Carrier 38QR-018C Specifications

38QR018C-060C
Commercial Heat Pumps
Installation, Start-Up and Service
Instructions
CONTENTS
Page
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Step 1 — Complete Pre-Installation Checks . . 1-4
• UNPACK UNIT
• INSPECT SHIPMENT
• CONSIDER SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
• CHECK ACCURATER® METERING DEVICE
Step 2 — Rig and Mount Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
• MOUNTING ON GROUND
• MOUNTING ON ROOF
• RIGGING
Step 3 — Complete Refrigerant
Piping Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,5
• INSTALL FILTER DRIER AND MOISTURE
INDICATOR
• MAKE PIPING SWEAT CONNECTIONS
• PROVIDE SAFETY RELIEF
Step 4 — Make Electrical Connections . . . . . . 6
• POWER WIRING
• CONTROL CIRCUIT WIRING
START-UP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,7
Preliminary Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Leak Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Evacuate and Dehydrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Charge System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
To Start Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11
MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12,13
Before installing or servicing system, always turn off
main power to system. There may be more than one disconnect switch. Turn off accessory heater power if applicable. Electrical shock can cause personal injury.
INSTALLATION
Step 1 — Complete Pre-Installation Checks
UNPACK UNIT (see Fig. 1.) — Move unit to final location.
Remove carton from unit, being careful not to damage service valves and grilles.
HEAT PU
MP
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
Fig. 1 — Model 38QR018C-060C
Installing and servicing air conditioning equipment can
be hazardous due to system pressure and electrical components. Only trained and qualified service personnel should
install or service air conditioning equipment.
Untrained personnel can perform basic maintenance, such
as cleaning and replacing filters. All other operations should
be performed by trained service personnel. When working
on air conditioning equipment, observe safety precautions in
literature, tags, and labels attached to unit.
Follow all safety codes. Wear safety glasses and work gloves.
Use quenching cloth for brazing operations. Have fire extinguisher available. Read these instructions thoroughly. Consult local building codes and National Electrical Code (NEC)
for special installation requirements.
INSPECT SHIPMENT — File claim with shipping company if shipment is damaged or incomplete.
CONSIDER SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS — Consult
local building codes and NEC for special installation
requirements.
Allow sufficient space for airflow clearance, wiring, refrigerant piping, and servicing unit. See Fig. 2 and 3.
Locate unit so that airflow is unrestricted on both sides.
Refer to Fig. 2 and 3.
Unit may be mounted on a level pad directly on base legs
or mounted on raised pads at support points. See Fig. 2 and
3 for center of gravity.
Manufacturer reserves the right to discontinue, or change at any time, specifications or designs without notice and without incurring obligations.
Book 1 4
PC 111
Catalog No. 563-882
Printed in U.S.A.
Form 38QRC-1SI
Pg 1
3-92
Replaces: New
Tab 5a 5a
NOTES:
1. Dimensions in [
2. Airflow
.
] are in millimeters.
UNIT
3. Center of gravity
.
4. Footprint 018C-036C: 3.7 sq ft (.34 m2).
5. Do not use screws longer than 1⁄2 in. (13 mm) near return-air opening.
38QR018C
38QR024C
38QR030C
38QR036C
WEIGHT —
LB (KG)
154
167
180
184
(70)
(76)
(82)
(83)
DIMENSIONS — in. (mm)
‘‘A’’
‘‘B’’
‘‘C’’
13
(329)
Fig. 2 — 38QR Dimensional Drawing, 018C-036C (Single-Phase Units)
2
5⁄8
(15.88)
⁄
(19.05)
34
3⁄8
(9.53)
NOTES:
1. Dimensions in [
2. Airflow
.
] are in millimeters.
3. Center of gravity
.
4. Footprint 048C,060C: 5.3 sq ft (.49 m2).
5. Do not use screws longer than 1⁄2 in. (13 mm) near return-air opening.
UNIT
WEIGHT —
LB (KG)
38QR036C
249 (113)
38QR048C
252 (114)
38QR060C
272 (123)
DIMENSIONS — in.
‘‘A’’
‘‘B’’
7⁄8
13 11⁄16
(28.97)
(22.22)
7⁄8
1311⁄16
(28.97)
(22.22)
7⁄8
141⁄2
(mm)
‘‘C’’
3⁄8
(9.53)
3⁄8
(9.53)
3⁄8
(30.69)
(9.53)
(22.22)
Fig. 3 — 38QR Dimensional Drawing, 036C (3-Phase Units) and 048C,060C (Single- and 3-Phase Units)
3
CHECK ACCURATER® METERING DEVICE — The correct AccuRater (bypass type) refrigerant control is required
for system capacity optimization. An AccuRater device with
field-replaceable piston (see Fig. 4) is supplied on indoor coil
and at service valve of outdoor unit. Refer to the AccuRater
metering device table in separate indoor unit installation instructions to determine the correct AccuRater piston size required for the heat pump/indoor unit system being installed.
