Reliance Water Heaters N71120NE Instruction manual

Instruction Manual
commercial gas water heaters
MODELS N71120NE thru N85390NE/A
Low NOx SERIES 108
www.reliancewaterheaters.com
500 Tennessee Waltz Parkway, Ashland City, TN 37015
INSTALLATION - OPERATION - SERVICE
- MAINTENANCE - LIMITED WARRANTY
Complies with SCAQMD Low NOx Rule 1146.2
Tech Support: 800-365-4054
Parts: 800-821-2017
Low Lead Content
WARNING: If the information in these
instructions is not followed exactly, a fire
or explosion may result causing property
damage, personal injury or death.
Do not store or use gasoline or other
flammable vapors and liquids in the
vicinity of this or any other appliance.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS:
• Do not try to light any appliance.
• Do not
touch any electrical switch; do
not use any phone in your building.
• Immediately
call your gas supplier
from a neighbor’s phone. Follow the
gas supplier’s instructions.
• If you cannot
reach your gas supplier,
call the fire department.
Installation and service must be
performed by a qualified installer,
service agency or the gas supplier.
Thank you for buying this energy efficient water heater.
We appreciate your confidence in our products.
Read and understand this instruction
manual and the safety messages
herein before installing, operating or
servicing this water heater.
Failure to follow these instructions and
safety messages could result in death
or serious injury.
This manual must remain with the
water heater.
place these instructions adjacent to heater and notify owner to keep for future reference.
PRINTED 1010
319287-001
Table Of Contents
Safe Installation, Use and Service����������������������������������������� 3
Water Heater Installation��������������������������������������������������� 20-23
General Safety Information��������������������������������������������������� 4-5
Water Line Connections������������������������������������������������������������������ 20
Precautions���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 4
Water (Potable) Heating and Space Heating�������������������������������������������20
Introduction������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 6
Thermometer (Not Supplied)��������������������������������������������������������������������20
Qualifications������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 6
Water Piping Diagrams�����������������������������������������������������������������������������20
T&P Valve Discharge Pipe��������������������������������������������������������������� 20
Installation Diagrams����������������������������������������������������������������������� 21
Code Restrictions���������������������������������������������������������������������������� 21
Heater Wiring����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 22
Gas Piping��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 23
Purging�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 23
Gas Pressure Regulator������������������������������������������������������������������ 23
OPERATION����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 24
General�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 24
Filling����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 24
Adjustments������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 24
Sequence of operation������������������������������������������������������������� 24
Lighting & Operation Label�������������������������������������������������������������� 25
Checking Venting����������������������������������������������������������������������������� 26
Checking the Igniter Assembly�������������������������������������������������������� 26
Igniter Assembly������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 26
Main Burner������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 26
Gas Valves��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 26
Checking the Input��������������������������������������������������������������������������� 27
Features And Components��������������������������������������������������������� 7
The Hydro Cannon (Self Cleaning System)�������������������������������������� 7
High Limit Switch������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 7
Electronic Ignition Control������������������������������������������������������������������ 7
Exhaust Inducer (blower Assy.)��������������������������������������������������������� 7
Uncrating������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 7
Low Gas Pressure Switch.................................................................. 7
Installation Considerations������������������������������������������������ 8-11
Rough In Dimensions������������������������������������������������������������������������ 8
Recovery Capacities�������������������������������������������������������������������������� 8
Gas and Electrical Characteristics����������������������������������������������������� 8
Locating The Water Heater���������������������������������������������������������������� 9
Clearances���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 9
Installation on Combustible Flooring����������������������������������������������� 10
Insulation Blanket���������������������������������������������������������������������������� 10
Hard Water�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 10
Circulation Pumps���������������������������������������������������������������������� 10-11
High Altitude Installations................................................................. 27
High Altitude Installations..................................................................11
maintenance����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 28
Installation Requirements������������������������������������������������� 12-15
Venting System�������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 28
Gas Pressure Requirements............................................................ 12
Remote Storage Tank Temperature Control������������������������������������ 28
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve Test����������������������������������������� 28
Supply Gas Regulator��������������������������������������������������������������������� 12
Hot Water Odor�������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 28
Power Supply���������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 12
Anode Rod Inspection��������������������������������������������������������������������� 29
Water Temperature Control and Mixing Valves������������������������������� 12
Draining and Flushing���������������������������������������������������������������������� 29
Dishwashing Machines�������������������������������������������������������������������� 13
To Drain the Water Heater Storage Tank��������������������������������������������������29
Closed Water Systems�������������������������������������������������������������������� 13
To Flush the Water Heater Storage Tank��������������������������������������������������29
Thermal Expansion�������������������������������������������������������������������������� 13
Recommended Procedure for Periodic Removal or Lime Deposits
from the Tank Type\ Commercial Water Heaters����������������������������� 29
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve�������������������������������������������� 13-14
DeLiming Solvents��������������������������������������������������������������������������� 30
Contaminated Air����������������������������������������������������������������������������� 14
Tank Cleanout Procedure���������������������������������������������������������������� 30
Air Requirements����������������������������������������������������������������������������� 14
Deliming Using Flo-Jug Method.................................................. 30-31
Unconfined Space��������������������������������������������������������������������������� 15
Ignition Module System������������������������������������������������������������������� 31
Confined Space������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 15
System Diagnostics.......................................................................... 31
Exhaust Fans��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������15
service���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 32
Louvers and Grilles�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������15
Electrical Servicing������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 32
Venting Installation�������������������������������������������������������������� 15-19
For Your information����������������������������������������������������������������� 32
Venting��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 15
Start up Conditions�������������������������������������������������������������������������� 32
Multiple Heater Manifold������������������������������������������������������������������ 16
Operational Conditions�������������������������������������������������������������������� 32
"Air" in the Water Faucets�������������������������������������������������������������������������32
Fresh Air Opening for Confined Spaces������������������������������������������ 16
High Water Temperature Shut off System������������������������������������������������32
Outdoor Air Through Two Openings������������������������������������������������ 16
Sequence of Operation Flow Chart������������������������������������������������� 33
Outdoor Air Through One Opening�������������������������������������������������� 16
Operational Checklist���������������������������������������������������������������������� 34
Outdoor Air Through Two Horizontal Ducts������������������������������������� 16
Water Piping Diagrams����������������������������������������������������������� 35-49
Outdoor Air Through Two Vertical Ducts������������������������������������������ 17
MANIFOLD KITS���������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 50
Air From Other Indoor Spaces��������������������������������������������������������� 17
Notes............................................................................................. 51-54
Technical Data Venting��������������������������������������������������������������� 18-19
Warranty����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 55
2
Safe Installation, Use and Service
The proper installation, use and servicing of this water heater is extremely important to your safety and the safety of others.
Many safety-related messages and instructions have been provided in this manual and on your own water heater to warn you and
others of a potential injury hazard. Read and obey all safety messages and instructions throughout this manual. It is very important
that the meaning of each safety message is understood by you and others who install, use, or service this water heater.
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to
potential personal injury hazards. Obey all safety
messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible
injury or death.
DANGER
DANGER indicates an imminently
hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
will result in injury or death.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in injury or death.
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result in
minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION used without the safety alert
symbol indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result in
property damage.
All safety messages will generally tell you about the type of hazard, what can happen if you do not follow the safety message, and
how to avoid the risk of injury.
The California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act requires the Governor of California to publish a list of substances
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm, and requires businesses to warn of
potential exposure to such substances.
This product contains a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm. This
appliance can cause low level exposure to some of the substances listed in the Act.
APPROVALS
Low Lead Content
California AB1953
3
General Safety Information
Fire or Explosion Hazard
Fire Hazard
Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable vapors and
liquids in the vicinity of this or any other appliance.
For continued protection against
risk of fire:
Avoid all ignition sources if you smell gas.
Do not expose water heater controls to excessive gas
pressure.
Do not install water heater on
carpeted floor.
Do not operate water heater if
flood damaged.
Use only the gas shown on the water heater rating label.
Maintain required clearances to combustibles.
Keep ignition sources away from faucets after extended
periods of non-use.
Fire and Explosion Hazard
Use joint compound or Teflon tape
compatible with propane gas.
Read instruction manual before
installing, using or servicing
water heater.
Leak test before placing the
water heater in operation.
Disconnect gas piping and main
gas shutoff valve before leak
testing.
Install sediment trap in
accordance with NFPA 54.
Fire and Explosion Hazard
Do not use water heater with any gas
other than the gas shown on the rating
label.
Excessive gas pressure to gas valve can
cause serious injury or death.
Turn off gas lines during installation.
Contact a qualified installer or service
agency for installation and service.
CAUTION
Property Damage Hazard
• All water heaters eventually leak.
Jumping out control circuits or components can
result in property damage, personal injury or death.
• Do not install without adequate drainage.
•
•
Electrical Shock Hazard
•
Turn off power to the water heater
before performing any service.
•
Label all wires prior to disconnecting
when performing service. Wiring errors
can cause improper and dangerous
operation.
•
•
Verify proper operation after servicing.
•
Service should only be performed by a qualified service
agent using proper test equipment.
Altering the water heater controls and/or wiring in any way
could result in permanent damage to the controls or water
heater and is not covered under the limited warranty.
Altering the water heater controls and/or wiring in any way
could result in altering the ignition sequence allowing gas to
flow to the main burner before the hot surface igniter is at
ignition temperature causing delayed ignition which can
cause a fire or explosion.
Any bypass or alteration of the water
heater controls and/or wiring will result
in voiding the appliance warranty.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in personal injury or death.
4
General Safety Information
Read and understand this instruction
manual and the safety messages
herein before installing, operating or
servicing this water heater.
Explosion Hazard
Overheated water can cause
water tank explosion.
Failure to follow these instructions and
safety messages could result in death
or serious injury.
Properly sized temperature and
pressure relief valve must be
installed in the opening provided.
This manual must remain with the
water heater.
CAUTION
Water temperature over 125°F (52°C)
can cause severe burns instantly
resulting in severe injury or death.
Improper installation, use and service may result
in property damage.
Children, the elderly and the
physically or mentally disabled are at
highest risk for scald injury.
•
•
•
•
•
Feel water before bathing or
showering.
Temperature limiting devices such as
mixing valves must be installed
when required by codes and to
ensure safe temperatures at fixtures.
Do not operate water heater if flood damaged.
Inspect and anode rods regularly, replace if damaged.
Install in location with drainage.
Fill tank with water before operation.
Properly sized thermal expansion tanks are required on all
closed water systems.
Refer to this manual for installation and service.
Verify the power to the water heater is turned off before performing any service procedures.
General Safety Information
Precautions
Hydrogen Gas Flammable
DO NOT USE THIS APPLIANCE IF ANY PART HAS BEEN
UNDER WATER. Immediately call a qualified service agency
to inspect the appliance and to make a determination on what
steps should be taken next.
Explosion Hazard
If the unit is exposed to the following, do not operate heater
until all corrective steps have been made by a qualified
service agency.
Flammable hydrogen gases
may be present.
1. External fire.
Keep all ignition sources away
from faucet when turning on
hot water.
2. Damage.
3. Firing without water.
Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot water system served
by this appliance that has not been used for a long period of
time (generally two weeks or more). Hydrogen gas is extremely
flammable. To reduce the risk of injury under these conditions, it
is recommended that a hot water faucet served by this appliance
be opened for several minutes before using any electrical
appliance connected to the hot water system. If hydrogen is
present there will probably be an unusual sound such as air
escaping through the pipe as the water begins to flow. There
should be no smoking or open flame near the
faucet at the time it is open.
GROUNDING INSTRUCTIONS
This water heater must be grounded in accordance with the
National Electrical Code and/or local codes. These must be
followed in all cases.
This water heater must be connected to a grounded metal,
permanent wiring system; or an equipment grounding conductor
must be run with the circuit conductors and connected to the
equipment grounding terminal or lead on the water heater, see
Figure 20.
5
Introduction
Thank You for purchasing this water heater. Properly installed
and maintained, it should give you years of trouble free service.
below) in the field involved. Installation skills such as plumbing,
air supply, venting, gas supply and electrical supply are required
in addition to electrical testing skills when performing service.
Abbreviations Used
ANSI Z223.1 2006 Sec. 3.3.83: “Qualified Agency” - “Any
individual, firm, corporation or company that either in person or
through a representative is engaged in and is responsible for (a)
the installation, testing or replacement of gas piping or (b) the
connection, installation, testing, repair or servicing of appliances
and equipment; that is experienced in such work; that is familiar
with all precautions required; and that has complied with all the
requirements of the authority having jurisdiction.”
Abbreviations found in this Instruction Manual include :
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
ANSI - American National Standards Institute
ASME - American Society of Mechanical Engineers
GAMA - Gas Appliance Manufacturer’s Association
NEC - National Electrical Code
NFPA - National Fire Protection Association
UL - Underwriters Laboratory
CSA - Canadian Standards Association
If you are not qualified (as defined by ANSI above) and licensed
or certified as required by the authority having jurisdiction
to perform a given task do not attempt to perform any of the
procedures described in this manual. If you do not understand
the instructions given in this manual do not attempt to perform
any procedures outlined in this manual.
Qualifications
Qualified Installer or Service Agency
Installation and service of this water heater requires ability
equivalent to that of a Qualified Agency (as defined by ANSI
6
FEATURES AND COMPONENTS
the Hydro Cannon (self-cleaning system)
electronic ignition control
These units include The Hydro Cannon (Self-Cleaning System)
installed in the front water inlet, See Figure 1. The Hydro Cannon
inlet tube can only be used in the front water inlet connection. Do
not install the Hydro Cannon inlet tube in either the top or back inlet
water connection. The Hydro Cannon must be oriented correctly for
proper function. There is a marked range on the pipe nipple portion
of the Hydro Cannon, that must be aligned with the top of the inlet
spud. A label above the jacket hole has an arrow that will point to
the marked portion of the pipe nipple if the orientation is correct.
If the arrow does not point within the marked range on the pipe
nipple, adjust the pipe nipple to correct. A pipe union is supplied
with the Hydro Cannon to reduce the probability of misaligning the
Hydro Cannon accidentally while tightening the connection to the
inlet water supply line. Improper orientation of the Hydro Cannon
can cause poor performance of the heater and can significantly
reduce outlet water temperatures during heavy draws.
Each heater is equipped with a ignition module. The solid state
ignition control (Figure 3), ignites the main burner by utilizing a
silicon nitride igniter. The silicon nitride igniter shuts off during
the heating cycle and the main burner flame is sensed through
a remote flame sensor integral to the silicon nitride igniter
assembly.
