679
/etc/services file, 443
/etc/shadow file, 271, 273, 273, 278, 285
converting /etc/password file to, 286
/etc/skel directory, 271, 275, 275–276
/etc/squid/squid.conf file, 771–772
/etc/ssh/sshd_config file, 527
/etc/sudoers configuration file, 228, 283–284
/etc/syscnfig/iptables file, 499
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/ETC/SYSCONFIG/CLOCK FILE • FEDORA CORE GUI APACHE TOOL
/etc/sysconfig/clock file, 412, 413
/etc/sysconfig directory, 456
/etc/sysconfig files, 560
/etc/sysconfig/keyboard file, 43
/etc/sysconfig/named file, 540
/etc/sysconfig/network file, 453, 457, 661, 665
/etc/sysconfig/selinux file, 503
/etc/sysconfig/sendmail file, 598
/etc/sysctl.conf file, 411
/etc/syslog.conf file, 400, 401
/etc/udev directory, 325
/etc/vsftpd/banned_emails file, 645
/etc/vsftpd directory, 641
/etc/X11/xorg.conf file, 829, 834, 841, 845–852
Device section, 850–851
DRI (Direct Rendering Interface), 852
Files section, 848
InputDevice section, 849
Module section, 849
Monitor section, 850
Screen section, 851
ServerLayout section, 848
/etc/xinetd.conf file, 520, 520–521
/etc/xinetd.d directory, 519, 520, 590
limiting access through, 530
/etc/xinetd.d/tftp configuration file, 118
/etc/yp.conf file
for NIS clients, 666–667
revising, 665
/etc/ypserv.conf file, 660
/etc/yum/pluginconf.d/installonlyn.conf file,
tokeep directive, 345
/etc/yum.conf configuration file, 301–302, 620
/etc/yum.repos.d/ files, 302–304
Ethereal, 512
sniffing with, 513
ethereal-gnome, 172
Ethernet, 377, 438, 445
configuring, 464–465
Evolution, 17, 169, 960, 963–964
configuration windows, 615, 615–616
in GNOME, 887, 889
and Transport Layer Security (TLS), 604
Evolution databases, 949
exactarch directive (yum), 302
exclamation point (!), to recall recent command,
252
Executable and Linkable Format (ELF), 369
Executable File Formats kernel menu, 369, 370
execute (x) permission for file, 211–213
Exim, 596
experimental device drivers, 364
for wireless networks, 476
expert command (isolinux.cfg), 51
expiry command (localhost.zone file), 545
export command, for shell variable, 255
exportfs command, 652
exporting, shared directory, 105
ext2 (second extended filesystem), 235
converting to ext3, 237
ext3 (third extended filesystem), 235
converting ext2 filesystem to, 237
creating, 237
extended partitions, 22, 227
Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI shell), Fedora
Core support for, 32
extensions, for file names, 209
Extras Development repository, 301
Extras repository, 300
EXTRAVERSION variable, 356, 364, 387
F
Fast Ethernet, 445
fault tolerance, from RAID, 430
fax machine, print job configuration for, 583
fdisk command, 25
for adding partitions, 227–230
to existing drive, 229–230
to new drive, 227, 227–229
available partition systems, 231
options in, 228
for RAID array partition, 432
FDISK.EXE (Microsoft), 25
FEATURE command (sendmail), 602
Fedora Core Authorization Configuration tool,
676, 676–677
Fedora Core BIND Configuration GUI tool, 538
Fedora Core Boot Configuration tool, 160
Fedora Core Content Accelerator, 724
Fedora Core Development repository, 623–624
Fedora Core Extras repository, 623
Fedora Core GUI Apache tool, 762–771, 763
server configuration, 769–770, 770
setting main parameters, 763–764
virtual hosts configuration, 764–769
environment variables, 767, 768
general options, 764, 765
logging, 767, 767
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FEDORA CORE HARDWARE BROWSER • FIPS (FIRST INTERACTIVE PARTITION SPLITTER)
Page options, 765, 765–766
performance, 768, 768–769
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), 766, 766–767
Fedora Core Hardware Browser, 41, 42, 42
Fedora Core installation CDs, Anaconda access to,
93
Fedora Core Installation screens, 143
Fedora Core Keyboard tool, 42–43, 43
Fedora Core Linux, 3
architecture support, 31–32
basics, 4
custom kernels, 346–347
documentation, 178
new features, 6–7
platforms for, 11
Fedora Core Mail Transport Agent Switcher, 597
Fedora Core Network Configuration tool, 463–465
Fedora Core Network Installation and Diskless
Environment tool, 113, 530, 533
Fedora Core NFS Server Configuration tool, 653,
653–656
Fedora Core Package Management tool (pirut). See
also pirut utility
use over network, 105
Fedora Core Printer Configuration tool, 565,
565–568
Fedora Core project, repositories, 299
Fedora Core Samba Server Configuration Tool,
718–720
creating share, 720
server settings, 718, 718
user management, 719, 719
Fedora Core Security Level tool, 499
Fedora Core Setup Agent, 193
Fedora Core Updates repository, 305
fedora-core.repo file, 302, 304, 304
fedora-development.repo file, 302, 306
fedora-extras-development.repo file, 302, 306
Fedora Extras repository, 28, 235, 305
fedora-extras.repo file, 302, 305, 305–306
fedora-legacy.repo file, 302, 306–307
Fedora Project, 4
fedora-updates-testing.repo file, 303, 306
fedora-updates.repo file, 303, 305, 305
fedora.redhat.com, downloading from, mirrors,
299
fg command, 259
FHS (Filesystem Hierarchy Standard), 223–226
File Associations applet (KDE), 919
file command, 209
file descriptors, and data streams, 258
file formats
for AbiWord, 961–962
for Gnumeric, 965–966
for KSpread, 973
for KWord, 974–975
for OpenOffice.org Calc, 951
for OpenOffice.org Draw, 953–954
for OpenOffice.org Impress, 956
for OpenOffice.org Writer, 957–958
File Management applet (GNOME), 872, 873
File Manager applet (KDE), 919
“File not found” error, 747–749, 748
File Sharing applet (KDE), 913, 913
File Systems kernel menu, 386
File Transfer Protocol (FTP), 103, 635. See also FTP
(File Transfer Protocol)
file type, displaying, 209, 209
FileDevice variable (CUPS), 589
filename extensions, mapping to specific handler,
747
files
disk space used by, 237–238
displaying list, 202–204, 203
KDE tools for managing, 931–932
searching contents, 215
verifying, 315–316
files command, 661
Files directive (Apache), 738
Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS), 223–226
in Linux+ certification exam, 780
filesystem package, 165
filesystems
Automounter for, 243–246
local setup, 244–245
network setup, 245
basic Linux formats, 236
configuring formats, 385
in LPI Level 1 exam, 787
on Red Hat exams, 818
troubleshooting, 240–242, 241
unmounted, fstab configuration file to check,
337
filter table for iptables, 492
find command, 213, 214, 216
finger command, 669
FIPS (First Interactive Partition Splitter), 25, 26
partition table, 28
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FIREFOX (WEB BROWSER) • FTP SERVER
Firefox (web browser), 17, 169
configuring for proxy service, 773
downloading DVD ISO file with, 52
firewall, 483, 487
allowing SSH Access through, 853
and Apache, 109, 762
configuring in First Boot process, 148, 148–149,
149
creating, 490–498
as chains, 490–491
data directions, 490
inserting rule, 497–498
iptables default parameters, 495–496
iptables format, 491, 491–492
iptables options, 492–493
iptables patterns, 493–495
saving configuration changes, 498
and FTP server access, 646, 647
Linux install over network and, 106, 112, 144
multiple, 487
rebuilding, 501
and remote logging, 406–407
on Samba server, 705
starting computer without, 496
and Telnet access, 523
troubleshooting, 821
using IPv6, 450
xinetd, 525–526
firewall command (Kickstart), 181, 184
Firewall Configuration menu (Kickstart
Configurator), 191–192, 192
FireWire, 25, 377
compatibility issues, 34
First Boot process, 93, 145–146, 146
Date and Time window, 151–153, 152
default bootloader, 160, 161
language choices, 159, 160
licensing and security, 146–150
Fedora Core license, 146–147, 147
firewall configuration, 148, 148–149, 149
Security Enhanced Linux (SELinux), 150, 150
sound card detection, 157, 157
System Control Center, 160–161, 161
text mode, 157–159, 158
user account creation, 155, 155
video adapter configuration, 153, 155
First Time Druid, for PXE Boot server
configuration, 113–114, 114
firstboot utility, 80
floppy disk, as boot disk, 334
kernel size and, 356
floppy drives
for backups, 418
booting from, 48
Kickstart installation from, 196
Font Installer applet (KDE), 929
Font Preferences program window (GNOME), 872,
873
FontPath directive (xorg.conf), 847
fonts
for KDE desktop, 906
for language support, 173
Fonts applet (KDE), 917
foomatic package, 570
ForceLanguagePriority directive (Apache), 747
formatting DVD, 428
forward slash (/), 261–262
for absolute path, 204
forwarding DNS server, 539, 549
FQDN (fully qualified domain name), 438, 537
looking up, 548
frame synchronization, 441
free command, 408–409
Free Software Foundation, 3, 12, 231, 251
frequencies, for video adapter signals, 31
FreshRPMS repository, 307
fs file (X), 841
fsck command, 240–241
fstab configuration file, to check unmounted
filesystems, 337
FTP (File Transfer Protocol), 103, 635
security and, 646–647
SELinux protection for, 505
FTP client, 635–641
anonymous connections, 637
commands, 636
connecting to ftp.redhat.com, 637–638
GNOME, 639–640
KDE, 640, 640–641
starting, 636–637
ftp localhost command, 637
FTP server
allowing connections through firewall, 181
installing Linux from, 124, 125
Kickstart commands for installing Fedora Core
from, 178
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preparing for Linux install over network,
110–112
user privileges to, 284
Very Secure FTP server (vsFTP), 641–647
configuration files, 641–646
FTP Server package group, 89, 169
ftpsecure user, 644
ftpusers file, 641
full backup, 423
fully qualified domain name (FQDN), 438, 537
Fusion MPT Device Support menu, 376
fvwm window manager, 835
fvwm95 window manager, 835
Fx option.msg command (isolinux.cfg), 51
G
G command (vi), 217, 219
Galeon web browser, 960
in GNOME, 887, 889
game manufacturers, 17
Games and Entertainment package group, 86, 169
games, in GNOME, 886
gateway, 453, 461
firewall on, 487
for network adapter, 190
GATEWAY variable, 473
gcc package, 168, 357
gdm log file, 405
GDM Login Window Preferences dialog box, 837
gdmsetup command, 837
gedit program (GNOME), 885, 885
General Boot Help menu, 58–60, 59
General Public License (GPL), 11, 12
General Setup kernel menu, 364, 365
generic file (Postfix), 608
generic kernel, 344
genkey command, 758–759
get command (FTP), 637
gFTP command, 639
client, 639
Ghostscript Viewer, 886
Ghostview Postscript/PDF viewer, 976
Gigabit Ethernet, 438, 445
Gigabit Ethernet network adapters, 378
GIMP, 170, 960, 981, 981
gimp-print-cups package, 570
git repository, 364
glib2-devel package, 357
glib2 package, 357
glibc-devel package, 357
glibc-kernheaders package, 357
glibc package, 165
global variables, in Samba, 698–699
globbing, 261
GMT (Greenwich mean time), 81, 138
GNOME, 7, 835, 836, 836–837
accessories, 881–885, 882
Archive Manager, 881, 882
calculator, 882, 883
Character Map, 883, 883
Dasher application, 883, 884
dictionary, 883, 884
gedit program, 885, 885
Password Generator, 884, 884
Take Screenshot tool, 884, 885
Terminal, 884
VNC Viewer, 885, 885
Applications menu, 861, 861–862
basic interface, 857–880, 858
panel icons, 859
panels, 858, 858–859
switching between applications, 860
workspaces, 858, 859, 859
command-line interface, 860
FTP client, 639–640
games, 886
graphics applications, 886
Internet applications, 887–890, 888
Blogger Preferencs application, 887, 888
Evolution (mail manager), 887, 889
Galeon web browser, 887, 889
Internet Messenger, 888
IP telephony and VOIP, 889
IRC (Internet Relay Chat), 890, 891
Kickstart xconfig settings, 180
log file graphical viewer, 407–408
Places menu, 862, 862–863
sound and video applications, 890–893, 891
CD player, 891–892
GNOME Baker, 892, 892
Grip, 892, 893
Helix Player, 893, 894
Rhythmbox, 893, 894
System menu, 862–880, 863
system tools, 894–896, 895
Bluetooth devices, 894
File Browser, 895, 896
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GNOME BAKER • GUI (GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE)
GNOME configuration editor, 894, 895
network tools, 896, 897
time display, 860
GNOME Baker, 892, 892
GNOME-DB, 960
GNOME Desktop Environment package group,
85, 85, 169
GNOME Ghostview, 976
GNOME Office, 960–967
AbiWord, 961, 961–962
Balsa, 962, 962–963
Dia, 963, 963
Evolution, 963–964
GnuCash, 965, 965
Gnumeric, 965–966, 966
Imendio Planner, 966–967
GNOME Software Development package group,
87, 169
gnome-system-log command, 401, 407
Gnomemeeting, 889
GNU General Public License (GPL), 11, 12, 146
GNU, in LPI Level 1 exam, 786
GNU Network Object Model Environment. See
GNOME
GNU Privacy Guard (GPG), 314, 486
GNUcash, 17
GnuCash, 960, 965, 965
Gnumeric, 960, 965–966, 966
Google, 18
GParted tool, 26
Gperiodic utility (KDE), 936
GPG (GNU Privacy Guard), 314
gpgcheck directive (yum), 302, 304
gPhoto2 developers, 33
GPL (General Public License), 11, 12, 146
GQ Image Viewer, 978, 978
Gracenote, 866
GRand Unified Bootloader (GRUB), 76,
224, 324
advantages, 328
inspecting, 387–388
password for, 330, 486
starting single user mode from, 339, 340
updated bootloader, 349
