User’s
Manual
VIA K8T800 mainboard for AMD
Socket 754 based Athlon 64 processor
TRADEMARK
All products and company names are trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective holders.
These specifications are subject to change without notice.
60000028H5+11
Manual Revision 1.1
April 26, 2004
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
THERE ARE NO WARRANTIES WHICH EXTEND BEYOND THE
DESCRIPTION ON THE FACE OF THE MANUFACTURER LIMITED
WARRANTY. THE MANUFACTURER EXPRESSLY EXCLUDES ALL
OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, REGARDING ITS
PRODUCTS; INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR
NONINFRINGEMENT. THIS DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES SHALL
APPLY TO THE EXTENT ALLOWED UNDER LOCAL LAWS IN THE
COUNTRY PURCHASED IN WHICH LOCAL LAWS DO NOT ALLOW OR
LIMIT THE EXCLUSION OF THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES.
ii
80 Port Frequently Asked Questions
Below is a list of some basic POST Codes, possible problems and solutions. For
more detailed information about POST Codes, refer to Appendix D in this manual.
P O ST C O D E
P r o bl e m
So l uti o n
FFh o r CFh
1 .B IO S c hip inse rte d
1 . Re inse rt the B IO S
inc o rre c tly
c hip
2 . Inc o rre c t BIO S update
ve rsio n
3 . M ainbo ard pro ble m
4 . Add-o n c ard inse rte d
inc o rre c tly.
2 . D o wnlo ad the c o rre c t
BIO S ve rsio n update
fro m the m anufac ture r's
We b site .
3 . Re plac e m ainbo ard
4 . Re m o ve and re plac e the
add-o n c ard
C1 h - C5 h
1 . M e m o ry m o dule
1 . Re inse rt m e m o ry
inse rte d inc o rre c tly
2 . M e m o ry c o m patibility
m o dule
2 . Re plac e m e m o ry
pro ble m
2Dh
with c o rre c t type
3 . M e m o ry m o dule
dam age d
3 . Re plac e m e m o ry
m o dule
1 . Erro r o c c ure d in VG A
1 . Re plac e VG A c ard
BIO S
2 . VG A c ard inse rte d
2 . Re inse rt the VG A
c ard
inc o rre c tly
26h
O ve rc lo c k e rro r
Cle ar CM O S o r pre ss the inse rt
ke y to po we r o n the syste m
07h - 12h
1 . Initial
Init keKeyboard
ybo ard
c o ntro lle r e rro r
1 . Ensure that the ke ybo ard and
2 . RTC e rro r
c o rre c tly.
2 . Re plac e the RTC batte ry.
m o use are c o nne c te d
iii
Table of Contents
Page
Section 1
Introduction
Package Contents ...................................................... 1- 1
Mainboard Features ................................................... 1- 2
System Block Diagram ............................................... 1- 5
Section 2
Specification
Mainboard Specification ............................................ 2-1
Section 3
Installation
Mainboard Layout ..................................................... 3- 2
Easy Installation Procedure ....................................... 3- 3
CPU Insertion ............................................................. 3- 3
Jumper Settings .......................................................... 3- 6
System Memory Configuration .................................. 3- 7
Expansion Slots .......................................................... 3- 9
Device Connectors..................................................... 3- 11
Power-On/Off (Remote) .............................................. 3- 18
External Modem Ring-in Power ON and
Keyboard Power ON Function (KBPO) ..................... 3- 18
STR (Suspend To RAM) Function ............................ 3- 19
CPU Overheating Protection ...................................... 3- 20
Section 4
BIOS Setup
Main Menu ................................................................ 4- 1
Standard CMOS Setup ............................................... 4- 2
Advanced BIOS Features .......................................... 4- 3
Advanced Chipset Features ...................................... 4- 6
Integrated Peripherals ................................................ 4- 11
Power Management Setup ......................................... 4- 17
PNP/PCI Configuration .............................................. 4- 20
iv
PC Health Status ........................................................ 4-22
Power BIOS Features ................................................. 4-24
Defaults Menu ........................................................... 4-26
Supervisor/User Password Setting ............................ 4-27
Exit Selecting .............................................................. 4-28
Section 5
S-ATA RAID Configuration
Introduction ............................................................... 5-1
VIA S-ATA RAID Features ........................................ 5-3
Silicon Image SiI3114 SATA RAID Features (Optional) 5-4
Enable RAID Function ............................................... 5-5
Section 6
Driver Installation
Easy Driver Installation .............................................. 6-1
Realtek Sound Manager Quick User guide ................ 6-2
Appendix
Appendix A
Realtek Media Player User’s Guide ............................ A-1
Appendix B
Update Your System BIOS ......................................... B-1
Appendix C
VIA RAID BIOS Utility ................................................ C-1
Silicon Image SiI3114 RAID BIOS Utility (Optional) ..... C-7
Appendix D
POST Codes ............................................................... D-1
v
Page Left Blank
vi
Introduction
Section 1
INTRODUCTION
1-1 Package Contents
Contents
Powerpack items (Optional)
A. Mainboard
I. Mini heatsink
B. User’s manual
J. Tool Pen
K. Extra USB2.0 port cable
C. Floppy drive cable
Optional Items
D. HDD drive cable
L. S/PDIF Module
E. CD (drivers and utilities)
If you need the optional item, please
contact your dealer for assistance.
F. I/O Shield
G. Game & COM bracket cable
H. S-ATA data and power cable
E
USER’S
MANUAL
C
G
D
F
B
A
H
I
J
K
L
Page 1-1
Introduction
1-2 Mainboard Features
Features Brief Introduction
2
AthlonTM 64 Processor
The AMD AthlonTM 64 processor family is designed to support performance
desktop. It provides a high performance HyperTransportTM link to I/O, as well
as a single 64-bit high-performance DDR memory controller.
For more information about all the new features AthlonTM 64 Processor deliver, check out
the AMD website at http://www.amd.com
2
Chipset
The board is designed with VIA chipset, K8T800 as North Bridge and VT8237 as
South Bridge, providing a feature rich and scalable platform. The K8T800 North
Bridge is designed with an ultra fast HyperTransport link to the AthlonTM 64 and
comes equipped with AGP 8X features for VGA card expansion.
The K8T800 North Bridge connects to the VT8237 South Bridge through the fast
Ultra V-Link connection at 1.06GB/s. With support for two Serial ATA channels
at 150MB/s bandwidth, integrated RAID (0, 1, 0+1 & JBOD) capability as well as
up to eight USB 2.0 ports, the VT8237 offers the highest possible peripheral
performance for professional users. Additional features include a VIA MAC for
10/100Mbps Fast Ethernet, integrated PCI support.
2
Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP)
The AGP slot on the board is compliant with the new AGP 3.0 specification. This
new specification enhances the functionality of the original AGP specification
by allowing 8X data transfers ( 8 data samples per clock) resulting in maximum
bandwidth of 2.1GB/s. Only 1.5V AGP cards are supported.
2
Ultra ATA100/133
The mainboard provides an Ultra ATA100/133 Bus Master IDE controller. This
controller supports Ultra ATA100/133 protocols which are ideal to support
demanding applications such as real-time video, multimedia, and a high performance operating system. A new IDE cable is required for Ultra ATA100/133.
Page 1-2
Introduction
2
Hardware Monitoring
Hardware monitoring enables you to monitor various aspects of the system
operation and status. The features include CPU temperature, voltage and fan
speed in RPMs.
2
10/100 LAN (Optional)
This mainboard is mounted with a ethernet LAN PHY. It allows the mainboard to
connect to a local area network by means of a network hub.
2
GbE LAN (Optional)
This mainboard is optionally mounted with a Gigabit ethernet LAN chipset. The
new Gigabit Ethernet LAN allows data transmission at 1,000 megabits per second
(Mbps), which runs 10 times faster than conventional 10/100BASE-T Ethernet
LANs.
2
Serial ATA
Support Serial ATA, an evolutionary replacement for Parallel ATA IDE storage
interface .Increases the peak data transfer speed up to 150MB/sec and allows
future enhancements to the computing platform.
2
More S-ATA (Optional)
Extra SiI3114 S-ATA controller onboard for more S-ATA ports, complete with
RAID function, 4 S-ATA ports with 150MB/sec supporting RAID 0, 1 , 10, 5.
2
USB2.0
A popular USB standard for plugging in peripherals with up to 480Mbps transfer
speed while maintaining backward compatibility with older USB1.1 device.
2
8ch
Delivers 8 channel audio to bring you the latest in audio realism from DVD
movies and games. Perfect for your home theatre system.
Page 1-3
Introduction
Special Features
&
Cool ‘n’Quiet Technology
Reduce the noise and heat from your PC when AMD Cool’n’QuietTM Technology
is enabled.
&
80 Port
An onboard LED-display trouble-shooting device ,facilitating user to detect
boot-up problems.
&
QuickSPDIF
On board SPDIF-out connector for quick connection to 6 channel speakers. Not
only removes cable cluttering but also delivers loss-free digital audio to let you
enjoy DVD movies and games with crystal clear sound.
&
Magic Health
Reports your system hardware status for every boot-up to help detect faults
early.Monitor hardware status including CPU temperature ,CPU/Memory/AGP
voltage ,fan RPM speed for chassis fan,CPU fan & Power supply fan.
&
EZ-Boot
Simply press “ESC” to select your bootable device.No more hassle to serach the
BIOS menu.change and re-start.
&
PowerBIOS
Supporting a full range of overclocking setting via BIOS ,Various adjustable
feature include FSB/AGP/Memory voltage tweaking.
Page 1-4
Introduction
1-3 System Block Diagram
Figure 5: System Block Diagram
Page 1-5
Introduction
Page 1-6
Specification
Section 2
SPECIFICATION
Mainboard Specification
Processor
Š Supports 754-pin Socket for AMD Athlon 64 processors with 1.6GTs Hyper
Transport FSB up to 3700+
Chipset
Š VIA K8T800 AGPset : VIA K8T800 + VT8237
Main Memory
Š Three 184-pin DDR DIMM sockets for 64-bit, Unbuffered, Single/Doubleside and DDR-266/333/400 DIMMs
Š Supports up to 3GB memory size
BIOS
Š Flash EEPROM with Award BIOS
- ACPI v2.0 compliant
- S3 (Suspend to DRAM) sleep-state support
- SMBIOS (System Management BIOS) v2.2 compliant
- Supports Power failure recovery
- Able to wake the computer from specific states by LAN, Power switch,
PME#, RTC alarm, USB, PS2 K/B, PS2 Mouse, Modem Ring-in COM#1…
Onboard PCI Devices
Š LAN -->
Embedded 10/100Mbps Fast Ethernet controller with onboard
VIA 6103 PHY (Optional)
Integrates 1Gbps Ethernet controller with onboard Marvell
88E8001 LAN Chipset (Optional)
Page 2-1
Specification
Š S-ATA --> Integrated Serial ATA controller from Silicon Image SiI3114
(Optional) for 4 ports solution with RAID 0, 1 ,10, 5 and support up to
150MB/sec transfer rate
For more detailed information about SiI3114, refer to
user’s manual in the bundled CD.
