Yamaha AEROX YQ50 Owner`s manual

Read this manual carefully before operating this vehicle.
OWNER’S MANUAL
YQ50
YQ50L
3C6-F8199-E1
PANTONE285CVC
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U3C6E1E0.book Page 1 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
INTRODUCTION
EAU10113
Welcome to the Yamaha world of motorcycling!
As the owner of the YQ50/YQ50L, you are benefiting from Yamaha’s vast experience and newest technology regarding the
design and manufacture of high-quality products, which have earned Yamaha a reputation for dependability.
Please take the time to read this manual thoroughly, so as to enjoy all advantages of your YQ50/YQ50L. The Owner’s Manual
does not only instruct you in how to operate, inspect and maintain your scooter, but also in how to safeguard yourself and
others from trouble and injury.
In addition, the many tips given in this manual will help keep your scooter in the best possible condition. If you have any further questions, do not hesitate to contact your Yamaha dealer.
The Yamaha team wishes you many safe and pleasant rides. So, remember to put safety first!
Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. Therefore, while this manual contains the most current product information available at the time of printing, there may be minor discrepancies between your scooter and this
manual. If there is any question concerning this manual, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
EWA12411
WARNING
Please read this manual carefully and completely before operating this scooter.
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IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
EAU10132
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to potential personal injury
hazards. Obey all safety messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible injury
or death.
WARNING
NOTICE
TIP
A WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in
death or serious injury.
A NOTICE indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to the
vehicle or other property.
A TIP provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
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IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
EAUM1010
YQ50/YQ50L
OWNER’S MANUAL
©2008 by MBK INDUSTRIE
1st edition, July 2008
All rights reserved
Any reprinting or unauthorized use
without the written permission of
MBK INDUSTRIE
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in France.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY INFORMATION ..................1-1
Further safe-riding points ................1-5
FOR YOUR SAFETY –
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS ............. 4-1
DESCRIPTION ..................................2-1
Left view ..........................................2-1
Right view ........................................2-2
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT
RIDING POINTS................................. 5-1
Starting a cold engine .................... 5-1
Starting off ...................................... 5-2
Acceleration and deceleration ........ 5-2
Braking ........................................... 5-2
Tips for reducing fuel
consumption ............................... 5-3
Engine break-in .............................. 5-3
Parking ........................................... 5-4
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL
FUNCTIONS .......................................3-1
Main switch/steering lock ................3-1
Indicator and warning lights ............3-2
Speedometer unit ...........................3-3
Tachometer (if equipped) ................3-3
Fuel gauge ......................................3-4
Handlebar switches ........................3-4
Front brake lever ............................3-5
Rear brake lever .............................3-5
Fuel tank cap ..................................3-5
Fuel .................................................3-6
Catalytic converters ........................3-7
2-stroke engine oil ..........................3-8
Kickstarter .......................................3-9
Rider seat .......................................3-9
Storage compartments .................3-10
Adjusting the shock absorber
assembly (if equipped) ..............3-11
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND
ADJUSTMENT ................................... 6-1
Periodic maintenance and
lubrication chart .......................... 6-2
Removing and installing the
cowling and panel ....................... 6-6
Checking the spark plug ................. 6-7
Final transmission oil ...................... 6-8
Coolant ........................................... 6-9
Cleaning the air filter element ...... 6-10
Adjusting the carburetor ............... 6-11
Checking the throttle cable free
play ........................................... 6-11
Tires ............................................. 6-12
Cast wheels .................................. 6-13
Checking the front and rear brake
lever free play ........................... 6-14
Checking the front and rear
brake pads ................................ 6-14
Checking the brake fluid level ...... 6-15
Changing the brake fluid .............. 6-16
Checking and lubricating the
throttle grip and cable ............... 6-16
Lubricating the front and rear
brake levers .............................. 6-16
Checking and lubricating the
centerstand ............................... 6-17
Checking the front fork ................. 6-17
Checking the steering .................. 6-18
Checking the wheel bearings ....... 6-18
Battery ......................................... 6-19
Replacing the fuse ....................... 6-20
Replacing the headlight bulb ....... 6-21
Replacing the tail/brake light
bulb ........................................... 6-22
Replacing a turn signal light
bulb ........................................... 6-22
Troubleshooting ........................... 6-23
Troubleshooting charts ................ 6-24
SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE... 7-1
Care ............................................... 7-1
Storage .......................................... 7-3
SPECIFICATIONS ............................ 8-1
CONSUMER INFORMATION............ 9-1
Identification numbers .................... 9-1
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SAFETY INFORMATION
EAUT1012
Be a Responsible Owner
As the vehicle’s owner, you are responsible for the safe and proper operation
of your scooter.
Scooters are single-track vehicles.
Their safe use and operation are dependent upon the use of proper riding
techniques as well as the expertise of
the operator. Every operator should
know the following requirements before
riding this scooter.
He or she should:
● Obtain thorough instructions from
a competent source on all aspects
of scooter operation.
● Observe the warnings and maintenance requirements in this Owner’s Manual.
● Obtain qualified training in safe
and proper riding techniques.
● Obtain professional technical service as indicated in this Owner’s
Manual and/or when made necessary by mechanical conditions.
Safe Riding
Perform the pre-operation checks each
time you use the vehicle to make sure it
is in safe operating condition. Failure to
inspect or maintain the vehicle properly
increases the possibility of an accident
or equipment damage. See page 4-1
for a list of pre-operation checks.
● This scooter is designed to carry
the operator and a passenger.
TIP
Although this scooter is designed to
carry a passenger, always comply with
the local regulations.
●
The failure of motorists to detect
and recognize scooters in traffic is
the predominating cause of automobile/scooter accidents. Many
accidents have been caused by an
automobile driver who did not see
the scooter. Making yourself conspicuous appears to be very effective in reducing the chance of this
type of accident.
Therefore:
• Wear a brightly colored jacket.
1-1
●
• Use extra caution when you are
approaching
and
passing
through intersections, since intersections are the most likely
places for scooter accidents to
occur.
• Ride where other motorists can
see you. Avoid riding in another
motorist’s blind spot.
Many accidents involve inexperienced operators. In fact, many operators who have been involved in
accidents do not even have a current driver’s license.
• Make sure that you are qualified
and that you only lend your
scooter to other qualified operators.
• Know your skills and limits.
Staying within your limits may
help you to avoid an accident.
• We recommend that you practice riding your scooter where
there is no traffic until you have
become thoroughly familiar with
the scooter and all of its controls.
1
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SAFETY INFORMATION
●
1
●
Many accidents have been caused
by error of the scooter operator. A
typical error made by the operator
is veering wide on a turn due to excessive speed or undercornering
(insufficient lean angle for the
speed).
• Always obey the speed limit and
never travel faster than warranted by road and traffic conditions.
• Always signal before turning or
changing lanes. Make sure that
other motorists can see you.
The posture of the operator and
passenger is important for proper
control.
• The operator should keep both
hands on the handlebar and
both feet on the operator footrests during operation to maintain control of the scooter.
• The passenger should always
hold onto the operator, the seat
strap or grab bar, if equipped,
with both hands and keep both
feet on the passenger footrests.
Never carry a passenger unless
he or she can firmly place both
feet on the passenger footrests.
●
●
Never ride under the influence of
alcohol or other drugs.
This scooter is designed for onroad use only. It is not suitable for
off-road use.
●
●
Protective apparel
The majority of fatalities from scooter
accidents are the result of head injuries. The use of a safety helmet is the
single most critical factor in the prevention or reduction of head injuries.
● Always wear an approved helmet.
● Wear a face shield or goggles.
Wind in your unprotected eyes
could contribute to an impairment
of vision that could delay seeing a
hazard.
● The use of a jacket, substantial
shoes, trousers, gloves, etc., is effective in preventing or reducing
abrasions or lacerations.
● Never wear loose-fitting clothes,
otherwise they could catch on the
control levers or wheels and cause
injury or an accident.
1-2
Always wear protective clothing
that covers your legs, ankles, and
feet. The engine or exhaust system become very hot during or after operation and can cause burns.
A passenger should also observe
the above precautions.
Avoid Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
All engine exhaust contains carbon
monoxide, a deadly gas. Breathing carbon monoxide can cause headaches,
dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, confusion, and eventually death.
Carbon Monoxide is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas which may be
present even if you do not see or smell
any engine exhaust. Deadly levels of
carbon monoxide can collect rapidly
and you can quickly be overcome and
unable to save yourself. Also, deadly
levels of carbon monoxide can linger
for hours or days in enclosed or poorly
ventilated areas. If you experience any
symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning, leave the area immediately, get
fresh air, and SEEK MEDICAL TREATMENT.
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SAFETY INFORMATION
●
●
●
Do not run engine indoors. Even if
you try to ventilate engine exhaust
with fans or open windows and
doors, carbon monoxide can rapidly reach dangerous levels.
Do not run engine in poorly ventilated or partially enclosed areas
such as barns, garages, or carports.
Do not run engine outdoors where
engine exhaust can be drawn into
a building through openings such
as windows and doors.
Loading
Adding accessories or cargo to your
scooter can adversely affect stability
and handling if the weight distribution of
the scooter is changed. To avoid the
possibility of an accident, use extreme
caution when adding cargo or accessories to your scooter. Use extra care
when riding a scooter that has added
cargo or accessories. Here, along with
the information about accessories below, are some general guidelines to follow if loading cargo to your scooter:
The total weight of the operator, passenger, accessories and cargo must
not exceed the maximum load limit.
Operation of an overloaded vehicle
could cause an accident.
Maximum load:
180 kg (397 lb)
When loading within this weight limit,
keep the following in mind:
● Cargo and accessory weight
should be kept as low and close to
the scooter as possible. Securely
pack your heaviest items as close
to the center of the vehicle as possible and make sure to distribute
the weight as evenly as possible
on both sides of the scooter to minimize imbalance or instability.
● Shifting weights can create a sudden imbalance. Make sure that accessories and cargo are securely
1-3
●
attached to the scooter before
riding. Check accessory mounts
and cargo restraints frequently.