graphical applications, 975–982
document readers, 975–978
in Red Hat exams, 823
graphical e-mail, 612
graphical installation
documenting screens, 62, 94
system check for requirements, 61
Graphical Internet package group, 169–170
graphical login, runlevel and, 331
graphical user interface (GUI). See GUI (graphical
user interface)
graphics applications, in GNOME, 886
graphics cards
compatibility issues, 34
Fedora Core recommendation, 36
graphics-detection messages, for troubleshooting
local install, 95–96
graphics, in Kickstart configuration file, 179–180
Graphics package group, 86, 170
Graphics Support menu, 382
Greenwich mean time (GMT), 81, 138, 413
grep command, 213, 215, 408
Grip (GNOME), 892, 893
Group directive (Apache), 734
Group directive (xorg.conf), 847
group passwords, converting, 286
<group> tag (comps.xml), 164
groupdel command, 280
grouping packages. See comps.xml file
groups, 271
quotas for, 286–290
user private groups, 290–291
Groupwise, 949
growisofs command, 428
grpconv command, 279
GRUB (GRand Unified Bootloader), 76, 224, 324
advantages, 328
inspecting, 387–388
password for, 330
grub-md5-crypt command, 330
grub package, 165
grub.conf file, 98, 348
gThumb Image Viewer, 886, 979, 979
GTK+, 169
GTK+-based menu, 361, 361
gtk2-devel package, 169
gtk+2.0 package, 357
guest accounts, in Samba, 692
GUI (graphical user interface), 829, 839
vs. command-line interface, 277
desktops. See GNOME; KDE (K Desktop
Environment)
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GUI KICKSTART CONFIGURATOR • HOME DIRECTORY
front end to administrative tools, 160–161, 161
potential problems starting, 340
starting different, 834
GUI Kickstart Configurator, 185–194
Authentication Configuration menu, 190–191,
191
Basic Configuration menu, 185, 186
Boot Loader Options menu, 187, 187–188
Firewall Configuration menu, 191–192, 192
Installation Method menu, 186–187, 187
Network Configuration menu, 190, 190
Package Selection menu, 193, 193
Partition Information menu, 188, 188–189
Post-Installation Script menu, 194
Pre-Installation Script menu, 193
X Configuration menu, 192, 192–193
GUI Logical Volume Management tool, 248–250,
249
GUI logs, 407–408
GUI User Manager utility, 281, 281–283
Guppi, 966
H
h command (vi), 219
hackers, 403
hal-cups-utils package, 570
hal-devel package, 169
hard disk drives, 375, 375. See also Logical Volume
Management (LVM); partitions
adding with parted utility, 232–234
BIOS and, 39–40
boot order, 38, 40
free space, 237–238
managing existing with parted utility, 234
minimum requirements, 7
preparing local, for Linux install over network,
112–113
quotas, 286–290
SCSI, 40
setup when installing Linux locally, 64–65, 65
space for local repository, 619–620
space requirements, 132
hard limit for quota, 288–289
hard link, 207
harddrive command, in Kickstart configuration
file, 178
hardware, 30–32
basic requirements, 4–9
compatibility, 32–35
categories, 32, 33
certified hardware, 33
questionable hardware, 33–35
costs of problems, 30–31
creating checklist, 35–38
driver collection, 36
information collection, 36
detection, 324–326
drivers from manufacturers, 36
initializing, 323–324
and kernel, 325
in Linux+ certification exam, 783–784
in LPI Level 1 exam, 785–786
non-plug-and-play, 40
post-installation configuration, 41–44
/proc directory, 41
Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL), 373–374
Hardware Abstraction Layer daemon, 44
hardware address, for network adapter, 439
Hardware Compatibility HOWTO, 33
hardware compatibility list (HCL), 21
hardware-detection messages, for troubleshooting
local install, 97
Hardware Monitoring Support menu, 381
Harvest Cache, 771
hash mark (#), for Samba comments, 690
hdparm package, 165
head command, 210
header on printed page, 581
header_checks file (Postfix), 608
HeaderName directive (Apache), 745
headers, for yum, 622
Helix Player (GNOME), 893, 894
helpfile file (sendmail), 599
Hesiod, 191
hexadecimal notation, converting IPv4 addresses
to, 449
hfs-utils package, 166
hidden files
displaying list, 203
viewing, 254
HideImplicitMembers variable (CUPS), 589
history command, 252
history, of past job spool files, 582
History Sidebar applet (KDE), 917
HISTSIZE environment variable, 256
home directory, 224
of current user, tilde (~) in bash shell for, 260
space requirements, 133
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HOME ENVIRONMENT VARIABLE • INFINIBAND SUPPORT MENU
HOME environment variable, 392
horizontal frequency, Kickstart xconfig settings,
180
HorizSync directive (xorg.conf), 847
host command, 547
hostname command, 455–456
HOSTNAME environment variable, 256
hostname resolution, on Red Hat exams, 818
HostnameLookups directive (Apache), 739
HostNameLookups variable (CUPS), 584
hostnames, 439
for TCP Wrapper, 525
hosts allow command, 692
HP-UX, 11
hpijs package, 570
.htaccess files, 736
HTML 404 error code, 747–749, 748
htpasswd command, 760
HTTP daemon (HTTPd), 723
HTTP protocol, downgrading level for Internet
Explorer, 758
HTTP Setup screen (text mode Linux install), 125
httpd-manual RPM package, 726, 742
httpd package, 725
httpd service, 16
SELinux protection for, 505–506, 506
httpd.conf configuration file, 726, 727, 728
client parameters, 730–731
default permissions for DocumentRoot
directory, 736–737
error messages, 747–749, 748
global environment section, 728–729
icons for file types, 744–745
languages, 745–747
main server configuration, 734–752
module locations, 731–734
Multi-Processing Modules, 730–731
port settings, 731
scripts on web server, 742–743
status, 734
system user, 734
hubs, 451, 452
Human Interface Device (HID), 849
interaction with Linux, 379
hyperthreading, disabling, 59
I
i (insert) command (vi), 218, 219
I2C support, 381
I2O (Intelligent Input/Output) architecture, 377
IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority),
444
IBM RSA service processor, 382
IBM server platforms, Fedora Core support for, 32
IBM Thinkpad Laptop applet (KDE), 929
ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol), 444
icons, KDE desktop themes, 907
<id> tag (comps.xml), 164
IDE drives, device files for, 39
ide file, 41
Identifier directive (xorg.conf), 847
IEEE 802.3 standard, 438, 445
IEEE 1394, 377
Anaconda and, 24
for backup connection, 419
compatibility issues, 34
Linux support for equipment, 31
IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers), 371, 438
if conditional, 264
ifcfg-ethn configuration file, 468
ifconfig command, 107, 451, 454, 454–455
for checking network card, 479–480
ifrename command, 477
iLink, 25, 377
compatibility issues, 34
image file, for writing to CD/DVD, 426
Image Index applet (KDE), 929
image viewers, 978–980
IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol), 595, 596
IMAP4 e-mail server, 611–612
Imendio Planner, 960, 966–967
.img file, writing to USB key, 118
ImplicitClasses variable (CUPS), 589
importing GPG public key, 314
Impress (OpenOffice.org), 954–956, 955
in-addr.arpa statement, 542
IN command (localhost.zone file), 545
include command (sendmail.mc), 600
incoming e-mail servers, 609–612
Dovecot service, 610–611
IMAP4 e-mail server, 611–612
POP3 e-mail server, 611
incremental backup, 418, 422
IndexIgnore directive (Apache), 745
IndexOptions directive (Apache), 743
Industry Standard Architecture (ISA), 369
InfiniBand Support menu, 385
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INFORMATION QUERIES • INSTRUMENTATION SUPPORT KERNEL MENU
information queries, 294
init program, 8, 323, 332
initdefault varaible, 330
initialization, in LPI Level II exam, 788
initrd command (isolinux.cfg), 51
initrd variable (GRUB), 329
initrd.img file, 50
initscripts package, 166, 648
inodes, 206
Input Actions applet (KDE), 924, 924
input devices, support for, 379, 380
input, redirecting, 257–258
InputDevice directive (xorg.conf), 847
INPUTRC environment variable, 256
insert mode, in vi, 218
insmod command, 358
install command (Kickstart), 177–178, 184
installation boot disk, creating, 48–49
installation DVD, copying files to repository,
622–623
installation log, viewing, 95, 143
Installation Method menu (Kickstart
Configurator), 186–187, 187
Installer Boot Options menu, 57, 57–58, 119, 120
installing
Fedora Core upgrades, 344–347, 345
in LPI Level 1 exam, 786
RPM packages, 293–299
Secure Shell (SSH), 526–527
installing Linux locally
with Anaconda, 91–94, 92
checking media integrity, 53–55
with mediacheck, 53, 54, 55, 55
with sha1sum, 55
configuring details, 74–82
Advanced Boot Loader Configuration, 77,
77–78
Boot Loader configuration, 75, 75–76
Network Configuration, 79, 79–80
root password, 82, 82
time zone, 80–82, 81
configuring parameters, 61–64
downloading installation DVDs/CDs, 51–53,
53
graphical installation start, 61
hard drives setup, 64–65, 65
with installation boot disk, 47–51
boot.iso file, 50–51
creating boot disk, 48–49
package group details, 83–91
Applications category, 86, 86
Base System category, 90, 90
Desktop Environments category, 85
Development category, 87–88, 88
Languages category, 91, 91
Servers category, 88–89, 89
package group selection, 82–83, 83
partition setup with Disk Druid, 66, 66–74
adding partition, 68–69
deleting partition or volume group, 67, 68
editing partition, 69, 70
exiting Disk Druid, 74
LVM volume group creation, 72–73
partition table display, 74
RAID, 71, 71–72
resetting partition table, 69–70
selecting prompt options, 56–60, 57
General Boot Help menu, 58–60, 59
Installer Boot Options, 57, 57–58
troubleshooting with installation virtual
consoles, 94–98
graphics-detection messages, 95–96
hardware-detection messages, 97
log files, 96–97
system message log, 97–98
upgrades, 98–101, 100
installing Linux over network
preparing sources, 104–113
Apache server, 107–110
FTP server, 110–112
local hard drive, 112–113
NFS server, 104–107
PXE Boot server configuration, 113–118
adding hosts, 115
copying to TFTP server, 114
DHCP server configuration, 116
First Time Druid for, 113–114, 114
starting boot server, 115–116
starting PXE network installation, 117,
117–118
starting Linux network install, 118–143
boot disk creation, 118–119
text mode booting, 119–121
text mode procedure steps, 121–141
text mode upgrades, 141–143, 142
troubleshooting, 143–144
Instrumentation Support kernel menu, 386
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INTEGRATED SERVICES DIGITAL NETWORK (ISDN) ADAPTERS • IPXUTILS RPM PACKAGE
Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)
adapters, 379
integrity of install media, 53–55
checking with mediacheck, 53, 54, 55, 55
checking with sha1sum, 55
Intelligent Platform Management Interface
standard, 380
interactive command (Kickstart), 184
interactive mode, for Kickstart Configurator, 186
International Organization for Standardization
(ISO), 173
Internet, 438
Internet
KDE parameters for, 912–917
KDE utilities for, 936–940
internet, 438
Internet applications in GNOME, 887–890, 888
Blogger Preferencs application, 887, 888
Evolution (mail manager), 887, 889
Galeon web browser, 887, 889
Internet Messenger, 888
IP telephony and VOIP, 889
IRC (Internet Relay Chat), 890, 891
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA),
444
Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP), 444
Internet development, Unix and, 9–11
Internet Explorer
downgrading HTTP protocol level for, 758
and downloading ISO files, 52
Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP), 595, 596
Internet Messenger, in GNOME, 888
Internet Printing Protocol (IPP), 563–565
Internet Protocol (IP), 437, 444
version 4, 446–447
address bits, 447
address classes, 448
version 6, 446, 448–450
DAEMON_OPTIONS directive for, 604
Fedora Core support for, 449–450
firewall tool, 491
Internet Service Provider (ISP), 438
InterNetNews (inn), 171
Internetwork Packet Exchange/Sequenced Packet
Exchange (IPX/SPX), 437
interrupts file, 41
inverse zone files, 542
ionode numbers, displaying in file list, 203
ioports file, 41
IP. See Internet Protocol (IP)
IP address, 438, 446–450
of Apache server, 110
for FTP server, 112
leasing, 560
limiting access to Samba, 692
loopback, 727
for network adapter, 190
for network device, setting, 80
for NFS server, 107
patterns for iptables, 493–494
spoofing, 411
for text mode install over network, 123, 124
IP masquerading, 501–502
IP Netfilter Configuration submenu, 372
IP security protocol (IPsec), 473, 474–475
IP Settings dialog box, 470, 470
IP telephony and VOIP, in GNOME, 889
IP Virtual Server configuration submenu, 371
IPADDR variable, 473
ipchains command, 371
ipfwadm command, 371, 490
IPP (Internet Printing Protocol), 563–565
IPsec (IP security protocol), 473, 474–475
iptables, 483
iptables-based firewall, creating, 148
iptables command, 144, 490
actions, 495
connecting as chains, 490–491
data directions and, 490
deactivating, 491
default parameters, 495–496
deleting rules in FORWARD chain, 493
firewall example, 491
format, 491–492
inserting rule, 497–498
and NFS, 651
options, 492–493