Legacy IO Controller
Š Winbond W83687THF LPC IO controller with floppy, printer, game, serial
and SIR interface
Š Supports Hardware Monitoring function
Š Intelligent CPU fan speed control to lower system noise
Audio
Š Eight channel audio with analog and digital output using Realtek ALC850
AC’97 CODEC
- AC’97 v2.3 compliant
- Supports CD-In, Aux-In and S/PDIF-in/out interface
- Supports Line-out and Mic-In for front panel
- Supports automatic “jack-sensing”
- Rear panel audio jacks configuration:
Phone Jack Color
2 ch an n el
6 ch an n el
Light Blue
Line-in
Rear stereo-out
Line-in
Lime
Line-out
Front stereo-out
Front stereo-out
Pink
Mic-in
Center&Subwoofer
Gray
Mic-in
Side stereo-out
Black
Rear stereo-out
Orange
Center&Subwoofer
Peripheral Interfaces
) At Rear Panel
Š PS/2 keyboard and mouse ports
Š One Parallel (printer) port
Š One S/PDIF-Out Coaxial jack
Page 2-2
8 ch an n el
Specification
Š One S/PDIF-Out Optical (Optional)
Š One Serial port
Š One RJ45 LAN connector (Dual LAN optional for high-end level only)
Š Four USB2.0 ports
Š Six Audio jacks
) Onboard connector and pin-header
Š One floppy drive connector
Š Two ATA-133 IDE connectors
Š Four extra USB2.0 ports
Š One CD-IN and One AUX-IN connector
Š One Front Panel Audio connector
Š One S/PDIF in/out connector
Š One IR connector
Š One Game port connector
Š One COM2 connector
Š Six S-ATA connectors ( 4 optional from Silicon Image SiI3114 chip)
Š Three Fan connectors
Front Panel Controller
Š Supports Reset & Soft-Off switches
Š Supports HDD & Power LEDs
Š Supports PC speaker
Expansion Slots
Š One AGP slot supporting 1.5v 4X/8X AGP card
- AGP v3.0 compliant
Š Five PCI slots with Bus Master support
- PCI v2.2 compliant
Page 2-3
Specification
Other Features
Š Magic Health – a H/W monitoring software utility, for voltages, temperatures and fan-speeds sensing
Š EZ Boot – An easy way let end-user can choose to boot from hard drive,
CD-ROM, floppy, …
Š KBPO – Keyboard power on, turn on the computer from keyboard
Š Supports “Cool’n’ Quiet” power saving technology
Š Excellent Overclocking capabilities through
- subtle voltage tuning for CPU, Memory, AGP
- subtle frequency tuning on FSB with 1MHz
- Supports complete Asynchronous FSB/Memory and Asynchronous FSB/
AGP, PCI scheme for overclocking
Š P80P for system debugging
Form Factor
Š 305mm x 245 mm ATX size
Page 2-4
Installation
Section 3
INSTALLATION
Note: Depending on the model you purchased, some components
are optional and may not be available.
Page 3-1
Installation
Mainboard Layout
Note: Depending on the model you purchased, some components
are optional and may not be available.
Page 3-2
Installation
Easy Installation Procedure
The following must be completed before powering on your new system:
3-1.
3-2.
3-3.
3-4.
3-5.
CPU Installation
Jumper Settings
System Memory Configuration
Expansion Slots
Device Connectors
3-1 CPU Installation
<Figure 1>
<Figure 2>
Step 1
Step 2
Place the back plate into the two holes
around the CPU area behind the mainboard.
Place the retention mechanism on the
mainboard as shown.
<Figure 3>
Step 3
Screw in the two pan head screws.
<Figure 4>
Step 4
Open the socket by raising the actuation
lever.
Page 3-3
Installation
<Figure 6>
<Figure 5>
Step 5
Step 6
Align pin 1 on the CPU with pin 1 on
the CPU socket as shown in the
illustration above. The CPU is keyed to
prevent incorrect insertion. Do not force
the processor into the socket. If it does
not go in easily, check for mis-orientation and reinsert the CPU.
Make sure the processor is fully
inserted into the socket.
Close the socket by lowering and
locking the actuation lever.
<Figure 7>
<Figure 8>
Step 7
Step 8
Apply thermal compound to the top of
the CPU and install the heatsink as
shown.
Press the clips in the direction of the
arrows shown in Figure 8 to secure the
assembly to the CPU socket.
Page 3-4
Installation
<Figure 9>
Step 9
Plug the CPU fan power into the mainboard’s
CPU fan connector.
The installation is complete.
Note: Thermal compound and qualified heatsink recommended by AMD are
a must to avoid CPU overheat damage.
Page 3-5
Installation
3-2 Jumper Settings
JCMOS: Clear CMOS data Jumper
If the CMOS data becomes corrupted or
you forgot the supervisor or user
password, clear the CMOS data to
reconfigure the system back to the
default values stored in the ROM BIOS.
1
Settings:
1-2: Normal (Default)
2-3: Clear CMOS
To CMOS Clear data, please follow the steps below.
1. Turn off the system.
2. Change the jumper from “1-2” to “2-3” position for
a few seconds.
3. Replace the jumper on to the “1-2” position.
4. Turn on the system and hold down the <Del> key
to enter BIOS setup.
Page 3-6
Installation
3-3 System Memory Configuration
Memory Layout
The mainboard accommodates three PC2100/PC2700/PC3200 184-pin DIMMs (Dual
In-line Memory Modules):
•
Supports up to 3.0GB of 266/333/400MHz DDR SDRAM.
•
Supports unbuffered DIMM configurations defined in JEDEC DDR DIMM
specification.
<Figure 10>
DDR DIMM 1
DDR DIMM 2
DDR DIMM 3
Follow the recommendation below for maximum memory performance :
Slot No
DDR400
3 DIMMs
2 DIMMs
DIMM#1
SS
SS
DIMM#2
SS
DS
DIMM#3
SS
SS
DS
1 DIMM
DS
DS/SS
SS
DS
DS/SS
SS
DS/SS
* DS - Double-sided DIMM type
* SS - Single-sided DIMM type
For 1 DIMM:
- Mount on any slot to obtain DDR400 speed.
For 2 DIMM:
- Mount DS DIMM on Slot 1 and the remaining DIMM on Slot 2 or 3
with SS DIMM.
- Mount SS DIMM on Slot 1 and the remaining DIMM on Slot 2 or 3
with DS DIMM.
For 3 DIMM:
- Use SS DIMM on all 3 three slots for DDR400 speed.
NOTES:
• Using non-compliant memory with higher bus speeds (overclocking)
may severely compromise the integrity of the system.
Page 3-7
Installation
DIMM Module Installation
Figure 11 displays the notch on the DDR DIMM memory module.
DIMMs have 184 pins and one notch that matches with the DDR DIMM socket.
DIMM modules are installed by placing the chip firmly into the socket and
pressing straight down as shown in figure 12 until the white clips close and the
module fits tightly into the DIMM socket (figure 13).
CENTER KEY ZONE
(2.5 V DRAM)
Figure 11 - DIMM notch
Figure 12 - DIMM module clips before installation
Figure 13 - DIMM module clip after installation
To remove the DIMM module press down the white clips and the module is ejected
from the socket.
Page 3-8
Installation
3-4 Expansion Slots
AGP Slot
The mainboard is equipped with an AGP
slot. Make sure you install a card that
supports the 1.5V specification.
AGP Slot
PCI Slots
The mainboard is equipped with 5 PCI
slots.
PCI Slots
Installing an Expansion Card
The steps below assume that the mainboard is already installed in the system chassis.
1.
Make sure the PC and all other peripheral devices connected to its has been
powered down.
2.
Disconnect all power cords and cables.
3.
Remove the system unit cover.
4.
Remove the bracket of the slot that you intend to use. (You need to remove the
screw in order to remove the bracket.)
5.
Align the card above the slot then press it down firmly until it is completely
seated in the slot.
6.
Secure the card to the chassis with the screw you removed in step 4.
7.
Replace the system unit cover.
8.
Power on the PC.
9.
Enter the BIOS step program to make the necessary settings.
10. Save the settings and restart the PC.
11. Install the software drivers of the expansion cards, if necessary.
Page 3-9
Installation
AGP Card Installation Caution
1. AGP card component is blocked
by DIMM socket lock.
2. AGP slot clicker is not locked.
3. AGP card edge connector is not
inserted properly.
1. AGP card component is not
blocked by DIMM socket lock.
2. AGP slot clicker is locked.
3. AGP card edge connector is
inserted properly.
1. AGP slot clicker is not locked.
2. AGP card edge connector is not
inserted properly.
1. AGP slot clicker is locked.
2. AGP card edge connector is
inserted properly.
Page 3-10
Installation
3-5 Device Connectors
The I/O back panel for this mainboard is shown below. When installing the
mainboard into the computer case, use the bundled I/O shield to protect this back
panel.
RJ45 LAN
(Optional)
Parallel Port
PS/2
Mouse
PS/2
Keyboard
7.1 Audio Channel
S/PDIF-out S/PDIF-out
Coaxial Jack Optical
(Optional))
COM1
USB2.0 x 4 ports
Figure 14 - I/O Ports
JPWR_FAN
JCPU_FAN / JPWR_FAN / JSYS_FAN:
CPU/Power/Chassis Fan Power Connectors
JCPU_FAN
JCPU_FAN: The CPU must be kept cool by using a
heatsink with fan assembly.
JPWR_FAN: If you are installing an additional fan
in the unit, connect to this fan
connector.
JSYS_FAN
JSYS_FAN: The chassis fan will provide adequate
airflow throughout the chassis to
prevent overheating the CPU.
JCPU_FAN
Ground
+12V
Sence
JPWR_FAN
JSYS_FAN
Sence Ground
+12V
Sence Ground
+12V
This mainboard is equipped with intelligent fan
speed control. Refer to the PC Health Status
submenu of the BIOS.
Page 3-11
Installation
FDD:
Floppy Controller Connector
This mainboard connects floppy disk drive.
IDE1/IDE2:Ultra DMA-100/133 Primary/Secondary
IDE Connector
IDE2
IDE1
FDD
34
33
40
This mainboard is equipped with 2 IDE connectors
to support up to 4 ATA-100 IDE drives.
It supports PIO and DMA mode operations for
maximum data transfer rate of 100MB/sec per channel.
When using two IDE drives, one must be set to
39
Master mode and the other to Slave mode. Refer to
your disk drive user’s manual for information about
selecting the proper drive switch settings.
1
2
FDD
2
1
IDE1/IDE2
PW1:
PW1
PW12
20-pin ATX Power Connector
PW12: 4-pin ATX12V Power Connector
The mainboard is equipped with a standard 20-pin
ATX main power connector and a 4-pin +12V
power connector for connecting an ATX12V
power supply. The plugs of the power cables are
designed to fit in only one orientation. Insert the
plugs into the connectors until they fit in place.
