Carrier ERVCCSVB1100 Instruction manual

ERVCCSVB1100, ERVCCSHB1100
HRVCCSVB1100, HRVCCSHB1100
Energy / Heat Recovery Ventilator
Installation Instructions
NOTE: Read the entire instruction manual before starting the
installation.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
INSTALLATION CONSIDERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
UNIT INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
WALL CONTROL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
OPERATING THE ERV/HRV WITH
THE INFINITY CONTROL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
BALANCING ERV/HRV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
VENTILATION EVALUATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
CONTROL BOARD OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
CARE AND MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1. Fresh air to building port
2. Exhaust air from building port
3. Fresh air from outside port
4. Exhaust air to outside port
A08103
Fig. 1 -- ERV/HRV Unit (Top Port)
A05330
Fig. 2 -- ERV/HRV Unit (Side Port)
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
Improper installation, adjustment, alteration, service, maintenance,
or use can cause explosion, fire, electrical shock, or other
conditions which may cause death, personal injury or property
damage. Consult a qualified installer, service agency, or your
distributor or branch for information or assistance. The qualified
installer or agency must use factory--authorized kits or accessories
when modifying this product. Refer to the individual instructions
packaged with kits or accessories when installing.
Follow all safety codes. Wear safety glasses, protective clothing
and work gloves. Have a fire extinguisher available. Read these
instructions thoroughly and follow all warnings or cautions
included in literature and attached to the unit. Consult local
building codes and the current editions of the National Electrical
Code (NEC) NFPA 70.
In Canada, refer to the current editions of the Canadian Electrical
Code CSA C22.1.
.
Recognize safety information. This is the safety--alert symbol
When you see this symbol on the unit and in instruction manuals,
be alert to the potential for personal injury.
Understand the signal words DANGER, WARNING, and
CAUTION. These words are used with the safety--alert symbol.
DANGER identifies the most serious hazards which will result in
severe personal injury or death. WARNING signifies hazards
which could result in personal injury or death. CAUTION is used
to identify unsafe practices which may result in minor personal
injury or product and property damage. NOTE is used to highlight
suggestions which will result in enhanced installation, reliability, or
operation.
INTRODUCTION
The Energy/Heat Recovery Ventilator (ERV/HRV) is used to
exchange indoor stale air with outside fresh air. The unit is
equipped with a special energy/heat recovery core which transfers
both sensible and/or latent heat between the fresh incoming air and
stale exhaust air. The cross--flow design core allows entering and
leaving air streams to transfer heat and/or latent energy without
mixing (See Fig. 3).
FRESH AIR
FROM OUTSIDE
STALE AIR
FROM BUILDING
ERV / HRV
FRESH AIR
TO BUILDING
STALE AIR
TO OUTSIDE
A07460
ERV/HRV is installed in conjunction with a forced--air system, unit
should be located next to (or close to) the indoor equipment.
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
The following listed items are components of ERVCCSHA (See
Fig. 4).
1. Exhaust--air connected to outdoor air exhaust hood.
2. Fresh--air intake connected to outdoor air inlet hood.
3. Fresh--air supply from ERV connected to return--air duct of
forced--air system.
4. Mechanical filters trap dust contained in the air.
5. Energy recovery core is a cross--flow type. The core transfers heat between the 2 air streams.
6. Blowers bring in fresh--air from outside and exhaust stale-air to outside.
7. Electronic control circuit ensures proper unit operation.
8. Stale air return from building connected to return--air duct
system.
Fig. 3 -- ERV/HRV Airflow During Air Exchange
(Bottom view with access door removed)
ERV ports on side (bottom view)
4
The model operates at 2 airflows, 50 CFM in low speed and 100
CFM in high speed. This unit comes in two configurations, vertical
or horizontal. Special attention should be given to duct application,
balancing the ERV/HRV, and locating unit for easy access and
routine maintenance.
5
4
3
8
2
1
INSTALLATION CONSIDERATIONS
Inspect Equipment
Move carton to final installation location. Remove ERV/HRV from
carton taking care not to damage unit. Remove all packaging and
inspect unit for damage. Remove parts bag from inside unit. File
claim with shipping company if shipment is damaged or
incomplete. Check to make sure ERV/HRV unit matches Fig. 1 or
Fig. 2.
6
7
Select Location
A05263
The ERV/HRV should be located in a conditioned space and in
close proximity to a fused power source. It should be easily
accessible for routine maintenance.
If ERV/HRV is installed independent of a forced--air system, unit
should be located near the center of the air distribution system. If
Fig. 4 -- Conventional Horizontal Unit
See Fig. 5 for terminal connector block for wiring wall and timer
controls.
WALL CONTROL
CONTROL
CONNECTOR
BLACK
GREEN
RED
YELLOW
A
W ARNING
B
AVER TI SS EMENT
Ri s k of electric s hoc k. Be fo re per fo rmin g
an y maintenance or s ervici ng, al ways
dis connect the unit fr om it s p ow er s our ce .
Da nger d’électr ocution. Dé branchez
toujour s l’a ppareil av ant d’entre prendr e
de s tra vaux d’entretien ou de ré paration.
CA UTIO N
AT TENTION
Un s cr ew both s cr ews to open the electrical Dé viss er le s deux vi s p our ouvrir le com par timent
com par tment . To com plete ly remo ve , detac h électrique . Pour retirer com plètement , le
fr om it s retention wire in s ide.
détacher de s on fil de rétention intérieur .
