Marmoleum Forbo Sustain Points

sustain
straight
to
the
points
creating better environments
Sustain: straight to the points
Forbo Flooring Systems’ Sustainability Policy
Introduction
As a global leader in flooring systems we have a responsibility, to all
our stakeholders, to create a better environment. The way we serve and
drive the market sets the pace and standard for world class flooring
solutions. Sustainable development and ‘creating better environments’
is an integral part of all Forbo Flooring Systems’ activities.
“Developments that meet present needs without compromising the
ability of future generations to meet their needs.”
Founded in 1928, Forbo’s first product was Linoleum - made from
renewable natural materials, fully biodegradable and environmentally
friendly, we have been at the forefront of sustainable awareness fulfillment for over 80 years. This global sustainability awareness has grown
in the last decades becoming clear that natural resource depletion and
global warming are two practices that can not continue as they have
in the past if we are to fulfill our obligations to future generations. It is
these obligations, to future generations, that we will comply to and in
doing so act as a sustainable enterprise.
•
Forbo underwrites the broad and all inclusive definition for sustainable
development as it has been accepted by the United Nations Commission on Environment and Development, General Assembly Resolution,
1987.
table of contents
Forbo’s Sustainability Policy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Marmoleum sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
MCS (sheet). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Marmoleum Dual tile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
MCT (tile). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Marmoleum Decibel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Bulletin Board. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Corkment Underlayment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Marmoleum Wall Panels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Marmoleum Click. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Desktop. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Flotex sheet & tile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Coral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Nuway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Smaragd Classic/Marble. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Eternal Wood. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Tractionstep Safety Floor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Forbo Adhesives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
ColoRex SD/EC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Forbo Wall Base. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
LEED® Beyond the Credits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
The Manufacturer’s Perspective. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Sustainable Design, Bill Reed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Design for a Whole, Gail Vittori. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
2
The starting point for sustainability in the built environment is, more often than not, LEED® or similar building rating systems.
These ratings systems focus on the various attributes of a building and provide points that, once accumulated, allow the
The United Nations’ definition of sustainability recognizes three individual dimensions that together make up a sustainable policy, they are:
building to achieve a “rating”. It is important to recognize that none of these building rating systems deal directly with
products. The focus instead is on certain attributes of products, the percentage (usually by weight) of these attributes in
the product, and finally the monetization (method of valuation) of those attributes to determine their contribution towards
The Economic Dimension: the way in which the company
organizes its position in the market place to actively develop its
sustainable profile by using its economic stability and profitability
for continuous improvement.
“points”. These product related attributes include the following categories:
• The Social Dimension: the way in which Corporate Social
Responsibility and Corporate Governance are defined and followed within the company.
• The Environmental Dimension: The way in which measures specific
to improving the environmental impact of the processes and
products of the company are regulated and executed.
Forbo Flooring Systems supports these dimensions in a constructive
and consistent manner through the following principles:
• “Compliance Plus” - a commitment to go above and beyond
Government regulations and requirements
• Integrating Sustainability considerations into all our business
decisions
• Regular monitoring of progress and review of sustainability
performance
• Commitment to continuous improvement
• Promoting Sustainability throughout our value chain, and expecting our suppliers and customers to comply with this
• Ensure that all staff is fully aware of our Sustainability Policy and are committed to implementing and improving it.
•
Recycled Content
•
Rapidly Renewable Materials
•
PBT Source Reduction
•
Acoustical Performance
•
Indoor Environmental Quality
•
Construction Waste Management
•
Regional Materials
•
Sustainable Attributes and Certifications
The following pages detail ALL Forbo Flooring Systems products and their specific contributions, by LEED® product and credit,
to the attributes listed above, measured in accordance with ISO standards and definitions and third-party validated. Finally a
monetization of these contributions is also included by product for reference.
By providing this information it is our hope to simplify the collection of points towards LEED® certifications and ensure that the
claims made are legitimate and validated. Finally, as you read on, we wish to provoke your thoughts on how to move beyond
point collection towards Silver, Gold, or Platinum ratings to a place further along the Green path, that of true sustainability.
Forbo Flooring Systems fully commits to being a sustainable partner to
all our stakeholders.
Denis Darragh
General Manager
North America / Asia - Pacific
www.forboflooringNA.com
www.forboflooringNA.com
3
Suzuki School, Atlanta, GA
photo: Jim Roof Photography
Perrysburg High School, Perrysburg, OH
photo: WB Products
material:
physical properties:
material: Marmoleum® Sheet
Real, Fresco, Striato, Vivace, Piano, Mineral, Prisma, Graphic, Dutch Design, Walton
Marmoleum® Composition Sheet (MCS)
physical properties:
recycled content:
materials & resources credit 4
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
gauge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79” (2 meters)
105 linear feet (32 linear meters)
1/10” (2.5 mm) - Marmoleum
0.080” (2.0 mm) - MCS
rapidly renewable materials: 23% by weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . linseed oil, pine rosin
materials & resources credit 6
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
rapidly renewable materials: 33% by weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . linseed oil, pine rosin, jute
materials & resources credit 6
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
ingredient
linseed oil (flax). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . tall oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . gum rosin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
wood flour. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . limestone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
pigment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
jute. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
topshield finish (water-based). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PBT source reduction: compliant
pilot credit 2
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
acoustical performance: noise reduction coefficient (NRC) ASTM C423-02a. . . . 0.05
IEQ prerequisite 3 (schools) sound absorption coefficient (SAA) ASTM C423-02a. . 0.06
sound transmission class (STC) ASTM E423-04. . . . . . 55
impact sound transmission impact insulation . . . . . . Marmoleum over a 6 inch concrete slab - IIC 27
class (IIC) ASTM E492-96
Marmoleum installed on 2.0mm Corkment
over a 6 inch concrete slab - IIC 42
Marmoleum over a wood joist construction - IIC 51
0.05
0.08
54
Marmoleum over a 6 inch concrete slab - IIC 27
Marmoleum installed on 2.0mm Corkment
over a 6 inch concrete slab - IIC 42
Marmoleum over a wood joist construction - IIC 51
indoor environmental quality: collaborative for high performance schools low emitting materials section 01350
low emitting materials (flooring systems) credit 4.3 Low Emitting Materials Table (LEM). . . . . . . . . . . . listed
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI) option 2
indoor environmental quality: adhesives meet the requirements set forth in
low emitting materials (adhesives & sealants) credit 4.1 the SCAQMD Rule #1168. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forbo T-940, Forbo MT 855
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
regional material: manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . facility: Forbo-Nairn Ltd.
materials & resources credit 5
Kirkcaldy, Fife, Great Britain
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
regional extraction/process:
regional material: manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . facility: Forbo Flooring B.V.
materials & resources credit 5
Assendelft, The Netherlands
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
regional extraction/process:
size . . . . . . . 13” x 13” approx. (33 cm x 33 cm)
gauge. . . . . . 0.080” (2.0 mm)
pre-consumer (post-industrial)* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46.5% (wood flour, tall oil)
post-consumer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0%
indoor environmental quality: collaborative for high performance schools low emitting materials section 01350
low emitting materials (flooring systems) credit 4.3 Low Emitting Materials Table (LEM). . . . . . . . . . . . listed
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI) option 2
indoor environmental quality: adhesives meet the requirements set forth in
low emitting materials (adhesives & sealants) credit 4.1 the SCAQMD Rule #1168. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forbo L-910, Forbo MS 855, weld rod
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
construction waste management: compostable jobsite scraps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . check with Forbo for available markets
materials & resources credit 2 packaging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100% recyclable
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
size . . . . . . . 13” x 13” approx. (33 cm x 33 cm)
20” x 20” approx. (50 cm x 50 cm)
gauge. . . . . 1/10” (2.5 mm)
recycled content: pre-consumer (post-industrial)* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46.5% (wood flour, tall oil)
materials & resources credit 4 post-consumer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0%
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
acoustical performance: noise reduction coefficient (NRC) ASTM C423-02a. . . .