• Properly adjust the suspension
for your load (suspension-adjustable models only), and
check the condition and pressure of your tires.
• Never attach any large or heavy
items to the handlebar, front
fork, or front fender. Such items
can create unstable handling or
a slow steering response.
This vehicle is not designed to
pull a trailer or to be attached to
a sidecar.
Genuine Yamaha Accessories
Choosing accessories for your vehicle
is an important decision. Genuine
Yamaha accessories, which are available only from a Yamaha dealer, have
been designed, tested, and approved
by Yamaha for use on your vehicle.
Many companies with no connection to
Yamaha manufacture parts and accessories or offer other modifications for
Yamaha vehicles. Yamaha is not in a
position to test the products that these
1
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SAFETY INFORMATION
1
aftermarket
companies
produce.
Therefore, Yamaha can neither endorse nor recommend the use of accessories not sold by Yamaha or
modifications not specifically recommended by Yamaha, even if sold and
installed by a Yamaha dealer.
Aftermarket Parts, Accessories, and
Modifications
While you may find aftermarket products similar in design and quality to
genuine Yamaha accessories, recognize that some aftermarket accessories
or modifications are not suitable because of potential safety hazards to you
or others. Installing aftermarket products or having other modifications performed to your vehicle that change any
of the vehicle’s design or operation
characteristics can put you and others
at greater risk of serious injury or death.
You are responsible for injuries related
to changes in the vehicle.
Keep the following guidelines in mind,
as well as those provided under “Loading” when mounting accessories.
●
Never install accessories or carry
cargo that would impair the performance of your scooter. Carefully
inspect the accessory before using
it to make sure that it does not in
any way reduce ground clearance
or cornering clearance, limit suspension travel, steering travel or
control operation, or obscure lights
or reflectors.
• Accessories fitted to the handlebar or the front fork area can
create instability due to improper
weight distribution or aerodynamic changes. If accessories
are added to the handlebar or
front fork area, they must be as
lightweight as possible and
should be kept to a minimum.
• Bulky or large accessories may
seriously affect the stability of
the scooter due to aerodynamic
effects. Wind may attempt to lift
the scooter, or the scooter may
become unstable in cross
winds. These accessories may
also cause instability when
passing or being passed by
large vehicles.
1-4
●
• Certain accessories can displace the operator from his or
her normal riding position. This
improper position limits the freedom of movement of the operator and may limit control ability,
therefore, such accessories are
not recommended.
Use caution when adding electrical accessories. If electrical accessories exceed the capacity of the
scooter’s electrical system, an
electric failure could result, which
could cause a dangerous loss of
lights or engine power.
Aftermarket Tires and Rims
The tires and rims that came with your
scooter were designed to match the
performance capabilities and to provide
the best combination of handling, braking, and comfort. Other tires, rims, sizes, and combinations may not be
appropriate. Refer to page 6-12 for tire
specifications and more information on
replacing your tires.
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SAFETY INFORMATION
EAU10372
Further safe-riding points
●
●
●
●
●
●
Be sure to signal clearly when
making turns.
Braking can be extremely difficult
on a wet road. Avoid hard braking,
because the scooter could slide.
Apply the brakes slowly when
stopping on a wet surface.
Slow down as you approach a corner or turn. Once you have completed a turn, accelerate slowly.
Be careful when passing parked
cars. A driver might not see you
and open a door in your path.
Railroad crossings, streetcar rails,
iron plates on road construction
sites, and manhole covers become extremely slippery when
wet. Slow down and cross them
with caution. Keep the scooter upright, otherwise it could slide out
from under you.
The brake pads could get wet
when you wash the scooter. After
washing the scooter, check the
brakes before riding.
●
●
Always wear a helmet, gloves,
trousers (tapered around the cuff
and ankle so they do not flap), and
a bright colored jacket.
Do not carry too much luggage on
the scooter. An overloaded scooter is unstable. Use a strong cord to
secure any luggage to the carrier
(if equipped). A loose load will affect the stability of the scooter and
could divert your attention from the
road. (See page 1-1.)
1-5
1
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DESCRIPTION
EAU10410
Left view
1 2 3
4
2
9
8
5
7
6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9. Coolant level check window (page 6-9)
Rear brake lever (page 3-5)
Left handlebar switches (page 3-4)
Speedometer unit (page 3-3)
Main switch/steering lock (page 3-1)
Final transmission oil filler cap (page 6-8)
Centerstand (page 6-17)
Kickstarter (page 3-9)
Air filter element (page 6-10)
2-1
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DESCRIPTION
EAU10420
Right view
1 2
3
4
2
6
5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Fuel tank cap (page 3-5)
Throttle grip (page 6-11)
Front brake lever (page 3-5)
Coolant reservoir cap (page 6-9)
Battery/fuse (page 6-19/6-20)
Oil tank cap (page 3-8)
2-2
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU10460
Main switch/steering lock
EAU10661
N
OFF “ ”
All electrical systems are off. The key
can be removed.
PE
EWA10061
O
WARNING
PUSH
Never turn the key to “ ” or “ ”
while the vehicle is moving. Otherwise the electrical systems will be
switched off, which may result in
loss of control or an accident.
3
ZAUM0253
The main switch/steering lock controls
the ignition and lighting systems, and is
used to lock the steering. The various
positions are described below.
EAU10670
CHECK “ ”
The 2-stroke engine oil level warning
light should come on. (See page 3-2.)
EAU10640
EAU10681
ON “ ”
All electrical circuits are supplied with
power, and the engine can be started.
The key cannot be removed.
LOCK “ ”
The steering is locked, and all electrical
systems are off. The key can be removed.
TIP
The headlight, meter lighting and taillight come on automatically when the
engine is started.
To lock the steering
1. Turn the handlebars all the way to
the left.
2. Push the key in from the “ ” position, and then turn it to “ ” while
still pushing it.
3. Remove the key.
3-1
To unlock the steering
Push the key in, and then turn it to “
while still pushing it.
”
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU11003
Indicator and warning lights
TEMP
1 2 3
ZAUM0254
1. Turn signal indicator light “
2. High beam indicator light “
”
3. Oil level warning light “
”
”
EAU11020
Turn signal indicator light “
”
This indicator light flashes when the
turn signal switch is pushed to the left or
right.
EAU11181
Coolant temperature warning
light “ ”
TIP
If the warning light does not come on
when the key is in the “ ” position or
does not go off after the 2-stroke engine oil tank has been refilled, have a
Yamaha dealer check the electrical circuit.
This warning light comes on if the engine overheats. If this occurs, stop the
engine immediately and allow the engine to cool.
EAU11080
High beam indicator light “ ”
This indicator light comes on when the
high beam of the headlight is switched
on.
EAU11433
Oil level warning light “
”
This warning light comes on when the
key is in the “ ” position or if the oil level in the 2-stroke engine oil tank is low
during operation. If the warning light
comes on during operation, stop immediately and fill the oil tank with Yamalube 2 or equivalent 2-stroke engine
oil of either JASO grade “FC” or ISO
grades “EG-C” or “EG-D”. The warning
light should go off after the 2-stroke engine oil tank has been refilled.
ECA16291
1/2
E
F
Km / h
3
TEMP
1
ZAUM0255
1. Coolant temperature warning light “
”
ECA10021
NOTICE
Do not continue to operate the engine if it is overheating.
NOTICE
Do not operate the vehicle until you
know that the engine oil level is sufficient.
3-2
TIP
●
For radiator-fan-equipped vehicles, the radiator fan(s) automatically switch on or off according to
the coolant temperature in the radiator.
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
●
If the engine overheats, see page
6-24 for further instructions.
EAUT1821
Speedometer unit
EAU11851
Tachometer (if equipped)
1
2
1
3
2
ZAUM0801
ZAUM0292
1. Speedometer
2. Odometer
1. Tachometer
2. Tachometer red zone
The speedometer unit is equipped with
a speedometer and an odometer. The
speedometer shows the riding speed.
The odometer shows the total distance
traveled.
The electric tachometer allows the rider
to monitor the engine speed and keep it
within the ideal power range.
ECA10031
NOTICE
Do not operate the engine in the tachometer red zone.
Red zone: 10000 r/min and above
3-3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU12140
Fuel gauge
EAU12347
Handlebar switches
Left
1/2
E
F
1
EAU12460
ZAUM0257
1. Fuel gauge
The fuel gauge indicates the amount of
fuel in the fuel tank. The needle moves
towards “E” (Empty) as the fuel level
decreases. When the needle reaches
“E”, refuel as soon as possible.
EAU12400
Dimmer switch “ / ”
Set this switch to “ ” for the high
beam and to “ ” for the low beam.
1. Horn switch “
”
2. Turn signal switch “
/
”
3. Dimmer switch “
/
”
Right
Turn signal switch “ / ”
To signal a right-hand turn, push this
switch to “ ”. To signal a left-hand
turn, push this switch to “ ”. When released, the switch returns to the center
position. To cancel the turn signal
lights, push the switch in after it has returned to the center position.
EAU12500
Horn switch “
”
Press this switch to sound the horn.
EAUM1132
TIP
Do not allow the fuel tank to empty itself
completely.
Start switch “ ”
Push this switch while applying the
front or rear brake to crank the engine
with the starter. See page 5-1 for starting instructions prior to starting the engine.
1. Start switch “
”
3-4
3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU12900
Front brake lever
EAU12950
Rear brake lever
1
EAUM2081
Fuel tank cap
1
1
3
ZAUM0084
ZAUM0085
ZAUM0262
1. Front brake lever
1. Rear brake lever
1. Fuel tank cap
The front brake lever is located on the
right handlebar grip. To apply the front
brake, pull this lever toward the handlebar grip.
The rear brake lever is located on the
left handlebar grip. To apply the rear
brake, pull this lever toward the handlebar grip.
To remove the fuel tank cap
1. Open the fuel tank cap lock cover.
2. Insert the key into the lock and turn
it 1/4 turn counterclockwise. The
lock will be released and the fuel
tank cap can be removed.
