Siemens OSM User manual

Preface, Contents
SIMATIC NET
Industrial Ethernet OSM/ESM
Network Management
User Manual
Introduction
1
Important OSM/ESM Functions
2
Command Interpreter (CLI)
3
Web-Based Management (WBM)
4
SNMP and RMON
5
Upgrading/Downloading Software
6
Notes on Troubleshooting
7
Appendix
Internet Browser Settings
A
Connecting a PC with
Hyperterminal to the Serial Port
of the OSM/ESM
B
References
C
Abbreviations/Acronyms
D
Glossar, Index
Release 11/2003
C79000-G8976-C137-08
Classification of Safety-Related Notices
This manual contains notices which you should observe to ensure your own personal safety, as well as to protect the product and connected equipment. These notices are highlighted in the manual by a warning triangle and are marked as follows
according to the level of danger:
!
!
!
Danger
indicates that death or severe personal injury will result if proper precautions are
not taken.
Warning
indicates that death or severe personal injury can result if proper precautions are
not taken.
Caution
with warning triangle indicates that minor personal injury can result if proper precautions are not taken.
Caution
without warning triangle indicates that damage to property can result if proper precautions are not taken.
Notice
indicates that an undesirable result or status can occur if the relevant notice is
ignored.
Note
highlights important information on the product, using the product, or part of the
documentation that is of particular importance and that will be of benefit to the
user.
2
Industrial Ethernet OSM/ESM Network Management
C79000-G8976-C137-08
Trademarks
SIMATICR, SIMATIC HMIR and SIMATIC NETR are registered trademarks of
SIEMENS AG.
Third parties using for their own purposes any other names in this document which
refer to trademarks might infringe upon the rights of the trademark owners.
Safety Instructions Regarding your Product
Before you use the product described here, read the safety instructions below thoroughly.
Qualified Personnel
Only qualified personnel should be allowed to install and work on this equipment
Qualified persons are defined as persons who are authorized to commission, to
ground, and to tag circuits, equipment, and systems in accordance with established safety practices and standards.
Correct Usage of Hardware Products
Note the following:
!
Warning
This device and its components may only be used for the applications described in
the catalog or the technical description, and only in connection with devices or
components from other manufacturers which have been approved or recommended by Siemens.
This product can only function correctly and safely if it is transported, stored, set
up, and installed correctly, and operated and maintained as recommended.
Before you use the supplied sample programs or programs you have written yourself, make certain that no injury to persons nor damage to equipment can result in
your plant or process.
EU Directive: Do not start up until you have established that the machine on which
you intend to run this component complies with the directive 89/392/EEC.
Correct Usage of Software Products
Note the following:
!
Warning
This software may only be used for the applications described in the catalog or the
technical description, and only in connection with devices or software products
from other manufacturers which have been approved or recommended by Siemens.
Before you use the supplied sample programs or programs you have written yourself, make certain that no injury to persons nor damage to equipment can result in
your plant or process.
Industrial Ethernet OSM/ESM Network Management
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3
Prior to Startup
Before putting the product into operation, note the following:
Caution
Prior to startup you must observe the instructions in the relevant documentation.
For ordering data of the documentation please refer to the catalogs or contact your
local SIEMENS representative.
Copyright E Siemens AG 2001 All rights reserved
Disclaimer of Liability
The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its contents is not
permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be liable for
damages. All rights, including rights created by patent grant or registration of
a utility model or design, are reserved.
We have checked the contents of this manual for agreement with the hardware and software described. Since deviations cannot be precluded entirely, we
cannot guarantee full agreement. However, the data in this manual are reviewed regularly and any necessary corrections included in subsequent editions. Suggestions for improvement are welcome.
Siemens AG
Automation and Drives
Postfach 4848, D-90327 Nürnberg
4
Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
Subject Industrial
to technicalEthernet
change. OSM/ESM Network Management
C79000-G8900-C137-08
C79000-G8976-C137-08
Preface
OSM/ESM with Network Management
As of firmware version 2.0, all Industrial Ethernet OSMs (Optical Switch Modules)
and Industrial Ethernet ESMs (Electrical Switch Modules) have integrated
management functions.
These functions provide you with simple methods of modifying settings on
OSMs/ESMs, monitoring OSMs/ESMs, and running network diagnostics. If you
already have OSMs and ESMs, you can upgrade them with the network
management functions by simply downloading new firmware via the serial port.
This user manual describes the functions of firmware version 2.3.5
Note
Upgrading OSMs version 1 (order number 6GK1105-0AA00) or ORMs is not
possible.
The OSM/ESM allows three separate ways of using network management, all of
which are possible at the same time:
S
Web-Based Management (WBM); in other words, operation and diagnostics
using an Internet browser.
S
SNMP Management; in other words, parameter assignment and diagnostics
from one or more management stations.
S
A command interpreter (CLI - command-line interface) accessible both via the
serial port of the OSM/ESM and using TELNET
With remote monitoring (RMON), the OSM/ESM provides you with a wide range of
diagnostic functions for your network. You can, for example, record network load
trends and visualize them on a network management console or you can configure
the OSM/ESM to send traps (alarm messages) to notify you of faults and errors.
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Preface
Note
To use SNMP management, RMON and traps, you require a network
management station. This is not supplied with the OSM/ESM.
Using network management on the OSM/ESM, you can also configure a redundant
coupling allowing several rings or networks to be interconnected redundantly.
Purpose of the Manual
This manual describes the network management functions of the Industrial
Ethernet OSM/ESM. It explains network management with SNMP, Web-Based
Management of OSM/ESM, and how to set parameters with the command
interface.
Aims
With this manual, you should be in a position to use the network management
functions of the OSM/ESM.
Scope of the Manual
This manual is valid for the OSM/ESM with firmware version 2.3 and higher.
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Preface
Notes for the Reader
How you use the manual depends on what you want to do...
S
You want to get to know the functions of the OSM/ESM. First, read the
OSM/ESM manual supplied with the device on CD. This manual can also be
downloaded from the SIMATIC Customer Support Web site under entry number
8677203 at http://www4.ad.siemens.de/view/cs/en/8677203.
S
You want an overview of SNMP and Web-Based Management. Read the
introduction in Chapter 1.
S
You want to know how to use the integrated command interpreter (CLI). This is
explained in Chapters 2 and 3.
S
You want to control the OSM/ESM with an Internet browser or want to get
diagnostic information from the OSM/ESM using a browser. You will find
information on these topics in Chapters 2 and 4 of this manual. Trying out
Web-Based Management is the simplest way of familiarizing yourself with the
management functions of the OSM/ESM.
S
You want to monitor the OSM/ESM from a network management station using
SNMP or want to use the RMON functions of the OSM/ESM. Read Chapter 5 in
this manual.
Finding Information
To help you to find the information you require more quickly, the manual includes
not only the table of contents but also the following sections in the Appendix:
S
Glossary
S
References
S
Index
S
Abbreviations/Acronyms
References
References to other documentation are indicated by the reference number in
slashes /.../. Based on these numbers, you can find the title of the documentation
in the References at the end of the manual.
Target Group
This documentation is intended mainly for users and system administrators who
want to use the network management functions of the OSM/ESM.
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Preface
Audience
This manual is intended for persons with the qualifications required for installation,
operation, and programming of the described product.
If you want to control the OSM/ESM using Web-Based Management, you must be
familiar with the basic functions of an Internet browser and be capable of making
changes to the browser settings. You will find information on the settings required
in Web browsers in the appendix to this manual. It is also assumed that you are
already familiar with the functions of the OSM/ESM as described in the OSM/ESM
manual /1/.
If you want to access the OSM/ESM from a management station using SNMP or
want to use remote monitoring (RMON), it is assumed that you are familiar with
operating the management station (for example, HP Open View or SNMPc from
Castle Rock) and that you know the basic mechanisms of SNMP and Ethernet
switching.
Personnel Qualification Requirements
Only qualified personnel should be allowed to install and work on this equipment .
Qualified personnel as referred to in the operating instructions or in the warning
notes are defined as persons who are familiar with the installation, assembly,
startup and operation of this product and who possess the relevant qualifications
for their work, e.g.:
S
Training in or authorization for connecting up, grounding or labeling circuits and
devices or systems in accordance with current standards in safety technology;
S
Training in or authorization for the maintenance and use of suitable safety
equipment in accordance with current standards in safety technology;
S
First Aid qualification.
Possible Security Risks on Standard IT Interfaces
In various SIMATIC NET components such as OSM/ESM, a wide range of
parameter assignment and diagnostic functions (for example Web Server, Network
Management) are available over open protocols and interfaces. The possibility of
unauthorized misuse of these open protocols and interfaces by third parties, for
example to manipulate data, cannot be entirely excluded.
When using the functions listed above and these open interfaces and protocols (for
example, SNMP, HTTP, Telnet), you should take suitable security measures to
prevent unauthorized access to the components and the network particularly from
within the WAN/Internet.
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Industrial Ethernet OSM/ESM Network Management
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Preface
Caution
We expressly point out that automation networks must be isolated from the rest of
the company network by suitable gateways (for example using tried and tested
firewall systems).
We do not accept any liability whatsoever, whatever the legal justification, for damage resulting from non-adherence to this notice.
If you have questions on the use of firewall systems and IT security, please contact
your local Siemens office or representative. You will find the address in the
SIMATIC NET Catalog IK PI or on the Internet at
http://www.siemens.de/simatic-net.
Further Support
If you have other questions on SIMATIC NET products, please contact your local
Siemens office or representative. You will find the addresses in the SIMATIC NET
Catalog IK PI or on the Internet at http://www.siemens.de/simatic-net.
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1
2
3
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
i
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.1.3
Network Management with SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management for Industrial Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
1-2
1-3
1-4
1.2
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.2.3
Network Management for Industrial Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Signaling Concept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Web-Based Management (WBM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
1-5
1-5
1-6
1.3
Command Interpreter (CLI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-8
1.4
Setting the IP Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-8
Important OSM/ESM Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1
2.1
Autonegotiation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2
2.2
Autocrossover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3
2.3
Transmission Rate and Duplicity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3
2.4
Factory Defaults and Protected Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4
2.5
2.5.1
2.5.2
2.5.3
Filtering Database (FDB Table) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Entries in the FDB Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Displaying and Deleting FDB Entries, Aging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reaction to Spanning Tree Frames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5
2-5
2-6
2-6
2.6
Locked Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-8
2.7
Mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-9
2.8
Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-10
2.9
E-Mail Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-11
2.10
Event Log Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-12
2.11
Time of Day and Time-of -day Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-13
2.12
Flow Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-14
2.13
BOOTP/DHCP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-15
2.14
IP Configuration Using SIMATIC NET NCM PC, SIMATIC STEP 7 or the
Primary Setup Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-16
2.15
TELNET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-17
2.16
Extended Redundant Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-18
2.17
2.17.1
Observer Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Observer Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-21
2-21
2.18
Automatic Download of the Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-23
2.2
Autocrossover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3
Command Interpreter (CLI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1
3.1
3-2
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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4
5
viii
3.2
Password Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2
3.3
Installing the CLI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3
3.4
Login . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4
3.5
CLI Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-5
Web-Based Management (WBM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1
4.1
4.1.1
General Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Restricted Functionality of the OSM/ESM Variants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2
4-2
4.2
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-3
4.3
Connecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-4
4.4
Access Using Web-Based Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5
4.5
User Interface of Web-Based Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7
4.6
Management Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-9
4.7
4.7.1
4.7.2
4.7.3
4-10
4-11
4-13
4.7.4
4.7.5
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Version Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Restart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Factory Defaults
(restoring the defaults) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Save & Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Event Log Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-14
4-15
4-17
4.8
4.8.1
4.8.2
4.8.3
OSM/ESM
OSM/ESM
OSM/ESM
OSM/ESM
Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fault Mask . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standby Mask . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Counters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-18
4-21
4-23
4-25
4.9
4.9.1
4.9.2
4.9.3
4.9.4
4.9.5
4.9.6
Agent Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agent Event Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Digital Input Configuration (only OSMs/ESMs with digital inputs) . . . . . . .
Agent E-Mail Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agent Trap Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agent ARP Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agent SNMP Counters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-27
4-29
4-30
4-31
4-33
4-34
4-35
4.10
4.10.1
4.10.2
4.10.3
4.10.4
Switch Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Current FDB Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Static FDB Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FDB Unicast Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FDB Multicast Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-36
4-38
4-40
4-41
4-43
4.11
4.11.1
Port Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Port Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-45
4-47
4.12
4.12.1
4.12.2
4.12.3
Statistics Counters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Packet Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Packet Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Packet Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-49
4-50
4-51
4-52
SNMP and RMON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1
5.1
5-2
SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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RMON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-3
Upgrading/Downloading Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1
6.1
General Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-2
6.2
Downloading the Firmware via the Serial Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-3
6.3
Downloading Firmware from an TFTP Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-6
7
Notes on Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-1
A
Internet Browser Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-1
A.1
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-2
A.2
Netscape Communicator 6.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-11
B
Connecting a PC with Hyperterminal to the Serial Port of the OSM/ESM . . . .
B-1
C
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C-1
D
Abbreviations/Acronyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D-1
6
Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Glossary -1
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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ix
Introduction
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1
1-1
Introduction
1.1
Network Management with SNMP
The Industrial Ethernet OSMs (Optical Switch Modules) and Industrial Ethernet
ESMs (Electrical Switch Modules) have SNMP and Web Based Management. This
chapter briefly explains the basics of network management with SNMP and
Web-Based Management.
In the past, homogeneous office networks installed with components from one
manufacturer could also be maintained and administered with the proprietary
management systems provided by the manufacturer. Due to the constant increase
in the size of networks and internetworking involving the widest variety of different
network types (for example an intranet), these proprietary management systems
often reach their limits.
The problem was solved in the eighties with the introduction of the Simple Network
Management Protocol (SNMP) by the Internet Activities Board (IAB). This standard
was readily accepted by the network industry and solves the essential tasks of a
network management system.
1.1.1
Function
Client/Server Model
A network management system that uses SNMP works according to the
client/server model. The management station or simply manager (client) can query
status information from the components it is responsible for controlling. These
components can be widely differing devices within the network system, such as
network components, switches, hubs or DTEs such as workstations, PCs or
network printers.
Agent
An agent (server) is installed on all of these devices. This agent that is normally
implemented on the components as software functionality provides the
management system with station-specific data or receives configuration data.
Access to the components by the management station (both reading and writing) is
cyclic and uses the network management protocol (SNMP).
The station data provided by the agent is stored in structured form in the MIB
(Management Information Base, see below).
The agent not only has the task of providing data when requested by the
management station, but can also react event-driven by sending a message known
as a trap to the management station.
Communication between the management station and agents involves only an
insignificant increase in overheads on the network during operation.
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1.1.2
Communication
Protocol
SNMP uses the connectionless protocol UDP (User Datagram Protocol).
Getting Information
To read the required status information, the manager sends a Get request to the
agent of the device. The addressed component answers the request with a
Response message.
Making Settings
To change the current configuration of a managed device, the manager sends a
Set request.
Status changes can be notified to the manager event-driven and without polling by
the agent sending a Trap message.
Management
Application
SNMP Manager
SNMP
Messages
SNMP Managed
Object
SNMP Agent
UDP
UDP
IP
IP
Network Layer
Network Layer
Figure 1-1
SNMP Communication
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1-3
Introduction
Network
management station
with management software
(e.g. PC with CP 1613 or
MOBIC)
100 Mbps
RM
100 Mbps
100 Mbps
Access by the
management station
to the switch module
via SNMP.
10 Mbps
...
Figure 1-2
1.1.3
Communication Between a Management Station and Switch
Management for Industrial Networks
MIB
The MIB is a data structure made up of different variables (management objects)
that can be polled or set by the management system. The variables used for
polling are described in a language independent of the target system.
Thanks to the standardized MIBs and access mechanisms used by all
manufacturers, it is possible to monitor and control a network with components
from a wide range of vendors. Device views allow the management objects to be
displayed graphically in the management system. If there is no device view
available for the component, the objects are represented row-oriented using an
MIB browser.
If additional data is required for network monitoring, this can be defined in private
MIBs by the vendors. This allows values to be polled that are not included in the
standard.
1-4
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Introduction
1.2
Network Management for Industrial Networks
The trend towards larger and larger structures in industrial networks has been
apparent for some time. Vertical integration, in other words the growing together of
industrial networks and office networks, allows transparent access to all data but
also requires integrated diagnostic functions. To meet the new requirements of this
situation, the SIMATIC NET signaling concept using a signaling contact has been
extended to include network management.
