FCC COMPLIANCE STATEMENT FOR AMERICAN USERS
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference ln a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause interference to radio and television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
.
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver
.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected
.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
WARNING
The connection of a non-shielded equipment interface cable to this equipment will
invalidate the FCC Certification of this device and may cause interference levels which
exceed the limits established by the FCC for this equipment. It is the responsibility of the
user to obtain and use a shielded equipment interface cable with this device. If this
equipment has more than one interface connector, do not leave cables connected to unused
interfaces.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by Epson America, Inc., could void the
user’s authority to operate the equipment.
FOR CANADIAN USERS
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from
digital apparatus as set out in the radio interference regulations of the Canadian
Department of Communications.
Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les limites
applicables aux appareils numériques de Classe B prescrites dans le règlement sur le
brouillage radioélectriques édicté par le Ministère des Communications du Canada.
IMPORTANT NOTICE
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY
Epson America makes no representations or warranties, either express or implied, by
or with respect to anything in this manual, and shall not be liable for any implied
warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose or for any indirect,
special, or consequential damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion of
incidental or consequential damages, so this exclusion may not apply to you.
COPYRIGHT NOTICE
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a
retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Epson
America, Inc. No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of information
contained herein. While every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this
publication, Epson America assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions. Nor is
any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the information contained
herein. Further, this publication and features described herein are subject to change
without notice.
TRADEMARKS
Epson is a registered trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation.
Equity is a registered trademark of Epson America, Inc.
General notice: Other product names used herein are for identification purposes only
and may be trademarks of their respective companies.
Copyright © 1990 by Epson America, Inc.
Torrance, California
ii
Y70799100100
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
1. Read all of these instructions and save them for later reference.
2. Follow all warnings and instructions marked on the product.
3. Unplug this product from the wall outlet before cleaning. Do not
use liquid cleaners or aerosol cleaners. Use a damp cloth for
cleaning.
4. Do not use this product near water.
5. Do not place this product on an unstable cart, stand, or table.
The product may fall, causing serious damage to the product.
6. Slots and openings in the cabinet and the back or bottom are
provided for ventilation; to ensure reliable operation of the
product and to protect it from overheating, these openings must
not be blocked or covered. The openings should never be blocked
by placing the product on a bed, sofa, rug, or other similar surface.
This product should never be placed near or over a radiator or
heat register. This product should not be placed in a built-in
installation unless proper ventilation is provided.
7. This product should be operated from the type of power source
indicated on the marking label. If you are not sure of the type of
power available, consult your dealer or local power company.
8. This product is equipped with a 3-wire grounding-type plug, a
plug having a third (grounding) pin. This plug will only fit into a
grounding-type power outlet. This is a safety feature. If you are
unable to insert the plug into the outlet, contact your electrician
to replace your obsolete outlet. Do not defeat the purpose of the
grounding-type plug.
9. Do not locate this product where the cord will be walked on.
10. If an extension cord is used with this product, make sure that
the total of the ampere ratings on the products plugged into the
extension cord do not exceed the extension cord ampere rating.
Also, make sure that the total of all products plugged into the
wall outlet does not exceed 15 amperes.
...
111
11. Never push objects of any kind into this product through cabinet
slots, as they may touch dangerous voltage points or short out
parts that could result in a risk of fire or electric shock. Never
spill liquid of any kind on the product.
12. Except as specifically explained in the User’s Manual, do not
attempt to service this product yourself. Opening or removing
those covers that are marked “Do Not Remove” may expose you
to dangerous voltage points or other risks. Refer all servicing in
those compartments to service personnel.
13. Unplug this product from the wall outlet and refer servicing to
qualified service personnel under the following conditions:
A. When the power cord or plug is damaged or frayed.
B. If liquid has been spilled into the product.
C. If the product has been exposed to rain or water.
D. If the product does not operate normally when the operating
instructions are followed. Adjust only those controls that
are covered by the operating instructions, since improper
adjustment of other controls may result in damage and will
often require extensive work by a qualified technician to
restore the product to normal operation.
E. If the product has been dropped or the cabinet has been
damaged.
F. If the product exhibits a distinct change in performance,
indicating a need for service.
iv
Contents
Introduction
Optional Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating Systems and Other Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VGA Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Use This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Where to Get Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 1
Setting Up Your System
1 Choosing a Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 Removing the Protector Card. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 Connecting a Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the VGA Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using a Display Adapter Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4 Connecting a Printer or Other Device. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Parallel Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Serial Interface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 Connecting the Keyboard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6 Connecting the Mouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7 Connecting the Power Cord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8 Turning On the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turning Off the Computer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 2
2
2
3
3
5
1-1
1-3
1-4
1-4
1-7
1-8
1-8
1-11
1-12
1-13
1-15
1-16
1-18
Running the Setup Program
Automatic Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting the Setup Program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Continuing From an Error Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Moving the Cursor Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2
2-2
2-4
2-6
V
Setting the Display Adapter Type. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Power-on Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Extended Memory Caching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Processor Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Keyboard and Speaker Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Real-time Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Hard Disk Drive Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hard Disk Drive Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Diskette Drive Type(s). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Serial/Parallel Interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reviewing Your Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leaving the Setup Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 3
Using Your Computer
Installing MS-DOS or Another Operating System . . . . . . . . .
Copying the Reference and Utility Files. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Special Keys on the Keyboard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stopping a Command or Program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resetting the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using a Power-on Password. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing a Power-on Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deleting a Power-on Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Disks and Disk Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How Disks Store Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Types of Diskette Drives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Caring for Diskettes and Diskette Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Write-protecting Diskettes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using a Single Diskette Drive System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inserting and Removing Diskettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Formatting Diskettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Making Backup Copies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using a Hard Disk Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
vi
2-7
2-9
2-12
2-14
2-15
2-17
2-20
2-24
2-26
2-27
2-29
2-31
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-5
3-5
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-10
3-10
3-12
3-14
3-16
3-18
3-19
3-21
3-21
3-22
Chapter 4
Enhancing System Operations
Using AUTOEXEC.BAT and Other Batch Files. . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Processor Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Entering Keyboard Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the ESPEED Program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reassigning the Diskette Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the AFDD Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Your Computer as a Network Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using a Password in Network Server Mode . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Expanded Memory Beyond 640KB. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Special VGA Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 5
Installing and Removing Options
Removing the Cover. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Jumper Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Jumpers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing an Option Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing an Option Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding Memory Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing Memory Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing Memory Modules. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a Math Coprocessor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing a Math Coprocessor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Post-installation Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appendix A
4-1
4-2
4-4
4-5
4-7
4-8
4-9
4-11
4-12
4-13
5-2
5-6
5-7
5-10
5-15
5-16
5-17
5-22
5-25
5-30
5-30
5-32
Using the VGA Utilities
Preparing to Install Drivers or Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the VGA Driver Setup Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Microsoft Windows/286, Versions 2.03, 2.10, and 2.11 . . . . . .
Microsoft Windows/386, Versions 2.03, 2.10, and 2.11 . . . . . .
Microsoft Windows, Version 3.0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-4
A-4
A-8
A-10
A-l 1
vii
Microsoft/IBM OS/2 Presentation Manager,
Versions 1.1 and 1.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Microsoft Word,Version 5.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Autodesk AutoCAD, Version 2.62. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Autodesk AutoCAD, Version 9.00. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Autodesk AutoCAD, Version 10.0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Autodesk AutoCAD 386, Version 10.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Autodesk AutoCAD, Version 10.0 (Fast Display List) . . . . . .
Digital Research GEM, Version 2.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Digital Research GEM, Version 3.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ventura Publisher, Versions 1.0 and 1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ventura Publisher, Version 2.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lotus 1-2-3, Release 2.0 and Lotus Symphony,
Releases 1.0, 1.1, and 2.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ashton-Tate Framework II, Release 1.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WordStar, Version 3.3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WordStar, Versions 4.0 and 5.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WordPerfect, Versions 4.0 and 4.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WordPerfect, Version 5.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VersaCAD Design, Version 5.4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VersaCAD 386, Version 5.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CADVANCE, Version 3.50 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OrCAD, Version 3.22 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Generic CADD, Version 1.1, Level 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VESA Driver, Version 1.0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using SETVESA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using VTEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utility Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VGAMODE Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SETVGA Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MODETEST Utility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WS33INST Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SNOOZE Utility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
*..
VIII
A-13
A-15
A-16
A-18
A-20
A-23
A-25
A-27
A-29
A-31
A-33
A-34
A-37
A-39
A-41
A-43
A-44
A-46
A-48
A-49
A-51
A-52
A-54
A-55
A-56
A-57
A-57
A-59
A-62
A-63
A-63
Appendix B
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
Using the Correct Drive Bay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Use This Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Hard Disk Drive Jumpers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Jumpers for Two Hard Disk Drives . . . . . . . .
Changing the Jumper Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a Hard Disk in the Vertical Position. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the Mounting Frames From the Drive . . . . . .
Removing and Attaching the Mounting Plate . . . . . . . .
Installing the Drive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the Hard Disk Drive Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing a Hard Disk From the Vertical Position . . . . . . . . .
Installing or Removing a Disk Drive in the
Horizontal Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the Subassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a Disk Drive in the Horizontal Position. . . . . .
Replacing the Drive on the Subassembly. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing a Disk Drive From the Horizontal Position . .
Replacing the Subassembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appendix C
B-2
B-3
B-4
B-4
B-5
B-8
B-8
B-10
B-13
B-18
B-24
B-27
B-28
B-34
B-42
B-44
B-47
Physically Formatting a Hard Disk
Choosing the Type of Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reformatting a Used Disk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Formatting a New Disk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting an Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting the Formatting Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Option 1, Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Modifying the Defective Track Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Formatting the Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Option 2, Destructive Surface Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Option 3, Non-destructive Surface Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exiting the Hard Disk Format Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C-2
C-3
C-4
C-4
C-4
C-5
C-7
C-9
C-10
C-12
C-13
ix
Appendix D Troubleshooting
Identifying Your System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Computer Won’t Start. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Computer Does Not Respond . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Password Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing a Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting a New Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keyboard Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitor Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diskette Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diskette Drive Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hard Disk Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printer Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Option Card Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mouse Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the MOUSE7PT.EXE Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memory Module Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Math Coprocessor Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appendix E
Performing System Diagnostics
Starting System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting an Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Modifying the Device List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting a Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resuming From an Error. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Error Codes and Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
X
D-l
D-2
D-5
D-6
D-8
D-9
D-11
D- 12
D-13
D-15
D-18
D-19
D-22
D-23
D-25
D-26
D-27
D-28
D-29
E-2
E-4
E-5
E-6
E-8
E-l2
Appendix F
Specifications
CPU and Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Controllers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mass Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keyboard.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environmental Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Physical Characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
F-l
F-2
F-2
F-3
F-3
F-4
F-4
F-5
Glossary
Index
xi
xii
Introduction
The Epson® Equity® 386/25 PLUS is a high-performance
personal computer which offers exceptional speed and
convenience in a compact design. The computer’s 25 MHz
80386 microprocessor makes all your programs run extremely
fast, even when supporting multitasking operations.
Your system includes 2MB of internal memory, a built-in ‘VGA
(video graphics array) display adapter, built-in parallel and serial
interfaces, an IBM® PS/2™ compatible mouse port, and four
standard option slots (three 16.bit and one B-bit). These
interfaces allow you to connect most of your peripheral devices
directly to the computer, so you do not have to install option
cards. You can use the option slots to install additional devices,
such as a modem or a networking card.
Your computer can support up to three internal drives: either
two diskette drives and one hard disk drive, or one diskette drive
and two hard disk drives.
The Equity 386/25 PLUS offers several other features to
enhance the speed and versatility of your computer:
❏ Memory caching. Portions of your system memory are
copied to a high-speed cache buffer so your computer can
access programs and data very quickly.
❏ Shadow RAM. Your system ROM (read-only memory) and
video ROM are copied into the computer’s 32-bit RAM
(random access memory) to further accelerate system
performance.
❏ Extended and super-extended VGA modes. The built-in
VGA adapter and VGA drivers (included) provide graphics
resolutions up to 1024 x 768 in 16 colors or 640 x 480 in
256 colors on compatible VGA monitors.
Introduction 1
Optional Equipment
You can easily upgrade your computer by installing additional
memory and adding optional devices compatible with the IBM
Personal Computer, PC XT,™ or PC AT.“’
By adding memory modules to the main system board, you can
expand the computer’s memory up to 16MB. Memory modules
are efficient because they eliminate the need to use an option
slot to add memory to your system. Your computer can also
access memory on modules faster than memory on an option
card.
You may also want to install a math coprocessor in your
computer to speed up calculations in certain application
programs. You can add an Intel ® 80387 (25MHz) or a
Weitek®3167 (25MHz) math coprocessor; or you can add both
by installing a Weitek dual-coprocessor adapter. Check with
your authorized Epson dealer to see which options are available.
Operating Systems and Other Software
You probably have a version of MS-DOS@’ to use with your
computer. Epson has enhanced MS-DOS by adding two timesaving utilities-HELP and MENU-that make it easier to use.
The HELP program lets you display information on the screen
about any MS-DOS command. MENU provides an easy way to
run many of these commands.
2 Introduction
You can use virtually any application program designed for the
IBM PC, PC XT, PC AT, or compatible computers on your
Equity 386/25 PLUS. You may also use powerful 32-bit
software-such as Microsoft Windows/386™-with your
computer.
VGA Utilities
Epson has provided special VGA utilities and device drivers
that you can use with certain standard VGA monitors and
multi-frequency monitors. Using these drivers, you can take
advantage of extended and super-extended VGA features such
as 16-color graphics mode resolutions up to 1024 x 768,256-color
resolutions up to 640 x 480, and 132-column text mode.
How to Use This Manual
This manual explains how to set up and operate your
computer, install options, and run diagnostics checks. Although
the illustrations show a computer with a 5¼-inch diskette drive,
instructions are included for using a 3½-inch drive.
You do not need to read everything in this book; see the
following chapter summaries.
Chapter 1 provides simple step-by-step instructions for setting
up your system. On the back cover foldout are illustrations
showing the different parts of your computer; refer to these as
you set up your system.
Introduction 3
Chapter 2 describes how to run the Setup program to define
your computer’s configuration. Do this before you use your
computer. You may need to do it again later if you change the
configuration.
Chapter 3 provides instructions for important operating
procedures, such as using and caring for disks and disk drives.
Chapter 4 describes specialized features you can use to enhance
your system’s performance.
Chapter 5 describes some of the options you can use in your
computer and contains instructions for removing the cover,
setting jumpers, and installing options.
Appendix A provides instructions for using the VGA device
drivers and utilities.
Appendix B explains how to install and remove a hard disk or
diskette drive.
Appendix C describes how to perform a hardware-level format
on a hard disk. You need to do this only if you have installed a
new hard disk that has never received this type of low-level
format, or if you are having serious problems with the disk.
Appendix D contains troubleshooting tips.
Appendix E outlines the system diagnostics checks. If you are
having trouble with any part of the hardware, you may want to
run some of these.
Appendix F gives the technical specifications for the computer.
At the end of the manual, you’ll find a glossary and an index.
4 Introduction
Where to Get Help
Customer support and service for Epson products are provided
by a network of authorized Epson dealers and Customer Care
Centers throughout the United States. Epson America provides
product information and support to its dealers and Customer
Care Centers.
Therefore, we ask that you contact the business where you
purchased your Epson product to request assistance. If the people
there do not have the answer to your question, they can obtain
it through our toll-free dealer support program. Epson is
confident that this policy will provide you with the assistance
you need.
Call the Epson Consumer Information Center at
(213) 782-2600 for the following:
❏ Your nearest Epson dealer
❏ The nearest Customer Care Center.
To locate or purchase accessories or supplies, contact your
nearest Epson dealer.
6 lntroduction
Chapter 1
Setting Up Your System
Setting up your Equity 386/25 PLUS personal computer is easy.
Just follow the eight steps in this chapter. As you set up your
computer, you may want to leave this manual’s back cover
foldout open so you can refer to the illustrations identifying the
different parts.
1
Choosing a Location
Setting Up Your System
1-1
Before you set up your computer, it’s important to choose a safe,
convenient location that provides the following:
❏ A large, sturdy desk or table. The surface should be strong
enough to support the weight of your system and all of its
components. Select a location that allows plenty of space so
you can work comfortably.
❏ A flat, hard surface. Soft surfaces like beds and carpeted
floors attract static electricity, which can erase data on your
disks and damage the computer’s circuitry. Soft surfaces also
prevent proper ventilation.
❏ Good air circulation. Air must be able to move freely under
the system and behind it. Leave several inches of space
around the computer.
❏ Moderate environmental conditions. Protect your computer
from extremes in temperature, humidity, dust, and smoke.
Avoid direct sunlight or any other source of heat. High
humidity also hinders operation, so select a cool, dry area.
❏ Appropriate power sources. To prevent static charges,
connect all your equipment to three-prong, 120-volt
grounded outlets. You need one outlet for the computer, one
for the monitor, and additional outlets for a printer and any
other peripherals.
❏ No electromagnetic interference. Locate your system away
from any electrical device, such as a telephone, which
generates an electromagnetic field.
1-2
Setting Up Your System
2
Removing the Protector Card
If you have a 5¼-inch diskette drive, there is a protector card in
the diskette slot. This card is inserted at the factory to protect
the read/write heads in the drive. To remove it, flip the latch up
to pop the card out part way, then pull it out, as shown below.
(If you have a second 5¼-inch diskette drive, be sure to remove
the protector card from that drive as well.)
Save the protector card. If you transport your computer, you may
want to insert the card into your diskette drive prior to shipping.
This will protect the read/write heads during the shipping
process.
Setting Up Your System
1-3
3
Connecting a Monitor
The procedure you use to connect your monitor to the computer
depends on the type of monitor you have. If you have a VGA
monitor (or a multi-frequency monitor with an analog
connector), you can connect it to the computer’s built-in VGA
port. See “Using the VGA Interface” below. If you have any
other type of monitor, see “Using a Display Adapter Card”
below.
Using the VGA Interface
Follow these steps to connect your VGA monitor to the VGA
port on the computer:
1. Make sure your monitor is turned off.
1-4
2.
Place your monitor on top of or near the computer. For easy
access, turn the monitor and computer around so the backs
of both components are facing you.
3.
If necessary, connect the monitor cable to the monitor.
(Your monitor may have a permanently attached cable.)
Setting Up Your System
4. Examine the connector end of the monitor cable, and
position the plug to match the orientation of the monitor
interface (marked with a monitor icon). Then insert the
plug into the port (the connector should fit in easily when
properly oriented), as shown below.
To avoid damaging the connector, take care not to bend
the pins when inserting the plug.
5. If the connector has retaining screws, tighten them by hand
or with a screwdriver, depending on the screw type.
Setting Up Your System
1-5
6. Plug the monitor power cord into the monitor’s power inlet,
as shown below.
7. Plug the other end of the power cord into an electrical
outlet.
l-6
Setting Up Your System
Using a Display Adapter Card
If you are using a non-VGA monitor, you’ll need to install a
display adapter (video) card in one of the computer’s option
slots before you can connect the monitor. (Your dealer may have
already installed the video card for you.)
If the video card has not yet been installed, you’ll need to follow
the step-by-step instructions in Chapter 5 to install an option
card. But first, check the following table to make sure your
display adapter card and monitor are properly matched.
Monitor/video card compatibility
Monitor
Video card
Monochrome
Monochrome display adapter (MDA)
Multi-mode graphics adapter (MGA)
Enhanced graphics adapter (EGA)
Hercules® graphics card
Color or EGA
Color graphics adapter (CGA)
Multi-mode graphics adapter (MGA)
Enhanced graphics adapter (EGA)
* Color monitors do not support EGA cards.
When you are installing the video card, check to make sure any
switches or jumpers on the card are set properly. For example,
you may need to change a switch setting to select color or
monochrome. See the documentation that came with your
monitor or video card for instructions.
Setting Up Your System
1-7
Once you have installed your video card, return to this section
to connect your monitor to the computer. If your monitor came
with its own manual, follow the instructions there. Otherwise,
you can follow the steps in “Using the VGA Interface” above;
just insert your monitor connector into the video card port
instead of the built-in VGA port.
4
Connecting a Printer or Other Device
Your computer has both parallel and serial interfaces. To
connect a printer or other peripheral device to one of these
interfaces, follow the instructions below. Of course, Epson offers
a full range of printers; ask your dealer for more information.
Using the Parallel Interface
The parallel interface on your computer is Centronics®
compatible and uses a DB-25S connector.
To connect your printer and computer, you need an IBM
compatible printer cable. If you are not sure which one you
need, check with your Epson dealer.
1-8
Setting Up Your System
Once you have the correct printer cable, follow these steps:
1. Place the printer next to the computer with the back panels
of both components facing you.
2. One end of the printer cable has a 25pin, D-shell
connector. Position the plug to match the orientation of
the parallel interface (marked with a special icon). Then
insert the connector into the port, as shown below. If the
plug has retaining screws, tighten them by hand or with a
screwdriver, depending on the screw type.
Setting Up Your System
1-9
3. Connect the other end of the cable to the printer, as shown
below. To secure the cable, squeeze the clips at each side of
the printer port and push them into place.
4. Plug the printer’s power cord into a three-prong, 120-volt,
grounded electrical outlet.
1-10
Setting Up Your System
Using the Serial Interface
If you have a printer, a modem, or other peripheral with a serial
interface, you can connect it to the serial (RS-232C) port on
the back of the computer.
The serial port uses a DB-9P connector, so be sure you have a
compatible cable. To connect a serial device, follow the same
steps as above for connecting a parallel device but insert the
connector into the serial port, marked with a special icon, as
shown below.
Setting Up Your System
1-11
5
Connecting the Keyboard
Follow these steps to connect the keyboard:
1. Hold the keyboard cable connector so the arrow indicator
on the housing faces up. Insert the plug into the appropriate
socket, marked with a keyboard icon, as shown below.
arrow indicator
Caution
1-12
Setting Up Your System
2. You can raise the keyboard by adjusting the legs on the
bottom. To change the angle of the keyboard, turn it over
and flip each leg upward until it locks into place, as shown
below.
6
Connecting the Mouse
Your computer has an auxiliary port for an IBM PS/2 compatible
mouse that uses a miniature DIN (6-pin) connector.
If you have purchased a mouse with this type of connector, you
can connect it to the built-in port on your computer. If you have
another kind of mouse that requires a different interface port,
you need to install an option card to provide the interface. You
also need to change the settings of jumpers JP10 and JP11 inside
the computer. See Chapter 5 for instructions, or ask your dealer
for assistance.
To connect a mouse to the built-in mouse port, hold the mouse
plug so it is oriented properly with the computer socket. Insert
the plug into the appropriate socket, marked with a mouse icon,
as shown in the following illustration.
Setting Up Your System
1-13
mouse connector
Once you have connected a mouse, you may need to add
commands to your MS-DOS CONFIG.SYS file to enable your
computer to use a mouse. See your MS-DOS Reference Manual
and the manual that came with your mouse for instructions.
1-14
Setting Up Your System
7
Connecting the Power Cord
Follow these steps to connect the power cord:
1. Plug the power cord into the AC power inlet on the back
panel, as shown below.
WARNING
To avoid an electric shock, be sure to plug the cord into
the computer before plugging it into the wall socket.
2. Plug the other end of the power cord into a three-prong,
12O-volt, grounded electrical outlet.
Setting Up Your System
1-15
8
Turning On the Computer
After you set up your system, you’re ready to turn on the power.
But first, read the following safety rules to avoid accidentally
damaging your computer or injuring yourself:
0
Do not unplug cables from the computer when the power is
on.
❏ Never turn on the computer with a protector card in the
diskette drive.
❏ Never turn off or reset your computer while a disk drive
light is on. This can destroy data stored on disk or make an
entire disk unusable.
❏ Always wait at least five seconds after you turn off the power
before you turn it on again. Turning the power off and on
rapidly can damage the computer’s circuitry.
❏
Do not leave a beverage on top of or next to your system or
any of its components. Spilled liquid can damage the
circuitry of your equipment.
❏ Always turn off the power, disconnect the computer’s power
cord, and wait five seconds before you remove the cover.
Only remove the cover to access optional devices or change
jumper settings.
Follow these steps to turn on your system:
1. Make sure the power cord is plugged into the AC power
inlet on the back panel of the computer and into a threeprong, 120-volt, grounded electrical outlet.
2. Turn your computer around so the front panel faces you and
place your other system components in an arrangement that
suits you. (See step 1, “Choosing a Location,” for a typical
arrangement.)
1-16
Setting Up Your System
-
3. Turn on the monitor, printer, and any other peripheral
devices connected to the computer.
4. To turn on the computer, press the power button located on
the right side of the front panel, as shown below.
The power indicator below the button lights up. After a few
seconds, the computer starts to perform a diagnostic self test-a
series of checks it completes each time you turn it on to make
sure everything is working correctly.
Note
If you or your dealer have made a major change to your
system, such as adding a disk drive, you may need to wait as
long as five minutes for your computer to complete power-on
diagnostics the first time you turn it on. The more extensive
the changes are, the longer the diagnostics take.
Setting Up Your System
1-17
When the system has successfully completed its self test, you see
a prompt to insert a system diskette. (Do not insert a diskette at
this point.)
If necessary, use the controls on your monitor to adjust the
brightness and contrast until characters on the screen are clear
and at a comfortable level of intensity. If your monitor has
horizontal and vertical hold controls, you may need to use them
to stabilize the display.
Turning Off the Computer
When you are ready to turn off your system, reverse the
sequence of steps you followed to turn it on. Turn off the
computer first, then turn off the monitor and any peripherals.
Now go on to Chapter 2 and follow the instructions to run the
Setup program.
1-18
Setting Up Your System
Chapter 2
Running the Setup Program
The first time you use your Equity 386/25 PLUS, you need to
run the Setup program on the Reference diskette to define the
computer’s configuration. This is a simple procedure you must
do at least once. (You may need to do it again later, if you
change the configuration.)
The Setup program automatically configures parts of your system
and lets you set (or change) the following for your computer:
❏ Display adapter type
❏ Power-on password
❏ Extended memory caching
❏ Processor speed
❏ Keyboard and speaker options
❏ Real-time clock’s time and date
❏ Hard disk drive configuration
❏ Diskette drive type(s)
❏ Serial and parallel port settings.
The configuration you define with the Setup program is stored
in the computer’s CMOS RAM, which is backed up by a
battery. Whenever you turn on the computer, it searches the
CMOS RAM for the correct installation information. If the
computer discovers a difference between the information in the
CMOS RAM and its actual configuration, it prompts you to run
the Setup program.
Running the Setup Program
2-1
Automatic Configuration
The Equity 386/25 PLUS automatically defines your system’s
memory configuration and recognizes a math coprocessor, if you
have installed one. It also detects and configures most of the
devices you have installed in your system. For this reason, you
may not need to change any of the default settings in the Setup
program. However, you should check each of the options on the
Setup menu to verify that the settings are correct for your
configuration.
The computer automatically configures the 2MB of memory that
comes with your system as 640KB of base memory and 1024KB
of extended memory. If you install even more memory, Setup
configures it as extended memory also.
Starting the Setup Program
Follow these steps to start the Setup program:
1. Make sure your computer is turned off.
2. Insert the Reference diskette in drive A as shown in the
following illustration. Make sure the label is facing up and
the read/write slot is pointed toward the drive.
2-2
Running the Setup Program
Slide the diskette into the drive until it is in all the way.
Then turn the latch down to lock it in a vertical position.
(For more instructions on inserting and removing diskettes,
including 3½-inch diskettes, see Chapter 3.)
3. Turn on your system. (Remember to turn on your monitor
and any peripherals before you turn on the computer.) The
screen displays the Operation Menu:
If an error message appears when you turn on the computer,
see “Continuing From an Error Message,” below.
Running the Setup Program
2-3
4. The Setup option is highlighted. To select it, press
Enter. The screen displays the main Setup menu:
Exit
Display
Password
Cache memory
Processor speed
Keyboard / Sound
Real-time clock
Hard disk drive
Diskette drive
Serial/Parallel
Continuing From an Error Message
If your computer has never been set up, you may see an error
message, such as the following:
162 - System options not set
(Run SETUP in REFERENCE DISK)
(Resume = "Fl" key)
If you see an error message like this one, follow these steps:
1. Press F1. The computer beeps and the screen displays a
message, such as the following:
2-4
Running the Setup Program
The error message beside the diamond indicates the
condition causing the error. There may be more than one
error listed in the message. Here are some of the error
messages you may see:
Time is invalid
HDD and/or HDC failed initialization
Memory size is incorrect, correction made
Cacheable range is adjusted
Incorrect configuration
Checksum is incorrect
HDD is incorrect
Some errors, such as Time is invalid, do not allow
you to set a default value, so the screen does not display the
Set default value prompt.Ifyou see one of these
errors, press ESC; the screen displays the main Setup menu
so you can enter a new setting.
2. Be sure Y is highlighted and press Enter. The Setup program
changes the setting that caused the error to a setting that is
more likely to match your configuration. The screen displays
the main Setup menu:
Exit
Display
Password
Cache memory
Processor speed
Keyboard / Sound
Real-time clock
Hard disk drive
Diskette drive
Serial/Parallel
Running the Setup Program
2-5
You should check all the settings in the Setup program to
make sure they are correct for your system. The default value
for the setting that caused the error may not be the correct
one for your configuration.
Moving the Cursor Block
Use and to move the cursor block (the highlighted bar)
through the options on the main Setup menu. After you
highlight the option you want, press Enter to select it.
Follow the instructions in the rest of this chapter to use the
Setup program to define your computer’s configuration.
2-6
Running the Setup Program
Setting the Display Adapter Type
The Setup program can usually detect the exact type of display
adapter you are using with your computer. If you have connected
a VGA monitor to the built-in VGA port, the Setup program
automatically sets the display adapter type. (With this option
you select the type of display adapter you are using-not the
type of monitor.) If you have installed a display adapter card-or
you just want to check the display adapter setting-follow these
steps.
1. At the main Setup menu, highlight Display. A submenu
appears identifying the current display adapter type, such as
the following:
VGA
I
If the display adapter type is correct for your system, you can
skip this section.
Running the Setup Program
2-7
2. To change the display adapter setting, press Enter. The
cursor block moves into the submenu and you see an
additional menu on the right side:
CGA
40 column
CGA
80 column
Monochrome 80 column
EGA,MCGA,VGA or other
3. Press Enter to move the cursor block into this submenu and
then use or to highlight the option that matches your
display adapter type. If you are not sure which one to
choose, follow these guidelines:
❏ If you are using the built-in VGA adapter or have
installed a VGA, EGA, or MCGA card, select EGA,
MCGA,VGA or other.
❏ If you have a color graphics adapter (CGA) or a multimode graphics adapter (MGA) attached to an RGB
(color) monitor, select CGA 80 column. (Also set
the color/mono switch on the MGA card to color.)
❏
If you have a composite color monitor, such as a color
television with a video input, try selecting CGA 80
column. If the resulting resolution is poor, run Setup
again and select CGA 40 column.
❏ If you have a monochrome display adapter (MDA), an
MGA, or a Hercules MGA attached to a monochrome
monitor, choose Monochrome 80 column.
(Also set the color/mono switch on the MGA card to
mono.)
❏ If you have any other combination of monitor and
display adapter card, select EGA, MCGA, VGA or
o t he r. In addition, consult the documentation
supplied with your display adapter card.
2-8
Running the Setup Program
Note
4. After you highlight the appropriate display adapter type,
press Enter. The screen displays your new setting.
5. Highlight * * * SAVE SETTING * * * and press Enter
to return to the main Setup menu.
Setting the Power-on Password
A power-on password is a feature that lets you control who can
access your system. However, you do not need to set a power-on
password to use your computer. If you do not want to set a
password, skip this section.
Once you set a power-on password, you must enter it at the key
prompt (
) every time you turn on or reset your computer.
If you cannot enter it correctly, the computer does not respond
to your keyboard entries. Therefore, if you set a power-on
password, be sure to remember it or write it down and keep it in
a safe place.
If you want to use your computer as a network server, you can
set your password to operate in network server mode. (See
“Using Your Computer as a Network Server” in Chapter 4 for
more information.)
Running the Setup Program
2-9
Follow these steps to set a power-on password and turn on
network server mode (if necessary):
1. At the main Setup menu, highlight Password. This
submenu appears:
Power-on password
Network server mode OFF
2. Press Enter. The cursor block moves to power-on
password.
3. Press Enter. The cursor block moves to an empty box:
4. To enter a password, type any combination of characters
(including letters, numbers, and blank spaces) up to a total
of seven characters. You can use the backspace key to delete
mistakes.
Do not use characters requiring the Shift key, such as
$, @ , or * in your password. The computer does not
recognize the Shift key when you use your password to
access the system.
2- 10
Running the Setup Program
If you want to return to the password submenu without
saving any changes, press Esc.
5. After you enter a password, press Enter to return to the
password submenu.
6. If you want to change the network server mode setting,
highlight Network server mode . To turn network
server mode on or off, press Enter.
You must set a power-on password to turn on network server
mode. If you did not yet enter a password, this message
appears:
Set a power-on password first
To enter a password, highlight Power-on password
and follow steps 3 through 5 above.
7. After you enter a power-on password and turn network
server mode on or off, highlight * * * * SAVE
SETTINGS * * * * and press Enter to return to the main
Setup menu.
Running the Setup Program
2-11
Setting the Extended Memory Caching
Extended memory caching allows your system to work much
faster. When you cache portions of memory, the computer copies
information from that memory into a high-speed cache buffer.
Your system can find information more quickly in the cache
buffer than when it looks for it in the system memory. This
greatly improves the speed at which your system performs.
Note
Caching is active only when your computer is operating at
25 MHz (high) speed.
The Equity 386/25 PLUS automatically enables memory
caching for the 640KB of base memory in your system. For the
memory above 1MB, the Setup program allows you to turn
extended memory caching on or off. The default setting is ON
for all the extended memory currently installed in your system
from 1MB up to the maximum.
Most of the time, you should cache all of your extended memory
to maximize the performance of your 32-bit computer. However,
if you install an optional memory card that “shares” memory
with any of your other system memory, you should turn caching
off in memory areas that are shared. See the manual that came
with your memory card to see if this is necessary.
To check or change the extended memory cache setting, follow
these steps:
1. At the main Setup menu, highlight Cache memory.
You see the following cache memory table:
2-12
Running the Setup Program
The table indicates the range of extended memory currently
installed in your system. You see ON or OFF in the first
area because your system comes with 2MB of memory and
the extended memory area from 1MB to 2MB can be
cached. If you installed additional memory, you see ON or
OFF for each additional megabyte of memory you have
installed. The shaded areas indicate ranges of memory that
are not installed.
If your extended memory cache setting is correct, you can
skip the rest of this section.
