OM-NOMAD-BATT

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MSDS No.- T-36-04 (Revision–B)
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
SECTION 1- CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION
Manufacturer Name- Tadiran Batteries Ltd., P. O. Box 1, Kiryat Ekron, Israel 70500.
US office address- 2001 Marcus Avenue, Suite 125E, Lake Success, NY 11040
Emergency Telephone No. – CHEMTREC: 1-800-424-9300
Tel. for information: 1-516-621-4980
Tel. for information 972-8-944-4503
Products Name: Primary (non-rechargeable) Lithium metal Thionyl Chloride (Li/SOCl2)
cells and batteries, Non-rechargeable. Cells include the models of TL, TLH, and TLL,
3.6V series. This MSDS covers the the above models: 2100, 2134, 2135, 2137, 2150,
2155, 2186, 2200, 2300, 2450, 4902, 4903, 4920, 4930, 4934, 4935, 4937, 4940, 4951,
4955, 4986, 5101, 5104, 5114, 5134, 5135, 5137, 5151, 5155, 5186, 5233, 5242, 5276,
5293, 5315, 5902, 5903, 5920, 5930, 5937, 5940 and 5955 with all their finishing
versions and batteries assembled from them, denoted by “/” followed up by letters or
digits.
SECTION 2- COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
Ingredient Name
CAS #
%
ACGIH (TLV)
Lithium Metal (Li)
7439-93-2
<5%
Not Established
Thionyl Chloride (SOCl2)
7719-09-7
<47
%
1 ppm
(5 mg/M3)
5 mg/m3
Carbon (C)
Aluminum Chloride (AlCl3)
1333-86-4
7446-70-0
<6%
<5%
3.5 mg/m3
2 mg/m3 (Al
salt, soluble)
3.5 mg/m3
Lithium Chloride (LiCl)
Glass
PVC
PTFE
7447-41-8
<2%
<1%
<1%
<1%
Not Established
Not Established
Not Established
Not Established
9002-86-2
9002-84-0
OHSA
(PEL)
None
CHIP
Classification
F: R14/15
C: R34
R: 14/15, 34
S:(1/2), 8,43,45
R: 14,20/22,29,
35.
S: (1/2),26,36/
37/39, 45
None known
R: 34
S: (1/2),7/8,28,
45
SECTION 3 - HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
The lithium Thionyl chloride batteries described in this MSDS are hermetically sealed
units, which are not hazardous when used according to the recommendations of the
manufacturer.
Under normal condition of use of the batteries, the electrode materials and the liquid
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electrolyte they contained are non-reactive provided the battery integrity is
maintained. Risk of exposure exists only in case of mechanical, electrical or thermal
abuse. Thus the batteries should not short circuit, recharge, puncture, incinerate,
crush, immerse in water, force discharge, or expose to temperatures above the
temperature range of the cell or battery. In these cases there is risk of fire or explosion
SECTION 4- FIRST AID MEASURES
In case of battery rupture, explosion, or major leakage, evacuate personnel from
contaminated area and provide good ventilation to clear out corrosive fumes, gases or
the pungent odor. Seek immediate medical attention.
Eyes - First rinse with plenty of water for 15 minutes (remove contact lenses if easily
possible), and then seek medical attention.
Skin - Remove contaminated clothes and rinse skin with plenty of water or shower for
15 min. Refer to medical attention.
Inhalation - Remove to fresh air, rest, and half-upright position, use artificial
respiration if needed, and refer to medical attention.
Ingestion - rinse mouth, DO NOT induce vomiting, give plenty of water to drink, and
refer to medical attention.
SECTION 5- FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
FLASH POINT:
NA
LOWER (LEL):
NA
FLAMMABLE LIMIT IN AIR:
NA
UPPER (LEL):
NA
EXTINGUISHING MEDIA:
1. Lith- X (Class D extinguishing media) is the only effective on fires involving a few
lithium batteries. If the cells are directly involved in a fire DO NOT USE: WATER,
SAND, CO2, HALON, and DRY POWDER OR SODA ASH EXTINGUISHERS.
2. If the fire is in adjacent area and the cells that are either packed in their original
containers or unpacked, the fire can be fought based on fueling material, e.g., paper
and plastic products. In these cases the use of copious amounts of cold water is
effective extinguishing media. Storage area may also employ sprinkler system with
cold water.