Note that one of 2 types of AccuRater controls can be found
on the indoor unit, and that Type B AccuRater devices are
used on 38QR018C-060C heat pumps. Do not interchange
components between the AccuRater device types. Matching
of heat pump with indoor unit may require field replacement
of piston. Replace pistons, if required, before connecting refrigerant lines. Piston replacement instructions are included
in separate indoor unit installation instructions. After system
installation is complete, see Refrigerant Charging section on
page 10 to check and/or adjust refrigerant charge.
Step 2 — Rig and Mount Unit
MOUNTING ON GROUND — Mount unit on a solid, level
concrete pad. Position unit so water or ice from roof does
not fall directly onto unit. Use accessory snow rack (part no.
38QR900001 or -011) or ice stand (part no. 38QR900021 or
-031) (see Fig. 2, 3) where prolonged subfreezing temperatures or heavy snow occurs. Refer to separate installation
instructions packaged with the accessories. If conditions or
local codes require unit be fastened to pad, 6 field-supplied
tiedown bolts should be used and fastened through slots provided in unit mounting feet.
MOUNTING ON ROOF — Mount unit on a level platform
or frame at least 6 in. above roof surface. Isolate unit and
tubing from structure.
RIGGING
Be sure unit panels are securely in place prior to
rigging.
Keep unit upright. Lift unit using sling. Use cardboard or
padding under sling, and spreader bars to prevent sling damage to unit. See Fig. 5. See Fig. 2 and 3 for center of gravity
reference. Install unit so that coil does not face into prevailing winds. If this is not possible and constant winds above
25 mph are expected, use Accessory Wind Baffle (part no.
38QR900041 or -051). See installation instructions provided with accessory kit.
TYPE A
NOTE: Arrow on AccuRater body points in free flow direction, away
from the indoor coil.
Fig. 5 — Lifting Unit With Sling
Step 3 — Complete Refrigerant Piping Connections — Outdoor units may be connected to indoor units
using field-supplied tubing of refrigerant grade and condition. See Table 1 for correct line sizes. Do not use less than
10 ft of interconnecting tubing.
DO NOT BURY MORE THAN 36 IN. OF REFRIGERANT PIPE IN THE GROUND. If any section of pipe
is buried, there must be a 6-in. vertical rise to the valve
connections on the outdoor unit. If more than the recommended length is buried, refrigerant may migrate to
cooler, buried section during extended periods of system shutdown. This causes refrigerant slugging and could
possibly damage compressor at start-up.
TYPE B
Fig. 4 — AccuRater® (Bypass Type) Metering Device Components
When more than 50 ft of interconnecting tubing and more
than 30 ft of vertical lift is used, refer to Part 3 of Carrier
System Design Manual for design details, or contact your
local distributor.
4
If either refrigerant tubing or indoor coil is exposed to atPass nitrogen or other inert gas through piping while brazing
mospheric conditions for longer than 5 minutes, it must be
to prevent formation of copper oxide.
evacuated to 1000 microns to eliminate contamination and
moisture in the system.
Run refrigerant tubes as directly as possible, avoiding unnecessary turns and bends. Suspend refrigerant tubes so they
To avoid damage while brazing, service valves should
do not damage insulation on vapor tube and do not transmit
be wrapped with a heat-sinking material such as a wet
vibration to structure. Also, when passing refrigerant tubes
cloth.
through wall, seal opening so that vibration is not transmitted to structure. Leave some slack in refrigerant tubes between structure and outdoor unit to absorb vibration. Refer
to separate indoor unit installation instructions for additional information.
When brazing tubing sets to the service valves, a brazINSTALL FILTER DRIER AND MOISTURE INDICAing shield MUST be used to prevent damage to the painted
TOR — The filter drier is factory supplied and field inunit surface.
stalled. Moisture indicator (sight glass) is a field-supplied
option and should be installed just after liquid line shutoff
PROVIDE SAFETY RELIEF — A fusible plug is located in
valve. Do not use a receiver (a receiver is not provided with
unit suction line; do not cap this plug. If local code requires
unit and one should not be used).
additional safety devices, install as directed.
MAKE PIPING SWEAT CONNECTIONS — Remove plastic caps from liquid and suction service valves. Use refrigerant grade tubing. Service valves are closed from the factory and are ready for brazing. After wrapping the service
valve with a wet cloth, the tubing set can be brazed to the
service valve using either silver bearing or non-silver bearing brazing material. Consult local code requirements.
Refrigerant tubing and indoor coil are now ready for leak
testing.
NOTE: Unit is shipped with R-22 factory holding charge
indicated on nameplate.
Table 1 — Physical Data
Unit 38QR
Operating Weight (lb)
Refrigerant
Compressor
Type
Model
Oil (pt) — Initial/Recharge
Crankcase Heater Watts
Outdoor Fan
Rpm
Diameter (in)-no. of Blades
Fan Pitch (Deg)
Motor Hp
Nominal Airflow (cfm)
Outdoor Coil
Face Area (Sq Ft)/Rows
Fins./in.
Line Sizes† — (in. OD)
Vapor
Liquid
Valve Connection — ODF (in.)
