6LPA
series
OPERATION MANUAL
6LPA-STP2
6LPA-STZP2
P/N: 0A6LP-G00102
MARINE
ENGINES
Disclaimers:
All information, illustrations and specifications in this manual are based on the latest
information available at the time of publishing. The illustrations used in this manual are
intended as representative reference views only. Moreover, because of our continuous
product improvement policy, we may modify information, illustrations and / or specifications
to explain and / or exemplify a product, service or maintenance improvement. We reserve
are
the right to make any change at any time without notice. Yanmar and
registered trademarks of Yanmar Co., Ltd. in Japan, the United States and / or other
countries.
All Rights Reserved:
No part of this publication may be reproduced or used in any form by any means - graphic,
electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, taping, or information storage
and retrieval systems - without the written permission of Yanmar Marine International.
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
1107
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6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
TABLE OF
CONTENTS
Page
Introduction .............................................................. 1
Record of Ownership .............................................. 2
Safety ....................................................................... 3
Safety Precautions .................................................
General Information .........................................
Before You Operate .........................................
During Operation and Maintenance .....................
4
4
4
4
Location of Safety Decals ........................................ 8
Product Overview ...................................................... 9
Yanmar 6LPA Features and Applications .................... 9
New Engine Break-In ...................................... 10
Component Identification ........................................ 11
Service Side (Left Side as Viewed from
Propeller) ..................................................... 11
Non-Service Side ........................................... 12
Engine Nameplate ................................................ 13
Function of Major Components ................................ 14
Control Equipment ................................................ 15
Instrument Panel (Optional) .............................. 15
Remote Control (Throttle) Handle ...................... 23
Before You Operate .................................................. 27
Diesel Fuel .......................................................... 27
Diesel Fuel Specifications ................................ 27
Filling the Fuel Tank ........................................ 29
Bleeding the Fuel System ................................ 30
Engine Oil ........................................................... 30
Engine (Lube) Oil Specifications ....................... 30
Engine Oil Viscosity ........................................ 31
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Checking the Engine Oil .................................. 31
Adding Engine Oil .......................................... 32
Marine Drive Oil .................................................... 32
Mercruiser Bravo Stern Drive Oil
Specifications ................................................ 32
Checking and Adding Marine Drive Oil ................ 33
Checking and Adding Power Steering Oil (6LPASTZP2 Models) ............................................. 33
Engine Coolant ..................................................... 33
Engine Coolant Specifications ........................... 33
Checking and Adding Engine Coolant ................. 34
Cranking the Engine .............................................. 35
Daily Checks ....................................................... 36
Visual Checks ............................................... 36
Checking Diesel Fuel, Engine Oil and Engine
Coolant Levels .............................................. 36
Checking and Refilling Marine Drive Oil ............... 36
Checking the Battery Electrolyte Level ................ 36
Checking the Alternator Belt ............................ 36
Checking the Remote Control Handle ................. 37
Checking the Alarm Indicators ........................... 37
Preparing Fuel, Oil and Coolant in Reserve .......... 37
Engine Operation ...................................................... 39
Starting the Engine ................................................ 40
Starting at Low Temperatures ........................... 41
Restarting After Starting Failure ......................... 42
After the Engine Has Started ............................. 42
Remote Control Handle Operation ............................ 44
Acceleration and Deceleration .......................... 44
Shifting the Marine Drive .................................. 45
Shutting Down the Engine ....................................... 46
Periodic Maintenance ................................................ 47
Safety Precautions ................................................ 47
Precautions ......................................................... 49
The Importance of Periodic Maintenance ............. 49
Performing Periodic Maintenance ...................... 49
The Importance of Daily Checks ........................ 49
Keep a Log of Engine Hours and Daily Checks ..... 50
Yanmar Replacement Parts .............................. 50
Tools Required .............................................. 50
Ask Your Authorized Yanmar Marine Dealer or
Distributor For Help ........................................ 50
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6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Tightening Fasteners ...................................... 51
EPA Maintenance Requirements .............................. 52
EPA Requirements for USA and Other Applicable
Countries ..................................................... 52
Conditions to Ensure Compliance with EPA
Emission Standards ........................................ 52
Inspection and Maintenance ............................. 53
Periodic Maintenance Schedule ............................... 54
Inspection and Maintenance of EPA EmissionRelated Parts ................................................ 58
Periodic Maintenance Procedures ............................ 59
After Initial 50 Hours of Operation ...................... 59
Every 50 Hours of Operation ............................. 61
Every 125 Hours of Operation ........................... 63
After Initial 250 Hours of Operation ..................... 63
Every 250 Hours of Operation ........................... 64
Every 500 Hours of Operation ........................... 66
Every 1000 Hours of Operation ......................... 68
Every 1250 Hours of Operation ......................... 69
Troubleshooting ....................................................... 71
Troubleshooting After Starting ................................. 71
Troubleshooting Chart ........................................... 73
Troubleshooting Information .................................... 77
Long-Term Storage ................................................... 79
Prepare Engine for Long-Term Storage ...................... 79
Draining the Fresh Water and Seawater Cooling
System ............................................................... 80
Draining the Fresh Water Cooling System ............ 81
Draining Seawater Cooling System .................... 81
Removing the Engine from Long-Term Storage ........... 81
Specifications .......................................................... 83
Principal Engine Specifications ................................ 83
Marine Drive Specifications (Optional) ................ 84
System Diagrams ..................................................... 85
Piping Diagrams ................................................... 85
Wiring Diagrams ................................................... 90
EPA Warranty USA Only ............................................ 97
Yanmar Co., Ltd. Limited Emission Control System
Warranty - USA Only ............................................. 97
Your Warranty Rights and Obligations: ................ 97
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
v
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Warranty Period: ............................................ 98
Warranty Coverage: ........................................ 98
Exclusions: ................................................... 98
Owner’s Responsibility: ................................... 99
Customer Assistance: ..................................... 99
Maintenance Log ......................................... 100
vi
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
INTRODUCTION
Welcome to the world of Yanmar Marine!
Yanmar Marine offers engines, drive
systems and accessories for all types of
boats, from runabouts to sailboats, and from
cruisers to mega yachts. In marine leisure
boating, the worldwide reputation of Yanmar
Marine is second to none. We design our
engines to respect nature. This means
quieter engines, with minimal vibrations,
cleaner than ever. All of our engines meet
applicable regulations, including emissions,
at the time of manufacture.
To help you enjoy your Yanmar 6LPA series
engine for many years to come, please
follow these recommendations:
• Read and understand this Operation
Manual before you operate the engine to
ensure that you follow safe operating
practices and maintenance procedures.
• Keep this Operation Manual in a
convenient place for easy access.
• If this Operation Manual is lost or
damaged, order a new one from your
authorized Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
• Make sure this manual is transferred to
subsequent owners. This manual should
be considered a permanent part of the
engine and remain with it.
• Constant efforts are made to improve the
quality and performance of Yanmar
products, so some details included in this
Operation Manual may differ slightly from
your engine. If you have any questions
about these differences, please contact
your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
• The specifications and components
(instrument panel, fuel tank, etc.)
described in this manual may differ from
ones installed on your vessel. Please refer
to the manual provided by the
manufacturer of these components.
• Refer to the Yanmar Limited Warranty
Handbook for a complete warranty
description.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
1
INTRODUCTION
RECORD OF OWNERSHIP
Take a few moments to record the information you need when you contact Yanmar for
service, parts or literature.
Engine Model:
Engine Serial No.:
Date Purchased:
Dealer:
Dealer Phone:
2
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
SAFETY
Yanmar considers safety of great
importance and recommends that anyone
that comes into close contact with its
products, such as those who install,
operate, maintain or service Yanmar
products exercise care, common sense and
comply with the safety information in this
manual and on the engine’s safety decals.
Keep the decals from becoming dirty or torn
and replace them if they are lost or
damaged. Also, if you need to replace a part
that has a decal attached to it, make sure
you order the new part and decal at the same
time.
!
This safety alert symbol appears
with most safety statements. It
means attention, become alert,
your safety is involved! Please
read and abide by the message
that follows the safety alert
symbol.
! DANGER
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, will result in death or
serious injury.
! WARNING
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, could result in death or
serious injury.
! CAUTION
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, could result in minor or
moderate injury.
NOTICE
Indicates a situation which can cause
damage to the engine, personal property
and / or the environment or cause the
equipment to operate improperly.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
3
SAFETY
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
General Information
There is no substitute for common sense
and careful practices. Improper practices or
carelessness can cause burns, cuts,
mutilation, asphyxiation, other bodily injury
or death. This information contains general
safety precautions and guidelines that must
be followed to reduce risk to personal safety.
Special safety precautions are listed in
specific procedures. Read and understand
all of the safety precautions before operation
or performing repairs or maintenance.
During Operation and
Maintenance
! DANGER
The safety message that follows has
DANGER level hazards.
Crush Hazard
NEVER stand under hoisted
engine. If the hoist mechanism
fails, the engine will fall on you.
Before You Operate
! DANGER
The safety messages that follow have
WARNING level hazards.
NEVER permit anyone to
install or operate the
engine without proper
training.
• Read and understand this Operation
Manual before you operate or service the
engine to ensure that you follow safe
operating practices and maintenance
procedures.
• Safety signs and labels are additional
reminders for safe operating and
maintenance techniques.
• See your authorized Yanmar Marine
dealer or distributor for additional training.
4
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
SAFETY
Sever Hazard
! WARNING
The safety messages that follow have
WARNING level hazards.
Explosion Hazard
While the engine is running or
the battery is charging,
hydrogen gas is being
produced and can be easily
ignited. Keep the area around
the battery well-ventilated and keep sparks,
open flames and any other form of ignition
out of the area.
Rotating parts can cause
severe injury or death. NEVER
wear jewelry, unbuttoned
cuffs, ties or loose fitting
clothing and ALWAYS tie long
hair back when working near moving /
rotating parts such as the flywheel or PTO
shaft. Keep hands, feet and tools away from
all moving parts.
Alcohol and Drug Hazard
NEVER operate the engine
while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs or feeling ill.
Fire and Explosion Hazard
Diesel fuel is flammable and explosive
under certain conditions.
NEVER use a shop rag to catch the fuel.
Wipe up all spills immediately.
NEVER refuel with the engine running.
Store any containers containing fuel in a
well-ventilated area, away from any
combustibles or sources of ignition.
Fire Hazard
Undersized wiring systems
can cause an electrical fire.
Exposure Hazard
To avoid injury, ALWAYS
wear personal protective
equipment including
appropriate clothing, gloves,
work shoes, eye and hearing
protection as required by the task at hand.
Entanglement Hazard
NEVER leave the key in the
key switch when you are
servicing the engine.
Someone may accidentally
start the engine and not realize
you are servicing it.
NEVER operate the engine while wearing a
headset to listen to music or radio because
it will be difficult to hear the warning signals.
Stop the engine before you begin to service
it.
If you must service the engine while it is
operating, remove all jewelry, tie back long
hair, and keep your hands, other body parts
and clothing away from moving / rotating
parts.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
5
SAFETY
! WARNING
! CAUTION
Piercing Hazard
Avoid skin contact with highpressure diesel fuel spray
caused by a fuel system leak
such as a broken fuel injection
line. High-pressure fuel can
penetrate your skin and result in serious
injury. If you are exposed to high-pressure
fuel spray, obtain prompt medical treatment.
NEVER check for a fuel leak with your
hands. ALWAYS use a piece of wood or
cardboard. Have your authorized Yanmar
Marine dealer or distributor repair the
damage.
Burn Hazard
Some of the engine surfaces
become very hot during
operation and shortly after
shut-down. Keep hands and
other body parts away from
hot engine surfaces.
Sudden Movement Hazard
ALWAYS stop the engine before beginning
service.
Exhaust Hazard
The safety messages that follow have
CAUTION level hazards.
Poor Lighting Hazard
Ensure that the work area is adequately
illuminated. ALWAYS install wire cages on
portable safety lamps.
Tool Hazard
ALWAYS use tools appropriate for the task
at hand and use the correct size tool for
loosening or tightening engine parts.
Flying Object Hazard
ALWAYS wear eye protection when
servicing the engine or when using
compressed air or high-pressure water.
Dust, flying debris, compressed air,
pressurized water or steam may injure your
eyes.
Coolant Hazard
Wear eye protection and
rubber gloves when you
handle Long Life engine
coolant. If contact with the
eyes or skin should occur,
flush eyes and wash immediately with clean
water.
NEVER block windows, vents
or other means of ventilation if
the engine is operating in an
enclosed area. All internal
combustion engines create
carbon monoxide gas during operation and
special precautions are required to avoid
carbon monoxide poisoning.
6
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
SAFETY
NOTICE
The safety messages that follow have
NOTICE level hazards.
It is important to perform daily checks as
listed in the Operation Manual.
Periodic maintenance prevents unexpected
downtime, reduces the number of accidents
due to poor engine performance and helps
extend the life of the engine.
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor if you need to operate the
engine at high altitudes. At high altitudes the
engine will lose power, run rough and
produce exhaust gases that exceed the
design specifications.
ALWAYS be environmentally
responsible.
Follow the guidelines of the EPA or other
governmental agencies for the proper
disposal of hazardous materials such as
engine oil, diesel fuel and engine coolant.
Consult the local authorities or reclamation
facility.
NEVER dispose of hazardous materials by
dumping them into a sewer, on the ground
or into ground water or waterways.
If a Yanmar Marine Engine is installed at an
angle that exceeds the specifications stated
in the Yanmar Marine Installation manuals,
engine oil may enter the combustion
chamber causing excessive engine speed,
white exhaust smoke and serious engine
damage. This applies to engines that run
continuously or those that run for short
periods of time.
If you have an installation with two or three
engines and only one engine is operating,
the water pickup (thru-hull) of the non-
running engine(s) should be closed. This will
prevent water from being forced past the
seawater pump and eventually finding its
way into the engine. The result of water
entering the engine could cause seizure or
other serious problems.
If you have an installation with two or three
engines, and only one engine is operating,
please note that if the propeller shaft thruhull (stuffing box) is lubricated by engine
water pressure and the engines are
interconnected, care must be taken that
water from the running engine does not
enter the exhaust of the non-running
engine(s). This water could cause seizure of
the non-running engine(s). See your
authorized Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor for a complete explanation of this
condition.
If you have an installation with two or three
engines, and only one engine is operating,
it is important to limit the amount of throttle
applied to the running engine. If you observe
black smoke or movement of the throttle
does not increase engine rpm, you are
overloading the engine that is running.
Immediately throttle back to approximately
2/3 throttle or to a setting where the engine
performs normally. Failure to do so may
cause the running engine to overheat or
cause excess carbon buildup which may
shorten the engine's life.
NEVER attempt to adjust the low or high idle
speed limit screw. This may impair the
safety and performance of the engine and
shorten its life. Modifications of this type may
void the warranty. If adjustment is ever
required, contact your authorized Yanmar
Marine dealer or distributor.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
7
SAFETY
LOCATION OF SAFETY DECALS
Figure 1 shows the location of safety decals on Yanmar 6LPA series marine engines.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
DANGER
FULL
LOW
NEVER pour the
engine oil across
the full line.
119773-07280
(5)
0004813
1 – Part Number: 120324-07240
2 – Part Number: 128296-07260
3 – Part Number: 119773-07280
Figure 1
4 – Part Number: 128296–07300
5 – Part Number: 128296–07360
Note: Figure 1 shows an overhead view of the 6LPA engine.
8
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
YANMAR 6LPA FEATURES
AND APPLICATIONS
The 6LPA series are 6-cylinder, 4-stroke
direct injection diesel engines equipped with
liquid coolant systems.
The 6LPA-STP2 engines are equipped with
a marine gear (ZF63A1 or KMH50A).
The 6LPA-STZP2 engines are equipped
with a stern drive (Mercruiser Bravo).
These engines are designed for pleasure
craft use.
It is recommended that new vessels be
propped so the engines can operate at
50 - 100 rpm above the rated power output
(3800 rpm) to allow for future added weight
and hull resistance. The engine must be
able to reach the rated power output rpm
under full load at all times.
Failure to do so can lead to reduced vessel
performance, lead to increased smoke
levels and cause permanent damage to your
engine.
The engine must be installed correctly with
coolant lines, exhaust gas lines and
electrical wiring. Any auxiliary equipment
attached to the engine should be easy to use
and accessible for service. To handle the
drive equipment, propulsion systems
(including the propeller) and other onboard
equipment, always observe the instructions
and cautions given in the operation manuals
supplied by the shipyard and equipment
manufacturers.
The 6LPA series engines are designed to be
operated at maximum throttle (3800 rpm) for
less than 5% of total engine time (30 minutes
out of every 10 hours) and cruising speed
(2800 - 3600 rpm or less) for less than 90%
of total engine time (9 hours out of every 10
hours).
The laws of some countries may require hull
and engine inspections, depending on the
use, size and cruising area of the boat. The
installation, fitting and surveying of this
engine all require specialized knowledge
and engineering skills. See Yanmar's local
subsidiary in your region or your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or distributor.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
9
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
New Engine Break-In
Perform this procedure in open waters:
As with all reciprocating engines, the way
your engine is operated during its first 50
hours of operation plays a very significant
role in determining how long it will last and
how well the engine will perform over its
lifetime.
• With the clutch in NEUTRAL, accelerate
from the low speed position to the high
speed position briefly.
• Repeat this process five times.
A new Yanmar diesel engine must be
operated at suitable speeds and power
settings during the break-in period to make
the sliding parts, such as piston rings, break
in properly and to stabilize engine
combustion.
During the break-in period, the engine
coolant temperature gauge should be
monitored, temperature should be between
71˚ - 87˚C (160˚ - 190˚F).
During the first 10 hours of operation, the
engine should be run at maximum rpm
minus 400 - 500 rpm (approximately
60 - 70% of load) most of the time. This will
ensure the sliding parts break in properly.
During this period, avoid operating at
maximum engine speed and load to avoid
damaging or scoring sliding parts.
NOTICE: Do not operate at WOT (wide
open throttle) for more than a minute at
a time during the first 10 hours of
operation.
Once past the initial 10 hours until 50 hours,
the engine should be used over its full
operating range, with special emphasis on
running at relatively high power settings.
This is not the time for an extended cruise at
idle or low speed. The boat should be run at
maximum speed minus 400 rpm most of the
time (approximately 70% load), with a 10
minute run at maximum minus 200 - 300 rpm
(approximately 80% load) every 30 minutes
and a 4 - 5 minute period of operation at
WOT (wide open throttle) once each 30
minutes. During this period, be sure not to
operate your engine at low speed and light
load for more than 30 minutes. If operating
engine at low speed and light load by
necessity, just after the low idle operation,
be sure to race the engine.
To complete engine break-in, perform After
Initial 50 Hours maintenance procedures.
See Periodic Maintenance Schedule on
page 54.
Do not operate the engine at low idle or at
low speed and light load for more than
30 minutes at a time. Since unburned fuel
and engine oil will adhere to the piston rings
when operating at low speeds for long
periods, this will interfere with proper
movement of the rings and the lube oil
consumption may increase. Low idle speed
does not allow break-in of sliding parts.
If operating engine at low speed and light
load, you must race the engine to clean the
carbon from the cylinders and fuel injection
valve.
10
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION
Service Side (Left Side as Viewed from Propeller)
Note: 6LPA-STZP2 with stern drive shown. Components marked with an * are for
6LPA-STZP2 only.
(5)
(3*)
(2)
(6)
(4)
(1)
(12)
(11)
(10)
(7)
(8)
(9)
0004884
1–
2–
3–
4–
5–
6–
Fuel Cooler
Fuel Filter
Power Steering Oil Cooler*
Engine Oil Filter
Intercooler
Mixing Elbow
Figure 1
7 – Engine Oil Cooler
8 – Starter
9 – Engine Oil Cooler
10 – Fuel Injection Pump
11 – Seawater Pump
12 – Stern Drive
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
11
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Non-Service Side
(3)
(2)
(1)
(4*)
(5)
(6)
(11)
(7*)
(10)
(9)
(8)
0004885
1–
2–
3–
4–
5–
6–
12
Figure 2
Turbocharger
Engine Nameplate (on rocker arm cover)
Fresh Water (Coolant) Tank
Power Steering Oil Tank*
Fresh Water Filler Cap
Engine Oil Filler Cap
7 – Power Steering Oil Pump*
8 – Alternator
9 – Engine Oil Dipstick
10 – Fresh Water Cooler
11 – V-Belt
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
ENGINE NAMEPLATE
Model
Gear Model
/
Continuous power kW
Speed of prop,shaf t
min-1
min
/
Fuel stop power kW
The nameplate of Yanmar 6LPA series
engines is shown in Figure 3. The
nameplate is located on the engine rocker
arm cover. Check the engine's model,
output, rpm and serial number on the
nameplate. Replace if damaged or lost.
-1
min-1
ENG.No.
0004574
Figure 3
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
13
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
FUNCTION OF MAJOR COMPONENTS
Name of Component
Function
Fuel Filter
Removes dirt and water from the fuel. The filter is a cartridge type, and the
inner element should be replaced before clogging occurs. A water separator
is on the bottom of the filter and should be drained periodically.
Fuel Feed Pump
A mechanical pump that pumps fuel from the tank to the fuel injection pump.
It is built in to the fuel injection pump.
Fuel Bleed Pump
This is a manual fuel pump. Pushing the knob on the top of the fuel filter
feeds the fuel. The pump is also used to bleed air from the fuel system.
Engine Oil Filler Port
Filler port for engine oil.
Engine Oil Filter
Filters fine metal fragments and carbon from the engine oil. Filtered engine
oil is distributed to the engine’s moving parts. The filter is a cartridge type
and should be replaced periodically.
Engine Oil Dipstick
Gauge stick for checking the engine oil level.
Marine Gear Oil Filler Port (If
Equipped)
Filler port for marine gear lube oil. Located on top of the marine gear case.
Cooling System
There are two cooling systems: fresh water and seawater.
• Fresh Water (Coolant)
Tank
• Fresh Water Cooler
• Cooling Water Pump
The tank stores the fresh cooling water and is connected to the fresh water
cooler. Cooling seawater passes through the fresh water cooler to cool the
fresh water by heat exchange. After cooling, the cooled fresh water is fed
by the cooling water pump to the inside of the engine, around the combustion
chamber, turbocharger and then returned to the tank.
Filler Cap
Located on the top of the fresh water recovery tank. It has two pressure
regulating valves (release and retraction valves). When the cooling water
tempereature rises, the pressure inside the fresh water tank increases
causing the release valve in the filler cap to open.
Coolant Recovery Tank
Hot water and steam pass through a rubber hose to the subtank for cooling.
(The filler port and the subtank are connected by a rubber hose.) When the
load is reduced and the cooling water temperature falls, the pressure in the
fresh water tank is lowered, activating the retraction valve in the filler cap.
This causes the cool water in the subtank to return to the fresh water recovery
tank. This process reduces the consumption of cooling water.
Turbocharger
A pressurized intake air feeding device. The exhaust gas turbine is rotated
by the exhaust gas and the power is used to rotate the blower. This
pressurizes the intake air for sending to the cylinder.
Intercooler
This heat exchanger cools the pressurized charging air from the
turbocharger with water.
Zinc Anode
The metal area of the seawater cooling system is prone to galvanic
corrosion. The zinc anode is installed in the various coolers to prevent this.
When the zinc anode becomes worn, components in the fresh water cooler,
oil cooler, etc. will corrode. Periodic replacement of the zinc anode is
necessary.
Nameplates
Nameplates are provided on the engine and have the model, serial number
and other data.
Starter
A DC motor for starting the engine. Electric current causes the pinion gear
to engage with the ring gear on the flywheel to start the engine.
Alternator
This generator rotates by a V-belt drive to charge the battery during
operation.
14
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
CONTROL EQUIPMENT
The control equipment at the helm makes remote control operation possible. It consists of
the instrument panel, which is connected to the engine by a wire harness, and the remote
control (throttle) handle, which is connected by control cables to the engine control lever.
Instrument Panel (Optional)
Equipment and Functions
The instrument panel has the following gauges and alarm devices.
Gauge or Switch
Switches
Warning
Indicators
Gauges
Clock
Indicator
X = Available
New B-Type
Panel
See (Figure 4)
New C-Type
Panel
See (Figure 5)
New D-Type
Panel
See (Figure 6)
Key (Starter) Switch
X
X
X
Engine Stop Button
X
X
X
Alarm (Buzzer)
X
X
X
Alarm (Buzzer) Stop
Switch
X
X
X
Backlight Switch for
Gauges
X
X
X
Battery Low Charge
X
X
X
Fresh Water
(Coolant) High
Temperature
X
X
X
Engine (Lube) Oil
Low Pressure
X
X
X
Fresh Water
(Coolant) Level
—
X
X
Exhaust (Cooling
Seawater Flow)
X
X
X
Fuel Filter (Water
Separator)
X
X
X
Gear Oil (6LPASTZP2 Only)
—
X
X
Tachometer with
Hourmeter
X
X
X
Engine (Lube) Oil
Pressure Gauge
—
X
X
Fresh Water
(Coolant)
Temperature Gauge
—
X
X
Turbocharger Boost
Pressure Gauge
—
—
X
Quartz Clock
X
(Option)
X
(Option)
X
Preheat Indicator
X
(Option)
X
(Option)
X
— = Not Available
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
15
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
(1)
(2)
New B-Type
(3)
(4)
(5)
(8)
1–
2–
3–
4–
Warning Indicator Display
Tachometer
Alarm Stop Switch
Panel Illumination Switch
(1)
(2)
(7)
Figure 4
(6)
5–
6–
7–
8–
0003281_m1
Engine Stop Button
Starter (Key) Switch
Alarm
Hourmeter
New C-Type
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(10)
1–
2–
3–
4–
5–
16
(9)
Figure 5
Engine Oil Pressure Gauge
Fresh Water (Coolant) Temperature Gauge
Tachometer
Alarm Stop Switch
Panel Illumination Switch
(8)
0003282_m1
6 – Engine Stop Button
7 – Start (Key) Switch
8 – Alarm
9 – Hourmeter
10 – Warning Indicator Display
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
(1)
(2)
New D-Type
(3)
(4)
(5)
(12)
(11) (10) (9)
(6) (7)
(8)
0003283_m1
1–
2–
3–
4–
5–
6–
Figure 6
Turbocharger Boost Pressure Gauge
Engine Oil Pressure Gauge
Fresh Water (Coolant) Temperature Gauge
Tachometer
Alarm Stop Switch
Panel Illumination Switch
7 – Engine Stop Button
8 – Start (Key) Switch
9 – Alarm
10 – Hourmeter
11 – Clock
12 – Warning Indicator Display
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
17
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Available Alarm Switches and Meter Senders
6LPA-STP2
6LPA-STZP2
Switches
Senders
Battery Not Charging

