1 MHz to 10 GHz, 45 dB
Log Detector/Controller
AD8319
Data Sheet
FEATURES
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
VPOS
GAIN
BIAS
DET
DET
DET
TADJ
SLOPE
I
V
VSET
I
V
VOUT
DET
CLPF
INHI
INLO
COMM
APPLICATIONS
05705-001
Wide bandwidth: 1 MHz to 10 GHz
High accuracy: ±1.0 dB over temperature
45 dB dynamic range up to 8 GHz
Stability over temperature: ±0.5 dB
Low noise measurement/controller output VOUT
Pulse response time (fall/rise): 6 ns/10 ns
Small footprint: 2 mm × 3 mm LFCSP
Supply operation: 3.0 V to 5.5 V @ 22 mA
Fabricated using high speed SiGe process
Figure 1.
RF transmitter PA setpoint controls and level monitoring
Power monitoring in radiolink transmitters
RSSI measurement in base stations, WLANs, WiMAX,
and radars
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The AD8319 is a demodulating logarithmic amplifier, capable
of accurately converting an RF input signal to a corresponding
decibel-scaled output. It employs the progressive compression
technique over a cascaded amplifier chain, each stage of which
is equipped with a detector cell. The device can be used in either
measurement or controller modes. The AD8319 maintains
accurate log conformance for signals of 1 MHz to 8 GHz and
provides useful operation to 10 GHz. The input dynamic range
is typically 45 dB (re: 50 Ω) with error less than ±3 dB. The
AD8319 has 6 ns/10 ns (fall time/rise time) response time that
enables RF burst detection to a pulse rate of beyond 50 MHz.
The device provides unprecedented logarithmic intercept stability
vs. ambient temperature conditions. A supply of 3.0 V to 5.5 V
is required to power the device. Current consumption is typically
22 mA, and it decreases to 200 µA when the device is disabled.
The AD8319 can be configured to provide a control voltage to
a power amplifier or a measurement output from the VOUT
pin. Because the output can be used for controller applications,
special attention was paid to minimize wideband noise. In this
mode, the setpoint control voltage is applied to the VSET pin.
Rev. C
The feedback loop through an RF amplifier is closed via VOUT,
the output of which regulates the output of the amplifier to a
magnitude corresponding to VSET. The AD8319 provides 0 V to
(VPOS − 0.1 V) output capability at the VOUT pin, suitable for
controller applications. As a measurement device, VOUT is
externally connected to VSET to produce an output voltage,
VOUT, that is a decreasing linear-in-dB function of the RF input
signal amplitude.
The logarithmic slope is −22 mV/dB, determined by the VSET
interface. The intercept is 15 dBm (re: 50 Ω, CW input) using
the INHI input. These parameters are very stable against supply
and temperature variations.
The AD8319 is fabricated on a SiGe bipolar IC process and is
available in a 2 mm × 3 mm, 8-lead LFCSP for an operating
temperature range of −40°C to +85°C.
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Technical Support
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AD8319
Data Sheet
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Features .............................................................................................. 1
Input Signal Coupling ................................................................ 11
Applications ....................................................................................... 1
Output Interface ......................................................................... 11
Functional Block Diagram .............................................................. 1
Setpoint Interface ....................................................................... 11
General Description ......................................................................... 1
Temperature Compensation of Output Voltage ..................... 12
Revision History ............................................................................... 2
Measurement Mode ................................................................... 12
Specifications..................................................................................... 3
Setting the Output Slope in Measurement Mode .................. 13
Absolute Maximum Ratings ............................................................ 5
Controller Mode ......................................................................... 13
ESD Caution .................................................................................. 5
Output Filtering .......................................................................... 15
Pin Configuration and Function Descriptions ............................. 6
Operation Beyond 8 GHz.......................................................... 16
Typical Performance Characteristics ............................................. 7
Evaluation Board ............................................................................ 17
Theory of Operation ...................................................................... 10
Outline Dimensions ....................................................................... 19
Using the AD8319 .......................................................................... 11
Ordering Guide .......................................................................... 19
Basic Connections ...................................................................... 11
REVISION HISTORY
3/13—Rev. B to Rev. C
Updated Outline Dimensions ....................................................... 18
4/08—Rev. A to Rev. B
Changes to Features Section and General Description Section . 1
Changes to Theory of Operation Section .................................... 10
Changes to Figure 22 and Setpoint Interface Section ................ 11
3/07—Rev. 0 to Rev. A
Changes to Figure 9 .......................................................................... 8
Changes to Figure 22 and Setpoint Interface Section ................ 11
Changes to Measurement Mode Section ..................................... 12
Changes to Layout .......................................................................... 16
Changes to Layout .......................................................................... 17
Updated Outline Dimensions ....................................................... 18
10/05—Revision 0: Initial Version
Rev. C | Page 2 of 20
Data Sheet
AD8319
SPECIFICATIONS
VPOS = 3 V, CLPF = 1000 pF, TA = 25°C, 52.3 Ω termination resistor at INHI, unless otherwise noted.
Table 1.