patterns, 493–495
saving changes, 496, 498
iptables-save command, 498
iptables tool, 487
iputils package, 166
IPv6. See Internet Protocol (IP), version 6
IPv6 HOWTO, 449
IPv6: Netfilter Configuration submenu, 372
IPX/SPX (Internetwork Packet Exchange/
Sequenced Packet Exchange), 437, 442
ipxutils RPM package, 442
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IRC (Internet Relay Chat), 890, 891
IRIX, 11
IRKick applet (KDE), 932
ISA (Industry Standard Architecture), 369
ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network)
adapters, 379
configuring, 465
ISO character sets, 747
ISO image, 50
ISO (International Organization for
Standardization), 173
ISO8859 font sets, 173
isoinfo file, 96
isolinux.cfg file, 50
commands in, 51
ISP (Internet Service Provider), 438
Itanium CPU
boot partition, 66
booting, 48
Fedora Core support for, 32
iwconfig command, 451, 477–479, 478
iwevent command, 477
iwgetid command, 477
iwlist command, 451, 477, 479
iwpriv command, 477
iwspy command, 477
J
Jakarta language, 170
Java & JavaScript applet (KDE), 917
Java Control Panel (GNOME), 872, 873, 874
Java Development package group, 87, 170
Java package group, 90, 167, 170
JDBC, 949
jfs (journaling filesystem), 235
Jigsaw web server, 724
joe (editor), 169, 220–221, 221
journaling filesystem (jfs), 235
Joy, Bill, 11
Joystick applet (KDE), 922
joysticks, configuring, 379
jukeboxes
for backups, 417
capacity, 419
K
K3b applet (KDE), 940
Kaboodle, 942
KAddressBook, 968, 968
KAlarm, 932
Kalzium utility (KDE), 936, 936
Kanagram program, 934
Kandy utility (KDE), 932
Karbon14, 968, 968
KArm utility, 933
kasablanca client, 640, 640–641
Kate (editor), 931
KAudioCreator, 927, 940
KBruch, 935
KCalc utility (KDE), 931
KCharSelect (KDE), 933, 933
KChart, 969, 969
KColorChooser, 982, 982
kcontrol command, 838
KCron applet (KDE), 943
KDat, 944
kdb package, 166
KDE (K Desktop Environment), 7, 29, 835, 837–839,
839
basic interface, 899–904, 900
KDE panel, 900, 900–901
main menu, 902–904, 903
switching between applications, 901
workspaces and open programs, 901, 901
Edutainment, 934–936, 935
languages, 934–935
mathematics, 935
science, 936, 936
FTP client, 640, 640–641
KDE Control Center, 904–945, 905
Appearance and Themes, 905, 905–909
Desktop, 909, 909–911
Internet & Network, 912, 912–917
KDE Components, 918, 918–919
Peripherals, 920, 920–922
Power Control, 922–923, 923
Regional & Accessibility, 923, 923–924
Security & Privacy, 924–925, 925
Sound & Multimedia, 925–928, 926
System Administration, 928, 928–930
utilities, 930–934
accessibility, 931
desktop customization, 931
editors, 931
file management, 931–932
Internet, 936–940, 937
menus, 930
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KDE ACCESSIBILITY TOOL • KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS APPLET (KDE)
peripherals, 932
personal informaiton management,
932–933
sound multimedia, 940–942, 942
system, 942–945, 943
KDE Accessibility tool, sound for, 927
KDE Desktop Environment Package Details
window, 317–318, 318
KDE Desktop Environment package group,
85, 170
KDE Groupware Wizard, 933
KDE Icon Editor, 979
KDE Screen Ruler, sound for, 927
KDE Software Development package group, 88,
170
KDE System Guard, sound for, 927
KDE System Notifications, sound for, 927
KDE Wallet applet (KDE), 925
KDEPrintFax utility, 932
KDiskFree utility, 945
kdm.log file, 405
KDVI Viewer, 976, 977
KEdit (editor), 931
KeepAlive directive (Apache), 729
KeepAlive On variable (CUPS), 584
keepcache directive, and saving downloaded
packages, 620
Kerberos, 191
SELinux protection for, 506
Kerberos category, 485–486
Kerberos Telnet, 522–523
kernel, 7–8, 12–14, 323
building modules, 356
changing configuration, summary, 388–389
compressed (vmlinuz), 50
configuration menus, 357–362
kernel RPM packages, 357–358
configuring, 13, 13, 411–412
customizing, 352–356
source code preparation, 353–355
and hardware, 325
in LPI Level II exam, 788
making image, 355–356
monolithic vs. modular, 13–14
need for changing, 344
patch, 351–352
/proc filesystem, 13
and quota setting, 287
recompiling, 343
source code SRPM, 348–350
download sources, 350–351, 351
setup, 351
top-level menus, 363–386
Block Layer, 366, 367
Bus Options, 369, 369, 370
Code Level Maturity Options, 364, 365
Cryptographic Options, 386
Device Drivers, 372, 372–386, 373
Executable File Formats, 369, 370
File Systems, 386
General Setup, 364, 365
Instrumentation Support, 386
Kernel Hacking, 386
Library Routines, 386
Loadable Module Support, 365–366, 366
Networking, 370–372, 371
Power Management Options, 368, 368–369
Processor Type And Features, 366–368, 367
Security Options, 386
upgrades, 344–348
installing newest Fedora Core Kernel,
344–347, 345
version numbers, 345
yum updates and, 310
kernel command (isolinux.cfg), 51
kernel-debugging messages, 59
Kernel Development package group, 358
Kernel Hacking kernel menu, 386
kernel log daemon, 400
kernel panic, 333–334, 334
Kernel Parameter Help screen, 120, 121
kernel SRPM, 357
kernel variable (GRUB), 329
kernel.org Internet sites, 350
Kexi, 969
keyboard
configuring, 379
in Kickstart Configurator, 186
Fedora Core Keyboard tool, 42–43, 43
in GNOME
customizing accessibility, 864, 865
on-screen, 864
preferences, 874, 874
Keyboard applet (KDE), 922
keyboard command (Kickstart), 178, 184
Keyboard Configuration screen, 62, 63
Keyboard Layout applet (KDE), 924
Keyboard Shortcuts applet (KDE), 924
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KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS WINDOW (GNOME) • KPALMDOC TOOL (KDE)
Keyboard Shortcuts window (GNOME), 874,
874–875
KFileReplace tool (KDE), 931
KFontView, 933
KFormula, 969
KGet, 937
sound for, 927
KGhostView, 976, 976
KGpg tool, 933
KHangMan program, 934
KHexEdit utility (KDE), 932
Kickstart configuration file. See also GUI Kickstart
Configurator
analyzing default, 176–185
authentication options, 181–182
bootloader command, 179
firewall, 181
graphics, 179–180
hard drive partition setup, 182–183
install command, 177–178
keyboard command, 178
lang command, 178
langsupport command, 178
network settings, 180
other commands, 184–185
%packages command, 183
post-installation commands, 183
preinstallation commands, 177
root password, 181
timezone directive, 179
from boot disk, 194–197
default, 163
in Red Hat exams, 823
specifying, 117
testing, 197
Kid3 applet, 940
Kig program, 935
kill command, 408, 410
kill script, 332–333
KInetD, sound for, 928
KInfoCenter applet (KDE), 943
Kiosk Admin Tool, 943
Kiten, 934
Kivio, 969
KJobViewer, 932
KJots utility, 933
KLaptop, 902
KLatin, 935
KLettres utility, 935
Klipper (KDE), 902, 931
klogd daemon, 400
KMag tool (KDE), 931
KMail, 937, 937
sound for, 928
KMid, 942
KMix (KDE Sound Mixer), 940
KMouseTool applet (KDE), 931
KMouth applet (KDE), 931
KmPlot program, 935
KNetAttach tool (KDE), 938
KNewsTicker, 940
KNode (newsgroup reader), 938
Knoppix, 26, 29, 227, 334
KNotes utility (KDE), 931
KOffice, 967–975
applications, 967
KAddressBook, 968, 968
Karbon14, 968, 968
KChart, 969, 969
Kexi, 969
KFormula, 969
Kivio, 969
KOffice Workspace, 970, 970
Kontact, 970
KOrganizer, 971, 971
KPlato, 971
KPresenter, 971
Krita, 971
Kspread, 972, 972–973
KThesaurus, 975
Kugar, 975
KWord, 973–975, 974
KOffice Workspace, 970, 970
KolourPaint, 979, 979
Kompose applet, 934, 934
Konqueror (web browser), 17, 938, 938, 939
Konsole, 928
Kontact, 970
Konversation applet (KDE), 938
Kooka, 981
Kopete Messenger, sound for, 928
Kopete utility (KDE), 938, 939
KOrganizer, 971, 971
Korn (mail checker), 940
Korn shell, 251
Kover applet, 934, 941
Kpager (KDE), 931
KPalmDOC tool (KDE), 932
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KPDF • LIBGNOMECUPS PACKAGE
KPDF, 976
KPercentage utility, 935
Kphone, 938
KPilot utility, 932
KPlato, 971
KPPP, 938
KPPP Log Viewer, 940
KPresenter, 971
KRandR Tray, 943
krb5-workstation RPM package, 522
Krdc tool, 938
KRec utility, 941
Krecipes applet, 934
KRegExpEditor, 933
Krfb tool, 944
Krita, 971
ks command (isolinux.cfg), 51
KSayIt applet (KDE), 931
KsCD (CD player), 941, 942
ks.cfg file, 194
KSirc, 928, 939
KSnapshot, 981
Kspread, 972, 972–973
KStars utility (KDE), 936
ksyms log file, 405
KSysGuard, 944, 944
KThesaurus, 975
KTimer, 933
KTip (Kandalf), 931
KTouch program (KDE), 935
kttsmgr applet (KDE), 931
KTurtle program (KDE), 935
kudzu configuration tool, 41
Kudzu tool, 44, 44
Kugar, 975
Kuickshow, 980, 980
KUser (KDE User Manager), 944, 944
Kverbos utility, 935
KVocTrain, 935
KWiFiManager, 940
KwikDisk tool, 945
KWord, 973–975, 974
KWordQuiz, 936
KWrite (editor), 931
L
l command (fdisk), 228
l (location in LDAP), 670
label command (isolinux.cfg), 51
labels
for disks, 238
in mount command, 240
for partitions, fdisk for revising, 230–231
LAN (local area network), 438
configuring computer on, 453–458
lang command (Kickstart), 178, 184
langsupport command (Kickstart), 178, 184
language
configuring
in First Boot process, 159, 160
in Kickstart Configurator, 186
educational tools for, 934–935
for GUI, 843
for web server error messages, 748
Language Selection screen, 62, 63
LanguagePriority directive (Apache), 746
Languages category of package groups, 91, 91
laptop computers
compatibility issues, 34
GNOME power management, 868
KDE power control module, 902
lastlog file, 405
Launch Feedback applet (KDE), 907
LBA (Logical Block Addressing), 134, 226
LCD monitors, 833
LDAP Data Interchange Format (LDIF), 670
LDAP (Lightweight Directory Assistance
Protocol), 191, 602, 659. See also OpenLDAP
adding data to database, 673–674
client configuration, 675
enabling support, 676–677
migrating authentication data to, 674–675
starting server, 673
ldbm directive, 671
LDIF (LDAP Data Interchange Format), 670, 673
LE (logical extent), 246
leasing IP addresses, 461, 560
Legacy Network Server package group, 89, 170
Legacy Software Development package group, 88,
170
Legacy Software Support package group, 90, 171
less command, 210–211
/lib directory, 224
/lib/modules/x directory, 356
/lib/security directory, 487
libgcc package, 166
libglade2 package, 357
libgnomecups package, 570
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1106
LIBRARY ROUTINES KERNEL MENU • LINUX KERNEL FILE SYSTEMS MENU
Library Routines kernel menu, 386
libselinux-dev package, 168
license agreement
accepting, 146–150, 147
for Samba, 680
lighttpd package, 725
Lightweight Directory Assistance Protocol
(LDAP), 191, 602, 659, 669–675
LILO (Linux Loader), 324, 328
Limit command (CUPS Location directive), 588
Limit directive (Apache), 738
LimitExcept command (CUPS Location directive),
588
LimitExcept directive (Apache), 738
Lindows, 17
line numbers in vi, 216, 217
Lineox, 6
lines of file
count of, 214
displaying first or last, 210
LINESPEED variable, 473
Link layer (TCP/IP), 443
links, 207
Linmodems support page, 468
Linspire, 17
Linux
advantages, 3, 14–16
basic components, 7–9
daemons, 8–9
init program, 8
kernel, 7–8
network modules, 8
shells and utilities, 9
X Window, 9
bridge between Microsoft Windows and. See
Samba (smbd)
configuring on same computer with Microsoft
Windows, 23–30
NTFS partition splitting, 28–30
procedure steps for VFAT partitions, 26–28
using existing hard drive, 25–26
using new hard drive, 24–25
directory structure, 224–226
history, 9–12
role of computer, 16–18
business size and, 18
on desktop, 17
Fedora Core as workstation, 17–18
as server, 16–17
translations of English technical terms, 159
Linux administrators, backups by, 417
linux askmethod command, 57, 120, 126
Linux+ certification exam (CompTIA), 324, 777
components, 778–784
basic Linux hardware, 783–784
Configuration, 781–782
Documentation, 783
Installation, 778–779
Management, 779–781
Security, 782
preparing for, 777–778
Linux certifications, 777. See also Linux
Professional Institute
SAIR Linux/GNU Installation and
Configuration Exam, 791–794
applications, 793
base systems, 792
shells and commands, 792–793
system services, 793
theory of operation, 791–792
troubleshooting, 793–794
SAIR Linux/Networking Exam, 796–800
applications, 799–800
base systems, 797
shells and commands, 797
system services, 797–799
theory of operation, 796–797
troubleshooting, 800
SAIR Linux/Security,Ethics and Privacy
Exam, 800–803
applications, 802–803
base, 801
shells and commands, 801–802
system services, 802
theory of operation, 801
troubleshooting, 803
SAIR Linux/System Administration Exam
applications, 796
base systems, 795
shells and commands, 795
system services, 795
theory of operation, 794
troubleshooting, 794–796
Linux Certified Administrator, 791
linux dd command, 120
Linux Documentation Project, Hardware
Compatibility HOWTO, 33, 35
Linux kernel File Systems menu, 385, 385–386
09993.book Page 1107 Thursday, June 1, 2006 11:09 PM
LINUX LOADER (LILO) • LOGICAL VOLUMES (LV)
Linux Loader (LILO), 324, 328
linux mediacheck command, 53, 120
Linux-Mobile-Guide, 34
linux noprobe command, 57, 120
Linux Professional Group, 791
Linux Professional Institute, 777