AUTO-IGNITION:
NA
SPECIAL FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES: Wear self-contained breathing
apparatus to avoid breathing of irritant fumes (NIOSH approved SCBA & full
protective equipment). Wear protective clothing and equipment to prevent body
contact with electrolyte solution.
Fire may be fought, but only from safe fire-fighting distance. Evacuate all persons
from immediate area of fire.
UNUSUAL EXPLOSION AND FIRE EXPLOSION: Battery may explode when
subject to: excessive heat (above 150ºC), recharged, over-discharged (discharge
below 0V), punctured and crushed. During thermal decomposition generation of
chlorine (Cl2), hydrogen chloride (HCl), and sulfur dioxide (SO2) can be formed.
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SECTION 6- SPILL OR LEAKAGE PROCEDURES
PROCEDURES TO CONTAIN AND CLEAN UP LEAKS OR SPILLS: The material
contained within the battery would only be released under abusive conditions.
In the event of battery rapture and leakage: contain the spill while wearing proper
protective clothing and ventilate the area. Than, cover with sodium carbonate
(Na2CO3) or 1:1 mixture of soda ash and slaked lime. Keep away from water, rain,
and snow. Placed in approved container (after cooling if necessary) and disposed
according to the local regulations.
NEUTRALIZING AGENTS: Sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) or 1:1 mixture of soda ash
and slaked lime.
WASTE DISPOSAL METHOD: Product decomposed by water must be neutralized.
if sufficiently diluted, it may be added to waste water if it is sufficiently diluted.
PRECAUTIONS IN HANDLING AND STORAGE: avoid short-circuiting, overcharging and heating to high temperatures. Store the batteries in dry and cool area and
keep container dry and tightly closed in well-ventilated area. Store cells away from
food and drink.
OTHER PRECAUTIONS; Never attempt to disassemble, machine, or otherwise
modify batteries or injury may result.
SECTION 7- HANDLING AND STORAGE
The batteries should not be opened, destroyed or incinerate, since they may leak or
rupture and release to the environment the ingredients that they normally contained in
the hermetically sealed container.
HANDLING- Do not short circuit terminals, or expose to temperatures above the
temperature rating of the battery, over charge the battery, forced over-discharge
(voltage below 0.0V), throw to fire.
Do not crush or puncture the battery, or immerse in liquids.
STORAGE- is preferably done in cool (below 30ºC), dry and ventilated area, which
is subject to little temperature change.
Do not place the battery near heating equipment, nor expose to direct sunlight for long
periods. Elevated temperatures can result in shortened battery life and degrade
performance.
Keep batteries in original packaging until use and do not jumble them.
Do not store batteries in high humidity environment for long periods.
OTHER- cells and batteries are not rechargeable batteries and should not be charged.
Applying pressure and deforming the battery may lead to disassembly followed by
eye skin and throat irritation.
Follow manufacturer recommendations regarding maximum recommended current
and operating temperature range.
SECTION 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS & PERSONAL PROTECTION
GENERAL- The following safety measures are not necessary in normal use. They
need only be applied if there is a risk that, in use or handling, the recommendations, as
outlined in Section 3, have not been followed.
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RESPIRATORY PROTECTION: In case of abuse or leak of liquid or fumes, use
NIOSH approved Acid Gas Filter Mask or Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus.
VENTILATION: In case of abuse, use adequate mechanical ventilation (local
exhaust) for battery that vents gas or fumes.
PROTECTIVE GLOVES: In case of spill use PVC or Nitrile gloves of 15 mils (0.015
inch) or thicker.
EYE PROTECTION: Use ANSI approved chemical worker safety goggles or face
shield.
OTHER PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT: In case needed, chemical resistance clothing
is recommended along with eye wash station and safety shower should be available
meeting ANSI design criteria.
WORK HYGIENIC PRACTICES: Use good hygiene practice. Wash hands after use
and before drinking, eating or smoking. Launder contaminated cloth before reuse.
SUPPLEMENTARY SAFETY AND HEALTH DATA: If the battery is broken or
leaked the main hazard is the electrolyte. The electrolyte is mainly solution of Lithium
chloride (LiCl), and aluminum chloride (AlCl3) in Thionyl chloride (SOCl2).