IEQ prerequisite 3 (schools) sound absorption coefficient (SAA) ASTM C423-02a. . .
sound transmission class (STC) ASTM E423-04. . . . . . impact sound transmission impact insulation . . . . . . class (IIC) ASTM E492-96
Marmoleum® Composition Tile (MCT)
PBT source reduction: compliant
pilot credit 2: 1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
Marmoleum® Dual Tile extraction location
Canada
United States
Indonesia
Germany
Germany
Germany
India, Bangladesh
The Netherlands
ingredient
extraction location
linseed oil (flax). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Canada
tall oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United States
gum rosin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indonesia
wood flour. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
limestone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
pigment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
glass backing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom
topshield finish (water-based). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Netherlands
sustainable attributes: 92% bio-based content (Radiocarbon Analyses conducted by Iowa State University, January 30, 2009)
innovation & design: SMaRT© Sustainable Products Standard. . . . . . . . . . platinum level certification
sustainable certifications
see Forbo sales rep for details
1 point
sustainable attributes: 100% bio-based content (Radiocarbon Analyses conducted by Iowa State University, January 30, 2009)
innovation & design: SMaRT© Sustainable Products Standard. . . . . . . . . . . platinum level certification
sustainable certifications - 1 point see Forbo sales rep for details
* recycled content calculated following Federal Trade Commission (FTC) –Part 260 - GUIDES FOR THE USE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS (wood flour, tall oil)
* recycled content materials shall be defined in accordance with the International Organization of Standards document, ISO 14021 - environmental labels and declarations - self-declared environmental claims (type II environmental)
* recycled content calculated following Federal Trade Commission (FTC) –Part 260 - GUIDES FOR THE USE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS (wood flour, tall oil)
* recycled content materials shall be defined in accordance with the International Organization of Standards document, ISO 14021 - environmental labels and declarations - self-declared environmental claims (type II environmental)
4
note: information is based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data • www.forboflooringNA.com
note: information is based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data • www.forboflooringNA.com
5
material: Marmoleum® Decibel
Bulletin Board®
Corkment Underlayment
physical properties: width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79” (2 meters)
length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 linear feet (32 linear meters)
gauge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.137” (3.5 mm)
material:
physical properties:
recycled content: pre-consumer (post-industrial)*. . . . . . . . . 41.7% (wood flour, tall oil)
materials & resources credit 4 post-consumer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0%
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
recycled content: pre-consumer (post-industrial)*. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41.5% (cork, tall oil) - Bulletin Board
materials & resources credit 4 pre-consumer (post-industrial)*. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30% (cork, tall oil) - Corkment Underlayment
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI) post-consumer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0%
rapidly renewable materials: 27.5% by weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . linseed oil, pine rosin, jute
materials & resources credit 6
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
rapidly renewable materials: 87% by weight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . linseed oil, pine rosin, cork, jute - Bulletin Board
materials & resources credit 6 83% by weight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . linseed oil, pine rosin, cork, jute - Corkment Underlayment
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
PBT source reduction: compliant
pilot credit 2
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
acoustical performance: noise reduction coefficient (NRC) ASTM C423-02a . . . 0.05
IEQ prerequisite 3 (schools) sound absorption coefficient (SAA) ASTM C423-02a. . 0.05
sound transmission class (STC) ASTM E423-04. . . . . 55
indoor environmental quality: collaborative for high performance schools low emitting materials section 01350
low emitting materials (flooring systems) credit 4.3 Low Emitting Materials Table (LEM) . . . . . . . . . . . listed
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI) option 2
indoor environmental quality: adhesives meet the requirements set forth in
low emitting materials (adhesives & sealants) credit 4.1 the SCAQMD Rule #1168. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forbo L-910
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
construction waste management: compostable jobsite scraps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . check with Forbo for available markets
materials & resources credit 2 packaging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100% recyclable
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
indoor environmental quality: collaborative for high performance schools low emitting materials section 01350
low emitting materials (flooring systems) credit 4.3 Low Emitting Materials Table (LEM). . . . . . listed
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI) option 2
indoor environmental quality: adhesives meet the requirements set forth in
low emitting materials (adhesives & sealants) credit 4.1 the SCAQMD Rule #1168. . . . . . . . . . . . . Forbo T-940, Forbo MT 885, weld rod
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
regional material: manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . facility: Forbo-Nairn Ltd.
materials & resources credit 5
Kirkcaldy, Fife, Great Britain
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
regional extraction/process:
ingredient extraction location
linseed oil (flax). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Canada
tall oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United States
gum rosin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indonesia
wood flour. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
limestone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
pigment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
jute. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . India, Bangladesh
polyolefin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Netherlands
topshield finish (water-based). . . . . . . . . . .The Netherlands
innovation & design: SMaRT© Sustainable Products Standard . . . . platinum level certification
sustainable certifications
see Forbo sales rep for details
1 point
* recycled content calculated following Federal Trade Commission (FTC) –Part 260 - GUIDES FOR THE USE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS (wood flour, tall oil)
* recycled content materials shall be defined in accordance with the International Organization of Standards document, ISO 14021 - environmental labels and declarations - self-declared environmental claims (type II environmental)
6
note: information is based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data • www.forboflooringNA.com
regional material: manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . facility: Forbo Flooring B.V.
materials & resources credit 5 Assendelft, The Netherlands
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
regional extraction/process:
sustainable attributes:
sustainable attributes: 89.5% bio-based content (Radiocarbon Analyses conducted by Iowa State University, January 30, 2009)
PBT source reduction: compliant
pilot credit 2
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
acoustical performance: noise reduction coefficient (NRC) ASTM C423-02a. . . . 0.05
IEQ prerequisite 3 (schools) sound absorption coefficient (SAA) ASTM C423-02a . . 0.05
sound transmission class (STC) ASTM E423-04. . . . . . 53
impact sound transmission impact insulation .. . . . . Marmoleum decibel over a 6 inch concrete slab - IIC 48
class (IIC) ASTM E492-96
Marmoleum decibel over a 6 inch concrete slab,
including a ceiling plenum - IIC 60
Marmoleum decibel over a wood joist construction - IIC 53
width. . . . . 48” (122 cm) or 72” (183 cm)
width. . . . 79” (200 cm)
length . . . . 90 linear feet approx. (27 linear meters) length . . . 105 linear feet approx. (32 linear meters)
gauge. . . . 0.25” (6.0 mm)
gauge. . . . 0.080” (2.0 mm), 1/8” (3.2 mm)
ingredient. extraction location
linseed oil (flax). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Canada
tall oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United States
gum rosin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indonesia
wood flour. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
cork granulate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Portugal
limestone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
pigment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
jute. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . India, Bangladesh
water-based ETC finish. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Netherlands
100% bio-based content (Radiocarbon Analyses conducted by Iowa State University, January 30, 2009)
innovation & design: SMaRT© Sustainable Products Standard. . . . . . . . . . . platinum level certification
sustainable certifications see Forbo sales rep for details
1 point
* recycled content calculated following Federal Trade Commission (FTC) –Part 260 - GUIDES FOR THE USE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS (wood flour, tall oil)
* recycled content materials shall be defined in accordance with the International Organization of Standards document, ISO 14021 - environmental labels and declarations - self-declared environmental claims (type II environmental)
note: information is based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data • www.forboflooringNA.com
7
material: Marmoleum® Sustain Wall Panel
material:
physical properties:
physical properties: panel sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38” x 96” for material that will run horizontal
48” x 78” for material that will run vertical
panel thickness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.36” approx.