1.2.1
Signaling Concept
All active Industrial Ethernet network components have a signaling contact. Using
this digital contact, the network component provides a group signal with which
various statuses can be reported. Using an input module, this signal can then be
passed on to operator control and monitoring systems (for example WinCC) where
it can be visualized. This allows problems in a network to be recognized early and
eliminated. The signaling concept with a signaling contact is a reliable and
adequate monitoring system for small and medium sized networks.
1.2.2
Network Management
For industrial networks extending over large company complexes and linked to
office networks, the signaling concept outlined above is not always suitable for
monitoring the network. Moreover, there are not always suitable I/O cards available
that are capable of reading in these digital signals.
For such networks, SIMATIC NET provides network management functionality
based on SNMP for network monitoring in the OSM/ESM product range.
This allows the new switch modules to be managed, monitored and tested with
every network management tool available on the market, for example, HP Open
View, SunNet Manager or SNMPc from Castle Rock.
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Introduction
1.2.3
Web-Based Management (WBM)
To allow users to introduce network management cost-effectively, Web-Based
Management is available for network management and diagnostics with the
SIMATIC NET switch modules.
With the aid of Web-Based Management, it is possible to address individual
network nodes or DTEs using an Internet browser such as the Netscape
Communicator or Internet Explorer. By using the browser technology, access to
network nodes on different platforms such as WinNT or UNIX is possible. Since
the user is generally familiar with a browser, network management can be learned
quickly and easily.
To allow Web-Based Management, an applet is stored on the OSM/ESM modules
from SIMATIC NET that is loaded with the browser. This applet accesses data
from the MIB of the addressed module dynamically and represents it graphically in
the browser.
Web-Based Management allows access to only one network node at a time. An
overview of all the nodes in the network and their topological arrangement is
possible only with an extensive SNMP-based network management tool.
1-6
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Introduction
Applet of the
addressed
component
(in the example
OSM)
Network management station
with Web browser
Access from
the management
station to the monitored
network node
100 Mbps
...
Figure 1-3
Industrial Network with Management System
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1-7
Introduction
1.3
Command Interpreter (CLI)
In addition to the Web-Based Management, you can also change or query all the
important parameters of an OSM/ESM using a terminal with a V24 interface (for
example a PC with the Windows Hyperterminal program). The terminal is
connected to the serial port of the OSM/ESM. The functions of the OSM/ESM are
manipulated using a simple command interpreter (CLI, Command-Line Interface).
TELNET also provides the same functionality.
1.4
Setting the IP Addresses
You can set the IP configuration (IP address, subnet mask, gateway) using the
following alternative methods:
S
Manually using the Command Line Interface (Chapter 3)
S
Manually using SIMATIC NET NCM PC, SIMATIC STEP 7 or the Primary Setup
Tool (Section 2.14)
S
Automatically using BOOTP/DHCP (Section 2.13)
When supplied, the OSM/ESM has no IP address and BOOTP/DHCP is activated.
To use Web Based Management, Telnet, SNMP, E-Mail, TFTP
(saving/downloading configuration data, firmware update over Ethernet), the
OSM/ESM must have an IP address.
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2
2-1
Important OSM/ESM Functions
2.1
Autonegotiation
In the autonegotiation mode, an electrical OSM/ESM port sets itself automatically
to the transmission rate (10/100 Mbps) of the connected partner device. If the
partner device also supports autonegotiation, the devices further negotiate whether
they will exchange data in the half-duplex or full-duplex mode and full-duplex flow
control.
Note
If an OSM/ESM port that supports the autonegotiation mode is connected to a
partner that does not support this mode, the port of the partner device must be set
to the half-duplex mode.
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Important OSM/ESM Functions
2.2
Autocrossover
Electrical OSM/ESM ports with the autocrossover function are capable of crossing
over the send and receive signals internally in the port. This means that
straight-through or crossover TP cables can be used without causing problems.
To use the autocrossover function:
S
At least one of the two ports must support the autocrossover function.
S
The autonegotiation mode must be set on the port providing the autocrossover
function.
OSM TP22, ESM TP40 and all OSMs/ESMs with order numbers ending in “10” (for
example, 6GK1105-2AA10) provide autocrossover functionality.
Notice
Please note that even when using straight-through cables, an invalid loop can result in the Ethernet network, for example, by linking two ports on one OSM/ESM.
Such a loop can lead to network overload and network failures.
2.3
Transmission Rate and Duplicity
The transmission rate and/or duplicity of the electrical ports can also be set by the
user with network management functions. The values are shown in Table 2-1
below.
The transmission rate and duplicity of a port set by the user only comes into effect
if autonegotiation is turned off for the port.
Table 2-1
Transmission Rate and Duplicity
Ports
Transmission
Rate
Duplicity
Electrical ports
10 or 100 Mbps
Half duplex or full duplex
Optical ports
only 100 Mbps
Only full duplex
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Important OSM/ESM Functions
2.4
Factory Defaults and Protected Settings
Defaults
The OSM/ESM had default settings made in the factory (see 4.7.3Factory
Defaults). The user can query and modify these defaults with WBM, the CLI or
SNMP.
The screenshots of the WBM dialogs in Chapter 4 show the default settings. You
will find further default settings in the private MIB file (see Section 4.7.3).
Restore Memory Defaults and Restart
Using WBM or the CLI, a command is available with which it is also possible to
restore some of the factory defaults.
Apart from the protected settings, all the settings are restored to the factory
setting.
Protected Settings
The protected settings of the OSM/ESM are not modified when you restore the
factory defaults to avoid having to make settings again unnecessarily.
The protected settings are as follows:
IP address, subnet mask, default gateway, system name, system location, system
contact.
Restore Factory Defaults
Using WBM or the CLI, a command is available with which it is also possible to
restore the factory defaults. The factory defaults are also restored if you trigger a
RESET with the button on the front panel of the OSM/ESM, see /1/.
The protected settings are also reset!
If you trigger the function using the CLI or WBM, the device does not start
automatically. You will be prompted to start the device manually. Before you start
manually, you have the opportunity of reconfiguring the device. To be able to
communicate with the device later over the LAN, it is important to specify the IP
address.
Notice
If the device operates as standby master or standby slave, and the user configuration of the linking signal lines does not match the default factory setting, make sure
that you disconnect the signal line(s) before starting the “Factory Default” function.
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Important OSM/ESM Functions
2.5
Filtering Database (FDB Table)
The FDB (Filtering Database ) table is used by the OSM/ESM to decide which port
or ports a received packet is transferred to. The FDB table of the OSM/ESM can
hold up to 7000 addresses.
2.5.1
Entries in the FDB Table
The FDB table contains two types of entries (addresses):
S
Static MAC addresses: These can be entered and deleted by the user with
WBM or SNMP.
S
Learned MAC addresses: These are learned by the OSM/ESM automatically; in
other words they are entered in the FDB table when the module receives
corresponding packets. The OSM/ESM makes an entry in the FDB table
indicating the port at which it learned the address; in other words, the port to
which the node with the corresponding MAC address is connected. After
making this entry, it then passes all received packets for this node to the
relevant port. This mechanism reduces network load. Automatic learning is only
possible when lock disabled is set for the relevant OSM/ESM port, see
Section 2.6. This is the default setting.
Note
S
The OSM TP22 and ESM TP40 do not support static entries in the FDB table.
S
Static addresses are retained when the OSM/ESM is turned on and off or
restarted; learned addresses are deleted.
S
In the redundant manager (RM) mode, no static address entries are possible.
S
No static unicast addresses can be entered for the ring ports.
S
If a port is used for a redundant network link (master and standby link), there
must be no static addresses entered for it.
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2-5
Important OSM/ESM Functions
2.5.2
Displaying and Deleting FDB Entries, Aging
The entries in the FDB table can be displayed by the WBM, see Section 4.10.1.
Static addresses can also be entered or deleted in WBM.
If aging is activated (default), a learned entry (address) is automatically deleted
in the FDB table when no packet with this source address is received within the
aging time.
Aging prevents addresses that are no longer up to date from remaining in the FDB
table permanently. “Aged entries” can, for example, mean that a node that has
been connected to a different OSM/ESM port is no longer obtainable because the
packets intended for it are still sent to the original port.
In WBM and in the CLI, aging can be enabled and disabled and the aging time can
be modified. The default setting for the aging time is 40 seconds.
2.5.3
Reaction to Spanning Tree Frames
When an OSM/ESM is interfaced to a higher-level office network, users often
require this interface to be implemented redundantly. The company network,
however, uses third-party components that do not support fast OSM/ESM
redundancy mechanisms (forming rings and standby links). At other points in the
office network, a mesh topology is used and the resulting loops are eliminated by
the spanning tree protocol (IEEE 802.1D).
As of firmware version 2.3.5, OSMs/ESMs are capable of evaluating spanning tree
frames that report modified configurations in the office network. This allows an
OSM/ESM ring to interface redundantly with an office network based on spanning
tree.
During configuration changes (triggered by topology change events) made in a
connected spanning tree office network, an OSM/ESM reduces its aging time. As a
result, the MAC addresses of all stations (for example PCs) from which no further
frames are received during this shortened time are removed from the address
table. Stations that use new or modified network paths following a change in the
configuration can therefore be reached again more quickly. On completion of the
configuration changes, the OSM/ESM changes back to normal operation.
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Important OSM/ESM Functions
Note
The OSM/ESM passes on all spanning tree frames regardless of the function
described above. The OSM/ESM itself does not send any spanning tree frames.
The times involved in configuration changes depend on the spanning tree
configuration and the network topology. The actual time required to change the
configuration must be determined based on tests.
During modification of a configuration, ”Configuration BPDUs” (configuration
frames) with the ”TC” Flag (”topology change” bit) set are sent repeatedly in a
connected spanning tree network . Based on these frames, an OSM/ESM
recognizes the duration of the changes to the configuration.
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2-7
Important OSM/ESM Functions
2.6
Locked Ports
Locking
Locking is used to make sure that only packets from authorized stations are
passed on by the OSM/ESM.
Lock Enabled
If the lock enabled function is activated for an OSM/ESM port, the OSM/ESM only
passes on packets received at this port if the source address exists in the FDB
table. All other packets are discarded. Learning new addresses is also disabled on
this port; in other words, if a packet with a new source address is received, this
address is not included in the FDB table of the OSM/ESM.
Addresses that have already been learned, are deleted automatically if aging is
activated (see Section 2.5.2). A restart will force all learned addresses to be
deleted immediately.
Lock Disabled
If lock disabled (default setting) is set, the OSM/ESM passes on packets with an
unknown source address received at a port (in other words an address that does
not exist in the FDB table of the OSM/ESM). New source addresses are
automatically learned on this port; in other words, they are entered in the FDB
table.
Programming Authorized Nodes
If you only want the packets from certain authorized nodes to be passed on by the
OSM/ESM, follow the steps outlined below:
1. Enter the MAC addresses of these nodes and the number of the port to which
they are connected in the FDB table of the OSM/ESM using WBM.
2. Set the port to lock enabled.
3. Run an OSM/ESM restart using WBM to delete the learned entries in the FDB
table and to save the configuration. The static addresses in the FDB table are
retained when you restart.
Note
2-8
S
The ring ports cannot be configured with Lock enabled.
S
If a port is used for a redundant network link (master and standby link), it must
not be configured with Lock enabled.
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Important OSM/ESM Functions
2.7
Mirroring
Mirroring for Diagnostics
Mirroring allows you to mirror (copy) the bi-directional data traffic to an OSM/ESM
port (mirrored port) to another OSM/ESM port (monitor port) and to record it with a
protocol analyzer for diagnostic purposes.
Settings
You can set the mirrored and monitor port and activate the mirror function both with
the command-line interface or using WBM. Ports 1 to 6 of the OSM/ESM can be
used as the monitor port.
With the OSM TP22 and ESM TP40 variants, only ports 1 and 2 are permitted as
the monitor ports.
Mirroring Active
If the mirroring function is activated and if the monitor port has a valid connection
to the attached protocol analyzer, the port LED of the monitor port on the
OSM/ESM flashes quickly (4 x short with pause).
Note
Please remember to turn off the mirroring function if you connect a normal DTE to
the monitor port.
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Important OSM/ESM Functions
2.8
Traps
Trap Messages
If certain events occur, the OSM/ESM can generate (SNMP) trap messages and
send them to up to 10 different nodes, for example management stations. By
configuring the management station, the traps can be displayed on the user
interface. An interpreted display is possible only when the corresponding MIB files
can be evaluated by the management station. For example, to obtain a plain
language display of special OSM/ESM functions, the private OSM/ESM MIB file
must be loaded (see Section 4.7.3).
Issuing Traps
If the trap function is activated, traps are issued by the OSM/ESM automatically in
the following situations:
Standard Traps (RFC 1157)
S
After powering up or restarting.
S
At link up, link down; in other words, when the valid connection to the DTE at a
port is interrupted or reestablished.
S
If an SNMP authentication error occurs; in other words, when a network
management station or the Internet browser attempts to access the OSM/ESM
using SNMP requests with the wrong access permission (community name).
RMON Traps (RFC 1757)
S
When certain limit values are violated (high, low) that were configured earlier on
the OSM/ESM by a network management station using RMON.
OSM/ESM-Specific Traps
S
When the OSM/ESM ring is opened/closed by the redundancy manager
(OSM/ESM in the RM mode), see /1/.
S
When there is a switchover between the standby master and standby slave in a
redundant coupling, see /1/.
S
If the error state changes, see /1/.
S
When one of the two power supplies of the OSM/ESM is turned on or off during
operation.
Enabling/Disabling Traps
The issuing of traps can be enabled or disabled by WBM or the command-line
interface.
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Important OSM/ESM Functions
2.9
E-Mail Function
The OSM/ESM has an E-mail function with which an E-mail can be sent
automatically (for example to the network administrator) if an alarm occurs. If the
E-mail function is activated, the OSM/ESM sends an E-mail in the same situations
that lead to a trap being issued (see Section 2.8). The E-mail includes the
identification of the sending OSM/ESM and a description of the cause of the alarm
in plain language. For networks with only a few nodes, this allows simple
centralized network monitoring to be implemented on the basis of an E-mail
system. When an E-mail fault message arrives, the WBM can be started by the
browser based on the identification of the sender so that further diagnostic
information can be obtained.
To use the E-mail function, the following requirements must be met:
S
The E-mail function is activated on the OSM/ESM and the E-mail address of
the recipient is configured.
S
The E-mail function is activated for the particular event (event configuration,
activated for all events as default).
S
There is an SMTP server in your network that can be reached by the
OSM/ESM.
S
The IP address of the SMTP server is entered on the OSM/ESM.
The E-mail function can be activated by WBM or the command-line interface.
Note
Depending on the properties and configuration of the SMTP server, it may be
necessary to adapt the “From” box for the E-mails. Please check with the
administrator of the SMTP server. You can specify the “From” box using WBM,
CLI or by direct SNMP access.
Unless modified, the OSM/ESM uses the following address:
<device_type>@<IP_address>
For example, OSM_ITP62@192.168.0.10
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Important OSM/ESM Functions
2.10
Event Log Table
Events are entered chronologically in the event log table (log book) of the
OSM/ESM.
The events include:
S
all events reported, including those via E-mail and trap,
S
additional error messages if an E-mail server (SMTP) is not accessible or
rejects the E-mail of an OSM/ESM.
The event log table can be read out using the command line interface (see section
3.5) over the Web Based Management (see Section 4.7.5) or using direct SNMP
access. It can hold a maximum of 200 entries. When the number of entries
reaches 201, the oldest entry is deleted (ring buffer).
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2.11
Time of Day and Time- of - day Synchronization
The OSM/ESM has two times:
1. System Up Time:
The time since the OSM/ESM was last restarted. The system up time is added
to every E-mail and every entry in the event log table. After 497 days, the
system up time starts again at 0. This oberflow results from the range of values
of the standard MIB object (OID 1.3.6.1.2.1.1.3).
2. Date and Time of Day:
The date and time of day can be set on the OSM/ESM either manually using a
CLI command or automatically using SIMATIC time-of -day frames. Once the
date and time of day have been set after restarting the device, the date an
time -of -day information is added to E-mails and every event in the event log
table. The date and time of day are NOT buffered if the device is turned off.
The OSM/ESM evaluates the cyclic multicast frames of a SIMATIC time
transmitter and sets the date and time of day accordingly. This allows an absolute
time to be assigned to reported events.
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Important OSM/ESM Functions
2.12
Flow Control
Flow control is a mechanism that reduces the risk of data loss in the network
resulting from overload.
The OSM/ESM supports two flow control mechanisms:
S
Half Duplex Flow Control (Back Pressure) for ports operating in the half
duplex mode. With this type of flow control, the OSM/ESM reduces the packet
rate received at a port if there is overload in the network by generating
additional collisions.