Fresh Water (Coolant) Temperature Too
High

Engine (Lube) Oil Pressure Too Low

Fresh Water (Coolant) Level Too Low
□
Exhaust (Cooling Seawater Flow)
Restriction
□
Gear Oil (Stern Drive Models Only)
□
Fuel Filter

Tachometer

Fresh Water (Coolant) Temperature
□
Engine (Lube) Oil Pressure
□
Boost Pressure
□
Fresh Water (Coolant)
Temperature
Engine (Lube) Oil
Pressure
 = Standard
18
For two
stations
□
□
□ = Optional
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Switches and Gauges
Switch or Gauge
Function
OFF (2): The key can be inserted or removed from switch. All
power is turned off. *
(1)
ON (3): For engine operation. Gauges and alarms are
operational.
(2)
(3)
START (4): For starting engine. When key is released after
engine starts, key automatically moves to ON position. NOTICE:
NEVER hold the key in the START position for longer than
15 seconds or the starter motor will overheat.
(4)
GLOW (1): For air heater (optional).
0003622
Starter (Key) Switch
*
**
Engine Stop Button
Press the button to stop the engine by cutting off the fuel flow.
Continue to press the button until the engine has stopped. **
Warning Alarm (Buzzer)
The alarm sounds if an abnormality is detected. See Warning
Devices on page 20.
Warning Indicators
The lamps illuminate when an abnormality is detected. See
Warning Devices on page 20.
Alarm (Buzzer) Stop Switch
The switch is used to shut the alarm off temporarily. Turn the
alarm (buzzer) OFF when inspecting for cause.
WARNING! Inspect and repair the abnormality
immediately.
Backlight Switch
Turns instrument panel backlighting OFF or ON.
Hourmeter
Shows the total number of operating hours. Can be used as a
guide for periodic maintenance checks. The hourmeter is
located at the bottom of the tachometer.
Engine (Lube) Oil Pressure Gauge
Shows the engine (lube) oil pressure.
Fresh Water (Coolant) Temperature Gauge
Shows the cooling fresh water temperature.
Turbocharger Boost Pressure Gauge
Shows the intake air pressure (intake air boost pressure of
turbocharger).
Preheat Indicator (If equipped)
Illuminates when the air heater is heating up for easier starting
in cold temperatures. Indicator is located in the warning lamp
cluster.
The engine cannot be stopped by the starter (key) switch. Use the engine stop button to turn engine OFF.
Releasing the engine stop button before the engine has stopped rotating will cause the engine to continue to
run.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
19
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Warning Devices
When a sensor detects a problem during
operation, the indicator on the instrument
panel will light and an alarm will sound.
Indicators are located on the instrument
panel, the alarm is located on the back of the
panel. Under normal operating conditions,
the indicators are off.
• Alarm (Buzzer): If a warning lamp
illuminates, the alarm will sound.
However, no alarm will sound when the
battery charging lamp illuminates.
• Alarm (Buzzer) Stop Switch: When
investigating the cause of an alarm, press
the alarm (buzzer) stop switch.
WARNING! The switch is used to shut
the alarm off temporarily. Turn the
alarm (buzzer) OFF when inspecting
for cause. Inspect and repair the
abnormality immediately.
• Warning Indicators: When operation is
normal, the warning indicators are OFF. If
an abnormality is detected, the sensor will
trigger the appropriate warning indicator
to light.
Figure 8
Fresh Water (Coolant) High Temperature
Indicator and Alarm (Figure 8) - When the
coolant temperature reaches the maximum
allowable temperature (95˚C [203˚F] or
higher), the indicator will light and the alarm
will sound. Continuing operation at
temperatures exceeding the maximum limit
will result in damage and seizure. Check the
load and troubleshoot the fresh water
cooling system.
Figure 9
Engine (Lube) Oil Low Pressure Indicator
and Alarm (Figure 9) - When the engine oil
pressure falls below the specified level, the
oil pressure sensor will send a signal to the
indicator causing it to light and the alarm to
sound. Stop operation immediately to avoid
damage to the engine. Check the oil level
and troubleshoot the lubrication system.
Figure 7
Battery Low Charge Indicator
(Figure 7) - When the alternator output is
too low, the indicator will light. When
charging begins, the indicator will turn off.
No alarm will sound for low battery charge.
20
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Figure 12
0004882
Figure 10
Fresh Water (Coolant) Level Indicator and
Alarm (Figure 10) - When the amount of
cooling water in the fresh water recovery
tank falls below normal, the sensor will send
a signal to the indicator causing it to light and
the alarm to sound. Stop operation
immediately to avoid damage to the engine.
Check the water level in the cooling water
recovery tank and troubleshoot the cooling
system.
Figure 11
Fuel Filter (Water Separator) (Figure 11) When the water level inside the water
separator becomes too high, the sensor will
send a signal to the indicator causing it to
light. Drain the water separator. If operation
is continued without draining the water
separator, fuel feed to the engine is
restricted and may cause damage to the
engine or fuel injection pump.
Exhaust (Cooling Seawater Flow)
Restriction (Figure 12) - When the amount
of cooling seawater being discharged is too
low, the sensor will activate the warning
indicator. Stop operation immediately to
avoid damage to the engine. Check the
seawater cooling system for restriction or
damage.
Figure 13
Gear Oil Level (6LPA-STZP2 Only)
(Figure 13) - When the amount of gear oil
falls below normal, the sensor will send a
signal to the indicator causing it to light and
the alarm to sound. Stop engine
immediately to avoid damage to the gear
device. Check the oil level in the gear and
troubleshoot the gear system.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
21
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Alarms
Check that indicators and alarms are working normally when the key is turned to ON.
Key Switch
OFF ⇒ ON
START ⇒ ON
Engine
Before starting
Running
Alarm
ON
OFF
Battery Low Charge Indicator
ON
OFF
Fresh Water (Coolant) High Temperature
Indicator
OFF
OFF
Engine (Lube) Oil Low Pressure Indicator
ON
OFF
Fresh Water (Coolant) Level Indicator
OFF
OFF
Fuel Filter (Water Separator) Indicator
OFF
OFF
Exhaust (Cooling Seawater Flow) Restriction
Indicator
ON
OFF
Gear Oil Level (6LPA-STZP2 Only)
OFF
OFF
Indicators
Key (Starter) Switch
(1)
When the key is in the OFF position
(Figure 14, (2)) the electric current is off.
The key can be inserted or removed in this
position.
The ON position (Figure 14, (3)) allows
electrical current to the controls and
equipment and allows the engine to keep
running. To stop the engine, keep the key
switch in the ON position and push the
engine stop button. After stopping the
engine, turn key to OFF position.
(2)
(3)
(4)
0003622
Figure 14
The GLOW position (Figure 14, (1)) is the
start aid position. Electric current to the air
heater (if equipped) is turned on.
The START position (Figure 14, (4)) allows
current to the starting motor. When starting
the engine, move the key to the START
position and release. The key will
automatically move to the ON position.
NOTICE: NEVER hold the key in the
START position for longer than 15
seconds or the starter motor will
overheat.
22
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Engine Stop Button
Push and hold the stop button
(Figure 15, (1)) on the instrument panel to
stop the engine. When the stop button is
pushed, the solenoid valve on the fuel
injection pumps stops the fuel supply to the
engine.
(1)
Figure 15
0004881
Press and hold the engine stop button until
the engine has come to a complete stop.
NOTICE: Releasing the engine stop
button before the engine has stopped
rotating will cause the engine to
continue to run.
Remote Control (Throttle) Handle
The engine is controlled by the remote
control handle located in the cockpit. The
speed control lever on the engine and clutch
lever on the marine drive are connected by
remote control cables. There are various
models of remote control handles available.
When using a model other than shown
below, consult the manufacturer's
documentation for more information.
MT-3 Top Mount
(4)
(5)
(3)
(6)
(2)
(7)
(1)
Morse Remote Control Handle
(Optional)
This is a single-lever remote control handle
connected by a remote cable. It operates the
clutch to NEUTRAL, FORWARD and
REVERSE and controls the engine speed.
0004886
Figure 16
1–
2–
3–
4–
5–
6–
7–
Reverse High Speed
Reverse Low Speed
Reverse
Neutral
Forward
Forward Low Speed
Forward High Speed
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
23
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
MV Side Mount
(4)
(3)
(5)
(6)
(2)
(1)
(7)
0004887
Figure 17
1–
2–
3–
4–
5–
6–
7–
Forward High Speed
Forward Low Speed
Forward
Neutral
Reverse
Reverse Low Speed
Reverse High Speed
Reverse
Move the handle from NEUTRAL to REV
(reverse). This engages the clutch in
reverse and simultaneously increases the
engine speed. Pushing the handle further in
the same direction increases engine speed
to full speed.
Free Throttle Operation
When the boat is stopped (clutch is in
NEUTRAL) the idling speed of the engine
can be increased in the following manner:
1.
2.
Ensure the handle is in NEUTRAL.
Disengage the clutch:
MT-3
(1)
(2)
(4)
(3)
The operation labels on the handle are:
• FWD - Forward
• NEU - Neutral (Clutch Disengaged)
• Throttle - Position to reduce engine speed
• REV - Reverse
Starting and Stopping
Put the handle in NEUTRAL. This puts the
clutch in the disengaged position and the
engine at a low speed.
Forward
Move the handle from NEUTRAL to FWD
(forward). This engages the clutch in
forward and simultaneously increases the
engine speed. Pushing the handle further in
the same direction increases engine speed
to full speed.
24
0004888
Figure 18
1–
2–
3–
4–
Neutral
Low Speed
High Speed
Remote Control (Throttle)
Handle
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Returning to Normal Operation
• MT-3: Move the throttle handle to
NEUTRAL (Figure 18, (1)). The lever will
automatically return to the normal
position.
• MV: Move throttle handle to NEUTRAL
(Figure 19, (3)). Push the free throttle
button in.
MV
(3)
(2)
(4)
(1)
0004889
Figure 19
1–
2–
3–
4–
3.
High Speed
Low Speed
Neutral
Free Throttle Button
• MT-3: Pull the throttle handle
(Figure 18, (4)) all the way out.
• MV: Pull out the free throttle button
(Figure 19, (4)), located next to the
handle.
When the handle or button is pulled out,
move the handle to either FORWARD
or REVERSE to increase the idling
speed.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
25
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
26
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
This section of the Operation Manual
describes the diesel fuel, engine oil and
engine coolant specifications and how to
replenish them. It also describes the daily
engine checks.
DIESEL FUEL
Diesel Fuel Specifications
NOTICE: Only use diesel fuels
recommended by Yanmar for the best
engine performance, to prevent engine
damage and to comply with EPA
warranty requirements. Only use clean
diesel fuel.
Diesel fuel should comply with the following
specifications. The table lists several
worldwide specifications for diesel fuels.
DIESEL FUEL
SPECIFICATION
LOCATION
ASTM D975 No. 2-D,
No. 1-D
USA
EN590
European Union
ISO 8217 DMX
International
BS 2869-A1 or A2
United Kingdom
JIS K2204
Japan
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
27
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
Additional Technical Fuel
Requirements
2.
• The fuel cetane number should be equal
to 45 or higher.
• The sulfur content must not exceed 0.5%
by volume. Less than 0.05% is preferred.
• NEVER mix kerosene, used engine oil, or
residual fuels with the diesel fuel.
• Water and sediment in the fuel should not
exceed 0.05% by volume.
• Keep the fuel tank and fuel-handling
equipment clean at all times.
• Ash content not to exceed 0.01% by
volume.
• Carbon residue content not to exceed
0.35% by volume. Less than 0.1% is
preferred.
• Total aromatics content should not
exceed 35% by volume. Less than 30% is
preferred.
• PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons)
content should be below 10% by volume.
• Do not use Biocide.
• Do not use kerosene or residual fuels.
Handling of Diesel Fuel
Keep the fuel container stationary for
several hours to allow any dirt or water
to settle to the bottom of the container.
Use a pump to extract the clear, filtered
fuel from the top of the container
(Figure 1).
Fuel Tank
Note: Optional fuel tank style shown.
(3)
(1)
(2)
0004898
Figure 2
1 – Sediment Bowl
2 – Drain Cock
3 – Fuel Line To Engine
Install a drain cock (Figure 2, (2)) at the
bottom of the fuel tank to remove water and
contaminants from the sediment bowl
(Figure 2, (1)).
The fuel outlet should be positioned 20 - 30
mm (0.75 - 1.125 in.) above the bottom of
the tank so that only clean fuel is distributed
to the engine.
0004512
Figure 1
1.
28
Water and dust in the fuel may cause
engine failure. When fuel is stored, be
sure that the inside of the storage
container is clean and dry, and that the
fuel is stored away from dirt or rain.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
Filling the Fuel Tank
Fuel System
(1)
Before filling fuel tank for the first
time:
(8)
(2)
Rinse fuel tank with kerosene or diesel fuel.
Dispose of waste properly.
(7)
(3)
To fill the fuel tank:
(4)
Figure 3
(5)
(6)
0004489
1–
2–
3–
4–
5–
Fuel Filter
To Fuel Injection Pump
Less than 500 mm (20 in.)
Fuel Cock
20 - 30 mm (0.75 - 1.125 in.)
Approximately
6 – Drain Cock
7 – Fuel Tank
8 – Fuel Return Line
Install a fuel line from the fuel tank to the fuel
pump. See (Figure 3).
WARNING! Operate bilge ventilation
(blowers) for a minimum of 5 minutes to
purge fumes from engine compartment
after refueling. Never operate bilge
blower while refueling. Doing so can
pump explosive fumes into the engine
compartment and result in an explosion.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Clean the area around the fuel cap.
Remove the fuel cap from the fuel tank.
Fill the tank with clean fuel free of oil and
dirt. WARNING! Hold the hose
nozzle firmly against the filler port
while filling. This prevents static
electricity buildup which could
cause sparks and ignite fuel vapors.
Stop fueling when the gauge shows the
fuel tank is full. NOTICE: NEVER
overfill the fuel tank.
Replace the fuel cap and hand-tighten.
Over-tightening the fuel cap will
damage it.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
29
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
Bleeding the Fuel System
Bleeding must be done if any fuel system
maintenance has been performed
(replacement of fuel filter, etc.) or if the
engine does not start after several attempts.
(1)
ENGINE OIL
Engine (Lube) Oil Specifications
NOTICE: Using engine oil that does not
meet or exceed the following guidelines
or specifications may cause seizure of
parts, abnormal wear and shorten
engine life.
Use an engine oil that meets or exceeds the
following guidelines and classifications:
API Service Categories CD or higher
(2)
Recommended SAE Oil Viscosity: 10W30
or 15W40
0004908
Figure 4
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
30
Check the fuel level in the fuel tank.
Refill if necessary.
Open the fuel cock of the fuel tank.
WARNING! ALWAYS wear safety
glasses when bleeding the fuel
system.
Loosen the air bleed screw
(Figure 4, (2)) 2 - 3 turns.
Push up and down on the priming pump
(Figure 4, (1)) to release air out of the
air bleed screw.
Continue pumping until a solid stream
of fuel with no air bubbles begins to
flow.
Tighten the air bleed screw.
Note:
1. Be sure the engine oil, engine oil
storage containers and engine oil filling
equipment are free of sediment or
water.
2. Change the engine oil after the first 50
hours of operation and then at every
125 hours thereafter.
3. Select the oil viscosity based on the
ambient temperature where the engine
is being operated. See the SAE Service
