SILVER™ - Browning

07-187-BFA_Silver 12-20 OM.indd 1
Silver
™
Autoloading shotgun
owner’s manual
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Important operating instructions for:
Contents
B r o w n i n g S i l v e r autoloading shotguns
You are Responsible for Firearms Safety.................................................2
If you have any questions about your new firearm, this
owner’s manual or other Browning products, contact:
Nomenclature............................................................................................9
Browning Consumer Information
One Browning Place
Morgan, UT 84050-9326
Phone: (801) 876-2711
www.browning.com
Initial Cleaning........................................................................................10
™
Page
General Description and Operation........................................................9
Serial Number.........................................................................................10
Operation of the “Safety”.......................................................................11
Assembly..................................................................................................12
Disassembly.............................................................................................14
Ammunition............................................................................................15
Please use the space below to record information about
your new firearm.
Magazine Capacity..................................................................................16
Model ___________________________________________________
Loading....................................................................................................18
Serial Number_____________________________________________
Unloading................................................................................................22
Purchased From_ __________________________________________
Date of Purchase___________________________________________
Three-Shot Adaptor (Plug)....................................................................16
Firing.......................................................................................................21
Interchangeable Choke System..............................................................24
Stock Adjustment (Special Models).......................................................28
Extra Barrels............................................................................................29
Mounting a Scope...................................................................................30
THAN K Y OU F OR c h o O s ING a B r o w n i n g S i l v e r S h o t g u n .
The Silver shotgun represents the most advanced gas-operated
technology available in autoloading shotguns. Silver shotguns combine
the best of traditional Browning craftsmanship with advanced
technology. Every detail of the Silver Hunter shotgun is engineered
to provide you the best in handling and reliable operation.
Cleaning and Maintenance Suggestions................................................32
Removal of the Trigger Group and Bolt Assemblies.............................35
Barrel Porting..........................................................................................41
Maintenance of Oil Finish Stocks..........................................................41
Models with Special Finishes.................................................................42
Service or Repair.....................................................................................43
With a reasonable amount of care, your Silver shotgun is designed
to give you many years of dependable, enjoyable service.
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Y o u A r e R e s p o n s i b l e F o r F i r e a r m s S a f e t y Failure to follow any of the following warnings could result
in serious injury or death.
Remember, safe gun handling does not stop with your firearm’s
mechanical “safety” devices, it starts there. Always treat this firearm
with the respect due a loaded, ready-to-fire firearm.
Some firearms do not have a mechanical “safety.” Many target
firearms, lever-action firearms and pistols do not have manual
“safety” mechanisms. Therefore it is critical to read and
understand the owner’s manual for every firearm which explains
the safe operation of the firearm.
There is no excuse for careless or abusive handling of any firearm.
At all times handle this firearm and all other firearms with intense
respect for their power and potential danger.
While it is a good idea to “test” your firearm’s mechanical “safety”
periodically for proper function, never test the “safety” while your
firearm is loaded or pointed in an unsafe direction.
Please read and understand all of the cautions, warnings, notices,
proper handling procedures and instructions outlined in this owner’s
manual before using your new firearm.
3Whenever you handle any firearm, or hand it to someone,
always open the action immediately and visually check the
firearm’s chamber to Make certain that the firearm is
completely unloaded.
Make certain the firearm does not inadvertently contain any
ammunition. Always keep the chamber empty and the “safety”
in the on safe position unless shooting is imminent.
As a gun owner, you accept a set of demanding responsibilities. How
seriously you take these responsibilities can be the difference between
life and death.
1 ALWAYS KEEP THE MUZZLE OF YOUR firearm POINTED IN A SAFE
DIRECTION even though you are certain it is unloaded.
Never point any firearm at anything you do not intend to shoot.
Be extremely alert and aware of all persons and property within
the range of your ammunition.
2Never rely totally on your Firearm’s mechanical “safety”
device. Like any mechanical device, a “Safety” can sometimes
fail; it can be jarred or inadvertently manipulated into an
unsafe condition.
The word “safety” describes a firearm’s trigger block mechanism,
sear block mechanism, hammer block mechanism or firing pin
block mechanism. Mechanical “safeties” are designed to place your
firearm in a safer status, and no guarantee can be made that the
firearm will not fire even if the “safety” is in the on safe position.
Mechanical “safeties” merely aid safe gun handling and are no
excuse for pointing your firearm’s muzzle in an unsafe direction.
See “Operation of the Safety” on page 11 for instructions on the
operation of this firearm’s “safety.”
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4 Always WEAR Ear AND Eye PROTECTION WHEN SHOOTING.
Unprotected, repeated exposure to gunfire can cause hearing
damage. Wear hearing protection (shooting ear plugs or muffs)
to guard against such damage.
Wear shooting glasses to protect your eyes from flying particles.
Allow proper distance (eye relief) between a scope and your eye
when firing a scoped rifle, shotgun or pistol. Do not use
unorthodox shooting methods that could cause the rearward travel
of the slide or bolt of a firearm to contact your eyes, face or hands.
Always keep a safe distance between the muzzle of your firearm
and any persons nearby, as muzzle blast, debris and ejecting shells
could inflict serious injury.
Always wear eye protection when disassembling and cleaning any
firearm to prevent the possibility of springs, spring-tensioned
parts, solvents or other agents from contacting your eyes.
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5Keep all firearms unloaded during transport, even
when stored in a holster, gun case, scabbard or
other container.
6DROPPING or jarring A LOADED FIREARM CAN CAUSE
ACCIDENTAL DISCHARGE.
This can occur even with the “safety” in the on safe position. Be
extremely careful while hunting or during any shooting activity
to avoid dropping any firearm.
7 hunting from elevated surfaces such as treestands
is dangerous.
Doing so may increase the risk of mishandling a firearm. The
following rules should always be observed by you and those you
hunt with. Always make certain that the stand being used is safe
and stable. Always make certain that your firearm is unloaded
when it is being taken up and down from the stand. Always make
certain that your firearm is not dropped from the stand, or
dropped while it is being taken up or down from the stand.
Remember, a loaded firearm may discharge when dropped, even
with the “safety” in the on safe position.
8Store your firearm and ammunition separately, well beyond
the reach of children.
Take prudent safeguards to ensure your firearm does not become
available to untrained, inexperienced or unwelcome hands. Store
all firearms in secure, locked cases or a gun safe. Keep your firearm
unloaded when not in use.
9BEWARE OF BARREL OBSTRUCTIONS.
Mud, snow and an infinite variety of other objects may
inadvertently lodge in a barrel bore. It only takes a small
obstruction to cause dangerously increased pressures that
can damage your firearm and cause serious injury to yourself
and others.
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BEFORE CHECKING FOR A BARREL OBSTRUCTION, BE CERTAIN
YOUR FIREARM IS COMPLETELY UNLOADED, THERE IS Not a
LIVE shell IN THE CHAMBER AND THE “SAFETY” IS IN THE
ON SAFE POSITION.
After assuring yourself that the firearm is completely unloaded,
open the breech or action and look through the barrel to be sure it
is clear of obstructions. If an obstruction is seen, no matter how
small it may be, clean the bore with a cleaning rod and patch as
described on page 32 of this owner’s manual.
10Be alert to the signs of ammunition malfunction. if you
detect an off sound or light recoil when a shell is fired,
do not load another shell into the chamber.
If your firearm fails to fire, keep the muzzle pointed in a safe
direction for a minimum of 30 seconds. Carefully open the action
and remove the shell from the chamber. If the primer is indented,
the defective shell should be disposed of in a way that cannot
cause harm. If the primer is not indented, your firearm should
be examined by a qualified gunsmith and the cause of the
malfunction corrected before further use. Glance down the barrel
to make sure that no obstructions remain in the barrel. Completely
clear the barrel before loading and firing again. Failure to follow
these instructions can cause extensive damage to your firearm and
possible serious injury to yourself and others.
