INON D-180
Underwater Auto-Strobe
User Manual
This Manual may be printed and used according to conditions below.
This Manual may not be used or transmitted, in whole or part, or reproduced in any way for any commercial
use.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
1
All rights reserved.
Contents
Page Number
Introduction
Warranty Statement
Measures to Prevent Accidental Flooding
Names of D-180 Parts
Chapter 1
5
5
7
10
D-180 Features
D-180 Main Functions
12
Flash Function
Slave Strobe Function
Advanced Cancel Circuitry
Clear Photo System Compatible
Shutter Linked Auto-Off Focus and Target Light
Reference:
Ref. No. 1
Ref. No. 2
Ref. No. 3
Ref. No. 4
Ref. No. 5
Ref. No. 6
Ref. No. 7
Automatic Flash Adjustment of External Strobes
“TTL” What is it?
“Pre-flash” What is it?
“External Auto” (External Auto Flash Exposure Adjustment)
“Master Strobe” and “Slave Strobe”
Advanced Cancel Circuit
Clear Photo System
Connecting D-180 to Camera System
13
15
15
16
16
16
17
18
Optical D Cable Connection
Optical Slave Cable Connection
Optical D Slave Cable Connection
Items to confirm before using D-180
19
Confirming how you want to use D-180
Confirming your camera system / master strobe / housing
Confirming useable functions
Confirming connection method
Confirming attachment method
Description of Parts & Controls
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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Chapter 2
Preparation and Set-up
Camera System Preparation
29
Using with digital cameras
Digital Camera Setting Example: Olympus C-4040 / 5050 Zoom
Digital Camera Setting Example: Nikon CP800
Digital Camera Setting Example: Olympus C-200 Zoom
Digital Camera Setting Example: Canon A-20
Using with another external strobe
Setting up Advanced Cancel Circuit
Installing Batteries
Connecting to Camera System
Attaching to Camera/Housing System
Chapter 3
34
34
35
35
How to use the D-180 Strobe
Main Mode Switch Setting Method
Focus Light Switch Setting Method
Aperture Value Set Switch Use Method
+1/4 EV Compensation Switch Use Method
Troubleshooting External Auto Flash
Adjusting D-180 Flash Output
36
36
37
38
39
41
Reference:
Ref. No. 8
Ref. No. 9
Exposure when using strobes
42
Differences between using external strobes with digital cameras 43
and film cameras.
Ref. No. 10 Characteristics of External Auto Exposure Adjustment systems 44
Setting Manual Flash Output
Chapter 4
44
D-180 Care and Maintenance
Preventative Care and Maintenance Guidelines
Post Dive Care
Overhaul
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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46
49
49
Chapter 5
Reference
Optional Accessories
Connector Parts
Arm System
AD Mount Base System
M67 Mount Base System
Specifications
Technical Support & Service
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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INON D-180
Underwater Auto-Strobe User Manual
Thank you for purchasing the Inon D-180 Strobe. The D-180 is a dual use underwater and land
external strobe with 18 Guide Number (ISO 100, Air x 1meter) and the following main features.
Allows “External Auto Flash Exposure Adjustment” (hereafter, “External Auto”) when used
with various digital camera systems.
Shutter linked, auto-off Focus and Target Light, supports both Auto Focus and Manual Focus.
“Advanced Cancel Circuit” (Patent Pending) allow use of both real time and “pre-flash” type
digital cameras. For pre-flash type cameras, the circuit allows superior images by
reproducing the camera’s pre-flash, but at higher intensity for optimum underwater
performance.
Compatible with Inon “Clear Photo System” (Patent Pending) to reduce or eliminate incidence of
“marine snow” (backscatter) caused by digital camera internal strobes illuminating suspended
particles in front of camera lens.
The D-180 is a complex, multi-function device with different features available for different
camera / housing systems. Before learning more about how to use the D-180 we recommend you
read or review your camera / housing manual(s) so that you thoroughly understand these
components of your system first. Then, we strongly advise you thoroughly read this Manual to
become familiar with the D-180, especially with regard to your particular camera system and
applications.
The D-180 is designed to withstand and perform in extreme environments. And, before leaving
the factory each strobe is pressure tested and all functions are tested to confirm quality. However,
before using in the water, each user should test the strobe with their camera/housing system to
re-confirm proper functioning.
Also, to maintain optimum operation and performance of your D-180, and for safety’s sake, please
pay close attention to this Manual’s Warning and Caution statements, and preventative
maintenance recommendations. Failure to do so may cause flooding or damage to your strobe or
camera system, or personal injury to you or others.
INON America Limited Warranty Terms & Conditions
INON America, Inc. warrants INON products for one year from date of purchase by original
consumer purchaser, except for strobe focusing lights, which are warranted for six months.
INON America will repair or replace the product, free of charge, during the warranty period, for
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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All rights reserved.
manufacturing defects or repair matters where the product has been subject to normal use; and,
when operation, handling and maintenance have been conducted in accordance with this User
Manual.
Repair or replacement will not be free of charge in the following cases:
1) When product is stolen or lost.
2) When product is damaged due to fire or natural disaster.
3) When product is damaged due to owner negligence and abuse, such as damage due to repeated
continuous firing and discharge of strobe without recommended cooling interval.
4) When product has been modified or repaired or disassembled by anyone or at a facility not
approved by INON America.
5) When product defects or malfunction are attributed to or resulting from normal wear and tear.
6) When product was not purchased from INON America or an INON America Authorized
Dealer.
7) For consumable items such as O-rings, or lost items such as screws, caps etc.
No other warranty, expressed or implied, applies to the product.
Furthermore, INON America assumes no responsibility, if as a result of using the product there are
any damages or losses, including but not limited to fees, costs or other expenses incurred or related
to taking photographic images, or any lost or unattained profit from not being able to take
photographic images.
Instructions to activate and receive warranty service
1) Complete and mail the Warranty Activation Card, enclosed with your product, within 10 days
of purchase. INON America must receive to validate Warranty. Keep the other half of the
card, the Warranty Terms and Conditions part, for your records.
2) If you think your product requires warranty service, first contact INON America or your dealer
to determine if the product needs to be returned.
3) If the product needs to be returned, pack the complete product in a sturdy box with adequate
padding and send together with your half of the product warranty card. We may ask you to
enclose a dated proof of purchase or sales receipt to confirm warranty period is still in effect.
Inside the box, please include your name, address, phone number and email address; and, a
description of the malfunction of the unit and what kind of service you require.
4) Ship the product, prepaid and insured to:
INON America, Inc.
6445 Ithaca Lane North
Maple Grove, MN 55311
TEL:
763-559-1212
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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FAX:
763-559-5236
INON will return the product, shipping prepaid to you in the United States.
5) Upon receipt, carefully inspect the product.
Note: For non-warranty service, INON will evaluate product and advise cost of any necessary
repair or service.
Note: We highly recommend you obtain insurance to cover any non-warranty issue, and to protect
against risk of loss or damage to your other equipment.
Note: The company names, product names and trademarks used in this Manual are the property of
their respective owners.
Measures to prevent accidental flooding
Before explaining how to use the many features of the D-180 we recommend first understanding
some essential practices that will greatly reduce the main causes of accidentally flooding the
D-180. The D-180 is waterproof due to a rubber O-ring that seals the internal circuitry from the
elements. There is only one user serviceable O-ring: the Battery Box O-ring. This O-ring
requires frequent inspection and care to ensure its watertight integrity. Since most flooding
occurs due an O-ring related problem we strongly recommend you to inspect the O-ring (and clean,
grease or replace as necessary) each time before using the strobe. Equally important are O-ring
contact surfaces. Check the contact surfaces for contaminants or scratches. We cannot stress
enough the importance of making O-ring related inspection and maintenance a habit and essential
part of your pre-dive equipment preparation routine.
O-Ring inspection locations
Inspect and maintain these three points:
Battery Box O-ring
Battery Box O-ring groove
Battery Box outer cap O-ring contact surface
O-ring inspection methods
These are the essential factors to ensure proper O-ring function:
The O-ring itself
O-ring contact surfaces
O-ring grooves
If O-ring is properly seated in groove
Grease
INON D-180 Manual
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Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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All rights reserved.
First, inspect the O-ring as it is seated in the groove. If any of the following are evident, there is a
high chance that the strobe will flood if placed in water. Be very careful about checking these
points:
If hair, sand, lint or other debris is attached to the O-ring
Remove O-ring and wipe-off the debris.
If the O-ring is cut or cracked
The O-ring must be removed and replaced with a new O-ring.
If the O-ring is twisted
The O-ring must be removed and reinstalled uniformly with no twists
or other irregularities.
If there is hair, sand, lint or other debris on the O-ring contact surfaces
Wipe of any debris.
If there is a scratch, blemish or other imperfection on the O-ring contact surfaces
The strobe must be inspected by an authorized technician, and repaired if possible.
Contact Inon or you local Inon distributor for advice.
O-ring Maintenance Method
Grease: Inon O-rings are compounded with a special type of oil that
is not compatible with all grease types. Periodically re-grease the
O-rings only using the supplied Inon Grease. Do not use any other
grease, which may cause the O-rings to swell or deform, causing poor
seal and water leakage. Use of non-Inon grease will void warranty.
Field Maintenance: For periodic maintenance in the field it is not necessary to always
remove the O-ring and inspect the O-ring groove for each dive. If there is not any sand or
other debris visible it is ok to lightly grease the O-ring while it is seated in the O-ring groove.
For other maintenance follow the instructions below.
Removing O-ring
If you need to remove the O-ring for replacement, inspection, or to
check the O-ring groove etc., lightly squeeze the O-ring from the sides
(see figure) so it bulges out from one side. Grasp the extended part
and gently pull to remove. Never use sharp or metal objects to
remove O-rings as they may damage the O-ring itself or the O-ring
groove contact surface. If squeezing the O-ring from both sides does
not work, try gently using the edge of a credit card or similar object,
to pry the O-ring up a little so you can grasp it. Then clean any
residual grease or debris from the O-ring groove and contact surface, and check the condition
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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of both surfaces. Wipe off the O-ring and determine is if is still useable or not.
Installing O-ring
After checking and confirming that the O-ring groove is clean and not damaged, using your
fingertips, apply a thin uniform film of Inon grease on the O-ring. Install the O-ring in the
groove, making sure that it is seated uniformly and not twisted. Then add a little extra grease
to the O-ring, and liberally grease O-ring contact surface on the battery box. A little extra
grease is necessary due to friction when
screwing down the battery box cap. Slowly
screw down the battery box cap, making sure
you don’t feel any excessive resistance, which
could mean the O-ring is binding or bearing
too much friction.
When the battery box cap is fully screwed down and seated on the O-ring surface, look at the
O-ring through the transparent edge of the cap. You should see a continuous, uniform contact
line (the “witness line”) between the cap and O-ring. If the contact line is not uniform, or
twisted, contaminated with hair, lint or sand etc. there is a good chance the strobe will flood.
Remove cap, re-seat O-ring and/or remove contaminants as necessary.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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Names of D-180 Parts
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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1. Flash Tubes
2. Focus Light
3. Light Adjustment Sensor
4. +1/4 EV Compensation Switch
5. Slave Sensor
6. Main Mode Switch
7. Aperture Value Set Switch
8. Focus Light Switch
9. Advanced Cancel Circuit Switch
10. Strobe Ready Red Lamp
11. “TTL” OK Green Lamp
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
12. Battery Box
13. Battery Box Inner Cap
14. Battery Box Inner Cap Screw
15. Battery Box Outer Cap
16. 6mm threaded socket for Z-Adapter / YS Adapter
17. Magnet Switch Screw
18. Magnet Switch
19. Magnet Screw Tightener
20. Battery Box Spare O-ring
21. Inon Grease
11
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Chapter 1
D-180 Features
D-180 Main Functions
The D-180 is a high performance, multi-function underwater auto-strobe, designed to be
particularly useful with digital camera systems and including features such as advanced cancel
circuitry and an integral underwater light. Depending on what camera system and master strobe
the D-180 is used with, the useable D-180 functions will be different. Some functions are only
useable in conjunction with certain camera and strobe systems.