No light
Amber light
Green ligh
Blinking light
Sans lumière
OFF or remote controled
LOW speed
HIGH speed
See User Manual
Arrêté ou contrôlé
par contrôle mura
l
Lumière ambre
Basse vitesse
Lumière verte
Haute vitesse
Clignotant
Voir guide d’utilisation
Terminal
Connector
A07418
Fig. 5 -- Control Connector
2
UNIT INSTALLATION
CAUTION
UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation.
Do not install ERV/HRV in a corrosive or contaminated
atmosphere.
!
WARNING
CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING HAZARD
Mount Unit
Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury
or death.
The ERV/HRV can be suspended from floor joists using chains and
4 springs. Attach metal hanging bracket to all 4 sides of cabinet.
(See Fig. 6.) The unit may be installed on a shelf if an isolation pad
is provided to dampen vibration. Unit should always be installed as
level as possible.
Do not install return--air registers (or stale--air pickup registers)
in same room as gas furnace or water heater.
Return--air (or stale--air pickup registers) are normally located to
draw from kitchen, bathroom, basement, or other rooms where
stale--air can exist.
Proper size and type of registers must be used to minimize pressure
drop. The velocity of airflow through register should not be above
400 ft (122m) per minute.
Maximum length of duct for the system should be designed
according to the highest speed of the unit. Refer to specifications
listed in unit Product Data Digest for ventilation capacities.
Forced--Air Application
Most ERV/HRV applications will be installed in conjunction with
new or existing forced--air system. To operate properly, the
fresh--air supply and stale--air return from ERV/HRV connect
directly to return--air duct system. This is how the ERV/HRV
distributes fresh air and removes stale air from inside of building
(See Fig. 7). For these installations, furnace or fan coil blower must
be interlocked and operate continuously whenever ERV/HRV is
energized. See Fig. 17 for interlock wiring detail.
NOTE: The fresh air from ERV/HRV is introduced into return--air
duct at a point no less than 6 ft (1.8m) upstream of furnace or fan
coil. This connection should be direct (See Fig. 7). This is to allow
incoming fresh--air to mix before entering indoor equipment.
A05331
Fig. 6 -- Chain Spring Installation
Independent System Application
In the absence of a forced--air system and a typical duct system
layout, the ERV/HRV can be applied as an independent or stand
NOTE: A + B = Not less than 10 ft / 3 m
A
3 ft / .9 m MIN
B
FURNACE
INSULATED DUCT CONNECTING
FRESH AIR & EXHAUST TO
OUTSIDE
NOTE: Supply & exhaust ducts have
internal balancing dampers
that must be adjusted.
ERV
INLET HOOD
REAR
6 ft / 1.8 m
EXHAUST HOOD
18" / 457 mm
GROUND LEVEL
A07282
Fig. 7 -- Exhaust Ventilation
3
ERV / HRV
!
alone unit. To ensure comfort, this type of application involves
running both fresh--air and return--air registers (or stale--air pickup
registers) throughout the home.
Fresh--air registers are normally located in bedrooms, dining room,
living room, and basement. It is recommended that registers be
placed 6 to 12--in. (152 to 305mm) from the ceiling on an interior
wall and airflow directed toward ceiling. If registers are floor
installed, airflow should be directed toward the wall.
Connect Ducts to ERV/HRV
!
CAUTION
PROPERTY DAMAGE HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in minor property
damage from sweating duct or loss of unit efficiency and
capacity.
ERV / HRV
If ERV/HRV duct work is installed in an unconditioned
space, insulated flexible duct is required.
Insulated flexible duct is required on both fresh--air inlet and
exhaust--air outlet ducts connecting to exterior wall. When
using insulated flexible duct, the vapor barrier of the flexible ducts
must be taped very tight to prevent condensation problems. To
reduce pressure drop, stretch the flex duct and support it in a proper
manner to avoid reduced airflow.
When connecting the ERV/HRV to a return--air duct system,
insulated flexible duct can be used. However, when metal or rigid
ducts are applied use approximately 18--in. (457mm) of flexible
duct at ERV/HRV ports for fresh--air supply, and stale--air return.
When using metal duct from fresh--air supply to system duct work,
the metal duct should be insulated. (See Fig. 8.) This can act as a
silencer when connecting ducts to return--air duct system. This
should eliminate transmission of noise or vibration from unit to
main duct system.
To connect condensate drain, proceed as follows:
1. Punch out holes in foam insulation and door, then insert
sleeved grommets into bottom of unit using the gasket
washer and nut. (See Fig. 9.)
2. Cut two sections of plastic tubing, about 12--in. / 305mm
long and attach them to each drain.
3. Join the two short sections of plastic tubing to the “T” connector and the main tube as shown.
4. Make a loop in the tubing below the “T” connector to create
a trap to prevent sewer gases from entering the ventilation
system. (See Fig. 9.)
5. Connect unit drain to building’s main drain. Provide slight
slope from unit for run--off.
STALE-AIR
RETURN
A99268
Fig. 9 -- Condensate Drain With Loop Trap (HRV Only)
FRESH-AIR
SUPPLY
WALL CONTROL
Types
FLEXIBLE DUCTS CONNECTING TO
RETURN-AIR DUCT SYSTEM
A08102
Fig. 8 -- Flexible Duct Fit--Up
Four remote wall control options are available:
1. Basic Control (see Table 1).
2. OneTouch Control
3. Standard Control (includes dehumidistat)
4. Latent Control (includes humidistat for use with ERV’s only)
Table 1 – Basic Control
Locate and Install Exterior Hoods
IMPORTANT: To prevent condensation problems, insulated
flexible ducts are required on both fresh--air inlet and exhaust--air
outlet ducts connecting between ERV/HRV and exterior wall.
