HP xw9400 User guide

HP xw9400 Workstation Service and
Technical Reference Guide
User Guide
Copyright Information
Warranty
Trademark Credits
© 2006 Copyright Hewlett-Packard
Development Company, L.P.
Hewlett-Packard Company shall not be liable
for technical or editorial errors or omissions
contained herein or for incidental or
consequential damages in connection with
the furnishing, performance, or use of this
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provided “as is” without warranty of any kind,
including, but not limited to, the implied
warranties of merchantability and fitness for
a particular purpose, and is subject to
change without notice. The warranties for HP
products are set forth in the express limited
warranty statements accompanying such
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The HP Invent logo is a trademark of HewlettPackard Company in the U.S. and other
countries.
Nothing herein should be construed as
constituting and additional warranty.
This document contains proprietary
information that is protected by copyright. No
part of this document may be photocopied,
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Hewlett-Packard Company.
Microsoft and Windows are trademarks of
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Intel Corporation in the U.S. and other
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Energy Star is U.S. registered mark of the
United States Environmental Protection
Agency.
434615-001
First Edition, September 2006
Table of contents
1 Product overview
Product features ................................................................................................................................... 2
Exploded view ...................................................................................................................... 2
Front panel components ..................................................................................................... 3
Rear panel components ...................................................................................................... 4
Serial number and COA label location ................................................................................. 5
Product specifications ......................................................................................................................... 6
Power supply and cooling .................................................................................................... 6
Power supply specifications ................................................................................ 7
Power consumption and cooling ........................................................................ 8
System fans and airflow ..................................................................................... 9
Resetting the power supply ................................................................................ 9
Power cord requirements .................................................................................... 9
Environmental specifications .............................................................................................. 9
PCI card slot power specification ....................................................................................... 10
Chipkill support ................................................................................................................................... 12
Energy Star® ..................................................................................................................................... 13
Energy Star compliance ..................................................................................................... 13
2 Installing or restoring the operating system
Installing the operating system and software ..................................................................................... 16
Microsoft Windows XP Professional ................................................................................. 16
Installing or upgrading device drivers ................................................................ 16
Linux-preinstalled workstations .......................................................................................... 16
Starting the Linux operating system .................................................................. 16
Upgrading device drivers .................................................................................. 16
Linux-enabled workstations ............................................................................................... 17
Verifying hardware compatibility ....................................................................... 17
Installing the Linux operating system ................................................................ 17
Red Hat Activation ............................................................................................ 17
HP software ........................................................................................................................................ 18
Restoring the operating system .......................................................................................................... 19
Restoring the Windows operating system ......................................................................... 19
The RestorePlus! process ................................................................................. 19
Creating a RestorePlus! CD ............................................................. 19
Restoring from RestorePlus! CDs .................................................... 19
Restoring from RestorePlus! on the Recovery Partition ................... 19
HP Backup and Recovery Manager restore points ........................................... 20
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Restoring from the HP Backup and Recovery Manager restore
point CD/DVDs ................................................................................. 20
Restoring from the HP Backup and Recovery Manager restore
point on the Recovery Partition ........................................................ 20
Reclaiming hard disk space from the recovery partition ................................... 20
Ordering backup software ................................................................................. 20
Restoring the Linux operating system ............................................................................... 21
Downloading the latest HP driver CD contents ................................................. 21
Installing the operating system with the HP driver CD contents ....................... 21
Protecting the software ....................................................................................................................... 22
3 System management
Computer Setup (F10) Utility .............................................................................................................. 24
BIOS ROM ......................................................................................................................... 25
Using Computer Setup (F10) Utility .................................................................................. 25
Computer Setup (F10) Utility menu .................................................................................. 26
Desktop management ........................................................................................................................ 34
Initial configuration and deployment .................................................................................. 34
Remote system installation ................................................................................................ 34
Managing and updating software ....................................................................................... 35
HP Client Manager software ............................................................................. 35
Altiris Client Management solutions .................................................................. 35
System Software Manager ................................................................................ 36
Proactive Change Notification ........................................................................... 36
Subscriber’s Choice .......................................................................................... 36
ROM flash .......................................................................................................................... 37
Remote ROM flash ............................................................................................ 37
HPQFlash .......................................................................................................... 37
FailSafe Boot Block ROM ................................................................................. 37
Replicating the setup ......................................................................................... 38
Copying to a single workstation ........................................................ 39
Copying to multiple workstations ...................................................... 39
Dual-state power button .................................................................................... 40
Worldwide web site ........................................................................................... 40
Building blocks and partners ............................................................................. 41
Asset tracking and security ................................................................................................ 41
Password security ............................................................................................ 42
Establishing a setup password in the Computer Setup (F10)
Utility ................................................................................................. 43
Establishing a power-on password in the Computer Setup (F10)
Utility ................................................................................................. 43
Entering a power-on password ......................................................... 44
Entering a setup password ............................................................... 44
Changing a power-on or setup password ......................................... 44
Deleting a power-on or setup password ............................................................ 45
National keyboard delimiter characters ............................................ 45
Clearing passwords .......................................................................... 46
Hood sensor (Smart Cover Sensor) ................................................................. 46
Setting the hood sensor protection level ......................................... 46
Cable lock provision (optional) .......................................................................... 47
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Security lock (optional) ...................................................................................... 47
Universal chassis clamp lock (optional) ............................................................ 47
Access panel key lock ....................................................................................... 47
Fault notification and recovery ........................................................................................... 47
Drive Protection System .................................................................................... 47
ECC fault prediction and pre-failure warranty ................................................... 47
Thermal sensors .............................................................................................. 48
4 Removal and replacement procedures
Service considerations ....................................................................................................................... 50
Read cautions, warnings, and safety precautions ............................................................. 50
Electrostatic discharge information .................................................................................... 50
Generating static ............................................................................................... 50
Preventing electrostatic damage to equipment ................................................. 51
Personal grounding methods and equipment .................................................. 51
Grounding the work area ................................................................................... 51
Recommended materials and equipment ......................................................... 52
Required tools and software .............................................................................................. 52
Screws ............................................................................................................................... 52
Special handling of components ........................................................................................ 52
Cables and connectors .................................................................................... 53
Hard drives ....................................................................................................... 53
Lithium coin cell battery .................................................................................... 53
Customer Self Repair ......................................................................................................................... 54
Pre-disassembly procedures .............................................................................................................. 55
System board components ................................................................................................................. 56
System board architecture ................................................................................................................ 58
Removing and replacing components ................................................................................................ 59
Disassembly order ............................................................................................................ 59
Security lock (optional) ...................................................................................................... 61
Cable lock (optional) ......................................................................................................... 61
Access panel .................................................................................................................... 61
Front bezel ........................................................................................................................ 62
Bezel blanks ..................................................................................................................... 63
Hood sensor (Smart cover sensor) .................................................................................... 64
Front panel I/O device assembly ...................................................................................... 64
Power button assembly and system speaker ................................................................... 65
Power supply ..................................................................................................................... 67
System fan ......................................................................................................................... 67
Memory fan ........................................................................................................................ 68
Memory ............................................................................................................................. 69
Memory module features ................................................................................. 69
Memory module requirements .......................................................................... 69
Removing memory module ............................................................................... 70
Installing a memory module .............................................................................. 71
PCI slots ............................................................................................................................ 73
PCI retainer ...................................................................................................... 73
Removing the PCI retainer ............................................................... 74
Installing the PCI retainer ................................................................. 74
PCI retention clamp .......................................................................................... 75
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PCI Express ..................................................................................................... 75
Removing PCI or PCI Express cards ............................................................... 76
PCI or PCI Express installation ......................................................................... 77
Front fan removal .............................................................................................................. 78
Battery .............................................................................................................................. 80
Power connections to drives ............................................................................................. 81
Optical drive ...................................................................................................................... 83
Replacing the SATA optical drive data cable .................................................... 84
Diskette drive (optional) .................................................................................................... 84
Hard drive ......................................................................................................................... 87
Replacing a hard drive ...................................................................................... 87
Removing a hard drive ..................................................................... 87
Installing a hard drive ....................................................................... 88
Installing a hard drive In the fifth hard drive bay ............................................... 90
Processor heatsink ........................................................................................................... 91
Removing the CPU heatsink ............................................................................. 91
Replacing the CPU heatsink ............................................................................. 92
Processor .......................................................................................................................... 94
Removing the processor ................................................................................... 94
Replacing the processor ................................................................................... 96
System board ..................................................................................................................... 96
Removing the system board ............................................................................. 96
Replacing the System Board ............................................................................. 97
5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
E-Support ......................................................................................................................................... 100
Help and support center and E-Support .......................................................................... 100
Troubleshooting checklist ................................................................................................................. 101
LED color definitions ....................................................................................................................... 102
HP Insight Diagnostics Offline Edition .............................................................................................. 103
Key features and benefits ................................................................................................ 103
Theory of operation .......................................................................................................... 103
Download the ISO image ................................................................................................. 103
User interface .................................................................................................................. 104
Navigation ....................................................................................................... 104
Survey tab ....................................................................................................... 104
Test tab ........................................................................................................... 104
Status tab ......................................................................................................................... 105
Log tab ............................................................................................................................. 105
Help tab ........................................................................................................................... 106
Starting the diagnostic utility from CD .............................................................................. 106
Diagnostic error codes ..................................................................................................................... 107
Diagnostic light codes ...................................................................................................... 107
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions ......................................................................................... 110
Solving minor problems .................................................................................................. 110
Solving power supply problems ....................................................................................... 111
Testing power supply ...................................................................................... 111
Solving diskette problems ............................................................................................... 113
Solving hard drive problems ............................................................................................ 115
Solving display problems ................................................................................................ 116
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Solving audio problems .................................................................................................. 119
Solving printer problems .................................................................................................. 120
Solving keyboard and mouse problems ........................................................................... 121
Solving front panel component problems ........................................................................ 121
Solving hardware installation problems ........................................................................... 122
Solving network problems ............................................................................................... 124
Solving memory problems .............................................................................................. 126
Solving processor problems ........................................................................................... 127
Solving CD-ROM and DVD problems ............................................................................. 127
Solving Internet access problems ................................................................................... 129
POST error messages ...................................................................................................................... 131
Appendix A SAS devices
Supported SAS RAID configurations ................................................................................................ 140
SAS RAID 0 (IS) configuration ......................................................................................................... 141
SAS RAID 1 (IM) configuration ......................................................................................................... 142
SAS RAID 1E (IME) configuration .................................................................................................... 143
Changing boot order ......................................................................................................................... 144
Appendix B SATA devices
Enable SATA RAID option in BIOS .................................................................................................. 146
Configuring a SATA RAID array ....................................................................................................... 147
Changing boot order ......................................................................................................................... 148
Deleting RAID volumes .................................................................................................................... 149
Appendix C Connector pins
Connector pin descriptions ............................................................................................................... 152
Appendix D System board designators
Appendix E Power cord set requirements
Appendix F Routine care
General cleaning safety precautions ...............................................................................................
Maximizing the airflow ......................................................................................................................
Cleaning the workstation case .........................................................................................................
Cleaning the keyboard ....................................................................................................................
Cleaning the monitor .......................................................................................................................
Cleaning the mouse .........................................................................................................................
168
169
170
171
172
173
Appendix G Additional password security and resetting CMOS
Resetting the password jumper ........................................................................................................ 176
Clearing and resetting the CMOS .................................................................................................... 177
Using the CMOS button ................................................................................................... 177
Using the Computer Setup Utility to reset CMOS ............................................................ 178
Appendix H Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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Initial troubleshooting ....................................................................................................................... 180
No power .......................................................................................................................................... 181
No power, part 1 .............................................................................................................. 181
No power, part 2 .............................................................................................................. 182
No power, part 3 .............................................................................................................. 182
No video ........................................................................................................................................... 184
No video, part 1 ............................................................................................................... 184
No video, part 2 ............................................................................................................... 185
No video, part 3 ............................................................................................................... 185
Error messages ................................................................................................................................ 187
Error messages, part 1 ................................................................................................... 187
Error messages, part 2 .................................................................................................... 188
Error messages, part 3 .................................................................................................... 188
No operating system loading ............................................................................................................ 190
No operating system loading from hard drive ................................................................................... 191
No operating loading from hard drive, part 1 ................................................................... 191
No operating system loading from hard drive, part 2 ....................................................... 192
No operating system loading from hard drive, part 3 ....................................................... 192
No operating system loading from diskette drive ............................................................................. 194
No operating system loading from optical drive ............................................................................... 195
No operating system loading from network ...................................................................................... 196
Non-functioning device ..................................................................................................................... 197
Appendix I PCI bus layout
PCI bus layout and device list .......................................................................................................... 200
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1
Product overview
This chapter presents an overview of the hardware components of the HP Workstation.
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●
Product features on page 2
●
Product specifications on page 6
●
Chipkill support on page 12
●
Energy Star® on page 13
1
Product features
Exploded view
The following image shows a typical HP xw9400 Workstation (drive configurations can vary).
For complete and current information on supported accessories and components, see
http://partsurfer.hp.com.
Figure 1-1 Exploded view
Table 1-1 Exploded view
Item
Description
Item
Description
1
PCI card support
10
Memory modules
2
Power supply
11
Card guide/Front fan
3
CPU heatsinks
12
Graphics card
4
Processors
13
Optical drive*
5
System fan
14
PCIe card
6
Access panel
15
Diskette drive
7
System board
16
PCI card
8
Chassis
17
Hard drive
9
Front bezel
18
Memory fan
* A CD-ROM is an example of an optical drive.
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Chapter 1 Product overview
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Front panel components
The following image shows a typical HP xw9400 Workstation. Drive configurations can vary.
Figure 1-2 Front panel components
Table 1-2 Front panel components
Item
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Symbol
Description
Item
Symbol
Description
1
Optical drive
6
Headphone connector
2
5.25-inch drive bay
7
USB 2.0 ports
3
Diskette drive (optional)
8
Hard drive activity light
4
IEEE-1394a connector
9
Power button
5
Microphone connector
10
Power on light
Product features
3
Rear panel components
Figure 1-3 Rear panel components
Table 1-3 Rear panel components
Item
Symbol*
Description
Item
Symbol
Description
1
Power cord connector
10
Graphics adapter
2
Built In Self Test (BIST) LED
11
Audio line-in connector
3
Serial connector
12
RJ-45 network connectors
4
SPDIF OUT**
13
IEEE-1394a connector
5
Keyboard connector
14
Mouse connector
6
USB 2.0 ports
15
Cable lock slot
7
Microphone connector
16
Padlock loop
8
Audio line-out connector
17
Universal chassis clamp opening
9
MiniSAS 4–port connector (optional)
18
Access panel key
* The rear panel connectors are labeled with industry-standard icons and colors to assist you in
connecting your peripheral devices.
** SPDIF OUT is a single RCA jack to support SPDIF digital audio output via coax cable.
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Chapter 1 Product overview
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Serial number and COA label location
Each workstation has two unique serial number labels. Systems preinstalled with Microsoft® Windows®
XP also have a certificate of authentication (COA) label (2). The serial number labels (1) are located on
the side panel of the unit and on the rear panel. Keep the serial number available when contacting
customer service for assistance.
Figure 1-4 Serial number and COA label location
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Product features
5
Product specifications
The following table lists the physical dimensions.
Table 1-4 Physical characteristics
Weight (depending on
configuration)
18-27.7 kg (39.6-61.1 lb.)
Tower dimensions
455 mm (17.9 in.) tall, 210 mm (8.3 in.) wide, 525 mm (20.7
in.) deep
Rack mount dimensions (top 210 mm (8.3 in.) tall, 440 mm (17.3 in.) wide, 525 mm (20.7
cover and foot removed)
in.) deep
Power supply and cooling
This section describes power supply specifications.
Table 1-5 Voltage specification
Voltage
Minimum
Maximum
Description
3.3 V
3.17 V
3.47 V
Used with PCI, onboard logic, SAS controller, IEEE 1394,
and chipset
5V
4.90 V
5.35 V
Used with storage (disk, optical, diskette), PCI, Audio,
USB, input to onboard regulator, and onboard logic
12 V CPU0
11.52 V
12.6 V
Input to onboard regulator that supplies power for CPU 0
12 V CPU1
11.52 V
12.6 V
Input to onboard regulators that supply power for CPU1
and the chipset
12 V-M
11.52 V
12.6 V
Input to onboard regulators that supply power for memory
12 V-B
11.52 V
12.6 V
Used with PCI, fans, onboard logic, and audio regulator
12 V-D
11.52 V
12.6 V
Used with storage (disk, optical, floppy)
12 V-G
11.52 V
12.6 V
Used with PCI Express x16 auxiliary connectors
V12N
–11.4 V
–12.6 V
Used by PCI
5 VSB
4.85 V
5.25 V
Used for sleep circuitry and input to onboard regulators
Table 1-6 Current specification
Current
6
Continuous
Description
3.3 V
22.0 A
Used with PCI, onboard logic, SAS controller, IEEE
1394, and chipset
5V
18.0 A
Used with storage (disk, optical, diskette), PCI,
Audio, USB, input to onboard regulator, and
onboard logic
12 V CPU0
13.7 A
Input to onboard regulator that supplies power for
CPU 0
Chapter 1 Product overview
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Table 1-6 Current specification (continued)
Current
Continuous
Description
12 V CPU1
16.7 A
Input to onboard regulators that supply power for
CPU1 and the chipset
12 V-M
18.6 A
Input to onboard regulators that supply power for
memory
12 V-B
15.7 A
Used with PCI, fans, onboard logic, and audio
regulators
12 V-D
10.0 A
Used with storage (disk, optical, floppy)
12 V-G
12.5 A
Used with PCI Express x16 auxiliary connectorss
V12N
0.3 A
Used by PC
5 VSB
2.5 A
Used for sleep circuitry and input to onboard
regulatorsr
WARNING! Do not exceed 135 W of a 5-V and 3.3-V power combination.
Do not exceed 64 A (768 W) of a 12-V (CPU0/CPU1/M/B/D/G) power combination.
Do not exceed 800 W of total continuous output power.
Power supply specifications
The integrated, surge-tolerant power supply is rated to withstand a power surge of up to 2,000 V (lineto-PE or neutral-to-PE) and 1,000 V (line-to-line) without any data loss or system downtime. The
following specifications describe the power supply:
Table 1-7 Power supply specifications
Parameter
Power supply
Specification
800 watt power supply (Wide Ranging, Active PFC)
Operating voltage range
90-269 VAC
Rated voltage range
100-240 VAC/118 VAC
118 VAC
Rated line frequency
50-60 Hz
400 Hz
Operating line frequency range
47-66 Hz
393-407 Hz
13.2 A @ 100-120 VAC
11.2 A @ 118 VAC
Rated input current
6.6 A @ 200-240 VAC
Heat dissipation
Typical: 1,950 BTU/hr. (491 kg-cal/hr.)
Maximum: 3793 BTU/hr. (956 kg-cal/hr.)
Power supply fan
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92 mm x 32 mm variable speed
Energy Star®–compliant
Yes
Blue Angel compliant
N/A
Product specifications
7
Table 1-7 Power supply specifications (continued)
FEMP standby power compliant @ 115 V
No
(<2W @ 115 V in S5–Power Off)
Power consumption in ES mode
<10 W
Suspend to RAM (S3) (Instantly Available PC)
Power consumption and cooling
The following table shows the primary power consumption for an example configuration:
●
Two Opteron 2216 processors, 2.4-GHz, 1-MB
●
Four 1-GB, 667-MHz memory modules
●
One 80-GB SATA hard drive
●
Two optical drives (48x DVD-ROM, CD-RW)
●
One PCI Express graphics card (nVidia FX1500, 256MB)
●
One diskette drive
●
One monitor, powered separately
Table 1-8 Example Energy consumption*
115 VAC
230 VAC
100 VAC
Windows Idle (S0)
226 W
224 W
228 W
Windows Busy (S0)
330 W
329 W
336 W
Sleep (S3)
6.3 W
8.8 W
6.0 W
Off(S5)
2.3 W
5.8 W
2.3 W
115 VAC
230 VAC
100 VAC
Windows Idle (S0)
772 BTU/hr.
765 BTU/hr.
779 BTU/hr.
Windows Busy (S0)
1127 BTU/hr.
1123 BTU/hr.
1147 BTU/hr.
Sleep (S3)
21.5 BTU/hr
30 BTU/hr.
20.5 BTU/hr.
Off(S5)
7.8 BTU/hr.
19.8 BTU/hr.
7.8 BTU/hr.
* Energy Star low energy mode.
Table 1-9 Example heat dissipation*
* Heat dissipation calculation is based on measured watts, assuming the service level is attained for
one hour.
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Chapter 1 Product overview
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NOTE When you power down your workstation with the power button on the front panel, the
power consumption falls below 10 W. To reach zero power consumption, unplug the workstation
from the power outlet or use a power strip with a switch.
For additional information on power-saving features, see your operating system documentation.
System fans and airflow
The workstation includes one rear system fan, one memory fan, one processor (CPU) heatsink fan for
each processor, and one power supply fan, plus a front system fan.
Resetting the power supply
If an overload triggers the power supply overload protection, all power is immediately shut off. To reset
the power supply unit:
1.
Disconnect the power cord.
2.
Determine what caused the overload and fix the problem.
3.
Reconnect the power cord and reboot the workstation.
When you power down the workstation through the operating system, power consumption falls below
the low power consumption rate but does not reach zero. This on/off feature extends the life of the power
supply.
Power cord requirements
The power cord set (flexible cord or wall plug) received with this product meets the requirements for use
in the country where you purchased the equipment.
If you must obtain a power cord for a different country, you should purchase a power cord that is
approved for use in that country.
The power cord must be rated for the product and for the voltage and current marked on the product’s
electrical ratings label. The voltage and current rating of the cord should be greater than the voltage and
current rating marked on the product. The length of the cord must be between 6 feet (1.8 m) and 12 feet
(3.6 m). If you have questions about the type of power cord to use, contact the HP authorized service
provider.
A power cord should be routed so that it is not likely to be walked on or pinched by items placed on it
or against it. Particular attention should be paid to the plug, electrical outlet, and the point where the
cord exits from the product.
NOTE A 15AMP-capable (minimum) power cord must be used in with a 110-V power source.
A 10AMP-capable (minimum) power cord should be used with a 220-V power source.
Environmental specifications
This section describes environmental specifications of your workstation.
Table 1-10 Environmental Specifications
Temperature (operating)
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40° to 95° F (5° to 35° C)*
Product specifications
9
Table 1-10 Environmental Specifications (continued)
Temperature (non-operating)
-40° to 140° F (-40° to 60° C)
Humidity (operating)
8% to 85% RH, non-condensing
Humidity (non-operating)
8% to 90% RH, non-condensing
Maximum Altitude (operating)
0 to 10,000 ft. (3,048 m)
Maximum Altitude (non-operating)
0 to 30,000 ft. (9,144 m)
Shock (operating)
1/2-sine: 40 G, 2–3 ms
Shock (non-operating)
1/2-sine: 160 cm/s, 2−3 ms, (approximately 100 G)
square: 605 cm/s, 30 G
NOTE Values represent individual shock events and
are not indicative of repetitive shock events.
Vibration (operating)
Operating random: 0.5 G (rms), 5−300 Hz
Vibration (non-operating)
Random: 2.0 G (rms), 10−500 Hz
NOTE Values are not indicative of continuous
vibration.
* Operating temperature is specified at 5° to 35° C from sea level to 5000 ft. with an altitude derating
of 1.0° C per every 300 m (1000 ft.) above 5000 ft. to a maximum of 3000 m (10,000 ft.), no direct
sustained sunlight. Maximum rate of change is 10° C/Hr. The upper limit may be limited by the type
and number of options installed.
PCI card slot power specification
Table 1-11 PCI and PCI Express slot power specifications
Slot#
Slot Type
Slot Power (Maximum)
1
PCI Express x16 (x8)
25 W*
2
PCI Express x16 graphics
3
PCI 32 bit, 33 MHz
25 W*
4
PCI Express x16 (x8)
25 W*
5
PCI Express x16 graphics
6
PCI-X 100
25 W*
7
PCI-X 100/133
25 W*
150 W**
150 W**
* In addition to these slot power specifications, the overall power consumption of the system (including
I/O cards, processor, and memory) must not exceed the maximum ratings of the system power
supply. See Power supply specifications on page 7 for details.
** Includes 75 W maximum from the system board connector, and 75 W maximum from the auxiliary
graphics power connector.
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Chapter 1 Product overview
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NOTE If a graphics card requiring more than 75W is installed in Slot 2, HP recommends not
using slot 3, which is the PCI slot below the graphics slot. If a graphics card requiring more than
75W is installed in slot 5, HP recommends not using slot 6, which is the PCI-X 100 slot below the
graphics slot. In addition to these slot power specifications, the overall power consumption of the
system (including I/O cards, processors, memory, and drives) must not exceed the maximum
ratings of the system power supply. Also, there are broad restrictions on using dual 150W
graphics cards.
For hardware specifications of other system components, such as graphics cards or optical drives, see
the website of the specific manufacturer.
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Product specifications
11
Chipkill support
Chipkill is a form of advanced Error Checking and Correcting (ECC) computer memory technology. The
HP xw9400 Workstation supports 128-bit Chipkill ECC memory functionality. Standard ECC functionality
detects and corrects single bit data errors in memory systems. But Chipkill offers greater memory error
protection by providing error correction for up to 4-bit errors within the same symbol (nibble boundary).
Chipkill cannot correct any random four bits across 128 bits.
Chipkill on the xw9400 functions within these parameters:
12
●
The workstation enables Chipkill functionality on paired ECC memory DIMMs only.
●
The use of single memory DIMM—not supported on the xw9400 workstation—allows standard
single bit ECC only.
●
Chipkill can detect and correct up to four bit errors if the four bits are in the same symbol. That is,
multiple bit errors in bits 0–3 or 4–7 of a byte can be detected and corrected. Multi-bit error that
overlap or span symbol boundaries (bits 2–5 or 3–6, for example) cannot be corrected. For DIMMs
that are based on x4 parts, this means that a single DRAM chip can fail and the system will continue
to operate. For x8 and x16 parts, a complete DRAM chip cannot fail, but symbol errors will be
corrected as described.
Chapter 1 Product overview
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Energy Star®
The Energy Star program, a government-backed initiative, promotes energy efficiency by identifying
ways to reduce energy consumption. Select HP workstations participate in the Energy Star program.
NOTE
Energy Star is not supported on Linux-based workstations.
For those workstations that support Energy Star and have it enabled, the power management features
are set as follows:
●
The monitor goes into power savings mode after 20 minutes of inactivity.
●
The system goes into standby mode after 20 minutes of inactivity
NOTE If you have to restore the operating system, reset the Energy Star settings (if applicable)
after the restore.
