Simplicity 1690557 Operator`s manual

How to use this file...(Operators Manuals)
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* This file contains several manuals, which differ only in their covers.
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THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY BLANK
Replacement
OPERATOR’S
MANUAL
Regent / 500 / 2500 Series &
Sport Series “Team Tractors”
14HP Gear Tractors
Team Tractors
Mfg. No.
1692593
1692595
1692597
1692599
Mfg. No.
1692957
1692959
1692961
1692963
1692965
1692967
1692969
1692971
1692973
1692975
1692874
Description
Regent, 14HP Gear
514G, 14HP Gear
2514G, 14HP Gear
Regent, 14HP Gear (Export)
14HP Hydro Tractors
Mfg. No.
1692354
1692601
1692588
1692591
Description
Regent, 14HP Hydro
Regent, 14HP Hydro (Export)
514H, 14HP Hydro
2514H, 14HP Hydro
16HP Gear Tractors
Mfg. No.
1692760
1692768
1692829
Description
Regent, 16HP Gear
Regent, 16HP Gear (Export)
516G, 16HP Gear
Description
Vikings Regent Tractor
Steelers Regent Tractor
Panthers Regent Tractor
Chiefs Regent Tractor
Colts Regent Tractor
Badgers Regent Tractor
Hawkeyes Regent Tractor
Wolverines Regent Tractor
Spartans Regent Tractor
Nittany Lions Regent Tractor
Packers Regent Tractor
Mower Decks
Mfg. No.
1692358
1692589
1692744
1692851
1692875
Description
38” Mower Deck
38” Mower Deck
44” Mower Deck
44” Mower Deck
38" Mower Deck (Packers)
16HP Hydro Tractors
Mfg. No.
1692762
1692770
1692831
1692835
Description
Regent, 16HP Hydro
Regent, 16HP Hydro (Export)
516H, 16HP Hydro
2516H, 16HP Hydro
1713464-04
Note: This Replacement Operator’s Manual is a combination of several manuals no longer in production, but contains the same information as the Operator’s Manual furnished with the original tractor.
Superceedes 1714904,
1714905, 1716576, & 1717288
Rev 1/2003
TP 100-2013-04-RG-SMA
MANUFACTURING, INC.
500 N Spring Street / PO Box 997
Port Washington, WI 53074-0997
www.simplicitymfg.com
© Copyright 1996, Simplicity Manufacturing, Inc.
All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
Table Of Contents
TRACTOR & MOWER IDENTIFICATION .....................2
TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR...............................18
General...............................................................................18
Troubleshooting The Tractor ..............................................18
Troubleshooting The Mower ...............................................19
Checking the Battery ..........................................................20
Charging A Completely
Discharged Battery ..........................................................20
Jump Starting with
Auxiliary (Booster) Battery ...............................................20
SAFETY RULES ............................................................3
DECALS.........................................................................5
FEATURES & CONTROLS ...........................................6
Controls - Hydro Models .......................................................6
Controls - Gear Models.........................................................6
OPERATION ..................................................................7
General.................................................................................7
Safety Interlock System ........................................................7
Mower Installation & Removal.............................................8
Adjusting Mower Height .......................................................8
Checks Before Starting ........................................................9
Clutch/Brake Pedal - Gear Models .......................................9
Parking Brake .......................................................................9
Starting The Engine..............................................................9
Driving The Tractor ...............................................................9
Stopping the Tractor ...........................................................10
Pushing the Tractor by Hand .............................................10
ADJUSTMENTS...........................................................22
Seat Adjustment .................................................................22
Steering Gear Adjustment ..................................................22
Brake Spring Adjustment ...................................................22
Brake Adjustment - Hydro...................................................23
Brakel Adjustment - Gear ...................................................23
Mower Adjustments ............................................................24
Leveling The Mower .........................................................24
Blade Brake Check...........................................................25
BELT REPLACEMENT ................................................25
Mower Belt Replacement .......................................25
Tractor Drive Belt Replacement .............................26
MOWING TIPS.............................................................11
NORMAL CARE ..........................................................13
Schedule.............................................................................13
Raising the Hood & Seat ...................................................13
Checking/Adding Gasoline .................................................13
Checking Tire Pressure ......................................................14
Checking the Fuel Filter......................................................14
Lubrication ..........................................................................14
Transaxle - Hydro Models...................................................15
Battery Maintenance...........................................................15
Checking Battery Fluid.....................................................15
Cleaning the Battery and Cables.....................................15
Servicing the Mower Blades ...............................................16
SPECIFICATIONS........................................................27
PARTS & ACCESSORIES...........................................28
Replacement Parts .............................................................28
Maintenance Items .............................................................28
Optional Accessories..........................................................28
Technical Literature ............................................................28
INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS......................................29
NOTE: In this manual, “left” and “right” are referred to as
seen from the operating position.
STORAGE ...................................................................17
Temporary Storage.............................................................17
Long Term Storage.............................................................17
Starting After Storage .........................................................17
WARNING
Engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals know, in certain quantities, to cause cancer,
birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
Printed in USA.
1
Tractor & Mower Identification
IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS
PRODUCT
•
•
DATA
Model Description Name/Number
Record your model name/number, tractor and mower
deck manufacturer numbers and engine serial number in
the space provided for easy reference.
•
REFERENCE
Tractor M/N (Manufacturer’s Number)
S/N (Serial Number)
The Tractor I.D. tag is located on the left-side, of the
frame, as shown below.
Mower Deck M/N (Manufacturer’s Number)
S/N (Serial Number)
The Mower Deck I.D. tag is also on the left side, on
top of the mower deck.
Dealer Name
Date Purchased
For location of Engine Serial Number, refer to the
Engine Owner’s Manual.
ENGINE REFERENCE DATA
Be sure to fill out and return the Warranty Registration
Card supplied with your tractor.
Engine Make/Model
Tractor
Identification Tag
Engine ID/Serial Number
Mower Deck
Identification Tag
Figure 1. Identification Tags Location
03
2
Safety Rules
Read these safety rules and follow them closely. Failure to obey these rules could result in loss of control of
unit, severe personal injury or death to you, or bystanders, or damage to property or equipment. This mowing deck is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. The triangle
in text signifies important cautions or warnings which must be followed.
GENERAL OPERATION
WARNING - SLOPE OPERATION
Never operate on slopes greater than 30 percent
(16.7°) which is a rise of three feet vertically in 10 feet
horizontally. When operating on slopes that are
greater than 15 percent (8.5°) but less than 30 percent
use front counterweights and rear wheel weights (see
your dealer). Select slow ground speed before driving
onto slope. In addition to front and rear weights, use
extra caution when operating on slopes with rearmounted grass catcher. Mow UP and DOWN the slope,
never across the face, use caution when changing
directions and DO NOT START OR STOP ON SLOPE.
• Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the
manual and on the unit before starting.
• Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with
the instructions, to operate the unit.
• Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire,
etc., which could be picked up and thrown by the
blade(s).
• Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing. Stop unit if anyone enters the area.
Do
• Never carry passengers.
• See your authorized dealer for recommendations of
wheel weights or counterweights to improve stability.
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
Always look down and behind before and while travelling in reverse.
• Mow up and down slopes, not across.
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
• Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do
not point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower
without either the entire grass catcher or the deflector
in place.
• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could
overturn the unit. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
• Slow down before turning.
• Use slow speed. Choose a low gear so that you will
not have to stop or shift while on the slope.
• Never leave a running unit unattended. Always
disengage the PTO, set parking brake, stop engine,
and remove keys before dismounting.
• Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments. These can change the stability of the unit.
• Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual.
Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.
• Turn off the PTO switch to disengage the blades
when not mowing.
Do Not
• Stop engine before removing grass catcher or
unclogging chute.
• Do not start or stop on a slope. If tires lose traction,
disengage the blade(s) and proceed slowly straight
down the slope.
• Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.
• Do not operate the unit while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
• Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then,
turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
• Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing
roadways.
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments. The mower could suddenly turn over if a
wheel is over the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge
caves in.
• Use extra care when loading or unloading the unit
into a trailer or truck.
SLOPE OPERATION
• Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could
cause sliding.
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and
tip-over accidents, which can result in severe injury or
death. All slopes require extra caution. If you cannot
back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not mow it.
• Do not try to stabilize the unit by putting your foot on
the ground.
• Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.
3
Safety Rules
b) Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the engine
running. Allow engine to cool before refueling. Do
not smoke.
CHILDREN
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to
the presence of children. Children are often attracted to
the unit and the mowing activity. Never assume that children will remain where you last saw them.
c) Never refuel the unit indoors.
