Service Reference
Guide
1st Quarter, 2002
b
Compaq Service Reference Guide
1st Quarter, 2002
Part Number: 252312-002
Spare Part Number: 259968-001
March 2002
© 2002 Compaq Information Technologies Group, L.P.
Compaq, the Compaq logo, Evo, and Deskpro are trademarks of the Compaq
Information Technologies Group, L.P
iPAQ is a trademark of Compaq Information Technologies Group, L.P. in the
United States and other countries.
Microsoft, MS-DOS, Windows, Windows NT are trademarks of Microsoft
Corporation in the U. S. and other countries.
Intel, Pentium, Intel Inside, and Celeron are trademarks of Intel Corporation in
the U. S. and other countries.
All other product names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective
companies.
Compaq shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions
contained herein. The information in this document is provided “as is” without
warranty of any kind and is subject to change without notice. the warranties for
Compaq products are set forth in the express limited warranty statements
accompanying such products. Nothing herein should be construed as
constituting an additional warranty.
Å
WARNING: Text set off in this manner indicates that failure to follow
directions could result in bodily harm or loss of life.
Ä
CAUTION: Text set off in this manner indicates that failure to follow
directions could result in damage to equipment or loss of information.
Service Reference Guide
1Q02 Edition (March 2002)
Part Number: 252312-002
Spare Part Number: 259968-001
Contents
1 Installing the Operating System
1.1 Microsoft Windows 98/Me/XP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–1
1.1.1 Installing or Upgrading Device Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–1
1.2 Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 or Windows 2000 Professional. . . . . . . 1–2
1.2.1 Installing or Upgrading Device Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–3
1.2.2 Creating an Emergency Repair Diskette - Windows NT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–3
1.2.3 Using the Emergency Repair Diskette - Windows NT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–3
1.2.4 Creating an Emergency Repair Diskette - Windows 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–4
1.2.5 Using the Emergency Repair Diskette - Windows 2000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–4
1.3 Converting to NTFS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–4
1.3.1 Windows NT Workstation 4.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–4
1.3.2 Windows 2000 Professional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–5
1.3.3 Windows 98 and Windows Me . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–5
1.3.4 Windows XP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–5
1.4 Compaq Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–5
2 Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
Power-On Self-Test (POST) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–1
2.1 Computer Setup Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–2
2.1.1 Using Computer Setup Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–3
2.1.2 Computer Setup Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–4
2.2 Computer Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–10
2.2.1 Create a Diagnostics Diskette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–10
DOS-Based . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–10
Windows-Based . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–10
2.2.2 Computer Checkup (TEST) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–10
Running TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–11
2.2.3 View System Information (INSPECT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–12
Running INSPECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–12
2.2.4 Computer Diagnostics for Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–13
Menu Bar—File, Categories, Navigation, Level, Tab, Help . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–13
Tool Bar—Icons for Different Categories of Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–13
Tabs—Overview, Test, Status, Log, Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–14
Installing Compaq Diagnostics for Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–14
Using Categories in Compaq Diagnostics for Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–14
Running Diagnostic Tests in Compaq Diagnostics for Windows . . . . . . . . 2–15
2.3 Compaq Configuration Record Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–16
2.3.1 Running Configuration Record Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–16
2.4 Compaq Remote Diagnostics Enabling Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–17
2.4.1 Starting the Remote Diagnostics Enabling Agent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–18
2.5 Protecting the Software. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–18
2.5.1 Ordering Backup Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–18
2.5.2 Compaq Restore CD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–18
2.5.3 Compaq Restore CD for Windows NT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–18
Service Reference Guide
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Contents
3 Desktop Management
3.1 Initial Configuration and Deployment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–1
3.2 Remote System Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–2
3.3 Software Updating and Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–2
3.3.1 Altiris eXpress. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–2
Altiris eXpress PC Transplant Pro. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–3
Altiris Compaq Client Manager. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–3
3.3.2 PC Transplant Pro and PC Transplant for Compaq . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–4
3.3.3 Compaq Insight Manager LC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–4
3.3.4 System Software Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–4
3.3.5 Compaq Remote Management Setup Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–4
3.3.6 Product Change Notification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–4
3.3.7 Remote ROM Flash. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–5
3.3.8 Remote Security Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–7
3.3.9 Remote Wakeup and Remote Shutdown. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–7
3.3.10 NIC Alert. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–8
3.3.11 Replicating the Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–8
3.3.12 Dual-State Power Button. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–8
3.3.13 Power Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–9
3.3.14 World Wide Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–9
3.3.15 Desktop Management Interface (DMI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–10
3.3.16 Wired for Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–10
3.4 Asset Tracking and Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–10
3.4.1 Password Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–13
3.4.2 Deleting a Power-On or Setup Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–15
3.4.3 Network Server Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–16
3.4.4 DriveLock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–16
3.4.5 Smart Cover Sensor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–17
3.4.6 Smart Cover Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–18
3.4.7 Master Boot Record Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–19
3.4.8 Cable Lock Provision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–21
3.4.9 Fingerprint Identification Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–21
3.5 Fault Notification and Recovery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–21
3.5.1 Drive Protection System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–22
3.5.2 Ultra ATA Integrity Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–22
3.5.3 ECC Fault Prediction and Prefailure Warranty. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–22
3.5.4 Surge-Tolerant Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–22
3.5.5 Thermal Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–22
4 Ultra ATA Drive Guidelines and Features
4.1 Ultra ATA Jumpers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–1
4.2 Ultra ATA Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–1
4.2.1 Cable Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–1
Single-Drive Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–2
Two-Drive Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–2
4.3 Drive Installation Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–2
4.3.1 Device Classes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–3
General Attach Guidelines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–3
4.3.2 Attach Sequence Rules by Class Priority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–3
4.3.3 Attach Sequence Worksheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–4
Example 1: Three Device Installation Sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–5
Example 2: Four Device Installation Sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–5
4.3.4 Additional Drive Application Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–6
4.4 SMART. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–6
4.5 Drive Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–7
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Contents
5 SCSI Devices
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
SCSI Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5–1
Using the Multi-Mode SCSI Cable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5–2
Using SCSISelect with SCSI Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5–3
SMART. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5–3
Jumpers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5–4
5.5.1 Ultra3 SCSI Hard Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5–4
5.5.2 IDE CD-ROM or DVD-ROM Drive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5–5
5.5.3 Zip Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5–5
6 Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and Disassembly Preparation
6.1 Chassis Designations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–1
6.1.1 Convertible Minitower (CMT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–1
6.1.2 Microtower (uT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–2
6.1.3 Desktop (DT). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–2
6.1.4 Small Form Factor, Type 1 (SFF, T1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–3
6.1.5 Small Form Factor, Type 2 (SFF, T2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–3
6.1.6 iPAQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–4
6.1.7 Ultra-Slim Desktop (USDT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–4
6.2 Electrostatic Discharge Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–5
6.2.1 Generating Static . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–5
6.2.2 Preventing Electrostatic Damage to Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–5
6.2.3 Personal Grounding Methods and Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–6
6.2.4 Grounding the Work Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–6
6.2.5 Recommended Materials and Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–6
6.3 Routine Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–7
6.3.1 General Cleaning Safety Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–7
6.3.2 Cleaning the Computer Case. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–7
6.3.3 Cleaning the Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–8
6.3.4 Cleaning the Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–8
6.3.5 Cleaning the Mouse. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–8
6.4 Service Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–8
6.4.1 Power Supply Fan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–9
6.4.2 Tools and Software Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–9
6.4.3 Screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–9
6.4.4 Cables and Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–9
6.4.5 Hard Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–10
6.4.6 Lithium Coin Cell Battery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–10
7 Removal and Replacement Procedures
Security Components
7.1 Preparation for Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7–1
7.2 Security Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7–3
7.2.1 Smart Cover Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7–3
7.2.2 Compaq Type 1 Security Bracket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7–4
7.2.3 Compaq Type 2 Security Bracket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7–5
7.2.4 Kensington Cable Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7–7
7.2.5 iPAQ Security Bar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7–8
7.2.6 iPAQ Desk Attachment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7–9
7.3 Hood Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7–10
8 Removal and Replacement Procedures
Drives
8.1 Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8–1
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8.1.1 Convertible Minitower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8–2
Removing a Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8–2
Installing a New Drive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8–3
Removing a 3.5-Inch Drive from a 5.25-Inch Drive Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . 8–4
8.1.2 Small Form Factor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8–5
5.25-Inch Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8–5
Diskette Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8–6
Hard Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8–7
8.1.3 Desktop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8–7
Removing a Drive from the Drive Bay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8–7
8.1.4 Microtower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8–9
Drive Removal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8–9
8.1.5 Ultra-Slim Desktop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8–10
Drive Removal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8–10
9 Removal and Replacement Procedures
Chassis
9.1 Access Panel/Computer Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–1
9.1.1 Access Panel Models. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–2
9.1.2 iPAQ Access Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–3
Outer Access Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–3
Inner Access Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–4
9.1.3 Computer Cover Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–5
9.2 Front Bezel and Related Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–6
9.2.1 Front Bezel Removal - Tabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–6
9.2.2 Front Bezel Removal - Screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–8
9.2.3 iPAQ Front and Top Bezels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–9
Front Bezel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–9
Top Bezel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–10
Speaker Grill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–11
9.2.4 Subpanel and Bezel Blanks—CMT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–12
9.2.5 CMT Front Bezel Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–13
Front Bezel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–13
USB Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–14
Front Bezel USB/Audio Card—CMT and DT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–15
9.3 Front Trim/Panel Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–16
9.3.1 Small Form Factor, SFF, T1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–16
9.3.2 Ultra-Slim Desktop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–17
9.4 Power Switches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–18
9.4.1 Convertible Minitower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–18
9.4.2 Desktop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–19
9.4.3 Microtower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–21
9.4.4 Ultra-Slim Desktop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–22
9.5 Speaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–23
9.5.1 Standard Speaker. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–23
9.5.2 Small Form Factor Speaker. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–24
9.5.3 iPAQ Speaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–25
9.5.4 Ultra-Slim Desktop Speaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–26
9.6 iPAQ Legacy Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–27
9.7 Feet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–28
9.8 Converting a Desktop to a Minitower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–29
9.9 Board Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–31
9.10 Desktop - Removing Chassis from Basepan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–32
10 Removal and Replacement Procedures
vi
Service Reference Guide
Contents
Expansion Cards and Memory
10.1 Memory Expansion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–1
10.1.1 Intel 815e. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–1
10.1.2 Intel 845. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–2
Industry-Standard DIMMs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–2
Double Data Rate (DDR) SDRAM DIMMS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–2
10.1.3 DIMM Installation
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–3
10.1.4 RIMM Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–4
RIMM Installation Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–5
RIMM Installation Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–6
Removing RIMMs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–7
10.2 Expansion Card Cage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–8
10.2.1 Removing an Expansion Card Cage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–8
10.2.2 Riser Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–9
10.3 Expansion Cards—Standard Sockets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–10
10.4 Graphics Sockets with Retention Mechanisms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–11
10.4.1 Graphics Performance Accelerator (GPA)/AGP Inline Memory Module (AIMM) Card
with a Type 1 Retention Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–11
Removing a GPA/AIMM Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–11
Installing a GPA/AIMM Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–12
10.4.2 AGP Card with a Type 1 Retention Mechanism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–13
Removing an AGP Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–13
10.4.3 GPA/AIMM Card with a Type 2 Retention Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–14
Removing a GPA/AIMM Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–14
10.4.4 AGP Card with a Type 2 Retention Mechanism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–15
Removing an AGP Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–15
10.4.5 AGP Card with Type 1 or Type 2 Retention Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–16
10.4.6 iPAQ Graphics Memory Cache. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10–17
11 Removal and Replacement Procedures
System Board with Major Components
11.1 Heatsink and Processor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–1
11.1.1 Separating the Heatsink/Processor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–1
11.1.2 Sample Heatsink/Processor Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–2
11.1.3 Installing the Heatsink/Processor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–6
11.1.4 Multiprocessor Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–6
Hardware Abstraction Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–7
11.2 System Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–8
11.2.1 System Board Secured with Screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–8
11.2.2 System Board Removal—Small Form Factor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–10
11.2.3 Ultra-Slim Desktop System Board Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–12
11.2.4 iPAQ System Board Removal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–13
11.3 iPAQ MultiBay Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–15
11.4 Battery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–16
11.4.1 Type 1 Battery Holder. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–17
11.4.2 Type 2 Battery Holder. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–17
12 Removal and Replacement Procedures
Main Power and Cooling
12.1 Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12–2
12.1.1 Type 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12–2
12.1.2 Type 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12–3
12.2 Chassis Fan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12–4
12.3 Air Baffles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12–5
12.3.1 Type 1 Baffle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12–5
Service Reference Guide
vii
Contents
12.3.2 Type 2 Baffle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12–6
A Connector Pin Assignments
B Power Cord Set Requirements
C POST Error Messages
D Diagnostic Indicator Lights
E Diagnostic Error Codes
F Troubleshooting Without Diagnostics
G System Board and Riser Board
Reference Designators
H Model Naming Convention
for Compaq Products
Index
viii
Service Reference Guide
1
Installing the Operating System
Depending on the model, Microsoft Windows 98, Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional,
Microsoft Windows Me, Microsoft Windows NT, or Microsoft Windows XP is preinstalled
on the computer and will be configured automatically the first time the computer is turned
on.
Ä
CAUTION: Do not add optional hardware devices to your computer until the operating
system is successfully installed. Doing so may cause errors and may prevent the
operating system from installing properly.
Ä
CAUTION: Once the automatic installation has begun, DO NOT TURN OFF THE
COMPUTER UNTIL THE PROCESS IS COMPLETE. Turning off the computer during the
installation process might damage the software that runs the computer.
1.1
Microsoft Windows 98/Me/XP
The first time the computer is turned on, Microsoft Windows is automatically installed. This
takes approximately 10 minutes, depending on the system hardware configuration. At the
beginning of the installation process, you are prompted to select the appropriate language for
the operating system. Read and follow the instructions that appear on the screen to complete
the installation. During this process, do not turn off your computer unless you are directed to
do so.
If you are installing a SCSI controller into a Windows XP environment the system should
recognize the Plug and Play device automatically and prompt you for the proper device
driver. If the device driver is not preloaded from the operating system onto the system, it may
be downloaded from www.compaq.com or loaded from the CD accompanying the device.
1.1.1 Installing or Upgrading Device Drivers
To install hardware devices such as a printer, a display adapter, or network adapter after the
operating system installation is completed, the operating system needs access to the
appropriate software drivers for the devices.
To locate the most current device driver, go to www.compaq.com.
The Windows Cab files directory and its subdirectories provide the Compaq-specific
integration of the operating system and include supported device drivers. The Cab files
directory path is c:\Windows\Options\Cabs.
Service Reference Guide
1–1
Installing the Operating System
1.2
Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 or
Windows 2000 Professional
The first time the computer is turned on, Microsoft Windows is automatically installed. This
takes approximately 10 minutes, depending on the system hardware configuration. At the
beginning of the installation process, you are prompted to select the appropriate language for
the operating system. Read and follow the instructions that appear on the screen to complete
the installation. During this process, do not turn off your computer unless you are directed to
do so.
If you are installing a SCSI controller you must install the SCSI device drivers before you
load Windows NT onto the workstation. If you do not have the drivers on a diskette, they
may be downloaded from www.compaq.com.
To load the SCSI device drivers and Windows NT:
1. Insert the Windows NT CD into the drive and start the computer.
2. When the words “Setup is inspecting your computer’s hardware configuration…”
display, press F6. This will prompt Setup to ask for the drivers.
3. Follow the online instructions for installing the drivers.
4. When prompted, choose “S” to specify an additional device.
5. Choose “Other.”
6. Select the device controller from the list presented.
7. Press Enter to continue the installation.
8. Continue with the normal Windows NT installation process.
The first time you turn on the computer, you will be prompted to select a language for the
operating system and then you will be offered a choice of installing either Microsoft
Windows NT 4.0 or Windows 2000 Professional. Read and follow the instructions on the
screen to complete the installation of the operating system. During this process, do not turn
off the computer unless you are directed to do so.
1–2
Service Reference Guide
Installing the Operating System
1.2.1 Installing or Upgrading Device Drivers
To install hardware devices such as a printer, a display adapter, or network adapter after the
operating system installation is completed, the operating system needs access to the
appropriate software drivers for the devices.
To locate the most current device driver, go to www.compaq.com.
The I386 directory and its subdirectories provide the Compaq-specific integration of the
operating system for the computer model and include device drivers supported by
Windows NT or Windows 2000.
When prompted for the I386 directory on the operating system CD, replace the path
specification with C:\I386 or use the browse button of the dialog box to browse the computer
for the I386 folder. For Windows NT 4.0, reapply Service Pack 6A by clicking its icon
located on the computer desktop. For Windows 2000, no further steps are required.
choose Yes if you are prompted to replace a file with a newer version
✎ Always
when reapplying the service pack for Windows NT 4.0.
The service pack for Windows 2000 Professional has been integrated into the
program.
1.2.2 Creating an Emergency Repair Diskette - Windows NT
✎ Not all Compaq computers equipped with Windows NT support this feature.
This section applies only to computers equipped with a diskette drive.
After installing Microsoft Windows NT, Compaq recommends that you create an Emergency
Repair Diskette. Using one blank, formatted diskette, complete the following steps:
1. Click Start > Run.
2. In the dialog box, enter:
C:\RDISK.EXE
3. Follow the instructions that appear on the screen.
1.2.3 Using the Emergency Repair Diskette - Windows NT
✎ Not all Compaq computers equipped with Windows NT support this feature.
This section applies only to computers equipped with a diskette drive. The
Emergency Repair Diskette cannot be used on an LS-120 drive.
To use the Emergency Repair Diskette, insert the diskette in the diskette drive and restart the
computer. Follow the instructions displayed on the screen.
Service Reference Guide
1–3
Installing the Operating System
1.2.4 Creating an Emergency Repair Diskette - Windows 2000
1. Click Start > Programs > Accessories > System Tools > Backup.
2. Select the menu option Tools, then select Create an Emergency Disk.
3. Follow the instructions that appear on the screen.
1.2.5 Using the Emergency Repair Diskette - Windows 2000
1. Insert the diskette into the diskette drive and restart the computer (you may boot the
computer to the Windows 2000 CD on some computers).
2. Press Enter to start the repair process, then choose to repair the system.
3. Select the Emergency Repair Process.
4. Follow the instructions that appear on the screen.
1.3
Converting to NTFS
1.3.1 Windows NT Workstation 4.0
While most hard drives included with a Windows NT Workstation 4.0 model are
preformatted with NTFS, some models contain a primary FAT 16 partition on which the
operating system and Compaq software are installed. The rest of the hard drive is divided
into one or more additional partitions. Because FAT 16 only supports partitions up to 2 GB,
converting to NTFS will allow hard drives larger than 2 GB to be partitioned into larger
segments. To convert an existing partition from a 2 GB FAT 16 partition to a 2 GB NTFS
partition:
1. Click Start > Run.
2. Type CONVERT.EXE X: /FS:NTFS where X is the drive letter designating the partition
you wish to convert.
Alternatively, the Compaq Restore CD can be utilized to repartition the hard drive. The
largest NTFS partition possible is 7.5 to 8.0 GB, depending on the hard drive, with a second
NTFS partition created from the remaining space on the drive.
following procedures will remove all of the software applications and data files
Ä from your hardThedrive.
Be sure to back up any data files you have created prior to converting from
CAUTION:
FAT16 to NTFS, or you will not be able to restore them.
You will be able to restore the operating system and drivers required to access the Internet from
the Compaq Restore CD. The operating system (without Compaq software or optimized drivers)
may be restored from the operating system installation CD or diskettes.
If the computer does not have a CD-ROM drive, other means of installation, such as a
network share, will be needed for this procedure.
Insert the Compaq Restore CD, version 2.0 or higher, into the CD-ROM drive and turn on or
restart the computer. Read and follow the instructions that appear on the screen to change the
drive partitioning.
1–4
Service Reference Guide
Installing the Operating System
1.3.2 Windows 2000 Professional
On some models, the hard drive is automatically converted to NTFS when the operating
system is unbundled. On other models, it is necessary to follow the instructions below to
make the conversion.
To convert an existing partition from a FAT 32 partition to an NTFS partition, double-click
the NTFS Convert icon on the desktop. Carefully read and follow the directions that appear
on the screen.
1.3.3 Windows 98 and Windows Me
Windows 98 and Windows Me are not able to access a NTFS partition on the hard drive.
Both Operating Systems will read both FAT 16 and FAT 32 partitioning but only FAT 32 is
supported.
As you can not change from Windows NT 4.0 to Windows 98 or Windows Me, the only time
this should be an issue is when the user formatted the drive with Windows NT 4.0 and then
did a clean installation of the new operating system.
1.3.4 Windows XP
During the initial unbundling of the operating system, the system will start out with a FAT 32
partition but will automatically convert to NTFS. The operating system is not designed to run
in a FAT 32 partition on a Compaq device.
1.4
Compaq Software
The Microsoft Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT Workstation 4.0, Windows 2000, or
Windows XP operating system is preinstalled on the computer and will be configured
automatically the first time the computer is turned on. The following Compaq software will
also be installed at that time on selected models:
■
Computer Setup Utilities and diagnostic features
■
Compaq Support Software including device drivers
■
Compaq Configuration Record
■
Online Compaq Safety & Comfort Guide
■
Intelligent Manageability
■
Enhanced Compaq Insight Personal Edition (Diagnostics for Windows)
■
DMI Support
■
Power Management with energy saver features
■
Security Management tools
■
Software Support Management tools
Service Reference Guide
1–5
Installing the Operating System
Certain drivers and utilities are available only in selected languages. You can obtain the latest
version of these files, in English and selected other languages, in one of three ways:
1–6
■
Compaq Support Software CD for Compaq Desktop, Portable, Workstation, and
Handheld Products
■
Compaq Web site at www.compaq.com
■
Compaq Deskpro Supplement CD, which is supplied with many models
Service Reference Guide
2
Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
Compaq Computer Setup Utilities (F10) and diagnostic features provide information needed
about the computer system when contacting Compaq Customer Support. These tools can
also be used to:
■
Change factory default settings and to set or change the system configuration, which
may be necessary when you add or remove hardware.
■
Determine if all of the devices installed on the computer are recognized by the system
and functioning properly.
■
Determine information about the operating environment of the computer.
■
Solve system configuration errors detected but not automatically fixed during the
Power-On Self-Test (POST).
■
Establish and manage passwords and other security features.
■
Establish and manage energy-saving timeouts.
✎ All features identified in this chapter may not be available on all products.
On some models, Compaq Diagnostics for Windows and the Compaq
Configuration Record may be found in the Control Panel or by selecting Start >
Compaq Information Center.
Power-On Self-Test (POST)
POST is a series of diagnostic tests that runs automatically when the system is turned on,
POST checks the following items to ensure that the computer system is functioning properly:
■
Keyboard
■
Memory modules
■
Diskette drives
■
All IDE and SCSI mass storage devices
■
Processors
■
Controllers
the Power-On Password is set, a key icon appears on the screen while POST is
✎ Ifrunning.
You will need to enter the password before continuing. Refer to
Chapter 3 for information on setting, deleting, or bypassing the password.
If POST finds an error in the system, an audible and/or visual message occurs. Refer to
Appendix C for POST error messages and their solutions.
Service Reference Guide
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Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
2.1
Computer Setup Utilities
Use Computer Setup Utilities (F10) to:
2–2
■
Modify or restore factory default settings.
■
Set the system date and time.
■
Set, view, change, or verify the system configuration including settings for processor,
graphics, memory, audio, storage, communications, and input devices.
■
Modify the boot order of bootable devices such as hard drives, diskette drives, CD-ROM
drives, DVD-ROM drives, or PD-CD drives.
■
Configure Quiet Drive options (for drives that support this feature).
■
Enable Quick Boot which is faster than Full Boot but does not run all of the diagnostic
tests run during a Full Boot. You can set your system to:
❏
always Quick Boot (default);
❏
periodically Full Boot (from every 1 to 30 days); or
❏
always Full Boot.
■
Enable or disable Network Server Mode, which allows the computer to boot the
operating system when the power-on password is enabled. The keyboard and mouse
remain locked until the power-on password is entered.
■
Select POST Messages Enabled or Disabled to change the display status of Power-On
Self-Test (POST) messages. POST Messages Disabled suppresses most POST messages,
such as memory count, product name, and other non-error text messages. If a POST
error occurs, the error is displayed regardless of the mode selected. To manually switch
to POST Messages Enabled during POST, press any key (except F10 or F12).
■
Establish Ownership Tag, the text of which is displayed each time the system is turned
on or restarted.
■
Enter the Asset Tag or property identification number assigned by your company to this
computer.
■
Enable power-on password prompting during system restarts (warm boots) as well as
during power-on.
■
Establish a setup password that controls access to Computer Setup and the settings
described in this section.
■
Secure the integrated I/O functionality, including the serial, USB, or parallel ports;
audio; or embedded NIC, so that they cannot be used until they are unsecured.
■
Enable or disable Master Boot Record (MBR) Security.
■
Enable or disable removable media boot ability.
■
Enable or disable removable media write ability.
■
Solve system configuration errors detected but not automatically fixed during the
Power-On Self-Test (POST).
■
Replicate your system setup by saving system configuration information on diskette and
restoring it on one or more computers.
■
Execute self-tests on a specified IDE hard drive.
Service Reference Guide
Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
■
Configure various energy-saving features including energy saver mode, system and hard
drive timeouts, power button mode, and power LED behavior.
2.1.1 Using Computer Setup Utilities
To access the Computer Setup Utilities (F10) menu, complete the following steps:
1. Turn on or restart the computer. To restart the computer in Windows or Windows NT,
click Start > Shut Down > Restart the Computer.
2. When the F10 Setup message appears in the lower-right corner of the screen, press the
F10 key. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary (for English only).
do not press the F10 key while the message is displayed, you must turn
✎ Iftheyoucomputer
off, then on again, to access the utility.
Pressing the F12 key initiates Network Service Boot for Remote System
Installation.
A choice of five headings appears in the Computer Setup Utilities menu: File, Storage,
Security, Power, and Advanced. Section 2.1.2 in this chapter provides more information
about the features that are available.
3. Using the arrow keys or the Tab key, select the option you want and press Enter. To
return to the Computer Setup Utilities menu, press Esc.
4. To apply and save changes, select File > Save Changes and Exit.
❏
If you selected an option that automatically restarted the computer, changes were
applied at that time.
❏
If you have made changes that you do not want applied, select Ignore Changes and
Exit.
❏
If you have already applied changes you now want to eliminate, select Set Defaults
and Exit. This option will restore the original system defaults.
sure to configure new options and drivers in the operating system after they
✎ Be
have been configured by the Setup Utility.
Service Reference Guide
2–3
Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
2.1.2 Computer Setup Menu
.
Heading
File
Storage
Option
Description
System Information
Lists product name/type/speed/stepping, cache size, system
ROM family and version, installed memory size, chassis
serial number, integrated MAC for enabled or embedded NIC
(if applicable), and asset tracking number.
About
Provides copyright information
Set Time and Date
Allows you to set system time and date.
Save to Diskette
Saves system configuration, including CMOS, to a formatted
blank 1.44-MB diskette.
Restore from
Diskette
Restores system configuration from a diskette.
Set Defaults and
Exit
Restores factory default settings and clears all passwords.
Ignore Changes
and Exit
Exits Computer Setup without applying or saving any
changes.
Save Changes and
Exit
Saves changes to system configuration and exits Computer
Setup.
Device
Configuration
Lists all installed storage devices. The following options
appear when a device is selected:
Diskette Type (For legacy diskette drives only)
Identifies the highest capacity media type accepted by the
diskette drive. Options are 3.5" 1.44 MB, 3.5" 720 KB, 5.25"
1.2 MB, 5.25" 360 KB, and Not Installed.
Drive Emulation (IDE devices only)
Allows you to select a drive emulation type for a storage
device. (For example, a Zip drive can be made bootable by
selecting disk emulation.)
Drive Type
Emulation Options
Hard disk
No emulation options available.
Diskette
None (treated as diskette drive)
Disk (treated as hard drive)
CD-ROM
None (treated as CD-ROM drive)
Diskette (treated as diskette drive)
Disk (treated as hard drive)
Other (e.g., Zip
drive)
None (treated as Other)
CD-ROM (treated as CD-ROM drive)
Diskette (treated as diskette drive)
Disk (treated as hard drive)
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Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
Heading
Storage
(continued)
Option
Device
Configuration
(continued)
Description (Continued)
Transfer Mode (IDE devices only)
Specifies the active data transfer mode. Options (subject to
device capabilities) are PIO 0, Max PIO, Enhanced DMA,
Ultra DMA 0, and Max UDMA.
Translation Mode (IDE disks only)
Lets you select the translation mode to be used for the device.
This enables the BIOS to access disks partitioned and
formatted on other systems and may be necessary for users
of older versions of Unix (e.g., SCO Unix 3.2). Options are
Bit-Shift, LBA Assisted, User, and None.
the translation mode selected automatically by
Ä Ordinarily,
the BIOS should not be changed. If the selected translation
mode is not compatible with the translation mode that was
active when the disk was partitioned and formatted, the
data on the disk will be inaccessible.
Translation Parameters (IDE Disks only)
Allows you to specify the parameters (logical cylinders, heads,
and sectors per track) used by the BIOS to translate disk I/O
requests (from the operating system or an application) into
terms the hard drive can accept. Logical cylinders may not
exceed 1024. The number of heads may not exceed 256. The
number of sectors per track may not exceed 63. These fields
are only visible and changeable when the drive translation
mode is set to User.
Multisector Transfers (IDE ATA devices only)
Specifies how many sectors are transferred per multi-sector
PIO operation. Options (subject to device capabilities) are
Disabled, 8, and 16.
Quiet Drive (available on select drives only)
•
Performance
Allows the drive to operate at maximum performance.
•
Quiet
Reduces noise from the drive during operation. When set
to Quiet, the drive will not operate at maximum
performance.
✎
Options
If the drive does not support Quiet mode, the Quiet Drive
option will not be displayed.
Removable Media Boot
Enables/disables ability to boot the system from removable
media.
✎
After saving changes to Removable Media Boot, the
computer will restart. Manually, turn the computer off, then
on.
Primary IDE Controller
Allows you to enable or disable the primary IDE controller.
Secondary IDE Controller
Allows you to enable or disable the secondary IDE controller.
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Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
Heading
Option
Description (Continued)
Storage
(continued)
Options (continued)
Diskette MBR Validation
Allows you to enable or disable strict validation of the diskette
Master Boot Record (MBR).
✎
DPS Self-Test
Allows you to execute self-tests on IDE hard drives capable of
performing the Drive Protection System (DPS) self-tests.
✎
Controller Order
This selection will only appear when at least one drive
capable of performing the IDE DPS self-tests is attached to
the system.
Allows you to specify the order of the attached hard drive
controllers. The first hard drive controller in the order will have
priority in the boot sequence and will be recognized as drive C
(if any devices are attached.
✎
Security
If you use a bootable diskette image that you know to be
valid, and it does not boot with Diskette MBR Validation
enabled, you may need to disable this option in order to use
the diskette.
The selection will not appear if all hard drives are attached
to the embedded IDE controllers.
SCSI Narrow
Termination
Allows you to configure SCSI termination on the external
SCSI connector for narrow SCSI drives. The feature should
only be enabled if using a narrow SCSI drive to terminate the
external SCSI channel.
Boot Order
Allows you to specify boot order of installed peripheral
devices (such as LS-120 drive, diskette drive, hard drive,
SCSI drive, CD-ROM drive, or DVD-ROM drive).
Setup Password
Enables setup (administrator) password.
See Section 3.4, “Asset Tracking and Security,” for more
information.
Power-On
Password
Password Options
Enables power-on password.
See Section 3.4, “Asset Tracking and Security,” for more
information.
Enables/disables network server mode.
Specifies prompting for power-on password.
See Section 3.4, “Asset Tracking and Security,” for more
information.
✎
Smart Cover
This selection will appear only if a power-on password is set
and the network server mode is disabled.
Enables/disables Smart Cover Sensor and Cover Lock.
(Feature supported on select models only.)
Lists most recent cover removal. (Feature supported on select
models only.)
See Section 3.4, “Asset Tracking and Security,” for more
information.
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Service Reference Guide
Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
Heading
Security
(continued)
Option
DriveLock*
Description (Continued)
Allows you to assign or modify a master or user password for
certain hard drives. When enabled, the user is prompted to
provide one of the DriveLock passwords during POST. If
neither is successfully entered, the hard drive will remain
inaccessible until one of the passwords is successfully
provided during a subsequent cold-boot sequence.
✎
Master Boot Record
Security*
Allows you to enable or disable Master Boot Record (MBR)
Security. When enabled, the BIOS rejects all requests to write
to the MBR on the current bootable disk. Each time the
computer is powered on or rebooted, the BIOS compares the
MBR of the bootable disk to the previously saved MBR. If
changes are detected, you are given the option of saving the
MBR on the current bootable disk, restoring the previously
saved MBR, or disabling MBR security, You must know the
password if one is set.
✎
Save Master Boot
Record*
Restore Master
Boot
Record*
This selection will only appear when at least one drive that
supports the DriveLock feature is attached to the system.
Disable MBR Security before intentionally changing the
formatting or partitioning of the current bootable disk.
Several disk utilities (such as FDISK and FORMAT) attempt
to update the MBR. If MBR Security is enabled and disk
accesses are being serviced by the BIOS, write requests to
the MBR are rejected, causing the utilities to report errors. If
MBR Security is enabled and disk accesses are being
serviced by the operating system, any MBR change will be
detected by the BIOS during the next reboot, and an MBR
Security warning message will be displayed.
Saves a backup copy of the Master Boot Record of the current
bootable disk.
✎
Only appears if MBR Security is enabled.
Restores the backup Master Boot Record to the current
bootable disk.
Only appears if all of the following conditions are true:
✎ MBR
Security is enabled.
A backup copy of the MBR has been previously saved.
The current bootable disk is the same disk from which the
backup copy of the MBR was saved.
Device Security
Enables/disables serial ports A & B; parallel and USB ports;
system audio; network controller (some models); and SCSI
controllers.
Network Service
Boot
Enables/disables Network Service Boot. (Feature supported
on select models only.)
Service Reference Guide
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Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
Heading
Security
(continued)
Option
System IDs
Description (Continued)
Allows you to set Asset Tag and Ownership Tag.
Allows setting of Chassis Serial Number if current number is
invalid.
Also allows you to set keyboard locale setting (e.g., English or
German) for System ID entry.
Allows setting of Ownership Tag and Universal Unique
Identifier (UUID).
See Section 3.4, “Asset Tracking and Security,” for more
information.
Power
Energy Saver
Allows you to set energy saver mode to Advanced, Disabled,
or Minimal.
✎
Timeouts
Allows you to enable/disable or manually select timeout
values.
✎
Energy Saver
Options
In the minimal energy saver mode setting, the hard drive
and system do not go into energy saver mode, but the
setting allows you to press the power button to suspend the
system.This option does not apply under ACPI-enabled
operating systems.
This selection will appear only when energy saver mode is
set to advanced.This option does not apply under
ACPI-enabled operating systems.
Allows you to set power button configuration (on/off or
sleep/wakeup.)
Allows user to enable/disable power LED blink in suspend
mode.
✎
Advanced**
Power-On Options
This selection will appear only if the energy saver mode is
enabled. This option does not apply under ACPI-enabled
operating systems.
Allows you to set POST mode (QuickBoot or FullBoot every n
days where n = 1 to 30), enables/disables POST messages,
and delay POST.