recycled content: pre-consumer (post-industrial)* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77% (wood flour, tall oil)
materials & resources credit 4 post-consumer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0%
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
rapidly renewable materials: 10.7% by weight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . linseed oil, pine rosin, jute
materials & resources credit 6
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
PBT source reduction: compliant
pilot credit 2
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
regional material: manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
materials & resources credit 5
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
regional extraction/process: ingredient Marmoleum sheet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MDF Backer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Phenolic Backer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . extraction location
The Netherlands
Arkansas, USA
Texas, USA
recycled content: pre-consumer (post-industrial)*. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78.0% (wood flour, tall oil)
materials & resources credit 4 post-consumer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0%
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
rapidly renewable materials: 8.3% by weight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . linseed oil, pine rosin, jute
materials & resources credit 6
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
sustainable attributes: 95% bio-based content (Radiocarbon Analyses conducted by Iowa State University, January 30, 2009)
Carb Phase 2 Emission Standard
* recycled content calculated following Federal Trade Commission (FTC) –Part 260 - GUIDES FOR THE USE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS (wood flour, tall oil)
* recycled content materials shall be defined in accordance with the International Organization of Standards document, ISO 14021 - environmental labels and declarations - self-declared environmental claims (type II environmental)
note: information is based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data • www.forboflooringNA.com
PBT source reduction: compliant
pilot credit 2
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
indoor environmental quality: collaborative for high performance schools low emitting materials section 01350
low emitting materials (flooring systems) credit 4.3 Low Emitting Materials Table (LEM). . . . . . . . . . . listed
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI) option 2
regional material: manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . factory: Boxler GmbH & Co KG
materials & resources credit 5 Germany
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
sustainable attributes: 98% bio-based content (Radiocarbon Analyses conducted by Iowa State University, January 30, 2009)
Carb Phase 2 Emission Standard
innovation & design: SMaRT© Sustainable Products Standard. . . . . . . . . . platinum level certification
sustainable certifications see Forbo sales rep for details
1 point
8
approx. 12” x 36” (300 mm x 900 mm)
approx. 12” x 12” (300 mm x 300 mm)
9.8 mm
2 mm Marmoleum
6.8 mm HDF
1 mm cork
acoustical performance: Marmoleum Click with Vapor Barrier:
IEQ prerequisite 3 (schools) noise reduction coefficient (NRC) ASTM C423-02a. . . . 0.05
sound absorption coefficient (SAA) ASTM C423-02a . . . 0.04
sound transmission class (STC) ASTM E423-04. . . . . . . 53
impact sound transmission impact insulation . . . . . marmoleum click over a 6 inch concrete slab - IIC 49
class (IIC) ASTM E492-96
marmoleum click with a vapor barrier over a 6 inch
concrete slab including a ceiling plenum - IIC 58
marmoleum click over a wood joist construction - IIC 53
facility: Laminate Works Inc.
Dallas, TX, USA
regional specific: The use of Forbo products can help with some Regional Priority Credits.
environmental priority Please contact Forbo for specifics as it relates to your project.
regional bonus credit 1.1-1.4
1-4 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
panel dimensions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
square dimensions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
total thickness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
surface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
base material. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
backing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
indoor environmental quality: collaborative for high performance schools low emitting materials section 01350
low emitting materials (flooring systems) credit 4.3 Low Emitting Materials Table (LEM). . . . . . . . . . . listed
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI) option 2
Marmoleum® Click
innovation & design: SMaRT© Sustainable Products Standard . . . . . . . . . platinum level certification
sustainable certifications
see Forbo sales rep for details
1 point
* recycled content calculated following Federal Trade Commission (FTC) –Part 260 - GUIDES FOR THE USE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS (wood flour, tall oil)
* recycled content materials shall be defined in accordance with the International Organization of Standards document, ISO 14021 - environmental labels and declarations - self-declared environmental claims (type II environmental)
note: information is based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data • www.forboflooringNA.com
9
material: DeskTop
material: Flotex® Sheet
Berlin, Calgary, Dakota, Journeys, Manila, Montana, Samba, Senya, Vienna, Collage,
Field, Grid, Network, Vector
physical properties: width . . . . . 79” (2 meters)
length . . . . . 98’4” (30 meters)
gauge. . . . . 0.17” (4.3 mm)
recycled content:
materials & resources credit 4 pre-consumer (post-industrial)* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
post-consumer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
physical properties: width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72” (183 cm)
length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 linear feet approx. (31 linear meters)
gauge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.080” (2.0 mm)
recycled content: pre-consumer (post-industrial)*. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30.5% (wood flour, tall oil)
materials & resources credit 4 post-consumer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0%
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
rapidly renewable materials: 29% by weight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . linseed oil, pine rosin
materials & resources credit 6
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
PBT source reduction: compliant
pilot credit 2
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
tile size. . . . 20” x 20” approx. (50 cm x 50 cm)
gauge. . . . . 0.21” (5.3 mm)
43% (Flotex tile)
0% (Flotex sheet)
0%
construction waste mgmt.: Flotex Sheet and Flotex Tile:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . reclamation/recycling via CARE
materials & resources credit 2
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
indoor environmental quality: collaborative for high performance schools low emitting materials section 01350
low emitting materials (flooring systems) credit 4.3 Low Emitting Materials Table (LEM). . . . . . . . . . . . listed
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI) option 2
indoor environmental quality: adhesives meet the requirements set forth in
low emitting materials (adhesives & sealants) credit 4.1 the SCAQMD Rule #1168. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forbo FRS 920 or V-885 (sheet adhesive)
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
Forbo FRT 950 (tile adhesive)
regional material: manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . facility: Forbo Flooring B.V.
materials & resources credit 5
Assendelft, The Netherlands
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
regional extraction/process:
Integrity, Montana, Palma, Penang,
Samba, Samoa, Senya, Seoul, Silica, Oslo
acoustical performance: noise reduction coefficient (NRC) ASTM C423-02a . . . . 0.10 (sheet) / 0.10 (tile)
IEQ prerequisite 3 (schools) sound absorption coefficient (SAA) ASTM C423-02a. . . 0.07 (sheet) / 0.08 (tile)
sound transmission class (STC) ASTM E423-04. . . . . . 54
indoor environmental quality: collaborative for high performance schools low emitting materials section 01350
low emitting materials (flooring systems) credit 4.3 Low Emitting Materials Table (LEM). . . . . . . . . . . . listed
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI) option 2
indoor environmental quality: adhesives meet the requirements set forth in
low emitting materials (adhesives & sealants) credit 4.1 the SCAQMD Rule #1168. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forbo L-910
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
Flotex® Tiles
ingredient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . extraction location
linseed oil (flax). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Canada
tall oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United States
gum rosin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indonesia
wood flour. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
limestone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
pigments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
paper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
water-based finish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Netherlands
regional materials: manufacturing: Flotex Sheet Conventional. . . . . . . . . Forbo Flooring UK Ltd., Ripley, United Kingdom
materials & resources credit 5 manufacturing: Flotex Sheet HD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forbo Flooring, Chateau Renault, France
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI) manufacturing: Flotex Tile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forbo Flooring UK Ltd., Ripley, United Kingdom
regional extraction/process:
sustainable attributes: 100% bio-based content (Radiocarbon Analyses conducted by Iowa State University, January 30, 2009)
innovation & design: SMaRT© Sustainable Products Standard. . . . . . . . . . . platinum level certification
sustainable certifications see Forbo sales rep for details
1 point
ingredient .
