LM324/LM324A, LM2902 Quad Operational Amplifier Features Description

www.fairchildsemi.com
LM324/LM324A, LM2902
Quad Operational Amplifier
Features
Description
• Internally Frequency Compensated for Unity Gain
• Large DC Voltage Gain: 100dB
• Wide Power Supply Range:
LM324/LM324A : 3V~32V (or ±1.5 ~ 16V)
LM2902: 3V~26V (or ±1.5V ~ 13V)
• Input Common Mode Voltage Range Includes Ground
• Large Output Voltage Swing: 0V to VCC -1.5V
• Power Drain Suitable for Battery Operation
The LM324/LM324A, LM2902 consist of four independent,
high gain, internally frequency compensated operational
amplifiers which were designed specifically to operate from
a single power supply over a wide voltage range. operation
from split power supplies is also possible so long as the
difference between the two supplies is 3 volts to 32 volts.
Application areas include transducer amplifier, DC gain
blocks and all the conventional OP Amp circuits which now
can be easily implemented in single power supply systems.
14-DIP
1
14-SOP
1
Internal Block Diagram
14 OUT4
OUT1 1
IN1 (-)
2
IN1 (+) 3
1
_ +
+
4
_
13 IN4 (-)
12 IN4 (+)
VCC 4
11 GND
IN2 (+)
5
_ +
IN2 (-)
6
2
OUT2
7
+
_
10 IN3 (+)
3
9 IN3 (-)
8 OUT3
Rev. 1.0.6
©2010 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation
LM324/LM324A, LM2902
Schematic Diagram
(One Section Only)
VCC
Q5
Q12
Q6
Q17
Q19
Q20
Q2
Q3
R1
C1
Q4
IN(-)
Q18
Q1
R2
IN(+)
Q11
OUTPUT
Q21
Q10
Q7
Q8
Q9
Q15
Q13
Q14
Q16
GND
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter
Symbol
LM324/LM324A
LM2902
Unit
VCC
±16 or 32
±13 or 26
V
VI(DIFF)
32
26
V
Input Voltage
VI
-0.3 to +32
-0.3 to +26
V
Output Short Circuit to GND
Vcc≤15V, TA=25°C(one Amp)
-
Continuous
Continuous
-
PD
1310
640
1310
640
mW
Operating Temperature Range
TOPR
0 ~ +70
-40 ~ +85
°C
Storage Temperature Range
TSTG
-65 ~ +150
-65 ~ +150
°C
Power Supply Voltage
Differential Input Voltage
Power Dissipation, TA=25°C
14-DIP
14-SOP
Thermal Data
Parameter
Thermal Resistance Junction-Ambient Max.
14-DIP
14-SOP
2
Symbol
Value
Unit
Rθja
95
195
°C/W
LM324/LM324A, LM2902
Electrical Characteristics
(VCC = 5.0V, VEE = GND, TA = 25°C, unless otherwise specified)
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Input Offset Voltage
VIO
Input Offset Current
LM324
LM2902
Unit
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Min.
Typ.
Max.
VCM = 0V to VCC -1.5V
VO(P) = 1.4V, RS = 0Ω
(Note1)
-
1.5
7.0
-
1.5
7.0
mV
IIO
VCM = 0V
-
3.0
50
-
3.0
50
nA
Input Bias Current
IBIAS
VCM = 0V
-
40
250
-
40
250
nA
Input Common-Mode
Voltage Range
VI(R)
Note1
0
-
VCC
-1.5
0
-
VCC
-1.5
V
Supply Current
ICC
RL = ∞,VCC = 30V
(LM2902,VCC=26V)
-
1.0
3
-
1.0
3
mA
RL = ∞,VCC = 5V
-
0.7
1.2
-
0.7
1.2
mA
VCC = 15V,RL=2kΩ
VO(P) = 1V to 11V
25
100
-
25
100
-
V/mV
RL = 2kΩ
26
-
-
22
-
-
V
RL=10kΩ
27
28
-
23
24
-
V
-
5
20
-
5
100
mV
Large Signal
Voltage Gain
Output Voltage Swing
GV
VO(H)
Note1
VO(L)
VCC = 5V, RL=10kΩ
Common-Mode
Rejection Ratio
CMRR
-
65
75
-
50
75
-
dB
Power Supply
Rejection Ratio
PSRR
-
65
100
-
50
100
-
dB
Channel Separation
CS
f = 1kHz to 20kHz
(Note2)
-
120
-
-
120
-
dB
Short Circuit to GND
ISC
VCC = 15V
-
40
60
-
40
60
mA
VI(+) = 1V, VI(-) = 0V
VCC = 15V, VO(P) = 2V
20
40
-
20
40
-
mA
VI(+) = 0V, VI(-) = 1V
VCC = 15V,
VO(P) = 2V
10
13
-
10
13
-
mA
VI(+) = 0V, VI(-) = 1V
VCC = 15V,
VO(R) = 200mV
12
45
-
-
-
-
μA
-
-
VCC
-
-
VCC
V
ISOURCE
Output Current
ISINK
Differential Input Voltage
VI(DIFF)
-
Note :
