Craftsman 917.271650 Specifications

E/AR8
®
MODEL NUMBER 917.259580
OWNER'SMANUAL
o Assembly
o Operation
o Customer Responsibilities
o Service and Adjustments
o Repair Parts
CAUTION:
Read and follow
all safety
rules and instructions
before
operating
this equipment.
FOR CONSUMER ASSISTANCE HOT LINE, CALL THIS TOLL FREE NUMBER: 1-800-659-5917
[]
SAFETY
Practices RULES
for Ride-On
Safe Operation
Mowers
_
IMPORTANT:
THIS CUTTING MACHINE IS CAPABLE OF AMPUTATING
HANDS AND FEET AND TH ROWING OBJECTS
FAILURE TO OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
COULD RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
I,
,,
•
GENERAL
OPERATION
II1. CHILDREN
Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the manual
and on the machine before starting.
Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with the
instructions, to operate the machine
Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire, etc.,
which could be picked up and thrown by the blade
Be surethe area is clear of other people before mowing Stop
machine if anyone enters the area
Never carry passengers
Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary Always
look down and behind before and while backing
Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not point
it at anyone Do not operate the mower without either the
entire grass catcher or the guard in place
Slow down before turning.
Never leave a running machine unattended. Always turn off
blades, set parking brake, stop engine, and remove keys
before dismounting.
Turn off blades when not mowing
Stop engine before removing grass catcher or unclogging
chute
Mow only in daylight or good artificial light
Do not operate the machine while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing roadways
Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine into
a trailer or truck_
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the
presence of children.
Children are often attracted to the
machine and the mowing activity.
Never assume that
children will remain where you last saw them.
Keep children out of the mowing area and under the watchful
care of another responsible adult
Be alert and turn machine off if children enter the area.
Before and when backing, look behind and down for small
children
Never carry children
They may fall off and be seriously
injured or interfere with safe machine operation.
Never allow children to operate the machine
Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
trees, or other objects that may obscure vision.
IV, SERVICE
•
I1. SLOPE OPERATION
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control
and
tipove r accidents, which can result in severe irrjury or death
All slopes require extra caution.
If you cannot back up the
slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not mow iL
DO:
Mow up and down slopes, not across
Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc
Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could
overturn the machine Tall grass can hide obstacles.
Use slow speed. Choose a low gear so that you will not have
to stop or shift while on the slope,
Follow the manufacturer's
recommendations for wheel
weights or counterweights to improve stability,
Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments
These can change the stability of the machine,
Keep all movement on the slopes s/owand gradual Do not
make sudden changes in speed or direction
Avoid starting or stopping on a slope, If tires lose traction,
disengage the blades and proceed slowly straight down the
slope.
•
•
Use extra care in handling gasoline and other fuels, They are
flammable and vapors are explosive
Use only an approved container
Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the engine
running Allow engine to cool before refueling, Do not
smoke
Never refuel the machine indoors
Never store the machine or fuel container inside where
there is an open flame, such as a water heater
Never run a machine inside a closed area
Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade attachment bolts, tight
and keep equipment in good condition
Never tamper with safety devices
Check their proper
operation regularly
Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or other debris build-up.
Clean oil or fuel spillage.
Allow machine to cool before
storing
Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an object
Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine running.
Grass catcher components are subject to wear, damage, and
deterioration, which could expose moving parts or allow
objects to be thrown. Frequently check components and
replace with manufacturer's recommended parts, when necessary.
Mower blades are sharp and can cut Wrap the blade(s) or
wear gloves, and use extra caution when servicing them
Check brake operation frequently.
Adjust and service as
required
portant safety precautions. It means
CAUTION!!!
YOUR
Look for thisBECOMEALERT!!!
symbol to point out
imSAFETY IS INVOLVED.
DO NOT:
,
Donor turn on slopes unless necessary, and then, turn slowly
and gradually downhill, if possible=
•
Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments. The
mower could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over the edge
of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge caves ir].
Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could cause
sliding.
Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot on the
ground
Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes
A
CAUTION: Always disconnect
spark plug
wire and place wire where it cannot contact
spark plug in order to prevent accidental
starting
when setting up, transporting,
adjusting or making repairs_
A WARNING
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other
reproductive
harm.
2
CONGRATULATIONS
on
PRODUCT
your purchase of a Sears
Tractor. It has been designed, engineered and manufactured to give you the best possible dependability and
performance_
Should you experience any problem you cannot easily
remedy, please contact your nearest Sears Authorized
Service Center/DepartmenL
We have competent, welltrained technicians and the proper tools to service or repair
this tractor.
HORSEPOWER:
15.5
GASOLINE CAPACITY
AND TYPE:
&5 GALLONS
UNLEADED REGULAR
OILTYPE
SAE t0W30 (above32°F)
SAE 5W-30 (below 32 F)
(APFSF/SG/SH):
OIL CAPACITY:
Please read and retain this manual. The instructions will
enable you to assemble and maintain your tractor properly.
Always observe the "SAFETY RULES'L
MODEL
NUMBER
SPECIFiCATiONS
W/FILTER:
W/O FILTER:
SPAR '( PLUG
(GAP:
.040")
CHAMPION
NOT ADJUSTABLE
GROUND SPEED (MPH):
FORWARD:
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
6th
REVERSE:
SERIAL
NUMBER
DATEOFPURCHASE
YOUSHOULDRECORDBOTHSERIALNUMBERAND
DATE OF PURCHASE AND KEEPIN A SAFE PLACE
FOR FUTURE REFERENCE.
MAINTENANCE
AGREEMENT
A Sears Maintenance Agreement is available on this producL Contact your nearest Sears store for details,
CUSTOMER
•
o
o
11
15
2.3
35
4.4
&7
1.7
TIRE PRESSURE:
FRONT:
REAR:
14 PSI
10 PSI
CHARGING SYSTEM:
3 AMPS BATTERY
5 AMPS HEADLIGHTS
BATTERY:
AMP/HR:
MIN. CCA:
CASE SIZE:
BLADE BOLT TORQUE:
30-35 FT_ LBS
30
240
U1R
WARNING:
This tractor is equipped with an internal
combustion engine and should not be used on or near any
unimproved foresFcovered, brush-covered or grass-covered land unless the engine's exhaust system is equipped
with a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws
(if any) If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained
in effective working order by the operator_
In the state of California the above is required by law
(Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code).
Other states may have similar laws. Federal laws apply on
federal lands. A spark arrester for the muffler is available
through your nearest Sears Authorized Service Center/
Department (See REPAIR PARTS section of this manual
RESPONSIBILiTiES
Read and observe the safety rules.
Follow a regular schedule in maintaining, caring for and
[,sing your tracton
Follow the instructions under"Customer Responsibilities" and "Storage" sections of this owner's manual.
LIMITED TWO YEAR WARRANTY
RC12YC
VALVE CLEARANCE:
917259580
THEMODELANDSERIALNUMBERSWILLBEFOUND
ON A PLATE UNDER THE SEAT.
40 PINTS
3.5 PINTS
ON CRAFTSMAN
RiDiNG
EQUIPMENT
For two (2) years from the date of purchase, if this Craftsman Riding Equipment is maintained, lubricated and tuned up according to
the instructions in the owner's manual, Sears will repair or replace, free of charge, any parts found to be defective in material or
workmanship_
This Warranty does not cover:
•
Expendable items which become wom during normal use, such as blades, spark plugs, air cleaners, belts, etc
•
Tire replacement or repair caused by punctures from outside objects, such as nails, thorns, stumps, or glass.
•
Repairs necessary because of operator abuse, negligence, improper storage or accident or the failure to maintain the
equipment according to the instructions contained in the owner's manual
•
Riding equipment use d for commercial or rental purposes.
LIMITED 90 DAY WARRANTY
ON BATTERY
For ninety (90) days from date of purchase, if any battery included with this dding equipment proves defective in material or
workmanship and our testing determines the battery will not hold a charge, Sears will replace the battery at no charge.
IN-HOME WARRANTY SERVICE ON YOUR CRAFTSMAN RIDING EQUIPMENT IS AVAILABLE AT NO-CHARGE FOR 30 DAYS
FROM THE DATE OF PURCHASE. PLEASE CONTACT YOUR NEAREST SERVICE CENTER. AFTER 30 DAYS FROM THE
DATE OF PURCHASE, WARRANTY SERVICE IS AVAILABLE BY TAKING YOUR CRAFTSMAN RIDING EQUIPMENT TO YOUR
NEAREST SEARS SERVICE CENTER. (IN-HOME WARRANTY SERVICE WILL STILL BE AVAILABLE AFTER 30 DAYS FROM
THE DATE OF PURCHASE BUT A STANDARD TRIP CHARGE WILL APPLY) THIS WARRANTY APPLIES ONLY WHILE THIS
PRODUCT IS IN THE UNITED STATES.
This Warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which may vary from state to state.
SEARS, ROEBUCK AND CO,, 13/817WA, HOFFMAN ESTATES, IL 60179
3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ......................................
15
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS ............................ 20-25
STORAGE ...................................................................
26
TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................
27-28
REPAIR PARTS - TRACTOR ................................. 30-47
REPAIR PARTS - ENGINE .................................... 48-53
SAFETY RULES ............................................................
2
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ...................................... 3
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES ..................... 3_ 15-19
WARRANTY ..................................................................
3
TRACTOR ACCESSORIES ..........................................
5
ASSEMBLY ................................................................
7-9
OPERATION ...........................................................
10-14
INDEX
A
Accessories .............................................
5
Adjustments:
Brake ..............................................
22
Carburetor ..................................
25
Mower:
Front-To-Back .........................
21
Side-To-Side ..............................21
Tbrottle Control Cable ................... 24
Air Filter, Engine ..................................
18
Air Screen, Engine ..............................
18
Assembly ...............................................
7-9
B
Battery:
Charging ....................................
Cleaning ........................................
Starting with Weak Battery ...........
Sto_age ..........................................
Terminals ....................................
Belts:
Motion Drive
Removal/Replacement ..........
Mower Blade Drive
Removal/Replacement ...........
Blade:
Sharpening .................................
Replacement ..................................