extraction location
recycled backing (Flotex tile only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom
PVC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
plasticizer (Flotex sheet only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Belgium
chalk filler. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom
polyamide 6.6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . France
glass tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Netherlands
masterbatch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom
glass net. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom
polyester cellulose fleece. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sweden
flame retardant filler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom
bonding agent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom
stabilizer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Italy
antimony trioxide mix. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom
anti-static agent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Italy
* recycled content calculated following Federal Trade Commission (FTC) –Part 260 - GUIDES FOR THE USE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS (wood flour, tall oil)
* recycled content materials shall be defined in accordance with the International Organization of Standards document, ISO 14021 - environmental labels and declarations - self-declared environmental claims (type II environmental)
10
note: information is based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data • www.forboflooringNA.com
* recycled content calculated following Federal Trade Commission (FTC) –Part 260 - GUIDES FOR THE USE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS
* recycled content materials shall be defined in accordance with the International Organization of Standards document, ISO 14021 - environmental labels and declarations - self-declared environmental claims (type II environmental)
note: information is based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data • www.forboflooringNA.com
11
material: Coral® Brush Activ, Duo
physical properties: Coral Brush Activ, Duo
roll width . . . . 78.74” (2 meters)
roll length . . . 90.22 feet (27.5 meters)
gauge . . . . . . 0.394” (10 mm)
pile thickness. . 0.276” (7 mm) Tuftiguard, Tuftiguard HD, Grid
Nuway Tuftiguard
application.. . . . . internal and external
(using Plain unbuffed wiper)
wiper strips. . . . . pile - standard colors
scraper bars . . . . aluminum & PVC standard colors
height. . . . . . . . 12 mm and 17 mm
wiper strips . . . . single and double
construction. . . . open and closed
material:
physical properties:
Nuway®
Nuway Tuftiguard HD
application. . . . . internal and external
(using Plain unbuffed wiper)
wiper strips. . . . . pile - standard colors
scraper bars . . . . aluminum
height. . . . . . . . 12 mm and 17 mm
wiper strips. . . . . double only
construction. . . . closed only
indoor environmental quality: Coral and Nuway
indoor chemical & pollutant source control
credit 5 (NC, schools, CS, CI)
construction waste mgmt.: Coral. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . reclamation/recycling via CARE
materials & resources credit 2, Nuway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . aluminum & rubber recycled locally
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
regional material: manufacturing: Coral. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . facility: Forbo Flooring Coral N.V., Krommenie, The Netherlands
materials & resources credit 5
Nuway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . facility: Forbo Flooring UK Limited, Telford, United Kingdom
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
regional extraction/process:
12
Coral
solution dyed PA 6 . . . . . Germany
aqueous dyed PA 6.6. . . . France
aqueous dyed PA 6.6. . . . The Netherlands
aqueous dyed PES. . . . . The Netherlands
backing. . . . . . . . . . . . The Netherlands
PVC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
limestone. . . . . . . . . . . Germany
plasticizer. . . . . . . . . . . The Netherlands
colorpaste. . . .. . . . . . . France
Nuway Grid
aluminum carrier. . . . . textile. . . . . . . . . . . . .
fill in profiles. . . . . . . . connecting strip. . . . . . width. . . . . . 79” (2 meters)
length. . . . . 82’ (25 meters)
gauge. . . . . 0.090” (2.2 mm)
regional material: manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . facility: Forbo-Novilon BV
materials & resources credit 5
Coevorden, The Netherlands
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
ingredient extraction location
PVC emulsion resin A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . France
PVC emulsion resin B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
PVC emulsion resin C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
PVC suspension resin A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Belgium
PVC suspension resin B. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
PVC suspension resin C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hungary
plasticizer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
plasticizer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Estonia
alkyl benzoate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Belgium
carboxylic acid esters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
CaCO3 (calcium carbonate). . . . . . . . . . . . . Norway
stabilizer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom
stabilizer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Italy
fatty acid ester . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom
azodicarbonamide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indonesia
titanium dioxide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
PU resin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Netherlands
glass tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Netherlands
water-based printing inks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Belgium
Spain/China
The Netherlands
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Nuway Tuftiguard, Tuftiguard HD
aluminum scrapers. . . . Spain/China
galvanized steel wire. . . United Kingdom
tyre cord material. . . . . Luxembourg
* recycled content calculated following Federal Trade Commission (FTC) –Part 260 - GUIDES FOR THE USE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS
* recycled content materials shall be defined in accordance with the International Organization of Standards document, ISO 14021 - environmental labels and declarations - self-declared environmental claims (type II environmental)
note: information is based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data • www.forboflooringNA.com
width . . . . . 79” (2 meters)
length . . . . . 82’ (25 meters)
gauge. . . . . 0.080” (2.0 mm)
recycled content: pre-consumer (post-industrial)*. . . . . . . . . . 15.0% (obsolete material)
materials & resources credit 4 post-consumer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0%
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
regional extraction/process:
indoor environmental quality: adhesives meet the requirements set forth in
low emitting materials (adhesives & sealants) credit 4.1 the SCAQMD Rule #1168. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forbo FRS 920, V-885 (Coral)
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
indoor environmental quality: Coral
low emitting materials
credit 4.3 (NC, schools, CS, CI)
Eternal Wood
indoor environmental quality: collaborative for high performance schools low emitting materials section 01350
low emitting materials (flooring systems) credit 4.3 Low Emitting Materials Table (LEM). . . . . . listed
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI) option 2
indoor environmental quality: adhesives meet the requirements set forth in
low emitting materials (adhesives & sealants) credit 4.1 the SCAQMD Rule #1168 . . . . . . . . . . . . Forbo V-920, V-885, 660, weld rod
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
Nuway Grid
application. . . . . internal and external (using rubber inset)
module width . . . maximum 3000 mm
module depth. . . maximum 750 mm
height. . . . . . . . rubber: 19 mm, burford: 24 mm
. . classic: 23 mm, brush activ: 23 mm
recycled content: pre-consumer (post-industrial)* . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6% - 9.7% Nuway Tuftiguard, Tuftiguard HD
materials & resources credit 4
15.6% Nuway Grid
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
0% Coral
post-consumer.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.9% - 29% Nuway Tuftiguard, Tuftiguard HD
46.8% Nuway Grid
0% Coral
Smaragd® Classic and Marble
* recycled content calculated following Federal Trade Commission (FTC) –Part 260 - GUIDES FOR THE USE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS
* recycled content materials shall be defined in accordance with the International Organization of Standards document, ISO 14021 - environmental labels and declarations - self-declared environmental claims (type II environmental)
note: information is based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data • www.forboflooringNA.com
13
forbo adhesives
material:
physical properties:
Tractionstep® Safety Floor
width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79” (2 meters)
length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82’ (25 meters)
gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.080” (2.0 mm)
material: ColoRex® SD/EC