2. To change the setting, press Enter. The cursor block moves
to Extended memory caching.
3. Press Enter again. The cursor block moves to the first range
in the cache table. To change the setting for the first range
from ON to OFF or vice versa, press Enter.
4. If you installed memory above 2MB, press
to move the
cursor block to the next range. Press Enter to change the
setting from ON to OFF, if necessary.
Then press or to move to the other ranges and press
Enter, as necessary, to change the settings.
5. When you are finished, press
the submenu.
to move the cursor block to
6. Highlight * * * SAVE SETTING * * * and press Enter
to return to the Setup menu.
Running the Setup Program
2-13
Setting the Processor Speed
Your computer’s processor can operate at two speeds: high or
low. High speed is 25 MHz and low speed simulates 8 MHz. The
processor is set to operate at high speed (where it can access
memory faster) unless you change it to low or set the speed to
change automatically (when necessary).
When the computer is running at high speed, the TURBO
indicator on the front panel is illuminated.
You should use high speed for almost everything you do since
your programs work faster on high speed. However, certain
application programs have specific timing requirements for
diskette access and can run only at a slower speed; check your
application program manual.
When you set the processor to change speed automatically, the
computer switches to low whenever it needs to access a diskette
drive and runs at high for all other operations.
This section describes how to set the processor speed in the
Setup program. You can also change the speed using keyboard
commands or by running the ESPEED program. See “Changing
the Processor Speed” in Chapter 4 for more details.
Follow these steps to set your processor speed:
1. At the main Setup menu, highlight Processor
speed . The current status appears:
Speed: High
2- 14
Running the Setup Program
If the displayed setting is correct, skip this section,
2. To change the processor speed, press Enter. The cursor
moves into the submenu and you see another menu:
(High is 25 MHz, Low simulates 8 MHz, and
Automat i c tells the computer to switch from high to
low when accessing a diskette drive.)
3. Press Enter to move the cursor block into the option menu.
4. Use
or
to highlight the speed you want and press Enter.
5. Highlight ** SAVE SETTING * * and press Enter
to return to the main Setup menu.
Setting the Keyboard and Speaker Options
The Keyboard/Sound option lets you control these three features
in your computer:
❏ Speaker
❏ Initial num lock mode
❏ Keyboard repeat rate.
Your computer has a built-in speaker that beeps when you
perform certain operations. The default setting is Enabled
(on) since it serves a useful purpose in many applications;
however, you may prefer to disable the speaker.
Running the Setup Program
2-15
When num lock mode is on, you can use the numeric keys on
the keypad to enter numbers. The initial num lock option in the
Setup program determines whether num lock is on or off when
you turn on your computer.
To turn num lock mode off, just press Num Lock. The
Num Lock light (on the keyboard) goes out and num lock is
disabled until you turn the computer off or until you press
Num Lock again. The next time you turn on your computer,
num lock returns to the setting you selected in the Setup
program.
Note
If you are using the keyboard that came with your computer
(or another IBM AT compatible keyboard), the default for
the initial num lock setting is ON. If you are using a keyboard
that has 83 or 84 keys, the initial num lock default setting is
OFF.
The keyboard repeat rate option lets you change the speed at
which your keyboard repeats a character when you hold down a
key. The default setting is Normal, but you can make the rate
faster or slower.
Follow these steps to check or change the keyboard and speaker
options:
1. At the main Setup menu, highlight Keyboard/ Sound.
The current settings appear:
Speaker
Initial num lock
KB repeat rate
Enabled
ON
Normal
If the displayed settings are appropriate for you, skip this
section.
2- 16
Running the Setup Program
2. To change any of the settings, press Enter. The cursor block
moves into the submenu and the Speaker option is
highlighted.
3. To enable or disable the speaker (turn it on or off), press
Enter.
4. To turn the initial num lock setting on or off, highlight
Initial num lock and press Enter.
5. To change the keyboard repeat rate, highlight
KB repeat rate. You see the following option menu:
6. Press Enter to move the cursor block into the menu.
7. Use
or
to highlight the speed you want and press Enter.
8. Highlight *** SAVE SETTINGS * * * and press
Enter to return to the main Setup menu.
Setting the Real-time Clock
The real-time clock in your computer continuously tracks the
time and date-even when the computer is turned off. The first
time you run Setup, use the Real-time clock option to
set the time and date for your computer. You may need to use
this option again later to adjust your clock for daylight savings
time. The computer automatically changes the date for leap
years.
Running the Setup Program
2-17
Follow these steps to set the real-time clock:
1. At the main menu, highlight Real-time c l o c k . I f
the time and date have been previously set, the current
settings appear:
Time
Date
09:16:52
12-29-1990
If the time and date are correct, you can skip the rest of this
section.
If the time and date are incorrect, go to step 2 below.
If the time and date have never been set, the submenu
contains a template for you to fill in:
Time
Date
xx:xx:xx
xx-xx-xxxx
2. Press Enter to move the cursor block into the submenu.
3. To set or change the time, press Enter again. You see this
box:
(“hh” stands for hours, “mm” stands for minutes, and “ss”
stands for seconds.)
2-18
Running the Setup Program
4. Using a 24-hour clock, enter the time in the exact format
shown in the box. Type two digits for each part; the Setup
program automatically inserts the colons ( : ). For example,
to set the time to 1:30 p.m., you would type the following:
133000
You can use the backspace key to make corrections. When
the time is correct, press Enter. If you enter an invalid
time-for example, a number greater than 23 for the hours
or greater than 59 for the minutes or seconds-the computer
ignores your entry. Try again.
5. To set or change the date, highlight Date and press
Enter. You see this box:
(“mm” stands for month, “dd” stands for day, and “yyyy”
stands for year.)
6. Enter the date in the exact format shown in the box. Use
two digits for the month and day, and four digits for the
year; the Setup program automatically inserts the hyphens.
For example, to set the date for December 29,1990, you
would type the following:
12291990
You can use the backspace key to make corrections. When
the date is correct, press Enter. If you enter an invalid
date-for example, a number greater than 12 for the month
or greater than the number of days in that month-the
computer ignores your entry. Try again.
7. Press
once or twice to return to the main Setup menu.
Running the Setup Program
2-19
Note
The Setup program automatically saves the time and date
when you press Enter after typing each one. If you then exit
the Setup program without saving your changes, the new time
and date still take effect.
Setting the Hard Disk Drive Configuration
If your computer came with a factory-installed hard disk, your
hard disk configuration has already been set and you can skip
this section.
If you installed or removed a hard disk, follow these steps to set
the computer’s hard disk configuration:
1. At the main menu, highlight Hard disk drive.
Your current settings appear, such as the following:
The Type number indicates the type of hard disk
installed in your computer. See your hard disk
documentation for the correct drive type number. (If that
documentation does not give the drive type number, it may
list the drive’s parameters which you can use to identify the
drive type number.) Then consult the Hard Disk Drive
Types table on page 2-24 for a list of the types you can use in
your computer.
The None after Drive 2 indicates that there is no
second hard disk.
If the displayed settings match your hard disk configuration,
skip the rest of this section.
2-20
Running the Setup Program
If a setting is incorrect, or if you want to see more details
about your hard disk configuration, go to step 2.
2. Press Enter. You see a menu such as the following:
The submenu lists the settings you can change for each drive:
the number of cylinders, the number of read/write heads, the
number of sectors, the precompensation cylinder, and the
landing zone (the cylinder on which you park the heads
when moving the computer). It also displays the total storage
capacity in megabytes.
3. If you want to change the settings for drive 1 (which is
drive C on most computers), press Enter to highlight
D r i v e 1 : . If you want to change the settings for drive 2,
press Enter and then to highlight Drive 2 : .
4. Press Enter again. You see this submenu:
Running the Setup Program
2-21
5. If you have disconnected the drive or if the drive does not
exist, highlight None and press Enter. All the drive
settings become 0. Go to step 8.
If your hard disk matches one of the drive types listed in the
Hard Disk Drive Types table, go to step 6.
If your hard disk does not match one of the drive types listed
in the Hard Disk Drive Types table, go to step 7.
6. Highlight Type and press Enter. The current type
number appears:
Now select the drive type number that matches your hard
disk configuration in the Hard Disk Drive Types table.
You can enter the drive type in one of two ways:
❏ You can type the drive type number and press Enter.
The screen displays the new number and settings.
❏ You can use the cursor keys to scan through the drive
type numbers. This is a handy way to verify new hard
disk settings before you press Enter because the settings
list is updated as you display each new type.
After you select the appropriate drive type number, press
Enter. The screen displays the new number and hard disk
settings. Go to step 8.
7.
2-22
If the configuration of the hard disk does not match one of
the drive types listed in the Hard Disk Drive Types table,
highlight User defined and press Enter. You see the
following:
Running the Setup Program
The same parameter is highlighted on the submenu above.
Enter the correct number of cylinders and press Enter.
The information for Number of cylinders is
automatically updated on the submenu above and you see
the next parameter, Number of heads. Enter the
correct number of read/write heads for the hard disk and
press Enter.
Follow this same procedure for each remaining item in the
settings list (the number of sectors, the precompensation
cylinder, and the landing zone).
If you enter a parameter incorrectly, press or to
highlight the parameter and then enter it again.
The Setup program does not allow you to enter the total
storage capacity; it calculates the storage capacity for you
based on what you enter for the number of cylinders, heads,
and sectors.
After you type the landing zone number and press Enter,
the cursor block returns to the Drive submenu heading.
8. If you want to change the hard disk type for another drive,
press or and return to step 4.
9. When the hard disk drive settings are correct, press to
move the cursor block into the top submenu. Highlight
** SAVE SETTINGS * * and press Enter to save your
hard disk drive configuration.
Running the Setup Program
2-23
Hard Disk Drive Types
The following table lists the types of hard disk drives you can use
in your computer. Check this table and the documentation
supplied with your hard disk to find the correct number for the
type of hard disk drive(s) installed in your computer. You need
to enter this number when you set the hard disk drive
configuration in the Setup program.
Hard disk drive type
2-24
Running the Setup Program
Hard disk drive types (continued)
Running the Setup Program
2-25
Setting the Diskette Drive Type(s)
Your Equity 386/25 PLUS probably came with one factoryinstalled diskette drive. If you added a second diskette drive or
removed one, you may need to change the diskette drive settings
to match your configuration. If you haven’t made any changes,
you can verify your drive type settings. Follow these steps:
1. At the main menu, highlight Diskette drive.The
current settings appear:
Drive A:
Drive B:
1.2 MB
None
If the diskette drive types on the screen match your diskette
drive configuration, you can skip the rest of this section.
2. To change a setting, press Enter. The cursor block moves
into the diskette drive submenu and you see the following:
Not installed
360 KB drive
720 KB drive (3.5")
1.2 MB drive
1.44 MB drive (3.5")
You also see the message Selected drive light
i s ON. This tells you that the light on the diskette drive
currently selected is on.
3.
If you want to change the drive A settings, be sure
Drive A: is highlighted and press Enter. If you want to
change the drive B settings, highlight Drive B : and
press Enter. The cursor block moves into the submenu.
2-26
Running the Setup Program
4. Use or to highlight the correct capacity for your diskette
drive and press Enter. The screen displays the type you
selected.
If you want to enter the type for another diskette drive,
return to step 3.
5. When the diskette drive settings are correct, highlight
** SAVE SETTINGS * * and press Enter. The cursor
block returns to the main Setup menu and you see the
updated information for drives A and B.
Setting the Serial/Parallel Interfaces
The serial and parallel interfaces in your computer are set to act
as the primary ports. If you have not added any additional serial
or parallel port, you can skip this section.
If you install an option card with its own serial or parallel port,
you may want to designate the built-in port as secondary and the
additional port as primary. The Setup program lets you choose
which port is primary and which is secondary so there is no
conflict between the built-in port and the additional port. Here
are some guidelines:
If you install an option card with a port preset as primary by
the manufacturer, you must designate it as the primary port
and make the computer’s built-in port the secondary port.
If you install an option card or peripheral with a port that is
not pre-set, you can designate it as the primary or secondary
port.
If you install two option cards with ports, designate one as
the primary port and the other as the secondary port and
disable the built-in port.
Running the Setup Program
2-27
Follow these steps to change your built-in serial and parallel
interface settings:
1. At the main menu, highlight Serial/Parallel.The
current settings for each port appear:
Serial
Parallel
Primary
Primary
2. Press Enter to move the cursor block into the submenu. You
see this additional option menu:
Disabled
Primary
Secondary
3. If you want to change the serial port setting, be sure
Serial is highlighted and press Enter. If you want to
change the parallel port setting, highlight p a r a 1 1 e 1
and press Enter. The cursor block moves into the submenu.
4. Use or to highlight the appropriate setting for the port
you selected and press Enter. The screen displays the new
setting.
Note
If you add an option card with a parallel or serial port and
highlight a setting that causes a conflict between your
built-in port and the port on the option card, you see- this
message:
Conflict
with option
card
Highlight a setting that is appropriate for your system
configuration and press Enter.
2-28
Running the Setup Program
If you want to change the setting for the other port, return
to step 3.
5. When the serial and parallel port settings are correct,
highlight ** * SAVE SETTINGS *** and press
Enter. The cursor block returns to the main Setup menu
and you see your updated serial and parallel interface
settings.
Reviewing Your Settings
When you finish using the Setup program to define your
computer’s configuration, use
to highlight Exit at the main
Setup menu and press Enter. The following Setup summary
appears on the screen:
Running the Setup Program
2-29
There are two more Setup summary screens you need to check.
To display the next screen, press PgDn. You see the following:
Real-time clock
13:40:38
Time
Date
12-29-1990
coprocessor
not installed
Diskette drive
Drive A:
Drive B:
1.2 MB
None
Speaker
Initial num lock
Keyboard repeat rate
Enabled
Serial
Parallel
Primary
Primary
Normal
If you have never set the real-time clock, the entry at the top of
the screen flashes to remind you to set the time and date. See
“Setting the Real-time Clock,” above, for instructions.
To view the last Setup summary screen, press PgDn. You see
your hard disk drive configuration(s):
Hard disk drive
Drive 1:
Type
60
Number of cylinders
Number of heads
Number of sectors
Precomp. cylinder
Landing zone
Total capacity (MB)
2-30
Drive 2:
716
8
33
None
775
100
Running the Setup Program
None
Number of cylinders 0
0
Number of heads
0
Number of sectors
0
Precomp. cylinder
0
Landing zone
Total capacity (MB) .0
Check each Setup summary screen to see if all the information is
correct. You can press PgUp to display the previous screen or
PgDn to display the next screen. If anything is incorrect, be sure
Change settings is highlighted and press Enter. The
main Setup menu appears and you can change the appropriate
settings.
Leaving the Setup Menu
If you did not change any settings or you want to cancel the
changes you made, highlight Exit without saving at
a Setup summary screen and press Enter. The Operation Menu
appears. (If you changed the time or date, the new setting takes
effect even if you exit the Setup program without saving your
changes.)
If you want to save the settings you entered, highlight
** EXIT AND SAVE * * and press Enter at a Setup
summary screen. The Setup program stores the new settings and
resets the computer using the new configuration. If you have set
a password, you need to enter it at the key prompt. (See “Using
a Power-on Password” in Chapter 3 for instructions.) The
Operation Menu appears.
If you have just run Setup for the first time, remove the
Reference diskette from the drive and turn off your system. Then
follow the instructions in your MS-DOS Installation Guide to
install MS-DOS. (If you are using a different operating system,
follow the installation instructions in that manual.)
Once you have installed MS-DOS, you should always boot the
computer from the hard disk or the MS-DOS Startup diskette
when you are finished running Setup. First remove the
Reference diskette from drive A. If you do not have a hard disk,
insert the Startup diskette. Then reset your computer to make
sure it performs all the commands in the CONFIG.SYS and
AUTOEXEC.BAT files.
Running the Setup Program.
2-31
If the computer displays an error message while it is starting up,
run the Setup program again and check the setting the error
message indicates. If the computer still displays an error message
after you check your Setup program settings, see Appendix D or
E, or ask your dealer for assistance.
Note
Be sure to make a backup copy of your Reference diskette
after you run the Setup program and install MS-DOS. See
your MS-DOS Reference Manual for instructions on how to
copy diskettes.
2-32
Running the Setup Program
Chapter 3
Using Your Computer
This chapter briefly describes the following procedures for using
your computer:
❏ Installing MS-DOS or another operating system
❏ Copying the Reference and Utility diskette files
❏ Using special keys on the keyboard
❏ Stopping a command or program
❏ Resetting the computer
❏ Using a power-on password
❏ Using disks and disk drives.
Installing MS-DOS or Another Operating
System
After you connect the components of your system and run the
Setup program, you must install the operating system on your
computer. If you are installing MS-DOS, follow the instructions
in your MS-DOS Installation Guide. If you are installing
another operating system, such as MS OS/2 or UNIX, see the
manual that comes with that system for instructions on
installing and using it. The instructions in this manual assume
that you are using MS-DOS with your computer.
Note
Be sure to make backup copies of your original operating
system diskettes.
Using Your Computer
3-1
Copying the Reference and Utility Files
If you have a hard disk, you’ll probably want to copy some of the
files on your Reference and Utility diskettes to the hard disk.
This allows you to run the programs directly from your hard disk
instead of having to insert a diskette. Use the COPY command
(described in your MS-DOS Reference Manual) to copy the
following files from the Reference diskette to your hard disk:
AFDD.EXE
HDSIT.VER
ESPEED.EXE
ROMBIOS.COM
HDSIT.COM
The Reference diskette also contains files for the Setup program
and the System diagnostics program. However, you should
always run these programs from the Reference diskette in
drive A; so do not copy these files to your hard disk.
The Utility diskettes contain VGA drivers that allow you to
display graphics in certain high-resolution modes. If you want to
use any of these extended modes on your VGA monitor, you’ll
need to copy any VGA files you need to your hard disk as well.
See Appendix A for a list of the VGA drivers and utilities and
instructions for using them.
Note
Be sure to make backup copies of your Reference and Utility
diskettes. See your MS-DOS Reference Manual for
instructions.
3-2
Using Your Computer
Special Keys on the Keyboard
Certain keys on your keyboard serve special functions when
your computer is running MS-DOS or application programs.
The keyboard layout is shown below, and special keys are
described in the table.
function keys
A
main character keys
cursor
keys
numeric
keypad
Key functions
Key
Purpose
Moves the cursor one tab to the right in normal
mode and one tab to the left in Shift mode.
Caps Lock
Changes the letter keys from lower- to
uppercase; changes back to lowercase when
pressed again. The numeric/symbol keys on
the top row of the keyboard and the symbol
keys in the main part of the keyboard are not
affected.
Shift
Produces uppercase characters or the top
symbols on the keys when used with the
main character keys. Produces lowercase
characters when the Caps Lock function is on.
Ctrl
Works with other keys to perform special
(control) functions, such as editing operations
in MS-DOS and various application programs.
Using Your Computer
3-3
Key functions (continued)
Key
Purpose
Alt
Works with other keys to enter alternate
character codes or functions.
+-Backspace
Moves the cursor back one space, deleting
the character to the left of the cursor.
J Enter
Ends a line of keyboard input or executes a
command.
insert (Ins)
Turns the Insert function on and off.
Delete (Del)
Deletes the character marked by the cursor.
Home, End
Page UP (PgUp)
Page Down (PgDn)
Control cursor location.
Num Lock
Changes the function of the numeric/cursor
keys from entering numbers to positioning the
cursor; changes back when pressed again.
Esc
Cancels the current command line or
operation.
F1-F12
Perform special functions within application
programs.
Print Screen
(PrtSc)
Prints the screen display on a line printer.
SYS Rq (Req)
Generates the System Request function in
some application programs (used with Aft).
Scroll Lock
Controls scrolling in some applications.
Pause
Suspends the current operation.
Break
Terminates the current operation (when used
with Ctrl).
The Caps Lock, Num Lock, and Scroll Lock keys work as
toggles; press the key once to turn on a function and again to
turn it off. When the function is enabled, the corresponding
light in the upper right comer of the keyboard is on.
3-4
Using Your Computer
Stopping a Command or Program
You may sometimes need to stop a command or program while
it is running. Many programs provide a command you can use
to cancel or even undo an operation. If you have entered an
MS-DOS command that you want to stop, try one of the
following commands:
❏ Hold down the Ctrl key and press C.
❏ Hold down the Ctrl key and press Break.
These methods may also work in your application program.
If not, you may need to reset the computer as described below.
Caution
It is best not to turn off the computer to stop a program or
command. If you created new data and have not yet stored it,
the data will be erased if you turn off the computer. The
computer stores your data in its memory area (RAM) until
you save it; but the data is erased each time you turn off or
reset the computer.
Resetting the Computer
Occasionally, you may want to clear the computer’s current
settings or its memory without turning it off. You can do this by
resetting the computer.
For example, if an error occurs and the computer does not
respond to your keyboard entries, you can reset it to reload
MS-DOS and try again. However, resetting erases any data in
memory that you have not saved; so reset only if necessary.
Using Your Computer
3-5
Caution
Do not reset the computer as a means to exit a program.
Some programs classify and store new data when you exit a
program in the normal manner. If you reset the computer
without properly exiting a program, you may lose data.
To reset the computer, MS-DOS must be either on the hard disk
or on a diskette in drive A; so if you do not have a hard disk,
insert the Startup diskette in drive A.
There are two ways to reset the computer:
❏ If you are using MS-DOS, hold down Ctrl and Alt and press
the Del key. The screen goes blank for a moment and then
the computer should reload MS-DOS. If it doesn’t, try the
next method.
❏ Press the RESET button on the front panel. This method
works even when the computer does not respond to your
keyboard entries.
If resetting the computer does not correct the problem, you
probably need to turn it off and reboot it. Remove any
diskette(s) from the diskette drive(s). Turn off the computer
and wait five seconds. If you do not have a hard disk, insert the
Startup diskette in drive A. Then turn on the computer.
3-6
Using Your Computer
Using a Power-on Password
If you set a power-on password when you ran the Setup program,
you must enter it every time you turn on or reset the computer.
Follow these steps to use your password:
1. If you do not have a hard disk, insert your Startup diskette
in drive A.
2. Turn on or reset the computer. The screen displays a key
prompt:
3. At the key prompt, type your power-on password. The key
turns when you type a character, but the screen does not
display the characters you type. Then press Enter.
After you type the password correctly and press Enter, a happy
face character appears. Then the computer loads MS-DOS and
displays the MS-DOS command prompt. (If you installed the
Shell program when you installed MS-DOS, you see the Shell
Start Programs menu instead of the command prompt.)
Note
If you turned on network server mode when you ran the
Setup program, you need to use a different procedure to enter
your password. See “Using Your Computer as a Network
Server” in Chapter 4.
You have three chances to enter the correct password. If you do
not enter the correct password at the key prompt, another key
prompt appears. If you do not enter the correct password at the
third key prompt, the screen displays a zero, the keyboard locks
up, and you cannot use the computer. Reset the computer and
try to enter the correct password again. (See “Resetting the
Computer,” above, for instructions.)
Using Your Computer
3-7
Note
If you do not know the correct password, see “Password
Problems” in Appendix D.
Changing a Power-on Password
To change your power-on password, follow these steps:
1.
If you do not have a hard disk, insert your Startup diskette
in drive A.
2. Turn on or reset the computer. At the key prompt, enter
your current power-on password followed by a forward slash
(/). After the slash, enter the new password you want to
use. For example, if your current password is 123 and you
want to change it to ABC, type:
123/ABC
Do not use characters requiring the Shift key, such as
$, @, or *, in your new password. The computer does not
recognize the Shift key when you use your password to
access the system.
The screen does not display what you type.
Caution
Be sure to remember the new power-on password you
enter or write it down and keep it in a safe place. If you
cannot remember the password you enter now, you will
not be able to access your computer the next time you
turn it on.
3. Press Enter. A happy face character appears and then the
computer loads MS-DOS.
3-8
Using Your Computer
Next time you turn on or reset the computer, use the new
password.
Deleting a Power-on Password
To delete your power-on password, follow these steps:
1. If you do not have a hard disk, insert your Startup diskette
in drive A.
2. Turn on or reset the computer. At the key prompt, enter
your current password followed by a forward slash. For
example, if your password is 123, type:
123/
3. Press Enter. A happy face character appears and then the
computer loads MS-DOS.
The next time you turn on or reset the computer, it does not
request a password and loads MS-DOS immediately.
Note
You need to know the password in order to delete it using this
method. If you do not know the password, see “Password
Problems” in Appendix D.
Using Your Computer
3-9
Using Disks and Disk Drives
The disk drives in your computer allow you to store data on disk,
and then retrieve and use your stored data. This section explains
how disks work and tells you how to:
❏ Use different types of diskettes and diskette drives
❏ Care for your diskettes and diskette drives
❏ Write-protect diskettes
❏ Use a single diskette drive system
❏ Insert and remove diskettes
❏ Format diskettes
❏ Make backup copies
❏ Use a hard disk drive.
How Disks Store Data
Diskettes are made of flexible plastic coated with magnetic
material. This plastic is enclosed in a square jacket that is either
slightly flexible (5¼-inch diskette), or hard (3½-inch diskette).
Unlike a diskette, a hard disk is rigid and fixed in place. It is
sealed in a protective case to keep it free of dust and dirt. A hard
disk stores data the same way that a diskette does, but it works
much faster and has a much larger storage capacity.
All disks are divided into data storage compartments by sides,
tracks, and sectors. Double-sided diskettes store data on both
sides. On each side are concentric rings, called tracks, on which
the computer stores your data.
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Using Your Computer
A disk is further divided by sectors, which are similar in shape to
pie slices. The figure below provides a simple representation of
tracks and sectors.
Double-sided, double-density diskettes have either 40 or 80
tracks on each side, and double-sided, high-density diskettes
have 80 tracks on each side. Diskettes can have 8,9,15, or 18
sectors per track.
A hard disk consists of two or more platters stacked on top of
one another and thus has four or more sides. In addition, a hard
disk has many more tracks per side than a diskette, but the
number of tracks depends on the capacity of the hard disk. The
number of sectors depends on the type of hard disk.
Using Your Computer
3-11
Your computer uses the read/write heads in a disk drive to store
and retrieve data on a disk. To write to a disk, the computer
spins it in the drive to position the disk so that the area where
the data is to be written is under the read/write head. A diskette
has an exposed area where the read/write head can access it.
Because data is stored magnetically, you can retrieve it, record
over it, and erase it-just as you play, record, and erase music on
a cassette tape.
Types of Diskette Drives
The following list describes the four types of diskette drives you
can use in your computer and which diskettes to use with them:
❏
1.2MB drive–Use 5¼-inch, double-sided, high-density,
96 TPI (tracks per inch), 1.2MB diskettes. These diskettes
contain 80 tracks per side, 15 sectors per track, and hold up
to 1.2MB of information, which is approximately 500 pages
of text.
Note
MB stands for megabyte, which equals 1024KB (or
1,048,576 bytes). KB stands for kilobyte, which equals
1024 bytes. Each byte represents a single character, such
asA,$,or3.
❏
3-12
1.44MB drive–Use 3½-inch, double-sided, high-density,
135 TPI, 1.44MB diskettes. These diskettes contain 80
tracks per side, 18 sectors per track, and hold up to 1.44MB
of information, which is approximately 600 pages of text.
Using Your Computer
❏ 360KB drive–Use 5¼-inch, double-sided, double-density,
48 TPI, 360KB diskettes. (You can also use single-sided,
160KB or 180KB diskettes.) These diskettes contain 40
tracks per side and 8 or 9 sectors per track. With 8 sectors
per track, a diskette holds up to 320KB. With 9 sectors per
track, a diskette holds up to 360KB of information, which is
approximately 150 pages of text.
❏ 720KB drive–Use 3½-inch, double-sided, double-density,
135 TPI, 720KB diskettes. These diskettes contain 80 tracks
per side, 9 sectors per track, and hold up to 720KB of
information, which is approximately 300 pages of text.
Note
You must format a new diskette before you can store data on
it. See “Formatting Diskettes,” later in this section.
Drive and diskette incompatibilities
If your computer has more than one type of diskette drive, or if
you use different types of diskettes, you need to be aware of
certain incompatibilities between the drives and diskettes.
Because of the type and size differences, you cannot use a
3½-inch diskette in a 5¼-inch drive or vice versa. There are
also limitations on using diskettes that are the same size as the
drive but have different capacities. The following tables
summarize the possibilities and limitations.
5¼-inch drive/diskette compatibility
Drive type
Diskette types it can read from and write to
360KB
360KB, 320KB, 180KB, 160KB
1.2MB
1.2MB, 360KB: 320KB; 180KB: 160KB*
* If you write to this diskette in a 1.2MB drive, you may not be able
to read it or write to it in a 360KB drive later.
Using Your Computer
3-13
3½-inch drive/diskette compatibility
Drive type
Diskette types it can read from and write to
720KB
720KB
1.44MB
1.44MB, 720KB
Because of these incompatibilities, always indicate the diskette
type and density when you label your diskettes. (Usually this
information appears on the manufacturer’s label.)
If you have any combination of the above drives (1.44 MB,
1.2MB, 720KB, or 360KB), you can copy files from one drive to
another-using COPY or XCOPY–as long as the correct
diskette type is in each drive. You can also use these commands
to copy files between a hard disk and any type of diskette.
However, you cannot use the MS-DOS DISKCOPY command
to copy from one diskette drive to another if the two drives are
not the same type. For more about copying files and diskettes,
see your MS-DOS Reference Manual.
Caring for Diskettes and Diskette Drives
Follow these basic precautions to protect your diskettes and
avoid losing data:
❏ If you have a diskette that contains data you don’t want to
accidentally write over or erase, be sure you write-protect it.
This is especially important for your operating system and
application program diskettes. See “Write-protecting
Diskettes,” below, for more details.
❏ Do not remove a diskette from the diskette drive or reset or
turn off the computer while the drive light is on. This light
indicates that the computer is copying data to or from a
diskette. If you interrupt this process, you can destroy data.
❏ Remove all diskettes before you turn off the computer.
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Using Your Computer
❏ Keep diskettes away from dust and dirt. Small particles of
dust or dirt can scratch the magnetic surface, destroy data,
and ruin the read/write heads in a diskette drive.
❏ Never wipe, brush, or try to clean diskettes in any way.
❏ Keep diskettes in a moderate environment. They work best
at normal room temperature and in normal humidity. Don’t
leave diskettes sitting in the sun, or in extreme cold or heat.
❏ Keep diskettes away from magnetic fields. (Remember that
diskettes store information magnetically.) There are many
magnetic sources in your home or office, such as electrical
appliances, telephones, and loudspeakers.
❏ Do not place diskettes on top of your monitor or near an
external hard disk drive.
❏ Always hold a 5¼-inch diskette by its protective jacket and
never touch the magnetic surface exposed by the read/write
slot. The oils on your fingertips can damage it.
❏ Do not place anything on top of your diskettes, and be sure
they do not get bent.
❏ Carefully label your diskettes and indicate the type and
density. Attach the label only along the top of a diskette
(next to the manufacturer’s label). Do not stick several
labels on top of one another; too many labels can make it
difficult to insert and remove the diskette in the drive.
❏ Write on a diskette label before you attach it to the diskette.
If you need to write on a label that is already on the diskette,
use only a soft-tip pen-not a ballpoint pen or a pencil.
❏ Store diskettes in their protective envelopes and in a proper
location, such as a diskette container. Do not store diskettes
flat or stack them on top of each other.
Using Your Computer
3-15
Write-protecting Diskettes
You can write-protect a diskette to prevent its data from being
altered. When a diskette is write-protected, you can read it and
copy data from it, but you cannot store new data on it or delete
any files it contains. If you try to change data stored on a writeprotected diskette, MS-DOS displays an error message.
To write-protect a S/t-inch diskette, cover the small,
rectangular notch (shown below) with an adhesive write-protect
tab. Write-protect tabs usually are included in a new package of
blank 5¼-inch diskettes.
To remove the write protection, peel off the write-protect tab.
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Using Your Computer
On a 3½-inch diskette, the write-protect device is a small
switch on the back of the diskette in the lower right comer,
shown below. To write-protect a 3½-inch diskette, slide the
switch toward the edge of the diskette until it clicks into
position, exposing a hole in the comer.
To remove the write protection, slide the switch toward the
center of the diskette until it clicks into position and the hole is
covered.
Note
Some program diskettes have no notch or switch so they are
permanently write-protected. This protects them from being
accidentally erased or altered.
Using Your Computer
3-27
Using a Single Diskette Drive System
MS-DOS expects the computer to have at least two diskette
drives and displays prompts and messages accordingly. Usually,
MS-DOS recognizes the first diskette drive (the top drive) as A
and a second diskette drive as B. If you have only one diskette
drive, MS-DOS can treat it as both A and B when you need to
perform operations that normally require two diskette drives.
For example, if you enter a command to copy data from A to B,
MS-DOS copies the data from the first diskette you place in the
drive (which would be drive A) to the computer’s memory.
Then MS-DOS prompts you to insert another diskette (for drive
B) and copies the data from memory to the new diskette. When
copying is complete, you see a prompt to insert the original
diskette (A).
Because you may often swap diskettes this way, it is important to
remember which diskette is which. It is also a good idea to writeprotect your original diskette. See “Write-protecting Diskettes,”
above.
If you have a hard disk and one diskette drive, you can load the
operating system and application programs from the hard disk,
create and store your data there, and use the diskette drive just
for copying data to or from diskettes.
However, if you have only one diskette drive and no hard disk,
you need to use that drive to load the operating system as well as
any application program you are using. First, insert the operating
system diskette (the Startup diskette, for example) in drive A
and load the operating system; this copies it to the computer’s
memory (RAM) so you do not need to leave the system diskette
in the drive. Then remove the system diskette and insert your
application program diskette to load that data into memory, too.
See your application program manual for detailed instructions.
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Using Your Computer
Note
You can bad MS-DOS from an application program diskette
if that diskette contains the operating system. See your
MS-DOS Reference Manual for information about creating a
system diskette.
Inserting and Removing Diskettes
If you have a 5¼-inch diskette drive, insert a diskette as follows:
hold the diskette with the label facing up and the read/write slot
leading into the drive, as shown below.
Slide the diskette into the slot until it is in all the way. Then
turn the latch down to lock it in a vertical position. This keeps
the diskette in place and allows the read/write heads in the
diskette drive to access the diskette.
When you want to remove a diskette, first make sure the disk
drive light is off. Then flip up the latch and carefully pull out
the diskette. Place it in its protective envelope and store it in a
proper location, such as a diskette container.
Using Your Computer
3-19
If you have a 3¼-inch diskette drive, insert the diskette with
the label facing up and the metal shutter leading into the drive,
as shown in the following illustration. Slide the diskette into the
drive until it clicks into place.