Brake Adjustment ....................................
8
17
23
26
17
Type ................................................
Storage ............................................
Fuse .....................................................
G
22
Gauge Wheels ....................................
H
22
Hood Removal/Installation
L
16
16
22
o
Carburetor Adjustment ....................... 25
Controls, Tractor ..............................
11
Customer Responsibilities ............. 15-19
Engine:
Air Filter ...................................
18
Air Screen, Engine .....................18
Battery ......................................
17
Cooling Fins, Engine ....... :........ 18
Engine Oil ................................... 17
Fuel Filter ........................................ 19
Spark Plugs ................................
19
Tractor:
Blades ......................................
16
Lubrication Chad ...................... 15
Maintenance Schedule ........... 15
Tire Care .........................
9,16,23
Cutting Height, Mower. ......................
Engine:
Air Filter ..........................................
18
Air Screen ..................................
18
Cooling Fins, Engine .................. 18
Oil Change ...............................
17
Oil Level .................................... 13,17
Oil Type ...........................................
17
Preparation ..................................... 13
Repair Parts ............................. 48-53
Starting ............................................
14
Storage ........................................
26
F
Filters:
Air ...................................................
18
Fuel ...........................................
19
Fuel:
12
E
9
................. 24
Leveling Mower Deck .............................21
Lubrication Chart ..............................
15
M
Maintenance Schedule ...................
15
Mower:
Adjustment, Front-to-Sack .......... 21
Adjustment , Side.to-Side ............ 21
Blade Sharpening .......................... 16
Blade Replacement ...................... 16
Cutting Height .............................
12
Installation .....................................
20
Operation .....................................
13
Removal .........................................
20
Mowing Tips .......................................
14
Muffler ................................................
19
Spark Arrester ..........................
3,40
Mulcher Plate ........................................
9
O
Oil:
Cold Weather Conditions ....... 13,17
Engine ..........................................
17
Storage .......................................
26
Electrical:
Interlocks and Relays ................... 24
Schematic ......................................
29
Wiring Diagram ............................
13
26
24
30
4
Operation ..................................
10-14
Operating Mower ......................................13
Options:
Accessories ....................................
5
Spark Arrester ............................. 3,40
P
Parking Brake ...................................11-12
Parts Bag ................................................
6
Pads, Replacement/Repair
............. 30-47
Product Specifications ............................. 3
R
Repair Parts .......................................
S
30-47
Safety Rules ..........................................
2
Seat ............................................................
8
Service and Adjustments ............. 20-25
Brake ..........................................
22
Carburetor ....................................
25
Fuse ...............................................
24
Hood Removal/Instalation
............ 24
Motion Drive Belt
Removal/Replacement
............ 22
Mower Blade Drive Belt
Removal/Replacement
........... 22
Mower Adjustment:
Front-to-Back ......................
21
Side*to-Side ...........................
21
Mower Installation ........................
20
Mower Removal ...........................
20
Tire Care .............................
9,16,23
Slope Guide Sheet ...............................
55
Spark Plugs ........................................
19
Specifications ........................................
3
Starting the Engine .......................
13-14
Steering Wheel .................................... 7,23
Stopping the Tractor .............................. 12
Storage .....................................................
26
T
Throttle Control Cable Adjustment ,,... 24
Tires ...............................................
9,16_23
Trouble Shooting Chart ................... 27-28
Transaxle Repair Parts .................. 46-47
W
Warranty ...................................................
Wiring Diagram ....................................
Wiring Schematic ...................................
3
30
29
ACCE$SORME$ AND ATTACHMENTS
These accessories and attachments were available through most Sears retail outlets and service centers when the tractor was purchased.
Most Sears stores can order these items for you when you provide the model number of your tractor_
ENGINE
SPARK PLUG
MAINTENANCE
GAS CAN
ENGINE OIL
FUEL STABILIZER
AIR FILTER
BLADES
BELTS
%
PERFORMANCE
Sears offers a wide variety of attachments that fit your tractor. Many of these are listed below with brief explanations of how they can help
you, This list was current at the time of publication; however, it may change in future years - more attachments may be added, changes
may be made in these attachments, or some may no longer be available or fit your model. Contact your nearest Sears store for the
accessories and attachments
that are available for your tractor.
Most of these attachments
attaching and detaching
do not require additional hitches or conversion Idts (those that do are indicated) and are designed for easy
AERATOR promotes deep root growth for a healthy lawn_ Tapered 2,5-inch steel spikes mounted on 10-inch diameter discs
_uncture holes in soil at close intervals to let moisture soak in_
tee] weight tray for increased penetration
BAGGER lets you collect grass clippings and leaves for a
healthier, neater looking lawn Two Permanex containers hold
30-gallon plastic bags.
SNOW BLADE for snow removal only. 14-inch high, 48-inch wide
blade clears 42-inch path when angled left or right, Raises, lowers
with side lever_ Ad ustable skids; replaceable, reversible scraper
bar. Use w th t re chains and wheel weights and/or rear drawbar
weight)
SNOWTHROWER has 40-inch swath Drum-type auger handles
powdery and web'heavy snow
Mounts easily with simple pin
arrangement
Discharge chute adjusts from tractorseat
6-inch
diameter spout discharges snow 10 to 50 feel Lift controlled at
tractor seat. (Use with chains and wheel weights and/or rear
drawbar weight )
SPRAYERS use 12-volt DC electric motor that connects to the
tractor battery or other 12-volt source
Includes booms for
automatic spraying and hand held wand for spot spraying. Wand
has adjustable spray pattern_ For applying herbicides, insecticides, fungicides and liquid fertilizers.
BUMPER protects front end of tractor from damage.
CARTS make hauling easy. Variety of sizes available, plus
accessories such as side panel kits, tool caddy, cart cover,
protective mat and dolly,
CORING AERATOR takes small plugs out of soil to allow moisture and nutrients to reach grass roots
36-inch swath
24
hardened steel coring tips, 150 Ib. capacity weight tray,
EASY OIL DRAIN VALVE makes oil changes easier, faster.
FRONT NOSE ROLLER canters in front of mower deck to reduce
chances of "scalping" on uneven terrain
GANG HITCH lets you tow 2 or 3 pull-behind attachments at once,
such as sweepers, dethatchera, aerators (not for use with rollers,
carts or other heavy attachments),
GAUGE WHEELS on both sides of the mower deck reduce
chances of"scalping" on uneven terrain For mower decks not so
equipped.
SPREADER/SEEDERS
make seeding, fertilizing, and weed killing easy. Broadcast spreaders are also useful for granular deicers and sand
SWEEPERS let you collect grass clippings and leaves.
TILLER has 5 hp engine and 36-inch swath to prepare seed beds,
cultivate and compost garden residue, Tiller has its own built-in
lift and depth control system and does NOT require a sleeve hitch.
Fits any lawn, yard or garden tractor. Simply hook up to the tractor
drawbar and go! Optional
accessories
convert unit for
dethatching, aerating, hilling.._withouf tools.
TIRE CHAINS are heavy duty; closely spaced extra-large cross
links give smooth ride, outstanding traction.
TRACTOR CAB has heavy duty vinyl fabric over tubular steel
frame, ABS plastic top; clear plastic windshield offers 360 degree
visibility. Hinged metal doors with catch. Keeps operator warm
and dry Remove vinyl sides and windshields for use as sun
protector in summer. Optional accessories
include: tinted/
tempered solid safety glass windshield with hand operated wiper;
12-volt amber caution light for mounting on cab top.
VACS for powerful collection of heavy grass clippings and leaves.
Optional wand attachment to pick up debris in hard-to-reach
places, VAC/CHIPPER includes a chipper-shredder
WEIGHT BRACKET for drawbar for snow removal applications.
Uses (1) 55 Ib, weight.
MULCH RAKE/DETHATCHER
loosens soil and flips thatch and
matted leaves to lawn surface for easy pickup. Twenty spring tine
teeth. Useful to prepare bare areas for seeding. Available forfront
or rear mounting.
HIGH PERFORMANCE
REEL-ACTION
SPRING TINE DETHATCHER covers 36-inch wide path and
tosses thatch into large hopper. Mounts behind tractor.
MULCHING CLOSE-OUT PLATE KIT, once installed lets you
mulch, discharge or bag clippings (bagger optional) without
changing blades. For models not equipped as 3-in-1 Convertible
mowers, See "MOWER" in the Repair Parts section of this
manual.
RAMP TOPS AND FEET let you load and unload tractor from a
pickup truck
Use with 2 x 8 or 2 x 10 lumber.
ROLLER for smoother lawn surface.
36-inch wide, 18-inch
diameterwater-tight drum holds up to 390 Ibs. of weighL Rounded
edges prevent harm to turf_ Adjustable scraper automatically
cleans drumr
WHEEL WEIGHTS for rear wheels provide needed traction for
snow removal or dozing heavy materials,
5
CONTENTS OF
PACK
Parts Bag contents shown full size
_____
i
i
Parts packed separately in carton
i
(1) Shoulder Bolt
5/16-18
Seat
r-q
(1) }<nob
-_
Video
Cassette
Wheel
Steering
i
Mulcher
Plate
Manual
(1) Washer
17/32 x 1-3/16 x 12 G&
Parts Beg
Parts bag contents not shown full size
(2) Shoulder'
Bolts
(2) Screws #10 x 5/8
©
(2) Centerlock Nuts
(2) LockWashers
J(q
(2) Weld Nuts #10
(2) Washers
3/16 x 3/4 x 16 Gauge
(2) Hex Bolts 1/4-20 x 3/4
@
(2) Washers
9/32 x5/8x 16Ga.
_
Steering
Sleeve
#10
____
x(2)Washers
7/8 x 14 Gauge
3/8
!
LJ
Steering
Wheel
Insert
@
(¢
_(_/)h
4(2)
eG_l
uge
Keys
(2) Hex Nuts 1/4-20
(2) Lock Washers
Assemblies
1/4
Slope Sheet
6
ASSEMBLY
Your new tractor has been assembled at the factory with exception of those parts left unassembied for shipping purpose&
To ensure safe and proper operation of your tractor all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use
the correct tools as necessary to insure proper tightness,,
TOOLS
REQUIRED
FOR ASSEMBLY
STEERING
A socket wrench set will make assembly easier. Standard
wrench sizes are listed.