11 never insert a shell of the incorrect gauge into
any firearm.
The gauge of your firearm is marked on the barrel. Store all shells
of different gauges in completely separate and well-marked
containers. Never store shells of mixed gauges in a common
container or in your pockets. See page 15 for more information
on the correct ammunition for your firearm.
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12 examine every shell you put in your firearm.
We assume no responsibility for the use of unsafe or improper
firearm and ammunition combinations or damage or injury
caused by damaged ammunition. It is your responsibility
to read and heed all warnings in this owner’s manual and on
ammunition boxes. See page 15 for more information on the
correct ammunition for your firearm.
13USE ONLY SAAMI APPROVED AMMUNITION.
The barrel and action of this firearm have been made with
substantial safety margins beyond the pressures developed by
established American commercial loads. Nevertheless, we can
assume no liability for incidents which occur through the use of
shells of nonstandard dimensions or which develop pressures
in excess of commercially available ammunition which has been
loaded in accordance with standards established by the Sporting
Arms and Ammunition Manufacturer’s Institute (SAAMI).
14Make sure of adequate ventilation in the area that you
discharge a firearm. Lead exposure can occur from
discharging firearms in poorly ventilated areas, cleaning
firearms or handling ammunition.
Lead is a substance that has been known to cause birth defects,
reproductive harm and other serious injury. Wash hands
thoroughly after exposure to ammunition or after cleaning
a firearm.
15 do not snap the firing pin on an empty chamber; the
chamber may not be empty!
Treat every firearm with the respect due a loaded firearm, even
though you are certain the firearm is unloaded.
16KEEP YOUR Fingers AWAY FROM THE TRIGGER WHILE LOADING
and unloading UNTIL shooting is imminent.
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17BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET AND BACKSTOP, particularly
during low light periods.
Know the range of your ammunition. Never shoot at water or
hard objects.
18 ALWAYS UNLOAD your firearm’s CHAMBER BEFORE CROSSING
A FENCE, CLIMBING A TREE, JUMPING A DITCH OR NEGOTIATING
OTHER OBSTACLES.
Never place your firearm on or against a fence, tree, car or other
similar object.
19BE DEFENSIVE AND ON GUARD AGAINST UNSAFE GUN
HANDLING AROUND YOU AND OTHERS.
Don’t be timid when it comes to firearm safety. If you observe
other shooters violating any of these safety precautions, politely
suggest safer handling practices.
20BE CERTAIN your firearm is UNLOADED BEFORE CLEANING.
Because so many firearm accidents occur when a firearm is being
cleaned, special and extreme care should be taken to be sure your
firearm is unloaded before disassembly, cleaning and reassembly.
Keep ammunition away from the cleaning location. Never test the
mechanical function of any firearm with live ammunition.
21TEACH AND SUPERVISE FIREARMS SAFETY TO ALL MEMBERS OF
YOUR FAMILY, ESPECIALLY TO CHILDREN AND NON-SHOOTERS.
Closely supervise newcomers to the shooting sports. Encourage
enrollment in hunting and shooting safety courses.
22NEVER DRINK ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES OR TAKE ANY TYPE
OF DRUGS BEFORE OR DURING SHOOTING.
Your vision, motor skills and judgment could be dangerously
impaired, making your gun handling unsafe to you and to others.
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23 read AND HEED ALL WARNINGS in this owner’s manual, on
ammunition boxes and with all accessories that you install
on your firearm.
It is your responsibility to secure the most up-to-date information
on the safe handling procedures of your Browning firearm. We
assume no liability for incidents which occur when unsafe or
improper firearm accessories or ammunition combinations
are used.
24Practice periodic MAINTENANCE, AVOID UNAUTHORIZED SERVICING.
Your firearm is a mechanical device which will not last forever,
and as such, is subject to wear and requires periodic inspection,
adjustment and service. Browning firearms should be serviced by
a Browning Recommended Service Facility or by our Service
Facility in Arnold, Missouri. We assume no responsibility for
injuries suffered or caused by unauthorized servicing, alterations
or modifications of Browning firearms.
25WE RESERVE THE RIGHT TO REFUSE SERVICE ON FIREARMS THAT
HAVE BEEN ALTERED, ADDED TO OR SUBSTANTIALLY CHANGED.
Removal of metal from the barrel, or modifications of the firing
mechanism and/or operating parts, may lead to a refusal of service
on such firearms. We will charge you for parts and labor to return
the firearm to original specifications.
DO NOT, UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES, ALTER THE TRIGGER, SAFETY
OR other PARTS OF THE FIRING MECHANISM OF THIS OR ANY
OTHER FIREARM. FAILURE TO OBEY THIS WARNING MAY RESULT IN
INJURY OR DEATH TO YOURSELF OR OTHERS.
B e c a r e f u l !
07-187-BFA_Silver 12-20 OM.indd 8-9
Figure 1
Bolt Handle
Buttstock
Receiver
“Safety”
Recoil Pad
Trigger
Rib
Barrel
Muzzle
Forearm
Magazine Cap
Carrier Release Button
G e n e r a l d e s c r i p t i o n a n d Op e r a t i o n
The Browning Silver shotgun is a gas-operated, autoloading shotgun
capable of quickly firing up to five shells (with the magazine plug
removed, using 2¾" loads), one shell at a time, with each successive
pull of the trigger. Upon firing, high-pressure gases from behind the
shot charge pass through two ports in the barrel, through the gas
bracket and into the gas piston, forcing it and the sleeve bar rearward.
As the sleeve bar moves rearward, the sleeve bar push rod forces the
bolt to the rear, operating the action. As the bolt moves rearward, it
cocks the hammer and ejects the fired shell. After full rearward travel,
the bolt returns forward, picks up a new shell from the magazine and
chambers it automatically. The short-stroke and snug, gas sealing fit of
the gas piston limits the amount of combustion gases blown out of
the gas cylinder and into the receiver. After the last shell has been
fired, the bolt assembly locks to the rear instead of returning forward.
This facilitates fast reloading.
N o m e n c l at u r e
In conventional firearm terminology the position and movement of
firearm parts are described as they occur with the firearm horizontal
and in the normal firing position: i.e., the muzzle is forward or in
front; the buttstock is rearward or to the rear; the trigger is downward
or underneath; the rib is upward or on top. For general parts
nomenclature, refer to Figure 1. For specific parts names related to
disassembly, refer to Figure 2.
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Figure 2
Damage to camouflage, Dura-Touch and other finishes caused by
chemicals is irreversible and not repairable.
C LEANING
Barrel Extension
Gas Bracket
Bolt
Bolt Handle
Bolt Slide
Sleeve Bar Spring
Trigger Group
Sleeve Bar
Magazine Cap
Gas Piston
S e r i a l N u m b e r
The serial number of your Silver shotgun is found on the left side of
the receiver, above the trigger guard. Record this number in the space
provided at the front of this owner's manual for future reference.
Initial Cleaning
NOTICE! PLEASE TAKE NOTE OF THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION BEFORE
CLEANING YOUR FIREARM.
C l e a n i n g P a r t s w i t h Sp e c i a l F i n i s h e s
Be especially careful when cleaning firearms with camouflage,
Dura-Touch® Armor Coating and other special finishes. Always
prevent these surfaces from coming in contact with cleaning solvents,
barrel scrubbers and other strong chemicals. It is preferable to clean
these surfaces with a lightweight gun oil containing no solvents, or
with a damp cloth and mild dish soap (be sure to keep water out of
the action). When cleaning your firearm’s bore and action, protect the
external finishes from any contact with chemicals used. Also, avoid
any contact between external finishes and other strong chemicals like
those found in DEET-containing insect repellents, sunscreens, etc.