10 20
+12V
+5V
5VSB
3
+12V
-5V
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
+5V
PS-ON
Ground
3.3V
Ground
-12V
+12V
Ground
+5V
PW-OK
Ground
+5V
4
1 2
PW12
3.3V
3.3V
1 11
PW1
Page 3-12
Caution:
The PW1 and PW12 Power Connector must be used simultaneously
or else this system will not boot-up.
The board requires a minimum of 250 Watt power
supply to operate. Your system configuration (amount
of memory, add-in cards, peripherals, etc.) may
exceed this minimum power requirement. To ensure
that adequate power, use a 300 Watt or greater power
supply.
Installation
CFPA: Front Panel Audio Connector
When the jumpers are removed this connector can
be used for front panel audio. The front panel
phone jack should have “normal close” switch.
Without phone plug inserted, the rear panel audio is
enabled. With phone plug inserted, the rear panel
audio will be disabled.
MIC_In
1
2
GND
+5V
NC
Front Line-out-R
Rear Line-out-FR
Key
Rear Line-out-FL
Front Line-out-L
9
10
Settings
Pins (5-6) & (9-10) Short (default): Only the onboard rear
panel audio jack can be used.
Pins (5-6) & (9-10) Open: Only front panel audio jack can
be used.
In 2-Channel audio mode, Mic-In is shared for both front panel and rear panel.
In 6-Channel audio mode, the Mic-In is dedicated for front panel use, and rear
panel Mic-In function will switch to Center and Subwoofer support.
CD-IN/AUX-IN: CD Audio_IN Connector
The CD-IN and AUX-IN connectors are used to
receive audio form a CD-ROM drive, TV tuner or
MPEG card.
CD-IN
CD-IN
AUX-IN
AUX-IN
CD_IN_Right
AUX_IN_Right
CD_Reference
1
CD_IN_Left
GND
1
AUX_IN_Left
Page 3-13
Installation
SPDIF: Sony/Philips Digital InterFace connector
This connector links digital audio between the
mainboard and your audio devices, such as CD
player, sampler or DAT recorder. It allows the
digital transmission of audio data in S/PDIF format.
SPDIF_IN VCC
5
1
6
2
NC
GND SPDIF_OUT
GAME1: Game/MIDI connector
This port works well with any application that is
compatible with the standard PC joystick.
1
2
12
COM2: Serial Port Connector
The serial port can be used with modems, serial
printers, remote display terminals, and other serial
device.
RTS RI
DSR CTS NC
2
1
10
9
DCD TXD Ground
RXD DTR
Page 3-14
Installation
SATA1 / SATA2: Serial ATA Connectors
SATA3 / SATA4 / SATA5 / SATA6 (Optional):
Serial ATA Connectors support by Silicon Image
SiI3114 chip.
These connectors enable you to connect Serial
ATA devices that conform to the Serial ATA
specification.
SATA2
SATA1
1
SATA6
SATA3 SATA4
SATA5
GND B+ BA- A+ GND
GND
CUSB3/CUSB4: Four USB 2.0 ports
USB2.0 allows data transfer speed up to 480Mbps.
This mainboard includes 2 additional USB2.0 ports,
identified by two 10-pin connector.
If you wish to use the additional USB ports, install
the card-edge bracket to the system chassis then
insert its cables to this 10-pin connector.
CUSB3
CUSB4
VCC
1
2
VCC
Data0-
Data1-
Data0+
Data1+
GND
GND
Key
NC
9
10
CAUTION !
Please make sure the USB cable has the same
pin assignment. A different pin assignment
may cause damage to the system.
If you need the USB cable, please contact our
retailer.
Page 3-15
Installation
LED: 80 Port Debug LED
Provides two-digit POST code to show why the
system fail to boot. Allows quick and easy
optimization.
80 Port Debug 7-segment LED display
(Refer to Appendix E for POST codes)
Page 3-16
Installation
CFP: Front Panel Connector
Š HD_LED
This LED will light up whenever the hard drive
is being accessed.
Š PWR_LED
This connects to the power button of the
system chassis
CFP
Š RST
This switch allows you to reboot without
having to power off the system thus prolonging
the life of the power supply or system.
Š PW_ON
This is connected to the power button on the
case. To use the Soft-Off by PWR-BTTN
feature, refer to the Power Management Setup
in the BIOS setup section of this manual.
CIR
CIR: IR connector
Connect your IrDA cable to this IR connector.
CSPK: Speaker
Connect to the system’s speaker for beeping
CSPK
Page 3-17
Installation
3-6 Power-On/Off (Remote)
This board has a 20-pin ATX and a 4-pin ATX12V power supply connector to support
power supplies with Remote On/Off feature. The chassis power button should be
connected to the mainboard front panel PW_ON header (Figure 15).
You can turn off the system in two ways: by pressing the front panel power On/Off
button or using the "Soft Off" function that can be controlled by an operating
system such as Windows®XP/ME/2000/98.
Note:
For maintaining the DDR SDRAM power during STR (ACPI S3) function, it is strongly
recommended to use power supplies that have a +5VSB current of (>=) 2A. Please check the
5VSB’s specification printed on the power supply’s outer case.
Note:
The board requires a minimum of 250 Watt power supply to operate. Your system configuration (amount of memory, add-in cards, peripherals, etc.) may exceed this minimum power
requirement. To ensure that adequate power, use a 300 Watt (or higher) power supply.
12V 4-pin
20-pin
PW-ON
Case (chassis) Power ON/OFF button (PW-ON)
Figure 15: Simple ATX power ON/OFF controller
3-7 External Modem Ring-in Power ON and
Keyboard Power ON Functions (KBPO)
Modem-Ring Power ON Function
The I/O chipset provides the two serial ports with the External Modem Ring-in Power ON
function. Once you connect an external modem to COM1 or COM2, the mainboard
enables you to turn on the system through remote and host dial-up control.
Keyboard Power ON Function
The mainboard features a keyboard power on function that enables you to turn on
the power supply using a keypress. Refer to the Power Management Setup in the
BIOS setup section for details. To enable this feature, the BIOS default setting is
Keyboard Hot Key (<Ctrl> + <F1>). To power off the system, use the Soft-OFF
function under Windows XP/ME/2000/98. (refer to Windows online help).
Page 3-18
Installation
3-8 ACPI S3 (Suspend To RAM) Function
This mainboard supports the STR (Suspend To RAM) power management
scheme by maintaining the appropriate power states in the DDR SDRAM
interface signals. The power source to the DDR SDRAM is kept active during
STR (ACPI S3). Advanced Configuration Power Interface (ACPI) provides many
Energy Saving Features for operating systems that support Instant ON and
QuickStartTM function.
1. To enable STR functionality to save system power :
a. Install ACPI certified add-on cards (such as AGP, LAN, and modem cards).
b. In BIOS, under Power Management Setup (refer to Section 4), select “ACPI
Suspend Type: S3(STR)”. If you have a USB mouse or keyboard, set “USB
Resume from S3” to “Enabled”.
c. Install Windows® XP/2000/ME/98SE.
d. Restart the system.
e. When in Windows, open the Control Panel Power Management application,
and click the Advanced tab. In the Power buttons section, select “Stand By”
from the drop-down lists.
2. To activate the STR function:
a. Click the START button and choose Shut Down.
b. In the Shut Down Windows dialog box, select the Stand By option to enter
STR mode.
The following are the differences between STR power saving mode and Suspend
(Power On Suspend) mode:
a. STR is the most advanced Power Management mode.
b. STR cuts all the power supplied to peripherals except to memory - max. power
saving.
c. STR saves and keeps all on-screen data including any executed applications
to DDR SDRAM.
d. In STR mode, you must push the power button (connected to the onboard PWOn of CFP pin), click your USB mouse buttons, or press your USB keyboard
keys to wake up your system to the last display.
Page 3-19
Installation
3-9 CPU Overheating Protection
This mainboard is equipped with CPU Overheating Protection. It will automatically remove power to shutdown the system when CPU temperature reaches
approximately 110°C. This is to prevent long term damage to the CPU from
overheating. This protection is designed through hardware and no BIOS setup
is required.
To power on your system again,
Step 1:
Unplug the ATX power cord (or turn off the ATX power supply
switch)
Step 2:
Wait a few minutes for the CPU to cool.
Step 3:
Check that the CPU heatsink and cooling fan assembly is properly
installed. Be careful when touching the heatsink as it may be hot.
Step 4:
Plug back the ATX power cord (or turn on the ATX power supply
switch) and power -on the system.
If the beeping sound persists, repeat Step 1 to remove the power source.
Note: The CPU Overheating Protection will function only if the CPU is
designed with an internal thermal diode. AMD Athlon XP or
later CPUs is equipped with internal thermal diode.
Page 3-20
BIOS
Section 4
BIOS SETUP
Main Menu
The ROM BIOS contains a built-in Setup program which allows user to modify the
basic system configuration and hardware parameters. The modified data is stored in
a battery-backed CMOS, so that data will be retained even when the power is turned
off. In general, the information saved in the CMOS RAM will stay unchanged unless
there is a configuration change in the system, such as hard drive replacement or a
device is added.
It is possible for the CMOS battery to fail causing CMOS data loss. If this happens
you will need install a new CMOS battery and reconfigure your BIOS settings.
The BIOS setup screen and description are for reference only, and may
not exactly match what you see on your screen. The contents of BIOS are
subject to change without notice. Please visit our website for updates.
To enter the Setup Program :
Power on the computer and press the <Del> key during the POST (Power On Self
Test). The BIOS CMOS SETUP UTILITY opens.
Figure 1: CMOS Setup Utility
Page 4-1
BIOS
The main menu displays all the major selection items. Select the item you need to
reconfigure. The selection is made by moving the cursor (press any direction (arrow
key ) to the item and pressing the ‘Enter’ key. An on-line help message is displayed
at the bottom of the screen as the cursor is moved to various items which provides a
better understanding of each function. When a selection is made, the menu of the
selected item will appear so that the user can modify associated configuration
parameters.
4-1 Standard CMOS Setup
Choose “STANDARD CMOS FEATURES” in the CMOS SETUP UTILITY Menu
(Figure 2). Standard CMOS Features Setup allows the user to configure system
settings such as the current date and time, type of hard disk drive installed, floppy
drive type, and display type. Memory size is auto-detected by the BIOS and
displayed for your reference. When a field is highlighted (use direction keys to move
the cursor and the <Enter> key to select), the entries in the field can be changed by
pressing the <PgDn> or the <PgUp> key.
Figure 2: Standard CMOS Setup
Notes:
Page 4-2
• If the hard disk Primary Master/Slave and Secondary Master/Slave are set to Auto,
the hard disk size and model will be auto-detected.
• The “Halt On:” field is used to determine when the BIOS will halt the system if an
error occurs.
BIOS
4-2 Advanced BIOS Features
Selecting the “ADVANCED BIOS FEATURES” option in the CMOS SETUP UTILITY
menu allows users to change system related parameters in the displayed menu. This
menu shows all of the manufacturer’s default values for the board.
Pressing the [F1] key displays a help message for the selected item.
Figure 3: BIOS Features Setup
Hard Disk Boot Priority
This item allows you to select the hard disk boot priority.
Virus Warning
During and after system boot up, any attempt to write to the boot sector or partition
table of the hard disk drive halts the system and an error message appears.