The ignition control will try to ignite the main burner three times
before lockout. Then it waits one hour before trying again to ignite
the main burners. This is a continuous cycle.
Note: The Hydro Cannon may have 1, 3 or 7 cross tubes.
FIGURE 1.
IGNITION CONTROL BOARD
high limit switch
FIGURE 3.
The digital thermostat (Figure 2) contains the high limit (energy
cutoff) switch. The high limit switch interrupts main burner gas
flow should the water temperature reach 203°F (95°C).
exhaust inducer (blower assy.)
All models are equipped with an exhaust inducer. The inducer
assists in drawing in fresh air to the unit for combustion and then
assists in dispensing the combustion by-products into the venting
leading outside.
In the event of high limit switch operation, the appliance cannot
be restarted unless the water temperature is reduced to
approximately 120°F (49°C). The high limit reset button on the
front of the control then needs to be depressed.
The exhaust inducer is equipped with a gravity controlled damper
to reduce the amount of heat loss through the flue, improving
efficiency.
Continued manual resetting of high limit control, preceded by
higher than usual water temperature is evidence of high limit
switch operation. The following is a possible reason for high limit
switch operation:
• A malfunction in the thermostatic controls would allow the gas
valve to remain open causing water temperature to exceed the
thermostat setting. The water temperature would continue to
rise until high limit switch operation.
Contact your dealer or service agent if continued high limit switch
operation occurs.
EXHAUST INDUCER
FIGURE 4.
uncrating
The heater is shipped with the inducer already installed. The
wiring conduit runs from the thermostat to the inducer. Before
turning unit on, check to make sure the wiring conduit is securely
plugged into the inducer.
Low Gas Pressure Switch
The Low Gas Pressure Switch monitors the gas supply pressure.
If the gas supply pressure drops below 5.2” W.C., the burners are
extinguished (if the heater is running) or the heater will not start up.
DIGITAL THERMOSTAT
FIGURE 2.
7
installation considerations
Rough In Dimensions
TOP
OUTLET
1 1/2” NPT
TOP
INLET
1 1/2” NPT
F
TOP VIEW
FIGURE 5.
FRONT VIEW
BACK VIEW
TABLE 1. ROUGH-IN-DIMENSIONS
N71 120NE
Model
Dim.
inches
mm
A
63
1800
B
4 1/4
108
59 1/2
1511
C
D
50 7/8
1292
E
19 11/16
500
F
19
483
G
3/4 NPT
H
51 7/8
1318
I
5
127
J
27 3/4
705
K
1 1/2 NPT
L
1 1/2 NPT
Approx.
Shipping 520 Ibs. 236 Kg.
Weight
STD
Approx.
Shipping
Weight
ASME
N81 154NE
inches
mm
68
1727
4 1/2
114
62
1575
53 5/8
1362
20 1/2
521
21
533
3/4 NPT
54 5/8
1387
6
152
27 3/4
705
1 1/2 NPT
1 1/2 NPT
550
Ibs.
N100 180NE
inches
mm
72
1829
4 1/2
114
70
1778
61 5/8
1565
20 1/2
521
21
533
3/4 NPT
61
1549
6
152
27 3/4
705
1 1/2 NPT
1 1/2 NPT
550
Ibs.
249 Kg.
N100 199NE
inches
mm
72
1829
4 1/2
114
70
1778
61 5/8
1565
20 1/2
521
21
533
3/4 NPT
61
1549
6
152
27 3/4
705
1 1/2 NPT
1 1/2 NPT
249
Kg.
550
Ibs.
N100 200NES
inches
mm
72
1829
4 1/2
114
70
1778
61 5/8
1565
20 1/2
521
21
533
3/4 NPT
61
1549
6
152
27 3/4
705
2 NPT
2 NPT
249
Kg.
N100 250NE
inches
mm
72
1829
4 1/2
114
70
1778
61 5/8
1565
20 1/2
521
21
533
3/4 NPT
61
1549
6
152
27 3/4
705
2 NPT
2 NPT
N100 275NE
inches
mm
72
1829
4 1/2
114
70
1778
61 5/8
1565
20 1/2
521
21
533
3/4 NPT
61
1549
6
152
27 3/4
705
2 NPT
2 NPT
N85 310NE
inches
mm
73
1854
41/2
114
72
1829
62 1/2
1588
22 1/2
572
21
533
3/4 NPT
63
1600
6
152
27 3/4
705
1 1/2 NPT
1 1/2 NPT
N85 366NE
inches
mm
73
1854
4 1/2
114
72
1829
62 1/2
1588
22 1/2
572
21
533
1 NPT
63
1600
6
152
27 3/4
705
1 1/2 NPT
1 1/2 NPT
N85 390NE
inches
mm
73
1854
4 1/2
114
72
1829
62 1/2 1588
22 1/2
572
21
533
1 NPT
63
1600
6
152
27 3/4
705
1 1/2 NPT
1 1/2 NPT
660
Ibs.
299 Kg.
660
Ibs.
299
Kg.
660
Ibs.
299
Kg.
720
Ibs.
327
Kg.
830
Ibs.
376
Kg.
830
Ibs.
376
Kg.
710
Ibs.
322 Kg.
710
Ibs.
322
Kg.
710
Ibs.
322
Kg.
770
Ibs.
349
Kg.
880
Ibs.
399
Kg.
880
Ibs.
399
Kg.
TABLE 2. RECOVERY CAPACITIES, based on 80% efficiency
Input
BTUH
N71 120NE
N81 154NE
N100 180NE
N100 199NE
N100 200NES
N100 250NE
N100 275NE
N85 310NE
N85 366NE
N85 390NE
120000
154000
180000
199000
199000
250000
275000
310000
366000
390000
Input
KW
35
45
53
58
58
73
81
91
107
114
U.S.
Gal.
71
81
100
100
100
100
100
85
85
85
Liters Eff. %
269
307
379
379
379
379
379
322
322
322
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
Deg. F
Deg. C
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
GPH
LPH
36
20
321
1214
412
1559
481
1822
532
2014
532
2014
668
2530
735
2783
829
3137
978
3704
1043
3947
40
22
289
1093
371
1403
433
1639
479
1813
479
1813
602
2277
662
2505
746
2824
881
3334
938
3552
U. S. Gallons/Hr. and Liters/Hr. at TEMPERATURE RISE INDICATED
54
60
70
72
80
90
100
108
110
30
33
39
40
44
50
56
60
61
214
192
165
160
144
128
115
107
105
810
729
625
607
546
486
437
405
397
274
247
212
206
185
165
148
137
135
1039
935
802
779
701
623
561
520
510
321
289
247
241
217
192
173
160
157
1214
1093
937
911
820
729
656
607
596
355
319
274
266
239
213
192
177
174
1343
1208
1036
1007
906
806
725
671
659
355
319
274
266
239
213
192
177
174
1343
1208
1036
1007
906
806
725
671
659
446
401
344
334
301
267
241
223
219
1687
1518
1301
1265
1139
1012
911
843
828
490
441
378
368
331
294
265
245
241
1855
1670
1431
1392
1252
1113
1002
928
911
553
497
426
414
373
332
298
276
271
2092
1882
1613
1569
1412
1255
1129
1046
1027
652
587
503
489
440
391
352
326
320
2469
2222
1905
1852
1667
1482
1333
1235
1212
695
626
536
521
469
417
375
348
341
2631
2368
2030
1973
1776
1579
1421
1316
1292
50
28
231
874
296
1122
346
1312
383
1450
383
1450
481
1822
529
2004
597
2259
705
2667
751
2842
120
67
96
364
124
468
144
546
160
604
160
604
201
759
221
835
249
941
294
1111
313
1184
TABLE 3. GAS AND ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Gas Supply Pressure
Model
Type of Gas
Minimum
Maximum
Gas Manifold Pressure
Volts/Hz
Amperes
All Models
Natural
5.2" W.C. (1.3 kPa)
14" W.C. (3.48 kPa)
3.5" W.C. (0.87 kPa)
120/60
<5
8
126
70
92
347
118
445
137
520
152
575
152
575
191
723
210
795
237
896
280
1058
298
1128
130
72
89
336
114
432
133
504
147
558
147
558
185
701
204
771
230
869
271
1026
289
1093
140
78
82
312
106
401
124
468
137
518
137
518
172
651
189
716
213
807
252
952
268
1015
Installation Considerations
locating the water heater
THE HEATER MUST NOT BE LOCATED IN AN AREA WHERE IT
WILL BE SUBJECT TO FREEZING.
CAUTION
LOCATE IT NEAR A FLOOR DRAIN. THE HEATER SHOULD BE
LOCATED IN AN AREA WHERE LEAKAGE FROM HEATER OR
CONNECTIONS WILL NOT RESULT IN DAMAGE TO ADJACENT
AREA OR TO LOWER FLOORS OF THE STRUCTURE.
Property Damage Hazard
• All water heaters eventually leak.
WHEN SUCH LOCATIONS CANNOT BE AVOIDED, A SUITABLE
DRAIN PAN SHOULD BE INSTALLED UNDER HEATER. Such
pans should be fabricated with sides at least 2” deep, with length
and width at least 2” greater than diameter of heater and must be
piped to an adequate drain. Pan must not restrict combustion air flow.
• Do not install without adequate drainage.
When installing the heater, consideration must be given to proper
location. Location selected should be as close to the stack or chimney
as practicable, with adequate air supply and as centralized with the
piping system as possible.
clearances
This water heater is approved for installation on combustible
flooring (with NSF leg kit #9003425205) in an alcove when
minimum clearance from any combustion construction are followed
as indicated in Figure 6 and Table 4.
Fire or Explosion Hazard
In all installations the minimum combustible clearances from vent piping
shall be 6” (152mm). Vent piping passing through a combustible wall
or ceiling must be a continuous run (no joints) and retain 6”
(152mm) clearance unless an approved reducing thimble is used.
Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable vapors and
liquids in the vicinity of this or any other appliance.
Avoid all ignition sources if you smell gas.
Do not expose water heater controls to excessive gas
pressure.
A service clearance of 24” (610mm) should be maintained from
serviceable parts, such as relief valves, flue baffles, thermostats,
cleanout openings or drain valves.
Use only the gas shown on the water heater rating label.
Maintain required clearances to combustibles.
The units are approved for installation with side, rear and ceiling
clearances as indicated below:
Keep ignition sources away from faucets after extended
periods of non-use.
TABLE 4.
Read instruction manual before
installing, using or servicing
water heater.
MINIMUM CLEARANCES TO COMBUSTIBLES IN INCHES (mm)
THERE IS A RISK IN USING FUEL BURNING APPLIANCES SUCH
AS GAS WATER HEATERS IN ROOMS, GARAGES OR OTHER
AREAS WHERE GASOLINE, OTHER FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS OR
ENGINE DRIVEN EQUIPMENT OR VEHICLES ARE STORED,
OPERATED OR REPAIRED. FLAMMABLE VAPORS ARE HEAVY
AND TRAVEL ALONG THE FLOOR AND MAY BE IGNITED BY THE
HEATER’S IGNITER OR MAIN BURNER FLAMES CAUSING FIRE
OR EXPLOSION. SOME LOCAL CODES PERMIT OPERATION OF
GAS APPLIANCES IN SUCH AREAS IF THEY ARE INSTALLED 18”
OR MORE ABOVE THE FLOOR. THIS MAY REDUCE THE RISK IF
LOCATION IN SUCH AN AREA CANNOT BE AVOIDED.
MODEL
“A” RIGHT SIDE
“B” LEFT SIDE
“C” BACK
“D” CEILING
N71 120NE
2” 51 mm
2” 51 mm
2” 51 mm
12” 305 mm
N81 154NE
2” 51 mm
2” 51 mm
2” 51 mm
12” 305 mm
N100 180NE
2” 51 mm
2” 51 mm
2” 51 mm
12” 305 mm
N100 199NE
2” 51 mm
2” 51 mm
2” 51 mm
12” 305 mm
N100 200NES/A
2” 51 mm
2” 51 mm
2” 51 mm
12” 305 mm
N100 250NE/A
2” 51 mm
2” 51 mm
2” 51 mm
12” 305 mm
N100 275NE/A
2” 51 mm
2” 51 mm
2” 51 mm
12” 305 mm
N85 310NE/A
6” 152 mm
6” 152 mm
6” 152 mm
12” 305 mm
N85 366NE/A
6” 152 mm
6” 152 mm
6” 152 mm
12” 305 mm
N85 390NE/A
3” 76 mm
3” 76 mm
3” 76 mm
12” 305 mm
TABLE 5.
DO NOT INSTALL THIS WATER HEATER DIRECTLY ON A
CARPETED FLOOR. A FIRE HAZARD MAY RESULT. Instead the
water heater must be placed on a metal or wood panel extending
beyond the full width and depth by at least 3 inches in any direction.
If the heater is installed in a carpeted alcove, the entire floor shall
be covered by the panel. Also, see the DRAINING requirements in
MAINTENANCE Section.
MINIMUM CLEARANCES TO NON-COMBUSTIBLE CONSTRUCTION
THE HEATER SHALL BE LOCATED OR PROTECTED SO IT IS NOT
SUBJECT TO PHYSICAL DAMAGE BY A MOVING VEHICLE.
FLAMMABLE ITEMS, PRESSURIZED CONTAINERS OR ANY OTHER
POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARDOUSARTICLES MUST NEVER BE PLACED
ON OR ADJACENT TO THE HEATER. OPEN CONTAINERS OR
FLAMMABLE MATERIAL SHOULD NOT BE STORED OR USED
IN THE SAME ROOM WITH THE HEATER.
9
MODEL
“A” RIGHT SIDE
“B” LEFT SIDE
“C” BACK
“D” CEILING
N71 120NE
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
12” 305 mm
N81 154NE
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
12” 305 mm
N100 180NE
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
12” 305 mm
N100 199NE
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
12” 305 mm
N100 200NES/A
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
12” 305 mm
N100 250NE/A
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
12” 305 mm
N100 275NE/A
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
12” 305 mm
N85 310NE/A
3” 76 mm
3” 76 mm
3” 76 mm
12” 305 mm
N85 366NE/A
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
12” 305 mm
N85 390NE/A
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
0” 0 mm
12” 305 mm
INSULATION BLANKET
Breathing Hazard - Carbon Monoxide Gas
Do not obstruct water heater air intake
with insulating blanket.
Gas and carbon monoxide detectors
are available.
Install water heater in accordance with
the instruction manual.
Breathing carbon monoxide can cause brain damage or
death. Always read and understand instruction manual.
