Booxt GOES 300S Service manual

2007 GOES HI-PERF 300S
SERVICE MANUAL
FOREWORD
This service manual is designed primarily for use by certified Goes Master Service
Dealer technicians in a properly equipped shop and should be kept available for
reference. All references to left and right side of the vehicle are from the operator's
perspective when seated in a normal riding position.
Some procedures outlined in this manual require a sound knowledge of mechanical
theory, tool use, and shop procedures in order to perform the work safely and correctly.
Technicians should read the text and be familiar with service procedures before starting
the work. Certain procedures require the use of special tools. Use only the proper tools
as specified.
UNDERSTANDING MANUAL SAFETY LABELS AND DIRECTIONS
Throughout this manual, important information is brought to your attention by the following symbols:
SAFETY ALERT WARNING indicates a potential hazard that may result in severe injury or death to the operator, bystander
or person(s) inspecting or servicing the vehicle.
SAFETY ALERT CAUTION indicates a potential hazard that may result in minor personal injury or damage to the vehicle.
CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid vehicle damage or property damage.
NOTE:
NOTE provides key information by clarifying instructions.
IMPORTANT:
IMPORTANT provides key reminders during disassembly, assembly and inspection of components.
1
GENERAL INFORMATION
1
MAINTENANCE
2
CVT
3
ENGINE
4
TRANSMISSION
5
FUEL SYSTEM
6
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
7
BRAKES
8
ELECTRICAL
9
2
4
GENERAL INFORMATION
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION
INFORMATION . . . . .……………... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2
ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER LOCATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER LOCATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONSMODEL: GOES 300 S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.3
GENERAL VEHICLE INSPECTIONAND MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.4
VEHICLE COMPONENT INSPECTION LOCATIONS………………………………………1.4
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONSMODEL: TREETRENTAR 330 ON ROAD . . . . . . . . . . . ...1.5
GENERAL VEHICLE INSPECTIONAND MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.6
VEHICLE COMPONENT INSPECTION LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 1.6
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.7
1.1
GENERAL INFORMATION
6MODEL INFORMATION
VIN Identification
Engine Serial Number Location
Whenever corresponding about an engine, be sure to refer to the
engine serial number. This information can be found stamped on
the top LH side of the crankcase as shown below.
Vehicle Identification Number Location
The vehicle identification number (VIN) and engine serial
number are important for identification purposes. See the
illustrations.
1.2
GENERAL INFORMATION
8
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
MODEL:GOES 300 S
DRIVE SYSTEM
ENGINE
Type
4 Stroke, Simple overhead camshaft
Oil capacity/ type
900 CC/ 80w90
Displacement
272.3 cc
Transmission selection
Forward, Neutral, Reverse
Cooling
Water cooled
Clutch type
Centrifugal clutch
Bore and stroke
72.7mm×65.6mm
Final drive
Chain
Compression ratio
10.2 : 1
Forward gear ratio
17/45* 30/47
Number of valve
2 Rocker arm activated
Reverse gear ratio
17/49* 21/37* 30/47
Inlet valve O
30.5mm
Rear Sprocket ratio
15/36
Inlet valve clearance
0.10mm
CHASSIS
Exhaust valve O
26.5mm
Frame
Steel
Exhaust valve clearance
0.10mm
Front suspension
Duel sock with double wishbone
Lubrication
Wet sump and pump pressurized
Front wheel travel
115 mm
Recommended oil
0W/ 50
Rear suspension
Single shock with swing Arm
Oil capacity
1800 CC
Rear wheel travel
165 mm
Starting system
Electric start and coil start
Front brake
Duel disc with single bore caliper
Max. power
14kw/6500rpm
Rear
Single Disc with single bore caliper
Max. torque
22Nm/5500rpm
Combined brake
Foot pedal
Parking device
Cable controlled parking through rear caliper
CARBURATOR
brake
Type
Keihin /PTG/ ACV
Front tire
21×7-10
Slide valve
B34
Rear tire
20×10-9
Main jet
108
DIMENSIONS
Pilot jet
38S
Overall length
1820 mm
Jet needle
2MKNN
Overall width
1150 mm
th
Needle clip position notch
4 step from top
Overall height
1160 mm
Air screw
1.0 circuit
Seat height
790mm
Idle RPM
1400±100
Wheelbase
1300mm
Max. permissible weight
173Kg
ENG. ELECTRICAL
Charging system
Alternator and voltage regulator
Number of seats
2
Alternator output
180W@6000RPM
Min. ground clearance
170mm
Ignition type
CDI
Dry weight
205Kg
Spark plug type
NGK/ DPR7EA-9
Front track
1125 mm
Spark plug gap
0.6~0.7mm
Rear track
1125 mm
RPM limiter setting
8500 rpm
Fuel tank capacity
8.5 Liter
Battery type
GTX12-BS
Max. speed
86 km/hr
Charge 30A/ Main 15A/ Light 10A/ Spare
Fuse type
15A
1.3
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL VEHICLE INSPECTION
AND MAINTENANCE
Pre-Ride / Daily Inspection
• Throttle - check for free operation
Perform the following pre-ride inspection daily, and when
• Headlight / Taillight / Brake light - check operation of all
servicing the vehicle at each scheduled maintenance.
indicator lights and switches
• Tires - check condition and tire pressure
• Engine stop switch - check for proper function
• Fuel and oil - fill both to their proper level;
• Wheels - check for loose wheel nuts
Do not overfill
• Air cleaner element - check for dirt or water; clean or replace
• All brakes - check operation
• Steering - check for free operation, noting any unusual
looseness in any area
• Loose parts - visually inspect vehicle for any
damaged or loose nuts, bolts or fasteners
Vehicle Component Inspection Location
1.4
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
MODEL:TREETRENTAR 330 ON ROAD
DRIVE SYSTEM
ENGINE
Type
4 stroke simple overhead camshaft
Oil capacity/ type
900 CC/ 80w90
Displacement
272.3 cc
Transmission selection
Forward, Neutral, Reverse
Cooling
Water cooled
Clutch type
Centrifugal clutch
Bore and stroke
72.7mm×65.6mm
Final drive
Chain
Compression ratio
10.2 : 1
Forward gear ratio
17/45* 30/47
Number of valve
2 rocker arm activated
Reverse gear ratio
17/49* 21/37* 30/47
Inlet valve O
30.5mm
Rear axle ratio
15/36
Inlet valve clearance
0.10mm
CHASSIS
Exhaust valve O
26.5mm
Frame
Steel
Exhaust valve clearance
0.10mm
Front suspension
Duel sock with double wishbone
Lubrication
Wet sump lubrication and pump pressurized
Front wheel travel
115 mm
Recommended oil
0W/ 50
Rear suspension
Single shock with swing Arm
Oil capacity
1800 CC
Rear wheel travel
165 mm
Starting system
Electric start and coil start
Front brake
Duel disc with single bore caliper
Max. power
14kw/6500rpm
Rear
Single Disc with single bore caliper
Max. torque
22Nm/5500rpm
Combined brake
Foot pedal
Parking device
Cable controlled parking through rear caliper
CARBURATOR
brake
Type
Keihin /PTG/ ACV
Front tire
21×7-10
Slide valve
B34
Rear tire
20×10-9
Main jet
108
DIMENSIONS
Pilot jet
38S
Overall length
1820 mm
Jet needle
2MKNN
Overall width
1150 mm
th
Needle clip position notch
4 step from top
Overall height
1160 mm
Air screw
1.0 circuit
Seat height
790mm
Idle RPM
1400±100
Wheelbase
1300mm
Max. permissible weight
173Kg
ENG. ELECTRICAL
Charging system
Alternator and voltage regulator
Number of seats
2
Alternator output
180W@6000RPM
Min. ground clearance
170mm
Dry weight
205Kg
Ignition type
CDI
Spark plug type
NGK/ DPR7EA-9
Front track
1125 mm
Spark plug gap
0.6~0.7mm
Rear track
1125 mm
RPM limiter setting
8500 rpm
Fuel tank capacity
8.5 Liter
Battery type
GTX12-BS
Max. speed
86 km/hr
Charge 30A/ Main 15A/ Light 10A/ Spare
Fuse type
15A
1.5
GENERAL INFORMATION
Vehicle Component Inspection Location
1.6
GENERAL INFORMATION
Glossary Of Terms
ABDC: After bottom dead center.
ACV: Alternating current voltage.
Alternator: Electrical generator producing voltage alternating current.
ATDC: After top dead center.
BBDC: Before bottom dead center.
BDC: Bottom dead center.
BTDC: Before top dead center.
CC: Cubic centimeters.
Center Distance: Distance between center of crankshaft and center of driven clutch shaft.
Chain Pitch: Distance between chain link pins (No. 35 = 3/8" or 1 cm). Goes measures chain length in number of pitches.
CI: Cubic inches.
Clutch Buttons: Plastic bushings which aid rotation of the movable sheave in the drive and driven clutch.
Clutch Offset: Drive and driven clutches are offset so that drive belt will stay nearly straight as it moves along the clutch face.
Clutch Weights: Three levers in the drive clutch which relative to their weight, profile and engine RPM cause the drive clutch to close and
grip the drive belt.
Crankshaft Run-Out: Run-out or "bend" of crankshaft measured with a dial indicator while crankshaft is supported between centers on V
blocks or resting in crankcase. Measure at various points especially at PTO.
CVT: Centrifugal Variable Transmission (Drive Clutch System)
DCV: Direct current voltage.
Dial Bore Gauge: A cylinder measuring instrument which uses a dial indicator. Good for showing taper and out-of-round in the cylinder
bore.
Electrical Open: Open circuit. An electrical circuit which isn't complete.
Electrical Short: Short circuit. An electrical circuit which is completed before the current reaches the intended load. (i.e. a bare wire
touching the chassis).
End Seals: Rubber seals at each end of the crankshaft.
Engagement RPM: Engine RPM at which the drive clutch engages to make contact with the drive belt.
ft.: Foot/feet.
Foot Pound: Ft. lb. A force of one pound at the end of a lever one foot in length, applied in a rotational direction.
g: Gram. Unit of weight in the metric system.
gal.: Gallon.
ID: Inside diameter.
in.: Inch/inches.
Inch Pound: In. lb. 12 in. lbs. = 1 ft. lb.
kg/cm2: Kilograms per square centimeter.
kg-m: Kilogram meters.
Kilogram/meter: A force of one kilogram at the end of a lever one meter in length, applied in a rotational direction.
l or ltr: Liter.
lbs/in2: Pounds per square inch.
Left or Right Side: Always referred to based on normal operating position of the driver.
m: Meter/meters.
Mag: Magneto.
Magnetic Induction: As a conductor (coil) is moved through a magnetic field, a voltage will be generated in the windings. Mechanical
energy is converted to electrical energy in the stator.
mi.: Mile/miles.
mm: Millimeter. Unit of length in the metric system. 1 mm = approximately .040".
Nm: Newton meters.
1.7
GENERAL INFORMATION
OD: Outside diameter.
Ohm: The unit of electrical resistance opposing current flow.
oz.: Ounce/ounces.
Piston Clearance: Total distance between piston and cylinder wall.
psi.: Pounds per square inch.
PTO: Power take off.
qt.: Quart/quarts.
Regulator: Voltage regulator. Regulates battery charging system output at approx. 14.5 DCV as engine RPM increases.
Reservoir Tank: The fill tank in the liquid cooling system.
Resistance: In the mechanical sense, friction or load. In the electrical sense, ohms, resulting in energy conversion to heat.
RPM: Revolutions per minute.
Seized Piston: Galling of the sides of a piston. Usually there is a transfer of aluminum from the piston onto the cylinder wall.
Possible causes: 1) improper lubrication; 2) excessive temperatures; 3) insufficient piston clearance; 4) stuck piston rings.
Stator Plate: The plate mounted under the flywheel supporting the battery charging coils.
TDC: Top dead center. Piston's most outward travel from crankshaft.
Volt: The unit of measure for electrical pressure of electromotive force. Measured by a voltmeter in parallel with the circuit.
Watt: Unit of electrical power. Watts = amperes x volts.
WOT: Wide open throttle.
1.8
MAINTENANCE
CHAPTER 2
MAINTENANCE
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE CHART. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE OVERVIEW. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3
PRE-RIDE - 40 HOUR MAINTENANCE INTERVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4
50 - 300 HOUR MAINTENANCE INTERVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5
GENERAL VEHICLE INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6
FRAME, NUTS, BOLTS AND FASTENER INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6
STANDARD TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6
STANDARD FASTENER TORQUES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6
MAINTENANCE QUICK REFERENCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6
RE-COIL STRATER AND OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.7
FUEL SYSTEM AND AIR INTAKE . . …. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.7
FUEL SYSTEM SAFETY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . … . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.7
THROTTLE STOP SPEED CONTROL SYSTEM. . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.7
CHOKE CABLE ADJUSTMENT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.8
IDLE SPEED ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.8
FUEL LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.8
AIR SCREW ADJUSTMENT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.9
FUEL FILTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.9
FUEL VALVE LOCATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.10
CARBURETOR DRAINING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.10
AIR FILTER SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.11
ENGINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.12
ENGINE OIL LEVEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.12
ENGINE OIL AND FILTER CHANGE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.12
COMPRESSION/ LEAKDOWN TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 2.13
VALVE CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 2.13
ENGINE MOUNTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.14
ENGINE FASTENER TORQUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.14
CVT DRYING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.14
TRANSMISSION AND FINAL DRIVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.14
TRANSMISSION LUBRICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.14
TRANSMISSION LUBRICANT LEVEL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.14
TRANSMISSION LUBRICANT CHANGE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.14
DRIVE CHAIN INSPECTION -. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.15
DRIVE CHAIN ADJUSTMENT - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . … . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.15
2.1
MAINTENANCE
SPROCKET INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.16
ELECTRICAL AND IGNITION SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.16
BATTERY REMOVAL. . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.16
BATTERY CLEANING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.17
BATTERY INSTALLATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.17
BATTERY STORAGE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.17
BATTERY INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.17
FUSES / FUSE HOLDER LOCATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.18
SPARK PLUG INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.18
ENGINE/ FRAME GROUND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 2.18
STEERING AND SUSPENSION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.19
STEERING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.19
TIE ROD END / STEERING INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.19
LUBRICATION/ GREASE POINTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.20
WHEEL ALIGNMENT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.20
WHEEL ALIGNMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 2.20
TOE ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.21
FRONT SUSPENSION INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.21
REAR SUSPENSION INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.22
SUSPENSION SPRING ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.22
BRAKE SYSTEM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.22
BRAKE SYSTEM INSPECTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.22
BRAKE LEVER TRAVEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.22
PARKING BRAKE ADJUSTMENT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.23
WHEELS AND TIRES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.23
WHEELS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.23
WHEEL, HUB AND SPINDLE TORQUE TABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.23
WHEEL INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.23
WHEEL REMOVAL - FRONT / REAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.23
WHEEL INSTALLATION - FRONT / REAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.24
TIRE PRESSURE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.24
TIRE INSPECTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.24
2.2
MAINTENANCE
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE CHART
Periodic Maintenance Overview
Careful periodic maintenance will help keep your vehicle in the safest, most reliable condition. Inspection,
adjustment and lubrication of important components are explained in the periodic maintenance chart.
Inspect, clean, lubricate, adjust and replace parts as necessary. When inspection reveals the need for replacement
parts, use genuine Goes parts available from your dealer.
NOTE: Service and adjustments are critical. If you’re not familiar with safe service and adjustment procedures, have
qualified dealer perform these operations.
Maintenance intervals in the following chart are based upon average riding conditions and an average vehicle speed
of approximately 10 miles per hour. Vehicles subjected to severe use must be inspected and serviced more
frequently.
Severe Use Definition
• Frequent immersion in mud, water or sand
• Racing or race-style high RPM use
• Prolonged low speed, heavy load operation
• Extended idle
• Short trip cold weather operation
Pay special attention to the oil level. A rise in oil level during cold weather can indicate contaminants collecting in oil
sump or crankcase. Change oil immediately if the oil level begins to rise. Monitor the oil level, and if it continues rise,
discontinue use and determine the cause or see your dealer.
Maintenance Chart Key
The following symbols denote potential items to be aware of during maintenance:
■ = CAUTION: Due to the nature of these adjustments, it is recommended this service be performed by
authorized GOES dealer.
◆ = SEVERE USE ITEM -- See Above
NOTE: Inspection may reveal the need for replacement parts. Always use genuine Goes parts.
Improperly performing the procedures marked with a■
could result in component failure and lead to serious injury
or death. Have an authorized GOES dealer perform these
services.
2.3
MAINTENANCE
Pre-Ride - 40 Hour Maintenance Interval
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Maintenance Interval
ITEM
Remarks
(whichever comes first)
Hours
■ Steering
-
Calendar
KM
Pre-Ride
-
Check for free operation
◆ Front- Suspension
-
Pre-Ride
-
Make adjustments as needed.
◆ Rear- Suspension
-
Pre-Ride
-
Make adjustments as needed.
Tire
-
Pre-Ride
-
Make adjustments as needed.
Brake system
-
Pre-Ride
-
Check Operation
Auxiliary brake
-
Pre-Ride
-
Inspect daily; adjust as needed.
Drive chain
-
Pre-Ride
-
Brake light
-
Pre-Ride
-
Check condition and slack; refer
to “drive chain adjustment”
Check for proper operation.
Throttle
-
Pre-Ride
-
Check Operation
Wheels/ Fasteners
-
Pre-Ride
-
Make adjustments as needed.
Frame fasteners
-
Pre-Ride
-
Make adjustments as needed.
◆ Engine oil lever
-
Pre-Ride
-
Make adjustments as needed.
-
Pre-Ride
-
-
Pre-Ride
-
Inspect; clean often, replace as
needed.
Inspect coolant lever.
Air filter
■ Extension tank coolant
Daily
Drain deposits when visible.
Head lamp/ tail lamp
Daily
CVT housing
Weekly
◆ Air box sediment tube
■ Brake lever travel
10H
Monthly
150
Check operation; apply dielectric
grease if replacing.
Drain water as needed, check
often if operating in wet
conditions.
Inspect regularly.
◆ Brake freeplay
10H
Monthly
150
Inspect regularly.
■ Spark plug
10H
Monthly
150
Idle speed
10H
Monthly
150
Clean; check condition; adjust
gap; replace as needed.
Check; adjust as needed.
10H
Monthly
150
Check for proper operation.
20H
Monthly
300
Check terminals; clean; test.
■ Engine oil change * Severe duty
30H
6M
500
◆ **Normal Duty
50h
12M
1000
■ Radiator
40H
12M
650
◆ Transmission oil change
40H
12M
650
◆ Oil pre-filter screen
40H
12M
650
Perform a break-in oil change at
20 hours, change more frequently
during cold weather
inspect external surface; change
coolant
Inspect level; change yearly;
perform break-in oil change after
the first 10 hours of operation.
Clean filter at every oil change;
■ Choke
Battery
■ Perform these procedures more often for vehicles subjected to severe use.
◆ Have an authorized GOES dealer perform these services.
2.4
MAINTENANCE
50 - 300 Hour Maintenance Interval
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Maintenance Interval
ITEM
Remarks
(whichever comes first)
Hours
Calendar
KM
◆
General lubrication
50H
3M
800
■
Carburetor float bowl
50H
6M
800
■
Throttle cable
50H
6M
800
■
Choke cable
50H
6M
800
◆
Carburetor intake flange
50H
6M
800
■
Brake pads wear
50H
6M
800
Lubricate all grease fittings,
pivots, & cables.
Drain bowl periodically and prior
to storage.
Inspect; adjust; lubricate; replace
if necessary.
Inspect; adjust; lubricate; replace
if necessary.
Inspect for proper sealing / air
leaks.
Inspect; replace as needed.
■
Drive belt
50H
6M
800
Inspect; replace as needed.
Shift linkage & cable
50H
6M
800
◆
Front suspension
50H
6M
800
◆
Rear suspension
50H
6M
800
■
Fuel system
100H
12M
1500
■
Fuel filter
100H
12M
1500
Inspect; adjust; lubricate; replace
if necessary.
Inspect; lubricate; tighten
fasteners.
Inspect; lubricate; tighten
fasteners.
Check for leaks at tank cap, lines,
fuel valve, filter, carburetor,
replace lines every two years.
Replace yearly.
◆
Engine mounts
100H
12M
1500
Inspect.
◆
Exhaust muffler/ pipe
100H
12M
1500
Inspect.
■
Ignition timing
100H
12M
1500
Inspect.
◆
Wring
■
Clutch ( drive & driven )
100H
12M
1500
■
Front wheel bearings
100H
12M
1500
Inspect for wear, routing,
security; apply dielectric grease
to connectors subjected to water,
mud, etc.
Inspect; clean; replace worn
parts.
Inspect; replace as needed.
◆
Valve clearance
100H
12M
1500
Inspect; adjust.
◆
Ignition timing
100H
12M
1500
Inspect
◆
Brake fluid
100H
12M
1500
Change every two years.
■
Toe adjustment
-
-
-
100H
12M
1500
Inspect periodically; adjust when
parts are replaced.
■ Perform these procedures more often for vehicles subjected to severe use.
◆ Have an authorized Goes dealer perform these services.
2.5
MAINTENANCE
GENERAL VEHICLE INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Frame, Nuts, Bolts and Fastener Inspection
Periodically inspect the torque of all fasteners in accordance with the maintenance schedule. Check that all cotter pins are in
place. Refer to specific fastener torques listed in each chapter.
Standard Torque Specifications
The following torque specifications are to be used as a general guideline. There are exceptions in the steering, suspension, and
engine areas. Always consult the exploded views in each manual section when available for torque values of fasteners before
using standard torque.
Standard Fastener Torques
Thread Size
TORQUE (ft. lbs. / in. lbs.)
TORQUE (Nm)
5 mm bolts and nuts
39-52 in. lbs.
4.5-6 Nm
6 mm bolt and nuts
69-104 in. lbs.
8-12 Nm
8 mm boltsand nuts
13-18 ft. lbs.
18-25 Nm
10 mm bolts and nuts
22-29 ft. lbs.
30-40 Nm
12 mm bolts and nuts
36-43 ft. lbs.
50-60 Nm
4 mm screws
22-30 in. lbs.
2.5-3.4 Nm
5 mm screws
30-43 in. lbs.
3.5-5 Nm
6 mm Hex bolts
87-121 in. lbs.
10-14 Nm
8 mm Hex bolts
17-22 ft. lbs.
24-30 Nm
10 mm Hex bolts
25-32 ft. lbs.
35-45 Nm
Maintenance Quick Reference
1
2
3
Item
Lube Rec.
Method
Frequency
Engine oil
OW-50 Synthetic
Check level or
Check during pre-ride inspection change
change oil
oil every 30 hours or 6 months.
Transmission
Brake fluid
SAE80W-90 Gear Lubricant Check level or
DOT-4 Brake Fluid
Inspect periodically and change
change lube.
lubrication every 40 hours or annually.
Fill master cylinder
As require. Change fluid every 2 years.
reservoir to indicated
lever inside reservoir.
4
Drive Chain
Chain Lube or SAE
Lubricate drive chain Lubricate as required and before
80W/90
each ride in wet conditions.
More often in severe use.
5
Front Suspension
Premium All Season
A-Arm and Spindle) Grease
Inspect; tighten
Every 3 months or 50 hours (also after
fasteners; grease
washing ATV or driving in water). More
zerks
often in severe use
2.6
MAINTENANCE
Re-Coil Starter and Operation
If the battery becomes too weak to start the engine, use the
re-coil starter to start the engine until the battery is serviced.
Always stop the engine and refuel outdoors or in a well
ventilated area.
Do not smoke or allow open flames or sparks in or near
the area where refueling is performed or where gasoline
is stored.
Do not overfill the tank.
Fill the tank to the bottom of the filler neck.
This will allow for thermal expansion.
If you get gasoline in your eyes or swallow gasoline, see
your doctor immediately.
If you spill gasoline on your skin or clothing, immediately
wash it off with soap and water and change clothing.
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Shift the transmission into neutral (if equipped).
3. Lock the parking brake.
4. Push the engine stop switch up to the RUN position.
Never start the engine or run it in an enclosed area.
Gasoline powered engine exhaust fumes are poisonous
and can cause loss of consciousness and death in a
short time.
5. Turn the key ON.
6. Pull the re-coil to crank the engine.
Throttle Stop Speed Control System
IMPORTANT: This procedure should be performed
by consumers only when they determine that their
child is capable of handling the additional speed.
FUEL SYSTEM AND AIR INTAKE
Fuel System Safety
Gasoline is extremely flammable and explosive under
certain conditions.
2.7
MAINTENANC
Choke Cable Adjustment
Idle Speed Adjustment
Verify free play of 1.6-4.76 mm (1/16-3/16”) and smooth 1. Start engine and warm it up thoroughly.
operation of choke cable.
2. Adjust idle speed by turning the slide adjustment screw in
(clockwise) to increase or out (counterclockwise) to decrease RPM.
(Refer to illustration).
Idle Speed
1400 ± 100 r.p.m.
NOTE: Adjusting the idle speed affects throttle
cable freeplay. Always check throttle cable freeplay
after adjusting idle speed and adjust if necessary.
Adjustments to the freeplay can be made by loosening the
choke cable adjustment in or out to gain the desired
freeplay.
Fuel Lines
1. Check fuel lines for signs of wear, deterioration, damage, or
leakage. Replace if necessary.
2. Be sure fuel lines are routed properly and secured with cable
ties.
Make sure all fuel lines and vent lines are not kinked or
pinched.
3. Replace all fuel lines every two years.
If smooth choke operation is not obtainable, inspect choke
cable for kinks or sharp bends in routing.
2.8
MAINTENANCE
Air Screw Adjustment
Fuel Filter
1. Set idle speed to specification. Always check throttle cable
The fuel filter should be replaced in accordance with the
freeplay after adjusting idle speed and adjust if necessary.
“Periodic Maintenance Chart” or whenever sediment is
2. To adjust the mixture screw setting, you will need to use
visible
the Adjustment Screwdriver. Slowly turn the mixture screw
in the filter.
clockwise until engine idle RPM begins to decrease. Stop turning Fuel Filter Location - Located in-line between fuel valve
at this point.
and carburetor inlet.
3. Slowly turn mixture screw counterclockwise until idle speed
To service the fuel filter:
returns to maximum RPM. Continue turning counterclockwise
1. Shut off fuel supply at fuel valve.
until idle RPM begins to drop. Stop turning at this point.
2. Remove line clamps at both ends of the filter.
4. Center the mixture screw between points in Step 2 and 3.
3. Remove fuel lines from filter.
5. Readjust idle speed if not within specification.
4. Install new filter and clamps onto fuel lines.
5. Turn fuel valve to ‘ON’.
6. Start engine and inspect for leaks.
Air Screw
Pilot Air Screw Base Setting:
Keihin: 1.0 turns out
2.9
MAINTENANCE
Carburetor Draining
The carburetor float bowl should be drained periodically to
remove accumulated moisture or sediment from the bowl, or
before extended periods of storage.
1. Place a container beneath the bowl drain hose.
2. Loosen drain screw and allow fuel in the float bowl and fuel
line to drain completely.
Gasoline is extremely flammable and explosive under
certain conditions.
Do not smoke or allow sparks in near the area when
inspecting fuel valve.
1. Remove vacuum impulse hose and carburetor fuel hose.
2. Install a vacuum gauge into vacuum impulse hose.
3. Inspect gauge keeping pressure ability, if not must replace
diaphragm in fuel valve.
4. The gauge is keeping pressure but no fuel from carburetor hose.
Inspect fuel filter jam or reroute hoses.
3. Inspect the drained fuel for water or sediment.
4. Tighten drain screw.
5. Check for fuel leaks.
6. Start engine and re–check for leaks.
2.10
MAINTENANCE
Air Filter Service
1. Remove the seat.
2. Release the air box cover spring clips and remove the
cover.
6. Reinstall the screen, foam filter and air box cover. Secure the
clips.
7. Reinstall the seat.
Air Box Sediment Tube
Periodically check the air box sediment tube located toward the
rear of the machine. Drain whenever deposits are visible in the
clear tube.
3. Remove the foam air filter. Wash the foam filter in warm
soapy water, then rinse and let it dry. If the filter is damaged,
install a new foam filter.