When you want to remove the diskette, make sure the drive
light is off; then press the release button. When the diskette
pops out, remove it and store it properly.
Caution
Never remove a diskette or reset or turn off the computer
while a diskette drive light is on. You could lose your data.
Also, be sure to remove all diskettes before you turn off the
computer.
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Using Your Computer
Formatting Diskettes
Before you can store data on a new diskette, you must format it
using the FORMAT command. Formatting prepares the diskette
so that MS-DOS can write data on it. You need to do this only
once, before you use the diskette for the first time.
You can also reformat previously used diskettes to store new
data. This process erases all the data on the diskette, so be sure
you do not want to save any of the files on a diskette before you
format it. See your MS-DOS Reference Manual for instructions
on using the FORMAT command.
Making Backup Copies
It is important to make copies of all your data and system
diskettes. Make backup (or working) copies of all diskettes that
contain programs, such as your MS-DOS diskettes and the
original Reference and Utility diskettes that came with your
computer. Then use only the copies. Store the original diskettes
in a safe place away from your working diskettes. Also, copy your
data diskettes regularly, whenever you revise them (to keep
them up-to-date) and store them away from your originals.
If you have a hard disk, you’ll probably use it to store the
programs and data files you use regularly. Keep backup copies of
all your files on diskettes.
You can copy your data in several ways:
❏ You can use the COPY or XCOPY command to copy
individual files or groups of files.
❏ You can use the DISKCOPY command to make an exact
duplicate of a diskette.
Using Your Computer
3-21
❏ You can use the BACKUP command to back up hard disk
files to diskettes. Because BACKUP can split large files
across two or more diskettes, it makes more efficient use of
diskette space than COPY or XCOPY. It also allows you to
back up files that are larger than the capacity of your
diskettes.
See your MS-DOS Reference Manual for instructions on using
these commands.
Using a Hard Disk Drive
Using a hard disk is similar to using a diskette. However, the
hard disk provides several advantages:
❏ A 100MB hard disk can store as much data as approximately
eighty-two 1.2MB diskettes.
❏ Your computer can perform all disk-related operations faster.
❏ You can store frequently used programs and data files on the
hard disk, eliminating the inconvenience of swapping
diskettes to access different files.
The added storage capacity makes it easy to move back and forth
between different programs and data files. However, because it is
so easy to add programs and files to your hard disk, you may find
yourself trying to organize hundreds of files.
MS-DOS lets you keep related files together in directories and
subdirectories so they are easy to find and use. See your
MS-DOS Reference Manual for instructions on managing your
files and directories.
A hard disk must be partitioned and formatted before you can
use it. Be sure you have performed the procedures in your
MS-DOS Installation Guide to prepare your hard disk for use.
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Using Your Computer
Backing up the hard disk
While the hard disk is very reliable, it is essential to back up
your hard disk files to diskettes in case you lose some data
accidentally. Make copies of all your system and application
program diskettes before copying the programs to the hard disk.
After you create data files on the hard disk, be sure to copy them
to diskettes whenever you revise them to keep your backup
diskettes up-to-date.
Caring for your hard disk drive
Follow these precautions to protect your hard disk drive from
damage and to avoid losing data:
❏ Never turn off or reset the computer when the hard disk
access light is on. This light indicates that the computer is
copying data to or from the hard disk. If you interrupt this
process, you can lose data.
❏ Never attempt to open the hard disk drive. The disk itself is
enclosed in a sealed container to protect it from dust.
❏ Before you move your computer even a short distance, you
need to run the HDSIT program to prepare the hard disk for
moving, as described below.
Preparing the hard disk for moving
If you need to move your computer to a new location-whether
it is across the country or just across the room-you should run
the HDSIT program to protect the hard disk during the move.
The HDSIT program moves the disk drive’s read/write heads to
a region on the disk surface that does not contain data, and
locks them securely in position. This protects the hard disk from
being damaged if the computer is bumped accidentally.
Using Your Computer
3-23
Follow these steps to run HDSIT:
1. Exit any program you are using and make sure the MS-DOS
command prompt appears on the screen.
2.
If you copied HDSIT to your hard disk (as described at the
beginning of this chapter), type C : and press Enter to log
onto the root directory of the hard disk.
If you do not have a hard disk or you did not copy HDSIT to
drive C, insert the Reference diskette in drive A. Then type
A : and press Enter to log onto that drive.
3. Type the following and press Enter:
HDSIT
You see a message on the screen that tells you the disk drive’s
read/write heads will remain locked until you reset the computer
or turn the power off and on again. The computer locks the
heads and disables the keyboard. Remove any diskettes and turn
off the computer. You are now ready to move it to the new
location.
Note
If your computer came with a 5¼-inch diskette drive and you
still have the original diskette drive protector card, you may
want to insert it into the drive prior to shipping your
computer to protect the read/write heads.
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Using Your Computer
Chapter 4
Enhancing System Operations
This chapter tells you how to use the following procedures to
enhance the operation of your computer:
❏ Using AUTOEXEC.BAT and other batch files
❏ Changing the processor speed
❏ Reassigning the diskette drives
❏ Using your computer as a network server
❏ Using expanded memory beyond 640KB
❏ Using special VGA features.
Using AUTOEXEC.BAT and Other Batch Files
As you get used to using MS-DOS and your application
programs, you may find that there are commands you need to
run frequently. You can automate the execution of these
commands by listing them in a special file called a “batch” file.
When you type the name of the batch file and press Enter,
MS-DOS executes the commands in the file just as if you had
typed each command from the keyboard.
If you have a word processing program that can save a file as a
text-only file (sometimes called an ASCII file), you can use that
program to create a batch file. You can also use the MS-DOS
COPY or EDLIN command to create the file. See your
MS-DOS Reference Manual for instructions on creating and
using batch files.
Enhancing System Operations
4-1
One batch file that you may find particularly useful is called
AUTOEXEC.BAT. Every time you turn on your computer,
MS-DOS looks for the AUTOEXEC.BAT file and
automatically executes each of the commands.
When you install MS-DOS, it automatically creates an
AUTOEXECBAT file for you. To create or modify the file, you
can use the same programs that you use to create any other
batch file (COPY, EDLIN, or a word processing program that
can save a file as a text-only file). However, be sure to name the
file AUTOEXEC.BAT and store it in the root directory of the
hard disk or diskette from which you load MS-DOS.
See your MS-DOS Reference Manual for more information
about your AUTOEXEC.BAT file.
Changing the Processor Speed
Your computer’s processor can operate at two speeds: high and
low. High speed is 25 MHz and low speed simulates an 8 MHz
processor speed. On high, the computer can access memory
faster than on low. Your processor is set to operate at high speed
unless you change the speed to low or set the speed to change
automatically.
Note
When your computer is operating at high speed, the TURBO
light on the front panel is illuminated. The TURBO light is
off when your computer is operating at low speed.
You should use high speed for almost everything you do since
your programs will work faster. However, certain application
programs have specific timing requirements for diskette access
and can run only at the slower speed. See the manual for your
program to determine if this is the case.
4-2
Enhancing System Operations
Some copy-protected programs require the computer to run at
low speed while accessing the program on a diskette. These
programs also usually require you to leave a key disk-the
diskette that contains the copy protection-in the diskette
drive. If you use a copy-protected program often, you may want
to set your processor speed to change automatically to low speed
when accessing the diskette and return to high speed when it is
finished.
There are different types of copy-protected programs. Depending
on the type you have, you may or may not want to set the
processor to automatic speed. Follow these guidelines:
❏ If you are using a copy-protected program that can run only
on a diskette or that requires a key disk, try to load the
program on high speed. If this works, you do not need to set
the speed to change automatically. If you can’t load the
program on high, set the speed to change automatically.
❏ If you are using a copy-protected program that does not
require a key disk but requires a special procedure to install
the program on a hard disk, set the speed to low while you
are installing the program. Once it is installed, set the speed
to high, where you should be able to leave it while you load
and run the program.
If this does not work, try installing and loading the program
at low speed and then change to high speed to run it. Do not
set the speed to change automatically.
There are three ways to change the processor speed:
❏ Run the Setup program on your Reference diskette
❏ Enter a keyboard command
❏ Run the ESPEED program.
Enhancing System Operations
4-3
If you frequently use programs that require the processor to
operate at low speed or require the automatic speed change
when your computer is accessing a diskette, use Setup to change
the processor speed. See Chapter 2 for instructions.
If you use these programs only occasionally, you should use the
keyboard commands or the ESPEED program (described below)
to change the processor speed.
Entering Keyboard Commands
You can change the processor speed by entering one of the
following commands at the MS-DOS prompt:
Ctrl Alt +
Changes the speed to high (25 MHz).
Ctrl Alt -
Changes the speed to low (simulated 8 MHz).
Ctrl Alt *
Tells the computer to change to low speed when
it is accessing a diskette.
For the +, -, and * characters, press the keys on the numeric
keypad. The commands do not work if you use the characters on
the main keyboard.
Note
You can use the commands listed above while you are
running a program. However, if you are running a program
that uses one of the same commands for another function,
you cannot use that command to change the processor speed.
For example, if you are running a program that uses the
Ctrl Alt - command to move the cursor, you cannot enter
Ctrl Alt - to change the processor speed to low. When you
exit the program, you can enter these commands at the
MS-DOS prompt. Another alternative is to use the ESPEED
program, described below.
4-4
Enhancing System Operations
To enter these commands, hold down the Ctrl key and the
Alt key and press the +, -, or * key located cm the numeric keypad.
The speed setting remains in effect until you press the RESET
button or turn off the computer, or until you change it again
using the Setup program, another keyboard command, or the
ESPEED program, described below.
Using the ESPEED Program
The ESPEED program allows you to change the processor speed
to high or low, or set the speed to change automatically. This
method is convenient if your application program does not
recognize the Ctrl keyboard commands or if you want to include
the program command in a batch file.
The ESPEED program is provided with your system on the
Reference diskette. If you do not have a hard disk, insert your
Reference diskette in drive A and log onto drive A before you
enter the command to start the program.
If you have a hard disk drive, copy the file ESPEED.EXE from
your Reference diskette onto your hard disk-if you have not
already done so-and run the program from there. (See
Chapter 3 for more information.)
To run the ESPEED program, type the following at the
MS-DOS command prompt: and press Enter:
ESPEED
You see the following message:
Usage: ESPEED
/High
/Low
/Auto
[/H][/L][/Al
set High speed (no auto)
set Low speed (no auto)
set Auto speed
Enhancing System Operations
4-5
The message tells you the switches you should use to set the
speed to high, low, or automatic speed. At the MS-DOS prompt,
type the ESPEED command again and include the appropriate
switch, such as the following:
ESPEED /A
This command sets the processor speed to change to low speed
automatically when the computer accesses a diskette.
If you include the switch when you type the initial ESPEED
command, the program changes the speed without: displaying
the command options.
The processor speed you set remains in effect until you press the
RESET button or turn off the computer, or until you change it
using the Setup program, a keyboard command, or the ESPEED
program again.
Entering the ESPEED command in a batch file
You may want to run the ESPEED program by including the
command in a batch file. For example, if you have a program
called SAMPLE which requires an 8 MHz processor speed when
the program is running on a diskette, you could include the
following commands in a batch file to start the SAMPLE
program:
ESPEED /A
SAMPLE
You could name the batch file SAMP.BAT. Whenever you
need to run the SAMPLE program, insert the program diskette
into drive A. Then type SAMP and press Enter.
The computer changes the processor speed to automatic and
starts the SAMPLE program. When you access the program on
the diskette, the speed changes to low and then returns to high
when you are finished.
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Enhancing System Operations
See your MS-DOS Reference Manual for instructions on
creating and using batch files.
Reassigning the Diskette Drives
If your system has two diskette drives, they are connected inside
your computer so that the top drive is A and the bottom drive is
B. Because drive A is the “boot” drive, whenever you want to
load the operating system or a bootable program from a diskette,
you must insert the diskette into drive A.
If both of your drives are the same type–5¼-inch, 1.2MB
capacity, for example-you never need to reassign the drives. If
your two drives are different types, however, you may need to
change the drive letter assignments so you can boot the
computer from drive B. For example, you may have a 3½-inch
program disk which you need to use to boot the computer. Or
you may have an application program that requires you to leave
the 3½-inch key disk in drive A while you run the program.
For these situations, you can reverse the drive assignments to
make the top drive B and the bottom drive A. There are two
ways to do this:
❏ Insert the diskette in the drive you want to boot from and
turn on the computer. The drive automatically becomes
drive A.
❏ Run the AFDD program to reassign the drive. See “Using
the AFDD Program,” below, for instructions.
Your assignments remain in effect until you press the RESET
button or turn off the computer, or until you reassign the drives
to their original assignments. The reassignment remains in effect
if you reset the computer from your hard disk by entering the
Ctrl Alt Del command.
Enhancing System Operations
4-7
Using the AFDD Program
The AFDD program reverses the current diskette drive
assignments and resets the system. When you are done using the
reversed drive assignments, you can use the AFDD program
again to reassign the drives to their original configuration.
The AFDD program is provided with your system on the
Reference diskette. If you do not have a hard disk, insert your
Reference diskette in drive A and log onto drive A before you
enter the command to start the program.
If you have a hard disk drive, copy the file AFDD.EXE from your
Reference diskette onto your hard disk (if you have not already
done so); then you can run the program from there. See
Chapter 3 for more information.
To run the AFDD program, type the following at the MS-DOS
command prompt and press Enter:
AFDD
You see a message such as the following:
New Assign
Drive A:
Drive B:
1.44MB
1.2MB
Present
<=
<=
1.2MB
1.44MB
(S)et and Reboot, Any other key to
abort ?
If you inserted the Reference diskette to run the AFDD program,
remove it now.
If you want to change the drive assignments, press S. The system
reboots and loads MS-DOS, and the new drive assignments take
effect. If you do not want to change the drive assignments, press
any other key.
4-8
Enhancing System Operations
If you are running the AFDD program from a hard disk, you can
reassign the drives and reset the computer automatically. Type
the following command and press Enter:
AFDD /S
The / S switch tells the AFDD program to reset the computer,
load MS-DOS, and change the diskette drive assignments
without displaying the message.
Note
You may want to run the AFDD program by including the
command in a batch file. See your MS-DOS Reference
Manual for instructions on creating and using batch files.
Using Your Computer as a Network Server
If your computer is set up in a network, you may want to use
your system as the network server. A network server is the
master computer in a network and provides storage space for the
other computers connected to it. The network server can write
files to and read files from the other computers, making it the
most powerful computer in a network.
Even if no one is typing commands at the network server
keyboard, the server can process commands sent to it from other
computers. When your computer is operating in this special
situation, you may want to prevent unauthorized users from
entering commands at the network server keyboard. To provide
this security, you can enable a power-on password in network
server mode.
Enhancing System Operations
4-9
When you enable a power-on password but do not use network
server mode, you enter the password before the computer loads
MS-DOS. Once you load MS-DOS, anyone can access your
system by typing commands on the keyboard. However, if you
enable a power-on password and turn on network server mode,
you can load MS-DOS before you enter the password. This
allows other computers in the network to access the system, but
prevents unauthorized users from entering commands at your
keyboard and using any network server access privileges.
When you boot the computer in network server mode, you do
not see the key prompt
) to tell you when to enter the
password (as you would if network server mode was turned off).
The password prompt is hidden to prevent unauthorized users
from knowing that a password is required.
You do not have to set a password or enable network server
mode to use your computer as a network server, but it prevents
unauthorized access to your computer when it is operating in
this special situation.
See “Setting the Power-on Password” in Chapter 2 for
instructions on how to set a power-on password and enable
network server mode.
Note
If your hard disk drive has a partition larger than 32MB, you
must use the MS-DOS SHARE command to install file
sharing and locking protection in a network environment.
See your MS-DOS Reference Manual for more information
about SHARE.
If you do not install SHARE, the following message flashes on
your screen after you install your networking software and
reboot your computer:
WARNING! SHARE should be loaded for
large media
4-10
Enhancing System Operations
Using a Password in Network Server Mode
When you turn on or reset the computer, it loads MS-DOS and
you see either the MS-DOS command prompt or the first screen
displayed by your networking software. You do not see the key
prompt (
) even though the computer is now waiting for you
to enter the correct password.
Follow these steps to enter your password:
1. Turn on or reset your computer.
2. Type your password and press Enter. The screen does not
display what you type.
Now you should be able to use your computer as desired. Press a
key such as Enter to see if the keyboard accepts your command.
If you entered an incorrect password, the computer does not
respond. Type the correct password, press Enter, and try using
the computer again.
Note
You cannot change or delete a power-on password and remain
in network server mode. You must run Setup on the
Reference diskette to turn off network server mode first. See
Chapter 2 for instructions. Then you can change or delete the
password by following the instructions in Chapter 3.
If you forget the power-on password, see “Password Problems”
in Appendix D.
Enhancing System Operations
4-11
Using Expanded Memory Beyond 64OKB
The Equity 386/25 PLUS comes with 2MB of random access
memory. MS-DOS and your application programs that run
under MS-DOS use the first 640KB of memory. You can use the
unused memory above 640KB as extended memory, or you can
use it as expanded memory, as described below.
Expanded memory can be used by application programs (such as
Lotus® l-2-3®) that support the Lotus/Intel/Microsoft Expanded
Memory Specification (LIM 4.0 EMS). To take advantage of
expanded memory, you need to use a memory manager to
convert the computer’s extended memory to expanded memory.
If you selected a memory management software package when
you bought your Equity 386/25 PLUS, you can use the memory
manager with either version of MS-DOS. Just follow the
instructions included with the package.
If you are using version 4.01 of MS-DOS and you did not get
a memory manager, you can use the MS-DOS program
EMM386.SYS to convert your extended memory to expanded
memory. See your MS-DOS Reference Manual for instructions
on using EMM386.SYS.
If you are using version 3.3 of MS-DOS and you did not get a
memory manager with your system, ask your authorized Epson
dealer which expanded memory manager program you should
use.
4-12
Enhancing System Operations
Using Special VGA Features
Your built-in VGA (video graphics array) display adapter
supports both standard VGA monitors and multi-frequency
monitors with analog connectors in non-interlaced mode. The
VGA adapter allows these monitors to operate in all standard
VGA modes without requiring any special device drivers.
However, if you want to use extended or super-extended VGA
modes, you can install one or more of the device drivers
provided on the Utility diskettes that came with your system.
These drivers allow you to use all of the capabilities of your
monitor and your built-in VGA display adapter.
The device drivers provide VGA features such as these:
❏ Resolutions of 800 x 600 or 1024 x 768 in graphics modes
with 16 colors
❏ Resolutions up to 640 x 480 in graphics modes with 256
colors
❏
132-column text mode in 16 colors
❏ Graphics cursor movement performed by the built-in VGA
hardware.
Note
To use graphic display drivers in 800 x 600 or 1024 x 768
resolutions, you must have a multi-frequency monitor capable
of displaying these resolutions. Standard VGA monitors are
not able to display them.
Enhancing System Operations
4-13
The Utility diskettes that came with your system contain device
drivers for various application programs that require them. The
diskettes also provide the following special utilities:
VGAMODE
The VGAMODE utility provides
132-column text in text-based programs
such as WordStar@ and WordPerfect?
SETVGA
The SETVGA utility sets the built-in
VGA adapter to emulate the operation of
a variety of graphics adapters.
MODETEST
The MODETEST utility tests all of the
video modes available on your monitor
and displays the results on the screen.
WS33INST
The WS33INST utility patches (modifies)
the WordStar, version 3.3, program file so
you can use 132-column text mode.
SNOOZE
The SNOOZE utility automatically turns
off your VGA display when you have not
used your computer for a specified period
of time.
See Appendix A for more information about the VGA device
drivers and the utilities,
4-14
Enhancing System Operations
Chapter 5
Installing and Removing Options
You can enhance the performance of your computer by adding a
variety of options, including the following:
❏ Option cards
❏ Memory modules
❏ A math coprocessor.
An option card is a circuit board you install in your computer to
add a particular function. Most option cards contain a device,
such as a modem, or provide an interface, such as a connector to
which you connect a monitor. This chapter describes how to
install option cards and configure your computer for use with
them.
Memory modules--also called SIMMs (single inline memory
modules)-allow you to increase the amount of memory in your
computer. This chapter describes the types and amounts of
SIMMs you can use in your computer. If you want to install
memory modules, it is best to ask your dealer to do it for you.
You can, however, follow the instructions in this chapter to
install them yourself.
Note
It is best not to add memory to your computer by installing an
optional memory card. Any memory card you could install
would be 16-bit and would cause your 32-bit computer to
work slower. Using memory modules is more efficient since
you do not need to use one of your options slots to add
memory. Your computer can also access memory installed on
memory modules faster than memory installed on a card.
Installing and Removing Options
5-1
A math coprocessor speeds up the numeric calculations your
computer performs when using certain application software. If
you purchase a math coprocessor, it is a good idea to ask your
dealer to install it for you, because it can be damaged easily. If
you decide to install it yourself, follow the steps in this chapter.
This chapter also explains how to change the jumper settings
inside the computer. You need to change jumper settings if you
add memory modules, install certain types of option cards, or
want to change the way your computer operates.
Before you can change jumper settings or install any of the
options mentioned above, you need to remove the cover from
the computer. Be sure to heed all the warnings in this chapter so
you do not injure yourself or damage the computer.
Removing the Cover
To install optional equipment or change jumper settings, you
need to remove the cover from your computer. Follow these
steps:
1. Turn off the computer and then any peripherals (including
the monitor and printer).
2.
Disconnect the computer’s power cable from the electrical
outlet and from the back panel. Then disconnect any
peripheral cables that are connected to the computer,
including the keyboard cable.
3. If the monitor is on top of the computer, lift it off and set it
to one side.
5-2
Installing and Removing Options
4. Turn the computer around so you are facing the back panel.
As shown below, the cover is secured by a large screw on the
back panel. Turn the screw counterclockwise to unlock the
cover.
screw
5. The cover is also secured by two latches on the back of the
cover near the comers. Press both latches inward and then
lift up the cover from the back panel. You might meet some
resistance from the grounding tabs along the inside of the
cover.
latches
Installing and Removing Options
5-3
6.
5-4
Pull the cover away from the front of the computer to
completely remove it. Then set it aside.
Installing and Removing Options
7. Before you touch any of the components inside, touch the
inside of the computer’s back panel, as shown below, to
ground yourself and avoid an electric shock.
WARNING
Be sure to ground yourself to the inside back panel of the
computer every time you remove the cover. If you are not
properly grounded, you could generate an electric shock when
you touch a component.
Installing and Removing Options
5-5
Changing the Jumper Settings
If you change your computer’s configuration or need to alter the
way it operates, you may need to change a jumper setting inside
the computer.
A jumper is a small electrical connector that controls one of the
computer’s functions. The jumper settings in your computer are
preset at the factory; however, you can control certain features
by changing the standard settings as follows:
❏ Enable or disable the built-in mouse connector
❏ Enable or disable a mouse installed on an option card
❏ Set your monitor type to monochrome or color
❏ Change the amount of your base memory
❏ Enable or disable the power-on password function
❏ Enable or disable the built-in VGA display adapter
❏ Change the operation of the input \output ready signal.
If you add more memory to your computer by installing memory
modules, you must set a group of jumpers to indicate the amount
of memory you now have.
If you need to change any jumper settings, follow the
instructions below.
5-6
Installing and Removing Options
Setting the Jumpers
Turn the computer so the back panel faces left and the front
panel faces right. The illustration below shows the locations of
the jumpers.
A jumper’s setting is determined by where the jumper is placed
on the pins. The jumper either connects pin A and the middle
pin (position A) or connects pin B and the middle pin (position
B), as shown below.
position A
position B
Installing and Removing Options
5-7
To move a jumper from one position to the other, use needlenose pliers or tweezers to pull it off its pins and gently move it to
the desired position. Be careful not to lose the jumper.
Caution
Be careful not to bend the jumper pins or damage any
surrounding components on the main system board.
The following tables list the jumper settings and their functions.
Miscellaneous jumper settings
Jumper
number
Jumper
setting
Function
JP1
A
B*
Enables the early input/output ready signal
Sets a normal input/output ready signal
JP10
A
B
Enables the built-in mouse connector
Disables the built-in mouse connector so you
can use a mouse or other pointing device
connected to a port on an option card in your
computer
JP11
A
B*
Enables a mouse connector on an option
card installed in your computer
Disables a mouse connector on an option
card so you can use the built-in connector in
your computer
JP12
A*
B
Color monitor is installed
Monochrome monitor is installed
JP13
A
B*
Disables the power-on password
Enables the power-on password
JP14
A*
B
Enables the built-in VGA display adapter
Disables the built-in VGA display adapter so
you can use a display adapter on an option
card in your computer as your primary
adapter
* Factory settings
Note: Jumper JP9 is not used
5-8
Installing and Removing Options
Jumper settings for base memory
512KB
A
B
256KB
B
B
* Factory settings
Jumper settings for extended memory
* Factory settings
(a) Configured using 256KB SlMMs in all banks
(b) Configured using four 1MB SlMMs in Bank 0
(c) Configured using eight 256KB SlMMs in banks 0 and 1 and
eight 1MB SlMMs in banks 2 and 3
(d) Configured using eight 1MB SlMMs in banks 0 and 1 and eight
256KB SlMMs in banks 2 and 3
Installing and Removing Options
5-9
If you need to change any jumper settings, follow these steps:
1. Remove any option cards that may be blocking your access
to the jumpers. See page 5-15 for instructions.
2. Change the jumper settings as necessary.
3. Replace any option cards you removed. See “Installing an
Option Card,” below.
4. Follow the instructions on page 5-30 to replace the
computer’s cover.
Installing an Option Card
Your computer has four standard option slots: three 16-bit slots
and one B-bit access slot. Each slot can accommodate an option
card. You can buy option cards from authorized Epson dealers as
well as other vendors.
This section explains how to install option cards in your
computer. Later on, you may need to remove an option card to
access jumpers, memory modules, or a math coprocessor. If so,
see “Removing an Option Card” on page 5-15 for instructions.
Note
After you install or remove an option card, see “Postinstallation Setup” at the end of this chapter to configure
your computer to operate with or without the option card.
5-10
Installing and Removing Options
The illustration below shows the four standard option slots
inside your computer.
option card slots
Slot 1 is designed for an B-bit option card and slots 2 through 4
are designed for 16-bit cards. As you can see below, a 16-bit card
has an extra connector along the bottom.
16-bit option card
8-bit option card
Installing and Removing Options
5-11
Usually it does not matter which slot an option card occupies as
long as the card fits in the slot. For example, you can place some
B-bit cards in a 16-bit slot. However, you must follow these
guidelines when deciding which slot to use:
❏ An 8-bit card with an additional tab along the bottom must
go into an 8-bit slot.
❏ If you install a disk drive that uses a controller card, place
the card as close as possible to the drive it is controlling.
❏ Some option cards must be installed in a specific slot.
Consult the instructions that come with the card to see if
this is the case.
Follow these steps to install an option card:
o
If you have not already done so, remove the cover from the
computer. (See page 5-2 for instructions.)
WARNING
After you remove the cover, touch the inside back panel
of the computer to ground yourself and avoid an electric
shock.
2. If you are installing an option card that controls a mouse,
you need to change the settings of jumpers JP10 and JP11
before you install the card. If you install a display adapter
card, you may need to change the settings of jumpers JP12
and JP14. If this is the case, see page 5-6 for instructions.
5-12
Installing and Removing Options
3. Remove the retaining screw from the top of the metal
option slot cover: hold on to the screw as you remove it so it
doesn’t fall into the computer. Lift out the slot cover.
Keep the screw to secure the option card to the computer.
Store the slot cover in a safe place in case you remove the
option card later.
4. Unpack the option card and adjust any switches or jumpers
on it, if necessary. (Check the option card instructions.)
When you handle the card, be careful not to touch any of
the components on the circuit board, especially the goldedged connector pins. If you need to set it down before you
install it, place it gently on top of its original packing
material with the component side facing up. Keep the
packing materials in case you remove the card later.
Installing and Removing Options
5-13
5. Grip the card firmly by the top comers and position it at the
top of the slot, as shown below. Make sure the connector
pins point down and the component side faces the power
supply inside the computer.
power Supply
6. Insert the card into the slot, guiding it straight down. Once
the connector pins reach the connector slot, push the card
downward firmly (but carefully) to insert it fully. You should
feel the card fit into place.
If the card does not go in smoothly, do not force it; pull it all
the way out and try again, keeping it straight as you insert it.
Examine the card to verify that it is fully seated in the slot
along the length of the connector.
5-14
Installing and Removing Options
7. Secure the end of the card to the back of the computer with
the retaining screw.
8. Follow the instructions at the end of this chapter to replace
the cover. Then see “Post-installation Setup” following that
section.
Removing an Option Card
If you need to remove an option card, follow these steps:
1. First, remove the cover from the computer. See page 5-2 for
instructions.
2. Remove the screw securing the card to the back of the
computer and pull it straight up and out of the slot. Either
set the card aside by placing it gently on a soft surface with
the component side facing up or carefully wrap the card,
preferably with the original packing materials, and place it
inside its box for safe storage.
3. Cover the end of the empty option slot with the original
metal cover and secure it with the retaining screw.
Installing and Removing Options
5-15
4. If you are removing an option card that controls a mouse,
you need to change the settings of jumpers JP10 and JP11 on
the main system board. If you are removing a display adapter
card you may need to change the settings of jumpers JP12
and JP14. See page 5-6 for instructions.
5. Replace the cover. See page 5-30 for instructions.
Adding Memory Modules
Your computer comes with 2MB of memory. By installing
SIMMs (single inline memory modules) on the main system
board, you can increase the amount of memory in your computer
up to 16MB.
Caution
It is best to have your dealer install memory modules for you
because they can be damaged easily if installed incorrectly.
If you prefer, you can install your own SIMMs by carefully
following the instructions in this section. However, you could
transmit an electrostatic discharge and damage your
components; so read this entire section before you begin.
Before you install SIMMs, check the following guidelines to
ensure that they will work properly:
❏ Use SIMMs that operate at 70ns (nanosecond) access speed.
Be sure all the SIMMs have the same access speed.
❏ Use the correct SIMM configuration to add the amount of
memory you want. See the table on the next page.
Once you have the SIMMs you need, you or your dealer can
install them in your computer. If you are going to install them
yourself, follow the instructions below.
5-16
Installing and Removing Options
Installing Memory Modules
There are 16 SIMM sockets on the main system board organized
in four banks consisting of four sockets each. Each socket can
contain one memory module.
You must fill the sockets in any bank you use. Since each bank
has four sockets, you must install four SIMMs to fill up the bank.
The following table shows all the possible SIMM configurations
for the Equity 386/25 PLUS. Do not install SIMMs in any other
configuration. Keep in mind that eight 256KB SIMMs (2MB)
are already installed in banks 0 and 1.
SIMM configurations for the Equity 386/25 PLUS
Installing and Removing Options
5-17
Once you have determined where to add the memory modules,
follow these steps to install them:
1. Remove the computer’s cover. See page 5-2 for instructions.
2. Turn the computer so that the back panel faces left and the
front panel faces right. The SIMM sockets are located on
the main system board just above the option slots, as shown
below.
5-18
Installing and Removing Options
The sockets are labelled vertically as shown below.
3. If an option card is blocking access to the SIMM sockets,
follow the steps on page 5-15 to remove the card(s).
Installing and Removing Options
5-19
4. Hold the SIMM so the component side is facing to the left
and the metal connector pins are facing down.
5. To insert the SIMM in the socket, place it on the right side
of the tabs at an angle, as shown below.
5-20
Installing and Removing Options
6. Gently push down on the SIMM and, at the same time, turn
the top of the SIMM to the left until it is vertical and snaps
into place between the tabs and the retaining posts.
If the SIMM does not go in smoothly, do not force it; pull it
all the way out and try again.
Make sure the SIMM is fully inserted into the socket and
that the pins on the retaining posts protrude through the
holes in both ends.
7. Repeat steps 5 and 6 for each SIMM you want to install.
8. Set the appropriate jumpers to indicate the amount of
memory you have on SIMMs. See “Changing the Jumper
Settings” on page 5-6 for instructions.
9. Replace any option card(s) you may have removed to access
the SIMM sockets. See “Installing an Option Card” on page
5-10 for instructions.
Installing and Removing Options
5-21
10. Follow the steps on page 5-30 to replace the computer’s
cover. Then see “Post-installation Setup” (following that
section) for instructions on configuring your computer for
use with your new memory.
Removing Memory Modules
If you need to remove memory modules from your computer,
have your dealer do it for you or follow the steps below. If you
remove them yourself, check the table on page 5-17 to be sure
you remove SIMMs from the correct sockets.
Caution
It is safer to have your dealer remove SIMMs for you since
there is a danger of transmitting an electrostatic discharge
and damaging your components.
1.
Remove the cover. See page 5-2 for instructions.
2. Turn the computer so the back panel faces left and the front
panel faces right. The SIMM sockets are located on the
main system board above the option slots, as shown below.
5-22
Installing and Removing Options
The SIMM sockets are labelled vertically as shown below.
3. If an option card is blocking access to the SIMM sockets,
follow the steps on page 5-15 to remove it.
Installing and Removing Options
5-23
4. Use your fingers or two small screwdrivers to pull away the
tabs that secure the SIMM at each end. Be careful not to
pull the tabs too far, or they may break.
As you pull away the tabs, the SIMM falls to the right at an
angle.
5-24
Installing and Removing Options
When the SIMM is at an angle, release the tabs and
carefully remove it from the socket.
5. Repeat step 4 for each SIMM you need to remove.
6. Set the appropriate jumpers to indicate the amount of
memory you now have on SIMMs. See “Changing the
Jumper Settings” on page 5-6 for instructions.
7. Replace any option card(s) you may have removed to access
the SIMM sockets. See “Installing an Option Card” on page
5-10 for instructions.
8. Follow the steps on page 5-30 to replace the computer’s
cover. Then see “Post-installation Setup” (following that
section) for instructions on configuring your computer for
use with your decreased memory.
Installing a Math Coprocessor
Your computer has a socket on the main system board to
accommodate either an Intel 80387 (25MHz) or a Weitek 3167
(25MHz) math coprocessor. You can install both if you first
install a Weitek dual-coprocessor adapter in the socket.
A math coprocessor speeds up the numeric calculations your
computer performs when using certain application software. It
also increases the speed at which graphic images are displayed
on your monitor when you use graphics-oriented software.
It is best to have your dealer install a math coprocessor for you,
since it is a delicate component that can be damaged easily if it
is installed incorrectly.