The main functions are:
1) Flash Function (External Auto Strobe / External Auto Function)
When camera shutter is released the D-180 flashes in time with the camera and
automatically adjusts flash output for correct exposure.
Using the D-180’s “External Auto Flash Exposure Adjustment” (hereafter, “External
Auto”) control mode the D-180 itself automatically adjusts for correct flash output
amount and “proper” exposure. It is not necessary to rely on the camera’s automatic
flash adjustment control. Or use the Manual Mode 4 step flash output adjustment for
manual strobe control.
2) Slave Strobe (External Auto Slave Strobe Function)
When connected to another (master) strobe, including internal strobes of digital
cameras, the D-180 flashes at the same time as the master strobe.
Using the D-180’s “External Auto” control mode the D-180 itself automatically
adjusts for correct flash output amount and “proper” exposure. It is not necessary to
rely on the camera’s automatic flash adjustment control. Or use the Manual Mode 4
step flash output adjustment for manual strobe control.
3) Advanced Cancel Circuitry
For digital cameras which emit a “pre-flash”, compared to conventional strobes with
simple pre-flash cancel circuits which cause the camera’s internal strobe to emit a full
discharge on the second main flash, the D-180 Advanced Cancel Circuit effectively
reduces the main flash output with the following benefits:
- Conserves the internal strobe’s condenser energy so the internal strobe’s
recycle time is shortened, allowing quicker follow-up shots.
- Reduces energy consumption so more images can be taken per set of
batteries.
4) “Clear Photo System” Compatible
“Clear Photo System” allows the external strobe (D-180) to be more effectively used
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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as a Slave Strobe, by reducing the amount of backscatter caused by light coming from
the camera’s internal strobe illuminating suspended particles in front of the lens,
enabling clearer, higher quality images.
The system (Patent Pending) was devised from the D-180’s design conception. First, a
“Clear Photo Filter” is placed over the camera’s flash. This filter blocks visible light,
only allowing non-visible wavelengths to pass though. Accordingly, there is no
visible light to illuminate the particles in front of the lens. The non-visible light is
picked up by a fiber optic cable and relayed to the strobe, triggering a flash output.
Clear Photo Film is included with Inon “Optical D Cable/Cap Sets” available for
various camera/housing systems.
5) Shutter Linked Auto-Off Focus and Target Light
The Focus and Target Light has many functions. First it shines light on the subject,
increasing contrast so both Manual and Auto Focusing are easier. Also, it helps aim
the strobe’s beam axis directly on the subject. Upon activating the Focus Light
Switch, the Focus Light will turn on, and upon sensing the camera’s internal strobe
flash, will automatically turn off so no light from the Focus Light is recorded in the
image. Also the Focus Light can be set to turn off automatically in about eight
seconds if the Focus Light Switch is not pressed again.
Reference No. 1
Automatic Flash Adjustment of External Strobes
When using external strobes, in order to automatically adjust the amount of flash output and
properly expose the subject, it is necessary to calculate and control the strobe’s flash duration (light
output amount / “intensity”) using the following information.
ISO sensitivity
Aperture Value
Reflectivity of the subject
Of this information, depending on the method of measurement and part of the subject being
measured for reflectivity, the methods of automatic flash output adjustment can be classified as
follows:
1) During exposure, the camera meters (measures) in real time
Subject reflectivity measured TTL (Through The camera’s Lens) in real time; strobe quenches
(turns off) at time of “proper” exposure. (Real Time TTL Auto Exposure Adjustment)
Using a light sensor on the camera, subject reflectivity is measured in real time; strobe
quenches at time of “proper” exposure. (Real Time Auto Exposure Adjustment)
2) Before exposure, camera meters (measures) a “pre-flash”
Camera’s internal strobe fires a small “pre-flash” to illuminate the subject.
INON D-180 Manual
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Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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During pre-flash,
subject reflectivity measured TTL; based on this information, second (main) flash duration is
calculated, and then strobe fires main flash quickly afterwards, only for the specified duration.
(Pre-flash TTL Auto Exposure Adjustment)
3) During exposure, strobe itself measures in real time
Using a light sensor in the strobe, subject reflectivity measured in real time, with strobe
quenching at time of “proper” exposure. (External Auto Flash Exposure Adjustment)
For each of these automatic flash adjustment methods to work, besides a signal instructing the
external strobe to fire, the various combinations of cameras (and master strobes) and external
strobes must be compatible with each other’s signal transmission methods.
- In case of 1) above: From Camera to External Strobe
Instruction to stop flash
- In case of 2) above:
From Camera to External Strobe
- In case of 3) above:
External Strobe to Camera
From Camera to External Strobe
Instruction to stop flash; or,
Instruction for flash duration
External strobe information
ISO Sensitivity information, and
Aperture Value information
As of December 2002, a majority of consumer digital cameras use Pre-Flash TTL Auto Exposure
Adjustment. Unlike conventional 35mm film camera systems with the widely adopted Real Time
TTL Auto Flash Adjustment, most current digicams cannot use such automatic exposure
adjustment with external strobes. Likewise, except for some dedicated land strobes for certain
camera brands, there are no external strobes yet available fully compatible of functioning with the
various Pre-Flash TTL Auto Exposure Adjustment type cameras available. The main reasons are:
Because pre-flash specifications and protocol have not been standardized between the camera
manufacturers.
The external strobe to camera signal transmission specifications have not been standardized
between camera manufacturers, and the communication method used by most existing external
strobes has not been adopted in most digital cameras.
Due to the lack of real time information from camera to strobe, digital cameras cannot
automatically adjust exposure with external strobes. Therefore it is necessary for the external
strobe itself, to a certain extent, independently execute automatic flash adjustment.
The D-180, as an External Auto Flash Exposure Adjustment type of strobe, and using an Advanced
Cancel Circuit, is compatible with the vast majority of digital cameras using Pre-Flash TTL Auto
Exposure Adjustment, and of course Real Time Auto Exposure Adjustment type cameras.
Regardless of the camera type, automatic light adjustment is possible with the D-180 external
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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strobe itself.
To determine your camera’s automatic light adjustment type please refer to your camera manual,
and Page 18, “Items to confirm before using D-180”.
Flash Adjustment Type Naming Conventions used in this Manual:
Real Time TTL Auto Exposure Adjustment
R-TTL
Real Time Auto Exposure Adjustment
R-S
Pre-flash TTL Auto Exposure Adjustment
P-TTL
External Auto Flash Exposure Adjustment (with pre-flash)
P-S
External Auto Flash Exposure Adjustment (without pre-flash) R-S
Manual Flash Exposure Adjustment (with pre-flash)
P-M
Manual Flash Exposure Adjustment (without pre-flash)
R-M
Reference No. 2
“TTL” – What is it?
TTL stands for Through The Lens; that is, light which passes through the camera lens.
In order to obtain proper exposure, of various methods to measure exposure amount, light passing
through the lens and directly striking the light sensitive medium/device (silver halide film, image
sensor(CCD) etc.) is metered directly; or, metered indirectly if it is reflected off the light sensitive
medium/device.
An external strobe using these TTL metering methods of automatic light control is called a “TTL
Strobe” and an external slave strobe set to synchronize with the master strobe’s flash duration is
called a “TTL Slave Strobe”.
For the purposes of this Manual, we distinguish between two types of TTL light adjustment, both
of which are common in current digital cameras.
- Real Time TTL Auto Exposure Adjustment
- Pre-flash TTL Auto Exposure Adjustment
Real Time TTL Auto Exposure is when the image is being taken (when the shutter is open), and
when TTL metering is occurring and the exposure value is being adjusted in real time.
Pre-flash TTL Auto Exposure Adjustment is when the camera’s internal strobe fires a flash before
the shutter opens, and this light reflecting from the subject is metered TTL, and the data resulting
from this is used set the main strobe’s actual flash amount, so when the shutter opens and the
strobe flashes, the flash output is of a predetermined amount.
Reference No. 3
“Pre-Flash” – What is it?
Camera’s internal strobe fires one or more small flashes before the main flash. Reflected light
from the pre-flash(s) is measured by the camera and used to calculate the main flash duration, for
correct exposure.
INON D-180 Manual
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Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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In general, for “Pre-flash TTL Auto Exposure Adjustment” type camera systems, before the shutter
opens to actually record the image, the subject reflectivity must be metered in order to calculate the
main flash duration (intensity).
In order to meter the subject reflectivity, the camera fist fires one or more small flashes
(pre-flashes) and measures the light reflected back from the subject. Then the camera calculates
what it “thinks” the best main flash duration would be to achieve correct exposure. Finally, the
shutter opens and the camera’s internal strobe fires its main flash for the pre-calculated duration.
Reference No. 4 “External Auto” (External Automatic Flash Exposure Adjustment)
A function where a strobe has a light adjustment sensor mounted in the strobe itself, whereby the
light adjustment sensor adjusts flash output based on subject reflectivity, for “correct” exposure.
For strobes with this function, by setting the strobe’s Aperture Value to match that of the camera
system, at the same time as the camera’s internal strobe fires its main flash, the external strobe’s
light adjustment sensor measures subject reflectivity in real time, and automatically adjusts for
correct strobe output.
Reference No. 5
“Master Strobe” and “Slave Strobe”
“Master” and “Slave” are terms corresponding to “which strobe is the controlling device” and
“which strobe is being controlled”.
When using two strobes (including the case of the camera’s internal strobe and the D-180), where
both the camera’s strobe and D-180 are directly connected to the camera/housing, and are
controlled by the same signal, since there is no difference in function, there is no distinction
between Master and Slave.
However, it is possible to connect only one of the strobes directly to the camera/housing, with the
other strobe connected to the first strobe. The strobe connected to the camera/housing (Master)
receives control signals directly from the camera and flashes. At that time, the other (Slave)
strobe sees the master strobe’s flash, and at that signal, reproduces the same flash duration as the
master strobe. “Master” and “Slave” terms are used when the two strobes have such definite
master/slave relationship.
For the purpose of compatibility with the D-180, as of December 2002, most digital camera’s
internal strobe is the master strobe, with the external strobe being a slave connection.
Reference No. 6
“Advanced Cancel Circuit”
By proactively utilizing the fundamental light control theory of digital cameras using “Pre-flash
TTL Auto Flash Adjustment”, compared to conventional strobes with simple pre-flash cancel
circuits which cause the camera’s internal strobe to emit a full discharge on the second main flash,
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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the D-180 Advanced Cancel Circuit (patent pending) effectively reduces the internal strobe’s main
flash output with the following benefits:
Conserves the internal strobe’s condenser energy so the internal strobe’s recycle time
is shortened, allowing quicker follow-up shots.
Reduces energy consumption so more images can be taken per set of batteries.
The Advanced Cancel Circuit reduces the internal strobe’s second main flash by first telling the
D-180 to reproduce (in real time) the camera’s pre-flash, but at a multiple of the actual camera
pre-flash output. (e.g., In the case of the C-3030/3040 pre-flash, the D-180 emits its own
pre-flash but at 22 times higher intensity.) The actual D-180 pre-flash strength corresponds to the
particular camera model’s internal strobe pre-flash intensity.
The purpose and design of the camera’s pre-flash is to illuminate the subject in air, in order to
calculate the main flash duration. The camera’s pre-flash intensity and main flash exposure
calculation method were not designed to be used in water, where much of the pre-flash’s light is
absorbed in the water between the camera and subject. The camera, receiving little reflected light
back from the subject, thinks “Oh my, it is really dark out there.” and tells the internal strobe to
emit a full discharge, hoping to sufficiently illuminate the subject. So the internal strobe fires a
full “dump” of light and releases all the built-up energy stored in its capacitor. It then takes a few
seconds for the energy to build up again before another image can be taken.
In contrast, in addition to the internal strobe’s pre-flash intensity, the D-180 calculates its pre-flash
based on the fact that the pre-flash must pass through water (not air) on its way to the subject and
back again to the camera. When the camera receives more light from the D-180 pre-flash, it does
not “think” it is so dark and fires its main flash at reduced output, conserving stored energy in the
internal strobe’s capacitor, enabling the strobe to recycle faster, shortening the interval between
shots and allowing more shots per set of batteries.
Reference No. 7
“Clear Photo System”
The Inon “Clear Photo System” helps produce clearer better images, shortens the camera’s internal
strobe re-cycle time for quicker follow-up shots, and prolongs the camera’s battery life.