You should then run an anti-virus program to locate the virus. Keep in mind that this
feature protects only the boot sector, not the entire hard drive.
Page 4-3
BIOS
Enabled: Activates automatically when the system boots up causing a warning
message to appear when anything attempts to access the boot sector.
Disabled: No warning message appears when anything attempts to access the boot
sector.
Note: Many disk diagnostic programs that access the boot sector table can
trigger the virus warning message. If you plan to run such a program, we
recommend that you first disable the virus warning.
CPU Internal Cache
This controls the status of the processor’s internal cache area. The default is
Enabled.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
External Cache
This controls the status of the external (L2) cache area. The default is Enabled.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
First /Second/Third/Other Boot Device
The BIOS attempts to load the operating system from the devices in the sequence
selected in these items.
Options: Floppy, LS120, Hard Disk, CDROM, ZIP100, USB-FDD, USB-CDROM,
Legacy LAN, Disabled.
Boot Other Device
When enabled, the system searches all other possible locations for an operating
system if it fails to find one in the devices specified under the first, second, and third
boot devices. The default is Enabled.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Boot Up Floppy Seek
If this item is enabled, it checks the size of the floppy disk drives at start-up time.
You don’t need to enable this item unless you have a legacy diskette drive with
360K capacity.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Boot Up NumLock Status
This controls the state of the NumLock key when the system boots. The default is On.
On: The keypad acts as a 10-key pad.
Off: The keypad acts like cursor keys.
Page 4-4
BIOS
Security Option
This category allows you to limit access to the System and Setup, or just to Setup.
System: The system will not boot and the access to Setup will be denied if the
correct password is not entered at the prompt.
Setup:
The system will boot; but the access to Setup will be denied if the
incorrect password is not entered at the prompt.
APIC Mode
This item allows you to enable APIC (Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller)
functionality. APIC is a chip that provides symmetric multiprocessing (SMP) for its
Pentium systems.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
MPS Version Control For OS
Specifies the Multiprocessor Specification (MPS). Version 1.4 supports multiple PCI
bus configurations by incorporating extended bus definitions. Enable this for
Windows NT or Linux. For older operating systems, select Version 1.1.
Options: 1.1, 1.4.
Video BIOS Shadow
This option allows video BIOS to be copied into RAM. Video Shadowing will
increase the video performance of your system.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Page 4-5
BIOS
4-3 Advanced Chipset Features
Choose the “ADVANCED CHIPSET FEATURES” option in the CMOS SETUP
UTILITY menu to display following menu.
Figure 4: Chipset Features Setup
VLink Data Rate
This item allows you to select VLink Data Rate.
Options: 4X, 8X.
Init Display First
If two video cards are used (1 AGP and 1 PCI) this specifies which one will be the
primary display adapter. The default is PCI Slot.
Options: PCI Slot, AGP.
System BIOS Cacheable
This item allows the system to be cached in memory for faster execution. The default
is Enabled.
Options: Disabled, Enabled.
Page 4-6
BIOS
DRAM Configuration
Scroll to DRAM Configuration and press <Enter>. The following screen appears:
Current FSB Frequency
Display the current CPU front side bus frequency information.
Current DRAM Frequency
Display the current DRAM frequency information.
DDR Clock Selecting by
This option sets DRAM clock. Select “Auto” to follow SPD (Serial Presence
Detect) information on DRAM module or set to “Manual” to set by next item
selection.
Options: Manual, Auto.
Max Memclock (Mhz)
This item sets the memory clock. By placing an artificial memory clock limit on the
system, memory is prevented from running faster than this frequency. Example,
“200” will set to DDR400 speed.
Options: 100, 133, 166, 200.
DDR Timing Selecting by
This option sets DRAM access timing parameters. Select “Auto” to follow SPD
(Serial Presence Detect) information on DRAM module or set to “Manual” to set by
next item selection.
Options: Manual, Auto.
Page 4-7
BIOS
CAS# Latency
Enables you to select the CAS latency time. The value is set at the factory depending
on the DRAM installed. Do not change the values in this field unless you change
specifications of the installed DRAM.
Options: Auto, CL=2.0, CL=2.5, CL=3.
Row cycle time (tRC)
This filed specifies the Row Cycle Time. RAS# active to RAS# active or auto refresh of
the same bank.
Options: Auto, 7 Bus Clocks ~ 22 Bus Clocks in 1 Bus clock increments.
Row refresh cyc time (tRFC)
This filed specifies the Row Refresh Cycle Time. Auto-refresh active to RAS# or RAS#
to auto refresh.
Options: Auto, 9 Bus Clocks ~ 24 Bus Clocks in 1 Bus clock increments.
RAS# to CAS# delay (tRCD)
This filed specifies the RAS# to CAS# delay to read/write command to the same bank.
Options: Auto, 2 Bus Clocks ~ 7 Bus Clocks in 1 Bus clock increments.
Row to Row delay (tRRD)
This filed specifies the Row to Row delay of different banks.
Options: Auto, 2 Bus Clocks ~ 7 Bus Clocks in 1 Bus clock increments.
Min RAS# active time (tRAS)
This filed specifies the minimum RAS# active time.
Options: Auto, 5 Bus Clocks ~ 15 Bus Clocks in 1 Bus clock increments.
Row precharge Time (tRP)
This filed specifies the Row Precharge Time. Precharge to active or Auto-refresh of the
same bank.
Options: Auto, 2 Bus Clocks ~ 6 Bus Clocks in 1 Bus clock increments.
Write recovery time (tWR)
This bits specifies the Write Recovery Time. Called Trd1 by Samsung, measures when
the last write datum is safely registered by the DRAM. It measures from the last data
to precharge.
Options: Auto, 2 Bus Clocks, 3 Bus Clocks.
Page 4-8
BIOS
Write to Read delay (tWTR)
This bits specifies the Write to Read delay. Samsung Calls this Tcd1r (last data in to
read command). It is measured from the rising edge following the last non-masked data
strobe to the rising edge of the next Read Command. (Jedec spec this as exactly one
clock).
Options: Auto, 1 Bus Clock.
Read to Write delay (tRWT)
This filed specifies the Read to write delay. This is not a DRAM specified timing
parameter but must be considered due to routing latencies on the clock forwarded bus.
It is counted from first address but slot which was not associated with part of the read
burst.
Options: Auto, 1 Bus Clock ~ 6 Bus Clocks in 1 Bus clock increments.
Refresh period (tREF)
This filed specifies the number of clock cycles between refresh.
Options: Auto, 1 x 1552 cycles ~ 4 x 4672 cycles.
AGP & P2P Bridge Control
Scroll to AGP & P2P Bridge Control and press <Enter>. The following screen
appears:
AGP Aperture Size (MB)
This item defines the size of the aperture if you use an AGP graphics adapter. It
refers to a section of the PCI memory address range used for graphics memory.
Options: 32M, 64M, 128M, 256M.
AGP Mode
Chipset AGP Mode support.
Options: 1X, 2X, 4X, 8X.
Page 4-9
BIOS
AGP Driving Control
This item allows you to adjust the AGP driving force. Choose “Manual” to key in a
AGP Driving Value in the next selection. This field is recommended to set in “Auto”
to avoid any error to your system.
Options: Auto, Manual.
AGP Fast Write
Selecting Enabled allows to use Fast Write Protocol for 4X AGP card.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
AGP Master 1 WS Write
When Enabled, Writes to the AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port) are executed with one
wait states.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
AGP Master 1 WS Read
When Enabled, Reads to the AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port) are executed with one
wait states.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
LDT & PCI Bus Control
Scroll to LDT & PCI Bus Control and press <Enter>. The following screen appears:
Upstream LDT Bus Width
Options: 8 bit, 16 bit.
Downstream LDT Bus Width
Options: 8 bit, 16 bit.
LDT Bus Frequency
This item sets CPU Hyper Transport front size bus.
Options: Auto, 800MHz, 600MHz, 400MHz, 200MHz.
Page 4-10
BIOS
PCI1/2 Master 0 WS Write
When Enabled, Writes to the PCI bus are commanded with zero wait states.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
PCI1/2 Post Write
Enables CPU to PCI bus POST write.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
PCI Delay Transaction
The chipset has an embedded 32-bit posted write buffer to support delay transactions
cycles. Select Enabled to support compliance with PCI specification version 2.2.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
4-4 Integrated Peripherals
Figure 5: Integrated Peripherals
Page 4-11
BIOS
VIA OnChip IDE Device
Scroll to VIA Onchip IDE Device and press <Enter>. The following screen appears:
Onchip SATA
Enables the onboard SATA feature.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
SATA Mode
This allows you to set RAID mode for Serial ATA devices. Refer to section 5 for
more RAID information.
Options: RAID, IDE.
IDE DMA transfer access
Automatic data transfer between system memory and IDE device with minimum CPU
intervention. This improves data throughput and frees CPU to perform other tasks.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
OnChip IDE Channel0/1
The mainboard supports two channel of ordinary IDE interface. Select “Enabled” to
activate each channel separately.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Note: If you do not use the onboard IDE connector, set the Onboard Primary PCI
IDE and Onboard Secondary PCI IDE to “Disabled”.
IDE Prefetch Mode
Selecting “Enabled” reduces latency between each drive read/write cycle, but may
cause instability in IDE subsystems that cannot support such fast performance. If
Page 4-12
BIOS
you are getting disk drive errors, try setting this value to Disabled. This field does
not appear when the Internal PCI/IDE field, above, is Disabled.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Primary/Secondary Master/Slave PIO
The four IDE PIO (Programmed Input/Output) fields let you set a PIO mode (0-4) for
each of the four IDE devices that the onboard IDE interface supports. Modes 0 to 4
provide successively increased performance. In Auto mode, the system automatically
determines the best mode for each device.
Options: Auto, Mode 0 ~ 4.
Primary/Secondary Master/Slave UDMA
Select the mode of operation for the IDE drive. Ultra DMA-33/66/100/133 implementation is possible only if your IDE hard drive supports it and the operating environment includes a DMA driver. If your hard drive and your system software both
support Ultra DMA-33/66/100/133, select Auto to enable UDMA mode by BIOS.
Options: Auto, Disabled.
IDE HDD Block Mode
Block mode is also called block transfer, multiple commands, or multiple sector read/
write. If your IDE hard drive supports block mode (most new drives do), select
Enabled for automatic detection of the optimal number of block read/writes per
sector the drive can support.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
VIA Onchip PCI Device
Scroll to VIA Onchip PCI Device and press <Enter>. The following screen appears:
Page 4-13
BIOS
VIA AC97 Audio
This item allows you to disable the chipset on-chip AC97 Audio.
Options: Auto, Disabled.
Game Port Address
Select an address for the Game port.
Options: 201, 209, Disabled.
Midi Port Address
Select an address for the Midi port.
Options: 290, 300, 330, Disabled.
Midi Port IRQ
Select an interrupt for the Midi port.
Options: 5, 10
VIA Onchip LAN (Optional)
Enables the onboard LAN feature.
Options: Auto, Disabled.