Installing and Removing Options
5-25
If you install it yourself, be sure to read the manual that came
with your math coprocessor, if you received one. Then follow
the steps in this section to install it in your computer. However,
be sure to read all of the warnings and instructions carefully so
you do not injure yourself or damage the coprocessor or your
computer.
Caution
To avoid generating static electricity and damaging your
math coprocessor, remain stationary as you install it.
These instructions describe how to install the Intel 80387 math
coprocessor. To install the Weitek 3167 or the dual-coprocessor
adapter, see the documentation that came with your equipment.
Carefully follow these steps to install a math coprocessor:
1. Remove the computer’s cover. See page 5-2 for instructions.
2. Remove the math coprocessor from its package and set it
aside.
3. Turn the computer so the front panel is facing you.
5-26
Installing and Removing Options
The math coprocessor socket is located on the main system
board to the right of the speaker, as shown below.
speaker
I
math coprocessor socket
4. If an option card is blocking access to the math coprocessor
socket, follow the steps on page 5-15 to remove it.
5. The math coprocessor socket is square and has three rows of
pins on each side. The 80387 coprocessor fits into the inner
two rows of pins. (The Weitek coprocessor or adapter fits
into all three rows.) The lower right comer of the socket is
notched, as shown in the next illustration.
Installing and Removing Options
5-27
There is also a notched comer on the math coprocessor, as
shown below.
Align the notched corner of the coprocessor with the
notched corner of its socket. The notched comers must be
aligned for the coprocessor to fit into the socket, so be sure
the alignment is correct before you proceed to the next step.
Caution
If you insert the math coprocessor in the wrong position,
you could permanently damage it.
5-28
Installing and Removing Options
6. Line up the pins on the coprocessor with the inner two rows
of holes in the socket. You should feel the pins drop into the
holes when they are aligned properly.
7. Gently push the coprocessor into the socket, pressing evenly
on all sides of the coprocessor, as shown below.
If the coprocessor does not go in smoothly, do not force it;
pull it all the way out and try again, keeping it straight as
you insert it.
Examine the coprocessor to be sure it is inserted all the way
into the socket.
8. Follow the steps on page 5-30 to replace the computer’s
cover. Then see “Post-installation Setup,” following that
section, for instructions on configuring your computer for
use with your math coprocessor.
Installing and Removing Options
5-29
Removing a Math Coprocessor
If you need to remove a math coprocessor from your computer,
contact your dealer for assistance. You need a special extracting
tool to remove the coprocessor without damaging it. Do not
attempt to remove it without this tool because you can easily
damage it.
After you remove the coprocessor, run the Setup program on
your Reference diskette to configure your system for use without
it. See Chapter 2 for instructions.
Replacing the Cover
After you install (or remove) optional equipment or change the
jumper settings, follow these steps to replace the computer’s
cover:
1. Facing the back of the computer, hold the cover so that the
side with three tabs on the edge faces away from you, as
shown below.
5-30
Installing and Removing Options
2. Insert the three tabs into the three notches in the back of
the front panel of the computer.
3. Lower the back of the cover onto the computer and press
down firmly on all edges of the cover to form a tight seal.
4. Turn the large screw on the back panel clockwise to secure
the cover to the computer.
Installing and Removing Options
5-31
5. Reconnect the computer to the monitor, printer, keyboard,
and any other peripherals you have.
6. Reconnect the power cable to the back of the computer and
to an electrical outlet.
Post-installation Setup
After you install or remove a math coprocessor or memory
modules, you need to run the Setup program on your Reference
diskette so it can automatically update the computer’s
configuration information. If you install or remove any other
type of option, such as an option card or a disk drive, you must
run Setup to update your settings. For example, if you add a hard
disk drive, you need to let the computer know the type of drive
you have installed. See Chapter 2 for instructions.
Note
If you installed additional extended memory and want to use
any of it as expanded memory, see “Using Expanded Memory
Beyond 64OKB” in Chapter 4 for more information.
If you install a hard disk drive that has never received a
hardware level format (such as some non-Epson hard disk
drives), you need to format the disk. Check the manual that
came with your drive, and then, if necessary, follow the
instructions in Appendix C to format your new hard disk.
If you have added a hard disk drive and you want to load
MS-DOS or another operating system from that drive, you need
to install the operating system on it. See your MS-DOS
Installation Guide or the documentation that came with your
operating system for instructions.
If you install a memory option card, use the setup program that
came with it to configure the computer for use with the card.
See your memory card manual for instructions.
5-32
Installing and Removing Options
Additionally, you may need to add some commands in your
configuration files. See your MS-DOS Reference Manual and
the manual that comes with your option card for instructions.
You may also want to test a newly-installed option. Some
options come with their own diagnostics test programs, and you
can test others with the diagnostics programs on your Reference
diskette. You can use the System diagnostics program on your
Reference diskette to test the following:
❏ System memory
❏ Math coprocessor
❏ Serial and parallel ports
❏ Disk drives
❏ Monitors and display adapters
❏ Dot-matrix printers.
See Appendix E for instructions.
Installing and Removing Options
5-33
5-34
lnstalling and Removing Options
Appendix A
Using the VGA Utilities
Your computer has a Video Graphics Array (VGA) adapter built
into the main system board which is 100% compatible with IBM
VGA. This adapter allows you to use the computer with Epson
VGA monitors, other brands of VGA monitors, and VGA
compatible, multi-frequency monitors that use analog input (in
non-interlaced mode only). The internal VGA is supported by
the Chips and Technologies® SuperVGA 82C452 controller.
In addition to its VGA support, the controller offers a large set
of extended functions and higher resolutions, which you can use
if you have a multi-frequency monitor capable of displaying
these resolutions. The built-in adapter’s capabilities include:
❏ High-speed video memory interface
❏
16-bit datapath to video memory and hardware registers
❏ Resolutions of 800 x 600 or 1024 x 768 in graphics modes
with 16 colors
❏ Resolutions up to 640
colors
❏
x
480 in graphics modes with 256
132-column text mode in 16 colors
❏ Graphics cursor movements performed by the video adapter
controller.
The Epson standard VGA monitor uses VGA modes in
resolutions up to 640 x 480 and does not need any software
drivers to operate properly. You need to install software drivers
only if you want to use extended VGA modes (in resolutions up
to 800 x 600) or super-extended VGA modes (in resolutions up
to 1024 x 768) on a multi-frequency monitor.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-1
Note
These utilities are intended for use only with the computer’s
built-in VGA adapter. If you have installed a video card in
one of the computer’s option slots, use the documentation
and software that came with it. For further information on
using the computer with a video card, see “Using a Display
Adapter Card” in Chapter 1.
This appendix describes the installation and operation of the
software drivers and utility programs on the Utility diskettes that
came with your computer. If you have a high-resolution, multifrequency monitor, extended graphics support is available for
these applications:
❏ Microsoft Windows/286™
❏ Microsoft Windows/386
❏ Microsoft Windows,™ Version 3.0
❏ Microsoft/IBM OS/2 Presentation Manager™
❏ Microsoft Word
❏ Autodesk®AutoCAD®
❏ Digital Research®GEM®
❏ Ventura Publisher®
❏ Lotus l-2-3 and Lotus Symphony®
❏ Ashton-Tate® Framework® II
❏
WordStar
❏
WordPerfect
❏ VersaCAD™ Design
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Using the VGA Utilities
Note
To use the graphics display drivers in resolutions of 800 x 600
or 1024 x 768, you must have a multi-frequency monitor
capable of displaying these resolutions. Standard VGA
monitors do not have this capability.
Besides the software drivers listed above, the Utility diskettes
also include the following utility programs:
o
VGAMODE
o
SETVGA
o
MODETEST
o
WS33INST
o
SNOOZE.
Note
You may want to use the SETVGA, MODETEST, and
SNOOZE utilities even if you are not installing any of the
VGA device drivers. See page A-57 for more information.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-3
Preparing to Install Drivers or Utilities
Before you install any of the drivers or utilities on the Utility
diskettes, follow these precautions:
❏ Make backup copies of the Utility diskettes using the
DISKCOPY command or the Epson MENU utility. (See
your MS-DOS Reference Manual for instructions.) Store the
original diskettes in a safe place and use your backup copies
to install the software drivers and utilities on your hard disk.
❏ Each of the drivers on your Utility diskettes is designed for a
specific version of software and will not work properly on
other versions of the same software. (The Utility diskettes
contain drivers for several versions of some programs.)
Verify that the software driver you install is the appropriate
driver for the software version you are using.
❏ Read the section in this appendix that describes the driver
installation for the particular application program you are
using. Be sure to follow any special instructions given in
each section. When you are instructed to copy the driver
files to your hard disk, see “Using the VGA Driver Setup
Program,” below.
Using the VGA Driver Setup Program
The VGA driver setup program on your Utility 1 diskette
provides an easy way to install the VGA drivers on your hard
disk. You choose drivers for each application program from the
main menu and select each resolution you want to use from a
submenu. Then Setup copies the necessary driver files to your
hard disk and displays further instructions for configuring each
program.
A-4
Using the VGA Utilities
Follow these steps to use the VGA driver setup program:
1. Insert the Utility 1 diskette in drive A.
2. Type A : and press Enter to log onto drive A.
3. At the A> prompt, type the following and press Enter:
Setup
You see the following:
4. Press any key. You see the main Setup menu. The menu lists
the application programs for which VGA drivers are
available, such as those shown below.
Select any Application Driver to install
Microsoft
Microsoft
Microsoft
Microsoft
Windows/286 Version 2.11
Windows/386 Version 2.11
Windows Version 3.0
Presentation Manager V1.l (16 color)
Utility programs
5. Press or
install.
to highlight the program driver you want to
Be sure to select the appropriate driver for the version of
software you are using. The driver will not work properly
with other versions of the same software.
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A-5
6. Press Enter to select the program. (To exit Setup and return
to MS-DOS, press Esc.) You see a list of the display
resolutions available for the program, such as the following:
7. Press
or to highlight the resolution(s) you want to copy
to your hard disk and press Enter. The word selected
appears beside the resolution. You can copy as many
resolutions as you want; just highlight each one and press
Enter.
8. Once you have selected all of the resolutions you want, press
End to begin copying them.
If you want to cancel your selections and return to the main
menu, press ESC.
Before Setup copies the files, it asks for the pathname on the
hard disk where you want to install the driver files. A
suggested pathname is offered, such as the one shown below.
Enter the [driver:path] for
installation
[C:\WIN386
]
A-6
Using the VGA Utilities
Many of the drivers require a specific pathname to operate
properly. See the instructions given in this appendix for
each application program you want to install before you
enter a pathname.
9. To select the default pathname, press Enter. To change it,
use Backspace to erase the default pathname and type a
new one. Then press Enter.
If the directory you chose already exists on the hard disk,
Setup begins to copy the files. If not, you see a prompt such
as the following:
Create path [C:\WIN386] (Y/N) ?
10. If you want Setup to create the directory for you, press Y. To
exit to the main menu, press N. If the driver files are not on
the Utility diskette currently in drive A, Setup displays a
message such as the following:
Insert Driver Disk #2
Press any key when it is ready
11. Insert the appropriate Utility diskette and press any key.
Setup begins copying all the driver files for the resolution(s)
you selected. You see the name of each file flash on screen as
it is copied.
If any of the files already exist in the directory, you see a
message such as the following:
C:\WIN386\WIN3K480.3EX already
exists !
Overwrite this file ? (Y/N)
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A-7
12. To continue copying the file (and overwrite the existing one
with that name), press Y. Setup copies the new file to the
hard disk and proceeds to the next file, if there is one.
To keep the original version of the file, press N. The new
file is not copied and Setup proceeds to the next file.
13. When all of the files are copied, you see a message giving
further instructions and referring you to your User’s Guide
for more details. You can either hold down the Shift key and
press the Print Screen key to print the screen text or write
down the instructions. Then press any key to continue. You
see the main menu.
14. At the main menu, you can return to step 5 to select
another driver or press ESC to exit the setup program.
See the instructions in this appendix that apply to the application
program driver(s) you installed for further instructions.
Microsoft Windows/286, Versions 2.03, 2.10,
and 2.11
You can use the Windows/286 drivers with the Windows/286
program itself or with any of the run-time modules of Windows
available with Microsoft Excel, Aldus PageMaker? and Adobe
Illustrator? among other programs. The Windows/286 drivers
support the following resolutions:
❏ 640 x 480, 16-color graphics
❏ 800 x 600, 16-color graphics
❏ 1024 x 768, 16-color graphics
❏ 640 x 400,256-color graphics
❏ 640 x 480,256-color graphics.
A-8
Using the VGA Utilities
Installing the Drivers
If you have already installed Windows/286 you must reinstall it
along with the new driver. Follow these steps:
1. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the Windows/286 drivers to your hard disk.
See “Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on page A-4
for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, you can accept the default
pathname or enter a different one.
2. Use the instructions in the Windows/286 documentation
and on your screen to run the Windows/286 setup program.
3. The program displays a list that includes the display adapter,
keyboard type, and mouse that it has detected in your
computer. Press 1 to highlight VGA and press Enter.
4. The program shows a list of display adapters. Press 1 to
highlight Other and press Enter.
5. Then Setup asks you for the name of the drive and directory
containing the Windows/286 display drivers. Type the
pathname you selected when you ran the VGA Driver Setup
program and press Enter.
6. The setup program asks you to choose a display driver
resolution. Select the driver you want to use and press
Enter. (Be sure that you copied a driver for that resolution
to your hard disk.)
7. Follow the rest of the instructions on the screen and in the
Windows/286 documentation to complete the installation
procedure.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-9
Microsoft Windows/386, Versions 2.03, 2.10,
and 2.11
The following resolutions are available for Windows/386:
❏ 640 x 480, 16-color graphics
❏ 800 x 600,16-color graphics
❏
1024 x 768, 16-color graphics
❏ 640 x 400,256-color graphics
❏ 640 x 480, 256-color graphics.
Installing the Drivers
If you have already installed Windows/386, you must reinstall it
along with the new driver. Follow these steps:
1. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the Windows/386 drivers to your hard disk.
See “Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on page A-4
for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, you can accept the default
pathname or enter a different one.
2. Use the instructions in the Windows/386 documentation
and on your screen to run the Windows/386 setup program.
3. When the Windows/386 setup program asks you to select
the computer you are using, choose the following:
COMPAQ 80386-Based Personal
Computers and Compatibles
A-10
Using the VGA Utilities
4. Then the program displays a list that includes the display
adapter, keyboard type, and mouse that it has detected in
your computer. Press 1 to highlight VGA and press Enter.
5. The program shows a list of display adapters. Press 1 to
highlight Other and press Enter.
6. Then Setup asks you for the name of the drive and directory
containing the Windows/386 display drivers. Type the
pathname you selected when you ran the VGA Driver Setup
program and press Enter.
7. The setup program asks you to choose a display driver
resolution. Select the driver you want to use and press
Enter. (Be sure that you copied a driver for that resolution
to your hard disk.)
8. Follow the rest of the instructions on the screen and in the
Windows/386 documentation to complete the installation.
Microsoft Windows, Version 3.0
The following resolutions are available for Windows 3.0:
❏ 640 x 480,16color graphics (W3L48O.DRV)
❏ 800 x 600, 16-color graphics (W3L600.DRV)
❏
1024 x 768, 16-color graphics (W3L768.DRV)
❏ 640 x 400,256-color graphics (W3P400.DRV)
❏ 640 x 480, 256-color graphics (W3P48O.DRV).
Using the VGA Utilities
A-11
Installing the Drivers
Follow these steps to install the Windows 3.0 drivers:
1. If you have not yet installed Windows 3.0, install the
program on your hard disk. Follow the instructions in your
Windows 3.0 documentation.
2. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the Windows 3.0 drivers to your hard disk.
See “Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on page A-4
for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, erase the default name and enter the
name of the directory containing your Windows 3.0 driver
files (probably C: \ WINDOWS \ SYSTEM).
3. Log onto your Windows 3.0 driver directory.
4. Copy the driver file you just installed and name the new file
VGA.DRV to overwrite the old VGA.DRV file. The names
of the driver files are listed at the beginning of this section.
For example, if you want to use the 1024 x 768, 16-color
driver, type the following and press Enter:
COPY W3L768.DRV VGA.DRV
5. Now log onto your main Windows 3.0 directory.
6. Type SETUP and press Enter to run the Windows 3.0
setup program. (Use the instructions in the Windows 3.0
documentation and on your screen to run the program.)
7. The System Information screen shows the system
configuration it has detected in your computer. Select
Display and press Enter.
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Using the VGA Utilities
8. You see a list of available drivers. Select the Chips display
driver in the resolution you want to use and press Enter.
9. You see the System Information display again. Press Enter.
10. Setup asks for the pathname to the directory containing
your Windows 3.0 driver files. Type the pathname and press
Enter.
11. Follow the rest of the instructions on the screen and in the
Windows 3.0 documentation to complete the installation.
Microsoft/IBM OS/2 Presentation Manager,
Versions 1.1 and 1.2
The following resolutions are available for Presentation
Manager:
Version 1.1:
❏ 640 x 480,16color graphics (VGA480.DLL)
❏ 800 x 600,16color graphics (VGA600.DLL)
❏ 1024 x 768, 16-color graphics (VGA768.DLL)
❏ 640 x 400,256-color graphics (VGA400PP.DLL)
❏ 640 x 480,256-color graphics (VGA480PP.DLL).
Version 1.2:
❏ 640 x 480,16-color graphics (VGAH480.DLL)
❏ 800 x 600,16-color graphics (VGAH600.DLL)
❏
1024 x 768, 16-color graphics (VGAH768.DLL).
Using the VGA Utilities
A-13
Installing the Drivers
To install the drivers, follow the steps below:
1.
If you have not installed OS/2 1.1, follow the instructions in
your OS/2 manual to install it. Configure OS/2 for a
standard VGA driver.
2. Reset the computer and verify that OS/2 and Presentation
Manager are operating properly.
3. If you are running Presentation Manager, exit from it.
4. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the appropriate Presentation Manager
drivers to your hard disk. See “Using the VGA Driver Setup
Program” on page A-4 for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, enter the following:
5. Remove the Utility diskette from drive A.
6. Type C : \VGA and press Enter to log onto the VGA
directory on your hard disk drive.
7. Type DIR and press Enter to display a list of the driver files
you copied to the VGA directory. If you copied all of the
16-color and 256-color graphics drivers to this directory, you
see all of the files (listed at the beginning of this section in
parentheses beside the resolutions they control).
8. Copy the desired driver file to the VGA directory using the
filename VGA.DLL. For example, to copy the 1024 x 768,
16-color graphics driver, type the following and press Enter:
COPY VGA768.DLL VGA.DLL
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Using the VGA Utilities
9. Now copy the same driver file again and name this copy
DISPLAY.DLL, as in the following example:
COPY VGA768.DLL DISPLAY.DLL
10. Log onto the root directory. (Type CD\ and press Enter.)
11. Type the following and press Enter:
COPY CONFIG.SYS+CON CONFIG.SYS
12. Type the following and press Enter:
LIBPATH=C:\VGA
13. Press F6 and then Enter.
14. Hold down Ctrl and Alt and press Del to reset the computer.
Microsoft Word, Version 5.0
The following resolutions are available for Word 5.0:
❏ 800 x 600,16-color graphics (VGA600.VID)
❏
1024 x 768, 16-color graphics (VGA 768.VID).
Installing the Drivers
If you have not already installed Microsoft Word 5.0 on your
computer, follow the steps in your Word documentation to
install it. Then follow these instructions to install the drivers:
1. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the Word 5.0 drivers to your hard disk. See
“Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on page A-4 for
instructions.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-15
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, erase the default name and enter the
directory containing your Word 5.0 program files.
2. Log onto your Word 5.0 directory.
3. Identify the name of the driver file for the resolution you
want to use in the list at the beginning of this section.
Rename that driver file to the name SCREEN.VID. For
example, if you want to use the 1024 x 768,16-color
graphics driver, type the following and press Enter:
REN VGA768.VID SCREEN.VID
Autodesk AutoCAD, Version 2.62
The AutoCAD drivers conform to the Autodesk Device
Interface (ADI) for rendering and display drivers. Epson
provides the following resolutions for AutoCAD 2.62:
❏ 640 x 480, 16-color graphics (D2V1480.EXE)
❏ 800 x 600, 16-color graphics (D2V1600.EXE)
❏ 1024 x 768, 16-color graphics (D2V1768.EXE).
Installing the Drivers
Use the instructions in your AutoCAD documentation to install
the program on your hard disk. To install the drivers, follow the
steps below:
1. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the AutoCAD 2.62 drivers to your hard
disk. See “Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on page
A-4 for instructions.
A-16
Using the VGA Utilities
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, erase the default name and enter the
directory containing your AutoCAD 2.62 program files.
2. Before running AutoCAD, you must load the display driver
into the computer’s memory. First, log onto your AutoCAD
directory. Then type the display driver filename at the MSDOS command prompt and press Enter. (The display driver
filenames are listed at the beginning of this section.) For
example, to load the 1024 x 768, 16-color graphics driver
into memory, type the following and press Enter:
D2V1768
Installing the driver in the AUTOEXEC.BAT file
You can install the driver automatically each time you turn on
or reset your computer by placing the command in your
AUTOEXECBAT file. Follow these steps:
1. Type C : \ and press Enter to log onto the root directory of
your hard disk.
2. Type the following and press Enter:
COPY AUTOEXEC.BAT+CON AUTOEXEC.BAT
3. Type the driver name (such as D2V17 68) and press Enter.
4. Press F6 and then Enter.
Configuring AutoCAD
The first time you use AutoCAD with the driver, you need to
configure it for an ADI display. Follow the steps below:
1. Select Configure AutoCAD from the AutoCAD
main menu.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-17
2. When the program displays the current configuration (if
any), select Configure video display.
3. Select ADI as your new driver. (The menu indicates that
this is installed at interrupt 7A hex.)
4. Save the new configuration and return to the main menu.
Autodesk AutoCAD, Version 9.00
The AutoCAD drivers conform to the Autodesk Device
Interface (ADI) for rendering and display drivers. Epson
provides the following resolutions for AutoCAD 9.0:
❏ 640 x 480, 16-color graphics (R3V1480.EXE)
❏ 800 x 600, 16-color graphics (R3V1600.EXE)
❏ 1024 x 768, 16-color graphics (R3V1768.EXE).
Installing the Drivers
Use the instructions in your AutoCAD documentation to install
the program on your hard disk. To install the drivers, follow the
steps below:
1. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the AutoCAD 9.0 drivers to your hard disk.
See “Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on page A-4
for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, erase the default name and enter the
directory containing your AutoCAD 9.0 program files.
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Using the VGA Utilities
2. Before running AutoCAD or AutoShade, you must load the
display driver into the computer’s memory. First, log onto
your AutoCAD directory, if necessary. Then type the
display driver filename at the MS-DOS prompt and press
Enter. (The display driver filenames are listed at the
beginning of this section.)
For example, to load the 1024 x 768, 16-color graphics
driver into memory, type the following and press Enter:
R3V1768
Installing the driver in the AUTOEXEC.BAT file
You can install the driver automatically each time you turn on
or reset your computer by placing the command in your
AUTOEXEC.BAT file. Follow these steps:
1. Type C : \ and press Enter to log onto the root directory of
your hard disk.
2. Type the following and press Enter:
COPY AUTOEXEC.BAT+CON AUTOEXEC.BAT
3. Type the driver name (such as R3V17 68) and press Enter.
4. Press F6 and then Enter.
Configuring AutoCAD
The first time you use AutoCAD with the driver, you need to
configure it for an ADI display. Follow the steps below:
1. Select Configure AutoCAD from the AutoCAD
main menu.
2. When the program displays the current configuration (if
any),select Configure video display.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-19
3. Select ADI as your new driver. (The menu indicates that
this is installed at interrupt 7A hex.)
4. Save the new configuration and return to the main menu.
Configuring AutoShade
If you have AutoShade, the first time you use it with the driver,
you need to configure it for an ADI display. Follow these steps:
1. Delete the file SHADE.CFG from the AutoCAD directory
on your hard disk.
2. Start AutoShade.
3. The program asks for a display and rendering driver. Select
AD I for both drivers and indicate that you have a dual
display system.
4. When you exit from the AutoShade program, it creates a
new SHADE.CFG file.
Autodesk AutoCAD, Version 10.0
The AutoCAD drivers conform to the Autodesk Device
Interface (ADI) for rendering and display drivers. The following
resolutions are available:
❏ 640 x 480, 16-color graphics (R4V1480.EXE)
❏ 800 x 600, 16-color graphics (R4V1600.EXE)
❏ 1024 x 768, 16-color graphics (R4V1768.EXE)
❏ 640 x 400,256-color graphics (R4V2400.EXE)
❏ 640 x 480,256-color graphics (R4V2480.EXE).
A-20
Using the VGA Utilities
Installing the Drivers
Use the instructions in your AutoCAD documentation to install
the program on your hard disk. To install the drivers, follow the
steps below:
1. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the AutoCAD 10.0 drivers to your hard
disk. See “Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on page
A-4 for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, erase the default name and enter the
directory containing your AutoCAD 10.0 program files.
2. Prior to starting an AutoCAD or AutoShade session, you
must load the display driver into the computer’s memory.
First, log onto your AutoCAD directory, if necessary. Then
type the display driver filename at the MS-DOS prompt and
press Enter. (The display driver filenames are listed at the
beginning of this section.)
For example, to load the 1024 x 768, 16-color graphics
driver, type the following and press Enter:
R4V1768
Note
If you are using two monitors with your system, include
the -D option on the command line. For example, to load
the 1024 x 768 driver in a dual-monitor configuration,
type the following and press Enter:
R4V1768 -D
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A-21
Installing the driver in the AUTOEXEC.BAT file
You can install the driver automatically each time you turn on
or reset your computer by placing the command in your
AUTOEXEC.BAT file. Follow these steps:
1. Type C : \ and press Enter to log onto the root directory of
your hard disk.
2. Type the following and press Enter:
COPY AUTOEXEC.BAT+CON AUTOEXEC.BAT
3. Type the name of the driver (such as R4V17 68) and press
Enter.
4. Press F6 and then Enter.
Configuring AutoCAD
The first time you use AutoCAD with the driver, you need to
configure it for an ADI display.
1. Select Configure AutoCAD from the main menu.
2. After you see the current configuration (if any), select
Configure video display.
3. Select ADI display v4.0 as your new driver.(The
menu indicates that this is installed at interrupt 7A hex.)
4. Save the new configuration and return to the main menu.
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Using the VGA Utilities
Configuring AutoShade
If you have AutoShade, the first time you use it with the driver,
you need to configure it for an ADI display. Follow these steps:
1. Delete the file SHADE.CFG from the AutoCAD directory
on your hard disk.
2. Start AutoShade.
3. The program asks for a display and rendering driver. Select
AD I for both drivers and indicate that you have a dual
display system.
4. When you exit from the AutoShade program, it creates a
new SHADE.CFG file.
Autodesk AutoCAD 386, Version 10.0
The AutoCAD 386 drivers conform to the Autodesk Device
Interface (ADI) for rendering and display drivers. The following
resolutions are available:
❏ 800 x 600, 16-color graphics (VGA600.EXP)
❏
1024 x 768, 16-color graphics (VGA768.EXP).
Installing the Drivers
If you have not already installed AutoCAD 386, follow the
instructions in your AutoCAD documentation to install it.
Then follow these steps to install the drivers:
1. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the AutoCAD 386 drivers to your hard
disk. See “Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on page
A-4 for instructions.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-23
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, erase the default name and enter the
directory containing your AutoCAD 386 program files.
2. Log onto the AutoCAD directory on your hard disk.
3. Check to see if a file called ADIDISP.EXP already exists in
the AutoCAD directory. If it exists, delete the file.
4. Identify the name of the driver file for the resolution you
want to use from the list at the beginning of this section.
Rename that driver file to the name ADIDISP.EXP. For
example, if you want to use the 1024 x 768, 16-color
graphics driver, type the following and press Enter:
REN VGA768.EXP ADIDISP.EXP
Configuring AutoCAD
The first time you use AutoCAD 386, you must configure it to
use the new display driver. Follow these steps:
1. Start AutoCAD.
2. Press 5 and Enter to select the configuration option.
3.
Press 3 and Enter to select the video display option.
4 . S e l e c t ADI
386 display driver.
5. Save the new configuration and return to the main menu.
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Using the VGA Utilities
Autodesk AutoCAD, Version 10.0
(Fast Display List)
The AutoCAD drivers conform to the Autodesk Device
Interface (ADI) for rendering and display drivers. The fast
display drivers accelerate redraw, pan, and zoom functions and
are available in the following resolutions:
❏ 640 x 480, 16color graphics
❏ 800 x 600, 16-color graphics
❏
1024 x 768, 16-color graphics.
Installing the Drivers
If you have not already installed AutoCAD 10.0 on your
computer, follow the instructions in your AutoCAD
documentation to install it. Follow these steps to install the fast
display drivers:
1. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the AutoCAD 10.0 (Fast Display List)
drivers to your hard disk. See “Using the VGA Driver Setup
Program” on page A-4 for instructions. When Setup asks for
the name of the drive and directory to contain the driver
files, erase the default name and enter the directory
containing your AutoCAD 10.0 program files.
2. Log onto the AutoCAD directory on your hard disk.
3. Type the following and press Enter to run the driver
installation program you copied to your hard disk:
INSTVGA
4. Follow the instructions on the screen to reconfigure the
drivers and create a batch file called FASTACAD.BAT.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-25
Running AutoCAD
Prior to starting an AutoCAD or AutoShade session, you must
load the display driver into the computer’s memory. Follow
these steps:
1. If necessary, log onto your AutoCAD directory.
2. Type the following and press Enter:
FASTACAD
This command runs the FASTACAD.BAT batch file,
which loads the display driver into your computer’s memory.
3. Then start AutoCAD or AutoShade. (The first time you use
AutoCAD or AutoShade with the new driver, follow the
instructions in the sections below to configure the programs
for an ADI display.)
4. When you are finished using the programs, type the
following and press Enter to remove the display driver from
memory:
DLDVGA -U
Configuring AutoCAD
The first time you use AutoCAD with the driver, you need to
configure it for an ADI display.
1. Select Configure AutoCAD from the AutoCAD main
menu.
2. After you see the current configuration (if any), select
Configure video display.
A-26
Using the VGA Utilities
3. Select AD1 display v4.0 as your new driver. (The
menu indicates that this is installed at interrupt 7A hex.)
4. Save the new configuration and return to the main menu.
Configuring AutoShade
If you have AutoShade, the first time you use it with the driver,
you need to configure it for an ADI display. Follow these steps:
1. Delete the file SHADE.CFG from the AutoCAD directory
on your hard disk.
2. Start AutoShade.
3. The program asks for a display and rendering driver. Select
ADI for both drivers and indicate that you have a dual
display system.
4. When you exit from the AutoShade program, it creates a
new SHADE.CFG file.
Digital Research GEM, Version 2.2
Epson provides GEM 2.2 drivers for the following resolutions:
❏ 640 x 480, 16-color graphics (SDV1480.SYS)
❏ 800 x 600, 16-color graphics (SDV16OO.SYS)
❏
1024 x 768, 16-color graphics (SDV1768.SYS)
❏ 640 x 400, 256-color graphics (SDV2400.SYS)
❏ 640 x 480,256-color graphics (SDV2480.SYS).
Using the VGA Utilities
A-27
Installing the Drivers
Follow the steps below to install the display drivers. If you have
already installed GEM 2.2, go to step 2 to install the GEM
driver. If you have not yet installed GEM 2.2, begin with step 1.
1. Use the instructions in your GEM documentation to install
GEM, version 2.2, with the standard VGA screen driver.
Insert the GEM 2.2 System Master Disk in drive A and log
onto drive A. Type the following and press Enter:
GEMPREP
Follow the instructions displayed on the screen to complete
the GEM installation. Remove the Master disk from
drive A.
2. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the GEM 2.2 drivers to your hard disk. See
“Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on page A-4 for
instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, you can accept the default
pathname or enter a different one.
3. Remove the Utility diskette from drive A and insert a blank
diskette.
4. Format the diskette using the MS-DOS FORMAT
command. (See your MS-DOS Reference Manual for
instructions.) When FORMAT prompts you for a volume
label, type the following in uppercase letters and press
Enter:
When you see the MS-DOS prompt, remove the formatted
diskette.
A-28
Using the VGA Utilities
5. Copy to the GEM_DRIVRPK diskette all of the display
driver files that you copied to your hard disk in step 2. The
filenames of the display drivers are listed at the beginning of
this section. Use the MS-DOS COPY command to copy the
files.
6. Remove the GEM_DRIVRPK diskette and insert the
GEM 2.2 System Master Disk in drive A.
7. Log onto drive A, type the following, and press Enter:
SCRNSTAL C:
8. Follow the instructions in your GEM documentation and on
the screen to finish the installation. You’ll choose the
appropriate driver from one of the GEM menus. You may
need to insert the original GEM device driver disk as well as
the GEM_DRIVRPK diskette you created.
Note
If you have installed GEM 2.2 and you want to change to
another display driver, have the GEM_DRIVRPK diskette
ready, and then start from Step 6 to change the driver.
Digital Research GEM, Version 3.0
Epson provides GEM 3.0 drivers for the following resolutions:
❏ 640
x
480, 16-color graphics (SDV1480.VGA)
❏ 800
x
600, 16-color graphics (SDV1600.VGA)
❏
1024
x
768, 16-color graphics (SDVl768.VGA)
❏ 640
x
400, 256-color graphics (SDV2400.VGA)
❏ 640
x
480, 256-color graphics (SDV2480.VGA).
Using the VGA Utilities
A-29
Installing the Drivers
If you have already installed GEM 3.0 on your computer, go to
step 2 to install the GEM drivers. If you have not yet installed
GEM 3.0, begin with step 1.
1. Use the instructions in the GEM documentation to install
GEM 3.0 and select IBM 16-color VGA (640x480)
or Compatible as your monitor. Insert the GEM 3.0
System Master Disk in drive A and log onto drive A. Then
type the following and press Enter:
GEMSETUP
Follow the instructions displayed on the screen to complete
the GEM installation.
2. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the GEM 3.0 drivers to your hard disk. See
“Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on page A-4 for
instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, you can accept the default
pathname or enter a different one.
3. Remove the Utility diskette from drive A and insert a blank
diskette.
4. Format the diskette using the MS-DOS FORMAT
command. (See your MS-DOS Reference Manual for
instructions.) When FORMAT prompts you for a volume
label, type the following in uppercase letters and press
Enter:
GEM- DRIVRPK
When you see the MS-DOS prompt, remove the formatted
diskette.