Parameter
SIGNAL INPUT INTERFACE
Specified Frequency Range
DC Common-Mode Voltage
MEASUREMENT MODE
f = 900 MHz
Input Impedance
±1 dB Dynamic Range
Maximum Input Level
Minimum Input Level
Slope 1
Intercept1
Output Voltage: High Power In
Output Voltage: Low Power In
f = 1.9 GHz
Input Impedance
±1 dB Dynamic Range
Maximum Input Level
Minimum Input Level
Slope1
Intercept1
Output Voltage: High Power In
Output Voltage: Low Power In
f = 2.2 GHz
Input Impedance
±1 dB Dynamic Range
Maximum Input Level
Minimum Input Level
Slope1
Intercept1
Output Voltage: High Power In
Output Voltage: Low Power In
f = 3.6 GHz
Input Impedance
±1 dB Dynamic Range
Maximum Input Level
Minimum Input Level
Slope1
Intercept1
Output Voltage: High Power In
Output Voltage: Low Power In
Conditions
INHI (Pin 1)
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
10
VPOS − 0.6
GHz
V
1500||0.33
40
40
−3
−43
−22
15
0.57
1.25
Ω||pF
dB
dB
dBm
dBm
mV/dB
dBm
V
V
0.001
VOUT (Pin 5) shorted to VSET (Pin 4),
sinusoidal input signal
RTADJ = 18 kΩ
TA = 25°C
−40°C < TA < +85°C
±1 dB error
±1 dB error
−25
12
PIN = −10 dBm
PIN = −40 dBm
RTADJ = 8 kΩ
TA = 25°C
−40°C < TA < +85°C
±1 dB error
±1 dB error
−25
10
PIN = −10 dBm
PIN = −35 dBm
RTADJ = 8 kΩ
TA = 25°C
−40°C < TA < +85°C
±1 dB error
±1 dB error
PIN = −10 dBm
PIN = −35 dBm
RTADJ = 8 kΩ
TA = 25°C
−40°C < TA < +85°C
±1 dB error
±1 dB error
PIN = −10 dBm
PIN = −40 dBm
Rev. C | Page 3 of 20
950||0.38
40
40
−4
−44
−22
13
0.53
1.19
−19.5
21
−19.5
20
Ω||pF
dB
dB
dBm
dBm
mV/dB
dBm
V
V
810||0.39
40
40
−5
−45
−22
13
0.5
1.18
Ω||pF
dB
dB
dBm
dBm
mV/dB
dBm
V
V
300||0.33
40
36
−6
−46
−22
10
0.46
1.14
Ω||pF
dB
dB
dBm
dBm
mV/dB
dBm
V
V
AD8319
Parameter
f = 5.8 GHz
Input Impedance
±1 dB Dynamic Range
Data Sheet
Conditions
RTADJ = 500 Ω
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
110||0.05
40
40
−3
−43
−22
15
0.57
1.25
Ω||pF
dB
dB
dBm
dBm
mV/dB
dBm
V
V
28||0.79
40
31
−1
−41
−22
20
0.67
1.34
Ω||pF
dB
dB
dBm
dBm
mV/dB
dBm
V
V
VPOS − 0.1
10
10
140
90
V
mV
mA
MHz
nV/√Hz
18
ns
6
ns
20
ns
10
ns
50
MHz
RFIN = −20 dBm; controller mode; VSET = 1 V
0.35
1.23
−45
40
V
V
dB/V
kΩ
TADJ INTERFACE
Input Resistance
Disable Threshold Voltage
TADJ (Pin 6)
TADJ = 0.9 V, sourcing 50 µA
TADJ = open
40
VPOS − 0.4
kΩ
V
POWER INTERFACE
Supply Voltage
Quiescent Current
vs. Temperature
VPOS (Pin 7)
Maximum Input Level
Minimum Input Level
Slope1
Intercept1
Output Voltage: High Power In
Output Voltage: Low Power In
f = 8.0 GHz
Input Impedance
±1 dB Dynamic Range
Maximum Input Level
Minimum Input Level
Slope 2
Intercept2
Output Voltage: High Power In
Output Voltage: Low Power In
OUTPUT INTERFACE
Voltage Swing
Output Current Drive
Small Signal Bandwidth
Output Noise
Fall Time
Rise Time
TA = 25°C
−40°C < TA < +85°C
±1 dB error
±1 dB error
PIN = −10 dBm
PIN = −40 dBm
RTADJ = open
TA = 25°C
−40°C < TA < +85°C
±1 dB error
±1 dB error
PIN = −10 dBm
PIN = −40 dBm
VOUT (Pin 5)
VSET = 0 V; RFIN = open
VSET = 1.5 V; RFIN = open
VSET = 0 V; RFIN = open
RFIN = −10 dBm; from CLPF to VOUT
RFIN = 2.2 GHz, −10 dBm, fNOISE = 100 kHz,
CLPF = open
Input level = no signal to −10 dBm, 90% to 10%;
CLPF = 8 pF
Input level = no signal to −10 dBm, 90% to 10%;
CLPF = open; ROUT = 150 Ω
Input level = −10 dBm to no signal, 10% to 90%;
CLPF = 8 pF
Input level = −10 dBm to no signal, 10% to 90%;
CLPF = open; ROUT = 150 Ω
Video Bandwidth (or Envelope Bandwidth)
VSET INTERFACE
Nominal Input Range
Logarithmic Scale Factor
Input Resistance
Disable Current
1
2
VSET (Pin 4)
RFIN = 0 dBm; measurement mode
RFIN = −40 dBm; measurement mode
3.0
18
−40°C ≤ TA ≤ +85°C
TADJ = VPOS
22
60
5.5
30
200
Slope and intercept are determined by calculating the best fit line between the power levels of −40 dBm and −10 dBm at the specified input frequency.
Slope and intercept are determined by calculating the best fit line between the power levels of −34 dBm and −16 dBm at 8.0 GHz.
Rev. C | Page 4 of 20
V
mA
µA/°C
µA
Data Sheet
AD8319
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Table 2.
Parameter
Supply Voltage: VPOS
VSET Voltage
Input Power (Single-Ended, re: 50 Ω)
Internal Power Dissipation
θJA
Maximum Junction Temperature
Operating Temperature Range
Storage Temperature Range
Lead Temperature (Soldering, 60 sec)
Rating
5.7 V
0 to VPOS
12 dBm
0.73 W
55°C/W
125°C
−40°C to +85°C
−65°C to +150°C
260°C
Stresses above those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings
may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress
rating only; functional operation of the device at these or any
other conditions above those indicated in the operational
section of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute
maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect
device reliability.
ESD CAUTION
Rev. C | Page 5 of 20
AD8319
Data Sheet
PIN CONFIGURATION AND FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS
8 INLO
COMM 2
AD8319
7 VPOS
CLPF 3
TOP VIEW
(Not to Scale)
6 TADJ
VSET 4
5 VOUT
NOTES
1. THE PAD IS INTERNALLY CONNECTED TO
COMM; SOLDER TO A LOW IMPEDANCE
GROUND PLANE.
05705-002
INHI 1
Figure 2. Pin Configuration
Table 3. Pin Function Descriptions
Pin No.
1
2
3
Mnemonic
INHI
COMM
CLPF
4
5
VSET
VOUT
6
TADJ
7
8
VPOS
INLO
EPAD
Description
RF Input. Nominal input range of −50 dBm to 0 dBm, re: 50 Ω; ac-coupled RF input.