VIA-6102 MAC Address Input (Optional)
Allwos you to input MAC address.
OnChip Lan Boot ROM (Optional)
Enable/disable the onboard LAN Boot ROM.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Onchip USB Controller
Enables the USB controller.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Onchip EHCI Controller
Enables the EHCI (USB2.0) controller.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
USB Keyboard Support
Enable/disable support for USB keyboard under DOS.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
USB Mouse Support
Enable/disable support for USB mouse under DOS.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Page 4-14
BIOS
Marvell Lan Boot ROM (Optional)
Enable/disable the onboard Marvell LAN Boot ROM.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Super IO Device
Scroll to Super IO Deivce and press <Enter>. The following screen appears:
Onboard FDC Controller
Select “Enabled” if you wish to use onboard floppy disk controller (FDC). If you
install an external FDC or the system has no floppy drive, select “Disabled “in this field.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Onboard Serial Port 1/2
Select an address and corresponding interrupt for the first and second serial ports.
Options: 3F8/IRQ4, 2E8/IRQ3, 3E8/IRQ4, 2F8/IRQ3, Disabled, Auto.
UART Mode Select
This field configures the 2nd serial port for IR application. Select the required IR
protocol or select “Normal” to disable IR mode.
Options: Normal, IrDA and ASKIR.
RxD, TxD Active
When the above UART Mode Select is in IR mode, this field configures the receive
and transmit signals generated from the IR port.
Options: Hi-Hi, Hi-Lo, Lo-Hi, and Lo-Lo.
IR Transmission delay
This item allows you to enabled/disable IR transmission delay.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Page 4-15
BIOS
UR2 Duplex Mode
This item allows you to select IR half/full duplex function.
Options: Half, Full.
Use IR Pins
This item allows you to select IR transmission routes, one is RxD2, TxD2 (COM Port)
and the other is IR-Rx2Tx2.
Options: IR-Rx2Tx2; RxD2, TxD2.
Onboard Parallel Port
This field allows the user to configure the LPT port.
Options: 378/IRQ7, 278/IRQ5, 3BC/IRQ7, Disabled.
Parallel Port Mode
This field allows the user to select the parallel port mode.
Options: SPP, EPP, ECP, ECP+EPP, Normal.
EPP Mode Select
This field allows the user to select the EPP mode for parallel port mode.
Options: EPP1.9, EPP1.7.
ECP Mode USE DMA
This field allows the user to select DMA1 or DMA3 for the ECP mode.
Options: DMA1, DMA3.
Page 4-16
BIOS
4-5 Power Management Setup
Choose the “Power Management setup” in the CMOS Setup Utility to display the
following screen. This menu allows the user to modify the power management
parameters and IRQ signals. In general, these parameters should not be changed
unless it’s absolutely necessary.
Figure 6: Power Management
ACPI Suspend Type
This item allows you to select S1(Power-On-Suspend) or S3(Suspend-To-RAM)
function.
Options: S1(POS), S3(STR), S1&S3.
Power Management Option
Use this to select your Power Management selection. The default is User define.
Max. saving: Maximum power savings. Inactivity period is 1 minute in each mode.
Min. saving: Minimum power savings. Inactivity period is 1 hour in each mode.
User define: Allows user to define PM Timers parameters to control power saving
mode.
HDD Power Down
Powers down the hard disk drive after a preset period of system inactivity.
Options: Disabled, 1min ~ 15min.
Page 4-17
BIOS
Suspend Mode
Automatically, shuts off all devices except the CPU after a preset period of system
inactivity.
Options: Disabled, 1 , 2, 4 ,6, 8, 10, 20, 30, 40 min and 1 hour .
Video Off Option
When enabled, this feature allows the VGA adapter to operate in a power saving mode.
Always On:
Monitor will remain on during power saving modes.
Suspend->Off: Monitor blanked when the systems enters the suspend mode.
Video Off Method
This option allows you to select how the video will be disabled by the power
management. The default is V/H Sync + Blank
V/H Sync + Blank: System turns off vertical and horizontal synchronization ports
and writes blanks to the video buffer.
DPMS Support: Select this option if your monitor supports the Display Power
Management Signaling (DPMS) standard of the Video Electronics
Standards Association (VESA). Use the software supplied by
your video subsystem to select video power management values.
Blank Screen:
System only writes blanks to the video buffer.
MODEM Use IRQ
Select the interrupt request (IRQ) line assigned to the modem (if any) on your
system. Activity of the selected IRQ always awakens the system. Default is IRQ 3.
Options: N/A, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11
Soft-Off by PWRBTN
Pressing the power button for more than 4 seconds forces the system to enter the
Soft-Off state when the system has “hung.” The default is Instant-off.
Options: Delay 4 Sec, Instant-Off.
Run VGABIOS if S3 Resume
This determines whether or not to enable the system to run the VGA BIOS when
resuming from S3(STR) or S1&S3.
Options: Auto, Yes, No.
AC Loss Auto Restart
This item enables your computer to automatically restart or return to its last operating status after power returns from a power failure.
Page 4-18
BIOS
Off:
Former-Sts:
The system stays off after a power failure.
The system returns to the state it was in just prior to the power
failure.
IRQ/Event Activity Detect
Scroll to IRQ/Event Activity Detect and press <Enter>. The following screen appears:
PS2KB Wakeup Select
This item allows you to select Hot Key or Password to wake-up the system by PS2
Keyboard. If Password is selected, press <Enter> key to change a password with
max 8 numbers.
Options: Hot key, Password.
PS2KB Wakeup form S3/S4/S5
This item allows you to set a Hot Key to wake-up the system by PS2 Keyboard.
Options: Disabled, Ctrl+F1, Ctrl+F2, Ctrl+F3, Ctrl+F4, Ctrl+F5, Ctrl+F6, Ctrl+F7, Ctrl+F8,
Ctrl+F9, Ctrl+F10, Ctrl+F11, Ctrl+F12, Power, Wake, Any key.
Note: Power and Wake are Windows98 Keyboard button.
PS2MS Wakeup form S3/S4/S5
This item allows you to wake-up the system by PS2 Mouse.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
USB Resume from S3
This item allows a USB device to wake-up the system from S3 suspend state.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
PowerOn by PCI Card
An input signal from PME on the PCI card awakens the system from soft-off state.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Page 4-19
BIOS
PowerOn by OnBoard LAN
This item allows you to power on the system by onboard LAN from soft-off state.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Modem Ring Resume
When set to “Enabled”, any event occurring to the Modem Ring will awaken the
system from suspend state.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
RTC Alarm Resume
When set to Enable rtc alarm resume, you can set the date (of month) and time (hh:
mm:ss), that will awaken a system which has been powered down.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
4-6 PNP/PCI Configuration
This page lets the user to modify the PCI IRQ signals when various PCI cards are
inserted.
WARNING: Conflicting IRQ’s may cause system unable to locate certain devices.
Figure 7: PNP/PCI Configuration Setup
PNP OS Installed
Select “Yes” if you have a PNP OS installed on your system. The default is No.
Options: Yes, No.
Page 4-20
BIOS
Resources Controlled By
Determines what controls system PNP/PCI resources. The default is Auto (ESCD).
Manual: PNP Card’s resources are controlled manually. The “IRQ Resources” field
becomes available and you can set which IRQ-X and DMA-X are
assigned to PCI and onboard devices.
Auto:
BIOS assigns the interrupt resource automatically.
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
This item is designed to overcome problems that may be caused by some nonstandard
VGA cards.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Assign IRQ For VGA
This item requests BIOS to assign an IRQ for the VGA. Selecting “Disabled” will
free the IRQ for use by other devices.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Assign IRQ For USB
This item requests BIOS to assign an IRQ for the USB port. If you have not connected
any USB device, selecting “Disabled” will free the IRQ for use by other devices.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Interrupt requests are shared as shown below:
INT A
INT B
INT C
V
PC I 2
V
PC I 3
PC I 4
V
V
PC I 5
AGP Slot
V
V
A C 97
Onboard USB1
V
Onboard USB2
V
Onboard USB3
V
Onboard USB4
V
USB2.0
V
Onboard S-ATA (Optional)
V
Onboard LAN (Optional)
INT D
V
PC I 1
V
IMPORTANT!
When using PCI cards on shared IRQ slots, make sure its drivers support “Shared
IRQ”, or that the cards do not need IRQ assignments. IRQ conflicts between the two
PCI groups will make the system unstable or cards inoperable.
Page 4-21
BIOS
4-7 PC Health Status
Figure 8: PC Health Status
Show PC Health in POST
When this function is enabled the PC Health information is displayed during the
POST (Power On Self Test).
Options: Disabled, Enabled.
Shutdown Temperature
This is the temperature that the computer will turn off the power to combat the
effects of an overheating system. (requires ACPI to be enabled in Power Management BIOS and ACPI compliant operating system.) The default is Disabled.
Options available are 60oC/140oF to 70oC/158oF in increments of 5oC.
Current System/CPU Temperature
Displays the current system/CPU temperature.
Current CHASSIS/CPU/PWR FAN Speed
Displays the current speed of the CPU, Power and chassis fan speed in RPMs.
Vcore
The voltage level of the CPU(Vcore).
Page 4-22
BIOS
VDIMM
The voltage level of the DRAM.
VAGP
The voltage level of power supplied to AGP card.
VBAT(V)
The voltage level of the battery.
VCC, Vio, 5VSB(V)
The voltage level of the switching power supply.
Smart Fan for CPU Temperature
This item allows you set CPU fan temperature to smartly adjust the fan speeds for
more efficient system operation.
Options: Disabled, 35oC/95oF, 40oC/104oF, 45oC/113oF, 50oC/113oF, 55oC/113oF.
Page 4-23
BIOS
4-8 Power BIOS Features
This page lets you adjust various parameters to obtain improved performance for
overclocking.
Warning:
Overclocking requires expert knowledge and risks permanent damage to
system components. We recommend you leave these parameters at their
default values for proper operation.
Figure 9: Frequency/Voltage Control
AMD K8 Cool’n’Quiet control
Reduce the noise and heat from you PC when AMD’s Cool’n’QuietTM technology is
enabled.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
CPU Ratio Control
This item allows you to enable the CPU clock ratio control. Choose “Enabled” to
key in a CPU clock Ratio in the next selection.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
CPU Clock Ratio
Use this item to select a multiplier for the system Hyper Transport frequency.
Page 4-24
BIOS
The value of the multiplier must be set so that:
Multiplier x Front side Bus Frequency = CPU Clock Speed
For example, if you have a processor that is rated to run at 2.4GHz and the system is
running a Hyper Transport frequency of 200 MHz, you should select a multiplier of
12 so that:
12 (Multiplier) x 200 MHz (front side bus) = 2.4 GHz (CPU clock)
Key in the DEC (decimal) number for the CPU Clock Ratio.
Auto Detect PCI Clk
When enabled the mainboard automatically disables the clock source for a PCI slot
which does not have a module in it, reducing EMI (ElectroMagnetic Interference).
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Spread Spectrum
If you enable spread spectrum, it can significantly reduce the EMI (ElectroMagnetic
Interference) generated by the system.
