E-TON Viper 70M Service manual

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ETON America
Covering Models:
Viper 70M
(RX4-70M)
Viper 70
(RX4-70)
Viper 90R
(RX4-90R)
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70-90cc FOUR STROKE
SERVICE MANUAL
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VIPER SERIES (RX4-70M, 70, 90R)
October 2005
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Table of Contents
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1. INFORMATION.................................................................................................................................... ..3
1.1 Safety .................................................................................................................................................3
1.2 Notes ..................................................................................................................................................3
1.3 Specifications.....................................................................................................................................4
1.4 VIN & Engine Number......................................................................................................................6
1.5 Standard Torque Values.....................................................................................................................7
2. MAINTENANCE ..................................................................................................................................... 8
2.1 Maintenance Schedule .......................................................................................................................8
2.2 Maintenance Record ..........................................................................................................................8
2.3 Fuel Lines & Filter.............................................................................................................................9
2.4 Throttle Operation..............................................................................................................................9
2.5 Throttle Cable Adjustment.................................................................................................................9
2.6 Air Cleaner.......................................................................................................................................10
2.7 Spark Plug........................................................................................................................................10
2.8 Idle Speed.........................................................................................................................................11
2.9 Drive Chain......................................................................................................................................11
2.10 Braking Systems ............................................................................................................................12
2.11 Wheels & Tires ..............................................................................................................................13
2.12 Steering System .............................................................................................................................13
2.13 Toe-In.............................................................................................................................................14
2.14 Gear Oil..........................................................................................................................................15
3. ENGINE REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION ........................................................................................ 16
3.1 Service Information .........................................................................................................................16
3.2 Engine Removal...............................................................................................................................16
3.3 Engine Installation ...........................................................................................................................17
4. FUEL AND LUBRICATION SYSTEMS................................................................................................ 18
4.1 Trouble Shooting .............................................................................................................................18
4.2 Fuel Tank .........................................................................................................................................19
4.3 Carburetor ........................................................................................................................................19
4.4 Engine Oil Level & Changing .........................................................................................................21
4.5 Oil Pump removal / Installation.......................................................................................................23
5. ENGINE COMBUSTION SYSTEM ...................................................................................................... 27
5.1 Service & General Information........................................................................................................27
5.2 Trouble Shooting .............................................................................................................................27
5.2 Trouble Shooting .............................................................................................................................28
5.3 Top End Removal ............................................................................................................................29
5.4 Cylinder Head Removal...................................................................................................................31
5.5 Cylinder Head Assembly .................................................................................................................34
6. CYLINDER & PISTON......................................................................................................................... 37
6.1 Service Information .........................................................................................................................37
6.2 Trouble Shooting .............................................................................................................................37
6.3 Cylinder & Piston Removal .............................................................................................................38
6.4 Piston Installation.............................................................................................................................42
7. TRANSMISSION SYSTEM .................................................................................................................. 45
7.1 Service Information .........................................................................................................................45
7.2 Shift Mechanism (For RX4 90R) C.D.I. ..........................................................................................46
7.3 Automatic Variable Speed Transmission (C.V.T.)..........................................................................46
7.4 C.V.T. Belt.......................................................................................................................................47
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7.5 Electrical Starter Mechanisim..........................................................................................................47
7.6 Kick Starter System .........................................................................................................................48
7.8 C.V.T. Reassembly ..........................................................................................................................52
7.9 Kick Starter Disassembly.................................................................................................................54
7.10 Kick Starter Reassembly................................................................................................................55
8A. TRANSMISSION GEAR SET ............................................................................................................ 57
8A.1 Service Information.......................................................................................................................57
8A.2 Trouble Shooting...........................................................................................................................57
8A.3 Gear Removal ...............................................................................................................................57
8A.4 Gear Set and Bearing Inpection ....................................................................................................59
8A.5 Gear Set Installation......................................................................................................................59
8B. SHIFTING GEAR BOX ...................................................................................................................... 61
8B.1 Service Information.......................................................................................................................61
8B.2 Trouble Shooting...........................................................................................................................61
8B.3 Transmission Assembly Drawing .................................................................................................62
8B.4 Shift Mechanism ...........................................................................................................................63
8B.5 Gear Box Assembly ......................................................................................................................64
9. STEERING SYSTEM............................................................................................................................ 65
9.1 Steering System Drawing ..................................................................................................................65
9.2 Trouble Shooting...............................................................................................................................65
9.3 Handlebar Removal...........................................................................................................................66
9.4 Steering System Removal......................................................................................................................66
10. FRONT WHEELS AND TIRES ........................................................................................................ 71
10.1 Front Wheel System Drawings ......................................................................................................71
10.2 Trouble Shooting ...........................................................................................................................72
10.3 Front Wheel System.......................................................................................................................73
10.4 Front Brakes...................................................................................................................................73
11. REAR WHEEL AND BRAKE SYSTEM .............................................................................................. 76
11.1 Rear Wheel and Brake System Drawings......................................................................................76
11.3 Drive Mechanism...........................................................................................................................77
11.4 Hydraulic Disc Brake System........................................................................................................79
12. BODY COVERS AND EXHAUST SYSTEMS..................................................................................... 85
12.1 Body Cover Drawings....................................................................................................................85
12.2 Body Cover Removal.....................................................................................................................85
12.3 Exhaust System Drawing...............................................................................................................88
12.4 Exhaust System Removal ..............................................................................................................89
12.5 Servicing the Spark Arrestor..........................................................................................................89
13. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ...................................................................................................................... 91
13.1 Trouble Shooting ...........................................................................................................................91
13.2 Ignition Coil ...................................................................................................................................93
13.3 Ignition Timing ..............................................................................................................................93
13.4 Battery Inspection and Maintenance..............................................................................................93
13.5 Wiring Diagrams............................................................................................................................96
14. TROUBLESHOOTING ..................................................................................................................... 100
14.1 Engine Does Not Start .................................................................................................................100
14.2 Poor Performance at Low Idle .....................................................................................................101
14.3 Poor Performance at High Speed.................................................................................................101
14.4 Loss of Power ..............................................................................................................................102
14.5 Poor Handling ..............................................................................................................................103
14.6 “Viper 90R-4 Dies After Shifting or Indicator Lights Blink” Solution Checklist.......................104
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1.1 Safety
Gasoline is extremely flammable and is explosive under certain conditions. Do not smoke or allow sparks or
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flames in your work area.
Never run the engine in a closed area. The exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas that may
cause loss of consciousness and lead to death.
The battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid. Protect your eyes, skin and clothing. If you contact it, flush
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thoroughly with water and call a doctor if electrolyte gets in your eyes.
Engine and exhaust pipe become very hot and will remain hot for one hour after the engine is shut off.
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Do not perform service on parts that are hot.
Used engine oil and gear oil may cause personal damage after repeated or long exposure to skin.
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1.2 Notes
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Keep out of reach of children. Recycle or dispose of engine and gear oil properly at a proper facility.
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All information, illustrations, directions and specifications included in this publication are base on the latest
product information available at the time of approval for printing.
These symbols will appear throughout the manual to indicate important information or tasks.
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CAUTION – Safety notification. Proceed carefully.
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ADJUSTMENTS – Requires inspection, adjustment, or torque.
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FLUIDS – Lubrication or check and replace fluids.
MULTIMETER – Diagnostics and electrical testing.
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MEASUREMENT – Gap and size measurements.
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SPECIAL TOOL – Uncommon tools may be required.
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GENERAL MAINTENCE PART – These parts may need to be replaced often. Part numbers will be
provided when applicable.
E-TON America, LLC reserves the right to make changes at any time without notice and without incurring
any obligation whatever. No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.
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1. INFORMATION
3
Viper 70M-4
(RX4-70M)
(RX4-70)
(RX4-90R)
Four cycle liquid cooled
Four cycle liquid cooled
Four cycle liquid cooled
69.3cc
69.3cc
88.4cc
φ47.0 * 40mm
φ47.0 * 40mm
φ47.0 * 51mm
9:1
9:1
10.2 : 1
Torque / BHP
4.8N m @ 6500rpm / 6.0BHP
Starting
Electrical with Kick start backup
4.8hp @ 6500rpm / 6.0BHP
Electrical with Kick start
backup
6.5hp @ 6500rpm / 48BHP
Electrical with Kick start
backup
Automatic (C.V.T. V-Belt)
Automatic (C.V.T. V-Belt)
Automatic (C.V.T. V-Belt)
Displacement
Bore / Stroke
Compression Ratio /
Pressure
Transmission
Type
Chassis
1430mm / 56.3"
1480mm / 58.3”
1500mm / 59.0"
Overall Width
820mm / 32.3"
850mm / 33.5"
850mm / 33.5"
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Overall Length
940mm / 37.0"
930mm / 36.1
1030mm / 40.6”
Seat Higth
640mm / 25.1"
670mm / 26.4"
680mm / 26.8"
Ground Clearance
80mm / 3.15"
100mm / 3.94"
120mm / 4.7"
Dry Weight
110kg / 243lbs
112kg / 247lbs
115kg / 254lbs
Single A-arm
Dual Adjustable Shocks
Dual A-arm
Dual Adjustable Shocks
Swing Arm
Adjustable Shock
Swing Arm
Adjustable Shock
Swing Arm Adjustable Shock
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Rear
Brakes
N/A
Tires
Front
Rear
Tire
Pressure
Rear
Max
Hydraulic Disc
145/70-6
16/8-7
18/7-8
145/70-6
16/8-7
18/9-8
3.2psi / 0.23kg/cm2
3.2psi / 0.23kg/cm2
3.2psi / 0.23kg/cm2
4.0psi / 0.28kg/cm2
4.0psi / 0.28kg/cm2
Min
3.2psi / 0.23kg/cm2
3.2psi / 0.23kg/cm2
Max
4.0psi / 0.28kg/cm2
4.0psi / 0.28kg/cm2
Direct attach
4 x 110mm
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Wheels
Min
Bolt Pattern
SW 18mm (Manual Choke)
Main Jet
0.95mm
Pilot Jet
0.32mm
Air Mixture Adjustment
Idle Speed
Idle 1700 - 1900rpm
Back out 1 1/2 – 1 3/4 turns
520x13t
Rear
520x28t
4.0psi / 0.28kg/cm2
4 x 110mm (P.C.D)
TK SVR 22mm (Manual
Choke)
0.95mm
0.1mm
0.32mm
Back out 1 1/2 – 1 3/4 turns
Back out 1 1/2 – 1 3/4 turns
Idle 1700 - 1900rpm
Idle 1700 - 1900rpm
520x13t
520x13t
520x28t
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
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4.0psi / 0.28kg/cm2
3.2psi / 0.23kg/cm2
0.32mm
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Sprockets
Front
SW 18mm (Manual Choke)
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Carburetor
Make/Size
Dual Mechanical drum
Hydraulic Disc
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Front
Dual Mechanical drum
Hydraulic Disc
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Rear
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Front
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Front
Single A-arm
Dual Adjustable Shocks
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860mm / 33.9"
930mm / 36.1"
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800mm / 31.5"
Wheel Base
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Overall High
Suspension
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Viper 90R-4
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Type
Viper 70-4
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Engine
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1.3 Specifications
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520x28t
Chain
12V-4AH/5AH - GTX5L
Fluids
Type
Type
Volume
Type
Transmission
Volume
Spark Plug
NGK
Unleaded Gasoline 89 octane
12V-4AH/5AH - GTX5L
12V-4AH/5AH - GTX5L
Unleaded Gasoline 89 octane
Unleaded Gasoline 89 octane
4.5liters / 1.2gal
4.5liters / 1.2gal
4.5liters / 1.2gal
SAE 20W - 40
SAE 20W - 40
SAE 20W - 40
0.8liters / 0.84gt
0.8liters / 0.84gt
0.8liters / 0.84gt
SAE 80/90 weight
SAE 80/90 weight
SAE 80/90 weight
120cc / 4.1oz
120cc / 4.1oz
300cc / 10.2oz
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Volume
Engine Oil
#520
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Fuel
CR7HSA/NGK
CR7HSA/NGK
CR7HSA/NGK
U22FS-U
U22FS-U
U22FS-U
Z9Y (Not recommended)
Z9Y (Not recommended)
Z9Y (Not recommended)
0.6-0.7mm / 0.023"
0.6-0.7mm / 0.023"
0.6-0.7mm / 0.023"
Remote Control Stop/Start
Standard equipment
Optional kit
Optional kit (Stop only)
Safety Tether Switch
Standard equipment
Standard equipment
N/A
Enclosed Foot Rest Area
Enclosed Engine
compartment
Standard equipment
Standard equipment
Standard equipment
Champion
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Electrode
Gap
N/A
Carrying Capacity
Front
N/A
Rear
Trailer
Wgh
Tongue
Wgh
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
68.2kg / 190lb
68.2kg / 190lb
68.2kg / 190lb
6 years
6 years
12 years
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Minimum Rider Age
N/A
N/A
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Maximum Rider Weight
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Towing
Capacity
N/A
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Rack Capacity
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Safety Features
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Nipendenso
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Specifications are subject to change without notice.