To install the fuel tank cap
1. Push the fuel tank cap into position
with the key inserted in the lock.
2. Turn the key clockwise to the original position, and then remove it.
3. Close the lock cover.
3-5
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU13212
TIP
The fuel tank cap cannot be installed
unless the key is in the lock. In addition,
the key cannot be removed if the cap is
not properly installed and locked.
EWA11141
WARNING
Make sure that the fuel tank cap is
properly installed before riding.
Leaking fuel is a fire hazard.
Fuel
Make sure there is sufficient gasoline in
the tank.
EWA10881
1
2
WARNING
Gasoline and gasoline vapors are
extremely flammable. To avoid fires
and explosions and to reduce the
risk of injury when refueling, follow
these instructions.
1. Before refueling, turn off the engine and be sure that no one is sitting on the vehicle. Never refuel
while smoking, or while in the vicinity of sparks, open flames, or
other sources of ignition such as
the pilot lights of water heaters and
clothes dryers.
2. Do not overfill the fuel tank. Stop
filling when the fuel reaches the
bottom of the filler tube. Because
fuel expands when it heats up,
heat from the engine or the sun
can cause fuel to spill out of the
fuel tank.
3-6
3
ZAUM0020
1. Fuel tank filler tube
2. Fuel level
3. Wipe up any spilled fuel immediately. NOTICE: Immediately wipe
off spilled fuel with a clean, dry,
soft cloth, since fuel may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic
parts. [ECA10071]
4. Be sure to securely close the fuel
tank cap.
EWA15151
WARNING
Gasoline is poisonous and can
cause injury or death. Handle gasoline with care. Never siphon gasoline by mouth. If you should swallow
some gasoline or inhale a lot of gasoline vapor, or get some gasoline in
your eyes, see your doctor immedi-
U3C6E1E0.book Page 7 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
ately. If gasoline spills on your skin,
wash with soap and water. If gasoline spills on your clothing, change
your clothes.
EAU41272
3
Recommended fuel:
Premium unleaded gasoline only
Fuel tank capacity:
7.0 L (1.85 US gal, 1.54 Imp.gal)
Gasohol (for Canada)
There are two types of gasohol: gasohol containing ethanol and that containing methanol. Gasohol containing
ethanol can be used if the ethanol content does not exceed 10%. Gasohol
containing methanol is not recommended by Yamaha because it can
cause damage to the fuel system or vehicle performance problems.
ECA11400
NOTICE
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use
of leaded gasoline will cause severe
damage to internal engine parts,
such as the valves and piston rings,
as well as to the exhaust system.
Your Yamaha engine has been designed to use premium unleaded gasoline with a pump octane number
[(R+M)/2] of 91 or higher, or a research
octane number of 95 or higher. If
knocking (or pinging) occurs, use a
gasoline of a different brand. Use of unleaded fuel will extend spark plug life
and reduce maintenance costs.
3-7
EAU13445
Catalytic converters
This vehicle is equipped with catalytic
converters in the exhaust system.
EWA10862
WARNING
The exhaust system is hot after operation. To prevent a fire hazard or
burns:
● Do not park the vehicle near
possible fire hazards such as
grass or other materials that
easily burn.
● Park the vehicle in a place
where pedestrians or children
are not likely to touch the hot
exhaust system.
● Make sure that the exhaust system has cooled down before doing any maintenance work.
● Do not allow the engine to idle
more than a few minutes. Long
idling can cause a build-up of
heat.
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
ECA10701
NOTICE
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use
of leaded gasoline will cause unrepairable damage to the catalytic
converter.
EAUM2500
2-stroke engine oil
1
3
2
ZAUM0263
1. Storage compartment B
2. Oil tank cap
Make sure that there is sufficient 2stroke engine oil in the oil tank. If necessary, add the recommended 2-stroke
engine oil as follows.
1. Open the storage compartment.
(See page 3-10.)
2. Remove the engine oil tank cap by
pulling it off.
3. Fill the oil tank with the recommended 2-stroke engine oil, and
then install the tank cap by pushing it into the filler hole.
3-8
ZAUM0204
Recommended oil:
See page 8-1.
Oil quantity:
1.40 L (1.48 US qt, 1.23 Imp.qt)
TIP
Make sure that the 2-stroke engine oil
tank cap is properly installed before
riding the vehicle.
U3C6E1E0.book Page 9 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAUS1050
Kickstarter
EAU14160
Rider seat
1
3
ZAUM0146
To open the rider seat
1. Place the scooter on the centerstand.
2. Insert the key into the main switch,
and then turn it counterclockwise.
TIP
Do not push inward when turning the
key.
1. Kickstarter
3. Fold the rider seat up.
To start the engine, push the kickstarter
down lightly with your foot until the
gears engage, and then push it down
smoothly but forcefully.
1
ZAUM0264
1. Seat
To close the rider seat
1. Fold the rider seat down, and then
push it down to lock it in place.
3-9
2. Remove the key from the main
switch if the scooter will be left unattended.
TIP
Make sure that the seat is properly secured before riding.
U3C6E1E0.book Page 10 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAUM2530
ECA10080
TIP
Storage compartments
NOTICE
This vehicle is equipped with two storage compartments.
Keep the following points in mind
when using the storage compartment.
● Since the storage compartment
accumulates heat when exposed to the sun, do not store
anything susceptible to heat inside it.
● To avoid humidity from spreading through the storage compartment, wrap wet articles in a
plastic bag before storing them
in the compartment.
● Since the storage compartment
may get wet while the scooter is
being washed, wrap any articles
stored in the compartment in a
plastic bag.
● Do not keep anything valuable
or breakable in the storage compartment.
Storage compartment A
1
ZAUM0265
1. Storage compartment A
Storage compartment A is located under the rider seat. (See page 3-9.)
EWA10961
WARNING
●
●
Do not exceed the load limit of 3
kg (7 lb) for the storage compartment.
Do not exceed the maximum
load of 180 kg (397 lb) for the vehicle.
To store a helmet in the storage compartment, place the helmet upsidedown with the front facing forward.
●
●
Some helmets cannot be stored in
the storage compartment because
of their size or shape.
Do not leave your scooter unattended with the seat open.
Storage compartment B
Storage compartment B is located in
front of the rider seat.
To open the storage compartment
1. Insert the key into the lock, and
then turn it clockwise.
2
1
ZAUM0266
1. Storage compartment lock
2. Open.
2. Fold the storage compartment
cover up.
3-10
3
U3C6E1E0.book Page 11 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
To close the storage compartment
1. Fold the storage compartment
cover down.
2. Turn the key counterclockwise,
and then remove it.
EAU14832
Adjusting the shock absorber
assembly (if equipped)
1
2
3
(a)
Spring preload setting:
Minimum (soft):
(b)
Standard:
middle
Maximum (hard):
(a)
(b)
ZAUM0294
1. Spring preload adjusting ring
2. Position indicator
EWA10221
This shock absorber assembly is
equipped with a spring preload adjusting ring.
ECA10101
NOTICE
To avoid damaging the mechanism,
do not attempt to turn beyond the
maximum or minimum settings.
Adjust the spring preload as follows.
To increase the spring preload and
thereby harden the suspension, turn
the adjusting ring in direction (a). To de-
3-11
crease the spring preload and thereby
soften the suspension, turn the adjusting ring in direction (b).
Align the appropriate notch in the adjusting ring with the position indicator
on the shock absorber.
WARNING
This shock absorber assembly contains highly pressurized nitrogen
gas. Read and understand the following information before handling
the shock absorber assembly.
● Do not tamper with or attempt to
open the cylinder assembly.
● Do not subject the shock absorber assembly to an open
flame or other high heat source.
This may cause the unit to explode due to excessive gas
pressure.
U3C6E1E0.book Page 12 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
●
●
Do not deform or damage the
cylinder in any way. Cylinder
damage will result in poor
damping performance.
Do not dispose of a damaged or
worn-out shock absorber assembly yourself. Take the shock
absorber assembly to a Yamaha
dealer for any service.
3
3-12
U3C6E1E0.book Page 1 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
FOR YOUR SAFETY – PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
EAU15596
Inspect your vehicle each time you use it to make sure the vehicle is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection
and maintenance procedures and schedules described in the Owner’s Manual.
EWA11151
WARNING
Failure to inspect or maintain the vehicle properly increases the possibility of an accident or equipment damage.
Do not operate the vehicle if you find any problem. If a problem cannot be corrected by the procedures provided in
this manual, have the vehicle inspected by a Yamaha dealer.
Before using this vehicle, check the following points:
4
ITEM
CHECKS
PAGE
Fuel
• Check fuel level in fuel tank.
• Refuel if necessary.
• Check fuel line for leakage.
3-6
2-stroke engine oil
• Check oil level in oil tank.
• If necessary, add recommended oil to specified level.
• Check vehicle for oil leakage.
3-8
Final transmission oil
• Check vehicle for oil leakage.
6-8
Coolant
• Check coolant level in reservoir.
• If necessary, add recommended coolant to specified level.
• Check cooling system for leakage.
6-9
Front brake
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check operation.
If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
Check brake pads for wear.
Replace if necessary.
Check fluid level in reservoir.
If necessary, add recommended brake fluid to specified level.
Check hydraulic system for leakage.
4-1
6-14, 6-14, 6-15
U3C6E1E0.book Page 2 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
FOR YOUR SAFETY – PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
ITEM
CHECKS
Check operation.
If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
Check brake pads for wear.
Replace if necessary.
Check fluid level in reservoir.
If necessary, add recommended brake fluid to specified level.
Check hydraulic system for leakage.
PAGE
Rear brake
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Throttle grip
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Check cable free play.
• If necessary, have Yamaha dealer adjust cable free play and lubricate cable and
grip housing.
6-11, 6-16
Wheels and tires
•
•
•
•
6-12, 6-13
Brake levers
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate lever pivoting points if necessary.
6-16
Centerstand
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate pivot if necessary.
6-17
Chassis fasteners
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are properly tightened.
• Tighten if necessary.