Vapor
Liquid
Controls — Pressurestat Settings
High Cutout (psig)
High Cut-in (psig)
Low Cutout (psig)
Low Cut-in (psig)
Fusible Plug
018C-3
154
024C-3
167
Reciprocating
Tecumseh Tecumseh
AW5519G AW5524G
32/30
32/30
19
19
030C-3
180
036C-3
184
R-22
Hermetic
036C-5,6
249
048C-3,5,6
252
060C-3,5,6
272
Scroll
Reciprocating
Copeland
Copeland
Copeland
Tecumseh
Copeland
ZR28KI-PFV ZR34KI-PFV CRH3-0275
AV5549G
CRP5-0450
28/24
34/30
55/51
54/50
70/66
—
—
40
27
40
Propeller Type, Direct Drive, Horizontal
850
850
850
850
850
18-3
18-3
24-3
24-3
24-3
27
31
24
24
24
1 ⁄8
1⁄8
1⁄4
1⁄4
1 ⁄4
1720
1720
3900
3900
3900
Copper Tube, Aluminum Plate Fin
6.1/3
6.1/3
12.3/2
12.3/2
12.3/3
15
15
15
15
15
850
18-3
25
1⁄8
1720
850
18-3
27
1⁄8
1720
6.1/1.5*
15
6.1/2
15
58
⁄
⁄
58
⁄
⁄
34
38
⁄
⁄
34
38
⁄
⁄
34
38
38
38
58
⁄
⁄
58
⁄
⁄
34
38
⁄
⁄
34
38
38
38
⁄
⁄
426 6 7
320 6 20
763
22 6 5
210 F
*The second row of the coil is one half of the height of the first row.
†Line sizes are for runs up to 25 ft.
5
⁄
⁄
11⁄8
3⁄8
11⁄8
3 ⁄8
78
⁄
⁄
78
⁄
⁄
78
38
38
38
⁄
⁄
Step 4 — Make Electrical Connections
Unit cabinet must have an uninterrupted, unbroken electrical ground to minimize the possibility of personal injury if an electrical fault should occur. This ground may
consist of electrical wire connected to unit ground lug
in control compartment, or conduit approved for electrical ground when installed in accordance with NEC,
ANSI/NFPA (American National Standards Institute/
National Fire Protection Association) 70-1987 and local electrical codes. Failure to follow this warning could
result in the installer being liable for personal injury of
others.
Unit failure as a result of operation on improper line
voltage or excessive phase imbalance constitutes abuse
and may cause damage to electrical components. Such
operation would invalidate any applicable Carrier
warranty.
POWER WIRING — Unit is factory wired for voltage shown
on nameplate. Provide adequate fused disconnect switch within
sight from unit, readily accessible, but out of reach of children. Provision for locking switch open (off) is advisable to
prevent power from being turned on while unit is being serviced. Disconnect switch, fuses, and field wiring must comply with NEC and local code requirements. Use copper wire
only between disconnect switch and unit. Use minimum
60 C wire for field power connection.
Route power wires through opening in unit side panel and
connect in unit control box as shown on unit label diagram
and Fig. 6 and 7. Unit must be grounded.
CONTROL CIRCUIT WIRING — Control voltage is 24 v
(40 va minimum). See Fig. 7 and unit label diagram for fieldsupplied wiring details. Route control wires through opening in unit side panel to connection in unit control box.
NOTE: For wire runs up to 50 ft, use no. 18 AWG (American Wire Gage) insulated wire (35 C minimum) For 50 to
75 ft, use no. 16 AWG insulated wire (35 C minimum). For
over 75 ft, use 14 AWG insulated wire (35 C minimum).
NOTE: Operation of unit on improper line voltage constitutes abuse and could affect Carrier warranty. See Table 2.
Do not install unit in system where voltage may fluctuate
above or below permissible limits.
See Table 2 for recommended fuse sizes. When making
electrical connections, provide clearance at unit for refrigerant piping connections.
Use indoor unit transformer as 24-v (40-va minimum) supply for system or use accessory transformer.
LEGEND
NEC — National Electrical Code
TB
— Terminal Board
TB Connections
Field Wiring
Factory Wiring
Fig. 6 — Line Power Connections
3. All service valves must be open.
4. Belly-band crankcase heater must be tight on compressor
crankcase for those units with belly-band heaters.
Leak Test — Field piping and fan coil must be leak tested
by pressure method described in Carrier Standard Service
Techniques Manual, Chapter 1, Section 1-6. Use R-22 at approximately 25 psig backed up with an inert gas to a total
pressure not to exceed 245 psig.
Before starting unit, crankcase heater must be on for
12 hours to be sure all refrigerant is out of the oil.
To energize crankcase heater, set space thermostat above
ambient temperature so there will be no demand for cooling.
Close field disconnect. The crankcase heater is now
energized.
Evacuate and Dehydrate — Field piping and fan coil
must be evacuated and dehydrated by either of the methods
described in Carrier Standard Service Techniques Manual,
Chapter 1, Section 1-7.
Service valves must be fully backseated to close service
port. There is no Schrader valve at the service port, and
failure to backseat the valve could result in loss of system charge or personal injury.
