AccuPiXEL Series
TM-1400
General Description
The TM-1400 is a miniature, high-resolution (1.4
megapixels) monochrome progressive scan CCD camera.
The imager resolution is 1392 x 1040 pixels and the
frame rate is 15 and 30 frames per second. The interline
transfer CCD permits full vertical and horizontal
resolution of high-speed shuttered images. The electronic
shutter has speeds up to 1/16,000 sec. and can be reset
asynchronously by external pulse control.
The TM-1400 has a patent-pending, PULNiX exclusive,
built-in dual look-up table (LUT). This full dynamic range
control function can be set at externally selectable knee
slopes to optimize the CCD’s full dynamic range in the
normal output signal range. It also provides fast 10bit to 8-bit pre-processing for effective image feature
enhancement. The camera has both analog and digital
(RS-644) output for interfacing with frame grabbers.
All camera-control functions are externally controlled
via a user-friendly RS-232C graphical interface provided
by PULNiX.
Applications for the TM-1400 include machine vision,
medical imaging, intelligent transportation systems,
high-definition graphics, gauging, character recognition,
documents archiving, and surveillance.
Product Summary
•
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•
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•
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•
•
•
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High-resolution 1/2” progressive scan
1392(H) x 1040(V) interline transfer CCD imager
Miniature 44x44x64 mm housing with high-rel
connector
Digital RS-644 (LVDS) output and analog output
15 frames and 30 frames per second selectable
Maximum dynamic range control with PULNiXexclusive, patent-pending built-in look-up table
(Gamma, knee, user parameters)
Full frame integration
Image center partial scan (500, 250 lines)
Full-frame shutter to 1/16,000 sec.
Asynchronous reset, no-delay shutter and read-outinhibit control for multiple-camera applications
RS-232 external control
Near IR sensitivity and high gain CCD output
Color version (RGB Bayer CFA) is available (TMC-1400)
Asynchronous Reset
Electronic Shutter
The TM-1400’s asynchronous reset is flexible and
accepts external horizontal drive (HD) for phase locking.
When the VINIT pulse is applied, it resets the camera’s
scanning and purging of the CCD. There are two modes
to control the asynchronous reset and shutter speed:
1 External VINIT with pulse width. The duration
between pulse edges controls the shutter speed
externally.
2 Internal shutter speed control. The speed control
varies from 1/125 to 1/16,000 sec. The video signal and
FDV starts with internal V reset timing related to shutter
speed.
The TM-1400 has a substrate drain-type shutter
mechanism which provides a superb picture at various
speeds without smearing. A built-in manual shutter speed
control selects the electronic shutter rate of 1/60 (nonasync mode only), 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1,000, 1/2,000,
1/4,000, 1/8,000, or 1/16,000 second (double the speed
at 30 fps mode).
The CCD discharges when discharge pulse is applied
via internal shutter control. With a negative pulse to
VINIT, the camera resets and purges the CCD charge
momentarily. Then it starts integrating for the period of
preset shutter control time by either an external pulse
width or internal shutter control.
Progressive scanning permits a full 1040 lines of
vertical resolution, as compared to a conventional CCD
camera which captures only half the vertical lines per
shutter.
ASYNC RESET
VINIT
VD
SG (TRANSFER GATE)
Integration
DISCHARGE PULSE
FDV
DIGITAL DATA
Shutter Mode
VIDEO
Stand-by Image
Shutter Video
Stand-by Image
NO-shutter mode
SG
VIDEO
Normal Video Interrupted Image
1st Frame
Invalid data
Normal Video
Normal Video
The CCD imager of the TM-1400 can be exposed for
longer than the normal scan timing of 1/15 sec. This
integration feature provides extra sensitivity for darkenvironment applications. The progressive-scan imager
permits a full frame of resolution in non-interlace
format. Integration is achieved by applying INTEG signal
to pin #11 of the 12-pin connector or pin #6 of the 31-pin
connector, or by feeding VINIT pulse width control up to
1 sec of the pulse width.
Dynamic Range Control
Typical interline transfer CCDs have fixed noise
levels based on dark current (thermal or KT noise),
pattern noise, and operating clock speed. Typically for a
1k x 1k CCD operating at 25.0MHz pixel clock, the noise
level is around 30 electrons. The maximum capacity
of the CCD charges is limited by the well capacity at
saturation. The range is limited by the structure and the
pixel size.
The TM-1400 uses a 1/2” CCD with 4.65 µm x
4.65 µm pixel and three-phase vertical shift register
structure. The well capacity is 8,000 electrons. The
theoretical dynamic range is 8,000:30 = 267:1 (48 dB).
A typical CCD camera does not use the full
dynamic range due to the nominal gain and the output
specification such as RS-170. The typical CCD camera has
its gain set at 16 to 22 dB and the RS-170 video level is
714 mV. Using 20 dB gain for the calculation, CCD output
is limited to 714/10 = 71.4 mV. Since the CCD’s saturation
voltage is 400 mV to 500 mV, it uses less than 1/5 of the
full dynamic range. CCD DYNAMIC RANGE VS. VSUB VOLTAGE
CCD dynamic range utilization
At a specific gain setting, the offset (minimum
level... dark point) and A/D reference top voltage
(maximum level... saturation point) are set to 10-bit
A/D input so that the full dynamic range of the CCD is
utilized at 10-bit references as the input and the LUT
output is converted into 8-bit to adjust the gamma
correction.
