HP xw4300 Workstation
Service and Technical Reference Guide
First edition: 05/2005
1
Copyright Information
© 2005 Copyright Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
First Edition: May 2005
Warranty
Hewlett-Packard Company shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein or for incidental or consequential
damages in connection with the furnishing, performance, or use of this material. The information in this document is provided “as is” without
warranty of any kind, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, and is subject
to change without notice. The warranties for HP products are set forth in the express limited warranty statements accompanying such products.
Nothing herein should be construed as constituting and additional warranty.
This document contains proprietary information that is protected by copyright. No part of this document may be photocopied, reproduced, or
translated to another language without the prior written consent of Hewlett-Packard Company.
Trademark Credits
The HP Invent logo is a trademark of Hewlett-Packard Company in the U.S. and other countries.
Microsoft and Windows are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the U.S. and other countries.
Red Hat is a registered trademark of Red Hat, Inc.
Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.
Intel is a registered trademark of Intel Corporation in the U.S. and other countries and are used under license.
Acrobat and Acrobat Reader are trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated.
Energy Star is U.S. registered mark of the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
2
Preface
P.1 Important Safety Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
P.2 Updating BIOS, Drivers, and Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
P.3 Finding Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
P.3.1 E-Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
P.3.2 Additional Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
P.3.3 Helpful Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
P.3.4 Using the Documentation Library and Diagnostics CD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
P.3.5 Locating Regulatory Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
P.3.6 Parts and Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
P.3.7 Subscriber’s Choice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1 Product Overview
1.1 Product Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.1.1 Exploded View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.1.2 Front Panel Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.1.3 Rear Panel Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2 Serial Number and COA Label Location. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3 Product Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4 Power Supply and Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.1 Power Output and Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.2 Power Supply Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.3 Power Consumption and Cooling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.4 System Fans and Airflow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.5 Resetting the Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.5 Environmental Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.6 ENERGY STAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.6.1 ENERGY STAR Compliance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.7 Hyper-Threading Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8 Dual-Core CPUs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.9 HP Cool Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 Installing or Restoring the Operating System
2.1 Installing the Operating System and Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.1 Microsoft Windows XP Professional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.2 Installing or Upgrading Device Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.3 Linux-Preinstalled Workstations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.4 Linux-Enabled Workstations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2 HP Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3 Restoring the Operating System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4 Protecting the Software. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.5 Ordering Backup Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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3 System Management
3.1 Computer Setup (F10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
3.1.1 BIOS ROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
3.1.2 Using Computer Setup (F10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
3.1.3 Computer Setup Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
3.2 Desktop Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
3.2.1 Initial Configuration and Deployment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
3.2.2 Remote System Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
3.2.3 Software Updating and Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Contents
3
Contents
Contents
3.2.4 ROM Flash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
3.2.5 Asset Tracking and Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
3.2.6 Fault Notification and Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
4 Removal and Replacement Procedures
4.1 Service Considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
4.1.1 Cautions, Warnings, and Safety Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
4.1.2 Electrostatic Discharge Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
4.1.3 Tools and Software Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
4.1.4 Special Handling of Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
4.2 Pre-Disassembly Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
4.3 System Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
4.3.1 System Board Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
4.3.2 System Board Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
4.4 Steps for Removal and Replacement of Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
4.5 Disassembly Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
4.6 Security Lock (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
4.7 Cable Lock (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
4.8 Universal Chassis Clamp Lock (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
4.9 Access Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
4.10 Hood Sensor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
4.11 Solenoid Hood (Smart Cover) Lock (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
4.12 Front Bezel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
4.13 Bezel Blanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
4.14 Front Panel I/O Device Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
4.15 Power Button. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
4.16 System Speaker. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
4.17 Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
4.18 System Fan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
4.19 Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
4.19.1 Memory Module Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
4.19.2 Memory Module Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
4.19.3 Required Loading Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
4.20 Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) Slots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
4.20.1 PCI Slot Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
4.20.2 PCI Card Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
4.20.3 PCI Express . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
4.20.4 PCI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
4.20.5 IEEE-1394 (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
4.21 Front Fan (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
4.22 Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
4.23 Power Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
4.24 Optical Drive (Minitower Position) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
4.25 Optical Drive (Desktop Position) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
4.26 Diskette Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
4.27 SCSI Hard Disk Drive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
4.28 SATA Hard Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
4.28.1 Installing Hard Drives in the Optical Drive Bay (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
4.29 CPU Heatsink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
4.30 Processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
4.31 System Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
5 System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
4
Help & Support Center (HSC) and E-Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LED Color Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HP Insight Diagnostics Offline Edition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.4.1 Key Features and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.4.2 Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents
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5.8
A SATA Devices
A.1 SATA Guidelines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
A.2 SATA RAID Configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
B SCSI Devices
B.1
B.2
B.3
B.4
SCSI Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using SCSISelect with SCSI Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SMART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jumpers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C Connector Pins
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C.1 Enhanced Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.2 Mouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.3 Ethernet RJ-45 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.4 Serial Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.5 USB. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.6 IEEE 1394 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.7 Microphone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.8 Headphone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.9 Line-in Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.10 Line-out Audio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.11 Ultra SCSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.12 SATA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.13 Monitor (VGA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.14 Monitor (DVI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.15 ATA/ATAPI (IDE) Standard Drive Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.16 24-Pin Power (Main) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.17 4-Pin Power (for Processors) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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D System Board Designators
E Power Cord Set Requirements
E.1 General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
E.1.1 Japanese Power Cord Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
E.1.2 Country-Specific Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Contents
5
Contents
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.4.3 Diagnostic Utility on CD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
5.4.4 Download the ISO Image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
5.4.5 User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Troubleshooting Using HP Intelligent Manageability Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Diagnostic Light Codes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Troubleshooting Scenarios and Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
5.7.1 Solving Minor Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
5.7.2 Solving Power Supply Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
5.7.3 Solving Diskette Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
5.7.4 Solving Hard Drive Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
5.7.5 Solving Display Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
5.7.6 Solving Audio Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
5.7.7 Solving Printer Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
5.7.8 Solving Keyboard and Mouse Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
5.7.9 Solving Front Panel Component Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
5.7.10 Solving Hardware Installation Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
5.7.11 Solving Network Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
5.7.12 Solving Memory Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
5.7.13 Solving Processor Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
5.7.14 Solving CD-ROM and DVD Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
5.7.15 Solving Internet Access Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Power On Self Test (POST) and Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
F Routine Care
F.1
F.2
F.3
F.4
F.5
F.6
General Cleaning Safety Precautions .
Maximizing the Airflow . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning the Workstation Case . . . . .
Cleaning the Keyboard . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning the Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning the Mouse . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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G Additional Password Security and Resetting CMOS
G.1 Resetting the Password Jumper . . . . . . . . . . .
G.2 Clearing and Resetting the CMOS . . . . . . . .
G.2.1 Using Computer Setup to Reset CMOS
G.2.2 Using the CMOS Button . . . . . . . . . . .
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H Quick Troubleshooting Flows
H.1 Initial Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
H.2 No Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
H.2.1 No Power, Part 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
H.2.2 No Power, Part 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
H.2.3 No Power, Part 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
H.3 No Video. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
H.3.1 No Video, Part 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
H.3.2 No Video, Part 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
H.3.3 No Video, Part 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
H.4 Error Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
H.4.1 Error Messages, Part 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
H.4.2 Error Messages, Part 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
H.4.3 Error Messages, Part 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
H.5 No OS Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
H.6 No OS Loading from Hard Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
H.6.1 No OS Loading from Hard Drive, Part 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
H.6.2 No OS Loading from Hard Drive, Part 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
H.6.3 No OS Loading from Hard Drive, Part 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
H.7 No OS Loading from Diskette Drive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
H.8 No OS Loading from CD-ROM Drive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
H.9 No OS Loading from Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
H.10 Non-functioning Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
6
Contents
Preface
This preface contains the following information:
Section P.1 “Important Safety Warnings”
Section P.2 “Updating BIOS, Drivers, and Software”
Section P.3 “Finding Information”
Preface
•
•
•
7
P.1
Important Safety Warnings
WARNING! Avoiding Electrical Shocks. To avoid electrical shock, do not open the power supply. There are no userserviceable parts inside.
To avoid electrical shock and harm to your eyes by laser light, do not open the DVD laser module. The laser module
should be serviced by service personnel only. Do not attempt to make any adjustment to the laser unit. Refer to the
label on the DVD for power requirements and wavelength. This product is a class I laser product.
WARNING! Grounding your Equipment. For your safety, always connect the equipment to a grounded wall outlet.
Always use a power cord with a properly grounded plug, such as the one provided with the equipment, or one in
compliance with your national safety standards. This equipment can be disconnected from the power by removing the
power cord from the power outlet. This means the equipment must be located close to an easily accessible power
outlet.
WARNING! Protecting your Ears. If your system is a multimedia model, or if you have installed a sound card in your
system, always turn the volume down before connecting the headphones or speakers. This prevents discomfort from
unexpected noise or static. Listening to loud sounds for prolonged periods of time may permanently damage your
hearing. Before putting on headphones, place them around your neck and turn the volume down. When you put on
the headphones, slowly increase the volume until you find a comfortable listening level. When you can hear
comfortably and clearly, without distortion, leave the volume in that position.
WARNING! Removing and Replacing the Cover. For your safety, never remove the system side cover without first
disconnecting the power cord from the power outlet and removing any connection to a telecommunications network. If
a Power Protection Device is fitted to your system, you must shut down your computer using its on/off switch, then
remove the power cord before removing the system’s side cover. Remove the Power Protection Device cables before any
servicing operation. Always replace the side cover before switching the system on again.
WARNING! Getting Battery Safety Information. There is a danger of explosion if the battery is incorrectly installed. For
your safety, never attempt to recharge, disassemble, or burn an old battery. Replace the battery with the same or
equivalent type, as recommended by the manufacturer.
The battery in this system is a lithium battery that does not contain any heavy metals. However, to protect the
environment, do not dispose of batteries in household waste. Return used batteries either to the shop from which you
bought them, to the dealer from whom you purchased your system, or to HP so that they can either be recycled or
disposed of in the correct way. Returned batteries will be accepted free of charge.
WARNING! Avoiding Metallic Particulates. They can be especially harmful around electronic equipment. This type of
contamination may enter the data center environment from a variety of sources, including, but not limited to, raised
floor tiles, worn air conditioning parts, heating ducts, rotor brushes in vacuum cleaners, or printer component wear.
Because metallic particulates conduct electricity, they have an increased potential for creating short circuits in
electronic equipment. This problem is exaggerated by the increasingly dense circuitry of any electronic equipment.
Over time, very fine whiskers of pure metal can form on electroplated zinc, cadmium, or tin surfaces. If these whiskers
are disturbed, they might break off and become airborne, possibly causing failures or operational interruptions. For
over 50 years, the electronics industry has been aware of the relatively rare, but possible, threat posed by metallic
particulate contamination. During recent years, a growing concern has developed in computer rooms where these
conductive contaminants are formed on the bottom of some raised floor tiles.
Although this problem is relatively rare, it might be an issue within your computer room. Since metallic contamination
can cause permanent or intermittent failures on your electronic equipment, Hewlett-Packard strongly recommends that
your site be evaluated for metallic particulate contamination before installation of electronic equipment.
WARNING! Avoiding Burn Injuries. Some parts inside the computer will be hot. Turn off and unplug the system, then
wait approximately three to five minutes for it to cool down before opening the system access panels or touching
internal components.
8
WARNING! Avoiding Electrical Problems with Phone Lines. If you have a modem:
Do not attempt to connect this product to the phone line during a lightning storm. Never install telephone jacks in wet
locations unless the telephone line has been disconnected at the network interface. Never touch uninsulated telephone
wires or terminals unless the telephone line has been disconnected at the network interface. Use caution when
installing or modifying telephone lines. Avoid using a telephone (other than a cordless type) during an lightning storm.
There may be a risk from lightning.
Do not use the telephone to report a gas leak in the vicinity of the leak.
Never touch or remove the communications board without first removing the connection to the telephone network.
CAUTION: Avoiding Static Electricity. Static electricity can damage electronic components. Turn OFF all equipment
and disconnect the power cable before installing an accessory card. Do not let your clothes touch any accessory card.
Handle the card as little as possible and with care.
NOTE: Recycling Your System. HP has a strong commitment toward the environment. Your HP system has been
designed to respect the environment as much as possible. HP can also take back your old system for recycling when it
reaches the end of its useful life. HP has a product take-back program in several countries. The collected equipment is
sent to an HP recycling facilities in Europe or the U.S.A. As many parts as possible are reused. The remainder is
recycled. Special care is taken for batteries and other potential toxic substances, these are reduced into non-harmful
components through special chemical processes. If you require more details about the HP product take-back program,
contact your local dealer or visit http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/globalcitizenship/environment/recycle/.
9
Preface
CAUTION: Getting Information on Ergonomic Issues. It is strongly recommended that you read the ergonomics
information in the Safety and Comfort Guide on the Documentation Library and Diagnostics CD before using your
system. You can access more extensive ergonomics information at
http://www.hp.com/ergo.
P.2
Updating BIOS, Drivers, and Software
HP continually strives to implement new enhancements that will increase functionality, performance, and reliability of
your HP Workstation. To ensure that your system takes advantage of the latest enhancements, HP recommends that you
install the latest BIOS, driver, and software updates on a regular basis.
To download available updates, choose one of the following options:
•
•
P.3
If you have the Help & Support Center installed on your system (most factory-installed Windows XP operating
systems do), click Start > Help & Support Center. Click the icon above HP Software & Drivers
Download and review or select available updates.
Visit the HP Support Web site:
a.
Go to http://www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport.
b.
Select your HP Workstation from the list.
c.
In the “I would like to” section, click download drivers and software.
d.
In the “select operating system” section, select your OS.
e.
Locate the BIOS, driver, or software and click download next to your desired file. Follow the on-screen
instructions to complete installation.
Finding Information
P.3.1
E-Support
For online access to technical support information and tools, go to http://www.hp.com/support. Support resources
include Web-based troubleshooting tools, technical knowledge databases, driver and patch downloads, online
communities, and proactive notification services.
The following sites are also available to you.
•
•
•
http://www.hp.com—Provides useful product information.
http://www.hp.com/support/workstation_manuals—Provides the latest online documentation.
http://www.hp.com/support—Provides a listing of the worldwide technical support phone numbers. Access this
list by visiting the site, selecting your region and clicking Contact HP in the upper-left corner.
P.3.2
Additional Documentation
Refer to the Documentation Library and Diagnostics CD for additional product information in PDF format. The CD
contains the following:
•
•
•
Setup and Troubleshooting guide (available in print and PDF on library CD)—Helps you set up hardware and
factory-provided software; also includes basic troubleshooting information should you encounter any problems
during initial startup.
Safety and Comfort Guide (PDF on library CD)—Provides safety and ergonomic information to assist you in
setting up a safe and comfortable workstation environment.
Safety & Regulatory Information guide (PDF on library CD)—Provides safety and regulatory information that
ensures compliance with U.S., Canadian, and various international regulations.
P.3.3
Helpful Links
The following links can also be accessed for additional information:
•
•
•
•
Product Bulletin—The product bulletin contains the QuickSpecs and is available at:
http://h18000.www1.hp.com/products/quickspecs/productbulletin.html
For information about the Microsoft® Windows® operating system: http://www.microsoft.com
For information about the Linux operating system: http://www.redhat.com
Additional product information is available from the HP Web site at http://www.hp.com/go/workstations.
P.3.4
Using the Documentation Library and Diagnostics CD
To access the contents of the Documentation Library and Diagnostics CD, follow the steps that are applicable to your
workstation.
Windows-Based Workstations
Insert the CD into the CD-ROM drive. The CD Autorun feature begins.
If there is no CD-ROM drive activity for two minutes or more, the Autorun feature might not be enabled on the
workstation. To run the CD:
10
1.
2.
3.
Click Start > Run.
In the text box, enter:
X:\index.htm
(where X is the drive letter designator for the CD-ROM drive)
Click OK.
Linux-Based Workstations
If the workstation is running a Linux operating system, browse the CD and click the index.htm file to launch the CD
interface. To view the documents on the CD, download and install Adobe® Acrobat® Reader for Linux from
http://www.adobe.com.
P.3.5
Locating Regulatory Information
Refer to the Safety & Regulatory Information guide on the Documentation Library and Diagnostics CD for product class
information. You can also refer to the label on the rear of the chassis.
P.3.6
Parts and Accessories
For complete and current information on supported accessories and components, visit http://partsurfer.hp.com.
Subscriber’s Choice
Subscriber’s Choice, an HP program, enables you to sign up to receive driver and software alerts, proactive change
notifications (PCNs), the HP newsletter, and more. Sign up today at http://www.hp.com/go/subscriberschoice.
11
Preface
P.3.7
12
Product Overview
This chapter presents an overview of the hardware components:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Section 1.1 “Product Features”
Section 1.2 “Serial Number and COA Label Location”
Section 1.3 “Product Specifications”
Section 1.4 “Power Supply and Cooling”
Section 1.5 “Environmental Specifications”
Section 1.6 “ENERGY STAR”
Section 1.7 “Hyper-Threading Technology”
For a detailed overview of all hardware components and spare part numbers, visit http://partsurfer.hp.com.
Product Overview
1
13
1.1
Product Features
This section contains the following information:
•
•
•
Section 1.1.1 “Exploded View”
Section 1.1.2 “Front Panel Components”
Section 1.1.3 “Rear Panel Components”
1.1.1 Exploded View
The following illustration shows a typical HP xw4300 Workstation (drive configurations can vary).
For complete information on supported accessories and components, visit http://partsurfer.hp.com.
Table 1-1 Exploded View
1
Power Supply
6
2
Hard Drive
7
3
Optical Drive*
4
5
Chassis
q
System Board
Diskette Drive
<
PCI Express Card
8
CPU Heatsink
=
PCI Card
Access Panel
9
Processor
>
Speaker
System Fan
:
Memory Module
?
Front Bezel
*An optical drive is a CD-ROM, CD-RW, CD-RW/DVD-ROM, or DVD±RW combo drive.
14
Product Overview
1.1.2 Front Panel Components
The following illustration shows a typical HP xw4300 Workstation. Drive configurations can vary.
Table 1-2 Front Panel View
1
Optical Drive Eject Button
6
Headphone Connector
;
Diskette Drive
2
Power On Light
7
Microphone Connector
<
5.25-Inch Drive Bays (x2)*
3
Power Button
8
IEEE-1394 Connector**
=
Optical Drive Activity Light
4
Hard Drive Activity Light
9
Diskette Drive Eject Button***
>
Optical Drive*
5
Universal Serial Bus 2.0 (USB) (x2)
:
Diskette Drive Activity Light***
Product Overview
*An optical drive is a CD-ROM, CD-RW, CD-RW/DVD-ROM, or DVD±RW combo drive.
**IEEE-1394 is an optional feature. If the workstation was purchased without this option, this connector will be covered.
***Diskette drive is an optional feature.
15
1.1.3 Rear Panel Components
The following illustration shows a typical HP xw4300 Workstation.
Table 1-3 Rear Panel Components
1
Power Supply Built-In Self Test (BIST) LED
9
Graphics Adapter
2
Universal Chass Clamp Opening
:
Universal Serial Bus 2.0 (USB) (x2)
3
PS/2 Mouse Connector (green)
;
Microphone Connector (pink)
4
Parallel Connector (burgundy)
<
Audio Line-Out Connector (lime)
5
Audio Line-In Connector (light blue)
=
Universal Serial Bus 2.0 (USB) (x4)
6
RJ-45 Network Connector
>
Serial Connector (teal)
7
Cable Lock Slot
?
PS/2 Keyboard Connector (purple)
8
Padlock Loop
@
Power Cord Connector
NOTE: To assist you in connecting your peripheral devices, the rear panel connectors are labeled and color-coded according to
industry standards.
16
Product Overview
1.2
Serial Number and COA Label Location
Each HP Workstation has two unique serial number labels 1 and a Certificate of Authentication (COA) label 2 (for
Windows-preinstalled systems only). In general, the serial number labels can be found on the top panel or on the side
of the unit and at the rear of the unit. Keep this number available when contacting customer service for assistance. The
COA label is generally located on the top panel or side of the unit near the serial number label.
Product Specifications
The following table lists the physical dimensions of the HP xw4300 Workstation.
Table 1-4 Physical Characteristics
Weight
16 kg/35 lb (typical configuration)
Product Overview
1.3
(dependent on configuration)
Tower Dimensions
45.0 cm (17.7 in) high
16.8 cm (6.6 in) wide
45.6 cm (17.9 in) deep
17
1.4
Power Supply and Cooling
This section contains the following information:
•
•
•
•
•
Section 1.4.1 “Power Output and Cooling”
Section 1.4.2 “Power Supply Specifications”
Section 1.4.3 “Power Consumption and Cooling”
Section 1.4.4 “System Fans and Airflow”
Section 1.4.5 “Resetting the Power Supply”
1.4.1 Power Output and Cooling
The HP xw4300 Workstation power supply contains seven outputs:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
+3.3V—used with PCI, PCI Express, Audio, CK-410, ICH7R, Super I/O, BIOS ROM, and on-board logic
+5V—used with storage (disk, optical, 3.5-inch diskette), PCI, PCI Express, ICH7R, Audio, Keyboard/Mouse,
USB, input to on-board regulators (1.2V, 1.5V, 1.8V), and on-board logic
+12V-A—used with PCI, PCI Express, and system fans
+12V-B—used with storage (disk, optical, 3.5-inch diskette, graphics dongle)
+12VCPU—input to on-board regulator that supplies power for CPU
-12V—used by PCI
5VSB—used for sleep circuitry
Table 1-5 Max Current per Rail
Voltage Rail
Maximum Continuous Current
3.3V
15.0V
5V
21.0V
12VCPU
15.0V
12V-A
10.0V
12V-B
11.0V
V12N
0.3V
5VSB
2.0V
WARNING! Do not exceed 110W of a 5V and 3.3V power combination.
WARNING! Do not exceed 31.5A (378W) of 12V (CPU/A/B) power combination.
WARNING! Do not exceed 460W of total continuous output power.
1.4.2 Power Supply Specifications
The following table lists the power supply specifications.
Table 1-6 Power Supply Specifications
18
Full Ranging Input (No Line Select Switch)
Yes
Active Power Factor Correction (APFC)
(Input Current is nearly 1/2 a non-APFC PS)
Yes
Passive Power Factor Correction (PFC)
No
Operating Voltage Range
90 to 264VAC/118VAC
Rated Voltage Range
100 to 240VAC
Rated Line Frequency
50 to 60Hz/400Hz
Operating Line Frequency Range
47 to 66Hz/393 to 407Hz
Rated Input Current
7.4A/7.4A
Maximum Rated Power
460W
Product Overview
Table 1-6 Power Supply Specifications
Heat Dissipation
Typical is 733.8btu/hr
Maximum is 2415.4btu/hr
Power Supply Fan
92mm variable speed
Power Supply Dimensions
9.76cm (3.843 in) wide
15cm (5.906 in) high
15.371cm (6.052 in) deep
ENERGY STAR Compliant
Available as an option
Built-in Self Test LED
Yes
Surge Tolerant Full Ranging Power Supply
Withstands power surges up to 2000V
1.4.3 Power Consumption and Cooling
The following table shows the power consumption for a typical configuration based on primary power consumptions:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
One processor (1 x 3.6 GHz 2M L2 Pentium 4 Processor with HT Technology)
One GB memory (2 x 512 MB)
Two hard drives (2 x SATA 40 GB)
CD-ROM drive
PCI Express Graphics Card (NVIDIA FX 1400)
One diskette
Monitor (A monitor is attached. The system does not provide power to the monitor.)
Input Power Consumption
120VAC/60Hz
Typical operating mode (system busy)
215W/733.8btu/hr
Windows XP Idle
107W/365.2btu/hr
Standby mode (S3)
~4W
Hibernate mode (S4)
~3W or less
Power Off (S5)
~3W or less
NOTE: To reach zero power consumption, either unplug the workstation from the power outlet or use a power strip with
a switch. However, removing all power to the workstation might reduce the life of the real-time clock battery.
For more information on power-saving features, refer to your operating system documentation.
1.4.4 System Fans and Airflow
The workstation includes a rear system fan, one processor heatsink fan, one power supply fan, plus an optional front
system fan.
1.4.5 Resetting the Power Supply
If an overload triggers the power supply overload protection, all power is immediately cut. To reset the power supply unit:
1.
2.
3.
Disconnect the power cord.
Determine what caused the overload and fix the problem.
Reconnect the power cord and reboot the workstation.
When you power down the workstation through the operating system, power consumption falls below the low power
consumption but does not reach zero. This on/off feature extends the life of the power supply.
19
Product Overview
Table 1-7 HP xw4300 Workstation Power Consumption and Cooling for Specified Configuration
1.5
Environmental Specifications
The following table describes the environmental specifications.
Table 1-8 Environmental Specifications
Temperature
Operating: 5 to 35°C (40 to 95°F)
Non-operating: -40 to 60°C (-40 to 140°F)
Humidity
Operating: 8 to 85%RH, non-condensing
Non-operating: 8 to 90%RH, non-condensing
Altitude
Operating: 0 to 10,000 ft (3048m)
Non-operating: 0 to 30,000 ft (9144m)
Shock
Operating ½-sine: 40g, 2-3ms
Non-operating:
½-sine: 160 cm/s, 2-3ms, (~100g)·
square: 605 cm/s, 30 G
NOTE: The values represent individual shock events and are not indicative of repetitive shock
events.
Vibration
Operating Random: 0.5g (rms), 5-300 Hz
Non-Operating:
random: 2.0 g (rms), 10-500 Hz·
NOTE: The values are not indicative of continuous vibration.
20
Product Overview
ENERGY STAR
The ENERGY STAR® program, a government-backed initiative, promotes energy efficiency by identifying ways to reduce
energy consumption. Select HP Workstations participate in the ENERGY STAR program.
NOTE: ENERGY STAR is not supported on Linux-based workstations.
For those workstations purchased with the Energy Star option and have it enabled, the power management features will
be set as follows:
•
•
•
Monitor—goes into sleep mode after 20 minutes of inactivity.
System—goes into Standby mode after 20 minutes of inactivity.
Hard Drive—goes into power savings mode after the system goes into Standby mode.
NOTE: If you have to restore the operating system, reset the ENERGY STAR settings (if applicable) after the restore.
To verify the factory default power settings for your product, select Start > Control Panel and double-click Power
Options.
1.6.1 ENERGY STAR Compliance
HP products purchased with the ENERGY STAR configuration are compliant with the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) ENERGY STAR Computers Program. The EPA ENERGY STAR configuration does not imply endorsement
by the EPA. As an ENERGY STAR Partner, HP has determined that products with the ENERGY STAR configuration meet
the ENERGY STAR guidelines for energy efficiency.
The ENERGY STAR Computers Program was created by the EPA to promote energy efficiency and reduce air pollution
through more energy-efficient equipment in homes, offices, and factories. HP products achieve this by reducing the
power consumption when not being used.
ENERGY STAR on HP Workstations uses ACPI power management. The system can wake as a result of a user action
(keyboard or mouse) or from the network or a modem.
The Power Management feature, when used in conjunction with an external ENERGY STAR-compliant monitor, will
support the power-down features of the monitor. The Power Management feature allows an external monitor to go into
low-power mode when the energy save timeout occurs.