Before performing service or maintenance, be sure indoor unit main power switch is turned OFF and indoor
blower has stopped. Failure to do so may result in electrical shock, or injury from rotating fan blades.
Charge System — Release holding charge into system
START-UP
by opening (backseating) liquid and suction line service valves.
Add charge amount as required for the total system. Refer to
indoor unit installation instructions for the required total system charge, when connected by 25 ft of tubing.
Preliminary Checks
1. Check that all internal wiring connections are tight and
that all barriers, covers, and panels are in place.
2. Field electrical power source must agree with unit nameplate rating.
6
USED WITH UNITS 40AQ,
40QB/QH, FD3A, FB4A,
FB5A, FK4A, 40DQ AND
40YA/YR/YZ
LEGEND
ODT — Outdoor Thermostat
SHR — Supplemental Heat Relay
USED WITH UNITS
FF1A AND 40RC
USED WITH UNITS
FF1A AND 40RC
USED WITH UNITS 40AQ, 40QB/
QH, FD3A, FB4A, FK4A, FB5A,
40DQ, AND 40YA/YR/YZ
NOTE: Remove factory-installed jumpers on indoor unit
terminal board when installing outdoor thermostats.
Splice Connection
Factory Wiring
Field Wiring
Fig. 7 — Typical Control Circuit Connections
To Start Unit — Be sure that crankcase heater has been
on for 12 hours and that field disconnect is closed. Set room
thermostat below ambient temperature. Operate unit for
15 minutes, then check system refrigerant charge. See Refrigerant Charging section on page 10.
Unit compressor starts after a 5-minute delay if equipped
with accessory Time Guard® II device (part no. 38HD900021).
See separate accessory installation instructions to install this
accessory. When ambient temperature will fall below 55 F,
accessory low-ambient controller (part no. 38HD900001) is
required.
38QR018C
.433 (11)
SERVICE
UNIT SIZE-in. (mm)
38QR024C,030C,036C
.709 (18)
38QR048C,060C
.16 (4)
Fig. 8 — Outdoor Fan Mounting Positions
Before performing recommended maintenance, be sure
unit main power switch is turned off. Failure to do so
may result in electrical shock or injury from rotating fan
blade.
down in order to make repairs on low side without losing
complete refrigerant charge.
1. Attach pressure gage to suction service valve gage port.
2. Frontseat the liquid line valve.
Outdoor Fan — A reinforced wire mount holds the outdoorfan motor assembly in position. See Fig. 8 for proper mounting positions.
High-Pressure Relief Valve — Valve is located in
compressor. Relief valve opens at a pressure differential of
approximately 450 6 50 psig between suction (low side) and
discharge (high side) to allow pressure equalization.
The 38QR018C-060C unit coils hold only the factorydesignated amount of refrigerant. Additional refrigerant
may cause units to relieve pressure through compressor
internal pressure relief valve (indicated by a sudden rise
of suction pressure) before suction pressure reaches
5 psig. If this occurs, shut off unit immediately, frontseat suction valve, and remove and reclaim excess refrigerant following accepted practices.
Internal Current and Temperature Sensitive Overload — Control resets automatically when internal compressor motor temperature drops to a safe level (overloads
may require up to 45 minutes to reset). When an internal
overload is suspected of being open, check by using an ohmmeter or continuity tester. If necessary, refer to Carrier Standard System Techniques Manual, Chapter 2, for complete
information.
3. Start unit and run until suction pressure reaches 5 psig or
low-pressure switch opens.
4. Shut off unit and frontseat suction valve.
5. Depressurize low side of unit and reclaim refrigerant following accepted practices.
Pumpdown Procedure — The system may be pumped
7
Table 2 — Electrical Data
OUTDOOR
UNIT 38QR
018C
024C
030C
036C
048C
060C
036C
048C
060C
036C
048C
060C
V-PH-HZ
OPERATIONAL
VOLTAGE*
Max
Min
208/230-1-60
253
187
208/230-3-60
253
187
460-3-60
506
414
COMPR
LRA
49.0
61.0
76.0
90.5
110.0
135.0
66.0
92.0
105.0
35.0
46.0
55.0
RLA
8.9
10.9
13.5
17.9
22.4
27.6
11.2
14.7
17.7
5.8
6.7
10.4
FAN
FLA
MCA
MAX FUSE†
OR HACR TYPE
CKT BKR AMPS
.70
.70
.70
.70
1.45
1.50
1.45
1.45
1.50
.80
.80
.83
11.8
14.3
17.6
23.1
29.5
36.0
15.5
19.8
23.6
8.1
9.2
13.8
20
25
30
40
50
60
20
40
45
15
15
20
LEGEND
FLA
— Full Load Amps
HACR — Heating, Air Conditioning, Refrigeration
LRA
— Locked Rotor Amps
MCA — Minimum Circuit Amps per NEC Section 430-24
NEC
— National Electrical Code
RLA
— Rated Load Amps (Compressor)
*Permissible limits of the voltage range at which unit will operate satisfactorily.
†Time-delay fuse.
NOTES:
1. Control circuit is 24 v on all units and requires an external power
source.