Fresh--air intake and stale--air exhaust must be separated by at least
6 ft (1.8m). Fresh--air intake must be positioned at least 10 ft (3m)
from nearest dryer vent, furnace exhaust, driveway, gas meter, or
oil fill pipe. Fresh--air intake must be positioned as far as possible
from garbage containers and potential chemical fumes. When
possible, it is advised to locate the intake and exhaust hoods on
same side of house or building. The intake and exhaust hoods
should never be located on interior corners or in dead air pockets
(See Fig. 7). Both intake and exhaust hoods must be 18--in.
(457mm) from ground and at least 12--in. (305mm) above
anticipated snow level.
After selecting proper hood locations, make appropriate size hole
through exterior wall, pass flexible duct through hole and insert
hood tube into duct. Tape duct vapor barrier tightly around hood
tube and insert assembly back into wall and fasten securely.
Condensate Drain
(For ERV, skip this step and continue to the next step.)
OPERATION
DAMPER
POSITION
FAN
SPEED
Off
Off
Closed to outside
Off
Low
Air exchange with
outside
Open to outside
Low
Intermittent
Air exchange with
outside
Open to outside
Low
High
Air exchange with
outside
Open to outside
High
MODE
Location
The Standard Control and the Latent Control sense humidity and
not temperature. They must be located in an area where they will
continually monitor fresh air circulating within the home. Install
ERV/HRV wall controls as close as possible to main system
thermostat and follow same guidelines as installing a thermostat
(locate approximately 5 ft (1.5m) above floor, mount on an inside
partitioning wall, etc.)
Wiring
Remove top cover assembly from wall control and pass thermostat
wire through hole located on back of control before attaching to
wall. Connect Y, R, G, and B (yellow, red, green, and black)
4
between wall control and ERV/HRV connector following color
code. (See Fig. 5 and 10.) Replace top cover assembly.
NOTE: ERV/HRV wall control and circuit board operate on
12VDC.
OneTouch Control
The OneTouch Control can be used as the primary wall control for
the ERV/HRV. This control will step through the modes of
operation with consecutive presses of the button. The LED
indicates which mode is currently selected, Off, Intermittent, Low,
or High.
NOTE: OneTouch Control does not have a humidity selector.
NOTE: OneTouch Intermittent mode exchanges air on low speed
for 20 minutes per hour.
Latent Control
NOTE: For Latent Controls used with ERV;s, to ensure highest
degree of humidity control in cooling season, the
INTERMITTENT mode should be used.
YELLOW
RED
All units are equipped with an integrated control, located under the
unit, in front of the electrical compartment. Use the push button (1)
to control the unit. The LED (2) will then shows on which mode
the unit is in. Integrated Control overrides Wall Control function.
When LED is off, ventilator responds to Wall Control command.
See Fig. 11.
BLACK
Y
R
GB
A98383
Fig. 10 -- Typical Wall Control
WARNING
Operation
The Standard and Latent wall controls have 4 basic modes of
operation, OFF, LOW, HIGH, and INTERMITTENT. Be sure that
all modes of operation are fully functional. See Table 1 indicating
standard control operation.
1. With switch off, ERV/HRV is inoperative and the LED is
out.
2. With switch on LOW, ERV/HRV continuously exchanges
air with outside. If control is satisfied, blower will run in
low speed, otherwise, blower will run on high speed. The
LED is illuminated all the time.
3. With switch on INTERMITTENT, the ERV/HRV exchanges air with outside on high--speed blower, and unit
shuts down when control is satisfied. The ON LED is illuminated all the time, and AIR EXCHANGE LED is illuminated only when unit is running.
Table 2 – Recommended Humidity Levels
OUTSIDE
TEMPERATURE
50°F / 10°C
32°F / 0°C
14°F / --- 10°C
--- 4°F / --- 20°C
--- 22°F / --- 30°C
DOUBLE ---PANE
WINDOWS
55%
45%
35%
30%
25%
TRIPLE ---PANE
WINDOWS
65%
55%
45%
45%
35%
Danger d’électrocution. Débranchez
toujours l’appareil avant d’entreprendre
des travaux d’entretien ou de réparation.
CAUTION
ATTENTION
Unscrew both screws to open the electrical Dévisser les deux vis pour ouvrir le compartiment
compartment. To completely remove, detach électrique. Pour retirer complètement, le
from its retention wire inside.
détacher de son fil de rétention intérieur.
No light
OFF or remote controled
Amber light
LOW speed
Green ligh
HIGH speed
Blinking light
See User Manual
Sans lumière
Arrêté ou contrôlé
par contrôle mural
Lumière ambre
Basse vitesse
Lumière verte
Haute vitesse
Clignotant
Voir guide d’utilisation
1 2
A07260
Fig. 11 -- Integrated Control
Refer to table below to see how to operate the unit using its
integrated control.
Humidity Selector
The humidity selector is a built--in control designed to properly
control the level of humidity in the house during the winter and
summer months. This control helps avoid condensation problems
in upper northern regions where indoor humidity is a problem
during the winter season.
NOTE: This control is not to be confused with a dehumidistat
used during the summer months to control high relative indoor
humidity.