• Never run a unit in an enclosed area.
• Keep children out of the mowing area and under the
watchful care of another responsible adult.
• Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade attachment
bolts, tight and keep equipment in good condition.
• Be alert and turn unit off if children enter the area.
• Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper
operation regularly.
• Before and during reverse operation, look behind and
down for small children.
• Keep unit free of grass, leaves, or other debris buildup. Clean up oil or fuel spillage.
• Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe unit operation.
• Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an
object. Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
• Never allow children to operate the unit.
• Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine
running unless specified otherwise in the engine
manufacturer’s manual.
• Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
trees, or other objects that may obscure vision.
TRANSPORTING AND STORAGE
• Grass catcher components are subject to wear, damage, and deterioration, which could expose moving
parts or allow objects to be thrown. Frequently check
components and replace with manufacturer’s recommended parts, when necessary.
WARNING
When transporting this tractor on an open trailer,
make sure unit is facing forward, toward the
direction of travel. If tractor is facing backward,
wind lift could cause damage to the hood.
• Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap the
blade(s) or wear gloves, and use extra caution when
servicing them.
• Always observe safe refueling and fuel handling practices when refueling the tractor after transportation or
storage.
• Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service
as required.
• Use only factory authorized replacement parts when
making repairs.
• Always follow the engine manual instructions for
storage preparations before storing the tractor for
both short and long term periods.
• Always comply with factory specifications on all
settings and adjustments.
• Always follow the engine manual instructions for
proper start-up procedures when returning the unit to
service.
• Only authorized service locations should be utilized
for major service and repair requirements.
• Never store the unit or fuel container inside where
there is an open flame or pilot light, such as in a
water heater. Allow unit to cool before storing.
• Never attempt to make major repairs on this unit
unless you have been properly trained. Improper service procedures can result in hazardous operation,
equipment damage and voiding of manufacturer’s
warranty.
SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE
• Use extra care in handling gasoline and other fuels.
They are flammable and vapors are explosive.
WARNING
Never place hands near the hydro pump cooling
fan when the tractor is running. Cooling fan is
located on top of transaxle on hydro models.
a) Use only an approved container.
4
Safety Decals
All WARNING, CAUTION and instructional messages on
your tractor and mower should be carefully read and
obeyed. Personal bodily injury can result when these
instructions are not followed. The information is for your
safety and it is important! The safety decals below are on
your tractor and mower.
GENERAL
This unit has been designed and manufactured to provide you with the safety and reliability you would expect
from an industry leader in outdoor power equipment
manufacturing.
Although reading this manual and the safety instructions
it contains will provide you with the necessary basic
knowledge to operate this equipment safely and effectively, we have placed several safety labels on the unit to
remind you of this important information while you are
operating your tractor.
If any of these decals are lost or damaged, replace them
at once. See your local dealer for replacements.
These labels are easily applied and will act as a constant
visual reminder to you, and others who may use the
equipment, to follow the safety instructions necessary for
safe, effective operation.
DANGER
THROTTLE
Choke
ROTATING CUTTING BLADE
DO NOT OPERATE MOWER
WITHOUT DEFLECTOR
OR ENTIRE GRASS
CATCHER IN PLACE
Fast
DO NOT TOW TRACTOR!
Damage may result to transmission
Slow
OPERATION
To Start Engine
DANGER
• Seat must be occupied, ground speed control pedal in neutral,
PTO switch must be off, and clutch/brake pedal depressed.
DO NOT OPERATE MOWER
WITHOUT DEFLECTOR
OR ENTIRE GRASS
CATCHER IN PLACE
Decal - Danger
Part No. 1704276 (top decal)
Part No. 1704277 (bottom decal)
Ignition Switch
OFF
RUN
When Operator Leaves Seat
START
Parking Brake
• Put ground speed control pedal in neutral,
turn PTO switch off, and set parking brake.
ROTATING CUTTING BLADE
PTO Switch
To Set Parking Brake
• Pull knob UP while clutch/brake pedal is depressed.
• Release clutch/brake pedal while holding knob.
Traction Control
• To stop tractor motion, fully depress clutch/brake pedal.
• On hydrostatic drive tractors, movement of traction pedal
from neutral, in either direction, increases ground speed.
To Release Parking Brake
• Depress clutch/brake pedal.
• Push knob DOWN while clutch/brake pedal is depressed.
Mower
Height
Adjust
Clutch/Brake
Pedal
To Operate PTO Clutch
• The operator must be in seat.
• To engage PTO, pull PTO switch up.
• To disengage PTO, push PTO switch down.
Mower DOWN
Mower UP
WARNING
AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH
• Read operator's manual(s).
• Know location and function of all controls.
• Keep safety devices (guards, shields, and switches)
in place and working.
• Remove objects that could be thrown by the blade.
• Do not mow when children or others are around.
• Never carry children.
• Look down and behind before and while backing.
• Avoid sudden turns.
DANGER
• If you cannot back up a hill, do not operate on it.
• Go up and down slopes, not across.
• If machine stops going uphill, stop blade and
back down slowly.
• Be sure blade(s) and engine are stopped before
placing hands or feet near blade(s).
• When leaving machine, shut off engine, remove
key, and set parking brake.
DANGER
ROTATING BLADES CUT
OFF ARMS AND LEGS
OPERATING ON SLOPES
CAN BE DANGEROUS
STOP MOWER WHEN
CHILDREN ARE NEAR.
SEE OPERATOR'S MANUAL.
NO RIDERS — THEY FALL OFF.
IF YOU CANNOT BACK-UP
A HILL —DO NOT DRIVE ON IT.
1716530
Decal - Hydro Release Valve
Part No. 1708918
Decal - Operating Instructions
Part No. 1716530
03
5
Features & Controls
CONTROLS - HYDRO MODEL
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
Steering Wheel
Engine Throttle Control
Parking Brake Knob
Ignition Key/Switch
Headlight Switch
PTO (Electric Clutch) Switch
Mower Height Adjustment Lever
Brake Pedal
Forward Direction Pedal
Rear Direction Pedal
A
H
G
I
B
F
E
D
J
C
Figure 2. Tractor & Mower Controls - Hydro Model
CONTROLS - GEAR MODEL
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
Steering Wheel
Engine Throttle Control
Parking Brake Knob
Ignition Key/Switch
Headlight Switch
PTO (Electric Clutch) Switch
Mower Height Adjustment Lever
Clutch/Brake Pedal
Gear Selector
A
H
G
B
E
I
F
D
C
Figure 3. Tractor & Mower Controls - Gear Model
6
Operation
GENERAL
SAFETY INTERLOCK SYSTEM
Before first time operation, drive in an open area without
mowing, to become accustomed to the unit. Be sure to
read all information in the Safety and Operation sections
before attempting to operate this tractor and mower.
Your tractor is equipped with a seat switch safety system. Check the seat switch operation every fall and
spring with the following three tests.
Test 1 - Engine should NOT crank if any of
the following conditions exist:
WARNING - SLOPE OPERATION
Never operate on slopes greater than 30 percent
(16.7°) which is a rise of three feet vertically in 10 feet
horizontally. When operating on slopes that are
greater than 15 percent (8.5°) but less than 30 percent
use front counterweights and rear wheel weights (see
your dealer). Select slow ground speed before driving
onto slope. In addition to front and rear weights, use
extra caution when operating on slopes with rearmounted grass catcher. Mow UP and DOWN the slope,
never across the face, use caution when changing
directions and DO NOT START OR STOP ON SLOPE.
• Transmission is out of neutral.
• PTO switch is engaged.
• Clutch/brake pedal is not fully depressed.
Test 2 - Engine should crank if ALL of the
following conditions are met:
• Transmission is in neutral.
• PTO switch is disengaged.
• Clutch/brake pedal is fully depressed.
Never allow passengers to ride on the unit.
Test 3 - Engine should shut off if any of the
following conditions exist:
WARNING
• Operator rises off seat with transmission in gear and
the clutch/brake pedal not fully depressed, and/or the
parking brake is not set.
WARNING
Towing the tractor will cause transmission damage. Do not use another vehicle to push or pull
tractor.
• Operator rises off seat with clutch/brake pedal not
depressed;
• Operator rises off seat with PTO engaged.
WARNING
NOTE: Once the engine has stopped, the PTO switch (F,
figures 2 & 3) must be turned off after operator returns to
the seat in order to start the engine.
To reduce fire hazard, keep the engine and
mower free of grass, leaves and excess grease.
WARNING
If the tractor does not pass the test, do not operate tractor. See your authorized dealer. Under no
circumstance should you attempt to defeat the
purpose of the safety system.