To verify the factory default power settings for your product, select Start>Control Panel and doubleclick Power Options.
Energy Star compliance
HP products purchased with the Energy Star configuration are compliant with U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) Computers Program. The EPA Energy Star configuration does not imply
endorsement by the EPA. As an Energy Star partner, HP offers products with the Energy Star
configuration to meet the Energy Star guidelines for energy efficiency.
EPA created the Energy Star Computers Program to promote energy efficiency and reduce air pollution
through more energy-efficient equipment in homes, offices, and factories. HP products achieve this
result by reducing the power consumption when not being used.
Energy Star on HP workstations uses Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) power
management. The system can wake as a result of a user action (keyboard or mouse) or from the network
or a modem.
The Power Management feature, when used in conjunction with an Energy Star-compliant monitor, will
support the power-down features of the monitor. The Power Management feature allows a monitor to
go into low-power mode when the Energy Save timeout occurs.
NOTE Using the Energy Star Save Monitor feature with non-Energy Star-compliant monitors
might cause video distortion when the Energy Save timeout occurs.
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Energy Star®
13
14
Chapter 1 Product overview
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2
Installing or restoring the operating
system
This chapter describes the installation and restoration of the operating system.
●
Installing the operating system and software on page 16
●
HP software on page 18
●
Restoring the operating system on page 19
●
Protecting the software on page 22
If your workstation was shipped with a preinstalled operating system, it is configured automatically the
first time your workstation is powered on. This process may take a few minutes.
Adding optional hardware devices to your workstation before the operating system successfully installs
can cause errors and prevent the operating system from installing properly.
CAUTION After the automatic installation has begun, do not power off your workstation until
this process completes. Powering off your workstation during the installation process might
damage the software that runs the system.
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15
Installing the operating system and software
The following sections discuss operating system and HP software installation procedures.
Microsoft Windows XP Professional
The first time you power on your workstation, you are prompted to select a language for the operating
system. After selecting the language, read and follow the instructions on the screen to complete the
installation of the operating system. This process takes approximately 10 minutes, depending on the
system hardware configuration. During the process, do not power off your workstation unless you are
directed to do so.
Installing or upgrading device drivers
To install hardware devices, such as a printer, a display adapter, or network adapter after the operating
system installation is completed, the operating system needs access to the appropriate software drivers
for the devices. Device drivers are usually provided on a CD supplied with the peripheral device.
Some existing peripheral devices might not have been shipped with drivers developed for Windows XP.
To locate the most current device drivers, see http://www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport.
Linux-preinstalled workstations
If you have a Linux-preinstalled workstation, follow the instructions in this section to set up your operating
system and software.
After the boot process completes, you can view additional HP Linux documentation by opening your
Internet browser (the browser is automatically set to use the local HP documentation page as its default).
You can also access Linux Web links for Red Hat (Internet access required) by using your Internet
browser.
For additional information about setting up Linux-preinstalled or Linux-enabled workstations, refer to
the HP User Manual for Linux at http://www.hp.com/support/linux_user_manual.
For more information about HP and Linux, see http://www.hp.com/linux.
Starting the Linux operating system
The first time your workstation is booted, the Red Hat First Boot utility displays. This program enables
you to enter your password, network, graphics, time, and keyboard settings for your workstation.
CAUTION After the automatic installation has begun, do not power down your workstation until
the process is complete. Powering down your workstation during the installation process might
damage the software that runs your workstation or prevent its proper installation.
When you enable the YPBind feature in the Network tab of the Linux Setup Tool, you might get a blank
screen for about 15–30 seconds after you have selected and saved all of your settings and exited the
utility. This behavior is normal. The boot process continues its execution after the screen returns.
Upgrading device drivers
Once your workstation is up and running, visit http://www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport to see if there
are newer device drivers available for your workstation and/or components.
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Chapter 2 Installing or restoring the operating system
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Linux-enabled workstations
Linux-enabled workstations are not preinstalled with Linux. They require the HP Installer Kit for Linux
and the purchase of a Red Hat box set. The Installer kit includes the HP CDs necessary to complete
the installation of all versions of the Red Hat box set that have been verified to work on HP workstation
hardware.
Verifying hardware compatibility
To determine which Linux versions have been verified to work on HP workstation hardware:
1.
Go to http://www.hp.com/support/linux_hardware_matrix.
2.
Select your HP workstation model.
Installing the Linux operating system
To install the Linux operating system on your Linux-enabled system, follow the instructions for Restoring
the Linux operating system on page 21 in this chapter.
For more information concerning the setup of Linux-preinstalled or Linux-enabled workstations, refer to
the HP User Manual for Linux located at http://www.hp.com/support/linux_user_manual.
For more information about HP and Linux, see http://www.hp.com/linux.
Red Hat Activation
An activation card called Activate Your Subscription is shipped with your workstation. This card is
necessary to activate your Linux subscription with Red Hat Network. Until activation, your Red Hat Linux
is not fully enabled.
To activate Red Hat Linux, click the Activate Your Subscription icon on your desktop. This takes you
to www.redhat.com/activate. Follow the instructions at this website to activate your subscription using
the information on the card.
HP recommends that you activate your subscription as soon as you connect to the web.
NOTE Keep the Red Hat activation card with your workstation registration card for future
reference.
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Installing the operating system and software
17
HP software
The following HP software may be installed on your workstation depending on the operating system and
options:
●
Computer Setup (F10) Utilities and diagnostic features
●
HP Support Software including device drivers
●
Security Management tools
●
Software Support Management tools
Additional software is available for download:
●
HP Client Manager Software is available at http://www.hp.com/go/easydeploy.
●
System Software Manager is available at http://www.hp.com/go/ssm.
NOTE Additional HP software might be required in certain situations.
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Chapter 2 Installing or restoring the operating system
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Restoring the operating system
This section describes how to restore the Windows and Linux operating systems.
Restoring the Windows operating system
Your workstation has a several methods to restore your Windows XP operating system to a near-factory
state, or to the state of the system at a predefined snapshot in time. Your system has a recovery partition
on the system hard drive that contains software and data required for the restore process as described
in the following sections.
NOTE If you received restore media with your system, use the media to restore your operating
system. Refer to the instructions on the media for restoring your operating system.
The RestorePlus! process
The Window operating system and device drivers (for devices shipped with the system) are reinstalled
using this process. Some application software may not be restored using the RestorePlus! process. In
this case you must install the application software from the appropriate application CD. The RestorePlus!
process can be executed from CD or from the recovery partition contained on your system hard drive.
CAUTION Backup your data before you attempt any operating system restore. All data on the
Windows partition will be deleted when you restore using the RestorePlus! process. However,
the recovery partition on the system drive and other partitions should not be affected.
Creating a RestorePlus! CD
You can create a set of the CDs from your system if you have a CD burner. When you first boot your
system, you will be prompted to make CDs for RestorePlus!, the Windows operating system, and a
supplemental HP Backup and Recovery Manager CD. (There may be additional CDs you can create
depending on the options you purchased.) You also have the option to move images of the CDs to
another location, such as a network share, to be burned to CD at a later time or from another system.
Restoring from RestorePlus! CDs
The RestorePlus! process can be started by booting from the RestorePlus! CD.
Restoring from RestorePlus! on the Recovery Partition
Follow these steps to start the RestorePlus! process from the Emergency Recovery menu:
1.
Boot the workstation.
2.
Press the F11 key when prompted during the boot process to enter the Emergency Recovery menu.
The F11 prompt appears briefly during the boot process.
3.
Select Recover PC’s factory installed operating system, drivers, utilities, and applications
from the Emergency Recovery menu.
NOTE Some applications may not be restored using this method.
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Restoring the operating system
19
HP Backup and Recovery Manager restore points
HP Backup and Recovery Manager is preinstalled on your workstation. This software allows you to
backup and restore your system and data. You will be prompted to make RestorePlus! CDs at the first
boot of the system. An Initial Restore Point (IRP) will be created automatically. This restore point is a
complete snapshot of the system partition at the time the IRP was created. The IRP is stored in the
recovery partition on the system hard drive, but you can also burn the IRP to CDs, DVDs, or copy it to
another location. The restore point can be used to return the system partition back to the state the system
was when captured.
Restoring from the HP Backup and Recovery Manager restore point CD/DVDs
The HP Backup and Recovery Manager (HPBR) restore point can be burned to CD or DVD and used
to restore the system. Typically you would used the CD/DVD set if the hard drive has been replaced or
all partitions have been corrupted. Boot the system from the HPBR restore point CD/DVD and follow
the online instructions.
Restoring from the HP Backup and Recovery Manager restore point on the Recovery Partition
The HP Backup and Recovery Manager (HPBR) Initial Restore Point is stored in the system recovery
partition and can be restored using the Emergency Recovery menu. Boot your system and press the
F11 key when prompted to enter the Emergency Recovery menu. The F11 prompt appears briefly during
the boot process. From the Emergency Recovery menu, choose Recover PC to a specific point in
time and follow the instructions.
Reclaiming hard disk space from the recovery partition
The recovery partition can be removed to reclaim the hard drive space. If the recovery partition is
removed, the F11 Emergency Recovery function is not available. The ability to recover the system from
data on the recovery partition will be lost. Any RestorePlus! media contained in the recovery partition
will be deleted. The ability to create the RestorePlus! CD set will be lost.
To free up disk space, you can remove just the recovery partition, or you can completely uninstall the
HP Backup and Recovery Manager application.
●
The recovery partition can be removed using Remove HP Recovery Partition in the HP Backup
& Recovery program folder. The recovery partition is deleted, the user partition is extended to
reclaim the unused hard drive space, and the F11 boot prompt is removed. The HP Backup and
Recovery Manager application remains and can be used for data backup and restore.
●
The HP Backup and Recovery Manager application can be uninstalled using the Windows Control
Panel>Add/Remove Programs utility. The application is uninstalled, the recovery partition is
deleted, the user partition is extended to reclaim the unused space, and the F11 boot prompt is
removed. Emergency recovery as well as data backup and recovery is not possible after the
application is uninstalled.
CAUTION Deleting the recovery partition or uninstalling the HP Backup and Recovery Manager
application reduces or eliminates the ability to recover the system.
Ordering backup software
If you are unable to create system recovery CDs or DVDs, the HP Restore Plus CD set can be obtained
through product support on http://www.hp.com/support.
20
Chapter 2 Installing or restoring the operating system
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NOTE Before calling HP to order the software, be sure to have the serial number of your
workstation available. See Serial number and COA label location on page 5 for details.
Restoring the Linux operating system
NOTE To restore the Linux operating system, the HP Driver CD and Red Hat box set are
required. Download the latest HP Driver CD to get any new enhancements.
For preloaded Linux systems, an icon called Red Hat ISO's is available on the desktop. Click this icon
to go to the /iso directory. This directory contains the binary and source ISO files. This directory also
contains the driver CD ISO which is the same as the CD that is shipped with the workstation. Follow the
instructions in the Readme file in the /iso directory to burn the ISOs to CD.
HP recommends that you burn the ISOs to CD so you have a backup.
NOTE Linux does not support mixed drive types for a manufacturing preload. However, Linux
supports mixed drives and you may restore the operating system with mixed drives from the
RHEL box set.
Downloading the latest HP driver CD contents
See http://www.hp.com and select Software and Drive Downloads. Find your workstation and
operating system. Select your driver CD under Software, and follow the directions under Release
Notes.
Installing the operating system with the HP driver CD contents
1.
Boot your workstation from the Red Hat box set Binary CD 1.
2.
Insert the Linux operating system CDs from the Red Hat box set as prompted.
3.
Continue following the prompts until the operating system is successfully installed.
4.
Configure the X server to start on reboot.
5.
Reboot your workstation.
6.
Follow the prompts to set up your system with the Red Hat First Boot utility.
7.
When prompted in First Boot to add additional CDs, insert the HP Driver CD into the CD-ROM tray
of your workstation.
8.
Click Install next to “Additional CDs.” The HP Driver CD window opens.
9.
Click Press to begin install.
When the install is done, you will have two options— Reboot now... on the left side and Press to
continue, reboot later... on the right side.
10. Click Reboot now...
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Restoring the operating system
21
Protecting the software
To protect software from loss or damage, keep a backup copy of all system software, applications, and
related files stored on the hard drive. See the operating system or backup utility documentation for
instructions on making backup copies of data files.
22
Chapter 2 Installing or restoring the operating system
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3
System management
This section describes the various tools and utilities that allow for the system management of the
workstation.
ENWW
●
Computer Setup (F10) Utility on page 24
●
Desktop management on page 34
23
Computer Setup (F10) Utility
The Computer Setup Utility enables you to:
24
●
Change current settings from the factory default settings.
●
Modify or restore factory default settings.
●
Determine if all of the devices installed on the workstation are recognized by the system and
functioning properly.
●
Determine information about the operating environment of the workstation.
●
Solve system configuration errors detected but not automatically fixed during the Power-On SelfTest (POST).
●
Establish and manage security features and password prompting during system reset and during
power-on.
●
Establish and manage energy-saving time-outs (not supported for Linux platforms).
●
Set the system date and time.
●
Set, view, and change the system configuration, including settings for processor, graphics,
memory, audio, storage, communications, and input devices.
●
Modify the boot order of installed mass storage devices such as hard drives, diskette drives, optical
drives, and network drives.
●
Enable or disable Network Server Mode, which enables the workstation to boot the operating
system when the power-on password is enabled with or without a keyboard or mouse attached.
When attached to the system, the keyboard and mouse remain locked until the power-on password
is entered.
●
Enable/disable POST Messages to change the display status of POST messages. POST
messages disabled suppresses most POST messages, such as memory count, product name, and
other non-error text messages. If a POST error occurs, the error is displayed regardless of the
mode selected. To temporarily switch to POST messages enabled, press any key (except F1
through F12) during POST.
●
Establish an Ownership Tag, the text of which is displayed each time the system is turned on or
restarted.
●
Enter the Asset Tag or property identification number assigned by your company to this
workstation.
●
Secure the integrated I/O functionality, including the serial and USB ports, audio, embedded NIC,
SAS, or IEEE 1394 so that the I/O functionality cannot be used until they are unsecured.
●
Enable or disable removable media boot ability.
●
Enable or disable removable media write ability (when supported by hardware). Used commonly
for legacy diskettes.
●
Replicate your system setup by saving system configuration information onto diskette or USB, or
restoring it onto one or more workstations.
Chapter 3 System management
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BIOS ROM
The BIOS of the computer is a collection of programs stored as firmware in ROM. The BIOS ROM
includes such functions as POST, PCI device initialization, Plug 'n' Play support, power management
activities, and the Computer Setup Utility. BIOS supports the following systems and specifications:
●
Dual AMD Opteron 2xxx series processors
●
Up to DDR2-667 memory
●
HyperTransport setup and initialization
●
Chipset (includes NVIDIA nForce Professional 3600 and 3050 with NEC µPD720404 PCIe to PCIX bridge)
●
ACPI 1.0b with ACPI 2.0 extensions for 64-bit support, according to Microsoft Logo Requirements.
S1, S3, S4, and S5 with Remote Power On by way of LAN wake packet.
●
SMBIOS Spec 2.5 implementation and field definitions that accurately represent hardware
configurations and OEM ID
●
BBS 1.01
●
DOS and Windows based BIOS flash tools
●
Microsoft SDG 3.0 compliant as applicable
●
PMM 1.01 as applicable
●
MPS 1.4 as applicable
●
PXE 2.1
●
USB 1.1/USB 2.0
●
PCI 2.2 or later
●
“El Torito” Bootable CD 1.0
The BIOS ROM is a 1-MB FLASH unit. The runtime portion of the BIOS resides in a 96-KB block from
E8000h to FFFFFh (approximately). ACPI code and data take about 128 KB below TOLM (top of low
memory, the last RAM address below 4 GB).
Using Computer Setup (F10) Utility
You can call up the Computer Setup Utility during workstation restart or power on. To access the
Computer Setup Utility menu:
1.
Power on or restart the workstation.
2.
Press the F10 key as soon as your display is active and the message Setup appears in the lower
right corner of the screen.
NOTE If you miss the opportunity to press F10, restart the workstation and press F10
again. Or, you can press Ctrl+Alt+Delete prior to boot .
3.
ENWW
At first boot, select your language from the list, and press the Enter key. In the Computer Setup
Utility menu, five headings are displayed: File, Storage, Security, Advanced, and I/O.
Computer Setup (F10) Utility
25
4.
Use the left and right arrow keys to select the appropriate heading. Use the up and down arrow
keys to select the option you want, and press Enter.
5.
To apply and save changes, select File>Save Changes and Exit.
●
If you have made changes that you do not want applied, select File>Ignore Changes and
Exit.
●
To reset to factory settings, select File>Default Setup>Restore Factory Settings as
Default. Press F10 to accept the changes. Click File>Apply Defaults and Exit. This option
restores the original factory system defaults.
CAUTION Do not turn the workstation power off while the ROM is saving your Computer Setup
Utility changes because the CMOS could become corrupted. After you exit the F10 Setup screen,
it is safe to remove all power from the workstation.
Computer Setup (F10) Utility menu
NOTE The following content is subject to change with new BIOS releases, so your menu may
be different than shown in Table 1–1.
Table 3-1 Computer Setup Utility menu descriptions
Heading
Option
Description
File
System
Information
Lists product name, SKU number, processor type/speed/stepping, cache size (L1/L2), memory
type and size, integrated Media Access Control (MAC) IDs for Network Interface, system BIOS
type, chassis serial number, and asset tracking number.
About
Displays copyright information.
System
Temperatures
Displays temperature graph.
Set Time and
Date
Enables you to set system time and date.
Replicated
Setup
Save to Removable Media
Saves the current F10 Setup configuration to a text file called cpqsetup.txt.
Restore from Removable Media
Restores previous F10 Setup configuration from a text file called cpqsetup.txt.
Default Setup
Save Current Settings as Default
Stores the current F10 Setup configuration as the default.
Restore Factory Settings as Default
Restores the original factory settings to the F10 Setup configuration information as the default.
26
Apply Defaults
and Exit
Saves the selected default settings (previously-saved user or factory settings) and exits the
Computer Setup Utility.
Ignore
Changes and
Exit
Exits the Computer Setup Utility without applying or saving any changes.
Save Changes
and Exit
Saves changes to system configuration and exits the Computer Setup Utility.
Chapter 3 System management
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Table 3-1 Computer Setup Utility menu descriptions (continued)
Heading
Option
Description
Storage
Device
Configuration
Lists all installed non-SAS and non-SATA storage devices.
When a device is selected, detailed information and options are displayed.
CD-ROM
Identifies the optical drives on the system.
Diskette (for legacy diskette drives only)
Identifies the highest capacity media type accepted by the diskette drive. Options are 3.5" 1.44
MB, 5.25" 1.2 MB, and Not Installed.
Default Values
Enables you to set the default values for IDE and SATA devices such as the following:
●
Multisector Transfers (IDE devices only)–Specifies how many sectors are transferred per
multi-sector Programmed Input/Output (PIO) operation. Options (subject to device
capabilities) are Disabled, 8, and 16.
●
Transfer Mode (IDE devices only)–Specifies the active data transfer mode. Options (subject
to device capabilities) are PIO 0, Max PIO, Enhanced DMA, Ultra DMA 0, and Max UDMA.
●
Translation Mode (IDE/SATA disks only)–Enables you to select the translation mode to be
used for the device, which enables the BIOS to access disks partitioned and formatted on
other systems and may be necessary for users of older versions of UNIX (for example, SCO
UNIX version 3.2). Options are Bit-Shift, LBA Assisted, Off, User, and Automatic.
NOTE The Automatic option allows BIOS to automatically determine the translation
mode used to configure a previously-formatted IDE, SATA, or USB mass storage
device. Hence, you do not have to know how the mass storage device was previously
formatted.
Ordinarily, the translation mode selected automatically by the BIOS should not be changed.
If the selected translation mode is not compatible with the translation mode that was active
when the disk was partitioned and formatted, the data on the disk will be inaccessible.
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Computer Setup (F10) Utility
27
Table 3-1 Computer Setup Utility menu descriptions (continued)
Heading
Option
Description
Storage
Options
Removable Media Boot
Enables/disables ability to boot the system from removable media.
Legacy Diskette Write
Enables/disables ability to write data to legacy media.
BIOS DMA Data Transfers
Enables/disables DMA transfers for IDE and SATA devices when possible during POST to increase
transfer speed.
SATA Controller #0
Enables/disables SATA controller 0.
SATA Controller #1
Enables/disables SATA controller 1.
SATA Controller #2
Enables/disables SATA controller 2.
IDE Controller
Enables/disables IDE controller.
Boot Order
Enables you to configure the boot, diskette drive, and hard drive orders by physically reordering
the menu entries. Each device on the list can be individually excluded from or included for
consideration as a bootable operating system source. Boot Order presents these selections:
●
Optical drive
●
Diskette drive
●
USB device
●
Hard drive
●
Network controllers (2)
Boot devices can be disabled from participating in the boot order process. Boot order changes are
stored when the F10 Setup changes are confirmed by selecting File>Save Changes and Exit.
NOTE MS-DOS drive lettering assignments might not apply after a non-MS-DOS
operating system has started.
Shortcut to Temporarily Override Boot Order
To boot one time from a device other than the default device specified in Boot Order, restart the
workstation and press the F9 key when the F9=Boot Menu message appears on the screen. After
POST is completed, a list of bootable devices is displayed. Use the arrow keys to select the
preferred bootable device and press Enter. The workstation then boots from the selected device
for this one time.
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Chapter 3 System management
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Table 3-1 Computer Setup Utility menu descriptions (continued)
Heading
Option
Description
Security
Setup
Password
Enables you to set and enable setup (administrator) password.
NOTE If the setup password is set, you must enter Computer Setup Utility to change it,
flash the ROM, and make changes to certain plug-and-play settings under Windows.
Power-On
Password
Enables you to set and enable the power-on password.
NOTE If a power on-password is set, or the workstation cover removal sensor is
activated, entries for these items will appear in this list.
Device
Security
Makes the following devices available or hidden to the system:
●
Serial Port
●
All USB Ports
●
External USB ports
●
Front USB Ports
●
System Audio
●
IEEE 1394 Controller
●
Network Controller 1
●
Network Controller 2
●
Onboard SAS Controller
●
Embedded Security Device
For each device, Device available is the default setting and allows the operating system access to
the device. Device hidden makes the device unavailable; it is disabled by the BIOS and cannot be
enabled by the OS.
Network
Service Boot
Enables/disables a Network Service Boot which boots using the NIC PXE option ROM. In this case,
the actual boot image resides on a remote server. When enabled, you can set the boot order of
the NIC PXE option ROM and you can force a network boot by pressing F12 during POST.
System IDs
Asset Tag
A 16–byte string identifying the system.
Ownership Tag
An 80–byte string identifying ownership of the system. This tag is displayed on the screen during
POST.
UUID (Universal Unique Identifier)
Can only be updated if the current chassis serial number is invalid. (These ID numbers are normally
set in the factory and are used to uniquely identify the system.)
Keyboard
Enables you to set the keyboard locale for System ID entry.
OS Security
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Enables/disables Data Execution Prevention mode in the processors. This mode prohibits code
from running in pages that were set up as data pages, and prevents attacks such as buffer
overflows. Operating system support is required for this feature.
Computer Setup (F10) Utility
29
Table 3-1 Computer Setup Utility menu descriptions (continued)
Heading
Option
Description
Advanced
**
Power-On
Options
POST Mode (QuickBoot, FullBoot, or FullBoot every 1–30 days)
Quick boot is faster by skipping some steps such as the full memory test.
POST Messages (Enable/Disable).
When enabled, POST displays non-error messages to the screen.
F9 Prompt (Displayed/Hidden)
Displays F9=Boot Menu during POST. Hiding this feature prevents the text from being displayed,
but pressing F9 still calls up the boot menu.
F10 prompt (Displayed/Hidden)
Displays F10=Setup during POST. Hiding this feature prevents the text from being displayed but
pressing F10 still accesses the Setup screen.
F12 prompt (Displayed/Hidden)
Displays F12=Network Service Boot during POST. Hiding this feature prevents the text from
being displayed, but pressing F12 still forces the system to attempt booting from the network.
Option ROM* Prompt (Enable/Disable)
When enabled, causes the system to display a message before loading options ROMs.
Remote Wakeup Boot Source
Enables you to specify which boot device to use after a remote wake event.
After Power Loss (Off/On/Previous State)
In the event of an AC power loss, determines system behavior when power is restored. Options
are Off (stay off), On (turn on immediately), and Previous State (if the computer was on when
power was lost, power on immediately; if it was off, stay off).
POST Delay (in seconds) (None, 5, 10, 15, 20)
Specifies a delay during POST. This setting may be necessary for certain add-in peripherals that
respond slowly or violate specifications. For instance, disk drives should spin up within 15 seconds,
but some older drives might take longer.
Setup Browse Mode (Enable/Disable)
Enables viewing Setup Options without entering Setup password. Enable allows you to view Setup
in read-only mode if you do not enter the Setup password. Disable blocks Setup entirely if you do
not enter the Setup password. This option is only valid if a Setup password is set.
Thermal
Fan Idle Mode
This setting changes the minimum fan speed. The fans are still automatically controlled.
The internal fans of the system are controlled automatically to guarantee proper operation of any
configuration shipped from the factory. However, some customers with cards and configurations
with special thermal/cooling needs may need to increase the minimum spinning speed of the fans
in the system. They can do so by using this menu and selecting a higher minimal fan speed.
BIOS PowerOn
Enables you to disable or specify a day and time for BIOS power-on.
OS Power
Management
ACPI S3 Support (Enable/Disable)
Enables/disables ACPI S3 suspend-to-RAM (Standby) from OS.
ACPI S3 Hard Disk Reset (Enable/Disable)
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Chapter 3 System management
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Table 3-1 Computer Setup Utility menu descriptions (continued)
Heading
Option
Description
When awakening from the ACPI S3 state, reset IDE hard drive before returning to the OS.
ACPI S3 PS2 Mouse Wake Up (Enable/Disable)
Allow the mouse to awaken the system from the ACPI S3 state.
USB Wake on Device Insertion (Enable/Disable)
Awaken the system from ACPI S3 state on USB device insertion.
Execute
Memory Test
System re-boots and executes the memory test.
Chipset/
Memory
ECC Support (Enable/Disable)
Enables/disables memory Error Correcting Code (ECC).
Memory Scrubbing (Enable/Disable)
Enables/disables memory ECC scrubbing. If ECC Support is enabled, the scrubbing feature walks
through memory in the background to avoid accumulation of ECC errors in memory. Upon detection
of an ECC error, either during the scrubbing walk-through or during normal processor-to-memory
operation, the scrubbing mechanism corrects the data and writes it back into the corresponding
memory DIMM module.