CAUTION: Using the Energy Save Monitor feature with non-ENERGY STAR-compliant monitors might cause video
distortion when the Energy Save timeout occurs.
21
Product Overview
1.6
1.7
Hyper-Threading Technology
HT Technology is a high performance technology, developed by Intel®, that allows a single processor to execute multiple
threads of instructions simultaneously. HT Technology enables the Intel processor to utilize its execution resources more
efficiently, delivering performance increases and improving user productivity. HT Technology is comparable to creating
two “virtual” processors. It mimics a second core by giving work to under-utilized execution units. However, if there are
no under-utilized execution units to work with, HT Technology does not provide any benefit, so not all system applications
benefit from the technology.
To see if HT Technology can benefit you, test your system by turning the feature on.
NOTE: If your processor does not support HT Technology, Hyper-Threading will not be an option in the Computer
Setup (F10) menu.
To enable HT Technology:
•
The Computer Setup (F10) menu can be used to turn this feature on or off. To enter Computer Setup, during
power up, wait for the prompt F10=setup to appear on the lower right corner of the screen. After the prompt
appears, press the F10 key to enter F10 setup. At Computer Setup, select Advanced > Device Options > HyperThreading, then choose whether to enable or disable the HT Technology.
OR
•
Click the HP Cool Tools icon, select HP Protect Tools Security Manager, select BIOS Configuration,
click the Advanced tab, click Device Options and enable Hyper-Threading.
If the HP Cool Tools icon is not on your desktop, click Start > All Programs > HP Cool Tools > HP
Protect Tools Security Manager. Within HP Protect Tools Security Manager, select BIOS Configuration,
click the Advanced tab, click Device Options and enable Hyper-Threading.
NOTE: Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS 3 supports HT Technology. An SMP-capable kernel must be installed on your
system before this technology can be utilized. For information on how to do this, refer to the
HP User Manual for Linux at www.hp.com/support/linux_user_manual.
For more information about the HT Technology, visit the Intel Web site at www.intel.com.
1.8
Dual-Core CPUs
The HP xw4300 Workstation is the first entry-level workstation to offer an optional dual-core processor. Like HT
Technology, dual-core processors enable better performance over traditional processors. Dual-core processors contain
two dedicated processing engines and memory caches that provide the system with two true processors in a single
socket, rather than the two "virtual" processors provided by HT Technology. Dual-core processors can better handle the
load of multi-threaded applications (such as rendering an image in Digital Content Creation) and highly multi-tasked
environments (such as running several productivity applications while listening to music).
1.9
HP Cool Tools
HP xw4300 Workstation comes preloaded with additional software that is not automatically installed when you first
boot your system. Additionally, a number of valuable pre-installed tools on your workstation can enhance your
workstation experience. To access or learn more about these applications:
•
Open the HP Cool Tools folder by selecting Start > All Programs > HP Cool Tools.
OR
•
Click the HP Cool Tools icon on the desktop.
To learn more about these applications, click HP Cool Tools—Learn More.
To install or launch the applications, click the appropriate application.
22
Product Overview
Installing or Restoring the Operating System
This chapter describes installing and restoring the operating system.
•
•
•
•
•
Section 2.1 “Installing the Operating System and Software”
Section 2.2 “HP Software”
Section 2.3 “Restoring the Operating System”
Section 2.4 “Protecting the Software”
Section 2.5 “Ordering Backup Software”
If the workstation was shipped with a preinstalled OS, it is configured automatically the first time the workstation is turned
on.
CAUTION: Adding optional hardware devices to your workstation before the operating system successfully installs can
cause errors and prevent the operating system from installing properly.
CAUTION: After the automatic installation has begun, DO NOT TURN OFF THE WORKSTATION UNTIL THIS
PROCESS COMPLETES. Turning off the workstation during the installation process might damage the software that runs
the system.
Installing or Restoring the
Operating System
2
23
2.1
Installing the Operating System and Software
The following section discusses the operating system and HP software installation procedures.
•
•
•
•
Section 2.1.1 “Microsoft Windows XP Professional”
Section 2.1.2 “Installing or Upgrading Device Drivers”
Section 2.1.3 “Linux-Preinstalled Workstations”
Section 2.1.4 “Linux-Enabled Workstations”
2.1.1 Microsoft Windows XP Professional
The first time you turn on your workstation, you are prompted to select a language for the operating system. After
selecting the language, read and follow the instructions on the screen to complete the installation of the operating
system. This takes approximately 10 minutes, depending on the system hardware configuration. During the process, do
not turn off your workstation unless you are directed to do so.
2.1.2 Installing or Upgrading Device Drivers
To install hardware devices, such as a printer, display adapter, or network adapter after the operating system is installed,
the operating system needs access to the appropriate software drivers for the devices.
To copy the drivers to your system, perform one of the following actions:
•
•
•
•
Copy the drivers from the CD that was supplied with the peripheral device because manufacturers usually send
drivers on the CD.
Go to the Help & Support Center installed on your system (on most factory-installed Windows XP operating
systems), click Start > Help & Support. Click the icon above HP Software & Drivers Download and
review or select available updates.
Visit the HP Support Web site:
a.
Go to http://www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport.
b.
Select your HP Workstation from the list.
c.
In the “I would like to” section, click download drivers and software.
d.
In the “select operating system” section, select your OS.
e.
Locate the driver and click download next to your desired file. Follow the on-screen instructions to
complete installation.
Visit the Web site of the manufacturer of the peripheral device if no drivers can be found with the other methods.
Creating a Restore Point
You can use System Restore to undo harmful changes to your computer and restore its settings and performance. System
Restore returns your computer to an earlier time (called restore point) without causing you to lose recent work, such as
saved documents, email, or history and favorites list.
To create a restore point for Windows XP, select Start > All Programs > Accessories > System Tools > System
Restore and follow the on-screen instructions.
2.1.3 Linux-Preinstalled Workstations
If you have a Linux-preinstalled HP Workstation, follow the instructions in this section to set up your OS and software.
After the boot process completes, you can view additional HP Linux documentation by opening your Internet browser
(the browser is automatically set to use the local HP documentation page as its default). You can also access Linux Web
links for Red Hat (Internet access required) by using your Internet browser.
NOTE: For additional information on setting up Linux-preinstalled or Linux-enabled workstations, refer to the HP User
Manual for Linux, which is located at http://www.hp.com/support/linux_user_manual. For more information about HP
and Linux, visit http://www.hp.com/linux.
Starting the Linux Operating System
The first time the workstation is booted, the Red Hat First Boot utility displays. This program enables you to enter your
password, network, graphics, time, and keyboard settings for your workstation.
CAUTION: After the automatic installation has begun, DO NOT TURN OFF THE WORKSTATION UNTIL THE PROCESS
IS COMPLETE. Turning off the workstation during the installation process might damage the software that runs the
workstation or prevent its proper installation.
24
Installing or Restoring the Operating System
NOTE: When you enable the YPBind feature in the Network tab of the Linux Setup Tool, you might get a blank screen
for 15–30 seconds after you have selected, saved all of your settings, and have exited the utility. This is normal
behavior. The boot process continues its execution after the screen returns.
Restoring the Linux Operating System
NOTE: To restore the Linux OS, the HP Driver CD and Red Hat box set are required. To get any new enhancements,
download the latest HP Driver CD.
NOTE: Linux does not support mixed drive types for a manufacturing preload. When restoring the operating system,
mixed drive types can be handled with the restoring media.
Downloading the Latest HP Driver CD
1.
2.
Download the ISO image to a local hard drive from the HP support Web site at
http://www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport.
a.
Select your HP Workstation from the list.
b.
Click download drivers and software.
c.
Select the Linux OS that matches your box set.
d.
Select the latest version from the Utility Tools section.
e.
Download and unpack it (tar zxvf filename.tgz).
Copy the ISO image to CD-R bootable media. On another Linux workstation, use the cdrecord utility. Identify the
device address for the CD burner (cdrecord --scanbus).
The default is usually 2, 0, 0.
Example:
cdrecord -v -eject dev=2,0,0 CD0_golden.iso
Installing with the HP Driver CD
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Boot the workstation from the Red Hat box set Binary CD 1.
Insert the Linux operating system CDs from the Red Hat box set as prompted.
Continue following the prompts until the operating system is successfully installed.
Configure the X server to start on reboot.
Reboot the workstation.
Follow the prompts to set up your system with the Red Hat First Boot utility.
When prompted in First Boot to add additional CDs, insert the HP Driver CD into the CD-ROM tray of the
workstation.
Click Install next to “Additional CDs.”
The HP Driver CD window opens.
Click Press to begin install...
When the install is done, you will have two options, “Reboot now...” on the left side and “Press to continue,
reboot later...” on the right side. Click Reboot now...
Upgrading Device Drivers
If you must upgrade a Linux device driver, visit the HP Workstation support Web site at
http://www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport.
To install hardware devices, such as a printer, a display adapter, or a network adapter after the operating system is
installed, the operating system needs access to the appropriate software drivers for the devices. Device drivers are
usually provided on a CD supplied with the peripheral device.
Some existing peripheral devices might not have been shipped with drivers developed for Linux. To locate the most
current device drivers:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Go to http://www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport.
Select your HP Workstation from the list.
Click download drivers and software.
Select your Linux OS version.
Scroll down and download the desired driver.
If no driver is found, visit the Web site of the manufacturer of the peripheral device.
25
Installing or Restoring the
Operating System
To install with the HP Driver CD:
2.1.4 Linux-Enabled Workstations
Linux-enabled HP Workstations require the HP Installer Kit for Linux and the purchase of a Red Hat box set. The Installer
Kit includes the HP CDs necessary to complete the installation of all versions of the Red Hat box set that have been
verified to work on HP Workstation hardware.
Verifying Hardware Compatibility
To see which Linux versions have been verified to work on HP Workstation hardware:
1.
2.
3.
Go to http://www.hp.com/support/workstation_manuals.
Select your HP Workstation model.
Click the Hardware Support Matrix for Linux link.
Installing the Linux Operating System
To install the Linux operating system on your Linux-enabled system:
1.
2.
Follow the instructions for “Restoring the Linux Operating System” on page 25 in the previous section.
Follow the instructions for “Starting the Linux Operating System” on page 24 in the previous section.
NOTE: For more information on setting up Linux-preinstalled or Linux-enabled HP Workstations, refer to the HP User
Manual for Linux, which is located at http://www.hp.com/support/linux_user_manual. For more information about HP
and Linux, visit http://www.hp.com/linux.
Upgrading Device Drivers
If you must install new drivers, go to http://www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport or refer to “Upgrading Device Drivers”
on page 25 in the previous section for more instructions.
2.2
HP Software
The following HP software is installed the first time the HP Workstation is turned on:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Computer Setup (F10) Utilities and diagnostic features
HP Support Software including device drivers
HP Client Manager Software (available for download from http://www.hp.com/go/easydeploy)
System Software Manager (available for download from http://www.hp.com/go/ssm)
Power Management Setup with Energy Saver features (not supported on Linux)
Security Management tools
Software Support Management tools
Certain drivers and utilities are available only in selected languages. You can obtain the latest version of these files, in
English and selected other languages, in one of four ways:
•
•
•
•
Support Software CD
HP Web site at http://www.hp.com
Restore Plus! CD, which is supplied with Windows-based workstations
HP Workstations Red Hat Linux with HP Additions CD, which is supplied with Linux-based workstations
NOTE: Additional HP software might be required in certain situations.
2.3
Restoring the Operating System
To restore the original Windows operating system and factory-installed software, insert the Restore Plus! CD that came
with your HP Workstation. Carefully read and follow the instructions provided with the Restore Plus! CD.
NOTE: If you restore your system using the Restore Plus! CD, some settings, such as your power management settings
(such as the Energy Star® settings) will need to be reapplied.
In some scenarios, such as if the system is bootable to Windows, an alternative method is to use the System Restore
feature included with Windows XP. To restore Windows to a previous state, select Start > All Programs >
Accessories > System Tools > System Restore and follow the on-screen instructions.
For more information about restoring the Linux OS or software, see “Restoring the Linux Operating System” on page 25.
26
Installing or Restoring the Operating System
2.4
Protecting the Software
To protect software from loss or damage, keep a backup copy of all system software, applications, and related files
stored on the hard drive. See the operating system or backup utility documentation for instructions on making backup
copies of data files.
Ordering Backup Software
All software that shipped with the workstation, including the Restore Plus! CD, can be ordered from HP as a single set,
or you can order the various software packages separately.
NOTE: Before calling HP to order the software, be sure to have the serial number of the workstation available. See
“Serial Number and COA Label Location” on page 17.
Installing or Restoring the
Operating System
2.5
27
28
Installing or Restoring the Operating System
System Management
This section describes the various tools and utilities that allow for the system management of the workstation.
•
•
Section 3.1 “Computer Setup (F10)”
Section 3.2 “Desktop Management”
System Management
3
29
3.1
Computer Setup (F10)
This section contains the following information to help you use Computer Setup.
•
•
•
Section 3.1.1 “BIOS ROM”
Section 3.1.2 “Using Computer Setup (F10)”
Section 3.1.3 “Computer Setup Menu”
The Computer Setup (F10) utilities enable you to:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Change current settings from the factory default settings and set, view, change, or verify the system configuration,
including settings for processor, graphics, memory, audio, storage, communications, and input devices.
Determine if all of the devices installed on the workstation are recognized by the system and functioning properly.
Determine information about the operating environment of the workstation.
Solve system configuration errors detected but not automatically fixed during the Power-On Self-Test (POST).
Flash system ROM.
Establish and manage passwords and other security features.
Establish and manage energy-saving timeouts (not supported for Linux platforms).
Modify or restore factory default settings.
Set the system date and time.
Modify the boot order of bootable devices, such as hard drives, diskette drives, optical drives, or LS-120 drives.
Enable Quick Boot, which is faster than Full Boot but does not run all of the diagnostic tests run during a Full
Boot. You can set your system to:
•
always Quick Boot (default)
•
periodically Full Boot (from every 1 to 30 days)
•
always Full Boot
Enable or disable Network Server Mode, which enables the workstation to boot the operating system when the
power-on password is enabled with or without a keyboard or mouse attached. When attached to the system, the
keyboard and mouse remain locked until the power-on password is entered.
Select POST Messages Enabled or Disabled to change the display status of POST messages. POST Messages
Disabled suppresses most POST messages, such as memory count, product name, and other non-error text
messages. If a POST error occurs, the error is displayed regardless of the mode selected. To manually switch to
POST Messages Enabled during POST, press any key (except F1 through F12).
Establish an Ownership Tag, the text of which is displayed each time the system is turned on or restarted.
Enter the Asset Tag or property identification number assigned by your company to this workstation.
Enable power-on password prompting during system restarts (warm boots) as well as during power-on.
Secure the integrated I/O functionality, including the serial, USB, or parallel ports, audio, or embedded NIC, so
that the I/O functionality cannot be used until they are unsecured.
Enable or disable removable media boot ability.
Enable or disable removable media write ability (when supported by hardware).
Replicate your system setup by saving system configuration information on diskette and restoring it on one or
more workstations.
Execute self-tests on specified SATA hard drives (when supported by the drive).
3.1.1 BIOS ROM
The Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) of the computer is a collection of machine language programs stored as firmware
in read-only memory (ROM). The BIOS ROM includes such functions as POST, PCI device initialization, Plug 'n Play (PnP)
support, power management activities, and the Setup utility. The firmware contained in the BIOS ROM supports the
following systems and specifications:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
30
Microsoft WHQL
Alert-On-LAN (AOL) and Wake-On-LAN (WOL)
ACPI 1.0 and OnNow
SMBIOS 2.3.5
PC98/99/00 and NetPC
PXE boot ROM for the integrated LAN controller
BIOS Boot Specification 1.01
Enhanced Disk Drive Specification 3.0
“El Torito” Bootable CD-ROM Format Specification 1.0
ATAPI Removable Media Device BIOS Specification 1.0
System Management
•
MPS Specification 1.4 (for booting Linux SMP)
The BIOS ROM is a 1MB Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) part. The runtime portion of the BIOS resides in a 128-K block
from E0000h to FFFFFh.
3.1.2 Using Computer Setup (F10)
You can only open Computer Setup by turning on the workstation or restarting the system. To access the Computer Setup
Utilities menu:
1.
2.
Turn on or restart the workstation.
When the F10=Setup appears on the screen, press the F10 key to enter the utility.
NOTE: If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the workstation and press the F10 key
again to access the utility.
3.
4.
5.
Select your language from the list and press Enter.
In the Computer Setup Utilities menu, five headings are displayed: File, Storage, Security, Power, and Advanced.
Use the arrow (left and right) keys to select the appropriate heading. Use the arrow (up and down) keys to select
the option you want, then press Enter.
To apply and save changes, select File > Save Changes and Exit.
•
If you have made changes that you do not want applied, select Ignore Changes and Exit.
•
To reset to factory settings, select Apply Defaults and Exit. This option restores the original factory
system defaults.
CAUTION: Do NOT turn the workstation power OFF while the ROM is saving your Computer Setup F10 changes. If
you do, the CMOS could become corrupted. After you exit the Computer Setup screen, it is safe to turn off all power to
the workstation.
3.1.3 Computer Setup Menu
NOTE: This menu can change with new firmware releases, so it might not be consistent with what is presented in the
following table.
Table 3-1 Computer Setup Menu Descriptions
Heading
Option
Description
File
System Information
Lists product name, SKU number, processor type/speed/stepping, cache size (L1/
L2), installed memory size, integrated MAC, system BIOS, chassis serial number, and
asset tracking number.
About
Displays copyright information.
Set Time and Date
Enables you to set system time and date.
Flash System ROM
Diskette A:
Enables you to upgrade the BIOS when a ROM image is saved on a diskette.
CD-ROM
Enables you to upgrade the BIOS when a ROM image is saved on a CD.
Replicated Setup
Save to Removable Media
Saves system configuration, including CMOS, to a formatted, blank 1.44-MB diskette
in the CPQsetup.txt file. Save/Restore for is supported.
Restore to Removable Media
Restores system configuration from a diskette.
Default Setup
Save Current Settings as Default
Restore Factory Settings as Default
Restores the factory settings as the default settings for the next operation.
Apply Defaults and Exit
Restores factory default settings, which includes clearing any established passwords.
Ignore Changes and Exit
Exits Computer Setup without applying or saving any changes.
Save Changes and Exit
Saves changes to system configuration and exits Computer Setup.
31
System Management
Saves the current settings as default settings for the next operation.
Table 3-1 Computer Setup Menu Descriptions (continued)
Heading
Option
Description
Storage
Device Configuration
Lists all installed non-SCSI storage devices and provides options for getting specific
information about each device.
NOTE: SCSI storage drives will not be listed in Computer Setup (F10).
Hard Disk
Provides information about the hard disk drives in the system.
CD-ROM
Provides information about the hard disk drives in the system.
Diskette Type (for legacy diskette drives only)
Identifies the highest capacity media type accepted by the diskette drive. Options are
3.5" 1.44 MB, 5.25" 1.2 MB, and Not Installed.
Default Values
Multisector Transfers
Options are 8, 16, and Disable.
Transfer Mode
Specifies the active data transfer mode. Options (subject to device capabilities) are
Max UDMA, PIO0, Max PIO, Enhanced DMA, and Ultra DMA0
CAUTION: A new Automatic option has been added to allow for BIOS to
automatically determine the translation mode used to configure a previously formatted
SATA or USB mass storage device. This prevents you from having to know how the
mass storage device was previously formatted.
Ordinarily, the translation mode selected automatically by the BIOS should not be
changed. If the selected translation mode is not compatible with the translation mode
that was active when the disk was partitioned and formatted, the data on the disk will
be inaccessible.
Translation Mode
Options are Automatic, Bit Shift, LBA Assisted, Use (Cylinders, Heads, Sectors), and
Off.
Storage Options
Removable Media Boot
Enables/disables ability to boot the system from removable media.
Legacy Diskette Write
Enables/disables ability to write data to removable media.
BIOS DMA Transfers
Enable/disables the BIOS use of DMA for transfers.
SATA Emulation
Options are Separate IDE Controller, Combined IDE Controller, RAID, and AHCI
IDE Controller
Enables/disables primary IDE controller.
Primary SATA Controller
Enables/disables SATA controller #0.
Secondary SATA Controller
Enables/disables SATA controller #1.
DPS Self-test
Enables you to select a drive test.
Boot Order
TIP: Shortcut to Temporarily Override Boot Order: To boot one time from
a device other than the default device specified in Boot Order, restart the workstation
and press F9 when the F10=Setup message appears on the screen. After POST is
completed, a list of bootable devices is displayed. Use the arrow keys to select the
preferred bootable device and press Enter. The workstation then boots from the
selected non-default device for this one time.
NOTE: MS-DOS drive lettering assignments might not apply after a non-MS-DOS
operating system has started.
Allows you to prioritize the devices boot order. Press Enter to drag a device to a
preferred place. Press F5 to remove the device from consideration as a bootable
device.
Controller Order
32
System Management
Allows you to specify the order of the attached hard drive controller. The first hard
drive controller in the order will have priority in the boot sequence and will be
recognized as drive C (if any devices are attached).
Table 3-1 Computer Setup Menu Descriptions (continued)
Heading
Option
Security
Setup Password
Description
Allows you to set and enable setup (administrator) password.
NOTE: If the setup password is set, it is required to change Computer Setup options,
flash the ROM, and make changes to certain PnP settings under Windows.
Power-On Password
Allows you to set and enable power-on password.
Smart Cover
Allows you to disable cover removal sensor or to notify user if sensor has been
activated.
Device Security
Serial Port
Specifies if device is available or hidden to the OS.
Parallel Port
Specifies if device is available or hidden to the OS.
All USB Ports
Specifies if device is available or hidden to the OS.
Front USB Ports
Specifies if device is available or hidden to the OS.
System Audio
Specifies if device is available or hidden to the OS.
Network Controller
Specifies if device is available or hidden to the OS.
Embedded Security Device
Specifies if device is available or hidden to the OS.
Network Service Boot
Enables/disables the ability to boot to the network by way of the F12 key or the boot
order.
System IDs
Allows you to set:
• Asset tag (16-byte identifier) and ownership tag (80-byte identifier displayed
during POST).
• Universal Unique Identifier (UUID) number, which can only be updated if the
current chassis serial number is invalid. (These ID numbers are normally set in the
factory and are used to uniquely identify the system.)
• Keyboard locale setting (for example, English or German) for System ID entry.
Enables/disables a mode that helps prevent OS security breaches.
System Management
Data Execution Prevention
33
Table 3-1 Computer Setup Menu Descriptions (continued)
34
Heading
Option
Description
Power
OS Power Management
Enables/disables ACPI S3 Support, ACPI S3 Hard Disk Reset, ACPI S3 P52 Mouse
Wakeup, USB Wake on Device Insertion
Hardware Power
Management
Enables/disables SATA Power Management
Thermal
Allows you set the rate of the system fan when CPU is in idle.
System Management
Table 3-1 Computer Setup Menu Descriptions (continued)
Heading
Option
Advanced**
Power-On Options
Description
Allows you to set:
• POST Mode (QuickBoot, FullBoot, or FullBoot every 1–30 days).
• POST Messages (enable/disable).
• F9 Prompt (enable/disable). Enabling this feature will display the text F9=Boot
Menu during POST. Disabling this feature prevents the text from being displayed.
However, pressing the F9 key will still access the Shortcut Boot [Order] Menu
screen.
• F10 Prompt (enable/disable). Enabling this feature displays the text F10=Setup
during POST. Disabling this feature prevents the text from being displayed but
pressing F10 still accesses the Setup screen.
• F12 Prompt (enable/disable). Enabling this feature displays the text
F12=Network Service Boot during POST. Disabling this feature prevents the
text from being displayed but pressing F12 still forces the system to attempt
booting from the network.
• Option ROM* prompt (enable/disable). Enabling this feature causes the system
to display a message before loading options ROMs.
• Remote Wakeup Boot Source
• After Power Loss (on/off)
• POST Delay (in seconds) (enable/disable). Enabling this feature adds a userspecified delay to the POST process. This delay is sometimes needed for hard
disks on some PCI cards that spin up slowly—so slowly that they are not ready to
boot by the time POST is finished. The POST delay also gives you more time to
select F10 to enter Computer Setup (F10).
• I/O APIC Mode (enable/disable)
• Limit (PUID Maximum Value to 3) (enable/disable)
• Setup Browse Mode (enable/disable)
• ACPI/USB Buffers @ Top of Memory (enable/disable)
Execute Memory Test
The system will reboot and any changes that have been made will be lost. The system
might boot with memory in a sub-optimal configuration.
BIOS Power-On
Onboard Devices
Enables you to set resources for or disable onboard system devices (serial ports, USB
ports, diskette controllers, and so on).
PCI Devices
Enables you to set resources for the following devices:
Intel HD Audio Device (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
Intel USB Controller (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
Intel USB Controller (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
Intel USB Controller (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
Intel USB Controller (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
Intel USB Controller (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
Intel IDE Controller (enable/disable)
Intel SATA Controller (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
VGA Controller (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
Broadcom Ethernet Controller (IRQ 5, 10, 11, or disable)
Bus Options
The options are:
PCI SERR# Generation (enable/disable)
PCI VGA Palette Snooping (enable/disable)
ECC Support (enable/disable)
Memory Remapping (enable/disable)
Device Options
Printer Mode (EPP + ECP, Output-Only, Bi-Directional)
Num Lock State at Power-On (off/on)
System Management
S5 Wake-on-LAN (enable/disable)
Processor Cache (enable/disable)
Unique Sleep State Blink Rates (enable/disable)
Monitor Tracking (enable/disable)
NIC PxE Option ROM Download (enable/disable)
Slot 1 (PCI Express x 16)
Configures the option ROM.
Slot 2 (PCI)
Configures the option ROM and latency timer.
35
Table 3-1 Computer Setup Menu Descriptions (continued)
Heading
Option
Description
Slot 3 (PCI Express x 8’ (x4)) Configures the option ROM.
Slot 4 (PCI Express x1)
Configures the option ROM.
Slot 5 PCI
Configures the option ROM and latency timer.
Slot 6 PCI
Configures the option ROM and latency timer.
*Available on select models.
**These options should be used by advanced users only.
36
System Management
Desktop Management
HP Client Management Solutions (available for download from http://www.hp.com/go/easydeploy) provides
standards-based solutions for managing and controlling workstations in a networked environment. This section
summarizes the capabilities and features of the key components of desktop management:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Section 3.2.1 “Initial Configuration and Deployment”
Section 3.2.2 “Remote System Installation”
Section 3.2.3 “Software Updating and Management”
Section 3.2.4 “ROM Flash”
Section 3.2.5 “Asset Tracking and Security”
Section 3.2.6 “Fault Notification and Recovery”
NOTE: Support for specific features described in this section might vary by model or software version.
3.2.1 Initial Configuration and Deployment
The workstation comes with a preinstalled system software image. After a brief software “unbundling” process, the
workstation is ready to use.
You might prefer to replace the preinstalled software image with a customized set of system and application software.
There are several methods for deploying a customized software image. They include:
•
•
•
Installing additional software applications after unbundling the preinstalled software image.