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#520
Battery Size
Jell Acid (Maintenance
Free)
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1.4 VIN & Engine Number
The ATV’s serial numbers are available directly on the ATV. See the pictures below.
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Engine Number
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Frame Number
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The frame VIN number is stamped on the front of the frame.
The engine VIN number is stamped on the left side of the crankcase.
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The torque values shown are the same for the Viper 70M, 70, and 90R models.
NOTE: Maximum metric torque value is shown. Do not exceed maximum torque value.
ENGINE
Cylinder head nut
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25 N/m (13.3 – 18.4 lbf-ft)
Spark plug
12 N/m (5.2 - 8.9 lbf-ft)
Cylinder head bolt
30 N/m (14.8 - 22.1 lbf-ft)
Alternator bolt
12 N/m (5.9 - 8.9 lbf-ft)
FRAME
Handlebar upper holder bolt
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24-30 N/m (17.7-22.1 lbf-ft)
50-60 N/m (36.9-44.3 lbf-ft)
Steering shaft bushing holder nut
24-30 N/m (17.7-22.1 lbf-ft)
Wheel rim bolt
18-25 N/m (13.3-18.4 lbf-ft)
Tie rod lock nut
35-43 N/m (25.8-31.7 lbf-ft)
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Steering shaft nut
King pin nut
30-40 N/m (22.1-29.5 lbf-ft)
40-48 N/m (29.5-35.4 lbf-ft)
Front wheel bolt
24-30 N/m (17.7-22.1 lbf-ft)
30-35 N/m (22.1-25.8 lbf-ft)
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Front axle nut
4-7 N/m (3.0- 5.2 lbf-ft)
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Front brake arm nut
7-12 N/m (5.2- 8.9 lbf-ft)
Rear axle nut
60-80 N/m (44.3-59.0 lbf-ft)
Rear wheel bolt
24-30 N/m (17.7-22.1 lbf-ft)
Exhaust muffler mounting bolt
30-35 N/m (22.1-25.8 lbf-ft)
Engine hanger bolt
24-30 N/m (17.7-22.1 lbf-ft)
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Rear brake arm nut
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Handlebar lower holder nut
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1.5 Standard Torque Values
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2.1 Maintenance Schedule
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The maintenance internals in the follow table are based upon average riding conditions. Riding in unusually dusty
areas requires more frequent servicing. This table applies to all ATV series covered by this service manual. E-TON
recommends that all maintenance and inspections be performed ONLY by a qualified and fully trained technician.
INITIAL
REGULAR SERVICE
SERVICE
EVERY
YEAR
(First week)
(Every 30 operating
days)
Fuel Line
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Throttle Operation
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Air Filter system &
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Element
Spark Plug
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Carburetor Idle Speed
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Drive Chain
I, L
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Brake Shoe Wear
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Brake System
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Nut, Bolt, Fastener
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Wheels & Wheel Nuts
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Steering System
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Suspension System
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C.V.T. Air Filter
C
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Waste Gas Recovery
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Valve
Intake & Exhaust Valve
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Adj.
Gear & Engine Oil
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Note –
I: Inspect and Clean, Adjust, Lubricate, or Replace (if necessary)
C: Clean
L: Lubricate
R: Replace
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2.2 Maintenance Record
Date
Performed By
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Maintenance Performed
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2. MAINTENANCE
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Maintenance Schedule
Four Stroke Vehicles
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WP-0027
300KM 2000 Miles 3700 Miles 7500 Miles NEW 1 Month 3 Months 6 Months 1 Year C * I I I Change I I R(paper) C I R(sponge) R I Change I R I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I/L I 11 12 Check crankcase for leakage Transmission oil 13 Drive belt/roller 14 Fuel tank switch and lines Throttle valve operation and cable 19 Cam Chain/ignition time 20 Valve clearance 21 Shock absorbers 22 Front/Rear suspension 23 Main/Side stands 25 Crankcase (PCV) Valve Brake mechanism/brake lin‐
ing (pad) 26 Tighten all Bolts/Nuts & Fas‐
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17 I Change I I I I .G
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18 Engine bolts and nuts Cylinder head, cylinder, and piston Exhaust system/cleaning carbon w
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Check transmission for leak‐
age 5 Air cleaner element 2i
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I I * = Clean or replace the air cleaner element more often when the vehicle is operated on dusty R = Replace C = Clean (replaced if necessary) L = Lubricate # = Maintenance should be performed more often if the vehicle is frequently operated at high w
Code: I = Inspection, clean, and adjust w
roads or in a heavily polluted environment. speed for prolonged time and after the vehicle has accumulated 50,000 miles. w
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600 Miles 9 2 Every 12000KM 200 Miles I * I Air cleaner C Oil filter (Screen) Engine oil Change I Tire, pressure I Battery I Spark plug I Carburetor (idle speed) I Steering bearing and handles 1 Every 1000KM Every 3000KM Every 6000KM rts
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Scheduled Maintenance om
2.3 Fuel Lines & Filter
Inspect the fuel lines for deterioration, damage, or leakage, and
replace if necessary.
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Check the fuel filter for accumulated dirt and debris. Replace as
needed. Filter replacement is also recommended at the
beginning of each riding season.
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2.4 Throttle Operation
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2.5 Throttle Cable Adjustment
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Slide the rubber cap on the adjuster off the throttle connection.
Loosen the lock nut and adjust the slack
of the throttle lever by turning the adjuster on the throttle
housing. Check the slack of the throttle lever. Ensure it is set
to 5-10 mm (or 0.197-0.394 in).
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Inspect the throttle for smooth operation in all open and
closed positions. Ensure that there is no wear, damage, or
kinking in the throttle cable; replace it if necessary.
Check the throttle lever slack. It should be between 5-10
mm (or 0.197-0.394 in) at the tip of the throttle lever.
To lubricate cable, disconnect the throttle cable at the
upper end. Lubricate the cable with commercially available
lubricant to prevent premature wear and binding of the cable
in the case.
To replace a damaged or worn cable, order part # 811632.
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Filter assembly: Part # 811629
Filter element: Part # 800002
Main fuel line: Part # 811006
Reserve fuel line: Part # 811628
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2.7 Spark Plug
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Note: ETON recommends the use of NGK CR7HSA
Plug Gap
0.6-0.7mm / 0.023”
0.6-0.7mm / 0.023”
Part
# 650013
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MFG Num
CR7HSA
Z9Y
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Plug MFG
NGK
Champion
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ETON recommends that you replace your spark plug at the beginning of
each riding season.
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To change the spark plug, do the following:
1. Stop the engine and wait for it to cool, 30-60 min. (Never work on a hot engine. A hot engine and exhaust can present
a fire and burning hazard.)
2. Locate the spark plug at the front of the engine.
3. Remove the Spark plug lead wire by gently pulling on the plug wires boot. (Do not pull on the wire itself as this could
cause damage to the wire).
4. Remove the old spark plug using the supplied plug wrench and screwdriver
by turning the plug counter clockwise.
5. Set the electrode gap on the new plug to 0.6m-0.7mm / 0.023” using a feeler
gauge.
6. Insert the new plug by hand and tighten finger tight by turning the plug in a
clockwise direction. Use caution not to cross thread the plug in the head.
7. Use the plug wrench to tighten the plug another ¼ to ½ turn. Caution: over
tightening the plug can cause the thread in the engine head to be stripped; under
tightening the plug can cause compression loss and possible cylinder head
failure.
8. Reinstall the plug wire by pressing the wire boot over the plug until it is
completely seated on the spark plug.
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•
•
Unscrew the air cleaner cover screws.
Pull out the air filter element from the air cleaner case.
Wash the element in non-flammable solvent and squeeze
out the solvent thoroughly.
Let it dry.
Soak the filter element in gear oil, and then squeeze out the
excess oil.
Install the element into air cleaner carefully.
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2.6 Air Cleaner
Air/Fuel Ratio adjusting procedure:
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Step 1: Air adjusting screw.
Turn adjusting screw all the way in then back off
¾ to 1¼ turn on 70cc engine.
1 to 1½ turns on 90cc engine.
Air mixture adjusting screw
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Step 2: Adjust idle RPM. (Warm Engine)
Connect an RPM gauge. Turn the adjustment screw in or out to
adjust the engine idle speed to between 1700—1900 RPM.
Turning the idle adjustment screw clockwise will raise the RPM;
turning it counterclockwise will lower the RPM.
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Idle Speed: 1800 ± 100RPM
2.9 Drive Chain
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Inspect the chain slack. The standard is 10-25mm or 0.394-0.984
in.
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The drive chain will stretch with use and will require periodic
adjustments. To check the chain tension, remove the chain guard
and measure the slack. The amount of slack in the chain should
not exceed 10-25mm (or 0.394-0.984 in).
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Inspect the drive and axle sprockets for damaged or broken
teeth. Replace as needed. Inspect the chain links for damaged,
worn or loose rivets. Repair or replace as needed.
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Loosen the axle position lock bolts slightly and turn the chain
adjuster nut to take up the excess slack in the chain. Once the
chain has been adjusted to the proper tension retighten the
axle position locking bolt.
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The chain should be kept well lubricated to prevent excess
wear and premature failure. We recommend that you lubricate
the chain every 20 hours of operation, or more frequently if
needed, with a high quality chain lubricant.
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Chain Slack Adjustment:
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Axle locking bolts
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Chain adjuster
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2.8 Idle Speed
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Engine Sprocket - Part #: 811662
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Inspect the chain-tensioned roller. Replace it, if necessary.
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2.10 Braking Systems
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Inspect the front brake lever (the right hand lever) and cable for
excessive wear or other damage. Replace or repair if necessary.
Measure the slack of the brake lever at the end of the brake
lever. The standard of slack is 15-25 mm (or 0.591-0.984
in).
(For RX470 & 90R; the RX470M RH level is the parking brake.)
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Drive Axle Sprocket - Part #: 610037 (520x28t)
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Inspect the sprocket teeth. If there is excessive wear or
damage, replace the sprocket.
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When the drive chain becomes very dirty, it should be
removed, cleaned, and lubricated. Use commercial chain
lubricant to lubricate the drive chain.
Clean the drive chain with kerosene and wipe it dry. Inspect the
drive chain for worn or damaged links and rivets. Replace the chain
if it is worn excessively or damaged.