Enables/disables Safe Post, F9 prompt, F10 prompt, F12
prompt, option ROM prompt, UUID, I/O APIC Mode, USB
Buffer @ Top of Memory, and Hot-Pluggable MB Floppy.
Allows you to select the wakeup boot source (local hard drive
or remote server).
Allows you to select computer state after a power loss
(On or Off).
✎
Onboard Devices
PCI Devices
The suspend/sleep feature of Remote Management cannot
be used if If the computer was turned off using a power
strip.
Allows you to set resources for onboard system devices
(serial port, parallel port, diskette controller, etc.).
Lists currently installed PCI devices and their IRQ settings.
Allows you to reconfigure IRQ settings for these devices or to
disable them entirely. These settings have no effect under an
APIC-based operating system.
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Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
Heading
Advanced
(continued)
**
Option
Description (Continued)
Bus Options
Enables/disables PCI bus mastering, PCI VGA palette
snooping, PCI SERR# generation, and ECC on select
models.
Device options
Allows you to set printer mode (EEP+ECP), Output only,
bidirectional, and NumLock state at power-on.
Enable/disable Power Management Events (PME) wakeup
events, processor cache, processor number, ACPI thermal
mode, and ACPI S3 support. (When ACPI S3 is enabled you
may also enable/disable ACPI S3 video repost, PS/2 mouse
wakeup, and hard disk reset.)
Allows you to select AGP aperture size (4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128,
or 256 MB).
Enables monitor tracking.
PCI VGA
Configuration
Allows users to specify which VGA controller will be the “boot”
or primary VGA controller.
Appears only if there are multiple PCI video adapters in the
system.
*Option not supported on all products.
**These options should be used by advanced users only.
Service Reference Guide
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Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
2.2
Computer Diagnostics
✎ The following section applies only to computers equipped with a diskette drive.
Compaq strongly recommends that you create a diagnostics diskette as soon as you begin to
use the computer. This is a bootable diskette that allows you to test and inspect the hardware
outside of the operating system by running the Computer Checkup (TEST) or View System
Information (INSPECT) diagnostic programs. The diskette will play an important role in the
restoration process if you ever experience a major system failure.
Another Compaq diagnostic feature is Compaq Diagnostics for Windows, described in
Section 2.2.4. This program replaces the earlier DOS-based program.
2.2.1 Create a Diagnostics Diskette
DOS-Based
To create a bootable, DOS-based Diagnostic Diskette (some models may require two
1.44-MB diskettes), run the SoftPaq executable file found in C:\DIAGDISK\ to extract the
necessary files. Insert a blank 1.44MB formatted diskette into the diskette drive, then run
C:\DIAGDISK\PDIAG\MAKEDISK.BAT
the SoftPaq executable filename, run DIR C:\DIAGDISK\SP*.EXE.
✎ ToTheobtain
latest SoftPaq may be found on the Compaq Web site at www.compaq.com.
Windows-Based
Not all Compaq computers equipped with Windows NT/2000 support this feature.
Using the Windows 9x/Windows NT/Windows 2000 operating system:
Click Start > Compaq Information Center > Create Diagnostics Disk. Insert a diskette into
the diskette drive and follow the instructions on the screen.
2.2.2 Computer Checkup (TEST)
Use Computer Checkup (TEST) in the following instances to:
■
Determine if all the devices installed on the computer are recognized by the system and
functioning properly. Running TEST is optional but recommended after installing or
connecting a new device.
✎ Third-party devices not supported by Compaq may not be detected.
■
Save, print, or display the information generated by TEST. You should run TEST and
have the printed report available before placing a call to the Compaq Customer Support
Center.
■
Reproduce the same environment on another computer for testing.
you run TEST, you must create a diagnostics diskette. See Section 2.2.1,
✎ Before
“Create a Diagnostics Diskette,” for instructions.
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Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
Running TEST
1. Turn off the computer.
2. Disconnect all peripheral devices other than the keyboard and monitor. Do not
disconnect the printer if you want to test it or use it to log error messages.
3. Install loop-back and terminating plugs to test external ports if desired.
4. Cold boot the computer from the diagnostics diskette you have created. Press Enter to
bypass the title screen, if necessary.
5. Select Computer Checkup (TEST).
6. Select the option to view the device list. A list of installed hardware devices appears.
7. Verify that TEST correctly detected the devices installed. This utility will detect all
devices manufactured or supported by Compaq; devices from other manufacturers may
not be detected.
❏
If the list is correct, select OK and go to step 8.
❏
If the list is incorrect, be sure that any new devices are installed properly.
8. Select one of the following from the test option menu:
Ä
❏
Quick Check Diagnostics—This option runs a quick, general test on each device
with a minimal number of prompts. If errors occur, they are displayed when the
testing is complete.
❏
Automatic Diagnostics—This option runs unattended, maximum testing of each
device with minimal prompts. You can choose how many times to run the tests, to
stop on errors, or to print or file a log of errors.
❏
Prompted Diagnostics—This option allows maximum control over the device testing
process. You can choose attended or unattended testing, decide to stop on errors, or
choose to print or file a log of errors.
CAUTION: Some attended tests are destructive. Before an attended test is begun, the
program will always warn the user that some information may be lost. User confirmation
is required before attended tests can begin.
If attended testing is selected, the test itself may result in data loss.
Follow the instructions on the screen as the diagnostic tests are run on the devices. When the
testing is complete, the TEST option menu is displayed again.
9. To exit TEST, press the Esc key to reach the Exit option. Then press Enter.
✎ Refer to Appendix E for a listing of the Diagnostic Error Codes.
Service Reference Guide
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Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
2.2.3 View System Information (INSPECT)
Use View System Information (INSPECT) to:
■
View information about the system once it has been configured.
■
Save, print, or display the information generated by INSPECT. You should run
INSPECT and have the printed report available before placing a call to the Compaq
Customer Support Center.
■
Assist your Compaq authorized dealer, reseller, or service provider in analyzing the
system by allowing the service provider to reproduce the same environment on another
computer for testing.
The information provided by INSPECT includes:
■
Contents of the operating system startup files
■
Current memory configuration
■
ROM versions
■
Type of processor and co-processor
■
Diskette, CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, tape, or hard drives installed
■
Active printer and communications interfaces
■
Modem type installed
■
Graphics settings
■
Windows WIN.INI file details
or items of information displayed by INSPECT are similar to but
✎ Categories
may vary slightly from those available in Compaq Diagnostics for Windows.
Before you run INSPECT, you must create a diagnostics diskette. See
Section 2.2.1, “Create a Diagnostics Diskette,” for instructions.
Running INSPECT
1. Cold boot the computer from the diagnostics diskette you have created. Press Enter to
bypass the title screen, if necessary.
2. Select View System Information (INSPECT).
3. Select one of the available options using the Esc key:
❏
Print the INSPECT status.
❏
Save the INSPECT status to a file.
❏
Add comments to a parameter status.
❏
Exit the utility.
4. To exit INSPECT, press the Esc key to reach the Exit option. Then press Enter.
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Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
2.2.4 Computer Diagnostics for Windows
The Compaq Diagnostics for Windows (DFW) utility is a component of Intelligent
Manageability that allows you to view information about the hardware and software
configuration of your computer while running Microsoft Windows (Microsoft Windows 98,
Microsoft Windows Me, Microsoft Windows 2000, Microsoft Windows NT 4.0, and
Microsoft Windows XP). It also allows you to perform hardware and software tests on the
subsystems of your computer.
When you invoke Diagnostics for Windows, the Overview screen is displayed, which shows
the current configuration of the computer. From the Overview screen, there is access to
several categories of information about the computer and the Test tab. The information in
every screen of the utility can be saved to a file or printed.
all subsystems, you must log in as the administrator. If you do not log in
✎ Toas thetestadministrator,
you will be unable to test some subsystems. The inability to
test a subsystem will be indicated by an error message under the subsystem
name in the TEST window or by shaded check boxes that cannot be selected.
Menu Bar—File, Categories, Navigation, Level, Tab, Help
At the top of the Compaq Diagnostics for Windows screen is the Menu Bar consisting of six
pull-down menus:
■
File—Save As, Print, Printer Setup, Exit
■
Categories—See the list of categories in the following section
■
Navigation—Previous Category (F5), Next Category (F6)
■
Level—Less (F7), More (F8) <information on the screen>
■
Tab—Overview, Test, Status, Log, Error
■
Help—Contents, How to use Help, About
Tool Bar—Icons for Different Categories of Information
Below the Menu Bar is a row of icons for each of the following categories of information
about the computer:
■
System—System board, ROM, date, time information
■
Asset Control—Asset tag, system serial number, processor information
■
Input Devices—Keyboard, mouse, joystick(s) information
■
Communication—Ports in system and information about each
■
Storage—Storage drives in system and information about each
■
Graphics—Graphics system information
■
Memory—System board and Windows memory information
■
Multimedia—Optical storage (CD, DVD, and so on.) and audio information
■
Windows—Windows information
■
Architecture—PCI Device information
■
Resources—IRQ, I/O, and Memory Map information
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Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
■
Health—Status of system temperature and hard drives
■
Miscellaneous—CMOS, DMI, BIOS, System, Product Name, Serial Number
Tabs—Overview, Test, Status, Log, Error
Below the Tool Bar are five tabs:
■
Overview—The Overview window displays general overview information about the
computer. This is the window that is displayed when you first start the utility. The left
side of the window shows hardware information, and the right side of the window shows
software information.
■
Test—The Test window allows you to choose various parts of the system to test. You can
also choose the type of test and testing mode.
■
Status—The Status window displays the status of each test in progress. You can cancel
testing by clicking the Cancel Testing button.
■
Log—The Log window displays a log of tests for each device.
■
Error—The Error window displays any errors that occurred during device testing. The
window lists the device being tested, the type and number of errors, and the error code.
Installing Compaq Diagnostics for Windows
This operation is required only if the diagnostics program software has been loaded on the
hard drive but not installed.
1. Close any Windows applications.
2. Double-click the Compaq Diagnostics for Windows icon, located on the Windows
Desktop.
3. Click Next to install Compaq Diagnostics for Windows.
4. After the program has finished installing, you may be prompted to restart the computer,
or it may automatically restart. If prompted, click Finish to restart the computer or
Cancel to exit the program. You must restart the computer to complete the installation of
Compaq Diagnostics for Windows.
you want to upgrade an existing version of Compaq Diagnostics for Windows
✎ Ifinstalled
on your computer, visit www.compaq.com/support/files and click on an
applicable product. In the next window, find Option 2—Locate by Category.
Select Management Applications and Utilities. Click Locate Software and
download the latest version. Execute the downloaded file and select Repair to
update the installed version. This will cause the new version to overwrite the old
version.
Using Categories in Compaq Diagnostics for Windows
To use the categories do the following:
1. Click Start > Compaq Information Center > Compaq Diagnostics for Windows.
You can also select the Compaq Diagnostics for Windows icon, located in the Control
Panel.
The screen displays the overview of the computer hardware and software.
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2. For specific hardware and software information, select a category from the Categories
pull-down menu or the appropriate icon on the toolbar.
you move your cursor over the toolbar icons, the corresponding category
✎ As
name displays near the cursor.
3. To display more detailed information in a selected category, click More in the
Information Level box in the lower left corner of the window or click Level at the top
of the screen and select More.
4. Review, print, and/or save this information as needed.
print the information, click File, then select Print. Select one of the
✎ Tofollowing
options: Detailed Report (All Categories), Summary Report (All
Categories), or Current Category. Click OK to print the report you selected.
save the information, click File, then select Save As. Select one of the
✎ Tofollowing
options: Detailed Report (All Categories), Summary Report (All
Categories), or Current Category. Click OK to save the report you selected.
5. To exit Compaq Diagnostics for Windows, click File, and then click Exit.
Running Diagnostic Tests in Compaq Diagnostics for Windows
To run diagnostic tests:
1. Click Start > Compaq Information Center > Compaq Diagnostics for Windows.
You can also select the Compaq Diagnostics for Windows icon, located in the Control
Panel.
The screen displays the overview of the computer hardware and software. Five tabs are
displayed below the row of icons: Overview, Test, Status, Log, and Error.
2. Click the Test tab, or click Tab at the top of the screen and select Test.
3. Select one of the following options:
❏
Quick Test—Runs a quick, general test on each device. Requires no user
intervention if Unattended Mode is selected.
❏
Complete Test—Runs maximum testing of each device. The user can select
Interactive Mode or Unattended Mode.
❏
Custom Test—Runs only the tests you select. To select specific devices or tests, find
the device in the list, then select the check box beside each test. When selected, a red
check mark is displayed in the box. Some tests selected may require user
intervention.
all subsystems, you must log in as the administrator. If you do not log in
✎ Toas thetestadministrator,
you will be unable to test some subsystems. The inability to
test a subsystem will be indicated by an error message under the subsystem
name in the Test window or by shaded boxes that cannot be checked.
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Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
4. Select Interactive Mode or Unattended Mode. In Interactive Mode, the diagnostic
software will prompt you for input during tests that require it. Some tests require
interaction and will display errors or halt testing if selected in conjunction with
Unattended Mode.
5. Click the Begin Testing button at bottom of window. Test Status is displayed, showing
the progress and result of each test. For more details on the tests run, click the Log tab or
click Tab at the top of the screen and select Log.
6. If errors are found, click the Error tab to display more detailed information and
recommended actions. By following the recommended actions, you may be able to solve
some problems yourself.
7. Click Print or save the error information in case you need to contact your Compaq
authorized dealer, reseller, or service provider for assistance.
8. To exit Compaq Diagnostics for Windows, click File, then click Exit.
2.3
Compaq Configuration Record Utility
Compaq Configuration Record Utility is a windows-based information-gathering tool similar
to other Compaq management tools. It gathers critical hardware and software information
from various computer subsystems to give a complete view of your desktop or workstation.
Configuration Record Utility provides a means for automatically identifying and comparing
configuration changes, and has the ability to maintain a configuration history. The
information can be saved as a history of multiple sessions.
This utility was developed to allow resolution of problems without taking the desktop or
workstation offline and to assist in maximizing the desktop or workstation availability. The
information obtained by the utility is useful in troubleshooting system problems, and
streamlines the service process by enabling quick and easy identification of system
configurations, which is the first step in resolving service cases.
The Compaq Configuration Record Utility gathers information automatically on the
hardware and operating system software to deliver a comprehensive view of the system. It
gathers information on such items as the ROM, asset tag, processor, physical drives, PCI
devices, memory, graphics, operating system version number, operating system parameters,
and the operating system startup files and displays it. If the original Base.log file is present in
the cpqdiags directory, the Base.log file is displayed next to the Now.log file in a split
window with the differences between the two highlighted in the color red.
2.3.1 Running Configuration Record Utility
To run this program:
1. Click Start > Compaq Information Center > Compaq Configuration Record. You
can also select the Compaq Configuration Record icon, located in the Control Panel.
Compaq Configuration Record Utility has two view options: Show
✎ The
Changed Items Only and Show All. The default view is Show Changed Items
Only, therefore all the text is displayed in the color red since it shows only the
differences. Switching to Show All displays the complete, comprehensive view
of the system.
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Compaq Configuration Record Utility is part of Compaq Diagnostics for
✎ The
Windows. Whenever you upgrade Compaq Diagnostics for Windows, the
Compaq Configuration Record Utility is also upgraded.
2. The default view is Show Changed Items Only. To view all the information gathered by
Compaq Configuration Record, click View at the top of the window and select Show
All, or click the Show All Items icon.
3. To save the information in the left or right window, select File > Save Window File and
then select Left Window File or Right Window File.
the configuration of the computer periodically allows the user to keep a
✎ Saving
history of the configuration. This history may be useful to your service provider
if the system ever encounters a problem that needs debugging.
4. To exit Compaq Configuration Record, click File, then click Exit.
2.4
Compaq Remote Diagnostics Enabling Agent
This utility was developed to allow faster resolution of problems without having to visit a
site and take the computer offline and to assist in maximizing computer availability. The
information obtained by the utility is useful in troubleshooting computer problems, and
streamlines the service process by enabling quick and easy identification of computer
problems.
Compaq Remote Diagnostics Enabling Agent only works if Diagnostics for
✎ The
Windows is also installed.
The Compaq Remote Diagnostics Enabling Agent provides a Web browser interface to
Compaq Diagnostics for Windows. This enables remote control of the diagnostics and
facilitates easy transfer of computer information from remote machines to a service provider.
The Compaq Remote Diagnostics Enabling Agent captures hardware configuration and
provides the ability to perform tests remotely to diagnose computer problems. In addition,
the Compaq Remote Diagnostics Enabling Agent identifies any computer hardware device
problems signaled by the Compaq DMI management agents. These hardware devices are
automatically selected for testing by the Compaq Remote Diagnostics Enabling Agent.
Use of Compaq Remote Diagnostics Enabling Agent reduces the time and effort needed to
perform hardware diagnostic tasks. By allowing the service personnel direct access to
computer hardware diagnostic tools, the Compaq Remote Diagnostics Enabling Agent
delivers a view of the computer hardware devices and the tests available to isolate hardware
problems with the ease and simplicity of a single tool. This approach minimizes problem
resolution time, and also minimizes administration resources because less time is spent
visiting a site or communicating with a user over the phone to resolve computer hardware
problems when they do occur.
Compaq Remote Diagnostics Enabling Agent was designed to work in the
✎ The
Compaq Insight Manager LC environment. It is pre-loaded on most commercial
desktops and workstations and is available through a SoftPaq at
www.compaq.com under Management Applications and Utilities.
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Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
2.4.1 Starting the Remote Diagnostics Enabling Agent
1. Select the Compaq Remote Diagnostics icon located in the Control Panel.
Compaq Remote Diagnostics Enabling Agent allows you to run Diagnostic
✎ The
Test or the Configuration Record Utility in a browser window. Both of these
utilities can be run remotely or locally.
2. To exit Compaq Remote Diagnostics, click File and then click Close.
2.5
Protecting the Software
To protect software from loss or damage, you should keep a backup copy of all system
software, applications, and related files stored on the hard drive. See the operating system or
backup utility documentation for instructions on making backup copies of data files. The
Compaq Restore CD which accompanies many desktop and workstation models enables the
user to selectively restore the original system software.
2.5.1 Ordering Backup Software
You can order all software that shipped with the product from Compaq as a single set, or you
can order the various software packages separately.
calling Compaq to place your order, be sure to have the serial number of
✎ Before
the computer available. This number is necessary for all diskette purchases.
2.5.2 Compaq Restore CD
The Compaq Restore CD that is shipped with select computers offers easy deployment and
recovery of the system software. Along with the Microsoft operating system CD, the
Compaq Restore CD enables the user to selectively restore the original system software. This
can be extremely helpful in the event of hard drive failure or corruption. Required drivers
that are not included on the Compaq Restore CD may be downloaded from the Compaq Web
site at www.compaq.com
The Compaq Restore CD is specific to each desktop and workstation model and
accompanies many computers along with the Microsoft operating system CD.
2.5.3 Compaq Restore CD for Windows NT
The Compaq Restore CD for Windows NT that is shipped with select Compaq Intel-based
workstations is a set of Compaq specific drivers that enables the workstation to operate at
optimum performance. Updates are available on the Compaq Web site at www.compaq.com
and through subscription to the Compaq Support Software CD Kit.
The Compaq Restore CD for Windows NT installation program automatically detects the
components on the workstation and determines if the drivers (support software) need to be
updated.
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servicing the workstation, be sure it is running the latest version of the
✎ When
Compaq Restore CD for optimum performance. To determine the version of the
Restore CD installed, look at the version in the file properties of the SETUP.EXE
file in the \WINNT\SYSTEM32\CPQNTSSD workstation directory.
The CD has these capabilities:
■
Remote capability—Allows the ability to install, remove, update, and configure
components remotely by machine name (computer name). Supports distributed
computing environments (DCE) perspectives.
■
Silent Setup Command Line Interface—Provides the functionality of the Graphical User
Interface (GUI) in a silent command line interface and provides execution output in a log
file. Provides the ability to remotely install or update drivers on multiple remote
machines at one time. Also useful for Microsoft Systems Management Server
Configurations.
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Setup (F10) Utilities and Diagnostic Features
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3
Desktop Management
Compaq Intelligent Manageability provides standards-based solutions for managing and
controlling desktops, workstations, and notebook PCs in a networked environment. This
guide summarizes the capabilities and features of the four key components of desktop
management:
■
Initial configuration and deployment
■
Software updating and management
■
Asset tracking and security
■
Fault notification and recovery
✎ Support for specific features described in this guide may vary by model or software version.
3.1
Initial Configuration and Deployment
Compaq computers come with a preinstalled system software image. After a very brief
software “unbundling” process, the computer is ready to be used.
You may prefer to replace the preinstalled software image with a customized set of system
and application software. There are several methods for deploying a customized software
image. They include:
■
Installing additional software applications after unbundling the preinstalled software
image.
■
Using software deployment tools, such as Microsoft MS Batch or NT Distribution Share
(NTDS), or Altiris eXpress to replace the preinstalled software with a customized
software image.
■
Using a disk cloning process to copy the contents from one hard drive to another.
The best deployment method depends on your information technology environment and
processes. The PC Deployment section of the Solutions and Services Web site
(www.compaq.com/solutions/pcsolutions) provides information to help you select the best
deployment method. You’ll also find guides and utilities to integrate Microsoft or PXE-based
deployment tools.
The Compaq Restore CD, ROM-based setup, and ACPI-ready hardware provide further
assistance with recovery of system software, configuration management and
troubleshooting, and power management.
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Desktop Management
3.2
Remote System Installation
Remote System Installation lets you start and set up your system using the software and
configuration information located on a network server. This feature is usually used as a
system setup and configuration tool, and can be used for the following tasks:
■
Deploying a software image on one or more new PCs.
■
Formatting a hard drive.
■
Installing application software or drivers.
■
Updating the operating system, application software, or drivers.
To initiate Remote System Installation, press F12 when the F12=Network Service Boot
message appears in the lower-right corner of the Compaq logo screen. Follow the
instructions on the screen to continue the process.
3.3
Software Updating and Management
Compaq provides several tools for managing and updating software on desktops and
workstations—Altiris eXpress, Altiris PC Transplant Pro, PC Transplant for Compaq,
Compaq Insight Manager™ LC, System Software Manager, and Remote Management Setup
Utilities. Using Compaq Insight Manager LC, you can also monitor a workgroup of PCs
from a central console and remotely update the system software, security settings, flash
ROM, or hardware device drivers, for each of the managed PCs individually.
3.3.1 Altiris eXpress
Compaq and Altiris have extended their partnership to deliver industry-leading solutions that
reduce the complexity of managing hardware and software for desktops, notebooks,
handheld devices, and servers throughout their lifecycle. Altiris eXpress allows the system
administrator to create and quickly deploy a customized, corporate-standard software image
across one or more networked client PCs with an interface as simple to use as Windows
Explorer. Altiris eXpress supports Intel’s Wired for Management and Preboot Execution
Environment (PXE). Using Altiris eXpress and the Remote System Installation features of
the Compaq computer, there is no need for the system administrator to visit each new PC
individually to deploy the software image.
The Altiris eXpress solutions provide an efficient and effective way to automate existing
processes and address problem areas within your IT environment. With the Altiris eXpress
web-based infrastructure, you have the flexibility to manage your systems from anywhere at
anytime - even from your iPAQ Pocket PC!
The Altiris eXpress solutions are modular and extensible to span the needs of workgroups to
the enterprise. They integrate with other industry client management tools and provide
extensions to Microsoft BackOffice/SMS.
The expanded Altiris eXpress solutions focus on four key IT areas:
3–2
■
Deployment & Migration
■
Software & Operations Management
■
Inventory & Asset Management
■
Help Desk & Problem Resolution
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Within minutes of installation, Altiris eXpress is able to install a disk image containing the
operating system, application software, and the Altiris eXpress client, without requiring the
use of a separate boot diskette. With Altiris eXpress, the network administrator can:
■
Create a new image or edit an existing image, or clone a PC on the network which may
have the ideal image.
■
Create any number of customized disk images for a variety of workgroups.
■
Edit image files, modifying them without having to start from scratch. This is possible
because Altiris eXpress stores files in its native format: NTFS, FAT16, or FAT32.
■
Establish a “New PC Event,” a script that will run automatically when a new PC is added
to the network. The script can, for instance, format the PC hard drive, flash the ROM
BIOS, and install a full, standard software image.
■
Schedule an event to run on a group of computers.
Altiris eXpress also includes easy-to-use software distribution capabilities. You can use
Altiris eXpress to update operating systems and application software from a central console.
When used in conjunction with System Software Manager, Altiris eXpress can also update
ROM BIOS and device driver software.
For more information, refer to the Compaq Web site at www.compaq.com/easydeploy.
Altiris eXpress PC Transplant Pro
Altiris eXpress PC Transplant Pro offers painless PC migration by preserving old settings,
preferences, and data and migrating them to the new environment quickly and easily.
Upgrades take minutes rather than hours or days, and the desktop and applications look and
work just as your users expect.
For more information and details on how to download a fully-functional 30-day evaluation,
visit the Compaq Web site at www.compaq.com/easydeploy.
Altiris Compaq Client Manager
The Altiris Compaq Client Manager tightly integrates Compaq Intelligent Manageability
technology within Altiris eXpress to provide superior hardware management capabilities for
Compaq access devices that include:
■
Detailed views of hardware inventory for asset management
■
PC health check monitoring and diagnostics
■
Proactive notification of changes in your hardware environment
■
Web-accessible reporting of business critical details such as machines with thermal
warnings, memory alerts, and more
■
Remote updating of system software such as device drivers and ROM BIOS
For more information on the Altiris Compaq Client Manager visit the Compaq Web site at
www.compaq.com/easydeploy.
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3.3.2 PC Transplant Pro and PC Transplant for Compaq
PC Transplant is designed to assist you in personalizing your new Compaq computer. It can
be downloaded free from the Compaq Web site. It lets you preserve the “personality” or the
customized settings, such as Start menu entries, drive and printer mappings, software
application options, and so on of an existing PC. It will then transfer those unique settings to
a Compaq PC.
For more information, refer to the Compaq Web site at www.compaq.com/easydeploy.
3.3.3 Compaq Insight Manager LC
Compaq Insight Manager LC is a web-based tool for managing workgroups of PCs. It
provides a unified “browser-based roaming console,” not only for Compaq clients but any
standard DMI 2.0–based PC on the network. It can automatically discover, view system
information, and receive alerts from any DMI 2.0 PC on a specified domain or workgroup.
For more information, refer to the Compaq Web site at www.compaq.com/im/lc.
3.3.4 System Software Manager
System Software Manager (SSM) is a utility that lets you update system-level software on
multiple systems simultaneously. When executed on a PC client system, SSM detects both
hardware and software versions, then updates the appropriate software from a central
repository, also known as a file store. Compaq driver versions that are supported by SSM are
denoted with a special icon on the Compaq driver download Web site and on the Support
Software CD. To download the utility or to obtain more information on SSM, visit the
Compaq Web site at www.compaq.com/im.
3.3.5 Compaq Remote Management Setup Utilities
The Compaq Remote Management Setup Utilities, when integrated with Management
Solutions Partners products supplement the capabilities of Solutions Partners products for
distributing new applications, device drivers, and other system software. The Compaq Web
site includes updated ROM images and device drivers which can be distributed to client PCs
using these software tools.
For more information, refer to the online Remote Management Administrators Guide. The
Remote Management Administrators Guide is included with the Remote Management Setup
Utilities, which are available on the Compaq Web site at
www.compaq.com/support/files/index.html. The following sections provide information on
using these utilities to accomplish various remote management functions including ROM
flash, changing security settings, and wakeup/shutdown.
3.3.6 Product Change Notification
PCN is the Product Change Notification program from Compaq that uses a secure Web site
where you create custom profiles to proactively and automatically:
3–4
■
Receive email notification of hardware and software changes to most commercial
computers and servers.
■
Receive email containing Customer Advisories for most commercial computers and
servers.
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The PCN Web site also allows users to search all Product Change Notifications and
Customer Advisories for most commercial PCs and servers.
To learn more about PCN and create your custom profile, visit the Compaq Web site at
www.compaq.com/pcn.
3.3.7 Remote ROM Flash
Your computer comes with a reprogrammable flash ROM (read only memory). By
establishing a setup password in Computer Setup, you can protect the ROM from being
unintentionally updated or overwritten. This is important to ensure the operating integrity of
the computer. Should you need or want to upgrade your ROM, you may:
Ä
■
Order an upgraded ROMPaq diskette from Compaq.
■
Download the latest ROMPaq images from the Compaq Web site (www.compaq.com).
CAUTION: For maximum ROM protection, be sure to establish a setup password. The setup
password prevents unauthorized ROM upgrades. Compaq Insight Manager LC allows the system
administrator to set the setup password on one or more PCs simultaneously. For more
information, visit the Compaq Web site at www.compaq.com.
Using Remote ROM Flash
Remote ROM Flash allows the system administrator to safely upgrade the ROM on remote
Compaq computers directly from the centralized network management console. Enabling the
system administrator to perform this task remotely, on multiple computers and personal
computers, results in a consistent deployment of and greater control over Compaq PC ROM
images over the network.
All ROMPaq ROM images from Compaq are digitally signed to ensure authenticity and
minimize potential corruption. Your system ROM may include a Boot Block that is protected
during the flash process and allows the computer to be restarted, in the unlikely event of an
unsuccessful ROM flash.
computer must be powered on, or turned on through Remote Wakeup, to take
✎ Your
advantage of Remote ROM Flash. Use of Remote ROM Flash also requires an established
setup password.
For more information on enabling Remote ROM Flash, refer to the online Remote
Management Administrators Guide. The Remote Management Administrators Guide is
included with the Remote Management Setup Utilities, and is available on the Compaq Web
site at www.compaq.com.
FailSafe Boot Block ROM
The FailSafe Boot Block ROM allows for system recovery in the unlikely event of a ROM
flash failure, for example, if a power failure were to occur during a ROM upgrade. The Boot
Block is a flash-protected section of the ROM that checks for a valid system ROM flash
when power to the system is turned on.
■
If the system ROM is valid, the system starts normally.
■
If the system ROM fails the validation check, the FailSafe Boot Block ROM provides
enough support to start the system from a ROMPaq diskette, which will program the
system ROM with a valid image.
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When the Boot Block detects an invalid system ROM, the system sounds a series of beeps
(one long and three short) and flashes the three keyboard lights (on and off two times). A
Boot Block recovery mode message is displayed on the screen.
To recover the system after it enters Boot Block recovery mode, complete the following
steps:
1. Remove any diskettes from the diskette drive and turn off the power.
2. Insert a ROMPaq diskette into the diskette drive.
3. Turn on power to the system.
4. If no ROMPaq diskette is found, you will be prompted to insert one and restart the
computer.
5. If a setup password has been established, the Caps Lock light will turn on and you will
be prompted to enter the password.
6. Enter the setup password.
7. If the system successfully starts from the diskette and successfully reprograms the ROM,
then the three keyboard lights will turn on. A “rising tone” series of beeps also signals
successful completion.
The following table lists the various keyboard light combinations used by the Boot Block
ROM, as well as the meaning and action associated with each combination.
Keyboard Light Combinations Used by Boot Block ROM
Failsafe
Boot Block
Mode
Keyboard
LED Color
Keyboard
LED Activity
State/Message
Num Lock
Green
On
ROMPaq diskette not present, is bad,
or drive not ready.*
Caps Lock
Green
On
Enter password.*
Num, Caps,
Scroll Lock
Green
Turn on and off
2 times
(accompanied
by 1 long and 3
short beeps)
ROM flash failed.*
Num, Caps,
Scroll Lock
Green
On
Boot Block ROM Flash successful.
Turn power off, then on to reboot.
✎
Diagnostic lights do not flash on USB keyboards.
*Insert valid ROMPaq diskette in drive A. Turn power switch off, then on to reflash ROM.
If ROM flash is successful, all three keyboard LEDs will light up, and you will hear a rising
tone series of beeps. Remove diskette and turn power off, then on to restart the computer.
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3.3.8 Remote Security Management
Remote Security Management allows the system administrator to safely set or modify
security features on remote Compaq computers directly from the centralized network
management console. Enabling the system administrator to perform these tasks remotely, on
multiple computers, results in consistent deployment of and greater control over client
computer security parameters over the network.
computer must be powered on, or turned on through Remote Wakeup, to take
✎ Your
advantage of Remote Security Management. Use of Remote Security Management also
requires an established setup password.
For more information about the Remote Management Setup software and enabling Remote
Security Management, refer to the online Remote Management Administrators Guide. The
Remote Management Administrators Guide is included with the Remote Management Setup
Utilities, and is available on the Compaq Web site at www.compaq.com.
3.3.9 Remote Wakeup and Remote Shutdown
If your computer has an optional network card installed, it may support the Compaq Remote
Wakeup and Remote Shutdown functions. These functions allow a system administrator to
power on and power off a client computer from a remote location supported by PC LAN
management tools.
✎ Third-party software tools are required to remotely distribute software.
Remote Wakeup allows the network interface controller to continue functioning when power
to the computer has been turned off, but the power cord is still connected to an electrical
outlet.
computer continues to consume a small amount of electricity even after you turn it off.
✎ The
Only when you disconnect the power cord from the electrical outlet does the computer stop
consuming electricity.
To enable Remote Wakeup and Remote Shutdown, complete the following steps:
1. Double-click the Network Icon, located in the Control Panel.
2. Double-click the appropriate network controller.
3. Click the Advanced Properties tab.
4. Select Remote Wakeup.
5. Change the value to ON.
6. Click OK to save and apply changes, then click OK to exit the Network dialog.
For more information on using Remote Wakeup and Remote Shutdown, refer to the online
Remote Management Administrators Guide. The Remote Management Administrators Guide
is included with the Remote Management Setup Utilities, and is available on the Compaq
Web site at www.compaq.com.
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3.3.10 NIC Alert
The NIC Alert function enables desktop PCs to send an immediate alert to the network
administrator when there is a hardware or operating system failure, or evidence of tampering.
An alert will be sent even if the system is powered off or the operating system has not yet
started.
3.3.11 Replicating the Setup
This procedure gives an administrator the ability to easily copy one setup configuration to
other computers of the same model. This allows for faster, more consistent configuration of
multiple computers. To replicate your setup:
1. Access the Computer Setup Utilities menu.
2. Click File > Save to Diskette. Follow the instructions on the screen.
requires an internal diskette drive, a MultiBay LS-120 drive, or a portable, external
✎ This
diskette drive.
3. To replicate the configuration, click File > Restore from Diskette, and follow the
instructions on the screen.
Altiris eXpress and PC Transplant make it easy to replicate the configuration and custom
settings of one PC and copy it to one or more PCs. For more information, visit the Compaq
Web site at www.compaq.com.
3.3.12 Dual-State Power Button
With Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) enabled for Windows 98,
Windows 2000, Windows Millennium, and Windows XP, the power button can function
either as an on/off switch or as a suspend button. The suspend feature does not completely
turn off power, but instead causes the computer to enter a low-power standby. This allows
you to quickly power down without closing applications and to quickly return to the same
operational state without any data loss.
To change the power button's configuration, complete the following steps:
1. Left click on the Start Button, Settings, and then select Control Panel.
2. Select Power Options > Advanced > Power Button.
3. Then select the desired power button setting.
For Advanced Power Management (APM) operating systems only (Windows NT), complete
the following steps to change the power button’s configuration:
1. Access the Computer Setup menu.
2. Select Power > Energy Saver. Select Minimal or Advanced to turn on the Energy Saver
Options menu.
