BTA204 SERIES B C

Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Three quadrant triacs
high commutation
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
Passivated high commutation triacs in
a plastic envelope intended for use in
circuits where high static and dynamic
dV/dt and high dI/dt can occur. These
devices will commutate the full rated
rms current at the maximum rated
junction temperature without the aid of
a snubber.
PINNING - TO220AB
PIN
DESCRIPTION
1
main terminal 1
2
main terminal 2
3
gate
BTA204 series B and C
QUICK REFERENCE DATA
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
BTA204BTA204-
VDRM
IT(RMS)
ITSM
Repetitive peak
off-state voltages
RMS on-state current
Non-repetitive peak on-state
current
PIN CONFIGURATION
MAX.
MAX.
MAX. UNIT
500B
500C
500
600B
600C
600
800B
800C
800
V
4
25
4
25
4
25
A
A
SYMBOL
tab
T2
tab
T1
G
1 23
main terminal 2
LIMITING VALUES
Limiting values in accordance with the Absolute Maximum System (IEC 134).
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
VDRM
Repetitive peak off-state
voltages
IT(RMS)
RMS on-state current
ITSM
Non-repetitive peak
on-state current
I2t
dIT/dt
IGM
VGM
PGM
PG(AV)
Tstg
Tj
I2t for fusing
Repetitive rate of rise of
on-state current after
triggering
Peak gate current
Peak gate voltage
Peak gate power
Average gate power
CONDITIONS
MIN.
-
full sine wave;
Tmb ≤ 107 ˚C
full sine wave;
Tj = 25 ˚C prior to
surge
t = 20 ms
t = 16.7 ms
t = 10 ms
ITM = 6 A; IG = 0.2 A;
dIG/dt = 0.2 A/µs
over any 20 ms
period
Storage temperature
Operating junction
temperature
MAX.
-500
5001
-600
6001
UNIT
-800
800
V
-
4
A
-
25
27
3.1
100
A
A
A2s
A/µs
-
2
5
5
0.5
A
V
W
W
-40
-
150
125
˚C
˚C
1 Although not recommended, off-state voltages up to 800V may be applied without damage, but the triac may
switch to the on-state. The rate of rise of current should not exceed 6 A/µs.
December 1998
1
Rev 1.000
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Three quadrant triacs
high commutation
BTA204 series B and C
THERMAL RESISTANCES
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
Rth j-mb
Thermal resistance
full cycle
junction to mounting base half cycle
Thermal resistance
in free air
junction to ambient
Rth j-a
CONDITIONS
MIN.
TYP.
MAX.
UNIT
-
60
3.0
3.7
-
K/W
K/W
K/W
STATIC CHARACTERISTICS
Tj = 25 ˚C unless otherwise stated
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN.
TYP.
BTA2042
IGT
Gate trigger current
IL
Latching current
IH
Holding current
VT
VGT
On-state voltage
Gate trigger voltage
ID
Off-state leakage current
VD = 12 V; IT = 0.1 A
T2+ G+
T2+ GT2- GVD = 12 V; IGT = 0.1 A
T2+ G+
T2+ GT2- GVD = 12 V; IGT = 0.1 A
IT = 5 A
VD = 12 V; IT = 0.1 A
VD = 400 V; IT = 0.1 A;
Tj = 125 ˚C
VD = VDRM(max); Tj = 125 ˚C
MAX.
UNIT
...B
...C
-
-
50
50
50
35
35
35
mA
mA
mA
-
-
30
45
30
30
20
30
20
20
mA
mA
mA
mA
0.25
1.4
0.7
0.4
1.7
1.5
-
V
V
V
-
0.1
0.5
mA
DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS
Tj = 25 ˚C unless otherwise stated
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN.
BTA204-
dVD/dt
dIcom/dt
tgt
Critical rate of rise of
off-state voltage
Critical rate of change of
commutating current
Gate controlled turn-on
time
VDM = 67% VDRM(max); Tj = 125 ˚C;
exponential waveform; gate open circuit
VDM = 400 V; Tj = 125 ˚C; IT(RMS) = 4 A;
dVcom/dt = 20V/µs; gate open circuit
ITM = 12 A; VD = VDRM(max); IG = 0.1 A;
dIG/dt = 5 A/µs
...B
...C
1000
1000
TYP.
UNIT
-
V/µs
6
3
-
A/ms
-
-
2
µs
2 Device does not trigger in the T2-, G+ quadrant.
December 1998
2
Rev 1.000
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Three quadrant triacs
high commutation
8
BTA204 series B and C
BT136
Ptot / W
Tmb(max) / C
5
101
IT(RMS) / A
BT136
104
7
6
= 180
1
107 C
4
107
120
5
110
90
60
4
3
113
30
3
116
2
119
1
122
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
IT(RMS) / A
125
5
4
0
-50
Fig.1. Maximum on-state dissipation, Ptot, versus rms
on-state current, IT(RMS), where α = conduction angle.