General Linux II exam, 788–791
administrative tasks, 789
boot, initialization, shutdown and
runlevels, 788
documentation, 789
kernel, 788
network fundamentals, 789–790
networking services, 790
printing, 788
security, 790–791
shells, scripts, programming, compiling,
789
Level 1 exam, 784–791
devices, filesystems, 787
GNU and Unix commands, 786
hardware and architecture, 785–786
installation and package management, 786
X Window System, 787–788
linux reiserfs command, 120
linux rescue command, 120, 335
options, 336
Linux Terminal Server Project, 530–531
linux updates command, 120
linux upgradeany command, 58, 98–99
Linuxcare, 16
Listen directive, 731
Live CD/DVD, 227
Livna repository, 307
LLC (Logical Link Control), 441
lmhosts file (Samba), 688
ln command, 207
Load directive (xorg.conf), 847
Loadable Module Support kernel menu, 365–366,
366
LoadModule command (Apache), 756
local area network (LAN), 438
local command (isolinux.cfg), 51
local-host-names file (sendmail), 599
Local Network Browsing applet (KDE), 913, 914
Local Network Chat applet (KDE), 913
local update repository
creating, 619–621
downloading and yummifying updates, 621–622
installation files as foundation, 622–624
mirroring, 624–628
Extras, 627–628
installation packages, 626
updates, 626–627
sharing, 628–631
on LAN, 628–629
modifying clients, 630–631
testing updates, 623
localboot command (isolinux.cfg), 51
LOCAL_DOMAIN command (sendmail), 605
localdomain.zone file, 544
localhost address, 726
localhost zone files, 544, 544–545
local_umask command, 642
LOCALVERSION variable, 364
locate command, 213, 215
refreshing database for, 394
<Location /> containers (CUPS), 587–588
locking files, in shared NFS directory, 649
log files, 391
for Apache, 739–741, 762
categories, 401–402
for CUPS, 590, 590–591
CUPS variables, 579–581
detecting break-ins, 514, 514
GUI logs, 407–408
for Linux X Window, 854–856
partitions and, 223
in Samba, 692–693
for troubleshooting, 400–408
daemon logs, 404–405
remote logs, 406–407
system logs, 402–403
for troubleshooting local install, 61, 96–97
logfile directive (yum), 302
LogFormat directive (Apache), 740
Logical Block Addressing (LBA), 134, 226
logical extent (LE), 246
Logical Link Control (LLC), 441
logical partitions, 22, 227
Logical Volume Management (LVM) system, 103,
223, 246–250. See also volume groups
logical volumes (LV), 246, 375
creating, 131, 131, 247–248
from Disk Druid, 67
manual rescue mode and, 338
options for unallocated, 248–249
removing, 249
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1108
LOGIN • MAKEMAP COMMAND (SENDMAIL)
login
checking identity, 409
detecting remote, 403, 404
directories configuration, 703–704
Samba to manage, 696
Login Manager applet (KDE), 929, 929
login programs, 9
LogLevel command (Apache), 757
LogLevel directive (Apache), 740
LOGNAME environment variable, 256
Logo Configuration submenu, 382
logrotate command, 265
logrotate job, 393, 402
logvol command (Kickstart), 183, 184
lokkit, 499, 530
long list format, for file listing, 203, 203
loopback IP address, 448, 727
/lost+found directory, 224
lowres command (isolinux.cfg), 51
lp commands, 591–593
lpadmin command, 577
lpc command, 593
LPD sharing, activating, 590
lpoptions file (CUPS), 578
lpq command, 592
lpr command, 591–592
lprm command, 592
LPRng (Line Printer, Next Generation), 563
ls command, 201, 202–204
piping output, 258
ls command (FTP), 637
lsmod command, 327, 327–328
LV (logical volume), 246
lvdisplay command, 338
lvm command, 338
LVM (Logical Volume Management) system, 103,
223, 246–250
lvmout file, 96
lvscan command, 338
M
m command (fdisk), 228
MAC (Media Access Control), 441
MAC address, 441, 446
Mac OS X, 3
Maginnis, Tobin, 791
Magnifier (GNOME), 864
Mail Delivery Agents (MDA), 595–596
MAIL environment variable, 256
mail (LDAP), 670
mail log file, 405
mail readers, 596
Mail Server package group, 89, 171
mail services. See also sendmail service
alternatives, 596–597
basics, 595–597
clients, 612–616
Balsa, 962, 962–963
graphical, 615–616
selecting preferred, 869
text-based, 612–614
incoming e-mail servers, 609–612
Dovecot service, 610–611
IMAP4 e-mail server, 611–612
POP3 e-mail server, 611
Postfix, 607–609
preventing server overload, 603
switching between, 597, 597
Mail User Agents (MUA), 595–596
mailboxes, retrying delivery when full, 603
mailertable file (sendmail), 599
mailing lists
for reporting problems, 19
support from, 15
maillog file, 405
MAILTO variable, 394
main.cf file (Postfix), 608
make bzImage command, 353, 355
CPU and time requirement, 356
make clean command, 353
make command, for new sendmail.cf and
submit.mc files, 607
make config command, 359, 359
make dep command, 353
make gconfig command, 361, 361
make install command, 387
Make LVM Volume Group dialog box, 72, 73
make menuconfig command, 359–361, 360
make modules command, 353, 356
make modules_install command, 353, 356
make mrproper command, 354
Make RAID Device dialog box, 71, 72, 189, 189
Make RAID Device menu, 132
make xconfig command, 361–362, 362
makedefs.out file (Postfix), 608
Makefile file, 353–354, 358
for NIS database, 664
makemap command (sendmail), 599
09993.book Page 1109 Thursday, June 1, 2006 11:09 PM
MAN BOOTPARAM COMMAND • MOD_AUTH_PGSQL PACKAGE
man bootparam command, 120
man page, 188
manual rescue mode, 337–338
manual.conf file (Apache), 754
maps in NIS, 659
MASQUERADE_AS command (sendmail), 605
MASQUERADE_DOMAIN command (sendmail),
605
masquerading, 483
Master Boot Record (MBR)
BIOS and, 323
setting drive with, 78, 136
master DNS server, 539
master.cf file (Postfix), 608
Math (OpenOffice.org), 958, 958
mathematics, educational tools for, 935
MaxClients directive (Apache), 730
MaxClients variable (CUPS), 584
MaxClientsPerHost variable (CUPS), 585
MaxCopies variable (CUPS), 582
MaxJobs variable (CUPS), 582
MaxJobsPerPrinter variable (CUPS), 582
MaxJobsPerUser variable (CUPS), 582
MaxKeepAliveRequests directive (Apache), 729
MaxLogSize variable (CUPS), 580
MaxRequestSize variable (CUPS), 585
MaxRequestsPerChild directive (Apache), 730, 731
MaxSpareServers directive (Apache), 730
MaxSpareThreads directive (Apache), 730
MD5 encryption, 190
MD5 passwords, 485
MDA (Mail Delivery Agents), 595–596
mdadm command, 432–433
Media Access Control (MAC), 441
/media directory, 225
/media/disk/RPM-GPG-KEY*, 314
mediacheck, checking integrity with, 53, 54, 55, 55
member server, 681
memory. See RAM
Memory Technology Devices (MTD) menu, 373
memtext86 command (isolinux.cfg), 51
menu.lst file, 93
menus in text mode, selecting from, 122
message file, 402, 643
Message Transfer Agents (MTA), 595–596
Micro Channel Architecture, 369
Microsoft Internet Information Server, 723
Microsoft Outlook Express, and Transport Layer
Security (TLS), 604
Microsoft server, 681
Microsoft Vista operating system, 28
Microsoft Windows
bridge between Linux and. See Samba (smbd)
configuring Linux on same computer with,
23–30
NTFS partition splitting, 28–30
procedure steps for VFAT partitions, 26–28
using existing hard drive, 25–26
using new hard drive, 24–25
Linux as alternative, 17
SSH on, 527
Microsoft Windows 98 boot disk, 27
Microsoft Windows NTLDR, 76
Microsoft Windows partitions, Linux install and,
127
middle mouse button emulation, 41
MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions),
738–739
mime.convs file (CUPS), 578
MIMEMagicFile directive (Apache), 739
mime.types file (CUPS), 578
minicom, 471, 471–473
minimum command (localhost.zone file), 545
Minix, 11
MinSpareServers directive (Apache), 730
MinSpareThreads directive (Apache), 730
mirroring
for kernel.org site, 350
with local update repository, 624–628
Extras, 627–628
installation packages, 626
updates, 626–627
mirrorlist directive, 303
/misc directory, 224
automounted directories on, 243
mkbootdisk command, 334
mkdir command, 208–209
for user home directory, 278
mkfs command, 232, 236–237
mkisofs command, 426
mklabel command (parted), 232
mkpart command (parted), 232
mkpartfs command (parted), 232
mkswap command, 237
/mnt directory, 225
/mnt/sysimage/root/install.log file, 93
mod_auth_mysql package, 726
mod_auth_pgsql package, 726
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MODE DIRECTIVE (XORG.CONF) • NATIONAL CENTER FOR SUPERCOMPUTING APPLICATIONS (NCSA)
Mode directive (xorg.conf), 847
ModelName directive (xorg.conf), 847
MODEMPORT variable, 473
modems, 464
baud rate, 469
configuring, 468–470, 469
minicom for, 471, 471–473
Modes directive (xorg.conf), 847
modprobe.conf file, 96
mod_status module (Apache), 734
modular kernel, 13–14
Module directive (xorg.conf), 847
modules
in Apache, 731–734
building, 356
listing, 327, 327–328
modules file, 41
Moneydance, 17
monitor
Fedora Core recommendation, 36
setup for two, 833–834, 834
Monitor directive (xorg.conf), 847
Monitor window, 153, 154, 832–833, 833
monolithic kernel, 13–14, 366
more command, 210–211, 258
Morton, Andrew, 345
Motif window manager, 835
mount command, 105, 239–240
mount command (Samba), 684
mount point, 239
mount.cifs command, 683, 708
mountd daemon, fixing port for, 651
mounted partition, fsck command and, 241
mounting
directories, 239–240
RAID array, 433
Mouse applet (KDE), 922
mouse command (Kickstart), 184
Mouse Configuration tool, 41
mouse, configuring, 379
Mouse preferences window (GNOME), 875, 875
move command (parted), 232
mozilla-devel package, 169
MS-DOS boot disks, creating, 27
MTA (Message Transfer Agents), 595–596
MUA (Mail User Agents), 595–596
multi-device support, 375, 376
multicast support, and DHCP, 556
Multics (Multiplexed Information and Computing
Service), 10
multimedia applications in GNOME
GNOME Baker, 892, 892
Grip, 892, 893
Helix Player, 893, 894
Rhythmbox, 893, 894
multimedia applications in KDE, 940–942
configuring, 925–928
Multimedia Devices menu, 382, 382
multipath support, 416
Multiplexed Information and Computing Service
(Multics), 10
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME),
738–739
MultiSynK applet, 933
multiuser mode, runlevel and, 331
multiuser server, 9
must be authenticated error message, 486
mutt, 172
configuring for e-mail, 612
mv (move) command, 206
mwm file (X), 841
MySQL, 949
MySQL package group, 89, 171
mysqld.log file, 405
N
n command (fdisk), 228, 229
name command (parted), 232
name directive, 303
name server, for network adapter, 190
Name Server Switch configuration file, 675
Name Switch Cache, 191
named daemon, 16, 456, 537, 547
named.broadcast file, 544
named.ca file, 544
named.ip6.local file, 544
named.local file, 544, 545
named_write_master_zones directive, 540
named.zero file, 544
names
for files, changing, 206
for partitions, 23
nameserver, 537
NameVirtualHost directive (Apache), 753
nat table for iptables, 492
National Center for Supercomputing Applications
(NCSA), 723
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NAUTILUS • NFS-UTILS PACKAGE
Nautilus, 858, 895, 896
ncpfs RPM package, 442
ncsd daemon, 191
ncurses-devel package, 357
ncurses package, 357
NdisWrapper project, 35, 476–477
net commands (Samba), 708
/net directory, 225
NetBEUI (NetBIOS Enhanced User Interface), 437,
441–442
NETMASK variable, 473
netstat command, 451, 480, 480
NetWare, 442
network. See also installing Linux over network
text mode for configuring, 136, 136, 137
network adapter cards
assigning different hardware addresses to, 455
choosing during install, 123
compatibility issues, 34
hardware address for, 439
Pre-boot eXecution Environment (PXE), 530
Samba access to, 695
setting up, 466–470, 467
network address, 438, 448, 459
network command (Kickstart), 184
Network Configuration, 79, 79–80
Network Configuration menu, 466
Network Configuration menu (Kickstart
Configurator), 190, 190
Network Configuration window, 468
Network Device Information dialog box, 190, 190
Network File System (NFS). See NFS (Network File
System)
Network Information Service (NIS), 191, 659. See
also NIS (Network Information Service)
Network Installation and Diskless Environment
tool, 113, 530, 533
Network Installation Dialog window, 114, 115
Network layer (OSI), 441
network mask, 446, 459–460, 557
for network adapter, 190
network modules, 8
Network Packet FIltering submenu, 371
Network Proxy Preferences window (GNOME),
876, 876
Network Servers package group, 89, 171
Network Settings applet (KDE), 913
network settings, in Kickstart configuration file,
180
Network Time Protocol (NTP), 412
server, 558
Networking kernel menu, 370–372, 371
Networking Options submenu, 371–372
networks
configuration files, 456–458
configuring, 460–461
corrections on Red Hat exams, 817–818
creating connections, 463–479
fundamentals, 437–439
hardware, 452–453
KDE parameters for, 912–917
listing shares available on local, 684
in LPI Level II exam, 789–790
troubleshooting, 479–482
wireless, 378, 378, 475–479
adapter card compatibility issues, 35
configuring, 465, 477–479
experimental device drivers, 476
list of available, 479
MADWiFi project, 475–476
NdisWrapper project, 476–477
plug-and-play hardware, 475