Memory Node Interleave (Enable/Disable)
This option is valid for dual-processor systems only.
If enabled, BIOS interleaves the memory on CPU0 and CPU1 together. This option requires the
total memory installed on CPU0 (slots 1a/1b/3a/3b) and on CPU1 (slots 2a/2b/4a/4b) to be the
same.
If disabled, BIOS maps the memory connected to CPU0, then the memory connected to CPU1.
The system is then effectively in NUMA mode.
PCI SERR# Generation (Enable/Disable)
Disables PCI SERR# generation for ill-behaved PCI add-in cards that can generate spurious
SERRs.
NET Watchdog Timer (Enable/Disable)
Enables/disables the watchdog timer.
ACPI Bus Segmentation (Enable/Disable)
Enables/disables PCI bus segmentation. Disabling this option may prevent installation issues with
some Linux implementations.
HPET (Enable/Disable)
Enables/disables the High Precision Event Timer. This feature must be enabled to use low power
settings (PowerNow!). Some Linux implementations may require disabling this feature.
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Computer Setup (F10) Utility
31
Table 3-1 Computer Setup Utility menu descriptions (continued)
Heading
Option
Description
I/O**
APIC Interrupts
APIC
Allow manual configuration of system IRQs.
For more details on using this feature and on maximizing interrupt performance, refer to the
Optimizing APIC Interrupt Assignments on the xw9400 white paper available at
http://tclperf.fc.hp.com/performance_briefs/index.htm.
Onboard
Devices
Disable or set IRQ, DMA, and I/O Range values for legacy devices.
PCI Devices
Disable or select IRQ values for PCI devices.
Device Options
NIC PXE Option ROM Download (Enable/Disable)
Disable means you cannot boot from this device, but more option ROM space is available for other
devices.
Onboard SAS Option ROM Download (Enable/Disable)
Disable means you cannot boot from SAS drives, but more option ROM space is available for
other devices.
SATA Option ROM Download (Enable/Disable)
Enables or disables downloading embedded SATA option ROM. Disable means you cannot boot
from SATA devices, but more option ROM space is available for other devices.
SATA RAID (Enable/Disable)
Enables or disables SATA drives for a RAID. If disabled, a single line is displayed. If enabled, the
menu expands to allow enabling/disabling each SATA port.
Num Lock State at Power-On (Off/On)
Sets the keyboard Num Lock state after POST. The Operating System can change this state, also.
S5 Wake on LAN (Enable/Disable)
Allows the network to wake the system from shutdown (ACPI S5). When set to Disable, system
power consumption is reduced to match Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) guidelines.
Unique Sleep State Blink Rates (Enable/Disable)
Assigns different LED blink patterns for S1 and S3. (The system LED is off for S4 and S5.)
Monitor Tracking (Enable/Disable)
Enabling this option allows the ROM to save the monitor asset tracking information such as the
serial number and model.
Slot Options
32
Modifies options for:
●
Slot 1—PCI Express x8
●
Slot 2—PCI Express x16 graphics
●
Slot 3—PCI 32 bit, 33 MHz
●
Slot 4—PCI Express x16 (x8)
●
Slot 5—PCI Express x16 graphics
●
Slot 6—PCI-X 100
●
Slot 7—PCI-X 100/133
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Table 3-1 Computer Setup Utility menu descriptions (continued)
Heading
Option
Description
For PCI Express slots, the available option is Option ROM Download.
For PCI and PCI-X slots, the available options are Option ROM Download and Latency Timer.
* Available on select models.
** These options should be used by advanced users only.
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Computer Setup (F10) Utility
33
Desktop management
HP Client Management Solutions (available for download from http://www.hp.com/go/easydeploy)
provides standards-based solutions for managing and controlling workstations in a networked
environment. This section summarizes the capabilities and features of desktop management key
components:
●
Initial configuration and deployment on page 34
●
Remote system installation on page 34
●
Managing and updating software on page 35
●
ROM flash on page 37
●
Asset tracking and security on page 41
●
Fault notification and recovery on page 47
NOTE Support for specific features described in this guide might vary by model or software
version.
Initial configuration and deployment
The workstation comes with a preinstalled system software image. After a brief software unbundling
process, the workstation is ready to use.
You might prefer to replace the preinstalled software image with a customized set of system and
application software. There are several methods for deploying a customized software image, including:
●
Installing additional software applications after unbundling the preinstalled software image.
●
Using software deployment tools, such as Altiris® Deployment Solutions™, to replace the
preinstalled software with a customized software image.
●
Using a disk cloning process to copy the contents from one hard drive to another.
The best deployment method depends on your information technology environment and processes. The
PC Deployment section of the HP Lifecycle Solutions website (http://whp-sp-orig.extweb.hp.com/
country/us/en/solutions.html) provides information to help you select the best deployment method.
The Restore Plus! CD, ROM-based setup, and ACPI hardware provide further assistance with recovery
of system software, configuration management and troubleshooting, and power management.
Remote system installation
Remote System Installation enables you to start and set up your system using the software and
configuration information located on a network server. This feature is usually used as a system setup
and configuration tool, and can be used for the following tasks:
34
●
Deploying a software image on one or more new PCs
●
Formatting a hard drive
●
Installing application software or drivers
●
Updating the operating system, application software, or drivers
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To initiate Remote System Installation, press F12 when F12=Network Service Boot appears in the
lower-right corner of the HP logo screen. Follow the on-screen instructions to continue the process.
The default boot order is a BIOS configuration setting that can be changed to always attempt to PXE
boot.
HP and Altiris have partnered to provide tools designed to make the task of corporate PC deployment
and management easier and less time-consuming, ultimately lowering the total cost of ownership and
making HP PCs the most manageable client PCs in the enterprise environment.
Managing and updating software
HP provides several tools for managing and updating software on desktops and workstations—HP Client
Manager Software, Altiris Client Management Solutions, System Software Manager, Proactive Change
Notification, and Subscriber’s Choice.
HP Client Manager software
HP Client Manager Software (HP CMS) assists you in managing the hardware aspects of your client
workstations with features that include:
●
Detailed views of hardware inventory for asset management
●
PC health check monitoring and diagnostics
●
Proactive notification of changes in the hardware environment
●
Web-accessible reporting of business-critical details such as machines with thermal warnings,
memory alerts, and more
●
Remote updating of system software such as device drivers and ROM BIOS
●
Remote changing of boot order
●
Configuring the system BIOS settings
For more information on the HP Client Manager, see http://h18000.www1.hp.com/im/prodinfo.html.
Altiris Client Management solutions
HP and Altiris have partnered to provide comprehensive, tightly integrated systems management
solutions to reduce the cost of owning HP client PCs. HP Client Manager Software is the foundation for
additional Altiris Client Management Solutions that address:
●
●
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Inventory and asset management
●
Software license compliance
●
PC tracking and reporting
●
Lease contract and fixed asset tracking
Deployment and migration
●
System deployment
●
Personality migrations
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35
●
●
Help desk and problem resolution
●
Managing help desk tickets
●
Remote troubleshooting
●
Remote problem resolution
●
Client disaster recovery
Software and operations management
●
Ongoing desktop management
●
HP system software deployment
●
Application self-healing
See http://h18000.www1.hp.com/im/prodinfo.html for more information about:
●
How HP Client Manager Software works
●
Which solutions are compatible with your operating system
●
How to download a fully-functional, 30-day evaluation version of the Altiris solutions
System Software Manager
System Software Manager (SSM) is a utility that enables you to update system-level software on multiple
systems simultaneously. When executed on a PC client system, SSM detects both hardware and
software versions and then updates the appropriate software from a central repository, also known as
a file store. Driver versions that are supported by SSM are denoted with a special icon on the software,
the driver download website, and the Support Software CD. To download the utility or to obtain more
information on SSM, see http://www.hp.com/go/ssm.
Proactive Change Notification
The Proactive Change Notification program uses the Subscriber's Choice website to proactively and
automatically send you:
●
Proactive Change Notification (PCN) e-mails informing you of hardware and software changes to
most commercial workstations and servers, up to 60 days in advance.
●
E-mails containing Customer Bulletins, customer advisories, customer notes, security bulletins,
and driver alerts for most commercial workstations and servers.
You create your own profile to ensure that you only receive the information relevant to a specific IT
environment. To learn more about the Proactive Change Notification program and create a custom
profile, see http://www.hp.com/go/pcn.
Subscriber’s Choice
Subscriber’s Choice is a client-based service from HP. Based on your profile, HP supplies you with
personalized product tips, feature articles, and driver and support alerts and notifications. Subscriber’s
Choice Driver and Support Alerts/Notifications deliver e-mails notifying you that the information you
subscribed to in your profile is available for review and retrieval. To learn more about Subscriber’s
Choice and create a custom profile, see http://www.hp.com/go/pcn.
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ROM flash
The workstation comes with a programmable flash ROM. By establishing a setup password in the
Computer Setup Utility, you can protect the ROM from being unintentionally updated or overwritten,
which is important to ensure the operating integrity of the workstation. Should you need or want to
upgrade the ROM, you can:
●
Order an upgraded ROMPaq diskette from HP.
●
Download the latest ROMPaq images from HP driver and support page, http://www.hp.com/
support/files.
NOTE For maximum ROM protection, be sure to establish a setup password. The setup
password prevents unauthorized ROM upgrades. System Software Manager enables you to set
the setup password on one or more PCs simultaneously. For more information, see
http://www.hp.com/go/ssm.
Remote ROM flash
Remote ROM Flash enables you to safely upgrade the ROM on remote HP workstations directly from
the centralized network management console. Performing this task remotely on multiple workstations
and personal computers results in a consistent deployment of and greater control over HP ROM images
over the network. It also results in greater productivity and lower total cost of ownership.
The workstation must be powered on to use Remote ROM Flash.
For more information on Remote ROM Flash, see the HP Client Manager Software or System Software
Manager at http://h18000.www1.hp.com/im/prodinfo.html.
HPQFlash
The HPQFlash utility is used to locally update or restore the system ROM on individual workstations
through a Windows operating system.
For more information on HPQFlash, see http://www.hp.com/support/files and enter the name of your
workstation when prompted.
FailSafe Boot Block ROM
The FailSafe Boot Block ROM allows for system recovery in the unlikely event of a ROM flash failure,
for example, if a power failure occurs during a ROM upgrade. The Boot Block is a protected section of
the ROM that checks for a valid system ROM flash when the system is powered on.
NOTE System recovery can use a removable medium such as a diskette, CD, or USB.
●
If the system ROM is valid, the system starts normally.
●
If the system ROM fails the validation check, the FailSafe Boot Block ROM provides enough support
to start the system from a ROMPaq removable medium which will program the system ROM with
a valid image.
NOTE Workstation models that support recovery from a ROMPaq CD provide ISO ROMPaq
images in the downloadable ROM SoftPaq.
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When the Boot Block detects an invalid system ROM, the System Power LED blinks red eight times,
once every second, followed by a two-second pause. Also, you will hear eight beeps that correspond
to the blinks. A Boot Block recovery mode message is displayed on the screen (some models).
To recover the system after it enters Boot Block recovery mode:
1.
If a removable medium is loaded in the workstation, remove it and power down the workstation.
2.
Insert the appropriate ROMPaq removable medium in the workstation.
3.
Power on the workstation.
If no ROMPaq removable medium is found, you are prompted to insert one and restart the
workstation.
If a setup password has been established, the Caps Lock light illuminates and you are prompted
to enter the password.
4.
Enter the setup password.
If the system successfully starts from the removable medium and successfully reprograms the
ROM, the three keyboard lights illuminate.
5.
Remove the removable medium and restart the system.
The following table lists the various keyboard light combinations used by the Boot Block ROM (when a
PS/2 keyboard is attached to the workstation) and explains the meaning and action associated with
each combination.
Table 3-2 PS/2 keyboard light combinations used by Boot Block ROM
Light
State
Description
FailSafe Boot
Block Mode
Keyboard LED Activity
State/Message
Num Lock
On
ROMPaq diskette or ROMPaq CD not present, is bad, or drive not ready
Caps Lock
On
Enter password
Num, Caps,
Scroll Lock
Blink On in sequence,
one at a time—N,C, SL
Keyboard locked in network mode
Num, Caps,
Scroll Lock
On
Boot Block ROM Flash successful.
Diagnostic lights do not flash on USB keyboards.
Replicating the setup
The following procedures enable you to easily copy one setup configuration to other workstations of the
same model to provide faster, more consistent configuration of multiple workstations.
NOTE Setup configuration procedures require a diskette or a USB such as an HP DriveKey.
To collect and replicate BIOS settings on multiple computers, use System Software Manager or
HP Client Manager Software. For more information, see http://www.hp.com/go/easydeploy.
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Copying to a single workstation
CAUTION A setup configuration is model-specific. File system corruption can result if the
source and target workstations are not the same model. For example, do not copy the setup
configuration from an HP xw6200 Workstation to an HP xw9400 Workstation.
1.
Select a setup configuration to copy, then shut down the workstation.
2.
Reboot the workstation.
3.
As soon as the screen illuminates, press and hold the F10 key until you enter the Computer Setup
Utility. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the
workstation and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, disregard the keyboard error message that might appear.
4.
Insert the configuration diskette or USB.
5.
Click File>Replicated Setup>Save to Removable Media. Follow the instructions on the screen
to create the configuration diskette or USB.
6.
Power off the workstation to be configured and insert the diskette or USB.
7.
Power on the workstation to be configured.
8.
As soon as the screen illuminates, press and hold the F10 key until you enter the Computer Setup
Utility. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
9.
Click File>Replicated Setup>Restore from Removable Media, and follow the instructions on the
screen.
10. Restart the workstation when the configuration is complete.
Copying to multiple workstations
CAUTION A setup configuration is model-specific. File system corruption can result if the
source and target workstations are not the same model. For example, do not copy the setup
configuration from an HP xw6200 Workstation to an HP xw9400 Workstation.
This method takes a little longer to prepare the configuration diskette or USB, but copying the
configuration to target workstations is significantly faster.
NOTE A bootable diskette or USB is required for this procedure. If Windows XP is not available
to create a bootable diskette or USB, use the method for copying to a single workstation instead
(see Copying to a single workstation on page 39).
ENWW
1.
Create a bootable diskette or USB.
2.
Select a setup configuration to copy, then shut down the workstation.
3.
Power on the workstation.
4.
As soon as the screen illuminates, press and hold the F10 key until you enter the Computer Setup
Utility. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
Desktop management
39
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the
workstation and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, disregard the keyboard error message that might appear.
5.
Insert the diskette or USB.
6.
Click File>Replicated Setup>Save to Removable Media. Follow the instructions on the screen
to create the configuration diskette or USB.
7.
Download a BIOS utility for replicating setup (repset.exe), and copy it onto the configuration diskette
or USB. To obtain this utility, go to http://www.hp.com/support/files and enter the model number of
the workstation.
8.
On the configuration diskette or USB, create an autoexec.bat file containing the following
command: repset.exe cpqsetup.txt.
9.
Power off the workstation to be configured. Insert the configuration diskette or USB and power on
the workstation. The configuration utility runs automatically.
10. Restart the workstation when the configuration is complete.
Dual-state power button
With ACPI enabled, the power button can function either as an on/off switch or as a sleep button. The
feature does not completely remove the power, but instead causes the workstation to enter a low-power
standby state. This feature enables you to power off without closing applications and to return to the
same operational state without any data loss.
To change the power button configuration:
1.
Click Start, and select Control Panel>Power Options.
2.
In Power Options Properties, click the Advanced tab.
3.
In the Power Button section, select Hibernate or Standby. (Hibernate must be enabled in the
Hibernate tab to use this option.)
After configuring the power button to function as a Hibernate/Standby button, press the power button
to put the system in a very low power state. Press the button again to bring the system to full power
status.
To completely remove all power to the system, press and hold the power button for four seconds.
CAUTION Do not use the power button to power off the workstation unless the system is not
responding. Powering off the power without operating system interaction can cause damage to
or loss of data on the hard drive.
Worldwide web site
HP engineers rigorously test and debug software developed by HP and third-party suppliers, and
develop operating system specific support software, to ensure performance, compatibility, and reliability
for HP workstations.
When making the transition to new or revised operating systems, it is important to implement the support
software designed for that operating system. If you plan to run a version of Microsoft Windows that is
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different from the version included with the workstation, you must install corresponding device drivers
and utilities to ensure that all features are supported and functioning properly.
HP has made the task of locating, accessing, evaluating, and installing the latest support software easier.
You can download the software from http://www.hp.com/support. The Web site contains the latest
device drivers, utilities, and flashable ROM images needed to run the latest Microsoft Windows operating
system on the HP workstation.
Building blocks and partners
HP management solutions integrate with other systems management applications, and are based on
industry standards, such as:
●
Web-Based Enterprise Management (WBEM)
●
Windows Management Interface (WMI)
●
Wake on LAN technology
●
ACPI
●
SMBIOS
●
Pre-boot Execution Environment (PXE) support
●
Alert Standard Format
Asset tracking and security
Asset tracking features incorporated into the workstation provide key asset tracking data that can be
managed using HP Systems Insight Manager, HP Client Manager Software, or other system
management applications. Seamless, automatic integration between asset tracking features and these
products enables you to choose the management tool that is best suited to the environment and to
leverage the investment in existing tools.
HP also offers several solutions for controlling access to valuable components and information.
ProtectTools Embedded Security, if installed, prevents unauthorized access to data, checks system
integrity, and authenticates third-party users attempting system access. Security features such as
ProtectTools and the Hood Sensor (Smart Cover Sensor) help to prevent unauthorized access to the
internal components of the workstation. By disabling parallel, serial, or USB ports, or by disabling
removable media boot capability, you can protect valuable data assets. Memory Change and Hood
Sensor (Smart Cover Sensor) alerts can be automatically forwarded to system management
applications to deliver proactive notification of tampering with a workstation’s internal components.
NOTE ProtectTools, the Hood Sensor (Smart Cover Sensor), and the Hood Lock (Smart Cover
Lock) are available as options on select systems.
Use the following utilities to manage security settings on the HP workstation:
●
Computer Setup (F10) Utility (local).
●
HP Client Manager Software or System Software Manager (remote). This software enables the
secure, consistent deployment and control of security settings from a simple command line utility.
The following table and sections refer to managing security features of the workstation locally through
the Computer Setup Utility.
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Table 3-3 Security features overview
Feature
Purpose
How It Is Established
Removable Media Boot Control
Prevents booting from the removable media
drives.
Computer Setup Utility Menu.
Serial, Parallel, USB, or Infrared
Interface Control
Prevents transfer of data through the
integrated serial or USB interfaces.
Computer Setup Utility menu.
Power-On Password
Prevents use of the workstation until the
password is entered. This can apply to both
initial system startup and restarts.
Computer Setup Utility menu.
Setup Password
Prevents reconfiguration of the workstation
(use of the Setup Utilities) until the password
is entered.
Computer Setup Utility menu.
Network Server Mode
Provides unique security features for
workstations being used as servers.
Computer Setup Utility menu.
Ownership Tag
Displays ownership information, as defined by
the system administrator, during system
startup (protected by setup password).
Computer Setup Utility menu.
Kensington Cable Lock
Provision
Prevents entire system theft only.
Install a Kensington cable lock to
secure the workstation to a fixed
object.
Padlock Loop
Prevents access panel from being removed.
This loop can also be used to secure the unit
to a fixed object.
Install a padlock.
Access Panel Key Lock
(Standard)
Prevents removal of the access panel and all
internal components including optical and
floppy drives
Lock the access panel.
Universal Chassis Clamp Lock
(Optional)
The version without a cable discourages
access panel removal and prevents the theft
of I/O devices. The version with a cable
additionally prevents entire system theft and
allows multiple systems to be secured with a
single cable.
Install a chassis clamp lock.
Hood Sensor
Notifies a local or remote user when the
chassis access panel has been opened.
Install an intrusion sensor.
NOTE: For more information about the Computer Setup Utility, see Computer Setup (F10) Utility
menu on page 26.
Password security
The power-on password prevents unauthorized use of the workstation by requiring entry of a password
to access applications or data each time the workstation is turned on or restarted. The setup password
specifically prevents unauthorized access to the Computer Setup Utility and can also be used as an
override to the power-on password. That is, when prompted for the power-on password, entering the
setup password instead will allow access to the workstation.
A network-wide setup password can be established to enable the system administrator to log in to all
network systems to perform maintenance without having to know the power-on password.
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NOTE System Software Manager and HP Client Manager Software allow remote management
of setup passwords and other BIOS settings in a networked environment. For more information,
see http://www.hp.com/go/easydeploy.
Establishing a setup password in the Computer Setup (F10) Utility
Establishing a setup password through the Computer Setup Utility prevents reconfiguration of the
workstation (through use of the Computer Setup Utility) until the password is entered.
To establish a setup password using workstation setup:
1.
Power on or restart the workstation.
2.
As soon as the screen illuminates, press and hold F10 until you enter the Computer Setup Utility.
Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the
workstation and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, disregard the keyboard error message that might appear.
3.
Select Security>Setup Password, and follow the onscreen instructions.
4.
Before exiting, select File>Save Changes and Exit.
Establishing a power-on password in the Computer Setup (F10) Utility
Establishing a power-on password through the Computer Setup Utility prevents access to the
workstation when power is on, unless the password is entered. When a power-on password is set, the
Computer Setup Utility presents Password Options under the Security menu. The password options
include Network Server Mode and Password Prompt on Warm Boot.
When Network Server Mode is disabled, the password must be entered each time the workstation is
powered on when the key icon appears on the monitor. When Password Prompt on Warm Boot
is enabled, the password must also be entered each time the workstation is rebooted. When Network
Server Mode is enabled, the password prompt is not presented during POST, but any attached PS/2
keyboard remains locked until the power-on password is entered.
To enable Network Server Mode, a power-on password must be set. The option then shows up
under Advanced>Password Options. This feature allows the system to boot without asking for the
power-on password, but the keyboard and mouse are locked until you enter it. The keyboard LEDs
rotate constantly when the system is in locked mode
To establish a power-on password through workstation setup:
1.
Power on or restart the workstation.
2.
As soon as the screen illuminates, press and hold the F10 until you enter the Computer Setup
Utility. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the
workstation and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, disregard the keyboard error message that might appear.
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3.
Select Security>Power-On Password, and follow the on-screen instructions.
4.
Before exiting, select File>Save Changes and Exit.
Entering a power-on password
To enter a power-on password:
1.
Power on or restart the workstation.
2.
When the key icon appears on the monitor, enter the current password, and press Enter.
NOTE Type carefully. For security reasons, the characters you enter do not appear on the
screen.
If you enter the password incorrectly, a broken key icon appears. Try again. After three unsuccessful
tries, you must restart the workstation before you can continue.
Entering a setup password
If a setup password has been established on the workstation, you will be prompted to enter it each time
you run the Computer Setup Utility.
To enter a setup password:
1.
Power on or restart the workstation.
2.
As soon as the screen illuminates, press and hold the F10 key until you enter the Computer Setup
Utility. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the
workstation and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, disregard the keyboard error message that might appear.
3.
When the key icon appears on the monitor, enter the setup password, and press Enter.
NOTE Type carefully. For security reasons, the characters you enter do not appear on the
screen.
If you enter the password incorrectly, a broken key icon appears. Try again. After three unsuccessful
tries, you must restart the workstation, before you can continue.
Changing a power-on or setup password
To change a power-on or setup password:
1.
Power on or restart the workstation.
2.
As soon as the screen illuminates, press and hold the F10 key until you enter the Computer Setup
Utility. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE If you do not press F10 at the appropriate time, you must restart the workstation
and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, disregard the keyboard error message that might appear.
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3.
When the key icon appears, enter the current password, a slash (/) or alternate delimiter character,
your new password, another slash (/) or alternate delimiter character, and your new password again
as shown: current password/new password/new password
NOTE Type carefully. For security reasons, the characters you enter do not appear on the
screen.
4.
Press Enter.
The new password takes effect the next time you power on the workstation.
NOTE See the table of National keyboard delimiter characters on page 45 for information
about the alternate delimiter characters. The power-on password and setup password can also
be changed using the Security menu in the Computer Setup Utility.
Deleting a power-on or setup password
To delete a power-on or setup password:
1.
Power on or restart the workstation.
2.
To delete the power-on password, go to step 3.
To delete the setup password, as soon as the screen illuminates, press and hold the F10 key until
you enter the Computer Setup Utility. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the
computer and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
Use the appropriate operating system shutdown process.
3.
When the key icon appears, enter your current password followed by a slash (/) or alternate
delimiter character as shown: current password/.
4.
Press Enter.
NOTE See the National keyboard delimiter characters on page 45 for information about the
alternate delimiter characters. The power-on password and setup password can also be changed
using the Security menu in the Computer Setup Utility.
National keyboard delimiter characters
Each keyboard is designed to meet country-specific requirements. The syntax and keys that you use
for changing or deleting your password depend on the keyboard that came with your workstation.
Table 3-4 National keyboard delimiter characters
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Arabic
/
Greek
-
Russian
/
Belgian
=
Hebrew
.
Slovakian
-
BHCSY*
-
Hungarian
-
Spanish
-
Brazilian
/
Italian
-
Swedish/Finnish
/
Chinese
/
Japanese
/
Swiss
-
Desktop management
45
Table 3-4 National keyboard delimiter characters (continued)
Arabic
/
Greek
-
Russian
/
Czech
-
Korean
/
Taiwanese
/
Danish
-
Latin American
-
Thai
/
French
!
Norwegian
-
Turkish
.
French
Canadian
é
Polish
-
U.K. English
/
German
-
Portuguese
-
U.S. English
/
* For Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia, and Yugoslavia.
Clearing passwords
If you forget your password, you cannot access the workstation. See Resetting the password jumper
on page 176 for instructions on clearing passwords.
Hood sensor (Smart Cover Sensor)
The optional hood sensor is a combination of hardware and software technology that can alert you when
the workstation side access panel has been removed. There are three levels of protection, as described
in the following table.
Table 3-5 Hood sensor protection levels
Level
Setting
Description
Level 0
Disabled
Hood sensor is disabled (default).
Level 1
Notify User
When the workstation is restarted, the screen displays
a message indicating that the workstation side access
panel has been removed.
Level 2
Setup Password
When the workstation is restarted, the screen displays
a message indicating that the workstation side access
panel has been removed. You must enter the setup
password to continue.
These settings can be changed using the Computer Setup Utility.
Setting the hood sensor protection level
To set the hood sensor protection level:
1.
Power on or restart the workstation.
2.
As soon as the screen illuminates, press and hold the F10 key until you enter the Computer Setup
Utility. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key at the appropriate time, you must restart the
computer and press and hold the F10 key again to access the utility.