2. All motors and compressors contain internal overload protection.
3. In compliance with NEC requirements for multimotor and combination load equipment (refer to NEC Articles 430 and 440), the
overcurrent protective device for the unit shall be fuse or HACR
breaker.
4. Unbalanced 3-Phase Supply Voltage
Never operate a motor where a phase imbalance in supply voltage is greater than 2%. Use the following formula to determine
the % voltage imbalance.
% Voltage Imbalance
max voltage deviation from average voltage
= 100 x
average voltage
Example: Supply voltage is 460-3-60.
Filter Drier — Whenever the moisture liquid indicator
relay. This prevents nuisance tripping of the low-pressure
switch.
To check pressure switch, attach pressure gage to suction
service valve gage port. Slowly close liquid shutoff valve
and allow compressor to pump down. Do not allow compressor to pump down below 2 psig. Compressor should shut
down when suction pressure drops to cutout pressure in
Table 1, and should restart when pressure builds up to cut-in
pressure shown after CLO (compressor lockout switch) has
been reset and accessory Time Guard® device has completed its timing cycle.
AB = 452 v
BC = 464 v
AC = 455 v
452 + 464 + 455
3
1371
=
= 457
3
Determine maximum deviation from average voltage.
(AB) 457 – 452 = 5 v
(BC) 464 – 457 = 7 v
(AC) 457 – 455 = 2 v
Maximum deviation is 7 v.
Determine % voltage imbalance.
7
% Voltage Imbalance = 100 x
= 1.53%
457
Average Voltage =
This amount of phase imbalance is satisfactory as it is below the maximum allowable 2%.
IMPORTANT: If the supply voltage phase imbalance
is more than 2%, contact your local electric utility company immediately.
shows presence of moisture, replace the filter drier. Refer to
Carrier Standard Service Techniques Manual, Chapter 1, Refrigerants, for details on servicing filter driers.
High-Pressure Switch — This switch, located on discharge line, protects against high discharge pressures caused
by such events as overcharge, outdoor-fan motor failure, system restriction, etc. It opens on pressure rise at about
426 psi. If system pressures go above this setting during abnormal conditions, the switch opens.
Crankcase Heater — Heater prevents refrigerant migration and compressor oil dilution during shutdown when
compressor is not operating. If crankcase heater is deenergized for more than 6 hours, both compressor service valves
must be closed.
Crankcase heaters come in 2 basic types: wraparound (bellyband) type that is wrapped externally around compressor
shell, and insertion type that is inserted into compressor oil
well in shell of compressor.
Crankcase heater is powered by high-voltage power of unit.
It is connected across the line side of the contactor and operates continually. Use extreme caution when troubleshooting this device with power on.
DO NOT attempt to simulate the system abnormalities
— high pressures pose a serious safety hazard.
High-pressure switch is also checked with an ohmmeter
similar to checking low-pressure switch. If system pressure
is below 426 psi, switch shows continuity.
Low-Pressure Switch — This switch, mounted on
the suction line, has fixed, non-adjustable settings. The switch
is bypassed during defrost, and also for the first 2 minutes of
heating operation after defrost, by means of a time-delay
8
When defrosting is terminated, the outdoor-fan motor is
energized, and reversing valve solenoid is deenergized, returning unit to heating cycle.
To troubleshoot:
1. Apply voltmeter across crankcase heater leads to see if
heater voltage is on. Do not touch heater. Carefully feel
area around crankcase heater; if warm, crankcase heater
is probably functioning.
2. With power off and heater leads disconnected, check across
leads with ohmmeter. Do not look for a specific resistance reading. Check for resistance or an open circuit, and
change heater if an open circuit is detected.
Reversing Valve — In heat pumps, changeover between heating and cooling modes is accomplished with a valve
that reverses flow of refrigerant in system. The reversing valve
solenoid can be checked with power off using an ohmmeter.
Check for continuity and shorting to ground. With control
circuit (24v) power on, check for correct voltage at solenoid
coil, and for burned or overheated solenoid.
With unit operating, other items can be checked, such as
frost or condensate on refrigerant lines.
Using a remote measuring device, check inlet and outlet
line temperatures. Do not touch lines. If reversing valve is
operating normally, inlet and outlet temperatures on appropriate lines should be similar. Any temperature difference would
be due to heat loss or gain across valve body. Temperatures
are best checked with a remote reading electronic-type thermometer with multiple probes.
Figures 9 and 10 show test points on reversing valve for
recording temperatures. Insulate points for more accurate reading. If valve is defective:
Service Valves — The service valves in the outdoor unit
come from the factory frontseated. This means the refrigerant charge is isolated from the line set connection ports.
To prevent damage to the valve, use a wet cloth or other
accepted heat sink material on the valve before brazing.
The service valves must be backseated (turned counterclockwise until seated) before the service port caps can be
removed and the hoses of gage manifold connected. In this
position, refrigerant has access from and through outdoor and
indoor unit. The service valve cannot be field repaired, therefore, only a complete valve or valve stem seal and service
port caps are available for replacement.