3. Select Power > Energy Saver Options. Set the power button configuration to either
On/Off or Suspend/Wakeup, as desired.
4. Refer to the Computer Setup Guide for more detailed information about the features of
Computer Setup.
5. Select File > Save Changes and Exit.
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After configuring the power button to function as a suspend button, press the power button to
put the system in a very low power state (suspend). Press the button again to quickly bring
the system out of suspend to full power status. To completely turn off all power to the
system, press and hold the power button for four seconds.
you have selected the “Blink LED during Energy Save” option in Computer Setup, the
✎ Ifpower-on
light will blink green once every two seconds while the computer is in suspend.
Refer to the Computer Setup Guide for more information on using Computer Setup.
3.3.13 Power Management
Power Management is a feature that saves energy by shutting down certain components of
the computer when they are not in use, saving energy without having to shut down the
computer. Timeouts (the period of inactivity allowed before shutting down these
components) can be enabled, customized, or disabled using Computer Setup.
1. Access the Computer Setup menu.
2. Select Power > Energy Saver. Select Advanced to turn on the Timeouts menu.
3. Select Power > Timeouts. Enable, customize, or disable timeouts.
Refer to the Computer Setup Guide for more detailed information about the features of
Computer Setup.
4. Select File > Save Changes and Exit.
Use Display Properties to establish, modify, or disable Power Management settings for the
monitor. To access Display Properties, right-click on the Windows Desktop, then choose
Properties.
3.3.14 World Wide Web Site
When making the transition to new or revised operating systems, it is important to
implement the support software designed for that operating system. If you plan to run a
version of Microsoft Windows or Microsoft Windows NT Workstation that is different from
the version included with your computer, you must install corresponding Compaq device
drivers and utilities to ensure that all features are supported and functioning properly.
Compaq has made the task of locating, accessing, evaluating, and installing the latest support
software easier. You can download the software from the Compaq Web site at
www.compaq.com.
The Web site contains the latest device drivers, utilities, and flashable ROM images needed
to run the latest Microsoft Windows operating system on your Compaq computer.
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3.3.15 Desktop Management Interface (DMI)
The Desktop Management Task Force (DMTF) is an industry body with the goal of
standardizing systems manageability. DMTF established the Desktop Management Interface
(DMI) framework to standardize access to PC configuration data. Compaq delivers hardware
and software instrumentation that supports the DMI standard.
For more information on configuring the DMI software, refer to the online Intelligent
Manageability Guide.
3.3.16 Wired for Management
Intel's Wired for Management initiative is focused on reducing the support and
administration cost of Intel architecture–based systems without compromising flexibility and
performance. The Wired for Management guidelines provide a baseline set of building
blocks that Compaq utilizes in Intelligent Manageability to provide standardized
management of desktop inventories, remote system configuration, off-hours maintenance,
and next generation power management. Additional capabilities have been incorporated into
Intelligent Manageability to provide an extensive solution for managing networked
computing environments.
Wired for Management technologies include:
3.4
■
Desktop Management Interface (DMI) 2.0
■
Remote System Installation
■
Remote Wakeup and Remote Shutdown
■
ACPI-Ready Hardware
■
SMBIOS
■
Pre-boot Execution (PXE) support
■
Boot Integrity Services (BIS)
Asset Tracking and Security
Compaq AssetControl features incorporated into the computer provide key asset tracking
data that can be managed using Compaq Insight Manager products and Management
Solutions Partners products. Seamless, automatic integration between AssetControl features
and these products enables you to choose the management tool that is best suited to your
environment and to leverage your investment in existing tools.
Compaq Deskpro Workstations, Evo Desktops, and Evo Workstations are manufactured with
the hardware and firmware required to fully support the DMI 2.0 standard.
Compaq also offers several solutions for controlling access to valuable components and
information. Security features such as the Smart Cover Sensor and the Smart Cover Lock,
available on select models, help to prevent unauthorized access to the internal components of
the personal computer. By disabling parallel, serial, or USB ports, or by disabling removable
media boot capability, you can protect valuable data assets. Memory Change and Smart
Cover Sensor alerts can be automatically forwarded to Compaq Insight Manager products to
deliver proactive notification of tampering with a computer’s internal components.
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There are three ways to manage security settings on Compaq computers:
■
Locally, using the Compaq Computer Setup Utilities. See the Computer Setup Guide
included with the computer for additional information and instructions on using the
Computer Setup Utilities.
■
Remotely, using the Compaq Remote Security Management software. This software
enables the secure, consistent deployment and control of security settings from a central
point on the network using a third-party PC LAN management application such as
Microsoft SMS.
■
Remotely, using Compaq Insight Manager LC, a tool for managing PC workgroups.
The following table and sections refer to managing security features of your computer
locally through the Compaq Computer Setup Utilities. Refer to the Remote Management
Setup Utilities for more information on using the Remote Security Management software.
These utilities are available on the Compaq Web site at
www.compaq.com/support/files/index.html. For more information on Compaq Insight
Manager LC, refer to www.compaq.com/im/lc.
Security Features Overview
Feature
Purpose
How It Is Established
Removable Media Boot
Control
Prevents booting from the
removable media drives.
From the Compaq Computer
Setup Utilities menu.
Serial, Parallel, USB, or
Infrared Interface Control
Prevents transfer of data
through the integrated
serial, parallel, USB
(universal serial bus), or
infrared interface.
From the Compaq Computer
Setup Utilities menu.
Power-On Password
Prevents use of the
computer until the password
is entered. This can apply to
both initial system startup
and restarts.
From the Compaq Computer
Setup Utilities menu.
Setup Password
Prevents reconfiguration of
the computer (use of the
Computer Setup Utilities)
until the password is
entered.
From the Compaq Computer
Setup Utilities menu.
Network Server Mode
Provides unique security
features for computers being
used as servers.
From the Compaq Computer
Setup Utilities menu.
DriveLock
Prevents unauthorized
access to the data on
specific hard drives. This
feature is available on select
models only.
From the Compaq Computer
Setup Utilities menu.
Service Reference Guide
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Desktop Management
Security Features Overview (Continued)
Feature
Purpose
How It Is Established
Smart Cover Sensor
Indicates that computer
cover or side panel has
been removed. Can be set
to require the setup
password to restart the
computer, after the cover or
side panel has been
removed.
From the Compaq Computer
Setup Utilities menu.
Master Boot Record
Security
May prevent unintentional or
malicious changes to the
Master Boot Record of the
current bootable disk, and
provides a means of
recovering the “last known
good” MBR.
From the Compaq Computer
Setup Utilities menu.
Memory Change Alerts
Detects when memory
modules have been added,
moved, or removed; notifies
user and system
administrator.
For information on enabling
Memory Change Alerts,
refer to the online Intelligent
Manageability Guide.
Ownership Tag
Displays ownership
information, as defined by
the system administrator,
during system startup
(protected by setup
password).
From the Compaq Computer
Setup Utilities menu.
Cable Lock Provision
Inhibits access to the interior
of the computer to prevent
unwanted configuration
changes or component
removal. Can also be used
to secure the computer to a
fixed object to prevent theft.
Install a cable lock to secure
the computer to a fixed
object.
Security Loop Provision
Inhibits access to the interior
of the computer to prevent
unwanted configuration
changes or component
removal.
Install a lock in the security
loop to prevent unwanted
configuration changes or
component removal.
✎
For more information about Computer Setup, see the Computer Setup Guide.
Support for Security Features may vary depending on the specific computer configuration.
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3.4.1 Password Security
The power-on password prevents unauthorized use of the computer by requiring entry of a
password to access applications or data each time the computer is turned on or restarted. The
setup password specifically prevents unauthorized access to Computer Setup, and can also
be used as an override to the power-on password. That is, when prompted for the power-on
password, entering the setup password instead will allow access to the computer.
A network-wide setup password can be established to enable the system administrator to log
in to all network systems to perform maintenance without having to know the power-on
password, even if one has been established.
Establishing a Setup Password Using Computer Setup
Establishing a setup password through Computer Setup prevents reconfiguration of the
computer (use of the Computer Setup utility) until the password is entered.
1. Turn on or restart the computer. If you are in Windows, click Start > Shut Down >
Restart the computer.
2. When the F10 Setup message appears in the lower-right corner of the screen, press the
F10 key. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
you do not press the F10 key while the message is displayed, you must restart the
✎ Ifcomputer
to access the utility.
3. Select Security, then select Setup Password and follow the instructions on the screen.
4. Before exiting, click File > Save Changes and Exit.
Establishing a Power-On Password Using Computer Setup
Establishing a power-on password through Computer Setup prevents access to the computer
when power is turned on, unless the password is entered. When a power-on password is set,
Computer Setup presents Password Options under the Security menu. The password options
include Network Server Mode and Password Prompt on Warm Boot.
When Network Server Mode is disabled, the password must be entered each time the
computer is turned on when the key icon appears on the monitor. When Password Prompt on
Warm Boot is enabled, the password must also be entered each time the computer is
rebooted. When Network Server Mode is enabled, the password prompt is not presented
during POST, but any attached PS/2 keyboard will remain locked until the user enters the
power-on password.
1. Turn on or restart the computer. If you are in Windows, click Start > Shut Down >
Restart the Computer.
2. When the F10 Setup message appears in the lower-right corner of the screen, press the
F10 key. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
you do not press the F10 key while the message is displayed, you must restart the
✎ Ifcomputer
to access the utility.
3. Select Security, then Power-On Password and follow the instructions on the screen.
4. Before exiting, click File > Save Changes and Exit.
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Desktop Management
Entering a Power-On Password
To enter a power-on password, complete the following steps:
1. Turn on or restart the computer. If you are in Windows, click Start > Shut Down >
Restart the Computer.
2. When the key icon appears on the monitor, type your current password, then press Enter.
✎ Type carefully; for security reasons, the characters you type do not appear on the screen.
If you enter the password incorrectly, a broken key icon appears. Try again. After three
unsuccessful tries, you must turn off the computer, then turn it on again before you can
continue.
Entering a Setup Password
If a setup password has been established on the computer, you will be prompted to enter it
each time you run Computer Setup.
1. Turn on or restart the computer. If you are in Windows, click Start > Shut Down >
Restart the computer.
2. When the F10=Setup message appears in the lower-right corner of the screen, press the
F10 key.
you do not press the F10 key while the message is displayed, you must restart the
✎ Ifcomputer
to access the utility.
3. When the key icon appears on the monitor, type the setup password, then press the Enter
key.
✎ Type carefully; for security reasons, the characters you type do not appear on the screen.
If you enter the password incorrectly, a broken key icon appears. Try again. After three
unsuccessful tries, you must turn off the computer, then turn it on again before you can
continue.
Changing a Power-On or Setup Password
1. Turn on or restart the computer. If you are in Windows, click Start > Shut Down >
Restart the Computer. To change the setup password, run Computer Setup.
2. When the key icon appears, type your current password, a slash (/) or alternate delimiter
character, your new password, another slash (/) or alternate delimiter character, and your
new password again as shown:
current password/new password/new password
✎ Type carefully; for security reasons, the characters you type do not appear on the screen.
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3. Press the Enter key.
The new password takes effect the next time you turn on the computer.
to the “National Keyboard Delimiter Characters” section in this chapter for
✎ Refer
information about the alternate delimiter characters.
The power-on password and setup password may also be changed using the Security options
in Computer Setup.
3.4.2 Deleting a Power-On or Setup Password
1. Turn on or restart the computer. If you are in Windows, click Start > Shut Down >
Restart the Computer. To delete the setup password, run Computer Setup.
2. When the key icon appears, type your current password followed by a slash (/) or
alternate delimiter character as shown:
current password/
3. Press the Enter key.
to “National Keyboard Delimiter Characters” table for information about
✎ Refer
the alternate delimiter characters. The power-on password and setup password
may also be changed using the Security options in Computer Setup.
National Keyboard Delimiter Characters
Each keyboard is designed to meet country-specific requirements. The syntax and keys that
you use for changing or deleting your password depend on the keyboard that came with your
computer.
National Keyboard Delimiter Characters
Arabic
/
Greek
-
Russian
/
Belgian
=
Hebrew
.
Slovakian
-
BHCSY*
-
Hungarian
-
Spanish
-
Brazilian
/
Italian
-
Swedish/Finnish
/
Chinese
/
Japanese
/
Swiss
-
Czech
-
Korean
/
Taiwanese
/
Danish
-
Latin American
-
Thai
/
French
!
Norwegian
-
Turkish
.
French
Canadian
é
Polish
-
U.K. English
/
German
-
Portuguese
-
U.S. English
/
* For Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia, and Yugoslavia
Clearing Passwords
If you forget your password, you cannot access the computer. Refer to the Troubleshooting
Guide for instructions on clearing passwords.
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Desktop Management
3.4.3 Network Server Mode
Network Server Mode provides unique security features for computers being used as servers.
It is only available when a power-on password has been set in Computer Setup. When the
Network Server Mode is enabled, the power-on password is not required to boot the hard
drive, and a keyboard is not required to be attached to the system. If a PS/2 keyboard is
present, it will be locked until the user enters the power-on password. If a USB keyboard is
present, it will remain usable by default. To prevent USB keyboard access after the operating
system has loaded, a user must hide the USB Port under the Device Security option of
Computer Setup’s Security menu. When used in conjunction with the Computer Setup After
Power Loss power-on option, Network Server Mode permits the “server” to automatically
reboot after a power interruption without user intervention. While Network Server Mode is
enabled, the power-on password must be entered to boot the removable media (e.g. diskettes)
or removable devices (e.g. USB flash devices).
3.4.4 DriveLock
DriveLock is a security feature that prevents unauthorized access to the data on specific hard
drives. DriveLock has been implemented as an extension to Computer Setup. It is only
available on certain systems and only when DriveLock-capable hard drives are detected.
DriveLock is intended for Compaq customers for whom data security is the paramount
concern. For such customers, the cost of the hard drive and the loss of the data stored on it is
inconsequential when compared with the damage that could result from unauthorized access
to its contents. In order to balance this level of security with the practical need to
accommodate a forgotten password, DriveLock employs a two-password security scheme.
One password is intended to be set and used by a system administrator while the other is
typically set and used by the end-user. There is no “back-door” that can be used to unlock the
drive if both passwords are forgotten. Therefore, DriveLock is most safely used when the
data contained on the hard drive is replicated on a corporate information system or is
regularly backed-up.
In the event that both DriveLock passwords are lost, the hard drive is rendered unusable. For
any user who does not fit the previously defined customer profile, this may be an
unacceptable risk. For users who do fit the customer profile, it may be a tolerable risk given
the nature of the data stored on the hard drive.
Using DriveLock
The DriveLock option appears under the Security menu in Computer Setup. The user is
presented with options to set the master password or to enable DriveLock. A user password
must be provided in order to enable DriveLock. Since the initial configuration of DriveLock
is typically performed by a system administrator, a master password should be set first.
Compaq encourages system administrators to set a master password whether they plan to
enable DriveLock or keep it disabled. This will give the administrator the ability to modify
DriveLock settings if the drive is locked in the future. Once the master password is set, the
system administrator may enable DriveLock or choose to keep it disabled.
If a locked hard drive is present, POST will require a password to unlock the device. If a
power-on password is set and it matches the device’s user password, POST will not prompt
the user to re-enter the password. Otherwise, the user will be prompted to enter a DriveLock
password. Either the master or the user password may be used. Users will have two attempts
to enter a correct password. If neither attempt succeeds, POST will continue but the data on
the drive will remain inaccessible.
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DriveLock Applications
The most practical use of the DriveLock security feature is in a corporate environment where
a system administrator provides users with multibay hard drives for use in some desktop
computers. The system administrator would be responsible for configuring the multibay hard
drive which would involve, among other things, setting the DriveLock master password. In
the event that the user forgets the user password or the equipment is passed on to another
employee, the master password can always be used to reset the user password and regain
access to the hard drive.
Compaq recommends that corporate system administrators who choose to enable DriveLock
also establish a corporate policy for setting and maintaining master passwords. This should
be done to prevent a situation where an employee intentionally or unintentionally sets both
DriveLock passwords before leaving the company. In such a scenario, the hard drive would
be rendered unusable and require replacement. Likewise, by not setting a master password,
system administrators may find themselves locked out of a hard drive and unable to perform
routine checks for unauthorized software, other asset control functions and support.
For users with less stringent security requirements, Compaq does not recommend enabling
DriveLock. Users in this category include personal users or users who do not maintain
sensitive data on their hard drives as a common practice. For these users, the potential loss of
a hard drive resulting from forgetting both passwords is much greater than the value of the
data DriveLock has been designed to protect. Access to Computer Setup and DriveLock can
be restricted through the Setup password. By specifying a Setup password and not giving it
to end users, system administrators are able to restrict users from enabling DriveLock.
3.4.5 Smart Cover Sensor
Smart Cover Sensor, available on select models, is a combination of hardware and software
technology that can alert you when the computer cover or side panel has been removed.
There are three levels of protection, as described in the following table.
Smart Cover Sensor Protection Levels
Level
Setting*
Description
Level 0
Smart Cover = Disabled
Smart Cover Sensor is
disabled (default).
Level 1
Smart Cover = Notify User
When the computer is
restarted, the screen
displays a message
indicating that the computer
cover or side panel has
been removed.
Setup Password = enabled
When the computer is
restarted, the screen
displays a message
indicating that the computer
cover or side panel has
been removed. You must
enter the setup password to
continue.
Level 2
and
Smart Cover = notify user
*These settings can be changed using (F10) Computer Setup.
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Desktop Management
Setting the Smart Cover Sensor Protection Level
To set the Smart Cover Sensor protection level, complete the following steps:
1. Turn on or restart the computer. If you are in Windows, click Start > Shut Down >
Restart the Computer.
2. When the F10 Setup message appears in the lower-right corner of the screen, press the
F10 key. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
you do not press the F10 key while the message is displayed, you must restart the
✎ Ifcomputer
to access the utility.
3. Select Security, then Smart Cover, and follow the instructions on the screen.
4. Before exiting, click File > Save Changes and Exit.
3.4.6 Smart Cover Lock
The Smart Cover Lock is a software-controllable cover lock featured on select Compaq PCs.
This lock prevents unauthorized access to the internal components. Computers ship with the
Smart Cover Lock in the unlocked position.
Ä
CAUTION: For maximum cover lock security, be sure to establish a setup password. The setup
password prevents unauthorized access to the Computer Setup utility.
Locking the Smart Cover Lock
To activate and lock the Smart Cover Lock, complete the following steps:
1. Turn on or restart the computer. If you are in Windows, click Start > Shut Down >
Restart the Computer.
2. When the F10 Setup message appears in the lower-right corner of the screen, press the
F10 key. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
you do not press the F10 key while the message is displayed, you must restart the
✎ Ifcomputer
to access the utility.
3. Select Security, then select Smart Cover and the Locked option.
4. Before exiting, click File > Save Changes and Exit.
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Unlocking the Smart Cover Lock
1. Turn on or restart the computer. If you are in Windows, click Start > Shut Down >
Restart the Computer.
2. When the F10 Setup message appears in the lower-right corner of the screen, press the
F10 key. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
you do not press the F10 key while the message is displayed, you must restart the
✎ Ifcomputer
to access the utility.
3. Select Security > Smart Cover > Unlocked.
4. Before exiting, click File > Save Changes and Exit.
Using the Smart Cover FailSafe Key
If you enable the Smart Cover Lock and cannot enter your password to disable the lock, you
will need a Smart Cover FailSafe Key to open the computer cover. You will need the key in
any of the following circumstances:
Ä
■
Power outage
■
Startup failure
■
PC component failure (such as processor or power supply)
■
Forgotten password
CAUTION: The Smart Cover FailSafe Key is a specialized tool available from Compaq. Be
prepared; order this key before you need one.
To obtain the FailSafe Key, do any one of the following:
■
Contact your authorized Compaq reseller or service provider.
■
Refer to the Compaq Web site (www.compaq.com) for ordering information.
■
Call the appropriate number listed in the warranty.
For more information about using the Smart Cover FailSafe Key, consult the Hardware
Reference Guide.
3.4.7 Master Boot Record Security
The Master Boot Record (MBR) contains information needed to successfully boot from a
disk and to access the data stored on the disk. Master Boot Record Security may prevent
unintentional or malicious changes to the MBR, such as those caused by some computer
viruses or by the incorrect use of certain disk utilities. It also allows you to recover the “last
known good” MBR, should changes to the MBR be detected when the system is restarted.
To enable MBR Security, complete the following steps:
1. Turn on or restart the computer. If you are in Windows, click Start > Shut Down >
Restart the Computer.
2. When the F10 Setup message appears in the lower-right corner of the screen, press the
F10 key. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
Service Reference Guide
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Desktop Management
you do not press the F10 key while the message is displayed, you must restart the
✎ Ifcomputer
to access the utility.
3. Select Security > Master Boot Record Security > Enabled.
4. Select Security > Save Master Boot Record.
5. Before exiting, click File > Save Changes and Exit.
When MBR Security is enabled, the BIOS prevents any changes being made to the MBR of
the current bootable disk while in MS-DOS or Windows Safe Mode.
operating systems control access to the MBR of the current bootable disk; the BIOS
✎ Most
cannot prevent changes that may occur while the operating system is running.
Each time the computer is turned on or restarted, the BIOS compares the MBR of the current
bootable disk to the previously saved MBR. If changes are detected and if the current
bootable disk is the same disk from which the MBR was previously saved, the following
message is displayed:
1999 - Master Boot Record has changed.
Press any key to enter Setup to configure MBR Security.
Upon entering Computer Setup, you must
■
Save the MBR of the current bootable disk;
■
Restore the previously saved MBR; or
■
Disable the MBR Security feature.
You must know the setup password, if one exists.
If changes are detected and if the current bootable disk is not the same disk from which the
MBR was previously saved, the following message is displayed:
2000 - Master Boot Record Hard Drive has changed.
Press any key to enter Setup to configure MBR Security.
Upon entering Computer Setup, you must
■
Save the MBR of the current bootable disk; or
■
Disable the MBR Security feature.
You must know the setup password, if one exists.
In the unlikely event that the previously saved MBR has been corrupted, the following
message is displayed:
1998 - Master Boot Record has been lost.
Press any key to enter Setup to configure MBR Security.
Upon entering Computer Setup, you must
■
Save the MBR of the current bootable disk; or
■
Disable the MBR Security feature.
You must know the setup password, if one exists.
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Before You Partition or Format the Current Bootable Disk
Ensure that MBR Security is disabled before you change partitioning or formatting of the
current bootable disk. Some disk utilities, such as FDISK and FORMAT, attempt to update
the MBR. If MBR Security is enabled when you change partitioning or formatting of the
disk, you may receive error messages from the disk utility or a warning from MBR Security
the next time the computer is turned on or restarted. To disable MBR Security, complete the
following steps:
1. Turn on or restart the computer. If you are in Windows, click Start > Shut Down >
Restart the Computer.
2. When the F10 Setup message appears in the lower-right corner of the screen, press the
F10 key. Press Enter to bypass the title screen, if necessary.
you do not press the F10 key while the message is displayed, you must restart the
✎ Ifcomputer
to access the utility.
3. Select Security > Master Boot Record Security > Disabled.
4. Before exiting, click File > Save Changes and Exit.
3.4.8 Cable Lock Provision
The rear panel of the computer accommodates a cable lock so that the computer can be
physically secured to a work area.
For illustrated instructions, please see the Hardware Reference Guide on the Reference
Library CD or on the Compaq Documentation Library CD.
3.4.9 Fingerprint Identification Technology
Eliminating the need to enter user passwords, Compaq Fingerprint Identification Technology
tightens network security, simplifies the login process, and reduces the costs associated with
managing corporate networks.
✎ Support for Fingerprint Identification Technology varies by model.
See www.compaq.com/products/options/fit/index.html for more information.
3.5
Fault Notification and Recovery
Fault Notification and Recovery features combine innovative hardware and software
technology to prevent the loss of critical data and minimize unplanned downtime.
When a fault occurs, the computer displays a Local Alert message containing a description
of the fault and any recommended actions. You can then view current system health by using
the Compaq Management Agent. If the computer is connected to a network managed by a
Compaq Insight Manager product or other management products from Compaq Management
Solutions Partners, the computer also sends a fault notice to the network management
application.
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Desktop Management
3.5.1 Drive Protection System
The Compaq Drive Protection System (DPS) is a diagnostic tool built into the hard drives
installed in select Compaq computers. DPS is designed to help diagnose problems that might
result in unwarranted hard drive replacement.
When Compaq enterprise computers are built, each installed hard drive is tested using DPS,
and a permanent record of key information is written onto the drive. Each time DPS is run,
test results are written to the hard drive. Your service provider can use this information to
help diagnose conditions that caused you to run the DPS software. Refer to the
Troubleshooting Guide for instructions on using DPS.
3.5.2 Ultra ATA Integrity Monitoring
Ultra ATA Integrity Monitoring monitors the integrity of data as it is transferred between an
Ultra ATA hard drive and the system’s core logic. If the computer detects an abnormal
number of transmission errors, the computer displays a Local Alert message with
recommended actions.
3.5.3 ECC Fault Prediction and Prefailure Warranty
When the computer encounters an excessive number of error checking and correcting (ECC)
memory errors, the computer displays a Local Alert message. This message contains detailed
information about the errant memory module, allowing you to take action before you
experience non-correctable memory errors. The Prefailure Warranty for ECC memory
modules allows you to replace these modules, free of charge, before the modules actually
fail.
memory is supported on some Compaq products using the Intel 845
✎ ECC
chipset. It is not supported on Intel 815 and 815e chipsets.
this feature, you must replace the standard DIMMs or RIMMs with ECC DIMMs or
✎ ToECCuseRIMMs.
3.5.4 Surge-Tolerant Power Supply
An integrated surge-tolerant power supply provides greater reliability when the computer is
hit with an unpredictable power surge. This power supply is rated to withstand a power surge
of up to 2000 volts without incurring any system downtime or data loss.
3.5.5 Thermal Sensor
The thermal sensor is a hardware and software feature that tracks the internal temperature of
the processor. This feature displays a warning message when the normal range is exceeded,
which gives you time to take action before internal components are damaged or data is lost.
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4
Ultra ATA Drive Guidelines and Features
4.1
Ultra ATA Jumpers
Ultra ATA drives are configured by means of jumper settings. Compaq drives ship with the
jumpers preset to the cable-select mode; therefore, no jumper setting changes are required on
Compaq preinstalled, replacement, or option drives. With cable-select, the drive is
configured as either Master (Drive/Device 0) or Slave (Drive/Device 1) by its physical
attachment to the cable.
If you purchase a third-party hard drive, refer to the documentation included with the drive
kit to ensure proper cable installation and configuration.
drives on a controller channel need to have their jumpers either in the
✎ All
cable-select mode or have the individual drive jumper installed on the
appropriate Master (Drive/Device 0) or Slave (Drive/Device 1) position.
4.2
Ultra ATA Cables
When installing a second device on either the primary or secondary controller, you must use
an industry standard 80-conductor Ultra ATA cable for optimal performance. These cables
have a maximum length of 18 inches and a maximum distance of 6 inches between the two
devices for a two-drive cable.
Drives operating at speeds faster than those of the Ultra ATA-33 devices require
industry-standard 40-pin, 80-conductor cables to maintain the higher data transfer rates
possible with the improved technology.
When using Ultra ATA-100, -66, and slower -33 drives in the same system, each drive will
operate at its appropriate data transfer rate.
4.2.1 Cable Layout
The faces of industry-standard cable connectors are color coded for easy recognition:
■
System board connector = blue face
■
Device 0 connector = black face
■
Device 1 connector = gray face
color code of an industry-standard cable is valid only if the drive’s jumper is
✎ The
in the cable-select position.
Service Reference Guide
4–1
Ultra ATA Drive Guidelines and Features
Single-Drive Cable
System
Board
Device 0
(master)
Blue
Face
Black
Face
Two-Drive Cable
System
Board
Blue
Face
Device 1
(slave)
Gray
Face
Device 0
(master)
Black
Face
On a two-drive cable, the Drive/Device 0 connector is always the farthest one from the
system board connector and the Drive/Device 1 connector is always the closest to the system
board connector.
cables may be labeled “Drive 0” instead of “Device 0” and “Drive 1”
✎ Some
instead of “Device 1”.
4.3
Drive Installation Guidelines
Most computer system boards have two ATA (IDE) controller channels with a dedicated
connector for each controller. One controller is designated as the primary and the other as the
secondary controller.
Each of the two controllers can have up to two devices attached to it. Each computer system
may therefore have a maximum of four ATA/ATAPI drives. All drives are connected to these
controllers using an industry-standard 80-conductor cable.
industry standard 1.44 MB diskette drive has its own separate channel and
✎ The
is not included as a part of the maximum four drives.
Any drive attached to a controller must have a drive designation. If only a single drive is
connected to a controller and its jumper is in the cable-select position, it is designated as the
Master Drive (Drive/Device 0) by its attachment to the Drive/Device 0 cable position. If two
cable-selected drives are connected to a single controller, one will be designated by its
attachment to the cable as the Master (Drive/Device 0) and the other as Slave (Drive/Device
1).
For optimal performance of a computer system, all drives need to be attached to the ATA
controllers in a specified sequence. This sequence is determined by the device class of the
drives and by specific attach sequence rules.
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Service Reference Guide
Ultra ATA Drive Guidelines and Features
4.3.1 Device Classes
In order to determine the best drive attach sequence, ATA/ATAPI drives are segregated into
four different classes based upon the bandwidth demands they place on an ATA controller.
The most demanding devices are in Class 1 and the least demanding are in Class 4.
Class 1
Hard Drives
ATA-100
ATA-66
ATA-33
Class 2
High Speed
Optical Drives
DVD
DVD-CD R/W
Class 3
Optical Storage
Drives
Class 4
Magnetic Storage
Drives
R/W CD-ROM
CD-ROM
LS-120
Tape
Zip
General Attach Guidelines
■
The lower the device class number, the faster the device and the more bandwidth
required.
■
Drives installed in the Device 0 positions on both the primary and secondary controllers
receive the greatest possible bandwidth.
■
The bootable ATA hard drive should always be installed on the primary controller in the
Device 0 position.
4.3.2 Attach Sequence Rules by Class Priority
Drives should be attached in the sequence shown for optimum performance starting at
position 1.
4
1
3
2
Primary
Controller*
4
1
Secondary
Controller
3
2
Device 1
Device 0
*If there are three or more devices, two or more of which are hard drives, two hard drives
should be attached to the primary controller first before following the General Attach
Sequence Rule.
Service Reference Guide
4–3
Ultra ATA Drive Guidelines and Features
The attach sequence rule may also be stated in table format:
General Attach Sequence Rule*
Sequence
Description
1
The lowest class drive - bootable hard drive recommended.
2
If only two drives, the last drive goes here; otherwise the lowest class of
the remaining drives.
3
If only three drives, attach the final drive here. If a fourth drive exists,
attach the lowest class drive here.
4
If there is a fourth drive, attach the final drive here - the drive with the
highest class number of all devices.
*If there are three or more devices, two or more of which are hard drives, two hard drives
should be attached to the primary controller first before following the General Attach
Sequence Rule.
The rules allow for:
■
Keeping the hard drive on a separate controller channel maximizes drive performance
until a fourth device is added.
■
Keeping the hard drives and removable media drives on separate controller channels
maximizes compatibility.
■
Keeping the hard drive and the writable optical drive on separate controller channels
maximizes optical drive reliability.
4.3.3 Attach Sequence Worksheet
Use the worksheet below for obtaining optimum system performance when setting up a
computer with multiple drives. Use the General Attach Sequence Rule to determine the best
drive installation sequence.
Attach Sequence Worksheet
Device Name
Device
Class
Position
Number
Controller
Name
Device
Number
Two examples of how to use the worksheet are:
4–4
■
Three device installation
■
Four device installation
Service Reference Guide
Ultra ATA Drive Guidelines and Features
Example 1: Three Device Installation Sample
A system has three devices: Ultra ATA-100 hard drive, CD-ROM drive, and a DVD drive.
Using the Device Class Table in Section 4.3.1, the devices may be identified as:
■
Ultra ATA-100 hard drive = Class 1
■
DVD drive = Class 2
■
CD-ROM drive = Class 3
Attach Sequence Worksheet - Three Device Installation (Sample)
Device
Class
Device Name
Position
Number
Controller
Name
Device
Number
Ultra ATA-100 hard drive
1
1
Primary
0
DVD drive
2
2
Secondary
0
CD-ROM drive
3
3
Secondary
1
4
1
3
2
Primary
Controller*
4
1
Secondary
Controller
3
2
Device 1
Device 0
Example 2: Four Device Installation Sample
A system has four devices: Ultra ATA-100 hard drive, Ultra ATA-100 hard drive,
DVD-CDR/W drive, and a ZIP-250 drive. Using the Device Class Table in Section 4.3.1, the
devices may be reidentified as:
■
Ultra ATA-100 hard drive = Class 1
■
Ultra ATA-100 hard drive = Class 1
■
DVD-CDR/W drive = Class 2
■
ZIP-250 drive = Class 4
Service Reference Guide
4–5
Ultra ATA Drive Guidelines and Features
Attach Sequence Worksheet - Four Device Installation (Sample)
Device
Class
Device Name
Position
Number
Controller
Name
Device
Number
Ultra ATA-100 hard drive
1
1
Primary
0
DVD-CDR/W drive
2
2
Secondary
0
ZIP-250 drive
4
3
Secondary
1
Ultra ATA-100 hard drive*
1
4
Primary
1
*If there are three or more devices, two or more of which are hard drives, two hard drives
should be attached to the primary controller first before following the General Attach
Sequence Rule.
4
1
3
2
Primary
Controller*
4
1
Secondary
Controller
3
2
Device 1
Device 0
4.3.4 Additional Drive Application Notes
4.4
■
When replacing a hard drive, the replacement should be of the same type (Ultra ATA
-33, -66, or -100) as that being removed to retain the same level of performance.
■
When Ultra ATA and SCSI hard drives are mixed in the same system, the Ultra ATA
drive will become the boot drive unless the boot order is changed in Computer Setup
(F10 Setup).
SMART
The Self Monitoring Analysis and Recording Technology (SMART) ATA drives for the
Compaq Personal Computers and Workstations have built-in drive failure prediction that
warns the user or the network administrator of an impending failure or crash of the hard
drive. The SMART drives track fault prediction and failure indication parameters such as
reallocated sector count, spin retry count, and calibration retry count. If the drive determines
that a failure is imminent, it generates a fault alert.
4–6
Service Reference Guide
Ultra ATA Drive Guidelines and Features
4.5
Drive Capacities
The combination of the file system and the operating system used in the computer
determines the maximum usable size of a drive partition. A drive partition is the largest
segment of a drive that may be properly accessed by the operating system. A single hard
drive may therefore be subdivided into a number of unique drive partitions in order to make
use of all of its space.
The table that follows identifies the capabilities and restrictions imposed on the computer by
the combinations of file and operating systems.
Microsoft to Drive Manufacturer Size Conversion Table*
Drive Size as Identified by
Microsoft Operating System
Drive Size as Identified by
Drive Manufacturers
2 GB
2.1 GB
4 GB
4.3 GB
32 GB
34.4 GB
64 GB
68.7 GB
128 GB
137 GB
2 TB
2.199 TB
*Drive size calculations by drive manufacturers are bytes to the base 10
while calculations by Microsoft are bytes to the base 2.
