Carrier Infinity 24ANB6 Instruction manual

24ANB6
Infinityr Air Conditioner with Puronr Refrigerant
1---1/2 to 5 Nominal Tons (Size 18---60)
Installation Instructions
NOTE: Read the entire instruction manual before starting the
installation.
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
Improper installation, adjustment, alteration, service, maintenance,
or use can cause explosion, fire, electrical shock, or other
conditions which may cause death, personal injury, or property
damage. Consult a qualified installer, service agency, or your
distributor or branch for information or assistance. The qualified
installer or agency must use factory--authorized kits or accessories
when modifying this product. Refer to the individual instructions
packaged with the kits or accessories when installing.
Follow all safety codes. Wear safety glasses, protective clothing,
and work gloves. Use quenching cloth for brazing operations.
Have fire extinguisher available. Read these instructions
thoroughly and follow all warnings or cautions included in
literature and attached to the unit. Consult local building codes and
current editions of the National Electrical Code ( NEC ) NFPA 70.
In Canada, refer to current editions of the Canadian electrical code
CSA 22.1.
Recognize safety information. This is the safety--alert symbol !!
When you see this symbol on the unit and in instructions or
manuals, be alert to the potential for personal injury. Understand
these signal words; DANGER, WARNING, and CAUTION. These
words are used with the safety--alert symbol. DANGER identifies
the most serious hazards which will result in severe personal injury
or death. WARNING signifies hazards which could result in
personal injury or death. CAUTION is used to identify unsafe
practices which would result in minor personal injury or product
and property damage. NOTE is used to highlight suggestions
which will result in enhanced installation, reliability, or operation.
INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATIONS
NOTE: In some cases noise in the living area has been traced to
gas pulsations from improper installation of equipment.
1. Locate unit away from windows, patios, decks, etc. where
unit operation sound may disturb customer.
2. Ensure that vapor and liquid tube diameters are appropriate
for unit capacity.
3. Run refrigerant tubes as directly as possible by avoiding unnecessary turns and bends.
4. Leave some slack between structure and unit to absorb vibration.
5. When passing refrigerant tubes through the wall, seal opening with RTV or other pliable silicon--based caulk. (See Fig.
1.)
6. Avoid direct tubing contact with water pipes, duct work,
floor joists, wall studs, floors, and walls.
7. Do not suspend refrigerant tubing from joists and studs with
a rigid wire or strap which comes in direct contact with
tubing. (See Fig. 1.)
8. Ensure that tubing insulation is pliable and completely surrounds vapor tube.
9. When necessary, use hanger straps which are 1 in. (25.4
mm) wide and conform to shape of tubing insulation. (See
Fig. 1.)
10. Isolate hanger straps from insulation by using metal sleeves
bent to conform to shape of insulation.
NOTE: Avoid contact between tubing and structure
OUTDOOR WALL
INDOOR WALL
CAULK
LIQUID TUBE
WARNING
!
VAPOR TUBE
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Failure to follow this warning could result in personal
injury or death.
Before installing, modifying, or servicing system, main
electrical disconnect switch must be in the OFF
position. There may be more than 1 disconnect switch.
Lock out and tag switch with a suitable warning label.
!
CAUTION
CUT HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in personal injury.
Sheet metal parts may have sharp edges or burrs. Use care and
wear appropriate protective clothing and gloves when
handling parts.
INSULATION
THROUGH THE WALL
JOIST
HANGER STRAP
(AROUND VAPOR
TUBE ONLY)
INSULATION
VAPOR TUBE
1″ (25.4 mm)MIN.
LIQUID TUBE
SUSPENSION
A94028
Fig. 1 -- Connecting Tube Installation
Outdoor unit contains system refrigerant charge for operation with
AHRI rated indoor unit when connected by 15 ft. (4.57 m) of
field--supplied or factory accessory tubing. For proper unit
operation, check refrigerant charge using charging information
located on control box cover and/or in the Check Charge section of
this instruction.
3/8--- in. (9.53 mm) Dia.
Tiedown Knockouts in
Basepan(2) Places
IMPORTANT: Maximum liquid--line size is 3/8--in. OD for all
residential applications including long line.
IMPORTANT: Always install the factory--supplied liquid--line
filter drier. Obtain replacement filter driers from your distributor or
branch.
INSTALLATION
!
WARNING
View From Top
UNIT OPERATION AND SAFETY HAZARD
UNIT BASE PAN
Dimension
Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury
or equipment damage.
24ANB6
PuronR refrigerant systems operate at higher pressures than
standard R--22 systems.
Do not use R--22 service
equipment or components on Puron refrigerant equipment.