Insulation blankets are available to the general public for external
use on gas water heaters but are not necessary with these
products. The purpose of an insulation blanket is to reduce the
standby heat loss encountered with storage tank heaters. The
water heaters covered by this manual meet or exceed the Energy
Policy Act standards with respect to insulation and standby heat
loss requirements, making an insulation blanket unnecessary.
Should you choose to apply an insulation blanket to this
heater, you should follow these instructions. See the Features
and Components section of this manual for identification of
components mentioned below. Failure to follow these instructions
can restrict the air flow required for proper combustion, potentially
resulting in fire, asphyxiation, serious personal injury or death.
• DO NOT apply insulation to the top of the water heater, as
this will interfere with safe operation of the draft hood.
• DO NOT cover the gas valve, thermostat or the TemperaturePressure Relief Valve.
• DO NOT allow insulation to come within 2” (5 cm) of the
burners, to prevent blockage of combustion air flow to the
burners.
• DO NOT allow insulation to come within 9 inches (23 cm)
of floor, (within 2 inches (5 cm) of bottom cover) to prevent
blockage of combustion air flow to the burners..
• DO NOT cover the instruction manual. Keep it on the side of
the water heater or nearby for future reference.
• DO obtain new warning and instruction labels from the
manufacturer for placement on the blanket directly over the
existing labels.
• DO inspect the insulation blanket frequently to make certain
it does not sag, thereby obstructing combustion air flow.
FIGURE 6.
installation on combustible flooring
All units are approved for installations on combustible flooring
when installed with NSF leg kit number 9003425205.
HARD WATER
Where hard water conditions exist, water softening or the
threshold type of water treatment is recommended. This will
protect the dishwashers, coffee urns, water heaters, water piping
and other equipment.
See the Maintenance Section in this manual for sediment and
lime scale removal procedures.
Circulation pumps
FIGURE 7.
A circulating pump is used when a system requires a circulating
loop or there is a storage tank used in conjunction with the water
heater. See Water Piping Diagrams in this manual for installation
location of circulating pumps.
1.Unit needs to be lifted in a way not to damage unit or laid
on it’s side to access the bottom of the legs.
2. Slide leg extension under leg and the bolt up through the
bottom hole located in the bottom of the leg.
See the Circulation Pump Wiring Diagrams in this manual for
electrical hookup information. Install in accordance with the
current edition of the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70 or the
Canadian Electrical Code, CSA C22.1.
3.Once in place, screw nut down and secure.
4.Front of leg should line up with front of leg extension as
shown to make sure weight of unit is distributed through the
leg extension.
All-bronze circulators are recommended for used with commercial
water heaters.
10
TION
Some circulating pumps are manufactured with sealed bearings
and do not require further lubrication. Some circulating pumps
must be periodically oiled. Refer to the pump manufacturer’s
instructions for lubrication requirements.
Breathing Hazard - Carbon Monoxide Gas
CIRCULATING PUMP WIRING DIAGRAM
Under
noTOGGLE
circumstances
should
DISHWASHER LOOP
WITH
SWITCH
the input exceed the rate shown
DISHWASHER
FIELD SUPPLIED TEMPERATURE
on the water
heater’s rating label.
CIRCULATING PUMP WIRING DIAGRAM
STORAGE TANK OR BUILDING RECIRCULATION
NOTE: USE SEPARATE 120 VAC POWER
SUPPLY FOR PUMP CIRCUIT. DO NOT
SHARE POWER WITH APPLIANCE AS THIS
MAY CAUSE ELECTRICAL LINE NOISE AND
LEAD TO ERRATIC CONTROL SYSTEM
OPERATION.
FIELD SUPPLIED TEMPERATURE CONTROL
INSTALLED IN THE STORAGE TANK
OR CIRCULATING LOOP RETURN LINE
TOGGLE
SWITCH
NOTE: USE SEPARATE 120 VAC POWER
SUPPLY FOR PUMP CIRCUIT. DO NOT
SHARE POWER WITH APPLIANCE AS THIS
MAY CAUSE ELECTRICAL LINE NOISE AND
LEAD TO ERRATIC CONTROL SYSTEM
OPERATION.
L1 HOT
L1 HOT
120 VAC
POWER
CIRC
PUMP
MOTOR
POWER
CIRC
PUMP
MOTOR
INSTALLATIONS ABOVE 2000 FEET (610 METERS) REQUIRE
L2 NEUTRAL
REPLACEMENT OF BURNER ORIFICES IN ACCORDANCE
WITH CURRENT EDITION OF THE NATIONAL FUEL GAS
CODE (ANSI Z223.1). FOR CANADIAN INSTALLATIONS
CONSULT CANADIAN INSTALLATIONS CODE CAN/CSA
B149.1. FAILURE TO REPLACE ORIFICES WILL RESULT
IN IMPROPER AND INEFFICIENT OPERATION OF THE
APPLIANCE RESULTING IN THE PRODUCTION OF
INCREASED LEVELS OF CARBON MONOXIDE GAS IN
EXCESS OF SAFE LIMITS WHICH COULD RESULT IN
SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH.
FIGURE 8.
CIRCULATING PUMP WIRING DIAGRAM
DISHWASHER LOOP WITH TOGGLE SWITCH
DISHWASHER
TOGGLE
SWITCH
Gas and carbon monoxide detectors
are available.
Breathing carbon monoxide can cause brain damage or
death. Always
120 VAC read and understand instruction manual.
L2 NEUTRAL
RE CONTROL
TANK
RN LINE
CONTROL INSTALLED IN THE
CIRCULATING LOOP RETURN LINE
Overfiring could result in damage to
the water heater and sooting.
FIELD SUPPLIED TEMPERATURE
CONTROL INSTALLED IN THE
CIRCULATING LOOP RETURN LINE
NOTE: USE SEPARATE 120 VAC POWER
SUPPLY FOR PUMP CIRCUIT. DO NOT
SHARE POWER WITH APPLIANCE AS THIS
MAY CAUSE ELECTRICAL LINE NOISE AND
LEAD TO ERRATIC CONTROL SYSTEM
OPERATION.
L1 HOT
You should contact your gas supplier for any specific changes
which may be required in your area.
120 VAC
POWER
CIRC
PUMP
MOTOR
As elevation above sea level is increased, there is less oxygen
per cubic foot of air. Therefore, the heater input rate should be
reduced at high altitudes for satisfactory operation with the
reduced oxygen supply. Failure to make this reduction would
result in an over firing of the heater causing sooting, poor
combustion and/or unsatisfactory heater performance.
L2 NEUTRAL
FIGURE 9.
HIGH ALTITUDE INSTALLATIONS
Ratings specified by manufacturers for most appliances apply
for elevations up to 2000 feet (610m). For elevations above 2000
feet (610), ratings must be reduced at the rate of 4% for each
1000 feet (305m) above sea level. For example, if a heater is
rated at 78,000 Btuh (22.9 Kwh) at sea level, to rate the heater
at 4000 feet (1219m), you subtract 4 (once for each thousand
feet) x.04 (4% input reduction) x 78,000 (original rating) from the
original rating.
Fire and Explosion Hazard
Under no circumstances should the
input exceed the rate shown on the
water heater’s rating label.
Overfiring could result in fire or
explosion.
Gas and carbon monoxide detectors are
available.
Therefore, to calculate the input rating at 4,000 feet (1219m):
4 x .04 x 78,000 = 12,480 Btuh (3.7 Kwh), 78,000 (22.9 Kwh) 12,480 (3.7 Kwh) = 65,520 Btuh (19.2 Kwh). At 6000 feet (1829m)
the correct input rating should be 59,280 Btuh (17.4 Kwh).
11
Installation Requirements
WATER TEMPERATURE CONTROL AND Mixing Valves
Gas pressure requirements
All models require a minimum gas supply pressure of 5.2”
W.C. The minimum supply pressure is measured while gas
is not flowing (static pressure) AND while gas is flowing
(dynamic pressure). The supply pressure (static and dynamic)
should never fall below 5.2” W.C. The supply pressure should
be measured with all gas fired appliances connected to the
common main firing at full capacity. If the supply pressure
drops more than 1.5” W.C. as gas begins to flow to the water
heater then the supply gas system including the gas line and/
or the gas regulator may be restricted or undersized. See
Supply Gas Regulator section and Gas Piping section of this
manual. The low gas pressure switch will shut down the water
heater if the supply gas pressure drops below the minimum
allowable value.
Water temperature over 125°F (52°C)
can cause severe burns instantly
resulting in severe injury or death.
Children, the elderly and the
physically or mentally disabled are at
highest risk for scald injury.
Feel water before bathing or
showering.
Temperature limiting devices such as
mixing valves must be installed
when required by codes and to
ensure safe temperatures at fixtures.
Water heated to a temperature which will satisfy clothes
washing, dish washing, and other sanitizing needs can scald
and cause permanent injury upon contact. Short repeated
heating cycles caused by small hot water uses can cause
temperatures at the point of use to exceed the water heater’s
temperature setting by up to 20°F (11°C).
The gas valve on all models has a maximum gas supply
pressure limit of 14" W.C. If a supply gas regulator is
installed on the gas supply line, the maximum recommended
pressure for the regulated gas supply is 11" W.C. The
maximum supply pressure is measured while gas is not
flowing (static pressure) AND while gas is flowing (dynamic
pressure).
Some people are more likely to be permanently injured by
hot water than others. These include the elderly, children, the
infirm and the physically/mentally disabled. Table 6 shows
the approximate time-to-burn relationship for normal adult
skin. If anyone using hot water provided by the water heater
being installed fits into one of these groups or if there is a
local code or state law requiring a certain water temperature
at the point of use, then special precautions must be taken.
Supply Gas Regulator
The water heater covered by this manual may require the
installation of a supply gas regulator. If the supply gas pressure
exceeds 14 inches W.C. a supply gas regulator must be used.
If the gas supply pressure exceeds 14" W.C. in a multiple
water heater installation, each water heater must have its
own supply gas regulator. If required, the supply gas regulator
shall be rated at or above the Btu/hr input rating of the water
heater it supplies. If a supply gas regulator is installed on the
gas supply line, the maximum recommended pressure for the
regulated gas supply is 11" W.C.
In addition to using the lowest possible temperature setting
that satisfies the demand of the application a Mixing Valve
should be installed at the water heater (see Figure 10) or at the
hot water taps to further reduce system water temperature.
Mixing valves are available at plumbing supply stores. Consult
a Qualified Installer or Service Agency. Follow mixing valve
manufacturer’s instructions for installation of the valves.
Supply gas regulators shall have inlet and outlet connections
not less than the minimum supply gas line size for the water
heater they serve as shown in Table 9. The Maxitrol 325-7L or
equivalent is recommended.
Table 6.
Power Supply
The water heaters covered in this manual require a 120
VAC, 1Ø (single phase), 60Hz, 15 amp power supply and
must also be electrically grounded in accordance with local
codes or, in the absence of local codes, with the National
Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70 or the Canadian Electrical
Code, CSA C22.1.
12
Water Temperature
Time to Produce 2nd & 3rd
Degree Burns on Adult Skin
180°F (82°C)
Nearly instantaneous
170°F (77°C)
Nearly instantaneous
160°F (71°C)
About 1/2 second
150°F (66°C)
About 1-1/2 seconds
140°F (60°C)
Less than 5 seconds
130°F (54°C)
About 30 seconds
120°F (49°C)
More than 5 minutes
Dishwashing Machines
A properly sized thermal expansion tank must be installed on
all closed systems to control the harmful effects of thermal
expansion. Contact a local plumbing service agency to have a
thermal expansion tank installed.
All dishwashing machines meeting the National Sanitation
Foundation requirements are designed to operate with water
flow pressures between 15 and 25 pounds per square inch
(103 kPa and 173 kPa). Flow pressures above 25 pounds
per square inch (173 kPa), or below 15 pounds per square
inch (103 kPa), will result in improperly sanitized dishes.
Where pressures are high, a water pressure reducing or flow
regulating control valve should be used in the 180°F (82°C)
line to the dishwashing machine and should be adjusted to
deliver water pressure between these limits.
See Water Line Connections on page 19 and the Water Piping
Diagrams beginning on page 34.
Temperature-pressure relief valve
Explosion Hazard
HOT WATER
OUTLET
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
must comply with ANSI Z21.22CSA 4.4 and ASME code.
12” TO 15”
(30-38 cm)
Properly sized temperaturepressure relief valve must be
installed in opening provided.
TEMPERED WATER
OUTLET
Can result in overheating and
excessive tank pressure.
CHECK
VALVE
COLD
WATER
INLET
CHECK
VALVE
Can cause serious injury or death.
MIXING
VALVE
This water heater is provided with a properly rated/sized and
certified combination Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve (T&P
valve) by the manufacturer. The valve is certified by a nationally
recognized testing laboratory that maintains periodic inspection
of production of listed equipment of materials as meeting the
requirements for Relief Valves for Hot Water Supply Systems,
ANSI Z21.22 • CSA 4.4, and the code requirements of ASME.
TO TANK
INLET
FIGURE 10.
The National Sanitation Foundation also recommends circulation
of 180°F (82°C) water. Where this is done, the circulation should
be very gentle so that it does not cause any unnecessary
turbulence inside the water heater. The circulation should be just
enough to provide 180°F (82°C) water at the point of take-off to
the dishwashing machine.
If replaced, the new T&P valve must meet the requirements
of local codes, but not less than a combination TemperaturePressure Relief Valve rated/sized and certified as indicated in
the above paragraph. The new valve must be marked with a
maximum set pressure not to exceed the marked hydrostatic
working pressure of the water heater (150 psi = 1,035 kPa) and
a discharge capacity not less than the water heater Btu/hr or kW
input rate as shown on the water heater’s model rating label.
Adjust flow by throttling a full port ball valve installed in the
circulating line on the outlet side of the pump. Never throttle flow
on the suction side of a pump. See Water Piping Diagrams in
this manual.
NOTE: In addition to the factory installed Temperature-Pressure
Relief Valve on the water heater, each remote storage tank that
may be installed and piped to a water heating appliance must also
have its own properly sized, rated and approved TemperaturePressure Relief Valve installed. Call the toll free technical
support phone number listed on the back cover of this manual
for technical assistance in sizing a Temperature-Pressure Relief
Valve for remote storage tanks.
Closed Water Systems
Water supply systems may, because of code requirements
or such conditions as high line pressure, among others, have
installed devices such as pressure reducing valves, check
valves, and back flow preventers. Devices such as these cause
the water system to be a closed system.