4. Apply a commercially available foam filter oil to the foam
filter.
5. Inspect the filter support screen and clean away any oil or NOTE: The sediment tube will require more frequent
sediments in the air box.
service if the vehicle is operated in wet conditions or at
high throttle openings for extended periods.
1. Remove the hose clamp and remove the sediment tube.
2. Drain and clean deposits from the tube.
3. Reinstall the tube and clamp.
2.11
MAINTENANCE
ENGINE
Engine Oil and Filter Change
Oil Lever
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Clean area around the drain plug.
3. Run engine two to three minutes until warm.
4. Stop the engine.
To check the oil level:
1. Set machine on a level surface.
2. Start and run engine for 20-30 seconds. This will return oil
to its true level in the engine sump.
CAUTION
3. Stop engine and check oil level sight glass.
4. Check to see that the oil level is in the ’normal’ range. The
Hot oil can cause serious burns to skin. Do not
level should be, at minimum, halfway between to the top of
allow hot oil to come in contact with skin.
the viewing area. Add oil as needed to reach the indicated
5. Place a drain pan beneath the engine crankcase.
level shown. Do not overfill.
6. Remove the drain plug and pre-filter screen. Allow the oil
to drain completely.
7. Wash the oil pre-filter screen with solvent to remove any
debris. Allow the screen to air dry.
8. Inspect the O-ring on drain plug, replace if needed.
NOTE: Do not fill the over the normal oil operating range.
Filling over the normal operating range could cause a mist of NOTE: The sealing surfaces on the drain plug and
crankcase should be clean and free of burrs, nicks
oil to enter the air box.
or scratches.
NOTE: Rising oil level between checks in cool weather
driving, can indicatemoisture collecting in the oil
9. Reassemble the pre-filter screen and spring to the
reservoir. If the oil level is over the full mark, change the oil. pre-filter plug.
Recommended Engine oil:
Synthetic, 0W-40 Above 0°C (32°F)
Semi-Synthetic 20W-40 Below 0°C (32°F)
2.12
MAINTENANCE
10. Reinstall the pre-filter drain plug. Torque to 11 ft. lbs. (15
Valve Clearance Adjustment
Nm).
INTAKE / EXHAUST VALVE CLEARANCE
1. Remove the cylinder head cover to expose the intake and
exhaust rocker arms.
Crankcase Drain Plug: 15 Nm (11 ft. lbs.)
11. Remove the filler. Add 1800 ml (60 oz.) of recommended
oil. Do not overfill.
12. Reinstall the filler .
13. Start the engine. Allow it to idle for one to two minutes.
14. Stop the engine and inspect for leaks.
15. Check the oil level. Add oil as needed to bring the level is
in the “normal range”.
2. Remove spark plug and rotate engine to TDC on the
compression stroke.
IMPORTANT: Use of a compression tester adaptor
3. Insert a 0.1 mm feeler gauge between end of intake valve
that is too long WILL CAUSE DAMAGE to the cylinder stem and adjuster screw.
head. The adaptor length should be no longer than
4. If adjustment is required, loosen the locknut and turn
adjuster until the proper clearance is obtained.
the length of the spark plug threads 19mm.
Compression / Leakdown Test
Cylinder Compression
Standard: 13~15 kg/cm2 (185 - 215 psi)
Cylinder Leakage
Service Limit: 10%
Inspect if leakage exceeds 10%
5. When clearance is correct, hold adjuster screw and tighten
locknut securely.
6. Re-check the valve clearance.
7. Repeat steps 3-5 to adjust the exhaust valve clearance.
Valve Clearance - In / Ex: 0.1 mm
2.13
MAINTENANCE
Engine Mounts
TRANSMISSION AND FINAL DRIVE
Inspect engine mounts for cracks or damage.
Transmission Lubrication
The transmission lubricant level should be checked and
changed in accordance with the maintenance schedule.
Check engine fasteners and ensure they are tight
Remember to:
• Verify the vehicle is level before proceeding.
CVT Drying
NOTE: If operating the ATV through water, be sure to • Verify the vent hose is routed properly and is not obstructed.
• Follow instructions to check / change transmission fluid.
check the CVT and other components for water
Engine Fastener Torque
ingestion. The ATV should be checked immediately.
There may be some instances when water is accidently
ingested into the CVT system. Use the following instructions
to dry it out before operating. The drain plug is located on the
bottom of the CVT cover.
1. Remove the drain plug located under the CVT housing.
Allow the water to drain. Reinstall the drain plug.
Transmission Lubricant Level
The gear case fill plug is located on the side of the gear case on
the right side of the ATV. Maintain the lubricant level at the
oil lever bolt be checked monthly and changed annually.
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Remove the fill plug and fill plug.
3. View the lubricant level through the fill hole.
4. If the level is low, add the recommended lubricant.
5. Reinstall the fill plug and oil lever bolt.
2. Shift the transmission into neutral.
3. Start the engine. Apply varying throttle for 10-15 seconds
to expel the moisture and air-dry the belt and clutches. Do
not hold the throttle wide open for more than 3 - 4 seconds.
4. Allow the engine RPM to settle to an idle speed.
5. Test for belt slippage. If the belt slips, repeat the process.
Transmission Lubricant Change
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Remove the fill plug.
Exposure to salt water will cause corrosion to metal
3. Place a drain pan beneath the transmission.
components. If the vehicle is operated in salt water
4. Remove the drain plug and allow the lubricant to drain
areas, rinse it off frequently with fresh water.
completely.
2.14
MAINTENANCE
2. The chain should have 6-12 mm (1/4”-1/2”) deflection. If the
chain needs adjustment, use the following procedure.
Drive Chain Adjustment
1. Loosen the four rear axle hub mount bolts.
5. Clean and reinstall the drain plug. Torque to 19 Nm
(14 ft. lbs.).
Transmission Drain Plug: 19 Nm (14 ft. lbs.)
6. Add the recommended lubricant. Maintain the lubricant level
3. Turn the chain adjuster clockwise until chain tension is setting
at the bottom of the fill plug hole threads.
specification.
7. Reinstall the fill plug. Check for leaks.
ATV Gearcase Lubricant (AGL):
900 ml
(11.8 oz.)
Drive Chain Inspection
1. Check the amount of chain slack by moving the vehicle
slightly forward to gain deflection at the top of the chain.
2.15
MAINTENANCE
Sprocket Inspection
IMPORTANT: DO NOT activate ATV batteries unless they
Inspect the front and rear sprockets for worn, broken or bent
will be put into service within 30 days of activation.
teeth.
The ATV has a Low Maintenance style battery. Do not remove the
battery cap strip to check acid level or add water once the battery
have been activated. Perform the proper battery tests and charge or
replace the battery as required.
New batteries must be fully charged before use or battery life
will be significantly reduced (10-30% of the battery’s full
potential).
To check for wear, pull upward on the chain at the top of the
rear sprocket. Replace sprocket if chain movement exceeds
6mm (1/4”).
ELECTRICAL AND IGNITION SYSTEM
Battery Removal
Battery electrolyte is poisonous. It contains
To remove the battery:
1.
Remove the seat to access the battery.
2.
Loosen the strap securing the battery in position.
3.
Disconnect the black negative (-) battery cable first.
sulfuric acid. Serious burns can result from contact 4.
5.
with skin, eyes or clothing. Antidote:
Disconnect the red positive (+) battery cable last.
Lift the battery out of the ATV.
External: Flush with water.
Internal: Drink large quantities of water or milk.
Follow with milk of magnesia, beaten egg,
or vegetable oil. Call physician immediately.
Eyes: Flush with water for 15 minutes and get
prompt medical attention.
Batteries produce explosive gases. Keep
sparks, flame, cigarettes, etc. away. Ventilate
when charging or using in an enclosed space.
Always shield eyes when
working near batteries.
KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
CAUTION
Always wear safety glasses, rubber protective
gloves and appropriate clothing when
working with batteries.
2.16
MAINTENANCE
CAUTION
Low-amperage charger (1.2A): 5~10 Hr.s.
High-amperage charger(12A): 0.5Hr.s.
To reduce the chance of sparks:
NOTE: DO NOT use a constant high-amperage
Whenever removing the battery, disconnect the
battery charger to charge this style of battery. Use a
negative (black) cable first. When reinstalling the
low-amperage charger capable of charging voltage
battery, install the negative cable last.
Battery Cleaning
Keep the battery terminals and connections free of corrosion.
that is 1/10 of the battery amp-hour rating.
Battery inspection
If cleaning is necessary, remove the corrosion with a stiff wire When installing a new battery, make sure it's fully
brush. Wash with a solution of one table spoon baking soda
charged prior to its initial use. Using a new battery that
and one cup water. Rinse well with tap water and dry off with has not been fully charged can damage the battery and
clean shop towels. Coat the terminals with dielectric grease or result in a shorter life. It can also hinder vehicle
petroleum jelly.
performance.
Note:
Battery Installation
Fully charged: over 12.8 V
1. Place the fully charged battery in its holder.
Failure charged: under 12.5 V
2. Attach the hold-down strap(s).
3. Connect and tighten the red positive (+) cable first.
4. Connect and tighten the black negative (-) cable last.
5. Torque the battery terminal bolts to 4.7 Nm. (3.5 ft. lbs)
6. Verify that the cables are properly routed.
Battery Storage
Whenever the vehicle is not used for a period of three months
or more, remove the battery from the vehicle, ensure that it's
fully charged, and store it out of the sun in a cool, dry place.
Check battery voltage each month during storage and recharge
as needed to maintain a full charge.
2.17
MAINTENANCE
Fuses / Fuse Holder Location
4. Clean with electrical contact cleaner or a glass bead spark
A 15 Amp fuse protects the main electrical system, a 30 Amp
plug cleaner only. CAUTION: A wire brush or coated
fuse protects ignition system and a 10 Amp fuse protects the
abrasive should not be used.
headlight and taillight. See illustrations for fuse locations.
5. Measure gap with a wire gauge. Refer to specifications for
proper spark plug type and gap. Adjust gap if necessary by
bending the side electrode carefully.
6. If necessary, replace spark plug with proper type.
CAUTION: Severe engine damage may occur if the
incorrect spark plug is used.
7. Apply a small amount of anti-seize compound to the spark
plug threads.
8. Install spark plug and torque to 12~14 Nm (9~11 ft. lbs.).
Spark Plug Inspection
1. Remove spark plug high tension lead. Clean plug area so no
dirt and debris can fall into engine when plug is removed.
Recommended Spark Plug:
NGK R DPR7EA-9
Spark Plug Torque:
12~14 Nm (9~11 ft. lbs.)
Engine / Frame Ground
Inspect engine-to-frame ground cable connection at the starter
motor mount. Be sure it is clean and tight.
2. Remove spark plug.
3. Inspect electrodes for wear and carbon buildup. Look for a
sharp outer edge with no rounding or erosion of the electrodes.
2.18
MAINTENANCE
STEERING AND SUSPENSION
Tie Rod End / Steering Inspection
Steering
1. Elevate front end of ATV so front wheels are off the
The steering components should be checked periodically for loose ground. Check for any looseness in front hub / wheel
fasteners, worn tie rod ends, and damage. Also check to make
assembly by grasping the tire firmly at top and bottom first,
sure all cotter pins are in place. If cotter pins are removed, they
and then at front and rear. Try to move the wheel and hub
must not be re-used. Always use new cotter pins.
by pushing inward and pulling outward.
Replace any worn or damaged steering components. Steering
should move freely through entire range of travel without
binding. Check routing of all cables, hoses, and wiring to be sure
the steering mechanism is not restricted or limited.
Due to the critical nature of the procedures
outlined in this chapter, The steering
component repair and adjustment be
performed by an authorized Goes Dealer.
Only a qualified technician should replace worn
or damaged steering parts. Use only genuine
Goes replacement parts.
2. If abnormal movement is detected, inspect the hub and
wheel assembly to determine the cause.
3. Remove the front wheels.
4. Grasp the steering tie rod and ball joint then pull in all
directions feeling for movement in the tie rod end.
2.19
MAINTENANCE
5. Repeat inspection for inner tie rod end (on steering post).
6. Replace any worn steering components. Steering should
move freely through entire range of travel without binding.
Wheel Alignment
Severe injury or death can result from improper
toe alignment and adjustment.
All tie rod adjustments should be performed
by an authorized Goes dealer.
LUBRICATION / GREASE POINTS
Use the following procedure to check the toe alignment of the
There are grease zerks on the upper and lower A-arms.
vehicle. The recommended toe alignment is 0- 6 mm toe out.
Apply grease until it is visible on the ends of the pivot
1. Set the handlebars in a straight-ahead position.
points.
NOTE: The steering arm can be used as an indicator
of whether the handlebars are straight. The arm
should always point straight back from the steering
post.
2. Place the stands in front of the vehicle, perpendicular to the
rear tires.
3. Tie an elastic string around the stands, making sure the
string just touches the side surface of the rear tires on each side
of the vehicle and goes around the stands in front of the
vehicle.
2.20
MAINTENANCE
Rear Suspension Inspection
BRAKE SYSTEM
Compress and release rear suspension. Damping should be
smooth throughout the range of travel.
1. Check all rear suspension components for wear or damage.
Brake System Inspection
2. Inspect shock for leakage.
system in good operating condition. Service life of brake
The following checks are recommended to keep the brake
system compo
nents depends on operating conditions.
Inspect brakes in accordance with the maintenance schedule
and before each ride.
Brake Lever Travel
Check brake lever travel at the intervals recommended in the
Periodic Maintenance Chart. Service the brakes when brake
lever travel reaches the total lever travel measurement listed in
the table below. Always service the brakes when there is no
longer sufficient stopping ability at the specified lever travel
setting
Inspect the rear shock and spring to ensure proper function. If
the shock is leaking oil, replace it. Inspect the swing arm and
weldments for any sign of damage.
Suspension Spring Adjustment
The rear spring preload can be adjusted. To make preload
adjustments, release bottom fasten ring then turn the adjuster
ring to increase or decrease the amount of preload.
Component
Total Lever Travel
Front brake lever
80mm ( 3.15”)
Rear brake lever
50mm ( 2”)
Brake Lever Travel
Front - 80 mm ( 3”)
Rear - 50 mm ( 2”)
2.22
MAINTENANCE
4. Measure the distance from the string to the rim at the front
• Shorten or lengthen the tie rod until alignment is as required
and rear of the front rim. Rear measurement should be 2-3 mm to achieve the proper toe setting – 0~6mm.
more than the front measurement.
•Important: When tightening the tie rod end jam nuts, the
rod ends must be held parallel to prevent rod end damage
and premature wear. Damage may not be immediately
apparent if done incorrectly. See illustration.
Toe Adjustment
Front Suspension Inspection
If toe alignment is incorrect, measure the distance between
Compress and release front suspension. Damping should be
vehicle center and each wheel. This will tell you which tie rod smooth throughout the range of travel. Inspect the front shocks
needs adjusting.
and springs to ensure proper function. If the shock is leaking
NOTE: Be sure the handlebars are straight ahead
oil, replace it.
before determining which tie rod(s) need
Check all front suspension components for wear or damage.
adjustment.
Check shock mounting fasteners to ensure they are tight.
Inspect A-arm and weldments for any sign of damage.
During tie rod adjustment, it is very important that
the following precautions be taken when
tightening tie rod end jam nuts.
If the rod end is positioned incorrectly it will not
pivot, and may break
To adjust toe alignment:
• Hold tie rod end to keep it from rotating.
• Loosen jam nuts at both end of the tie rod.
2.21
MAINTENANCE
Parking Brake Adjustment
WHEELS AND TIRES
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface.
Wheels
2. Shift the transmission into neutral (if applicable).
Inspect all wheels for runout or damage. Check wheel bolts
3. Elevate the rear of the vehicle by placing a suitable stand
and ensure they are tight. Do not over tighten the wheel bolts.
under the frame. The rear tires should be slightly off the
ground.
Wheel, Hub and Spindle Torque Table
4. While rotating the rear wheels, adjust the nut at the parking
Item
Specification
cable.
Front wheel bolts
30Nm( 22ft. lbs)
5. When you begin to feel a slight drag in wheel rotation,
loosen the wing nut 1~2 full turn.
Rear wheel bolts
30Nm( 22ft. lbs)
Front spindle nut
65Nm( 48ft. lbs)
Rear hub retaining nut
65Nm( 48ft. lbs)
Wheel Inspection
Inspect the front and rear wheel bolts for tightness. Re-torque
the wheel bolts periodically and check before each ride.
6. When fully tight the cable adjusting nut but functions that
Wheel Removal - Front / Rear
must adjust rear caliper parking swing arm.
1. Stop the engine, place the transmission in gear and lock the
7. Tight back the cable adjusting nut then Loosen the fasten
parking brake.
nut at rear caliper.
2. Loosen the wheel bolts slightly.
8. Adjust the bolt when you feel a slight drag in wheel rotation, 3. Elevate the side of the vehicle by placing a suitable stand
loosen the wing nut one full turn.
under the footrest frame.
9. Follow the procedure 1~5 to adjust cable adjusting nut.
4. Remove the wheel bolts and remove the wheel.
10. Verify that the left hand brake functions correctly.
11. Carefully lower the vehicle to the ground.
2.23
MAINTENANCE
Tire Pressure
Tire Pressure Inspection (PSI - Cold)
Front
Rear
5 psi (34.5 kPa)
5 psi (34.5 kPa)
Tire Inspection
Operating an ATV with worn tires will increase
the possibility of the vehicle skidding and
Wheel Installation - Front / Rear
possible loss of control.
1. With the transmission in gear and the parking brake
Worn tires can cause an accident.
locked, place the wheel in the correct position on the wheel
Always replace tires when the tread depth
hub. Be sure the valve stem is toward the outside and
measures 0.3 cm (1/8”) or less.
rotation arrows on the tire point toward forward rotation.
2. Install the wheel bolts and finger tighten them.
3. Lower the vehicle to the ground.
4. Securely tighten the wheel bolts to 22 ft. lbs. (30 Nm)
Maintain proper tire pressure. Refer to the tire
pressure warning decal applied to the vehicle.
Improper tire inflation may affect
ATV maneuverability.
When replacing a tire always use original
If wheels are improperly installed it could affect
equipment size and type.
vehicle handling and tire wear. Be sure to
The use of non-standard size or type tires may
properly torque and install all wheel nuts.
affect ATV handling.
Tire Tread Depth
Always replace tires when tread depth is worn to 1/8” (3 mm)
or less.
2.24
CVT SYSTEM
CHAPTER 3
CVT SYSTEM
CVT SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2
CVT MAINTENANCE / INSPECTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2
DRIVE CLUTCH OPERATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2
DRIVEN CLUTCH OPERATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2
CVT SYSTEM DRYING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3
CVT COVER AND RE-COIL STARTER EXPLODED. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4
DRIVE CLUTCH EXPLODED VIEW. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4
DRIVEN CLUTCH EXPLODED VIEW. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4
CVT OVERHEATING/ DIAGNOSIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 3.5
CLUTCH COVER REMOVAL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.6
SPIKE LOAD SYSTEM REMOVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.7
DRIVEN CLUTCH SERVICE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.9
DRIVEN CLUTCH DISASSEMBLY AND INSPECTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.9
CVT BELT INSPECTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.9
DRIVEN CLUTCH ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.8
DRIVE CLUTCH SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.5
DRIVE CLUTCH DISASSEMBLY AND INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.5
DRIVE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.6
3.1
CVT SYSTEM
CVT SYSTEM
Drive Clutch Operation
Drive clutches primarily sense engine RPM. The major
component which controls shifting function are the shift
centrifugal weights (rollers) inside the moveable sheave.
Whenever engine RPM is increased, centrifugal force is
All CVT maintenance or repairs should be
created, causing the rollers to push against the cam plate and
performed only by a certified Goes Service Dealer
force the moveable sheave toward the drive belt. This motion
technician who has received the proper training
pinches the drive belt between the spinning sheaves and causes
and understands the procedures outlined in this
it to rotate, which in turn rotates the driven clutch. If belt speed
manual. Because of the critical nature and
is sufficient, centrifugal friction shoes on the driven clutch
precision balance incorporated into the CVT
overcome their return spring pressure and swing outward
components, it is absolutely essential that no
against the transmission drive hub, and the vehicle (if in gear)
disassembly or repair be made without factory
begins to move. At lower RPM, the drive belt rotates low in
authorized special tools and service procedures.
the drive clutch sheaves. As engine RPM increases, centrifugal
The Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) consists of
force causes the drive belt to be forced upward on drive clutch
three major assemblies: 1) The Drive Clutch; 2) The Driven
sheaves, changing the ratio of the drive to driven clutch from
Clutch; and 3) The Drive Belt. The internal components of the low to high.
drive clutch and driven clutch control engagement (initial
Driven Clutch Operation
vehicle movement), clutch upshift and backshift. During the
CVT driven clutches primarily sense torque, but also react to
development of a Goes ATV, the CVT system is matched first RPM, applying and retracting the friction shoes according to
the forces applied to it from the drive belt, while at the same
to the engine power curve; then to average riding conditions
and the vehicle’s intended usage. Therefore, modifications or
time reacting to the torque at the transmission input shaft. If
variations of components at random are never recommended.
the torque resistance at the transmission input shaft is greater
Proper clutch setup and careful inspection of existing
than the load from the drive belt, the drive belt is kept at the
components must be the primary objective when
outer diameter of the driven clutch sheaves (low ratio).
troubleshooting and tuning.
As engine RPM and horsepower increase, the load from the
CVT Maintenance / Inspection
drive belt increases, resulting in the belt rotating up toward the
Under normal operation the CVT system will provide years of outer diameter of the drive clutch sheaves and downward into
trouble free operation. Periodic inspection and maintenance is the sheaves of the driven clutch. This action, which increases
required to keep the system operating at peak performance.
the driven clutch speed, is called upshifting.
The following list of items should be inspected and maintained Should the throttle setting remain the same and the vehicle is
subjected to a heavier load, the torque sensing driven clutch
to ensure maximum performance and service life of CVT
components. See “CVT Overheating / Diagnosis” on page 3.4 will close, forcing the drive belt back up toward the outer
diameter of the driven clutch. This also forces the belt
for more information.
1. Drive clutch rollers and bushings. Driven clutch rollers,
downward into the sheaves of the drive clutch. This action,
pins, and spring.
which decreases the driven clutch speed, is called backshifting.
2. Clutch sheave faces. Clean and inspect for wear.
In situations where loads vary and throttle settings are
3. CVT system sealing. The CVT system is air cooled by fins
constant, the drive and driven clutches are continually shifting
on the drive clutch. The fins create a low pressure area around to maintain optimum engine RPM. At full throttle a perfectly
matched CVT system should hold engine RPM at the peak of
the drive clutch. The clutch cover, must be sealed to ensure
water and other contaminants entering the CVT area.
the power curve. This RPM should be maintained during
clutch upshift and backshift. In this respect, the CVT system is
similar to a power governor. Rather than vary throttle position,
as a conventional governor does, the CVT system changes
engine load requirements by either upshifting or backshifting.
3.2
CVT SYSTEM
CVT System Drying
NOTE: If operating the ATV through water, be sure to check the CVT cover and other ATV components for water
ingestion. The ATV should be checked immediately. Refer to Owner’s Manual for Safe Riding Tips.
1. To drain any water that may be trapped inside the CVT area, remove the CVT drain plug and O-ring located on the bottom of the
crankcase and let the water drain out. The CVT drain plug is shown at right.
2. To further expel water from the CVT area cover and to dry out the CVT system, shift the transmission to neutral and rev the
engine slightly to expel the moisture. This will also air-dry the belt and clutches.
3. Allow engine RPM to settle to idle speed, shift transmission to lowest available range and test for belt slippage. Repeat as
needed.
CLUTCH COVER/ RE-COIL STARTER EXPLODED VIEW
3.3
CVT SYSTEM
CVT EXPLODED VIEW
3.4
CVT SYSTEM
CVT OVERHEATING/DIAGNOSIS
During routinemaintenance or whenever CVT system overheating is evident, it’s important to check the inlet and outlet ducting for
obstructions. Obstructions to air flow through the ducts will significantly increase CVT system operating temperatures. The ATV
should be operated in LOW RANGE (if equipped) when pulling or plowing heavy loads, or if extended low speed operation is
anticipated.
GENERAL RANGE OPERATION
Low Range (if equipped): Heavy pulling, basic operational
GUIDELINES:
speeds less than 10Km, riding through rough terrain (swamps,
mountains, etc.), low ground speeds.
High Range: High ground speeds, speeds above 10Km.
Diagnosis of Clutch Drive Belt & Cover Related Issues:
Possible Causes
Solutions/What to do
Loading the ATV into a pickup or tall trailer when in high range. Shift transmission to low range (if equipped) during loading of
the ATV to prevent belt burning.
Starting out going up a steep incline.
When starting out on an incline, use low range (if equipped), or
dismount the ATV after first applying the park brake and perform
the “K” turn.
Driving at low RPM or low ground speed
Drive at higher speed or use Low Range. (if equipped) The use
(at approximately 3--7 MPH).
of Low Range is highly recommended for cooler CVT operating
temperatures and longer component life.
Insufficient warm--up of ATVs exposed to low ambient
Warm engine at least 5 min., then with transmission in neutral,
temperatures.
advance throttle to approx. 1/8 throttle in short bursts, 5 to 7
times. The belt will become more flexible and prevent belt
burning.
Slow and easy clutch engagement.
Fast, effective use of the throttle for efficient engagement.
Continuous operation at the point of engagement (initial vehicle
movement) increases CVT temperatures and component wear.
Towing/Pushing at low RPM/low ground speed.
Use Low Range only. (if equipped)
Plowing snow, dirt, etc./utility use.
Use Low Range only. (if equipped)
Stuck in mud or snow.
Shift the transmission to Low Range (if equipped), carefully use
fast, aggressive throttle application to engage clutch.
Warning: Excessive throttle may cause loss of control and
vehicle overturn.
Climbing over large objects from a stopped position.
Shift the transmission to Low Range (if equipped), carefully use
fast, aggressive, throttle application to engage clutch.
Warning: Excessive throttle may cause loss of control and
vehicle overturn.
Belt slippage from water or snow ingestion into the CVT system. Shift the transmission to neutral. Using the throttle, vary the
engine rpm from idle to 3/4 throttle. Engage transmission in the
lowest possible range (if equipped) and test for belt slippage.
Repeat several times as required. During this procedure, the
throttle should not be held at the full position. CVT seals
should be inspected for damage if repeated leaking occurs.
Clutch malfunction.
Inspection/repair of clutch components should be performed by
a certified Goes MSD techinician.
3.5
CVT SYSTEM
4. Remove the entire re-coil starter bolt.
5. Remove the lock nut, washer, and the re-coil start pawl
from the crankshaft.
Clutch Cover Removal
6. Remove all screws from CVT case and case.
1. Remove the left foot rest.
2. Loosen the duct clamps and slide ducts upward off cover.
3. Remove all screws and cover with re-coil start attached.
7. Use two hands to hold the cam plate and the primary
sliding sheave together when removing the primary
sliding sheave and the cam plate assembly.
This prevents the roller weights from falling out of the
assembly.
3.6
CVT SYSTEM
8. Remove the primary sliding sheave and cam plate
assembly (D) as one assembly.
The re-coil starter
recombination.
bolts
must
with
loctite
when
Spike load system Removal
NOTE: This assembly utilizes a torque limiting system
to prevent transmission damage. Use care removing
the clutch assembly, as the torque—limiting
2. Remove the nut by pincer and air wrench.
components become free and could fall apart. Mark or 3. Pull the entire clutch off as an assembly.
note parts during disassembly.
1. Remove the driven clutch assembly by releasing the
set screw and removing the nut from the shaft.
3.7
CVT SYSTEM
2. Set the driven clutch assembly on a flat surface.
Remove the cover, spring washer stack, and ball
bearing retainer. Inspect components for
excessive wear or damage. Replace components
as required.
Spring Washer Orientation:
Additional 1mm washer can be added here to
increase spring preload
3. Remove the ball bearings. Use a snap--ring pliers
to remove the retainer on the hold cam. Remove the
washer. Inspect the hold cam for excessive spline
wear or damage. Replace the component if required.
