Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
User Manual
Models:
F1DN104K – Advanced Secure 4-Port Keyboard / Mouse (KM) Switch
F1DN108K – Advanced Secure 8-Port Keyboard / Mouse (KM) Switch
Document Number 8820-00770 Rev. A00
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section 1 – Introduction
2
Section 4 – Operation
23
What is a KM?
2
Operating the Secure KM Switch
23
Package Content
2
24
Section 2 – Overview
3
Section 5 – Troubleshooting
Security Features
3, 4
Troubleshooting Guide
Operational Features
5
What is Seamless Cursor Switching?
6
Equipment Requirements
7, 8
Safety Precautions
9
Belkin Secure KM Features
10, 11
Tamper Evident Labels
12
Active Anti-Tampering System
12
Product Specifications
13
Section 3 – Installation
14
Before Installation
14
Installation
15-18
Administrator Setup
19-22
Section 6 – Appendices
26
APPENDIX A – Secure KM Configuration Utility Software
26-32
(KMC Creator)
APPENDIX B – Secure KM Configuration Utility
33-35
(KMC Loader) Software
General Information
36-37
Belkin Product Security Vulnerability………………………………………………….38
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INTRODUCTION AND PACKAGE CONTENTS
Table of Contents SECTIONS
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The Belkin Secure KM supports Windows, Linux and Mac operating
systems. Switching is done simply by dragging your mouse from one
window to another having it disappearing from one machine and
appearing on another. Multi Displays connected to the same computers
are only supported by Windows based operating systems
Introduction
Thank you for purchasing this Belkin Advanced Secure Keyboard/Mouse
(K/M) Switch. This KM Switch is designed for use in secure environments
across wide security gaps. This product provides the highest security
safeguards and features, meeting current and future cyber prevention
requirements.
Package Contents
• Belkin Advanced Secure KM Switch
This User Manual provides all the details you’ll need to install and operate
your new product, and also to troubleshoot it in the unlikely event of a
problem.
• 12V 1.5A DC Power Supply (F1DN104K only)
• Power Cord (F1DN108K only)
What is a KM (Keyboard / Mouse) Switch?
• Interchangeable Port Color Chips
There are many cases where one user needs to work simultaneously with
more than one computer. In some cases users have multiple displays
attached to multiple computers. The challenge is how a single user can
interact with multiple computers with multiple displays each. KVMs are
not suitable for these users as they are designed to switch displays;
allowing the user to only see and manage one target device at a given
time. Using the Belkin Secure KM users can see all the connected
computers at the same time and easily decide on which computer he
wants to work.
• Port-Naming Labels
• Belkin USB configuration cable
• User Manual
Important Security Note:
If you are aware of potential security vulnerability while
installing or operating this product, we encourage you to
contact us immediately at the following email address:
gov_security@belkin.com
A KM switch is a device that switches a single keyboard and mouse
between multiple computers. A KM switch is essentially a KVM switch
without the video switching - all displays are continuously connected to
their respective computers; so that all connected device can be managed
seamlessly, in real time. Multiply displays can be connected to each
computer that is connected to the Belkin Secure KM. The Belkin Secure KM
is designed to have up to 8 computers connected and working
simultaneously in any possible monitor setup. The configuration of the
Belkin Secure KM can be done by using the KM presets or by using the easy
to use configuration tool.
Important:
This product is equipped with always-on active anti-tamper
system. Any attempt to open the enclosure may activate
the anti-tamper system and render the unit permanently
inoperable. If the unit’s enclosure appears disrupted or if all
the port LEDs flash continuously, please call Belkin
Technical Support at 1 (800) 282-2355 .
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OVERVIEW
Table of Contents SECTIONS
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5
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USB Ports Protection
Security Features
Console USB ports are protected from the use of storage and other unsafe
USB devices through strong filtering (independent of other computer
protection means). Unqualified devices are rejected when connected to
the Belkin Secure KM. Only mouse and keyboard data are passed through.
The Belkin Secure KM is the most advanced and secure, commercially
available KM Switch in the market today. This product is a derivative of the
high security Belkin KVM products used in the many high security
government, defense and military organizations. Below is a summary of
some key security features incorporated into this product:
Heavy-duty Tamper-Resistant Enclosure
The Belkin Secure KM uses one-piece aluminum enclosure (F1DN104K)
thick steel components (F1DN108K) to protect the product from physical
tampering and to minimize radiated electromagnetic emissions that can be
snooped or intercepted.
Unidirectional Data Paths
Optical diodes are used to enforce unidirectional data flow from the
peripheral devices to computers preventing potential leakage paths
between computers, even in the severe threat of two infected computers
attacking the KM.
Active Always-On Anti-Tampering
Active always-on chassis anti-tampering system prevents the KM electronic
circuitry from being accessed and tampered with by permanently disabling
the product once tampering is detected.
No Cross Cables, No Shared Resources
There are no cables connecting two computers. This product is designed to
securely operate even when peripheral devices are vulnerable to signaling
attacks and connected computers are infected by malicious code
Tamper-Evident Label
Dedicated Processors for Emulation
A holographic security tamper-evident label is placed on the enclosure to
provide a visual indication if the Switch has been opened or compromised.
The Belkin Secure KM features a dedicated processor per computer port to
emulate peripheral devices. This keeps each computer running on different
security levels, physically separated and secure at all times, and prevents
any unintended data leakage between computers even when computers
are infected by malicious code.
Please note: Belkin Secure KM Products cannot be
upgraded, serviced or fixed.
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Secure Packaging
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No Memory Buffer
The lack of memory buffers prevents unintentional transfer of keystrokes
or other data when switching between computers.
“Tear away” packaging ensures secure delivery of the Switch as it is routed
to the end user. The recyclable packaging also breaks down flat, simplifying
the cleanup process.