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2.12 Steering System
Check the slack of the steering shaft with the front wheels facing
straight ahead. When there is excessive slack, inspect the tie-rod,
kingpin bushing and ball joint.
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CAUTION – This procedure should be performed on all ATVs
during setup.
13
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standard tire pressure is 2.2±0.3 psi. (or 0.15
kg/cm2)
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•
Inspect the tire surfaces for cuts, nails, or other sharp
objects.
Check the tire surfaces at cold tire condition. The
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2.11 Wheels & Tires
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•
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Inspect the rear brake lever (the left hand lever) and cable
for excessive wear or other damage.
Replace or repair if necessary.
Measure the slack of the rear brake lever at the end of the
lever. The standard is 15-25 mm (or 0.591-0.984 in).
(For all models)
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For RX470M, parking brake in rear axle, the brake switch is
located on the (RH) brake lever.
•
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If the toe-in is out of standard, adjust it by changing the length
of the tie-rods equally. Loosen the locking nuts and turn the tierod while holding the ball joint.
Tighten the lock nuts.
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Torque: 35-43 N/m (or 2.40-2.95 lb/ft)
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Carefully move the vehicle back, and rotate the wheels 180
°, so the marks on the tires are aligned with the axle center
height on the other side.
Measure the distance between the marks. Calculate the
difference in the front and rear measurements.
Toe-in: 5±10mm (or 0.197±0.394 in)
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•
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Park the vehicle on level ground and leave the front wheels
facing straight ahead.
Mark the centers of the tires to indicate the axle center
height.
Measure the distance between the marks.
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2.13 Toe-In
14
Gear oil needs to be changed every year.
Front of engine
Drain Bolt
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1. Place an oil catch pan under the unit directly below the
transmission box.
2. Remove the transmission box drain plug located on the bottom
of the transmission box on the underside
of the unit.
4. Allow the oil to drain completely (15-30 min).
5. Reinstall the drain plug and tighten. Torque to 7-10lbf-ft
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6. Fill the transmission box with of SAE 80-90 gear oil
• 70cc Engine = 100cc / 3.4oz
• 90cc Engine with Reverse = 300cc / 10.2oz
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3. Remove the transmission box fill hole plug locate on top of the
transmission box near the oil tank bracket on the left hand side of
the unit.
Bottom of engine for RX4-90R
Front of engine
Drain Bolt
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7. Reinstall the fill hole plug finger tight (90R only) or torque the fill
bolt 7-10lbf-ft (70 and 70M only)
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Front of engine
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Fill Plug
Fill Bolt
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Top of engine for RX4-90R
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Bottom of engine for RX4-70/70M
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Front of engine
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8. Dispose of used oil at a proper recycling station as required by
law.
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LH (clutch) side of engine for RX4-70/70M
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2.14 Gear Oil
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3. ENGINE REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION
3.1 Service Information
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7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
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6.
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5.
Remove the seat, side panels and fenders. (See Section 11)
Disconnect the spark plug cap from spark plug.
Remove the exhaust muffler assembly.
Disconnect the throttle cable from the carburetor by removing the two
screws on top of the carburetor.
Disconnect the oil pump cable from the oil pump control plate, located
under the right side of engine.
Disconnect the wire connections:
a. Carburetor auto-choke (If installed)
b. Carburetor manual choke cable (If installed)
c. Starter motor
d. A/C generator
e. C.D.I. Leads (Label before disconnecting)
f. Disconnect the shifting motor (Viper 90R)
g. Label & disconnect the shift sensor leads (Viper 90R)
h. Disconnect the engine ground wire on the (LH) side of the
engine
Disconnect the fuel line from the carburetor.
Remove the drive chain cover.
Remove the drive chain retaining clip and master link.
Remove the drive chain.
Remove the three engine hanger nuts and bolts.
Carefully remove the engine from the right side of frame.
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1.
2.
3.
4.
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3.2 Engine Removal
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NOTE: The engine should only be removed when repair conditions warrant its removal. Engine removal is a
complex task that should be performed only by a qualified technician or mechanic.
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3.3 Engine Installation
Engine installation is basically removal in reverse.
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1. Replace the engine in the frame from the right side.
2. Reinstall the engine hanger bolts and torque to 24-30
N/m (1.64-2.06 lb/ft).
3. Reinstall the drive chain, and connect with the master
link and retaining clip.
4. Reinstall the chain guard.
5. Reconnect the wire connections:
1. Carburetor auto-choke (If installed)
2. Carburetor manual choke cable (If installed)
3. Starter motor
4. A/C generator
5. Reconnect C.D.I. leads
6. Reconnect the engine ground wire on the (LH)
side of the engine (Viper 90R-4)
7. Reconnect the shift motor
8. Reconnect the shift sensor leads
Note: Use care when rerouting the cables and wires so as not to pinch or bend them.
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6. Reconnect the oil pump cable.
7. Reconnect the throttle cable.
8. Reinstall the exhaust muffler assembly.
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Reconnect the fuel line.
Replace the spark plug cap.
Test-start the engine.
Test the shifting function. (Viper 90R-4 only)
Reinstall fenders, side panels, and seat.
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Note: Replacement of the exhaust gasket with a new gasket is recommended.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
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4. FUEL AND LUBRICATION
SYSTEMS
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•
No fuel in tank
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No fuel to cylinder
•
Too much fuel going into cylinder
•
No spark at plug
•
Engine idles roughly, stalls, or runs poorly.
•
•
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•
•
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Improper adjustment of the idle speed screw
Ignition malfunction
Bad fuel/ air mixture ratio
Air filter dirty
Intake leaks
Fuel tank cap breather clogged
Fuel jet of carburetor clogged
•
Fuel filter clogged
•
Fuel flows restricted
•
Float level in carburetor set too low
•
Lean mixture/rich mixture
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Faulty float needle valve
•
Float level set too high
•
Carburetor air duct is clogged
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Air cleaner clogged
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Engine does not start.
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4.1 Trouble Shooting
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4.2 Fuel Tank
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REMOVAL
• Remove the seat and rear fender.
• Disconnect the fuel line from the carburetor.
• Remove the fuel tank cap and front fender.
• Unscrew the fuel tank mounting bolts.
Warning: Gasoline is highly flammable
Remove the air filter assembly.
Disconnect the fuel line and choke cable or lead wire.
Unscrew the intake pipe mounting bolts at the
carburetor
Remove the carburetor
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Remove the needle clip retainer, the jet needle, and
needle clip.
Inspect the throttle valve and jet needle surface for
wear, scratches or dirt.
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DISASSEMBLY
• Remove the carburetor cap.
• Remove the throttle cable from the throttle valve while
depressing the throttle valve spring.
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REMOVAL
Note: Turn fuel petcock to “off” position
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4.3 Carburetor
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Note: Keep gasoline away from flames or sparks.
Wipe up spilled gasoline at once.
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Unscrew the float chamber screws and
remove the float chamber.
•
Remove the float arm pin, float, and float needle
valve.
Inspect the seat of the float needle valve for wear
or damage.
Inspect the float for signs of leakage (fluid inside
of float)
Replace all worn or damaged parts
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Disassemble the idle jet, main jet, idle speed adjustment, and
idle mixture adjustment screws.
Inspect all the jets and screws for wear or damage. Replace
as needed. Clean the passages and jets with compressed air.
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Air/Fuel
mixture screw
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Pilot jet
Main jet
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ASSEMBLY
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Clean all parts in solvent and blow it dry with compressed air. Assembly is basically disassembly in reverse. ETON recommends that the bowl gasket be replaced during assembly.
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Carburetor rebuilds kits:
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4.4 Engine Oil Level & Changing
Checking the level:
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Check the oil level with the oil level gauge. Do not screw it in when
making this check.
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Place the unit on a level plane.
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Add the recommended oil up to the upper level if the oil level is below
or near lower level line on the gauge.
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RX4-70M/70 – Part # 811312
RX4-90R – Part # 812316
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Install the needle clip on the jet needle.
Install the jet needle in the throttle valve.
Assemble the throttle cable, spring, and throttle
valve. Align the throttle valve groove with the idle speed
adjust screw, and install the carburetor cap on the
carburetor.
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THROTTLE VALVE ASSEMBLY
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Draining the oil:
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Remove the oil filter cap and the oil drain bolt.
NOTE: Drain the oil while the engine is warm to ensure complete
draining.
Remove the oil filter cap, spring and oil filter screen.
Check the O-ring for damage or fatigue.
Drain Bolt
Install the oil drain bolt with sealing washer.
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TORQUE: 12-19 N-m (9.0/14 lbf-ft)
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Bottom of engine (All models)
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ENGINE OIL CAPACITY: 0.8 liter at draining.
• Install the oil filter cap.
• Install the oil level gauge.
• Start the engine and let it idle for 2 to 3 minutes.
• Stop the engine and check that the oil level is at the
upper line on the gauge. Make sure there are no oil
leaks.
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-4
14
32
50
22
68
86
Drain Bolt
Drain Bolt O-Ring
correct engine oil viscosity that is
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Oil
Spring
Oil Filter
Screen
Fill the crankcase with recommended oil.
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Install a new oil filter screen and spring. Then, install
the cap.
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4.5 Oil Pump removal / Installation
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Remove the flywheel and A/C Generator.
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Remove the cooling fan.
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Remove the right crankcase cover.
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Remove the fan cover assembly.
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Remove the oil pump driven sprocket.
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Disassemble the oil pump.
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Units in mm.
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Oil Pump
Assembly
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Remove the oil pump assembly.
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Inspection:
Measure the oil pump body-to-rotor clearance with a feeler
gauge.
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SERVICE LIMIT: 0.12 mm
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Install the oil pump shaft and measure the pump rotor tip
clearance with a feeler gauge.
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SERVICE LIMIT: 0.12 mm.
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SERVICE LIMIT: 0.2 mm.
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Remove the oil pump shaft and measure the pump end
clearance with a feeler gauge.
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Installation:
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Install the A/C Generator, flywheel, and cooling fan.
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Install the oil pump driven sprocket.
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Install the oil pump assembly.
Oil Pump
Assembly
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5. ENGINE
COMBUSTION SYSTEM
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5.1 Service & General Information
•
Camshaft lubrication oil is fed to the
cylinder head through an oil orifice in the
engine case.
•
Before installing the cylinder head make
sure the orifice is not clogged and the
gasket, O-ring, and dowel pins are in
place.
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170 PSI
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The engine must be removed from the
frame to service cylinder head.
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This section describes cylinder head, valves,
camshaft and the other parts maintenance.
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5.2 Trouble Shooting
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Engine top-end problems usually affect engine
performance. These problems can be diagnosed
by a compression test, or by tracing engine noise
to the top end with a sounding rod or stethoscope.
•
Excessive carbon build-up on piston
head or in combustion chamber
•
•
•
Excessive wear of piston or cylinder
Excessive carbon build-up in cylinder
Excessive wear of piston rings
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Excessive noise
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Excessive carbon build-up on the piston
or in the combustion chamber
Engine cooling system fan damaged
Engine cooling air intake blocked
Cylinder fins dirty or clogged
Insufficient oil supply
Ignition timing out of sync
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Improper installation of piston rings
Piston or cylinder wall scored or
scratched
Oil pump cable adjusted to high fuel/oil
ratio
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Excess smoke
Overheating
Cylinder head gasket leaking or damaged
Warped or cracked cylinder head
Cylinder or piston rings worn or
damaged
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High compression
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Low compression
Rocker Arm Cover
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5.3 Top End Removal
Carburetor
Loosen the cam chain adjuster screw.
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Remove the nuts and washers.
Remove the camshaft holder and dowel pins.
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•
•
Intake pipe
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Engine
Engine Shroud
Shroud
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Remove the air cleaner and carburetor.