WARNING
The interlock safety switches are for your safety.
Do not attempt to bypass them.
7
Operation
C
A
C
A
B
B
Figure 4. Mower Deck - Right Side
A. Clip
C. Height Adjustment Lever
B. Pin & Clip
Figure 5. Mower Deck - Left Side (38” Deck Shown)
A. Rod
B. Pin & Clip
C. Lever
MOWER INSTALLATION & REMOVAL
WARNING
Engage parking brake, disengage PTO, stop
engine and remove key before attempting to
install or remove the mower.
NOTE: Perform mower removal and installation on a
hard, level surface such as a concrete floor.
1. Turn the front wheels of the tractor full left.
2. Place the mower in lowest cutting position.
A
B
3. Remove clip (A, figure 4) from right side of rod. Pull
rod (A, figure 5) out from left side.
4. Move lever (C, figure 5) towards the right side of tractor to release belt tension, then slide belt off of PTO
pulley.
Figure 6. Front Hitch
A. Release Rod
5. Disconnect the front hitch by pulling out on the
release rod (A, figure 6) and lifting the mower hitch
off the tractor hitch. Slide the mower deck out from
under the right side of the tractor.
B. Hitch
A
B
6. Install the mower in the reverse order.
NOTE: When installing rod (A, figure 5), turning the front
wheels slightly left or right helps to align the holes.
ADJUSTING MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT
NOTE: Perform adjustment on a hard, level surface such
as a concrete floor.
1. Set the mower height adjustment lever (A, figure &)
to the desired cutting height.
2. Remove the pin & clip (B, figures 7) from each mower
deck front gauge wheel.
3/4"- 1"with Height Adjuster Lever in lower 3 slots
2" with Height Adjuster Lever in upper 3 slots
3. Adjust the gauge wheels to achieve the appropriate
mower deck-to-ground clearance, as shown in figure
7. Reinstall pin & clip to each wheel.
Figure 7. Adjusting Mower Deck Gauge Wheels
A. Mower Height Adjustment Lever
B. Pin & Clip
8
Operation
CHECKS BEFORE STARTING
B
1. Make sure you have proper wheel or counterweights
installed if required. See Slope Operation in the
Safety Rules section. Make sure any slopes are within required limits.
A
2. Check that crankcase is filled to full mark on dipstick.
See the engine Operator’s Manual for instructions
and oil recommendations.
3. Make sure all nuts, bolts, screws and pins are in
place and tight.
4. Make sure you can reach all controls from operator’s
positions. If not, see SEAT ADJUSTMENT.
5. Fill the gasoline tank with fresh gasoline. Fill to bottom of filler neck to avoid spillage and overflow. DO
NOT mix oil with gasoline. Refer to engine manual for
gasoline recommendations.
Figure 8. Clutch/Brake Pedal Operation
A. Clutch/Brake Pedal - Gear Model
Brake Pedal - Hydro Model
B. Parking Brake Knob
WARNING
Gasoline is highly flammable and must be handled with care. Never fill the tank when the
engine is still hot from recent operation. Do not
allow open flame, smoking or matches in the
area. Avoid overfilling and wipe up any spills.
6. Move the engine throttle control (B, figures 2 & 3) to
SLOW. Warm up the engine by running it for at least
a minute before engaging the PTO switch or driving
the tractor
CLUTCH/BRAKE PEDAL OPERATION
DRIVING THE TRACTOR
On gear model, depressing the pedal (A, figure 8)
halfway disengages the transmission drive. Depressing
pedal further applies the tractor brake.
WARNING
Make sure desired direction of travel is clear of
objects, people and animals.
On hydro model, depressing the pedal applies the tractor brake.
On hydro model, ground speed is infinitely variable
according to how far the pedals (I & J, figure 2) are
moved in the forward or reverse position.
On gear model, ground speed is selected by fully
depressing the clutch/brake pedal, then moving the gear
selector (I, figure 3) to the appropriate position. Most
mowing is done in 3rd or 4th gear with engine speed
between 3/4 and full speed. If the terrain is rough, hilly or
sloping, use first or second gear. If the grass is wet or
over three inches (76mm) high, use full engine speed
(with low gear) so the mower will have enough power to
cut the grass. Shift gears only with tractor stopped and
clutch/brake pedal fully depressed.
PARKING BRAKE
Parking brake can be applied by fully depressing the
brake pedal (A, figures 8), then pulling up on the parking
brake knob (B, figure 8).
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. While sitting in the operator seat, set the parking
brake.
2. Set engine throttle control (B, figures 2 & 3) all the
way up to CHOKE. A warm engine may not require
choking.
3. Disengage the PTO by pushing the switch all the way
down (F, figures 2 & 3)
4. On hydro models, with your foot off the pedals (I &
J, figure 2) the tractor is in the neutral position.
On gear models, put the gear selector (I, figure 3) in
neutral.
5. Insert the key into the ignition switch (D, figure 2 & 3)
and turn it to START.
1. If you are ready to mow, set the mower to the desired
cutting height. See Adjusting Mower Cutting Height,
page 8.
2. Set engine throttle control (B, figures 2 & 3) for
desired speed. Between 3/4 and full speed is recommended for mowing.
3. Engage the mower PTO by pulling up on the switch
(F, figures 2 & 3).
9
Operation
4. On hydro model, release the parking brake by
depressing the brake pedal (A, figure 8), then press
down on either pedal (I or J, figure 2) for the desired
direction and speed of travel.
On gear model, fully depress clutch/brake pedal (A,
figure 8) to release the parking brake and disengage
the clutch. Use the gear selector (I, figure 3) to select
the gear best suited for conditions, then slowly
release clutch/brake pedal to engage clutch and start
tractor in motion.
PUSHING THE TRACTOR BY HAND
WARNING
Do not tow the tractor. Damage will result to the
transmission/transaxle.
Hydro Model
1. With engine off and key removed, disengage the
PTO by pushing the switch (F, figures 2 & 3) all the
way down.
STOPPING THE TRACTOR
2. See figure 9. The release lever is located under the
rear tractor frame, above the transmission. Release
lever must be in the rearward position to push the
tractor by hand.
1. On hydro model, gradually take your foot off the pedals (I & J, figure 2) to make a smooth stop. To make a
more rapid stop, depress the brake pedal (H, figure 2).
On gear model, press the clutch/brake pedal (A, figure 8) down only far enough to disengage the clutch
to make a gradual stop. For a more rapid stop, press
pedal down fully to apply the brake.
2. Engage the parking brake by pulling up on the knob
(B, figure 8) with the brake pedal fully depressed.
3. Disengage the PTO by pushing down on the switch
(F, figures 2 & 3).
4. Set engine throttle control to SLOW. Stopping a hot
engine too fast may cause engine damage. Let
engine idle for about a minute.
5. Turn key to OFF and remove it.
To drive the tractor, release lever must be moved
completely forward to engage the DRIVE position.
Gear Model
1. With engine off and key removed, disengage the
PTO by pushing the switch (F, figures 2 & 3) all the
way down.
2. Place the gear selector in the NEUTRAL position.
3. Unlock parking brake.
WARNING
Before leaving the operator’s position for any
reason, engage the parking brake, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine and remove the key.
WARNING
To reduce fire hazard, keep the engine, tractor
and mower free of grass, leaves and excess
grease. Do not stop or park tractor over dry
leaves, grass or combustible materials.
Release lever
Figure 9. Release Lever - Hydro Models
10
Mowing Patterns & Tips
• For dry conditions where grass blow-out is a problem:
a. Use sharp blades.
GENERAL
For the first use of the mower, choose a smooth level
area. Cut long straight strips overlapping slightly.
The size and type of area to be mowed determines the
best mowing pattern to use. Obstructions such as trees,
fences and buildings must also be considered. Where
possible, make one or two passes in a counterclockwise
direction around the outside of the area to keep the cut
grass off fences and walks. The remainder of the mowing should be done in a clockwise direction so the clippings are dispersed on the cut area.
Keep in mind the following lawn care and mowing tips:
• Too much maintenance is as detrimental to your lawn
as neglect.
• Mow when grass is 3-5 inches tall. Don’t cut shorter
than 2 to 2-1/2 inches. Cut only the top one-third of the
grass blade. Cutting below this level can lead to thatch
problems. Your mower has a cutting height adjustment
that can help you maintain a proper length.
• For extremely tall grass, set the cutting height at
maximum for the first pass, and then reset to the
desired height and mow again.
• Mow often. Short clippings of an inch or less decompose more quickly than longer blades.