For safe operation of the water heater, the Temperature-Pressure
Relief Valve must not be removed from its designated opening
nor plugged. The Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve must be
installed directly into the fitting of the water heater designed for the
relief valve. Install discharge piping so that any discharge will exit
the pipe within 6 inches (15.2 cm) above an adequate floor drain,
or external to the building. In cold climates it is recommended
that it be terminated at an adequate drain inside the building. Be
certain that no contact is made with any live electrical part. The
discharge opening must not be blocked or reduced in size under
any circumstances. Excessive length, over 30 feet (9.14 m), or
use of more than four elbows can cause restriction and reduce
the discharge capacity of the valve.
Thermal Expansion
As water is heated, it expands (thermal expansion). In a closed
system the volume of water will grow when it is heated. As the
volume of water grows there will be a corresponding increase
in water pressure due to thermal expansion. Thermal expansion
can cause premature tank failure (leakage). This type of failure
is not covered under the limited warranty. Thermal expansion
can also cause intermittent Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
operation: water discharged from the valve due to excessive
pressure build up. This condition is not covered under the limited
warranty. The Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve is not intended
for the constant relief of thermal expansion.
13
No valve or other obstruction is to be placed between the
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve and the tank. Do not connect
discharge piping directly to the drain unless a 6” (15.2 cm)
air gap is provided. To prevent bodily injury, hazard to life, or
property damage, the relief valve must be allowed to discharge
water in adequate quantities should circumstances demand. If
the discharge pipe is not connected to a drain or other suitable
means, the water flow may cause property damage.
regarding the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve call the toll
free number listed on the back cover of this manual for technical
assistance.
CAUTION
Breathing Hazard - Carbon Monoxide Gas
Contaminated Air
Install water heater in accordance with
the Instruction Manual and NFPA 54 or
CAN/CSA-B149.1.
To avoid injury, combustion and ventilation
air must be taken from outdoors.
Do not place chemical vapor emitting
products near water heater.
Water Damage Hazard
• Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve discharge
pipe must terminate at adequate drain.
Breathing carbon monoxide can cause brain damage or
death. Always read and understand instruction manual.
T&P Valve Discharge Pipe Requirements:
• Shall not be smaller in size than the outlet pipe size of the
valve, or have any reducing couplings or other restrictions.
• Shall not be plugged or blocked.
• Shall not be exposed to freezing temperatures.
• Shall be of material listed for hot water distribution.
• Shall be installed so as to allow complete drainage of both
the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve and the discharge
pipe.
• Must terminate a maximum of six inches above a floor
drain or external to the building. In cold climates, it is
recommended that the discharge pipe be terminated at an
adequate drain inside the building.
• Shall not have any valve or other obstruction between the
relief valve and the drain.
Corrosion of the flue ways and vent system may occur if air for
combustion contains certain chemical vapors. Such corrosion
may result in failure and risk of asphyxiation.
Combustion air that is contaminated can greatly diminish the life
span of the water heater and water heater components such as
hot surface igniters and burners. Propellants of aerosol sprays,
beauty shop supplies, water softener chemicals and chemicals
used in dry cleaning processes that are present in the combustion,
ventilation or ambient air can cause such damage.
Do not store products of this sort near the water heater. Air which
is brought in contact with the water heater should not contain any
of these chemicals. If necessary, uncontaminated air should be
obtained from remote or outdoor sources. The limited warranty
is voided when failure of water heater is due to a corrosive
atmosphere. (See limited warranty for complete terms and
conditions).
Burn hazard.
Air requirements
Hot water discharge.
Keep clear of TemperaturePressure Relief Valve
discharge outlet.
Breathing Hazard - Carbon Monoxide Gas
Install water heater in accordance with
the Instruction Manual and NFPA 54 or
CAN/CSA-B149.1.
To avoid injury, combustion and ventilation
air must be taken from outdoors.
Do not place chemical vapor emitting
products near water heater.
The Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve must be manually
operated at least twice a year. Caution should be taken to ensure
that (1) no one is in front of or around the outlet of the TemperaturePressure Relief Valve discharge line, and (2) the water manually
discharged will not cause any bodily injury or property damage
because the water may be extremely hot. If after manually
operating the valve, it fails to completely reset and continues to
release water, immediately close the cold water inlet to the water
heater, follow the draining instructions in this manual, and replace
the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve with a properly rated/sized
new one.
Breathing carbon monoxide can cause brain damage or
death. Always read and understand instruction manual.
For safe operation an adequate supply of fresh uncontaminated
air for combustion and ventilation must be provided.
An insufficient supply of air can cause recirculation of combustion
products resulting in contamination that may be hazardous to
life. Such a condition often will result in a yellow, luminous burner
flame, causing sooting of the combustion chamber, burners and
flue tubes and creates a risk of asphyxiation.
NOTE: The purpose of a Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve is
to prevent excessive temperatures and pressures in the storage
tank. The T&P valve is not intended for the constant relief of
thermal expansion. A properly sized thermal expansion tank must
be installed on all closed systems to control thermal expansion,
see Closed Water Systems and Thermal Expansion on page 12.
Do not install the water heater in a confined space unless an
adequate supply of air for combustion and ventilation is brought
in to that space using the methods described in the Confined
Space section that follows.
If you do not understand these instructions or have any questions
14
Never obstruct the flow of ventilation air. If you have any doubts
or questions at all, call your gas supplier. Failure to provide the
proper amount of combustion air can result in a fire or explosion
and cause property damage, serious bodily injury or death.
Openings must be installed to provide fresh air for combustion,
ventilation and dilution in confined spaces. The required size for
the openings is dependent on the method used to provide fresh
air to the confined space AND the total Btu/hr input rating of all
appliances installed in the space.
Unconfined Space
Exhaust Fans
An Unconfined Space is one whose volume IS NOT LESS THAN
50 cubic feet per 1,000 Btu/hr (4.8 cubic meters per kW) of the
total input rating of all appliances installed in the space. Rooms
communicating directly with the space, in which the appliances
are installed, through openings not furnished with doors, are
considered a part of the unconfined space.
Where exhaust fans are installed, additional air shall be provided
to replace the exhausted air. When an exhaust fan is installed
in the same space with a water heater, sufficient openings to
provide fresh air must be provided that accommodate the
requirements for all appliances in the room and the exhaust fan.
Undersized openings will cause air to be drawn into the room
through the water heater’s vent system causing poor combustion.
Sooting, serious damage to the water heater and the risk of fire
or explosion may result. It can also create a risk of asphyxiation.
Makeup air requirements for the operation of exhaust fans,
kitchen ventilation systems, clothes dryers and fireplaces shall
also be considered in determining the adequacy of a space to
provide combustion, ventilation and dilution air.
Louvers and Grilles
Unusually Tight Construction
The free areas of the fresh air openings in the instructions that
follow do not take in to account the presence of louvers, grilles or
screens in the openings.
In unconfined spaces in buildings, infiltration may be adequate to
provide air for combustion, ventilation and dilution of flue gases.
However, in buildings of unusually tight construction (for example,
weather stripping, heavily insulated, caulked, vapor barrier, etc.)
additional air must be provided using the methods described in
the Confined Space section that follows.
The required size of openings for combustion, ventilation and
dilution air shall be based on the “net free area” of each opening.
Where the free area through a design of louver or grille or screen
is known, it shall be used in calculating the size of opening
required to provide the free area specified. Where the louver and
grille design and free area are not known, it shall be assumed
that wood louvers will have 25% free area and metal louvers and
grilles will have 75% free area. Non motorized louvers and grilles
shall be fixed in the open position.
Confined Space
A Confined Space is one whose volume IS LESS THAN 50 cubic
feet per 1,000 Btu/hr (4.8 cubic meters per kW) of the total input
rating of all appliances installed in the space.
VENTING INSTALLATION
venting
• Do not connect the heater to a common vent or chimney with
solid fuel burning equipment. This practice is prohibited by
many local building codes as is the practice of venting gas
fired equipment to the duct work of ventilation systems.
THE INSTRUCTIONS IN THIS SECTION ON VENTING MUST
BE FOLLOWED TO AVOID CHOKED COMBUSTION OR
RECIRCULATION OF FLUE GASES. SUCH CONDITIONS
CAUSE SOOTING OR RISKS OF FIRE AND ASPHYXIATION.
Heater must be protected from freezing downdrafts.
Remove all soot or other obstructions from the chimney that will
retard a free draft.
Type B venting is recommended with these heaters. For typical
venting application see TECHNICAL DATA VENTING on pages
17 and 18.
FIGURE 11.FIGURE 12.
This water heater must be vented in compliance with all local
codes, the current revision of the National Fuel Gas Code (ANSIZ223.1) and with the Category I Venting Tables.
• Where a separate vent connection is not available and the vent
pipe from the heater must be connected to a common vent with
an oil burning furnace, the vent pipe should enter the smaller
common vent or chimney at a point above the large vent pipe.
If any part of the vent system are exposed to ambient temperatures
below 40°F it must be insulated to prevent condensation.
15
Multiple heater manifold
Outdoor Air Through One Opening
Figure 13 and tables on pages 17 and 18 should be used for
horizontally manifolding two or more heaters.
Figure 15.
Alternatively a single permanent opening, commencing within 12
inches (300 mm) of the top of the enclosure, shall be provided.
See Figure 14. The water heater shall have clearances of at
least 1 inch (25 mm) from the sides and back and 6 inches (l50
mm) from the front of the appliance. The opening shall directly
communicate with the outdoors or shall communicate through a
vertical or horizontal duct to the outdoors or spaces that freely
communicate with the outdoors and shall have a minimum free
area of the following:
1. 1 square inch per 3000 Btu/hr (700 mm2 per kW) of the total input
rating of all appliances located in the enclosure, and
2. Not less than the sum of the areas of all vent connectors in the space.
FIGURE 13.
Fresh Air Openings For Confined Spaces
The following instructions shall be used to calculate the size,
number and placement of openings providing fresh air for
combustion, ventilation and dilution in confined spaces. The
illustrations shown in this section of the manual are a reference
for the openings that provide fresh air into confined spaces
only. DO NOT refer to these illustrations for the purpose of vent
installation. See Venting Installation on page 14 for complete
venting installation instructions.
Outdoor Air Through Two Horizontal Ducts
Outdoor Air Through Two Openings
Figure 16.
The confined space shall be provided with two permanent
horizontal ducts, one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of
the top and one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the
bottom of the enclosure. The horizontal ducts shall communicate
directly with the outdoors. See Figure 16.
Figure 14.
The confined space shall be provided with two permanent
openings, one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the top
and one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the bottom of
the enclosure. The openings shall communicate directly with the
outdoors. See Figure 14.
Each opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square inch
per 4,000 Btu/hr (550 mm2 per kW) of the aggregate input rating
of all appliances installed in the enclosure. Each opening shall
not be less than 100 square inches (645 cm2).
Each duct opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square
inch per 2,000 Btu/hr (1100 mm2 per kW) of the aggregate input
rating of all appliances installed in the enclosure.
When ducts are used, they shall be of the same cross sectional
area as the free area of the openings to which they connect.
The minimum dimension of rectangular air ducts shall be not less
than 3 inches.
16
Outdoor Air Through Two Vertical Ducts
When ducts are used, they shall be of the same cross sectional
area as the free area of the openings to which they connect.
The minimum dimension of rectangular air ducts shall be not less
than 3 inches.
The illustrations shown in this section of the manual are a
reference for the openings that provide fresh air into confined
spaces only.
Air From Other Indoor Spaces
Do not refer to these illustrations for the purpose of vent
installation. See Venting Installation on page 14 for complete
venting installation instructions.
Figure 18.
The confined space shall be provided with two permanent
openings, one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the top
and one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the bottom of
the enclosure. See Figure 18.
Figure 17.
The confined space shall be provided with two permanent vertical
ducts, one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the top and
one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the bottom of the
enclosure. The vertical ducts shall communicate directly with the
outdoors. See Figure 17.
Each opening shall communicate directly with an additional
room(s) of sufficient volume so that the combined volume of all
spaces meets the criteria for an Unconfined Space.
Each opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square inch
per 1,000 Btu/hr (1100 mm2 per kW) of the aggregate input rating
of all appliances installed in the enclosure. Each opening shall
not be less than 100 square inches (645 cm2).
Each duct opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square
inch per 4,000 Btu/hr (550 mm2 per kW) of the aggregate input
rating of all appliances installed in the enclosure.
17
TABLE 7. TECHNICAL DATA VENTING
TYPE B GAS VENT
Multiple Gas Fired Tank-Type Heaters
When venting multiple tank type heaters using Type B vent
pipe, follow the installation diagram (figure 13) and tables
below which give sizing and data based upon NFPA 54/ANSI
Z223. 1992.
