Sharp Actius PC-RD20 Specifications

MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Differential axles Tandem
MT 46-145
MT 50-168
Edition october/11
Index
1 -Exploded Views.................................................................................................... 04
2 -Introduction........................................................................................................... 08
3 -Removal and Disassembly................................................................................... 11
4 -Prepare Parts for Reassembly............................................................................. 28
5 -Assembly and Installation..................................................................................... 41
6 -Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock............................................................... 86
7 -Lubrification........................................................................................................ 101
8 -Information on Fasteners and its Torques.......................................................... 101
9 -Specifications Adjustments................................................................................ 105
10- Special Tools...................................................................................................... 107
11-Vehicle Towing Instructions................................................................................ 110
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Notes
About This Manual
This manual provides maintenance and service
information for theMeritor forward tandem drive
axles, including the RT-140; -144; -145; -149;
-160; -169; RZ-166; -186 and -188 Series models.
Before You Begin
1.Read and understand all instructions and procedures before you begin to service components
2.Read and observe all Warning and Caution
hazard alert messages in this publication.
They provide information that can help prevent serious personal injury, damage to components, or both.
3.Follow your company’s maintenance and service, installation, and diagnostics guidelines.
4.Use special tools when required to help avoid
serious personal injury and damage to components.
How to Obtain Additional Maintenance
and Service Information
On the Web
Visit the DriveTrain Plus™ in the Technical Library Meritor in the site www.arvinmeritor.com
to access and order product, service
The Library also offers a Request Form for Literature, interactive and printable.
Meritor Technical Support area
Call the Meritor Technical Support area
0800-55 55 30.
Hazard Alert Messages and Torque
Symbols
WARNING
A Warning alerts you to an instruction or procedure that you must follow exactly to avoid serious personal injury and damage to components.
CAUTION
A Caution alerts you to an instruction or procedure that you must follow exactly to avoid damage to components.
@ This symbol alerts you to tighten fasteners to
a specified torque value.
Information contained in this publication was in effect at the time
the publication was approved for printing and is subject to change
without notice or liability. Meritor Heavy Vehicle Systems, LLC,
reserves the right to revise the information presented or to discontinue the production of parts described at any time.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
3
Exploded Views
INPUT WITH
OIL PUMP PARTS
STANDARD DIFFERENTIAL
WITHOUT DIFFERENTIAL LOCK
AND WITHOUT OIL PUMP
LEFT. SIDE
OIL PUMP PARTS
DIFFERENTIAL
SYSTEM LOCK PARTS
4
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Exploded Views
Single Reduction Forward Differential Ensemble
ITEMDescription
ITEMDescription
01
Nut - Input Fork
01A
Washer - Input Fork
02
Input Fork
03
Deflector
04
Capscrew - Cage-to-Differential
Input Shaft Bearings
05
Washer - Cage-to-Differential
Input Shaft Bearings
06
Oil Seal - Triple-Lip (Main) Seal
06A
POSE™ Seal
07
Input Bearing Cage
08Shims
09
O-Ring - Input Bearing Cage
10
Bearing Cup - Input Shaft
11
Bearing Cone - Input Shaft
12
Oil Baffle (Units Without Oil Pump)
13
Washer - Oil Baffle
14
Capscrew - Oil Baffle
15
Input Shaft
16
Thrust Washer - Helical Drive Gear
17
Helical Drive Gear
18
Inter-Axle Differential Case Assembly
19
Snap Ring-Inter-Axle Differential Case
20
Clutch Collar -Inter-Axle Differential
Case
21
Rear Side Gear
22
Bearing Cone - Rear Side Gear
23
Rolamento Cone - Planetário
24
Bearing Cup - Rear Side Gear
25
Adjusting Screw - Shift Shaft
26
Jam Nut - Adjusting Screw
27
Spring - Shift Shaft
28
Shift Shaft and Piston
28A
“E” Clip (Reverse Shift IAD Only)
29
Air Shift Chamber Assembly -
Bolt-On IAD
29A
Air Shift Chamber Assembly - Screw-In IAD
30
Capscrew - Air Shift Chamber Assembly
31
Differential and Caps
32
Washer - Differential-to-Axle
Housing
33
Nut - Differential -to-Axle Housing
34
Capscrew - Differential to-Axle Housing
35
Ring Gear and Drive Pinion
36
Inner Bearing Cone - Drive Pinion
37
Inner Bearing Cup - Drive Pinion
38Shims
39
Inner Spacer
40
Helical Driven Gear
41
Outer Spacer
42
Outer Bearing Cup - Drive Pinion
43
Outer Bearing Cone - Drive Pinion
44
Washer - Drive Pinion
45
Nut - Drive Pinion
46
Cover - Drive Pinion
47
Washer - Drive Pinion Cover
48
Capscrew - Drive Pinion Cover
49
Bearing Adjusting Ring
50
Cup — Main Differential Bearing
51
Cone — Main Differential Bearing
52
Capscrew — Main Differential Case Halves
53
Washer — Main Differential Case Halves
54
Main Differential Case Assembly
55
Bolt — Ring Gear (145 and 160 Series)
56
Washer — Differential Bearing Cap
57
Capscrew — Differential Bearing Cap
58
Roll Pin, Cotter Pin or Capscrew — Differential Bearing Cap
59
Thrust Washer — Main Differential Side Gear
60
Side Gear — Main Differential
61
Spider — Main Differential
62
Pinion Gear — Main Differential
63
Thrust Washer — Main Differential
63A
NoSPIN® Main Differential*
64
Washer — Ring Gear (145 and 160
Series)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
5
Exploded Views
6
ITEMDescription
ITEMDescription
65
Nut — Ring Gear (145 and 160 Series)
66
Sensor Switch — Main Differential Lock
67Locknut
Main Differential Lock Sensor
Switch (Old Design)
68
Spring — Main Differential Lock 68A
Spring — Main Differential Lock —
Current Designl
69
Lock Pin — Spring Retaining (Old Design)
70
Shift Shaft — Main Differential Lock
70A
Shift Shaft — Main Differential Lock — Current Design
71
Piston — Main Differential Lock
71A
Piston — Main Differential Lock — Current Design
72
O-Ring — Piston
72A O-Ring — Piston — Current Design
73
DCDL Cylinder — Shift Shaft
Lock Mechanism
Main differential
73A
DCDL Cylinder — Shift Shaft — Current Screw-In DCDL Design
74
Copper Gasket — Cover (160 Series)
75
Capscrew — Manual Engaging
75A
Capscrew — Manual Engaging — Current Design
76
Cover — Main Differential Lock (Old Design)
77
Plug — Manual Engaging (Old Design)
78
Washer — Manual Engaging Capscrew
79
Capscrew — Cover (Old Design)
80
Washer — Cover (Old Design)
81
Shift Collar — Main Differential Lock
82
Shift Fork — Main Differential Lock
82A
Shift Fork — Main Differential Lock
— Current Design
83
Roll Pin — Shift Fork (Old Design)
84
Oil Filter Shield
85
Plug — Oil Pressure Relief Valve
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
Washer — Oil Pressure Relief Valve
Spring — Oil Pressure Relief Valve
Oil Pressure Relief Valve
Dowel — Input Cage to Oil Pump (Old Design)
O-Ring — Oil Pump
Oil Pump
Washer — Oil Pump
Capscrew — Oil Pump
Oil Filter
Adapter — Oil Filter
Oil Screen and Plug Assembly *
NoSPIN is a registered trademark of Tractech a
division of Dyneer Corp
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Exploded Views
RIGHT. SIDE
CURRENT DCDL
ANTERIOR DESIGN DCDL
NO SPIN® ASSEMBLY
OIL PUMP
MAIN DIFFERENTIAL CASE
MLAIN DIFFFERENTIAL
WITHOUT SIDE FLANGE
MLAIN DIFFFERENTIAL
SIDE FLANGE
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
7
Introduction
Introduction
Axle Models Covered in This Manual
Description
Tandem Models
Forward Tandem Axle
The inter axle differential (IAD) is located behind the helical gear on the input shaft. The
forward side gear of the inter axle differential
is part of the upper helical gear hub. The thru
shaft is splined to the rear side gear of the inter
axle differential. Figure 2.1.
RT-34-140RT-40-145P
RT-46-160
RT-34-144RT-40-149
RT-46-160DEH
RT-34-145RT-40-160
RT-46-160P
RT-34-145PRT-40-169
RT-40-140RT-44-145
RT-46-169
RT-50-160
RT-40-143RT-44-145P
RT-50-160P
RT-40-145RT-40-145P
RT-52-160P
RT-40-145A
MD/MR/MT 40-140
Tridem Models
OIL PUMP
HELICAL GEAR
RZ-166RZ-186
RZ-188
INTER AXLE
DIFFERENTIAL
INPUT
SHAFT
OUTPUT
SHAFT
NOTE: For service procedures on rear differential, refer to Maintenance Manual 5,
Singl Reduction Differential, for models preceding RS-, RT- and RF-Series, and Maintenance Manual 5A, SingleReduction Differential, for MX-, RS-, RT- and RF-Series
To obtain these publications, refer to the Service Notes page on beginning of this manual.
Optional Pressurized Lubrication System
RING
GEAR
DRIVE
PINION
Figure 2.1
The forward tandem axles anterior models 140,
145 and 160 .
Use a single reduction, thru drive differential.
The drive gearing is a two helical gear train and
a hypoid ring gear and pinion. Bevel gears are
used in the main differential and the inter axle
differential. Figure 2.1 and Figure 2.2.
RT-160 SERIES SHOWN
The anterior axles can be equipped with an
optional pressurized lubrication system. This
filtered system has an oil pump driven by the
input shaft. The pump forces the lubricant for
roller bearings of the axes of input and output
and directly to the inter axle differential (IAD)
Optional Driver-Controlled Main Differential
Lock (DCDL)
Both the forward and rear axles can be equipped
with an optional driver-controlled main differential lock (DCDL). The differential lock is operated by an air-actuated shift unit located on the
anterior axle differentisal.
• When the differential lock is activated, the
shift collar moves along the splines of the
axle shaft toward the differential case.
Notch on inter
axle differential
case. Notches are
provided for clearance in assembly
and disassembly.
ENGRANAJE
HELICOIDAL
MOTRIZ
Figure 2.2
8
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Introduction
• When the collar splines engage with the
splines on the differential case, the axle shaft
and the differential assembly lock together.
• When the differential operates with the DCDL
in the locked position, there is no differential
action between the wheels
• When the differential is operated in the unlocked position, there is normal differential
action between the wheels at all times
Identification
Model
An identification tag is riveted on the axle housing or on the differential. Figure 2.3 and Figure 2.4. Use the model and the ratio number
marked on the identification tag and the number
on the differential to order replacement parts
Inter Axle Differential (IAD)
The Meritor inter-axle differential (IAD) is a driver controlled,
Air actuated traction device. The IAD allows
for speed differences between the forward
and rear axles in a tandem while also providing equal pulling power from each axle of the
tandem. By activating the IAD switch located in
the vehicle dash, improved traction is provided
for each axle.
The inter axle differential is also known as a
power divider or third differential.
Stall Testing Can Damage a Drive Axle
Stall testing is a procedure used to troubleshoot
transmissions, evaluate vehicle performance,
and test the service and park brakes.
During stall testing, or any similar procedure,
the drive axle input receives multiplied torque,
which can exceed the specified torque rating.
Excessive torque can damage a drive axle,
which will affect axle performance and component life. A drive axle damaged by
stall testing will void Meritor’s warranty.
Call Meritor’s Customer Service Center at 080055-5530 if you have questions regarding stall
testing.
AXLE HOUSING
IDENTIFICATION TAG
AXLE
IDENTIFICATION TAG
DFFERENTIAL
IDENTIFICATION
TAG
Figure 2.3
Use of Traction Chains
Meritor recommends that if you are using traction
chains, you should install chains on both tires on
each side of all drive axles on the vehicle.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
9
Introduction
Refer to Figure 2.4 for an explanation of the model axle.
INFORMATION OF IDENTICATION THE MODEL AXLE AN THE IDENTIFICATION TAG
M D - 2 3- 1 6 0
Axle Design Variation: Indicates axle
design level or variation, (e.g., RS-23161 has a thicker wall housing than
RS-23-160).
Meritor
Differential Type: Differential size. Larger
numbers indicate a higher GCW rated differential; this is, larger ring gear, etc
Gearing Type:
1 = Single Speed
Nominal Axle Load Rating (GAWR): In thousands of pounds. Individual
forward and rear axles of a tandem set (D, N, P) are rated as single axles.
A tandem set (T) is rated as the combination of the two axles.
Axle Type
D = Forward-Rear Axle of a Drive Tandem with Inter-Axle Differential
N = Forward-Rear Axle of a Drive Tandem without Inter-Axle Differential
P = Forward-Rear Axle of a Drive Tandem with Inter-Axle Differential and Pump
T = Tandem Drive Axle Set
10
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Removal and Disassembly
Hazard Alert Messages
Read and observe all Warning and Caution
hazard alert messages in this publication. They
provide information that can help prevent serious personal injury, damage to components, or
both.
OIL FILTER ADAPTER
OIL FILTER
WARNING
To prevent serious eye injury, always wear
safe eye protection when you perform vehicle
maintenance or service.
Use a brass or synthetic mallet for assembly
and disassembly procedures. Do not hit steel
parts with a steel hammer. Pieces of a part can
break off. Serious personal injury and damage
to components can result.
Observe all warnings and cautions provided
by the press manufacturer to avoid damage to
components and serious personal injury.
Axle Shafts from the Axle Housing
WARNING
Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the
wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving.
Support the vehicle with safety stands. Do not
work under a vehicle supported only by jacks.
Jacks can slip or fall over. Serious personal
injury and damage to components can result.
1.Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the
wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving.
Set the parking brake.
2.Use a jack to raise the vehicle so that the wheels
to be serviced are off the ground. Support the
vehicle with safety stands.
3.Remove the oil drain plug from the bottom
of the axle housing. Drain the axle lubricant
from the housing assembly.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Figure 3.1
4.For axles with an oil pump, remove the oil filter shield from the input bearing cage.
5.Use a filter strap wrench to remove the oil
filter. Be careful that the oil inside does not
spill when removing the filter. Discard the filter. Figur 3.1.
6.Inspect the oil filter adapter threads. If the
adapter threads are damaged: Remove and
replace the oil filter adapter
7.On an axle with a driver-controlled main differential lock, shift the lock into and hold the
lock in the locked or engaged position. The
locked position provides enough clearance
between the shift collar and the axle housing
for differential removal. Refer to Section 6.
An alternate method to obtain clearance is to remove the cover of the air shift unit from the differential. Remove the piston. Remove the shift
shaft and spring from the fork. The fork and the
clutch collar will fall into the differential can be
removed. Remove the fork and the clutch collar
after the differential is removed.
11
Removal and Disassembly
8.Disconnect the driveline universal joint from
the pinion input yoke or flange on the differential. Figure 3.2.
Figure 3.2
9. Remove the capscrews and washers or
stud nuts and washers, if equipped, from
the flanges of both axle shafts
10.Loosen the tapered dowels, if equipped, in
the axle flanges of both axle shafts using
one of the following methods:
EASY SERVICE™
Brass Pin Method
WARNING
Do not strike the round driving lugs on the
flange of an axle shaft. Pieces can break off
and cause serious personal injury.
1.Hold a 1-1/2-inch diameter brass pin or brass
hammer against the center of the axle shaft, inside the round driving lugs. Figure 3.3.
WING SERIES
PERMALUBE™
Figure 3.3
EYE CLOSED
BRASS HAMMER
RPL SÉRIES
PERMALUBE™
1 -FULL-ROUND BEARING
CUPS
2 -END FORK
3 -FORK SADDLE
4 -WELD FORK
5 -BEARING STRAP
6 -CAPSCREWS
7 -EASY SERVICE™ BEARING CUPS
8 -U-JOINT CROSS
9 -SLIP FORK
10-CAPSCREWS
11-END FORK
14-U-JOINT CROSS
15-CAPSCREWS
16-END FORK
17-WELD FORK
18-SLIP FORK
19-U-JOINT CROSS
20-CAPSCREWS
21-END FORK
22-SLIP FORK
23-TUBING
24-U-JOINT CROSS
25-WELD FORK
2.Strike the end of the drift with a large hammer
5 to 6 pounds, and the axle shaft and tapered
dowels will loosen.
3.Mark each axle shaft before it is removed from
the axle assembly.
4.Remove the tapered dowels and separate
the axle shafts from the main axle hub assembly. Figure 3.4.
STUD NUT
WASHER
TAPERED
DOWEL
STUD
GASKET
12 - WELD FORK
13 - SLIP FORK
CAPSCREW WASHER
AXLE SHAFT OR
FLANGE
SHAFT HUB AXLE
Figure 3.4
12
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Removal and Disassembly
5.Install a cover over the open end of each
axle assembly hub where an axle shaft was
removed.
Output Shaft Removal
1.Disconnect the forward and rear drive shafts.
CAUTION
Air Hammer Vibration Method
WARNING
Wear safe eye protection when using an air hammer. When using power tools, axle components
can loosen and break off causing serious personal injury.
CAUTION
Do not use a chisel or wedge to
loosen the axle shaft and tapered
dowels. Using a chisel or wedge
can result in damage to the axle
shaft, the gasket and seal, and the
axle hub.
1.Use a round hammer bit and an air hammer
to loosen the tapered dowels and axle shaft.
2.Place the round hammer bit against the axle
shaft or flange between the hub studs. Operate the air hammer at alternate locations between the studs to loosen the tapered dowels
and axle shaft from the hub. Figure 3.5.
POINT OF IMPACTBETWEEN HUB STUDS
Always use a flange or yoke bar
during removal and installation
of the flange yoke nut to prevent
damage to the gearing.
2.Attach a flange bar to the flange or place a
yoke bar over the input or output yoke to hold
the yoke or flange while you remove the locknut. Figure 3.6. See to Section 10 to make a
yoke bar.
YOKE BAR
Figure 3.6
3.Disconnect the air lines at the inter axle differential shift unit (IAD).
4.
Remove the output shaft nut, washer and
yoke or flange. Use a puller tool to remove the
yoke or flange from the output shaft.Figure 3.7
Figure 3.5
3.Mark each axle shaft before it is removed
from the axle assembly.
4.Remove the tapered dowels and separate the
axle shaft from the main axle hub assembly.
Figure 3.4.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
13
Removal and Disassembly
REMOVING THE
FLANGE
Removal differential assembly from the
Axle Housing
1.Place a hydraulic jack under the differential
assembly to support the assembly. Figure 3.9.
TOP TWO FASTENERS
REMOVING
THE YOKE
Figure 3.7
5.Remove the output shaft bearing cage capscrews and washers.
6.Pull the bearing cage, bearings and shaft assembly from the axle housing. If necessary,
loosen the cage from the housing with a soft
mallet. Figure 3.8
OUTPUT SHAFT AND DE BEARING
CAGE ASSEMBLY
Figure 3.8
14
HIDRAULIC
JACK
Figure 3.9
2.Remove all but the top two differential to housing
capscrews or stud nuts and washers. Figure 3.9.
3.Loosen, but do not remove, the top two differential to housing fasteners. The fasteners
will hold the diferrential in the axle housing.
4.Loosen the differential assembly in the axle
housing. Use a plastic mallet to hit the differential mounting flange at several points.
5.After the differential is loosened, remove the
top two stud nuts and washers that hold the
assembly in the axle housing.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Removal and Disassembly
Disasssembly Output Shaft and Bearing Cage Assembly
CAUTION
When using a pry bar, be careful
not to damage the differential or
housing flange. Damage to these
surfaces will cause oil leaks.
6.Use the hydraulic jack to remove the differential from the axle housing. Use lever that has
a round end to help remove the differential
from the housing.
7.On axles with a driver controlled main differential lock, if air pressure is used to shift the
differential to the locked or engaged position,
release the air pressure. Disconnect the air
hose from the shift unit.
1.Remove and discard the original oil seal. Use
a new oil seal when the differential is assembled Figure 3.11
OUTPUT SHAFT
BEARING ASSEMBLIES
SNAP RING
OUTPUT
FOLK
NOTE:
A model for differential is described in section 10 as a suggestion.
8.Use a lifting tool to lift the differential by the
input folk or flange and place the assembly
in a repair stand. Do not lift by hand. See the
Section 10 to make a differential repair to differential. Figure 3.10.
SPACER
OIL SEAL
Figure 3.11
NOTE:
If you replace either the bearing cup or the
cone, replace both parts in a fully matched
set from the same manufacturer.
2.Remove the external snap ring or spacer betwen the folk or bearing cone fron the output
shaft.
3.Remove the internal snap ring that holds the
bearing cup in the output cage. Figure 3.12.
BEARING CAGE
SNAP RING
OUTPUT
SHAFT
Figure 3.10
Figure 3.12
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
15
Removal and Disassembly
NOTE:
When you press the output shaft from the
cage, the bearing cup remains in the cage.
The outer cup is removed with the thru-shaft
and the cones.
PRESS
USED BEARING
CUP
4. If necessary, remove the output shaft and
the bearing cones as an assembly from the
output bearing cage.
A. Place the output shaft and the output bearing cage in a press. Figure 3.13.
PRESS
Figure 3.14
Figure 3.13
B. Press the output shaft and cones bearing
cage.
C. Remove the outer cup from the output shaft.
5. Use a press or a bearing puller to remove
the bearing cones from the output shaft.
See the procedure in section 3.
Removal Bearing Cones the Output Shaft
Press Method
1.Place a used bearing cup on the inner bearing cone
2.Place the output shaft into a press. Figure
3.14. The used bearing cup supports the output shaft.
16
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Removal and Disassembly
3.Press the output shaft through the bearing
cones. Discard the used bearing cones.
Bearing Puller Method
1.Place a used bearing cup on the inner bearing cone.
2.Install a bearing puller tool over the output
shaft. Figure 3.15. The bearing cup supports
the output shaft
Measure Ring Gear Backlash
Before the differential be disassembled, use a
dial indicator to measure and record ring gear
backlash at three locations on the ring gear.
This will help you to correctly reassemble the
ring gear and drive pinion.
1.Rotate the differential in the stand to access
the ring gear teeth
2.Install a dial indicator onto the flange of the
differentialer. Place the tip of the indicator
against the drive side of a ring gear tooth.
Adjust the dial indicator to ZERO. Figure 3.17
DIAL
INDICATOR
USED BEARINF CUP
Figure 3.15
3.Remove the bearing cones from the output
shaft. Discard the bearing cones.
4.If necessary, use a brass drift and hammer
to carefully tap the inner cup from the cage.
Discard the cup. Figure 3.16.
Figure 3.17
3.Read the dial indicator while you slightly rotate the ring gear in both directions. When
you rotate the ring gear to measure the backlash, the drive pinion must not move. Record
the reading on the dial indicator.
4.Repeat the procedure at two more locations
on the ring gear.
• If the smallest of the three measurements is
between 0.008” a 0.018” (0.20mm a 0.46mm)
for Series 145 or up 0.010” a 0.020” (0.25mm
a 0.51mm) for Series 160, replace the ring
gear and drive pinion as a set
Removal the Input Shaft and Inter-Axle
Differential Assembly
Figure 3.16
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
1.Rotate the differential in the support to access the input shaft.
2.Remove the capscrews and the washers that
fasten the drive pinion cover to the differential. Remove the cover. Remove all gasket
material from the cover and the differential.
Figure 3.18.
17
Removal and Disassembly
PINION
COVER
Figure 3.21
Figure 3.18
3.Use the correct tool to hold the fork or flange
of the input shaft. Loosen, but do not remove,
the drive pinion nut. Figure 3.19.
6.Rotate the differential in the support until the
fork or flange get back to you.Connect a lifting device to the input fork.
NOTE:
Paint alignment marks on the helical drive
gear and the helical driven gear before you
remove the input shaft from the differential.
This will ensure exact reassembly the gears
owing mesh of the mated gears.
7.Paint alignment marks on the helical drive
gear and the helical driven gear.
• For a driven gear: Paint the ends of two adjacent teeth.
• For a drive gear: Paint the top land of the
matching tooth and guide it into the two painted teeth of the driven gear.
Figure 3.19
4.Use the correct tool to hold the fork or flange
dof the input shaft. Loosen, but do not remove, the nut that fastens the yoke or flange
to the input shaft. Figure 3.20.
Figure 3.20
CAUTION
On all 160 Series differential and 145
Series manufactured before September 1998, there are two notches
on the side of the inter-axle differential case. One of the notches on
the case must be aligned with the
helical driven gear. If the notch is
not aligned over the gear, the gear
will prevent the removal of the input shaft assembly and cause damage to the assembly.
8.Remove the input shaft, oil pump, if used,
and inter-axle differential from the differential
assembly.
5.
Remove the capscrews and washers that
fasten the bearing cage to the input shaft to
differential cage. Figure 3.21.
18
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Removal and Disassembly
A. Lift the input shaft assembly until the bearing cage is separated from the differential
assembly. If necessary, tap on the bearing
cage with a brass or plastic mallet to separate the cage of differential. Figure 3.22.
INTER-AXLE DIFFERENTIAL CASE
Notches on the case must be
aligned over the helical driven gear
HELICAL DRIVEN
GEAR
Figure 3.24
9. Remove the shims from between the bearing cage and the cage of differential.
10.Remove the rear side gear and the bearing
cone from the differential. Remove the collar. Figure 3.25.
Figure 3.22
B. For 160 Series differential and 145 Series
differential manufactured after September
1998, slowly lift the input shaft assembly.
• If the input shaft assembly comes out of the
differential easily; remove the assembly.
• If the input shaft assembly cannot be removed easily: The inter-axle differential
case must be rotated. Rotate the input
shaft until one of the notches on the case
is aligned over the helical driven gear. Remove the input shaft assembly from the differential. Figure 3.23 and Figure 3.24.
C. Place the input shaft assembly in a suitable
location.
HELICAL DRIVEN
GEAR
Rotate the shaft so the notch on
the case is aligned
over the teeth of the gear
REAR SIDE
GEAR
Figure 3.25
NOTE:
If you replace either the bearing cup or the
cone, replace both parts in a fully-matched
set from the same manufacturer.
11.Use a press, sleeve and bearing puller to
remove the cone from the rear side gear.
Figure 3.26.
INPUT SHAFT
NOTCH
Figure 3.23
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
19
Removal and Disassembly
PRESS
Figure 3.28
Figure 3.26
12.Use a brass drift and hammer to remove
the cup of the rear side gear cone from the
cage of differential.
Disassembly of Input Shaft, Bearing Cage,
Oil Pump and Inter-Axle Differential
1. Use the correct tool to remove the fork or
flange from the input shaft. Figure 3.27. If the
differential assembly is not equipped with an
oil pump, remove the bearing cage from the
input shaft. Figure 3.28.
1 - PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
assembly
2 - OIL SEAL
9 - INPUT SHAFT
10 - OIL BAFFLE — UNITS
WITHOUT OIL PUMP
3 - BEARING CAGE
11-WASHE
4 -O-RING
12-CAPSCREWS
5 -BEARING CUP
13 - THRUST WASHER
6 - BEARING CONE
14 - HELICAL DRIVE GEAR
7 -O-RING
15 - INTER-AXLE DIFFERENTIAL
8 - OIL PUMP — UNITS WITH
OIL PUMP
16 - SNAP RING
CAUTION
Carefully remove the pinion seal
from the fork or DIFFERENTIAL. Do
not damage the seal bore when you
remove the seal. Damage to components can result.
FORK PULLER
NOTE:
Meritor recommends replacing all seals with
the triple-lip or main oil seal. The addition or
replacement of a POSE™ seal is also highly
recommended.
2.Pry under the oil seal flange to remove the oil
seal from the input bearing cage. Discard the
oil seal. Figure 3.29.
Figure 3.27
Figure 3.29
20
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Removal and Disassembly
3.Remove the snap ring that fastens the interaxle differential assembly to the input shaft.
Remove the inter-axle differential assembly
fron the input shaft. Figure 3.30.
RT-160
Figure 3.32
CAGE ASSEMBLY AND
KERNEL INTER-AXLE DIFFERENTIAL
CAUTION
Figure 3.30
NOTE:
Disassemble the bolted inter-axle differential and inspect the components. The welded inter-axle differential is serviced as an
assembly and cannot be disassembled.
4.Disassemble the bolted inter-axle differential.
Inspect the components. Replace any damaged components
A.Use a punch and hammer to place an alignment mark on each half of the inter-axle differential case. The alignment marks will help
you mate the case halves correctly during
the reassembly. Figure 3.31.