10
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Various exposed metal parts of your new firearm have been coated
at the factory with a rust preventative compound. Before assembling
your shotgun, clean the anti-rust compound from the inside of the
barrel, receiver and the action/chamber areas. A high-quality
lightweight gun oil is ideal for removing this compound, and for
giving your new firearm its first lubrication. Clean the barrel using
a cleaning rod and patch as explained under “Cleaning and
Maintenance Suggestions” on page 32.
o p e r a t i o n o f t h e “ S a f e t y ”
Figure 3
Always keep the “safety” in the on safe
position unless shooting is imminent.
Always keep the muzzle pointed in a safe
direction. Failure to follow these warnings
could result in serious injury or death.
The cross bolt “safety” is designed to prevent
the trigger from being pulled when in the
on safe position. The “safety” is located at the
rear of the trigger guard (Figure 3). In the
off safe position, a red warning band is visible
on the safety button on the left side of the
trigger guard.
To place the firearm on safe, press the “safety”
button to the right. To move the “safety” to the
off safe or fire position, press the safety button
to the left. This exposes the red warning band
on the “safety” button (Figure 4).
The thumb “safety” shown in
the “on safe” position.
Figure 4
The thumb “safety” shown in
the “off safe” position.
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Do not depend on the red color alone to indicate your
firearm’s safety status. time, exposure to the elements, and
the abrasive action of cleaning agents can erase it. Failure to
follow this warning could result in serious injury or death.
The “safety” can be reversed from right- to left-handed by a
qualified gunsmith. When installed, the left-handed “safety” will
have the “safety” button’s red warning band on the right side of the
trigger guard.
ASSEM B L Y
ALWAYS KEEP the muzzle pointed in a safe direction. BEFORE
STARTING ASSEMBLY PROCEDURES, VISUALLY INSPECT THE CHAMBER
TO BE ABSOLUTELY CERTAIN THE FIREARM IS COMPLETELY UNLOADED.
place the “safety” in the on safe position. Failure to follow
this warning could result in serious injury or death.
The Silver shotgun is delivered in the box with the barrel removed
and the forearm attached to the magazine tube.
1 Take the receiver in hand. Lock the bolt rearward by pulling the
operating handle fully to the rear.
Notice! NEVER ALLOW THE ACTION TO SLAM CLOSED BY PRESSING THE
CARRIER RELEASE BUTTON WITHOUT THE BARREL INSTALLED. If the
bolt is released forward with the barrel removed, the
operating handle will hit the receiver and cause damage.
2 Remove the forearm from the magazine tube by unscrewing
the magazine cap and sliding the forearm forward, off the
magazine tube.
Notice! Do not squeeze hard on the open rear end of a wood
forearm. Too much pressure could cause the wood to split.
12
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3 The components of the gas
system: the sleeve bar, sleeve
bar spring and gas piston
remain in place and do not
need to be removed except for
cleaning. If these components
have been removed, reinstall
them as explained below.
Otherwise, proceed to step 7.
4 Slide the sleeve bar spring,
sleeve bar, (push rod end first),
onto the magazine tube. Align
the push rod with the correct
slot in the receiver. The push
rod on a Silver 12 gauge model
goes in the slot on the left side
of the receiver (Figure 5). The
push rod on a Silver 20 gauge
model goes in the slot on the
right side of the receiver. Make
sure the sleeve bar spring is
properly positioned in the
sleeve bar.
5 Slide the gas piston into the
gas bracket (Figure 6).
6 Align the gas bracket and gas
piston over the magazine tube
(Figure 7). Slide the gas bracket
and gas piston over the
magazine tube. The barrel
extension should slip solidly
down into the receiver. Make
sure the push rod moves freely
in its slot in the receiver.
Figure 5
Align the push rod with the slot in the receiver
(Silver 12 gauge shown).
Figure 6
The gas piston fits into the gas bracket.
Figure 7
Slide the barrel and piston over the magazine
tube and the barrel extension into the receiver.
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7 Replace the forearm by sliding it onto the magazine tube and over
the gas bracket so it seats securely. Install the magazine cap. Make
sure the magazine cap is fully tightened down. Open and close the
action several times and retighten the magazine cap. This will
ensure a proper seal.
DISASSEM B L Y
ALWAYS KEEP the muzzle pointed in a safe direction. BEFORE
STARTING DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURES, open the action and VISUALLY
INSPECT THE Chamber TO BE ABSOLUTELY CERTAIN THE FIREARM IS
COMPLETELY UNLOADED. place the “safety” in the on safe
position. Failure to follow this warning could result in
serious injury or death.
1 Unscrew the magazine cap and remove it.
2 Remove the forearm by sliding it forward off the magazine tube.
3 For cleaning, remove the barrel, gas piston, sleeve bar and sleeve
bar spring by sliding them forward off the magazine tube.
See “Cleaning and Maintenance Suggestions” on page 32 for
cleaning procedures.
If you are disassembling for storage, return the sleeve bar spring,
sleeve bar and piston onto the magazine tube. Reinstall the
forearm over the magazine tube and screw on the magazine cap.
You will then have two compact units: the barrel, and the action
with stock and forearm.
Notice! AFTER THE BARREL HAS BEEN REMOVED, LEAVE THE BOLT
IN THE rearward POSITION. DO NOT PRESS THE CARRIER RELEASE
BUTTON. If the bolt is released forward with the barrel
removed, the operating handle will strike the receiver,
causing damage.
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07-187-BFA_Silver 12-20 OM.indd 14-15
Ammunition
use only shells of the correct gauge and length. The gauge
and length of the chamber is inscribed on the side of the
barrel. Do not use ammunition other than what is inscribed
on the side of the barrel. Examine every shell you put in your
shotgun. failure to follow this warning could result in
serious injury or death and cause damage to your shotgun.
Use shells of the correct length. Do not use 3" or 3½" shells
in a barrel with a 2¾" or 2½" chamber, or 3½" shells in a
barrel with a 3" chamber. Doing so can result in a buildup of
dangerously high pressures. failure to follow this warning
could result in serious injury or death and cause damage to
your shotgun.
do not put a 16 or 20 gauge shell in a 12 gauge shotgun. do
not put a 28 gauge shell in a 20 gauge shotgun. do not put a
.410 bore shell in a 28 gauge shotgun. never put metallic
cartridges of any kind in a shotgun. specifically, never put
centerfire rifle or pistol cartridges in a shotgun chambered
for .410 bore. failure to follow this warning could result in
serious injury or death and cause damage to your shotgun.
The most certain way to bulge or rupture a shotgun barrel is to load
a smaller gauge shell into a larger gauge chamber. The smaller gauge
shell will not fall completely through the barrel; its rim is caught by
the front of a larger gauge chamber or at the larger gauge’s choke.
Your shotgun will misfire (with the chamber appearing to be empty).
It is then possible to load the correct gauge shell behind the smaller
gauge shell. If the shotgun is then fired, the result will be a so-called
“12-16, 12-20, 20-28 or 28-.410 burst” which can cause extensive
damage to your shotgun and possible serious injury to you and others.
15
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We can assume no responsibility for incidents which occur through
the use of shells of nonstandard dimension or those developing
pressures in excess of SAAMI (Sporting Arms and Ammunition
Manufacturer’s Institute) established standards.
Silver 20 gauge, 2¾" chamber models will shoot all 20 gauge 7/8 oz.
factory lead and steel loads. Silver 20 gauge, 3" chamber models will
shoot all 20 gauge 7/8 oz. factory lead and steel 2¾" and 3" field loads.
Silver 12 gauge, 3" chamber models will shoot all 1 oz. and heavier
factory lead and steel 12 gauge 2¾" and 3" field loads. Silver 3½"
chamber models will shoot all 11/8 oz. and heavier factory lead and
steel 12 gauge 2¾", 3" and 3½" field loads.
M a g a z i n e c a p a c i t y
With the magazine three-shot adapter (plug) removed, Silver 2¾"
shotguns will hold four 2¾" shells in the magazine. Silver 3"
shotguns will hold four 2¾" or three 3" shells in the magazine.