MODEL N71120NE
Input: 120,000 Btu/hr
Total Vent Height (Feet)
Vent Connector Size: 5 inches
Number of
Heaters
2
3
4
MODEL N81154NE
Input: 154,000 Btu/hr
Vent Connector Size: 6 inches
Input Btu/hr
120,000
Rise
1 Ft.
120,000
120,000
2 Ft.
3 Ft.
6
6
10
15
20
30
50
Vent Connector Diameter (Inches)
6
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
Combined Input
in Thousands of Btu/hr
8
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
100
5
5
5
5
5
Manifold and Common Vent Diameter (Inches)
240,000
360,000
480,000
7
8
9
7
8
9
6
8
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
9
6
7
8
6
7
8
6
6
7
6
6
7
6
6
6
Total Vent Height (Feet)
Input Btu/hr
154,000
154,000
154,000
Rise
1 Ft.
2 Ft.
3 Ft.
10
15
20
30
50
Vent Connector Diameter (Inches)
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
100
6
6
6
Number of
Heaters
Combined Input
in Thousands of Btu/hr
2
3
308,000
462,000
7
8
7
8
6
7
6
7
6
7
6
6
6
6
6
6
616,000
9
9
9
8
8
7
7
6
4
MODEL N100-180, 199, 200
Input: 180,000 and 199,000 Btu/hr
Vent Connector Size: 6 inches
Manifold and Common Vent Diameter (Inches)
6
Input Btuh/hrRise
180,000
199,000
180,000
199,000
180,000
199,000
1 Ft.
1 Ft.
2 Ft.
2 Ft.
3 Ft.
3 Ft.
7
7
6
7
6
6
Total Vent Height (Feet)
8
10
15
20
30
50
Vent Connector Diameter (Inches)
7
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
100
6
6
6
6
6
6
Number of
Heaters
Combined Input
in Thousands of Btu/hr
2
360,000
398,000
7
7
7
7
6
7
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
540,000
7
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
597,000
720,000
7
6
7
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
796,000
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
3
4
Manifold and Common Vent Diameter (Inches)
18
TABLE 8. TECHNICAL DATA VENTING (Continued)
MODEL N100250NE/A
Input: 250,000 Btu/hrTotal Vent Height (Feet)
Vent Connector Size: 6 inches
6
8
10
15
20
30
50
Input Btuh/hrRiseVent Connector Diameter (Inches)
250,000
1 Ft
8
8
7
7
7
6
6
250,000
2 Ft
7
7
7
7
6
6
6
250,000
3 Ft
7
7
7
7
6
6
6
Number Combined Input
of Heaters
in Thousands of Btu/hr Manifold and Common Vent Diameter (Inches)
2
500,000
9
9
9
8
8
7
7
3
750,000
12
12
10
10
10
9
8
4
1,000,000
14
14
12
12
10
10
9
MODEL N100275NE/A
Input: 275,000 Btu/hrTotal Vent Height (Feet)
Vent Connector Size: 6 inches
6
8
10
15
20
30
50
Input Btu/hrRiseVent Connector Diameter (Inches)
275,000
1 Ft
8
8
7
7
6
6
6
275,000
2 Ft.
8
8
7
7
6
6
6
275,000
3 Ft
7
7
7
7
6
6
6
Number of Combined Input
Heaters
in Thousands of Btu/hrManifold and Common Vent Diameter (Inches)
2
550,000
10
9
9
8
8
8
7
3
825,000
12
12
12
10
9
9
8
4
1,100,000
14
14
14
12
12
10
9
MODEL N85310NE/A
Input: 310,000 Btu/hrTotal Vent Height (Feet)
Vent Connector Size: 6 inches
6
8
10
15
20
30
50
Input Btu/hrRiseVent Connector Diameter (Inches)
310,000
1 Ft.
9
8
8
8
7
7
6
310,000
2 Ft.
8
8
8
7
7
7
6
310,000
3 Ft.
8
8
8
7
7
7
6
Number of Combined Input
Heaters
in Thousands of Btu/hrManifold & Common Vent Diameter
2
620,000
10
10
9
9
8
8
7
3
930,000
14
12
12
12
10
9
9
4
1,240,000
14
14
14
12
12
12
10
MODEL N85366NE/A, N85390NE/A
Input: 366,000, 390,000 Btu/hrTotal Vent Height (Feet)
Vent Connector Size: 6 inches
6
8
10
15
20
30
50
Input Btu/hrRiseVent Connector Diameter (Inches)
366,000
1 Ft
9
9
9
8
8
8
8
390,000
1 Ft
10
9
9
9
8
8
8
366,000
2 Ft
9
9
8
8
8
8
8
390,000
2 Ft
9
9
9
8
8
8
8
366,000
3 Ft
9
8
8
8
8
8
8
390,000
3 Ft
9
9
8
8
8
8
8
Number ofCombined Input
Heaters
in Thousands of Btu/hr Manifold & Common Vent Diameter (Inches)
2
732,000
12
10
10
9
9
9
8
780,000
12
12
10
10
9
9
8
3
1,098,000
14
14
14
12
12
10
9
1,170,000
14
14
14
12
12
10
10
4
1,464,000
16
16
14
14
14
12
12
1,560,000
16
16
16
14
14
12
12
19
100
6
6
6
7
8
9
100
6
6
6
7
8
9
100
6
6
6
7
8
9
100
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
10
10
water heater installation
Water Line Connections
T&P Valve Discharge Pipe
This manual provides detailed installation diagrams (see pages
34-48 of this manual) for typical methods of application for the
water heater(s).
Explosion Hazard
The water heater may be installed by itself, or with a separate
storage tank, on both single and two-temperature systems. When
used with a separate storage tank, the circulation may be either
by gravity or by means of a circulating pump. When a circulating
pump is used it is important to note that the flow rate should be slow
so that there will be a minimum of turbulence inside the heater.
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
must comply with ANSI Z21.22CSA 4.4 and ASME code.
Properly sized temperaturepressure relief valve must be
installed in opening provided.
Water (potable) Heating And Space Heating
1. All piping components connected to this unit for space heating
applications shall be suitable for use with potable water.
Can result in overheating and
excessive tank pressure.
2. Toxic chemicals, such as those used for boiler treatment, shall
NEVER be introduced into this system.
Can cause serious injury or death.
3. This unit may NEVER be connected to any existing heating
system or component(s) previously used with a non-potable
water heating appliance.
This water heater is provided with a properly rated/sized and
certified combination temperature - pressure (T&P) relief valve
by the manufacturer. See Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
on pages 12-13 for information on replacement and other
requirements.
4. When the system requires water for space heating at
temperatures higher than required for domestic water
purposes, a tempering valve must be installed. Please refer
to installation diagrams on pages 34-48 of this manual for
suggested piping arrangements.
CAUTION
Water Damage Hazard
Thermometers (not Supplied)
• Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve discharge
Thermometers should be obtained and field installed as shown in
the installation diagrams.
pipe must terminate at adequate drain.
Thermometers are installed in the system as a means of detecting
the temperature of the outlet water supply.
Install a discharge pipe between the T&P valve discharge opening
and a suitable floor drain. Do not connect discharge piping
directly to the drain unless a 6” (15.2 cm) air gap is provided.
To prevent bodily injury, hazard to life, or property damage, the
relief valve must be allowed to discharge water in adequate
quantities should circumstances demand. If the discharge pipe is
not connected to a drain or other suitable means, the water flow
may cause property damage.
Water Piping Diagrams
This manual provides detailed water piping diagrams for typical
methods of application for the water heaters, see Water Piping
Diagrams beginning on page 34.
The water heater may be installed by itself, or with a separate
storage tank. When used with a separate storage tank, the
circulation may be either by gravity or by means of circulating
pump. When a circulating pump is used, it is important to note
that the flow rate should be slow so that there will be a minimum
of turbulence inside the water heater storage tank.
T&P Valve Discharge Pipe Requirements:
• Shall not be smaller in size than the outlet pipe size of the
valve, or have any reducing couplings or other restrictions.
• Shall not be plugged or blocked.
• Shall not be exposed to freezing temperatures.
• Shall be of material listed for hot water distribution.
• Shall be installed so as to allow complete drainage of both
the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve and the discharge
pipe.
• Must terminate a maximum of six inches above a floor
drain or external to the building. In cold climates, it is
recommended that the discharge pipe be terminated at an
adequate drain inside the building.
• Shall not have any valve or other obstruction between the
relief valve and the drain.
Adjust flow by throttling a full port ball valve installed in the
circulating line on the outlet side of the pump. Never throttle flow
on the suction side of a pump. See the Water Piping Diagrams
beginning on page 34.
Note: In addition to the factory installed Temperature-Pressure
Relief Valve (T&P valve) on the water heater, each remote
storage tank that may be installed and piped to a water heating
appliance must also have its own properly sized, rated and
approved Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve installed.
Call the toll free technical support phone number listed on the
back cover of this manual for further assistance in sizing a T&P
valve for remote storage tanks.
20
Installation diagrams - top inlet/outlet usage
code restrictions
The type, size and location of the relief valves must be in
accordance with local codes. The locations of the relief valves
shown in the installation diagrams are typical. See pages 34-48.
The heater has a factory installed high temperature limit switch
and temperature and pressure relief valve.
Use of the top inlet water connection is not permitted on
installations in the state of North Carolina, due to the material
of the tube (Polypropylene). Where such code restrictions
exist, use only lower inlet tank connection. This may also
require a heat trap piping configuration - check local codes.
The “Top Outlet” connection may still be used on these
applications. Plug or cap all unused openings in the tank
before filling with water.
Cold water lines to heater should be installed as shown in order
to minimize gravity circulation of hot water to building cold water
lines.
TEMPERATURE SETTING SHOULD NOT EXCEED
SAFE USE TEMPERATURE AT FIXTURES. SEE WATER
TEMPERATURE CONTROL AND MIXING VALVES ON
PAGE 11. IF HIGHER PREHEAT TEMPERATURES ARE
NECESSARY TO OBTAIN ADEQUATE BOOSTER OUTPUT,
ADD AN ANTI-SCALD VALVE FOR HOT WATER SUPPLIED
TO FIXTURES.
A listed temperature and pressure relief valve of adequate capacity
is installed on the heater. The locations shown in the installation
diagrams on the following pages are typical.
The discharge opening of the temperature and pressure relief
valve, located in front of the heater must be piped to an open drain
and should not be subject to freezing temperatures.
Install in accordance with all local codes.
Use of the top inlet water connection requires installation of an inlet
dip tube (refer to figure 19). The tube is supplied in the heater.
Follow caution labels if applying heat to this fitting. Do not allow
pipe dope to contact the plastic tube during installation.
TUBE INLET INSTALLATION
FIGURE 19.
21
heater wiring
All electrical work must be installed in accordance with the latest version of the National Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA No. 70 and must conform to all
local code authority having jurisdiction. AN ELECTRICAL GROUND IS REQUIRED TO REDUCE RISK OF ELECTRICAL SHOCK OR POSSIBLE
ELECTROCUTION.
If any of the original wire as supplied with the appliance must be replaced, use only type 105°C thermoplastic or equivalent 2500C type F must be
used for the flame sensor and igniter leads.
The controls of this water heater are polarity sensitive. Be certain to properly wire the hot and neutral connections.
FIGURE 20.
22
GAS PIPING
NEED NOT BE DISCONNECTED, BUT MUST BE ISOLATED FROM
THE SUPPLY PRESSURE TEST BY CLOSING THE MANUAL GAS
SHUTOFF VALVE.
Contact your local gas service company to ensure that adequate gas
service is available and to review applicable installation codes for
your area.
GAS PIPING AND DIRT LEG INSTALLATION
Size the main gas line in accordance with Table 9. The figures shown
are for straight lengths of pipe at 0.5 in. W.C. pressure drop, which is
considered normal for low pressure systems. Note: Fittings such as
elbows, tees and line regulators will add to the pipe pressure drop. Also
refer to the latest version of the National Fuel Gas Code.
Schedule 40 Metallic Pipe is the preferred material for the gas line of
this water heater. It is imperative to follow the sizing recommendations in
the latest version of the National Fuel Gas Code if Corrugated Stainless
Steel Tubing (CSST) is used as the gas line for this water heater.
THE HEATER IS NOT INTENDED FOR OPERATION AT HIGHER
THAN 14.0” W.C.- NATURAL GAS, (1/2 POUND PER SQUARE INCH
GAGE) SUPPLY GAS PRESSURE. EXPOSURE TO HIGHER SUPPLY
PRESSURE MAY CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE GAS VALVE WHICH
COULD RESULT IN FIRE OR EXPLOSION. IF OVERPRESSURE HAS
OCCURRED SUCH AS THROUGH IMPROPER TESTING OF GAS
LINES OR EMERGENCY MALFUNCTION OF THE SUPPLY SYSTEM,
THE GAS VALVE MUST BE CHECKED FOR SAFE OPERATION. MAKE
SURE THAT THE OUTSIDE VENTS ON THE SUPPLY REGULATORS
AND THE SAFETY VENT VALVES ARE PROTECTED AGAINST
BLOCKAGE. THESE ARE PARTS OF THE GAS SUPPLY SYSTEM, NOT
THE HEATER. VENT BLOCKAGE MAY OCCUR DURING ICE STORMS.
FIGURE 21.
PURGING
Gas line purging is required with new piping or systems in which
air has entered.
TABLE 9 - GAS SUPPLY PIPE LENGTHS (IN FEET)
MAXIMUM EQUIVALENT PIPE LENGTH (FEET)
Natural Gas Only
Schedule 40 Iron Pipe - Nominal Diameter
Input Rate
(BTU/HR)
1/2"
3/4"
1"
1 1/4"
120,000
20
70
200
200
154,000
10
40
150
200
180,000
30
100
200
199,000
30
90
200
250,000
20
60
200
275,000
10
50
200
310,000
10
40
150
366,000
30
100
390,000
20
100
Natural Gas 0.60 Specific Gravity, 0.50" W.C. Pressure Drop
PURGING SHOULD BE PERFORMED BY PERSONS
EXPERIENCED IN THIS TYPE GAS SERVICE. TO AVOID RISK
OF FIRE OR EXPLOSION, PURGE DISCHARGE MUST NOT
ENTER CONFINED AREAS OR SPACES WHERE IGNITION CAN
OCCUR. THE AREA MUST BE WELL VENTILATED AND ALL
SOURCES OF IGNITION MUST BE INACTIVATED OR REMOVED.
1 1/2"
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
GAS METER SIZE — NATURAL GASES ONLY
Be sure the gas meter has sufficient capacity to supply the full
rated gas input of the water heater as well as the requirements of
all other gas fired equipment supplied by the meter. If gas meter
is too small, ask the gas company to install a larger meter having
adequate capacity.
IT IS IMPORTANT TO GUARD AGAINST GAS VALVE FOULING FROM
CONTAMINANTS IN THE GAS WAYS. SUCH FOULING MAY CAUSE
IMPROPER OPERATION, FIRE OR EXPLOSION.
GAS PRESSURE REGULATOR
IF COPPER SUPPLY LINES ARE USED THEY MUST BE INTERNALLY
TINNED AND CERTIFIED FOR GAS SERVICE. BEFORE ATTACHING
THE GAS LINE, BE SURE THAT ALL GAS PIPE IS CLEAN ON THE
INSIDE.
The gas pressure regulator is built into the gas valve and is
equipped to operate on the gas specified on model and rating
plate. The regulator is factory adjusted to deliver gas to burner at
correct water column pressure allowing for a nominal pressure
drop through the controls.
TO TRAP ANY DIRT OR FOREIGN MATERIAL IN THE GAS SUPPLY
LINE, A DIRT LEG (SOMETIMES CALLED SEDIMENT TRAP OR DRIP
LEG) MUST BE INCORPORATED IN THE PIPING (SEE FIG. 21). THE
DIRT LEG MUST BE READILY ACCESSIBLE AND NOT SUBJECT
TO FREEZING CONDITIONS. INSTALL IN ACCORDANCE WITH
RECOMMENDATIONS OF SERVING GAS SUPPLIERS. REFER TO
THE LATEST VERSION OF THE NATIONAL FUEL GAS CODE.
The minimum gas supply pressure for input adjustment must not
be less than 5.2" w.c. (1.12 kPa) for natural gas.
Do not subject the combination gas valve to inlet gas pressures
of more than 14.0” W.C. (3.48 kPa) - natural gas. A supply gas
regulator is necessary if higher gas pressures are encountered. If a
supply gas regulator is installed on the gas supply line, the maximum
recommended pressure for the regulated gas supply is 11" W.C.