Using software deployment tools, such as Altiris Deployment Solutions™, to replace the preinstalled software with
a customized software image.
Using a disk-cloning process to copy the contents from one hard drive to another.
The best deployment method depends on your information technology environment and processes. The PC Deployment
section of the HP Lifecycle Solutions Web site (http://whp-sp-orig.extweb.hp.com/country/us/en/solutions.html)
provides information to help you select the best deployment method.
The Restore Plus! CD-ROM-based setup and ACPI hardware provide further assistance with recovery of system software,
configuration management and troubleshooting, and power management.
3.2.2 Remote System Installation
Remote System Installation lets you start and set up your system using the software and configuration information located
on a network server. This feature is usually used as a system setup and configuration tool, and can be used for the
following tasks:
•
•
•
•
Deploying a software image on one or more new PCs
Formatting a hard drive
Installing application software or drivers
Updating the operating system, application software, or drivers
To initiate Remote System Installation, press F12 when the F12=Network Service Boot message appears in the
lower-right corner of the HP logo screen. Follow the on-screen instructions to continue the process. The default boot order
is a BIOS configuration setting that can be changed to always attempt to PXE boot.
HP and Altiris have partnered to provide tools designed to make the task of corporate PC deployment and management
easier and less time-consuming, ultimately lowering the total cost of ownership and making HP PCs the most
manageable client PCs in the enterprise environment.
3.2.3
Software Updating and Management
HP provides several tools for managing and updating software on desktops and workstations—HP Client Manager
Software, Altiris Client Management Solutions, System Software Manager, Proactive Change Notification, and
Subscriber’s Choice.
HP Client Manager Software
System Management
3.2
HP Client Manager Software (HP CMS) assists HP customers in managing the hardware aspects of their client
workstations with features that include:
•
•
•
Detailed views of hardware inventory for asset management
PC health check monitoring and diagnostics
Proactive notification of changes in the hardware environment
37
•
•
•
•
Web-accessible reporting of business critical details, such as machines with thermal warnings, memory alerts,
and more
Remote updating of system software such as device drivers and ROM BIOS
Remote changing of boot order
Configuring the system BIOS settings
For more information on the HP Client Manager, visit http://www.hp.com/go/im.
Altiris Client Management Solutions
HP and Altiris have partnered to provide comprehensive, tightly integrated systems management solutions to reduce the
cost of owning HP client PCs. HP Client Manager Software is the foundation for additional Altiris Client Management
Solutions that address:
•
•
•
•
Inventory and Asset Management
•
SW license compliance
•
PC tracking and reporting
•
Lease contract, fixing asset tracking
Deployment and Migration
•
Microsoft Windows XP Professional or Home Edition migration
•
System deployment
•
Personality migrations
Help Desk and Problem Resolution
•
Managing help desk tickets
•
Remote troubleshooting
•
Remote problem resolution
•
Client disaster recovery
Software and Operations Management
•
Ongoing desktop management
•
HP system SW deployment
•
Application self-healing
For more information and details on how to download a fully-functional 30-day evaluation version of the Altiris solutions,
visit http://h18000.www1.hp.com/im/prodinfo.html#deploy.
For more information, visit http://www.hp.com/go/easydisplay.
System Software Manager
System Software Manager (SSM) is a utility that lets you update system-level software on multiple systems simultaneously.
When executed on a PC client system, SSM detects both hardware and software versions, then updates the appropriate
software from a central repository, also known as a file store. Driver versions that are supported by SSM are denoted
with a special icon on the software, the driver download Web site, and on the Support Software CD. To download the
utility or to obtain more information on SSM, visit http://www.hp.com/go/ssm.
Proactive Change Notification
The Proactive Change Notification program uses the Subscriber's Choice Web site to proactively and automatically:
•
•
Send you Proactive Change Notification (PCN) e-mails informing you of hardware and software changes to most
commercial workstations and servers, up to 60 days in advance.
Send you e-mail containing Customer Bulletins, Customer Advisories, Customer Notes, Security Bulletins, and
Driver alerts for most commercial workstations and servers.
You create your own profile to ensure that you only receive the information relevant to a specific IT environment. To learn
more about the Proactive Change Notification program and create a custom profile, visit
http://www.hp.com/go/pcn.
Subscriber’s Choice
Subscriber’s Choice is a client-based service from HP. Based on your profile, HP will supply you with personalized
product tips, feature articles, driver and support alerts/notifications, or both. Subscriber’s Choice Driver and Support
Alerts/Notifications will deliver e-mails notifying you that the information you subscribed to in your profile is available
for review and retrieval. To learn more about Subscriber’s Choice and create a custom profile, visit
http://www.hp.com/go/pcn.
38
System Management
3.2.4 ROM Flash
The workstation comes with a programmable read-only memory (ROM), also known as flash memory. By establishing
a setup password in the Computer Setup (F10) Utility, you can protect the ROM from being unintentionally updated or
overwritten. This is important to ensure the operating integrity of the workstation. If you need or want to upgrade the
ROM, you can:
•
•
Order an upgraded ROMPaq diskette from HP.
Download the latest ROMPaq images from HP driver and support page: http://www.hp.com/support/files.
CAUTION: For maximum ROM protection, be sure to establish a setup password. The setup password prevents
unauthorized ROM upgrades. System Software Manager allows the system administrator to set the setup password on
one or more PCs simultaneously. For more information, visit http://www.hp.com/go/ssm.
CAUTION: The boot block jumper MUST NOT be installed during a ROM flash operation unless specified by HP.
Normally, the boot block jumper is completely removed or installed only on pin 2. Installing the boot block jumper
enables changing the boot block and defeats the FailSafe Boot Block ROM protection.
Remote ROM Flash
Remote ROM Flash allows the system administrator to safely upgrade the ROM on remote HP workstations directly from
the centralized network management console. Enabling the system administrator to perform this task remotely on
multiple workstations and personal computers results in a consistent deployment of and greater control over HP PC ROM
images over the network. It also results in greater productivity and lower total cost of ownership.
The workstation must be powered on to take advantage of Remote ROM Flash.
For more information on Remote ROM Flash, see the HP Client Manager Software or System Software Manager at
http://h18000.www1.hp.com/im/prodinfo.html.
HPQFlash
The HPQFlash utility is used to locally update or restore the system ROM on individual PCs through a Windows operating
system.
For more information on HPQFlash, visit http://www.hp.com/support/files and enter the name of the workstation when
prompted.
FailSafe Boot Block ROM
The FailSafe Boot Block ROM allows for system recovery in the unlikely event of a ROM flash failure; for example, if a
power failure were to occur during a ROM upgrade. The Boot Block is a flash-protected section of the ROM that checks
for a valid system ROM flash when power to the system is turned on.
•
•
If the system ROM is valid, the system starts normally.
If the system ROM fails the validation check, the FailSafe Boot Block ROM provides enough support to start the
system from a ROMPaq diskette, which will program the system ROM with a valid image.
NOTE: Some models also support recovery from a ROMPaq CD. ISO ROMPaq images are included with selected
models in the downloadable ROM softpaqs.
When the boot block detects an invalid system ROM, the system beeps and the power LED blinks RED eight times. A
Boot Block recovery mode message is displayed on the screen (some models).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If there is a diskette in the diskette drive or a CD in the CD drive, remove the diskette and CD and turn off the
power.
Insert a ROMPaq diskette into the diskette drive or, if permitted on this workstation, a ROMPaq CD into the CD
drive.
Turn on the workstation.
If no ROMPaq diskette or ROMPaq CD is found, you will be prompted to insert one and restart the workstation.
If a setup password has been established, the Caps Lock light will turn on (on PS/2 keyboard only) and you will
be prompted to enter the password.
Enter the setup password.
If the system successfully starts from the diskette and successfully reprograms the ROM, then the three keyboard
lights will turn on. A rising tone series of beeps also signals successful completion.
Remove the diskette or CD and turn the power off.
39
System Management
To recover the system after it enters Boot Block recovery mode:
6.
Turn the power on again to restart the workstation.
The following table lists the various keyboard light combinations used by the Boot Block ROM (when a PS/2 keyboard
is attached to the workstation), and explains the meaning and action associated with each combination.
Table 3-2 Keyboard Light Combinations Used by Boot Block ROM
FailSafe Boot
Block Mode
Keyboard LED Activity
State/Message
Num Lock
On
ROMPaq diskette or ROMPaq CD not present, is bad, or drive not ready.
Caps Lock
On
Enter password.
Num, Caps, Scroll Blink On in sequence, one Keyboard locked in network mode.
Lock
at a time–N,C, SL
Num, Caps, Scroll On
Lock
Boot Block ROM Flash successful. Turn power off, then on to reboot.
NOTE: Diagnostic lights do not flash on USB keyboards
Replicating the Setup
The following procedures give an administrator the ability to easily copy one setup configuration to other workstations
of the same model. This allows for faster, more consistent configuration of multiple workstations.
NOTE: Both procedures require a diskette drive.
NOTE: To collect and replicate BIOS settings on multiple computers, use System Software Manager or HP Client
Manager Software. For more information, visit http://www.hp.com/go/easydeploy.
Copying to a Single Workstation
CAUTION: A setup configuration is model-specific. File system corruption might result if source and target workstations
are not the same model. For example, do not copy the setup configuration from an HP xw4200 Workstation to an HP
xw4300 Workstation.
1.
2.
3.
Select a setup configuration to copy. Turn off the workstation.
Turn on the workstation.
When the F10=Setup appears on the screen, press the F10 key to enter the utility.
NOTE: If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the workstation and try again.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
If you are using a diskette, insert it now.
Click File > Save to Diskette. Follow the instructions on the screen to create the configuration diskette.
Turn off the workstation to be configured and insert the configuration diskette.
Turn on the workstation to be configured.
When the F10=Setup appears on the screen, press the F10 key to enter the utility.
NOTE: If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the workstation and try again.
9.
10.
Click File > Restore from Diskette and follow the on-screen instructions.
Restart the workstation when the configuration is complete.
Copying to Multiple Workstations
CAUTION: A setup configuration is model-specific. File system corruption might result if source and target workstations
are not the same model. For example, do not copy the setup configuration from a HP Workstation xw4200 to HP
xw4300 Workstation.
This method takes a little longer to prepare the configuration diskette, but copying the configuration to target
workstations is significantly faster.
NOTE: A bootable diskette is required for this procedure. If Windows XP is not available to create a bootable diskette,
use the method for copying to a single workstation instead (see “Copying to a Single Workstation” on page 40).
40
System Management
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Create a bootable diskette.
Select a setup configuration to copy.
Download a BIOS utility for replicating setup (repset.exe) and copy it onto the configuration diskette. To obtain
this utility, go to http://welcome.hp.com/support/files and enter the model number of the workstation.
On the configuration diskette, create an autoexec.bat file containing the following command: repset.exe.
Restart the workstation.
When the F10=Setup appears on the screen, press the F10 key to enter the utility.
NOTE: If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the workstation and try again.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Insert the diskette now.
Click File > Replicated Setup > Save to Diskette. Follow the on-screen instructions to create the
configuration diskette.
Turn off the workstation to be configured. Insert the configuration diskette and turn the workstation on. The
configuration utility will run automatically.
Restart the workstation when the configuration is complete.
Dual-State Power Button
With Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) enabled, the power button can function either as an on/off
switch or as a Standby button. The Standby feature does not completely turn off power, but instead causes the
workstation to enter a low-power standby state. This allows you to power down quickly without closing applications and
to return quickly to the same operational state without any data loss.
To change the power button configuration:
1.
2.
3.
Click Start > Control Panel > Power Options.
In the Power Options Properties, select the Advanced tab.
In the Power Button section, select Standby.
After configuring the power button to function as a Standby button, press the power button to put the system in a very
low power state (Standby). Press the button again to quickly bring the system out of Standby to full power status. To
completely turn off all power to the system, press and hold the power button for four seconds.
CAUTION: Do not use the power button to turn off the workstation unless the system is not responding; turning off the
power without operating system interaction could cause damage to or loss of data on the hard drive.
World Wide Web Site
HP engineers rigorously test and debug software developed by HP and third-party suppliers, and develop operating
system specific support software, to ensure performance, compatibility, and reliability for HP workstations.
When making the transition to new or revised operating systems, it is important to implement the support software
designed for that operating system. If you plan to run a version of Microsoft Windows that is different from the version
included with the workstation, you must install corresponding device drivers and utilities to ensure that all features are
supported and functioning properly.
HP has made the task of locating, accessing, evaluating, and installing the latest support software easier. You can
download the software from http://www.hp.com/support.
The Web site contains the latest device drivers, utilities, and flashable ROM images needed to run the latest Microsoft
Windows operating system on the HP workstation.
Building Blocks and Partners
HP management solutions integrate with other systems management applications, and are based on industry standards,
such as:
Web-Based Enterprise Management (WBEM)
Windows Management Interface (WMI)
Wake on LAN Technology
ACPI
SMBIOS
Pre-boot Execution (PXE) support
System Management
•
•
•
•
•
•
41
3.2.5
Asset Tracking and Security
Asset tracking features incorporated into the workstation provide key asset tracking data that can be managed using
HP Systems Insight Manager, HP Client Manager Software, or other system management applications. Seamless,
automatic integration between asset tracking features and these products enables you to choose the management tool
that is best suited to the environment and to leverage the investment in existing tools.
HP also offers several solutions for controlling access to valuable components and information. ProtectTools Embedded
Security, if installed, prevents unauthorized access to data and checks system integrity and authenticates third-party users
attempting system access. Security features, such as ProtectTools and the Hood Sensor (Smart Cover Sensor) help to
prevent unauthorized access to the internal components of the workstation. By disabling parallel, serial, or USB ports,
or by disabling removable media boot capability, you can protect valuable data assets. Memory Change and Hood
Sensor (Smart Cover Sensor) alerts can be automatically forwarded to system management applications to deliver
proactive notification of tampering with a workstation’s internal components.
NOTE: ProtectTools, the Hood Sensor (Smart Cover Sensor), and the Hood Lock (Smart Cover Lock) are available as
options on select systems.
Use the following utilities to manage security settings on the HP Workstation:
•
•
Locally, using the Computer Setup Utilities.
Remotely, using HP Client Manager Software or System Software Manager. This software enables the secure,
consistent deployment and control of security settings from a simple command-line utility.
The following table and sections refer to managing security features of the workstation locally through the Computer
Setup (F10) Utilities.
Table 3-3 Security Features Overview
Feature
Purpose
How It Is Established
Removable Media Boot Control
Prevents booting from the removable media
drives.
From the Setup Utilities menu.
Serial, USB, 1394, network, or
SCSI Interface Control
Prevents transfer of data through the integrated From the Setup Utilities menu.
serial, USB, or infrared interface.
Power-On Password
Prevents use of the workstation until the
password is entered. This can apply to both
initial system startup and restarts.
Setup Password
Prevents reconfiguration of the workstation (use From the Setup Utilities menu.
of the Setup Utilities) until the password is
entered.
Network Server Mode
Provides unique security features for
workstations being used as servers.
From the Setup Utilities menu.
From the Setup Utilities menu.
For more information about Computer Setup, refer to “Computer Setup Menu” on page 31.
Password Security
The power-on password prevents unauthorized use of the workstation by requiring entry of a password to access
applications or data each time the workstation is turned on or restarted. The setup password specifically prevents
unauthorized access to Computer Setup, and can also be used as an override to the power-on password. That is, when
prompted for the power-on password, entering the setup password instead will allow access to the workstation.
A network-wide setup password can be established to enable the system administrator to log in to all network systems
to perform maintenance without having to know the power-on password.
NOTE: System Software Manager and HP Client Manager Software allow remote management of Setup Passwords
and other BIOS settings in a networked environment. For more information, visit
http://www.hp.com/go/easydeploy.
Establishing a Setup Password Using Computer Setup
Establishing a setup password through Computer Setup prevents reconfiguration of the workstation (use of the Computer
Setup (F10) utility) until the password is entered.
To establish a setup password using computer setup:
1.
2.
42
Turn on or restart the workstation.
As soon as the computer is turned on, press and hold the F10 until you enter Computer Setup. Press Enter to
bypass the title screen, if necessary.
System Management
NOTE: If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the workstation and press and hold the
F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, you might see a Keyboard Error message—disregard it.
3.
4.
Select Security > Setup Password and follow the on-screen instructions.
Before exiting, select File > Save Changes and Exit.
Establishing a Power-On Password Using Computer Setup
Establishing a power-on password through Computer Setup prevents access to the workstation when power is turned on,
unless the password is entered. When a power-on password is set, Computer Setup presents Password Options under
the Security menu. The password options include Network Server Mode and Password Prompt on Warm Boot.
When Network Server Mode is disabled, the password must be entered each time the workstation is turned on when
the key icon appears on the monitor. When Password Prompt on Warm Boot is enabled, the password must also be
entered each time the workstation is rebooted. When Network Server Mode is enabled, the password prompt is not
presented during POST, but any attached PS/2 keyboard will remain locked until the user enters the power-on computer.
To establish a power-on password through Computer Setup:
1.
2.
Turn on or restart the workstation.
As soon as the computer is turned on, press and hold the F10 until you enter Computer Setup. Press Enter to
bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE: If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the workstation and press and hold the
F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, you might see a Keyboard Error message—disregard it.
3.
4.
Select Security > Power-On Password and follow the on-screen instructions.
Before exiting, select File > Save Changes and Exit.
Entering a Power-On Password
To enter a power-on password:
1.
2.
Turn on or restart the workstation.
When the key icon appears on the monitor, enter the current password, then press Enter.
NOTE: Type carefully. For security reasons, the characters you enter do not appear on the screen.
If you enter the password incorrectly, a broken key icon appears. Try again. After three unsuccessful tries, you must turn
off the workstation, then turn it on again before you can continue.
Entering a Setup Password
If a setup password has been established on the workstation, you will be prompted to enter it each time you run
Computer Setup.
To enter a setup password:
1.
2.
Turn on or restart the workstation.
When the F10=Setup appears on the screen, press the F10 key to enter the utility.
NOTE: If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the workstation and try again.
3.
When the key icon appears on the monitor, enter the setup password, then press Enter.
If you enter the password incorrectly, a broken key icon appears. Try again. After three unsuccessful tries, you must turn
off the workstation, then turn it on again before you can continue.
Changing a Power-On or Setup Password
To change a power-on or setup password:
1.
2.
Turn on or restart the workstation. To change the setup password, run Computer Setup.
To change the Power-On password, go to step 3.
43
System Management
NOTE: Type carefully. For security reasons, the characters you enter do not appear on the screen.
To change the Setup password, when the F10=Setup appears on the screen, press the F10 key to enter the
utility.
NOTE: If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the workstation and try again.
3.
When the key icon appears, type the current password, a slash (/) or alternate delimiter character, your new
password, another slash (/) or alternate delimiter character, and your new password again as shown:
current password/new password/new password
NOTE: Type carefully. For security reasons, the characters you enter do not appear on the screen.
4.
Press Enter.
The new password takes effect the next time you turn on the workstation.
NOTE: See the “National Keyboard Delimiter Characters” on page 44 for information about the alternate delimiter
characters. The power-on password and setup password can also be changed using the Security options in Computer
Setup.
Deleting a Power-On or Setup Password
To delete a power-on or setup password:
1.
2.
Turn on or restart the workstation.
To delete the Power-On password, go to Step 3.
To delete the Setup Password, when the F10=Setup appears on the screen, press the F10 key to enter the utility.
NOTE: If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the workstation and try again.
When the key icon appears, enter your current password followed by a slash (/) or alternate delimiter character
as shown:
3.
current password/
Press Enter.
NOTE: See the “National Keyboard Delimiter Characters” on page 44 section for information about the alternate
delimiter characters. The power-on password and setup password can also be changed using the Security options in
Computer Setup.
National Keyboard Delimiter Characters
Each keyboard is designed to meet country-specific requirements. The syntax and keys that you use for changing or
deleting your password depend on the keyboard that came with your workstation.
Table 3-4 National Keyboard Delimiter Characters
Arabic
/
Greek
-
Russian
/
Belgian
=
Hebrew
.
Slovakian
-
BHCSY*
-
Hungarian
-
Spanish
-
Brazilian
/
Italian
-
Swedish/Finnish
/
Chinese
/
Japanese
/
Swiss
-
Czech
-
Korean
/
Taiwanese
/
Danish
-
Latin
American
-
Thai
/
French
!
Norwegian
-
Turkish
.
French
Canadian
é
Polish
-
U.K. English
/
German
-
Portuguese
-
U.S. English
/
*For Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia, and Yugoslavia
44
System Management
Clearing Passwords
If you forget your password, you cannot access the workstation. Refer to “Additional Password Security and Resetting
CMOS” on page 147 for instructions on clearing passwords.
Hood Sensor (Smart Cover Sensor)
The hood sensor is a combination of hardware and software technology that can alert you when the workstation side
access panel has been removed. This feature is sold with the Solenoid Hood (Smart Cover) Lock. There are three levels
of protection, as described in the following table.
Table 3-5 Hood Sensor Protection Levels
Level
Setting
Description
Level 0
Disable
Hood sensor is disabled (default).
Level 1
Notify User
When the workstation is restarted, the screen displays a message
indicating that the workstation side access panel has been
removed.
Level 2
Password
When the workstation is restarted, the screen displays a message
indicating that the workstation access panel has been removed.
You must enter the setup password to continue.
This option is only available if an administrator password is set.
NOTE: These settings can be changed using Computer Setup.
Setting the hood sensor protection level
To set the hood sensor protection level:
1.
2.
Turn on or restart the workstation.
When the F10=Setup appears on the screen, press the F10 key to enter the utility.
NOTE: If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the workstation and try again.
3.
4.
Select Security > Smart Cover > Cover Removal Sensor, then side access panel, and follow the onscreen instructions.
Before exiting, click File > Save Changes and Exit.
Solenoid Hood (Smart Cover) Lock
The solenoid hood lock is available as an option on HP Workstation xw4300 models (this option comes as a kit that
includes the hood sensor). When installed, the solenoid hood lock can prevent unauthorized access to the internal
components. This kit is sold with the Hood Sensor.
CAUTION: For maximum cover lock security, be sure to establish a setup password. The setup password prevents
unauthorized access to the Computer Setup utility.
Locking the Solenoid Hood Lock
To activate and lock the solenoid hood lock:
1.
2.
Turn on or restart the workstation.
Wait for the F10=Setup prompt to appear on the lower right corner of the screen. Once you see the prompt,
press the F10 key to enter the F10 setup utility.
NOTE: If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the workstation and try again to
access the utility.
3.
4.
Select Security > Smart Cover > Cover Lock > Lock option.
Before exiting, select File > Save Changes and Exit.
System Management
Unlocking the Solenoid Hood Lock
To unlock the solenoid hood lock:
1.
2.
Turn on or restart the workstation.
Wait for the F10=Setup prompt to appear on the lower right corner of the screen. Once you see the prompt,
press the F10 key to enter the F10 setup utility.
45
NOTE: If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the workstation and try again to
access the utility.
3.
4.
Select Security > Smart Cover > Cover Lock > Unlock.
Before exiting, select File > Save Changes and Exit.
Using the Access Panel Failsafe Key
If you enable the solenoid hood lock and cannot enter your password to disable the lock, you will need an access panel
FailSafe Key to open the workstation access panel. You will need the key in any of the following circumstances:
•
•
•
•
Power outage
Startup failure
PC component failure (such as processor or power supply)
Forgotten password
CAUTION: The access panel FailSafe Key (T-15 wrench) is a specialized tool available from HP. It is beneficial to order
this key before you need one.
To obtain the FailSafe Key, complete any one of the following tasks:
•
•
•
Contact your authorized HP reseller or service provider.
Visit the HP Web site (http://www.hp.com) for ordering information.
Visit the Contact HP Worldwide Web site (http://welcome.hp.com/country/us/en/wwcontact.html) for contact
information.
Cable Lock Slot
The rear panel of the chassis can accommodate a cable lock accessory that allows the workstation to be physically
secured to a work area and prevents access panel from being removed.
Padlock Loop (Optional)
Prevents access panel from being removed. This loop can also be used to secure the unit to a fixed object.
Universal Chassis Clamp Lock (Optional)
The version without a cable discourages access panel removal and prevents theft of I/O devices. The version with a
cable also prevents entire system theft and allows multiple systems to be secured with a single cable.
Master Boot Record Security
The MBR contains information needed to successfully boot from a disk and to access the data stored on the disk. Master
Boot Record Security detects and reports unintentional or malicious changes to the MBR, such as those caused by some
workstation viruses or by the incorrect use of certain disk utilities. It also allows you to recover the “last known good”
MBR, should changes to the MBR be detected when the system is restarted.
To enable MBR Security:
1.
2.
Turn on or restart the workstation.
Wait for the F10=Setup prompt to appear on the lower right corner of the screen. Once you see the prompt,
press the F10 key to enter the F10 setup utility.
NOTE: If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the workstation and try again to
access the utility.
3.
4.
5.
Select Security > Master Boot Record Security > Enabled.
Select Security > Save Master Boot Record.
Before exiting, select File > Save Changes and Exit.
When MBR Security is enabled, the BIOS prevents any changes being made to the MBR of the current bootable
disk while in MS-DOS or Windows Safe Mode.
NOTE: Most operating systems control access to the MBR of the current bootable disk; the BIOS cannot prevent
changes that might occur while the operating system is running.
Each time the workstation is turned on or restarted, the BIOS compares the MBR of the current bootable disk to the
previously saved MBR. If changes are detected and if the current bootable disk is the same disk from which the MBR
was previously saved, the following message is displayed:
46
System Management
1999 - Master Boot Record has changed.
Press any key to enter Setup to configure MBR Security.
Upon entering Computer Setup, you must perform one of the following tasks:
•
•
•
Save the MBR of the current bootable disk
Restore the previously saved MBR
Disable the MBR Security feature
You must know the setup password, if one exists.
If changes are detected and if the current bootable disk is not the same disk from which the MBR was previously saved,
the following message is displayed:
2000 - Master Boot Record Hard Drive has changed.
Press any key to enter Setup to configure MBR Security.
Upon entering Computer Setup, you must perform one of the following tasks:
•
•
Save the MBR of the current bootable disk
Disable the MBR Security feature
You must know the setup password, if one exists.
In the unlikely event that the previously saved MBR has been corrupted, the following message is displayed:
1998 - Master Boot Record has been lost.
Press any key to enter Setup to configure MBR Security.
Upon entering Computer Setup, you must perform one of the following tasks:
•
•
Save the MBR of the current bootable disk
Disable the MBR Security feature
You must know the setup password, if one exists.
Before You Partition or Format the Current Bootable Disk
Before you partition or format the current bootable disk, ensure that MBR Security is disabled before you change
partitioning or formatting of the current bootable disk. Some disk utilities, such as FDISK and FORMAT, attempt to update
the MBR. If MBR Security is enabled when you change partitioning or formatting of the disk, you might receive error
messages from the disk utility or a warning from MBR Security the next time the workstation is turned on or restarted.
To disable MBR Security:
1.
2.
Turn on or restart the workstation.
Wait for the F10=Setup prompt to appear on the lower right corner of the screen. Once you see the prompt,
press the F10 key to enter the F10 setup utility.