proprietary drivers, 476
troubleshooting, 452
New Access Control List window, 553, 553–554
NewRPMS repository, 307
news log file, 406
News Server package group, 89, 171
newsgroups
database, 35
for reporting problems, 19
NewsTicker, sound for, 928
newusers command, 279
NFS (Network File System), 103, 515, 635
clients, 656–657
diskless workstation configuration, 532
SELinux protection for, 507
server configuration, 647–653
daemons, 648–649
exports setup, 649–651
packages, 648
security, 651–652
server preparation for Linux install over
network, 104–107
starting, 652–653
NFS Server Configuration tool, 653, 653–656
nfs service, 16
nfs-utils package, 648
1111
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NIBBLE • PACKAGE GROUPS
nibble, 449
nice command, 408, 410
NIS (Network Information Service), 191, 659
clients, 666–669
commands, 667–668
/etc/nsswitch.conf file, 668–669
yp.conf for configuring, 667
enabling support, 676
SELinux protection for, 507
server setup, 659–666
configuration files, 664–665
database map, 663–664
NIS domain definition, 661
packages, 660–661
shared files, 661–663
slave server, 665–666
nisdomainname command, 456
nmbd command (Samba), 707
nmbd daemon, 688
Noatun utility, 942
nohup command, 408, 410
non-plug-and-play hardware, 40
notebook computers. See laptop computers
Novell, 10, 442
support for Linux, 3
NS command (localhost.zone file), 545
NTFS partition, splitting, 28–30
ntfsresize FAQ website, 28
ntfsresize package, 25
NTP (Network Time Protocol), 412
NTP server, 151, 152, 412–413
ntsysv utility, 399, 400, 400
O
O command (vi), 219
o (open) command (vi), 218, 219
o (organization name), 670
objectClass (LDAP), 670
obsoletes directive (yum), 302
ODBC, 949
Office/Productivity package group, 86, 171
office suites in Linux, 947. See also GNOME Office;
KOffice; OpenOffice.org
ONBOOT variable, 473
One Laptop Per Chld (OLPC) initiative, 3
oobase command, 948
oocalc command, 950
oodraw command, 952
oowriter command, 956
open source, 10
Open SSH package, 527
OpenLDAP, 669
installing RPM packages, 669
server configuration, 669–672
OpenOffice.org, 7, 17, 171, 947–959
Base, 948, 949
and census data, 950
Calc, 950, 950–951
Draw, 952, 952–954
Impress, 954–956, 955
Math, 958, 958
starting applications, 948
Writer, 956–958, 957
openssh-clients package, 166
openssl-devel package, 168
operating system
Anaconda detection of, 135
configuring GRUB to boot in multiple, 329
default, selecting, 135
OProfile system, 386
/opt directory, 225
space requirements, 133
Option directive (xorg.conf), 847
Options directive (Apache), 735
ORacle JDBC, 949
Order command (CUPS Location directive), 588
$ORIGIN command (localhost.zone file), 545
orphan files, 224
OSI (Open Standards Interconnection) model, 437,
439
levels, 440, 440–441
OSTYPE command (sendmail.mc), 600
ou (organizational unit), 670
output, redirecting, 257–258
owner of files, displaying in file list, 203
owner of home directory, assigning for new user, 278
P
p command (fdisk), 228, 229
package groups, 84. See also specific names of
packages
Applications category, 86, 86
Base System category, 90, 90
categories, 173–174
Desktop Environments category, 85
Development category, 87–88, 88
Languages category, 91, 91
Servers category, 88–89, 89
09993.book Page 1113 Thursday, June 1, 2006 11:09 PM
PACKAGE MANAGEMENT • PATH APPLET (KDE)
package management, in LPI Level 1 exam, 786
Package Selection menu (Kickstart Configurator),
193, 193
Package updater (Pup), 316–317, 317
<packagelist> tag (comps.xml), 165
<packagereq> tag (comps.xml), 165
packages. See also RPM packages
%packages command, in Kickstart configuration
file, 183
packets, 441
page down command (less), 211
page up command (less), 210
pagers, 211
PalmOS Devices, GNOME support, 867–868, 868
PAM (Pluggable Authentication Module), 483,
487–490, 488
basic configuration, 487–488
control flags, 488–489
example, 489–490
module types, 488
pam_service_name file, 645
panel icons, in GNOME, 859
Panel Properties window (GNOME), 860, 860
Panels applet (KDE), 910, 910
panels in GNOME, 858, 858–859
PAPNAME variable, 473
Parallel Port Support menu, 373
parallel ports, 374
Anaconda and, 24
parent directory, 260
part command (Kickstart), 182, 184
parted utility, 26, 231–234
Partition Information menu (Kickstart
Configurator), 188, 188–189
Partition Magic, 27, 76, 235
Partition Options dialog box, 188, 189
partition tables
displaying, 74
restoring original, 27–28
partitions
automatic options, 128
creating, 22–23, 130, 130
and flexibililty, 223
formatting, 236–237
increasing size, 234
managing, 226–235
fdisk for adding, 227, 227–230
fdisk for label revision, 230–231
parted for adding, 231–234
with QtParted, 235, 235
names for, 23
for RAID, 431–432
on Red Hat exams, 818
schemes for, 226
setup in Kickstart configuration file, 182–183
setup with Disk Druid, 66, 66–74
sizes, 132–133
splitting NTFS, 28–30
styles, 22
partitions file, 41
partitions (Microsoft Windows), Linux install and,
127
passphrase, for Apache, 759
passwd command, 339
passwd package, 166
passwd.md5 file (CUPS), 578
Password & User Account applet (KDE), 925
Password Generator (GNOME), 884, 884
Password module (PAM), 488
password variable (GRUB), 329
passwords, 486
for bootloader, 76, 77
copying encrypted, 279
encryption, 964
encryption for LDAP, 672
for GRUB, 134, 135, 330
for installing Linux from FTP server, 178
for Microsoft Windows network, 688–689
for mount commands, 683
for new user, 278
for root user, 139
Kickstart setting for, 181
in Samba, 693–694, 716, 716–717
security, 273, 485
setting restrictions, 280–281
in Shadow Password Suite, 285–286
converting, 286
testing, 285
transferring ecrypted, 672
PATA (Parallel Advanced Technology
Attachment) drives, 22
BIOS and, 39–40
patch, for kernel, 351–352
path
absolute, 201
displaying, 202
vs. relative, 204
adding directory to, 256
of scripts, 264
Path applet (KDE), 930
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PATH ENVIRONMENT VARIABLE • PRESENTATION LAYER (OSI)
PATH environment variable, 256, 392
Pause action (CUPS), 564
PCCARD (PCMCIA/CardBus) Support submenu,
369, 370
pci file, 41
PCI Hotplug Support submenu, 369, 369
PCMCIA controller, avoiding installing, 59
PCMCIA Network Device Support, 379
PDF (Portable Document Format), 975–976
PE (physical extent), 246
peer-to-peer, 681
PEERDNS variable, 473
Performance applet (KDE), 919
peripherals
configuring in KDE, 920, 920–922
KDE tools for accessing, 932
perl.conf file (Apache), 754
permissions
displaying in file list, 203
for files, 211–213
masked value of, 213
personal desktop users, backups by, 417
personal finance programs, 17
GnuCash, 965, 965
personal informaiton management
Evolution, 963–964
KDE tools for, 932–933
Kontact, 970, 970
PGP (Pretty Good Privacy), RPM and, 314
php.conf file (Apache), 754
php_ldap package, 726
PHY Device Support, 377
physical extent (PE), 246
physical setup, and computer security, 484
physical volume (PV), 246
creating, 246–247
PidFile directive (Apache), 729
pine (mail client), 612
basic configuration, 613
creating message, 614, 614
main menu, 613
message index, 614, 614
ping of death attack, 487
ping utility, 444, 451, 481–482
piping data, 257, 258
pirut utility, 84, 316, 317–318, 318
for installing X Window System packages, 830
use on network, 105
pkgconfig package, 357
pkgpolicy directive (yum), 302
plug-and-play hardware, 44
Plug and Play Support menu, 373–374
Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM), 483
Plugins applet (KDE), 917
.png file format, 62, 94
Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP), 445
pointing devices, with serial port connection, 41
POP (Post Office Protocol), 595
POP3 e-mail server, 611
portmap package, 648, 649, 660
ports
patterns for iptables, 494
for TCP/IP Application-level protocols, 444
post-install file (Postfix), 608
Post-Installation Script menu (Kickstart
Configurator), 194
Post Office Protocol (POP), 595
POST (power-on self-test), 323
Postfix, 171, 595, 607–609
postfix-files file (Postfix), 608
postfix-script file (Postfix), 608
PostgreSQL Database package group, 89, 171
PostScript (PS), 975–976
PostScript Viewer, 976
pound sign (#), as root user command prompt, 208
power failure, and cron tasks, 393
power management
in GNOME, 868
in KDE, 922–923, 923
Power Management Options kernel menu, 368,
368–369
power off, and anacron system, 395
PowerPC (PPC)
booting from CD, 48
Fedora Core support for, 32
ppd/ directory (CUPS), 578
ppds.dat file (CUPS), 578
PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol), 445
ppp log file, 406
Pre-boot eXecution Environment (PXE) network
card, 530
Pre-Installation Script menu (Kickstart
Configurator), 193
prefdm file (X), 841
Preferrred Applications window (GNOME), 869,
869
prelink.log file, 406
Presentation layer (OSI), 440
09993.book Page 1115 Thursday, June 1, 2006 11:09 PM
PRESENTATION SOFTWARE • :Q COMMAND (VI)
presentation software
KPresenter, 971
OpenOffice.org Impress, 954–956, 955
PreserveJobHistory variable (CUPS), 582
Pretty Good Privacy (PGP), RPM and, 314
primary domain controller (PDC), 680
primary partition, 22, 226
creating, 229, 229
splitting, 25, 27–28
Print action (CUPS), 564
print command (parted), 232
print jobs
checking queue, 572–573
CUPS GUI tool to manage, 589, 589–591
deleting from queue, 592
management, 582–583
PrintcapFormat command, 583
PrintcapGUI variable (CUPS), 583
Printer Configuration tool, 686
printer daemon, 8
Printer Model dialog box, 566, 567
printers
accessibility to other printers, 585
adding administrators, 593–594
classes, 574–575, 575
compatibility issues, 34
default, in GNOME, 867
default settings for shared, 704
in Samba
for connection, 686–687
sharing, 702–703
as shared, browsable items, 692
sharing properties, 568
Printers applet (KDE), 922, 922
printers.conf file (CUPS), 578
printing
in LPI Level II exam, 788
SELinux protection for, 507–508
Printing Support package group, 89, 171
priority of program, changing, 408, 410
Privacy applet (KDE), 925
private IP address, 448, 458, 459
private key, 485
encryption of, 759
for SSH, 527
private networks, 458–460
/proc directory, 41, 225
files for hardware information, 325–326
process management, 408–410
Processor Type And Features kernel menu,
366–368, 367
procmail, 596
procps package, 166
programming, in LPI Level II exam, 789
programs
running in background, 258–259
suspending, 259
project management
Imendio Planner, 966–967
KPlato, 971
prompt command (isolinux.cfg), 51
prompt, selecting options, in local install, 56–60, 57
protocol analyzer, 513
protocol stacks, 437, 439
PROVIDER variable, 473
Proxy applet (KDE), 914
proxy_ajp.conf file (Apache), 754
ProxyVia directive (Apache), 751
ps command, 216, 408
PS (PostScript), 975–976
Pseudo Filesystems submenu, 386
pstoraster.convs file (CUPS), 578
public address, 458
public IP address, 459
public key, 485
for SSH, 527
Pup (Package updater), 316–317, 317
Purge action (CUPS), 564
put command (FTP), 637
PV (physical volume), 246
pvcreate command, 247
pwconv command, 279, 286
pwd command, 201, 202
pwd command (FTP), 637
pwunconv command, 286
PXE Boot server configuration, 113–118
adding hosts, 115
copying to TFTP server, 114
DHCP server configuration, 116
First Time Druid for, 113–114, 114
starting boot server, 115–116
starting PXE network installation, 117, 117–118
pxeos command, 114
python.conf file (Apache), 754
Q
q command (fdisk), 228, 229
:q command (vi), 219
1115
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1116
QALCULATE APPLET (KDE) • RED HAT CERTIFIED TECHNICIAN (RHCT)
Qalculate applet (KDE), 934
Qemu, 17
Qmail, 596
QoS And/Or Fair Queuing menu, 372
Qt-based graphical menu, 361
qt-devel package, 170, 357
Qt toolkit, 899
QTParted tool, 26, 28–30
opening, 29, 29
Qucs applet (KDE), 934
query mode, of rpm command, 294–295
question mark (?), as wildcard, 214, 261
Queue Name dialog box, 566, 566
Queue Type dialog box, 566, 567
quit command (parted), 232
quota package, 166, 648
quotacheck command, 288
quotaoff command, 289
quotaon command, 289
quotas, 286–290
for groups, 289
monitoring, 290
for user accounts
creating, 287–289
with touch command, 288
quote characters, 262–263
in sendmail.mc file, 600
R
r command (vi), 219
r (read) permission for file, 211–213
racoon key management daemon, 474
RAID, 375, 429–434
advantages, 430
configuring, 131, 132, 430–431
creating partitions, 431–432
options, 430
setup with Disk Druid, 71, 71–72
software and hardware, 431
RAID array
creating, 432–433
making permanent, 433–434
modifying, 433
mounting, 433
raid command (Kickstart), 183, 184
RAID Options window, 189
RAM
Fedora Core recommendation, 36
minimum requirements, 7
swap space need for, 409
virtual filesystem in, 13. See also /proc
filesystem
ramfs/X.log file, 97
Raster Image Processing Cache variable
(RIPCache), 583
Rawhide, 624
rc.sysinit script, 331
read-only mode, mounting filesystems in, 241–242
read-only rescue mode, 337
