Agilent
PNA Microwave
Network Analyzers
Please note: This document does not contain
Agilent’s most up-to-date PNA Series network
analyzer portfolio. This document is available for
reference only for customers using Agilent’s legacy
network analyzers. To view the current Agilent PNA
Microwave Network Analyzers brochure click here.
PNA Network Analyzers: E8362/3/4B, E8361A
10 MHz to 20, 40, 50, 67, or 110 GHz
PNA-L Network Analyzers: N5230A
300 kHz to 6, 13.5, or 20 GHz
10 MHz to 20, 40, or 50 GHz
PNA-X Network Analyzers: N5242A
10 MHz to 26.5 GHz
The stan dard in microwave
network analysis
Welcome to the world of PNAs –
The most popular microwave network analyzers
Key features
The PNA Series builds on Agilent’s 40-year legacy of
excellence to deliver new standards in speed, accuracy,
and versatility for microwave network analysis. The PNA’s
architecture includes high quality, stable hardware and
flexible software. The standard PNA is suitable for testing
passive and active devices such as filters and amplifiers.
Users can easily add options to test mixers, harmonics,
intermodulation distortion (IMD), pulsed-RF, antennas and
millimeter-wave (mmwave) components.
Excellent performance
• High dynamic range: 127 dB at 20 GHz at test port
• Low trace noise: 0.002 dB rms at 1 kHz bandwidth
• Fast measurement speed: 4.5 to 26 µsec/point
• High stability: 0.05 dB/degrees Celsius
State-of-the-art calibration capabilities and
wide-range of ECal modules
Advanced applications for mixer and pulse
measurements
Single-ended and balanced measurements
32 measurement channels, unlimited traces,
and 16,001 points per channel
Connectivity with Open Windows® XP,
6 USB connectors, LAN, and GPIB
PNA Models
PNA
PNA-L
300 kHz 2
to 6 GHz ports
300 kHz 2, 4 ports
to 13.5 GHz
PNA-X
2 ports 10 MHz
to 20 GHz
2 ports 10 MHz
to 40 GHz
300 kHz 4 ports
to 20 GHz
2 ports 10 MHz
to 50 GHz
10 MHz 2 ports
to 20 GHz
2 ports 10 MHz
to 67 GHz
10 MHz 2 ports
to 40 GHz
10 MHz 2 ports
to 50 GHz
2 ports 10 MHz
to 110 GHz
2, 4 ports 10 MHz to 26.5 GHz
Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
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Common features across the PNA Series
Flexible user interface:
hard keys, soft keys,
and pull-down menus
Configurable
test set available
on all models
Up to
10 markers
per trace
32 measurement
channels and
unlimited traces
Linear, log,
power, CW, and
segment sweep
State-of-the-art
calibration
capabilities
Equation editor
and time-domain
analysis
On-line
Help
Quick access
for ECal and other
USB devices
The PNA-X integrates a 10.4 inch high resolution display
with a touch screen, which provides a crisp view and easy
access to all data and traces. This enhanced user interface
allows intuitive operation and helps you set up
complex measurements quickly.
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PNA-X – The premier-performance microwave network analyzer
The industry-leading performance and highly integrated configurable nature of the PNA-X make it the ideal solution to address
active device measurement challenges. The PNA-X enables engineers to stay on the leading edge of component testing.
Built-in
signal
combiner
Internal
switches
for routing
external
signals
PNA-X block diagram (shown with Options 400, 419, and 423).
High quality synthesizers
Exceptional flexibility
10 MHz to 26.5 GHz
Internal 2nd source for IMD, hot-S22, and high speed swept-LO measurements
High output power and wide power-sweep range for testing amplifiers
Excellent harmonic performance for accurate harmonic and IMD measurements
Sensitive and linear receivers
High compression point for improved dynamic accuracy
More sensitivity for pulsed S-parameter measurements
Friendly user interface
Large 10.4 inch touch screen display
Click-and-drag markers and zoom
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Built-in signal combiner for easy IMD and hot-S22 measurements
Easy pulsed measurements with internal pulse modulators and pulse generators
Flexible signal routing via internal switches for adding external filters, pre-amplifiers, and additional test equipment
Optional noise figure measurement
capability extends the suite of measurements available with a single connection and offers the industry’s highest accuracy
Front-panel jumpers for direct access to test-port couplers and receivers
Source and receiver attenuators with 5 dB increments for better measurement optimization
Built-in bias-tees simplify amplifier evaluation
Three sets of triggering lines for complex test systems
PNA-X – Testing beyond the limits – Mixers and Converters
PNA’s frequency offset capability offers
industry-leading accuracy and ease-of-use for
measuring mixers and frequency converters.