AccuRater® Control (Bypass Type) — See
Fig. 4 for bypass-type AccuRater device components. The
piston has a refrigerant metering hole through it. The retainer forms a stop for the piston in the refrigerant bypass
mode, and a sealing surface for liquid line flare connection.
To check, clean or replace piston:
1. Shut off power to unit.
2. Pump down unit using Pumpdown Procedure section on
page 7.
3. Remove liquid line flare connection from the AccuRater
device.
4. Pull retainer out of body, being careful not to scratch flare
sealing surface. If retainer does not pull out easily, carefully use locking pliers to remove retainer.
5. Slide piston out by inserting a small, soft wire, with small
kinks, through metering hole. Ensure metering hole, sealing surface around piston cones, and fluted portion of piston are not damaged.
6. Clean piston refrigerant metering hole.
7. Replace retainer O-ring before reassembling AccuRater
control (Carrier O-ring part no. 99CC501052).
LEGEND
TP — Test Point
Fig. 9 — Reversing Valve (Cooling Mode or Defrost
Mode, Solenoid Energized)
Defrost Control — The control, which consists of defrost control board and defrost thermostat, interrupts the normal system heating operation to defrost the outdoor coil, if
the coil saturated suction temperature indicates freezing
temperatures.
Defrost control board can be field set to check need for
defrost every 30, 50, or 90 minutes of operating time, by
connecting the jumper (labeled W1, on the circuit board) to
the spade terminal for the defrost time desired. The board is
factory set for 90 minutes. The defrost period is field selectable, depending upon geographic areas and defrost demands. Control board has additional feature that allows unit
to restart in defrost cycle if room thermostat is satisfied during defrost.
Defrost control simultaneously tops outdoor fan, energizes reversing valve solenoid to return system to cooling
cycle (outdoor unit as condenser, indoor unit as evaporator),
and activates accessory electric heater.
The defrost timer limits defrosting period to 10 minutes.
Normally, the frost is removed and the defrost thermostat
contacts open to terminate defrosting before 10 minutes have
elapsed.
LEGEND
TP — Test Point
Fig. 10 — Reversing Valve (Heating Mode,
Solenoid Deenergized)
9
7. Refer to Table 4. Find superheat temperature and suction pressure, and note suction line temperature. If unit
has higher suction line temperature than charted temperature, add refrigerant until charted temperature is
reached.
8. If unit has lower suction line temperature than charted
temperature, remove and reclaim refrigerant until charted
temperature is reached.
9. If air temperature entering outdoor coil or pressure at
suction valve changes, charge to new suction line temperature indicated on chart.
10. This procedure is independent of indoor air quality.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Shut off all power to unit.
Remove all charge from system.
Remove valve using a tubing cutter.
Install new valve (wrap valve with a wet rag to prevent
overheating while brazing).
5. After valve is brazed in, check for leaks.
6. Evacuate and charge system. Operate system in both modes
several times to be sure valve functions properly.
Discharge Temperature Switch (DTS) — Switch,
used only on unit sizes 030 and 036 with scroll compressors,
senses high discharge temperature levels reached under extreme operating conditions (low charge or low evaporator
airflow). Approximate cut-in and cutout temperatures are
290 F and 140 F, respectively.
Heating Mode — To check system operation during heating cycle, use Table 5. This table indicates whether a correct
relationship exists between system operating pressure and
air temperatures entering indoor and outdoor units. In
heating mode, check should be made approximately 15 minutes after defrost with unit running with a clean coil.
Thermistors — The outdoor coil temperature thermistor and outdoor air temperature thermistor are used only
with duct-free split systems that use a microprocessor control. Refer to separate installation instructions for models 40QA
and 40QY indoor units.
Table 3 — Superheat Charging Table
(Superheat Entering Suction Service Valve)
Time-Delay Relay (TDR1) — Relay, used only on
unit sizes 030 and 036 with scroll compressors, ensures that
compressor comes to complete stop before restarting.
INDOOR COIL ENTERING AIR (F) WB
OUTDOOR
TEMP
50 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76
55
9 12 14 17 20 23 26 29 32 35 37 40 42 45
60
7 10 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 35 38 40 43
65
*
6 10 13 16 19 21 24 27 30 33 36 38 41
70
* *
7 10 13 16 19 21 24 27 30 33 36 39
75
* * *
6 9 12 15 18 21 24 28 31 34 37
80
* * * *
5 8 12 15 18 21 25 28 31 35
85
* * * * * *
8 11 15 19 22 26 30 33
90
* * * * * *
5 9 13 16 20 24 27 31
95
* * * * * * *
6 10 14 18 22 25 29
100
* * * * * * * *
8 12 15 20 23 27
105
* * * * * * * *
5 9 13 17 22 26
110
* * * * * * * * *
6 11 15 20 25
115
* * * * * * * * * *
8 14 18 23
Time-Delay (TDR2) — Relay prevents nuisance tripping of low-pressure switch during system switchover after
defrost.
Compressor Lockout Switch — Units with compressor lockout protective device shut down on any safety
trip. Determine reason for safety trip. To restart, turn the thermostat to OFF position and then to COOL position.