Service Reference Guide
4–7
Ultra ATA Drive Guidelines and Features
Drive/Partition Capacity Limits
Maximum Size
File
System
Controller
Type
Operating System
Partition
Drive
FAT 16
ATA or SCSI
DOS/Windows 95
2 GB
128 GB
FAT 16
ATA or SCSI
Windows NT
4 GB
128 GB
FAT 32
ATA or SCSI
Windows 98/SE
64 GB
128 GB
FAT 32
ATA
Windows 98/SE with QFE*
and Windows ME
128 GB
128 GB
FAT 32
SCSI
Windows 98/SE with QFE*
and Windows ME
2 TB
2 TB
FAT 32
ATA
Windows 2000/ XP
32 GB
128 GB
FAT 32
SCSI
Windows 2000/ XP
32 GB
2 TB
NTFS
ATA
Windows NT/2000/XP
128 GB
128 GB
NTFS
SCSI
Windows NT/2000/XP
2TB
2TB
*For Windows 98/SE with QFE see www.microsoft.com, search for Q263044 for
details on how to expand partition size.
4–8
Service Reference Guide
5
SCSI Devices
5.1
SCSI Guidelines
When installing and operating SCSI devices, you must follow these guidelines:
Ä
■
A narrow (50-pin) SCSI controller allows you to daisy-chain up to 7 additional SCSI
devices. Counting the controller, that amounts to 8 total SCSI devices.
■
A wide (68-pin) SCSI controller allows you to daisy-chain up to 15 additional SCSI
devices. Counting the controller, that amounts to 16 total SCSI devices.
■
If two narrow (50-pin) SCSI controllers are each connected to separate system board
SCSI connectors, each controller may have seven SCSI devices attached. Counting the
controller, this gives a total of 16 SCSI devices on the system.
■
Compaq does not recommend mixing different width SCSI devices on the same SCSI
chain or on the same SCSI channel. Mixing devices of different widths on the same
chain or channel will always result in a data transfer rate of the slowest machine in that
chain. The only exception to this is that Ultra Wide SCSI devices will cause a speed
degradation when mixed with other 68-pin devices.
■
If multiple SCSI devices are used, split the devices between Channels A and B for
optimum performance. Cable length for the second channel should not be longer than 18
inches.
■
If two controllers are used, each may use SCSI devices having widths and speeds
different from the other. If a 68-pin data cable is used on a controller having 50-pin SCSI
devices, use an internal cable adapter (Compaq number 199618-001) or an external cable
adapter (Compaq number 270187-B21).
CAUTION: Do not route data cables near the air intake to the power supply. Cables
routed in this manner may block the airflow and cause the computer to overheat.
■
■
All SCSI controllers require a unique SCSI ID (0-7 or 8-15) for each SCSI device
installed. The controller identifies a SCSI device by its SCSI ID number rather than its
location. Moving a SCSI device from one position to another on the SCSI chain does not
affect communication between the controller and the device. The reserved and available
SCSI ID numbers for SCSI devices are:
❏
0 is reserved for the primary hard drive.
❏
7 is reserved for the SCSI controller.
❏
1 through 6 and 8 through 15 are available for all other SCSI devices.
68-pin SCSI controllers require a 53 inch maximum length-twisted pair, LVD cable with
built-in terminator, maximum of 5 drives with a minimum driving spacing of 5.25
inches.
Service Reference Guide
5–1
SCSI Devices
Every SCSI chain or circuit must be terminated (closed) at both ends. Some system boards
have both ends of the SCSI cable connected to, and terminated by, the system board.
Termination can be accomplished in one of several ways:
■
5.2
❏
Use a cable with a built-in terminator.
❏
Use a cable with a terminating resistor plug in the last connector.
❏
Connect a SCSI device with its termination enabled into the last connector.
❏
Connect an external SCSI device with its termination enabled to the external SCSI
connector on the rear panel of the computer.
Turn on all external SCSI devices before turning on the power to the computer. This
enables the SCSI controller to recognize the external devices.
Using the Multi-Mode SCSI Cable
Some products ship standard with a multi-mode SCSI cable having a terminator 1 on one
end. This cable supports both low voltage differential (LVD) and single ended (SE) devices.
One end of the cable connects to the internal LVD/SE connector on the system board, with
the remaining connectors used on the hard drives.
1
multi-mode cable included with the computer may differ from the one
✎ The
pictured.
For additional information about installing optional SCSI devices, refer to the documentation
included with the device option kit.
5–2
Service Reference Guide
SCSI Devices
5.3
Using SCSISelect with SCSI Devices
The Ultra160 and faster SCSI host adapters include the SCSISelect utility to configure the
host adapter and to run the SCSI disk utilities. To run the SCSISelect utility:
■
In POST Messages Enabled mode: Press Ctrl+A when the Press<Ctrl><A> for
SCSISelect Utility message appears during POST.
■
In POST Messages Disabled mode: When the Compaq logo screen appears, press any
key to exit the logo screen. Immediately after exiting the logo screen, press Ctrl+A to
access the SCSISelect utility
A menu appears with the following options:
■
Configure/View Host Adapter Settings
❏
❏
■
SCSI Bus Interface Definitions
◆
Host Adapter SCSI ID
◆
SCSI Parity Checking
◆
Host Adapter SCSI Termination
Additional Options
◆
Boot Device Options
◆
SCSI Device Configuration
◆
Advanced Configuration Options
SCSI Disk Utilities
❏
Lists all SCSI devices and SCSI ID numbers
additional information about configuring POST message display status,
✎ For
refer to the Computer Setup Guide.
5.4
SMART
The Self Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology (SMART) IDE and SCSI hard
drives for Compaq Personal Computers and Workstations have built-in drive failure
prediction that warns the user or the network administrator of an impending failure or crash
of the hard drive. SMART drives track fault prediction and failure indication parameters
such as re-allocated sector count, spin retry count, and calibration retry count. If the drive
determines that a failure is imminent, it generates a fault alert.
Service Reference Guide
5–3
SCSI Devices
5.5
Jumpers
The specifications included below are the standard drive configurations.
5.5.1 Ultra3 SCSI Hard Drive
SCSI ID Settings
SCSI ID
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
1
jumper
2
jumper
3
jumper
4
jumper
5
jumper
6
jumper
jumper
jumper
jumper
Default Settings
Signal
Description
S
Start unit command
enabled
P
Parity enabled
W
Write protect disabled
X
Switch data transfer
enabled
Jumper
jumper
jumper
✎ 1.
Drive intended only for non-pluggable applications. Migration to a
hot-pluggable drive tray is not supported.
2. All jumper and switch settings shown in the factory default setting,
including those not labeled.
3. Termination is disabled/removed.
5–4
Service Reference Guide
SCSI Devices
5.5.2 IDE CD-ROM or DVD-ROM Drive
C S M
S L A
C S M
S L A
C S M
S L A
Use CSEL
Slave
Master
5.5.3 Zip Drive
Jumper Settings
Configuration
Pair 1
Pair 2
Device 0 (Master)
Pair 3
jumper
Device 1 (Slave)
Cable Select (Default)
jumper
changing the jumper settings, reboot the computer to recognize the new
✎ After
address.
Service Reference Guide
5–5
SCSI Devices
5–6
Service Reference Guide
6
Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and
Disassembly Preparation
This chapter provides general service information for the computer. Adherence to the
procedures and precautions described in this chapter is essential for proper service.
Ä
6.1
CAUTION: When the computer is plugged into an AC power source voltage is always
applied to the system board. You must disconnect the power cord from the power source
before opening the computer to prevent system board or component damage.
Chassis Designations
6.1.1 Convertible Minitower (CMT)
Service Reference Guide
6–1
Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and Disassembly Preparation
6.1.2 Microtower (uT)
6.1.3 Desktop (DT)
6–2
Service Reference Guide
Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and Disassembly Preparation
6.1.4 Small Form Factor, Type 1 (SFF, T1)
6.1.5 Small Form Factor, Type 2 (SFF, T2)
Service Reference Guide
6–3
Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and Disassembly Preparation
6.1.6 iPAQ
6.1.7 Ultra-Slim Desktop (USDT)
6–4
Service Reference Guide
Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and Disassembly Preparation
6.2
Electrostatic Discharge Information
A sudden discharge of static electricity from your finger or other conductor can destroy
static-sensitive devices or microcircuitry. Often the spark is neither felt nor heard, but
damage occurs. An electronic device exposed to electrostatic discharge (ESD) may not
appear to be affected at all and can work perfectly throughout a normal cycle. The device
may function normally for a while, but it has been degraded in the internal layers, reducing
its life expectancy.
Networks built into many integrated circuits provide some protection, but in many cases, the
discharge contains enough power to alter device parameters or melt silicon junctions.
6.2.1 Generating Static
The following table shows that:
■
Different activities generate different amounts of static electricity.
■
Static electricity increases as humidity decreases.
Relative Humidity
Event
55%
40%
10%
Walking across carpet
Walking across vinyl floor
Motions of bench worker
Removing DIPs* from plastic tube
7,500 V
3,000 V
400 V
400 V
15,000 V
5,000 V
800 V
700 V
35,000 V
12,000 V
6,000 V
2,000 V
Removing DIPs* from vinyl tray
Removing DIPs* from Styrofoam
Removing bubble pack from PCB
Packing PCBs in foam-lined box
2,000 V
3,500 V
7,000 V
5,000 V
4,000 V
5,000 V
20,000 V
11,000 V
11,500 V
14,500 V
26,500 V
21,000 V
*These are then multi-packaged inside plastic tubes, trays, or Styrofoam.
✎ 700 volts can degrade a product.
6.2.2 Preventing Electrostatic Damage to Equipment
Many electronic components are sensitive to ESD. Circuitry design and structure determine
the degree of sensitivity. The following packaging and grounding precautions are necessary
to prevent damage to electric components and accessories.
■
To avoid hand contact, transport products in static-safe containers such as tubes, bags, or
boxes.
■
Protect all electrostatic parts and assemblies with conductive or approved containers or
packaging.
■
Keep electrostatic sensitive parts in their containers until they arrive at static-free
stations.
■
Place items on a grounded surface before removing them from their container.
■
Always be properly grounded when touching a sensitive component or assembly.
■
Avoid contact with pins, leads, or circuitry.
Service Reference Guide
6–5
Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and Disassembly Preparation
■
Place reusable electrostatic-sensitive parts from assemblies in protective packaging or
conductive foam.
6.2.3 Personal Grounding Methods and Equipment
Use the following equipment to prevent static electricity damage to equipment:
■
Wrist straps are flexible straps with a maximum of one-megohm ± 10% resistance in
the ground cords. To provide proper ground, a strap must be worn snug against bare skin.
The ground cord must be connected and fit snugly into the banana plug connector on the
grounding mat or workstation.
■
Heel straps/Toe straps/Boot straps can be used at standing workstations and are
compatible with most types of shoes or boots. On conductive floors or dissipative floor
mats, use them on both feet with a maximum of one-megohm ± 10% resistance between
the operator and ground.
Static Shielding Protection Levels
Method
Voltage
Antistatic plastic
Carbon-loaded plastic
Metallized laminate
1,500
7,500
15,000
6.2.4 Grounding the Work Area
To prevent static damage at the work area, use the following precautions:
■
Cover the work surface with approved static-dissipative material. Provide a wrist strap
connected to the work surface and properly grounded tools and equipment.
■
Use static-dissipative mats, foot straps, or air ionizers to give added protection.
■
Handle electrostatic sensitive components, parts, and assemblies by the case or PCB
laminate. Handle them only at static-free work areas.
■
Turn off power and input signals before inserting and removing connectors or test
equipment.
■
Use fixtures made of static-safe materials when fixtures must directly contact dissipative
surfaces.
■
Keep work area free of nonconductive materials such as ordinary plastic assembly aids
and Styrofoam.
■
Use field service tools, such as cutters, screwdrivers, and vacuums, that are conductive.
6.2.5 Recommended Materials and Equipment
Materials and equipment that are recommended for use in preventing static electricity
include:
6–6
■
Antistatic tape
■
Antistatic smocks, aprons, or sleeve protectors
■
Conductive bins and other assembly or soldering aids
Service Reference Guide
Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and Disassembly Preparation
6.3
■
Conductive foam
■
Conductive tabletop workstations with ground cord of one-megohm +/- 10% resistance
■
Static-dissipative table or floor mats with hard tie to ground
■
Field service kits
■
Static awareness labels
■
Wrist straps and footwear straps providing one-megohm +/- 10% resistance
■
Material handling packages
■
Conductive plastic bags
■
Conductive plastic tubes
■
Conductive tote boxes
■
Opaque shielding bags
■
Transparent metallized shielding bags
■
Transparent shielding tubes
Routine Care
6.3.1 General Cleaning Safety Precautions
1. Never use solvents or flammable solutions to clean the computer.
2. Never immerse any parts in water or cleaning solutions; apply any liquids to a clean
cloth and then use the cloth on the component.
3. Always unplug the computer when cleaning with liquids or damp cloths.
4. Always unplug the computer before cleaning the keyboard, mouse, or air vents.
5. Disconnect the keyboard before cleaning it.
6. Wear safety glasses equipped with side shields when cleaning the keyboard.
6.3.2 Cleaning the Computer Case
Follow all safety precautions in Section 6.2.1 before cleaning the computer.
To clean the computer case, follow the procedures described below:
■
To remove light stains or dirt, use plain water with a clean, lint-free cloth or swab.
■
For stronger stains, use a mild dishwashing liquid diluted with water. Rinse well by
wiping it with a cloth or swab dampened with clear water.
■
For stubborn stains, use isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol. No rinsing is needed as the alcohol
will evaporate quickly and not leave a residue.
■
After cleaning, always wipe the unit with a clean, lint-free cloth.
■
Occasionally clean the air vents on the computer. Lint and other foreign matter can block
the vents and limit the airflow.
Service Reference Guide
6–7
Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and Disassembly Preparation
6.3.3 Cleaning the Keyboard
Follow all safety precautions in Section 6.2.1 before cleaning the keyboard.
To clean the tops of the keys or the keyboard body, follow the procedures described in
Section 6.2.2.
When cleaning debris from under the keys, review all rules in Section 6.2.1 before following
these procedures:
Ä
Ä
CAUTION: Use safety glasses equipped with side shields before attempting to clean
debris from under the keys.
■
Visible debris underneath or between the keys may be removed by vacuuming or
shaking.
■
Canned, pressurized air may be used to clean debris from under the keys. Caution should
be used as too much air pressure can dislodge lubricants applied under the wide keys.
■
If you remove a key, use a specially designed key puller to prevent damage to the keys.
This tool is available through many electronic supply outlets.
CAUTION: Never remove a wide leveled key (like the space bar) from the keyboard. If
these keys are improperly removed or installed, the keyboard may not function properly.
■
Cleaning under a key may be done with a swab moistened with isopropyl alcohol and
squeezed out. Be careful not to wipe away lubricants necessary for proper key functions.
Use tweezers to remove any fibers or dirt in confined areas. Allow the parts to air dry
before reassembly.
6.3.4 Cleaning the Monitor
■
Wipe the monitor screen with a clean cloth moistened with water or with a towelette
designed for cleaning monitors. Do not use sprays or aerosols directly on the screen; the
liquid may seep into the housing and damage a component. Never use solvents or
flammable liquids on the monitor.
■
To clean the monitor body follow the procedures in Section 6.2.2.
6.3.5 Cleaning the Mouse
Before cleaning the mouse, ensure that the power to the computer is turned off.
6.4
■
Clean the mouse ball by first removing the retaining plate and the ball from the housing.
Pull out any debris from the ball socket and wipe the ball with a clean, dry cloth before
reassembly.
■
To clean the mouse body, follow the procedures in 6.2.2.
Service Considerations
Listed below are some of the considerations that you should keep in mind during the
disassembly and assembly of the computer.
6–8
Service Reference Guide
Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and Disassembly Preparation
6.4.1 Power Supply Fan
The power supply fan is a variable-speed fan based on the temperature in the power supply.
Ä
CAUTION: The cooling fan is off only when the computer is turned off or the power cable
has been disconnected.
The cooling fan is always on when the computer is either in the “On,” “Standby,” or
“Suspend” modes.
You must disconnect the power cord from the power source before opening the computer
to prevent system board or component damage.
6.4.2 Tools and Software Requirements
To service the computer, you need the following:
■
Torx T-15 screwdriver (Compaq screwdriver with bits, PN 161946-001)
■
Torx T-15 screwdriver with small diameter shank (for certain front bezel removal)
■
Flat-bladed screwdriver (may sometimes be used in place of the Torx screwdriver)
■
Diagnostics software
■
Compaq tamper-resistant T-15 wrench (Smart Cover FailSafe Key, PN 166527-001) or
Compaq tamper-resistant bits (Smart Cover FailSafe Key, PN 166527-002)
6.4.3 Screws
The screws used in the computer are not interchangeable. They may have standard or metric
threads and may be of different lengths. If an incorrect screw is used during the reassembly
process, it can damage the unit. Compaq strongly recommends that all screws removed
during disassembly be kept with the part that was removed, then returned to their proper
locations.
screws have a black finish.
✎ Metric
U.S. screws have a silver finish.
each subassembly is removed from the computer, it should be placed away
✎ As
from the work area to prevent damage.
6.4.4 Cables and Connectors
Most cables used throughout the unit are flat, flexible cables. These cables must be handled
with care to avoid damage. Apply only the tension required to seat or unseat the cables
during insertion or removal from the connector. Handle cables by the connector whenever
possible. In all cases, avoid bending or twisting the cables, and ensure that the cables are
routed in such a way that they cannot be caught or snagged by parts being removed or
replaced.
Service Reference Guide
6–9
Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and Disassembly Preparation
Ä
CAUTION: When servicing this computer, ensure that cables are placed in their proper
location during the reassembly process. Improper cable placement can damage the
computer.
6.4.5 Hard Drives
Handle hard drives as delicate, precision components, avoiding all physical shock and
vibration. This applies to failed drives as well as replacement spares.
■
If a drive must be mailed, place the drive in a bubble-pack mailer or other suitable
protective packaging and label the package “Fragile: Handle With Care.”
■
Do not remove hard drives from the shipping package for storage. Keep hard drives in
their protective packaging until they are actually mounted in the CPU.
■
Avoid dropping drives from any height onto any surface.
■
If you are inserting or removing a hard drive, turn off the computer. Do not remove a
hard drive while the computer is on or in standby mode.
■
Before handling a drive, ensure that you are discharged of static electricity. While
handling a drive, avoid touching the connector. For more information about preventing
electrostatic damage, refer to Section 6.1, “Electrostatic Discharge Information.”
■
Do not use excessive force when inserting a drive.
■
Avoid exposing a hard drive to liquids, temperature extremes, or products that have
magnetic fields such as monitors or speakers.
6.4.6 Lithium Coin Cell Battery
The battery that comes with the computer provides power to the real-time clock and has a
minimum lifetime of about three years.
See Chapter 9, “Removal and Replacement Procedures–Small Components,” for instructions
on the replacement procedures.
Å
WARNING: This computer contains a lithium battery. There is a risk of fire and chemical
burn if the battery is handled improperly. Do not disassemble, crush, puncture, short
external contacts, dispose in water or fire, or expose it to temperatures higher than 140ºF
(60ºC).
Ä
CAUTION: Batteries, battery packs, and accumulators should not be disposed of
together with the general household waste.
6–10
Service Reference Guide
7
Removal and Replacement Procedures
Security Components
For an overview of the different chassis discussed in this chapter, refer to Chapter 6
“Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and Disassembly Preparation.” The chassis are:
Convertible Minitower (CMT), Microtower (uT), Desktop (DT), Small Form Factor, Type 1
(SFF, T1), Small Form Factor, Type 2 (SFF, T2), and Ultra-Slim Desktop (USDT).
Ä
CAUTION: When the computer is plugged into an AC power source voltage is always
applied to the system board. You must disconnect the power cord from the power source
before opening the computer to prevent system board or component damage.
This chapter provides general service information for the computer. Adherence to the
procedures and precautions described in this chapter is essential for proper service.
After completing all necessary removal and replacement procedures, run the Diagnostics
utility to verify that all components operate properly.
✎ Not all features listed in this guide are available on all computers.
7.1
Preparation for Disassembly
See Chapter 6, “Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and Disassembly Preparation,” for
initial procedures.
1. Remove/disengage any security devices that prohibit opening the computer.
2. Close any open software applications.
3. Exit the operating system.
4. Remove any diskette, compact disc, or MultiBay device from the computer.
5. Turn off the computer and any peripheral devices that are connected to it.
Ä
The cooling fan is off only when the computer is turned off or the power cable has
Ä been disconnected.
The cooling fan is always on when the computer is in the “On,” “Standby,”
CAUTION: Turn off the computer before disconnecting any cables.
CAUTION:
or “Suspend” modes. You must disconnect the power cord from the power source before
opening the computer to prevent system board or component damage.
6. Disconnect the power cord from the electrical outlet and then from the computer.
7. Disconnect all peripheral device cables from the computer.
Service Reference Guide
7–1
Removal and Replacement Procedures Security Components
disassembly, label each cable as you remove it, noting its position and
✎ During
routing. Keep all screws with the units removed.
Ä
7–2
CAUTION: The screws used in the computer are of different thread sizes and lengths;
using the wrong screw in an application may damage the unit.
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Security Components
7.2
Security Devices
7.2.1 Smart Cover Lock
The Smart Cover Lock is a software-controllable cover lock found on some desktop personal
computers and workstations. This lock prevents unauthorized access to the internal
components when the Smart Cover Lock and setup password are enabled.
If you enabled the Smart Cover Lock, use Computer Setup to unlock it. If you cannot enter
your password to disable the lock, you will need a Smart Cover FailSafe Key (Compaq
spare PN 166527-001 or 166527-002) to open the computer cover. You will also need the
key in any of the following circumstances:
■
Power outage
■
Startup failure
■
PC component (e.g., processor or power supply) failure
■
Lost password
fan is off only when the computer is turned off or the
Ä power cableThehascooling
been disconnected.
cooling fan is always on when the
CAUTION:
The
computer is in the “On,” “Standby,” or “Suspend” modes. You must disconnect
the power cord from the power source before opening the computer to prevent
system board or component damage.
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Using the Smart Cover FailSafe Key, remove the two tamper-proof screws that secure
the Smart Cover Lock to the chassis. Use the special Compaq tamper-resistant T-15
wrench (PN 166527-001) or screwdriver bit (PN 166527-002) for this operation.
3. Remove the access panel and then remove the Smart Cover Lock.
To reattach the Smart Cover Lock, secure the lock in place with the tamper-proof screws.
Service Reference Guide
7–3
Removal and Replacement Procedures Security Components
7.2.2 Compaq Type 1 Security Bracket
Å
WARNING: To avoid injury, use care in handling the separated pieces of the cable lock
bracket; metal edges may be sharp. Be sure to install the bracket so that sharp edges do
not extend from the edges of the computer chassis.
Depending on the model, the computer includes a cable lock provision, which consists of a
three-piece security bracket. The bottom part of the bracket is attached to the computer with
a screw; the top part of the bracket covers the screw and prevents its removal.
1. Separate the pieces of the security bracket by bending the metal where the three pieces
join.
2. Slide the tab on the narrow piece of the bracket into the notch on the back of the
computer and rotate this piece toward the screw hole, then slide the U-shaped piece of
the bracket between the narrow piece and the computer.
3. Position both pieces of the bracket over the screw hole and secure the bracket to the
computer with the screw provided.
4. Cover the screw with the flat portion of the security bracket.
5. Install a padlock (not provided) to secure the top part of the security bracket and inhibit
access to the inside of the computer. Install a cable lock (not provided) to inhibit access
to the interior of the computer and secure the computer to a fixed object.
To remove the cable lock provision, reverse the above procedure.
7–4
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Security Components
7.2.3 Compaq Type 2 Security Bracket
This bracket is designed for use on desktop chassis having two cable lock bracket mounting
holes. The bracket may be used either with a standard padlock or a Kensington or other cable
lock depending on the opening selected on the computer.
Å
WARNING: To avoid injury, use care in handling the separated pieces of the cable lock
bracket; metal edges may be sharp. Be sure to install the bracket so that sharp edges do
not extend from the edges of the computer chassis.
When using the upper mounting hole on the chassis with a standard padlock, complete these
steps:
1. Separate the pieces of the security bracket by bending the metal where the three
pieces join.
2. Slide the tab on the dog-legged piece of the bracket 1 into the notch on the back of the
computer and rotate this piece toward the screw hole; then, position the U-shaped piece
of the bracket 2 over the screw hole and secure the bracket to the computer with the
screw provided.
3. Cover the screw with the flat portion of the security bracket 3. Then, install a padlock
(not provided) to secure the top part of the security bracket and inhibit access to the
inside of the computer. Install a cable (not provided) to inhibit access and to secure the
computer to a fixed object.
Service Reference Guide
7–5
Removal and Replacement Procedures Security Components
If a cable lock is used in the upper mounting hole on the chassis, complete these steps:
4. Separate the pieces of the security bracket by bending the metal where the three
pieces join.
5. Slide the tab on the dog-legged piece of the bracket 1 into the notch on the back of the
computer and rotate this piece toward the screw hole; then, secure the bracket to the
computer with the screw provided.
6. Cover the screw with the flat portion of the security bracket 3.
7. Install the cable lock.
7–6
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Security Components
7.2.4 Kensington Cable Lock
Depending on the model, the rear panel of the computer accommodates a cable lock so that
the computer can be physically secured to a work area
1. Loop the cable around a heavy, fixed object to which you want to secure the computer.
2. Insert the cable lock end of the cable through the loop end of the cable.
3. Insert the lock into the appropriate slot on the rear of the computer and lock with the key.
To remove the cable lock provision, reverse the above procedure.
Service Reference Guide
7–7
Removal and Replacement Procedures Security Components
7.2.5 iPAQ Security Bar
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
Å
WARNING: Power is continuous to the system board and power supply even when the
power switch is turned off. To prevent damage to the unit, disconnect the power cord from
the power source or the unit before beginning disassembly procedures.
2. Remove the security bar retaining screw. Use the special Compaq tamper-resistant T-15
wrench (PN 166527-001) or screwdriver bit (PN 166527-002) for this operation.
3. Remove the security bar.
To install the security bar, reverse the above procedure.
7–8
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Security Components
7.2.6 iPAQ Desk Attachment
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the left and right exterior access panels.
3. Place the computer in the desired position and mark through the mounting holes to
accurately locate where the fasteners will be installed.
It will be necessary to remove the two front rubber feet before you can mark the
mounting hole locations.
4. Move the computer; then drill pilot holes in the mounting surface to accept the fasteners.
Ä
CAUTION: Do not drill any holes through the computer chassis. Use the existing holes in
the chassis to layout the location of the desired holes.
5. Reposition the computer and install the fasteners through the computer chassis.
✎ #14 Screws are recommended for this installation.
6. Reinstall the exterior access panels.
Service Reference Guide
7–9
Removal and Replacement Procedures Security Components
7.3
Hood Sensor
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Rotate the drive cage to the upright position (if applicable).
4. Disconnect the power cable from the system board 1.
5. Push the sensor toward the front of the computer 2.
6. Pull the sensor down through the hole in which it sits to remove it from the chassis 3
and lift it out of the computer.
DT shown
To install the hood sensor, reverse the removal procedure.
7–10
Service Reference Guide
8
Removal and Replacement Procedures
Drives
For an overview of the different chassis discussed in this chapter, refer to Chapter 6
“Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and Disassembly Preparation.” The chassis are:
Convertible Minitower (CMT), Microtower (uT), Desktop (DT), Small Form Factor, Type 1
(SFF, T1), Small Form Factor, Type 2 (SFF, T2), and Ultra-Slim Desktop (USDT).
WARNING: Power is continuous to the system board and power supply even when the
power switch is turned off. To prevent damage to the unit, disconnect the power cord from
the power source or the unit before beginning disassembly procedures.
8.1
Drives
When installing additional drives, follow these guidelines:
■
For optimal performance, connect hard drives to the primary controller. Connect
expansion devices, such as CD-ROM, IDE tape, and diskette drives to the secondary
controller.
to Chapter 4 for more detailed information on Ultra ATA drives and to
✎ Refer
Chapter 5 for SCSI drives.
■
You must install guide screws to ensure that the drive lines up correctly in the drive cage.
Compaq has provided extra guide screws, which are installed in the front of the
computer chassis, behind the front bezel. Some options require metric hardware.
Compaq-supplied metric screws are black.
■
Drive installation requires no jumper setting changes on the existing or optional drives.
All Compaq drives have the jumpers preset for cable-select installation.
■
The system automatically recognizes hard drives sold by Compaq (or any other Plug and
Play hard drive) and will automatically reconfigure the computer. If you installed a
third-party hard drive, or one that is not a Plug and Play device, you must run Computer
Setup to reconfigure the computer.
installing a second device on the primary controller, you must use an
✎ If80-conductor
Ultra ATA cable for optimal performance. This cable is available
as a Compaq option.
Ä
CAUTION: When servicing the computer, ensure that cables are placed in their proper
locations during the reassembly process. Improper cable placement can damage the
computer.
Service Reference Guide
8–1
Removal and Replacement Procedures Drives
8.1.1 Convertible Minitower
Removing a Drive
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Lay the computer down on its large base (side with feet) for greater stability.
3. Remove the access panel.
4. Remove the front bezel.
5. Disconnect the power, data, and audio (if applicable) cables from the back of the drive.
6. Press the drivelock mechanism to unlock the drives. Drivelock 1 secures the external
drives in the desktop configuration; drivelock 2 secures all drives in the minitower
configuration and the internal drives in the desktop configuration.
8–2
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Drives
7. While holding the drivelock in the unlocked position, remove the drive from the
drive bay.
8. Remove the four guide screws from the drive.
9. Install two guide screws on each side of the replacement drive.
✎ Metric screws (M3) have a black finish; U.S. screws have a silver finish.
Replace the drive by reversing the above procedure.
Ä
CAUTION: Use only 3/16-inch or 5-mm long screws as guide screws. Longer screws
can damage the internal components of the drive.
Installing a New Drive
1. Install two guide screws on each side of the replacement drive 1.
2. Ensure that the guide screws line up with the guide slots 2, then slide the drive into the
drive bay until it snaps into place.
3. Connect the power and signal cables to the back of the drive.
4. Remove the bezel blank from the subpanel, if necessary.
5. Reinstall the subpanel and the front bezel.
✎ Refer to the previous drawing for these steps.
Service Reference Guide
8–3
Removal and Replacement Procedures Drives
Removing a 3.5-Inch Drive from a 5.25-Inch Drive Adapter
A 3.5-inch drive must be installed into a 5.25-inch drive adapter in order to install the
smaller drive into a standard 5.25-inch drive bay.
1. Remove the bracket brace 1 from the top of the drive adapter by squeezing inward on
both sides, then rotating the brace up and out.
2. Remove the drive bezel 2.
drives use a different front bezel but the removal procedure is the
✎ Buttonless
same.
3. Remove the three screws 3 that secure the drive to the left and right sides of the drive
adapter.
4. Slide the drive 4 to the rear of the drive adapter until the diskette drive eject button is
free of the button protector, then lift the drive out of the drive adapter.
5. Remove the guide screws from the drive 5.
To replace the drive, reverse the previous procedures.
primary 3.5-inch diskette drive should only be installed into bay 3. Bay 3 is
✎ The
the bottom bay in the minitower and the topmost bay in the desktop
configuration.
When replacing the drive, use the existing screws. Metric screws (M3) have a
black finish while U.S. screws (#6) have a silver finish.
Ä
8–4
CAUTION: Use only 3/16-inch or 5-mm long screws as guide screws. Longer screws can
damage the internal components of the drive.
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Drives
8.1.2 Small Form Factor
Drives secured with J-slots have release levers in varying locations near the drive.
two small form factor chassis contain virtually the same components;
✎ The
however, the orientation of components is mirrored between the two chassis.
5.25-Inch Drives
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Rotate the drive cage to the upright position.
4. Disconnect the drive power cable, signal cable, and audio connector from the drive, if
applicable.
5. Pull the drive release latch away from the drive 1.
✎ Drive release latch location may vary.
6. Slide the drive toward the front of the drive cage 2, then lift the drive out of the
computer 3.
SFF, T1 shown
replacing the drive, transfer the four screws from the old drive to the new
✎ When
one. The screws take the place of drive rails.
To replace the drive, reverse the removal procedure.
Service Reference Guide
8–5
Removal and Replacement Procedures Drives
Diskette Drive
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove computer cover.
3. Remove the 5.25-inch drive.
4. Disconnect the power and data cables from the back of the drive.
5. Pull the drive release latch away from the drive 1.
6. Lift the drive from the drive cage by first pulling the drive toward the back of the cage
2, then lifting the drive up and out of the drive cage 3.
SFF, T1 shown
To install a drive, reverse the removal procedure.
replacing the drive, transfer the four guide screws from the old drive to
✎ When
the new one. The guide screws take the place of drive rails.
Ä
8–6
CAUTION: When servicing the computer, ensure the cables are placed in their proper
locations during the reassembly process. Improper cable placement can damage the
computer.
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Drives
Hard Drive
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the computer cover.
3. Disconnect the power and data cable from the back of the drive.
4. Push the drive release latch away from the drive.
5. Slide the drive toward the rear of the drive cage, then lift the drive from the computer.
SFF, T1
To install a drive, reverse the removal procedure.
8.1.3 Desktop
Removing a Drive from the Drive Bay
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the computer cover.
3. Remove the front bezel.
4. Disconnect the drive power and signal cables and, if it is a CD-ROM or DVD-ROM
drive, disconnect the audio connector.
5. If removing a hard drive, remove the power switch bracket, leaving its cable connected
to the system board, to gain access to the drive bay.
Service Reference Guide
8–7
Removal and Replacement Procedures Drives
6. Press the drivelock mechanism 1 to unlock the drive in the drive bay.
7. While pressing the drivelock 1, pull the drive out of the drive bay 2.
8. Remove the drive from the drive bay and store in anti-static packaging.
To replace a drive, reverse the above procedure.
8–8
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Drives
8.1.4 Microtower
Drive Removal
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove both access panels.
3. Remove the front bezel.
4. Disconnect the power, data, and audio cables, as necessary, from the back of the drive.
5. Remove the four screws, two from each side, that connect the drive to the drive cage.
6. Slide the drive out of the drive cage, as shown in the illustration below.
Drive Identification
1
5.25-Inch Drive
2
Hard Drive
3
Diskette Drive
To replace a drive, reverse the above procedure.
Service Reference Guide
8–9
Removal and Replacement Procedures Drives
8.1.5 Ultra-Slim Desktop
Drive Removal
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Gently pull the release lever away from the hard drive.
Ultra-Slim Desktop shown
4. Slide the drive toward the power supply, then lift the drive up and out of the computer.
5. Disconnect the flat ribbon data cable and power cable from the hard drive.
removing cables, pull the tab or connector instead of the cable itself. This
✎ When
will help prevent cable damage.
6. Lift the drive from the drive cage.
To install a drive, reverse the removal procedure.
Ä
8–10
CAUTION: When installing the hard drive data cable, do not fold it under the drive cage.
Doing so may damage the cable.
Service Reference Guide
9
Removal and Replacement Procedures
Chassis
For an overview of the different chassis discussed in this chapter, refer to Chapter 6
“Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and Disassembly Preparation.” The chassis are:
Convertible Minitower (CMT), Microtower (uT), Desktop (DT), Small Form Factor, Type 1
(SFF, T1), Small Form Factor, Type 2 (SFF, T2), and Ultra-Slim Desktop (USDT).
Ä
9.1
CAUTION: When the computer is plugged into an AC power source, voltage is always
applied to the system board. You must disconnect the power cord from the power source
before opening the computer to prevent system board or component damage.