LED Indicators
Non-Reprogrammable Firmware
Each port button number illuminates to indicate that the console currently
controls the corresponding computer. As a port selector is pushed, or if the
mouse cursor crosses between displays associated to different computers
or networks, the LED number will light up.
The product features custom firmware that is not reprogrammable,
preventing the ability to remotely attack the KM control logic.
Common Criteria EAL-4 Listing
The product is the only KM in the market that is listed by the Common
Criteria organization. It is Common Criteria validated to EAL 4+ (Evaluation
Assurance Level 4) to assure the highest level of protection. Product
complies with a standard higher than NIAP Protection Profile 2.1 for
Peripheral Sharing Devices.
Tamper-Proof Hardware
All integrated circuits are soldered directly to the printed circuit board to
prevent tampering with the components.
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OVERVIEW
Table of Contents SECTIONS
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Bloomberg Keyboard Support
through the 7
3 The Belkin Secure4Flip KM supports the
5 Bloomberg Keyboard
6
2
Console PS/2 Keyboard jack.
Operational Features
Desktop Controller Unit (DCU) Support
With the Belkin Secure KM it is possible to connect an optional DCU (sold
separately) device to control your KM Switch from up to 50 feet away,
which reduces desktop clutter and increases work space. The DCU gives
clear and easy to understand indication of which network is currently
active. Please refer to the DCU user manual for product functionality or
contact Belkin for more details regarding DCU product information and
availability.
The Belkin Secure KM was designed with the user in mind for today’s IT
environment. Below is a summary of some key operational features
incorporated into the Product.
Support for multiple head
The Belkin Secure KM can be easily configured to support dual, triple and
up to 16 head computers through a signed software driver. Note that
single head installation does not need any software installation.
Belkin DCU Part Numbers: F1DN001R, F1DN002R, and F1DN003R
Audio Support
Extensive administrator setup options
The Belkin Secure KM supports audio out switching. Microphone switching
is not supported to prevent analog leakages through audio ports.
Administrator mode provides many customizable settings from display
arrangement and size to cursor speed and acceleration.
Port Coloring
Seamless Cursor Switching (SCS)
The included color chips can be inserted into each port-selector button.
SCS allows the Belkin Secure KM to switch automatically between
computers once mouse cursor crosses display borders. The switching is
seamless between multiple computers with cursor movement.
Colors can be associated with an established network to facilitate port
identification and reduce user switching error.
Extensive administrator setup options
The included network-name labels can be placed in the area underneath
the port-selector button to facilitate port identification and reduce user
switching error. Blank labels are also provided for network names that are
not listed on the included network-name labels
Port Naming
Administrator mode provides many customized settings, which includes
display arrangement, monitor size, cursor speed and mouse acceleration.
Please contact Belkin for the KM Creator and KM Loader customization
software.
Increased Reliability
Integrated Mounting Rails
Using a new, advanced anti-tampering battery with extremely low selfdischarge rate the life expectancy of the switch has been increased
dramatically to over 25 years
The Belkin Secure KM features an integrated mounting system for easy
under-the-desk, or side-wall mounting.
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What is Seamless Cursor Switching?
Seamless Cursor Switching (SCS) is implemented in Belkin Secure KMs to
enable seamless cursor and keyboard switching between multiple displays.
SCS allows administrators to configure any desired multiple display
configuration using the same, or different size displays and resolutions.
Simply move the mouse cursor across neighboring displays to switch
between connected computers.
Refer to the example in the figure on the right. Assume that computer #1 is
connected to the left display, computer #2 is connected to the top display,
computer #3 is connected to the center bottom display and computer #4 is
connected to the display on the right side. In this example all four displays
are identical. SCS allows the user to move the mouse cursor across the four
displays while automatically switching the shared peripherals (keyboard,
mouse and audio) based on the current cursor location. For example, when
the user moves the cursor from the left display to the center bottom
display, the KM identifies the display border crossing between these two
displays and switches the keyboard and mouse to computer #3.
SCS is now further enhanced with the inclusion of pointing device drivers
to support dual, triple and up to 16 head computers. With this technology,
user workstations may be integrated with any combination of single, dual,
triple and quad head computers. SCS Configurator software enables the
user administrator to easily configure any set of display sizes, resolutions,
geometry and physical arrangements.
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Equipment Requirements
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• Windows Vista®
Cables
• Red Hat® Linux®
Belkin highly recommends you use you use Belkin Cable Kits for your
product to help ensure superior security and performance. These cables
offer the highest quality possible and optimal data transmission.
• Mac OS® X v.10.6 and higher
User Multiple-head Operating-System (OS) Support
One Cable Kit is required per connected computer.
The Belkin Secure KM multiple-head driver is compatible with computers
running on the following OS platforms:
Note: Due to USB signal limitations, the cable length cannot exceed 15 feet
(4.6m).
• Windows® 2000
Belkin USB with Audio Cables
Belkin USB Cables:
• Windows XP (Home/Professional)
F1D9022b06 – 6ft (1.8m)
F3U133-06 – 6 ft. (1.8m)
• Windows 2003 Server
F1D9022b10 – 10ft (3m)
F3U133-06 – 10 ft. (3m)
• Windows 7
Belkin Audio Cables:
• Windows 8
F8V203tt06-E3-P– 6 ft. (1.8m)
• Windows Vista®
User Operating-System (OS) Support
Administrator setup Operating-System (OS) Support
The Belkin Secure KM is compatible with computers running on, the
following OS platforms:
The Belkin Secure KM administrator setup software suite is compatible
with computers running on the following OS platforms:
• Windows® 2000
• Windows® 2000
• Windows XP (Home/Professional)
• Windows XP (Home/Professional)
• Windows 2003 Server
• Windows 2003 Server
• Windows 7
• Windows 7
• Windows 8
• Windows 8
•Windows Vista
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PS/2 Keyboard console port (F1DN104K only)
The Belkin F1DN104K Secure KM PS/2 keyboard console port is compatible
with the following types of devices:
•
•
•
PS/2 Mouse console port (F1DN104K only)
The Belkin F1DN104K Secure KM PS/2 mouse console port is compatible
with the following types of devices:
Standard PS/2 keyboard; and:
Bar-code readers emulating USB keyboard.