Remove the intake pipe assembly.
Remove the engine shroud.
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Remove the rocker arm cover.
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Inspection
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Loosen the camshaft gear from cam chain and remove
the camshaft.
Inspect the cam lobes’ surface and height of cam lobes for
wear or damage.
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SERVICE LIMIT:
IN: 25.683mm / 1.008”
EX: 25.241 mm / 0.994”
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Unscrew the 5mm bolt threaded in the rocker arm shaft
end. Pull on the bolt to remove the shafts and rocker arms.
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Inspect the camshaft and bearings for wear or
damage and replace them if necessary.
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Inspect the camshaft holder, rocker arms and rocker
arm shafts for wear or damage.
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Remove the flange bolts and cylinder head.
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Remove the cylinder head gasket and dowel pins.
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5.4 Cylinder Head Removal
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Measure the O.D. of each rocker arm shaft.
SERVICE LIMIT: 9.91 mm / 0.390”
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Measure the I.D. of each rocker arm.
SERVICE LIMIT: 10.10 mm / 0.398”
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Measure the cylinder head diagonally for warping
with a straight edge and feeler gauge.
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•
Clean off all carbon deposits from the combustion
chamber. Be sure not to damage the gasket
surface.
Check the spark plug hole and valve area for
cracks.
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Inspection
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Remove the valve cotters, spring retainers, and
valve springs with a valve spring compressor.
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Cylinder Head Disassembly
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Cam Chain
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Remove the cam chain guide.
SPRING
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Measure the free length of the inner and outer valve
springs.
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Inner 27.0mm / 1.063”
Outer 30.5mm / 1.201”
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SERVICE LIMIT: 4.90 mm / 0.193”
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Measure and record the valve guide I.D.
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SERVICE LIMIT: IN / EX 5.30 mm / 0.209”
SERVICE LIMIT: IN 0.08 mm / 0.003”
EX 0.10 mm / 0.00394”
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Calculate the stem-to-guide clearance.
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NOTE: If the stem-to-guide clearance exceeds the service limits, determine if a new guide with standard
dimensions would bring the clearance within tolerance. If so, replace guides as necessary and ream to fit.
If the valve guide is replaced, the valve seat must be refaced.
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Inspect each valve for turning, burning, scratches,
or abnormal stem wear.
Check the valve movement in the guide.
Measure and record each valve stem O.D.
SPRING
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SERVICE LIMITS:
33
Lubricate each valve stem with oil.
Insert the valves into guides.
Install the valve springs, retainers and the cotters.
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5.5 Cylinder Head Assembly
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Install the cylinder head.
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Cam Chain
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Install the cam chain guide.
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Install the new gasket and dowel pins.
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Installation
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NOTE: To prevent loss of tension, don’t compress the
valve springs more than necessary.
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Camshaft and Rocker Arm Installation
Install the rocker arms and rocker arm shafts into the
camshaft holder.
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TORQUE: 15 N-m (10 lbf-ft)
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Install the cam shaft and cam chain.
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Circle Indicator
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Position the camshaft gear with cam chain so that its “I” mark
aligns vertically with the cylinder head surface and the circle
points away form the cylinder head.
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Align the “T” mark on the flywheel with the index mark on the
alternator cover by turning the flywheel counter-clockwise.
This will indicate that the engine is at top dead center.
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Using a feeler gauge, measure the clearance between the
rocker arm and valve stem. Adjust if necessary.
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Install the cylinder head cover. Screw on and install the
carburetor cap onto the carburetor.
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Loosen the cam chain adjusting bolt by turning it in a
counterclockwise direction. Install the O-ring and screw.
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Standard value: IN: 0.07mm / 0.0028”
EX: 0.07 mm / 0.0028”
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6. CYLINDER & PISTON
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6.1 Service Information
Units in mm
Low or unstable compression
•
Worn cylinder or piston rings
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Overheating
•
Excessive carbon build-up on piston or combustion chamber wall.
Knocking or abnormal noise
•
Worn piston and cylinder.
•
Excessive carbon build-up.
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Excessive smoke
•
Worn cylinder, piston, or piston rings.
•
Improper installation of piston rings.
•
Scored or scratched piston or cylinder wall.
•
Damaged valve stem seal.
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6.2 Trouble Shooting
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Camshaft lubrication oil is fed to the cylinder head through an oil hole in the cylinder head and
engine case. Before installing the cylinder head make sure the hole is not clogged and the gasket,
O-ring, and dowel pins are in place.
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CYLINDER
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Piston Removal - Detailed
Stuff a shop towel into the crankcase.
Remove the piston pin clip with needle nose pliers.
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Do not allow the clip fall into the crankcase.
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.
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Remove the seat, rear fender, and exhaust.
Remove the spark plug cap.
Disconnect the wiring.
Pull out the engine. (see engine removal – section 3)
Remove the air cleaner and carburetor.
Remove the intake pipe mounting bolts.
Remove the cylinder bolt nuts.
Remove the cylinder head.
Remove the cylinder carefully.
Remove one piston pin clip.
Remove the piston pin and piston.
Spread each piston ring and remove it by lifting up at a point just
opposite the gap.
Caution: Don’t let the clip or other foreign objects drop into engine
crankcase
13. Remove the base gasket and dowel pins.
14. Clean off any gasket materials from the gasket surface. Be
careful not to damage the gasket surface.
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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
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6.3 Cylinder & Piston Removal
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Remove the piston pin from the piston.
Remove the piston.
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Spread each piston ring and remove it by lifting up at a point
opposite the gap.
Inspection
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Measure and record the cylinder I.D. at three levels in both an X
and Y axis. Take the maximum reading to determine the cylinder
wear.
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SERVICE LIMIT: 47.1 mm / 1.854”
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Inspect the cylinder walls for scratches or wear.
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SERVICE LIMIT: 0.05 mm / 0.00196”
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Inspect the top of the cylinder for warping.
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SERVICE LIMIT: 0.05 mm / 0.00196”
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Use a feeler gauge to determine the flatness.
Measure the piston ring-to-groove clearance with a feeler gauge.
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SERVICE LIMITS: TOP 0.09 mm / 0.00354”
SECOND 0.09 mm / 0.00354”
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PISTON
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Inspect the piston for wear or damage.
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SERVICE LIMIT: 0.05 mm / 0.00196”
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Calculate the cylinder out-of-round at three levels in an X and
Y axis. Take the maximum reading to determine the out-of –
round.
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Calculate cylinder taper at three levels in an X and Y axis. Take
the maximum reading to determine the taper.
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Insert each piston ring into the cylinder and measure the ring
end gap.
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NOTE: Push the rings into the cylinder with the top of
the piston to be sure they are squarely set in the
cylinder.
2i
Measure the piston pin bore.
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SERVICE LIMIT: 12.98 mm / 0.511”
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Calculate the piston-to-piston pin clearance.
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SERVICE LIMIT: 0.02 mm / 0.00079”
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SERVICE LIMIT: 13.04 mm / 0.513”
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Measure the piston pin O.D.
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SERVICE LIMITS: TOP 0.45 mm / 0.0177”
SECOND 0.45 mm / 0.0177”
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Measure the connecting rod small end I.D.
6.4 Piston Installation
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SERVICE LIMIT: 13.06 mm / 0.514”
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Clean the piston ring grooves thoroughly and install the piston
ring with the mark facing up.
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Install the piston with its “IN” mark on the intake valve side.
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Space the piston ring end gaps 120 degrees apart.
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NOTE: Don’t interchange the top and second rings.
Avoid piston and piston ring damage during
installation.
Install the piston pin with new pin clips.
Do not align the piston pin clip end gap with the piston
cutout.
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•
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6.5 Cylinder Installation
Clean any gasket material from the crank case surface.
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NOTE: Do not allow the clip to fall into the crankcase.
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Coat the cylinder bore and piston rings with engine oil and
install the cylinder.
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NOTE: Be careful to not damage the cylinder wall
surface when installing the piston rings. Use a
screwdriver to hold the cam chain tightly. Do not
allow the cam chain to fall into the crankcase.
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Install the dowel pins and a new gasket.
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NOTE: Be careful not to damage the gasket surface.
CYLINDER
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HEAD
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Torque the cylinder head nuts.
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Torque value: 25 N/m (13.3 – 18.4 lbf-ft)
Install the cylinder head cover
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Torque value: 30 N/m (14.8 - 22.1 lbf-ft)
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Install the cylinder head.
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7.1 Service Information
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Troubleshooting
Abnormal speed limited function
Faulty C.D.I.
Will not move after engine is started
•
•
•
Faulty shift motor
Faulty shift spring or gear
Faulty sensor (F, N1)
•
•
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•
•
•
Belt worn
Front pulley worn or broken
Clutch lining worn
Faulty shift spring
Rollers worn
Rear pulley spring distorted
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Sensor N1
Sensor F
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Shift Motor
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Sensor R
Faulty sensor (F, N1)
Faulty C.D.I.
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Specifications
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Engine stop after successful shift
Sensor N2
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Abnormal shifting or will not reset
Does not run at high speed
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7. TRANSMISSION
SYSTEM
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Units in mm
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7.2 Shift Mechanism (For RX4 90R) C.D.I.
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The C.D.I. is located below the seat. It includes the shift control system.
Replace it if the control system is functioning improperly. There is
also a speed-limit adjuster in the corner. Adjust speed-limited as
follows:
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Position
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Speed Limit Adjuster
Sensor
If the length of the sensor is below 30mm (1.18 in), it must be replaced.
SERVICE LIMITS: 30 mm (1.18 in)
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This transmission is a combination of an automatic centrifugal clutch
and V-belt continuous variable transmission, which changes the
transmission ratio automatically.
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When engine speed increases, the drive pulley will push the belt by
centrifugal force from six rollers. This causes the pitch circle of the
belt in the drive pulley to increase. The belt at the driven pulley is
forced to move to the center of the shaft, causing the radius of the
pitch circle to decrease.
The transmission ratio is therefore altered by the alteration of the
pitch circle’s radius.
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7.3 Automatic Variable Speed Transmission (C.V.T.)
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(NOTE: In the drawing, “H” means high speed; “L” means low
speed.)
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Inspect wire for break or damage and check the contact. Measure sensor dimension (fig-1) after removing the
sensor.
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Driven Pulley
7.4 C.V.T. Belt
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Made of rubber fiber, it is resistant to heat, pressure, and
abrasion. The inner side of the belt is toothed to provide
flexibility for radial diameter changes.
Drive Pulley
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7.5 Electrical Starter Mechanisim
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The Starter Motor is installed on the upper side of engine. The
starter motor can only be activated when the left hand brake is
applied, the transmission is in neutral position, and the ignition
switch is in the on position.
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When the engine speed increases, the rollers push the movable
drive face by centrifugal force. This applies pressure to the belt
which increases its turning radius. The aluminum fan is
installed on the exterior of fixed drive face. This creates an air
flow through the C.V.T. case to remove excess heat caused by
the friction of the drive belt.
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Because the revolving radius of the V-Belt at the Drive End
is increased, the Face Comp Movable Drive is forced out by
the V-Belt at the Driven End to shorten the revolving
radius. There is a Torque Cam on the Movable Drive Face.
The Torque Cam is loaded from outside. When the outside
load is higher than the engine’s output, the pulley of the
fixed shaft and belt slip to make the Movable Drive Face
move along the inner side of the Cam and compensate to
increase to high torque (toward low speed) and makes the
engine run smoothly.
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7.7 C.V.T. Disassembly –
(LH) Crankcase Removal
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Loosen the band screw and remove the CVT inlet duct.