S
Full Duplex Flow Control complying with the IEEE 802.3x standard for ports
operating in the full duplex mode. If there is overload, the OSM/ESM generates
pause packets that stop or re-enable the sending of new packets by the
connected partner device. This is only possible when the DTE supports full
duplex flow control.
Half and full duplex flow control can be activated separately for each port of the
OSM/ESM. If the OSM/ESM port is operating in the autonegotiation mode, the
devices automatically negotiate whether or not the full duplex flow control is
activated. It is also possible to deactivate flow control for all ports of the OSM/ESM
at the same time.
Note
As default, full duplex flow control is deactivated. If you activate this, remember
that this can delay time-of-day synchronization frames.
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2.13
BOOTP/DHCP
If there is a BOOTP or DHCP server in your network, the OSM/ESM can
automatically obtain the following from the server:
S
the IP address,
S
the subnet mask,
S
the IP address of the default gateway,
S
the IP address of the TFTP server,
S
the configuration file (Section 2.17) / or the firmware file name
If the BOOTP/DHCP function is activated on the OSM/ESM (default), BOOTP and
DHCP are always started after starting up the device.
BOOTP and DHCP can only be activated/deactivated together. When started, the
OSM/ESM sends both BOOTP and DHCP frames. If a BOOTP and a DHCP
server reply in the network, the DHCP server will be given priority by the
OSM/ESM.
Note
The BOOTP/DHCP process delays the startup of the device by approximately 40
seconds if the BOOTP/DHCP server is not obtainable. For this reason,
BOOTP/DHCP is deactivated as soon as an IP address is set using WBM, CLI,
direct SNMP access or the Primary Setup Tool.
Note
DHCP provides a mechanism that allows a client to lease an IP address for a
limited lease time. When the lease time expires, the OSM/ESM can no longer be
contacted using its previous IP address. If you use DHCP, please check the
(default) settings of the DHCP server regarding the lease time.
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2-15
Important OSM/ESM Functions
2.14
IP Configuration Using SIMATIC NET NCM PC, SIMATIC STEP 7
or the Primary Setup Tool
Just as several other SIMATIC NET products, the OSM/ESM also supports IP
configuration (IP address, subnet mask, gateway) using SIMATIC NET NCM PC,
SIMATIC STEP 7 or the Primary Setup Tool.
For more detailed information, refer to the documentation of the relevant product.
Note
2-16
S
SIMATIC NET NCM PC and SIMATIC STEP 7 support IP configuration as of
version 5.2. To configure an IP address, the SOFTNET for Industrial Ethernet
option is also required.
S
Assigning the IP address 0.0.0.0 to an OSM/ESM using SIMATIC NET NCM
PC, SIMATIC STEP 7 or the Primary Setup Tool has the effect that
BOOTP/DHCP is activated and BOOTP/DHCP is started immediately (without
a restart of the device).
S
Changes to the IP configuration using SIMATIC NET NCM PC, SIMATIC STEP
7 or the Primary Setup Tool become valid immediately without a restart on the
OSM/ESM.
In contrast, changes to the IP configuration or to BOOTP/DHCP using the
Command Line Interface, Web Based Management or SNMP only take effect
after a restart of the device.
S
The Primary Setup Tool is available from Siemens Automation and Drives
Service & Support on the Internet under entry ID 14929629. You will find this
entry at:
http://www4.ad.siemens.de/view/cs/de/14929629
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Important OSM/ESM Functions
2.15
TELNET
With TELNET, you can operate the CLI of the OSM/ESM via the LAN/Internet. You
can start a TELNET link to the OSM/ESM, for example, by clicking on the console
icon in the login window of the OSM/ESM WBM, see Chapter 4.
Note
A maximum of 3 CLI links (serial + LAN) are possible at the same time.
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2-17
Important OSM/ESM Functions
2.16
Extended Redundant Configuration
Redundant Coupling
With OSMs/ESMs (except for the OSM TP22 and ESM TP40), you can implement
redundant links, see /1/. A redundant coupling is created using two OSMs/ESMs,
one of which is set to the standby slave with the DIP switch (”Stby on”) while the
other operates as the standby master. The standby-sync ports of both
OSMs/ESMs are interconnected using an ITP XP standard cable 9/9, see Figure
2-1.
In the factory default setting, port 1 is monitored by the standby master. In
problem-free operation, data are transferred to the neighboring ring (network) via
this port while there is no data exchange via port 1 of the standby slave. If the
standby master fails or if there is a break on the link to port 1 of the standby
master, the standby slave takes over data exchange.
OSM in
RM mode
OSM ITP 62
OSM ITP 62
OSM ITP 62
1
1
Standby
slave
Standby
master
1
2
OSM ITP 62
OSM ITP 62
1
Port 1
1
Port 1
ESM in
RM mode
2
2
ESM
ITP 80
ESM
ITP 80
ESM
ITP 80
2
2
ESM
ITP 80
ESM
ITP 80
2
2
2
1
2
Figure 2-1
2-18
2
Fiber-optic cable (FO)
ITP XP standard cable 9/9
Redundant Coupling of Network Segments
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Important OSM/ESM Functions
Extended Redundant Configuration with Network Management
The extended redundant configuration of the OSM/ESM (with the exception of the
OSM TP22 and ESM TP40) allows up to 8 rings or networks to be coupled
redundantly with two OSMs/ESMs (see also /1/)
With network management (for example in WBM), each port of the standby master
and standby slave can be configured as a standby port, see Figure 2-2. The other
ports can be used as “normal” OSM/ESM ports.
OSM ITP 62
OSM ITP 62
1
2
2
2
Network 3
Standby
Standby
OSM ITP 62
OSM ITP 62
slave
master
2
Standby ports
1
2
ESM
ITP 80
ESM
ITP 80
OSM ITP 53
OSM ITP 53
1
1
Network 1
Network 2
1
2
Figure 2-2
Fiber-optic cable (FO)
ITP XP standard cable 9/9
Extended Redundant Configuration
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2-19
Important OSM/ESM Functions
In problem-free operation, only the standby ports of the standby master are active
and handle data exchange. If the standby master or the link of one of the standby
ports of the master fails, all standby ports of the master are disabled and the
standby ports of the slave activated so that a functioning configuration is
re-established.
Note
Please remember that the same ports on the standby master and standby slave
must be configured as the standby ports. If an optical port of the OSM ITP62
(order number 6GK1105-2AA00)is used in an extended redundant coupling, it
must have at least hardware version 2.
2-20
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Important OSM/ESM Functions
2.17
Observer Function
The observer function provides further opportunities for error diagnostics and error
protection for redundant rings. It allows malfunctions of the redundancy manager
or bad configuration of a redundant ring to be monitored. The Observer is also
capable of opening the connected ring when the errors are detected (portection
mode). The function is optional and as default deactivated.
OSM
ÒÒÒ
ÒÒÒ
ÓÓÓ
ÓÓÓ
ÔÔÔ
ÔÔÔ
ÔÔÔ
OSM
Port 7 (Port 3 on OSM TP22 and ESM TP40)
ÖÖÖ
ÖÖÖ
OSM in
Observer mode
Figure 2-3
ÔÔÔ
ÔÔÔ
Port 8 (Port 4 on OSM TP22 and ESM TP40)
OSM in
RM mode
OSM
ÓÓÓ
ÓÓÓ
OSM
Redundant Ring Structure with Monitoring of the RM by the Observer
When creating a ring with the Observer, remember the following:
2.17.1
S
The second ring port of the redundancy manager (port 8 on 8-port
OSMs/ESMs, port 4 on 4-port OSMs/ESMs) must be connected with the first
ring port of the Observer (port 7 on 8-port OSMs/ESMs, port 3 on 4-port
OSMs/ESMs) (see Figure 2-3).
S
The OSM/ESM acting as the observer must be switched to the observer mode
using the Command Line Interface (CLI), the command syntax for the observer
is explained in Chapter 3.
S
The firmware version of both the observer and redundancy manager must be
V2.2 or higher.
Observer Error Messages
Observer error messages are signaled using the method (path) selected for alarm
events (Fault State Change - see Agent Event Configuration). These methods are
E-mail, trap and/or event log table entry. The message text is: “Observer detected
error”.
The status (see Table 2-2) is entered in the event log table and can also be
displayed in the CLI OSM menu with the ”Info” command. The display may be
delayed by several seconds.
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2-21
Important OSM/ESM Functions
Table 2-2
Status
2-22
Meaning
Possible Cause
disabled (1)
Observer function is
disabled.
starting (1)
The Observer is
waiting for test frames
from the RM.
monitoring (1)
The Observer
monitors the RM
function. This is the
normal state.
rm error : hardware fault(2)
rm cfg/hardware error
rm error : test frames missing
rm error : rm status mismatch
(2)
Remedy
The Observer was
started but no RM
was found.
Check the cable and
device functions as
well as the correct
wiring between the
Observer and RM.
Error in the
functioning of the RM
Bad wiring , device
and/or wiring
defective
Check the wiring
between the
Observer and RM
according the
instructions. Check
whether cable and
device function
correctly. Problem
indicators are the
traffic and RM LEDs
and the statistics
counters of the ring
ports.
cfg error : more than one
observer
There is more than
one Observer in the
ring.
More than one
Observer in the ring.
Check the device
configuration. Only
one device may be
configured as the
Observer in the ring!
cfg error : more than one rm
There is more than
one RM in the ring.
More than one RM in
the ring.
Check the device
configuration. Only
one device may be
configured as the RM
in the ring!
cfg error : rm sw-version
The firmware on the
RM is incompatible.
Incompatible software
versions of Observer
and RM devices
Check the software
version of the RM.
cfg error : rm on wrong port
The RM is connected
to the wrong port of
the Observer.
Wiring error
Connect the
Observer to the RM
as described in the
instructions.
rm timeout
The Observer is no
longer receiving test
frames.
Device and/or wiring
fault/error
Check whether cable
and device function
correctly. Problem
indicators are the
traffic LEDs and the
statistics counters of
the ring ports.
(1):
do not appear in the event log table.
(2):
in the protection mode, in addition to the event log entry, port 7
(port 3 on the OSM TP22 ESM TP40) is set to passive
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Important OSM/ESM Functions
2.18
Automatic Download of the Configuration
If the file name and folder of a configuration file is specified on the BOOTP server
or DHCP server, the BOOTP/DHCP client of the OSM/ESM can trigger an
automatic download of the configuration data over TFTP.
Requirements
The BOOTP and TFTP servers must be configured and started on the same
station under one IP address. BOOTP must be activated on the OSM.
The following additional settings are necessary:
S
on the BOOTP server or DHCP server:
The file name of the configuration file and path to the folder
S
On the OSM:
The entered name of the configuration file corresponds to the factory setting
“Not Defined Yet”.
When an OSM/ESM is started with the factory settings, a BOOTP query is started.
The OSM/ESM then receives the following information from the BOOTP server:
S
IP address, subnet mask and default gateway of the OSM/ESM
S
IP address of the TFTP server (identical to the IP address of the BOOTP
server)
S
File name of a firmware or configuration file.
The OSM/ESM then loads the first bytes (identification data) of the file ”file name”
from the TFTP server and checks whether this is a suitable configuration file based
on this identification data. If the file is suitable, this OSM/ESM configuration is
accepted by the OSM/ESM and the file name is saved as the “Configuration File
Name”. If the file is not suitable, the OSM/ESM assumes that the file name
supplied via BOOTP/DHCP is a firmware file and enters it as the firmware file
name.
When the OSM/ESM restarts, the configuration file is not automatically loaded
because the name of the configuration file is stored on the OSM/ESM and does
not correspond to the factory setting “Not Defined Yet”.
Note
Please note that the IP configuration received from the BOOTP server or DHCP
server is retained and the IP configuration from the configuration file is not
adopted. The IP configuration contained in the configuration file is only adopted
when the file is loaded manually.
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2-23
Command Interpreter (CLI)
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3
3-1
Command Interpreter (CLI)
3.1
Overview
The CLI is required for the following:
S
To set the IP address and the subnet mask of the OSM/ESM. This information
is necessary so that the OSM/ESM is obtainable with SNMP, Web-Based
Management or TELNET.
S
To assign new passwords for the OSM/ESM.
S
To read or modify OSM/ESM parameters as an alternative to SNMP or
Web-Based Management.
The CLI can be accessed via the serial port of the OSM/ESM or using TELNET.
(The OSM/ESM must already have an IP address/subnet mask. After a new IP
address has been assigned, TELNET must be restarted.)
Note
To make sure that your last configuration changes are saved, use the “Restart”
command in the CLI or WBM before you turn off the power to the device. All
configuration changes are entered in the flash memory after approximately one
minute or following a restart.
3.2
Password Protection
Access using the CLI is password-protected. You can log in as administrator or
as user (with different passwords). An administrator can read and modify
OSM/ESM parameters, a user can only read OSM/ESM settings (see Service
menu in Section 3.5)
3-2
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Command Interpreter (CLI)
3.3
Installing the CLI
The CLI is accessible via the serial port of the OSM/ESM or via TELNET.
Serial Port
Connect a PC (or if preferred a VT100 operator terminal) to the serial port of the
OSM/ESM. Use the Hyperterminal program available under Windows on the PC.
(Please refer to the instructions in Appendix B of this manual).
PC
OSM ITP 62
Null modem
Figure 3-1
CLI Via the Serial Port
CLI via TELNET
The CLI functions are also available using TELNET, see Figure 3-2. The
OSM/ESM must already have a valid IP address and a subnet mask. If the
operator PC is in a different subnet on the OSM/ESM, the default gateway must
also be configured on the OSM/ESM before access is possible using TELNET.
PC
OSM ITP 62
LAN/Internet
Figure 3-2
CLI via TELNET
A TELNET link to the OSM/ESM can, for example, be started in the login window
of Web-Based Management by clicking on the console icon, see Chapter 4.
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3-3
Command Interpreter (CLI)
3.4
Login
Once the connection has been established via the serial port or using TELNET, the
following prompt appears:
Login:
Type in admin (for administrator) or user (for user) according to your access
permission and then press [Return].
Password:
Enter your administrator or user password and press [Return].
Note
If no new passwords were assigned (factory default), the valid password is admin
for administrator and user for user.
If the password is lost, the OSM/ESM can be reset to the default values by
pressing the button on the front panel, see Section 2.4. The passwords admin or
user are then valid again.
Please note that after logging in via the serial port, commands can be entered until
you log out with the exit command. Disconnecting the cable does not close the
session.
The CLI then displays the start menu and the prompt
CLI>
You can now activate the commands of the CLI.
3-4
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Command Interpreter (CLI)
3.5
CLI Commands
This section explains the commands of the CLI, their functions and syntax.
Commands
The commands that are available depend on the access level; in other words,
whether you logged in as user or as administrator. Table 3-2 contains an overview
of the commands available for the administrator and user. The command-line
interface provides functions comparable with those available in Web-Based
Management. You should therefore also refer to the detailed explanations of the
parameters available in Web-Based Management in Chapter 4.
Symbols
Table 3-1 explains the symbols used with the CLI commands.
Table 3-1
Symbols of the CLI Commands
Symbol
Meaning
<>
Mandatory entry
|
Used to separate possible alternative input values in a command. The
factory default is shown on the extreme left. Only one of the possible
values can be selected.
Example:
aging <E|D>: You must either enter aging E (aging enabled) or
aging D (aging disabled), E is the default.
[]
Optional parameters. These options are used, for example, to be able
to address several port numbers at the same time. The individual
optional extensions are separated by commas; you can address
groups using dashes.
Example:
If you enter the numbers 2,5- 8 in the [ports] field of a command, this
command applies to ports 2 and 5 to 8.
()
Description of the commands.
Fast Input
To enter a command quickly, write the first letter or letters and then press the [Tab]
key. If the required command is not shown, press the [Tab] key again.
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3-5
Command Interpreter (CLI)
Example
The following example illustrates how to use CLI commands.
Example:
The command status <E | D> [ports] is used to enable or disable OSM/ESM
ports. The user enters the following: status followed by a blank and then the
mandatory setting either E (= enable) or D (= disable) and then the optional port
numbers as described in Table 3-1. If you do not enter a port number, the
command applies to all ports.
S
To enable the ports 2, 3, 4 to 6:
Enter status E 2,3,4-6 and confirm with [Return].
S
To disable ports 1 and 4 to 6:
Enter status D 1,4-6 and confirm with [Return].
Note
The example refers to the 8-port variant of the OSM/ESM.
CLI Menus and Description
The following tables contain the commands, CLI menus and a brief description. If
there are several alternatives for a command parameter, the default is always the
value to the extreme left.