NOTE: If you do not press F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the workstation and try again to access
the utility.
3.
4.
Select Security > Master Boot Record Security > Disabled.
Before exiting, select File > Save Changes and Exit.
Rear Port Controller Cover (Optional)
Clips to the back of the workstation and secures your I/O devices and prevents any cables at the back of the workstation
from being removed.
3.2.6 Fault Notification and Recovery
If the workstation is connected to a network managed by HP Client Manager Software, the computer sends a fault notice
to the network management application. With HP Client Manager Software, you can also remotely schedule diagnostics
to automatically run on all managed PCs and create a summary report of failed tests.
Drive Protection System
The DPS is a diagnostic tool built into the hard drives installed in select HP workstations. DPS is designed to help
diagnose problems that might result in unwarranted hard drive replacement.
47
System Management
Fault Notification and Recovery features combine innovative hardware and software technology to prevent the loss of
critical data and minimize unplanned downtime.
When HP workstations are built, each installed hard drive is tested using DPS, and a permanent record of key
information is written onto the drive. Each time DPS is run, test results are written to the hard drive. The service provider
can use this information to help diagnose conditions that caused you to run the DPS software.
ECC Fault Prediction and Prefailure Warranty
When the workstation encounters an excessive number of error checking and correcting (ECC) memory errors, the
workstation displays a Local Alert message. This message contains detailed information about the errant memory
module, allowing you to take action before you experience non-correctable memory errors. The Prefailure Warranty for
ECC memory modules allows you to replace these modules, free of charge, before the modules actually fail. ECC
memory modules are optional on selected HP systems.
NOTE: To use this feature, you must replace the standard DIMMs with HP ECC DIMMs.
Surge-Tolerant Power Supply
An integrated surge-tolerant power supply provides greater reliability when the workstation is hit with an unpredictable
power surge. This power supply is rated to withstand a power surge of up to 2000V (Line to PE or Neutral to PE) and
1000V (Line to Line) without any data loss or system downtime.
Thermal Sensor
The thermal sensors are hardware and software features that track the internal temperature of the workstation. Based on
those readings, the sensors influence the speed of the internal fans. The sensors can also cause the system to execute
slowly or shut down when predetermined temperature limits are exceeded. When combined with HP Client Manager
Software, this feature notifies the network administrator when the normal range is exceeded.
48
System Management
Removal and Replacement Procedures
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4
This chapter describes removal and replacement procedures of most internal components.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Section 4.1 “Service Considerations”
Section 4.2 “Pre-Disassembly Procedures”
Section 4.3 “System Board”
Section 4.4 “Steps for Removal and Replacement of Components”
Section 4.5 “Disassembly Order”
Section 4.6 “Security Lock (Optional)”
Section 4.7 “Cable Lock (Optional)”
Section 4.8 “Universal Chassis Clamp Lock (Optional)”
Section 4.9 “Access Panel”
Section 4.10 “Hood Sensor”
Section 4.11 “Solenoid Hood (Smart Cover) Lock (Optional)”
Section 4.12 “Front Bezel”
Section 4.13 “Bezel Blanks”
Section 4.14 “Front Panel I/O Device Assembly”
Section 4.15 “Power Button”
Section 4.16 “System Speaker”
Section 4.17 “Power Supply”
Section 4.18 “System Fan”
Section 4.19 “Memory”
Section 4.20 “Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) Slots”
Section 4.21 “Front Fan (Optional)”
Section 4.22 “Battery”
Section 4.23 “Power Connections”
Section 4.24 “Optical Drive (Minitower Position)”
Section 4.25 “Optical Drive (Desktop Position)”
Section 4.26 “Diskette Drive”
Section 4.27 “SCSI Hard Disk Drive”
Section 4.28 “SATA Hard Drive”
Section 4.29 “CPU Heatsink”
Section 4.30 “Processor”
Section 4.31 “System Board”
49
4.1
Service Considerations
The following sections discuss service considerations that should be reviewed and practiced before removing and
replacing any system components.
WARNING! When lifting or moving the workstation, do not use the front bezel as a handle or lifting point. Lifting the
workstation from the front bezel or lifting it incorrectly can cause the unit to fall and harm the user and damage the
workstation. To properly and safely lift the workstation, lift it from the bottom of the unit.
•
•
•
•
Section 4.1.1 “Cautions, Warnings, and Safety Precautions”
Section 4.1.2 “Electrostatic Discharge Information”
Section 4.1.3 “Tools and Software Requirements”
Section 4.1.4 “Special Handling of Components”
4.1.1 Cautions, Warnings, and Safety Precautions
For your safety, you must review the “Important Safety Warnings” on page 8 before accessing the components of the
workstation. Also, review the Safety and Regulatory Guide that came with your workstation for more information.
WARNING! Avoid Burn Injuries. Some parts inside the computer will be hot. Turn off and unplug the system, then wait
approximately three to five minutes for them to cool down before opening the system access panels or touching internal
components.
4.1.2 Electrostatic Discharge Information
A sudden discharge of static electricity from your finger or other conductor can destroy static-sensitive devices or
microcircuitry. Often the spark is neither felt nor heard, but damage occurs. An electronic device exposed to electrostatic
discharge (ESD) might not appear to be affected at all and can work perfectly throughout a normal cycle. The device
can function normally for a while, but it has been degraded in the internal layers, reducing its life expectancy.
Networks built into many integrated circuits provide some protection, but in many cases, the discharge contains enough
power to alter device parameters or melt silicon junctions.
Generating Static
The following table shows that:
•
•
Different activities generate different amounts of static electricity.
Static electricity increases as humidity decreases.
Table 4-6 Static Electricity
Relative Humidity
Event
55%
40%
10%
Walking across carpet
7,500V
15,000V
35,000V
3,000V
5,000V
12,000V
400V
800V
6,000V
Removing bubble pack from PCB
7,000V
20,000V
26,500V
Packing PCBs in foam-lined box
5,000V
11,000V
21,000V
Walking across vinyl floor
Motions of bench worker
NOTE: 700V can degrade a product.
Preventing Electrostatic Damage to Equipment
Many electronic components are sensitive to ESD. Circuitry design and structure determine the degree of sensitivity. The
following packaging and grounding precautions are necessary to prevent damage to electric components and
accessories.
•
•
•
•
•
•
50
Transport products in static-safe containers, such as tubes, bags, or boxes to avoid hand contact.
Protect all electrostatic parts and assemblies with conductive or approved containers or packaging.
Keep electrostatic sensitive parts in their containers until they arrive at static-free stations.
Place items on a grounded surface before removing them from their container.
When handling or touching a sensitive component or assembly, ground yourself by touching the chassis.
Avoid contact with pins, leads, or circuitry.
Removal and Replacement Procedures
Place reusable electrostatic-sensitive parts from assemblies in protective packaging or conductive foam.
Personal Grounding Methods and Equipment
Use the following equipment to prevent static electricity damage to equipment:
•
•
Wrist straps are flexible straps with a maximum of one-megohm ± 10% resistance in the ground cords. To
provide a proper ground, wear the strap against bare skin. The ground cord must be connected and fit snugly
into the banana plug connector on the grounding mat or workstation.
Heel straps, toe straps, and boot straps can be used at standing workstations and are compatible with most types
of shoes or boots. On conductive floors or dissipative floor mats, use them on both feet with a maximum of onemegohm ± 10% resistance between the operator and ground.
Table 4-7 Static Shielding Protection Levels
Method
Voltage
Antistatic plastic
1,500
Carbon-loaded plastic
7,500
Metallized laminate
15,000
Grounding the Work Area
To prevent static damage at the work area:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Cover the work surface with approved static-dissipative material. Provide a wrist strap connected to the work
surface and properly grounded tools and equipment.
Use static-dissipative mats, foot straps, or air ionizers to give added protection.
Handle electrostatic sensitive components, parts, and assemblies by the case or PCB laminate. Handle them only
at static-free work areas.
Turn off power and input signals before inserting and removing connectors or test equipment.
Use fixtures made of static-safe materials when fixtures must directly contact dissipative surfaces.
Keep work area free of nonconductive materials, such as ordinary plastic assembly aids and Styrofoam.
Use field service tools, such as cutters, screwdrivers, and vacuums, that are conductive.
Recommended Materials and Equipment
Materials and equipment that are recommended for use in preventing static electricity include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Antistatic tape
Antistatic smocks, aprons, or sleeve protectors
Conductive bins and other assembly or soldering aids
Conductive foam
Conductive tabletop workstations with ground cord of one-megohm ± 10% resistance
Static-dissipative table or floor mats with hard tie to ground
Field service kits
Static awareness labels
Wrist straps and footwear straps providing one-megohm ± 10% resistance
Material handling packages
Conductive plastic bags
Conductive plastic tubes
Conductive tote boxes
Opaque shielding bags
Transparent metallized shielding bags
Transparent shielding tubes
4.1.3 Tools and Software Requirements
•
•
•
Torx T-15 driver or flat-bladed screwdriver
Phillips screwdriver
Diagnostics software
51
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
•
•
Tamper-resistant T-15 wrench (Failsafe key) or tamper-resistant bits (required if you get locked out by solenoid
hood lock)
Screws
The screws used in the workstation are not interchangeable. They might have standard or metric threads and might be
of different lengths. If an incorrect screw is used during the reassembly process, it can damage the unit. HP strongly
recommends that all screws removed during disassembly be kept with the removed part, then returned to their proper
locations.
NOTE: Metric screws have a black finish. American National (unified) screws have a silver finish.
NOTE: As each subassembly is removed from the workstation, place the subassembly away from the work area to
prevent damage.
If necessary, additional drive guide screws are provided on the system chassis. There are eight Metric screws located
on the chassis near the 5.25-inch optical drive bays. These screws can be used to mount additional optical drives or an
optional diskette drive. There are four American National screws located on the chassis near the hard drive. These
screws can be used to mount additional hard drives in the 3.5” hard drive cage. For more information about this
procedure, see “Installing Hard Drives in the Optical Drive Bay (Optional)” on page 87.
NOTE: The Metric (black) and American National (silver) screws are not interchangeable.
1
Metric screws (8)
2
American National screws (4)
4.1.4 Special Handling of Components
The following components require special handling when servicing the workstation.
WARNING! Do not use the front bezel as a handle or lifting point when lifting or moving the workstation. Lifting the
workstation from the front bezel or lifting it incorrectly could cause the unit to fall and cause harm to the user and
damage to the workstation. To properly and safely lift the workstation, lift it from the bottom of the unit from either the
desktop or minitower configuration.
Cables and Connectors
Cables must be handled with care to avoid damage. Apply only the tension required to seat or unseat the cables during
insertion or removal from the connector. Handle cables by the connector or pull strap whenever possible. In all cases,
avoid bending or twisting the cables, and be sure that the cables are routed in such a way that they cannot be caught
or snagged by parts being removed or replaced.
52
Removal and Replacement Procedures
Hard Drives
Handle hard drives as delicate, precision components, avoiding all physical shock and vibration. This applies to failed
drives as well as replacement spares.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
If a drive must be mailed, place the drive in a bubble-pack mailer or other suitable protective packaging and
label the package “Fragile: Handle With Care.”
Do not remove hard drives from the shipping package for storage. Keep hard drives in their protective packaging
until they are actually mounted in the workstation.
Avoid dropping drives from any height onto any surface.
If you are inserting or removing a hard drive, turn off the workstation. Do not remove a hard drive while the
workstation is on or in Standby mode.
Before handling a drive, be sure that you are discharged of static electricity. While handling a drive, avoid
touching the connector. For more information about preventing electrostatic damage, refer to “Electrostatic
Discharge Information” on page 50.
Do not use excessive force when inserting a drive.
Avoid exposing a hard drive to liquids, temperature extremes, or products that have magnetic fields such as
monitors or speakers.
Lithium Coin Cell Battery
The battery that comes with the workstation provides power to the real-time clock and has a minimum lifetime of about
three years.
For instructions on battery removal and replacement, see the “Battery” on page 76.
WARNING! This workstation contains a lithium battery. There is a risk of fire and chemical burn if the battery is
handled improperly. Do not disassemble, crush, puncture, short external contacts, dispose in water or fire, or expose it
to temperatures higher than 140 F (60 C).
Batterij niet
weggooien,
maar inleveren
als KCA.
CAUTION: Batteries, battery packs, and accumulators should not be disposed of together with the general household
waste.
53
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
CAUTION: When servicing this workstation, be sure that cables are placed in their proper location during the
reassembly process. Improper cable placement can damage the workstation.
4.2
Pre-Disassembly Procedures
Before servicing the workstation:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Close any open software applications.
Remove any diskette or compact disc from the workstation.
Exit the operating system.
Turn off the workstation and any peripheral devices that are connected to it.
Remove/disengage any security devices that prohibit opening the workstation.
CAUTION: Turn off the workstation before disconnecting any cables.
CAUTION: The cooling fan is off only when the workstation is turned off or the power cable has been disconnected.
The cooling fan is always on when the workstation is in the “On,” “Standby,” or “Suspend” modes. You must
disconnect the power cord from the power source before opening the workstation to prevent system board or
component damage.
6.
7.
54
Disconnect the power cord from the electrical outlet and then from the workstation.
Disconnect all peripheral device cables from the workstation.
Removal and Replacement Procedures
System Board
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4.3
This section provides additional information about the system board.
•
•
Section 4.3.1 “System Board Components”
Section 4.3.2 “System Board Architecture”
4.3.1 System Board Components
The following illustration shows the system board connectors and sockets on the HP xw4300 Workstation.
Table 4-8 System Board Components
1
Second serial port adapter
13
Serial ATA ports
25
PCI
2
Rear fan
14
Clear CMOS button
26
PCI Express x1
3
Processor power connector
15
Front chassis fan
27
PCI Express x8’ (x4)
4
Processor
16
Front control panel
28
PCI
5
Solenoid hood lock
17
Password jumper
29
PCI Express x16
6
Processor fan connector
18
Battery
30
Network/USB
7
Memory module sockets
19
Front USB
31
Audio
8
Main power
20
Hard disk activity LED
32
USB
9
Diskette drive connector
21
Chassis speaker
33
Parallel
10
Primary IDE* connector
22
Front audio
34
Serial
11
Chassis intrusion switch
23
Auxiliary audio
35
Keyboard/mouse
12
Boot block jumper
24
CD-ROM audio
*The Primary IDE connector is only used for optical drives.
55
4.3.2 System Board Architecture
The following illustration shows the HP xw4300 Workstation block diagram.
56
Removal and Replacement Procedures
Steps for Removal and Replacement of Components
This section discusses the procedures necessary to remove and install various hardware components on your workstation.
Review the safety and precautions and “Service Considerations” on page 50, as well as the Safety and Regulatory
Guide, before servicing or upgrading your system.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
4.5
Read all safety information and precautions.
Locate and clear a suitable work area.
Shut down the system and remove power from the unit.
Gather your tools.
Service your unit.
Restore power to your unit.
Disassembly Order
Use the following table to determine the sequence in which to remove the major components.
Pre-Disassembly (section 4.2)
Locks (section 4.6)
Access Panel (section 4.9)
Hood Sensor (section 4.10)
Front Bezel (section 4.12)
Front Panel I/O Assembly (section
4.14)
Power Button (section 4.15)
Optical Drive (section 4.24)
Diskette Drive (section 4.26)
Bezel Blanks (section 4.13)
System Speaker (section 4.16)
Power Supply (section 4.17)
System Fan (section 4.18)
Memory (section 4.19)
Battery (section 4.22)
Hard Drive (section 4.27)
Processor Heatsink (section 4.29)
Processor (section 4.30)
PCI or PCI Express Cards (section 4.20)
System Board (section 4.31)
57
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4.4
4.6
Security Lock (Optional)
If a security lock is installed, remove it before servicing the unit. To remove the security lock, unlock it and slide it out of
the padlock loop as shown in the following illustration.
4.7
Cable Lock (Optional)
If a cable lock is installed, remove it before servicing the unit. To remove the cable lock, unlock it and pull it out of the
cable lock slot as shown in the following illustration.
58
Removal and Replacement Procedures
Universal Chassis Clamp Lock (Optional)
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4.8
If a universal chassis clamp lock is installed, remove it before servicing the unit.
To remove the lock:
1.
Unlock the device and remove the locking mechanism.
2.
Remove the screw attaching the lock to the chassis.
59
4.9
Access Panel
Before accessing the internal components of the workstation, the access panel must be removed.
To open the access panel:
WARNING! Before removing the workstation access panel, be sure that the workstation is turned off and that the
power cord is disconnected from the electrical outlet.
1.
2.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and lay the workstation on its side as shown.
Pull up on the latch 1, slide the access panel 2 toward the rear of the workstation and then lift the access panel
off.
To replace the access panel, lay it flat on the unit about one inch from the bezel. The hooks should fall into the recesses.
Then, slide the cover toward the bezel until it snaps into place.
4.10 Hood Sensor
To remove the hood sensor:
1.
2.
3.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and open the access panel (section 4.9).
Disconnect the hood sensor connector 1 from the system board.
Slide the hood sensor forward, push it down, and remove it 2 from the chassis.
CAUTION: Be careful when sliding the hood sensor forward. The hood sensor bracket and the chassis contain sharp
edges that present a safety hazard.
To replace the hood sensor, reverse the previous steps.
60
Removal and Replacement Procedures
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4.11 Solenoid Hood (Smart Cover) Lock (Optional)
To remove the solenoid lock:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and open the access panel (section 4.9).
Disconnect the solenoid hood lock cable 1 from the system board.
Using the FailSafe key (T-15 wrench), unscrew the two screws 2 from the back of the chassis as shown in the
following diagram.
To purchase a FailSafe key, contact your authorized HP reseller or service provider or visit the HP Web site
(http://www.hp.com) for ordering information.
Slide the solenoid hood lock assembly 3 away from the chassis and out of the unit.
To replace the solenoid hood lock assembly, reverse the previous steps.
4.12 Front Bezel
To remove the front bezel:
1.
2.
3.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and open the access panel (section 4.9).
Lift up on the two tabs 1 located on the front bezel.
Rotate the front bezel away 2 from the chassis and remove the bezel.
To replace the front bezel, reverse the previous steps.
61
4.13 Bezel Blanks
To remove the bezel blank:
1.
2.
3.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2), open the access panel (section 4.9), and remove the front bezel
(section 4.12).
Gently push the subpanel 1 out the back of the front bezel.
Remove the desired bezel blank by applying outward pressure on the subpanel 1 and pulling the blank 2 away.
NOTE: The bezel blanks are keyed to assist you in replacing the blanks. Also, the subpanel can be rotated 90 degrees
to install the optical drives in desktop orientation, if desired.
62
Removal and Replacement Procedures
To remove the front panel I/O device assembly:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2), open the access panel (section 4.9), and remove the front bezel
(section 4.12).
Unlatch the plastic snap that secures the cables inside the chassis and disconnect the front panel I/O device
assembly cables from the system board.
Remove the two smaller Torx screws 1 that hold the front panel I/O device assembly 3 and bracket to the
chassis.
Remove the two larger Torx screws 2 that hold the front panel I/O device assembly 3 to the bracket.
Separate the bracket away from the front panel I/O device assembly.
WARNING! The next step requires the removal of cables through the chassis. Some edges on the chassis might be
sharp. Be careful when removing these cables.
6.
7.
Pull the front panel I/O device assembly out about two inches away 4 from the chassis.
Pull the front panel cables through the chassis and out the front of the unit. You might have to slide the cables out
one at a time.
To replace the front panel I/O device assembly:
WARNING! The next step requires threading cables through the chassis. Some edges on the chassis might be sharp.
Be careful when installing these cables.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Thread each front panel I/O device assembly cable through the same holes from which they were removed.
Push the front panel I/O device assembly in to the chassis. Using your fingers, orient the cables so that there is
enough room for the front panel I/O device assembly to easily fit in its slot.
Loosely put the bracket on the front panel I/O device assembly and hook the bracket to the chassis.
Screw the bracket to the front panel I/O device assembly and screw the bracket to the chassis.
Connect the front audio cable to 1. Connect the front USB cable to 2. Connect the front control panel cable
to 3. If an IEEE-1394 card is installed, connect the front IEEE-1394 cable to the card.
63
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4.14 Front Panel I/O Device Assembly
4.15 Power Button
To remove the power button:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2), open the access panel (section 4.9), remove the front bezel
(section 4.12), and remove the front panel I/O device assembly (section 4.14).
Disconnect the power button cable from the system board.
Press in on the clips that secure the power button to the chassis.
Dislodge the metal clip from the chassis by rocking the power button back and forth. Then slide the power button
assembly 2 out from the front of the chassis.
4.16 System Speaker
To remove the speaker:
1.
2.
3.
64
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and open the access panel (section 4.9).
Disconnect the speaker cable 1 from the system board.
Remove the four screws 2 securing the speaker to the chassis and lift the speaker out of the chassis.
Removal and Replacement Procedures
To remove the power supply:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and open the access panel (section 4.9).
TIP: This next step requires disconnecting several power cables. To speed up reinstalling the power supply, it is helpful
to write down the numbers on the cables so that you can easily reconnect the cable to the correct devices.
2.
3.
4.
Disconnect all cables from the system board, drives, or cards.
Remove the four screws 1 from the back panel.
Slide the power supply toward the front and lift it 2 out of the chassis.
To replace the power supply, reverse the previous steps.
65
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4.17 Power Supply
4.18 System Fan
To remove the system fan:
1.
2.
3.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and open the access panel (section 4.9).
Disconnect the fan plug 1 from the system board.
Remove the four screws 2 from the rear of the chassis with a Phillips screwdriver.
To replace the system fan, reverse the previous steps.
CAUTION: When replacing the system fan, be sure that the fan is situated so that the airflow direction arrow is
pointing toward the rear of the chassis.
66
Removal and Replacement Procedures
To remove a memory module:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and open the access panel (section 4.9).
CAUTION: To ensure that memory modules are not damaged during removal or installation, power off the workstation
and unplug the power cord from the AC power outlet. Wait until the LED on the back of the power supply turns off
before removing memory. If you do not unplug the power cord while installing memory, your memory modules might
be damaged and the system will not recognize the memory changes.
2.
3.
Gently push outwards on the socket levers 1.
Lift the DIMM 2 straight up and remove it from the unit. Store the DIMM in an anti-static bag.
4.19.1 Memory Module Features
•
•
•
Contains four memory slots for DIMMS
Supports 256MB–4GB configurations
Supports dual-channel DIMMs
4.19.2 Memory Module Requirements
CAUTION: HP only ships DIMMs that are electrically and thermally compatible with this product. Because third-party
DIMMs might not be electrically or thermally compatible, they are not supported by HP.
NOTE: DIMMs and their sockets are keyed for proper installation. Be sure these guides line up when installing DIMMs.
•
•
Use only industry-standard, unbuffered, PC2-4200 (533MHz) or PC2-5300 (667MHz) DIMMs
Match DIMM pairs by size and type
67
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4.19 Memory
4.19.3 Required Loading Order
Use the following illustration as a guide for installing memory:
•
•
•
If installing only one DIMM, install it in socket 1.
Install the first DIMM pair in sockets 1 and 3.
Install the second DIMM pair in sockets 2 and 4.
To install a memory module:
1.
2.
3.
68
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and open the access panel (section 4.9).
Gently push outwards on the socket levers.
Lower the DIMM straight down 1 and secure the socket levers 2 into place.
Removal and Replacement Procedures
The section contains information on the following topics:
•
•
•
•
“PCI Slot Types” on page 69
“PCI Card Support” on page 70
“PCI Express” on page 71
“PCI” on page 73
4.20.1 PCI Slot Types
Your workstation contains three PCI slots, one PCI Express x1 slots, one PCI Express x8’ (x4), and a single PCI Express
x16 slot (usually used for high-end graphics). The following table describes the slots, card types, and maximum slot
power.
NOTE: Adjacent cards can have electromagnetic interactions with each other. As a practical matter, it is a good
practice to physically separate high-speed cards from slower cards that may unintentionally couple some of their
electromagnetic energy outside the box. Specifically, NIC cards should be located at least two slots away from
graphics or SCSI controller cards, if possible, to minimize electromagnetic emissions.
Table 4-9 PCI and PCI Express Slot Power Specifications
Slot#
Slot Type
Slot Power (Maximum)
1
PCI Express x16 graphics
75W*
2
PCI
25W*
3
PCI Express x8’ (x4)
25W*
4
PCI Express x1
25W*
5
PCI
25W*
6
PCI
25W*
* In addition to these slot power specifications, the overall power consumption of the system (including I/O cards, processor, and
memory) must not exceed the maximum ratings of the system power supply.
69
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4.20 Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) Slots
4.20.2 PCI Card Support
For added protection, some cards have PCI holders installed to prevent movement during shipping.
To remove the card support:
1.
2.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and open the access panel (section 4.9).
Remove the two screws 1 retaining the card support and lift 2 it out of the chassis.
To install card support:
1.
2.
3.
70
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and open the access panel (section 4.9).
Engage the rear bracket 1 with the holes in the rear of the chassis before rotating it down 2 into position.
Secure the bracket with two screws 3.
Removal and Replacement Procedures
PCI Express, a hardware interconnect standard (for example, I/O slots), is a point-to-point architecture and uses a serial
data transmission protocol. A single PCI Express lane consists of four wires and is capable of transmitting 250MB in a
single direction or 500MB in both directions simultaneously. This bandwidth is not affected by what is happening on
other PCI Express buses or legacy PCI/PCI-X buses (provided that total bandwidth can be handled by the CPU and the
memory subsystem). The transmission protocol is similar to what is used for a LAN connection and contains error
correction and detection, packet addressing, and other network features.
PCI Express improves system attributes. PCI Express enables a low-power, scalable, high-bandwidth communication path
with a small number of connections (wires) compared to traditional parallel interfaces (for example, PCI).
The PCI Express I/O slots can support other PCI Express cards with lesser bus bandwidth than what is physically defined
for the slot. Use the following table to determine compatibility.
Table 4-10 PCI Express Compatibility Matrix for HP xw4300 Workstation
PCI Express x1 Slot
PCI Express x8’ (x4) Slot
PCI Express x16 Slot
Mechanical Compatibility
Electrical Compatibility
x1 cards
x1 modes
x1, x4, and x8 cards
x1 and x4 modes
x1, x4, x8, and x16 cards
x1 and x16 modes
71
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4.20.3 PCI Express
To remove a PCI Express card:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2), open the access panel (section 4.9) and remove the PCI card
support (section 4.20.2), if installed.
Lift the PCI levers 1 by first pressing down and then up.
If removing a PCI Express x16 graphics card, press in on the “hockey stick” lever 2 while lifting the card 3 out
of the chassis. Store the card in an anti-static bag.
If removing another type of PCI Express card, lift the card out of the chassis. You do not need to press in on the
“hockey stick” lever.
Install a PCI slot cover and close the PCI levers. If the PCI levers do not close, be sure all cards are properly
seated and then try again.
To install a PCI Express card:
72
1.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2), open the access panel (section 4.9) and remove the PCI card
support (section 4.20.2), if installed.
2.
Lift the PCI levers 1 by first pressing down and then up.
3.
Remove the PCI slot cover 2.
4.