physical properties: tile size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24.2” x 24.2” approx. (61.5 cm x 61.5 cm)
gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.080” (2.0 mm)
recycled content: pre-consumer (post-industrial)*. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.0% (obsolete material)
materials & resources credit 4 post-consumer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0%
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
indoor environmental quality: collaborative for high performance schools low emitting materials section 01350
low emitting materials (flooring systems) credit 4.3 Low Emitting Materials Table (LEM) . . . . . . . . . . listed
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI) option 2
indoor environmental quality: adhesives meet the requirements set forth in
low emitting materials (adhesives & sealants) credit 4.1 the SCAQMD Rule #1168 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forbo C-930
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
indoor environmental quality: collaborative for high performance schools low emitting materials section 01350
low emitting materials (flooring systems) credit 4.3 Low Emitting Materials Table (LEM) . . . . . . . . . . . listed
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI) option 2
indoor environmental quality: adhesives meet the requirements set forth in
low emitting materials (adhesives & sealants) credit 4.1 the SCAQMD Rule #1168. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forbo V-920, V-885, 660
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
regional material: manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . facility: Forbo-Novilon BV
materials & resources credit 5
Coevorden, The Netherlands
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
regional extraction/process:
material:
recycled content:
materials & resources credit 4
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
ingredient
extraction location
PVC emulsion resin A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . France
PVC emulsion resin B. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
PVC emulsion resin C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
PVC suspension resin A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Belgium
PVC suspension resin B. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
PVC suspension resin C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hungary
plasticizer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
plasticizer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Estonia
alkyl benzoate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Belgium
carboxylic acid esters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
CaCO3 (calcium carbonate). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Norway
stabilizer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom
stabilizer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Italy
fatty acid ester. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom
azodicarbonamide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indonesia
titanium dioxide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Germany
PU resin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Netherlands
glass tissue. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Netherlands
carborandum granuals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Netherlands
ingredient
PVC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
plasticizer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
titanium oxide (TiO2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CaCO3 (calcium carbonate) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
stabilizer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
binder (chip coating) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
masterbatch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
lubrificants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
conductive element . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
material:
physical properties:
Forbo Wall Base
feet per carton. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
style. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
facility: Forbo Guibiasco SA
Guibiasco, Switzerland
extraction location
Germany
France
Germany
Italy
Italy
Germany
Italy
Italy
Belgium
4” wall base = 120 linear feet per carton
6” wall base = 96 linear feet per carton
1/8”
cove or straight toe
recycled content: pre-consumer (post-industrial)* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32.0%
materials & resources credit 4 post-consumer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0%
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
Forbo Adhesives
indoor environmental quality: adhesives meet the requirements set forth in
low emitting materials (adhesives & sealants) credit 4.1 the SCAQMD Rule #1168. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forbo Wall Base Adhesive
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
pre-consumer (post-industrial)*. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0%
post-consumer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0%
L-910, T-940, V-920, C-930, MS-885, MT-885, 660, V-885, Forbo Wall Base Adhesive
FRS-920, FRT-950
regional material: manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . facility: Para Chem
materials & resources credit 5
Simpsonville, SC, USA
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI) Forbo 660 adhesive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . facility: Helmitin, Inc., Olive Branch, MS, US
note: information is based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data • www.forboflooringNA.com
regional materials: manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . facility: VPI Corporation
materials & resources credit 5
Sheboygan, WI
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
regional extraction/process:
* recycled content calculated following Federal Trade Commission (FTC) –Part
260 - GUIDES FOR THE USE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS
* recycled content materials shall be defined in accordance with the Interna
tional Organization of Standards document, ISO 14021 - environmental labels
and declarations - self-declared environmental claims (type II environmental)
* recycled content calculated following Federal Trade Commission (FTC) –Part 260 - GUIDES FOR THE USE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS
* recycled content materials shall be defined in accordance with the International Organization of Standards document, ISO 14021 - environmental labels and declarations - self-declared environmental claims (type II environmental)
14
regional materials: manufacturing
materials & resources credit 5
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
regional extraction/process:
indoor environmental quality: adhesives meet the requirements set forth in the SCAQMD Rule #1168
low emitting materials (adhesives & sealants) credit 4.1
1 point (NC, schools, CS, CI)
recycled content: pre-consumer (post-industrial)* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36.0%
materials & resources credit 4 post-consumer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0%
1-2 points (NC, schools, CS, CI)
ingredient
resin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
epoxidized soybean oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
wax. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
titanium oxide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
thermoplastic rubber. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
plasticizer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
stabilizer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
clay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
stearic acid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
extraction location
Mississippi, United States
Minnesota, United States
North Carolina, United States
Michigan, United States
Mexico
Louisiana, United States
Indiana, United States
Georgia, United States
Illinois, United States
note: information is based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data • www.forboflooringNA.com
15
LEED® beyond the credits
USGBC answers the question “Can products be certified under LEED®?”
this way:
Forbo is a founding organizational member of the USGBC and
supports the LEED® green building certification program as a
voluntary, consensus-based national rating system for buildings
designed, constructed and operated for improved environmental
and human health performance.
Many manufacturers think that listing the LEED® credits that they contribute to, or in some cases “think” they contribute to is enough. On the surface, this
can make many products look to be equally suited for these LEED® projects. That is not necessarily the case when it comes to those LEED® credits that are
financially based, such as Materials & Resource credits that involve Recycled Content and Rapidly Renewable Materials.
The chart below offers a comparison of financial contribution for various materials based on an average project. The chart includes the approximate total
contribution along with an approximate contribution per square foot. The pricing is based on average sell price of material including contractor mark up for
material only. Your contribution could be different depending on variables such as sell price, contractor markup, GC markup and aggressiveness of the