To prevent damage, care must be taken not to apply too much torque
when attaching gas supply pipe to gas valve inlet.
Apply joint compounds (pipe dope) sparingly and only to the male threads
of pipe joints. Do not apply compounds to the first two threads. Use compounds resistant to the action of liquefied petroleum gases.
Gas pressure specified in Table 10, refer to flow pressure taken
at pressure tap of automatic gas valve while heater is operating.
BEFORE PLACING THE HEATER IN OPERATION, CHECK FOR GAS
LEAKAGE. Use soap and water solution or other material acceptable for
the purpose in locating the leaks. DO NOT USE MATCHES, CANDLES,
FLAME OR OTHER SOURCES OF IGNITION FOR THIS PURPOSE.
TABLE 10.
MANIFOLD GAS PRESSURE IN INCHES
OF WATER COLUMN (ALL MODELS*)
DISCONNECT THE HEATER AND ITS MANUAL GAS SHUTOFF VALVE
FROM THE GAS SUPPLY PIPING SYSTEM DURING ANY SUPPLY
PRESSURE TESTING EXCEEDING 1/2 PSIG. GAS SUPPLY LINE
MUST BE CAPPED WHEN DISCONNECTED FROM THE HEATER.
FOR TEST PRESSURES OF 1/2 PSIG OR LESS THE APPLIANCE
TYPE OF GAS
NATURAL
3.5 (0.87 kPa)
23
OPERATION
IMPORTANT
THE GAS VALVE MUST HAVE BEEN IN THE OFF POSITION FOR
AT LEAST 5 MINUTES. This waiting period is an important safety
step. Its purpose is to permit gas that may have accumulated in the
combustion chamber to clear. IF YOU DETECT GAS ODOR AT
THE END OF THIS PERIOD DO NOT PROCEED WITH LIGHTING.
RECOGNIZE THAT GAS EVEN IF IT SEEMS WEAK, MAY
INDICATE PRESENCE OF ACCUMULATED GAS SOMEPLACE
IN THE AREA WITH RISK OF FIRE OR EXPLOSION. SEE THE
FRONT PAGE FOR STEPS TO BE TAKEN.
A qualified person must perform the initial firing of the heater. At
this time the user should not hesitate to ask the individual any
questions which they may have in regard to the operation and
maintenance of the unit.
An Operational Checklist is included at the rear of this manual. By
using this checklist the user may be able to make minor operational
adjustments and avoid unnecessary service calls. However, the
user should not attempt repairs which are not listed under the
USER column.
All gas and water lines must be leak tested and open.
Read SEQUENCE OF OPERATION section of this manual prior
to lighting and operating this appliance.
GENERAL
NEVER OPERATE THE HEATER WITHOUT FIRST BEING CERTAIN
With above conditions satisfied, start the unit in accordance with
the instructions on the operating label attached to the heater. For
your convenience a copy of the instructions are shown on page
24. Each heater is equipped with an ignition control board. The
controller will try three times to light the main burner before going
into lockout. After the controller tries three times, it will wait one
hour before trying to light the unit again. This cycle will continue
until the main burners are ignited or the unit is shut down.
IT IS FILLED WITH WATER AND A TEMPERATURE AND
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE IS INSTALLED IN THE RELIEF
VALVE OPENING OF THE HEATER.
SHOULD OVERHEATING OCCUR OR THE GAS SUPPLY FAIL
TO SHUT OFF, TURN OFF THE MANUAL GAS CONTROL VALVE
TO THE APPLIANCE.
Before proceeding with the operation of the unit make sure the water
heater and system are filled with water and all air is expelled.
ADJUSTMENTS
FILLING
ON INITIAL STARTUP SOME ADJUSTMENTS ARE NECESSARY.
1. CHECK MANIFOLD AND INLET GAS PRESSURES.
1. Close the heater drain valve by turning handle clockwise.
2. Open a nearby hot water faucet to permit the air in the system
to escape.
3. Fully open the cold water inlet pipe valve allowing the heater
and piping to be filled.
4. Close the hot water faucet as water starts to flow.
5. The heater is ready to be operated.
2. CYCLE CHECK - CHECK AT LEAST ONE BURNER OPERATION
- WHEN THERMOSTAT IS SATISFIED, BURNER WILL SHUT
OFF AND INDUCER WILL STOP RUNNING. ON CALL FOR
HEAT - THE INDUCER WILL COME ON AND CLOSE THE
PRESSURE SWITCH AND THE IGNITION SEQUENCE
DESCRIBED ABOVE WILL BEGIN, SEE “SEQUENCE OF
OPERATION”.
SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
11.From the time the Silicon Nitride Igniter’s power is shut off,
the Ignition Control Board waits 3 more seconds to monitor
the Flame Sensor.
12. If the Flame Sensor does not detect a strong enough flame,
the Ignition Control Board shuts off the Gas Valve and allows
the Exhaust Inducer to purge the unit for 20 seconds. At that
time, the Ignition Control Board restarts with step 7. It will try
and ignite the main burners 2 more times. If the unit does not
light, the Ignition Control Board will wait one hour and then
restart at step 3. This cycle will continue until the unit lights
or the power is shutoff to the unit.
13. If the Flame Sensor detects a strong flame, the Ignition Control
Board will allow the unit to operate until the thermostat is
satisfied.
14. Once the unit is satisfied, the Ignition Control Board will shut
off the Gas Valve and the unit will be in standby mode until
another call for heat is initiated by the thermostat.
The following information will describe the Sequence of Operation for
this appliance.
1. Switch power on to unit.
2. Thermostat calls for heat.
3. Ignition Control Board performs diagnostic check on system
components.
4. On completion of diagnostics check, the Ignition Control Board
sends signal to Exhaust Inducer.
5. Exhaust Inducer begins drawing air through appliance closing
the Prover Switch.
6. On completion of Prover Switch engagement, the Ignition
Control Board begins the ignition cycle.
7. The Ignition Control Board provides power to the Silicon
Nitride Igniter.
8. The Silicon Nitride Igniter heats up for approximately 17 to
20 seconds.
9. At the end of Silicon Nitride Igniter’s warm-up, the Ignition
Control Board opens the Gas Valve.
10.From the time the Gas Valve opens, the Ignition Control Board waits
3 seconds and then shuts off power to the Silicon Nitride Igniter.
See the flow chart on page 32 for more information.
24
LIGHTING & OPERATION LABEL
FIGURE 22.
25
CHECKING VENTING
The following steps shall be followed with each appliance
connected to the venting system placed in operation, while any
other appliances connected to the venting system are not in
operation.
1. Seal any unused openings in the venting system.
FIGURE 23. IGNITER
2. Inspect the venting system for proper size and horizontal pitch,
as required in the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1or the
CAN/CGA B149 Installation Codes and these instructions.
Determine that there is no blockage or restriction, leakage,
corrosion and other deficiencies which could cause an unsafe
condition.
MAIN BURNER
The main burner, figure 24, should display the following
characteristics:
• Cause rapid ignition and carry across entire burner.
3. So far as is practical, close all building doors and windows
and all doors between the space in which the water heater(s)
connected to the venting system are located and other spaces
of the building. Turn on all appliances not connected to the
venting system. Turn on all exhaust fans, such as range hoods
and bathroom exhausts, so they shall operate at maximum
speed. Close fireplace dampers.
• Give reasonably quiet operation during ignition, burning, and
extinction.
• Cause no excessive lifting of flame from burner ports.
4. Follow the lighting instruction. Place the water heater being
inspected in operation. Adjust thermostat so appliance shall
operate continuously.
FIGURE 24.
5. Test for spillage at the burner level after 5 minutes of main
burner operation.
If the preceding burner characteristics are not evident, check for
accumulation of lint, scale or other foreign debris that restricts or
blocks the air openings to the burner or heater.
6. After it has been determined that each appliance connected
to the venting system properly vents when tested as outlined
above, return doors, windows, exhaust fans, fireplace
dampers and any other gas burning appliance to their previous
conditions of use.
NOTE:
1.Remove main burners from unit.
2. Check that burner venturi and ports are free of foreign debris.
3. Clean burners with bristle brush and/or vacuum cleaner - DO
NOT distort burner ports or pilot location.
7. If improper venting is observed during any of the above tests,
the venting system must be corrected.
4.Reinstall burners in unit. Make sure front and rear of burners
are installed correctly in burner support brackets.
FAILURE TO CORRECT BACK DRAFTS MAY CAUSE AIR
CONTAMINATION AND UNSAFE CONDITIONS.
Also check for good flow of combustion and ventilating air to the
unit. Maintain a clear area around the heater at all times.
• If the back draft cannot be corrected by the normal method or
if a suitable draft cannot be obtained, a blower type flue gas
exhauster must be employed to assure proper venting and
correct combustion.
gas valves
Figure 25 shows the type of combination manual gas control valve
and regulator used on these heaters.
CHECK THE IGNITER ASSEMBLY
If the gas valve becomes defective, repairs should not be
attempted. A new valve should be installed in place of the
defective one.
At least once a year, check the igniter assembly, Figure 23, and
the main burner, Figure 24, for proper operation. Refer to the
following igniter assembly and main burner sections.
IGNITER ASSEMBLY
For access to igniter assembly, unfasten two screws to burner
cover and remove. Locate the burner with the igniter assembly
and remove screw holding burner to manifold. Slide burner out
to access igniter assembly.
Servicing of the igniter assembly includes keeping the igniter free
of lint, scale or any other foreign debris.
FIGURE 25.
26
CHECKING THE INPUT
For appliance installation locations with elevations above 2000
feet, refer to HIGH ALTITUDE INSTALLATIONS section of this
manual for input reduction procedure.
Should it be necessary to adjust the gas pressure to the
burners to obtain the full input rate, the steps below should
be followed:
1. Attach a pressure gauge or a manometer to the manifold
pressure tap on the gas valve and refer to Table 10, for correct
manifold pressure.
3. Remove the regulator adjustment sealing cap and adjust the
pressure by turning the adjusting screw with a screwdriver. See
Figure 25.
2.Use this formula to “clock” the meter. Be sure that other gas
consuming appliances are not operating during this interval.
(3600/T) x H = Btuh
T = Time in seconds to burn one cubic foot of gas.
H = Btu’s per cubic foot of gas.
Btuh = Actual heater input.
T = 15.1 seconds
H = 1050 Btu
Btuh = ?
Clockwise to increase gas pressure and input rate.
Counterclockwise to decrease gas pressure and input rate.
4. “Clock” the meter as in step 2 above.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 until the specified input rate is achieved.
6. Turn the gas control knob to PILOT. Remove the pressure
gauge and replace the sealing cap and the Allen wrench set
screw in the pressure tap opening.
Example: (Using N100 250NE heater)
(3600/15.1) x 1050 = 250,000 (Compare with N100 250NE
model and rating.)
UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHOULD THE GAS INPUT EXCEED
THE INPUT SHOWN ON THE HEATER MODEL AND RATING
PLATE. OVERFIRING COULD RESULT IN DAMAGE OR SOOTING
OF THE HEATER.
27
mAINTENANCE
venting system
Examine the venting system every six months for obstructions
and/or deterioration of the vent piping.
Remove all soot or other obstructions from chimney which will
retard free draft.
remote storage tank temperature control
The water temperature in the remote storage tank (if used) is
controlled by the storage tank temperature control. The sensing
element is mounted in the hot water storage tank, see Water
Piping Diagram section.
FIGURE 26.
If the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve on the water heater
weeps or discharges periodically, this may be due to thermal
expansion.
A change in water temperature in the storage tank lower than
the tank temperature control setting will cause the sensor to
activate the circulating pump. The pump then circulates the
water through the heater where the thermostat senses the drop
in water temperature and activates main burner operation of the
appliance.
NOTE: Excessive water pressure is the most common cause of
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve leakage. Excessive water
system pressure is most often caused by "thermal expansion"
in a "closed system." See Closed Water Systems and Thermal
Expansion on page 12. The Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
is not intended for the constant relief of thermal expansion.
If the storage tank temperature control is out of calibration, replace
with new control.
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve leakage due to pressure
build up in a closed system that does not have a thermal
expansion tank installed is not covered under the limited
warranty. Thermal expansion tanks must be installed on all
closed water systems.
SHOULD OVERHEATING OCCUR OR THE GAS SUPPLY FAIL
TO SHUT OFF, TURN OFF THE MANUAL GAS CONTROL VALVE
TO THE APPLIANCE.
temperature-Pressure relief Valve test
DO NOT PLUG THE TEMPERATURE-PRESSURE RELIEF
VALVE OPENING. THIS CAN CAUSE PROPERTY DAMAGE,
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
Burn hazard.
Hot water discharge.
Explosion Hazard
Keep clear of TemperaturePressure Relief Valve
discharge outlet.
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
must comply with ANSI Z21.22CSA 4.4 and ASME code.
Properly sized temperaturepressure relief valve must be
installed in opening provided.
It is recommended that the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
should be checked to ensure that it is in operating condition every
6 months.
Can result in overheating and
excessive tank pressure.
When checking the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve operation,
make sure that (1) no one is in front of or around the outlet of the
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve discharge line, and (2) that
the water discharge will not cause any property damage, as the
water may be extremely hot. Use care when operating valve as
the valve may be hot.
Can cause serious injury or death.
hot water odor
To check the relief valve, lift the lever at the end of the valve
several times, see Figure 26. The valve should seat properly and
operate freely.
On occasion, hot water may develop a strong odor. If this occurs
drain the heater completely, flush thoroughly, and refill. If the
problem persists, chlorination of the heater and replacement
of magnesium anodes with aluminum anodes may correct the
condition.
If after manually operating the valve, it fails to completely reset and
continues to release water, immediately close the cold water inlet
to the water heater and drain the water heater, see Draining And
Flushing on page 28. Replace the Temperature-Pressure Relief
Occasionally water softener companies recommend removal of
heater anodes for odor reasons.
Valve with a properly rated/sized new one, see TemperaturePressure Relief Valve on pages 12-13 for instructions on
replacement.
Unauthorized removal of the anode(s) will void the warranty. For
further information contact your dealer.
28
anode rod inspection
the water is no longer hot. Then close the hot water faucet.
4. Connect a hose to the drain valve and terminate it to an
adequate drain.
5. Ensure the drain hose is secured before and during the
entire flushing procedure. Flushing is performed with system
water pressure applied to the water heater.
6. Open the water heater drain valve to flush the storage tank.
7. Flush the water heater storage tank to remove sediment and
allow the water to flow until it runs clean.