Grade Viscosity Chart (Figure 5).
4. Yanmar does not recommend the use
of engine oil “additives.”
Handling Engine Oil
1.
2.
3.
When handling and storing engine oil,
be careful not to allow dust and water to
contaminate the oil. Clean around the
filler port before filling.
Do not mix lube oils of different types or
brands. Mixing may cause the chemical
characteristics of the oil to change and
lubricating performance to decrease,
reducing the engine's life.
Engine oil should be changed at the
specified intervals, regardless if the
engine has been operated.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
Engine Oil Viscosity
Checking the Engine Oil
(4)
(5)
SAE 10W-30
SAE 15W-40
(1)
(2)
(3)
-4°F 14°F 32°F 50°F 68°F 86°F 104°F
(-20°C) (-10°C) (0°C) (10°C) (20°C) (30°C) (40°C)
0000005
Figure 5
0004902
If you operate your equipment at
temperatures outside the limits shown,
consult your authorized Yanmar dealer or
distributor for special lubricants or starting
aids.
Figure 6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
It is recommended that the engine be
as level as possible before checking the
oil.
Remove dipstick (Figure 6, (1)) and
wipe with clean cloth.
Fully reinsert dipstick.
Remove dipstick. The oil level should
be between upper (Figure 6, (2)) and
lower (Figure 6, (3)) lines on the
dipstick.
Add oil if necessary. See Adding
Engine Oil on page 32. NOTICE:
NEVER overfill the engine with oil.
Fully reinsert dipstick.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
31
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
Adding Engine Oil
1.
2.
3.
4.
NOTICE: Prevent dirt and debris
from contaminating engine oil.
Carefully clean the dipstick and the
surrounding area before you
remove the cap. Remove the oil filler
port cap (Figure 6, (4)) from filler port
(Figure 6, (5)) and fill with engine oil.
Fill with oil to the upper limit on the
dipstick (Figure 6, (2)). NOTICE:
NEVER overfill the engine with
engine oil.
Insert the dipstick fully to check the
level. NOTICE: ALWAYS keep the oil
level between upper and lower lines
on the oil cap / dipstick.
Tighten the filler port cap securely by
hand.
MARINE DRIVE OIL
Note: Refer to the marine gear
manufacturer's operation manual for the
marine gear oil specifications. Refer to the
manufacturer's operation manual for marine
gear or stern drive oil specifications.
Mercruiser® Bravo Stern Drive
Oil Specifications
Use marine gear oil that meets or exceeds
the following guidelines and classifications:
Drive Oil
• QuickSilver® 1 High Performance Gear
Lube.
Power Steering Oil (6LPA-STZP2 Only)
• Quicksilver® Power Trim and Steering
Fluid or Dexlone-II
Power Trim Oil
• Quicksilver® Power Trim and Steering
Fluid or SAE 10W-30 or 10W-40 Engine
Oil
1
32
QuickSilver is a registered trademark of Brunswick Corporation.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
Checking and Adding Marine
Drive Oil
Note: Refer to the manufacturer's operation
manual for the proper procedure to check
and fill the marine drive oil.
Checking and Adding Power
Steering Oil (6LPA-STZP2
Models)
(1)
0004912
Figure 7
4.
5.
• Texaco Long Life Coolant (LLC), both
standard and premixed, product code
7997 and 7998.
• Havoline Extended Life
Antifreeze / Coolant, product code 7994.
NOTICE: Following the manufacturer’s
recommendations, use a proper LLC
which will not have any adverse effects
on the materials (cast iron, aluminum,
copper, etc.) of the engine’s cooling
system. See Engine Coolant
Specifications on page 33.
(3)
(2)
2.
3.
Engine Coolant Specifications
Note: In the U.S., LLC is required for the
warranty to be valid.
(4)
1.
ENGINE COOLANT
Remove the filler cap / dipstick
(Figure 7, (4)) from the power steering
oil service tank (Figure 7, (1)) and wipe
with a clean cloth.
Fully reinsert dipstick.
Remove dipstick. The oil level should
be between upper (Figure 7, (3)) and
lower (Figure 7, (2)) lines on the
dipstick.
Fill with oil to the upper limit on the
dipstick. See Mercruiser® Bravo Stern
Drive Oil Specifications on page 32.
NOTICE: NEVER overfill the power
steering system with oil.
Fully reinsert dipstick and tighten.
ALWAYS use the mixing ratios specified by
the antifreeze manufacturer for the
temperature range.
NOTICE: ALWAYS add LLC to soft water
– especially when operating in cold
weather. NEVER use hard water. Water
should be clean and free from sludge or
particles. Without LLC, cooling
performance will decrease due to scale
and rust in the coolant system. Water
alone may freeze and form ice; it
expands approximately 9% in volume.
Use the proper amount of coolant
concentrate for the ambient
temperature as specified by the LLC
manufacturer. LLC concentration
should be a minimum of 30% to a
maximum of 60%. Too much LLC will
decrease the cooling efficiency.
Excessive use of antifreeze also lowers
the cooling efficiency of the engine.
NEVER mix different types or brands of
LLC, as a harmful sludge may form.
Mixing different brands of antifreeze
may cause chemical reactions, and may
make the antifreeze useless or cause
engine problems.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
33
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
Replace the engine coolant periodically,
according to the maintenance section in this
Operation Manual.
5.
(4)
(1)
Remove scale from the cooling system
periodically by flushing the system.
(2)
Checking and Adding Engine
Coolant
(3)
FULL
LOW
(1)
0004493
Figure 9
6.
0004910
Figure 8
1.
2.
3.
4.
34
Ensure all drain cocks are closed.
WARNING! NEVER remove the filler
cap while the engine is hot. Serious
burns may result. Loosen the filler cap
of the coolant tank to relieve the
pressure, then remove the filler cap
(Figure 8, (1)).
Pour coolant slowly into the coolant
tank to avoid air bubbles. Fill until
coolant overflows from the filler port.
Align filler cap tabs with filler port
notches and tighten filler cap.
WARNING! ALWAYS tighten the
filler cap. Steam or scalding water
may spray out if it is not closed
tightly.
7.
8.
Check the coolant level in the coolant
recovery tank. The level should be at
the FULL mark (Figure 9, (2)). Add
coolant if necessary. NOTICE: NEVER
pour cold coolant into a hot engine.
Remove coolant recovery tank cap
(Figure 9, (4)) to add coolant if
necessary. Do not add water.
Replace filler cap and tighten it firmly.
Failure to do so will cause water
leakage.
Check the rubber hose (Figure 9, (1))
connecting the coolant recovery tank to
the coolant tank / heat exchanger.
Replace if damaged.
Note: If the coolant runs low too
often or only the coolant level in the
coolant tank drops without any
change in the level in the coolant
recovery tank, there may be water
or air leaks in the cooling system.
See your authorized Yanmar
dealer or distributor.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
CRANKING THE ENGINE
7.
When performing engine break-in or if the
engine has not been used for a long period
of time, engine oil will not be distributed to
all of the operating parts. Using the engine
in this condition will lead to seizure.
After a long period of non-use, distribute
engine oil to each part by cranking the
engine. Perform the following procedure
before beginning operation:
1.
2.
3.
4.
8.
When the key is in the START position,
the engine will begin cranking.
Continue cranking for about 5 seconds
and listen for abnormal noise during
that time.
Note: If the STOP button is
released during the cranking
procedure, the engine will start. Do
not start the engine in this mode.
Move key to OFF position
(Figure 10, (4)). The engine will stop
cranking.
Open seacock (if equipped).
Open fuel cock.
Put remote control shift lever in
NEUTRAL.
Turn battery switch to ON (if equipped).
(4)
(5)
(3)
(1)
(2)
0004890
5.
6.
Figure 10
Turn key to ON (Figure 10, (3)). It is
normal for the alarm to sound and the
warning indicators to light during
cranking.
Note: If the engine has not been
operated for a long period of time,
check that the key can be moved
from START to ON positions
smoothly.
While pushing the STOP button
(Figure 10, (1)), turn the key to the
START position (Figure 10, (2)).
NOTICE: NEVER hold the key in the
START position for longer than 15
seconds or the starter motor will
overheat.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
35
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
DAILY CHECKS
Checking Diesel Fuel, Engine Oil
and Engine Coolant Levels
Before you start for the day, make sure the
Yanmar engine is in good operating
condition. CAUTION! It is important to
perform daily checks as listed in this
Operation Manual. Periodic
maintenance prevents unexpected
downtime, reduces the number of
accidents due to poor engine
performance and helps extend the life of
the engine. Make sure you check the
following items:
Follow the procedures in Filling the Fuel
Tank on page 29, Checking the Engine Oil
on page 31 and Checking and Adding
Engine Coolant on page 34 to check these
levels.
Checking and Refilling Marine
Drive Oil
See Checking and Adding Marine Drive Oil
on page 33.
Visual Checks
Checking the Battery Electrolyte
Level
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Checking the Alternator Belt
6.
7.
8.
Check for engine oil leaks.
Check for fuel leaks.
Check for engine coolant leaks.
Check for damaged or missing parts.
Check for loose, missing or damaged
fasteners.
Check the electrical harnesses for
cracks, abrasions, and damaged or
corroded connectors.
Check hoses for cracks, abrasions and
damaged, loose or corroded clamps.
Check the fuel filter / water separator for
presence of water and contaminants. If
you find any water or contaminants,
drain the fuel filter / water separator.
See Draining Fuel Filter / Water
Separator on page 62. If you have to
drain the fuel filter / water separator
frequently, drain the fuel tank and check
for water in your fuel supply. See
Draining Water From the Fuel Tank on
page 61.
Check the battery electrolyte level before
use. See Checking the Battery Electrolyte
Level (Serviceable Batteries Only) on page
62.
Check the belt tension before use. See
Checking and Adjusting the Alternator VBelt Tension on page 67 .
CAUTION! If any problem is noted
during the visual check, the necessary
corrective action must be taken before
you operate the engine.
36
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
Checking the Remote Control
Handle
Check the operation of the remote control
handle and ensure it moves smoothly. If it is
hard to operate, grease the joints of the
remote control cable and lever bearings. If
the lever is too loose, adjust the remote
control cable. See Checking and Adjusting
Remote Control Cables on page 65.
Checking the Alarm Indicators
Check the instruments and alarm indicators
at regular intervals.
Preparing Fuel, Oil and Coolant in
Reserve
Prepare sufficient fuel for the day’s
operation. Always store engine oil and
coolant in reserve (for at least one refill) on
board, to be ready for emergencies.
Checking the Wiring Connectors
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Tightening All Major Nuts and Bolts
See Tightening Fasteners on page 51 or
see your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
37
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
38
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
ENGINE OPERATION
Exhaust Hazard
! WARNING
Fire and Explosion Hazard
NEVER jump-start the engine.
Sparks caused by shorting the
battery to the starter terminals
may cause a fire or explosion.
ONLY use the key switch to
start the engine.
NEVER block windows, vents
or other means of ventilation if
the engine is operating in an
enclosed area. All internal
combustion engines create
carbon monoxide gas during operation and
special precautions are required to avoid
carbon monoxide poisoning.
Sudden Movement Hazard
Be sure the boat is in open water away from
other boats, docks or other obstructions
before increasing rpm. Avoid unexpected
equipment movement. Shift the marine gear
into the NEUTRAL position any time the
engine is at idle.
To prevent accidental equipment
movement, NEVER start the engine in gear.
Sever Hazard
Keep children and pets away
while the engine is operating.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
39
ENGINE OPERATION
STARTING THE ENGINE
NOTICE
If any indicator illuminates during engine
operation, stop the engine immediately.
Determine the cause and repair the problem
before you continue to operate the engine.
If the alarm window with audible alarm fails
to display and go out about 3 seconds later
when the ignition switch is in the ON
position, see your authorized Yanmar
Marine dealer or distributor for service
before operating the engine.
Observe the following environmental
operating conditions to maintain engine
performance and avoid premature engine
wear:
• Avoid operating in extremely dusty
conditions.
• Avoid operating in the presence of
chemical gases or fumes.
• NEVER run the engine if the ambient
temperature is above +40˚C (+104˚F) or
below -16˚C (+5˚F).
• If the ambient temperature exceeds
+40˚C (+104˚F), the engine may overheat
and cause the engine oil to break down.
• If the ambient temperature is below -16˚C
(+5˚F), rubber components such as
gaskets and seals will harden causing
premature engine wear and damage.
• Contact your authorized Yanmar Marine
engine dealer or distributor if the engine
will be operated outside of this standard
temperature range.
NEVER engage the starter motor while the
engine is running. Damage to the starter
motor pinion and / or ring gear will result.
40
NOTICE: If the vessel is equipped with a
water lift (water lock) muffler, excessive
cranking could cause seawater to enter
the cylinders and damage the engine. If
the engine does not start after cranking
for 10 seconds, close the seacock to
avoid filling the muffler with water.
Crank for 10 seconds or until the engine
starts. When the engines does start,
stop the engine immediately.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Open the seacock (if equipped).
Open the fuel cock.
Put the remote control handle in
NEUTRAL.
Note: Safety equipment should
make it impossible to start the
engine in any other position than
NEUTRAL.
Turn the battery master switch (if
equipped) to ON.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
0003622
5.
Figure 1
Turn key switch to ON (Figure 1, (3)).
Ensure that the instrument panel
indicators light and the alarm sounds.
This indicates that indicators and alarm
are working correctly.
Note: The coolant high
temperature alarm indicator does
not come on during start-up.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
ENGINE OPERATION
6.
7.
Turn the key switch to START
(Figure 1, (4)). Release the key switch
when the engine has started. NOTICE:
NEVER hold the key in the START
position for longer than 15 seconds
or the starter motor will overheat.
The alarm should stop and the
indicators should go out. NOTICE: If
any indicator fails to illuminate
when the key switch is in the ON
position, see your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or distributor
for service before operating the
engine.
5.
(1)
0003622
Figure 2
Starting at Low Temperatures
To limit white smoke, run the engine at low
speed and under moderate load until the
engine reaches normal operating
temperature. A light load on a cold engine
provides better combustion and faster
engine warm-up than no load.
Avoid running the engine at idling speed any
longer than necessary.
Starting with Air Heater (If
Equipped)
1.
2.
3.
4.
(3)
(4)
Note: When the engine has not been used
for a long period of time, check that the key
can move from the START position to the
ON position smoothly.
Comply with local environmental
requirements. Use air heaters (if equipped)
to avoid starting problems and white smoke.
NOTICE: NEVER use an engine starting
aid such as ether. Engine damage will
result.
(2)
6.
7.
Turn key switch to GLOW
(Figure 2, (1)) for 15 seconds.
NOTICE: NEVER run the air heater
(GLOW position) for more than 20
seconds at a time or engine damage
will result.
Turn key switch to ON (Figure 2, (3)).
Ensure that the instrument panel
indicators light and the alarm sounds.