B.Remove the capscrews that fasten the case
halves of the inter-axle differential. Separate
the case halves.
C.Remove the spider assembly from the case
halves of the differential. Remove the four pinion gears and the four thrust washers from the
u-joint cross.
If the following procedure is not
followed, the oil pump or the bearing cage of the input shaft will be
damaged during removal. Never apply direct pressure to the surface
of the pump or the bearing cage.
6.If an oil pump is used, remove the input
bearing cage and the oil pump from the input
shaft.
A.Place a extraction tool puller under the oil
pump. The rivets on the back of the pump
must not touch the bearing puller. The bearing puller provides a level surface so that the
shaft can be pressed straight out of the assembly. Figure 3.33.
EXTRACTION
TOOL
BOLTED IAD
CASE SHOWN
OIL PUMP
Figure 3.31
5.Remove the helical drive gear from the input
shaft. Remove the thrust washer from the
gear. Figure 3.32.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Rivets must not touch
the extraction tool
Figure 3.33
21
Removal and Disassembly
B.Place the assembly on a press so that extraction tool it rests on the differential. Figure
3.34.
7.Remove the O-rings from the bearing cage
of the input shaft and, if used, the oil pump
assembly
8.Remove the cone from the input bearing cage.
PRESS
PROTECTOR
BEARING CAGE
OIL PUMP
EXTRACTION
TOLL
Figure 3.34
C.Place a protector on top of the input shaft.
Remove the input shaft from the assembly.
Remove the extraction tool. Figure 3.34.
D.Remove the capscrews that fasten the oil pump
to bearing cage fron the input shaft. Separate
the oil pump from the cage. Figure 3.35.
NOTE:
If you replace either the bearing cup or the
cone, replace both parts in a fully-matched
set from the same manufacturer.
9. If necessary, use a press and sleeve to remove the cup from the input bearing cage of
the input shaft.
10.If necessary, remove the pressure relief
valve assembly from the front of the bearing
cage. Remove the plug, spring and relief
valve from the bore. Figure 3.36.
PLUG OLDER
MODELS ONLY
SPRING
RELIEF VALVE
Figure 3.36
OIL PUMP
11.Remove the oil screen and plug assembly
from the suction line at the front of the cage
of differential assembly. Figure 3.37.
BEARING CONE
RELIEF
VALVE
BEARING CAGE
Figure 3.35
E.If the pump is worn or damaged, replace the
pump. If the drive flats or the splines in the
pump do not move, replace the pump.
22
Figure 3.37
12.Clean the oil screen. See section 4.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Removal and Disassembly
Removal Inter-Axle Differential Lock
IAD Shift Unit
Air Applied and Spring Release Models,
Standard.
1. Remove the cylinder.
A.For flange-type cylinders, remove the capscrews that fasten the cylinder to the cage off
differential . Remove the cylinder.
B.For threaded cylinders, remove the cylinder.
BOLT-ON DCDL REVERSE SHIFTER
“E” CLIP
SLOT”
COVER
SHIFT SHAFT
SHIFT
SHAFT
SPRING
COLLAR
O-RING
O-RING
BOLT-ON DCDL
COVER CAPSCREW
JAM NUT
O-RING
PISTON
SCREW-IN DCDL
COVER
FORK
FigurE 3.38
2. Remove the piston from the shift shaft.
Figure 3.38.
3. Remove the shift shaft from the cage of differential. When you remove the shift shaft,
the fork and the spring may fall.
• If the shift shaft cannot be removed by hand:
Remove the adjusting bolt and jam nut. Place
a brass drift through the adjusting bolt hole
against the rear of the shift shaft. Use a hammer on the brass drift to remove the shift
shaft. Inspect the shift shaft for damage.
4.From the input shaft bore, remove the collar
and fork.
5.If necessary, remove the jam nut and the
adjusting bolt.
Spring Applied and Air Release Models, Reverse Shifter
1.Remove the four capscrews that fasten the
shift cylinder cover to the cage of differential.
2.Remove the two capscrews and washers that
fasten the cover to the shift cylinder. Remove
the cover and spring. Figure 3.39.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
SHIFT CYLINDER
SPRING
“E” CLIP
REMOVED
ADJUSTING BOLT
O-RING
SMALL
SNAP RING
PISTON
Figure 3.39
3.Remove the small snap ring from the cover
end of the shift shaft.
4.Remove the cylinder assembly from the shaft
5.Rotate the shift shaft until the “E” clip ahead
of the shift fork is at approximately the five
o’clock position. Figure 3.40.
“E” CLIP BASE ROTATED TO
THE 5 O’ CLOCK POSITION
Remove “E”clip from shaft before
reverse shifter removal
Figure 3.40
6.With the “E” clip base in the five o’clock position, use needlenose vise grips or equivalent
to remove the “E” clip.
7.Remove the shift shaft from the differential.
When you remove the shaft, the fork may fall.
8.Remove the piston from the shift cylinder. Inspect the O-rings for wear and damage. Replace the O-rings, if necessary.
23
Removal and Disassembly
Removal Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock system (DCDL)
If the axle is equipped with a driver-controlled
main differential lock, see to Section 6 for removal procedures.
Removal the Main Differential Case and
Ring Gear Assembly
1.Rotate the differential until the ring gear is toward you.
2.Use a punch and hammer to mark the position of each bearing cap. The marks help you
correctly match the bearing cap during reassembly. Figure 3.41.
CAUTION
Do not hit the adjusting ring with a
hammer. Do not use a hammer and a
drift to loosen the adjusting rings.
Using these methods will damage
the adjusting rings.
4.Use a T-bar wrench or equivalent tool to loosen
the adjusting rings. Do not remove the adjusting rings. If necessary, loosen, but do not remove, the capscrews on the bearing caps to
move the adjusting rings. Figure 3.43.
Figure 3.43
T-BAR WRENCH
BEARING CAP
CAGE OF DIFFERENTIAL
ADJUSTING RING
OPOSITE RING GEAR
MARKS FOR
REASSEMBLY
Figure 3.41
3.emove the capscrews, cotter pins, roll pins or
lock plates, if equipped, that hold the bearing
adjusting rings in position. Use a small drift
and hammer to remove the pins. Each lock
plate is held in position by two capscrews.
Figure 3.42.
REMOVING COTTER
PIN
NOTE:
Each bearing cap must be installed on the
differencial leg from which it was removed.
The caps are matched to the differencial
legs. Do not mix bearing caps on differencial
legs.
6.Remove the bearing caps, adjusting rings and
bearing caps from the differential. Figure 3.44.
BEARING CAP
BEARING ADJUSTING RING
REMOVING
LOCK PLATE
Figure 3.42
24
5.Remove the capscrews and washers that
fasten the bearing caps to the cage of differential. Mark the bearing caps and the differential to help you correctly reassemble.
Figure 3.44
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Removal and Disassembly
7.Use an appropriate lifting device to remove the
main differential case and ring gear assembly
from the cage of differential. Figure 3.45.
Figure 3.45
NOTE:
If you replace either the bearing cup or the
cone, replace both parts in a fully-matched
set from the same manufacturer. The bearing cones are not interchangeable.
8.If the bearing cones on the main differential
case need to be replaced, use a bearing extractor to remove the cones. Figure 3.46.
Disassembly Main Differential Case
and Ring Gear
1.Use a punch and hammer to mark the case
halves. The marks will help you correctly
align the case halves during assembly. Figure 3.47.
MARCAS
Figure 3.47
2.
Remove the capscrews and washers that
fasten the halves of the main differential together.
3.Remove the u-joint pinions, thrust washers
and side gears from the separated case assembly. Figure 3.48.
EXTRACTOR
THRUST WASHER
SIDE GEAR
PRESS
U-JOINT, PINIONS
AND THRUST
WASHER
Figure 3.46
Figure 3.48
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
25
Removal and Disassembly
Removal Ring Gear from the Differential Case
PRESS
PLATE
NOTE:
If ring gear needs replaced use the following procedure:
1.For 145 and 160 Series axles, remove the
capscrews, washers and nuts that fasten the
ring gear from the differential case.
CAUTION
Do not remove the rivets or the rivet heads with a chisel and hammer. A
chisel and hammer can damage the
differential case.
2.For 140 Series axles, remove the rivets that
fasten the ring gear to the differential case.
A. Carefully center-punch each rivet head in the
center on the ring gear side of the assembly.
B. Drill each rivet head on the ring gear side of
the assembly to a depth equal to the thickness of one rivet head. Use a drill bit that is
0.0312-inch (0.8000 mm) smaller than the
body diameter of the rivets. Figure 3.49.
Figure 3.50
Removal Drive Pinion Assembly
NOTE:
Inspect the hypoid ring gear set for damage. If
it is not damaged, you can reuse the ring gear
set at reassembly. Measure and record the
gear set backlash. Figure 3.17. See section 3.
DRILLING RIVET
FROMHEAD
Figure 3.51
Figure 3.49
C. Press the rivets through the holes in the ring
gear and the differential case. Press on the
drilled rivet head.
3. Place the ring gear and case assembly on
a press so that the teeth of the gear are toward you. Place supports under the gear.
4. Place a sleeve or a flat metal plate on top
of the case. Press the main differential case
from the ring gear. Figure 3.50.
26
1
2
3
4
5
6
-NUT
- WASHER
-OUTER BEARING CONE
-OUTER BEARING CUP
-OUTER SPACER
-HELICAL DRIVEN GEAR
7 -INNER SPACER
8 -SHIMS
9 -INNER BEARING CUP
10-INNER BEARING CONE
11-DRIVE PINION
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Removal and Disassembly
2. Remove the drive pinion from the Cage of
differential.
A. Place the differential carrier into a press so
that the threaded end of the drive pinion is
facing UP. Place supports under the differential mounting flange.
B. Place a protector onto the top of the drive
pinion shaft. Figure 3.52.
3. If necessary, remove the inner and the
outer bearing cups from the cage of differential. Use a hammer and drift to remove
the cups from the Cage of differential. Replace any shims that are demaged. Measure and Record the thickness of the shim
Pack for reassembly. Figure 3.53.
INNER BEARING
CUP
PRESS
PROTECTOR
DRIVE
PINION
Figure 3.52
CAUTION
The drive pinion must not fall on
the floor when the drive pinion is
pressed from the DIFFERENTIAL. If
the drive pinion falls to the floor,
the gear teeth may be damaged.
C. Press the pinion through the outer bearing
cone and the helical driven gear. Remove
the drive pinion from the bottom of the cage
of differential.
OUTER BEARING
CUP
Figure 3.53
4.If necessary, remove the inner bearing
cone from the drive pinion. Place a bearing
extractor under the inner race to support the
bearing. Place a protector on the top of the
pinion shaft and press the drive pinion out
of the bearing cone. Figure 3.54.
PRESS
D. Remove the outer spacer, outer bearing cone
and helical driven gear from the differential.
Remove the inner spacer from the drive pinion.
NOTE:
If you replace either the bearing cup or the
cone, replace both parts in a fully-matched
set from the same manufacturer.
NOTE:
If a new ring gear and drive pinion are being installed, the inner bearing cup must be
removed to change the shim pack between
the cup and the cage of differential.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
EXTRACTOR TOLL
Figure 3.54
27
Prepare Parts for Reassembly
Hazard Alert Messages
Read and observe all Warning and Caution
hazard alert messages in this publication. They
provide information that can help prevent serious personal injury, damage to components, or
both.
WARNING
To prevent serious eye injury, always wear safe
eye protection when you perform vehicle maintenance or service.
Solvent cleaners can be flammable, poisonous
and cause burns. Examples of solvent cleaners are carbon tetrachloride, and emulsion-type
and petroleum-base cleaners. Read the manufacturer’s instructions before using a solvent
cleaner, then carefully follow the instructions.
Also follow the procedures below.
• Wear safe eye protection.
• Wear clothing that protects your skin.
• Work in a well-ventilated area.
• Do not use gasoline, or solvents that contain
gasoline. Gasoline can explode.
• You must use hot solution tanks or alkaline
solutions correctly. Read the manufacturer’s
instructions before using hot solution tanks
and alkaline solutions. Then carefully follow
the instructions.
Take care when you use Loctite® adhesive to
avoid serious personal injury. Read the manufacturer’s instructions before using this product.
Follow the instructions carefully to prevent irritation to the eyes and skin.
The POSE™ seal installation is recommended
only for triple lip and other previous design seals.
Do not use thin metal wear sleeves to refresh
the yoke surface. Wear sleeves pressed onto
the yoke will prevent correct seating of the pinion seal and damage the pinion seal assembly.
Wear sleeve usage will cause the seal to leak
1. Clean the ground and polished surface of
the fork of the universal joint using a clean
shop towel and a safe cleaning solvent. Do
not use abrasive cleaners, towels or scrubbers to clean the fork or flange surface. Do
not use gasoline.
NOTE:
The unitized seal features a rubber inner
sleeve that is designed to seal and rotate
with the fork. This feature allows you to reuse a fork with minor grooves.
2.Inspect the fork seal surface for grooves.
• If you find grooves on fork hubs used with single or triple-lip seals: Replace the yokes
• If you find grooves on the fork hubs use calipers to measure the groove diameters. If any
groove diameter measures less than the dimensions shown in Figure 4.1, replace the
yoke.
UNITIZED PINION SEAL (UPS)
Clean, Dry and Inspect PartsClean and
Inspect the forks
CAUTION
Do not install a press-on shaft excluder or POSE™ seal after you install a unitized pinion seal. The use
of a POSE™ seal will prevent correct seating of the unitized pinion
seal on the fork and will result in
lubricant leakage at the seal.
fork Seal
Diameter
Minimum fork Diameter at
Groove (Inches)
76,200 / 76,237
82,550 / 82,677
75,946
82,296
A - MINIMUM GROOVE DEPTH — DIAMETER
B - FORKE SEAL DIAMETER
Figure 4.1
28
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Prepare Parts for Reassembly
Clean Ground and Polished Parts
1.Use a cleaning solvent, kerosene or diesel
fuel to clean ground or polished parts or surfaces. Do not use gasoline.
2.Use a tool with a flat blade if required, to remove sealant material from parts. Be careful
not to damage the polished or smooth surfaces.
CAUTION
Do not use hot solution tanks or
water and alkaline solutions to
clean ground or polished parts.
Damage to parts can result.
3.Do not clean ground or polished parts with
water or steam.Do not immerse ground or
polished parts in a hot solution tank or use
strong alkaline solutions for cleaning, or the
smooth sealing surface may be damaged.
Clean Rough Parts
1.Clean rough parts with the same method as
cleaning ground and polished parts.
2.Rough parts can be cleaned in hot solution
tanks with a weak or diluted alkaline solution.
3.Parts must remain in hot solution tanks until
heated and completely cleaned
4.Parts must be washed with water until all
traces of the alkaline solution are removed.
Clean Axle Assemblies
1.
A complete axle assembly can be steam
cleaned on the outside to remove dirt.
2.Before the axle is steam cleaned, close or
place a cover over all openings in the axle
assembly. Examples of openings are breathers or vents in air chambers.
Drying Parts After Cleaning
1.Parts must be dried immediately after cleaning and washing.
2.Dry the parts using soft, clean paper or cloth
rags.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
caution
Damage to bearings can result
when they are rotated and dried
with compressed air.
3.Except for bearings, parts can be dried with
compressed air.
Prevent Corrosion on Cleaned Parts
1.Apply axle lubricant to cleaned and dried parts
that are not damaged and are to be assembled.
2.To store parts, apply a special material that
prevents corrosion to all surfaces. Wrap
cleaned parts in a special paper that will protect the parts from moisture and prevent corrosion.
Inspect Parts
It is very important to inspect all parts carefully and
completely before the axle or differential is assembled. Check all parts for wear and replace damaged parts.
1.Inspect the cup, cone, rollers and cage of all
tapered roller bearings in the assembly. If
any of the following conditions exist, replace
the bearing.
• The center of the large-diameter end of the
rollers is worn level with or below the outer
surface. Figure 4.2
• The radius at the large-diameter end of the
rollers is worn to a sharp edge. Figure 4.2.
• There is a visible roller groove in the cup or
cone inner race surfaces. The groove can be
seen at the small- or large-diameter end of
both parts. Figure 4.3.
• There are deep cracks or breaks in the cup,
cone inner race or roller surfaces. Figure 4.3.
• There are bright wear marks on the outer surface of the roller cage. Figure 4.4.
• There is damage on the rollers and on the
surfaces of the cup and cone inner race that
touch the rollers. Figure 4.5.
• There is damage on the cup and cone inner
race surfaces that touch the rollers. Figure 4.6.
29
Prepare Parts for Reassembly
WERN RADIUS
ETCHING AND PITTING
Figure 4.5
WERN SURFACE
Figure 4.2
SPALLING AND FLAKING
WEAR GROOVES
CRACK
Figure 4.6
Figure 4.3
Caution
A drive pinion and ring gear are machined as a matched set. When you
replace either a drive pinion or a
ring gear, you must replace both
parts as a matched set. Do not mix
old and new parts. Damage to components can result.
2.Inspect hypoid pinions and gears for wear
and damage.Replace gears that are worn or
damaged.
WEAR MARKS
30
Figure 4.4
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Prepare Parts for Reassembly
Caution
A thrust washer, differential side
gear and pinion gear are machined
as a matched set. When you replace
any of these parts, you must install a new matched set. Do not mix
old and new parts. Damage to components can result.
3.Inspect the following main differential assembly parts for wear or stress. Replace
parts that are damaged. Figure 4.7.
• Inside surfaces of both case halves
• Both surfaces of all thrust washers
• The four trunnion ends of the u-joint of differential
• Teeth and splines of both differential side
gears
• Teeth and bore of all differential pinions
Inspect inside
surfaces.
DIFFERENTIAL
CASE HALVES
PINION AND
THRUST WASHER
SIDE GEAR
AND THRUST
WASHER
A.Remove the breather plug from the axle
housing.
B.Clean the breather plug.
• If the breather plug remains dirty after
cleaning:Replace the breathe plugr.
C.Apply compressed air to the breather.
• If compressed air does not pass through the
breather plug: Replace the breather plug.
D.Install the breather plug in the axle housing.
Repair or Replace Parts
NOTE:
Threads must be without damage and clean
so that accurate adjustments and correct
torque values can be applied to fasteners
and parts.
1.Replace any fastener if the corners of the
head are worn.
2.Replace the washers if damaged.
3.Replace the gaskets, oil seals or grease seals
at the time of axle or differential repair.
4.Clean the parts and apply new silicone gasket material where required when the axle or
differential is assembled. Figure 4.8.
Inspect.
Inspect.
Inspect.
DIFFERENTIAL
SPIDER OR GEAR NEST
ASSEMBLY
CROSS
Remove silicone
gasket from parts.
Figure 4.7
4.Inspect the axle shafts for wear and cracks at
the flange, shaft and splines. Replace the axle
shafts, if necessary.
5.Inspect the breather plug.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Figure 4.8
5.Remove nicks, mars and burrs from parts
with machined or ground surfaces. Use a fine
file, india stone, emery cloth or crocus cloth.
6.Clean and repair the threads of fasteners and
holes.
31
Prepare Parts for Reassembly
Welding on Axle Housings
WARNING
Wear safe clothing and eye protection when
you use welding equipment. Welding equipment can burn you and cause serious personal
injury. Follow the operating instructions and
safety procedures recommended by the welding equipment manufacturer.
Axle weld locations and welding procedures
must adhere to Meritor standards. Welding at
locations other than those authorized by Meritor will void the warranty and can reduce axle
beam fatigue life. Serious personal injury and
damage to components can result.
Seer to Maintenance Manual number 8, on the
Drive Axle Housings. To obtain this publication,
see to the Service Notes page on the begin of
this manual.
Meritor permits drive axle housing assembly repair welding in the following locations only.
• Housing-to-cover weld joints;
• Snorkel welds;
• Housing seam welds between the suspension attaching brackets
• Bracket welding to the drive axle housing
Prepare the Axle
WARNING
The high temperature caused by the open
flame from the cutting torch can ignite the oil
in the axle housing and can cause serious personal injury.
1.Remove the oil drain plug from the bottom of
the axle housing and drain the lubricant from
the assembly.
CAUTION
Remove the differential from the
axle housing before you weld onto
an axle. Do not weld for axle with
the differential installed. Electrical arc and damage to components
can result.
32
2.Remove the differential assembly from the
axle housing. See the correct Meritor differential maintenance manual or the vehicle
manufacturer’s instructions.
CAUTION
Remove the brake air chambers before you weld onto an axle. Do not
expose a brake air chamber to more
than 250°F (121°C). Damage to the air
chamber can result.
3.
Remove the wheel-end components and
brake air chambers from the axle. See to the
correct Meritor brake maintenance manual or
the vehicle manufacturer’s instructions.
4.For housing to cover welds, clean the outside
housing-to-cover weld area 2 at 3 -inches
(50.8-76.2 mm) past each end or side of the
crack. Clean the inside area where the cover
mates with the housing. Clean the area completely around the cover. Use a wire brush
and a cleaning solvent that will remove dirt
and grease from these areas.
5.For suspension bracket welds, clean both
lower and upper suspension brackets and
the areas of the axle housing around each
bracket. Use a wire brush and a cleaning
solvent that will remove dirt and grease from
these areas.
WARNING
The axle housing must be 70°F (21°C) or
warmer before you weld onto the axle. Do not
weld onto a cold axle or weld cold parts onto an
axle. Cracks in the weld area, damage to components and serious personal injury can result.
6.Ensure that the axle housing temperature
measures 70°F (21°C) or warmer.
• If the axle housing temperature measures
less than 70°F (21°C): Store the axle in a
heated room until the housing reaches the
correct temperature.
7.
Heat the damaged area to approximately
300°F (149°C) before you begin welding.
8. Use suitable weld wire electrodes when you
weld. Suitable weld wire electrodes include either BS EN 499 – E 42 2 B 32 H5 or BS EN
440 – G 42 2 M GSi (American Welding Society
equivalents E7018 and ER70S3, respectively).
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Prepare Parts for Reassembly
9.
For complete welding instructions, refer to
Maintenance Manual 8, Drive Axle Housings.
To obtain this publication, see to the Service
Notes page on the brgin this manual.
Do Not Bend or Straighten a Damaged
Drive Axle Housing
WARNING
Replace damaged or out-of specification axle
components. Do not bend, repair or recondition
axle components by welding or heat-treating. A
bent axle beam reduces axle strength, affects
vehicle operation and voids Meritor’s warranty.
Serious personal injury and damage to components can result.
Always replace a damaged drive axle housing.
Do not bend or straighten a damaged housing,
which can misalign or weaken it,
and void warranty.
Removing Fasteners Secured with
Adhesive
If it is difficult to remove fasteners secured with
Dri-Loc, Meritor adhesive or Loctite 277 adhesive, use the following procedure.
When you remove fasteners secured with adhesive, slowly heat the fastener to 350°F (177°C).
Do not exceed this temperature, or heat fasteners quickly. Damage to components can result.
1.Heat the fastener for three to five seconds.
Try to loosen the fastener with a wrench. Do
not use an impact wrench or hit the fastener
with a hammer.
2.Repeat Step 1 until you can remove the
fastener.
1.Use a wire brush to clean the oil and dirt from
threaded holes.
2.Install new fasteners with pre-applied adhesive to assemble parts. Do not apply adhesives or sealants to fasteners with pre-applied adhesive, or to fastener holes.
3.Tighten the fasteners to the required torque
value for that size fastener. See the warnings
to the required torque
Original or Used Fasteners
1.Use a wire brush to clean the oil, dirt and old
adhesive from all threads and threaded holes.
NOTE:
There is no drying time required for Meritor
liquid adhesive 2297-C-7049, Loctite 638 or
680 liquid adhesive or equivalent.
2.Apply four or five drops of Meritor liquid adhesive Loctite 638 or 680 or equivalent inside
each threaded hole or bore. Do not apply adhesive directly to the fastener threads. Figure 4.9.
3.Tighten the fasteners to the required torque
value for that size fastener. See the warnings
to the required torque.
Cuatro o cinco gotas
en las roscas
New Fasteners with Pre-Applied Adhesive
NOTE:
To remove fasteners secured with pr-applied adhesive no need to wait for drying
Figure 4.9
Meritor Aplication Adhesive 2297-T4180 in the Differential Bearing Bores
NOTE:
Use Meritor specification 2297-T-4180 adhesive, for all axles.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
33
Prepare Parts for Reassembly
1.Clean the oil and dirt from the outer diameters
of the bearing cups and bearing bores in the
differential and bearing caps. There is no special cleaning required.
2.Apply axle lubricant to the bearing cones and
the inner diameters of the bearing cups of the
main differential. Do not get oil on the outer
diameter of the bearing cup and do not permit
oil to drip for the bearing bores.
2.Remove all debris from inside the housing.
3.Use a rotary tool with a scour pad to clean
all silicone residue from the housing and differential faces. Figure 4.11. Surfaces must be
clean, dry and free of foreign matter. The surfaces must not be oily to the touch.
Cleaning the housing face with a rotary
tool and a scour pad.
NOTE:
Meritor specification 2297-T-4180 adhesive,
will dry in approximately two hours. You
must complete the procedure within two
hours from the time you apply the adhesive.
If this period have passed since application, clean the adhesive from the parts and
apply new adhesive.
3.Apply a single continuous bead of the adhesive to the bearing bores in the differential
and bearing caps. Apply the adhesive around
the circumference of the smooth, ground surfaces only. Do not place the adhesive on the
threaded areas. Figure 4.10.
ADHESIVE
BEARING
CAP
MAIN DIFFERENTIAL
Figure 4.10
4.Install the main differential assembly, bearing
cups and bearing caps. See Section 5.
5.Adjust the preload of the differential bearings,
backlash and tooth contact patterns of the
gear set as required. See Section 5.
Figure 4.11
4.Remove metal filings from the magnets inside
the housing.
5.Use solvent to clean the inside of the housing.
6.Use Loctite ODC Free cleaner or brake cleaner to clean the housing and differential faces.
7.Dry the housing and differential faces.
8.
Use a rotary wire brush to remove any
threadlocker material and clean the capscrew
threads to differential. Use a clean cloth to
wipe the threads.
9.Use a tap to clean the internal threads in the
housing.
CAUTION
New capscrew kits have blue Dri-Loc® STS
threadlocker, an equivalent to Loctite® 242
threadlocker, applied to the capscrews. Do not
remove the blue Dri-Loc® STS threadlocker
from the capscrews. Damage to components
can result.
Differential to Housing Joint Sealing
Procedure Aplication
1.
Remove the differential from the housing.
See Section 3.
34
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Prepare Parts for Reassembly
CAUTION
Apply silicone gasket material in
a continuous 0.25 inch (6 mm) bead.
If you use more than this amount,
gasket material can break off and
plug lubrication passages. Damage
to components can result.
LOCTITE® 242 THREADLOCKER APPLICATION
360˚ LOCTITE® BEAD
10.Apply a 0.25 inch (6 mm) bead of Loctite®
5699 silicone gasket material to the housing face. Do not use ThreeBond1216E silicone products. Figure 4.12.
DIAMETER SILICONE
GASKET BEAD 0,25” (6MM
Figure 4.12
11.Install two long studs in the differential to
guide the differential into the housing.
12.Immediately install the differential into the
housing to compress the liquid gasket
evenly between the differential faces and
the housing.
caution
Apply silicone gasket material in
a continuous 0.125 inch (3 mm) bead.
If you use more than this amount,
gasket material can break off and
plug lubrication passages. Damage
to components can result.
13.Apply a 0.125-inch (3 mm) bead of Loctite®
242 threadlocker around the capscrew
threads approximately 0.25-inch (6 mm)
from the end. Apply a 0.125 inch (3 mm)
bead of Loctite® 242threadlocker across
the length of the threads. Figure 4.13.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
6 mm
Figure 4.13
14. Install the capscrews. Use a crossing pattern to tighten the capscrews evenly. The
capscrews must be tightened within10
minutes of initial application of Loctite®
242 threadlocker.
• Tighten the 1/2-inch capscrews to 140 lb-ft
(190 N m).
• Tighten the 5/8-inch capscrews to 225 lb-ft
(306 N m).
15. Wait a minimum of 60 minutes before filling the assembly with lubricant. See Section 7.
Fork and General U-Joint Reassembly
Install the fork general u-joint capscrews by
hand after seating the U-joint. Tighten the capscrews according to the manufacturer’s torque
specifications.
Identification
Gear Sets
See Table A, Table B, Table C and Table D
for information on identifying gear sets with
matched parts. Always check match numbers
to verify that the gear set you will install has
matched parts. Figure 4.14.