Access Panel/Computer Cover
The cooling fan is off only when the computer is turned off or the power cable has
Ä been disconnected.
The cooling fan
“On,”
CAUTION:
is always on when the computer is in the
“Standby,” or “Suspend” modes.
Service Reference Guide
9–1
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.1.1 Access Panel Models
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Loosen the thumbscrews that secure the access panel to the back of the computer
chassis.
✎ Not all thumbscrews used are captive. Thumbscrew design may vary by model.
3. Slide the access panel backward approximately 1-inch (2.5-cm); then lift it up and off the
unit.
CMT shown
To replace the access panel, reverse the previous steps.
9–2
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.1.2 iPAQ Access Panels
Outer Access Panel
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Eject the drive from the MultiBay.
3. Press down on the tab on the top of the access panel 1. Rotate the panel away from the
computer.
4. Lift the panel from the two tabs on the bottom wing of the chassis 2 to gain full access
to the side of the computer.
To replace the access panels, align the slots on the bottom of the panel with the tabs on the
chassis 2. Snap the panel into place.
Service Reference Guide
9–3
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
Inner Access Panel
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the right access panel.
3. Remove the three screws that secure the inner access panel to the chassis.
4. Slide the inner panel towards the rear of the computer and lift it out.
To replace the inner access panel, reverse the previous steps. Angle the inner panel towards
the front of the computer and align the hook on the bottom of the inner panel with the slot on
the chassis.
9–4
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.1.3 Computer Cover Models
Removal Using Buttons
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Press in the button on each side of the front bezel to release the release cover latches.
3. As you slide the computer cover forward, release the buttons and allow them to return to
the original position, then lift the cover up and off the unit.
SFF, T1 shown
To replace the computer cover, reverse the removal procedure.
Removal Using Thumbscrews
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Loosen the two captive thumbscrews 1 that secure the cover to the computer chassis.
3. Slide the cover back about 1 inch (2.5 cm), then lift it up 2 and off the unit.
DT shown
To replace the computer cover, reverse the removal procedure.
Service Reference Guide
9–5
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.2
Front Bezel and Related Components
9.2.1 Front Bezel Removal - Tabs
Front bezels are generally connected to the chassis using tabs. However, different computers
may have different tab locations and slightly different bezel removal procedures.
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the computer cover.
3. Press the release tabs 1 to disconnect the bezel from the chassis.
4. Pull the front bezel away from the chassis 2 to remove it from the unit.
DT shown
Microtower shown
9–6
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
Ultra-Slim Desktop shown
replacing the front bezel on the DT and MT chassis, ensure that the
✎ When
bottom hinge points are properly placed in the chassis before rotating the front
bezel back into its original position.
To replace the front bezel, reverse the removal procedure.
Service Reference Guide
9–7
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.2.2 Front Bezel Removal - Screws
Front bezels may be attached to computer covers using screws; however, different computers
may have different screw locations and counts.
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the computer cover.
3. Lay the cover on its back on a protected surface.
4. Remove the screws that connect the front bezel to the computer cover.
removing the screws, the computer cover release latches will also come
✎ When
loose.
Be sure to note the orientation of the metal clips (grounding straps) that are
secured to both the bezel and the computer cover. These clips must be properly
aligned when they are reinstalled.
5. Remove the bezel from the computer cover.
SFF, T1 shown
To replace the bezel, reverse the removal procedures.
✎ When replacing the front bezel, be sure to replace the grounding straps.
9–8
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.2.3 iPAQ Front and Top Bezels
Front Bezel
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Eject the drive from the MultiBay.
3. Remove both outer access panels.
4. Remove the inner access panel.
5. Press the two tabs on the inside of the front bezel to release them 1, then rotate the bezel
to the left to release the remaining two tabs 2.
To replace the front bezel, reverse the previous steps.
Service Reference Guide
9–9
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
Top Bezel
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the right access panel.
3. Remove the inner access panel.
4. Remove the front bezel.
5. Remove the screw that secures the front of the top bezel to the chassis 1.
6. Grasp the top bezel near the front and lift it up while at the same time releasing the two
tabs at the back 2.
To replace the top bezel, reverse the previous steps.
9–10
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
Speaker Grill
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Eject the drive from the MultiBay.
3. Remove the two outer access panels.
4. Press the four tabs on each side of the speaker bezel to release them from the chassis,
then pull the speaker bezel from the chassis.
top edge of the speaker bezel nests under the front bezel and it may be
✎ The
necessary to tilt the bottom the speaker bezel up to clear the obstruction.
To replace the speaker grill, reverse the previous steps.
Service Reference Guide
9–11
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.2.4 Subpanel and Bezel Blanks—CMT
The subpanel and bezel blanks must be removed from the front bezel if you are installing a
mass storage device for the first time, or if you are converting the unit from a desktop to a
minitower configuration or from a minitower to a desktop. See Section 9.7 in this book for
more information on changing unit configuration.
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Lay the computer down on its large base for greater stability.
3. Remove the access panel.
4. Remove the front bezel.
5. Pull on the subpanel to remove it from the inside of the front bezel.
Ä
CAUTION: Hold the subpanel straight when you pull it away from the front bezel. Pulling
at an angle could damage the pins that align the subpanel within the front bezel.
6. Gently push on the bezel blanks to remove them from the subpanel.
Ä
CAUTION: When replacing the subpanel, ensure that the aligning pins and any
remaining bezel blanks are in the proper orientation to prevent damage to the alignment
pins.
✎ The subpanel has markings on it to facilitate installation.
9–12
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.2.5 CMT Front Bezel Assembly
Front Bezel
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Remove the front bezel assembly.
4. Press the four tabs on the four corners of the bezel front to release bezel front from the
bezel base.
5. Remove the bezel front from the bezel base.
To reassemble the front bezel assembly, reverse the disassembly procedure.
Service Reference Guide
9–13
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
USB Panel
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Remove the front bezel assembly.
4. Depress the three tabs that connect the USB panel to the front bezel.
5. Remove the panel from the front bezel.
To replace the USB panel, reverse the removal procedure.
9–14
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
Front Bezel USB/Audio Card—CMT and DT
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. If this is a CMT, lay the computer down on its large base for greater stability.
3. Remove the access panel (CMT) or computer cover (DT).
4. Remove the front bezel assembly.
5. Disconnect the two cables that are attached to the USB/Audio card.
6. Remove the two screws that secure the card to the chassis 1.
7. Remove the card from the chassis by first sliding it into the chassis 2 and then removing
it through the large chassis opening above the card’s mounting location.
DT shown
To replace the card, reverse the removal procedures. If necessary, replace the front bezel
insert with the appropriate insert to allow access to the new ports.
Service Reference Guide
9–15
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.3
Front Trim/Panel Plate
9.3.1 Small Form Factor, SFF, T1
The Small Form Factor has a removable front trim that is located below the front bezel. The
front trim is connected to the chassis using tabs. However, different computers may have
different tab locations and slightly different trim removal procedures.
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the computer cover.
3. Press the left tab that connects the front trim to the chassis 1.
4. Press the right tab that connects the front trim to the chassis 2.
5. Remove the front trim from the computer 3.
SFF, T1 shown
To replace the front trim, reverse the removal procedures.
9–16
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.3.2 Ultra-Slim Desktop
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the computer cover.
3. Remove the front bezel.
4. Remove two screws that secure the front panel plate to the chassis.
5. Disconnect the power switch and USB cables that are connected to the system board.
6. Remove the front panel plate from the chassis.
Ultra-Slim Desktop shown
To replace the front panel plate, reverse the removal procedure.
Service Reference Guide
9–17
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.4
Power Switches
9.4.1 Convertible Minitower
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Remove the front bezel.
4. Move/remove any components necessary to gain access to the power switch.
5. Disconnect the Power/LED cable from the system board 1.
6. Push the release tab 2 toward the drive bays, then remove the power switch assembly
from the chassis.
CMT shown
To install the new power switch, reverse the above procedure. Ensure that the orienting pins
are properly aligned with the locating holes before seating the switch assembly. The switch is
fully seated when it snaps into place.
To install a Power/LED cable, reverse the above procedure. The Power/LED connector is
keyed to ensure proper installation.
9–18
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.4.2 Desktop
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the computer cover.
3. Remove the front bezel.
4. Lift up on the power switch bracket, then pull it straight out of the chassis.
DT shown
5. Disconnect the power switch cable from the system board.
6. Remove the hard drive from the chassis before trying to replace the power switch cable
assembly.
Service Reference Guide
9–19
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
7. To remove the power switch cable, squeeze the retainers 1 on the switch to release it
from the bracket 2 and then push the two LEDs out of the bracket 3.
DT Power switch removal
To replace the power switch assembly, reverse the above procedures.
replacing the power switch, make sure that the power switch LED cable
✎ When
assembly is routed under the hard drive.
9–20
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.4.3 Microtower
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Remove the front bezel.
4. Push the power button assembly upward 1 to disengage its lower tab from the chassis.
5. Pull the power button assembly down 2 to disengage its upper tab from the chassis.
6. Remove the assembly from the chassis.
Microtower shown
To replace the power switch assembly, reverse the above procedures.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.4.4 Ultra-Slim Desktop
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Remove the front bezel.
4. Disconnect the power switch cable from the system board.
5. Remove the front panel plate with the front panel board from the chassis.
6. Remove two screws that secure the front panel board assembly to the front panel plate.
7. Remove the front panel board assembly from the front panel plate.
Ultra-Slim Desktop shown
To replace the front panel plate with front panel board assembly, reverse the procedure.
9–22
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.5
Speaker
9.5.1 Standard Speaker
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Move/remove any components necessary to gain access to the speaker.
4. Disconnect the speaker wire from the system board 1.
5. Remove the four screws that secure the speaker to the chassis.
6. Remove the speaker.
To install the speaker, reverse the removal procedure.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.5.2 Small Form Factor Speaker
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Move/remove any components necessary to gain access to the speaker.
4. Disconnect the speaker wire from the system board connector 1.
5. Use a 5/16” socket wrench to remove the two nuts, located on the inside of the speaker,
that secure the speaker to the chassis 2.
6. Remove the two screws, located on the outside of the speaker, that secure the speaker to
the chassis 3.
7. Remove the speaker 4.
To install the speaker, reverse the removal procedures.
9–24
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.5.3 iPAQ Speaker
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove both the left and right outer access panels.
3. Remove the inner access panel.
4. Remove the speaker grill.
5. Disconnect the audio cable from the system board 1.
6. Remove the four screws from the front of the chassis that secure the speaker to the
chassis.
7. Remove the speaker from the chassis.
To replace the speaker, reverse the previous steps making sure that the wire leads on the
speaker are pointing down towards the bottom of the chassis.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.5.4 Ultra-Slim Desktop Speaker
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Disconnect the speaker wire 1 from the system board.
4. Release the front and rear tabs to remove the left side panel.
5. Remove two screws 2 that secure the speaker to the chassis.
6. Remove the speaker 3.
To install the speaker, reverse the removal procedure.
9–26
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.6
iPAQ Legacy Module
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Pull the Legacy Module from the connector on the I/O panel.
To install the Legacy Module, align the Legacy Module over the connector on the I/O panel
and snap into place.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.7
Feet
Four (4) rubber feet are mounted to the chassis, as shown below. No parts have to be
removed to access the feet. The replacement feet have an adhesive surface and are shipped
with a protective backing in place. Remove the backing from the feet before installation.
If necessary, remove the old feet and remove any adhesive residue from the chassis before
attaching the replacements.
.
CMT shown
9–28
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.8
Converting a Desktop to a Minitower
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Lay the computer down on its large base for greater stability.
3. Remove the access panel.
4. Remove the front bezel.
5. Remove the drives from the 5.25-inch drive bays by pressing drivelock 1 for desktop
configuration, drivelock 2 for minitower configuration.
6. Rotate the drives 90 degrees, then reinstall them into the drive bays.
diskette drive should always be placed in bay number 3, the bay nearest the
✎ The
internal 3.5-inch drives, for proper placement within the chassis.
Minitower configuration
Ä
Desktop configuration
CAUTION: The use of unnecessary force may result in damage to the drives.
7. Reconnect the power, signal, and audio cables to the drives.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
8. Remove the subpanel and rotate it 90 degrees in a clockwise direction.
Ä
CAUTION: Hold the subpanel straight when you pull it away from the front bezel. Pulling
the subpanel away at an angle could damage the pins that align it within the front bezel.
1 = Desktop configuration; 2 = Minitower configuration
9. Replace the subpanel, front bezel, and the computer access panel.
10. Rotate the Compaq nameplate 180 degrees so that it can be easily read when looking at it
from the front of the computer.
11. Reassemble the computer.
9–30
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.9
Board Guide
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Move/remove any components necessary to gain access to the board guide.
4. Remove any full-length expansion boards.
5. Push down on the two tabs on the side of the board guide.
6. While holding the tabs down, remove the guide from the chassis.
CMT shown
To replace the board guide, reverse the above procedure.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Chassis
9.10 Desktop - Removing Chassis from Basepan
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the computer cover.
3. Remove the front bezel.
4. Remove the screw that connects the chassis to the basepan 1.
5. Slide the chassis toward its rear to disconnect it from the tabs on the basepan, then lift
the chassis off of the basepan 2.
To install the basepan, reverse the disassembly procedures.
9–32
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Confidential
10
Removal and Replacement Procedures
Expansion Cards and Memory
For an overview of the different chassis discussed in this chapter, refer to Chapter 6
“Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and Disassembly Preparation.” The chassis are:
Convertible Minitower (CMT), Microtower (uT), Desktop (DT), Small Form Factor, Type 1
(SFF, T1), Small Form Factor, Type 2 (SFF, T2), and Ultra-Slim Desktop (USDT).
CAUTION: When the computer is plugged into an AC power source, voltage is always
applied to the system board. You must disconnect the power cord from the power source
before opening the computer to prevent system board or component damage.
10.1 Memory Expansion
10.1.1 Intel 815e
The memory sockets on the Intel 815e chipset–based system board can be populated with
industry-standard DIMMs. These memory module slots are populated with at least one
preinstalled memory module. To achieve the maximum memory support, you may be
required to replace the preinstalled DIMM with a higher capacity DIMM.
For proper system operation, the DIMMs must be industry-standard 168-pin, unbuffered
PC100- or PC133- compliant SDRAM DIMMs, depending on the model. The SDRAM
DIMMs must support CAS Latency 2 or 3 (CL = 2 or CL = 3). They must also contain the
mandatory Joint Electronic Device Engineering Council (JEDEC) Serial Presence Detect
(SPD) information. DIMMs constructed with x4 SDRAM (16 ICs per side) are not
supported; the system will not start using unsupported DIMMs.
The Intel 815e chipset supports both PC100 and PC133 SDRAM DIMMs. PC133 DIMMs
should be used for optimal performance. If both PC100 and PC133 SDRAM DIMMs are
installed in a computer, the system memory will run at the lower, 100 MHz speed. Some
configurations of PC133 SDRAMs may run at 100 MHz instead of 133 MHz.
Ä
CAUTION: Memory module sockets have gold metal contacts. When upgrading the
memory, it is important to use memory modules with gold metal contacts to prevent
corrosion and/or oxidation resulting from having incompatible metals in contact with each
other.
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Review Only
Removal and Replacement Procedures Expansion Cards and Memory
10.1.2 Intel 845
Industry-Standard DIMMs
The memory sockets on the Intel 845 chipset-based system board can be populated with
industry-standard DIMMs. These memory module slots are populated with at least one
preinstalled memory module. To achieve the maximum memory support, you may be
required to replace the preinstalled DIMM with a higher capacity DIMM. For proper system
operation, the DIMMs must be industry-standard 168-pin, unbuffered PC133-compliant
SDRAM DIMMs, depending on the model. The SDRAM DIMMs must support CAS
Latency 2 or 3 (CL = 2 or CL = 3). They must also contain the mandatory Joint Electronic
Device Engineering Council (JEDEC) Serial Presence Detect (SPD) information. DIMMs
constructed with x4 SDRAM are not supported; the system will not start using unsupported
DIMMs.
Double Data Rate (DDR) SDRAM DIMMS
The memory sockets on the Intel 845 chipset-based system board can be populated with
industry-standard Unbuffered Double Data Rate (DDR) SDRAM DIMMS. These memory
module slots are populated with at least one preinstalled memory module. To achieve the
maximum memory support, you may be required to replace the preinstalled DDR DIMM
with a higher capacity DDR DIMM. For proper system operation, the DIMMs must be
industry-standard 184-pin, unbuffered PC2100compliant DDR DIMMs, depending on the
model. The DDR DIMMs must support Minimum CAS Latency 2.5 (CL = 2.5). They must
also contain the mandatory Joint Electronic Device Engineering Council (JEDEC) Serial
Presence Detect (SPD) information. DIMMs constructed with x4 SDRAM are not supported;
the system will not start using unsupported DIMMs.
Ä
10–2
CAUTION: Some models support ECC memory and some support non-ECC memory.
For those systems that do support ECC, Compaq does not support mixing ECC and
non-ECC memory. Doing so will cause the system to blink the NUMLOCK LED on the
keyboard continuously and, if a speaker is installed in the system, there will be a short
beep followed by 2 long beeps. In addition, the system will not boot the operating system.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Expansion Cards and Memory
10.1.3 DIMM Installation
1. If the computer has a locked Smart Cover Lock, use Computer Setup to unlock the lock
and disable the Smart Cover Sensor.
2. Shut down the operating system properly and turn off the computer and any external
devices; then, disconnect the power cord from the power outlet.
3. Remove the access panel and locate the memory module sockets.
Å
WARNING: To reduce risk of personal injury from hot surfaces, allow the internal system
components to cool before touching.
4. Open both latches of the memory module socket 1, and insert the memory module into
the socket 2.
Begin by installing a module into the socket nearest the preinstalled module, and install
the modules following the numerical order of the sockets.
A memory module can be installed only one way. Match the notch on the module with
the tab on the memory socket. Push the module down into the socket, ensuring that the
module is fully inserted and properly seated 3.
the computer starts up, it will recognize the system memory upgrades and
✎ When
automatically reconfigure the computer.
Do not exceed 1 GB of memory on any system using an Intel 815 series chipset.
Exceeding that limit will cause the system to halt.
Systems using an Intel 845 series chipset can support up to 3.0 GB of memory.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Expansion Cards and Memory
10.1.4 RIMM Installation
Some workstations support a total of four RIMM sockets on two Direct RDRAM channels.
A maximum of 32 Direct RDRAM devices are supported per channel.
The four RIMM sockets are numbered XMM1 and XMM2 (Channel A) and XMM3 and
XMM4 (Channel B).
Item
10–4
Description
1
RIMM socket XMM1, Channel A
2
RIMM socket XMM2, Channel A
3
RIMM socket XMM3, Channel B
4
RIMM socket XMM4, Channel B
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Expansion Cards and Memory
RIMM Installation Guidelines
Å
WARNING: To reduce the risk of personal injury when replacing or removing RIMMs,
allow the module being removed from the RIMM socket sufficient time to cool. RIMM
temperatures can reach 212°F (100°C).
Ä
CAUTION: When handling a memory module, do not touch any of the contacts. Doing so
can damage the module.
Ä
CAUTION: Static electricity can damage the electronic components of the workstation or
optional boards. Before beginning these procedures, ensure that you are discharged of
static electricity by briefly touching a grounded metal object.
workstations can support either ECC memory or non-ECC memory.
✎ Some
Compaq does not support mixing ECC and non-ECC memory in the same
system. Doing so will cause the system to blink the NUMLOCK LED on the
keyboard continuously and, if a speaker is installed in the system, there will be a
short beep followed by 2 long beeps. In addition, the system will not boot the
operating system.
When installing RIMMs, you must follow the guidelines listed below:
■
RIMMs must be installed correctly. Be sure to match the two key slots on the RIMM
with the tabs on the RIMM socket. Push the RIMM down into the RIMM socket,
ensuring that it is fully inserted and properly seated and that the retaining arms are
locked in place.
■
CRIMMs must be installed in all empty RIMM sockets. Remove the CRIMMs when you
want to populate the sockets with RIMMs. For examples of the correct configuration
sequence, see “RIMM Installation Configuration” in this chapter.
■
Install RIMMs in pairs across both memory channels. Each RIMM socket populated
with a RIMM or CRIMM on Channel A must be populated with an identical RIMM or
CRIMM on Channel B. For examples of the correct configuration sequence, see the
“RIMM Installation Configuration” section in this chapter.
■
Do not exceed 32 Direct RDRAM devices on each Direct Rambus memory channel. A
label on the RIMM will indicate the number and speed of Direct RDRAM devices on the
RIMM.
not remove or add Direct RDRAMs to a RIMM because the Direct
✎ Do
RDRAMs are soldered on and encased by another material.
■
Use only 800-MHz RIMMs (or future speeds) only. The system will not boot if slower
speed RIMMs (for example, 600 or 712-MHz) are installed.
■
Do not mix RIMMs with different memory speeds. Performance will reflect the slowest
speed RIMM.
■
Use only RIMMs that have been tested and approved by Compaq. Not all RIMMs meet
the Compaq standard for quality and reliability.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Expansion Cards and Memory
Ä
CAUTION: The workstation will not function if the previous guidelines are not followed
when installing RIMMs.
RIMM Installation Configuration
When installing RIMMs, you must use the configurations in the following table.
RIMM Installation Configuration
Memory Channel A
Memory Channel B
Possible
RIMM Socket
RIMM Socket
RIMM Socket
RIMM Socket
Configuration
XMM1
XMM2
XMM3
XMM4
1
RIMM
CRIMM
RIMM
CRIMM
2
RIMM
RIMM
RIMM
RIMM
Installing RIMMs
must be installed in all unpopulated RIMM sockets on channels being
✎ CRIMMs
used.
To install a RIMM:
1. Shut down the operating system properly, then turn off the workstation and any external
devices. Disconnect the power cord from the grounded AC outlet.
2. Remove the workstation access panel.
sure to follow the correct configuration guidelines or your system
Ä will not function.
CAUTION: Be
10–6
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Expansion Cards and Memory
3.
Refer to the following illustration to install a RIMM module.
Installing a RIMM and CRIMM
4. Reassemble the workstation.
Removing RIMMs
To remove a memory module from a RIMM socket, reverse the procedures in the previous
section.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Expansion Cards and Memory
10.2 Expansion Card Cage
two small form factor chassis contain virtually the same components;
✎ The
however, the orientation of components is mirrored between the two chassis.
✎ The number of expansion card slots may vary.
10.2.1 Removing an Expansion Card Cage
Expansion card cage location and removal procedures may vary.
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the computer cover.
3. Pull the expansion card cage straight up to remove it from the chassis.
SFF, T1 shown
To replace the expansion card cage, reverse the removal procedures.
expansion card cage connects to the power supply ensure that the tab on
✎ Ifthethebrace
latches into the slot on the side of the power supply when reinstalling
the expansion card cage.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Expansion Cards and Memory
10.2.2 Riser Board
Riser board removal procedures may vary slightly.
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the computer cover.
3. Remove the expansion card cage.
4. Remove any expansion cards.
5. Disconnect any cables from the riser board.
6. Remove the screws that secure the riser board to the expansion card cage 1.
7. Slide the board down slightly so it clears the guide slots on the top of the expansion
card cage 2.
8. Remove the riser board from the expansion card cage 3.
SFF, T1 shown
To replace the riser board, reverse the removal procedures.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Expansion Cards and Memory
10.3 Expansion Cards—Standard Sockets
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
If installing an expansion card, skip to step 8.
3. To remove an expansion card, disconnect any cables attached to the expansion card.
4. Remove the screw at the top of the expansion slot.
5. Hold the card at each end and carefully rock it back and forth until the connectors pull
free from the socket. Be sure not to scrape the card against other components.
6. Store the card in anti-static packaging.
7. Install an expansion slot cover or new expansion card to close the open slot.
If installing an expansion card, skip to step 9.
If not installing a new expansion card, skip to step 10.
8. Remove the expansion slot cover.
9. Slide the expansion card into the expansion socket and press it firmly into place.
installing an expansion card, make sure you press firmly on the card so
✎ When
that the entire connector seats properly in the expansion card socket.
10. Replace the screw at the top of the expansion slot.
11. Replace the access panel.
12. Connect external cables to the installed card, if needed.
13. Reconfigure the computer, if necessary.
10–10
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Expansion Cards and Memory
10.4 Graphics Sockets with Retention Mechanisms
The AGP expansion socket may come with a retention mechanism installed around it to hold
the graphics cards securely in place. There are two different types of retention mechanisms
that may be installed around the AGP expansion socket.
10.4.1 Graphics Performance Accelerator (GPA)/AGP Inline Memory
Module (AIMM) Card with a Type 1 Retention Mechanism
Removing a GPA/AIMM Card
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Pull the arm on the right side of the retention mechanism 1.
4. At the same time, rotate the front of the GPA/AIMM card up until it is at a 45 degree
angle 2.
5. Remove the card from the expansion socket 3.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Expansion Cards and Memory
Installing a GPA/AIMM Card
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Insert the hook 1 on the left side of the GPA/AIMM card under the loop 2 on the left
side of the retention mechanism.
4. Rotate the right side of the card down until it is at a 45 degree angle 3.
5. With the GPA/AIMM card at a 45 degree angle, slide the card back towards the back of
the expansion socket 4 until the fingers on the bottom of the card line up properly with
the connectors in the expansion socket.
Ä
CAUTION: The fingers on the bottom of the GPA/AIMM card must be properly aligned
with the expansion slot during installation. Misalignment may result in damage to the card
or the AGP connector.
6. While pulling the arm on the right side of the retention mechanism 5, rotate the card
down into the expansion socket until seated 6.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Expansion Cards and Memory
10.4.2 AGP Card with a Type 1 Retention Mechanism
Removing an AGP Card
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Remove the screw at the top of the expansion slot.
4. Pull the arm on the right side of the retention mechanism.
5. Pull the card straight up to remove it from the expansion socket.
To install the graphics card, reverse the above procedures.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Expansion Cards and Memory
10.4.3 GPA/AIMM Card with a Type 2 Retention Mechanism
Removing a GPA/AIMM Card
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Pull the arm on the right side of the retention mechanism.
4. Pull the card straight up to remove it from the expansion socket.
To install the graphics card, reverse the above procedures.
10–14
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Expansion Cards and Memory
10.4.4 AGP Card with a Type 2 Retention Mechanism
Removing an AGP Card
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Remove the screw at the top of the expansion slot.
4. Pull the arm on the right side of the retention mechanism.
5. Pull the card straight up to remove it from the expansion socket.
To install the graphics card, reverse the above procedures.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Expansion Cards and Memory
10.4.5 AGP Card with Type 1 or Type 2 Retention Mechanism
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Remove the screw at the top of the expansion slot.
4. Remove the AGP graphics card as you would any PCI expansion card.
To install the graphics card, reverse the above procedures.
10–16
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Expansion Cards and Memory
10.4.6 iPAQ Graphics Memory Cache
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the right access panel.
3. Remove the inner access panel.
4. Pull straight up on the cache module to disengage it from the socket on the system board.
To install the cache module, reverse the above procedures. The cache module has a large pin
on one corner that ensures proper orientation.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures Expansion Cards and Memory
10–18
Service Reference Guide
11
Removal and Replacement Procedures
System Board with Major Components
For an overview of the different chassis discussed in this chapter, refer to Chapter 6
“Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and Disassembly Preparation.” The chassis are:
Convertible Minitower (CMT), Microtower (uT), Desktop (DT), Small Form Factor, Type 1
(SFF, T1), Small Form Factor, Type 2 (SFF, T2), and Ultra-Slim Desktop (USDT).
Ä
CAUTION: When the computer is plugged into an AC power source, voltage is always
applied to the system board. You must disconnect the power cord from the power source
before opening the computer to prevent system board or component damage.
11.1 Heatsink and Processor
11.1.1 Separating the Heatsink/Processor Assembly
1. Turn off the computer, remove the computer cover or access panel, and rotate the
computer if necessary to ensure that the system board is parallel to the work table.
2. Allow the computer to cool down before unlatching the heatsink retaining clip(s), then
unplug the system fan and the heatsink fan (if applicable) from the system board. See
Section 11.1.2 in this chapter.
3. Test the bond of the heatsink to the processor, if the heatsink is loose enough to be gently
twisted, it is safe to remove it from the processor at this time. Continue with step 8.
If the heatsink is not loose, then it will need to be warmed up first in order to remove it.
Continue with step 4 to warm up the heatsink.
Ä
CAUTION: Always twist when trying to remove a heatsink, never pull the heatsink straight out.
4. Turn on the computer and press the F10 key when prompted to enter the Computer Setup
utility.
not allow Windows to load as the processor may not heat up enough once the
✎ Do
operating system has loaded.
5. It takes about 4-8 minutes for the primary processor and 8-12 minutes for the secondary
processor to heat up enough to loosen the thermal interface bond between the heatsink
and the processor.
Ä
CAUTION: Do not remove the heatsink from the processor while the computer is turned on.
6. Exit the Setup utility and turn off the computer before the operating system loads.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures System Board with Major Components
7. Tap the heatsink with your fingers to see if it is cool enough to touch. Remove the
heatsink by gently twisting it only when it is safe to handle.
Ä
CAUTION: Always twist when trying to remove a heatsink, never pull the heatsink straight out.
8. Lift the handle on the ZIF socket to remove the processor. See section 11.1.2 in this
chapter.
11.1.2 Sample Heatsink/Processor Assemblies
The heatsink on your computer may vary from those shown here depending on the model.
Type 1
Type 2
11–2
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Removal and Replacement Procedures System Board with Major Components
Type 3
Type 4
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Removal and Replacement Procedures System Board with Major Components
Type 5
Type 6
11–4
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Removal and Replacement Procedures System Board with Major Components
Type 7
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Removal and Replacement Procedures System Board with Major Components
11.1.3 Installing the Heatsink/Processor Assembly
1. Install the processor, making sure to hold it down while latching it securely in the ZIF
socket. Ensure that the processor is flush to the top of the socket (fully seated). See
section 11.1.2 in this chapter.
Ä
CAUTION: If only one processor is installed, and you are replacing that processor, be
sure to install the processor in the primary processor socket or your workstation will not
function.
2. Clean the thermal pad residue from the top of the processor using the alcohol pad
included with the new heatsink, processor, or system board. Wait until the solvent has
evaporated before final assembly.
If a new thermal pad is included with the new heatsink, processor, or system board, continue
with step 3.
If there is no thermal pad in the kit, continue with step 4.
Ä
CAUTION: The processor should be installed on the system board prior to cleaning to prevent
damaging its pins.
3. If reusing the heatsink, the old thermal pad must be removed and any residue cleaned
from the heatsink’s mounting surface using an alcohol pad. After the alcohol has
evaporated, attach the new thermal pad to the bottom of the heatsink in the same location
as the old pad.
Continue with step 5.
Ä
CAUTION: Not using a new thermal pad or thermal interface material could result in the system
overheating and could cause a computer failure.
4. If installing a new heatsink that uses thermal paste instead of a thermal pad you must
first remove the green protective cap before installing the heatsink onto the processor.
5. Secure the heatsink in place and plug the system fan and the heatsink fan into the system
board (if applicable). See section 11.1.2 in this chapter.
6. Reinstall the computer cover or access panel, and start the computer.
computer cannot be powered on to heat the processor, either use a heat gun
✎ Iforthefreeze
spray to loosen the heatsink or twist the heatsink slightly to break the
bond before lifting the heatsink from the processor.
Ä
CAUTION: Allow the alcohol on the heatsink to dry completely before installation.
11.1.4 Multiprocessor Information
Some workstations have multiprocessor capability. When you install a second processor, it
must be the same speed, cache size, and type as the existing processor.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures System Board with Major Components
Ä
CAUTION: A primary processor must be installed in the primary processor slot when
installing a second processor or the workstation will not function.
Multiprocessor systems require the installation of a Voltage Regulator Module (VRM) for
each processor installed.
Ä
CAUTION: You must install a Compaq approved VRM board when installing a second
processor. Using a VRM board that is incompatible with the primary VRM board may
severely or permanently damage the system board.
Hardware Abstraction Layer
To update Windows NT 4.0 or Windows 2000 to recognize a second processor using the
Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL), complete the following steps:
1. Start Windows.
2. Insert the upgrade diskette. Then select Start > Run.
3. Type
A:\setup.exe
and select OK.
4. Select Uniprocessor HAL and Kernel.
5. Select Upgrade and insert the media used to upgrade the operating system to a new
Service Pack if requested; then click Retry.
6. If prompted, insert the operating system CD and click OK.
7. After the installation is complete, close the setup program and restart the computer.
manual Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL) upgrade is necessary when
✎ Ainstalling
a second processor after the system has gone through the software
bundling process. If a second processor is installed prior to unbundling, a
manual upgrade is not necessary.
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Removal and Replacement Procedures System Board with Major Components
11.2 System Board
The illustrations below provide examples of typical system board screw locations. Screw
locations vary based on the computer model.
processor must be removed from the system board refer to Section 11.1.1
✎ Ifin the
this chapter for complete instructions.
CAUTION: Check the position of all cables and wires before raising or lowering the drive
cage to prevent cable damage.
11.2.1 System Board Secured with Screws
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Remove all expansion boards.
4. Remove all graphics cards.
5. Disconnect all cables connected to the system board, noting their location for
reinstallation.
6. Remove/move the baffle, as necessary.
7. Remove the screws connecting the system board to the chassis.
system boards may be secured with screws located in the heatsink
✎ Some
mounting brackets. In this case, the heatsink must be removed to access the
screws. These screws will be longer than others used to secure the system board.
11–8
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures System Board with Major Components
8. Slide the system board toward the front of the chassis until the external connectors are
clear of the I/O panel.
9. Lift the system board out of the computer.
Standard screw locations
System board with screws in heatsink brackets (DT shown)
Screws marker 2 are longer than the rest of the system board retaining screws.
✎ Ensure
that they are installed in the proper location to prevent system board
damage.
To install a system board, reverse the removal procedure.
Service Reference Guide
11–9
Removal and Replacement Procedures System Board with Major Components
11.2.2 System Board Removal—Small Form Factor
The two small form factor chassis contain similar components; however, the
✎ orientation
of components is mirrored between the two chassis.
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the computer cover.
3. Remove the expansion card cage.
4. Rotate the power supply to the upright position.
5. Rotate the drive cage to the upright position.
6. Remove the AGP expansion card (SFF, T2 only).
7. Remove the heatsink (SFF, T2 only).
8. Disconnect all cables from the system board 1.
9. Press the green release tab on the end of the I/O panel 2.
10. Swing the I/O panel away from the computer 3 until it is at a 90 degree angle.
11. Remove the I/O panel from the chassis 4.
11–10
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures System Board with Major Components
12. Slide the system board toward the rear of computer until the metal standoffs that extend
up from the base pan are positioned in the larger part of the keyhole slots in the system
board 1.
13. Raise the rear of the system board until it is at a 30 degree angle 2; then, remove the
system board by pulling it toward the rear of the computer, then lifting it up and out of
the chassis 3.
To replace the system board, reverse the removal procedures.
✎ Install the CD audio cable before reinstalling the system board.
Service Reference Guide
11–11
Removal and Replacement Procedures System Board with Major Components
11.2.3 Ultra-Slim Desktop System Board Removal
1. Eject the drive from the MultiBay if necessary.
2. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
3. Remove the access panel.
4. Remove the front bezel.
5. Remove the front panel plate.
6. Remove the screw 1 that attaches the drive cage to the system board.
7. Remove the drive cage 2.
8. Remove the screw 3 securing the system board to the chassis.
.