No Backscatter: The most important function is to minimize incidence of “marine snow”
(backscatter). Backscatter is when particles suspended in the water in front of the lens are
illuminated by the camera’s internal flash, resulting in a “blizzard” effect of white specs in the
image. Or, if the particles are very small, the resulting image may look hazy or out of focus.
Clear Photo System works by first placing a visible light cut filter (“Clear Photo Filter”) over the
camera’s internal strobe. This filter only lets the non-visible wavelengths pass through.
Accordingly, there is no visible light coming from the camera to illuminate the particles and cause
backscatter. The D-180 does not need a visible light signal from the master strobe to function.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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The non-visible light which passes through the Clear Photo Filter is picked up by an Inon “Optical
D Cable” fiber optic and guided to the D-180’s slave sensor. When the D-180 receives this light
signal if fires. Since the D-180 can be mounted externally, at an angle away from the camera, the
strobe’s light beam can reach the subject without illuminating the water and particles between the
camera and subject. Another benefit of Clear Photo System is no stray light from the internal
flash causing ghosts or flare inside the housing, port tube barrel or attachment lenses.
Clear Photo Film is included with Inon “Optical D Cable/Cap Sets” which are available for many
popular camera/housing models. Refer to the User Manual with your Optical D Cable/Cap Set.
Connecting D-180 to Camera System
The D-180 can receive strobe control signals several ways. Depending on how you intend to use
the D-180 will determine the control signal reception method, and the way of connecting the
D-180 to your camera/housing/master strobe system. Before attempting to use your strobe, it is
important to understand the connection method relevant for your situation.
The D-180 can be connected to your camera/housing/master strobe system as follows:
1) Using D-180 as an external Slave Strobe to digital camera’s internal strobe (Master Strobe) (*1)
Optical D Cable Connection
Select an Inon “Optical D Cable/Cap Set” specified for your camera/housing, and connect
one end to the Master Strobe/Housing, and the other end to the D-180 Slave Strobe. The
Master Strobe transmits light through the fiber optic cable to the D-180’s Slave Sensor.
As the Slave Strobe, the D-180 fires and quenches when it senses “correct” exposure.
2) Using external D-180 as a Slave Strobe to another external strobe (Master Strobe) (*2)
Optical Slave Cable
Connect an Inon “Optical Slave Cable” (*3) between the D-180 and the other external
strobe. The other external strobe (Master Strobe) transmits light though the fiber optic
cable to the D-180’s Slave Sensor. As the Slave Strobe, the D-180 fires and quenches
when it senses “correct” exposure.
4) Using D-180 as a Master Strobe to another external strobe (Slave Strobe)
Optical D Slave Cable Connection
Connect an Inon “Optical D Slave Cable” (*4) between a D-180 or Z-220 strobe (Master
Strobe) and an Inon Z-220 or Z-220 strobe (Slave Strobe). Light from the D-180/Z-220
Focus Light will link to and allow functioning of the slave strobe’s Focus Light and Target
Laser.
(*1) Wireless slave connection not possible. Optical D Cable necessary.
(*2) Wireless slave connection not possible. Optical Slave Cable necessary.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
18
All rights reserved.
(*3) Depending on the diameter of the Master Strobe, choose an Optical Slave Cable with either an S (short) or L
(long) harness size.
(see page 24 for details)
(*4) Not possible to use Z-220 –0.5 or –3.0 diffusers. Possible to use D-180 –0.5 Diffuser. When using Z-22, “TTL
Sensor Z” is necessary.
Items to confirm before using D-180
Now that we have covered the D-180 features and connection methods, before using let’s confirm
your camera system / master strobe configuration, and also confirm each D-180 usable function.
Confirming how you want to use the D-180
First, confirm what configuration the D-180 will be used with, either a digital camera alone, or
together with another external (master) strobe. Fill-in or ✓ the check boxes below.
✓Check Point:
Use with: Digital Camera alone, or
Use with: other external (master) strobe
Use with:
Confirming your camera system / master strobe / housing
Next, confirm the camera system / master strobe / housing that you will be using. Then, confirm
which automatic flash adjustment method your camera system / master strobe is compatible with
in the various charts on the next pages.
✓Check Points:
R-TTL
Camera’s Strobe Light P-TTL
R-S
Adjustment type is:
P-S
R-M
(✓check one)
P-M
Camera / Master Strobe is:
Ref.
R-TTL:
P-TTL:
R-S:
P-S:
R-M:
P-M:
□
□
□
□
□
□
With:
(✓check)
Settable ISO
□
Aperture displayed in LCD □
Settable Aperture
□
, Housing is:
Real Time TTL Auto Exposure Adjustment
Pre-flash TTL Auto Exposure Adjustment
Real Time Auto Exposure Adjustment / External Auto Flash Adjustment (w/o pre-flash)
External Auto Flash Exposure Adjustment (with pre-flash)
Manual Flash Exposure Adjustment (without pre-flash)
Manual Flash Exposure Adjustment (with pre-flash)
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
19
All rights reserved.
Master Strobe (Digital Camera Integral Strobe) Group Chart
✓
Camera Model
Camera Model
Camera Model
Housing
Light
Settable
Aperture
Settable
(USA)
(Japan)
(Europe)
Model
Adjustment
ISO
Displayed
Aperture
Mfr.
in LCD
Type
Olympus D-400Z
C-900Zoom
C-900Z
PT-003
D-450Z
C-920Zoom
C-920Z
C-3030/3000/2020Z
C-3030/3000/2020Z
C-3030/3000/2020Z
D460/D490Zoom
C-960Zoom, C-990Zoom C-960Zoom, C-990Zoom
C-990ZS
C-3040Zoom, C-2040Zoom C-3040Zoom,
C-2040Zoom
C-3040Zoom,
C-2040Zoom
NO
NO
PT-003
YES
NO
NO
PT-005/007/010
YES
YES
YES
YES
NO
NO
YES
YES
YES
NO
NO
NO
PT-006
PT-007, PT-010
Brio 100
C-1
D-510Z, D-550Z
C-200Zoom, C-300Zoom C-200Zoom, C-300Zoom PT-009
YES
NO
NO
C-4040Zoom
C-4040Zoom
YES
YES
YES
C-4000Zoom (slave mode)
C-4100Zoom (slave mode) C-4000Zoom (slave mode)
R-M
YES
YES
YES
C-4000Zoom (other than
C-4100Zoom (other than
P-TTL
YES
YES
YES
above)
C-1
NO
P-TTL
above)
PT-008
C-4040Zoom
PT-010
C-4000Zoom (other than
above)
Brio 230
C-2
C-2
PT-011
NO
NO
NO
D-40Z
C-40Zoom
C-40Zoom
PT-012
YES
YES
YES
Brio Zoom 150
C-1 Zoom, C-2 Zoom
C-1 Zoom, C-2 Zoom
PT-013
NO
NO
NO
C-50 Zoom
X-1, X-2
C-50 Zoom
PT-014
YES
YES
YES
C-5050 Zoom (slave mode)
C-5050 Zoom (slave mode) C-5050 Zoom (slave mode)
R-M
YES
YES
YES
C-5050 Zoom (other than
C-5050 Zoom (other than
P-TTL
YES
YES
YES
above)
above)
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
C-5050 Zoom (other than
above)
20
All rights reserved.
PT-015
Canon
Stylus 300, Stylus 400
u-10 Digital, u-20 Digital Digital u-300,Digital u-400 PT-016
D-560 Zoom
X-200
C-350Z, C-450Z
PT-017
C-750/740 Ultra Zoom
C-750/740 Ultra Zoom
C-750/740 Ultra Zoom
PT-018
S300 Digital ELPH
IXY D300
IXUS 300
WP-DC100
S330 Digital ELPH
Digital IXUS330
IXY D300a
IXUS 330
P-TTL
NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
YES
YES
YES
NO
NO
NO
WP-DC500
YES
NO
NO
WP-DC200
NO
NO
NO
R-M
YES
YES
YES
A20, A10
A20, A10
A20, A10
A40, A30 (Manual Mode)
A40, A30 (Manual Mode)
A40, A30 (Manual Mode)
A40, A30 (other than above)
A40, A30 (other than above) A40, A30 (other than above)
P-TTL
YES
NO
NO
S50, S45, S40, S30
S50, S45, S40, S30
S50, S45, S40, S30
R-M
YES
YES
YES
(Manual Mode)
(Manual Mode)
(Manual Mode)
S50, S45, S40, S30
S50, S45, S40, S30
S50, S45, S40, S30
P-TTL
YES
YES
YES
(other than above)
(other than above)
(other than above)
A200, A100
A200, A100
A200, A100
P-TTL
YES
NO
NO
YES
NO
NO
R-M
YES
YES
YES
P-TTL
YES
NO
NO
YES
NO
NO
WP-DC200s
WP-DC300
WP-DC400
S230 Digital ELPH
Digital IXUS v3
S200 DIGITAL ELPH
P-TTL
IXY D320, IXY D200a
IXUS v2, IXUS v3
WP-DC600
Digital IXUS v2
A70, A60 (Manual Mode)
A70, A60 (Manual Mode)
A70, A60 (other than above)
A70, A60 (other than above) A70, A60 (other than above)
SD100 Digital ELPH
Digital IXUS2
IXY D30
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
A70, A60 (Manual Mode)
IXUS II
WP-DC10
21
All rights reserved.
WP-DC700
P-TTL
S400 Digital ELPH
Digital IXUS400
Nikon
Sony
Fujifilm
IXY D400
IXUS 400
WP-DC800
P-TTL
YES
NO
NO
R-M
YES
YES
YES
P-TTL
YES
YES
YES
G2 (Manual Mode)
G2 (Manual Mode)
G2 (Manual Mode)
G2 (other than above)
G2 (other than above)
G2 (other than above)
G3, G5 (Manual Mode)
G3, G5 (Manual Mode)
G3, G5 (Manual Mode)
UMIE DCH-701
R-M
YES
YES
YES
G3, G5 (other than above)
G3, G5 (other than above)
G3, G5 (other than above)
Aquamir G3
P-TTL
YES
YES
YES
CP800
E800
CP800
DN-800
P-TTL
YES
YES
NO
CP880
E880
CP880
DN-880
YES
YES
YES
CP995, CP990, CP950
E995, E990, E950
CP995, CP990, CP950
-
R-S
YES
YES
YES
CP885
CP885
CP885
CP4
P-TTL
YES
YES
YES
CP4300
CP4300
CP4300
CP4
P-TTL
YES
YES
YES
CP4500
CP4500
CP4500
R-S
YES
YES
YES
CP5000
CP5000
CP5000
YES
YES
YES
CP5400
CP5400
CP5400
-
YES
YES
YES
CP5700
CP5700
CP5700
-
YES
YES
YES
DSC-P1
DSC-P1
DSC-P1
MPK-P1
R-S
NO
NO
NO
DSC-P3, DSC-P5
DSC-P3, DSC-P5
DSC-P3, DSC-P5
MPK-P5
R-S
YES
YES
NO
DSC-P7, DSC-P9
DSC-P7, DSC-P9
DSC-P7, DSC-P9
MPK-P9
P-TTL
YES
YES
NO
DSC-P8, DSC-P10
DSC-P8, DSC-P10
DSC-P8, DSC-P10,
MPK-PHA
P-TTL
YES
YES
NO
DSC-F707 / 717
DSC-F707 / 717
DSC-F707 / 717
Aquamir F717
P-TTL
YES
YES
YES
FP401
FP401
FP401
DCP 401
R-S
FP410
FP410
FP410
DCP 410
R-S
Aquamir G2
Aquamir CP5
Note: Some of above information based on camera maker catalog specifications, and not tested/confirmed by Inon.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
22
All rights reserved.
Master Strobe Group Chart (External Strobe)
✓
Mfr.
INON
Master Strobe Model
Flash
Settable
Adjustment
ISO
Aperture
Settable
Displayed Aperture
Type
in LCD
D-180 w/ pre-flash type digital camera
P-S/M
D-180 (in all other cases)
R-S/M
(Depending on the Camera
System or Master Strobe you
are using.)