Standard PS/2 mouse.
User Audio Devices
The Belkin Secure KM is compatible with the following types of user audio
devices:
USB Mouse console port
The Belkin Secure KM USB mouse console port is compatible with the
following types of devices:
• Standard USB mice
•
•
Notes:
- Mouse devices having internal USB hubs are not supported.
- Composite devices having mouse function are supported including
extenders.
Programming Cable
Special programming cable is needed to connect the product to the
administrator PC and configure it. Cable is supplied with each product.
If needed, please contact Belkin Sales or Technical Support for
additional cable.
Desktop Controller Unit
The Belkin Secure KM is compatible with the following types of Desktop
Controller Unit (DCU):
•
•
F1DN104K is compatible with F1DN001R, F1DN002R and
F1DN003R.
F1DN108K is compatible only with F1DN003R.
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Stereo headset; or:
Amplified stereo speakers.
OVERVIEW
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Safety Precautions
Please read the following safety precautions carefully before using the
Belkin Secure KM:
•
Before cleaning, disconnect the product from DC
(F1DN104K) or AC power (F1DN108K).
•
•
If one of the following situations occurs, get the product
checked by a qualified service technician:

Be sure not to expose the product to excessive
humidity.
The product’s power supply is overheated,
damaged, broken, causes smoke or shortens the
main power socket.

Liquid penetrates the product’s case.
•
Be sure to install the product on a clean secure surface.

•
Do not place the DC/AC power cord in a path of foot
traffic.
The product is exposed to excessive moisture or
water.

If the product is not used for a long period of time,
remove the product’s wall-mount power supply from
the main jack (F1DN104K).
The product is not working properly even after
carefully following the instructions in this user’s
manual.

The product has been dropped or is physically
damaged.

The product has obvious signs of breakage or
loose internal parts.
•
•
•
The product should be stored and used only in
temperature and humidity controlled environments as
defined in the product’s environmental specifications.
The wall-mount power supply used with this product
should be the model supplied by the manufacturer or
an approved equivalent provided by Belkin or an
authorized service provider. The use of improper power
source will void product warranty (F1DN104K only)
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OVERVIEW
Table of Contents SECTIONS
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F1DN104K Back Panel Features
F1DN104K Front Panel Features
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F1DN108K Back Panel Features
F1DN108K Front Panel Features
4
4
2
3 4
9X
10X
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Tamper Evident Label
4
6
7
Active Anti-Tampering System
The Belkin Secure KM uses a holographic tamper evident label to provide
visual indications in case of an enclosure intrusion attempt. These labels
indicate white dots or the text “VOID” once removed. When opening
product packaging inspect the four tampering evident labels.
The Belkin Secure KM is equipped with always-on active anti-tampering
system. If mechanical intrusion is detected by this system, the product will
be permanently disabled and LED will flashing continuously. If a DCU is
used, the DCU will indicate that the Belkin Secure KM has been tampered
with.
IMPORTANT NOTICE:
If the product indicates a tampered state (all LEDs flashing continuously) please call Belkin Technical Support and avoid using the product
If for any reason the tamper-evident label is missing, appears disrupted,
or looks different than the example shown here, please call Belkin
Technical Support at (800) 282-2355.
.
Belkin Holographic Tampering Evident Label
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Product Specifications
Part No.:
F1DN104K (4-port version)
F1DN108K (8-port version)
Enclosure:
Metal enclosure with
aluminum faceplate
Power Requirements:
(F1DN104K) 12V DC, 1.5A (maximum)
power adapter with center-pin-positive
polarity
No. of Users Supported:
1
No. of Computers Supported:
(F1DN104K) 4
User Channel Selection Methods: Front panel push-buttons,
keyboard shortcuts
(F1DN104K) USB Type A + PS/2 Mini-DIN
(F1DN108K) USB Type A connector
(F1DN104K) USB Type A + PS/2 Mini-DIN
Computer Keyboard/Mouse Ports:
USB Type B
Storage Temp:
-4° to 140° F (-20° to 60° C)
Humidity:
0-80% RH, non-condensing
MTBF:
14 years (per MIL-HDBK-217E)
Warranty:
3 years
(F1DN104K) 12.5 (W) x 6.4 (D) x 1.7 (H) - inches
(F1DN108K) 17.25 (W) x 7.95 (D) x 1.7 (H) - inches
(F1DN104K) 4 lbs.
(F1DN108K) 9 lbs
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32° to 104° F (0° to 40° C)
Weight:
(F1DN108K) USB Type A
3.5mm female
Operating Temp:
Dimensions:
6-pin female connector
Console Headset / Speaker output jack:
SCS,
Administrator Settings:
Display physical size, display resolution
st
nd
th
X / Y, display orientation (portrait /landscape), display head (1 , 2 ,16 ),
display location (coordinates), mouse speed (1-10), mouse acceleration (110), SCS enable / disable, prevent transition while dragging – enable /
disable
6-pin female connector
Console Mouse Input:
(F1DN104K) 4
(F1DN108K) 8
(F1DN108K) 8
Console Keyboard Input:
Port Selector push-buttons:
Channel Selected LED Indicators: (F1DN104K) 4
Freq. 50/60Hz
100 to 240VAC
3.5mm female
(F1DN108K) 8
high-impact
(F1DN108K) 100–240VAC, 0.9A
AC Input Voltage:
Computer Audio Input Jack:
INSTALLATION
Table of Contents SECTIONS
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Before Installation
Unpacking the Product
Consider the following when deciding where to place the Switch:
Before opening the product packaging, inspect the packaging seal
condition to assure that product was not accessed or tampered during
delivery. If the packaging seal looks suspicious, contact Belkin Technical
Support and do not use the product.