✎ Place a protective pad beneath the computer to protect it.
9. Disconnect any cables that are attached to the system board, noting their location for
reinstallation.
10. Remove the memory module to prevent it from hitting the chassis when the system
board is being slid out of the unit.
11. Slide the system board 4 toward the front of the chassis until the external connectors are
clear of the I/O panel.
12. Lift the system board out of the computer.
To install the system board, reverse the procedure.
11–12
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures System Board with Major Components
11.2.4 iPAQ System Board Removal
1. Eject the drive from the MultiBay if necessary.
2. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
3. Remove both outer access panels.
4. Remove the MultiBay board.
5. Remove the hard drive.
6. Remove the right inner access panel.
7. Remove the I/O panel by pushing it out of the chassis from the inside.
8. Lay the computer down on its side for greater stability.
✎ Place a protective pad beneath the computer to protect it.
9. Disconnect any cables that are attached to the system board, noting their location for
reinstallation.
Service Reference Guide
11–13
Removal and Replacement Procedures System Board with Major Components
10. Remove the four retaining screws that secure the system board to the chassis.
11. Slide the board about 0.5 inches toward the rear of the chassis, then lift it up and out of
the chassis.
12. To install a system board, angle the system board toward the I/O panel opening, then set
the board on the chassis.
13. Install the retaining screws to secure the system board to the chassis.
14. Install the I/O panel. The panel is set correctly when you hear it click into place.
15. Complete the installation process by reversing steps 3 through 6 above.
11–14
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures System Board with Major Components
11.3 iPAQ MultiBay Board
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Eject the drive from the MultiBay if necessary.
3. Remove the left access panel.
4. Remove the two screws securing the MultiBay board to the housing.
5. Remove the board by pulling it straight out of the system board.
✎ The MultiBay board is keyed for proper orientation.
To install the MultiBay board, reverse the above procedure.
Service Reference Guide
11–15
Removal and Replacement Procedures System Board with Major Components
11.4 Battery
The battery that comes with your computer provides power to the real-time clock and has a
minimum lifetime of about three years. When replacing the battery, use a battery equivalent
to the battery originally installed on the computer. The computer comes with a 3-volt lithium
coin cell battery.
lifetime of the lithium battery can be extended by plugging the computer
✎ The
into a live AC wall socket. The lithium battery is only used when the computer
is NOT connected to AC power.
Å
WARNING: This computer contains an internal lithium manganese dioxide battery. There
is a risk of fire and burns if the battery is not handled properly. To reduce the risk of
personal injury:
■ Do not attempt to recharge the battery.
■ Do not expose to temperatures higher than 140°F (60°C)
■ Do not disassemble, crush, puncture, short external contacts, or dispose of in fire or
water.
■ Replace the battery only with the Compaq spare designated for this product.
Ä
CAUTION: Before replacing the battery, it is important to back up the computer CMOS
settings. When the battery is removed or replaced, the CMOS settings will be cleared.
Refer to the Troubleshooting Guide for information on backing up the CMOS settings.
N
Ä
Batteries, battery packs, and accumulators should not be disposed of together with the general
household waste. In order to forward them to recycling or proper disposal, please use the public
collection system or return them to Compaq, their authorized partners, or their agents.
CAUTION: Static electricity can damage the electronic components of the computer or
optional equipment. Before beginning these procedures, ensure that you are discharged
of static electricity by briefly touching a grounded metal object.
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
✎ It may be necessary to remove an expansion card to gain access to the battery.
2. Locate the battery and battery holder on the system board.
3. Depending on the type of battery holder on your system board, complete the following
instructions to replace the battery.
11–16
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures System Board with Major Components
11.4.1 Type 1 Battery Holder
1. Lift the battery out of its holder.
2. Slide the replacement battery into position, positive side up.
The battery holder automatically secures the battery in the proper position.
3. Replace the computer cover or access panel.
4. Plug in the computer and turn on power to the computer.
5. Reset the date and time, your passwords, and any special system setups, using Compaq
Computer Setup. Refer to the Computer Setup Guide.
11.4.2 Type 2 Battery Holder
1. To release the battery from its holder, squeeze the metal clamp that extends above one
edge of the battery.
2. When the battery pops up, lift it out.
Service Reference Guide
11–17
Removal and Replacement Procedures System Board with Major Components
3. To insert the new battery, slide one edge of the replacement battery under the holder’s lip
with the positive side up. Push the other edge down until the clamp snaps over the other
edge of the battery.
the battery has been replaced, use the following steps to complete this
✎ After
procedure.
4. Replace the computer cover or access panel.
5. Plug in the computer and turn on power to the computer.
6. Reset the date and time, your passwords, and any special system setups, using Compaq
Computer Setup. Refer to the Computer Setup Guide.
11–18
Service Reference Guide
12
Removal and Replacement Procedures
Main Power and Cooling
For an overview of the different chassis discussed in this chapter, refer to Chapter 6
“Identifying the Chassis, Routine Care, and Disassembly Preparation.” The chassis are:
Convertible Minitower (CMT), Microtower (uT), Desktop (DT), Small Form Factor, Type 1
(SFF, T1), Small Form Factor, Type 2 (SFF, T2), and Ultra-Slim Desktop (USDT).
CAUTION: When the computer is plugged into an AC power source, voltage is always
applied to the system board. You must disconnect the power cord from the power source
before opening the computer to prevent system board or component damage.
Service Reference Guide
12–1
Removal and Replacement Procedures Main Power and Cooling
12.1 Power Supply
12.1.1 Type 1
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Disconnect all power cables from the mass storage devices and from the system board.
4. Remove the screws that connect the bracket to the chassis 1 and remove the bracket (if
present).
5. Remove the screws that connect the power supply to the chassis 2.
6. Slide the power supply toward the front of the computer until it clears the notches in the
base pan, then lift it out of the computer.
Microtower shown
To install the power supply, reverse the removal procedure.
12–2
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Main Power and Cooling
12.1.2 Type 2
two small form factor chassis contain virtually the same components;
✎ The
however, the orientation of components is mirrored between the two chassis.
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the computer cover.
3. Remove the expansion card cage.
4. Disconnect all power cables from the mass storage devices and from the system board.
5. Remove the screw that secures the power supply to the back of the chassis 1.
6. Slide the back of the power supply toward the right 2, then lift the power supply out of
the computer 3.
SFF, T1 shown
To replace the power supply, reverse the removal procedures.
Service Reference Guide
12–3
Removal and Replacement Procedures Main Power and Cooling
12.2 Chassis Fan
The location of the chassis fan and the fan’s power cable connector on the system board may
vary.
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. Disconnect the fan power cable from the system board 1.
the Small Form Factor, the hard drive must be removed, the drive cage
✎ For
rotated to the upright position, and the front trim removed in order to remove the
fan.
4. Remove the screws that secure the fan to the chassis 2.
5. Lift the fan out of the chassis 3.
DT shown
To replace the chassis fan, reverse the above procedure. When installing the fan, ensure that
the blows air out of the computer.
12–4
Service Reference Guide
Removal and Replacement Procedures Main Power and Cooling
12.3 Air Baffles
Computers are sometimes equipped with internal air baffles that redirect air flow in order to
help regulate internal temperature. This section contains examples of the types of baffles
currently being used. The baffle in your computer may vary from the examples shown.
Ä
CAUTION: Always reinstall an air baffle after it has been removed. Failure to do so may
cause the computer to overheat and could result in loss of data or damage to the
computer.
12.3.1 Type 1 Baffle
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the computer cover.
3. Slide the baffle up to disengage the retaining tab from its slot in the back of the chassis.
4. Pull the baffle towards the front of the computer to remove it from the chassis.
To replace the air baffle, reverse the above procedure.
Service Reference Guide
12–5
Removal and Replacement Procedures Main Power and Cooling
12.3.2 Type 2 Baffle
1. Prepare the computer for disassembly.
2. Remove the access panel.
3. The air baffle connects to the heatsink with an adhesive. To remove the baffle, simply
pull until the bond between the baffle and the heatsink is broken.
SFF, T2 shown
To reinstall the air baffle, reverse the above procedure.
12–6
Service Reference Guide
A
Connector Pin Assignments
This appendix contains the pin assignments for many computer and workstation connectors.
Some of these connectors may not be used on the product being serviced.
Enhanced Keyboard
Connector and Icon
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
Data
Unused
Ground
4
5
6
+5 VDC
Clock
Unused
Mouse
Connector and Icon
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
Data
Unused
Ground
4
5
6
+5 VDC
Clock
Unused
Ethernet BNC
Connector and Icon
Service Reference Guide
Pin
Signal
1 (Inside)
Data
2 (Outside)
Ground
A–1
Connector Pin Assignments
Ethernet RJ-45
Connector and Icon
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
4
(+) Transmit Data
(-) Transmit Data
(+) Receive Data
Unused
5
6
7
8
Unused
(-) Receive Data
Unused
Unused
Ethernet AUI
Connector and Icon
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
4
Ground
Negative AUI Differential Collision
Positive AUI Differential Collision
Negative AUI DifferentialTransmit
9
10
11
12
Positive AUI Differential Receive
+12V
Ground
Ground
5
6
7
8
Positive AUI DifferentialTransmit
Ground
Ground
Negative AUI Differential Receive
13
14
15
16
Unused
Unused
Unused
Unused
A–2
Service Reference Guide
Connector Pin Assignments
Parallel Interface
Connector and Icon
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
Strobe
Data Bit 0
Data Bit 1
7
8
9
Data Bit 5
Data Bit 6
Data Bit 7
13
14
15
Select
Auto Linefeed
Error
4
5
6
Data Bit 2
Data Bit 3
Data Bit 4
10
11
12
Acknowledge
Busy
Paper End
16
17
18-25
Initialize Printer
Select IN
Signal Ground
Serial Interface
Connector and Icon
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
Carrier Detect
Receive Data
Transmit Data
4
5
6
Data Terminal Ready
Signal Ground
Data Set Ready
7
8
9
Request to Send
Clear to Send
Ring Indicator
USB
Connector and Icon
Pin
1
2
3
4
Service Reference Guide
Signal
VCC
- Data
+ Data
Ground
A–3
Connector Pin Assignments
Microphone
Connector and Icon (1/8” miniphone)
1 2 3
Pin
Signal
1 (Tip)
Audio
2 (Ring)
Power
3 (Shield)
Ground
Headphone
Connector and Icon (1/8” miniphone)
1 2 3
Pin
Signal
1 (Tip)
Audio_Left
2 (Ring)
Audio_Right
3 (Shield)
Ground
Line-In Audio
Connector and Icon (1/8” miniphone)
1 2 3
Pin
Signal
1 (Tip)
Audio_In_Left
2 (Ring)
Audio_In_Right
3 (Shield)
Ground
Line-Out Audio
Connector and Icon (1/8” miniphone)
1 2 3
A–4
Pin
Signal
1 (Tip)
Audio_Out_Left
2 (Ring)
Audio_Out_Right
3 (Shield)
Ground
Service Reference Guide
Connector Pin Assignments
SCSI Low Voltage Differential/Single Ended (LVD/SE)
Connector and Icon
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1-16
17-18
19
Ground
TERMPWR
Reserved
40
41
42
-D0
-D1
-D1
49-50
51-52
53
Ground
TERMPW
Reserved
60
61
62
-MSG
-SEL
-C/D
20-34
35
36
Ground
-D12
-D13
43
44
45
-D3
-D4
-D5
54
55
56
Ground
-ATN
Ground
63
64
65
-REQ
-I/O
-D
37
38
39
-D14
-D15
-DP1
46
47
48
-D6
-D7
-DP0
57
58
59
-BSY
-ACK
-RST
66
67
68
-D
-D
-D
Ultra SCSI
Connector and Icon
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1-11
12
13
14
Ground
Reserved
Open
Reserved
29
30
31
32
DB3
DB4
DB5
DB6
37
38
39
40
Reserved
TERMPWR
Reserved
Ground
45
46
47
48
RST #
MSG #
SEL #
C/D
15-25
26
27
28
Ground
DB0
DB1
DB2
33
34
35
36
DB7
DBP
Ground
Ground
41
42
43
44
ATN #
Ground
BSY #
ACK #
49
50
REQ #
Input/Output
External Infrared Transceiver
Connector and Icon
Pin
1
2
3
Signal
Transmit
Receive
Ground
Service Reference Guide
Pin
4
5
6
Signal
5V
Mode
Not Used
Pin
7
8
Signal
Not Used
Not Used
A–5
Connector Pin Assignments
Monitor
Connector and Icon
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
Red Analog
Green Analog
Blue Analog
6
7
8
Ground
Ground
Ground
11
12
13
Monitor ID
DDC Serial Data
Horizontal Sync
4
5
Monitor ID
Ground
9
10
+5V DC
Ground
14
15
Vertical Sync
DDC Serial Clock
ATA/ATAPI (IDE) Standard Drive Cable
Connector
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
4
5
Reset
Ground
DD7
DD8
DD6
15
16
17
18
19
DD1
DD14
DD0
DD15
Ground
29
30
31
32
33
DMAK
Ground
INTRQ
IOCS16
DA1
6
7
8
9
10
DD9
DD5
DD10
DD4
DD11
20
21
22
23
24
(Key)
DMARQ
Ground
DIOW
Ground
34
35
36
37
38
PDIAG (cable detect)
DA0
DA2
CS1FX
CS3FX
11
12
13
14
DD3
DD12
DD2
DD13
25
26
27
28
DIOR
Ground
IORDY
CSEL
39
40
DASP
Ground
A–6
Service Reference Guide
Connector Pin Assignments
MultiBay CD-ROM Adapter
Connector
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
D15
GROUND
(key)
DRQ
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
GROUND
35
36
37
38
39
A0
A2
CS1FX
CS3FX
DASP
52
53
54
55
56
FP05
FP06
FP07
FP08
FP09
23
24
25
26
27
IOW
GROUND
IOR
GROUND
IOCHDRY
40
41
42
43
44
GROUND
+5VMLOG
-5VMOT
GROUND
AUDIO_L
57
58
59
60
61
FP10
FP11
FP12
FP13
FP14
D03
D12
D02
D13
D01
28
29
30
31
32
CABLE SELECT
DAK
GROUND
IRQ
IO16
45
46
47
48
49
A_GROUND_R
A_GROUND_I
audio_r
FP01
FP02
62
63
64
65
66
FP15
FP16
FP17
FP18
FP19
D14
D00
33
34
A1
PDIAG
50
51
FP03
FP04
67
68
FP20
FP21
1
2
3
4
5
RESDRV_
GROUND
D07
D08
D06
18
19
20
21
22
6
7
8
9
10
D09
D05
D10
D04
D11
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Service Reference Guide
A–7
Connector Pin Assignments
Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP)
Connector
Pin
Signal A
Signal B
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
+12 V
TYPEDET#
Reserved
USBGround
OVRCNT#
+ 5V
+ 5V
USB+
Ground
34
35
36
37
38
Vddq
AD22
AD20
Ground
AD18
Vddq
AD21
AD19
Ground
AD17
6
7
8
9
10
INTA#
RST#
GNT#
VCC3.3
ST1
INTB#
CLK
REQ#
VCC3.3
ST0
39
40
41
42
43
AD16
Vddq
FRAME#
Reserved
Ground
C/BE2#
Vddq
IRDY#
3.3VAux
Ground
11
12
13
14
15
Reserved
PIPE#
Ground
WBF#
SBA1
ST2
RBF#
Ground
Reserved
SBA0
44
45
46
47
48
Reserved
VCC 3.3
TRDY#
STOP#
PME#
Reserved
VCC 3.3
DEVSEL#
Vddq
PERR#
16
17
18
19
20
VCC 3.3
SBA3
SB_STB#
Ground
SBA5
VCC 3.3
SBA2
SB_STB
Ground
SBA4
49
50
51
52
53
Ground
PAR
AD15
Vddq
AD13
Ground
SERR#
C/BE1#
Vddq
AD14
21
22
23
24
25
SBA7
Reserved
Ground
Reserved
VCC 3.3
SBA6
Reserved
Ground
3.3 Vaux
VCC 3.3
54
55
56
57
58
AD11
Ground
AD9
C/BE0#
Vddq
AD12
Ground
AD10
AD8
Vddq
26
27
28
29
30
AD30
AD28
VCC 3.3
AD26
AD24
AD31
AD29
VCC 3.3
AD27
AD25
59
60
61
62
63
AD_STB0#
AD6
Ground
AD4
AD2
AD_STB0
AD7
Ground
AD5
31
32
33
Ground
AD_STB1#
C/BE3#
Ground
AD_STB1
AD23
64
65
66
Vddq
AD0
VREFGC
Vddq
AD1
VREFCG
A–8
Signal A
Signal B
AD3
Service Reference Guide
Connector Pin Assignments
Slimline IDE CD-ROM Connector for SFF chassis using 810 and 810e Chipsets
Connector
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
4
5
RESDRV_
D06
D04
D02
D00
14
15
16
17
18
GROUND
D09
D11
D13
D15
27
28
29
30
31
D07
D05
D03
D01
Ground
40
41
42
43
44
D08
D10
D12
D14
(KEY)
6
7
8
9
10
DREQ
IOR
DAK
A1
CS1FX
19
20
21
22
23
Ground
Ground
Ground
PDIAG
CS3FX
32
33
34
35
36
IOW
OCHRDY
IRQ
A0
DASP
45
46
47
48
49
Ground
CABLE SELECT
IO16
A2
Ground
11
12
13
AUDIO_R
+5VMOT1
+5VMLOG1
24
25
26
AUDIO_L
+5VMOT2
+5VMLOG2
37
38
39
A_GND_R
+5VMOT3
DASP
49
50
A_GND_L
+5VMOT4
14-Pin Power
Connector for BX Chipset
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal
+3.3 V
+3.3 V Sense
RTN
+5 V
Service Reference Guide
1
13
2
14
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
5
6
7
8
RTN
+5 V
RTN
+3.3 V
9
10
11
12
-12 v
Fan OFF
ON/STBY
+5 V Aux
13
14
+3.3 V Sense return
+12 V
A–9
Connector Pin Assignments
14-Pin Power
Connector for 810, 810e, 820, and 845 Chipsets
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal
+3.3 V
+3.3 V Aux
RTN
+5 V
Pin
5
6
7
8
1
13
2
14
Signal
RTN
+5 V
RTN
+3.3 V
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
9
10
11
12
-12 v
Fan OFF
ON/STBY
+5 V Aux
13
14
Fan speed
+12 V
20-Pin Power - Deskpro EP
Connector
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
A–10
Signal
+3.3 V
+3.3 V
RTN
+5 V
RTN
1
19
2
20
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
6
7
8
9
10
+5 V
RTN
Fan OFF
+5 V Aux
+12 V
11
12
13
14
15
+3.3 V
-12 V
RTN
ON/STBY
RTN
16
17
18
19
20
RTN
RTN
-5 V
+5 V
+5 V
Service Reference Guide
Connector Pin Assignments
20-Pin Power - Deskpro EN
Connector
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
Signal
3V
3 V/RS
RTN
+5 V
RTN
1
19
2
20
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
6
7
8
9
10
+5 V
Aux RTN
Fan OFF
+5 V Aux
+12 V
11
12
13
14
15
+3 V
-12 V
RTN
ON/STBY
RTN
16
17
18
19
20
RTN/RS
RTN
-5 V
+5 V
+5 V
24-Pin Power - Power
Connector
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
Signal
+3.3 V
+3.3 V
RTN
+5 V
RTN
+5 V
1
19
2
20
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
7
8
9
10
11
12
Aux RTN
Fan OFF
+5 V Aux
+12 V
3.3 V Aux
Fan CMD
13
14
15
16
17
18
+3.3 V
-12 V
RTN
ON/STBY
RTN
RTN/(R/S)
19
20
21
22
23
24
RTN
-5 V
+5 V
+5 V
3.3 V R/S
Fan Sink
4-Pin Power
Connector and Icon
Service Reference Guide
Pin
Signal
1
RTN
2
RTN
3
12.8 Vcpu
4
12.8 Vcpu
A–11
Connector Pin Assignments
A–12
Service Reference Guide
B
Power Cord Set Requirements
The voltage select switch feature on the computer permits it to operate from any line voltage
between 100-120 or 220-240 volts AC.
The power cord set received with the computer meets the requirements for use in the country
where you purchased the equipment.
Power cord sets for use in other countries must meet the requirements of the country where
you use the computer. For more information on power cord set requirements, contact your
authorized Compaq dealer, reseller, or service provider.
General Requirements
The requirements listed below are applicable to all countries:
1. The length of the power cord set must be at least 6.00 feet (1.8 m) and a maximum of
9.75 feet (3.0 m).
2. All power cord sets must be approved by an acceptable accredited agency responsible for
evaluation in the country where the power cord set will be used.
3. The power cord set must have a minimum current capacity of 10A and a nominal voltage
rating of 125 or 250 volts AC, as required by each country’s power system.
4. The appliance coupler must meet the mechanical configuration of an EN 60 320/IEC 320
Standard Sheet C13 connector, for mating with appliance inlet on the Switch Box.
Service Reference Guide
B–1
Power Cord Set Requirements
Country-Specific Requirements
Additional requirements specific to a country are shown in parentheses and explained below.
Country
Accrediting
Agency
Accrediting
Agency
Country
Australia (1)
Austria (1)
Belgium (1)
Canada (2)
EANSW
OVE
CEBC
CSA
Italy (1)
Japan (3)
Norway (1)
Sweden (1)
IMQ
METI
NEMKO
SEMKO
Denmark (1)
Finland (1)
France (1)
Germany (1)
DEMKO
SETI
UTE
VDE
Switzerland (1)
United Kingdom (1)
United States (2)
SEV
BSI
UL
1. The flexible cord must be <HAR> Type HO5VV-F, 3-conductor, 1.0 mm2 conductor
size. Power cord set fittings (appliance coupler and wall plug) must bear the
certification mark of the agency responsible for evaluation in the country where it will
be used.
2. The flexible cord must be Type SJT or equivalent, No. 18 AWG, 3-conductor. The wall
plug must be a two-pole grounding type with a NEMA 5-15P (15A, 125V) or NEMA
6-15P (15A 250V) configuration.
3. Appliance coupler, flexible cord, and wall plug must bear a "T" mark and registration
number in accordance with the Japanese Dentori Law. Flexible cord must be Type VCT
or VCTF, 3-conductor, 1.0 mm2 conductor size. Wall plug must be a two-pole
grounding type with a Japanese Industrial Standard C8303 (7A, 125V) configuration.
B–2
Service Reference Guide
C
POST Error Messages
An error message results if the Power-On Self-Test (POST) encounters a problem. This test
runs when the system is turned on, checking assemblies within the computer and reporting
any errors found.
POST Error Messages
Screen Message
Beeps*
101-Option ROM Error
1L, 1S
Probable Cause
System ROM
checksum.
Recommended Action
1. Verify the correct ROM.
2. Flash the ROM if needed.
3. If an expansion card was
recently added, remove it and
see if the problem remains.
4. Clear CMOS.
5. If the message disappears,
there may be a problem with the
expansion card.
6. Replace the system board.
102-System Board
Failure
None
DMA, timers, etc.
1. Clear CMOS.
2. Remove expansion boards.
3. Replace the system board.
103-System Board
Failure
None
DMA, timers, etc.
1. Clear CMOS.
2. Remove expansion boards.
3. Replace the system board.
150-SafePost Active
None
A PCI expansion card is
not responding.
1. Restart the computer.
2. Disable SafePost.
3. If the expansion card does not
respond, replace the card.
162-System Options
Not Set
2S
Configuration incorrect.
RTC (real-time clock)
battery may need to be
replaced. Battery life is
approximately 3 years.
Run Computer Setup (F10 Setup).
Set the date and time under Control
Panel or in F10 Setup depending
on the operating system.
If the problem persists, replace the
RTC battery.
* L = Long, S = Short
Service Reference Guide
C–1
POST Error Messages
POST Error Messages
Screen Message
163-Time & Date Not
Set
Beeps*
2S
Probable Cause
•
Invalid time or date
in configuration
memory.
Set the date and time under Control
Panel or in F10 Setup depending
on the operating system.
•
RTC (real-time
clock) battery may
need to be replaced.
Battery life is
approximately three
years.
If the problem persists, replace the
RTC battery.
•
164-Memory Size Error
2S
Recommended Action
Check for proper placement of the
CMOS jumper.
CMOS jumper may
not be properly
installed.
Memory configuration is
incorrect.
1. Run Computer Setup (F10
Setup) or Windows utilities.
2. Make sure memory module(s)
(if any) are installed properly.
3. If third party memory has been
added, test using Compaq-only
memory.
4. Verify proper memory module
type.
183-Invalid Processor
Jumper Setting
2S
System board jumper
improperly set.
Reset system board jumpers to
match processor and bus speeds.
201-Memory Error
None
RAM failure.
1. Run Computer Setup (F10
Setup) or Windows utilities.
2. Ensure memory and continuity
modules are installed correctly.
3. Verify proper memory module
type.
4. Remove and replace memory
module(s) one at a time to
isolate faulty module.
5. Replace the faulty memory
module(s).
6. If error persists after replacing
memory modules, replace the
system board.
202-Memory Type
Mismatch
None
Memory modules do not
match each other.
Replace memory modules with
matched sets.
* L = Long, S = Short
C–2
Service Reference Guide
POST Error Messages
POST Error Messages
Screen Message
207-ECC Corrected
Single Bit Errors in
Memory Socket(s) y,y
Beeps*
2S
Probable Cause
Single Bit ECC error.
Recommended Action
1. Verify proper memory module
type.
2. Try another memory socket.
3. Replace memory module if
problem persists.
212-Failed Processor
None
Processor has failed to
initialize.
1. Reseat the processor in its
socket.
2. If the processor does not
respond, replace it.
A memory module in
memory socket
identified in the error
message is missing
critical SPD information,
or is incompatible with
the chipset.
1. Verify proper memory module
type.
A specific error has
occurred in a RDRAM
device installed in the
identified socket.
1. Verify proper memory module
type.
None
RIMMs not properly
installed.
Populate RIMM sockets starting
with slot no. 1 and do not leave any
memory sockets empty.
None
Keyboard failure.
1. Reconnect keyboard with
computer turned off.
213-Incompatible
memory Module in
memory Socket(s)
X,X, X
2S
214-Memory Device
Failure. Error Code: XX
Memory Module
Socket(s):XX
None
215-RIMM
Configuration Error
301-Keyboard Error
2. Try another memory socket.
3. Replace memory with a module
conforming to the SPD
standard.
2. Try another memory socket.
3. Replace memory module if
problem persists.
2. Check connector for bent or
missing pins.
3. Ensure that none of the keys are
depressed.
4. Replace keyboard.
304-Keyboard or
System Unit Error
None
Keyboard failure.
1. Reconnect the keyboard with
computer turned off.
2. Ensure that none of the keys are
depressed.
3. Replace keyboard.
4. Replace system board.
401-Parallel Port 1
Address Assignment
Conflict
2S
IRQ address conflicts
with another device.
Reset the IRQ.
* L = Long, S = Short
Service Reference Guide
C–3
POST Error Messages
POST Error Messages
Screen Message
Beeps*
Probable Cause
Recommended Action
402-Monochrome
Adapter Failure
1L, 2S
Monochrome display
controller.
Replace monochrome display
controller.
403-Parallel Port 3
Address Assignment
Conflict
2S
IRQ address conflicts
with another device.
Reset the IRQ.
404-Parallel Port
Address Conflict
Detected
2S
Both external and
internal ports are
assigned to parallel port
X.
1. Remove any parallel expansion
cards.
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Reconfigure card resources
and/or run Computer Setup
(F10 Setup).
410-Audio Interrupt
Conflict
2S
IRQ address conflicts
with another device.
Reset the IRQ.
411-Network Interface
Card Interrupt Conflict
2S
IRQ address conflicts
with another device.
Reset the IRQ.
501-Display Adapter
Failure
1L, 2S
Graphics display
controller.
1. Reseat the graphics card (if
applicable).
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Verify that the monitor is
attached and turned on.
4. Replace the graphics controller.
510-Splash Screen
image corrupted
None
Splash Screen image
has errors.
Install latest version of ROMPaq to
restore image.
511-CPU, Rear, or
Front Fan not detected
None
Fan is not properly
connected or may have
malfunctioned.
1. Reseat fan cable.
512-Chassis fan not
detected
None
Fan is not properly
connected, may have
malfunctioned, or fan
driver on system board
is not working.
1. Reseat fan cable.
Fan is not properly
connected or may have
malfunctioned.
1. Reseat fan cable.
514-CPU or chassis
fan not detected
None
2. Replace the fan.
2. Replace the fan.
3. Replace system board.
2. Replace the fan.
* L = Long, S = Short
C–4
Service Reference Guide
POST Error Messages
POST Error Messages
Screen Message
601-Diskette Controller
Error
Beeps*
None
Probable Cause
Diskette controller
circuitry or floppy drive
circuitry incorrect.
Recommended Action
1. Run Computer Setup (F10
Setup).
2. Check and/or replace cables.
3. Clear CMOS.
4. Replace diskette drive.
5. Replace the system board.
602-Diskette Boot
Record Error
None
Diskette in drive A not
bootable.
Replace the diskette.
605-Diskette Drive
Type Error
2S
Mismatch in drive type.
1. Run Computer Setup (F10
Setup) or Windows NT,
Windows 95, or Windows 98
utilities.
2. Disconnect any other diskette
controller devices (tape drives).
3. Clear CMOS.
610-External Storage
Device Failure
None
External tape drive not
connected.
Reinstall tape drive or press F1 and
allow system to reconfigure without
the drive.
611-Primary Floppy
Port Address
Assignment Conflict
2S
Configuration error.
1. Run Computer Setup (F10
Setup).
2. Remove expansion cards.
3. Clear CMOS.
612-Secondary Floppy
Port Address
Assignment Conflict
2S
Configuration error.
1. Run Computer Setup (F10
Setup).
2. Remove expansion cards.
3. Clear CMOS.
660-Display Cache is
Detected Unreliable
None
912-Computer Cover
Has Been Removed
Since Last System
Start Up
None
914-Hood Lock Coil is
not Connected
None
Integrated video
controller display cache
not working properly
and will be disabled.
Replace system board if minimal
video degrading is an issue.
No action required.
Hood lock mechanism
is missing or not
connected.
1. Reconnect or replace hood
locking mechanism.
2. Reseat or replace hood locking
mechanism cable.
* L = Long, S = Short
Service Reference Guide
C–5
POST Error Messages
POST Error Messages
Screen Message
Beeps*
Probable Cause
Recommended Action
916-Thermal Sensor
from Processor
Heatsink is not
Connected.
None
Processor heatsink
cable not connected to
system board.
Reseat or replace the processor
heatsink cable going to the system
board.
917-Expansion Riser
not Detected
None
Riser board not seated
or not installed.
Install riser board if missing or
remove and reseat to ensure good
connection.
1151-Serial Port 1
Address Conflict
Detected
2S
Both external and
internal serial ports are
assigned to COM1.
1. Remove any Comm port
expansion cards.
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Reconfigure card resources
and/or run Computer Setup
(F10 Setup). Run Computer
Setup or Windows utilities.
1152-Serial Port 2
Address Conflict
Detected
2S
Both external and
internal serial ports are
assigned to COM2.
1. Remove any Comm port
expansion cards.
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Reconfigure card resources
and/or run Computer Setup
(F10 Setup). Run Computer
Setup or Windows utilities.
1155-Serial Port
Address Conflict
Detected
2S
Both external and
internal serial ports are
assigned to same IRQ.
1. Remove any Comm port
expansion cards.
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Reconfigure card resources
and/or run Computer Setup
(F10 Setup).Run Computer
Setup or Windows utilities.
1201-System Audio
Address Conflict
Detected
2S
Device IRQ address
conflicts with another
device.
Reset the IRQ.
1202-MIDI Port
Address Conflict
Detected
2S
Device IRQ address
conflicts with another
device.
Reset the IRQ.
Device IRQ address
conflicts with another
device.
Reset the IRQ
Chassis fan not
connected to the
system board.
1. Reconnect the fan.
1203-Game Port
Address Conflict
Detected
1611- Fan failure
detected
None
2. Replace the fan.
3. Replace the system board.
* L = Long, S = Short
C–6
Service Reference Guide
POST Error Messages
POST Error Messages
Screen Message
1720-SMART Hard
Drive Detects Imminent
Failure
Beeps*
None
Probable Cause
Recommended Action
Hard drive is about to
fail. (Some hard drives
have a firmware patch
that will fix an erroneous
error message.)
1. Determine if hard drive is giving
correct error message. Run the
Drive Protection System test
available.
2. Apply firmware patch if
applicable (see
www.compaq.com\support\tech
pubs\customer_advisories).
3. Back up contents and replace
hard drive.
1721-SMART SCSI
Hard Drive Detects
Imminent Failure
None
Hard drive is about to
fail. (Some hard drives
have a firmware patch
that will fix an erroneous
error message.)
1. Determine if hard drive is giving
correct error message. Run the
Drive Protection System test
available.
2. Apply firmware patch if
applicable.
3. Back up contents and replace
hard drive.
1771-Primary Disk Port
Address Assignment
Conflict
1772-Secondary Disk
Port Address
Assignment Conflict
1780-Disk 0 Failure
2S
2S
None
Internal and external
hard drive controllers
are both assigned to the
primary address.
1. Remove any disk controller
expansion cards.
Internal and external
hard drive controllers
are both assigned to the
primary address.
1. Remove any disk controller
expansion cards.
Hard drive/format error.
1. Run Computer Setup
(F10 Setup).
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Reconfigure card resources
and/or run Computer Setup
(F10 Setup).
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Reconfigure card resources
and/or run Computer Setup
(F10 Setup).
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Check cables/jumper settings.
4. Run hard drive diagnostics.
5. Disconnect additional drives.
6. Run the Drive Protection
System test if available.
7. Replace the hard drive.
* L = Long, S = Short
Service Reference Guide
C–7
POST Error Messages
POST Error Messages
Screen Message
1781-Disk 1 Failure
Beeps*
None
Probable Cause
Hard drive/format error.
Recommended Action
1. Run Computer Setup
(F10 Setup).
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Check cable seating/jumper
settings.
4. Run hard drive diagnostics.
5. Disconnect additional drives.
6. Run the Drive Protection
System test if available.
7. Replace the hard drive.
1782-Disk Controller
Failure
None
Hard drive circuitry
error.
1. Run Computer Setup
(F10 Setup).
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Check cable seating /jumper
settings.
4. Run hard drive diagnostics.
5. Disconnect additional drives.
6. Run the Drive Protection
System test if available.
7. Check
www.compaq.com\support\
techpubs\customer_advisories
for possible changes when
using Windows NT4.0 Service
Pack 4.
8. Replace the hard drive.
9. Replace the system board.
* L = Long, S = Short
C–8
Service Reference Guide
POST Error Messages
POST Error Messages
Screen Message
1790-Disk 0 Failure
Beeps*
None
Probable Cause
Hard drive error or
wrong drive type.
Recommended Action
1. Run Computer Setup
(F10 Setup).
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Check cable seating /jumper
settings.
4. Run hard drive diagnostics.
5. Disconnect additional drives.
6. Confirm that drive is supported
on this computer (large drive
ROM support).
7. Run the Drive Protection
System test if available.
8. Replace the hard drive.
9. Replace the system board.
1791-Disk 1 Failure
None
Hard drive error or
wrong drive type.