Fires may be fought but only from safe fire fighting distance, evacuate all persons
from immediate area of fire.
Prevent heating of the battery, charging the battery, discharge to predetermined limit,
do not crush, disassemble, incinerate or short circuit.
SECTION 9- PHYSICAL DATA
BOILING POINT (760 mm Hg)
VAPOR PRESSURE (mm Hg, 25ºC)
VAPOR DENSITY (air=1)
DENSITY (gr/cc)
VOLATILE BY VOLUME (%)
EVAPORATION RATE (butyl acetate=1)
PHYSICAL STATE
SOLUBILITY IN WATER (% by weight)
PH
APPEARANCE
ODOR
NA, unless individual components exposed
NA, unless individual components exposed
NA, unless individual components exposed
> 1 gr/cc
NA
NA, unless individual components exposed
Solid
NA, unless individual components exposed
NA, unless individual components exposed
Geometric Solid Object
If leaking, gives off pungent corrosive odor
SECTION 10- STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
STABLE OR NOT STABLE
Stable
INCOMPATIBILITY (MATERIAL TO AVOID)
Strong mineral acids, water and
alkali solutions.
HAZARDOUS
DECOMPOSITION
PRODUCTS
1. Reaction of lithium with water: Hydrogen (H2), Lithium
hydroxide (LiOH).
2. Thermal decomposition over 150ºC: Sulfur oxides, (SO2, SO3),
Sulfur chlorides (SCl2, S2Cl2), Chlorine (Cl2), Lithium oxide, Li2O
3. Electrolyte with water: Hydrogen Chloride (HCl) and SO2
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DECOMPOSITION TEMPERATURE (ºF)
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NA
May Occur____
Will Not Occur __X__
HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION:
Avoid mechanical abuse and electrical abuse such
CONDITIONS TO AVOID
as short-circuiting, overcharge, over-discharge,
(voltage reversal) and heating.
SECTION 11- TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
THRESHOLD LIMIT VALUE (TLV) AND SOURCE: NA
HEALTH HAZARD ACUTE AND CHRONIC: Inhalation, skin contact, eye contact
and ingestion are not likely by exposure to sealed battery.
Inhalation, skin contact and eye contact are possible when the battery is opened.
Exposure to internal contents, the corrosive fumes will be very irritating to skin, eyes
and mucous membranes. Overexposure can cause symptoms of non-fibrotic lung
injury and membrane irritation.
Carcinogenicity- NTP: No
Carcinogenicity- IARC: No
Carcinogenicity- OSHA: No
Explanation of Carcinogenicity- No ingredient of a concentration of 0.1% or greater is
listed as a carcinogen or suspected carcinogen.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF OVEREXPOSURE: Exposure to leaking electrolyte
from ruptured or leaking battery can cause:
Inhalation- Can cause burns and irritation of the respiratory system, coughing,
wheezing and shortness of breath.
Eyes- Redness, tearing, burns. The electrolyte is corrosive to all ocular tissues.
Skin- The electrolyte is corrosive and causes skin irritation and burns.
Ingestion- The electrolyte solution causes tissue damage to throat and gastro/
respiratory track.
MEDICAL CONDITION AGGRAVATED BY EXPOSURE: Preexisting skin,
asthma and respiratory diseases are generally aggravated by exposure to liquid
electrolyte vapors or liquid. For further information refer to section 4.
SECTION 12- ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
1. When properly used or disposed the battery does not present environmental hazard.
2. Cells do not contain mercury, cadmium, or lead.
3. Do not let internal components enter marine environment. Avoid release to
waterways, wastewater or ground water.
SECTION 13- DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
1. Dispose in accordance with the applicable regulations in country and state.
2. Disposal should be performed by permitted, professional disposal firms
knowledgeable in Federal, State or Local requirements of hazardous waste treatment
and hazardous waste transportation.
3. Incineration should never be performed by battery users, but eventually by trained
professional in authorized facility with proper gas and fume treatment.
4. Battery recycling should be done in authorized facility.
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SECTION 14- TRANSPORTATION /SHIPPING
Lithium metal cells and batteries are considered as Dangerous Goods, e.g., UN-3090
for cells and batteries and UN-3091 for cells or batteries in equipment or with
equipment.
- The UN Recommendations on Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations
- The UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Manual of Tests
and Criteria, “Lithium batteries” Part III, Section 38.3.