8. Close the water heater drain valve when flushing is completed.
9. Remove the drain hose.
10. Fill the water heater - see Filling The Water Heater in this manual.
11. Turn on the electrical supply to place the water heater back
in operation.
12. Allow the water heater to complete several heating cycles to
ensure it is operating properly.
CAUTION
Property Damage Hazard
• Avoid water heater damage.
• Inspection and replacement of anode rod required.
The anode rod is used to protect the tank from corrosion. Most
hot water tanks are equipped with an anode rod. The submerged
rod sacrifices itself to protect the tank. Instead of corroding tank,
water ions attack and eat away the anode rod. This does not affect
water’s taste or color. The rod must be maintained to keep tank in
operating condition.
Anode deterioration depends on water conductivity, not necessarily
water condition. A corroded or pitted anode rod indicates high
water conductivity and should be checked and/or replaced more
often than an anode rod that appears to be intact. Replacement
of a depleted anode rod can extend the life of your water heater.
Inspection should be conducted by a qualified technician, and at
a minimum should be checked annually after the warranty period.
recommended procedure for periodic
removal of lime deposits from tank type
commercial water heaters
The amount of calcium carbonate (lime) released from water is
in direct proportion to water temperature and usage, see chart.
The higher the water temperature or water usage, the more lime
deposits are dropped out of the water. This is the lime scale
which forms in pipes, heaters and on cooking utensils.
Lime accumulation not only reduces the life of equipment but also
reduces efficiency of the heater and increases fuel consumption.
The usage of water softening equipment greatly reduces the hardness
of the water. However, this equipment does not always remove all of
the hardness (lime). For this reason it is recommended that a regular
schedule for deliming be maintained.
The time between cleaning will vary from weeks to months
depending upon water conditions and usage.
The depth of lime buildup should be measured periodically. Heaters
equipped with cleanouts will have about 2" of lime buildup when
the level of lime has reached the bottom of the cleanout opening. A
schedule for deliming should then be set up,based on the amount
of time it would take for a 1" buildup of lime. It is recommended that
the water heater initially be inspected after 6 months.
Example 1:
If initial inspection after 6 months shows 1/2" of lime accumulation.
Therefore, the heater should be delimed once a year.
Example 2:
If initial inspection after 6 months shows 2" of lime accumulation.
Therefore, the heater should be delimed every 3 months.
Artificially softened water is exceedingly corrosive because the
process substitutes sodium ions for magnesium and calcium ions.
The use of a water softener may decrease the life of the water
heater tank.
The anode rod should be removed from the water heater tank
every 3 years for inspection. NOTE: artificially softened water
requires the anode rod to be inspected annually.
Draining and flushing
Burn harzard.
Hot water discharge.
Keep hands clear of drain
valve discharge.
It is recommended that the water heater storage tank be drained
and flushed every 6 months to reduce sediment buildup. The
water heater should be drained if being shut down during freezing
temperatures. See Features And Components in this manual for
the location of the water heater components described below.
TO DRAIN THE WATER HEATER STORAGE TANK:
1. Turn off the electrical supply to the water heater.
2. Turn off the gas supply at the Main Gas Shutoff Valve if the
water heater is going to be shut down for an extended period.
3. Ensure the cold water inlet valve is open.
4. Open a nearby hot water faucet and let the water run until
the water is no longer hot.
5. Close the cold water inlet valve to the water heater.
6. Connect a hose to the water heater drain valve and terminate
it to an adequate drain.
7. Open the water heater drain valve and allow all the water to
drain from the storage tank.
8. Close the water heater drain valve when all water in the
storage tank has drained.
9. Close the hot water faucet opened in Step 4.
10. If the water heater is going to be shut down for an extended
period, the drain valve should be left open.
TO FLUSH THE WATER HEATER STORAGE TANK:
1. Turn off the electrical supply to the water heater.
2. Ensure the cold water inlet valve is open.
3. Open a nearby hot water faucet and let the water run until
FIGURE 27.
29
deliming solvents
A. O. Smith recommends the use of UN•LIME for deliming.
UN•LIME is a patented food grade acid which is safe to handle
and does not create the harmful fumes which are associated
with other products.
Explosion Hazard
Flammable hydrogen gases
may be present.
UN•LIME may be obtained from your dealer, distributor or A. O.
Smith Product Service Division. Order Part Number 9005416105,
1 gallon, packed 4 gallons per case or Part Number 9005417105,
5 gallon container.
Keep all ignition sources away
from faucet when turning on
hot water.
NOTE: Un•Lime is not available for use in Canada.
Hydrochloric base acids are not recommended for use on glass
lined tanks.
Do not smoke or have open flame or sparks in vicinity of heater.
Do not mix UN•LIME with other chemicals. Do not allow contact
with magnesium, aluminum or galvanized metals.
Observe handling instructions on label of product being used.
tank Cleanout Procedure
The following practices will ensure longer life and enable the
unit to operate at its designed efficiency:
Chemical Hazard
1. Once a month the heater should be flushed. Open the drain
valve and allow two gallons of water to drain from the heater.
Inlet water valve should remain open to maintain pressure
in tank.
• Product contains phosphoric acid.
• Keep out of reach of children.
• Use rubber or neoprene gloves.
2. A cleanout opening is provided for periodic cleaning of the
tank. Gas must be shut off and heater drained before opening
cleanout.
Contains phosphoric acid. In case of external contact, flush
with cool water. If irritation persists, get medical attention. If
swallowed, give 1 or 2 glasses of water or milk and call physician.
To clean heater through cleanout opening, proceed as follows:
3. Drain heater.
Get immediate medical attention for eyes. Keep out of reach of
children.
4. Remove outer cover plate from lower side of heater jacket.
5. Remove six (6) hex head screws securing tank cleanout plate
and remove plate.
NOTE: THE USE OF RUBBER OR NEOPRENE GLOVES IS
RECOMMENDED, ESPECIALLY IF YOU HAVE ANY OPEN
SORES OR CUTS TO AVOID UNNECESSARY IRRITATION
OR DISCOMFORT.
6. Remove lime, scale, or sediment using care not to damage
the glass lining.
1. Turn off fuel and/or power supply to heater. Also, turn
off power to any electrical device or equipment, which is
attached, or part of the system.
7. Inspect cleanout plate gasket, if new gasket is required,
replace with part no. 9004099215.
8. Install cleanout plate. Be sure to draw plate up tight by
tightening screws securely.
2. Open hot water side of faucet closest to heater and allow
water to run until it is cool enough to handle safely.
9. Replace outer jacket cover plate.
3. Close cold water inlet valve to heater.
In some water areas the sediment might not be removed by this
method and may result in the water heater making rumbling or
boiling noises. To dissolve and remove these more stubborn
mineral deposits, A. O. Smith UN•LIME Professional Delimer
should be used.
4. Connect hose to drain valve at bottom of heater and start
draining heater into suitable floor drain area.
5. Remove relief valve while heater is draining. NOTE: Do not
replace relief valve until deliming is completed. Relief valve
opening will also act as a vent in case of possible contact
between the delimer and the anode rod(s), which may
produce flammable hydrogen-air mixtures.
DELIMING USING FLO-JUG METHOD
UN•LIME in the 5 gallon size is recommended for deliming of all
models. Contact your local A.O. Smith dealer, distributor or, A.O.
Smith Water Products Company:
6. If relief valve appears to be limed-up, place it in a clean glass
or plastic container adequate in size so that you can pour
enough UN•LIME® into the container to cover the valve and
allow space for foaming. When foaming stops, run fresh cool
water into the container and rinse the relief valve for a few
minutes.
Telephone: (800) 433-2545
Fax: (800) 433-2515
7. If heater does not drain completely after a reasonable
length of time, turn off the main water supply valve to stop
water from entering the tank due to a by-pass problem or
defective cold water inlet valve. Also, check for clogged drain
valve opening. Heater must be completely drained before
introducing UN•LIME.
Website: www.hotwater.com/parts
Prepare the Water Heater
To delime the water heater using the Flo-Jug method, first
prepare the heater for deliming.
30
8. Remove the cleanout cover and place a clean plastic bucket
next to the cleanout opening.
Note: To check UN•LIME for continued use, place some scale
or white chalk in a glass with a small amount of UN•LIME. If
the material is vigorously dissolved by the UN•LIME, it can be
reused; if not, the UN•LIME should be replaced.
Partially open the cold water inlet valve to allow time to
accomplish the following and then close the valve.
While the water is being run through the tank, insert a
stiff wire, copper tube flattened at one end or an opened
wire coat hanger through the cleanout opening and
scrape out any loose deposits of scale or sediment. This
is an economical way to avoid unnecessary usage of the
deliming solution.
Repeat the opening and closing of the cold water inlet valve
as necessary but be sure the heater is completely drained
when ready to introduce the UN•LIME.
Upon completion, reinstall the cleanout cover and use a new
cleanout cover gasket (part number 9004099215).
Remove the drain valve.
9. Install the long plastic male adapter insert fitting into the drain
valve opening of heater after applying Teflon tape or paste to
threads. Tighten firmly by hand and use wrench or adjustable
pliers to check for secure connection. Do not over tighten to
avoid damage to threads and fittings.
FIGURE 28.
ignition module system
Before calling your service agent, the following checklist should
be examined to eliminate obvious problems from those requiring
replacement or servicing.
Prepare the Up-N-Down Transfer Kit
The next step is the preparation on the Up-N-Down Transfer Kit,
if you have not already done so:
• Check that “main manual gas shutoff valve” is fully open and
that gas service has not been interrupted.
1. With the 5 gallon Up-N-Down container in the vertical
position, unscrew the plastic vent cap in the handle and
pierce the plastic membrane over the vent boss under the
cap to allow the container to vent.
• Check that after following the appliance OPERATING
INSTRUCTIONS, the “Top Knob” of the appliance gas valve
is in “ON” position.
Note: If your container does not have the vent cap and vent
boss, drill a 3/16” hole in the handle. When you have finished
deliming you will be able to plug this drilled vent with the
stainless steel screw that is supplied with the kit.
• Check electrical supply to the appliance for possible blown
(or tripped) fusing or power interruption. Also check the 3
amp fuse on the front of the digital thermostat (Fig. 2).
• Is the water temperature in tank below the thermostat dial
setting on the appliance thermostat (calling for heat)?
2. Remove the container’s cap and cut the plastic membrane
located in the 3/4” IPT opening in the cap. Take care to not
damage the threads.
• It is possible that the high limit (E.C.O.) has functioned to
shut off the appliance. See High Limit page 7 - High Limit
Switch for reset procedure. Contact your service agent if
limit continues to function to shut off appliance.
3. Find the 3/4” male adapter, apply teflon tape to the threaded
end and screw it into the 3/4” IPT opening in the cap.
system diagnostics
4. Put cap with male adapter back on the container and slide
3/4” hose over end of male adapter and fasten in place using
hose clamp provided.
Your water heater is equipped with an ignition module that
incorporates a diagnostic system to assist in troubleshooting
the appliance. The indicator codes on the ignition module are
as follows:
Delime using Flo-Jug Method
5. Slide the hose clamp over end of hose and slide hose over
the male adapter in the water heater drain opening and
secure in place using hose clamp.
TABLE 11:
1 FLASH
6. Lift container to the “Pour” Position, see Figure 28, being
careful to keep the vent in the handle above the liquid level
and pour the UN•LIME into the heater.
7. Lower container, you may have to place the container on its
empty carton to prevent the UN•LIME from flowing back into
the container.
8. Let UN•LIME remain in the heater for 5 minutes and then
lower the container to the “Drain” Position, see Figure 28.
Pressure switch stuck close
3 FLASHES
Pressure switch stuck open
4 FLASHES
Open on high temperature limit switch (eco)
6 FLASHES
115 volt AC power reversed (check polarity)
7 FLASHES
Low flame sense signal (make sure flame sensor is in
burner flame)
8 FLASHES
Check igniter
continuous flash -> continuous flame sensed > 5 seconds
without gas valve
9. Deliming activity is indicated by foaming on the surface of the
UN•LIME. If there is deliming activity, repeat steps 6 thru 8.
Normally, lime removal will be completed within one hour.
Severe build-up of lime may take longer than an hour to complete
descaling.
System lockout (retries or cycles exceeded)
2 FLASHES
continuous on -> internal control failure - replace ignition control module.
Use this diagnostic system in conjunction with “OPERATIONAL
CHECKLIST” and the “SEQUENCE OF OPERATION” to
troubleshoot the appliance.
31
SERVICE
ELECTRICAL SERVICING
The installer may be able to observe and correct certain problems
which may arise when the unit is put into operation. HOWEVER,
it is recommended that only qualified service agents, using
appropriate test equipment, be allowed to service the heater.
As preliminary step, check wiring against diagram, check for
grounded, broken or loose wires. Check all wire ends to be sure
that they are making good contact.
LABEL ALL WIRES PRIOR TO DISCONNECTION WHEN SERVICING
CONTROLS. WIRING ERRORS CAN CAUSE IMPROPER AND
DANGEROUS OPERATION.
VERIFY PROPER OPERATION AFTER SERVICING.
For Your Information
c. A sulfate reducing bacteria which has accumulated
within the water heater (this harmless bacteria is
nontoxic to humans).
start up conditions
SMOKE/ODOR
d. An excess of active hydrogen in the tank. This is caused
by the corrosion protective action of the anode.
It is not uncommon to experience a small amount of smoke and
odor during the initial start-up. This is due to burning off of oil
from metal parts, and will disappear in a short while.
Smelly water may be eliminated or reduced in some water heater
models by replacing the anode(s) with one of less active material,
and then chlorinating the water heater tank and all water lines.
STRANGE SOUNDS
Possible noises due to expansion and contraction of some metal
parts during periods of heat-up and cool-down do not necessarily
represent harmful or dangerous conditions.
Contact the local water heater supplier or service agency for
further information concerning an Anode Replacement Kit and
this chlorination treatment.
Condensation causes sizzling and popping within the burner area
during heating and cooling periods and should be considered
normal. See “Condensation" section in this manual.
If smelly water persists after anode replacement and chlorination
treatment, we can only suggest that chlorination or aeration of the
water supply be considered to eliminate the water problem.
CONDENSATION
Do not remove the anode leaving the tank unprotected. By doing
so, all warranty on the water heater tank is voided.