Refrigerant Charging
To prevent personal injury, wear safety glasses and gloves
when handling refrigerant. Do not overcharge system
— this can cause compressor flooding.
LEGEND
WB — Wet Bulb
*Do not attempt to charge system under these conditions or refrigerant slugging may occur.
Table 4 — Required Suction-Tube Temperature (F)
(Entering Suction Service Valve)
Service valves must be fully backseated to close service
port. There is no Schrader valve at the service port, and
failure to backseat the valve could result in loss of system charge or personal injury.
SUCTION
SUPERHEAT
TEMP (F)
61.5 64.2
0
35
37
2
37
39
4
39
41
6
41
43
8
43
45
10
45
47
12
47
49
14
49
51
16
51
53
18
53
55
20
55
57
22
57
59
24
59
61
26
61
63
28
63
65
30
65
67
32
67
69
34
69
71
36
71
73
38
73
75
40
75
77
NOTE: Do not vent or depressurize unit refrigerant to atmosphere. Remove and reclaim refrigerant following accepted practices.
To check and adjust charge during cooling season, use
Tables 3 and 4 and the following procedure:
1. Operate unit a minimum of 15 minutes before checking
charge.
2. Measure suction pressure by attaching a gage to suction
valve service port.
3. Measure suction line temperature by attaching a service
thermometer to unit suction line near suction valve. Insulate thermometer for accurate readings.
4. Measure outdoor coil inlet-air dry bulb temperature with
a second thermometer.
5. Measure indoor coil inlet-air wet bulb temperature with
a sling psychrometer.
6. Refer to Table 3. Find air temperature entering outdoor
coil and wet-bulb temperature entering indoor coil. At
this intersection, note the superheat temperature.
10
PRESSURE AT SERVICE PORT (psig)
67.1 70.0 73.0 76.0 79.2 82.4 85.7
39
41
43
45
47
49
51
41
43
45
47
49
51
53
43
45
47
49
51
53
55
45
47
49
51
53
55
57
47
49
51
53
55
57
59
49
51
53
55
57
59
61
51
53
55
57
59
61
63
53
55
57
59
61
63
65
55
57
59
61
63
65
67
57
59
61
63
65
67
69
59
61
63
65
67
69
71
61
63
65
67
69
71
73
63
65
67
69
71
73
75
65
67
69
71
73
75
77
67
69
71
73
75
77
79
69
71
73
75
77
79
81
71
73
75
77
79
81
83
73
75
77
79
81
83
85
75
77
79
81
83
85
87
77
79
81
83
85
87
89
79
81
83
85
87
89
91
lubricate motor with 32 drops (16 drops per hole) of SAE-10
nondetergent oil at intervals described below:
• Annually, when environment is very dirty, ambient temperature is higher than 105 F, and average unit operating
time exceeds 15 hours a day, or
• Every 3 years when environment is reasonably clean, ambient temperature is less than 105 F, and unit operating
time averages 8 to 15 hours a day, or
• Every 5 years when environment is clean, ambient temperature is less than 105 F, and unit operating time averages less than 8 hours a day.
If pressure and temperature do not match on chart, system
refrigerant charge may not be correct or other system abnormalities may exist. Do not use table to adjust refrigerant
charge.
When recharging is necessary during heating season, weigh
in total charge as indicated in separate indoor unit installation instructions. Remove any refrigerant remaining in system before recharging. If the system has lost complete charge,
evacuate and recharge by weight. Service port connections
are provided on liquid and suction line service valves. For
evacuation and recharging, Dial-a-Charge charging cylinder, or similar device, is an accurate device for recharging
systems by weight.
Cleaning
CLEANING COILS —
Coils should be washed out with water, or blown out with
compressed air. Note that the blow-thru design causes dirt
and debris to build up on the inside of the coils.
Clean coil annually or as required by location or outdoor
air conditions. Inspect coil monthly, and clean as required.
Fins are not continuous through coil sections. Dirt and debris may pass through first section, become trapped between
the row of fins and restrict condenser airflow. Use a flashlight to determine if dirt or debris has collected between coil
sections. Clean coil as follows:
1. Turn off unit power.
2. Using a garden hose, or other suitable equipment, flush
coil from the outside to remove dirt. Be sure to flush all
dirt and debris from drain holes in base of unit. Fan motors are waterproof.
MAINTENANCE
Before performing recommended maintenance, be sure
unit main power switch is turned off. Failure to do so
may result in electric shock or injury from rotating fan
blade.
Lubrication
COMPRESSOR — Compressor contains factory oil charge;
replace oil when lost. See Table 1 for oil recharge and refer
to Carrier Standard Service Techniques Manual, Chapter 1,
page 1-21, for oil recharging procedure. Use Carrier PP33-1,
Texaco WF-32 or Suniso 3GS oil.
