R E A R A X L E ... D R I V E S H A...

REAR AXL E AND
DRIVE SHAF T S
LEAFLET
INSTRUCTION
SERVICE
ISSUEDBY
(te31)
LrD.
BENTLEY
MoroRs
%nF
S ubject:
s3/ltr.1,/sF.
RMI AxlE: EEVII PnEO,I oVETUIIL
,l !r0 4* urRE roDEr.s.
en/r,r
Date
10th ootob€r, 1945.
of
lssue
Thls leaflet, E4/fl, vitl tlral solery citb tho reer
arlc pinlon ass€obly, wbllc a latc leafl.ct, E{/K2, w111 oowr thp
fltting
of a new crotrn whccl anil p!.alon 'dl tb€ o/verhaul of tba raat
axlo asscnibl.;r.
IMPORTANT
THE CONTENTS
OF THIS
DOCUMENT
AR€
STRICTLY
CONFIDENTIAL
AND ARENOT
TO BE
TRANSI'lITTED
TO ANY
UNAUTHORIZED
PERSON.
The rear aS,eB fltt€il to aII obaeclc i.o tt€ ,l ana It
Lltr. scrlos are of th. fuu\y floattr€ tJ". bavrrg b$rpolAbevcl glarE,
qtdetDrss ad ]oed oanqftng
Tbl,oh 1rl atldltion to thclr lllorat
oepaclty, allrnfl a 1@er floor llnc to b€ oDtsbrd.
fh, Etanilaral ri,c
ratlo 1! lOl41r but r&A€r rP.olal da€$ rD 1134, setio oan bc l!,ttcd.
otl th€ llB aDll l4x sort.s of tb. {* Lltre ohArrl! the sta$tarA !.tto i!
t0tlrr.
fho Bentl.y tl aril 4* I,i.t!o DoAcla ree tloslgnod lg
ltlgb pcrfornaaoe aporta oatsr sd aa 6rah lt Tas aagertlal tbat tbr
r.tght of ths rcar a.r5,€!r lcauoqd to a EldJuE lJ! orAer to obtajl a
l,otr uupneg relghtr
[hc oq)od,antB of tha arlc aro tberfo!.
subJ.otail to bd.gh€t!c!s.rr f,biob altbougb not i.lJurlous LB thc!.Ir!!,
oanl ln ooq,ilEottoa ntth tha rtroalog ,,eo!cd W ar\y D&ltrorbnt
of tD.
oe! o! lI roaA, r€sult ln grtrlloaiu,rg oortaia partr of th. a8,a.
FobablJ tb. Drt bavr\y loailcaf oq$orot ts tba p!,!tq
tbfirtt b..rtrg,
falluro of rblob 1111 be laAtoatcit bJr oll l.alaga f,ro
gD. !td$
arsoib\r' oic/or lols t!6 tb. laar a$a. f,hta rill
ncoart ,tata tha rrrooval of thp DtnLoa a€ldLy,
*hlctr san b€ anfoatoA
rithdlt
iu.hllbfulg th. !.ttLnE of tbo cm
rbccl, or rwvllg
th. re.r
rrlr fru tb6 oba h.
Wtth tlo rear a.|l'c Je*cd upr roda
ur.
tlo
FaErlIo! &r$tr trfirt ra,r flsat, and the d"ng of nut. r.aurtlt
to th. d,. ot!.
(Ffg. f ),
oarLng. Ib ptnton mrd\y1
Dtnle ulablt
oaa than bc nltldllE
fithr rtlo oaat8a o.r.hg, eaurail tr tba
bolA&g blo* (tool no. RtOl9), fr a yioe, aDil afbantfoi
as lblLcnl-
{.
8m'rr tbo iblrfng tf|!g!
rctrlalne mrt anll loohrrrhar,
&d n|l] off tbo drtvllg flaltge
(A) rnil oovrr platc (B)s ultrlg a$
ortraotorr (lool No. R2952or
R?96t)r rhtobevor l! rpplloaDla.