Lower the PCI Express 3 card into the chassis. Verify that the keyed components of the card align with the socket.
5.
Close the PCI levers 4. If the PCI levers do not close, be sure all cards are properly seated.
Removal and Replacement Procedures
To remove a PCI card:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2), open the access panel (section 4.9) and remove the PCI card
support (section 4.20.2), if installed.
2.
3.
4.
Lift the PCI levers 1 by first pressing down and then up.
Lift the PCI card 2 out of the chassis. Store the card in an anti-static bag.
Install a PCI slot cover and close the PCI levers. If the PCI levers do not close, be sure all cards are properly
seated and then try again.
To install a PCI card:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2), open the access panel (section 4.9) and remove the PCI card
support (section 4.20.2), if installed.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Lift the PCI levers 1 by first pressing down and then up.
Remove the PCI slot cover 2.
Lower the PCI 3 card into the chassis. Verify that the keyed components of the card align with the socket.
Close the PCI levers 4. If the PCI levers do not close, be sure all cards are properly seated and then try again.
73
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4.20.4 PCI
4.20.5 IEEE-1394 (Optional)
To remove an IEEE-1394 card:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2), open the access panel (section 4.9) and remove the PCI card
support (section 4.20.2), if installed.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Lift the PCI levers 1 by first pressing down and then up.
Disconnect the front I/O cable and power cable 2 from the card.
Lift the IEEE card 3 out of the chassis. Store the card in an anti-static bag.
Install a PCI slot cover and close the PCI levers. If the PCI levers do not close, be sure all cards are properly
seated and then try again.
To install an IEEE-1394 card, reverse the previous steps.
74
Removal and Replacement Procedures
To remove the front fan:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and open the access panel (section 4.9).
Disconnect the header 1 from the system board and thread it out of the card guide. Note that the system board
connector refers to “PCI fan.”
Unsnap the fan housing from the chassis 2 and lift it 3 out of the workstation.
Remove the fan from the fan housing by applying outward pressure on the fan housing while pushing the fan out
of the housing.
To replace the front fan, reverse the previous steps, but be sure that the airflow direction arrow on the side of the fan
points to the rear of the chassis.
75
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4.21 Front Fan (Optional)
4.22 Battery
CAUTION: Before removing the battery, be sure your Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) settings
are backed up because all CMOS settings are lost when the battery is removed. To back up the CMOS settings, use
Computer Setup and run the Save to Diskette option from the File menu.
To remove the battery:
1.
2.
3.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and open the access panel (section 4.9).
On the system board, press on the release tab of the battery holder 1.
Lift the battery straight up 2.
To replace the battery, slide the battery back in until it snaps back into place.
76
Removal and Replacement Procedures
For help in identifying power cables, refer to the following information. Route or tie cables so that there is no possible
way for them to interfere with the CPU heatsink fan.
Table 4-11 Power Connections
P1
Main power on system board
P2
N/A
P3
CPU power
P4
PCI Express graphics auxiliary
P5
PCI (e.g. 1394) auxiliary
P6
ODD IDE top bay
P7
ODD IDE mid bay
P8
FDD
P9
3rd HDD SATA bottom ODD bay
P10
4th HDD SATA mid ODD bay
P11
ODD IDE or 3rd HDD SCSI ODD bottom bay
P12
1st HDD SATA bottom HDD bay
P13
2nd HDD SATA top HDD bay
P14
1st HDD SCSI bottom HDD bay
P15
2nd HDD SCSI top HDD bay
77
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4.23 Power Connections
4.24 Optical Drive (Minitower Position)
To remove an optical drive:
1.
2.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2), open the access panel (section 4.9), and remove the front bezel
(section 4.12).
Disconnect the power 1, data 2, and audio 3 cables from the drive. The connector colors might be different
than illustrated.
NOTE: The audio cable is only required for Linux-based systems.
3.
78
Lift the green drivelock release lever 1 and gently slide the drive 2 out of the chassis.
Removal and Replacement Procedures
After pulling the drive 1 out, remove the four guide screws 2 from the drive. Only remove the four guide screws
if you plan to install another drive.
To install an optical drive:
1.
2.
3.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2), open the access panel (section 4.9), remove the front bezel
(section 4.12), and remove a bezel blank (section 4.13), if necessary.
Insert the four guide screws 1 into the drive.
Align the screws with the grooves in the drive bay and gently slide 2 the drive into the unit until it snaps into
place.
CAUTION: Ensure that the optical drive is secure by pulling to see if the drive can become easily disengaged. Failure
to do so can cause damage to the drive when moving the workstation.
4.
Connect the power, drive, and audio (if required) cables to the drive and system board. On Linux systems,
connect the audio cable to the AUX-IN connector.
NOTE: The audio cable is only required for Linux-based systems.
79
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4.
4.25 Optical Drive (Desktop Position)
To remove an optical drive:
1.
2.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2), open the access panel (section 4.9), and remove the front bezel
(section 4.12).
Disconnect the audio 1, data 2, and power 3 cables from the drive. The connector colors might be different
than illustrated.
NOTE: The audio cable is only required for Linux-based systems.
3.
Press down on the yellow drivelock release lever 1 and gently slide the drive 2 out of the chassis.
4.
After pulling the drive 1 out, remove the four guide screws 2 from the drive as shown in the illustration below.
Only remove the four guide screws if you plan to install another drive.
To install an optical drive:
1.
2.
80
Remove the front bezel and bezel blanks.
Insert the four guide screws into the drive.
Removal and Replacement Procedures
Align the screws with the slots on the drive and slide the drive into the unit until it snaps into place.
CAUTION: Ensure that the optical drive is secure by pulling to see if the drive can become easily disengaged. Failure
to do so can cause damage to the drive when moving the workstation.
4.
Connect the power, drive, and audio (if required) cables to the drive and system board. On Linux systems,
connect the audio cable to the AUX-IN connector.
NOTE: The audio cable is only required for Linux-based systems.
81
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
3.
4.26 Diskette Drive
To remove a diskette drive:
1.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2), open the access panel (section 4.9), and remove the front bezel
(section 4.12).
2.
Disconnect the data 1 and power 2 cables from the back of the diskette drive.
3.
Lift the green drivelock release tab 1 and gently slide the drive 2 out at the same time.
To replace a diskette drive:
2.
Align the metal protrusions on the side of the drive with the grooves in the diskette drive bay and slide the diskette
drive into the bay until it stops.
Connect the data cable to the diskette drive 1 and to the system board 2.
3.
Connect the power cable to the diskette drive.
1.
82
Removal and Replacement Procedures
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4.27 SCSI Hard Disk Drive
To remove a hard drive:
1.
2.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and open the access panel (section 4.9).
Disconnect the data 1 and power 2 cables from the hard drive.
3.
Lift up on the green drivelock release tab 1 and slide the hard drive 2 out of the chassis.
To install a SCSI hard drive:
For more information on SCSI hard drives, see “SCSI Devices” on page 127.
Before installing a SCSI hard drive on your system, you must give the hard drive a unique SCSI ID.
All SCSI controllers require a unique SCSI ID (0–15) for each SCSI device that is installed. The reserved and available
SCSI ID numbers are displayed in the following list:
•
•
•
0 is reserved for the primary hard drive (not reserved for the primary hard drive on Linux).
7 is reserved for the SCSI controller.
1 through 6 and 8 through 15 are available for all other SCSI devices.
When 0 is used for the primary hard drive, set the second hard drive to 1, the third to 2, and so on.
To set the SCSI ID on a drive, see the instructions on top/back of the hard drive for the correct jumper settings. The drive
probably displays a diagram of the jumper block. This diagram shows you which blocks to cover with your jumper to
get the desired ID.
For example, if the drive must be set to 3, the drive might show that the 4 ID bits are at the far left of the connector (ID0,
ID1, ID2, and ID3), then using the jumpers provided, cover the pins to set the SCSI ID.
After you have given the hard drive a unique SCSI ID, you can install the hard drive into your system.
1.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and open the access panel (section 4.9).
83
84
2.
3.
4.
Select a drive bay in which to install the drive.
Push the drive 1 into the selected bay until it snaps into place.
Attach the data 2 and power 3 cables to the drive.
5.
6.
7.
Insert the SCSI controller card into an available PCI slot (section 4.20.4).
Connect the data cable from the hard drive 1 to the controller card 2.
Connect the hard drive LED cable from the card to the hard drive LED connector on the system board. You can
find the location of this connector on the illustration on the inside of the access panel.
Removal and Replacement Procedures
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4.28 SATA Hard Drive
For more information on SATA hard drives and the SATA RAID configuration, see “SATA Devices” on page 125.
To remove a SATA hard drive:
1.
2.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and open the access panel (section 4.9).
Disconnect the data 1 and power 2 cables from the hard drive.
3.
Lift up on the green drivelock release tab 1 and slide the hard drive 2 out of the chassis.
85
To install one to two SATA drives:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and open the access panel (section 4.9).
Select a drive bay in which to install the drive.
Push the drive into the selected bay until it snaps into place.
Connect the data cable 1 and power cable 2 to the hard drive.
5.
Connect the data cable 1 from the hard drive to the serial ATA port 2. SATA0 port is shown in the following
illustration.
•
Connect SATA 0 to SATA0 (P60).
•
Connect SATA 1 to SATA1 (P61).
To install three to four SATA hard drives:
1.
2.
Follow the instructions for installing two SATA hard drives (page 86).
Follow the instructions for installing the hard drive into the optical drive slot (page 87).
NOTE: If installing three SATA hard drives, you must install hard drives in at least one optical drive bay. If installing four
SATA hard drives, you must install hard drives in at least two optical drive bays.
3.
86
Attach the power and data cable to the drive.
•
Connect SATA 2 to SATA2 (P62).
•
Connect SATA 3 to SATA3 (P63).
Removal and Replacement Procedures
1.
2.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2), open the access panel (section 4.9), and remove the front bezel
(section 4.12).
Place the hard drive in the bracket 1 and secure with American National screws 2 as shown in the following
illustration.
3.
Screw four screws to the bracket 1. Align the screws with the grooves in the optical drive bay and slide the drive
in 2 the chassis.
4.
5.
Connect the data cable to the hard drive 1 and to the system board 2. SATA installation is shown.
Connect the power cables (not shown).
87
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4.28.1 Installing Hard Drives in the Optical Drive Bay (Optional)
4.29 CPU Heatsink
CAUTION: Different versions of the CPU heatsink exist, but the overall procedures listed are sufficient to assist you in
removing the heatsink.
To remove the CPU heatsink:
1.
Turn on the workstation and enter Computer Setup (F10) (section 3.1). Let the workstation run in this mode for five
minutes.
This action warms the thermal interface material between the CPU heatsink and processor so that the thermal
bond loosens and can more easily be broken.
CAUTION: Removing the CPU heatsink while the thermal compound is cold puts unnecessary mechanical stress on the
CPU and the CPU socket. This action could damage the processor and the processor socket.
NOTE: Windows in idle state does not provide sufficient heat to warm the compound.
3.
After warming the thermal interface, shut down the system, disconnect power from the system (section 4.2) and
open the access panel (section 4.9).
Loosen the captured heatsink screws from the system board in pairs. Begin by slightly loosening any two screws
that are diagonally opposite from one another, then slightly loosen the other two. Then finish removing the
screws.
4.
5.
6.
Gently twist the heatsink unit to break the thermal grease binding.
Disconnect the CPU heatsink cable 1 from the system board.
Lift the CPU heatsink 2 unit.
2.
88
Removal and Replacement Procedures
Use alcohol and a soft cloth to clean all the thermal interface material residue from the CPU heatsink and
processor.
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
7.
CAUTION: Allow the alcohol on the processor and CPU heatsink to dry completely.
8.
Use alcohol and a soft cloth to clean all of the thermal interface material residue from the CPU heatsink and
processor.
To replace the CPU heatsink:
1.
2.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2), open the access panel (section 4.9), and remove the CPU
heatsink (section 4.29).
Use alcohol and a soft cloth to clean all of the thermal interface material residue from the CPU heatsink and
processor.
CAUTION: Allow the alcohol on the processor and CPU heatsink to dry completely.
3.
4.
Check for proper processor seating in the socket by carefully trying to lift the processor out of the socket with your
fingers. A properly seated processor does not lift out of the socket.
Apply thermal grease to center of the processor. If using a new CPU heatsink, remove and discard the thermal
grease protective liner from the bottom of the new CPU heatsink.
NOTE: Do not touch the exposed thermal grease when handling the CPU heatsink.
5.
6.
Lower the CPU heatsink onto the system board.
Carefully tighten the four screws a little at a time; do not fully tighten one screw and move onto the next. Be sure
the processor remains level and be sure you do not overtighten the screws. If you have a torque-limited driver
available, tighten the screws to the correct torque setting of 6 in-lbs.
CAUTION: Do NOT overtighten the screws. If you overtighten the screws, you risk stripping the threads in the system
board tray.
89
4.30 Processor
To remove the processor:
1.
2.
3.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2), open the access panel (section 4.9), and remove the CPU
heatsink (section 4.29).
Raise the lever 1 on the processor socket handle and open the cover 2.
Pull the processor 3 straight out of the socket.
CAUTION: Avoid bending the protrusions in the CPU socket. This mishandling can damage the CPU socket.
NOTE: Store the processor in a safe place where it will not be damaged.
To replace the processor:
1.
2.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2), open the access panel (section 4.9), remove the CPU heatsink
(section 4.29), and remove the processor (section 4.30).
Raise the processor socket handle fully (the full swing angle of the lever is approximately 90 degrees).
CAUTION: Processor pins are delicate and bend easily. Use extreme care when placing the processor in the socket.
3.
90
Line up the triangle on the top of the processor with the triangle on the corner of the processor socket and install
the processor into the socket. Ensure that the underside of the processor is level with the top of the processor
socket. Lightly press down on the top of the processor while closing the socket lever.
Removal and Replacement Procedures
5.
Check for proper processor seating in the socket by carefully trying to lift the processor out of the socket with your
fingers. A properly seated processor does not lift out of the socket.
Replace the CPU heatsink (section 4.29).
91
Removal and Replacement
Procedures
4.
4.31 System Board
To remove the system board:
1.
2.
Disconnect power from the system (section 4.2), open the access panel (section 4.9), remove all plug-in cards
and graphics cards (section 4.19), and remove the system fan assembly (section 4.18).
Disconnect all cabling from the system board.
NOTE: Make note of the cable connections before disconnecting them from the system board. Refer to section 4.23
“Power Connections” for more information.
3.
4.
Press the release tab as shown in the following illustration.
Slide the board toward the front of the chassis and then lift it out of the unit.
To replace the system board:
1.
Lay the system board back in the chassis slightly away from the rear of the chassis. The mounting hooks should
fall into the recesses of the tray so the tray lays flat on the chassis base.
NOTE: Be sure the system board connectors engage correctly with the rear I/O panel.
2.
3.
92
Slide the tray towards the rear of the chassis until the heat sink mounting holes line up.
Re-install the heatsink, cards, and cables
Removal and Replacement Procedures
System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
This chapter discusses the tools available for diagnosing and troubleshooting system issues.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Section 5.1 “Help & Support Center (HSC) and E-Support”
Section 5.2 “Troubleshooting Checklist”
Section 5.3 “LED Color Definitions”
Section 5.4 “HP Insight Diagnostics Offline Edition”
Section 5.5 “Troubleshooting Using HP Intelligent Manageability Features”
Section 5.6 “Diagnostic Light Codes”
Section 5.7 “Troubleshooting Scenarios and Solutions”
Section 5.8 “Power On Self Test (POST) and Error Messages”
System Diagnostics and
Troubleshooting
5
93
5.1
Help & Support Center (HSC) and E-Support
HSC provides online access to technical support information, software updates and downloads, diagnostic tools, and
HP support contact information.
To open HSC from your desktop, click Start > Help and Support.
HSC contains four sections:
•
•
•
•
5.2
HP Product Information (requires Internet access)—Links to the HP Technical Support Web site for your product.
You can access all related documentation, downloads and updates, tools, and more.
HP Software & Driver Downloads (requires Internet access)—Links to HP specific software downloads and
updates.
HP Support Tools (requires Internet access)—Links to self-help tools and diagnostics offered by HP Instant Support
Professional Edition.
Contact HP for Support—Provides two different options:
•
Chat with an expert online (requires Internet access)—Provides a tool to communicate with a support
specialist online through Active Chat.
•
Call a support agent—Provides hardware details about the workstation and HP support contact phone
number worldwide.
Troubleshooting Checklist
Before running any of the diagnostic utilities, go through the following checklist to find possible solutions for workstation
or software problems.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
5.3
Are the workstation and monitor connected to a working electrical outlet?
Is the workstation turned on?
Is the green power light illuminated?
Is the monitor turned on?
Is the green monitor light illuminated?
Turn up the monitor brightness and contrast controls if the monitor is dim.
Press and hold any key. If the system beeps, then the keyboard is operating correctly.
Check all cables for loose or incorrect connections.
Reconfigure the workstation after installing a non-PnP expansion board or other option, such as a diskette drive.
Are all of the necessary device drivers installed?
Have all printer drivers been installed for each application?
Remove all diskettes and CDs from the drives before you turn on the system.
Are you running the latest BIOS version, drivers, and software updates?
LED Color Definitions
An LED light exists on the front panel of your workstation. The following table describes what each color signifies.
Table 5-I LED Color Definitions
94
LED State
LED Color
System Status
Solid
Green
System is on.
Blinking
Green
System is in Standby.
Solid or Blinking
Red
System has error. Refer to section 5.6.
None
No light
System is in Hibernate or it is off.
System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
HP Insight Diagnostics Offline Edition
NOTE: HP Insight Diagnostics is included on CD with some computer models only.
The HP Insight Diagnostics utility allows you to view information about the hardware configuration of the computer and
perform hardware diagnostic tests on the subsystems of the computer. The utility simplifies the process of effectively
identifying, diagnosing, and isolating hardware issues.
The Survey tab is displayed when you invoke HP Insight Diagnostics. This tab shows the current configuration of the
computer. From the Survey tab, there is access to several categories of information about the computer. Other tabs
provide additional information, including diagnostic test options and test results. The information in each screen of the
utility can be saved as an html file and stored on a diskette or USB HP Drive Key.
Use HP Insight Diagnostics to determine if all the devices installed on the computer are recognized by the system and
functioning properly. Running tests is optional but recommended after installing or connecting a new device.
You should run tests, save the test results, and print them so that you have printed reports available before placing a call
to the Customer Support Center.
NOTE: Third party devices might not be detected by HP Insight Diagnostics.
5.4.1 Key Features and Benefits
HP Insight Diagnostics simplifies the process of effectively identifying, diagnosing, and isolating the hardware issues.
In addition to robust management tools, service tools can be invaluable in quickly resolving system problems. To
streamline the service process and resolve problems quickly, it is necessary to have the right information available at
the time that a service call is placed. Before calling, write down the configuration of the system. Insight Diagnostics helps
provide higher system availability. Typical uses of the Insight Diagnostics are:
•
•
•
Testing and diagnosing apparent hardware failures
Documenting system configurations for upgrade planning, standardization, inventory tracking, disaster recovery,
and maintenance
Sending configuration information to another location for more in-depth analysis
5.4.2 Theory of Operation
Insight Diagnostics Offline Edition operates in offline mode only. The operating system is not running and software
information from the system is not available to the diagnostics.
Offline Survey—displays the current system configuration.
Insight Diagnostics Test—provides the capability to test functionality of all the major hardware components in the
system. The Test feature is designed to be flexible to enable the user to customize test selections by providing different
modes and types of testing.
Quick Test—provides a predetermined script where a sample of each hardware component is exercised and requires
no user intervention.
Complete Test—provides a predetermined script where each hardware component is fully tested. You can select
Interactive or Unattended tests. This will change the devices tested during the Complete Test. There are more tests
available in the interactive mode, but these require user intervention.
Custom Test—provides the most flexibility in controlling the testing of a system. The Custom Test mode enables the
user to specifically select which devices, tests, and test parameters are run. Users are provided the ability to select tests
that do not require any user interaction through the Interactive and Unattended tests modes.
5.4.3 Diagnostic Utility on CD
HP Insight Diagnostics is available on the Documentation and Diagnostics CD that was shipped with your HP
Workstation.
To start the diagnostic utility on the Documentation and Diagnostics CD:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Insert the Documentation and Diagnostics CD into the workstation.
Restart your workstation and press the F9 key when the F10=Setup message appears on the screen.
After POST is completed, a list of bootable devices is displayed. Use the arrow keys to select the CD-ROM
Drive and press Enter. The workstation then boots from the selected non-default device for this one time.
When the system boots, HP Insight Diagnostics launches automatically.
95
System Diagnostics and
Troubleshooting
5.4
5.4.4 Download the ISO Image
To download the latest diagnostic utility:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Visit http://www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport.
Select your HP Workstation.
Click the download driver and software link.
Select your OS.
Click the Diagnostic link.
Locate HP Insight Diagnostics and click Download.
NOTE: The downloaded file includes instructions on creating the bootable CD.
5.4.5 User Interface
Navigation
The Insight Diagnostics home page contains the following tabs: Survey, Test, Status, and Log. These tabs separate
the major functions of Insight Diagnostics.
Survey Tab
When the Survey tab is selected, the Survey menu displays and enables you to view important system configuration
information. The Summary view limits the amount of data displayed, while the Advanced view shows all the data
in the selected category. Regardless of whether you choose Advanced or Summary, the following categories of
information are available on the Survey menu:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
All—Gives a listing of all categories of information about the computer.
Overview—Gives you a listing of general information about the computer.
Architecture—Provides system BIOS and PCI device information.
Asset Control—Shows asset tag, system serial number, and processor information.
Communication—Shows information about the computer parallel (LPT) and serial (COM) port settings, plus
USB and network controller information.
Graphics—Shows information about the graphics controller of the computer.
Input Devices—Shows information about the keyboard, mouse, and other input devices connected to the
computer.
Memory—Shows information about all memory in the computer. This includes memory slots on the system
board and any memory modules installed.
Miscellaneous—Shows information obtained from the computer configuration memory (CMOS), system
management BIOS data, system board data, and diagnostics component information.
Storage—Shows information about storage media connected to the computer. This list includes all fixed disks,
diskette drives, and optical drives.
System—Shows information about the system board, processor, chassis, and BIOS, plus internal speaker and
PCI bus information.
Multimedia—Shows information about the system Audio devices
Test Tab
The Test tab allows you to choose various parts of the system to test. You can also choose the type of test and testing
mode.
There are two test modes to choose from:
•
•
Interactive Mode—Provides maximum control over the testing process. The diagnostic software will prompt you
for input during tests that require your interaction.You may also determine whether the test passed or failed.
Unattended Mode—Does not display prompts and requires no interaction. If errors are found, they are displayed
when testing is complete.
The Insight Diagnostics utility provides the capability to test all the major pieces of hardware in the system. You can
select from several types of tests:
•
•
96
Quick Test—Provides a predetermined script where a sample of each hardware component is exercised and
requires no user intervention.
Complete Test—Provides a predetermined script where each hardware component is fully tested. You can
select Interactive or Unattended tests. This will change the devices tested during the Complete Test. There
are more tests available in the interactive mode, but these require user intervention.
System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
•
Custom Test—Provides the most flexibility in controlling the testing of a system. The Custom Test mode allows
the user to specifically select which devices, tests, and test parameters are run. Users are provided the ability to
select tests that do not require any user interaction through the Interactive and Unattended test modes.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Select the Test tab.
On the left side of the tab, select the Type of Test to perform (Quick, Complete, or Custom).
On the left side of the tab, select the Test Mode (Interactive or Unattended).
Select the device to be tested from the drop-down list.
Choose how you want the test to be executed, either Number of Loops or Total Test Time. When choosing
to run the test over a specified number of loops, enter the number of loops to perform. If you desire to have the
diagnostic test for a specified time period, enter the amount of time in minutes.
Click Begin Testing to start the test. The Status tab, which allows you to monitor the progress of the test, is
automatically displayed during the testing process. When the test is complete, the Status tab shows whether the
device passed or failed.
If errors are found, go to the Log tab and click the Error Log to display more detailed information and
recommended actions.
Status Tab
The Status tab displays the status of the selected tests. The type of test executed (for example, Quick, Complete,
Custom) is displayed. The main progress bar displays the percent complete of the current set of tests. While testing is
in progress a Cancel Testing button, which will cancel the test job, is displayed.
After testing has completed, the Cancel Testing button is replaced with a Retest button. The Retest button will retest
the last set of tests executed. This enables you to re-run the set of tests without having to go back to the test selection page.
The Status page also shows:
•
•
•
•
•
The
The
The
The
The
devices being tested.
tests that are running.
overall elapsed time.
individual elapsed test times.
condition status of each test.
Log Tab
The Log tab contains two logs, a Test Log and an Error Log, each of which can be selected from the left side of the
tab.
The Test Log displays all tests that have been executed, the number of times of execution, the number of times the test
failed, and the time it took to complete the test. The Clear Test Log button will clear the contents of the Test Log.
The Error Log displays the tests for devices that have failed during the diagnostic testing and includes the following
columns of information.
•
•
•
•
•
The Description section describes the error that the diagnostic test found. ]
The Recommended Repair will give a recommended action that should be performed to resolve the failed
hardware.
The Failed Count is the number of times the test has failed.
The Error Code provides a numerical code for the failure.
The Clear Error Log button will clear the contents of the Error Log.
Saving and Printing Information in HP Insight Diagnostics
You can save the information displayed in the HP Insight Diagnostics Status and Log tabs to a diskette or a USB 2.0 HP
Drive Key (64MB or higher). You cannot save to the hard drive. The system will automatically create an html file that has
the same appearance as the information displayed on the screen.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Insert a diskette or USB 2.0 HP Drive Key (capacity must be 64MB or higher). USB 1.0 Drive Keys are not
supported.
Click Save in the upper-right corner of the tab.
Select Save to the floppy or Save to USB key.
Enter a file name in the File Name box and click the Save button. An html file will be saved to the inserted
diskette or USB HP Drive Key.
Print the information from the storage device used to save it.
97
System Diagnostics and
Troubleshooting
To begin testing:
NOTE: To exit HP Insight Diagnostics, click Exit in the upper-right corner of the screen then remove the Documentation
and Diagnostics CD from the optical drive.
98
System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
5.5
Troubleshooting Using HP Intelligent Manageability Features
The Local Alert Pop-Up Dialog notifies you of an impending or actual hardware failure. If the workstation is connect to
a network and the HP Insight Management Agents are installed and configured, a Simple Network Management
Protocol (SNMP) trap (message) is sent to the specified SNMP-compliant management application.
Diagnostic Light Codes
This sections provides an overview of the diagnostic lights that are related to your workstation.
NOTE: The beeps are heard through the on-board piezo speaker and not the chassis speaker. The blinking lights and
beeps repeat for five cycles. After that, only the blinking lights repeat.
Table 5-2 Diagnostic Light Codes
Chassis Indicator Lights
Power LED and Sound Activity
Diagnosis and Service Action
None
System does not power on.