bidding environment.
No, LEED® applies to green building projects. Individual products can
contribute to points under the certification system; LEED® criteria are
performance-based. In attempting to meet these requirements, LEED®
practitioners identify products that have desired attributes.
However, some LEED® criteria require specific product
data as part of a successful submittal.
Just because a product brochure or tradeshow booth displays the
USGBC logo, it does NOT mean that the product or service is
endorsed by the USGBC, or that it is certified under any LEED®
certification systems.
This chart is only meant as a guideline and final contribution will be determined as part of the submittal process based on the above
variables for your actual project.
Materials & Resources Credit 6
1 point (NC, Schools, CS, CI)
Rapidly Renewable Materials
Materials & Resources Credit 4
1-2 points (NC, Schools, CS, CI)
Recycled Content
pre-consumer
percentage
post-consumer
total
contribution
percentage
total
contribution
Materials & Resources
Credit 4 & Credit 6
Recycled Content + Rapidly Renewable Materials
pre- & post-consumer
total
contribution
contribution
per ft2
percentage
total
contribution
contribution
per ft2
total
contribution
contribution
per ft2
average project size
Marmoleum Sheet 46.5%
$5,623 - $6,372
0.0%
$0
$5,623 - $6,372
$0.56 - $0.64
33.0%
$7,980 - $9,040
$0.80 - $0.90
$13,603 - $15,417
$1.36 - $1.54
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
Marmoleum Composition Sheet (MCS)
46.5%
$4,772 - $5,408
0.0%
$0
$4,772 - $5,408
$0.48 - $0.54
33.0%
$6,773 - $7,676
$0.68 - $0.77
$11,544 - $13,083
$1.15 - $1.31
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
Marmoleum Decibel
41.7%
$8,613 -$9,761
0.0%
$0
$8,613 -$9,761
$0.86 - $0.98
27.5%
$11,359 - $12,874
$1.14 - $1.29
$19,972 - $22,635
$2.00 - $2.26
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
Generic: Sheet Vinyl
5.0%
$663 - $752
0.0%
$0
$663 - $752
$0.07 - $0.08
0.0%
$0
$0
$663 - $752
$0.07 - $0.08
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
Forbo Smaragd/Tractionstep
15.0%
$1,990 - $2,255
0.0%
$0
$1,990 - $2,255
$0.20 - $0.23
0.0%
$0
$0
$1,990 - $ 2,255
$0.20 - $0.23
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
Forbo Eternal
15.0%
$1,990 - $2,255
0.0%
$0
$1,990 - $2,255
$0.20 - $0.23
0.0%
$0
$0
$1,990 - $ 2,255
$0.20 - $0.23
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
5.0%
$950 - $1,077
0.0%
$0
$950 - $1,077
$0.10 - $0.11
10%
$3800 - $4,307
$0.38 - $0.43
$4,750 - $5,383
$0.48 - $0.54
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
Generic: Rubber Sheet Flooring
Forbo Flotex Sheet
0.0%
$0
0.0%
$0
$0
$0.00 - $0.00
0.0%
$0
$0
$0
$0
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
Generic Carpet
5.0%
$974 - $1,103
2.0%
$779 - $883
$1,558 - $1,986
$0.18 - $0.20
0.0%
$0
$0
$1,558 - $1,986
$0.18 - $0.20
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
Forbo Flotex Tile
43.0%
$8,372 - $9,489
0.0%
$0
$8,372 - $9,489
$0.84 - $0.95
0.0%
$0
$0
$8,372 - $9,489
$0.84 - $0.95
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
Generic Carpet Tile
15.0%
$2,446 - $2,772
2.0%
$652 - $739
$2,446 - $2,772
$0.31 - $0.35
0.0%
$0
$0
$2,446 - $2,772
$0.31 - $0.35
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
Dual Tile, 46.5%
$8,835 - $10,013
0.0%
$0
$8,835 - $10,013
$0.88 - $1.00
23.0%
$8,740 - $9,905
$0.87 - $0.99
$17,575 - $19,918
$1.76 - 1.99
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
Marmoleum Composition Tile (MCT)
46.5%
$5,443 - $6,169
0.0%
$0
$5,443 - $6,169
$0.54 - $0.62
23.0%
$5,385 - $6,103
$0.54 - $0.61
$10,828 - $12,272
$1.08 - $1.23
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
Marmoleum Click 2
78.0%
$17,848 - $20,228
0.0%
$0
$17,848 - $20,228
$1.78 - $2.02
8.3%
$3,798 - $4,305
$0.38 - $0.43
$21,647 - $24,523
$2.16 - $2.45
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
Forbo Colorex ESD Tile
36.0%
$6,662 - $7,800
0.0%
$0
$6,662 - $7,800
$0.69 - $0.78
0.0%
$0
$0.00 - $0.00
$6,662 - $7,800
$0.67 - $0.78
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
Generic VCT
5.0%
$191 - $217
0.0%
$0
$191 - $217
$0.02 - $0.02
0.0%
$0
$0
$191 - $217
$0.02
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
Generic: Rubber Tile Flooring
5.0%
$950 - $1,077
0.0%
$0
$950 - $1,077
$0.10 - $0.11
10%
$3,800 - $4,307
$0.38 - $0.43
$4,750 - $5,383
$0.48 - $0.54
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
10.0%
$1,171 - $1,327
0.0%
$0
$1,171 - $1,327
$0.12 - $0.13
2%
$468 - $531
$0.05 - $0.05
$1,639 - $1,857
$0.16 - $0.19
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
Generic: BioBased Tile
Forbo Entrance Systems: Nuway
6.0%
$191 - $216
17.9%
$1,137 - $1,289
$1,328 - $1,505
$11.06 - $12.54
0.0%
$0
$0
$1,328 - $1,505
$11.07 - $12.84
based on 120 ft2 average project
Forbo Entrance Systems: Nuway HD
9.7%
$431 - $489
29.0%
$2,579 - $2,923
$3,011 - $3,412
$25.09 - $28.43
0.0%
$0
$0
$3,011 - $3,412
$25.09 - $28.43
based on 120 ft2 average project
Forbo Entrance Systems: Grid
15.6%
$374 - $429
46.8%
$2,246 - $2,546
$2,621 - $2,970
$21.84 - $24.75
0.0%
$0
$0
$2,621 - $2,970
$21.84 - $24.75
based on 120 ft2 average project
Forbo Entrance Systems: Coral
0.0%
$0
0.0%
$0
$0
$0
0.0%
$0
$0
$0
$0
based on 120 ft2 average project
16
Forbo Wall Base
32.0%
$59 - $67
0.0%
$0
$59 - $67
$0.10 - $0.11
0.0%
$0
$0
$59 - $67
$0.10 - $0.11
based on 600 lin. ft. average project
Marmoleum Plains: Bulletin Board Cork
41.5%
$1,497 - $1,697
0.0%
$0
$1,497 - $1,697
$0.94 - $1.06
87.0%
$6,278 - $7,115
$3.92 - $4.45
$7,775 - $8,812
$4.86 - $5.51
based on 1,600 ft2 average project
Marmoleum Wall Panels 77.0%
$5,011- $5,680
0.0%
$0
$5,011- $5,680
$2.09 - $2.37
10.7%
$1,393 - $1,578
$0.58 - $0.66
$6,404 - $7,258
$2.67 - $3.02
based on 2,400 ft2 average project
Marmoleum Plains: Desk Top
30.5%
$36 - $41
0.0%
$0
$36 - $41
$0.30 - $.034
29.0%
$69 - $78
$0.58 - $0.65
$105 - $119
$0.88 - $0.99
based on 120 ft2 average project
Corkment Underlayment
30.0%
$2,529 - $2,867
0.0%
$0
$2,529 - $2,867
$0.25 - $0.29
83.0%
$13,996 - 15,862
$1.40 - $1.59
$16,525 - $18,729
$1.65 - $1.87
based on 10,000 ft2 average project
note: information is based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data • www.forboflooringNA.com
note: information is based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data • www.forboflooringNA.com
17
the manufacturer’s perspective
Products with Sustainable Attributes vs. Sustainable Products vs. Sustainable Manufacturers
LEED®, the leading rating system globally for the design and construction of more sustainable buildings, has spawned an era whereby
Further, Forbo strives to be a “sustainable manufacturer”. We do not want to be a manufacturer that has one product platform
manufacturer’s product design & development, and even more unfortunate, marketing, has been driven (sometimes erroneously) by the
(i.e. Marmoleum) that is sustainable, but rather one that recognizes that our entire product portfolio has to have the best environmental
need to “generate contributions towards LEED® points.” The onslaught of products offering
profile possible. As a case in point, in October 2008 Forbo acquired Bonar
sustainable attributes that were relatively unaudited, with non-transparent supply chains
Floors and with that acquisition came the integration of Flotex into our
and non-verifiable chains of custody, containing ignorance-based claims has created a
product portfolio. Flotex is the most durable, maintainable alternative to
confusing landscape that in many cases has reduced the marketplace to an over-priced
validation of the status quo.
“ For a manufacturer,
sustainability is as important
textile flooring and at the time of acquisition carried almost every meaningful
“We do not want to be a manufacturer
environmental certification for textile flooring available. In truth, it’s
that has one product platform that
environmental profile was not something we could immediately be proud of.
is sustainable, but rather one that
The market perception that “sustainable” equals “more expensive” is erroneous. For a
to integrate into the entire
We quickly focused resources on it and in less than a years time made an
manufacturer, sustainability is as important to integrate into the entire product design and
product design and
average of more than 10% improvement in the overall products environmen-
recognizes that our entire product
production process as quality control. When quality control was an afterthought consisting
production process as
tal footprint. In the end, it carries no additional certifications or is recognized
portfolio has to have the best
any different, but we know that we have made progress and have identified
environmental profile possible.”
of an inspection at end of line, it was additional cost. When quality control was integrated
throughout the design/development, and manufacturing process, it became a cost savings.
quality control.“
opportunities to make a lot more progress in the future. We will not make
The same is true of sustainability. When sustainability is an “add-on” attribute such as adding
claims here of how it will improve in the future, we will only detail what we
a bio-based component to a chemical based product, or creating a “backdoor third-party”
have already accomplished.
process for calling production scrap in backings “recycled content”, you only compromise
the cost and integrity of the intended outcome. This is the reality of the use of “products
Flotex Tile Improvements
with sustainable attributes.”