2.
f'ro& out tbc tTo Iay! (C)
rd llft off tlro oo11 cp8f.Dg(D),
lod4g pfato (E), anif otl rotainor
ilrs (t).
5.
Raon! tbc tbrr8t baarlqg
rctrl.a nB nut (G), (I" H.lb.ad),
usLag thr serreteal apanncr, (Tool
No. R2971).
lr.
Roorp th€ r€oaiDAo! of tbo
assably ftou tbe boltu.ng blocrk,
placa oa a suitaDl€ tuDc, ad, trFasa
out tb $.Dion (B). tb tEugt
(J) ca! tbo !. itriro
b.a$g'
fto
ttc touai.ng (f).
-2 N/K1.
Contlnuotl:
INSPEcAIC{OFPA8TSANDRF..ASS{EIJY'
flttlgg
Plg.2),
foature of the plnloa ars@bly.t6 tho
Tho Dst l4ortaat
of tb. lato.t tfE th1l6t beartlg, Fart o. eBLOSO,(Soc
€ntal,leaL Tbta Dearlng t8rst !. Eltt.d
rt.r fte lodl,floatlms
tt?o
as a re?lao@mt sh€lslrr
e €arflor
bearirg ls sloot8ter€A o! a raa€pa.l la
recoEsarJr. Ill coaJuotlcn
rttb tbe aw
bearlag, th€ Dallfleit
ol.l rotalaer rl,ag1
trut,
P.rt No. eB2TOLr alal bcatl'lg t€tf{n{tg
qrst a,l!o b Cltt.iL
Part No. GBllrL,
Il.g.
2.
h4,1f
Tbc outcr track of tb tbtrt
of the bearir€r DarkeA IIHRIIS ONUfir ls
free iI tbo hourlng to drsure tbat lt rooefirls
no raALal Ioalt, rLil€ a 0"0oli 1re1oadl
lrov!-toil in tbe ttsstg! of tho barLag aDaf
appLloat rba tb teaflDg 1s
autonatloagr
nlppil bctreea tbo. enil of tbo bouELng "€ thc
qgalrst rhloh tbe lip @ th.
oiJ' rots:insr ri!g,
oor€r l,lat€ bearE, prodluo€a a dleflleotlo
of tbp
beari::g .Erlval€nt
to tbe qalorlatea alofleoti@
rhen the pt.nio[ is rrDiler loailr at,
*"511rg
tln
b€afi rg to nn rlthout
illgtortlo.
In order to pree€nt tbo !€erj-ng novtrg tn tbs bouel:g anil to
simfltan ously apply the ;neload, a plnobis applleit to t&e boaring rb6
tha asEably ls sscur€d to tbe r6ar arle caslrrg. to pruvldlg tbl!-ptnob
tbero qlst be a claaranoe of.002" - .00rn b€twe€n the JoLat faoee of
tbo bo!s{ rrg ana cove! plate wh6a tbc bearilg Ird oi1 r€tsLaer rLEg alc ttr
positi.oa b.fore tbo mrt6 olo tbe covsr ala s€aurca. Tbrlc tba acr bcarilg
replac.!
tbr carly typ€ (e5I269) it rtu. b€ Dscogsarlr to nalbLEp tb€ Ut
oD tbo coi€! plate in ortlgr to accooitate
ths gr.ator wliltb of tbe Dsrb"olog.
The anount to b€ r€Eoovedoaa be neasur.cd, ty oans of a feele:r
gsrrg6 bstf,c@ tb€ Joi.nt faccs of tha bouatig al:d, coi€a p:Late, ana aludllg
tbe DAohbtng tho clcaralrce should !e obpokeit at Ai@rtr.fcaly
olpoeitJ
poirts to ongura tbat thc Joi.nt facea aro prellell
aa it 1s cs8atia.l
tbat th€ load on the lImUsI ONLI| outsr tt.ack of tb leari.ng !c cra.\r
iUstributed.