Mixer measurements
Checklist
Conversion loss/gain, magnitude and phase
Input match, output match, and LO match
Isolation and compression
The two internal independent synthesizers
with +13 dBm power and < 60 dBc harmonics eliminate the need for external synthesizers or components.
Advanced error correction • Patented vector-mixer calibration for measurement of absolute group delay
• Scalar-mixer calibration (SMC) for match-corrected amplitude
measurements
Significantly faster speed for fixed-IF (20 to 30 times faster than with an external source)
Easy-to-configure multi-stage converter measurements
LO source control and LO power calibration
Mixer IMD
The simple two-step SMC calibration provides match-corrected conversion loss, error-corrected input and output match
Software tuning for embedded LO
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PNA-X – Ahead of the curve – Amplifiers, Pulsed-RF
The PNA-X is an ideal tool for measuring amplifier
specifications, from gain and return loss, to
harmonics and IMD.
Amplifier measurements
Pulsed-RF measurements
Checklist
Gain, gain flatness, reverse isolation, and return loss
Simple, fast, and accurate AM-AM and AM-PM
compression measurements with the Gain
Compression Application with 38 dB power
sweep range at 20 GHz, +13 dBm output power
Test harmonics accurately with < 60 dBc
source harmonics. No need for external filters.
Accurate and simple IMD using the dual sources and internal combiner, located behind the couplers, providing highly accurate and stable measurements. No need for external combiners.
Source corrected noise figure measurements with exceptional accuracy
Integrated source attenuators and receiver attenuators for measurement optimization
Perform all of the above measurements with one single connection using the PNA–X.
Checklist
Wideband and narrowband detection
Up to four internal pulse generators
Up to two internal pulse modulators
Pulse widths as narrow as 33 ns
Pulse-to-pulse
Point-in-pulse, average pulse, and
pulse-profile capability
No need for external components
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PNA-L – Advanced capability at an affordable price –
Passive and active devices, On-wafer test
The Agilent PNA-L is designed for your general-purpose
network analysis needs and priced for your budget. With
the same firmware as the PNA, the PNA-L offers the
perfect balance of value and performance. PNA-L provides
efficiency and flexibility in both manufacturing and R&D
applications, for industries ranging from wireless LAN
component production to aerospace and defense.
Use TRL calibration
for accurate in-fixture,
on-wafer, or waveguide
measurements.
Basic measurements
On-wafer measurements
Checklist
Insertion loss, gain, return loss, isolation, group delay, compression, both magnitude and phase
Connectorized, in-fixture, or on-wafer
Fast and accurate
Reliable and repeatable
Affordable
Checklist
Class of TRL calibrations for accurate measurements
Differential measurement capabilities with integrated multiport network analyzers
Accurate power control and de-embedding algorithm for device characterization
Compatibility with on-wafer calibration software for a total solution
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PNA-L – Speed and accuracy you can count on –
Balanced/differential measurements and multiport test
Easily measure single-ended, balanced, and mixed-mode
S-parameters, in addition to ratioed and unratioed
receiver measurements.
New multiport components require complicated test plans.
Multiple port combinations must be tested over several
frequency bands, resulting in lengthy tests. To reduce
test time and lower costs, the PNA-L/PNA-X and test
set combinations have been designed for high-speed
measurements. To further simplify complex test
requirements, up to 32 independent channels are available,
Antenna
eliminating the need for recalling instrument states.
Duplex
filter
HPF branch
–(18001900 MHz)
LPF branch
–(800900 MHz)
SAW
GSM/TDMA Rx
LPF
GSM/TDMA Tx
LPF
GSM/TDMA Tx
SAW
GSM Rx
SAW
TDMA Rx
RF switch
control lines
Rx path
Tx path
Tri-band antenna switch module with balanced and single-ended ports.