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This kick-starter arm is on the left side of engine. When the kick-starter arm is kicked, the gear of the start shaft
will drive the kick-starter to revolve the crankshaft to start the engine. After the engine is started, the kickstarted will stop transferring the power to the kick-starter-driven gear. When the kick-starter lever is released, the
kick-starter gear will go back to its original position.
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7.6 Kick Starter System
48
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Loosen the flange nut.
Remove the drive pulley assembly and driven belt.
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•
Loosen the flange nut and remove the kick-starter
ratchet.
Remove the drive face.
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CVT Removal
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Remove the gasket and dowel pins. Clean off any gasket
material from the LH crankcase surface.
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Remove the bolts and LH crankcase cover.
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Remove the ramp plate and weight roller set.
Inspect the driven belt for wear, tearing, or damage.
Measure the width of driven belt.
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Inspection
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Inspect the weight roller for wear or damage and replace
them if necessary.
Measure the O.D. of weight rollers.
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SERVICE LIMIT: 17.0 mm / 0.669”
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SERVICE LIMIT: 14.6 mm / 0.575”
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Remove the drive face boss and movable driven face assembly.
V-BELT
WEIGHT ROLLER
Measure the I.D. of movable driven face.
SERVICE LIMIT: 21.24mm / 0.836”
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Inspect the drive face collar for wear or damage.
•
•
Inspect the drive face boss for wear or damage.
Measure the O.D. of drive face boss.
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Inspect the clutch outer for wear or damage.
Measure the I.D. of clutch outer.
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SERVICE LIMIT: 2.0mm / 0.0787”
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Inspect the clutch weight set for wear or damage.
Measure the thickness of clutch weight lining.
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SERVICE LIMIT: 107.5 mm / 4.232”
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SERVICE LIMIT: 20.94mm / 0.824”
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Clutch Weight
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SERVICE LIMIT: 82.6 mm / 3.25”
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Assemble the movable driven face composition, weight roller
set, and drive face.
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Assemble the driven face assembly, spring, and driven plate.
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7.8 C.V.T. Reassembly
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Inspect the driven face assembly and replace if necessary.
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Measure the length of driven face spring in a relaxed position.
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Install the drive face and kick starter ratchet.
Apply red Lock-Tite and torque the locking flange nut.
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Install the movable drive face assembly and boss.
Torque: 27 N-m (20 lbf-ft)
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Install the LH crankcase cover and kick crank assembly.
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Install the driven belt and driven pulley assembly.
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Install the dowel pins and gasket.
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Remove the LH crankcase cover.
Remove the kick crank assembly.
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Inspection
Inspect the kick starter spindle assembly for wear or
damage.
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KICK DRIVEN GEAR
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Rotate the kick starter spindle composition to remove
the kick driven gear and spring.
Remove the kick starter spindle composition and return
spring.
Remove the kick spindle bushing.
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Remove the exterior cir clip and washer from the kick starter
spindle shaft assembly (as shown in picture).
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7.9 Kick Starter Disassembly
54
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Inspect the kick return spring for wear or damage.
Inspect the kick spindle bushing for wear or damage.
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BUSHING
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SPRING CLIP
SPRING CLIP
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MACHINING SURFACE
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7.10 Kick Starter Reassembly
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Install the kick spindle bush, return spring, and spindle
assembly.
Install the kick driven gear and spring.
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Inspect the machining surface for wear or damage.
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Inspect the kick driven gear and spring for wear or damage.
55
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Install the LH crankcase cover and gasket.
•
Install the kick starter.
56
8A.1 Service Information
For transmission repairs, the engine must be removed from the frame.
Drain oil from the transmission case before disassembly. Refill with recommended oil after reassembly.
Always bring the vehicle to a full stop before shifting into forward or reverse.
Shifting while in motion can cause damage to the transmission gears.
8A.2 Trouble Shooting
2i
Difficulty shifting
•
Shift fork bent
•
Shift fork shaft bent
•
Speed too high
Excessive noise from gears
Worn transmission gear
2i
8A.3 Gear Removal
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Transmission jumps out of gear
•
Gear indicator worn
•
Shift fork bent or damaged
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Remove the fixing plate bolts, fixing plate, and sprocket
from the final shaft.
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Remove the drain bolt to drain the oil from the
transmission case.
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•
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8A. TRANSMISSION GEAR SET
GEAR SHIFT SHAFT
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SHIFT FORK
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COVER
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Remove the dowel pins and gasket.
Disassemble the transmission. Inspect and clean.
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COUNTER SHAFT
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Loosen the bolts and remove the transmission cover.
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Remove the cir clip. Then, the final shaft can be removed
from the transmission cover.
58
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8A.4 Gear Set and Bearing Inpection
Turn the inner race of the bearing with your finger.
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8A.5 Gear Set Installation
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Install the transmission cover and final shaft. Secure in place
with the cir clip.
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Check the sprocket and fixing plate for wear or damage.
Replace if necessary.
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The bearing should turn smoothly and quietly,
with no restrictions.
Ensure that the outer races of the bearings fit
tightly in the crankcase.
Replace the bearings if necessary.
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GEAR SHIFT
SHAFT
SHIFT FORK
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Install the counter shaft and reverse shaft in the LH
crankcase.
Install the gear shift shaft and shift fork.
Install a new gasket and dowel pins.
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COUNTER SHAFT
Assemble the transmission cover, sprocket, and fixing plate.
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70/70M - 100cc / 3.4oz
90R – 300cc / 10.2oz
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Fill the transmission cover with the recommended
oil.
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8B. SHIFTING GEAR BOX
8B.1 Service Information
Engine dies after shifting
Faulty CDI
Faulty shift motor
Faulty F/N/R sensor
Faulty shift spring or gear
Faulty A/C generator
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ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
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ƒ
Belt worn
Front pulley worn or broken
Lining of clutch worn
Faulty shift spring
Unit runs poorly at high speed
Belt worn
Rollers worn
Rear pulley spring damaged
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•
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No power when throttle applied
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Rev limiter is malfunctioning
•
Faulty CDI
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8B.2 Trouble Shooting
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•
For transmission repairs, the engine must be removed from the frame.
Drain oil from the transmission case before disassembly. Refill with recommended oil after
reassembly.
Always bring the vehicle to a full stop before shifting into forward or reverse. Shifting while in
motion can cause damage to the transmission gears.
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•
61
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Shift Mechanism
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8B.3 Transmission Assembly Drawing
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8B.4 Shift Mechanism
Gear box disassembly
Remove the transmission cover and gears
Remove and inspect the shift push, fixed shaft, and fork for wear or damage.
•
Measure the fixed shift spring.
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SERVICE LIMIT: 24mm / 0.945”
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Check the shift motor for proper functionality by referring to
this table:
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cam shift
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knock block
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Check the knock block, bearing, and cam shift for wear or
damage. Replace if necessary.
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8B.5 Gear Box Assembly
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GEAR SHIFT SHAFT
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Remove the transmission cover and gears.
Inspect gears for wear, scoring, chipping, or breaking. Replace if necessary.
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COUNTER SHAFT
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9.1 Steering System Drawing
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9. STEERING SYSTEM
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Knuckle
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9.2 Trouble Shooting
Hard Steering
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Faulty tire(s)
Steering shaft holder too tight
Insufficient tire pressure
Faulty or damaged steering shaft bearings
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A-Arms
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Steering System
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9.3 Handlebar Removal
Remove the throttle lever housing on the right handle bar.
Then, remove brake lever bracket.
•
Install the handlebar upper clamp cover.
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Place the handlebar on the lower holders.
Make sure to align the handlebar punch mark with
the tops of the handlebar lower clamps.
Install the handlebar upper clamps with the L or R
marks facing forward.
Tighten the front bolts first, and then the rear bolts.
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INSTALLATION
•
•
Viper 70M
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Viper 70
•
Install the rear brake lever bracket, aligning the boss with the hole. Tighten the screw securely.
•
Align the split line of the throttle housing and holder with the punch mark. Tighten the screw securely.
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•
Remove the front wheels and brake plates.
Remove the carter key and the two self-locking nuts from
the tie rod ball joint ends.
Remove the tie rod.
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9.4 Steering System Removal
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Install the switch housing, aligning the boss with the
hole. Tighten the upper screw first; then, tighten the
lower one.
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TIE-ROD INSPECTION
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KINGPIN INSPECTION
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• Inspect the kingpin for damage or cracks.
• Measure the kingpin outer diameter.
Upper minimum limit: 15.40 mm (0.606 in”)
Lower minimum limit: 16.90 mm (0.665 in”)
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KINGPIN BUSHING INSPECTION
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There are two bushing in the sleeve of front swing arm, the upper
and lower bushing. Check the kingpin bushings for wear or
damage. Measure the inner diameter of the bushings.
Upper minimum limit: 15.69 mm (0.618 in”)
Lower minimum limit: 17.19 mm (0.677 in”)
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•
Inspect the tie-rod for damage or bending.
Inspect the ball joint rubbers for damage, wear or
deterioration.
Turn the ball joints with fingers. The ball joints should turn
smoothly and quietly.
Replace as needed.
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Remove the rubber cap on the kingpin and remove the
cotter pin.
Unscrew the castle nut and remove the kingpin.
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BUSHING INSPECTION
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Inspect the steering shaft for damage or cracks. Measure
the steering shaft outer diameter at the bushing seat.
Minimum limit: 22.0 mm (0.866 in”)
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STEERING SHAFT INSPECTION
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STEERING SHAFT BEARING INSPECTION
•
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Turn the shaft bearing with your finger.
The bearing is on the front part of frame. It should turn
smoothly and quietly.
Inspect the bearing races for wear or damage and for
proper fit.
Replace the bearing if necessary.
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•
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•
Remove the steering shaft.
Remove the bushing from the shaft.
Inspect the bushing for damage or wear, replace if
necessary.
Measure the bushing inner diameter. Maximum limit:
22.8 mm (0.898 in”)
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STEERING SHAFT
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Remove the handle bar and handle bar cover (see
paragraph 8-1).
Remove the front fender (see section 11-1).
Remove attaching nut from the bottom of the steering
shaft.
Pull steering shaft carefully.
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STEERING SHAFT REMOVAL
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INSTALLATION OF TIE-ROD
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“L” Mark
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Install the ball joint with the “L” mark on the steering
shaft side.
Install the tie-rod with the mark on the wheel side.
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Torque: 50-60 N/m (37-44 lbf-ft)
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Set the distance between the ball joints to 164 mm (or 6.46 in). This
is a temporary setting.
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Install the steering shaft nut at the bottom of the steering
shaft and tighten it.
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Apply grease to the steering shaft bushing.
Insert the steering shaft through the bushing.
Ensure the shaft is properly seated in the bearing at
the bottom of the shaft.
Torque: 24-30 N/m (17-22 lbf-ft)
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INSTALLATION OF STEERING SHAFT
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Temporarily set the distance to 147mm (or 5.79 in) between
the ball joints.
Install the tie-rod and tighten the nuts.
The torque setting is 35-43 N/m (or 2.40-2.95 lb/ft).
Install the front brake.
Install the front wheel.
Adjust the toe in.
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Apply grease on the kingpin lower dust seal lips and
install.
Grease the bushing and install the kingpin.
Tighten the kingpin nut.
The torque setting is 30-40 N/m (2.06-2.74 lb/ft).
Fix the waterproof rubber cap.