read permissions, for uploaded FTP files, 642
read (r) permission for file, 211–213
read-write mode, remounting filesystem in, 337
README file, for kernel, 353
Real Player, 893
reboot command (Kickstart), 183, 184
rebooting, runlevel and, 331
rebuild distribution, 6
rebuilds, 6
recompiling kernel, 343
Red Hat certifications, 805
time management, 823
Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA), 805, 806
exam overview, 810–811
Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE), 784, 805, 806
exam overview, 806–807
exam preparation, 820–824
installation and configuration section,
822–824
troubleshooting and system maintenance,
820–822
prerequisites, 812–816
basic hardware knowledge, 812–813
basic Linux/Unix knowledge, 813
file operations, 813–814
Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS), 813
network security, 816
networking, 815–816
printing, 814
security, 814
shells, 814
system administration, 815
Red Hat Certified Security Specialist (RHCSS), 805,
806
exam overview, 807–809
Red Hat Certified Technician (RHCT), 784, 805, 806
exam overview, 806
exam topics, 816–818
installation and configuration section, 819
09993.book Page 1117 Thursday, June 1, 2006 11:09 PM
RED HAT DESKTOP • RESCUE DISKS
items not covered, 819
prerequisites, 812–816
basic hardware knowledge, 812–813
basic Linux/Unix knowledge, 813
file operations, 813–814
Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS), 813
network security, 816
networking, 815–816
printing, 814
security, 814
shells, 814
system administration, 815
Red Hat Desktop, 6
Red Hat Enterprise Deployment and System
Management Endorsement exam, 810
Red Hat Enterprise Directory Services and
Authentication exam, 808–809
Red Hat Enterprise Linux, 3, 4
access to source RPMs, 638, 638
license agreement, 147
support for, 14–15, 16
System Administration Guide, 178
third-party rebuilds, 6
versions, 5–6
Red Hat Enterprise Security on Network Services
exam, 807–808
Red Hat Enterprise SELinux Policy Administration
exam, 809
Red Hat Enterprise Storage Management
Endorsement exam, 811
Red Hat Enterprise System Monitoring and
Performance Tuning Endorsement exam, 811
Red Hat Package Manager (RPM), 14, 84, 293
Red Hat Private Group scheme, 290
Red Hat Professional Workstation (RHPW), 6
Red Hat Skills courses, 812
redirecting data stream, 257
refresh command (localhost.zone file), 545
refresh rates, for video adapter signals, 31
ReiserFS filesystem, 61, 235
REJECT option for secure services, 515
relative path, 204
Release Notes window, 62, 62
reliability of Linux, 15
reload action for service script, 398
relocated file (Postfix), 608
remote access services, 519
Remote Controls applet (KDE), 922
remote database, configuring LDAP client to read,
675
Remote Desktop (GNOME), 876, 876–877
remote display, setup, 853–854
remote environments
diskless workstation, booting, 535
diskless workstation configuration, 530–535
DHCP server configuration, 531–532
directory setup on server, 531
Fedora Core Network Installation and
Deskless Environment tool, 533–535
NFS configuration, 532
TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol), 531
Secure Shell (SSH), 526–530
configuring, 527
installation, 526–527
sample session, 528
TCP Wrappers for access control, 524–526
xinetd firewall, 525–526
troubleshooting access issues, 529
using extended services, 520–524
FTP servers, 523
Kerberos Telnet, 522–523
xinetd configuration file, 520, 520–521
remote logins, detecting, 403, 404
remote logs, configuring, 406–407
Remote Name Daemon Control utility, 543
remote networks, and DHCP server, 559
remote server
Kickstart commands for installing Fedora Core
from, 178
synchronizing clock with, 412
remote terminals, 380
directory for, 225
RemoteRoot variable (CUPS), 584
Removable Drives and Media Preferences window
(GNOME), 877–878, 878
removable media, mount point for, 225
renice command, 408, 410
repositories, 299–301. See also local update
repository
enabling temporarily, 311
third-party, 307–308
repository of installation files, configuring, 104
repquota command, 290
RequestRoot variable (CUPS), 579
Require command (CUPS Location directive), 588
rescue command (parted), 232
rescue disks, 333–340
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1118
RESCUE MODE • RUN-PARTS COMMAND
rescue mode, 335–338
automatic, 336–337
manual, 337–338
read-only, 337
Resin web server, 724
resize command (parted), 233, 234
resolution
for monitor, 153, 831
Kickstart xconfig settings, 180
for X Window, 193
Resources applet (KDE), 919
restart action for service script, 398
restore command, 422, 424–426, 425
RESTORRB.EXE command, 27–28
Resume action (CUPS), 564
retry command (localhost.zone file), 545
reverse IP addresses, 542
Reverse Master Zone, 539
reverse zone file, 547
RgbPath directive (xorg.conf), 847
RHPW (Red Hat Professional Workstation), 6
Rhythmbox (GNOME), 893, 894
RIPCache variable (CUPS), 583
Ritchie, Dennis, 10
rm command, 206–207
rm command (parted), 233
rmdir command, 209
rndc command, 543
limiting access to, 541
rndc.key file, 540
roaming profiles, user configuration of, 703
root, 330
root (/) directory, space requirements, 133
/root/anaconda-ks.cfg file, 91
root directory, 225
for web server, 735
root DNS servers, 539
/root/install.log file, 91
root password
changing, 339
configuring
in Kickstart Configurator, 186
when installing locally, 82, 82
in Kickstart configuration file, 181
root user, 82
administering as, 208
command prompt for, 208
and FTP server access, 637
home directory for, 225
limiting access with wheel, 285
password for, 139, 139
and sudoers file, 283–284
root variable (GRUB), 329
RootCertDuration variable (CUPS), 583
rootdn directive, 670, 671
rootnoverify variable (GRUB), 329
rootpw command (Kickstart), 181, 184
route command, 480
routers, 451, 453
routing table, 480, 480
Roxen web server, 724
rpc.mountd daemon, 648
rpc.nfsd daemon, 648
rpc.statd daemon, 649
rpm command, 295
query mode, 294–295
RPM packages, 164, 166
and CPU, 295
deletions, 298
dependencies, 297
for DNS, 538
extracting single file, 298–299
installing and updating, 293–299
basic install, 295–296
direct install from downloads, 296
upgrades, 296–297
kernel setup from, 347
listing files in, 295
for NFS, 648
for NIS, 660–661
for OpenLDAP, 669
preserving for repository, 621–622
security, 314–316
updating, 316–320
verifying, 315
yum to remove, 485
RPM (Red Hat Package Manager), 84
rpm2cpio command, 298
rpmbuild command, 350
RPMforge repository, 307
rpmpkgs log file, 406
.rpmsave file extension, 101, 295
rquotad daemon, fixing port for, 651
rsync command, 429, 523, 624–628
rsync servers, downloads using, 29
Ruby package group, 88, 171
“run as” alias, 284
run-parts command, 392
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RUNLEVELS • SCANNING
runlevels, 324, 331, 339–340
booting into different, 817
in LPI Level II exam, 788
service activation at different, 398–400
setting default, 330
starting, 332–333
running processes, displaying current list, 408
running programs in background, 258–259
S
SAIR Linux/GNU Installation and Configuration
Exam, 791–794
applications, 793
base systems, 792
shells and commands, 792–793
system services, 793
theory of operation, 791–792
troubleshooting, 793–794
SAIR Linux/Networking Exam, 796–800
applications, 799–800
base systems, 797
shells and commands, 797
system services, 797–799
theory of operation, 796–797
troubleshooting, 800
SAIR Linux/Security,Ethics and Privacy Exam,
800–803
applications, 802–803
base, 801
shells and commands, 801–802
system services, 802
theory of operation, 801
troubleshooting, 803
SAIR Linux/System Administration Exam
applications, 796
base systems, 795
shells and commands, 795
system services, 795
theory of operation, 794
troubleshooting, 794–796
SAIR (Software Architecture Implementation and
Realization) exams, 791–803
Samba applet (KDE), 914, 915
samba-client package, 681
samba-common package, 681
samba package, 681
Samba Server Configuration Tool, 679, 718–720
creating share, 720
server settings, 718, 718
user management, 719, 719
Samba (smbd), 7, 8, 442
bridge between Linux and Microsoft
Windows, 680–681
RPM packages, 681
configuration file. See also /etc/samba/
smb.conf file
configuration files
lmhosts file, 688
secrets.tdb file, 688
smbpasswd file, 688–689
smbusers file, 689–690
configuring as client, 682–687
shared Samba directory, 682–685
shares in /etc/fstab, 685
connecting to printer, 686–687, 687
daemons, 688
SELinux protection for, 509
SELinux protection for daemons, 150, 151
terminal mode, 685, 686
troubleshooting checklist, 704–707
users and computers management
commands, 708–710
computer accounts configuration,
707–708
samba-swat RPM package, 681, 709
Samba Web Administration Tool (SWAT), 679,
710–717
Globals menu, 712, 712–713
Home menu, 710, 711
Password menu, 716, 716–717
Printers menu, 714–715, 715
Samba Configuration Wizard, 710–712, 711
Server Status menu, 717, 717
Shares menu, 714, 714
View menu, 715, 715–716
SANE (Scanner Access Now Easy), 34
SASL Authentication Server, SELinux protection
for, 509
SATA (Serial IDE) hard drives, 22
BIOS and, 39–40
savedefault variable (GRUB), 329
saving current kernel configuration, 354
/sbin directory, 225
scanModem tool, 468
Scanner Access Now Easy (SANE), 34
scanners, compatibility issues, 34
scanning, 981
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SCHEDULED TASKS • SECURITY ENHANCED LINUX (SELINUX)
scheduled tasks. See cron daemon
single occurence. See at daemon
schema (LDAP), 670
science, educational tools for, 936
SCIM Input Method Setup, 869
SCO Group, 10–11
screen capture programs, 980–981
Screen directive (xorg.conf), 847
screen saver (GNOME), 878, 878
screen saver (KDE), 907, 907
Screenreader (GNOME), 864, 864
ScriptAlias directive (Apache), 742
scripts
creating, 263–266
for cron jobs, 394
in /etc/rc.d/init.d directory, 397, 397–398
in Linux+ certification exam, 781
in LPI Level II exam, 789
making executable, 266
path of, 264
sample, 265
Scriptsock directive (Apache), 742
scroll wheels, 41
scrollkeeper.log file, 406
scsi file, 41
SCSI hard drives, 40
SCSI (Small Computer Systems Interface), 375, 376
Scyld Computing, 34
Search and Indexing applet (GNOME), 879, 879
searches
of file contents, 215
for files, 214
for text in vi, 218
second extended filesystem (ext2), 235
converting to ext3, 237
secrets.tdb file (Samba), 688
Section directive (xorg.conf), 847
Secure Digital cards, 385
secure HTTP protocol (HTTPS), 756
secure log file, 406
Secure Shell (SSH), 473, 526–530
allowing through firewall, 181
configuring, 527
installation, 526–527
sample session, 528
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), 601, 669, 766, 766
security, 483. See also firewall; passwords
for Apache, 628
best practices, 484–487
disabling unneeded services, 484–485
physical setup, 484
uninstalling services, 485
Console Security Level tool, 499–500, 500
for cron daemon, 395
for CUPS printers, 586–587
for at daemon, 396
detecting break-ins, 512–514
encryption, 485–486
Fedora Core Security Level tool, 499
for FTP server, 641
FTP services and, 646–647
IP masquerading, 501–502
in Linux+ certification exam, 782
in LPI Level II exam, 790–791
modes on Microsoft Windows networks, 693
modes on Samba, 693
for NIS, 660
PAM (Pluggable Authentication Module),
487–490, 488
basic configuration, 487–488
control flags, 488–489
example, 489–490
module types, 488
for RPM packages, 314–316
troubleshooting access issues, 514–515
user-based, for websites, 760
WU-FTP and, 523
Security Enhanced Linux (SELinux), 7, 150, 150,
483
configuring, 502–512
concepts, 503
defaults, 503
in Kickstart configuration file, 181
preventing access to services, 530
and Samba, 707
and Security Level Configuration tool, 503–512
Admin category, 504
Compatibility category, 505
Content Locations category, 505
Cron category, 505
FTP category, 505
HTTPD Service category, 505–506, 506
Kerberos category, 506
Name Service category, 507
NFS category, 507
NIS (Network Information Service), 507
other directives, 507–508
printing, 507–508
09993.book Page 1121 Thursday, June 1, 2006 11:09 PM
SECURITY KEYS • SHARED DIRECTORIES
Samba (smbd), 509
SASL Authentication Server, 509
SELinux service protection, 509–511
Spamassassin, 512
Squid proxy server, 512
SSH (Secure Shell), 512
Universal SSL tunnel, 512
security keys, generating, 758–759
Security Level Configuration tool, 852–853
Security Options kernel menu, 386
security printouts (CUPS), 581
segmentation fault, 97
select command (parted), 233
selections, in text-mode menus, 122
selinux command (Kickstart), 184
/selinux directory, 225
SELinux (Security Enhanced Linux), 7, 483
configuring, 502–512
and FTP server access, 646, 647
and Telnet access, 523
for web directories, 753–754
semicolon (;), for Samba comments, 690
Send action (CUPS), 564
sendmail service, 16, 171, 595
commercial version, 596
configuring, 597–607
/etc/aliases file, 598
/etc/mail file, 598–599