35
Prepare Parts for Reassembly
Table C: Gear Set Match Number
ALTERNATE LOCATIONS
Figure 4.14
Match Number
M29
1-
PART NUMBER, TOOTH COMBINATION NUMBER,
GEAR SET MATCH NUMBER, PINION CONE VARIATION
NUMBER
2 -PART NUMBER, TOOTH COMBINATION NUMBER
3 -GEAR SET MATCH NUMBER, PINION CONE VARIATION
NUMBER
4-
PART NUMBER, TOOTH COMBINATION NUMBER,
GEAR SET MATCH NUMBER
5-
PART NUMBER, TOOTH COMBINATION NUMBER,
GEAR SET MATCH NUMBER
Examples
Table A: Gear Set Part Numbers
LOCATION
Conventional ring
gearl
36786
On the front face or
outer diameter
Conventional drive
pinion
36787
Generoid ring gear
Generoid
drive
pinion
36786K o
36786K2
36787
5-37 = gear set has
a 5 -tooth drive pinion and a 37 tooth
ring gear
At
the end
threads
at
Location
Pinion head
On the front face or
outer diameter
NOTE:
Don’t use the pinion cone variation number when you check for a matched gear set.
Use this number when you adjust the pinion depth of the differential assembly. See
Section 5.
Table D: Pinion assembly dimension Variation value
Pinion dimension (PC)
Drive Pinion
Ring Gear
Variation value
Location
Location
Pinion head
On the outer
diameter
+0,01 mm
PC-5
-1
-0,02 mm
On the front face or
outer diameter
At
the end
threads
at
Drive Pinion
Ring Gear
Location
Location
At the end at On the front face or
threads
outer diameter
NOTE:
Meritor drive pinions and ring gears are only
available as matched sets. Each gear in a set
has an alphanumeric match number.
36
Location
+2
Table B: Gear Set Tooth Combination Number
Qtd. Gear Set Teeth
Ring Gear
PC+3
NUMBER
PART
Drive Pinion
Check for Mismatched Ratios on Tandem Axles
For a tandem axle pair to function correctly,
the forward and rear axles must operate with
axle ratios within one percent. A mismatched
tandem axle pair can cause differential overheating, hypoid gear set wear, metal debris to
collect on the magnetic drain plug, differential
lubricant additive depletion, excessive interaxle wear and noise.
To determine if the tandem axle ratios operate within allowable limits, refer to one of the
following procedures, You perform the procedure that will work best for the vehicle you are
servicing.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Prepare Parts for Reassembly
Hypoid Gear Set Ratios Listed on the
Identification Tags
1.Locate the identification tags riveted to the
forward and rear of differential. Figure 4.15.
1.Park the vehicle on a level surface.
2.
Engage the power divider and shift the
transmission into NEUTRAL.
3.Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from
moving.
4.Use a jack to raise the vehicle until all the
tandem drive axle wheels clear the ground.
Support the vehicle with safety stands.
5.Mark the forward and rear tires at identical
relative positions.Figure 4.16
PREVIOUS
FigurE 4.15
2.
Compare the axle ratios shown on both
tags. To operate correctly, the axle ratios
for both axles must be within one percent of
each other. To calculate the percentage difference between the axle ratios, refer to the
equation in Table E.
Table E:
Larger Ratio – Smaller
Ratio
Smaller Ratio
Percentage DifX 100 - ference Between
Axle Ratios
MARKS
MARKS
Figure 4.16
6.Turn the forward driveshaft in one direction
by hand until the forward tire completes two
rotations. Figure 4.17. The forward tire must
rotate two times only. If the forward tire rotates more than or less than two rotations,
the angle measurements you make in Step 7
will be inaccurate
• If the axle ratios shown on the identification
tags are not within one percent of each other: See the vehicle manufacturer for further
information
Rotate the Forward Driveshaft to Check
the Hypoid Gear Set Ratio
WARNING
Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the
wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving. Support the vehicle with safety stands. Do not work
under a vehicle supported only by jacks. Jacks
can slip and fall over. Serious personal injury
and damage to components can result.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Rotate two full
turns of forward
tire.
Figure 4.17
7.Note the positions of the tire marks you previously made. On a correctly matched tandem
axle gear set, both tire marks will be within ±
3.6 degrees of each other. Figure 4.18.
37
Prepare Parts for Reassembly
• If the positions of the tire marks are more
than3.6 degrees from each other: Check to the
vehicle manufacturer for further information.
3.Calculate the hypoid gear set ratio by dividing the larger number by the smaller number. Figure 4.19.
If the mark appears in
the shaded area, the tandem
gear set is incorrectly matched.
LARGER NUMBER
SMALLER NUMBER
If the mark appears in this area, the tandem axle gear
set is correctly matched.
Figure 4.18
8.Remove the safety stands and lower the vehicle.
Hypoid Gear Set Teeth Numbers Stamped on the Forward and Rear Axle Drive
Pinions
When the inter-axle driveline or differential
are removed for maintenence, you can check
the hypoid gear set teeth numbers stamped on
the forward and rear axle drive pinions.
=
HYPOID GEAR
SET RATIO
Figure 4.19
To Identify the Gear Teeth Number on
the Rear Axle Drive Pinion
1.
Remove the inter-axle driveshaft. Seethe
vehicle manufacturer’s procedures.
2.Identify and record the gear set teeth numbers stamped on the end of the rear axle
drive pinion. Figure 4.20.
3.Calculate the hypoid gear set ratio by dividing the larger number by the smaller number. Figure 4.20.
WARNING
1.Park the vehicle on a level surface.
2.Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from
moving.
To Identify the Gear Teeth Number on
the Forward Axle Drive Pinion
1.Remove the forward pinion cover. See the
vehicle manufacturer’s procedures.
2.Look into the differential housing. Identify and
record the gear set teeth numbers stamped
on the drive pinion end. Figure 4.19.
LARGER NUMBER
SMALLER NUMBER
=
GEAR SET
RATIO
Figure 4.20
Compare Both Hypoid Gear Set Ratios
1.Both ratios must be within one percent of
each other. To calculate the percentage difference between the axle ratios, refer to the
equation in Table E.
38
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Prepare Parts for Reassembly
• If the axle ratios shown on the identification
tags are not within one percent of each other: See the vehiclemanufacturer for further
information.
2.Install the inter-axle driveshaft. Refer to the
vehicle manufacturer’s procedures.
3.Install the pinion cover. See the vehicle
manufacturer’s procedures.
4.Remove the safety stands and lower the vehicle.
Verify the Actual Hypoid Gear Set Ratios
You can check the actual hypoid gear set ratios
when you remove the differential assemcbly
from the axle housings for maintenance or repair. See the following procedure to calculate
the actual gear set ratios.
1.Count the number of ring gear teeth. Figure 4.21.
2.C ount the number of pinion gear teeth.
Figure 4.21.
3.Divide the number of ring gear teeth by the number of pinion gear teeth to determine the actual
hypoid gear set ratio for each axle. Figure 4.21.
RING GEAR TEETH
PINION GEAR TEETH
Inspection Fork General U-Joint
All current Meritor axles feature helical splines
at the fork interface. This feature provides a
tight fit between the fork and input shaft, output
shaft and pinion shaft. For the axle to operate
correctly, the input shaft, output shaft and pinion shaft must fit tightly to the corresponding
fork.
Check for Fork Wear
WARNING
Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the
wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving.
Support the vehicle with safety stands. Do not
work under a vehicle supported only by jacks.
Jacks can slip and fall over. Serious personal
injury and damage to components can result.
1.Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the
wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving.
2.Use a jack to raise the vehicle so that the
wheels to be serviced are off the ground.
Support the vehicle with safety stands.
3.Remove the driveline.
4.Remove the input, output or pinion shaft nut.
5.Attempt to remove the fork by hand.
• If you can remove the fork by hand: The fork
is worn.Replace the fork e
6.Use a correct fork puller tool to remove the
fork.
Check for a adjustment Condition
NOTE:
You can check for a adjustment fit condition
when you install any serviceable fork
RING GEAR TEETH
PINION GEAR TEETH
=
ACTUAL HYPOID
GEAR SET RATIO
1.Attempt to install the fork by hand.
• If the yoke bottoms out against the adjacent
bearing:Replace the yoke.
Figure 4.21
4.
Calculate the percentage difference between the hypoid gear set ratios using the
equation in Table E. All ratios must match
within one percent.
• If the actual hypoid gear set ratios are not
within one percent of each other: See the
vehicle manufacture for further information.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
39
Prepare Parts for Reassembly
2.Use a correct yoke installation tool to install the
yoke.
3.As you install the fork, you should detect resistance between the fork and shaft.
• If you do not detect resistance between the
fork and shaft: Replace the fork.
4.Install and tighten the input, output or pinion
shaft nut to the correct torque. See Section 8.
5.Install the driveline.
6.Remove the safety stands.
7.Lower the vehicle.
Tire Matching for Tandem and Tridem
Axles
CAUTION
Unmatched tires on both tandem
drive units and tridem drive units
will cause tire wear and scuffing
and possible damage to the drive
units. Meritor recommends that the
tires be matched to within 0.125 inch
(3.18 mm) of the same rolling radius,
0.75 inch (19.05 mm) of the same rolling circumference
Tandem Axles
The four largest tires should never be installed
on one driving axle or the four smallest tires on
the other driving axle. Such tire mounting will
cause an inter-axle fight, unusually high axle
lubricant temperatures that result in premature
lubricant breakdown and possible costly axle
service.
In addition to matching individual tire rolling
radius or rolling circumference, Meritor recommends matching, as nearly as possible, the total
tire circumference of one driving axle to the total
tire circumference of the other driving axle. This
will usually result in satisfactory tandem axle
lubricant temperatures that lengthen drive unit
service with higher tire mileage.
40
Park the vehicle on a level surface. The vehicle
must carry a correctly distributed rated capacity load. All the tires must be the same size.
Measure new tires to verify that they will be correctly matched.
1.Inflate all tires to the same pressure.
2.Carefully measure the rolling circumference
of each tire with a steel tape.
3.Mark the size on each tire with chalk and
arrange the tires in order of size, largest to
smallest.
4.Mount the two largest tires on one side of one
axle and mount the two smallest on the opposite side of the same axle.
5.Mount the four other tires on the other axle in
the same manner.
6.Test run the vehicle to gather accurate rear
axle lubricant temperature readings on the
two axle temperature gauges.
7Vary tire air pressure within the tire manufacturer’s recommended range so the lubricant
temperature of both axles is within 30° F (14°
C) of each other and not in excess of 200°F
(93° C). This will usually result in uniform tire
loading and good tire life.
Tridem Axles
When three driving axles are used together in
a tridem series, unmatched tires will compound
the problems described in the preceding paragraphs. Meritor recommends matching, as
nearly as possible, the total tire circumference
of each of the 3 driving axles.
To match tires on tridem units, follow the same
procedure used for tandem units.
Arrange the tires in order of size.
• The two largest and two smallest go on one axle.
• The next two largest and smallest go on the
second axle.
• The remaining four tires go on the third axle.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
Hazard Alert Messages
Read and observe all Warning and Caution
hazard alert messages in this publication. They
provide information that can help prevent serious personal injury, damage to components, or
both.
WARNING
To prevent serious eye injury, always wear safe
eye protection when you perform vehicle maintenance or service.
Note all warnings and cautions provided by the
press manufacturer to avoid damage to components and serious personal injury.
Installation
Installing the Drive Pinion, Adjusting
Pinion Depth and Preload Bearings
There are two procedures for adjusting pinion
depth. The procedure in this manual is to install
the pinion, bearings and calculated shim pack
into the case WITHOUT the helical gear and
two spacers. After you check the tooth contact
patterns to determine the correct pinion position, you must disassemble the differential to
install the helical gear and two spacers.
An optional procedure is to install the pinion,
bearings and calculated shim pack into the
case WITH the helical gear and two spacers.
After you check the tooth contact patterns to
determine the correct pinion position, you only
need to disassemble the differential if an adjustment is necessary. Both procedures are acceptable.
Adjustment
OUTER BEARING
CONE
OUTER BEARING
CUP
SPACER
HELICAL
DRIVEN
GEAR
SHIMS
SPACER
INNER BEARING CUP
INNER BEARING
CONE
DRIVE PINON
Figure 5.1
1.Use a micrometer to measure the thickness
of the shim pack that was removed from the
differential differential. Record the measurement. Figure 5.2
Figure 5.2
2.Find the pinion cone (PC) variation number
on the drive pinion you’ll replace. Record the
number. Figure 5.3.
• PC+3, PC-3, +3 ou -3 = 0.003”
• PC +.03, PC 0.03 mm, +0.03 mm ou -0.03 =
0.03 mm.
Shim Pack Thickness for a New Drive
Pinion
NOTE:
Use this procedure if you’ll install a new
drive pinion and ring gear set or if you have
to adjust the depth of the drive pinion. If the
pinion depth shims are misplaced during differential repair, use 0.030 inch (0.76 mm) for
145 Series differential and 0.050 inch (1.27
mm) for 160 Series differential for the initial
pinion position. Figure 5.1.
PINION CONE
VARIATION
NUMBER
Figure 5.3
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
41
Assembly and Installation
3.If you can’t find the PC number or it’s unreadable, install a new shim pack of the same
thickness that you measured in Step 1.
TABLE F
Exemplos
NOTE:
The following calculation is the opposite for
a rear differential, forward tandem or single.
4.If the old pinion cone variation number of a
front tandem differential is a plus (+), ADD
the cone variation number to the old shim
pack thickness that was measured in Step 1.
5.If the old pinion cone variation number of a
front tandem differential is a minus (–), SUBTRACT the cone variation number from the
old shim pack thickness that was measured
in Step 1.
6.Find the pinion cone variation number on the
new drive pinion that will be installed. Record
the number.
7.If the new pinion cone variation number of a
front tandem differential is a plus (+), SUBTRACT the variation number from the standard shim pack thickness that was calculated
in Step 4 or Step 5. Use new shims to make
a shim pack to the determined thickness. See
Table F.
8.If the new pinion cone number of a forward
tandem differential is a minus (–), ADD the
number to the standard shim pack thickness
that was calculated in Step 4 or Step 5. Use
new shims to make a shim pack to the determined thickness. See Table F.
mm
inches
1.Old Shim Pack Thickness
0,780
0,030
Old variation PC =PC+2
+0,050
+0,002
Standard Shim Pack Thickness
=0,810
=0,032
New variation PC=PC+5
-0,120
-0,005
New Shim Pack Thickness
=0,690
=0,027
1.Old Shim Pack Thickness
0,780
0,030
Old variation PC=PC-2
+0,050
+0,002
Standard Shim Pack Thickness
=0,710
=0,028
New variation PC=PC+5
-0,120
-0,005
New Shim Pack Thickness
=0,590
=0,023
1.Old Shim Pack Thickness
0,780
0,030
Old variation PC=PC+2
+0,050
+0,002
Standard Shim Pack Thickness
=0,810
=0,032
New variation PC =PC-5
-0,120
-0,005
New Shim Pack Thickness
=0,930
=0,037
1.Old Shim Pack Thickness
0,780
0,030
Old variation PC=PC-2
+0,050
+0,002
Standard Shim Pack Thickness
=0,710
=0,028
New variation PC=PC-5
-0,120
-0,005
New Shim Pack Thickness
=0,830
=0,033
Drive Pinion Assembly
The depth of the drive pinion and ring gear contact is controlled by the thickness of the shim
pack. Figure 5.4.
• To increase the thickness of the drive pinion
contact, increase the thickness of the shim
pack.
• To decrease the depth of the drive pinion
pattern, decrease the thickness of the shim
pack.
OUTER BEARING
CONE
OUTER BEARING
CUP
SHIMS
INNER BEARING
DRIVE PINO
CUP
INNER BEARING CONE
Figure 5.4
42
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
The preload of the bearings on the drive pinion is controlled by a spacer between the outer
bearing cone and the helical driven gear.
Adjust the preload by changing the size of the
spacer.
• To decrease the preload, use a thicker spacer.
• To increase the preload, use a thinner spacer.
• If the depth of the drive pinion is changed,
the thickness of the spacer must also be
changed the same amount. See the following
examples.
• If a 0.003 inch (0.076 mm) shim is ADDED to
the shim pack to INCREASE the depth of the
drive pinion, a 0.003-inch (0.076 mm) larger
spacer must be installed to keep the preload
on the bearings.
• If a 0.003-inch (0.076-mm) shim is REMOVED from the shim pack to DECREASE
the depth of the drive pinion, a 0.003-inch
(0.076 mm) smaller spacer must be installed
to keep the preload on the bearings.
NOTE:
The helical driven gear and the spacers are
installed when the bearing preload on the
drive pinion is inspected and adjusted.
1.If you are installing a new ring gear and drive
pinion, the correct thickness of the shim pack
between the pinion inner bearing cap and the
differential must be determined. See the procedure in this section before temporarily assembling and installing the drive pinion assembly.
• If you are installing the original ring gear and
drive pinion, temporarily install the drive pinion assembly.
2.If removed, use a press and a sleeve to install the inner bearing cone onto the drive
pinion. Place the sleeve on the inner race of
the bearing. Apply pressure until the bottom
of the cone touches the shoulder on the pinion. Figure 5.5.
PRESS AND
SLEEVE
Figure 5.5
3. Apply axle lubricant to the bearing caps and
cones.
4. If removed, install the shim pack and the inner bearing cap of the drive pinion.
A. Place the differential case into a press so
that the bearings caps are toward the TOP
of the press.
B. Install the correct amount of shims into the
bore for the inner bearing cap of the drive
pinion. Figure 5.6.
Bearing caps
SHIMS
Figure 5.6
C. Place the cap into the bore. Figure 5.6.
D. Place supports under the differential case
so that the case is level.
E. Place a sleeve or a installation tool into the
caps and press the caps into the bore until
the bottom of the cap touches the shims.
If a press is not available, use a sleeve, a
brass drift or a installation tool and a hammer to install the cap. Figure 5.7.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
43
Assembly and Installation
Installation Drive Pinion Assembly
PRESS
Bearing caps
Figure 5.7
5.If removed, install the outer bearing cap for
the drive pinion.
A.Place the differential caser in the press so
that the bearing caps of the differential stay
toward the bottom of the press. Place supports under the differential case, so that the
differential is level.
B.Place the outer bearing cap for the drive pinion into the bore of the differential case.
C.Use a sleeve or a installation tool and a
press to install the cap. Press the cap into
the differential case until the bottom of the
cap touches the bottom of the bore. If a
press is not available, use a sleeve, a brass
drift or a installation tool and a hammer to
install the cap. Figure 5.8.
1.Place the drive pinion into the differential
case so that the pinion is through the inner
and the outer bearing caps.
2.Place the differential case in the press so
that the bearing caps of the differential stay
toward the bottom of the press. Place supports under the differential case so that the
case is level. Place a support under the head
of the drive pinion so that the inner bearing
cone on the pinion shaft touches the inner
bearing cap in the differential case.
3.Place the outer bearing cone in the pinion
shaft
4. Use a press and a sleeve to install the bearing cone in the pinion. Apply no more than
two tons (1814 kg) of force to verify that the
bearing cone is correctly installed. Figure 5.9.
SLEEVE
Figure 5.9
Adjustment Drive Pinion Bearing Preload
PRESS
Figure 5.8
44
NOTE:
If the depth of the drive pinion was changed,
then the amount of the change must be
added or subtracted to the thickness of the
spacer between the outer bearing cap and
the helical driven gear.
After you obtain the correct gear tooth contact pattern and the correct shim pack thickness, you must adjust the bearing preload on
the drive pinion. The preload is controlled by
the thickness of the spacer between the helical
driven gear and the outer bearing cone. Figure
5.10.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
SPACER- AVAILABLE IN
DIFERENT SIZES TO ADJUST
PRELOAD.
OUTER BEARING ASSEMBLY
SPACER - ONLY
AVAILABLE IN ONE
SIZE.
3.Turn the differential case so that the bearing
caps of the differential case are UP. Place
supports under the differential case so that
the case is level.
4.Place the helical driven gear over the pinion
bore in the differential case so that the splines
inside the gear are toward the front of the differential case. Place the large spacer on top
of the helical driven gear so that the spacer is
toward the inner bearing cap. Figure 5.12.
INNER BEARING
ASSEMBLY
Figure 5.10
PRESS
1.Place the differential case in the press so that
the threaded end of the pinion is UP. Place
supports under the flange of the differential
case so that the case is level. Place a wood
block under the head of the pinion. Figure
5.11.
2.Press the drive pinion out of the outer bearing
cone. Remove the cone. Figure 5.11.
DRIVE
PINON
SPACER
HELICAL
DRIVEN GEAR
SUPPORT
SUPPORT
Figure 5.12
PRESS
OUTER BEARING
CONE
DRIVE
PINION
5.Install the drive pinion into the helical driven
gear. Verify that the splines on the pinion engage the splines inside the gear. Figure 5.12.
SUPPORT
CAUTION
WOOD BLOCK
SUPPORT
Figure 5.11
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Do not apply pressure after the inner bearing cone touches the inner
bearing cap. If more pressure is applied, the cap, cone and drive pinion
will be damaged.
45
Assembly and Installation
6.Place a protector in the head of the drive
pinion. Use a press to install the pinion into
the differential case so that the inner bearing
cone touches the bearing cap. At this time,
the helical driven gear will not be completely
installed on the drive pinion. Figure 5.12.
7.Place the differential case in the press so
that the threaded end of the pinion is toward
the TOP. Place supports under the flange of
the differential case so that the case is level.
Place a wood block under the head of the
drive pinion so the inner pinion bearing cone
touches the inner bearing cap. Figure 5.13.
CAUTION
Do not apply pressure after the
helical driven gear touches the
spacer in front of the inner bearing on the drive pinion. If pressure
is applied after the parts touch
each other, the gear will damage
the spacer.
8.Use a press and a sleeve to completely install
the helical driven gear onto the drive pinion.
Use a sleeve on the hub of the gear that fits
inside the pinion bore. Press the gear into the
drive pinion until the gear touches the spacer.
Figure 5.13.
9. Cut two pieces of lead or solder approximately 0.5625-inch (14 mm) long and 0.625inch (16 mm) wide. Use the two pieces of
solder or lead as gauge blocks to determine
the correct thickness of the spacer between
the helical driven gear and the outer bearing.
10.Place the two pieces of lead or solder so
that the pieces are opposite each other on
top of the helical driven gear.
11.Place the outer bearing cone into the cap
over the two pieces of lead or solder on top
of the helical driven
12.Remove the support from the flange of the
differential case. Place a sleeve on top of
the outer bearing cone. Use a press to apply 2 tons (1814 kg) of force to the outer
bearing cone. The force of the press compresses the lead or solder pieces to the
correct size. Do not apply more than 2 tons
(1814 kg) of force. Figure 5.14.
PRESS - DO NOT APLLY MORE THAN
TWO TONS (1814Kg) OF PRESSURE
SLEEVE
OUTER BEARIN
CONE
HELICAL
DRIVEN
GEAR
PIECES OF
LEAD OR
SOLDER
PRESS
SLEEVE
HELICAL DRIVEN
GEAR
WOOD BLOCK AND
END OF DRIVE PINION MUST TOUCH
WOOD BLOCK - MUST
SUPPORT HEAD OF
PINON
SUPPORT
WOOD
BLOCK
Figure 5.14
SUPPORT
Figure 5.13
13.Release the pressure and remove the wood
block from under the head of the drive pinion.
46
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
14.Use a press and a sleeve to press the shaft
of the drive pinion out of the outer bearing
cone. Do not press the shaft of the drive
pinion out of the helical driven gear.
15.Remove the outer bearing cone and the two
pieces of lead or solder from the outer bearing cone.
16.Use a micrometer to measure the thicknesses of the compressed pieces of lead or
solder. Add the measurements of the two
pieces and divide by two (2) to determine
the average size of the pieces. Add 0.004inch (0.100 mm) to the average size. Use
this dimension to determine the size of the
spacer to install between the helical driven
gear and the outer bearing. See Table G.
TABLE G
Example
(mm)
Pol.
Thickness of piece number 1
(12.800)
0,504
Thickness of piece number 2
(12.852)
+0,506
Total thickness
(25.826)
1,010
Divide by two (2) to determine
the average thickness
(12.826)
0,505
Add 0.004-inch (0.100 mm) to
determine the thickness of the
spacer
(12.9260)
0,509
17.Place a wood block under the head of the
drive pinion so that the inner bearing cone
on the pinion touches the inner bearing cap
in the differential case. Remove the supports from the differential case. Figure 5.15.
CONO DEL
RODAMIENTO
EXTERNO
PRESS - DO NOT APLLY
MORE THAN TWO TONS
(1814Kg) OF PRESSURE
SPACER
SLEEVE
HELICAL DRIVEN
GEAR
SPACER
ROTATE
IN THESE
DIRECTIONS
AS CONE IS
PRESSED ON
PINION
CAUTION
Do not apply pressure after the
helical driven gear touches the
spacer in front of the inner bearing on the drive pinion. If pressure
is applied after the parts touch
each other, the gear will damage
the spacer.
NOTE:
The inner bearing cone on the drive pinion
must touch the inner bearing cap in the differential case, when the helical driven gear
is being installed.
18.Use a press and a sleeve to completely install the helical driven gear on the drive pinion. Use a sleeve on the hub of the gear that
fits inside the pinion bore. Press the gear in
the drive pinion until the gear touches the
spacer. Do not remove the wood block at
this time. Figure 5.14
19.Install the correct size spacer the shaft of
the pinion in front of the helical driven gear.
NOTE:
Verify that the wood block is still under the
head of the drive pinion. The inner bearing
cone on the pinion must touch the cap in
the differential case.
20.Install the outer bearing cone into the shaft
of the drive pinion. Figure 5.15.
A. Place the outer bearing cone on the shaft of
the drive pinion.
B. Place a sleeve in the top, inner race, of the
outer bearing cone.
C. Use a press to apply 2 tons (1814 kg) of
force on the bearing cone to install the cone
into the shaft of the drive pinion. Rotate the
differential case in both directions, while
the cone is being installed to verify that the
bearing cone is correctly installed.
21.Release the pressure and remove the differential case from the press. Place the differential case in a repair stand.
WOOD BLOCK - MUST SUPPORT HEAD
OF DRIVE PINON
Figure 5.15
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
47
Assembly and Installation
22.Install the washer and the nut the drive pinion. Prevent the drive pinion assembly from
rotating by using of device or tool to hold
the teeth of the helical driven gear or place
wood blocks between the head of the pinion and the differential case wall. Tighten
the nut to the specified torque. See Section
8. Remove the holding tool or the wood
blocks.
23.Use an inch-pound torque wrench or a
spring scale to inspect the preload of the
bearings on the drive pinion.
Dinamometry Scale Method
1.Wind a cord around the washer under the nut
of the drive pinion
2.Attach a dinamometry scale to the end of the
cord
3.Pull the dynamometry scale and cord in a
horizontal direction while looking at the reading on the spring scale. Figure 5.17.
Torque Wrench Method
1.Place an inch-pound (N.m) torque wrench
and the correct socket in the drive pinion nut.
Figure 5.16.
REAR SIDE GEAR
BEARING CUP
Read rotating
torque a dinamometry
Figure 5.17
CARRIER INPUT
BORE
Figure 5.16
2.Use the torque wrench to rotate the drive pinion assembly. Inspect and record the torque
level. Read while rotating the assembly. Record the dynamic or rotating torque not the
starting torque.
3.The preload of the drive pinion bearings must
be within the following limits.
• For new pinion bearings: 5-45 lb-in (0.56.
5.08 N.m) rotational torque
• For used pinion bearings: 10-30 lb-in (1.133.39 N.m ) rotational torque .
• If the preload is not within the specified limits, remove and replace the spacer between
the outer bearing cone and the helical driven
gear. See the procedure below:
• To decrease the preload, install a thicker
spacer.
• To increase the preload, install a thinner spacer.
48
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
4.Measure the outer diameter of the washer
under the drive pinion. Divide the outer diameter of the washer by two (2) to get the radius of the washer. Multiply the radius of the
washer by the reading on the spring scale to
get the preload on the pinion bearings
Example
Outer diameter of the washer = 3.00 inches
(76.20 mm) scale reading = 9 lbs (4 kg)
(mm)
Pol.
Outer diameter of the washer
(76,20)
3,00
Divide the outer diameter by
two (2) to get the radius of
the washer
(38.10)
1,50
1,49 N.m
13,50
lb-in
Multiply the radius of the
washer by the spring scale
reading
5.The preload of the drive pinion bearings must
be within the following limits.