1. Run Computer Setup
(F10 Setup).
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Check cable seating /jumper
settings.
4. Run hard drive diagnostics.
5. Disconnect additional drives.
6. Confirm that drive is supported
on this computer (large drive
ROM support).
7. Run the Drive Protection
System test if available.
8. Replace the hard drive.
9. Replace the system board.
1792-Secondary Disk
Controller Failure
None
Hard drive circuitry
error.
1. Run Computer Setup
(F10 Setup).
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Check cable seating /jumper
settings.
4. Run hard drive diagnostics.
5. Disconnect additional drives.
6. Run the Drive Protection
System test if available.
7. Replace the hard drive.
* L = Long, S = Short
Service Reference Guide
C–9
POST Error Messages
POST Error Messages
Screen Message
1793-Secondary
Controller or Disk
Failure
Beeps*
None
Probable Cause
Hard drive circuitry
error.
Recommended Action
1. Run Computer Setup
(F10 Setup).
2. Clear CMOS.
3. Check cable seating /jumper
settings.
4. Run hard drive diagnostics.
5. Disconnect additional drives.
6. Run the Drive Protection
System test if available.
7. Replace the hard drive.
1800-Temperature
Alert
None
Internal temperature
exceeds specification.
1. Check that computer air vents
are not blocked and cooling fan
is running.
2. Verify processor speed
selection.
3. Replace the processor.
4. Replace the system board.
1801-Microcode Patch
Error
None
Processor not
supported by ROM
BIOS.
Upgrade BIOS to proper version.
Audible
1L, 3S
System ROM is bad;
system is running in
Failsafe Boot Block
mode.
Reflash the ROM using a ROMPaq
diskette. Refer to the "Failsafe Boot
Block ROM" section of the Software
Reference Guide.
Audible
2S
Power-on successful.
None.
Fixed Disk Parameter
Table or BIOS Error
System Halted
3L
Configuration or
hardware failure.
Run Computer Setup and
Diagnostic Utilities.
Flashing Caps Lock
LED on Keyboard
1L, 2S
Graphics controller not
present or incorrectly
initialized.
1. Clear CMOS.
2. If graphics card has been
added, remove and reseat.
3. Reset the riser board.
Flashing Num Lock
LED on Keyboard
(Most models. Blue
LED glows on Evo
W8000 Workstation.)
1S, 2L
System memory not
present or not
functioning correctly.
1. Check memory module.
2. Remove and reseat memory
module.
3. See "Memory" in Appendix F.
* L = Long, S = Short
C–10
Service Reference Guide
POST Error Messages
POST Error Messages
Screen Message
Beeps*
Probable Cause
Recommended Action
Flashing Scroll Lock
LED on Keyboard
(Most models. Orange
LED glows on Evo
W8000 Workstation.)
2L, 1S
System board hardware
failure (prior to video).
Replace system board.
Invalid Electronic Serial
Number
None
Electronic serial number
has become corrupted.
1. Run Computer Setup
(F10 Setup). If Setup already
has data in the field or will not
allow the serial number to be
entered, download and run
SP5572.EXE (SNZERO.EXE).
2. Run F10 Setup and try to enter
serial number under Security,
System ID, then save changes.
Num Lock LED on
Keyboard
None
Failed Boot Block.
Reflash the ROM using a ROMPaq
diskette.
(Resume = F1 KEY)
None
As indicated to
continue.
Press F1.
XXOOOYZZ Parity
Check
None
Parity RAM failure.
Run Computer Setup and
Diagnostic Utilities.
* L = Long, S = Short
Service Reference Guide
C–11
POST Error Messages
C–12
Service Reference Guide
D
Diagnostic Indicator Lights
✎ All indicator lights are not available on all products.
Keyboard Lights
LED
Num Lock
Caps Lock
Scroll Lock
Color
Green
Green
Green
LED Activity
Flashing
Flashing
Flashing
State/Message
Memory error
No video
System board failure, prior to video
Chassis Indicator Lights—Desktop Computers and Workstations
LED
Color
LED Activity
State/Message
Power
Power
Power
Power
Power
Green
Green*
Green*
Green*
Green*
On
1 blink/second
1 blink/2 seconds
1 blink/second
1 blink/2 seconds
Computer on
Normal suspend mode
Normal suspend mode
Suspend to RAM
Suspend to RAM
Power
Power
None
Red
None
On
Computer off
CPU not installed/fetching code
Power
Power
Power
Red*
Red*
Red*
4 blinks/second
Computer shuts down
2 blinks 1 second apart
followed by 2 second
pause then repeat pattern
CPU thermal shutdown
CPU thermal shutdown
CPU thermal shutdown
Power
Power
Power and
hard drive
Red
Red
Red
1 blink/second
1 blink/2 or more seconds
On
ROM error
Power supply overheated
Riser board not seated
*Varies by model.
**Most models. Blue LED glows on Evo Workstation W8000.
Service Reference Guide
D–1
System Board Diagnostic Lights1—Desktop Computers and Workstations
Main Power
Switch
Status
3.3 V_Aux
LED
OFF2
ON
ON4
OFF
ON
OFF5
ON
ON3
5 V_Aux/
PSON LED
Power Button LED
(not for SFF)
1. ON and OFF state of LEDs apply only to a good, working system board with AC power
applied to the power supply.
2. Power LED on front of computer is OFF.
3. Power LED on front of computer is ON. (Green)
4. 5V_Aux is ON.
5. PSON is active = power supply turned ON.
D–2
Service Reference Guide
E
Diagnostic Error Codes
Diagnostic error codes occur if the system recognizes a problem while running the Compaq
Diagnostics program. These error codes help identify possibly defective subassemblies.
Diagnostic error messages consist of three components, AABB-CC, where
AA = Device Code
BB = Subtest Code
CC = Error Code
The following table lists the device codes (AABB-CC) and the subtest code (AABB-CC)
covered by Compaq Diagnostics Tests. Some codes listed in this table will not apply to the
computers described in this manual and will not be detailed in the tables that follow.
Summary of Test Error Codes
Error Code
Range
Device Description
Error Code
Range
Device Description
0100 - 0199
0200 - 0210
0301 - 0304
0401 - 0498
Processor (P1)
Memory
Keyboard
Parallel Port
3113 - 3199
3206 - 3206
3300 - 3333
Third Processor (P3)
Audio System
Mediavision Spectrum 16
Multimedia
0501 - 0516
0600 - 0699
0802 - 0824
1101 - 1109
Video Display Unit
Diskette Drive
Monochrome Video Card
Serial Port
3400 - 3401
4113 - 4199
5100 - 5130
5234 - 5240
TV Tuner Card Fourth
Processor
Plasma Display System
Advanced Color Graphics (AGC)
1201 - 1210
1700 - 1799
1800 - 1823
1900 - 1906
Modem
Hard Drive
CD-ROM
Tape Drive
6000 - 6089
6500 - 6599
6600 - 6699
6700 - 6799
Network Card
SCSI Hard Drives
CD-ROM Drives
SCSI Tape Drives
2113 - 2199
2402 - 2480
Second Processor (P2)
Enhanced Color Graphics
(ECG/VGA)
Pen/Digitizer
7000
8601
8700 - 8702
Server Manager/R Card
Auxiliary Input Interface
Game Port
2502
Service Reference Guide
E–1
Diagnostic Error Codes
The remaining tables list possible error codes (AABB-CC), descriptions of each error
condition, and recommended actions to resolve the error condition.
the system after completing each step. If the problem has been resolved,
✎ Retest
do not proceed with the remaining steps.
For assistance in the removal and replacement of a particular subassembly, see the "Removal
and Replacement Procedures" chapter in this manual.
Microprocessor
Error Code
Description
Recommended Action
0101-xx
CPU test failed.
The following steps apply to 0101-xx through
0102-xx:
0102-xx
Coprocessor error.
1. Run Computer Checkup or Computer
Setup and retest.
2. Replace processor and retest.
3. Replace the system board and retest.
0103-xx
DMA controller failed.
The following step applies to 0103-xx through
0106-xx:
0104-xx
Interrupt controller failed.
Replace the system board and retest.
0105-xx
Port error.
0106-xx
Keyboard controller self-test
failed.
0107-xx
CMOS RAM test failed.
The following steps apply to 0107-xx through
0109-xx:
0108-xx
CMOS interrupt test failed.
1. Replace the battery/clock module and
retest.
0109-xx
CMOS clock test failed.
2. Replace the system board and retest.
0110-xx
Programmable timer test
failed.
Replace the system board and retest.
0113-01
Protected mode test failed.
Replace the system board and retest.
0114-01
Speaker test failed.
1. Verify the speaker connection.
2. Replace speaker (if applicable) and retest.
3. Replace the system board and retest.
0199-xx
Installed devices test failed.
1. Check system configuration.
2. Verify cable connections.
3. Check switch settings.
4. Run Diagnostics utility.
5. Remove all devices except processor and
replace one-at-a-time until a failure occurs.
6. Replace the system board.
E–2
Service Reference Guide
Diagnostic Error Codes
Memory
Error Code
Description
Recommended Action
0200-xx
Machine ID test failed.
Reinsert memory modules and retest.
0202-xx
System ROM checksum
failed.
The following steps apply to 0202-xx through
0212-xx:
0203-xx
Write/read test failed.
1. Remove one memory module at a time
until the error message stops.
0204-xx
Address test failed.
2. Replace other removed modules one at a
time, testing each to ensure the error does
not return.
0205-xxx
Walking 1s test failed.
3. Replace defective modules.
0209-xxx
RAM long test failed.
4. If error continues, replace system board
and retest.
0211-xx
Random pattern test failed.
0212-xxx
Cache test failed.
0214-xx
Noise test failed.
The following steps apply to 0214-xx through
0215-xx:
0215-xx
Random address test failed.
1. Remove one memory module at a time
until the error message stops.
2. Replace other removed modules one at a
time, testing each to ensure the error does
not return.
3. Replace the system board and retest.
Keyboard
Error Code
Description
Recommended Action
0300-xx
ID test failed.
The following steps apply 0300-xx through
0304-xx:
0301-xx
Self-test/interface test failed.
1. Check the keyboard connection. If
disconnected, turn the computer off and
connect the keyboard.
0302-xx
Individual key test failed.
2. Replace the keyboard and retest.
0304-xx
Repeat test failed.
3. Replace the system board and retest.
any key down during the boot-up sequence causes the Basic Input
✎ Holding
Output System (BIOS) to beep, as a warning of possible keyboard problems.
Wait until after the system has booted, then press the Num Lock key. If the Num
Lock light on the keyboard toggles on and off with each press of the key, the
keyboard is functioning properly.
Service Reference Guide
E–3
Diagnostic Error Codes
Parallel Port
Error Code
Description
Recommended Action
0401-xx
Failed or not connected.
The following steps apply to 0401-xx through
0403-xx:
0402-xx
Printer port test failed.
1. Connect the printer.
0403-xx
Pattern test failed.
2. Check power to the printer.
3. Install the loop-back connector and retest.
4. Replace system board and retest.
Diskette Drive
Error Code
Description
Recommended Action
0600-xx
ID drive types test failed.
The following steps apply to 0600-xx through
0698-xx:
0601-xx
Format failed.
1. Replace the diskette media and retest.
0602-xx
Read test failed.
2. Reseat and/or replace the diskette power
and signal cables and retest.
0603-xx
Write, read, compare test
failed.
3. Replace the diskette drive and retest.
0604-xx
Random seek test failed.
4. Replace the system board and retest.
0605-xx
ID media test failed.
0606-xx
Speed test failed.
0609-xx
Diskette reset controller
failed.
0610-xx
Change line test failed.
0697-xx
Diskette type error.
0698-xx
Diskette drive speed not
within limits.
0699-xx
Diskette drive/media error.
1. Replace the diskette media and retest.
2. Run Computer Setup and TEST.
E–4
Service Reference Guide
Diagnostic Error Codes
Serial Port
Error Code
1101-xx
Description
Serial port test failed.
Recommended Action
1. Run Computer Setup or Windows NT,
Windows 98/2000/ME utilities.
2. Replace the system board and retest.
Modem Communications
Error Code
Description
Recommended Action
1201-xx
Internal test failed.
The following steps apply to 1201-xx through
1210-xx:
1203-xx
External termination test
failed.
1. Disconnect from the phone line and retest.
1204-xx
Auto originate test failed.
2. Check the phone number.
1205-xx
Auto answer test failed.
3. Check the modem line.
1210-xx
Direct connect test failed.
4. Replace the modem and retest.
Service Reference Guide
E–5
Diagnostic Error Codes
Hard Drive
Error Code
Description
Recommended Action
1701-xx
Format test failed.
The following steps apply to 1701-xx through
1736-xx:
1702-xx
Read test failed.
1. Run Computer Setup and verify drive type.
1703-xx
Write/read/compare test
failed.
2. Reseat or replace the hard drive signal and
power cables and retest.
1704-xx
Random seek test failed.
3. Clear CMOS.
1705-xx
Controller test failed.
4. Run the hard drive DPS test.
1708-xx
Format bad track test failed.
5. Replace the hard drive and retest.
1710-xx
Park head test failed.
6. Replace the system board and retest.
1715-xx
Head select test failed.
1716-xx
Conditional format test failed.
1717-xx
ECC* test failed.
1719-xx
Power mode test failed.
1724-xx
Network preparation test
failed.
1736-xx
Monitoring test failed.
*Error Correction Code
Tape Drive
Error Code
Description
Recommended Action
1900-xx
ID test failed.
The following steps apply to 1900-xx through 1910-xx
1901-xx
Servo test failed.
1. Replace the tape cartridge and retest.
1902-xx
Format or format
verification test failed.
2. Reseat and/or replace the signal cable and retest.
1903-xx
Sensor test failed.
3. Check the switch settings on the adapter card (if
applicable).
1904-xx
BOT/EOT test failed.
4. Replace the tape adapter card (if applicable) and
retest.
1905-xx
Read test failed.
5. Replace the tape drive and retest.
1906-xx
Write/read/compare failed.
6. Replace the system board and retest.
1910-xx
Tape erase test failed.
E–6
Service Reference Guide
Diagnostic Error Codes
Video
Error Code
Description
Recommended Action
501-xx
Graphics controller test failed.
The following steps apply to 501-xx through
516-xx:
502-xx
Video memory test failed.
1. Replace the monitor and retest.
503-xx
Video attribute test failed.
2. Replace the graphics controller and retest.
504-xx
Video character test failed.
3. Replace the system board and retest.
505-xx
Video 80 × 25 mode 9 × 14
character cell test failed.
506-xx
Video 80 × 25 mode 8 × 8
character cell test failed.
507-xx
Video 40 × 25 mode test failed.
508-xx
Video 300 × 200 mode color set
0 test failed.
509-xx
Video 320 × 200 mode color set
1 test failed.
510-xx
Video 640 × 200 mode test
failed.
511-xx
Video screen memory page test
failed.
512-xx
Video gray scale test failed.
514-xx
Video white screen test failed.
516-xx
Video noise pattern test failed.
2401-xx
Graphics controller test failed.
1. Reseat the video card (if applicable) and
retest.
2. Replace the video card and retest.
3. Replace the system board and retest.
2402-xx
Memory test failed.
The following steps apply to 2402-xx through
2419-xx:
2403-xx
Attribute test failed.
1. Reseat the video card (if applicable) and
retest.
2404-xx
Character set test failed.
2. Run the Configuration and Diagnostics
utilities.
2405-xx
80 × 25 mode 9 × 14 character
cell test failed.
3. Replace the monitor and retest.
2406-xx
80 × 25 mode 8 × 8 character
cell test failed.
4. Replace the video/system board and
retest.
2408-xx
320 × 200 mode color set 0 test
failed.
Service Reference Guide
E–7
Diagnostic Error Codes
Video
Error Code
Description
Recommended Action
2409-xx
320 × 200 mode color set 1 test
failed.
2410-xx
640 × 200 mode test failed.
2411-xx
Screen memory page test failed.
2412-xx
Gray scale test failed.
2418-xx
ECG/VGC memory test failed.
2419-xx
ECG/VGC ROM checksum test
failed.
2420-xx
Graphics attribute test failed.
Replace the monitor and retest.
2421-xx
ECG/VGC 640 × 200 graphics
mode test failed.
1. Reseat the video card (if applicable) and
retest.
2. Replace the video/system board and
retest.
2422-xx
ECG/VGC 640 × 350 16 color set
test failed.
The following steps apply to 2422-xx through
2456-xx:
2423-xx
ECG/VGC 640 × 350 64 color set
test failed.
1. Reseat the video card (if applicable) and
retest.
2424-xx
ECG/VGC monochrome text
mode test failed.
2. Run the Configuration and Diagnostics
utilities.
2425-xx
ECG/VGC monochrome
graphics mode test failed.
3. Replace the monitor and retest.
2431-xx
640 × 480 graphics test failed.
4. Replace the video/system board and retest
2432-xx
320 × 200 graphics (256 color
mode) test failed.
2448-xx
Advanced VGA Controller test
failed.
2451-xx
132-column Advanced VGA test
failed.
2456-xx
Advanced VGA 256 Color test
failed.
2458-xx
Advanced VGA BitBLT test.
The following steps apply to 2458-xx through
2480-xx:
2468-xx
Advanced VGA DAC test.
1. Reseat the video card (if applicable) and
retest.
2477-xx
Advanced VGA data path test.
2. Replace the video card and retest.
2478-xx
Advanced VGA BitBLT test.
3. Replace the system board and retest.
2480-xx
Advanced VGA Linedraw test.
E–8
Service Reference Guide
Diagnostic Error Codes
Audio
Error Code
3206-xx
✎
Description
Audio System Internal Error.
Recommended Action
Replace the system board and retest.
When Windows 98/2000/ME is installed, changes to ESS sound device configuration do not take
effect until the computer is restarted (turned off and on).
Network Interface
Error Code
Description
Recommended Action
6000-xx
ID test failed.
The following steps apply to 6000-xx through
6089-xx:
6014-xx
Configuration test failed.*
1. Run Computer Setup or Windows NT,
Windows 95, 98, 2000, or ME utilities.
6016-xx
Reset test failed.*
2. Verify test procedures.
6028-xx
Internal test failed.*
3. Replace the network card, if installed.
6029-xx
External test failed.*
4. Replace the system board.
6054-xx
Configuration test failed.**
6056-xx
Reset test failed.**
6068-xx
Internal test failed.**
6069-xx
External test failed.**
6089-xx
Open test failed.**
* Ethernet only.
**Token Ring only.
CD-ROM and DVD-ROM
Error Code
Description
Recommended Action
3301-xx
CD-ROM drive read test
failed.
The following steps apply to 3301-xx through
3305-xx and 6600-xx through 6623-xx:
3305-xx
CD-ROM drive seek test
failed.
1. Replace the CD media and retest.
6600-xx
ID test failed.
2. Check the jumper settings on the adapter
card.
6605-xx
Read test failed.
3. Verify that the speakers are connected.
6608-xx
Controller test failed.
4. Reseat and/or replace the power and
signal cables and retest.
6623-xx
Random read test failed.
5. Replace the CD-ROM drive and retest.
Service Reference Guide
E–9
Diagnostic Error Codes
Pointing Device
Error Code
8601-xx
Description
Mouse test failed.
Recommended Action
The following steps apply to 8601-xx through
8602-xx:
1. Replace with a working mouse and retest.
8602-xx
Interface test failed.
2. Replace the system board and retest.
Special Error Codes
This section includes the error codes for the following devices:
■
SCSI hard drives
■
SCSI tape drives
■
SCSI PD-CD drives
■
All CD-ROM drives
The SCSI error codes consist of three components, AABB-CC, where
AA = Device Name
BB = Test Name
CC = Error Code
For example, a diagnostic error code of 6523-05 indicates that the diagnostics program was
testing the hard drive random-read function and received a seek failure. The device is faulty
and must be replaced.
Device Names
65XX-XX
66XX-XX
67XX-XX
Hard Drive
CD-ROM Drive and PD-CD Drive
Tape Drive
Test Names
E–10
XX00-XX
XX05-XX
XX06-XX
XX08-XX
ID
Read
SA/Media
Controller
XX09-XX
XX23-XX
XX28-XX
Media erase
Random read
Media load/unload
Service Reference Guide
Diagnostic Error Codes
Test Error Codes
Error Code
Description
Recommended Action
XXXX-02
Drive not installed.
Check cable connections.
XXXX-03
Media not in drive.
Check for and install data CD or write-enabled
tape in drive.
XXXX-05
Seek failure.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-06
Drive timed out.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-07
Drive busy.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-08
Drive already reserved.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-09
Unknown.
XXXX-10
Unknown.
XXXX-11
Media soft error.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-12
Drive not ready.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-13
Media error.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-14
Drive hardware error.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-15
Illegal drive command.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-16
Media was changed.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-17
Tape write-protected.
1. Disable write-protect on tape cartridge.
2. Replace tape drive.
XXXX-18
No data detected.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-21
Drive command aborted.
Replace the indicated device.
65XX-24
Media hard error.
1. Back up data and perform Surface Analysis
to reallocate defect.
2. Replace drive.
66XX-24
Media hard error.
1. Replace current data CD with different data
CD.
2. Replace drive.
67XX-24
Media hard error.
1. Ensure correct media type for this tape
drive.
2. Replace current tape with new tape.
3. Replace tape drive.
XXXX-25
Unknown.
XXXX-30
Controller timed out.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-31
Unrecoverable error.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-32
Controller/drive disconnected.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-33
Illegal controller command.
Replace the indicated device.
Service Reference Guide
E–11
Diagnostic Error Codes
Test Error Codes (Continued)
Error Code
Description
Recommended Action
XXXX-34
Invalid SCSI bus phase.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-35
Invalid SCSI bus phase.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-36
Invalid SCSI bus phase.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-39
Error status from drive.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-40
Target timed out.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-41
SCSI bus stayed busy.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-42
ACK/REQ lines bad.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-43
ACK did not deassert.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-44
Parity error.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-50
Data pins bad.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-51
Data line 7 bad.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-52
MSG, C/D, and/or I/O lines
bad.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-53
BSY never went busy.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-54
BSY stayed busy.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-60
Controller CONFIG-1 register
bad
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-61
Controller CONFIG-2 register
bad
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-65
Media not unloaded.
Replace the indicated device.
XXXX-90
Fain failure.
1. Ensure fan(s) connected.
2. Replace nonfunctional fan(s).
XXXX-91
Over temperature.
1. Ensure proper air flow.
2. Perform required maintenance and
cleaning.
XXXX-99
Autoloader reported tapes not
loaded properly.
1. Install tape(s) in autoloader tape drive
according to test instructions.
2. Change autoloader magazine.
E–12
Service Reference Guide
F
Troubleshooting Without Diagnostics
Preliminary Checklist
This section describes some simple, preliminary tests and guidelines for troubleshooting the
computer without using the diagnostics.
If you encounter some minor problem with the computer or a software application, go
through the following checklist for possible solutions before running any of the diagnostic
utilities:
■
Are the computer and monitor connected to a working electrical outlet?
■
Is the computer turned on?
■
Is the green power light illuminated?
■
Is the monitor turned on?
■
Is the green monitor light illuminated?
■
Turn up the monitor brightness and contrast controls if the monitor is dim.
■
Press and hold any key. If the system beeps, then the keyboard is operating correctly.
■
Check all cables for loose or incorrect connections.
■
Reconfigure the computer after installing a non–Plug and Play expansion board or other
option, such as a diskette drive.
■
Are all of the necessary device drivers installed?
■
Have all printer drivers been installed for each application?
■
Remove all diskettes from the diskette drives before you turn on the system.
■
Are all switches set correctly?
■
Is the NIC Remote Wakeup cable (featured on some models) connected between the NIC
and the riser/system board?
■
Are all memory sockets filled on computers using RIMMs?
■
Ensure that memory module types are not mixed on the same system board. The system
will not boot if RIMMs and DIMMs are mixed.
Service Reference Guide
F–1
Troubleshooting Without Diagnostics
Solving Minor Problems
Problem
Computer will not turn on.
Possible Solution
1. Ensure that the computer is properly connected to an
external power source and the wall outlet is active.
2. A PCI or ISA card that has been installed is defective.
Remove any expansion card that was just installed.
3. Reseat drive power, data, and power supply cables.
4. Disconnect all drive cables and reboot. Add devices
back one at a time to isolate problem.
Computer appears locked up and
won’t turn off when the power button
is pressed.
Software control of the power button may not be functional.
Press and hold the button for four seconds, then release.
This invokes the hardware override for the power button.
Computer date and time display is
incorrect.
First, reset the date and time under Control Panel. If the
problem persists, the real-time clock (RTC) battery may
need to be replaced. Refer to Section 9.1 in this guide.
When booting from a network, the PC clock may be reset
to that of the server. The PC clock may also change when
using other services through the server.
Computer powered off automatically.
1. The unit temperature was exceeded because the unit is
in an exceedingly hot environment or the fan is blocked.
Let the unit cool down.
2. The fan may not be functioning correctly or the air vents
are blocked.
3. The unit temperature was exceeded because the
computer was functioning with the cover or side panel
removed. Replace cover or side panel, and let the
computer cool down.
4. The unit temperature was exceeded because the air
baffle is not properly installed to direct air flow over the
processor.
Insufficient power to the components.
Ensure that both power supply cables are connected to the
system board (on some workstations).
Computer appears to pause
periodically
Network driver is loaded and no network connection is
established. Establish a network connection, or use
Computer Setup or Windows Device Manager to disable
the network controller.
Cannot remove computer cover or
side panel.
1. Smart Lock, featured on some computers, is locked.
Unlock the Smart Cover Lock using Computer Setup.
2. The Smart Cover FailSafe Key, a device for manually
disabling the Smart Cover Lock, is available from
Compaq. You need the FailSafe Key in cases of
forgotten password, power loss, or computer
malfunction.
F–2
Service Reference Guide
Troubleshooting Without Diagnostics
Solving Minor Problems (Continued)
Problem
Possible Solution
Computer does not boot up and
power and hard drive LEDs are
blinking.
Ensure that the riser board is properly seated.
Computer does not boot up and Num
Lock LED is blinking; you may hear
one short and two long beeps.
Memory may be improperly installed or may be bad.
The Caps Lock LED is flashing; you
may hear one long and two short
beeps.
The video controller is not present or is incorrectly
initialized. Clear configuration memory (CMOS). If a video
card has been added, remove and reseat it.
Computer does not boot up and the
Scroll Lock LED is flashing; you may
hear two long and one short beeps.
System board hardware failure (prior to video). Replace
system board.
✎
If the standard keyboard has been replaced with a Universal Serial Bus (USB) keyboard, you will hear
the beep sequences mentioned above but will not see the flashing lights.
Service Reference Guide
F–3
Troubleshooting Without Diagnostics
Diskette Drive
Problem
Diskette drive light stays on.
Possible Solution
1. Diskette is damaged. In Windows 98, 2000, or Me run
ScanDisk. Click Start > Programs > Accessories >
System Tools > ScanDisk.
In Windows NT, right–click Start, click Explore, and
select a drive. Select File > Properties > Tools. Under
Error-checking, click Check Now.
2. Diskette is incorrectly inserted. Remove the diskette
and reinsert.
3. Software program may be damaged. Check the
program diskettes.
4. Drive button is not pushed in. Push in drive button.
5. Drive cable is not properly connected. Reconnect drive
cable.
Diskette drive cannot write to a
diskette.
1. Diskette is not formatted. Format the diskette.
2. Diskette is write-protected. Either use another diskette
that is not write-protected or disable the write protection
on the diskette.
3. Writing to the wrong drive. Check the drive letter in the
path statement.
4. Not enough space is left on the diskette. Use another
diskette.
5. Diskette write control is enabled. Check the Removable
Media write settings in Computer Setup.
Cannot format diskette.
Invalid media reported. When formatting a diskette in
DOS, you may need to specify diskette capacity. For
example, to format a 1.44-MB diskette, type the following
command at the DOS prompt:
FORMAT A: /F:1440
Diskette drive cannot read a diskette.
1. Diskette is not formatted. Format the diskette.
2. Using the wrong diskette type for the drive type. Check
the drive type and use a compatible diskette.
3. Reading the wrong drive. Check the drive letter in the
path statement.
4. Diskette drive has been disabled by Computer Setup,
Windows NT, Windows 98, 2000 or Me utilities. Run
Computer Setup and enable the diskette drive.
F–4
Service Reference Guide
Troubleshooting Without Diagnostics
Diskette Drive (Continued)
Problem
A problem has occurred with a disk
transaction.
Possible Solution
The directory structure is bad, or there is a problem with a
file. In Windows 98, 2000, or Me run ScanDisk. Click Start
> Programs > Accessories > System Tools > ScanDisk.
In Windows NT, right–click Start, click Explore, and select
a drive. Select File > Properties > Tools. Under
Error-checking, click Check Now.
Non-system disk message.
The system is trying to start from a nonsystem diskette.
Remove the diskette from the drive.
Drive not found.
1. Reseat the diskette drive cable.
2. If a second diskette drive has been installed, follow the
computer reconfiguration directions in the "Hardware
Installation Problems" section.
System has misidentified the diskette
drive type.
Service Reference Guide
If a diskette drive other than a 3.5-inch, 1.44-MB drive has
been installed, ensure that the drive type is identified
correctly under Computer Setup.
F–5
Troubleshooting Without Diagnostics
Display
Problem
Screen is blank.
Possible Solution
1. Monitor is not turned on and the monitor light is not on.
Turn on the monitor and check that the monitor light is
on.
2. Screen save has been initiated. Press any key or move
the mouse to light the screen.
3. The cable connections are not correct. Check the cable
connection from the monitor to the computer and to the
electrical outlet.
4. The brightness need adjusting. Adjust the brightness
control.
5. The energy saver feature has been enabled. Press any
key or click the mouse button and, if one has been set,
type the password.
6. The RGB (Red, Green, Blue) input switch on the back
of the monitor is incorrectly set. Set the monitor's input
switch to 75 ohms and, if there is a sync switch, set it to
External.
7. System ROM is bad and system is running in FailSafe
Boot Block mode (indicated by one long beep and three
short beeps). Reflash the ROM using a ROMPaq
diskette. Refer to "FailSafe Boot Block ROM" in section
3.4.3 of this book.
8. If a fixed-sync monitor is used, be sure that the monitor
can accept the same sweep rate as the resolution
chosen.
9. Ensure the VGA/BNC selector is properly set.
Graphics colors are wrong.
Either the cabling or the monitor impedance is incorrect.
1. Ensure that the Red, Green, and Blue BNC cables are
connected to the corresponding monitor connectors.
2. Be sure the monitor's RGB inputs are set to 75 ohms.
Characters are dim.
1. Adjust the monitor's brightness and contrast controls.
2. Check that the video cable is securely connected to the
graphics card and monitor.
3. Set the RGB switch (and sync options, if available) to
75 ohms, with the sync set to External. Refer to the
documentation included with the monitor.
Monitor does not function properly
when used with the energy saver
features.
F–6
Monitor without the energy saver feature is being used with
energy saver features enabled. Disable the monitor energy
saver features.
Service Reference Guide
Troubleshooting Without Diagnostics
Display (Continued)
Problem
Possible Solution
Blurry display or requested resolution
cannot be set.
If the graphics controller was upgraded, the correct display
drivers may not be loaded. Install the correct display
drivers from the diskette included in the upgrade kit.
The picture is broken up; it rolls,
jitters, or blinks.
1. Be sure the monitor cable is securely connected to the
computer.
2. In a two-monitor system or if another monitor is in close
proximity, move the monitors apart to be sure they are
not interfering with the other's magnetic field.
3. Fluorescent lights or fans may be too close to the
monitor.
Screen goes blank.
A screen blanking utility may be installed or energy saver
features may be enabled. Press any key or type password.
Monitor overheats.
There is not enough ventilation space for proper airflow.
Leave at least 3 inches (7.6 cm) of ventilation space. Be
sure there is nothing on top of the monitor obstructing the
air flow.
Cursor will not move using the arrow
keys on the numeric keypad.
The Num Lock key is on. Press the key to turn it off. The
Num Lock light should not be on when you want to use the
arrow keys.
SCSI
Problem
Possible Solution
System with IDE and SCSI drives will
not boot from SCSI hard drive.
The IDE drive needs to be disabled. Under the Computer
Setup Advanced menu, disable the primary IDE controller.
System will not boot from a SCSI
drive.
1. The SCSI drive is not configured correctly.
Service Reference Guide
2. Ensure that drive cabling and jumpers are set correctly.
To boot a SCSI drive, the drive ID number must be set
to 0.
F–7
Troubleshooting Without Diagnostics
Printer
Problem
Printer will not print.
Possible Solution
1. Printer is not turned on and online. Turn the printer on
and ensure it is online.
2. Run printer self-test.
3. Reseat both ends of the printer cable.
4. Verify that printer port is enabled in BIOS and in
Windows using F10 Setup.
5. Try printing using the DOS command
C:\ [printer port].
Where [printer port] is the port address to which the
printer is connected.
If the printer works, the problem is with the printer
driver. Reload the driver.
6. If the computer is on a network, you may not have
made the connection to the printer. Make the proper
network connections to the printer.
Printer will not turn on.
The cables may not be connected properly. Reconnect all
cables and check the power cord and electrical outlet.
Prints garbled information.
1. The correct printer driver for the application are not
installed. Install the correct printer driver for the
application.
2. The cables may not be connected properly. Reconnect
all cables.
Printer is offline.
F–8
The printer may be out of paper. Check the paper tray and
refill it if empty. Select online.
Service Reference Guide
Troubleshooting Without Diagnostics
Hard Drive
The information provided by the diagnostics tests includes: error code, system serial number,
drive serial number, drive model, and drive firmware revision. Specific details of the drive
failure are not included.
When you run the diagnostics, the test results are stored in a log. After completing the test,
you can print this log to a local printer or save it to a file. Alternatively, before running the
test, you can configure the test options to send the results to a local printer or file.
Hard Drive
Problem
Possible Solution
Hard drive error occurs.
Hard disk has bad sectors or has failed. Use a utility to
locate and block usage of bad sectors. If necessary,
reformat the hard disk.
Disk transaction problem.
Either the directory structure is bad or there is a problem
with a file. In Windows 98, 2000, or Me run ScanDisk. Click
Start > Programs > Accessories > System Tools >
ScanDisk.
In Windows NT, right–click Start, click Explore, and select
a drive. Select File > Properties > Tools. Under
Error-checking, click Check Now.
Drive not found (identified).
1. Cable could be loose. Check cable connections.
2. The system may not have automatically recognized a
newly installed device. See reconfiguration directions in
the "Hardware Installation Problems" section. If system
still does not recognize the new device, check to see if
the device is listed within Computer Setup. If it is listed,
the probable cause is a driver problem. If it is not listed,
the probable cause is a hardware problem.
3. Check drive jumper settings. If the drive is a secondary
drive that has just been installed on the same controller
as the primary drive, verify that the jumpers for both
drives are set correctly.
4. Check SCSI IDs to ensure none are duplicated.
Nonsystem disk message.
1. The system is trying to start from a diskette that is not
bootable. Remove the diskette from the diskette drive.
2. The system is trying to start from the hard drive but the
hard drive may have been damaged. Insert a bootable
diskette into the diskette drive and restart the computer.
3. Diskette boot has been disabled in Computer Setup.
Run Computer Setup and enable diskette boot.
Second Ultra ATA hard drive does not
perform optimally.
Service Reference Guide
The cable is not compatible with the drive type. Reinstall
the second Ultra ATA hard drive using an 80-conductor
cable.