This shows that indicators and alarm
are working correctly.
Note: The coolant high
temperature alarm indicator does
not come on during start-up.
Turn key switch to START
(Figure 2, (4)). Release the key switch
when the engine has started. The alarm
should stop and the indicators should
go out. NOTICE: NEVER hold the key
in the START position for longer
than 15 seconds or the starter
motor will overheat.
Open the seacock (if equipped).
Open the fuel cock.
Put remote control handle in
NEUTRAL.
Turn the battery master switch (if
equipped) ON.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
41
ENGINE OPERATION
Restarting After Starting Failure
After the Engine Has Started
Before turning the key switch again, ensure
the engine has stopped completely. If an
attempt to restart is made while the engine
is running, the pinion gear of the starter
motor will be damaged. NOTICE: NEVER
hold the key in the START position for
longer than 15 seconds or the starter
motor will overheat.
1.
After the engine has started, ensure the
remote control handle is in NEUTRAL.
MT-3
(1)
(2)
(4)
NOTICE: NEVER attempt to restart the
engine if the engine has not stopped
completely. Pinion gear and starter
motor damage will occur.
(3)
Air Bleeding the Fuel System After
Starting Failure
If the engine does not start after several
attempts, there may be air in the fuel system.
If air is in the fuel system, fuel cannot reach
the fuel injection pump. Bleed the air out of
the system. See Bleeding the Fuel System
on page 30.
0004888
Figure 3
1–
2–
3–
4–
Neutral
Low Speed
High Speed
Throttle Handle
MV
(3)
(2)
(4)
(1)
0004889
Figure 4
1–
2–
3–
4–
42
High Speed
Low Speed
Neutral
Free Throttle Button
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
ENGINE OPERATION
2.
3.
4.
MT-3: Pull out the handle lever
(Figure 3, (4)) and adjust the speed to
no more than 1500 rpm and run the
engine at low speed with no load.
MV: Pull out the free throttle button
(Figure 4, (4)) and adjust the speed to
no more than 1500 rpm and run the
engine at low speed with no load.
Allow engine to run for approximately 5
minutes.
Check the following items at a low engine
speed:
• Check that the gauges, indicators and
alarm are normal.
• Check for water, fuel or oil leakage from
the engine.
• Check that the exhaust color, engine
vibration and sound are normal.
• When there are no problems, keep the
engine at low speed with the boat still
stopped to distribute engine oil to all parts
of the engine.
• Check that sufficient cooling water is
discharged from the seawater outlet pipe.
Operation with inadequate seawater
discharge will damage the impeller of the
seawater pump. If seawater discharge is
too low, stop the engine immediately.
Identify the cause and repair. NOTICE:
The engine will seize if it is operated
when cooling seawater discharge is
inadequate or if load is applied
without any warm-up operation.
For troubleshooting assistance, see
Troubleshooting After Starting on page
71 or Troubleshooting Chart on page
73.
When operating the engine at low speed
for long periods of time, race the engine
once every 2 hours. Racing the engine:
with the clutch in NEUTRAL, accelerate
from the low speed position to the high
speed position and repeat this process
about five times. This is done to clean
out carbon from the cylinders and the
fuel injection valves. NOTICE:
Neglecting the race the engine will
result in poor exhaust color and reduce
engine performance.
Periodically operate the engine near
maximum speed while underway. This
will generate higher exhaust
temperatures, which will help clean out
hard carbon deposits, maintain engine
performance and prolong the life of the
engine.
If necessary, see your authorized Yanmar
dealer or distributor.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
43
ENGINE OPERATION
REMOTE CONTROL
HANDLE OPERATION
MV Side Mount
(4)
(3)
Acceleration and Deceleration
MT-3 Top Mount
(4)
(5)
(3)
(5)
(6)
(2)
(6)
(2)
(1)
(7)
(1)
(7)
0004887
Figure 6
0004886
Figure 5
1–
2–
3–
4–
5–
6–
7–
44
Reverse High Speed
Reverse Low Speed
Reverse
Neutral
Forward
Forward Low Speed
Forward High Speed
1–
2–
3–
4–
5–
6–
7–
Forward High Speed
Forward Low Speed
Forward
Neutral
Reverse
Reverse Low Speed
Reverse High Speed
Note: Direction of travel will vary depending
on installation location.
Use the remote control (throttle) handle to
control acceleration and deceleration. Move
the handle slowly and smoothly.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
ENGINE OPERATION
Shifting the Marine Drive
NOTICE: Shifting the marine drive while
operating at high speed or not pushing
the handle fully into position (partial
engagement) will result in damage to
marine drive parts and abnormal wear.
1.
2.
Before using the marine gear, be sure
to move the throttle handle to a low idle
position (less than 1000 rpm). Move the
throttle handle slowly to a higher speed
position after completing clutch
engagement.
NOTICE: NEVER shift the marine
gear at high engine speed. During
normal operation, the marine gear
should only be shifted with the
engine at idle. When moving the
handle between FORWARD and
REVERSE, bring the clutch to
NEUTRAL and pause before slowly
shifting to the desired position. Do not
shift abruptly from FORWARD to
REVERSE or vice versa.
Morse Remote Control Handle
(Optional)
• Move the handle to the NEUTRAL
(middle) position to stop the boat. The
engine will idle at low speed.
• Move the handle to the FORWARD
position to go forward. When the clutch is
engaged in forward, the speed will
decrease.
• Move the handle to the REVERSE
position to go in reverse. When the clutch
is engaged in reverse, the speed will
decrease.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
45
ENGINE OPERATION
SHUTTING DOWN THE
ENGINE
5.
NOTICE: Do not stop engine abruptly
during operation. Yanmar recommends
that when shutting the engine down,
allow the engine to run, without load, for
5 minutes. This will allow the engine
components that operate at high
temperatures, such as the exhaust
system, to cool slightly before the
engine itself is shut down.
1.
2.
Reduce engine speed to low idle and
put remote control handle in
NEUTRAL.
Accelerate from low speed to high
speed and repeat five times. This will
clean out the carbon from the cylinders
and the fuel injection nozzles.
(4)
(5)
(3)
6.
7.
8.
9.
After the engine has stopped, turn the
key switch to OFF (Figure 7, (4)).
Note: If the engine does not shut
off when the engine stop button is
pushed, close the fuel cock on the
fuel tank.
Remove the key.
Turn off the battery master switch (if
equipped).
Close the fuel cock.
Close the seacock (if equipped).
NOTICE: Be sure to close the
seacock. Neglecting to close the
seacock could allow water to leak
into the boat and may cause it to
sink.
(1)
(2)
0004890
3.
4.
46
Figure 7
Allow engine to run at low speed
(approximately 1000 rpm) without load
for 5 minutes.
With the key in the ON position, push
and hold the stop button
(Figure 7, (1)) until the engine is off.
Note: Continue to hold the stop
button in until the engine is
completely stopped. If the button is
released before the engine has
completely stopped, it may restart.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
This section of the Operation Manual
describes the procedures for proper care
and maintenance of the engine.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
! WARNING
Crush Hazard
If you need to transport an
engine for repair, have a
helper assist you attach it
to a hoist and load it on a
truck.
The engine lifting eyes are engineered to lift
the weight of the marine engine only.
ALWAYS use the engine lifting eyes when
lifting the engine.
Additional equipment is necessary to lift the
marine engine and marine gear together.
ALWAYS use lifting equipment with
sufficient capacity to lift the marine engine.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
47
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Shock Hazard
! WARNING
Welding Hazard
Make welding repairs safely.
• ALWAYS turn off the battery switch (if
equipped) or disconnect the negative
battery cable and the leads to the
alternator when welding on the
equipment.
• Remove the multi-pin connectors to the
engine electronics or engine control unit.
Connect the weld clamp to the
component to be welded and as close as
possible to the welding point.
• NEVER connect the weld clamp to the
engine or in a manner which would allow
current to pass through a mounting
bracket.
• When welding is completed, reconnect
the leads to the alternator and engine
electronics or engine control unit prior to
reconnecting the batteries.
equipment.
ALWAYS turn off the
battery switch (if
equipped) or disconnect
the negative battery cable
before servicing the
ALWAYS keep the electrical connectors
and terminals clean. Check the electrical
harnesses for cracks, abrasions, and
damaged or corroded connectors.
Exhaust Hazard
ALWAYS ensure that all
connections are tightened to
specifications after repair is
made to the exhaust system.
All internal combustion
engines create carbon monoxide gas during
operation and special precautions are
required to avoid carbon monoxide
poisoning.
48
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
PRECAUTIONS
NOTICE
Any part which is found defective as a result
of inspection, or any part whose measured
value does not satisfy the standard or limit,
must be replaced.
Modifications may impair the engine’s
safety and performance characteristics and
shorten the engine’s life. Any alterations to
this engine may void its warranty. Be sure to
use Yanmar genuine replacement parts.
The Importance of Periodic
Maintenance
Engine deterioration and wear occur in
proportion to the length of time the engine
has been in service and the conditions the
engine is subjected to during operation.
Periodic maintenance prevents unexpected
downtime, reduces the number of accidents
due to poor engine performance and helps
extend the life of the engine.
Performing Periodic
Maintenance
WARNING! NEVER block windows,
vents, or other means of ventilation if
the engine is operating in an enclosed
area. All internal combustion engines
create carbon monoxide gas during
operation. Accumulation of this gas
within an enclosure could cause illness
or even death. Make sure that all
connections are tightened to
specifications after repair is made to the
exhaust system. Failure to comply could
result in death or serious injury.
The Importance of Daily Checks
The Periodic Maintenance Schedule
assumes that the daily checks are
performed on a regular basis. Make it a habit
of performing daily checks before the start
of each operating day. See Daily Checks on
page 36.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
49
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Keep a Log of Engine Hours and
Daily Checks
Keep a log of the number of hours the engine
is run each day and a log of the daily checks
performed. Also note the date, type of repair
(e.g., replaced alternator), and parts used
for any service needed between the periodic
maintenance intervals. Periodic
maintenance intervals are every 50, 125,
250, 500, 1000 and 1250 engine hours.
Failure to perform periodic maintenance will
shorten the life of the engine.
Tools Required
Before you start any periodic maintenance
procedure, make sure you have the tools
you need to perform all of the required tasks.
Ask Your Authorized Yanmar
Marine Dealer or Distributor For
Help
Our professional service technicians have
the expertise and skills to help you with any
maintenance or service related procedures.
Yanmar Replacement Parts
Yanmar recommends that you use genuine
Yanmar parts when replacement parts are
needed. Genuine replacement parts help
ensure long engine life.
50
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Tightening Fasteners
Use the correct amount of torque when you tighten fasteners. Applying excessive torque may
damage the fastener or component and not enough torque may cause a leak or component
failure.
NOTICE: The tightening torque in the Standard Torque Chart should be applied only
to the bolts with a “7” head (JIS strength classification: 7T). Apply 60%
torque to bolts that are not listed. Apply 80% torque when tightened to
aluminum alloy.
Bolt diameter x pitch
(mm)
Tightening
Torque
M6 x 1.0
M8 x 1.25
M10 x 1.5
M12 x 1.75
M14 x 1.5
M16 x 1.5
N·m
11.0 ± 1.0
26.0 ± 3.0
50.0 ± 5.0
90.0 ± 10.0
140.0 ± 10.0
230.0 ± 10.0
kgf-m
1.1 ± 0.1
2.7 ± 0.3
5.1 ± 0.5
9.2 ± 1.0
14.3 ± 1.0
23.5 ± 1.0
lb-ft
–
19.0 ± 2.1
37 ± 3.6
66.0 ± 7.2
103 ± 7.2
170 ± 7.2
lb-in.
96 ± 9.0
–
–
–
–
–
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
51
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
EPA MAINTENANCE
REQUIREMENTS
Conditions to Ensure
Compliance with EPA Emission
Standards
To maintain optimum engine performance
and compliance with the Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) Regulations for
Engines, it is essential that you follow the
Periodic Maintenance Schedule on page
54 and the Periodic Maintenance
Procedures on page 59.
The following are the conditions that must be
met in order to ensure that the emissions
during operation meet the EPA standards:
EPA Requirements for USA and
Other Applicable Countries
The following are the requirements for the
EPA. Unless these requirements are met,
the exhaust gas emissions will not be within
the limits specified by the EPA.
The EPA emission regulation is applicable
only in the USA and other countries that
have adapted the EPA requirements in part
or in whole. Determine and follow the
emission regulations in the country where
your engine will be operating to assist you in
specified compliance.
• Ambient temperature: -20˚ to +40˚C
(-4˚ to +104˚F)
• Relative humidity: 80% or lower
The diesel fuel should be:
• ASTM D975 No. 1-D or No. 2-D, or
equivalent (minimum of cetane No. 45)
The lubricating oil should be:
• Type API, Class CD or higher
Perform inspections as outlined in Periodic
Maintenance Procedures on page 59 and
keep a record of the results.
Pay particular attention to these important
points:
•
•
•
•
Replacing the engine oil
Replacing the engine oil filter
Replacing the fuel filter
Cleaning the air cleaner
Note: Inspections are divided into two
sections in accordance with who is
responsible for performing the inspection:
the user or the manufacturer.
52
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Inspection and Maintenance
See Inspection and Maintenance of EPA
Emission-Related Parts on page 58 for the
EPA emission-related parts. Inspection and
maintenance procedures not shown in the
Inspection and Maintenance of EPA
Emission-Related Parts on page 58
section are covered in Periodic
Maintenance Schedule on page 54.
This maintenance must be performed to
keep the emission values of your engine in
the standard values during the warranty
period. The warranty period is determined
by the age of the engine or the number of
hours of operation.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
53
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Daily and periodic maintenance is important to keep the engine in good operating condition.
The following is a summary of maintenance items by periodic maintenance intervals. Periodic
maintenance intervals vary depending on engine application, loads, diesel fuel and engine
oil used and are hard to establish definitively. The following should be treated only as a
general guideline. CAUTION! Establish a periodic maintenance plan according to the
engine application and make sure you perform the required periodic maintenance
at intervals indicated. Failure to follow these guidelines will impair the engine’s
safety and performance characteristics, shorten the engine’s life and may affect the
warranty coverage on your engine. See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor for assistance when checking items marked with a ●.
: Check or Clean ◊: Replace ●: Contact your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer or distributor
System
Item
Periodic Maintenance Interval
Daily
Whole
Visual
inspection
of engine
exterior