Adding a 4-port test set expands
the 4-port PNA-L to an 8-port
system with full 8-port
measurement capabilities.
Differential measurements
Multiport measurements
Checklist
Single-ended, balanced, mixed-mode S-parameters
Ratioed and unratioed measurements
Mode-conversion analysis
True-mode stimulus measurements
Checklist
Multiport configurations optimized for your device, including full cross-bar
Quick-Short-Open-Load-Thru (QSOLT)
for fast, multiport cal
N-port calibration for accuracy and
ease-of-measurements
Test-set control part of PNA firmware
32 independent channels for fast measurement speed
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PNA – The solution for your mmwave needs
10 MHz to 110 GHz
Banded systems such as WR-05,
140 to 220 GHz
0
Freq. resp. of windowed 1/(s+1)
S21 measurement of filter
N5250A vs. 8510XF
20
N5250A
8510XF
–10
–20
–30
dB
–40
–50
–60
0
Window KB = 6
No window
–20
–40
–60
–80
–70
–5
–80
0
5
10
Time (s)
–90
Use time domain to gate out the response of fixtures and
cables, and characterize the impedance of transmission lines.
–100
87
89
91
93
95
Frequlency (GHz)
97
99
101
The N5250A PNA-based mmwave system has superb dynamic range.
Shown here is the S21 of a filter at 94 GHz, compared to the 8510XF.
Millimeter-wave measurements
Time-domain analysis
Checklist
PNA-based 10 MHz to 110 GHz bench-top system, extendable to 325 GHz
Compact test-heads and two built-in synthesizers, for up to 110 GHz
Highly stable systems
No external synthesizes to 325 GHz, when used with PNA-X
Supported applications – pulsed-RF, antenna, and on-wafer
Checklist
Locate and resolve mismatches in the fixture, cable, or transmission lines Use gating to remove unwanted responses
Fault-location
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PNA Series simplifies measurements –
When the requirements are difficult
Modeling, PLTS, Antenna, Materials test
High-frequency design and modeling
Checklist
PNA drivers included in Connection Manager for easy connectivity
Simple downloading of S-parameters into ADS for simulation
Save “.s2p, .s4p, snp” files and import into ADS Modeling of devices using IC-CAP and PNA network analyzers
Physical Layer Test Systems (PLTS)
Checklist
RLCG model extraction and eye-diagrams
High-speed differential interconnect design
Multiple aggressor differential crosstalk
Antenna measurements
Checklist
20,001 points per channel
Fast measurement speed, 4.5 µs/pt
Forward and reverse sweeps for near-field scans
High-sensitivity
Materials measurements
Checklist
Measurement of dielectric and magnetic properties
Viewing of data in real, imaginary, loss tangent, and Cole-Cole formats
Availability of a variety of techniques to meet your materials needs
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10
PNA-L/PNA/PNA-X comparison table
Device type
Mixers
Amplifiers
Pulsed-RF
1.
2.
Required measurements
PNA-L
PNA
PNA-X
Frequency-offset mode •
•
Conversion loss, isolation, and return loss
•
•
Control of external source for mixer measurements
•
•
Second internal source, used as LO on 2-port analyzer
Second internal source, used as LO on 4-port analyzer •
Scalar calibrated converter measurements (SMC)
•
•
Vector calibrated converter measurements (VMC)
•
Software tuning for embedded LO
•
+13 dBm output power on 2-ports (for LO)
Compression, AM-PM conversion
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Gain, return loss, and reverse isolation
•
•
Power sweep, compression, and AM-PM conversion
•
•
Gain Compression Application
Maximum output power level
Good
Good
Power-sweep range for compression test
Good
Good
Receiver compression point
Good
Good
Internal bias-tees
•
Source attenuators
• 1
•
Receiver attenuators
•
Connection loop before reference path 2 Connection loops for attenuators, etc.