F–9
Troubleshooting Without Diagnostics
Audio
Problem
Sound does not come out of the
speaker.
Possible Solution
Software volume control is turned down electronically, or
CD-ROM volume control on the front or back of the
computer is turned down. Double–click on the speaker
icon located on the taskbar, then set the volume by
adjusting the volume slider.
CD or DVD volume control on the front of the computer
may be turned down. Increase the volume by turning the
volume control dial.
External speakers not turned on. Turn on the speakers.
External speakers plugged into wrong jacks. Refer to the
Computer User’s Guide or sound card documentation for
proper speaker connection.
Audio cable not connected. Connect audio cable between
CD or DVD drive and the system board.
Noise or silence comes from the
speakers or headphones.
Computer may not detect correct speaker/headphone type
or output or analog–to–digital auto–sense is not engaged.
1. If using digital speakers with a stereo jack, use the
stereo–to–mono adapter to engage the auto–sense
feature.
2. If a the stereo–to–mono adapter is not available, use
the multimedia device properties to manually switch the
audio signal from analog to digital.
3. If the headphones have a mono jack, use the
multimedia device properties to manually switch the
system to analog out.
✎
F–10
If you set digital as the Output mode, the internal
speaker and external analog speakers will no longer
output audio until you switch back to an auto–sense or
analog mode.
If you set analog as your Output Mode, external digital
speakers will not function until you change the output
mode back to auto–sense or digital mode.
Service Reference Guide
Troubleshooting Without Diagnostics
Hardware Installation
You may need to reconfigure the computer when you add or remove hardware, such as an
additional diskette drive. If you install a Plug and Play device, Windows 98, 2000, or Me in
most cases will automatically recognize the device and configures the computer. If a
third-party Plug and Play device is not recognized, contact the device manufacturer. If you
install a non–Plug and Play device, you must reconfigure the computer after completing
installation of the new hardware. In Windows 98, 2000, or Me, select the Add New Hardware
icon in the Control Panel and follow the instructions that appear on the screen. To
reconfigure the computer in Windows NT Workstation 4.0 after installing new hardware, use
the utility provided with the hardware.
Hardware Installation
Problem
Possible Solutions
A new device is not
automatically recognized as
part of the computer system.
1. The computer needs to be reconfigured to recognize the new
device. Follow the reconfiguration instructions above. If system
still does not recognize the new device, but the device is listed
within Computer Setup, use Computer Setup to address any
resource conflicts.
2. When the system advised you of changes to the configuration,
you did not accept them. Reboot the computer and follow the
instructions for accepting the changes.
3. A Plug and Play board may not automatically configure when
added if the default configuration conflicts with other devices.
Use Windows 98, 2000, or Me Device Manager to deselect the
automatic settings for the board and choose a basic
configuration that doesn’t cause a resource conflict. You can
also use Computer Setup to reconfigure or disable devices to
resolve the resource conflict.
4. The cables for the new external device are loose or the power
cables are unplugged. Check all cables, and check that pins in
the cable or connector are not bent down.
5. The power switch for the new external device is not turned on.
Turn off the computer, turn on the external device, and then turn
the computer on to integrate the new device with the computer.
6. If the drive is a secondary drive that has just been installed on
the same controller as the primary drive, verify that the jumpers
for both drives are set correctly.
Insufficient power to the
components.
Ensure both power supply cables are connected to the system
board (some Workstations).
Installed third-party SCSI
hard drive adapter not
participating in the hard drive
ordering sequence provided
in F10 Setup and/or is always
coming up as the boot device
regardless of the
predetermined sequence.
The third-party adapter is either not supporting BIOS Boot
Specification or the Boot Vector option. A solution is not available.
Service Reference Guide
F–11
Troubleshooting Without Diagnostics
DVD-ROM and CD-ROM
Problem
Cannot read compact disc.
Possible Solution
1. CD is not properly seated in the drive. Eject the CD,
correctly seat it in the drive, then reload.
2. CD has been loaded upside down. Eject the CD, turn it
over, then reload.
System will not boot from CD-ROM or
DVD drive.
1. The CD-ROM or DVD boot is not enabled through the
Computer Setup utility. Run the Computer Setup utility
and set the drive priorities.
2. Ensure that drive cabling and jumpers are set correctly.
To boot a SCSI drive, the drive ID number must be set
to 0.
Cannot eject compact disc (tray-load
unit).
CD is not properly seated in the drive. Turn off the
computer and insert a thin metal rod into the emergency
eject hole and push firmly (a straightened paper clip can
be used). Slowly pull the tray out from the drive until the
tray is fully extended, then remove the CD.
Cannot eject compact disc (slot-load
unit).
1. Remove the drive from the chassis.
2. Remove the front bezel from the drive.
3. Remove the top and bottom drive covers.
4. Release the clamping mechanism to retrieve the CD.
CD-ROM or DVD device is not
detected; driver is not loaded.
CD-ROM or DVD drive is not connected properly or not
properly terminated. Open the computer and check the
drive cable.
Movie will not play in the DVD drive.
Movie may be regionalized for a different country. Refer to
the documentation that came with the device.
Processor
Problem
Computer does not recognize the
second processor.
F–12
Possible Solution
Hardware Abstract Layer (HAL) installed is for a single
processor. Install the multi-processor HAL.
Service Reference Guide
Troubleshooting Without Diagnostics
Memory
Problem
Possible Solution
System won't boot or does not
function properly after installing
additional memory modules.
Memory module is not the correct type or speed grade for
the system. Replace module with the correct
industry-standard device for the computer.
Out of Memory error.
1. Memory configuration may not be set up correctly;
check memory configuration using Device Manager.
2. The computer has run out of memory for the
application. Check the application documentation to
determine the memory requirements.
Memory count during POST is wrong.
Memory modules may not have been installed correctly or
incorrect modules may have been used.
✎
Insufficient memory error during
operation.
On system boards having integrated Intel video that use
1 MB of memory for video it is normal for POST to have
the memory count 1 MB short.
1. Too many Terminate and Stay Resident programs
(TSRs) are installed. Delete any unnecessary TSRs.
2. There is not enough memory for the application. Check
the memory requirements for the application or add
more memory.
Unit is on but there is no video and the
power LED is blinking red.
Service Reference Guide
Memory is not installed correctly and system is not
booting. Reinstall memory modules.
F–13
Troubleshooting Without Diagnostics
Network
Some common causes and solutions for network problems are listed in the following table.
These guidelines do not discuss the process of debugging network cabling.
Network
Problem
The Remote Wakeup feature is not
functioning.
Possible Solution
1. The feature is not available when using an AUI network
connection; use an RJ-45 network connection.
2. Remote Wakeup is not enabled. Use the network
control application to enable Remote Wakeup.
Network driver does not detect
network controller.
Network controller is disabled. Run Computer Setup and
enable network controller.
Network status link light does not turn
on or flashes.
1. No active network is detected. Check cabling and
network equipment for proper connection.
2. Network connection is not set up properly. Use the
network control application to verify that the device is
working properly.
3. System is configured for AUI connection; link LED does
not apply to AUI connections.
4. Network driver is not properly loaded. Reinstall network
drivers.
5. System cannot autosense the network. Disable
autosensing capabilities and force the system into the
correct operating mode.
Diagnostics reports a failure.
Refer to www.compaq.com/support/files for the latest
version of diagnostics.
1. The cable is not securely connected or is attached
incorrectly. Ensure that the cable is securely attached
to the network connector and that the other end of the
cable is securely attached to the correct device.
2. There is a problem with the cable or a device at the
other end of the cable. Ensure that the cable and
device at the other end are operating correctly.
3. The network controller is defective. Replace the
controller or the system board.
4. Network controller interrupt is shared with an
expansion board. Under the Computer Setup
Advanced menu, change the resource settings for the
board.
F–14
Service Reference Guide
Troubleshooting Without Diagnostics
Network (Continued)
Problem
Possible Solution
Diagnostics passes, but the computer
does not communicate with the
network.
1. Network drivers are not loaded, or driver parameters do
not match current configuration. Make sure the network
drivers are loaded and the driver parameters match the
configuration of the network controller.
2. The network controller is not configured for this
computer. In Windows 98/2000/Me/Windows NT, select
the Network icon at the Control Panel.
3. Network controller interrupt with an expansion board.
Under the Computer Setup Advanced menu, change
the resource settings for the board.
Network controller stopped working
when an expansion board was added
to the computer.
1. Network drivers are not loaded or driver parameters do
not match the current configuration. Make sure that the
drivers are loaded and that the driver parameters
match the configuration of the network controller.
2. The cable is not securely connected or is attached
incorrectly. Ensure that the cable is securely attached
to the network connector and that the other end of the
cable is securely attached to the correct device.
3. Network controller interrupt is shared with an
expansion board. Under the Computer Setup
Advanced menu, change the resource settings for the
board.
4. Network drivers were accidentally deleted when the
drivers for the new expansion board were installed, or
the files containing the network drivers are corrupted.
Reinstall the network drivers, using backup diskettes.
Network controller stopped working
without apparent cause.
1. The files containing the network drivers are corrupted.
Reinstall the network drivers, using backup diskettes or
the Compaq Restore CD.
2. The cable is not securely connected or is attached
incorrectly. Ensure that the cable is securely attached
to the network connector and that the other end of the
cable is securely attached to the correct device.
3. The network controller is defective. Replace the
network controller or system board.
Cannot connect to the network server
when attempting Remote System
Installation.
The network controller is not configured properly. Run
Computer Setup and modify the Embedded NIC Settings.
System Setup utility reports
unprogrammed EPROM.
1. Boot the workstation without the network drivers using
a system boot diskette and reconfigure the controller.
2. Replace the controller.
3. Replace the system board.
Service Reference Guide
F–15
Troubleshooting Without Diagnostics
Resolving Audio Hardware Conflicts
Hardware conflicts occur when two or more peripheral devices contend for the same signal
lines or channels. Conflicts between the audio interface and another peripheral device may
be due to the settings of the base I/O addresses, interrupts, or DMA channels. The audio
interface typically has the following settings:
Item
Base I/O address
FM Synthesizer I/O address
Interrupt
8-bit DMA
Setting
220H
388-38Bh
IRQ 5
Channel 1
To resolve hardware conflicts:
1. Change the hardware settings of your audio card or the peripheral card in your system if
the peripheral card is using the audio interface setting. You can change settings for
integrated audio using Computer Setup.
2. If you are unsure of the settings of the peripheral cards, you can isolate the source of the
problem by temporarily removing all cards and other essential cards such as the disk
controller. After that, add the cards back one at a time until the card that is causing the
conflict is found.
Troubleshooting Using Compaq Intelligent
Manageability Features
The Local Alert Pop-Up Dialog notifies you of an impending or actual hardware failure. If
the computer is connected to a network and the Compaq Insight Management Agents are
installed and configured, a Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) trap (message) is
sent to the specified SNMP-compliant management application.
The Local Alert Pop-Up Dialog also tells you the steps you need to take prior to a hardware
failure to avoid loss of data and damage to the computer. The system administrator can create
a customized action message that might include contact telephone or pager numbers.
To close the Local Alert Pop-Up Dialog, click the Close button. To retrieve fault information
after closing the dialog, run Compaq Insight Personal Edition.
For more detailed information, refer to the online Intelligent Manageability Guide.
F–16
Service Reference Guide
G
System Board and Riser Board
Reference Designators
These reference designators are used on most but not all Compaq system and riser boards.
Designator
Component
CR1
CR2
CR3
CR34
CR35
LED - 3.3V Aux
LED - Power button press
LED - PS_ON, 5.5V Aux
Power ON LED
Hard drive activity LED
E49
E50
E51
J6
J7
Clear Password header
CMOS header
Video pass-through header
BNC
RJ-45 Jack
J8
J9
J10 - 19
J20 - 29
J30
IEEE 1394
Stacked RJ45/Dual USB connector
ISA slots
PCI slots
Riser board socket
J31 - J35
J36
J37
J38
J39
Device bay connectors
AC97 connector
Primary SCSI connector
Secondary SCSI connector
Stacked parallel/SCSI connector
J40
J50
J51
J52
AGP slot
First parallel port
Second parallel port
Double-stacked parallel port
Top
Port B
Bottom
Port A
J53
J54
J66
J67
J68
Parallel port over single Serial Port
Parallel port over Serial Port and Video Port
Keyboard connector (Closest to monitor connector)
Mouse connector
Double-stacked mouse/keyboard connector
Top
Mouse
Bottom
Keyboard
Service Reference Guide
G–1
System Board and Riser Board Reference Designators
Designator
J69
J70
J71
J72
J73
Video connector
Single USB connector
Secondary single USB jack
Microphone jack
Line-in jack
J74
J75
J76
J77
Line-out jack
Headphone jack
Volume control
Double-stacked headphone/microphone connector
Top
Microphone
Bottom
Headphone
J78
Double-stacked line-in/line-out connector
Top
Line in
Bottom
Line out
Stacked serial/audio connector
J80
J81
J82
G–2
Component (Continued)
Primary double-stack USB
Top
Port 2
Bottom
Port 1
Secondary double-stack USB
Top
Port 4
Bottom
Port 3
J83
J113
P1
P2
P3
Triple-stacked audio jack (line in, line out/headphone, microphone)
Video cache connector
P/S connector
Second P/S connector (as required)
Third P/S connector (as required)
P5
P6
P7
P8
Main Power switch and HDD and power LED connector (pins 1-9)
and SCSI LED connector (pins 10-11)
Speaker connector
Audio connector (from CD-ROM)
Chassis fan connector
P9
P10
P11
P12
P15
WOL connector (NIC cable)
Diskette drive connector
Second Audio connector
Alert on LAN NIC connector
AUI connector
P20
P21
P22
P23
P24
Primary IDE connector
Secondary IDE (Multibay) connector
Slimline CD-ROM connector
Header for front audio panel
Header for front panel USB
P25 - P26
P27
P29
P53
P54
Video memory upgrade connector
MultiBay header
SCSI LED connector
First serial port
Second serial port
Service Reference Guide
System Board and Riser Board Reference Designators
Designator
P55
Component (Continued)
P58
P70
Double stack serial port
Top
Serial B
Bottom
Serial A
Riser edge connector (male-mates with J30)
Processor (CPU) fan header for fansink
P71
P89
P100
P120
P124
Secondary CPU fan header for fansink
Floating serial port /COM port header
ITP connector
Secondary chassis fan header
Hood lock header
P125
P216
SW1
SW2
SW50
Hood sensor header
White box chassis fan
Processor speed switch
Security hood switch
Clear CMOS switch
SW51
XBT1
XMM1
XMM2 - XMM5
XU1
Power button switch
Battery socket
Memory slot. DIMM1 or RIMM1 populated and tested
Following memory slots
Primary processor socket
XU2
XU15
Secondary processor socket
ROM socket
Service Reference Guide
G–3
System Board and Riser Board Reference Designators
G–4
Service Reference Guide
H
Model Naming Convention
for Compaq Products
Compaq Deskpro and Professional Workstations
P55/1.4+/40S+/256/2+d
Graphics
D=Deskpro
Workstation
P=Professional
Workstation
D25 = AP250
D30 = DW300
P55 = AP550
P75 = SP750
Processor Speed,
GHz
2nd Processor
Drive
Type
S = SCSI
A = UATA
2nd Hard
Drive
Memory,
MB RAM
2 = 2D
2+ =2D/3D
3M = Mid 3D
3E = Enh. 3D
2X = multi 2 port
4X = multi 4 port
X = graphicless
Optical Device
c = DCD ROM
d = DVD-ROM
r = CDRW
blank = no device
Hard Drive Size, GB
9 = 9.1 GB
18 = 18.5 GB
20 = 20 GB
Service Reference Guide
H–1
Model Naming Convention for Compaq Products
Compaq Evo Workstations
W4S/1.7+/40S+/256R/MXRd
Evo
Workstation
2nd Hard
Drive
W4 = W4000
W6 = W6000
W8 =W8000
Memory
0 = Memory-less
256 = 256 MB
512 = 512 MB
1 = 1GB
W4000 Chassis
C = CMT
S = SFF
Drive
Type
Processor
Speed, GHz
2nd
Processor
Memory Type
S = SCSI
A = UATA
R =RDRAM
S = SDRAM
D = DDR
Hard Drive Size, GB
Graphics
18 = 18.2 GB
36 = 36.4 GB
20 = 20 GB
X = graphicless
EX = Quadro2 EX
MXR = Quadro2 MXR
Pro = Quadro2 Pro
FG2 = FireGL2
45D = Matrox G450 DualHead
20Q = Matrox G200 MMS Quad
55D = Matrox G550 DualHead
Removable Storage
c = CD-ROM
d = DVD-ROM
r = CDRW
z = ZIP
blank = no device
H–2
Service Reference Guide
Model Naming Convention for Compaq Products
Compaq iPAQ Desktop Personal Computers
iPAQL/P733/10b/2/128c
iPAQ =
Legacy Free
iPAQL =
Legacy Lite
Hard Drive
Size, GB
Memory,
MB RAM
Removable Storage
Processor Type
Chipset
C = Celeron
P = Pentium
b = 810e
e = 815e
Processor Speed
b=c+r
c = DVD-ROM
d = DVD-ROM
r = CDRW
s = SuperDisk
z = ZIP
blank = no device
Operating System
2 = Win 2000
4 = Win NT 4.0
5 = Win 95
6=2+4
8 = Win 98
9=5+8
Service Reference Guide
H–3
Model Naming Convention for Compaq Products
Compaq Evo Desktops
D3sS/P1.0/2.0+/6/128c/vmX
Hard
drive
size,
GB
Product
Series
D300v
D300
DD500
2nd
Hard
drive
Operating System
v = D300v
p = paq (MVP)
for D500 only
s = MS Office
software
Form Factor
S = Small Form
Factor
D = Desktop
M = Minitower
m = microtower
SKU Type
/ = SPRP
> = non-SRP
Processor
Type
P = Pentium
C = Celeron
Processor Speed,
GHz
up to 2.0 = P3 2A
(2.0) and above = P4
2 = Win 2000
4 = NT 4.0
6=2+4
8 = Win 98
9 = Win 95/98
k = XP Pro
p = XP Pro/Win 2K
x = XP Home
Memory,
MB
Removable
Storage
b = c+r
c = CD
d = DVD
f = c+d
i = c+z
j = r+z
l = d+z
q = DVD RAM
r = CDRW
z = Zip
blank = no
drive
Graphic Solutions
blank = integrated (Celeron
only)
g = GFrc2 MX200 16 MB
o = GFrc2 MX400 32 MB
v = nVidia TNT2 Pro 16 MB
1 = nM64 16 MB
2 = G200
3 = nM64 32 MB
4 = G450
5 = NV15
n = NIC
m = modem
blank = integrated
NIC
Microsoft Software Application
E = Office XP SBE
O = Office XP Pro
W = Word
X = Office XP Personal
H–4
Service Reference Guide
Index
4-pin power pin assignments A–11
14-pin power pin assignments A–9, A–10
20-pin power pin assignments A–10, A–11
24-pin power pin assignments A–11
815e chipset 10–1
845 chipset 10–2
A
access panel, removal and replacement 9–2
access to computer, controlling 3–10
AGP card
pin assignments A–8
removal and replacement 10–11 to 10–16
retention mechanism 10–11 to 10–16
air baffles, removal and replacement 12–5
Altiris Compaq Client Manager 3–3
Altiris eXpress 3–2, 3–3
Altiris eXpress PC Transplant Pro 3–3
AssetControl 3–10
ATA/ATAPI (IDE) drive cable pin assignments
A–6
B
backup software, ordering 2–18
basepan, removal and replacement 9–32
battery
disposal 6–10
removal and replacement 11–16
blinking power-on light 3–9
board guide
removal and replacement 9–31
board guide, removal and replacement 9–31
Boot Block ROM 3–5
bootable disk, important information 3–21
C
cable
multi-mode SCSI 5–2
proper handling 6–9
SCSI adapter 5–1
cable lock
Kensington 3–21
Kensington cable lock 7–7
provision 3–21
type 1 7–4
type 2 7–5
cable select drive 4–1
Service Reference Guide
card guide, removal and replacement 9–31
cautions
AC power 6–1, 7–1, 9–1, 10–1, 11–1, 12–1
adding devices 1–1
air baffle 12–5
batteries 6–10
cable placement 8–1
cable routing 5–1
cables 6–10, 7–1, 11–8
Compaq Restore CD 1–4
computer chassis 7–9
cooling fan 6–9, 7–1, 7–3, 9–1
cover lock security 3–18
ECC memory 10–2
electrostatic damage 10–5
FailSafe Key 3–19
GPA/AIMM card 10–12
guide screws 8–3
handling RIMMs 10–5
installation 1–1
keyboard cleaning 6–8
keyboard keys 6–8
memory 10–2
protecting ROM 3–5
screws 7–2
subpanel 9–12, 9–30
unnecessary force 9–29
CD-ROM drive
jumper positions 5–5
chain termination, SCSI 5–2
changing operating systems, important
information 3–9
changing password 3–14
chassis fan, removal and replacement 12–4
chassis indicator lights D–1
chassis types, illustrated 6–1, 6–2, 6–3
chipset
815e 10–1
845 10–2
cleaning
computer 6–7
keyboard 6–8
monitor 6–8
mouse 6–8
clearing password 3–15
cloning tools, software 3–1
Index–1
Compaq Configuratoin Record Utility
overview 2–16
running 2–16
Compaq Insight Manager LC 3–4
Compaq Remote Diagnostics Enabling Agent
2–17
Compaq Remote Management Setup 3–4
Compaq Restore CD 1–4
Compaq Restore CD 2–18, 3–1
Compaq Restore CD for Windows NT 2–18
Compaq software. See software
computer
cleaning 6–7
cover, removal and replacement 9–5
diagnostics 2–10
Computer Checkup (TEST) 2–10
Computer Setup
menu 2–4
utilities 2–3, 3–8
configuration
RIMM 10–6
configuring power button 3–8
connector pin assignments A–1 to A–11
controlling access to computer 3–10
convertible minitower
desktop to minitower conversion 9–29
drive removal and replacement 8–2
country-specific power cord set requirements
B–2
cover lock
SMART, removal & replacement 7–3
cover lock security, caution 3–18
cover lock, SMART 3–18
CRIMMs (Continuity RIMMs) 10–5
customizing software 3–1
obtaining 1–6
SCSI 1–2
diagnostic
diskette 2–10
error codes E–1
indicator lights D–1
diagnostic tool for hard drives 3–22
Diagnostics for Windows
installing 2–14
Menu Bar 2–13
overview 2–13
running tests 2–15
ToolBar 2–13
diagnostics, computer 2–10
DIMMs, removal and replacement 10–3
disassembly preparation 7–1
disk, cloning 3–1
diskette emergency repair 1–3
DMI (Desktop Management Interface) 3–10
drive
adapter, removal and replacement 8–4
cable select 4–1
capacities 4–7
device designation 4–1
Drive Protection System (DPS) 3–22
partition size 4–7
protecting 3–22
removal and replacement 8–1 to ??
repartition 1–4
replacement type 4–6
SMART 4–6
dual-state power button 3–8
DVD-ROM drive
jumper positions 5–5
D
ECC Fault Prediction and Prefailure Warranty
3–22
electrostatic damage
caution 10–5
electrostatic discharge. See ESD
emergency repair diskette 1–3
energy savings, settings for 3–9
entering
power-on password 3–14
setup password 3–14
error codes, test
audio E–9
CD-ROM/DVD-ROM E–9
diagnostic E–1
data integrity 3–22
deleting password 3–15
delimiter characters, table 3–15
deployment tools, software 3–1
desk attachment, iPAQ 7–9
desktop
drive removal and replacement 8–7
Desktop Management Interface (DMI) 3–10
desktop, converting to minitower 9–29
desktop, standard
hard drive removal and replacement 8–9
device drivers
installing/upgrading 1–1, 1–3
Index–2
E
Service Reference Guide
diskette drive E–4
hard drive E–6
keyboard E–3
memory E–3
microprocessor E–2
modem communications E–5
network interface E–9
parallel port E–4
pointing device E–10
serial port E–5
special E–10
summary E–1
tape drive E–6
video E–7
error messages, POST C–1 to C–11
ESD (electrostatic discharge)
information 6–5
materials and equipment 6–6
preventing damage 6–5
Ethernet
AUI pin assignments A–2
BNC pin assignments A–1
RJ-45 pin assignments A–2
expansion card
cage, removal and replacement 10–8
removal and replacement 10–10
F
FailSafe
Boot Block ROM 3–6
Key, caution 3–19
Key, ordering 3–19
fan
chassis, removal and replacement 12–4
power supply 6–9
FAT 32 to NTFS conversion 1–5
fault notification 3–21
feet, removal and replacement 9–28
Fingerprint Identification Technology 3–21
formatting disk, important information 3–21
4-pin power pin assignments A–11
14-pin power pin assignments A–9, A–10
front bezel
removal and replacement 9–6, 9–13
removal and replacement
front bezel 9–8
front trim, removal and replacement 9–16
G
graphics card, removal and replacement 10–11 to
10–16
Service Reference Guide
graphics memory cache replacement 10–17
grounding methods 6–6
H
hard drive
diagnostic tool 3–22
proper handling 6–10
Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL) 11–7
headphone pin assignments A–4
heatsink, removal and replacement 11–1
hood sensor, removal and replacement 7–10
I
ID numbers, SCSI 5–1
IDE CD-ROM pin assignments, Slimline A–9
indicator lights D–1
infrared (IR) transceiver, external, pin
assignments A–5
initial configuration 3–1
INSPECT 2–12
installing
RIMM 10–6
Intelligent Manageability 3–10
interior access panel, iPAQ 9–4
internal computer temperature 3–22
invalid system ROM 3–6
iPAQ
desk attachment 7–9
exterior access panel 9–3
front bezel removal 9–9
graphics memory cache replacement 10–17
interior access panel 9–4
legacy module replacement 9–27
MultiBay board replacement 11–15
speaker grill replacement 9–11
system board replacement 11–12, 11–13
top bezel replacement 9–10
IR transceiver. See infrared (IR) transceiver
J
jumper positions
CD-ROM drive 5–5
DVD-ROM drive 5–5
SCSI hard drive 5–4
Zip drive 5–5
K
Kensington cable lock 3–21, 7–7
keyboard
cleaning 6–8
delimiter characters, national 3–15
indicator lights D–1
Index–3
lights, ROM, table 3–6
pin assignments A–1
L
legacy module removal and replacement 9–27
lights, indicator D–1, D–2
line-in audio pin assignments A–4
line-out audio pin assignments A–4
locking Smart Cover Lock 3–18
low voltage differential (LVD) 5–2
M
Master Boot Record Security, setting 3–19
memory
DIMM installation 10–3
expansion 10–1
installing RIMMs 10–5
removing 10–7
memory errors 3–22
memory installation guidelines 10–5
microphone pin assignments A–4
microtower
drive removal and replacement 8–9
model number naming convention
Compaq Deskpro & Professional
Workstations H–1
Compaq Evo Desktops H–4
Compaq Evo Workstations H–2
Compaq iPAQ Desktop H–3
monitor
cleaning 6–8
pin assignments A–6
mouse
cleaning 6–8
pin assignments A–1
MultiBay board, iPAQ, removal and replacement
11–15
MultiBay CD-ROM adapter pin assignments A–7
multiprocessor 11–7
N
national keyboard delimiter characters 3–15
NIC Alert 3–8
non-correctable memory errors 3–22
NTFS, converting to 1–4
O
operating systems, important information about
3–9
ordering FailSafe Key 3–19
Index–4
P
parallel interface pin assignments A–3
partitioning disk, important information 3–21
password
changing 3–14
clearing 3–15
deleting 3–15
power-on 3–13, 3–14
security 3–13
setup 3–13, 3–14
PC Transplant 3–4
PCN (Product Change Notification) 3–4
personal injury, warning 10–5
POST (Power-On Self-Test) 2–1
POST error messages C–1 to C–11
power button
blinking 3–9
configuring 3–8
dual-state 3–8
power cord set requirements
country specific B–2
general B–1
power indicator lights D–1
Power Management 3–9
power supply
fan 6–9
removal and replacement 12–2
surge-tolerant 3–22
power switch, removal and replacement 9–18 to
9–21
power-on password
entering 3–14
setting 3–13
Power-On Self-Test (POST) 2–1
prefailure memory warranty 3–22
preinstalled software image 3–1
processor
recognizing second 11–7
removal and rerplacement 11–1
Product Change Notification (PCN) 3–4
protecting hard drive 3–22
protecting ROM, caution 3–5
R
recovering system 3–5
recovery, software 3–1
Remote Security Management 3–7
remote setup 3–2
Remote System Installation, accessing 3–2
Remote Wakeup and Remote Shutdown 3–7
Service Reference Guide
removal and replacement
access panel 9–2
air baffles 12–5
basepan 9–32
battery 11–16
board guide 9–31
cable lock 7–7
card guide 9–31
computer cover 9–5
convertible minitower drives 8–2
DIMMs 10–3
drive adapter 8–4
drives 8–1 to 8–9
expansion card 10–10
expansion card cage 10–8
fan
standard 12–4
feet 9–28
front bezel 9–6, 9–13
front bezel, iPAQ 9–9
front trim 9–16
graphics card 10–11 to 10–16
graphics memory cache, iPAQ 10–17
heatsink 11–1
hood sensor 7–10
iPAQ
speaker 9–25
iPAQ desk attachment 7–9
iPAQ exterior access panel 9–3
Kensington cable lock 7–7
legacy module, iPAQ 9–27
MultiBay board, iPAQ 11–15
power supply 12–2
power switch 9–18 to 9–21
processor 11–1
riser board 10–9
security bracket 7–4, 7–5
side-mounted hard drive 8–9
speaker 9–23, 9–24
speaker grill, iPAQ 9–11
speaker, iPAQ 9–25
subpanel and bezel blanks 9–12
system board 11–8 to 11–10
system board with screws 11–8
top bezel, iPAQ 9–10
USB panel 9–14
removing
RIMM 10–7
repartition, drive 1–4
required tools and software 6–9
Service Reference Guide
retention mechanism, AGP 10–11 to 10–16
RIMM
configurations 10–6
electrostatic damage, caution 10–5
installation guidelines 10–5
installing 10–6
overview 10–4
personal injury, warning 10–5
removing 10–7
socket
Channel A 10–4
Channel B 10–4
riser board
designators G–1
removal and replacement 10–9
ROM
invalid 3–6
keyboard lights, table 3–6
upgrading 3–5
S
safety precautions 6–7
safety precautions, cleaning 6–7
saving energy 3–9
screws, correct size 6–9
SCSI
cable adapter 5–1
chain termination 5–2
device drivers 1–2
guidelines 5–1
ID numbers 5–1
jumper positions 5–4
multi-mode cable 5–2
pin assignments A–5
SCSISelect utility 5–3
second processor recognition 11–7
security
bar, iPAQ 7–8
bracket 7–4, 7–5
devices 7–3
features, table 3–11
master boot record 3–19
settings, setup of 3–10
serial interface pin assignments A–3
service considerations 6–8
setting
power-on password 3–13
setup password 3–13, 3–14
Smart Cover Sensor 3–18
timeouts 3–9
Index–5
setup
initial 3–1
replicating 3–8
software 1–5
windows 1–1, 1–2
setup password
entering 3–14
setting 3–13
Small Form Factor
diskette drive, removal and replacement 8–6
drive removal and replacement 8–5
hard drive, removal and replacement 8–7
system board removal and replacement 11–10
Smart Cover
FailSafe Key
spare part number 7–3
FailSafe Key, ordering 3–19
Lock, unlocking 3–19
lock, unlocking 7–3
Lock,locking 3–18
Sensor 3–17
Smart Cover Sensor 3–18
SMART drive 4–6, 5–3
software
Altiris eXpress 3–2
AssetControl 3–10
Compaq Insight Manager LC 3–4
Compaq Remote Management Setup 3–4
Compaq Restore CD 2–18
Compaq Restore CD for Windows NT 2–18
Computer Setup Utilities 2–1, 3–8
customizing 3–1
Drive Protection System 3–22
FailSafe Boot Block ROM 3–6
Fault Notification and Recovery 3–21
Fingerprint Identification Technology 3–21
managing 3–2
Master Boot Record Security 3–19
NIC Alert 3–8
ordering 2–18
Power Management 3–9
protecting 2–18
recovery 2–18, 3–1
Remote Management Setup 3–2
Remote Security Management 3–7
Remote System Installation 3–2
Remote Wakeup and Remote Shutdown 3–7
required 6–9
SCSISelect utility 5–3
setup 1–5
Index–6
System Software Manager 3–4
System Software Manager (SSM) 3–4
updating 3–2
updating multiple machines 3–4
spare part number
external cable adapter 5–1
internal cable adapter 5–1
Smart Cover FailSafe key 7–3
wrench, tamper resistant 6–9
speaker
grill removal and replacement, iPAQ 9–11
iPAQ, removal and replacement 9–25
removal and replacement 9–23, 9–24
static electricity 6–5
subpanel and bezel blanks, removal and
replacement 9–12
surge-tolerant power supply 3–22
symbols in text 1–ii
system board
designators G–1
diagnostic lights D–2
general guidelines 11–8
removal and replacement 11–8 to 11–10
iPAQ 11–12, 11–13
system recovery 3–5
System Software Manager 3–4
T
temperature, internal computer 3–22
TEST (Computer Checkup) 2–10
test error codes
audio E–9
CD-ROM/DVD-ROM E–9
diskette drive E–4
hard drive E–6
keyboard E–3
memory E–3
microprocessor E–2
modem communications E–5
network interface E–9
parallel port E–4
pointing device E–10
serial port E–5
special E–10
summary E–1
tape drive E–6
video E–7
thermal sensor 3–22
timeouts, setting 3–9
tools, required 6–9
Service Reference Guide
top bezel, removal and replacement, iPAQ 9–10
troubleshooting using Compaq Intelligent
Manageability F–16
troubleshooting without diagnostics
audio F–10
audio hardware conflicts F–16
diskette drive F–4
display F–6
DVD-ROM/CD-ROM F–12
hard drive F–9
hardware installation F–11
memory F–13
minor problems F–2
network F–14
preliminary checklist F–1
printer F–8
processor F–12
SCSI F–7
20-pin power pin assignments A–10, A–11
24-pin power pin assignments A–11
U
Ultra ATA Integrity Monitoring 3–22
Ultra SCSI pin assignments A–5
unlocking SMART Cover Lock 7–3
unlocking Smart Cover Lock 3–19
upgrading ROM 3–5
USB
card removal and replacement 9–15
Service Reference Guide
panel, removal and replacement 9–14
USB pin assignments A–3
V
View System Information (INSPECT) 2–12
Voltage Regulator Module (VRM) 11–7
W
warnings
battery 6–10
cable lock bracket 7–4, 7–5
hot surfaces 10–3
personal injury 10–5
power 7–8, 8–1
Web sites
www.compaq.com 3–5, 3–7, 3–8, 3–9, 3–19
www.compaq.com/easydeploy 3–3
www.compaq.com/im 3–4
www.compaq.com/im/lc 3–4, 3–11
www.compaq.com/pcn, PCN 3–5
www.compaq.com/solutions/pcsolutions 3–1
www.compaq.com/support/files/index.html
3–4, 3–11
Wired for Management technologies 3–10
wrench, tamper-resistant 6–9, 7–8
Z
Zip drive
jumper positions 5–5
Index–7
Index–8
Service Reference Guide
259968-001
252312-002