• Access to the front-panel push buttons is not required, since the
switching can be done through the Seamless Cursor Switching (SCS)
interface.
• The lengths of the cables attached to your keyboard and mouse
• The location of your computers in relation to your console
After removing the packaging seal, please inspect packaging content to
verify that required components included as listed in the Package Contents
of this manual.
• The lengths of the cables you use to connect your computers to the
Switch
Warning: Avoid placing cables near fluorescent lights, air-conditioning
equipment, or machines that create electrical noise (e.g., vacuum
cleaners).
After the Belkin Secure KM is removed from its packaging materials,
inspect the four tampering-evident labels to assure that product is
properly sealed. If one or more label is damaged or missing, contact Belkin
Tech Support and do not use that product.
Where to place the Switch:
The enclosure of the Switch is designed for desktop or under-the-desk
mount configurations. An optional Mount Kit (Belkin part number F1D006)
is available for the F1DN104K. Rack-mount brackets are included with the
F1DN108K.
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INSTALLATION
Table of Contents SECTIONS
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Connection and Installation
Step 1 Connecting the Console Devices to the Belkin Secure KM
Step 2 Connecting Computers to the Belkin Secure KM
Warning: Before attempting to connect anything to the Switch, or your
computers, please ensure that all computer equipment and devices are
powered off.
2.1 Connect each computer to the Switch ports marked “K/M” with
standard USB A to B cables (Belkin part number F3U133-06 or F3U13310). Each USB cable can be connected to any free USB port in the
computer.
1.1 Connect each monitor directly to the computers. Optionally for easier
referencing, label each computer and monitor coupled together.
1.2 Connect the user keyboard to the Console section of the Switch. For
USB-type keyboards, connect to the USB port marked “Keyboard.” For
PS/2-type keyboards, connect to the PS/2 port marked “PS2 K.”
1.3 Connect the user mouse to the Console section of the Switch. For USBtype mice, connect to the USB port marked “Mouse.” For PS/2-type
mice, connect to the PS/2 port marked “PS2 M.”
Notes: If the quantity of computers is less than the number of K/M ports,
connect the computers sequentially (K/M port 1, K/M port 2, etc.). The
USB cable must be connected directly to a free USB port on your computer
with no USB hubs or other devices in between.
2.2 Connect each audio cable (Belkin part number F8V203tt06-E3-P) from
the Switch to each computer’s audio output (lime green color) or line
output (blue color) jacks.
Note: The Switch will not operate properly if the keyboard and mouse are
not connected to their respective locations as listed on the steps above.
Additionally, keyboards with integrated USB hubs, card-readers, storage
devices or multimedia extensions are not supported. Only keyboard
functions are supported for devices connected to the keyboard ports while
mouse USB console port supports both keyboard and mouse.
Step 3 Powering Up
3.1 Power on all of the monitors.
3.2 Connect the Belkin Secure KM to the cable DC plug of the 12V 1.5A
external AC/DC power supply (F1DN104K).
3.3 Connect the power cable IEC power plug to KM switch AC power inlet
and then the power plug to a nearby wall outlet. Turn on the power
switch located near the AC power inlet.
Connect a user headphone or amplified speakers to the audio output port
marked “Audio” on the Console section of the Switch.
3.4 Power up all the attached computers, and check for display and
peripheral functionality. All computers can be powered on
Caution: Do not connect a microphone to the audio output port.
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INSTALLATION
Table of Contents SECTIONS
1
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Notes: Your computers should recognize the Belkin Secure KM and
automatically install the HID USB driver if necessary.
5
6
7
Port Name Label
The included network-name labels can be placed in the area underneath
the port-selector buttons for port identification. Blank labels are also
provided.
You should be able to move the mouse cursor on the primary display
connected to computer #1. Check to see that the keyboard and mouse are
working normally on each computer. Repeat this check with all occupied
ports to verify that all computers are connected and responding correctly.
If you encounter an error, check your cable connections for that computer
and reboot. If the problem persists, please refer to the Troubleshooting
section in this User Manual.
Color Code Chip Installation
The Belkin Advanced Secure KM Switch’s port-selector buttons can be
color-coded for easier identification. Refer to the installation instructions
below.
Note: You may have to remove the existing black color chip first.
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INSTALLATION
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INSTALLATION
F1DN104K Typical system installation
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INSTALLATION
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F1SN104K typical installation with multiple displays per connected PC
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INSTALLATION
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Advanced Setup
-
There are two ways to configure the Switch with the actual monitor setup:
Select one of the predefined setups
Create a configuration file and load it to the Switch
Select a default configuration type on the console keyboard by
pressing the following keys in this sequence: Control, Control, F11,
Fx (refer to figure 4). For example: The key sequence Control,
Control, F11, F2 will set the displays laid out horizontally, with the
left-most display to computer #1, the second display as computer
#2, the third display as computer #3, and the fourth display to
computer #4.
Power-cycle the Switch by disconnecting the power plug and
reconnecting to the Switch.
The Switch will boot with the new configuration.
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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
All displays are 1920 x 1200 resolution, same size (26” diagonal)
Mouse acceleration is set to 6
Mouse speed is set to 5
SCS is enabled
Prevent transition while dragging feature is Enabled
In case the required configuration does not appear on the predefined
configurations list, you can create a configuration file using Belkin’s Secure
KM Configuration Utility Tool and load it to the Switch. For more
information about this option, please refer to Appendix A and Appendix B
of this user manual.
To load one of the default settings available in the non-volatile memory of
the Switch:
3.