(2) 7/16" wrenches
3/4" Socket w/drive ratchet
(1) 1/2" wrench
Tire pressure gauge
(t)
Phillips Screwdriver
9/16" wrench
WHEEL
INSERT
HEX LOCKNUT
_
FLATWASHER
STEERING
WHEEL
Utility knife
When right or left hand is mentioned in this manual, it
means when you are in the operating position (seated
behind the steering wheel).
TO REMOVE TRACTOR
UNPACK
FROM CARTON
CARTON
,
Remove all accessible loose parts and parts cartons
from carton (See page 6).
•
Cut, from top to bottom, along lines on all four corners
of carton, and lay panels flaL
,
Remove mower and packing materials.
•
Check for any additional
remove,
loose parts or cartons and
FIG. 1
BEFORE ROLLING TRACTOR OFF SKiD
ATTACH
STEERING
WHEEL
(See
TO ROLLTRACTOR
section
for location
Fig, 1)
Remove Iocknut and large flat washer from steering
shafL
•
Position front wheels of the tractor so they are pointing
straight forwar&
•
Press lift lever plunger and raise attachment lift lever to
its highest position.
o
Release parking brake by depressing clutch/brake
pedal
Place gearshift lever in neutral (N) position,
Roll tractor backwards off ski&
o
Remove banding holding discharge guard up against
tractor,
Slide the steering sleeve over the steering shaft,
Position steering wheel so cross bars are horizontal
(left to right) and slide onto adapter.
•
Secure steering wheel to steering shaft with Iocknut
and large flat washer previously removed, Tighten
securely,
•
Snap steering wheel insert into center of steering
wheel,
°
Remove
protective
materials
from tractor hood and
grill
IMPORTANT:
CHECK FOR AND REMOVE ANY STAPLES
IN SKID THAT MAY PUNCTURE TIRES WHERE TRACTOR
IS TO ROLL OFF SKID.
7
OFFSKID
(See Operation
and function
of controls)
LY
HOW TO SET UP YOUR TRACTOR
CONNECT
BATTERY
INSTALL
(See Fig. 3)
SEAT
Adjust seat before tightening adjustment knob_
(See Fig. 2)
°
Remove cardboard packing on seat pan.
CAUTION: Do not short battery terminals by allowing a wrench or any other
object to contact both terminals at the
same time. Before cormecting battery,
remove metal bracelets, wristwatch
bands, rings, etc.
o
Place seat on seat pan and assemble shoulder boll
°
Assemble adjustment knob and flat washer loosely.
Do not tighten.
•
Lower seat into operating position and sit on seat
Positive terminal must
first to prevent sparking
tal grounding.
•
Slide seat until a comfortable position is reached which
allows you to press clutch/brake pedal all the way
down
Tighten shoulder bolt securely
be connected
from acciden-
Get off seat without moving its adjusted position.
Lift hood to raised position.
Open tem'_inal access doors, lemove terminal protective caps and discard.
If this battery is put into service after month and year
indicated on label (label located between terminals)
charge battery for minimum of one hour at 6-10 arnps.
First connect RED battery cable to positive (+) battery
terminal with hex bolt, flat washer, lock washer and hex
nut as shown Tighten securely
o Connect SLACK grounding cable to negative (-) battery terminal with remaining hex bolt, flat washer, lock
washer and hex nut Tighten securely
Close terminal access doors.
Use terminal access doors for:
Inspection for secure connections (to tighten hardware)
Inspection for corrosion_
,, Testing battery_
,, Jumping (if required).
Periodic charging.
HEX NUT
JISCARD TERMINAL
PROTECTIVE CAPS
LOCK
WASHER
o
Raise seat and tighten adjustment knob securely.
SEAT
SEAT PAN
SHOULDER
BOLT
FLAT WASHER
ADJUSTMENT
KNOB
FIG. 3
FLAT
WASHER
HEX
BOLT
\
CHECK
ACCESS
DOOR
]L
TIRE
PRESSURE
The tires on you rtractor were ovednflated at the factory for
shipping purposes, Correct tire pressure is important for
best cutting performance,
•
Reduce tire pressure to PSI shown in "PRODUCT
SPECIFICATIONS" on page 3 of this manual.
POSITIVE
(RED)
CABLE
CHECK
BRAKE
SYSTEM
After you learn how to operate your tractor, check to see
that the brake is properly adjusted. See "TO ADJUST
BRAKE" in the Service and Adjustments section of this
manual
NEGATIVE
(BLACK)
CABLE
FIG. 2
8
LY
,
INSTALL
r_
MULCHER
PLATE
(See
Figs.
4 and
5)
•
HOOK POINT_
DOWN
WELD NUT
Install two latch hooks to mulcher plate using screw,
washer, lock washer, and weld nut as shown.
NOTE; Pre-assemble weld nut to latch hook by inserting
weld nut from the top with hook pointing down.
LOCK
WASHER
WELD
,
Tighten hardware securely.
•
Raise and hold deflector shield in upright position.
°
•
Place front of mulcher plate over front of mower deck
opening and slide into place, as shown.
Hook front latch into hole on front of mower deck.
o
Hook rear latch into hole on back of mower deck,
NUT
SCREW
LATCH_
HOOK
CAUTION: Do not remove discharge
guard from mower. Raise and hold
guard when attaching mulcher plate
and allow it to rest on plate while in
operation.
TO CONVERT
DISCHARGING
TO BAGGING
_"_'LATCH
HOOK
LOCK
WASHER
WELD
NUT
WASHER
WASHER
MULCHER
PLATE
OR
_""_'SCREW
FIG. 4
Simply remove mulcher plate and store in a safe place.
Your mower is now ready for discharging or installation of
optional grass catcher accessory.
DEFLECTOR
SHIELD
NOTE: It is net necessary to change blades. The mulcher
blades are designed for discharging and bagging also.
LATCH
HOOKS
FIGo 5
9
ASSEMBLY
ASSEt!f_BLE
GAUGE
DECt< (See Fig, 6)
WHEELS
TO
,/CHECKLIS
MOWER
BEFORE YOU OPERATE AND ENJOY YOUR NEW
TRACTOR, WE WISH TO ASSURE THAT YOU RECEIVE
THE BEST PERFORMANCE AND SA TISFAC TION FROM
THIS QUALITY PRODUCT
The gauge wheels are designed to keep the mower deck in
proper position when operating mower. Be sure they are
properly adjusted to ensure optimum mower performance.
•
T
PLEASE REVIEW THE FOLLOWING
Adjust mower to desired cutting height (See "TO ADJU?T MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT" in the Operation
section of this manual)
With mower in desired height of cut position, gauge
wl _eels should be assembled so they are slightly off the
grc,L_nd.Install gauge wheel In appropriate hole with
sh.:_ulder bolt, 3/8 washer, and 3/8-16 Iocknut and
tighten securely
Repeat for opposite side installing gauge wheel in
sanl_ adjustment hole.
CWECKLIST
,/
All assembly instructions have been completed
,/
No remaining loose parts in carton
_"
Batteryis properly prepared and charged.
1 hour at 6 amps).
¢"
Seat is adjusted comfortably and tightened securely
•/
All tires are properly inflated. (Fol shipping purposes,
the tires were overinflated at the factory)
,/
Be sure mower deck is properly leveled side-to-side/
front-to-rear for best cutting results
(Tires must be
properly inflated for leveling).
Check mower and drive belts. Be sure they are routed
properly around pulleys and inside all belt keepers,
v'
(Minimum
¢
Checkwiring
See that all connections are still secure
and wires are properly clamped,
WHILE LEARNING HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR, PAY
EXTRA A TTENTION TO THE FOLLOWING IMPORTANT
ITEMS:
,
GAUGE
WHEEL
MOl
BRACKET
,/
,/
LOCKNUT
31
• SHOULDER
<
GAUGE WHEEL"
BOLT
,/
FIG. 6
,/
10
Engine oi! is at proper level.
Fuel tank is filled with fresh, clean, regular unleaded
gasoline.
Become familiar with all controls - their location and
function. Operate them before you start the engine.
Be sure brake system is in safe operating condition.
OPERATION
These symbols may appear on your tractor or in literature supplied with the produeL Learn and understand their meaning.
÷
BATTERY
CAUTION OR
WARNING
REVERSE
FORWARD
FAST
SLOW
ENGINE ON
ENGINE OFF
OIL PRESSURE
CLUTCH
LIGHTS ON
LIGHTS OFF
FUEL
CHOKE
MOWER HEIGHT
DIFFERENTIAL
LOCK
PARKING BRAKE
LOCKED
UNLOCKED
L
REVERSE
NEUTRAL
HIGH
LOW
PARKING BRAKE
÷
MOWERLI_
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH ENGAGED
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH DISENGAGED
HYDROSTATIC
DANGER, KEEP HANDS AND FEET AWAY
IGNITION
FREE WHEEL
(Hydro Models only)
11
OPERATmON
KN© ,i JYOUR TRACTOR
RE,_[_ THIS OWNER'S
MANUAL
AND SAFETY
RULES
BEFORE
OPERATUNG
YOUR
TRACTOR
Compare the illustrations with your tractor to familiarize yourself with the locations of various controls and adjustments
this manual for future reference_
IGNITION
SWITCH
Save
LIGHT
SWITCH
AMMETER
I'HRO'I-rLE/CHOI(E
CONTROL
\
LIFT LEVER
PLUNGER
ATTACHMENI"
!VER
CLUTCH/
BRAKE
PEDAL
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH LEVER
HEIGHT
ADJUSTMENT
KNOB
GEARSHIFT
LEVER
PARKING
BRAKE
FIG. 7
Our tractors conform to the safety standards of the American National Standards Institute.
GEAR SHIFT LEVER - Selects the speed and direction of
the tractor.
ATTACHiVtENT CLUTCH LEVER: Used to engage the
mower blades, or other attachments mounted to your
tractor
LIGHT SWITCH:
ATTACHMENT LIFT LEVER: Used to raise and lower the
mower deck or other attachments mounted to your tractor.