3.8
CVT SYSTEM
DRIVEN CLUTCH SERVICE
6. Secure the assembly in a clamping device. To
Driven Clutch Disassembly and Inspection access the driven spring, mark and remove the
4. Inspect the condition of the clutch drum. Measure the outer sheave retaining nut. Remove the friction
inside diameter of the cover at 90 degree intervals using pad assembly and driven spring.
a caliper. Inspect the condition and diameter of the drum
lining. If either the measurements or the lining indicates
excessive wear, replace the clutch cover.
7. Use a caliper to check the length of the compression
spring. At full extension, the measurement should be no
less than 130 mm. If out of specification, replace the
spring.
Spring pressure can cause components to eject
suddenly. Use care during removal.
5. Inspect the condition of the clutch drum. Measure
the inside diameter of the cover at 90 degree
intervals using a caliper. Inspect the condition
and diameter of the drum lining. If either the
measurements or the lining indicates excessive
wear, replace the clutch cover.
Driven Compression Spring
Service Limit:
130 mm ( 51.2”)
8. Remove the outer roller pin cover by turning and
pulling up on the cover. Replace the 2 o--rings.
Driven Clutch Friction Pad
Service Limit: 2 mm (0.078”)
Driven Clutch Hub I. D.
Service Limit: 153 ﹢0.2 mm
3.9
CVT SYSTEM
9. Remove the rollers and pins using a needle—nose
pliers and inspect all components. Replace if any
damage or excess wear is found. Replace the o--rings
and seals anytime the driven is apart.
12. Have an assistant available for final assembly.
Install the compression spring. Place the friction pad
assembly over the spring and compress the driven
assembly together with both hands. With the assembly
compressed and the threads exposed, have an assistant
thread a new retaining nut onto the shaft. Secure the
assembly in a clamping device and torque the retaining nut
to 80 Nm.
10. To replace the friction shoes, remove the e—clips
that retain the backing plate. Use a suitable tool to
remove and install the springs connecting the shoes,
using care not to over--stretch the springs more than is
necessary.
NOTE: Outer sheave retaining nut replacement is strongly
recommended. Use Loctite 272 on the threads during
reassembly.
CVT BELT INSPECTION
1. Inspect the surface of the drive belt for uneven
wear or grease deposits. Using a caliper,
measure the width of the belt. The service limit of
the belt is 24 mm. If the width of the belt is
less than the service limit, or if the belt is worn,
glazed or hour--glassed, replace.
11. To reassemble the driven assembly, reverse the
disassembly procedures. Fill the outer sheave cavity
with fresh grease and slide onto the inner sheave shaft.
Align and insert the (2) roller/pin assemblies. Install new
o--rings and the outer roller pin cover. Place the washer
onto the threaded shaft and apply Loctite 272 to the
threads.
CVT Drive Belt Width
Service Limit:24mm
3.10
CVT SYSTEM
3. Install the drive belt on driven clutch and move belt as far
into the sheaves as possible.
1. Insert new seals into the outer sheave assembly. Fill the
outer sheave cavity with fresh grease and slide onto the inner 4. Loop the belt over the drive clutch and install driven clutch
on transmission shaft.
sheave shaft. Align and insert the roller/pin assemblies.
5. Install driven clutch hub, then the retaining nut and O-ring.
Install new o-rings and the outer roller pin cover. Place the
washer onto the threaded shaft and apply Loctite 272 to the Torque retaining nut to specification.
threads.
Driven Clutch Assembly
2. Have an assistant available for final assembly. Install the
compression spring. Place the friction pad assembly over the
spring and compress the driven assembly together with both
hands. With the assembly compressed and the threads
exposed, have an assistant thread a new assembly nut onto the
shaft. Secure the assembly in a clamping device and torque
the assembly nut to specification.
Driven Clutch Nut Torque:
90-110 Nm (66-80 ft.lbs.)
Set Screw: Loctite 272
Driven Assembly Nut Torque
80 Nm (59 ft. lbs.)
3.11
CVT SYSTEM
DRIVE CLUTCH SERVICE
Drive Clutch Disassembly and Inspection
1. Remove outer drive clutch sheave and drive belt. Note parts 6. Inspect sheave faces (E) for grooves or wear. Check
assembly order.
bushings (F) and seals in the moveable sheave. The sleeve
2. Slide sheave and cam plate off crankshaft as an assembly.
should be a close, smooth fit in the bushings and seals should
NOTE: When removing primary sliding sheave and cam fit tightly on the sleeve.
plate assembly, hold cam plate and sliding sheave
together. This prevents the rollers from falling out of
the assembly.
3. Remove cam plate.
4. Inspect surface of sleeve for wear, pitting, or damage.
7. Remove and inspect each roller. Replace as a set if any
have flat spots or if worn (they should be cylindrical).
5. Inspect cam plate for wear on surface (B) and splines (C).
Replace cover guides (D) as a set.
8. Inspect the roller tracks (G) and both sides of the cam
plate tabs (H) for wear.
3.12
CVT SYSTEM
Drive Clutch Assembly
5. Open the sheaves of the secondary clutch and push the belt
1. Apply a very light film of grease to the seal lips and drive
down between the sheaves.
clutch sleeve. Then install the sleeve.
2. Install all rollers with open end facing inward toward
divider (A) (the side with inner bushing visible.)
3. Install the cam plate.
6. Install the driven clutch on the transmission input shaft,
looping the belt onto the drive clutch sleeve as shown.
7. Pinch the belt in the middle and install the outer drive
clutch sheave as far as possible. Hold outer sheave in place.
8. Install the claw washer, engaging the inner spline of the
washer on the crankshaft and the outer claws in the sheave.
9. Install the kick start drive hub, making sure the inner
splines (C) are engaged on the crankshaft.
4. Install the bushing, primary sliding sheave and cam plate
assembly.
NOTE: When installing the primary sliding sheave
and the cam plate assembly, hold the assembly
together to prevent the rollers from dislodging.
10. Install flat washer and nut and torque to specification.
Drive Clutch Lock Nut Torque:
100 Nm ( 74ft-lbs)
3.13
ENGINE
CHAPTER 4
ENGINE
ENGINE SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.3
ENGINE EXPLODED VIEWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3
ENGINE EXPLODED VIEWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4
OIL FLOW DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.5
PISTON IDENTIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.6
ACCESSIBLE COMPONENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.6
ENGINE REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.6
ENGINE INSTALLATION NOTES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.7
ENGINE LUBRICATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.8
OIL FOLW TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.8
TOP-END DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.8
CAM CHAIN TENSIONER REMOVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.8
CAM CHAIN TENSIONER INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.9
ROCKER ARM/ SHAFT DISASSEMBLY AND INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.9
CAMSHAFT REMOVAL AND INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .4.10
CAMSHAFT INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.11
CYLINDER HEAD REMOVAL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.12
CYLINDER HEAD INSPECTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.12
CYLINDER HEAD WARP INSPECTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.13
COMBUSTION CHAMBER INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.13
CYLINDER HEAD DISASSEMBLY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.13
VALVE INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.14
VALVE SEAT RECONDITIONING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.15
VALVE SEAT INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.15
CYLINDER HEAD RECONDITIONING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .4.15
CYLINDER HEAD ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.17
VALVE SEALING TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.18
BOTTOM-END DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.18
CYLINDRE REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.19
CAM CHAIN FOLLOWER/ TENSIONER BLADES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.19
CYLINDER INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.19
CYLINDER HONE SELECTION/ HONING PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.20
HONING TO DEGLAZE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.20
PISTON INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.21
PISTON RING INSTALLED GAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.22
ALTERATOR/ STSTER/ OIL PUMP EXPLODED VIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.23
STERTERDRIVE GEAR REMOVAL/ INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.24
FLYWHEEL REMOVAL / INSPECTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.25
FLYWHEEL/ ONE-WAY CLUTCH REMOVAL/ INSPECTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.25
4.1
ENGINE
OIL PUMP DRIVE SPROCKET REMOVAL/ INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.25
OIL PUMP REMOVAL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.26
CRANKCASE DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.26
CRANKCASE SEPARATION AND CAM CHAIN REMOVAL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.26
CRANKSHAFT REMOVAL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .4.27
CRANKSHAFT/ CAM & OIL CHAIN/ SPROKET INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.27
CRANKCASE/ BEARING INSPECTIO. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.28
CRANCASE OIL STRAINER INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.28
BEARING/ SEAL INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.28
ENGINE RESASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.29
CRANKSHAFT AND CAM/ OIL CHAIN INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.29
OIL PUMP AND CHAIN INSTALLATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.30
PISTON RING INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.31
PISTON INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.31
TENSIONER BLADE INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.33
CYLINDER HEAD AND CAMSHAFT INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.33
CAMSHAFT TIMING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.34
CAMSHAFT INSTALLATION- TIMING METHOD 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.34
CAMSHAFT INSTALLATION- TIMING METHOD 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.35
ROCKER SHAFT/ ARM INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.36
CAM CHAIN TENSIONER INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.36
INTAKE VALVE CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.39
EXHAUST VALVE CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.39
FLYWHEEL INSTALLATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.............
.4.39
STATER DRIVE ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.39
STATOR HOUSING INSTALLTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 4.40
TROUBLESHOOTING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.40
SPARK PLUG FOULING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.40
ENGINE TURN OVER BUT FAILSTART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.41
ENGINE DOES NOT TURN OVER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.41
ENGINE RUNS BUT WILL NOT IDLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.41
ENGINE IDLE BUT WILL NOT REV UP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.41
ENGINE HAS LOW POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.41
PISTON FAILURE- SCORING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.41
EXCESSIVE SMOKE AND CARBON BUILDUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.41
LOW COMPRESSION . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.41
BACKFIRING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.41
4.2
ENGINE
ENGINE EXPLODED VIEW
4.3
ENGINE
4.4
ENGINE
OIL FLOW DIAGRAM
4.5
ENGINE
The following components require engine removal
for service:
1. Cam Chain and Sprockets
The piston have an identification mark for piston
2. Cylinder Head
placement.
3. Cylinder
4. Piston/RIngs
Note the directional and identification marks when
5. Camshaft
viewing the pistons from the top. The letters “IN” must
6. Crankshaft
always be toward the intake side of the engine.
7. Crankshaft Main Bearings
8. Crankcase
The other numbers are used for identification as to
9. Transmission
diameter, length and design. Four stroke engine rings are
10. Valves
rectangular profile. The numbers or letters on all rings
NOTE: Cam chain service requires crankshaft
(except oil control rings) must be positioned upward. See removal, as the chain is located on the pto side of the
engine.
text for oil control ring upper rail installation. Use the
NOTE: Crankshaft components are not serviceable.
information below to identify pistons and rings.
Replace crankshaft as an assembly.
PISTON IDENTIFICATION
ENGINE REMOVAL
ACCESSIBLE COMPONENTS
The following components can be serviced or
removed with the engine installed in the frame:
1. Flywheel
2. Alternator/Stator
3. Starter Motor/Starter Drive
4. Oil pump
5. Rocker Arms
6. Carburetor
7. Transmission
_
1. Clean work area.
2. Thoroughly clean the ATV engine and chassis.
3. Disconnect battery cables.
4. Drain engine oil.
5. Drain radiator water.
6. Disconnect spark plug high tension lead.
7. Disconnect all electrical wires from the engine.
8. Disconnect radiator tubes.
9. Remove the following parts as required.
◎ Seat
◎ Left and Right Side Covers
◎ Fuel Tank Cover / Front Cab
◎ Fuel Tank
10. Remove exhaust pipe.
11. Remove airbox.
12. Remove carburetor. Insert a clean shop towel into the
carburetor flange to prevent dirt from entering the intake
port.
13. Starter motor. Note ground cable location. Mark
positive (+) cable mounting angle and remove cable.
14. Remove transmission link rod(s) from gear selector
and secure out of the way.
15. Remove engine to chassis ground cable.
16. Refer to Chapter 5 to remove the swing arm and drive
shaft assemblies.
17. Remove all engine mount nuts and / or engine mount
plates.
18. Remove engine through left side of frame.
4.6
ENGINE
Front engine mount, left hand
ENGINE INSTALLATION
NOTES
After the engine is installed in the frame, review this
checklist and perform all steps that apply.
General Items
Install previously removed components using
new gaskets, seals, and fasteners where applicable.
◎
◎ Perform regular checks on fluid levels, controls, and
all important areas on the vehicle as outlined in the daily
pre-ride inspection checklist (refer to Chapter 2).
CVT System
Front engine mount, right hand
◎ Clean clutch sheaves thoroughly and inspect inlet and
outlet ducts for proper routing and sealing.
◎ Inspect clutch rollers, shoes and springs before
reassembly.
Transmission
◎ Inspect transmission operation and adjust linkage if
necessary.
Exhaust
◎ Replace exhaust gaskets. Seal connections if desired
with high temp sealant.
Rear engine mount
◎ After running the engine, verify all bolted exhaust
connections are tight and in good condition.
Engine Mount Torque
◎ Front Mount – 80Nm
◎ Rear Mounts –80Nm
Engine Break In Period
4 Cycle Engine Break-In Period is defined as the first
10 hours of engine operation or 2 full tanks of fuel.
◎ Use only All Season Synthetic Oil, or API certified
“SH” oil.
◎ Use fuel with a minimum octane of 87 (R+M)/2
method.
◎ Change break-in oil and filter at 20 hours or 100 miles,
whichever comes first.
Radiator System
◎ Use only 50% coolant water( 50% Ethylene Glycol and 50%
water) in radiator, do not fill only water.
_
4.7
ENGINE
ENGINE LUBRICATION
4. Align single (TDC) mark on flywheel with in the
Oil Type 0--40W Synthetic oil.
inspection hole, and the cam sprocket pin (facing upward)
Capacity Approximately 1800 cc
aligned with the camshaft to crankshaft center line.
Drain Plug/ Screen Fitting 20 Nm . . . . . .
NOTE: The sprocket marks align with gasket surface, the
Oil Pressure Specification: Continuous oil flow out
of stator housing plug hole at Idle RPM. 0W--40 Synthetic cam lobes should be pointing down and the valves should
have clearance at this point.
OIL FLOW TEST
Oil temperature can cause serious injury and
damage. Wear the proper safety gear when
performing these procedures.
NOTE: Due to the engine assembly having amajority of
roller bearings, oil pressure readings hot or cold will be
very low. Low oil pressure is not an indication of a oil
delivery problem.
1. Remove center plug from the stator housing on the
5. Remove the two cam chain tensioner flange bolts.
crankcase.
2. Insert a M6x8--1.00 oil pressure gauge adaptor into the
CAUTION
crankcase and attach a low pressure gauge (0--10psi /
The plunger is under spring tension.
0--70kpa).
Maintain inward pressure while removing.
3. Start engine and allow it to reach operating
temperature while monitoring gauge indicator.
Any pressure above zero is an indication of good oil flow.
TOP-END DISASSEMBLY
CAM CHAIN TENSIONER REMOVAL
1. Remove oil fill cap from the stator housing and valve
cover.
To position crankshaft at Top Dead Center (TDC) on
compression stroke:
2. Rotate engine slowly in the direction of rotation
watching intake valves open and start to close.
3. Continue to rotate engine slowly while watching
camshaft sprocket marks and the mark in the timing
2. Using a small flat blade screwdriver, turn the tensioner
inspection hole.
clockwise to retract the plunger. The plunger should
move smoothly in and out of the tensioner body.
3. Replace entire tensioner assembly if any part is worn
or damaged.
_
4.8
ENGINE
CAM CHAIN TENSIONER INSPECTION
1. Allow cam chain tensioner plunger to extend outward
to the end of its travel. Inspect tensioner
(A) and plunger (B) for wear or damage.
4. Mark or tag rocker arms and shafts to keep them in
order for assembly.
ROCKER ARM/SHAFT DISASSEMBLY AND 5. Inspect each rocker arm cam follower surface. If there
is any damage or uneven wear, replace the rocker arm.
INSPECTION
NOTE: Orientation of the components is important for
NOTE: Always inspect camshaft lobe if rocker arms are
worn or damaged.
reassembly. Mark all components before disassembly.
1. Loosen each of the four cylinder head bolts evenly 1/4
turn each time in a cross pattern until loose.
6. Remove each rocker arm shaft using the 10 mm hex
bolt that secures the lock plate.
NOTE: Placing the hex bolt in a vise and lightly tapping
the rocker assembly with a non--marring hammer may be
required to pull stuck rocker arm shafts.
2. Remove bolts and tap the cam support tower with a
plastic hammer until loose.
3. Remove the rocker shaft locking plate.
_
4.9
ENGINE
7. Measure O.D. of rocker shafts for out--of --round.
Inspect them for wear or damage. Replace if excessive
wear is evident.
NOTE: Orientation of the rocker shafts is important for
reassembly. Place only the exhaust rocker shaft into the
exhaust side of the cam support.
9. Inspect rocker adjuster screws for wear, pitting, or
damage to threads of the adjuster or locknut. Replace all
worn or damaged parts.
NOTE: The end of the adjuster is hardened and cannot
be ground or re-faced.
8. Measure I.D. of each rocker arm for out-of—round and
visually inspect the I.D. surface. Replace arm if excessive
wear is evident.
CAMSHAFT REMOVAL AND INSPECTION
NOTE: Cam chain tensioner must be removed before
performing this procedure.
1. Remove the 4 cylinder head bolts evenly by loosening
each one 1/4 turn at a time until loose.
Tap the rocker assembly with a non—marring hammer to
loosen the assembly.
Rock Arm ID: 10.10mm
Rocker Arm OD: 9.91mm
2. Remove the cam chain from the sprocket by tilting the
cam assembly and simultaneously lifting the chain.
4.10
ENGINE
3. If not removing the cylinder for other service, secure
Cam Lobe Height
the cam chain with a wire to prevent it from falling into the
crankcase.
Intake
4. Inspect cam sprocket teeth for wear or damage.
Std: 35.16 mm
Replace if necessary.
Limit: 35.11 mm
Exhaust
Std: 35.05 mm
Limit: 35.00 mm
2. Thoroughly clean the cam shaft
3. Measure height of each cam lobe using a micrometer.
Replace cam if worn below minimum height.
Replace camshaft if damaged or if any part is worn
excessively.
CAMSHAFT INSPECTION
1. Visually inspect each cam lobe and bearing for wear,
chafing or damage.
4.11
ENGINE
CYLINDER HEAD REMOVAL
NOTE: Cam chain and tensioner must be removed.
If no crankshaft service is being performed, secure cam
chain with mechanics wire to avoid chain drop into the
crankcase.
1. Loosen each of the four cylinder head bolts evenly
1/4 turn each time in a cross pattern until loose.
4. Remove intake manifold nuts.
5. Remove cylinder head and head gasket.
2. Remove the cylinder bolts and tap the cam support
tower with a plastic hammer until loose. Remove.
3. After removing the the camshaft and securing the
cam chain, tap cylinder head lightly with a plastic
hammer until loose.
CAUTION
Tap only in reinforced areas or on thick parts of
cylinder head casting to avoid damaging casting.
4. Remove the thermostatic.
4.12
ENGINE
Cylinder Head Inspection
CYLINDER HEAD DISASSEMBLY
1. Thoroughly clean cylinder head surface to remove all traces
of gasket material and carbon.
Use care not to damage sealing surface. If there is
damage found on the cylinder head combustion
chamber, it is recommended the component be
replaced.
Wear eye protection or a face shield during cylinder
head disassembly and reassembly.
NOTE: Keep all parts in order with respect to their
location in the cylinder head.
NOTE: Valves have inner and outer springs.
1. Using a valve spring compressor, compress the valve
springs and remove the split keeper.
NOTE: To prevent loss of tension, do not compress the
valve spring more than necessary.
CYLINDER HEAD WARP INSPECTION
1. Lay a straight edge across the surface of the head at
several different points and measure warp age by
inserting a feeler gauge between the straight edge and
the cylinder head surface. If warp age exceeds the
service limit, replace the cylinder head.
2. Remove spring retainer and spring.
NOTE: The valve springs should be positioned with the
tightly wound coils against the cylinder head on
progressively wound springs.
3. Push valve out, keeping it in order for reassembly
in the same guide.
Cylinder Head Warp Limit:
0.05mm
COMBUSTION CHAMBER INSPECTION
Clean all accumulated carbon deposits from combustion
chamber and valve seat area with a soft wire brush.
Inspect the combustion chamber for cracks and/or
damage from foreign debris.
4.13
ENGINE
4. Measure free length of the inner and outer springs with
VALVE INSPECTION
a caliper.
1. Remove all carbon from valve with a soft wire wheel.
2. Check valve face for runout, pitting, and burnt spots.
To check for bent valve stems, mount valve in a drill or
use “V” blocks and a dial indicator.
Valve Spring Free Length
Outer Spring Limit: 42.0mm
Inner Spring Limit: 31.3mm
5. Check spring for squareness as shown. Replace spring 3. Check end of valve stem for flaring, pitting, wear or
if measurements are out of specification.
damage (A).
NOTE: Replace seals whenever the cylinder head is
4. Inspect split keeper groove for wear or flaring of the
disassembled. Hardened, cracked or worn valve seals
keeper seat area (B).
will cause excessive oil consumption and carbon buildup. NOTE: The valves cannot be re-faced or end ground.
They must be replaced if worn, bent, or damaged.
4.14
ENGINE
5. Measure diameter of valve stem with a micrometer in
VALVE SEAT RECONDITIONING
three places and in two different directions (six
Valve Seat Inspection
Inspect valve seat in cylinder head for pitting, burnt spots,
roughness, and uneven surface. If any of the above
conditions exist, the valve seat must be reconditioned. If
the valve seat is cracked the cylinder head must be
replaced.
measurements total). Replace if excessive wear is
evident.
Valve Stem OD LIMIT:
Intake Valve Limit: 4.975mm
Exhaust Valve Limit: 4.955mm
6. Measure valve guide inside diameter at the top middle Cylinder Head Reconditioning
NOTE: Servicing the valve guides and valve seats
and end of the guide using a small hole gauge and a
requires special tools and a thorough knowledge of
micrometer. Measure in two directions, front to back and reconditioning techniques. Follow the instructions
side to side.
provided in the Valve Seat Reconditioning Kit.
Wear eye protection when performing cylinder head
service. Valve guide replacement will require heating of
the cylinder head. Wear gloves to prevent burns.
Follow the manufacturers instructions provided with the
valve seat cutters in the Valve Seat Reconditioning Kit.
Abrasive stone seat reconditioning equipment can also
be used. Keep valves in order with their respective seat.
7. Subtract valve stem measurement to obtain stem to
guide clearance.
NOTE: Valve seat width and point of contact on the
valve face is very important for proper sealing. The
valve must contact the valve seat over the entire
circumference of the seat, and the seat must be the
proper width all the way around. If the seat is uneven,
compression leakage will result. If the seat is too wide,
combination individually.
8. Replace valve and/or guide if clearance is excessive. seat pressure is reduced, causing carbon accumulation
and possible compression loss. If the seat is too narrow,
NOTE: If valve guides are replaced, valve seats must be
heat transfer from valve to seat is reduced and the valve
reconditioned. Refer to Valve Seat Reconditioning for
may overheat and warp, resulting in burnt valves.
NOTE: Be sure to measure each guide and valve
procedure.
4.15
ENGINE
1. Install pilot into valve guide.
5. To check the contact area of the seat on the valve face,
apply a thin coating of PrussianBluetpaste to the valve
seat. If using an interference angle (46°) apply black
marker to the entire valve face (A).
2. Apply cutting oil to valve seat and cutter.
6. Insert valve into guide and tap valve lightly into place a
3. Place 46° cutter on the pilot and make a light cut.
few times.
7. Remove valve and check where the Prussian Bluit or
black marker indicates seat contact on the valve face.
The valve seat should contact the middle of the valve
face or slightly above, and must be the proper width (A).
4. Inspect the cut area of the seat. If the contact area is
less than 75% of the circumference of the seat, rotate the
pilot 180° and make another light cut.
If the cutter now contacts the uncut portion of the seat,
check the pilot. Look for burrs, nicks, or run out. If the pilot
is bent it must be replaced.
If the contact area of the cutter is in the same place, the
valve guide is distorted from improper installation and
◎ If the indicated seat contact is at the top edge of the
valve face and contacts the margin area(B) it is too high
proper temperature and replace the guide.
on the valve face. Use the 30° cutter to lower the valve
If the contact area of the initial cut is greater than 75%, seat.
continue to cut the seat until all pits are removed and a ◎ If too low use the 60° or 75° cutter to raise the seat.
When contact area is centered on the valve face,
new seat surface is evident.
measure seat width.
NOTE: Remove only the amount ofmaterial necessary to
◎ If the seat is too wide or uneven, use both top and
repair the seat surface.
bottom cutters to narrow the seat.
◎ If the seat is too narrow, widen using
the 45° cutter and re-check contact point on the valve
face and seat width after each cut.
must be replaced. Be sure the cylinder head is at the
4.16
ENGINE
CYLINDER HEAD ASSEMBLY
Wear eye protection during assembly.
NOTE: Assemble the valves one at a time tomaintain
proper order.
NOTE: When using an interference angle, the seat
1. Install new valve seals on valve guides.
contact point on the valve will be very narrow, and is a
normal condition. Look for an even and continuous
contact point on the black marker, all the way around the
valve face.
8. Clean all filings from the area with hot soapy water,
2. Apply engine oil to valve guides and seats.
rinse, and dry with compressed air.
3. Coat valve stem with molybdenum disulfide grease.
9. Lubricate the valve guides with clean engine oil, and
apply oil or water based lapping compound to the face of 4. Install valve carefully with a rotating motion to avoid
damaging valve seal.
the valve. Lapping is not required with an interference
angle.
5. Dip valve spring and retainer in clean engine oil and
10. Insert the valve into its respective guide and lap using
install spring with closely spaced coils toward the cylinder
a lapping tool or a section of fuel line connected to the
head.
valve stem.
11. Rotate the valve rapidly back and forth until the cut
sounds smooth. Lift the valve slightly off of the seat,
rotate 1/4 turn, and repeat the lapping process. Do this
four to five times until the valve is fully seated, and repeat
process for the other valve.
12. Clean cylinder head, valves, and camshaft oil supply
passages thoroughly.
13. Spray electrical contact cleaner into oil passages and
dry using compressed air.
4.17
ENGINE
ENGINE BOTTOM END DISASSEMBLY
Cylinder Removal
Follow engine disassembly procedures to remove valve
cover, camshaft and rocker arms, and cylinder head.
1. Remove cam chain guide at front of cylinder.
2. Remove the two 6 mm cylinder base bolts.
6. Place retainer on spring and install valve spring
compressor. Compress spring only enough to allow split
keeper installation to prevent loss of spring tension.
Install split keepers with the gap even on both sides.
3. Remove coolant tube from cylinder.
7. Repeat procedure for remaining valve.
8. When all valves are installed, tap lightly with soft faced
hammer on the end of the valves to seat the split
keepers.
4. Tap cylinder lightly with a plastic hammer in reinforced
areas only until loose.
VALVE SEALING TEST
1. Clean and dry the combustion chamber area.
2. Pour a smallamount of cleaning solvent into each port
and check for leakage around each valve.
The valve seats should hold fluid with no seepage.
4.18
ENGINE
4. Rock cylinder forward and backward and lift it from the 3. Remove the compression rings, starting with the top
crankcase, supporting piston and connecting rod.
ring.
Support piston with Piston Support Block.
CAM CHAIN FOLLOWER /TENSIONER
BLADES
1. Remove bolt securing tensioner blade to crankcase A.
*Using a piston ring pliers: Carefully expand ring and lift
it off the piston.
2. Remove blades and inspect for cracks, wear, or damage.
Do not expand the ring more than the amount necessary
PISTON REMOVAL
to remove it from the piston, or the ring may break.
1. Remove circlip. Note that opening for circlip access is
*By hand: Placing both thumbs as shown, spread the
on the exhaust side.
2. Remove piston circlip and push piston pin out of piston. ring open and push up on the opposite side. Use care to
If necessary, heat the crown of the piston slightly with a not scratch the ring lands.
4. Repeat procedure for second ring.
propane torch.
5. The oil control ring is a three piece design consisting of
a top and bottom steel rail and a center expander section.
Remove the top rail first followed by the bottom rail and
Do not apply heat to the piston rings. The ring may lose expander.
radial tension.