7
Creating a custom configuration file (Optional)
Selecting one of the predefined setups
2.
6
The loaded configuration will also include the following settings by default:
The first and most important setting of the Switch is the monitor
positioning. It is essential that the Switch configuration will match the
actual positioning on the monitors.
1.
5
Note: Additional settings can be accessed through Control, Control, F11, x,
x (refer to figures 5 and 6).
Once the Belkin Secure KM is connected and powered on, essential
operational settings needs to be configured.
•
•
4
INSTALLATION
Table of Contents SECTIONS
(Figure 4 – Pre-Defined Configuration List Using CTRL, CTRL, F11, Fx)
1
2
3
5
(Figure 5 – Pre-Defined Configuration List - Using CTRL, CTRL, F11,
x, x)
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(Figure 6 – Pre-Defined Configuration List – Applies to 8-Port KM Version Only Using CTRL, CTRL, F11, x, x)
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Multiple-Head Display Driver Installation
To enable proper KM interaction with computers having multiple heads
(more than one display), the Belkin Secure KM Mouse Filter driver
software must be installed. This driver is available in an executable .EXE file
that can be installed on the target computer. Driver can be loaded from
Belkin website. If internet access is not allowed - contact Belkin to order
the KM Switch programming Kit (software CD is included in that kit..
Mouse Speed Setting
Constant mouse cursor speed is essential for system usability. Having
several systems each with a different cursor “ground speed” is detrimental
for the user. Belkin’s Belkin Secure KM calculates and adjusts the cursor
speed across different displays and computers using the geometry and
display settings entered by the administrator.
Keyboard Shortcuts
In addition, the Switch settings include a global speed setting with input
values between 1 and 10, which can be changed to adjust the cursor speed
for all displays. Typical initial setting of cursor speed is 5. After initial use,
the exact value can be set based on user inputs.
The following table describes the keyboard shortcuts available:
To increase mouse speed, press CTRL, CTRL, F11, +
To decrease mouse speed, press CTRL, CTRL, F11, SCS Enabled / Disabled Setting
Through the SCS enabled / disabled setting, you can disable the mouse
cursor tracking function. Once SCS is disabled – the Switch will enable
channel selection only through:
1.
2.
3.
Front panel push-buttons;
Keyboard shortcuts; and:
DCU (if connected)
Note: This setting is enabled by default.
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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
Key Sequence
Name
Description
CTRL, CTRL, F11, r
Reset to Factory defaults
Device will reset to factory defaults with all
settings and configuration deleted completely.
CTRL, CTRL, F11, f
Freeze
Disable SCS. Switching between systems will
not be possible via mouse movement.
CTRL, CTRL, F11, U
Unfreeze
Enable SCS. Switching between systems will
be possible via mouse movement.
CTRL, CTRL, F11, +
Increase mouse speed
Mouse speed will be increased.
CTRL, CTRL, F11, -
Decrease mouse speed
Mouse speed will be decreased
CTRL, CTRL, F11, d, c
Setup mode
In the next boot after pressing this key
combination the device will boot into setup
mode allowing him to communicate with
configuration utility.
CTRL, CTRL, F12
Last loaded configuration
Revert to the last externally loaded
configuration (configuration loaded via
configuration utility).
OPERATION
Table of Contents SECTIONS
1
2
3
Operating the Secure KM Switch
5
6
7
This feature prevents the loss of that dragging action while accidentally
crossing display border line.
Cursor Tracking (SCS Enabled)
Cursor Acceleration and Speed
Upon powering up, the cursor will be positioned at the center of the
primary display of computer #1. The keyboard and audio will be coupled to
the same PC where the cursor is active. Once the user moves the cursor to
another display, the keyboard and audio will follow that computer.
Cursor speed and acceleration is a combination of few factors such as
display size, resolution and static settings. If the current settings are not
constant across the different displays or not working properly, please ask
your system administrator for assistance. Both cursor acceleration and
speed can be set by the administrator to reach desired settings.
Front Panel Push Buttons
The default channel is #1 upon powering up. The user can select any other
channel by pressing the appropriate front panel push button. The mouse
cursor will be positioned at the center of the selected computer display. If
computer has multiple heads, then the cursor will be positioned at the
center of the primary display. The selected channel is indicated by LED
illuminated in the appropriate push button. The keyboard and audio will
follow the selected channel.
Important:
If you are aware of potential security vulnerability while
installing or operating this product, we encourage you to
contact us immediately at the following email
address: gov_security@belkin.com
The gov_security@belkin.com email
address
is
not
intended to reach technical support on Belkin products or
services. Any support inquiries should be directed to
support@belkin.com
Prevent transition while dragging feature
The Belkin Secure KM offers a unique feature that further improves
usability – Prevent Transition while Dragging. If the user drags an object on
one display (while left mouse key pressed), the cursor would not leave that
display.
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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
4
TROUBLESHOOTING
Table of Contents SECTIONS
1
2
3
General
•
•
•
•
5
6
7
Keyboard
The computer does not detect my keyboard, or my keyboard does not
work when I switch computers or reboot.
No power, and none of the front panel LEDs is illuminating.
•
4
Check that the power supply or power cable is properly connected to
the mains socket.
Check that DC plug is fully inserted into the switch DC jack (F1DN104K)
Check that the power cable IEC plug is properly inserted into the AC
power inlet jack (F1DN108K).
Check that the device is powered by using optical mouse with visible
red light. If power is not available, change the power supply.
Check that the power switch at the back of the KM switch (F1DN108K
only) is on.
•
•
•
•
•
The port selector buttons are not functioning.
If a DCU is being used the channel switching is controlled using the DCU
and the port selector buttons on the KM will not work.
•
•
Check that the keyboard you are using is connected properly to the
KM Switch.
Check that the USB cable between the KM Switch and the computer is
completely connected.