Turns the headlights on and off.
LIFt LEVER PLUNGER: Used to release attachment lift
lever when changing its position.
THROTTLE/CHOKE CONTROL: Used to control engine
speed.
CLUTCH/BRAKE PEDAL: Used for declutching and braking the tractor and starting the engine.
PARKING BRAKE: Locks clutch/brake pedal into the
brake position,
IGNITION SWITCH: Used for starting and stopping the
engine.
HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT KNOB: Used to adjust the mower
cutting height.
AMMETER: Indicates battery charging (+) or discharging
(-),
12
OPERATaON
!
The operation of any tractor can result in foreign objects thrown into the eyes, which can
resultinsevereeyedamage.
Alwayawearsafetyglassesoreyeshieldswhileoperatingyour
tractor or performing any adjustments or repairs. We recommend a wide vision safety mask
I
|
|
over the spectacles or standard
I{
safety glasses, .............
HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR
_"---_UTION:
Always stop tractor com_
_
pletely, as described above, before leav_
ing the operator's position; to empty
_
grass catcher, etc.
TO SET PARKING
BRAKE
(See Fig. 8)
Your tractor is equipped with an operator presence sensing
switch. When engine is running, any attempt by the
operator to leave the seat without first setting the parking
brake will shut off the engine.
,, Depress clutch/brake pedal into full "BRAKE" position
and hold.
•
Place parking brake lever in "ENGAGED" position and
release pressure from clutch/brake pedal Pedal should
remain in "BRAKE" position. Make sure parking brake
will hold tractor secure.
TO USE THRO'rrLE
CONTROL
(See Fig. 8)
Always operate engine at full throttle_
Operating engine at less than full throttle reduces the
battery charging rate.
Full throttle offers the best bagging and mower performance.
TO MOVE
ATTACHMENT CLUTCH
LEVER "ENGAGED"
POSITION
THROTTLE/
CHOKE
"DISENGAGED"
POSITION
"BRAKE"
POSITION
PARKING
BRAKE
_"ENGAGED"
FORWARD
AND
BACKWARD
(See Fig. 8)
The direction and speed of movement is controlled by the
gearshift {ever_
°
Start tractor with clutch/brake pedal depressed and
gearshift lever in neutral (N) position.
•
Move gearshift lever to desired position.
•
Slowly release clutch/brake pedalto start movemenL
GEARSHIFT
LEVER
IMPORTANT:
BRING TRACTOR TO A COMPLETE STOP
BEFORE SHIFTING
OR CHANGING
GEARS. FAILURE
TO DO SO WILL SHORTEN THE USEFUL LIFE OF YOUR
TRANSAXLE,
"DISENGAGED"
CLUTCHIBRAKEPEDAL
"DRIVE"POSITION
TO ADJUST
_HEIGHT POSITION
ADJUSTMENT
KNOB
MOWER
CUTTING
HEIGHT
(See Fig. 8)
The cutting height iscontrolled by turning the height adjustment knob in desired direction.
o Turn knob clockwise ((_)
to raise cutting heightr
°
Turn knob counterclockwise (F-"_)to
lower cutting
height.
The cutting height range is approximately 1-1/2" to 4'L The
heights are measured from the ground to the blade tip with
the engine not running. These heights are approximate
and may vary depending upon soil conditions, height of
grass and types of grass being mowed.
o The average lawn should be cut to approximately 2-1/2
inches during the coot season and to over 3 inches
during hot months. For healthier and better looking
lawns, mow often and after moderate growth.
°
For best cutting performance, grass over 6 inches in
height should be mowed twice. Make the first cut
relatively high; the second to desired height.
FIG. 8
STOPPING
(See Fig. 8)
MOWER BLADES ,'
Move attachment clutch lever to "DISENGAGED" position.
GROUND DRIVE •
Depress clutch/brake pedal into full "BRAKE" position.
.
Move gearshift lever to neutral (N) position.
ENGINE •
Move throttle control to slow (€_S_,) position.
NOTE: Failure to move throttle control to slow (,_)
position and allowing engine to idle before stopping may
cause engine to "backfire":
.
Turn ignition key to "OFF" position and remove key.
Always remove key when leaving tractor to prevent
unauthorized use_
,,
Never use choke to stop engine_
NOTE: Under certain conditions when tractor is standing
idle with the engine running, hot engine exhaust gases may
cause "browning" of grass. To eliminate this possibility,
always stop engine when stopping tractor on grass areas.
13
OPERATION
TO TRANSPORT
TO OPERATE
IVIOWER (See Fig. 9)
Your tractor is equipped with an operator presence sensing
switch_ Any attempt by the operator to leave the seat with
the engine runningand the attachment clutch engaged wil!
shut off the engine.
o
Select desired height of cut.
o
Lower mower with attachment lift control.
•
Start mower blades by engaging attachment clutch
control
•
TO STOP MOWER BLADES - disengage attachment
clutch control
_
CAUTION: Do not operate th_
without either the entire grass catcher,
on mowers so equipped, or the discharge guar d rn place.
•
When pushing ortowing yourtractor,
lever is in neutral (N) position,
.
Do not push or tow tractor at more than five (5) MPH.
BEFORE STARTING
I
CHECK
P*
FIG. 9
I
o
=
o
°
°
o
•
A
Fig.
15)
Unthread and remove oil fill cap/dipstick; wipe oil off_
Reinsert the dipstick into the tube and rest oil fill cap on
the tube. Do not thread the cap onto the tube. Remove
and read oil level. If necessary, add oil until "FULL"
mark on dipstick is reached_ Do not overfill.
°
For cold weather operation you should change oil for
easier starting (See OIL VISCOSITY CHART in the
Customer Responsibilities section of this manual).
.
To change engine oil, see the Customer Responsibilities section in this manual.
GASOLINE
Fill fuel tank, Use fresh, clean, regular unleaded
gasoline with a minimum of 87 octane. (Use of leaded
gasoline will increase carbon and lead oxide deposits
and reduce valve life). Do not mix oil with gasoline.
Purchase fuel in quantities that can be used within 30
days to assure fuel freshness.
IMPORTANT:
WHEN OPERATING
IN TEMPERATURES
BELOW 32°F(0°C), USE FRESH, CLEAN WINTER GRADE
GASOLINE
TO HELP INSURE GOOD COLD WEATHER
STARTING.
GUARD
TO OPERATE
(See
•
.
DISCHARGE
LEVEL
Check engine oil with tractor on level ground.
ADD
_1
OiL
•
LOW
POSITION
_
ENGINE
THE ENGINE
The engine in your tractor has been shipped, from the
factory, already filled with summer weight oil
_1
/?
be sure gearshift
•
ATTACHMENT
LIFT LEVER
POSITION
HEIGHT
ADJUSTMENT
KNOB
Raise attachment lift to highest position with attachment lift control.,
NOTE: To protect hood from damage when transporting
your tractor on atruck or atrailer, be sure hood is closed and
secured to tractor. Use an appropriate means of tying hood
to tractor (rope, cord, etc.),
"ENGAGED"
POSITION
ATTACHMENT CLUTCH
LEVER "DISENGAGED"
POSITION
o
WARNING:
Experience indicates that alcohol blended
fuels (called gasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can
attract moisture which leads to separation and formation of
acids during storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel
system of an engine while in storage, To avoid engine
problems, the fuel system should be emptied before storage of 30 days or longer. Drain the gas tank, start the
engine and let it run until the fuel lines and carburetor are
empty. Use fresh fuel next season, See Storage Instructions for additional irrformation.
Never use engine or
carburetor cleaner products in the fuel tank or permanent
damage may occur.
ON HILLS
CAUTION:
Do not drive up or down
hills with slopes greater than 15 0 and
I
J
do not drive across any slope.
J
Choose the slowest speed before starting up or down
hills.
Avoid stopping or changing speed on hills.
If slowing is necessary, move throttle control lever to
slower position_
If stopping is absolutely necessary, push clutch/brake
pedal quickly to brake position and engage parking
brake.
Move gearshift lever to 1st gear, Be sure you have
allowed room for tractor to roll slightly as you restart
movement.
Torestart movement, slowly release parking brake and
clutch/brake pedal
Make allturns slowly.
!_)
14
filler neck. Do not overfill. Wipe off any
spdled oil or fuel. De not store, spill or
CAUTION:
to an
bottom
gas tank
use gasoline Fillnear
open of
flame,
OPERATION
o
TO START
ENGINE
(See Fig. 7)
When starting the engine for the first time or if the engine
has run out of fuel, it will take extra cranking time to move
fuel from the tank to the engine.
•
Sit on seat in operating position, depress clutch/brake
pedal and set parking brake.
•
Place gear shift lever in neutral (N) position.
•
Move attachment clutch to "DISENGAGED" position
o
Move throttle control to choke (t\1) posifion_
Note: Before starting, read the warm and cold starting
procedures below.
•
Insertkeyintoignitionandturnkeyclockwiseto"START"
position and release key as soon as engine starts. Do
not run starter continuously for more than fifteen seconds per minute. If the engine does not start after
several attempts, move throttle control to fast (,_)
position, walt a few minutes and try again. If engine still
does not start, move the throttle control back to the
choke (1\1)position and retry.
WARM WEATHER STARTING (50 ° F and above)
•
When engine starts, move thethrottle control to the fast
(,_) position.
°
The attachments and ground drive can now be used. If
the engine does not accept the load, restart the engine
and allow it to warm up for one minute using the choke
as described above_
o
Q
FIG. 10
MULCHING
COLD WEATHER STARTING ( 50 ° F and below)
•
When engine starts, allow engine to run with the
throttle control in the choke (I\l) position until the engine
runs roughly, then move throttle control to fast (=_)
position. This may require an engine warm-up period
from several seconds to several minutes, depending
on the temperature.
•
The attachments can also be used during the engine
warm-up period.
NOTE; If at a high altitude (above 3000 feet) or in cold
temperatures (below 32 F) the carburetor fuel mixture may
need to be adjusted for best engine performance. See "TO
ADJUST CARBURETOR" in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual.