Table 2 recommends humidity levels to avoid condensation.
AVERTISSEMENT
Risk of electric shock. Before performing
any maintenance or servicing, always
disconnect the unit from its power source.
PRESS ON PUSH
BUTTON
LED COLOR
Once
Amber
Twice
Green
Three Times
No Light
RESULTS
Unit is on Low
Speed
Unit is on High
Speed
Unit is OFF
If a problem occurs during the unit operation, its integrated control
LED (2) will blink. The color of the blinking light depends on the
type of error detected. Refer to Troubleshooting for further details.
NOTE: The ERV/HRV may be controlled using the Infinity
system control. The ERV/HRV may be connected using either a
NIM or a 4--Zone Damper Module. See the appropriate instructions
if using the NIM or a 4--Zone Damper Module for connection
instructions.
The Infinity system control will simultaneously control the
ERV/HRV and the indoor blower.
Push Button Timers may be used and are connected to the
ERV/HRV. However, the Infinity system should be set to
continuous fan to ensure that the fresh air is circulated in the home.
In a Zoned System, at least one zone should be set to continuous
fan.
5
ERV / HRV
Integrated Control
GREEN
OPERATING THE ERV/HRV WITH
THE INFINITY CONTROL
The ventilator has four settings in heating mode and three settings
in cooling mode.
Heating:
AUTO -- the ventilator selects the speed based on indoor
humidity and outdoor temperature. It may cycle on/off every
30 minutes depending on humidity and outside temperature.
LOW -- low speed all of the time.
HIGH -- high speed all of the time.
DEHUM -- will only turn on if humidity is 3% over setpoint.
The speed is determined by indoor humidity and outdoor
temperature.
ERV / HRV
Cooling:
AUTO -- the ventilator selects the speed based on indoor
humidity and outdoor temperature. It may cycle on/off every
30 minutes depending on humidity and outside temperature.
LOW -- low speed all of the time.
HIGH -- high speed all of the time.
If the fan speed is set to Auto and the ventilator wants to run, the
fan speed will run at High continuous speed. Otherwise, the fan
will stay at the chosen continuous fan speed.
ACCESSORIES
20 Minute Timer
A push button timer can be used to override the wall control and
put the ERV/HRV into high speed for 20 minutes. Connect
switches in parallel and connect leads to ERV/HRV terminals I,
OC, and OL (See Fig. 12). Push button locations are ideal in
special activity areas, such as, bathroom, or kitchen, where
high--speed exhaust operation is needed for a short period of time.
NOTE: The 20 minute timer will not function properly unless
ERV/HRV wall control is applied and working correctly. Timing
function is internal to electronic circuit board, it is activated by a
momentary contact between OC and OL. The I connection is to
illuminate the push button. The maximum number of push button
timers that can be applied is 5.
60 Minute Adjustable Timer
A 60 minute adjustable timer can also be used to override wall
control and put HRV into high--speed operation for a select amount
of time. Connect timer in parallel with push button timers, or to
ERV/HRV terminals OC and OL. (See Fig. 12.)
The 60 minute timer will provide a minimum of 10 minutes, and a
maximum of 60 minutes of ventilation at high speed.
J3
THE WIRES FROM THE SWITCH
ELECTRONIC CONTROL
BOARD
9
8
7
6
OL 5
OC 4
I 3
BOOT SEQUENCE
The unit boot sequence is similar to a personal computer boot
sequence. Each time the unit is plugged after being unplugged, or
after a power failure, the unit will perform a 30--second booting
sequence before starting to operate. During the booting sequence,
the integrated control LED will light GREEN or AMBER for 5
seconds, and then will shut off for 2 seconds. After that, the LED
will light RED for the rest of the booting sequence. During this
RED light phase, the unit is checking and resetting the motorized
damper position.
Once the motorized damper position completely set, the RED light
turns off and the booting sequence is done.
NOTE: No command will be taken until the unit is fully booted.
YELLOW – INDICATOR, (J3--3)
BLACK – COMMON, (J3--4)
RED – SWITCH, (J3--5)
RED
BLACK
YELLOW
J1
1
4
7
2
5
8
3
6
9
(OPTIONAL)
60 MINUTE TIMER
(OPTIONAL)
PUSH BUTTON SWITCHES
(5 SWITCHES MAXIMUM)
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
115--VAC Wiring
The ERV/HRV operates on 115VAC. It comes with a power cord
attached to unit and ready to plug into a fused outlet. Unit must be
grounded for proper operation.
All electrical connections must comply with National and Local
Electrical Codes, or other ordinances that might apply.
!
(OC)
BLACK – (J3- 4)
COMMON
TERMINAL
STRIP
(I)
YELLOW – (J3- 3)
INDICATOR
TERMINAL STRIP
RED – (J3- 5)
SWITCH
TERMINAL STRIP
WARNING
(OL)
BACK OF PUSH BUTTON SWITCH
A98386
ELECTRICAL SHOCK / FIRE HAZARD
Fig. 12 -- Push Button Timer Wiring Layout
Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury,
death and/or property damage.
Do not use an extension cord as a power source for operating
the ERV/HRV.
12VDC Wiring
The ERV/HRV circuit board, wall control, and accessories operate
on 12VDC. See Wall Control section, item Wiring and Fig. 5 and
10 for more information.
