Simplicity Express Series Operator`s manual

How to use this file...(Operators Manuals)
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BODY:
• The body of the manual is identical, regardless of the cover used.
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OPERATOR’S
MANUAL
Express Series
14.5HP Gear Tractors
38” Mower Decks
Mfg. No.
1693452
Mfg. No.
1693464
Description
Express, 14.5 HP Gear
Description
38” Mower Deck
15.5HP Hydro Tractors
Mfg. No.
1693458
Description
Express, 15.5 HP Hydro
1719502-02
Rev 6/1999
TP 100-2236-02-EX-SMA
MANUFACTURING, INC.
500 N Spring Street / PO Box 997
Port Washington, WI 53074-0997
www.simplicitymfg.com
www.allislawn.com
www.masseylawn.com
© Copyright 1999 Simplicity Manufacturing, Inc.
All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
Table of Contents
Identification Numbers .......................................2
Safety Rules & Information ................................3
Features & Controls ............................................6
Troubleshooting, Adjustments & Service .......24
Troubleshooting the Tractor ..................................24
Troubleshooting the Mower ..................................25
Seat Adjustment....................................................26
Steering Gear Adjustment.....................................26
Brake & Brake Spring Adj. - Hydro Models ...........26
Brake & Brake Spring Adj. - Gear Models ............27
Mower Adjustments ..............................................27
PTO Clutch Adjustment ................................27
Leveling the Mower .......................................28
Blade Brake Check .......................................29
Mower Belt Replacement ......................................30
38” Mowers ...................................................30
Tractor Drive Belt Replacement - All Models ........31
Battery Service......................................................32
Checking the Battery Voltage ...........................32
Charging A Discharged Battery ........................32
Jump Starting with an Auxiliary Battery ............32
Transmission Purging ...........................................34
Control Functions ....................................................6
Safety Interlock System Test ..................................7
Operating the Tractor ..........................................8
General ...................................................................8
Checks Before Starting ...........................................8
Clutch/Brake Pedal Operation ................................9
Starting the Engine .................................................9
Stopping the Tractor & Engine ................................9
Driving the Tractor ................................................10
Mowing..................................................................10
Pushing the Tractor by Hand ................................11
Mower Deck Removal & Installation .....................12
Removing the Mower Deck ...........................12
Installing the Mower Deck .............................13
Mower Cutting Height Adjustment ........................13
Storage .................................................................14
Specifications ....................................................35
Common Replacement Parts ...........................36
Regular Maintenance ........................................15
Maintenance Schedule .........................................15
Raising the Hood & Seat.......................................16
Checking/Adding Fuel ...........................................16
Checking Tire Pressures.......................................16
Check / Replace Fuel Filter...................................17
Engine Maintenance .............................................17
Blade Brake Check ...............................................17
Safety Interlock System Check .............................17
Gear Transmission Service...................................18
Hydro Transmission Service .................................18
Exhaust Screen Service........................................19
Battery Maintenance .............................................19
Lubrication ............................................................20
Lubricate Rear Axes .............................................21
Servicing the Mower Blades .................................22
Maintenance Records ...........................................23
Lawn Care & Mowing Information .............LC—1
International Symbols ................................LC—8
Technical Manuals ......................................LC—8
NOTE: In this manual, “left” and “right” are referred to as
seen from the operating position.
WARNING
Engine exhaust from this product contains
chemicals known, in certain quantities, to cause
cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
© Copyright 1999 Simplicity Manufacturing, Inc.
All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
TP 100-2236-01-EX-SMA
1
Identification
Numbers
IDENTIFICATION TAG LOCATIONS
When contacting your Authorized
Dealer for replacement parts, service,
or information YOU MUST HAVE
THESE NUMBERS.
SA
Simplicity Manufacturing, Inc.
MP
Port Washington, WI 53074-0997 U.S.A.
MFG
169XXXX
SERIAL
LE
XXXXX
Tractor
Identification Tag
IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS
PRODUCT
•
•
REFERENCE
DATA
Model Description Name/Number
Record your model name / number and mower deck
manufacturer numbers and engine serial number in the
space provided for easy reference.
•
Mower Deck
Identification Tag
Tractor MFG Number
Tractor SERIAL Number
The Tractor I.D. tag is located on the left-side, of the
frame, as shown below.
Mower Deck MFG Number
Mower Deck SERIAL Number
The Mower Deck I.D. tag is also on the left side, on
top of the mower deck.
Dealer Name
Date Purchased
For location of Engine Serial Number, refer to the
Engine Owner’s Manual.
ENGINE REFERENCE DATA
Be sure to fill out and return the Warranty Registration
Card supplied with your unit.
2
Engine Make
Engine Model
Engine Type/Spec
Engine Code/Serial Number
Safety Rules
& Information
Read these safety rules and follow them closely. Failure to obey these rules could result in loss of control of
unit, severe personal injury or death to you, or bystanders, or damage to property or equipment. This mowing deck is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. The triangle
in text signifies important cautions or warnings which must be followed.
GENERAL OPERATION
WARNING
• Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the
manual and on the unit before starting.
• Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with
the instructions, to operate the unit.
• Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire,
etc., which could be picked up and thrown by the
blade(s).
• Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing. Stop unit if anyone enters the area.
• Never carry passengers.
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
Always look down and behind before and while travelling in reverse.
• Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do
not point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower
without either the entire grass catcher or the deflector
in place.
• Slow down before turning.
• Never leave a running unit unattended. Always
disengage the PTO, set parking brake, stop engine,
and remove keys before dismounting.
• Disengage the PTO lever to stop the blades when not
mowing.
• Stop engine before removing grass catcher or
unclogging chute.
• Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.
• Do not operate the unit while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
• Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing
roadways.
• Use extra care when loading or unloading the unit
into a trailer or truck.
• Data indicates operators, age 60 and above, are
involved in a large percentage of riding mower related injuries. These operators should evaluate their
ability to operate the riding mower safely enough to
protect themselves and others from serious injury.
Never operate on slopes greater than 30 percent
(16.7°) which is a rise of three feet vertically in 10
feet horizontally.
When operating on slopes that are greater than 15
percent (8.5°) but less than 30 percent use additional
wheel weights or counterweights when available and
applicable (see your dealer to determine which
weights —if any—are available and appropriate for
your unit).
Select slow ground speed before driving onto slope.
In addition to front and rear weights, use extra caution
when operating on slopes with rear-mounted grass
catcher.
Mow UP and DOWN the slope, never across the
face, use caution when changing directions and
DO NOT START OR STOP ON SLOPE.
Do
• See your authorized dealer for recommendations of
available weights to improve stability.
• Mow up and down slopes, not across.
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could
overturn the unit. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
• Use slow speed. Choose a low gear so that you will
not have to stop or shift while on the slope.
• Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments. These can change the stability of the unit.
• Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual.
Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.
Do Not
• Do not start or stop on a slope. If tires lose traction,
disengage the blade(s) and proceed slowly straight
down the slope.
• Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then,
turn slowly and gradually uphill, if possible.
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments. The mower could suddenly turn over if a
wheel is over the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge
caves in.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could
cause sliding.
• Do not try to stabilize the unit by putting your foot on
the ground.
• Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.
SLOPE OPERATION
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and
tip-over accidents, which can result in severe injury or
death. All slopes require extra caution. If you cannot
back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not
drive on it.
3
Safety Rules & Information
CHILDREN
• Never run a unit in an enclosed area.
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to
the presence of children. Children are often attracted to
the unit and the mowing activity. Never assume that children will remain where you last saw them.
• Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade attachment
bolts, tight and keep equipment in good condition.
• Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper
operation regularly.
• Keep children out of the mowing area and under the
watchful care of another responsible adult.
• Keep unit free of grass, leaves, or other debris buildup. Clean up oil or fuel spillage.
• Be alert and turn unit off if children enter the area.
• Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an
object. Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
• Before and during reverse operation, look behind and
down for small children.
• Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine
running unless specified otherwise in the engine
manufacturer’s manual.
• Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe unit operation.
• Grass catcher components are subject to wear, damage, and deterioration, which could expose moving
parts or allow objects to be thrown. Frequently check
components and replace with manufacturer’s recommended parts, when necessary.
• Never allow children to operate the unit.
• Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
trees, or other objects that may obscure vision.
TRANSPORTING AND STORAGE
• Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap the
blade(s) or wear gloves, and use extra caution when
servicing them.
• Always observe safe refueling and fuel handling practices when refueling the unit after transportation or
storage.
• Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service
as required.
• Always follow the engine manual instructions for
storage preparations before storing the unit for both
short and long term periods.
• Use only factory authorized replacement parts when
making repairs.
• Always follow the engine manual instructions for
proper start-up procedures when returning the unit to
service.
• Always comply with factory specifications on all
settings and adjustments.
• Only authorized service locations should be utilized
for major service and repair requirements.
• Never store the unit or fuel container inside where
there is an open flame or pilot light, such as in a
water heater. Allow unit to cool before storing.
• Never attempt to make major repairs on this unit
unless you have been properly trained. Improper service procedures can result in hazardous operation,
equipment damage and voiding of manufacturer’s
warranty.
SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE
• Use extra care in handling gasoline and other fuels.
They are flammable and vapors are explosive.
a) Use only an approved container.
WARNING
b) Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the engine
running. Allow engine to cool before refueling. Do
not smoke.
Never place hands near the hydro pump cooling
fan when the unit is running. Cooling fan is
located on top of transaxle.
c) Never refuel the unit indoors.
4
Safety Rules & Information
All DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION and instructional
messages on your rider and mower should be carefully
read and obeyed. Personal bodily injury can result when
these instructions are not followed. The information is for
your safety and it is important! The safety decals below
are on your rider and mower.
SAFETY DECALS
This unit has been designed and manufactured to provide you with the safety and reliability you would expect
from an industry leader in outdoor power equipment
manufacturing.
Although reading this manual and the safety instructions
it contains will provide you with the necessary basic
knowledge to operate this equipment safely and effectively, we have placed several safety labels on the unit to
remind you of this important information while you are
operating your unit.
DANGER
If any of these decals are lost or damaged, replace them
at once. See your local dealer for replacements.
These labels are easily applied and will act as a constant
visual reminder to you, and others who may use the
equipment, to follow the safety instructions necessary for
safe, effective operation.
THROTTLE
Choke
Fast
DO NOT TOW TRACTOR!
ROTATING CUTTING BLADE
Do not put hands or feet
under mower deck while
blade is rotating.
Damage may result to transmission
Slow
OPERATION
To Start Engine
• Seat must be occupied, ground speed control in neutral,
PTO must be off, and clutch/brake pedal depressed.
1704276
Decal - Danger
Part No. 1704276
When Operator Leaves Seat
Ignition Switch
OFF
RUN
Disengage
• Put ground speed control in neutral,
turn PTO off, and set parking brake.
Traction Control
Engage
Clutch/Brake Pedal
• To stop tractor motion, fully depress clutch/brake pedal.
• On hydrostatic drive tractors, movement of traction from
neutral, in either direction, increases ground speed.
DANGER
PTO Lever
To Operate PTO Clutch
• The operator must be in seat.
• To engage PTO push PTO Lever forward.
• To disengage PTO pull PTO Lever rearward.
• Depress clutch/brake pedal to
slow or stop tractor motion.
To SET Parking Brake
• Depress clutch/brake pedal
and pull
knob UP.
To RELEASE Parking Brake
• Depress clutch/brake pedal
and push
knob DOWN.