/etc/mail/sendmail.cf file, 599–605
/etc/sysconfig/sendmail file, 598
processing and reactivating, 607
RPM packages, 597–598
sendmail.cf configuration file, 597, 599–605
make command for, 607
sendmail.mc file
authorization methods, 601
dnl for comments, 600
serial command (localhost.zone file), 545
serial console, support during installation, 60
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) protocol, 381
serial port
pointing devices using, 41
setup for minicom, 471
server, 681. See also specific types of servers
for downloading Linux, 52
Linux computer as, 16–17
Server Configuration Tools package group, 89, 172
Server Message Block (SMB), 441
server mode for Samba security, 693
ServerAdmin directive (Apache), 735, 763
ServerCertificate variable (CUPS), 583
serverconfig file (X), 841
ServerKey variable (CUPS), 583
ServerLayout directive (xorg.conf), 847
ServerLimit directive (Apache), 730
ServerName command (Apache), 757
ServerName directive (Apache), 735, 763
ServerName variable (CUPS), 579
ServerRoot directive (Apache), 729
ServerRoot variable (CUPS), 579
Servers category of package groups, 88–89, 89
ServerSignature directive (Apache), 741
Servertec web server, 724
ServerTokens directive (Apache), 728
service command, 521–522
Service Configuration tool, 399, 399–400
Service Discovery appliet (KDE), 916
service httpd start command, 761
service httpd status command, 761
Service Location Protocol (SLP), 585
service management tools, 397–400
activation at different runlevels, 398–400
Service Manager applet (KDE), 919
service script status command, 527
service user groups, 272
services
configuring, 93
disabling unneeded, 484–485
Session layer (OSI), 440
Session Manager applet (KDE), 919
Session module (PAM), 488
Sessions window (GNOME), 870, 870
set command (parted), 233
:set nu command (vi), 219
setup package, 166, 648
SGID bit, 213
sha1sum
checking integrity with, 55
when downloading media, 52
Shadow Password Suite, 279, 285–286, 485
shadow passwords, 190
Kickstart configuration file for, 181–182
share, 681
share mode for Samba security, 693
shareable files, 224
shared directories
creating, 290–291
default settings, 704
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SHARED FILES • SPOOL DIRECTORY
for installing Linux over network
on Apache server, 109, 109–110
with FTP server, 111–112
using NFS server, 105–106
from NFS server
listing, 656
mounting, 657
shared files, in NIS, 661–663
sharing local update repository, 628–631
on LAN, 628–629
modifying clients, 630–631
sharing properties for printer, 568
shell characters, 259–260
SHELL environment variable, 256
shell variables, 253, 254–255
export command for, 255
shells, 9. See also bash shell
configuring, 253–256
in LPI Level II exam, 789
showmount command, 656, 657
shutdown
Ctrl+Alt+Del for, 331
in Linux+ certification exam, 780
in LPI Level II exam, 788
runlevel and, 331
signal 11, 97
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), 595, 596
Sims for Linux, 17
single quotes (‘), 262–263
single-user mode
runlevel and, 331
troubleshooting, 339, 339
size of files, displaying in file list, 203
Sketch, 960
skipx command (Kickstart), 184
slapadd command, 673–674
slapd service, 16
slashes, 261–262
slave server
for DNS, 539, 550
for NIS, 661, 665–666
Sleep mode in power management, 868
slocate command, 213
slocate.cron job, 394
SLP (Service Location Protocol), 585
Smail, 597
Smart Boot Manager, 39, 48, 194
Smart Pinyin, 869
/smb directory, 225
SMB (Samba) option for authentication, 191
SMB (Server Message Block), 441, 679
smb service, 16
smbadduser command, 689
smbcacls command (Samba), 707
smbclient command (Samba), 682–685, 705, 707
smbcontrol command (Samba), 707
smbcquotas command (Samba), 707
smbd daemon, 688
smbd server, 708
smbfs module, 683
smbpasswd file (Samba), 688–689, 707, 708
smbprint command, 708
smbstatus command (Samba), 708
smbtar command (Samba), 709
smbtree command (Samba), 684, 709
smbusers file (Samba), 689–690, 707
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol), 595, 596
sn (surname), 670
snapshot of logical volume, 250
sniffer, 513
SOA command (localhost.zone file), 545
Sodipodi, 960
soft limit for quota, 288
soft link, 207
software RAID, 431
Solaris, 11
Sony Vaio Laptop applet (KDE), 930
Sound and Video package group, 86, 172
Sound applet (GNOME), 879, 880
sound cards
compatibility issues, 34
detection by First Boot process, 157, 157
managing, 43, 43–44
support for, 383–384
Sound System applet (KDE), 926
source RPMs, 6, 312–314
space command (less), 210
Spamassassin, 512, 599
spawn command, 526
spec file, 312–313
speech synthesizers, 864
Spell Checker applet (KDE), 919
SPI (Serial Peripheral Interface) protocol, 381
splash screen (KDE), 907, 908
splashimage variable (GRUB), 329
splitting primary partition, 25
spool directory, 579
history of past jobs, 582
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SPOOLER LOG FILE • SWAP SPACE
spooler log file, 406
spreadsheets
Gnumeric, 965–966
KSpread, 972, 972–973
in OpenOffice, 950, 950–951
squid log file, 406
squid package, 726
Squid proxy server, 512, 771
client configuration, 772
squid service, 16
squid.conf file (Apache), 754
SquirrelMail, 610
squirrelmail.conf file (Apache), 755
.src.rpm extension, 312
srm.conf configuration file, 728
/srv directory, 225
ssh-keygen command, 527
SSH (Secure Shell), 473, 512
sshd service (Secure Shell daemon), 16, 403
SSL (Secure Sockets Layer), 601, 669
certificates for mail, 602
#SSLCertificateChainFile command (Apache), 757
SSLCertificateFile command (Apache), 757
SSLCertificateKeyFile command (Apache), 757
SSLCipherSuite command (Apache), 757
ssl.conf file, 754
VirtualHost container, 756
ssl.conf file (Apache), 755
SSLCryptoDevice command (Apache), 756
SSLEngine command (Apache), 757
SSLMutex command (Apache), 756
SSLPassPhraseDialog command (Apache), 756
SSLProtocol command (Apache), 757
SSLRandomSeed command (Apache), 756
SSLSessionCache command (Apache), 756
SSLSessionCacheTimeout command (Apache), 756
#SSLVerifyClient command (Apache), 757
#SSLVerifyDepth command (Apache), 757
Stallman, Richard, 12
standard error (stderr), 257, 258
standard input (stdin), 257
standard output (stdout), 257
StarOffice, 947
start action for service script, 398
start script, 332–333
starthere file (X), 841
StartServers directive (Apache), 730
startup, in Linux+ certification exam, 780
startx command, 840, 841
statd daemon, fixing port for, 651
static files, 224
static hostnames, 456
static IP addresses
assigning, 80
for diskless workstations, 532
troubleshooting, 144
statistics-file directive, 541
statistics file (sendmail), 599
status action for service script, 398
stderr (standard error), 257, 258
stdin (standard input), 257
stdout (standard output), 257
stop action for service script, 398
Storage Media applet (KDE), 922
Stream Configuration Transport Protocol, 372
striping without parity, 430
strong passwords, 285
Stronghold web server, 724
stty command, 259–260
stunnel, 512
styles, for KDE desktop, 908
Stylesheets applet (KDE), 917
subdirectories, 224
subdomains, 439
submit.cf configuration file, 597, 599, 606
submit.mc file, make command for, 607
subnet, 458
subnet mask, 557
SubSection directive (xorg.conf), 847
sudo command, 208, 284
for administrative commands, 228
sudo package, 166
sudoers file, and root user, 283–284
suffix directives, 671
SUID bit, 213
Sun Microsystems, 11
Sun Open Net Environment, 723
Sun Open Net Environment, 724
Super VGA, 830
SuperKaramba, 902, 931
superuser, 82. See also root user
support for Linux, 15–16
SuSE Linux, 10
suspending programs, 259
swap partition, 22, 74, 132
configuring, 189
creating, 237
swap space, and need for more RAM, 409
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SWAT • TEMPORARY FILES
SWAT. See Samba Web Administration Tool
(SWAT)
switchdesk command, 842
switchdesk-gui package, 867
switches, 453
switching between applications
in GNOME, 860
in KDE, 901, 901
symbolic mode, 207
Symmetric Multiprocessing (SMP) kernels, 31
/sys directory, 225
sysconfig file (X), 841
syslog file, 97, 400
syslogd daemon, 400
and remote logging, 406
System Administration applet (KDE), 928, 928–930
system administration commands, directory for,
225
System Bell applet (KDE), 926
System Clock Uses UTC option, 81, 138, 413
System Commander, 27, 76
system-config-authentication command, 676
system-config-bind package, 551
system-config-boot command, 160
system-config-date utility, 860
system-config-display command, 193, 829, 830
system-config-httpd command, 762, 764
system-config-keyboard utility, 43, 62
system-config-kickstart command, 185
system-config-languages tool, 159, 843
system-config-lvm command, 248
system-config-netboot command, 113, 533
system-config-network-cmd command, for
current network settings, 458
system-config-network command, 463, 464
system-config-nfs package, 648, 653
system-config-printer-tui command, 565–566
system-config-samba package, 681, 718
system-config-securitylevel command, 499, 503
system-config-securitylevel-tui command, 499
system-config-securitylevel utility, 530
system-config-services command, 399
system-config-soundcard command, 43, 157
system-config-time command, 80
system-config-users command, 281
System Control Center, 160–161, 161
system-control-network command, 463
System Log Viewer, 407, 407
system logs, 402–403
system message log
for troubleshooting local install, 97–98
viewing, 95, 143
System Notifications applet (KDE), 926
system-switch-mail, 595, 597, 609
System To Upgrade screen, 126, 126–127, 141
System Tools package group, 90, 172
SystemGroup variable (CUPS), 587
SysVinit package, 166
T
t command (fdisk), 228, 231
tail command, 210
Take Screenshot tool (GNOME), 884, 885
Tannenbaum, Andrew, 11
Tao Linux, 6
tape drives, for backups, 417, 418, 419
tar command, 419, 420–421
tarball
building binaries from, 313–314
for kernel, 348
unpacking, 351
.tar.bz2 extension, 420
.tar.gz extension, 420
taskbar (KDE), 910, 910
TCP (Transport Communications Protocol), 437,
444
TCP/IP, 10, 437
application-level protocols, 443–444
link-level protocols, 445
model, 442, 443
network-level protocols, 444
patterns for iptables, 494
protocols for e-mail, 596
transport-level protocols, 444
TCP/IP ports, Apache listening on, 763
TCP Wrappers, 524–526, 647
and NFS, 652
xinetd firewall, 525–526
tcp_wrappers command, 646
telephone modems, 464
configuring, 468–470, 469
telephony support, 379
Telnet, 520
allowing through firewall, 181
Kerberos, 522–523
telnet command, 523
telnet package, 166
temporary files, directory for, 225
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TERMINAL (GNOME) • TOUCHSCREEN
Terminal (GNOME), 884
Terminal Program - Super User Mode applet, 945
terminals, 380. See also diskless workstation
testing
Kickstart configuration file, 197
updates for local repository, 623
testparm command, 705
text-based clients, for mail services, 612–614
Text-based Internet package group, 86, 172
text command, 58
text command (isolinux.cfg), 51
text command (Kickstart), 185
text editors
to add user to /etc/passwd file, 278
for crontab, 394
Emacs (editor), 169, 220, 220
joe (editor), 169, 220–221, 221
in KDE, 931
setting vi as default, 253
vi (editor), 169, 216–219
vim (Vi, IMproved) editor, 216
xemacs (editor), 169
text format for databases, 949
text mode
Disk Druid in, 128, 129
for First Boot process, 157–159, 158
for installing Linux
booting, 119–121
Kernel Parameter Help screen, 120, 121
keyboard, 122, 122
language choices, 122, 122
procedure steps, 121–141
starting, 120
for Kickstart Configurator, 186
for Linux upgrades, 141–143, 142
network configuration, 136, 136, 137, 465
selections from menus, 122
Text-to-Speech applet (KDE), 924
TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol) server, 485
copying to, 114
diskless workstation configuration, 531
/tftpboot directory, 225
.tgz extension, 420
Thawte, 758
theme management, in KDE, 902
Theme Manager (KDE), 908, 908
Theme Preferences window (GNOME), 879, 880
third extended filesystem (ext3), 235
converting ext2 filesystem to, 237
creating, 237
third-party applications, standard locations for,
225
third-party repositories, 307–308, 621, 624
Thompson, Ken, 10, 747
Thomson/Prometric, 791
Thomson, SAIR series of exams, 777
ThreadsPerChild directive (Apache), 731
thttpd package, 726
thttpd web server, 724
tilde (~) for home directory, 842
in bash shell, 260
time management, during exam, 823
time-sensitive issues, and backups, 417
time server, synchronizing clock with, 151, 152
time-sharing, 9
time zone
configuring
in Kickstart Configurator, 186
in text mode, 138, 138
when installing locally, 80–82, 81
setting computer for, 413, 414
timeout command (isolinux.cfg), 51
Timeout directive (Apache), 729
Timeout variable (CUPS), 585
timeout variable (GRUB), 329
timestamp, changing for existing file, 205
timezone command (Kickstart), 185
timezone directive, in Kickstart configuration file,
179
title variable (GRUB), 329