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INSTALLATION OF KINGPIN
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10. FRONT WHEELS AND TIRES
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10.1 Front Wheel System Drawings
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RX4-70
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RX4-90R
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RX4-70M
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10.2 Trouble Shooting
Damaged Tire
Bent Wheel Rim
Worn Front Brake Drum
Loose Axle Nut
Improper Brake Adjustment
Worn or Damaged Wheel Bushings and/or Spacers
Bent or Damaged Spindle Axle
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Worn or Damaged A-Arm Bushings
Improper Brake Adjustment
Worn or Damaged Brake shoes
Worn or Damaged Brake Drum
Foreign Material, (Sand or Mud), in Brake Drum
Rusted Brake
Drum Worn or Damaged Brake Return Spring
Worn Brake Shoes
Worn or Damaged Brake Drum
Brake Lining Contamination
Oil
Grease
Dirt
Mud
Water
Improper Brake Adjustment
Brake Cable Damaged, Bent, Kinked, or Under
Lubricated
Worn or Damaged Brake Return Spring
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POOR BRAKE PERFORMANCE
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BRAKE DRAG
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FRONT WHEEL WOBBLING
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10.3 Front Wheel System
REMOVAL
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Oil Seal
Bearing
Inter Spacer
Bearing
Oil Seal
Outer Spacer
Wheel Rim
Outer Spacer
Axle Washer
Castle nut : Torque 30-35 N/m (22.1-25.8 lbf-ft)
Cotter Pin (New Cotter Pin recommended)
Rubber Dust Cover
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10.4 Front Brakes
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Remove the front wheel (Section 10.3)
Remove the brake drum.
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Replace brake shoes if measurement is below
service standard.
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Measure the brake lining thickness at its thinness point
The minimum limit: 1.5 mm (0.06”)
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FRONT BRAKE INSPECTION (Note: does not apply to
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INSTALLATION
Install components in this order:
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Raise the front wheels off the ground by placing a block under
the frame.
Remove:
Rubber Dust Cover
Cotter pin
Castle Nut
Axle Washer
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Measure the brake drum inner diameter
Using a set of calipers and measure across the
diameter
Maximum limit: 86 mm (3.39”)
Inspect the surface for deep scratches or
scoring.
Remove any scratches or scoring by
resurfacing the drum on a drum turning
machine. Caution: When resurfacing a
drum, do not exceed the service limit.
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Clean the drum of all dirt, oil, grease, or
other contaminants.
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Remove brake arm and cam. Remove return spring.
Remove indicator plate and felt seal.
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Disconnect the brake cable from the brake arm.
Remove the brake panel from the knuckle.
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BRAKE PANEL REMOVAL
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Turn the inner race with your fingers. The bearings should turn smoothly and quietly. If the race does not turn
smoothly or quietly, remove and replace the bearings.
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Install the brake panel on the knuckle. Connect the brake
cable to the brake arm. Install the brake arm cover.
Tighten the screws securely.
Position the brake shoes in their original locations and
install the brake shoe spring. Install the brake drum and
front wheel. Install the castle nut and cotter pin.
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Punch and groove marks
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Install the brake arm on the cam by aligning the punch
mark and the groove on the cam. Tighten the brake arm
bolt and nut.
Torque: 4-7 N/m (2.95-5.16 lbf-ft)
Install the return spring.
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Apply grease to the brake cam and anchor pin and install the
cam in the brake panel. Soak the felt seal in the engine oil and
install the seal on the brake cam.
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BRAKE PANEL INSTALLATION
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11. REAR WHEEL AND BRAKE SYSTEM
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11.1 Rear Wheel and Brake System Drawings
RX4-70 / 90R
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RX4-70M
RX4-70M
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RX4-70M
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RX4-70 / 90R
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Bad brake performance
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Brake shoes are worn
Bad brake adjustment
Brake linings are oily, greasy, or
dirty
Brake drums are worn
Brake arm setting is improperly
engaged
Axle is not tightened well
Vibration or wobble
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Bent rim
Axle bearings are worn
Faulty tires
Rear axle bearing holder is faulty
Brake drag
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Incorrect brake adjustment
Sticking brake cam
Sticking brake cable
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Remove the rear wheel
Raise the rear wheels off the ground.
Remove the cotter pin, axle nut and washer.
Remove the wheel and wheel hub. Remove the
drive chain under the cover.
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Disassemble the chain, retaining clip, and master link.
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Removal and inspection:
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11.3 Drive Mechanism
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11.2 Trouble Shooting
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Check the driven sprocket for damage or wear.
INSTALLATION
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Check the bearing by turning with your fingers.
The bearings should turn smoothly and quietly. Replace if
necessary.
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Add grease to the dust seal lips and install dust seals.
Assemble the rear axle and the driven sprocket.
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Assemble the drive chain on the driven sprocket.
Assemble the master link and retaining clip. Note the
retaining clip’s direction. Install the drive chain cover.
Assemble the chain cover.
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Place the rear axle on V-blocks and check the run out. The run
out limit is 0.5 mm (0.0197 in)
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Disassemble the driven sprocket, axle, and sprocket collar.
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To the replace brake disc, first remove the rear left
tire.
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Unscrew the two bolts shown on the photo and
remove the caliper. Unscrew the rear wheel
axle nut and remove the mounting seat of
the disc.
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11.4 Hydraulic Disc Brake System
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Assemble the wheel.
Tighten the rear axle nut with 30-35 N/m (22.1-25.8
lbf-ft). Install a new cotter pin.
Adjust the rear brake slack. Adjust chain slack.
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First, remove the rear left tire.
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Unscrew the two bolts shown on the photo and
remove the caliper.
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Press the plate to the end.
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REPLACE THE BRAKE PADS:
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Unscrew the bolts and remove the brake disc.
Check the thickness of disc and replace with a new one if the
thickness less than 3mm (0.118 in”).
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Remove the brake pad as shown.
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Check the thickness of the brake pad and replace with
a new one if the thickness less than 1mm (0.039”).
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Take great care as to not contaminate the brake pads
or rotor with oil, grease, or brake fluid during the
installation.
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Slide the caliper back into position over the rotor and
replace the two caliper retaining bolts and tighten the
torque to 30-40 N/m (22-30 lbf-ft).
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REPLACING BRAKE HYDRAULIC OIL:
First, unscrew the bolts and open the cover.
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Press the caliper piston in fully and place the piston
pad over the retaining pins and piston. Replace the
static pad in the retaining clip and ensure that it is
fully engaged and in the proper location.
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To begin reinstallation of the brakes, replace the
brake rotor on the mounting seat. Reinstall the
mounting seat over the axle and secure with the two
large axle nuts. Torque to 60-80 N/m (44.3-59.0 lbf-ft).
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Unscrew the bolt and drain the used oil.
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Fasten the bolt after the used oil has been drained out
completely.
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Loosen the bleeder valve on the caliper and depress
the brake lever to expel any air in the line. Tighten the
bleeder valve before releasing the brake lever. Repeat
the process until all air has been purged from the brake
line. Tighten the bleeder valve and fill the reservoir with
(Dot 3 or Dot 4) brake fluid to a half full level.
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Reinstall the reservoir cap and cap bolts. Test the
brake system and check for any leaks in the brake line
connections.
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PARKING BRAKE ASSEMBLY (RX4 70M):
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The Viper 70M parking brake is a mechanical caliper on the rear brake
rotor. This caliper is controlled via the right hand brake lever.
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PARKING BRAKE PAD REMOVAL:
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First, remove the tire.
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The Viper 70 and 90R parking breaks utilize the front drum brakes as
the parking brake and are controlled by the right hand brake lever.
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When replacing the brake pads, you must use a hammer
and punch to push the pins out. This will release the pad for
replacement.
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Reassemble the brake caliper using the reverse order of remova
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After removing the rear brake caliper, release the brake cable
nut. Then, you can take apart the parking brake caliper.
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There are two brake caliper fixing bolts on the back of the plate.
Use a wrench to remove those two bolts; you can now take
the whole caliper out.
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12.2 Body Cover Removal
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The rear fender panels must be removed prior to removing the
rear body cover. Remove the seat assembly by releasing the
latch located at the rear of the unit under the seat.
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12.1 Body Cover Drawings
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12. BODY COVERS AND EXHAUST SYSTEMS
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To remove the body cover, remove the four body cover
retaining bolts located in the seat well (picture 6). Gently
slide the rear cover tabs from under the front cover by
pulling the rear cover toward the rear of the unit.
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Gently tilt the panel up toward the unit until the locking tabs
disengage from the body panel (see picture 5).
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Remove the fender panel retaining bolts as shown in pictures
3 & 4 from both the LH & RH panels. Gently lift the fender
panels up to disengage the locking tabs located on the body
cover. Use caution when removing the fender panels to make
sure you do not break the locking tab located on the bottom
edge of the body cover.
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To remove the front body cover:
(The front body cover must be removed prior to removal of the
front fender panels):
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1. Remove the front grill assembly by removing the two
retaining clips located at the top of the grill panel. Gently tilt
the grill cover forward to disengage the locking tabs located
on the sides and at the bottom of the grill cover, taking care
not to break the locking tabs or slots.
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2. Loosen the handle bar cover by removing the two retaining
bolts located in the middle of the cover, just under the
handlebar.
3. Remove the body cover retaining bolt located at the front of
the unit behind the grill panel.
4. Remove the two retaining bolts located under the seat
toward the gas tank.
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5. Remove the body cover by lifting upwards to disengage the
locking tabs from the fender panels, then slide the body cover
forward to clear the handlebars.
To remove the front fender panels (LH and RH):
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2. Lift the fender panel up and away from the unit.
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1. Remove the three retaining bolts located on the inner edge
of the fender panel (one is at the front of the footrest, one is at
the mid point of the fender panel, and one is in the front
behind the grill panel).
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12.3 Exhaust System Drawing
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This is the two-piece exhaust system (exhaust reed system and pipe) for the RX4 70 / 70M / 90.
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Clean the exhaust gasket material from the cylinder
head exhaust port completely using a wire brush
and scraper. DO NOT scratch the gasket seat.
•
When reinstalling the exhaust system, always use a
new muffler gasket to ensure there are no exhaust
leaks between the cylinder and muffler.
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12.5 Servicing the Spark Arrestor
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After every 100 hours of operation, the muffler should be cleaned.
Remove the clean out bolt using a 12mm wrench.
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Muffler gasket – Part # 650243
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a hot exhaust system. Hot exhaust pipe and muffler
pose a serious risk of burn and/or fire hazard.
Remove the two mounting bolts that attach the
exhaust pipe to the exhaust port on the under side of
the engine cylinder.
Remove the two (2) exhaust pipe hanger mounting
bolt from the frame and remove the exhaust
pipe/muffler assembly by tilting the front down and
sliding the assembly to the rear of the unit.
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Caution: Do not attempt to perform maintenance on
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12.4 Exhaust System Removal
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After every 20 hours of operation, the spark arrestor
has to be cleaned. Remove the allen bolt using a 4mm allen wrench.
Use pliers on the removal bar to turn the sleeve of the spark arrestor
counterclockwise while applying an outward pressure until the
screen is removed.
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After every 200 hours of operation, the Spark Arrestor has to be
replaced by removing the retaining bolt using a 4mm allen wrench.
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Clean the screen with an exhaust cleaning solution and replace,
securing it by tightening the retaining nut.
Removal Bar
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Spark Arrestor Screen – Part # 811008
Spark Arrestor
Screen
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Replace with a new Spark Arrestor Screen and secure it by tightening
the retaining bolt.
Nut
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Retaining
Bolt
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NOTE: Failure to maintain a clean exhaust system will cause loss of
power and can eventually lead to engine damage and/or failure.
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Use pliers on the removal bar to turn the sleeve of the Spark Arrestor
counterclockwise while applying an outward pressure until the
screen is removed.