System Diagnostics and
Troubleshooting
5.6
Press the power button. If the HDD LED is green:
1. Check that the power supply cables are properly connected to the system board.
2. Remove the expansion cards one at a time.
3. Replace the system board.
Or
Press the power button. If the HDD LED does not illuminate:
1. Check that the unit is plugged into a working AC outlet.
2. Check that the power button harness is properly connected to the in-line front panel I/O
device assembly connector.
3. Check that the power supply cables are properly connected to the system board.
4. Check the power supply functionality.
a. Disconnect the AC power.
b. Remove all internal power supply cables from the system board.
c. Plug in the AC power.
• If the power supply fan spins and the BIST LED lights, the power supply is functional.
Replace the system board.
• If the power supply fan does not spin or the BIST LED does not light, replace the power
supply.
Beeps and blinks RED two times
Thermal shutdown:
1. Ensure the workstation air vents are not blocked and the cooling fans are running.
2. Press the power button, and see if the fans on the CPU heatsinks spin. If they are not
spinning, ensure the fan cable is plugged into the system board. Ensure the CPU heatsinks
are properly seated.
3. If the CPU heatsinks are plugged in and seated but are not spinning, replace the CPU
heatsinks.
4. Reseat the CPU heatsinks and verify the fan assemblies are properly attached.
Beeps and blinks RED 3 times
CPU is not installed:
1. Install CPU.
2. Reseat CPU.
Beeps and blinks RED 4 times
Power supply failure:
1. Locate the faulty device by removing all devices and then reinstalling one at a time until
workstation fails. Replace the device causing the failure. Continue adding devices to ensure
all are functioning properly.
2. Check the power supply functionality.
a. Disconnect AC power.
d. Remove all internal power supply cables from the system board.
e. Plug in AC power.
• If the power supply fan spins and the BIST LED lights, then the power supply is
functional. Replace the system board.
• If the power supply fan does not spin or the BIST LED does not light, replace the power
supply.
99
Table 5-2 Diagnostic Light Codes (continued)
Chassis Indicator Lights (continued)
Power LED and Sound Activity
Diagnosis and Service Action
Beeps and blinks RED 5 times
Pre-video memory error:
1. Reseat memory modules.
2. Replace memory modules one at a time to find the faulty module.
3. Replace third-party modules with HP memory.
4. Replace system board.
Beeps and blinks RED 6 times
Pre-video graphics card error:
For systems with integrated graphics, replace the system board.
For systems with graphic cards:
1. Reseat the graphics card.
2. Replace the graphics card.
3. Replace the system board.
Beeps and blinks RED 7 times
System board failure (ROM detected failure before video).
Replace system board.
Beeps and blinks RED 8 times
Invalid ROM based on bad checksum.
1. Reflash the ROM.
2. Replace the system board.
Beeps and blinks RED 9 times
System powers on but is unable to boot.
1. Replace the system board.
2. Replace the processor.
100 System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting Scenarios and Solutions
This section presents an extensive overview of various troubleshooting scenarios and includes possible solutions for each.
5.7.1
Solving Minor Problems
Table 5-3 Solving Minor Problems
Problem
Cause
Possible Solution
Workstation appears locked up Software control of the power
and does not turn off when the switch is not functional.
power button is pressed.
1. Press and hold the power button for at least four seconds
until the workstation turns off.
Workstation will not respond to
USB keyboard or mouse.
Press the power button to resume from Standby mode.
Workstation is in Standby mode.
2. Disconnect the electrical plug from outlet.
CAUTION: When attempting to resume from Standby mode, do not hold down the power button for more than four
seconds. Otherwise, the workstation will shut down and you will lose your data.
Workstation seems to be locked Program in use has stopped
up.
responding to commands.
1. Attempt the normal shutdown procedure.
2. Press the power button for four or more seconds to turn
off the power.
3. Restart the workstation using the power button.
Workstation does not retain
date and time when powered
off.
Real-time clock (RTC) battery might 1. For Windows, open the control panel and reset the date
need to be replaced.
and time.
Workstation appears to pause
periodically.
Network driver is loaded and no
Establish a network connection, or use Computer Setup or
network connection is established. Microsoft Windows Device Manager to disable the network
controller.
2. Replace the RTC battery.
Cursor does not move using the The Num Lock key might be on.
arrow keys on the keypad.
Press the Num Lock key. The Num Lock key can be
disabled (or enabled) in Computer Setup.
Poor performance is
experienced.
1. Be sure airflow to the workstation is not blocked.
Processor is hot.
2. Be sure the fans are connected and working properly
(some fans only operate when needed).
3. Be sure the CPU heatsink is installed properly.
Workstation powered off
automatically and beeps and
blink RED twice.
There is not enough memory.
Add more memory.
Hard drive is full.
Transfer data from the hard drive to create more space on
the hard drive.
Processor thermal protection
activated:
1. Be sure workstation air vents are not blocked and the
cooling fan is running.
A fan might be blocked or not
turning.
2. Open hood, press power button, and see if the processor
fan spins. If not spinning, be sure the fan’s cable is
plugged onto the system board header. Be sure the fan is
fully/properly seated or installed.
OR
The CPU heatsink is not properly
attached to the processor.
3. Replace the processor fan.
4. Reseat CPU heatsink and verify that the fan assembly is
properly attached.
101
System Diagnostics and
Troubleshooting
5.7
Table 5-3 Solving Minor Problems
Problem
Cause
Possible Solution
System does not power on and
the LEDs on the front of the
workstation are not flashing.
System is unable to power on.
Press and hold the power button for less than four seconds. If
the hard drive LED turns green:
1. Check that the power supply cables are properly
connected to the system board.
2. Remove the expansion cards.
3. Replace the system board.
OR
Press and hold the power button for less than four seconds. If
the hard drive LED does not illuminate:
1. Check that the unit is plugged into a working AC outlet.
2. Open the access panel and check that the power button
harness is properly connected to the in-line front panel I/
O device assembly connector.
3. Check that the power supply cables are properly
connected to the system board.
4. Check the power supply functionality.
a. Disconnect the AC power.
f. Remove all internal power supply cables from the system
board.
g. Plug in the AC power.
• If the power supply fan spins and the BIST LED lights,
the power supply is functional, so replace the system
board.
• If the power supply fan does not spin or the BIST LED
does not light, replace the power supply.
102 System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
5.7.2
Solving Power Supply Problems
Testing Power Supply
Before replacing the power supply, use the Built-In Self-Test (BIST) feature to learn if the power supply still works.
To test the power supply:
Disconnect all internal power supply cables.
Plug in the AC power.
•
If the green BIST LED on the rear of the workstation is lit AND the fan is spinning, the power supply is
functional.
•
If the green BIST LED is not lit OR the fan is not spinning, replace the power supply.
System Diagnostics and
Troubleshooting
1.
2.
Table 5-4 Power Supply Problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
Power supply shuts down
intermittently.
Power supply fault.
Replace the power supply.
Workstation powered off
automatically and beeps and blinks
RED two times
Processor thermal protection
activated:
1. Be sure that the workstation air vents are not blocked
and the cooling fan is running.
A fan might be blocked or not
turning.
2. Open the access panel, press the power button, and
see if the fan on the heatsink spins. If the fan is not
spinning, be sure the heatsink cable is plugged into the
system board header. Be sure the fan is properly
seated or installed.
OR
The CPU heatsink assembly is
not properly attached to the
processor.
3. Replace the CPU heatsink.
4. Reseat the CPU heatsink and verify that the fan
assembly is properly attached.
103
5.7.3
Solving Diskette Problems
Table 5-5 Diskette Problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
Diskette drive light stays on.
Diskette is damaged.
In Windows, open Explorer and select File >
Properties > Tools. Under Error-checking, click
Check Now.
Diskette is incorrectly inserted.
Remove diskette and reinsert.
Files on diskette are damaged.
Reload files on new diskette.
Drive cable is not properly
connected.
Reconnect power cable. Be sure that all four pins are
connected.
Cable is loose.
Reseat diskette drive data and power cables.
Removable drive is not seated
properly.
Reseat the drive.
Diskette is not formatted.
Format the diskette.
Diskette is write-protected.
Use another diskette or remove the write protection.
Writing to the wrong drive.
Check the drive letter in the path statement.
Not enough space is left on the
diskette.
Use another diskette.
Drive not found.
Diskette drive cannot write to a
diskette.
Diskette write control is enabled. Use Computer Setup to check the storage security feature
disabled settings.
Diskette is damaged.
104 System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
Replace the damaged disk.
Table 5-5 Diskette Problems (continued)
Problem
Cause
Solution
Cannot format diskette.
Invalid media reported.
When formatting a disk in MS-DOS, you might need to
specify diskette capacity. For example, to format a 1.44MB diskette, enter the following command at the MSDOS prompt:
FORMAT A: /F:1440
A problem has occurred with a disk
transaction.
The directory structure is bad, or In Windows, right-click Start > Explore, and select a
there is a problem with a file.
drive. Select File > Properties > Tools. Under Errorchecking, click Check Now.
Diskette drive cannot read a diskette. Diskette is not formatted.
Format the diskette.
You are reading the wrong drive. Check the drive letter in the path statement.
Diskette is damaged.
“Invalid system disk” message is
displayed.
Cannot Boot from Diskette.
Replace the diskette with a new one.
A diskette that does not contain When drive activity stops, remove the diskette and press
the Spacebar. The workstation should start up.
the system files needed to start
the workstation has been inserted
in the drive.
Diskette error has occurred.
Restart the workstation by pressing the power button.
Diskette is not bootable.
Replace with a bootable diskette.
Diskette boot has been disabled
in Computer Setup.
Run Computer Setup and enable diskette boot in
Storage > Boot Order.
Removable media boot has been Run Computer Setup and enable Removable Media Boot
disabled in Computer Setup.
in Storage > Storage Options.
105
System Diagnostics and
Troubleshooting
You are using the wrong diskette Check the type of drive that you are using and use the
type for the drive type.
correct diskette type.
5.7.4
Solving Hard Drive Problems
Table 5-6 Hard Drive Problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
Hard drive error occurs.
Hard disk has bad sectors or
has failed.
Use a utility to locate and block usage of bad sectors. If
necessary, reformat the hard disk.
Disk transaction problem.
Either the directory structure is
In Windows, open Explorer, select a drive, and select File
bad or there is a problem with a > Properties > Tools. Under Error-checking, click
file.
Check Now.
Drive not found (identified).
Loose cable.
Check cable connections.
The system might not have
automatically recognized a
newly installed device.
1. Run Computer Setup.
2. If the system still does not recognize the new device,
check to see if the device is listed within Computer
Setup. If it is listed, the probable cause is a driver
problem. If it is not listed, the probable cause is a
hardware problem.
3. If this is a newly installed drive, enter Setup and try
adding a POST delay under Advanced > PowerOn.
Nonsystem disk/NTLDR missing
message.
Drive’s SATA controller is
disabled in Computer Setup.
Run Computer Setup and enable the SATA controllers in
Storage>Storage Options.
Drive’s SCSI controller is
disabled in Computer Setup.
Run Computer Setup and enable the SCSI controllers in
Storage>Storage Options.
Drive responds slowly
immediately after power-up.
Run Computer Setup and increase the POST Delay in
Advanced > Power-On Options.
System is trying to start from a
non-bootable diskette.
Remove the diskette from the diskette drive.
System files missing or not
properly installed.
1. Insert a bootable system diskette and restart.
2. Verify hard drive is partitioned and formatted.
3. Install system files for the appropriate operating system,
if necessary.
Workstation does not start.
Hard drive boot disabled in
Computer Setup.
Run Computer Setup and enable the hard drive entry in the
Storage Options list.
Hard drive is damaged.
Observe the beeps and LED lights on the front of the
workstation. Refer to section 5.8 “Power On Self Test
(POST) and Error Messages”.
106 System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
5.7.5
Solving Display Problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
Blank screen (no video).
The cable connections are not
correct.
Check the cable connections from the monitor to the
workstation and to a working electrical outlet.
The monitor is off.
Switch the monitor to on (LED is on). You might need to
refer to the monitor manual for an explanation of the LED
signals.
Screen blanking utility installed
or energy saver features
enabled.
Press any key or click the mouse button and, if set, enter
your password.
System ROM is bad; system is
running in FailSafe Boot Block
mode (indicated by eight
beeps).
Reflash the ROM using a ROMPaq diskette.
Computer is in Standby mode.
Press the power button to resume from Standby mode.
CAUTION: When attempting to resume from Standby mode, do not hold down the power button for more than four seconds.
Otherwise, the workstation will shut down and you will lose your data.
Monitor settings in the
workstation are not compatible
with the monitor.
1. Restart the workstation and press F8 during startup
when you see “Press F8” in the bottom-right corner of
the screen.
2. Using the keyboard arrow keys, select Enable VGA
Mode and press Enter.
3. In Windows Control Panel, double-click the Display
icon and select the Settings tab.
4. Use the sliding control to reset the resolution.
The display works properly during
the POST but goes blank when the
OS starts.
The display settings in the OS
are incompatible with your
graphics card and monitor.
1. Restart your workstation in VGA mode.
2. After the OS starts, change the display settings to
match those supported by your graphics card and
monitor.
3. Refer to your OS and graphics card documentation for
information on changing display settings.
Monitor does not function properly
when used with energy saver
features.
Monitor without energy saver
capabilities is being used with
energy saver features enabled.
Disable monitor energy saver feature.
Dim characters.
The brightness and contrast
controls are not set properly.
Adjust the monitor brightness and contrast controls.
Cables are not properly
connected.
Check that the graphics cable is securely connected to the
graphics card and the monitor.
If the graphics controller was
upgraded, the correct video
drivers might not be loaded.
Install the video drivers included in the upgrade kit.
Blurry video or requested resolution
cannot be set.
Monitor is not capable of
Change requested resolution.
displaying requested resolution.
The picture is broken up, rolls, jitters, The monitor connections might
or flashes.
be incomplete or the monitor
might be incorrectly adjusted.
1. Be sure the monitor cable is securely connected to the
workstation.
2. In a two-monitor system or if another monitor is in close
proximity, be sure the monitors are not interfering with
each other’s electromagnetic field by moving them
apart.
3. Fluorescent lights or fans might be too close to the
monitor.
Vibrating or rattling noise coming
from inside a CRT monitor when
powered on.
Monitor must be degaussed.
Degauss the monitor.
Monitor degaussing coil has
been activated.
None. It is normal for the degaussing coil to be activated
when the monitor is powered on.
Clicking noise coming from inside a Electronic relays have been
CRT monitor.
activated inside the monitor.
None. It is normal for some monitors to make a clicking
noise when turned on and off, when going in and out of
Standby mode, and when changing resolutions.
107
System Diagnostics and
Troubleshooting
Table 5-7 Display Problems
Table 5-7 Display Problems (continued)
Problem
Cause
Solution
High-pitched noise coming from
inside a flat panel monitor.
Brightness and contrast settings
are too high.
Lower brightness and contrast settings.
Fuzzy focus; streaking, ghosting, or
shadowing effects; horizontal
scrolling lines; faint vertical bars; or
unable to center the picture on the
screen. (Flat panel monitors using an
analog VGA input connection only.)
1. Select the monitor’s Auto-Adjustment option in the
Flat panel monitor’s internal
monitor’s on-screen display menu.
digital conversion circuits might
be unable to correctly interpret 2. Go to the HP Support Web site and check for an
the output synchronization of the
updated display driver.
graphics card.
Certain typed symbols do not
appear correct.
The font you are using does not Use the Character Map to locate the and select the
support that particular symbol. appropriate symbol. Click Start > All Programs >
Accessories > System Tools > Character Map. You
can copy the symbol from the Character Map into
a document.
108 System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
5.7.6
Solving Audio Problems
Table 5-8 Audio Problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
Sound does not come out of the
speaker or headphones.
Software volume control is
turned down.
Double-click the Speaker icon on the taskbar and use the
volume slider to adjust the volume.
The external speakers are not
turned on.
Turn on the external speakers.
External speakers plugged into
the wrong audio jack.
See the sound card documentation for proper speaker
connection.
Audio cable is not connected.
Connect the audio cable between the CD or DVD-ROM
drive and the system board.
System Diagnostics and
Troubleshooting
Digital CD audio is not enabled. Enable digital CD audio:
1. Open the Control Panel and select System.
2. On the Hardware tab, click the Device Manager
button.
3. Right-click the CD/DVD device and select
Properties.
4. On the Properties tab, be sure “Enable digital CD
audio for this CD-ROM device” is selected.
Headphones or devices
connected to the line-out
connector mute the internal
speaker.
Turn on and use headphones or external speakers, if
connected, or disconnect headphones or external
speakers.
Volume is muted.
1. Open the Control Panel, click Sound, Speech and
Audio Devices, then click Sounds and Audio
Devices.
2. Deselect the Mute checkbox.
Computer is in Standby mode.
Press the power button to resume from Standby mode.
CAUTION: When attempting to resume from Standby mode, do not hold down the power button for more than four seconds.
Otherwise, the workstation will shut down and you will lose your data.
Noise or no sound comes out of the
speakers or headphones.
1. If using digital speakers that have a stereo jack and
want the system to auto-switch to digital, use a stereoto-mono adapter to properly engage the auto-sense
feature or use the multimedia device properties
to manually switch the audio signal from analog to
digital.
2. If the headphones have a mono jack, use the
multimedia device properties to switch the system to
analog out.
NOTE: If you set digital as the Output Mode, the internal speaker and external analog speakers will no longer output audio until
you switch back to an auto-sense or analog mode.
If you set analog as the Output Mode, external digital speakers will not function until you change the output mode back to an autosense or digital mode.
Sound cuts in and out.
Processor resources are being
used by other open
applications.
Shut down all open processor-intensive applications.
Workstation appears to be locked
up while recording audio.
The hard disk might be full.
1. Before recording, be sure there is enough free space
on the hard disk.
2. Try recording the audio file in a compressed format.
109
5.7.7
Solving Printer Problems
Table 5-9 Printer Problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
Printer does not print.
Printer is not turned on and
online.
Turn the printer on and be sure it is online.
Printer is out of paper.
Add paper to printer.
The correct printer driver for the 1. Install the correct printer driver for the application.
application are not installed.
2. Try printing using the MS-DOS command:
DIR C:\ > [printer port]
where [printer port] is the address of the printer
being used. If the printer works, reload the printer
driver.
If you are on a network, you
might not have made the
connection to the printer.
Make the proper network connections to the printer.
Printer might have failed.
Run printer self-test.
Printer does not turn on.
The cables might not be
connected properly.
Reconnect all cables.
Printer prints garbled information.
The correct printer driver is not
installed.
Install the correct printer driver for the application.
The cables might not be
connected properly.
Reconnect all cables.
Printer memory might be
overloaded.
Reset the printer by turning it off for one minute, then turn it
back on.
110 System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
5.7.8
Solving Keyboard and Mouse Problems
Table 5-10 Keyboard and Mouse Problems
Problem
Cause
Keyboard commands and typing are Keyboard connector is not
not recognized by the workstation. properly connected.
Solution
1. Shut down the workstation.
2. Reconnect the keyboard to the back of the workstation
and restart the workstation.
Program in use has stopped
responding to commands.
Shut down the workstation using the mouse and then
restart the workstation.
Keyboard needs repairs.
Replace the keyboard.
Keyboard key is stuck down.
Remove any debris from the keyboard.
WARNING: When attempting to resume from Standby mode, do not hold down the power button for more than four seconds.
Otherwise, the workstation will shut down and you will lose your data.
Cursor will not move using the arrow The Num Lock key might be
keys on the keypad.
on.
Mouse does not respond to
movement or is too slow.
Press the Num Lock key. The Num Lock light should not
be on if you want to use the arrow keys. The Num Lock
key can be disabled (or enabled) in Computer Setup.
Mouse connector is not properly 1. Shut down the workstation using the keyboard.
plugged into the back of the
2. Plug the mouse connector into the PS/2 mouse
workstation.
connector slot in the workstation and restart the
workstation.
You need to increase mouse
acceleration.
1. In Windows, click Start > Control Panel and
double-click Mouse.
2. Select the Motion tab and adjust the speed.
Program in use has stopped
responding to commands.
Shut down the workstation using the keyboard and then
restart the workstation.
Mouse needs repairs.
Replace the mouse.
Workstation is in Standby mode. Press the power button to resume from Standby mode.
CAUTION: When attempting to resume from Standby mode, do not hold down the power button for more than four seconds.
Otherwise, the workstation will shut down and you will lose your data.
Mouse will only move vertically or
horizontally, or movement is jerky.
Mouse roller ball is dirty.
Remove roller ball cover from the bottom of the mouse and
clean it.
111
System Diagnostics and
Troubleshooting
Workstation is in Standby mode. Press the power button to resume from Standby mode.
5.7.9
Solving Front Panel Component Problems
If you are experiencing problems with one of the front panel ports, you might be able to try your device in the
corresponding port on the back side of the computer. If this does not fix the problem, or you must use the front panel
ports, continue troubleshooting.
Some problems in this section are also discussed in other troubleshooting suggestions in this chapter.
Table 5-11 Front Panel Component Problems
Problem
Cause
A USB device, headphone, or
It is not properly connected.
microphone is not recognized by the
workstation.
Solution
Reconnect the device to the front of the workstation and
restart the workstation.
The device does not have
power.
If the USB device requires AC power, be sure one end is
connected to the device and one end is connected to a live
outlet.
The correct device driver is not
installed.
1. Install the correct driver for the device.
2. You might need to reboot the workstation.
The cable from the device to the If possible, replace the cable.
computer does not work.
The device is not working.
A USB, audio, and IEEE-1394
devices are not working.
Replace the device.
The internal cables might not be 1. Turn off the workstation.
connected to the system board 2. Connect the cables correctly.
or the PCI card.
A device in the IEEE-1394 port is not Cables of new external device
responsive.
are loose or power cables are
unplugged.
The power switch on the device
is not turned on.
112 System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
Be sure that all cables are properly and securely
connected.
Turn off the workstation, turn on the external device, then
turn on the workstation to integrate the device with the
workstation system.
5.7.10 Solving Hardware Installation Problems
You might need to reconfigure the workstation when you add or remove hardware, such as an additional diskette drive.
If you install a PnP device, Windows XP automatically recognizes the device and configures the workstation. If you install
a non-PnP device, you must reconfigure the workstation after completing installation of the new hardware. In Windows
XP, use the Add Hardware Wizard and follow the on-screen instructions.
Problem
Cause
Solution
A new device is not recognized as
part of the system.
Device is not seated or
connected properly.
Be sure that the device is properly and securely connected
and that pins in the connector are not bent down.
Cables of new external device
are loose or power cables are
unplugged.
Be sure that all cables are properly and securely connected
and that pins in the cable or connector are not bent down.
Power switch of new external
device is not turned on.
Restart the workstation, turn on the external device, then
turn on the workstation to integrate the device with the
workstation system.
When the system advised you of Reboot the workstation and follow the instructions for
changes to the configuration,
accepting the changes.
you did not accept them.
A PnP board might not
automatically configure when
added if the default
configuration conflicts with other
devices.
Use Windows XP Device Manager to deselect the
automatic settings for the board and choose a basic
configuration that does not cause a resource conflict. You
can also use Computer Setup to reconfigure or disable
devices to resolve the resource conflict.
Device hardware is not properly Read the device-specific configuration information and
jumpered or otherwise
check for incorrect settings or conflicts with other devices
configured.
already installed in the system.
Workstation will not start.
Wrong memory modules were 1. Review the documentation that came with the system to
determine if you are using the correct memory modules
used in the upgrade or memory
and to verify the proper installation.
modules were installed in the
wrong location.
2. Observe the beeps and LED lights on the front of the
workstation. Refer to section 5.8 “Power On Self Test
(POST) and Error Messages” to determine possible
causes.
113
System Diagnostics and
Troubleshooting
Table 5-12 Hardware Installation Problems
5.7.11 Solving Network Problems
These guidelines do not discuss the process of debugging the network cabling.
Table 5-13 Network Problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
Wake-on-LAN feature is not
functioning.
Wake-on-LAN is not enabled.
Use the Network control application to enable Wake-onLAN.
Network driver does not detect
network controller.
Network controller is disabled.
Run Computer Setup and enable network controller.
Incorrect network driver.
Check the network controller documentation for the
correct driver or obtain the latest driver from the
manufacturer’s Web site.
Network status link light does not
turn on or it never flashes.
No active network is detected.
Check cabling and network equipment for proper
connection.
The network status light should
flash when there is network
activity.
Network controller is not set up
properly.
Use the Network control application to verify that the
device is working properly.
Network driver is not properly
loaded.
Reinstall network drivers.
System cannot autosense the
network.
Disable auto-sensing capabilities and force the system
into the correct operating mode.
Diagnostics reports a failure.
The cable is not securely connected. Be sure that both ends of the data cable are securely
connected.
The cable is attached to the
incorrect connector.
Be sure that the cable is attached to the correct connector.
There is a problem with the cable or Be sure that the cable and device at the other end are
a device at the other end of the
operating correctly.
cable.
Network controller interrupt is
shared with an expansion board.
Under the Computer Setup Advanced menu, change the
resource settings for the board.
The network controller is defective.
Replace the NIC.
Diagnostics passes, but the
Network drivers are not loaded, or 1. Be sure the network drivers are loaded and that the
workstation does not communicate driver parameters do not match
driver parameters match the configuration of the
with the network.
current configuration.
network controller.
2. Be sure the correct network client and protocol is
installed.
Network controller stopped
working when an expansion
board was added to the
workstation.
Network controller stops working
without apparent cause.
The network controller is not
configured for this workstation.
Select the Network icon in the Control Panel and
configure the network controller.
Network controller interrupt is
shared with an expansion board.
Under the Computer Setup Advanced menu, change the
resource settings for the board.
The network controller requires
drivers.
Verify that the drivers were not accidentally deleted when
the drivers for a new expansion board were installed.
The expansion board installed is a
network card (NIC) and conflicts
with the embedded NIC.
Under the Computer Setup Advanced menu, change the
resource settings for the board.
The files containing the network
drivers are corrupted.
Reinstall the network drivers, using the Restore Plus! CD.
The cable is not securely connected. Be sure that both ends of the cable are securely attached
to the correct devices.
The network controller is defective.
New network card will not boot.
Replace the NIC.
Install a working, industry-standard NIC, or change the
New network card might be
defective or might not meet industry- boot sequence to boot from another source.
standard specifications.
Cannot connect to network server The network controller is not
configured properly.
when attempting Remote System
Installation.
114 System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
Verify Network Connectivity, that a DHCP Server is
present, and that the Remote System Installation Server
contains the NIC drivers for your NIC.
Problem
Cause
Solution
System setup utility reports
unprogrammed EEPROM.
Unprogrammed EEPROM.
Flash the ROM. See section 3.2.4 “ROM Flash”.
System Diagnostics and
Troubleshooting
Table 5-13 Network Problems (continued)
115
5.7.12 Solving Memory Problems
CAUTION: For those systems that support ECC memory, HP does not support mixing ECC and non-ECC memory.
Otherwise, the system will not boot the operating system.
Table 5-14 Memory Problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
System will not boot or does not
function properly after installing
additional memory modules.
Replace module with the correct industry-standard device
Memory module is not the
correct type or speed or the new for the workstation.
memory module is not seated
properly.
On some models, ECC and non-ECC memory modules
cannot be mixed.