6
BALANCING ERV/HRV
Balancing intake and exhaust airflow is very important for proper
system operation and optimum performance when applying an
ERV/HRV. Unit balancing prevents a positive and/or negative
pressure within the home. Balancing the ERV/HRV is done by
applying magnehelic gauge and using the balancing dampers at the
fresh air intake and stale air exhaust ducts. (See Fig. 13.)
Fresh air flow
12 11
12 11
33 23
12 11
12 11
33 23
Exhaust air flow
Step 2 — Magnehelic gauge placement.
Place the magnehelic gauge on a level surface and adjust it to zero.
Step 3 — Connect tubing from gauge to EXHAUST air flow pressure taps.
Be sure to connect the tubes to their appropriate high/low fittings.
(See Fig. 13.) If the gauge drops below zero, reverse the tubing
connections.
NOTE: It is suggested to start with the exhaust air flow reading
because the exhaust has typically more restriction than the fresh air,
especially in cases of fully ducted installations or source point
ventilation. Place the magnehelic gauge upright and level. Record
equivalent AIR FLOW of the reading according to the balancing
chart.
See Detail A
DETAIL A
Step 4 — Move tubing to FRESH air flow
pressure taps.
Adjust the fresh air balancing damper until the fresh air flow is
approximately the same as the EXHAUST air flow. If fresh air
flow is less than exhaust air flow, then go back and adjust the
exhaust balancing damper to equal the fresh air flow. (See Fig. 13.)
Port with integrated
balancing damper
Top View
A07261
Fig. 13 -- Balancing ERV/HRV
Airflow is determined by temporarily connecting a magnehelic
gauge to the pressure taps on ERV/HRV. (See Fig. 14.) Balancing
chart is located on unit door.
Step 5 — Secure both dampers thumb screw in
place with tape.
Step 6 — Record air flow information.
Write the required air flow information on a label and stick it near
the unit for future reference (date, maximum speed air flows, your
name, phone number and business address).
NOTE: The unit is considered balanced even if there is a
difference of ±10 CFM (or ±5 l/s or 17 m3/h) between the two air
flows.
Balancing Dampers
A98400
Balancing dampers (sometimes called butterfly dampers) are
located in fresh--air intake and stale--air exhaust of the ERV/HRV.
(See Fig. 13.) Insulating over these dampers is strongly
recommended after balancing is complete to prevent condensation
problems.
Fig. 14 -- Magnehelic Gauge
If supply--air from outside is greater than exhaust--air from the
house, an imbalance can result over pressurizing the home. If
exhaust--air is greater than supply--air, combustion appliances may
backdraft, bringing exhaust fumes into the house. A balanced
condition will ensure optimum performance, provide satisfied
customers, and avoid expensive callbacks.
7
ERV / HRV
12
12
13
12
12
13
Balancing Procedure
Step 1 — Set the unit to high speed.
Make sure that the furnace/air handler blower is ON if the
installation is in any way connected to the ductwork of the cold air
return. If not, leave furnace/air handler blower OFF. If the outside
temperature is below 32_F (0_C), make sure the unit is not running
in defrost while balancing. (By waiting 10 minutes after plugging
the unit in, you are assured that the unit is not in a defrost cycle.)
Balancing
Chart
1
1
3
1
1
3
Before proceeding with balancing, all windows, doors, and
fireplace flues should be tightly closed. No exhaust systems such as
range top exhausts, dryer exhaust, fume hoods, bath or roof fans
should be in operation. The forced--air furnace (if used for
circulation) should be operating in continuous fan mode for normal
operating speed.
VENTILATION EVALUATION
between Red and Gray wires on Molex plug (pins 1 and 4) and
blower motor runs in low--speed operation.
CAUTION
!
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
Door
UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in reduced unit
efficiency, capacity or unit life.
DO NOT use HRV during construction of a house or when
sanding drywall. This type of dust may damage system.
Ventilator Sizing
ERV / HRV
Tables 3 and 4 should be used to determine the required airflow for
a home. These guidelines are taken from ASHRAE 62.2--2004.
Table 3 – Ventilation Air Requirements, cfm
FLOOR
AREA (ft2)
<1500
1501--- 3000
3001--- 4500
4501--- 6000
6001--- 7500
>7500
0---1
30
45
60
75
90
105
2---3
45
60
75
90
105
120
BEDROOMS
4---5
6---7
60
75
75
90
90
105
105
120
120
135
135
150
<139
139.1--- 279
279.1--- 418
418.1--- 557
557.1--- 697
>697
0---1
14
21
28
35
42
50
2---3
21
28
35
42
50
57
BEDROOMS
4---5
28
35
42
50
57
64
6---7
35
42
50
57
64
71
Filter
Filters in ERV/HRV are washable and should be cleaned every 3
months. Use a vacuum cleaner to remove heaviest portion of
accumulated dust, then wash in lukewarm water. Allow filter to
completely dry before reinstalling. A dirty air filter will cause
excessive strain on blower motor. Never operate unit without a
filter. Vacuum out debris.
In addition, regularly check and clean screens on exterior intake
and exhaust hoods when necessary.
!
>7
90
105
120
135
150
165
Table 4 – Ventilation Air Requirements, L/s
FLOOR
AREA (m2)
ERV/HRV door can be removed by unlatching brief case style
latches, then slide door to the right and remove it from hinges.
Door must be in place and secured shut for proper operation.
CAUTION
UNIT COMPONENT DAMAGE HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in unit component
damage.
DO NOT clean filters in a dishwasher and DO NOT dry
them with a heating appliance or permanent damage will
result.