MOWING
o
o
°
,
°
If grass is extremely tall, it should be mowed twice to
reduce load and possible fire hazard from dried clippings. Make first cut relatively high; the second to the
desired heighL
Do not mow grass when it is weL Wet grass will plug
mower and leave undesirable clumps, Allow grass to
dry before mowing
Always operate engine at full throttle when mowing to
assure better mowing performance and proper discharge of material Regulate ground speed by selecting a tow enough gear to give the mower cutting
performance as well as the quality of cut desired.
bV
• hen operating attachments, select a ground speed
that will suit the terrain and give best performance of
the attachment being used.
MOWING
TIPS
IMPORTANT;
FOR BEST PERFORMANGE.
KEEP
MOWER HOUSING FREE OF BUiLT-UP GRASS AND
TRASH_ CLEAN AFTER EACH USE,
TIPS
°
The special mulching blade will recut the grass clippings many times and reduce them in size so that as
they fall onto the lawn they will disperse into the grass
and not be noticed, Also, the mulched grass will
biodegrade quickly to provide nutrients for the lawn.
Always mulch with your highest engine (blade) speed
as this will provide the best recutting action of the
blades,
o
Avoid cutting your lawn when it is wet. Wet grass tends
to form clumps and interferes with the mulching action.
The best time to mow your lawn is the early afternoon.
At this time the grass has dried and the newly cut area
will not be exposed to the direct sun.
For best results, adjust the mower cutting height so that
the mower cuts off only the top one-third of the grass
blades (See Fig, 11). For extremely heavy mulching,
reduce your width of cut and mow slowly.
Certain types of grass and grass conditions may require that an area be mulched a second time to completely hide the clippings. When doing a second cut,
mow across or perpendicular to the first cut path.
Change your cutting pattern from week to week. Mow
north to south one week then change to east to west the
next week_ This will help prevent matting and graining
of the lawn.
o
Tire chains cannot be used when the mower housing
is attached to tractor.
Mower should be properly leveled for best mowing
performance° See "TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING" in
the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.
The left hand side of mower should be used for trim_
ming.
Drive so that clippings are discharged onto the area
that has been cut. Have the cut area to the right of the
machine. This will result in a more even distribution of
clippings and more uniform cutting.
When mowing large areas, start by turning to the right
so that clippings will discharge away from shrubs,
fences, driveways, etc. After one or two rounds, mow
in the opposite direction making left hand turns until
finished (See Fig. 10 )_
•
•
MAX 1/3
15
FIG. 11
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES
AS YOU COMPLETE
R EGU
........
LAR SERVICE
................
CheckBrakeOperation
T
c
CheckTire Pleseure
Checkfor LooseFasteners
/_.,Y_j_
_
6##
6##
SERVIC e DATES
_
_/;
Sharpen/ReplaceMowerBlades
LubricationChart
CheckBatteryLevel/Recharge
o
R
CleanBatteryand Terminals
CheckTransaxleCooling
Adjust Blade Belt(s)
Q/
v'
v'o
Tension
Adjust MotionDrive Belt(s)Tension
Check EngineOil Level
E
ChangeEngineOil
CleanAir Filter
CleanAir Screen
InspectMuffledSparkArrester
ReplaceOil Filter(If equipped)
CleanEngine CoolingFins
v' v'
ReplaceSpark Plug
ReplaceAir Filter PaperCartridge
v'
ReplaceFuel Filter
1 - Change more often when operating under a heavy toad ot In high ambient temperatures
2 - Service mote often when opB_aling in dirty or dusty conditions
3 ,, II equipped with oil filte_ change oi! every 50 hours
4 - Replace blades more olten when mowing In sandy soil
GENERAL
5 - g equipped with adiuslabte system
6 * Not required if equipped with mainlenance-f_ee battery
7 - Tighten front axle pivot bolt to 35 ff -Ibs maximum
Do not overtlghten
LUBRICATION
RECOMMENDATUONS
CHART
®
The warranty on this tractor does not cover items that have
been subjected to operator abuse or negligence_ To
receive full value from the warranty, operator must maintain
tractor as instructed in this manual
®
Some adjustments will need to be made periodically to
properly maintain your tractor.
DLB ZERK ®
FRON1
BEARING
-FRONT WHEEL®
BEARING ZERK
ZERK
All adjustments in the Service and Adjustments section of
this manual should be checked at least once each season.
®
Once a year you should replace the spark plug, clean
or replace air filter, and check blades and belts for
wear, A new spark plug and clean air filter assure
proper air-fuel mixture and help your engine run better
and last longer.
BEFORE
EACH
"_'CLUTCB
PIVOT(S)
O
USE
PIVOTS
Check engine oil level.
.
Check brake operation.
o
•
Check tire pressure
Check for loose fasteners.
(_
SAE 30 OR 10W30 MOTOR OIL
®
GENERAL
PURPOSE GREASE
® REFER TO CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES
"ENGINE" SECTION
IMPORTANT:
DO NOT OIL OR GREASE
THE PIVOT POINTS
WHICH HAVE SPECIAL NYLON BEARINGS
VISCOUS
LUBRICANTS WILL ATTRACT
DUST AND DIRT THAT WILL SHORTEN
THE LIFE OF THE SELF-LUBRICATING
BEARINGS.
IF YOU
FEEL THEY MUST BE LUBRICATED,
USE ONLY A DRY, POW-
16
DERED
GRAPHITE
TYPE
LUBRICANT
SPARINGLY
CUSTOMER RESPONS BIL TUES
NOTE: We do not recommend sharpening blade- but if you
do, be sure the blade is balance&
TRACTOR
Always observe safety rules when performing any maintenance.
BRAKE
TO SHARPEN
If tractor requires more than six (6) feet stopping distance
at high speed in highest gear, then brake must be adjuste&
(See "TO ADJUST BRAKE" in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual),
•
.
Keep tires free of gasoline, oil, or insect control chemicals which can harm rubber.
.
Avoid stumps, stones, deep ruts, sharp objects and
other hazards that may cause tire damage.
•
The blade can be sharpened with a file or on a grinding
wheel Do not attempt to sharpen while on the mower.
Slide blade on to an unthreaded portion of the steel bolt
or pin and hold the bolt or pin parallel with the ground,
If blade is balanced, it should remain in a horizontal
position If either end of the blade moves downward,
sharpen the heavy end until the blade is balance&
NOTE: Do not use a nail for balancing blade, The lobes of
the center hole may appear to be centered, but are not,
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent flat tires due to
slow leaks, tire sealant may be purchased from your local
parts dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry rot and
corrosion,
BLADE
Fig. 13)
To check blade balance, you will need a 5/8" diameter
s|eel bolt, pin, or a cone balancer. (When using a cone
balancer, follow the instructions supplied with balancer)_
TIRES
Maintain proper air pressure in all tires (See "PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
on page 3 of this manual).
(See
Care should be taken to keep the blade balance&
An
unbalanced blade will cause excessive vibration and eventual damage to mower and engine_
OPERATION
•
BLADE
CENTER
HOLE
CARE
For best results mower blades must be kept sharp_ Replace bent or damaged blades,
BLADE
REMOVAL
(See
•
Raise mower to highest position to allow access to
blades.
•
Remove hex bolt, lock washer and flat washer securing
blade,
.
Install new or resharpened blade with trailing edge up
towards deck as shown.
FIG. 13
Reassemble hex bolt, lock washer and flat washer in
exact order as shown.
BATTERY
Your tractor has a battery charging system which is sufficient for normal use However, periodic charging of the
battery with an automotive charger will extend its life.
•
Tighten bolt securely (30-35 Ft. Lbs, torque).
IMPORTANT: BLADE BOLT IS GRADE 8 HEAT TREATED
BLADE
BLADE
5/8" BOLT
OR PIN
Fig. 12)
MANDREL
.
Keep batteryand
terminals clean.
•
Keep battery bolts tighL
o
Keep smallvent
•
Recharge at 6-10 amperes for 1 hour.
holes open.
TO CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS
Corrosion and dirt on the battery and terminals can cause
the battery to "leak" power,
•
TRAILING
FLAT WASHER
_
LOCK WASHER _..
HEX BOLT,
_
Remove terminal guard.
Disconnect BLACK battery cable first then RED battery cable and remove battery from tractor_
EDGE
I
_l
__
(GRADE 8) "__
*A GRADE 8 HEAT TREATED BOLT CAN BE
IDENTIFIED BY SIX LINES ON THE BOLT HEAD.
FIG. 12
17
o
Rinse the battery with plain water and dry.
•
Clean terminals and battery cable ends with wire brush
until brighL
°
Coat terminals with grease or petroleum jelly.
°
Reinstall battery (See "CONNECT
Assembly section of this manual)
BATTERY"
in the
CUSTOMER RESPONS BmLITIES
t=l=l=l,l,i
i
V-BELTS
TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL (See Figs. 14 and 15)
Check V-belts for deterioration and wear after t00 hours of
operation and replace if necessary. The belts are not
adjustable. Replace belts if they begin to slip from wear.
Determine temperature range expected before oil change_
All oil must meet API service classification SF, SG, or SH_
o Be sure tractor is on level surface.
TRANSAXLE
=
•
Oil will drain more freely when warm_
Catch oil in a suitable container_
o
Remove oil fill cap/dipstick. Be careful not to allow dirt
to enter the engine when changing oil.
o
Remove drain plug.
°
After oil has drained completely, replace oil drain plug
and tighten securely.
°
Refill engine with oil through oi! fill dipstick tube. Pour
slowly. Do not overfill For approximate capacity see
"PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS"
on page 3 of this
manual,
COOLING
Keep transaxle free from build-up of dirt and chaff which
can restrict cooling.
ENGINE
LUBRnCATION
Only use high quality detergent oil rated with API service
classification SF, SG, or SH. Select the oil's SAE viscosity
grade according to your expected operating temperature.