A-30
Using the VGA Utilities
5. Copy to the GEM_DRIVRPK diskette all the driver files
that you copied to your hard disk in step 2. The filenames of
the drivers are listed at the beginning of this section. Use
the MS-DOS COPY command to copy the files.
6. Remove the GEM_DRIVRPK diskette and insert the
GEM 3.0 System Master Disk in drive A.
7. Log onto drive A, type the following, and press Enter:
GEMSETUP
8. Follow the installation instructions in your GEM
documentation to change the existing configuration. When
you see Choose item to change, select Other
(Driver Pak).
9. The program prompts you to insert the driver pack disk in
drive A. Remove the System Master Disk, insert the
GEM_DRIVRPK diskette and complete the installation.
Ventura Publisher, Versions 1.0 and 1.1
Epson provides drivers for Ventura Publisher, versions 1.0 and
1.1, in the following resolutions:
Version 1.0:
❏ 640
x
480, 2-color graphics (SDV480SYS)
❏ 800 x 600, 2-color graphics (SDV600.SYS)
❏
1024 x 768, 2-color graphics (SDV768.SYS)
Using the VGA Utilities
A-31
Version 1.1:
❏ 640
x
480, 2-color graphics (SDV480.EGA)
❏ 800
x
600, 2-color graphics (SDV600.EGA)
❏
1024
x
768, 2-color graphics (SDV768.EGA).
Installing the Drivers
If you have not yet installed Ventura Publisher, begin with
step 1. If you have already installed it, begin with step 2.
1. Install Ventura Publisher following the instructions in your
Ventura documentation. Specify a Hercules driver as the
temporary display driver.
2. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the Ventura Publisher 1.0 or 1.1 drivers to
your hard disk. See “Using the VGA Driver Setup Program”
on page A-4 for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, you can accept the default
pathname or enter a different one.
3. Use the MS-DOS FORMAT command to format a blank
diskette. (See your MS-DOS Reference Manual for
instructions.)
4. Use the MS-DOS COPY command to copy all of the new
driver files from your hard disk to the root directory of the
newly formatted diskette in drive A. The filenames of the
display drivers are listed at the beginning of this section.
5. Log onto drive A.
A-32
Using the VGA Utilities
6. If you are using Ventura Publisher, version 1.0, type the
following, and press Enter:
VPDRIVER
If you are using Ventura Publisher, version 1.1, type the
following, and press Enter:
VPDRVl -1
7. Follow the instructions on the screen to select an
appropriate screen driver and complete the installation.
8. Remove the diskette from drive A.
Ventura Publisher, Version 2.0
Epson includes drivers for Ventura Publisher 2.0 in the following
resolutions:
❏ 640
x
480, 2-color graphics (SDV1480.VGA)
❏ 800
x
600, 2-color graphics (SDV1600.VGA)
❏ 1024
x
768, 2-color graphics (SDV1768.VGA).
Installing the Drivers
If you have not yet installed Ventura Publisher, begin with
step 1. If you have not already installed it, begin with step 2.
1. Install Ventura Publisher 2.0 following the instructions in
your Ventura documentation.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-33
2. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the Ventura Publisher 2.0 drivers to your
hard disk. See “Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on
page A-4 for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, you can accept the default
pathname or enter a different one.
3.
Use the FORMAT command to format a blank diskette.
(See your MS-DOS Reference Manual for instructions.)
4. Use the MS-DOS COPY command to copy all of the new
driver files from your hard disk to the root directory of the
newly formatted diskette in drive A. The filenames of the
display drivers are listed at the beginning of this section.
5. Log onto drive A, type the following, and press Enter:
VPDRV2 -0
6.
Follow the instructions on the screen to select an
appropriate screen driver and complete the installation.
7. Remove the diskette from drive A.
Lotus 1-2-3, Release 2.0 and
Lotus Symphony, Releases 1.0, 1.1, and 2.0
The Lotus drivers work with releases 2.0 and 2.01 of Lotus
1-2-3, as well as releases 1.0, 1.1, and 2.0 of Lotus Symphony.
Epson’s drivers support the following resolutions:
❏ 80
A-34
x
50, 16-color text
❏
132 x 25, 16-color text
❏
132 x 50, 16-color text.
Using the VGA Utilities
Installing the Drivers
Follow the steps below to install the Epson drivers:
1. If necessary, install Lotus l-2-3 or Symphony on your hard
disk using the instructions in the program manual.
2. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the Lotus 1-2-3 and Symphony drivers to
your hard disk. See “Using the VGA Driver Setup Program”
on page A-4 for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, erase the default name and enter the
directory containing your l-2-3 or Symphony program files.
3. Type C : and press Enter to log onto your hard disk.
4. Log onto the directory containing your Lotus program. (For
l-2-3, type CD \ 123 and press Enter.)
5. To start the installation program, type the following and
press Enter:
INSTALL
6. You see the Installation menu. Select Advanced
options.
7. Then select Add new drivers to library.
8. Nextchoose Modify current driver set.
9. Select Text display.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-35
10. Choose one of the following drivers from the Text Display
menu:
❏ VGA 82C452 (80 x 50)
❏ VGA 82C452 (132 x 25)
❏ VGA 82C452 (132 x 50).
11. After selecting the appropriate driver, select Ret urn to
menu.
12. At the Installation menu, select Save changes.
13. The menu prompts you for the name of your new Lotus
configuration file. Lotus uses a default name in the prompt,
such as 123. SET for Lotus 1-2-3. Change this name to a
filename that indicates the resolution of the driver in the
file.
For example, if you installed the 132 x 25 driver, you could
name this file 132X25.SET. Or, if you installed the 80 x 50
driver, you might name the file 80X50.SET.
14. Exit the Lotus installation program by selecting Exit
from the main installation menu.
Running Lotus 1-2-3
You must include the filename of the new configuration file on
the Lotus 1-2-3 command line. For example, if you named your
file 132X25.SET, type the following command and press Enter
to start Lotus 1-2-3:
A-36
Using the VGA Utilities
Ashton-Tate Framework II, Release 1.0
Epson provides Framework II drivers for the following
resolutions:
640
x
480, 16-color graphics:
❏ 80 x 25, l6-color text (CT452000.SC)
❏ 80 x 50, l6-color text (CT452003SC)
❏ 132 x 25, 16-color text (CT452030.SC)
❏ 132 x 50, 16-color text (CT452033.X).
800 x 600, 16-color graphics:
❏ 80 x 25, 16-color text (CT452200.SC)
❏ 80 x 50, 16-color text (CT452203.X)
❏ 132 x 25, 16-color text (CT452230.SC)
❏ 132
x
50, 16-color text (CT452233.SC).
Installing the Drivers
You install the driver when you install Framework II. If you have
already installed the program, you must reinstall it along with
the driver. Follow these steps:
1. Use the instructions in the Framework documentation to
run the Framework Setup program and install the program.
Choose option 1 for first time installation.
2. Exit Framework Setup.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-37
3. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the Framework II drivers to your hard disk.
See “Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on page A-4
for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, erase the default name and enter the
directory containing your Framework II program files.
4. Use the MS-DOS FORMAT command to format a blank
diskette. (See your MS-DOS Reference Manual for
instructions.)
5. Copy to the newly formatted diskette all of the driver files in
your Framework II directory. The filenames are listed next
to the desired resolutions at the beginning of this section.
Remove the diskette from drive A.
6. Run the Framework Setup program again.
7. Select the following:
All other uses of the setup program
8. On the next screen, select option 2. If this option does not
correspond to your setup, follow the on-screen instructions
to select a more appropriate option, or run Setup again.
9. When you see the main menu, select Configuration.
10. From the next menu, select Primary Hardware.
11. On the next display, select Screen Driver.
12. Then select the following:
I want to enter my own driver
filename
A-38
Using the VGA Utilities
13. Type the filename of the driver you want to use and press
Enter.
14. Press M to return to the main menu.
15. Select option 7 to save the new setup and exit from the
program.
WordStar, Version 3.3
Your computer’s built-in VGA adapter can run WordStar,
version 3.3, in 132-column text mode without a special driver.
However, you do need to install the VGAMODE utility
program (described later in this appendix). Also, once you have
installed WordStar on your hard disk, you need to install a patch
(modification) to the WordStar program file, as described below.
Installing the Patch
To install the patch to the WordStar program, follow the steps
below:
1. Log onto the WordStar directory on your hard disk.
2. Type the following and press Enter to make a backup copy
of the original WordStar program file:
COPY WS.COM WSORIG.COM
3. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the WS33INST utility to your hard disk.
From the Main Menu, select Utility programs.
Then select WS33INST from the submenu. See “Using
the VGA Driver Setup Program” on page A-4 for
instructions.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-39
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, erase the default name and enter the
directory containing your Wordstar 3.3 program files.
4. Now install the VGAMODE utility. See “VGAMODE
Utility” on page A-57 for instructions.
5. Log onto the Wordstar 3.3 directory on your hard disk.
6. Type the following and press Enter to run WS33INST:
WS33INST
This utility makes the necessary patch to the WS.COM
program file.
7. To rename the WS.COM file to WS132.COM, type the
following and press Enter:
REN WS.COM WS132.COM
8. To rename the WSORIG.COM file to WS.COM, type the
following and press Enter:
REN WSORIG.COM WS.COM
Running WordStar 3.3
To run WordStar 3.3 with 132 columns, you must specify
132-column text mode prior to starting WordStar by running the
VGAMODE program. Follow these steps:
1. Type the following and press Enter to specify 132-column
text mode:
VGAMODE 132, 25
A-40
Using the VGA Utilities
2. Type the following and press Enter to start WordStar:
WS132
After you exit WordStar, if you want to return to 80-column
mode, type the following and press Enter:
VGAMODE
80, 25
WordStar, Versions 4.0 and 5.0
Your VGA adapter can run WordStar, versions 4.0 and 5.0, in
132-column text mode without a special driver. However, you
do need to install the VGAMODE utility (described later in this
appendix). You also need to reconfigure WordStar to run with
132 columns:
After you install WordStar on your hard disk, follow these steps :
1. Log onto the WordStar directory on your hard disk.
2. Type the following and press Enter to start WordStar’s
installation program:
WSCHANGE
3. The program asks for the name of your WordStar program
file. If you installed WordStar without changing the
program filename, this file is named WS.EXE. Type the
filename and press Enter.
4. The program then asks for the name of a file where the
changes for the new configuration are to be saved. Type the
following and press Enter:
WS132.EXE
Using the VGA Utilities
A-41
5. At the Main Installation Menu, select C o n s o l e .
6. From the console menu, select Monitor.
7. T h e n c h o o s e S c r e e n S i z i n g .
8. At the Screen Sizing menu, select B (for width), type 132,
and press Enter. Press X at each menu to exit from the
installation program.
9. When the installation program asks if you want to save the
new configuration, press Y. The program saves the new
configuration in the WS132.EXE file and the computer
displays the MS-DOS command prompt.
Running WordStar 4.0 and 5.0
To run WordStar 4.0 or 5.0 with 132 columns, you need to
specify 132-column text mode prior to starting WordStar by
running the VGAMODE program. Follow these steps:
1. Install the VGAMODE utility. See “VGAMODE Utility”
on page A-57 for instructions.
2. Log onto your hard disk.
3. Type the command below and press Enter to specify
132-column text mode:
VGAMODE
132, 25
4. Type the f oIIowing and press Enter to start WordStar.
WS132
After you exit WordStar, if you want to return to 80-column
mode, type the following and press Enter:
VGAMODE
A-42
80, 25
Using the VGA Utilities
WordPerfect, Versions 4.0 and 4.1
Your VGA adapter can run versions 4.0 and 4.1 of WordPerfect
in 132-column text mode without a special driver. However, you
do need to install the VGAMODE utility (described later in this
appendix) and reconfigure WordPerfect.
After you have installed WordPerfect on your hard disk, follow
these steps:
1. Install the VGAMODE utility, if you have not already done
so. See “VGAMODE Utility” on page A-57 for instructions.
2. Log onto the WordPerfect directory on your hard disk.
3. Type the following and press Enter to start VGAMODE
and initialize 132-column text mode:
VGAMODE
132, 25
4. Type the following and press Enter to run WordPerfect’s
Setup program:
WP /S
5. At the Setup Menu, select Specify Screen Size.
6. Type 132 to edit the number of columns field.
7. Exit the Setup Menu. Your computer now displays
WordPerfect in 132-column text mode.
8. To use the full width of the screen, you must change the
margins. (See the WordPerfect documentation for
instructions.)
Using the VGA Utilities
A-43
Running WordPerfect 4.0 and 4.1
Whenever you run WordPerfect 4.0 or 4.1 with 132 columns,
you need to specify 132-column text mode prior to starting the
program. Follow these steps:
1. Type the following and press Enter to specify 132-column
text mode:
VGAMODE 132, 25
2. Type the following and press Enter to start WordPerfect:
WP
After you exit WordPerfect, if you want to return to 80-column
mode, type the following and press Enter:
VGAMODE 80, 25
WordPerfect, Version 5.0
Your VGA adapter can run WordPerfect 5.0 in 132-column text
mode and in the following resolutions:
❏ 800 x 600, 16-color graphics
❏
1024 x 768, 16-color graphics.
Installing the Drivers
Follow these steps to install the WordPerfect 5.0 drivers:
1. If necessary, install WordPerfect 5.0 on your hard disk.
A-44
Using the VGA Utilities
2. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the WordPerfect 5.0 driver files to your
hard disk. See “Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on
page A-4 for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, erase the default name and enter the
directory containing your WordPerfect 5.0 program files.
3. If you have not already installed the VGAMODE utility,
install it now. See page A-57 for instructions.
4. Log onto the WordPerfect directory on your hard disk.
5. Type WP and press Enter to start WordPerfect.
6. Hold down the Shift key and press F1 to display the Setup
menu.
7. At this menu, select 3 for display.
8. At the Display menu, select 5 for screen type.
9. Then choose the monitor type and resolution you want to
use from the Graphics Screen Type menu.
10. Exit WordPerfect.
Configuring for 132 Columns
Follow these steps to run WordPerfect in 132-column text
mode:
1. Type the following and press Enter:
VGAMODE
132, 25
2. Start WordPerfect. The program detects the rows and
columns automatically.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-45
If WordPerfect does not display 132 columns and 25 rows on
the screen, type the following and press Enter to start the
program:
WP /SS=25,132
VersaCAD Design, Version 5.4
Epson provides VersaCAD 5.4 drivers for the following
resolutions:
❏ 800
❏
x
600, 16color graphics (EGA600.EXE)
1024 x 768, 16-color graphics (EGA768.EXE).
Installing the Drivers
If you have not already installed VersaCAD 5.4, follow the
instructions in your VersaCAD documentation to install it.
Follow these steps to install the drivers:
1. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the VersaCAD 5.4 drivers to your hard disk.
See “Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on page A-4
for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, erase the default name and enter the
directory containing your VersaCAD 5.4 program files.
2. Start VersaCAD.
3.
Press E to select the Environment option.
4. To select the Screen option, press S.
A-46
Using the VGA Utilities
5. Press the space bar until you see one of the following
options:
CHIPS 1024x768
CHIPS 800x600
6. Select the driver you want to use.
7. Exit VersaCAD.
Modifying the VersaCAD Batch File
Before you use VersaCAD with the new display driver, you need
to modify the VersaCAD batch file. Follow these steps:
1.
If necessary, log onto the root directory of your hard disk.
2. Use the EDLIN utility to edit the file VCAD54.BAT, as
described in the following steps. (See your MS-DOS
Reference Manual for instructions on using EDLIN.)
3. The second line of the VCAD54.BAT file contains the
command to load the display driver. Change the name of
the current driver file to the name of the new driver file for
the resolution you chose. (The new driver filenames are
listed at the beginning of this section.)
For example, if you want to use the 1024 x 768, 16-color
graphics driver, change the filename to the following:
EGA768.EXE
4. Save the new batch file as you exit the EDLIN utility.
5. Hold down Ctrl and Alt and press Del to reset the computer.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-47
VersaCAD 386, Version 5.4
Epson provides VersaCAD 386 drivers for these resolutions:
❏ 800 x 600, 16-color graphics (EGAP600.EXE)
❏
1024 x 768, 16-color graphics (EGA768P.EXE).
Installing the Drivers
If you have not already installed VersaCAD 386, follow the
instructions in your VersaCAD documentation to install it.
Follow these steps to install the drivers:
I. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the VersaCAD 386 drivers to your hard
disk. See “Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on page
A-4 for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, erase the default name and enter the
directory containing your VersaCAD 386 program files.
2. Start VersaCAD.
3.
Press E to select the Environment option.
4. TO select the Screen option, press S.
5. Press the space bar until you see one of these options:
CHIPS 1024x768
CHIPS 800x600
6. Select the driver you want to use.
7. Exit VersaCAD.
A-48
Using the VGA Utilities
Modifying the VersaCAD 386 Batch File
Before you use VersaCAD 386 with the new display driver, you
need to modify the VersaCAD 386 batch file in the root
directory. Follow these steps:
1. If necessary, log onto the root directory of your hard disk.
2. Use the EDLIN utility to edit the file VCAD386.BAT. as
described in the following steps. (See your MS-DOS
Reference Manual for instructions on using EDLIN.)
3. The fourth line of the VCAD386.BAT file contains the
command to load the display driver. Change the name of
the current driver file (probably EGAP) to the name of the
new driver file for the resolution you chose. (The new driver
filenames are listed at the beginning of this section.)
For example, if you want to use the 1024 x 768, 16-color
graphics driver, change the filename to the following:
EGAP768.EXE
4. Save the new batch file as you exit the EDLIN utility.
5. Hold down Ctrl and Alt and press Del to reset the computer.
CADVANCE, Version 3.50
Epson provides CADVANCE 3.50 drivers in the following
resolutions :
❏ 800
❏
x
1024
600, 16-color graphics (GS600.DRV)
x
768, 16-color graphics (GS768.DRV).
Using the VGA Utilities
A-49
Installing the Drivers
If you have not already installed CADVANCE 3.50 on your
computer, follow the instructions in your CADVANCE
documentation to install it.
Follow these steps to install the drivers:
1. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the CADVANCE 3.50 drivers to your hard
disk. See “Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on page
A-4 for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, erase the default name and enter the
directory containing your CADVANCE 3.50 program files.
2. Log onto the CADVANCE directory on your hard disk.
3. Type the following and press Enter to delete the old display
driver file:
DEL GS.DRV
4. Identify the name of the driver file for the resolution you
want to use from the list at the beginning of this section.
Rename that driver file to the name GS.DRV. For example,
if you want to use the 1024 x 768, 16-color graphics driver,
type the following and press Enter:
REN GS768.DRV GS.DRV
A-50
Using the VGA Utilities
OrCAD, Version 3.22
The following resolutions are available for OrCAD 3.22:
❏ 800
❏
x
1024
600, 16-color graphics (CHIPS600.DRV)
x
768, 16-color graphics (CHIPS768.DRV).
Installing the Drivers
If you have not already installed OrCAD 3.22 on your
computer, follow the instructions in your OrCAD
documentation to install it.
Then run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the OrCAD 3.22 drivers to your hard disk. See
“Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on page A-4 for
instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, erase the default name and enter the
name of your OrCAD driver directory. (That directory is
probably called C:\ORCAD\DRIVERS.)
Configuring OrCAD
1. Log onto the OrCAD root directory on your hard disk. (The
default OrCAD root directory is C: \ORCAD.)
2. Type the following and press Enter to run OrCAD in
configuration mode:
DRAFT /C
3. Type DP to enter the driver pathname.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-51
4. Then enter the name of the directory containing the new
display driver files. For example, type the following and press
Enter:
5. Type DD to set the driver filename.
6. Press S to choose a special driver.
7. Then enter the name of the driver file for the resolution
you want to use. (The driver filenames are listed at the
beginning of this section.) For example, to use the
1024 x 768, 16-color graphics driver, type the following and
press Enter:
CHIPS768.DRV
8. Press U to save the new configuration.
9. To exit OrCAD, press Q.
Generic CADD, Version 1.1, Level 3
The following resolutions are available for Generic CADD,
version 1.1, level 3:
800
x
1024
600, 16-color graphics (CHIPS600.VGD)
x
768, 16-color graphics (CHIPS768.VGD).
Installing the Drivers
If you have not already installed Generic CADD, version 1.1,
level 3, on your computer, follow the instructions in your
Generic CADD documentation to install it.
A-52
Using the VGA Utilities
Follow these steps to install the drivers:
1. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the Generic CADD drivers to your hard
disk. See “Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on page
A-4 for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the driver files, erase the default name and enter the
name of the directory containing your Generic CADD
program files.
2. Log onto your Generic CADD directory.
3.
Identify the name of the driver file for the resolution you
want to use in the list at the beginning of this section.
Rename that driver file to the name VGA.VGD. For
example, if you want to use the 1024 x 768, 16-color
graphics driver, type the following and press Enter:
REN CHIPS768.VID VGA.VGD
Configuring Generic CADD
1. Type the following and press Enter to run the Generic
CADD configuration program:
CONFIG
2. Selectoption 1,Select a Video Graphic
Display.
3.
Enter the appropriate number for the display driver you
want to use.
4. Press ESC and then Y to exit the Generic CADD
configuration program.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-53
VESA Driver, Version 1.0
The VESA driver conforms to the VESA Super VGA Standard
#VS891001 and supports the following resolutions:
❏ 800 x 600, 16-color graphics
❏
1024 x 768, 16-color graphics
❏ 640 x 400, 256-color graphics
❏ 640 x 480, 256-color graphics.
If an application program offers a VESA standard option to
provide Super VGA resolutions, you must install this VESA
driver in order to use the option. You can select any of the
resolutions listed above from your application program options,
as long as your monitor is capable of displaying them.
When you install the VESA driver, you automatically install the
SETVESA and VTEST utilities. SETVESA sets the page size
and the number of pages for the VESA Super VGA modes.
VTEST runs a diagnostic test on the VESA drivers to make sure
they are operating properly. Follow the steps in the next section
to install the VESA driver and its utilities. Then see “Using
SETVESA” and “Using VTEST,” below, for instructions on
using the VESA utilities.
Installing the Driver
Follow these steps to install the VESA driver and the SETVESA
and VTEST utilities:
1. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the VESA driver and utility files to your
hard disk. See “Using the VGA Driver Setup Program” on
page A-4 for instructions.
A-54
Using the VGA Utilities
When Setup asks for the name of the directory to contain
the driver and utility files, erase the default name. Then
enter the name of your utility directory, if you have one.
2. If you have not done so already, add the pathname of the
VESA utility files to your AUTOEXEC.BAT file. (See your
MS-DOS Reference Manual for instructions.)
3. To place the VESA driver in your computer’s memory and
enable the driver, type the following and press Enter:
VESA452
If you want to enable all of the available resolutions, type
the following and press Enter:
VESA452 +
Do not use the + parameter unless your monitor is capable
of displaying all of the available resolutions. If you use the +
parameter and then have problems with the application
program that uses the VESA standard, delete the VESA
driver and utility files. Then reinstall the driver and utilities,
and enable VESA without using the + parameter.
Using SETVESA
The SETVESA utility allows you to set the page size and
number of pages for the VESA Super VGA modes. The format
for the command is:
SETVESA
[page size] [number of pages]
Valid values for page size are 32, 64, or 128. The number of pages
can be either 1 or 2. The default values set by the VESA driver
are 64 (for page size) and 1 (for number of pages). Enter the
SETVESA command with new values if you want to change the
default settings.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-55
You cannot enter the following settings:
SETVESA 32 1
SETVESA 128 2
If you enter the command without any parameters, SETVESA
displays the current settings on the screen.
Follow these steps to use the SETVESA utility:
1. If necessary, log onto the directory containing the
SETVESA.EXE utility file.
2. Type the SETVESA command followed by the parameters
you want to use and press Enter, as in the following
example:
SETVESA 64 2
Using VTEST
The VTEST utility tests the VESA driver and displays the
results of the test on your monitor screen. Follow these steps:
1. If necessary, log onto the directory containing the
VTEST.EXE utility file.
2. Type the following and press Enter:
VTEST
3. VTEST displays information about the first mode it will test.
Press any key to begin testing.
4. VTEST tests various aspects of each mode and displays the
results on the screen. At the end of the test, you see the
MS-DOS prompt.
A-56
Using the VGA Utilities
Utility Programs
Your Utility diskettes contain the following VGA utility
programs:
❏
VGAMODE
❏
SETVGA
❏
MODETEST
❏
WS33INST
❏ SNOOZE.
These utilities are described in the sections below.
VGAMODE Utility
VGAMODE provides 132-column text in popular text-based
applications, such as WordStar and WordPerfect. The
VGAMODE utility allows you to specify the number of rows
(lines) and columns you want displayed on the screen.
Installing the utility
Follow these steps to install VGAMODE:
1. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the VGAMODE utility to your hard disk.
From the Main Menu, select Utility programs.
Then select VGAMODE from the submenu. See “Using the
VGA Driver Setup Program” on page A-4 for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the utility file, you can either press Enter to use the
default directory or change the pathname to your utility
directory, if you already have one.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-57
2. After you have copied the VGAMODE utility to your hard
disk, it is best to include the pathname for VGAMODE and
other utilities in an AUTOEXEC.BAT file. See the next
section for instructions.
Adding VGAMODE to the AUTOEXEC.BAT file
For convenience in accessing VGAMODE, you can include a
pathname in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file. Follow these steps:
1. At the MS-DOS command prompt in the root directory,
type the following and press Enter:
COPY AUTOEXEC.BAT+CON AUTOEXEC.BAT
2. To set the path for the VGAMODE utility, type the
following and press Enter:
PATH C:\pathname\
For instance, if you were using the default directory offered
by the VGA Driver Setup program, you would type:
PATH C:\UTIL\
3. Press F6 and then Enter.
(See your MS-DOS Reference Manual for more information
about pathnames.)
Using the utility
You specify values for the desired number of rows and columns
by typing them on the VGAMODE command line. The
command format is:
VGAMODE [columns], [rows]
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Using the VGA Utilities
Valid values for columns are 80 and 132; for rows, use 25 or 50.
(Do not include the brackets.)
For example, if you want your screen to display 132 columns and
25 rows, type the following and press Enter:
VGAMODE 132, 25
To use VGAMODE, you must configure the application
program that uses VGAMODE for the same screen size. See the
appropriate section in this appendix for your application
program(s).
Note
Certain monitors cannot display 132 columns or 50 rows on
the screen. The following table specifies the number of rows
that can be displayed on common monitors:
Monitor
Columns
Rows
IBM VGA display (analog)
80
25 or 50
Multi-frequency display
80 or 132
25 or 50
SETVGA Utility
SETVGA lets you operate your built-in VGA adapter in a
specific emulation mode. This allows you to use programs that
were written especially for one of the following adapters when
you cannot run these programs in regular VGA mode:
❏ IBM monochrome adapter
❏ IBM color graphics adapter
❏ IBM enhanced graphics adapter
❏ Hercules monochrome graphics adapter.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-59
Note
Only a few, old software packages require you to use the
SETVGA program.
Installing the utility
Follow these steps to install SETVGA:
1. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the SETVGA utility to your hard disk.
From the Main Menu, select Utility programs.
Then select SETVGA from the submenu. See “Using the
VGA Driver Setup Program” on page A-4 for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the utility file, you can either press Enter to use the
default directory or change the pathname to your utility
directory, if you already have one.
2. After you have copied the SETVGA utility to your hard
disk, it is best to include the pathname for SETVGA and
other utilities in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file. See the next
section for instructions.
Adding SETVGA to the AUTOEXEC.BAT file
For convenience in accessing SETVGA, you can include a
pathname in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file. Follow these steps:
1. At the MS-DOS command prompt in the root directory,
type the following and press Enter:
COPY AUTOEXEC.BAT+CON AUTOEXEC.BAT
2. To set the path for the SETVGA utility, type the following
and press Enter:
PATH
A-60
C:\pathname\
Using the VGA Utilities
For instance, if you were using the default directory offered
by the VGA Driver Setup program (described above), you
would enter this command:
PATH C:\UTIL\
3. Press F6 and then Enter.
(See your MS-DOS Reference Manual for more information
about pathnames.)
Using the utility
To lock your VGA interface into an emulation mode, you
include the name of the mode on the SETVGA command line.
The command format is:
SETVGA [emulation]
(Do not include the brackets.)
Use one of the following values for emulation:
Emulation
Description
MDA
Enables and locks MDA emulation
CGA
Enables and locks CGA emulation
EGAC
Enables and locks EGA color emulation
EGAM
Enables and locks EGA monochrome emulation
HERC
Enables and locks Hercules emulation
VGA
Disables emulation and returns to VGA operation
For example, to emulate an EGA color adapter, type the
following and press Enter:
SETVGA EGAC
Using the VGA Utilities
A-61
MODETEST Utility
The MODETEST utility tests all of the video modes available to
your monitor and displays the following information:
❏ Mode number
❏
Resolution
❏ Number of available colors
❏ Vertical and horizontal scanning frequency
❏ Dot clock (pixel) frequency.
MODETEST also displays the available colors in a set of color
bars and in a changing border around the screen.
Installing and using the utility
Follow these steps to install and use MODETEST:
1. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the MODETEST utility to your hard disk.
From the Main Menu, select Utility programs.
Then select MODETEST. See “Using the VGA Driver
Setup Program” on page A-4 for instructions. When Setup
asks for the name of the drive and directory to contain the
utility file, you can either press Enter to use the default
directory or change the pathname to another one.
2. Log onto the directory containing MODETEST.
3. Type the following and press Enter:
MODETEST
4. The screen displays information about the first video mode.
Press any key to test the next mode or press ESC to exit
MODETEST.
A-62
Using the VGA Utilities
5. Continue pressing any key to test all the available video
modes. After the last test, you see a table of the results.
6. Press ESC to exit MODETEST.
WS33INST Utility
The WS33INST utility provides 132-column text mode for
WordStar, version 3.3 by patching (modifying) the WordStar
program file. See “WordStar, Version 3.3,” earlier in this
appendix, for instructions on installing and using the utility.
SNOOZE Utility
The SNOOZE utility causes your monitor screen to go blank
after a specified period of time if your system has been inactive.
This preserves the quality of your screen display by preventing
any single image from being “burned into” the monitor. The
screen remains blank until you press any key; then it resumes
display of the current activities.
Installing the utility
1. Run the VGA Driver Setup program on your Utility 1
diskette to copy the SNOOZE utility to your hard disk.
From the Main Menu, select Utility programs.
Then select SNOOZE. See “Using the VGA Driver Setup
Program” on page A-4 for instructions.
When Setup asks for the name of the drive and directory to
contain the utility file, you can either press Enter to use the
default directory or change the pathname to your utility
directory, if you already have one.
2. After you have copied the SNOOZE utility to your hard
disk, it is best to include the pathname for SNOOZE and
other utilities in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file. See the next
section for instructions.
Using the VGA Utilities
A-63
Adding SNOOZE to the AUTOEXEC.BAT file
For convenience in accessing SNOOZE, you can include a
pathname in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file. Follow these steps:
1. At the MS-DOS command prompt in the root directory,
type the following and press Enter:
COPY AUTOEXEC.BAT+CON AUTOEXEC.BAT
To set the path for the SNOOZE utility, type the following
and press Enter:
PATH
C:\pathname\
For instance, if you were using the default directory offered
by the VGA Driver Setup program (described above), you
would type:
PATH C:\UTIL\
3.
Press F6 and then Enter.
Using the utility
To activate the utility, type SNOOZE and press Enter. You see
information about the SNOOZE command syntax and a
message that the SNOOZE delay is set to 5 minutes.
The default period of inactivity before the screen goes blank is
5 minutes. You can specify your own time period by entering a
number from 1 to 60 (minutes) on the SNOOZE command line.
For example, to set a SNOOZE delay of 15 minutes, type the
following and press Enter:
SNOOZE 15
To disable SNOOZE, type SNOOZE 0 and press Enter.
A-64
Using the VGA Utilities
Appendix B
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
This appendix describes how to do the following
❏ Install a hard disk or diskette drive
❏ Remove a hard disk or diskette drive
❏ Change the hard disk drive jumper settings.
Your system can include up to three drives: either two diskette
drives and one hard disk drive or one diskette drive and two
hard disk drives. Your computer has two horizontal drive bays
and one vertical mounting position to hold the drives, as shown
below.
hard disk drive
vertical mounting area
diskette drive
diskette or hard disk drive
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-1
How to Use This Appendix
The instructions in this appendix describe how to install and
remove optional Epson diskette and hard disk drives. All drives
sold by Epson for the Equity 386/25 PLUS are qualified and
recommended for use in this system. Your drive may look a bit
different from the one illustrated in this appendix, but you
install it the same way.
If you are installing or removing a non-Epson drive, some of
the steps in this appendix may not apply to your drive; see the
documentation that came with it for more information.
Each section describes a part of the process you may need to
perform. Here are the guidelines:
❏ Before you perform any of the procedures described in this
appendix, follow the steps in Chapter 5 to remove the
computer’s cover.
❏ If you are removing your only hard disk drive, see
“Removing a Hard Disk from the Vertical Position” on page
B-24.
❏ If you are installing a hard disk drive or removing one and
leaving another in the computer, follow the steps under
“Setting the Hard Disk Drive Jumpers” on page B-4 first.
❏ If you are installing or removing a diskette drive and you
currently have a hard disk drive installed in the vertical
mounting position, see “Removing a Hard Disk from the
Vertical Position” on page B-24.
❏ If you are installing or removing a diskette drive and you do
not have a hard disk drive installed in the vertical mounting
position, see “Installing or Removing a Disk Drive in the
Horizontal Position” on page B-27.
Additional instructions in each section tell you which steps to
perform next.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-3
Changing the Jumper Settings
The hard disk drive jumpers are located on the drive’s circuit
board, near the large cable connector.
The jumpers on your drive may be in a slightly different
location, but you set them the same way.
There are four positions for the jumpers on each hard disk drive.
Jumpers are installed in only two of the positions and the other
two positions are left open.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-5
If you are installing both of your hard disk drives at one time,
you should install the drive in the horizontal drive bay first. See
“Installing or Removing a Disk Drive in the Horizontal
Position” on page B-27 for instructions.
If one of your hard disk drives is already installed in the
computer, follow the steps under “Removing a Hard Disk From
the Vertical Position” on page B-24 to remove it. Then set the
jumpers on both drives while they are out of the computer. The
steps in that section tell you which instructions to follow next.