Device Common. Connect this pin to a low impedance ground plane.
Loop Filter Capacitor. In measurement mode, this capacitor sets the pulse response time and video bandwidth.
In controller mode, the capacitance on this node sets the response time of the error amplifier/integrator.
Setpoint Control Input for Controller Mode or Feedback Input for Measurement Mode.
Measurement and Controller Output. In measurement mode, VOUT provides a decreasing linear-in-dB
representation of the RF input signal amplitude. In controller mode, VOUT is used to control the gain of a VGA or
VVA with a positive gain sense (increasing voltage increases gain).
Temperature Compensation Adjustment. Frequency dependent temperature compensation is set by connecting
a ground referenced resistor to this pin.
Positive Supply Voltage, 3.0 V to 5.5 V.
RF Common for INHI. AC-coupled RF common.
The pad is internally connected to COMM; solder to a low impedance ground plane.
Rev. C | Page 6 of 20
Data Sheet
AD8319
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
1.75
1.5
1.75
1.5
1.50
1.0
1.50
1.0
1.25
0.5
1.25
0.5
1.00
0
1.00
0
0.75
–0.5
0.75
–0.5
0.50
–1.0
0.50
–1.0
0.25
–1.5
0.25
–1.5
–20
–10
0
–2.0
10
PIN (dBm)
0
–60
–30
–20
–10
0
–2.0
10
Figure 6. VOUT and Log Conformance Error vs.
Input Amplitude at 3.6 GHz, RTADJ = 8 kΩ
2.00
2.0
1.75
1.5
1.75
1.5
1.50
1.0
1.50
1.0
1.25
0.5
1.25
0.5
1.00
0
1.00
0
0.75
–0.5
0.75
–0.5
0.50
–1.0
0.50
–1.0
0.25
–1.5
0.25
–1.5
0
–60
–2.0
–50
–40
–30
–20
–10
0
10
PIN (dBm)
VOUT (V)
2.0
ERROR (dB)
2.00
0
–60
05705-004
VOUT (V)
–40
PIN (dBm)
Figure 3. VOUT and Log Conformance Error vs.
Input Amplitude at 900 MHz, RTADJ = 18 kΩ
–50
–40
–30
–20
–10
0
–2.0
10
PIN (dBm)
Figure 4. VOUT and Log Conformance Error vs.
Input Amplitude at 1.9 GHz, RTADJ = 8 kΩ
Figure 7. VOUT and Log Conformance Error vs.
Input Amplitude at 5.8 GHz, RTADJ = 500 Ω
2.00
2.0
1.75
1.5
1.75
1.5
1.50
1.0
1.50
1.0
1.25
0.5
1.25
0.5
1.00
0
1.00
0
0.75
–0.5
0.75
–0.5
0.50
–1.0
0.50
–1.0
0.25
–1.5
0.25
–1.5
0
–60
–2.0
–50
–40
–30
–20
–10
0
PIN (dBm)
Figure 5. VOUT and Log Conformance Error vs.
Input Amplitude at 2.2 GHz, RTADJ = 8 kΩ
10
VOUT (V)
2.0
ERROR (dB)
2.00
0
–60
05705-005
VOUT (V)
–50
ERROR (dB)
–30
05705-007
–40
–50
–40
–30
–20
PIN (dBm)
–10
0
–2.0
10
ERROR (dB)
–50
05705-008
0
–60
ERROR (dB)
2.0
05705-006
2.00
VOUT (V)
2.0
ERROR (dB)
2.00
05705-003
VOUT (V)
VPOS = 3 V; T = 25°C, −40°C, +85°C; CLPF = 1000 pF; unless otherwise noted. Black: 25°C; Blue: −40°C; Red: +85°C. Error is calculated by
using the best fit line between PIN = −40 dBm and PIN = −10 dBm at the specified input frequency, unless otherwise noted.
Figure 8. VOUT and Log Conformance Error vs. Input Amplitude at 8.0 GHz,
RTADJ = Open, Error Calculated from PIN = −34 dBm to PIN = −16 dBm
Rev. C | Page 7 of 20
2.0
1.75
1.5
1.75
1.5
1.50
1.0
1.50
1.0
1.25
0.5
1.25
0.5
1.00
0
1.00
0
0.75
–0.5
0.75
–0.5
0.50
–1.0
0.50
–1.0
0.25
–1.5
0.25
–1.5
–10
0
10
–40
–30
–20
–10
0
–2.0
10
PIN (dBm)
Figure 12. VOUT and Log Conformance Error vs. Input Amplitude at 3.6 GHz,
Multiple Devices, RTADJ = 8 kΩ
2.00
2.0
1.75
1.5
1.75
1.5
1.50
1.0
1.50
1.0
1.25
0.5
1.25
0.5
1.00
0
1.00
0
0.75
–0.5
0.75
–0.5
0.50
–1.0
0.50
–1.0
0.25
–1.5
0.25
–1.5
0
–60
–50
–40
–30
–20
–10
0
–2.0
10
PIN (dBm)
VOUT (V)
2.0
ERROR (dB)
2.00
0
–60
05705-010
Figure 10. VOUT and Log Conformance Error vs. Input Amplitude at 1.9 GHz,
Multiple Devices, RTADJ = 8 kΩ
–50
–40
–30
–20
–10
0
–2.0
10
PIN (dBm)
Figure 13. VOUT and Log Conformance Error vs. Input Amplitude at 5.8 GHz,
Multiple Devices, RTADJ = 500 Ω
2.0
2.00
2.0
1.75
1.5
1.75
1.5
1.50
1.0
1.50
1.0
1.25
0.5
1.25
0.5
1.00
0
1.00
0
0.75
–0.5
0.75
–0.5
0.50
–1.0
0.50
–1.0
0.25
–1.5
0.25
–1.5
–50
–40
–30
–20
PIN (dBm)
–10
0
–2.0
10
0
–60
05705-011
0
–60
ERROR (dB)
2.00
VOUT (V)
VOUT (V)
Figure 9. VOUT and Log Conformance Error vs. Input Amplitude at 900 MHz,
Multiple Devices, RTADJ = 18 kΩ
–50
Figure 11. VOUT and Log Conformance Error vs. Input Amplitude at 2.2 GHz,
Multiple Devices, RTADJ = 8 kΩ
ERROR (dB)
–20
05705-013
–30
–50
–40
–30
–20
PIN (dBm)
–10
0
–2.0
10
ERROR (dB)
–40
PIN (dBm)
VOUT (V)
0
–60
–2.0
–50
05705-014
0
–60
05705-012
2.00
VOUT (V)
2.0
ERROR (dB)
2.00
ERROR (dB)
Data Sheet
05705-009
VOUT (V)
AD8319
Figure 14. VOUT and Log Conformance Error vs. Input Amplitude at 8.0 GHz,
Multiple Devices, RTADJ = Open, Error Calculated from
PIN = −34 dBm to PIN = −16 dBm
Rev. C | Page 8 of 20
Data Sheet
AD8319
j1
j2
j0.5
NOISE SPECTRAL DENSITY (nV/ Hz)
10k
1
2
100MHz
–j0.2
900MHz
1900MHz
2200MHz
–j0.5
0dBm
–j2
3600MHz
START FREQUENCY = 0.05GHz
STOP FREQUENCY = 10GHz
10
1k
–j1
10000MHz