FAN-MOTOR BEARINGS — Oiling holes are provided at
each end of condenser fan motor. Remove fan motor and
Table 5 — Heating Operation Pressure Table, Fixed Restrictor (High Pressure at Suction Valve, Low Pressure
at Liquid Valve, Suction Pressure at Compressor)
UNIT
38QR
INDOOR
DRY
BULB
TEMP (F)
60
OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE (F) DRY BULB
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
018C
70
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
80
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
60
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
024C
70
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
80
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
60
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
030C
70
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
80
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
60
50
40
30
20
10
219.8
83.8
68.8
247.7
85.1
70.4
278.3
86.5
72.0
234.1
77.9
66.3
262.0
79.4
68.0
292.6
80.9
69.8
222.3
83.8
61.8
250.9
85.2
63.5
282.2
86.6
65.1
199.2
71.0
58.6
225.6
72.1
60.0
254.3
73.0
61.4
210.3
66.2
56.4
237.0
67.4
57.9
265.9
68.6
59.4
202.2
71.4
52.6
229.6
72.5
54.0
259.3
73.5
55.4
181.4
59.3
49.3
206.4
60.0
50.5
233.5
60.7
51.7
190.4
55.4
47.3
215.8
56.4
48.6
243.3
57.3
49.8
185.1
60.0
44.1
211.2
60.7
45.3
239.5
61.5
46.4
166.0
48.5
40.7
189.5
49.1
41.8
214.0
49.7
42.8
173.6
45.5
38.9
197.8
46.3
40.0
224.2
47.0
41.0
170.4
49.3
36.2
195.4
49.9
37.2
222.6
50.4
38.2
152.5
38.8
32.9
173.5
39.3
33.9
196.2
40.0
34.8
159.4
36.5
31.3
182.5
37.0
32.2
207.4
37.6
33.1
157.9
39.7
29.0
181.6
40.1
29.9
205.6
40.6
30.7
139.7
30.2
26.0
159.4
30.1
26.9
180.3
31.5
27.7
147.3
28.5
24.4
168.9
28.8
25.2
191.3
29.4
25.9
146.7
30.9
22.5
167.8
31.3
23.2
191.3
31.9
24.0
0
UNIT
38QR
128.4
22.8
19.8
146.5
23.4 036C
20.6
165.5
24.0
21.4
136.2
21.2
18.2
156.3
21.6 048C
18.9
178.0
22.2
19.6
135.9
23.3
16.7
156.6
23.7 060C
17.3
178.5
24.3
18.0
11
INDOOR
DRY
BULB
TEMP (F)
60
OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE (F) DRY BULB
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
70
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
80
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
60
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
70
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
80
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
60
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
70
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
80
HIGH
LOW
SUCTION
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
226.0
76.1
61.9
254.7
77.3
63.3
286.7
78.9
65.0
231.6
80.4
67.8
261.2
81.8
69.4
293.2
83.2
70.9
228.9
85.9
63.6
258.3
86.9
65.1
290.0
88.4
66.5
205.4
64.7
52.6
233.0
65.8
54.0
263.5
67.1
55.4
210.2
68.2
57.6
238.3
69.3
58.8
268.6
70.3
60.1
207.5
72.7
53.9
235.7
73.8
55.2
265.7
74.7
56.5
188.0
54.3
44.1
214.4
55.3
45.3
243.3
56.2
46.6
191.8
56.9
48.1
218.5
57.7
49.1
247.2
58.5
50.2
189.6
60.9
44.9
215.9
61.6
46.0
244.4
62.3
47.2
172.9
44.7
36.3
198.2
45.5
37.4
225.5
46.2
38.4
175.4
46.5
39.4
201.2
47.1
40.3
226.7
47.8
41.2
173.8
50.0
36.8
199.0
50.5
37.7
225.5
50.9
38.7
160.0
36.1
29.3
183.9
36.6
30.1
207.7
37.3
31.0
162.1
37.2
31.5
184.3
37.7
32.3
208.6
37.8
33.1
160.4
40.1
29.4
183.4
40.5
30.2
206.7
41.1
31.1
148.4
28.2
22.8
169.7
28.8
23.5
193.5
29.5
24.4
148.7
29.0
24.5
170.2
29.6
25.2
193.1
30.2
25.9
147.6
31.3
22.7
168.8
31.7
23.5
191.3
32.3
24.3
137.4
21.2
17.0
158.3
21.8
17.7
180.4
22.5
18.4
137.6
21.7
18.2
157.8
22.2
18.8
178.9
22.8
19.4
136.6
23.5
16.8
156.4
24.0
17.5
177.2
24.5
18.2
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART — HEATING CYCLE
LEGEND
NC — Normally Closed
ODT — Outdoor Thermostat
NOTE: For systems with indoor units equipped with microprocessor
control, see separate controls, service, and troubleshooting manual.
12
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART — COOLING CYCLE
LEGEND
NC — Normally Closed
NOTE: For systems with indoor units equipped with microprocessor
control, see separate controls, service, and troubleshooting manual.
13
Copyright 1992 Carrier Corporation
Manufacturer reserves the right to discontinue, or change at any time, specifications or designs without notice and without incurring obligations.
Book 1 4
PC 111
Catalog No. 563-882
Printed in U.S.A.
Form 38QRC-1SI
Pg 16
3-92
Replaces: New
Tab 5a 5a