• For new pinion bearings:5-45 lb-in (0.56-5.08
N.m) rotational torque
• For used pinion bearings:10-30 lb-in (1.133.39 Nm) rotational torque
• If the preload is not within the specified limits, remove and replace the spacer between
the outer bearing cone and the helical driven
gear. See the procedure below.
• To decrease the preload, install a thicker
spacer.
• To increase the preload, install a thinner spacer.
Spacer Replacement
NOTE:
Do not grind spacers by hand. The surfaces
must be parallel within 0.0001-inch (0.0020
mm). You must use the correct spacers.
1.Prevent the drive pinion assembly from rotating by using a fixture to hold the teeth of
the helical driven gear or place wood blocks
between the head of the pinion and the differential wall. Remove the nut and the washer
from the shaft of the drive pinion. Figure 5.18.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
OUTER BEARING
CONE
SPACER
WOOD BLOCK
DOES NOT
TOUCH DRIVE
PINION
DRIVE
PINION
SUPPORT
SUPPORT
Figure 5.18
2.. Place the differential case into a press so
that the threaded end of the pinion is toward
the TOP of the press. Place supports under
the flange of the differential case so that the
differential is level. Place a wood block under
the head of the pinion. Verify that the wood
block does not touch the head of the drive
pinion.
3.
Press the drive pinion out of the bearing
cone. Remove the outer bearing cone from
the differential caser.
4.Install the correct size spacer in the shaft of
the pinion over the helical driven gear.
5.Repeat Step 20 through Step 23 under Drive
Pinion Bearing Preload in this section.
6.When the preload is within the specified
range, install the main differential case and
ring gear assembly into the differential case.
See to procedure in this section.
Assembly Main Differential and Ring
Gear
CAUTION
Heat the ring gear before seating it
in the differential case. Do not press
a cold ring gear on the flange case
half. A cold ring gear will damage
the case half because of the tight
fit.
49
Assembly and Installation
1. Expand the ring gear by heating the gear in a
tank of water to 160-180°F (71-82°C) for 10 to
15 minutes.
WARNING
Wear safe clothing and gloves for protection
from injury when working with the hot ring gear.
2.Use a lifting tool to safely lift the ring gear from
the tank of water.
3.Install the ring gear onto the flange case half
immediately after the gear is heated.
• If the ring gear does not fit easily on the case
half, heat the gear again.
4.Align the ring gear and flange case half fastener holes. Rotate the ring gear as necessary
NOTE:
If rivets were used to hold the ring gear
to the flange case half, replace them with
bolts, nuts and washers. For 140 Series differential with rivets are serviced with bolt
kits for reassembly.
5.Install the bolts, nuts and washers, if equipped,
that hold the ring gear to the flange case half.
Install the bolts from the front side of the gear.
The bolt threads must be installed from the inside face of the ring gear and the nuts tightened
from the back of the ring gear. Figure 5.19.
6.Tighten the bolts and nuts, if equipped, to the
correct torque value. See to Section 8
7.Inspect for gaps between the back surface of
the ring gear and the case flange. Use a 0.003inch (0.080 mm) feeler gauge to inspect at four
points around the assembly. Figure 5.20.
• If the gaps exceed specification, inspect the
flange case half and ring gear for the problem
that causes the gap. Repair or replace parts as
necessary. Reassemble the ring gear on the
flange case half. Reinspect for gaps.
CHECK FOR
0,003” (0,080 mm)
GAP AT FOUR
LOCATIONS.
Figure 5.20
8.Use a press and the correct size sleeve to install the bearing cones in the both of the case
halves. Figure 5.21.
RING
GEAR
PRESS
FLANGE
CASE HALF
SLEEVE
CASE HALF
SUPPORT
BEARING
CONE
SUPPORT
BOLT HEAD
INSTALLED
FROM FRONT
OF GEAR
Figure 5.19
50
Figure 5.21
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
9. Apply axle oil lubricant on the inside surfaces
of both case halves, spider or cross, thrust
washers, side gears and differential pinions.
10.Place the flange case half in a bench with the
ring gear teeth toward the TOP.
13.Install the second side gear and thrust
washer over the spider and differential pinions. Figure 5.24.
Caution
THRUST WASHER
The side gears in some differential models have hubs of different lengths. Install the correct
length side gear into the flange
case half. Damage to components
can result.
11.Install one thrust washer and side gear into
the flange case half. Figure 5.22.
PLAIN CASE
HALF
SIDE GEAR
Figure 5.24
14.Place the plain half of the differential case over
the flange half and gears. Rotate the plain half
as needed to align the match marks. Figure
5.24 and Figure 5.25.
SIDE GEAR
THRUST WASHER
FLANGE CASE HALF
PLAIN CASE
HALF
Figure 5.22
MATCH MARKS
12.Install the spider or cross, differential pinions
and thrust washers into the flange case half.
Figure 5.23.
NOTE: is recommended that all parts are reassembled in the same position they were
prior to disassembly
SPIDER,PINION AND
THRUST WASHERS
Figure 5.25
15.Install Dri-Loc® or equivalent fasteners into
the case halves. See Section 4.
Figure 5.23
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
51
Assembly and Installation
A. Install four capscrews and washers or bolts,
nuts and washers into the case halves. The
distance between the fasteners must be
equal. Tighten the fasteners to the correct
torque value in a crisscross pattern opposite
each other. See the Section 8. Figure 5.26.
CRISSCROSS TIGHTENING PATTERN
2. Place the case halves ensembly and ring gear
into a vise. Install soft metal covers over the
vise jaws to protect the ring gear. Figure 5.28.
TOOL FOR CHECKING
RESISTANCE
SOFT METAL
COVER
Figure 5.28
Figure 5.26
B.Install the other fasteners into the case
halves. Tighten the fasteners to the correct
torque value. See Section 8.
16.Check the rotating resistance of the differential gears. The differential assembly must
rotate freely.
3.Install the tool into the differential until the
splines of the tool are engaged with one side
gear. Figure 5.28.
4.Place a torque wrench onto the nut of the tool
and rotate the differential gears. As the differential gears rotate, read the value indicated
on the torque wrench. Figure 5.29..
• If the torque value exceeds 50 lb-ft (67.8
N.m), disassemble the gears from the case
halves. Inspect the case halves, spider,
gears and thrust washers. Repair or replace
parts. Assemble the parts and repeat Step 2
through Step 4.
Check the Rotating Resistance of the
Bearing of Case Halves Assembly
1. Make an inspection tool using an axle shaft
that matches the spline size of the differential side gear. Cut the shaft to approximately
12-inches (304.8 mm). Weld a nut onto the
end of the shaft. Figure 5.27.
APPROXIMATELY
12” (304,8 mm)
SIDE VIEW
END VIEW
WELD NUT TO END OF
SHAFT
READ TORQUE VALUE
Figure 5.29
Figure 5.27
52
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
Installation Case Halves and Ring Gear
In the Differential
ADHESIVE
1.If the bearing cones on the main differential
case were removed, install a new cone and cap
in a fully-matched set from the same manufacturer. The bearing cones are not interchangeable. Use a press and sleeve to install the
cones in the case. Press only on the inner race
of the bearing. Figure 5.30.
DIFFERENTIAL
CASE
PRESS
BEARING CONE
BEARING CAP
Figure 5.31
SLEEVE
BEARING CUP
BEARING CUP
CASES HALVES
Figure 5.30
2.Clean and dry the bearing caps and bores of
the differential legs and bearing caps.
3.Apply axle lubricant to the bearing caps
and cones.
4.Apply adhesive 2297-T-418, evenly in the bearing bores and bearing caps of the legs the differential case. Cover the surfaces completely.
The adhesive must not contact the adjusting
ring threads. Figure 5.31. See the Section 4.
5.Install the bearing caps over the bearing cones
in the case halves. Figure 5.32.
6.Safely lift the differential and ring gear assembly and install it inferential case. The bearing
caps must be flat against the bores between
the differential legs. Figure 5.32.
Figure 5.32
7.Install the bearing adjusting rings between the
differential legs. Hand-tighten the adjusting
rings against the bearing caps. Figure 5.33.
ADJUSTING
RING
LEG
Figure 5.33
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
53
Assembly and Installation
CAUTION
The bearing caps must be correctly installed or the adjusting rings
will be damaged by cross-threading. Forcing the caps into position
can damage the caps and the differential case.
8.Install the bearing caps over the bearings and
adjusting rings in the correct location as marked
before removal. Figure5.34
BEARING CAP
• If the bearing caps do not correctly fit in the
position, check the alignment of the match
marks between the caps and differential
case. Remove the caps and repeat Step 7
through Step 9.
10.
Install the capscrews and washers that
secure the bearing caps to the differential
case . Hand-tighten the capscrews 4 our to
6 turns. Then tighten the capscrews to the
correct torque value. See the Section 8. Do
not install the capscrews, cotter pins or roll
pins, if equipped, that secure the bearing adjusting rings in position. Continue by adjusting
the preload of the differential bearings, adjust
the backlash of the hypoid gear and inspect
the tooth contact patterns.
MATCH MARKS
Figure 5.34
WARNING
Use a brass or plastic mallet for assembly and
disassembly procedures. Do not hit steel parts
with a steel hammer. Serious personal injury
and damage to components can result.
CAUTION
If bearing caps are not installed
correctly in the original differential case locations, the bores and
threads in the caps will not match
the differential case. Forcing the
bearing caps into the incorrect position will result in damage to the
differential case.
9.Use a light leather plastic or rubber mallet to
seat each bearing cap. The caps must fit easily against the bearings, adjusting rings and
differential case. Do not force the bearing
caps into position.
54
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
Adjustment Main Differential Case Bearings Preload
T-BAR
WRENCH
Use either the dial indicator or the large micrometer method to inspect and adjust the main
differential side bearings preload.
NOTE:
The roll pins for the adjusting rings are installed after the tooth contact pattern is
checked.
Dial Indicator Method
1.Attach a dial indicator in the differential case
mounting flange so that the plunger or the
pointer is against the back surface of the ring
gear. Figure 5.35.
DIAL INDICATOR
Figure 5.35
CAUTION
When you turn the adjusting rings,
always use a tool that engages two
or more opposite notches in the
ring. A T-bar wrench can be used for
this purpose. If the tool does not
correctly fit into the notches, damage to the lugs will occur.
NOTE:
On 160 Series differentials, half of the bearing assembly extends out of the bearing
cap and differential case.
2.Use a T-bar wrench to loosen the adjusting
ring that is opposite the ring gear. A small
amount of clearancewill show on the dial
indicator. Figure 5.36.
ADJUSTING RING OPPOSITE
RING GEAR
Figure 5.36
3.Use one of the following methods to move the
main differential case and the ring gear carefully to the left and right while you read the dial
indicator.
A.Insert two pry bars between the bearing adjusting rings and the ends of the main differential case. The pry bars must not touch the
main differential case bearings. Figure 5.37.
B.Insert two pry bars between the main differential
case and the ring gear at locations other than
described in Step A. The pry bars must not touch
the main differential bearings. Figure 5.38.
4.Tighten the bearing adjusting ring until the dial
indicator reads ZERO end play. Move the main
differential case and ring gear to the left and
right as needed. If necessary, repeat Step A or
Step B.
5.Tighten each bearing adjusting ring one notch
from ZERO. The side bearings of the main differential case should have a preload of 15-35lbin (1.7-3.9N m). Figure5.39.
This procedure should expand the caps 0.0080.010-inch (0.203-0.254 mm), and place the
correct preload on the bearings when they are
installed into the banjo housing.
BARS MUST NOT
TOUCH BEARING
Figure 5.37
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
55
Assembly and Installation
MICROMETER
BARS MUST NOT
TOUCH BEARING
Figure 5.38
Figure 5.41
KEY “T”
CAUTION
SQUEEZE EACH
RING IN A GROOVE
Figure 5.39
6.Proceed to check ring gear runout.
Large Micrometer Method
1.Hand-tighten the adjusting rings against the
main differential bearings.
2.Use a large micrometer to measure distance
X and Y between the opposite surfaces of the
bearing caps. Record the measurement. Figure 5.40 and Figure 5.41.
When turning the adjusting rings,
always use a tool that engages two
or more opposite notches in the
ring. A T-bar wrench can be used for
this purpose. If the tool does not
correctly fit into the notches, damage to the lugs will occur.
3.Use a T-bar wrench to tighten each bearing adjusting ring one notch. Figure5.36.
4.Measure distance X and Y again. Compare
the measurements with the distances X and Y
measured in Step 2. The difference between
the two distances is the amount the bearing
caps have expanded. See the Table H.
Table H: Example
Distances X and Y BEFORE
tightening the adjusting rings
Distances X and Y AFTER
tightening the adjusting rings
= 389 mm (15.315”)
= 389 mm (15.315”)
15.324” – 15.315” = 0.009” difference
389.230 mm – 389.000 mm = 0.230 mm difference
Figure 5.40
56
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
5.If the difference is at or within the specification
in Table I: Continue by checking the runout.
• If the difference is less than the specification:
Repeat as needed.
Table I: Expansion Between Bearing Caps
Differential models RS-140,
RS-145 e RS-160
RS 120 and all other differential models
0.050-0.229 mm
(0,002-0,009”)
0.15-0.33 mm
(0,006-0,013”)
• If the ring gear runout exceeds the specification, remove the main differential case and
ring gear assembly from the differential case.
See the Section 3.
A. Inspect the main differential case parts, including the differential case, for wear and
damage. Repair or replace parts as necessary.
B. Install the main differential case and ring
gear assembly into the differential case.
See the procedure in this section.
C. Repeat the procedure for preload adjustment of the main differential side bearings.
Check the Ring Gear Backlash
Table J: Specifications
Ring Gear Runout
1.Attach a dial indicator in the differential case
mounting flange. Figure 5.42.
ROTATE RIG GEAR
Ring Gear Pitch
Diameter
Range of Backlash
Setting
Less than 17-inches (431.8mm)
(0,008 - 0,018”)
Greater
than
1 7 - i n c h e s
(431.8mm)
0,010 - 0,020”)
0.20-0.46 mm
(0.25-0.51 mm
Backlash Setting
for New Gear
Sets
0,30 mm (0,012”)
0,38 mm (0,015”)
Measure the outer diameter of the ring gear for
the approximate pitch diameter. Figure 5.43.
• If the old gear set is installed, adjust the backlash to the setting that was measured before
the differential was disassembled.
• If a new gear set is installed, adjust the backlash to the correct specification for new gear
sets.
DIAL INDICATOR
Figure 5.42
2.Adjust the dial indicator so that the plunger
or pointer is against the back surface of the
ring gear. Figure 5.42. Set the dial indicator to
ZERO.
3.Rotate the main differential case and ring gear.
Read the dial indicator. The ring gear runout
must not exceed 0.008-inch (0.200 mm).
• If the ring gear runout is within the specification, proceed to Ring Gear Backlash.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
57
Assembly and Installation
• To increase the backlash, move the ring gear
away from the drive pinion. Figure 5.45.
• To decrease the backlash, move the ring gear
toward the drive pinion. Figure 5.46.
MEASURE OUTER DIAMETER FOR APPROXIMATE
PITCH DIAMETER
TIGHTEN ADJUSTING
RING THIS SIDE
Figure 5.43
After checking the tooth contact patterns, the
backlash can be adjusted within the specification limits, if needed. To change the location of
the pattern, use the following procedures.
1.Attach a dial indicator onto the differential
mounting flange. Figure 5.44.
LOOSEN ADJUSTING
RING THIS SIDE
INCREASE BACKLASH
Figure 5.45
DECREASE BACKLASH
LOOSEN ADJUSTING
RING THIS SIDE
TIGHTEN ADJUSTING
RING THIS SIDE
Figure 5.46
Figure 5.44
2.Adjust the dial indicator so that the plunger is
against the tooth surface.
3.Adjust the dial indicator to ZERO. Hold the drive
pinion in position.
4.After reading the dial indicator, rotate the differential case and ring gear a small amount in
both directions against the drive pinion teeth.
• If the backlash reading is within the specification, check the tooth contact patterns.
• If the backlash reading is not within the specification, adjust the backlash as needed.
5.Loosen one bearing adjusting ring one notch.
Tighten the opposite ring by the same amount..
58
NOTE:
When you adjust the backlash, only move
the ring gear. Do not move the drive pinion.
6.Repeat Step 2 through Step 5 until the backlash is within specification. Record the setting
for use when you adjust the pinion bearing preload.
Gear Set Tooth Contact Patterns,
Backlash
Meritor’s differential can have a conventional
or a generoid hypoid gear set. The tooth contact patterns for each type of gear set are different. Check the part numbers to determine
what type of gear set is in the differential. See
the Figure 5.47 for the location of part numbers.
See the Section 4.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
PART
NUMBER
PART
NUMBER
PART NUMBER
OPTION
Figure 5.47
Examples
The following are part numbers for generoid
gear sets.
• 36786-K or 36786-K2 for the ring gear
• 36787-K or 36787-K2 for the drive pinion
In the following procedures, movement of the
contact pattern along the length of the tooth is
indicated as toward the heel or toe of the ring
gear. Figure 5.48.
TALÓN
DRIVE SIDE
CONVEX
Figure 5.49
1.Adjust the backlash of a new gear set to either
0.012-inch (0.305 mm) or 0.015-inch (0.380
mm) depending on the size of the ring gear. Adjust the backlash of an old gear set to the setting that was measured before the differential
was disassembled. See the procedure in this
section.
2.Apply a marking compound in approximately
12 gear teeth of the ring gear. Rotate the ring
gear so that the 12 gear teeth are next to the
drive pinion. Figure 5.50.
TIP
Figure 5.48
Always check the tooth contact patterns on the
drive side of the gear teeth. Figure 5.49.
Figure 5.50
3.Rotate the ring gear forward and backward
so that the 12 gear teeth go past the drive
pinion six times to get the contact pattern.
Repeat, if needed, to get a more clear pattern
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
59
Assembly and Installation
4.Look at the contact patterns on the ring gear
teeth. Compare the patterns to Figure 5.51,
Figure 5.52 and Figure 5.53.
The location of a good hand-rolled contact pattern for a new gear set is toward the toe of the
gear tooth and in the center between the top
and bottom of the tooth
When the differential is operated, a good pattern will extend approximately the full length of
the gear tooth. The top of the pattern will be
near the top of the gear tooth. Figure5.54.
The location of a good hand-rolled contact pattern for an old gear set must match the wear
pattern in the ring gear. The new contact pattern will be smaller in area than the old wear
pattern.
A high contact pattern indicates that the drive
pinion was not installed deep enough. A low
contact pattern indicates that the drive pinion
was installed too deep in the differential case.
• If the contact pattern requires adjustment,
continue by following Step 5 to move the contact patterns between the top and bottom of
the gear teeth.
• If the contact patterns are in the center of the
gear teeth: Continue by following Step 6.
Figure 5.51
GOOD HAND-ROLLED POSITION
Figure 5.52
HIGH PATTERN
Figure 5.53
LOW PATTERN
GOOD PATTERN IN OPERATION
Figure5.54
60
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
5. Change the thickness of the shim pack between the pinion inner bearing cap and the
differential case to move the contact patterns between the top and the bottom of the
gear teeth.
A. Remove the drive pinion, inner bearing cap
and shims from the differential case. See
the Section 3.
• To correct a high-contact pattern: Increase
the thickness of the shim pack. When you
increase the thickness of the shim pack, the
drive pinion will move toward the ring gear.
Figure 5.55.
• To correct a low contact pattern: Decrease
the thickness of the shim pack. When you
decrease the thickness of the shim, the drive
pinion will move away from the ring gear. Figure 5.56.
B. Install the inner bearing cap, the shims and
the drive pinion in the differential case. See
the procedure in this section.
C. Repeat Step 2 through Step 5 until the contact patterns are in the center between the
top and bottom of the gear teeth.
6.Adjust the ring gear backlash within the specification range to move the contact patterns
to the correct location along the length of the
gear teeth. See the procedure in this section.
A. Decrease the backlash to move the contact
patterns toward the toe of the ring gear teeth.
Figure 5.57.
B. Increase the backlash to move the contact
patterns toward the heel of the ring gear
teeth. Figure 5.58.
C. Repeat Step 2 through Step 4 and Step 6
until the contact patterns are at the correct
location along the length of the gear teeth.
DECREASE BACKLASH
MOVE PATTERN TOWARD
TOE,LOOSEN ADJUSTING
THIS SIDE
TIGHTEN ADJUSTING
RING THIS SIDE
Figure 5.57
MOVE PATTERN TOWARD
TOE,TIGHTEN ADJUSTING
THIS SIDE
INCREASE SHIM PACK
Figure 5.55
LOOSEN ADJUSTING
RING THIS SIDE
INCREASE BACKLASH
Figure 5.58
DECREASE SHIM PACK
Figure 5.56
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
61
Assembly and Installation
If the differential has cotter pins or capscrews, lock the adjusting rings only with
cotter pins or capscrews. If the differential
has roll pins, reuse the roll pins. Do not
force a roll pin into a cotter pin hole. Damage to components can result.
7. Install the capscrews, cotter pins, roll pins
or lock plates, if equipped, that hold the two
bearing adjusting rings in position. Use the
following procedures.
A. Install capscrews between the lugs of the adjusting ring and through the boss of the bearing cap. New capscrews include a locking
patch, which can only be used once. If you
are installing used capscrews, apply Loctite® threadlocker to the capscrew threads
before install the capscrews. Figure 5.59.
B. Install cotter pins between the lugs of the
adjusting ring and through the boss of the
bearing cap. Bend the two ends of the cotter pin around the boss. Figure 5.59.
C. Use a drift and hammer to install the roll pin
through the boss of the bearing cap until the
roll pin is between the lugs of the adjusting
ring. Figure 5.59.
D. Install the lock plate in the bearing cap so
that the tab is between the lugs of the adjusting ring. Install the two capscrews and
washers that hold the lock plate to the bearing cap. Tighten the capscrews to the correct
torque value. See the Section 8. Figure 5.59.
Adjusting Ring Gear Thrust Screw
1.Rotate the differential assembly in the repair
stand until the back surface of the ring gear is
toward the DOWN.
2.Install the jam nut in the thrust screw. Thread
the jam nut to the middle of the thrust screw.
Figure 5.60.
REAR DIFFERENTIAL EXAMPLE
THRUST SCREW
AND JAM NUT
Figure 5.60
3.Install the thrust screw in the ring gear. Use a
feeler gauge to verify that the clearance between the thrust screw and the ring gear is
0.025-0.045-inch (0.65-1.14 mm).
4.Loosen the thrust screw one-half turn or 180
degrees. Figure 5.61.
REAR DIFFERENTIAL EXAMPLE
CAPSCREW
COTTER
PIN
LOOSEN THRUST
SCREW 1/2 TURN
ROLL PIN
LOCK PLATE
THREADED HOLES
IN CAP WHEN LOCK
PLATE IS USED
Figure 5.61
Figure 5.59
62
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
5.Tighten the jam nut, if equipped, to the correct torque value against the differential case.
See the Section 8. Figure 5.62.
To complete the assembly of axles equipped
with driver-controlled main differential locks,
see the Section 6.
REAR DIFFERENTIAL EXAMPLE
TIGHTEN JAM NUT TO
CORRECT TORQUE
VALVE.
HOLD THRUST
SCREW IN POSITION.
Figure 5.62
Air Shift Unit for the Inter-Axle Differential Lock (IAD)
Air Applied and Spring Release Models,
Standard
1.Inspect the shift shaft for damage. Use an emery cloth to remove any small damage. If necessary, replace the shift shaft. Figure 5.63.
CAPSCREW
JAM NUT
ADJUSTIG BOLT
BOLT-ON IAD
COVER
SHIFT SHAFT
SPRING
COLLAR
O-RING
4.If removed, install the O-ring onto the piston.
Apply axle lubricant to the O-ring.
5.Install the piston in the shift shaft.
WARNING
When you apply some silicone gasket materials, a small amount of acid vapor is present.
To prevent serious personal injury, ensure
that the work area is well-ventilated. Read the
manufacturer’s instructions before using a silicone gasket material, then carefully follow the
instructions. If a silicone gasket material gets
into your eyes, follow the manufacturer’s emergency procedures. Have your eyes checked by
a physician as soon as possible.
6.On flange-type cylinders, apply silicone gasket material onto the mounting surface of the
cylinder.
On threaded cylinders, apply a continuous
0.06-inch (1.5 mm) diameter bead of a flange
sealant, Meritor part number 2297-D-7076,
around the cylinder thread circumference.
7.Install the cylinder. On flange-type cylinders,
install and tighten the capscrews 7-12 lb-ft
(10-16 N.m).
NOTE:
The adjusting screw is set to the specified
distance after the input shaft assembly is
installed. El tornillo de ajuste debe ser montado con la distancia especificada después
del eje del mecanismo de bloqueo estar instalado.
8.Install the adjusting bolt and the jam nut.
Spring Applied and Air Release Models (Reverse Shift Systems)
1.Lubricate all the parts with axle lubricant.
Figure 5.64.
PISTON
SCREW-IN IAD
COVER
BOLT-ON IAD REVERSE SHFTER
O-RING
FORK
Figure 5.63
2Place the spring and the shift fork into position in the differential. The spring must touch
the screw side of the differential. The boss on
the fork must be toward the adjusting bolt.
3.Install the shift shaft so the smaller part of the
shaft goes through the fork and the spring.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
“E” CLIP SLOT
SHIFT
CYLINDER
SPRING
COVER
SHIFT
SHAFT
O-RING
O-RING
“E” CLIP
REMOVED
SMALL
SNAP RING
PISTON
63
Assembly and Installation
2. Inspect the shift shaft for damage. If necessary, replace the shift shaft.
3. If removed, install new O-rings in the
groove in the shift shaft, into the groove in
the shift cylinder and onto the piston.
4. Lubricate the bore of the shift cylinder with
axle lubricant.
5. Install the piston in the shift cylinder.
6. Insert the shift shaft in the piston and
shift cylinder assembly.
7. Install the small snap ring that fastens the
piston in the shift shaft.
8. Install the spring in the piston bore.
9. Install the gasket so that the tab on the
gasket is under the right capscrew bore.
10.Place the shift cover in the shift cylinder
housing. Install two capscrews and washers to fasten the shift cover to the cylinder.
11.Install the assembly into the differential so that
the shift shaft is in the bore of the shift fork.
12.Install the “E” clip onto the shift shaft slot in
front of the shift fork.
13.Install the capscrews and washers that fasten
the assembly to the differential case. Tighten
the capscrews to 7-12 lb-ft (10-16 N.m).
NOTE:
The adjusting screw is set to the specified
distance after the input shaft assembly is
installed.
14.Install the adjusting bolt and jam nut.
Assembly Input Shaft, Bearing Cage,
Oil Pump and Inter-Axle Differential.
1. Apply axle lubricant to the parts as they are
being assembled. Figure5.65.
1 -PRESSURE
RELIEF
VALVE ASSEMBLY
2 -OIL SEAL
3 -BEARING CAGE
4 -O-RING
5 -BEARING CP
6 -BEARING CONE
7 -O-RING
8-
OIL BAFFLE - UNITS
WITHOUT OIL PUMP
9 -WASHER
10-CAPSCREW
11-OIL PUMP - UNITS WITH
OIL PUMP
12-INPUT SHAFT
13-THRUST WASHER
14-HELICAL DRIVE GEAR
15-INTE-AXLE DIFFERENTIAL
16-SNAP RING
Figure 5.65
2.If removed, install the bearing cap in the input
bearing cage. Use a press and a sleeve to
install the cap into the cage. The cap is correctly installed when the bottom of the cap is
fully seated in the cage bore
3.If removed, install a new oil seal into the input
bearing cage.
• For unitized pinion seals, look the unitized
pinion seal installation procedure in this section and then proceed to Step 4. Figure5.66.
• For all other seals, look the following instructions.
INTEGRATED
SEAL
RIPLE-LIP SEAL
WITHOUT POSE
FEATURE
TRIPLE-LIP SEAL WITH
POSE FEATURE
Figure 5.66
64
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
A.Apply axle lubricant to the inner bore of the
bearing cage or the outer diameter of the new
oil seal.
CAUTION
Hold the seal only on the outer diameter. Do not touch the lips in the
inner diameter of the seal. If you
touch the lips on the inner diameter
of the seal, you will contaminate the
lips and could cause a leak between
the shaft and the seal.
B. Place the oil seal into the bearing cage so
that the flange is parallel to the top of the
cage.