3-6
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Command Interpreter (CLI)
Start Menu
You can display all the other menus from the start menu. This is displayed
immediately after you login and includes the following commands:
Table 3-2
Commands in the Start Menu
Command
Description
Comment
/
Returns you to the start menu
(available in every menu)
?
Displays the current menu again
(available in every menu)
restart
Restarts the OSM/ESM (available in
every menu).
exit
Closes the CLI/TELNET session.
(available in every menu.)
info
Displays status information about the
OSM/ESM.
For explanations of the displayed
parameters, see below or refer to the
glossary.
SYSTEM
Opens the SYSTEM menu.
The SYSTEM menu is used to set the
system parameters and to download the
OSM/ESM firmware over a TFTP server.
OSM
Opens the OSM/ESM menu.
You make the OSM/ESM-specific
settings (for example fault mask) in the
OSM menu.
AGENT
Opens the AGENT menu.
You can enter the settings for network
management (for example IP address) in
the agent menu.
SWITCH
Opens the SWITCH menu.
You can make global settings for the
OSM/ESM in the switch menu.
PORT
Opens the PORT menu.
The port menu is used to set the
parameters of the OSM/ESM ports.
SERVICE
Opens the SERVICE menu.
In the SERVICE menu, you can change
the password for CLI/TELNET.
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Administrator only.
3-7
Command Interpreter (CLI)
System Menu
In the System menu, you can make settings required for downloading new
OSM/ESM firmware from a TFTP server and for other system functions.
Table 3-3
Settings in the System Menu
Command
Description
Comment
info
Displays the current system settings.
For explanations of the displayed
parameters, see below or refer to the
Glossary.
defaults
Restores the defaults of the OSM/ESM
(complete reset).
Administrator only
The protected settings are also reset to
their default values.
memreset
Restores the defaults of the OSM/ESM.
The device is automatically restarted.
Administrator only
This command restores the factory
settings of the OSM/ESM. With the
exception of the ”protected settings” (see
Section 2.4), the settings made by the
user are reset to the default values.
setsysc<string>
Sets the syscontact MIB variable. (To
insert a blank in a string, use the tilde (~)
instead of a blank.)
Administrator only
setsysl <string>
Sets the syslocation MIB variable. (To
insert a blank in a string, use the tilde (~)
instead of a blank.)
Administrator only
setsysn <string>
Sets the sysname MIB variable. (To insert Administrator only
a blank in a string, use the tilde (~)
instead of a blank.)
time [date] [time]
With this command, you can display or
set the date and time of day of the
OSM/ESM.
Only the administrator can change the
date and time of day.
Example: time MM/DD/YYYY hh:mm
In the display of the date and time of day,
you can also see when it was set. An (m)
after the date/time of day means that it
was set manually. A (t) means that it was
set by a time -of-day frame but that it is
not synchronized. A (s) means that it was
set via time -of-day frame and that it is
synchronized with time transmitter.
events
<show | clear>
Show | Clear content of the event log
table.
Only the administrator can deleted the
event log table.
The event log table contains all the
events that (when enabled) cause traps
or E-mails. Other fault/error events such
as communication errors are also logged
with the SMTP server.
The content of the event log table is
retained even when the OSM/ESM is
turned off.
3-8
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Command Interpreter (CLI)
Table 3-3
Settings in the System Menu
Command
Description
Comment
addlog <text>
This command makes an entry in the log
of the OSM/ESM. To insert a blank in a
string, use the tilde (~) instead of a blank.
Administrator only
server
<IP address>
Sets the IP address of the TFTP server
from which the new firmware for the
OSM/ESM will be downloaded.
Administrator only
fwname
< filename>
Enters the name of the file on the TFTP
server containing the new OSM/ESM
firmware (max. 32 characters) possibly
including further path information
(depending on the configuration of the
TFTP server). To enter a name with
blanks, use the tilde (~) instead of a
blank.
Administrator only
fwload
Starts the firmware download from the
TFTP server.
Administrator only
cfgname
<filename>
Enters the name (max. 32 characters)
under which the OSM/ESM configuration
is loaded or stored as a file on the TFTP
server. Depending on the configuration of
the TFTP server, this may also include
further path names. To enter a name with
blanks, use the tilde (~) instead of a
blank.
Administrator only
cfgsave
Stores the OSM/ESM configuration as a
file on the TFTP server.
Administrator only
cfgload
Loads the OSM/ESM configuration as a
file from the TFTP server.
Administrator only
logname
<file name>
Enters the name (max. 32 characters)
under which the OSM/ESM log is stored
as a file on the TFTP server. Depending
on the configuration of the TFTP server,
this may also include further path names.
To enter a name with blanks, use the tilde
(~) instead of a blank.
Administrator only
logsave
Saves the OSM/ESM log as a file on the
TFTP server.
Administrator only
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3-9
Command Interpreter (CLI)
OSM/ESM Menu
This menu includes special OSM/ESM settings, for example setting the fault mask.
Table 3-4
Settings in the OSM Menu
Description
Command
Comment
info
Displays the current values of the
OSM/ESM setting.
For explanations of the parameters,
see below or refer to the Glossary.
link <E | D> [ports]
Enable | Disable link monitoring.
Administrator only
Link monitoring is part of the fault
mask of the OSM/ESM, see /1/. The
signaling contact and the fault LED of
the OSM/ESM are activated when a
port whose link monitoring is
activated has no valid link.
power <E | D> [lines]
Enable | Disable monitoring of the
power supply lines L1 and L2.
Example:
power E 1,2 enables monitoring for
both power supply lines.
standby <E | D> [ports]
Enable | Disable standby ports see
Section 2.16.
This command specifies which ports
are standby ports.
counters
Displays the results of the OSM/ESM
counters.
Administrator only
Monitoring of the power supply lines
L1 and L2 is part of the fault mask of
the OSM/ESM, see /1/. The signaling
contact and fault LED are activated
when there is no voltage on a
monitored power supply line or when
the voltage is too low (less than
14 V).
Administrator only
Not for OSM TP22 and ESM TP40
Meaning of the counters:
Changes to RM active state:
Indicates how often the OSM/ESM
acting as RM closed the ring.
Max. delay of RM test packets:
Indicates (in ms) the maximum delay
of the test packets sent by the RM.
(The delay should not exceed 50 ms.)
Changes to Standby active state:
Indicates how often a standby slave
took over the data exchange in a
redundant coupling (see 2.16
Signaled faults: Indicates how often
the signaling contact of the
OSM/ESM was activated, see /1/
resetc
3-10
Resets the OSM/ESM counters.
Administrator only
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Command Interpreter (CLI)
Table 3-4
Settings in the OSM Menu, continued
Command
Description
observer <E | D | R | P>
Start the Observer without the
protection mode (enable), deactivate
the Observer (disable), restart the
Observer (restart), and start the
Observer with the protection mode
activated (protect). The operating
status of the Observer can be read
out using the Info command.
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Comment
Administrator only
3-11
Command Interpreter (CLI)
Agent Menu
The agent menu includes settings required to access the OSM/ESM using an
Internet browser, SNMP management or TELNET.
Table 3-5
Settings in the Agent Menu
Command
Description
Comment
Info
Displays the current agent settings.
For explanations of the displayed
parameters, see below or refer to the
Glossary.
ip <IP address>
Enters the Internet protocol address of
the OSM/ESM.
Administrator only
The IP address must be entered if you
want to access the OSM/ESM using
an Internet browser, TELNET or
SNMP. The IP address can also be
assigned automatically by
BOOTP/DHCP.
The IP address is entered as usual in
four fields each with a maximum of 3
decimal digits separated by periods,
for example: 142.11.7.53
subnet <IP address>
Subnet mask.
The subnet mask is entered as usual
in 4 fields each with a maximum of 3
decimal digits separated by periods,
for example: 255.255.0.0.
Administrator only
The subnet mask must be entered if
you want to access the OSM/ESM
using an Internet browser, TELNET or
SNMP.
gateway
<IP address>
Sets the default gateway IP address,
address format see above.
Administrator only
The gateway IP address must be
entered if you want to access the
OSM/ESM via a gateway.
smtp <IP address>
Sets the IP address of the SMTP
server, address format see above.
Administrator only
email <address>
Enters an E -mail address to which
messages, for example alarms can be
sent (up to 50 characters).
Administrator only
The entry is in the standard format
user@host.domain
mail <D | E>
Disable | Enable the E-mail function,
see Section 2.9
Administrator only
from <address>
Sets the “from” field (up to 50
characters) of the E -mail function.
Administrator only
Default
OSM@ <IP -address> or
ESM@<IP-address>, see Section 2.9.
bootp <D | E>
Disable | Enable BOOTP/DHCP, see
Section 2.13.
Administrator only
rmon <D | E>
Disable | Enable RMON, see Section
5.
Administrator only
Not for OSM TP22 and ESM TP40
telnet <E | D>
Enable | Disable TELNET,see Section
2.15.
Administrator only
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Command Interpreter (CLI)
Table 3-5
Settings in the Agent Menu
Command
snmp <E | D>
Description
Enable | Disable SNMP.
Comment
Administrator only
SNMP must be enabled if you want to
access the OSM/ESM with the Internet
browser or using SNMP.
traps <E | D>
Enable | Disable traps, see Section
2.8.
showtrap
Shows the current trap configuration.
settrap
<entry> <IP> <E| D>
Sets a trap recipient as an entry in the
trap configuration.
Administrator only
Administrator only
entry: Trap entry 1 - 10
IP:
IP address of the trap recipient
Enable | Disable this trap recipient.
setrmon
This command is only used internally
to store and load the configuration.
Administrator only
getcomm <string>
Sets a read-only community string (up
to 32 characters). The default is
public.
Administrator only
setcomm <string>
Sets a read-write community string (up
to 32 characters). The default is
private.
Administrator only
Not for OSM TP22 and ESM TP40
ping [count] [size] <IP> Sends a ping to the specified IP
address.
Example:
ping -c 10 -s 128 192.168.1.1
Ten (count) pings with a frame length
(size) of 128 bytes are sent to IP
address 192.168.1.1.
showec
Shows the current event configuration.
setec <event> <E |
D><E | D><E | D>
Sets an entry in the event
configuration. Enable | Disable this
entry.
Administrator only
showdis
Shows the state of the digital inputs of
the device.
Only OSM/ESM with digital inputs
showdic
Shows the configuration of the digital
inputs of the device.
Only OSM/ESM with digital inputs
setdname <input>
<name>
With this function, you can assign a
symbolic name (string) with a length of
up to 64 characters to each digital
input. (To insert a blank in a string, use
the tilde (~) instead of a blank.)
Administrator only
Only OSM/ESM with digital inputs
Example: setdname 5 doorcontact
Assigns the symbolic name
doorcontact to digital input 5 of the
OSM BC08.
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Command Interpreter (CLI)
Table 3-5
Settings in the Agent Menu
Command
setdic <input>
<E | D> <E | D>
<E | D>
Description
With this function, you can set the
event configuration of the digital
inputs.
Enable/disable mail, trap, log
Comment
Administrator only
Only OSM/ESM with digital inputs
Example: setdic 5 E E E
If digital input 5 is set, an E -mail is
sent, a trap is sent, and an entry is
made in the log.
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Command Interpreter (CLI)
Switch Menu
In the switch menu, you can make global settings for the OSM/ESM.
Table 3-6
Settings in the Switch Menu
Command
Description
Comment
info
Displays the currently active settings in
the switch menu.
For explanations of the displayed
parameters, see below or refer to the
Glossary.
aging <E | D>
Enable | Disable aging.
Administrator only
When aging is activated, a land address
is automatically deleted in the FDB table
of the OSM/ESM if no packet is received
from the station with the relevant MAC
address within the aging time.
agetime
<seconds>
Setting for the aging time in seconds.
The default is 40 seconds.
Administrator only
fdbpoll
<seconds>
Sets the interval at which the copy of the
filtering database kept internally on the
OSM/ESM is updated.
Administrator only
mirror <D | E>
Enable | Disable mirroring.
Administrator only
Mirroring allows the data exchange at
one OSM/ESM port (mirrored port) to be
mirrored to another port (monitor port)
where it can be recorded with a protocol
analyzer, see Section 2.7
m_ports
<src> <dest>
Selects ports for ”mirroring”, see Section
2.7.
src – (mirrored) port, i.e. the port whose
data exchange will be recorded.
Administrator only
For service purposes only
(The default is 2)
dest – (monitor) port, i.e. the port to
which the protocol analyzer is connected.
(The default is 1)
baud <9600 |
19200 | 38400 |
115200>
Sets the transmission rate of the serial
port. The default is 115200.
Administrator only
flow <D | E>
Enable | Disable the flow control for all
OSM/ESM ports, see Section 2.12.
Administrator only
find
Finds a MAC address in the FDB table of
< MAC address > the OSM/ESM. Also specifies the ports to
which a received packet with this
(destination) address is sent.
The address must be entered in
hexadecimal with blocks of two
hexadecimal digits separated by
hyphens, for example:
09: -00: -06: -01:FF:EF
lt
Displays the content of the FDB table of
the OSM/ESM, see Section 2.5.
The addresses are displayed in
hexadecimal. The ports to which the
address is assigned are also displayed.
macuni
<MAC> <port>
Sets a static entry of a unicast address in
the address table.
Administrator only
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Command Interpreter (CLI)
Table 3-6
Settings in the Switch Menu
Command
Description
Comment
macmulti
<MAC>
<port1,port2,..>
Sets a static entry of a multicast address
in the address table.
Administrator only
macerase
<MAC address>
Deletes a static entry of an address in the
address table.
Administrator only
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Command Interpreter (CLI)
Port Menu
In this menu, you can make port-specific settings for the individual OSM/ESM
ports.
Table 3-7
Settings in the Port Menu
Description
Command
info [port]
Displays the current settings of the
OSM/ESM ports.
The actual status of the ports.
cfg [port]
Comment
For explanations of the displayed
parameters, see below or refer to the
Glossary.
Displays the configured settings of
the OSM/ESM ports.
The desired status of the ports.
stat <S|T| E | clear>
[port]
Shows the counter readings
- of the frame length (S)
- of the frames (T)
- of the errors (E)
of the selected port.
The counters are reset with clear.
Examples:
show S 1,3 -5
Shows the frame length of ports 1
and 3 through 5.
name <port > <string>
With this function, you can assign a
Administrator only
symbolic name (string) with a length
of up to 64 characters to each
OSM/ESM port. (To insert a blank in a
string, use the tilde (~) instead of a
blank.)
Example:
name 5 Management~Port
Assigns the symbolic name
Management Port to port 5 of the
OSM/ESM.
status <E | D> [port]
Activate | Deactivate OSM/ESM
ports.
Administrator only
Deactivated OSM/ESM ports are
disabled for data exchange.
fd_flow <E | D> [port]
autoneg <E | D> [port]
Enable | Disable full duplex flow
control.
Administrator only
Enable | Disable autonegotiation.
Administrator only
This flow control is effective when the
selected ports operate in the full
duplex mode and when flow control is
activated in the Switch menu.
Only the 10BASE T/ 100BASE TX
ports can be switched to the
autonegotiation mode.
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Command Interpreter (CLI)
Table 3-7
Settings in the Port Menu
Command
Description
Comment
lock <E | D> [port]
Enable | Disable the Lock port
property, see Section 2.6.
Administrator only
hd_flow <E | D> [port]
Enable | Disable half duplex flow
control.
Administrator only
Displays | Sets transmission rate/
duplicity of the ports
Administrator only
(The transmission rate and duplicity
of a port set by the user only takes
effect if autonegotiation is disabled for
this port.
speed <? |10H |10F…>
[ port]
This flow control is effective when the
selected ports operate in the half
duplex mode and when flow control is
activated in the Switch menu.
? displays the possible settings for
the transmission rate and duplicity of
the ports.
10H - - set 10 Mbps, half duplex.
10F - - set 10 Mbps, full duplex.
100H - - set 100 Mbps, half duplex.
100F - - set 100 Mbps, full duplex.
When autonegotiation is disabled, the
transmission rate and duplicity of an
OSM/ESM port must match the
transmission rate and duplicity of the
connected partner device.
Service Menu
Table 3-8
Settings in the Service Menu
Command
Description
Comment
info
Shows the basic settings of the
OSM/ESM such as the MAC
address, IP address, hardware
and firmware versions.
passwd [admin | user]
Allows the entry of a new
password for the administrator or
user.