CYLINDER INSPECTION
1. Remove all gasket material from the cylinder sealing
surfaces.
2. Inspect the top of the cylinder for warpage using a
straight edge and feeler gauge.
Cylinder Warp:
0.05 mm MAX
4.19
ENGINE
3. Inspect cylinder for wear, scratches, or damage.
4. Inspect cylinder for taper and out of round with a
telescoping gauge or a dial bore gauge. Measure in two
different directions, front to back and side to side, on
three different levels (10mm down from top, in the middle,
and 10mm up from bottom).
HONING TO DEGLAZE
A finished cylinder should have a cross-hatch pattern to
ensure piston ring seating and to aid in the retention of
the fuel/oil mixture during initial break in. Hone cylinder
according to hone manufacturer’s instructions, or these
guidelines:
◎ Use a motor speed of approximately 300-500 RPM,
run the hone in and out of the cylinder rapidly until cutting
tension decreases. Remember to keep the hone drive
shaft centered (or cylinder centered on arbor) and to
bring the stones approximately 1.3 cm above and below
the bore at the end of each stroke.
◎ Release the hone at regular intervals and inspect the
bore to determine if it has been sufficiently deglazed, and
to check for correct cross--hatch.
5. Record measurements. If cylinder is tapered or out of
NOTE: Do not allow cylinder to heat up during
round beyond specification, the cylinder must be honed,
honing.
bored, or replaced.
◎ After honing has been completed, inspect cylinder for
Cylinder Taper
Limit: 0.05mm Max.
Cylinder Out of Round
Limit: 0.05mm Max.
CYLINDER HONE SELECTION/HONING
PROCEDURE
thinning or peeling.
IMPORTANT: Clean the Cylinder After Honing
It is very important that the cylinder be thoroughly
cleaned after honing to remove all grit material. Wash the
cylinder in a solvent, then in hot, soapy water. Use
electrical contact cleaner if necessary to clean these
areas. Rinse thoroughly, dry with compressed air, and oil
A hone which will straighten as well as remove material
from the cylinder is very important. Using a common
spring loaded glaze breaker for honing is not advised.
Goes recommends using a rigid hone or arbor honing
machine. Cylinders may be wet or dry honed depending
upon the hone manufacturer’s recommendations. Wet
honing removes more material faster and leaves a more
distinct pattern in the bore.
the bore immediately with 4 Cycle Lubricant to prevent
the formation of surface rust. If cylinder wear or damage
is excessive, it will be necessary to replace the cylinder.
Hone only enough to deglaze the outer layer of the
cylinder bore.
4.20
ENGINE
PISTON INSPECTION
1. Measure piston outside diameter at a point 7mm up
4. Measure piston pin O.D. Replace piston pin if
out--of--round.
from the bottom of the piston at a right angle to the
direction of the piston pin.
5. Measure connecting rod small end ID. Replace
crankshaft if out--of--round.
2. Subtract this measurement from the maximum cylinder
measurement obtained earlier.
Piston to Cylinder Clearance
Std: 0.02-0.05 mm
Limit: 0.1 mm
3. Measure piston pin bore. Replace piston if
out--of--round
6. Measure piston ring to groove clearance by placing the
ring in the ring land and measuring with a thickness
gauge. Replace piston and rings if ring-to-groove
clearance exceeds service limits.
4.21
ENGINE
PISTON RING INSTALLED GAP
1. Place each piston ring inside cylinder using piston to
push ring squarely into place as shown.
Piston Ring Installed Gap
Top Ring
Std: 0.1--0.3 mm
Limit: 0.8 mm
Second Ring
Std: 0.35--0.5 mm
Limit: 1.0 mm
Oil Ring
Std: 0.2-0.7 mm
Limit: 1.5 mm
2. Measure the gap with a feeler gauge at both the top
and bottom of the cylinder.
NOTE: Measure at two points in the cylinder
A difference in end gap indicates cylinder taper.
The cylinder should be measured for excessive taper
and out of round.
3. If the installed gap measurement exceeds the limit,
replace the rings. If using new rings and the
measurement is too small, file the ring ends to achieve
the proper gap.
NOTE: Always check piston ring installed gap after
re-boring a cylinder or when installing new rings. A
re-bored cylinder should always be scrubbed
thoroughly with hot soapy water, rinsed, and dried
completely. Wipe cylinder bore with an oil rag
immediately to remove residue and prevent rust.
4.22
ENGINE
ALTERATOR/ STATER/ OIL PUMP EXPLODED VIEW
NOTE: The CVT system, starter motor, starter drive, flywheel, stator, oil pump and
transmission can be serviced with the engine in the frame.
4.23
ENGINE
STARTER DRIVE GEAR REMOVAL/
INSPECTION
5. Inspect gear teeth on starter drive. Replace starter
drive if gear teeth are cracked, worn, or broken.
1. Remove water pump tube.
2. Take off water pump bolts.
3. Tap water pump lightly with a plastic hammer in
reinforced areas only until loose.
FLYWHEEL REMOVAL / INSPECTION
The crankshaft end contains an oil passage plunge
joint (A) as shown below. The plunger must be able to
move in and out freely. Avoid damage to the
crankshaft end or plunge joint and spring, which can
cause loss of oil pressure, resulting in severe engine
damage.
1.Remove the oil passage plunge joint, flywheel nut and
washer.
1. Remove stator housing bolts and remove housing.
2. Remove the start drive gear and shaft by pulling the
shaft and tilting the gear slightly. Flywheel removal
generally is not required
2.Install Flywheel Puller.
.
3. Measure the OD of the starter drive shaft on both
ends for out--of--round.
4. Measure the ID of the bushing in the stator housing
3. Remove flywheel.
(A) and in the crankcase (B) in two directions 90° apart
CAUTION
to determine if out--of--round. Calculate clearance.
Do not hammer or strike the tool while attached to the
Replace components if clearance is excessive.
crankshaft end, which may become damaged.
4.24
ENGINE
FLY WHEEL/ ONE-WAY CLUTCH
REMOVAL / INSPECTION
1. Remove the hex bolts that attach the one—way
drive clutch to the flywheel.
OIL PUMP DRIVE SPROCKET REMOVAL /
INSPECTION
1. Remove the oil pump shield.
2. The outer chain is oil and water pump drive chain.
2. Inspect the bearing surfaces and drive teeth for
signs of wear or gouging. Replace the one-way clutch
as an assembly if it is not working properly.
The inner chain is cam chain.
3. Remove pump chain drive sprocket circlip and chain
from pump drive shaft and crankshaft.
NOTE: One--way clutch components are not
serviceable. Replace the component as an assembly.
3. To reattach the one way assembly, apply
Loctitet 272 to the retaining screw threads.
Torque to specification.
One--Way Clutch Screw Torque: 10 Nm
4.25
ENGINE
4. Inspect sprocket teeth for wear or damage.
CRANKCASE DISASSEMBLY
NOTE: Engine must be removed from the frame to
perform any crankcase or crankshaft removal.
NOTE: The starter, starter drive, flywheel, stator, oil
pump and transmission can be serviced with the engine
in the frame.
CRANKCASE SEPARATION AND CAM
CHAIN REMOVAL
NOTE: Stator housing, flywheel and gears have are
5. Replace any worn or damaged parts.
previously removed for this procedure. Use care during
OIL PUMP REMOVAL
the removal process to avoid damage to the cam chain.
NOTE: Oil pump is not a serviceable assembly.
NOTE: Valve train and cylinder removal must be
performed prior to this procedure.
NOTE: Always replace the pto crankshaft seal after
performing this procedure.
1. Remove 4 flange bolts (circled) from the right side
crankcase.
1. Remove the oil pump retaining screws.
2. Inspect the sprockets and chain for wear or damage.
Inspect chain for worn or missing rollers or damage.
Replace chain anytime the oil pump is replaced or if
excessively worn.
2. Separate crankcase using a hydraulic tool or by
pressing on the pto end of the crankshaft using special
tool.
NOTE: Remove the right hand crankcase with a soft
faced hammer may also separate the cases. Use care
not to damage the crankshaft end.
4.26
ENGINE
CRANKSHAFT / CAM & OIL CHAIN /
SPROCKET INSPECTION
1. Inspect the crankshaft main bearings and cam and oil
pump chain sprocket for wear or damage.
3. Watch the gap along the crankcase mating surface and
separate the crankcase evenly.
4. Once the crankshaft bearing is free from the case,
NOTE: Due to extremely close tolerances and
the crankshaft and cam chain can be removed by
minimal wear, the bearings must be inspected
hand for service.
visually, and by feel. Look for signs of discoloration,
scoring or galling. Turn the outer race of each
CRANKSHAFT REMOVAL
bearing.
1. Remove right hand crankcase with soft faced hammer. The bearings should turn smoothly and quietly. The inner
2. Press the crankshaft out. Use care not to damage the race of each bearing should fit tightly in the crankshaft.
crankshaft oil passage on the right end crankshaft end.
The outer race should be firm with minimal side to side
NOTE: Use care not to damage the crankshaft end.
movement and no detectable up and down movement.
2. Replace the crankshaft if the components fail visual
inspection.
4.27
ENGINE
CRANKCASE / BEARING INSPECTION
NOTE: Removal and installation of new seals is
recommended anytime the crankcase is disassembled.
1. Inspect the bearings in the crankcase.
NOTE: Due to extremely close tolerances and minimal
side wear, the bearing must be inspected visually and by
feel. Look for signs of discoloration, scoring or galling.
Turn the inner race of bearing. The bearing should turn
smoothly and quietly. The outer race should fit tightly in
the crankcase. The inner race should be firm with minimal
side to side movement and no detectable up and down
movement.
3. The connecting rod utilizes a roller bearing. Clearance
2. To remove crankcase bearings, use a blind hole
is minimal and cannot be measured. Visually inspect
bearing puller.
bearing journal for scoring, damage or excessive wear.
NOTE: Bearings are stressed during the removal
Replace crankshaft if it fails visual inspection.
procedure and should not be re-used.
3. Remove all traces of gasket sealer from the crankcase
mating surfaces. Inspect the surfaces closely for nicks,
burrs or damage.
CRANKCASE OIL STRAINER INSPECTION
1. Remove drain plug.
2. Remove oil strainer and visually inspect for any rips,
tears or obstructions in screen.
4. Inspect the clearance of connecting rod big end and flywheel 3. Replace oil strainer if it fails visual inspection.
by feeling gauge. If clearance is excessive replace the
BEARING /SEAL INSTALLATION
crankshaft assembly.
NOTE: To ease crankcase bearing installation, warm the
Connecting rod clearance limit:
0.5 mm
5. Inspect chain for worn or missing rollers or damage.
crankcase until hot to the touch. Placing the bearing in a
freezer prior to installation will assist the assembly
process.
Replace if worn excessively or as part of any crankshaft 1. Install the bearing so the numbers are visible.
repair.
2. Drive or press the new bearing into the crankcase,
using the proper driver.
CAUTION
Press only on outer race of bearing to prevent bearing
damage.
3. Install new seals with the lip facing in.
CAUTION
Press only on outer diameter to prevent damage.
4.28
ENGINE
CRANKCASE REASSEMBLY
3. Install a new gasket onto the right hand crankcase half.
Applying a thin amount of crankcase sealer to the gasket
Crankshaft and Cam/ Oil Chain Installation
will help hold it in place.
Lubricate all bearings with clean engine oil before
assembly.
1. Support the crankcase on blocks.
2. Install the balance shaft. Turn the flat up.
4. Install 4 flange bolts (circled) from the right side
crankcase.
NOTE: Use care not to damage the crankshaft end.
3. Install the PTO end of the crankshaft.
Crankcase Bolt Torque:
20 Nm(15ft. lbs)
NOTE: Use care not to damage the crankshaft end.
The balance shaft flat must square with crankshaft
PTO end.
4.29
ENGINE
5. Loop the cam chain through the chain room and secure 3. Install chain on oil pump and crankshaft sprocket then
with mechanic’s wire.
place oil pump sprocket into oil pump shaft
OIL PUMP AND CHAIN INSTALLATION
5. Install the circlip into oil pump shaft.
NOTE: Oil pump is not a servicable assembly. Do not
disassemble pump. Replace entire component.
1. Inspect the oil pump sealing surface on the crankcase.
Apply a liberal amount of engine oil to the surfaces and
pump.
2. Install oil pump as shown. Torque screws to specified
torque.
6. Install oil pump shield.
Oil Pump Cover Screw Torque:
8 Nm
NOTE: Do not use gasket sealer on the pump mating
surfaces.
4.30
ENGINE
PISTON RING INSTALLATION
NOTE: Apply clean engine oil to all ring surfaces and ring
lands. Always check piston ring installed gap before rings
are installed on piston. If the piston has been in service,
clean any accumulated carbon from the ring grooves and
oil control ring holes.
1. Place the oil control ring expander in oil ring groove
with the end gap facing forward. The expander has no up
or down marking and can be installed either way. The
ends should butt squarely together and must not overlap.
2. Install the oil ring top rail with the end gap at least
30° from the end of the expander.
3. Install the bottom rail with the gap at least 30° from the
PISTON INSTALLATION
CAUTION: Do not re-use circlips. Circlips become
deformed during the removal process. Do not compress
the new clip more than necessary to prevent loss of radial
tension. Severe enginedamage may result if circlips are
re-used or deformed during installation.
1. Install a new circlip on one side of the piston with the
end gap facing up or down.
2. Apply clean engine oil to the piston rings, ring lands,
piston pin bore, piston pin, and piston skirt.
Lubricate the connecting rod (both ends) and crankshaft
main bearing area.
3. IMPORTANT-- Install the piston on the connecting
rod with the ’IN” casting mark facing the intake side
of engine. The piston pin should be a push fit into the
piston.
end of the expander on the side opposite the top rail gap.
4. Install the second ring with the mark facing up.
Position the end gap toward the rear (intake) side of the
piston.
4. Install the other circlip with the gap facing up or down.
5. Install the top ring with the chamfered edge facing up. (See Caution with Step 3 above). Push the piston pin in
6. Check to make sure the rings rotate freely in the
both directions to make sure the clips are properly seated
groove when compressed by hand.
in the groove.
5. Place the dowel pins in the crankcase and install a new
cylinder base gasket.
6. Lubricate the piston and rings with assembly lube and
install a ring compressor on the piston assembly. Verify
that the ring gaps are 120° apart from each other before
installation.
4.31
ENGINE
7. Push the rings into the taper using a metallic,
9. Place piston into blunt--edge tool.
blunt--edge tool while holding the cylinder down.
This will help push the piston past the ring taper into the
cylinder.
9. Use non-metallic rod to push piston until piston through
the tool to cylinder.
8. Up-side-down cylinder then place the blunt--edge tool
on cylinder. Align it with cylinder.
4.32
ENGINE
TENSIONER BLADE INSTALLATION
1. Install the tensioner blade and tighten the mounting
bolt to specified torque.
3. Install the cam chain guide and dowel pins into the
cylinder. Verify the bottom end is seated properly in the
crankcase.
4. Pull the cam chain through the cylinder chain room
and secure with mechanic’s wire.
Tensioner Blade Mounting Bolt Torque:
10 Nm (7.4 ft. lbs.)
CYLINDER INSTALLATION
5. Position crankshaft at Top Dead Center (TDC) on
compression stroke.
NOTE: Clean the gasket surfaces on the crankcase
and cylinder. Remove all traces of old gasket material
and apply a new base gasket
1. Install the dowel pin(s). Install an new base gasket
onto the mating surface and install the piston into
cylinder.
NOTE: Route cam chain through the cylinder chain
room and secure it, holding it up while rotating the
engine to avoid damage to the chain, drive sprocket
teeth or tensioner blade.
2. Apply clean engine oil liberally to the bore and
CYLINDER HEAD AND CAMSHAFT
INSTALLATION
tapered area of the cylinder. Place the cylinder on to the NOTE: Clean the gasket surfaces on the cylinder head
and cylinder. Remove all traces of old gasket material.
studs.
1. Install the dowel pin(s) and a new cylinder head
gasket.
4.33
ENGINE
2. Pull the cam chain through the cylinder head chain
room and secure with mechanic’s wire.
3. Place the cylinder head on the cylinder.
When the stator housing is installed, use Method 2
This method establishes accurate Top Dead Center
(TDC) by aligning the single mark on the flywheel with the
notch in the timing inspection hole (see Method 2).
The camshaft sprocket alignment marks are parallel to
the gasket surface, and camshaft lobes are pointing
down. The cam chain plate links are not used to time the
camshaft.
Camshaft Installation - Timing Method 1
Refer to Illustration Page 4.37
Stator housing is removed: NOTE: Use this method only
when the stator is removed and cam shaft drive sprocket
is in view.
1. Rotate the crankshaft until the keyway on the
crankshaft is pointed ’UP” (keyway facing upward).
4. Install the cam according to the “Cam Shaft
2. Align the cam chain onto the teeth of the crankshaft
Timing” procedure. Verify the cam chain is in place
sprocket. Use a wire to pull the chain up through the
around the crankshaft gear.
cylinder and cylinder head and to hold it in place. Secure
NOTE: Verify camshaft timing procedure before installing the chain.
the rocker shaft assembly.
3. Apply grease, or engine assembly lubricant to the
CAMSHAFT TIMING
camshaft main journals and cam lobes. Lubricate
automatic compression release mechanism with clean
engine oil.
4. Orientate the camshaft with the lobes facing
Serious engine damage may result if the camshaft is
downward.
not properly timed to the crankshaft.
5. Disconnect the wire securing the cam chain and loop
the cam chain over the sprocket while verifying the cam is
IMPORTANT CAMSHAFT TIMING NOTE:
inserted with the alignment marks parallel to the gasket
In order to time the camshaft to the crankshaft, the
surface.
piston must be precisely located at Top Dead Center
(TDC). This can be accomplished using one of two
methods.
1. Install the cam chain over the crankshaft.
When the stator housing is removed, use Method 1
This method uses the camshaft gear marks and the
crankshaft keyway to establish TDC. It is important to
note that this method can only be used when the stator
housing is removed and the crankshaft keyway is in view.
The camshaft sprocket alignment marks are parallel to
the gasket surface, and camshaft lobes are pointing
down. The cam chain plate links are not used to time the
camshaft.
4.34
ENGINE
6. Check all cam timing marks to verify proper cam
timing, and install the rocker arm assembly.
3. Apply grease , or molybdenum disulfide grease to the
Torque the cylinder stud nuts to specification.
camshaft main journals and cam lobes. Lubricate
NOTE: Do not rotate engine until tensioner and rocker
automatic compression release mechanism with clean
assembly is installed.
engine oil.
7. Install the tensioner and rocker assembly.
4. Orientate the camshaft with the lobes facing
8. After tensioner installation, rotate engine at least two
downward.
revolutions and re-check marks/timing.
5. Disconnect the wire securing the cam chain and loop
Camshaft Installation - Timing Method 2
Refer to Illustration Page 4.38
the cam chain over the sprocket while verifying the cam is
inserted with the alignment marks parallel to the gasket
Stator housing is installed: NOTE: Use this method only surface.
when the stator is installed and cam shaft drive sprocket 6. Check all cam timing marks to verify proper cam
is in view.
timing, and install the rocker arm assembly.
1. Rotate the crankshaft until the single (TDC ) timing Torque the cylinder stud nuts to specification.
mark (Top Dead Center) on the flywheel is view in the NOTE:Do not rotate engine until tensioner and rocker
center of the timing inspection window.
assembly is installed.
Be sure to use the single TDC mark when installing the 7. Install the tensioner and rocker assembly.
cam. Do not use any advance marks (if evident).
8. After tensioner installation, rotate engine at least two
revolutions and re-check marks/timing.
2. Align the cam chain onto the teeth of the cam chain
drive sprocket. Use a wire to pull the chain up through the
cylinder and cylinder head and to hold it in place. Secure
the chain.
4.35
ENGINE
ROCKER SHAFT/ARM INSTALLATION
7. Adjust valves according to the “VALVE
1. Assemble arms, shafts and decompression
CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT PROCEDURES” ,
components into cam support.
Page4.39.
8. Install rocker cover and torque bolts to specification.
CAM CHAIN TENSIONER INSTALLATION
1. Using a small flat blade screwdriver, turn the
tensioner clockwise to retract the plunger (B) all
the way into the tensioner body.
2. Install and tighten rocker shaft locking plate.
Tighten to specification.
3. Apply engine assembly lube to the cam lobes and cam
follower surfaces.
4. Verify the cam lobes are pointing downward before
installing rocker assembly.
5. Apply clean engine oil liberally to the valve springs,
cam chain, rocker arms, and camshaft.
6. Install cylinder head nuts and torque to specification.
2. With the plunger retracted, install the tensioner
assembly with a new gasket and tighten the bolts to
specification.
Tensioner Bolt Torque:
10 Nm
(7.4 ft. lbs.)
3. Install the tensioner cap. Torque cap to specification.
Tensioner Cap Torque:
10 Nm
(7.4 ft. lbs.)
4. Slowly rotate engine two to three revolutions and
re-check cam timing once chain is tight.
4.36
ENGINE
CAMSHAFT TIMING - METHOD 1
Method 1 - Camshaft Timing with Stator Housing Removed
Sprocket marks aligned with gasket surface at TDC on
compression stroke (cam lobes facing downward)
4.37
ENGINE
CAMSHAFT TIMING - METHOD 2
Method 2 - Camshaft Timing Using Flywheel TDC Mark
Sprocket marks aligned with gasket surface at TDC on
compression stroke (cam lobes facing downward)
Cam Timing
(View through timing inspection hole)
Position crankshaft at TDC
4.38
ENGINE
INTAKE VALVE CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT
1. Verify cam lobes are pointed down.
FLYWHEEL INSTALLATION
2. Insert a 0.1mm feeler gauge between end of intake
1. Install flywheel key, flywheel washer, and nut.
valve stem and adjuster screw.
Torque flywheel nut to specification.
3. When clearance is correct, hold adjuster screw and
tighten locknut securely.
4. Re-check the valve clearance.
5. Repeat adjustment procedure if necessary until
clearance is correct with locknut secured.
VALVE CLEARANCE
0.1 mm
Flywheel Nut Torque:
100 Nm with
STARTER DRIVE ASSEMBLY
1. Be sure the washer is positioned on the back of the
drive gear.
EXHAUST VALVE CLEARANCE
ADJUSTMENT
1. Verify cam lobes are pointed down.
2. Insert a 0.1mm feeler gauge between end of exhaust
valve stem and adjuster screw.
3. Loosen locknut and turn adjuster screw until there is a
slight drag on feeler gauge.
4. When clearance is correct, hold adjuster screw and
tighten locknut securely.
2. Apply Starter Drive Grease
5. Re-check the valve clearance.
the cases and all moving surfaces of the starter drive
6. Repeat adjustment procedure if necessary until
gears and install.
clearance is correct with locknut secured.
3. Install stator housing and torque bolts to specification.
to the drive bushings in
VALVE CLEARANCE
0.1 mm
4.39
ENGINE
STATOR HOUSING INSTALLATION
SPARK PLUG FOULING
TROUBLESHOOTING
NOTE: The stator, flywheel, starter drive, and stator
◎ Spark plug cap loose or faulty
can be serviced with the engine in the frame.
◎ Choke cable adjustment or plunger/cable sticking
1. Apply a light amount of Crankcase Sealant to the
◎ Foreign material on choke plunger seat or plunger
mounting surface and install a new gasket. Install the
◎ Incorrect spark plug heat range or gap
dowel pins.
◎ Carburetor inlet needle and seat worn
◎ Jet needle and/or needle jet worn or improperly
adjusted
◎ Excessive carburetor vibration (loose or missing
needle jet locating pins)
◎ Loose jets in carburetor or calibration incorrect for
altitude/temperature
◎ Incorrect float level setting
◎ CVT system calibrated incorrectly or components
worn or mis-adjusted
◎ Fuel quality poor (old) or octane too high
◎ Low compression
2. Seal stator wire grommet with Crankcase Sealant.
◎ Restricted exhaust
3. Install the housing. Torque bolts in sequence to
◎ Weak ignition (loose coil ground, faulty coil, or stator,)
specification.
◎ Restricted air filter (main or pre-cleaner) or breather
system
◎ Improperly assembled air intake system
◎ Restricted engine breather system
◎ Oil contaminated with fuel
◎ Restricted crankcase vent
Stator Cover Bolt Torque:
8 Nm (6 ft. lbs.)
4.40
ENGINE
TROUBLESHOOTING
Piston Failure - Scoring
Engine Turns Over But Fails to Start
◎ Lack of lubrication
◎ No fuel
◎ Dirt entering engine through cracks in air filter or ducts
◎ Dirt in fuel line or filter
◎ Engine oil dirty or contaminated
◎ Fuel will not pass through fuel valve
Excessive Smoke and Carbon Buildup
◎ Fuel pump inoperative/restricted
◎ Worn rings, piston, or cylinder
◎ Tank vent plugged
◎ Excessive piston-to-cylinder clearance
◎ Carb starter circuit
◎ Worn valves, guides or seals
◎ Engine flooded
◎ Restricted crankcase vent
◎ Low compression (high cylinder leakage)
◎ Air filter dirty or contaminated
◎ No spark (Spark plug fouled)
Low Compression
Engine Does Not Turn Over
◎ Decompressor stuck
◎ Dead battery
◎ Cylinder head gasket leak
◎ Starter motor does not turn
◎ No valve clearance or incorrectly adjusted
◎ Engine seized, rusted, or mechanical failure
◎ Cylinder or piston worn
◎ Kickstart components damaged
◎ Piston rings worn, leaking, broken, or sticking
Engine Runs But Will Not Idle
◎ Bent valve or stuck valve
◎ Restricted carburetor pilot system
◎ Valve spring broken or weak
◎ Carburetor misadjusted
◎ Valve not seating properly (bent or carbon
◎ Choke not adjusted properly
accumulated on valve area)
◎ Low compression
◎ Rocker arm sticking
◎ Crankcase breather restricted
Backfiring
◎ Air filter restriction
◎ ETC or speed limiter system malfunction
Engine Idles But Will Not Rev Up
◎ Fouled spark plug or incorrect plug or plug gap
◎ Spark plug fouled/weak spark
◎ Carburetion faulty - lean condition
◎ Broken throttle cable
◎ Intake / Exhaust system air leaks
◎ Obstruction in air intake
◎ Ignition system faulty:
◎ Air box removed (reinstall all intake components)
◎ Spark plug cap cracked/broken
◎ Incorrect or restricted carburetor jetting
◎ Ignition coil faulty
◎ Reverse speed limiter limiting speed
◎ Ignition or kill switch circuit faulty
◎ Carburetor vacuum slide sticking/diaphragm damaged ◎ Ignition timing incorrect
◎ Incorrect ignition timing
◎ Sheared flywheel key
◎ Restricted exhaust system
◎ Poor connections in ignition system
◎ Cam Lobe worn
◎ System wiring wet
Engine Has Low Power
◎ Cam lobe worn or Valve sticking
◎ Spark plug fouled
◎ Lean condition
◎ Cylinder, piston, ring, or valve wear or damage (check
compression)
◎ CVT not operating properly
◎ Restricted exhaust muffler
◎ Dirty carburetor
◎ Cam lobe worn
4.41
TRANSMISSION
CHAPTER 5
TRANSMISSION
TRANSMISSION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1
TRANSMISSION ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2
TRANSMISSION DISASSEMBLY AND INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2
SHIFT SYSTEM REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2
TRANSMISSION DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3
TRANSMISSION INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4
DRIVE SHAFT REMOVAL AND INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4
SHIFT FORK INSPECTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5.5
MIAN SHAFT REMOVAL AND INSPECTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.5
COUNT SHAFT INSPECTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5.6
OUTPUT SHAFT REMOVAL AND INSPECTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.6
SHIFT DRUM REMOVAL AND INSPECTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.7
TRANSMISSION REASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.7
TROUBLE SHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.9
GEAR WILL NOT ENGAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.9
POPS OUT OF GEAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.9
NOIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.9
5.1
TRANSMISSION
Transmission Assembly
TRANSMISSION
Shift System Removal
Transmission Disassembly and Inspection
1. Remove right footwell.
NOTE: Engine removal is not required to service
2. Remove sprocket cover and drive sprocket.
transmission components. Process shown below is with
3. Remove shift cables from the bracket.
engine removed for clarity.