C. Use a press and driver or flat metal plate
to install the oil seal into the bearing cage.
Figure 5.67.
MEASURING SEAL GAP
0.015-0.03”
(0.381-0.762 MM)
Figure 5.68
NOTE: If you replace either the bearing
cap or cone, replace both parts in a fullymatched set from the same manufacturer.
4. On differential assembly that do not use an
oil pump, install the input bearing cage.
A. If removed, install the bearing cone in the
input shaft. Use a press and sleeve to install
the cone in the input shaft until it bottoms on
the shoulder of the shaft. Figure 5.69.
B. Install the O-ring onto the input bearing cage.
C. Place the cage over the input shaft so that
the cap in the cage is against the bearing
cone.
Figure 5.67
PRESS
CAUTION
Do not apply pressure after the
seal flange touches the top of the
cage or you will damage the cage.
D. Apply pressure until the metal flange of the
seal is seated to the top of the cage.
E.After the seal is installed, a gap of 0.0150.030-inch (0.381-0.762 mm) can exist between the flange and the cage. The gap is
a normal condition because of the flexible
coating on the flange of the seal. Use a feeler
gauge to measure the gap between the complete flange-to-cage area.
• If the gap varies more than 0.010-inch
(0.254 mm) between the highest and lowest measurement, remove and reseat the
seal. Figure 5.68.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
SLEEVE
BEARING
CONE
Figure 5.69
65
Assembly and Installation
CAUTION
On early design forward differential , verify that the drive flats in
the bore of the pump are aligned
with the flats on the input shaft.
If the flats are not aligned, the
pump will be damaged.
NOTE: If you replace either the bearing
cap or cone, replace both parts in a fullymatched set from the same manufacturer.
5.On differential that use an oil pump, install
the input bearing cage and oil pump.
A.Position the input shaft so that the threads
are toward you
• If dowel pins are used, install the oil pump
onto the input shaft so that the dowel pin hole
in the pump is toward the threads on the shaft.
• If a drive flat design pump is used, verify that the
drive flats in the bore of the pump are aligned
with the flats on the input shaft.
• If a spline design pump is used, verify that
the splines in the pump are aligned with the
splines on the shaft. Figure 5.70.
CAUTION
When the bearing cone and the oil
pumps are installed on the input
shaft, place supports under the input shaft. Do not place supports
under the oil pump. The oil pump will
be damaged if pressure is applied to
the body of the pump.
B. Place supports under the input shaft.
C. Use a press and a sleeve to install the bearing cone onto the input shaft. The cone is
correctly installed when the bottom of the
cone touches the shoulder on the shaft. Figure 5.71.
PRESS
SLEEVE
BEARING
CONE
OIL PUMP
Figure 5.71
D. If removed, install the pressure relief valve
assembly into the input bearing cage. Install
the relief valve, spring and plug in the bore.
Tighten the plug to 20-40 lb-ft (27-54 N.m).
Figure 5.72.
OIL PUMP
SPLINES
PLUG
SPRING
INPUT SHAFT
Figure 5.70
RELIEF VALVE
Figure 5.72
66
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
E. Install the input bearing cage over the input
shaft on the oil pump.
• If dowel pins are used, verify that the dowel
pins in the cage are aligned with the holes
in the oil pump.
F.Install the capscrews that fasten the oil
pump to the input bearing cage. Tighten the
.
capscrews to 22-23 lb-ft (30-31 N.m).
G. Install the O-rings onto the oil pump and input bearing cage.
6. Inspect the fork surface
• If you installed a unitized seal on the outp ut
bearing cage, look the procedure in this section, and then proceed to Step 7. Figure5.66.
• For all other seals, look the following instructions.
A. Inspect the fork for scratches, corrosion or a
wear track from the previous oil seal. Replace
the fork if any of these conditions exist.
B. Inspect the lead chamfer of the fork for nicks
and burrs which may damage the sealing tip
during installation.
C.Wipe clean the fork sealing surface and
face.
• If a POSE™ seal is used, install the seal 1/2inch (13 mm) in the fork hub. See to procedure in this section.
CAUTION
Use a press and a sleeve or installation tool to install the fork. Do
not use a hammer or mallet. Using
a hammer or mallet can damage
the bearings, fork or flange.
PRESS
SLEEVE
YOKE,SHOWN
INPUT
SHAFT
INPUT BEARING
CAGE
Figure 5.73
If a fork is removed after it has been partially or
fully installed, the unitized pinion seal will be damaged. Remove and discard the original unitized
pinion seal and replace it with a new one.
If a fork has been installed into the unitized pinion seal and then removed, the inner sleeve of
the seal will be damaged. Install a new seal.
8.Install the nut that fastens the fork or the
flange to the input shaft. Hand-tighten the
nut. Do not tighten the nut to the specified
torque until the bearing cage and pump assembly is installed in the housing.
9.Place the thrust washer into the pilot bore
on the end of the helical drive gear. The oil
groove in the thrust washer must face the input shaft flange. Install the helical drive gear
and the thrust washer onto the input shaft
so that the thrust washer is toward the input
bearing cage. Figure5.74.
7. Use a press and sleeve or an installation
tool to install the fork or the flange in the
input shaft. If a press and sleeve are used,
verify that the input shaft is well supported.
Figure 5.73.
THRUST
WASHER
Figure 5.74
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
67
Assembly and Installation
10.If disassembled, assemble the inter-axle
differential.
A. Apply axle lubricant to all of the inter-axle
differential parts.
B. Install the pinion gears and the thrust washers in the spider.
C. Place the spider and pinion assembly in
one of the case halves of the inter-axle
differential.
D. Install the remaining case half over the first
case half. Verify that the marks on each case
half are aligned.
E. Install four of the capscrews that fasten the
case halves together. Install the capscrews
so that the capscrews are the same distance
away from each other. Equally tighten the
capscrews to bring the case halves together.
F. Install the rest of the capscrews. Tighten
the capscrews to 45-55 lb-ft (60-75 Nm).
11.Install the inter-axle differential to the input shaft so that the teeth in the differential
case are away from the helical drive gear.
Install the snap ring that fastens the case to
the shaft. Figure 5.75.
INPUT SHAFT
SNAP RING
INTER-AXLE
DIFFERENTIAL
HEAD OF BOLTS FACING
DRIVE GEAR,EXCLUDES
WELDED CASES.
12.If removed, install the bearing cap for the
rear side gear into the differential case. Use
a press and a sleeve to install the cap into the
differential case. If a press is not available,
use a sleeve or a long, brass drift and a hammer to install the cap. The cap is correctly installed when the bottom of the cap is seated
against the bottom of the bore. Figure 5.76.
COVER REAR BEARING
PLANETARY GEAR
PLANETARY GEAR
REAR BEARING COVER
Figure 5.76
NOTE: If you replace either the bearing cap or
the cone, replace both parts in a fully-matched
set from the same manufacturer.
13.If removed, install the bearing cone onto the
rear side gear. Use a press and sleeve to
install the cone onto the gear. The cone is
correctly installed when the bottom of the
cone touches the shoulder on the side gear.
14.Install the oil filter assembly and plug in the
suction line in front of the differential. Tighten
the screen and plug assembly to 48 lb-ft (65
Nm). Figure 5.77.
HELICAL
DRIVE
GEAR
Figure 5.75
NOTE: If you replace either the bearing cap
or the cone, replace both parts in a fullymatched set from the same manufacturer.
Figure 5.77
68
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
NOTE: The shim pack under the input bearing cage is installed after the clearanceof
the input bearing is inspected and adjusted
1.Place the differential case in the repair stand
so that the ring gear is facing DOWN.
2 If necessary, place the clutch collar into the differential case so that the teeth on the outside
of the collar are toward the input fork. Install
the clutch collar in the shift fork so the tabs of
the fork fit in the slot of the clutch collar.
3.Install the rear side gear and bearing assembly through the clutch collar and into the
differential case. Figure 5.78.
5. Install the input shaft assembly into the differential case.
A. Connect a lifting device to the input fork. Lift
the input shaft assembly over the bore in
the differential case.
B. Lubricate the O-rings with axle oil.
C.On 160 Series differentials, rotate the inter-axle differential case so that one of the
notches on the case is aligned with the helical driven gear in the differential. Figure
5.80.
D. Lower the input shaft assembly into the differential case. Figure 5.81.
REAR SIDE
GEAR
INTER-AXLE
DIFFERENTIAL
CASE
NOTCHES ON CASE
MUST BE ALIGNED
OVER HELICAL
DRIVEN GEAR
HELICAL
DRIVEN
GEAR
Figure 5.78
4.Verify that the painted alignment marks on
the teeth of the helical gears are visible during the installation of the input shaft assembly. Figure 5.79.
Figure 5.80
MATCH
MARKS
Figure 5.81
Figure 5.79
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
69
Assembly and Installation
Inspection and Adjust the clearance of
the bearing assembly input shaft
1.Install the capscrews, but not the washers,
that fasten the input shaft bearing cage to
the differential case. Rotate the input shaft in
each direction to verify that the bearings are
correctly installed while you hand-tighten the
capscrews. Do not tighten the capscrews.
2.Use a feeler gauge to measure the gap between the input shaft bearing cage and the differential case. Inspect the gap at four equallyspaced places on the cage. Figure 5.82.
4. Build a shim pack. Use at least three shims
when you build a shim pack. Always place the
thickest shims in the middle of the shim pack.
5. Remove the capscrews that fasten the input
bearing cage to the differential case.
6. Install the shim pack.
A. Connect a lifting device to the input fork. Lift
the input shaft assembly until there is 0.250.50-inch (6-12 mm) between the bearing
cage and the differential case.
B. Install the shim pack under the input shaft
bearing cage. Verify that the hole pattern of
the shim pack matches the hole pattern of
the differential case. Figure 5.84.
C. Install the capscrews and washers that fasten
the input shaft bearing cage to differential case.
Verify that the capscrews are aligned with the
holes in the shim pack. Tighten the capscrews
so that the threads engage in the holes of the
differential caser.
D. Lower the input shaft assembly so that the
bearing cage and the shim pack are installed
against the differential case. Remove the
lifting device from the fork or flange.
E. Tighten the capscrews to 75-95 lb-ft (100-127
Nm) while rotating the input shaft in each direction to verify that the bearings are correctly
installed.
Figure 5.82
3. Add up the four measurements and determine the average gap between the bearing
cage and the differential case. Add 0.005inch (0.130 mm) to the average gap measurement to determine the size of the shim
pack between the bearing cage and the differential case. Figure 5.83.
INPUT
BEARING
CAGE
SHIM PACK CONTROLS CLEARANCE
OF INPUT BEARING
70
SHIMS
Figure 5.83
7. Place a holding tool in the input fork or flange
and tighten the nut to the specified torque. See
the Section 8.
8. Rotate the fork at least one full turn after you
tighten the fork nut to the correct torque specification to ensure that the seal seats correctly.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
9.Inspect the clearance operation of the input
shaft assembly.
A.Rotate the input shaft in each direction and
push the fork or flange toward the bearing
cage. This ensures that the input shaft assembly in differential.
B.Use a dial indicator with a magnetic base or
a clamp base to inspect the clearance of the
input bearing. Verify that the pointer of the dial
indicator is against the top of the input shaft.
Set the dial indicator to ZERO. Figure 5.85.
DIAL INDICATOR
11.On RT-145 differential that do not use an
oil pump, use the following procedure:
A. Remove the input shaft assembly from the
differential.
WARNING
Take care when you use Loctite® adhesive to
avoid serious personal injury. Read the manufacturer’s instructions before using this product.
Follow the instructions carefully to prevent irritation to the eyes and skin.
B. Spray Loctite® Primer N sealant on the bearing cage and differential cage faces around
the perimeter of the lube trough hole at the
two o’clock position. Figure 5.87. Allow the
primer to dry three to five minutes.
GUIDE STUD
LOCATIONS
LUBE TROUGH HOLE
PLATE
Figure 5.85
C.Use a pry bar and a support to push the fork or
the flange. Read the dial indicator. The reading
must be 0.002-0.008-inch (0.050-0.200 mm).
Figure 5.86.
• If the clearance of the input bearing is not
0.002-0.008-inch (0.050-0.200 mm), add or remove shims from the shim pack. Repeat Step
5 through Step 9.
10.Place the shield for the oil filter onto the bearing cage.
APPLY
LOCTITE® SEALANT HERE
Figure 5.87
C.Carefully apply Loctite 518 sealant to the
the bearing cage and differential cage faces
around the lube trough hole. Avoid allowing
any excess Loctite® sealant accumulation in
the bearing cage bore. Figure 5.87.
D. Use guide studs to install the input shaft and
bearing cage assembly with the appropriate
shim pack. Tighten the capscrews to 95 lb-ft
(128 N.m). .
E. Allow four hours for the Loctite® sealant to
cure before returning the vehicle to service.
Figure 5.86
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
71
Assembly and Installation
Installation Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock
See the Section 6 for installation procedures.
Installation of the output shaft and bearings.
1.
Apply axle lubricant to bearing caps and
cones. Figure 5.88.
3.Use a press and sleeve to install the inner
bearing cap into the bearing cage. Place the
output shaft and bearing assembly into the
cage.
4.Use a press and sleeve to install the outer bearing
cap into the cage over the output shaft. Figure.
SLEEVE
PRESS
BEARING
ASSEMBLIES
OUTPUT SHAFT
OUTER BEARING
CAP
RING
OUTER BEARING
CAP
OUTPUT
FORK
SPACER
CAGE
INNER BEARING CAP
Figure 5.90
OIL SEAL
Figure 5.88
NOTE: If you replace either the bearing cap
or the cone, replace both parts in a fullymatched set from the same manufacturer.
2.If the bearing cones were removed from the output shaft, install new bearing cones. Place both
cones back-to-back onto the output shaft. Use
a press and sleeve to install both cones. Apply pressure until the inner cone seats onto the
shoulder of the output shaft. Figure 5.89.
5.Install the snap ring that fastens the outer cap
in the cage. The snap ring controls the clearance of the output shaft bearing. Figure 5.91.
BEARING CAGE
SNAP RING
OUTPUT SHAFT
Top view
Figure 5.91
6.Install the snap ring or the fork and cone
spacer into the output shaft until the snap ring
touches the outer cone.
7.Inspect and adjust the clearance of the output shaft bearing.
SLEEVE
OUTPUT SHAFT
Figure 5.89
Figure 5.92
72
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
Inspection Adjust of the clearance of
the Output shaft Bearings
The clearance the output shaft bearing is controlled by the size of the snap ring that holds
the bearings in the bearing cage. The snap
rings are available in increments of 0.003-inch
(0.076 mm). Install the snap ring which results in
an clearance of 0.001-0.004-inch (0.025-0.102
mm).
1.Place the output shaft and the bearing cage
assembly into a vise with soft metal covers
on the jaws of the vise.
2.Use an installation tool to install the fork or
flange in the output shaft. Do not use the nut
to draw the fork in the output shaft. Do not
install the oil seal at this time.
3.Install the nut that fastens the fork or flange to
the output shaft. Place a holding tool on the fork
or flange and tighten the nut to the specified
torque. See the Section 8.
4.Push the fork or flange toward the cage and rotate the shaft in each direction to verify that the
bearings are correctly installed.
5.Install a dial indicator so that the base of the indicator is on the mounting flange of the cage.
The pointer of the indicator must touch the fork
or flange end of the output shaft. Set the dial indicator to ZERO. Figure 5.92.
6.Place pry bars under the fork or flange and
push the fork or flange away from the cage.
Record the reading on the dial indicator. The
reading must be 0.001-0.004-inch (0.0250.102 mm). The reading is the measurement
of the clearance on the output bearing.
• If the clearance reading is not 0.001-0.004inch (0.025-0.102 mm), remove and replace
the snap ring that fastens the bearings in the
cage. Install a thinner snap ring to increase
the clearance. Install a thicker snap ring to decrease the clearance. Figure 5.93.
7.Remove the nut that fastens the fork or flange
to the output shaft. Use the correct puller tool
to remove the fork.
OUTPUT BEARING END PLAY
SNAP RING
To increase the clearance, install a thinner snap ring.
To decrease the clearance, install a thicker snap ring.
Figure 5.93
Installation Unitized Pinion Seal
1.Remove the old seal. Do not damage the
bearing cage seal surface area. Do not touch
or allow dirt or grease to contaminate the
sealing surface areas or the adjacent bearings.
2.Inspect the bearing cage seal area for damage
that could cause lubricant leaks after you install
the seal. Use emery paper or an equivalent
product to remove scratches, nicks or burrs.
Figure 5.92
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
73
Assembly and Installation
CAUTION
CAUTION
Inspect the axle breather for contaminants, such as dirt, lubrication
or debris, which can cause pressure
to build inside the axle. Damage to
the seal and premature seal lip wear
can result. Remove the axle breather. Use a safe cleaning solvent to
clean the inside and outside of the
breather.
3.Inspect the axle breather for contaminants,
such as dirt, lubrication or debris.
• If you find contaminants in the axle breather,
remove the axle breather. Use a safe cleaning
solvent to clean the inside and outside of the
breather.
4.Remove the replacement unitized seal from
the package. Figure 5.94.
If a fork is removed after it has
been partially or fully installed,
the unitized pinion seal will be damaged. Remove and discard the original unitized pinion seal and replace
it with a new one.
If a fork has been installed into the unitized pinion seal and then removed, the inner sleeve of the
seal will be damaged. Install a new seal.
5.Select the correct seal driver from Table K.
Each seal driver is designed to correctly install
a specific diameter seal. To determine the fork
seal diameter, measure the fork journal. To obtain the Meritor seal driver KIT 4454, See thethe Service Notes page on the front inside cover
of this manual.
INTEGRATED
SEAL
Figure 5.94
Simple Models
Tandem Models
MX-21-160
RT-34-144/P
MX-23-160R
RT-34-145/P
RF-16-145
MT-40-143
RF-21-160
RT-40-145/A/P
RT-22-166
RT-40-149/A/P
RF-23-185
RT-44-145/P
RS-17-145
RT-40-160/A/P
RS-19-145
RT-46-169/A/P
RS-21-145
RT-46-160/A/P
RS-21-160
RT-46-169/A/P
RS-23-160/A
RT-46-16HEH/P
RS-23-161/A
RT-46-16HEH/P
RS-25-160/A
RT-50-160/P
RS-23-186
RT-52-160/P
RS-26-185
RT-58-1851
Meritor´s Unitized
seal
Local Installation Seal
Meritor´s
In- D i a m e t e r
stallation Tools
Seal - inch
A-1205-R-2592
Input of the previous differential. Tandem - 145
models - November 1993
to present.
R4422402
3.250
3.255
A-1205-P-2590
Output of the previous differential Tandem - Input
of the previous differential Tandem 145 models
before November 1993
with seal A-1205-F-2424.
R4422401
3.000
3.005
A-1205-N-2588
Sigle axis input and previous Tandem – 145 models
R4422401
3.000
3.005
A-1205-Q-2591
Sigle axis input and
previous Tandem
–
160/164/185 models
R4422402
3.250
3.255
RS-30-185
74
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
6.Position the installation tool and seal. Figure 5.95.
• If you use the R4422401 tool to install a forward tandem axle seal, the tool outer spokes
or fins must fit between the bearing cage
bolts. Ensure that the bolts on the bottom of
the bearing cage are not in the path of the
spokes.
• If the spokes contact the bearing cage bolts,
the will incorrectly install the seal in the bearing
cage seat and can also result in damage to the
tool. The reference mark on the driver tool must
be in the 12 o’clock or the 6 o’clock positions
when you install the new seal.
RUBBER MALLET
REFERENCE
MARK
The Seal must be
fully seated in the
bearing cage
INSTALLATION
TOOL R4422401
Figure 5.96
Position the seal
tool to prevent
the spokes from
hitting the screw
heads on the
forward tandem
output seals
SCREW
HEADS
INSTALATION
TOOL
TOOL R4422401
Figure 5.95
CAUTION
Use a rubber mallet to install the
seal. Do not use a steel, brass
or plastic hammer. Using a steel,
brass or plastic hammer can damage the seal and tool.
7.Use a rubber mallet to mount the seal in the
bearing cage. The seal must fully seat into or
against the bearing cage. Figure 5.96.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Cleaning and Inspection of the fork after
the installation of a sealant
WARNING
Solvent cleaners can be flammable, poisonous
and cause burns. Examples of solvent cleaners
are carbon tetrachloride, and emulsion type and
petroleum base cleaners. Read the manufacturer’s instructions before using a solvent cleaner,
then carefully follow the instructions. Also follow
the procedures below:
• Wear safe eye protection:
• Wear clothing that protects your skin.;
• Work in a well-ventilated area;
• Do not use gasoline, or solvents that contain
gasoline. Gasoline can explode.
• You must use hot solution tanks or alkaline
solutions correctly. Read the manufacturer’s
instructions before using hot solution tanks
and alkaline solutions. Then carefully follow
the instructions.
1.Use a clean shop towel and a safe cleaning
solvent to clean the ground and polished surface of the fork journal. Do not use gasoline,
abrasive cleaners, towels or scrubbers to
clean the fork. Do not attempt to polish the
fork.
75
Assembly and Installation
NOTE: The unitized seal features a rubber
inner sleeve that is designed to seal and rotate with the fork. This feature allows you to
reuse a fork with minor grooves.
2.Inspect the fork seal surface for grooves
• If you find grooves on the fork, use calibrators to measure the groove diameters. If any
groove diameter measures less than the dimensions shown in Figure 5.97, replace the
fork.
CAUTION
Do not install a POSE™ seal after
you install a unitized pinion seal. The
use of a POSE™ seal will prevent
correct seating of the unitized pinion seal on the fork and can result
in lubricant leakage at the seal.
POSE™ seal installation is recommended only for triple-lip and other
previous design seals.
Do not use thin metal wear sleeves to refresh
the fork surface. Wear sleeves pressed in the
fork can prevent correct seating of the pinion
seal, damage the pinion seal assembly and can
cause the seal to leak.
3.Before install the fork, lightly lubricate the
seal track in the fork of the joint with axle oil.
4.Align the fork splines with the shaft splines.
Slide the fork over the shaft spline.
SELLADOR DE PIÑÓN UNITIZADO
Figure 5.97
FORK SEAL
DIAMNETER
MINIMUN FORK DIAMETER AT GROOVE
76,200 / 76,327
75,946
82,550 / 82,677
82,296
A - MINIMUN GROOVE DEPTH DIAMETER
B - FORK SEAL DIAMETER
76
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
Tight Fit Forks and POSE™ Seal .
1.Apply axle lubricant to the hub of the fork or
flange. Figure 5.98.
LUBRICATE TRIPLE-LIP
OR MAIN SEAL
4.Before install the fork or flange in the shaft,
apply axle lubricant to the hub.
NOTE: The POSE™ seal will position itself
correctly as the fork or flange is pressed on
the shaft.
5.nstall the fork or flange using the correct procedure. The fork must be completely seated before you tighten the pinion nut to the input shaft.
INPUT SHAFT OR
PINON
Inspect the fork
and hub
POSE™ SEAL
0,25- 0,50” (6,4-12,7 mm)
ONTO HUB
Figure 5.98
2.Verify that the lips of the POSE™ seal and
the outer retainer of the triple-lip seal or main
seal are clean and free from dirt and particles
that may cause lubricant leakage between
the seals.
3.Install the POSE™ seal onto the hub of the fork
or flange by hand. The lips of the seal must
face toward the end of the hub, opposite shoulder. Slide the POSE™ seal onto the hub until
the lips are 0.25-0.50-inch (6.4-12.7 mm) from
the end of the hub. Do not install the POSE™
seal against the shoulder. Figure 5.99.
0,25 - 0,50
(6,4 - 12,7 mm)
FORK HUB
FACE SEAL ASSEMBLY
POSE™ SEAL ELEMENT
Figure 5.99
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
77
Assembly and Installation
Output Flange fork or Oil Sealer Box
Output Shaft Bearings.
PRESS
FLAT METAL
PLATE
CAUTION
Hold the seal only on the outer
diameter. Do not touch the lips in
the inner diameter of the seal. If
you touch the lips on the inner diameter of the seal, you will contaminate the lips and cause a leak
between the shaft and the seal.
Do not apply pressure after the flange of the
seal touches the top of the cage or you will
damage the seal.
1. Prepare the seal for installation.
A. Apply axle lubricant to the inner bore of the
output bearing cage or the outer diameter of
the new oil seal.
B. Place the oil seal into the cage so that the
flange is parallel to the top of the cage.
C. Use a press and sleeve, or a mallet and
sleeve, to install the seal into the cage. The
seal is correctly installed when the metal
flange of the seal seats on the top of the
cage. Figure 5.100.
NOTE: The gap cannot be measured in the
RT-40-145. The seal seats below the lip.
D. After the seal is installed, a gap of 0.0150.030-inch (0.381-0.762 mm) can exist
between the flange and the cage. The gap
is a normal condition because of the flexible coating on the flange of the seal. Use
a feeler gauge to measure the gap around
the complete flange-to-cage area.
•If the gap varies more than 0.010-inch (0.254
mm) between the highest and lowest measurement, remove and reseat the seal. Figure 5.101.
78
SLEEVE
OIL SEAL
BEARING
CAGE
Figure 5.100
MEASURING SEAL GAP
0,015 - 0,03™
(0,381 - 0,762)
Figure 5.101
2.Inspect the fork surface.
• If you installed a unitized pinion seal on the
output bearing cage, see the section 5 and
then proceed to Step 3.
• For all other seals, see to the instructions
below.
A. Inspect the fork surface for scratches, corrosion or a wear track from the previous oil
seal. Replace the fork if any of these conditions exist
B. Inspect the lead chamfer of the fork for nicks
and burrs which may damage the sealing lip
during installation. Use an emery cloth to repair nicks and burrs.
C.Wipe clean the fork sealing surface and
face.
D. Clean the splines in the fork or flange and
on the thru-shaft.
E. Apply axle lubricant to the splines in the fork
or flange and the thru-shaft.
• If a POSE™ seal is used, see the procedure in this section.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
Caution
Use a press and a sleeve or fork installation tool to install the fork.
Do not use a hammer or mallet. Using
a hammer or mallet can damage the
bearings, fork or flange.
If a fork is removed after it has been partially
or fully installed, the unitized pinion seal will
be damaged. Remove and discard the original
unitized pinion seal and replace it with a new
one.
If a fork has been installed into the unitized pinion
seal and then removed, the inner sleeve of the
seal will be damaged. Install a new seal.
3. Use a press and sleeve or an installation
tool to install the fork or flange in the output
shaft. Verify that the splines inside the fork
or flange are aligned with the splines on the
toutput shaft. If a press and sleeve are used,
verify that the output shaft is supported.
4. Install the nut that fastens the output fork or
flange to the output shaft. Place a holding tool
on the fork or flange and tighten the nut to the
specified torque. See the Section 8.
5. Rotate the fork at least one full turn after the fork nut is tightened to the correct
torque specification. This ensures correct
seating of the seal.
Differential Assembly of the Axle Housing
WARNING
Solvent cleaners can be flammable, poisonous
and cause burns. Examples of solvent cleaners
are carbon tetrachloride, and emulsion type and
petroleum base cleaners. Read the manufacturer’s instructions before using a solvent cleaner,
then carefully follow the instructions. Also follow
the procedures below:
• Wear safe eye protection.
• Wear clothing that protects your skin.
• Work in a well ventilated area.
• Do not use gasoline, or solvents that contain
gasoline. Gasoline can explode.
• You must use hot solution tanks or alkaline solutions correctly. Read the manufacturer’s instructions before using hot solution tanks and alkaline solutions. Then
carefully follow the instructions
1.Use a cleaning solvent and rags to clean the
inside of the axle housing and the differential
mounting surface. See the Section 4.
2.Inspect the axle housing for damage. Repair or
replace the axle housing. See the Section 4.
3.Check for loose studs, if equipped, in the
mounting surface of the housing where the
differential fastens. Remove and clean
the studs that are loose.
4.Install the studs in the axle housing. See the procedure in this section. Tighten the studs to 150.
230 lb-ft (203-312 Nem).
WARNING
When you apply some silicone gasket materials,
a small amount of acid vapor is present. To prevent serious personal injury, ensure that the work
area is well-ventilated. Read the manufacturer’s
instructions before using a silicone gasket material, then carefully follow the instructions. If a
silicone gasket material gets into your eyes, follow the manufacturer’s emergency procedures.
Have your eyes checked by a physician as soon
as possible.
CAUTION
Apply silicone gasket material in a
continuous 0.25-inch (6 mm) bead. If you
use more than this amount, gasket
material can break off and plug lubrication passages. Damage to components can result.