Silver 3½" shotguns will hold four 2¾" shells, or three 3" or 3½"
shells in the magazine.
three-shot adapter (Plug)
ALWAYS KEEP the muzzle pointed in a safe direction. BEFORE
removing or installing the three-shot adaptor, completely
unload the shotgun. open the action and VISUALLY INSPECT
THE CHAMBER, feed mechanism and magazine TO BE ABSOLUTELY
CERTAIN THE FIREARM IS COMPLETELY UNLOADED. place the “safety”
in the on safe position. Failure to follow this warning could
result in serious injury or death.
WEAR EYE PROTECTION WHEN removing or installing the
three-shot adaptor TO PREVENT springs, spring-loaded
parts, SOLVENTS OR OTHER AGENTS FROM CONTACTING YOUR
EYES, resulting in injury.
16
07-187-BFA_Silver 12-20 OM.indd 16-17
The Silver shotgun is delivered
with the magazine three-shot
adapter (plug) installed in the
magazine, limiting magazine
capacity to two shells in
compliance with federal migratory
bird regulations. If you do not
wish to be limited to three shots,
when it is not required by law, you
can remove (or reinstall) the
three-shot adapter as follows:
Removing the three-shot
adaptor (plug)
Figure 8
Depress the magazine spring retainer tab and
ease out the retainer.
Figure 9
1 Unscrew the magazine cap and
remove it, the forearm, barrel
and gas piston.
2 The magazine three-shot
adapter is located underneath
the magazine spring retainer
located in the forward end of
the magazine tube. To remove
the magazine spring retainer,
depress the magazine spring
retainer tab, located in the
window on the magazine tube
while keeping your hand on
the magazine spring retainer
(Figure 8). Slowly remove the
magazine spring retainer as it
is under pressure from the
magazine spring (Figure 9).
Remove the magazine threeshot adapter (Figure 10).
Remove the magazine spring and plug.
Figure 10
Remove the plug from the end of the magazine spring.
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3 Compress the magazine spring back into the magazine tube and
replace the magazine spring retainer. Make sure the magazine
spring retainer tab is locked in place in the slot in the magazine.
the chamber. Failure to follow
these warnings could result
in serious injury or death.
4 Reinstall the gas piston, barrel, forearm and magazine cap.
There are two methods used to
load a shell into the chamber
of the 12 gauge Silver shotgun:
loading through the ejection port
and from the magazine. 20 gauge
models may be loaded by these two
methods or using the Speed
Loading feature.
I n s ta l l i n g t h e t h r e e - s h o t a d a p t o r ( p l u g )
If you need to install the magazine three-shot adaptor (plug) to
limit your shotgun magazine to three shells, again perform the
following operation:
1 Unscrew the magazine cap and remove it, the forearm, barrel and
gas piston.
2 Carefully remove the magazine spring retainer as explained
previously, maintaining control of the magazine spring.
3 Insert the three-shot adaptor (plug) into the magazine and use the
three-shot adapter to force the magazine spring into the magazine
until the base of the three-shot adapter is level with the end of the
magazine tube.
4 Replace the magazine spring retainer. Make sure the magazine
spring retainer tab is locked in place in the slot in the magazine.
5 Reinstall the gas piston, barrel, forearm and magazine cap.
Loading
When loading your shotgun Always keep the muzzle pointed
in a safe direction, Always place the “sAFETY” IN THE ON SAFE
position and keep your fingers away from the trigger.
Failure to follow these warnings could result in serious
injury or death.
Do not carry your shotgun with a shell in the chamber to
avoid accidental discharge. when firing is no longer imminent,
make sure the “safety” is in the on safe position and unload
18
07-187-BFA_Silver 12-20 OM.indd 18-19
Figure 11
Position the shell fully forward in the magazine.
loading the magazine
1 Pull the operating handle to the rear until the bolt locks in the
open position. Visually inspect the chamber, feed mechanism
and magazine to make sure they are unloaded and clear of any
obstructions.
2 Close the bolt by pressing the carrier release button.
3 Insert a shell of the proper gauge and length through the loading
port at the bottom of the receiver up into the magazine, using
your thumb to position it fully forward in the magazine tube
(Figure 11). Make certain the rim of the shell engages the shell
stop and is held fully inside the magazine tube. It will make an
audible click when fully inserted.
4 If desired, continue loading the magazine until it is full.
L o a d i n g t h e c h a m b e r M a n u a l ly f r o m t h e M a g a z i n e
1 With the bolt closed, depress the carrier with the front of the shell
and, using your thumb, push the shell into the magazine until the
shell is held in place by the shell stop.
2 If desired, continue to load the magazine, as explained above, to
full capacity.
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1/16/08 12:14:48 PM
3 If firing is imminent, a shell
can now be moved from the
magazine to the chamber by
pulling back fully on the
operating handle and releasing
it forward. A shell will be fed
automatically from the
magazine to the chamber as
the bolt closes. Another shell
can then be inserted into
the magazine to load to
full capacity.
Figure 12
the magazine tube (Figure 11). Make sure the rim of the shell
engages the shell stop and is held fully inside the magazine tube. It
will make an audible click when fully inserted.
THE SHOTGUN IS now READY TO FIRE BY SIMPLY MOVING THE “SAFETY”
TO THE “OFF SAFE” POSITION and pulling the trigger.
Sp e e d L o a d i n g ( 2 0 g a u g e o n ly )
Insert a shell through the ejection port into
the breech.
THE SHOTGUN IS now READY TO FIRE BY SIMPLY MOVING THE “SAFETY”
TO THE “OFF SAFE” POSITION and pulling the trigger.
L o a d i n g t h e c h a m b e r t h r o u g h t h e e j e c t i o n p o r t 1 Pull the operating handle to the rear until the bolt locks in the
open position. Visually inspect the chamber, feed mechanism and
magazine to make sure they are clear of any obstructions.
2 Insert a shell of the proper gauge and length through the ejection
port into the open breech (Figure 12).
3 Press the carrier release button to deliver the shell into the
chamber. The chamber is now loaded.
1 With the bolt open, insert a shell into the magazine (Figure 11).
The shell will be automatically cycled from the magazine to
the chamber.
Keep your fingers clear of the ejection port when loading the
shotgun using the Speed Loading procedure. Failure to follow
this warning could result in injury.
2 If desired, load the magazine to full capacity by inserting a shell of
proper gauge and length through the loading port at the bottom of
the receiver up into the magazine, using your thumb to position it
fully forward in the magazine tube (Figure 11). Make sure the rim
of the shell engages the shell stop and is held fully inside the
magazine tube. It will make an audible click when fully inserted.
THE SHOTGUN IS now READY TO FIRE BY SIMPLY MOVING THE “SAFETY”
TO THE “OFF SAFE” POSITION and pulling the trigger.
Keep your fingers clear of the ejection port whenever closing
the action with the carrier release button. Failure to follow
this warning could result in injury.
F IRING
4 With a shell in the chamber, you may load the magazine to full
capacity. To load the magazine, insert a shell of proper gauge and
length through the loading port at the bottom of the receiver up
into the magazine, using your thumb to position it fully forward in
never load a shell into the chamber or place the “safety” in
the off safe position unless shooting is imminent. Always keep
the muzzle pointed in a safe direction. Failure to follow these
warnings could result in serious injury or death.
20
07-187-BFA_Silver 12-20 OM.indd 20-21
21
1/16/08 12:14:49 PM
1 Load a shell into the chamber as explained previously and
immediately place the “safety” in the on safe position.
2 With a shell in the chamber, you need only move the “safety” to
the off safe position to fire the shotgun.
3 When ready to fire, move the “safety” into the off safe position,
take aim and squeeze the trigger.
After a shell is fired, the gas system ejects the fired shell and picks up
a loaded shell from the magazine and automatically chambers it.
You may continue to fire the shotgun until the magazine is empty by
pulling the trigger to fire each shell. After the last shell is fired, the
breech of the shotgun remains open, with the bolt locked to the rear.