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Retaining Bolt
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13. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
13.1 Trouble Shooting
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Engine starts but dies
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Engine stop switch in OFF position
Remote control switch in OFF position
Ignition switch in OFF position
Safety tether switch disengaged
Faulty spark plug
Faulty ignition switch
Faulty ignition coil
Faulty CDI module
Improper gaping on pickup coil
Faulty A/C generator
Poor connection:
Between CDI and ignition coil
Between alternator and CDI unit
Between CDI and engine stop
switch
Between ignition coil and spark
plug
Between generator and CDI unit
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Exhaust system
clogged
Fuel petcock not fully
opened
Fuel filter clogged or
dirty
Air filter clogged or dirty
Carburetor vacuum leak
Carburetor main jet, pilot jet, or
needle valve dirty
Ignition primary circuit:
• Poor connection of
primary contact
• Improper gap adjustment of
pickup coil
• Faulty ignition coil
• Faulty A/C generator
• Faulty CDI module
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Engine starts but runs poorly
Fuel petcock not in ON position
Dirty or clogged fuel filter
Improper ignition timing
Faulty spark plug
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No spark at plug
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Ignition secondary circuit:
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Poor connection of ignition
coil to spark plug
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Faulty or damaged spark plug
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Intermittent engine power
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Improper ignition timing:
Faulty A/C generator
Faulty CDI module
Loose battery connection
Loose charger connection
Poor ground wire connection
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Charging system failure
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Ignition switch in OFF position
Brake lever is not engaged
Engine stop switch in OFF position
Discharged battery or low battery
charge
Faulty starter relay
Starter switch wires disconnected
Faulty starter switch
Starter motor wires disconnected
Faulty starter motor
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Remote stop switch inoperable
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Fuel tank empty
Fuel petcock in OFF position
Fuel filter dirty or clogged
Dirty air filter
Spark plug wire disconnected
No spark at plug (see “No Spark” above)
Dirty main jet, pilot jet, or needle valve in
carburetor
Loose or poor main ground wire
connection
Improper gap adjustment of pickup coil
Faulty A/C generator
Faulty ignition coil
Faulty CDI module
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Starter motor does not turn
Starter motor turns, but engine
does not start
Loose connection of battery terminal
Corrosion of battery terminal leads
Loose or poor connection of frame
ground wire
Loose connection of A/C generator
wires
Abnormal high current draw on
battery
Faulty A/C generator
Faulty rectifier
Faulty battery
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Remote control battery low or
discharged
Remote receiver antenna wire
broken or not arrayed
Remote receiver leads
disconnected
Remote receiver out of range (30
feet)
Remote receiver obstructed
Loose or poor main ground wire
connection
Remote receiver and transmitter not
on same frequency
Faulty remote receiver
Faulty remote transmitter
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13.2 Ignition Coil
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Ignition timing is controlled by the CDI (Capacitive
Discharge Ignition) module and is set at the
factory via a RCP (ROM Chip Program). The timing
cannot be manually adjusted.
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The preprogrammed ignition advance is 15°±
3°/4000rpm.
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13.4 Battery Inspection and Maintenance
CAUTION: The battery emits flammable and explosive fumes during normal operation.
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Keep away from
sparks, open flame, and other possible sources of ignition. Always provide adequate ventilation during
charging and maintenance of the battery. The battery contains sulfuric acid (an electrolyte). Contact with skin
or eyes may cause severe burns or blindness. Always wear protective clothing and eye protection when
servicing the battery. The electrolyte is toxic. If swallowed, drink large quantities of water or milk and seek
medical attention immediately, or contact a poison control center.
The battery is located under the seat in the battery compartment.
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13.3 Ignition Timing
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Test the secondary coil as shown in this
picture. Secondary coil resistance
should range between 7.4-12.0 kΩ.
If the test results fall outside the stated
ranges, replace the ignition coil
assembly (part # 610189).
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Testing the ignition coil:
• Remove the coil wire cap from the spark
plug
• Unplug the ignition coil primary leads
• Test the primary coil as shown in the
picture. Primary coil resistance should
range between 0.1-0.3 Ω.
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Battery removal:
•
•
•
•
Measure the battery voltage using a multi-meter set
to Voltage
A fully charged battery should read 13.0-13.5V. An
under charged or faulty battery will be below 12.0V.
If the battery is showing under charge condition,
charge the battery using a trickle charger at 7 amps
for 10 hours. When charging the battery, it should
be removed from the unit. Connect the charger
lead to the battery before turning on the charging
unit. Turn the charging unit off before
disconnecting the charging leads from the battery.
Retest the battery voltage. If the battery voltage
shows an under charge condition after charging,
replace the battery (Part # 750173).
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The new battery is shipped dry with the electrolyte
in a separate container. Remove the battery cell
caps and install the electrolyte in the battery cells.
CAUTION: Electrolyte contains sulfuric acid that
can cause severe burns if contact is made with the
skin or eyes.
Allow the battery to completely absorb the
electrolyte (approximately one (1) hour). The battery
should have a full charge. The battery is a gel acid
battery and will not show any liquid electrolyte
when fully absorbed.
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New battery preparation:
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DO NOT place the new battery on a charger as this can
damage the cell plates and make the battery unusable.
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Testing the battery:
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Remove the battery retainer strap
Disconnect the negative (BLACK) battery
lead first
Disconnect the positive (RED) battery lead
next
Use caution when disconnecting lead so as
not to cause a spark
Remove the battery from the battery
compartment
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Battery installation:
•
•
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Battery charging:
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ETON recommends replacing the battery every two years for optimal performance.
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Battery Storage:
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If the vehicle will not be in use for an extended period of time, the battery should be removed and
stored in a location that will ensure that battery will not freeze.
DO NOT store the battery on a concrete surface as it can draw the charge from the battery and
damage the battery plates.
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If the battery become discharged or shows low
voltage you can recharge the battery using a 12
volt battery trickle charger.
Connect the positive lead of the charger to the
positive terminal of the battery.
Connect the negative lead of the charger to the
negative terminal of the battery.
Turn on the charger and allow the battery to
charge from 4 to 6 hours.
Test the battery voltage after charging it should
give a reading of between 12-and 13 volts.
If after charging the battery is still indication a low
voltage or the battery will not hold the charge for
more than a day or two the battery should be
replaced.
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•
Place the battery in the battery compartment.
Clean the battery terminals and lead connectors
of all dirt and corrosion.
Attach the positive (RED) lead to the [+] positive
terminal of the battery first.
Attack the negative (BLACK) lead to the [-]
negative terminal of the battery next.
Check the lead routing to ensure they are clear of
obstruction and do not fall between the battery
and unit body where they could be abraded or
otherwise damaged.
Attach the battery retainer strap to secure the
battery in place.
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The wiring diagram above is for RX4 90
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Wiring diagram for RX4 90R
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13.5 Wiring Diagrams
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Wiring diagram for RX4 70 / 70M
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13.6 Remote Control Stop System
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If the remote controller is not functioning, first check the
batteries in the controller. If it is dead, replace with a new
12-volt A23 alkaline battery. The controller will have to be
reprogrammed when the battery is replaced (see the
Reprogramming section on the next page). If the controller
is lost, or still faulty, the controller and receiver must be
replaced.
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Remove the receiver. Ensure the code on the side of the
receiver box is the same as the code on the controller (see
picture). If they differ, replace the receiver and transmitter
set (part number 811163).
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Remote and receiver are standard on the RX4-70M and
optional on the RX4-70/90R.
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With the front grill removed, the receiver box is on the left
hand side (facing the front), next to the voltage regulator as
show in the picture.
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To remove the receiver, first turn the ignition switch to the
OFF position. Next, remove the front grill by removing the
top two screws.
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Reprogramming
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The remote receiver must be reprogrammed after
replacing batteries in the controller. The receiver
box must be installed on the unit to be
reprogrammed.
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To reprogram the receiver, take the BLACK female
ground wire to ground (i.e. the frame). Turn the left
hand handlebar switch to the ON position. Hold
both buttons on the controller simultaneously for at
least 5 seconds. This will link the transmitter to the
receiver.
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Install the box onto the mounting tab. Install the
male and female connectors and a three-prong plug.
The BLACK female ground wire should remain
unplugged.
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14.1 Engine Does Not Start
Weak or no spark
Faulty spark plug
Fouled spark plug
Faulty CDI unit
Faulty alternator
Faulty engine stop switch
Poorly connected, broken, or shorted wires
Broken or shorted ignition coil
Broken or shorted spark plug wire
Faulty pulse generator
Faulty ignition switch
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•
•
•
•
•
•
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No fuel In fuel tank
Clogged float valve
Clogged fuel tank cap breather hole
Clogged at fuel tube
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•
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No fuel flow to carburetor
Low compression
•
•
•
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•
Auto choke off or damaged
Auto choke power wire disconnected
Improperly adjusted air screw
Improperly ignition timing
Fuel / air mixture ratio is too lean
•
•
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Carburetor flooded
Improperly adjusted air screw
Fuel / air mixture ratio too rich
Auto choke stuck or damaged
Air cleaner dirty
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Engine starts but dies
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Engine does not fire
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• Worn cylinder and piston rings
• Damaged cylinder head gasket
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14. TROUBLESHOOTING
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14.2 Poor Performance at Low Idle
Bad ignition timing
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Faulty CDI unit or pulse generator
Restricted fuel flow
Improperly adjusted air screw
Deteriorated insulator o-ring
Loose carburetor
Weak or intermittent spark
Loose or disconnected ignition system wires
Faulty, wet, or fouled spark plug
Faulty alternator
Faulty CDI unit
Faulty ignition switch
Faulty ignition coil
Faulty pulse generator
Broken or shorted spark plug wire
Faulty engine stop switch
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14.3 Poor Performance at High Speed
Faulty CDI unit
Faulty pulse generator
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Lack of fuel in tank
Clogged fuel line
Clogged fuel valve
Clogged fuel tank breather hole
Dirty air filter
ƒ
Clean with high pressure air gun
Clogged carburetor jets
ƒ
Clean the filter
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Restricted fuel flow
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Bad ignition timing
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Leaking intake pipe
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14.4 Loss of Power
• Brake dragging
• Drive chain too tight
• Damaged wheel bearing
• Wheel bearing needs lubrication
• Punctured tire
• Faulty tire valve
• Fuel / air mixture ratio too rich or lean
• Clogged in air cleaner
• Clogged in muffler
• Restricted fuel flow
• Clogged fuel tank cap breather hole
• Clean and adjust
Low tire pressure
Engine speed does not increase when
accelerated lightly
• Faulty pulse generator
• Faulty CDI unit
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Bad ignition timing
•
• Leaking head gasket
• Worn cylinder and piston rings
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Cylinder compression too low
• Clean and Adjust
• Excessive carbon deposited in
Combustion chamber
• Wrong type of fuel
• Fuel / air mixture ratio is lean
• Use of poor quality fuel
• Worn piston and cylinder
• Fuel / air mixture ratio is lean
• Wrong type of fuel
• Ignition timing too advanced
• Excessive carbon deposited in
Combustion chamber
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Engine overheating
• Clean the spark plug
• Spark plug is incorrect heat range
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Engine knocking at high speed
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Fouled or discolored spark plug
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Wheels do not spin freely
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14.5 Poor Handling
Steering is heavy
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• Damaged steering bearing
• Damaged steering shaft bushing
One wheel is wobbling
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Bent tie-rod
Incorrect tie-rod adjustment
Rear tire pressure incorrect
Improper wheel alignment
• Bent frame
Vehicle pulls to one side
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Bent rim
Improperly installed wheel hub
Excessive wheel bearing play
Bent swing arm
Bent frame
Swing arm pivot bushing excessively worn
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14.6 “Viper 90R-4 Dies After Shifting or Indicator Lights Blink” Solution
Checklist
Problem: Unit will not shift into gear or engine dies when shifting into
ii. Set
iii. Set
iv.
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(1) i. Turn on the ignition switch.
selector switch to neutral (N) position.
stop switch to ‘O’ position.