Fuel
System
Check the
fuel level
and refill if
necessary

Every 50
hours or
monthly
whichever
comes
first
Drain
water and
sediment
from fuel
tank

Drain the
fuel / water
separator

Replace
the fuel
filter
element
◊
Initial 50
Every
125
hours or
6
months
whichever
comes
first
Every
250
hours
or one
year
whichever
comes
first
Every
500
hours
or 2
years
whichever
comes
first
◊
●*
Check the
fuel
injection
timing *
Check the
fuel
injector
pressure
and nozzle
spray
pattern*
54
Every
1000
hours
or 4
years
whichever
comes
first
●
Initial
250
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
●*
Every
1250
hours
or 5
years
whichever
comes
first
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
: Check or Clean ◊: Replace ●: Contact your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer or distributor
System
Item
Periodic Maintenance Interval
Daily
Lubricating
System
Every 50
hours or
monthly
whichever
comes
first
Every
125
hours or
6
months
whichever
comes
first
Change
the engine
oil
◊
Initial 50
◊
Replace
the engine
oil filter
element
◊
Initial 50
◊
Check the
engine oil
level
Every
250
hours
or one
year
whichever
comes
first
Every
500
hours
or 2
years
whichever
comes
first
Every
1000
hours
or 4
years
whichever
comes
first

Wash the
engine oil
cooler
Marine
Drive
System
Fresh
Water
Cooling
System
Every
1250
hours
or 5
years
whichever
comes
first
●
Check
marine
drive oil

Check
power
steering oil

Check
power trim
oil

Check
drive oil

Check
coolant
level

Refer to the marine drive system operation manual.
Change
coolant
◊
Clean and
check the
cooling
water
passage
●
Clean the
cooling
water
system
●
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
55
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
: Check or Clean ◊: Replace ●: Contact your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer or distributor
System
Item
Periodic Maintenance Interval
Daily
Seawater
Cooling
System
Check
seawater
outlet
discharge
Every 50
hours or
monthly
whichever
comes
first
Every
125
hours or
6
months
whichever
comes
first
Every
250
hours
or one
year
whichever
comes
first
Every
500
hours
or 2
years
whichever
comes
first
●
Check or
replace the
zinc
anodes
◊
Check and
clean the
seawater
passage
Electrical
System
●
Clean or
replace the
exhaust /
water
mixing
elbow
●
Check or
replace
fuel line
and rubber
hoses