P-M
Z-220 w/ pre-flash type digital camera
Z-220 (in all other cases)
Z-22
Nikon
R-TTL/M
SB-104, SB-105
Sea & Sea YS-25DX,
YS-30, YS-60, YS-90,
YS-90DX, YS-120, YS-300, YS-350
YS-90AUTO YS-25AUTO (cancel off)
Ikelite
SS-50, SS-100, SS-200, SS-400
DS-50, DS-125
Confirming useable functions
Here, confirm the D-180 functions possible with your camera system / master strobe configuration.
For detailed explanation of each function, see page 11, “D-180 Main Functions”.
For camera systems not listed in this chart, try shooting some test images to confirm functionality.
Useable functions when using with digital camera
Flash
✓ Adjust.
Settable
Aperture
Settable
Slave
Advanced
“Clear
ISO
Displayed
Aperture
Strobe Function
Cancel
System”
Light
“Ext. Auto”
Circuit
Compatible (*3)
Function
Type
in LCD
Manual
Photo Focus
P-TTL
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES (*1)
YES
YES
(*1)
YES
YES
NO
YES
YES
YES (*1)
YES
YES
YES
NO
NO
YES (*2)
YES
YES (*1)
YES
YES
NO
NO
NO
YES (*2)
YES
YES (*1)
YES
YES
R-S,
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
Un-necessary
YES
(*4)
R-M
YES
YES
NO
YES
YES
Un-necessary
YES
(*4)
YES
NO
NO
YES (*2)
YES
Un-necessary
YES
(*4)
NO
NO
NO
YES (*2)
YES
Un-necessary
YES
(*4)
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
23
All rights reserved.
Useable functions when using with another external strobe
Flash
Settable
Aperture
Settable
Slave
Advanced
“Clear
✓ Adjustment
ISO
Displayed
Aperture
Strobe Function
Cancel Circuit
System”
Light
Compatible
Function
Type
in LCD
“Ext. Auto”
Manual
Photo Focus
P-S, P-M (*1)
(According to camera YES
system being used.)
(*2)
YES
YES (*1)
Un-necessary
YES
R-S, R-M,
R-TTL
(According to camera YES
system being used.)
(*2)
YES
Un-necessary
Un-necessary
(*4)
(*1) For digital cameras using two or more pre-flashes (e.g. Olympus C2 etc.), the Advanced Cancel Circuit will only
respond to the first pre-flash.
The second and any subsequent pre-flashes will be treated as standard slave.
Compared to one pre-flash type cameras, this means the light adjustment range will be narrower for the main flash.
For more details see page 29, “Camera System Preparation”.
(*2) For External Auto with digital cameras that do not have Aperture Value displayed on the LCD panel, or the ability
to set ISO value, refer to your camera manual and determine the “Effective Aperture Value Range” and “Effective ISO
Sensitivity Range”. For more details see page 29, “Camera System Preparation”.
(*3) “Clear Photo System” possible when using optional Inon “Optical D Cable/Cap Set” available for various specific
camera/housing configurations.
(*4) It is possible that light from the Focus Light may expose the image. We recommend first turning the Focus
Light OFF before releasing the shutter.
Confirming Connection Method
Next, because camera/housing to strobe connections, and strobe to strobe connections differ for
each configuration type, confirm which optional parts are necessary. For details on optional
connection parts see page 51, “Optional Accessories”, or the instruction manual included with each
product.
Optical D Cable Connection / Optional Parts Chart
✓
Mfr.
Housing Model
Necessary Optional Connection Parts
Optical D Cable
Olympus PT-005/007/010
Mount Base
Optical D Cable/Cap W2 Set
Not Necessary, Direct
PT-009
Optical D Cable/Cap W4 Set
AD Mount Base PT-009
PT-012
Optical D Cable/Cap W4 Set
AD Mount Base PT-012, or
M67 Mount Base PT-012
PT-014
Optical D Cable/Cap W6 Set
AD Mount Base PT-014, or
M67 Mount Base PT-014
PT-015
Optical D Cable/Cap W5 Set
Not Necessary, Direct
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
24
All rights reserved.
PT-016
Canon
Optical D Cable/Cap W8 Set
AD Mount Base PT-016
PT-018
Optical D Cable/Cap W7 Set
Not Necessary, Direct
Other Olympus
(*5)
(*5)
WP-DC100/500
Optical D Cable/Cap W3 Set
AD Mount Base DC100/500, or
M67 Mount Base DC100/500
WP-DC200/200s
Optical D Cable/Cap W3 Set
AD Mount Base DC200/200s, or
M67 Mount Base DC200/200s
WP-DC300
Optical D Cable/Cap W3 Set
AD Mount Base DC300, or
M67 Mount Base DC300
WP-DC700
Optical D Cable/Cap W3 Set
AD Mount Base DC700
WP-DC800
Optical D Cable/Cap W3 Set
AD Mount Base DC800
Other Canon
Other housing brands
(*5)
(*5)
(*5)
(*5)
(*5) All optional connection parts as of October 4, 2003.
Optical D Slave Cable Compatible Strobe Chart
✓
Compatible Master Strobes*
Compatible Slave Strobes*
D-180, D-180S
Z-20, Z-220S
Z-220, Z-220S, Z22
D-180, D-180S
*There are limitations on what strobes and functions are possible.
Strobe section of Optical D Slave Cable Manual.
See Compatible Master / Slave
Optical Slave Cable Connection / Compatible Strobe / Parts Chart
✓
Mfr.
Inon
Nikon
Sea & Sea
Ikelite
Master Strobe Model
Necessary Optional Connection Parts
D-180/180S, Z-220/220S
Optical Slave Cable S
Z-22
Optical Slave Cable L
SB-105
Optical Slave Cable S
SB-104
Optical Slave Cable L
YS-25, YS-30, YS-60, YS-90,
YS-120
Optical Slave Cable S
YS-300, YS-350
Optical Slave Cable L
DS-50, DS-125, SS-50
Optical Slave Cable S
SS-100, SS-200, SS-400
Optical Slave Cable L
Optical Slave Cable S (small) will fit strobes with diameters of approx. 6 – 10cm.
Optical Slave Cable L (large) will fit strobes with diameters of approx. 10 – 15cm.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
25
All rights reserved.
Confirming Attachment Method
Lastly, a list of some optional parts for attaching the D-180 to your camera/housing system. For
more details see page 51, “Optional Accessories” and the instruction manual included with each
product.
The D-180 Strobe attaches to strobe arms by a 6mm threaded socket in the strobe base. There are
two main ways to attach the strobe to strobe arm adapters:
A) Z Adapter (Ball adapter compatible with Inon and Ultralite arm systems.)
B) YS Adapter (Standard 12mm YS Adapter, available from Inon and various arm system
manufacturers. An Inon “YS Adapter Fixing Bolt” is necessary to use a YS Adapter.)
Inon YS Adapter &
YS Adapter Fixing Bolt
Z Adapter
YS Adapter Fixing Bolt
For other Inon Base/Arm attachment options, see “Optional Accessories” page 51.
Description of Parts & Controls
1. Flash Tubes
The flash tubes are arranged in a “T” configuration to provide a round 100 degree angle of
illumination. Guide Number 18 (Air, ISO 100 x m).
2. Focus Light
Activate Focus Light by pushing Focus Light switch. The Focus Light will turn on and then
turn off automatically as the internal strobe fires; or, if shutter not released, after about 8
seconds. Or, by pushing Focus Light switch continuously, or by turning it to either right or
left “Lock” positions while pressing, the Focus Light will turn on and shine continuously until
the shutter is released. Then, the Focus Light will turn on again automatically 0.5 seconds
after the image is taken.
4. +1/4 EV Compensation Switch
Using the +1/4 EV Compensation Switch will enable +1/4 Exposure Value to the aperture
value set on the D-180’s Aperture Value Set Switch. Placing the switch so it covers the Light
Adjustment Sensor sets +1/4 EV to ON position. For detailed setting information see Page 38,
“+1/4 EV Compensation Switch Use Method”.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
26
All rights reserved.
6. Main Mode Switch
Sets strobe power to ON/OFF.
Sets light adjustment method, and in Manual mode sets strobe
output amount. For details see Page 36, “Main Mode Switch Setting Method”.
7. Aperture Value Set Switch
When using External Auto mode, set to same aperture value as that of camera.
Page 37, “Aperture Value Set Switch Use Method”.
8. Focus Light Switch
Press this button to activate Focus Light.
For details see
One push gives 8 seconds of light before
automatically turning off. Pushing in while rotating will set and lock to continuous
illumination mode. For details see Page 36, “Focus Light Switch Setting Method”.
9. Advanced Cancel Circuit Switch
Turns Advanced Cancel Circuit ON/OFF. When using R-TTL , R-S , R-M Group Cameras
with internal strobes, or other external strobes as the Master strobe, it is necessary to set the
switch to either OFF by installing the Magnet Switch and Magnet Switch Screw. For other
group cameras, set switch to ON by not installing the Magnet Switch and Magnet Switch
Screw. For details see Page 34, “Setting the Advanced Cancel Circuit.”
17. Magnet Switch Screw
18. Magnet Switch
19. Magnet Screw Tightener
Use this tool when changing the Advanced Cancel Circuit Switch.
“Setting the Advanced Cancel Circuit.”
3. Light Adjustment Sensor
For details see Page 34,
When using External Auto, this sensor measures the light reflected back from the subject.
For details on use of +1/4 EV Compensation Switch, see Page 38, “+1/4 EV Compensation
Switch Use Method”.
5. Slave Sensor
This sensor receives light from the master strobe, either via an “Optical D Cable”, an
“Optical Slave Cable” or and “Optical D Slave Cable.” For details on connecting to
camera/housing systems see Page 23, “Confirming Connection Method”.
10. Strobe Ready Red Lamp
Lamp turns red when strobe charge complete.
The Red Strobe Ready Lamp will activate when the strobe re-charge is 80%
complete. For situations where more precise output is necessary, such as manual flash,
or for External Auto when the subject is distant and at the far end of the strobe’s auto
exposure effective working range, necessitating a full strobe discharge, we recommend
you wait an additional one second after the Strobe Ready Lamp comes on.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
27
All rights reserved.
11. “TTL” OK Green Lamp
When the strobe light adjustment mode is set to External Auto, and the image is taken and
exposed properly within the “External Auto Exposure Adjustment Range” the lamp will shine
green.
But if the subject is not within the range, for example, too far away for the strobe light to
adequately reach, causing the strobe to emit a full discharge, then the lamp will not shine.
12.
Battery Box
Caution: Be very careful that no water enters the Battery Box or contacts the terminals on
the Battery Box Inner Cap. If even one small drop of water enters for even a short period of
time it may result in an electrical short, corrosion damage, cause buildup of flammable gas,
lead to explosion or other accident. In particular, when removing the Battery Box Outer
Cap, follow these precautions:
1. First rinse with fresh water and dry area around the Battery Box. (Assuming
strobe is wet with salt water)
2. To prevent any water from entering the Battery Box, hold the Battery Box so the
Battery Box Outer Cap is facing down.
3. Also, unscrew the cap slowly.
13. Battery Box Inner Cap
14. Battery Box Inner Cap Screw
15. Battery Box Outer Cap
The D-180 can use the following batteries:
AA Alkaline Batteries x 4
AA NiCad batteries (nickel cadmium) x 4
AA NiMH batteries (nickel metal hydride) x 4
Caution:
To avoid strobe damage, or accidents including personal injury, do not use
Lithium, Manganese or other non-specified batteries.
16. 6mm threaded socket for Z-Adapter or YS Adapter/YS Adapter Fixing Bolt
20. Battery Box Spare O-Ring
21. Inon Grease
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
28
All rights reserved.
Chapter 2 Preparation and Set-up
Camera System Preparation
When using with digital cameras make the following three settings:
Set the camera’s internal strobe to “force-flash”, “fill-in-flash”, “anytime flash” or similar
mode where flash will always fire.
When using the D-180’s External Auto Flash Exposure Adjustment feature, it is also necessary
to pre-set the camera’s ISO sensitivity, Shooting Mode and Aperture Value to suit the
conditions particular to your situation.
Also, to obtain “correct” exposure or the exposure you visualize as optimum, depending on the
subject reflectivity and shooting conditions it may be necessary to use exposure compensation
on the camera and flash output compensation on the D-180.