Options: Disabled, Enabeld.
CPU Clock
Enables you to set the CPU front side bus speed at increments of 1MHz step. Press
<Enter> to display the following screen:
Key in the DEC (decimalism) number for the CPU clock.
Page 4-25
BIOS
Note: Overclocking failure will cause no display on monitor. At this instant,
press <Insert> key to revert back to the initial or default setting to boot
up your system.
In the following items, “Default Voltage” indicates the original factory value,
and “New Voltage” indicates the value that you assign.
CPU Vcore Voltage
This item allows you to set the CPU Vcore voltage.
Options: Default, 1.350V to 1.550V in 0.025V increment and 1.550V to 1.700V in 0.050V
increment. We recommend that you leave this at the default value.
DIMM Voltage
This item allows you to adjust the DIMM slot voltage.
Options: +0.00V to +0.30V in 0.10V increments. We recommend that you leave this at
the default value.
AGP Voltage
This item allows you to adjust the AGP slot voltage.
Options: +0.00V to +0.30V in 0.10V increments. We recommend that you leave this at
the default value.
4-9 Defaults Menu
Selecting “Defaults” from the main menu shows you two options which are described below
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
When you press <Enter> on this item you get a confirmation dialog box:
Load Fail-Safe Defaults (Y/N) ? N
Pressing ‘Y’ loads the BIOS default values for the most stable, minimal-performance
system operations.
Load Optimized Defaults
When you press <Enter> on this item you get a confirmation dialog box:
Load Optimized Defaults (Y/N) ? N
Pressing ‘Y’ loads the default values that are factory settings for optimal performance system operations.
Page 4-26
BIOS
4-10 Supervisor/User Password Setting
This function lets you set either Supervisor or User Password, or both, to prevent
unauthorized changes to BIOS menus.
supervisor password: full rights to enter and change options of the setup menus.
user password:
only enter but no rights to change options of the setup
menus.
When you select this function, the following message will appear at the center of
the screen to assist you in creating a password.
ENTER PASSWORD:
Type the password, up to eight characters in length, and press <Enter>. The password typed now will clear any previously entered password from CMOS memory. You
will be asked to confirm the password. Type the password again and press <Enter>.
You may also press <Esc> to abort the selection and not enter a password.
To disable a password, just press <Enter> when you are prompted to enter the
password. A message will confirm the password will be disabled. Once the password
is disabled, the system will boot and you can enter Setup freely.
PASSWORD DISABLED.
When a password has been enabled, you will be prompted to key in each time you
enter Setup. This prevents an unauthorized person from changing any part of your
system configuration.
Additionally, when a password is enabled, you can also require the BIOS to request a
password every time your system is rebooted. This would prevent unauthorized use
of your computer.
You can determine when the password is required within the Advanced BIOS
Features Menu and its Security option. If the Security option is set to “System”,
the password will be required both at boot and at entry to Setup. If set to “Setup”,
prompting only occurs when trying to enter Setup.
Page 4-27
BIOS
4-11 Exiting BIOS
Save & Exit Setup
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:
Save to CMOS and EXIT (Y/N)? Y
Pressing “Y” stores the selections made in the menus in CMOS – a special section
of memory that stays on after you turn your system off. The next time you boot
your computer, the BIOS configures your system according to the Setup selections
stored in CMOS. After saving the values the system is restarted again.
Exit Without Saving
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:
Quit without saving (Y/N)? Y
This allows you to exit Setup without storing in CMOS any change. The previous
selections remain in effect. This exits the Setup utility and restarts your computer.
Page 4-28
S-ATA RAID Configuration
Section 5
S-ATA RAID CONFIGURATION
Introduction
This section gives a brief introduction on the RAID-related background knowledge
and a brief introduction on S-ATA RAID Host Controller.
RAID Basics
RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks) is a method of combining two hard
disk drives into one logical unit. The advantage of an Array is to provide better
performance or data fault tolerance. Fault tolerance is achieved through data
redundant operation, where if one drives fails, a mirrored copy of the data can be
found on another drive. This can prevent data loss if the operating system fails or
hangs. The individual disk drives in an array are called “members”. The configuration information of each member is recorded in the “reserved sector” that identifies
the drive as a member. All disk members in a formed disk array are recognized as a
single physical drive to the operating system.
Hard disk drives can be combined together through a few different methods. The
different methods are referred to as different RAID levels. Different RAID levels
represent different performance levels, security levels and implementation costs.
The table below briefly introduced these RAID levels.
RAID Le ve l
No. of Drive s
Capacity
Be ne fits
RAID 0 (Striping)
2
Number drivers *Smallest size
Highest performance without
data protection
RAID 1 (Mirroring)
2
Smallest size
Data protection
JBOD (Spanning)
2
Sum of All drivers
No data protection and
performance improving, but
disk capacity fully used.
Page 5-1
S-ATA RAID Configuration
RAID 0 (Striping)
RAID 0 reads and writes sectors of data interleaved between multiple drives. If any
disk member fails, it affects the entire array. The disk array data capacity is equal to
the number of drive members times the capacity of the smallest member. The
striping block size can be set from 4KB to 64KB. RAID 0 does not support fault
tolerance.
RAID 1 (Mirroring)
RAID 1 writes duplicate data onto a pair of drives and reads both sets of data in
parallel. If one of the mirrored drives suffers a mechanical failure or does not
respond, the remaining drive will continue to function. Due to redundancy, the
drive capacity of the array is the capacity of the smallest drive. Under a RAID 1
setup, an extra drive called the “spare drive” can be attached. Such a drive will be
activated to replace a failed drive that is part of a mirrored array. Due to the fault
tolerance, if any RAID 1 drive fails, data access will not be affected as long as there
are other working drives in the array.
JBOD (Spanning)
A spanning disk array is equal to the sum of the all drives when the drives used are
having different capacities. Spanning stores data onto a drive until it is full, then
proceeds to store files onto the next drive in the array. When any disk member
fails, the failure affects the entire array. JBOD is not really a RAID and does not
support fault tolerance.
Others
Other RAID derivatives are RAID 10 and RAID 5. These RAID levels require more
than 2 drives to operate, combining the benefits of RAID 0 and RAID 1.
Page 5-2
S-ATA RAID Configuration
This mainboard is equipped with the following SATA RAID controllers:
1. VIA SATA from VIA VT8237 south bridge (SATA1/ SATA2)
2. (Optional) Silicon Image SiI3114 controller (SATA3/ SATA4/SATA5/SATA6)
Each of these controllers have their own unique RAID setup BIOS and software.
Note: Before you proceed, identify which SATA controller your HDD drives
are connected to in order to ensure a successful installation.
VIA S-ATA RAID Features
The VIA S-ATA RAID solution uses the VT8237 chip as a RAID controller, which
is a 2-channel S-ATA and 1-channel ATA133 solution. Listed below are the main
features and benefits of VIA S-ATA RAID:
•
Support two S-ATA hard disk drives.
•
Supports hard disk drive larger than 137 GB (48-bits LBA).
•
Supports RAID 0, 1 and JBOD.
•
4 KB to 64 KB striping block size support.
•
Bootable disk or disk array support.
•
Windows-based RAID configure and management software tool. (Compatible
with BIOS)
•
Real-time monitoring of device status and error alarm with popup message box
and beeping.
•
Mirroring automatic background rebuilds support.
•
ATA SMART function support.
•
Microsoft Windows 98, Me, NT4.0, 2000, XP operating systems support.
•
Event log for easy troubleshooting.
•
On-line help for easy operation for RAID software.
Page 5-3
S-ATA RAID Configuration
Optional - Silicon Image Sil3114 S-ATA RAID Features
•
RAID 0, 1, 5, 10
•
Hot Spare and On-line Mirror Rebuilding
•
System GUI Monitoring Utility:
- Displays/Logs/Alerts Users to Vital RAID Set Information
- Manages RAID Set Functions (configures, rebuilds, etc.)
•
RAID Set Accommodates Multiple Size HDDs
•
HDDs function normally when not in RAID Sets
•
Adjustable Stripe Size for RAID 0
•
Automatically Selects Highest Available Transfer Speed for All ATA and ATAPI
Devices
•
Supports:
- UDMA up to 150MB/Sec.
- All UDMA and PIO Modes
- Up to 4 SATA devices
- ACPI and ATA/ATAPI6
Page 5-4
S-ATA RAID Configuration
Enable RAID Function
For any RAID controller, the general procedure to enable RAID function are shown
below:
Note: If you are not installing O/S into the RAID
disks, you may skip Step 2 & Step3.
Step 1: Create RAID Array
RAID arrays are created using the RAID controller’s BIOS utility.
VIA VT8237
Power-on the system and wait for the following screen to appear. Press the
”Tab” key to enter its BIOS configuration utility.
The main interface of the BIOS utility is as below:
Refer to Appendix C-1 for details about creating RAID array using this utility.
After the RAID array is created, press “ESC” to exit.
Page 5-5
S-ATA RAID Configuration
(Optional) Silicon Image Sil3114
Wait for the following message to appear during boot-up:
Press <CTRL-S> or F4 to enter RAID utility.
An easy-to-use screen will appear with the following choices in the top left:
Š Create RAID Set
Š Delete RAID Set
Š Rebuild RAID Set
Š Resolve Conflicts
Š Low Level Format
Š Logical Drive Info
Refer to Appendix C-2 for details about creating RAID array using this utility.
Step 2: Prepare driver floppy
When installing Windows XP/2000/NT4.0 into any RAID disk, the O/S setup will
require a floppy disk containing the RAID driver. This step will show you how to
prepare this driver floppy. There are 2 methods to prepare this floppy:
Method 1
1. Locate another computer and insert the bundled CD into its CD-ROM drive.
2. A main menu screen will appear (Autorun feature)
3. Select the page “RAID floppy”
4. Insert a blank floppy into the A:drive
5. Click on the required driver to begin copy into the floppy
Page 5-6
S-ATA RAID Configuration
Method 2
1. Locate another computer and insert the bundled CD into its CD-ROM drive.
2. Enter DOS mode and change directory to D:\DRIVER
3. Insert a blank floppy into the A:drive
4. Run the batch file “cbf_dos.bat” located in D:\DRIVER
5. Select the appropriate RAID controller to begin copy into the floppy
Step 3: Install O/S into RAID disk
Continue to install Windows XP/2000/NT4.0 as normal. When requested by
Windows Setup for RAID driver, insert the floppy created earlier in Step 2.
Step 4: Install Software utility for Windows
After the O/S has been installed, you may install the RAID driver and software. The
RAID software is a Windows-based utility with graphical user interface that
provides an easy operating tool to configure and manage RAID arrays.
1)Insert the bundled CD into the CD-ROM drive.
2)When the main menu appears, click on the SATA RAID driver corresponding
to the SATA controller you have configured in Step 1. See driver installation in
section 6 for more details.
Note: For information on using the software utility, refer to the user guide in
the bundled CD.
Page 5-7
S-ATA RAID Configuration
Page 5-8
Drivers Installation
Section 6
DRIVER INSTALLATION
Easy Driver Installation
Insert the bundled CD-disk, the main menu screen will appear. The main menu
displays buttons that link you to the supported drivers, utilities and software.