Check the
alarm and
indicators

Check the
electrolyte
level in the
battery
●

Adjust the
tension of
the
alternator
V-belt or
replace Vbelt
56
Every
1250
hours
or 5
years
whichever
comes
first

During
Operation
Check or
replace the
seawater
pump
impeller
Piping
Every
1000
hours
or 4
years
whichever
comes
first

6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
●
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
: Check or Clean ◊: Replace ●: Contact your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer or distributor
System
Item
Periodic Maintenance Interval
Daily
Remote
Control
Handle
Intake and
Exhaust
System
Check and
lubricate
the remote
control
cable
operation
Every 50
hours or
monthly
whichever
comes
first
Every
125
hours or
6
months
whichever
comes
first
Every
250
hours
or one
year
whichever
comes
first
Every
500
hours
or 2
years
whichever
comes
first
Adjust the
remote
control
cable

Wash
turbocharger
blower
●
Clean air
cleaner

●
Initial
250
●
Lap the
intake and
exhaust
valves
*
Every
1250
hours
or 5
years
whichever
comes
first

Adjust the
intake and
exhaust
valve
clearance
Miscellaneous
Every
1000
hours
or 4
years
whichever
comes
first
●
Check and
adjust the
power
steering oil
pump belt
(6LPASTZP2
only)