5800MHz
Figure 15. Input Impedance vs. Frequency; No Termination Resistor on INHI
(Impedance De-Embedded to Input Pins), Z0 = 50 Ω
10M
1M
10k
NOISE SPECTRAL DENSITY (nV/ Hz)
05705-016
A CH1
100k
Figure 18. Noise Spectral Density of Output vs. Frequency; CLPF = Open
1
M2.00µs
T 29.60%
10k
FREQUENCY (Hz)
∆ : 1.53V
@ : 1.53V
Ch1 500mV
–10dBm
–40dBm
100
05705-015
8000MHz
RF OFF
–20dBm
1k
100
10
1k
420V
05705-019
0.5
10k
100k
10M
1M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
Figure 16. Power On/Off Response Time; VP = 3.0 V;
Input AC-Coupling Capacitors = 10 pF; CLPF = Open
Figure 19. Noise Spectral Density of Output Buffer vs. Frequency (from CLPF
to VOUT); CLPF = 0.1 µF
2.0
2.00
3.3V
CH1 RISE
9.949ns
1.75
CH1 FALL
6.032ns
05705-017
VOUT (V)
1.50
1
Ch1 200mV
M20.0ns
T 72.40%
A CH1
3.6V
1.0
1.25
0.5
1.00
0
0.75
–0.5
0.50
–1.0
0.25
–1.5
0
–60 –55 –50 –45 –40 –35 –30 –25 –20 –15 –10 –5
1.04V
1.5
3.0V
–2.0
0
5
10
PIN (dBm)
Figure 17. VOUT Pulse Response Time; Pulsed RF Input 0.1 GHz, −10 dBm;
CLPF = Open; RLOAD = 150 Ω
Rev. C | Page 9 of 20
Figure 20. VOUT Stability and Error vs. Supply Voltage at 1.9 GHz
When VPOS Varies by 10%
ERROR (dB)
0.2
05705-020
0
–60dBm
1k
05705-018
j0.2
AD8319
Data Sheet
THEORY OF OPERATION
The AD8319 is a five-stage demodulating logarithmic amplifier,
specifically designed for use in RF measurement and power control
applications at frequencies up to 10 GHz. A block diagram is
shown in Figure 21. Sharing much of its design with the AD8318
logarithmic detector/controller, the AD8319 maintains tight
intercept variability vs. temperature over a 40 dB range. Additional
enhancements over the AD8318, such as reduced RF burst
response time of 6 ns to 10 ns, 22 mA supply current, and
board space requirements of only 2 mm × 3 mm add to the low
cost and high performance benefits found in the AD8319.
VPSO
GAIN
BIAS
DET
DET
DET
TADJ
SLOPE
V
I
VSET
I
V
VOUT
DET
CLPF
The logarithmic function is approximated in a piecewise fashion
by five cascaded gain stages. (For a detailed explanation of the
logarithm approximation, refer to the AD8307 data sheet.) The
cells have a nominal voltage gain of 9 dB each and a 3 dB
bandwidth of 10.5 GHz. Using precision biasing, the gain is
stabilized over temperature and supply variations. The overall
dc gain is high due to the cascaded nature of the gain stages.
An offset compensation loop is included to correct for offsets
within the cascaded cells. At the output of each of the gain
stages, a square-law detector cell is used to rectify the signal.
The RF signal voltages are converted to a fluctuating differential
current having an average value that increases with signal level.
Along with the five gain stages and detector cells, an additional
detector is included at the input of the AD8319, providing a
40 dB dynamic range in total. After the detector currents are
summed and filtered, the following function is formed at the
summing node:
INHI
ID × log10(VIN/VINTERCEPT)
COMM
05705-021
INLO
Figure 21. Block Diagram
A fully differential design, using a proprietary, high speed
SiGe process, extends high frequency performance. Input INHI
receives the signal with a low frequency impedance of nominally
500 Ω in parallel with 0.7 pF. The maximum input with ±1 dB
log conformance error is typically 0 dBm (re: 50 Ω). The noise
spectral density referred to the input is 1.15 nV/√Hz, which is
equivalent to a voltage of 118 µV rms in a 10.5 GHz bandwidth
or a noise power of −66 dBm (re: 50 Ω). This noise spectral
density sets the lower limit of the dynamic range. However, the
low end accuracy of the AD8319 is enhanced by specially shaping
the demodulating transfer characteristic to partially compensate
for errors due to internal noise. The common pin, COMM,
provides a quality low impedance connection to the PCB
ground. The package paddle, which is internally connected
to the COMM pin, should also be grounded to the PCB to
reduce thermal impedance from the die to the PCB.
(1)
where:
ID is the internally set detector current.
VIN is the input signal voltage.
VINTERCEPT is the intercept voltage (that is, when VIN = VINTERCEPT,
the output voltage would be 0 V, if it were capable of going to 0 V).
Rev. C | Page 10 of 20
Data Sheet
AD8319
USING THE AD8319
BASIC CONNECTIONS
The AD8319 is specified for operation up to 10 GHz, as a result,
low impedance supply pins with adequate isolation between
functions are essential. A power supply voltage of between 3.0 V
and 5.5 V should be applied to VPOS. Power supply decoupling
capacitors of 100 pF and 0.1 µF should be connected close to
this power supply pin.