START
Cutting Height
Adjustment
Mower DOWN
Mower UP
WARNING
ROTATING CUTTING BLADE
Do not operate mower
without deflector or entire
grass catcher in place.
AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH
• Read operator's manual(s).
• Know location and function of all controls.
• Keep safety devices (guards, shields, and switches)
in place and working.
• Remove objects that could be thrown by the blade.
• Do not mow when children or others are around.
• Never carry children.
• Look down and behind before and while backing.
• Avoid sudden turns.
1704277
Decal - Danger
Part No. 1704277
DANGER
STOP ENGINE.
PUSH
DRIVE
MOTOR STOPPEN.
MOTOR ANHALTEN.
STOP MOTOR.
ARRETER LE MOTEUR.
FERMARE MOTORE.
DUWEN
SCHIEBEN
SKUB
POUSSER
SPINGERE
RIJDEN
FAHREN
KØR
CONDUIRE
GUIDARE
DO NOT TOW!
DANGER
ROTATING BLADES CUT
OFF ARMS AND LEGS
OPERATING ON SLOPES
CAN BE DANGEROUS
STOP MOWER WHEN
CHILDREN ARE NEAR.
SEE OPERATOR'S MANUAL.
NO RIDERS — THEY FALL OFF.
IF YOU CANNOT BACK-UP
A HILL —DO NOT DRIVE ON IT.
1719519
1719635
NIET SLEPEN!
NICHT SCHLEPPEN!
IKKE BUGSERE!
NE PAS REMORQUER!
NON TRAINARE!
• If you cannot back up a hill, do not operate on it.
• Go up and down slopes, not across.
• If machine stops going uphill, stop blade and
back down slowly.
• Be sure blade(s) and engine are stopped before
placing hands or feet near blade(s).
• When leaving machine, shut off engine, remove
key, and set parking brake.
Decal - Operating Instructions
Part No. 1719519
Decal - Hydro Release Valve
Part No. 1719635
01
5
Features
& Controls
Please take a moment and familiarize
yourself with the name, location, and
function of these controls so that you will
better understand the safety and operating
instructions provided in this manual.
B
C
Figure 1. Tractor & Mower Controls
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
Throttle / Choke
Steering Wheel
PTO Control Lever
Mower Cutting Height Lever
Ground Speed Control Lever
Ignition Switch
Clutch / Brake Pedal
Parking Brake Control Knob
G
A
D
E
F
H
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
The information below briefly describes the function of individual controls. Starting, stopping, driving, and mowing
require the combined use of several controls applied in specific sequences. To learn what combination and sequence
of controls to use for various tasks see the OPERATION section.
A. Throttle / Choke Control
C. PTO Lever
The throttle controls engine speed. Move the throttle up
to increase engine speed and down to decrease engine
speed. Always operate at FULL throttle. Note: Moving
the throttle control fully forward closes the choke. A
warm engine may not require choking.
The PTO (Power Take-Off) lever engages and disengages
attachments that use the PTO. To engage the PTO, move
the lever forward. To disengage the PTO, move the lever
all the way back. You will feel the lever lock into both the
engaged and disengaged positions.
B. Steering Wheel
Note that the operator must be seated firmly in the
tractor seat for the PTO to function. Also note that the
tractor will not start unless the lever is in the disengaged
position.
The steering wheel controls the direction of the tractor’s
travel by angling the front wheels.
D. Mower Cutting Height Lever
The cutting height adjustment lever controls the mower
cutting height. Set the mower deck in the highest cutting
position when transporting to and from the mowing site.
6
Features & Controls
E. Ground Speed Control Lever
SAFETY INTERLOCK
SYSTEM TESTS
The tractor’s forward & reverse ground speed is controlled by the ground speed control lever.
GEAR MODELS — On models with Gear transmissions,
ground speed is selected from one of 4 speeds.
To change gear positions, first fully depress the
clutch/brake pedal, move the ground speed control
lever to the appropriate gear position, then release
the clutch/brake pedal to begin tractor movement.
Note: On Gear Models, shift gears only with tractor
stopped and clutch/brake pedal fully depressed.
This unit is equipped with safety interlock switches
and other safety devices. These safety systems are
present for your safety: do not attempt to bypass
safety switches, and never tamper with safety
devices. Check their operation regularly.
Operational SAFETY Checks
HYDRO MODELS — On models with Hydrostatic
transmissions, ground speed is selected from a continuous range.
Moving the lever forward in the F range increases
FORWARD tractor motion, and moving the lever
back in the R range increases REVERSE tractor
motion. The further the lever is moved in either
range, the faster the tractor will travel in that direction. Note: Depressing the clutch/brake pedal is NOT
necessary when changing speeds. Placing the lever
in the N position puts the transmission in NEUTRAL,
and ceases tractor motion. (Apply & set the Parking
Brake before leaving the operator’s position).
Your unit is equipped with a seat switch safety system. Check the seat switch operation every fall and
spring with the following tests.
Test 1 — Engine should NOT crank if:
• PTO lever is ENGAGED, OR
• Brake pedal is NOT fully depressed (parking
brake OFF), OR
• Ground speed lever is out of NEUTRAL position.
Test 2 — Engine SHOULD crank if:
• PTO lever is DISENGAGED, AND
• Brake pedal is fully depressed
(parking brake ON), AND
Always mow with the engine speed at full throttle.
Note: If the terrain is rough, hilly, or sloping, use a slower
forward speed or gear. If the grass is wet or over three
inches (76mm) high, use full engine speed with a low forward speed or gear 1 so the mower will have enough
power to cut the grass.
• Ground speed lever is in NEUTRAL position.
Test 3 — Engine should SHUT OFF if:
• Operator rises off seat with PTO engaged, OR
• Operator rises off seat with brake pedal NOT
fully depressed (parking brake OFF).
F. Ignition Switch
The ignition switch starts and stops the engine, it has
three positions:
OFF
Stops the engine and shuts off the
electrical system.
RUN
Allows the engine to run and powers the
electrical system.
Test 4 — Blade Brake Check
Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to
a complete stop within five seconds after PTO is
turned OFF (or operator rises off seat). If mower
drive belt does not stop within five seconds, readjust
the PTO clutch as described in the ADJUSTMENTS
section or see your dealer.
START Cranks the engine for starting.
NOTE: Never leave the ignition switch in the RUN position with the engine stopped–this drains the battery.
NOTE: Once the engine has stopped, the PTO must
be turned off after the operator returns to the seat in
order to start the engine.
G. Clutch / Brake Pedal
Depressing the clutch / brake pedal disengages the drive
clutch and applies the tractor brake.
WARNING
H. Parking Brake Control Knob
If the unit does not pass a safety test, do not
operate it. See your authorized dealer. Under
no circumstance should you attempt to defeat
the purpose of the safety interlock system.
Engages parking brake. Depress clutch/brake pedal (I)
fully and pull up knob to engage parking brake. To disengage brake, depress pedal and push knob down.
7
Operating
the Tractor
GENERAL OPERATING SAFETY
WARNING
Before first time operation:
• Be sure to read all information in the Safety and
Operation sections before attempting to operate this
tractor and mower.
Never allow passengers to ride on the unit.
Before leaving the operator’s position for any
reason, engage the parking brake, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine and remove the key.
• Become familiar with all of the controls and how to
stop the unit.
To reduce fire hazard, keep the engine, tractor
and mower free of grass, leaves and excess
grease. Do not stop or park tractor over dry
leaves, grass or combustible materials.
• Drive in an open area without mowing to become
accustomed to the unit.
Gasoline is highly flammable and must be
handled with care. Never fill the tank when the
engine is still hot from recent operation. Do not
allow open flame, smoking or matches in the
area. Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills.
DANGER
OPERATING ON SLOPES
CAN BE DANGEROUS
Never operate on slopes greater than 30 percent
(16.7°) which is a rise of three feet vertically in 10
feet horizontally.
CHECKS BEFORE STARTING
• Check that the crankcase is filled with oil to full mark
on dipstick. See the engine Operator’s Manual for
instructions and oil recommendations.
Operate the unit at a slow ground speed when
driving onto slope.
• Make sure all nuts, bolts, screws and pins are in
place and tight.
When operating on slopes that are greater than
15 percent (8.5°) but less than 30 percent, use
additional wheel weights or counterweights.
• Adjust the seat position, and make certain you can
reach all controls from operator’s position.
In addition to counterweights, use extra caution
when operating on slopes with rear-mounted
grass catcher. Mow UP and DOWN the slope,
never across the face, use caution when
changing directions and DO NOT START OR
STOP ON SLOPE.
• Fill the gasoline tank with fresh gasoline. Refer to
engine manual for gasoline recommendations.
• Make certain rear counterweights are installed if you
will be operating the unit on sloping ground.
8
Operating the Tractor
CLUTCH/BRAKE PEDAL OPERATION
B
HYDRO MODELS
A
1. Depressing the clutch/brake pedal (A, Figure 2) disengages the transmission drive. Fully depressing the
pedal applies the rider brake.
2. Parking brake is applied by pulling up on the parking
brake control knob (B, Figure 2) with the clutch/brake
pedal fully depressed.
GEAR MODELS
1. Depressing the clutch/brake pedal (A, Figure 2) disengages the transmission drive belt and allows the
gear lever to be shifted. Fully depressing the
clutch/brake pedal from applies the tractor brake.
2. Parking brake is applied by pulling up on the parking
brake control knob (B, Figure 2) with the clutch/brake
pedal fully depressed.
Figure 2. Clutch/Brake Pedal Operation
A. Clutch/Brake Pedal
B. Parking Brake Control Knob
WARNING
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. While sitting in the operator’s seat, fully depress the
brake pedal or set the parking brake.
2. Make sure that the ground speed control lever is in
NEUTRAL.
3. Disengage the PTO clutch.
4. Set throttle to CHOKE.
NOTE: A warm engine may not require choking.
If you do not understand how a specific control
functions, or have not yet thoroughly read the
FEATURES & CONTROLS section, do so now.
Do NOT attempt to operate the tractor without
first becoming familiar with the location and
function of ALL controls.
5. Insert the ignition key and turn it to START.
6. After the engine starts, move the engine throttle control to SLOW. Warm up the engine by running it for at
least a minute before engaging the PTO or driving
the tractor.
STOPPING THE TRACTOR & ENGINE
1. Returning the ground speed lever to NEUTRAL
(hydro models) or depressing the clutch/brake pedal
(gear models) will stop tractor movement. For emergency stopping of any model, FULLY depress the
clutch/brake pedal to apply the tractor brake.
2. Engage the parking brake.
3. Disengage the PTO.
4. Position the throttle control at FULL.
5. Turn the ignition switch to OFF and remove the key.
NOTE: Stopping the engine at speeds lower than full
throttle can cause engine damage. Do not stop the
engine with the throttle control in the IDLE position.
NOTE: In the event of an emergency the engine can be
stopped by simply turning the ignition switch to STOP.
Use this method only in emergency situations. For normal engine shut down follow the procedure given in
STOPPING THE TRACTOR.
9
Operating the Tractor
WARNING
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to
the presence of children. Children are often attracted to
the unit and the mowing activity. Never assume that
children will remain where you last saw them.
• Keep children out of the mowing area and under the watchful care of another responsible adult.
• Be alert and turn unit off if children enter the area.
• Before and during reverse operation, look behind and down
for small children.
• Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously
injured or interfere with safe unit operation.
• Never allow children to operate the unit.
• Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
trees, or other objects that may obscure vision.