• Keep the blades on your mower sharp for finer clippings.
• Let grass grow a bit longer when it is hot to reduce
heat build-up and protect grass from heat damage.
• Use slow-release fertilizer for slow, even growth.
• Don’t cover grass surface with a heavy layer of clippings. Consider using a grass collection system and
starting a compost pile.
• Aerate lawn in spring, consider renting an aerator
which removes cores of soil from the lawn. This
increases the speed of clipping decomposition and
deep root growth by opening up the soil and permitting
greater movement of water, fertilizer and air.
• Don’t over-water. Too much water can encourage
disease development.
• Mow when the grass is dry, preferably in the late
afternoon when the temperatures are cooler.
• Where possible, change patterns occasionally to
eliminate matting, graining or a corrugated appearance.
• For wet grasses, grasses prone to wheel tracking and
for collecting clippings:
a. Use sharp blades.
b. Adjust deck flat to 1/8" maximum lower in front.
c. Use 3/4 engine speed.
d. Clean deck of built-up material/caked-on grass.
MULCHING MOWER OPERATION
(OPTIONAL KIT ATTACHMENT)
Mulching
Mulching consists of actually cutting and recutting clippings into tiny particles and blowing them into the lawn.
These tiny particles decompose rapidly into by-products
your lawn can use. Under proper conditions, your
mulching mower will virtually eliminate noticeable clippings on the lawn surface.
Keep in mind these mulching tips:
• Use mulching mower or mulcher kit without shredders for grass mulching.
• Install shredders for leaf shredding.
• Use maximum engine speed.
• Raise height of cut if excessive power is used.
• Must use sharp blades. Do not use lift tabs or high lift
blade when mulching.
• Adjust to lower ground speeds in heavy grass or if
wind rowing is present.
• Clean deck of built-up material/caked-on grass.
• Check for free movement of mower idler pulley.
Mowing Conditions
The best mulching results from mowing when lawn is dry
and grass blades are not over 5" long. Follow these
guidelines for best results:
• Do not use the mower as a mulching mower during
the first two or three mowings in the spring. The long
grass blades, quick growth, and often wetter conditions are more suitable for side-discharge (broadcasting) or grass bagging operation.
• Avoid mulching after rain or heavy dew. It may be
better to mow later in the day or early evening when
lawn is drier.
b. Adjust deck 1/4" higher in front than in rear.
c. Run at maximum engine speed but slow ground
speed.
d. Clean deck of built-up material/caked-on grass.
e. Check for free movement of mower idler pulley.
11
Mowing Patterns & Tips
• Change the mowing pattern each time.
• If mulching baffles are removed, the original deflector
must be in operating position for safe side-discharge
mowing.
The Best Combination
We recommend that you experiment with the height of
cut position and tractor ground speed that will give you
the best cut. Start with a higher cutting height and try
increasing lower settings until you find a cutting height
that is matched to your mowing conditions and preferences. Since mulching requires more horsepower than
side-discharging, using a slower ground speed is important for proper mulching operation.
How Much Grass To Cut Off
Removing too much grass height in one cutting may
result in an unsatisfactory cut: wind rowing, clumping, or
uneven dispersal of clippings may result. It is best to
mow when the grass is between 3"- 5" tall, although this
will depend on your personal preference for lawn appearance. A good rule to follow is to cut only the top onethird of the grass blade at a time (maximum of 1-1/2").
Cutting more off the grass blade, particularly in wet
spring conditions, can lead to thatch problems.
Clippings Are Beneficial
A common misconception about clippings is that they
automatically lead to thatch. However, clippings produced by mulching methods actually contribute to a
healthy lawn because they:
• Act as a safe, non-polluting and inexpensive fertilizer
that nourishes your lawn. Fresh cut blades are a rich
source of nitrogen which is essential to lush growth.
And one garbage bag of clippings contains about 1/4
lb. of usable organic nitrogen.
• Reduce the evaporation of water from your lawn.
• Provide a cushioning layer to reduce lawn wear.
• Moderate soil temperature.
• Save money normally spent on trash bags.
Optimal cutting point
This area can contribute
to thatch
Leaf Shredding
(For use with Mulcher Kit Only)
Patented Shredder Blades virtually eliminate raking
leaves. Up to 512 cutting edges pulverize leaves into tiny
particles, which quickly and naturally decompose into
food for your lawn. Shredder Blades must be removed
when you choose to mulch grass clippings.
Engine Speed & Ground Speed
Use full engine throttle matched with a slower ground
speed so that clippings will be finely cut. A better cut
may result from cutting the same area in two passes,
each time cutting only 3/4" of grass blade. Short clippings of 1" or less decompose more quickly than longer
blades.
NOTE: When mulching under heavy cutting conditions, a
rumbling sound may be present and is normal.
The Proper Equipment
Always keep the mower blades sharp and balanced.
Blades should be sharpened at the beginning of every
mowing season. If the tips of grass blades brown after
cutting, this may be a sign of dull blades tearing, rather
than cutting, the grass blades.
Keep the underside of the mower deck and baffles clean
so that clippings are properly circulated, chopped, and
discharged back into the lawn.
Leaf Shredder Kit
Part No. 1686609
(Contains 8 shredders)
12
Normal Care
SCHEDULE
The following schedule should be followed for normal care of your tractor and mower. You will need to keep a record
of your operating time. Determining operating time is easily accomplished by multiplying the time it takes to do one
job by the number of times you’ve done the job, or you can install the optional hour meter.
Safety Items
Check safety interlock system.
Check tractor brakes.
Check mower blade brake.
Normal Care Items
Check tractor/ mower for loose hardware.
Check engine oil level.
Check engine air filter.
Change engine oil and filter.**
Lubricate tractor & mower.
Check tire pressure
Change transmission fluid. (Hydro only)****
Check fuel filter.
Clean battery & cables
Clean/sharpen blades.
Inspect spark plug(s).
See
Page
7
22
24
Check belt tension.
Before
Before
First Use Each Use
–
*
*
*
14
14
–
14
15
16
*
Every
5 Hours
Every 25
Hours
Every 100 Spring
Hours
& Fall
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
***●
***Every 50 hrs.
***●
●
●
***●
**●
Only if transaxle is serviced.
●
●
●
●
*
●
* See the engine manufacturer's owner's manual.
** Change original engine oil after first 5 hours of operation.
*** More often in hot (over 85° F: 30° C) weather or dusty operating conditions.
**** Transaxle is a sealed unit and requires no regular interval fluid changes.
RAISING THE HOOD & SEAT
Hood recess
1. To raise the hood, grasp the hood recess (figure 10)
on top, then pivot the hood up and forward.
2. To raise the seat for battery access, tilt seat forward.
CHECKING/ADDING GASOLINE
CAUTION
Do not run the engine with the hood raised.
Engine heat will cause damage to the headlight
bezel and hood.
CAUTION
Never use gasoline containing METHANOL, gasohol containing more than 10% ethanol, gasoline
additives, premium gasoline, or white gas because
engine/fuel system damage could result.
Raise the hood and check the fuel tank to be sure there
is enough gasoline to complete the job. To add gasoline,
remove the gas cap. Do not overfill. Leave room in the
tank for fuel expansion. Refer to your engine manual for
gasoline recommendations. Install and hand tighten the
gas cap.
Figure 10. Gas Tank Located Under Hood
13
●
Normal Care
CHECKING TIRE PRESSURE
Front tire pressure should be 12 - 15 psi (82 - 103 kPa).
Rear tire pressure should be 10 - 12 psi (56 - 82 kPa).
CHECKING FUEL FILTER
The fuel filter is located in fuel line between fuel tank and
carburetor. If filter is dirty or clogged, replace as follows.
Place a container below filter to catch spilled gasoline.
WARNING
Do not remove fuel filter when engine is hot, as
spilled gasoline may ignite. DO NOT spread hose
clamps further than necessary. Ensure clamps
grip hoses firmly over filter after installation.
1. Using a pliers, open and slide hose clamps from fuel
filter.
2. Remove hoses from filter.
3. Install new filter in proper flow direction in fuel line.
Secure with hose clamps. See warning at beginning
of procedure.
LUBRICATION
Lubricate the tractor as shown in figures 11 & 12. When
a grease gun is shown, wipe the fitting clean, apply two
or three shots of lithium base automotive grease
(Simplicity part no. 103077), and wipe off excess grease.
When an oil can is shown, wipe the area clean, apply a
few drops of oil (SAE 30), then wipe up drips or spills.