VS (3.0V TO 5.5V)
R2
0Ω
C4
100pF
SEE
NOTE 1
VOUT
6
TADJ
7
VPOS
8
INLO
R1
52.3Ω
5
VOUT
R4
0Ω
AD8319
C1
47nF
SIGNAL
INPUT
COMM
2
INHI
1
CLPF
3
VSET
4
SEE
NOTE 2
05705-022
NOTES
1. SEE THE TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION OF THE OUTPUT VOLTAGE
SECTION.
2. SEE THE OUTPUT FILTERING SECTION.
OUTPUT INTERFACE
The VOUT pin is driven by a PNP output stage. An internal 10 Ω
resistor is placed in series with the output and the VOUT pin.
The rise time of the output is limited mainly by the slew on
CLPF. The fall time is an RC-limited slew given by the load
capacitance and the pull-down resistance at VOUT. There is
an internal pull-down resistor of 1.6 kΩ. A resistive load at
VOUT is placed in parallel with the internal pull-down resistor
to provide additional discharge current.
Figure 22. Basic Connections
VPOS
CLPF
The paddle of the LFCSP is internally connected to COMM.
For optimum thermal and electrical performance, the paddle
should be soldered to a low impedance ground plane.
10Ω
+
0.8V
–
1200Ω
INPUT SIGNAL COUPLING
400Ω
The RF input (INHI) is single-ended and must be ac-coupled.
INLO (input common) should be ac-coupled to ground.
Suggested coupling capacitors are 47 nF ceramic 0402-style
capacitors for input frequencies of 1 MHz to 10 GHz. The
coupling capacitors should be mounted close to the INHI and
INLO pins. The coupling capacitor values can be increased to
lower the high-pass cutoff frequency of the input stage. The
high-pass corner is set by the input coupling capacitors and the
internal 10 pF high-pass capacitor. The dc voltage on INHI and
INLO is approximately one diode voltage drop below VPOS.
5pF
18.7kΩ
COMM
Figure 24. Output Interface
To reduce the fall time, VOUT should be loaded with a resistive
load of <1.6 kΩ. For example, with an external load of 150 Ω,
the AD8319 fall time is <7 ns.
SETPOINT INTERFACE
The VSET input drives the high impedance input (40 kΩ) of an
internal op amp. The VSET voltage appears across the internal
1.5 kΩ resistor to generate ISET. When a portion of VOUT is
applied to VSET, the feedback loop forces
CURRENT
VPOS
VOUT
−ID × log10(VIN/VINTERCEPT) = ISET
5pF
(2)
If VSET = VOUT/2x, ISET = VOUT/(2x × 1.5 kΩ).
FIRST
GAIN
STAGE
18.7kΩ
The result is
INHI
2kΩ
VOUT = (−ID × 1.5 kΩ × 2x) × log10(VIN/VINTERCEPT)
A = 9dB
INLO
OFFSET
COMP
05705-023
Gm
STAGE
VSET
Figure 23. Input Interface
20kΩ
20kΩ
Although the input can be reactively matched, in general, this is not
necessary. An external 52.3 Ω shunt resistor (connected on the
signal side of the input coupling capacitors, as shown in Figure 22)
Rev. C | Page 11 of 20
ISET
VSET
COMM
1.5kΩ
COMM
Figure 25. VSET Interface
05705-025
C2
47nF
The coupling time constant, 50 × CC/2, forms a high-pass corner
with a 3 dB attenuation at fHP = 1/(2π × 50 × CC ), where C1 =
C2 = CC. Using the typical value of 47 nF, this high-pass corner
is ~68 kHz. In high frequency applications, fHP should be as
large as possible to minimize the coupling of unwanted low
frequency signals. In low frequency applications, a simple RC
network forming a low-pass filter should be added at the input
for similar reasons. This should generally be placed at the generator
side of the coupling capacitors, thereby lowering the required
capacitance value for a given high-pass corner frequency.
05705-024
C5
0.1µF
combines with the relatively high input impedance to give an
adequate broadband 50 Ω match.
AD8319
Data Sheet
VINTERNAL
1.5
1.50
1.0
1.25
0.5
1.00
0
0.75
–0.5
–1.0
0.50
0.25
RANGE FOR
CALCULATION OF
SLOPE AND INTERCEPT
0
–60 –55 –50 –45 –40 –35 –30 –25 –20 –15 –10 –5
AD8319
–1.5
0
5
PIN (dBm)
10 15
INTERCEPT
Figure 27. Typical Output Voltage vs. Input Signal
ICOMP
The output voltage vs. input signal voltage of the AD8319 is
linear-in-dB over a multidecade range. The equation for this
function is
TADJ
RTADJ
COMM
VOUT = X × VSLOPE/DEC × log10(VIN/VINTERCEPT) =
X × VSLOPE/dB × 20 × log10(VIN/VINTERCEPT)
05705-026
1.5kΩ
COMM
Figure 26. TADJ Interface
RTADJ is connected between this pin and ground. The value of
this resistor partially determines the magnitude of an analog
correction coefficient, which is used to reduce intercept drift.
(3)
where:
X is the feedback factor in VSET = VOUT/X.
VSLOPE/DEC is nominally −440 mV/decade or −22 mV/dB.
VINTERCEPT is the x-axis intercept of the linear-in-dB portion of
the VOUT vs. PIN curve (see Figure 27).
VINTERCEPT is 15 dBm (2 dBV) for a sinusoidal input signal.
The relationship between output temperature drift and
frequency is not linear and cannot be easily modeled. As a
result, experimentation is required to choose the correct
TADJ resistor. Table 4 shows the recommended values for
some commonly used frequencies.
An offset voltage, VOFFSET, of 0.35 V is internally added to the
detector signal, so that the minimum value for VOUT is
X × VOFFSET, so for X = 1, minimum VOUT is 0.35 V.
The slope is very stable vs. process and temperature variation.
When base-10 logarithms are used, VSLOPE/DEC represents the
volts/decade. A decade corresponds to 20 dB; VSLOPE/DEC/20 =
VSLOPE/dB represents the slope in volts/dB.