3-18
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Web-Based Management (WBM)
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4
4-1
Web-Based Management (WBM)
4.1
General Introduction
The OSM/ESM includes integrated Web-Based Management; in other words, it
can be operated using an Internet browser. The modules are operated using a
Java applet stored on the OSM/ESM that is loaded by the browser. To access the
OSM/ESM, the IP address must be entered in the address field of the browser. If
there is a DNS server in your network that can interpret the address of the
OSM/ESM, you can also access the module using the logical name.
4.1.1
Restricted Functionality of the OSM/ESM Variants
OSM TP22
ESM TP40
- These OSM/ESM variants support only four ports.
- Only four digital inputs are supported.
- RMON is not supported.
- Extended redundant coupling is not supported.
- No FDB configuration
OSM TP62,
OSM TP62-LD,
OSM ITP62,
OSM ITP53,
ESM TP80,
and
ESM ITP80
with order
numbers ending
in “00” e.g.
6GK1105-2AA00
4-2
- No digital inputs.
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4.2
Requirements
To access an OSM/ESM using WBM, the following requirements must be met:
Internet Browser
You require a PC with an Internet browser. As the Internet browser, we
recommend a Netscape Communicator, Version 4.7 or a Microsoft Internet
Explorer, Version 5.0 or higher.
Before your Internet browser will work with the OSM/ESM, you must make the
correct settings in the browser. For more information, refer to Appendix A of this
manual.
Address Settings
If you operate your OSM/ESM in the same subnet as your PC/Internet browser,
you must first make the following settings via the CLI (serial port of the
OSM/ESM):
S
The IP address of the OSM/ESM. (The IP address can be set with the CLI
command ip <IP address> , see also Section 3.5). As an option, the IP
address can also be assigned automatically using a BOOTP server, see also
Section 2.13.
S
The subnet address of the OSM/ESM (CLI command subnet < IP address>,
see also Section 3.5).
If your PC/Internet browser is in a different subnet from the OSM/ESM (subnets
connected by a router), you must also set:
S
The default gateway of the OSM/ESM (CLI command gateway < IP address>
).
As an option, these parameters can also be loaded from a BOOTP/DHCP
server.
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Web-Based Management (WBM)
4.3
Connecting
Connect the Internet browser station and the OSM/ESM with the following
configuration.
PC
OSM ITP 62
LAN
Figure 4-1
4-4
Internet Browser Connection
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4.4
Access Using Web-Based Management
You can access the OSM/ESM using WBM as follows:
1. Open the Internet browser.
2. Enter the IP address or the URL of the OSM/ESM in the address box of the
Internet Browser as follows:
http://<IP address of OSM/ESM> e.g. http://142.11.7.8
and confirm with [Return].
3. When the “Login” window appears (Figure 4-2), select admin or user in the
Login ID box (to select the access level). If you log in as administrator
(admin), you have both write and read access; in other words you can change
settings on the OSM/ESM. As user, you only have read access; in other words
you can read out settings, counter values etc. but cannot modify them.
Figure 4-2
“Login” Window
In the login window, you can also establish a TELNET link to the OSM/ESM by
clicking the console icon. If you click the support or SIEMENS icon, you
automatically open the A&D home page.
4. Now enter the password and confirm by clicking the OK button.
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4-5
Web-Based Management (WBM)
Note
If no new passwords have been assigned, the valid password is the default admin
(to use WBM as an administrator, for example with write/read permissions) and
user (to use WBM as a user with read permissions only).
The admin and user passwords can only be modified via the CLI, see 3.5.
If you lose the password, you can reset the OSM/ESM to the original defaults with
the button on the front panel, see Section 2.4. The admin or user passwords are
then valid again.
As a reaction to the login, a web applet is loaded from the OSM/ESM. The
following WBM startup window is displayed (see Figure 4-3).
Figure 4-3
4-6
WBM Startup Window
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Web-Based Management (WBM)
4.5
User Interface of Web-Based Management
The dialogs of the OSM/ESM WBM are made up of a device status field, a menu
tree, and a data window.
Device status
Menu tree
Data window
Figure 4-4
SIMATIC NET Network Management User Interface of the OSM/ESM
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Web-Based Management (WBM)
Device Status Field
The displays in the device status field correspond to the LEDs of the OSM/ESM,
see /1/. The swapping over of the meaning of the port LEDs and the power LEDs
(with the display button) is not implemented. Instead of this, the transmission rate,
duplicity and the fault mask are represented by a separate row of LED symbols.
The signaling is identical to the LED signaling of the OSM/ESM, see /1/. The
device status field is displayed and updated in every menu so that you have an
overview of the current status of the OSM/ESM at all times.
The device status field also shows the OSM/ESM type (for example, OSM ITP53)
and the system name (or the IP address if “sysName Not Set”) of the OSM/ESM.
On the OSM BC08, OSM TP22, and ESM TP40, the states of the digital inputs are
also indicated on the right bedside the port LEDs.
Menu Tree
By navigating through the menu tree, you can open the individual windows of the
OSM/ESM WBM in much the same way as when working in the Windows Explorer
by clicking the relevant icons.
Data Window
The data window displays the current values and allows you to enter new settings.
Settings that cannot be modified are displayed in gray.
4-8
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Web-Based Management (WBM)
4.6
Management Menus
The WBM of the OSM/ESM has the following menu structure:
System
Version Numbers
Restart
Factory Defaults
Save & Load
Event Log Table
OSM/ESM
Fault Mask
Standby Mask
Counters
Agent
Event Configuration
Digital Input Configuration (only OSMs/ESMs with
digital inputs)
E-Mail Configuration
Trap Configuration
ARP Table
SNMP Counters
Switch
Current FDB Table
Static FDB Table
FDB Unicast Configuration
FDB Multicast Configuration
Ports
Port Configuration
Statistics
Packet Size
Packet Type
Packet Error
The menu commands and their windows are described in the following sections.
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Web-Based Management (WBM)
4.7
System
Clicking the System menu opens the window shown in Figure 4-5.
Figure 4-5
System Information Window
System Up Time
This shows the operating time of the OSM/ESM since the last restart.
System Description
The System Description box displays the OSM/ESM type.
System Contact
In this box, you can enter a contact person/address (for example the maintenance
engineer) for this device (maximum 64 characters).
System Location
In this box, you can enter information about the location of the OSM/ESM
(maximum 64 characters).
4-10
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Web-Based Management (WBM)
System Name
The domain name of the OSM/ESM can be entered in this field (maximum 64
characters).
Serial Port Baud Rate
This is the baud rate at which the serial port of the OSM/ESM operates. The
default baud rate is 115.2 Kbauds.
Set New Values
To save the entries made in this window, click the Set New Values button. If you
click the Get Current Values button, you obtain the values currently stored on the
OSM/ESM.
4.7.1
System Version Numbers
Clicking the Version Numbers menu opens the window shown in Figure 4-6. This
menu displays the hardware/software versions of the OSM/ESM, the order number
and the MAC address of the OSM/ESM.
Figure 4-6
System Version Numbers Window
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Web-Based Management (WBM)
Hardware
Hardware version of the OSM/ESM.
Order Number
Order number of the OSM/ESM.
Boot software
Version of the boot software of the OSM/ESM. The boot software of the OSM/ESM
is used to download new firmware (operative software) to the OSM/ESM and is
stored permanently on the OSM/ESM.
Operative software
Version of the firmware currently loaded on the OSM/ESM.
MAC Address
MAC address of the OSM/ESM in hexadecimal format.
4-12
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4.7.2
System Restart
With the System Restart window (Figure 4-7), you can restart the OSM/ESM.
Figure 4-7
System Restart Window
To restart the OSM/ESM, click the Restart System button. This opens a dialog
box in which you are prompted to confirm the “Restart” command. When you
restart, the OSM/ESM is reinitialized, the internal firmware is reloaded and a self
test is performed on the OSM/ESM hardware. The learned entries in the FDB table
of the OSM/ESM are also cleared, see Section 2.5.1. Booting the OSM/ESM
following a restart takes approximately 20 seconds. You can leave the browser
window open while the OSM/ESM starts up.
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Web-Based Management (WBM)
4.7.3
System Factory Defaults
(restoring the defaults)
Figure 4-8 shows the Factory Defaults window.
Figure 4-8
System Factory Defaults Window
In this window, you can restore the factory default settings for the OSM/ESM.
Restore Factory Defaults
The settings made in the factory are restored. Even the protected settings (see
Section 2.4) are reset. There is no restart so that new data can be entered with the
WBM. The changes only take effect when a manual restart is triggered, see also
Section 4.7.2.
Restore Memory Defaults and Restart
The settings made in the factory are restored. This does not include the protected
defaults (see Section 2.4) that are not affected by this command. A restart is
triggered automatically.
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4.7.4
System Save & Load
In the Save & Load window, you make the entries required to download the
firmware for the OSM/ESM from a TFTP server. The settings for downloading and
saving the OSM/ESM configuration and saving the event log table as a file over
TFTP can also be made here.
Figure 4-9
System Save & Load Window
TFTP Server IP Address
IP address of the TFTP server from which the new OSM/ESM firmware or a
configuration file will be downloaded.
Configuration File
Name of the configuration file (maximum 32 characters) that is loaded from the
TFTP server with the Load button or saved on the TFTP server with the Save
button.
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Log Table File
Name of the log table file (maximum 32 characters) that is saved on the TFTP
server with the Save button.
If you do not enter a name for the configuration file and log table file, a file name
based on the IP address is used.
Firmware File
Name of the file on the TFTP server containing the new OSM/ESM firmware
(maximum 32 characters), if necessary with additional path information (depending
on the configuration of the TFTP server). Clicking the Load button starts the
download.
Note
If a configuration file of an RM was saved and then loaded on a normal
OSM/ESM, the OSM/ESM fault mask for the ring ports is set. Manual
reconfiguration may be necessary.
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4.7.5
Event Log Table
The event log table (Figure 4-10) contains all the events that (if enabled) cause
traps or E-mails. Other fault/error events such as communication errors are also
logged with the SMTP server. The content of the event log table is therefore
retained even when the OSM/ESM is turned off.
Figure 4-10
Event Log Table Window
When the window is opened the first time, the latest 30 entries in the event log
table are displayed.
Click the Get All Entries button to display all entries in the event log table.
Click the Clear Log button to clear the content of the table.
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Web-Based Management (WBM)
4.8
OSM/ESM Status
The OSM/ESM Status window (Figure 4-11) shows the mode in which the
OSM/ESM is operating and whether errors have been detected by the OSM/ESM.
Figure 4-11
OSM/ESM Status Window
Standby Mode
Enabled:
Shows that the OSM/ESM was switched to the standby mode with the DIP switch,
see /1/.
Disabled:
The standby mode is not active (DIP switch on the OSM/ESM set to “Stby off”).
Standby Cable
Connected:
The standby cable (ITP-XP standard cable 9/9) is connected to the OSM/ESM.
Disconnected:
The standby cable (ITP-XP standard cable 9/9) is not connected to the OSM/ESM
or is interrupted.
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Standby Status
Passive:
The OSM/ESM is passive; in other words, it does not pass on any packets via the
standby ports.
Active:
The OSM/ESM is active; in other words, it passes on packets via the standby
ports.
RM Mode
Disabled:
The OSM/ESM is not operating as the redundancy manager (RM).
Enabled:
The OSM/ESM is operating as the redundancy manager (DIP switch set to “RM
on”).
RM Status
Passive:
The OSM/ESM is operating as the redundancy manager and has opened the ring;
in other words, the line of OSMs/ESMs attached to it (ports 7 and 8) is operating
without problems. The passive status is also indicated when the RM mode is
disabled.
Active:
The OSM/ESM is operating as the redundancy manager and has closed the ring;
in other words, the line of OSMs/ESMs attached to it (ports 7 and 8) is interrupted
(fault or error). The redundancy manager switches the link between ports 7 and 8
through and reestablishes a functioning bus configuration.
Power Line 1
Up:
Power supply 1 (line 1) is applied.
Down:
Power supply 1 is not applied or has a value less than
14 V.
Power Line 2
Up:
Power supply 2 (line 2) is applied.
Down:
Power supply 2 is not applied or has a value less than
18 V.
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Fault Status
Redundant power line down:
Link down on monitored port:
Standby configuration error:
More than one RM in ring:
STBY DIP switch changed. Please restart!:
The standby DIP switch setting was changed. As a result, the current operating
state is inconsistent with the device configuration. The modified device
configuration is adopted only after a restart.
RM DIP switch changed. Please restart!: As a result, the current operating state is
inconsistent with the device configuration. The modified device configuration is
adopted only after a restart.
Port x in partition mode:
Observer detected error:
Observer error.
Non-recoverable ring error:
Factory Defaults, please restart: As a result, the current operating state is
inconsistent with the device configuration. The modified device configuration is
adopted only after a restart.
No Fault:
The OSM/ESM has not detected a fault, the signaling contact and fault LED have
not responded.
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4.8.1
OSM/ESM Fault Mask
Figure 4-12 shows the Fault Mask window.
Figure 4-12
OSM/ESM Fault Mask Window
The fault mask is used to specify which fault states are monitored by the
OSM/ESM and lead to the signaling contact being triggered and the fault LED
being lit.
The fault mask can also be set using the buttons on the front panel of the
OSM/ESM, see /1/.
Enable Power Monitoring
This specifies which of the two power supply lines 1 and 2 is monitored. A fault is
indicated by the signaling contact when there is no power on one of the monitored
lines (line 1 or line 2) or when the voltage is too low (less than 14 V).
Enable Link Status Monitoring
This enables/disables the link monitoring for ports 1 to 4 or 1 to 8. If the monitoring
is activated on one of the ports, a fault is signaled (fault LED, signaling contact)
when there is no valid link at this port (for example cable not plugged in or
connected device turned off).
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Set New Values
To change the settings in the fault mask, follow the steps outlined below:
1. Click the check box in the fault mask to decide which of the power supplies and
ports will be monitored.
2. Then click the Set New Values button.
Note
Fault Mask and RM Mode
Activating the RM mode means that the ring ports (ports 7, 8) are entered in the
fault mask. Deactivating the RM mode alone, does not mean that the ring ports
are taken out of the fault mask. To do this, the fault mask must be reconfigured.
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4.8.2
OSM/ESM Standby Mask
Clicking the Standby Mask menu opens the window shown in Figure 4-13 .
Figure 4-13
OSM/ESM Standby Mask Window
With network management, you can define several standby ports when rings are
coupled redundantly, see Section 2.16. With a redundant configuration, you can
then interconnect several rings or networks redundantly.
In the standby mask, you specify which ports of the OSM/ESM will operate as
standby ports when working in the standby mode.
If there is no fault, only the standby ports of the standby master are active and
handle the data exchange. If the standby master or the link of one of the standby
ports of the master fails, all standby ports of the master are disabled and the
standby ports of the slave activated so that a functioning configuration is
established.
Please remember that the same ports on the standby master and on the standby
slave must be configured as the standby ports. If an optical port of the OSM ITP62
is used in the extended redundant configuration, it must have a hardware version
of at least 2.
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To modify the assignments in the standby mask, follow the steps outlined below:
1. Select the ports to be monitored by clicking the relevant check boxes in the
mask.
2. Then click the Set New Values button.
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4.8.3
OSM/ESM Counters
Figure 4-14 shows the OSM/ESM Counters window. Using the OSM/ESM
counters, you can monitor whether and how often problems occurred during
operation (for example how often the signaling contact responded). The fault
counters are cleared when the power supply to the OSM/ESM is turned off or
when you click the Reset Counters button in the window.
Figure 4-14
OSM/ESM Counters Window
No. of Signaled Faults
This indicates how often the signaling contact of the OSM/ESM responded.
No. of Changes to RM Active State
(Only in the redundancy manager mode) This indicates how often the OSM/ESM
acting as the redundancy manager changed to the active state. This state is
adopted only when the RM has detected a break on the line of OSMs/ESMs
connected to the ring ports (port 7 and 8 of 8-port devices, port 3 and 4 of 4-port
devices). If the RM mode is disabled (DIP switch RM “off”), no value is displayed.
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Maximum Delay of RM Test Packets (ms)
This display is only active in the redundancy manager mode (RM “on”). In the
redundancy manager mode, the OSM/ESM sends test packets on the line of
OSMs/ESMs attached to ports 7 and 8 and measures the round-trip time of the
test packets. The maximum delay of the test packets that occurs is displayed. This
value should not exceed 50 ms.
No. of Changes to Standby Active State
This counter is only active when the standby mode was activated with the DIP
switch on the OSM/ESM (”Stby on”). It indicates how often the OSM/ESM acting
as the standby slave switched to the active mode in the redundant configuration.
(This can be caused by failure of the standby master or because there was no
longer a valid link at a standby port of the standby master.)