If you are using a PS/2 keyboard, disregard the keyboard error message that might appear.
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Chapter 3 System management
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3.
Select Security>Smart Cover>Cover Removal Sensor, then side access panel, and follow the
on-screen instructions.
4.
Select File>Save Changes and Exit.
Cable lock provision (optional)
The rear panel of the chassis can accommodate a cable lock accessory that allows the workstation to
be physically secured to a work area.
Security lock (optional)
This optional feature prevents entire system theft and discourages access panel removal.
Universal chassis clamp lock (optional)
The version without a cable discourages access panel removal and prevents theft of I/O devices. The
version with a cable also prevents entire system theft and allows multiple systems to be secured with a
single cable.
Access panel key lock
This lock prevents removal of the access panel and all internal components. The key is shipped on the
rear of the workstation.
Fault notification and recovery
Fault notification and recovery features combine innovative hardware and software technology to
prevent the loss of critical data and minimize unplanned downtime.
If the workstation is connected to a network managed by HP Client Manager software, the computer
sends a fault notice to the network management application. With HP Client Manager software, you can
also remotely schedule diagnostics to automatically run on all managed PCs and create a summary
report of failed tests.
Drive Protection System
The Drive Protection System (DPS) is a diagnostic tool built into the hard drives installed in select HP
workstations. DPS is designed to help diagnose problems that might result in unwarranted hard drive
replacement.
When HP workstations are built, each installed hard drive is tested using DPS, and a permanent record
of key information is written onto the drive. Each time DPS is run, test results are written to the hard
drive. The service provider can use this information to help diagnose conditions that caused you to run
the DPS software.
ECC fault prediction and pre-failure warranty
When the workstation encounters an excessive number of error checking and correcting (ECC) memory
errors, it displays a Local Alert message. This message contains detailed information about the errant
memory module, enabling you to take action before you experience un-correctable memory errors. The
pre-failure warranty for ECC memory modules enables you to replace these modules, free of charge,
before the modules actually fail. ECC memory modules are supported on current HP workstations.
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Desktop management
47
Thermal sensors
A thermal sensor is a hardware and software feature that tracks temperature. When combined with HP
Client Manager Software, a thermal sensor notifies the network administrator when a normal
temperature range is exceeded. For example, a thermal sensor monitors processor temperature. If
processor temperature remains too high, the system eventually shuts down.
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4
Removal and replacement procedures
This chapter describes removal and replacement procedures of most internal components.
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●
Service considerations on page 50
●
Customer Self Repair on page 54
●
Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55
●
System board components on page 56
●
System board architecture on page 58
●
Removing and replacing components on page 59
49
Service considerations
The following sections discuss service considerations that should be reviewed and practiced before
removing and replacing any system components.
WARNING! When lifting or moving the workstation, do not use the front bezel as a handle
or lifting point. Lifting the workstation from the front bezel or lifting it incorrectly can cause the unit
to fall and harm the user and damage the workstation. To properly and safely lift the workstation,
lift it from the bottom of the unit.
Read cautions, warnings, and safety precautions
For your safety, you must review Service considerations on page 50 before accessing the components
of the workstation. Also, review the Safety and Regulatory Guide that came with your workstation for
more information.
WARNING! Some parts inside the computer will be hot. Power off and unplug the system, and
wait three to five minutes for them to cool before opening the system access panels or touching
internal components.
Electrostatic discharge information
A sudden discharge of static electricity from your finger or other conductor can destroy static-sensitive
devices or microcircuitry. Often the spark is neither felt nor heard, but damage occurs. An electronic
device exposed to electrostatic discharge (ESD) might not appear to be affected at all and can work
perfectly throughout a normal cycle. The device can function normally for a while, but it has been
degraded in the internal layers, reducing its life expectancy.
Networks built into many integrated circuits provide some protection, but in many cases, the discharge
contains enough power to alter device parameters or melt silicon junctions.
Generating static
The following table shows that different activities generate different amounts of static electricity. Static
electricity increases as humidity decreases.
Table 4-1 Static electricity
Relative Humidity
5%
4%
1%
Walking across carpet
7,500 V
15,000 V
35,000 V
Walking across vinyl floor
3,000 V
5,000 V
12,000 V
Motions of bench worker
400 V
800 V
6,000 V
Removing bubble pack from PCB
7,000 V
20,000 V
26,500 V
Packing PCBs in foam-lined box
5,000 V
11,000 V
21,000 V
Event
CAUTION 700 volts can degrade a product.
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Chapter 4 Removal and replacement procedures
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Preventing electrostatic damage to equipment
Many electronic components are sensitive to ESD. Circuitry design and structure determine the degree
of sensitivity. The following packaging and grounding precautions are necessary to prevent damage to
electric components and accessories.
●
Transport products in static-safe containers, such as tubes, bags, or boxes, to avoid hand contact.
●
Protect all electrostatic parts and assemblies with conductive or approved containers or packaging.
●
Keep electrostatic-sensitive parts in their containers until they arrive at static-free stations.
●
Place items on a grounded surface before removing them from their containers.
●
When handling or touching a sensitive component or assembly, ground yourself by touching the
chassis.
●
Avoid contact with pins, leads, or circuitry.
●
Place reusable electrostatic-sensitive parts from assemblies in protective packaging or conductive
foam.
Personal grounding methods and equipment
Use the following equipment to prevent static electricity damage to equipment:
●
Wrist straps are flexible straps with a maximum of one megohm ± 10% resistance in the ground
cords. To provide a proper ground, wear the strap against bare skin. The ground cord must be
connected and fit snugly into the banana plug connector on the grounding mat or workstation.
●
Heel straps, toe straps, and boot straps can be used at standing workstations and are compatible
with most types of shoes or boots. On conductive floors or dissipative floor mats, use them on both
feet with a maximum of one-megohm ± 10% resistance between the operator and ground.
Table 4-2 Static shielding protection levels
Method
Voltage
Antistatic plastic
1,500
Carbon-loaded plastic
7,500
Metallized laminate
15,000
Grounding the work area
To prevent static damage at the work area:
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●
Cover the work surface with approved static-dissipative material. Provide a wrist strap connected
to the work surface and properly grounded tools and equipment.
●
Use static-dissipative mats, foot straps, or air ionizers to give added protection.
●
Handle electrostatic sensitive components, parts, and assemblies by the case or PCB laminate.
Handle them only at static-free work areas.
●
Turn off power and input signals before inserting and removing connectors or test equipment
●
Use fixtures made of static-safe materials when fixtures must directly contact dissipative surfaces.
Service considerations
51
●
Keep work area free of nonconductive materials, such as ordinary plastic assembly aids and
Styrofoam.
●
Use field service tools, such as cutters, screwdrivers, and vacuums, that are conductive.
Recommended materials and equipment
It is recommended that the following materials and equipment be used to prevent static electricity:
●
Antistatic tape
●
Antistatic smocks, aprons, or sleeve protectors
●
Conductive bins and other assembly or soldering aids
●
Conductive foam
●
Conductive tabletop workstations with ground cord of one-megohm ± 10% resistance
●
Static-dissipative table or floor mats with hard tie to ground
●
Field service kits
●
Static awareness labels
●
Wrist straps and footwear straps providing one-megohm ± 10% resistance
●
Material handling packages
●
Conductive plastic bags and tubes
●
Conductive tote boxes
●
Opaque and transparent metallized shielded bags
●
Transparent shielding tubes
Required tools and software
The following tools and software are required to service your workstation:
●
Torx T-15 screwdriver or flathead screwdriver
●
Diagnostics software
Screws
The screws used in the workstation are not interchangeable. They might have standard or metric threads
and might be of different lengths. If an incorrect screw is used during the reassembly process, it can
damage the unit. HP strongly recommends that all screws removed during disassembly be kept with
the removed part and then returned to their proper locations.
Special handling of components
The following components require special handling when servicing the workstation.
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Chapter 4 Removal and replacement procedures
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Cables and connectors
Cables must be handled with care to avoid damage. Apply only the tension required to seat or unseat
the cables during insertion or removal from the connector. Handle cables by the connector or pull strap
whenever possible. In all cases, avoid bending or twisting the cables, and be sure that the cables are
routed in such a way that they cannot be caught or snagged by parts being removed or replaced.
CAUTION When servicing this workstation, be sure that cables are placed in their proper
location during the reassembly process. Improper cable placement can damage the workstation.
Hard drives
Handle hard drives as delicate, precision components, avoiding all physical shock and vibration. This
guideline applies to failed drives and replacement spares. Keep the following guidelines in mind as well:
●
If a drive must be mailed, place the drive in a bubble-pack mailer or other suitable protective
packaging and label the package “Fragile: Handle With Care.”
●
Do not remove hard drives from the shipping package for storage. Keep hard drives in their
protective packaging until they are actually mounted in the workstation.
●
Avoid dropping drives from any height onto any surface.
●
If you are inserting or removing a hard drive, power off the workstation. Do not remove a hard drive
while the workstation is on.
●
Before handling a drive, be sure that you are discharged of static electricity. While handling a drive,
avoid touching the connector. For more information about preventing electrostatic damage, see
Electrostatic discharge information on page 50.
●
Do not use excessive force when inserting a drive.
●
Avoid exposing a hard drive to liquids, temperature extremes, or products that have magnetic fields
such as monitors or speakers.
Lithium coin cell battery
The battery that comes with the workstation provides power to the real-time clock and has a minimum
lifetime of about three years.
For instructions on battery removal and replacement, see Battery on page 80.
WARNING! This workstation contains a lithium battery. A risk of fire and chemical burn exists
if the battery is handled improperly. Do not disassemble, crush, puncture, short external contacts,
dispose of in water or fire, or expose it to temperatures higher than 140 degrees F (60 degrees
C).
NOTE Batteries, battery packs, and accumulators should not be disposed of with general
household waste.
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Service considerations
53
Customer Self Repair
Customer Self Repair (CSR) enables you to obtain replacement parts and install them yourself on your
workstation. See http://www.hp.com/go/selfrepair/ for more information.
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Pre-disassembly procedures
After shutdown, perform the following steps before servicing the workstation:
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1.
Remove or disengage any security devices that prohibit opening the workstation.
2.
Close any open software applications.
3.
Remove any diskettes or CDs from the workstation.
4.
Exit the operating system.
5.
Shut down the workstation and any peripheral devices that are connected to it.
6.
Disconnect the power cord from the electrical outlet and then from the workstation.
7.
Disconnect all peripheral device cables from the workstation.
Pre-disassembly procedures
55
System board components
The following image shows the system board connectors and sockets on the HP xw9400 Workstation.
Figure 4-1 System board identification
Table 4-3 System board components
Item
56
Description
Item
Description
Item
Description
Item
Description
1
Main power
13
Memory fan
25
Front control panel
37
Primary IDE**
2
Memory module
pairs
14
PCI Express x16 (x8
performance)*
26
Front USB
38
Diskette drive
3
Liquid cooling fan
15
PCI Express x16
graphics
27
Internal USB 0
39
Clear CMOS button
4
CPU1
16
PCI 32 bit, 33 MHz
28
Serial SCSI (SAS)
40
Internal USB 1
5
Serial
17
PCI Express x16 (x8
performance)*
29
PCI-X speed jumper
41
Processor power
6
SPDIF Out
18
PCI Express x16
30
Spare 12V fan
42
CPU0 fan
7
PS/2 keyboard/
mouse
19
PCI-X 100
31
Spare 12V fan
43
Fan detection jumper
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Table 4-3 System board components (continued)
Item
Description
Item
Description
Item
Description
Item
Description
8
IEEE 1394/USB
20
PCI-X 100/133
32
Serial ATA (SATA)
44
Battery
9
LAN/USB
21
CD audio
33
Hard disk activity
LED
45
CPU0
10
Chassis fan
22
Auxiliary audio
34
Password jumper
46
CPU1 fan
11
LAN/USB
23
Front audio
35
Crisis recovery
jumper
47
Memory power
12
Audio
24
Front IEEE 1394
36
PCI fan
* The PCI Express x16 is a PCI Express x16 connector that has x8 bandwidth.
** The Primary IDE connector is generally used for optical drives.
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System board components
57
System board architecture
The following image shows the HP xw9400 Workstation block diagram.
Figure 4-2 System board block diagram
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Removing and replacing components
This section discusses the procedures necessary to remove and install various hardware components
on your workstation.
Before servicing or upgrading your workstation:
1.
Review the safety precautions and the Service considerations on page 50, as well as the Safety
and Regulatory Information.
2.
Locate and clear a suitable work area.
3.
Shut down the system and remove power from the unit.
4.
Gather your tools.
5.
Remove all security devices.
6.
Service your unit.
7.
Restore power to your unit.
NOTE Prior to removing and replacing a component, make sure you remove all installed
components that obstruct or prevent the removal of the component.
If you are unsure how to remove a particular component, please do one of the following:
1. Refer to the appropriate section in this chapter.
2. If the content you desire is not referenced in this chapter, see www.hp.com/support/
xw9400_manuals and look under “Setup and Install – General” for instructions.
3. See the manufacturer’s web site for instructions for a third party (non-HP) component.
Disassembly order
Use the following table to determine the sequence in which to remove the major components.
Pre-disassembly ( Predisassembly procedures
on page 55)
Locks (Security lock
(optional) on page 61)
Access panel (Access panel on page 61)
Hood sensor (Hood sensor
(Smart cover sensor)
on page 64)
Front bezel (Front bezel
on page 62)
Front panel I/O device assembly (Front
panel I/O device assembly
on page 64)
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Removing and replacing components
59
Power button and front
speaker (Power button
assembly and system
speaker on page 65)
Optical drive (Optical
drive on page 83)
Diskette drive (Diskette
drive (optional)
on page 84)
Bezel blanks (Bezel
blanks on page 63)
Power supply (Power
supply on page 67)
System fan (System fan
on page 67)
Memory fan (Memory fan
on page 68)
Memory (Memory
on page 69)
Front fan removal (optional)
(Front fan removal
on page 78)
Battery (Battery
on page 80)
Hard drive (Hard drive
on page 87)
CPU heatsink (Removing the CPU
heatsink on page 91)
Processor (Removing the
processor on page 94)
PCI retainer (PCI retainer on page 73)
PCI retention clamp (PCI
retention clamp
on page 75)
PCI or PCI Express card (Removing
PCI or PCI Express cards
on page 76)
CPU heatsink
(Removing the CPU
heatsink on page 91)
Processor (Removing the
processor on page 94)
System board (System
board on page 96)
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Security lock (optional)
If a security padlock is installed, remove it before servicing the unit. To remove the padlock, unlock it
and slide it out of the padlock loop as shown in the following image.
Figure 4-3 Removing the security lock
Cable lock (optional)
If a cable lock is installed, remove it before servicing the unit. To remove the cable lock, unlock it and
pull it out of the cable lock slot as shown in the following image.
Figure 4-4 Removing the cable lock
Access panel
Before accessing the internal components of the workstation, the access panel must be removed.
To remove the access panel:
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Removing and replacing components
61
WARNING! Before removing the workstation access panel, be sure that the workstation is
powered off and that the power cord is disconnected from the electrical outlet.
1.
Disconnect power from the system.
2.
If a lock is present, unlock the access panel (Access panel on page 61). The keys are on the rear
panel (Rear panel components on page 4). Also, unlock any other locks that are present
(Kensington, or Padlock).
3.
Pull up on the handle and lift off the cover.
Figure 4-5 Opening the access panel
To replace the access panel, align the bottom groove of the access panel with the bottom edge of the
chassis. Rotate the access panel toward the chassis and press firmly until the latch engages.
Front bezel
To remove the front bezel:
62
1.
Lift up on the three (1) tabs located on the front bezel.
2.
Rotate the front bezel away (2) from the chassis, and remove the bezel.
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Figure 4-6 Opening the front bezel
Bezel blanks
To remove the bezel blanks:
1.
Disconnect power from the system, ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55), remove the access
panel, and remove the front bezel (Front bezel on page 62)
2.
Remove the bezel blanks by squeezing in on the tabs (1) and pulling in the bezel blanks (2).
Figure 4-7 Removing the bezel blanks
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Removing and replacing components
63
Hood sensor (Smart cover sensor)
To remove the hood sensor:
1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55) and remove the
access panel (Access panel on page 61). Remove the front bezel. Lay the workstation on its side
with the system board facing up.
2.
Remove the two hood sensor bracket screws, and remove the bracket and sensor as a unit.
Figure 4-8 Removing the hood sensor
To replace the hood sensor, reverse the previous steps.
Front panel I/O device assembly
To remove the front panel I/O device assembly:
64
1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55). Remove the access
panel (Access panel on page 61) and the front bezel (Front bezel on page 62).
2.
Unlatch the plastic snap that secures the cables inside the chassis and, disconnect the front panel
I/O device assembly cables from the system board.
3.
Remove the screws that hold the front panel I/O device assembly and bracket to the chassis, and
remove the screws that hold the front panel I/O device assembly to the bracket.
4.
Pull the front panel I/O device assembly out about two inches away from the chassis.
Chapter 4 Removal and replacement procedures
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5.
Pull the bracket away from the front panel I/O device assembly.
Figure 4-9 Removing the front panel I/O device assembly
6.
Slide the front panel cables through the chassis and out the front of the unit.
To replace the front panel I/O device assembly, reverse the previous steps.
Power button assembly and system speaker
The power button and the system speaker are part of the same assembly.
To remove the power button:
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1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55) and remove the
access panel (Access panel on page 61).
2.
Remove the front bezel (Front bezel on page 62) and the front panel I/O device assembly (Front
panel I/O device assembly on page 64).
3.
Disconnect the power button assembly cable from the system board.
4.
Disconnect the speaker wire and the hood sensor from the inline connectors on the power button
assembly cable.
5.
Remove the screw (1) that secures the power button assembly to the chassis.
Removing and replacing components
65
6.
Dislodge the metal clip from the chassis by rocking the power button back and forth. Then slide
the power button assembly (2) out from the front of the chassis.
Figure 4-10 Removing the power button assembly
To remove the speaker:
1.
Disconnect the speaker cable from the in-line front panel I/O device assembly cable, if you have
not already done so.
2.
Slide the speaker away from the three flanges and remove it from the chassis.
Figure 4-11 Removing the speaker
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Chapter 4 Removal and replacement procedures
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Power supply
1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55), and remove the
access panel (Access panel on page 61). Place the workstation on its side with the system board
facing up.
2.
Disconnect the three power supply cable connectors from the system board.
NOTE Cable ties and cable clips may be present.
3.
Disconnect the power supply connections from the optical drives, diskette drive, hard drives, and
graphics card (select models only).
4.
Remove the four screws (1) from the back panel.
5.
Slide the power supply toward the front, and lift up (2) to remove it from the chassis.
Figure 4-12 Removing the power supply
To install the power supply, reverse the previous steps.
System fan
To remove the system fan:
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1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55), and remove the
access panel (Access panel on page 61). Place the workstation on its side with the system board
facing up.
2.
Disconnect the fan power plug from the system board (1).
Removing and replacing components
67
3.
Press down on the ribbed portion of the system fan housing (2), rotate the fan housing down, and
lift the unit out of the chassis.
Figure 4-13 Removing the system fan
To replace the system fan, reverse the previous steps.
CAUTION When installing the system fan, be sure that the fan is situated so that the airflow
direction is going out of the chassis to avoid overheating.
Memory fan
To remove the memory fan:
1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55), and remove the
access panel (Access panel on page 61). Place the workstation on its side with the system board
facing up.
2.
Disconnect the memory fan power plug from the system board (1).
NOTE If the fan is simply being moved to access the DIMMs, it does not need to be
disconnected from the system board.
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Chapter 4 Removal and replacement procedures
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3.
Press the green tab in on the memory fan housing (2) and lift the unit out of the chassis (3).
Figure 4-14 Removing the memory fan
To replace the system fan, reverse the previous steps.
Memory
Memory module features
●
Eight memory slots for DIMMs, four per CPU
●
Accepts 512-MB, 1-GB , 2-GB, 4-GB DIMMs
●
32-GB maximum configuration with 4-GB DIMMs
●
Standard ECC PC2-5300 DIMMs
●
No support for mirroring
●
No spare DIMM support
Memory module requirements
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●
Use only PC2-5300 ECC DIMMs. Certified and warranted HP memory is recommended.
●
Match DIMM pairs by size and type.
Removing and replacing components
69
Removing memory module
1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55), and remove the
access panel (Access panel on page 61). Place the workstation on its side with the system board
facing up.
CAUTION To ensure that memory modules are not damaged during removal or
installation, power off the workstation and unplug the power cord from the AC power outlet.
Wait until the LED on the back of the power supply turns off before removing memory. If you
do not unplug the power cord while installing memory, your memory modules might be
damaged and the system will not recognize the memory changes.
2.
Press the green tab in on the memory fan housing (1) and lift the unit out of the chassis (2).
Figure 4-15 Removing memory fan
NOTE The system fan (System fan on page 67 )must also be removed to access DIMMs
in the rear slots.
3.
70
Gently push out on the socket levers (1).
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4.
Lift the DIMM straight up, and remove it from the unit (2).
Figure 4-16 Removing DIMM
NOTE DIMMs and DIMM sockets are keyed for proper installation. Be sure these guides align
when installing a DIMM.
Installing a memory module
NOTE HP only ships DIMMs that are electrically and thermally compatible with this product.
Because third-party DIMMs might not be electrically or thermally compatible, they are not
supported by HP.
1.
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Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55) and remove the
access panel (Access panel on page 61). Lay the workstation on its side with the system board
facing up.
Removing and replacing components
71
2.
Depress the green tabs on the memory fan housing (1) and lift the unit out of the chassis (2).
Figure 4-17 Removing the memory fan
3.
Gently push out on the socket levers.
4.
Prepare to load memory modules in valid configurations:
●
DIMMs must be loaded in matched pairs.
●
If loading two DIMMs, install them in slots 1a/1b.
●
If loading four DIMMs, install them in slots 1a/1b and 2a/2b for a dual CPU system, or in 1a/
1b and 3a/3b for a single CPU system.
●
If loading six DIMMs, install them in slots 1a/1b, 2a/2b, and 3a/3b.
●
If loading eight DIMMs, install them in all slots.
●
Load the memory module pairs in order of size, from largest to smallest.
2
4
1
3
Figure 4-18 Identifying memory slots
5.
Lower the DIMM straight down, and be sure the socket levers secure the module into place.
NOTE DIMMs and DIMM sockets are keyed for proper installation. Be sure these guides
align when installing a DIMM.
6.
Lower the memory fan until it snaps into place.
NOTE Ensure that all cables are clear of the fan housing when lowering the memory fan.
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The BIOS generates warnings/errors on invalid memory configurations.
●
If BIOS cannot obtain a valid memory configuration, it will halt the system with a diagnostics 2006
code for memory error (five beeps and blinks).
●
If memory node interleave is enabled but the memory installed on the two CPUs is not equal, BIOS
will report a warning during POST (“215-Cannot Interleave Unequal Memory Nodes”). The system
can still boot in this condition.
PCI slots
Figure 4-19 Identifying PCI slots
Table 4-4 PCI slots
Slot
Type
Ref
1
PCI Express x16 (x8)
J31
2
PCI Express x16 graphics
J41
3
PCI 32 bit, 33 MHz
J20
4
PCI Express x16 (x8)
J33
5
PCI Express x16 graphics
J32
6
PCI-X 100
J25
7
PCI-X 100/133
J26
PCI retainer
For added protection, some cards have PCI retainers installed to prevent movement during shipping.
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73
Removing the PCI retainer
1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55), and remove the
access panel (Access panel on page 61). Place the workstation on its side with the system board
facing up.
2.
For both short and tall cards, press in on the sides (1) of the retainer, and rotate it (2) out of the
chassis.
Figure 4-20 Removing the short or tall card PCI retainer
Installing the PCI retainer
1.
74
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55), and remove the
access panel (Access panel on page 61). Place the workstation on its side with the system board
facing up.
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2.
For both short and tall PCI cards, attach the hooks of the PCI retainer (1) under the slots on the
rear of the chassis, and then rotate the retainer down until the retainer arm (2) supports the card.
Figure 4-21 Installing the short or tall card PCI retainer
PCI retention clamp
1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55), and remove the
access panel (Access panel on page 61). Place the workstation on its side with the system board
facing up.
2.
Open the PCI retention clamp by pressing down on the two green clips at the ends of the clamp
and rotating the clamp toward the back of the system.
Figure 4-22 Opening the PCI retention clamp
PCI Express
PCI Express is a point-to-point architecture and uses a serial data transmission protocol. A single PCI
Express lane consists of four wires and can transmit 250 MB/s in a single direction or 500 MB/s in both
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75
directions simultaneously. This bandwidth is not affected by what is happening on other PCI Express
buses or legacy PCI/PCI-X buses (provided that total bandwidth can be handled by the CPU and the
memory subsystem.) The transmission protocol is somewhat similar to that used for a LAN connection
and contains error correction and detection, packet addressing, and other network features.
PCI Express improves system attributes. PCI Express enables a low-power, scalable, high-bandwidth
communication path with a small number of connections (wires) compared to traditional parallel
interfaces (for example, PCI).
The PCI Express I/O slots can support other PCI Express cards with lesser bus bandwidth than what is
physically defined for the slot. Use the following table to determine compatibility.
For example, a PCI Express x8 card does not work in a PCI Express x1 slot, but a PCI Express x1 card
works in a PCI Express x8 slot.
Table 4-5 PCI Express compatibility matrix for xw9400
Slot 1*
Slot 2
Slot 4
Slot 5
x16 mechanical
x16 mechanical
x16 mechanical
x16 mechanical
x8 electrical
x16 electrical
x8 electrical
x16 electrical
PCI Express x1
Card
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
PCI Express x4
Card
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
PCI Express x8
Card
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
PCI Express x16
Card
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
* Slot 1 is for short cards only.
Removing PCI or PCI Express cards
76
1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55), and remove the
access panel (Access panel on page 61). Place the workstation on its side with the system board
facing up. Remove the PCI retainer (PCI retainer on page 73) if present.
2.
Open the PCI retention clamp by pressing down on the two green clips at the ends of the clamp
(1) and rotating the clamp toward the back of the system.
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3.
Lift the PCI card out of the chassis (2). If removing a PCI Express high-end graphics card, remove
the auxiliary power supply cable (not illustrated) if required, and move the lever to release the
card (3) and lift it out of the chassis. Store the card in an anti-static bag.
Figure 4-23 Removing PCI or PCIe card
4.
For cards with extenders, release the PCI Express slot latch (1) and lift up slightly. Press the clip
on the card guide (2) and lift the card out of the chassis (3).
Figure 4-24 Removing PCIe card with extender
5.
Close the PCI retention clamp.