DRIVING THE TRACTOR
MOWING
1. Sit in the seat and adjust the seat so that you can
comfortably reach all the controls (see Seat
Adjustment, Adjustments Section).
2. Engage the parking brake.
3. Make sure the PTO lever is disengaged.
4. Start the engine (see STARTING THE ENGINE).
1. Engage the parking brake. Make sure the PTO lever
is disengaged.
2. Start the engine (see STARTING THE ENGINE).
3. Set the mower cutting height to the desired level.
4. Set the throttle to FULL.
5. Engage the PTO.
6. Begin mowing. See the LAWN CARE & MOWING
INFORMATION section at the back of this manual for
tips on mowing patterns, lawn care, and troubleshooting information.
7. When finished, shut off the PTO.
8. Stop the engine (see STOPPING THE TRACTOR
AND ENGINE).
GEAR MODELS:
5. Depress the clutch / brake pedal.
6. Move the ground speed lever to the desired speed.
Typically, gears 1-3 are used when mowing, and
gears 4 and 5 are used when transporting to and
from the work site. The taller (or thicker) the grass,
the slower the desired ground speed.
7. Slowly release the clutch / brake pedal to drive.
To change gears, fully depress the clutch / brake
pedal, shift to the desired gear, then slowly release
the clutch / brake pedal. DO NOT shift while moving
or the transmission will be damaged.
WARNING
Make certain the area
of operation, and
especially the
direction of travel is
clear of objects,
people and animals.
HYDRO MODELS:
5. Be sure the ground speed lever is in the NEUTRAL
position.
6. Release the parking brake by depressing the clutch /
brake pedal and pushing the parking brake knob
down. Release the clutch brake pedal.
7. Move the ground speed lever forward until the
desired ground speed is achieved. There is no need
to clutch when changing speeds or direction.
Always look DOWN
AND BEHIND before
backing!
10
Operating the Tractor
PUSHING THE TRACTOR BY HAND
DO NOT TOW TRACTOR
Towing the unit will cause transmission
damage. • Do not use another vehicle to
push or pull this unit. • Do not actuate the
transmission release valve lever while the
engine is running.
HYDRO MODELS
1. Disengage the PTO and turn the engine off.
2. Move the transmission release lever up, pull back
approximately 1”, and press down to lock into
released position (Figure 6).
3. The tractor can now be pushed by hand.
NOTE: To drive the tractor, the release lever must be
moved completely forward and pushed down into locked
position.
GEAR MODELS
1. Disengage the PTO and turn the engine off.
2. Place the ground speed lever in the NEUTRAL.
Release Lever
3. Disengage the parking brake.
Figure 3. Release Lever - Hydro Models
4. The tractor can now be pushed by hand.
11
Operating the Tractor
MOWER DECK REMOVAL &
INSTALLATION
WARNING
B
A
Engage parking brake, disengage PTO, stop
engine, disconnect spark plug wire(s), and
remove key before attempting to install or remove
the mower.
CAUTION
The muffler and surrounding areas may be hot.
Removing the Mower Deck
C
D
NOTE: Perform mower removal on a hard, level surface
such as a concrete floor.
1. Park the tractor, disengage the PTO lever, turn off
the engine, remove the key, disconnect the spark
plug wire(s), and engage the parking brake.
Figure 4. Mower Deck - Right Side
A. Height Adj. Lever
B. Bottom of PTO Lever
C. Clutch Rod
D. Engine Pulley
2. Place mower in the lowest cutting position using the
mower height adjustment lever (A, Figure 4).
3. Remove the mower belt from the engine pulley (D,
Figure 4) by flexing the engine belt guide rearward
slightly, and pulling the belt off the pulley.
D
C
4. Remove the hair pin clip from the clutch rod (C,
Figure 4).
5. Remove the clutch rod (C, Figure 4) from the bottom
of the PTO lever (B). Reinstall the hair pin clip
removed in the previous step.
6. Remove the hair pin clip from the long hitch rod (A,
Figure 5).
B
A
7. Remove the hitch rod (A, Figure 5) from the mower.
Figure 5. Mower Deck - Left Side (38” Deck Shown)
8. Turn wheels straight ahead. Pull back on springloaded lever (B, Figure 6) and lift mower hitch off of
the tractor bracket (A).
A.
B.
C.
D.
9. Turn wheels fully left, and slide mower deck out from
under the right side of the tractor. Reinstall the hitch
rod and hair pin clip (A, Figure 5) in the mower.
Long Hitch Rod & Hair Pin Clip
Mower Drive Belt
Clutch Rod
Rear Hitch Brackets
A
B
Figure 6. Mower Hitch
A. Tractor Hitch Brackets
B. Spring-Loaded Lever
12
Operating the Tractor
Installing the Mower Deck
WARNING
NOTE: Perform mower installation on a hard, level surface such as a concrete floor.
Engage parking brake, disengage PTO, stop
engine, disconnect spark plug wire(s), and
remove key before attempting to install or remove
the mower.
1. Park the tractor, disengage the PTO lever, turn off
the engine, remove the key, disconnect the spark
plug wire(s), and engage the parking brake.
2. Place mower in the lowest cutting position using the
mower height adjustment lever (C, Figure 7).
CAUTION
3. Turn the wheels left, and slide the mower deck under
the tractor.
The muffler and surrounding areas may be hot.
4. Turn the wheels straight ahead and align the rear
mounting brackets (D, Figure 5).
C
5. Pull the spring-loaded lever (B, Figure 6) forward,
hook the mower hitch on the tractor bracket (A).
Release the spring loaded lever to lock the mower
hitch in the tractor bracket.
A
6. Install the long hitch pin (A, Figure 5) through the rear
mounting brackets. Secure with a hair pin clip.
NOTE: If the rear mounting bracket holes are not
aligned, shift the mower deck and turn the front wheels
slightly.
7. Install the mower drive belt (B, Figure 7) on the
engine pulley (A); flex the engine belt guide rearward
slightly to get the belt onto the pulley.
8. Connect the clutch rod (C, Figure 4) to the bottom of
the PTO lever (B). Secure using a hair pin clip.
B
Figure 7. Mower Belt Routing
MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT
ADJUSTMENT
A. Engine Pulley
B. Mower Drive Belt
C. Mower Height Adjustment Lever
1. Pull the cutting height lever (C, Figure 7) back and to
the left to release it.
2. Set the mower cutting height to the desired level.
3. Move the lever to the right to lock it.
13
Operating the Tractor
STORAGE
WARNING
Temporary Storage (30 Days Or Less)
Never store the unit, with gasoline in engine or
fuel tank, in a heated shelter or in enclosed,
poorly ventilated enclosures. Gasoline fumes may
reach an open flame, spark or pilot light (such as
a furnace, water heater, clothes dryer, etc.) and
cause an explosion.
Remember, the fuel tank will still contain some gasoline, so
never store the unit indoors or in any other area where fuel
vapor could travel to any ignition source. Fuel vapor is also
toxic if inhaled, so never store the unit in any structure used
for human or animal habitation.
Here is a checklist of things to do when storing your unit
temporarily or in between uses:
Handle gasoline carefully. It is highly flammable
and careless use could result in serious fire
damage to your person or property.
• Keep the unit in an area where children will not come
into contact with it. If there’s any chance of unauthorized
use, remove the keys and disconnect the spark plug
wires.
Drain fuel into an approved container outdoors
away from open flame or sparks.
• If the unit can’t be stored on a reasonably level surface,
chock the wheels.
• Clean all grass and dirt from the mower.
10. Drain fuel system completely or add a gasoline stabilizer
to the fuel system. If you have chosen to use a fuel stabilizer and have not drained the fuel system, follow all
safety instructions and storage precautions in this manual to prevent the possibility of fire from the ignition of
gasoline fumes. Remember, gasoline fumes can travel
to distant sources of ignition and ignite, causing risk of
explosion and fire.
NOTE: If storing your tractor between winter snow removal
jobs in a cold area, we suggest that you fill the fuel tank at
the completion of each job to prevent water condensation in
the fuel tank. Wait for engine to cool before filling tank.
Long Term Storage (Longer Than 30 Days)
Before you store your unit for the off-season, read the
Maintenance and Storage instructions in the Safety Rules
section, then perform the following steps:
NOTE: Gasoline, if permitted to stand unused for extended
periods (30 days or more), may develop gummy deposits
which can adversely affect the engine carburetor and cause
engine malfunction. To avoid this condition, add a gasoline
stabilizer to the fuel tank and run the engine a few minutes,
or drain all fuel from the unit before placing it in storage.
1. Drain crankcase oil and refill with a grade of oil that will
be required when unit is used again.
2. Prepare the mower deck for storage as follows:
a. Remove mower deck from the unit.
STARTING AFTER
LONG TERM STORAGE
b. Clean underside of mower deck.
c. Coat all bare metal surfaces with paint or light coat of
oil to prevent rusting.
Before starting the unit after it has been stored for a long
period of time, perform the following steps.
3. Clean external surfaces and engine.
4. Prepare engine for storage. See engine owner’s
manual.
1. Remove any blocks from under the unit.
5. Clean any dirt or grass from cylinder head cooling fins,
engine housing and air cleaner element.
3. Unplug the exhaust outlet and air cleaner.
2. Install the battery if it was removed.
4. Fill the fuel tank with fresh gasoline. See engine
manual for recommendations.
6. Cover air cleaner and exhaust outlet tightly with plastic
or other waterproof material to keep out moisture, dirt
and insects.
5. See engine owner’s manual and follow all instructions
for preparing engine after storage.
7. Completely grease and oil unit as outlined in the Normal
Care section.
6. Check crankcase oil level and add proper oil if
necessary. If any condensation has developed during
storage, drain crankcase oil and refill.
8. Clean up unit and apply paint or rust preventative to any
areas where paint is chipped or damaged.
7. Inflate tires to proper pressure. Check fluid levels.
9. Be sure the battery is filled to the proper level with water
and is fully charged. Battery life will be increased if it is
removed, put in a cool, dry place and fully charged
about once a month. If battery is left in unit, disconnect
the negative cable.
8. Start the engine and let it run slowly. DO NOT run at
high speed immediately after starting. Be sure to run
engine only outdoors or in well ventilated area.
14
Regular
Maintenance
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE & PROCEDURES
The following schedule should be followed for normal care of your tractor and mower.
SAFETY ITEMS
Before
Each Use
Every
5 Hours
Every
Every
Every
25 Hours 100 Hours 250 Hours
Spring
& Fall
Check Safety Interlock System
●
Check Tractor Brakes
●
Check Mower Blade Stopping Time
NORMAL CARE ITEMS
Before
Each Use
*●
Check / Change Engine Air Filter
*, ***
Change Engine Oil & Filter
*, **
Inspect Spark Plug(s)
●
Every
Every
Every
25 Hours 100 Hours 250 Hours
Spring
& Fall
●
Check Tractor/Mower for loose hardware
Check Engine Oil Level
Every
5 Hours
***●
*
●
Check / Replace Fuel Filter
Clean / Replace Exhaust Screen
‡
●
Check Transmission Oil Level
Lubricate Tractor & Mower
***●
Lubricate Rear Axle Shafts
Yearly
Check Battery Fluid
●
Clean Battery & Cables
●
●
Check Tire Pressure
●
Clean & Sharpen Mower Blades
‡ Clean or replace spark arrester every 50 hours.
* See the engine manufacturer's owner's manual.
** Change original engine oil after initial break-in period. Refer to engine owner’s manual.
*** More often in hot (over 85° F: 30° C) weather or dusty operating conditions.
Always refer to the engine manufacturer’s owner’s manual for specific engine information.