Out of memory error.
Memory configuration might not Use the Device Manager to check memory configuration.
be set up correctly.
You have run out of memory to
run the application.
Check the application documentation to determine the
memory requirements.
Memory count during POST is
wrong.
The memory modules might not
be installed correctly.
Check that the memory modules have been installed
correctly and that proper modules are used.
Insufficient memory error during
operation.
Too many Terminate and Stay
Resident programs (TSRs) are
installed.
Delete any TSRs that you do not need.
You have run out of memory for Check the memory requirements for the application or add
the application.
more memory to the workstation.
Beeps and power LED flashes RED
five times.
Memory is installed incorrectly
or is bad.
1. Reseat DIMMs.
2. Replace DIMMs one at a time to isolate the faulty
module.
3. Replace third-party memory with HP memory.
4. Replace the system board.
More than 2GB of RAM is installed, Memory remapping is enabled. Enter Computer Setup (F10) and disable memory
yet the 32-bit OS only sees 2GB.
remapping: Advanced > Chipset/Memory.
A total of 4GB of RAM is installed,
yet the 32-bit OS only sees about
3GB.
A 32-bit OS is limited by 4GB of Your options are limited. You might try using a video card
that uses less on-board memory.
address space, and some of
space is used by
I/O devices.
A 64-bit OS does not see all
installed memory.
Memory remapping is disabled. Enter Computer Setup (F10) and enable memory
remapping: Advanced > Bus Options > Memory
Remapping.
116 System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
5.7.13 Solving Processor Problems
.
Table 5-15 Processor Problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
Poor performance is experienced.
Processor is hot.
1. Be sure the airflow to the workstation is not blocked.
2. Be sure the fans are connected and working properly
(some fans only operate when needed).
3. Be sure the CPU heatsink is installed properly.
Processor is not seated properly 1. Check to see that the processor is present.
or not installed.
2. Reseat the processor.
System Diagnostics and
Troubleshooting
Power LED is RED and stays on.
117
5.7.14 Solving CD-ROM and DVD Problems
Table 5-16 CD-ROM and DVD Problems
Problem
Cause
System will not boot from CD-ROM
or DVD drive.
The CD-ROM or DVD boot is not Run the Computer Setup utility and enable booting to
enabled through the Computer removable media and verify boot order settings.
Setup utility.
CD-ROM or DVD devices are not
detected or driver is not loaded.
Solution
Non-bootable CD in drive.
Try a bootable CD in the drive.
Drive is not connected properly
or not properly configured.
1. Reconnect power and data cables to the drive.
2. Install correct device driver.
Movie will not play in the DVD drive. Movie might be regionalized for See the documentation that came with the DVD drive.
a different country.
Decoder software is not
installed.
Cannot eject compact disc (tray-load Disc not properly seated in the
unit).
drive.
Install decoder software.
1. Shut down the workstation and insert a thin metal rod
into the emergency eject hole and push firmly.
2. Slowly pull the tray out from the drive until the tray is
fully extended, then remove the disc.
CD-ROM, CD-RW, DVD-ROM, or
CD has been inserted upside
DVD-R/RW drive cannot read a disc down.
or takes too long to start.
The DVD-ROM drive takes
longer to start because it has to
determine the type of media
played, such as audio or video.
Re-insert the CD with the label facing up.
Wait at least 30 seconds to let the DVD-ROM drive
determine the type of media being played. If the disc still
does not start, read the other solutions listed for this topic.
CD or DVD disc is dirty.
Clean CD or DVD with a CD cleaning kit.
Windows does not detect the
CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive.
1. Use Device Manager to remove or uninstall the device
in question.
2. Restart the workstation and let Windows detect the
device.
Recording audio CDs is difficult or
impossible.
Wrong or poor quality media
type.
1. Try using a slower recording speed.
2. Verify that you are using the correct media for the drive.
3. Try a different brand of media. Quality varies widely
between manufacturers.
118 System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
5.7.15 Solving Internet Access Problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
Unable to connect to the Internet.
Internet Service Provider (ISP)
account is not set up properly.
Verify Internet settings or contact the ISP for assistance.
Modem is not set up properly.
Reconnect the modem. Verify the connections are correct
using the quick setup documentation.
Web browser is not set up
properly.
Verify that the Web browser is installed and set up to work
with your ISP.
Cable/DSL modem is not
plugged in.
Plug in cable/DSL modem. You should see a “power” LED
light on the front of the cable/DSL modem.
Cable/DSL service is not
Try connecting to the Internet at a later time or contact your
available or has been
ISP. (If the cable/DSL service is connected, the “cable” LED
interrupted due to bad weather. light on the front of the cable/DSL modem will be on.)
The network cable is
disconnected.
Connect the network cable between the cable modem and
the workstation’s RJ-45 connector. (If the connection works,
the “PC” LED light on the front of the cable/DSL modem
will be on.)
IP address is not configured
properly.
Contact the ISP for the correct IP address.
Cookies are corrupted.
In Windows, open the Control Panel and double-click
Internet Options. On the General tab, click the Delete
Cookies button.
Cannot automatically launch Internet You must log on to the ISP
Log on to the ISP and launch the desired program.
programs.
before some programs will start.
Internet takes too long to download
Web sites.
Modem is not set up properly.
Verify that the correct modem speed and COM port are
selected.
For Windows:
1. Open the Control Panel.
2. Double-click System.
3. Select the Hardware tab.
4. In the Device Manager area, click the Device
Manager button.
5. Double-click Ports (COM & LPT).
6. Right-click the COM port your modem uses, then click
Properties.
7. Under Device status, verify that the modem is working
properly.
8. Under Device usage, verify the modem is enabled.
9. If there are further problems, click the Troubleshoot
button and follow the on-screen instructions.
119
System Diagnostics and
Troubleshooting
Table 5-17 Internet Access Problems
5.8
Power On Self Test (POST) and Error Messages
POST is a series of diagnostic tests that runs automatically when the system is turned on. An audible, visual, or both
message occurs if the POST encounters a problem. POST checks the following items to ensure that the workstation system
is functioning properly:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Keyboard
Memory modules
Diskette drives
All SATA and SCSI mass storage devices
Processors
Controllers
NOTE: If the Power-On Password is set, a key icon appears on the screen while POST is running. You must enter the
password before continuing.
Table 5-18 POST Error Messages
Screen Message
Probable Cause
Recommended Action
101—Option ROM Error
System ROM checksum.
Verify the correct ROM.
1. Flash the ROM, if needed.
2. If an expansion card was recently added, remove it
and see if the problem remains.
3. Clear CMOS.
4. If the message disappears, there might be
a problem with the expansion card.
5. Replace the system board.
102—System Board Failure
DMA, timers, etc.
1. Clear CMOS.
2. Remove expansion boards.
3. Replace the system board.
110—Out of Memory for
Option ROMs
Option ROM for a device was unable to Run Computer Setup and disable unneeded devices
run due to memory constraints.
from Advanced > Onboard Devices. Or, disable
option ROMs from Advanced > Device Options.
162—System Options Not Set
Configuration incorrect. RTC battery
might need to be replaced.
1. Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
2. Set the date and time under Control Panel or in F10
Setup depending on the operating system.
3. If the problem persists, replace the RTC battery.
163—Time and Date Not Set
Invalid time or date in configuration
memory.
1. Set the date and time under Control Panel or in F10
Setup depending on the operating system.
RTC (real-time clock) battery might need 2. If the problem persists, replace the RTC battery.
to be replaced.
CMOS jumper might not be properly
installed.
164—Memory Size Error
Memory configuration is incorrect.
1. Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup) or Windows
utilities.
2. Be sure memory modules are installed properly.
3. If third-party memory has been added, test using HP
only memory.
4. Verify proper memory module type.
201—Memory Error
RAM failure.
1. Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup) or Windows
utilities.
2. Be sure that memory modules are installed correctly.
3. Verify proper memory module type.
4. Remove and replace memory module(s) one at a
time to isolate faulty module.
5. Replace the faulty memory module(s).
6. If error persists after replacing memory modules,
replace the system board.
202—Memory Type Mismatch
Memory modules do not match each
other.
120 System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
Replace memory modules with matched sets.
Table 5-18 POST Error Messages (continued)
Screen Message
Probable Cause
207—ECC Corrected Single Bit Single Bit ECC error.
Errors in Memory Socket(s) y,y
Recommended Action
1. Verify proper memory module type.
2. Try another memory socket.
3. Replace memory module if problem persists.
212—Failed Processor
Processor has failed to initialize.
1. Reseat the processor in its socket.
2. If the processor does not respond, replace it.
213—Incompatible memory
Module in memory Socket(s)
X,X, X
1. Verify proper memory module type.
A memory module in memory socket
identified in the error message is missing 2. Try another memory socket.
critical SPD information, or is
3. Replace memory with a module conforming to the
incompatible with the chipset.
SPD standard.
214—DIMM Configuration
Warning
DIMMs not installed correctly (not
paired correctly).
215—Memory Mismatch
Warning
There are one or more mismatched pairs Refer to section 4.19 “Memory” for the correct memory
configurations and reseat the DIMMs accordingly.
of DIMMs between channel A and
channel B. Some memory has been
disabled. Install matching pairs.
301—Keyboard Error
Keyboard failure.
1. Reconnect keyboard with workstation turned off.
2. Check connector for bent or missing pins.
3. Be sure that none of the keys are pressed.
4. Replace keyboard.
303—Keyboard Controller Error I/O board keyboard controller.
1. Reconnect keyboard with workstation turned off.
2. Replace the system board.
304—Keyboard or System Unit
Error
Keyboard failure.
1. Reconnect the keyboard with workstation turned off.
2. Be sure that none of the keys are pressed.
3. Replace keyboard.
4. Replace system board.
402—Parallel Port 2 Address
Assignment Conflict
IRQ address conflicts with another
device.
Reset the IRQ.
501—Display Adapter Failure
Graphics display controller.
1. Reseat the graphics card (if applicable).
2. If using PCI Express card with auxiliary power
cable, be sure it is attached.
3. Clear CMOS.
4. Verify that the monitor is attached and turned on.
5. Replace the graphics controller.
510—Splash Screen image
corrupted
Splash Screen image has errors.
Install latest version of ROMPaq to restore image.
511—CPU0 or CPU1 Fan not
detected
Fan is not connected or might have
malfunctioned.
1. Reseat fan cable.
2. Reseat the fan.
3. Replace the fan.
512—Chassis, rear chassis, or
front chassis fan not detected
Fan is not connected, might have
malfunctioned.
1. Reseat chassis, rear chassis, or front chassis fan
cable.
2. Reseat chassis, rear chassis, or front chassis fan.
3. Replace chassis, rear chassis, or front chassis fan.
601—Diskette Controller Error
Diskette controller circuitry or diskette
drive circuitry incorrect.
1. Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
2. Check and replace cables.
3. Clear CMOS.
4. Replace diskette drive.
5. Replace the system board.
605—Diskette Drive Type Error
Mismatch in drive type.
1. Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
2. Disconnect any other diskette controller devices
(tape drives).
3. Clear CMOS.
121
System Diagnostics and
Troubleshooting
Refer to section 4.19 “Memory” for the correct memory
configurations and reseat the DIMMs accordingly.
Table 5-18 POST Error Messages (continued)
Screen Message
Probable Cause
Recommended Action
611—Primary Diskette Port
Address Assignment Conflict
Configuration error.
1. Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
2. Remove expansion cards.
3. Clear CMOS.
912—Computer Cover Has
Been Removed Since Last
System Start Up
Access panel has been removed.
No action required.
917—Front Audio Not
Connected
The front audio cable is not connected.
Connect front audio cable.
918—Front USB Not Connected Front USB is not connected.
Connect front USB cable.
921—Device in PCI Express Slot PCI Express cards not seated properly.
failed to initialize
Reseat all PCI Express cards in their PCI Express slots. If
the problem persists, contact the PCI Express card
vendor.
940—Extended ROM signature The signature at the start of the ROM
Run ROMPaq again.
not found
flash is missing. Your firmware (BIOS) is
incomplete.
960—CPU Overtemp occurred
The ambient temperature could exceed
operating limits (maximum=95°F), or
there are obstructions to airflow,
including dust build up.
1. Be sure you are not operating the system in an
environment that exceeds 95°F.
2. Disconnect power and open the access panel.
3. Check that cables are not blocking CPU heatsink
fans or front fan, if installed.
4. Check that there is not excessive dust on major
components.
5. If airflow is acceptable and there is not excessive
dust, the thermal sensing circuitry has failed on the
processors or on the system board. You must
replace the processors, system board, or both.
1155—Serial Port Address
Conflict Detected
Both external and internal serial ports
are assigned to same IRQ.
1. Remove any Comm port expansion cards.
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Reconfigure card resources and run Computer Setup
(F10 Setup). Run Computer Setup or Windows
utilities.
1720 SMART Hard Drive Detect Hard drive is about to fail. (Some hard 1. Determine if hard drive is giving correct error
Imminent Failure
drives have a firmware patch that will fix
message. Run the Drive Protection System test, if
an erroneous error message.)
applicable.
2. Apply firmware patch if applicable (see
http://www.hp.com/support).
3. Back up contents and replace hard drive.
1721—SMART SCSI Hard Drive Hard drive is about to fail. (Some hard 1. Determine if hard drive is giving correct error
detects imminent failure
drives have a firmware patch that will fix
message. Run the Drive Protection System test if
an erroneous error message.)
applicable.
2. Apply firmware patch if applicable (see
http://www.hp.com/support).
3. Back up contents and replace hard drive.
1780—Disk 0 Failure
The drive is not installed correctly or has 1. Make sure that any jumpers are set correctly, and
failed.
that power and drive cables are connected, both to
the drive and the system board.
2. Verify that the cables are the correct cables for your
computer model.
If this message persists, you might need service for your
workstation.
1781—Disk 1 Failure
The drive is not installed correctly or has 1. Make sure that any jumpers are set correctly, and
failed.
that power and drive cables are connected, both to
the drive and the system board.
2. Verify that the cables are the correct cables for your
computer model.
If this message persists, you may need service for your
workstation.
122 System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
Table 5-18 POST Error Messages (continued)
Screen Message
Probable Cause
Recommended Action
1782—Disk Controller Failure
Hard drive circuitry error.
1. Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Check cable seating/jumper settings.
4. Run hard drive diagnostics.
5. Disconnect additional drives.
6. Run the Drive Protection System test, if available.
7. Replace the hard drive.
8. Replace the system board.
The drive is not installed correctly or has 1. Make sure that any jumpers are set correctly, and
failed.
that power and drive cables are connected, both to
the drive and the system board.
2. Verify that the cables are the correct cables for your
computer model.
If this message persists, you might need service for your
workstation.
1791—Disk 1 Error
The drive is not installed correctly or has 1. Make sure that any jumpers are set correctly, and
failed.
that power and drive cables are connected, both to
the drive and the system board.
2. Verify that the cables are the correct cables for your
computer model.
If this message persists, you might need service for your
workstation.
1792—Secondary Disk
Controller Failure
Hard drive circuitry error.
1. Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Check cable seating/jumper settings.
4. Run hard drive diagnostics.
5. Disconnect additional drives.
6. Run the Drive Protection System test, if available.
7. Replace the hard drive.
1793—Secondary Controller or Hard drive circuitry error.
Disk Failure
1. Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Check cable seating/jumper settings.
4. Run hard drive diagnostics.
5. Disconnect additional drives.
6. Run the Drive Protection System test, if available.
7. Replace the hard drive.
1794—Inaccessible devices
attached to primary IDE
controller
Devices attached to the primary IDE
controller are inaccessible while the
SATA controller is set to “Replace
Primary IDE Controller” in Setup.
1. Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
1800—Temperature Alert
Internal temperature exceeds
specification.
1. Check that workstation air vents are not blocked
and cooling fan is running.
2. Select Storage > Storage Options and set
SATA controller to Add as Separate Controller.
2. Verify processor speed selection.
3. Replace the processor.
4. Replace the system board.
1801—Microcode Patch Error
Processor not supported by ROM BIOS. Upgrade BIOS to proper version.
1802—Processor Not
Supported
The system board does not support the
processor.
Replace the processor with a compatible one.
1803—BIOS Update Needed
for Processor
This BIOS revision does not support the
installed processor.
Install the latest BIOS located at
http://www.hp.com.
Invalid Electronic Serial Number Electronic serial number has become
corrupted.
Run Computer Setup. If Setup already has data in the
field or will not allow the serial number to be entered,
download from http://www.hp.com and run
SP5572.EXE (SNZERO.EXE).
Run Computer Setup and try to enter serial number
under Security, System ID, then save changes.
123
System Diagnostics and
Troubleshooting
1790—Disk 0 Error
Table 5-18 POST Error Messages (continued)
Screen Message
Probable Cause
Recommended Action
ECC Multiple Bit Error Detected Chipset has detected more than one
in Memory Module
bad bit in a 64-bit quadword of the
memory array.
Replace the memory module.
Parity Check 2
Run Computer Setup and Diagnostic utilities.
Parity RAM failure.
124 System Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
SATA Devices
This appendix provides additional information for setting up your SATA hard drives.
•
•
Section A.1 “SATA Guidelines”
Section A.2 “SATA RAID Configurations”
SATA Devices
A
125
A.1
SATA Guidelines
NOTE: These systems support a mixed configuration of SCSI and SATA hard drives. The HP xw4300 Workstation does
not support IDE hard drives.
When installing and operating SATA devices:
•
•
Connect the SATA hard drive from the system board to the hard drive with the SATA cable (326965-006).
If using a SATA controller card, connect the 4-4 pin LED cable (included with SATA controller board) from the
card header “JP1” (4-pin header) to the system board header labeled “HD LED” (4-pin header at P29).
For complete and current information on supported accessories and components, visit
http://partsurfer.hp.com.
A.2
SATA RAID Configurations
This workstation supports an embedded SATA RAID. Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks (RAID) combines multiple
physical drives together to provide either increased performance or increased redundancy.
For an embedded SATA RAID, there are three primary configurations.
•
•
•
•
RAID 0 is a striping configuration. For example, this combines two 80GB drives into one 160GB drive. Both
physical drives can be accessed simultaneously for better performance. This is faster than using two 80GB drives
separately.
RAID 1 is a mirroring configuration. For example, this uses two 80GB drives, but one drive is a complete mirror
of the other drive. The system remains functional and no data is lost if one of the drives should fail.
RAID 0 + 1 is a combination of RAID 0 and RAID 1. The controller combines the performance of data striping
(RAID 0) and the fault tolerance of disk mirroring (RAID 1). Data is striped across multiple drives and duplicated
on another set of drives.
RAID 5 is data striping with rotating parity. For example, three 80GB drives offer 160GB of usable storage, with
the third 80GB drive used to store parity information. Data can be fully recovered if any one of the three drives
fail.
There are other RAID configurations, but they are not supported on an embedded SATA RAID.
NOTE: For information on the integrated SATA RAID, visit http://www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport and review the
supplier’s documentation and HP User Manual for the Integrated NVIDIA SATA RAID Array for Microsoft® Windows®
XP Professional. For information on supported SATA RAID configurations, visit
http://www.hp.com/go/productbulletin.
126 SATA Devices
SCSI Devices
This appendix provides more information for setting up your SCSI hard drive.
•
•
•
•
Section B.1 “SCSI Guidelines”
Section B.2 “Using SCSISelect with SCSI Devices”
Section B.3 “SMART”
Section B.4 “Jumpers”
SCSI Devices
B
127
B.1
SCSI Guidelines
When installing and operating SCSI devices, you must follow these guidelines:
•
•
A wide (68-pin) SCSI controller with two channels, one for internal devices and one for external devices. Five
internal SCSI devices are supported.
If multiple SCSI devices are used, split the devices between Channels A and B for optimum performance. Cable
length for the second channel should not be longer than 18 inches.
CAUTION: Do not route data cables near the air intake to the power supply. Cables routed in this manner can block
the airflow and cause the workstation to overheat.
•
•
•
B.2
All SCSI controllers require a unique SCSI ID (0–15) for each SCSI device installed. Refer to section B.4 for more
information.
Every SCSI chain or circuit must be terminated (closed) at both ends. Some system boards have both ends of the
SCSI cable connected to, and terminated by, the system board. Termination can be accomplished in one of
several ways:
•
Use a cable with a built-in terminator.
•
Use a cable with a terminating resistor plug in the last connector.
•
Connect a SCSI device with its termination enabled into the last connector.
•
Connect an external SCSI device with its termination enabled to the external SCSI connector on the rear
panel of the workstation.
Turn on all external SCSI devices before turning on the power to the workstation. This enables the SCSI controller
to recognize the external devices.
Using SCSISelect with SCSI Devices
The Ultra160 and faster SCSI host adapters include the SCSISelect utility to configure the host adapter and to run the
SCSI disk utilities. To run the SCSISelect utility:
NOTE: The onboard LSI SCSI controller on the xw4300 has an “LSI Logic Configuration Utility” that you access
through Ctrl-C when the LSI option ROM is initializing.
•
•
In POST Messages Enabled mode: Press Ctrl+A when the “Press<Ctrl><A> for SCSISelect Utility” message
appears during POST. The utility will only be present if an Adaptec SCSI card is present.
In POST Messages Disabled mode: When the HP logo screen appears, press any key to exit the logo screen.
Immediately after exiting the logo screen, press Ctrl+A to access the SCSISelect utility. The utility will only be
present if an Adaptec SCSI card is present.
A menu appears with the following options:
•
•
Configure/View Host Adapter Settings
•
SCSI Bus Interface Definitions
•
Host Adapter SCSI ID
•
SCSI Parity Checking
•
Host Adapter SCSI Termination
•
Additional Options
•
Boot Device Options
•
SCSI Device Configuration
•
Advanced Configuration Options
SCSI Disk Utilities
•
Lists all SCSI devices and SCSI ID numbers
NOTE: For additional information about configuring POST message display status, refer to section 3.1.3 “Computer
Setup Menu”.
B.3
SMART
The SMART SCSI hard drives for HP workstations have built-in drive failure prediction that warns the user or the network
administrator of an impending failure or crash of the hard drive. SMART drives track fault prediction and failure
indication parameters, such as re-allocated sector count, spin retry count, and calibration retry count. If the drive
determines that a failure is imminent, it generates a fault alert.
128 SCSI Devices
Jumpers
All SCSI controllers require a unique SCSI ID (0–15) for each SCSI device installed.
The controller identifies a SCSI device by its SCSI ID number rather than its location. Moving a SCSI device from one
position to another on the SCSI chain does not affect communication between the controller and the device. The reserved
and available SCSI ID numbers are displayed in the following list:
•
•
•
0 is reserved for the primary hard drive (Windows only).
7 is reserved for the SCSI controller.
1 through 6 and 8 through 15 are available for all other SCSI devices.
When 0 is used for the primary hard drive, set the second hard drive to 1, the third to 2, and so on.
To set the SCSI ID on a drive, see the instructions on top/back of the hard drive for the correct jumper settings. The drive
probably displays a diagram of the jumper block. This diagram shows you which blocks to cover with your jumper to
get the desired ID.
For example, if the drive must be set to 3, the drive might show that the 4 ID bits are at the far left of the connector (ID0,
ID1, ID2, and ID3), then using the jumpers provided, cover the pins to set the SCSI ID.
SCSI Devices
B.4
129
130 SCSI Devices
Connector Pins
This appendix provides pin information for your system:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Section C.1 “Enhanced Keyboard”
Section C.2 “Mouse”
Section C.3 “Ethernet RJ-45”
Section C.4 “Serial Interface”
Section C.5 “USB”
Section C.6 “IEEE 1394”
Section C.7 “Microphone”
Section C.8 “Headphone”
Section C.9 “Line-in Audio”
Section C.10 “Line-out Audio”
Section C.11 “Ultra SCSI”
Section C.12 “SATA”
Section C.13 “Monitor (VGA)”
Section C.16 “24-Pin Power (Main)”
Section C.17 “4-Pin Power (for Processors)”
Connector Pins
C
131
C.1
Enhanced Keyboard
Keyboard Connector
C.2
Data
Unused
Ground
4
5
6
+5 VDC
Clock
Unused
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
Data
Unused
Ground
4
5
6
+5 VDC
Clock
Unused
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
4
(+) Transmit Data
(-) Transmit Data
(+) Receive Data
Unused
5
6
7
8
Unused
(-) Receive Data
Unused
Unused
Serial Interface
Serial Connector
C.5
1
2
3
Ethernet RJ-45
Ethernet Connector
C.4
Signal
Mouse
Mouse Connector
C.3
Pin
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
Carrier Detect
Receive Data
Transmit Data
4
5
6
Data Terminal Ready
Signal Ground
Data Set Ready
7
8
9
Request to Send
Clear to Send
Ring Indicator
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
4
+5 VDC
- Data
+ Data
Ground
USB
USB Connector
132 Connector Pins
C.6
IEEE 1394
IEEE 1394 Connector
C.7
1
power
2
gnd
3
tpb-
4
tpb+
5
tpa-
6
tpa+
Pin
Signal
1 (Tip)
Audio
2 (Ring)
Power
3 (Shield)
Ground
Pin
Signal
1 (Tip)
Audio_Left
2 (Ring)
Audio_Right
3 (Shield)
Ground
Pin
Signal
1 (Tip)
Audio_In_Left
2 (Ring)
Audio_In_Right
3 (Shield)
Ground
Pin
Signal
1 (Tip)
Audio_Out_Left
2 (Ring)
Audio_Out_Right
3 (Shield)
Ground
Headphone
Headphone Connector (1/8 inch)
C.9
Signal
Microphone
Microphone Connector (1/8 inch)
C.8
Pin
Line-in Audio
Line-in Audio Connector (1/8 inch)
Line-out Audio Connector (1/8 inch)
Connector Pins
C.10 Line-out Audio
133
C.11 Ultra SCSI
Ultra SCSI 80-pin connector
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
12V
41
12V GROUND
2
12V
42
12V GROUND
3
12V
43
12V GROUND
4
12V
44
MATED 1
5
3.3V
45
3.3V CHARGE
6
3.3V
46
DIFFSNS
7
-DB(11)
47
+DB(11)
8
-DB(10)
48
+DB(10)
9
-DB(9)
49
+DB(9)
10
-DB(8)
50
+DB(8)
11
-I/O
51
+I/O
12
-REQ
52
+REQ
13
-C/D
53
+C/D
14
-SEL
54
+SEL
15
-MSG
55
+MSG
16
-RST
56
+RST
17
-ACK
57
+ACK
18
-BSY
58
+BSY
19
-ATN
59
+ATN
20
-P_CRCA
60
+P_CRCA
21
-DB(7)
61
+DB(7)
22
-DB(6)
62
+DB(6)
23
-DB(5)
63
+DB(5)
24
-DB(4)
64
+DB(4)
25
-DB(3)
65
+DB(3)
26
-DB(2)
66
+DB(2)
27
-DB(1)
67
+DB(1)
28
-DB(0)
68
+DB(0)
29
-DB(P1)
69
+DB(P1)
30
-DB(15)
70
+DB(15)
31
-DB(14)
71
+DB(14)
32
-DB(13)
72
+DB(13)
33
-DB(12)
73
+DB(12)
34
5V
74
MATED 2
35
5V
75
5V GROUND
36
5V CHARGE
76
5V GROUND
134 Connector Pins
Ultra SCSI 80-pin connector
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
37
SPINDLE SYNC
77
ACTIVE LED OUT
38
RMT_START
78
DLYD_START
39
SCSI ID (0)
79
SCSI ID (1)
40
SCSI ID (2)
80
SCSI ID (3)
C.12 SATA
SATA Connector
Pin
Signal
Data Cable
Pin
Signal
Power Cable
Pin
Signal
Power Cable
S-1
Ground
P-1
3.3-V power
P-8
5-V power
S-2*
A+
P-2
3.3-V power
P-9
5-V power
S-3*
A-
P-3
3.3-V power
P-10
Ground
S-4
Ground
P-4
Ground
P-11
Reserved
S-5**
B-
P-5
Ground
P-12
Ground
S-6**
B+
P-6
Ground
P-13
12-V power
S-7
Ground
P-7
5-V power
P-14
12-V power
P-15
12-V power
* S2 and S3 differential signal pair
**S5 and S6 differential signal pair
C.13 Monitor (VGA)
NOTE: Monitor connectors can vary depending on your configuration.