5.Apply a 0.25-inch (6 mm) continuous bead of
silicone gasket material to the mounting surface of the housing where the differential fastens. Figure 5.102.
0,25” (6MM) DIAMETER
SILICONE GASKET BEAD
Figure 5.102
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
79
Assembly and Installation
6.On an axle with a driver-controlled main differential lock, shift the lock into and hold the
lock in the locked or engaged position. The
locked position provides enough clearance
between the shift collar and the axle housing
for differential installation. See to Section 6.
7.Use a hydraulic roller jack or a lifting tool to install
the differential in the axle housing. Figure 5.103.
• For fasteners with Nord-Lock washers, install the washers with the radial teeth side
facing the differential. Figure 5.104.
10.Carefully push the differential in the position.
Alternately tighten the four fasteners two or
three turns. Figure 5.105.
RADIAL TEETH
SIDE
CAM SIDE
Figure 5.104
ROLLER JACK
FASTENER
Figure 5.103
WARNING
Take care when you use Loctite® adhesive to
avoid serious personal injury. Read the manufacturer’s instructions before using this product.
Follow the instructions carefully to prevent irritation to the eyes and skin.
8.Spray the capscrew threads with Loctite®
sealant. Allow the primer to dry for three to
five minutes.
CAUTION
Do not use a hammer or mallet to
install the differential. A hammer
or mallet will damage the mounting flange of the differential and
cause oil leaks.
NOTE: Nord-Lock washers are reusable, but
replace them if they are leaking
9.Install the nuts and washers or the capscrews
and washers in the four corner locations
around the differential and the axle housing.
Hand tighten the fasteners. Do not tighten to
the specified torque
80
FASTENER,HIDEN
FASTENER
Figure 5.105
11.Repeat Step 10 until the four fasteners are
tightened to the correct torque value.
• For fasteners with standard flat washers,
tighten the fasteners to 150-230 lb-ft (204.
312 Nm).
• For fasteners with Nord-Lock washers, tighten
the fasteners to 210 lb-ft (287 Nm). .
12.
Install the remaining fasteners and the
washers that hold the differential in the axle
housing. Tighten the fasteners to the correct torque value. See the Section 8.
13.Install the washers and tighten the capscrews
that fasten the output bearing cage to the axle
housing. Tighten the capscrews to 35-50 lb-ft
(48-67 Nm). .
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
14.Adjust the shift fork for the inter-axle differential lock. The movement of the shift fork
is controlled by the adjusting screw of the
locking mechanism.
A. Loosen the jam nut on the adjusting screw.
Loosen the adjusting screw so that the
screw does not touch the shift of the drive
mechanism. Figure 5.106.
LOOSEN THE JAM NUT AND
ADJUSTING SCREW.
TIGHTEN THE ADJUSTING
SCREW ONE TURN AFTER THE
SCREW TOUCHES THE END OF
THE SHOFT.
APPLY 60 PSI (413 kpa)
OF AIR PRESSURE
HERE.
SHIFT SHAFT
SHIFT SHAFT
Figure 5.106
B. Apply and hold 60 psi (413 kPa) of air pressure to the shift cylinder so that the shift collar engages the splines in the inter-axle differential case.
C. Verify that the adjusting screw does not
touch the shift shaft when the shift collar
engages the inter-axle differential case.
D. Tighten the adjusting screw until the tip of the
screw touches the end of the shift shaft. Release the air pressure
D. When the screw touches the shaft, tighten
the adjusting screw an additional one turn.
Apply air pressure, then tighten the jam nut.
Figure 5.107.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Figure 5.107
F. Disengage the inter-axle differential lock by
holding the input fork or flange and rotating
the output fork or flange. The output fork or
flange should rotate with less than 50 lb-ft
(67 Nm) of torque applied. .
G.Apply and hold 60 psi (413 kPa) of air
pressure to the shift cylinder mechanism
to verify that the shift collar engages the
splines in the inter-axle differential case.
When the input fork or flange is rotated,
the output fork or flange must rotate. Release the air pressure.
H. Apply a rust prevention oil, for example, as
Meritor part number 1199-U-1113 or equivalent to the inlet of the air cylinder.
15.Connect the vehicle driveshafts to the input and the thru forks or flanges.
16.Connect the air lines to the inter-axle differential air cylinder and, if used the main differential
lock cylinder.
17.On axles with a main differential lock, connect the electrical connector of the sensor
unit. Verify that the main differential lock
is disengaged.
81
Assembly and Installation
18.If removed, install the oil filter adapter of
the differential housing. Use Meritor adhesive number 2297-T-4180, or equivalent.
See the Section 4. Tighten the adapter to
.
40-60 lb-ft (55-80 Nm). Figure 5.108.
CAUTION
If the oil filter is tightened more
than 3/4 of a turn after it contacts
the differential, the oil filter will
be damaged and leak fluid. Damage
to components can result.
19.Apply axle lubricant to the gasket of the new
oil filter. Install the oil filter onto the adapter.
When the gasket on the filter contacts the
differential, tighten the oil filter an additional
3/4 of a turn. If necessary, use an oil filter
wrench to tighten the filter. Figure 5.108.
Take care when you use Loctite® adhesive to
avoid serious personal injury. Read the manufacturer’s instructions before using this product. Follow the instructions carefully to prevent irritation
to the eyes and skin.
Conical Washer, Flat Washer and Nut
1.Clean the mating surfaces of the axle shaft and
wheel hub.
2.If silicone gasket material is used, apply a
0.125-inch (3 mm) diameter bead of the gasket
material around the mating surface of the hub
and around the edge of each fastener hole.
3.Install the gaskets and axle shafts in the axle
housing in the differential. The gasket and
flange of the axle shafts must fit flat against the
wheel hub. Figure 5.109.
4.If the axle shaft hubs have conical hole studs,
install conical washer in the each stud and the
flange of the axle shaft. Figure 5.109.
OIL FILTER ADAPTER
CONICAL WASHER RETENTION
OIL FILTER
STUD NUT WASHER
CONICAL
WASHER
STUD
GASKET
Figure 5.108
CAPSCREW
WASHER
NON CONICAL WASHER
RETENTION
CAUTION
When you apply some silicone gasket materials, a small amount of acid vapor is present. To
prevent serious personal injury, ensure that the
work area is well-ventilated. Read the manufacturer’s instructions before using a silicone gasket
material, then carefully follow the instructions. If a
silicone gasket material gets into your eyes, follow the manufacturer’s emergency procedures.
Have your eyes checked by a physician as soon
as possible.
82
AXLE
SHAFT OR
FLANGE
SHAFT HUB
AXLE
Figure 5.109
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
5. If the axle shaft flange have cylindrical hole for
screw mounting, install the screws and washers in the holes. Figure 5.109. Tighten the
screws to the correct torque value. See the
Section 8.
6.Position the gasket between the output
shaft bearing cage and the axle housing.
7. Install the output shaft and bearing cage assembly in the axle housing. Rotate the output
shaft to align the splines with the splines of
the rear side gear.
8. Clean the cage to housing bearing screws.
Remove RTV residue from the thru-drilled
tapped holes.
9. Apply a 0.25-inch (6 mm) length bead
of Loctite 518 sealant in the thru-drilled
tapped holes located at the two, five and
eight o’clock positions. Figure 5.110.
10.Install the gasket and axle shaft in the housing.
The gasket and flange of the axle shaft must fit
flat against the wheel hub. Figure 5.109.
11.Install conical washer and nut over each stud
and the flange of the axle shaft. Use a punch
or a drift and hammer, if necessary.
12.Install the grade 8 nuts and washers in the
stud. Lock washers are an acceptable alternative. Tighten the stud nuts to the torque
specified in Table L.
13.Fill the axle with the specified lubricant. See
the procedure in this section.
AXLE
HOUSING
TAPPED
HOLE
BLIND
TAPPED
HOLE
OUTPUT SHAFT
BEARING CAGE
FORK
THRU-DRILED
TAPPED HOLE
THRU-DRILED
TAPPED HOLE
CAPSCREW
Figure 5.110
Table L: Shaft-to-Hub Torque Fastener Chart — Conical washers Applications
Torque Value - Grade 8 Nuts lb-ft (Nm)
Fastner
Thread Size
Porca do Prisioneiro ou 0,44 - 20
Semi-Eixo
0,50 - 20
Studs
Plain Nut
LOCKNUT
68-102 (50-75)
54-88 (40-65)
102-156 (75-115)
88-136 (65-100)
0,56 - 18
150-224 (110-145)
136-197 (100-145)
0,62 - 18
204-312 (150-230)
176-258 (130-190)
ALL
Install the coarse thread end of the stud in the hub and
tighten to the last thread.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
83
Assembly and Installation
Cylindrical Holes, Nuts and Washers
1.Clean the mounting surfaces of the axle shaft
and wheel hub.
2.If silicone gasket material is used, apply a 0.125inch (3 mm) diameter bead of the gasket material around the mounting surface of the hub and
around the edge of each fastener hole.
3.Install the gaskets and axle shafts in the axle
housing and differential. The gasket and flange
of the axle shafts must fit flat against the wheel
hub. Figure 5.109.
4.If the wheel hubs have tapered hole studs,
install solid tapered washers in each stud and
in the flange of the axle shaft. Figure 5.109.
5.If the wheel hubs have cylindrical holes capscrew, install the capscrews washers. Tighten the correct torque value. See the Section
8.
6.Position the gasket between the bearing cage of
the output axle and housing axle.
7.Install the output axle and bearing cage assembly in the axle housing. Rotate the output axle to align the splines of the output axle
splines of the rear side gear.
8.Clean the bearing cage to housing capscrews. Remove RTV residue from the thrudrilled tapped holes.
9.
Apply a 0.25-inch (6 mm) length bead
of Loctite 518 sealant in the thru-drilled
tapped holes located at the two, five and
eight o’clock positions. Figure 5.111.
84
AXLE
HOUSING
THRUDRILED
TAPPED
HOLE
TAPPED
HOLE
OUTPUT AXLE
BEARING CAGE
BLIND
TAPPED
HOLE
FORK
CAPSCREW
THRU-DRILED
TAPPED HOLE
Figure 5.111
10.Install the gasket and axle shaft in the housing.
The gasket and flange of the axle shaft must fit
flat against the wheel hub. Figure 5.109.
11.Install the Grade 8 nuts and washers on the
stud. Lock washers are an acceptable alternative. Tighten the stud nuts to the torque
specified in Table M.
12.Fill the axle with the specified lubricant. See
the procedure in this section.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Assembly and Installation
Table M: Shaft-to-Hub Torque Fastener Chart — Tapered Washer Applications
Torque Value - Grade 8 Nuts lb-ft (Nm)
Fastener
Thread Size
Tuerca del Espárrago o 0,62 - 18
Semieje
0,75 - 16
STUDS
Plain Nut
LOCKNUT
203-312 (150-230)
176-258 (130-190)
420-542 (310-400)
366-475 (270-350)
Install the coarse thread end of the stud He hub and
thighten to the last thread
ALL
Fill the Axle with Lubricant
NOTE: For additional lubrication information,
See the Maintenance Manual 1, Lubrication. To
obtain this publication, See the Service Notes
page on the front inside cover of this manual.
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface. When the
angle of the drive pinion changes, the lubricant
capacity of the axle will change.
2. Remove the fill plug from the side of the bowl
cover of the axle housing. Figure 5.112.
3.Fill the axle with lubricant until the lubricant
level is to the bottom of the fill plug hole. See
the Section 7.
4.Install the fill plug. Tighten the fill plug to 35 lbft (47 Nm). When correctly installed, one complete thread of the fill plug is visible between
the housing and plug head.
5.Road test the vehicle in an unloaded condition for one to two miles (1.6-3.2 km) at
speeds not more than 25 mph (40 kmh). Recheck the lubricant levels and all the fasteners.
6.If used, inspect the operation of the driver-controlled main differential lock. See the Section 6.
FILL PLUG LOCATION IN BACK OF AXLE
HOUSING BOWL
FILL PLUG
TEMPERATURE INDICATOR PLUG - DO
NOT REMOVE
Figure 5.112
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
85
Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock
Hazard Alert Messages
Read and observe all Warning and Caution
hazard alert messages in this publication. They
provide information that can help prevent serious personal injury, damage to components, or
both.
WARNING
To prevent serious eye injury, always wear
safe eye protection when you perform vehicle maintenance or service.
Description
Some Meritor drive axle models have a drivercontrolled main differential lock (DCDL). This
differential lock is operated by a differential
mounted, air actuated shift unit. When activated, the shift unit moves a sliding collar which is
installed on the splines of the axle shaft. When
engaged, the collar locks the axle shaft to a
second set of splines on the differential case.
Both driven wheels are then simultaneously engaged. Figure 6.1.
SHIFT COLLAR
SHIFT PORK
SENSOR
PISTON
CYLINDER
SPRING
SHIFT SHAFT
O-RING
CAPSCREW MANUAL ENGAGING
Figure 6.1
86
NOTE:
Meritor differential models with driver-controlled differential lock equipment are manufactured in metric dimensions and sizes.
When these differential are serviced, it is important to use the correct metric size tools on
the fasteners. See the Section 8.
Removal Differential Differential from
the Axle Housing
Before the differential can be removed or installed, the differential lock must be shifted
into and held in the locked or engaged position. The locked position gives enough clearance between the shift collar and the axle
housing to permit the removal or installation
of the differential.
NOTE:
If the axle shafts were removed for or towing
with the differential in the unlocked or disengaged position, Install the left hand axle
shaft into the housing before continuing.
Perform the following steps for reinstalling
the axle shafts into the axle housing.
1.Remove the protective covers, if used, from
the wheel hubs.
2.If the drive axles are equipped with a main
differential lock, shift the differential to the
unlocked or disengaged position. Install the
axle shafts with two sets of splines and new
gaskets in the correct location as follows. Figure 5.109.
A. Push the axle shaft and gasket into the hub
and housing until the shaft stops against the
differential lock collar.
B. Push down and in on the axle shaft flange
and rotate the shaft until the splines of the
shaft and the shift collar are engaged.
C. Push the axle shaft further into the housing
until the shaft stops against the differential
side gear.
D. Push down on the axle shaft flange and rotate the shaft until the splines of the shaft
and the side gear are engaged.
E.Push the axle shaft completely into the
housing until the axle shaft flange and gasket are flush against the wheel hub.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock
Engagement or Lockout of the DCDL
WARNING
During DCDL disassembly or differential removal, when the DCDL is in the locked or engaged position and one of the vehicle’s wheels
is raised from the floor, do not start the engine
and engage the transmission. The vehicle can
move and cause serious personal injury. Damage to components can result.
Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the
wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving.
Support the vehicle with safety stands. Do not
work under a vehicle supported only by jacks.
Jacks can slip and fall over. Serious personal
injury and damage to components can result.
Manual Method
Use the following manual engaging method to
shift the DCDL into the locked position:
If an auxiliary air supply is not available or if the
differential differential is to be stored for later
use, use this manual engaging method for the
DCDL. Figure 6.2 and Figure 6.3.
Threaded DCDL
STORAGE
HOLE
CYLINDER
AIR HOSE
MANUAL ENGAGING
CAPSCREW
Figure 6.2
FIXED CAPSCREW DCDL
TOP STORAGE HOLE
FOR MANUAL ENGAGING
CAPESCREW
AIR LINE
CYLINDER
COVER
MANUAL
ENGAGING
CAPSCREW
WIRE
PLUG AND
GASKET
OPERATING POSITION
HOLE
BOTTON STORAGE HOLE
FOR PLUG AND GASKET
Figure 6.3
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the
wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving.
2. Remove the drain plug from the bottom of
the housing and drain the lubricant.
3. Use a jack to raise the left-hand wheel of
the drive axle.
4. Place a jackstand under the left-hand spring
seat to hold the vehicle in the raised position.
5. Disconnect the driveline from the input fork
of the differential.
6. Disconnect the vehicle air line from the
inter-axle differential and main differential lock actuator assemblies.
7. Remove the plug and gasket from the hole in
the center of the Threaded DCDL cylinder or
flanged fixed capscrew DCDL.
8. Remove the manual engaging capscrew from
the top storage hole in the cylinder cover or
the shift tower with the threaded type shift assembly. Figure 6.2 and Figure 6.3.
NOTE:
For a fixed capscrew DCDL shift assembly, the storage hole for the plug and gasket is the opposite end of the storage hole
for the manual engaging capscrew. Figure
6.3.
9. Install the plug and gasket into the bottom
storage hole in the cylinder cover or in the
shift tower.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
87
Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock
10.Install the manual engaging capscrew into
the threaded hole in the center of the cylinder cover or cylinder.
WARNING
There will be a small amount of
spring resistance felt when you turn
in the manual engaging capscrew. If a
high resistance is felt before reaching the locked or engaged position,
stop turning the capscrew, or the
cover, fork and capscrew threads
will be damaged.
88
2.Use a jack to raise the left-hand wheel of the
drive axle. Place a safety stand under the lefthand axle housing leg to support the vehicle in
the raised position.
3.Remove the drain plug from the bottom of the
housing and drain the lubricant.
4.Disconnect the driveline from the input fork.
5.Disconnect the vehicle air line from the interaxle differential and main differential lock actuator assemblies.
NUBS
11.Turn the manual adjusting capscrew to the
right until the head is approximately 0.25-inch
(6 mm) from the cylinder cover. Do not turn
the capscrew beyond its normal stop.
A high resistance on the capscrew indicates
that the splines of the shift collar and the differential case half are not aligned or engaged. To
align the splines, use the following procedure.
A.Rotate the left-hand wheel to align the splines
of the shift collar and case half while you turn in
the manual engaging capscrews.
B.When the normal amount of spring resistance is again felt on the capscrew, the
splines are engaged. Continue to turn in the
manual engaging capscrew until the head
is approximately 0.25-inch (6 mm) from the
cylinder cover. The capscrew is now in the
service position and the main differential lock
is completely engaged.
12.Remove the differential from the axle housing. See the Section 3.
13.Release the differential lock by removing
the manual engaging capscrew and seal
from the cylinder cover or cylinder.
WARNING
When you use an auxiliary air supply
to engage the DCDL, you must supply
air to the DCDL until you remove the
differential. Do not disconnect the
air line or reduce air pressure to
the DCDL before you remove the dIfferential from the housing.
Auxiliary Air Supply Method
Damage to components can result.
1.Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the
wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving.
8.Supply 120 psi (827 kPa) regulated air pressure through the air line.
9.Verify that the DCDL is engaged.
10.Remove the differential from the axle housing. See the Section 3.
11.Shut-off the air supply to the DCDL..
12.Disconnect the air line from the main differential actuator assembly coupling.
Figure 6.4
6.Install a suitable air line coupling into the main
differential actuator assembly.
7.Install the air line into the coupling.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock
Differential and Gear Assembly and
Main Differential Lock
Threaded DCDL Shift Assembly
The current design shift fork does not employ
roll pins. Nubs on the inner face of the fork hold
the shift collar in place. Figure 6.4.
1.Verify that the differential lock is released and
the engaging capscrew and seal are removed
from the shift cylinder.
2.Tap the shift collar with a rubber mallet to loosen and remove the collar from the shift fork.
Figure 6.5.
Figure 6.7
5.Place the shift cylinder and piston assembly
in a vise that has brass covers over the jaws.
Remove the piston and O-ring from inside the
cylinder. Use a narrow drift through the hole in
the top of the cylinder to push out the piston. It
may be necessary to use a mallet to tap out the
piston. Figure 6.8.
DRIFT
SHIFT COLLAR
SHIFT FORK
Figure 6.5
3.Remove the differential lock sensor switch, if
used, and jam nut from the differential. Figure
6.6.
Figure 6.8
6.Carefully remove the O-ring from the piston.
Use a thin pointed tool to remove the O-ring.
Do not damage the piston. Figure 6.9.
Figure 6.9
Figure 6.6
4.Remove the shift cylinder and piston assembly from the differential by turning it to
the left. Figure 6.7.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
7.Inspect the O-ring for any damage such as
cracks, cuts or breaks.
• If the O-ring is damaged, replace it with a new
O-ring when you assemble the components.
8.Clean and inspect all shift assembly parts.
See the Section 4.
89
Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock
9.Pull the shift shaft from the fork and out of the
differential. Figure 6.10.
SHIFT FORK
DCDL CASTING
FORK
Figure 6.10
10.Remove the shift shaft spring and fork from
the differential. Figure 6.11.
SHIFT SHAFT SPRING
Figure 6.12
Further disassembly of these differentials is
the same as axles without the driver-controlled
main differential lock. To continue disassembly,
follow the procedures in Section 3.
Fixed capscrew DCDL Shift Assembly
1. To remove the differential lock sliding shift collar, tap out the two retainer roll pins until they
are level with the inner face of the shift fork.
Figure 6.13.
Figure 6.13
FORK
Figure 6.11
11.If roll pins are used, use a hammer and
brass drift to remove the roll pins for the
adjusting rings on the bearing caps. If capscrews or cotter pins are used, remove the
capscrews or cotter pins.
12.Remove the bearing cap capscrews and
washers, the bearing caps and adjusting
rings. Match mark one bearing cap and one
differential leg so that these parts will be assembled in the correct positions..
13.Lift the differential and gear assembly from
the differential. Figure 6.12.
90
ROLL PINS — TAP
UNTIL EVEN WITH
INNER FACE OF
SHIFT FORK
2. If required, remove the differential lock shift
unit.
A. Remove the sensor switch and jam nut.
B. Remove the four capscrews and washers
that hold the cylinder cover. Remove the
cover. On the 160 Series differentials, remove the copper gasket. Figure 6.14.
C. Remove the shift cylinder and piston.
D. Remove the shift shaft from the shift fork. It
may be necessary to use heat to separate
the shaft from the fork to loosen it.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock
NOTE:
Some models use silastic seal instead of
the flat washer in Step E. Also, a roll pin is
installed in the shift shaft and is used as a
stop for the shift shaft spring. It is not necessary to remove this roll pin during a normal disassembly.
E. Remove the shift shaft spring and flat washer.
F. Remove the shift fork and continue with Step
11 in the previous procedure.
Threaded DCDL Shift Assembly.
Install the differential shift assembly after the differential is assembled and the gear and bearing
adjustments are made. The Threaded DCDL shift
assembly is shown in Figure 6.15
THREADED VERSION
SHIFT SHAFT AND
SPRING
UNLOCKED
ELETRIC CONNECTION
FOR SENSOR
POSITION FIXING
SCREW GEAR
PISTON
CAPSCREW AND WASHER, FOUR CORNERS
CILYNDER
TAPA, JUNTA DE COBRE
debajo de la tapa - sólo
Serie 160
Figure 6.14
DCDL Installation
RING GEAR
Figure 6.15
Differential Shift Assembly
WARNING
When you apply some silicone gasket materials, a
small a mount of acid vapor is present. To prevent
serious personal injury, ensure that the work area
is well-ventilated. Read the manufacturer’s instructions before using a silicone gasket material, then
carefully follow the instructions. If a silicone gasket
material gets into your eyes, follow the manufacturer’s emergency procedures. Have your eyes
checked by a physician as soon as possible.
Take care when you use Loctite® adhesive to
avoid serious personal injury. Read the manufacturer’s instructions before using this product. Follow the instructions carefully to prevent irritation to
the eyes and skin.
O’RING
SHIFT FORK
LOCKED
1.Install the shift fork into the shift of the differential. The “L” shape of the fork and the
bore for the shift shaft must face out toward
the cylinder bore in the side of the differential.
Figure 6.16.
“L” SHAPE OF
FORK
FACE OUT
Figure 6.16
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
91
Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock
2.Compress the shift shaft spring as required
and install it between the back of the fork and
differential wall inside the differential. Figure
6.17.
BEVEL END
SHIFT SHAFT
SPRING
SHIFT CYLINDER
Figure 6.19
INSTALL SPRING
BEHIND FORK
Figure 6.17
3.Align the spring and bore in the shift fork with
the shift shaft bore in the differential.
4.Install the shift shaft through the bore in the
differential, fork and spring until it is against
the shift fork. Figure 6.18.
7.Apply a continuous 0.06-inch (1.5 mm) diameter bead of Loctite® flange sealant, Meritor part
number 2297-D-7076, around the DCDL cylinder threads..
8.Turn the shift cylinder and piston assembly to
the right until it bottoms in the differential casting bore. Figure 6.20.
SHIFT FORK
Figure 6.20
SHIFT SHAFT
Figure 6.18
5.If required, lubricate a new O-ring with axle
lubricant. Install the O-ring into the piston
groove.
6.Install the piston and O-ring assembly into the
shift cylinder, bevel end first. Push on the piston
until it is against the bottom of the cylinder. Figure 6.19.
92
9.Position the shift collar over the fork. The large
splines of the collar must face toward the main
differential. Use a rubber mallet to tap the shift
collar through the nubs of the shift fork. Figure
6.21.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock
LARGE SPLINES OF MAIN
DIFFERENTIALCASE
12.With the shift collar in the locked position,
install the sensor switch into the threaded
hole in the front of the differential. Figure
6.23.
NUBS OF SHIFT FORK
Figure 6.21
10.Engage the splines of the collar with the
splines of the main differential case. Insert the
manual engaging capscrew through the top
of the shift cylinder to move the shift collar toward the differential case. Rotate the collar as
necessary to align the splines. Figure 6.22.
THREADED DCDL
SHIFT CYLINDER
Figure 6.23
13.
Connect a volt-ohm meter to the sensor
switch. Select ohms on the meter. With the
DCDL engaged, the circuit should be closed,
showing less than one ohm resistance. If the
resistance is over one ohm, check the sensor.
A. Verify that the fork is aligned with the sensor
switch when it is in the engaged position.
B. Check for a loose wiring connection. The connector must be tightly seated.
C.Verify that the sensor switch is fully seated
against the differential.
• If the resistance is greater than one ohm afterthese checks, replace the sensor switch.
Fixed capscrew DCDL Shift Assembly
MANUAL ENGAGING CAPSCREW
Figure 6.22
11.Turn the manual adjusting capscrew to the
right until the head is approximately 0.25-inch
(6 mm) from the cylinder cover. Do not turn the
capscrew beyond its normal stop. The capscrew is now in the service position and the
main differential lock is completely engaged.
Install the differential shift assembly after the
differential differential is assembled and the
gear and bearing adjustments are made. The
fixed capscrew type shift assembly is shown in
Figure 6.24.
NOTE:
The differential must be in the locked position
to install the axle shaft into the axle housing.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
93
Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock
4.Apply Loctite 222 threadlocker, to the
threads of the shift shaft.
5. Install the shift fork into its correct position
in the differential case. Figure 6.26.
DCDL FIJADO POR TORNILLOS
1- FLAT WASHER OR SILASTIC AS
REQUIRED
2- CYLINDER
3-ELECTRIC CONNECTION FOR
SENSOR
4 - AIR LINE
5- O-RING
6- DISENGAGED
7- ENGAGED
8 -COPPER GASKET
9 -PIN
10-PERNO
11-SHIFT FORK
12-COLLAR
13-SHIFT SHAFT AND SPRING
Figure 6.24
1. On differential models with shift fork roll pins,
install the two roll pins into the ends of the
shift fork. Tap the pins into position until they
are level with the inner fork face. Figure 6.25.
Do not install completely at this time.
Figure 6.26
6. Hold the shift fork in position. Install the shift
shaft spring into the shift shaft opening in the
differential, through the shift fork bore and into
the bore for the shift shaft spring. Figure 6.27.
Apply Loctite 222
threadlocker.
SPRING
SHIFT FORK
ROLL PIN
SHIFT SHAFT
INNER FORK FACES
Figure 6.27
Figure 6.25
2. If the spring stop roll pin was removed from
the head of the shift shaft, reinstall the pin at
this time.
3. On models without roll pins, snap the fork
into position.
94
7. Slide the shift shaft over the spring. Install
the shaft into the shift fork. Tighten it to 2025 lb-ft (27-34 Nm).
8. Install the copper gasket or apply silastic
sealant, Meritor part number 1199-Q-2981,
to the bottom of the cylinder bore. Figure
6.28.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock
VERSIÓN FIJADA POR TORNILLOS
CYLINDER
COVER
AIR
CYLINDER
CAPSCREW
4-6 LB-FT
(5.5-8.5 N•m)
PISTON AND O-RING
SHIFT SHAFT
APPLY SILASTIC SEALANT
Install flat washer or apply
silastic sealant.