15
Regular Maintenance
RAISING THE HOOD & SEAT
Hood Recess
To raise the hood, grasp the hood recess (Figure 8) on
top, then pivot the hood up and forward.
To raise the seat for battery access, tilt the seat forward.
NOTICE
Do not run the tractor with the hood raised.
Engine heat will damage the headlight bezel
and hood.
Figure 8. Gas Tank Located Under Hood
WARNING
Gasoline is highly flammable and must be
handled with care. Never fill the tank when the
engine is still hot from recent operation. Do not
allow open flame, smoking or matches in the
area. Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills.
Hood Not Shown
For Clarity
A
B
Do not remove fuel filter when engine is hot, as
spilled gasoline may ignite. DO NOT spread hose
clamps further than necessary. Ensure clamps
grip hoses firmly over filter after installation.
D
Do not use gasoline containing METHANOL,
gasohol containing more than 10% ETHANOL,
gasoline additives, or white gas because
engine/fuel system damage could result.
C
Figure 9. Engine Compartment
CHECKING / ADDING FUEL
A.
B.
C.
D.
To add fuel:
1. Remove the cap from the fuel tank (A, Figure 9).
2. Fill the tank. Do not overfill. Leave room in the tank
for fuel expansion. Refer to your engine manual for
specific fuel recommendations.
3. Install and hand tighten the fuel cap.
Gas Tank
Air Filter
Fuel Filter
Spark Plug
CHECK TIRE PRESSURES
Service Interval: Every 25 Hours
Tire Pressure should be checked periodically, and maintained at the levels shown in the chart. Note that these
pressures may differ slightly from the “Max Inflation”
stamped on the side-wall of the tires. The pressures
shown provide proper traction, improve cut quality, and
extend tire life.
Tire
Front
Pressure
12-15 psi (83-104 kPa)
Rear
10-12 psi (56-82 kPa)
Figure 10. Checking Tire Pressure
16
Regular Maintenance
CHECK / REPLACE FUEL FILTER
A
Service Interval: Every 100 Hours
The fuel filter (C, Figure 9) is located in the fuel line
between the fuel tank and the carburetor (left side of
engine).
If filter is dirty or clogged, replace as follows:
1. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake, turn
the ignition switch OFF, and remove the key. Allow
the engine to cool. Disconnect the negative battery
cable.
2. Place a container below the filter to catch spilled fuel.
3. Using a pliers, open and slide hose clamps from fuel
filter (C, Figure 9).
4. Remove hoses from filter.
5. Install new filter in proper flow direction in fuel line.
B
C
D
6. Secure with hose clamps.
7. Reconnect the negative battery cable when finished.
E
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
Figure 11. Engine Compartment
The following engine maintenance procedures and service intervals can be found in your Engine Owner’s
Manual. Refer to Figure 11 for engine maintenance item
locations.
A. Gas Tank
B. Oil Fill / Dip Stick
C. Air Filter
D. Spark Plug
E. Oil Drain
• Engine Oil & Filter Check / Change
• Check / Change Air Filter
• Inspect & Replace Spark Plugs
BLADE BRAKE CHECK
Service Interval: Every 100 Hours or Fall & Spring
Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a
complete stop within five seconds after PTO is disengaged.
1. With tractor in neutral, PTO disengaged and operator
in seat, start the engine.
2. Engage the PTO and wait several seconds.
Disengage the PTO and check the amount of time it
takes for the mower drive belt to stop.
3. If mower drive belt does not stop within five seconds,
see your dealer.
A
SAFETY INTERLOCK SYSTEM
CHECK
Figure 12. Mower Deck Clutch & Brake System
A. Non-Adjustable Pulley Brakes
Service Interval: Every Fall & Spring
Check the function of the safety interlock system using
the test procedure found on page 9 of this manual. If the
tractor fails any of the tests, see your dealer.
17
Regular Maintenance
GEAR TRANSMISSION SERVICE
The Peerless MST-205-515A gear drive transmission
does not require regular maintenance. See your
Authorized Dealer for transmission service.
A
HYDRO TRANSMISSION SERVICE
Do not allow dirt, water, or other debris to
enter the expansion chamber or
transmission. Even a small amount of dirt
can damage the transmission
B
Transmission Service Information
Service Interval: Check Oil Level Every 250 Hrs
Transmission Oil Capacity: Approx. 2-1/2 Quarts
Transmission Oil Type: SAE 10W-30 with a minimum
API rating of SG/CD.
Figure 13. Seat Adjustment
A. Seat
B. Battery Compartment
The Tuff Torq K-51 hydrostatic drive transmission does
not require regular maintenance other than checking the
oil level every 250 hours. See your Authorized Dealer
for transmission service.
Fill To
Bottom of
Top Notch
ATTENTION: It is critical that dirt and water be kept out
of the transmission. Thoroughly clean and dry all the
surrounding surfaces before opening the transmission.
1. Tilt the seat forward to access the battery compartment (Figure 13)
2. Remove the battery and clean the battery compartment. (See Battery Maintenance).
3. Clean off the fill plug (see Figure 14) and surrounding
area.
4. Using a screwdriver, pry the fill plug out of the transmission and remove the spring.
5. Check the oil level. The transmission should be filled
with oil up to the top notch (see Figure 14 inset). If
not, add oil.
6. Replace the fill plug. Reinstall the battery. (See
Battery Maintenance).
Fill Plug
Figure 14. Hydro Transmission Fill Plug Location
18
Regular Maintenance
EXHAUST SCREEN SERVICE
Hood Not Shown
for Clarity
WARNING
Always allow the engine to cool before beginning
any service work were the muffler or exhaust
components must be handled. Wear gloves when
handling exhaust components.
Service Interval: Every 50 Hours
Inspect, clean or replace the exhaust screen after every
50 hours of operation.
1. Park the tractor on a level surface. Disengage the
PTO, turn off the engine and set the parking brake.
Remove the key. Allow the engine and muffler to
cool.
2. Remove the screw (B, Figure 15). Using a pair of pliers, remove the exhaust screen (A).
4. Inspect the screen. Shake any particles from the
screen. If necessary, clean the screen with a wire
brush and safety solvent. Reinstall the screen or if it
is excessively dirty or damaged, replace it.
A
B
Figure 15. Clean / Replace Exhaust Screen
A. Exhaust Screen
B. Screw
BATTERY MAINTENANCE
D
C
WARNING
Be careful when handling the battery. Avoid
spilling electrolyte. Keep flames and sparks away
from the battery.
When removing or installing battery cables,
disconnect the negative cable FIRST and reconnect
it LAST. If not done in this order, the positive
terminal can be shorted to the frame by a tool.
D
A
Checking the Battery Fluid
E
Service Interval: Every 100 Hours
1. Raise the seat to access battery compartment.
2. Remove the battery filler cap(s). Fluid must be even
with the split ring full mark (C, Figure 16). If not, add
distilled water.
3. Reinstall the filler cap(s).
FRONT
B
Figure 16. Battery Cables & Fill
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Cleaning the Battery and Cables
Service Interval: Every 100 Hours
1. Disconnect the cables from the battery, negative
cable first (A, Figure 16).
2. Remove the battery from the battery compartment.
3. Clean the battery compartment with a solution of baking soda and water.
4. Clean the battery terminals and cable ends with a
wire brush and battery terminal cleaner until shiny.
5. Reinstall the battery in the battery compartment.
Negative Cable
Positive Cable & Cover
Split-Ring
Nut, Lockwasher, & Washer
Capscrew
6. Reattach the battery cables, positive cable first (B,
Figure 16).
7. Coat the cable ends and battery terminals with petroleum jelly or non-conducting grease.
19
Regular Maintenance
LUBRICATION
Service Interval: Every 25 Hours
Lubricate the unit at the locations shown in Figures 17
through 21 as well as the following lubrication points.
Grease:
• front axle pivot
• front wheel bearings
• steering linkage
• foot pedal
• mower pivots
• mower arbors
• transmission idler assembly pivot
• rear axle shafts (remove wheels)
Use grease fittings when present. Disassemble parts
to apply grease to moving parts when grease fittings
are not present.
Not all greases are compatible. Simplicity Lithium
Grease is recommended; however, automotive-type
lithium grease may be used when this is not available.
Oil:
• hydro linkage
• brake linkage
• frame pivot points
• mower deck height adjustment linkage
Generally, all moving metal parts should be oiled
where contact is made with other parts. Keep oil and
grease off belts and pulleys. Remember to wipe fittings and surfaces clean both before and after lubrication.
Grease Axle
Shafts Yearly
Figure 18. Lubricating Tractor - Typical
*1979
Figure 19. Shift Linkage Lubrication (Gear Model)
Figure 17. Brake Linkage Lubrication - Gear Models
20
Regular Maintenance
Figure 21. Lubricate Deck Linkage (38” shown)
Figure 20. Arbor Lubrication Points
Lubricate Rear Axle Shafts
WARNING
Service Interval: Yearly
Always use a properly working lifting device with
a capacity suitable for the weight of the unit
being serviced.
Always use a jack stand to support the unit while
performing service, and chock remaining wheels
to prevent the unit from rolling off the supports.
Never work under or around an elevated unit that
is not properly supported and secured in position with wheel chocks.
We recommend removing the rear wheels and lubricating the axle shafts yearly. This prevents the wheel from
seizing onto the axle shaft and makes future service easier.
1. Remove the key and disconnect the spark plug wire
while working on the unit.
2. Engage the parking brake and block the front wheels.
3. Using a jack or chain hoist positioned at the center of
the rear frame, carefully jack the unit up until the rear
tires are approximately 1" - 2" off the ground.
A
B
NOTE: For overall unit stability during service, do not
jack rear end higher than required for wheel removal.
D
4. Support the rear of the unit on jackstands positioned
under the rear frame.
5. Remove the plastic hub cap (H, Figure 22).
C
6. Remove e-ring (G) using a screwdriver.
E
F
7. Remove the hub cap retainer (F), small washer (E),
and wheel assembly (D).
G
H
8. Lubricate the axle shaft with anti-seize compound or
lithium grease.
9. Reinstall components in reverse order of disassembly
and lower the unit.
Figure 22. Lubricate the Rear Axle Shafts
NOTE: Gear drive models also have grease fittings located in the transmission casing beneath the axle bearings.
Lubricate the grease fittings once a year.
A.
B.
C.
D.
21
Key
Large Washers
Spacer
Wheel Assembly.
E.
F.
G.
H.
Small Washer (As Required)
Hub Cap Retainer
E-Ring
Hub Cap
Regular Maintenance
SERVICING THE MOWER BLADES
WARNING
For your personal safety, do not handle the sharp
mower blades with bare hands. Careless or
improper handling of blades may result in serious
injury.
4x4 Wood Block
Service Interval: Every 100 Hours or As Required
1. Remove mower from the tractor. See Mower
Installation & Removal.
2. Blades should be sharp and free of nicks and dents.
If not, sharpen blades as described in following steps.
3. To remove blade for sharpening, use a wood block to
hold blade while removing the blade mounting capscrew (Figure 23).
LOOSEN
4. Use a file to sharpen blade to a fine edge. Remove
all nicks and dents in the blade edge. If the blade is
severely damaged, it should be replaced.
Figure 23. Removing the Blade
5. Balance the blade as shown in Figure 24. Center the
blade’s hole on a nail lubricated with a drop of oil. A
balanced blade will remain level.