Whenever the water heater is filled with cold water, some
condensate will form while the burner is on. A water heater may
appear to be leaking when in fact the water is condensation. This
usually happens when:
“AIR” IN HOT WATER FAUCETS
HYDROGEN GAS: Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot water
system that has not been used for a long period of time (generally
two weeks or more). Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable and
explosive. To prevent the possibility of injury under these conditions,
we recommend the hot water faucet, located farthest away, be
opened for several minutes before any electrical appliances
which are connected to the hot water system are used (such as
a dishwasher or washing machine). If hydrogen gas is present,
there will probably be an unusual sound similar to air escaping
through the pipe as the hot water faucet is opened. There must be
no smoking or open flame near the faucet at the time it is open.
a. A new water heater is filled with cold water for the first time.
b. Burning gas produces water vapor in water heaters, particularly
high efficiency models where flue temperatures are lower.
c. Large amounts of hot water are used in a short time and the
refill water in the tank is very cold.
Moisture from the products of combustion condense on the cooler
tank surfaces and form drops of water which may fall onto the burner
or other hot surfaces to produce a “sizzling” or “frying” noise.
operational conditions
HIGH WATER TEMPERATURE SHUT OFF SYSTEM
SMELLY WATER
This water heater is equipped with an automatic reset type high limit
(Energy Cutoff) sensor. The high limit switch interrupts the main
burner gas flow should water temperature reach 195°F (91°C).
In each water heater there is installed at least one anode rod for
corrosion protection of the tank. Certain water conditions will
cause a reaction between this rod and the water. The most
common complaint associated with the anode rod is one of a
“rotten egg smell” in the hot water. The smell is a result of four
factors which must all be present for the odor to develop:
The high limit will automatically reset when the water temperature
drops below 140°F (60°C). After cooling the tank temperature,
turn off the electric power to the water heater for at least 10
seconds by using the switch on the front of the control box. Turn
on the water heater. If this fails to correct the problem, contact
your plumber or service representative.
a. A concentration of sulfate in the supply water.
b. Little or no dissolved oxygen in the water.
32
SEQUENCE OF OPERATION FLOW CHART
Description of this flow chart can be found in the “SEQUENCE OF OPERATION” section found on page 23.
FIGURE 29
33
operational checklist
COMPLAINT
*Water not hot enough
CAUSE
USER
REMEDY
SERVICE AGENT
Thermostat set too low.
Set thermostat dial to a higher
temperature
Upper and/or lower temperature
probe out of calibration.
Call service agent
*Insufficient hot water
Thermostat set too low.
*See WATER TEMPERATURE
CONTROL WARNING (on page
11).
Set thermostat dial to a higher
temperature
Upper and/or lower temperature
probe out of calibration.
Call service agent
Main manual gas shutoff valve
partially closed.
Open main manual gas shutoff
valve to fullest extent.
Heater too small for demand.
Space usage to give heater time
to restore water temperature.
Heater recovery is slower.
Call service agent
Check gas input. If incorrect, adjust gas
pressure or replace burner orifices.
Gas pressure switch doesn't close.
Call service agent
Temporarily bypass the gas pressure
switch connections and measure
gas supply pressure while the unit is
running. If less than 5.2" WC, adjust
the gas supply pressure above 5.2" but
less than 11". If greater than 5.2" WC,
replace the gas pressure switch.
Water temperature too hot.
Thermostat set too high.
Set thermostat to a lower setting.
Heater makes sounds: sizzling.
Condensation on outside of
tank, normal.
Rumbling.
Sediment accumulation on
bottom of tank.
Ticking or metallic sounds.
Expansion and contraction normal.
Pounding.
Air chambers in piping have
become waterlogged.
Drain piping system and refill.
Heater must be off while this is
being done.
Combustion noises.
Too much primary air.
Call service agent.
Overfired heater; Incorrect
burners or orifice for type of gas
used.
Call service agent.
Drain valve not closed tightly.
If drain valve cannot be closed
tightly, replace.
Possible condensation if tank
is undersized or stored water is
below 110 degrees.
Increase tank temperature
setting (add a mixing valve
if setting will be above 120
degrees).
If leakage source cannot be
corrected or identified, call
service agent.
Shut off gas supply to heater
and close cold water inlet valve
to heater.
Repair or in case of suspected tank
leakage, be certain to confirm before
replacing heater.
Heater is over fired
Shut off gas supply to heater
and call a service agent.
Check for sooted flue passage.
Water leaks.
Gas odors.
Check continuity and resistance (Ohms)
of upper and lower temperature probes.
Replace probes if out of specification.
Check continuity and resistance (Ohms)
of upper and lower temperature probes.
Replace probes if out of specification.
Drain a quantity of water through Delime heater.
drain valve. If rumbling persists,
call a service agent.
Check and correct as necessary.
Check for obstructed vent line.
Check backdraft or lack of draft
Possible gas leaks.
Shut off gas supply to heater
and call gas company at once
34
35
ALT. COLD WATER
CONNECTION
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED
FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE - (1 UNIT) WITH VERTICAL STORAGE TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
EXPANSION
TANK
DRAIN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
HOT WATER RETURN
FROM FIXTURES
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
LEGEND
water Piping Diagrams
36
HOT WATER TO FIXTURES
ALTERNATE
LOCATION
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED
FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE - (1 UNIT) WITH HORIZONTAL STORAGE TANK
DRAIN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
HOT WATER
RETURN FROM
FIXTURES
CIRCULATING PUMP
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
LEGEND
37
HOT
WATER
RETURN
TEMPERED
WATER
OUTLET
COLD
HOT
HOT
WATER
OUTLET
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
TEMPERED
WATER
RETURN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE - (1 UNIT) WITH MIXING VALVE TWO TEMPERATURE
DRAIN
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
LEGEND
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
38
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE - (2 UNITS)
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
EXPANSION
TANK
DRAIN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
HOT WATER
RETURN
LEGEND
39
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED
FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE - (2 UNITS) WITH VERTICAL STORAGE TANK
ALTERNATE
COLD WATER
CONNECTION
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
DRAIN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
HOT WATER
RETURN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
EXPANSION
TANK
LEGEND
40
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED
FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE - (2 UNITS) WITH VERTICAL STORAGE TANK
ALTERNATE
COLD WATER
CONNECTION
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
DRAIN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
HOT WATER
RETURN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
EXPANSION
TANK
LEGEND
41
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HOT WATER TO FIXTURES
DRAIN
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
ALTERNATE
LOCATION
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED
FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE - (2 UNITS) WITH HORIZONTAL STORAGE TANK
LEGEND
HOT WATER
RETURN FROM
FIXTURES
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
42
EXPANSION TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
HOT WATER
RETURN
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
PRE-HEATED
WATER TO
BOOSTER
DRAIN
BOOSTER
HEATER
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
BOOSTER WATER RETURN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
BOOSTER WATER
TO FIXTURES
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
1st HEATER
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE (2 UNITS) TWO TEMPERATURE
LEGEND
43
PRE-HEATER
PRE-HEATER
MUST BE IDENTICAL HEATERS
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
DRAIN
BOOSTER RETURN
(IF USED)
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
HOT OUTLET
AT STORED
TEMPERATURE
BOOSTED
WATER
OUTLET
TYPICAL
BOOSTER
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
FINISHED FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE (2 UNITS) WITH BOOSTER TWO TEMPERATURE
LEGEND
HOT WATER
RETURN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
44
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI-FLUE (3 UNITS)
DRAIN
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
LEGEND
HOT WATER
RETURN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
45
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
DRAIN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
ALT. COLD WATER
CONNECTION
EXPANSION TANK
HOT WATER
RETURN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
LEGEND
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
HOT WATER TO FIXTURES
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI-FLUE (3 UNITS) WITH VERTICAL STORAGE TANK
AOS
STORAGE TANK
46
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
AOS
STORAGE TANK
HOT WATER TO FIXTURES
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI-FLUE (3 UNITS) WITH HORIZONTAL STORAGE TANK
ALTERNATE
LOCATION
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
DRAIN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
LEGEND
EXPANSION TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
HOT WATER
RETURN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
47
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
FINISHED FLOOR
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE FLUE (4 UNITS)
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
DRAIN
HOT WATER
RETURN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
EXPANSION
TANK
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
LEGEND
48
HEATER
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI-FLUE (4 UNITS) WITH VERTICAL STORAGE TANK
AOS
STORAGE TANK
ALT. COLD
WATER
CONNECTION
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
DRAIN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
HOT WATER
RETURN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
LEGEND
49
HEATER
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
DRAIN
AOS
STORAGE TANK
ALTERNATE
LOCATION
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI-FLUE (4 UNITS) WITH HORIZONTAL STORAGE TANK
LEGEND
EXPANSION TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
HOT WATER
RETURN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
MANIFOLD KITS
TWO UNIT MANIFOLD KIT
(PART NO. 9003426205)
MODEL
N71 120NE
N81 154NE
N100 180NE
N100 199NE
N100 200NES
N100 250NE
N100 275NE
N85 310NE
N85 366NE
N85 390NE
THREE UNIT MANIFOLD KIT
(PART NO. 9003427205)
DIMENSION "A"
63"
68"
72"
72"
72"
72"
72"
73"
73"
73"
FOUR UNIT MANIFOLD KIT
(PART NO. 9003428205)
50
notes
51
notes
52
notes
53
notes
54
Limited Warranty
Reliance Water Heater Company, the warrantor, extends the following LIMITED WARRANTY to the owner of this water heater.
1.
THE TANK
If the glass-lined tank in this water heater shall prove upon examination by the warrantor to have leaked due to natural corrosion from potable water
THREE years after initial installation, the warrantor will supply a complete new Reliance water heater of equivalent size and
therein, during the
current model. Some government agencies are requiring energy
standards for water heaters. In the event regulations prohibit sale of a model
of equivalent size and construction, Reliance will provide a model which complies with the regulations of your area, in which case the consumer
will be charged the difference in price between the like replacement and the energy
model required. The warranty on the replacement water
heater will be limited to the unexpired term of the original warranty.
2.
ALL OTHER PARTS
If within ONE year after initial installation of this water heater, any part or portion shall prove upon examination by the warrantor to be defective in
material or workmanship, the warrantor will repair or replace such part or portion at its option.
3.
CONDITIONS AND EXCEPTIONS
This warranty shall apply only when the water heater is installed in accordance with local plumbing and building codes, ordina nces and regulations,
by and
the printed instructions provided with it and good industry practices. In addition, a temperature and pressure relief valve,
sanctioned and recognized independent testing agency and approved by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, must have been installed.
a.
This warranty shall apply only when the heater is:
(1) used at temperatures not exceeding the maximum calibrated setting of its thermostat;
(2) used at water pressure not exceeding the working pressure shown on the heater;
(3)
with potable water, free to circulate at all times and with the tank free of damaging water sediment or scale deposits;
(4) used in a non-corrosive and non-contaminated atmosphere;
(5) used with factory approved anode(s) installed;
(6) in its original installation location;
(7) in the United States, its territories or possessions or Canada;
(8) sized in accordance with proper sizing techniques for commercial and/or residential water heaters;
(9) bearing a rating plate which has not been altered, defaced or removed, except as required by the warrantor;
(10) used in an open system or in a closed system with properly sized and installed thermal expansion tank;
(11) operated with properly installed dirt leg;
with the fuel for which it was factory built;
(12)
(13)
at the factory rated input;
(14) operated with the inner and outer combustion chamber doors in place.
b. Any accident to the water heater, any misuse, abuse (including freezing or thermal expansion damage) or alteration of, any operation in a
form, or any attempt to repair tank leaks will void this warranty.
c. This warranty is void if a device acting as a
prevention device (check valves etc.) is installed in the cold water supply the heater is connected to, unless an effective method of controlling thermal expansion is also installed at the heater(s) and operational at all times. The relief
valve installed on the heater is not an acceptable method.
4.
SERVICE AND REPAIR EXPENSES
Under the limited warranty the warrantor will provide only a replacement water heater or part thereof. The owner is responsible for all other costs.
Such costs may include but are not limited to:
a. Labor charges for service removal, repair or reinstallation of the water heater or any component part;
b. Shipping, delivery, handling, and administrative charges for forwarding the new heater or replacement part from the nearest distributor and
returning the claimed defective heater or part to such distributor.
c. All cost necessary or incidental for any material and/or permits required for installation of the replacement heater or part.
5.
LIMITATIONS ON IMPLIED WARRANTIES
Implied warranties, including the warranty of merchantability imposed on the sale of this heater under state law or local code are limited to one (1)
year duration for the heater or any of its parts. Some areas do not allow limitation on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may
not apply to you.
6.
CLAIM PROCEDURE
Any claim under the warranty should be initiated with the dealer who sold the heater, or with any other dealer handling the warrantor’s products. If
this is not practicable, the owner should contact:
U.S. Customers
Reliance Water Heater Company
500 Tennessee Waltz Parkway
Ashland City, TN 37015
Telephone: (800) 365-4054
a. The warrantor will only honor replacement with identical or similar water heater or parts thereof which are manufactured or distributed by the
warrantor.
b. Dealer replacements are made subject to in-warranty validation by warrantor.
7.
DISCLAIMERS
NO OTHER EXPRESS WARRANTY HAS BEEN OR WILL BE MADE IN BEHALF OF THE WARRANTOR WITH RESPECT TO THE MERCHANTABILITY OF THE HEATER OR THE INSTALLATION, OPERATION, REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF THE HEATER. THE WARRANTOR SHALL NOT
BE RESPONSIBLE FOR WATER DAMAGE, LOSS OF USE OF THE UNIT, INCONVENIENCE, LOSS OR DAMAGE TO PERSONAL PROPERTY
OR OTHER CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGE. THE WARRANTOR SHALL NOT BE LIABLE BY VIRTUE OF THIS WARRANTY OR OTHERWISE FOR
DAMAGE TO ANY PERSONS OR PROPERTY, WHETHER DIRECT OR INDIRECT, AND WHETHER ARISING IN CONTRACT OR IN TORT.
a. Some areas do not allow the exclusion or limitation of the incidental or consequential damage, so the above limitations or exclusions may not
apply to you.
b. This warranty gives you
legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from area to area.
Fill in the following for your own reference. Keep it. Registration is not a condition of warranty. The model and serial number are found on the heater’s
rating plate.
Model No. ____________________Serial No. _____________________________________________Date Installed__________________________
Dealer’s Name____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Dealer’s Address ________________________________________________________________________ Phone No.________________________
City and State __________________________________________________________________________ Zip _____________________________
KEEP THIS WARRANTY POSTED ADJACENT TO THE HEATER FOR FUTURE REFERENCE.
55
www.reliancewaterheaters.com
500 Tennessee Waltz Parkway, Ashland City, TN 37015
Tech Support: 800-365-4054
Parts: 800-821-2017
Copyright © 2010 Reliance Water Heater Company, All rights reserved.