Note
If you are removing one hard disk drive and leaving one in
your computer, be sure to set the jumpers on the remaining
drive to indicate that you have only one hard disk drive. See
the table above for the jumper settings. Then follow the
instructions under “Removing a Hard Disk From the Vertical
Position” on page B-24 so you can access the jumpers on the
drive.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-7
On one side, there may also be a plastic guide rail. Follow these
steps to remove the mounting frames (and guide rail) from the
drive:
1. If necessary, remove the screws securing the plastic guide rail
and the metal grounding plate to one of the mounting
frames, as shown below.
grounding plate
screws
2. Remove the four screws securing the mounting frames to the
hard disk drive. There are two screws securing each frame, as
shown below.
screws
screws
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-9
2. Using a screwdriver, remove the screw securing the
mounting plate to the computer and set it aside. Then lift up
the mounting plate to remove it.
- retaining
screw
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-11
Installing the Drive
Follow these steps to install the hard disk drive in the vertical
mounting position:
1. Locate the hard disk drive ribbon cable that came in the box
with your computer. It is a flat cable with three connectors
on it (one on each end and one in the middle).
Use the connector in the middle of the cable. As shown
below, there are two rows of holes in the end of the
connector. One of the holes is blocked with a plug.
The ribbon cable socket on the back of the drive has two
rows of pins. In one of the rows, a pin is missing.
ribbon cable connector
blocked hole
ribbon cable socket
missing pin
lnstalling and Removing Disk Drives
B-13
3. Locate one of the power supply cables that lead from the
power supply in the computer (behind the horizontal drive
bays). The cables are labelled Pl, P2, or P3 and have a clear
plastic connector on one end. You can use any of the three
cables. As shown below, the end of the connector has two
notched corners.
power supply cable
power supply socket
notched
corners
notched
corners
The power supply socket is on the back of the hard disk
drive, next to the cable you just connected. The socket also
has two notched corners, as shown above.
Align the connector with the socket so that the notched
corners on the connector line up with the notched corners
of the socket.
notched corners
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-15
5. As you lower the drive into the vertical mounting area,
guide the long end of the cable underneath the drive and
curl up the short end behind the drive.
tabs
As shown above, fit the tabs on the mounting plate into the
slots on the side of the subassembly. Then tilt the drive
toward the subassembly and align the retaining screw hole
on the mounting plate with the hole in the bracket.
6. Secure the drive to the bracket with the retaining screw.
If you used the instructions above to install your drive while
the subassembly is out of the computer, see “Replacing the
Subassembly” on page B-47. Do not follow the steps in the
next section.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-17
3. Raise the front of the subassembly to a slight angle, as shown
below.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-19
Caution
If you do not correctly align the holes with the pins, you
could severely damage your computer when you push in
the connector.
6. Carefully lower the front of the subassembly onto the
computer, as shown below.
small tabs
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-21
8. Tilt up the front panel until the clips on the top touch the
computer. Then push on the top of the panel until it clicks
into place. Your diskette drive(s) should be flush with the
front of the panel.
9. Follow the steps on page 5-30 to replace the computer’s
cover. Then see “Post-installation Setup” later in Chapter 5
for instructions on configuring your computer for use with
your new hard disk drive.
Note
After you change your computer’s drive configuration, the
computer may take up to five minutes to complete power-on
diagnostics the next time you turn it on.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-23
2. Remove the retaining screw securing the hard disk drive
mounting plate to the computer and set it aside.
3. Tilt the hard disk drive slightly to the right, away from the
subassembly, and lift it out of the vertical mounting area.
Turn it over and set it on top of the subassembly with the
gray mounting plate facing up. Since the drive is attached to
its cables, make sure you do not try to move it too far away
from the subassembly as you turn it.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-25
6. Remove the four screws securing the hard disk drive
mounting plate to the hard disk drive. Then remove and
store the mounting plate along with the screws.
7. Wrap the hard disk drive in its original packing materials
and set it aside. Then carefully arrange the power supply
cable so that it fits down into the vertical mounting area.
Make sure that the cable does not interfere with any other
cables or mechanisms.
8. Follow the steps on page 5-30 to replace the computer’s
cover. Then see “Post-installation Setup” later in Chapter 5
for instructions on configuring your computer for use
without a hard disk drive.
Note
After you change your computer’s drive configuration, your
computer may take up to five minutes to complete power-on
diagnostics the next time you turn it on.
Installing or Removing a Disk Drive in the
Horizontal Position
This section describes how to install or remove a hard disk drive
or a diskette drive in the lower horizontal drive bay. You can use
these same instructions if you need to install a different diskette
drive in the upper drive bay; however, the illustrations show the
lower bay.
If you are installing a second hard disk or diskette drive, you
must install it in the lower horizontal drive bay. Your first
diskette drive is in the upper bay and your first hard disk is in
the vertical mounting position beside the drive bays.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-27
Pull the panel away from the front of the computer.
If you are going to install a hard disk drive in the lower
horizontal position, set the front panel aside and go to
step 4.
If you are installing a diskette drive, remove the slot cover
from the front panel, as described in step 3.
3. Place the front panel face down and use a screwdriver to
remove the screws securing the slot cover to the panel. Lift
out the slot cover, as shown below.
I
I
slot cover
Set the front panel, slot cover, and screws aside.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-29
5. Lift up the front of the subassembly with your thumbs. Raise
it to a slight angle, as shown below.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-31
8. Still holding up the subassembly, reach further back
underneath it and disconnect the two power supply cables
connected to the back right side of the main system board,
as shown below. Pull each of the connectors straight up. Do
not pull only on the cables.
power supply cables
9. Lift the entire subassembly out of the computer and carefully
place it on your work surface.
If you are installing a drive, follow the instructions under
“Installing a Disk Drive in the Horizontal Position” on the
next page.
If you are removing a drive, see “Removing a Disk Drive
From the Horizontal Position” on page B-44.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-33
2. There are two or three holes on each side of the disk drive.
When you insert the drive, align the appropriate round
holes in the drive with the two oval holes on each side of
the drive bay, as shown below.
3.
Insert the drive into the lower drive bay and slide it toward
the back of the subassembly. Watch the oval holes on the
side of the drive bay so you can see when the holes on the
drive are positioned in the middle of them.
If you are installing a diskette drive, adjust its position so
that the front of the drive lines up with the drive in the
upper bay. (A hard disk drive fits all the way into the bay.)
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-35
The interface that protrudes from the back of the drive has
gold contacts on both sides. Near one end of the interface,
there is a gap to accommodate the plastic divider on the
connector.
Align the connector with the interface so that the plastic
divider on the connector lines up with the gap in-the
interface, as shown below.
divider
gap
Make sure the cable connector fits properly onto the drive
interface and then push it onto the interface.
Caution
If you do not correctly align the connector, you could
severely damage your diskette drive when you push it in.
If you removed a hard disk drive from the vertical mounting
position, go to step 6. If you did not, go to step 8 for
instructions on connecting the power cable.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-37
Align the connector with the socket so that the row in the
connector with the blocked hole lines up with the row in
the socket with the missing pin, as shown below.
Make sure the holes fit over all the pins and then push the
connector onto the pins.
Caution
If you do not correctly align the holes with the pins, you
could severely damage your hard disk drive when you
push in the connector.
If you will have two hard disk drives in your system, perform
the procedures in steps 6 and 7 again. This time, however,
attach the connector at the end of the ribbon cable to the
horizontally mounted hard disk drive you just installed. (If
necessary, turn the subassembly upside down to make it
easier to connect the cable.)
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-39
Position the power supply cable connector so that the
notched corners on the connector line up with the notched
corners of the power supply socket on your drive.
notched corners
notched corners
Make sure the holes fit over all the pins and then push the
connector onto the pins.
Caution
If you do not correctly align the holes with the pins, you
could severely damage your drive when you push in the
connector.
If you do not need to reinstall a vertically mounted hard disk
drive, see “Replacing the Subassembly” on page B-47.
If you just connected the power supply cable to your
vertically mounted hard disk drive, perform step 8 again to
connect the power supply cable to the drive you just
installed in the horizontal drive bay. Then see “Replacing
the Drive on the Subassembly” on the next page for
instructions on reinstalling the vertically mounted hard disk
drive.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-41
2. As you lower the drive onto the subassembly, guide the long
end of the cable underneath the drive and curl up the short
end behind it. (If you just installed a hard disk drive in the
lower horizontal drive bay, the short end of the cable leads
to that drive.)
- hole
As shown above, fit the tabs on the mounting plate into the
slots on the side of the subassembly. Then tilt the drive
toward the subassembly and align the retaining screw hole
on the mounting plate with the hole in the bracket.
3. Secure the drive to the bracket with the retaining screw.
4. To replace the subassembly, see the instructions on page
B-47.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-43
power supply connector
3. Using a screwdriver, remove the screws securing the drive to
the drive bay. There are two screws on each side, as shown
below.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-45
Replacing the Subassembly
Follow the steps below to replace the subassembly inside your
computer:
1. Notice that there are four mounting slots on the back of the
subassembly: two in the upper corners and two in the lower
corners.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-47
tabs in slots
2. Hold up the front of the subassembly at a slight angle and
arrange the ribbon cables leading from the back of the drives
so they curve underneath the subassembly and toward the
front.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-49
4. Position power supply connector P4 so the large tab on the
connector faces the right side of the computer. Beginning
with the six pins toward the back of the computer, carefully
line up the holes in the connector with the pins in the
socket. Make sure the holes fit over all six pins and then
push the connector onto the pins.
Caution
If you do not correctly align the holes with the pins in the
socket, you could severely damage your computer when
you push in the connector.
5. Connect power supply connector P5 to the remaining six
pins in the socket using the same procedure.
6. Still holding up the subassembly, locate the hard disk drive
and diskette drive ribbon cables. (The hard disk drive cable
is slightly longer than the diskette drive cable.) Look at the
back of each drive to make sure you know which cable is
which.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-51
7. Now connect the hard disk drive cable. As shown below,
there is a tab on one side of the connector, just like the
diskette drive connector. The hard disk drive socket at the
front of the main system board also has a notch on one side.
hard disk drive connector
tab
hard disk drive socket
notch
Align the connector with the socket so the tab on the
connector lines up with the notch in the socket. Make sure
the holes in the connector fit over ail of the pins in the
socket and then push in the connector.
Caution
If you do not correctly align the holes with the pins, you
could severely damage your computer when you push in
the connector.
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-53
Guide the tabs on the front of the subassembly over the
opening in the front of the computer so the two small tabs
sit behind the opening and the large tab with the curved lip
sits over the front of the opening. If necessary, press on the
large tab until the subassembly snaps into place.
9. To replace the front panel, fit the three ridged tabs on its
bottom edge into the three notches on the lower edge of the
computer, as shown below.
notches
Installing and Removing Disk Drives
B-55
Appendix C
Physically Formatting a Hard Disk
This appendix describes how to physically format a hard disk.
Sometimes called a low-level format, this procedure should not
be confused with the logical format performed by the MS-DOS
FORMAT command. The physical formatting of a hard disk is a
separate step that is usually done at the factory by the disk
manufacturer.
If your computer came with a factory-installed hard disk, or if
you have installed an optional Epson hard disk, it has already
been physically formatted. You need only follow the instructions
in the MS-DOS Installation Guide to prepare your hard disk for
use.
If you have installed a hard disk that came with its own format
utility, use that program to physically format the disk.
You may need to use the procedure in this chapter to physically
format a hard disk if either of the following is true:
Your hard disk is producing numerous read/write errors or
you are having other serious problems with it. Sometimes,
after a hard disk has been used for a long time, its data
becomes fragmented, causing the disk to perform less
efficiently or produce errors. You may want to reformat the
disk in this case.
You have installed a non-Epson hard disk in your computer
that has never received the low-level format and did not
come with its own format utility.
Physically formatting a hard disk erases any data it contains. Be
sure to back up all the data on your hard disk to diskettes before
you format it. See your MS-DOS Reference Manual for
instructions on backing up data.
Physically Formatting a Hard Disk
C-1
Caution
If you are unsure if formatting is necessary, contact your
Epson dealer for assistance.
In addition to destroying all the data on the hard disk,
formatting removes any partitions and logical formatting defined
on the disk by FDISK, SELECT, or FORMAT. After you
physically format a new or used hard disk (using option 1 or 2 of
the Hard Disk Format Menu), you need to install MS-DOS.
Follow the instructions in your MS-DOS Installation Guide.
The installation process automatically partitions and formats the
hard disk to prepare it for use. (If you are installing another
operating system, follow the instructions in the documentation
that came with it.)
Choosing the Type of Format
Follow these steps to display the formatting options:
1.
Insert the Reference diskette in drive A.
2. Turn on or reset the computer. The computer automatically
loads MS-DOS and displays the Operation Menu.
3. Press 2 to highlight Format hard disk and press
Enter. The Hard Disk Format Menu appears on the screen:
HARD DISK FORMAT MENU
1 - Format
2 - Destructive surface analysis
3 - Non-destructive surface analysis
0 - Exit
C-2
Physically Formatting a Hard Disk
The formatting options work as follows:
Format first scans the disk (if it has no defective track
table) for defective (bad) tracks and lets you decide which
tracks to mark as bad. Then the program formats the disk
and marks the bad tracks so they are never used to store
data.
Destructive surface analysis tests the entire
disk for read/write errors or unflagged bad tracks and updates
the defective track table. Because this option writes and
reads data on the disk, it destroys all data on any track that
produces an error. You cannot run the Destructive surface
analysis on a disk that has never been formatted.
Non-destructive surface analysis checks
the disk for unflagged bad tracks without destroying data.
You cannot run the Non-destructive surface analysis on a
disk that has never been formatted.
The type of format you choose depends on whether you are
reformatting a disk that has been used or formatting a new disk
for the first time. See the recommendations below.
Reformatting a Used Disk
If you are reformatting a disk you have been using that appears
to be damaged, follow these steps:
1. Use the Non-destructive surface analysis test to check for
unflagged bad tracks.
2. If errors occur during the Non-destructive surface analysis,
back up your hard disk to diskettes. (See your MS-DOS
Reference Manual for instructions on backing up data.)
3. Run the Destructive surface analysis.
Physically Formatting a Hard Disk
C-3
Formatting a New Disk
Many hard disk drives come with a printed list of bad tracks but
the bad tracks are not flagged on the disk. You may need to
modify the defective track table to add the bad tracks. Other
hard disks (such as those supplied by Epson) come with the bad
tracks already flagged. If you are formatting a new hard disk that
has never been formatted, select the l-Format option to
format the disk.
Selecting an Option
When using this program, you often need to select an option
from a menu. There are two ways to do this:
❏ You can use the arrow keys(
option and press Enter.
to highlight the
❏ You can type the number of the option and press Enter.
You can select almost any option that appears on the screen
using either of these two methods.
Starting the Formatting Process
If you have more than one hard disk drive, you see this prompt:
Enter drive number ? (1/2)
Select 1 for the first hard disk or 2 for the second hard disk.
Then see the instructions below for the Hard Disk Format Menu
option you want to use.
C-4
Physically Formatting a Hard Disk
Option 1, Format
If you select 1 -Format from the Hard Disk Format Menu,
you see the following (for a disk that does not have a defective
track table):
Format Hard Disk
< Drive 1: >
Scan hard disk to get defective track
information
? (Y/N)
(If the disk already has a defective track table, you do not see
the message because the disk does not need to be scanned for
bad tracks.)
Select Y to scan the disk or N to skip the scanning process.
If you select Y, the program scans the disk and displays these
messages during the process:
Scanning for flagged bad tracks...
Head : nnn
Cylinder : nnnnn
You see the head and cylinder numbers decrease as the program
progresses. After scanning the disk, the program displays the
results, such as the following:
Scanning finished.
Next you see the following prompt:
Accept recommended skewed sectors in
format
: 1 ? (Y/N)
Physically Formatting a Hard Disk
C-5
For an Epson hard disk drive, it is best to accept the
recommended skewed sector (also called the inteleave factor) of
1. For other hard disk drives, you may need to change this value
if the documentation that came with the disk recommends a
different number.
To accept the default, select Y.
To enter a new value, select N. You see the following prompt:
Enter new skewed sectors in
(l-16):
format
Enter a number from 1 through 16 which equals the maximum
sector number for the drive minus 1. The maximum sector
number varies, depending on the drive type. Then press Enter.
Next you see this prompt:
Accept recommended skewed sectors per
head in format : 0 ? (Y/N)
For an Epson hard disk drive, accept the recommended value
of 0. For another type of drive, use the value recommended in
the documentation for the drive.
To accept the default, select Y.
To enter a new value, select N. You see the following prompt:
Enter new skewed sectors per head
in format (O-16):
Enter a number from 0 through 16 which equals the maximum
sector number for the drive minus 1. The maximum sector
number varies, depending on the drive type. Then press Enter.
C-6
Physically Formatting a Hard Disk
The program now allows you to edit the defective track table:
Cylinder
nnn
Head
Cylinder
Head
Cylinder
Head
Cylinder
Head
Cylinder
Head
nn
Defective Track Table:
Modify defective track table ? (Y/N)
At the bottom of the table is this prompt:
Modify defective track table ? (Y/N)
Select N to leave the table as it is. Then skip the following
section and go on to “Formatting the Disk” on page C-9.
To add bad tracks to the defective track table, see the section
below.
Modifying the Defective Track Table
If you select Y to modify the table, you see the following options
at the bottom of the table:
Defective Track Table : Move box cursor to desired track with cursor key
A = Add track, C = Change track, D = Delete track, F = Finish editing
Enter corm-and :
To add a bad track, follow these steps:
1. Press A. You see this prompt:
Enter cylinder number (1 -nnnn):
Physically Formatting a Hard Disk
C-7
2. Type the number of the cylinder containing the bad track
and press Enter. You see this prompt:
Enter head number (0 -nn):
3. Type the head number for the bad track and press Enter.
To cancel the operation, press Enter without typing a value.
When you complete a valid entry, it appears in the table and
you can add the next bad track, if necessary.
If you make a mistake, move the cursor block to the incorrect
track and press C to alter the track data or press D to remove the
track from the table. Change the track data just as you add a
track.
The maximum valid cylinder number and head number (nnnn
and nn) vary according to the capacity of the hard disk. If you
enter an invalid cylinder or head number, a reminder of the
range of values appears and the program asks you to enter the
value again.
When you finish adding all the bad tracks, press Enter without
typing a value. After you complete editing, check the entries in
the defective track table. When you are sure the table is correct,
press F. The program displays a warning about the consequences
of proceeding with formatting.
C-8
Physically Formatting a Hard Disk
Formatting the Disk
When you are ready to start formatting the disk, you see the
following warning:
WARNING? ALL DATA WILL BE DESTROYED IN
ALL PARTITIONS OF HARD DISK, NOT JUST IN
MS-DOS PARTITION!
Do you want to start formatting ? (Y/N)
If you are not sure you want to format the hard disk, select: N. If
you are sure, select Y; the program gives you one more chance to
cancel:
DOUBLE CHECK THAT YOU HAVE BACKUP
DISKETTE COPIES OF ALL YOUR FILES.
Do y o u w a n t t o e x i t a n d c h e c k y o u r
file copies ? (Y/N)
Select Y to cancel formatting (and check your backups) or N to
continue.
If you continue with formatting, you see:
Format started.
Head : nnn
Cylinder : nnnnn
Physically Formatting a Hard Disk
C-9
You see the head and cylinder numbers decrease as the program
progresses. When formatting is complete, the program flags any
bad tracks and you see a series of messages like these:
Format finished.
Flagging bad tracks...
Cylinder is nnnn, head is nn
Format completed.
Press ENTER to return to the menu.
Press Enter to return to the Hard Disk Format Menu.
Option 2, Destructive Surface Analysis
You can perform a Destructive surface analysis of your hard disk
to accurately locate any bad tracks, and flag any bad tracks that
are not flagged.
Caution
If any errors occur during this check, all data on the track
that produces the error is destroyed. For this reason, if you
think that an unflagged bad track is causing trouble, first run
option 3, Non-destructive surface analysis, to check the disk
surface.
The Destructive surface analysis operates by a complex process
of writing, reading, and verifying information on every track of
the hard disk, except for tracks that are already flagged as bad
tracks.
C-10
Physically Formatting a Hard Disk
To start this test, select 2-Destructive surface
analysis from the Hard Disk Format Menu. You see these
messages:
<Drive 1:>
Analyze Hard Disk
Read/Save/Write/Read/Restore/Read
check for all tracks...
Current cylinder is nnnn
As the program checks each track, it counts the cylinder
numbers (nnnn) down to zero. When the test is complete, the
program displays a report on the status of the disk, including a
table of unflagged tracks that produced write, read errors-such
as the following:
Analysis finished.
No write, read error was detected.
No data was destroyed.
Press ENTER to return to the menu.
If the program finds one bad track that is not flagged, the
summary would show one track with a write, read error. The
report is followed by a table like this:
Write,
Cylinder
237
Head
Cylinder
Read
Head
Error
Cylinder
Tracks
Head
Cylinder
Head
2
Confirm to register the tracks in the Write, Read Error Track
Table as bad tracks.
Do you want to register the error tracks as bad tracks? (Y/N)
Physically Formatting a Hard Disk
C-11
To flag the error tracks as bad, select Y. You see a list of the
tracks as they are flagged and these messages:
Flagging bad tracks...
Cylinder is 237, head is 2
Press ENTER to return to the menu.
Press Enter to return to the Hard Disk Format Menu.
Option 3, Non-destructive Surface Analysis
The Non-destructive surface analysis does not destroy any data,
and you can use it to safely check the condition of your hard
disk drive. However, this test does not flag any bad tracks it
detects.
To start the test, select 3-Non-destructive surface
analysis from the Hard Disk Format Menu. You see these
messages:
Analyze Hard Disk
<Drive 1:>
Read/Verify check for all tracks...
Current cylinder is nnnn
As the program checks each track, it counts the cylinder
numbers down to zero. When the test is complete, the program
displays a report on the status of the disk, such as the following:
Analysis finished.
C-12
Physically Formatting a Hard Disk
If the program finds errors, the screen displays a table of the
tracks that gave errors, similar to the one the Destructive surface
analysis displays.
After the status reports, you see this message:
Press
ENTER
to
return to
the
menu.
Check the information displayed. Then press Enter to return to
the Hard Disk Format Menu.
Exiting the Hard Disk Format Menu
To leave the Hard Disk Format Menu, select 0 -Exit . The
screen displays the Operation Menu.
If you formatted the hard disk with option 1 or 2, you must now
install MS-DOS (or another operating system) on the hard disk
to prepare it for use. Remove the Reference diskette from
drive A and then follow the instructions in your MS-DOS
Installation Guide. The installation process automatically
partitions and formats the hard disk.
If you only ran the Non-destructive surface analysis, remove the
Reference diskette from drive A and press the RESET button to
load MS-DOS.
Physically Formatting a Hard Disk
C-13
C-14
Physically Formatting a Hard Disk
Appendix D
Troubleshooting
You should not encounter any difficulties as you set up and use
your computer, but if anything out of the ordinary happens, refer
to this appendix. You can correct most problems by adjusting a
cable connection, repeating a software procedure, or resetting
the computer.
Besides trying the suggestions in this chapter, you can run
diagnostics checks on the various components of your computer
system. See Appendix E for instructions.
If the suggestions here or in Appendix E do not solve the
problem, contact your authorized Epson dealer. Your dealer may
be able to solve the problem; if not, he or she can refer you to
an Authorized Epson Customer Care Center for service. If
necessary, call the Epson Customer Information Center at
(213) 782-2600 for the location of your nearest Authorized
Epson Customer Care Center.
Identifying Your System
When you contact your dealer or Customer Care Center, be
ready to provide the serial number of your computer, its
configuration (including the type of disk drives, monitor, and
option cards), and the names and version numbers of any
software programs you are using. You can find the serial number
on the computer’s back panel.
If you are able to use MS-DOS, follow the steps below to obtain
your MS-DOS version number and the version number of your
computer’s ROM BIOS.
Troubleshooting
D-1
If you have a hard disk, follow these steps:
1. At the MS-DOS command prompt, type ROMBIOS and
press Enter. (You may need to log onto the directory where
ROMBIOS.COM is stored.) Write down the version
number displayed on your screen.
2. At the MS-DOS command prompt, type VER and press
Enter. The screen displays the MS-DOS version number.
Write down the number so you can give it to your dealer.
If you do not have a hard disk, follow these steps:
1. Insert the Reference diskette in drive A and turn on or reset
your computer.
2. At the Operation Menu, select Exit to MS-DOS
for more utilities and press Enter.
3. At the A> prompt, type ROMBIOS and press Enter. Write
down the version number displayed on your screen.
4. Remove the Reference diskette and insert your Startup
diskette in drive A. Type VER and press Enter. The screen
displays the MS-DOS version number. Write down the
number so you can give it to your dealer.
Error Messages
Your computer’s built-in memory (ROM) contains a series of
diagnostics programs, called power-on diagnostics, which your
computer runs automatically every time you turn it on. These
programs check internal devices such as ROM, RAM, the timer,
the keyboard controller, and the hard disk drive. The RAM test
program displays the total amount of memory currently installed
in your system. If the computer finds an error, it displays a
specific error number and error message on the screen.
D-2 Troubleshooting
If the error is not serious, you see this prompt:
(Resume = “Fl” key)
Write down the error message and code number, and then press
F1 to continue. Give the error message and code number to
your dealer when reporting a problem.
If the error is serious, the computer cancels further checking and
halts system initialization. The error message remains on the
screen and the computer locks up. If this happens, contact your
dealer as soon as possible. Report this information and both the
error message and code number to your dealer.
The following table lists all the error codes and messages that
may appear during power-on diagnostics checks. If you receive
an error message, look it up in the table below. It directs you to
the proper troubleshooting section in this appendix. If you do
not see an error message, read the section that covers your
problem.
Power-cm diagnostics error codes and messages
Action
Error code
Message
System board
101
102
103
105
106
107
108
System
System
System
System
System
System
System
Real-time clock
161
162
System options not set
System options not set
board
board
board
board
board
board
board
error
error
error
error
error
error
error
163
Time and date not set
164
Memory size error
Contact dealer
Contact dealer
Run Setup; see
Chapter 2
Run Setup; see
Chapter 2
Run Setup; see
Chapter 7
Troubleshooting D-3
Power-on diagnostics error codes and messages (continued)
Error code
Message
Action
Memory
171
173
Bios shadow RAM error
Cache options error
Contact dealer
Run Setup; see
Chapter 2
201
202
203
Memory error
Memory address error
Memory address error
Keyboard
301
303
304
Keyboard error
Keyboard or system unit error
Keyboard or system unit error
See “Keyboard
Problems”
Monitor
401
501
CRT error
CRT error
See “Monitor
Problems”
Diskette drive(s) and controller
601
Diskette error
Parallel port (printer interface)
901
Parallel port error
Serial port (RS-232C port)
1101
Serial port error
Hard disk drive(s) and controller
1760
Disk 0 parameter failure
1761
Disk 1 parameter failure
1770
Disk 0 parameter error
1771
Disk 1 parameter error
1780
Disk 0 failure
1781
Disk 1 failure
1782
Disk controller failure
1790
Disk 0 error
1791
Disk 1 error
D-4 Troubleshooting
See “Diskette
Problems” or
“Diskette Drive
Problems”
See “Printer
Problems”
See “Printer
Problems”
See “Hard Disk
Drive Problems”
Power-on diagnostics error codes and messages (continued)
Error code
Message
Auxiliary device(s)
Auxiliary device failure
8601
Auxiliary device failure
8602
Auxiliary device failure
8603
Action
See “Mouse
Problems”
The Computer Won’t Start
If your computer does not start when you turn on the power,
check the following:
1. Is the power light on? If not, remove any diskettes and turn
off the power. Check that the power cord is securely
connected to both the AC inlet on the back panel and an
electrical outlet. Replace the Startup or Reference diskette,
if necessary, and turn on the computer again.
Caution
If you turn off the computer for any reason, always wait at
least five seconds before turning it back on, You can
damage the computer if you turn it off and on rapidly.
2. If the power light still does not come on, check the
electrical outlet for power. Turn off your computer and
unplug the power cord from the wall outlet. Plug a lamp into
the outlet, and turn it on to see if the outlet supplies power.
3. If the electrical outlet is working and all the connections are
secure but your computer still won’t start, call your dealer.
Note
If the computer starts but you can’t see anything on the
screen, see “Monitor Problems,” below.
Troubleshooting D-5
The Computer Does Not Respond
If your computer locks up and does not respond when you type
on the keyboard, follow these steps:
1. Some operations take longer than others to complete. For
example, the computer takes longer to sort a database than
to accept a single typed character. If your computer still does
not respond after a reasonable length of time, proceed to the
next step.
2. Your computer may take a long time to complete its poweron diagnostics if you have just made a change in your
system’s configuration. The first time you turn on your
computer after making such a change, it can take up to five
minutes to finish its self test, depending on what you
changed. If the computer does not display the MS-DOS
prompt after five minutes, press the RESET button and try
again. If that doesn’t work, insert the Reference diskette in
drive A and press the RESET button. If the computer still
does not boot, contact your Epson dealer.
3.
Did you enter the correct password? See “Password
Problems,” below.
4. Could your software be causing the problem? If you are
running an application program, see “Software Problems,”
later in this appendix.
5. The problem could be caused by your keyboard. See
“Keyboard Problems,” later in this appendix. If your
keyboard is operating properly, proceed to the next step.
6. If you want to stop whatever the computer is doing and
return to the MS-DOS command prompt, hold down the
Ctrl key and press Break (or press C). See Chapter 3 for
more information on stopping a command or program.
D-6 Troubleshooting
7. If your computer still does not respond, you can reset it using
the Ctrl Alt Del command. If that command doesn’t work,
you can reset the computer with the RESET button. See
“Resetting Your Computer” in Chapter 3 for more
information.
8. If resetting the computer does not work, turn off the
computer and wait at least five seconds. If you do not have a
hard disk drive, insert the Startup diskette in drive A. Then
turn on the computer. It should load MS-DOS.
9. If you installed an EGA or VGA display adapter card, or
another type of card that you want to be the primary display
adapter, you must set jumper JP14 to disable the built-in
VGA adapter. Otherwise, you will not see any display on
the screen. See “Changing the Jumper Settings” in Chapter
5 for instructions.
If you are using one or more display adapter cards, you may
also need to change the setting of jumper JP12. This jumper
tells the computer whether you are using a color or
monochrome monitor. (JP12 is set for color at the factory.)
If the jumper is set incorrectly, you see one of these
messages:
❏ 401
CRT error
❏ 501
CRT error.
If you are using two different types of video cards, set jumper
JP12 to the primary monitor type. You may also need to
change the setting later if you change the type of monitor
you are using. See “Changing the Jumper Settings” in
Chapter 5 for instructions.
Troubleshooting D-7
Password Problems
If you set a power-on password using the Setup program, you
must enter this password before you can use the system. When
you turn on the computer, the screen displays a key prompt
If you do not enter the correct password, you see an X
on the screen. The computer gives you a second and third
chance to enter it correctly. If after three tries you have not
entered the correct password, the computer locks up and does
not respond to your keyboard entries.
Note
If you enabled network server mode when you set a password,
you do not see the key prompt. For more information, see
“Using Your Computer as a Network Server” in Chapter 4.
If you have any trouble using your password, try the following:
1. If you think you know the correct password, reset the
computer and try again. See Chapter 3 for instructions.
2. If you know the current power-on password but you want to
change or delete it, see Chapter 3 for instructions. (You
cannot change or delete a power-on password and remain in
network server mode.)
3.
If you entered a password and then saw the following
message, you need to change a jumper setting inside the
computer:
TURN OFF POWER AND CORRECT JUMPER
SETTING TO ENABLE PASSWORD CHECKING
Remove any diskettes, turn off the computer, and follow the
instructions under “Changing the Jumper Settings” in
Chapter 5 to enable the password function by setting jumper
JP13 to position B.
D-8 Troubleshooting
4. If you do not know the current power-on password and you
do not want to set a new one, see “Removing a Password”
below.
5. If you do not know the current power-on password and you
want to set a new one, see “Setting a New Password” below.
Removing a Password
If you have forgotten your password and you do not want to set a
new one, there are two ways to remove the current password:
❏ Disable the existing password
❏ Disable the password function.
To do either of these procedures, you must reset a jumper on the
main system board.
Note
If you are using network server mode and you remove the
password, the computer automatically turns off network
server mode.
You should disable the existing password if you want to be able
to set a new password later without having to reset a jumper
again. See “Disabling an existing password,” below, for
instructions.
If you disable the password function, you cannot set a new
password unless you perform the steps to disable the existing
password at that time. If you do not want to use a password
anymore, follow the instructions under “Disabling the password
function” below.
Troubleshooting D-9
Disabling an existing password
If you do not know your power-on password and do not want to
set a new one, follow these steps to disable the existing
password:
1. Turn off the computer and follow the instructions under
“Changing the Jumper Settings” in Chapter 5 to disable the
password function by setting jumper JP13 to position A.
2. Insert the Reference diskette in drive A and turn on the
computer. You do not see the key prompt.
3. When the Operation Menu appears, highlight Set up
and press Enter. Then see “Setting the Power-on Password”
in Chapter 2 and follow the instructions as if you are going
to enter a new password. However, when you see the prompt
to enter a password, press Enter immediately. This clears out
the existing password.
Be sure to save the password setting and highlight
* * EXIT AND SAVE * * when you leave Setup.
4. Remove the Reference diskette, turn off the computer, and
follow the instructions under “Changing the Jumper
Settings” in Chapter 5 to enable the password function by
setting jumper JP13 to position A.
5. If you do not have a hard disk, insert the Startup diskette in
drive A. Turn on the computer again. You do not see the
key prompt and the computer loads MS-DOS.
Later, if you want to create a power-on password, run Setup and
enter a password. The jumper is already in the correct position.
D-10 Troubleshooting
Disabling the password function
If you do not want to use a power-on password anymore, you can
disable the password function. However, if you want to use the
password function later, your old password is still stored as the
current password. If you want to be able to easily set a password
later, follow the instructions in “Disabling an Existing
Password,” above.
To disable the password function, follow the instructions under
“Changing the Jumper Settings” in Chapter 5 to change the
setting of jumper JP13 to position A.
Setting a New Password
If you have forgotten your current power-on password and want
to set a new one, follow these steps:
1. Turn off the computer and follow the instructions under
“Changing the Jumper Settings” in Chapter 5 to disable the
password function by setting jumper JP13 to position A.
2. Insert the Reference diskette in drive A and turn on the
computer. You do not see the key prompt.
3. When the Operation Menu appears, highlight Setup
and press Enter. Then follow the instructions under
“Setting the Power-on Password” in Chapter 2 to enter a
new password. (If you want to enable network server mode,
highlight Network Server Mode and press Enter
to turn on the function.)