Figure 11. Lubricating Tractor
Figure 12. Lubricating Mower Deck
14
Normal Care
TRANSAXLE - HYDRO MODELS
B
The hydro transaxle is a sealed unit. The transaxle is
filled with oil and does not require any further lubrication
unless a service overhaul is performed
C
BATTERY MAINTENANCE
D
Checking the Battery Fluid
1. Raise the seat by tilting it forward to gain access to
the battery.
A
WARNING
Be careful when handling the battery. Avoid
spilling electrolyte. Keep flames and sparks
away from the battery.
Figure 13. Battery
A. Positive Battery Terminal C. Battery Cap
B. Negative Battery Terminal D. Battery Clamp
2. Remove battery filler cap (C, figure 13). Fluid must be
even with split ring full mark. If not, add distilled water.
3. Reinstall filler cap.
2. Remove the battery clamp (D, figure 13), then
remove the battery.
Cleaning the Battery and Cables
3. Scrub the battery, cables and battery compartment
with baking soda and water.
WARNING
4. Clean the battery terminals and cable clamps with a
wire brush and battery post terminal cleaner.
When removing or installing battery cables, disconnect the negative cable FIRST and reconnect
it LAST. If not done in this order, the positive
terminal can be shorted to the frame by a tool.
5. Reinstall battery and clamp.
6. Connect cables, positive cable first. Position positive
cable over seat switch harness to prevent harness
from becoming pinched in seat pivot.
1. Disconnect the cables from the battery, negative
cable first (B, figure 13).
7. Coat cable clamps and terminals with grease or
petroleum jelly.
15
Normal Care
SERVICING THE MOWER BLADES
WARNING
For your personal safety, do not handle the
sharp mower blades with bare hands. Careless
or improper handling of blades may result in
serious injury.
Loosen
1. Remove mower from the tractor. See Mower
Installation & Removal.
2. Blades should be sharp and free of nicks and dents.
If not, sharpen blades as described in following steps.
3. To remove blade for sharpening, use wooden block
to hold blade while removing the blade mounting capscrew (figure 14).
Wood
Block
4. Use a file to sharpen blade to fine edge. Remove all
nicks and dents in blade edge. If blade is severely
damaged, it should be replaced.
Blade Mounting
Capscrew
Figure 14. Removing the Blade
5. Balance the blade as shown in figure 15. Center the
blades’ hole on a nail lubricated with a drop of oil. A
balanced blade will remain level.
Workbench
6. Reinstall each blade with the tabs pointing up toward
deck as shown in figure 16. Secure with a capscrew,
spring washer and hex washer. Use a wooden block
to prevent blade rotation and torque capscrews to 5070 ft.lbs. (67-95 N.m.).
WARNING
Nail
For your personal safety, blade mounting capscrews must each be installed with a hex washer
and spring washer, then securely tightened.
Torque blade mounting capscrew to 50 - 70
ft. lbs. (67 - 95 N.m.)
Figure 15. Balancing The Blade
Figure 16. Installing The Blade
A. 4x4 Wood Block
C. Spring Washer
B. Hex Washer
D. Blade Bolt
16
Storage
WARNING
Never store the tractor, with gasoline in engine or fuel tank, in a heated shelter or in enclosed, poorly ventilated
enclosures. Gasoline fumes may reach an open flame, spark or pilot light (such as a furnace, water heater, clothes
dryer, etc.) and cause an explosion.
Handle gasoline carefully. It is highly flammable and careless use could result in serious fire damage to your person
or property.
Drain fuel into an approved container outdoors away from open flame or sparks.
TEMPORARY STORAGE
(30 DAYS OR LESS)
or other waterproof material to keep out moisture, dirt
and insects.
7. Completely grease and oil tractor as outlined in the
Normal Care section.
Remember, the fuel tank will still contain some gasoline, so
never store the tractor indoors or in any other area where
fuel vapor could travel to any ignition source. Fuel vapor is
also toxic if inhaled, so never store the tractor in any structure used for human or animal habitation.
8. Clean up tractor and apply paint or rust preventative to
any areas where paint is chipped or damaged.
9. Be sure the battery is filled to the proper level with water
and is fully charged. Battery life will be increased if it is
removed, put in a cool, dry place and fully charged
about once a month. If battery is left in tractor, disconnect the negative cable.
Here is a checklist of things to do when storing your tractor
temporarily or in between uses:
• Keep the tractor in an area away from where children
may come into contact with it. If there’s any chance of
unauthorized use, remove the spark plug (s) and put in
a safe place. Be sure the spark plug opening is protected from foreign objects with a suitable cover.
10. Drain fuel system completely or add a gasoline stabilizer
to the fuel system. If you have chosen to use a fuel stabilizer and have not drained the fuel system, follow all
safety instructions and storage precautions in this manual to prevent the possibility of fire from the ignition of
gasoline fumes. Remember, gasoline fumes can travel
to distant sources of ignition and ignite, causing risk of
explosion and fire.
• If the tractor can’t be stored on a reasonable level surface, chock the wheels.
• Clean all grass and dirt from the mower.
NOTE: If storing your tractor between winter snow removal
jobs in a cold area, we suggest that you fill the fuel tank at
the completion of each job to prevent water condensation in
the fuel tank. Wait for engine to cool before filling tank.
NOTE: Gasoline, if permitted to stand unused for extended
periods (30 days or more), may develop gummy deposits
which can adversely affect the engine carburetor and cause
engine malfunction. To avoid this condition, add a gasoline
stabilizer to the fuel tank or drain all fuel from the system
before placing unit in storage.
LONG TERM STORAGE
(LONGER THAN 30 DAYS)
STARTING AFTER
LONG TERM STORAGE
Before you store your tractor for the off-season, read the
Maintenance and Storage instructions in the Safety Rules
section, then perform the following steps:
Before starting the tractor after it has been stored for a long
period of time, perform the following steps.
1. Drain crankcase oil while engine is hot and refill with a
grade of oil that will be required when tractor is used
again.
1. Remove any blocks from under the tractor.
2. Install the battery if it was removed.
2. Prepare the mower deck for storage as follows:
3. Unplug the exhaust outlet and air cleaner.
a. Remove mower deck from the tractor.
b. Clean underside of mower deck.
4. Fill the fuel tank with fresh gasoline. See engine
manual for recommendations.
c. Coat all bare metal surfaces with paint or light coat of
oil to prevent rusting.
5. See engine owner’s manual and follow all instructions
for preparing engine after storage.
3. Clean external surfaces and engine.
6. Check crankcase oil level and add proper oil if
necessary.
4. Prepare engine for storage. See engine owner’s
manual.
7. Inflate tires to proper pressure. Check fluid levels.
5. Clean any dirt or grass from cylinder head cooling fins,
engine housing and air cleaner element.
8. Start the engine and let it run slowly. DO NOT run at
high speed immediately after starting. Be sure to run
engine only outdoors or in well ventilated area.
6. Cover air cleaner and exhaust outlet tightly with plastic
17
Troubleshooting & Repair
GENERAL
2. Carburetor adjusted incorrectly. See engine manual.
This section of the manual provides troubleshooting and
repair instructions for the more common and easily corrected problems. For other problems, it is recommended
that you contact your dealer.
3. Spark plug faulty, fouled, or incorrectly gapped.
Clean and gap or replace. See engine manual.
Engine knocks.
1. Low oil level. Check/add oil as required.
WARNING
2. Using wrong grade oil. See engine manual.
To avoid serious injury, perform maintenance on
the tractor or mower only when the engine is
stopped and the parking brake engaged. Always
remove the ignition key, disconnect spark plug
wire and fasten away from the plug before beginning the maintenance, to prevent accidental
starting of the engine.
Excessive oil consumption.
1. Engine running too hot. Clean engine fins, blower
screen and air cleaner.
2. Using wrong weight oil. See engine manual.
3. Too much oil in crankcase. Drain excessive oil.
Engine exhaust is black.
Locate the problem that best describes the trouble that
you have encountered. Check the possible causes one
at a time, in the order that they are listed.
1. Dirty air filter. Clean air filter. See engine manual.
2. Choke not fully open. Move control out of choke and
be sure choke opens fully. If problem still exists,
check carburetor adjustments. See engine manual.
TROUBLESHOOTING THE TRACTOR
Engine will not turnover or start.
Engine runs, but tractor will not drive.
1. Transmission not in neutral-start position. Place transmission in neutral.
1. Transmission in neutral. Shift in forward or reverse.
2. PTO switch in up position (engaged). Place switch in
down position to disengage PTO.
2. (Hydro models only) Transmission release lever in
“push” position. Move into drive position.