For details on how to set the ISO Sensitivity, Shooting Mode and Aperture Value for your
particular camera, refer to your camera manual.
When D-180 is configured with digital cameras it is necessary to set the D-180’s Aperture Value to
match the camera’s aperture value setting, when the camera’s ISO sensitivity is set to a base-line
ISO 100. We recommend setting the camera as follows, as an initial standard setting.
1) Set the camera’s ISO sensitivity to “ISO 100” on camera’s that allow such setting.
2) Set the camera’s “Shooting Mode” to a mode that allows setting the Aperture Value, if your
camera allows such setting.
3) Set your camera’s Aperture Value to a value that reflects your creative intent and the
requirements of your particular imaging situation.
4) Set the camera’s “Flash Mode” to “force-flash”, “fill-in-flash” or “anytime flash”.
5) As necessary, set camera exposure to –1EV to -2EV, especially for macro imaging.
After setting the strobe and shooting some images it is possible to adjust further as follows.
6) After taking the image and reviewing it on the LCD monitor, in accordance with your intended
results and the shooting conditions, adjust the camera’s aperture value, the camera’s exposure
compensation (on camera’s that allow this), and/or the D-180’s flash output compensation.
For camera’s that do not allow setting the ISO sensitivity or do not have a Shooting Mode that
allows setting the aperture value, refer to the camera’s LCD monitor display, the camera manual
and the lens specifications as printed on the lens itself. We recommend checking this information
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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All rights reserved.
and filling in the blanks below.
1) ISO sensitivity effective range
ISO
to ISO
2) Largest aperture value (at both Tele and Macro)
W:f/
-
T:f/
3) Smallest aperture value (at both Tele and Macro) W:f/
-
T:f/
Naming conventions of cameras having shooting modes capable of settable aperture values:
Olympus
A (Aperture Priority Mode)
/
M (Manual Mode)
Canon
Av (Aperture Priority AE)
/ M (Manual Exposure)
Nikon
A (Aperture Priority Auto)
/ M (Manual)
By setting the D-180 to External Auto as described above, imaging with external strobes is easier
compared to conventional strobes using manual flash adjustment. However, in order to achieve
“proper” exposure of various subjects and shooting conditions it is necessary to have a deep
understanding of “exposure”, especially the relationship between exposure from natural ambient
light and exposure from strobe light. (See Ref. No. 8, page 42)
Digital Camera Setting Example No. 1A (Olympus C-4040 Zoom)
(And for cameras having settable ISO, Aperture Value, and with Aperture Value visible in LCD
display)
1) Turn Mode Dial to “A/S/M”, push “OK/MENU” Button, push camera’s Arrow Pad control to
RIGHT and enter “MODE MENU”.
2) In the MODE MENU Tabs, set ISO to “100”; and then “A/S/M Mode” to either A (Aperture
Priority) or M (Manual).
3) Push OK/MENU to complete this setting.
Shooting Mode (Aperture Priority)
4) Push Flash Mode Button to Fill-in Flash.
5) If the camera is set to Aperture Priority Mode, push the
Arrow Pad either up or down and choose an aperture
Aperture Value
value. If camera is set to Manual Mode, push Arrow
Exposure Compensation
Pad either right or left.
Fill-in Flash
6) When camera is set to any mode other than Manual
ISO
Mode, push the Arrow Pad up or down to set Exposure
Compensation as necessary.
C-4040 Zoom LCD Monitor Display
7) Confirm these settings in the LCD display.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
30
All rights reserved.
Digital Camera Setting Example No. 1B (Olympus C-5050 Zoom)
1) Set Mode Dial to either A (Aperture Priority) or M (Manual), push the “OK/MENU” Button,
and push the camera’s Arrow Pad control to RIGHT to enter “MODE MENU”.
2) In the CAMERA Tab, set ISO to “100”.
3) If using the internal strobe in “Slave Mode”, in the CAMERA Tab choose FLASH and then
“Slave”, and push the camera’s Arrow Pad control to RIGHT. Then push the Arrow Pad UP
or DOWN from (1) to (10) to select a flash intensity value. (When there is not much ambient
light, or for general underwater conditions it is possible to trigger the D-180 using the smallest
(1) flash intensity.)
Note: When the internal strobe is set to Slave Mode, the Master Strobe’s (i.e., the camera’s
internal strobe) light adjustment method becomes R-M, and it is therefore necessary to set the
D-180 Advanced Cancel Circuit to OFF. See Page 34 for instructions on how to set the
Advanced Cancel Circuit.
4) Push OK/MENU Button to complete this setting.
5) Push Flash Mode Button one or more times to set Fill-in-Flash.
6) Turn the Jog Dial to select your desired Aperture Value.
When the Shooting Mode is A
(Aperture Priority) or M (Manual), push the Exposure Compensation Button while turning the
Jog Dial to make these settings.
7) As necessary, while pushing the Exposure Compensation Button, turn the Jog Dial to set
Exposure Compensation in Aperture Priority Mode to adjust Aperture; and turn the Jog Dial in
Manual Mode to adjust Shutter Speed for Exposure Compensation.
8) Confirm these settings in the LCD display.
Below are some other cameras requiring similar settings. For details of making such settings,
refer to your camera manual.
Olympus:
C-3040Z, C-3000Z, C-2020Z, C-3040Z, C-2040Z C-4000, C-4100, D-40Z,
C-50AZ, C-750/740
Canon:
S50, S45, S40, S30, A70, A60, A40, A30, G2, G3, G5
Nikon:
CP880, CP885, CP900, CP990, CP995, CP4300, CP4500, CP5000, CP5400,
CP5700
Sony:
DSC-F707/717
Digital Camera Setting Example No. 2 (Nikon E800/CP800)
(And for cameras having settable ISO Sensitivity, but not settable Aperture Value, and with
Aperture Value visible in LCD display)
1) Turn Mode Dial to MREC and push MENU Button to bring up Shooting Menu.
INON D-180 Manual
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2) Push Zoom Button, align Cursor to Sensitivity and push
Shutter Button to enter Sensitivity Sub-Menu.
3) Push Zoom Button, align Cursor to “100”, press Shutter
Button and set ISO Sensitivity to 100.
4) Push Flash Mode Button one or more times to set
camera’s internal strobe to Anytime Flash.
5) As necessary, push Exposure Compensation button, the
Zoom Button to set Exposure Compensation.
Set ISO Sensitivity
to IOO in other
menu.
Aperture
Value
Anytime
Flash Mode
Exposure
Compensation
6) Confirm above settings in LCD Monitor.
E800 LCD Monitor Display
7) Adjust LCD Monitor brightness and confirm settable aperture ranges.
Wide Setting: f/3.5 – 5.5 – 7.7 (in three steps)
Tele Setting:
f/4.8 – 7.4 – 10.4 (in three steps)
Below are some cameras requiring similar settings. For details of making such settings, refer to
your camera manual.
Sony: DSC-P3, DSC-P5, DSC-P7, DSC-P8, DSC-P9, DSC-P10
Digital Camera Setting Example No. 3 (Olympus C-200 Zoom)
(And for cameras having settable ISO Sensitivity, but not
Exposure
Compensation
settable Aperture Value, and with Aperture Value not
visible in LCD display)
Fill-in Flash Mode
1) Push Menu Button to display Shooting Menu.
2) Set ISO Sensitivity to 100.
ISO Sensitivity
3) As necessary, set Exposure Compensation.
4) Push OK/MENU Button to fix settings.
5) Press Flash Mode Button (right button on Arrow Pad)
C-200 / D-510Z LCD Monitor Display
to set Fill-in Flash.
6) Confirm above settings in LCD Monitor.
7) From the camera Manual Specifications check the settable aperture range.
Wide Setting: f/2.8 to 5.6 (in two steps)
Tele Setting:
f/4.4 to 8.6 (in two steps)
Below are some other cameras requiring similar settings. For details of making such settings,
refer to your camera manual.
Olympus:
D-450Z, D-460Z, D-490Z, D-510Z, D-550Z, C-300Z, C920Z, C960Z, C990Z,
C990ZS
INON D-180 Manual
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Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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All rights reserved.
Canon:
IXY300a, S330, IXUS 330, A200, A100, IXY320, IXY200a, S230, S200,
IXUSv2, IXUSv3, IXY D30, SD100, IXUS II, IXY400, S400, IXUS400
Digital Camera Setting Example No. 4
(Canon A20)
(And for cameras not having settable ISO Sensitivity or Aperture Value, and with Aperture Value not
visible in LCD display)
1) Set Mode Dial to Manual Mode.
2) Push Flash Set Button to set Flash
Mode to ON.
5) As necessary, push Exposure / White
Balance Button once, then Macro /
Infinity
Button,
Continuous
/
Self-Timer Button, set Exposure
Compensation and then push Exposure
Exposure
Compensation
Widest
Aperture (W-T)
Manual Mode
Flash Mode ON
A20 Lens Front
/ White Balance Button twice to fix setting.
A20 LCD Monitor Display
6) Confirm above settings in LCD Monitor.
7) From the camera Manual Specifications page check the image sensor’s sensitivity range.
ISO 100 – ISO 150
8) From the lens front or the camera Manual Specifications page, check the widest aperture value,
or the settable aperture range.
Widest Aperture at Wide Setting:
Widest Aperture at Tele Setting:
f/2.8
f/4.8
Below are some other cameras requiring similar settings. For details of making such settings,
refer to your camera manual.
Olympus:
C900Z, D-400Z, C-2, Brio 230, C-1 Zoom, C-2 Zoom, Brio Zoom 150, Stylus
300, Stylus 400, u-10 Digital, u-20 Digital, u-300 Digital, u-400 Digital, X-200,
C-350Z, D-560Z
Canon:
A10, IXY300, S300, IXUS300
Sony:
DSC-P1
Using another external strobe as a slave strobe
When configuring another external strobe to use as a slave strobe in addition to the D-180, please
refer to the instruction manual for the other strobe and set it to Slave Mode. It may also be
necessary to adjust the camera’s ISO sensitivity, shooting mode and exposure compensation and
the D-180’s flash output compensation.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
33
All rights reserved.
Note: With the addition of another strobe, depending on conditions, there is a good chance of
overexposing the image as the total minimum output of all the strobes may be too much at close
distances. Here are some countermeasures:
Attach optional D-180 –0.5 diffuser to strobe to reduce flash output
Stop down camera aperture
Move strobe farther away from subject
Use Clear Photo System on internal strobe
D-180 Preparation
Setting the Advanced Cancel Circuit
Caution: Before setting Advanced Cancel Circuit always turn Main Mode Switch to OFF.
For R-TTL , R-S , R-M Group Cameras
Turn the Advanced Cancel Circuit to OFF by installing the magnet into the Advanced Cancel
Circuit Switch.
Installation Method
1) Insert the magnet into the Advanced Cancel Circuit Switch hole
2) Thread in and screw down the Magnet Switch Screw
Caution: Screwing down the Magnet Screw too tightly will damage
the strobe. Use the “Magnet Screw Tightner” as shown in picture to
screw down Magnet Screw so it is not quite snug, almost loose, but
definitely not tight.
For all Group Cameras other than R-TTL , R-S , R-M leave the
Advanced Cancel Circuit ON, by not installing the magnet.
Installing Batteries
Caution: Whenever installing batteries always turn Main Mode Switch to OFF.
Note: Whenever opening or closing Battery Box outer cap always check condition of Battery
Box O-ring, O-ring groove contact surface and O-ring contact surface on inside of cap.
Check for debris or damage, and clean/re-grease/replace O-ring as necessary.
The D-180 can use the following batteries:
AA Alkaline Batteries x 4
AA NiCad batteries (nickel cadmium) x 4
AA NiMH batteries (nickel metal hydride) x 4
INON D-180 Manual
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Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
34
All rights reserved.
Caution: To avoid strobe damage, or accidents including personal injury, do not use Lithium,
Manganese or other non-specified batteries.
1) Slowly unscrew the Battery Box
outer cap counterclockwise.
2) Unscrew the Battery Box inner cap
screw counterclockwise and remove
the Battery Box inner cap.
3) Install the batteries in proper
position, paying attention to the +/indications on the inside of the
battery box.