Workbench
6. Reinstall each blade with the tabs pointing up toward
deck as shown in Figure 25. Secure with a capscrew,
spring washer and hex washer (be certain the hex
washer is aligned with the hex shaft). Use a wooden
block to prevent blade rotation and torque capscrews
to 45-55 ft.lbs. (61-75 N.m.).
Nail
WARNING
Figure 24. Balancing The Blade
For your personal safety, blade mounting
capscrews must each be installed with a hex
washer and spring washer, then securely
tightened. Torque blade mounting capscrew to
45 - 55 ft. lbs. (61 - 75 N.m.)
B
C
D
A
TIGHTEN
Figure 25. Installing The Blade
A. 4x4 Wood Block
B. Hex Washer
C. Spring Washer
D. Blade Bolt
01
22
Regular Maintenance
MAINTENANCE RECORDS:
23
Troubleshooting,
Adjustment, & Service
TROUBLESHOOTING
WARNING
While normal care and regular maintenance will extend
the life of your equipment, prolonged or constant use
may eventually require that service be performed to
allow it to continue operating properly.
To avoid serious injury, perform maintenance on
the tractor or mower only when the engine is
stopped and the parking brake engaged.
The troubleshooting guide below lists the most common
problems, their causes and remedies.
Always remove the ignition key, disconnect the
spark plug wire and fasten it away from the plug
before beginning the maintenance, to prevent
accidental starting of the engine.
See the information on the following pages for instructions on how to perform most of these minor adjustments
and service repairs yourself. If you prefer, all of these
procedures can be performed for you by your local
authorized dealer.
TROUBLESHOOTING THE TRACTOR
SYMPTOM
PROBLEM
SOLUTION
Engine will not turnover or start.
1.
1.
Shift into neutral.
2.
3.
Ground speed lever not in
neutral-start position.
PTO lever in ON position.
Out of fuel.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Engine flooded.
Circuit breaker tripped.
4.
5.
6.
6.
7.
8.
Battery terminals require
cleaning.
Battery discharged or dead.
Wiring loose or broken.
Place in OFF position.
If engine is hot, allow it to cool, then refill
the fuel tank.
Move throttle control out of CHOKE position.
Wait one minute for automatic reset, replace
if defective.
See Maintenance Section.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Solenoid or starter motor faulty.
Safety interlock switch faulty.
Spark plug(s) faulty, fouled.
Water in fuel.
Gas is old or stale.
Clutch/Brake pedal not depressed.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Fuel mixture too rich.
1.
2.
Spark plug faulty, fouled, or
incorrectly gapped.
2.
Clean air filter. Check choke adjustment
(engine speed control).
See engine manual.
Engine knocks.
1.
2.
Low oil level.
Using wrong grade oil.
1.
2.
Check/add oil as required.
See engine manual.
Excessive oil consumption.
1.
Engine running too hot.
1.
2.
3.
Using wrong weight oil.
Too much oil in crankcase.
2.
3.
Clean engine fins, blower screen and
air cleaner.
See engine manual.
Drain excess oil.
Engine exhaust is black.
1.
2.
Dirty air filter.
Engine throttle control
is in choke position.
1.
2.
Replace air filter. See maintenance section.
Change engine speed control position.
Engine runs, but tractor will
not drive.
1.
2.
Ground speed lever in neutral.
Transmission release lever
in “push” position (hydro only).
Belt is broken.
Drive belt slips.
Brake is not fully released.
1.
2.
Shift in forward or reverse.
Move into drive position.
3.
4.
5.
See Drive Belt Replacement.
See problem and cause below.
See authorized service dealer
Engine starts hard or runs poorly. 1.
3.
4.
5.
24
Recharge or replace.
Visually check wiring & replace if damaged.
Tighten loose connections.
Repair or replace. See authorized dealer.
See authorized service dealer.
See engine manual.
Drain fuel & refill with fresh fuel.
Drain fuel & replace with fresh fuel.
Depress pedal.
Troubleshooting, Adjustment, & Service
Troubleshooting the Tractor — Continued
SYMPTOM
PROBLEM
SOLUTION
Tractor drive belt slips.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Clutch is out of adjustment.
Pulleys or belt greasy or oily.
Belt stretched or worn.
Idler pulley pivot bracket
“frozen” in de-clutched position.
1.
2.
3.
4.
See authorized service dealer.
Clean as required.
Replace belt.
Remove idler pulley bracket,
clean and lubricate.
Brake will not hold.
1.
2.
Brake is incorrectly adjusted.
Internal brake disc on
transaxle worn.
1.
2.
See Brake Adjustment.
See authorized service dealer
Tractor steers hard or
handles poorly.
1.
Steering linkage is loose.
1.
2.
3.
Improper tire inflation.
Spindle bearings dry.
2.
3.
Check and tighten any loose connections.
See Steering Gear Adjustment.
See Maintenance Section.
Grease spindles. See Lubrication Section.
1.
Belt stops or belt tension
out of adjustment.
1.
See authorized service dealer.
Drive belt does not stop when
clutch/brake pedal depressed.
TROUBLESHOOTING THE MOWER
SYMPTOM
PROBLEM
SOLUTION
Mower cut is uneven.
1.
2.
Mower not leveled properly.
Tractor tires not inflated
equally or properly.
1.
2.
See Mower Adjustment.
See Maintenance Section.
Mower cut is rough looking.
1.
2.
3.
Engine speed too slow.
Ground speed too fast.
Blades are dull.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Mower drive belt slipping
because it is oily or worn.
Mower drive belt slipping
because PTO clutch is out
of adjustment.
Blades not properly fastened
to arbors.
4.
Set to full throttle.
Slow down.
Sharpen or replace blades.
See Mower Blade Service.
Clean or replace belt as necessary.
5.
See PTO Clutch Adjustment.
6.
See Servicing the Mower Blades.
1.
2.
3.
Engine speed too slow.
Ground speed too fast.
Cutting height set too low.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Discharge chute jamming
with cut grass.
4.
Set to full throttle.
Slow down.
Cut tall grass at maximum cutting
height during first pass.
Cut grass with discharge pointing toward
previously cut area.
1.
1.
Tighten to 45-55 ft.lbs. (61-75 N.m.).
2.
Check and replace as necessary.
3.
4.
5.
Blade mounting screws
are loose.
Mower blades, arbors,
or pulleys are bent.
Mower blades are out
of balance.
Belt installed incorrectly.
PTO Clutch out of adjustment.
4.
5.
Remove, sharpen, and balance blades.
See Maintenance Section.
Reinstall Correctly.
See PTO Clutch Adjustment.
Excessive belt wear or breakage.
1.
2.
3.
Bent or rough pulleys.
Using incorrect belt.
PTO Clutch out of adjustment.
1.
2.
3.
Repair or replace.
Replace with correct belt.
See PTO Clutch Adjustment.
Mower drive belt slips
or fails to drive.
1.
Idler pulley or arbor bearing
seized.
Mower drive belt broken.
PTO Clutch out of adjustment.
1.
Repair or replace as needed.
2.
3.
Replace drive belt.
See PTO Clutch Adjustment.
5.
6.
Engine stalls easily with
mower engaged.
Excessive mower vibration.
2.
3.
2.
3.
25
Troubleshooting, Adjustment, & Service
WARNING
Engage parking brake, disengage PTO, stop
engine, disconnect spark plug wire(s), and
remove key before performing service.
A
SEAT ADJUSTMENT
The seat can be adjusted forward and back. Loosen the
four seat adjustment capscrews (A, Figure 26), slide the
seat to the desired position, and tighten the capscrews.
STEERING GEAR ADJUSTMENT
Figure 26. Seat Adjustment
A. Capscrews
If there is excessive slack in the steering system, the
steering gear backlash can be removed.
1. See Figure 27. Loosen the two nuts and adjust the
bracket so the gear teeth are closely meshed.
2. Tighten nuts after adjustment.
Nuts
Figure 27. Steering Gear Adjustment
BRAKE & BRAKE SPRING
ADJUSTMENT - HYDRO MODELS
Spring Length
1-11/16” to 1-3/4”
NOTE: All hydro brake adjustment is accomplished
through brake spring adjustment.
1. Fully depress brake pedal and lock parking brake.
2. See Figure 28. With the tractor parked on a level surface adjust the brake rod nut (A) until spring (B) is
compressed to a length of 1-11/16” to 1-3/4” (4.30 cm
to 4.45 cm).
B
3. Check the adjustment by backing the tractor up a hill,
engaging the parking brake, and shutting off the
engine. While seated in the operator’s position park
the tractor for at least 30 seconds and watch for
movement.
A
If the parking brake does not hold, tighten the spring.
Figure 28. Brake Spring Adjustment - Hydro Models
If the parking brake cannot be engaged, loosen the
brake spring.
A. Nut
26
B. Spring
Troubleshooting, Adjustment, & Service
D
Area of Detail
A
B
B
C
A
C
1/8”
Figure 29. Brake Adjustment - Gear Models
Figure 31. PTO Clutch Adjustment
A. Clutch Spring
B. Set Collar
C. Cotter Pin
A. Brake Cam Lever
B. Stop
C. Adjustment Nut
D. U-Shaped Bracket
MOWER ADJUSTMENTS
A
PTO Clutch Adjustment
B
The PTO clutch adjustment should be checked when a
new belt is installed or if the mower belt is slipping.
2-1/2 to
2-5/8
1. Install the mower deck on the tractor (the mower
shown in Figure 31 was removed for clarity).
2. Stop the engine, remove the key, set the parking
brake, and disconnect the spark plug wire(s).
3. Disengage the PTO lever.
4. Loosen the set collar (B).
5. Pull the clutch rod back until the cotter pin (C) contacts the U-shaped bracket (D). Slide the set collar
(B) forward to remove all slack from the clutch rod
and spring assembly. The collar should be touching
the spring, but not compressing it.
Figure 30. Brake Spring Adjustment - Gear Models
A. Nut
B. Spring
BRAKE & BRAKE SPRING
ADJUSTMENT - GEAR MODELS
6. Tighten the set collar (B).
7. Engage the PTO lever.
1. Place the transmission in gear and release the parking brake.
8. Measure the length of the compressed clutch spring
(A). The spring should be 2-7/8” to 3” (7.3 cm to 7.62
cm) when compressed. If the spring is not within this
range, proceed to the next step.
2. See Figure 29. Move the brake cam lever (A) forward. There should be a 1/8" (32 mm) gap between
the lever (A) and the stop (B) as shown.
9. Disengage the PTO. Loosen the set collar and move
the cotter pin (C) to the middle or outermost hole in
the clutch rod.
3. To adjust clearance, turn nut (C) clockwise to
decrease the gap or turn nut counterclockwise to
increase the gap.
10. Repeat steps 5-8.
4. See Figure 30. Set the parking brake. Loosen or
tighten adjustment nut (C) to achieve a 2-1/2” to 25/8” (6.35 cm to 6.67 cm) compressed spring length
as shown.
27
Troubleshooting, Adjustment, & Service
WARNING
Before checking mower, shut off engine and
disengage PTO. Allow all moving parts to stop.
Remove ignition key, then disconnect the spark
plug wire and fasten it away from the spark plug.
Leveling The Mower
If the cut is uneven, the mower may need leveling.
Unequal or improper tire pressure may also cause an
uneven cut. Tire pressure should be as follows:
Figure 32. Orient Blades Side-to-Side
• Front: 12 - 15 psi (82-103 kPa)
B
C
• Rear: 10 - 12 psi (56-82 kPa)
SIDE-TO-SIDE ADJUSTMENT
1. With the mower installed, place the tractor on a
smooth, level surface such as a concrete floor. Turn
the front wheels straight forward.