Table 4. Recommended RTADJ Resistor Values
Frequency
50 MHz
100 MHz
900 MHz
1.8 GHz
1.9 GHz
2.2 GHz
3.6 GHz
5.3 GHZ
5.8 GHz
8 GHz
2.0
VOUT 25°C
ERROR 25°C
ERROR (dB)
The primary component of the variation in VOUT vs. temperature,
as the input signal amplitude is held constant is the drift of the
intercept. This drift is also a weak function of the input signal
frequency; therefore, provision is made for optimization of
internal temperature compensation at a given frequency by
providing the TADJ pin.
1.75
VOUT (V)
TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION OF OUTPUT
VOLTAGE
2.00
05705-027
The slope is given by −ID × 2x × 1.5 kΩ = −22 mV/dB × x. For
example, if a resistor divider to ground is used to generate a VSET
voltage of VOUT/2, x = 2. The slope is set to −880 mV/decade or
−44 mV/dB.
Recommended RTADJ
18 kΩ
18 kΩ
18 kΩ
8 kΩ
8 kΩ
8 kΩ
8 kΩ
500 Ω
500 Ω
Open
As noted in the Equation 1 and Equation 2, the VOUT voltage has
a negative slope. This is also the correct slope polarity to control
the gain of many power amplifiers in a negative feedback configuration. Because both the slope and intercept vary slightly with
frequency, it is recommended to refer to the Specifications
section for application-specific values for the slope and intercept.
MEASUREMENT MODE
When the VOUT voltage or a portion of the VOUT voltage is fed
back to the VSET pin, the device operates in measurement
mode. As seen in Figure 27, the AD8319 has an offset voltage,
a negative slope, and a VOUT measurement intercept at the high
end of its input signal range.
Although demodulating log amps respond to input signal
voltage, not input signal power, it is customary to discuss the
amplitude of high frequency signals in terms of power. In this
case, the characteristic impedance of the system, Z0, must be
known to convert voltages to their corresponding power levels.
Equation 4 to Equation 6 are used to perform this conversion.
Rev. C | Page 12 of 20
P(dBm) = 10 × log10(Vrms2/(Z0 × 1 mW))
(4)
P(dBV) = 20 × log10(Vrms/1 Vrms)
(5)
P(dBm) = P(dBV) − 10 × log10(Z0 × 1 mW/1 Vrms )
2
(6)
Data Sheet
AD8319
For example, PINTERCEPT for a sinusoidal input signal expressed in
terms of dBm (decibels referred to 1 mW), in a 50 Ω system is
PINTERCEPT(dBm) =
PINTERCEPT(dBV) − 10 × log10(Z0 × 1 mW/1 Vrms2) =
2 dBV − 10 × log10(50×10-3) = 15 dBm
(7)
For a square wave input signal in a 200 Ω system
PINTERCEPT = −1 dBV − 10 × log10[(200 Ω × 1 mW/1Vrms2)] =
6 dBm
Further information on the intercept variation dependence upon
waveform can be found in the AD8313 and AD8307 data sheets.
SETTING THE OUTPUT SLOPE IN MEASUREMENT
MODE
To operate in measurement mode, VOUT must be connected to
VSET. Connecting VOUT directly to VSET yields the nominal
logarithmic slope of −22 mV/dB. The output swing corresponding
to the specified input range is then 0.35 V to 1.5 V. The slope
and output swing can be increased by placing a resistor divider
between VOUT and VSET (that is, one resistor from VOUT to
VSET and one resistor from VSET to ground). The input impedance of VSET is 40 kΩ. Slope setting resistors should be kept below
20 kΩ to prevent this input impedance from affecting the
resulting slope. If two equal resistors are used (for example,
10 kΩ/10 kΩ), the slope doubles to −44 mV/dB.
To operate in controller mode, the link between VSET and
VOUT is broken. A setpoint voltage is applied to the VSET
input; VOUT is connected to the gain control terminal of the
VGA and the RF input of the detector is connected to the
output of the VGA (usually using a directional coupler and
some additional attenuation). Based on the defined relationship
between VOUT and the RF input signal when the device is in
measurement mode, the AD8319 adjusts the voltage on VOUT
(VOUT is now an error amplifier output) until the level at the
RF input corresponds to the applied VSET. When the AD8319
operates in controller mode, there is no defined relationship
between the VSET and VOUT voltages; VOUT settles to a value that
results in the correct input signal level appearing at INHI/INLO.
For this output power control loop to be stable, a groundreferenced capacitor must be connected to the CLPF pin. This
capacitor, CFLT, integrates the error signal (in the form of a
current) to set the loop bandwidth and ensure loop stability.
Further details on control loop dynamics can be found in the
AD8315 data sheet.
VGA/VVA
RFIN
DIRECTIONAL
COUPLER
GAIN
CONTROL
VOLTAGE
ATTENUATOR
VOUT
47nF
AD8319
INHI
–44mV/dB
AD8319
52.3Ω
10kΩ
INLO
VSET
47nF
05705-028
10kΩ
VSET
CLPF
CFLT
Figure 28. Increasing the Slope
DAC
05705-029
VOUT
Figure 29. Controller Mode
CONTROLLER MODE
The AD8319 provides a controller mode feature at the VOUT
pin. Using VSET for the setpoint voltage, it is possible for the
AD8319 to control subsystems, such as power amplifiers (PAs),
variable gain amplifiers (VGAs), or variable voltage attenuators
(VVAs) that have output power that increases monotonically
with respect to their gain control signal.
Decreasing VSET, which corresponds to demanding a higher
signal from the VGA, increases VOUT. The gain control voltage
of the VGA must have a positive sense. A positive control voltage
to the VGA increases the gain of the device.
Rev. C | Page 13 of 20
AD8319
Data Sheet
+5V
+5V
RF INPUT
SIGNAL
120nH
VPOS
100pF
COMM
100pF
OPHI
INHI
ADL5330
100pF
OPLO
INLO
100pF
DIRECTIONAL
COUPLER
GAIN
4.12kΩ
SETPOINT
VOLTAGE
DAC
10kΩ
VOUT
ATTENUATOR
+5V
VPOS
VSET
47nF
INHI
AD8319
52.3Ω
LOG AMP
1nF
RF OUTPUT
SIGNAL
120nH
CLPF
TADJ
INLO
COMM
47nF
05705-030
18kΩ
Figure 30. AD8319 Operating in Controller Mode to Provide Automatic Gain Control Functionality in Combination with the ADL5330
Figure 31 shows the transfer function of the output power vs.
the VSET voltage over temperature for a 900 MHz sine wave with
an input power of −1.5 dBm. Note that the power control of the
AD8319 has a negative sense. Decreasing VSET, which corresponds
to demanding a higher signal from the ADL5330, increases gain.