The look-up table has two knee points (variable
gamma selection) that allow the 10 bits to be segmented
into three regions. The look-up table selection can be
made either by variable knee curve or by direct input of
the knee coordinates.
Blooming adj. = 13. 5 V
Lens: F=5.6
mV
Vsub = 8 V
Max. Digital dynamic range at 3 dB amp
600
Linear image: When PCB surface is visible, metal trace is saturated. If the metal
surface appears, then the plastic surface
is too dark.
CCD OUTPUT VOLTAGE
Vsub = 10 V
Vsub = 12 V
400
Scan Mode
Vsub = 14 V
Vsub = 16 V
200
Digital saturation at 16 dB amp
Vsub = 18 V
Analog saturation at 20 dB amp
0
0
20
40
60
80
LUMINANCE
100
120
140
160
FL
Machine vision and outdoor applications cannot
afford to miss image information behind the saturation,
which is why the dynamic range adaptation is critical.
Programmable LUT and Knee Control
(patent pending)
The TM-1400 has a built-in LUT (look-up table) for
dynamic range control.
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Knee-controlled image: The upper
is LUT#6, the lower is #7. Both show
the full dynamic range with different effects.
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Full Progressive Scan
Normal scanning mode for the TM-1400 is 1392 x
1040 pixels. The standard speed with single-channel
output is 30 frames/sec. at the pixel clock of 50.0 MHz.
(It can also be set to run 15 frames per second at 25.0
MHz.) Unlike an interlace scan camera, the TM-1400
reads every line from top to bottom, resulting in all
lines being obtained per captured image frame with
electronic shutter.
Partial Scan
500 lines and 250 lines partial scan is selectable. It
outputs image center of 500 lines and 250 lines. At 500
lines the frame rate is 56 frames/sec. At 250 lines, it is
99 frames. Standard partial scan control is only available
in 30fps mode.
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External Sync
Connector and Pin Configurations
The TM-1400 accepts an external sync. of standard
HD and VD at TTL level for general locking to a system
sync. and clock. External sync. is available for 30-frame
mode only. The frequency requirement is as follows:
fHD = 31.09 KHz ±2%
fVD = 29.5 Hz ±2%
(Internal
Master clock = 100.0 MHz,
Pixel clock = 25.0 or 50.0 MHz)
Please contact PULNiX for TM-1400 timing charts.
Mode Switch
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Up/Down Switch
Switch Disabled
Set Gain
Set Vtop (A/D)
Set Vbottom (A/D)
Switch Disabled
Up / Down
Up / Down
Up / Down
None
Change gain
Change A/D ref. top
Change A/D ref bottom
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
Gain Selection #1
Gain Selection #2
Linear LUT
Knee Selection
Async Reset Mode
Factory Default Recall
Power up Setting
User Page Storage#1
User Page Storage#2
Direct Shutter Control
Up: 9dB, Down: 12dB
Up: 18dB, Down: 22dB
Up
Up / Down (Scroll)
Up: Normal, Dwn: Async
Up / Down: Recall
Up: Recall, Dwn: Save
Up: Recall, Dwn: Save
Up: Recall, Dwn: Save
Up / Down
E
F
Scan Format2
Scan Format1
Lower gain selection
Higher gain selection
Back to linear table
Scroll 8 different LUTs
Async and normal shutter
Factory setting
Power up page setting
User page storage setting
User page storage setting
Shutter speed increment
by 1H
Partial selection
Custom
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Digital Output
Connector
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No-delay Shutter and Read-out-inhibit
31-Pin Connector (MQ21-031-113-4300)
For multiple-camera applications such as 2D or 3D
measurement and multi-angle inspection, simultaneous
image capturing at an exact shutter timing for all
cameras is a critical requirement. The TM-1400’s async
pulse width control mode provides no-delay shutter
as standard. Regardless of internal pulse timing, it
discharges at VINIT’s leading edge and transfers charges
at the trailing edge of the pulse. Even though each
camera runs with slightly different H and data clock
timing, image capturing is exactly simultaneous.
The TM-1400 also has read-out-inhibit control (ROI)
to control the vertical clock start (Async Shutter #9).
When ROI is low, V-clock is stopped and the transferred
charges remain in the vertical shift registers, which
works like CCD memory. When ROI is high, it clocks out
the CCD data. This helps a single frame grabber process
multiple images in pipeline processing (sequential
process).