Abiotic Depletion Potential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -1.46%
Acidification Potential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -2.59%
Forbo believes in the design and manufacture of “sustainable products”. There is no more vivid living example of this than Marmoleum. Eutrophication Potential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.33%
The sustainability of Marmoleum from “field to field” (Flax field to composting) is the most transparent and sustainable of any flooring
Ozone Layer Depletion Potential . . . . . . . . . . -6.61%
material. As such, Marmoleum carries more third-party, independent, LCA (multi-attribute) based environmental certifications than any
Photochemical Ozone Creation Potential . . . . . -0.96%
other flooring material. Marmoleum has, through clear third-party, publicly disclosed, verifiable documentation, the lowest environmental
Net Global Warming Potential . . . . . . . . . . . . -1.54%
footprint of any manufactured flooring material as of the printing of this brochure. Sustainability has been integrated into every step of the
Total LCA-based Impacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -13.50%
process, from supply chain, through manufacturing, to installation and use, and finally end of life. But what about cost? It is no coincidence
Flotex Sheet also saw similar improvements.
that through our MCT & MCS products, Marmoleum with Topshield also carries the lowest first cost of any occupancy-ready flooring
material. The beauty of Marmoleum is that sustainability is an assumed attribute and it can compete very successfully in an aspirational
It is this element of transparency that is critical in the step to being a
world where sustainability is an assumed characteristic, not a marketing trend. This is the benefit of being a “sustainable product”. “sustainable manufacturer”. We hope the information provided in the prior
pages to accurately and openly document ALL our products and processes
in the format (content and monetization) as prescribed by LEED® makes our
commitment clear.
18
www.forboflooringNA.com
www.forboflooringNA.com
19
How do we realize this?
To realize any movement towards a sustainable condition requires change – change from the conventional way of thinking and doing things. As Albert
Einstein said, “Problems cannot be solved at the same level of awareness that created them.” Moving towards sustainability means that we need to move
towards more complex system awareness.
For example, a conventional design process will have the architect design a building to meet typical functional and aesthetic requirements. The architect
then sends the design to the mechanical and electrical engineer to make it comfortable and provide adequate light. In a systems design process – an integrative design process – the engineers, architect, and client are designing the building in a joint manner from the very beginning. Instead of simply adding
more efficient equipment to the building - which alone can be costly - the engineer may alert the architect that the orientation and fenestration design of the
building can alone save more energy than any level of equipment efficiency. Using daylight will further decrease energy costs and add greater quality of life
to the building. Integrated decisions usually decrease the cost of the building while increasing its environmental performance.
While most architects and engineers feel they are “systems designers” by the nature of their work in delivering complex buildings – they usually are not. Sustainable design requires a different mindset or mental model. This model is able to look at systems in a more complex way. Instead of looking at just the
physical elements of the building, the invisible connections between the elements need to be understood. These invisible connections and patterns, for example, may be manifest in the downstream impact of toxins in building materials, the multiple efficiency and cost relationships between the many variables
in an HVAC system and the building envelope, or the impact on social systems due to logging practices or any raw material extraction. This level of analysis
requires a rigorous level of enthusiastic and early engagement from the participants and an understanding of tools used to make these evaluations. Since no
one has all of this knowledge themselves, the role of the team takes on great importance; the role of questioning takes on an equal importance in order to
elicit answers beyond the conventional.
Sustainable Design, by Bill Reed, AIA, LEED®
Sustainable Design
Moving towards Integrated Design in a Disintegrated World
For teams to embrace this process a different mindset or mental model is required; a mindset that has the desire to change the way things are done. A mental model that is open and willing drives the successful integration of green design.
Incorporating “sustainability” into projects, codes, and governing principles is now seen by many to be of increasing relevance and even more, a basic framework for understanding our relationship with life on this planet. In the process of thinking about and practicing sustainability – from a building perspective
in this article - these two questions will need to be addressed:
A systems approach requires a collaborative approach. The very strength of the integrative approach has in it a potential weakness – it depends on collaboration from the key players – the client, architect, engineers, interior designers, landscape architects. Fostering and working within a collaborative framework
is hard because we have been trained to be “experts”. The client expects it and the design team members feel they need to exhibit it. It is necessary to move
from being ‘experts’ to being ‘co-learners’. The basis of a systems approach is the establishment of a network of mutual learning. No one person can know all
the issues that need to be addressed; collective knowledge is far greater than individual knowledge (Boecker).
How far do we take it?
How do we realize it?
“LEED® is like a set of training
How far do we take it?
Sustainability is a term used in almost any context these days. A corporation states they need to
grow in order to sustain their business. A dam project in India is justified because it will create a more
sustainable economy. These organizations are using the term correctly within a limited perspective.
However, it is in the larger systems perspective that the term takes on its intended focus. Here’s a
straightforward way to understand its intended usage within the larger environmental perspective,
“If something is sustainable, it means we can go on doing it indefinitely. If it isn’t, we can’t.” Jonathon
Porritt (former director of Friend’s of the Earth).
wheels to help people move
By far, most successful green projects (i.e., projects that achieved the high environmental goals they originally set out to achieve, within budget) have done
so, not because of adding technology and products to the building, but because they had the
willingness to focus on the environmental issues – the invisible and critical connections – as essential to the success of the design. They had the willingness to ask many questions about the
potential beneficial relationships between ALL the systems in the building, site and region and
“ The difficulty is accepting
explore the many different ways to reach toward better ecological integration. The environmental concerns were not secondary, nor were they dominant, just an integral part of the
that the older conventional
design. The usual “right” answers were never assumed and they were always questioned.
to higher levels of systems
thinking.”
How do we get our hands around that? It’s actually pretty simple. To get a general impression of some practice or product – whether its use is more or less
sustainable than some alternative - we need to lift our heads out of our immediate sphere of action. This requires that we follow the implications of the
practice or product logically - What was needed to produce this product? What happens to it after you’re done using it? Take water for example: Where does
it come from? Rain. Can you drink the rain? If, yes, why aren’t you drinking it from your roof? If, no, from where do you get it? A well. Where does the well
get its water? The rain. If you can’t drink the rain, what makes it clean in the well? The earth. What kind of earth is required to clean the water? Healthy earth.
What makes the earth healthy? Habitat – microbes, animals, plants in healthy diversity. So it seems we need habitat to create fresh water. Not many of us
think of this when we have readily available tap water but this is a critical relationship that we ignore at the expense of fresh water for our future.
It is the role of the client, should they wish to reach towards cost effective sustainable building solutions, to select design teams (or green building experts) with expertise in integrated
design and the design process to optimize systems in a cost effective manner. Even more
important than green expertise however is the willingness or attitude of the design team to
learn new ways of looking at systems and the willingness to change their design process.
The purpose of this rating system is to put these issues in front of us as a grouped system. The LEED® system grades a client and design team’s willingness
to reduce impact in these broad areas. It has been very successful in its impact on the marketplace. The danger is that users think that LEED® helps create
sustainable buildings. It does not. It helps people create buildings that have some features that lead toward a sustainable future. LEED® is like a set of
training wheels to help people move to higher levels of systems thinking. It is a score card to gauge performance of those at an entry level of green design
and those who are ready to ask questions such as, OK, I understand what LEED® is about, what’s the next level? Indeed, that’s the question LEED® is meant to
inspire. This is the evolutionary beginning to deeper systems thinking. In fact, one can’t really do a LEED® building cost effectively without a reasonable level
of integrated systems thinking. The last section of this article addresses a summary of this process.
So where to after LEED®? One might think that we simply need to do better and set higher performance benchmarks. Instead of saving 30% of our energy
use compared to an energy code, the next step may be achieving a 70% improvement. This is certainly an important improvement but is it sufficient to reach
a sustainable condition? The answer is; any approach that limits the damage is important but insufficient. It is essential that we begin to look at the earth
and its life support systems not as mechanical constructs that we can manage by creating uniform conditions but as living and evolving systems of which
we are an integral part. We need to participate with these systems on their own terms – meaning: it is essential for us to understand that we are a part of
evolutionary patterns – birth, life, death, rebirth cycles. We are not above these patterns, nor below them, simply part of them. Until we learn how to swim in
these conceptual waters we will continually find ourselves exhausted by kicking against the flow of life that - while damaged for our purposes - overall really
isn’t concerned whether we exist or not. It will fill in behind us just as water fills in behind our movement through it.