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4.9
Agent Features
Figure 4-15
Agent Window
E-Mail
This is used to enable or disable the E-mail function of the OSM/ESM, see Section
2.9.
TELNET
This enables or disables TELNET access, see Section 2.14.
RMON
This enables or disables Remote Monitoring (RMON), see Section 5.
RMON is available on all OSMs/ESMs except for the OSM TP22 and the ESM
TP40.
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BOOTP/DHCP
BOOTP/DHCP specifies whether BOOTP/DHCP is active for the OSM/ESM, see
Section 2.13.
Traps
The traps check box is used to enable or disable the issuing of traps, see Section
2.8
IP Address
IP address of the OSM/ESM.
Note
If the IP address of the OSM/ESM is changed, the browser link to the OSM/ESM
is lost. Close the OSM/ESM window in the Internet browser and reconnect to the
OSM/ESM with the new IP address.
Subnet Mask
Subnet mask of the OSM/ESM.
Default Gateway
Default gateway displays the IP address of the default gateway. (This must be
entered if the PC/Internet browser is not located in the same subnet as the
OSM/ESM.)
Set New Values
To change the entries in this window, follow the steps outlined below:
1. Click the check boxes to decide which functions are enabled and disabled.
2. If necessary, update the IP address, subnet mask or address of the default
gateway.
3. Then click the Set New Values button.
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4.9.1
Agent Event Configuration
In the Agent Event Configuration window (Figure 4-16), you can select the specific
action (E-mail, trap, or entry in the event log table) triggered for each event.
Figure 4-16
Agent Event Configuration Window
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4.9.2
Digital Input Configuration (only OSMs/ESMs with digital
inputs)
You can change the configuration of the digital inputs in the Digital Input
Configuration window (Figure 4-17).
Figure 4-17
Digital Input Configuration Window
You can specify specific events such as E-mail, trap, and entry in the log table for
each input. You can enter the name of the digital input in the Name box.
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4.9.3
Agent E-Mail Configuration
Figure 4-18 shows the Agent E-Mail Configuration window.
Figure 4-18
Agent E-Mail Configuration Window
When certain faults occur and are detected by the OSM/ESM, it can automatically
send an E-mail to a selected E-mail address containing an error message in plain
language, see Section 2.9. Before an E-mail can be sent, it must be configured in
this window and be activated in the “Agent Menu”, see Section 4.9.
E-Mail Address
Enter the E-mail address to which the E-mail will be sent if faults occur.
SMTP Server IP Address
Here, you enter the IP address of the SMTP server via which the E-mail will be
sent. Make sure that the OSM/ESM can access the SMTP server.
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“From” Field
Address of the sender of the E-mails. Depending on the type and configuration of
the SMTP server it may be necessary to configure the sender address. If no entry
is made, the OSM/ESM uses the following address:
OSM@<IP -address>
or
ESM@<IP -address>
Set New Values
To set an E-mail address and the IP address of the SMTP server, follow the steps
outlined below:
1. Enter the E-mail address and IP address of the SMTP server in the boxes.
2. Then click the Set New Values button.
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4.9.4
Agent Trap Configuration
Clicking the Trap Config menu opens the window shown in Figure 4-19.
Figure 4-19
Agent Trap Configuration Window
If an alarm occurs, the OSM/ESM can send traps (alarm messages) to up to 10
different (network management) stations at the same time, see Section 2.8. In this
menu, you enter the addresses of the stations to which the traps will be sent.
Follow the steps outlined below:
Set New Values
1. Enter the IP addresses of the stations to which the traps will be sent.
2. Click the check boxes beside the IP addresses to activate the sending of traps
to these stations.
Then click the Set New Values button.
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4.9.5
Agent ARP Table
Clicking the ARP Table menu opens the window shown in Figure 4-20.
Figure 4-20
Agent ARP Table Window
The Agent ARP Table (ARP cache) displays the MAC and IP addresses of the
stations that exchange information with OSM/ESM Network Management. This
means all stations that communicate with the OSM/ESM using SNMP, WBM,
TELNET. The entry in the ARP table is only cleared when the corresponding
station has not exchanged any data with the OSM/ESM for more than fifteen
minutes.
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4.9.6
Agent SNMP Counters
The Agent SNMP Counters window (Figure 4-21) displays counter values defined
in the SNMP standard RFC 1213 (MIB-II). The meaning of these counter values is
described in RFC 1213. Interpreting the counter values requires detailed
knowledge of RFC 1213. The counters can be used, for example, to provide
diagnostic information about problems occurring on the link to the SNMP
management station.
Figure 4-21
Agent SNMP Counters Window
Object
This column contains the names of the SNMP counter objects.
Value
This displays the current counter values.
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4.10
Switch Features
Figure 4-22 shows the Switch window.
Figure 4-22
Switch Features Window
Mirroring
Mirroring means that the data exchange at a port (mirrored port) of this OSM/ESM
can be “reflected” to another port (monitor port). If a protocol analyzer is connected
to the monitor port, it can be used to record the data exchange at the mirrored port
without interrupting the connection at the mirrored port. To use this function, there
must be a free port on the OSM/ESM that can be used as the monitor port.
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Aging
OSMs/ESMs automatically learn the source addresses of the nodes connected to
them. This information is used on the OSM/ESM to pass packets to the intended
recipients. This reduces the network load for the other nodes.
If the OSM/ESM does not receive a packet with a source address that matches a
learned address within the aging time, it deletes the address from the database.
This prevents packets being passed on incorrectly if, for example, a DTE is
connected to a different OSM/ESM port. The default for the aging time is 40
seconds. By setting aging to disabled, addresses are no longer automatically
deleted.
Flow Control
Using flow control, the OSM/ESM can slow down the reception of further packets
at the ports if the network is overloaded. Flow control must be activated separately
for the individual ports in the port mask. If the Flow Control Enable check box is
deactivated in the Switch window, the flow control mechanism is deactivated for all
ports regardless of the settings made in the port masks.
Set New Value
Follow the steps outlined below to change settings in the Switch window:
1. First, enable the check box for the individual parameters by clicking them or
select the mirrored port or monitor port from the list boxes.
2. Then click the Set New Values button to enter the values.
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4.10.1
Current FDB Table
Clicking the Current FDB Table menu opens the window with the FDB table of the
OSM/ESM shown in Figure 4-23. The FDB table shows which node addresses
(MAC addresses) the OSM/ESM has learned and the port on the OSM/ESM via
which the node can be reached. The MAC addresses entered as static information
by the user are also displayed (see Section 2.4).
Figure 4-23
Current FDB Table Window
MAC Address
This displays the MAC address of the attached node that the OSM/ESM has
learned on the basis of received packets.
Port List
This shows the ports via which the node with the specified address can be
reached. Packets received by the OSM/ESM with a destination address matching
this address are passed on by the OSM/ESM to this port. With multicast
addresses, the port list shows the OSM/ESM ports to which a received multicast
packet is passed.
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Status
Shows the status of each FDB entry.
”learned” means that the specified address was learned as a result of receiving a
packet from this node.
”static” means that the address was entered as a static address by the user.
Static addresses are stored permanently; in other words, they are not cleared after
the aging time has elapsed or when the OSM/ESM is restarted.
Start with MAC
This box specifies the address from which the display of MAC addresses in the
FDB table will be displayed. If nothing is entered here, the display begins at the
lowest stored address.
Clear Address
This button clears the entry in the Start with MAC box.
Next Values
10 MAC addresses are displayed at one time. The “Next Values” button displays
the next 10 addresses from the FDB table. By repeatedly clicking “Next Values”
you can work through the entire FDB table.
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4.10.2
Static FDB Table
Clicking the Static FDB Table menu opens the window shown in Figure 4-24. This
window displays only the static addresses; in other words, the addresses entered
by the user.
Figure 4-24
Static FDB Table Window
MAC Address
This displays the MAC address with which the MAC destination address of each
incoming packet is compared to check whether the packet is rejected or passed
on.
Port List
The port list shows the OSM/ESM ports to which a received packet with the
entered MAC address is passed.
Address Type
The address type specifies whether the entry in the FDB table is a unicast or a
multicast destination address.
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4.10.3
FDB Unicast Configuration
Figure 4-25
FDB Unicast Configuration Window
In this window, you can enter or clear static unicast addresses in the FDB table.
Static addresses are not cleared by the address aging, see Section 2.5 and are
also retained when the OSM/ESM is turned off.
Entering Static Unicast Addresses
Follow the steps outlined below:
1. Select New Unicast Entry in the FDB Entry list box.
2. Enter the MAC address in the address box in hexadecimal (in each case 1
or 2 digits in one of the 6 fields).
3. In the Port list box, select the port to which packets with this (destination)
MAC address will be passed on.
4. Then click the Set New Values button.
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Deleting Static Unicast Addresses
Follow the steps outlined below:
1. Select the address you want to delete in the FDB Entry list box.
2. Click the Delete Selected Entry button.
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4.10.4
FDB Multicast Configuration
Clicking the FDB Multicast Config menu opens the window displayed in Figure
4-26. In this window, you can enter or clear (static) multicast addresses in the FDB
table.
Figure 4-26
FDB Multicast Configuration Window
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Entering a Multicast Address
Follow the steps outlined below to enter a multicast address in the FDB table:
1. Select New Multicast Entry in the FDB Entry list box.
2. Enter the MAC address in the box in hexadecimal. 1 or 2 digits must be entered
in one of the 6 fields. If only one digit is entered, this is automatically padded
with a zero.
3. You must then specify the ports to which a packet with the specified multicast
address will be sent by the OSM/ESM. The following entries are important:
Port Pool
This column contains all the ports of the OSM/ESM to which multicast packets
with the specified address are not passed on.
Group Members
This column contains all the ports of the OSM/ESM to which multicast packets
with the specified address are passed on.
You can move ports between the columns by clicking on the required port and
then moving it with the < and > buttons. The << and >> buttons move all ports
to the other column.
4. Then click the Set New Values button.
5. Repeat steps 1 to 4 for each MAC address for which you want to configure a
“multicast” FDB entry.
Deleting a Multicast FDB Entry
Follow the steps outlined below to delete a Multicast FDB entry:
1. Select the FDB entries you want to delete in the FDB Entry list box.
2. Click the Delete Multicast Entry button.
Note
The group members specify the ports to which frames with the configured
Multicast MAC address are passed. The ports via which the frames were received
is unimportant. This property is also known as ingress filtering.
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4.11
Port Status
Clicking the Ports menu opens the window shown in Figure 4-27.
Figure 4-27
Port Status Window
Port
This contains the port number.
Mode
This indicates whether the port operates at 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps and whether it
operates in the half duplex (HD) or full duplex (FD) mode.
Negotiation
This shows whether autonegotiation is set for the port.
enabled:
disabled:
Autonegotiation is enabled.
Autonegotiation is disabled.
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Flow Ctrl
This shows whether or not flow control was activated for the port. If the port is
operating in the half duplex mode, this shows whether half duplex flow control
(back pressure) is active. If the port operates in the full duplex mode, this shows
whether the full duplex flow control is activated.
enabled:
disabled:
Flow control is enabled.
Flow control is disabled.
Status
This shows whether the port is activated or deactivated. Data exchange is only
possible via an activated port.
enabled:
disabled:
The port is activated.
The port is deactivated
Link
This shows whether the port has a valid link to the network. (For example
reception of a “link integrity signal”.)
up:
down:
The port has a valid link to the network.
The link is interrupted
(for example connected device turned off).
Locked
This shows whether port locking is activated, see Section 2.6.
enabled:
A packet with a source address that does not exist in the FDB table of the
OSM/ESM is discarded. The OSM/ESM does not learn the source address of the
corresponding node.
disabled (default):
A packet with a source address that does not exist in the FDB table of the
OSM/ESM is passed on by the OSM/ESM. The OSM/ESM also learns the source
address of the corresponding node; in other words the MAC address is entered in
the FDB table.
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4.11.1
Port Configuration
In the Port Configuration window (Figure 4-28), you can modify the settings for
the OSM/ESM ports.
Figure 4-28
Port Configuration
Follow the steps outlined below to change the settings of a port:
1. Select the number of the required port in the Port list box.
2. The Port Enabled check box enables ( 4 ) or disables data exchange on the
port.
3. The Lock Enabled check box prevents ( 4 ) or allows the passing on of
packets whose source address is not in the FDB table of the OSM/ESM.
4. The FD Flow Control Enabled check box enables ( 4 ) or disables full duplex
flow control for a port. Full duplex flow control is only effective when the port
operates in the full duplex mode.
5. The HD Flow Control Enabled check box enables ( 4 ) or disables half duplex
flow control. Half duplex flow control is only effective when the port is operating
in the half duplex mode.
6. The Autonegotiation Enabled check box enables ( 4 ) or disables
autonegotiation for a port.
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7. If autonegotiation is disabled, you can set the transmission rate and duplicity of
the port in the Mode list box. If autonegotiation is active, these parameters are
automatically negotiated by the OSM/ESM and the connected DTE, see
Section 2.1.
8. You can enter the name of the port in the Port Name box.
9. Click the Set New Values button to enter the modified values.
Autonegotiation (the negotiation of the transmission rate and duplicity) is generally
started only when a device is connected or started up. If you click the
Start/Restart Autonegotiation button, you can start autonegotiation immediately.
Note
Do not deactivate autonegotiation if you want to use the autocrossover function
with the partner port.
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4.12
Statistics Counters
The OSM/ESM has internal statistical counters (RMON counters) with which the
number of received packets (sorted according to length and type) and the number
of bad packets for each port can be counted. This information provides you with an
overview of the data traffic and any network problems that may have occurred.
Resetting the Statistics Counters
Follow the steps outlined below to reset the RMON counters to zero:
1. Click the Statistics menu to open the window shown in Figure 4-29.
2. Click the Reset Statistics Counters button.
Figure 4-29
Statistics
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4.12.1
Packet Size
The Packet Size window displays the number of packets received at a port
arranged according to the packet size. The following packet sizes are displayed:
64, 65-127, 128-255, 256-511, 512-1023 and 1024-1536 bytes.
Follow the steps outlined below to read out the packet counter:
1. Click the Packet Size window to open the window shown in Figure 4-30.
2. Select the port you want to view in the Port list box.
3. Select the packet sizes you want to have displayed.
4. Click the Get Current Values button.
The number of packets in each range and a pie chart is displayed providing you
with an overview of the distribution of packet sizes (see Figure 4-30).
If no packet with the selected sizes was received, no pie chart is displayed.
Figure 4-30
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4.12.2
Packet Type
This window displays the packets of each port according to three types or classes:
unicast, multicast and broadcast packets, refer to the Glossary, Appendix F.
Follow the steps outlined below to display the “Packet Type” counters (Figure
4-31):
1. Select the port you want to view in the Port list box.
2. Select the packet types (unicast, multicast, broadcast) you want to have
displayed.
3. Click the Get Current Values button.
The number of packets of each type is displayed along with a pie chart that
provides you with an overview of the distribution of packet types, see Figure
4-31. (If no packets of the selected types were received, no pie chart is
displayed.)
Figure 4-31
Packet Type
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4.12.3
Packet Error
For each port, the OSM/ESM can detect the following errors in received packets
and display the errors with the following counters: CRC, Undersize, Oversize,
Jabbers and Collisions, see Glossary.
Follow the steps outlined below to display the bad packets counted for a port of the
OSM/ESM:
1. Select the Packet Error menu (Figure 4-32).
2. Select the port you want to view in the Port list box.
3. Select the packet errors you want to have displayed: CRC, Undersize,
Oversize, Jabbers, or Collisions.
4. Click the Get Current Values button.
The number of packets in each error class along with a bar diagram is
displayed, see Figure 4-32. (If there are no packets in the selected classes, no
bar diagram is displayed.)
Figure 4-32
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SNMP and RMON
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5-1
SNMP and RMON
5.1
SNMP
With SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol), a network management
station can configure and monitor SNMP-compliant nodes such as the OSM/ESM
(from firmware Version 2.0 and higher). To make this possible, a management
agent is installed in the DTE with which the management station exchanges data
using SNMP Get and Set requests. The OSMs/ESMs support SNMP V1.
The data that can be managed are in a database on the OSM/ESM (DTE) known
as the MIB (Management Information Base) that can be accessed by the
management station (or the applet of the OSM/ESM Web-Based Management)
using the agent.
There are standardized MIBs defined in RFCs and private MIBs containing
product-specific extensions that are not covered in standard MIBs.