Pin# Description
1
2
3
4
CLK+
LDV+
FDV+
GND
I/O
Pin#
Out
Out
Out
17
18
19
20
5
Description
I/O
CLKLDVFDVVINIT (TTL)
[INTEG (TTL)
EXT VD (TTL)
[EXT CLKN/C
[HDGND
[Vinit-/(VD-)
D0D1D2D3D4D5D6D7-
Out
Out
Out
In
In]
EXT HD (TTL)
In
21
[EXT CLK+
In]
In]
6
INTEG/ROI (TTL)
In
22
[HD+
In]
In]
7
N/C
23
[Vinit+/(VD+)
In]
In]
8
D0+
Out
24
Out
9
D1+
Out
25
Out
10
D2+
Out
26
Out
11
D3+
Out
27
Out
12
D4+
Out
28
Out
13
D5+
Out
29
Out
14
D6+
Out
30
Out
15
D7+
Out
31
Out
16
GND
Note: CLK: data clock, LDV: Line data valid, FDV: Frame data valid, INTEG: Integration
control, EXT CLK: external pixel clock, [ ]: Differential input option
VINIT (External Pulse Width Control Trigger)
No-Delay Shutter (All cameras)
Discharge
12-Pin Connector
No-delay Exposure
Transfer Gate
1
2
3
4
5
6
Readout start pulse width: Min. 1H to 1frame
ROI Control: Camera #1
Camera #1 Video
FDV/Vsync
Max. 1H delay
ROI Control: Camera #2
GND (power)
+12V
GND (analog)
Video out
GND (digital)
VINIT in
Camera #2 Video
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Shutter Control Switch
VD in
GND
HD in
RXD(RS232)
INTEG/ROI
TXD(RS232)
Manual
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Various modes can be implemented with the rear
panel-mode selection switch and Up/Down switch as well
as RS-232 external control. When RS��
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7
8
9
10
11
12
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Async
0 no shutter
no shutter
(1/15)
(1/15)
1
1/60
1/16,000
2
1/125
1/8,000
3
1/250
1/4,000
4
1/500
1/2,000
5
1/1,000
1/1,000
6
1/2,000
1/500
7
1/4,000
1/250
8
1/8,000
1/125
9 1/16,000
Ext. pulse width
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control
(For 30 fps mode, the shutter speed
doubles)
SPECIFICATIONS
1/2” progressive scan interline transfer CCD
AGC
OFF
Active Area
6.47mm x 4.84mm
Gamma
Programmable LUT (1.0 std)
Active Pixels
1392 (H) x 1040 (V)
Lens mount
C-mount (use > 2/3” format lenses)
4.65µm x 4.65µm
Power req
12V DC± 10%, 380 — 520 mA (current measured at 25°)
Display Mode
(Active Pixels)
1392 (H) x 1040 (V) @ 15/30 Hz
1392 (H) x 500, 250 (V) @ partial scan
Operating temp†
-10°C to 50°C
Vibration
7Grms (10 Hz to 2000 Hz) Random
Sync*
Internal/external auto switch
HD/VD, 4.0 Vp-p impedance 4.7K Ω
VD=15 / 30 Hz ± 2%, non-interlace
HD=15.55 / 31.09 kHz ± 2%
Shock
70G
Size (W x H x L)
44mm x 44mm x 64mm (1.73” x 1.73” x 2.51”)
Weight
133 grams, 4.7 oz (without tripod)
Adjustable back-focus front end, 12 fps, 24 fps
Cell size
Data clock output
50.00 / 25.00 MHz
Resolution
Digital: 1392 (H) x 1040 (V),
Analog: over 900 TV lines (H) x 800 TV lines (V)
Opt. Functions
S/N ratio
48 dB min (AGC off)
Min. illumination
1.0 lux, f=1.4 (no shutter) @ 30 fps
Sensitivity: 50µ V/e-
Opt. Accessories
I/O
Video output
Analog: 714 mV, 75 Ω (900 mV white clip)
Digital output: 8-bit RS-644
MUST BE ORDERED SEPARATELY
Power cable
Power supply
* External sync only at 30 fps.
† Image quality will degrade with increasing temperature.
Graphical User Interface
Camera parameters can be uploaded from the PC
to the camera. Once these parameters are stored in
EEPROMs, an instantaneous change from one setting
to another can be done with a delay of few frames in
between.
A user-friendly graphical user interface (GUI) is
provided in the CS-232E kit. This interface allows users to
control the following functions of the TM-1400 camera:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Shutter control for manual async. and
pulse width control
Gain control
A/D reference voltages control for Vtop and Vbottom
Save settings
Load settings
Report settings
LUT setting and graphic display
Scanning mode selection and Option selections
Serial Communication Kit
The serial communication kit CS-232E consists of
serial cable RS-232B-12, a software disk, and a quickstart guide. The RS-232B-12 cable has a 12-pin connector
on the camera end, and a 9-pin D-sub connector
(RS-232) and a 12-pin connector (power and sync signals)
on the other end.
UP
SHUTTER
44.0 [1.73]
MODE DOWN
DIGITAL
POWER
7.0 [0.28]
14.7 [0.58]
34.0 [1.34]
44.0 [1.73]
63.0 [2.48]
25.4 [1.00]
75.7 [2.98]
22.0 [0.87]
11.0 [0.43]
22.4 [0.88]
1/4-20
VIDEO
2X M6
18.4 [0.73]
2X M3 X 6.0 [0.24]
71-0077 Rev A.10.07.2003
•
30DG-02 digital output cable
CS-232E serial communication kit
12P-02S power cable with open leads
PD-12UUP series (includes power connector)
Company and product names mentioned in this document are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
JAI A·S cannot be held responsible for any technical or typographical errors and reserves the right to make changes to products and documentation without prior notification.