4
20
3
10
2
0
1
–10
0
–20
–1
–30
–2
–40
–3
–4
–50
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6
SETPOINT VOLTAGE (V)
ERROR (dB)
A coupler/attenuation of 21 dB is used to match the desired
maximum output power from the VGA to the top end of the
linear operating range of the AD8319 (approximately −5 dBm
at 900 MHz).
30
05705-031
The gain of the ADL5330 is controlled by the output pin of the
AD8319. This voltage, VOUT, has a range of 0 V to near VPOS. To
avoid overdrive recovery issues, the AD8319 output voltage can
be scaled down using a resistive divider to interface with the 0 V
to 1.4 V gain control range of the ADL5330.
The AGC loop is capable of controlling signals of ~40 dB. This
range limitation is due to the dynamic range of the AD8319.
Using a wider dynamic range detector, such as the AD8317,
AD8318, or AD8362, allows for the full 60 dB range of the
ADL5330 to be used. The performance over temperature is
most accurate over the highest power range, where it is generally
most critical. Across the top 40 dB range of output power, the
linear conformance error is well within ±0.5 dB over temperature.
OUTPUT POWER (dBm)
The basic connections for operating the AD8319 in an automatic
gain control (AGC) loop with the ADL5330 are shown in
Figure 30. The ADL5330 is a 10 MHz to 3 GHz VGA. It offers a
large gain control range of 60 dB with ±0.5 dB gain stability.
This configuration is similar to Figure 29.
Figure 31. ADL5330 Output Power vs. AD8319 Setpoint Voltage, PIN = −1.5 dBm
Rev. C | Page 14 of 20
Data Sheet
AD8319
For the AGC loop to remain in equilibrium, the AD8319 must
track the envelope of the output signal of the ADL5330 and
provide the necessary voltage levels to the gain control input
of the ADL5330. Figure 32 shows an oscilloscope screenshot of
the AGC loop depicted in Figure 30. A 100 MHz sine wave with
50% AM modulation is applied to the ADL5330. The output signal
from the VGA is a constant envelope sine wave with amplitude
corresponding to a setpoint voltage at the AD8319 of 1.3 V.
The gain control response of the AD8319 to the changing input
envelope is also shown.
AM MODULATED INPUT
Calibration in controller mode is similar to the method used
in measurement mode. A simple two-point calibration can be
done by applying two known VSET voltages or DAC codes and
measuring the output power from the VGA. Slope and intercept
can then be calculated by:
Slope = (VSET1 − VSET2)/(POUT1 − POUT2)
(8)
Intercept = POUT1 − VSET1/Slope
(9)
VSETx = Slope × (POUTx − Intercept)
(10)
More information on the use of the ADL5330 in AGC applications
can be found in the ADL5330 data sheet.
OUTPUT FILTERING
1
For applications in which maximum video bandwidth and,
consequently, fast rise time are desired, it is essential that the
CLPF pin be left unconnected and free of any stray capacitance.
The nominal output video bandwidth of 50 MHz can be reduced
by connecting a ground-referenced capacitor (CFLT) to the CLPF
pin, as shown in Figure 34. This is generally done to reduce output
ripple (at twice the input frequency for a symmetric input
waveform such as sinusoidal signals).
AD8319 OUTPUT
A Ch2
M2.00ms
T
0.00000 s
1.03V
AD8319
ILOG
Figure 32. Oscilloscope Screenshot Showing an AM Modulated Input Signal
and the Response from the AD8319
+4
1.5kΩ
Figure 33 shows the response of the AGC RF output to a pulse
on VSET. As VSET decreases from 1.5 V to 0.4 V, the AGC loop
responds with an RF burst. In this configuration, the input signal to
the ADL5330 is a 1 GHz sine wave at a power level of −15 dBm.
3.5pF
VOUT
CLPF
CFLT
05705-037
2 ADL5330 OUTPUT
CH1 200mV
Ch2 200mV
Ch3 100mVΩ
05705-032
3
Figure 34. Lowering the Postdemodulation Bandwidth
T
AD8319 VSET PULSE
CFLT is selected by
C FLT =
1
(11)
The video bandwidth should typically be set to a frequency
equal to approximately one-tenth the minimum input frequency.
This ensures that the output ripple of the demodulated log
output, which is at twice the input frequency, is well filtered.
ADL5330 OUTPUT
3
In many log amp applications, it may be necessary to lower the
corner frequency of the postdemodulation filtering to achieve
low output ripple while maintaining a rapid response time to
changes in signal level. An example of a four-pole active filter
is shown in the AD8307 data sheet.
05705-033
Ch1 2.00V
Ch3 50mVΩ
1
(2π × 1.5 kΩ × Video Bandwidth ) − 3.5 pF
M10.µs
A Ch1
179.800µs
T
2.60V
Figure 33. Oscilloscope Screenshot Showing the
Response Time of the AGC Loop
Response time and the amount of signal integration are
controlled by CFLT. This functionality is analogous to the
feedback capacitor around an integrating amplifier. While it
is possible to use large capacitors for CFLT, in most applications,
values under 1 nF provide sufficient filtering.
Rev. C | Page 15 of 20
AD8319
Data Sheet
OPERATION BEYOND 8 GHz
5
1.8
4
1.6
3
1.4
2
1.2
1
1.0
0
0.8
–1
0.6
–2
0.4
–3
0.2
–4
0
–40
–5
–35
–30
–25
–20
–15
PIN (dBm)
–10
–5
0
5
ERROR (dB)
2.0
Operation beyond 10 GHz is possible, but part-to-part
variation, most notably in the intercept, becomes significant.