4) Align
the
V-shaped
index
depression on the Battery Box inner cap with the index ridges on the inside of the
Battery Box, and screw down the battery box inner cap screw.
5) After once again checking the battery box O-ring and contact surface, slowly screw
down the battery box outer cap clockwise.
Connecting to Camera System
Connecting with “Optical D Cable”, “Optical Slave Cable” or Optical D
Slave Cable:
1) Select the appropriate Optical Cable for your camera/housing/master
strobe system. Then, following the instructions provided with the
cable, connect to your system accordingly.
2) Place Sensor Plug end of Optical Cable directly over the Optical Sensor, lightly push on, and
screw down until lightly snug, but not too tight.
Attaching to Camera/Housing System
Caution: Whenever attaching to or removing from arm or system base always turn Main Mode
Switch to OFF.
Maintain Gap Here
Follow the instructions provided with your arm system / system base.
Note that improper use of screws or washers may result in damage to
the D-180.
Recommend attachment methods:
1) Inon “Z Adapter” for attaching Inon or Ultralite arm systems.
2) Inon “YS Adapter Fixing Bolt” for attaching with standard 12mm “YS Adapter”.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
35
All rights reserved.
There is a 6mm threaded socket in the base of the strobe. Whichever attachment system you use
always be sure the bolt length is not too long. If the bolt is too long and is screwed down so that
it contacts the housing body, the strobe may be damaged. When screwing in, always make sure
there is a gap between the end of the bolt and the strobe body.
Chapter 3 How to use the D-180 Strobe
Main Mode Switch Setting Method
Main Mode Switch setting positions:
OFF
Turns D-180 power off.
AUTO
Set to AUTO when using “External Auto Flash Exposure Adjustment”. To actually enable
“External Auto” it is necessary to set the Aperture Value Set Switch to a value closely matching
that of the camera system.
FULL, M-2, M-3, M-4
For manual exposure, set the dial to one of the four positions.
The light output level for each position is as follows:
Switch Position
Output Level (**)
Guide Number (*), (**)
FULL
1
18
M-2
1/4
9
M-3
1/8
6.3
M-4
1/16
4.5
(*) Guide Number (Air / ISO 100 x m)
(**) The Red Strobe Ready Lamp will activate when the strobe re-charge is 80% complete. For
situations where more precise output is necessary, such as manual flash, or for TTL when the
subject is distant and at the far end of the TTL effective range, necessitating a full strobe discharge,
we recommend you wait an additional one second after the Strobe Ready Lamp comes on.
Also, when the batteries are near exhaustion the voltage level tends decreases, and the actual strobe
output may be slightly less than indicated. Alkaline batteries especially have this tendency for
voltage to decrease, so also consider this factor when precise and/or full strobe output is necessary.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
36
All rights reserved.
Focus Light Switch Setting Method
Focus Light mode functions, control and switch position are as follows:
OFF MODE (position set at “LIGHT” as in figure to right)
Set in this position to turn Focus Light off.
Single MODE (*)
Push Focus Light switch once and release. The Focus Light will turn on and then turn off
automatically as the internal strobe fires; or, if shutter not released, after about 8 seconds.
Continuous MODE (*), (**)
By pushing Focus Light switch continuously, or by turning it to either right or left “Lock”
positions while pressing, the Focus Light will turn on and shine continuously until the shutter is
released. Then, the Focus Light will turn on again automatically 0.5 seconds after the image is
taken.
(*) The Focus Light automatic off function is triggered by the Master Strobe’s flash.
Therefore,
the Focus Light automatic off function is not recommended for use with R-TTL, R-S and R-M
Group digital cameras having internal strobes, or with other external strobes (that do not use
pre-flash type of exposure calculation). The shutter-linked automatic off function will not work
and light from the Focus Light will be recorded in the image. Turn the Focus Light OFF before
releasing the shutter.
(**) In Continuous MODE, after the shutter is released, the Focus Light will turn off for
approximately 0.5 seconds, before turning on again. Therefore, for slow shutter speeds longer
than 0.5 seconds, do not use the Focus Light in Continuous MODE, since the light will turn back
on while the shutter is still open, exposing the image with light from the Focus Light. Instead use
OFF MODE or Single MODE.
Aperture Value Set Switch Use Method
The Aperture Value Set Switch positions are as follows:
1/2
1.4
1/2
, 2, through to 8
, 11
“External Auto” is possible when Main Mode Switch is in AUTO
position and the Aperture Value Set Switch position corresponds to the camera system’s Aperture
Value settings, when the ISO Sensitivity value is 100.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
37
All rights reserved.
Set switch to the value closest to the Aperture Value set on your camera. It is not necessary to
exactly match the values.
When camera’s ISO is set to value other than 100, refer to chart below to find the most appropriate
switch position.
+1/4 EV Compensation Switch Use Method
The +1/4 EV (Exposure Value)
Compensation Switch settings are
as follows:
OFF Position:
No compensation of flash output
ON Position:
+1/4EV compensation of flash output
Camera System Aperture Value / ISO Sensitivity / Compensation Switch Chart
+1/4 EV Switch Position and Aperture Value Set Switch Position at each camera ISO value and
aperture. Use this chart together with the troubleshooting points on next page.
ISO 50
ISO 100
1.0
+1/2EV
+1/2EV
1.0
+3/4EV
1.4
1.4
+1/4EV
1.4
+3/4EV
ISO 200
2.8+1/2EV
1.4 1/2
+3/4EV
+3/4EV
1/2
2
2
2
2.8
2
ISO 400
+1/2EV
1.4
+1/4EV
Switch
Position
2.8
4
+1/4EV
2.8
1.4
2
4
+1/4EV
+1/2EV
Compensation
Switch
OFF
ON
OFF
2
ON
1.4
2
2.8
4
1.4+3/4EV
2+3/4EV
2.8+3/4EV
4+3/4EV
2 1/2
ON
2
2.8
4
5.6
2.8
OFF
+1/2EV
2
+1/4EV
2
+1/2EV
2
+3/4EV
2.8
2.8
+1/4EV
2.8
+1/2EV
2.8+3/4EV
+1/2EV
+1/4EV
2.8
+1/2EV
2.8
+3/4EV
+1/2EV
+1/4EV
4
+1/2EV
4
+3/4EV
2.8
4
4
5.6
+1/4EV
5.6
4
5.6
+1/2EV
4+3/4EV
5.6+3/4EV
+1/2EV
5.6
+1/2EV
5.6
+3/4EV
8
+1/4EV
4
5.6
+1/4EV
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
2
1/2
2.8
ON
2.8
1/2
OFF
2.8
1/2
ON
4
8
+1/4EV
8
+1/2EV
8+3/4EV
38
All rights reserved.
OFF
OFF
4
4
ON
1/2
4 1/2
OFF
ON
4
4
5.6
+1/4EV
8
+1/4EV
11
+1/4EV
+1/4EV
5.6
OFF
5.6
ON
5.6
8
11
4+1/2EV
5.6+1/2EV
8+1/2EV
11+1/2EV
5.6 1/2
+3/4EV
+3/4EV
+3/4EV
+3/4EV
1/2
4
5.6
5.6
+1/4EV
5.6
+1/2EV
5.6
8
8
11
+1/4EV
8
+1/2EV
11
16
+1/4EV
11
+1/2EV
5.6
8
+1/4EV
16
+1/2EV
OFF
ON
OFF
8
ON
1/2
8
11
16
8
5.6+3/4EV
8+3/4EV
11+3/4EV
16+3/4EV
8 1/2
ON
8
11
16
22
11
OFF
11
ON
8
+1/4EV
11
+1/4EV
+1/4EV
16
22
+1/4EV
OFF
Troubleshooting External Auto Flash
When using strobes, depending on the particular shooting conditions, subject characteristics and
desired image characteristics, it is very important to consider the total light of, and balance
between both the natural ambient light and the strobe light. Also, it is necessary to keep in mind
the general characteristics of digital cameras and how the D-180 handles external auto flash.
Here are some common situations, with causes and possible solutions.
1) Macro Imaging
Problem
Cause 1
Blooming, image highlights washed out, overexposed, too bright.
Because the amount of strobe light exposing the subject is small, the proportion
of natural light reflecting off the subject is greater. After the strobe stops firing,
when it thinks proper exposure has been reached, natural light continues to
expose the subject until the camera shutter closes, and the digital camera’s
exposure latitude is overcome.
Solution 1-2: Adjust camera to minus compensation, for example, from 0 EV (no
compensation) to –2 EV, etc.
Solution 1-2: If using Aperture Priority or Manual Mode, stop down aperture on camera, for
example from f/4.0 to f/8.0 or f/11 etc.
Solution 1-3: If using Manual Mode, increase shutter speed, for example from 1/60 to 1/125 or
1/180 etc.
Solution 1-4: Attach optional D-180 diffuser panel to strobe to decrease flash output.
Cause 2
When subject has depth there is a difference light amount reaching the front and
back, causing overexposure on the front or foreground, overcoming the digital
camera’s exposure latitude.
Solution 2-1: Adjust strobe to minus compensation, for example if the camera aperture is f/8.0,
set the strobe to f/5.6 or f/4-1/2 etc.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
39
All rights reserved.
Solution 2-2: Using strobe arms, move strobes farther away from subject to reduce amount of
light reaching the subject.
Solution 2-3: Attach optional D-180 diffuser panel to strobe to decrease flash output.
2) Mid-range Subject Imaging
Problem
Cause 1
Blooming, image highlights washed out, overexposed, too bright.
If the subject only covers a small portion of the frame, such as a small fish with
an open water background, only a small amount of light will be reflected off the
subject and back to the D-180’s light sensor. The strobe, sensing very little
reflected light (under exposure) will try to emit more light than necessary, and
overexpose/wash-out the subject.
This is a difficult situation for any
camera/strobe system.
Solution 1-1: Adjust strobe to minus compensation.
Solution 1-2: As needed, set camera’s exposure compensation.
3) Using Multiple Strobes (including camera’s internal strobe)
Problem
Blooming, image highlights washed out, overexposed, too bright.
Cause 1
The total possible minimum light output from the combined strobe system
(external strobe(s) + internal strobe) is too great at close distances, causing the
close end (nearest the camera) of the effective flash exposure range to lengthen
out, away from the camera. Subjects close to the camera/flash will receive too
much light and be overexposed. This is particularly the case for camera’s
having internal strobes with relatively large minimum possible flash output. For
such cameras we recommend placing Clear Photo System film over the internal
strobe when using external strobe(s).
Solution 1-1: Use Inon “Clear Photo System”
Solution 1-2: Stop down camera’s aperture value.
Solution 1-3: Adjust strobe to minus compensation.
Solution 1-4: Using strobe arms, move strobes farther away from subject to reduce amount of
light reaching the subject.
Solution 1-5: Attach diffuser panel to strobe(s) to decrease flash output.
Cause 2
When using strobes other than Z-220 as TTL Slave strobes when the D-180 is the
Solution 2:
Master strobe, the effective exposure range is insufficient and/or the recycle time
is too long (for use with pre-flash systems etc.) making proper exposure difficult
or not possible.
Use Z-220.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
40
All rights reserved.
4) Distant Subject Imaging
Problem
Cause
Subject is underexposed, too dark.
Subject is too far away, beyond strobe’s effective range so adequate light is not
Solution 1:
reaching subject.
Move closer to subject, to within the strobe’s effective range.
5) Advanced Techniques (slow synch imaging / using auxiliary strobes)
Problem
Blooming, image highlights washed out, overexposed, too bright.
Cause
The proportion of exposure due to natural light is comparatively greater, so that
even after the strobe stops firing at what it thinks is “proper” exposure, the
shutter is still open adding natural light exposure, causing total exposure to
exceed the camera’s exposure latitude.
Solution 1-1: Adjust strobe to minus compensation.
Solution 1-2: Adjust other shooting parameters on the camera.
6) Advanced Techniques (back-lit subjects)
Problem
Difficulty to achieve intended image.
Cause
The balance of natural light to strobe light is improper for the camera shooting
Solution 1:
parameters.
Set strobe flash output compensation and camera exposure compensation
according to the subject reflectivity, background brightness and to what degree
the subject fills the frame. In general, set camera exposure to plus (+)
compensation and strobe flash output to minus (-) compensation.