If th€ ntr tJEc b€arjng le alra{y
fi,tted it gbould be
tborougbly cleaneil and t€gtctl to elsurc tbat elocgglw nsar baa aot ts&en
place.
lhc beariag Elst b€ r€m€'roa 1f, alry l,lat of tla tJo6r traok oall
be felt rh.a the outor trackg of tbl t adrcg arc rlpD€A t€oth3!
La a vio..
ls a .ccdd cb€ak, the b.aritg
sbould be opaed adl the balls,
trankg .ni
aag€s lrapeotoA for ld.tt{ !g or i.h.gc,
a5 thls rtl1 neossi,tete
tb. fttttag
of a nsr bearhg.
lnJr sLaolo.Bs of tbo tlrlvLag flangc oa tho td.El'@ rl11 be
l"ndioatsd \r narks 6 tbe dnton alil alrlvr-Dg fi€agc taFfs tn a,1lrttion to
k€q,lTagc.
If ltgbt leppi-ug of th3 f,larye m to tbe 1trotcm taper ls tn$fFioient
to reoonc tb.s. Dar.ks, tbs t?''nge aaA/or pld.czr lust be r@sroal
as noces3ar]r. tb€ flalg€ urst b€ rqrersa lf tbe gaooos of tbe oi1 return
scrc1} are ,lGp3goA, shlle trer keys vill be r€qullcd if tb orlglnat
pair
sh4 a.DJrslgns of ea'n€c or slaclg|€as in tbs krynays"
Befolo essob\r,
a nw ikivturg ftange shord.dl alragre be lappod
onto th. trtnioD tap€r, r',4 nar.king lluo used to abFaE tbat lt L !r coril.ctc
contact_ ritb tho t9p€1. Tbe ke5ra sbanLd thcn bo naite a gooil f,lt in thapiDiql LoJrtays, ann tb. itriviry
4L8ngG rsplac€tt on tb tipar.
ttrat'ka,,g bltrp
urst agaia be useal to cbcorr tbat thc r6att,,g of tbo n-rge fu not obslnrctcil
bJr.ths,keys.
Vhen tlds bas been droDo, replace .Y'it secrrr:a tbe iFivtng ftaagJ
retalnbg
nut, artl oh6ck that th€ o@taat faca of tbc natge ls nlnafng tn:s
Eith tbe ldd.m.
If tb6 ftange is nrnntag out, it nrst to-uachlacit aslsccsaarlr.
Tblr proacdr8c s&ouLatbc oar?ioal out ta all casoa. A *eg"etlo
clacrh ilotector shorrltl bc useal to t€lt th! pi.Diotr, anat tbe toetb oranlneil for
ptttiag
or acorbg, ag ir@6ra1 1111 ba necessar5r tf tbi! ls e&€3sirr!.
- tE/f1.
Cdrtilnrcil:
flang.
Ib€ kcys anil thoi.r corresponalilg slicE of the ildvfrg
anal pd.idon ar€ nrDbercti 1 anit 2, and arly of thosc pertt tbat arc r@doal
to enaure oorroot re-agEc@b\y.
rqlst be nucDereil aft€r fitting,
be fittodl
For goneral ovarbarl,
in tbe oonEr platc.
a nd
fqlt
otl
Eoelr Pa.r! Fo. G8581r urat
If tb6 pinion ls Dor seou!€A tn the boldt € blookr
oan be oarrledl out aa folloqs'-
aosablJr
't.
tbe f,laal
Plaoe tbc bc6dng and hou6hg o?ar tbc
plnl.on tapor, ard tap dc'I! lato posltloa,
sorrir dda tho b.aring lotatd^ag nuI'(L"E tblaA)
p;tab Elilo ugrmoet.
t.
Cbok thst tbs proJcotloas oa tbr loo&lt|g plat.
flt l^a tbr nut s€rretlohsr ?laoo tbt oll retrlrtr
r1:rg a€alrgt ths boarbgr anlt tlt th6 looklng plate.