05705-038
VOUT (V)
The AD8319 is specified for operation up to 8 GHz, but it provides
useful measurement accuracy over a reduced dynamic range of
up to 10 GHz. Figure 35 shows the performance of the AD8319
over temperature at 10 GHz when the device is configured as
shown in Figure 22. Dynamic range is reduced at this frequency,
but the AD8319 does provide 30 dB of measurement range within
±3 dB of linearity error.
Implementing an impedance match for frequencies beyond
8 GHz can improve the sensitivity of the AD8319 and
measurement range.
Figure 35. VOUT and Log Conformance Error vs. Input Amplitude at 10 GHz,
Multiple Devices, RTADJ = Open, CLPF = 1000 pF
Rev. C | Page 16 of 20
Data Sheet
AD8319
EVALUATION BOARD
VPOS
TADJ
GND
C4
R5
200Ω
VOUT_ALT
C5
R7
OPEN
100pF
C1
R4
OPEN
R6
1kΩ
47nF
8
INLO
R1
52.3Ω
RFIN
7
VPOS
6
TADJ
5
VOUT
C2
COMM
2
CLPF
3
VSET
4
C3
8.2pF
47nF
RL
OPEN
R2
0Ω
AD8319
INHI
1
VOUT
CL
OPEN
VSET
R3
OPEN
05705-034
0.1µF
Figure 36. Evaluation Board Schematic (Rev. A)
Table 5. Evaluation Board (Rev. A) Configuration Options
Component
VPOS, GND
R1, C1, C2
R5, R7
R2, R3, R4,
R6, RL, CL
R2, R3
C4, C5
C3
Function
Supply and Ground Connections.
Input Interface.
The 52.3 Ω resistor in Position R1 combines with the internal input impedance of the AD8319 to
give a broadband input impedance of approximately 50 Ω. Capacitor C1 and Capacitor C2 are dc
blocking capacitors. A reactive impedance match can be implemented by replacing R1 with an
inductor and C1 and C2 with appropriately valued capacitors.
Temperature Compensation Interface.
The internal temperature compensation network is optimized for input signals up to 3.6 GHz when
R7 is 10 kΩ. This circuit can be adjusted to optimize performance for other input frequencies
by changing the value of the resistor in Position R7. See Table 4 for specific RTADJ resistor values.
Output Interface—Measurement Mode.
In measurement mode, a portion of the output voltage is fed back to the VSET pin via R2. The
magnitude of the slope of the VOUT output voltage response can be increased by reducing the
portion of VOUT that is fed back to VSET. R6 can be used as a back-terminating resistor or as part
of a single-pole, low-pass filter.
Output Interface—Controller Mode.
In this mode, R2 must be open. In controller mode, the AD8319 can control the gain of an
external component. A setpoint voltage is applied to the VSET pin, the value of which corresponds
to the desired RF input signal level applied to the AD8319 RF input. A sample of the RF output
signal from this variable-gain component is selected, typically via a directional coupler, and
applied to AD8319 RF input. The voltage at the VOUT pin is applied to the gain control of the
variable gain element. A control voltage is applied to the VSET pin. The magnitude of the
control voltage can optionally be attenuated via the voltage divider comprising R2 and R3, or a
capacitor can be installed in Position R3 to form a low-pass filter along with R2.
Power Supply Decoupling.
The nominal supply decoupling consists of a 100 pF filter capacitor placed physically close to
the AD8319 and a 0.1 µF capacitor placed physically close to the power supply input pin.
Filter Capacitor.
The low-pass corner frequency of the circuit that drives the VOUT pin can be lowered by placing a
capacitor between CLPF and ground. Increasing this capacitor increases the overall rise/fall
time of the AD8319 for pulsed input signals. See the Output Filtering section for more details.
Rev. C | Page 17 of 20
Default Conditions
Not applicable
R1 = 52.3 Ω (Size 0402)
C1 = 47 nF (Size 0402)
C2 = 47 nF (Size 0402)
R5 = 200 Ω (Size 0402)
R7 = open (Size 0402)
R2 = 0 Ω (Size 0402)
R3 = open (Size 0402)
R4 = open (Size 0402)
R6 = 1 kΩ (Size 0402)
RL = CL = open (Size 0402)
R2 = open (Size 0402)
R3 = open (Size 0402)
C4 = 0.1 µF (Size 0603)
C5 = 100 pF (Size 0402)
C3 = 8.2 pF (Size 0402)
Data Sheet
05705-035
05705-036
AD8319
Figure 37. Component Side Layout
Figure 38. Component Side Silkscreen
Rev. C | Page 18 of 20
Data Sheet
AD8319
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
3.25
3.00
2.75
0.60
0.45
0.30
8
4
1
BOTTOM VIEW
2.95
2.75
2.55
12° MAX
0.25
0.20
0.15
EXPOSEDPAD
TOP VIEW
PIN 1
INDICATOR
0.15
0.10
0.05
0.50 BSC
FOR PROPER CONNECTION OF
THE EXPOSED PAD, REFER TO
THE PIN CONFIGURATION AND
FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS
SECTION OF THIS DATA SHEET.
0.80 MAX
0.65 TYP
0.05 MAX
0.02 NOM
0.30
0.23
0.18
0.20 REF
03-11-2013-B
SEATING
PLANE
5
2.25
2.00
1.75
1.95
1.75
1.55
1.00
0.85
0.80
1.89
1.74
1.59
0.55
0.40
0.30
Figure 39. 8-Lead Lead Frame Chip Scale Package [LFCSP_VD]
2 mm × 3 mm Body, Very Thin, Dual Lead
(CP-8-1)
Dimensions shown in millimeters
ORDERING GUIDE
Model1
AD8319ACPZ-R7
AD8319ACPZ-R2
AD8319ACPZ-WP
AD8319-EVALZ
1
Temperature Range
–40°C to +85°C
–40°C to +85°C
–40°C to +85°C
Package Description
8-Lead LFCSP_VD
8-Lead LFCSP_VD
8-Lead LFCSP_VD, Waffle Pack
Evaluation Board
Z = RoHS Compliant Part.
Rev. C | Page 19 of 20
Package Option
CP-8-1
CP-8-1
CP-8-1
Branding
Q2
Q2
Q2
AD8319
Data Sheet
NOTES
©2005–2013 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
D05705-0-3/13(C)
Rev. C | Page 20 of 20