Adjusting D-180 Flash Output
It is not necessary to always exactly match the Aperture Value Set Switch to the camera’s aperture
value. However, in addition to the various situations described above, depending on the subject
condition and the D-180 strobe position relative to the subject and camera, there may be a
difference between the subject reflectivity measured by the D-180, and the subject reflectivity
metered through the camera lens. Exposure difference may vary based on camera manufacturer
and camera model, as well as other factors.
To obtain optimum exposure in such cases, after double checking that the Aperture Value setting
on the strobe matches the camera aperture in the camera monitor, if proper exposure still not
obtained, adjust the Aperture Value Set Switch for flash output compensation as described below.
Note: In general, the images on consumer digicam monitors often appear a little overexposed, so to
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
41
All rights reserved.
help in judging if images are exposed correctly or not, first calibrate the brightness of the monitor
by comparing an actual image with the same image on the monitor, and adjust the monitor until it
matches the brightness of the actual image.
To lighten image
(Increase flash output)
To darken image
(Decrease flash output)
Rotate dial clockwise for Rotate dial counter-clockwise
for (- compensation)
(+ compensation)
Reference No. 8
Exposure when using strobes
When using strobes to take images, the kind of light exposing the film/image sensor increases from
just one type; natural Ambient Light, to two types; Ambient Light and Strobe Light. Therefore,
when Strobe Light becomes a factor, in order to expose the image according to your intention, you
must first image in your mind:
1) The combined total exposure amount of Ambient and Strobe Light
2) The balance between the Ambient and Strobe light in the total exposure amount, and
how to match the camera parameters for each subject and shooting condition to
appropriately control the outcome.
Considering the light exposure from the Film or Image Sensor’s perspective, the characteristics of
Ambient and Strobe light can be compared as follows.
Ambient Light
Comparatively weaker than strobe light, but exposing for the whole time the shutter is open.
Exposes subject, foreground and background equally based on the ambient conditions.
Strobe Light
Comparatively stronger than natural light, but only exposes for a brief instant while the shutter
is open.
Because much of the strobe light will be absorbed by water, amount of strobe light reaching the
subject, foreground and background is different. Objects closer to the strobe will receive and
reflect more strobe light. Distant objects or background may not receive any strobe light at
all.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
42
All rights reserved.
Methods for controlling the Ambient and Strobe Light are different.
When using the D-180 on “External Auto” mode, with the camera’s ISO to 100, the ambient and
strobe light are controlled as follows:
Ambient Light The strobe’s setting does not make any difference.
Camera’s Aperture Value: As the aperture becomes smaller (the “f/ stop” number becomes
larger, for example f/8.0 instead of f/5.6), less light passes through the lens and so the amount
of exposure decreases (in Manual and Aperture Priority Modes). When using Exposure
Compensation with Shutter Priority Mode, the camera’s aperture value will change as well.
Camera’s Shutter Speed: As the speed becomes faster (the fraction becomes smaller, for
example 1/125 of a second instead of 1/60), less light passes though the lens and amount of
exposure decreases (in Manual and Shutter Speed Priority Modes). When using Exposure
Compensation with Aperture Priority Mode, the camera’s shutter speed will change as well.
Strobe Light Directly related to the camera’s aperture setting.
D-180 Aperture Value Set Switch Value: In contrast to setting the camera’s aperture value; 1)
Dialing the Aperture Value Set Switch to a larger aperture value (smaller number) will reduce
the flash amount (weaker). 2) Dialing to a smaller aperture value (larger number) will
increase flash amount (stronger).
D-180 +1/4 EV Compensation Switch: Moving switch to ON position (so that it covers the
Light Sensor) will increase exposure by +1/4 EV. Flash light becomes stronger.
Reference No. 9
Differences between using external strobes with digital cameras
and film cameras
Image Sensor Latitude
Compared to silver halide film, consumer grade compact digicams have narrower image sensor
latitude and less dynamic range. This means there may be less possible contrast gradations, loss
of shadow details, increase of blooming – washout of highlights etc. Accordingly, more precise
control of natural light and strobe light is increasingly important.
Image Sensor Size and Lens Focal Length
Because the image sensor size of consumer digicams is small (compared to 35mm film systems),
extremely short focal length lenses can be used. And because of this, it is possible to obtain
much deeper depth of field (compared to 35mm film at the same view angle and optical aperture).
With conventional 35mm film systems, achieving great depth of field, especially for macro
imaging, required some skill and know-how, such as aperture setting and strobe placement. But
for current digital cameras, obtaining good depth of field is comparatively easier due to the short
focal length lenses commonly used.
Also, due to current digicams having different
INON D-180 Manual
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characteristics, the basic functionality required of external strobes is also different, and the
External Auto strobe functions of the D-180 have been developed to a high level accordingly.
Reference No. 10
Characteristics of External Auto Exposure Adjustment systems
Strobe Beam Axis Adjustment
Adjust strobe beam direction so focus light shines directly on subject. This is necessary so the
flash will illuminate the subject, and also so the light adjustment sensor directly faces the subject
and receives the reflected light. This is important for proper functioning of External Auto type
strobes.
Strobe Position and Beam Angle
As the strobe is positioned farther away from the camera (the angle between the camera lens axis
and the strobe becomes greater), depending on the subject and shooting conditions, the subject
reflectivity that the camera measures compared to what the D-180’s light adjustment sensor
measures could be very different and “correct” exposure may not be obtained using External Auto.
In such cases, compensate flash output by adjusting D-180 Aperture Value Set Switch.
Strobe Light Adjustment Timing
Compared to conventional silver halide film camera systems using external strobes with TTL
automatic light adjustment, when using external strobes with External Auto light adjustment, the
strobe itself determines the strobe’s output and when to quench (for D-180, in less than 1/1,000 of
a second).
However, even after the strobe flash stops, the shutter may remain open and exposure from natural
ambient light will continue until the shutter closes, especially for non-real-time light adjustment
cameras, such as those using pre-flash. The external strobe does not consider, or calculate for
natural light exposure after the flash stops firing.
Accordingly, for imaging where exposure from natural light is a large proportion of the total
exposure (macro / slow synch / bright conditions etc.), use exposure compensation on the camera,
and/or strobe output compensation on the strobe.
Setting Manual Flash Output
When using strobes there is an intimate relationship between the Aperture Value and the shooting
distance. In air, the following formula may be used to calculate the correct aperture value.
Strobe’s Guide Number ÷ Distance to Subject = Correct Aperture (at ISO 100)
(GN)
(meter)
(f/)
However, light is absorbed very quickly as it travels through water so that it does not completely
reach the subject as it would in air. Accordingly, it is often advised to open the aperture one or
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
44
All rights reserved.
two stops to allow more light to reach the film/image sensor, compensating for the light absorbed
by the water. Note: In water, the visual distance to the subject is about 0.75 times the actual
measured distance.
Because proper Aperture Value / Guide Number may vary due to water conditions, strobe angle
and distance relative to subject, subject reflectivity, amount of magnification of lens and various
other factors, learn by taking test images, build up experience and adjust manual settings according
to the situation.
Also note that as the distance from camera lens to subject becomes shorter, the camera lens tends
to become “darker” and less light will reach the film/image sensor. Adjust settings accordingly.
Also, be aware that natural light may increasingly contribute to the exposure based on you settings,
so taking test images and analyzing the exposures is useful.
The chart below should be used as an initial reference guide for setting manual exposure, and
supported with actual testing and experience to obtain optimum images.
ISO 100/Underwater Manual Exposure
Distance
Manual Setting Position
ft
m
Full
-2
-3
-4
1
0.3
18
9
6.3
4.5
2
0.6
13
6.3
4.5
3.2
3
0.9
9
4.5
3.2
2.2
4
1.2
6.3
3.2
2.2
G.N.=18
6
1.8
4.5
2.2
8
2.5
3.2
ISO 100 x m
in air
How to interpret the exposure calculations
For example, when the film/image sensor ISO value is 100, and the distance to subject is 0.9
meters / 3 feet (underwater visual distance), at FULL flash, -2 flash and –4 flash settings, the
aperture settings would be either f/9, f/4.5 or f/2.2 respectively.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
45
All rights reserved.
Chapter 4
D-180 Care and Maintenance
To obtain best performance from your D-180, please follow these preventative care and
maintenance guidelines.
1) Protect the D-180 from excessive impact shock and vibration. Do not
drop. Do not leave on a vibrating boat deck without some cushioning,
for example. Especially, protect the Optical Sensor. Use some towels
or padding under the arm connector (see figure at right) to prop up the
strobe so there is no pressure exerted on the Optical Sensor/Connector.
2) Do not leave strobe exposed to direct sunlight or other areas of high temperature.
3) Do NOT disassemble or attempt to self-repair. The strobe contains very high voltage
circuitry. Disassembling could lead to severe electric shock and injury. If you think the
strobe is in need of repair, always contact Inon or your Inon dealer.
4) Do not leave the strobe closed when traveling to or from high altitudes, including travel on
aircraft. Always remove the Battery Box Cap.
5) When changing batteries use extreme care to prevent any water from entering the strobe or
battery connection terminals. Where possible, avoid battery changes when the strobe is wet.
6) Limitation on number of continuous repeated strobe flashes
In order to prevent overheating and damage of D-180 flash tubes and internal circuitry, do
not repeatedly discharge the strobe more than recommended limit.
Limit the number of continuous repeated strobe discharges according to the chart below.
After reaching the limit, stop and let the strobe cool off for two minutes minimum. In
general, it is preferable to let the strobe cool off anytime after a continuous burst of flashes,
even if less than the maximum below.
D-180 Light Output
Maximum Number of Repetitive Flashes
(Main Mode Switch Position)
AUTO Position*, FULL Position
20 Flashes
M-2, M-3 or M-4 Positions
60 Flashes
*When subject is at far (distant) side of light adjustment range, or shooting conditions
cause the strobe to discharge in the FULL to –0.5 range.
7) Important points regarding battery handling and care
The D-180 uses four AA Alkaline, Nickel Cadmium (NiCad) or Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH)
batteries.
In general, as batteries are used, the battery voltage gradually decreases and it takes longer for the
strobe to recycle after firing. As the batteries discharge, when using manual flash exposure, the
flash output amount (Guide Number) may become slightly less than actually indicated. As
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
46
All rights reserved.
batteries discharge further, towards complete exhaustion, there will be a sharp reduction in voltage
possibly causing the strobe to function inconsistently.
If you observe any of the following symptoms, it may be that the strobe is not receiving sufficient
voltage necessary for correct function.
When Focus Light brightness becomes dimmer.
When it takes the Strobe Ready Red Lamp over 30 seconds to shine when using alkaline
batteries;
Or, when the Strobe Ready Lamp recycle time takes over 8 seconds for NiCad batteries.
In general, battery performance will decrease as temperature lowers, and batteries will slowly
discharge over time when not used. And, number of possible flashes can greatly vary based on
variables such as water temperature and how the batteries are used. If possible, start with a fresh
or sufficiently charged set of batteries so that you do not end up with exhausted batteries in the
middle of a dive, and loose important imaging opportunity.
Follow these precautions to avoid damage to batteries and strobe, and depending on the type of
batteries, possible buildup and explosion of flammable (hydrogen) gas.
Warning: Equipment damage or personal injury may result if these precautions are not
followed.
A. Make sure battery +/- positions are properly placed in Battery Box.
B. Do not use non-specified batteries, such as Lithium or Manganese batteries.
C. Do not mix batteries from different manufacturers, or batteries having different remaining
charges.
D. Do not mix different battery types together, such as Alkali and NiCad.
E. Do not attempt to charge non-chargeable batteries.
F. Do not intentionally short the batteries or circuits.
G. Do not store batteries in D-180 when not in use.
H. Do not use battery charging devices that are not compliant with the battery manufacturer’s
recommendations.
I. Do not repeatedly fire the D-180 to discharge/refresh rechargeable batteries, or any other
time.
Caution: Never repeatedly fire the strobe continuously, for example, to discharge or
refresh the batteries. Repeatedly firing the strobe will cause overheating and damage
internal components.