Blower Motor and Wheel
>7
42
50
57
64
71
78
CONTROL BOARD OPERATION
Defrost
ERV/HRV blower motors are factory lubricated for life.
Lubricating bearings is not recommended. However, inspect and
clean any accumulated dirt and grease from blower motor and
wheel annually.
Cleaning the Core
ERV is equipped with a special energy recovery core which utilizes
a special membrane and allows transfer of sensible and latent
energy. The core should always be vacuumed only every 3 months
to remove dust and dirt that could prevent transfer of energy. (See
Fig. 15 and 16.)
The ERV/HRV continually monitors the outside air temperature. If
the outside air is at or below 23°F (--5°C), the ERV/HRV will
initiate a defrost cycle by closing the outside air damper and
recirculating warm indoor air through the heat recovery core. This
happens every 32 minutes with a 6 minute defrost cycle. During
this process, core is defrosted without the use of electric strip heat.
At 5°F (--15°C), unit will defrost for 6 minutes every 32 minutes.
At --17°F (--27°C), the unit will sense a need to defrost every 20
minutes with a 6 minute cycle. See the Troubleshooting section for
a control logic explanation.
Off and Intermittent/Off Mode
A05347
When ERV/HRV is Off, K1 relay is open, and K5 relay is
energized which closes outside air damper.
Fig. 15 -- ERV Ports on Side (Bottom View)
High--Speed Air Exchange
When high--speed air exchange occurs, K1 and K2 relays are
energized and K5 relay is de--energized. This opens low--speed
contacts, and closes high--speed contact on K2 relay. This also
opens contact on K5 relay which opens outside air damper. Then,
115VAC is applied between orange and gray wires on Molex plug
(pins 1 and 6) and blower motor runs in high--speed operation.
Low--Speed Air Exchange
When low--speed air exchange occurs, K1 Relay is energized
which closes the contacts. K2 and K5 relays are de--energized. This
keeps low--speed contacts closed and high--speed contacts open on
K2 relay, and opens outdoor air damper. 120VAC is applied
A05348
Fig. 16 -- HRV Ports on Side (Bottom View)
8
!
CAUTION
UNIT COMPONENT DAMAGE HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation.
DO NOT use water to clean core or damage will result. In
addition, before servicing or removing the core inspect the
edges to see if they appear soft (or slightly expanded). This
can be normal and due to moisture in the air. DO NOT
handle or service core until it is dry or air passages can
become damaged and/or closed.
WARNING
!
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury
or death.
Before installing or servicing system, always turn off main
power to system. There may be more than 1 disconnect
switch.
!
CAUTION
CUT HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in personal injury.
Sheet metal parts may have sharp edges or burrs. Use care
and wear appropriate protective clothing and gloves when
handling parts.
TROUBLESHOOTING
NOTE: Reference Table 5 Troubleshooting Chart
This can be a quick guide in resolving unit problems. It is also
recommended to review and understand Wall Control Board
Operation and Care and Maintenance sections before continuing.
NOTE: If there is a short circuit or an open circuit at thermistor,
CPU will go into a 5 minute defrost cycle every 20 minutes. This
feature is not there on older board versions with 3 pin jumpers.
Override Test
To use override test function, a thermistor must be connected to the
control board. Unit must not be in defrost mode during an override
test.
High Speed
1. Disconnect ERV/HRV from 115VAC.
1. Unplug wall control wires at control module terminal block inside ERV/HRV.
2. Plug ERV/HRV back to 115VAC.
3. Attach a wire across J3--8 and J3--9 (B and G) on control module terminal block.
4. Close door, this will initiate a high--speed exchange.
Low Speed
1. Unplug ERV/HRV from 115VAC.
2. Disconnect wall control wires at control module terminal block
inside ERV/HRV.
3. Plug ERV/HRV back to 115VAC.
4. Connect a 3.0 K ohm resistor between B and G on control
module terminal block.
5. Close door, this will initiate a low--speed exchange.
Blower Speed Selection
Three--speed blowers are factory connected to electronic control
board on HIGH-- and LOW--speed taps of blowers. Installer can
easily change low--speed tap to medium--speed tap so electronic
control will select between high and medium speed. Connections
can be changed at transformer location. See Connection diagram,
Fig. 17.
9
ERV / HRV
NOTE: The core should only be serviced when outdoor
temperature is 60°F to 75°F (16°C to 24°C) and it is dry.
If the integrated control LED of the unit is flashing, this means the unit sensors detected a problem. See the table below to know where on the
unit the problem occurs.
Table 5 – Troubleshooting
LED flashes GREEN.
Thermistor error.
LED flashes RED.
The door is open and the unit is not Close the door and press once on the integrated control push button to reset the
unplugged.
unit.
Exhaust motor error.
Go to Problem 5 below.
LED flashes AMBER.
Damper error.
Go to Problem 6 below.
Problem:
Possible causes:
You should try this:
S The circuit board may be defective.
S Unplug the unit. Disconnect the main
control and the optional control(s) (if need NO C NC I OC OL Y R G B
be). Jump G and B terminals. Plug the unit
back and wait about 10 seconds. If the
motors run on high speed and the damper
opens, the circuit board is not defective.
1. Unit does not work.
ERV / HRV
Reference Table 6 for proper temperature vs. resistance relationship. If thermistor
is defective, replace the entire port assembly (fresh air from outside port).