Replace
the timing
belt
●
Replace
the front
rubber
damper
●
For EPA requirements, see Inspection and Maintenance of EPA Emission-Related Parts on page 58.
Note: These procedures are considered normal maintenance and are performed at the
owner’s expense.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
57
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Inspection and Maintenance of EPA Emission-Related Parts
Parts
Interval
Clean fuel injection nozzle
1500 hours
Check fuel injection nozzle (adjustment)
Check fuel injection pump adjustment
3000 hours
Check turbocharger adjustment
Check electronic engine control unit and its associated sensors and actuators
Note: The inspection and maintenance items shown above to be performed at your Yanmar
dealer or distributor.
58
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
PROCEDURES
1.
2.
After Initial 50 Hours of
Operation
Perform the following maintenance after the
initial 50 hours of operation.
• Changing the Engine Oil and
Replacing the Engine Oil Filter
Element
• Changing the Fuel Filter Element
Changing the Engine Oil and
Replacing the Engine Oil Filter
Element
3.
4.
5.
The engine oil on a new engine becomes
contaminated from the initial break-in of
internal parts. It is very important that the
initial oil replacement is performed as
scheduled.
6.
7.
It is easiest and most effective to drain the
engine oil after operation while the engine is
still warm. WARNING! If you must drain
the engine oil while it is still hot, stay
clear of the hot engine oil to avoid being
burned. ALWAYS wear eye protection.
Turn the engine OFF.
NOTICE: Prevent dirt and debris
from contaminating engine oil.
Carefully clean the dipstick and the
surrounding area before you
remove the dipstick. Remove the
engine oil dipstick. Attach the oil drain
pump (if equipped) and pump out the
oil.
For easier draining, remove the engine
oil fill cap.
Turn the engine oil filter
(Figure 1, (1)) counterclockwise with a
wrench.
Remove the engine oil filter.
Apply a small amount of engine oil to the
seal of the new filter.
Install a new filter element and tighten
by hand until the seal touches the
housing.
Turn filter an additional 3/4 turn with a
filter wrench.
(1)
(1)
0004900
8.
0004899
Figure 1
9.
Figure 2
Remove filler cap (Figure 2, (1)) and
fill with new engine oil through filler port.
See Adding Engine Oil on page 32.
NOTICE: NEVER mix different types
of engine oil. This may adversely
affect the lubricating properties of
the engine oil. NEVER overfill.
Overfilling may result in white
exhaust smoke, engine overspeed
or internal damage.
Perform a trial run and check for oil
leaks.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
59
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
10. Approximately 10 minutes after
stopping the engine, remove the oil
dipstick and check the oil level. Add oil
if the level is too low.
11. Dispose of waste properly.
Replacing the Fuel Filter Element
(5)
(4)
(3)
(2)
(1)
0004915
Figure 3
1–
2–
3–
4–
5–
60
Mounting Screw (2 used)
Housing
Alarm Switch
O-Ring
Filter Element
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
Close the fuel cock of the fuel tank.
Remove the two mounting screws
(Figure 3, (1)) and the housing
(Figure 3, (2)).
Drain the fuel from the fuel drain cock
on the bottom of the fuel / water
separator.
Disconnect the alarm switch harness.
Every 50 Hours of Operation
After you complete the initial 50 hour
maintenance procedures, perform the
following procedures every 50 hours
thereafter or monthly, whichever comes
first.
• Draining Water From the Fuel Tank
• Draining Fuel Filter / Water Separator
• Checking Battery Electrolyte Level
Draining Water From the Fuel Tank
0004897
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Figure 4
Remove the alarm switch (Figure 4)
with a wrench.
Remove the filter element
(Figure 3, (5)) with a filter wrench.
Install the alarm switch to the new fuel
filter.
Component
Part No.
Fuel Filter Element
119773-55710
Apply a thin film of clean diesel fuel to
the sealing surface of the new filter
gasket.
Install new filter and tighten hand-tight.
Use a filter wrench and tighten to
14.7 - 19.6 N·m (130.1 - 173.5 in.-lb).
Install filter and tighten hand-tight.
Connect the alarm switch harness.
Install the housing and mounting
screws.
Bleed the fuel system. See Bleeding
the Fuel System on page 30. Dispose
of waste properly.
Start engine and check for leaks.
(3)
(1)
(2)
0004898
Figure 5
1 – Sediment Bowl
2 – Drain Cock
3 – Fuel Line To Engine
1.
2.
Put a pan under the drain cock
(Figure 5, (2)) to catch fuel.
Open the drain cock and drain water
and sediment. Close the drain cock
when the fuel is clean and free of air
bubbles. NOTICE: Dispose of waste
properly.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
61
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Draining Fuel Filter / Water
Separator
Water and sediment can clog the fuel filter
and impair the function of the fuel injection
pump and valve. If heavy deposits of water
and sediment are drained, also drain the fuel
tank.
NOTICE: NEVER turn off the battery
switch (if equipped) or short the battery
cables during operation. Damage to the
electric system will result.
Note: Battery fluid tends to evaporate in high
temperatures, especially in summer. In such
conditions, inspect the battery earlier than
specified.
1.
2.
(1)
3.
(2)
0004916
Figure 6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Close the fuel cock of the fuel tank.
Remove the two mounting screws
(Figure 6, (1)) and remove the housing
(Figure 6, (2)).
Put a pan under the drain cock.
Loosen the drain cock of the water
separator and drain off any water or dirt
collected inside.
Install housing and mounting screws.
Bleed air from the fuel system. See
Bleeding the Fuel System on page 30.
4.
Turn the battery master switch to OFF
(if equipped) or disconnect the negative
(-) battery cable.
Do not operate with insufficient battery
electrolyte as the battery will be
destroyed.
Remove the plugs and check the
electrolyte level in all cells. NOTICE:
NEVER attempt to remove the
covers or fill a maintenance-free
battery.
If the level is lower than the minimum fill
level (Figure 7), fill with distilled water
(Figure 7) (available in the grocery
store) up to the upper limit (Figure 7) of
the battery. WARNING! If operation
continues with insufficient battery
fluid, the battery life is shortened,
and the battery may overheat and
explode.
Checking the Battery Electrolyte
Level (Serviceable Batteries Only)
WARNING! Batteries contain sulfuric
acid. NEVER allow battery fluid to come
in contact with clothing, skin or eyes.
Severe burns could result. ALWAYS
wear safety goggles and protective
clothing when servicing the battery. If
battery fluid contacts the eyes and / or
skin, immediately flush the affected area
with a large amount of clean water and
obtain prompt medical treatment.
0004566_s1
Figure 7
62
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Every 125 Hours of Operation
Perform the following maintenance every
125 hours of operation or 6 months,
whichever comes first.
• Changing the Engine Oil and
Replacing the Engine Oil Filter
Changing the Engine Oil and
Replacing the Engine Oil Filter
See Changing the Engine Oil and Replacing
the Engine Oil Filter Element on page 59.
After Initial 250 Hours of
Operation
Perform the following maintenance after the
initial 250 hours of operation.
• Checking the Fuel Injector Spray
Pattern
• Inspecting and Adjusting
Intake / Exhaust Valve Clearance
Checking the Fuel Injector Spray
Pattern
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Inspecting and Adjusting
Intake / Exhaust Valve Clearance
Proper adjustment is necessary to maintain
the correct timing for opening and closing
the valves. Improper adjustment will cause
the engine to run noisily, resulting in poor
engine performance and engine damage.
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor to adjust the intake / exhaust
valve clearance.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
63
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Every 250 Hours of Operation
Perform the following maintenance every
250 hours or one year of operation,
whichever comes first.
• Replacing the Fuel Filter Element
• Changing the Coolant
• Checking or Replacing the Zinc
Anodes
• Adjusting the Remote Control Cable
• Cleaning the Turbocharger
• Cleaning the Air Cleaner
Replacing the Fuel Filter Element
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Remove all the plugs ((Figure 9, (1)),
(Figure 10, (3)), (Figure 11, (4)),
(Figure 12, (2)) and (Figure 13, (2)))
labeled ZINC (Figure 8, (1)).
Measure the remaining zinc in the plug.
Replace the zinc anode when it is less
than one-half its original size. See chart
for sizes.
Install a new zinc in a new plug.
NOTICE: NEVER use sealing tape to
install the zinc anode. The anode
must make metal-to-metal contact.
Install plug.
Open the seacock and check for leaks.
Fuel Cooler
See Replacing the Fuel Filter Element on
page 60.
Changing the Coolant
Replace the coolant every year.
Note: If Long Life coolant is used, replace
coolant every 2 years.
1.
2.
Drain the fresh water cooling system.
See Draining the Fresh Water Cooling
System on page 81.
Fill the cooling system with clean
coolant. See Checking and Adding
Engine Coolant on page 34.
(1)
0004918
Figure 9
Fresh Water Cooler
Checking or Replacing Zinc Anodes
Inspect and replace the zinc anodes
periodically. NOTICE: If zinc anodes are
not replaced periodically, corrosion and
engine damage will result.
1.
2.
(3)
(3)
Close the seacock.
Drain the seawater cooling system. See
Draining Seawater Cooling System on
page 81.
0004919
Figure 10
(1)
0004896
Figure 8
64
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Intercooler
(4)
0004917
Figure 11
Engine Oil Cooler
(2)
Location
Part
Number
Qty.
Dimensions
DxL
Fuel
Cooler
119574–
44150
1
0.5 x 1.0 in.
Engine
Oil Cooler
119574–
44150
2
0.5 x 1.0 in.
Fresh
Water
Cooler
119574–
44150
2
0.5 x 1.0 in.
Intercooler
119574–
18790
1
0.5 x 1.0 in.
Note: Some marine drives have additional
zinc anodes. Check the manufacturer's
documentation for location and other
information.
Checking and Adjusting Remote
Control Cables
Note: Never adjust the high speed stop bolt
on the governor. This will void the engine
warranty.
Adjusting Engine Speed (Governor)
Remote Control Cable
See your authorized Yanmar dealer or
distributor.
0004920
Figure 12
Adjusting Clutch Remote Control Cable
Refer to the manufacturer's documentation.
Cleaning the Turbocharger
Engine Oil Cooler
Contamination of the turbocharger causes
revolutions to drop and engine output to fall.
If a significant drop in engine output is noted
(10% or more), clean the turbocharger.
This should be done only by a trained and
qualified technician. See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or distributor.
(2)
0004921
Figure 13
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
65
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Cleaning the Air Cleaner
Every 500 Hours of Operation
(1)
0004911
Figure 14
1.
2.
3.
Slide air cleaner (Figure 14, (1)) off air
inlet.
Clean the air cleaner with detergent.
Allow to air dry and install on the air
inlet. NOTICE: Replace the air
cleaner if unable to clean or if
damaged.
Perform the following maintenance every
500 hours or 2 years of operation, whichever
comes first.
• Cleaning or Replacing
Exhaust / Water Mixing Elbow
• Replacing Fuel Line and Rubber
Hoses
• Adjusting or Replacing the Alternator
V-Belt
• Checking and Adjusting the Power
Steering Oil Pump Belt (6LPA-STZP2
Models)
Cleaning or Replacing
Exhaust / Water Mixing Elbow
See your authorized Yanmar dealer or
distributor.
Replacing Fuel Line and Rubber
Hoses
Replace fuel line and rubber hoses every
500 hours or 2 years, whichever comes first.
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
66
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Checking and Adjusting the
Alternator V-Belt Tension
Checking and Adjusting the Power
Steering Oil Pump Belt (6LPA-STZP2
Models)
NOTICE: NEVER get any oil on the
belt(s). Oil on the belt causes slipping
and stretching. Replace the belt if it is
damaged. NEVER over-tighten the
belt(s). Engine damage will result.
(1)
(2)
(2)
(3)
(1)
(4)
0004903
Figure 15
NOTICE: NEVER get any oil on the
belt(s). Oil on the belt causes slipping
and stretching. Replace the belt if it is
damaged. NEVER over-tighten the
belt(s). Engine damage will result.
1.
2.
3.
Check the belt by pushing on the middle
of the belt (Figure 15, (1)) with your
finger.
With proper tension, the belt should
deflect 8 - 10 mm (approximately
3/8 in.).
Loosen the alternator bolt
(Figure 15, (2)) and move the
alternator to adjust the V-belt tension.
Replace the V-belt if required.
0004913
Figure 16
1.
2.
3.
Check the belt by pushing on the middle
of the belt (Figure 16, (3)) with your
finger.
With proper tension, the belt should
deflect 8 - 10 mm (approximately
3/8 in.) (Figure 16, (4)).
Loosen the power steering pump bolt
(Figure 16, (2)) and move the oil pump
(Figure 16, (1)) to adjust the belt
tension.
Replace the belt if required.
Alternator V-Belt
Part Number
Power Steering Oil Pump Belt Part
Number (6LPA-STZP2 only)
119775–77260
119787–26540
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
67
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Every 1000 Hours of Operation
Perform the following maintenance every
1000 hours or 4 years of operation,
whichever comes first.
• Checking the Fuel Injection Timing
• Checking the Fuel Injector Pressure
and Nozzle Spray Pattern
• Replacing the Seawater Pump
Impeller
• Adjusting Intake / Exhaust Valve
Clearance
• Lapping the Intake and Exhaust
Valves
Checking the Fuel Injection Timing
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Checking the Fuel Injector Pressure
and Nozzle Spray Pattern
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Checking or Replacing Seawater
Pump Impeller
NOTICE: When turning the engine by
hand, be sure to turn it in the correct
direction. Turning it in the opposite
direction damages the blades of the
impeller.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
7.
Close the seacock.
Drain the seawater cooling system. See
Draining Seawater Cooling System on
page 81.
Loosen the cover bolts and remove the
cover and O-ring.
Inspect the inside of the seawater pump
with a flashlight. If any of the following
are found, disassembly and
maintenance are required:
• Impeller blades are cracked or
nicked. Edges or surfaces of the
blades are marred or scratched.
• Wear plate is damaged.
If no damage is found when inspecting
the inside of the pump, install the O-ring
and cover.
If a large amount of water leaks
continuously from the water drain line
below the seawater pump during
operation, replace the mechanical seal.
See your authorized Yanmar Marine
dealer or distributor.
NOTICE: Replace the seawater
pump impeller every 1000 hours
even if no damage is apparent.
When replacement is required, see
your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Adjusting Intake / Exhaust Valve
Clearance
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Lapping the Intake and Exhaust
Valve
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
0004914
Figure 17
1–
2–
3–
4–
68
Impeller
O-Ring
Cover
Cover Bolts
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Every 1250 Hours of Operation
Perform the following maintenance
procedures every 1250 hours of operation
or 5 years, whichever comes first.
• Cleaning the Cooling Water System
• Cleaning and Checking the Seawater
Passage
• Cleaning and Checking the Fresh
Water Cooling Water Passage
• Adjusting the Tension of the
Alternator V-Belt
• Replacing the Timing Belt
• Washing Engine Oil Cooler
• Replacing the Front Rubber Damper
Adjusting the Tension of the
Alternator V-Belt
See Checking and Adjusting the Alternator
V-Belt Tension on page 67.
Replacing the Timing Belt
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Washing the Engine Cooler
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Replacing the Front Rubber Damper
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Cleaning the Cooling Water System
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Cleaning and Checking the
Seawater Passage
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Cleaning and Checking the Fresh
Water Cooling Water Passage
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
69
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
70
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
TROUBLESHOOTING
If a problem occurs, stop the engine
immediately. Refer to the SYMPTOM
column in the Troubleshooting Chart to
identify the problem.
TROUBLESHOOTING
AFTER STARTING
Just after the engine has started, check the
following items at a low engine speed:
Is sufficient water being discharged
from the seawater outlet pipe?
• If the discharge is low, stop the engine
immediately. Identify the cause and
repair.
Is the exhaust color normal?
• The continuous emission of black exhaust
smoke indicates engine overloading. This
shortens the engine's life and should be
avoided.
When operating the engine at low speed
for long periods of time, race the engine
once every 2 hours. Racing the engine:
with the clutch in NEUTRAL, accelerate
from the low speed position to the high
speed position and repeat this process
about five times. This is done to clean
out carbon from the cylinders and the
fuel injection valves. NOTICE:
Neglecting the race the engine will
result in poor exhaust color and reduce
engine performance.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
71
TROUBLESHOOTING
Periodically operate the engine near
maximum speed while underway. This
will generate higher exhaust
temperatures, which will help clean out
hard carbon deposits, maintain engine
performance and prolong the life of the
engine.
Are there abnormal vibrations or noise?
• Depending on the hull structure, engine
and hull resonance may suddenly
increase at certain engine speed ranges,
causing heavy vibrations. Avoid operation
in this speed range. If any abnormal
sounds are heard, stop the engine and
inspect for cause.
Is there water, oil or fuel leakage? Are
there any loose bolts or connections?
• Check the engine room daily for any leaks
or loose connections.
Is there sufficient fuel in the fuel tank?
• Refill fuel in advance to avoid running out
of fuel. If the tank runs out of fuel, bleed
the fuel system. See Bleeding the Fuel
System on page 30.
Alarm sounds during operation.
• If the alarm sounds during operation,
lower the engine speed immediately,
check the warning lamps and stop the
engine for repairs.
72
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
Symptom
Probable Cause
Measure
Indicators light on the
instrument panel and
alarm sounds during
operation
Shift to low speed operation immediately, and check which indicator has come on.
Stop the engine and inspect. If no abnormality is identified and there is no problem
with operation, return to port at lowest speed and request repairs.
• Engine oil low
pressure alarm
indicator comes on
Engine oil level is low.
Check engine oil level.
Add or replace.
See Checking
the Engine Oil on
page 31
Engine oil filter clogged.
Replace engine oil filter.
Replace engine oil.
See Changing
the Engine Oil
and Replacing
the Engine Oil
Filter Element on
page 59
• Fresh water (coolant)
level alarm comes on
Coolant / fresh water in coolant
recovery tank is low.
Check coolant level and
refill.
See Checking
and Adding
Engine Coolant
on page 34
• Fresh water (coolant)
high temperature
alarm comes on
Coolant / fresh water in coolant
recovery tank is low.
Check coolant level and
refill.
See Checking
and Adding
Engine Coolant
on page 34
Leakage in fresh water cooling
system causing temperature to
rise.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
Contamination inside cooling
system.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
Fresh water cooling pump
damaged.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
• Gear oil alarm comes
on
Insufficient drive oil.
Check oil level and refill.
See Marine Drive
Oil on page 32
• Fuel filter alarm comes
on
Water level in fuel / water
separator too high.
Drain.
See Draining
Fuel Filter /
Water Separator
on page 62
• Exhaust alarm comes
on
Insufficient discharge of cooling
seawater.
Check that seacock is open.
Damaged seawater pump.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
Faulty Warning Devices
Do not operate the engine if alarm devices are not repaired. Serious accidents may
result if abnormalities are not identified due to faulty indicators or alarm.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
Reference
-
73
TROUBLESHOOTING
Symptom
Indicators Do Not Go On:
Probable Cause
Measure
• When key is turned
ON
• When any trouble
occurs (oil pressure
etc.)
No electrical current available.
Circuit broken or lamp burned
out.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
• One of the indicators
does not go out
Sensor switch is faulty.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
• Battery low charge
indicator does not go
out during operation
V-belt is loose or broken.
Replace V-belt or adjust
tension.
See Checking
and Adjusting the
Alternator V-Belt
Tension on page
67
Battery is defective.
Check battery fluid level,
specific gravity or
replace battery.
See Checking
the Battery
Electrolyte Level
(Serviceable
Batteries Only)
on page 62
Alternator power generation
failure.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
74
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
Reference
TROUBLESHOOTING
Symptom
Starting Failures:
Probable Cause
Measure
• Starter turns but
engine does not start
No fuel.
Add fuel. Bleed fuel
system.
See Filling the
Fuel Tank on
page 29 and See
Bleeding the
Fuel System on
page 30
Air in fuel line.
Bleed fuel system.