Figure 6.28
9. Lubricate the O-ring with axle lubricant. Install
the O-ring into its groove on the piston. Carefully install the piston into the air cylinder. Figure 6.28. Do not damage the O-ring.
10.Install the cylinder into the housing bore.
Verify that the pilot journal on the piston is
against its bore on the shift shaft. Figure
6.29.
FIXED CAPSCREW VERSION
CYLINDER
AND PISTON
PILOT
Figure 6.30
12.Apply a bead of silastic sealant, Meritor part
number 1199-Q-2981, to the cylinder and
differential house.
13.Slide the shift collar into the fork and engage the shift collar splines with the splines
of the differential case. Use the manual actuation capscrew to move the shift collar
splines onto the differential case splines.
See Section 6.
14.Hold the shift collar in the locked or engaged position and tap in the two roll pins
in the shift fork ends until they are even with
the outer fork faces. Figure 6.31.
FIXED CAPSCREW VERSION
MANUAL
ACTUATION
CAPSCREW
SHIFT COLLAR
SHIFT FORK
SHIFT SHAFT
Figure 6.29
11. Install the copper gasket, if used, into its
bore on the inside of the cylinder cover.
Place the cover into position over the cylinder so that the air intake port will point
up when the differential is installed into the
housing. Install the cover with the four attaching capscrews and washers. Tighten
the capscrews to 4-6 lb-ft (5.5-8.5 N m).
.
Figure 6.30.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Figure 6.31
15.While the shift collar is still in the locked
position, place the sensor switch, with the
locknut loosely attached, into its hole.
95
Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock
16.Connect a volt-ohm meter to the sensor
switch. Select ohms on the meter. Rotate the
switch CLOCKWISE until the meter reading
changes from infinity to less than one ohm.
Turn the switch one additional turn and tighten the locknut to 25-35 lb-ft (35-45 Nm).
Differential Lock Assembly Cover Plates
For differentials without the differential lock or
air shift, assemble the sensor switch plug and
cover plate as follows.
Fixed capscrew DCDL Cover Plate Assemblies
1. Install the washer and plug into the hole for
the sensor switch. Tighten the plug from
.
45-55 lb-ft (60-74 N m). Figure 6.32.
THREADED COVER PLATE
(APPLY LOCTITE 518
ADHESIVE TO COVER
PLATE THREADS)
WASHER
SENSOR
SWITCH
PLUG
WASHER
CAPSCREW
CAPSCREW COVER
PLATE (APPLY
SILICONE GASKET
MATERIAL)
Figure 6.32
2. Apply silicone gasket material to the cover
plate mounting surface on the differential.
See the Section 4.
3. Install the four washers and capscrews.
Tighten the capscrews to 7.4-8.9 lb-ft (1012 N m). Figure 6.32.
Threaded DCDL Cover Plate Assemblies
1. Apply Loctite 518 liquid adhesive to the
plate threads.
2. Install the bolts and washers and tighten the
plate into the differential opening to 7.5-9.0
lb-ft (10-12 N m).
96
Differential Assembly Into the Forward
AxleHousing
WARNING
Solvent cleaners can be flammable, poisonous
and cause burns. Examples of solvent cleaners
are carbon tetrachloride, and emulsion-type and
petroleum-base cleaners. Read the manufacturer’s instructions before using a solvent cleaner,
then carefully follow the instructions. Also follow
the procedures below.
• Wear safe eye protection.
• Wear clothing that protects your skin.
• Work in a well-ventilated area.;
• Do not use gasoline, or solvents that contain
gasoline.
Gasoline can explode.
• You must use hot solution tanks or alkaline solutions correctly. Read the manufacturer’s instructions before using hot solution tanks and
alkaline solutions. Then carefully follow the instructions.
NOTE:
When you install the differential into the axle
housing, the shift collar must be held in the engaged position. This can be done by keeping
the air pressure applied to the shift cylinder by
using the manual engaging capscrew. See the
the procedure in this section. The differential
must be in the locked or engaged position to
install the differential assembly into the axle
housing. After you install the differential into
the axle housing, shift the differential into the
unlocked or disengaged position to permit the
installation of the left-hand axle shaft.
Manual Method
1. Use a cleaning solvent and rags to clean
the inside of the axle housing and the differential mounting surface. See the Section
4.
2. Check the axle housing for damage. If necessary, repair or replace the housing. See the
Section 4.
3. Check for loose studs in the differential mounting surface. Remove and replace the studs
where required. Apply liquid adhesive to the
holes. Install and tighten the stud to 150-230
lb-ft (204-312 N m).
4. The differential lock must be manually engaged before installing the differential into the
housing. See the the procedure in this section.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock
5. Install the differential into the housing. See
the Section 5.
6. Install and tighten the differential-to-housing
capscrews to the specified torque.
7. Install the right- and left-hand axle shafts.
See the Section 5.
NOTE:
When the manual engaging capscrew is removed from the service position in the center of the DCDL actuator, the main differential
lock is disengaged.
8. Remove the long manual engaging capscrew from the center of either the fixed
capscrew or Threaded DCDL..
9. Clean the plug, gasket, cylinder cover and
threaded service position hole in the center
of the fixed capscrew DCDL cylinder cover,
or in the center of the Threaded DCDL.
10.Verify that the sealing gasket is under the
head of the capscrew.
11.Install the manual engaging capscrew into
the DCDL storage hole in the fixed capscrew or the Threaded DCDL assembly.
Figure 6.33 and Figure 6.34.
A. On a fixed capscrew DCDL shift assembly,
remove the short plug and gasket from the
storage hole of the DCDL.
Install the short plug and gasket into the service position hole in the center of the DCDL.
Figure 6.33..
B. On a Threaded DCDL shift assembly, install
the short screw or plug into the storage hole
located in the top of the Threaded DCDL
shift assembly. Figure 6.34.
BOLT ON DCDL SHIFT ASSEMBLY
TOP STORAGE HOLE FOR MANUAL
ENGAGING CAPSCREW
MANUAL
ENGAGING
AIR LINE
PLUG AND
GASKET
WIRE
BOTTOM STORAGE
HOLE FOR PLUG AND
GASKET
THREADED DCDL SHIFT ASSEMBLY
STORAGE HOLE
CYLINDER
AIR HOSE
Figure 6.34
MANUAL ENGAGING
CAPSCREWl
12.Tighten the plug to 44-55 lb-ft (60-75 N m).
Tighten the manual engaging capscrew to
22-28 lb-ft (30-38 N m) for fixed capscrew
DCDL style cylinders and to 7-11 lb-ft (1015 N m) for Threaded DCDL type reverse
shifters.
13.Connect the vehicle air line to the differential lock actuator assembly.
14.Install the electrical connection on the sensor switch located in the differential, below
the actuator assembly.
15.Remove the security support from under
the drive axle.Lower the vehicle to the floor.
16.Fill the axle with lubricant. See the Section 7.
17.Proceed to Check the Differential Lock in
this section.
Auxiliary Air Supply Method
1. Use a cleaning solvent and rags to clean
the inside of the axle housing and the differential mounting surface. See the Section
4.
2. Check the axle housing for damage. If necessary, repair or replace the housing. See the
Section 4.
3. Check for loose studs in the differential
mounting surface. Remove and replace the
studs where required. Apply liquid adhesive
to the holes. Install and tighten the stud to
150-230 lb-ft (204-312 N m).
4. Connect an air line to the main differential
lock actuator Figure 6.33 assembly coupling.
5. Supply 120 psi (827 kPa) regulated air pressure through the air line.
6. Verify that the DCDL engaged.
SERVICE POSITION CAPSCREW HOLE
Figure 6.33
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
97
Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock
7. Install the differential as s embl y into the
housing. See the Section 5.
8. Install and tighten the differential-to-housing
capscrews to the specified torque.
9. Install the right- and left-hand axle shafts
See the Section 5.
10.Remove the air line coupling from the main
differential actuator assembly.
11.Clean the plug, gasket, cylinder cover and
threaded service position hole in the center
of the fixed capscrew DCDL cylinder cover,
or in the center of the Threaded DCDL.
12.Tighten the plug to 44-55 lb-ft (60-75 N m).
Tighten the manual engaging capscrew to
22-28 lb-ft (30-38 N m) for fixed capscrew
DCDL style cylinders and to 7-11 lb-ft (1015 N m) for Threaded DCDL type reverse
shifters.
13.Connect the vehicle air line to the differential lock actuator assembly.
14.Install the electrical connection onto the
sensor switch located in the differential, below the actuator assembly.
15.Remove the jackstand from under the drive
axle. Lower the vehicle to the floor.
16.Fill the axle with lubricant. See the Section 7.
17.
Proceed to Check the Differential Lock
which follows.
Check the Differential Lock
1. Shift the vehicle transmission into neutral. Start
the engine to get the system air pressure to the
normal level.
WARNING
During DCDL disassembly, when the DCDL is
in the locked or engaged position and one of
the vehicle’s wheels is raised from the floor, do
not start the engine and engage the transmission. The vehicle can move and cause serious
personal injury and damage to components.
2.Place the differential lock switch in the cab
of the vehicle in the unlocked or disengaged
position.
3.Drive the vehicle at 5-10 mph (8-16 km/h)
and check the differential lock indicator light.
The light must be off when the switch is in the
unlocked or disengaged position.
98
4.Continue to drive the vehicle and place the
differential lock switch in the locked or engaged position. Let up on the accelerator to
remove the driveline torque and permit the
shift. The light must be on when the switch is
in the locked position.
• If the indicator light remains ON with the switch
in the unlocked position: The differential is still in
the locked position. Verify that the manual engaging capscrew was removed from the cylinder
cover of the DCDL shift assembly. See the the
procedure in this section.
DCDL Driver Caution Alert Label
Verify that the driver caution label is installed in
the vehicle cab. Figure 6.35. The caution label
must be placed in a location that is easily visible to the driver. The recommended location is
on the instrument panel, next to the differential
lock switch and lock indicator light.
! CUIDADO
For more information on using the lock, see the the vehicle manufacturer’s manual
• Engage DCDL only under poor road conditions.
• Do not engage DCDL during downhill operation.
• Do not engage DCDL or operate the vehicle at speeds
above 25 mph.
When DCDL is engaged, an “understeer” condition can occur
when making turns, so operate the vehicle carefully. When
you disengage DCDL, normal steering resumes.
For more information on using the lock, see the the
vehicle manufacturer’s manual.
Driver Instruction Information Available
to Orde
See the the Service Notes page on the front
inside cover of this manual to obtain the following publications.
• DCDL Caution Alert Label TP-86101;.
• DCDL Driver Instruction Kit (Contains DCDL
labeland technical bulletin) TP-9579;nico),
TP-9579;
• Traction Controls for Drive Axles DVD
T95125V.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Lubrification
Specifications
For complete information on lubricating drive axles and differentials, refer to Maintenance Manual
1, Lubrication. To obtain this publication, refer to the Service Notes page on the front inside cover
of this manual.
See the Table N, Table O and Table P for information on lubricants, schedules and capacities.
Table N: Lubricant Cross Reference (Viscosity) and Temperature Chart
Meritor Lubrificant Specificacion
Descrption
Cross Reference
Minimum
Outside
Temperature
Maximum Outside
Temperature
O-76-A
Hypoid Gear Oil
GL -5, S.A.E. 85W/140
-10°F (-12,2°C)
1
O-76-B
Hypoid Gear Oil
GL -5, S.A.E. 80W/140
-15°F (-26,1°C)
1
O-76-D
Hypoid Gear Oil
GL -5, S.A.E. 80W/90
-15°F (-26,1°C)
1
O-76-E
Hypoid Gear Oil
GL -5, S.A.E. 75W/90
-40°F (-40°C)
1
O-76-J
Hypoid Gear Oil
GL -5, S.A.E. 75W
-40°F (-40°C)
+35°F(+1,6°C)
O-76-L
Hypoid Gear Oil
GL -5, S.A.E. 75W/140
-40°F (-40°C)
1 There is no upper limit on these outside temperatures, but the axle sump temperature must never exceed 250°F
(+121°C).
Table O: Oil Change Intervals and Specifications for All Rear Drive Axles.1
Construction Transit Bus Refuse
nitial Oil Change
Yard Tractor
Not required from january 1993
Logging Heavy Haul
Mining Oil Field Rescue
Check Oil Level
Every 25,000 miles (40
000 km), or the fleet
maintenance interval,
whichever comes first.
Every 10,000 miles (16 000 km),
once a month, or the fleet maintenance interval, whichever comes
first.
Every 5,000 miles (8000 km), once
a month, or the fleet maintenance
interval, whichever comes first. 2
Petroleum-Based Oil
Change on axles with or
without a pump and filter
system
Every 100,000 miles
(160 000 km) or annually, whichever comes
first
Every 50,000 miles (80 000 km) or
annually, whichever comes first
Every 25,000 miles (40 000 km) or
annually, whichever comes first
Syntetic Oil change on axle
WITHOUT pump and filter
system 3
Every 250,000 miles
(400.000 km) or every
3 years, anos, whichever comes first.
Every 100.000 miles (160.000 km)
or annually, whichever comes first
Every 50.000 miles (80.000 km) or
annually, whichever comes first
Syntetic Oil change on
axle WITH pump and filter
system 3
Every 500.000 miles
(800.000 km)
Every 250,000 miles (400 000 km)
Every 100.000 miles (160.000 km)
Change filter on axle with pump and filter system
Every 100.000 miles
(160.000 km)
Every 100.000 miles (160.000 km)
Every 100.000 miles (160.000 km)
1. If NoSPIN® installed differential, check the petroleun based oil or syntetic oil, in the minimum interval of the 40.000
miles (64.000 km) or maximum interval of the 50.000 miles (80.000 km).
2. For continuous cycle operations, check the oil level every 1.000 miles (1.600 km). Add the type and amount of suitable oil to it.
3. This interval applies to approved semi-synthetic and synthetic oils only. For a list of approved extended-drain axle
oils, see the TP-9539, Approved Rear Drive Axle Lubricants. To obtain this publication, see the Service Notes page
on the front inside cover of this manual.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
99
Lubrification
Tabela P: Tandem and Tridem Rear Drive Axle Oil Capacities
Oil Capacity
Axle Model Axle Model
Differential
RT-34-140
RT-34-145
RT-34-145P
RT-40-140
RT-40-145
RT-40-145A
RT-40-145P
RT-40-149
RT-40-149A
RT-40-149P
RT-40-160
RT-40-160A
RT-40-160P
RT-40-169
RT-40-169A
RT-40-106P
RT-44-145
RT-46-160
RT-46-160A
RT-46-106P
RT-46-169
RT-46-169A
RT-46-169P
100
Pints
RT-46-164-EH
Liters
Forward
26,0
12,3
Rear
35,0
16,6
Forward
29,6
14,0
Rear
25,4
12,0
Forward
29,6
14,0
Rear
25,4
12,0
Forward
30,2
14,3
Rear
22,8
10,8
Forward
30,2
14,3
Rear
25,8
12,2
Forward
30,2
14,3
Rear
25,8
12,2
Forward
30,2
14,3
Rear
25,8
12,2
Forward
30,2
14,3
Rear
25,8
12,2
Forward
30,2
14,3
Rear
25,8
12,2
Anterior
30,2
14,3
Rear
25,8
12,2
Forward
39,1
18,5
Rear
34,4
16,3
Forward
39,1
18,5
Rear
34,4
16,3
Forward
39,1
18,5
Rear
34,4
16,3
Forward
39,1
18,5
Rear
34,4
16,3
Forward
39,1
18,5
Rear
34,4
16,3
Forward
39,1
18,5
Rear
34,4
16,3
Forward
29,3
13,9
Rear
25,1
11,9
Forward
39,1
18,5
Rear
34,4
16,3
Forward
39,1
18,5
Rear
34,4
16,3
Forward
39,1
18,5
Rear
34,4
16,3
Forward
39,1
18,5
Rear
34,4
16,3
Forward
39,1
16,3
Rear
34,4
18,5
Forward
39,1
18,5
Rear
34,4
16,3
RT-46-164P
RT-46-16H EH
RT-46-16 HP
RT-48-180²
RT-48-380²
RT-50-160
RT-50-160P
RT-52-160
RT-52-160P
RT-52-180²
RT-52-185
RT-52-380²
RT-58-180²
RT-58-185
RT-58-380²
RT-70-380²
RZ-166
RZ-186
RZ-188
Forward
38,1
18,0
Rear
33,2
15,7
Forward
38,1
18,0
Rear
33,2
15,7
Forward
38,1
18,0
Rear
33,2
15,7
Forward
38,1
18,0
Rear
32,2
15,7
Forward
61,1
28,9
Rear
36,8
17,4
Forward
61,1
28,9
Rear
63,6
30,1
Forward
38,1
18,0
Rear
33,2
15,7
Forward
38,1
18,0
Rear
33,2
15,7
Forward
44,1
20,9
Rear
41,2
19,5
Forward
44,1
20,9
Rear
41,2
19,5
Forward
56,1
26,5
Rear
36,1
17,1
Forward
56,1
26,5
Rear
36,1
17,1
Forward
56,1
26,5
Rear
58,2
27,5
Forward
56,1
26,5
Rear
36,1
17,1
Forward
56,1
26,5
Rear
36,1
17,1
Forward
56,1
26,5
Rear
58,2
27,5
Forward
54,4
25,7
Rear
53,1
25,1
Axle 1
39,1
18,5
Axle 2
39,1
18,5
Axle 3
34,4
16,3
Axle1
56,1
56,5
Axle 2
39,1
18,5
Axle 3
34,4
16,3
Axle 1
56,1
56,5
Axle 2
56,1
26,5
Axle 3
36,1
17,1
[1] Oil capacities are for standard sizes and shafts that have been
measured at various angles of inclination of the pinion. The amounts
listed include oil to both ends. Oil capacities will be altered if the measure or the pinion angle are different.
[2] Forward differential with oil pump system.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Information on Fasteners and its Torques
Torque Specifications
RADIAL TEETH
SIDE(OUTSIDE)
Only Models:
RT- 40- 160
RT- 40- 169
RT- 46- 160
RT- 46- 164EH
RT- 46- 169
RT- 46- 16HEH
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
CAM SIDE
(INSIDE)
101
Information on Fasteners and its Torques
Table Q: General Torques Specifications
Axle Application
Torque Value
Ítem
Description
1
Output Fork Nut
2
Output Bearing Cage to differential
Capscrew
ALL
0,38”-16
35-50
47-68
3
Drain and Fill Plugs 1
ALL
0,75”-14
35 Min
47,5 MIn
4
Bearing Caps Capscrew
140 e 145
M30 x 2,5
320-400
430-540
160
M22 x 2,5
480-600
650-810
105-125
143-168
75-95
100-127
220-310
300-420
160-210
220-290
196-262
265-355
Main Differential Case Halves Capscrew
140 e 145,
160
145
6
Lb-Ft
N.m
See the Table R, Table S or Table T
140 e 145
5
Size
Ring Gear-to-Case Nut and Bolt
160
M12 x 1,75 Class
12,9 Std. Cab. Hecag
M12 x 1,75 Class
10,9
M16 x 2,0 Class
12 Std. Cab. Hecag
M16 x 1,5 Class
10 Std. Cab. Hecag
M16 x 1,5 Class
10 Std. Cab. Hecag
7
Oil Pump-to-Input Bearing Cage Capscrew
145 e 160
MB x 1,25
22-33
30-45
8
Pressure Relief Valve Plug
145-160
M12 x 1,75
75-95
100-129
9
Input Bearing Cage to differential Capscrew
ALL
M12 x 1,75
75-95
100-129
10
Input Fork Nut
11A
Differential -to-Axle Housing Nut
ALL
5/8”-18
150-230
203-312
11B
Differential -to-Axle Housing Capscrew
All — Standard or
Nylon Fasteners
5/8”-11
150-230
203-312
_
210
285
See Table R, Table S and Table T
RT-40-160
RT-40-169
11C
Nord-Lock Washer
RT-46-160
RT-46-164EH
RT-46-169
RT-46-16HEH
12
Air Shift Cylinder-to-Differential Capscrew —
Inter-Axle Differential
ALL
M6 x 10
7-12
10-18
13
Air Shift Adjusting Screw Jam Nut — InterAxle Differential
ALL
M6 x 1,5
40-55
55-75
14
Oil Filter Adapter-to-Differential House
145 e 160
M22 x 2,5
40-60
55-80
15
Main Differential Lock Cover Capscrew
ALL
M x 1,0
7-12
10-16
16
Manual Actuation Plug — Main Differential
Lock
ALL
M10 x 1,5
15-25
20-35
17
Cover Capscrew — Axles without Main Differential Lock
ALL
M6 x 1,0
7-12
10-16
1 – Torque minimum. Tighten until only a trickle of thread is visible.
102
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Information on Fasteners and its Torques
Tabela Q: General Torques Specifications (Continuation)
Ítem
Description
Axle Application
Size
_
Air Line-to-Main Differential Lock Cover Adapter
ALL
18
Main Differential Lock Sensor Jam Nut
19
Value Torque
Lb-Ft
N.m
M12 x 1,5
30-40
22-30
ALL
M16 x 1,0
35-45
25-35
Plug — Axles without Main Differential Lock
Sensor
ALL
M16 x 1,0
60-75
45-55
20
Oil Screen and Plug differential Assembly
ALL
M26 x 1,5
65 Min
48 Min
21
Drive Pinion Nut
ALL
M50 x 2,0
1625
2035
22
Drive Pinion Cover-to-Differential cage Capscrew
145-160
M12 x 1,75
75-95
100-129
23
Breather Vent
ALL
3/18”-18
27 Min
20 Min
_
Heat Indicator Plug
ALL
1/2”-14
34 Min
25 Min
_
Axle Shaft-to-Wheel Hub Capscrew
ALL
1/2”-13
115-156
85-115
420-542
420-542
366-475
270-350
Plain Nut
_
ALL
Axle Shaft Stud Nut
3/4”-16
Locknut
3/4”-16
x
1200 x 1500
24
Screw-In DCDL Assembly Housing
Current DCDL Option
M60-2,0
109-136
80-100
25
Screw-In DCDL Plug or Cap
Non-DCDL Options
M60-2,0
109-136
80-100
26
Adjusting Rings Capscrews
145 e 160
_
28-30
21-28
1 - Torque minimum. Tighten until only a trickle of thread is visible
Input and Output Fork Pinion Nut Fastener Torque Specifications
Tabela R: Single Axles
Axle Models
RS-120
RS-125
RS-140
Differential
input
Fork
1000 1245N.m
(740-920 lb-ft)
Fastener Size
M32 x 1,5
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
RS-145
RS-160
RS-161
RS-185
RS-186
1250 1535 N.m
(920 -1130
Ib-ft)
1350 1670 Nm
(1000 - 1230
Ib-ft)
M39 x 1,5
M45 x 1,5
RS-210
RS-220
RS-230
1250 1535 N.m
(740-920 Ib-ft)
M32 x 1,5
RS-240
RS-380
1250 1535 N.m
(920-1130
Ib-ft)
1085 1496 N.m
(800 - 1100
Ib-ft)
M39 x 1,5
1-1/2- 12 UNF
103
Information on Fasteners and its Torques
Tabela S: Mounted on Tandem Axles (Track)
RT - 140
RT - 145
RT - 149
RT - 160
RT - 164
RT - 169
RT - 185
815 1085 N.m
(600-800 Ib-ft)
815 1085 N.m
(600-800 Ib-ft)
815 1085 N.m
(600-800 Ib-ft)
815 1085 N.m
(600-800 Ib-ft)
M45 x 1,5
M45 x 1,5
M45 x 1,5
610 - 880 N.m
(450-650 Ib-ft)
610 - 880 N.m
(450-650 Ib-ft)
610 - 880 N.m
(450-650 Ib-ft)
610 - 880 N.m
(450-650 Ib-ft)
610 - 880 N.m
(450-650 Ib-ft)
610 - 880 N.m
(450-650 Ib-ft)
M32 x 1,5
M39 x 1,5
M39 x 1,5
1-1/2-12 UNF
1-1/2-12 UNF
1-1/2-12 UNF
Axle Models
1º Differential
Input Fork
Fastener Size
1º Differential
Output Fork
Fastener Size
2º Differential
Input Fork
RT - 380
Com IAD
RT - 380
Sem IAD
1224 815 16332 N.m
1085 N.m
(900-1200 Ib(600-800 Ib-ft)
ft)
1 - 3/4 - 12 UN 1 - 3/4 - 12 UN 1 - 3/4 - 12 UN
1250 1350 1350 1085 1085 1000 1535 N.m
1670 N.m
1670 N.m
1496 N.m
1496 N.m
1245 Nm
(920-1130 Ib- ( 1 0 0 0 - 1 2 3 0 ( 1 0 0 0 - 1 2 3 0 (800-1100 Ib- (800-1100 Ib(740-920 Ib-ft)
ft)
Ib-ft)
Ib-ft)
ft)
ft)
Fastener Size
M32 x 1,5
M39 x 1,5
M45 x 1,5
M45 x 1,5
M39 x 1,5
1-1/2-12 UNF
Tabela T: Axles Tridem
Axle Models
RZ - 164
RZ - 166
RZ - 198
RZ - 198
815 1085 N.m
(600-800 Ib-ft)
815 1085 N.m
(600-800 Ib-ft)
815 1085 N.m
(600-800 Ib-ft)
815 1085 N.m
(600-800 Ib-ft)
Fastener Size
M45 x 1,5
M45 x 1,5
1 - 3/4 - 12 UN
1 - 3/4 - 12 UN
1º Diffrential
Output Fork
610 - 880 N.m
(450-650 Ib-ft)
610 - 880 N.m
(450-650 Ib-ft)
610 - 880 N.m
(450-650 Ib-ft)
610 - 880 N.m
(450-650 Ib-ft)
Fastener Size
M39 x 1,5
M39 x 1,5
1-1/2-12 UNF
1-1/2-12 UNF
2º Differential input fork
815 1085 N.m
(600-800 Ib-ft)
815 1085 N.m
(600-800 Ib-ft)
815 1085 N.m
(600-800 Ib-ft)
815 1085 N.m
(600-800 Ib-ft)
Fastener Size
M45 x 1,5
M45 x 1,5
M45 x 1,5
1 - 3/4 - 12 UN
2º Differential
Output Fork
610 - 880 N.m
(450-650 Ib-ft)
610 - 880 N.m
(450-650 Ib-ft)
610 - 880 N.m
(450-650 Ib-ft)
610 - 880 N.m
(450-650 Ib-ft)
Fastener Size
M39 x 1,5
M39 x 1,5
M39 x 1,5
1-1/2-12 UNF
3º Differential Input fork
1250 - 1535 N.m
(920-1130 Ib-ft)
1350 - 1670 N.m
(1000-1230 Ib-ft)
1350 - 1670 N.m
(1000-1230 Ib-ft)
1350 - 1670 N.m
(1000-1230 Ib-ft)
Fastener Size
M39 x 1,5
M45 x 1,5
M45 x 1,5
M45 x 1,5
1º Differential
Input Fork
104
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Specifications Adjustments
Table U: Drive Pinion Bearings — Preload (See to Section 5)
Specification
New bearings
5-45 lb-in (0.56-5.08 N.m)
Used bearings in good condition
10-30 lb-in (1.13-3.39 N.m)
Adjustment
Preload is controlled by the thickness of the spacer
between bearing cones.
To increase preload, install a thinner spacer.
To decrease preload, install a thicker spacer
Tabela V: Drive Pinion — Depth in Differentia (See to Section 5)
Specification
Install the correct amount of shims between the inner
bearing cap of the drive pinion and the differential. To
calculate, use the old shim pack thickness and the new
and old pinion cone numbers.
Adjustment
Change the thickness of the shim pack to get a good
gear tooth contact pattern
Table W: Hypoid Gear Set — Tooth Contact Patterns (Hand Rolled) (See to Section 5)
Specification
Toward the toe of the gear tooth and in the center between the top and bottom of the tooth.
Adjustment
Tooth contact patterns are controlled by the thickness
of the shim pack between the inner bearing cone of the
drive pinion and the differential and by ring gear backlash.
To move the contact pattern lower, increase the thickness
of the shim pack between the inner bearing cup of the
drive pinion and the differential.
To move the contact pattern higher, decrease the thickness of the shim pack between the inner bearing cup of
the drive pinion and the differential.
To move the contact pattern toward the toe of the tooth,
decrease backlash of the ring gear.
To move the contact pattern toward the heel of the tooth,
increase backlash of the ring gear.