•
•
Harmonics measurements
•
•
Analyzer source harmonics
Good
Good
Intermodulation distortion
•
•
Second internal source for IMD on 2-port analyzer
Second internal source for IMD on 4-port analyzer
•
Internal combiner for IMD testing
Hot-S22
Good
Noise figure
•
•
•
Superb
Superb
Superb
•
•
•
•
•
•
Superb
•
•
•
•
Superb
•
Built-in pulse generator and modulators
Wideband detection
Good
•
Narrowband detection
Good
Pulse-profile
•
•
Point-in-pulse
•
•
Average pulse
•
•
Pulse-to-pulse
•
•
•
Superb
Superb
•
•
•
•
Legend
•
Blank
Good and superb
Solution available
Solution not available
Solution available, quality of solution qualified. For example, with maximum output power levels, all PNAs have output power, but the PNA-X has the highest output power.
4-port PNA-L has one source attenuator. 4-port PNA-X has 4 source attenuators.
Applicable to high-power amplifier testing or integration of the external test equipment.
11
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PNA – State-of-the-art calibration capabilities
Calibrating network analyzers is critical for high accuracy measurements and can be particularly challenging in non-coaxial environments such as fixtures, wafers, or waveguides. Additionally, 3- and 4-port devices are more prevalent than ever and require
more sophisticated calibration procedures. The need has never been greater for calibration tools that are more accurate and easier
to use. The PNA’s state-of-the-art calibration techniques help solve these challenges, enhance ease-of-use, and improve accuracy.
High-performance ECal modules
High-performance ECal modules, 10 MHz to
26.5 GHz, 10 MHz to 67 GHz and more
Nine connector types, mixed-connector modules
User characterization for adding adapters
Calibration for non-insertable devices
Unknown through calibration
QSOLT and n-port calibration (6-port, 8-port, 12-port, etc) for multiport test systems
Databased-model and expanded math
calibrations for highest accuracy
In-fixture measurements
Frequency response cal, 1-port cal, 2-port cal, enhanced response-cal, TRL/TRM cal and adapter-removal cal
An easy-to-use uncertainty calculator, and a comprehensive application note on calibration standards
Automatic port extension removes loss and delay for in-fixture devices
Advanced mixer and amplifier calibrations
Learn how
to set up a custom
calibration kit with
application note 1287-11,
Specifying Calibration
The patented vector mixer calibration and the popular scalar-mixer calibration
De-embedding of attenuators and the new fast source power calibration technique for amplifier measurements
De-embedding of probes and waveguides in mixer measurements
Unique noise figure calibration removes the
effects of imperfect system source match
Standards and Kits for
Agilent Vector Network
Analyzers
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12
PNA - The standard for accuracy
All the network analyzers in the PNA family are known for their high-levels of stability, contributing to accurate calibrations
and measurements. With the PNA-X, users can benefit from exceptional levels of dynamic accuracy. For users in non-linear
environments, the PNA’s Scalar Mixer Calibration provides a higher level of measurement accuracy.
S21 vector mag drift
Stability of a 20 GHz PNA over a 30-hour period 1
0.1
0.09
0.08
It is clear that the more stable the hardware, the
better the calibration, since it can correct the
errors better. The calibration will remain stable as
a function of time and temperature, and calibrations will not need to be updated as often.
Log mag (dB)
0.07
0.06
0.05
0.04
0.03
0.02
0.01
0
35
30
25
20
15
Conversion loss (dB)
Dynamic accusracy (dB)
Time (hrs)
10
5
0
10
5
0
15
20
Freq (GHz)
0.1
Typical dynamic accuracy of a PNA-X, with –20 dBm power
0.05
0
–0.05
–0.1
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
If you are measuring a device with 20 dB insertion
loss, the contribution of the dynamic accuracy error
(receiver linearity) is less than 0.01 dB.
80
S21 (dB)
–15
Scalar-mixer calibration versus a simple power meter/receiver calibration
–20
–25
–30
SC21
Conversion loss
3.0
3.5
4.0
Frequency (GHz)
4.5
Note the effects of mismatch that are corrected
for by SMC.
5.0
S21 vector mag drift
1
110 GHz PNA drift over a 24-hour period 1
0.9
0.8
As you can see on the graph, the 110 GHz PNA
drifts less than 0.7 dB, after 24 hours, at 110 GHz.
Agilent’s 110 GHz PNA system is the most stable
mmwave system in the industry.