2. Check for bent blades and replace if necessary.
3. Place the mower in high-cut position. Arrange the
mower blades so that they are pointing from side-toside (Figure 32).
A
4. See Figure 34. Measure the distance between the
outside tips of the outer blades and the ground. If
there is more than 1/8" (3mm) difference between the
measurements on each side, proceed to step 5. If the
difference is 1/8" (3mm) or less, proceed to step 6.
Figure 33. Side-to-Side Adjustment
A. Outside Nut
B. Eccentric Nut
C. Taptite Screw
5. See Figure 33. Loosen the outside nut (A) and taptite screw (C), then turn the eccentric nut (B) to raise
or lower the left side of the deck. When the mower
deck is level, hold the eccentric nut while tightening
the outside nut. Tighten the taptite screw (C).
A
B
B
FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT
C
1. Arrange the blades so they face front-to-back (Figure
35).
2. See Figure 34. Measure the distance from the ground
to the front and rear tips of the blades as shown.
Front tips should be equal to rear tips or within 1/8"
higher. If not, proceed to step 3.
Figure 34. Measure Blade Tips to Ground
A. Mower Deck
B. Blade Tips
C. Level Ground
Figure 35. Orient Blades Front-to-Back
28
Troubleshooting, Adjustment, & Service
3. See Figure 36. Loosen the outside nut (A) and turn
the eccentric nut (B) to raise or lower the rear of the
deck. When the mower deck is level, hold the eccentric (B) while tightening the outside nut (A).
B
NOTE: If mower handle drops out of cutting height quadrant, turn adjustment nut (A, Figure 37) clockwise to
increase spring tension. DO NOT tighten nut all the way
so that the spring is solid.
A
BLADE BRAKE CHECK
Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a
complete stop within five seconds after the PTO lever is
disengaged.
1. With tractor in neutral, PTO disengaged and operator
in seat, start the engine.
2. Engage the PTO and wait several seconds.
Disengage the PTO and check the amount of time it
takes for the mower drive belt to stop.
3. If mower drive belt does not stop within five seconds,
see your dealer.
Figure 36. Front-to-Back Adjustment Nut
A. Nut
B. Eccentric
A
Figure 37. Handle Tension Adjustment
A. Adjustment Nut
29
Troubleshooting, Adjustment, & Service
MOWER BELT REPLACEMENT
A
38” Mowers
B
1. Park the tractor on a level surface. Disengage the
PTO, turn off the engine and set the parking brake.
Remove the key.
2. Remove the mower deck from the tractor. See Mower
Installation & Removal in the Operation section.
3. Loosen the nuts securing the belt guides (A, Figure
38).
4. Note the position of the idler pulley belt guide (B).
Loosen the idler pulley capscrew.
4. Remove the old belt from the pulleys and install the
new belt as shown in Figure 38.
5. Tighten the belt guide nuts.
6. Return the idler pulley belt guide (B) to its original
position and tighten the idler pulley capscrew.
7. Reinstall the mower deck on the tractor.
Figure 38. Mower Deck Belt Routing - 38” Deck
A. Belt Guides
B. Idler Pulley Belt Guide
30
A
Troubleshooting, Adjustment, & Service
TRACTOR DRIVE BELT REPLACEMENT
C
B
To avoid damaging belts, DO NOT PRY
BELTS OVER PULLEYS.
A
All Models
1. Park the tractor on a level surface. Disengage the
PTO, turn off the engine and set the parking brake.
Remove the key.
2. Remove the mower deck from the tractor. See Mower
Installation & Removal.
Figure 39. Drive Belt Routing - All Models
A. Engine Pulley
B. Transmission Pulley
3. Loosen the bolts securing the engine pulley belt
guide (A, Figure 40).
C. Idler Pulleys
4. Remove the rear drag link hardware (B, Figure 40).
When reassembling, apply thread locking compound
to nut before tightening.
5. Gear models, disconnect the wires from the neutral
switch on the transmission.
Hydro models, loosen the belt stop on the transmission pulley. Belt stop hardware is located on the
inside of RH frame. Move belt stop out of the way.
Belt stop should be positioned 1/8" from belt when
new belt is installed and hardware is tightened.
6. Note the position of the idler pulley belt guide.
Loosen hardware securing the idler pulleys (C, Figure
40).
A
7. Carefully slide belt over transmission pulley and
remove from the idler pulleys (C, Figure 40).
8. Install new belt as shown in Figure 39.
A
B
9. Return the idler pulley belt guide to its original position and tighten the idler pulley hardware.
8. Reverse steps 1-5.
C
Figure 40. Drive Belt Replacement
A. Belt Stop Bolts
B. Drag Link Hardware
C. Idler Pulleys
31
Troubleshooting, Adjustment, & Service
6. Charge the battery until fully charged (i.e. until the
specific gravity of the electrolyte is 1.250 or higher
and the electrolyte temperature is at least 60° F). The
best method of making certain a battery is fully
charged, but not over charged, is to measure the
specific gravity of a cell once per hour. The battery is
fully charged when the cells are gassing freely at low
charging rate and less than 0.003 change in specific
gravity occurs over a three hour period.
BATTERY SERVICE
WARNING
Keep open flames and sparks away from the
battery; the gasses coming from it are highly
explosive. Ventilate the battery well during
charging.
Checking Battery Voltage
Jump Starting With an
Auxiliary (Booster) Battery
A voltmeter can be used to determine condition of battery. When engine is off, the voltmeter shows battery
voltage, which should be 12 volts. When engine is running, the voltmeter shows voltage of charging circuit
which normally is 13 to 14 volts.
Jump starting is not recommended. However, if it must
be done, follow these directions. Both booster and discharged batteries should be treated carefully when using
jumper cables. Follow the steps below EXACTLY, being
careful not to cause sparks. Refer to Figure 41.
A dead battery or one too weak to start the engine may
not mean the battery needs to be replaced. For example,
it may mean that the alternator is not charging the battery properly. If there is any doubt about the cause of the
problem, see your dealer. If you need to replace the battery, follow the steps under Cleaning the Battery &
Cables in the Regular Maintenance Section.
1. Both batteries must be of the same voltage.
2. Position the vehicle with the booster battery adjacent
to the vehicle with the discharged battery so that
booster cables can be connected easily to the batteries in both vehicles. Make certain vehicles do not
touch each other.
3. Wear safety glasses and shield eyes and face from
batteries at all times. Be sure vent caps are tight.
Place damp cloth over vent caps on both batteries.
WARNING
Do not attempt to charge a frozen battery. Allow
the battery to warm to 60° F (15.5° C) before
placing on charger.
4. Connect positive (+) cable to positive post of discharged battery (wired to starter or solenoid).
5. Connect the other end of same cable to same post
marked positive (+) on booster battery.
Charging a Completely Discharged Battery
6. Connect the second cable negative (-) to other post
of booster battery.
1. Be aware of all the safety precautions you should
observe during the charging operation. If you are
unfamiliar with the use of a battery charger and
hydrometer, have the battery serviced by your dealer.
2. Add water sufficient to cover the plate (fill to the proper level near the end of the charge). If the battery is
extremely cold, allow it to warm before adding water
because the water level will rise as it warms. Also, an
extremely cold battery will not accept a normal
charge until it becomes warm.
7. Make final connection on engine block of stalled vehicle away from battery. Do not lean over batteries.
8. Start the engine of the vehicle with the booster battery. Wait a few minutes, then attempt to start the
engine of the vehicle with the discharged battery.
9. If the vehicle does not start after cranking for thirty
seconds, STOP PROCEDURE. More than thirty seconds seldom starts the engine unless some mechanical adjustment is made.
3. Always unplug or turn the charger off before attaching or removing the clamp connections.
10. After starting, allow the engine to return to idle speed.
Remove the cable connection at the engine or frame.
Then remove the other end of the same cable from
the booster battery.
4. Carefully attach the clamps to the battery in proper
polarity (usually red to [+] positive and black to [-]
negative).
11. Remove the other cable by disconnecting at the discharged battery first and then disconnect the opposite end from the booster battery.
5. While charging, periodically measure the temperature
of the electrolyte. If the temperature exceeds 125° F
(51.6° C), or if violent gassing or spewing of electrolyte occurs, the charging rate must be reduced or
temporarily halted to prevent battery damage.
12. Discard the damp cloths that were placed over the
battery vent caps.
32
Troubleshooting, Adjustment, & Service
THIS HOOK-UP FOR NEGATIVE GROUND VEHICLES
To
Starter
Switch
To
Starter
Switch
Jumper Cable
Starting
Vehicle
Battery
Discharged
Vehicle
Battery
Jumper Cable
To Ground
Engine
Block
MAKE CERTAIN VEHICLES DO NOT TOUCH
Figure 41. Battery Jump Starting Diagram
WARNING
WARNING
Any procedure other than the preceding could
result in:
(1) personal injury caused by electrolyte
squirting out the battery vents,
(2) personal injury or property damage due to
battery explosion,
(3) damage to the charging system of the
booster vehicle or of the immobilized
vehicle.
Do not attempt to jump start a vehicle having a
frozen battery because the battery may rupture or
explode. If a frozen battery is suspected, examine
all fill vents on the battery. If ice can be seen or if
the electrolyte fluid cannot be seen, do not
attempt to start with jumper cables as long as the
battery remains frozen.
For your personal safety, use extreme care when
jump starting. Never expose battery to open flame
or electric spark – battery action generates
hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive.
Do not allow battery acid to contact skin, eyes,
fabrics, or painted surfaces. Batteries contain a
sulfuric acid solution which can cause serious
personal injury or property damage.
When removing or installing battery cables, disconnect the negative cable FIRST and reconnect
it LAST. If not done in this order, the positive terminal can be shorted to the frame by a tool.
To avoid engine damage, do not disconnect battery while engine is running. Be sure terminal
connections are tight before starting.
33
Troubleshooting, Adjustment, & Service
TRANSMISSION PURGING
The following procedure applies to the Tuff Torq K-51
hydrostatic transaxle. Purge the transmission if the unit
lacks drive in forward or reverse.
A
1. See Figure 42. Block the front wheels. Elevate the
rear end of the tractor using a chain hoist or floor
jack. Support the rear of the unit using jackstands.
Elevate the unit just high enough for the rear wheels
to clear the ground.
2. Activate the seat switch (A, Figure 42), depress the
clutch / brake pedal (B, Figure 43), and start the
engine. After the engine has started, set throttle (A)
to IDLE.
3. Release the brake pedal (B) and move the ground
speed lever (C) fully forward.
4. While holding the ground speed control in forward
position, engage and disengage the transmission
release valve lever (Figure 43) several times.
5. Move the ground speed lever (C, Figure 43) to full
reverse.
Figure 42. Elevate the Rear End of the Tractor
6. While holding the ground speed control in reverse,
engage and disengage the transmission release
valve lever (Figure 44) several times.
A. Seat Switch
B
7. Engage the transmission release valve lever (Figure
44) and move the ground speed lever (C, Figure 43)
from full forward to full reverse several times.
A
8. Lower the tractor and test run for several minutes.
C
Figure 43. Controls
A. Throttle
C. Ground Speed Lever
Release Lever
Figure 44. Release Lever - Hydro Models
34
Specifications
NOTE: Specifications are correct at time of printing and are subject to change without notice.