Imager
SOC HD CAP SCR
18.0 [0.71]
JAI A·S, Denmark
Phone +45 4457 8888
www.jai.com
JAI UK Ltd., England
Phone: +44 189 582 1481
www.jai.com
JAI Corporation, Japan
Phone: +81 045 440 0154
www.jai-corp.co.jp
JAI PULNiX Inc., USA
1330 Orleans Drive
Sunnyvale
CA 94089
USA
Phone +1 408-747-0300
(toll-free) 1 800 445 5444
Fax +1 408 747 0660
www.jaipulnix.com
JAI PULNiX, Germany
Phone +49-(0) 60 55-93 79-10
www.jaipulnix.com
w w w.jaipulni x .com
Camera Link™ Cameras
Camera Link is a new digital transmission method,
designed by vision product manufacturers specifically
for the machine vision industry, in answer to customer
requests. It is an easy way to connect digital cameras to
frame grabbers.
Camera Link is a camera-to-frame grabber
interface specification based on an implementation of
Channel Link™ technology. It includes hardware (cable
connectors), & data transmission as well as camera
control and asynchronous serial communications all on
a single cable. Now, only two connections (power and
Camera Link) are required to operate the camera.
The specification was developed through an
initiative headed by PULNiX America, Inc. Camera Link
defines a single connector for both the frame grabber
and the camera. This insures that all products bearing
the Camera Link logo are interchangeable with each
other. The official Camera Link logo is shown to the
right.
As a standard that has been defined by industry
members, Camera Link provides the following benefits:
•
Real-time signaling: Camera Link supports real-time
signaling. Camera Link cameras accept signals including asynchronous reset (Vinit), HD, VD, and integration
through the Camera Link cable, without latency (delay).
•
High data rates: A base configuration Camera Link interface can handle 1.2Gbps of data. The technology used in
Camera Link has a maximum data rate of 3.5Gbps, insuring solutions for tomorrow’s applications.
•
Flexibility: Camera Link is independent of imager
resolution, video format, and frame rate. In contrast,
some other digital transmission standards are set for
specific pre-defined video formats.
•
Platform independence: Camera Link is a hardware
specification designed by camera and frame grabber
manufacturers specifically for the Machine Vision industry.
The frame grabber software must be Windows™ 9X/2000
compatible, but is independent of support from third
parties like Microsoft, Apple, or Intel.
Channel LinkTM is a registered trademark of National Semiconductor.
Camera LinkCM is a registered copymark of the AIA
•
Simple interface: Only two connections are required to
interface a camera and frame grabber: Power and Camera
Link. Cameras and frame grabbers can be easily interchanged using the same cable.
•
Standardized cable assembly: Camera Link specifies a
standard cable assembly. This eliminates the need for
manufacturers to provide custom cables, and allows
customers to take advantage of lower cable prices. In
addition, the technology used in Camera Link reduces the
number of wires required to transmit data, allowing for
thinner cables, which are more robust and less prone to
breakage. Various cable lengths are available up to 10m.
•
Extensive application software support from frame
grabber and vision software companies: Machine vision
applications require robust and field-proven software.
Camera Link is a quick and simple way for users to standardize their systems for existing applications without
having to verify new software.
•
Long-term, stable supply: Channel Link technology is
committed to providing long-term support to the telecommunications industry. Unlike most consumer products, the
basic architecture will remain stable for many years to
come.
Windows 2000TM is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Channel Link Technology
The heart of Camera Link is Channel Link, a data transmission method by National Semiconductor. Channel Link
is made up of a receiver chip and a transmitter chip. This chipset is used to transmit digital data. This technology
offers many advantages to machine-vision applications over the previous method, namely, RS-644 (LVDS format of
RS-422).
LVDS (Low Voltage Differential Signaling) has become the most common means to transmit digital data in recent
years. This method, however, has several major drawbacks. LVDS requires a pair of wires for transmission of each
data bit, creating bulky cables prone to breakage if stressed. Also, the maximum data transmission rate of LVDS is
400 Mbps, fast enough for today’s applications, but limiting for tomorrow’s requirements. Channel Link takes LVDS
to the next level.
TTL/CMOS�
Data 28-bit
Receiver
Driver
Data (LDVS)
Receiver
Driver
Data (LDVS)
Receiver
Driver
Clock (LDVS)
Receiver
100
Data (LDVS)
Receiver
26 Position
High Density
Mini D Ribbon
(MDR) Male Plug
1
15
2
16
3
17
4
18
5
19
6
20
7
21
8
22
9
23
10
24
11
25
12
26
13
This
configuration will transfer up to 28 bits of data. For applications that require more
bandwidth, additional Camera Link connections can be used.
There are 3 configurations – base, medium and full. Please visit the PULNiX
web site for detailed specifications of Camera Link.
14
Camera Control
Data (LDVS)
Driver
Clock
Cable
�
Serial communication
pairs
pair transmission clock
pair transmit
pair receive
signal pairs
Driver
TTL/CMOS�
Data 28-bit
A single Camera Link connection provides the following information on an MDR
connector with 26 pins.