1. Drain the transmission oil from the gear case (A) and engine
oil from crankcase (B).
5.2
TRANSMISSION
4. Remove shift cover and cables bracket screws.
8. Remove the shift shaft by pulling straight outward.
9. Remove detent ball, spring and socket bolt.
10. Remove shift detent.
5. Remove shift cover and the bracket.
6. Remove gasket and discard.
7. Note timing of shift shaft before removing. The center tooth
on shift shaft is positioned between the two dots on the drum Transmission Disassembly
1. Remove the cover screws.
teeth.
2. Remove cover or with output shaft. Push or tap on shift shaft
to keep it in the case.
3. Remove gasket and discard.
5.3
TRANSMISSION
4. Remove output shaft
7. If input shaft or gear requires service, remove driven clutch
5. Remove main shaft and shift fork as an assembly.
as outlined in CVT Chapter.
6. Remove the counter shaft.
8. Remove above two bolts.
9. Remove input shaft from CVT side by plastic hammer until
loose.
Note: Do not lose those two washers.
Transmission Inspection
NOTE: Always wear the appropriate protective gear and
use caution when operating a press.
Drive shaft removal and inspection
1. With transmission components removed, inspect all shaft
bearings visually and by feel. Bearings should roll smoothly,
without excessive movement or noise. Replace any bearing
that is removed, as the removal process destroys the bearing.
2. Bearings can be removed using a standard blind bearing
remover. Apply lithium grease to outer race of new bearings
and press into cover or case by the outer race. Do not press on
inner race or bearing will be damaged.
5.4
TRANSMISSION
3. The sealed drive shaft bearing has a snap ring that
must be removed then drive shaft bearing can be
removed.
4. Assemble the drive shaft, bearing, a new snap ring.
2. Substantial axial movement in the forward drive gear is due
to liberal oil clearance for the bushing, and is a normal
condition. Gear replacement is not required due to axial
movement if radial movement (shown in Step 6) passes
inspection.
Shift fork inspection
3. Radial movement should not exceed 0.05 mm.
1. Inspect the shift fork (B) for scoring or signs of wear. Area
C should not show contact.
Main shaft removal and inspection
3. Remove the snap ring from main shaft.
1. Inspect sliding gear dogs (E) and dog slots in the mating
gears
(F) for wear or damage. The edges of dogs and slots should be
square and not rounded. Replace both sliding gear and mating
gears if any edges are rounded or chipped.
5.5
TRANSMISSION
4. Remove forward gear and dog components until next snap
ring.
Snap ring pressure can cause rings and pliers to eject
suddenly. Use care during removal.
7. Inspect the shaft and gears visually without excessive wear
or crack. Replace any damaged components.
8. Assemble the reverse gear, washer, a new snap ring, and the
sliding gear on the shaft.
9. Assemble the forward gear, washer, bush and a new snap
ring, on the shaft.
5. Remove second snap ring from main shaft.
Counter shaft inspection
1. Inspect the shaft and gears visually without excessive wear
or crack. Replace any damaged components.
6. Remove reverse gear components.
Output shaft removal and inspection
1. Remove the snap ring from output shaft.
5.6
TRANSMISSION
2. Remove the gear ring from output shaft.
3. Inspect the shaft and shaft excessive wear or crack.
1. Place the counter shaft into case.
4. Assemble the output gear and a new snap ring on the shaft.
2. Place main shaft washer on bearing housing.
Shift drum removal and inspection
Spring pressure can cause components to eject suddenly.
Use care during removal. Always wear the appropriate
protective gear
1.
Remove shift sensor from drum shaft.
3.
Place main shaft into case. Ensure the forward gear toward
inside.
NOTE: Drum shaft components are not serviceable.
Replace Drum shaft as an assembly.
Transmission Reasssembly
NOTE: Lubricate all bearings with clean transmission oil
before assembly.
Clean the gasket surfaces on the crankcase and
transmission cover. Remove all traces of old gasket
material and apply a new base gasket
5.7
TRANSMISSION
4. Install the drum shaft. Ensure the shift sensor toward
inside.
5. Use caution when installing the gear position indicator
spring and pin located in the end of the drum shaft.
6. Insert shift fork into main shaft dog and drum then install
fork shaft.
9. Install the drum detent and shift teeth. Ensure all dots must
6. Place flat washer on output shaft bearing.
7. Install the output shaft.
11. Check transmission operation before final assembly, and
on center position.
10. Install detent bolt and fasten to 10Nm.
after installing outer cover.
FORWARD
8. Install the transmission cover then fasten all bolts to 12Nm.
NEUTRAL
REVERSE
Transmission cover Bolt Torque:
12 Nm
(8.8 ft. lbs.)
5.8
TRANSMISSION
11. Install detent ball, spring, o-ring and bolt.
Transmission Trouble shooting
Gear Will Not Engage
• Shift arm indexed incorrectly
• Shift cables loosened
• Shift cables broken
• CVT Belt broken
• Internal trans gear damage
• Shift fork broken or bent
• Shift shaft broken
Pops Out Of Gear
12. Install the shift cover then fasten bolts to 10Nm.
• Shift arm indexed incorrectly
•Shift cables loosened
• Detent spring or ball missing, worn, or broken
• Gear engagement dogs worn (rounded) or broken
• Shift fork bent
Noise
• Incorrect transmission lubricant
• Lubricant level too low
• Lubricant level too high
• Bearings worn or damaged
• Gears worn or damaged
13. Install shift cables to the bracket.
• CVT problem (belt)
14. Install the drive sprocket and sprocket cover.
• Final drive (chain or sprockets) worn or damaged
15.Fill
5.9
FUEL SYSTEM
CHAPTER 6
FUEL/CARBURATOR
CARBURETION SYSTEM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2
CARBURETOR FUNCTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2
CARBURETION SPECIFICATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.3
OPERATION OVERVIEW. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.3
CARBURETOR OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.4
CARBURETOR EXPLODED VIEW . . . . . … . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.4
HIGH ALTITUDE OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.4
CARBURETOR JETTING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.4
FLOAT SYSTEM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.5
PILOT JET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.5
AIR MIXTURE SCREW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.5
AIR / FUEL MIXTURE RATIO. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.6
JET NEEDLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.6
NEEDLE JET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.6
THROTTLE OPENING VS. FUEL FLOW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.7
THROTTLE SLIDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.7
MAIN JET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.7
PILOT SYSTEM (IDLE - 3/8 THROTTLE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.8
SLIDE CUTAWAY (1/8 - 3/8 THROTTLE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.8
JET NEEDLE / NEEDLE JET (3/8 - 3/4 THROTTLE). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.9
MAIN SYSTEM (3/4 TO FULL THROTTLE). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.9
FUEL DELIVERY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.10
VENT SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.10
CARBURETOR CLEANING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.10
CARBURETOR REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.11
CARBURETOR REMOVAL - GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.11
CARBURETOR DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.12
THROTTLE VALVE AND CHOKE DISASSEMBLY. . . . . . . . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.13
AIR CUTTING VALVE DISASSEMBLY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.13
CARBURETOR INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.14
FLOAT HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.15
CARBURETOR ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.15
NEEDLE AND SEAT LEAK TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.15
FUEL LEVER TEST. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.16
FUEL TANK EXPLODED VIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.17
FUEL TANK LOCATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.17
FUEL TANK REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.18
AIR CLEANER EXPLODED VIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.19
AIR CLEANER REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.19
TROUBLESHOOTING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.21
FUEL STARVATION / LEAN MIXTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.21
RICH MIXTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.21
POOR IDLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.21
6.1
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
Carburetor Function
Carburetor Component Function
System
Gasoline is extremely flammable and explosive under
Main
Main
Main
Components Function
Affect
certain conditions.
Float System
Inlet Pipe, Needle Maintains
All systems; all
Always stop the engine and refuel outdoors or in a well
Level Control)
and Seat, Float
specified fuel
throttle ranges
ventilated area.
and
level in float
Do not overfill the tank. The tank is at full capacity when
Float Pin
chamber
the fuel reaches the bottom of the filler neck. Leave
(carburetor float
room for expansion of fuel.
bowl).
Passages in
Supplies
All systems; all
Gasoline powered engine exhaust fumes are poisonous
carburetor and
atmospheric
throttle ranges.
and can cause loss of consciousness and death in a
vent lines.
pressure to float
Never start the engine or let it run in an enclosed area.
Venting
chamber.
short time.
Never drain the float bowl when the engine is hot.
Starter
Choke Lever,
Severe burns may result.
(Choke Plate)
Cable, and Choke additional fuel air ranges. Greatest
Do not smoke or allow open flames or sparks in or near
Butterfly
Supplies
All throttle
mixture
effect low throttle
the area where refueling is performed or where gasoline
necessary for
settings and idle.
is stored.
cold starting.
If you get gasoline in your eyes or if you should swallow
gasoline, seek medical attention immediately.
Pilot
Pilot Jet /
Primarily
Mainly idle
If you spill gasoline on your skin or clothing,
Idle System)
Passageways,
supplies fuel at
1/4 throttle.
immediately wash with soap and water and change
Pilot–Mixture
idle and low
Minimal effect
clothing.
Screw with Spring throttle positions. after 1/2 throttle.
Washer and
Sealing O–Ring,
Pilot Outlet and
Throttle Valve.
Main System
Main Jet, Main Air Supplies fuel at
1/4 to full throttle.
Passage, Needle mid–range and
Jet, Jet Needle,
high throttle
Throttle Valve.
settings.
6.2
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
Carburetion Specifications
Operation Overview
GOES 300 S KEIHIN
Type
PTG With ACV
Air Screw
1 Circuit
Jet Needle
2MKNN
Slide Valve
B34
Pilot Jet
#38S
Main Jet
#108
E-clip Position
4th From Top
The engine of a vehicle is operated under a wide range of
conditions, from idling with the throttle valve remaining
almost closed, to full load or maximum output with the throttle
valve fully opened. In order to meet the requirements for the
proper mixture ratio under these varying conditions, a low
speed fuel system, or pilot system, and a main fuel system are
provided in these type of carburetors.
The function of a carburetor is to produce a combustible
air/fuel mixture by breaking fuel into tiny particles in the form
of vapor, to mix the fuel with air in a proper ratio, and to
deliver the mixture to the engine. A proper ratio means an
ideal air/fuel mixture which can burn without leaving an
excess of fuel or air. Whether the proper mixture ratio is
maintained or not is the key to efficient engine operation.
This carburetor has varying operations depending upon
varying driving conditions. It is constructed of a float system,
pilot system, main system, and starter system or initial starting
device.
6.3
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
CARBURETOR OPERATION
NOTE: It is strongly recommended that Carbon Clean be CARBURETOR JETTING
added regularly as directed to the fuel systems. Carbon IMPORTANT: The following guidelines must be followed
Clean stabilizes the fuel, preventing clogging of the small when establishing a main jet setting:
1. Select the lowest anticipated temperature at which the
passages and orifices common to Youth ATV
carburetors, and ensures constant performance, reliability machine will be operated.
2. Determine the lowest approximate altitude at which the
and easier starting.
machine will be operated.
HIGH ALTITUDE OPERATION
3. Select the correct main jet according to the engines
The 2005 Phoenix has been tested to 12,000 ft above
sea level to assure satisfactory performance. No jetting or fuel/performance requirements.
clutching changes are required for high altitude operation.
NOTE: If desired, removing one CVT roller weight from
each tower of the drive clutch and fine--tuning the
A main jet that is too small will cause a lean
carburetor with optional jetting may provide a slight
operating condition resulting in serious engine
improvement in high altitude performance, but generally
damage. Select the correct main jet carefully for
is not needed.
elevation and temperature according to the charts in
the Specifications section or in the Owner’s Safety
and Maintenance Manual for each particular model.
6.4
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
Float System
Air Mixture Screw
The float system is designed to maintain a constant height of
The pilot mixture screw controls the fuel mixture from idle to
gasoline during operation. When the fuel flowing from the fuel low speeds. The tapered tip of the mixture screw projects into
pump into the float chamber through the needle valve reaches the fuel mixture passage leading to the pilot jet air bleeds. By
the constant fuel level, the floats rise. When the buoyancy of
turning the screw in or out, the cross sectional area of the air
the float and the fuel pressure of the fuel pump balance, the
passage is varied, in turn varying the pilot jet air supply and
needle valve seals the orifice in the needle seat, preventing
changing the mixture ratio.
further fuel delivery, and the level of fuel in the bowl remains
relatively constant.
The fuel level in the bowl assists in controlling the amount of
fuel in the fuel mixture. Too high a level allows more fuel than
necessary to leave the nozzle, enriching the mixture. Too low a The airscrew is calibrated at the factory to meet EPA /
level results in a leaner mixture, since not enough fuel leaves CARB regulations for air quality standards. Cleaning of
the nozzle. Therefore, the predetermined fuel level should not
the pilot circuit must be performed by a certified repair
be changed arbitrarily.
shop to ensure air quality standards are not exceeded.
Pilot Jet
From idling to low speeds, the fuel supply is metered by the
pilot jet. There are several air bleed openings in the sides of the
pilot jet which reduce the fuel to mist. The number stamped on
the jet is an indication of the amount of fuel in cc’s which
passes through the jet during a one minute interval under a
given set of conditions.
6.5
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
Air / Fuel Mixture Ratio
Jet Needle
The jet needle has five adjustment grooves cut into the upper
portion, and is tapered from approximately the middle of the
needle to the lower end. The top is fixed to the center of the
throttle valve by the needle clip, and the tapered end extends
into the needle jet. Fuel flows through the space between the
needle jet and jet needle. This space does not vary until the
throttle reaches the 1/4 open point. At that time the tapered
portion of the needle begins to move out of the jet, affecting
fuel flow as the opening enlarges. If the needle clip is changed
from the standard position to a lower groove, the needle taper
starts coming out of the jet sooner, resulting in a richer
mixture. Moving the clip higher produces a leaner mixture. If
the taper is worn due to vibration, fuel flow may be
significantly affected.
A carburetor with a slide type throttle valve is also called a
variable venturi type carburetor. In this type of carburetor, the
needle jet and jet needle serve to control proper air/fuel
mixture ratio at the medium throttle valve opening (between
1/4 and 3/4 opening).
Having the proper needle jet and jet needle has a major impact
on engine performance at partial load. The jet needle tapers off
at one end and the clearance between the jet needle and the
needle jet increases as the throttle valve opening gets wider.
The air/fuel mixture ratio is controlled by the height of the “E”
clip inserted into one of the five slots provided in the head of
the jet needle. The previous chart shows the variation of fuel
flow based on the height of the “E” clip.
Needle Jet
The needle jet works in conjunction with the jet needle to
regulate fuel flow rate. An air bleed opening in the side of the
needle jet brings in air measured by the air jet. This air initiates
the mixing and atomizing process inside the needle jet.
6.6
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
Throttle Opening vs. Fuel Flow
Main Jet
In a full throttle condition the cross sectioned area between the
When the throttle opening becomes greater and the area
jet needle and the needle jet is larger than the cross sectioned
area of the main jet. The main jet therefore has greater control between the needle jet and jet needle increases, fuel flow is
metered by the main jet. The number on the jet indicates the
over fuel flow.
amount of fuel
CCs which will pass through it in one minute under controlled
conditions. Larger numbers give a greater flow, resulting in a
richer mixture.
Throttle slide
The throttle slide controls the rate of engine air intake by
moving up and down inside the main bore. At small throttle
openings, air flow control is performed chiefly by the cutaway.
By controlling air flow the negative pressure over the needle
jet is regulated, in turn varying the fuel flow.
Main jets are screwed directly into the needle jet base.
Throttle valves are numbered 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, etc., according to
the size of the cutaway. The higher the number, the leaner the
gasoline/air mixture.
6.7
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
Pilot System (Idle - 3/8 Throttle)
Slide Cutaway (1/8 - 3/8 Throttle)
The pilot system’s main function is to meter fuel at idle and
Throttle valve cutaway effect is most noticeable at 1/4 throttle
low speed driving. Though its main function is to supply fuel
opening. The amount of cutaway is pre-determined for a given
at low speed, it does feed fuel continuously throughout the
engine to maintain a 14:1 air/fuel ratio at part throttle. A steep
entire operating range.
angle would indicate a fairly lean mixture because there is less
Fuel for the pilot jet is drawn from the float bowl, mixed with resistance to air flow. A flat angle would provide a much
air regulated by the air screw, and delivered to the engine
richer mixture because there is more resistance to air flow.
through the pilot outlet.
The venturi shape can be adjusted for each engine’s breathing
The mixture is regulated to some degree by adjusting the air
characteristics by using a different valve cutaway angle. A
screw. When the air screw is closed, the fuel mixture is made
number will be stamped into the bottom of the valve (e.g. 2.5)
richer as the amount of air is reduced. When the air screw is
indicating the size of the cutaway. The higher the number, the
opened, the mixture is made more lean as the amount of air is
steeper the angle.
Increased.
6.8
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
Jet Needle / Needle Jet (3/8 - 3/4 Throttle)
Main System (3/4 to Full Throttle)
The main system is designed for delivering fuel between low
The jet needle and needle jet have the most effect between 3/8
speed and high speed operation. This system is made up of the
and 3/4 throttle opening. Some mixture adjustment can be
jet needle, needle jet, and main jet. The main system begins to
accomplished by changing the location of the “E” clip on the take effect as soon as there is enough air flow into the
carburetor venturi to draw fuel up through the main jet and
needle. Moving the clip down raises the needle in the jet
needle jet assembly. This system works in conjunction with the
passage and richens the mixture. Moving the clip up lowers
needle jet system.
the needle in the jet passage and leans the mixture. Letter and During low speed driving, there is very little clearance between
the jet needle and the needle jet; therefore, very little fuel from
number codes are stamped into the needle and the jet
the main jet can pass between the jet needle and the needle jet.
indicating sizes and tapers of each.
As the throttle valve opening is increased, the tapered jet needle
is raised farther out of the needle jet, allowing greater fuel flow.
Under full throttle opening, the cross sectioned area of
clearance between the jet needle and the needle jet becomes
greater than the cross sectioned area of the main jet. Thus the
main jet is now controlling the amount of fuel flow.
6.9
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
Fuel Delivery
VENT SYSTEM
The throttle opening chart below demonstrates component
relationship to fuel flow versus throttle valve opening.
The pilot system’s main function is that of a low speed jet. Its
most effective range of fuel delivery is from idle to
approximately 3/8 throttle valve opening.
The throttle slide controls the rate of engine air by its
movement up and down in the carburetor venturi. At small
throttle openings the air flow is regulated chiefly by the valve
cutaway, with greatest effectiveness at 1/4 throttle opening.
Throttle valves are numbered 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, etc., according to
the size of the cutaway.
Decreasing the cutaway number will increase the amount of
fuel delivered in its effective range.
The jet needle and needle jet have an effective operating range
from approximately 1/8 to 7/8 throttle opening. The amount of
fuel delivered during this range relies upon the jet needle clip
position, as well as the needle jet size and other specifications.
The main jet affects fuel delivery at 1/4 throttle and
consistently increases to full throttle opening.
The fuel tank vent supplies atmospheric pressure to the
fuel in the tank. The vent must be free of debris and
restrictions to prevent lean mixture and possible engine
damage. All vent linesmust be properly routed to prevent
damage to the line and to prevent contaminants from
entering the tank.
Protect eyes from contact with cleaner. Take appropriate
safety measures during these procedures. Safety
glasses and chemical resistant gloves are required.
Should you get cleaner in your eyes or if you swallow
cleaner, seek medical attention immediately.
CARBURETOR CLEANING
Carburetor cleaners can be extremely caustic. Extended
periods of soaking can loosen the adhesive sealer on the
passage drill-way plugs. Do not soak rubber or plastic
components (such as the vacuum slide diaphragm,
needle seat screen, or O-Rings in caustic cleaning
solutions. Irreparable damage may occur. Do not use
agitator--type carburetor cleaning equipment. Rubber
parts must be cleaned with mild detergent and hot water
only.
1. Thoroughly clean the carburetor body, jets, and all
passages with carburetor cleaner or electrical contact
cleaner.
6.10
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
2. If the carburetor is extremely dirty or contaminated with 5. Open the carb cap then disconnect the throttle cable end
fuel residue and varnish, soak for short periods only in
from.
carburetor cleaner, and rinse in hot water.
3. Replace the jets if they have a buildup of fuel residue
or bacterial growth that cannot be removed. Even a small
amount of residue will reduce the flow characteristics of
the jet.
4. Verify all passages and jets are unobstructed by
spraying electrical contact cleaner through the passages.
Do not use wire or welding tip cleaners as the orifice size
may be altered.
5. Use low-pressure air to dry carburetor body and all
components.
Carburetor Removal - General
The following procedure is provided to use as a reference
when removing the carburetor from vehicle. Some steps may
differ slightly between models.
1. Remove the seat.
2. Loosen air cleaner box bolts.
6. Disconnect the choke cable end from the choke lever.
7. Remove fuel tube and vent tube.
8. Loosen manifold intake nuts.
3. Bend and tie up fuel intake hose then drain the fuel from the
carb through the drain screw.
4. Loosen the intake boot clamp between the carburetor and air
cleaner.
9. Remove carburetor from ATV.
6.11
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
Carburetor Disassembly
Use the following procedure to disassemble the carburetor.
1. Remove the (3) float bowl screws and float bowl.
4. Remove the pilot jet , main jet , and
from the carb body.
2. Remove fuel retainer.
5. Note the position of both the air mixture screw and idle
speed adjustment screw and remove both from the carb body.
3. Remove the float pin (A) , float (B) , and inlet needle (C).
6.12
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
Throttle Valve and Choke Disassembly
5. Remove the choke arm.
1. Loosen the valve cap.
2. Remove cable with valve from the carb body.
3. disconnect throttle cable from slide valve.
Spring pressure can cause components to eject
suddenly. Use care during removal.
4. Remove choke screw and bracket.
6. Remove the choke spring .
Air Cutting Valve disassembly
1. Remove air cutting valve cover and diaphragm.
6.13
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
Carburetor Inspection
3. Inspect the idle speed adjust screw tip for flat spots and the
1. Inspect jet needle and needle jet for wear. Look for
pilot mixture screw tip for damage. If any damage is present
discoloration, shiny spots, or an area that looks different on either screw, it must be replaced.
than the rest of the needle. The middle to upper portion of
the needle contacts the needle jet and is the most likely
wear point. If jet needle shows signs of wear replace both
the needle and needle jet to prevent a rich condition.
TIP: A worn needle jet is difficult to spot. To check, slide a
slightly larger new jet needle into the needle jet and hold
it to a light source. Light will be visible between the
needle and needle jet if it is worn.
4. Inspect the float bowl vent tube for cracks near the bottom
of the tube.
NOTE: A continuous fuel leak from the carburetor
drain hose can be a result of a cracked bowl vent
tube.
2. Inspect the inlet needle tapered surface for any sign of wear
or damage. Be sure the spring loaded pin is free moving and
returns freely when pushed. The inlet needle and seat should
be pressure tested after assembly.
6.14
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
Float Height Adjustment
Needle and Seat Leak Test
1. Illustration 1: Place the the throttle side of the
1. Install the float bowl.
carburetor at a level position to remove weight from float
2. Invert the carburetor and install a Mity-Vac™ to the fuel
arm. In this position, the float tongue will rest slightly
inlet fitting.
outward.
3. Apply 5 PSI pressure to inlet fitting. The needle and seat
should hold pressure indefinitely. If not, inspect needle and
seat and seat O-ring or gasket.
2. Illustration 2: With the carburetor at rest and level,
slightly tilt the carburetor back. The float should fall into
the correct position, with the float tongue resting lightly on
the inlet needle valve pin without compressing the spring.
The bottom of the float should be parallel with the float
bowl mating surface.
Carburetor Assembly
NOTE: If the float is past parallel with the mating surface,
the carburetor has likely been tilted back too far and the 1. Replace parts in proper order. Refer to the parts exploded
view or “Disassembly” steps for further detail
float tongue is compressing the needle valve pin.
2. Install the pilot air mixture screw, spring, washer, and Oring
as an assembly (Mikuni Only). Lubricate the O-Ring with oil
or light grease before installation. Turn the screw in until it
lightly contacts the seat. Back out the specified number of
turns.
NOTE: The final air mixture screw must be adjusted
with the engine running.
3. Measure the height from the float bowl mating surface
to the top of step of the float as shown in Illustration 2.
Both sides of float should be parallel to each other.
Themeasurement should bemade at the mid-point on top
of the float using Float Adjustment Tool or a caliper.
When measuring the height, verify the inlet needle valve
spring is not compressed.
Air Screw Base Setting
(Set at Factory)
Factory Specification:
1 Turns Out
Float Height:
Parallel to Gasket Surface ± 1mm
6.15
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
FUEL LEVEL TEST
A fuel level test can be performed on some models if the
drain hose fitting is accessible. Be sure to re-attach the
bowl drain hose after performing the test. A fuel level test
allows you to observe the height of the fuel in the float
bowl without removing the carburetor. The fuel level can
be observed with the engine either running or shut off,
however, engine must run briefly to allow fuel level to
stabilize..
1. Attach a clear line to drain fitting. Be sure line fits tightly
on fitting. Position hose along side of carburetor as
shown.
2. Open bowl drain screw by turning counterclockwise
approximately two turns. Start and run engine for 3 to 5
seconds to allow fuel level to stabilize in the line. If level is
out of specification, remove carburetor and inspect inlet
needle and seat, float height, passages, etc.
NOTE: If a line was removed to perform this procedure, it
must be replaced.
6.16
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
Fuel tank location
6.17
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
Fuel Tank Removal
5. Disconnect the fuel lever gauge harness.
1. Completely drain fuel from fuel tank. Be sure the fuel.
2. Remove the two bolts that attach the fuel tank to the frame.
6. Place a shop rag or towel underneath the tank and remove
fuel line, fuel valve and filter from the tank.
3. Carefully lift up on the fuel tank.
7. Disconnect the fuel tube from tank.
8. To reinstall the tank, reverse the removal procedure. Be sure
to torque the tank mounting bolts.
Fuel Tank Mounting Bolt Torque
8 Nm (72 in. lbs.)
4. Remove fuel valve from frame.
6.18
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
Air Cleaner Removal
2. Remove the foam air filter. Wash the foam filter in warm
1. Release the screw and remove the cover.
soapy water, then rinse and let it dry. If the filter is damaged,
install a new foam filter.
6.19
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
3. Loosen the intake boot clamp between the carburetor and
6. Reinstall the foam filter, foam and air box cover. Secure the
air cleaner.
clips.
4. Loosen oil separator hoses then remove air cleaner box.
The air intake on cover must toward front of vehicle.
5. Apply commercially available foam filter oil to the foam
filter.
6.20
FUEL/ CARBURATOR
TROUBLESHOOTING
Poor Idle
Fuel Starvation / Lean Mixture
Idle Too High
Symptoms: Hard start or no start, bog, backfire, popping
• Idle adjusted improperly / air mixture screw damaged
through intake / exhaust, hesitation, detonation, low power,
• Throttle cable sticking, improperly adjusted, routed
spark plug erosion, engine runs hot, surging, high idle, idle
incorrectly
speed erratic.
• Choke cable sticking, improperly adjusted, routed incorrectly
• No fuel in tank
• Plugged or restricted pilot jet
• Restricted tank vent, or routed improperly
• Fuel lines or fuel valve restricted
• Fuel filter plugged
Idle Too Low
• Choke cable bending or incorrectly adjusted
• Idle speed set incorrectly
• Carburetor vent line(s) restricted
• Plugged or restricted inlet needle and seat screen or inlet
passage
• Clogged jets or passages
• Float stuck, holding inlet needle closed or inlet needle stuck
• Air mixture screw misadjusted or damaged
• Belt dragging
• Ignition timing incorrect
• Worn jet needle / needle jet
• Float level too low
• Plugged or restricted pilot jet
• Intake air leak (throttle shaft, intake ducts, airbox or air
Erratic Idle
cleaner cover)
• Choke cable bending or incorrectly adjusted
• Jet needle position incorrect
• Throttle cable incorrectly adjusted
• Incorrect pilot screw adjustment
• Air leaks, dirty carburetor passages (pilot circuit)
Rich Mixture
• Pilot mixture screw damaged or adjusted incorrectly
Symptoms: Fouls spark plugs, black, sooty exhaust smoke,
• Tight valves
rough idle, poor fuel economy, engine runs rough/ misses,
• Ignition timing incorrect
poor performance, bog, engine loads up, backfire.