ENGINE
TRANSMISSION
15.5 HP Briggs & Stratton Intek
Hydro Models
Make
Model
Horsepower
Cylinder
Bore
Stroke
Displacement
Construction
Type
Pump
Motor
Control
Movement
Hydraulic Fluid
Speeds
@ 3400 rpm
Differential
Axle Shaft
Continuous Torque
Output
Drawbar Rating
Maximum Weight
on Axle
Electrical System
Ignition
Air Cleaner
Lubrication
Oil Capacity
Fuel Tank
Muffler
Briggs & Stratton
Intek
15.5 @ 3600 rpm
1
3.44 in (88 mm)
3.06 in (76.5 mm)
28.4 Cu. in (465 cc)
Overhead Valve, Cast-Iron Sleeve,
Aluminum Crankcase
12 Volt, 3 amp. Alternator Unregulated
Battery: 200 Cold Cranking amps,
23 Min. Reserve Capacity
High Energy Electronic Ignition
Ducted Paper Cartridge & Foam Pre-cleaner
Splash Lubrication
48 Oz. (1.42 L)
Material: High Density Polyethylene,
Transparent
Capacity: 2.0 Gallons (7.5 L)
Compact, Low Back Pressure
Electrical System
Ignition
Air Cleaner
Lubrication
Oil Capacity
Fuel Tank
Muffler
243 lbs.
673 lbs.
Gear Models
Type
Material
Lubrication
Speeds
Speeds
@ 3400 rpm
14.5 HP Briggs & Stratton Intek
Make
Model
Horsepower
Cylinder
Bore
Stroke
Displacement
Construction
Hydrostatic Tuff Torq K51
Variable Displacement Axial Piston
Fixed Displacement Axial Piston
Single Lever Hand Control
Free-Wheeling Lever for Manual Tractor
10w 30 Premium Engine Oil
Forward: 0-5.2 MPH (8.3 km/h)
Reverse: 0-3 MPH (4.8 km/h)
Bevel Gear Type
.75 in
170 ft. lbs.
Briggs & Stratton
Intek
14.5 @ 3600 rpm
1
3.44 in (88 mm)
3.06 in (76.5 mm)
28.4 Cu. in (465 cc)
Overhead Valve, Cast Iron Sleeve,
Aluminum Crankcase
12 Volt, 3 amp Alternator Unregulated
Battery: 200 Cold Cranking amps,
23 Minute Reserve Capacity
High Energy Electronic Ignition
Ducted Paper Cartridge & Foam Pre-cleaner
Splash Lubrication
48 Oz. (1.42 L)
Material: High Density Polyethylene
Transparent
Capacity: 2.0 Gallons (7.5 L)
Compact, Low Back Pressure
Differential
Axle Shaft
Continuous Torque
Output
Drawbar Rating
Maximum Weight
on Axle
Peerless MST 205
Shaft: Hardened
Bearings: Needle Roller & Bushings
EP 90 Oil
Five Forward, One Reverse
1st: 1.0 MPH (1.6 km/h)
2nd: 2.0 MPH (3.2 km/h)
3rd: 3.0 MPH (4.8 km/h)
4th: 4.2 MPH (6.7 km/h)
5th: 4.7 MPH (7.5 km/h)
Rev: 1.4 MPH (2.2 km/h)
Bevel Gear Type
.75 in
225 ft. lbs.
321 lbs.
525 lbs.
CHASSIS
All Models
Frame
Rear Wheels
Front Wheels
Accessibility
Seat
Turning Radius
35
Heavy Gauge Steel Channel - 12/14 Gauge
Engine Mounting: Above Front Axle
Pivot Point Location: Rear Carrier
Tire Size: 18 x 8.50-8 Turf Type
Pneumatic Inflation Pressure:
10-12 psi (82-103 kPa)
Tire Size: 15 x 6.00-6
Pneumatic Inflation Press.:
12-15 psi (82-103 kPa)
Bearings: Sintered Iron with Grease Fittings
Hood Tips Forward, Seat Tips Forward
Medium Back, Adjustable
Inside Rear Tire: 14 in (36 cm)
Specifications
CONTROLS
Mower
All Models
Material
Effective Cutting
Width
Overall Width
with Deflector
Weight
Cutting Height
Steering
Clutch/ Brake
Location
15" (38 cm) Steering Wheel
Gear and Sector, 1.5 turns Lock to Lock
Combination Clutch/Brake/Parking Brake
Pedal. Parking Brake Lock,
Foot/Hand Activated
Mower Height Adjustment: Right Side
PTO Clutch-Manual, Dash
Ground Speed Lever-Seat Deck R.H.
Ignition Key Switch: On Seat Deck
Throttle Lever & Choke Lever:
(Combined) On Dash Panel
Blade Arrangement
Mower Drive
Spindle Bearings
12 Ga.
38 in Mower - 38 in (97 cm)
49.5 in (126 cm)
81 lbs. (36.7 kg)
Variable Between 1.5 and 3.9 in
(3.8 and 10 cm)
Two Blades
V-Belt from Tractor Engine Pulley
Sealed Ball Bearings - Lube Fitting Provided
DIMENSIONS
Tractor
Overall Length
Overall Width
Height
Wheel Base
Weight (approx.)
Net
Shipping
Tractor Length
w/Dozer Blade
68 in (172 cm)
36 in (92 cm)
At Steering Wheel: 41 in (104 cm)
To Top of Engine Cover: 34 in (86 cm)
50 in (127 cm)
371 lbs. (168 kg) w/mower 455 lbs. (206 kg)
610 lbs. (276 kg) w/38 in Mower
est. 86 in (218 cm)
COMMON REPLACEMENT PARTS
MAINTENANCE ITEMS
Use only genuine factory replacement parts. Do not attempt
repairs or maintenance unless proper procedures and safety precautions are followed. For assistance see your dealer.
DESCRIPTION
Engine Oil
SAE 5W-30 SF/CD (Cold Weather 30° & under)
SAE 30W SG/CC (Warm weather 32° & up)
Touch-Up Paint
Metallic Grey, 13 oz. spray can
Cardinal Red, 13 oz. spray can
Cardinal Red, Case of 12 spray cans
Cardinal Red, 1 quart can
Grease Gun Kit w/8 oz. Grease Tube
Replacement 8 oz. Grease Tube for above
Tire Sealant 11 oz. Tube
Degrimer/Degreaser
32 oz. Bottle w/Trigger Spray
1 gallon
Gas Stabilizer
8 oz. Bottle
Case of 12 - 8 oz. Bottles
Dielectric Silicone Compound
QTY.
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
DESCRIPTION
Tractor Drive Belt-Hydro Models
Tractor Drive Belt-Gear Models
38” Mower Drive Belt
38” Mower Blade - RH
38” Mower Blade - LH
Fuel Filter
Exhaust Screen
Battery
Ignition Key
Headlight Bulb
Interlock Switch - PTO
Interlock Switch - Neutral (Hydo Models)
Interlock Switch - Neutral (Gear Models)
Interlock Switch - Seat
Interlock Switch - Foot pedals
- Switch, Black (normally open)
- Switch, Gray (normally closed)
PART NO.
1717397
1665450
1716854
1704101
1704856
173206
1719961
1685215
1717163
1677371
1717050
1665586
1654634
1714711
1704379
1714770
OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
42" Dozer/Snow Blade
Rear Wheel Weights
Tire Chains
Twin Bag Grass Catcher
Grass Mulcher/Leaf Shredder
Front Counterweight
Dump Cart
Gas Cans
36
PART NO.
1685576
1685659
1685718
1686772
1686774
1686773
1685510
103077
1685523
1685619
1685621
1685748
1685747
1685799
Lawn Care
& Mowing Information
GENERAL INFORMATION
Proper mowing is an important part of maintaining your
lawn in the best possible condition. A healthy and well
maintained lawn is better able to resist drought, weeds,
and other stresses. But too much maintenance is as
detrimental to your lawn as neglect. Proper care for your
lawn involves more than just “cutting the grass.” To have
a healthy lawn, you need to know:
✘
✘
✘
✘
✘
✘
✘
Types of Grass, Climate and Conditions
How and When to Water, Fertilize & Aerate
How High to Mow the Grass
When and How Often to Mow
What Mowing Patterns to Use
Proper Mowing Methods
How to Solve Common Mowing Problems
TYPES OF GRASS, CLIMATE AND
CONDITIONS
A variety of grasses are commonly grown in household
lawns, but two main groups known as cool-season
grasses (varieties of bluegrass, ryegrass, and fescue),
and warm-season grasses (typically bermuda, buffalograss, and zoysia varieties) are the most common.
The cool-season grasses are better suited to cooler climates, and do not endure hot and dry weather as well as
warm-season grasses, but conversely, the warm-season
grasses do not grow as well in cooler climates. Most residential lawns are typically seeded with a mixture of these
grasses. (A local nursery or lawn center may help you to
identify what kind of grass your lawn contains from a
sample.)
Knowing your climate and conditions is also important to
proper lawn care. Drier climates or conditions will require
additional watering, while wetter climates may require
more frequent mowing.
HOW AND WHEN TO WATER,
FERTILIZE & AERATE
The best method of watering a lawn is to imitate a slow,
soaking rain, applying about 1 inch of water. A method
of verifying the amount that you have watered, is to place
several empty tin cans (low shallow cans work best) in
various spots around the lawn, and check the depth of
water in the can during the watering process.
HOW TO FERTILIZE YOUR LAWN
Every lawn’s watering needs are unique and are dependent upon the type of grass and soil, the amount of local
rainfall, and other conditions. Most lawns are watered
too often, but with too little water. However too much
water can allow development of diseases with your lawn.
It is best to water the lawn only when necessary, and
then to water it slowly, evenly, and deeply—imitating
a slow, soaking rain.
WHEN TO WATER YOUR LAWN
When the lawn begins to wilt, the grass’s color dulls, or
footprints stay compressed for more than a few seconds,
the lawn is beginning to dry out, and needs additional
moisture. The best time to water is early morning to allow
the water to soak deeply into the lawn and reduce the
amount that evaporates in the hot afternoon sun.
TP 600-2136-01-UV-SMA
HOW TO WATER YOUR LAWN
Fertilizing with a slow-release fertilizer provides missing
nutrients which help create slow, even growth. While
opinions vary on the need for fertilizing, when and how
much to fertilize will be more a factor of the condition of
the lawn and soil than any routine. Remember that overfertilizing can cause harm, and that most fertilizing
should be applied in the spring so that it will release into
the lawn through the summer. For more information,
check with a local nursery or lawn care specialist, and
read and follow the fertilizer manufacturer’s instructions.
AERATING YOUR LAWN
Consider aerating your lawn in spring. Using an aerator
to remove cores of soil from the lawn increases the
speed of clipping decomposition and encourages deeper
root growth by opening up the soil and permitting greater
movement of water, fertilizer and air.
LC—1
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
HOW HIGH TO
MOW THE GRASS
Cut less than
1/3
Often cutting height is a
matter of personal preference. Typically, you should
mow the grass when it is is
between three and five
inches high. The proper
cutting height range for a
specific lawn will depend
upon several factors,
including the type of grass,
the amount of rainfall, the
prevailing temperature, and
the lawn’s overall condition.
Optimal
cutting point
at less than
1/3 from top
of grass blade
Cutting down to this
area contributes to
thatch problems
Cutting the grass too short
causes weak, thin grass
plants, which are easily
damaged by dry periods
and pests. Cutting too short
is often more damaging
than allowing the grass to be slightly higher.
Letting grass grow a bit longer—especially when it is hot and
dry—reduces heat build-up, preserves needed moisture and
protects the grass from heat damage and other problems.