Be sure to save your password setting and highlight
** EXIT AND SAVE * * when you leave Setup.
4. After you exit Setup, you see this message:
TURN OFF POWER AND CORRECT JUMPER
SETTING TO ENABLE PASSWORD CHECKING
Troubleshooting
D-11
5. Remove the Reference diskette, turn off the computer, and
follow the instructions under “Changing the Jumper
Settings” in Chapter 5 to enable the password function by
setting jumper JP13 to position B.
6. If you do not have a hard disk, insert the Startup diskette in
drive A. Turn on the computer. You see the key prompt
If you enabled network server mode, you do not see
the key prompt. Enter your new password to access the
system. (See “Using the Power-on Password” in Chapter 3 or
“Using a Password in Network Server Mode” in
Chapter 4.)
Note
Be sure to remember your new password or write it down and
keep it in a safe place. If you forget the password you enter
now, you may have to repeat the procedure above the next
time you turn on your computer.
Keyboard Problems
If you are having trouble with the keyboard, check the
following:
1. If the screen displays one of the following keyboard errors
when you turn on or reset the computer, make sure the
keyboard is securely connected to the computer:
❏ 301 Keyboard error
❏ 303
Keyboard or system unit error
❏ 304
Keyboard or system unit error.
See “Connecting the Keyboard” in Chapter 1 for
instructions.
D-12
Troubleshooting
2. If the cursor keys do not work properly, the num lock
function may be on. When num lock is on, the numeric/
arrow keys on the numeric keypad work only as numbers.
Check to see if the Num Lock indicator in the upper right
corner of the keyboard is lit; if it is, press the Num Lock key
to turn off the function.
If you want to change the initial setting of the num lock
function when you turn on the computer, see “Using the
Keyboard and Speaker Options” in Chapter 2.
3.
If nothing happens when you type on the keyboard, see
“The Computer Does Not Respond,” above.
Monitor Problems
For monitor problems, check the following:
1. If there is no display on the screen, check that the monitor’s
power switch is on and that the power light on the monitor
is lit. If the power light is on but you still do not see
anything on the screen, check the monitor’s brightness and
contrast controls.
2. Did you run the SNOOZE utility? Your screen may be just
temporarily blank. Press any key to display the current image
(or activity). If you still see nothing, see the instructions for
using the SNOOZE program in Appendix A.
3. If the power switch is on but the power light is not, turn off
the monitor’s power, wait five seconds, and turn the power
back on. Wait to see if the screen displays any text.
4. If the monitor’s power light still does not come on, check
the electrical outlet for power. Turn off your monitor and
unplug it from the wall outlet. Plug a lamp into the wall
outlet and turn it on to see if the outlet supplies power.
Troubleshooting
D-13
5. If you still do not see anything on the screen, make sure your
monitor is connected to the computer properly. See
“Connecting a Monitor” in Chapter 1 for more details. Also
check the monitor manual for instructions on how to
connect it to the computer.
6. Make sure your monitor and display adapter match, and, if
you installed a display adapter card, be sure any switches or
jumpers on the card are set properly. See “Connecting a
Monitor” in Chapter 1 and the documentation that came
with your monitor and display adapter card for instructions.
7.
Be sure you have chosen the correct display adapter type in
the Setup program. See “Setting the Display Adapter Type”
in Chapter 2.
8. If you are running an application program, see if you need to
set up the program for the type of monitor and display
adapter you have. Also make sure you are using the
appropriate monitor and display adapter for your software.
Note
If your application program requires a monitor that
supports graphics but you have a monochrome monitor,
the results will be unpredictable.
9. If you installed an EGA or VGA display adapter card, or
another type of card that you want to be the primary display
adapter, you must set jumper JP14 to disable the built-in
VGA adapter. Otherwise, you will not see any display on
the screen. See “Changing the Jumper Settings” in Chapter
5 for instructions.
If you are using one or more display adapter cards, you may
need to change the setting of jumper JP12. This jumper tells
the computer whether you are using a color or monochrome
monitor. (JP12 is set for color at the factory.)
D-14
Troubleshooting
If the jumper is set incorrectly, you will see one of these
messages:
401 CRT error
501 CRT error.
If you are using two different types of video cards, set jumper
JP12 to the primary monitor type. You may also need to
change the setting later if you change the type of monitor
you are using. See “Changing the Jumper Settings” in
Chapter 5 for instructions.
10. If you are still having difficulty with your monitor, run
either the Monochrome Display Adapter and CRT check
or the Color Graphics Adapter and CRT check, described in
Appendix E. If the diagnostics program indicates an error,
contact the place where you bought the monitor.
Diskette Problems
You may see the following message if you are having trouble
with a diskette or your diskette drive:
601 Diskette error
If you see this message or have trouble accessing data on a
diskette, try the following steps:
1. Did you turn down the diskette drive latch on a 5¼-inch
drive to secure the diskette in the drive? See Chapter 3 for
more information.
2. You may have inserted the diskette upside-down or it may
not be inserted all the way. Remove the diskette from the
drive and reinsert it with the label facing up. Be sure to turn
down the diskette drive latch. (See Chapter 3 for detailed
instructions on inserting and removing diskettes.)
Troubleshooting
D-15
3. If reinserting the diskette does not solve the problem and
you have access to another diskette drive of the same type,
place the diskette in the other drive and repeat the
operation. If this works, the trouble may be in your diskette
drive. See “Diskette Drive Problems,” below.
4. Check to see if you have inserted the right type of diskette.
Follow these guidelines:
In a 1.2MB drive, use 5¼-inch, double-sided, highdensity, 96 TPI diskettes. You can also use a 360KB
diskette, but if you write to it in this drive, you may
have trouble using it in a 360KB drive later.
In a 1.44MB drive, use 3½-inch, double-sided, highdensity, 135 TPI diskettes. This type of drive can also
read and write to 720KB diskettes.
In a 360KB drive, use 5¼-inch, double-sided, doubledensity, 48 TPI diskettes. You cannot use 1.2MB
diskettes in this drive.
In a 720KB drive, use 3½-inch, double-sided, doubledensity, 135 TPI diskettes. You cannot use 1.44MB
diskettes in this drive.
See “Types of Diskette Drives” in Chapter 3 for more
information.
5. If your diskette is the right type for your drive, see if it is
write-protected. On a 5¼-inch diskette, there may be a
write-protect tab over the notch on its side or there may be
no notch. On a 3½-inch diskette, the write-protect switch
may be set to the write-protect position or there may be no
switch. You cannot alter data on a write-protected diskette.
(Some application programs do not function properly if the
diskette is write-protected. Check the program manual.)
See Chapter 3 for more information.
D-16 Troubleshooting
6. Is the diskette formatted? A new diskette must be formatted
before you can store data on it. See your MS-DOS
Reference Manual for instructions on formatting diskettes.
7. You may have entered an incorrect diskette drive type when
you ran the Setup program. Run the Setup program again to
check the setting. See Chapter 2 for instructions.
8. Did you receive one of the following MS-DOS error
messages?
❏ Disk Drive Error: Abort, Ignore, Retry?
❏ Disk error reading drive d:
❏ Disk error writing drive d:
If you see one of these messages, make sure the diskette is
properly inserted in the drive. On a 5¼-inch diskette drive,
make sure the drive latch is closed. Try the operation again.
If the problem persists, try removing the diskette and
reinserting it. This may solve the problem if the diskette was
not seated properly in the drive.
If the error message still occurs, you may have a defective
diskette. Use the MS-DOS COPY command to copy the
files from the bad diskette to a new diskette. (See your
MS-DOS Reference Manual for instructions.)
9. If you see no error messages but there is something wrong
with the data in a file, MS-DOS or an application program
may have updated the storage information on the diskette
incorrectly. This is probably the case if you have one of
these problems:
❏ Part of a file is missing
❏ A file includes parts of other files
❏ An expected output file is missing.
Troubleshooting
D-17
To make the necessary repairs, use the MS-DOS program
CHKDSK. See your MS-DOS Reference Manual for
instructions.
Diskette Drive Problems
You may see the following message if you are having trouble
with a diskette or your diskette drive:
601 Diskette error
If you see this message or have difficulty with a diskette drive,
follow these steps:
1. Try running the Diskette Drives and Controller Check
described in Appendix E. If the diagnostics program
indicates an error, consult your Epson dealer.
2. If the diskette drive is making loud noises, do not attempt
any further examination of it. Contact your Epson dealer.
Note
Diskette drives may make different sounds with different
diskettes.
3. If your diskette drive read/write heads are dirty, you may
occasionally see this MS-DOS error message:
Error Reading Drive
d:
Abort, Retry, or Fail?
To clean the read/write heads, use a diskette drive head
cleaning kit, available in most computer stores. However, do
not use a cleaning kit too often because excessive cleaning
can damage your drive heads.
D-18 Troubleshooting
Hard Disk Problems
If you are having problems with the hard disk in your computer,
you may see one of the following error messages:
❏ 1760
Disk 0 parameter failure
❏ 1761
Disk 1 parameter failure
❏ 1770
Disk 0 parameter error
❏ 1771
Disk 1 parameter error
❏ 1780 Disk 0 failure
❏ 1781 Disk 1 failure
❏ 1782 Disk controller failure
❏ 1790 Disk 0 error
❏ 1791 Disk 1 error.
Try the following steps:
1. Be sure you have installed MS-DOS on the hard disk as
described in the MS-DOS Installation Guide.
2. Did you enter an incorrect hard disk drive type when you
ran the Setup program? Check the hard disk drive type table
in Chapter 2 for a list of the types available. If you entered
user-defined parameters to configure your hard disk, see the
documentation that came with your hard disk to ensure that
you use the correct parameters.
3.
If you have installed MS-DOS on the hard disk but it does
not load MS-DOS when you turn on the computer, it may
be missing one of the MS-DOS system files. Turn off your
computer and insert your Startup diskette into drive A.
Then turn on your computer again.
Troubleshooting
D-19
Type C : and press Enter to log onto the hard disk. If this
works, the next step is to make sure the COMMAND.COM
file is in the root directory of the hard disk. Type DIR and
press Enter.
If COMMAND.COM is in the root directory, use the
MS-DOS COMPARE command to compare the
COMMAND.COM file on your diskette with the
COMMAND.COM file on the hard disk. (See your
MS-DOS Reference Manual for instructions on using
COMPARE.) If the files do not match, use the COPY
command to replace the file on the hard disk with the file
on your diskette. Type the following and press Enter:
COPY A:COMMAND.COM C:
Remove the Startup diskette and press the RESET button to
reset the computer. If the computer loads MS-DOS from the
hard disk, you may have corrected the problem.
4. If the hard disk still does not work, the root directory of your
hard disk may be missing some hidden system files. (Hidden
files are not listed when you use the DIR command.)
Insert the Startup diskette and type A : to log onto
drive A. Then type the following and press Enter to copy
the hidden system files from your Startup diskette to the
root directory of the hard disk:
SYS c:
Remove the Startup diskette and reset the computer to see if
it loads MS-DOS from the hard disk.
5. If you can load MS-DOS from your Startup diskette but you
cannot access data stored on your hard disk, you may have
accidentally repartitioned or reformatted part or all of the
disk.
D-20 Troubleshooting
Use the Display Partition Information option of the FDISK
program to see if your hard disk has an active (bootable)
DOS partition on it. (See the MS-DOS Reference Manual
for instructions on using FDISK.) If it does not, back up all
your hard disk files and then reinstall MS-DOS on the hard
disk. See your MS-DOS Installation Guide for instructions.
If the disk does have an active DOS partition, back up all
your files and then try reformatting the disk using SELECT.
See your MS-DOS Installation Guide for instructions.
Caution
Reformatting destroys all the data currently on your hard
disk, so do this only after careful consideration and after
trying the preceding step.
6. If your hard disk is producing a lot of read/write errors or you
are having other serious problems with it, try running the
Hard Disk Drive and Controller diagnostics check, described
in Appendix E. If the program indicates an error, contact
your Epson dealer.
7. If you have been using your hard disk for a long time and
begin to see numerous read/write errors, the magnetic signals
on the disk may be getting weak. If this is the case, you may
need to reformat the hard disk. If you decide to do this,
follow these steps:
❏ Back up all the data on the disk using COPY, XCOPY,
or BACKUP (described in the MS-DOS Reference
Manual).
❏ Follow the instructions in Appendix C to perform a
low-level (physical) format.
❏ Follow the instructions in the MS-DOS Installation
Guide to install MS-DOS on the hard disk.
Troubleshooting
D-21
9. If your computer came with a hard disk drive that you are no
longer using, be sure the cable leading from that drive to the
main system board and the hard disk drive power cable are
disconnected.
Software Problems
If you are having trouble with an application program, try the
following solutions:
1. If the application program does not start, check that you are
following the correct procedure for starting the program, and
that it is installed correctly. If you have a hard disk and the
program is stored in a directory on that drive, make sure you
are logged onto or specifying the correct directory. If you
don’t have a hard disk, make sure you have inserted the
application program diskette in the top drive (usually
drive A).
2. Your computer can run at either high speed (25 MHz) or
low speed (simulated 8 MHz). While almost all programs
work properly at the faster speed, some must run at the
slower speed. Check your software manual to see if this is
the case, and change the processor speed if necessary. See
“Changing the Processor Speed” in Chapter 4 for
instructions and for information on accommodating copyprotected programs.
D-22 Troubleshooting
3.
If you have entered an MS-DOS command that you want to
stop, there are special key combinations you can type to tell
MS-DOS to stop what it is doing. These methods may also
work in your application programs.
To interrupt an MS-DOS command while it is executing,
try one of the following commands:
❏ Hold down the Ctrl key and press C
❏ Hold down the Ctrl key and press Break.
4. An application program can occasionally lock the computer,
making it unresponsive to the keyboard. If your computer
does not respond when you type on the keyboard, you can
reset it. Follow the instructions in Chapter 3.
Printer Problems
Below are some general steps to follow if you are having
difficulty with your printer. If the problem persists and you need
more detailed information, check your printer manual. You may
see one of the following error messages:
❏ 901
Parallel port error
❏ 1101 Serial port error.
These error messages appear if you are having trouble with the
port to which your printer is connected. If it is connected to the
parallel port, you may see error number 901; if your printer uses
the serial port, you may see error number 1101.
1. If your printer does not work correctly immediately after you
install it, check that the printer has power and is properly
connected to the computer. (Also, make sure your printer
has paper in it.) See Chapter 1 or your printer manual for
instructions.
Troubleshooting
D-23
2. Check the printer manual for the printer’s correct DIP
switch or control panel settings. These settings help a
printer communicate properly with the computer.
3.
If you are using more than one parallel port or more than
one serial port, the computer must know which port is the
primary port and which is the secondary port. See Chapter 2
for instructions on how to set the parallel and serial ports
using the Setup program.
4. If your printer is properly set up but is still not functioning,
test it from the MS-DOS level. When the screen displays
the MS-DOS command prompt (such as C> or A>), hold
down Shift and press Print Screen. This should print the
contents of the screen on your printer.
If it does not, you may need to change the internal setting of
the computer’s parallel port for a parallel printer (or serial
port for a serial printer). To do this, use the MS-DOS
MODE command or the MENU utility. See your printer
manual and the MS-DOS Reference Manual for more
details.
5. Many application programs (such as word processors) must
be set up properly before they can use a printer. Check your
program manual to see what customizing may be required.
6. Try running the Parallel Port (Printer Interface) check if
you have a parallel printer, or the Serial Port (RS-232C)
check if you have a serial printer. Appendix E describes
these diagnostics checks. If the diagnostics test indicates an
error, contact the place where you bought the printer.
D-24 Troubleshooting
Option Card Problems
If you install an option card and it is not functioning properly,
check the following:
1. Is the option card installed correctly? The most common
problem with option cards is a loose connection. Make sure
the option card is well-seated in its slot. Check the
installation procedure described in Chapter 5 and also see
the instructions that come with the option card.
2. Did you set the necessary DIP switches or jumpers on the
option card? See your option card manual for instructions.
3. Did you set the necessary jumpers on the main system board?
See Chapter 5 for more information.
4. Did you run the Setup program to redefine your computer’s
configuration after installing the card? See Chapter 2.
5. Did you install a hard disk drive that has its controller on an
option card? If so, and if your computer came with a hard
disk drive that you are no longer using, be sure the cable
leading from that drive to the main system board and the
hard disk drive power cable are disconnected.
6. Did you install a network option card in your computer?
Some network option cards require your computer to
generate an early input/output ready signal to operate
properly. If you are having trouble using your network card,
set jumper JPl on the main system board to position A to
enable the early input/output ready signal. Then try using
the network card again. If it still does not operate correctly,
contact your dealer.
7. If you used the option card to add an external device to your
computer, did you use the proper cable to connect the
device to the option card connector on the back panel?
Troubleshooting
D-25
8. Did you perform the correct setup procedures for the
software you are using with the option card? If necessary, see
your software manual for instructions on running the
software setup procedure.
Mouse Problems
If you are having a problem with your mouse, you may see one of
the following error messages:
❏ 8601 Auxiliary device failure
❏ 8602 Auxiliary device failure
❏ 8603 Auxiliary device failure.
If you see one of these messages, check the following:
❏ Be sure that the mouse cable is securely connected to the
mouse port and not the keyboard port. See Chapter 1 for
more information.
❏ If you installed a mouse on an option card, be sure to set
jumpers JP11 and JP12 to disable the built-in mouse and
enable the mouse on the card. See Chapter 5 for
instructions.
If you are controlling your mouse with the Microsoft mouse
driver, version 7.0, and the cursor is not operating properly
within a program, you may need to install the MOUSE7PT.EXE
program, described below. For example, the cursor may freeze or
move incorrectly when you use the AutoCAD program.
D-26 Troubleshooting
Using
the
MOUSE7PT.EXE Program
The MOUSE7PT.EXE program creates an additional mouse
driver which you can then load for any program that has trouble
controlling the cursor. Your original mouse driver remains
unchanged.
Note
If you are using Microsoft Windows 3.0, you do not need to
install this program to patch the mouse driver; Windows 3.0
automatically creates a new driver for you.
Follow these steps to install and run MOUSE7PT.EXE:
1. Identify the disk and directory where the current
MOUSE.COM file is stored.
2. Insert your Reference diskette in drive A.
3. Use the COPY command to copy MOUSE7PT.EXE from
your Reference diskette to the directory on your hard disk
that contains the MOUSE.COM file. (See your MS-DOS
Reference Manual for instructions on using the COPY
command.)
4. Log onto the directory that contains the MOUSE7PT.EXE
and MOUSECOM files.
5. Type the following and press Enter to run the program:
MOUSE7PT MOUSE.COM newmouse.COM
(where newmouse. COM is the name you give the new
driver file.)
This command creates a new mouse driver that has been
modified to eliminate the cursor problem. When you name the
new driver, be sure to make the extension .COM.
Troubleshooting
D-27
If you have included the file MOUSE.SYS in your
CONFIG.SYS file, repeat step 5 to modify the .SYS file as well.
Just substitute .SYS for .COM in the instructions.
When you are going to use the program with which you had the
mouse problem, you need to load the new mouse driver into the
computer’s memory. There are two ways to do this:
❏ Type the name of the new mouse driver at the MS-DOS
command prompt and then start the program.
❏ Modify your AUTOEXECBAT file (or another batch file)
to include the name of the new mouse driver. See your
MS-DOS Reference Manual for instructions.
Note
If you have already loaded the original mouse driver, reset the
computer before you load the new one.
Memory Module Problems
If you added extra memory to your system by installing SIMMs
and that memory is not operating properly, check the following:
1. Check to make sure that you set the memory configuration
jumpers correctly and that they match your current SIMM
configuration. See Chapter 5 for instructions on setting
jumpers JP4 through JP8.
2. If the jumpers are set correctly but the memory count
displayed by the power-on diagnostics program is incorrect,
you or your dealer may not have installed the SIMMs
correctly. They may be installed in the wrong sockets, they
may be the wrong type of SIMM, or they may not be
inserted all the way into their sockets. (Keep in mind that
the memory count does not include the 384KB of memory
between 640KB and 1MB.)
D-28
Troubleshooting
If your dealer installed SIMMs for you, contact your dealer;
do not attempt to correct the problem yourself. If you
installed the SIMMs, see “Adding Memory Modules” in
Chapter 5 and make sure you have followed all the necessary
instructions.
3. Be sure to run the Setup program after you install or remove
memory modules to automatically update your memory
configuration. See Chapter 2 for instructions.
4. If you are still having trouble with your SIMMs, write down
any error messages that appear and contact your dealer.
Math Coprocessor Problems
If your math coprocessor does not seem to be operating properly,
check the following:
1. Run the Setup program on your Reference diskette and
check to make sure that the math coprocessor is listed as
installed on the Exit display. If it is listed as not
insta11ed, you or your dealer may have installed the
math coprocessor incorrectly. See Chapters 2 and 5 for more
information.
Caution
Do not attempt to remove the math coprocessor yourself.
Contact your dealer for information about a special
extraction tool that is needed to remove it.
2. If your math coprocessor is listed as installed in the
Setup program but still does not seem to be working, check
the manual that came with the math coprocessor for any
additional procedures you may need to perform or any
troubleshooting information.
Troubleshooting
D-29
3. If you are still having trouble with your math coprocessor,
test it by running the System diagnostics program on your
Reference diskette. See Appendix E for instructions. If your
math coprocessor came with its own diagnostic program,
check the documentation that came with it and run those
tests also.
D-30 Troubleshooting
Appendix E
Performing System Diagnostics
This appendix describes how to check the operation of the main
unit and peripheral devices of your computer. You check these
devices using the diagnostics program on your Reference
diskette.
Run the diagnostics program if you are not sure whether a device
is performing correctly. The table at the end of this appendix
lists the error messages you may see during testing.
You can test the following devices, each of which is identified by
specific reference numbers:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
11
12
14
17
21
81
-
System board
Memory
Keyboard
Monochrome display adapter and CRT
Color graphics adapter and CRT
Diskette drives and controller
Math coprocessor
Parallel port (printer interface)
Serial port (RS-232C port)
Alternate serial port
Dot-matrix printer
Hard disk drives and controller
Alternate parallel port
Parallel port (on video adapter)
Performing System Diagnostics
E-1
Starting System Diagnostics
To run the System diagnostics program, you must turn on or
reset your computer with the Reference diskette in drive A. If
you start this program in any other way, some tests may produce
strange results.
To start the System diagnostics program, follow these steps:
1. Insert the Reference diskette in drive A.
2. Turn on or reset the computer. The Operation Menu
appears.
3.
If the Num Lock indicator is illuminated, press Num Lock
to turn off the function.
4. Press 3 or use 1 to select System diagnostics and
then press Enter.
When you start the System diagnostics program, the computer
checks any peripheral devices that are connected to the system.
Then you see a list of the devices available for testing. This list
includes only the devices that are part of your system, such as
: following, for example:
E-2
Performing System Diagnostics
If the list correctly describes your system, make sure Y is
highlighted and press Enter. If a device is missing from this list,
or if you want to change the list, press N or
and Enter. Then
see “Modifying the Device List” on page E-5.
Note
If your system uses the built-in VGA adapter or an EGA or
VGA card with a color monitor, your device list should
include item 5, Color graphics adapter and CRT. If your
system uses the built-in VGA adapter or an EGA or VGA
card with a monochrome monitor, your device list should
include item 4, Monochrome display adapter and CRT.
After you confirm the Device List, you can test only those items.
If you decide later that you need to add a device, you must
return to the Operation Menu and reselect System
diagnostics.
Note
After you have installed MS-DOS, you should always boot
the computer from your hard disk or from the Startup diskette
to use MS-DOS. When you are finished running system
diagnostics, remove the Reference diskette from drive A.
If you do not have a hard disk, insert the Startup diskette.
Then reset your computer to make sure it performs all the
commands in the CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT files.
Performing System Diagnostics
E-3
Selecting an Option
When you are using the System diagnostics program, you often
need to select an option from a menu. There are two ways to do
this:
to highlight the
❏ You can use the arrow keys
option you want and then press Enter to select it.
❏ You can type the number of the desired option and press
Enter to select it.
For example, you may see this menu:
1 - Run test one time
2 - Run test multiple times
0 - Exit
Suppose the first option is highlighted. If you want to select that
option, just press Enter (because it is already highlighted). If you
want to select option 2, you can either press 1 or 2; this causes
the cursor block to move to that option. Then press Enter to
select it.
Note
You can press ESC any time you want to leave the menu
currently displayed and return to the previous one.
E-4
Performing System Diagnostics
Modifying the Device List
If an installed device is missing from the Device List, you must
add it to the list and test it carefully. At the following prompt,
select N.
DEVICE
LIST
is correct ? (Y/N)
You see this menu:
To add a device to the list, select 1. The program displays a list
of other devices that are not currently included in the Device
List. You see a menu similar to this:
Additional
4
7
12
21
81
-
DEVICE
LIST
Monochrome display adapter and CRT
Math coprocessor
Alternate serial port
Alternate parallel port
Parallel port (on video adapter)
0 - Exit to DEVICE LIST
I
Highlight the item you wish to add and press Enter.
You can add as many devices as necessary. When the Device
List is complete, select 0 (Exit).
Performing System Diagnostics
E-5
To remove a device from the list, select 2 (Delete device). The
screen displays the current Device List.
Select the item you wish to delete. You can delete as many
devices as necessary.
When the Device List is correct, select 0. The screen displays
the modified Device List for a final check and these options:
If the list is correct, select 0. You are now ready to select a test.
Selecting a Test
From the Device List, select the device you wish to test. Before
the test begins, you are asked how many times to perform the
test. You see this menu:
E-6
Performing System Diagnostics
You can specify that the test be performed one time only or any
number of times in the range from 1 to 9999. Running a test
multiple times is for reliability testing of essential functions only;
in most cases, running a test only once is sufficient.
To perform the test once, select 1. The program may display a
submenu of more detailed tests for the device you are checking.
To perform the test multiple times, select 2. You see this
prompt:
Terminate checking if an error
detected ? (Y/N)
Select Y to terminate checking if the device produces an error,
or N to repeat the tests regardless of an error. You see this
prompt:
Repeat times (l-9999) ? 1
To perform the test once, press Enter.
If you wish to run the tests more than once, type the number of
times and press Enter.
For some devices, the computer does not display a submenu of
tests to choose from. Instead, it performs all the tests that do not
require you to enter a response. If you chose to test the device
more than once, the computer runs all the tests and then repeats
them in the same order.
You may see this message on the screen during the tests:
On errors, press any key to stop
If you see an error while one of the tests is running, press any key
to terminate the test.
Performing System Diagnostics
E-7
Resuming From an Error
If an error occurs during a test, the test stops at that point, and
an error code and error message appear. If you want to record the
problem, you can print out the message on your printer. You see
this prompt:
Do you want a printout of the error
message(s) ? (Y/N)
To continue without printing the error message, select N.
Before you request a printout, be sure your printer is ready and
contains paper. Then select Y. If the printer is not ready, the
following message and prompt appear:
Printer is not installed correctly.
Install correctly before entering.
Continue ? (Y/N)
Correct the problem and select Y to continue printing, or select
N to cancel printing.
After printing the error message, the program displays this
prompt:
Printout is finished. Press ENTER to
return to the menu.
The program continues after an error in one of the following
ways:
❏ It returns to the Device List, or
❏ If you are running multiple tests and are not terminating on
an error, the program repeats the test that caused the error.
E-8
Performing System Diagnostics
The table below lists the tests you can run on the system’s
internal devices and on any optional devices you have installed.
You may not see all of the tests listed when you run System
diagnostics. Some tests appear only if you have installed certain
types of equipment. The program displays the title of each check
on the screen.
Tests that check the operation of parallel or serial ports require
you to use a special connector in order to test the device.
Contact your dealer to obtain the connector listed in the table
below before beginning the tests.
For a complete list of the error codes and messages these tests
may display, see the table at the end of this appendix.
System diagnostics tests
Device
Tests available
Description
System board
Checks the
80386
microprocessor
Memory
Checks all
memory and
displays a
memory count
Tests all keys on
the keyboard
Monochrome
display adapter
and CRT
Adapter check
Attribute check
Character set check
Graphics mode check
Screen paging check
Video check
Sync check
Run all above checks
Tests all types of
monochrome
monitors
Performing System Diagnostics
E-9
System diagnostics tests (continued)
E-10
Device
Tests available
Description
Color graphics
adapter and CRT
Adapter check
Attribute check
Character set check
Graphics mode check
Screen paging check
Light pen check
Video check
Sync check
Run all above checks
Tests all types
of color monitors
Diskette drive(s)
and controller
Sequential seek check
Random seek check
Write, read check
Disk change check
Run all above checks
Tests operation
of the diskette
drive(s); requires
a formatted
diskette for some
tests
Math
coprocessor
Tests the
operation of the
math coprocessor
Parallel port (printer
interface)
Tests the primary
parallel port;
requires a loopback connector
(contact your
dealer)
Serial port
(RS-232C)
Tests the primary
serial port;
requires a loopback connector
(contact your
dealer)
Alternate
serial port
Tests the
secondary serial
port; similar to
primary serial port
test
Performing System Diagnostics
System diagnostics tests (continued)
Device
Tests available
Dot-matrix
Hard disk drive(s)
and controller
Description
Tests the
operation of a
dot-matrix printer
in several modes;
requires the
printer to be
loaded with paper
Seek check
Write, read check
Read, verify check
Run all above checks
Tests the
operation
of the hard disk
drive(s)
Alternate parallel
Port
Tests the
secondary
parallel port;
similar to primary
parallel port test
Parallel port on a
video adapter
Tests the parallel
port included
on a video
adapter; requires
a loop-back
connector
(contact your
dealer)
Performing System Diagnostics
E-11
Error Codes and Messages
The following table lists all the error codes and messages that
may appear during system diagnostics testing.
system diagnostics error codes and messages
Error code
System board
101
102
103
104
105
105
106
107
108
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
Memory
201
Keyboard
301
301
302
E-12
Message
CPU ERROR
ROM CHECKSUM ERROR
TIMER COUNTER REGISTER ERROR
TIMER COUNTER ERROR
DMA CONTROLLER REGISTER ERROR
REFRESH ERROR
DMA PAGE REGISTER ERROR
KEYBOARD CONTROLLER TIMEOUT ERROR
KEYBOARD CONTROLLER SELF DIAGNOSTIC
ERROR
KEYBOARD CONTROLLER WRITE COMMAND
ERROR
INTERRUPT CONTROLLER ERROR
CMOS SHUTDOWN BYTE ERROR
CMOS BATTERY ERROR
CMOS CHECKSUM ERROR
CPU INSTRUCTION ERROR
PROTECT MODE ERROR 1
PROTECT MODE ERROR 2
MEMORY ERROR
8042 ERROR
KEYBOARD ERROR
KEYBOARD IS NON-STANDARD, OR KEYBOARD
IS DEFECTIVE
Performing System Diagnostics
System diagnostics error codes and messages (continued)
Error mode
Message
Monochrome display adapter and CRT
401
ERROR IN ADAPTER CHECK
403
ERROR IN ATTRIBUTE CHECK
404
ERROR IN CHARACTER SET CHECK
406
ERROR IN GRAPHICS MODE CHECK
408
ERROR IN SCREEN PAGING CHECK
409
ERROR IN LIGHT PEN CHECK
410
ERROR IN VIDEO CHECK
411
ERROR IN SYNC CHECK
Color graphics
501
504
506
508
509
510
511
adapter and CRT
ERROR IN ADAPTER CHECK
ERROR IN CHARACTER SET CHECK
ERROR IN COLOR GRAPHICS CHECK
ERROR IN SCREEN PAGING CHECK
ERROR IN LIGHT PEN CHECK
ERROR IN COLOR VIDEO CHECK
ERROR IN SYNC CHECK
Diskette drive(s) and controller
601
DISKETTE DRIVE CONTROLLER ERROR
602
SEQUENTIAL SEEK ERROR
603
RANDOM SEEK ERROR
WRITE ERROR
604
605
READ ERROR
606
DISK CHANGE CHECK REMOVE ERROR
607
DISK CHANGE CHECK INSERT ERROR
Math coprocessor
701
COPROCESSOR NOT INSTALLED
702
COPROCESSOR INITIALIZE ERROR
703
COPROCESSOR INVALID OPERATION
MASK ERROR
704
COPROCESSOR ST FIELD ERROR
705
COPROCESSOR COMPARISON ERROR
706
COPROCESSOR ZERO DIVIDE MASK ERROR
707
COPROCESSOR ADDITION ERROR
708
COPROCESSOR SUBTRACTION ERROR
709
COPROCESSOR MULTIPLICATION ERROR
710
COPROCESSOR PRECISION ERROR
Perfoming System Diagnostics
E-13
System diagnostics error codes and messages (continued)
Error code
Message
Parallel port (printer interface)
901
ERROR PIN p
Serial port (RS-232C port)
1101
con&o/ signal ALWAYS LOW
1101
control signal ALWAYS HIGH
1102
TIMEOUT ERROR
1103
VERlFY ERROR
Alternate serial port
1201
control signal ALWAYS LOW
1201
control signal ALWAYS HIGH
1202
TIMEOUT ERROR
1203
VERIFY ERROR
Dot-matrix printer
1401
status
Hard disk drive(s) and controller
1701
SEEK ERROR
1702
WRITE ERROR
1703
READ ERROR
Alternate parallel port
2101
ERROR PIN p
Parallel port (on video adapter)
81nn
ERROR PIN p
E-14
Performing System Diagnostics
Appendix F
Specifications
CPU and Memory
32-bit CPU
80386 microprocessor, 25 MHz system
clock speed, 25 MHz or simulated 8 MHz
processor speed, selectable through
software or keyboard command
0 wait state memory access speed at
25 MHz
System memory
2MB RAM standard on SIMMs; base
memory of either 256KB, 512KB, or
640KB, selectable through jumpers
Memory expandable using 256KB or
1MB SIMMs up to 16MB (maximum);
SIMMs must be 70ns access speed
ROM
128KB (includes system BIOS and VGA
BIOS)
Shadow RAM
0 wait state access speed; automatically
copies both ROM BIOS and video ROM
into RAM
Math coprocessor
80387 (25 MHz) or Weitek 3167
(25 MHz) support; both may be used when
a Weitek dual coprocessor adapter is
installed to provide an additional socket
(optional)
Clock/calendar
Real-time clock, calendar, and
50-byte CMOS RAM for configuration;
battery backup
Specifications F-1
Cache controller
82385 (25MHz) standard
Cache RAM
32KB high-speed static RAM
Controllers
Diskette
Supports up to two drives in any of four
formats: 5¼-inch, high-density, 1.2MB;
5¼-inch, double-density, 360KB;
3½-inch, high-density, 1.44MB; or
3½-inch, double-density, 720KB;
controller on main system board
Hard disk
Supports up to two drives; embedded
controller; interface on main system board
Interfaces
Monitor
VGA adapter with 1MB of video memory
built into main system board; noninterlaced mode only; supports up to
800 x 600 or 1024 x 768 pixels in 16-colors
or up to 640 x 480 pixels in 256-colors;
multi-frequency monitor required for
resolutions over 640 x 480
15-pin, D-shell connector
Serial
RS-232C, programmable, asynchronous;
9-pin, D-shell connector
Parallel
Standard 8-bit parallel, mono-directional;
25-pin, D-shell connector
Auxiliary
Mini DIN, 6-pin connector for PS/2
compatible mouse or other device
F-2 Specifications
Keyboard
Mini DIN, 6-pin connector for PS/2
compatible keyboard
Option slots
Four standard input/output expansion slots
(three 16-bit ISA compatible and one
8-bit ISA compatible); 8 MHz bus speed
Speaker
Internal; operation controllable by
software
Power Supply
Type
14OW, fan-cooled, automatic input voltage
sensing
Input ranges
98 to 132 VAC and 195 to 264 VAC
Maximum outputs
+5 VDC at 18 Amps, +12 VDC at
4.2 Amps
-12 VDC at 0.3 Amps, -5 VDC at
0.3 Amps
+12 VDC at 6 Amps, peak (10 seconds)
Mass Storage
Up to three half-height drives maximum
(one vertical mount and two horizontal
mounts) configurable using any of the
following drive types:
Diskette drives
5¼-inch diskette drive, 1.2MB
(high-density) storage capacity
3½-inch diskette drive, 1.44MB
(high-density) storage capacity
Specifications F-3
5¼-inch diskette drive, 360KB
(double-density) storage capacity
3½-inch diskette drive, 720KB
(double-density) storage capacity
Hard disk drives
3½-inch form factor hard disk drive(s);
up to half-height size; first drive mounted
vertically, second mounted horizontally
Keyboard
Detachable, two position, 101 sculpted
keys
Layout
58-key QWERTY main keyboard;
17-key numeric/cursor pad; 10 cursor keys;
additional 4-key cursor pad; 16 function
keys (user-definable)
Function
Four levels (normal, shift, control,
alternate); user-definable
Environmental Requirements
-100 to 3000 m
F-4 Specifications
Physical Characteristics
Width
15 inches (374 mm)
Depth
16.75 inches (419 mm)
Height
6 inches (151 mm)
Weight
(without
keyboard)
Single diskette drive model:
20.75 lb (9.4 kg)
Specifications F-5
F-6 Specifications
Glossary
Address
A number or name that identifies the location where
information is stored in a computer’s memory.