PCI or PCI Express installation
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1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55), and remove the
access panel (Access panel on page 61). Place the workstation on its side with the system board
facing up, and remove the PCI retainer (PCI retention clamp on page 75).
2.
Open the PCI retention clamp by pressing down on the two green clips (1) at the ends of the clamp
and rotating the clamp toward the back of the system.
Removing and replacing components
77
3.
Remove the PCI slot cover (2).
4.
Lower the PCI (3) or PCI Express (3) card into the chassis. Verify that the keyed components of
the card align with the socket.
If installing a card with an auxiliary power connector, plug in the power supply cable or adapter
cable supplied with the card (4).
5.
Ensure that all cards are properly seated, and close the PCI retention clamp.
Figure 4-25 Installing PCI or PCIe card
Front fan removal
To remove the front fan:
78
1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55), and remove the
access panel (Access panel on page 61). Place the workstation on its side with the system board
facing up.
2.
Disconnect optical and floppy drive cables from the system board. Remove full length PCI cards.
3.
Disconnect the front fan cable from the connector on the system board.
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4.
Release the two card guide latches (1), pivot the card guide toward the system board (2), and lift
it out of the chassis (3).
Figure 4-26 Removing card guide
5.
Remove the fan from the card guide by releasing the two latches and applying outward pressure
on the card guide while lifting the fan away.
Figure 4-27 Removing fan from card guide
To install the front fan:
1.
Place the fan in the card guide with the fan label facing into the card guide, and the fan protector
screen facing outward.
NOTE
2.
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Ensure that the fan blows toward the rear of the chassis.
Thread the front fan cable through the slot in the card guide.
Removing and replacing components
79
3.
Set the front fan in the card guide and snap the fan into place.
Figure 4-28 Installing the fan in card guide
4.
Lower the card guide with installed fan into the chassis. Place the card guide tabs into the chassis
slots and snap the card guide into place.
5.
Plug the front fan cable into its connector on the system board.
Battery
CAUTION Before removing the battery, be sure your CMOS settings are backed up because
all CMOS settings are lost when the battery is removed. To back up the CMOS settings, use
Computer Setup and run the Save to Diskette option from the File menu.
To remove the battery:
80
1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55), and remove the
access panel (Access panel on page 61). Place the workstation on its side with the system board
facing up.
2.
On the system board, press on the release tab of the battery holder.
3.
Rotate the battery enough to get beyond the latch, and lift it straight up.
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Figure 4-29 Removing the battery
To install the battery, slide the battery into the holder until it snaps into place.
Power connections to drives
For help in identifying power cables, refer to the following figure and table. Route or tie cables so that
they cannot interfere with the CPU heatsink fans.
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Figure 4-30 Identifying correct power connections
Table 4-6 Power connector descriptions
Connector
82
Description
P1
24-pin main power connector
P2
4-pin memory power
connector
P3
8-pin processor power
connector
P4–P8
SATA and IDE ODD/
accessory power connectors
P9
Diskette connector
P10–P14
HDD connector
P15
PCIe connector
P16
PCIe connector
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Optical drive
Your workstation might have a SATA or an IDE optical drive. To remove the optical drive:
1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55). Remove the access
panel (Access panel on page 61) and the front bezel (Front bezel on page 62).
2.
Disconnect the audio (1), data (2), and power (3) cables from the drive. The connector colors might
be different than illustrated.
NOTE The audio cable is only required for Linux-based systems.
Figure 4-31 Disconnecting IDE (left) or SATA (right) cable from optical drive
3.
Lift the green drivelock release lever, and gently slide the drive out of the chassis.
Figure 4-32 Removing optical drive from chassis
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83
To replace an optical drive:
1.
Lift the green drivelock release lever while sliding the optical drive into the bay. When the optical
drive is partially inserted, release the drivelock release lever, and slide the drive completely into
the bay until the drive is secured.
CAUTION Ensure that the optical drive is secure. Failure to do so can cause damage to
the drive when moving the workstation.
2.
Connect the power, data , and audio (if required) cables to the drive and workstation.
NOTE The audio cable is only required for Linux-based systems.
3.
If you are installing more than one optical drive, route the cable as in the following image.
Figure 4-33 Connecting IDE (left) or SATA (right) optical drive cable to system board
Replacing the SATA optical drive data cable
If your workstation has a SATA optical drive, replace the cable as follows:
1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55), and remove the
access panel (Access panel on page 61). Place the workstation on its side with the system board
facing up.
2.
Disconnect the SATA data cable from the system board and from the optical drive.
3.
Replace the cable. Attach it to the optical drive and its system board connector as shown.
Diskette drive (optional)
To remove a diskette drive:
1.
84
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55). Remove the access
panel (Access panel on page 61) and the front bezel (Front bezel on page 62).
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2.
Disconnect the cables from the back of the diskette drive.
Figure 4-34 Disconnecting cables from the diskette drive
3.
While lifting the green drivelock release tab, slide the drive forward out of the chassis.
Figure 4-35 Removing the diskette drive from the chassis
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85
4.
Remove the diskette drive from its bracket by removing the two M3 screws in the rear-most holes
and pulling the diskette drive from the bracket.
Figure 4-36 Removing the diskette drive from the bracket
To replace a diskette drive:
1.
Slide the diskette drive into the bracket, and secure it with two M3 screws.
2.
While lifting the green drivelock release tab, slide the drive into the chassis.
3.
Route the diskette drive data cable between the system board and the hard drive cage. Your cable
might look different than the one shown.
Figure 4-37 Routing the diskette drive cable to the system board
4.
86
Connect the cables to the back of the diskette drive.
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Hard drive
Replacing a hard drive
For more information on SATA hard drives and the SATA RAID configuration, see SATA devices
on page 145.
Removing a hard drive
1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55), and remove the
access panel (Access panel on page 61).
2.
Disconnect the cables from the hard drive.
3.
Push in on the green drivelock release tabs, and pull the hard drive out of the chassis.
Figure 4-38 Removing the hard drive
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Installing a hard drive
1.
Select a drive bay in which to install the drive. If installing more than one hard drive, use the hard
drive order shown in the following image.
Figure 4-39 Identifying hard drive installation order
2.
Squeeze the green tabs, and slide the rails out of the empty bay.
3.
Attach the rails to the hard drive. Align the pins on the rails with the hard drive holes, and snap the
rails into place.
Figure 4-40 Attaching rails to the hard drive
4.
88
Push the drive into the selected bay until it snaps into place.
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5.
Attach a data cable from a SATA connector on the system board to the hard drive, and attach a
power cable to the drive.
Figure 4-41 Replacing the SATA hard drive
6.
For a SAS hard drive, attach a SAS/SATA adapter to the connector on the hard drive. Attach a
data cable from a SAS connector on the system board to the hard drive, and attach a power cable
to the drive.
Figure 4-42 Installing the SAS/SATA adapter (left) and cable (right)
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Installing a hard drive In the fifth hard drive bay
To install a hard drive into fifth HDD bay:
1.
Place the workstation on its side, and remove the three drive screws that are located on the bottom
of the chassis.
Figure 4-43 Installing screws for the hard drive in the fifth hard drive bay
2.
Insert the drive into bay 5, and align the holes in the bottom of the hard drive with the screw holes
at the base of the chassis.
3.
Insert the screws through the base, and tighten them to secure the hard drive to the chassis.
4.
Attach a data cable from a SATA connector on the system board to the hard drive, and attach the
fifth drive power cable to the drive. It is attached to a clip in front of the power supply.
Figure 4-44 Attaching the data cable for the SATA hard drive in the fifth hard drive bay
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Chapter 4 Removal and replacement procedures
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Processor heatsink
Removing the CPU heatsink
NOTE The following illustrated CPU heatsink is typical of what you might have in your
workstation. Be aware that different variations of the CPU heatsinks exist, but the overall
procedures listed are sufficient to assist you in removing the CPU heatsink.
1.
Shut down the workstation, and disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly
procedures on page 55). Remove the access panel (Access panel on page 61), and place the
workstation on its side with the system board facing up.
2.
Remove the two processor screws slowly, being sure to loosen the screws evenly. Loosen one
screw (1) until the screw shank disengages from the system board, then loosen the remaining
screw (2). Do not fully loosen one screw, then move on to the next. Loosen both screws a little at
a time, so that the processor remains level.
Figure 4-45 Identifying proper screw removal order
3.
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Disconnect the CPU heatsink fan connector (1) from the system board.
Removing and replacing components
91
4.
Before lifting the heatsink, carefully break the adhesive compound between the CPU heatsink and
processor by moving the heatsink back and forth or twisting it (2).
Figure 4-46 Removing the CPU heatsink from the system board
5.
Use alcohol and a soft cloth to clean all of the thermal interface material residue from the CPU
heatsink and processor.
CAUTION Allow the alcohol on the processor and CPU heatsink to dry completely.
Replacing the CPU heatsink
1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55). Remove the access
panel (Access panel on page 61) and the CPU heatsink (Removing the CPU heatsink
on page 91).
2.
Use alcohol and a soft cloth to clean all of the thermal interface material residue from the CPU
heatsink and processor.
CAUTION Allow the alcohol on the processor and CPU heatsink to dry completely.
3.
Place the CPU heatsink on top of the processor, and align the two mounting screws with the
holes (1) in the system board.
NOTE If both CPU heatsinks were removed, be sure that all system board standoffs
engage with the keyholes in the chassis, and that the system board connectors engage
correctly with the rear I/O panel, and push back on the system board while engaging the
CPU heatsink screws with the chassis standoffs. You only need to push back when trying
to engage the first sc rew.
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4.
Connect the CPU heatsink fan connector to the system board (2).
Figure 4-47 Replacing the CPU heatsink on the system board
5.
Insert and tighten the two CPU heatsink screws. First, tighten both screws partially so that the CPU
heatsink remains level. Next, fully tighten one screw (1), then fully tighten the remaining screw
(2). Tighten to a torque setting of 6 in-lb.
Figure 4-48 Identifying proper screw removal order
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93
Processor
Removing the processor
CAUTION Use extreme care when installing or removing a processor. The exposed socket
pins are extremely fragile. Damaged sockets will require a board replacement.
Lift the processor out of the socket— do not slide the processor on the socket.
When installing a processor, align the dimples on the side of the processor with the notches in
the socket.
1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55). Remove the access
panel (Access panel on page 61) and the CPU heatsink (Removing the CPU heatsink
on page 91).
2.
Raise the processor socket handle fully (1) and lift the socket cover (2).
Figure 4-49 Raising the processor socket handle
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3.
Lift the processor straight out of the socket.
Figure 4-50 Lift the processor from the socket
CAUTION To avoid bending the socket pins, keep the processor perfectly flat when
removing or installing it.
NOTE Store the processor in a static-free, safe place where it will not be damaged.
4.
In some workstation configurations, a bypass board may be installed in the socket instead of a
processor. Remove the bypass board by lifting it straight out of the socket.
Figure 4-51 Lift the bypass board from the socket
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Removing and replacing components
95
Replacing the processor
CAUTION Use extreme care when installing or removing a processor. The exposed socket
pins are extremely fragile. Damaged sockets will require a board replacement.
Lift the processor out of the socket— do not slide the processor on the socket.
When installing a processor, align the dimples on the side of the processor with the notches in
the socket.
1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55). Remove the access
panel (Access panel on page 61), the CPU heatsink (Removing the CPU heatsink on page 91),
and the processor (Removing the processor on page 94).
2.
Raise the processor socket handle fully.
3.
If necessary, remove the bypass board from the socket. Align the notches in the processor base
with the tabs on the socket. Seat the processor into the socket. Ensure that the underside of the
processor is level with the top of the processor socket. Close the processor cover plate. Lightly
press down on the processor cover plate while closing the socket lever.
Figure 4-52 Seating the processor
System board
Removing the system board
1.
Disconnect power from the system ( Pre-disassembly procedures on page 55), and remove the
access panel (Access panel on page 61). Place the workstation on its side with the system board
facing up. Remove all expansion boards, external cables, graphics cards (Removing PCI or PCI
Express cards on page 76), and the CPU heatsink (Processor heatsink on page 91). Remove the
system and memory fan assemblies.
2.
Disconnect all cables from the system board.
NOTE Make note of the cable connections before disconnecting them from the system
board. See Power connections to drives on page 81for more information.
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3.
Rotate the system board latch lever 90 degrees (1) clockwise to unlock the system board.
4.
Slide the system board forward (2) to disengage the metal mounting standoffs from the chassis.
CAUTION Do not attempt to remove the system board mounting screws. These screws
are permanently secured and are not removable.
5.
Lift the system board out (3) of the chassis, being careful not to damage the cables and rear panel
connectors. You can lift the board by the rear audio connector and the 2 x 4 power connector (4).
Figure 4-53 Removing the system board
Replacing the System Board
1.
Insert the system board straight down, and be sure that all system board standoffs engage with
the keyholes in the chassis.
NOTE Be sure the system board connectors engage correctly with the rear I/O panel.
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2.
Push back on the board while maintaining downward pressure on the board, so all standoffs remain
engaged.
3.
Rotate the system board latch 90 degrees counter clockwise.
4.
Install the heatsink (Replacing the CPU heatsink on page 92).
5.
Install all removed components and cables.
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97
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5
System diagnostics and
troubleshooting
This chapter discusses the tools available for diagnosing and troubleshooting system issues.
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●
E-Support on page 100
●
Troubleshooting checklist on page 101
●
LED color definitions on page 102
●
HP Insight Diagnostics Offline Edition on page 103
●
Diagnostic error codes on page 107
●
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions on page 110
●
POST error messages on page 131
99
E-Support
Help and support center and E-Support
Help and Support Center (HSC) provides online access to technical support information, software
updates and downloads, diagnostic tools, and HP support contact information.
To open HSC from your desktop, click Start>Help and Support.
HSC contains four sections:
●
HP Product Information (requires Internet access)—Links to the HP Technical Support website for
your product. You can access all related documentation, downloads and updates, tools, and more.
●
HP Software and Driver Downloads (requires Internet access)—Links to HP specific software
downloads and updates.
●
HP Support Tools (requires Internet access)—Links to self-help tools and diagnostics offered by
HP Instant Support Professional Edition.
●
Contact HP for Support—Provides two different options:
●
Chat with an expert online (requires Internet access)—Provides a tool to communicate with
a support specialist online through Active Chat.
●
Call a support agent—Provides hardware details about the workstation and HP support
contact phone number worldwide.
100 Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
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Troubleshooting checklist
Before running any of the diagnostic utilities, use the following checklist to find possible solutions for
workstation or software problems.
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●
Are the workstation and monitor connected to a working electrical outlet?
●
Is the workstation powered on?
●
Is the green power light illuminated?
●
Is the monitor powered on?
●
Is the green monitor light illuminated?
●
Adjust the monitor brightness and contrast controls if the monitor is dim.
●
Press and hold any key. If the system beeps, then the keyboard is operating correctly.
●
Examine all cables for loose or incorrect connections.
●
Reconfigure the workstation after installing a non-PnP (Plug 'n Play) expansion board or other
option, such as a diskette drive.
●
Are all of the necessary device drivers installed?
●
Have all printer drivers been installed for each application?
●
Remove all diskettes and CDs from the drives before you power on the system.
●
Are you running the latest BIOS version, drivers, and/or software updates?
Troubleshooting checklist 101
LED color definitions
The front panel LED indicates system status as described in Table 1.
Table 5-1 Front panel LED color definitions
LED State
LED Color
System Status
Solid
Green
System is on.
Blinking
Green
System is in Standby mode.
Solid or blinking
Red
System has an error. See Diagnostic light codes
on page 107.
None
No light
System is in Hibernate mode, or it is off.
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HP Insight Diagnostics Offline Edition
The HP Insight Diagnostics utility enables you to perform testing and to view critical computer hardware
and software configuration information from various sources. This utility enables you to:
●
Run diagnostics.
●
View the hardware configuration of the system.
Key features and benefits
HP Insight Diagnostics simplifies the process of effectively identifying, diagnosing, and isolating the
hardware issues.
In addition to robust management tools, service tools can be invaluable in quickly resolving system
problems. To streamline the service process and resolve problems quickly, you must have the right
information available at the time you place a service call. The primary information requirement, which
is also the one that provides the greatest insight into potential system issues, is the configuration of the
system. Insight Diagnostics helps provide higher system availability. Typical uses of the Insight
Diagnostics are:
●
Testing and diagnosing apparent hardware failures
●
Documenting system configurations for upgrade planning, standardization, inventory tracking,
disaster recovery, and maintenance
●
Sending configuration information to another location for more in-depth analysis
Theory of operation
HP Insight Diagnostics Offline Edition operates in offline mode only. Here, the operating system is not
running, and software information from the system is not available to the diagnostics.
Offline Survey is available to display the current system configuration.
The Insight Diagnostics Test feature enables you to test functionality of all the major hardware
components in the system. The Test feature is designed to be flexible to enable you to customize test
selections by providing different modes and types of testing. It includes Quick, Complete, and Custom
testing levels to give you control over testing depth and required user interaction.
Download the ISO image
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1.
Browse to http://www.hp.com.
2.
Click Software & Driver Downloads.
3.
Enter your product number (for example, xw9400) in the text box, and press the Enter key.
4.
Select your operating system.
5.
Click the Diagnostic link.
6.
Locate HP Insight Diagnostics Offline on the display, and click Download.
HP Insight Diagnostics Offline Edition 103
User interface
Navigation
The Insight Diagnostics home page contains the following tabs: Survey, Test, Status, Log, and
Help. These tabs separate the major functions of Insight Diagnostics.
Survey tab
When you click the Survey tab, the Survey menu displays and enables you to view important system
configuration information. The Summary view limits the amount of data displayed, while the
Advanced view shows all the data in the selected category. Regardless of whether you choose
Advanced or Summary, the following categories of information are available on the Survey menu:
Overview—Lists general information about the computer.
All—Lists all information about the computer.
Architecture—Shows the type of bus the computer uses, and BIOS information. In addition, if the bus
is PCI, information about the PCI configuration is displayed.
Asset Control—Shows the serial number of the computer, and provides processor information.
Communication—Shows information about the computer parallel (LPT) and serial (COM) port settings,
USB, and network controller information.
Graphics—Shows information about the graphics subsystem of the computer.
Input Devices—Shows information about the type of keyboard and mouse.
Memory—Shows information about all memory in the computer, including memory on the board and
any memory modules installed.
Miscellaneous—Shows information obtained from the computers configuration memory (CMOS), BIOS
data area, Interrupt Vector table, and diagnostics component information.
Storage—Shows information about storage media connected to the computer, including all fixed disks,
floppy drives, and CD-ROM drives.
System—Shows product type, processor type and speed, and coprocessor information, and information
about all ROMs in the computer.
Test tab
The Insight Diagnostics utility enables you to test all the major pieces of hardware in the system. You
can select from several types of tests:
Quick Test—Provides a predetermined script in which a sample of most hardware components is
exercised and requires no user intervention.
Complete Test—Provides a predetermined script in which most hardware components are fully tested.
You can select Interactive or Unattended tests, which will change the devices tested during the Complete
Test. More tests are available in Interactive mode, but these require user intervention.
Custom Test—Provides the most flexibility in controlling the testing of a system. The Custom Test mode
enables you to select which devices, tests, and test parameters are run. You can select tests that do
not require any user interaction through the Interactive or Unattended test modes. More tests are
available in Interactive mode, but these require user intervention.
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To begin testing:
1.
Click the Test tab.
2.
Select Type of Test to perform, and select Interactive or Unattended as the test mode.
3.
Determine how you want the test to be executed.
●
Select Number of Loops and enter the number of loops to perform.
●
Select Total Test Times and enter the amount of time in minutes that you want the diagnostic
test to run.
4.
When choosing to run the test over a specified number of loops, enter the number of loops to
perform. If you desire to have the diagnostic test for a specified time period, enter the amount of
time in minutes.
5.
Click Begin Testing in the lower right corner of the display to start the test.
While tests are being performed, you can monitor the progress by clicking the Status tab. Any errors
that are detected are summarized in the Error Log. Click Save to save the report to a floppy disk or a
USB key drive if attached.
If the diagnostics utility detects an error during a test, you can mouse-over the failed text in the Status
tab to display additional information for the type of error and the error code.
To view all test failure information, select Error Log. To view the status of all testing that has been
performed, click the Log tab.
Status tab
The Status tab displays the status of the selected tests. The type of test executed (for example,
Quick, Complete, Custom) is displayed. The main progress bar displays the percent complete of the
current set of tests. While testing is in progress, a Cancel Testing button is activated. Clicking Cancel
Testing cancels the test job.
After testing has completed the Cancel Testing button is replaced with two buttons, Select New
Tests and Retest. Clicking the Select New Tests button enables you to go back to the previous test
selection page to select a new set of tests. Clicking the Retest button runs the last set of tests executed
without having to go back to the test selection page.
The Status page also shows the:
●
Devices being tested
●
Tests that are running
●
Overall test time
●
Individual test times
●
Condition status of each test
Log tab
The Log tab consists of two views:
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HP Insight Diagnostics Offline Edition 105
Test Log—Displays all tests that have been executed, the number of times the test executed, the
number of times the test failed, and the time it took to complete the test. Clicking the Clear Test Log
button clears the contents of the Test Log.
Error Log—Displays the tests that have failed during the diagnostic testing. Besides displaying the
device and test, this section might also include error details. The description section describes the error
that the diagnostic test found. Clicking the Recommended Repair button gives a recommended action
that should be performed to resolve the failed hardware. Te error count is the number of times the test
has failed. Clicking the Clear Error Log button clears the contents of the Error Log.
Help tab
The Help tab has three views:
●
HP Insight Diagnostics—Provides introductory and detailed information about Insight Field
Diagnostics.
●
Error Codes—Provides error code listings. It includes device tested, message, and recommended
repair information.
●
Test Components—Reloads and refreshes all components and display component details after
the refresh.
The Help tab provides information option selections:
●
Reload—Located in the upper-right corner of the display, this selection reloads all hardware
components.
●
About—Provides revision details of Insight Diagnostics.
●
Exit—Located in the lower-left corner of the display, this selection provides the option to exit
diagnostics.
Starting the diagnostic utility from CD
HP Insight Diagnostics is available on the Documentation & Diagnostic CD that was shipped with your
workstation.
To start the diagnostic utility on the Documentation & Diagnostic CD:
1.
Ensure that the diagnostic CD is inserted in the optical drive.
2.
Power-on the workstation.
3.
Press the F9 key at boot up.
4.
The workstation will boot from the diagnostic CD and automatically run the diagnostic program.
106 Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
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Diagnostic error codes
This sections provides an overview of the diagnostic lights and error codes that are related to your
workstation.
Diagnostic light codes
NOTE The beeps are heard through the chassis speaker. The blinking LEDs and beeps repeat
for five cycles. After that, only the blinking LEDs repeat.
Table 5-2 Diagnostic LED codes
Chassis Indicator LEDs
Diagnosis and Service Action
Power LED and Sound
Activity
None
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system board even when the workstation
is powered down.
System does not power on. Press power button. If HDD LED = GREEN, then:
1.
Remove expansion cards one at a time.
2.
Replace the system board.
OR
If HDD LED does not illuminate, then:
Blinks red/beeps two times,
once per second, then twosecond pause
ENWW
1.
Verify that the unit is plugged into a working AC outlet.
2.
Open access panel, and verify that the power button harness is properly connected to the
inline front panel I/O device assembly connector.
3.
Verify that the power supply cables are properly connected to the system board.
4.
Verify the power supply functionality.
a.
Disconnect AC power.
b.
Remove all internal power supply cables from the system board.
c.
Plug in AC power.
●
If the power supply fan spins and the BIST* LED lights, then the power supply
is good. Replace the system board.
●
If the power supply fan does not spin or the BIST* LED does not light, replace
the power supply.
Thermal shutdown.
1.
Ensure that the workstation system air vents are not blocked and the cooling fan is running.
2.
Open the access panel, press power button, and see if the processor fan spins. Check
both fans for a dual-processor workstation. If the processor fan is not spinning, make sure
the fan's cable is plugged into the system board header. Ensure the fan is fully/properly
seated or installed.
Diagnostic error codes 107
Table 5-2 Diagnostic LED codes (continued)
Chassis Indicator LEDs
Diagnosis and Service Action
Power LED and Sound
Activity
3.
If fan is plugged in and seated properly, but is not spinning, the problem may be in the
processor fan. Contact HP for assistance
4.
Verify that the fan assembly is properly attached. If problems persist, there may be a
problem with the processor heatsink. Contact HP for assistance.
Blinks red/beeps three times,
once per second, then a twosecond pause
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system board even when the workstation
is powered down.
CPU not installed.
1.
Check to see that the processor is present.
2.
Reseat the processor.
Blinks red/beeps four times,
once per second, then a two–
second pause
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system board even when the workstation
is powered down.
Power supply failure.
1.
Open the access panel and ensure the following connections are secure on the system
board:
●
24–pin main power
●
8–pin CPU
●
4–pin memory
2.
Locate faulty device by removing all devices and then reinstalling one at a time until
workstation fails. Replace the device causing the failure. Continue adding devices to
ensure all are functioning properly.
3.
Verify power supply functionality.
Blinks red/beeps five times,
once per second, then twosecond pause
a.
Disconnect AC power.
b.
Remove all internal power supply cables from the system board.
c.
Plug in AC power.
●
If the power supply fan spins and the BIST* LED lights, then the power supply
is good. Replace the system board.
●
If the power supply fan does not spin or the BIST* LED does not light, replace
the power supply.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system board even when the workstation
is powered down.
Pre-video memory error.
1.
Ensure DIMMs are loaded in correct slots.
2.
Reseat DIMMs.
3.
Replace DIMMs one at a time to isolate faulty module.
108 Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
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Table 5-2 Diagnostic LED codes (continued)
Chassis Indicator LEDs
Diagnosis and Service Action
Power LED and Sound
Activity
4.
Replace third-party memory with HP memory.
5.
Reseat CPUs.
6.
Replace system board.
Blinks red/beeps six times, once
per second, then a two-second
pause
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system board even when the workstation
is powered down.
Pre-video graphics card error.
1.
Ensure auxiliary power cable is connected if applicable (high power graphics cards only).
2.
Reseat the graphics card.
3.
Replace the graphics card.
4.
Replace the system board.
Blinks red/beeps seven times,
once per second, then a twosecond pause
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system board even when the workstation
is powered down.
System board failure (ROM detected failure before video).
1.
Clear CMOS by pressing the Clear CMOS button on the system board.
2.
Replace system board.
Blinks red/beeps eight times,
once per second, then a twosecond pause
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system board even when the workstation
is powered down.
Invalid ROM based on bad checksum.
1.
Clear CMOS by pressing the Clear CMOS button on the system board.
2.