2. The damper actuator S The damper actuator or the integrated S Unplug the unit. Disconnect the main control and the optional controls(s) (if need
damper port mechanism may be
be).Wait 10 seconds and plug the unit back. Check if the damper opens. If not,
does not work.
defective.
use a multimeter and check for 24VAC on J12 - 1 and J12 - 2 (in electrical
compartment). If there is 24VAC, replace the entire port assembly.
NOTE: It is normal to experience a small delay (7-- 8 seconds) before detecting
the 24VAC signal at starting-- up. This signal will stay during 17-- 18 seconds
before disappearing.
S The circuit board may be defective.
3. The wall control does S The wires may be in reverse position.
not work OR its indicator flashes.
S The wires may be broken.
S The wire in the wall OR the wall.
S If there is no 24VAC, replace the circuit board.
S Ensure that the color coded wires have been connected to their work OR its
indicator flashes. appropriate places.
S Inspect every wire and replace any that are damaged.
S Remove the wall control and test it right beside the unit using another control
may be defective. shorter wire. If the wall control works there, change the wire. If
it does not, change the wall control.
S Ensure that the color coded wires have been connected to their appropriate
4. The
dehumidistat S The wires may be in reverse position.
places.
does not work OR
the 20-- minute. push-- S The dehumidified or push button may be S Jump the OL and OC terminals. If the unit
button timer does not
defective.
switch to high speed, remove the NO C NC I OC OL Y R G B
work OR its indicator
dehumidistat or push button and test it right
light does not stay
beside the unit using another shorter wire. If
on.
it works here, change the wire. If it doesn’t,
change the dehumidistat or the push button.
5. The supply and/or S The circuit board may be defective.
exhaust motor do not
work.
S The motor(s) may be defective.
S Press on the integrated control push button until the unit turn on low speed (the
LED will light AMBER). Using a multimeter, check the voltage on J4-- 1 and
J4-- 2 (for supply motor), and on J5-- 1 and J5-- 2 (for exhaust motor). The reading
must be ± 68VAC. Then set the unit on high speed by pressing on the integrated
control 1 more time (the LED will light GREEN).Using a multimeter, check the
voltage on J4-- 1 and J4-- 2 (for supply motor), and on J5-- 1 and J5-- 2 (for exhaust
motor). The reading must be ± 120VAC. If all the readings correspond to the right
voltage values, the circuit board is not defective. If one or both readings are
different, change the circuit board.
S Using a multimeter, check the ohms value on each motor connectors. Black
motors values: For BLUE and BLACK motor wires, the right value is ± 55 ohms.
For BLUE and BROWN motor wires, the right value is ± 35 ohms. For BROWN
and BLACK motor wires, the right value is ± 89 ohms. Aluminum motors values:
For BLUE and BLACK motor wires, the right value is ± 51 ohms. For BLUE and
BROWN motor wires, the right value is ± 47 ohms. For BROWN and BLACK
motor wires, the right value is ± 98 ohms. If he ohms values are the same, the
motor is not defective. Replace the motor capacitor.
6. The defrost cycle S Ice deposits may be hindering the S Remove the ice.
damper operation.
does not work (the
fresh air duct is frozen OR the fresh air S The damper rod or the port damper itself S Inspect these parts and replace if necessary.
may be broken.
distributed is very
cold. (See Table 7 for
S The damper actuator or circuit board S See Problem 2.
Defrost Cycle Timmay be defective.
ing.)
7. The integrated con- S The 30 - second boot sequence is not S See Boot Sequence.
trol push button does
completed.
not work.
10
Table 6 – Temperature / Ohm Relationship
Table 7 – Defrost Cycle
TEMP. (°F / °C)
--- 9 / --- 23
--- 8 / --- 22
--- 6 / --- 21
--- 4 / --- 20
--- 2 / --- 19
--- .4 / --- 18
1 / --- 17
3 / --- 16
5 / --- 15
7 / --- 14
9 / --- 13
10 / --- 12
12 / --- 11
14 / --- 10
16 / --- 9
18 / --- 8
19 / --- 7
21 / --- 6
23 / --- 5
25 / --- 4
27 / --- 3
28 / --- 2
30 / --- 1
32 / 0
34 / 1
36 / 2
37 / 3
39 / 4
41 / 5
43 / 6
45 / 7
46 / 8
48 / 9
50 / 10
52 / 11
54 / 12
55 / 13
57 / 14
59 / 15
61 / 16
63 / 17
64 / 18
66 / 19
68 / 20
70 / 21
72 / 22
73 / 23
75 / 24
77 / 25
79 / 26
81 / 27
82 / 28
84 / 29
86 / 30
88 / 31
90 / 32
91 / 33
93 / 34
95 / 35
97 / 36
99 / 37
100 / 38
HRV DEFROST CYCLES
Operation time (min.)
Defrosting
between each
(minutes)
defrost cycle
RESISTANCE (OHMS)
78330
74610
71100
67770
64570
61540
58680
55970
53410
50980
48680
46500
44430
42470
40570
38770
37060
35440
33900
32440
31050
29730
28480
27280
26130
25030
23990
23000
22050
21150
20300
19480
18700
17960
17240
16560
15900
15280
14690
14120
13580
13060
12560
12090
11630
11200
10780
10380
10000
9632
9281
8944
8622
8313
8014
7728
7454
7192
6940
6699
6467
6245
Outside Temp
°F / °C
23 to --- 17°F
--- 5 to --- 27°C
--- 17°F and less
--- 27°C and less
Outside Temp
°F / °C
25
10
22
ERV DEFROST CYCLES
Operation time (min.)