The OSMs/ESMs with network management support the following MIBs:
- RFC 1213: MIB II
- RFC 2233: Interface MIB
- RFC 1286, RFC1493: Bridge MIB
- RFC 1757: RMON MIB
OSM/ESM private MIB
The private MIB of the OSM/ESM is on the supplied CD. The private MIB file can
also be downloaded from an OSM/ESM directly with a Web browser at http://<IP
address of the OSM/ESM>/snOSM.mib. Please note the capitalization of
snOSM.mib! In the Internet Explorer, click on View and save the MIB as source
text. The description of the MIB objects of the private MIB is included in the MIB
and can be read directly with a MIB compiler (for example the network
management station) or with a text editor.
The read-only community string (SNMP password for read access) is set to
public, the read-write community string (SNMP password for read and write
access) is set to private and can be changed using SNMP or the Agent menu in
the CLI, see Section 3.5.
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5.2
RMON
A RMON-compliant device (RMON = Remote MONitoring) allows you to collect
special diagnostic data on the device, to prepare this data and to read it out via
SNMP at a network management station that supports RMON. This diagnostic
data such as port-related load allows you to detect network problems early and to
eliminate them. These are stored on the OSM/ESM in the RMON MIB.
RMON functionality is defined in RFC 1757 and is divided into groups. All
OSMs/ESMs with the exception of OSM TP22 and ESM TP40 support the four
RMON groups Statistics, History, Alarm and Event.
The following table summarizes the options provided by these four groups.
Table 5-1
RMON Groups and Their Functionality
Description
RMON Group
Statistics
This provides statistical information for each OSM/ESM port such as
packet rate, packet distribution, number of broadcast, multicast,
unicast packets, number of received bad packets sorted according to
error types.
History
This RMON group allows specific statistical information on the
OSM/ESM to be selected, queried at periodic intervals and stored.
You can read out this information at a management station later and
display it in chronological order (for example the chronological order
of the error rate).
Alarm
The alarm group also queries certain statistical values periodically
and compares them with limit values configured previously on the
OSM/ESM by the management station. If a limit value is violated, an
alarm is generated and a trap is issued. The alarm group is only
possible when the event group is supported.
Event
The event group controls generation of traps when RMON alarms
occur.
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Upgrading/Downloading Software
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6-1
Upgrading/Downloading Software
6.1
General Introduction
The firmware of the OSM/ESM can be loaded in two different ways:
S
Over the serial port of the OSM/ESM
S
From a TFTP server, see also Section 6.3.
You will find information on firmware updates for OSM/ESM on the Web at
http://www.ad.siemens.de/csi/net.
This chapter describes the downloading of the OSM/ESM firmware in detail.
Note
After you have downloaded the firmware, the new firmware is stored in non-volatile
memory on the OSM/ESM and the original firmware is erased. If the power supply
to the OSM/ESM is interrupted during the download, the loaded firmware may be
incomplete and not executable. You can recognize this by the fault LED being lit
permanently and when the display LEDs do not switch over when you press the
OSM/ESM button (after the OSM/ESM has started up). In this case, the firmware
must be downloaded again via the serial port, see Section 6.2. It is then no longer
possible to download the firmware from a TFTP server.
6-2
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C79000-G8976-C137-08
Upgrading/Downloading Software
6.2
Downloading the Firmware via the Serial Port
To download the firmware via a serial port of the OSM/ESM, follow the steps
outlined below:
1. Connect a PC with the Hyperterminal program as described in Appendix B and
start Hyperterminal.
2. Reset the OSM/ESM by pressing the Select/Set button during operation (if
necessary several times briefly) until the display LEDs display the port status
(all display LEDs off). Then press the Select/Set button for at least 6 seconds.
After approximately 3 seconds, the display LEDs start to flash, after a further 2
seconds the reset is executed (all LEDs go on briefly and then off again).
The following message then appears in the terminal window of Hyperterminal:
Figure 6-1
3. Press the ”Select/Set” button again briefly
4. The following prompt then appears:
Do you really want to update your firmware? Y/N
Confirm with Y (Yes).
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6-3
Upgrading/Downloading Software
The following message is then displayed in the terminal window:
Figure 6-2
5. Now select the function Transfer > Send File function in the Hyperterminal
window.
6. In the next dialog window, enter the file to be downloaded and select ”Xmodem”
or “1K Xmodem” as the protocol. Start the transfer of the firmware with the
”Send” button.
Figure 6-3
6-4
Industrial Ethernet OSM/ESM Network Management
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Upgrading/Downloading Software
The following dialog box then appears displaying the progress of the download.
Figure 6-4
Start the download by pressing the ”Set/Select” button again.
Downloading can take up to 10 minutes. After you have downloaded the firmware
successfully, the device is automatically started with the new firmware. Please note
the version of the new firmware on a label on the side labeling panel of the
OSM/ESM.
Note
During the download, do not interrupt the connection between the PC and
OSM/ESM and do not turn off the power supply to the OSM/ESM.
If the download is interrupted by a problem on a signal line, the device will start up
with the old firmware the next time it restarts. The firmware download must then
be repeated.
If the firmware could not be downloaded completely to the OSM due to a power
failure, the message ”Firmware in flash is faulty” appears after the device starts
up. This means that the firmware must be downloaded again.
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6-5
Upgrading/Downloading Software
6.3
Downloading Firmware from an TFTP Server
To download firmware from a TFTP server, the server must be accessible to the
OSM/ESM, see Figure 6-1.
OSM ITP 62
TFTP server
Network
Figure 6-5
Downloading Firmware from a TFTP Server
Requirements
The following settings must also be made on the OSM/ESM, see Section 3.5 :
6-6
S
The IP address, subnet mask and possibly also the gateway address must be
configured on the OSM/ESM using the CLI, see Section 3.5.
S
A TFTP server with an installed IETF TFTP program (RFC 1350) must exist in
the network and must be accessible to the OSM/ESM. (This program is not
provided by SIEMENS. It is however included with various systems and
TCP/IP packages. The server can be a DOS, UNIX or Windows station.)
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Upgrading/Downloading Software
Note
Copy the program file to the TFTP server so that the TFTP client (OSM/ESM) has
access for the download.
Downloading
Follow the steps outlined below to download the firmware:
1. Make sure that all components (OSM/ESM, TFTP server, etc.) are started up
and functioning correctly.
2. Start a WBM (or CLI) session. (For more detailed information, refer to Chapter
3 or 4).
3. Make the following entries in the System menu or the in the System Save &
Load window:
S
Enter the TFTP Server IP Address (the IP address of the TFTP server on
which the new OSM/ESM firmware is located)
S
Enter the Firmware File Name (name and if applicable path of the file on
the TFTP server containing the new OSM/ESM firmware)
S
Select the Start Download command.
Before the new firmware takes effect, you must restart the OSM/ESM.
Note
In the RM mode, the ring monitoring is deactivated during the TFTP download; in
other words the redundancy manager cannot react to breaks in the ring during the
download.
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6-7
Notes on Troubleshooting
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7
7-1
Notes on Troubleshooting
Table 7-1 below lists remedies if you encounter problems on the OSM/ESM.
Table 7-1
No.
Troubleshooting
Problem
Possible Cause
Remedy
1
LED L1 and L2 OFF
No power supply
Check the 24 V power supply.
2
LED Fault ON
OSM/ESM startup after
turning on the power
supply.
None
Fault LED goes off following startup if
there is no further problem.
The fault mask does not
Check the power supplies and port
match up with the current
assignment, if necessary update the fault
status of the power supplies mask, see /1/.
or the port assignment.
In the RM mode also:
Connection to a ring port
interrupted.
Check the connections to the ring ports
(port 3 and 4 on 4-port devices and port 7
and 8 on 8-port devices).
Two RMs in ring
simultaneously.
Turn off one RM.
Redundant coupling, also:
7-2
Short-circuited or break on
ITP XP standard cable 9/9.
Check the connecting cable between the
standby-sync ports of the two
OSMs/ESMs.
Both OSMs/ESMs of the
redundant ring coupling are
set as master or both as
slave.
Switch one of the devices to the master
mode (Stby off), the other device to the
slave mode (Stby on).
Link down on a standby
port (only when standby
cable plugged in).
Check the connection to the standby
ports.
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Notes on Troubleshooting
Table 7-1
No.
Troubleshooting
Problem
Possible Cause
The firmware was not
downloaded completely
(power failure when saving
the new firmware) or the
OSM/ESM self test
detected a fault.
Remedy
You can recognize this state after the
OSM/ESM has started up because the
fault LED is lit permanently and the
display LEDs on the front panel of the
OSM/ESM do not switch over when you
press the button.
Download the firmware again if this
problem occurred during downloading of
the firmware, see Section 6 and restart
the OSM/ESM.
If you have not downloaded firmware,
restart the OSM/ESM. If the problem
persists, the OSM/ESM self test has
detected a problem that it cannot
eliminate.
Send in the module to your SIEMENS
service center for repair.
Faults detected by the self test are logged
if you connect a PC with the
Hyperterminal program to the serial port of
the OSM/ESM, see Appendix B, and run a
cold restart on the OSM/ESM (power
off/power on).
3
Port Status LED OFF,
although a DTE is
connected to the port.
Problem on the port, the
DTE or the transmission
line.
Connect the station briefly to a different
OSM/ESM port and check whether the
problem persists.
If yes, check the transmission line to the
DTE and check whether the DTE is turned
on. If you are using optical cables, clean
the connectors.
4
10/100 Mbps port
performance low.
The partner port is not
autonegotiating and is
operating in the full duplex
mode.
Using Web-Based Management or the
CLI set the OSM/ESM port to the full
duplex mode (autonegotiation disabled).
5
No connection via the
serial port of the
OSM/ESM to the
connected PC.
Cable function,
Check the cable.
incorrectly set
Hyperterminal program on
the PC,
Check the settings in the Hyperterminal
program.
incompatible transmission
rate.
Check the transmission rate (default 115
Kbauds).
6
No access to CLI
commands.
Access only with
administrator password.
Enter admin as the login and then enter
the administrator password (the default is
admin ).
7
No IP connections.
The IP address was not
assigned.
Set the IP address and subnet mask
using the CLI.
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7-3
Notes on Troubleshooting
Table 7-1
No.
8
Troubleshooting
Problem
Fault Status signals
“non recoverable ring
error”
Possible Cause
The RM is receiving test
frames on the OSM ring
from only one direction.
This is caused by defective
devices or cables in the
OSM ring.
9
No E-mail,
BOOTP/DHCP, RMON,
or TELNET
connection.
10
No reaction from
Web-Based
Management.
Remedy
Check whether cable and devices
function correctly. Problem indicators are
the traffic LEDs and the statistics counters
of the ring ports.
Check/activate E-Mail, BOOTP/DHCP,
RMON or TELNET. RMON is not available
on the OSM TP22 and ESM TP40.
No IP connection
Check the IP connection with the Ping
command.
(Entry in MS-DOS as ping <IP address>,
for example ping 142.11.7.8). The ping
check whether the OSM/ESM is
accessible from the PC.
Incorrect browser
connection
See Appendix A
SNMP disabled
Run the snmp E command via the CLI.
11
Power supply failure
Bad network configuration
Make sure that there are no loops within
the network.
12
Password error
Incorrect password.
If you forget the password, you can
activate the default passwords again by
pressing the button on the front panel of
the OSM/ESM to start a reset.
13
TFTP process abort.
The TFTP server
terminates the process due
to a timeout.
Increase the timeout time for the TFTP
server.
7-4
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A
Internet Browser Settings
To use Web-Based Management with the OSM/ESM, you must make the correct
settings in the Internet browser. This appendix contains instructions for making the
settings for the Internet browsers shown in Table A-1 below. You can use this
procedure as the basis for setting other Internet browser versions. Web-Based
Management of the OSM/ESM was tested with these Internet browsers.
Table A-1
Internet Browser
Browser
Microsoft Internet Explorer
Netscape Communication Navigator
5.0, 5.5 and 6.0
4.7, 6.1 and 6.2
Note
The Web Based Management of the OSM/ESM has been tested with certain
combinations of browsers and Java Virtual Machines (JVM). Only the JVM
supplied and installed with the product was tested with Netscape and only the JVM
for Microsoft was tested with the Internet Explorer. We recommend that you only
use one of these combinations. The JVM from Microsoft must be installed
separately according to the Version of Internet Explorer (download from Microsoft
Web pages).
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A-1
Internet Browser Settings
A.1
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0
You can check whether or not you have the Internet Explorer 6.0 as follows:
1. Select Help (?) ->about Internet Explorer to open the window shown in Figure
A-1.
Figure A-1
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 - about Internet Explorer Window
2. Select Tools -> Internet Options -> Security to open the window in Figure A-2.
3. Select “Trusted Sites” in the zones box and click the “Sites...” button.
A-2
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Internet Browser Settings
4. Add the IP address of the OSM/ESM to the zone of trusted sites after clicking
the Sites button to open the window shown in Figure A-2.
Figure A-2
Trusted Sites
Note
Please note that for the adress input for OSM/ESM in “trusted sites” the adress
does not beginn with https:// but with http://.
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A-3
Internet Browser Settings
5. Enter the IP address of the OSM/ESM as shown in Figure A-3. You can use
wildcards (*) to enter entire address ranges for several OSMs/ESMs.
If you enter, for example, 142.11.83.*, the addresses 142.11.83.0 to
142.11.83.255 are added to the trusted sites.
Figure A-3
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 - Internet Options Window
6. Click the Custom Level button to open the window shown in Figure A-3.
7. Set the Java permissions to Custom as shown in Figure A-4.
A-4
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Internet Browser Settings
8. Activate Active Scripting, see Figure A-4.
Figure A-4
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 - Security Settings Window
9. Click the Java Custom Settings button as shown in Figure A-4 to open the
window shown in Figure A-5.
(If this button is not displayed, you have not selected the custom Java
permissions as shown above.)
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A-5
Internet Browser Settings
10.Open the Edit Permissions window, see Figure A-5. If you cannot make any
modifications in this window, contact your network administrator. (It is possible
that you do not have the required permissions or that your browser must be
updated.)
11. Make sure that Run Unsigned Content is activated (or at least Run in sandbox
, Access to all Network Addresses and Dialogs are activated).
Figure A-5
A-6
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 - Edit Permissions Window
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Internet Browser Settings
12.Select Tools -> Internet Options -> Advanced to open the window shown in
Figure A-6. Make sure that Java logging and Java JIT compiler are activated.
(Java console can also be enabled.)
Figure A-6
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 - Advanced Internet Options Window
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A-7
Internet Browser Settings
13.If you use a proxy server that only accepts DNS registered IP addresses and
your OSM/ESM is not DNS registered, you may need to connect directly to the
OSM/ESM.
You do this by selecting Options ->Internet Options->Connections, to open the
window shown in A-7. Click the LAN Settings button in this window to open the
window shown in Figure A-8.
Figure A-7
A-8
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 - Connections Window
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Internet Browser Settings
Figure A-8
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 - LAN Settings
14.In this window, deactivate the proxy server by clicking the Use Proxy Server
check box or click the ”Advanced” button to open the window shown in Figure
A-9 in which you can enter the addresses for which the proxy server will not be
used.
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A-9
Internet Browser Settings
Figure A-9
Proxy Settings
15.In this window, enter the address of the OSM/ESM; you can also enter address
ranges using wildcards. If you enter 142.11.83.*, for example, no proxy server is
used for addresses 142.11.83.0 to 142.11.83.255.
A-10
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Internet Browser Settings
A.2
Netscape Communicator 6.2
1. Select Edit -> Settings -> Advanced to open the window shown in Figure A-10.
2. Select Activate Java and Activate JavaScript for Navigator.
Figure A-10
Netscape Communicator/Navigator 6.2 - Advanced Settings Window
If you use a proxy server that only accepts DNS registered IP addresses and your
OSM/ESM is not DNS registered, you may need to connect directly to the
OSM/ESM.
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A-11
Internet Browser Settings
To do this, select Edit -> Settings -> Advanced -> Proxies to open the window
shown in Figure A-11 and set Direct connection to Internet.
Figure A-11
A-12
Netscape Communicator/Navigator 6.2 - Proxy Settings Window
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Connecting a PC with Hyperterminal to the
Serial Port of the OSM/ESM
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B
B-1
Connecting a PC with Hyperterminal to the Serial Port of the OSM/ESM
You require a PC with the Hyperterminal program (available with Windows 95/98
NT/2000 in Programs -> Accessories) if you want to download the OSM/ESM
firmware via the serial port or want to use the command line interface (CLI). Follow
the steps outlined below to connect a PC with the Hyperterminal program to the
OSM/ESM:
Connect the serial interface of your PC and the OSM/ESM with a normal null
modem.