Upgrade the ROM using a ROMPaq diskette, CD, diskette, or USB removable device
(e.g., HP Drive Key). See the ROM Flash section of the Service and Technical Reference
Guide at http://www.hp.com/support/workstation_manuals.
3.
Replace system board.
Blinks red/beeps nine times,
once per second, then a twosecond pause
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system board even when the workstation
is powered down.
System powers on but is unable to boot.
1.
Replace the processor.
2.
Replace the system board.
* Refer to the Service and Technical Reference Guide for your workstation for BIST information.
ENWW
Diagnostic error codes 109
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions
This section presents an extensive overview of various troubleshooting scenarios and includes possible
solutions for each.
Solving minor problems
Table 5-3 Minor problems
Problem
Workstation seems to be
locked up.
Workstation appears locked
up and will not turn off when
the power button is pressed.
Workstation date and time
display is incorrect.
Cause
Program in use has stopped
responding to commands.
Software control of the power
switch is not functional.
Real-time clock (RTC) battery
might need to be replaced.
Possible Solution
1.
Attempt the normal Windows shut down procedure.
2.
Restart the workstation using the power button.
1.
Press and hold the power button for at least four
seconds until the workstation turns off.
2.
Disconnect electrical plug from outlet.
1.
Reset the date and time under Control Panel.
2.
Replace the RTC battery.
Workstation appears to pause
periodically.
Network driver is loaded and no
network connection is
established.
Establish a network connection, or use Computer Setup or
Microsoft Windows Device Manager to disable the network
controller.
Cursor will not move using the
arrow keys on the keypad.
The Num Lock key might be on.
Press Num Lock. The Num Lock key can be disabled (or
enabled) in Computer Setup.
Poor performance is
experienced.
Processor is hot.
1.
Be sure airflow to the workstation is not blocked.
2.
Be sure the fans are connected and working properly
(some fans only operate when needed).
3.
Be sure the CPU heatsink is installed properly.
There is not enough memory.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system
board even when the workstation is powered down.
Add more memory.
Hard drive is full.
Workstation powered off
automatically and the Power
LED flashes red two times,
once every second, followed
by a two-second pause, and
two simultaneous beeps are
heard.
Delete data from the hard drive to create more space on the
hard drive.
Processor thermal protection
activated:
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system
board even when the workstation is powered down.
A fan might be blocked or not
turning.
OR
1.
Check system and CPU fan cables.
The CPU heatsink is not properly
attached to the processor.
2.
Be sure workstation air vents are not blocked and the
cooling fan is running.
3.
Open the access panel, press the power button, and
determine if the processor fan spins. If not spinning, be
sure the fan’s cable is plugged into the system board
header. Be sure the fan is fully/properly seated or
installed.
110 Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
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Table 5-3 Minor problems (continued)
Problem
Workstation does not power on
and the LEDs on the front of
the workstation are not
flashing.
Cause
Possible Solution
4.
Replace the processor fan.
5.
Reseat CPU heatsink and verify that the fan assembly
is properly attached.
System unable to power on.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system
board even when the workstation is powered down.
Press and hold the power button for less than four seconds.
If the hard drive LED turns green, then:
1.
Remove the expansion cards.
2.
Replace the system board.
OR
If the HDD LED does not illuminate, then:
1.
Verify that the unit is plugged into a working AC outlet.
2.
Open the access panel, and verify that the power
button harness is properly connected to the inline front
panel I/O device assembly connector.
3.
Verify that the power supply cables are properly
connected to the system board.
4.
Verify power supply functionality:
a.
Disconnect AC power.
b.
Remove all internal power supply cables from the
system board.
c.
Plug in AC power.
●
If the power supply fan spins and the BIST*
LED lights, then the power supply is good.
Replace the system board.
●
If the power supply fan does not spin or the
BIST* LED does not light, replace the power
supply.
Solving power supply problems
Testing power supply
Before reseating or replacing the power supply, use the BIST feature to determine if the power supply
still works.
ENWW
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions 111
To test the power supply:
1.
Disconnect AC power to the workstation.
2.
Disconnect all internal power supply cables.
3.
Plug in AC power.
a.
If the green BIST LED on the rear of the workstation is lit and the fan is spinning, the power
supply is functional.
b.
If the green BIST LED is not lit or the fan is not spinning, replace the power supply.
Figure 5-1 BIST LED
Table 5-4 Power supply problems
Problem
Cause
Power supply shuts down
intermittently.
Power supply fault.
Workstation powered off
automatically and the Power LED
flashes red two times, once every
second, followed by a two-second
pause.
Processor thermal protection
activated.
Solution
Replace the power supply.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system
board even when the workstation is powered
down.
A fan might be blocked or not
turning.
OR
The CPU heatsink fan
assembly is not properly
attached to the processor.
112 Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
1.
Be sure that the workstation air vents are not blocked
and the cooling fan is running.
2.
Open the access panel, press the power button, and
determine if the processor fan spins. If the processor
fan is not spinning, be sure the fan’s cable is plugged
into the system board header. Be sure the fan is
properly seated or installed.
3.
Check processor fan cables.
ENWW
Table 5-4 Power supply problems (continued)
Problem
Power LED flashes red, once every
two seconds.
Cause
Solution
4.
Replace the processor fan.
5.
Reseat the CPU heatsink, and verify that the fan
assembly is properly attached.
Power failure (power supply is
overloaded).
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system
board even when the workstation is powered
down.
1.
Determine whether a device is causing the problem
by removing all attached devices. Power on the
system. If the system enters the POST, then power
off and replace one device at a time and repeat this
procedure until failure occurs. Replace the device
causing the failure. Continue adding devices one at a
time to ensure all devices are functioning properly.
2.
Verify power supply functionality.
a.
Disconnect AC power.
b.
Remove all internal power supply cables from
the system board.
c.
Plug in AC power.
●
If the power supply fan spins and the BIST
LED lights, then the power supply is good.
Replace the system board.
●
If the power supply fan does not spin or the
BIST LED does not light, replace the power
supply.
Solving diskette problems
Table 5-5 Diskette problems
Problem
Diskette drive light stays on.
ENWW
Cause
Solution
Diskette is damaged.
1.
Check power and data cables.
2.
Click on My Computer.
3.
Right-click on the desired hard drive and select
Properties.
4.
Click the Tools tab.
5.
Click Check Now... to run error checking.
Diskette is incorrectly inserted.
Remove diskette and reinsert.
Files on diskette are damaged.
Check the program diskettes.
Drive cable is not properly
connected.
Reconnect power cable. Be sure that all four pins are
connected.
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions 113
Table 5-5 Diskette problems (continued)
Problem
Drive not found.
Diskette drive cannot write to a
diskette.
Cannot format diskette.
Cause
Solution
Cable is loose.
Reseat diskette drive data and power cables.
Removable drive is not seated
properly.
Reseat the drive.
Diskette is not formatted.
Format the diskette.
Diskette is write-protected.
Use another diskette or remove the write protection.
Writing to the wrong drive.
Check the drive letter in the path statement.
Not enough space is left on the
diskette.
Use another diskette.
Diskette write control is
enabled.
Use Computer Setup to check the storage security
feature disabled settings.
Diskette is damaged.
Replace the damaged disk.
Invalid media reported.
Check to see if diskette is bad.
When formatting a disk in MS-DOS, you might need to
specify diskette capacity. For example, to format a 1.44MB diskette, enter the following command at the
command prompt:
FORMAT A: /F:1440
A problem has occurred with a disk
transaction.
The directory structure is bad,
or there is a problem with a file.
Right-click Start, click Explore, and select a drive.
Select File>Properties>Tools. Under Error-checking,
click Check Now.
Diskette drive cannot read
a diskette.
Diskette is not formatted.
Format the diskette.
You are using the wrong
diskette type for the drive type.
Be sure you use the correct diskette type for the type of
drive you are using.
You are reading the wrong
drive.
Check the drive letter in the path statement.
Diskette is damaged.
Replace the diskette with a new one.
A diskette that does not contain
the system files needed to start
the workstation has been
inserted in the drive.
When drive activity stops, remove the diskette and press
the spacebar. The workstation should start up.
Diskette error has occurred.
Restart the workstation by pressing the power button.
Diskette is not bootable.
Replace with a bootable diskette.
Diskette boot has been
disabled in Computer Setup.
Run Computer Setup and enable diskette boot in
Storage>Boot Order.
Removable media boot has
been disabled in Computer
Setup.
Run Computer Setup and enable Removable Media
Boot in Storage>Storage Options.
Invalid system disk is displayed.
Cannot Boot from Diskette.
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Solving hard drive problems
Table 5-6 Hard drive problems
Problem
Solution
Hard drive error occurs.
Hard disk has bad sectors or
has failed.
Disk transaction problem.
Either the directory structure is 1.
bad or there is a problem with
2.
a file.
Drive not found (identified).
Use a disk analysis utility to locate and block usage of bad
sectors. If necessary, reformat the hard disk.
Click on My Computer.
Right-click on the desired hard drive and select
Properties.
3.
Click the Tools tab.
4.
Click Check Now... to run error checking.
Loose cable.
Check cable connections.
The system might not have
automatically recognized a
newly installed device.
1.
Run Computer Setup.
2.
If the system still does not recognize the new device,
determine if the device is listed within Computer
Setup. If it is listed, the probable cause is a driver
problem. If it is not listed, the probable cause is a
hardware problem.
3.
If this is a newly installed drive, enter Setup and try
adding a POST delay under Advanced>PowerOn>Options.
Drive's SATA controller is
disabled in Computer Setup.
Run Computer Setup and enable the SATA controllers in
Storage>Storage Options.
Drive responds slowly
immediately after power on.
Run Computer Setup, and increase the POST Delay in
Advanced>Power-On Options.
Non-system disk/NTLDR missing
message.
System is trying to start from a
non-bootable diskette.
Remove the diskette from the diskette drive so the
workstation boots from the hard disk.
Non-system disk/NTLDR missing
message.
System is trying to start from a
damaged hard drive.
●
Insert a bootable diskette into the diskette drive or a
CD into the optical drive and restart the workstation.
System files missing or not
properly installed.
1.
Insert a bootable system diskette and restart.
2.
Verify that the hard drive is partitioned and formatted.
3.
Install system files for the appropriate operating
system if necessary.
Workstation will not start.
ENWW
Cause
Hard drive boot disabled in
Computer Setup.
Run Computer Setup and enable the hard drive entry
from Storage Options, then reorder the hard drive in the
Storage>Boot Order list.
Both slow and fast UATA
devices are on the same data
cable.
Connect slower UATA devices to a separate data cable
connected to the secondary IDE (ATA) controller.
Hard drive is damaged.
Observe the beeps and LED lights on the front of the
workstation. See POST error messages on page 131.
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions 115
Solving display problems
Table 5-7 Display problems
Problem
Blank screen (no video).
Cause
Solution
The cable connections are not
correct.
Check the cable connections from the monitor to the
workstation and to a working electrical outlet.
The monitor is off.
Switch the monitor to on (LED is on). You might need to
refer to the monitor manual for an explanation of the LED
signals.
Screen blanking utility installed
or energy saver features
enabled.
Press any key or click the mouse button and, if set, enter
your password.
System ROM is bad; system is Reflash the ROM using a ROMPaq diskette or a CD.
running in FailSafe Boot Block
mode (indicated by eight
blinks/beeps).
Fixed-sync monitor will not
sync at the resolution chosen.
Be sure that the monitor can accept the same horizontal
scan rate as the resolution chosen.
Computer is in Standby mode
and the system LED is flashing
Press the power button to resume from mode.
CAUTION When attempting to resume from
Standby mode, do not hold down the power button
for more than four seconds. Otherwise, the
workstation will shut down and you will lose your
data.
Monitor settings in the
workstation are not compatible
with the monitor.
The display works properly during
the POST but goes blank when the
OS starts.
The display settings in the
operating system are
incompatible with your
graphics card and monitor.
116 Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
1.
Restart the workstation and press F8 during startup
when you see Press F8 in the bottom-right corner of
the screen.
2.
Using the keyboard arrow keys, select Enable VGA
Mode and press Enter.
3.
In Windows Control Panel, double-click the Display
icon and click the Settings tab.
4.
Use the sliding control to reset the resolution.
5.
Refer to your operating system and graphics card
documentation for information on changing display
settings.
1.
Restart the workstation and press F8 during startup
when you see Press F8 in the bottom-right corner of
the screen.
2.
Using the keyboard arrow keys, select Enable VGA
Mode and press Enter.
3.
In Windows Control Panel, double-click the Display
icon and click the Settings tab.
4.
Use the available functions to set the display to the
proper values.
5.
Refer to your operating system and graphics card
documentation for information on changing display
settings.
ENWW
Table 5-7 Display problems (continued)
Problem
Power LED flashes red six times,
once every second, followed by a
two second pause, and the
workstation beeps six times.
Solution
Pre-video graphics error.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system
board even when the workstation is powered
down.
1.
Ensure that the auxiliary power cable (if applicable) is
securely connected.
2.
Reseat the graphics card.
3.
Replace the graphics card.
4.
Replace the system board.
Monitor does not function properly
when used with energy saver
features.
Monitor without energy saver
capabilities is being used with
energy saver features
enabled.
Disable monitor energy saver feature.
Characters are dim.
The brightness and contrast
controls are not set properly.
Adjust the monitor brightness and contrast controls.
Cables are not properly
connected.
Verify that the graphics cable is securely connected to the
graphics card and the monitor.
If the graphics controller was
upgraded, the correct video
drivers might not be loaded.
Install the video drivers included in the upgrade kit.
Monitor is not capable of
displaying requested
resolution.
Change requested resolution.
The monitor connections might
be incomplete or the monitor
might be incorrectly adjusted.
1.
Be sure the monitor cable is securely connected to the
workstation.
2.
In a two-monitor system or if another monitor is in
close proximity, be sure the monitors are not
interfering with each other’s electromagnetic field by
moving them apart.
3.
Be sure that fluorescent lights or fans are not too close
to the monitor.
Video is blurry or requested
resolution cannot be set.
The picture is broken up, rolls,
jitters, or flashes.
ENWW
Cause
Monitor needs to be
degaussed.
Degauss the monitor.
Vibrating or rattling noise coming
from inside a CRT monitor when
powered on.
Monitor degaussing coil has
been activated.
None. It is normal for the degaussing coil to be activated
when the monitor is powered on.
Clicking noise coming from inside a
CRT monitor.
Electronic relays have been
activated inside the monitor.
None. It is normal for some monitors to make a clicking
noise when turned on and off, when going in and out of
Standby mode, and when changing resolutions.
High pitched noise coming from
inside a flat panel monitor.
Brightness and contrast
settings are too high.
Lower brightness and contrast settings.
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions 117
Table 5-7 Display problems (continued)
Problem
Cause
Solution
Fuzzy focus; streaking, ghosting,
or shadowing effects; horizontal
scrolling lines; faint vertical bars; or
unable to center the picture on the
screen. (Flat panel monitors using
an analog VGA input connection
only.)
Flat panel monitor’s internal
digital conversion circuits
might be unable to correctly
interpret the output
synchronization of the
graphics card.
1.
Select the monitor’s Auto-Adjustment option in the
monitor’s on-screen display menu.
2.
See the HP Support website and check for an updated
display driver.
3.
Manually synchronize the Clock and Clock Phase onscreen display functions. Download the appropriate
utility from the HP website to assist with the
synchronization.
Certain typed symbols do not
appear correct.
The font you are using does
not support that particular
symbol.
Use the Character Map to locate the and select the
appropriate symbol. Click Start>All Programs>
Accessories>System Tools>Character Map. You can
copy the symbol from the Character Map into a document.
118 Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
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Solving audio problems
Table 5-8 Audio problems
Problem
Sound does not come out of the
speaker or headphones.
Cause
Software volume control is
turned down.
Double-click the Speaker icon on the taskbar and use the
volume slider to adjust the volume.
The external speakers are not
turned on.
Turn on the external speakers.
External speakers are plugged
into the wrong audio jack.
See the sound card documentation for proper speaker
connection.
Audio cable not connected.
Connect audio cable between CD or DVD-ROM drive and
the system board.
Digital CD audio is
not enabled.
Enable digital CD audio:
1.
From the Control Panel, select System.
2.
On the Hardware tab, click Device Manager.
3.
Right-click the CD/DVD device and select
Properties.
4.
On the Properties tab, be sure Enable digital CD
audio for this CD-ROM device is selected.
Headphones or devices
connected to the line-out
connector mute the internal
speaker.
Turn on and use headphones or external speakers, if
connected, or disconnect headphones or external
speakers.
Volume is muted.
1.
From the Control Panel program, click Sound,
Speech and Audio Devices, and then click Sounds
and Audio Devices.
2.
Clear the Mute check box.
Computer is in Standby mode
and the system LED is
flashing.
Noise or no sound comes out of the
speakers or headphones.
Solution
Press the power button to resume from Standby mode.
CAUTION When attempting to resume from
Standby mode, do not hold down the power button
for more than four seconds. Otherwise, the
workstation will shut down and you will lose your
data.
1.
If using digital speakers that have a stereo jack and
want the system to auto-switch to digital, use a stereoto-mono adapter to properly engage the auto-sense
feature or use the multimedia device properties
to manually switch the audio signal from analog to
digital.
2.
If the headphones have a mono jack, use the
multimedia device properties to switch the system to
analog out.
NOTE If you set digital as the Output Mode, the internal speaker and external analog speakers will no longer output
audio until you switch back to an auto-sense or analog mode.
If you set analog as the Output Mode, external digital speakers will not function until you change the output mode back
to an auto-sense or digital mode.
ENWW
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions 119
Table 5-8 Audio problems (continued)
Problem
Cause
Solution
Sound cuts in and out.
Processor resources are being
used by other open
applications.
Shut down open processor-intensive applications.
Workstation appears to be locked
up while recording audio.
The hard disk might be full.
1.
Before recording, be sure there is enough free space
on the hard disk.
2.
Try recording the audio file in a compressed format.
Solving printer problems
Table 5-9 Printer problems
Problem
Printer does not print.Printer cable
loose.
Cause
Solution
Printer is not turned on and
online.
Turn the printer on and be sure it is online.
The correct printer driver for
the application are not
installed.
1.
Install the correct printer driver for the application.
2.
Try printing using the DOS command:
DIR C:\> [printer port]
where [printer port] is the address of the printer
being used. If the printer works, reload the printer
driver.
If you are on a network, you
might not have made the
connection to the printer.
Make the proper network connections to the printer.
Printer might have failed.
Run printer self-test.
Printer is out of ink/toner.
Replenish ink/toner.
Printer cable loose.
Check printer cable connection to non-networked, local
printer.
Printer does not turn on.
The cables might not be
connected properly.
Reconnect all cables.
Printer prints garbled information.
The correct printer driver is not
installed.
Install the correct printer driver for the application.
The cables might not be
connected properly.
Reconnect all cables.
Printer memory might be
overloaded.
Reset the printer by turning it off for one minute, then turn
it back on.
The printer might be out of
paper.
1.
Check the paper tray and refill it if it is empty.
2.
Select online.
Printer is offline.
120 Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
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Solving keyboard and mouse problems
Table 5-10 Keyboard and mouse problems
Problem
Keyboard commands and typing
are not recognized by the
workstation.
Cause
Keyboard connector is not
properly connected.
Solution
1.
Power off the workstation.
2.
Reconnect the keyboard to the workstation and
restart the workstation.
Program in use has stopped
responding to commands.
Shut down the workstation using the mouse and then
restart the workstation.
Keyboard needs repairs.
Replace the keyboard.
Keyboard key is stuck down.
Remove any debris from the keyboard.
Workstation is in Standby
mode and the system LED is
flashing.
Press the power button to resume from Standby mode.
Cursor will not move using the
arrow keys on the keypad.
The Num Lock key might be
on.
Press the Num Lock key. The Num Lock light should not
be on if you want to use the arrow keys. The Num Lock key
can be disabled (or enabled) in Computer Setup.
Mouse does not respond to
movement or is too slow.
Mouse connector is
not properly plugged into the
back of the workstation.
1.
Shut down the workstation using the keyboard.
2.
Plug the mouse connector into the PS/2 or USB
mouse connector in the workstation and restart the
workstation.
You need to increase mouse
acceleration.
1.
In Windows, click Start>Control Panel and doubleclick Mouse.
2.
Select the Motion tab and adjust the speed.
Mouse will only move vertically or
horizontally, or movement is jerky.
CAUTION When attempting to resume from
Standby mode, do not hold down the power button
for more than four seconds. Otherwise, the
workstation will shut down and you will lose your
data.
Program in use has stopped
responding to commands.
Shut down the workstation using the keyboard and then
restart the workstation.
Mouse needs repairs.
Replace the mouse.
Workstation is in Standby
mode and system LED is
flashing.
Press the power button to resume from Stand By mode.
Mouse roller ball is dirty.
Remove roller ball cover from the bottom of the mouse and
clean it.
CAUTION When attempting to resume from
Standby mode, do not hold down the power button
for more than four seconds. Otherwise, the
workstation will shut down and you will lose your
data.
Solving front panel component problems
If you are experiencing problems with one of the front panel ports, you might be able to try your device
in the corresponding port on the back side of the computer. If this does not fix the problem, or you must
use the front panel ports, continue troubleshooting.
ENWW
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions 121
Some problems in this section are also discussed in other troubleshooting suggestions in this chapter.
Table 5-11 Front panel component problems
Problem
If a USB device, headphone, or
microphone is not recognized by
the workstation.
Cause
It is not properly connected.
Power off the workstation.
2.
Reconnect the device to the workstation and restart
the workstation.
If the USB device requires AC power, be sure one end is
connected to the device and one end is connected to a live
outlet.
The correct device driver is not
installed.
1.
Install the correct driver for the device.
2.
You might need to reboot the workstation.
1.
If possible, replace the cable.
2.
Restart the workstation.
1.
Replace the device.
2.
Restart the workstation.
The internal cables might not
be connected to the system
board or the PCI card.
1.
Power off the workstation.
2.
Connect the cables correctly.
Cables of new external device
are loose or power cables are
unplugged.
Be sure that all cables are properly and securely
connected.
The power switch on the
device is not turned on.
Power off the workstation, and power on the external
device, then turn on the workstation to integrate the device
with the workstation system.
The device is not working.
A device in the IEEE-1394a port is
not responsive.
1.
The device does not have
power.
The cable from the device to
the computer does not work.
If a USB, audio, and IEEE-1394
devices are not working.
Solution
Solving hardware installation problems
You might need to reconfigure the workstation when you add or remove hardware, such as an additional
diskette drive. If you install a PnP (Plug 'n Play) device, Windows XP automatically recognizes the device
and configure the workstation. If you install a non-PnP device, you must reconfigure the workstation
after completing installation of the new hardware.
122 Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
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Table 5-12 Hardware installation problems
Problem
A new device is not recognized as
part of the system.
Workstation will not start.
Cause
Device is not seated or
connected properly.
Be sure that the device is properly and securely connected
and that pins in the connector are not bent.
Cables of new external device
are loose or power cables are
unplugged.
Be sure that all cables are properly and securely connected
and that pins in the cable or connector are not bent.
Power switch of new external
device is not turned on.
Power off the workstation, power on the external device,
and power on the workstation to integrate the device
with the workstation system.
When the system advised you
of changes to the
configuration, you did not
accept them.
Reboot the workstation, and follow the instructions for
accepting the changes.
A PnP board might not
automatically configure when
added if the default
configuration conflicts with
other devices.
Use the Device Manager to clear the automatic settings for
the board and select a basic configuration that does not
cause a resource conflict. You can also use Computer
Setup to reconfigure or disable devices to resolve the
resource conflict.
Device hardware is not
properly jumpered or
otherwise configured.
Read the device-specific configuration information and
check for incorrect settings or conflicts with other devices
already installed in the system.
Wrong memory modules were
used in the upgrade or memory
modules were installed in the
wrong location.
1.
Review workstation documentation to determine if
you are using the correct memory modules and to
verify the proper installation.
2.
Observe the beeps and LED lights on the front of the
workstation. Refer to POST error messages
on page 131 to determine possible causes.
PCI Express power cable
might be plugged into the
wrong power connector.
ENWW
Solution
Ensure that the auxiliary PCI Express power cable is
correctly connected to the PCI Express card.
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions 123
Table 5-12 Hardware installation problems (continued)
Problem
Cause
Power LED flashes red five times,
once every second, followed by a
two second pause, and the
workstation beeps five times.
Memory is installed incorrectly
or is bad.
Power LED flashes red six times,
once every second, followed by a
two second pause, and the
workstation beeps six times.
Solution
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system
board even when the workstation is powered
down.
1.
Ensure DIMMs are loaded in the correct slots.
2.
Reseat DIMMs.
3.
Replace DIMMs one at a time to isolate the faulty
module.
4.
Replace third-party memory with HP memory.
5.
Replace the system board.
Video card is not seated
properly or is bad, or system
board is bad.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system
board even when the workstation is powered
down.
1.
Ensure that auxiliary power cable is connected
correctly, if applicable.
2.
Reseat the graphics card.
3.
Replace the graphics card.
4.
Replace the system board.
Solving network problems
These guidelines do not discuss the process of debugging the network cabling.
Table 5-13 Network problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
Wake-on-LAN feature is not
functioning.
Wake-on-LAN is not enabled.
Use the Network control application to enable Wake-onLAN.
Network driver does not detect
network controller.
Network controller is disabled.
Run Computer Setup and enable network controller.
Incorrect network driver.
Check the network controller documentation for the
correct driver, or obtain the latest driver from the
manufacturer’s website.
Network status link light does not
turn on or it never flashes.
No active network is detected.
Check cabling and network equipment for proper
connection.
The network status light should
flash when there is network
activity.
Network controller is not set up
properly.
Use the network control application to verify that the
device is working properly.
Network driver is not properly
loaded.
Reinstall network drivers.
System cannot auto-sense the
network.
Disable auto-sensing capabilities and force the system
into the correct operating mode.
124 Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
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Table 5-13 Network problems (continued)
Problem
Diagnostics reports a failure.
Cause
Solution
The cable is not securely
connected.
Be sure that both ends of the data cable are securely
connected.
The cable is attached to the
incorrect connector.
Be sure that the cable is attached to the correct connector.
There is a problem with the cable
or a device at the other end of the
cable.
Be sure that the cable and device at the other end are
operating correctly.
Network controller interrupt is
shared with an expansion board.
Under the Computer Setup Advanced menu, change the
resource settings for the board.
The network controller
is defective.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
Replace the NIC.
Diagnostics passes, but the
workstation does not
communicate with the network.
Network controller stopped
working when an expansion
board was added to the
workstation.
Network controller stops working
without apparent cause.
Network drivers are not loaded, or
driver parameters do not match
current configuration.