—
Instruments, lights, signals
and switches
• Check operation.
• Correct if necessary.
—
Battery
• Check fluid level.
• Fill with distilled water if necessary.
Check for damage.
Check tire condition and tread depth.
Check air pressure.
Correct if necessary.
6-14, 6-14, 6-15
4
6-19
4-2
U3C6E1E0.book Page 1 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU15951
EAU16562
Starting a cold engine
Read the Owner’s Manual carefully to
become familiar with all controls. If
there is a control or function you do not
understand, ask your Yamaha dealer.
EWA10271
WARNING
See page 5-3 for engine break-in instructions prior to operating the vehicle for the first time.
1. Turn the key to “ ”, and when the
oil level warning light comes on,
turn it to “ ”.
PE
N
Failure to familiarize yourself with
the controls can lead to loss of control, which could cause an accident
or injury.
ECA10250
NOTICE
3. While applying the front or rear
brake, start the engine by pushing
the start switch or by pushing the
kickstarter lever down. NOTICE:
For maximum engine life, never
accelerate hard when the engine is cold! [ECA11041]
O
5
PUSH
ZAUM0367
ZAUM0253
ECA10240
NOTICE
If the oil level warning light does not
come on, have a Yamaha dealer
check the electrical circuit.
2. Close the throttle completely.
5-1
If the engine fails to start by pushing the start switch, release the
switch, wait a few seconds, and
then try again. Each starting attempt should be as short as possible to preserve the battery. Do not
crank the engine more than 5 seconds on any one attempt. If the engine does not start with the starter
motor, try using the kickstarter.
U3C6E1E0.book Page 2 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU16761
Starting off
EAU16780
Acceleration and deceleration
EAU16793
Braking
EWA10300
TIP
Before starting off, allow the engine to
warm up.
WARNING
(b)
1. While pulling the rear brake lever
with your left hand and holding the
grab bar with your right hand, push
the scooter off the centerstand.
(a)
●
●
ZAUM0199
The speed can be adjusted by opening
and closing the throttle. To increase the
speed, turn the throttle grip in direction
(a). To reduce the speed, turn the throttle grip in direction (b).
●
●
ZAUM0267
2. Sit astride the seat, and then adjust the rear view mirrors.
3. Switch the turn signals on.
4. Check for oncoming traffic, and
then slowly turn the throttle grip (on
the right) in order to take off.
5. Switch the turn signals off.
Avoid braking hard or suddenly
(especially when leaning over to
one side), otherwise the scooter
may skid or overturn.
Railroad crossings, streetcar
rails, iron plates on road construction sites, and manhole
covers become extremely slippery when wet. Therefore, slow
down when approaching such
areas and cross them with caution.
Keep in mind that braking on a
wet road is much more difficult.
Ride slowly down a hill, as braking downhill can be very difficult.
1. Close the throttle completely.
2. Apply both front and rear brakes
simultaneously while gradually increasing the pressure.
5-2
5
U3C6E1E0.book Page 3 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU16820
Tips for reducing fuel consumption
ZAUM0269
5
Fuel consumption depends largely on
your riding style. Consider the following
tips to reduce fuel consumption:
● Avoid high engine speeds during
acceleration.
● Avoid high engine speeds with no
load on the engine.
● Turn the engine off instead of letting it idle for an extended length of
time (e.g., in traffic jams, at traffic
lights or at railroad crossings).
EAU16830
Engine break-in
There is never a more important period
in the life of your engine than the period
between 0 and 1000 km (600 mi). For
this reason, you should read the following material carefully.
Since the engine is brand new, do not
put an excessive load on it for the first
1000 km (600 mi). The various parts in
the engine wear and polish themselves
to the correct operating clearances.
During this period, prolonged full-throttle operation or any condition that might
result in engine overheating must be
avoided.
EAUM2091
0–150 km (0–90 mi)
Avoid prolonged operation above 1/3
throttle. Vary the speed of the scooter
from time to time. Do not operate it at
one set throttle position.
150–500 km (90–300 mi)
Avoid prolonged operation above 1/2
throttle.
500–1000 km (300–600 mi)
Avoid cruising speeds in excess of 3/4
throttle.
5-3
U3C6E1E0.book Page 4 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
1000 km (600 mi) and beyond
Avoid prolonged full throttle operation.
Vary speeds occasionally. NOTICE:
After 1000 km (600 mi) of operation,
the final transmission oil must be
changed. [ECAM1071]
EAU17213
Parking
When parking, stop the engine, and
then remove the key from the main
switch.
EWA10311
WARNING
ECA10270
NOTICE
If any engine trouble should occur
during the engine break-in period,
immediately have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.
●
●
●
Since the engine and exhaust
system can become very hot,
park in a place where pedestrians or children are not likely to
touch them and be burned.
Do not park on a slope or on soft
ground, otherwise the vehicle
may overturn, increasing the
risk of a fuel leak and fire.
Do not park near grass or other
flammable materials which
might catch fire.
5-4
5
U3C6E1E0.book Page 1 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU17281
EWA15121
WARNING
6
Periodic inspection, adjustment, and lubrication will keep your vehicle in the
safest and most efficient condition possible. Safety is an obligation of the vehicle owner/operator. The most important
points of vehicle inspection, adjustment, and lubrication are explained on
the following pages.
The intervals given in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart
should be simply considered as a general guide under normal riding conditions. However, depending on the
weather, terrain, geographical location,
and individual use, the maintenance intervals may need to be shortened.
Turn off the engine when performing
maintenance
unless
otherwise
specified.
● A running engine has moving
parts that can catch on body
parts or clothing and electrical
parts that can cause shocks or
fires.
● Running the engine while servicing can lead to eye injury,
burns, fire, or carbon monoxide
poisoning – possibly leading to
death. See page 1-1 for more information about carbon monoxide.
EWA10330
EWA10321
WARNING
Failure to properly maintain the vehicle or performing maintenance activities incorrectly may increase
your risk of injury or death during
service or while using the vehicle. If
you are not familiar with vehicle service, have a Yamaha dealer perform
service.
WARNING
This scooter is designed for use on
paved roads only. If this scooter is
operated in abnormally dusty, muddy or wet conditions, the air filter element should be cleaned or
replaced more frequently, otherwise
rapid engine wear may result. Consult a Yamaha dealer for proper
maintenance intervals.
6-1
U3C6E1E0.book Page 2 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU17715
Periodic maintenance and lubrication chart
TIP
●
●
●
The annual checks must be performed every year, except if a kilometer-based maintenance, or for the UK, a
mileage-based maintenance, is performed instead.
From 30000 km (17500 mi), repeat the maintenance intervals starting from 6000 km (3500 mi).
Items marked with an asterisk should be performed by a Yamaha dealer as they require special tools, data and technical
skills.
ODOMETER READING
NO.
ITEM
CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB
1000 km
(600 mi)
6000 km
(3500 mi)
12000 km
(7000 mi)
18000 km
(10500 mi)
24000 km
(14000 mi)
ANNUAL
CHECK
1 * Fuel line
• Check fuel and vacuum hoses for
cracks or damage.
√
√
√
√
√
2
• Replace.
√
√
√
√
√
• Clean.
√
3
Spark plug
Air filter element
4 * Battery
5 * Front brake
√
• Replace.
• Check electrolyte level and specific gravity.
• Make sure that the breather hose
is properly routed.
• Check operation, fluid level and
vehicle for fluid leakage.
√
• Check operation, fluid level and
vehicle for fluid leakage.
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
• Replace brake pads.
6 * Rear brake
√
Whenever worn to the limit
√
• Replace brake pads.
√
√
√
Whenever worn to the limit
6-2
6
U3C6E1E0.book Page 3 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
ODOMETER READING
NO.
ITEM
7 * Brake hoses
6
CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB
1000 km
(600 mi)
• Check for cracks or damage.
6000 km
(3500 mi)
12000 km
(7000 mi)
18000 km
(10500 mi)
24000 km
(14000 mi)
√
√
√
√
• Replace.
• Check runout and for damage.
√
√
√
√
9 * Tires
• Check tread depth and for damage.
• Replace if necessary.
• Check air pressure.
• Correct if necessary.
√
√
√
√
10 * Wheel bearings
• Check bearing for looseness or
damage.
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
11 * Steering bearings
12 * Chassis fasteners
√
Every 4 years
8 * Wheels
• Check bearing play and steering
for roughness.
ANNUAL
CHECK
√
• Lubricate with lithium-soap-based
grease.
√
Every 24000 km (14000 mi)
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and
screws are properly tightened.
√
√
√
√
√
13
Front brake lever
pivot shaft
• Lubricate with silicone grease.
√
√
√
√
√
14
Rear brake lever
pivot shaft
• Lubricate with silicone grease.
√
√
√
√
√
15
Centerstand
• Check operation.
• Lubricate.
√
√
√
√
√
• Check operation and for oil leakage.
√
√
√
√
• Check operation and shock absorber for oil leakage.
√
√
√
√
16 * Front fork
17 *
Shock absorber assembly
6-3
U3C6E1E0.book Page 4 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
ODOMETER READING
NO.
ITEM
CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB
6000 km
(3500 mi)
12000 km
(7000 mi)
18000 km
(10500 mi)
24000 km
(14000 mi)
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
18 * Carburetor
• Adjust engine idling speed.
√
19 * Autolube pump
• Check operation.
• Bleed if necessary.
√
20 * Cooling system
• Check coolant level and vehicle
for coolant leakage.
√
√
• Change.
21
Final transmission
oil
22 * V-belt
√
• Change.
√
√
• Check operation.
24
Moving parts and
cables
25 *
26 *
√
√
√
• Replace.
Front and rear brake
switches
√
Every 3 years
• Check vehicle for oil leakage.
23 *
ANNUAL
CHECK
1000 km
(600 mi)
√
Every 10000 km (6000 mi)
√
√
√
√
√
√
• Lubricate.
√
√
√
√
√
Throttle grip housing and cable
• Check operation and free play.
• Adjust the throttle cable free play
if necessary.
• Lubricate the throttle grip housing
and cable.