Try connecting to a different USB port on the computer.
Make sure the keyboard works when directly plugged into the
computer (the HID USB driver is installed on the computer). Rebooting
may be necessary when trying this.
Make sure you are not using a keyboard with an integrated USB hub or
other USB-integrated devices.
If the computer is coming out of standby mode, allow up to one
minute to regain mouse function.
Try a different keyboard.
Channel select LEDs are blinking with audible repeating clicking sounds.
•
•
The CAPS, NUM, and Scroll Lock lights on my keyboard do not function
when I connect to the Switch.
This occurs after the configuration is set. Power cycle the unit
(disconnect and re-plug the power adapter).
If the blinking and clicking still persist after power cycling the unit, it is
possible that the device anti-tampering system was triggered. Change
the unit and call Belkin technical support.
This is normal operation. The lock-state information is fully functional. Due
to the security of the Switch and known exploitation of lock-state
information for leakages, the LED status is not supported. Please refer to
the operating system for verification of the lock-state information for
CAPS, NUM, and Scroll Lock.
Certain keyboard functions are not working
Some non-standard keyboard functions are disabled by the switch to
prevent security risks. Contact Belkin Tech Support for latest compatibility
list.
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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
TROUBLESHOOTING
Table of Contents SECTIONS
1
2
3
Mouse
5
6
7
• If the computer is coming out of standby mode, allow up to one minute
to regain mouse function.
Mouse cursor does not leave primary display to secondary display in
multiple-head computer.
• Try a different mouse.
Driver was not installed on that computer or not installed properly.
Reinstall driver.
For extending USB, use only active USB extenders (over CAT5 cable).
The computer does not detect my mouse, or my mouse does not work
when I switch computers or reboot.
• Check that the mouse you are using is connected properly to the Switch.
• Check that the USB cable between the Switch and the computer is
completely connected.
• Try connecting to a different USB port on the computer.
• Make sure the mouse works when directly plugged into the computer
(the HID USB driver is installed on the computer). Rebooting may be
necessary when trying this.
• Make sure you are not using a wireless mouse or a mouse with an
integrated USB hub or other USB-integrated devices. These are not
supported by the switch due to security policy.
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4
APPENDICES
Table of Contents SECTIONS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
APPENDIX A – Secure KM Configuration
Utility Software (KMC Creator)
Make sure you know the sizes and native screen resolution of all monitors
connected to all computers that will eventually be connected to that KM
switch.
Belkin’s Secure KM Configuration Utility (KMC Creator) is an optional
software tool that allow for users using the Switch to define their monitor
setup and create a KM configuration file. The KM configuration file (.kmc
extension) will later be loaded to the Switch that will be configured
accordingly.
NOTES:
* The KM Creator and Loader software do not need to be loaded on each
computer.
* The software is to be loaded to an external computer, so that the
connected monitors and computers are accessible for display resolutions.
NOTE: Refer to Appendix B for loading the configuration file to the KM
switch using the KMC Loader.
* This external computer will be used to create and input that created file
into the KM.
Using the KMC Creator software, administrators can define any number of
monitors connected to each computer with different or identical sizes and
screen resolutions. The monitors can be deployed in any physical layout.
This software also allows removal of unneeded bridges between monitors.
Before You Begin
Please contact Belkin to order the KM Switch Accessory Kit. This kit
includes
the
CD
ROM
disc
containing
files
for
the
BelkinKMAdminsetup.exe (installs the KMC Creator and KMC Loader),
KMMultiDisplaySetup.exe (installs the Belkin KM Mouse Filter for multihead display configurations), user manual, and a USB configurator cable.
A KM configuration file is based on the number of computers that will be
connected to the KM and the number of monitors each computer will have
connected to it.
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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
APPENDICES
Table of Contents SECTIONS
1.
1
2
3
Step 1 – Create a new Project
2.
Each KM configuration file is called a “KM Configuration Project”. For every
setup you will be required to create a new project. Click “Back” to return
to the previous stage, at any point during the configuration process.

4
6
7
Step 2 – Enter Project Details
Please enter the requested information in the following manner:

Click on “New Project”





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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
5
Project Name – The name can be a combination of English
characters or numbers. It is advised to use a name that will be
reflective of the configuration for example: “Dealer 3 5 monitors”,
“Generic Workstation 7”. The project name can be read from the
KM after loading.
Product Model – The product model can be found on the back
sticker of the KM switch. The Belkin Secure KM can both support
two to four computers.
Mouse Speed – This is the default mouse speed for all systems.
Change the mouse speed on each computer will not affect the KM
mouse speed.
Mouse Acceleration – Same as above.
Number of Computers – The total numbers of computers that will
be connected to the KM for this configuration.
Click “Next Step”
APPENDICES
Table of Contents SECTIONS
3.
1
2
3
5
6
7
Step 3 – Enter Description
Multiple-heads setup
Add the description that will explain the project. The description will
appear in the configuration file (.kmc) and can help explain the
configuration.
4.
4
When creating a setup with multiple-heads for one of the computers,
there is an additional requirement to enter the Microsoft virtual
desktop parameters.
Step 4 – Computer Setup
When using multiple monitors on one of the machines, both the KM
and MS Extended desktop are controlling the switching between the
displays. Both mechanisms need to work synchronously.
In this stage, the administrator will define the number and type of
monitors connected to each computer as defined is step 2. For every
computer, define the number of monitors connected to the computer by
selecting it from the drop down menu “Number of Displays”. The
maximum number of possible displays is limited to four per computer.
Once the number of monitors is selected, you will be able to enter the size
and native resolution for every monitor.
Note, if certain monitor is set to Portrait orientation, the Native
resolution should be entered accordingly. For example, for a monitor
with a native screen resolution of 1680x1050 which is used in Portrait
please enter resolution of 1050x1680.