Apply LH rear brake lever and press the starter button.
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(2) With the brake lever applied, shift to forward or reverse. Verify that
the indicator light is steady and not flashing. If the engine dies,
continue to 3.
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(4) Replace the CDI unit. If the problem persists, replace
with the original CDI unit and continue to step 5.
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(6) Check the wiring harness sensors and connections
for corrosion, and correct color codes. Verify that it
follows one of these sequences:
Neutral:
Gray
Forward:
Green/White
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Blue
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Reverse:
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(5) Check the engine idle RPM using a tachometer. Idle
must be below 3200 RPM before shifting or the engine
will die.
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(3) Perform a continuity test on the left hand brake safety switch.
The switch is normally open. Break lights should deactivate if the
lead is unplugged. Test for continuity when the brake lever is
applied by probing the switch leads. If this fails, replace the broken
switch and return to step 1.
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(7) Next, test the sensors by performing the following.
NOTE: (Always apply the LH brake when using the selector switch)
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Bypass the remote switch, if installed, by connecting the
two leads to each other and removing the switch from the
loop.
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(8) Check all connections, starting at the CDI box, and all
grounds. Also, check the remote receiver loop
(white/black to brown/yellow).
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9) Check the operation of the selector switch. Perform a
continuity test by the color codes of your sensors (as in
step 5).
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a. Test the ignition switch.
With the ignition switch in the off position, test
across the red and brown leads. If current is read,
replace the switch.
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b. With the ignition switch in the on position, test
across the red and brown leads. If NO current is
read, replace the switch.
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c. Apply dielectric grease to the ignition connection.
d. Check each connection pin by probing from switch side to harness side. If you do not
have continuity, determine the failing pin and replace.
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a. Turn ignition switch to ‘O’.
b. Place shift selector in F.
c. Probe the F sensor to ground and check for continuity. If none exists, verify the sensor size limits and
replace as necessary.
d. Place shift selector in N.
e. Probe the N sensor to ground and check for continuity. If none exists, verify the sensor size limits
and replace as necessary.
f. Place shift selector in R.
g. Probe the R sensor to ground and check for continuity. If none exists, verify the sensor size limits
and replace as necessary.
105
a. Place the selector in the N position.
b. Turn ignition key on.
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c. Apply the LH rear brake.
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d. Turn selector from neutral (N) to forward (F).
e. Indicator light should change to ‘F’ and remain steady.
f. Motor shift should be heard. If either of these tests
fails, perform an ohms test on the shift motor by
probing the motor’s leads. (reading: 2—5 Ω).
g. Turn the selector back to neutral (N).
h. Turn selector from neutral (N) to reverse (R). Indicator
light should change to ‘R’ and remain steady.
i. Motor shift should be heard. If either of these tests fails,
perform an ohms test on the shift motor by probing the
motor’s leads (reading: 2—5 Ω).
2i
1) Clean the flywheel. Flywheel puller tool is part number
650660.
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2) Set the Pick-up Coil air gap to 0.025” / 0.635mm.
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a. Testing the generator:
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To test the generator, set the multi-meter to a 1k ohms scale.
Check the ohms from the white/red wire to the generator case
or ground. Ohms reading should be between 105-115 Ω;
replace if 100 Ω or less. To check the output voltage the
generator must be installed and multi-meter set to AC small
scale. Probe the red lead to the white/red wire and the black
lead to battery or chaise ground. Push the starter button with
the flywheel turning. The voltage should read 0.5 to 1.5 volts
AC. If reading is low, replace the A/C generator.
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(10) Symptoms for faulty generator: Weak or intermittent spark, no
spark battery continually discharging, slow throttle response.
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Check operation of the shift motor without the unit running.
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b. Testing the exciter coil:
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Coil resistance.
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Check the pickup coil air gap.
Set to 0.025” / 0.635mm.
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Primary coil resistance is 0.1-0.5Ω.
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Primary
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Secondary coil resistance is 8-11kΩ.
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To test the output voltage, probe the white/red wire to ground and hit the
starter button. With the Flywheel turning the reading should be .4 –1.0 A/C
Volts.
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To test the exciter coil, set the multimeter to a 1k ohms scale. Check the
ohms from the white/red wire to the
generator case or ground. The reading
should be 0.520— 0 .535 kΩ. To test the
auxiliary coil, check from the black/red
wire to generator case or ground as
shown. Reading should be 0.815—0.830
k Ω. If the readings are outside this
range, replace the A/C generator.
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ETON America, LLC
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Service Bulletin
Bulletin No:
0036
RX4-90R Not shifting properly, shift motor
Date:
01/06/06
making noise, or indicator lights blinking.
Qty
1
Part No.
811674
Description
Shift Push Assembly
Shift Motor
714
Shift Push assembly
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Labor Codes
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Part required for engineering change:
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Step 2
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Step 1
Remove the metal floorboard.
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Remove the plastic floorboard.
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There is an engineering change affecting the 2006 Viper 90R 4 cycle ATV with Engine Numbers below
JIExxxxxxxxxxx751. The Shift Push block has been reengineered to reduce friction, allowing the shifting
motor to complete the shift process. Units with out this upgrade may display some or all of the following
symptoms:
1. Incomplete shifting causing blinking indictor lights
2. Grinding noise form shift motor
3. Engine stalling during shifting
4. Starter motor reduction gear failure
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ETON America, LLC
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Service Bulletin
0036
01/06/06
RX4-90R Not shifting properly, shift motor
making noise, or indicator lights blinking.
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Step 4
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Step 3
Disconnect the battery and the CDI box.
Also remove the rear fender and the drive
chain.
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Remove the exhaust pipe and chain guard.
Step 6
Remove the six bolts from the transmission
cover. Remove the engine hanger nut.
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Drain the gear oil from the transmission as
shown in picture
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Step 5
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Bulletin No:
Date:
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ETON America, LLC
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Service Bulletin
Bulletin No:
0036
RX4-90R Not shifting properly, shift motor
Date:
01/06/06
making noise, or indicator lights blinking.
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Step 8
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Step 10
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Step 9
Now remove the 3 screws from the top of
the shift motor. Inspect the reduction gears
for damage; replace as needed
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Remove the shift motor as shown in picture.
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Next remove the two Phillips head screws
from the shift motor cover. This will expose
the shift motor.
2i
Remove the transmission cover and the
gasket.
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Step 7
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ETON America, LLC
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Service Bulletin
0036
01/06/06
RX4-90R Not shifting properly, shift motor
making noise, or indicator lights blinking.
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Step 12
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Step 11
Unscrew the bolt on the bottom of the transmission. This will release the spring and
ball bearing. This bolt is located just in
front of the drain bolt.
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Remove the 2 pins from the shift push and
the shift fork.
Step 14
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Step 13
Once the shift push is out of the transmission, remove the c-clip and washer, and the
pin and springs will slide out from the shift
fork as shown.
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Disassemble the transmission. First, remove
the knock block, then remove the shift push
and shift shaft as one piece as shown in
picture.
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Bulletin No:
Date:
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ETON America, LLC
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Service Bulletin
0036
01/06/06
RX4-90R Not shifting properly, shift motor
making noise, or indicator lights blinking.
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Now, install the new shift push with the
shift fork. Insert the pin and springs. Depress the fork until the c-clip can be installed. We recommend using a press, but it
is not necessary for this installation.
2i
The new shift push has a black insulator
piece installed. Also, the length of the cam
area is increased. This will allow less stress
on the shift motor reduction gears.
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Step 16
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Step 15
Step 18
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Step 17
Make sure the cam is in this position as
shown in picture when installing. This will
make it easier to install the knock block
once the assembly is in the transmission.
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Now, reassemble the shift fork with the gear
shift shaft, making sure that the washer is
on the front side of this shaft as shown in
picture.
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Bulletin No:
Date:
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ETON America, LLC
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Service Bulletin
0036
01/06/06
RX4-90R Not shifting properly, shift motor
making noise, or indicator lights blinking.
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Once the gears are installed, the knock
block can be installed with a pair of needle
nose pliers. Align it as shown in picture.
2i
Install the shift push and the gear shift shaft
as one assembly as shown. The cam needs
to be aligned into the indicator hole in the
case. This will lock the shift push in place.
Also, reinstall the pins as shown in step 11.
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Step 20
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Step 19
Step 22
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Step 21
Connect the wires to the shift motor. The
red wire connection has a red dot to ensure
correct polarity. Now, install the shift motor
cap in reverse order as shown in step 8.
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Install the gasket and the shift motor. The
motor has a “D” shaped keyway that is
keyed to the knock block. Make sure this is
aligned.
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Bulletin No:
Date:
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ETON America, LLC
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Service Bulletin
0036
01/06/06
RX4-90R Not shifting properly, shift motor
making noise, or indicator lights blinking.
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Remove the filler plug and fill the transmission with 10.2oz of 80-90weight gear oil.
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Tighten the six cover bolts and the engine
hanger bolt and nut as shown. Torque to
15-18ft lbs.
Step 26
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Step 25
Clean the transmission gasket surface. Install the two indicator pins as shown in picture. Now, reinstall the gasket and the transmission cover.
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Reinstall the ball bearing the spring and the
bolt in reverse order from step 12. Also,
reinstall the drain bolt as shown in step 5.
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Step 24
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Step 23
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Bulletin No:
Date:
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ETON America, LLC
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Service Bulletin
0036
01/06/056
RX4-90R Not shifting properly, shift motor
making noise, or indicator lights blinking.
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Reinstall the battery, the CDI box, and the
shift motor. Test the operation of the shift
motor to make sure it is engaging in each
gear.
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Now reinstall the following parts in reverse
order of their removal. Start with the drive
chain, the chain guard and the exhaust pipe.
Install the rear fender and the RH footrest.
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Step 28
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Step 27
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Bulletin No:
Date:
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ETON America, LLC
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Service Bulletin
C.D.I. Module Specifications
Viper 70 & 70M (4 Cycle)
Bulletin No.: SB-0043
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Date: 05/01/2006
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2
RX4-70 & RX4-70M -- C0410-A25-0000
Electric resistance(Ω) specification
30K-∞
∞
∞
60-70K
∞
300-500K ∞
∞
∞
w
w
Pcin
IGN
GND
EXT
KS
GND
10-20K
50-70
1-3K
EXT
20-40K
80-100K
5-7K
KS
500K-1M
500K-1M
100-300K
2i
tP
30K-∞
30K-∞
w
ACC
Pcin
IGN
200-500K ∞
∞
80-100K
1-3K
.G
et
ACC
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3
0 1
w
7
4 5
6
100-200K
∞
∞
100-300K
100-200K
w
Specifications highlighted in yellow are the suggested critical testing points. Test points should be
tested first.
w
w
We suggest using analogy type multi-meter to test the electric resistance. We have found using
digital type meter produces to many inaccurate readings.
om
ETON America, LLC
tP
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Service Bulletin
0051
03/01/2007
E-TON ATV, Scooter and Utility Kart
Headlight Wattages
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Bulletin No:
Date:
Head Light Wattages .G
et
Viper 70‐4 10w 12w
10w Viper 150 20w 50w
35w 90w
.G
et
18w 24w
24w
Beamer Matrix 18w 24w
Beamer R2 18w 24w
Beamer R4 18w Rover N/A Rover GT N/A 2i
tP
18w w
Beamer III 50w
12w
24w .G
et
w
5/24/2007 w
w
Per: JI‐EE Engineers w
w
50w
20w 2i
Vector 250 Beamer II 12w
tP
a
w
Maximum Viper 90‐4 Yukon 150 w
Factory Page 1
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2i
Model w
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108
.G
et
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2i
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tP
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2i
.G
et
tP
a
2i
.G
et
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w
w
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