Step 1 :
Click “VIA SERVICE 4_IN_1 Driver” to install chipset driver.
Step 2 :
Click “AC’97 AUDIO Driver” to install audio driver.
Step 3 :
Click “VIA LAN Driver” to install VIA LAN driver (Optional).
Step 4 :
Click “VIA SATA RAID Driver” to install VIA SATA RAID driver.
Step 5 :
Click “MARVELL Gigabit LAN Driver” to install Marvell Gigabit LAN
driver (Optional).
Step 6 :
Click “USB 2.0 Driver” to install USB 2.0 driver.
Step 7 :
Click “SILICON IMAGE SATA RAID Driver” to install Serial ATA
driver. Make sure to follow the instructions to install “JAVA 2 RUNTIME
ENVIRONMENT installation” and “SILICON IMAGE SATA RAID GUI
installation” item for Raid Administrator.
Page 6-1
Drivers Installation
Realtek Sound Manager Quick User-guide
Š Introduction
To obtain the best performance from your audio system, run the "Sound
Manager" utility to adjust the settings to suit your needs. This section of the
manual is intended to provide a quick user-guide to setup "Sound Manager".
For more detailed information, refer to "Sound Manager manual" in the CD.
<Figure 1>
1. Right-click “Sound Effect” button on the task bar and select “Sound Manager”.
Sound
Effect :
<Figure 2>
2. Select "Sound Effect" page to set the desired audio environment from the
pull-down menu.
Page 6-2
Drivers Installation
Speaker
Configuration:
<Figure 3>
3. This page displays the mainboards's phone jack function when a corresponding
audio mode is selected.
Figure 3 above shows the phone jack setup for 8 channel mode.
HRTF Demo:
<Figure 4>
4. This page lets you test the HRTF 3D Positional Audio features.
Page 6-3
Drivers Installation
General:
<Figure 5>
5. This page displays information regarding the audio hardware and software.
To remove "Sound Manager" icon from Windows Task bar, uncheck "Show
icon in system tray".
SPDIF:
<Figure 6>
6. This page shows S/PDIF-In and S/PDIF-Out function on your system.
S/PDIF-In: a. Click "Auto Lock" to detect S/PDIF input and display its
information.
b.Check "Real-time S/PDIF-In monitor" to listen to the S/PDIF
In signal through Line-out connector.
S/PDIF-Out: Choose the type of audio source that will appear on the S/PDIFout connector.
Page 6-4
Drivers Installation
This board is equipped with Jack Sensing capability. If an audio device is plugged
into the wrong connector, a warning message will appear to remind users to check
the connection.
Connector
Sensing:
<Figure 7>
7. Push "Start" button to start the sensing. Please remember to terminate all
audio applications before starting the sensing.
Connector
Sensing:
<Figure 8>
8. EZ-Connection shows the result of the detection.
“Audio Connector” column reflects the settings used in the "Speaker
Configuration" page.
“Current Connection” column shows the type of device detected. If the
results do not match, an exclamation mark will appear on the right side.
Page 6-5
Drivers Installation
Connector
Sensing:
<Figure 9>
9. After closing EZ-Connector, this page will show the latest connector status
as above.
Page 6-6
Appendix
Appendix A
A-1 Realtek Media Player User’s Guide
Realtek Media Player Platform
H
4
A
5
D
6
06 - Reo Speedwagon
1
I
1
2
5 6
2
K
3
C
H
J
8
4
7
3
B
06-Reo Speedwagon - K 03:31
E
G
F
Functional Descriptions
A. Playback Windows Display
Playback windows displays the following mode information:
1. Playback Time Display
2. Voice Cancellation Mode Display
3. Pitch Mode Display
4. Surround Sound Mode Display
A-1
Appendix
B. Playback Function Controls
There are 8 selectable functions for the playback:
1. Volume control
High/Low Adjustment Bar.
2. Pitch control
4-step High/Low Adjustment Bar.
3. Repeat mode
Choice of Repeat, All Repeat, Random or No
Repeat Mode.
4. Mute
Mute On/Off Mode select.
5. Voice cancellation
Voice Cancellation On/Off Mode select for
Karaoke.
6. Surround mode
A total of 26 Surround Sound mode select as
shown in the table below.
Surround mode
Surround mode
Generic
Stone corridor
Padded
Alley
Room
Forrest
Bathroom
City
Living room
Mountain
Stone
Quarry
Auditorium
Plain
Concert
Parking lot
Cave
Sewer pipe
Arena
Under water
Hangar
Drug
Carpet
Dizzy
Hallway
Psychological
7. Skin change
Media Player Skin Type select.
8. Open
Open file formats including MP3, CDA, MDI, WAV
& WMA support.
C. Playback Controls
The playback controls include “Play”, “Pause”, “Stop”, “Previous”, “Backward”,
“Forward”, & “Next”.
A-2
Appendix
D. Seeking bar
Display Animated Playback Status
E. Title/Play List Windows
Display Currently Selected Title(s)
F. Title/Play List Edit Controls
There title/play list controls include “Add”, “Del”, “Clear”, “Load”, & “Store”.
1. Add
Add to the Title/Play List.
2. Del
Remove form the Title/Play List.
3. Clear
Clear the Title/Play List.
4. Load
Load Title/Play List.
5. Store
Save Title/Play List.
G. Title/Play List Scroll bar
Scroll Up/Down the Title/Play List.
H. Recording Function Controls
The recording function controls include “Input”, “Save, “New”, “Rec”, “Stop”,
& “Play”.
1. Input
Input soruce select.
2. Save
Save to file.
3. New
Open new file & select format includes Sampling
Rate, Sampling bit, Mono or Stereo.
4. Rec
Start Rec.
5. Stop
Stop Rec.
6. Play
Playback Rec file.
I. REC/Playback Time Display
Displays REC/Playback Time.
A-3
Appendix
J. Platform Display Panel Controls
The platform display panel control include “Minimize” & “Close”.
1. Minimize
Minimize Platform Display Panel.
2. Close
Close/Exit Platform Display Panel.
K. Equalizer Control Panel
The Equalizer Control Panel include “On/Off” & “Preset”.
1. On/Off
Enable/Disable Equalizer.
2. Preset
Clear Equalizer setting to default value.
A-4
Appendix
Appendix B
B-1 Update Your System BIOS
Download the xxxxx.EXE file corresponding to your model from our website to an
empty directory on your hard disk or floppy. Run the downloaded xxxxx.EXE file and
it will self extract. Copy these extracted files to a bootable floppy disk.
Note: The floppy disk should contain NO device drivers or other programs.
1. Type “A:\AWDFLASH and press <Enter> Key.
2. You will see the following setup screen.
3. Please key in the xxxxx.bin BIOS file name.
XXXX
4. If you want to save the previous BIOS data to the diskette, please key in [Y],
otherwise please key in [N].
XXXX
XXXXX
xxxxx.bin
B-1
Appendix
5. Key in File Name to save previous BIOS to file.
XXXX
XXXXX
xxxxx.bin
xxxxx.bin
6. To confirm and proceed, please key in [Y] to start the programming.
XXXX
XXXXX
xxxxx.bin
xxxxx.bin
7. The BIOS update is finished.
XXXX
XXXXX
xxxxx.bin
F1 : Reset
B-2
F10 : Exit
Appendix
Appendix C
C-1 VIA RAID BIOS Utility
Power-on the system and wait for the following screen to appear. Press the ”Tab”
key to enter its BIOS configuration utility.
The main interface of the BIOS utility is as below:
Create Disk Array
1. Use the arrow keys to navigate the main menu. Use the up and down arrow
keys to select the Create Array command and press <Enter> to call out the list
of creation steps.
C-1
Appendix
2. Select Array Mode and press <Enter>, a list of array modes will appear. Highlight the target array mode that you want to create, and press <Enter> to confirm
the selection. If RAID 1 is selected, an option list will popup and enable the
users to select Create only or Create and duplicate. Create only will allow BIOS
to only create an array. The data on the mirroring drive may be different from
the source drive. Create and duplicate lets BIOS copy the data from the source
to the mirroring drive.
3. After array mode is selected, there are two methods to create a disk array. One
method is “Auto Setup” and the other one is “Select Disk Drives”. Auto Setup
allows BIOS to select the disk drives and create arrays automatically, but it does
not duplicate the mirroring drives even if the user selected Create and duplicate
for RAID 1 . It is recommended all disk drives are new ones when wanting to
create an array. Select Disk Drives lets the user select the array drives by their
requirements. When using Select Disk Drives, the channel column will be
activated. Highlight the target drives that you want to use and press <Enter> to
select them. After all drives have been selected, press <Esc> to go back to the
creation steps menu.
C-2
Appendix
4. If user selects a RAID 0 array in step 2, the block size of the array can also be
selected. Use the arrow key to highlight Block Size and press <Enter>, then
select a block size from the popup menu. The block size can be 4KB to 64KB.
5. Use the arrow key to highlight Start Create Process and press <Enter>.
A warning message will appear, Press Y to finish the creation, or press N to
cancel the creation.
6. Important note: All existing content in the hard drive will be destroyed after
array creation.
Delete Disk Array
A RAID can be deleted after it has been created. To delete a RAID, use the
following steps:
1. Select Delete Array in the main menu and press <Enter>. The channel column
will be activated.
2. Select the member of an array that is to be deleted and press <Enter>.
A warning message will show up, press Y to delete or press N to cancel.
C-3
Appendix
Deleting a disk array will destroy all the data on the disk array except RAID 1
arrays. When a RAID is deleted, the data on these two hard disk drives will be
reserved and become two normal disk drives.
View Serial Number of Hard Drive
Highlight Serial Number View and press <Enter>. Use arrow key to select a drive,
the selected drive’s serial number can be viewed in the last column. The serial
number is assigned by the disk drive manufacturer.
View Array Status
Press the F1 key to show the array status on the lower screen. If there are no disk
arrays then nothing will be displayed on the screen.
Duplicate Critical RAID 1 Array
When booting up the system, BIOS will detect if the RAID 1 array has any inconsistencies between user data and backup data. If BIOS detects any inconsistencies, the
status of the disk array will be marked as critical, and BIOS will prompt the user to
duplicate the RAID 1 in order to ensure the backup data consistency with the user
data.
If user selects Continue to boot, it will enable duplicating the array after booting
into OS.
C-4
Appendix
Rebuild Broken RAID 1 Array
When booting up the system, BIOS will detect if any member disk drives of RAID
has failed or is absent. If BIOS detects any disk drive failures or missing disk
drives, the status of the array will be marked as broken.
If BIOS detects a broken RAID 1 array but there is a spare hard drive available for
rebuilding the broken array, the spare hard drive will automatically become the
mirroring drive. BIOS will show a main interface just like a duplicated RAID 1.
Selecting Continue to boot enables the user to duplicate the array after booting into
operating system.
If BIOS detects a broken RAID 1 array but there is no spare hard drive available for
rebuilding the array, BIOS will provide several operations to solve such problem.