Depending on the port of the PC that you are using, you require a cable with a
9-pin or 25-pin sub-D female connector for the PC end, and a 9-pin female
connector for the OSM/ESM end.
Table B-1 below shows the pinning and connection of the two cable variants.
Table B-1
Pinning and Connections
PC port
25 -pin
female
9 -pin
female
Signal name
Pin
Pin
TD
(Transmit Data)
2
3
RD
(Receive Data)
3
RTS
(Request To Send)
Connected
to
OSM connector 9 -pin
female
Pin
Signal name
___________
2
RD
2
___________
3
TD
4
7
___________
8
CTS
CTS
(Clear to send)
5
8
___________
7
RTS
SG
(Signal Ground)
7
5
___________
5
SG
DSR
(Data Set Ready)
6
6
___________
4
DTR
DTR
(Data Terminal
Ready)
20
4
___________
6
DSR
Note
Please note that the serial port on some SIMATIC programming devices is a
25-pin female connector. If this is the case, use a gender changer (25-pin male to
25-pin male) available from PC dealers.
B-2
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Connecting a PC with Hyperterminal to the Serial Port of the OSM/ESM
Follow the steps outlined below in Hyperterminal:
1. Create a new connection (for example with File -> New Connection).
2. Make the settings in the Properties dialog as shown below.
Figure B-1
Properties Tab
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B-3
References
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C
C-1
References
/1/
SIMATIC NET Industrial Ethernet OSM/ESM Operating Instructions,
supplied with every device on CD and available at
http://www4.ad.siemens.de/view/cs/en/8676999
on the Web.
/2/
SIMATIC NET Industrial Twisted Pair and Fiber-Optic Networks,
Release 05/2001.
Order numbers:
6GK1970-1BA10-0AA0 German
6GK1970-1BA10-0AA1 English
6GK1970-1BA10-0AA2 French
6GK1970-1BA10-0AA4 Italian
C-2
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Abbreviations/Acronyms
Industrial Ethernet OSM/ESM Network Management
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D
D-1
Abbreviations/Acronyms
D-2
Abbreviation/
Acronym
Definition
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange
BOOTP
Bootstrap Protocol
CLI
Command Line Interpreter
CRC
Cyclic Redundancy Check
CSA
Canadian Standards Association
CSMA/CD
Carrier-Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DNS
Dynamic Name System
ESM
Electrical Switch Module
FDB
Filtering Data Base
GUI
Graphical User Interface
HTML
HyperText Markup Language
HTTP
HyperText Transfer Protocol
ID
IDentity
IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ITP
Industrial Twisted Pair
IP
Internet Protocol
LAN
Local Area Network
MAC
Media Access Control
MAU
Medium Attachment Unit
MDI
Medium Dependent Interface (Pinning: 1→RX+, 2→RX-,
3→TX+, 6→TX -)
MDIX
Medium Dependent Interface with cross-wiring (Pinning:
1→TX+, 2→TX -, 3→RX+, 6→RX-)
MIB
Management Information Base
NIC
Network Interface Card
NMS
Network Management Station
OS
Operating System
OSM
Optical Switch Module
POST
Power-On SelfTest
RFC
Request For Comment
RM
Redundancy Manager
RMON
Remote MONitoring
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Abbreviations/Acronyms
Abbreviation/
Acronym
Definition
SMTP
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
TCP/IP
Transmission Control Protocol over IP
TELNET
(dial-up) TELephone NETwork (connection protocol)
TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol
TP
Twisted Pair
UDP
User Datagram Protocol
URL
Universal Resource Locator
UTP
Unshielded Twisted Pair
WBM
Web Based Management
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D-3
Glossary
Autocrossover
Capability of automatically crossing over the send and receive signals at
twisted -pair ports (automatic switchover between MDI and MDI-X pinning at a
port). When, for example, connecting network components, you no longer need
crossover cables.
The autocrossover function is available only when autonegotiation is activated.
Autonegotiation
In the autonegotiation mode, an electrical OSM/ESM port sets itself
automatically to the transmission rate (10/100 Mbps) of the connected partner
device. If the partner device also supports autonegotiation, the devices further
negotiate whether they will exchange data in the half-duplex or full-duplex mode
and full-duplex flow control see Section 2.12.
FDB table
The FDB table contains node addresses (MAC addresses) and the port of the
OSM/ESM over which the node address is obtainable.
Aging
Aging means that a learned entry in the FBD table is cleared when no packet
with a source address corresponding to the entry is received within the aging
time. The OSM/ESM assumes that this node no longer exists.
Back pressure
Flow control for ports operating in the half duplex mode. With this type of flow
control, the OSM/ESM reduces the packet rate received at a port if there is
overload in the network by generating additional collisions.
BOOTP
The Bootstrap protocol is used by the OSM/ESM to download the IP address,
subnet mask and address of the default gateway automatically from a BOOTP
server. It is also possible to send the name of a file containing the firmware on
the TFTP server.
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Glossary -1
Glossary
Boot software
The boot software is software integrated on the OSM/ESM that is required to
download the OSM/ESM firmware. The boot software cannot be reloaded.
Boot version
Version of the boot software.
Broadcast address
Packets with a broadcast address can be read by all nodes in the LAN
(destination address FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF).
CLI
Command line interface (see Command interpreter).
Collision
A collision occurs when two DTEs attempt to send at the same time. The
collision is handled according to the procedures defined in IEEE 802.3.
Command interpreter
The command interpreter (CLI) of the OSM/ESM interprets the terminal entries
and executes the corresponding commands.
CRC
Cyclic Redundancy Check - This is used in data transfer protocols to be able to
detect transmission errors (CRC errors) in received packets.
Default
Factory default settings on the OSM/ESM.
Default gateway
The default gateway passes on all packets that are not addressed to stations in
the same LAN (subnet).
DNS server
Every computer attached to the Internet has its own unique IP address. So that
LAN/Internet users do not need to learn the numbers to be able to access a
particular computer in the network, many IP addresses are assigned
alphanumeric names that are managed by DNS servers.
Glossary -2
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Glossary
ESM
SIMATIC NET Industrial Ethernet Electrical Switch Module (has only electrical
ports).
Event log table
A table in which certain events detected by the OSM/ESM are stored in
non-volatile memory for diagnostic purposes. The log table of the RMON MIB is
stored under events and is therefore a dynamic part of the MIB.
Fault mask
The fault mask is used with the OSM/ESM to mask out certain fault events.
Events that are not masked cause the signaling contact to respond and are
displayed by the fault LED.
Filtering database (FDB)
See FDB table
Firmware
Module software, in this case software running on the OSM/ESM.
Firmware version
Version of the OSM/ESM firmware
Flow control
A function on the OSM/ESM with which the number of packets received at the
OSM/ESM can be reduced in case of overload to reduce the risk of packet loss.
Full duplex mode
An OSM/ESM port operating in the full duplex mode can receive and send data
at the same time.
Full duplex flow control
The full duplex flow control of the OSM/ESM operates in compliance with the
IEEE 802.3x standard. If there is overload, the OSM/ESM generates pause
packets that stop or re-enable the sending of new packets by the connected
partner device. The partner device must support full duplex flow control.
Half duplex
An OSM/ESM port operating in the half duplex mode cannot receive and send
data at the same time. Data can only be received and sent alternately.
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Glossary -3
Glossary
Half duplex flow control
see Back pressure
HTML
HTML is the abbreviation for Hypertext Markup Language. Using this language it
is possible to publish documents in a uniform language on the Web. The main
feature of this language is the ability to specify connections to other HTML
documents known as URLs.
IP address
An IP address consists of a numeric code made up of four numbers from 0 to
255 (for example 192.168.0.55). This is the numeric address of a specific
computer in the network/Internet.
Jabbers
Packets with an invalid CRC and a length greater than 1536 bytes.
Java
Programming language developed by Sun.
Java applet
The name for a Java subroutine. On the OSM/ESM, there is a Java applet in the
Web site of the OSM/ESM that updates the device status shown on the Web site
after startup.
Learning
The OSM/ESM automatically learns the MAC addresses and port numbers of the
nodes connected to it and stores the information in the FDB table.
Link status
The valid link from an OSM/ESM port to the port of a partner device is monitored
by link test pulses. A valid link is indicated on the OSM/ESM, for example by the
port status LED being lit (permanent green light).
MAC address
6-byte node address of an Ethernet node.
MIB
Management Information Base. In network management, the database (tree
structure) in which all objects and variables that can be managed are entered.
Glossary -4
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Glossary
Mirroring
Mirroring allows you to mirror (copy) the bi-directional data traffic to an
OSM/ESM port (mirrored port) to another OSM/ESM port (monitor port) and to
record it with a commercially available protocol analyzer for diagnostic purposes.
Multicast address
A packet with a Multicast address can be received by several nodes prepared to
accept this address.
Operative software
see firmware
OSM
SIMATIC NET Industrial Ethernet Optical Switch Module (includes optical and
electrical ports).
Oversize packets
Packets with a valid CRC and a length (packet size, see below) greater than
1536 bytes.
Packet size
Length of a packet from the destination address to the CRC field inclusive.
Partition mode
If more than 60 collisions occur during transmission, the OSM/ESM changes to
the Partition mode. It waits for the first valid package before it returns to the
normal transmission mode. In the Partition mode, it continues to send but no
longer receives (partitioned).
Port
(Ethernet) interface of the OSM/ESM
Port locking
Locking is used to ensure that only packets from authorized stations are passed
on via the OSM/ESM, see Section 2.6.
Port name
A name that can be assigned to every port of an OSM/ESM in the network
management system.
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Glossary -5
Glossary
Power line 1/2
Power supply line 1/2 of the OSM/ESM.
Redundancy manager (RM)
The OSM/ESM operating as the redundancy manager monitors the line of
OSMs/ESMs attached to it. If there is a break on the line, it switches through and
therefore recreates a functioning bus configuration.
Restart
The OSM/ESM can be restarted by the management system (Web Based, CLI,
SNMP).
RM mode
This indicates whether or not an OSM/ESM is operating in the redundancy
manager mode (RM on).
RM status
Indicates whether an OSM/ESM operating as the redundancy manager has
switched the bus connection through (RM active) or not (RM passive).
Remote MONitoring (RMON)
The RMON agent of the OSM/ESM collects data, for example, on network load
that can be queried by a network management station. The OSM/ESM supports
the RMON groups: Statistics, History, Alarm, Event.
RFC
Request for Comment - Standardization document of the Research and
Development group of the Internet, for example for defining protocols,
procedures and services.
RFC 1213
Specifies the MIB II that must be supported by all devices that can be managed
using SNMP. RFC 1213 can be downloaded from the Internet.
http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc1213.html
Serial baud rate
Baud rate of the serial port of the OSM/ESM. The default is 115 Kbauds. The
baud rate can be changed by SNMP or Web-Based Management.
Glossary -6
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Glossary
Signaling contact
Binary contact used with SIMATIC NET network components to signal fault
events.
SMTP server
(Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Server) computer that receives sent mails and
passes them on to the recipient.
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol, nonproprietary LAN management
standard.
Standby cable
Connecting cable (ITP XP standard cable 9/9) for linking the standby master and
standby slave in a redundant coupling.
Standby configuration error
Error in the configuration of the redundant coupling, see /1/, for example faulty or
undetected standby connecting cable.
Standby master
An OSM/ESM in the redundant coupling that handles the coupling of the
connected networks in normal operation.
Standby mode
This is activated by a DIP switch on the OSM/ESM and indicates whether or not
an OSM/ESM is operating as the standby slave (Stby on).
Standby slave
An OSM/ESM in the redundant coupling that takes over the coupling of the
attached networks if an error occurs.
Standby status
This indicates whether or not the standby master or the standby slave has taken
over the coupling of the connected networks in the redundant coupling. Standby
active: The device has taken over the coupling. Standby passive: The device has
not taken over the coupling.
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Glossary -7
Glossary
Static address
Static address stored in the OSM/ESM FDB table (non-volatile). Such addresses
can be configured by the user with Web management or using SNMP.
Subnet mask
The subnet mask decides which part of the IP address is used as the subnet
address. In a Class B network (subnet mask 255.255.0.0), the first two fields of
an IP address (for example 150.215 of the IP address 150.215.017.009)
represent the subnet.
System contact
An SNMP MIB object. Includes contact person/address (for example the
maintenance technician responsible) for a device (maximum of 64 characters).
This can, for example, be written using Web-Based Management.
System location
An SNMP MIB object containing information about the location of a device
(maximum 64 characters). This can, for example, be written using Web-Based
Management.
System name
An SNMP MIB object. The domain name of the OSM/ESM can be entered in this
field (maximum 64 characters). This can, for example, be written using
Web-Based Management.
Sys Up time
This is the time since the OSM/ESM was turned on.
TELNET
Standard protocol for remote login. Allows an interactive connection to be
established to another device via a LAN or the Internet as if directly connected to
the device via a terminal.
TFTP server
In conjunction with this server, the OSM/ESM can provide the following functions
over TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol):
- Download new firmware from the server to the OSM/ESM
- Save the OSM/ESM configuration on the server
- Load the OSM/ESM configuration from the server
- Save the OSM/ESM log table file on the server
Glossary -8
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Glossary
Trap
If certain events occur, the OSM/ESM can generate (SNMP) trap messages and
send them to different nodes, for example management stations. These traps
contain error messages in plain language that can be displayed by a
management station.
Unicast address
A packet with a Unicast (destination) address is intended for only one node with
the corresponding MAC address.
Undersize packets
Packets with a length of less than 64 bytes.
WAN
Wide Area Network
WBM
Web-Based Management - Diagnostics and configuration using a Web browser.
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Glossary -9
A
G
Address type, 4-40
Administrator, 3-2
Agent , 1-2
Aging, 2-6, 4-37
Aging time, 2-6, 4-37
Alarm, 5-3
Autocrossover, 2-3
Autonegotiation, 2-2
Group members , 4-44
B
H
History, 5-3
I
Internet browser, 4-2
IP address, 4-28
BOOTP, 2-14, 4-28
L
C
CLI commands, 3-5
Command interpreter, 1-8, 3-2, 3-3
Current FDB table, 4-38
D
Data window, 4-8
Default gateway, 4-28
Device status field, 4-8
DHCP, 1-8, 2-14, 2-22, 3-12, 4-3, 4-28, 7-4
Duplicity, 2-3
Learned, 4-39
Learned addresses, 2-5
Lock disabled, 2-7
Lock enabled, 2-7
Locking, 2-7
M
E-mail, 2-10, 4-27, 4-31
Event, 5-3
Extended redundant ring configuration, 2-18
MAC address, 4-40
MAC address , 4-38
Management system, 1-2
Memory defaults, 2-4
Menu tree, 4-8
MIB, 1-4, 5-2
Microsoft Internet Explorer, 4-3
Mirrored port , 4-36
Mirroring, 2-8, 4-36
Monitor port, 4-36
Multicast, 4-40
F
N
Factory Defaults, 2-4
Factory defaults, 2-4
Fault mask, 4-21
Fault mask , 4-21
Fault status, 4-20
FDB, 2-5
FDB table, 2-5
Firmware download, 6-3, 6-6
Flow control, 2-13, 4-37
Netscape Communicator, 4-3
Network management protocol, 1-2
E
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P
Password, 4-5
Password protection, 3-2
Port list, 4-40
Index-11
Port pool, 4-44
Power line 1 , 4-19
Power line 2, 4-19
Power monitoring, 4-21
Protected settings, 2-4
R
Redundant ring configuration, 2-17
RM active state, 4-25
RM mode, 4-19
RM status, 4-19
RMON, 4-27
RMON groups, 5-3
S
Serial port baud rate, 4-11
Set new values, 4-11
Signaled faults, 4-25
SMTP, 4-31
SMTP server, 4-31
SNMP, 1-2, 1-3, 5-2
Standby active state, 4-26
Standby cable, 4-18
Standby mask, 4-23
Standby master, 2-17, 4-23
Standby mode, 4-18
Standby ports, 4-23
Standby slave, 2-17, 4-23
Standby status, 4-19
Standby sync ports, 2-17
Static, 4-39
Static addresses, 2-5
Index-12
Static FDB table , 4-40
Statistics, 5-3
Statistics counters, 4-49
Subnet mask, 4-28
System contact, 4-10
System description, 4-10
System location, 4-10
System name, 4-11
System restart, 4-13
System up time, 4-10
T
TELNET, 3-3, 4-27
Test packets, 4-26
TFTP server, 6-6
Transmission rate, 2-3
Traps, 2-9, 4-28, 4-33
U
UDP, 1-3
Unicast, 4-40
User, 3-2
V
Version numbers , 4-11
W
Web-Based Management, 4-2
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