1. VCC=30V for LM324 , VCC = 26V for LM2902
2. This parameter, although guaranteed, is not 100% tested in production.
3
LM324/LM324A, LM2902
Electrical Characteristics (Continued)
(VCC = 5.0V, VEE = GND, unless otherwise specified)
The following specification apply over the range of 0°C ≤ TA ≤ +70°C for the LM324 ; and the -40°C ≤ TA ≤ +85°C
for the LM2902
Parameter
Input Offset Voltage
Input Offset Voltage Drift
Input Offset Current
Input Offset Current Drift
LM324
Conditions
VIO
VICM = 0V to VCC -1.5V
VO(P) = 1.4V, RS = 0Ω
(Note1)
-
-
9.0
-
-
10.0
mV
RS = 0Ω (Note2)
-
7.0
-
-
7.0
-
μV/°C
VCM = 0V
-
-
150
-
-
200
nA
RS = 0Ω (Note2)
-
10
-
-
10
-
pA/°C
ΔVIO/ΔT
IIO
ΔIIO/ΔT
Min.
Typ. Max. Min. Typ. Max.
Unit
Input Bias Current
IBIAS
VCM = 0V
-
-
500
-
-
500
nA
Input Common-Mode
Voltage Range
VI(R)
Note1
0
-
VCC
-2.0
0
-
VCC
-2.0
V
Large Signal Voltage
Gain
GV
VCC = 15V, RL = 2.0kΩ
VO(P) = 1V to 11V
15
-
-
15
-
-
V/mV
RL=2kΩ
26
-
-
22
-
-
V
RL=10kΩ
27
28
-
23
24
-
V
-
5
20
-
5
100
mV
Output Voltage Swing
VO(H)
VO(L)
Differential Input
Voltage
Note1
VCC = 5V, RL=10kΩ
ISOURCE
VI(+) = 1V, VI(-) = 0V
VCC = 15V, VO(P) = 2V
10
20
-
10
20
-
mA
ISINK
VI(+) = 0V, VI(-) = 1V
VCC = 15V, VO(P) = 2V
5
8
-
5
8
-
mA
VI(DIFF)
-
-
-
VCC
-
-
VCC
V
Output Current
Note:
1. VCC=30V for LM324 , VCC = 26V for LM2902
2. These parameters, although guaranteed, are not 100% tested in production.
4
LM2902
Symbol
LM324/LM324A, LM2902
Electrical Characteristics (Continued)
(VCC = 5.0V, VEE = GND, TA = 25°C, unless otherwise specified)
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
LM324A
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Input Offset Voltage
VIO
VCM = 0V to VCC -1.5V
VO(P) = 1.4V, RS = 0Ω
(Note1)
-
1.5
3.0
mV
Input Offset Current
IIO
VCM = 0V
-
3.0
30
nA
Input Bias Current
IBIAS
VCM = 0V
-
40
100
nA
Input Common-Mode
Voltage Range
VI(R)
VCC = 30V
0
-
VCC
-1.5
V
Supply Current
ICC
VCC = 30V, RL = ∞
-
1.5
3
mA
VCC = 5V, RL = ∞
-
0.7
1.2
mA
Large Signal Voltage Gain
GV
VCC = 15V, RL= 2kΩ
VO(P) = 1V to 11V
25
100
-
V/mV
RL = 2kΩ
26
-
-
V
RL = 10kΩ
27
28
-
V
-
5
20
mV
Output Voltage Swing
VO(H)
Note1
VO(L)
VCC = 5V, RL=10kΩ
Common-Mode Rejection Ratio
CMRR
-
65
85
-
dB
Power Supply Rejection Ratio
PSRR
-
65
100
-
dB
Channel Separation
CS
f = 1kHz to 20kHz (Note2)
-
120
-
dB
Short Circuit to GND
ISC
VCC = 15V
-
40
60
mA
VI(+) = 1V, VI(-) = 0V
VCC =15V, VO(P) = 2V
20
40
-
mA
VI(+) = 0V, VI(-) = 1V
VCC = 15V, VO(P) = 2V
10
20
-
mA
VI(+) = 0V, VI(-) = 1V
VCC = 15V, VO(P) = 200mV
12
50
-
μA
-
-
-
VCC
V
ISOURCE
Output Current
ISINK
Differential Input Voltage
VI(DIFF)
Note:
1. VCC=30V for LM324A
2. This parameter, although guaranteed, is not 100% tested in production.
5
LM324/LM324A, LM2902
Electrical Characteristics (Continued)
(VCC = 5.0V, VEE = GND, unless otherwise specified)
The following specification apply over the range of 0°C ≤ TA ≤ +70°C for the LM324A
Parameter
Input Offset Voltage
Input Offset Voltage Drift
Input Offset Current
Input Offset Current Drift
Symbol
VIO
ΔVIO/ΔT
IIO
ΔIIO/ΔT
Input Bias Current
IBIAS
Input Common-Mode Voltage
Range
VI(R)
Large Signal Voltage Gain
Output Voltage Swing
GV
Unit
Typ.