TLS (Transport Layer Security), 601, 669
/tmp/anaconda.log file, 95
/tmp directory, 225
deleting files with cron job, 394
saving installation consoles and logs from, 95
space requirements, 133
/tmp/X.log file, 61
tmpwatch job, 394
Token Ring, 445, 465
Token Ring Devices submenu, 378
tolerant directive (yum), 302
tomcat5-admin-webapps package, 726
tomcat5 log file, 406
tomcat5 package, 726
top command, 408–409, 409
top-level domains, 439, 539
Torvalds, Linus, 12, 350
touch command, 204–205
for creating quota file, 288
touchscreen, configuring, 379
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TOURRILHES, JEAN • USER ACCOUNTS
Tourrilhes, Jean, 35, 475
Toutdoux, 960
traceroute command, 451, 481–482
TransferLog command (Apache), 757
transmission media for network, 452
Transport Communications Protocol (TCP), 437,
444
transport file (Postfix), 608
Transport layer (OSI), 440
Transport Layer Security (TLS), 601, 669
and Outlook Express or Evolution, 604
Tripwire, 513
Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP), diskless
workstation configuration, 531
Trolltech, 170
troubleshooting
access issues, 514–515
Apache server (httpd), 760–762
boot process, learning, 821
configuration files, 333–340
filesystems, 240–242, 241
installing Linux locally, 94–98
installing Linux over network, 143–144
learning, 855
logs for, 400–408
networks, 479–482
ping and traceroute for checking
connections, 481–482
on Red Hat exams, 817
remote environment access issues, 529
reporting problems, 19
Samba (smbd), 704–707
single-user mode, 339, 339
static IP addresses, 144
X Window, 854–856
Tru64, 11
Trusted Services, firewall configuration for, 148
trusted-users file (sendmail), 599
tune2fs command, 237, 241
Tux Games, 17
tux package, 725
Tux web server, 172
twm file (X), 841
twm window manager, 835
TYPE variable, 473
U
u command (vi), 217, 219
udev service, 324, 325
UDP (User Datagram Protocol), 444
uid (user ID), 670
umask command, 213
umount command, 240
unalias command, 263
uname command, 346
unarchiving files, 420
undoing actions in vi, 217
Uniform Resource Identifier (URI), 564
uninstalling services, 485
Universal SSL tunnel, 512
universities, and Unix alternatives, 11
University of Virginia, 4
University of Wisconsin, 284
Unix
alternatives, 11
history, 9–12
Unix-to-Unix Copy Protocol (UUCP), 596
UnixWare, 11
unmounted filesystems, fstab configuration file to
check, 337
updatedb man page, 215
Updates repository, 300
Updates-Testing repository, 300–301
updating RPM packages, 316–320
upgrade command (Kickstart), 185
Upgrade Examine screen, 63, 64
uploading files, log of, 643
URI (Uniform Resource Identifier), 564
url (LDAP), 670
USB
for backup connection, 419
preventing support install, 59
support for, 384
USB key drive, 49
booting from, 194, 335
creating boot key, 118
USB port
Anaconda and, 24
compatibility issues, 34
UseCanonicalName directive (Apache), 735
user accounts, 271–276
access attempts to prohibited service, 515
administering, 277–285
adding users, 277–279
creating, 155, 155
deactivating, 279
deleting, 279–280
for POP3, 611
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USER COMMAND (FTP) • VIDEO MODE
quotas for, 286–290
creating, 287–289
timeout for idle connection, 643
user command (FTP), 637
User Datagram Protocol (UDP), 444
User directive (Apache), 734
USER environment variable, 256
user interface. See command-line interface;
graphical user interface (GUI)
user management, in Linux+ certification exam,
777–778
user mode for Samba security, 693
user-mode programs, 9
User Private Group scheme, 271
user private groups, 290–291
User Properties dialog box, 281–282, 282
useradd command, 277, 279, 611
USERCTL variable, 473
userdel command, 279–280
user_list file (FTP), 641
usernames, 277
for installing Linux from FTP server, 178
for mount commands, 683
RemoteRoot variable in CUPS, 584
users
dollar sign ($) as command prompt, 208
home directories for, 224
tilde (~) in bash shell for home directory, 260
types, 272
<uservisible> tag (comps.xml), 164
/usr directory, 225
space requirements, 133
/usr/lib/yp/ypinit command, 663, 664
/usr/sbin/vipw command, 277
/usr/share/X11/app-defaults directory, 829
/usr/src/linux/.config file, 355, 359
/usr/src/linux directory, 358
UTF-8, 747
utilities, 9
utmpdump command, 403, 514
UUCP (Unix-to-Unix Copy Protocol), 596
V
v command (fdisk), 228
Validate action (CUPS), 564
/var/cache/yum directory, 620, 621
/var directory, 225
space requirements, 133
/var/lib/rpm directory, 315
/var/log/cron file, 404, 404
/var/log directory, 402, 405
/var/log/httpd/access_log file, 404
/var/log/messages file, 526
/var/log/samba/smbmount.log file, 405
/var/log/secure.log file, 403
/var/log/vsftpd.log file, for record of uploads and
downloads, 643
/var/log/wtmp file, 403, 514
/var/named directory, 538, 540, 543
/var/named/named.ca file, 539
/var/tmp directory, deleting files with cron job,
394
/var/yp/Makefile file, 663
variable files, 224
vbox log file, 406
VendorName directive (xorg.conf), 847
VeriSign, 758
vertical synchronization, Kickstart xconfig
settings, 180
VertRefresh directive (xorg.conf), 847
Very Secure FTP Daemon, 169
Very Secure FTP server (vsFTP), 641–647
configuration files, 641–646
VESA (Video Electronics Standards Association),
830
VFAT paratitions, procedure steps for preparing
for Linux, 26–28
VG (volume group), 246
vgcreate command, 247
vgdisplay command, 247, 248
vi (editor), 169, 216–219
command mode, 216–218
Execute mode, 218–219
exiting without saving, 219
insert mode, 218
setting as default, 253
VIA technologies, 386
video adapter
configuring, 153, 155
detection messages for, 95
frequencies and refresh rates for, 31
Kickstart xconfig settings, 180
X Window settings for, 831–832, 832
xorg.conf file support for, 850–851
Video Card Settings window, 832, 832
Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA),
830
video mode, for installation, 60
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VIDEO RAM • WIRELESS NETWORK CONFIGURATION APPLET (KDE)
video RAM, Kickstart xconfig settings, 180
VideoRam directive (xorg.conf), 847
ViewPort directive (xorg.conf), 847
vim-minimal package, 166
vim (Vi, IMproved) editor, 216
virtual consoles
for installation troubleshooting, 94–98
working with during install, 819
virtual file (Postfix), 608
virtual hosts
on Apache server, 752–754
configuring, 764–769
security, 755–758
virtual memory, 22. See also swap partition
Microsoft Windows vs. Linux requirements, 26
Virtual Network Computing (VNC) service, 876,
876–877
virtual private network, connections, 473–474
virtual terminal consoles, 331
<VirtualHost _default_:443> command (Apache),
757
virtualusertable file (sendmail), 599
visudo command, 283
vmlinuz (compressed Linux kernel), 50
VMware, 17
VMware Virtual Machine, installing Fedora Core
on, 49
VNC Viewer (GNOME), 885, 885
volgroup command (Kickstart), 183, 185
Volume Control window (GNOME), 879, 881
volume groups (VG), 246
creating, 103, 247
volumes, 22
vsftpd-* RPM package, 110
vsftpd service, 16
W
w command, 409
w command (fdisk), 228
w (write) permission for file, 211–213
Wal-Mart, 17
warranty, 12
Washington University (St. Louis), 523
Watchdog Cards, 380
wc command, 213, 214
Web Behavior applet (KDE), 917, 918
web browser, selecting preferred, 869
Web Browsing applets, 916–917, 917
web directories, SELinux for, 753–754
web page requests, allowing through firewall, 181
web resources
desktop software, 17
on FIPS, 28
mailing lists on Linux, 15
web server. See also Apache server (httpd)
Kickstart commands for installing Fedora Core
from, 178
limiting access to, 763, 763–764
Web Server package group, 89, 172
web services, 723
options, 723–724
Web Shortcuts applet (KDE), 917
Webalizer, 755, 755
webalizer.conf file (Apache), 755
websites
multiple setup on single IP address, 752–754
user-based security for, 760
welcome.conf file (Apache), 755
“well-known” ports, 444
wheel group, 271
limiting root access with, 285
White Box Enterprise Linux, 6
who command, 216, 409
whois command, 669
wide area network (WAN), 379, 438
wildcards, 261
Win4Lin, 17
winbindd command (Samba), 709
Window Behavior applet (KDE), 911, 911
Window Decorations (KDE), 909
window manager, 839
WindowMaker window manager, 835
Windows 98 boot disk, 48
Windows File Server package group, 89, 172
Windows Internet Name Service (WINS), 558, 691,
696–697
specifying role on network, 711
Windows (Microsoft). See Microsoft Windows
Windows Preferences window (GNOME), 880, 881
WINE (Wine Is Not an Emulator) project, 24
Winmodems
compatibility issues, 34
device drivers availability, 31
Winprinters, 34
device drivers availability, 31
Wireless Network configuration applet (KDE),
916, 916
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WIRELESS NETWORKS • XORG6* LOG FILE
wireless networks, 378, 378, 475–479
adapter card compatibility issues, 35
configuring, 465, 477–479
experimental device drivers, 476
list of available, 479
MADWiFi project, 475–476
NdisWrapper project, 476–477
plug-and-play hardware, 475
proprietary drivers, 476
troubleshooting, 452
wireless protocols, 445
wireless-tools RPM, 477
WN web server, 724
word processors
AbiWord, 961, 961–962
KWord, 973–975, 974
OpenOffice.org Writer, 956–958, 957
words in file, count of, 214
workgroup, 681
workspaces
in GNOME, 858, 859, 859
in KDE, 900, 901, 901
workstation, Fedora Core on, 17–18
Workstation, Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS, 5
write (w) permission for file, 211–213
write_enable command (FTP), 642
Writer (OpenOffice.org), 956–958, 957
WS (Workstation) Red Hat Enterprise Linux, 5
wtmp file, 402
WU-FTP, 523
X
X-Chat, 890, 891
X client, 839
SSH configuration file, 853
x command (vi), 217
X Configuration menu (Kickstart Configurator),
192, 192–193
X Configuration tool, 159
X Display Manager, 839, 840
x (execute) permission for file, 211–213
X file (X), 841
X Font Server, 848, 856
X Server, 839
SSH configuration file, 853
X Software Development package group, 88, 172
X Window, 9
auto configure, 834
configuration files, 840–852
/etc/X11 directory, 841, 841
in users’ home directories, 842–845
xinitrc-common file, 843–845
xinitrc file, 842–843
xorg.conf file, 829, 834, 841, 845–852
configuration tools, 829–839
definitions, 839
display manager, changing, 835–839
Fedora Core display settings, 830–834
two monitors, 833–834, 834
video adapter, 831–832, 832
Kickstart configuration file and, 179
in LPI Level 1 exam, 787–788
on Red Hat exams, 818
remote access, 852–854
RPM packages, 830
switchdesk, 834–835
troubleshooting, 854–856
X Window System package group, 85, 90, 172–173
X.500 protocol, 669
x86 architecture, Fedora Core support for, 31–32
x86_64 architecture, Fedora Core support for, 32
Xandros, 17
xconfig command (Kickstart), 185, 193
xconfig file, 179
XConfig.test file, 97
xdm file (X), 841
xdm log file, 406
xDSL connection, 465
xemacs (editor), 169
Xen package group, 90, 173
Xen virtualization, 7
XFce, 835
XFree86 project, 830, 846
xfs filesystem, 235, 856
xinetd service, 16, 115, 487, 519
activating, 521–522
firewall, 525–526
services controlled by, 520–524
xinit file (X), 841
xinitrc-common file, 843–845
xinitrc file, 842–843
Xinu, 11
X.log file, 97
XML, for comp.xml file, 163
Xmodmap file (X), 841
Xorg X11R7 server, 7
Xorg6* log file, 406
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XORG.CONF FILE • ZOPE WEB SERVER
xorg.conf file, 829, 834, 841, 845–852
Device section, 850–851
DRI (Direct Rendering Interface), 852
Files section, 848
InputDevice section, 849
Module section, 849
Monitor section, 850
Screen section, 851
ServerLayout section, 848
xorg.o.log file, 854–856, 855
Xpdf PDF Viewer, 976, 977, 977–978
Xresources file, 841
xsane, 981
xsetroot command, 844
Y
Yellow Pages, 661
Yellowdog Updater (yup), 301
yp-tools package, 660
ypbind command, 666
ypbind package, 167, 660, 665
ypcat command, 667
ypchfn command, 667
ypchsh command, 668
yp.conf file, 667
ypdomainname command, 456
ypmatch command, 668
yppasswd command, 668
yppasswdd package, 665
yppush command, 666
ypserv service, 16, 660, 663, 665
ypxfrd daemon, 665, 666
yum check-update command, 310
yum clean command, 309
yum groupinfo command, 310
yum grouplist command, 310
yum info command, 308
yum install command, 308
yum install kernel command, 344
yum install system-config-bind command, 538
yum list command, 309
yum log file, 406
yum package, 6, 167
yum provides command, 309
yum remove command, 308
yum search command, 309
yum update utility, 293, 298, 301–311
automating, 311
at command line, 308–311
for uninstalling RPMs, 485
yum.cron job, 620
yumdownloader command, 312, 349
Yumex (Yum Extender), 316, 318–320, 319
yup (Yellowdog Updater), 301
Z
#z command (less), 211
Z shell, 251
Zero Configuration Network (Zeroconf), 916
zerombr command (Kickstart), 185
Zeus, 723, 724
Zimmerman, Phil, 314
Zip drives, for backups, 418
Zippel, Roman, 362
zones of authority (DNS), 539, 542
Zope web server, 724