Elaoc tbc oo11 EDrbg ottr tbe Dbls
f,tt tb, bsys, Dy a€preasiag the .pr.l'agi
5.
tE)er,
ad
Fositl.oD tbo 61r bolts ls tb. itrt vlrg f,lagc,
oar a ll,ttle gttoasc 6 tbe felt la th€ oo"€f, plato,
and push tlr flmge l^ato tb, oo"ct
thl'! aEaobv
oan tbd be plaoeil qr tlle tEalon tap€r anil aLtv6 bto
poaltlon
Drc to the bill'daual
fi,ttt.ag drrl.lg laarh
faotule lt oa3rbe fouil tbat aftor rg-a5sdib\t tbt
drivtrg flange ttll b€d ilortr oD th. ooll, sPrtlg, ""'11
ttlrs b€ bol,at of,f thc plrdor taPer. It ls tb€aefoae
allvlsablo to ob.* tbat the f,lalgo ls oorfcatly scel€C
rbm thp sprlng ls tn poEttlon
If, necoeaarlr th€ @ils
of tbe sprlng oe bc g!.ouDil dorm oA tbe eltt&g !eohaokottlDttl oorr.ot.
mrt oB tbeD b€
fh. aldvi.ng f,l.ngc loohrashcr aDArtatltrg
El,nAlly sooEeit, ana tbe pidosr alsably *tttcd to tb. o,rc oa!i.!8, nlth
tb. or.r,ga'r.l paakLlg ralher bctreqr tbe Dcarlag louslng flaage adl tbs
oasflg. Orlry to lrFegu1ar sfuil spao{ag th€ro le only olo poeltlo la
rhloh tbs pacld"agxasbsr ar{l d,ni6 asE@bly 1111 Pass over tba ehd5.
LEAFLET
SERVICE
INSTRUCTION
ISSUED
BY
w/rc2
B E N TLEYMO TORS(r931) LTD.
sBlvK"l/rc.
subiect: REARDc,E FrrrrNG tHEc RovrN-mrEEL
& prNroN..
BENTLEY
3+ LrrRE & 4* LrrRE I,{ODELS.
Date
itru",
ttn January,
1955.
SEEB4!I
l4hen the renevral of these corDponents becomes necessary,
the
Rear Axle Assenbly should. be retumed to this Service Station,
If
this is not possible,
the overhaui nay be carried
out by competent
personnel $'here the special tools and faciliti.es
requlred are to hsJtd,,
T00IS s
IMPORTANT
THE CONTENTS
OF THIS
DO CUM E NTA R E
STRICTLY
CONFIDENTIAL
To posi.tion the crovm-wheel and pinion correctly,
a pinion
setting tool is indispensable but should the tool not be to hand, a
sultable
arrangement must be fabricated.,
The appendea drawlng gives
details
of simplified.
equiprnent rvhich may be producetl rvhere turning
facilities
are available.
fn aCdition, a pair of V-blocks, a dial
surface plate arld an early Dattern Duplex bearing
5l+O.CD spfit outer race),
a
test indicator,
are need.ed.. (Hoffman
A ND A RE NO T
TO BE
TRANSMITTED
T O A NY
UNA UT HO RI ZE D
PERSON.
THE DI,IIE}ISIoN 'T 15 GALCULAT€DBY
SUBTRACIINOTHI RAOIUg OF THE ,{TANDREL
FROM tHE DU E}{3|ON ETCHEDOt{ p||{tON t{Ose,
ASSBIBLY:
1"
FITTI]\IG THE CROWN-WHEEI,
TO THE DIFFERENTIA]JCASINE.
(a)
noft the two halves of the tti-fferential
casing together
rithout
the axLe shaft or planet wheels i Leave the nuts
urrpinnea.
(U)
nxanine the crowr-wheel aral the d.ifferential
casing for
clearliness
and. burrs and bolt then together,
leaving
the nuts unpinned
Fit the bearings to the differential
casing using the @!!!j,g!
Duplex bearing (Hoffnan
CD or R &'M" D,tn'lOJ.
Both split inner races),
JLrO,"
from this Service Station..
Replacernents are available
B\I/K2.