• Belt dragging
• Air intake restricted (inspect intake duct)
• Dirty air cleaner
• Air filter dirty / plugged
• Choke plate sticking, incorrectly adjusted choke
• Choke cable binding or improperly routed
• Engine worn
• Spark plug fouled
• Idle speed set incorrectly
• Incorrect pilot air / fuel screw adjustment
• Faulty inlet needle and seat
• Faulty inlet needle seat O-Ring
• Worn jet needle / needle jet
• Plugged or restricted pilot jet
• Float level too high
• Poor fuel quality (old fuel)
• Loose jets
• Worn jet needle / needle jet or other carburetor parts
• Dirty carburetor (air bleed passages or jets)
• Weak or damaged choke plate return spring
• Fouled spark plug
6.21
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
CHAPTER 7
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2
BODY REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2
FRONT CAB REMOVAL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2
REAR CAB REMOVAL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.4
HEADLIGHT HOUSING REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.5
FRONT BUMPER REMOVAL / INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.5
CAB EXPLODED VIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.6
SUSPENSION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.7
SHOCKS EXPLODED VIEW. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.7
FRONT SHOCK REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.7
REAR SHOCK REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.8
FRONT A-ARM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.9
A-ARM EXPLODED VIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . … . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.9
A-ARM REPLACEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . … . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.9
SWING ARM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.11
SWING ARM EXPLODED VIEW. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7.11
SWING ARM REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.11
STEERING . . . . . . . . . . . . …………... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.14
STEERING/FRONT SUSPENSION EXPLODED VIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.14
STEERING POST ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.15
HANDLEBAR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.16
HANDLEBAR BLOCK INSTALLATION PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.16
EXPLODED VIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.16
DECAL REPLACEMENT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.17
7.1
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
GENERAL INFORMATION
Torque Specifications
Fastener
Torque
Suspension Fasteners
A–Arm Attaching Bolt
42 Nm (31 ft. lbs.)
BODY REMOVAL
Front Cab Removal
1. Pull out the seat latch on tail and remove the seat.
2. Remove the 4 screws and the fuel tank cover.
A-Arm Ball Joint Stud Nut 50 Nm (37 ft. lbs.)
Shock Mounting Bolts
Front: 44 Nm (33 ft. lbs.)
Rear: 50 Nm (37 ft. lbs.)
Swing Arm Mounting Bolt 90 Nm (66 ft. lbs.)
Rear Axle Hub Bolt
35 Nm (26 ft.lbs.)
Steering Fasteners
Handlebar Adjuster Block
10 Nm (84 in. lbs.)
Inner Tie Rod Bolts
19 Nm (14 ft. lbs.)
Outer Tie Rod Bolts
19 Nm (14 ft. lbs.)
3. Remove the 2 screws and 4 insert rivets from 2 side panels.
Steering Post Mount Nuts
22 Nm (16 ft. lbs.)
4. Remove 2 side panels from front and rear cabs.
Steering Post Nut
55 Nm (40 ft. lbs)
Final Drive Fasteners
Front Wheel Spindle Nut
60 Nm (44 ft. lbs)
Rear Wheel Hub Nut
80 Nm (58 ft. lbs.)
Front / Rear Wheel Bolts
30 Nm (22 ft. lbs.)
Sprocket Bolts
Front: 9.8 Nm. (87 in. lbs.)
Rear: 22 Nm (16 ft. lbs.)
Chain Tensioner Bolt
10 Nm (84 in. lbs.)
Bearing Carrier Mounting
55 Nm (40 ft. lbs.)
Bolts
Chain Guard Bolts
22 Nm (16 ft. lbs)
7.2
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
5. Remove the 2 bolts attaching the body to the footwells
on each side.
6. Remove radiator wind shield bolts on each side.
9. Disconnect the main switch (ignition) harness.
10. Disconnect power supplier wires.
7. Remove the 8 screws attaching front and rear cabs to the
footwells on each side.
11. Disconnect both front indicator plugs.
8. Remove the 2 bolts attaching the body to the front cab on
each side.
7.3
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
12. Disconnect the headlight harness.
13. Remove shift lever grip.
2. Remove the 4 bolts of rear cab.
3. Disconnect the taillight harness.
14. Completely remove the front cab from body.
Rear Cab Removal
1. Remove 2 footwells from body.
4. Remove the 2 bolts attaching the rear cabs then take off
taillight.
7.4
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
5. Cut off the straps of rear indicators then disconnects
indicator plugs with main harness.
Front Bumper Removal / Installation
1. Remove the (4) mounting bolts retaining the front bumper
and remove the bumper from the ATV.
6.Remove Rear cab from cab.
Treetrentar 330 Headlight housing Removal 2. Reverse the previous procedure to reinstall the bumper.
1.The front cab removal procedure same as Goes 300 S except
3. Torque mounting bolts to 87 in. lbs. (9.8 Nm).
headlight housing.
Front Bumper Mount Bolt Torque
2. Remove the 2 upper bolts attaching on front cab.
10 Nm (90 in. lbs.)
3. Remove the 2 bottom bolts attaching under front cab.
4. Completely remove the headlight housing from cab
7.5
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
7.6
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
SUSPENSION
Front Shock Removal
1. Elevate front end of the ATV off the ground to remove
shock spring tension.
Front Shock Mounting Bolt Torque:
44 Nm (32 ft. lbs.)
Severe injury could occur if machine tips or falls.
2. Remove the upper shock mounting bolts from the frame
and the lower shock mounting bolts from the front
suspension arm / A-arm.
3. Replace the shock or spring as required.
4. Install shock as shown above Exploded Figure.
5. Torque shock mounting bolts to specification.
7.7
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
Rear Shock Removal
1. Elevate rear end of the ATV off the ground to remove shock
spring tension.
Severe injury could occur if machine tips or falls.
2. Remove the upper shock mounting bolt from the frame and
the lower shock mounting bolt from the swing arm.
3. Replace the shock, spring or adjuster cam as required
4. Install the shock as shown above Exploded Figure.
5. Torque shock mounting bolts to specification.
Rear Shock Mounting Bolt Torque:
50 Nm (37 ft. lbs.)
7.8
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
FRONT A-ARM
A-arm Replacement
3. Remove brake caliper bolts and caliper.
1. Elevate front end of ATV off the ground far enough to
remove the wheel.
Severe injury could occur if machine tips or falls.
4. Remove wheel hub and brake disc.
2. Remove wheel nuts and remove wheels.
7.9
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
5. Remove the upper and lower ball joint cotter pins
9. Examine the A-arm shafts (E). Replace if worn.
(K) from the ball joint studs (I & L) at wheel end of
Discard hardware.
A-arm. Remove the ball joint nuts until the nuts are flush
10. Insert A-arm shaft (E) into the new A-arm(C & H).
with end of the ball joints studs.
11. Install new A-arm assembly onto vehicle frame (upper
and lower). Torque bolts to 42Nm (30 ft. lbs.).
12. Attach upper A--arm (C) and lower A-arm (H) to
steering knuckle (J). Tighten both ball joint nuts to
50 Nm (37 ft. lbs.). If cotter pin holes are not aligned,
tighten nut slightly to align. Install a new cotter pin with
open ends toward rear of machine (upper and lower).
Bend both ends in opposite directions around nut.
13. Locate two grease fittings on each A-arm tube and
pump A-arm ends full of grease.
6. Push up on the upper A--arm (C) to remove the
A--arm from the steering knuckle (J). Push down on the
lower A—arm (H) to remove the A—arm from the steering
knuckle (J).
7. Remove the lower shock bolt (M) from the lower
A--arm and remove the shock from the A--arm.
Upon A-arm installation completion, test vehicle at
low speeds before putting into regular service.
8. Loosen two bolts on the A-arm tubes (D) (upper and
lower A--arms) until A-arm can be removed.
A-arm Attaching Bolt Torque:
42 Nm (31 ft. lbs.)
Ball Joint Stud Nut Torque:
50 Nm (37 ft. lbs.)
Front Shock Bolt Torque:
44 Nm (32 ft. lbs.)
7.10
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
SWING ARM
Removal
1. Elevate rear end of ATV off the ground far enough to
remove the rear wheels.
Severe injury could occur if machine tips or falls.
2. Remove the dust cap and cotter pin from 2 rear wheels
3. Remove 2 rear wheels nut and remove wheel and hub as an
assembly.
7.11
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
4. Remove rear brake caliper bolts then brake caliper.
7. Loosen 2 nuts from rear axle. Ensure do not lose those
washers.
5. Remove chain protector bolts then chain protector.
8. Bend the lock bracket back the remove bolts and sprocket.
6. Take off the master link from chain by pliers then remove
9. Pull the axle with disc toward left way, some time need to
chain from sprocket.
use soft hammer on right of rear axle. Ensure do not damaged
axle thread.
.
7.12
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
10. Remove external cir-clip and brake caliper mount.
11. There is a o-ring in caliper mount.
12. Loosen 4 bolts then remove axle hub toward right hand
away.
13. Inspect adjusting tooth and cam surface for wear, replace
the hub if the component fail inspection.
14. Inspect the axle hub main bearings for worn or damaged.
The bearing must be inspected visually and by turning feel.
The bearing should turn smoothly and quietly.
15. Remove the rear shock upper blot.
16. Remove brake tube clamp.
17. Remove swing arm shaft then swing arm.
7.13
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
7.14
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
STEERING POST ASSEMBLY
1. Torque the steering axle nut (A) to 60Nm.
4. Check the steering. The handlebars must move freely
2. Align the cotter pin hole.
and easily from full left to full right without binding. Check
3. Install the cotter pin (B) and bend both ends of the
all cables and electrical wires for binding and route as
cotter pin around the nut in opposite directions.
needed.
7.15
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
HANDLEBAR BLOCK INSTALLATION
PROCEDURE
1. Position the two steering post blocks (D) properly onto the
4. Install the four handlebar bolts and pod bracket (C)
handlebars.
loosely into the blocks.
2. Install the front block bolts (A) first and evenly tighten
5. Install the handlebar pod (E) and screws (F).
the bolts down. Evenly torque the 2 front bolts to
15--18 Nm (11--13 ft.lbs.).
NOTE: There will be a slight gap on the backside of
3. Install the rear bolts (B) and tighten evenly. Evenly
the blocks after the procedure is performed.
torque the 2 rear bolts to 15--18 Nm (11--13 ft.lbs.).
7.16
BODY / SUSPENSION / STEERING
DECAL REPLACEMENT
The following procedure involves the use of an open
flame. Perform this procedure in a well ventilated area,
away from gasoline or other flammable materials. Be
sure the area to be flame treated is clean and free of
gasoline or flammable residue.
Do not flame treat components that are installed on the
vehicle. Remove the component from the vehicle before
flame treating.
The side panels, front and rear fender cabs are plastic
polyethylene material. Therefore, they must be “flame treated”
prior to installing a decal to ensure good adhesion. A bonus of
the flame treating procedure is it can be used to reduce or
eliminate the whitish stress marks that are sometimes left after
a fender or cab is bent, flexed, or damaged.
To flame treat the decal area:
1. Pass the flame of a propane torch back and forth quickly
over the area where the decal is to be applied until the surface
appears slightly glossy. This should occur after just a few
seconds of flame treating. Do not hold the torch too close to
the surface (5- 7.5 cm. from the flame tip is recommended).
Keep the torch moving to prevent damage.
2. Apply the decal on one edge first. Slowly lay down
remainder of the decal while rubbing lightly over the decal
surface to eliminate any air bubbles during the application.
7.17
BRAKES
CHAPTER 8
BRAKES
SPECIFICATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.2
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.2
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.2
BRAKE SYSTEM SERVICE NOTE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.3
DISC BRAKE NOISE TROUBLE SHOOTING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.3
BRAKE NOISE TROUBLE SHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.3
BRAKE SYSTEM OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8.4
FRONT BRAKES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.5
FRONT BRAKE EXPLODED VIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.6
FRONT BRAKE REPLACEMENT/ BLEEDING PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.7
SHUNT REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.8
FRONT BRAKE- BLEEDING/ FLUID CHANGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.8
MASTER CYLINDER REMOVAL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.10
MASTER CYLINDER INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.11
FRONT PADS REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.11
FRONT PADS ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.12
FRONT DISC INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.13
FRONT BRAKE DISC REMOVAL/ REOLACEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.13
REAR/FOOT/ PARKING BRAKE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.14
REAR/FOOT/ PARKING BRAKE EXPLODED VIEW & TORQUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.14
REAR CALIPER FLUID REPLACEMENT AND AIR BLEEDING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8.15
BRAKE FLUID DRAINING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.15
REAR CALIPER FLUID FILLING/ BLEEDING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.15
FOOT BRAKE REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8.16
FOOT BRAKE FLUID FILLING/ BLEEDING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.17
PARKING BRAKE REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8.18
PARKING BRAKE INSTALLATION, INSPECTION AND ADJUSTING .. . . . . . . . . . . . 8.19
BRAKE troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.20
BRAKE SQUEAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8.20
POOR BRAKE PERFORMANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 8.20
LEVER VIBRATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8.20
BRAKE LOCK . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.20
8.1
BRAKES
SPECIFICATIONS
General Specifications
Front Brake Disc
Item
Standard
Service Limit
Brake Pad Thickness
7.6 mm (0.298”)
4.3 mm (0.17”)
Brake Disc Thickness
4mm (0.16”)
3.5mm ( 0.14”)
--
0.05mm ( 0.002”)
--
0.25mm (0.01”)
Brake Disc Thickness Variance
Between Measurements
Brake Disc Runout
Rear Brake Disc
Item
Standard
Service Limit
Brake Pad Thickness
7.8 mm
(0.20”)
4.5 mm
(0.18")
Brake Disc Thickness
4.2 mm
(0.17”)
3.8mm
(0.15”)
Brake Disc Thickness Variance
--
0.05mm ( 0.002”)
--
0.25mm (0.01”)
Torque
Torque
(Nm)
(ft. lbs. except where noted*)
Front Caliper Mounting Bolts
25
18
Rear Caliper Mounting Bolts
42
31
0.6
5 in.lbs.
Brake Line Banjo Bolt
20
15
Brake Disc Mounting Bolts
29
21.4
Caliper Bleed Screws
3
27 in.lbs.
Foot Brake Master Cylinder
Mounting Bolt
25
18
Shunt Mounting Bolt
20
15
Between Measurements
Brake Disc Runout
Torque Specifications
Item
Master Cylinder Reservoir
Cover Bolts
NOTE: Refer to the tightening procedures in this chapter when torquing the bolts. Some special procedures
are used when torquing certain bolts and fasteners.
8.2
BRAKES
BRAKE SYSTEM SERVICE NOTES
◎ Inspect caliper piston seals for foreign material that
Disc brake systems are light weight, low maintenance,
could prevent caliper pistons from returning freely.
and perform well in the conditions ATVs routinely
◎ Perform a brake burnishing procedure after installing
encounter. There are a few things to remember when
new pads to maximize service life.
replacing disc brake pads or performing brake system
service to ensure proper system function and maximum
pad service life.
Use only DOT 4 brake fluid as an assembly aid for all
◎ Optional pads are available to suit conditions in your
procedures described in this chapter to prevent
area. Select a pad to fit riding style and environment.
brake system contamination.
◎ Do not over-fill the master cylinder fluid reservoirs.
DO NOT USE LUBRICANTS OF ANY KIND FOR
◎ Make sure the brake levers return freely and
ASSEMBLY.
completely.
◎ Check and adjust master cylinder reservoir fluid levels DISC BRAKE NOISE TROUBLESHOOTING
Dirt or dust buildup on the brake pads and disc is the
after pad service.
most common cause of brake noise (squeal caused by
◎ Make sure atmospheric vent on reservoirs are
vibration). If cleaning does not reduce the occurrence of
unobstructed.
brake noise, check the backing of each pad for worn
◎ Test for brake drag after any brake system service
spots allowing metal to metal contact. See table below.
and investigate cause if brake drag is evident.
◎ Make sure caliper moves freely on guide pins.
Brake Noise Troubleshooting
Possible Cause
Dirt, dust, or imbedded material on pads or disc
Remedy
Spray disc and pads with a non-flammable aerosol brake
cleaner only! Remove pads and/or disc hub to clean
imbedded material from disc or pads.
Pad(s) dragging on disc (noise or premature pad wear)
Improper adjustment
Adjust pad stop.
Insufficient lever or pedal clearance
Check position of controls & switches.
Master cylinder reservoir overfilled
Set to proper level
Master cylinder compensating port restricted
Clean compensating port
Master cylinder piston not returning completely
Inspect. Repair as necessary
Caliper piston(s) not returning
Clean piston(s) seal
Operator error (riding the brake / park brake applied)
Educate operator
Loose wheel hub or bearings
Check wheel and hub for abnormal movement.
Brake disc warped or excessively worn
Replace disc
Brake disc misaligned or loose
Inspect and repair as necessary
Noise is from other source (chain, axle, hub, disc or
If noise does not change when brake is applied check
wheel)
other sources. Inspect and repair as necessary
Wrong pad for conditions
Change to a softer or harder pad
8.3
BRAKES
BRAKE SYSTEM OPERATION
The front brake system is hydraulically actuated. The foot brake system is hydraulically actuated.
When the right front brake lever (master
When the right foot brake lever (master cylinder)
cylinder) is applied, the two front brake calipers is applied, the two front brake calipers and a rear
are active and under pressure.
caliper are active and under pressure.
The rear brake system is hydraulically actuated. The parking brake system operates using
mechanical brake cables. The left front parking
When the right front brake lever (master
brake lever operates the rear brake caliper assembly.
cylinder) is applied, the rear brake caliper is
active and under pressure.
8.4
BRAKES
FRONT BRAKE
The front brake system consists of the following components or assemblies: brake lever; master cylinder; hydraulic
hose; brake calipers (slave cylinder); brake pads; and brake discs, which are secured to the drive line.
When the hand activated brake lever (A) is applied it contacts a piston (B) within the master cylinder. As the master
cylinder piston moves inward it closes a small opening (compensating port) (C) within the cylinder and starts to build
pressure within the brake system. As the pressure within the system is increased, the piston (D) located in the brake
caliper moves outward and applies pressure to the moveable brake pad. This pad contacts the brake disc and
moves the caliper in its floating bracket, pulling the stationary side pad into the brake disc. The resulting friction
reduces brake disc and vehicle speed. As the lever pressure is increased, the braking affect is also increased.
The friction applied to the brake pads will cause the pads to wear. As these pads wear, the piston within the caliper
moves further outward and becomes self-adjusting. Fluid from the reservoir fills the additional area created when the
caliper piston moves outward.
Brake fluid level is critical to proper system operation. Too little fluid will allow air to enter the system and cause the
brakes to feel spongy. Too much fluid could cause brakes to drag due to fluid expansion.
Located within the master cylinder is the compensating port (C), which is opened and closed by the master cylinder
piston assembly. The port is open when the lever is released and the master cylinder piston is outward. As the
temperature within the hydraulic system changes, this port compensates for fluid expansion (heated fluid) or
contraction (cooled fluid). During system service, be sure this port is open. Due to the high temperatures created
within the system during heavy braking, it is very important that the master cylinder reservoir have adequate space
to allow for fluid expansion. Never overfill the reservoir! Fill to 0.64 - 0.80 cm (1/4〃 - 5/16〃) from top of the
cylinder.
This system also incorporates a diaphragm (E) as part of the cover gasket; and a vent port (F) located between the
gasket and the cover. The combination diaphragm and vent allow for the air above the fluid to equalize pressure as
the fluid expands or contracts. Make sure the vent is open and allowed to function. If the reservoir is over filled or the
diaphragm vent is plugged the expanding fluid may build pressure in the brake system leading to brake failure.
When servicing brake systems use only DOT 4 High Temperature Brake Fluid.
Once a bottle is opened, use what is necessary and discard the rest in accordance with local laws. Do not store or
use a partial bottle of brake fluid. DOT 4 Brake fluids is hygroscopic, meaning it rapidly absorbs moisture. This
causes the boiling temperature of the brake fluid to drop, which can lead to brake fade and possible loss of control.
8.5
BRAKES
FRONT BRAKE EXPLODED VIEW
8.6
BRAKES
FRONT BRAKE REPLACEMENT/
BLEEDING PROCEDURE
4. Remove the cotter pin, nut and washer.
NOTE: When bleeding the brakes or replacing the fluid
always start with the caliper farthest from the master
cylinder.
Always wear safety glasses during these procedures.
Brake fluid will damage finished surfaces. Do not allow
brake fluid to come in contact with finished surfaces.
5. Remove the caliper two fastens bolts on knuckle and the
banjo bolt on caliper and oil tube.
6. Remove the wheel hub and caliper as an assembly.
Severe injury could occur if machine tips or falls.
1. Elevate front end of ATV off the ground far enough to
remove the wheel.
2. Remove the dust cap and cotter pin.
3. Remove wheel nuts and remove wheel and rim as an
assembly.
6. Ensure do not lose speedometer magnet.
7. Inspect the brake pads contact disc surface for excessive
wear, pitting, or damage. Replace if necessary.
.
8.7
BRAKES
8. Remove the disc blots then disc.
9. Remove the speedometer sensor.
4. The shunt system is hydraulically actuated.
◎When the right foot brake lever (master cylinder) is applied,
the two front brake calipers and a rear caliper are active and
under pressure.
◎When the right front brake lever (master cylinder) is applied,
the two front brake calipers are active and under pressure.
◎When the right front brake lever (master cylinder) is applied,
the rear brake caliper is active and under pressure.
10. The front left hand brake use same procedure.
Shunt Removal
1. Remove two mounting bolts under frame.
FRONT BRAKE – BLEEDING/ FLUID
2. Remove all banjo bolts then shunt.
CHANGE
3. Inspect two piston’s o-ring and rubber cups surface for wear
NOTE: This procedure should be used to change fluid or
or other damage. Replace an assembly if necessary.
bleed brakes during regular maintenance.
8.8
BRAKES
1. Clean reservoirs cover thoroughly.
2. Remove screws, cover, and diaphragm from
reservoir.
8. While maintaining lever pressure, open bleeder screw.
Close bleeder screw and release brake lever.
3. Inspect vent slots in cover and remove any debris or
NOTE: Do not release lever before bleeder screw is tight or
blockage.
4. If changing fluid, remove old fluid from reservoir with air may be drawn into caliper.
a Mity Vacuum or similar tool.
9. Repeat procedure until clean fluid appears in bleeder hose
NOTE: Do not remove brake lever when reservoir fluid
and all air has been purged. Add fluid as necessary to
level is low.
maintain level in reservoir.
NOTE: If brake pressure is hard to built, repeat breeding
procedure with shunt breeding screw.
5. Add brake fluid to the upper level mark on reservoir.
Recommend Brake Fluid
DOT 4 Brake Fluid
6. Begin bleeding procedure with the caliper that is
farthest from the master cylinder. Install a wrench on
the top caliper bleeder screw.
Attach a clean, clear hose to fitting and place the other
end in a clean container. Be sure the hose fits tightly Maintain at least 2 cm of brake fluid in the reservoir to
on fitting.
prevent air from entering the master cylinder.
NOTE: When brake lever is pumped. Place diaphragm
10. Tighten bleeder screw securely and remove bleeder hose.
in reservoir to prevent spills. Do not install cover.
7. Slowly pump brake lever until pressure builds and Torque bleeder screw to 3 Nm (27 in.lbs.).
holds.
11. Repeat procedure Steps 5-9 for the remaining caliper(s).
8.9
BRAKES
12. Add brake fluid to the proper level.
MASTER CYLINDER REMOVAL
Master Cylinder Fluid Level:
1. Clean master cylinder and reservoir assembly. Make
MAX level inside reservoir
sure you have a clean work area to disassemble brake
Sight glass must look dark, if sight
components.
glass is clear, fluid level is too low
2. Place a shop towel under brake line connection at
master cylinder. Loosen banjo bolt; remove bolt and
sealing washers.
13. Install diaphragm, cover, and screws.
14. Field test machine at low speed before putting into
service. Check for proper braking action and lever
reserve. With lever firmly applied, lever
reserve should be no less than 2 cm from handlebar.
15. Check brake system for fluid leaks and inspect all
hoses and lines for wear or abrasion. Replace hose if
Brake fluid will damage finished surfaces. Do not allow
wear or abrasion is found.
brake fluid to come in contact with finished surfaces.
3. Loosen the master cylinder clamp bolts on the
NOTE:
1.
handlebar side of the master cylinder.
Check the fluid lever often while bleeding the brake to
prevent air from being pumped into the system.
2.
Repeat the above procedure until air bubbles do not
appear in the plastic hose.
3.
If air is entering the bleeder from around the bleed
valve threads, seal the threads with Teflon tape.
4.
Close the bleed valve and operate brake lever. If it still
feels spongy, bleed the system again.
5.
If a brake bleeder is not available, use the following
procedure:
Pump up the system pressure with the brake lever until
lever resistance is felt.
4. Remove master cylinder from handlebars.
8.10
BRAKES
MASTER CYLINDER INSTALLATION
3. Fill reservoir with DOT4 Brake Fluid.
1. Install master cylinder on handlebars. Torque mounting
bolts to 3 Nm (25 in. lbs.). Torque the top bolt first.
NOTE: To speed up the brake bleeding procedure the
master cylinder can be purged of air before brake line is 4. Follow bleeding procedure on Pages 8.8.
attached. Fill with DOT4 Brake Fluid and pump lever
Check all connections for leaks and repair if necessary.
slowly two to three times with finger over the outlet end to FRONT
purge master cylinder of air.
PADS REMOVAL
1. Follow front caliper remove procedure on page 8.6.
2. Place new sealing washers on each side of banjo
brake line. Install the brake line into the master cylinder.
Torque the banjo bolt to 20 Nm (15 ft.lbs.).
Severe injury could occur if machine tips or falls.
2. With pads remove, push caliper piston into caliper bore
slowly using a C-clamp or locking pliers.
Master Cylinder Mounting Clamp
Bolt Torque: 3 Nm (25 in. lbs.)
Banjo Bolt Torque:
20 Nm (15 ft. lbs.)
NOTE: Brake fluid will be forced through compensating
port into master cylinder fluid reservoir when piston is
pushed back into caliper. Remove excess fluid from
reservoir as required.
8.11
BRAKES
3. Remove the brake pads out of the caliper assembly.
4. Measure the thickness of the pad material.
Replace pads if worn beyond the service limit.
2. Install caliper on the steering knuckle, and torque
mounting bolts. (If previously removed.)
Front Brake Pad Thickness
New 7.6mm( 0.298〃)
Service Limit 4.30mm ( 0.170〃 )
Front Caliper Mounting Bolts
FRONT PAD ASSEMBLY
If the brake pads are contaminated with grease, oil,
or liquid soaked do not use the pads, use only new
clean pads.
1. Install pads with friction material facing each other.
Install the brake pads. Be sure pads and disc is free of
dirt or grease.
Torque: 25 Nm (18 ft. lbs.)
3. Slowly pump the brake lever until pressure has been
built up. Maintain at least 20 mm of brake fluid in the
reservoir to prevent air from entering the brake system.
4. Be sure fluid level in reservoir is between MIN and
MAX lines and install reservoir cap.
5. Install wheels and torque wheel nuts.
Front Wheel Nut Torque
40 Nm (30 ft. lbs.)
6. BRAKE BURNISHING: It is recommended that a
burnishing procedure be performed after installation
of new brake pads to extend service life and reduce
noise. Start machine and slowly increase speed to 50
km. Gradually apply brakes to stop machine. Repeat
this procedure 10 times, allowing brakes to cool
sufficiently after each run.
8.12
BRAKES
FRONT DISC INSPECTION
1. Visually inspect the brake disc for nicks, scratches, or
damage.
2. Measure the disc thickness at 8 different points
around the pad contact surface using a 0-1〃 micrometer.
Replace disc if worn beyond service limit.