SAE VISCQSITY GRADES
Use gauge on oil fill cap/dipstick for checking level
Insert dipstick into the tube and rest the oil fill cap on the
tube, Do not thread the cap onto the tube when taking
r&_d';nng
° t#e_PbOi,saetc_ULawl_e_in d_PeStick.Tighten
-20=
.30 °
0_
.20 _
TEMPERATURE
30"
,1Q_
0o
RANGE ANTICIPATED
10_
20_
30 =
BEFORE NEXT OiL CHANGE
-. COVER KNOB
AIR CLEANER
COVER
FIG. 14
NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils (5W30, 10W30 etco)
improve starting in cold weather', these multioviscosity oils
will result in increased oil consumption when used above
32°F. Check your engine oil level more frequently to avoid
possible engine damage from running low on oil
, WING NUT
FOAM
PRE-CLEANER
Change the oil after every 50 hours of operation or at least
once a year if the tractor is not used for 50 hours in one year.
Check the crankcase oil level before starting the engine
and after each eight (8) hours of operation. Tighten oil fill
cap/dipstick securely each time you check the oil level.
CAP/DIPSTICK
AIR
SCREEN
'RAIN
PLUG
FIG. 15
18
r i
i,.
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILUTmES
CLEAN
AIR SCREEN
(See
Fig. 15)
CLEAN
Air screen must be kept free of dirt and chaff to prevent
engine damage from overheating_ Clean with a wire brush
or compressed air to remove dirt and stubborn dried gum
fibers.
AIR
FILTER
(See
INTAKE/COOLING
AREAS
To insure proper cooling, make sure the grass screen,
cooling fins, and other external surfaces of the engine are
kept clean at all times.
Every 100 hours of operation (more often under extremely
dusty, dirty conditions), remove the blower housing and
other cooling shrouds. Clean the cooling fins and external
surfaces as necessary. Make sure the cooling shrouds are
reinstalled.
Fig. 15)
Your engine will not run properly using a dirty air filter_
Clean the foam pre-cleaner after every 25 hours of operation or every season. Service paper cartridge every 100
hours of operation or every season, whichever occurs firsL
NOTE: Operating the engine with a blocked grass screen,
dirty or" plugged cooling fins, and/or cooling shrouds re°
mov,)d will cause engine damage due to overheating.
Service air cleaner more often under dusty conditions.
o
AIR
Remove knob and cover.
MUFFLER
= Remove wing nut and air cleaner from base.
TO SERVICE PREoCLEANER
Inspect and replace corroded muffler and spark arrester (if
equipped) as it could create a fire hazard and/or damage.
•
Slide foam pre-cleaner off cartridge.
•
Wash It in liquid detergent and water.
SPARKPLUGS
•
Squeeze it dry in a clean cloth°
•
Saturate it in engine oil. Wrap it in clean, absorbent
cloth and squeeze to remove excess oil.
Replace spark plugs at the beginning of each mowing
season or after every 100 hours of operation, whichever
occurs first. Spark plug type and gap setting are shown in
"PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS" on page 3 of this manual
TO SERVICE CARTRIDGE
o
Gently tap the flat side of the paper cartridge to dlslodge dirt. Do not wash the paper cartridge or use
pressurized air, as this will damage the cartridge.
Replace a dirty, bent, or damaged cartridge.
o
Reinstall the pre-cleaner (cleaned and oiled) over the
paper cartridge.
•
Reassemble air cleaner, wing nut, cover and tighten
knob securely.
19
i ....
CUSTOM
ENGINE
OIL FILTER
i ....
RESPONSIBILITIES
(See Fig. 16)
IN-LINE
Replace the engine oilfilter every season or every other oil
change if the tractor is used more than 100 hours in one
year,
°
Drain oil from engine crankcase (See "TO CHANGE
ENGINE OIL" in this section of this manual, through
step remove drain plug).
FUEL
FILTER
(See
Fig. 17)
The fuel filter should be replaced once each seasen_ If fuel
filter becomes clogged, obstructing fuel flow to carburetor,
replacement is required.
o
With engine cool, remove filter and plug fuel line
sections.
=
Remove oil filter and wipe off filter adapter.
Place new fuel filter in position in fuel line with arrow
pointing towards carburetor_
.
Apply a thin coating of new engine oil to the rubber
gasket on replacement oil filter_
Be sure there are no fuel line leaks and clamps are
properly positioned.
.
Install replacement oi! filter on filter adapter= Turn oil
filter clockwise until rubber gasket contacts the filter
adapter, then tighten filter an additional 1/2 turn.
Immediately wipe up any spilled gasoline.
o
Fill crankcase with new oil (See "TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL" in this section of this manual). For approximate capacity see "PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS" on
page 3 of this manual.
=
Start the engine and check for oil leaks. Correct any
leaks before placing engine into full operation.
eLAMP
FUEL
FILTER
FIG, 17
CLEANING
•
Clean engine, battery, seat, finish, etc_ of all foreign
matter.
.
Keep finished surfaces and wheels free of all gasoline,
oil, etc,
.
Protect painted surfaces with automotive type wax.
We do not recommend using a garden hose to clean your
tractor unless the electrical system, muffler, air filter and
carburetor are covered to keep water out. Water in engine
can result in a shortened engine life.,
OIL
FIG. 16
2O
i¸,¸1
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
CAUTION:
•
•
o
•
•
•
ii
BEFORE PERFORMING ANY SERVICE OR ADJUSTMENTS:
Depress clutch/brake pedal fully and set parking brake.
Place gearshift lever in neutral (N) position.
Place attachment clutch in "DISENGAGED"
position.
Turn ignition key "OFF" and remove key.
Make sure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.
Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place wire where it cannot come in contact with
plug.
=
TO REMOVE
_
MOWER
(See
I
I
=
Fig. 18)
Mower wil_be easier to remove from the right side of tractor_
•
°
Place attachment clutch in "DISENGAGED" position_
Move attachment lift lever forward to lower mower to its
lowest position,
•
Roll belt off engine pulley.
°
Disconnect clutch rod from clutch lever by removing
retainer spring.
•
Disconnect anti-sway, bar from chassis bracket by
removing retainer spnng,
°
Disconnect suspension arms from rear deck brackets
by removing retainer springs.
•
Disconnect front links from deck by removing retainer
springs.
•
Raise lift lever to raise suspension arms, Slide mower
out from under tractor,
IMPORTANT;
IF AN ATTACHMENT
MOWER DECK IS TO BE MOUNTED
REMOVE THE FRONT LINKS.
TO INSTALL
MOWER
(See
SPR|NGS
SIDES)
RETAINER
SPRING
ANTI-SWAY
Fig. 18)
Raise attachment lift lever to its highest position.
o
Slide mower under tractor with discharge guard to right
side of tractor_
°
°
Lower lift lever to its lowest position_
Install mower in reverse order of removal instructions.
ENGINE
PULLEY
FRONT
LINK
OTHER THAN THE
ON THE TRACTOR,
•
SPRING
CLUTCH
SUSPENSION
BAR
RETAINER
SPRINGS
(BOTH SIDES)
FIG. 18
21
$ERVJCE
ADJUSTMENTS
Hi
TO LEVEL
MOWER
HOUSING
FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT (See Figs. 21 and 22)
IMPORTANT: DECK MUST BE LEVEL SIDE-TO-SIDE. IF
THE FOLLOWING FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT IS
NECESSARY, BE SURE TO ADJUST BOTH FRONT LINKS
EQUALLY SO MOWER WILL STAY LEVEL SIDE-TOSIDE.
Adjust the mower while tractor is parked on level ground or
driveway.
Make sure tires are properly inflated (See
"PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS" on page 3 of this manual).
If tires are over or underinflated, you wilt not properly adjust
your mower.
To obtain the best cutting results, the mower housing
should be adjusted so that the front is approximately 1/8" to
1/2" lower than the rear when the mower is in its highest
position.
SIDE_TO-SIDE ADJUSTMENT (See Figs. 19 and 20)
.
Raise mower to its highest position_
.
At the midpoint of both sides of mower, measure height
from bottom edge of mower to ground Distance"A" on
both sides of mower should be the same or within 1/4"
of each other.
•
if ad ustment is necessary, make adjustment on one
s de of mower on y.
•
,
Check adjustment on right side of tractor. Measure distance "O" directly in front and behind the mandrel at bottom
edge of mower housing as shown_
•
To raise one side Of mower, tighten lift link adjustment
nut on that side_
Before making any necessary adjustments, checkthat
both front links are equal in length Both links should
be approximately 10-3/8"
°
To lower one side of mower, loosen lift link adjustment
nut on that side.
If links are not equal in length, adjust one link to same
length as other link.
o
NOTE: Each full turn of adjustment nut will change mower
height about 1/8'L
•
To lower front of mower loosen nut "E" on both front
links an equal number of turns.
When distance "D" is 1/8" to 1/2" lower at front than
rear, tighten nuts "F" against trunnion on both front
links.
o
Recheck measurements
after adjusting.
°
BOTTOM EDGE
OF MOWER TO
GROUND
BOTTOM EDGE
OF MOWER TO
GROUND
°
•
--GROUND
To raise front of mower, loosen nut"F" from trunnion on
both front links. Tighten nut "E" on both front links an
equal number of turns,
When distance "D" is 1/8" to 1/2" lower at front than
rear, tighten nut"F" against trunnion on both front links.
Recheck side-to-side adjustment.
LINE--
FIG, 19
SUSPENSION
ARM
FIG. 21
BOTH FRONT LINKS MUST BE EQUAL IN LENGTH
LIFT LINK
ADJUSTMENT
NUT
FIG. 20
NUT "F"_'_
NUT "E"
FRONT_
LINKS
22
_
TRU _INION
FIG. 22
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TO
REPLACE
MOWER
BLADE
DRIVE
BELT
WITH PARKING
(See Fig, 23)
BRAKE "ENGAGED"
The mower blade drive belt may be replaced without tools.
Park the tractor on level surface. Engage parking brake.
BELT REMOVAL •
Remove mower from tractor (See "TO REMOVE
MOWER" in this section of this manual).
•
Work belt off both mandrel pulleys and idler pulleys.
°
Pull belt away from mower.
NUT "A"
JAM NUT
BELT INSTALLATION
,
Install new belt in reverse order of removal.