- 2 -
Continued:
(c)
Mount the assembly on a -oair of V-blocks and vrith a dial
tcef. indineior
.heck the axial run-out of the cromwhee1. If this exceed.s .002" examine the wheel ard.
the cause of incorrect
seatj.ng,
casing aJld rectify
f a'l
s n t i t-n i h
(e)
Renove the bearings.
tl -
crom-vrheeL nuts.
Assemble the pinion
Leaf let Ef/K'l .
2.
?Illrolit
3.
bearing
and thrust
in accordance with
sETfINc.
(a)
Remove the pinion
(b)
bearing to the axle casing.
on all cars
Fit the off-side
the nuts,
On lGSeries
except M-Series, tighten a:nd.split-pin
is in position
and the
cars see that the oil seal carrier
bolt ends pea.ned.over,
(c)
Assernble the beari-ng housing to the carrier
the d].stance vasher ard Duplex beanng into
fo r
:h i<
n n n o <F
piece outer
f
pa."
'rl
tha
nose bearing
]l se
the axle casing.
p"-1,,
plate and fit
the housing,
v/i rh
the
tw o-
Bolt the assembly to the axle casj-ng.
track.
mr n.r r al
.1"-
fron
i hf^r dh
i .p
he^r i nd<
(e)
Position the distance plece on the prnlon nose end, v,rth the
washer rn Dlace, chamfer dor.,nwards, on the housrng,
origlnal
push the assembly anto the axle caslng untrL the nuts ca:r be
s t a.rt ed."
(f)
Carefully and evenly ti€lhten the nuts and srmrltaneously
rotate the drivrng flange untlL the effort reouired to turn
thF
flandF
\c^dr ps
r - aai F r
1r 11.^.1r d
r h" -
+l - e
dl s tanc e
prece rs in contact rvith the mandrel
It 1s arnportart to
d.j-scrimrnate bet!'reen th:-s trghtenrng up and. the normal
l'Iith feeler
heavrness of the pre-loaded pinron bearrng.
gauges measure tl.e cLearance betveen the flarne of the housing
and the axle casing.
fitti|ng
all
If dunng thrs trral
clearance at the flange as taken up vtithout the distance piece
makr-ng contact vrrth the mandrel, rvathdra\y the pin].on assembly,
f:-t a thrnner \.rashe! una[er the fla]rlr^.e and repeat the trial
until
clearance as obtar-ned.. Then r'/lthdra!'r the pinion assembly,
and vith a micronreter measure the thiclaness of the lqasher. Add
this dlnensaon to the feeler gauqe reading and Dlace a washer of
precisely
the same thickness,
charnfer dcrrnrvards, wer the pinion
housing.
(g)
vith the distance piece stitl
in position bolt the pinion
asseEbly tightly
into the axle casing and note that this
drstanltc nicne ie
i.n contact I'dth the nandrel a.s before.
"ti.ll
(n)
Vitnaraw
the pinion
(i)
witnaraw
the marldrel and renove the carrr-er
(j)
the pinion nose bearing to the axle casing and spli.t-pin
fit
the nuts.
On all chassis up to the end of L-Series, pini.ons
of a modified tJrpe a-re supplied a-s replaceroents and in all
such cases the later
tJrpe p1ni-on noee beari-ng must be fitted.
assembly and remove the distarce
plate
piece,
assembly.
continued..
/r ,\
lv.i+ h
BVK2"
-3ih ,-
the pinion
cF ta ^ + a;
Pw>r
assembiy and fu-tiy
planet
Assemble the Differentlal
descr1-oed ln LeaI Iet l:JlyllJ"
4,
r!v,'
t;ghten
dt
d U,;
^-^r..^+
the
-
-r..
u,r
fl
!4,,BEr
r rnce
fi
r tr
u
securing nuts"
nheel-s and Axle shafts
as
FITTING TF_Et8Q,iN-lrTEELArD piFfEREriTrAt ASSB,tsLY"
5.