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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
APPENDICES
Table of Contents SECTIONS
1
2
3
•
The following instructions and screen captures are based on Windows 7,
but can be used for Windows XP and Windows Vista.
•
•
Go to: “Control Panel\All Control Panel Items\Display\Screen
Resolution”. You can also right- click your desktop and select
screen resolution.
In the KM configuration dialog you will be asked to provide
information regarding your primary display. Primary display is
defined as “main display” in the MS “Screen Resolution”
dialog. You can see which is defined as your main display by
selecting it in the MS dialog.
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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
4
5
6
Enter the details for you main display as requested in the dialog.
7
APPENDICES
Table of Contents SECTIONS
•
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
To enable the bridge between monitors, just drag one monitor to the
desired monitor, having them touch each other. Pull apart the monitors,
and the bridge should appear between the monitors again.
Enter the details for the secondary display. To find out what are
the vertical and horizontal MS values, select the secondary
monitor and move it slightly. Two numbers will appear on the
secondary monitor. Enter both numbers in the dialog.
Examples:
Example 1 - The following setup creates a corridor from the top right of
monitor 2 computer 2 to the top bottom left of monitor 1 computer 1.
Trying to drag the mouse through the red lines will not work.
Step 5 – Place the Displays and Create the Geometry
In the stage, the administrator will create his displays setup. The
administrator can drag and drop the monitors that were created in
proportion which reflects the size and shape of his actual monitors until he
create a view similar to his real environment.
Example 2 – Both configurations below create identical setups in which the
mouse cursor moves from the right of computer 2 to the left of computer
1.
Each display is clearly marked by his computer number and monitor
number as entered by the administrator in the previous stage.
Monitors can be connected or have some distance all based on the actual
geometry required.
Once the monitors are placed Yellow “bridges” will indicate area in which
the mouse “teleport” itself from one monitor to another.
Clicking on one of these areas will remove it which will prevent the mouse
cursor from “teleporting” through this bridge.
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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
APPENDICES
Table of Contents SECTIONS
1
2
3
4
5
(Invalid Setup)
Example 3 - The setup shown below is invalid. There is no interface
between the two monitor hence the curser will not move. It is
recommended to use the below bottom setup instead which will give
similar results.
(Valid Setup)
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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
6
7
APPENDICES
Table of Contents SECTIONS
1
2
3
Example 4 – The two setups below are identical except that on the right
setup, the user chose to prevent the mouse cursor from moving from:
Computer 2, Display2 to Computer 1, Display 1.
4
5
6
7
Step 6 – Complete Setup
Once ready the administrator will press the Complete Setup bottom.
This was done by clicking on the Yellow area between the monitors.
A file with an extension ending in “.kmc” will be generated.
Please refer to Appendix B for instructions on how to upload the .kmc
configuration file to the target KM Switch/Switches.
Multi Displays Rules


Computers with multi displays Rule #1 – When one of
the computers is configured with multi displays, the
setup of those displays connected to the same PC must
be similar to that configured on the MS setup.
Computers with multi displays Rule #2 – All displays
connected to the same PC must be stuck to one
another. It is impossible to have distance between two
displays connected to the same PC.
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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
APPENDICES
Table of Contents SECTIONS
1
2
3
APPENDIX B – Secure KM Configuration
Utility (KMC Loader) Software
6.
6.
4
5
6
Loading Utility
Once the KM Switch is in Administration mode and is connected to the PC:
Belkin’s Secure KM Configuration Utility (KMC Loader) allows you to load
the configured .kmc file (created per the procedure defined in Appendix A
of this manual) into the Secure KM Switch.
1) Run the loading utility (KMC Loader). Wait for five to ten seconds
until the KMC Loader window shows “KM Ready”, as shown:
NOTE: Please refer to Appendix A for instructions on installing the
BelkinKMAdminsetup.exe file (that installs the KMC Creator and KMC
Loader programs) and create the .kmc files needed for the following
steps.
5.
Setting up the KM Switch for Loading the Configuration (.kmc) File
The KM switch is configured through a cable connected from a PC
containing the KMC Loader to the KM USB mouse port. The connection is
done via a special USB programming cable that is supplied with each
product.
1) Disconnect the mouse from to the Console mouse port of the KM
switch.
2) Connect the USB programming cable from a PC USB port to the
console USB mouse port of the target KM Switch.
3) Put the KM switch into administration mode by typing on the
connected keyboard (CTRL, CTRL, F11, d, c. The KM Switch will
click several times to audibly indicate that it needs to be powercycled.
Figure 1 – KM Loading Utility capture – before selecting a file
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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
7
APPENDICES
Table of Contents SECTIONS
1
2
3
Loading a Configuration file
•
•
•
4
5
6
7
KM Loader Troubleshooting and Support
Click on the “Select a new configuration file”
Browse to your .kmc configuration file
Click on “Update KM”
The KMC Loader utility communicates with the KM switch to load the
configuration file.
The two most common errors when using the loading utility are:
After the .kmc file is loaded, the following screen will show:
•
•
Configuration file incorrectly formatted
No Communication with KM switch
When loading a wrong configuration file the Loading Utility will report the
issue if possible and will direct the user to load another file.
To avoid this make sure the files you have loaded were created with the
KMC Creator configuration tool and that it was not manually modified in
any way.
Figure 2 – KM Loading Utility capture – file selected and loaded
After loading is complete, restart the KM by disconnecting and then
reconnecting power. Reconnect the mouse back to the mouse port and the
new configuration will apply.
Figure 3 – KM Loading Utility capture – File not correct
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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
APPENDICES
Table of Contents SECTIONS
1
2
3
5
6
7
To avoid this, ensure that the KM switch is connected via the mouse (not
keyboard) Console port on the KM Switch.