3. Out of fuel. Allow engine to cool then refill the fuel tank.
3. Belt is broken. See Drive Belt Replacement.
4. Engine flooded. Move throttle control out of CHOKE
position .
4. Drive belt slips. See problem and cause below.
5. Circuit breaker tripped. Wait one minute for automatic
reset. Replace if defective (see your dealer).
Tractor drive belt slips.
6. Battery terminals require cleaning. See Normal Care
section.
1. Pulleys or belt greasy or oily. Clean as required.
7. Battery discharged or dead. Recharge or replace.
3. Clutch rod binding in guide. Oil clutch rod.
8. Wiring loose or broken. Visually check wiring & replace
broken or frayed wires. Tighten loose connections.
Brake will not hold.
5. Brake not fully released.
2. Belt stretched or worn. Replace with correct belt.
1. Brake is incorrectly adjusted. See Brake Adjustment.
9. Solenoid or starter motor faulty. Repair or replace.
2. Internal brake disc on transaxle worn. See your
dealer.
10. Safety interlock switch or module faulty. Replace if
needed (see your dealer).
Tractor steers hard or handles poorly.
11. Spark plug faulty, fouled or incorrectly gapped. Clean
and gap or replace. See engine manual.
12. Water in fuel. Drain fuel & refill with fresh fuel.
1. Steering linkage is loose. Check and tighten any
loose connections. See Steering Gear Adjustment.
13. Old stale gas. Drain fuel & replace with fresh fuel.
2. Improper tire inflation. Check and correct.
14. Brake pedal not fully depressed (Gear model).
3. Spindle bearings dry. Grease spindles.
Engine starts hard or runs poorly.
Drive belt does not stop when clutch/brake
pedal depressed.
1. Fuel mixture too rich. Move control out of the choke
position. If problem still exists, clean the air filter.
1. Belt has shrunk. Replace belt.
18
Troubleshooting & Repair
Tractor will not move with transmission in
forward or reverse position.
Mower drive belt slips or fails to drive.
1. Mower drive belt broken. Replace.
1. Brake is not fully released. See Brake Adjustments.
CHECKING THE BATTERY
2. Transmission release lever (hydro models) not fully in
drive position. See Pushing The Tractor By Hand.
A voltmeter can be used to determine condition of battery. When engine is off, the voltmeter shows battery
voltage, which should be 12 volts. When engine is running, the voltmeter shows voltage of charging circuit
which normally is 13 to 14 volts.
TROUBLESHOOTING THE MOWER
Mower cut is uneven.
A dead battery or one too weak to start the engine may
not mean the battery needs to be replaced. It may, as an
example, mean that the alternator is not charging the
battery properly. If there is any doubt about the cause of
the problem, see your dealer. If you need to replace the
battery, follow the steps under Cleaning the Battery &
Cables in the Normal Care Section.
1. Tractor tires not inflated equally or properly. See
Normal Care.
2. Mower not leveled properly. See Mower Adjustment.
Mower cut is rough looking.
1. Engine speed too slow. Set to full speed.
2. Ground speed too fast.
CHARGING A COMPLETELY
DISCHARGED BATTERY
3. Blades dull and require sharpening. See Servicing
the Mower Blades.
4. Mower drive belt slipping. Belt oily or worn. Clean or
replace belt as necessary.
WARNING
5. Blades not properly fastened to arbors. See Servicing
the Mower Blades.
Do not attempt to charge a frozen battery. Allow
the battery to warm to 60° F (15.5° C) before placing on charge.
Engine stalls easily with mower engaged.
WARNING
1. Engine speed too slow. Set for 3/4 to full throttle.
2. Ground speed too fast.
Keep open flames and sparks away from the battery; the gasses coming from it are highly explosive. Ventilate the battery well during charging.
3. Carburetor not adjusted properly.
4. Cutting height set too low when mowing tall grass.
Cut tall grass at maximum cutting height during first
pass.
1. Be aware of all the safety precautions you should
observe during the charging operation. If you are
unfamiliar with the use of a battery charger and
hydrometer, have the battery serviced by your dealer.
2. Add water sufficient to cover the plate (fill to the proper level near the end of the charge). If the battery is
extremely cold, allow it to warm before adding water
because the water level will rise as it warms. Also, an
extremely cold battery will not accept a normal
charge until it becomes warm.
5. Discharge chute jamming with cut grass. Cut grass
with discharge pointing toward previously cut area.
Excessive mower vibration.
1. Blade mounting screws are loose. Torque to 50-70 ft.
lbs. (74 Nm).
2. Mower blades, arbors, or pulleys are bent. Check and
replace as necessary.
3. Always unplug or turn the charger off before attaching or removing the clamp connections.
3. Mower blades are out of balance. Remove, sharpen
and balance blades. See Servicing the Mower
Blades.
4. Carefully attach the clamps to the battery in proper
polarity (usually red to [+] positive and black to [-]
negative).
4. Belt installed incorrectly. See Belt Replacement.
Excessive belt breakage.
5. While charging, periodically measure the temperature
of the electrolyte. If the temperature exceeds 125° F
(51.6° C), or if violent gassing or spewing of electrolyte occurs, the charging rate must be reduced or
temporarily halted to prevent battery damage.
1. Bent or rough pulleys. Repair or replace.
2. Using incorrect belt. See your dealer.
3. Mower not leveled properly.
19
Troubleshooting & Repair
6. Charge the battery until fully charged (i.e. until the
specific gravity of the electrolyte is 1.250 or higher
and the electrolyte temperature is at least 60° F). The
best method of making certain a battery is fully
charged, but not over charged, is to measure the
specific gravity of a cell once per hour. The battery is
fully charged when the cells are gassing freely at low
charging rate and less than 0.003 change in specific
gravity occurs over a three hour period.
6. Connect the second cable negative (-) to other post
of booster battery.
7. Make final connection on engine block of stalled vehicle away from battery. Do not lean over batteries.
8. Start the engine of the vehicle with the booster battery. Wait a few minutes, then attempt to start the
engine of the vehicle with the discharged battery.
9. If the vehicle does not start after cranking for thirty
seconds, STOP PROCEDURE. More than thirty seconds seldom starts the engine unless some mechanical adjustment is made.
WARNING
For your personal safety, use extreme care when
jump starting. Never expose battery to open
flame or electric spark – battery action generates
hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive.
Do not allow battery acid to contact skin, eyes,
fabrics, or painted surfaces. Batteries contain a
sulfuric acid solution which can cause serious
personal injury or property damage.
10. After starting, allow the engine to return to idle speed.
Remove the cable connection at the engine or frame.
Then remove the other end of the same cable from
the booster battery.
11. Remove the other cable by disconnecting at the discharged battery first and then disconnect the opposite end from the booster battery.
12. Discard the damp cloths that were placed over the
battery vent caps.
JUMP STARTING WITH AUXILIARY
(BOOSTER) BATTERY
WARNING
Jump starting is not recommended. However, if it must
be done, follow these directions. Both booster and discharged batteries should be treated carefully when using
jumper cables. Follow the steps below EXACTLY, being
careful not to cause sparks. Refer to figure 17.
To avoid engine damage, do not disconnect battery while engine is running. Be sure terminal
connections are tight before starting.
1. Both batteries must be of the same voltage (6, 12,
etc.).
WARNING
Any procedure other than the preceding could
result in: (1) personal injury caused by electrolyte squirting out the battery vents, (2) personal injury or property damage due to battery
explosion, (3) damage to the charging system of
the booster vehicle or of the immobilized vehicle.
2. Position the vehicle with the booster battery adjacent
to the vehicle with the discharged battery so that
booster cables can be connected easily to the batteries in both vehicles. Make certain vehicles do not
touch each other.
3. Wear safety glasses and shield eyes and face from
batteries at all times. Be sure vent caps are tight.
Place damp cloth over vent caps on both batteries.
Do not attempt to jump start a vehicle having a
frozen battery because the battery may rupture
or explode. If a frozen battery is suspected,
examine all fill vents on the battery. If ice can be
seen or if the electrolyte fluid cannot be seen, do
not attempt to start with jumper cables as long
as the battery remains frozen.
4. Connect positive (+) cable to positive post of discharged battery (wired to starter or solenoid).
5. Connect the other end of same cable to same post
marked positive (+) on booster battery.