√
√
√
√
√
Lights, signals and
switches
• Check operation.
• Adjust headlight beam.
√
√
√
√
√
√
EAUM2070
TIP
●
The air filter needs more frequent service if you are riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
6-4
6
U3C6E1E0.book Page 5 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
●
Hydraulic brake service
• Regularly check and, if necessary, correct the brake fluid level.
• Every two years change the brake fluid.
• Replace the brake hoses every four years and if cracked or damaged.
6
6-5
U3C6E1E0.book Page 6 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU18740
Removing and installing the
cowling and panel
2
1
1
1
2
ZAUM0271
ZAUM0272
1. Screw
1. Panel A
2. Screw
To install the cowling
Place the cowling in the original position, and then install the screws.
ZAUM0270
1. Cowling A
2. Panel A
The cowling and panel shown above
need to be removed to perform some of
the maintenance jobs described in this
chapter. Refer to this section each time
a cowling or panel needs to be removed and installed.
EAU18790
Cowling A
EAUM1250
Panel A
To remove the panel
1. Open the storage compartment.
(See page 3-10.)
2. Remove the screw, and then take
the panel off.
To remove the cowling
Remove the screws, and then take the
cowling off.
6-6
To install the panel
1. Place the panel in the original position, and then install the screw.
2. Close the storage compartment.
6
U3C6E1E0.book Page 7 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU19622
Checking the spark plug
6
The spark plug is an important engine
component, which should be checked
periodically, preferably by a Yamaha
dealer. Since heat and deposits will
cause any spark plug to slowly erode, it
should be removed and checked in accordance with the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. In addition,
the condition of the spark plug can reveal the condition of the engine.
The porcelain insulator around the center electrode of the spark plug should
be a medium-to-light tan (the ideal color
when the vehicle is ridden normally). If
the spark plug shows a distinctly different color, the engine could be operating
improperly. Do not attempt to diagnose
such problems yourself. Instead, have
a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
If the spark plug shows signs of electrode erosion and excessive carbon or
other deposits, it should be replaced.
Specified spark plug:
NGK/BR8HS
Before installing a spark plug, the spark
plug gap should be measured with a
wire thickness gauge and, if necessary,
adjusted to specification.
1
ZAUM0037
1. Spark plug gap
Spark plug gap:
0.6–0.7 mm (0.024–0.028 in)
Clean the surface of the spark plug
gasket and its mating surface, and then
wipe off any grime from the spark plug
threads.
Tightening torque:
Spark plug:
20 Nm (2.0 m·kgf, 14 ft·lbf)
6-7
TIP
If a torque wrench is not available when
installing a spark plug, a good estimate
of the correct torque is 1/4–1/2 turn
past finger tight. However, the spark
plug should be tightened to the specified torque as soon as possible.
U3C6E1E0.book Page 8 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU20064
Final transmission oil
The final transmission case must be
checked for oil leakage before each
ride. If any leakage is found, have a
Yamaha dealer check and repair the
scooter. In addition, the final transmission oil must be changed as follows at
the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
1. Start the engine, warm up the final
transmission oil by riding the
scooter for several minutes, and
then stop the engine.
2. Place the scooter on the centerstand.
3. Place an oil pan under the final
transmission case to collect the
used oil.
4. Remove the final transmission oil
filler cap and final transmission
drain bolt to drain the oil from the final transmission case.
2
ZAUM0273
Recommended final transmission
oil:
See page 8-1.
Oil quantity:
0.11 L (0.12 US qt, 0.10 Imp.qt)
7. Check the final transmission case
for oil leakage. If oil is leaking,
check for the cause.
1
1. Final transmission oil drain bolt
2. Final transmission oil filler cap
5. Install the final transmission oil
drain bolt, and then tighten it to the
specified torque.
6
Tightening torque:
Final transmission oil drain bolt:
18 Nm (1.8 m·kgf, 13 ft·lbf)
6. Refill with the specified amount of
the recommended final transmission oil, and then install and tighten
the oil filler cap. WARNING! Make
sure that no foreign material enters the final transmission case.
Make sure that no oil gets on the
tire or wheel. [EWA11311]
6-8
U3C6E1E0.book Page 9 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
wise the cooling system will not
be protected against frost and
corrosion. If water has been
added to the coolant, have a
Yamaha dealer check the antifreeze content of the coolant as
soon as possible, otherwise the
effectiveness of the coolant will
be reduced. [ECA10472]
EAU20070
Coolant
The coolant level should be checked
before each ride. In addition, the coolant must be changed at the intervals
specified in the periodic maintenance
and lubrication chart.
1
2
EAUM2102
To check the coolant level
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface and hold it in an upright position.
TIP
●
6
●
The coolant level must be checked
on a cold engine since the level
varies with engine temperature.
Make sure that the vehicle is positioned straight up when checking
the coolant level. A slight tilt to the
side can result in a false reading.
2. Check the coolant level through
the check window.
TIP
The coolant should be between the
minimum and maximum level marks.
ZAUM0591
1. Maximum level mark
2. Minimum level mark
3. If the coolant is at or below the
minimum level mark, remove the
cowling A. (See page 6-6.)
4. Open the reservoir cap, and then
add coolant to the maximum level
mark. WARNING! Remove only
the coolant reservoir cap. Never
attempt to remove the radiator
cap when the engine is hot.
[EWA15161] NOTICE: If coolant is not
available, use distilled water or
soft tap water instead. Do not
use hard water or salt water
since it is harmful to the engine.
If water has been used instead
of coolant, replace it with coolant as soon as possible, other6-9
1
ZAUM0274
1. Coolant reservoir cap
Coolant reservoir capacity:
0.25 L (0.26 US qt, 0.22 Imp.qt)
5. Close the reservoir cap, and then
install the cowling.
U3C6E1E0.book Page 10 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU33031
Changing the coolant
The coolant must be changed at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. Have a
Yamaha dealer change the coolant.
WARNING! Never attempt to remove
the radiator cap when the engine is
hot. [EWA10381]
[EWA10431] NOTICE: To avoid damaging the foam material, handle
it gently and carefully, and do
not twist or wring it. [ECA10511]
EAUM1642
Cleaning the air filter element
The air filter element should be cleaned
at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
Clean the air filter element more frequently if you are riding in unusually
wet or dusty areas.
1. Remove the air filter case cover by
removing the screws.
1
ZAUM0276
1. Air filter element
3. Apply oil of the recommended type
to the entire surface of the element, and then squeeze the excess oil out.
1
ZAUM0275
1. Screw
2. Pull the air filter element out, clean
it with solvent, and then squeeze
the remaining solvent out.
WARNING! Use only a dedicated parts cleaning solvent. To
avoid the risk of fire or explosion, do not use gasoline or solvents with a low flash point.
6-10
1
2
3
4
ZAUM0156
6
U3C6E1E0.book Page 11 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU21300
TIP
The air filter element should be wet but
not dripping.
Recommended oil:
Foam air filter oil
6
4. Insert the element into the air filter
case. NOTICE: Make sure that
the air filter element is properly
seated in the air filter case. The
engine should never be operated without the air filter element
installed, otherwise the piston(s) and/or cylinder(s) may
become
excessively
worn.
Adjusting the carburetor
The carburetor is an important part of
the engine and requires very sophisticated adjustment. Therefore, all carburetor adjustments should be left to a
Yamaha dealer, who has the necessary professional knowledge and experience.
EAU21382
Checking the throttle cable
free play
1
ZAUM0051
1. Throttle cable free play
The throttle cable free play should measure 1.5–3.0 mm (0.06–0.12 in) at the
throttle grip. Periodically check the
throttle cable free play and, if necessary, have a Yamaha dealer adjust it.
[ECA10481]
5. Install the air filter case cover by installing the screws.
6-11
U3C6E1E0.book Page 12 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU21872
Tires
To maximize the performance, durability, and safe operation of your vehicle,
note the following points regarding the
specified tires.
Tire air pressure
ZAUM0053
The tire air pressure should be checked
and, if necessary, adjusted before each
ride.
EWA10501
WARNING
Operation of this vehicle with improper tire pressure may cause severe injury or death from loss of
control.
●
●
The tire air pressure must be
checked and adjusted on cold
tires (i.e., when the temperature
of the tires equals the ambient
temperature).
The tire air pressure must be adjusted in accordance with the
riding speed and with the total
weight of rider, passenger, cargo, and accessories approved
for this model.
Tire air pressure (measured on cold
tires):
0–90 kg (0–198 lb):
Front:
150 kPa (1.50 kgf/cm², 22 psi)
Rear:
150 kPa (1.50 kgf/cm², 22 psi)
90–180 kg (198–397 lb):
Front:
160 kPa (1.60 kgf/cm², 23 psi)
Rear:
170 kPa (1.70 kgf/cm², 25 psi)
Maximum load*:
180 kg (397 lb)
* Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and accessories
EWA10511
WARNING
Never overload your vehicle. Operation of an overloaded vehicle could
cause an accident.
Tire inspection
1
2
6
ZAUM0054
1. Tire tread depth
2. Tire sidewall
The tires must be checked before each
ride. If the center tread depth reaches
the specified limit, if the tire has a nail or
glass fragments in it, or if the sidewall is
cracked, have a Yamaha dealer replace the tire immediately.
Minimum tire tread depth (front and
rear):
1.6 mm (0.06 in)
6-12
U3C6E1E0.book Page 13 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EWA10470
TIP
The tire tread depth limits may differ
from country to country. Always comply
with the local regulations.
Tire information
This model is equipped with tubeless
tires.
After extensive tests, only the tires listed below have been approved for this
model by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
6
Front tire:
Size:
130/60-13 53L (MICHELIN), 53P
(PIRELLI)
Manufacturer/model:
MICHELIN / PILOT SPORT
PIRELLI / EVO21
Rear tire:
Size:
140/60-13 57L (MICHELIN), 53P
(PIRELLI)
Manufacturer/model:
MICHELIN / PILOT SPORT
PIRELLI / EVO22
●
●
EAU21960
WARNING
Cast wheels
Have a Yamaha dealer replace
excessively worn tires. Besides
being illegal, operating the vehicle with excessively worn tires
decreases riding stability and
can lead to loss of control.