Log mag (dB)
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
30
20
10
Time (hrs)
0
20
40
80
60
Freq (GHz)
100
120
1.
13
Measurements made at 25 ± 1 degree Celcuis.
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Outstanding performance
2nd harmonic level (dBc)
Parameter
Frequency range
# of Ports
Dynamic range 1 Noise floor Max output power
0.1 dB compression
Trace noise ALC range Max IFBW
Speed
Display size, LCD
Touch screen
20 GHz 2-port
20 GHz 2-port
PNA PNA-L
E8362B N5230A Opt 220 10 MHz to 20 GHz 10 MHz to 20 GHz
2
2
123 dB
108 dB
–120 dBm
–105 dBm
+3 dBm
+3 dBm
–5 dBm input
+6 dBm input
0.006 dB rms 0.006 dB rms
1 kHz IFBW 1 kHz IFBW
0 dBm –5 dBm
27 dB
23 dB
40 kHz
250 kHz
26 µs/pt9 µs/pt
21.3 cm 21.3 cm
No
No
20 GHz 4-port
PNA-L
N5230A Opt 240 300 kHz to 20 GHz
4
103 dB
–106 dBm
–3 dBm
+9 dBm input
0.010 dB rms
100 kHz IFBW
–5 dBm
22 dB
600 kHz
4.5 µs/pt
21.3 cm
No
–20
–40
–60
–80
0
2
4
6
Frequency (GHz)
8
10
12
Typical PNA-X source harmonics
Power (dBm)
+25
+20
+15
+10
+5
+00
0
5
10
15
20
25
Frequency (GHz)
Typical PNA-X output power
1.
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26.5 GHz 4-port
PNA-X
N5242A Opt 400
10 MHz to 26.5 GHz
4
127 dB
–114 dBm
+13 dBm
+12 dBm input
0.005 dB rms
100 kHz IFBW
–5 dBm
38 dB
5 MHz
4.5 µs/pt
26.4 cm
Yes
Parameter
40 GHz
40 GHz
PNA-L
PNA
N5230A Option 420 E8363B
Frequency range
10 MHz to 40 GHz 10 MHz to 40 GHz
Dynamic range90 dB
110 dB
Noise floor –95 dBm
–114 dBm
Max output power –5 dBm
–4 dBm
0.1 dB compression –8.5 dBm
–12.5 dBm
Trace noise (1 kHz) 0.020 dB rms
0.006 dB rms
ALC range
20 dB
20 dB
Max IFBW
250 kHz
40 kHz
Speed9 µs/pt
26 µs/pt
0
–100
26.5 GHz 2-port
PNA-X
N5242A Opt 200
10 MHz to 26.5 GHz
2
127 dB
–114 dBm
+13 dBm
+12 dBm input
0.005 dB rms
100 kHz IFBW
–5 dBm
38 dB
5 MHz
4.5 µs/pt
26.4 cm
Yes
14
20 GHz, test port, 10 Hz IFBW.
Completing the solution
Protect confidential data
The best method for maintaining security is to
remove the hard disk drive. The PNA provides the
removable hard disk drive as a standard feature,
enabling you to easily remove the drive and keep
it safe in a secure area.
Protect your software investment
Agilent protects your 8753, 8720 and 8510 software
investment by providing migration tools to reduce
your code conversion effort.
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Network analyzer forum
Visit the online network analyzer discussion
forum where you can learn how your peers are solving some of their most challenging measurement problems.
www.agilent.com/find/agilent_naforum
Free CD - Network analyzer application notes and video demos
Application topics include amplifiers, mixers/
converters, pulsed-RF, millimeter/sub millimeterwave, and materials measurements.
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15
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Web resources
Remove all doubt
Visit our Web sites for additional
product information and literature.
PNA-X microwave network analyzers
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PNA-L microwave network analyzers
www.agilent.com/find/pnal
PNA microwave network analyzers
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and genuine parts. You will always have the
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Agilent offers a wide range of additional
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ENA RF network analyzers
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Revised: October 6, 2008
Product specifications and
descriptions in this document
subject to change without notice.
© Agilent Technologies, Inc. 2007,
2009
Printed in USA, February 3, 2009
5989-6014EN