1. Power off and Check the Failed Drive:
This item turns off the computer and replaces the failed hard drive with a good
one. If your computer does not support APM, you must turn off your computer
manually. After replacing the hard drive, boot into BIOS and select Choose
replacement drive and rebuild to rebuild the broken array.
2. Destroy the Mirroring Relationship:
This item cancels the data mirroring relationship of the broken array. For broken
RAID 1 arrays, the data on the surviving disk will remain after the destroy
operation.
C-5
Appendix
3. Choose Replacement Drive and Rebuild:
This item enables users to select an already-connected hard drive to rebuild the
broken array. After choosing a hard drive, the channel column will be activated.
Highlight the target hard drive and press <Enter>, a warning message will
appear. Press Y to use that hard drive to rebuild, or press N to cancel. Please
note selecting option Y will destroy all the data on the selected hard drive.
4. Continue to boot:
This item enables BIOS to skip the problem and continue booting into OS.
C-6
Appendix
C-2 Optional - Silicon Image Sil3114 RAID BIOS Utility
To enter this BIOS utility, power on and wait for the following message to appear
during boot-up:
Press <CTRL-S> or F4 to enter RAID utility.
An easy-to-use screen will appear with the following choices in the top left:
Š Create RAID Set
Š Delete RAID Set
Š Rebuild RAID Set
Š Resolve Conflicts
Š Low Level Format
Š Logical Drive Info
Below this will be listed the drives currently installed on the system.
The top right half of the screen displays directions and comments for the user. The
bottom right half lists the command keys:
Š Arrows up and down are Select Keys
Š ESC takes the user to the previous menu
Š Enter selects the user’s choice
Š Ctrl-E exits the utility
Creating RAID Sets
This creates RAID Sets.
1. Select “Create RAID Set”
2. Choose either a “Striped” or “Mirrored” RAID Set.
3. Select if you want the utility to Auto Configure the RAID Set or if you want
to manually configure the RAID Set. For Striped Sets, you can change the
chunk size. For Mirrored Sets, you assign which is the Source and Target
drives, as well as if you want Disk Copy.
What is Disk Copy? If the disk assigned as the source disk already has
been partitioned and has data stored on it, and then a second disk is added
for redundancy, the data on the source drive can be copied to the destination drive, so the disks are identical, and all subsequent data will be written
C-7
Appendix
to both drives as a Mirrored set. If, however, the source disk does not have
data already stored on it, there is no need for Disk Copy.
4. The utility will ask “Are You Sure?” before completing the configuration.
Rebuild RAID Sets
This is used to initiate the copying of data a from an existing drive to a replacement
drive that has been installed in a RAID set after the failure of the members.
Deleting RAID Sets
1. To remove one or more RAID sets, select “Delete RAID Set.”
2. Select desired set and press Y when asked “Are You Sure?”
Resolving Conflict
When a RAID set is created, the metadata written to the disk includes drive
connection information (Primary Channel, Secondary Channel). If, after a disk
failure, the replacement disk was previously part of a RAID set (or used in another
system), it may have conflicting metadata, specifically in reference to the drive
connection information. If so, this will prohibit the RAID set from being either
created or rebuilt, In order for the RAID set to function properly, this old metadata
must be first overwritten with the new metadata. To resolve this, select “Resolve
Conflict” and the correct metadata, including the correct drive
connection information, will be written to the replacement disk.
Low Level Format
This selection allows you to do “Low Level Format” for a single disk at a time.
Logical Drive Info
This selection shows the hard disk information of the RAID setup.
C-8
Appendix
Appendix D
D-1 POST CODES
POST (hex)
DESCRIPTION
CFh
C0h
Test CMOS R/W functionality.
Early chipset initialization:
- Disable shadow RAM
- Disable L2 cache (socket 7 or below)
- Program basic chipset registers
Detect memory
- Auto-detection of DRAM size, type and ECC.
- Auto-detection of L2 cache (socket 7 or below)
Expand compressed BIOS code to DRAM
Call chipset hook to copy BIOS back to E000 & F000 shadow RAM.
Expand the Xgroup codes locating in physical address 1000:0
Reserved
Initial Superio_Early_Init switch.
Reserved
1. Blank out screen
2. Clear CMOS error flag
Reserved
1. Clear 8042 interface
2. Initialize 8042 self-test
1. Test special keyboard controller for Winbond 977 series Super I/O
chips.
2. Enable keyboard interface.
Reserved
1. Disable PS/2 mouse interface (optional).
2. Auto detect ports for keyboard & mouse followed by a port &
interface swap (optional).
3. Reset keyboard for Winbond 977 series Super I/O chips.
Reserved
Test F000h segment shadow to see whether it is R/W-able or not. If test
fails, keep beeping the speaker.
Reserved
Auto detect flash type to load appropriate flash R/W codes into the run
time area in F000 for ESCD & DMI support.
Reserved
Use walking 1’s algorithm to check out interface in CMOS circuitry.
Also set real-time clock power status, and then check for override.
Reserved
Program chipset default values into chipset. Chipset default values are
MODBINable by OEM customers.
Reserved
Initial Early_Init_Onboard_Generator switch.
Reserved
C1h
C3h
C5h
01h
02h
03h
04h
05h
06h
07h
08h
09h
0Ah
0B-0Dh
0Eh
0Fh
10h
11h
12h
13h
14h
15h
16h
17h
D-1
Appendix
18h
19-1Ah
1Bh
1Ch
1Dh
1Eh
1Fh
20h
21h
22h
23h
24-26h
27h
28h
29h
2A-2Ch
2Dh
2E-32h
33h
34-3Bh
3Ch
3Dh
3Eh
3Fh
40h
41h
42h
D-2
Detect CPU information including brand, SMI type (Cyrix or Intel) and
CPU level (586 or 686).
Reserved
Initial interrupts vector table. If no special specified, all H/W
interrupts are directed to SPURIOUS_INT_HDLR & S/W
interrupts to SPURIOUS_soft_HDLR.
Reserved
Initial EARLY_PM_INIT switch.
Reserved
Load keyboard matrix (notebook platform)
Reserved
HPM initialization (notebook platform)
Reserved
1. Check validity of RTC value:
e.g. a value of 5Ah is an invalid value for RTC minute.
2. Load CMOS settings into BIOS stack. If CMOS checksum fails, use
default value instead.
3. Prepare BIOS resource map for PCI & PnP use. If ESCD is valid,
take into consideration of the ESCD’s legacy information.
4. Onboard clock generator initialization. Disable respective clock
resource to empty PCI & DIMM slots.
5. Early PCI initialization:
-Enumerate PCI bus number
-Assign memory & I/O resource
-Search for a valid VGA device & VGA BIOS, and put it into C000:0.
Reserved
Initialize INT 09 buffer
Reserved
1. Program CPU internal MTRR (P6 & PII) for 0-640K memory
address.
2. Initialize the APIC for Pentium class CPU.
3. Program early chipset according to CMOS setup.
Example: onboard IDE controller.
4. Measure CPU speed.
5. Invoke video BIOS.
Reserved
1. Initialize multi-language
2. Put information on screen display, including Award title, CPU type,
CPU speed ….
Reserved
Reset keyboard except Winbond 977 series Super I/O chips.
Reserved
Test 8254
Reserved
Test 8259 interrupt mask bits for channel 1.
Reserved
Test 8259 interrupt mask bits for channel 2.
Reserved
Reserved
Appendix
43h
44h
45-46h
47h
48h
49h
4A-4Dh
4Eh
4Fh
50h
51h
52h
53-54h
55h
56h
57h
58h
59h
5Ah
5Bh
5Ch
5Dh
5E-5Fh
60h
61-64h
65h
66h
67h
68h
69h
6Ah
6Bh
6Ch
6Dh
Test 8259 functionality.
Reserved
Reserved
Initialize EISA slot
Reserved
1. Calculate total memory by testing the last double word of each 64K
page.
2. Program writes allocation for AMD K5 CPU.
Reserved
1. Program MTRR of M1 CPU
2. Initialize L2 cache for P6 class CPU & program CPU with proper
cacheable range.
3. Initialize the APIC for P6 class CPU.
4. On MP platform, adjust the cacheable range to smaller one in case
the cacheable ranges between each CPU are not identical.
Reserved
Initialize USB
Reserved
Test all memory (clear all extended memory to 0)
Reserved
Display number of processors (multi-processor platform)
Reserved
1. Display PnP logo
2. Early ISA PnP initialization
-Assign CSN to every ISA PnP device.
Reserved
Initialize the combined Trend Anti-Virus code.
Reserved
(Optional Feature) Show message for entering AWDFLASH.EXE
from FDD (optional)
Reserved
1. Initialize Init_Onboard_Super_IO switch.
2. Initialize Init_Onbaord_AUDIO switch.
Reserved
Okay to enter Setup utility; i.e. not until this POST stage can users enter
the CMOS setup utility.
Reserved
Initialize PS/2 Mouse
Reserved
Prepare memory size information for function call: INT 15h ax=E820h
Reserved
Turn on L2 cache
Reserved
Program chipset registers according to items described in Setup & Autoconfiguration table.
Reserved
1. Assign resources to all ISA PnP devices.
2. Auto assign ports to onboard COM ports if the corresponding item
in Setup is set to “AUTO”.
D-3
Appendix
6Eh
6Fh
70-72h
73h
74h
75h
76h
77h
78h-79h
7Ah
7B-7Eh
7Fh
80h-81h
82h
83h
84h
85h
86-92h
93h
94h
95h
96h
FFh
D-4
Reserved
1. Initialize floppy controller
2. Set up floppy related fields in 40:hardware.
Reserved
(Optional Feature) Enter AWDFLASH.EXE if :
-AWDFLASH is found in floppy drive.
-ALT+F2 is pressed
Reserved
Detect & install all IDE devices: HDD, LS120, ZIP, CDROM…..
Reserved
Detect serial ports & parallel ports.
Reserved
Detect & install co-processor
Reserved
1. Switch back to text mode if full screen logo is supported.
-If errors occur, report errors & wait for keys
-If no errors occur or F1 key is pressed to continue:
Clear EPA or customization logo.
Reserved
1. Call chipset power management hook.
2. Recover the text fond used by EPA logo (not for full screen logo)
3. If password is set, ask for password.
Save all data in stack back to CMOS
Initialize ISA PnP boot devices
1. USB final Initialization
2. NET PC: Build SYSID structure
3. Switch screen back to text mode
4. Set up ACPI table at top of memory.
5. Invoke ISA adapter ROMs
6. Assign IRQs to PCI devices
7. Initialize APM
8. Clear noise of IRQs.
Reserved
Read HDD boot sector information for Trend Anti-Virus code
1. Enable L2 cache
2. Program boot up speed
3. Chipset final initialization.
4. Power management final initialization
5. Clear screen & display summary table
6. Program K6 write allocation
7. Program P6 class write combining
1. Program daylight saving
2. Update keyboard LED & typematic rate
1. Build MP table
2. Build & update ESCD
3. Set CMOS century to 20h or 19h
4. Load CMOS time into DOS timer tick
5. Build MSIRQ routing table.
Boot attempt (INT 19h)