The replacement of all wheel
and brake related parts, including the tires, should be left to a
Yamaha dealer, who has the
necessary professional knowledge and experience.
To maximize the performance, durability, and safe operation of your vehicle,
note the following points regarding the
specified wheels.
● The wheel rims should be checked
for cracks, bends or warpage before each ride. If any damage is
found, have a Yamaha dealer replace the wheel. Do not attempt
even the smallest repair to the
wheel. A deformed or cracked
wheel must be replaced.
● The wheel should be balanced
whenever either the tire or wheel
has been changed or replaced. An
unbalanced wheel can result in
poor performance, adverse handling characteristics, and a shortened tire life.
● Ride at moderate speeds after
changing a tire since the tire surface must first be “broken in” for it
to develop its optimal characteristics.
6-13
U3C6E1E0.book Page 14 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAUM2061
Checking the front and rear
brake lever free play
ver free play and, if necessary, have a
Yamaha dealer check the brake system.
EWA10641
WARNING
1
An incorrect brake lever free play indicates a hazardous condition in the
brake system. Do not operate the vehicle until the brake system has
been checked or repaired by a
Yamaha dealer.
EAU22390
Checking the front and rear
brake pads
The front and rear brake pads must be
checked for wear at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and
lubrication chart.
EAU22400
Front brake pads
ZAUM0107
1. Front brake lever free play
1
1
ZAUM0058
1. Lining thickness
Check each front brake pad for damage and measure the lining thickness. If
a brake pad is damaged or if the lining
thickness is less than 2 mm (0.08 in),
have a Yamaha dealer replace the
brake pads as a set.
ZAUM0108
1. Rear brake lever free play
The brake lever free play should measure 10.0–20.0 mm (0.39–0.79 in) as
shown. Periodically check the brake le6-14
6
U3C6E1E0.book Page 15 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU22500
EAU22580
Checking the brake fluid level
Rear brake pads
●
1
1
1
Recommended brake fluid:
DOT 4
●
ZAUM0278
6
Use only the recommended quality
brake fluid, otherwise the rubber
seals may deteriorate, causing
leakage and poor braking performance.
ZAUM0280
1. Lining thickness
1. Minimum level mark
Check each rear brake pad for damage
and measure the lining thickness. If a
brake pad is damaged or if the lining
thickness is less than 2 mm (0.08 in),
have a Yamaha dealer replace the
brake pads as a set.
Insufficient brake fluid may allow air to
enter the brake system, possibly causing it to become ineffective.
Before riding, check that the brake fluid
is above the minimum level mark and
replenish if necessary. A low brake fluid
level may indicate worn brake pads
and/or brake system leakage. If the
brake fluid level is low, be sure to check
the brake pads for wear and the brake
system for leakage.
Observe these precautions:
● When checking the fluid level,
make sure that the top of the brake
fluid reservoir is level.
6-15
●
●
●
Refill with the same type of brake
fluid. Mixing fluids may result in a
harmful chemical reaction and
lead to poor braking performance.
Be careful that water does not enter the brake fluid reservoir when
refilling. Water will significantly
lower the boiling point of the fluid
and may result in vapor lock.
Brake fluid may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic parts. Always clean up spilled fluid
immediately.
As the brake pads wear, it is normal for the brake fluid level to gradually go down. However, if the
brake fluid level goes down suddenly, have a Yamaha dealer
check the cause.
U3C6E1E0.book Page 16 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAUM1360
Changing the brake fluid
Have a Yamaha dealer change the
brake fluid at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. In addition, have the brake
hose replaced every four years or
whenever it is damaged or leaking.
EAU23111
Checking and lubricating the
throttle grip and cable
EAU23172
Lubricating the front and rear
brake levers
The operation of the throttle grip should
be checked before each ride. In addition, the cable should be lubricated at
the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance chart.
ZAUM0061
The pivoting points of the front and rear
brake levers must be lubricated at the
intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
Recommended lubricant:
Silicone grease
6-16
6
U3C6E1E0.book Page 17 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU23192
Checking and lubricating the
centerstand
EAU23272
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
The condition and operation of the front
fork must be checked as follows at the
intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
To check the condition
Check the inner tubes for scratches,
damage and excessive oil leakage.
1
To check the operation
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface and hold it in an upright position. WARNING! To avoid injury,
securely support the vehicle so
there is no danger of it falling
over. [EWA10751]
2. While applying the front brake,
push down hard on the handlebars
several times to check if the front
fork compresses and rebounds
smoothly.
ZAUM0455
1. Centerstand
6
Checking the front fork
The operation of the centerstand
should be checked before each ride,
and the pivots and metal-to-metal contact surfaces should be lubricated if
necessary.
EWA11301
WARNING
If the centerstand does not move up
and down smoothly, have a Yamaha
dealer check or repair it. Otherwise,
the centerstand could contact the
ground and distract the operator, resulting in a possible loss of control.
6-17
U3C6E1E0.book Page 18 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU45511
ZAUM0296
ECA10590
NOTICE
If any damage is found or the front
fork does not operate smoothly,
have a Yamaha dealer check or repair it.
EAU23290
Checking the steering
Checking the wheel bearings
Worn or loose steering bearings may
cause danger. Therefore, the operation
of the steering must be checked as follows at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication
chart.
1. Place the vehicle on the centerstand. WARNING! To avoid injury, securely support the vehicle
so there is no danger of it falling
over. [EWA10751]
2. Hold the lower ends of the front
fork legs and try to move them forward and backward. If any free
play can be felt, have a Yamaha
dealer check or repair the steering.
The front and rear wheel bearings must
be checked at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. If there is play in the wheel
hub or if the wheel does not turn
smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer check
the wheel bearings.
ZAUM0297
6-18
6
U3C6E1E0.book Page 19 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
distilled water, as tap water contains minerals that are harmful
to the battery. [ECA10611]
EAUM1403
Battery
TIP
Make sure that the scooter is positioned straight up when checking the
electrolyte level.
2. Remove panel A. (See page 6-6.)
3. Check the electrolyte level in the
battery.
1. Battery
6
A poorly maintained battery will corrode
and discharge quickly. The electrolyte
level, battery lead connections and
breather hose routing should be
checked before each ride and at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
To check the electrolyte level
1. Place the scooter on a level surface and hold it in an upright position.
1
UPPER
LOWER
+
EWA10760
WARNING
●
2
ZAUM0106
1. Maximum level mark
2. Minimum level mark
TIP
The electrolyte should be between the
minimum and maximum level marks.
4. If the electrolyte is at or below the
minimum level mark, add distilled
water to raise it to the maximum
level mark. NOTICE: Use only
6-19
●
Electrolyte is poisonous and
dangerous since it contains sulfuric acid, which causes severe
burns. Avoid any contact with
skin, eyes or clothing and always shield your eyes when
working near batteries. In case
of contact, administer the following FIRST AID.
• EXTERNAL: Flush with plenty
of water.
• INTERNAL: Drink large quantities of water or milk and immediately call a physician.
• EYES: Flush with water for 15
minutes and seek prompt
medical attention.
Batteries produce explosive hydrogen gas. Therefore, keep
sparks, flames, cigarettes, etc.,
away from the battery and provide sufficient ventilation when
charging it in an enclosed
space.
U3C6E1E0.book Page 20 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
●
KEEP THIS AND ALL BATTERIES OUT OF THE REACH OF
CHILDREN.
5. Check and, if necessary, tighten
the battery lead connections and
correct the breather hose routing.
To store the battery
1. If the scooter will not be used for
more than one month, remove the
battery, fully charge it, and then
place it in a cool, dry place.
NOTICE: When removing the
battery, be sure the key is
turned to “ ”, then disconnect
the negative lead before disconnecting the positive lead. [ECA16302]
2. If the battery will be stored for more
than two months, check the specific gravity of the electrolyte at least
once a month and fully charge the
battery whenever necessary.
3. Fully charge the battery before installation.
4. After installation, make sure that
the battery leads are properly connected to the battery terminals and
that the breather hose is properly
routed, in good condition, and not
obstructed. NOTICE: If the
breather hose is positioned in
such a way that the frame is exposed to electrolyte or gas expelled from the battery, the
frame could suffer structural
and external damages. [ECA10601]
EAU23503
Replacing the fuse
1
ZAUM0282
1. Fuse
The fuse holder is located behind panel
A. (See page 6-6.)
If the fuse is blown, replace it as follows.
1. Turn the key to “ ” and turn off all
electrical circuits.
2. Remove the blown fuse, and then
install a new fuse of the specified
amperage. WARNING! Do not
use a fuse of a higher amperage
rating than recommended to
avoid causing extensive damage to the electrical system and
possibly a fire. [EWA15131]
6-20
6
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAUM2111
Specified fuse:
7.5 A
3. Turn the key to “ ” and turn on
the electrical circuits to check if the
devices operate.
4. If the fuse immediately blows
again, have a Yamaha dealer
check the electrical system.
Replacing the headlight bulb
If the headlight bulb burns out, replace
it as follows.
ECA10670
NOTICE
It is advisable to have a Yamaha
dealer perform this job.
1. Remove cowling A. (See page
6-6.)
2. Disconnect the headlight coupler.
3. Remove the headlight bulb holder
by turning it counterclockwise, and
then remove the burnt out bulb.
6
1
ZAUM0283
1. Headlight bulb holder
4. Place a new headlight bulb into position, and then secure it with the
bulb holder.
5. Connect the coupler.
6-21
6. Install the cowling.
7. Have a Yamaha dealer adjust the
headlight beam if necessary.
U3C6E1E0.book Page 22 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU24133
Replacing the tail/brake light
bulb
1. Remove the tail/brake light lens by
removing the screws.
ZAUM0284
2. Remove the burnt-out bulb by
pushing it in and turning it counterclockwise.
3. Insert a new bulb into the socket,
push it in, and then turn it clockwise until it stops.