Analog monitor
A monitor that generates, responds to, or acts upon analog data.
Analog data is transmitted by varying the voltage levels in a
continuous current.
Application program
A software program designed to perform a specific task, such as a
word processing or spreadsheet program.
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. A
standardized coding system for representing characters, such as
numbers, letters, and graphic symbols. An ASCII character
occupies one byte of storage. Many different computers, printers,
and programs can use files transmitted in ASCII code.
Asynchronous
A method of data transmission in which one machine sends data
one character at a time to another machine at irregular intervals
that do not need to be synchronized to a timing device.
AUTOEXEC.BAT file
The batch file that is executed automatically when you load
MS-DOS. See also Batch file.
Glossary
1
Automatic speed
The feature that enables the computer to switch automatically
from high speed (25 MHz) to low speed (simulated 8 MHz)
when accessing a diskette drive.
Backup
An extra copy of a program, data file, or disk, that is created in
the event your working copy is damaged or lost.
Base memory
The memory in the computer below 1MB that is available to
MS-DOS and application programs-usually 640KB. Also called
conventional memory or main memory.
Batch file
A type of file that lets you execute a series of MS-DOS
commands by typing one command. Batch files are text files
with the filename extension .BAT. In a batch file, each
command is entered on a separate line. When you type the
filename, MS-DOS executes all the commands in that file
sequentially.
BIOS
Basic Input/Output System. Routines in ROM (Read Only
Memory) that handle basic input/output functions of the
operating system.
A binary digit (0 or 1). The smallest unit of computer storage.
The value of a bit represents the presence (1) or absence (0) of
an electric charge.
Boot
To load the operating system into the computer’s memory.
2 GIossary
Byte
A sequence or group of eight bits that represents one character.
Cache memory
A high-speed type of memory buffer that stores information from
base or extended memory where your system can access it faster.
CGA
Color Graphics Adapter. A type of display adapter card that can
generate up to 25 lines of text with 80 characters on each line,
monochrome graphics at 640 x 200 resolution, or four-color
graphics at 320 x 200 resolution.
Character
Anything that can be printed in a single space on the page or
the screen; includes numbers, letters, punctuation marks, and
graphic symbols.
CMOS
Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor. A type of
low-power silicon chip.
Code
A system of symbols for representing data or instructions. Also
any software program or part of a program.
Command
An instruction you enter (usually on a keyboard) to direct your
computer to perform a specific function.
Glossary 3
Command prompt
The symbol or message that tells you MS-DOS is loaded and
ready to receive instructions. The default command prompt
displays the current drive and directory. If you are logged onto
drive C, the command prompt may look like this: C : >.
Configuration
The particular setup of a group of components. A typical system
configuration consists of a computer with one diskette drive, one
hard disk drive, and a monitor, connected to a printer.
Control code
A command (generated when you hold down Ctrl and press
another key on the keyboard) that instructs the computer to
perform a specific function.
Conventional memory
The memory in your computer (up to 640KB) used by MS-DOS
and application programs. Also called base memory or main
memory.
Coprocessor
An optional device that enables the computer to process certain
mathematical calculations faster.
Copy-protected program
A type of program that cannot be copied. Some copy-protected
programs require you to leave the program diskette in the
diskette drive while you are using it. Some also require the
computer to be running at low speed (simulated 8 MHz) instead
of high speed (25 MHz). See also Automatic speed.
4 Glossary
CPU
Central Processing Unit. The primary unit of the computer that
interprets instructions, performs the tasks you indicate, keeps
track of stored data, and controls all input and output
operations.
Cursor
The highlighted marker that shows your position on the screen.
Cylinders
The vertical alignment of tracks in a hard disk that can be lined
up under one read/write head. The number of tracks on a disk is
equal to the number of cylinders times the number of heads.
Data
Information such as text or graphics stored or processed by a
computer.
Data diskette
A formatted diskette on which you store data files (as opposed to
program files).
Default
Any value or setting that takes effect when the computer is
turned on or reset. A default value stays in effect unless you
override it temporarily by changing a setting or you reset the
default value itself.
Delimiter
A character or space used to separate different parts of an
MS-DOS command.
Glossary 5
Device
A piece of equipment that is part of a computer system and
performs a specific task, such as a disk drive, a monitor, or a
printer.
Device driver
A file containing instructions that allow your computer to
recognize and control a device. The Equity 386/25 PLUS comes
with device drivers that provide extended and super-extended
VGA features for various programs when used with a multifrequency monitor.
Diagnostics
The tests and procedures the computer performs to check its
internal circuitry and set up its configuration.
DIP switch
Dual Inline Package switch. A small switch on a computer,
option card, or printer that controls a particular function.
Directory
A list of files stored in a particular area on a disk; part of a
structure for organizing files into groups. A directory listing
shows the name, location, and size of the files in the directory.
A directory can contain both files and subdirectories.
Disk
The collective term for diskettes and hard disks.
Disk drive
The physical device that allows the computer to read from and
write to a disk. A diskette drive has a disk slot into which you
insert a diskette. A hard disk is sealed inside a protective unit.
6 Glossary
Diskette
A flat piece of flexible plastic coated with magnetic material
used to store data permanently.
Display adapter card
A circuit board that can be installed in one of the computer’s
option slots to provide the monitor interface. The display
adapter card controls the way the monitor displays text and
graphics. (In the Equity 386/25 PLUS, a VGA display adapter
is built into the system board.) Also known as Video card.
DOS
Disk Operating System. A commonly used operating system that
controls the computer’s input and output functions. See
Operating system.
Double-density
A type of diskette format that allows you to store twice as much
data as the standard-density format. A 5¼-inch double-density
diskette can store 360KB of data. A 3½-inch double-density
diskette can store 720KB of data.
Drive designator
The letter name of a disk drive, followed by a colon-for
example, C : .
EGA
Enhanced Graphics Adapter. A type of display adapter card that
allows you to display high-resolution graphics on a compatible
monitor. It can display up to 43 lines of text with 80 characters
on each line, or it can display monochrome or 16-color graphics
at up to 640 x 350 resolution.
Glossary 7
Expanded memory
Memory that specially written MS-DOS application programs
can use with an Expanded Memory Specification (EMS) device
driver such as EMM386.SYS.
Extended Memory
Memory above 1MB that is accessed by the protected mode of
the 80386 microprocessor and is available to some application
programs and operating systems.
Extended VGA mode
Special features of the built-in VGA adapter available when you
are using certain display drivers and a multi-frequency monitor.
These features include 132-column text mode and resolutions up
to 800 x 600 in 16 colors. See also Super-extended VGA mode.
Extension
A suffix of up to three characters that you can add to a filename
to better identify it.
File
A group of related pieces of information called records, or
entries, stored together on a disk. Text files consist of words and
sentences. Program files consist of codes and are used by
computers to interpret and carry out instructions.
Filename
A name up to eight characters long that MS-DOS uses to
identify a file.
Fixed disk
See Hard disk.
8 Glossary
Format
To prepare a new disk (or an old one you want to reuse) so that
it can store information. Formatting divides a disk into tracks
and sectors and creates addressable locations on it.
Graphics
Lines, angles, curves, and other nonalphanumeric data.
Hard disk
The enclosed unit used to store large amounts of data. Unlike a
diskette, it is fixed in place. It can process data more rapidly and
store many more files than a diskette. Also called fixed disk.
Hardware
Any physical component of a computer system, such as a
monitor, printer, keyboard, or CPU.
High-density
A type of format that allows you to store more data than on
single- or double-density diskettes. A 5¼-inch high-density
diskette can store 1.2 MB of data. A 3½-inch high-density
diskette can store 1.44 MB of data.
Input/output (I/O) port
See Port.
Interface
A physical or software connection used to transmit data between
equipment or programs.
Jumper
A small device that connects two pins on an option card, a disk
drive, or the main system board to activate a particular function.
Glossary 9
Key disk
A diskette containing a copy-protected program that must
remain in the diskette drive while you are using the program.
Kilobyte (KB)
A unit used to measure storage space in a computer’s memory or
on a disk. One kilobyte equals 1024 bytes.
LIM 4.0 EMS
Version 4.0 of the Lotus/Intel/Microsoft Expanded Memory
Specification-a protocol that allows certain application
programs to use memory that MS-DOS cannot use.
Main system board
The board built into your computer containing the circuitry the
computer requires to operate.
Math coprocessor
An optional device that enables the computer to process certain
mathematical calculations faster.
MCGA
Monochrome/Color Graphics Adapter. A type of display adapter
that runs either a monochrome or color graphics monitor.
MDA
Monochrome Display Adapter. A type of display adapter that
displays text in only one color, such as green or amber.
Megabyte (MB)
A unit used to measure storage space in a computer’s memory or
on a disk. One megabyte equals 1024KB.
10 Glossary
Megahertz (MHz)
A unit used to measure oscillation frequency (of a computer’s
internal timing clock). A megahertz is one million cycles per
second. The Equity 386/25 PLUS operates at 25 MHz or
simulates an 8 MHz operating speed.
Memory
The area where your computer stores data. Memory contents
can be permanent (ROM) or temporary (RAM).
Memory module
A small circuit board that contains memory chips. You can add
256KB or 1MB memory modules to the main system board
inside the computer to expand the computer’s memory. A
memory module is commonly called a SIMM (single inline
memory module).
Memory on card
The additional memory on an option card installed in the
computer.
MGA
Multi-mode Graphics Adapter. A type of display adapter card
that can display monochrome text and color graphics on the
screen,
Microprocessor
A small version of a CPU contained on one semiconductor
chip.
Modem
A device that allows a computer to transmit signals over
telephone lines so it can send and receive data. Modem stands
for MOdulator/DEModulator.
Glossary
11
Monitor
The piece of hardware that contains the screen and displays
information.
Monochrome monitor
A monitor that displays in only one color, such as green or
amber, as opposed to a color monitor which can display in
several colors.
Mouse
A hand-held pointing device with one or more buttons. When
you slide the mouse over a flat surface in a certain direction, the
cursor moves in the same direction on the screen.
MS-DOS
Microsoft Disk Operating System. The operating system most
commonly used with your computer. See Operating system.
Network server
The master computer in a network which provides storage space
for the other computers connected to it. The network server can
write files to and read files from the other computers in the
network.
Network server mode
An optional password mode that provides extra security for a
computer that is operating as a network server.
Non-interlaced mode
A technique used by the built-in VGA display adapter that
refreshes all the lines on the monitor screen sequentially from
top to bottom.
12 Glossary
Numeric keypad
The number keys grouped to the right of the keyboard.
Operating speed
The speed at which the central processing unit can execute
commands. The Equity 386/25 PLUS can run at 25 MHz or
simulate an 8 MHz operating speed.
Operating system
A collection of programs (such as MS-DOS, MS OS/2, or
UNIX) that manages a computer’s operations. The operating
system determines how programs run on the computer and
supervises all input and output.
Option card
A circuit board you install inside the computer to provide
additional capabilities, such as a modem.
Parallel
The type of interface that transmits all the bits in a byte of data
simultaneously over separate lines. See Interface and Serial.
Parameter
A qualifier added to a command that tells MS-DOS what
particular conditions to look for and specifies information such
as what data you want to process and where to locate or store a
file.
Parity
A method used to verify the accuracy of data transmissions by
adding a bit that makes the total of the byte odd for odd parity
or even for even parity.
Glossary 2 3
Partition
(1) The area defined on a hard disk for use by an operating
system; (2) to divide a hard disk into separate sections or logical
drives. You can define a primary partition and one or more
extended partitions on a hard disk.
Pathname
The list of directories and subdirectories you specify to locate a
file. For example, the pathname for the file SALES which is
located in the subdirectory BUSINESS of the root directory (\)
is \ BUSINESS \SALES.
Peripheral
An external device (such as a printer or a modem) connected to
a computer that depends on the computer for its operation.
Port
A physical input/output socket on a computer where you can
connect a peripheral device.
Power-on diagnostics
Tests that the computer runs to check its internal circuitry and
configuration each time you turn it on.
Power-on password
The sequence of characters you type after you turn on the
computer in order to access and use your system. A power-on
password can be up to seven characters long and can include
letters, numbers, and blank spaces.
Processor speed
See Operating speed.
14 Glossary
Program
A disk file that contains coded instructions and tells a computer
what to do and how to do it.
Prompt
A message the screen displays to request information or tell you
what action you need to perform next. See also Command
prompt
RAM
Random Access Memory. The portion of the computer’s
memory used to run programs and store data while you work.
All data stored in RAM is erased when you turn off or reset the
computer; so you must store any data you want to keep on a
diskette or hard disk.
Read
To move data from one area to another. For example, when you
open a text file stored on disk, the computer reads the data from
the disk and displays it on the screen.
Read/write head
The physical device inside a disk drive that reads and records
data on the magnetic surface of a disk.
Real-time clock
A battery-powered clock inside the computer that keeps track of
the time and date, even when the computer is turned off.
Reset
To reload a computer’s operating system so you can retry a task
or begin using a different operating system. Resetting erases all
information in RAM.
Glossary 15
RGB
Red Green Blue. A type of color monitor.
ROM
Read Only Memory. A portion of memory that can only be read
and cannot be used for temporary storage. ROM retains its
contents even when you turn off the power.
Root directory
RS-232C
A widely used, standard type of serial interface. You can easily
connect an RS-232C compatible device to the built-in port on
your computer.
Sector
A contiguous section of a disk track that provides an address at
which the computer can access data.
Self test
The initial diagnostics procedures a system performs to check its
hardware.
Serial
The type of interface that transmits data one bit at a time. See
Interface and Parallel.
16 Glossary
Shadow RAM
The feature provided by the Equity 386/25 PLUS that enables
the computer to copy the ROM BIOS and video ROM into the
RAM area of memory to speed up processing.
SIMM
See Memory module.
Software
The programs that enable your computer to perform the tasks
and functions you indicate.
Subdirectory
A directory or group of files that branches down from another
subdirectory or from the root directory.
Super-extended VGA mode
The 1024 x 768, 16-color graphics mode resolution available
when you are using certain display drivers and a multi-frequency
monitor capable of displaying that resolution. Super-extended
VGA mode includes all of the features available in extended
VGA mode. See also Extended VGA mode.
Switch
An option added to an MS-DOS command that modifies the
way the command works. Switches are usually preceded by a I
(forward slash). For example, if you add the /S switch to a
FORMAT command, MS-DOS installs the operating system on
the diskette as it formats it. See Parameter.
System diagnostics
A series of checks you can perform on the computer to make
sure the hardware is functioning correctly.
Glossary 17
System diskette
A diskette that contains the operating system.
Tracks
Addressable, concentric circles on a disk, resembling the grooves
on a record, which help to divide the disk into separate
accessible areas. There are 80 tracks on each side of a doublesided 1.2MB, 1.44MB, or 720KB diskette and 40 tracks on each
side of a double-sided 360KB diskette. The number of tracks on
a hard disk depends on its capacity.
VGA
Video Graphics Array. A type of high-resolution display
adapter. The VGA adapter built into the system board of
your computer can display 16-color graphics at resolutions up to
1024 x 768 or 256-color graphics at resolutions up to 640 x 480.
Video card
A display adapter card that can be installed in one of the
computer’s option slots to provide a monitor interface. Your
computer comes with a built-in VGA adapter, so you do not
need to install a video card in your system if you are going to use
this interface.
Write
To store data on a disk.
Write-protect
To protect the data on a diskette from being changed by placing
a write-protect tab over the notch on the side of a 5¼-inch
diskette or by setting the write-protect switch on a 3½-inch
diskette. When a diskette is write-protected, you cannot erase,
change, or record over its contents.
Index
A
C
AFDD program, 3-2,4-7–9
Alternate parallel port check,
E-11
Alternate serial port check,
E-10
Analog monitor, 4-13, A-1
AutoCAD,
version 2.62, A-16–18
version 9.00, A- 18–20
version 10.0, A-20–23,
A-25–27
AutoCAD 386, A-23–24
AUTOEXEC.BAT, 2-31, 4-1–2
Automatic configuration, 2-2
Automatic speed change,
2-14–15,4-2–7
AutoShade, A-20, A-23, A-26–27
Auxiliary device problems,
D-26–28
Auxiliary interface, F-2
Cable,
diskette drive, B-32, B-36–37
hard disk drive, B-13–14, B-32,
B-38–39, D-22
power supply, B- 15–16, B-50–51
Cache, 2-12–13, F-2
CADVANCE, A-49–50
Cards,
display adapter, see Video
cards
memory, 5-1,5-32
video, see Video cards
CGA card, see Video cards
CGA emulation, A-59–61
Clock, real-time, 2-17-20, F-1
Clock/calendar RAM, F-1
CMOS RAM, 2-1, F-1
Color graphics adapter and CRT
check, E-3, E-10
Color graphics adapter (CGA) card,
see Video cards
Command, stopping, 3-5
COMMAND.COM, D-20
CONFIG.SYS, 1-14,2-31,4-10–13
Connecting,
keyboard, 1-12–13
modem, 1-11
monitor, 1-4–8
mouse, 1-13–14
power cord, 1-2, 1-15–16
printer, 1-8–11
Consumer Information Center
number, Intro-5, D-1
B
Backing up data,
from diskettes, 3-2,3-21–22
on hard disk, 3-21–23
with BACKUP, 3-22
with DISKCOPY, 3-21
BACKUP, 3-22
Base memory, 2-2,2-12,2-29,
5-6–10
Batch files, 4-1–2
AUTOEXEC.BAT, 2-31,
4-1–2
Break, 3-5
Index 1
Control codes,
CTRL ALT +, 4-4–5
CTRL ALT -, 4-4–5
CTRL ALT *, 4-4–5
CTRL ALT DEL, 3-6
CTRL BREAK, 3-5
CTRL C, 3-5
Controllers, F-2
COPY, 3-2,3-14,3-21,4-1
Copying,
diskettes, 3-14,3-21
files, 3-2,3-21–23
Coprocessor, see Math coprocessor
Copy-protected programs, 2-14,4-3
Cover,
removing, 5-2–5
replacing, 5-30–32
CPU, F-1
CPU speed, see Processor speed
CTRL ALT +, 4-4–5
CTRL ALT -, 4-4–5
CTRL ALT *, 4-4–5
CTRL ALT DEL, 3-6
CTRL BREAK, 3-5
CTRL C, 3-5
Cursor block, 2-6
D
DATE, 2-18
Date, setting, 2-17–20
Destructive surface analysis, C-2–3,
C-10–12
Diagnostics,
power-on, D-2–5
system, E- 1-14
DISKCOPY, 3-14,3-21
Diskette drive,
cable, B-32, B-36–37
caring for, 3-14–15
compatibility, 3-12–14
configuring, 2-26–27
2
Index
Diskette drive,
controller check, E-10
inserting diskettes, 3-19–20
installing, B-1–57
problems, D-18
protector card, 1-3, 1-16,3-24
reassigning, 4-7–9
removing, B-1–56
removing diskettes, 3-19–20
setting types, 2-26–27
single, 3-18–19
specifications, F-3–4
types, 3-12–13
using, 3-10–21
Diskettes,
backing up, 3-21–22
caring for, 3-14–15
choosing, 3-12–13
compatibility, 3-12–14
copying, 3-14,3-21–22
formatting, 3-13,3-21
how they work, 3-10–12
inserting, 3-19–20
labelling, 3-15
problems, D-15–18
read/write slot, 3-15,3-19
removing, 3-19–20
storing, 3-15
system, 3-2,3-19,3-23
types, 3-12–13
write-protecting, 3-16–17
Display adapter, see VGA port
Display adapter cards, see Video
cards
Display drivers, A-164
Display screen, see Monitor
Dot-matrix printer check, E-11
Double-density diskettes, 3-13
Double-sided diskettes, 3-12-13
Drives,
see Diskette drive
see Hard disk
Dual-coprocessor adapter,
Intro-2,5-25–26
E
EDLIN, 4-1–2
EGA card, see Video cards
EGA emulation, A-59–61
EMM386.SYS, 4-12
Emulation mode, VGA, A-59–61
Enhanced graphics adapter, see
Video cards
Environmental requirements,
F-4
Epson Consumer Information
Center number, Intro-5, D-1
Error codes and messages, 2-4-6,
D-2–5, E-12–14
ESPEED program, 3-2,4-4–7
Expanded memory, 4-12
Extended graphics, A-1–3
Extended memory, 2-2,2-12–13,
2-29,4-12
Extended memory caching,
Intro-l, 2-12-13
Extended VGA modes, Intro-1,
4-13–14, A-1-3
F
FDISK, C-2, D-21
Files,
AFDD.EXE, 3-2,4-7–9
AUTOEXEC.BAT, 4-1–2
backing up, 3-21–23
batch, 4-1–2
COMMAND.COM, D-20
CONFIG.SYS, 2-31
copying, 3-2,3-21–23
EMM386.SYS, 4-12
Files,
ESPEED.EXE, 3-2,4-4–7
MOUSE7PT.EXE, D-26–28
Floppy disk drive, see Diskette
drive
Floppy disks, see Diskettes
FORMAT, 3-21, C-2
Formatting,
diskettes, 3-21
hard disk, 3-22, C-1-13
physical, C-1-13
Framework II, A-37–39
G
GEM,
version 2.2, A-27–29
version 3.0, A-29–31
Generic CADD, A-52–53
H
Hard disk, see also Diskette drive
backing up, 3-23
configuring, 2-20–25
drive and controller check, E-11
drive cable, B-13–14, B-32,
B-38–39, D-22
formatting, 3-22, C-1–13
how they work, 3-10–11,3-22
installing, B-1–56
installing MS-DOS on, 3-1
jumpers, B-4–7
loading MS-DOS from, 3-18
master drive, B-4
mounting frames, B-8–10
mounting plate, B-10–12
parking the heads, 3-23-24
partitions, 3-22, C-2, C-13
physically formatting, C-1–13
precautions, 3-23
preparing for moving, 3-23-24
preparing for use, 3-22
Index 3
Hard disk,
problems, D-19–22
removing, B-1–56
setting types, 2-20–25
slave drive, B-4
specifications, F-3–4
storage capacity, 3-22
types, 2-24–25
HDSIT, 3-2,3-23–24
HELP program, Intro-2
Help, where to get, Intro-5
Hercules card, see Video cards
Hercules emulation, A-59–61
High-density diskette, 3-12
High resolution monitor, A-1–3
I
Identifying your system, D-1–2
Initial num lock, 2-15–17
Inserting diskettes, 3-19–20
Interfaces, F-2–3
Interleave factor, C-6
J
Jumper settings, 5-2,5-6–10,
B-4–7
K
Keyboard,
adjusting angle, 1-13
cable, 1-12
check, E-9
connecting, 1-12-13
controller check, D-2
layout, 3-3, F-4
problems, D-12–13
repeat rate, 2-15–17
special keys, 3-3–4
speed commands, 4-4–5
Key prompt, 2-9,3-7,4-10
4 Index
L
LIM 4.0 EMS, 4-12
Loading MS-DOS, 3-18-19
Location, choosing for computer,
1-1-2
Lotus 1-2-3, A-34–36
Lotus Symphony, A-34–36
Low-level format, see Physical
formatting
M
Mass storage, F-3–4
Master drive, B-4
Math coprocessor,
adapter, Intro-2,5-25–26
check, E-10
configuring, 2-2,2-30
installing, Intro-2,5-2,
5-25-29
problems, D-29–30
removing, 5-30
specification, F-1
MCGA card, see Video cards
MDA card, see Video cards
MDA emulation, A-59–61
Memory,
base, 2-2,2-12,2-29,5-6–10
beyond 640KB, 4-12
caching, Intro-1, 2-12-13
cards, 5-1,5-32
check, E-9
configuration, 2-2,2-12-13,
2-29
EMM386.SYS, 4-12
expanded, 4-12
extended, 2-2, 2-12–13,2-29,
4-12
jumpers, 5-6–10
LIM 4.0 EMS, 4-12
manager, 4-12
Memory,
modules, see SIMMs
problems, D-28–29
specifications, F-1
MENU utility, Intro-2, 1-11
MGA card, see Video cards
MODE, 1-11
Modem, connecting, l-11
MODE-I-EST, 4-14, A-62–63
Monitor,
analog, 4-13, A-l
connecting, 1-4–8
interface, F-2
multi-frequency, 1-4,4-13,
A-1–3
problems, D-13-15
selecting type, 1-4, 1-7,2-7–9
setting jumpers, 1-8,5-6–10
Monochrome display adapter and
CRT check, E-3, E-9
Monochrome graphics adapter
card, see Video cards
Mounting frames, hard disk,
B-8–10
Mounting plate, hard disk,
B-10–12
Mouse,
connecting, 1-13–14
driver patch, D-26–28
port specifications, F-2
problems, D-26–28
setting jumpers, 1-13,5-6–10
MOUSE7PT.EXE, D-26–28
MS-DOS,
copying files, 3-2,3-21–23
diskettes, 3-1–2
installing, 3-1
loading, 3-18–19
Shell, 3-7
MS OS/2, Intro-2,3-1, A-13–15
Multi-frequency monitor, Intro-3,
1-4,4-13, A-1–3
N
Network server, 4-9–11
Network server mode, 2-9–11,3-7,
4-9–11
Non-destructive surface analysis,
C-2–3, C-12–13
Non-interlaced mode, 4-13, A-1
Num lock,
initial, 2-15–17
mode, 2-6,2-15–17
O
Operating speed, see Processor
speed
Operation Menu, 2-3
Option cards,
configuring, 2-7–9,5-32–33
installing, 5-1,5-10–15
memory, 5-1,5-32
problems, D-25–26
removing, 5-15–16
testing, 5-33, E-1–14
video, see Video cards
Option slots, 5-10–12, F-3
Options, installing, 5-1–33, B-1–56
OrCAD, A-51–52
OS/2, Intro-2,3-1, A-13-15
P
Packing materials, 5-13
Parallel,
cable, l-8–10
interface, 1-8–10, 2-27-29, F-2
port, 1-8–10
port check, E-10–11
port on video adapter check,
E-11
Partitions on hard disk, 3-22, C-2,
C-13
Password, see Power-on password
Index 5
Physical characteristics, F-5
Physical formatting, C-1–13
Port,
keyboard, 1-12, F-2
monitor, 1-4–6, F-2
mouse, 1-13–14, F-2
parallel, 1-8–10, F-2
serial, l-11, F-2
Power,
button, 1-17
connecting power cord, 1-2,
1-15–16
source, 1-2
supply, F-3
Power-on diagnostics, D-2–5
Power-on password,
changing, 3-8-9
deleting, 3-9
disabling, D-9–11
entering, 3-7–9,4-9
jumper, 5-6–10, D-8–12
network server mode, 2-9–11,
3-7,4-9–11
problems, D-8-12
setting, 2-9-11
using, 3-7–9,4–11
Power supply cables, B-15–16,
B-50–51
Precautions,
computer, l-16,5-5
hard disk, 3-23
Presentation Manager, A-13–15
Printer,
connecting, 1-8–11
interface check, E-10
parallel interface, 1-8–10, F-2
problems, D-23–24
serial interface, 1-11, F-2
Processor speed, 2-14–15,4-2–7,
D-22
Protector card, 1-3, 1-16,3-24
6 Index
R
RAM check, D-2
Random access memory (RAM 1,
2-1,3-18, D-2
Read only memory (ROM), D-2,
F-1
Read/write heads, 3-12,3-23–24
Read/write slot, 3-15,3-19
Real-time clock, 2-17–20, F-1
Reassigning diskette drives, 4-7–9
Redirecting printer output, 1-11
Reference diskette, 2-1,3-2,5-32
Removing diskettes, 3-19–20
RESET button, 3-6
Resetting the computer, 3-5–6
ROM, see Read Only Memory
ROMBIOS.COM, 3-2, D-2
S
Sector, 3-11
SELECT, C-2
Serial,
cable, 1-11
interface, 1-11,2-27–29, F-2
port, 1-11
port check, E-10
SETMODE, 1-11
Setting up, 1-1–18
Setup menu, 2-4–6
Setup program, 2-1–32
automatic configuration, 2-2
caching, 2-12–13
clock, real-time, 2-17–20
cursor block, moving, 2-6
diskette drive types, 2-26–27
display adapter type, 2-7–9
error message, continuing
from, 2-4–6
extended memory caching,
2-12–13
Setup program,
hard disk drive configuration,
2-20–25
keyboard options, 2-15–17
leaving the program, 2-31–32
math coprocessor, 2-2
memory, 2-2,2-12–13,2-29
network server mode, 2-9–11
parallel interface, 2-27-29
power-on password, 2-9–11
processor speed, 2-14–15
real-time clock, 2-17–20
running, 2-1–32,5-32–33
serial interface, 2-27–29
speaker option, 2-15–17
starting the program, 2-2-6
summary, 2-29–31
SETVESA, A-54–56
SE-l-VGA, 4-14, A-57–61
Shadow RAM, Intro-1, F-1
SHARE, 4-10
Shell program, 3-7
SIMMs,
caching memory on, 2-12–13
configuring memory on,
5-32–33
installing, 5-1,5-16–22
problems, D-28–29
removing, 5-22–25
specifications, 5-16–17, F-1
Skewed sector, C-6
Slave drive, B-4
SNOOZE, 4-14, A-57, A-63–64,
D-13
Software problems, D-22–23
Speaker, 2-15–17, F-3
Special keys, 3-3-4
Specifications, F-1–5
Speed, changing, see Processor
speed
Subassembly,
installing, B-47–56
removing, B-28–33
Subdirectories, see Directories
Super-extended VGA mode,
Intro-l, 4-13, A-1
Super VGA, A-1
Symphony, Lotus, A-34–36
System,
board check, E-9
diagnostics, E-1–14
identifying, D-1–2
memory, see Memory
setting up, 1-1–18
T
TIME, 2-18
Time, setting, 2-17–20
Timer check, D-2
Tracks, 3-10–11
Troubleshooting, D-1–30
TURBO light, 4-2
Turning off computer, 1-18
Turning on computer, 1-16–18
U
Utilities, VGA, 3-2, 4-13–14,
A-1–64
Utility diskettes, 3-2,4-13–14,
A-2–4
V
Ventura Publisher,
versions 1.0 and 1.1, A-31–33
version 2.0, A-33–34
VER, D-2
VersaCAD, A-46–47
VersaCAD 386, A-48–49
VESA driver, A-54–56
SETVESA, A-54–56
VTEST, A-54–56
Index 7
VGA driver setup program,
A-4–8
VGA emulation mode, A-59–61
VGA port,
connecting monitor, 1-4–6
setting jumper, 5-6–10
setting type, 2-7–9
specifications, F-2
utilities, see VGA utilities
VGA utilities, 3-2,4-13–14,
A-1–64
VGAMODE, 4-14, A-57–58
Video cards,
CGA, 1-7,2-7–9
color graphics adapter and
CRT check, E-3, E-10
compatibility, 1-7
EGA, 1-7, 2-7–9
Hercules graphics card, 1-7,
2-7–9
installing, 1-7–8,5-10–15
jumpers for, 5-6–10
MCGA, 2-7–9
MDA, 1-7,2-7–9
MGA, 1-7,2-7–9
monochrome display adapter
and CRT check, E-3, E-9
parallel port (on video
adapter) check, E-11
problems, D-25–26
removing, 5-15-16
setting display adapter type,
2-7-9
VGA, 1-7–8,2-7–9
Video graphics array (VGA),
built-in port, see VGA port
card, see Video cards
Video monitors, see Monitor
VI-EST, A-54–56
8 Index
W
Windows 3.0, A-11–13
Windows/286, A-8–9
Windows/386, A-10–11
Word 5.0, A-15–16
WordPerfect, 4-14
versions 4.0 and 4.1, A-43–44
version 5.0, A-44–46
WordStar, 4-14
version 3.3, A-39–41
versions 4.0 and 5.0, A-41–42
Write-protect notch, 3-16
Write-protect switch, 3-17
Write-protect tab, 3-16
Write-protecting diskettes,
3-1–17
WS33INST, 4-14, A-39–40,
A-57, A-63
X
XCOPY, 3-14,3-21
XTREE, Intro-2
hard disk access light
diskette drive
diskette release latch
I
power button
TURBO speed light
RESET button
power light
hard disk or
diskette drive bay
power inlet
mouse port
option card slots
VGA monitor port
keyboard cable socket
parallel port
\
serial port