4
1
1
1
4
Receiver
>1.6 Gbps
Camera Link Connector and Cable Configurations
Image data and timing
100
Driver
Channel Link uses LVDS standards to transmit data. Far fewer wires,
however, are needed to transmit the data. A Channel Link transmitter
will convert 28 bits of data into a format that can be transmitted over 4
parallel lines. A transmit clock over a fifth line finishes the requirements
for Channel Link transmission. The diagram to the right shows how just five
pairs of wire are able to transmit data that would require 56 wires using
standard LVDS methods.
2X
Thumbscrews
Camera Link Cable
Note: The MDR-26 cable assembly is manufactured by 3M Corporation.
Camera Link Cable Ordering Information
Camera Link cables are available from multiple vendors.
JAI PULNiX P/N
3M
Intercon I
Molded Cables
26CL-02-26
14T26-SZLB-100-0LC
CLCP-1.0-p
14T26-SZLB-200-0LC
CLCP-2.0-p
14T26-SZLB-300-0LC
CLCP-3.0-p
14T26-SZLB-500-0LC
CLCP-5.0-p
14T26-SZLB-700-0LC
CLCP-7.0-p
14T26-SZLB-A00-0LC
CLCP-10-p
14T26-SZLB-450-0LC
CLCP-4.5-p
14B26-SZLB-100-0LC
CLCPH-1.0-p
14B26-SZLB-200-0LC
CLCPH-2.0-p
14B26-SZLB-300-0LC
CLCPH-3.0-p
14B26-SZLB-450-0LC
CLCPH-4.5-p
14B26-SZLB-500-0LC
CLCPH-5.0-p
14B26-SZLB-700-0LC
CLCPH-7.0-p
14B26-SZLB-A00-0LC
CLCPH-10-p
Shell Kit Cables
Length
2X
Thumbscrews
Rear Panel
Connector and Pin Configurations
TMC-6700CL/TMC-1000CL
Camera Link Connector (MDR 26-pin connector)
AccuPiXEL™ Series
CAMERA LINK
#13
Pin #1
CAMERA LINK
POWER
#26
ANALOG
1
2
#14
Rear Panel top view
3
Camera Link Connector
MDR-26
Description
GND (shield)
X0– (CH0–)
X1– (CH1–)
X2– (CH2–)
Xclk– (CLK–)
X3– (CH3–)
SerTC+ (Rx+)
SerTFG– (Tx–)
CC1- (Vinit/VD–)
CC2+ (Integ/ROI+)
CC3- (HD–)
CC4+ (RCLK+)
GND
GND (shield)
X0+ (CH0+)
X1+ (CH1+)
X2+ (CH2+)
Xclk+ (CLK+)
X3+ (CH3+)
SerTC– (Rx–)
SerTFG+ (Tx+)
CC1+ (Vinit/VD+)
CC2- (Integ/ROI–)
CC3+ (HD+)
CC4- (RCLK–)
Inner shield
8
7
12
5
6
POWER
MDR 26-pin Connector 10226-6212VC
Pin#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
9
10
11
4
VIDEO
The 26-pin Connector Pin Assignment
I/O
(Camera Side)
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
In
Out
In
In
In*
In**
1
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
In (LVDS or RS-232)
Out
In
In
In*
In**
CH0–
2
CH1–
3
CH2–
4
CLK–
5
CH3–
6
RX+
7
TX–
8
VD/VINIT–
9
INT/ROI+
10
HD–
11
RCLK+
12
13
14
15
CH0+
Node description:
16
CH1+
17
CH2+
18
CLK+
19
CH3+
20
RX–
21
TX+
CH0: Data B0, A5, A4, A3, A2, A1, A0
CH1: Data C1, C0, B5, B4, B3, B2, B1
CH2: Data DVAL, FVAL, LVAL, C5, C4, C3, C2
CH3: Data SPARE, C7, C6, B7, B6, A7, A6
CLK: Data clock
RX, TX: Serial communication, RX = Ser to Cam�
�
TX = Ser to FG
VD/VINIT: Ext. VD in or VINIT (Triger) in
INT/ROI: Integration control in or �
�
Read-Out-Inhibit in
HD: External HD in
RCLK: External read clock in
22
VD/VINIT+
23
INT/ROI–
24
HD+
25
RCLK–
26
* HD, VD for external sync input. (Please contact PULNiX for Ext. HD input)
** RCLK is reserved for read clock input.
Camera Link Signal Assignment to Channel Link Chip (RGB 8-bit x 3)
Tx
Tx
Tx
Tx
Tx
Tx
Tx
Tx
IN0
IN1
IN2
IN3
IN4
IN5
IN6
IN7
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
R0 (LSB)
R1
R2
R3
R4
R7 (MSB)
R5
G0
Tx
Tx
Tx
Tx
Tx
Tx
Tx
Tx
IN8
IN9
IN10
IN11
IN12
IN13
IN14
IN15
G1
G2
G6
G7
G3
G4
G5
B0
Tx
Tx
Tx
Tx
Tx
Tx
Tx
Tx
IN16
IN17
IN18
IN19
IN20
IN21
IN22
IN23
B6
B7
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
(YCC CLK)
Tx
Tx
Tx
Tx
Tx
IN24
IN25
IN26
IN27
CLK
LDV
FDV
LPULSE
R6
Data clock
Note1: CLK: data clock, LDV: Line data valid, FDV: Frame data valid, INTEG: Integration control,
VINIT: Async Trigger Input, ROI: Read-out-inhibit.