This allows convenient and fast reloading.
If you are done shooting, leave the bolt locked to the rear, with the
breech in the open position so that you may visually inspect the
chamber, bore, carrier and magazine to be sure they contain no shells.
ALWAYS INSPECT THE CHAMBER, barrel, feed mechanism and
mAGaZINE CAREFULLY AFTER UNLOADING TO BE SURE ALL LIVE shells
ARE CLEARED FROM THE firearm.
U n l o a d i n g by C yc l i n g t h e Ac t i o n
1 Grasp the bolt handle and cycle the action until all shells are
transferred from the magazine to the chamber and then ejected.
Take care to avoid damaging shells. Avoid letting them fall to
the ground.
2 When the last shell in the magazine has been cycled through the
chamber and out the ejection port, the bolt will lock rearward.
The bolt will lock rearward when cycled with an empty magazine.
3 Using your index finger, feel the entry of the magazine to make
sure there are no shells that have not been fed from the magazine
and ejected. Visually inspect the chamber, feed mechanism and
magazine to assure there are no shells remaining.
U n l o a d i n g f r o m t h e M a g a z i n e ( 1 2 g a u g e m o d e l s o n ly )
After firing, or when shooting is no longer imminent,
immediately PLACE THE “SAFETY” IN THE ON SAFE POSITION.
Failure to follow these warnings could result in serious
injury or death.
EVEN WITH THE bolt LOCKED OPEN AFTER SHOOTING, DO NOT ASSUME
the SHOTGUN IS UNLOADED. ALWAYS INSPECT THE CHAMBER, barrel,
feed mechanism AND MAGAZINE TO BE certain THE shotgun is
completely unloaded. Failure to follow these warnings could
result in serious injury or death.
Unloading
when unloading your shotgun Always place the “safety” in the
on safe position. keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction
and your fingers away from the trigger. Failure to follow
these warnings could result in serious injury or death.
22
07-187-BFA_Silver 12-20 OM.indd 22-23
1 Turn the shotgun over so the trigger guard is facing up, then push
the carrier down with your finger as far as it will go.
2 Shells are retained in the magazine by the shell stop, which catches
the rim of the shell base. On 12 gauge models, locate the shell stop
inside the receiver on the right
side of the loading port (visually Figure 13
to the left side when looking
down into the loading port).
3 Push inward on the shell stop
with your index finger
(Figure 13) to release a shell
from the magazine. As the shell
stop is pressed in, the shell will
be forced out of the magazine
under spring pressure. Capture
the shell as it comes out.
Push inward on the shell stop to unload the magazine.
23
1/16/08 12:14:50 PM
4 Press the stop again to release the next shell. Continue to do this
until the magazine is empty. Be careful not to pinch your finger.
5 With the “safety” in the on safe position, pull rearward on the
bolt handle to eject the shell from the chamber. The bolt will lock
rearward when the action is cycled with an empty magazine.
6 Using your index finger, feel the entry of the magazine to make
sure there are no shells that have not been fed from the magazine
and ejected. Visually inspect the chamber, feed mechanism and
magazine to assure there are no shells remaining.
I n t e r c h a n g e a b l e C h o k e t u b e Sy s t e m
NEVER ATTEMPT TO REMOVE OR INSTALL A choke tube iN A LOADED
FIREARM. whenever removing or installing a choke tube in a
shotgun, Always keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction.
completely unload the shotgun. open the action and VISUALLY
INSPECT THE CHAMBER, feed mechanism and magazine TO BE
ABSOLUTELY CERTAIN THE FIREARM IS COMPLETELY UNLOADED.
Always place the "sAFETY" IN THE ON SAFE position and keep
your fingers away from the trigger. Failure to follow these
warnings could result in serious injury or death.
DO NOT FIRE THIS SHOTGUN WITHOUT the correct cHOKE TUBE
INSTALLed. Permanent damage May result to the threads inside
the barrel.
USE ONLY THE APPROPRIATE GAUGE AND TYPE OF CHOKE TUBES,
MARKED INVECTOR-PLUS or Standard INVECTOR, DEPENDING ON
YOUR SHOTGUN.
Invector-Plus choke tubes are for use only in Browning
shotguns with back-bored barrels, and are not interchangeable
with Standard Invector choke tubes. Do not use Invector-Plus
tubes in barrels threaded for Standard Invector tubes.
24
07-187-BFA_Silver 12-20 OM.indd 24-25
Standard Invector tubes are for use only in Browning
shotguns, and are not interchangeable with Invector-Plus
choke tubes. Do not use Standard Invector tubes in barrels
threaded for Invector-Plus tubes.
DO NOT USE BROWNING Standard INVECTOR or invector plus CHOke
TUBES IN ANY SHOTGUN BARRELS NOT SUPPLIED BY BROWNING. DO
NOT USE ANY OTHER CHOKING DEVICE IN ANY SHOTGUN BARRELS
SUPPLIED BY BROWNING.
Failure to follow these warnings may cause injury or death
and cause damage to your shotgun.
All Silver shotgun barrels are threaded to accept the Invector-Plus™
choke system. Standard Invector and Invector-Plus tubes are not
interchangeable. Confirm the choke system of your shotgun by looking
on the right side of the barrel where the specifications are inscribed,
where the choke markings are normally located.
The constriction of each choke tube is indicated twice on the choke
tube: on the side of the tube, and indicated with a “notch” code on the
top rim of the tube. The included universal choke tube wrench is used
to remove and install choke tubes.
Invector choke tubes are compatible with factory ammunition that has
been loaded in compliance with SAAMI specifications, including
magnum lead and steel shot loads, sabots and shotgun slug loads.
Replacement and additional tubes and wrenches are available from
your Browning dealer, or by contacting the Browning Consumer
Department. See page 43 for contact information.
C h o k e TU B E SELE C TION
To help you choose the correct choke tube for each hunting and
shooting situation, all Browning Invector choke tubes are inscribed
on the side with the patterns they produce with both lead and steel
shot. Each Invector tube also has notches in the top rim of the tube
(Figure 14). These notches are a code to allow you to determine the
choke designation while the tube is installed. Rim notches refer
25
1/16/08 12:14:50 PM
specifically to lead shot. You will need to use the charts on the next
page to cross-reference from lead to steel, and determine the
appropriate tube for your ammunition and hunting/shooting situation.
Figure 14
O n e N o t c h
T h r e e N o t c h e s
F i v e N o t c h e s
T w o N o t c h e s
F o u r N o t c h e s
N o N o t c h e s
R i m
Notches
P a t t e r n w i t h
L e a d S h o t
P a t t e r n w i t h
S t e e l S h o t
Extended**
X-Full Turkey
**
I
Full
*
II
I m p. M o d i f i e d
Full1
III
Modified
Full1
Several choke tubes are supplied with your shotgun. The choke tubes
listed are also available as accessories. Remember, Standard Invector
and Invector-Plus tubes are not interchangeable. Invector-Plus tubes
are for Browning shotguns with back-bored barrels only. Before
removing or installing tubes, or reading the rim notch code, make sure
your shotgun is completely unloaded.
C h o k e TU B E REMOVAL 1 Place the “safety” in the on safe position. Always make sure the
shotgun is completely unloaded. Always keep the muzzle pointed
in a safe direction.
2 Use the choke tube wrench to loosen the tube, turning it
counterclockwise. Finger-twist the tube the rest of the way
out of the barrel.
C h o k e TU B E INSTALLATION
1 Place the “safety” in the on safe position. Always make sure the
shotgun is completely unloaded. Always keep the muzzle pointed in
a safe direction.
2 Before installing a tube, check the internal choke tube threads in the
muzzle, as well as the threads on the choke tube to be sure they are
clean. Lightly oil the threads with a high-quality, lightweight
gun oil.