See Bleeding the
Fuel System on
page 30
Fuel filter is clogged.
Replace filter element.
See Replacing
the Fuel Filter
Element on page
60
Improper fuel.
Replace with
recommended fuel.
See Diesel Fuel
Specifications on
page 27
Problem with fuel injection.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
Compression leakage from
intake / exhaust valve.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
Faulty clutch position.
Shift to NEUTRAL and
start.
-
Insufficient battery charge.
Check fluid level.
Recharge. Replace.
Cable terminal contact failure.
Remove corrosion from
terminals. Tighten
battery cables.
-
Faulty safety switch device.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
Faulty starter switch.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
Power lacking due to accessory
drive being engaged.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
Internal parts seized.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
• Starter does not turn or
turns slowly (engine
can be turned
manually)
• Engine cannot be
turned manually
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
Reference
See Checking
the Battery
Electrolyte Level
(Serviceable
Batteries Only)
on page 62
75
TROUBLESHOOTING
Symptom
Abnormal Exhaust Color:
Probable Cause
Measure
• Black smoke
Overload
Reduce load.
-
Improper propeller matching.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
Dirty air cleaner.
Clean air cleaner.
See Cleaning the
Air Cleaner on
page 66
Improper fuel.
Replace with
recommended fuel.
See Diesel Fuel
Specifications on
page 27
Faulty spraying of fuel injector.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
Low boost pressure.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
Incorrect intake / exhaust valve
clearance.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
Improper fuel.
Replace with
recommended fuel.
Faulty spraying of fuel injector.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
Fuel injection timing off.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
Engine burning oil (excessive
consumption).
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
• White smoke
76
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
Reference
See Diesel Fuel
Specifications on
page 27
TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLESHOOTING
INFORMATION
If the engine does not operate properly, refer
to the Troubleshooting Chart on page 73 or
see your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Supply the authorized Yanmar Marine
dealer or distributor with the following
information:
• Model name and serial number of your
engine
• Boat model, hull material, size (tons)
• Use, type of boating, number of hours run
• Total number of operation hours (refer to
hourmeter), age of boat
• The operating conditions when the
problem occurs:
• Engine rpm
• Color of exhaust smoke
• Type of diesel fuel
• Type of engine oil
• Any abnormal noises or vibration
• Operating environment such as high
altitude or extreme ambient
temperatures, etc.
• Engine maintenance history and
previous problems
• Other factors that contribute to the
problem
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
77
TROUBLESHOOTING
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78
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
LONG-TERM STORAGE
If the engine will not be used for an extended
period of time, special measures should be
taken to protect the cooling system, fuel
system and combustion chamber from
corrosion and the exterior from rusting.
The engine can normally stand idle for up to
6 months. If it remains unused for longer
than this, please contact your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or distributor.
PREPARE ENGINE FOR
LONG-TERM STORAGE
Note: If the engine is close to a periodic
maintenance interval, perform those
maintenance procedures before putting the
engine into long-term storage.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Wipe off any dust or oil from the outside
of engine.
Drain water from fuel filters.
Drain fuel tank completely or fill the tank
to prevent condensation.
Grease the exposed areas and joints of
the remote control cables and the
bearings of the remote control handle.
Seal the intake silencer, exhaust pipe,
etc. to prevent moisture or
contamination from entering engine.
Completely drain bilge in hull bottom.
Waterproof the engine room to prevent
rain or seawater from entering.
Charge the battery once a month to
compensate for battery’s selfdischarge.
Remove key from key switch and cover
the key switch with moisture cap.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
79
LONG-TERM STORAGE
DRAINING THE FRESH
WATER AND SEAWATER
COOLING SYSTEM
(1)
(4)
(2)
0004906
Figure 3
0004904
Figure 1
(5)
(3)
0004907
Figure 4
0004905
Figure 2
80
1–
2–
3–
4–
5–
Seawater Drain Cock
Fresh Water Drain Cock
Fresh Water Drain Cock
Seawater Pump Cover
Seawater Drain Cock
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
LONG-TERM STORAGE
Draining the Fresh Water Cooling
System
WARNING! ALWAYS allow the engine to
cool before draining the cooling system.
1.
2.
3.
Open the fresh water drain cocks and
drain the fresh water into an appropriate
container.
Close the drain cocks after draining the
water.
Dispose of waste properly.
REMOVING THE ENGINE
FROM LONG-TERM
STORAGE
When using the engine after a long period of
storage, prepare for operation in the same
manner for a new engine. See Before You
Operate on page 27.
Draining Seawater Cooling
System
WARNING! ALWAYS allow the engine to
cool before draining the cooling system.
NOTICE: If seawater is left inside, it may
freeze and damage parts of the cooling
system (fresh water cooler, seawater
pump, etc.) when ambient temperature
is below
0°C (32°F).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Close the seacock.
Open the seawater drain cocks and
drain off the seawater.
Remove the four bolts attaching the
seawater pump cover. Remove the
cover and drain the seawater.
Install cover and tighten bolts.
Close all the drain cocks.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
81
LONG-TERM STORAGE
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
82
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
SPECIFICATIONS
PRINCIPAL ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS
Specification
6LPA-STP2
Type
6LPA-STZP2
Vertical water-cooled 4–cycle diesel engine
Number of cylinders
6
Bore x stroke
94 mm x 100 mm
3.7 in. x 3.94 in.
Displacement
4.164 L
Continuous power at crankshaft
211 kW (286 hp) / 3682 rpm
Maximum output rating*
232 kW (315 hp) / 3800 rpm*
High idle
4280 ± 25 rpm
Low idle
750 + 25 / 0
Combustion system
Direct injection
Starting system
Electric start (12 V - 2.5 kW)
Charging system
Alternator with built-in regulator 12V DC - 80A
Direction of rotation
Counterclockwise (viewed from flywheel)
Cooling system
Constant high temperature fresh water cooling
(2 systems: seawater and fresh water cooling)
• Cooling water capacity
13.5 L (14.3 qt) engine
1.6 L (1.7 qt) coolant recovery tank
Lubrication system
Forced lubrication system with trochoid gear pump
• Engine (lube) oil
capacity
Total
10.5 L (11.0 qt)
Oil Pan
8.4 L (8.9 qt)
Turbocharger
Model
RHE62W (IHI made)
Type
Dimensions (less
gear)
LxWxH
Weight (less gear)
Water-cooled turbine housing
1065 x 671 x 729 mm
41.9 x 26.4 x 28.7 in.
1145 x 752 x 799 mm
45.1 x 29.6 x 31.5 in.
408 kg (899 lb)
Recommended battery capacity
428 kg (944 lb)
12V x 120 Ah
Recommended remote control
handle
Single lever-type only
Engine installation
Flexible engine mount
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
83
SPECIFICATIONS
*
Density of fuel: 0.840 g/cm3 at 15˚C. Fuel temperature 25°C at the inlet of the fuel injection pump. Rating
condition: ISO 3046-1, 8665.
Note: 1 hp metric = 0.7355 kW
Output Power
Fuel Temperature
Specific
Gravity
25°C
77°F
40°C
104°F
0.860
323
306
0.840
315
299
Marine Drive Specifications (Optional)
Model
Type
Applicable
engine
Reduction ratio
ZF63A1:
Ahead / Astern
Bravo X-1, 2, 3:
Both Ahead /
Astern
Hurth
Kanzaki
ZF63A1
KMH50A
Mercruiser
Bravo X-1
Bravo X-2
8° down Hydraulic
Stern Drive
6LPA-STP2
6LPA-STZP2
1.22 / 1.21
1.67 / 1.67
1.36
1.50
1.36
1.56 / 1.58
2.13 / 2.13
1.50
1.65
1.50
2.04 / 2.10
2.43 / 2.43
-
1.81
1.65
2.52 / 2.53
-
-
2.00
1.81
See manufacturer's documentation for additional information.
84
Bravo X-3
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
PIPING DIAGRAMS
Contact your authorized Yanmar dealer for
current diagrams.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
85
86
(23)
(25)
(15)
(17)
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
(13)
(14)
(16)
(18)
(19)
(20) (21)
(22)
(24)
(12)
Figure 1
6LPA Series Operation Manual
(11)
(9)
(10)
(1)
(8)
(2)
(7)
(3)
(6)
(5)
0006321
(4)
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
6LPA-STP2
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
1 – Heat Exchanger
2 – Exhaust Manifold
3 – Mixing Elbow
4 – Seawater Outlet
5 – Turbocharger
6 – Fuel Injection Valves
7 – Intercooler
8 – Engine Oil Filter
9 – Fuel Injection Pump
10 – Seawater Inlet (from Seacock)
11 – Seawater Pump
12 – Fuel Return Pipe (to Fuel Tank)
13 – Diesel Fuel Cooler
14 – Diesel Fuel Inlet (from Fuel Tank)
15 – Diesel Fuel Filter
16 – Coolant Temperature Sender (Optional)
17 – Coolant Temperature Switch
18 – Coolant Outlet to Heater
19 – Engine Oil Cooler Relief Valves
20 – Safety Valve
21 – Coolant Pump
22 – Engine Oil Pump
23 – Engine Oil Inlet Filter
24 – Coolant Inlet from Heater
25 – Thermostat
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
87
88
(19)
(21)
(24)
(26)
(28)
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
(17)
(18)
(20)
(22)
(23)
(25)
(27)
(29)
(1)
(16)
Figure 2
6LPA Series Operation Manual
(15)
(13)
(2)
(14)
(12)
(3)
(11)
(4)
(10)
(5)
(6)
(8)
(7)
0006322
(9)
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
6LPA-STZP2
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
1–
2–
3–
4–
5–
6–
7–
8–
9–
Power Steering Oil Pump
16 – Diesel Fuel Return Pipe (to Fuel Tank)
Power Steering Oil Tank
17 – Diesel Fuel Cooler
Heat Exchanger
18 – Diesel Fuel Inlet (from Fuel Tank)
Exhaust Manifold
19 – Diesel Fuel Filter
Mixing Elbow
20 – Coolant Temperature Sender
(Optional)
Seawater Outlet
21
–
Coolant Temperature Switch
Turbocharger
22
–
Coolant Outlet to Heater
Fuel Injection Valves
Power Steering Cylinder Unit (Local 23 – Engine Oil Cooler Relief Valves
Supply)
24 – Safety Valve
10 – Intercooler
25 – Coolant Pump
11 – Engine Oil Filter
26 – Engine Oil Pump
12 – Power Steering Oil Cooler
27 – Engine Oil Inlet Filter
13 – Fuel Injection Pump
28 – Coolant Inlet from Heater
14 – Sea Water Inlet (from Seacock)
29 – Thermostat
15 – Seawater Pump
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
89
(29)
(28)
(27)
(26)
(25)
(24)
(30)
(31)
(32) (33) (34)
(35)
(23)
(22)
(1)
90
(4)
(20)
(21)
(3)
(2)
(17)
(5)
(18)
(19)
(6)
(10)
(9)
(7)
(8)
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
(17)
(16)
(15)
(12)
(11)
0006324
(14)
(13)
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
WIRING DIAGRAMS
B-Type Instrument Panel
Figure 3
6LPA Series Operation Manual
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
1–
2–
3–
4–
5–
6–
7–
8–
Relay
19 – Coolant Level Switch
Engine Stop Solenoid
20 – Fuel Filter Switch
Seawater Flow Switch
21 – Boost Switch
Grouping (Option)
22 – Wire Harness (Option)
Coolant Temperature Switch
23 – Starter Switch
Relay
24 – Fuel Filter
Engine Oil Pressure Switch
25 – Boost
Procured by Customer 1+2+3<2.5 m – 20 mm² 26 – Exhaust
1+2+3< 5 m – 40 mm² (Cross Sectional Area) 27 – Coolant Temperature
9 – Battery Switch
28 – Engine Oil Pressure
10 – Starter Relay
29 – Charge
11 – Starter
30 – Starter Switch
12 – Alternator
31 – Tachometer with Hour Meter
13 – Ground
32 – Buzzer
14 – Coolant Temperature Sender
33 – Buzzer Stop
15 – Tachometer Sensor
34 – Illuminate
16 – Engine Oil Pressure Sensor
35 – Stop Switch
17 – Timer Controller
18 – Boost Sender
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
91
92
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
Figure 4
6LPA Series Operation Manual
(51)
(53)
(55)
(49)
(48)
(50)
(52)
(54)
(56)
(4)
(2) (3)
(57)
(47)
(46)
(42)
(5)
(37)
(59)
(41)(40)(39)
(58) (60) (45) (44) (43)
(38)
(65)
(64)
(63)
(62)
(61)
(1)
(36)
(6)
(35)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(34)
(33)
(19)
(18)
(17)
(30)
(29)
(28)
(26)
(27)
(13) (20)
(14)
(15)
(31)
(32)
(12)
(10) (11)
(16)
(25)
(24)
0006325
(22)
(23)
(21)
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
C/D-Type x B-Type Instrument Panel
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
1 – Tachometer with Hour Meter
33 – Timer Controller
2 – Buzzer
34 – Fuel Filter Switch
3 – Buzzer Stop
35 – Wire Harness for 2-panel
4 – Illuminate
36 – Wire Harness
5 – Starter Switch
37 – Starter Switch
6 – Stop Switch
38 – Stop Switch
7 – Relay
39 – Illuminate
8 – Relay
40 – Buzzer Stop
9 – Engine Stop Solenoid
41 – Buzzer
10 – Air Heater
42 – Tachometer with Hour Meter
11 – Heater Controller
43 – Coolant Temperature Meter
12 – Coolant Temperature Switch
44 – Engine Oil Pressure Meter
13 – Engine Oil Pressure Switch
45 – Charge
14 – Starter Relay
46 – Starter Switch
15 – Coolant Temperature Switch
47 – Gear Oil
16 – Procured by Customer 1+2+3<2.5 m – 48 – Fuel Emp
20 mm²
49 – Fuel Filter
1+2+3<5 m – 40 mm² (Cross Sectional 50 – Boost
Area)
51 – Diesel Preheat
17 – Battery
52 – Coolant Level
18 – Battery Switch
53 – Exhaust
19 – Starter
54 – Coolant Temperature
20 – Alternator
55 – Engine Oil Pressure
21 – Ground
56 – Option: Harness Adapter, Trim Meter
22 – 6LPA-DTZP, STZP, STZP2
119778-91500
23 – For 6LPA-DTZP, STZP, STZP2
57 – Recommendation: Marcruiser
24 – Gear Oil Level Switch
79-817033A 4
25 – Coolant Temperature Sender
58 – Trim Meter
26 – Engine Oil Pressure Sender
59 – Boost Meter
27 – Tachometer Sensor
60 – Fuel Filter
28 – Boost Sender
61 – Diesel Preheat
29 – For 6LPA-DTZP, STZP, STZP2
62 – Exhaust
30 – 6LPA-DTZP, STZP, STZP2
63 – Coolant Temperature
31 – Coolant Level Switch
64 – Engine Oil Pressure
32 – Drive Trim Sender
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
93
94
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
Figure 5
6LPA Series Operation Manual
(56)
(58)
(60)
(54)
(53)
(55)
(57)
(59)
(61)
(52)
(63)
(66)
(65) (64) (51) (50) (49)
(62)
(73) (74)
(71) (72)
(70)
(69)
(68)
(67)
(75)
A A
(1) (2) (3)
(7)
(42)
(43)
(45)
(48)
(47) (46)(44)
(4) (5) (6)
(41)
(8)
(40)
(9)
(10)
(14)
(15)
(38)
(39)
(37)
(17)
(18)
(19)
(20)
(34)
(33)
(35)
(36)
(16)
(12) (13)
(11)
(32)
(31)
(24)
(26)
(27)
(25)
(28)
0006323
(30) (29)
(23)
(22)
(21)
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
C/D-Type x C-Type Instrument Panel
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
1 – Engine Oil Pressure Meter
2 – Coolant Temperature Meter
3 – Tachometer with Hour Meter
4 – Buzzer
5 – Buzzer Stop
6 – Illuminate
7 – Starter Switch
8 – Stop Switch
9 – Relay
10 – Relay
11 – Engine Stop Solenoid
12 – Air Heater (Option)
13 – Heater Controller
14 – Heater Plug
15 – Relay
16 – Coolant Temperature Switch
17 – Engine Oil Pressure Switch
18 – Starter Relay
19 – Coolant Temperature Switch
20 – Procured by Customer 1+2+3<2.5
m – 20 mm²
1+2+3<5 m – 40 mm² (Cross
Sectional Area)
21 – Battery
22 – Battery Switch
23 – Starter
24 – Alternator
25 – Ground
26 – 6LPA-DTZP, STZP, STZP2
27 – For 6LPA-DTZP, STZP, STZP2
28 – Gear Oil Level Switch
29 – Coolant Temperature Sender
30 – Engine Oil Pressure Sender
31 – Tachometer Sensor
32 – Boost Sender
33 – For 6LPA-DTZP, STZP, STZP2
34 – 6LPA-DTZP, STZP, STZP2
35 – Coolant Level Switch
36 – Drive Trim Sender
37 – Timer Controller
38 – Fuel Filter Switch
39 – Boost
40 – Wire Harness for 2-Panel
41 – Wire Harness
42 – Starter Switch
43 – Stop Switch
44 – Illuminate
45 – Instrument Panel (No. 2 Station) Option
46 – Buzzer Stop
47 – Buzzer
48 – Tachometer with Hour Meter
49 – Coolant Temperature Meter
50 – Engine Oil Pressure Meter
51 – Charge
52 – Engine Oil Pressure
53 – Coolant Temperature
54 – Exhaust
55 – Coolant Level
56 – Diesel Preheat
57 – Boost
58 – Fuel Filter
59 – Fuel Emp
60 – Gear Oil
61 – Starter Switch
62 – 119778–91500 Option: Harness
Adaptor, Trim Meter 119778–91500
63 – 79–817033A 4 Recommendation:
Marcruiser 79–817033A 4
64 – Trim Meter
65 – Boost Meter
66 – Gear Oil
67 – Fuel Emp
68 – Fuel Filter
69 – Boost
70 – Diesel Preheat
71 – Coolant Level
72 – Exhaust
73 – Coolant Temperature
74 – Engine Oil Pressure
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
95
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
96
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
EPA WARRANTY
USA ONLY
YANMAR CO., LTD. LIMITED
EMISSION CONTROL
SYSTEM WARRANTY - USA
ONLY
THIS EMISSION WARRANTY APPLIES TO
THE ENGINES CERTIFIED TO UNITED
STATES EPA 40 CFR 94 AND SOLD BY
YANMAR THAT ARE INSTALLED IN
VESSELS FLAGGED OR REGISTERED IN
THE UNITED STATES.
Note: Please refer to Yanmar's Limited
Warranty Handbook for a description of the
normal (non-EPA) warranty.
Your Warranty Rights and
Obligations:
0005438
Yanmar warrants to the first user and each
subsequent purchaser the emission control
system on your engine for periods of time
listed below provided the engine has been
installed according to Yanmar installation
requirements and there has been no abuse,
neglect, or improper maintenance of your
Yanmar Marine engine.
Yanmar warrants that the engine is
designed, built and tested using genuine
parts and equipped so as to conform to all
applicable emission requirements of the
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and
is free from defects in material and
workmanship which would cause this
engine to fail to conform to the applicable
emission regulations over its limited
emission control system warranty period.
Where a warrantable emissions condition
exists, Yanmar will repair your engine at no
charge to you for diagnosis, parts, and labor.
Warranty service or repair will be provided
at authorized Yanmar Marine dealers or
distributors.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
97
EPA WARRANTY USA ONLY
It is recommended that any replacement
parts used for maintenance, repair or
replacement of emission control systems
are Yanmar parts. The owner may elect to
have maintenance, replacement or repair of
the emission control components and
systems performed by any repair
establishment or individual and may elect to
use parts other than Yanmar parts for such
maintenance, replacement or repair.
However, the cost of such service or parts
and subsequent failures from such service
or parts will not be covered under this
emission control system warranty:
Warranty Coverage:
Repair or replacement of any warranted
parts will be performed at an authorized
Yanmar dealer or distributor. This limited
emission control system warranty covers
engine components that are a part of the
emission control system of the engine as
delivered by Yanmar to the original retail
purchaser. Such components may include
the following:
Warranty Period:
1.
2.
3.
4.
The warranty starts on either the date of
delivery to the first end-user.
Exclusions:
For Pleasure Use: The warranty period is
five (5) years or 2000 hours of use,
whichever occurs first. In the absence of a
device to measure hours of use, the engine
has a warranty period of five (5) years.
Fuel Injection System
Turbocharger System
Aftercooler
Electronic Engine Control Units and its
associated Sensor and Actuators
Failures other than those arising from
defects in material and / or workmanship are
not covered by this limited emissions
warranty. This warranty does not extend to
the following: malfunction caused by abuse,
misuse, improper adjustment, modification,
alteration, tampering, disconnection,
improper or inadequate maintenance,
improper storage or use of nonrecommended fuels and lubricating oils,
accident-caused damage, and replacement
of expendable and / or consumable items
made in connection with scheduled
maintenance.
Yanmar disclaims any responsibility for
incidental or consequential damages such
as loss of time, inconvenience, loss of use
of marine vessel / engine or commercial
loss.
98
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
EPA WARRANTY USA ONLY
Owner’s Responsibility:
Customer Assistance:
As the Yanmar Marine engine owner, you
are responsible for the performance of the
required maintenance listed in your
Operation Manual. Yanmar recommends
that you retain all documentation, including
receipts, covering maintenance on your
marine engine, but Yanmar cannot deny
warranty solely for the lack of receipts or for
your failure to ensure the performance of all
scheduled maintenance.
If you have any questions regarding your
warranty rights and responsibilities or would
like information on the nearest authorized
Yanmar dealer or distributor, you should
contact Yanmar Marine USA Corporation for
assistance.
Your engine is designed to operate on diesel
fuel only. Use of any other fuel may result in
your engine no longer operating in
compliance with applicable emission
requirements. You are responsible for
initiating the warranty process. You must
present your marine engine to an authorized
Yanmar dealer or distributor as soon as a
problem exists.
Yanmar Marine USA Corporation
101 International Parkway
Adairsville, GA 30103 USA
Telephone: 770-877-9894
Fax: 770-877-7567
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
99
Maintenance Log
Date
100
Operating
Hours
Maintenance Performed
Dealer Name
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
Stamp or
Signature
Date
Operating
Hours
Maintenance Performed
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
Dealer Name
Stamp or
Signature
101
102
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
103
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
104
6LPA Series Operation Manual
© 2007 Yanmar Marine International
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