1.
Be sure the network drivers are loaded and that the
driver parameters match the configuration of the
network controller.
2.
Be sure the correct network client and protocol is
installed.
The network controller is not
configured for this workstation.
Select the Network icon in the Control Panel and
configure the network controller.
Network controller interrupt is
shared with an expansion board.
Under the Computer Setup Advanced menu, change the
resource settings for the board.
The network controller requires
drivers.
Verify that the drivers were not accidentally deleted when
the drivers for a new expansion board were installed.
The expansion board installed is a
Network Interface Card (NIC) and
conflicts with the embedded NIC.
Under the Computer Setup Advanced menu, change the
resource settings for the board.
The files containing the network
drivers are corrupted.
Reinstall the network drivers, using the Restore Plus! CD.
The cable is not securely
connected.
Be sure that both ends of the cable are securely attached
to the correct devices.
The network controller is
defective.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
Replace the NIC.
New network card will not boot.
ENWW
New network card might be
defective or might not meet
industry-standard specifications.
Install a working, industry-standard NIC, or change the
boot sequence to boot from another source.
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions 125
Table 5-13 Network problems (continued)
Problem
Cause
Solution
Cannot connect to network
server when attempting Remote
System Installation.
The network controller is not
configured properly.
Verify Network Connectivity, that a DHCP Server is
present, and that the Remote System Installation Server
contains the NIC drivers for your NIC.
System setup utility reports
unprogrammed EEPROM.
Unprogrammed EEPROM.
Flash the ROM.
Solving memory problems
CAUTION For those systems that support ECC memory, HP does not support mixing ECC and
non-ECC memory. Otherwise, the system will not boot the operating system.
Table 5-14 Memory problems
Problem
Cause
Solution
System will not boot or does not
function properly after installing
additional memory modules.
Memory module is not the
correct type or speed, or the
new memory module is not
seated properly.
Replace module with the correct industry-standard device
for the workstation.
Out of memory error.
Memory configuration might
not be set up correctly.
Use the Device Manager to check memory configuration.
You have run out of memory to
run the application.
Check the application documentation to determine the
memory requirements, or add more memory.
Memory count during POST is
wrong.
The memory modules might
not be installed correctly.
Check that the memory modules have been installed
correctly and that proper modules are used.
Insufficient memory error during
operation.
Too many Terminate and Stay
Resident programs (TSRs) are
installed.
Delete any TSRs that you do not need.
You have run out of memory
for the application.
Check the memory requirements for the application or add
more memory to the workstation.
Power LED flashes red 5 times,
once every second, followed by a
2-second pause, and the
workstation beeps 5 times.
A total of 4 GB of RAM is installed,
yet the 32–bit OS only recognizes
≈ 3 GB.
Memory is installed incorrectly
or is bad.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system
board even when the workstation is powered
down.
1.
Ensure DIMMs are loaded in the correct slots.
2.
Reseat DIMMs.
3.
Replace DIMMs one at a time to isolate the faulty
module.
4.
Replace third-party memory with HP memory.
5.
Replace the system board.
A 32–bit OS is limited by 4 GB Use a video card that uses less on-board memory.
of address space, and some of
the space is used by I/O
devices.
126 Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
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Solving processor problems
Table 5-15 Processor problems
Problem
Poor performance is experienced.
Power LED is red and stays on.
Cause
Processor is hot.
Solution
1.
Be sure the airflow to the workstation is not blocked.
2.
Be sure the fans are connected and working properly
(some fans only operate when needed).
3.
Be sure the CPU heatsink is installed properly.
Processor is not seated
properly or not installed.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the system
board even when the workstation is powered
down.
1.
Check to see that the processor is present.
2.
Reseat the processor.
Solving CD-ROM and DVD problems
Table 5-16 CD-ROM and DVD problems
Problem
Cause
System will not boot from CD-ROM
or DVD drive.
The CD-ROM or DVD boot is
not enabled through the
Computer Setup utility.
Run the Computer Setup utility and enable booting to
removable media and verify boot order settings.
Non-bootable CD/DVD in
drive.
Place a bootable CD/DVD in the drive.
CD-ROM or DVD devices are not
detected or driver is not loaded.
Movie will not play in the DVD drive.
Cannot eject compact disc (trayload unit).
ENWW
Solution
Drive is not connected properly 1.
or not properly configured.
2.
Reconnect power and data cables to the drive.
Install correct device driver.
Movie might be regionalized
for a different country.
See the documentation that came with the DVD drive.
Decoder software is not
installed.
Install decoder software.
Disc not properly seated in the
drive.
1.
Power off the workstation, and insert a thin metal rod
into the emergency eject hole and push firmly.
2.
Slowly pull the tray out from the drive until the tray is
fully extended, and remove the disc.
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions 127
Table 5-16 CD-ROM and DVD problems (continued)
Problem
Cause
CD-ROM, CD-RW, DVD-ROM, or
DVD-R/RW drive cannot read a
disc or takes too long to start.
Disc has been inserted upside
down.
Reinsert the disc with the label facing up.
The DVD-ROM drive takes
longer to start because it has to
determine the type of media
played, such as audio or video.
Wait at least 30 seconds to let the DVD-ROM drive
determine the type of media being played. If the disc still
does not start, read the other solutions listed for this topic.
CD or DVD disc is dirty.
Clean CD or DVD with a CD cleaning kit.
Windows does not detect the
CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive.
1.
Use Device Manager to remove or uninstall the
device in question.
2.
Restart the workstation and allow Windows to detect
the device.
1.
Try using a slower recording speed.
2.
Verify that you are using the correct media for the
drive.
3.
Try a different brand of media. Quality varies widely
between manufacturers.
Recording audio CDs is difficult or
impossible.
Wrong or poor quality media
type.
128 Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
Solution
ENWW
Solving Internet access problems
Table 5-17 Internet access problems
ENWW
Problem
Cause
Solution
Unable to connect to the Internet.
Internet Service Provider (ISP)
account is not set up properly.
Verify Internet settings or contact the ISP for assistance.
Modem is not set up properly.
Reconnect the modem. Verify the connections are correct
using the quick setup documentation.
Web browser is not set up
properly.
Verify that the web browser is installed and set up to work
with your ISP.
Cable/ DSL modem is not
plugged in.
Plug in cable/DSL modem. You should see a “power” LED
light on the front of the cable/DSL modem.
The network cable is
disconnected.
Connect the network cable between the cable modem and
the workstation RJ-45 connector. If the connection works,
the PC LED light on the front of the cable/DSL modem will
be on.
Cable/DSL service is not
available or has been
interrupted due to bad
weather.
Try connecting to the Internet at a later time or contact your
ISP. (If the cable/DSL service is connected, the “cable” LED
light on the front of the cable/DSL modem will be on.)
The CAT5 10/100/1000 cable
is disconnected.
Connect the CAT5 10/100 cable between the cable modem
and the workstations’s RJ-45 connector. (If the connection
is good, the “PC” LED light on the front of the cable/DSL
modem will be on.)
IP address is not configured
properly.
Contact the ISP for the correct IP address.
Cookies are corrupted.
1.
Select Start>Control Panel.
2.
Double-click Internet Options.
3.
On the General tab, click Delete Cookies.
Cannot automatically launch
Internet programs.
You must log on to the ISP
before some programs will
start.
Log on to the ISP and launch the desired program.
Internet takes too long to download
websites.
Modem is not set up properly.
Verify that the correct modem speed and COM port are
selected.
1.
Select Start>Control Panel.
2.
Double-click System.
3.
Click the Hardware tab.
4.
In the Device Manager area, click Device Manager.
5.
Double-click Ports (COM & LPT).
6.
Right-click the COM port your modem uses, then
click Properties.
7.
Under Device status, verify that the modem is working
properly.
Troubleshooting scenarios and solutions 129
Table 5-17 Internet access problems (continued)
Problem
Cause
130 Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
Solution
8.
Under Device usage, verify the modem is enabled.
9.
If there are further problems, click Troubleshoot and
follow the on-screen instructions.
ENWW
POST error messages
POST is a program run at startup that initializes and runs some tests on installed hardware. An audible
and/or visual message occurs if the POST encounters a problem. POST checks the following items to
ensure that the workstation system is functioning properly:
●
Keyboard
●
Memory modules
●
Diskette drives
●
All SATA, IDE, and SAS mass storage devices
●
Processors
●
Controllers
NOTE If the Power-On Password is set, a key icon appears on the screen while POST is
running. You must enter the password before continuing.
Table 5-18 POST error messages
Screen Message
101–Option ROM Error.
Plug-in card ROM checksum.
102–System Board Failure
DMA, timers.
103–System Board Failure
110–Out of Memory Space for
Option ROMs
ENWW
Probable Cause
Recommended Action
Update the ROM on the card.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
1.
Clear CMOS by pressing the Clear CMOS button
on the system board.
2.
Remove expansion boards.
3.
Replace the system board.
DMA, timers.
Option ROM for a device was unable
to run due to memory constraints.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
1.
Clear CMOS by pressing the Clear CMOS button
on the system board.
2.
Remove expansion boards.
3.
Replace the system board.
Remove expansion boards and disable unneeded
devices from I/O>Onboard Devices or
Storage>Storage Options. Run Computer Setup
(F10).
POST error messages 131
Table 5-18 POST error messages (continued)
Screen Message
162–System Options Not Set
163–Time and Date Not Set
164–Memory Size Error
201–Memory Error
207–ECC Corrected Single Bit
Errors in DIMM slot(s)
Probable Cause
Your system configuration has
changed since your last boot, in which
case press F1. Or, a loss of power to
the Real Time clock has occurred.
Recommended Action
1.
Run Computer Setup (F10).
2.
Set the date and time under Windows Control
Panel or in the F10 Setup menu.
3.
If the problem persists, replace the RTC battery.
Invalid time or date in configuration
memory.
1.
Set the date and time under Control Panel or in
F10 Setup, depending on the operating system.
RTC (real-time clock) battery might
need to be replaced.
2.
If the problem persists, replace the RTC battery.
The system memory size has changed 1.
since the last boot.
2.
If the problem persists, be sure memory modules
(if any) are installed correctly.
3.
If third-party memory has been added, test using
HP memory only.
4.
Verify proper memory module type.
The memory test performed during
startup failed.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
1.
Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup) or Windows
utilities.
2.
Ensure that memory modules are installed
correctly.
3.
Verify proper memory module type.
4.
If third-party memory has been added, test using
HP memory only.
5.
Remove and replace memory modules one at a
time to isolate faulty module.
6.
Replace the faulty memory modules.
7.
If error persists after replacing memory modules,
replace the system board.
Corrected ECC error(s) detected.
132 Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
Pressing F1 will record the configuration.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
1.
Verify proper memory module type.
2.
Verify 3rd party/HP memory.
3.
Try another memory socket.
4.
Replace memory module if problem persists.
ENWW
Table 5-18 POST error messages (continued)
Screen Message
211–Memory warning
condition detected
213–Incompatible ECC
Memory Module in memory
Socket(s)
214–DIMM Configuration
Warning
Probable Cause
Recommended Action
An unknown issue with one of the
DIMMs has been detected.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
1.
Verify proper memory module type.
2.
Try another memory socket.
3.
Replace memory module if problem persists.
The memory modules in the system
are either not all ECC, or not all nonECC. This could also be caused
because the DIMM is missing critical
SPD information.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
1.
Verify that all memory modules are ECC or nonECC.
2.
Replace memory module if problem persists.
DIMMs not installed correctly (not
paired correctly).
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
Refer to Memory on page 69 for the correct memory
configurations and reseat the DIMMs accordingly.
215–Cannot Interleave
Unequal Memory Nodes
301–Keyboard Error
ENWW
Memory node interleave enabled but
memory on CPU0 is unequal with the
memory on CPU1.
Keyboard failure.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
1.
Reconfigure memory in both nodes equally.
2.
Disable memory node interleave.
1.
Reconnect keyboard with workstation
powered off.
2.
Check the connector for bent or missing pins.
3.
Be sure that none of the keys are pressed or stuck.
4.
Replace keyboard.
POST error messages 133
Table 5-18 POST error messages (continued)
Screen Message
303–Keyboard Controller Error
304–Keyboard or System Unit
Error
Probable Cause
Recommended Action
I/O board keyboard controller.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
1.
Reconnect keyboard with workstation
powered off.
2.
Replace the system board.
Keyboard failure.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
1.
Reconnect the keyboard to the powered-off
workstation.
2.
Be sure that none of the keys are pressed or stuck.
3.
Replace keyboard.
4.
Replace system board.
510–Splash Screen Image
Corrupted
Splash Screen image has errors.
Restore BIOS.
511–CPU Fan Not Detected
Fan is not connected or it might have
malfunctioned.
1.
Reseat fan cable.
2.
Reseat the fan.
3.
Replace the fan.
512–PCI 1 Fan Not Detected
513–Chassis Fan or Memory
Fan Not Detected
Fan is not connected or it might have
malfunctioned.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
1.
Reseat PCI fan cable.
2.
Replace PC1 fan.
Memory or system fan is not
connected or it might have
malfunctioned.
516–Processors Do Not Have Installed processors operate at
the Same Frequency Operating different frequencies.
Range
134 Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
1.
Reseat memory or system fan connector.
2.
Replace memory or system fan.
Replace a processor so that both operate at the same
frequency.
ENWW
Table 5-18 POST error messages (continued)
Screen Message
Probable Cause
516–Processors Do Not Have
the Same Frequency Operating
Range
Installed processors operate at
different frequencies.
517–Front IEEE 1394 Not
Connected
Front IEEE 1394 port is not connected.
518–Detected invalid MAC
address
Recommended Action
Replace a processor so that both operate at the same
frequency.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
1.
Connect IEEE 1394 cable to system board.
2.
Replace system board.
Workstation has invalid MAC address.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
●
601–Diskette Controller Error
605–Diskette Drive Type Error
ENWW
Diskette controller circuitry or diskette
drive circuitry incorrect.
Mismatch in drive type.
Verify correct MAC address. If incorrect, replace
system board.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
1.
Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
2.
Ensure that cables are connected correctly.
3.
Check and replace cables.
4.
Clear CMOS by pressing the Clear CMOS button
on the system board.
5.
Replace diskette drive.
6.
Replace the system board.
1.
Check drive cables.
2.
Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
3.
Disconnect any other diskette controller devices
(tape drives).
4.
Clear CMOS by pressing the Clear CMOS button
on the system board.
5.
Replace diskette drive.
710–NET Watchdog Timer
Expired from Last Boot
System hung during last boot.
Press F1 to boot.
912–Computer Cover Has
Been Removed Since Last
System Start Up
System has been opened since last
boot.
No action required.
POST error messages 135
Table 5-18 POST error messages (continued)
Screen Message
914–Hood Lock Coil is not
Connected
915–Fan Power from Power
Supply Not Connected
916–Power Button Not
Connected
Probable Cause
Hood lock mechanism is missing or
not connected.
Recommended Action
1.
Reconnect or replace the hood locking
mechanism.
2.
Reseat or replace the hood locking mechanism
cable.
The fan power cable is not connected,
or the power supply is bad.
The power button is not connected.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
1.
Verify that all power supply cables are connected.
2.
Replace the power supply.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
Connect the power button.
917–Front Audio Not
Connected
The front audio cable is not connected.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
Connect the front audio cable.
918–Front USB Not Connected Front USB is not connected.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
Connect the front USB cable.
921–Device in PCI Express
Slot Failed to Initialize
A PCI Express card was detected in
one of the slots, but failed to initialize
properly.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
Reseat all PCI Express cards. If this failure occurred
after inserting a new card, there could be a problem with
that card.
922–Fatal error on slot #
Fatal error occurred in the designated
slot.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
Try moving card to a different slot. If the problem
persists, try replacing the card.
136 Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
ENWW
Table 5-18 POST error messages (continued)
Screen Message
923–Non fatal error on slot #
1155–Serial Port Address
Conflict Detected.
Both external and internal serial ports
are assigned to same IRQ.
Device IRQ address conflicts with
another device. (Usually due to an
add-in audio card.)
1720 SMART Hard Drive
Detect Imminent Failure
Hard drive is about to fail. (Some hard
drives have a firmware patch that will
fix an erroneous error message.)
1801–Microcode Update Error
Recommended Action
A PCI or PCIe non-fatal error condition
occurred for the device in the
designated slot.
1201–System Audio Address
Conflict Detected
1800–Temperature Alert
ENWW
Probable Cause
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
1.
Reseat the card.
2.
Try moving card to a different slot.
3.
If the problem persists, replace the card.
1.
Remove any COM port expansion cards.
2.
Clear CMOS by pressing the Clear CMOS button
on the system board.
3.
Reconfigure card resources and run Computer
Setup (F10 Setup).
4.
Run Computer Setup or Windows utilities.
Reset the IRQ.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
1.
Determine if hard drive is giving correct error
message.
2.
Run the Drive Protection System test if applicable.
3.
Apply firmware patch if applicable
(see http://www.hp.com/support).
4.
Back up contents and replace hard drive.
Internal temperature exceeds
specification.
Missing or Invalid Processor
Microcode Update.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
1.
Check that workstation air vents are not blocked
and that the cooling fan is running.
2.
Verify processor speed selection.
3.
Replace the processor.
4.
Replace the system board.
Upgrade BIOS to the current version.
POST error messages 137
Table 5-18 POST error messages (continued)
Screen Message
1802–CPU0 Not Supported
Probable Cause
Recommended Action
The system board does not support
the processor.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
Replace the processor with a compatible one.
1803–CPU1 Not Supported
The system board does not support
the processor.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
Replace the processor with a compatible one.
1805–CPU Bypass Board is
Missing
Bypass board not detected on singleprocessor system.
CAUTION Disconnect AC power from the
workstation before reseating or replacing
components because there is power to the
system board even when the workstation is
powered down.
Install bypass board or install second processor.
Invalid Electronic Serial
Number
Electronic serial number has become
corrupted.
138 Chapter 5 System diagnostics and troubleshooting
●
Run Computer Setup. Enter the serial number
under Security>System IDs, and save the
changes.
ENWW
A
ENWW
SAS devices
139
Supported SAS RAID configurations
The following RAID configurations are supported on the HP xw9400 Workstation.
NOTE This section does not apply to configuring RAID in the Linux environment. For RAID in
the Linux environment, configure SW RAID configurations as provided by Red Hat Enterprise
Linux.
●
Up to 5 internal or 8 external SAS hard disk drives/JBOD.
●
External connections require optional internal-to-external cable
●
SAS drives require SATA to SAS data and power converter
●
LSI MyStorage Utility for Windows
●
RAID 0 (IS) – Striped disk array
●
●
●
Two drives minimum
●
Improved I/O performance
●
No fault tolerance
RAID 1 (IM) — Mirrored disk array
●
Two drives
●
Improved read performance
●
100% redundancy
●
Can recover from single drive failure
RAID 1E (IME)
●
Three drives minimum
●
Can be an odd number of drives
●
Can always recover from a single drive failure, and in some cases, recover from two drive
failures
140 Appendix A SAS devices
ENWW
SAS RAID 0 (IS) configuration
Follow the steps below to configure an Integrated Striped (IS) volume with the BIOS-based configuration
utility. The configuration procedure assumes that the system already has the required disks attached to
the SAS/SATA ports.
1.
At the BIOS splash screen, press any key to view option ROM messages.
2.
Press Ctrl-C at the prompt Press Ctrl-C to Start LSI Logic Configuration Utility to start the utility.
3.
On the Adapter List screen of the LSI Logic Config Utility, use the arrow keys to highlight an adapter
(SAS1068e), then press Enter.
4.
On the Adapter Properties screen use the arrow keys to highlight RAID Properties, then press
Enter.
5.
In the Select New Array Type-SAS1068e screen, use the arrow keys to highlight Create IS
Volume, then press Enter.
6.
In the Create New Array-SAS1068e screen, use the arrow keys to select the first disk for the Create
IS volume. Then use the arrow keys to move to the Raid Disk column for this disk, and press
the SPACE, +, or - key to select Yes as the value for this column. If there is existing data on the
disk, a message displays warning you that data on the disk is lost when the striped volume is
created. Press the M key to migrate, or the D key to delete the data on the drive.
NOTE An xw9400 chassis supports up to 5 internal hard disk drives. Using external cables,
up to three additional drives can be connected via individual external drives for a total of
eight drives. Up to 128 devices can be supported via connection to a JBOD.
7.
Repeat the previous step to select up to four more disks for the striped volume.
8.
Press the C key to create the array once all drives have been chosen.
9.
Use the arrow keys to select Save Changes then Exit this Menu, then press Enter.
10. Press Esc-Esc. Use the arrow keys to highlight Exit the Configuration Utility and Reboot, then
press Enter.
11. If necessary, change the boot order in system BIOS to obtain the correct boot device.
ENWW
SAS RAID 0 (IS) configuration 141
SAS RAID 1 (IM) configuration
Follow the steps below to configure an Integrated Mirroring (IM) volume with the BIOS-based
configuration utility. The configuration procedure assumes that the system already has the required
disks attached to the SAS/SATA ports.
1.
At the BIOS splash screen, press any key to view option ROM messages.
2.
Press Ctrl-C at the Press Ctrl-C to Start LSI Logic Configuration Utility prompt to enter the
configuration utility.
3.
On the Adapter List screen of the LSI Logic Config Utility, use the arrow keys to highlight an adapter
(SAS1068e), then press Enter.
4.
On the Adapter Properties-SAS1068e screen use the arrow keys to highlight RAID Properties,
then press Enter.
5.
On the Select New Array Type screen, use the arrow keys to highlight the Create Volume IM
volume, then press Enter.
6.
In the Create New Array-SAS1068e screen, use the arrow keys to select the primary disk for the
IM volume (the disk with the data you want to mirror.) Use the arrow keys to move to the Raid Disk
column for this disk and use the Space, +, or - key to select Yes as the value. If there is existing
data on the disk, a message appears warning you that data on the disk is lost when the disk is
used in an IM array.
Press the M key to keep the existing data and migrate to an IM array. Synchronization of the disk
occurs. Press he D key to overwrite the existing data and create a new IM array. No synchronization
is performed.
CAUTION All data on all disks in the array is deleted if D is selected.
After selecting M or D, the Drive Status changes to Primary for the initial drive selected.
7.
Use the arrow keys to select the secondary (mirrored) disk for the IM volume. Use the SPACE,
+, or - key to select Yes as the value for the Array Disk column. When the second drive selected
in RAID Disk is set to Yes, Drive Status changes to Secondary.
●
[Optional] Use the arrow keys to select a hot spare disk for the IM volume. Use SPACE, +,
or - to select Yes as the value in the Hot Spr column.
8.
When you have completed selection of drives and hot spares for the IM array, press C to create
the array.
9.
Use the arrow keys to select Save Changes then Exit this Menu, then press Enter.
10. Press Esc-Esc. Use the arrow keys to highlight Exit the Configuration Utility and Reboot, and
press Enter.
11. If necessary, change the boot order in system BIOS to obtain the correct boot device.
142 Appendix A SAS devices
ENWW
SAS RAID 1E (IME) configuration
Follow the steps below to configure an Integrated Mirroring Extended (IME) volume with the BIOS-based
configuration utility. The configuration procedure assumes that the system already has the required
disks attached to the SAS/SATA ports.
1.
At the BIOS splash screen, press any key to view option ROM messages.
2.
Press Ctrl-C at the Press Ctrl-C to Start LSI Logic Configuration Utility prompt to enter the
configuration utility.
3.
On the Adapter List screen of the LSI Logic Config Utility, use the arrow keys to highlight an adapter
(SAS1068e), then press Enter.
4.
On the Adapter Properties-SAS1068e screen use the arrow keys to select RAID Properties, then
press Enter.
5.
On the Select New Array Type-SAS1068e screen, use the arrow keys to highlight Create IME
Volume, then press Enter.
●
In the Create New Array-SAS1068e screen, use the arrow keys to select the first disk for the
IME volume. Use the arrow keys to move to the RAID Disk column for this disk, and use
the SPACE, +, or - key to select Yes as the value.
6.
Use the arrow keys to select the next disk for the IME volume. Use the SPACE, +, or - key to
select Yes as the value for the RAID Disk column.
7.
Repeat the previous steps to select up to four more disks for the IME volume. If you want to
configure a hot spare disk for the volume, you can only select up to three more disks.
●
[Optional] Use the arrow keys to select a Hotspare disk for the IME volume. Use SPACE, +,
and - to select Yes as the value in the Hot Spr column.
8.
When you have completed selection of the drives and hot spares for the IME array, press C to
create the array.
9.
Use the arrow keys to highlight Save Changes Then Exit this Menu, and press Enter.
10. Press Esc-Esc. Use the arrow keys to highlight Exit the Configuration Utility and Reboot, and
press Enter.
11. If necessary, change the boot order in system BIOS to obtain the correct boot device.
ENWW
SAS RAID 1E (IME) configuration 143
Changing boot order
If the RAID array will be a data array, the disk drive with the operating system must appear higher in the
boot order. If the RAID array will be the operating system drive, it should appear higher in the boot order.
To change the boot order:
1.
Press F10 to call up the BIOS Setup utility when booting the system.
2.
If first boot, select the desired language and press Enter. English is the default.
3.
Use the arrow keys to highlight Storage>Boot Order, and press Enter.
4.
In the Hard Drive section device names are listed in order of boot. Use the arrow keys to move the
cursor to the device that you want to move. Press Enter to highlight the device.
5.
Use the up/down arrow keys to move the device to the desired order location. Press Enter to unhighlight the device.
6.
Press F10 to save changes.
7.
Use the arrow keys to highlight File>Save Changes and Exit. Press Enter, then F10.
144 Appendix A SAS devices
ENWW
B
SATA devices
This appendix describes how to use the NVIDIA MediaShield utility to set up and manage SATA RAID
volumes.
The SATA RAID option must be enabled in BIOS and the SATA drives must be attached to the
workstation ports to configure them into a RAID array.
Attach the required number of SATA HDDs for the desired RAID level:
ENWW
●
RAID 0–two to six HDDs–data is striped across drives for performance
●
RAID 1–two HDDs–data is mirrored on two drives for security
●
RAID 5–three to six HDDs–data is striped across drives with parity for performance with security
●
RAID 10–four to six HDDs–data is mirrored and striped across all drives for security and some
performance
145
Enable SATA RAID option in BIOS
To enable the SATA RAID option in BIOS:
1.
During boot up, press F10 to enter the Setup menu. Entering BIOS Setup (Press F10) appears
at the bottom of the screen.
2.
If first boot, select the desired language and press Enter.
3.
Use the arrow keys to highlight I/O>Device Options and press Enter.
4.
Use the up/down arrow keys to place the cursor next to SATA RAID. Use the left/right arrow keys
to change the State to Enable.