3 Using your fingers, screw the appropriate tube into the muzzle of
the barrel, tapered end first, notched end outward. When it is
finger-tight, use the choke tube wrench to firmly seat the tube.
NOTICE! The choke tube should be periodically checked to
assure that it is tight and firmly seated. Before checking,
follow all choke tube removal and installation safety
guidelines previously outlined.
26
07-187-BFA_Silver 12-20 OM.indd 26-27
*
IIII
I m p. C y l i n d e r
Modified
IIIII
Skeet
I m p. C y l i n d e r
No Notches
Cylinder
Cylinder
Not for use with steel shot. Using an over-tight choke constriction with
steel shot will result in an ineffective “blown” pattern.
**
Extra Full Special, extended with ports. Do not use with steel shot.
1
When more than one choke designation is listed for a given steel shot
pattern, use the more open choke listed for high velocity, larger shot size
steel loads.
27
1/16/08 12:14:51 PM
S t o ck A d j u s t m e n t ( Sp e c i a l m o d e l s )
Figure 15
Figure 16
Locate the two slits in the recoil pad and
loosen the screws that hold the recoil pad
in place.
The stock spacers fit between the recoil pad
and buttstock.
The stock of some Silver shotguns can be adjusted for length of pull
by adding or removing spacers to the rear of the stock. Each spacer
extends length of pull ¼" and a maximum of three spacers can be
added with the screws provided to extend length of pull ¾". With
longer screws (not provided), more than three spacers can be added
to further extend length of pull.
Spacers can be ordered through your Browning dealer or by calling
our Customer Service Department at (800) 322-4626.
T o A d j u s t L e n g t h o f P u l l
Before performing adjustment procedures, place the “safety”
in the on safe position. open the action and make certain YOUR
shotgun IS completely UNLOADED. Keep the muzzle pointed in a
safe direction. Failure to follow these warnings could result
in serious injury or death.
1 Use a #2 cross tip or Phillips screwdriver to remove the recoil pad
at the end of the buttstock (Figure 15). Place a small amount of
petroleum jelly on the screw access slits on the top and bottom of
the rear of the buttstock to prevent damaging the recoil pad. Insert
the screwdriver into each of the two access holes. Make certain the
tip of the screwdriver engages the head of the screw. Turn the
screw counterclockwise until the screw is completely loose from
the stock. When both screws are free, remove the recoil pad.
2 Add or subtract spacers to fit your firearm to your specifications
(Figure 16). After making an adjustment hold the shotgun to your
shoulder to determine if the new length feels comfortable.
Remember to always keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction,
with the “safety” in the on safe position and make certain the
shotgun is completely unloaded.
3 When you are satisfied with the length of pull, start the screws
through the pad and spacer(s) into the holes in the stock.
28
07-187-BFA_Silver 12-20 OM.indd 28-29
4 Attach the recoil pad to the stock using the screwdriver. Turn the
screws clockwise to tighten. Do not overtighten the screws.
Extra Barrels
Before installing accessory barrels on your shotgun, read
the following guidelines to ensure the barrel/shotgun
combination is safe. place the “safety” in the on safe position.
open the action and make certain YOUR shotgun IS completely
UNLOADED. Keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction. Failure
to follow these warnings could result in serious injury
or death.
The versatility of your new shotgun can be extended with an extra
barrel. All shotgun barrels are interchangeable within a given gauge
and chamber length. No special fitting is required. However, some
important restrictions must be observed:
• Never use a barrel with a 3½" chamber on a shotgun designed for
barrels with a 3" chamber.
• Never use a barrel with a 3" chamber on a shotgun designed for
barrels with a 3½" chamber.
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1/16/08 12:14:52 PM
• Never use any other barrel from any other manufacturer on your
shotgun. Some other brands may seem similar, but the barrels are
not interchangeable.
• Never use a barrel from any other Browning shotgun.
M o u n t i n g a Sc o p e
Before mounting a scope, sight or other accessories to your
shotgun, place the “safety” in the on safe position. open the
action and make certain YOUR shotgun IS completely UNLOADED.
Keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction. Failure to follow
these warnings could result in serious injury or death.
Some Silver shotguns are designed to accept a scope or other optical
sight; usually these are turkey and deer models. The receivers of some
of these models are drilled and tapped for scope bases, while other
models are equipped with a cantilever scope base. If your shotgun has
a cantilever scope base, follow the mounting instructions supplied
with your scope rings and/or scope. If your shotgun’s receiver is
drilled and tapped for scope mounts, three holes (in line on top of the
receiver) will be visible. They are fitted with filler screws. If your
shotgun is drilled and tapped, adhere to the following:
Notice! your shotgun is drilled and tapped for the mounting
of bases and rings to accommodate an appropriate scope or
sight. always use the correct bases for this shotgun with the
appropriate length screws which are at least 11/32 " in length.
1 Place your shotgun on a table or other safe/secure location.
Protect the finish with rags or other padding.
2 You should have a compatible one-piece style base and three
screws of at least 11/32" in length.
3 Clean all oil, grease or dirt from the receiver top and from the
scope base parts.
30
07-187-BFA_Silver 12-20 OM.indd 30-31
4 Position your shotgun in the upright position with the top of
the receiver upward.
5 Remove all three filler screws from the top of the receiver using
a very small, thin-bladed gunsmithing-type screwdriver.
6 Pre-position the base on the receiver top to determine the best
orientation of the base. Most bases have transverse grooves cut
into them that are offset from the middle. These are the grooves
that the crossbolts in your scope rings will pass through. The
grooves are offset to allow you to position the bases to fit the
design/length of your scope and the placement of the scope front
to rear for proper eye relief. Place both grooves to the rear, both
to the front, or one in each direction, depending on the desired
position of your scope.
7 Once you know which configuration you will use, insert the screws
through the base and screw it into the receiver top using the
correct wrench or screwdriver (usually a 3/32" hex wrench).
You must use screws which are at least 11/32" in length to ensure
proper thread engagement. Once the bases are installed, check
inside the receiver to verify that the base mounting screws are not
too long and interfering with the operation of the bolt.
Many gunsmiths find it helpful to use a drop of serviceable blue
thread locking compound to assure the screws stay tight. Make
sure the thread locking compound does not get into the action.
Be careful to assure that the threads of each screw engage properly
in the threads in the receiver to prevent stripping the threads in
the receiver.
8 Tighten the screws snugly, but do not overtighten.
9 Mount your scope rings and scope as outlined in the instructions
supplied with your scope rings and/or scope. Always make sure
you have the proper eye relief. Always make sure that the saddle
crossbolts and cap bolts are fully tightened before using
your shotgun.
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1/16/08 12:14:53 PM
C LEANING a n d m a i n t e n a n c e SUGGESTIONS
C LEANING TH e b a r r e l
NOTICE! PLEASE TAKE NOTE OF THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION BEFORE
CLEANING YOUR FIREARM.
Your Silver shotgun will function better and more reliably over a
longer period of time if it is properly maintained and kept clean. You
should clean your shotgun after every day of shooting, and more often
if it becomes excessively dirty. The barrel should be cleaned and the
action wiped clean and oiled after every day of shooting. The gas
system should require only occasional cleaning.
C l e a n i n g P a r t s w i t h Sp e c i a l F i n i s h e s
Be especially careful when cleaning firearms with camouflage,
Dura-Touch® Armor Coating and other special finishes. Always
prevent these surfaces from coming in contact with cleaning solvents,
barrel scrubbers and other strong chemicals. It is preferable to clean
these surfaces with a lightweight gun oil containing no solvents or
with a damp cloth and mild dish soap (be sure to keep water out of
the action). When cleaning your firearm’s bore and action, protect the
external finishes from any contact with chemicals used. Also avoid any
contact between external finishes and other strong chemicals like
those found in DEET-containing insect repellents, sunscreens, etc.
Damage to camouflage, Dura-Touch and other finishes caused by
chemicals is irreversible and not repairable.