Table X: Main Differential Bearings — Preload (See to Section 5)
Specification
15-35lb-in (1.7-3.9N m)
orExpansion between bearing caps
140 and 145 Series — 0.003-0.009-inch (0.08-0.22mm)
160 Series — 0.006-0.013-inch (0.15-0.33mm)
Adjustment
Preload is controlled by tightening both adjusting rings
after zero end play is reached.
Table Y: Main Differential Gears — Rotating Resistance (See to Section 5)
Specification
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
68 N.m (50 lb-ft) Torque máximo verificado para girar un
planetario
105
Specifications Adjustments
Table Z: utput Bearing — Clearance and Preload (See to Section 5)
Clearance input axle
0.050-0.200 mm (0.002-0.008”)
Tabela AA: Output Bearing — Clearance and Preload (See to Section 5)
Specification
0.025-0.102 mm (0.001-0.004”) Holgura en el Rodamiento.
Adjustment
Clearance is controlled by the size of the snap ring in
the output bearing cage.
Increase end play by installing a thinner snap ring.
Decrease end play by installing a thicker snap ring.
NOTE: If the end play on the output bearing measures
ZERO, a thinner snap ring is required.
Tabela AB: Ring Gear — Backlash (See the Section 5)
Specification
145 Series:
Range: 0.008-0.018-inch (0.20-0.460mm)Backlash setting for new gear sets: 0.012-inch (0.300mm)
160 Series:
Range: 0.010-0.020-inch (0.25-0.510mm)Backlash setting for new gear sets: 0.012-inch (0.300mm)
Adjustment
Backlash is controlled by the position of the ring gear.
Change backlash within specifications to get a good
tooth contact pattern.
To increase backlash, move the ring gear away from the
drive pinion
To decrease backlash, move the ring gear toward the
drive pinion.
Tabela AC: Ring Gear — Runout (See the Section 5)
Specification
0.008-inch (0.200mm) Ring gear maximum observed with
main differential case in the difcoroa montada na caixa
dos satélites e na caixa do differential.
Tabela AD: Sensor Switch — Installation (With Differential Lock Only) (See the
Section 6)
Adjustment
106
Shift the differential to the locked position.
Tighten the sensor switch in the differential until the test
light illuminates.
Tighten the sensor switch one additional turn.
Tighten the jam nut to the specified torque.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Special Tools
Specifcations
Mounting Bracket to Differential Repairs
1 -PLATES 8” (203,2 mm) Long X 3/4”(19,05 mm) THICK X 1-1/4” 931,75 mm) Wide With A Tongue To Fit Slot In Bar
Weld Plates To Bar
2 --Handle 7”(177,8 mm) Long With Slot In One End To Fit Clamp Screw
3 -Bar 2”(50,8 mm) Diameter X 9” (228,6 mL) ong With One End Slotted To Fit Plate
4 -Weld All Around After Pressing Plug In Pipe
5 -Weld
6 -Shape And Size Of Holes To Fit Differential
7 -23-1/2” (596,9 mm) Center To Center Of Pipe
8 -Chamfer End Of Pipe For Welding
9 -4”(101.6) Diameter Pipe
10-Plug 4” Diameter X 7” (177,8 mm) Long With One End Turned 3” (76,2 mm) Long To Fit Pipe. Drill 2” (50,8 mm)
Hole And Mill 3/16” Wide Slot 2” (50,8mm) From Top
11-Screw 3” (88,9 mm) Long X 5/8” (15,96 mm) Diameter With Flats On End To Fit Handle And 2-1/2” (63,5 mm)
Length Of Thread On Other End
12-Drill 3/8” (9,5 mm) Hole Through Handle And Screw
To obtain a repair stand, see to the Service Notes page on the front of this manual.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
107
Special Tools
How to Make a Fork Tool to Detencion
1.Measure dimensions A and B of the fork you
are servicing. Figure 10.1.
4.Cut a 1,20 mt x 1.25-inch piece of mild steel
round stock to make the fork bar handle. Center weld this piece to the box section. Figure
10.2.
• To increase fork bar rigidity: Weld two angle
pieces onto the handle. Figure 10.2.
Unitized Pinion Seals and Seal Tools
See the Table AE and Figure 10.3 for information on unitized pinion seals and seal tollss. To
obtain Meritor seal tools KIT 4454, see to the
Service Notes page on the front of this manual.
FORK
Figure 10.1
2.Calculate dimensions C and D of the fork bar
by adding 0.125-0.250-inch to dimensions A
and B of the fork. Figure 10.2.
FORK TOOL TO DETENCION
INSTALATION
TOOL
Position the seal
tolls to prevent
the driver spokes
from hitting the
fastener heads on
the forward tandem
output seals
FASTENER
HEAD
TOOL
R4422401
Figure 10.2
Figure 10.3
WARNING
Wear safe clothing and eye protection when
you use welding equipment. Welding equipment can burn you and cause serious personal
injury. Follow the operating instructions and
safety procedures recommended by the welding equipment manufacturer
3.To make the box section, cut and weld 1-inch
x 2-inch mild steel square stock according to
dimensions C and D. Figure 10.2.
108
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Special Tools
Table AE: Unitized Pinion Seals and Seal Tools
Single Models
Tandem Models
MX-21-160
RT-34-144 /P
MX-23-160R
RT-34-145 /P
RF-16-145
MT-40-143
RF-21-160
RT-40-145 /A /P
RF-22-166
RT-40-149 /A /P
RF-23-185
RT-44-145 /P
RS-17-145
RT-40-160 /A /P
RS-19-145
RT-40-169 /A /P
RS-21-145
RT-46-160 /A /P
RS-21-160
RT-46-169 /A /P
RS-23-160 /A
RT-46-164EH /P
RS-23-161 /A
RT-46-16HEH /P
RS-25-160 /A
RT-50-160 /P
RS-23-186
RT-52-185¹
RS-26-185
RT-58-185¹
Seal Tools
Diameter Seat
Sealer in the
Fork
Shaft iinput entry -Model
A-1205-R-2592 145 fron November 1993
to present
R4422402
3.250 / 3.255
Shaft output previous
– shaft input previous
A-1205-P-2590 models 145 before November 1993 with Seal
A- 1205-F-2424
R4422401
3.000 / 3.005
Input Tandem Rear
A-1205-N-2588 Axle and Rear Axles
Single — Models 145
R4422401
3.000 / 3.005
Input Tandem Rear Axle
A-1205-Q-2591 and Rear Axles Single
— Models 160/164/185
R4422402
3.250 / 3.255
Unitilized
Pinion Seal
Seal position
RS-30-185
1 Input an previous shaft only.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
109
Vehicle Towing Instructions
Hazard Alert Messages
Read and observe all Warning and Caution
hazard alert messages in this publication. They
provide information that can help prevent serious personal injury, damage to components, or
both.
WARNING
To prevent serious eye injury, always wear safe
eye protection when you perform vehicle maintenance or service.
Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the
wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving.
Support the vehicle with safety stands. Do not
work under a vehicle supported only by jacks.
Jacks can slip and fall over. Serious personal
injury and damage to components can result.
Before you service a spring chamber, carefully
follow the manufacturer’s instructions to compress and lock the spring to completely release
the brake. Verify that no air pressure remains
in the service chamber before you proceed.
Sudden release of compressed air can cause
serious personal injury and damage to components.
Engage the parking brake to prevent the vehicle
from moving before you begin maintenance or
service procedures that require you to be under
the vehicle. Serious personal injury can result.
CUIDADO
If the vehicle is equipped with a
front drive axle, tow the vehicle
from the front, with the front
wheels off the ground. If this is
not possible, you must remove the
front drive shaft before towing.
Damage to components can result
Do not use a chisel or wedge to loosen the axle
shaft and tapered dowels. A chisel or wedge
can result in damage to the axle shaft, the gasket and seal, and the axle hub.
NOTE:
For complete towing information, refer to
Technical Bulletin TP-9579, Driver Instruction
Kit. To obtain this publication, see the Service
Notes page on the front this manual.
These instructions supersede all other instructions
for the purpose of transporting vehicles for service
or new vehicle, including those contained in Meritor maintenance manuals..
When transporting a vehicle with the wheels of
one or both drive axles on the road, it is possible to
damage the axles if the wrong procedure is used
before transporting begins. Meritor recommends
that you use the following procedure:
Type of Axle
Forward Tandem Axle, with Driver- Controlled
Main Differential Lock (DCDL — Screw-In
DCDL Shift Assembly) and with Inter-Axle Differential (IAD) Before Towing or Drive-Away
1.Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the
wheels to prevent the vehicle from rolling.
2.
Apply the vehicle parking brakes using the
switch inside the cab of the vehicle.
3.Shift the transmission into neutral and start the
vehicle’s engine.
4.Shift the DCDL to the unlocked or disengaged
position using the switch inside the cab of the
vehicle. The indication light in the cab will go off.
in the cab will go off.
5.Stop the engine.
6.Remove the stud nuts or capscrews and the
washers from the flange of the axle shaf. Figure
11.1.
Tabela AF
Single
Axle
Tandem
Axles
110
Remove the left side axle shaft, inner side
of the road
Front Axle
Remove the right side axle
shaft, outer side of the road
Rear axle
Remove the left side axle
shaft inner of the road
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Vehicle Towing Instructions
7.
Release conical washers, if used, of the
flange of the axle shaf. Figure. FIGURE 11.1.
CONICAL WASHER
RETENTION
STUD NUT
WASHER
CONICAL
WASHER
STUD
GASKET
PARAFUSO
WASHER
NON CONICAL
WASHER
RETENTION
AXLE
SHAFT OR
FLANGE
SHAFT
HUB AXLE
Figure 11.1
8. Identify each axle shaft to be removed from
the axle assembly so they can be installed
in the same location after transporting or repair is completed.
9. Remove the conical washers, the axle shafts
and gaskets, if used. Figure 11.1.
10.Desconecte a mangueira de ar do cilindro
de acionamento do mecanismo de bloqueio. FIGURE 11.2
THREADED DCDL
11.Remove the manual engaging capscrew
from the storage hole. The storage hole of
threaded shift assemblies is located in the
shift tower of the differential, next to the cylinder. FIgure 11.2.
12.Lock or gear the main differential using the
manual engaging capscrew. See the Section 6.
13.Remove the remaining axle shaft(s) as necessary from the axle(s) that will remain on
the road when the vehicle is transported
14.Install a cover over the open end of each
hub where an axle shaft was removed. This
will prevent dirt from entering the bearing
cavity and minimize loss of lubricant
NOTE:
If an air supply will be used for the brake system of the transported vehicle, continue with
Steps 15 and 16, otherwise continue with
Step 17.
15.Connect an auxiliary air supply to the brake
system of the vehicle that is being transported. Before moving the vehicle, charge
the brake system with the correct amount of
air pressure to operate the brakes. Refer to
the instructions supplied by the manufacturer of the vehicle for procedures and specifications. If an auxiliary air supply is not used,
continue with Step 17.
16.When the correct amount of air pressure
is in the brake system, release the parking
brakes of the vehicle that is being transported. Step 17 is not required.
17.If there are spring or parking brakes on the
axle(s) that will remain on the road when
the vehicle is transported, and they cannot be released by air pressure, manually
compress and lock each spring so that the
brakes are released. See the manufacturer’s instructions.
HOLE IN BED
CILYNDER
Towing or Drive-Away
1.If an auxiliary air supply was used, apply the
vehicle parking brakes using the switch inside
the cab of the vehicle. If an auxiliary air supply
was not used, begin with Step 2.
AIR HOSE
CAPSCREW
MANUAL ENGAGING
Figure 11.2
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
111
Vehicle Towing Instructions
2.Apply the vehicle spring or parking brakes
by manually releasing each spring that was
compressed before begin to transport. See
the vehicle manufacturer’s instructions.
3.Disconnect the auxiliary air supply, if used,
from the brake system of the vehicle that was
transported. Connect the vehicle’s air supply
to the brake system.
4.Remove the covers from the hubs.
NOTE:
Install the axle shaft(s) indicated in Table
AG. These Axle shafts have a double row of
splines that engage with the splines of the
side gear and shift collar in the differential
case. FIGURE 11.3.
5.Install the gasket, if used, and axle shaft into
the axle housing and differential in the same
location. The gasket and flange of the axle
shaft must be flat against the hub. Rotate the
axle shaft or the driveline as necessary to
align the splines and the holes in the flange
with the studs in the hub. Figure 11.1.
SINGLE AXLE OR REAR AXLE OF TANDEM SHOWN
WITH SCREW-IN DCDL SHIFT ASSEMBLY AND
SHOWN IN THE LOCKED OR ENGAGED POSITION
Table AG
Single
Axle
Remove the left side axle shaft inner side
of the road
Tandem
Axle
Front Axle
Remove the right side axle
shaft, outer side of the road
Rear
Axle
Remove the left side axle
shaft, inner inside of the road
6.Install the conical washers, if used, over each
stud and into the tapered holes of the flange.
7.Install the washers and capscrews or stud
nuts. Determine the size of the fasteners and
tighten the capscrews or nuts to the corresponding torque value shown in Table AH.
Table AH
Type of Fastener
Thread Size
Tandem Axle
Capscrew
0,31”-24
0,50”-13
0,24-33 (18-24)
115-156 (85-115)
Stud Nuts/Plain
Nut
0,44”-20
0,50”-20
0,56”-18
0,62”-18
0,75”-16
68-102 (50-75)
102-156 (75-115)
149-224 (110-165)
203-312 (150-230)
420-542 (310-400)
Locknut
0,44”-20
0,50”-20
0,56”-18
0,62”-18
0,75”-16
54-88 (40-65)
65-100 (88-136)
136-197 (100-145)
176-258 (130-190)
366-475 (270-350)
1 - LEFT-HAND, ROADSIDE, AXLE SHAFT
2 - SHIFT ASSEMBLY
3 - SHIFT COLLAR
4 - RIGHT-HAND, CURBSIDE, AXLE SHAFT
5 - DOUBLE ROW OF SPLINES
6 -SHIFT COLLAR AND DIFFERENTIAL CASE SPLINES ENGAGED
OR LOCKED
7 - SIDE GEAR
8 - DIFFERENTIAL CASE
112
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Vehicle Towing Instructions
8. Unlock or disengage the DCDL by removing
the manual engaging capscrew from the shift
assembly.
9.Install the manual engaging capscrew
into the storage hole. The storage hole of
threaded shift assemblies is located in the
shift tower of the differential next to the cylinder. Tighten the capscrew to 15-25 lb-ft
(20-35 N m). Figure11.2.
10.Connect the air hose to the shift cylinder. Tighten the air hose to 22-30 lb-ft (30-40 Nm).
11.Install the remaining axle shaft into the axle
housing and differential
12.Check the lubricant level in the axles and
hubs where the axle shafts were removed.
Add the correct type and amount of lubricant
if necessary. See the Section 7.
Previous Tandem Axle, with Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock (DCDL
— Bolt-On DCDL Shift Assembly) and
with Inter-Axle Differential (IAD)
Table AI
Single
Axles
Remove de left side axle shaft inner side
of the road
Front Axle
Remove the right side axle
shaft, outer side of the road
Rear Axle
Remove the left side axle
shaft, inner inside of the
road
Tandem
Axles
CONICAL WASHER RETENTION
STUD NUT
WASHER
CONICAL WASHER
STUD
GASKET
Before Towing or Drive-Away
1.Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the
wheels to prevent the vehicle from rolling.
2.Apply the parking brake using the switch inside the cab of the vehicle.
3.Shift the transmission into neutral and start
the vehicle’s engine.
4.Shift the DCDL to the unlocked or disengaged
position using the switch inside the cab of the
vehicle. The indicator light in the cab will go
off.
5.Stop the engine.
NOTE:
Remove in this point, only axle shaft (s) show
(s) in table AI, that will remain on the road when
the vehicle is transported.
6.Remove the stud nuts or capscrews and the
washers from the flange of the axle shaf. FIGURE 11.4.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
PARAFUSO
WASHER
NON CONICAL WASHER RETENTION
SHAFT
AXLE SHAT OR HUB AXLE
FLANGE
Figure 11.4
7. Loosen conical washers , from the flange of
the axle shaf,if used. Figure 11.4. See the
Section 3.
8. Identify each axle shaft to be removed from
the axle assembly so they can be installed
in the same location after transporting or repair is completed.
9.Remove the conical washer, gasket, IF
used, and axle shaft Figure 11.4.
10.Remove the manual engaging capscrew
from the storage hole. The storage hole of
threaded shift assemblies is located in the
shift tower of the differential, next to the cylinder. Figure 11.5.
113
Vehicle Towing Instructions
BOLT ON SHIFT ASSEMBLY
TOP STORAGE HOLE FOR MANUAL
ENGAGING CAPSCREW
MANUAL
ENGAGING
CAPSCREW
AIR LINE
PLUG AND
GASKET
WIRE
BOTTON STORAGE
HOLE FOR PLUG
AND GASKET
POSICIÓN DEL ORIFICIO PARA TORNILLO DE ACOPLAMIENTO MANUAL
NOTE:
When the locking ring is completely engaged
with the main differential Cage splines, the
differential is locked and the driveline do
not be rotate. Figure 11.7.
D. While the differential is held locked position by
air pressure, rotate the manual engaging capscrew to right until you feel resistance against
the piston Stop to rotate the capscrew.
E. Place the system switch lock of the main differential cage in the position unlocked or disengagedo.
F. Stop the engine. Continue from step 15.
Figure 11.5
11.Remove the plug and gasket from the storage hole. Install the plug and gasket into the
threaded hole in the center of the shift cylinder
cover. Tighten to 15-25 lb-ft (20-35 Nm). Figure 11.5.
12.Lock or engage the main differential Cage
using using one of the following methods:
pressurized air method or manual engaging
method
13.Lock or engage the main diferential cage using the pressurized air method.
A. Install the manual engaging capscrew into
the threaded hole in the center of the cylinder. Turn the capscrew to the right 3 or 5
laps. FIGURE 11.6.
B. Shift the transmission into neutral and start the
vehicle’s engine. Keep the engine idling to increase the air pressure in the system. Does not
release the parking brake.
C.Shift the main differential Cage to lock or
engaged using the switch inside the cab the
vheicle. When differential is locked, the indicator light in the cab will go on.
• If the indicator light will go off a, turn manually
the driveline or IAD until main differential Cage
be locked and the indicator light will go on.
BOLT-ON SHIFT ASSEMBLY
MANUAL
ENGAGING
CAPSCREW
Figure 11.6
SINGLE AXLE OR REAR AXLE OF TANDEM SHOWN WITH
BOLT-ON DCDL SHIFT ASSEMBLY AND SHOWN IN THE
LOCKED, ENGAGED POSITION
1 - LEFT-HAND, ROADSIDE, AXLE SHAFT
2 - SHIFT ASSEMBLY
3 - SHIFT COLLAR
4 - RIGHT-HAND, CURBSIDE, AXLE SHAFT
5 - DOUBLE ROW OF SPLINES
6 -SHIFT COLLAR AND DIFFERENTIAL CASE SPLINES ENGAGED
OR LOCKED SIDE GEAR
7 - SIDE GEAR
8 - DIFFERENTAIL CASE
114
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Vehicle Towing Instructions
14.Lock or engaged the main differential Cage
using the manual engaging methoid.
A. Install the manual engaging capscrew into
the threaded hole in the center of the cylinder. FIGURE 11.6.
CAUTION
When you turn the capscrew in
Step D and you feel a high resistance, STOP TURNING THE CAPSCREW.
A high resistance against the capscrew indicates that the splines
of the shift collar and differential case are not aligned. Damage
to the threads of the cylinder and
capscrew will result.
B. Turn the capscrew to the right until the head
is approximately 0.25- to 0.50-inch (6.4 to
12.7 mm) from the cylinder. The capscrew is
now in the service position and the shift collar is locked or engaged. Figure 11.8. When
turning the capscrew you will feel a small
amount of resistance. This is normal.
• If you feel a high resistance before achieving
the 0.25- to 0.50-inch distance between the
capscrew head and cylinder, stop turning the
capscrew and continue with Step C, step D
and step E.
C.Rotate de driveline or IAD only a small portion
of rotation.
D.Tighten the manual engaging capscrew to
right. if you feel a high resistance,stop turning the capscrew.
E. Repeat the step C and step D until you feel
a small resistance in the capscrew. Continue
with step B. Continue from step 15.
0,25 -0,50 “
(6,4 - 12,7 mm)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
15.Remove the remaining axle shaft(s) as necessary from the axle(s) that will remain on
the road when the vehicle is transported.
16.Install a cover over the open end of each hub
where an axle shaft was removed. This will
prevent dirt from entering the bearing cavity
and minimize loss of lubricant.
NOTE:
If an air supply will be used for the brake
system of the transported vehicle, continue
with Steps 17 and 18. Otherwise continue
with Step 19.
17.Connect an auxiliary air supply to the brake
system of the vehicle that is being transported. Before moving the vehicle, charge the
brake system with the correct amount of air
pressure to operate the brakes. Refer to the
instructions supplied by the manufacturer
of the vehicle for procedures and specifications. If an auxiliary air supply is not used,
continue with Ste19.
18.When the correct amount of air pressure is in
the brake system, release the parking brakes
of the vehicle that is being transported. The
step 19 is not required.
19.If there are spring or parking brakes on the
axle that will remain on the road when the
vehicle is transported, and they cannot be
released by air pressure, manually compress
and lock each spring so that the brakes are
released. See the manufacturer’s instructions.
After Towing or Drive-Away
1. If an auxiliary air supply was used, apply the
vehicle parking brakes using the switch inside the cab of the vehicle. If an auxiliary air
supply was not used, begin with Step 2.
2. Apply the vehicle spring or parking brakes
by manually releasing each spring that was
compressed before transporting started. See
the manufacturer’s instructions.
3. Disconnect the auxiliary air supply, if used,
from the brake system of the vehicle that
was transported. Connect the vehicle’s air
supply to the brake system.
4. Remove the covers from the hubs.
Figure 11.8
115
Vehicle Towing Instructions
Note:
Install the axle shaft(s) indicated in Table AJ.
Axle shafts with a DCDL have a double row
of splines that engage with the splines of the
side gear and shift collar in the differential
case. FIGURE 11.7.
5. Install the gasket, if used, and axle shaft into
the axle housing and differential in the same
location. The gasket and flange of the axle
shaft must be flat against the hub. Rotate the
axle shaft or the driveline as necessary to
align the splines and the holes in the flange
with the studs in the hub. Figure 11.4.
Table AJ
Single
Axles
Remove the left side axle shaft inner side
of the Road
Front Axle
Tandem
Axles
Rear Axle
Remove the right side axle
shaft, outer side of the road
Remove the left side axle
shaft, inner inside the road
6.Install the conical washerss, if used, over each
stud and into the tapered holes of the flange..
7.Install the washers and capscrews or stud
nuts. Determine the size of the fasteners and
tighten the capscrews or nuts to the corresponding torque value shown in Table AK.
Tabela AK
116
Fastener
Thread
Size
Torque Value Nm (lbft)
Capscrews
0,31”-24
0,50”-13
24-33 (18-24)
115-156 (85-115)
Stud Nuts/
Plain Nut
0,44”-20
0,50”-20
0,56”-18
0,62”-18
0,75”-16
68-102 (50-75)
102-156 (75-115)
149-224 (110-165)
203-312 (150-230)
420-542 (310-400)
Locknut
0,44”-20
0,50”-20
0,56”-18
0,62”-18
0,75”-16
54-88 (40-65)
88-136 (65-100)
136-197 (110-145)
176-258 (130-190)
366-475 (270-350)
8. Unlock or disengage the DCDL by removing the manual engaging capscrew from the
shift assembly.
9. Install the manual engaging capscrew into
the storage hole. The storage hole of bolted on shift assemblies is located in the top
side of the shift cylinder cover. Tighten the
capscrew to 15-25 lb-ft (20-35 N m). Figure
11.5.
10.Remove the plug and gasket from the storage hole. Install the plug and gasket into the
threaded hole in the center of the shift. cylinder cover. Tighten to 15-25 lb-ft (20-35 N
m).
11.Install the remaining axle shaft(s) into the
axle housing and diffrential.
12.Check the lubricant level in the axles and
hubs where the axle shafts were removed.
Add the correct type and amount of lubricant if necessary. See the Section 7.
Forward Tandem Axle, without Driver-Controlled Main Differential Lock
(DCDL), with Inter-Axle Differential
(IAD)
Before Towing or Drive-Away
1.Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the
wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving.
2.Apply the vehicle parking brakes using the
switch inside the cab of the vehicle
3.Shift the transmission into neutral and start
the vehicle’s engine.
4.Shift the IAD to the unlocked or disengaged
position using the switch inside the cab of the
vehicle. The indicator light in the cab will go
off.
5.Stop the engine.
Note:
Remove both axle shafts from the axle(s)
that will remain on the road when the vehicle is transported.
6.
Remove the stud nuts or capscrews and
washers from the flange of the axle shaft.
Figure 11.9.
7.Loosen the conical washers, if used, in the
flange of the axle shaft. Figure 11.11. See the
Section 3.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Vehicle Towing Instructions
After Towing or Drive-Away:
conical washer retention
STUD NUT
CONICAL
WASHER WASHER
STUD
GASKET
PARAFUSO
WASHER
NON CONICAL WASHER
AXLE SHAFT
OR FLANGE
SHAFT HUB
AXLE
8. Identify each axle shaft that is removed from
the axle assembly so they can be installed
in the same location after transporting or repair is completed.
9.Remove the conical washers, gasket, if
used, and the axle shaft from the axle assembly. Figure 11.9.
10.Install a cover over the open end of each
hub where an axle shaft was removed. This
will prevent dirt from entering the bearing
cavity and loss of lubricant
NOTE:
If an air supply will be used for the brake
system of the transported vehicle, continue
with Step 11 and Step 12, otherwise continue with Step 13.
11.Connect an auxiliary air supply to the brake
system of the vehicle that is being transported. Before moving the vehicle, charge the
brake system with the correct amount of air
pressure to operate the brakes. Refer to the
instructions supplied by the manufacturer
of the vehicle for procedures and specifications. If an auxiliary air supply is not used,
continue with Step 13.
12.When the correct amount of air pressure is in
the brake system, release the parking brakes
of the vehicle that is being transported. Step
13 is not required.
13.If there are spring or parking brakes on the
axle(s) that will remain on the road when the
vehicle is transported, and they cannot be released by air pressure, manually compress
and lock each spring so that the brakes are
released. See the manufacturer’s instructions.
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
1. If an auxiliary air supply was used, apply the
vehicle parking brakes using the switch inside
the cab of the vehicle. If an auxiliary air supply
was not used, begin with Step 2.
2.Apply the vehicle spring or parking brakes by
manually releasing each spring that was compressed before transporting started. See the
manufacturer’s instructions.
3.Disconnect the auxiliary air supply, if used,
from the brake system of the vehicle that was
transported
Connect the vehicle’s air supply to the brake
system.
4.Remove the covers from the hubs.
5.Install the gasket, if used, and axle shaft into
the axle housing and differential in the same
location. The gasket and flange of the axle
shaft must be flat against the hub. Rotate the
axle shaft or the driveline as necessary to
align the splines and the holes in the flange
with the studs in the hub. Figure 11.9.
6.Install the conical washers, se usadas, if used,
over each stud and into the tapered holes of
the flange.
7.Install the washers and capscrews or stud
nuts. Determine the size of the fasteners and
tighten the capscrews or nuts to the torque
value shown in Table AL.
Tabla AL
Fastener
Thread Size
Torque Value Nm (Ib-ft)
Capscrews
0,31”-24
0,50”-13
24-33 (18-24)
115-156 (85-115)
Stud Nuts/
Plain Nuts
0,44”-20
0,50”-20
0,56”-18
0,62”-18
0,75”-16
68-102 (50-75)
102-156 (75-115)
149-224 (110-165)
203-312 (150-230)
420-542 (310-400)
Locknut
0,44”-20
0,50”-20
0,56”-18
0,62”-18
0,75”-16
54-88 (40-65)
88-136 (65-100)
136-197 (110-145)
176-258 (130-190)
366-475 (270-350)
117
Always use the Technical Manuals from...
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Always use original parts
For more details, see the Spare Parts Catalog
Customer service
55 11 3684.6741
55 11 3684.6867
Purchase the CD-ROM failure analysis of components of the axis
traction
Customer Service
Av. João Batista, 825 - Osasco - SP - 06097-105
Tel. (11) 3684-664 - (11) 3684-6867
AfterMarket (Replace parts)
R. Ester Rombenso, 403 - Osasco - SP - 06097-120
Tel. (11) 0800-555530
www.arvinmeritor.com