Caution: If any water ever enters the Battery Box, or if you ever feel suspicion that the
D-180 is not operating correctly:
1. Immediately stop using D-180.
2. Promptly remove batteries.
INON D-180 Manual
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Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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3. Contact Inon or your Inon dealer for advice. Service may be necessary.
4. Do not attempt to use the strobe, disassemble or self-repair.
8) Maintenance of rechargeable battery terminals and D-180 Battery Box terminals
Rechargeable batteries offer high capacity, high performance and long life but to ensure
consistent and stable function it is necessary to monitor the both the battery terminals and
the D-180 Battery Box terminals, and perform maintenance according the procedures
below. Also, anytime you suspect inconsistent charging, unstable performance or poor
battery connection, check the terminals as an initial troubleshooting measure.
1. Adjust position of Battery Box Inner Cap terminals
High performance rechargeable batteries can be heavy, and may tend to flatten the
Battery Box Inner Cap terminals. This can cause poor connection, so gently bend
the terminals back to the correct position, as in image below.
Correct
Position
Incorrect
Position
2. Clean battery terminals, Battery Box Inner Cap terminals and Battery Box
terminals
High performance rechargeable batteries have a tendency to form an oxidized layer or
build up residue on the battery terminals and Battery Box terminals. This can cause
poor connection, so clean the terminal locations as in images below.
Terminal Cleaning Locations
Cleaning Method
a) Wipe each terminal surface with a cotton swab (or similar) soaked in alcohol to remove
any oil or similar residue.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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b) If above step does not fully clean the terminal, dap a small amount of silver polish on a
cotton swab (or similar) and wipe terminal surface until fully clean. Then clean off any
silver polish residue with a clean swab.
Note: When cleaning, be careful not to let any alcohol or silver polish contact any plastic or
vinyl parts.
Caution: When handling batteries always follow the handling precautions listed on page
47.
Caution: Whenever installing batteries always turn Main Mode Switch to OFF.
Post-dive care
1) After using strobe underwater, first rinse and then soak in fresh water,
for several hours if possible, to dissolve any salt build-up. The water
temperature should be no higher than 30C (86F) degrees. Do not
immerse the strobe into hot water.
2) When soaking in fresh water, slowly manipulate the controls to work
out any salt or sand trapped in the gaps.
3) Take care to rinse especially well the Optical Sensor. If salt is allowed to buildup, it may
cause the clear resin portion to become hazy and prevent light from reaching the sensor.
However, do not scrub the sensor with anything abrasive that could scratch the sensor surface.
4) After soaking, do not leave in direct sunlight. First, thoroughly towel dry and remove the
batteries. Then place in shaded, well ventilated area. In areas of high relative humidity it
may take several days for moisture in the small gaps and recesses of the strobe to completely
dry. Never apply flame or direct heat to the strobe.
5) After completely dry, inspect the O-ring, O-ring groove and O-ring contact surfaces, and
maintain / grease-up as necessary.
Caution: If the strobe exterior needs cleaning, do not use alcohol, benzene or solvent based
cleaning solutions. Also, never use alkali cleaning agents or other chemicals as these will
degrade the plastic body. Use a mild well diluted (neutral) detergent if exterior cleaning
absolutely necessary.
Overhaul
The D-180 is designed and manufactured for use in severe conditions. Before shipping, all
strobes are pressure tested in water and fully checked for proper function. To ensure your D-180
maintains optimum performance, in addition to the pre and post dive handling recommendations,
maintenance procedures, and recommended storage conditions, it is also necessary that the strobe
receive periodic overhaul at Inon, or an Inon authorized service facility.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
49
All rights reserved.
There are two main types of overhaul:
1) Normal Overhaul
Replace any exposed O-rings
Replace any O-rings supporting moving parts
Test all controls, moving parts
Pressure test
2) Full Overhaul
Replace all O-rings
Test all controls, moving parts
Pressure test
O-ring and other degradable part life can vary considerably due to type of use, frequency of use,
maintenance method, storage conditions etc. Inon will conduct incoming product inspection of
each overhaul request and determine at its discretion whether Normal or Full Overhaul is
necessary.
Of course, Inon can conduct overhaul and any time based on specific instructions from the user,
but in general Inon recommends normal overhaul once per year, and full overhaul every three
years.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
50
All rights reserved.
Chapter 5
Reference
Optional Accessories
-0.5 Diffuser for D-180/D-180S
Dedicated for use with D-180 and D-180S strobes only. By
attaching this diffuser panel, the strobe’s beam angle widens
(from a circular 100 to 110 degrees) and the quality of light
and shadows becomes softer. The diffuser can be used in
both “External Auto” and “Manual” Modes.
-0.5 Diffuser for D-180/D-180S
Connector parts for transmitting light from digital camera internal strobe to D-180
Optical D Cable
Cap to fit on D-180 Slave Sensor on one end, bare fiber optic on
other end.
Optical D Cable/Cap W2 Set (with Clear Photo System Film)
Optical D Cable and fixtures for direct mounting on
PT-005/007/010 housings. Possible to install a second Optical
D Cable for dual strobe use.
Optical D Cable/Cap W5 Set (with Clear Photo System Film)
Optical D Cable
Optical D Cable and fixtures for direct mounting on PT-015
housing. Possible to install a second Optical D Cable for dual
strobe use.
Optical D Cable/Cap W3 Set (with Clear Photo System Film)
Optical D Cable and fixtures for mounting on:
AD Mount Base:
DC100/500, DC200/200s, DC300
M67 Mount Base:
DC100/500, DC200/200s, DC300
Possible to install a second Optical D Cable for dual strobe use.
Optical D Cable/Cap W4 Set (with Clear Photo System Film)
Optical D Cable/Cap W2 Set
Optical D Cable and fixtures for mounting on:
AD Mount Base:
PT-012, PT-009
M67 Mount Base:
PT-012, PT-009
Possible to install a second Optical D Cable for dual strobe use.
Optical D Cable/Cap W6 Set (with Clear Photo System Film)
Optical D Cable and fixtures for mounting on:
AD Mount Base:
PT-014
Optical D Cable/Cap W5 Set
M67 Mount Base
PT-014
Possible to install a second Optical D Cable for dual strobe use.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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Optical D Cable/Cap W7 Set (with Clear Photo System Film)
Optical D Cable and fixtures for mounting on PT-018.
Possible to install a second Optical D Cable for dual
strobe use.
Optical D Cable/Cap W3 Set
Optical D Cable/Cap W4 Set
Optical D Cable/Cap W6 Set
Connector parts for transmitting light between external strobes
Optical Slave Cable (S and L sizes)
Attach harness end to other external master strobe. Attach connector
end to D-180 Optical Sensor. Light from master strobe transmitted
directly to D-180 slave.
“S” (small, for strobes with diameters of approx. 6 – 10cm) for
Optical Slave Cable
master strobes: Inon Z-220/220S, D-180/D180S, Nikon SB-105,
Sea & Sea YS25, YS30, YS60, YS90, YS120, Ikelite DS-50, DS-125, SS-50.
“L” (large, for strobes with diameters of approx. 10 – 15cm) for master strobes: Inon Z-22,
Nikon SB-104, Sea & Sea YS350, YS300, Ikelite SS-100, SS-200, SS-400.
Optical D Slave Cable
Connect “Optical D Slave Cable” between a D-180 or
Z-220 strobe (Master Strobe) and an Inon Z-220 or Z-22
strobe (Slave Strobe). Light from the D-180/Z-220
Focus Light will link to and allow functioning of the
slave strobe’s Focus Light and Target Laser.
Optical D Slave Cable
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
52
All rights reserved.
Arm System
Strobe Connector Parts
Inon YS Adapter &
YS Adapter Fixing Bolt
Z Adapter
YS Adapter Fixing Bolt
Arm / Base Parts (partial listing)
D Base Base Plate with
screw
mount
for
housing’s
1/4
inch
threaded socket. Attach
one or two Grip Base III.
D Base PT-018
D Base PT-015
D Base PT-010
Grip Base Attach to D
Base or AD/M67 Mount
Adapters, use as grip and
attachment point for
strobe arms.
- Grip Base DII (for AD
or M67 Mount Base)
- Grip Base DIII (for
D Base PT-010
Grip Base DII with Rubber Grip
D Base PT-015
Grip Base DIII with Rubber Grip
PT-018/015/010/007/005)
Direct Arm Sets Permit greater flexibility of strobe
placement.
Direct Arm Z Set (with Z Adapter mount)
Direct Arm YS Set (with YS Adapter mount)
Direct Arm Z Set
INON D-180 Manual
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Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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Port Arm D
Port Arm D Spacer
(for PT-007/010)
Port Arm D Spacer
Port Arm D
Port Arm D on PT-010
AD Mount Base System
A multi-function attachment for some specific camera housing models. An
AD Mount base will accommodate Optical D Cable/Cap Sets, Strobe Arm
Systems, and Inon Attachment lenses having an INON AD Bayonet mount.
Refer to catalog to determine if an AD Mount Base is available for your
housing model.
M67 Mount Base System
A multi-function attachment for some specific camera housing models. A
M67 Mount base will accommodate Optical D Cable/Cap Sets, Strobe Arm
Systems, and Inon Attachment lenses having a standard 67mm threaded
mount. Refer to catalog to determine if a M67 Mount Base is available for
your housing model.
Spare O-ring (for D-180 Battery Box)
Inon yellow O-rings contain lubricant in the o-ring rubber. Yellow color
for best contrast, so contaminants etc. are easier to see, and so it is harder
to forget to install the O-ring.
Inon Grease
Special grease formulated to match Inon yellow O-rings. Can also be
used with conventional black O-rings.
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
54
All rights reserved.
Specifications:
Product Name: Inon D-180
Product:
D-180 Strobe body, Magnet, Magnet Screw, Magnet Screw Tightner,
Hex Wrench, Spare O-Ring, O-Ring Grease
Strobe Control: “External Auto” and Manual (4 step Manual setting)
Guide Number: 18 (full), 9 (-2), 6.3 (-3), 4.5 (-4). (Air, ISO = 100 x 1 meter)
Settable Aperture Values:
f/1.4+1/2EV – f/11(1/2EV increments)
f/1.4+1/2EV – f/11+1/4EV (1/4EV increments)
(At equivalent ISO 100 film sensitivity)
Beam Angle:
100° x 100° (air) circular beam
Color Temp:
5500K
AA Alkaline, Nicad, or Nickel Metal Hydride x 4
Recycle Time*:
AA alkaline batteries: 1.7 seconds minimum
AA Nicad batteries: 1.7 seconds minimum (1,000mAh)
AA NiMH batteries: 1.5 seconds minimum (1,600mAh)
Flash Capacity*:
AA alkaline batteries: approximately 600 flashes
AA Nicad batteries: approximately 240 flashes (1,000mAh)
AA NiMH batteries: approximately 500 flashes (1,600mAh)
*
Full strobe output at 30 second intervals with both Focus Light and Advanced
Cancel Circuit OFF, at 25C (77F) degrees.
Batteries:
For reference purposes. Based on Inon test data. Actual values may vary based
on battery manufacturer, battery type and age.
Depth Rating: 100m (330 feet)
Size:
Diameter:
Approx. 100mm
Approx. 100mm
Approx. 137mm (including protruding parts)
Weight:
Air:
540gr without batteries
U/W: Approx. 30gr (with 4 AA Nicad batteries)
Focus Light:
Linked to camera shutter (Manual ON, Auto OFF when shutter is
opened, or after approx. 8 seconds)
* Specifications subject to change without notice.
Length:
Height:
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
55
All rights reserved.
Technical Support & Service
For overhaul, maintenance and repair please contact your Inon dealer.
Warranty service is provided free of charge as specified under warranty conditions (pages 1-2
of this Manual). In principle, service is not free of charge after warranty period has expired,
and customer is required to bear shipping costs to and from Inon, or Inon’s designated repair
facility.
Please consult with Inon before returning any products for service.
Inon Dealer Contact Information:
INON America, Inc.
6445 Ithaca Lane North
Maple Grove, MN 55311 USA
Tel: (763) 763-559-1212
Fax: (763) 763-559-5236
Email: support@inonamerica.com
URL www.inonamerica.com
INON D-180 Manual
Version 1. October 4, 2003
Copyright 2002, 2003 by INON America, Inc.
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