Note2: Data R0-7 is defined as A 0-7, Data G 0-7 is defined as B 0-7. Data B 0-7 is defined as C0-7. For 8-bit B/W, only
A 0-7 is used. For 8-bit x 2 A 0-7 and B 0-7 are used.
Note3: Camera control via 12-pin connector (RS-232) is available as an option.
AccuPiXEL™ is a registered trademark of JAI PULNiX, Inc.
Camera Link Camera Models
Camera models
B/W Cameras
CCD
(In)
Resolution
Frame rate
(frame/sec.)
Data Clock
(MHz)
Data
Analog video
Size
(HxWxL mm)
TM-6760CL
1/2
648 x 484
60/30
25.49/12.75
Ch-A 8-bit
BNC: VGA video
44 x 44 x 64
TM-6710CL
1/2
648 x 484
120/60
25.49/12.75
Ch-A & B
8-bit x 2
BNC: 120 fps @ 50MHz
39 x 46 x 140
TM-1400CL
1/2
1392 x 1040
20
33.3
Ch-A 8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TM-1320A-15CL
2/3
1300 x 1030
15
25.0
Ch-A 8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TM-1320A-24CL
2/3
1300 x 1030
24
40.0
Ch-A 8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TM-1325CL
2/3
1392 x 1040
15/30
33.3
Ch-A 8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TM-1020-15CL
1
1008 x 1018
15
20.0
Ch-A 8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TM-2016-8CL
1
1920 x 1080
8
20.0
Ch-A 8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TM-2016-15CL
1
1920 x 1080
15
40.0
Ch-A 8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
1.2
2048 x 2048
15
40.0
8-bit x 2
BNC: progressive scan
51 x 51 x 82
TMC-6700CL
1/2
648 x 484
60
25.49
Ch-R,G,B
8-bit x 3
Dsub: RGB video
VGA video
51 x 67 x 117
TMC-1000CL
1
1008 x 1018
15
20.0
Ch-R,G,B
8-bit x 3
Dsub: RGB video
progressive scan
51 x 67 x 117
TMC-6760CL∆
1/2
648 x 484
60
25.49/12.75
Ch-A 8-bit
BNC: VGA video
44 x 44 x 64
TMC-6710CL
1/2
648 x 484
120
25.49
Ch-A & B
8-bit x 2
BNC: 120 fps @ 50MHz
VGA video
39 x 46 x 140
TMC-1400CL∆
1/2
1392 x 1040
20
33.3
Ch-A 8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TMC-1320A-15CL∆
2/3
1300 x 1030
15
25.0
Ch-A 8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TMC-1320A-24CL∆
2/3
1300 x 1030
24
40.0
Ch-A 8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TMC-1325CL
TM-4000CL
2/3
1392 x 1040
15/30
33.3
Ch-A 8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TMC-1020-15CL∆
1
1008 x 1018
15
20.0
Ch-A 8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TMC-2016-8CL∆
1
1920 x 1080
8
20.0
Ch-A 8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
40.0
Ch-A & B
8-bit x 2
BNC: progressive scan
51 x 51 x 82
TMC-4000CL∆
1.2
2048 x 2048
15
∆ AccuPiXEL color cameras require software interpolation.
Please contact PULNiX for availability. For detailed camera specifications,
please refer to the standard camera data sheet for each model.
For product updates and data sheets, see our web site:
Company and product names mentioned in this document are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
JAI A·S cannot be held responsible for any technical or typographical errors and reserves the right to make changes to products and documentation without prior notification.
Color Cameras
71-0048 Rev B.10.21.2003
ww w.j a i p u lni x . c o m
JAI A·S, Denmark
Phone +45 4457 8888
www.jai.com
JAI UK Ltd., England
Phone: +44 189 582 1481
www.jai.com
JAI Corporation, Japan
Phone: +81 045 440 0150
www.jai-corp.co.jp
JAI PULNiX Inc., USA
1330 Orleans Drive
Sunnyvale
CA 94089
USA
Phone +1 408-747-0300
(toll-free) 1 800 445 5444
Fax +1 408 747 0660
www.jaipulnix.com
JAI PULNiX, Germany
Phone +49-(0) 60 55-93 79-0
www.jaipulnix.com
w w w.jaipulni x .com
Color AccuPiXEL Series Cameras
Color AccuPiXEL®
New Product Summary
• High-resolution, high-speed progressive scan
interline transfer CCD imagers
• Digital Camera Link, RS-644 (LVDS) output and analog
output
• Bayer color filter arrays
• Maximum dynamic range control with built-in look-up
table (Gamma, knee, user parameters)
• Full-frame integration, partial scan, two-row
•
•
•
•
•
binning
Smaller, lightweight housing with High-rel
connector
Full-frame shutter to 1/16,000 sec.