NOTE All six ports (0–5) then indicate they are enabled. If the operating system boot drive
is a non-RAID SATA drive, this port should have RAID disabled.
5.
Use the up/down arrow keys to place the cursor next to the ports that are not to be included in the
RAID array. Use the left/right arrow keys to change the state of each of them to Disable.
6.
Press F10 when all ports have been set to the desired state.
7.
Use the arrow keys to highlight File>Save Changes and Exit. Press Enter, then press F10 to save
changes.
The workstation will reboot after the changes are saved. After the workstation reboots, the BIOS displays
the MediaShield copyright message.
146 Appendix B SATA devices
ENWW
Configuring a SATA RAID array
To configure a SATA RAID array:
1.
At the BIOS splash screen, press any key to view option ROM messages.
2.
Press F6 to enter the RAID setup utility when Press F6 to enter RAID setup utility is displayed.
3.
On the Define a New Array screen, RAID Mode is highlighted in blue and mirroring is set as the
default setting. Press Enter to show the RAID modes. This mode enables control of mirroring,
striping, stripe mirroring, spanning, and RAID 5.
4.
Use the up/down arrow keys to highlight in red the desired RAID type, then press Enter. The desired
RAID mode will be highlighted in blue.
5.
Press the Tab key to move the blue highlight to Striping Block:.
6.
Use the up/down arrow keys to highlight in red the desired striping block size (4K, 8K, 16K 32K,
64K, 128K or Optimal). Press Enter to select the desired size.
NOTE Optimal is the default and is generally selected. It is determined by the RAID
controller for best fit.
7.
Press the Tab key to move the blue highlight to the Free Disks section.
NOTE All drives available for RAID are listed and the first drive is highlighted in red.
8.
Use the up/down arrow keys to highlight in red the drives to be included in the RAID array.
9.
Use the right arrow key to move the drive to the Array Disks section.
NOTE The left arrow key moves the red highlighted drive in the Array Disks section to the
Free Disks section.
10. Press F7 to finish when all desired drives selected for the array are in the Array Disks section.
11. To clear disk data press Y, or to save disk data in the array press N.
The Array List window appears showing the created array. It contains Status, Bootable, Vendor,
and Array Model Name information.
12. Press Ctrl-X to exit the utility.
ENWW
Configuring a SATA RAID array 147
Changing boot order
If the RAID array will be a data array, the disk drive with the operating system must appear higher in the
boot order. If the RAID array will be the operating system drive, it should appear higher in the boot order.
To change the boot order:
1.
Press F10 to call up the BIOS Setup utility when booting the system.
2.
If first boot, select the desired language and press Enter. English is the default.
3.
Use the arrow keys to highlight Storage>Boot Order, and press Enter.
4.
In the Hard Drive section device names are listed in order of boot. Use the arrow keys to move the
cursor to the device that you want to move. Press Enter to highlight the device.
5.
Use the up/down arrow keys to move the device to the desired order location. Press Enter to unhighlight the device.
6.
Press F10 to save changes.
7.
Use the arrow keys to highlight File>Save Changes and Exit. Press Enter, then F10.
148 Appendix B SATA devices
ENWW
Deleting RAID volumes
Use the NVIDIA MediaShield utility to delete RAID volumes.
1.
Press F6 to enter the RAID setup utility when Press F6 to enter RAID setup utility is displayed.
The MediaShield Utility displays the array list. One of the arrays listed is highlighted in red.
2.
Use the up/down arrow keys to highlight RAID volume to be deleted.
3.
Press Enter to enter the array details. The Array Details screen shows the array details. Press D
to delete, then Y to confirm the delete.
The screen then returns to either Array List or Define a New Array.
ENWW
Deleting RAID volumes 149
150 Appendix B SATA devices
ENWW
C
ENWW
Connector pins
151
Connector pin descriptions
Ethernet connector
Serial connector
USB connector
IEEE 1394 connector
152 Appendix C Connector pins
Pin
Signal
1
(+) Transmit Data
2
(-) Transmit Data
3
(+) Receive Data
4
Unused
5
Unused
6
(-) Receive Data
7
Unused
8
Unused
Pin
Signal
1
Carrier Detect
2
Receive Data
3
Transmit Data
4
Data Terminal Ready Signal
5
Ground
6
Data Set Ready
7
Request to Send
8
Clear to Send
9
Ring Indicator
Pin
Signal
1
+5 VDC
2
- Data
3
+ Data
4
GND
Pin
Signal
ENWW
Microphone connector (1/8 inch)
Headphone connector (1/8 inch)
Line-in audio connector (1/8 inch)
Line-out audio connector (1/8 inch)
SPDIF OUT connector
ENWW
1
power
2
gnd
3
tpb-
4
tpb+
5
tpa-
6
tpa+
Pin
Signal
1 (Tip)
Audio
2 (Ring)
Power
3 (Shield)
Ground
Pin
Signal
1 (Tip)
Audio_Left
2 (Ring)
Audio_Right
3 (Shield)
Ground
Pin
Signal
1 (Tip)
Audio_In_Left
2 (Ring)
Audio_In_Right
3 (Shield)
Ground
Pin
Signal
1 (Tip)
Audio_Out_Left
2 (Ring)
Audio_Out_Right
3 (Shield)
Ground
Pin
Signal
1
+VDC
2
Ground
Connector pin descriptions 153
SPDIF OUT internal header
Pin
Signal
1
+VDC
2
Ground
NOTE The SPDIF Out internal header is used in parallel with the SPDIF OUT connector. Only
one should be used at a time.
SATA connector
Pin
Signal
Pin
Data Cable
Signal
Pin
Power Cable
Signal
Power Cable
S-1
Ground
P-1
3.3-V power
P-8
5-V power
S-2*
A+
P-2
3.3-V power
P-9
5-V power
S-3*
A-
P-3
3.3-V power
P-10
Ground
S-4
Ground
P-4
Ground
P-11
Reserved
S-5**
B-
P-5
Ground
P-12
Ground
S-6**
B+
P-6
Ground
P-13
12-V power
S-7
Ground
P-7
5-V power
P-14
12-V power
P-15
12-V power
* S2 and S3 differential signal pair
**S5 and S6 differential signal pair
154 Appendix C Connector pins
ENWW
SAS connector
Segment
Primary signal segment
Pin
Backplane receptacle
S1
SIGNAL GROUND
S2
TP+
RP+
S3
TP-
RP-
S4
Secondary signal segment
SIGNAL GROUND
S5
RP-
TP-
S6
RP+
TP+
S7
SIGNAL GROUND
S8
SIGNAL GROUND
S9
TS+
RS+
S10
TS-
RS-
S11
Power segment
ENWW
Plug and cable
receptacles
SIGNAL GROUND
S12
RS-
TS-
S13
RS+
TS+
S14
SIGNAL GROUND
P1
V33c
P2
V33c
P3
V33c precharge c
P4
GROUND
P5
GROUND
P6
GROUND
P7
V5c precharge c
P8
V5c
P9
V5c
P10
GROUND
P11
READY LED d
P12
GROUND
P13
V12 precharge c
P14
V12c
P15
V12c
Connector pin descriptions 155
VGA cconnector
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
Red Analog
6
GND
11
Monitor ID
2
Green Analog
7
GND
12
DDC Serial Data
3
Blue Analog
8
GND
13
Horizontal Sync
4
Monitor ID
9
+5V DC
14
Vertical Sync
5
GND
10
GND
15
DDC Serial Clock
DVI connector
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
T.M.D.S DATA 2-
16
HOT PLUG DETECT
2
T.M.D.S DATA 2+
17
T.M.D.S DATA 0-
3
T.M.D.S DATA 2/4 SHIELD
18
T.M.D.S DATA 0+
4
T.M.D.S DATA 4-
19
T.M.D.S DATA 0/5 SHIELD
5
T.M.D.S DATA 4+ 2
0
T.M.D.S DATA 5-
6
DDC CLOCK
21
T.M.D.S DATA 5+
7
DDC DATA
22
T.M.D.S CLOCK SHIELD
8
ANALOG VERT. SYNC
23
T.M.D.S CLOCK+
9
T.M.D.S DATA 1-
24
T.M.D.S CLOCK-
10
T.M.D.S DATA 1+
11
T.M.D.S DATA 1/3 SHIELD
C1
ANALOG RED
12
T.M.D.S DATA 3-
C2
ANALOG GREEN
13
T.M.D.S DATA 3+
C3
ANALOG BLUE
14
+5V POWER
C4
ANALOG HORZ SYNC
15
GND
C5
ANALOG GROUND
156 Appendix C Connector pins
ENWW
ATA/ATAPI (IDE) standard drive cable connector
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
Reset
15
DD1
29
DMAK
2
GND
16
DD14
30
GND
3
DD7
17
DD0
31
INTRQ
4
DD8
18
DD15
32
IOCS16
5
DD6
19
GND
33
DA1
6
DD9
20
(Key)
34
PDIAG (cable detect)
7
DD5
21
DMARQ
35
DA0
8
DD10
22
GND
36
DA2
9
DD4
23
DIOW
37
CS1FX
10
DD11
24
GND
CS3FX
38
11
DD3
25
DIOR
39
DASP
12
D12
26
GND
40
GND
13
D2
27
IORDY
14
D13
28
CSEL
24-Pin Main power connector
ENWW
13
24
1
12
1
+3.3 V
8
POK
14
-12 V
21
+5 V
2
+3.3 V
9
+5 Vaux
15
GND
22
+5 V/+5 V-Rsense
3
GND
10
+12V-B
16
PS_ON_L
23
+5 V
4
+5 V
11
+12V-B
17
GND
24
GND
5
GND
12
+3.3 V
18
GND
6
+5 V
13
+3.3 V/+3.3 V-Rsense
19
GND
7
GND
20
Connector pin descriptions 157
4-Pin power (memory system board) connector
8-Pin power (for CPUs and onboard regulators)
connector
5
8
4
1
Pin
Color
Signal
1
BLK
GND
2
BLK
GND
3
BLK w/YEL stripe
+12V-M
4
BLK w/YEL stripe
+12V-M
Pin
Color
Signal
1
BLK
GND
2
BLK
GND
3
BLK
GND
4
BLK
GND
5
Gray
+12 V CPU0 Rsense
BLK w/WHT stripe
+12 V CPU0
6
BLK w/WHT stripe
+12VCPU0
7
BLK w/light blue
stripe
+12VCPU1
8
BLK w/light blue
stripe
+12VCPU1
NOTE The 6-pin power (auxiliary PCI Express) is only required with high-powered graphics
cards.
6-Pin power (auxiliary PCI Express)
4
1
6
3
158 Appendix C Connector pins
Pin
Color
Signal
1
BLK w/YEL stripe
+12V-G
2
BLK w/YEL stripe
+12V-G
3
BLK w/YEL stripe
+12V-G
4
BLK
GND
5
BLK
GND
6
BLK
GND
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Keyboard connector
Pin
Signal
1
Data
Unused
Ground
2
3
4
5
+5 VDC
Clock
Unused
6
Mouse connector
Pin
Signal
1
Data
Unused
Ground
2
3
4
5
+5 VDC
Clock
Unused
6
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Connector pin descriptions 159
160 Appendix C Connector pins
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D
System board designators
This appendix lists the system board designators for this system.
Designator
Silkscreen
Component
BAT1
BAT1
Battery retainer
E15
CRISIS RECOVERY
Boot Block recovery jumper
E49
CLR PSWD
Clear password jumper
J9
None
Stacked RJ45/dual USB
J12
FRNT 1394
Front panel 1394a header
J14
SPDIF OUT connector
J15
None
Stacked RJ45/dual USB
J20
SLOT3 PCI32/33
PCI 32–bit slot
J25
SLOT6 PCI-X x100
PCI-X slot
J26
SLOT7 PCI-X x100/133
PCI-X slot
J31
SLOT1 PCI-E x8
PCIe x8 slot
J32
SLOT5 PCI-E x16
PCIe x16 slot
J33
SLOT4 PCI-E x8
PCIe x8 slot
J34
FRNT-P
Front panel connector
J41
SLOT2 PCI-E x16
PCI Express x16 slot for graphics
J68
None
Stacked keyboard/mouse connector
J83
Triple stacked audio jack
J84
1394/USB
IEEE 1394a/dual USB stacked connector
JP13
1-2 FORCE TO100 MHz
PCI-X bus speed select jumper*
2-3 100/133 MHz (DEFAULT)
JP16
HBA HDD LED ACTIVITY
HBA HDD LED activity header
JP30
FAN DET OVR
Fan detection override jumper
P1
PWR
Main power connector (24-pin)
P2
PWR2
Memory power connector (4-pin)
P3
PWRCPU
Processor power connector (8-pin)
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161
Designator
Silkscreen
Component
P7
CD
CD analog audio connector
P8
CHASSIS FAN
Primary chassis fan header
P10
FLPY
Floppy connector
P11
AUX
Auxiliary audio connector
P19
SPDIF OUT
SPDIF OUT header
P20
PRIMARY IDE
Primary IDE connector
P23
FRNT AUD
Front panel audio header
P24
FRNTUSB2–3
Front panel USB header
P25
IUSB1
Internal USB header
P26
IUSB0
Internal USB header (Requires AMO kit with
USB cable)
P54
None
Serial port connector
P60-63, P66-67
SATA0-SATA5
SATA Connectors
P70
CPUFAN0
CPU0 fan header
P71
CPUFAN1
CPU1 fan header
P80-87
SAS/SATA0–SAS/SATA7
SAS Connectors
P91
LIQUID COOLING FAN
Liquid cooling fan connector
P92
PCI FAN
PCI fan header
P93
MEMORY FAN
Memory fan header
P94
12V FAN
12-V fan header
P95
12V FAN
12-V fan header
SW50
CMOS
Clear CMOS switch/push button
U15
ROM
ROM socket
XMM1
DIMM3b
Memory slot
XMM2
DIMM3a
Memory slot
XMM3
DIMM1b
Memory slot
XMM4
DIMM1a
Memory slot
XMM5
DIMM4b
Memory slot
XMM6
DIMM4a
Memory slot
XMM7
DIMM2b
Memory slot
XMM8
DIMM2a
Memory slot
XU1
CPU0
Primary processor socket
XU2
CPU1
Secondary processor socket
162 Appendix D System board designators
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* With the jumper on pins 1 and 2, the PCI-X bus speed is 100 MHz, regardless of the card configuration
in slots 6 and 7. With the jumper on pins 2 and 3 (default), the following PCI-X bus speed/card
configuration applies:
Card configuration
Max PCI-X bus speed achieved*
One card in slot 7 only
133 MHz
One card in slot 6 only
100 MHz
Two cards, one in each slot
100 MHz
* Dependent upon card capability.
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163
164 Appendix D System board designators
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E
Power cord set requirements
The power cord set (flexible cord or wall plug) received with this product meets the requirements for use
in the country where you purchased the equipment.
If you must obtain a power cord for a different country, purchase a power cord that is approved for use
in that country.
The power cord must be rated for the product and for the voltage and current marked on the product’s
electrical ratings label. The voltage and current rating of the cord should be greater than the voltage and
current rating marked on the product. The length of the cord must be between 1.8 m (6 feet) and 3.6 m
(12 feet). If you have questions about the type of power cord to use, contact an HP authorized service
provider.
Route the power cord so that it is not likely to be walked on or pinched by items placed on it or against
it. Pay particular attention to the plug, electrical outlet, and the point where the cord exits from the
product.
NOTE Use a 15 A-capable (minimum) power cord with a 110V power source. Use a 10 Acapable (minimum) power cord with a 220V power source.
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165
166 Appendix E Power cord set requirements
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F
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Routine care
167
General cleaning safety precautions
●
Never use solvents or flammable solutions to clean the workstation.
●
Never immerse any component in water or cleaning solutions; apply any liquids to a clean cloth
and then use the cloth on the component.
●
Always unplug the workstation before cleaning the keyboard, mouse, or air vents.
●
Disconnect the keyboard before cleaning it.
●
Wear safety glasses equipped with side shields when cleaning the keyboard.
168 Appendix F Routine care
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Maximizing the airflow
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●
Keep your workstation in an area where the airflow to the front and rear of the system is not
obstructed.
●
If possible, keep the unit off of surfaces where dust can gather.
●
Keep the back of the unit at least 0.15 m (6 in.) away from a wall or other obstruction.
●
Keep the front of the unit clear of any obstruction that keeps air from entering the front of the system.
●
Remove any dust on the front panel (vent area) and the rear fans with a small vacuum, compressed
air, or dust rag.
Maximizing the airflow 169
Cleaning the workstation case
●
Follow the safety precautions presented in Service considerations on page 50 before cleaning the
workstation.
●
To remove light stains or dirt, use plain water with a clean, lint-free cloth or swab.
●
For stronger stains, use a mild dish-washing liquid diluted with water. Rinse well by wiping it with
a cloth or swab dampened with clear water.
●
For stubborn stains, use isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol. No rinsing is needed because the alcohol will
evaporate quickly and not leave a residue.
●
After cleaning, always wipe the unit with a clean, lint-free cloth.
●
Occasionally clean the air vents on the workstation. Lint and other foreign matter can block the
vents and limit the airflow.
170 Appendix F Routine care
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Cleaning the keyboard
CAUTION Use safety glasses equipped with side shields before attempting to clean debris from
under the keys.
●
Follow the safety precautions presented in Service considerations on page 50 before cleaning the
keyboard.
●
Visible debris underneath or between the keys can be removed by vacuuming or shaking.
●
Canned, pressurized air can be used to clean debris from under the keys. Use caution because
too much air pressure can dislodge lubricants applied under the wide keys.
●
If you remove a key, use a specially designed key puller to prevent damage to the keys. This tool
is available through many electronic supply outlets.
CAUTION Never remove a wide leveled key (like the space bar) from the keyboard. If
these keys are improperly removed or installed, the keyboard might not function properly.
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●
Clean under a key with a swab moistened with isopropyl alcohol and squeezed out. Be careful not
to wipe away lubricants necessary for proper key functions. Allow the parts to air dry before
reassembly.
●
Use tweezers to remove any fibers or dirt in confined areas.
Cleaning the keyboard 171
Cleaning the monitor
●
Follow the safety precautions presented in Service considerations on page 50 before cleaning the
monitor.
●
To clean the monitor, wipe the monitor screen with a towelette designed for cleaning monitors or
a clean cloth moistened with water.
CAUTION Do not use sprays or aerosols directly on the screen—the liquid might seep into
the housing and damage a component.
Never use solvents or flammable liquids on the monitor because display or housing damage
may result.
172 Appendix F Routine care
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Cleaning the mouse
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1.
Follow the safety precautions presented in Service considerations on page 50 before cleaning the
mouse.
2.
Remove the mouse ball from the housing by removing the retaining plate.
3.
Clean the mouse ball.
4.
Pull out any debris from the ball socket, and wipe the ball with a clean, dry cloth.
5.
Reassemble the mouse.
Cleaning the mouse 173
174 Appendix F Routine care
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G
Additional password security and
resetting CMOS
This workstation supports the following security password features, which can be established through
the Computer Setup Utility menu:
●
Setup password
●
Power-on password
If only a power-on password is established, it must be entered to boot the workstation.
If only a setup password is established, it must be entered to access the setup menu. Power cycling is
required for the setup password to take effect.
If both passwords are set, either password can be entered to boot, but the setup password must still be
entered to access the Computer Setup Utility menu.
If you forget the password for the computer, remove the Clear Password jumper on the system board.
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175
Resetting the password jumper
To disable the power-on or setup password features and clear the power-on and setup passwords:
1.
Shut down the operating system, and power off the workstation and any external devices.
Disconnect the power cord of the workstation and any external devices from the power outlets.
WARNING! To reduce the risk of personal injury from electrical shock and hot surfaces,
be sure to disconnect the power cord from the wall outlet and allow the internal system
components to cool before touching.
CAUTION When the workstation is plugged in, the power supply always applies voltage
to the system board–even when the unit is turned off. Failure to disconnect the power cord
can result in damage to the system.
CAUTION Static electricity can damage the electronic components of the workstation or
optional equipment. Before beginning these procedures, be sure that you are discharged of
static electricity by briefly touching a grounded metal object.
2.
Remove the access panel.
3.
Locate the password header and jumper. The password header is E49. For assistance locating
the password jumper and other system board components, refer to the service label on the
workstation access panel.
4.
Remove the jumper.
5.
Replace the access panel.
6.
Plug in and power on the workstation. Allow the operating system to start. This process clears the
current passwords and disables the password features.
7.
To establish new passwords, repeat steps 1 through 3, replace the password jumper on both pins
1 and 2, and repeat steps 5 through 6. Establish the new passwords in the Computer Setup Utility.
176 Appendix G Additional password security and resetting CMOS
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Clearing and resetting the CMOS
The CMOS of the workstation stores password information and information about the workstation
configuration. This section describes the steps to successfully clear and reset the CMOS.
Using the CMOS button
1.
Shut down the operating system, and power off the workstation and any external devices.
Disconnect the power cord of the workstation and any external devices from the power outlets.
WARNING! To reduce the risk of personal injury from electrical shock and hot surfaces,
be sure to disconnect the power cord from the wall outlet and allow the internal system
components to cool before touching.
CAUTION When the workstation is plugged in, the power supply always applies voltage
to the system board–even when the unit is turned off. Failure to disconnect the power cord
can result in damage to the system.
CAUTION Static electricity can damage the electronic components of the workstation or
optional equipment. Before beginning these procedures, be sure that you are discharged of
static electricity by briefly touching a grounded metal object.
2.
Remove the access panel.
3.
Locate and press the clear CMOS button.
CAUTION Pushing the clear CMOS button resets CMOS values to factory defaults and
erases some customized information. It is important to back up the workstation CMOS
settings before resetting them in case they are needed later. To back up the CMOS settings,
use the Replicated Setup option in the Computer Setup Utility menu.
For assistance locating the clear CMOS button and other system board components, refer to the
service label on the workstation access panel.
NOTE AC power does not need to be disconnected for the clear CMOS button to work.
The clear CMOS button does not clear the workstation passwords.
4.
Replace the access panel.
5.
Plug in and power on the workstation.
NOTE Any special configurations will have to be reset.
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Clearing and resetting the CMOS 177
Using the Computer Setup Utility to reset CMOS
To reset CMOS to factory defaults:
1.
Enter the Computer Setup Utility menu by pressing F10 when the F10=Setup prompt displays on
the screen during bootup. The word Setup displays in the lower right corner of the screen. If a
setup password has been set, a password prompt displays on the screen.
NOTE If you do not press the F10 key while the message is displayed, the workstation
must be powered off, then on again, to access the utility.
2.
Select File>Default Setup>Restore Factory Settings as Default, and press F10. Press any key
at the prompt that then displays.
NOTE This procedure does not reset the date and time.
3.
Select File>Apply Defaults and Exit. Press F10 at the prompt that then displays.
178 Appendix G Additional password security and resetting CMOS
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H
Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
This appendix presents some quick troubleshooting flowcharts for the following issues:
●
Initial troubleshooting
●
No power
●
No video
●
Error messages
●
No OS loading
●
No OS loading from hard drive
●
No OS loading from diskette drive
●
No OS loading from optical drive
●
No OS loading from network
●
Non-functioning device
NOTE The flowcharts presented are for general troubleshooting purposes only and they might
not apply to your specific workstation.
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179
Initial troubleshooting
180 Appendix H Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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No power
No power, part 1
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No power 181
No power, part 2
182 Appendix H Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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No power, part 3
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No power 183
No video
No video, part 1
184 Appendix H Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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No video, part 2
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No video 185
No video, part 3
186 Appendix H Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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Error messages
Error messages, part 1
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Error messages 187
Error messages, part 2
188 Appendix H Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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Error messages, part 3
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Error messages 189
No operating system loading
190 Appendix H Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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No operating system loading from hard drive
No operating loading from hard drive, part 1
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No operating system loading from hard drive 191
No operating system loading from hard drive, part 2
192 Appendix H Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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No operating system loading from hard drive, part 3
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No operating system loading from hard drive 193
No operating system loading from diskette drive
194 Appendix H Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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No operating system loading from optical drive
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No operating system loading from optical drive 195
No operating system loading from network
196 Appendix H Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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Non-functioning device
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Non-functioning device 197
198 Appendix H Quick troubleshooting flowcharts
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I
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PCI bus layout
199
PCI bus layout and device list
The following illustration shows the HP xw9400 Workstation PCI bus layout. It is followed by a PCI device
list description.
Figure I-1 PCI bus layout
Table I-1 PCI device list
Device
Bus#
Dev#
Fn#
MCP55ProPro HT Config
0
0
0
MCP55ProPro LPC
0
1
0
200 Appendix I PCI bus layout
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Table I-1 PCI device list (continued)
Device
Bus#
Dev#
Fn#
MCP55Pro SMBUS
0
1
1
MCP55Pro Trim
0
1
2
MCP55Pro ASF SMU
0
1
3
MCP55Pro USB OHCI
0
2
0
MCP55Pro USB EHCI
0
2
1
MCP55Pro IDE
0
4
0
MCP55Pro SATA0
0
5
0
MCP55Pro SATA1
0
5
1
MCP55Pro SATA2
0
5
2
MCP55Pro P2P Bridge (Bridge to Slot 3)
0
6
0
MCP55Pro High Definition Audio Controller
0
6
1
MCP55Pro LOM 0
0
8
0
MCP55Pro LOM 1
0
9
0
MCP55Pro PCIE Root Port 0 (Port to Slot 2)
0
F
0
MCP55Pro PCIE Root Port 2 (Port to NEC Bridge)
0
D
0
MCP55Pro PCIE Root Port 5 (Port to Slot 1)
0
A
0
IO55 HT Config
40h
0
0
IOP55 LPC
40h
1
0
IOP55 SMBUS
40h
1
1
IOP55 Trim
40h
1
2
IO55 PCIE Root Port 0 (Port to Slot 5)
40h
F
0
IO55 PCIE Root Port 2 (Port to SAS)
40h
D
0
IO55 PCIE Root Port 5( Port to Slot 4)
40h
A
0
Slot 1 (PCIEx8)
5h
0
0
Slot 2 (PCIEx16)
18h
0
0
Slot 3 (32 bit PCI )
1h
4
0
Slot 4 (PCIEx8)
45h
0
0
Slot 5 (PCIEx16)
58h
0
0
Slot 6 (PCIX 100)
2Ch
4
0
Slot 7 (PCIX 100/133)
2Ch
9
0
1h
5
0
NEC PCIX Bridge Controller
2Bh
0
0
NEC PCIX Bridge Controller (No Physical Slot Connections)
2Bh
0
1
LSI SAS Controller
6Bh
0
0
1394 Controller
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PCI bus layout and device list 201
202 Appendix I PCI bus layout
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