Brake Disc Runout
Service Limit . 0.25 mm ( 0.01” )
FRONT BRAKE DISC REMOVAL /
REPLACEMENT
Brake Disc Thickness
Service Limit 3.8mm ( 0.15” )
New . 4.2mm ( 0.17” )
Brake Disc Thickness Variance
Service Limit 0.05 mm ( 0.002” )
difference between measurements.
1. Apply heat to the hub in the area of the brake disc
3. Mount dial indicator as shown to measure disc runout. mounting bolts to soften the bolt locking agent.
Slowly rotate the disc and read total runout on the dial
2. Remove bolts and disc.
indicator. Replace the disc if runout exceeds
3. Clean mating surface of disc and hub.
specifications.
4. Install disc on hub.
Always use new brake disc mounting bolts. The bolts
have a pre-applied locking agent which is destroyed
upon removal.
5. Install new bolts and tighten to specified torque.
Front Brake Disc Mounting Bolt Torque
29 Nm (21.4 ft. lbs.)
8.13
BRAKES
REAR BRAKE
Rear Brake Removal and Inspection
NOTE: Follow the “Swing Arm Removal” procedure
outlined in Chapter 6 to access the rear brake
components.
1. Follow the “Swing Arm Removal” procedure to the point
where the rear brake disc housing can be accessed on
“Chapter 7”.
NOTE: You do not need to fully disassemble the rear
axle / swing arm to service the rear brakes.
2. Inspect the brake pads contact disc surface and the axle
housing seal surface for excessive wear, pitting, or damage.
Replace if necessary.
3. Remove the brake pads from the rear caliper
assembly. Follow “Front pads remove” procedure on
page 8.11.
8.14
BRAKES
Rear Brake Pad Thickness:
Service Limit: (2 mm)
Rear Caliper Fluid Replacement and Air
Bleeding
Brake fluid draining
1. Remover the master cylinder cover.
4. Pump the brake lever until no more fluid flow out of the
bleed screw.
Rear caliper fluid filling/ bleeding
Follow the “Front Brake-Bleeding Procedure” on page 8.8
to 8.10.
NOTE:
2. Connect the bleed house to bleed screw.
3. Loosen the bleed screw of rear caliper and shunt.
1. Check the fluid lever often while bleeding the brake to
prevent air from being pumped into the system.
2. Repeat the above procedure until air bubbles do not appear
in the plastic hose.
3. If air is entering the bleeder from around the bleed screw
threads, seal the threads with Teflon tape.
4. Close the bleed screw and operate brake lever. If it still feels
spongy, bleed the system again.
5. If a brake bleeder is not available, use the following
procedure:
Pump up the system pressure with the brake lever until lever
resistance is felt.
8.15
BRAKES
Foot Brake Removal
Note: The foot brake system is hydraulically actuated. Where is
2. Remove the cotter pin from foot brake lever and foot brake
master cylinder.
under right hand rear cab. When the right foot brake lever
(master cylinder) is applied, the brake oil output to shunt. The
two front brake calipers and a rear caliper are active and under
pressure.
3. Loosen foot brake lever and brake sensor return spring with
long nose pliers.
1. Remove right hand foot well from body.
4. Remove the brake lever fastener bolt.
8.16
BRAKES
5. Remove 2 master cylinder bolts, banjo bolt and oil tank
2. Add brake fluid to the upper level mark on reservoir.
bolt.
Remove master cylinder and oil tank as an assembly.
NOTE: Do not move foot brake lever when reservoir fluid level
is low.
3. Begin bleeding procedure with the caliper that is farthest from
the master cylinder. Install a wrench on the top caliper bleeder
5. Remove foot brake lever and other components, arrange
screw.
them order.
Foot brake fluid filling/ bleeding
1. Remove cover, and diaphragm from reservoir.
4. Attach a clean, clear hose to fitting and place the other end in
a clean container. Be sure the hose fits tightly on fitting.
5. Slowly pump foot brake lever until pressure builds and holds.
6. While maintaining lever pressure, open bleeder screw. Close
bleeder screw and release brake lever.
NOTE: Do not release lever before bleeder screw is tight or air
may be drawn into caliper.
.
8.17
BRAKES
7. Repeat procedure until clean fluid appears in bleeder
hose and all air has been purged. Add fluid as necessary
to maintain level in reservoir.
NOTE: If brake pressure is hard to built, repeat breeding
procedure with shunt breeding screw
When removing and installing the parking braking
system. The spring may cause serious bodily injury.
Always wear safety glasses during these
procedures.
1.
Loosen the adjusting nut to the left end.
2.
Remove the parking lever clamp blot, parking lever and
8. Repeat procedure to 2 front caliper, foot brake lever
and shunt until foot brake pressure built.
NOTE: Pump up the foot brake system pressure with the brake
lever until lever resistance is felt.
Ensure the vent slot ring must face with cover when
install oil tank diaphragm, vent slot ring and cover.
Parking brake removal
The parking brake system operates using mechanical brake
cables. The left front parking brake lever operates the rear
brake caliper swing arm to push caliper piston assembly.
left hand master cylinder as an assembly.
8.18
BRAKES
3.
Loosen rear caliper fastener nut, adjusting bolt then remove
swing arm.
4.
3. Install the both spring and swing to caliper.
4. Ensure the upper return spring 50~60mm with cable
adapter.
Remove the return spring and cable from swing arm.
5. Install the adjusting bolt and fastener nut an assembly.
6. Fully turn the adjusting bolt to end then loosen it 3/4
circuit. Fasten the nut present and security.
Parking brake installation, inspection and
7. Inspect the parking lever cable and rubber pad, replace
adjusting
them if worn or damaged.
1. Fully turn the piston thruster then loosen about 5mm back.
2. Replace rubber dust-proof if worn or cracked.
q
8.19
BRAKES
8. Position the left hand master cylinder aligned with dot BRAKE TROUBLESHOOTING
mark on handle bar.
Brakes Squeal
9. Install parking lever on handlebars. Torque
◎ Dirty/contaminated friction pads
mounting bolts to 5Nm. Torque the top bolt first.
◎ Improper alignment
◎ Worn disc
◎ Worn disc spines
◎ Glazed brake pads
Poor Brake Performance
◎ Air in system
◎ Water in system (brake fluid contaminated)
◎ Caliper/disc misaligned
◎ Caliper dirty or damaged
◎ Brake line damaged or lining ruptured
◎ Worn disc and/or friction pads
◎ Incorrectly adjusted lever
◎ Incorrectly adjusted stationary pad
◎ Worn or damaged master cylinder or components
◎ Improper clearance between lever and switch
Lever Vibration
◎ Disc damaged
◎ Disc worn (run out or thickness variance exceeds
service limit)
◎ Caliper Overheats (Brakes Drag)
◎ Compensating port plugged
◎ Pad clearance set incorrectly
◎ Auxiliary brake pedal incorrectly adjusted
◎ Brake lever or pedal binding or unable to return fully
◎ Parking brake left on
◎ Residue build up under caliper seals
◎ Operator riding brakes
Brakes Lock
◎ Alignment of caliper to disc
◎ Fluid overfill of the reservoir
◎ Stuck caliper piston
8.20
ELECTRICAL
CHAPTER 9
ELECTRICAL
GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.3
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM SERVICE NOTES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.3
WIRE COLOR LETTER LIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.3
TRAMISSION SWITCH SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.3
SWITCH REMOVAL/ TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.3
SWITCH INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.4
LEFT HAND SWITCH ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.4
SWITCH SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.4
BRAKE LEVER SWITCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.4
LEFT HAND SWITCH ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.5
KEY SWITCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.6
HEADLIGHTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.6
HEADLIGHT LAMP REPLACEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.7
HEADLIGHT ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.7
TAIL LIGHT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.8
TAIL LIGHT LAMP REPLACEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.8
SINGNAL. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.9
FRONT SIGNAL REPLACEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.9
REAR SIGNAL REPLACEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.9
SPEEDOMETER AND INDICATOR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.10
SPEEDOMETEER SIGNAL DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.10
SPEEDOMETER DIGITAL DISPLAY FUCTIONAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.11
SPEED/HOUR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.11
ODOMETER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.11
FUEL LEVER SCALE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.11
RADIATOR TEMPERATURE SCALE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.12
TIRE/ WHEEL DIAMETER SETTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.12
IGNITION SYSTEM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.13
RPM LIMITER SPECIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.13
IGNITION COIL TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . …. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.13
ALTERNATOR OUTPUT TEST (AC AMP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . …. 9.13
CDI OUTPUT TEST USING PEAK READING ADAPTOR OR A VOLT METER. . . . . . . .. 9.14
CDI OUTPUT TEST USING PEAK READING ADAPTOR. . . . . . . . …. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.14
CDI CRANKING OUTPUT TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . …. . . . . . . . .9.15
CDI WIRE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . …. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.15
IGNITION SYSTEM TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . …. . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.16
9.1
ELECTRICAL
NO SPARK, WEAK OR INTERMITTENT SPARK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .9.17
CHARGING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.17
MAIN FUSE ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.17
VOLTAGE REGULATOR / RECTIFIER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.17
CHARGING SYSTEM TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.19
CURRENT DRAE-KEY OFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.19
ALTERNATOR OUTPUT TESTS (AC AMP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.19
BATTERY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.20
BATTERY IDENTIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.20
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCE BATTERY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.20
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCE BATTERY CHARGEING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . 9.21
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCE BATTERY INSPECTION/ REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.22
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCE BATTERY INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.22
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCE BATTERY TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.22
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCE BATTERY OCV OPEN CIRCUIT VOLTAGE TEST. . . 9.22
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCE BATTERY LOAD TEST. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.22
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCE BATTERY OFF- SEASON STORAGE. . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.22
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCE BATTERY CHARGING PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.23
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY ACTIVATION/ SVC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.23
BATTERY TERMINALS/ TERMINAL BOLTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.24
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY INSPECTION/ REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.24
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.24
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.24
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY OCV-OPEN CIRCUIT VOLTAGE TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.25
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY SPECIFIC GRAVITY TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.25
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY LOAD TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.25
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY OFF-SEASON STORAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.26
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY CHARGING PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.26
STARTER SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.27
STARTER RELAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.27
VOLTAGE DROP TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.27
STARTER MOTOR SERVICE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.27
STARTER MOTOR DISASSEMBLY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.27
STARTER BRUSH INSPECTION / REPLACEMENT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.28
ARMATURE TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.29
STARTER REASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.29
STARTER SYSTEM TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.30
STARTER SYSTEM TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.31
WIRING DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.32
9.2
ELECTRICAL
GENERAL INFORMATION
Electrical System Service Notes
TRANSMISSION SWITCH SERVICE
Reference the following notes when diagnosing electrical
Switch Removal/Test
problems.
1. Remove the CVT cover. The indicator switch will be visible
• Refer to wiring diagram for stator and electrical
component resistance specifications.
• When measuring resistance of a component that has a low
between the drive and driven clutch.
Refer to Chapter 3 for CVT cover removal and install.
resistance value (under 10 Ohms), remember to subtract
2. Remove the screws that retain the indicator switch.
meter lead resistance from the reading.
3. Using an ohmmeter, test for continuity between the switch
Connect the leads together and record the resistance.
contacts and connector leads.Replace the switch if no continuity
The resistance of the component is equal to tested value
minus the lead resistance.
• Become familiar with the operation of the meter. Be sure
or high resistance is found.
4. First, shift the transmission into “neutral” and test for continuity
leads are in the proper jack for the test being performed (i.e. between the G/W wires and ground.
10A jack for current readings). Refer to the owner’s manual 3. Then shift the transmission into “reverse” and test for
included with the meter for more information.
continuity between the W/L wires and ground. In both tests you
• Voltage, amperage, and resistance values included in this
should have continuity to ground.
manual are obtained with a Fluke™ 77 Digital Multimeter.
This meter is acceptable for use when diagnosing electrical
problems. Readings obtained with other meters may differ.
• Pay attention to the prefix on the multimeter reading (K,
M, etc.) and the position of the decimal point.
• For resistance readings, isolate the component to be
tested. Disconnect it from the wiring harness or power
supply.
Wires color letter list
Letter
Color
Letter
Color
B
Black
L/Y
Blue/Yellow
B/L
Black/Blue
O
Orange
4. Inspect the shift indicator contacts, shift drum, pin and
Br
Brown
O/B
Orange/Black
spring. Verify the pin is not sticking in the drum or is
B/R
Black/Red
P
Pink
damaged. Replace any worn or damaged components.
Br/L
Brown/Blue
Pu
Purple
Br/W
Brown/White
R
Red
B/Y
Black/Yellow
R/B
Red/Black
C
Cyan
R/W
Red/White
DB
Deep Brown
W
White
DG
Deep Green
WB
Water Blue
G
Green
W/B
White/Black
Gr
Gray
W/L
White/Blue
G/R
Green/Red
W/R
White/Red
G/W
Green/White
Y
Yellow
9.3
ELECTRICAL
Switch Installation
5. Once repairs are completed, reinstall the shift pin and
spring into the shift drum (arrow). NOTE: assembly lube
can be used to “stick” parts together for ease of assembly.
6. Install the indicator switch and o--ring (arrow), routing
the wires in the same manner as during disassembly.
7. Install the retaining screws. Torque to 5Nm (45 in. lbs).
SWITCH SERVICE
Brake Lever Switches
Each brake lever utilizes an electrical brake switch that sends
voltage to activate the brake light.
1. Locate the brake switches on each of the brake levers.
2. Disconnect wire harness from brake switch and connect an
ohmmeter across the two switch wires.
The reading should be infinite (•).
3. Apply brake the brake lever(s) and check for continuity
between switch contacts. Replace switch if there is no continuity
or if the resistance is greater than .5 ohms when the brake is
applied with slight pressure.
9.4
ELECTRICAL
Left Hand Switch Assembly
The following illustration shows the internal operation of the
LH switch assembly. If any part of the switch is faulty, the entire LH switch assembly must be replaced.
9.5
ELECTRICAL
Key Switch
The key switch can be tested with an ohm meter.
When the key switch is turned to the “
” position, there
should be continuity between the red/whore (R/W) and
brown/white (Br/W) wires. There should also be continuity
between the brown (Br) and yellow/red (Y/R) wires.
HEADLIGHTS
The headlights are powered by an AC current from the
Generator / Stator.
When headlight switch on but working, perform the
following:
1. Disconnect the harness from the faulty light.
2. Using a Volt Ohm Meter, measure the AC voltage between
the yellow red (YE/RD) and black (BK) wires. Voltage above
5 VAC should be present when unit is running.
If voltage is present:
1. Replace the faulty bulb.
If voltage is not present:
1. The black wire should have continuity to ground. If no
continuity is present, check for an open in the wiring harness
or a poor connection.
2. If black wire has good continuity to ground, check the
wiring harness from the stator to the running lights. There
should be continuity between the (Y/R) wire at the light
connector and the (YE/RD) wire at the Generator / Stator.
3. If continuity is good. Perform stator resistance tests by using
the resistance chart located in the wiring diagram.
4. Replace Generator / Stator if resistance is not within
specification.
When the key switch is turned to the “ON” position, there
should be continuity between the red/whore (R/W) and
brown/white (Br/W) wires.
When the key is turned to the “OFF” position, there should no
continuity between any of the wires.
9.6
ELECTRICAL
Headlight Lamp Replacement
4. Pull the position bulb and replace it.
If the headlights do not operate, lamp replacement may be
required. Install only the recommended replacement lamps.
1.
Remove the socket rubber seal.
4.
Reinstall the socket into the housing and Start the engine
to make sure the lights come on. If the lights do not
operate, check the charging system and related wiring for
2.
Remove the socket rubber seal.
possible malfunction.
Headlight Adjustment
The headlight beam can be adjusted up and down and
side to side.
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface with the headlight
approximately 7.6 m (25’) from a wall.
3.
Remove the plug and replace bulb.
2. Measure the distance from the floor to the center of
the headlight and make a mark on the wall at the same
height.
3. Shift transmission to neutral, start the engine and turn
the headlight switch to high beam.
9.7
ELECTRICAL
4. Observe headlight aim. The most intense part of the
2. Remove the LED lamp and replace it with a new
headlight beam should be aimed 5.1 cm (2”) below the
recommended LED lamp. Apply Dielectric Grease to the lamp
mark placed on the wall.
terminals.
NOTE: Rider weight must be included on the seat. For
machines with separate low beam lights, the drop
should be 20.3 cm (8〃) in 25’.
5. Adjust beam to desired position by moving headlight.
3. Test the light for proper operation.
4. Reinstall the lens cover.
Taillight
Taillight Lamp Replacement
If the tail light lamp does not work, the lamp may need to be
replaced.
1. Remove the two screws securing the lens cover. Remove the
lens cover.
9.8
ELECTRICAL
SIGNAL
Front Signal Replacement
5. Remove and replace lamp.
If the headlights do not operate, lamp replacement may be
required. Install only the recommended replacement lamps
1. Take off the front signal wire plug from harness.
2. Remove front signal and bracket from cab as picture.
6. Reinstall all front signal components.
Rear Signal Replacement
1.
Remove rear signal and bracket from cab as picture.
2.
Use small blade drive screw to remove lens.
3. Remove rubber waterproof cap.
3. Remove all components and replace lamp.
4. Remove socket fastener screw and lamp socket.
4. Reinstall all rear signal components.
9.9
ELECTRICAL
Speedometer and Indicator
1. Remove the handlebar pod to access the speedometer.
Speedometer Replacement
2. Disconnect the speedometer wire connections from the
harness.
9.10
ELECTRICAL
Speedometer Digital Display Functional
1. Speed/ Hour: There are metric and English. Turn the key
3.2 In “TRIP A” press “zero” button after two seconds to
switch “off”. Press both mode and zero button then turn “on” clear the mileage.
the key switch as show.
The KM/H and MILE/H symbol will twinkle. Press right
button to select desire.
Press left button twice to finish selection.
3.3 In “TRIP B” press “zero” button after two seconds to
clear the mileage.
2. Odometer: It sum up total mileage that can’t zero or delete
anymore. But will change following KM/H and MILE/H
selection.
3. Odometer mode: there are three modes ODO, TRIP and
4. Fuel lever scale: The fuel symbol will be twinkling as
lever display less than three.
TRIP B.
3.1 As item 2, in ODO you can’t change anymore.
9.11
ELECTRICAL
5. Radiator temperature scale: There are 10 scales, the The Bimetal valve locates at right hand of cylinder.
th
fan will start at 7 scale (80℃). The temperature table list If the valve is faulty, replace the entire assembly.
as following.
The water pump locates at right hand of crank cover.
The Remove and reinstall procedure referent as chapter 4.
Scale
10
9
8
7
6
5
Range
Over 105℃
101~104℃
89~100℃
79~88℃
69~78℃
56~68℃
Scale
4
3
2
1
0
Range
49~58℃
39~48℃
29~38℃
19~28℃
Less 19℃
The fan will start at scale 7th or 8th.
When scale full scale, stop vehicle immediately, inspects
6. Tire/ wheel diameter setting:
radiator water, thermostatic, bimetal valve and water pump.
6.1 Turn the key switch “off”. Press both “mode” and “zero”
The thermostatic sensor locates at right hand of the radiator.
button then turn “on” the key switch.
If the sensor is faulty, replace the entire assembly.
6.2 Press left button to select tire diameter as show twinkle.
Do not open the radiator cap or remove sensor, hose,
bimetal valve and water pump when the engine is still hot.
9.12
ELECTRICAL
6.2 Press right button to setting tire diameter. If you pass the
IGNITION COIL TESTING
desire number continue pressing right button it will repeat
again.
The setting code from d 15-0 to d 28-7.
The setting code show as following table
Tire Spec. Rim OD.
Tire OD.
Tire
circle
Code
18x7-7
7 inch
457 mm 1436 mm
d 18-0
18x9.5-8
8 inch
459 mm 1441 mm
d 18-0
20x9-8
8 inch
508 mm 1595 mm
d 20-0
20x10-9
9 inch
508 mm 1595 mm
d 20-0
21-8-9
9 inch
536 mm 1683 mm
d 21-0
21x7-10
10 inch
536 mm 1683 mm
d 21-0
22x8-10
10 inch
561 mm 1763 mm
d 22-0
23x8-11
11 inch
588 mm 1842 mm
d 23-0
IGNITION SYSTEM
RPM LIMITER SPECIFICATIONS
Test Description
Resistance
Spade Connection to
0.5 -- 1.0 Ohms
NOTE: The ATV is limited through the CDI box located on Ground
the bulkhead under the front cab. In forward gear, the CDI Plug Cap (Cap Resistance 4--5 K Ohms
reads the RPM’s from the stator. The CDI acts as a limiter with Cap Removed)
when the peak RPM is met. In Reverse Gear, the CDI also Ignition Coil Secondary
limits RPM, taking a signal from the shift drum switch that Winding (Cap Removed)
the vehicle is in reverse.
5--9 K Ohms
ALTERNATOR OUTPUT TEST (AC AMP)
Three tests can be performed using a multimeter to
determine the condition of the stator (alternator).
9.13
ELECTRICAL
TEST 3: Measure AC Voltage Output of Each
Stator Leg at Charging RPM with a voltmeter set to
Volts AC.
1. Place the red lead on the tester in the 10A jack.
2. Turn the selector dial to the Volts AC position.
3. Start the engine and let it idle.
4. Separately test each ’leg’ of the stator by connecting
the meter leads to the wires leading from the alternator
(Y1 to Y2, Y1 to Y3, Y2 to Y3).
Alternator Current Output Reading should be no less
than 30--40V AC above 2000 RPM on each ’leg’.
NOTE: If one or more of the stator leg output AC voltage
varies significantly from the specified value, the stator
may need to be replaced.
CDI OUTPUT TEST USING PEAK READING
ADAPTOR OR A VOLT METER
Re-connect all CDI wires to stator wires. Disconnect
CDI module wire from ignition coil primary terminal.
Connect one meter lead to engine ground and the other
to the ignition coil primary wire leading from the
CDI module. Crank engine and check output of CDI wire
TEST 1: Resistance Value of Each Stator Leg
to coil. Reconnect coil wire to CDI.
1. Measure the resistance value of each of the three stator Test
Connect meter wire Reading
legs: Y1 to Y2, Y1 to Y3, and Y2 to Y3.
to:
Each should measure 0.7--1.0 ohms
2. When measuring any of the Yellow wires to ground, the
reading should be infinite (open).
NOTE: If there are any significant variations in ohm’s
CDI output
B/Y to
240DC Volts ±
Engine Ground
20%
CDI OUTPUT TEST USING PEAK READING
ADAPTOR
readings between the three legs; it is an indication that one Re-connect all CDI wires to stator wires. Disconnect
of the three stator legs maybe weak or failed.
CDI module wire from ignition coil primary terminal.
Connect one meter lead to engine ground and the other
TEST 2:Resistance Value of Stator Leg to Ground
to the ignition coil primary wire leading from the
1. Measure the resistance value of each of the stator
legs to ground: Y1 to Ground, Y2 to Ground, Y3 to
CDI module. Set meter to read DC Volts. Crank
engine and check output of CDI wire to coil.
Ground.
Average Output w/ Digital Voltmeter
NOTE: Any measurement other than Infinity (open)
will indicate a failed or shorted stator leg.
20 DCV
9.14
ELECTRICAL
CDI CRANKING OUTPUT TEST
CDI WIRES
The following peak voltage tests will measure the amount
PLUG
of output directly from each component. A peak reading
voltmeter can be used to perform the tests. A variety of
2-WIRE
peak reading adaptors are commercially available for use
with the Fluket 77 DigitalMultimeter and other digital
4-WIRE
VOMs, which will allow peak voltage tests to be
performed accurately. Follow the directions provided with
the adaptor. All measurements are indicated in Volts.
Readings obtained without a peak reading adaptor will be
significantly different.
Disconnect the stator connectors from the CDI module.
Test output from the detection and pulse (trigger) coil,
and compare to the chart. The following measurements
were obtained when cranking the engine with the electric
starter, spark plug installed.
The starter system must be in good condition and the
battery fully charged.
COLOR DECCRIPTION
Br
DC VOLTAGE INPUT.
G/Y
BRAKE LIGHT SIGNAL
B/Y
IGNITION COIL DC OUTPUT.
W/ L
REVERSE SIGNAL
B
GROUND
L/Y
PULSE COIL INPUT
210 Watt 4 Stroke CDI Ignition
Voltage
Connect
Reading
Reading
Test
Meter
(With
(With Peak
Wires To:
VOM)
Reading
Adapter)
Pulse Coil
L/Y and G
0.15 Volts
1.4--2.0
minimum
Volts
AC @
minimum
cranking
DC @
RPM
cranking
RPM
Ohm
Connect
Reading
Reading
Test
Meter
With Peak
Wires To:
Reading
Adapter)
Pulse Coil
L/Y and G
120--180
n/a
Ohms
9.15
ELECTRICAL
IGNITION SYSTEM TESTING
Whenever troubleshooting an electrical problem you should first check all terminal connections to be sure they
are clean and tight. Also be sure that colors match when wires are connected. Use the following pages as a guide
for troubleshooting. The resistance values are also given on the specification pages.
Condition: No Spark or intermittent spark
Verify 12 Volt DC power is present on the wire to CDI. Replace Spark Plug.
Test the ignition switch, engine stop
switch, and speed limiter circuit for
Verify the CDI has a good ground (B) for operation.
Does it have spark?
YES
shorts to ground.
Check connectors for moisture, wire
color matching or corrosion.
NO
Verify that a minumum of 10.5 VDC is getting to the
Inspect battery condition, connectors,
CDI module during cranking. Refer to the wiring
wiring and grounds to the component in
schematic for connections and specifications.
NO
Compare results to the specifications on the exploded
question. Replace the component if a
wiring problem cannot be found.
views. Are all within specifications?
YES
Check coil ground connection between engine and
coil mount using an ohmmeter. The coil mount should
Clean coil mounting area.
NO
Repair ground wire connections.
have good continuity to ground on the engine (0-.2 Ω
.).
YES
Disconnect and check the secondary coil. Resistance
values should be:
Primary Side - Primary Wire Tab to Ground (on coil
mount or engine): .3 to .5 Ohms
Secondary Side High Tension Wire to engine
Replace the ignition coil.
NO
ground- Cap installed - 10,500Ω.
Cap removed - 6300Ω.
Are these values within specs?
YES
If all of the above tests are within specifications, and all grounds, connections, and wire color-coding have been
inspected, perform voltage output tests on following page or replace the CDI module.
9.16
ELECTRICAL
No Spark, Weak or Intermittent Spark
NOTE: Use only the recommended fuse capacity, as
◎ No12 volt power or ground to CDI
use of a higher amperage fuse to correct blown—fuse
◎ Spark plug gap incorrect
situations could lead to electrical component
◎ Fouled spark plug
damage.
◎ Faulty spark plug cap or poor connection to high
tension lead
Voltage Regulator / Rectifier
◎ Related wiring loose, disconnected, shorted, or
1.
corroded
The voltage regulator / rectifier is located under the
headlight of right hand front cab.
◎ Engine Stop switch or ignition switch faulty
◎ Poor ignition coil ground (e.g. coil mount loose or
corroded)
◎ Faulty stator (measure resistance of all ignition related
windings)
◎ Incorrect wiring (inspect color coding in connectors
etc)
◎ Faulty ignition coil winding (measure resistance of
primary and secondary)
◎ Worn magneto (RH) end Crankshaft bearings
◎ Sheared flywheel key
2. If a problem exists with the charging system, test the
◎ Flywheel loose or damaged
components around the regulator/rectifier to isolate the
◎ Excessive crankshaft runout on magneto (RH) end -
component. If the stator is supplying sufficient AC current and
should not exceed .005〃
there is no DC current leaving the regulator/rectifier, replace
◎ Faulty CDI module
the component.
CHARGING SYSTEM
MAIN FUSE ASSEMBLY
The main fuse assembly is located under the seat and
has a 15-amp capacity.
9.17
ELECTRICAL
Charging System Testing
Whenever charging system problems are suspected, proceed with the following system checks:
Using a multitester set on D.C. volts, measure
the battery open circuit voltage (see
procedure later in chapter). It should be
12.4 volts or more. Is it?
NO
Remove the battery and properly service.
Reinstall the fully charged battery or a fully
charged shop battery.