The loading utility communicates with the KM switch once the KM switch
has entered Administrative mode. Once the KM is connected, with the
loading utility correctly the utility GUI will say “KM Ready” and the
connected port will also appear as seen in figure 1 of Appendix B.
Put the KM switch in administrative mode as explained previously.
If the utility cannot communicate with KM switch, it will prompt “KM Not
Ready” and no communication port will appear.
Figure 4 –Communication between KM and utility has been lost
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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
4
GENERAL INFORMATION
Table of Contents SECTIONS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Information
Belkin International, Inc., Limited 3-Year Product Warranty
FCC Statement
DECLARATION
OF
CONFORMITY
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
WITH
FCC
RULES
What this warranty covers.
FOR
Belkin International, Inc. (“Belkin”) warrants to the original purchaser of
this Belkin product that the product shall be free of defects in design,
assembly, material, or workmanship.
We, Belkin International, Inc., of 12045 E. Waterfront Drive, Playa Vista, CA
90094, declare under our sole responsibility that the products: F1DN104K
and F1DN108K to which this declaration relates:
What the period of coverage is.
Comply with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2)
this device must accept any interference received, including interference
that may cause undesired operation.
Belkin warrants the Belkin product for three years.
What will we do to correct problems?
Product Warranty.
CE Declaration of Conformity
Belkin will repair or replace, at its option, any defective product free of
charge (except for shipping charges for the product). Belkin reserves the
right to discontinue any of its products without notice, and disclaims any
limited warranty to repair or replace any such discontinued products. In
the event that Belkin is unable to repair or replace the product (for
example, because it has been discontinued), Belkin will offer either a
refund or a credit toward the purchase of another product from
Belkin.com in an amount equal to the purchase price of the product as
evidenced on the original purchase receipt as discounted by its natural use.
We, Belkin International, Inc., declare under our sole responsibility that the
F1DN104K and F1DN108K, to which this declaration relates, are in
conformity with Emissions Standard EN55022 and with Immunity Standard
EN55024, LVP EN61000-3-2, and EN61000-3-3.
ICES
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. Cet
appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme á la norme NMB-003 du
Canada.
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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
GENERAL INFORMATION
Table of Contents SECTIONS
1
2
3
What is not covered by this warranty?
6
7
How state law relates to the warranty.
THIS WARRANTY CONTAINS THE SOLE WARRANTY OF BELKIN. THERE ARE
NO OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR, EXCEPT AS REQUIRED BY LAW,
IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF
QUALITY, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE,
AND SUCH IMPLIED WARRANTIES, IF ANY, ARE LIMITED IN DURATION TO
THE TERM OF THIS WARRANTY.
How to get service.
To get service for your Belkin product you must take the following steps:
Contact Belkin International, Inc., at 12045 E. Waterfront Drive,
Playa Vista, CA 90094, Attn: Customer Service, or call (800)-2235546, within 15 days of the Occurrence. Be prepared to provide
the following information:
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty
lasts, so the above limitations may not apply to you.
a. The part number of the Belkin product.
IN NO EVENT SHALL BELKIN BE LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, DIRECT,
INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL OR MULTIPLE DAMAGES SUCH AS, BUT NOT
LIMITED TO, LOST BUSINESS OR PROFITS ARISING OUT OF THE SALE OR
USE OF ANY BELKIN PRODUCT, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
SUCH DAMAGES.
b. Where you purchased the product.
c. When you purchased the product.
d. Copy of original receipt.
2.
Your Belkin Customer Service Representative will then instruct you
on how to forward your receipt and Belkin product and how to proceed
with your claim.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other
rights, which may vary from state to state. Some states do not allow the
exclusion or limitation of incidental, consequential, or other damages, so
the above limitations may not apply to you.
Belkin reserves the right to review the damaged Belkin product. All costs of
shipping the Belkin product to Belkin for inspection shall be borne solely by
the purchaser.
GS 5/15/2013
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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
5
If Belkin determines, in its sole discretion, that it is impractical to ship the
damaged equipment to Belkin, Belkin may designate, in its sole discretion,
an equipment repair facility to inspect and estimate the cost to repair such
equipment. The cost, if any, of shipping the equipment to and from such
repair facility and of such estimate shall be borne solely by the purchaser.
Damaged equipment must remain available for inspection until the claim is
finalized. Whenever claims are settled, Belkin reserves the right to be
subrogated under any existing insurance policies the purchaser may have.
All above warranties are null and void if the Belkin product is not provided
to Belkin for inspection upon Belkin’s request at the sole expense of the
purchaser, or if Belkin determines that the Belkin product has been
improperly installed, altered in any way, or tampered with. The Belkin
Product Warranty does not protect against acts of God such as flood,
lightning, earthquake, war, vandalism, theft, normal-use wear and tear,
erosion, depletion, obsolescence, abuse, damage due to low voltage
disturbances (i.e. brownouts or sags), non-authorized program, or system
equipment modification or alteration.
1.
4
GENERAL INFORMATION
Table of Contents SECTIONS
1
2
3
Reporting Belkin Product Security Vulnerability
If you are aware of potential security vulnerability with any Belkin Government product, we
encourage you to contact us immediately at the following email address:
gov_security@belkin.com or our technical support line at: 1-800-419-5546
After your communication is received, Belkin Government personnel will contact you to follow
up. To ensure confidentiality, Belkin encourages you to use our PGP encryption key.
The gov_security@belkin.com email address is not intended to reach technical support on Belkin
Government products or services. Any support inquiries should be directed to
support@belkin.com.
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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual
4
5
6
7
belkin.com
© 2013 Belkin International, Inc. All rights reserved.
All trade names are registered trademarks of respective manufacturers listed. Windows, Windows Vista, Microsoft, and IntelliMouse are either registered trademarks or trademarks of
Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Mac OS and Mac are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.
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Belkin® Secure 4/8 port KM Switch User Manual