1000
50
Tmb / C
100
150
Fig.4. Maximum permissible rms current IT(RMS) ,
versus mounting base temperature Tmb.
BT136
ITSM / A
0
12
BT136
IT(RMS) / A
ITSM
IT
10
T
time
8
Tj initial = 25 C max
100
6
dIT /dt limit
4
T2- G+ quadrant
2
10
10us
100us
1ms
T/s
10ms
0
0.01
100ms
Fig.2. Maximum permissible non-repetitive peak
on-state current ITSM, versus pulse width tp, for
sinusoidal currents, tp ≤ 20ms.
30
ITSM / A
BT136
T
Tj initial = 25 C max
1.2
1
10
0.8
5
0.6
1
10
100
Number of cycles at 50Hz
0.4
-50
1000
Fig.3. Maximum permissible non-repetitive peak
on-state current ITSM, versus number of cycles, for
sinusoidal currents, f = 50 Hz.
December 1998
BT136
1.4
time
15
0
VGT(Tj)
VGT(25 C)
I TSM
IT
20
10
Fig.5. Maximum permissible repetitive rms on-state
current IT(RMS), versus surge duration, for sinusoidal
currents, f = 50 Hz; Tmb ≤ 107˚C.
1.6
25
0.1
1
surge duration / s
0
50
Tj / C
100
150
Fig.6. Normalised gate trigger voltage
VGT(Tj)/ VGT(25˚C), versus junction temperature Tj.
3
Rev 1.000
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Three quadrant triacs
high commutation
3
IGT(Tj)
IGT(25 C)
BTA204 series B and C
12
BTA204
Tj = 125 C
Tj = 25 C
T2+ G+
T2+ GT2- G-
2.5
typ
10
max
Vo = 1.27 V
Rs = 0.091 ohms
8
2
1.5
6
1
4
0.5
2
0
-50
0
50
Tj / C
100
0
150
Fig.7. Normalised gate trigger current
IGT(Tj)/ IGT(25˚C), versus junction temperature Tj.
3
BT136
IT / A
IL(Tj)
IL(25 C)
0
0.5
1
1.5
VT / V
2
2.5
3
Fig.10. Typical and maximum on-state characteristic.
10
TRIAC
BT136
Zth j-mb (K/W)
unidirectional
2.5
bidirectional
1
2
1.5
0.1
1
P
D
tp
0.5
t
0
-50
0
50
Tj / C
100
0.01
10us
150
IH(Tj)
IH(25C)
1ms
10ms
0.1s
1s
10s
tp / s
Fig.11. Transient thermal impedance Zth j-mb, versus
pulse width tp.
Fig.8. Normalised latching current IL(Tj)/ IL(25˚C),
versus junction temperature Tj.
3
0.1ms
TRIAC
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
0
-50
0
50
Tj / C
100
150
Fig.9. Normalised holding current IH(Tj)/ IH(25˚C),
versus junction temperature Tj.
December 1998
4
Rev 1.000
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Three quadrant triacs
high commutation
BTA204 series B and C
MECHANICAL DATA
Dimensions in mm
4,5
max
Net Mass: 2 g
10,3
max
1,3
3,7
2,8
5,9
min
15,8
max
3,0 max
not tinned
3,0
13,5
min
1,3
max 1 2 3
(2x)
0,9 max (3x)
2,54 2,54
0,6
2,4
Fig.12. SOT78 (TO220AB). pin 2 connected to mounting base.
Notes
1. Refer to mounting instructions for SOT78 (TO220) envelopes.
2. Epoxy meets UL94 V0 at 1/8".
December 1998
5
Rev 1.000
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Three quadrant triacs
high commutation
BTA204 series B and C
DEFINITIONS
Data sheet status
Objective specification
This data sheet contains target or goal specifications for product development.
Preliminary specification This data sheet contains preliminary data; supplementary data may be published later.
Product specification
This data sheet contains final product specifications.
Limiting values
Limiting values are given in accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 134). Stress above one
or more of the limiting values may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only and
operation of the device at these or at any other conditions above those given in the Characteristics sections of
this specification is not implied. Exposure to limiting values for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Application information
Where application information is given, it is advisory and does not form part of the specification.
 Philips Electronics N.V. 1998
All rights are reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited without the prior written consent of the
copyright owner.
The information presented in this document does not form part of any quotation or contract, it is believed to be
accurate and reliable and may be changed without notice. No liability will be accepted by the publisher for any
consequence of its use. Publication thereof does not convey nor imply any license under patent or other
industrial or intellectual property rights.
LIFE SUPPORT APPLICATIONS
These products are not designed for use in life support appliances, devices or systems where malfunction of these
products can be reasonably expected to result in personal injury. Philips customers using or selling these products
for use in such applications do so at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify Philips for any damages resulting
from such improper use or sale.
December 1998
6
Rev 1.000