YES
Check Key off Current Draw
YES
Meter Setting: DC Volts
With the transmission in neutral, start the
engine and increase RPM to between 3000 and
4000. Read battery voltage with the voltmeter.
Voltage readings should start to increase
towards 13.0 V D.C. Was an increase noticed?
Refer to Page 9.18.
NO
Perform system “Break Even Amperage”
test outlined on Page 9.18.
YES
Does charging occur as specified?
Meter Setting: DC Amps
Check for owner modification, and discuss
operating habits. The battery will continually
discharge if operated below the “Break Even”
RPM. Continued problems would call for battery
inspection.
NO
Disconnect the wires leading from the regulator/
rectifier. Using a multitester, perform an
Alternator Output (AC amp) test. See test
procedure on Page 9.18 for procedure.
Is output above 5 amps?
NO
Inspect the wiring harness between the panel
and the stator for damage. If no damage is found,
remove the recoil and flywheel.
Inspect the flywheel magnets, stator coils and
stator wire harness for damage. Repair or
replace any damaged components.
YES
Meter Setting: DC Volts
Reconnect the alternator wires. Note: Red wire
must be connected to harness. Battery voltage
must be present on red wire terminal on
harness side of voltage regulator connector.
Check regulator/rectifier connections and
ground, battery connections, circuit breaker and
connecting wires. Repair or replace faulty wiring
or components.
Is it?
YES
If all of the previous tests indicate a good
condition, but the charging voltage does not rise
above battery voltage at the connector or
terminal board, replace the voltage regulator.
9.18
ELECTRICAL
◎ Connect a tachometer according to manufacturer’s
instructions.
◎ With engine off and the key and kill switch in the
ON position, the ammeter should read negative amps
Do not connect or disconnect the battery cable or
(battery discharge). Reverse meter leads if a positive
ammeter with the engine running. Damage will occur to reading is indicated.
light bulbs and speed limiter.
◎ Shift transmission into neutral and start the engine. If
Connect an ammeter in series with the negative battery using an ammeter in series, start engine with kick
cable. Check for current draw with the key off.
start only.
If the draw is excessive, loads should be disconnected
◎ Turn headlight on high beam and apply the brake
from the system one by one until the draw is eliminated. light. Increase engine RPM while observing ammeter and
Check component wiring as well as the component for
tachometer.
partial shorts to ground to eliminate the draw.
◎ Note RPM at which the battery starts to charge
(ammeter indication is positive).
Current Draw - Key Off:
◎ With lights and other electrical load off, this should
Maximum of .02 DCA (20 mA)
occur at approximately 1500 RPM or lower.
◎ Turn the lights on and lock parking brake to keep
brake light on.
◎ Repeat test, observing ammeter and tachometer. With
lights on, charging should occur at or below 2000 RPM.
Do not connect or disconnect the battery cable or
ALTERNATOR OUTPUT TEST (AC AMP)
ammeter with the engine running. Damage will occur to
This test measures AC amperage from the alternator.
light bulbs and speed limiter.
The “break even” point of the charging system is the
point at which the alternator overcomes all system loads
(lights, etc.) and begins to charge the battery.
This test simulates a “full load” on the alternator.
Depending on battery condition and system load, the
Do not perform this test longer than required to
break even point may vary slightly. The battery should be obtain a reading or the alternator stator windings
fully charged before performing this test.
may overheat. Do not exceed idle rpm during this test.
◎ Clamp an inductive ammeter or connect an ammeter
(set to DC amps) in series between the negative battery
To Calculate Available Alternator Output
cable and terminal.
I=P/E, 150W / 12V = 12.5 Amps I =
CURRENT DRAW - KEY OFF
I = Current in Amps
P = Power in Watts
E = Electromotive Force (Volts)
Alternator Current Output:
Minimum of 5 AC Amps
◎ Maximum alternator output will be indicated on the
meter. It is not necessary to increase engine RPM above
idle.
◎ Place the red lead on the tester in the 10A jack.
◎ Turn the selector dial to the AC amps position.
◎ Connect the meter leads to the wires leading
from the alternator (see schematic for proper wiring
colors).
◎ Start the engine and let it idle. Reading should be
a minimum of 5A at idle.
9.19
ELECTRICAL
BATTERY
BATTERY IDENTIFICATION
NOTICE: It is important to identify what type of battery
you have installed in your ATV. Different types of
batteries require different service procedures.
Proper servicing and upkeep of your battery is very
important for maintaining long battery life.
Your ATV may have a Conventional Battery or a
Sealed Low Maintenance Battery. To identify which
type of battery your ATV has, refer to the illustration
below and follow the correct service and charging
procedures that follow in the manual.
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCE BATTERY
NOTE: All Low Maintenance batteries are fully charged
and tested at the factory before installation. Expected
shelf life varies upon storage conditions. As a general
rule before placing the battery into service, check the
battery condition and charge accordingly.
Battery Check:
1. Check the date label on the side of the battery to
calculate when to check voltage. The battery should be
checked every 3 months.
2. Check the voltage with a voltmeter or multimeter.
A fully charged battery should be 12.8 V or higher.
3. If the voltage is below 12.8 V, the battery will need to be
recharged.
New Batteries: Batteries must be fully charged before
use or battery life can be reduced by 10-30% of full
potential. Charge battery for 3—5 hours using a
variable rate charger. Do not use the alternator to
charge a new battery. A high rate battery charger can
cause battery damage.
Low Maintenance batteries are permanently sealed at
the time of manufacture. The use of lead--calcium and
AGM technology instead of lead--antimony allows the
battery acid to be fully absorbed. For this reason, a
Low Maintenance battery case is dark and the cell caps
are not removable, since there is no need to check
electrolyte level.
9.20
ELECTRICAL
NEVER attempt to add electrolyte or water to a Low
Maintenance battery. Doing so will damage the case
and shorten the life of the battery. Refer to the
Battery Activation and Maintenance Video (PN
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCE BATTERY
INSPECTION/ REMOVAL
The battery is located under the seat.
9917987) for proper instruction on servicing Low
Maintenance batteries.
NEVER attempt to add electrolyte or water to a Low
Maintenance battery. Doing so will damage the case
and shorten the life of the battery. Refer to the
Battery Maintenance Video (PN 9917987) for proper
instruction on servicing Low Maintenance batteries.
How To service a Low Maintenance battery:
1. Remove battery from the vehicle
2. Test battery with a voltage meter or load tester to
determine battery condition. This will determine the
length of time required to charge the battery to full
capacity. Refer to capacity table.
3. Charge battery using a variable rate charger.
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCEBATTERY
CHARGING
1. Disconnect holder strap..
2. Disconnect battery negative (-) (black) cable first,
followed by the positive (+) (red) cable.
If battery voltage is 12.8 V or less, the battery may need
recharging. When using an automatic charger, refer to
Whenever removing or reinstalling the battery,
the charger manufacturer’s instructions for recharging.
disconnect the negative (black) cable first and reinstall
When using a constant current charger, use the following
the negative cable last!
guidelines for recharging.
NOTE: Always verify battery condition before and 1-2
3. Remove the battery.
hours after the end of charging.
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCE BATTERY
WARNING: An overheated battery could explode,
causing severe injury or death. Always watch charging INSTALLATION
times carefully. Stop charging if the battery becomes very 1. Clean battery cables and terminals with a stiff wire
warm to the touch. Allow it to cool before resuming
charging.
Battery Charging Reference Table
State of
VOLTAGE
ACTION
CHARGE TIME
cup water and one tablespoon baking soda. Rinse well
with clean water and dry thoroughly.
2. Route the cables correctly.
Charge
100% 12.8-13.0V
None
FULL None Required
12.5-12.8V
Slight
3-6 Hours @ 0.5 A
75%
3. Reinstall battery, attaching positive (+) (red) cable first
and then the negative (-) (black) cable. Coat terminals
and bolt threads with Grease.
Charge
50%
brush. Corrosion can be removed using a solution of one
12-12.5V
Charge 5-11 Hours @ 0.5 A
11.5-12.0V
Charge 13+ Hours @ 0.5 A
4. Reinstall the holder strap.
25%
Check Charging
Less than
Charge 20 Hours @ 0.5 A
0%
11.5v
Battery may be dead
9.21
ELECTRICAL
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCE BATTERY
TESTING
A battery may indicate a full charge condition in the OCV
Whenever a service complaint is related to either the starting
or charging systems, the battery should be checked first.
Following are three tests which can easily be made on a
battery to determine its condition: OCV Test,
Specific Gravity Test and Load Test.
storage capacity necessary to properly function in the
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCE BATTERY -OCV – OPEN CIRCUIT VOLTAGE TEST
multitester to the battery in the same manner as was
test and the specific gravity test, but still may not have the
electrical system. For this reason, a battery capacity or
load test should be conducted whenever poor battery
performance is encountered. To perform this test, hook a
done in the OCV test. The reading should be 12.6 volts
Battery voltage should be checked with a digital
or greater. Engage the starter and observe the battery
multitester. Readings of 12.8 volts or less require further
voltage while cranking the engine. Continue the test for
battery testing and charging. See charts and
15 seconds. During cranking the observed voltage should
Load Test.
NOTE: Lead-acid batteries should be kept at or near a full not drop below 9.5 volts. If the beginning voltage is 12.6
charge as possible. If the battery is stored or used in a
volts or higher and the cranking voltage drops below 9.5
partially charged condition, or with low electrolyte levels,
hard crystal sulfation will form on the plates, reducing the volts during the test, replace the battery.
efficiency and service life of the battery.
NOTE: Use a voltmeter or multimeter to test batter
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCE BATTERY
voltage.
OFF—SEASON STORAGE
OPEN CIRCUIT VOLTAGE
State of charge
Maintenance Free Low Maintenance
Type
100%
13.0V
12.70V
75% Charged
12.80V
12.50V
50% Charged
12.50V
12.20V
25% Charged
12.20V
12.0V
0% Charged
Less than 12.0V
Less than 11.9V
* At 28℃
To prevent battery damage during extended periods of
non-use, the following basic battery maintenance items must
be performed:
◎ Remove the battery from the machine and wash the
case and battery tray with a mild solution of baking soda
and water. Rinse with lots of fresh water after cleaning.
◎ Using a wire brush or knife, remove any corrosion
from the cables and terminals.
◎ Charge at a rate no greater than 1/10 of the battery’s
NOTE: Subtract .01 from the specific gravity reading at 0℃.
amp/hr capacity until the voltage reaches 13.0VDC or
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCE BATTERY
LOAD TEST
greater.
◎ Store the battery either in the machine with the cables
disconnected, or store in a cool place.
Whenever removing or reinstalling the battery,
disconnect the negative (black) cable first and reinstall
the negative cable last!
NOTE: This test can only be performed on machines with
electric starters. This test cannot be performed with an
engine or starting system that is not working properly.
9.22
ELECTRICAL
NOTE: Stored batteries lose their charge at the rate of up
to 1% per day. Recharge to full capacity every 30 to 60
days during a non-use period. If the battery is stored
during the winter months, electrolyte will freeze at higher
temperatures as the battery discharges. The chart below Battery electrolyte is poisonous. It contains sulfuric acid.
indicates freezing points by specific gravity.
Serious burns can result from contact with skin, eyes or
Electrolyte Freezing Points
clothing. Antidote:
Specific Gravity of Electrolyte Freezing Point
External: Flush with water.
Internal: Drink large quantities of water or milk.
1.265
-80℃ (-75° F)
1.225
-37℃ (-35° F)
1.200
-27℃ (-17° F)
Eyes: Flush with water for 15 minutes and get prompt
1.150
-15℃ (+5° F)
medical attention.
1.100
-8℃ (+18° F)
Batteries produce explosive gases. Keep sparks, flame,
1.050
-3℃ (+27° F)
SEALED LOW MAINTENANCE BATTERY
CHARGING PROCEDURE
Follow with milk of magnesia, beaten egg, or vegetable
oil. Call physician immediately.
cigarettes, etc. away. Ventilate when charging or using
in an enclosed space.
Always shield eyes when working near batteries.
KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
1. Remove the battery from the ATV to prevent damage
from leaking or spilled acid during charging.
2. Charge the battery with a variable rate charging output.
Charge as needed to raise the voltage to
The gases given off by a battery are explosive. Any
12.8VDC or greater.
3. Install battery in vehicle with positive terminal toward spark or open flame near a battery can cause an
explosion, which will spray battery acid on anyone close
the front. Coat threads of battery bolt with a corrosion
to it. Should there be contact with battery acid, wash the
resistant Grease.
affected area with large quantities of cool water and seek
4. Route cables so they are tucked away in front and
immediate medical attention.
behind battery.
NOTE: New Battery: Battery must be fully charged
5. Connect battery cables.
before use or battery life will be significantly reduced
10-30% of the battery’s full potential.
To activate a new battery:
To avoid the possibility of sparks and explosion, connect 1. Remove vent plug from vent fitting. Remove cell caps.
positive (red) cable first and negative (black) cable last. 2. Fill battery with electrolyte to upper level marks on
6. After connecting the battery cables, install the cover on case.
3. Set battery aside to allow for acid absorption and
the battery and attach the hold down strap.
stabilization for 30 minutes.
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY ACTIVATION/
4. Add electrolyte to bring level back to upper level mark
SVC
on case.
To ensure maximum service life and performance from a
NOTE: This is the last time that electrolyte should be
battery, perform the following steps.
added. If the level becomes low after this point, add only
NOTE: This section contains information for both
distilled water.
conventional Lead--Acid batteries and Sealed Low
5. Charge battery at 1/10 of its amp/hour rating.
Maintenance batteries. Before service, identify the battery
Examples: 1/10 of 9 amp battery = .9 amp; 1/10 of 14
type in the vehicle. Use the section that applies to the
amp battery = 1.4 amp; 1/10 of 18 amp battery = 1.8 amp
battery.
(recommended charging rates).
9.23
ELECTRICAL
6. Check specific gravity of each cell with a hydrometer to
assure each has a reading of 1.270 or higher.
BATTERY TERMINALS/TERMINAL BOLTS
Refill using only distilled water. Tap water contains
Use corrosion resistant grease on battery bolts. See
minerals that are harmful to a battery.
Battery Installation.
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY INSPECTION/
REMOVAL
The battery is located under the seat and the right rear
Do not allow cleaning solution or tap water inside the
fender see page 9.20.
battery. Battery life may be reduced.
Inspect the battery fluid level. When the battery fluid
5. Reinstall the battery caps.
nears the lower level, remove the battery and fill with
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY INSTALLATION
distilled water only to the upper level line. To remove the 1. Clean battery cables and terminals with a stiff wire
battery:
brush. Corrosion can be removed using a solution of one
cup water and one tablespoon baking soda.
Rinse well with clean water and dry thoroughly.
2. Route the cables correctly.
3. Reinstall battery, attaching positive (+) (red) cable first
and then the negative (-) (black) cable. Coat terminals
and bolt threads with Grease.
4. Install clear battery vent tube from vehicle to battery
vent.
1. Disconnect holder strap and remove covers.
Vent tube must be free from obstructions and kinks and
2. Disconnect battery negative (-) (black) cable first,
securely installed. If not, battery gases could accumulate
followed by the positive (+) (red) cable.
and cause an explosion. The vent tube should be routed
away from frame and body to prevent contact with
electrolyte. Avoid skin contact with electrolyte, as severe
burns could result. If electrolyte contacts the vehicle
Whenever removing or reinstalling the battery,
frame, corrosion will occur.
disconnect the negative (black) cable first and reinstall
5. Reinstall the holder strap.
the negative cable last!
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY TESTING
Whenever a service complaint is related to either the starting
3. Remove the battery.
or charging systems, the battery should be checked first.
4. Remove the filler caps and add distilled water only as Following are three tests which can easily be made on a
needed to bring each cell to the proper level. Do not
battery to determine its condition: OCV Test,
overfill the battery.
Specific Gravity Test and Load Test.
9.24
ELECTRICAL
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY OCV - OPEN
CIRCUIT VOLTAGE TEST
Battery voltage should be checked with a digital
multitester. Readings of 12.6 volts or less require further
battery testing and charging. See charts and
Load Test on below.
NOTE: Lead-acid batteries should be kept at or near a full
OPEN CIRCUIT VOLTAGE
State of charge
100%
75% Charged
50% Charged
25% Charged
0% Charged
Conventional
Lead-acid
12.60V
12.40V
12.10V
11.8V
Less than
Low Maintenance
Type
12.70V
12.50V
12.20V
12.0V
Less than 11.9V
charge as possible. Electrolyte level should be kept
between the low and full marks. If the battery is stored or
SPECIFIC GRAVITY
used in a partially charged condition, or with low electrolyte State of charge* Conventional
lead-acid
levels, hard crystal sulfating will form on the plates, reducing
1.265
100%
the efficiency and service life of the battery.
1.210
75% Charged
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY SPECIFIC
1.160
50% Charged
1.120
25% Charged
GRAVITY TEST
Less than 1.100
0%
Charged
A tool such as a Battery Hydrometer can be used to
measure electrolyte strength or specific gravity. As the
battery goes through the charge/discharge cycle, the
Low Maintenance
Type
1.275
1.225
1.175
1.135
Less than 1.115
* At 28℃
NOTE: Subtract .01 from the specific gravity reading at 0℃.
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY LOAD TEST
electrolyte goes from a heavy (more acidic) state at full
charge to a light (more water) state when discharged. The
hydrometer can measure state of charge and differences
To prevent shock or component damage, remove
spark plug high tension leads and connect securely to
engine ground before proceeding.
greater should be observed in a fully charged battery.
NOTE: This test can only be performed onmachines
Differences ofmore than .025 between the lowest and
with electric starters. This test cannot be performed
highest cell readings indicate a need to replace the battery. with an engine or starting system that is not working
properly. A batterymay indicate a full charge condition
in the OCV test and the specific gravity test, but still
may not have the storage capacity necessary to
properly function in the electrical system. For this
reason, a battery capacity or load test should be
conducted whenever poor battery performance is
encountered. To perform this test, hook a multitester to
the battery in the same manner as was done in the
OCV test. The reading should be 12.6 volts or greater.
Engage the starter and observe the battery voltage
while cranking the engine. Continue the test for
15 seconds. During cranking the observed voltage
should not drop below 9.5 volts. If the beginning
voltage is 12.6 volts or higher and the cranking voltage
drops below 9.5 volts during the test, replace the
battery.
between cells in a multi-cell battery. Readings of 1.270 or
9.25
ELECTRICAL
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY OFF SEASON
STORAGE
To prevent battery damage during extended periods of
non-use, the following basic battery maintenance items
must be performed:
◎ Remove the battery from the machine and wash the
case and battery tray with a mild solution of baking soda
and water. Rinse with lots of fresh water after cleaning.
NOTE: Do not get any of the baking soda into the battery
or the acid will be neutralized.
◎ Using a wire brush or knife, remove any corrosion
from the cables and terminals.
◎ Make sure that the electrolyte is at the proper level.
Add distilled water if necessary.
◎ Charge at a rate no greater than 1/10 of the battery’s
amp/hr capacity until the electrolyte’s specific gravity
reaches 1.270 or greater.
◎ Store the battery either in the machine with the cables
disconnected, or store in a cool place.
NOTE: Stored batteries lose their charge at the rate of
1% per day. Recharge to full capacity every 30 to
60 days during a non-use period. If the battery is stored
during the winter months, electrolyte will freeze at higher
temperatures as the battery discharges. The chart below
indicates freezing points by specific gravity.
Electrolyte Freezing Points
Specific Gravity of Electrolyte Freezing Point
1.265
-80℃ (-75° F)
1.225
-37℃ (-35° F)
1.200
-27℃ (-17° F)
1.150
-15℃ (+5° F)
1.100
-8℃ (+18° F)
1.050
-3℃ (+27° F)
CONVENTIONAL BATTERY CHARGING
PROCEDURE
1. Remove the battery from the ATV to prevent damage
from leaking or spilled acid during charging.
2. Charge the battery with a charging output no larger
than 1/10 of the battery’s amp/hr rating. Charge as
needed to raise the specific gravity to 1.270 or greater.
3. Install battery in vehicle with positive terminal toward
To avoid the possibility of explosion, connect positive
(red) cable first and negative (black) cable last.
5. After connecting the battery cables, install the cover on
the battery and attach the hold down strap.
6. Install clear battery vent tube from vehicle to battery
vent.
Vent tube must be free from obstructions and kinks and
securely installed. If not, battery gases could accumulate
and cause an explosion. Vent should be routed away
from frame and body to prevent contact with electrolyte.
Avoid skin contact with electrolyte, as severe burns
could result. If electrolyte contacts the vehicle frame,
corrosion will occur.
7. Route cables so they are tucked away in front and
behind battery.
8. Reinstall battery, attaching positive (+) (red) cable first
and then the negative (-) (black) cable. Coat terminals
and bolt threads with Dielectric Grease.
9. (Conventional Lead/Acid Batteries Only) Install clear
battery vent tube from vehicle to battery vent.
Vent tube must be free from obstructions and kinks and
securely installed. If not, battery gases could accumulate
and cause an explosion. Vent should be routed away
from frame and body to prevent contact with electrolyte.
Avoid skin contact with battery electrolyte, severe burns
could result. If electrolyte contacts the vehicle frame,
corrosion will occur.
10. Route cables so they are tucked away in front and
behind battery.
11. Reinstall battery cover and holder strap.
the front. Coat threads of battery bolt with a corrosion
resistant dielectric grease.
4. Connect battery cables.
Do not run the engine with the battery disconnected.
Electrical components can become damaged.
9.26
ELECTRICAL
STARTER SYSTEM
Starter Relay
Use the illustration below when troubleshooting a “No Start”
condition.
Take off the right side panel. The starter relay locates under
right hand rear cab.
The starter relay consists of a simple 2-way circuit. Power is
present at the (R/B) wire from the battery. Once the switching
side of the relay receives power from the brake switch (G/Y)
and a ground path from the starter button (G/R), battery power
Starter Motor Service
The starter motor is a complete service part. If it is determined
that the starter motor is the failed part, replace as needed. See
the parts manual for correct part numbers.
is sent to the starter motor to crank the engine.
VOLTAGE DROP TEST
The Voltage Drop Test is used to test for bad
connections. When performing the test, you are testing
the amount of voltage drop through the connection. A
poor or corroded connection will appear as a high
voltage reading. Voltage drop shown on the meter when
testing connections should not exceed 0.1 VDC per
connection or component.
To perform the test, place the meter on DC volts and
place the meter leads across the connection to be tested.
Refer to the chart on next page to perform voltage drop
tests on the starter system.
Voltage Drop should not exceed: 0.1 DC volts per
connection
Starter Motor Disassembly
NOTE: Use only electrical contact cleaner to clean
starter motor parts. Other solvents may leave a
residue or damage internal parts and insulation.
NOTE: Some starter motors may not be serviceable.
Replacement of entire assembly may be required.
Check the parts manual for replacement part
information.
9.27
ELECTRICAL
1. Disconnect the negative battery cable and starter motor
Starter Brush Inspection / Replacement
harness. Remove the (2) bolts from the starter and pull it from
the engine.
1. Release the brush coil spring away.
2. Push the armature out of case.
2. Remove the 2 main screws.
3. Using an Ohmmeter, measure the resistance between the
cable terminal and the insulated brush. The reading should
be .3 ohms or less. Measure the resistance between the cable
terminal and brush housing. Make sure the brush is not
touching the case. The reading should be infinite (no reading).
4. Remove the brush plate and brushes. Measure the brush
length and replace if worn past the service limit.
3. Remove magnet housing while holding the armature and
brush holder section together.
Brush Length Service Limit
10 mm (0.40“)
9.28
ELECTRICAL
4. Check commutator bars for discoloration. Bars discolored in
pairs indicate shorted coils, requiring replacement of the
discoloration. See Armature Test.
starter motor.
4. Be sure that the terminal bolt insulation washer is properly
5. Place armature in a growler. Turn growler on and position
seated in the housing and the tab on the brush plate engages the
a hacksaw blade or feeler gauge lengthwise 3mm(1/8〃)
notch in the brush plate housing.
above armature coil laminates. Rotate armature 360°. If
hacksaw blade is drawn to armature on any pole, the armature
Armature Test
is shorted and must be replaced.
1. Inspect surface of commutator. Replace if excessively worn
6. Inspect the permanent magnets in starter housing. Make
or damaged.
sure they are not cracked or separated from housing.
2. Using a digital multi-tester, measure the resistance between
CAUTION
each of the commutator segments. The reading should be
3 ohms or less.
Use care when handling the starter housing.
5. Inspect the surface of the commutator for wear or
Do not drop or strike the housing, as magnet damage is
possible. If the magnets are damaged, the starter must
be replaced.
Starter Reassembly
1. Place armature in field magnet casing.
2. Inspect and replace the O-rings if damaged.
3. Install case sealing O-ring. Make sure O-ring is in good
condition and not twisted on the case. Lubricate the ends of
the armature shaft and oil seal with a light film of grease, and
install housing.
3. Measure the resistance between each commutator segment
4. Pushing back brushes while installing armature shaft. Install
and the armature shaft. The reading should be infinite. (no
the coil spring behind brush.
continuity)
5. Reinstall starter motor housing screws and washers. Make
sure O-rings are in good condition and seated in groove.
Tighten sufficiently.
6. Reinstall the starter motor to the engine.
9.29
ELECTRICAL
STARTER SYSTEM TESTING
Condition: Starter fails to turn motor. NOTE: Make sure engine crankshaft is free to turn before proceeding with dynamic
testing of starter system. A digital multitester must be used for this test.
With the tester on the VDC position, place the tester’s
black lead on the battery negative and the red lead on
the battery positive. Reading should be 12.4 volts or
Remove battery and properly service. Install fully
NO
charged shop battery to continue test.
greater
YES
Disconnect R/B engagement wire from the starter relay.
Check voltage on both sides of circuit breaker, ignition
Connect tester black wire to battery ground. Connect
switch/engine stop switch, starter button and brake
red tester lead to R/B harness wire at relay. Turn on
ignition switch and depress the starter button. Tester
switches. The voltage on both sides should be the
NO
should read battery voltage.
same. NOTE: The ignition switch and engine stop
switch must be on, the starter button and brake
depressed. Replace the defective component.
Test starter relay coil by connecting an ohmmeter between the
coil leads. Resistance should be 3.4.±1 . Check relay ground
YES
path by measuring resistance between the G/Y harness wire
and battery negative terminal (-).
Reconnect the solenoid. Connect the tester black lead
to the battery positive and the red lead to the relay end
of the battery-to-relay wire. Depress starter button.
Clean the battery-to-solenoid cable ends or replace
NO
the cable.
Reading should be less than.1 V D.C.
YES
Connect the black tester lead to relay end of
battery-to-relay cable. Connect red tester lead to relay
end of relay-to-starter cable. Depress starter button.
Reading should be less than .1 V D.C.
Replace the starter relay.
NO
YES
Connect the black tester lead to the relay end of the
relay-to-starter cable. Connect the red tester lead to the
starter end of the same cable. Depress the starter
Clean the relay-to-starter cable ends or replace the
NO
cable.
button. Reading should be less than .1 V D.C.
YES
If all of these indicate a good condition, yet the starter still fails to turn,
the starter must be removed for static testing and inspection.
9.30
ELECTRICAL
STARTER SYSTEM TROUBLESHOOTING
Starter Motor Does Not Turn
◎ Battery discharged - low specific gravity
◎ Loose or faulty battery cables or corroded
connections (see Voltage Drop Tests)
◎ Related wiring loose, disconnected, or corroded
◎ Poor ground connections at battery cable, starter
motor or starter solenoid (see Voltage Drop Tests)1
◎ Faulty starter button
◎ Faulty ignition switch (Do other systems function?)
◎ Faulty starter relay starter motor.
◎ Engine problem - seized or binding (Can engine be
rotated easily with recoil starter?)
Starter Motor Turns Over Slowly
◎ Battery discharged - low specific gravity
◎ Excessive circuit resistance – poor connections (see
Voltage Drop Test below)
◎ Engine problem - seized or binding (Can engine be
rotated easily with recoil starter?)
◎ Faulty or worn brushes in starter motor
◎ Automatic compression release inoperative
Starter Motor Turns - Engine Does Not Rotate
◎ Faulty starter one way
◎ Faulty starter one way gears or starter motor gear
◎ Faulty one way gear or loose flywheel
9.31
ELECTRICAL
9.32