Thp
/e ;r;on backl ash i s control l ed. \v rha -ti s+ anae
^ ? n r.m -.r/| p pr
v,,asher betvreen the Drplex bearrng and the housing, and
fL, { .h:^Lnp" 9 of thi s
e rj rl .rr.n t
i q c f ' . c' .cr tv v-rvi -o
washer.. A thicker ',',asher decreases the backlash.
fhe correct bacLlash for a grven par.r of bevels is etched. on
the back of the crolrn-vhee1, and as usuaLfy in the ranqe
" 0 0 5 u -.0 0 8 " .
(a)
lake the nearside bearlng hous.illg to rvhich the carrier
p l a te h a s a l re a dy been assembted; (^n Lhe case of It. S eri es
cars see that the backins clate and axle tube bolts are in
p o s i ti o n J
,asher, rounded cdge doymlards,
P l a" - Ln6 di s::r..
in the housing and follo\,,' it uD tith
the Dlclex bearing, the
l o c k i n c o l a te a :rd Ll r" . beer.rg hous-r; nut, fuIIJ ti ghten and
1 o c k ..
(b)
pLa.te assemb1.1onto the near.side of the
Assemlle thc carrier
.,.i ad i ffe r---i ."
fhc r] .1" :.ch.and l ock ryash-r
on the thre.ld and fulty ilqhten and lock th€ differential
c a s i n g n u t.
On chassrs i o rhe end of' L' S eri es
fi t
the D l al n
!rashe:', lock ri,asher ald nut to the i,ffsrde end. of the differential
c a s i n g , ti trh te n al d l o,rk, On ],i -S erl es caxs thi s nut i s di spen sed.
\rith and a eolLar pressed onto the dlfferential
casing behind
the affsrCe bearinq.
Ilr thes€ cases care nust be tal:er: to ensure
p.!a6e is ti{rblened do\,,.nthe coll-ar does
that \yhe. the iarr,er
not t a,ke up tbc siC€ c1l:a'"j-.!r- of the beanng
Should this
condition arise. the oube:c iaee of the cclJ-at. i]llst be slimined
to g .i v e th (- .o :rect c1e-r.:nj - Lo l ne beari :1q,
(c )
n n te r L h c o ffs r-de of the dLff' crenti .Il casi ng i nto i ts beari ng
a n d ta p i t u c i nto posi i i on"
A s rhe casi ng i s pushed i nto the
b e a ri n p th e c a r r^1c-r'el bre i r' t L- enJa..e on the arLe casi ng sLuds.
Ifhen the differential.
oari:rg is flil. Ly home, fit the spring
vrashers and nuts to the studl a.-1,1
tl']hren evenLy. Ensure that
the cro$n =yheel anal o1n!\''l are ltrlr j ammed1n the course of this
b y fre q u e n tL y c \en;{i nq a- thc drr..--4c fi --qe
for backl ash.
Fit
!'r'ashers and nuts ro six of rhe ifr',.ide axle tube bolts
Attach
th e n u l s to a fr' .n:Le
or e' " -r..r.thi rd bo;i .
ac:ordi ng to the
chassis series
Thrs etrsurcs that the bearing housing is
c o rre c tl y b e d d ed on Lhe crrrl et
9i a!e.
(a)
to chect the backlash in the assembly. mount the di"al test
i n d i c a l o r o n th - casi np so th.l t j r:s sp_ndl e bears tangenti cal ry
on the d-riving flange stud" Note the backlash at this position
and then by rotatin,r the flarlge anti-cloclarise,
take r.eadings at
intervals
of 12O- untll four revolutions
of the flange have been
completed.
The average of rhe readlngs obtalned should. coincide
vrith the figure etched on th€ crol'.Tr*lrheel rvith a. tolerarce of
+ . 005n, ft may be found that the backlash varies as mu"h as
.,006" frorn reading to reading
but thrs is of no monent provided
the average figure is .?i c,-.ro lLn]-ts,
Should. adjustnent be
necessary the assembly mL:.,J
r be drsmantled back to para.. (a)
above ard a washer of dr"r'r'erent thickness fitted
behind. the
Duplex bearingj a difference of ,,0O1,' in the washer thickness
alters the backlash about .0O2r'_
lfhen the correct backlash has been obtained. it renains to fit
the
nearside oil sea1, in the case of M-Sertes chassis, and to complete the axLe
assembly in accorilanee vith Leaflet 84,/KJ.