Asynchronous reset, no-delay shutter, read-out-inhibit
control
RS-232 or Camera Link external control
Excellent color reproduction with various color interpolation software
Actual image taken with the TMC-1320
General Description
Color Filter Array
PULNiX AccuPiXEL cameras use Bayer CFA (color filter
array) as their standard primary color filter. This filter
provides the most popular color interpolation supported
by numerous software suppliers.
The digital format, either Camera Link or RS644, allows the camera to output accurate pixel data,
including the color information. When the data is stored
in the frame buffer of a frame grabber or computer,
the color information is easily manipulated to restore
the original color images. Because the color filter
array contains only a single R, G or B color in each
pixel, the restored image has to fill in colors in the
missing pixel locations. The software uses neighboring
pixel information to “guess” the missing colors to
make smooth, clear images. This is called “Color
Interpolation.” Today’s high-speed computers allow
such color interpolation to be done almost in real time.
Because these cameras do not contain internal colorprocessing circuitry, they are smaller and less expensive
than full-function color cameras.
Bayer Color Filter Array (CFA)
The Bayer CFA is an R,G, B primary color filter array.
This is the most widely accepted CFA for the single-chip
CCD progressive scan format. The array layout has a
specific order of each color pixels. Since the human eye’s
resolution and color recognition are highest at green, the
CFA contains two greens per each red and blue.
It is critical for the frame grabber and color
interpolation to know where the individual color pixels
exist relative to sync (LDV and FDV) timing.
This requirement makes digital output the preferred
choice, because the timing relationships are very
accurate.
25%
G
20%
R
B
Quantum Efficiency (%)
The PULNiX AccuPiXEL series color cameras are highresolution, high-speed progressive scan CCD cameras.
The interline transfer, progressive scan CCD permits full
vertical and horizontal resolution of images acquired at
very high shutter speeds. The electronic shutter, which
has speeds to 1/16,000 sec., can be reset asynchronously
by external pulse control. Uniform square pixels provide
superior image definition in any orientation. On-chip
micro lenses mean increased sensitivity.
15%
10%
5%
0%
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
Wavelength (nm)
800
850
900
950
1000
Starting pixel configuration
Sync and Data
All manufacturers produce identical Bayer CFAs, but
there are slight differences between the CCDs produced
by different manufacturers. The first line is generally
R and G, except for the Kodak CCD, which starts with
G. The Sony CCD starts with R. The camera timing can
be adjusted to start with either G or R by skipping the
very first pixels at each lines. The majority of color
interpolation software can select between a variety of
pixel relations, such as R/G start or G/R start as well as
G/B start and B/G start. Once the correct scanning is
configured, the rest of the interpolation will be exactly
the same.
Please contact PULNiX for further information
regarding CCD manufacturers
The individual color data is exactly the same as the
pixel data. This means that the timing relationships of the
color cameras are also the same as of the B/W cameras.
For a detailed timing chart, please refer to each B/W
camera’s data sheet and manual.
If the frame grabber has a standard B/W configuration
file, then AccuPiXEL color cameras can use that
configuration file to operate. The configuration file may
vary, depending on whether the output is standard (RS644) or Camera Link. Please consult your frame grabber
supplier or PULNiX for compatibility information.
The following diagram is an example of the TMC-102015 (same as TM-1020-15).
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It is important to meet the exact starting pixel at LDV
and the starting line of FDV. If the starting pixel or line is
shifted due to the image capture configuration, then the
interpolation software can be adjusted the starting point.
In figure A, if the first pixel is shifted (missed), the color
interpolation should start with R-G. If the first line is
missed in A, the interpolation order will be B-G.
Camera functions
Interpolation software
AccuPiXEL color cameras perform all functions the
same way as B/W cameras. However, because of color
characteristics, the following issues are different:
1. Two-row binning scan
When two rows are mixed in the CCD, the Bayer
color is no longer valid. It provides color information but
cannot be interpolated as a Bayer CFA.
2. LUT (Look-up Table)
LUT is a powerful tool to adjust the dynamic range
as well as color dynamic range. Since human color
perception is non-linear, LUT selection can help optimize
color contrast by selecting the LUT value. Gamma 0.45 is
logarithmic and it is closed to human perception.
When LUT is selected, black-level adjustment must
be more accurate than for B/W cameras.
For a detailed timing chart, please refer to the
standard AccuPiXEL camera data sheet, or contact
PULNiX.
Major frame grabber manufacturers with digital
capability (Camera Link, RS-644) provide color
interpolation software. Some independent image process
software suppliers provide software as well.
The following table lists a few examples.