Defrosting
between each
(minutes)
defrost cycle
9
28
10
22
ERV / HRV
23 to --- 17°F
--- 5 to --- 27°C
--- 17°F and less
--- 27°C and less
8
11
CONNECTION DIAGRAM
1.
: USE SPECIFIED UL LISTED/CSA
CERTIFIED LINE FUSE. Type 3AG, Littelfuse no
312003.
COLOR CODE
BLK
BLU
BRN
GRN
GRY
ORG
RED
WHT
YEL
2. If any of the original wire, as supplied, must be
replaced, use the same equivalent wire.
3. Field wiring must comply with applicable codes,
ordinances and regulations.
4. Remote controls available.
See instruction manual. (class 2 circuit)
5. Furnace fan circuit must be class 2 circuit only.
BLACK
BLUE
BROWN
GREEN
GRY
ORANGE
RED
WHITE
YELLOW
Line voltage factory wiring
Class 2 low voltage factory wiring
Class 2 low voltage field wiring
DAMPER ELECTRONIC
ASSEMBLY
BLK
A2
J3
M3
ERV / HRV
Damper motor
1 2
5 4 3 2 1
BLK
2 1
J2
(6)
120V
106V
PRP
81V
ORG
71V
GRY
64V
RED
57V
neutral
Exhaust fan motor
capacitor
BRN
BLK
C1
BLK
5 4 3 2 1
J8
1
2
3
J5
2
1
J7
3
2
1
J11
J13
MED HI
1 2
ICP
J12
1 2 3 4 5
J9
BLK
Supply fan motor
capacitor
Supply fan motor
BLK
C2
BLK
BLU
BRN
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
J14
2
1
J6
1
2
3
J4
4 3 2 1
See note 1
M2
Defrost temperature
sensor
BLK
GRN
RED
YEL
BLK
BLU
M1
R1
Field wiring
remote control
(see notes 3, 4)
YEL
JU1
Exhaust fan motor
to
BLU
RED
nc
nc
nc
BLU
RED
PRP
ORG
GRY
Ref
1
BLK
Door interlock
switch
(magnetically
actuated reed
switch)
9.5V YEL
class 2
WHT
GRN
S1
ORG
24V class 2
ORG
WHT
BLU
WHT
BLK
J1
T1
F1
2
1
J10
ELECTRONIC ASSEMBLY
GRN
BLK
WHT
120V, 60Hz
A1
Furnace blower interlock
J14-1 : NO
J14-2 : COM
J14-3 : NC
(optional; see notes 3, 5)
W1
GRN
K5 K2 K3 K1
0 0 0 0
1 0 1 1
1 1 1 1
1 1 1 0
1 1 1 0
MODE
OFF
Exchange low speed
Exchange high speed
Circulation high speed
Defrost
M1 "Supply"
OFF
LO
HI
HI
HI
M2 - "Exhaust"
OFF
LO
HI
OFF
OFF
DAMPER
Closed
Opened
Opened
Closed
Closed
A10001
Fig. 17 -- ERV / HRV Wiring Diagram
12
LOGIC DIAGRAM
120V, 60Hz
Neutral
120V, 60Hz
Line
J10-2
Ref
1
1
HI MED
2 3
J10-1
A1
JU1
F1
K2
120V
MED
BLU
106V
RED
57V
K1
J9-1
Exhaust fan motor
J5-1
J9-2
J5-2
LO
PRP
ORG
J5-3
J9-3
nc
81V
Exhaust fan motor
capacitor
J9-4
J7-2
nc
71V
ERV / HRV
BLK
J7-1
nc
GRY
64V
K3
Supply fan motor
J4-1
WHT
J4-2
J4-3
Supply fan motor
capacitor
J6-2
J6-1
BLK
120V
J12-5
J2-5
J12-4
J2-4
J12-3
J2-3
J8-1
J12-2
J2-2
J3-2
J8-2
J12-1
J2-1
J3-1
ORG
24V
class 2
BLU
106V
PRP
81V
ORG
71V
GRY
64V
YEL
RED
57V
9.5V
class 2
K4
A2
Damper motor
ORG
WHT
neutral
J8-4
Door interlock switch
J11-2
J8-5
J11-1
YEL
(6)
K2
K5
J14-3
K4
J14-1
K5
J14-2
K1
CPU
Furnace blower interlock
(optional; see notes 3, 5)
K3
J14-4
J14-5
J14-6
J14-7
J14-8
J14-9
J14-10
Override switch
(optional; see notes 3, 4)
Field wiring remote control
(see notes 3, 4)
A10002
Fig. 18 -- ERV / HRV Wiring Diagram
13
Energy Star (Canada)
These products earned the
ENERGY STAR® by meeting strict
energy efficiency guidelines set by
Natural Resources Canada and
the US EPA. They meet ENERGY
STAR requirements only when
used in Canada.
ERVCCSVB1100
ERVCCSHB1100
HRVCCSVB1100
HRVCCSHB1100
ERV / HRV
S
S
S
S
Edition Date: 05/10
Catalog No: ERVHRV ---3SI
Manufacturer reserves the right to change, at any time, specifications and designs without notice and without obligations.
Replaces: ERVHRV--- 2SI
Copyright 2010 Carrier Corp. S 7310 W. Morris St. S Indianapolis, IN 46231
Printed in U.S.A.
14