•
Make sure belt is in al! pulley grooves and inside all belt
guides.
Install mower in reverse order of removal instructions_
MANDREL
PULLEY
IDLER
PULLEYS
FIG. 24
TO REPLACE
MOTION
DRIVE
BELT
(See Fig. 25)
Park the tractor OR level surface. Engage parking brake°
For assistance, there is a belt installation guide decal on
bottom side of left footrest.
•
Remove mower (See "TO REMOVE MOWER" in this
section of this manuaL)
o
Remove upper belt keeper.
°
Remove belt from stationary idler and clutching idler.
°
Pull belt slack toward rear of tractor. Remove belt
upwards from transaxle pulley by deflecting belt keep-
MANDREL
PULLEY
ers,
FIG. 23
TO ADJUST
BRAKE
(See
°
Pull belt toward front of tractor and remove downwards
from around engine pulley.
°
Install new belt by reversing above procedure°
IMPORTANT: MAKE SURE UPPER BELT KEEPER IS
POSITIONED PROPERLY BETWEEN LOCATOR TABS,
Fig. 24)
Your tractor is equipped with an adjustable brake system
which is mounted on the right side of the transaxle.
ENGINE
If tractor requires more than six (6) feet stopping distance
at high speed in highest gear, then brake must be adjusted.
PULLEY
CLUTCHING
IDLER
TASS
LOCATOR
°
Depressclutch/brakepedalandengageparkingbrake.
°
Measure distance between brake operating arm and
nut "A" on brake rod.
STATIONARY
J
If distance is other than 1-1/2", loosen jam nut and turn
nut "A" until distance becomes 1-1/2". Retighten jam
nut against nut "A".
BELT
TRANSAXLE
II -I1, It UPPER
KEEPER
o
Road test tractor for proper stopping distance as stated
above. Read ust if necessary. If stopping distance is
still greater than six (6) feet n highest gear, further
maintenance is necessary. Contact your nearest authorized service center/department.
,OLER
_'_ ,_-- _-_
I
FIG. 25
23
II
TRANSAXLE
JUSTMENT
SHIFTER
(See
Figs.
LINKAGE
26 and
AND
AD-
TO REMOVE
WHEEL
FOR
REPAIRS
(See Fig. 28)
27)
The transaxle should be in neutral when the gear shift lever
is in the neutral (N) (lock gate) position. The adjustment is
preset at the factory; however, if adjustment is needed,
proceed as follows:
o
Block up axle securely.
.
Remove axle cover, retaining ring and washers to allow
wheel removal (rear wheel contains a square key - Do
not lose).
,
o
Make sure transaxle is in neutral (N).
Loosen two Iocknuts on tie rod.
°
=
o
Turn center rod until gearshift lever falls into neutral
lock gate on fender console.
Repair tire and reassemble.
On rear wheels only: align grooves in rear wheel hub
and axle. Insert square key.
=
•
Tighten Iocknuts securely,
Replace washers and snap retaining ring securely in
axle groove
•
Replace axle cover.
,_._....,.-_. GEARSHIFT
'_,
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent flat tires due to
slow leaks, tire sealant may be purchased from your local
parts dealer_ Tire sealant also prevents tire dry rot and
corrosion.
LEVER
_/NEUTRAL
_'_'-.
LOCK GATE
WASHERS
RETAINING
RING
FIG. 26
LOCKNUTS
I
AXLE COVER
SQUARE KEY
(REAR WHEEL ONLY)
CENTER ROD
FIG, 28
TO START ENGINE WITH A WEAK BATTERY
(See Fig. 29)
TIE ROD
CAUTION: Lead-acid batteries generate explosive gaseso Keep sparks, flame
and smoking materials away from batteries.
Always wear eye protection
when around batteries.
TRANSAXLE
./
If your battery is too weak to start the engine, it should be
recharged.
If "jumper cables" are used for emergency
starting, follow this procedure:
IMPORTANT: YOUR TRACTOR IS EQUIPPED WITHA
12 VOLT NEGATIVE GROUNDED SYSTEM. THE OTHER
VEHICLE MUST ALSO BE A 12 VOLT NEGATIVE
GROUNDED SYSTEM. DO NOT USE YOUR TRACTOR
BATTERY TO START OTHER VEHICLES
FIG. 27
TO ADJUST
STEERING
WHEEL
ALIGNMENT
If steering wheel crossbars are not horizontal (left to right)
when wheels are positioned straight forward, remove steering wheel and reassemble per instructions in the Assembly
section of this manual.
FRONT WHEEL
TO ATTACH JUMPER CABLES •
Connect each end of the RED cable to the POSITIVE
(+) terminal of each battery, taking care not to short
against chassis,
•
Connect one end of the BLACK cable to the NEGATIVE (-) terminal of fully charged battery.
TOE-IN/CAMBER
The front wheel toe-in and camber are not adjustable on
your tractor. If damage has occurred to affect the front
wheel toeqn or camber, contact your nearest authorized
service centeddepartment.
24
SERVmCEAND ADJUSTMENTS
•
TO REPLACE
Connect the other end of the BLACK cable to good
CHASSIS GROUND, away from fuel tank and battery_
Replace with 30 amp automotive-type plug-infuse, The
fuse holder is located behind the dash_
TO REMOVE CABLES, REVERSE ORDER •
o
FUSE
BLACK cable first from chassis and then from the fully
charged battery.
RED cable last from both batteries_
TO REMOVE
HOOD
AND
GRILL
ASSEMBLY
(See Fig. 30)
,
Raise hood.
Unsnap headlight wire connector.
,
Standinfrontoftractor.
Grasphoodatsides,tilttoward
engine and lift off of tractor_
To replace, reverse above procedures,
"POSITIVE"
(+)
"NEGATIVE"
(-)
FIG. 29
TO REPLACE
HEADLIGHT
BULB
FIG. 30
°
Raise hood.
•
Pull bulb holder out of the hole in the backside of the
grill.
•
Replace bulb in holder and push bulb holder securely
back into the hole in the backside of the grill
CIosehood_
o
INTERLOCKS
AND
RELAYS
Loose or damaged wiring may cause your tractor to run
poorly, stop running, or prevent it from starting_
°
Check wiring, See electrical wiring diagram in the
Repair Parts section of this manual,
25
RV CE AND ADJUSTMENTS
ENGINE
TO ADJUST
ACCELERATION
THROTTLE
CONTROL
•
CABLE
(See Fig. 31)
The throttle control has been preset at the factory and
adjustrnent should not be necessary. Check adjustment as
described below before loosening cable. If adjustment is
necessary, proceed as follows:
•
With engine not running, move throttle control lever
from slow (_)
to cheke (N) position. Slowly move
lever from choke (N) to fast (-_) position_
.
Check to see if hole in throttle lever and hole in speed
control bracket are aligned.
.
If holes are not aligned, loosen cable clamp screw and
align the holes by inserting a pencil or a 1/4" drill bit
through both holes_
°
Pull throttle cable up to remove slack and tighten cable
clamp screw. Remove alignment pencil or drift bit.
TO ADJUST
CARBURETOR
(See
TEST -
Move throttle control lever from slow (,_) to fast
position_ If engine hesitates or dies, turn idle
adjusting needle out (counterclockwise) 1/8 turn.
peat test and continue to adjust, if necessary,
engine accelerates smoothly.
High speed stop is factory adjusted.
Do not adjust damage may result.
IMPORTANT:
NEVER TAMPER WITH THE ENGINE
GOVERNOR, WHICH IS FACTORY SET FOR PROPER
ENGINE SPEED OVERSPEEDINGTHEENGINEABOVE
THE FACTORY HIGH SPEED SETTING
CAN BE
DANGEROUS IFYOUTHINKTHEENGINE-GOVERNED
HIGH SPEED NEEDS ADJUSTING, CONTACT YOUR
NEAREST
AUTHORIZED
SERVICE
CENTER/
DEPARTMENT, WHICH HAS PROPER EQUIPMENT AND
EXPERIENCE
TO
MAKE
ANY
NECESSARY
ADJUSTMENTS.
CLAMP
CABLE
,_
SCREW_.._.
Fig. 32)
The carburetor has been preset at the factory and adjustment should not be necessary. However, minor adjustment may be required to compensate for differences in fuel,
temperature, altitude or load. If the carburetor does need
adjustment, proceed as foflows:
In general, turning the adjusting needles in (clockwise)
decreases the supply of fuel to the engine giving a leaner
fuel/air mixture. Turning the adjusting needles out (counterclockwise) increases the supply of fuel to the engine giving
a richer fue!/air mixture.
IMPORTANT:
DAMAGE
SEATS IN CARBURETOR
TURNED IN TOO TIGHT
THROTTLE
LEVER
TO THE NEEDLES AND THE
MAY RESULT IF NEEDLE IS
FIG, 31
NOTE: The carburetor on this engine is low emission_ It is
equipped with an idle fuel adjusting needle with a iimiter
cap, which allows some adjustment within the limits allowed
by the cap, Do not attempt to remove the limiter cap. The
limiter cap cannot be removed without breaking the adjusting
needle,
•
Be sure you have a clean air filter and the throttle
control cable is adjusted properly (see above).
=
Start engine and allow to warm for five minutes. Make
adjustments with engine running and shift/motion control
lever in neutral (N) position.
o
Idle speed settinq - With throttle control lever in slow
(_)
position, engine should idle at 1750 RPM. If
engine idles too slow or fast, turn idle speed adjusting
screw in or out until correct idle is attained.
,
Idle fuel needle setting - With throttle control lever in
slow (,_) position, turn idle fuel adjustment needle in
clockwise) until engine begins to die and then turn out
counterclockwise) until engine runsrough. Turn needle
to a point midway between those two positions.
=
(,=_)
fuel
Reuntil
IDLE SPEED
ADJUSTING
SCREW
IDLE FUEL//
ADJUSTING
NEEDLE
FIG= 32
Recheck idle speed_ Readjust if necessary.
26
TROU
PROBLEM
LESHOOTJNG POINTS
CAUSE
CORRECTION
t
2
3
4
5r
6
7,
Out of fuel
Engine not"CHOKED" property
Engine flooded
Badsparkplug
Dttty air filter,
Dirty fuel filter,
Water in fuel
1
Fill fuel tank
2
3
4
5
6
7
8.