BEFORE PERFORMING CLEANING PROCEDURES, place the “safety” in
the on safe position. open the action and make certain YOUR
shotgun IS completely UNLOADED. Keep the muzzle pointed in a
safe direction. Failure to follow these warnings could result
in serious injury or death.
WEAR EYE PROTECTION WHEN DISASSEMBLING AND CLEANING YOUR
shotgun TO PREVENT springs, spring-loaded parts, SOLVENTS OR
OTHER AGENTS FROM CONTACTING YOUR EYES, resulting in injury.
Keep all ammunition away from the cleaning area. Never
test the mechanical function of your shotgun with live
ammunition. Failure to follow these warnings could result
in serious injury or death.
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07-187-BFA_Silver 12-20 OM.indd 32-33
Normal maintenance can be accomplished with the barrel still
attached to the receiver (oiling and wiping down). More careful
cleaning requires removal of the barrel from the receiver (cleaning the
barrel), and the removal of the gas piston, sleeve bar and sleeve bar
spring components. A complete cleaning requires removal of the bolt
and trigger group.
If a malfunction occurs, perform a thorough cleaning to see if it solves
the problem before seeking the services of a Browning Recommended
Service Center, the Browning Service Facility in Arnold, Missouri, or a
qualified gunsmith.
1 Place the “safety” in the on safe position. Open the action and
inspect the chamber and magazine to make certain they do not
contain any shells. Keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction.
2 Remove the forearm and barrel as explained under “Disassembly”
on page 14.
3 Using a shotgun cleaning rod with tip and patch large enough for
a snug fit in the bore, insert the rod and a lightly oiled patch in the
breech end of the barrel and run back and forth through the bore
several times. Remove and wipe the choke tube, threads and barrel
threads with a nylon brush and lightly oil.
4 Inspect the bore from both ends for leading and plastic residue
that often remain in the bores from the shot cups in modern
shells. Leading and plastic residue will appear as longitudinal
streaks and are usually more predominant near the muzzle and
just forward of the chamber. A normal amount of either is
common and not serious.
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1/16/08 12:14:53 PM
5 If leading or plastic residue seems excessive you can remove it by
brushing the bore with a brass brush. Soak the brush or spray the
bore with a powder solvent first. Scrub until clean. To prevent
bristles from breaking off, push the brush fully through the barrel
each time before pulling it back through.
removal of heavy carbon
fouling on the tube and inside
the gas piston. Do not remove
the spring inside of the piston.
Never use a steel brush on any
of the gas components.
MOST SOLVENTS ARE HIGHLY FLAMMABLE. WEAR EYE PROTECTION and
practice APPROPRIATE SAFETY MEASURES WHEN WORKING WITH
SOLVENTS to avoid serious injury.
3 Complete the cleaning of the
gas system by applying a very
light film of oil to all parts for
protection and lubrication.
6 After all leading and plastic residues have been removed, run a
clean, dry patch through the bore. Follow this with a final, lightly
oiled patch.
7 Reassemble the shotgun and wipe all exposed metal surfaces with
an oiled cloth making sure to wipe away all finger marks where
moisture could accumulate.
8 Inspect the barrel and chamber to be certain no patches have
inadvertently been left in them. Remove any that remain.
9 Lightly oil your firearm at the points described under “Periodic
Oiling” below. Regular, light oiling is extremely important to the
durability and reliable operation of your shotgun.
10 The wood surfaces can also be wiped with a quality, lightweight
gun oil or they can be polished with any quality furniture wax
(but not both).
C LEANING THE GAS S Y STEM
1 Remove the gas piston, sleeve bar spring and sleeve bar from the
magazine tube as explained in “Disassembly” on page 14.
2 Spray the magazine tube, gas piston and sleeve bar with gun
solvent and brush them thoroughly with a nylon brush to remove
any deposits. It will be easier to remove the sleeve bar spring to
clean the interior of the sleeve bar. Spray the inside of the gas
piston. A green Scotch-Brite® kitchen scrub pad works best for
34
07-187-BFA_Silver 12-20 OM.indd 34-35
Figure 17
Occasionally place a drop of light gun oil on the
rails inside the receiver.
p e r i o d i c o i l i n g
The metal parts of a firearm should receive a light film of oil after the
firearm has been exposed to weather or handling.
Occasionally, a drop of lightweight gun oil may be placed inside
the receiver on the rails on which the bolt slides (Figure 17), and
on the surface of the magazine tube, where the gas piston slides.
This will help relieve friction and ensure smooth operation.
If the firearm has been exposed to excessive dust, dirt, mud or water,
the principal working parts including the gas system, should be wiped
clean and lubricated with a light film of quality, lightweight gun oil.
NOTICE! Do not place large quantities of oil into the action.
excess oil will run back into the wood of the stock softening
the wood, with consequential loosening of the stock.
r e m o v a l o f t h e T r i g g e r G r o u p a n d B o l t A s s e m b l i e s
BEFORE PERFORMING CLEANING PROCEDURES, place the “safety” in
the on safe position. open the action and make certain YOUR
shotgun IS completely UNLOADED. Keep the muzzle pointed in a
safe direction. Failure to follow these warnings could result
in serious injury or death.
35
1/16/08 12:14:54 PM
WEAR EYE PROTECTION WHEN DISASSEMBLING AND CLEANING YOUR
shotgun TO PREVENT springs, spring-loaded parts, SOLVENTS OR
OTHER AGENTS FROM CONTACTING YOUR EYES, resulting in injury.
Keep all ammunition away from the cleaning area. Never
test the mechanical function of your shotgun with live
ammunition. Failure to follow these warnings could result
in serious injury or death.
The trigger group and bolt can be removed if the action becomes
excessively dirty or wet. If this occurs, disassemble the action for a
complete cleaning as explained in the following sections. The trigger
group and bolt assembly of your Silver shotgun are designed to be
removed in the field, without special tools.
Disassembly of the action involves the removal of the bolt assembly
and the trigger group. Disassembly beyond this point should only be
performed by a qualified gunsmith.
removing the trigger group
1 Place the bolt in the forward position by holding the operating
handle and depressing the carrier release button.
Notice! NEVER ALLOW THE ACTION TO SLAM CLOSED BY PRESSING THE
CARRIER RELEASE BUTTON WITHOUT THE BARREL INSTALLED. If the
bolt is released forward with the barrel removed, the
operating handle will hit the receiver and cause damage.
2 Use a punch or similar object to push inward on the trigger guard
pins, taking care not to scratch the receiver (Figure 18). Trigger
group pins may be removed from either side of the receiver. Push
the trigger group pins through the receiver. Pull on them from the
opposite side to remove them (Figure 19).
3 Grasp the trigger guard and pull it up and out of the receiver
(Figure 20).
36
07-187-BFA_Silver 12-20 OM.indd 36-37
4 Perform any cleaning of the
parts and receiver cavity as
necessary. We suggest cleaning
the trigger group with a quality
aerosol gun solvent. Allow it to
dry and then very lightly oil the
moving parts.
Notice! DO NOT DISASSEMBLE
THE TRIGGER GROUP BEYOND
THIS POINT.
r e i n s ta l l at i o n o f t h e trigger group
1 Make sure the bolt is in the
forward position.
Figure 18
Push the trigger group pins through the receiver.
Figure 19
2 Insert the trigger group into the
receiver. Align the holes in the
trigger group with the holes on
each side of the receiver.
3 Reinsert the trigger guard pins
and gently tap them into place
with a plastic or wooden mallet,
again using caution not to
scratch the receiver.
Grasp the pins and remove them.
Figure 20
r e m o v i n g t h e b o lt a s s e m b ly
1 To remove the bolt assembly
it is preferred to first remove
the trigger group, as explained
previously.
2 Remove the barrel, gas piston,
sleeve bar and sleeve bar spring
as explained previously.
Lift the trigger group from the receiver.