Max.
VCM = 0V to VCC -1.5V
VO(P) = 1.4V, RS = 0Ω
(Note1)
-
-
5.0
mV
RS = 0Ω (Note2)
-
7.0
30
μV/°C
VCM = 0V
-
-
75
nA
RS = 0Ω (Note2)
-
10
300
pA/°C
-
40
200
nA
Note1
0
-
VCC
-2.0
V
VCC = 15V, RL= 2.0kΩ
15
-
-
V/mV
RL = 2kΩ
26
-
-
V
RL = 10kΩ
27
28
-
V
-
5
20
mV
-
Note1
VO(L)
VCC = 5V, RL= 10kΩ
ISOURCE
VI(+) = 1V, VI(-) = 0V
VCC = 15V, VO(P) = 2V
10
20
-
mA
ISINK
VI(+) = 0V, VI(-) = 1V
VCC = 15V, VO(P) = 2V
5
8
-
mA
-
-
VCC
V
VI(DIFF)
-
Note:
1. VCC=30V for LM324A.
2. These parameters, although guaranteed, are not 100% tested in production.
6
LM324A
Min.
VO(H)
Output Current
Differential Input Voltage
Conditions
LM324/LM324A, LM2902
Typical Performance Characteristics
Supply Voltage(v)
Figure 1. Input Voltage Range vs Supply Voltage
Supply Voltage (V)
Figure 3. Supply Current vs Supply Voltage
Frequency (Hz)
Figure 5. Open Loop Frequency Response
Temperature Tj ( °C)
Figure 2. Input Current vs Temperature
Supply Voltage (V)
Figure 4. Voltage Gain vs Supply Voltage
Frequency (Hz)
Figure 6. Common mode Rejection Ratio
7
LM324/LM324A, LM2902
Typical Performance Characteristics (Continued)
8
Figure 7. Voltage Follower Pulse Response
Figure 8. Voltage Follower Pulse Response
(Small Signal)
Figure 8. Large Signal Frequency Response
Figure 9. Output Characteristics vs Current Sourcing
Figure 10. Output Characteristics vs Current Sinking
Figure 11. Current Limiting vs Temperature
LM324/LM324A, LM2902
Mechanical Dimensions
Package
Dimensions in millimeters
2.08
)
0.082
14-DIP
7.62
0.300
3.25 ±0.20
0.128 ±0.008
5.08
MAX
0.200
1.50 ±0.10
0.059 ±0.004
#8
2.54
0.100
#7
19.40 ±0.20
0.764 ±0.008
#14
19.80
MAX
0.780
#1
0.46 ±0.10
0.018 ±0.004
(
6.40 ±0.20
0.252 ±0.008
0.20
0.008 MIN
3.30 ±0.30
0.130 ±0.012
+0.10
0.25 –0.05
0~15°
+0.004
0.010 –0.002
9
LM324/LM324A, LM2902
Mechanical Dimensions (Continued)
Package
Dimensions in millimeters
14-SOP
0.05
0.002
MIN
10
MAX0.10
MAX0.004
8°
3.95 ±0.20
0.156 ±0.008
5.72
0.225
0.60 ±0.20
0.024 ±0.008
1.80
MAX
0.071
0~
+0.004
0.008 -0.002
0.20
+0.10
-0.05
6.00 ±0.30
0.236 ±0.012
0.016 -0.002
-0.05
+0.004
1.27
0.050
#8
+0.10
#7
0.406
#14
8.70
MAX
0.343
#1
8.56 ±0.20
0.337 ±0.008
(
0.47
)
0.019
1.55 ±0.10
0.061 ±0.004
LM324/LM324A, LM2902
Ordering Information
Product Number
LM324N
LM324AN
LM324M
LM324AM
Package
Operating Temperature
14-DIP
0 ~ +70°C
14-SOP
LM2902N
14-DIP
LM2902M
14-SOP
-40 ~ +85°C
11
LM324/LM324A, LM2902
DISCLAIMER
FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MAKE CHANGES WITHOUT FURTHER NOTICE TO ANY
PRODUCTS HEREIN TO IMPROVE RELIABILITY, FUNCTION OR DESIGN. FAIRCHILD DOES NOT ASSUME ANY
LIABILITY ARISING OUT OF THE APPLICATION OR USE OF ANY PRODUCT OR CIRCUIT DESCRIBED HEREIN; NEITHER
DOES IT CONVEY ANY LICENSE UNDER ITS PATENT RIGHTS, NOR THE RIGHTS OF OTHERS.
LIFE SUPPORT POLICY
FAIRCHILD’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES
OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT OF FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR
CORPORATION. As used herein:
1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems
which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body,
or (b) support or sustain life, and (c) whose failure to
perform when properly used in accordance with
instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be
reasonably expected to result in a significant injury of the
user.
2. A critical component in any component of a life support
device or system whose failure to perform can be
reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support
device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness.
www.fairchildsemi.com
9/10/10 0.0m 001
Stock#DS400002
© 2010 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation