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The Best There Is
®
03-241-BFA/BPS OM Cover
BPS
PUMP SHOTGUN
O W N E R ’ S
M A N U A L
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THANK YOU FOR CHOOSING A
BROWNING BPS SHOTGUN.
The BPS has a proven design that incorporates the best of
Browning workmanship and rugged dependability. The
Browning BPS offers the same pride of ownership that one
receives from any of our fine shotguns. With a reasonable
amount of care your BPS pump shotgun should give you
many years of enjoyable service.
This owner’s manual covers the 10, 12, 20, 28 gauge and
.410 bore shotguns. Please feel free to write us immediately
if you have any observations regarding the gun’s performance
and operation.
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YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR
FIREARMS SAFETY
As a gun owner, you accept a set of demanding responsibilities. How
seriously you take these responsibilities can be the difference between
life and death.
There is no excuse for careless or abusive handling of any firearm. At
all times handle all firearms with intense respect for their power and
potential danger.
PLEASE READ AND UNDERSTAND ALL OF THE CAUTIONS, PROPER
HANDLING PROCEDURES AND INSTRUCTIONS OUTLINED IN THIS OWNER’S
MANUAL BEFORE USING YOUR NEW FIREARM.
1 ALWAYS KEEP THE MUZZLE OF YOUR SHOTGUN POINTED IN A SAFE
DIRECTION even though you are certain it is unloaded. Never point
any firearm at anything you do not intend to shoot. Be extremely
alert and aware of all persons and property within the range of
your ammunition.
2 NEVER RELY TOTALLY ON YOUR SHOTGUN’S MECHANICAL “SAFETY”
DEVICE. The word “safety” describes a gun’s trigger block mechanism,
sear block mechanism, hammer block mechanism or firing pin block
mechanism. These mechanical devices are designed to place your gun
in a SAFER status. No guarantee can be made that the gun will not fire
even if the “safety” is in the “on safe” position. See “Operation of the
Safety” on page 9 for instructions on operation of this gun’s “safety.”
LIKE ANY MECHANICAL DEVICE, A “SAFETY” CAN SOMETIMES FAIL;
IT CAN BE JARRED OR INADVERTENTLY MANIPULATED INTO AN
UNSAFE CONDITION. Mechanical “safeties” merely aid safe gun
handling and are no excuse for pointing your shotgun’s muzzle in
an unsafe direction.
While it is a good idea to “test” your shotgun’s mechanical “safeties”
periodically for proper function, NEVER TEST THE “SAFETY” WHILE
YOUR FIREARM IS LOADED OR POINTED IN AN UNSAFE DIRECTION.
Safe gun handling does not stop with your gun’s mechanical “safety”
devices — it starts there. Always treat this shotgun with the respect
due a loaded, ready-to-fire firearm.
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3 WHENEVER YOU HANDLE ANY FIREARM, OR HAND IT TO SOMEONE,
ALWAYS OPEN THE ACTION IMMEDIATELY. VISUALLY CHECK YOUR
SHOTGUN’S CHAMBER. Make certain it does not inadvertently contain
any ammunition. Always keep the chamber empty and the safety in the
“on safe” position unless shooting is imminent.
4 DO NOT TRANSPORT ANY FIREARM LOADED. Keep all firearms unloaded
during transport, whether stored in a holster, gun case, scabbard or
other container.
5 HUNTING FROM ELEVATED SURFACES SUCH AS TREE STANDS IS
DANGEROUS. Doing so may increase the risk of handling any firearm.
The following rules should always be observed by you and those you
hunt with: Always make certain that the stand being used is safe and
stable. Always make certain that your firearm is unloaded when it is
being taken up and down from the stand. Always make certain that
your firearm is not dropped from the stand, or dropped while it is
being taken up or down from the stand. Remember, a loaded firearm
may discharge when dropped.
6 BEWARE OF BARREL OBSTRUCTIONS. Do this for the safety of both your
gun and yourself. Mud, snow, and an infinite variety of other objects
may inadvertently lodge in a barrel bore. It takes only one small
obstruction to cause dangerously increased pressures that may damage
your gun and cause injury to yourself and to others.
BEFORE CHECKING FOR A BARREL OBSTRUCTION, BE CERTAIN NO LIVE
ROUNDS ARE IN THE CHAMBER. PLACE THE “SAFETY” IN THE “ON
SAFE” POSITION. After assuring yourself that the firearm is
completely unloaded, again, open the breech or action and look
through the barrel to be sure they are clear of any obstruction. If an
obstruction is seen, no matter how small it may be, clean the bore
with a cleaning rod and patch as described later in “Cleaning and
Maintenance Suggestions” on page 23. Before the first firing, clean
the bore with a cleaning rod and patch, and wipe away any anti-rust
compounds in the action/chamber areas.
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7 ALWAYS UNLOAD YOUR SHOTGUN WHEN NOT IN USE. As a safety
precaution, it is preferable to disassemble your gun for storage. Store
your firearm and ammunition separately –– well beyond the reach of
children. Take all safeguards to ensure your shotgun does not become
available to untrained, inexperienced or unwelcome hands.
8 USE THE PROPER AMMUNITION. The barrel and action of this shotgun
has been made with substantial safety margins over the pressures
developed by established American commercial loads. Nevertheless,
we can assume no liability for incidents which occur through the use
of shotshells of nonstandard dimensions which develop pressures in
excess of commercially available ammunition which has been loaded
in accordance with standards established by the Sporting Arms and
Ammunition Manufacturer’s Institute (SAAMI).
BE ALERT TO THE SIGNS OF AMMUNITION MALFUNCTION. IF YOU
DETECT AN OFF SOUND OR LIGHT RECOIL WHEN A CARTRIDGE IS
FIRED, DO NOT LOAD ANOTHER CARTRIDGE INTO THE CHAMBER.
Open the action and remove all the shells from the chamber. Glance
down the barrels to make sure that a wad or other obstruction does
not remain in the barrel. Completely clear the barrel before loading
and firing again. Failure to follow these instructions can cause
extensive damage to your gun and possible serious injury to yourself
and others.
Make sure of adequate ventilation in the area that you discharge a
firearm. Wash hands thoroughly after exposure to ammunition or
cleaning a firearm.
Lead exposure can be obtained from discharging firearms in poorly
ventilated areas, cleaning firearms or handling ammunition. Lead is a
substance that has been known to cause birth defects, reproductive
harm and other serious injury.
9 NEVER INSERT A SHELL OF THE INCORRECT GAUGE IN ANY SHOTGUN.
The gauge of your shotgun is marked on the side of the barrel. Store
all shells of different gauges in completely separate and well-marked
containers. Never store shells of mixed gauges in a common container
or in your pockets.
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EXAMINE EVERY SHELL YOU PUT IN YOUR GUN. DO NOT PUT A 20
GAUGE SHELL IN A 12 GAUGE GUN. DO NOT PUT A 28 GAUGE SHELL
IN A 20 GAUGE GUN. DO NOT PUT A .410 BORE SHELL IN A 28 GAUGE
GUN. NEVER PUT METALLIC CARTRIDGES OF ANY KIND IN A SHOTGUN.
SPECIFICALLY, NEVER PUT CENTERFIRE RIFLE OR PISTOL CARTRIDGES IN
A SHOTGUN CHAMBERED FOR .410 BORE. FAILURE TO FOLLOW THIS
WARNING MAY RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY TO YOU AND TO OTHERS.
The most certain way to bulge or rupture a shotgun barrel is to load
a smaller gauge shell into a larger gauge chamber. The smaller gauge
shell will not fall completely through the barrel; its rim is caught by
the front of a larger gauge chamber or at the larger gauge’s choke.
Your gun will misfire (with the chamber appearing to be empty). It is
then possible to load the correct gauge shell behind the smaller gauge
shell. If the gun is then fired, the result will be a so-called “12-20,
20-28 or 28-.410 burst” which can cause extensive damage to your
gun and possible serious injury to you and others.
10 USE SHELLS OF THE CORRECT LENGTH. Do not use 3" or 31⁄2" shells
in a barrel with a 23⁄4" or 21⁄2" chamber, or 31⁄2" shells in a barrel with
a 3" chamber. Doing so can result in a buildup of dangerously high
pressures that may damage your gun and possibly cause serious
injury to yourself or others. The size of the chamber is inscribed on
the side of the barrel.
11 DO NOT SNAP THE FIRING PIN ON AN EMPTY CHAMBER — THE
CHAMBER MAY NOT BE EMPTY! Treat every gun with the respect due
a loaded gun, even though you are certain the gun is unloaded.
12 KEEP YOUR FINGERS AWAY FROM THE TRIGGER WHILE UNLOADING
OR LOADING, UNTIL YOU ARE READY TO SHOOT.
13 BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET AND BACKSTOP. Particularly during low
light periods. Know the range of your ammunition. Never shoot at
water or hard objects.
14 ALWAYS UNLOAD YOUR SHOTGUN’S CHAMBERS BEFORE CROSSING A
FENCE, CLIMBING A TREE, JUMPING A DITCH OR NEGOTIATING OTHER
OBSTACLES. Never lean or place any loaded firearm on or against a
fence, tree, car, or other similar object.
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15 WEAR EYE AND EAR PROTECTION WHEN SHOOTING. Unprotected,
repeated exposure to gunfire can cause hearing damage. Wear ear
protectors (shooting ear plugs or muffs) to guard against such
damage. Wear shooting glasses to protect your eyes from flying
particles. Always keep a safe distance between the muzzle of your
firearm and any persons nearby, as muzzle blast, debris and ejecting
shells could inflict serious injury. Also, wear eye protection when
disassembling and cleaning any firearm to prevent the possibility
of springs, spring-tensioned parts, solvents or other agents from
contacting your eyes.
16 DROPPING OR JARRING A LOADED GUN CAN CAUSE AN ACCIDENTAL
DISCHARGE. This can occur even with the “safety” in the “on safe”
position. Be extremely careful while hunting or during any shooting
activity to avoid dropping any firearm.
17 IF YOUR GUN FAILS TO FIRE, KEEP THE MUZZLE POINTED IN A
SAFE DIRECTION. Hold this position for a minimum of 30 seconds.
Carefully open the action and remove the shotshell. If the primer is
indented, the shell should be disposed of in a way that cannot cause
harm. If the primer is not indented, your firearm should be examined
by a qualified gunsmith and the cause of the malfunction should be
corrected before further use.
18 BE DEFENSIVE AND ON GUARD AGAINST UNSAFE GUN HANDLING
AROUND YOU AND OTHERS. Don’t be timid when it comes to gun
safety. If you observe other shooters violating any of these safety
precautions, politely suggest safer handling practices.
19 BE CERTAIN YOUR SHOTGUN IS UNLOADED BEFORE CLEANING.
Because so many gun accidents occur when a firearm is being
cleaned, special and extreme care should be taken to be sure your
gun is unloaded before disassembly, cleaning and reassembly.
Keep ammunition away from the cleaning location. Never test
the mechanical function of any firearm with live ammunition.
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20 TEACH AND SUPERVISE FIREARMS SAFETY TO ALL MEMBERS OF
YOUR FAMILY — ESPECIALLY TO CHILDREN AND NON-SHOOTERS.
Closely supervise newcomers to the shooting sports. Encourage
enrollment in hunting/shooting safety courses.
21 NEVER DRINK ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES OR TAKE ANY TYPE OF DRUGS
BEFORE OR DURING SHOOTING. Your vision and judgment could be
dangerously impaired, making your gun handling unsafe to you and
to others.
22 READ AND HEED ALL WARNINGS in this owner’s manual, on
ammunition boxes and with all accessories that you install on your
firearm. It is your responsibility to secure the most up-to-date
information on the safe handling procedures of your Browning gun.
We assume no liability for incidents which occur when unsafe or
improper gun accessories or ammunition combinations are used.
23 PRACTICE PERIODIC MAINTENANCE — AVOID UNAUTHORIZED SERVICING.
Your firearm is a mechanical device which will not last forever, and as
such, is subject to wear and requires periodic inspection, adjustment
and service. Browning firearms should be serviced by a Browning
recommended service facility or by Browning’s service facility in
Arnold, Missouri. We cannot assume any responsibility for injuries
suffered or caused by unauthorized servicing, alterations or
modifications of Browning firearms.
DO NOT, UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES, ALTER THE TRIGGER, SAFETY
OR OTHER PARTS OF THE FIRING MECHANISM OF THIS OR ANY OTHER
FIREARM. FAILURE TO OBEY THIS WARNING MAY RESULT IN INJURY
OR DEATH TO YOURSELF OR OTHERS.
BE CAREFUL!
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FIGURE 1
Butt
Stock
Safety
Receiver
Rib
Barrel
Muzzle
Forearm
Release Button
Trigger
Magazine Cap
N O M E N C L AT U R E
In conventional gun terminology, the position and movement of gun
parts are described as they occur with the gun horizontal and in
normal firing position; i.e. the muzzle is forward or front; the
buttstock is rearward or rear; the trigger is downward or underneath;
the sight is upward or on top. For general parts nomenclature refer to
Figure 1. The BPS also is shown disassembled to the extent necessary
in order to follow instructions contained in this book (Figure 1A).
G E N E R A L O P E R AT I O N
The Browning BPS shotgun is a manually operated, slide action, repeating
shotgun. The release mechanism is operated by moving the slide (forearm)
in a rearward motion, followed by a forward motion. This action unlocks
the breechblock, extracts and ejects the fired shell casing, transfers a live
shell from the magazine to the chamber and re-locks the breechblock. The
BPS is loaded from the bottom of the receiver and fired shell casings are
ejected from a bottom ejection port. Bottom loading and ejection makes
the BPS ambidextrous. The BPS is designed so that the barrel can be easily
removed by unscrewing the magazine cap from the magazine tube and
then sliding the barrel forward out of the receiver. This facilitates cleaning,
transportation and storage.
SERIAL NUMBER
8
The serial number of your BPS shotgun is found on the right side
of the receiver, at the bottom, near the front — just above the
ejection/loading port.
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FIGURE 1A
Receiver
Ejection Port
Carrier
Forearm
Three-shot adapter plug
Magazine Cap
Barrel Tab
Barrel
Extension
O P E R AT I O N O F
THE “SAFETY”
Barrel
Guide Ring
FIGURE 2
Barrel
FIGURE 2A
The thumb “safety” is
located on the top rear
portion of the receiver.
To move the “safety” to
the “on safe” position
press the “safety”
Safety shown in the “off safe”
“Safety” shown in the
rearward with your
position with red warning dot
“on safe” position.
thumb so that the red
showing.
warning dot is covered
(Figure 2). To move the “safety” to the “off safe,”position, press the
thumb “safety” forward with your thumb, exposing the red warning
dot, indicating that the gun is ready to fire (Figure 2A).
NOTE: Do not depend on the red color alone to indicate your gun’s
safety status, as time, exposure to the elements, as well as the abrasive
action of cleaning agents can erase it.
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INITIAL CLEANING
PLEASE TAKE NOTE OF THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION BEFORE CLEANING
YOUR SHOTGUN.
C L E A N I N G PA RT S W I T H S P E C I A L F I N I S H E S
Be especially careful when cleaning guns with camouflage,
Dura-Touch® Armor Coating and other special finishes. Always
prevent these surfaces from coming in contact with cleaning solvents,
barrel scrubbers and other strong chemicals. It is preferable to clean
these surfaces with a light gun oil containing no solvents or with a
damp cloth and mild dish soap (be sure to keep water out of the
action). When cleaning your firearm’s bore and action, protect the
external finishes from any contact with chemicals used. Also, avoid
any contact between external finishes and other strong chemicals like
those found in DEET-containing insect repellents, sunscreens, etc.
Damage to camouflage, Dura-Touch and other finishes caused by
chemicals is irreversible and unrepairable.
CLEANING
Various exposed metal parts of your new BPS have been coated at the
factory with a rust-preventative compound. Before assembling your
BPS, clean the anti-rust compound from the inside of the barrel,
receiver and the action/chamber areas. A light, fine oil is ideal for
removing this compound and for giving your new gun its first
lubrication. Clean the barrel using a cleaning rod and patch as
explained under “Cleaning and Maintenance Suggestions” page 23.
AMMUNITION
All current 12 and 20 gauge and .410 bore BPS models have a 3"
chamber (except the 31⁄2" 12-gauge model) and are designed to shoot
and function with all factory loads: 3" Magnum, 23⁄4" Magnum, 23⁄4"
High Velocity loads, 23⁄4" Field and 23⁄4" Target loads. The 31⁄2" model is
designed to shoot all 31⁄2", 3" and 23⁄4" shells. The 10 gauge BPS is
chamber for 31⁄2" loads and the 28 gauge BPS is chambered for 23⁄4"
loads only. The BPS is especially suited to shooting factory steel shot
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loads. Loads of the proper gauge can be intermixed in the magazine,
in any order. The length of the chamber is designated on the right side
of the barrel (toward the chamber).
The rifled choke tube is specially designed for shooting Foster or
Sabot type slugs.
We can assume no responsibility for incidents which occur through
the use of cartridges of nonstandard dimension or those developing
pressures in excess of SAAMI (Sporting Arms and Ammunition
Manufacturer's Institute) established standards.
CAUTION: SOME EARLIER BPS MODELS HAD A 2 3⁄4" CHAMBER ONLY.
IF THE BARREL IS STAMPED 2 3⁄4" ONLY, USE 2 3⁄4" SHELLS ONLY. DO NOT USE
3 1⁄2" SHELLS IF THE BARREL IS STAMPED 3" OR 2 3⁄4" SHELLS ONLY. DOING
SO CAN RESULT IN A BUILD-UP OF DANGEROUSLY HIGH PRESSURES THAT
MAY DAMAGE YOUR GUN AND POSSIBLY CAUSE SERIOUS INJURY TO
YOURSELF OR OTHERS.
SLIDE RELEASE BUTTON
When the slide on the BPS is positioned fully forward it locks into
position, closing and locking up the breechblock. It is necessary to
release it — allowing the slide to be pulled rearward — in order to
follow normal shooting procedures and assembly as outlined in
“Assembly” on page 12. The
FIGURE 3
button is located on the left side
of the trigger guard, at the rear,
behind the trigger (Figure 3).
To release the slide, apply
rearward pressure on the slide
while simultaneously pushing up
on the slide release button. The
button moves upward and slightly
to the rear when depressed.
If you are a right-handed shooter,
reach under the rear of the trigger
guard, to the opposite side –– with
Apply rearward pressure on the slide while
simultaneously pushing upward on the slide
release button.
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your finger and push up on the
button. Left-handed shooters
simply lift up on the button with
your trigger finger. Specific uses
of the slide release button are
outlined in the following sections.
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FIGURE 4
A S S E M B LY
The BPS is delivered, in the box,
Push the forearm forward until the rear of the
with the barrel removed and the
forearm is even with the front of the receiver.
forearm still attached to the
magazine tube. WARNING: IT IS IMPORTANT TO FOLLOW THE EXACT
SEQUENCE FOR ASSEMBLY IN STEPS 1 AND 2, IN ORDER TO PROPERLY
ASSEMBLE YOUR BPS. ALWAYS PLACE THE “SAFETY” IN THE “ON SAFE”
POSITION BEFORE BEGINNING ASSEMBLY PROCEDURES.
1 Remove the magazine cap. Depress the slide release and pull the
forearm completely to the rear-most position.
2 Hold the stock/receiver in a horizontal position with the ejection port
down. Then, with the forearm already in the fully rearward position,
push the forearm forward until the rear of the forearm is even with
the front of the receiver (Figure 4).
FIGURE 5
FIGURE 6
Barrel Stabilizing
Lock Washer
Beveled Surface
Magazine Cap
Barrel
Forearm
Magazine Tube
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Be sure the barrel tab aligns with and enters
the recess in the front, upper surface of
the receiver.
Barrel
Guide Ring
Barrel Stabilizing
Split Ring
Place the barrel stabilizing lock washer on top
of the barrel stabilizing split ring.
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NOTE: In order to introduce the barrel extension into the receiver,
the carrier must be lowered. To effectively lower the carrier, the
forearm must be moved completely to the rear first. Then, the
forearm must be partially moved forward (as detailed in Step 2) so
that the barrel extension will not bind against the carrier. With the
ejection port downward, the bolt will retain the carrier in a position
low enough to allow easy insertion of the barrel.
3 Before attaching the barrel, be sure to glance through the bore to be
sure it is clear of any obstructions.
4 With the forearm positioned as explained in Step 2, insert the barrel
extension into the receiver. Move the barrel rearward, guiding the
barrel guide ring over the magazine tube. The barrel tab projects
from the most rearward rib post on the top of the barrel. Be sure the
barrel tab aligns with and enters the recess in the front, upper surface
of the receiver (Figure 5).
IMPORTANT: BPS Deer and Turkey guns are shipped with a barrel
stabilizing split ring and a barrel stabilizing lock washer on the
magazine tube. This special design ensures a very rigid barrel
mounting method for maximum accuracy. You must remove the
barrel stabilizing ring and washer from the magazine tube before
installing the barrel. After mounting the barrel to the action, slide the
barrel stabilizing split ring on the magazine tube, being sure that the
beveled surfaces of both the split ring and the guide ring match. Place
the lock washer on top of the split ring (Figure 6).
5 Replace the magazine cap. Assembly is completed.
D I S A S S E M B LY
BEFORE STARTING DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURES, VISUALLY INSPECT THE
CHAMBER, FEED MECHANISM AND MAGAZINE TO BE ABSOLUTELY CERTAIN
THE SHOTGUN IS COMPLETELY UNLOADED. BE CERTAIN THE “SAFETY” IS
IN THE “ON SAFE” POSITION. POINT THE BARREL IN A SAFE DIRECTION.
1 Place the slide in its forward position. Unscrew the magazine cap and
remove it.
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2 Holding the receiver in one hand, and the barrel in the other, ease the
barrel forward off the magazine tube and out of the receiver.
IMPORTANT: On BPS Deer and Turkey guns it is necessary to
first remove the barrel stabilizing lock washer and split ring before
removing the barrel.
3 No further disassembly for normal maintenance is suggested.
THREE SHOT ADAPTER/MAGAZINE CAPACITY
The BPS shotgun, in all gauges, is delivered with the magazine three
shot adapter (plug) installed in the magazine, limiting magazine
capacity to two shells in compliance with federal migratory bird
regulations. If you do not wish to be limited to three shots — when
it is not required by law — you can remove (or reinstall) the three
shot adapter (plug) as follows:
ALWAYS WEAR PROTECTIVE SAFETY GLASSES DURING THIS OPERATION.
1 First, make certain the “safety” is in the “on safe” position and the
gun is totally unloaded. CHECK THE MAGAZINE, FEED MECHANISM
AND CHAMBER TO BE SURE THEY DO NOT CONTAIN ANY SHELLS .
2 Unscrew the magazine cap and remove it.
3 The magazine three shot adapter
lays on top of the magazine
spring retainer located in the
forward end of the magazine
tube and is only held in the
magazine tube by the magazine
cap. Simply pull the three shot
adapter out of the magazine tube
with your fingers to remove
(Figure 7). (You may also hold
the shotgun upside down to
make it slide out.)
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FIGURE 7
Pull the three shot adapter out of the magazine
tube with your fingers.
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4 Reinstall the magazine cap. With the magazine adapter removed, the
BPS pump shotgun has a total capacity of five 23⁄4" loads (four in the
magazine and one in the chamber), and a total capacity of four 3" or
31⁄2" magnum shells (three in the magazine and one in the chamber).
Magazine capacity with the three shot adapter installed is two 23⁄4",
3"or 31⁄2" shells.
IF THE BARREL IS STAMPED 2 3⁄4" ONLY, USE 2 3⁄4" SHELLS ONLY. DO
NOT USE 3 1⁄2" SHELLS IF THE BARREL IS STAMPED 3" OR 2 3⁄4" SHELLS
ONLY. DOING SO CAN RESULT IN A BUILD-UP OF DANGEROUSLY HIGH
PRESSURES THAT MAY DAMAGE YOUR GUN AND POSSIBLY CAUSE
SERIOUS INJURY TO YOURSELF OR OTHERS.
If, at some future time, you wish to limit your gun to three shots
again, unscrew the magazine cap and insert the three shot adapter.
Replace the magazine cap.
LOADING
AT ALL TIMES DURING THE LOADING AND FIRING PROCEDURE, BE SURE
YOUR MUZZLE IS POINTING IN A SAFE DIRECTION AND THE “SAFETY” IS
IN THE “ON SAFE” POSITION.
With the slide fully forward, insert a shell, nose first, through the
bottom ejection port into the rear
FIGURE 8
of the magazine tube against the
magazine spring follower until the
rim of the shell slips in front of the
cartridge stop (Figure 8). Load
additional shells in the same
manner until the magazine is full.
To load a shell from the magazine
to the chamber, depress the slide
release and cycle the slide. Another
shell can then be loaded into the
a shell nose first through the bottom
magazine. Test locking of the breech- Press
ejection port into the rear of the magazine tube
block by attempting to retract the
until the rim of the shell slips in front of the
cartridge stop.
slide. The slide should not retract.
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FIRING
With the chamber loaded, all that
is necessary to fire the gun is to push the thumb “safety” forward
to the “off safe” position (red warning dot exposed) and pull the
trigger. The action of the hammer falling unlocks the slide.
Consequently, after firing, it is not necessary to depress the slide
release in order to draw the slide rearward. Simply draw the slide
rearward to extract and eject the spent case; push it forward to feed
a live round from the magazine to the chamber.
AFTER SHOOTING, IMMEDIATELY PLACE THE “SAFETY” IN THE
“ON SAFE” POSITION.
UNLOADING
AT ALL TIMES DURING UNLOADING PROCEDURES, BE SURE YOUR MUZZLE
IS POINTING IN A SAFE DIRECTION AND THE “SAFETY” IS IN THE “ON
SAFE” POSITION.
With the “safety” in the “on safe” position, invert the gun (ejection
port up). The slide (forearm) should be in the forward position.
Reach down inside the ejection/loading port and depress the projection
on the cartridge stop (Figure 9). The cartridge stop is located on the
right side of the receiver cavity
FIGURE 9
when the gun is inverted. Pressing
Cartridge Stop.
the cartridge stop releases a single
shell from the magazine each time
it is pressed. Remove all the shells
in the magazine.
Depress the slide release and
retract the slide. The loaded round
in the chamber will be extracted
and ejected as you pull the slide
fully rearward. Visually check the
chamber, feed mechanism and
magazine to be certain that the
gun is completely empty.
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The cartridge stop is located on the right side
of the receiver cavity when the gun is inverted.
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INTERCHANGEABLE CHOKE SYSTEM
Pre-1983 BPS models are conventionally choked. Most current BPS
shotguns have barrels that are threaded to accept the Browning
Invector™ choke tube system. You may confirm this by glancing on
the right side of your barrel where the specifications are inscribed.
The degree of choke in the tube is indicated twice on each choke tube:
inscribed on the side of the tube, and with a “notch” code on the
top rim of the tube (Figure 10A). Invector choke tubes are made
with tempered steel and are fully compatible with all FACTORY
AMMUNITION (loaded in compliance with SAAMI specifications)
including Magnum lead and steel shot loads and rifled slug loads.
S TA N D A R D I N V E C T O R ™
Pre-1993 BPS models, excluding the 12 gauge 31⁄2" magnum, are
threaded to accept Standard Invector choke tubes. The 10 gauge,
28 gauge and .410 bore BPS are also the Standard Invector choke
tube system.
™
INVECTOR-PLUS™
All current BPS 12 and 20 gauge shotguns, except the Deer gun, have
back-bored barrels and are threaded to accept Invector-Plus™ choke
tubes only. The word INVECTOR-PLUS denotes that the barrel is
threaded. The degree of choke in the tube is indicated twice on each
choke tube: inscribed on the side of the tube, and indicated with a
“notch” code on the top rim of the tube. All Invector-Plus choke tubes
are made with tempered steel and are fully compatible with all
FACTORY AMMUNITION (loaded in compliance with SAAMI
specifications) including magnum lead and steel shot loads and rifled
slug loads. Our universal tube wrench is used to remove and install
these tubes.
CAUTION: INVECTOR-PLUS TUBES ARE FOR USE IN BROWNING
SHOTGUNS WITH BACK-BORED BARRELS ONLY AND ARE NOT
INTERCHANGEABLE WITH STANDARD INVECTOR CHOKE TUBES. DO NOT
USE INVECTOR-PLUS TUBES IN BARRELS THREADED FOR STANDARD
INVECTOR TUBES. DO NOT USE STANDARD INVECTOR TUBES IN BARRELS
™
™
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THREADED FOR INVECTOR-PLUS TUBES. FAILURE TO FOLLOW THESE
WARNINGS MAY CAUSE DAMAGE TO YOUR GUN AND CAUSE INJURY TO
YOURSELF AND OTHERS.
DO NOT FIRE THIS SHOTGUN WITHOUT HAVING A PROPER CHOKE TUBE
INSTALLED. PERMANENT DAMAGE MAY RESULT TO THE THREADS.
DO NOT USE BROWNING INVECTOR OR INVECTOR-PLUS CHOKE TUBES IN
ANY SHOTGUN BARRELS NOT SUPPLIED BY US. ALSO, DO NOT USE ANY
OTHER CHOKING DEVICE IN ANY SHOTGUN BARRELS SUPPLIED BY US.
USE ONLY THE APPROPRIATE GAUGE AND TYPE OF CHOKE TUBES MARKED
STANDARD INVECTOR OR INVECTOR-PLUS, DEPENDING ON YOUR SHOTGUN.
CAUTION: WHENEVER HANDLING ANY SHOTGUN FOR THE PURPOSE OF
REMOVING OR INSTALLING A CHOKING DEVICE, MAKE ABSOLUTELY
CERTAIN THE GUN IS “ON SAFE”, FULLY UNLOADED, AND THE ACTION
IS OPEN! NEVER ATTEMPT TO REMOVE OR INSTALL A SHOTGUN CHOKING
DEVICE ON A LOADED FIREARM!
T U B E R E M O VA L
1 PLACE THE “SAFETY” IN THE “ON SAFE” POSITION AND OPEN THE
ACTION. UNLOAD YOUR BPS FULLY. INSPECT THE CHAMBER, FEED
MECHANISM AND MAGAZINE TO MAKE SURE THEY DO NOT CONTAIN
ANY SHELLS.
2 Use the choke tube wrench to loosen the tube, turning it
counterclockwise. Finger twist the tube the rest of the way out
of the barrel.
T U B E I N S TA L L AT I O N
1 PLACE THE “SAFETY” IN THE “ON SAFE” POSITION AND UNLOAD YOUR
BPS FULLY. INSPECT THE CHAMBER, FEED MECHANISM AND MAGAZINE
TO MAKE SURE THEY DO NOT CONTAIN ANY SHELLS.
2 Open the action and place the “safety” in the “on safe” position.
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3 Before installing a tube, check the internal choke tube threads in the
muzzle, as well as the threads on the choke tube to be sure they are
clean. Lightly oil the threads with a fine, light oil.
4 Using your fingers, screw the appropriate tube into the muzzle end
of the barrel, tapered end first, notched end outward. When it
becomes finger-tight, use the choke tube wrench to firmly seat
the tube.
THE CHOKE TUBE SHOULD BE PERIODICALLY CHECKED TO ASSURE THAT IT
IS TIGHT AND FIRMLY SEATED. BEFORE CHECKING, FOLLOW THE SAFETY
GUIDELINES ABOVE. ON MODELS WITH A RIFLED CHOKED TUBE, THE
CHOKE TUBE TIGHTENS WITH USE. THE RIFLED CHOKE TUBE SHOULD BE
REMOVED AND CLEANED AFTER EVERY 15-20 SHOTS TO AVOID EXCESS
TIGHTENING AND TUBE REMOVAL PROBLEMS.
Replacement and additional tubes and wrenches are available from
your local Browning dealer, or by writing to:
Browning Consumer Department
One Browning Place
Morgan, UT 84050-9326
(801) 876-2711
Canadian customers please call or write:
Browning Canada Sports Ltd./Ltee
5583 Chemin St-François
St-Laurent, PQ, Canada H4S 1W6
(514) 333-7261
INVECTOR
™
CHOKE TUBE CODE
™
™
To identify individual Standard Invector and Invector-Plus tubes,
refer to the abbreviated indications on the side of the tube, or
use the identification mark(s) located on the top rim of each
tube (Figure 10A).
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INVECTOR
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Page 20
TUBE SELECTION
™
To help you choose the correct choke tube for each hunting and
shooting situation, all Browning choke tubes are inscribed on the side
with the patterns they produce with both lead and steel shot. Each
choke tube also has notches in the top rim of the tube. These notches
are a code to allow you to determine the choke designation while the
tube is installed. Rim notches refer specifically to lead shot. You will
need to use the chart below to cross-reference from lead to steel and
determine the appropriate tubes for your ammunition and
hunting/shooting situation.
Several tubes are supplied with your Browning shotgun. The tubes
listed are also available as accessories. Remember, Invector-Plus and
Standard Invector tubes are not interchangeable. Invector-Plus tubes
are for Browning guns with back-bored barrels and are not for use on
older BPS shotguns. Before removing/installing tubes, or reading the
rim notch code, make sure your shotgun is fully unloaded.
™
™
FIGURE 10A
FIGURE 10
A
B
A — Invector-Plus choke tube
B — Standard Invector
choke tube
™
™
20
Cylinder
Full
Imp. Modified
Modified
Imp. Cylinder
Skeet
03-241-BFA-BPS OM w-Duratouch
INVECTOR-PLUS
™
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Page 21
(20 GA. & 12 GA.)
RIM NOTCHES
PAT T E R N W I T H
LEAD SHOT
PAT T E R N W I T H
STEEL SHOT
Knurled
X-Full Turkey
I
Full
II
Improved Modified
**
*
III
Modified
IIII
Improved Cylinder
Modified
IIIII
Skeet
Improved Cylinder
No notches
Cylinder
Cylinder
1
1
Full
2
Full
2
*Not for use with steel shot. Using an over-tight choke constriction with steel shot will
result in an ineffective, “blown pattern.”
**Extra Full Special with knurled rim and no rim code. Do not use with steel shot.
Available in 12 gauge only.
When more than one choke designation is listed for a given steel shot pattern, use the
more open choke listed for high velocity, larger size steel shot loads.
1
2
S TA N D A R D I N V E C T O R
RIM NOTCHES
™
(20, 12 & 10 GA.)
PAT T E R N W I T H
LEAD SHOT
PAT T E R N W I T H
STEEL SHOT
X on side of tube
X-Full Special Trap
Knurled
X-Full Turkey
I
Full
II
Improved Modified
**
*
*
III
Modified
IIII
Improved Cylinder
Modified
IIIII
Skeet
Improved Cylinder
No notches
Cylinder
1
12
2
3
3
12
2
Full
Full
12
Cylinder
*Not for use with steel shot. Using an over-tight choke constriction with steel shot will
result in an ineffective, "blown pattern."
**Extra Full Special with knurled rim and no rim code. Do not use with steel shot.
Available in 10 gauge.
Available in 20 gauge.
When more than one choke designation is listed for a given steel shot pattern, use the
more open choke listed for high velocity, larger size steel shot loads.
1
2
3
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S TA N D A R D I N V E C T O R
™
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(28 GA & .410)
RIM NOTCHES
PAT T E R N W I T H
LEAD SHOT
PAT T E R N W I T H
STEEL SHOT
I
Full
Full
III
Modified
Imp. Modified
IIII
Imp. Cylinder
Modified
IIIII
Skeet
Modified
No notches
Cylinder
Imp. Cylinder
1
1
1
When more than one choke designation is listed for a given steel shot pattern, use the
more open choke listed for high velocity, larger size steel shot loads.
CAUTION: DO NOT USE STANDARD INVECTOR CHOKE TUBES IN BARRELS
MARKED INVECTOR-PLUS . DO NOT USE INVECTOR-PLUS TUBES IN
BARRELS MARKED STANDARD INVECTOR. FAILURE TO FOLLOW THIS
PRECAUTION CAN DAMAGE YOUR GUN AND CAUSE INJURY TO YOURSELF
AND OTHERS.
™
™
USE OF EXTRA BARRELS
Your BPS can be made suitable for multiple shooting conditions merely
by changing from one barrel to another of different length. On all
Browning BPS shotguns, barrels of the same gauge and model are
completely interchangeable and no special fitting is required.
Back-bored barrels with Invector-Plus choke tube system are
interchangeable with all older BPS barrels as well as Deer and Turkey
gun models.
™
SIGHT ADJUSTMENT FOR THE BUCK SPECIAL
AND GAME GUN
The Buck Special and Game Gun are equipped with a precision
rear sight which is screw adjustable for both horizontal and vertical
correction (Figure 11).
WINDAGE ADJUSTMENT
To move the point of impact to the RIGHT, loosen the screw on the
right side of the sight. Then tighten the screw on the left side of the
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03-241-BFA-BPS OM w-Duratouch
sight. To move the point of impact
to the LEFT, loosen the screw on
the left side of the sight and tighten
the screw on the right side. This is
a process of trial and error. Make
small adjustments, then check the
point of impact.
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Page 23
FIGURE 11
Windage Adjustment
Vertical Adjustment
VERTICAL ADJUSTMENT
Vertical adjustment is controlled by
two screws located on top of the
sight. To RAISE the point of
The precision rear sight is screw adjustable for
impact, loosen the front screw and both horizontal and vertical correction.
then tighten the rear screw. To
LOWER the point of impact, loosen the rear screw and then tighten
the front screw. Vertical adjustment is also a process of trial and error.
The Deer model is supplied with a receiver scope mount base. The
Turkey model is drilled and tapped for a scope base.
CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE SUGGESTIONS
PLEASE TAKE NOTE OF THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION BEFORE CLEANING
YOUR SHOTGUN.
C L E A N I N G PA RT S W I T H S P E C I A L F I N I S H E S
Be especially careful when cleaning guns with camouflage,
Dura-Touch® Armor Coating and other special finishes. Always
prevent these surfaces from coming in contact with cleaning solvents,
barrel scrubbers and other strong chemicals. It is preferable to clean
these surfaces with a light gun oil containing no solvents or with a
damp cloth and mild dish soap (be sure to keep water out of the
action). When cleaning your firearm’s bore and action, protect the
external finishes from any contact with chemicals used. Also, avoid
any contact between external finishes and other strong chemicals like
those found in DEET-containing insect repellents, sunscreens, etc.
Damage to camouflage, Dura-Touch and other finishes caused by
chemicals is irreversible and unrepairable.
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PERIODIC OILING
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FIGURE 12
Ordinary good judgment will
indicate that the metal parts of the
gun should receive a light film of
oil after the gun has been exposed
to weather or handling.
Occasionally a small drop of light
gun oil may be placed inside the
receiver track on which the breechblock and action bars ride during
operation (Figure 12). This will
Occasionally place a drop of light gun oil inside
help to relieve friction and ensure
the receiver track.
smooth operation. DO NOT POUR
LARGE QUANTITIES OF OIL INTO THE ACTION. A LARGE EXCESS OF OIL
WILL RUN BACK INTO THE WOOD OF THE STOCK AND CAUSE SOFTENING
OF THE WOOD, WITH CONSEQUENTIAL LOOSENING OF THE STOCK.
CLEANING PROCEDURES
1 PLACE THE “SAFETY” IN THE “ON SAFE” POSITION AND OPEN THE
ACTION. BE CERTAIN YOUR SHOTGUN'S MAGAZINE, FEED MECHANISM
AND CHAMBER ARE UNLOADED. ALWAYS WEAR PROTECTIVE SAFETY
GLASSES DURING ALL ASSEMBLY, DISASSEMBLY AND CLEANING
PROCEDURES. KEEP AMMUNITION AWAY FROM THE CLEANING AREA. DO
NOT TEST THE FUNCTION OF YOUR FIREARM WITH LIVE AMMUNITION.
2 Remove the barrel so that it can be cleaned from the breech end.
3 Using a shotgun cleaning rod with tip and patch large enough for
a snug fit in the bore, insert the rod and patch in the breech end of
the barrel and run back and forth through the bore several times.
Remove and wipe the choke tube threads and barrel threads with
a brass or nylon brush, and lightly oil.
4 Inspect the bores from both ends for leading and plastic residue.
Plastic residue is often left in the bores from the shot cups in modern
shotshells. Leading and plastic residue will appear as longitudinal
streaks and are usually more predominant near the muzzle and just
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Page 25
forward of the chamber. A normal amount of either is common and
is not serious.
5 If leading or plastic residue seems excessive you can remove it by
brushing the bores with a brass brush. Make certain there is a choke
tube installed. Soak the brush or spray the bore with a powder solvent
first. Scrub until clean. To prevent bristles from breaking off, push the
brush fully through each time before pulling it back through.
6 After all leading and residues have been removed, run a clean, dry
patch through the bores. Follow this with a final lightly oiled patch.
7 If the gun has been exposed to too much dust, dirt, mud or water, the
principal working parts should be wiped clean and lubricated with a
light film of oil.
8 Reassemble the barrel and wipe all exposed metal surfaces with an
oiled cloth making sure to wipe the gun of all finger marks where
moisture will accumulate.
9 Inspect the barrels and chambers TO BE CERTAIN NO PATCHES HAVE
INADVERTENTLY BEEN LEFT IN THEM. Remove any that remain.
10 The wood surfaces can also be wiped with a fine oil, or they can
be polished with any quality furniture wax (but not both). No
maintenance is required for the composite stock and forearm. It
can be wiped down with an oily rag if desired.
DO NOT TAKE YOUR GUN'S ACTION APART. This is a specialized,
finely fitted mechanism; and you may mar it for life by an attempt
to remove the inner mechanism. It is unnecessary, and may do
damage to the inner mechanism, to disassemble it for routine
cleaning and oiling. Of course, misfortunes (such as dropping
your gun in water) require appropriate attention, and in such
circumstances we recommend you immediately take your gun
to a competent gunsmith.
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NOTES
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Page 4
SERVICE OR REPAIR
If your firearm should require service or repair, we suggest you first
contact a local recommended Browning Firearms Service Center.
Contact your Browning sporting goods dealer or call our Service
Department for the address of the Service Center nearest you.
Otherwise, you may send your firearm directly to our own Service
Department. For technical questions about your firearm or service,
contact:
Browning Service Department
One Browning Place
Arnold, MO 63010-9406
Phone 1-800-322-4626
Canadian Customers call or write:
Browning Canada Sports Ltd./Ltee,
5583 Chemin St-François
St-Laurent, PQ H4S 1W6
Phone: (514) 333-7261
When returning your firearm for servicing, you must do
the following:
1. Be sure it is completely unloaded.
2. Package it securely in a cardboard container.
3. Enclose a letter with your firearm that clearly describes the
trouble experienced, the ammunition used and the repairs
desired. Also include your name and a phone number where you
can be reached.
4. If convenient, send a copy of the letter to us separately.
5. Never return ammunition with your firearm. It is against postal
and most commerce regulations.
If you have any questions about this manual or about any
other Browning products, call or write our Consumer
Information Department:
Browning Consumer Information
One Browning Place
Morgan, UT 84050
Phone: (801) 876-2711
03-241-BFA/BPS OM Cover
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Page 1
BROWNING.COM
BROWNING US: Morgan, Utah 84050-9326
BROWNING CANADA: Browning Canada Sports Ltd/Ltee,St-Laurent, Quebec, H4S 1W6
BROWNING INTL: Parc Industriel des Hauts-Sarts, B-4040 Herstal, Belgium
AO0401/ 03241