4. Install the lens by installing the
screws. NOTICE: Do not overtighten the screws, otherwise
the lens may break. [ECA10681]
EAU24204
Replacing a turn signal light
bulb
1. Remove the turn signal light lens
by removing the screw.
3. Insert a new bulb into the socket,
push it in, and then turn it clockwise until it stops.
4. Install the lens by installing the
screw. NOTICE: Do not overtighten the screw, otherwise the
lens may break. [ECA11191]
ZAUM0285
6
ZAUM0286
2. Remove the burnt-out bulb by
pushing it in and turning it counterclockwise.
6-22
U3C6E1E0.book Page 23 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU25881
Troubleshooting
6
Although Yamaha scooters receive a
thorough inspection before shipment
from the factory, trouble may occur during operation. Any problem in the fuel,
compression, or ignition systems, for
example, can cause poor starting and
loss of power.
The following troubleshooting charts
represent quick and easy procedures
for checking these vital systems yourself. However, should your scooter require any repair, take it to a Yamaha
dealer, whose skilled technicians have
the necessary tools, experience, and
know-how to service the scooter properly.
Use only genuine Yamaha replacement parts. Imitation parts may look like
Yamaha parts, but they are often inferior, have a shorter service life and can
lead to expensive repair bills.
heaters or furnaces. Gasoline or
gasoline vapors can ignite or explode, causing severe injury or
property damage.
EWA15141
WARNING
When checking the fuel system, do
not smoke, and make sure there are
no open flames or sparks in the area, including pilot lights from water
6-23
U3C6E1E0.book Page 24 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU37621
Troubleshooting charts
Starting problems or poor engine performance
1. Fuel
Check the fuel level in
the fuel tank.
There is
enough fuel.
Check the compression.
There is
no fuel.
Supply fuel.
The engine does not start.
Check the compression.
2. Compression
Operate the
electric starter or the
kickstarter.
3. Ignition
There is compression.
Check the ignition.
There is no compression.
Have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.
6
Wet
Wipe off with a dry cloth and correct the
spark plug gap, or replace the spark plug.
Open the throttle halfway and
operate the electric starter.
Dry
Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
The engine does not start.
Check the battery.
Remove the spark plug
and check the electrodes.
4. Battery
Operate the
electric starter.
The engine turns over
quickly.
The engine turns over
slowly.
The battery is good.
Check the electrolyte and battery
lead connections, and charge the
battery if necessary.
6-24
The engine does not start. Have a
Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
U3C6E1E0.book Page 25 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
Engine overheating
EWA10400
WARNING
●
●
Do not remove the radiator cap when the engine and radiator are hot. Scalding hot fluid and steam may be
blown out under pressure, which could cause serious injury. Be sure to wait until the engine has cooled.
After removing the radiator cap retaining bolt, place a thick rag, like a towel, over the radiator cap, and then
slowly rotate the cap counterclockwise to the detent to allow any residual pressure to escape. When the hissing
sound has stopped, press down on the cap while turning it counterclockwise, and then remove the cap.
The coolant level is low.
Check the cooling system
for leakage.
6
Wait until the
engine has cooled.
Check the coolant level in the
reservoir and radiator.
The coolant level
is OK.
There is
leakage.
There is
no leakage.
Have a Yamaha dealer check
and repair the cooling system.
Add coolant. (See TIP.)
Start the engine. If the engine overheats again, have a
Yamaha dealer check and repair the cooling system.
TIP
If coolant is not available, tap water can be temporarily used instead, provided that it is changed to the recommended coolant
as soon as possible.
6-25
U3C6E1E0.book Page 1 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE
ucts onto seals, gaskets and wheel
axles. Always rinse the dirt and degreaser off with water.
EAU26093
Care
While the open design of a scooter reveals the attractiveness of the technology, it also makes it more vulnerable.
Rust and corrosion can develop even if
high-quality components are used. A
rusty exhaust pipe may go unnoticed
on a car, however, it detracts from the
overall appearance of a scooter. Frequent and proper care does not only
comply with the terms of the warranty,
but it will also keep your scooter looking
good, extend its life and optimize its
performance.
Before cleaning
1. Cover the muffler outlet with a
plastic bag after the engine has
cooled down.
2. Make sure that all caps and covers
as well as all electrical couplers
and connectors, including the
spark plug cap, are tightly installed.
3. Remove extremely stubborn dirt,
like oil burnt onto the crankcase,
with a degreasing agent and a
brush, but never apply such prod-
●
Cleaning
ECA10782
NOTICE
●
●
Avoid using strong acidic wheel
cleaners, especially on spoked
wheels. If such products are
used on hard-to-remove dirt, do
not leave the cleaner on the affected area any longer than instructed. Also, thoroughly rinse
the area off with water, immediately dry it, and then apply a corrosion protection spray.
Improper cleaning can damage
plastic parts (such as cowlings,
panels, windshields, headlight
lenses, meter lenses, etc.) and
the mufflers. Use only a soft,
clean cloth or sponge with water to clean plastic. However, if
the plastic parts cannot be thoroughly cleaned with water, diluted mild detergent with water
may be used. Be sure to rinse
7-1
●
●
off any detergent residue using
plenty of water, as it is harmful
to plastic parts.
Do not use any harsh chemical
products on plastic parts. Be
sure to avoid using cloths or
sponges which have been in
contact with strong or abrasive
cleaning products, solvent or
thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust removers or inhibitors, brake fluid, antifreeze or electrolyte.
Do not use high-pressure washers or steam-jet cleaners since
they cause water seepage and
deterioration in the following areas: seals (of wheel and swingarm bearings, fork and brakes),
electric components (couplers,
connectors,
instruments,
switches and lights), breather
hoses and vents.
For scooters equipped with a
windshield: Do not use strong
cleaners or hard sponges as
they will cause dulling or
scratching. Some cleaning compounds for plastic may leave
scratches on the windshield.
7
U3C6E1E0.book Page 2 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE
Test the product on a small hidden part of the windshield to
make sure that it does not leave
any marks. If the windshield is
scratched, use a quality plastic
polishing
compound
after
washing.
7
After normal use
Remove dirt with warm water, a mild
detergent, and a soft, clean sponge,
and then rinse thoroughly with clean
water. Use a toothbrush or bottlebrush
for hard-to-reach areas. Stubborn dirt
and insects will come off more easily if
the area is covered with a wet cloth for
a few minutes before cleaning.
After riding in the rain, near the sea or
on salt-sprayed roads
Since sea salt or salt sprayed on the
roads during winter are extremely corrosive in combination with water, carry
out the following steps after each ride in
the rain, near the sea or on saltsprayed roads.
TIP
Salt sprayed on roads in the winter may
remain well into spring.
1. Clean the scooter with cold water
and a mild detergent after the engine has cooled down. NOTICE:
Do not use warm water since it
increases the corrosive action
of the salt. [ECA10791]
2. Apply a corrosion protection spray
on all metal, including chrome- and
nickel-plated, surfaces to prevent
corrosion.
After cleaning
1. Dry the scooter with a chamois or
an absorbing cloth.
2. Use a chrome polish to shine
chrome, aluminum and stainlesssteel parts, including the exhaust
system. (Even the thermally induced discoloring of stainlesssteel exhaust systems can be removed through polishing.)
7-2
3. To prevent corrosion, it is recommended to apply a corrosion protection spray on all metal,
including chrome- and nickel-plated, surfaces.
4. Use spray oil as a universal cleaner to remove any remaining dirt.
5. Touch up minor paint damage
caused by stones, etc.
6. Wax all painted surfaces.
7. Let the scooter dry completely before storing or covering it.
EWA10941
WARNING
Contaminants on the brakes or tires
can cause loss of control.
● Make sure that there is no oil or
wax on the brakes or tires. If
necessary, clean the brake
discs and brake linings with a
regular brake disc cleaner or acetone, and wash the tires with
warm water and a mild detergent.
● Before operating the scooter
test its braking performance
and cornering behavior.
U3C6E1E0.book Page 3 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE
ECA10800
NOTICE
●
●
●
Apply spray oil and wax sparingly and make sure to wipe off
any excess.
Never apply oil or wax to any
rubber and plastic parts, but
treat them with a suitable care
product.
Avoid using abrasive polishing
compounds as they will wear
away the paint.
TIP
●
●
Consult a Yamaha dealer for advice on what products to use.
Washing, rainy weather or humid
climates can cause the headlight
lens to fog. Turning the headlight
on for a short period of time will
help remove the moisture from the
lens.
EAU26301
Storage
Short-term
Always store your scooter in a cool, dry
place and, if necessary, protect it
against dust with a porous cover.
ECA10820
NOTICE
●
●
Storing the scooter in a poorly
ventilated room or covering it
with a tarp, while it is still wet,
will allow water and humidity to
seep in and cause rust.
To prevent corrosion, avoid
damp cellars, stables (because
of the presence of ammonia)
and areas where strong chemicals are stored.
Long-term
Before storing your scooter for several
months:
1. Follow all the instructions in the
“Care” section of this chapter.
7-3
2. Drain the carburetor float chamber
by loosening the drain bolt; this will
prevent fuel deposits from building
up. Pour the drained fuel into the
fuel tank.
3. Fill up the fuel tank and add fuel
stabilizer (if available) to prevent
the fuel tank from rusting and the
fuel from deteriorating.
4. Perform the following steps to protect the cylinder, piston rings, etc.
from corrosion.
a. Remove the spark plug cap
and spark plug.
b. Pour a teaspoonful of engine oil
into the spark plug bore.
c. Install the spark plug cap onto
the spark plug, and then place
the spark plug on the cylinder
head so that the electrodes are
grounded. (This will limit sparking during the next step.)
d. Turn the engine over several
times with the starter. (This will
coat the cylinder wall with oil.)
WARNING! To prevent damage or injury from sparking,
make sure to ground the
7
U3C6E1E0.book Page 4 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE
spark plug electrodes while
turning the engine over.
[EWA10951]
5.
6.
7
7.