9,
Loose or damaged wiring
Carburetor out of adjustment.
8
9
See "TO START ENGINE" In Operation section,
Wait several minutes before attempting to start
Replace spark plug
Clean/replace air filter
Replace fuel tilter
Drain fuel tank and carburetor, refill tank with fresh
gasoline and replace fuel filter
Check all wiring,
See "To Adjust Carburetor" in Service Adjustments
section.
i
Will not start
10
Hard to start
Engine valves out of adjustment
t0
Contact an authorized
service center/department,
1
2,
3,
4
5
6
7
Dirtyair filter
Bad spark plug
Weak or dead battery
Dirty fuel filter
Stale or dirty fuel
Loose or damaged wiring,
Carburetor outof adjustment
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Clean/replace air filter
Replace spark plug
Recharge or replace battery
Replace fuel filter
Drain fuel tank and refill with fresh gasoline
Cbeck all wiring
See "To Adjust Carburetor" in Service Adjustments
section
8.
Engine valvesout of adjustment
8
Contact an authorized
Engine will not turn over
1
2,
3.
4,
5
6,
7,
8,
g.
Clutch/brake pedal not depressed,
Attachment clutchis engaged
Weakor dead battery
Blown fuse
Corroded battery terminals
Loose or damaged wiring
Fautty ignition switch.
Faulty solenoid or starter
Faultyoperator presenceswttch(es),
1
2
3,
4
5
6
7
8
9,
Depress clutch/brake pedal
Disengage attachment clutch,
Recharge or replace battery
Replace fuse
Clean batteryterminals
Check all wtdng
Check/raplace ignition switch,
Check/raplacesolenoid
orstarter,
Contactan authorized service center/depertmentr
Engine clicks but will not
start
1
2,
3,
4_
Weakor dead battery,
Corroded battery terminals
Loose or damagedwldng,
Faulty solenoid or starter.
1
2
3
4
Recharge or replace battery_
Clean battery terminals
Check all wiring
Check/replace solenoid or starter,
Loss of power
1,
2,
3,
4
5,
6
7
8
9
Cutting too much grass/too fast
Throttle_n"CHOKE" position.
Build.up of grass, leaves and trash under mower
Dirty air _ter,
Low oil level/dirty oil
Faulty spark plug
Dirty fuel filter
Stale or dirty fuel
Waterln fuel.
1,
2,
3
4.
5
6
7
8
9,
10 Spark plug wire loose.
11. Dirty engtne air screen/tins,
12 Dirty/clogged muffler.
13, Loose or damaged wtrlng,
14, Carburetor out of adjustment
15
Excessive vibration
1
2
3
Engine valves out of adjustment,
Wom, bentorloose blade
Bentblade mandrel,
Loose/damaged part(s),
Set In "Higher Cut" position/raducespeed,
Adjust throttlecontrol
Clean underside ofmowerhousing
Cleaniraplace air filter,
Check otl leve!/change oil,
Clean and regap or change spark plug,
Replace fuel filter.
Drain fuel tank and refill with fresh gasollneDrain fuel tank and carburetor, refill tank with fresh
gasoline and replace fuel filter,
!0
Connect and tighten spark plug wire
11 Clean engineair screen/fins12 Clean/replace muffler,
13 Check all wiring,
14, See "To Adjust Carburetor" in Service Adjustments
section
15, Contact an authorized service centeddepartment,
1
2
3
27
service center/department
Replace blade Tighten blade bolt,
Replace blade mandrel.
Tightenloose part(s) Replace damaged parts,
TROUBLESHOOTmNG POINTS
PROBLEM
CAUSE
CORRECTION
Engine continues to run
when operator leaves seat
with attachment clutch
1
1
Faulty operator-safety presencecontrolsystem
Check wiring, switches and connections,
if not
corrected, contact an authorized service center/
department
engaged
Poorcut-uneven
1,
2
Worn, bent or loose blad&
Mower desk not level
1
2
Replace blade. Tighten blade bolt
Level mower deck.
3
4
Buildup of grass,, leaves, and trash under mower
Bent blade mandrel
5
Clogged mower deck vent holes from butldup of
grass, leaves, and trash around mandrels
3
4
5
Clean underside otmower housing
Replace blade mandrel
Clean around mandrels to open vent holes
Mower blades will not
rotate
1
Obstruction
1
Remove obstruction
2
3.
4
Worrddamaged mower drive belt
Frozen idler pulley
Frozen blade mandrel
2
3.
4
Replace mower drive belt
Replace Idler putiey
Replace blade mandrel
Poor grass discharge
1,
2
3
4
Engine speed too slow
Travel speed too fast
Wet grass,
Mower deck not level
1.
2
3
4
Place throttle control in "FAST" position
Shift to slower speed.
Allow grass to dry before mowing
Level mower deck
5
6
7
8
Low/uneventire
air pressure,
Worn, bent orloose blade,
Buildup of grass, leaves and trash under mower
Mower drive belt worn
9.
10,
11
Blades improperly installed
Improper blades used
Clogged mower deck vent holes from buildup of
grass, leaves, and trash around mandrels,
in clutch mechanism
5
6.
7
8
9
,10.
'11.
Checktires for proper air pressure.
Replace/sharpen blade, Tighten blade bolt
Clean underside of mower housing
Replace mower ddve belt
Reinstall blades sharp edge down
Replace with blades listed in this manual
Clean around mandrels to open vent holes
i
1
Switch is "OFF"
2
3
4
5
Bulb(s) burnedout
Faulty light switch.
Loose or damaged wldng
Blown fuse.
Battery will not charge
1
2_
3.
4.
Engine "backfires"
when turning engine
"OFF"
1,
Headlight(s) not working
(if so equipped)
1.
2
i 3
Turn switch "ON".
Replace bulb(s).
Check/replace light switch.
4,
5
Checkwidng and connections
Replace fuse.
Bad battery cell(s)
Poor cable connections
Faulty regulator (if so equipped).
Faulty alternator
1
2.
3
4.
Replace battery
Check/clean all connections
Replaceregulator,
Replace attemator.
Engine throttle controlnot set at "SLOW"
position for 30 seconds before stopping engine
1
Move throttle controlto "SLOW" position and allow
to idle for 30 seconds before stopping engine.
28
STORAGE
ENGUNE
Immediately prepare your tractor for storage at the end of
the season or if the tractor will not be used for 30 days or
more,
FUEL SYSTEM
IMPORTANT:
IT IS IMPORTANT
TO PREVENT
GUM
DEPOSITS
FROM
FORMING
IN ESSENTIAL
FUEL
SYSTEM PARTS SUCH AS CARBURETOR,
FUEL FILTER,
FUEL HOSE, OR TANK DURING
STORAGE.
ALSO,
EXPERIENCE
INDICATES
THAT ALCOHOL
BLENDED
FUELS (CALLED GASQHOL
OR USING ETHANOL
OR
METHANOL)
CAN ATTRACT MOISTURE
WHICH LEADS
TO SEPARATION
AND FORMATION
OF ACIDS DURING
STORAGE
ACIDIC
GAS CAN DAMAGE
THE FUEL
SYSTEM OF AN ENGINE WHILE IN STORAGE
CAUTION: Never store the tractor with
gasoline in the tank inside a building
where fumes may reach an open flame
or spark. Allow the engine to cool
before storing in any enclosure.
TRACTOR
Remove mower from tractor for winter storage. When
mower is to be stored for a period of time, clean it thoroughly, remove all dirt, grease, leaves, etc, Store in a
clean, dry area.
o
Clean entire tractor (See"CLEANING" in the Customer
Responsibilities section of this manual).
•
Inspect and replace belts, if necessary (See belt replacement instructions in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual).
°
Lubricate as shown in the Customer Responsibilities
section of this manual
,
Be sure that al! nuts, bolts and screws are securely
fastened. Inspect moving parts for damage, breakage
and wear. Replace if necessary,
o
Touch up all rusted or chipped paint surfaces; sand
lightly before painting,
Fully charge the battery for storage.
•
After a period of time in storage, battery may require
recharging.
•
To help prevent corrosion and power leakage during
long periods of storage, battery cables should be
disconnected and battery cleaned thoroughly (see'qO
CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS" in the Cus _
tomer Responsibilities section of this manual).
Drain the fuel tank.
o
Start the engine and let it run until the fuel lines and
carburetor are empty,
o
Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in the
fuel tank or permanent damage may occur,
Use fresh fuel next season.
NOTE:
Fuel stabilizer is an acceptable alternative in
minimizing the formation of fuel gum deposits during storage_ Add stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or storage
container., Always follow the mix ratio found on stabilizer
container. Run engine at least tO minutes after adding
stabilizer to allow the stabilizer to reach the carburetor. Do
not drain the gas tank and carburetor if using fuel stabilizer,
ENGnNE OIL
Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace with clean engine
oil. (See "ENGINE" in the Customer Responsibilities
section of this manual),
BATTERY
,
o
CYLINDERS
Remove spark plug(s)
•
Pour one ounce of oil through spark plug hole(s) into
cylinder(s),
•
Turn ignition keyto"START"
to distribute oil
o
Replace with new spark plug(s).
position for a few seconds
°
After cleaning, leave cables disconnected and place
cables where they cannot come in contact with battery
terminals.
°
Be sure battery drain tube is securely attached.
°
Do not store gasoline from one season to another_
•
If battery is removed from tractor for storage, do not
store battery directly on concrete or damp surfaces_
•
Replace your gasoline can if your can starts to rusL
Rust and/or dirt in your gasoline will cause problems.
OTHER
If possible, store your tractor indoors and cover it to
give protection from dust and dirt,
•
Cover your tractor with a suitable protective cover that
does not retain moisture. Do not use plastic. Plastic
cannot breathe which altows condensation to form and
will cause your tractor to rust,
IMPORTANT: NEVER COVER TRACTOR WHILE ENGINE
AND EXHAUST AREAS ARE STILL WARM,
29
SERVICE NOTES
3O