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
Red Analog
Green Analog
Blue Analog
6
7
8
Ground
Ground
Ground
11
12
13
Monitor ID
DDC Serial Data
Horizontal Sync
4
5
Monitor ID
Ground
9
10
+5V DC
Ground
14
15
Vertical Sync
DDC Serial Clock
Connector Pins
VGA Connector
135
C.14 Monitor (DVI)
NOTE: Monitor connectors can vary depending on your configuration.
DVI Connector
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
T.M.D.S DATA 2-
16
HOT PLUG DETECT
2
T.M.D.S DATA 2+
17
T.M.D.S DATA 0-
3
T.M.D.S DATA 2/4 SHIELD
18
T.M.D.S DATA 0+
4
T.M.D.S DATA 4-
19
T.M.D.S DATA 0/5 SHIELD
5
T.M.D.S DATA 4+ 2
0
T.M.D.S DATA 5-
6
DDC CLOCK
21
T.M.D.S DATA 5+
7
DDC DATA
22
T.M.D.S CLOCK SHIELD
8
ANALOG VERT. SYNC
23
T.M.D.S CLOCK+
9
T.M.D.S DATA 1-
24
T.M.D.S CLOCK-
10
T.M.D.S DATA 1+
C1
ANALOG RED
11
T.M.D.S DATA 1/3 SHIELD
C2
ANALOG GREEN
12
T.M.D.S DATA 3-
C3
ANALOG BLUE
13
T.M.D.S DATA 3+
C4
ANALOG HORZ SYNC
C5
ANALOG GROUND
14
+5V POWER
15
GND
136 Connector Pins
C.15 ATA/ATAPI (IDE) Standard Drive Cable
ATA/ATAPI (IDE) Connector
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
4
5
Reset
Ground
DD7
DD8
DD6
15
16
17
18
19
DD1
DD14
DD0
DD15
Ground
29
30
31
32
33
DMAK
Ground
INTRQ
IOCS16
DA1
6
7
8
9
10
DD9
DD5
DD10
DD4
DD11
20
21
22
23
24
(Key)
DMARQ
Ground
DIOW
Ground
34
35
36
37
38
PDIAG (cable detect)
DA0
DA2
CS1FX
CS3FX
11
12
13
14
DD3
DD12
DD2
DD13
25
26
27
28
DIOR
Ground
IORDY
CSEL
39
40
DASP
Ground
C.16 24-Pin Power (Main)
24-Pin Main Power Connector
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
+3.3 V
+3.3 V
GND
+5 V
GND
+5 V
GND
13
24
1
12
8
9
10
11
12
13
POK
+5 Vaux
+12 V-A
+12 V-A
+3.3 V
+3.3 V and
+3.3V-Rsense
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
-12 V
GND
PS_ON_L
GND
GND
GND
23
24
+5 V
+5 V and
+5 V-Rsense
+5 V
GND
4-Pin Power (for CPUs)
Pin
Output
AWG
Wire Color
1
GND
18
Black
2
GND
18
Black
3
V12-CPU
18
White
4
V12-CPU
18
White
Connector Pins
C.17 4-Pin Power (for Processors)
137
138 Connector Pins
System Board Designators
System Board Designators
D
This appendix lists the system board designators for this system.
Table D-19 System Board Designators
Designator
Silkscreen
Component
MH01-MH10
N/A
Mounting holes
CR1
5V_AUX
LED: 5V_AUX power indicator
N/A
N/A
Power LED
E14
N/A
Boot block header/jumper
E49
N/A
Clear password header/jumper
J41
SLOT1 PCI-E X16
PCI Express slot
J20
SLOT2 PCI
PCI slot
J32
SLOT3 PCI-E X8’ (X4)
PCI Express slot
J31
SLOT4 PCI-E X1
PCI Express slot
J21
SLOT5 PCI
PCI slot
J22
SLOT6 PCI
PCI slot
J50
PARALLEL
Parallel port
J68
KBD_MSE
Stacked keyboard/mouse connector
J9
RJ/USB
Stacked RJ45/Dual USB
J10
QUAD USB
Quad stacked USB
J83
AUDIO
Triple stacked audio jack
P1
P/S
Power supply connector (24 pin)
P3
N/A
Processor 12V header
P10
FDD
Diskette drive connector
P11
AUX-IN
Auxiliary audio connector
P124
HOOD LOCK
Hood lock header
P125
HD SENSE
Hood sensor header
P20
IDE
Primary IDE connector
P23
FRONT AUDIO
Front panel audio header
P24
FRONT USB
Front panel USB header
P29
HDD LED
HDD LED connector
P60
SATA0
Primary serial ATA (SATA) connector
P61
SATA1
Second serial ATA (SATA) connector
P62
SATA2
Third serial ATA (SATA) connector
P63
SATA3
Fourth serial ATA (SATA) connector
P5
CONTROL PANEL
Main power/HDD LED connector
P52
SERIAL B
Flying serial port header
P53
SERIAL A
Serial port
P6
SPK
Speaker connector
P70
CPU FAN
CPU fan header
P8
SYS FAN
Primary chassis fan header
P9
PCI FAN
Secondary chassis fan header
SW50
CMOS
Clear CMOS switch/push button
139
Table D-19 System Board Designators
Designator
Silkscreen
Component
XBT2
BATTERY
Battery retainer
XMM1
DIMM1
Memory slot
XMM2
DIMM2
Memory slot
XMM3
DIMM3
Memory slot
XMM4
DIMM4
Memory slot
XU1
CPU
Processor socket
140 System Board Designators
E
Power Cord Set Requirements
The power supplies on some computers have external power switches. The voltage select switch feature on the computer
permits it to operate from any line voltage between 100–120 or 220–240 volts AC. Power supplies on those computers
that do not have external power switches are equipped with internal switches that sense the incoming voltage and
automatically switch to the proper voltage.
The power cord set received with the computer meets the requirements for use in the country where you purchased the
equipment.
E.1
General Requirements
The requirements listed below are applicable to all countries:
•
•
•
The power cord must be approved by an acceptable accredited agency responsible for evaluation in the country
where the power cord set will be installed.
The power cord set must have a minimum current capacity of 10A (7A Japan only) and a nominal voltage rating
of 125 or 250 volts AC, as required by each country’s power system.
The diameter of the wire must be a minimum of 0.75 mm2 or 18AWG, and the length of the cord must be
between 1.8 m (6 feet) and 3.6 m (12 feet).
The power cord should be routed so that it is not likely to be walked on or pinched by items placed upon it or
against it. Particular attention should be paid to the plug, electrical outlet, and the point where the cord exits from
the product.
WARNING! Do not operate this product with a damaged power cord set. If the power cord set is damaged in any
manner, replace it immediately.
E.1.1
Japanese Power Cord Requirements
For use in Japan, use only the power cord received with this product.
CAUTION: Do not use the power cord received with this product on any other products.
E.1.2
Country-Specific Requirements
Additional requirements specific to a country are shown in parentheses and explained below.
Country
Accrediting
Agency
Country
Accrediting
Agency
Australia (1)
Austria (1)
Belgium (1)
Canada (2)
EANSW
OVE
CEBC
CSA
Italy (1)
Japan (3)
Norway (1)
Sweden (1)
IMQ
METI
NEMKO
SEMKO
Denmark (1)
Finland (1)
France (1)
Germany (1)
DEMKO
SETI
UTE
VDE
Switzerland (1)
United Kingdom (1)
United States (2)
SEV
BSI
UL
1. The flexible cord must be <HAR> Type HO5VV-F, 3-conductor, 0.75mm2 conductor size. Power cord set fittings
(appliance coupler and wall plug) must bear the certification mark of the agency responsible for evaluation in the
country where it will be used.
2. The flexible cord must be Type SVT or equivalent, No. 18 AWG, 3-conductor. The wall plug must be a two-pole
grounding type with a NEMA 5-15P (15A, 125V) or NEMA 6-15P (15A 250V) configuration.
3. Appliance coupler, flexible cord, and wall plug must bear a “T” mark and registration number in accordance with the
Japanese Dentori Law. Flexible cord must be Type VCT or VCTF, 3-conductor, 0.75 mm2 conductor size. Wall plug must
be a two-pole grounding type with a Japanese Industrial Standard C8303 (7A, 125V) configuration.
141
Power Cord Set Requirements
Power cord sets for use in other countries must meet the requirements of the country where you use the computer. For
more information on power cord set requirements, contact your authorized HP dealer, reseller, or service provider.
142 Power Cord Set Requirements
Routine Care
This appendix contains the additional information for caring for your system:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Section F.1 “General Cleaning Safety Precautions”
Section F.2 “Maximizing the Airflow”
Section F.3 “Cleaning the Workstation Case”
Section F.4 “Cleaning the Keyboard”
Section F.5 “Cleaning the Monitor”
Section F.6 “Cleaning the Mouse”
Routine Care
F
143
F.1
General Cleaning Safety Precautions
•
•
•
•
•
•
F.2
Never use solvents or flammable solutions to clean the workstation.
Never immerse any parts in water or cleaning solutions; apply any liquids to a clean cloth and then use the cloth
on the component.
Always unplug the workstation when cleaning with liquids or damp cloths.
Always unplug the workstation before cleaning the keyboard, mouse, or air vents.
Disconnect the keyboard before cleaning it.
Wear safety glasses equipped with side shields when cleaning the keyboard.
Maximizing the Airflow
Keep your workstation in an area where the airflow to the front and rear of the system is not obstructed.
•
•
•
•
F.3
If possible, keep the unit off of surfaces where dust can gather.
Keep the back of the unit at least 6 inches away from a wall or other obstruction.
Keep the front of the unit clear of any obstruction that keeps air from entering the front of the system.
Remove any dust on the front panel (vent area) and the rear fans with a small vacuum, compressed
air, or dust rag.
Cleaning the Workstation Case
Follow previously stated safety precautions before cleaning the workstation.
To clean the workstation case:
•
•
•
•
•
F.4
To remove light stains or dirt, use plain water with a clean, lint-free cloth or swab.
For stronger stains, use a mild dish-washing liquid diluted with water. Rinse well by wiping it with a cloth or swab
dampened with clear water.
For stubborn stains, use isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol. No rinsing is needed as the alcohol will evaporate quickly
and not leave a residue.
After cleaning, always wipe the unit with a clean, lint-free cloth.
Occasionally clean the air vents on the workstation. Lint and other foreign matter can block the vents and limit
the airflow.
Cleaning the Keyboard
Follow all safety precautions stated earlier before cleaning the keyboard.
CAUTION: Use safety glasses equipped with side shields before attempting to clean debris from under the keys.
•
•
•
Visible debris underneath or between the keys can be removed by vacuuming or shaking.
Canned, pressurized air can be used to clean debris from under the keys. Caution should be used as too much
air pressure can dislodge lubricants applied under the wide keys.
If you remove a key, use a specially designed key puller to prevent damage to the keys. This tool is available
through many electronic supply outlets.
CAUTION: Never remove a wide leveled key (like the space bar) from the keyboard. If these keys are improperly
removed or installed, the keyboard might not function properly.
•
F.5
Cleaning under a key can be done with a swab moistened with isopropyl alcohol and squeezed out. Be careful
not to wipe away lubricants necessary for proper key functions. Use tweezers to remove any fibers or dirt in
confined areas. Allow the parts to air dry before reassembly.
Cleaning the Monitor
Follow all safety precautions stated earlier before cleaning the monitor.
To clean the monitor, wipe the monitor screen with a clean cloth moistened with water or with a towelette designed for
cleaning monitors. Do not use sprays or aerosols directly on the screen; the liquid might seep into the housing and
damage a component. Never use solvents or flammable liquids on the monitor.
144 Routine Care
Cleaning the Mouse
Follow all safety precautions stated earlier before cleaning the mouse.
To clean the mouse:
•
•
Clean the mouse ball by first removing the retaining plate and the ball from the housing.
Pull out any debris from the ball socket and wipe the ball with a clean, dry cloth before reassembly.
Routine Care
F.6
145
146 Routine Care
Additional Password Security and Resetting CMOS
This workstation supports security password features, which can be established through the Computer Setup Security
menu. These features are:
•
•
setup password
power-on password
When both passwords are set, the setup password can also be used in place of the power-on password as an override
to log in to the workstation. This is a useful feature for a network administrator.
If you forget the password for the computer, there are two methods for clearing that password so you can gain access
to the information on the workstation.
•
•
resetting the password jumper
using the Clear CMOS button
CAUTION: Pushing the CMOS button resets CMOS values to factory defaults and erases any customized information
including passwords, asset numbers, and special settings. It is important to back up the workstation CMOS settings
before resetting them in case they are needed later. To back up the CMOS settings, use Computer Setup and run the
Save to Diskette option from the File menu.
Additional Password Security
and Resetting CMOS
G
147
G.1 Resetting the Password Jumper
To disable the power-on or setup password features and clear the power-on and setup passwords:
1.
Shut down the operating system and then turn off the workstation and any external devices. Disconnect the power
cord of the workstation and any external devices from the power outlets.
WARNING! To reduce the risk of personal injury from electrical shock and hot surfaces, be sure to disconnect the
power cord from the wall outlet and allow the internal system components to cool before touching.
CAUTION: When the workstation is plugged in, the power supply always has voltage applied to the system board
even when the unit is turned off. Failure to disconnect the power cord can result in damage to the system.
CAUTION: Static electricity can damage the electronic components of the workstation or optional equipment. Before
beginning these procedures, be sure that you are discharged of static electricity by briefly touching a grounded metal
object.
2.
3.
Open the access panel.
Locate the password header and jumper. The password header is E49.
NOTE: The password jumper is green so that it can be easily identified. For assistance locating the password jumper
and other system board components, refer to “System Board” on page 55.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Remove the jumper. Place the jumper on either pin 1 or 2 (not both).
Replace the access panel.
Plug in the workstation and turn on the power. Allow the operating system to start. This clears the current
passwords and disables the password features.
To establish new passwords, repeat steps 1 through 3, replace the password jumper on both pins 1 and 2, then
repeat steps 5 through 7. Establish the new passwords in Computer Setup.
G.2 Clearing and Resetting the CMOS
The CMOS of the workstation stores password information and information about the workstation configuration. This
section describes the steps to successfully clear and reset the CMOS.
G.2.1 Using Computer Setup to Reset CMOS
To reset CMOS using Computer Setup, access the Computer Setup Utilities menu. When the Computer Setup message
appears in the lower-right corner of the screen, press the F10 key. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE: If you do not press the F10 key while the message is displayed, the workstation must be restarted to access the
utility.
From the Computer Setup menu, select File > Set Defaults and Exit. This restores the soft settings that include boot
sequence order and other factory settings. It does not, however, force hardware rediscovery.
NOTE: The workstation passwords and any special configurations along with the system date and time will have to be
reset.
G.2.2 Using the CMOS Button
CAUTION: Pushing the CMOS button resets CMOS values to factory defaults and erases any customized information
including passwords, asset numbers, and special settings. It is important to back up the workstation CMOS settings
before resetting them in case they are needed later. To back up the CMOS settings, use Computer Setup and run the
Save to Diskette option from the File menu.
1.
Shut down the operating system and then turn off the workstation and any external devices. Disconnect the power
cord of the workstation and any external devices from the power outlets. The CMOS will not clear if the
workstation remains connected to a power outlet.
WARNING! To reduce the risk of personal injury from electrical shock and hot surfaces, be sure to disconnect the
power cord from the wall outlet and allow the internal system components to cool before touching.
148 Additional Password Security and Resetting CMOS
CAUTION: When the workstation is plugged in, the power supply always has voltage applied to the system board
even when the unit is turned off. Failure to disconnect the power cord can result in damage to the system.
CAUTION: Static electricity can damage the electronic components of the workstation or optional equipment. Before
beginning these procedures, be sure that you are discharged of static electricity by briefly touching a grounded metal
object.
2.
3.
Open the access panel.
Locate, press, and hold the CMOS button in for five seconds.
NOTE: For assistance locating the CMOS button and other system board components, refer to “System Board” on
page 55.
4.
5.
Replace the access panel.
Plug in the workstation power and turn the power back on.
Additional Password Security
and Resetting CMOS
NOTE: The workstation passwords and any special configurations along with the system date and time will have to be
reset.
149
150 Additional Password Security and Resetting CMOS
Quick Troubleshooting Flows
This appendix presents some quick troubleshooting flowcharts for some common issues.
NOTE: The flowcharts presented here are for general troubleshooting purposes only and they might not apply to your
specific workstation.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Section H.1 “Initial Troubleshooting”
Section H.2 “No Power”
Section H.3 “No Video”
Section H.4 “Error Messages”
Section H.5 “No OS Loading”
Section H.6 “No OS Loading from Hard Drive”
Section H.7 “No OS Loading from Diskette Drive”
Section H.8 “No OS Loading from CD-ROM Drive”
Section H.9 “No OS Loading from Network”
Section H.10 “Non-functioning Device”
Quick Troubleshooting Flows
H
151
H.1
Initial Troubleshooting
152 Quick Troubleshooting Flows
No Power
H.2.1 No Power, Part 1
Quick Troubleshooting Flows
H.2
153
H.2.2 No Power, Part 2
154 Quick Troubleshooting Flows
Quick Troubleshooting Flows
H.2.3 No Power, Part 3
155
H.3
No Video
H.3.1 No Video, Part 1
156 Quick Troubleshooting Flows
Quick Troubleshooting Flows
H.3.2 No Video, Part 2
157
H.3.3 No Video, Part 3
158 Quick Troubleshooting Flows
Error Messages
H.4.1 Error Messages, Part 1
Quick Troubleshooting Flows
H.4
159
H.4.2 Error Messages, Part 2
160 Quick Troubleshooting Flows
Quick Troubleshooting Flows
H.4.3 Error Messages, Part 3
161
H.5
No OS Loading
162 Quick Troubleshooting Flows
No OS Loading from Hard Drive
H.6.1 No OS Loading from Hard Drive, Part 1
Quick Troubleshooting Flows
H.6
163
H.6.2 No OS Loading from Hard Drive, Part 2
164 Quick Troubleshooting Flows
Quick Troubleshooting Flows
H.6.3 No OS Loading from Hard Drive, Part 3
165
H.7
No OS Loading from Diskette Drive
166 Quick Troubleshooting Flows
No OS Loading from CD-ROM Drive
Quick Troubleshooting Flows
H.8
167
H.9
No OS Loading from Network
168 Quick Troubleshooting Flows
Quick Troubleshooting Flows
H.10 Non-functioning Device
169
170 Quick Troubleshooting Flows
Index
access panel, installing and removing
60
airflow 19
asset tracking and security 42
B
battery
disposal 53
handling 53
installing and removing 76
real-time clock 101
bezel blanks, installing and removing
62
BIST LED
location 16
blank screen 107
block diagram 56
bootable disk, important information
47
C
cable
proper handling 52
cable lock
Kensington 46
provision 46
cable lock slot
location 16
cables
power 77
cables and connectors 52
cautions
adding devices 23
batteries 53
cover lock security 45
FailSafe Key 46
installation 23
CD-ROM drive
See optical drive
chain termination, SCSI 128
changing password 43
cleaning
keyboard 144
monitor 144
mouse 145
clearing password 45
cloning tools, software 37
CMOS
button 148
clearing and resetting 148
components
exploded view 14
front panel 15
rear panel 16
computer pauses 101
Computer Setup (F10)
Advanced functions 35
File functions 31
menu 31
overview 30
Security functions 33
Storage functions 32
using 31
utilities 31
connectors
front panel 15, 16
country-specific power cord set
requirements 141
cover lock security, caution 45
cover lock, SMART 45
customizing software 37
D
deleting password 44
deployment tools, software 37
desktop management 37
device
onboard 35
device configuration 32
diagnostic
light codes 99
diagnostic tool for hard drives 47
DIMMs, installing and removing 67
disassembly order 57
disk, cloning 37
diskette drive
installing and removing 82
troubleshooting 104
Documentation 10
Documentation Library CD
contents 10
using 10
drive
Drive Protection System (DPS) 47
protecting 47
Drive Protection System 47
DVD-ROM drive
See optical drive
E
ECC Fault Prediction and Prefailure
Warranty 48
Energy Star 21
entering
power-on password 43
setup password 43
environmental specification 20
ESD (electrostatic discharge)
materials and equipment 51
preventing damage 50
exploded view 14
F
FailSafe
Key, caution 46
Key, ordering 46
FailSafe key
obtaining 46
using 46
fault notification and recovery 47
finding additional information 10
formatting disk, important information
47
front bezel, installing and removing 61
front fan, installing and removing 75
front panel components 15
front panel I/O device assembly,
installing and removing 63
front panel, troubleshooting 112
G
graphics adapter
location 16
grounding methods 51
H
handling the workstation 52
hard drive
activity light 15
diagnostic tool 47
installing and removing 83
proper handling 53
SCSI drives 128
troubleshooting 106
hardware
removal and replacement 57
troubleshooting 113
headphone
jack location 15
heatsink, installing and removing 88
hood cover
installation and removal 60
hood solenoid lock
installing and removing 61
locking 45
unlocking 45
HP Client Management Solutions 37
Hyper-Threading Technology 22
I
IDE connector pin assignments 137
IEEE-1394
front panel location 15
information
Index
171
Index
A
system 31
initial configuration 37
installing
access panel 60
battery 76
bezel blanks 62
DIMMs 67
diskette drive 82
front bezel 61
front fan 75
front panel I/O device assembly 63
hard drive 83
heatsink 88
hood cover 60
hood solenoid lock 61
Kensington cable lock 58
memory 67
optical drive 78, 80
PCI card support 70
PCI Express 71
power button assembly 64
power supply 65
processor 90
security lock 58
speaker assembly 64
system board 92
system fan 66
J
jumpers
resetting passwords 148
K
Kensington cable lock 46
installation and removal 58
keyboard
cleaning 144
connector pin assignments 132
delimiter characters 44
PS/2 connector location 16
troubleshooting 111
L
LED
color definitions 94
lifting the workstation 52
line-in audio
connector location 16
line-out audio
connector location 16
M
Master Boot Record
security overview 46
memory
guidelines 67
installing and removing 67
troubleshooting 116
memory errors 48
microphone
connector location 15, 16
Microsoft Windows XP Professional
operating system 24
172 Index
monitor
blank screen 107
blurry video 107
cleaning 144
connector pin assignments 135
dim characters 107
mother board 92
mouse
cleaning 145
connector pin assignments 132
PS/2 connector location 16
N
network connector location 16
non-correctable memory errors 48
O
operating system
Microsoft Windows XP Professional
24
optical drive
activity light location 15
bays 15
eject button 15
installing and removing 78, 80
location 15
ordering FailSafe Key 46
P
padlock
location 16
partitioning disk, important information
47
password
additional information 147
changing 43
clearing 45
deleting 44
power-on 33, 43, 120
resetting jumpers 148
security 42
setup 33, 42, 43
PCI card support, installing and
removing 70
PCI Express
compatibility matrix 71
overview 71
PCI Express, installing and removing
71
PCI slots
identification 69
POST error messages 120
power
BIST LED 16
button 15
consumption and cooling 19
dual-state button 41
light 15
resetting power supply 19
power button, installing and removing
64
power cord set requirements
country specific 141
general 141
power supply
cables 77
installing and removing 65
routing cables 77
surge tolerance 48
surge-tolerant 48
power-on password 120
entering 43
establishing 43
purpose 42
setting 43
pre-disassembly procedures 54
prefailure memory warranty 48
preinstalled software image 37
problems
audio 109
CD-ROM and DVD 118
diskette 104
display 107
front panel 112
hard drive 106
installing hardware 113
keyboard 111
memory 116
network 114
optical drives 118
power supply 103
printer 110
processor, installing and removing 90
product
overview 13
specifications 17
protecting
hard drive 47
R
rear panel components 16
recovery, software 37
remote setup 37
Remote System Installation 37
removable media boot 32
removal and replacement 57
removing
access panel 60
battery 76
bezel blanks 62
DIMMs 67
diskette drive 82
front bezel 61
front fan 75
front panel I/O device assembly 63
hard drive 83
heatsink 88
hood cover 60
hood solenoid lock 61
Kensington cable lock 58
memory 67
optical drive 78, 80
PCI card support 70
PCI Express 71
power button assembly 64
power supply 65
processor 90
S
safety precautions, cleaning 144
SATA
RAID 126
SATA drives
guidelines 126
screws 52
SCSI drives 128
chain termination 128
guidelines 128
SMART 128
SCSISelect utility 128
security
features overview 42
features, table 42
master boot record 46
security lock installation and removal
58
serial connector location 16
serial connector pin assignments 132
setting
power-on password 43
setup password 42, 43
setup
initial 37
setup password
entering 43
establishing 42
purpose 42
setting 42
side access panel sensor
overview 45
setting protection level 45
SMART 128
software
configuration and deployment 37
customizing 37
Drive Protection System 47
Fault Notification and Recovery 47
management and updating 37
managing 37
Master Boot Record Security 46
recovery 37
Remote Management Setup 37
Remote System Installation 37
SCSISelect utility 128
service requirements 51
updating 37
speaker, installing and removing 64
static electricity 50
generating 50
grounding methods 50, 51
preventing damage 50
surge-tolerant power supply 48
system
diagnostics and troubleshooting 93
management 29
overview 13
setting time and date 31
specifications 17
system board
block diagram 56
installing and removing 92
system fan, installing and removing 66
T
thermal sensor 48
tool requirements 51
troubleshooting
audio problems 109
CD-ROM and DVD problems 118
diskette problems 104
front panel problems 112
hard drive problems 106
hardware installation problems 113
Internet access problems 119
keyboard problems 111
memory problems 116
minor problems 101
network problems 114
preliminary checklist 93
printer problems 110
processor problems 117
scenarios and solutions 101
video problems 107
Index
security lock 58
speaker 64
system board 92
system fan 66
universal clamp lock 59
U
Ultra ATA Integrity Monitoring 48
universal chassis clamp
location 16
USB
connector pin assignments 132
front panel location 15
USB ports
rear panel location 16
W
Wake-on-LAN feature 114
Index
173
174 Index