Worldwide besides the United State- Cells and Batteries must be packed accordance
with Special Provisions of the applicable code, e.g., IATA, ICAO , IMO , ADR and
the UN Model Regulations.
Within the US- the US DOT CFR 49 regulations, Parts 171, 172, 173 and 175 are
governing the transportation of lithium cells and batteries. The requirements for the
different transportation conditions (e.g., Air, Sea, with and within equipment and for
disposal) are defined in part 173.185 "Lithium cells and batteries"
Identification and labeling in compliance with the product drawing should include the
battery title, nominal voltage, lot number and warning.
SECTION 15- REGULATORY INFORMATION
1. All the cells and batteries are defined as “articles” and thus are exempt from the
requirements of the Hazard Communication Standard”.
2. The internal component (Thionyl chloride) is hazardous under the criteria of the
Federal OHSA Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1920.1200.
3. NFPA rating- Lithium batteries are not included in the NFPA material list. Below is
the NFPA rating for lithium metal. Lithium metal is an internal component, enclosed
by hermetically sealed metallic can. Under normal application is not exposed.
Flammability
1
Reactivity
1
Health
2
W
Other
SECTION 16- OTHER INFORMATION/DISCLAIMER
The information and the recommendations set forth are made in good faith and
believed to be accurate at the date of preparation. The present file refers to normal use
of the product in question. Tadiran Batteries makes no warranty expressed or implied.
Assembly of battery packs:
The design and assembly of battery packs require special skills, expertise and
experience. Therefore it is not recommended that the end user will attempt to selfT-36-04, SOCl2, general, Rev B
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assemble battey packs. It is preferable that any battery using lithium cells will be
assembled by TADIRAN to ensure proper battery design and construction. A full
assembly service is available from TADIRAN who can be contact for further
information. If for any reason, this is not possible, TADIRAN can review the pack
design in confidential to ensure that the design is safe and capable of meeting the
stated performance requirements.
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Quality Department
January 27, 2010
Our Ref.: C- 300121
Memo
To:
Whom it may concern
From: M. Babai, Quality Manager
Re: Transportation Certificate for Tadiran cell type TL-2100
We hereby certify that the Tadiran TL-2100 lithium cells meet all the requirements of
each test in the current UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods,
Manual of Tests and Criteria, Part III, Section 38.3, as detailed in Tadiran internal
report 15Q-605, dated April 2003 per the following table:
UN Manual of Tests and Criteria
T1: Altitude Simulation
T2: Thermal Test
T3: Vibrations
T4: Shock
T5: External Short Circuit
T6: Impact
T7: Overcharge
T8: Forced Discharge
Results
Remarks
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
-----------Pass
Only for rechargeable cells
Product descriptionTL-2100 is a primary (non-rechargeable), 3.7V lithium metal cell, consists of a single
cell. The TL-2100 cell may come with optional suffixes consisting of a “/” followed
by one or more letters and a digit. These suffixes indicate different types of finishing
(for example, S- standard, T-tab, P-pin, PT and PT2 for polarized tab, etc).
- Nominal Capacity- 2.1Ah (at 0.5 ma discharge current to 2V end voltage).
- Lithium content per cell- 0.66 gram.
Product Classification1. Worldwide besides the United State- TL-2100 cell and its finishing versions are
not subject to the Dangerous Goods Regulation, e.g., it is not restricted. The cells
must be packed in accordance with Packing Instructions of the applicable code, e.g.,
IATA/ICAO (Part 1 of P968, P969 and P970), IMO (SP188, SP230 and P903) and
ADR (SP188, SP230 and P903). Regulations changes necessitate referring to UN
number 3090 (lithium batteries) and UN 3091 when packed with or in equipment.
2. Transportation within, to and from the US- Parts 171, 172, 173 and 175 of USDOT CFR 49 are governing the transportation of lithium cells and batteries. TL-2100
cell is defined as “small lithium cells and batteries” and thus, is not considered as
Class 9. Special Provision 188 details the required label and package of cells
transported separately or in equipment.
Signed in Behalf of Tadiran;
M. Babai, Quality Manager, Tadiran Batteries Ltd.
P. O. Box 1, Kiryat Ekron, Israel 70500, Tel- (972-8) 9 444 560, Fax- (972-8) 9 413 066
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