LEAFLET
INSTRUCTION
SERVICE
ISSUED
BY
an/rs
B E N T L EYMO TORS(r931) LTD.
FOR FITTING IEAR
REARAXIE - FROCEDURE
SB/BB.1/sF.
.c)c.ESHAFT. m,rrl.Er J+ 49 4i utnr.
Date
of
21st ltarch 1952"
'
lssue
Leaflet
is intended. as a gui<le to
This Service Instrucbion
the proceduro adopted whenever it is fowd necessary to fit a new pair of
axle shafts to the above Bodels.
IMPORTANT
THE CONTENTS
OF THIS
DO CUM E NTA R E
STRICTLY
CONFIDENTIAL
ANO ARE NOT
TO BE
TRANSMITTED
TO ANY
UNAUTHORIZED
PERSON.
A11 axle shafts now supplied are of a modified. pattern and
it is advlsable to fit
a pair, as it has been found. by experience thai; the
opposite shaft nay be in an advanced. state of fatigue
and is 1ike1y to faif.
The car should be jacked q) and the chassis supported by
suitable trestles.
Both rear hubs can then be removed in acqordanrre with
Servic3 Instruclion
Leaflet W\.1.,
and the propellor
shaft detached.
Opportunity
shaft
should be taken to exanine and attend to the propellor
d.a[per where fitted.
Having first
rexqovetl the clevis pins fron the brake cables,
d.isconnected the shock absorber arxos, and rerooved the 'Ur bo1ts, the
whole axle can be removeil from the car' and the oi1 drained.
The pinion assembJy seorring nuts on the axle nose-pjece
may be removetl, and the assenbfy pu11ed away fron the axle cenrre casing"
The fefr-hand. axle tube aird oi1 sealing housing is then withdrawn from the
nai.n casing.
the differential
end. plate can
casing, and the right-hand
axle shaft lglocked.
hand. axle shaft coq)leto with the differential
This assembly should be secured in a vice ryith
be removed from the cenljre
through, allowing
the leftassembly to be renoved.
the end plate upwards,
N€xt renove the retaining nut, lock washer and plain washer
and pu1l off the end plate.
Mark the two soctions of the differential
casing to ensure correct assernbly, and. disrqantle the unit,
noting the
position
of the variou.s spacing washers.
tested.,
shafts.
After all" the parts havo been washed off, exanined and crack
the four pinions can be mouted on their respective
trururi on
These shoultl foru a goocl mitro when ii position.
The trutnion
and casing should next be marked. to ensure its
positien
on final
asserbly.
ltlitb the trurmj.on assenbly in positidt,
Dolnrt
one axle shaft in the balf casing and bolt up the other half casing,
(there should be on]-y a normal mrr:ring
checking for end float
Df the shaft,
cloaraace).
The end float
i.s controlled
fu tbe thicloress of bronze washers
between the axle shaft pinion and the differentialhousing.
tulK3
C0ntinued. i
"2-
This operation
is repeated. with
the other shaft.
With lhe tnnmi on assembly r.emovetl, both shafts are replaced
in the tlifferential
casing with the sma11 centre d.istance piece between
then, and the casing is then bolted together and the shafts checked. for end
f1oat.
As beforee there should only be a nmning clearance.
The unit
the axle
is then assenbled
in the norrnal namer
N.B. Iihen replacing
the hubs, it shouLd. be
.O15rr clearanco between the distance piece
nut and plain washer (P.i.
to
Fj.E.5, WlVf)
rmdue stress upon the Drplex
is not putting
The pinion
teaflet
and fitted
to
casing,
BltlK.'t .
assenbly
is aealt
obserted that there is at least
inmed.iately behind the axle shaft
ensure that the axle shaft nut
bearing in the axle casing.
with
as a sepa.rate unit
urder