20
Troubleshooting & Repair
**1582
THIS HOOK-UP FOR NEGATIVE GROUND VEHICLES
To
Starter
Switch
To
Starter
Switch
Jumper Cable
Starting
Vehicle
Battery
Discharged
Vehicle
Battery
Jumper Cable
To Ground
Engine
Block
MAKE CERTAIN VEHICLES DO NOT TOUCH
Figure 17. Battery Jump Starting Diagram
Adjustments
A
A
B
2-7/8"-3"
Figure 18. Seat Adjustment
A. Seat Adjustment Lever
Figure 19. Brake Spring Adjustment
A. Nut
B. Spring
WARNING
To avoid serious injury, perform adjustments
only with engine stopped, key removed and tractor on level ground.
BRAKE ADJUSTMENT
1. Fully depress brake pedal and lock parking brake.
3. See figure 19. Adjust the brake rod nut (A) until
spring (B) is compressed to 2-7/8" - 3" length.
SEAT ADJUSTMENT
The seat can be moved forward and back by moving the
lever (A, figure 18) underneath the front of the seat, then
positioning the seat as desired.
21
Adjustments
View is from right side of tractor
with rear wheel removed.
B
A
C
D
A
B
C
Figure 21a. Forward Speed Adjustment - Hydro
A. Bolt
C.Hydro Control Lever
B. Control Rod
Figure 20. Neutral Adjustment - Hydro Model
A. Nut
C. Cam Slot
B. Neutral Adjustment Rod
D. Stop Pin
NEUTRAL ADJUSTMENT - HYDRO
If the tractor creeps forward or backward with the engine
running and both travel pedals released, perform the following adjustment:
1. Raise the rear of the tractor off the ground with suitable hoist or floor jack. Install jackstands underneath
the transaxle and block the front wheels.
2. Start the engine and release the parking brake while
keeping seat switch depressed.
3. See figure 20. Loosen the nut (A) securing the neutral adjustment rod (B). Move the rod until neutral is
found, then retighten the nut.
4. The stop pin (D, figure 20) should be positioned 1/8” 3/16” from the end of the cam slot (C, figure 20) as
shown when the front pedal edge is 1/4" above the
frame (pedal fully depressed). If it is not, proceed to
the Forward Speed Adjustment procedure below.
1 3/4”
Figure 21b. Forward Speed Adjustment - Hydro
FORWARD SPEED ADJUSTMENT - HYDRO
If the unit does not reach top speed with the forward
direction pedal fully depressed, perform the following
adjustment with the engine off and PTO disengaged.
1. See figures 21a & 21b. Loosen the nut (A, figure 21a)
securing the control rod (B) to the hydro control lever.
NOTE: Hydro control rod (B) should be on the inside of the
hydro control lever (C). If the rod is not in that position,
remove the hardware, reposition the rod as shown.
2. Position the pedal so the distance between the frame
and bottom edge of the pedal is 1-3/4" as shown in
figure 21b.
3. With pedal in this position, tighten the nut (A, figure 21a).
4. The stop pin (D, figure 20) should be positioned 1/8” to
3/16” from the end of the cam slot (C, figure 20) as shown
A
B
Figure 22. Neutral Adjustment - Gear Model
A. Hardware
B. Shaft
03
22
Adjustments
when the front pedal edge is 1/4" above the frame (pedal
fully depressed). If it is not, loosen nut (A, figure 21), readjust pedal as necessary, then retighten nut.
A
NEUTRAL ADJUSTMENT - GEAR
If the tractor creeps forward or backward with the gear
selector in the neutral gate and the engine running, perform the following adjustment:
1. Release the parking brake. Move the gear selector
until neutral is found and the tractor can be wheeled
freely back and forth.
2. See figure 22. Raise the seat and loosen the hardware (A) securing the gear selector shaft (B).
Figure 23. Steering Gear Adjustment
A. Capscrews
3. Place the gear selector shaft in the neutral gate and
retighten the hardware securing shaft.
STEERING GEAR ADJUSTMENT
If there is excessive slack in the steering system, the
steering gear back lash can be eliminated with the following adjustment.
1. See figure 23. Loosen the two capscrews and adjust
the bracket so the gear teeth are closely meshed.
2. Tighten capscrews after adjustment.
MOWER ADJUSTMENTS
WARNING
Before checking mower, shut off PTO and
engine. Allow all moving parts to stop. Remove
ignition key, then disconnect the spark plug wire
and fasten it away from the spark plug.
Measurement should be within 1/8"
Leveling The Mower
Figure 24. Leveling the Mower Deck Side-to-Side
(38” Mower Deck Shown)
If the cut is uneven, the mower may need leveling.
Unequal or improper tire pressure may also cause an
uneven cut. Tire pressure should be as follows:
• Front: 12 - 15 psi (82-103 kPa)
• Rear: 10 - 12 psi (56-82 kPa)
1. With the mower installed, place the tractor on a
smooth, level surface such as a concrete floor. Turn
the front wheels straight forward.
B
A
2. Check for bent blades and replace if necessary.
C
3. Place the mower in high-cut position. Arrange the
mower blades so that they are pointing from side-toside (figure 24).
4. See figure 24. Measure the distance between the
outside tips of each blade and the ground. If there is
more than 1/8" (3mm) difference between the measurements on each side, proceed to step 5. If the difference is 1/8" (3mm) or less, proceed to step 6.
Figure 25. Side-to-Side Adjustment
A. Outside Nut
B. Eccentric Nut
C. Taptite Screw
03
23
Adjustments
C
A
B
Figure 27. Front-to-Back Adjustment Nut
A. Outside Nut
C. Adjustment Nut
B. Eccentric Nut
Measurement should be equal or
within 1/8" higher at front tips
Figure 26. Leveling the Mower Deck Front-to-Back
38” Mower Deck Shown)
NOTE: If mower handle drops out of cutting height quadrant, turn adjustment nut (C, figure 27) clockwise to
increase spring tension. DO NOT tighten nut all the way
so that spring is solid.
5. See figure 25. Loosen the outside nut (A) and taptite
screw (C), then turn the eccentric nut (B) to raise or
lower the left side of the deck. When the mower deck
is level, hold the eccentric nut while tightening the
outside nut. Tighten the taptite screw (C).
Blade Brake Check
Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a
complete stop within five seconds after electric PTO
switch is turned off.
1. With tractor in neutral, PTO disengaged and operator
in seat, start the engine.
2. Look over the left-hand footrest at the mower drive
belt. Engage the PTO and wait several seconds.
Disengage the PTO and check the amount of time it
takes for the mower drive belt to stop.
3. If mower drive belt does not stop within five seconds,
see your dealer.
NOTE: When using a turbo collection system, front
gauge wheels should be adjusted so they rest on the
ground.
6. Arrange the blades so they face front-to-back (figure
26).
7. See figure 26. Measure the distance from the ground
to the front and rear tips of each blade. The measurement should be equal for both blades. Front tips
should be equal to rear tips or within 1/8" higher. If
not, proceed to step 8.
8. See figure 27. Loosen the outside nut (A) and turn
the eccentric nut (B) to raise or lower the rear of the
deck. When the mower deck is level, hold the eccentric nut while tightening the outside nut.
24
Belt Replacement
C
Frame
PTO shaft
B
A
B
A
C
Figure 29. Drive Belt Routing - Hydro Models
A. Engine Pulley
C. Idler Pulley
B. Transmission Pulley
D
Figure 28. PTO (Electric Clutch) Assembly
A. PTO
C. Washer
B. Sleeve
D. Capscrew
C
CAUTION
To avoid damaging belts, do not pry belts over
pulleys.
TRACTOR DRIVE BELT
1. Park the tractor on a level surface. Disengage the
PTO, turn off the engine and set the parking brake.
Remove the key.
B
A
Figure 30. Drive Belt Routing - Gear Model
A. Engine Pulley
C. Idler Pulley
B. Transmissioin Pulley
2. Remove the mower deck from the tractor. See Mower
Installation & Removal on page 8.
3. Unplug the wiring harness from the PTO. Remove
the PTO as shown in figure 28.
4. Remove the drag link rear hardware. When reassembling, apply Loctite to nut before tightening.
5. On gear models, disconnect the wires from the neutral switch on the transmission.
On hydro models, loosen the belt stop on the transmission pulley. Belt stop hardware is located on the
inside of RH frame. Move belt stop out of the way.
Belt stop should be positioned 1/8" from belt when
new belt is installed and hardware is tightened.
6. Carefully slide belt over transmission pulley and
remove from other pulleys.
7. Install new belt as shown in figures 29 & 30.
8. Reverse steps 1-7..
Figure 31. Mower Deck Belt Routing
MOWER DECK BELT
2. Remove the mower deck from the tractor. See Mower
Installation & Removal in the Operation section.
1. Park the tractor on a level surface. Disengage the
PTO, turn off the engine and set the parking brake.