8.
e. Remove the spark plug cap
from the spark plug, and then
install the spark plug and the
spark plug cap.
Lubricate all control cables and the
pivoting points of all levers and
pedals as well as of the sidestand/centerstand.
Check and, if necessary, correct
the tire air pressure, and then lift
the scooter so that both of its
wheels are off the ground. Alternatively, turn the wheels a little every
month in order to prevent the tires
from becoming degraded in one
spot.
Cover the muffler outlet with a
plastic bag to prevent moisture
from entering it.
Remove the battery and fully
charge it. Store it in a cool, dry
place and charge it once a month.
Do not store the battery in an excessively cold or warm place [less
than 0 °C (30 °F) or more than 30
°C (90 °F)]. For more information
on storing the battery, see page
6-19.
TIP
Make any necessary repairs before
storing the scooter.
7-4
U3C6E1E0.book Page 1 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Dimensions:
Overall length:
1818 mm (71.6 in)
Overall width:
719 mm (28.3 in)
Overall height:
1170 mm (46.1 in)
Seat height:
828 mm (32.6 in)
Wheelbase:
1256 mm (49.4 in)
Ground clearance:
148 mm (5.83 in)
Minimum turning radius:
1800 mm (70.9 in)
Weight:
With oil and fuel:
97.0 kg (214 lb)
Engine:
Engine type:
Liquid cooled 2-stroke
Cylinder arrangement:
Forward-inclined single cylinder
Displacement:
49.0 cm³
Bore × stroke:
40.0 × 39.2 mm (1.57 × 1.54 in)
Compression ratio:
7.90 :1
Starting system:
Electric starter and kickstarter
Lubrication system:
Separate lubrication (Yamaha autolube)
Engine oil:
Type:
YAMALUBE 2 or 2-stroke engine oil (JASO
FC grade) or (ISO EG-C or EG-D grade)
Engine oil quantity:
Quantity:
1.40 L (1.48 US qt, 1.23 Imp.qt)
Final transmission oil:
Type:
SAE 10W-30 type SE motor oil
Quantity:
0.11 L (0.12 US qt, 0.10 Imp.qt)
Cooling system:
Coolant reservoir capacity (up to the
maximum level mark):
0.25 L (0.26 US qt, 0.22 Imp.qt)
Radiator capacity (including all routes):
1.20 L (1.27 US qt, 1.06 Imp.qt)
Spark plug gap:
0.6–0.7 mm (0.024–0.028 in)
Clutch:
Clutch type:
Dry, centrifugal automatic
Transmission:
Primary reduction system:
Helical gear
Primary reduction ratio:
52 × 13 (4.000)
Secondary reduction system:
Spur gear
Secondary reduction ratio:
43 × 14 (3.070)
Transmission type:
V-belt automatic
Operation:
Centrifugal automatic type
Chassis:
Air filter:
Air filter element:
Wet element
Fuel:
Recommended fuel:
Premium unleaded gasoline only
Fuel tank capacity:
7.0 L (1.85 US gal, 1.54 Imp.gal)
Carburetor:
Manufacturer:
GURTNER
Type × quantity:
PY 12 x 1
Spark plug (s):
Manufacturer/model:
NGK/BR8HS
8-1
Frame type:
Steel tube underbone
Caster angle:
27.00 °
Trail:
90.0 mm (3.54 in)
Front tire:
Type:
Tubeless
Size:
130/60-13 53L (MICHELIN), 53P (PIRELLI)
Manufacturer/model:
MICHELIN / PILOT SPORT
Manufacturer/model:
PIRELLI / EVO21
8
U3C6E1E0.book Page 2 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Rear tire:
Type:
Tubeless
Size:
140/60-13 57L (MICHELIN), 53P (PIRELLI)
Manufacturer/model:
MICHELIN / PILOT SPORT
Manufacturer/model:
PIRELLI / EVO22
Loading:
Maximum load:
180 kg (397 lb)
(Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and
accessories)
Tire air pressure (measured on cold
tires):
8
Loading condition:
0–90 kg (0–198 lb)
Front:
150 kPa (1.50 kgf/cm², 22 psi)
Rear:
150 kPa (1.50 kgf/cm², 22 psi)
Loading condition:
90–180 kg (198–397 lb)
Front:
160 kPa (1.60 kgf/cm², 23 psi)
Rear:
170 kPa (1.70 kgf/cm², 25 psi)
Front wheel:
Wheel type:
Cast wheel
Rim size:
13xMT3.00
Rear wheel:
Electrical system:
Wheel type:
Cast wheel
Rim size:
13xMT3.50
Ignition system:
DC. CDI
Charging system:
AC magneto
Front brake:
Battery:
Type:
Single disc brake
Operation:
Right hand operation
Recommended fluid:
DOT 3 or 4
Rear brake:
Type:
Single disc brake
Operation:
Left hand operation
Recommended fluid:
DOT 3 or 4
Front suspension:
Type:
Telescopic fork
Spring/shock absorber type:
Coil spring/oil damper
Wheel travel:
80.0 mm (3.15 in)
Rear suspension:
Type:
Unit swing
Spring/shock absorber type:
Coil spring/gas-oil damper
Wheel travel:
70.0 mm (2.76 in)
8-2
Model:
CB4-LB(GS), YB4L-B(YUASA)
Voltage, capacity:
12 V, 4.0 Ah
Headlight:
Bulb type:
Incandescence
Bulb voltage, wattage × quantity:
Headlight:
12 V, 35 W/35.0 W × 1
Tail/brake light:
12 V, 21.0 W/5.0 W × 1
Front turn signal light:
12 V, 10.0 W × 2
Rear turn signal light:
12 V, 10.0 W × 2
Meter lighting:
12 V, 1.7 W × 2
High beam indicator light:
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
Oil level warning light:
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
Turn signal indicator light:
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
Coolant temperature warning light:
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
U3C6E1E0.book Page 3 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Fuses:
Main fuse:
7.5 A
8
8-3
U3C6E1E0.book Page 1 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26351
Identification numbers
EAU26381
Key identification number
Record the key identification number,
vehicle identification number and model label information in the spaces provided below for assistance when
ordering spare parts from a Yamaha
dealer or for reference in case the vehicle is stolen.
KEY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
1
1
ZAUM0070
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER:
EAU26410
Vehicle identification number
ZAUM0287
1. Key identification number
1. Vehicle identification number
The key identification number is
stamped into the key tag. Record this
number in the space provided and use
it for reference when ordering a new
key.
The vehicle identification number is
stamped into the frame.
MODEL LABEL INFORMATION:
9
9-1
TIP
The vehicle identification number is
used to identify your vehicle and may
be used to register it with the licensing
authority in your area.
U3C6E1E0.book Page 2 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAUM2540
Model label
1
ZAUM0295
1. Model label
The model label is affixed to the bottom
of the rider seat. (See page 3-9.)
Record the information on this label in
the space provided. This information
will be needed when ordering spare
parts from a Yamaha dealer.
9
9-2
U3C6E1E0.book Page 1 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
INDEX
A
B
Battery................................................... 6-19
Brake fluid, changing ............................ 6-16
Brake fluid level, checking .................... 6-15
Brake lever, front..................................... 3-5
Brake lever, rear ..................................... 3-5
Brake levers, lubricating........................ 6-16
Braking.................................................... 5-2
C
Carburetor,adjusting ............................. 6-11
Care ........................................................ 7-1
Catalytic converters ................................ 3-7
Centerstand, checking and
lubricating ........................................... 6-17
Coolant.................................................... 6-9
Coolant temperature warning light .......... 3-2
Cowling and panel, removing and
installing................................................ 6-6
D
Dimmer switch ........................................ 3-4
E
Engine break-in....................................... 5-3
Engine oil ................................................ 3-8
F
H
Handlebar switches ................................ 3-4
Headlight bulb, replacing ...................... 6-21
High beam indicator light ........................ 3-2
Horn switch............................................. 3-4
I
Identification numbers ............................ 9-1
Indicator and warning lights.................... 3-2
K
Key identification number ....................... 9-1
Kickstarter............................................... 3-9
M
Main switch/steering lock........................ 3-1
Model label ............................................. 9-2
O
Oil level warning light.............................. 3-2
P
Parking ................................................... 5-4
Part locations.......................................... 2-1
Periodic maintenance and lubrication
chart ..................................................... 6-2
R
Rider seat ............................................... 3-9
S
Final transmission oil .............................. 6-8
Front and rear brake lever free play,
checking ............................................. 6-14
Front and rear brake pads, checking .... 6-14
Front fork, checking .............................. 6-17
Fuel ......................................................... 3-6
Fuel consumption, tips for reducing ........ 5-3
Starting a cold engine .............................5-1
Starting off............................................... 5-2
Start switch..............................................3-4
Steering, checking.................................6-18
Storage....................................................7-3
Storage compartments.......................... 3-10
Fuel gauge.............................................. 3-4
Fuel tank cap .......................................... 3-5
Fuse, replacing ..................................... 6-20
Acceleration and deceleration................. 5-2
Air filter element, cleaning..................... 6-10
Safe-riding points.................................... 1-5
Safety information................................... 1-1
Shock absorber assembly, adjusting
(if equipped) ....................................... 3-11
Spark plug, checking .............................. 6-7
Specifications ......................................... 8-1
Speedometer unit ................................... 3-3
T
Tachometer (if equipped) ........................ 3-3
Tail/brake light bulb, replacing ..............6-22
Throttle cable free play, checking ......... 6-11
Throttle grip and cable, checking and
lubricating ........................................... 6-16
Tires ......................................................6-12
Troubleshooting .................................... 6-23
Troubleshooting charts.......................... 6-24
Turn signal indicator light ........................ 3-2
Turn signal light bulb, replacing ............6-22
Turn signal switch ...................................3-4
V
Vehicle identification number .................. 9-1
W
Wheel bearings, checking ..................... 6-18
Wheels ..................................................6-13
U3C6E1E0.book Page 2 Friday, August 8, 2008 10:09 AM
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
PRINTED IN FRANCE
2008.08 (E)
PANTONE285CVC