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reconsidered.”
The following is a list of the essential aspects of an effective integrative design process:
The Basic Elements of Integrated Design
1. Client (main decision maker) involvement in the design decision process
2. Select the right design team (ATTITUDE is critical – i.e. no experts, only co-learners)
3. Explore possibilities and potential - do not reinforce expectations and simplistic linear
problem solving
4. Design the design process - create a roadmap to map the process so you don’t default to
old process patterns
5. Develop alignment around the deep purpose of the project - between the stakeholders and design team
6. Focus on the deep objectives of environmental targets. Goals arise out of working on
potential (not a check list)
7. Identify Champions or a Core Team (to hold the aspirations through the project)
8. Optimization of the design of systems (using evaluation tools and an iterative process in
predesign and schematic design – after this it can get expensive to add green technologies
to a project that wasn’t designed with these in mind from the beginning)
9. Follow through in Construction Process
10.Commission the project (make sure it performs the way it was designed to perform –
just because it’s built doesn’t mean it works)
11.Maintenance and Monitoring (entropy happens – feedback is essential to maintain performance)
Even though thinking in systems seems like common sense - once you learn the knack and know what kind of questions to ask - it, in fact, does require a
change in what we think is important and value. Change in our thinking practice can happen by slow evolution or in spurts; with bursts of understanding
supported by training or asking questions of experts. In 2000 the U.S. Green Building Council officially launched the LEED® Green Building Rating System.
It is a grading system that assigns points and assigns levels of performance to various criteria relating to our health and the health of the ecosystem.
These points are grouped in general categories of energy and atmospheric pollutants; community issues; habitat; water quality and conservation; material
resources; and the quality of our indoor environment including the issues of persistent toxics and pollutants.
20
practices need to be
The process to incorporate sustainable thinking in any project is really not that difficult. The difficulty
is accepting that the older conventional practices need to be reconsidered. Change is hard for
humans. It is the process of changing that is actually the most exciting aspect of reaching towards
sustainability. The technologies will always be improving in sometimes subtle and sometimes significant leaps. When we build in a sustainable manner it is the change of perspective, the change of heart,
and a fundamental reawakening of an awareness of our relationships to the systems of life that makes
all this worthwhile.
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Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh, UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA
photo: Alexander Patho Photography
21
Design for the Whole, by Gail Vittori, LEED® AP BD+C
Design for the Whole
Co-Director, Center for Maximum Potential Building Systems
Visibility, Verifiability and Transparency: How can the life cycle become visible, so that decisions are informed and guided by
meaningful data—a consumer’s right-to-know for products? While radical transparency for some product groups such as cosmetics
and cleaning products is gaining market visibility through efforts such as the GoodGuide™, products that we build with and that
significantly define the indoor and ambient environments are only beginning to be the focus of emerging tools such as Pharos.
The visibility, verifiability and transparency triumvirate is where the opportunity lies to create an accessible right-to-know platform
for the materials economy. This frontier is ripe for coordinated innovation, collaboration and economic stimulation throughout the
supply chain. Diverse stakeholder engagement can yield measures and metrics that celebrate transparency and instill an ethic that
value for all will result from a process predicated by trust and verify.
A crisis can be an opportunity, uniquely positioned to reveal unintended consequences and inconvenient truths. An example is the
1973 Oil Embargo, when members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) cut supply of oil to the U.S. and other
countries in response to the U.S. support of Israel during the 18-day war with Syria and Egypt. Prior to the October ‘73 Embargo,
the average price of a barrel of oil was $2.70; gasoline at the pump was about 35¢ per gallon in the U.S.. Let’s just say that everything
changed as the price of a barrel of oil skyrocketed by more than 300% in less than one year.
In response, a mad and noble dash towards energy conservation ensued throughout
the nation. Buildings previously designed oblivious to their energy use were tightened
up. New buildings were subject to increasingly stringent building codes and regulations, including the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1976. A rash of energy
conserving products and materials and renewable energy-based materials equipment
was developed and put into commerce. This rush to respond was driven by a singular
focus—to reduce reliance on foreign oil by using less energy. Importantly, absent from
this rush to respond was a recognition that buildings function as an interrelated web
of systems—some readily visible, others not. In this systems view, changing
one thing results in a cascade of impacts throughout a web of nested systems.
“The visibility, verifiability
and transparency triumvirate
Such a revolution in the materials economy is possible. Indeed, it is a global imperative: a whole systems approach in which the
process and product share equal billing within a context of visibility, verification and transparency and where multi-attribute
assessment— design for the whole—guards against single-attribute decision making described in the aforementioned limited
albeit well-intentioned energy conserving measures of the 1970s. The collective interest to ‘make it right’ has never been greater.
The collective opportunity to support this with honest words and measurable actions is our generation’s to deliver.
is where the opportunity
lies to create an accessible
right-to-know platform for
the materials economy.”
Process Elements (Product Life Cycle)
Many people point to the 1973 Oil Embargo as the “ahah” moment for what we
commonly refer to as sick building syndrome and, in a broader sense, as a catalyst for green building. When buildings were leaky,
chemical off-gassing from materials was virtually unknown. People may have suffered from long-term, low-dose exposure to a chemical
free-for-all, but the correlation between symptoms and causation was obscure. Enter the tight, energy-efficient building, and the
correlation was unmistakable. Buildings were making people sick.
field to gate
gate to gate
raw materials
pre-processing
production
distribution
installation
use & maintenance
Moreover, the sense that a process defined the outcome came into sharper focus as the dots connecting cause and effect were extended
through the life cycle—in shorthand, source, process, use, and re-source and requisite transportation. Additionally, with this heightened
awareness, the ante was raised on what should be measured in this green frontier. Beyond environmental indicators, factors relating to
human health, social equity, economic justice, green job creation, biodiversity, durability, global warming potential, water intensity, and a
myriad of other considerations were collectively sharing and shaping this sphere of influence and consequence.
global
eutrophication
warming
acidification
Manufacturing is central to delivering sustainable products. Sustainable design is a process of integration within a defined context and
recognized boundaries. Rather than optimizing individual systems, the design process optimizes the whole system. In doing so, it
embraces the broader sphere of influence and consequence. Single attributes and singular system performance metrics bear a level of
importance; however, their individual significance is dwarfed by the magnitude of impacts that occur through the whole system life cycle.
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composting, recycling
and/or disposal
Environmental Impact Categories
Process vs. Product: Today, put “green building” in a Google™ search and there are 111,000,000 hits; “sustainable products” 8,300,000 hits;
“sustainable manufacturer” 2,640,000 hits. These are enormous numbers! Note there are 42 times as many hits for “green building” as for
“sustainable manufacturer,” and about four times as many hits for “sustainable products” as for “sustainable manufacturer.”
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gate to final disposition (field)
habitat
alteration
natural resource
depletion
ecological
toxicity
solid waste
generation
ozone
depletion
human
toxicity
indoor air
quality
smog
formation
embodied
energy content
A Company’s Environmental Performance needs to be measured across the entire Life Cycle of the product, not just during production and the end
of its useful life. The impacts should include all of the Process Elements and the effect of the Process Elements against all of the Impact Categories.
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North American Headquarters
Forbo Flooring Systems
8 Maplewood Drive
Humboldt Industrial Park
Hazleton, PA 18202
T: 1-800-842-7839
570-459-0771
F: 570-450-0258
email: info.na@forbo.com
www.forboflooringNA.com
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11/10/5K/MDW
creating better environments
Canada
Forbo Flooring Systems
3220 Orlando Drive
Mississauga, ON L4V 1R5
T: 1-866-661-2351
416-661-2351
F: 416-661-5362
email: info.na@forbo.com
www.forboflooringNA.com
www.floorcostcomparison.com