37
1/16/08 12:14:56 PM
3 Place the bolt in the forward
position by holding the
operating handle and depressing
the carrier release button.
Notice! NEVER ALLOW THE ACTION
TO SLAM CLOSED BY PRESSING THE
CARRIER RELEASE BUTTON WITHOUT
THE BARREL INSTALLED. If the bolt
is released forward with the
barrel removed, the operating
handle will hit the receiver and
cause damage.
Figure 21
On 20 gauge Silver models,
remove the operating handle
by holding the shotgun with
the loading port up. Press
the shell stop while pulling
outward on the operating
handle (Figure 22).
5 On 12 gauge Silver models,
slide the bolt assembly
forward and out of the
receiver (Figure 23).
r e i n s ta l l i n g t h e b o lt a s s e m b ly
Pull outward to remove the bolt handle (12 gauge).
Figure 22
Press the shell stop and pull on the operating
handle to remove the handle (20 gauge).
Figure 23
2 Align the rails on the bolt slide
with the grooves in the bottom
of the receiver and place the
bolt assembly back in the
receiver, bolt slide link end
first (Figure 25). Place a few
drops of oil in the grooves to
lubricate the bolt slide rails
(Figure 17).
3 Guide the bolt slide link into
its socket in the recoil spring
follower (Figure 26).
Slide the bolt forward and out of the receiver.
07-187-BFA_Silver 12-20 OM.indd 38-39
1 Reassemble the bolt and
bolt slide.
The bolt and bolt slide can be separated for cleaning.
Figure 25
Place the bolt assembly back in the receiver,
bolt slide link first.
Figure 26
4 On 12 gauge Silver models,
replace the operating handle by
inserting it in its slot in the bolt
(Figure 27).
On 20 gauge Silver models,
press the shell stop and slide
the bolt and bolt slide forward
and out of the receiver.
38
Figure 24
Notice! DO NOT DISASSEMBLE
THE bolt assembly BEYOND
THIS POINT.
4 On 12 gauge Silver models,
remove the operating handle by
pulling the operating handle
outward (Figure 21).
6 The bolt and bolt slide can
be separated for cleaning
(Figure 24). Perform any
cleaning of the bolt and
receiver cavity as necessary.
On 20 gauge Silver models,
replace the operating handle by
inserting it in its slot in the bolt
by holding the shotgun with
Guide the bolt slide link into its socket in the
recoil spring follower.
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1/16/08 12:14:59 PM
the loading port up and
pressing the shell stop while
inserting the operating handle
into the slot.
IMPORTANT: On 20 gauge
Silver models, it may be
necessary to pull out on the
operating handle slightly until
the shell stop clicks back in
place. Failure to follow these
instructions will result in the
inability to load the magazine.
Figure 27
NOTICE! Do not TAKE YOUR firearm’s ACTION APART beyond what
is explained in this owner’s manual. This is a specialized,
finely fitted mechanism; any attempt to disassemble the inner
mechanism may mar it for life. It is unnecessary, and may do
damage to the inner mechanism to disassemble it for routine
cleaning and oiling. Of course, misfortunes (such as dropping
your firearm in water) require appropriate attention, and in
such circumstances we recommend you immediately take your
firearm to a qualified gunsmith.
Press the bolt handle back into place.
b a r r e l p o r t i n g
5 Open and close the action several times to make sure the bolt slide
link and recoil spring follower are properly engaged.
Notice! NEVER ALLOW THE ACTION TO SLAM CLOSED BY PRESSING THE
CARRIER RELEASE BUTTON WITHOUT HAVING THE BARREL INSTALLED.
DAMAGE WILL RESULT TO THE RECEIVER and operating handle.
C LEANING THE A C TION
1 When the action becomes excessively dirty, remove the trigger
group and bolt assembly from the receiver as explained under
“Removal of the Trigger Group and Bolt Assemblies” beginning on
page 35. Clean with a gun solvent as necessary, using a nylon brush
to loosen any caked-on grime.
Wipe the receiver cavity clean. Lightly oil the cavity and wipe it
dry. No further disassembly is required for cleaning.
2 Reassemble the trigger group, bolt assembly, gas system and the
barrel to the receiver as explained previously. Then wipe all
exposed metal surfaces with an oiled cloth, making sure to wipe
clean all finger marks where moisture could accumulate.
Some Silver target models feature a ported barrel that reduces recoil
and muzzle jump. Reducing recoil not only increases comfort when
shooting, but increases accuracy because it is easier to pick-up the
second clay target faster due to decreased recovery time following the
first shot. Carbon can build up in the ports after shooting, to clean
them, use a good quality powder solvent and pipe cleaners to scrub
away debris from the ports.
m a i n t e n a n c e o f o i l f i n i s h s t o ck s
Keeping the oil-finished wood surface on your firearm looking its
best requires only a small amount of maintenance. When the surface
becomes spotted or dull, the affected area(s) can be treated using
rubbing alcohol on a soft, lint free cloth and allowed to dry. A small
amount of a linseed oil-based finish, such as Watco® Danish Oil Finish,
Deft® Danish Oil Finish, or Formby’s® Tung Oil Finish should then be
applied to the surface of the wood with a soft, lint free cloth according
to the manufacturer’s instructions. To treat the checkering, a small
amount of oil-based finish can be applied and then distributed evenly
using a toothbrush or other soft bristled brush.
3 The barrel and action should be inspected thoroughly to be
certain no cleaning patches have been inadvertently left in them.
40
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41
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M o d e l s w i t h s p e c i a l f i n i s h e S
service or repair
As with any firearm, the only way to preserve its pristine condition
and collector appeal is to never handle or fire it, which in turn would
deprive you of much of the enjoyment that comes with owning a fine
Browning firearm.
If your firearm should require service or repairs, we suggest you first
contact a local recommended Browning Firearms Service Center. To
locate a service center visit www.browning.com, contact our Customer
Service Department or your Browning firearms dealer for the address
of the Service Center nearest you. Otherwise, you may send your
firearm directly to our Service Department in Arnold, Missouri.
While special finishes such as engraving and gold plating greatly
enhance the aesthetic appeal of your shotgun, please be aware that
they are no more durable, and in some cases may even be slightly less
durable than more common firearm finishes.
As you use your shotgun, you can expect special finishes to wear in
much the same manner as any other firearm finish. These marks are
the honest product of the hours spent enjoying your firearm and each
scuff and scratch will probably have a good story to go along with it.
Parts listings, Firearm Service Center lists, service procedures, service/
repair form and general product information are also found on the
internet at: www.browning.com. For technical questions about your
firearm or service, contact:
United States customers contact:
Browning Service Department
One Browning Place
Arnold, MO 63010-9406
Phone: (800) 322-4626
Canadian customers contact:
Browning Canada Sports Ltd/Ltée
5583 Chemin St-François
St-Laurent, Quebec H4S 1W6
Phone: (514) 333-7261
When returning your firearm for servicing, you must do the following:
1 Be sure it is completely unloaded.
2 Remove the scope or other optics.
3 Package it securely in a cardboard container.
4 Enclose the service/repair form available at www.browning.com or
a letter that clearly describes the trouble experienced, the
ammunition used and the repairs desired. Also include your name
and a daytime phone number where you can be reached.
5 If convenient, send a copy of the service/repair form or letter
to us separately.
6 Never return ammunition with your firearm. It is against postal
and most commerce regulations.
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NOTES
44
07-187-BFA_Silver 12-20 OM.indd 44-45
NOTES
45
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browning.com
BROWNING US: Morgan, Utah 84050-9326
BROWNING CANADA: Browning Canada Sports Ltd/Ltée, St-Laurent, Quebec, H4S 1W6
BROWNING INTL: Parc Industriel des Hauts-Sarts, B-4040 Herstal, Belgium
07-187-BFA_Silver 12-20 OM.indd 46
A00711/07187
1/16/08 12:15:01 PM