Remove the key.
3. Remove the old belt and install the new belt over the
pulleys as shown in figure 31.
4. Reinstall the mower deck on the tractor.
25
Specifications
NOTE: Specifications are correct at time of printing and are subject to change without notice.
ENGINE
Cylinder:
Bore & Stroke:
Displacement:
Construction:
14 HP Briggs & Stratton
Make:
Model & Type:
Horsepower:
Cylinder:
Bore & Stroke:
Displacement:
Construction:
Electrical:
Governor:
Oil Capacity:
Ignition:
Charging:
Air Cleaner:
Fuel Tank:
Muffler
Starter:
Briggs & Stratton - 4 cycle air cooled
See engine l.D. plate
14 HP @ 3600 rpm (Eng. Mfg’s. Rating)
1 horizontal
3.44 x 3.06 inches (87.3 x 77.7 mm)
28.4 cu. in. (465 cc)
Overhead valve, cast iron sleeves, aluminum
crankcase
Hydro - 12 volt 9 amp. alternator regulated battery, 12 volt, 340 cranking amps, 41 minute
reserve capacity.
Gear - unregulated 3 amp. DC charging circuit.
Mechanical full throttle no load setting @ 3400 ± 100 rpm;
idle speed @ 1750 ± 200 rpm
4.0 pints w/filter (1.9 L)
Magnetron electronic
Unregulated 3-amp DC charging circuit
Ducted paper cartridge and foam pre-cleaner
High density polyurethane construction; 2 gallons (7.57 liters) of “regular” grade leaded or
nonleaded gasoline.
Large, low back pressure, remote canister type
12 volt electric gear drive
Electrical:
Governor:
Oil Capacity:
Ignition:
Charging:
Air Cleaner:
Fuel Tank:
Muffler:
Starter:
TRANSMISSION - GEAR
Type:
Material:
Lubrication:
Ground speeds
@ 3400 rpm:
15.5 HP Briggs & Stratton
Make:
Model & Type:
Horsepower:
Cylinder:
Bore & Stroke:
Displacement:
Construction:
Electrical:
Governor:
Oil Capacity:
Ignition:
Charging:
Air Cleaner:
Fuel Tank:
Muffler:
Starter:
1
3.44 in./87.3 MM (3.06 in./77.7 MM)
28.4 cu.in.(465cc)
Overhead valve, Cast Iron Sleeves,
Aluminum Crankcase.
Hydro - 12 volt 9 amp, alternator regulated
battery, 12 volt, 340 cranking amps, 41
minute reserve capacity.
Mechanical
3.5 Pints w/Filter (1.7 L)
Magnetron Electronic
Unregulated 3 amp DC charging circuit
Dual Element
High Density polyurethane construction;
2 gallons (7.57 liters) of “regular” grade
leaded or non-leaded gasoline.
Super LoTone
12 volt electric gear drive
Briggs & Stratton - 4 cycle air-cooled
Daimond I/C
15.5 HP
Dura Bore
3.44in.(87.3)mm
28.4cu.in.(465cc)
Overhead valve, Dura Bore Sleeves,
Aluminum Crankcase.
Hydro - 12 volt 9 amp, alternator
regulated battery, 12 volt, 340 cranking
amps, 41 minute reserve capacity.
Mechanical
3 Pints w/Filter (1.4 L)
Magnetron Electronic
Unregulated 3 amp DC charging circuit
Tri-Clean
High Density polyurethane construction;
2 gallons (7.57 liters) of “regular” grade
leaded or non-leaded gasoline.
Square Lo-Tone
Electric
Spur gear
Shaft hardened
Oil
1st gear :
2nd gear :
3rd gear :
4th gear :
5th gear :
Reverse :
1.0 mph (1.6 km/h)
2.0 mph (3.2 km/h)
2.9 mph (4.7 km/h)
3.9 mph (6.3 km/h)
4.3 mph (6.9 km/h)
1.3 mph (2.1 km/h)
TRANSMISSION - HYDRO
Type:
Pump:
Motor:
Control:
Ground speeds
@ 3400 rpm:
Hydrostatic
Variable displacement axial piston
Fixed displacement axial piston
Foot pedal, free-wheeling lever for manual tractor movement
Forward: 0-4.7 mph (7.5 km/h)
Reverse: 0-2.6 mph (4.1 km/h)
DIMENSIONS
Height :
Width:
Length:
Wheel Base:
Weight:
Cutting Width:
Cutting Height:
Front Tires:
16 HP Briggs & Stratton
Rear Tires:
Make:
Model & Type:
Horsepower:
Turning radius:
Briggs & Stratton - 4 cycle air cooled
Vanguard
16 HP
41.25 in. (105 cm) — at steering wheel
35 in. (89 cm)
67.75 in. (172.1 cm)
45.5 in. (116 cm)
90 lbs. (40.1 kg) — with Mower
38 in. (9.65 cm)
Variable between 1" - 3.9"
(215 - 9.9 cm)
15 x 6.00 x 6 pneumatic
12-15 psi (82-103 kPa)
18 x 8.50 x 8 pneumatic,
10-12 psi (56-82 kPa)
Inside rear tire 14" (35.6 cm)
03
26
Parts & Accessories
42" Dozer/Snow Blade
Dozer Hitch
Rear Wheel Weights
Rear Weight
Rear Weight Hitch
Tire Chains
Turbo Twin Bag Grass Catcher
38" Turbo Blower
Twin Bag Grass Catcher
Front Counterweight
Dump Cart
Designer Seat Cover
Hour Meter Kit
Gas Cans
1 gallon
2-1/2 gallon
5-1/4 gallon
Replacement Parts
Tractor Drive Belt - Hydro (16 HP)
Tractor Drive Belt-Hydro (14 HP)
Tractor Drive Belt-Gear Models (All)
44” Mower Drive Belt
44” Mower Blades
38” Mower Drive Belt
38” Mower Blade - RH
38” Mower Blade - LH
Fuel Filter
Battery
Ignition Key
Headlight Bulb
Interlock Switch - PTO
Interlock Switch - Seat
Interlock Switch - Foot pedals
- Switch, Black (normally open)
- Switch, Gray (normally closed)
108209
1672135
1657044
1715674
1714100
1666698
1704101
1704856
173206
1685215
1714054
1677371
1714772
1714771
1704379
1714770
1685587
1685555
1685556
Technical Literature
Manuals are fully illustrated. All of the assemblies are
shown in exploded views which show the relationship of
the parts and how they go together. Important assembly
notes and special torque values are included in the illustrations. Standard hardware and torque specification
charts are also included.
Maintenance Items
Engine Oil
SAE 5W-30 SF/CD (Cold Weather 30° & under)
SAE 30W SG/CC (Warm weather 32° & up)
Touch-Up Paint
Deep Orange, 13 oz. spray can
Deep Orange, 1 quart can
Deep Orange, 1/2 oz. bottle w/brush cap
Gloss Black, 13 oz. spray can
Gloss Black, 1 quart can
Metallic Grey, 13 oz. spray can
Red, 13 oz. spray can
Grease Gun Kit w/8 oz. Grease Tube
Replacement 8 oz. Grease Tube for above
Tire Sealant
11 oz. Tube
Cleaner, Polish, Sealant & Protectant
8 oz. Bottle
Degrimer/Degreaser
32 oz. Bottle w/Trigger Spray
1 gallon
Gas Stabilizer
8 oz. Bottle
Case of 12 - 8 oz. Bottles
1691520
1692624
1690555
1692625
1692636
1690183
1692621
1692626
1692620
1691837
1600236
1685540
1685535
1685576
1685659
1685611
1685612
1685615
1685639
1685641
1685718
1685722
1685510
103077
For the manual applicable for your model, contact the
Customer Publications Department at 414-284-8519.
Have the following information available when phoning in
your request.
Model:
Mfg. No.:
Your Name:
Address:
1685523
City, State, Zip:
1685696
Visa/Mastercard No.:
1685619
1685621
Card Expiration Date:
1685748
1685747
VISA
®
®
Optional Accessories
Snowthrower Cab
42” Single Stage Snowthrower
36" Single Stage Snowthrower
Snowthrower Hitch
Snwothrower/Dozer Lift Lever
1692629
1691522
1691521
1692622
1692623
USE ONLY GENUINE
FACTORY REPLACEMENT PARTS
Available Through Your Local
Authorized Dealer.
27
INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS
Choke
PTO Clutch Engaged
Fast (Throtttle)
Parking Brake
Slow (Throttle)
Mower Cutting
Height Adjustement
Throttle
28