Basic Mode Selections (For Non-CL Versions)
Mode Switch Up/Down Switch
Function
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Switch Disabled
Set Gain
Set Vtop (A/D)
Set Vbottom (A/D)
Gain Selection #1
Gain Selection #2
Linear LUT
Knee Selection
Async Reset Mode
9
E
Factory Default
Recall
Power Up Setting
User Page Storage
#1
User Page Storage
#2
Direct Shutter
Control
Scan Format2
F
Scan Format1
A
B
C
D
Switch Disabled
Up / Down
Up / Down
Up / Down
Up: 9dB, Down: 12 dB
Up: 18dB, Down: 22 dB
Up
Up / Down (Scroll)
Up: Normal, Down:
Async
Up / Down: Recall
None
Change gain
Change A/D ref. top
Change A/D ref bottom
Lower gain selection
Higher gain selection
Back to linear table
Scroll 10 different LUTs
Async and normal shutter
Up: Recall, Dwn: Save
Up: Recall, Dwn: Save
Power up page setting
User page storage setting
Up: Recall, Dwn: Save
User page storage setting
Up / Down
Shutter speed increment
by 1H
Two-row binning selection
Up / Down: Recall
Up: Optional
Dwn: Binning
Up: Normal
Dwn: Optional
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5
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VIDEO
Camera Link model
rear panel
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6
Software
MIL
Bitflow
Road Runner CL
Bay View
Coreco
T64
Application software
Data Cube
MaxRevolution
Visual Chip Studio
Epix
PIXCI
Euresys
GrabLink
Easygrab
EasyColor
Matrix Vision
MV-Titan/CL
Impact
Silicon Software
microEnable III
microDisplay
Application software
Color Interpolation
The Bayer pattern color filter array (CFA) consists of
R, G and B primary colors. Each pixel represents one of
three colors. In order to display or print color images, the
signal has to be converted to RGB output, which has three
independent channels (outputs) and sync signals.
Color interpolation software or firmware performs the
color preprocessing by filing the missing color pixels with
neighboring pixels. It then separates the stream of data,
(8-bit or 10-bit) into 3 (RGB) data (8-bit x 3) and adds the
color matrix to adjust and balance each of the R,G, and B
channels (White balance or color balance).
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3
Frame Grabber
Meteor II Digi, CL
Custom option scanning
*This mode description may change from camera model to camera model slightly. The same
functions are controlled by RS-232 or Camera Link software.
1
Manufacturer
Matrox
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Does not apply to TMC-4000
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The image quality depends on the camera’s own pixel
data (including pixel data independency from neighboring
pixels, noise and color filter), and interpolation of the
software algorithm such as 3 x 3 interpolation, 2 x 2
interpolation, color matrix, white balance capability, etc.
All AccuPiXEL color cameras are carefully designed for
maximum color performance. PULNiX strongly suggests
that you use digital output for the best performance.
Some software is used on board (FPGA or DSP) to
perform the interpolation. Other software simply uses
the host computer’s memory and CPU. The process speed
may vary depending on the architecture and speed of the
computer.
Camera models
AccuPiXEL Color
CCD
Resolution
Frame Rate
(frame/sec)
Data Clock
(MHz)
Data
Analog video
Size
(H x W x L in mm)
648 x 484
60/30
25.0/12.50
8-bit
BNC: VGA video
44 x 44 x 64
Kodak
648 x 484
60/30
25.0/12.50
CH-A 8-bit
BNC: VGA video
44 x 44 x 64
1/2”
SONY
1392 x 1040
15/30
50/25
8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TMC-1400CL
1/2”
SONY
1392 x 1040
15/30
50/25
CH-A 8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TMC-1325
2/3”
SONY
1392 x 1040
15/30
55/27.5
8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TMC-1325CL
2/3”
SONY
1392 x 1040
15/30
55/27.5
CH-A 8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TMC-1020A-15
1”
Kodak
1008 x 1018
15
20.0
8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TMC-1020A-15CL
1”
Kodak
1008 x 1018
15
20.0
CH-A 8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TMC-2016-8
1”
Kodak
1920 x 1080
8
20.0
8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
TMC-2016-8CL
1”
Kodak
1920 x 1080
8
20.0
CH-A 8-bit
BNC: progressive scan
44 x 44 x 64
Resolution
Frame Rate
(frame/sec)
Data Clock
(MHz)
Data
Analog video
Size
(H x W x L in mm)
15
40.0
CH-A & B
8-bit x 2
BNC: progressive scan
Size
MFG
TMC-6760
1/2”
Kodak
TMC-6760CL
1/2”
TMC-1400
Dual-Tap
AccuPiXEL Color
TMC-4000CL
CCD
Size
MFG
1.2”
Kodak
2048 x 2048
CH-A only
51 x 51 x 82
CL: Camera Link
Please contact JAI PULNiX for availability. For detailed camera specifications, please
refer to the standard camera data sheet for each model.
For product updates and data sheets see our web site:
71-0069 Rev C.08.26.2004
www.jaipulnix.com
Company and product names mentioned in this document are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
JAI A·S cannot be held responsible for any technical or typographical errors and reserves the right to make changes to products and documentation without prior notification.
Color AccuPiXEL Cameras
JAI A·S, Denmark
Phone +45 4457 8888
www.jai.com
JAI UK Ltd., England
Phone: +44 189 582 1481
www.jai.com
JAI Corporation, Japan
Phone: +81 045 440 0154
www.jai-corp.co.jp
JAI PULNiX Inc., USA
1330 Orleans Drive
Sunnyvale
CA 94089
USA
Phone +1 408-747-0300
(toll-free) 1 800 445 5444
Fax +1 408 747 0660
www.jaipulnix.com
JAI PULNiX, Germany
Phone +49-(0) 60 55-93 79-10
www.jaipulnix.com
w w w.jaipulni x .com