However, allowing grass to grow too high can cause thin turf
and additional problems.
1/3
Cutting off too much at one time shocks the plant’s growth
system and weakens the grass plants. A good rule of
thumb is the 1/3 rule: to cut no more than one third of
the grass height, and never more than 1 inch at a time.
The amount of grass you are able to cut in one pass is also
effected by the type of mowing system you are using (for
example, broadcasting with side discharge decks can
process a much larger volume of grass than mulching does).
NOTE: We cover some specific mowing instructions for
mulching and broadcasting later in this Lawn Care section.
Cut Here On
First Pass
Cut
Here On
Second
Pass
1 inch
Proper Cutting Height
Tall Grass Requires Incremental Cutting
For extremely tall grass, set the cutting height at maximum for the first pass, and then reset it to the desired
height and mow a second or third time.
Don’t cover the grass surface with a heavy layer of
clippings. Consider using a grass collection system
and starting a compost pile.
LC—2
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
WHEN AND HOW OFTEN TO MOW
The time of day and condition of the grass greatly affect
the results you’ll get when mowing. For the best results,
follow these guidelines:
● Mow when the grass is between three and five inches
high.
● Mow with sharp blades. Short clippings of grass one
inch or shorter decompose more quickly than longer
blades. Sharp mower blades cut grass cleanly and
efficiently, preventing frayed edges which harm the
grass.
● Mow at time of day when the grass is cool and dry.
Late afternoon or early evening often provide these
ideal mowing conditions.
● Avoid mowing after rain or even heavy dew, and
never mulch when the grass is wet (moist grass does
not mulch well, and clumps beneath the mower
deck).
WHAT MOWING PATTERNS TO USE
Where possible, make one or two passes around the
outside of the area discharging the grass INTO the lawn
to keep the cut grass off fences and walks.
Always start mowing on a smooth, level area.
The size and type of area to be mowed will determine
the best mowing pattern to use. Obstructions such as
trees, fences and buildings, and conditions such as
slopes and grades must also be considered.
● Cut long straight strips overlapping slightly.
● Where possible, change patterns occasionally to
eliminate matting, graining or a corrugated appearance.
● For a truly professional cut, mow across the lawn in
one direction, then recut the lawn by mowing perpendicular to the previous cut.
Note: Always operate the engine at full throttle when
mowing.
The remainder of the mowing should be done in the
opposite direction so that the clippings are dispersed
OUT onto the area of lawn previously cut.
If you hear the engine slowing down, you are mowing too
fast—using a slower ground speed will improve the cutting efficiency of the blades and prevents many common
cutting problems. Use an appropriate ground speed for
the thickness and height of the grass you are cutting (3rd
gear or slower for manual gear models). If you hear the
engine slowing down you are mowing too fast, use a
slower ground speed.
LC—3
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
MOWING METHODS
Proper Broadcast Mowing
Broadcasting, or side-discharging, disperses fine clippings evenly over the entire lawn. Many golf courses use
this method. Your mower has a deep dish deck to allow
freer circulation of clippings so they are broadcast evenly
over the lawn.
ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR BROADCASTING
Always operate the engine at full throttle when mowing.
If you hear the engine slowing down, you are mowing too
fast—using a slower ground speed will improve the cutting efficiency of the blades and prevents many common
cutting problems.
HOW MUCH GRASS TO CUT OFF WHEN BROADCASTING
ALWAYS use an appropriate ground speed for the thickness and height of the grass you are cutting (3rd gear or
slower for manual gear models). If you hear the engine
Mow when the grass is 3-5 inches long. Do not cut the
grass shorter than 2 to 2-1/2 inches. Do not cut off more
that 1 inch of grass in a single pass.
slowing down you are mowing too fast, use a slower
ground speed.
Proper Mulching
HOW MUCH GRASS TO MULCH
Mulching consists of a mower
Mulching Action
deck which cuts and recuts clipThe best mulching action typicalpings into tiny particles and
ly results from cutting only the
which then blows them down
top 1/2 inch to 3/4 inch of grass
INTO the lawn. These tiny partiblade. This provides short clipcles decompose rapidly into bypings which decompose properly
products your lawn can use.
(much more quickly than longer
UNDER PROPER CONDIclippings). The ideal cutting
TIONS, your mulching mower will virtually eliminate
height will vary with climate, time of year, and quality of
noticeable clippings on the lawn surface.
your lawn. We recommend that you experiment with both
the cutting height and ground speed until you achieve
NOTE: When mulching under heavy cutting conditions, a
the best cut. Start with a high cutting height and using
rumbling sound may be present and is normal.
progressively lower settings until you find a cutting height
MULCHING REQUIRES EXCELLENT MOWING
that is matched to your mowing conditions and preferCONDITIONS
ences.
Mulching mowers cannot function properly if the grass is
LEAF SHREDDING (USE WITH OPTIONAL MULCHER KIT)
wet, or if the grass is simply to high to cut. Even more
Simplicity’s patented Shredder Blades virtually eliminate
than normal mowing, mulching requires that the grass be
raking leaves. Up to 512 cutting edges pulverize leaves
dry and the the appropriate amount is cut.
into tiny particles, which quickly and naturally decomDo not use the mower as a mulching mower during the
pose into food for your lawn. The Shredder Blades must
first two or three mowings in the spring. The long grass
be removed when you mulch grass clippings.
blades, quick growth, and often wetter conditions are
more suitable for broadcasting (side-discharging) or
grass bagging operation.
ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR BROADCASTING
Use full engine throttle matched with a slow ground
speed so that clippings will be finely cut. Ground speed
while mulching should be HALF of the speed that would
be used when broadcasting (side discharging) under
similar conditions. Since mulching requires more horsepower than broadcasting, using a slower ground speed is
vitally important for proper mulching operation.
Leaf Shredder Kit
Part No. 1686609
(Contains 8 shredders)
LC—4
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
✘ Reduce the evaporation of water from your lawn.
TIPS On Dealing With Clippings
Clippings are beneficial to your lawn. A common misconception about clippings is that they automatically
lead to thatch—this is untrue. Short clippings produced
by broadcasting and clippings produced by mulching
methods actually contribute to a healthy lawn
because they:
✘ Provide a cushioning layer to reduce lawn wear.
✘ Moderate soil temperature.
✘ Clippings act as a safe, non-polluting and inexpensive fertilizer that nourishes your lawn. Fresh cut
grass blades are 85% water, and are a rich source
of nitrogen which is essential to lush growth. And
one garbage bag of clippings contains about 1/4 lb.
of usable organic nitrogen.
COMPOSTING
The best way to recycle excess clippings and leave your
lawn looking immaculate is to collect them with an efficient collection system and deposit them in a compost
pile. A compost pile is a collection of grass, leaves, and
other organic wastes which—when properly tended—
decompose into an odorless, topsoil material. This
material, in turn, acts as an inexpensive fertilizer for your
lawn and garden.
How to start a healthy compost pile:
1 Build a bin using bricks, fencing, cement blocks, etc. or purchase a prefabricated bin from a garden store. The bin
should also have venting on each side and from the bottom
to the top.
2 Fill the bin with alternating layers of yard waste. Follow this
recipe:
First layer: 3-4 inches of chopped brush or other coarse
material.
Second layer: 6-8 inches of mixed leaves, grass clippings,
sawdust, etc. Materials should be "sponge damp."
Third layer: 1 inch of soil to add micro-organisms that help
break down organic matter.
Fourth layer: 1-2 inches of manure to provide the nitrogen
needed by micro-organisms.
Keep adding layers until the bin is almost full. Top off with
a 4-6 inch layer of straw and scoop out a "basin" to catch
rain water.
3 Four or five days later the pile will reach temperatures of
140-160 degrees. At this time you'll notice it settling, a
good sign your compost is working properly.
4 After 5-6 weeks, fork materials into a new pile, turning the
outside of the old heap into the center of the new one. Add
water if necessary. The compost should be ready to use
within three to four months when dark brown, crumbly, and
earthy-smelling.
LC—5
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
SOLUTIONS FOR COMMON MOWING PROBLEMS
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Streaking
Streaking
Streaking is when thin strips of uncut grass are left
behind the mower. Streaking is usually caused by
operator error or poor blade maintenance.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Blades are not sharp
Blades are worn down too far
Engine speed is too slow
Ground speed is too fast
Deck is plugged with grass
Not overlapping cutting rows enough
Not overlapping enough when turning
Sharpen your blades
Replace your blades
Always mow at full throttle
Slow down
Clean out the mower
Overlap your cutting rows
When turning your effective cutting width
decreases–overlap more when turning
Stepped Cutting
Stepped Cutting
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Stepped cutting is sharp ridges or uneven levels left in
the lawn surface. Stepped cutting is usually caused by
mower deck damage or misadjustment, or damage to
mower blades.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Deck is not leveled correctly
Tires are not properly inflated
Blades are damaged
Deck shell is damaged
Mower spindle is bent or loose
Blades are installed incorrectly
Level the deck correctly
Check and inflate the tires
Replace the blades
Repair or replace the deck
Repair or replace the spindle
Reinstall the blades correctly
LC—6
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
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Uneven Cutting
Uneven Cutting
Uneven cutting is waviness or smooth troughs in the
lawn surface. Uneven cutting is usually caused by
mower deck damage or misadjustment.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Deck is not leveled correctly
Blades are dull or worn
Blades are damaged
Deck is clogged with grass clippings
Deck shell is damaged
Mower spindle is bent or loose
Blades are installed incorrectly
Level the deck correctly
Sharpen or replace the blades
Replace the blades
Clean out the deck
Repair or replace the deck
Repair or replace the spindle
Reinstall the blades correctly
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Scalping
Scalping
Scalping is when the mower deck comes close to or hits
the ground. Scalping can be caused by the mower deck
misadjustment, unevenness in the lawn, or by mower
deck bouncing because the ground speed is too fast.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Lawn is uneven or bumpy
Mower deck cutting height is set too low
Ground speed is too fast
Deck is not leveled correctly
Tire pressure is low or uneven
Roll or level the lawn
Raise the cutting height
Slow down
Correctly level the deck
Check and inflate the tires
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Stingers
Stingers
Stingers are sparse patches of uncut grass left behind
the mower. Stingers are usually caused by operator
error or poor blade maintenance.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Blades are not sharp or are nicked
Blades are worn down too far
Engine speed is too slow
Ground speed is too fast
Deck is plugged with grass
Sharpen your blades
Replace your blades
Always mow at full throttle
Slow down
Clean out the mower
LC—7
Common International Symbols
Choke
PTO Clutch Engaged
Fast (Throttle)
Parking Brake
Slow (Throttle)
Mower Cutting
Height Adjustment
Throttle
Technical Manuals
Additional Technical Literature Available
Operators Manuals
Additional copies of this manual are available, (and as part
of our product support commitment, we maintain a stock of
printed operators manuals going back many years!)
Parts Manuals
Fully illustrated parts manuals are also available —
these manuals show all of the product’s components in
exploded views (“3D” illustrations which show the relationship of
the parts and how they go together), as well as giving the replacement part numbers and quantities used. Important assembly notes and
special torque values are included in these manuals.
For the applicable manuals currently available for
your model, contact our Customer Publications
Department at 414-284-8519. Have the information listed in the box at the right available when
phoning in your request.
Please allow 3 to 4 weeks for delivery.
Model:
Mfg. No.:
Your Name:
Address:
City, State, Zip:
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Card Expiration Date:
LC—8