Specifications for this unit in residential new construction market
require the outdoor unit, indoor unit, refrigerant tubing sets,
metering device, and filter drier listed in presale literature. There
can be no deviation. Consult the Application Guideline and
Service Manual – Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Using Puronr
Refrigerant to obtain required unit changes for specific applications
and for R--22 retrofit.
Check Equipment and Job Site
31–1/2 X 31–1/2
35 X 35
A05177
Fig. 2 -- Tiedown Knockout Locations
On rooftop applications, locate unit at least 6 in. (152.4 mm) above
roof surface.
Operating Ambient
The minimum outdoor operating ambient in cooling mode is 55°F
(12.78 _C) without low ambient cooling enabled, and the
maximum outdoor operating ambient in cooling mode is 125°F
(51.67_C).
Make Piping Connections
Unpack Unit
PERSONAL INJURY AND ENVIRONMENTAL
HAZARD
Inspect Equipment
File claim with shipping company prior to installation if shipment
is damaged or incomplete. Locate unit rating plate on unit corner
panel. It contains information needed to properly install unit.
Check rating plate to be sure unit matches job specifications.
Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury
or death.
Relieve pressure and recover all refrigerant before system
repair or final unit disposal.
Install on a Solid, Level Mounting Pad
Use all service ports and open all flow--control devices,
including solenoid valves.
If conditions or local codes require the unit be attached to pad, tie
down bolts should be used and fastened through knockouts
provided in unit base pan. Refer to unit mounting pattern in Fig. 2
to determine base pan size and knockout hole location.
!
For hurricane tie downs -- contact your local distributor for details
and PE (Professional Certification), if required by local authorities.
CAUTION
UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation.
On rooftop applications, mount on level platform or frame. Place
unit above a load--bearing wall and isolate unit and tubing set from
structure. Arrange supporting members to adequately support unit
and minimize transmission of vibration to building. Consult local
codes governing rooftop applications.
Do not leave system open to atmosphere any longer than
minimum required for installation. POE oil in compressor is
extremely susceptible to moisture absorption. Always keep
ends of tubing sealed during installation.
Roof mounted units exposed to winds may require wind baffles.
Consult the Application Guideline and Service Manual -Residential Split System Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Using
Puronr Refrigerant for wind baffle construction.
If ANY refrigerant tubing is buried, provide a 6 in. (152.4
mm) vertical rise at service valve. Refrigerant tubing lengths
up to 36 in. (914.4 mm) may be buried without further
special consideration. Do not bury lines more than 36 in.
(914.4 mm).
NOTE: Unit must be level to within ±2_ (±3/8 in./ft..) per
compressor manufacturer specifications.
When installing, allow sufficient space for airflow clearance,
wiring, refrigerant piping, and service. Allow 30 in. (762 mm)
clearance to service end of unit and 48 in. (1219.2 mm) above unit.
For proper airflow, a 6 in. (152.4 mm) clearance on one side of
unit and 12 in. (304.8 mm) on all remaining sides must be
maintained. Maintain a distance of 24 in. (609.6 mm) between
units. Position so water, snow, or ice from roof or eaves cannot fall
directly on unit.
WARNING
!
Move to final location. Remove carton taking care not to damage
unit.
Clearance Requirements
TIEDOWN KNOCKOUT LOCATIONS in. (mm)
A
B
C
9–1/8 (231.8)
6–9/16 (166.7) 24–11/16 (627.1)
9–1/8 (231.8)
6–9/16 (166.7) 28–7/16 (722.3)
Outdoor units may be connected to indoor section using accessory
tubing package or field--supplied refrigerant grade tubing of correct
size and condition. For tubing requirements beyond 80 ft/24.38 m,
substantial capacity and performance losses can occur. Following
the recommendations in the Long Line Guideline for Split--System
Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps will reduce these losses. Refer to
Table 1 for accessory requirements. Refer to Table 2 for field
tubing diameters.
2
There are no buried--line applications greater than 36 in. (914.4
mm).
Outdoor Unit Connected to Factory Approved Indoor
Unit
If refrigerant tubes or indoor coil are exposed to atmosphere, they
must be evacuated to 500 microns to eliminate contamination and
moisture in the system.
Outdoor unit contains correct system refrigerant charge for
operation with factory approved AHRI rated indoor unit when
connected by 15 ft. (4.57 m) of field--supplied or factory--accessory
tubing, and factory supplied filter drier. Check refrigerant charge
for maximum efficiency.
Table 1 – Accessory Usage
Accessory
REQUIRED FOR LOW --- AMBIENT
COOLING APPLICATIONS
(Below 55°F / 12.8°C)
REQUIRED FOR LONG LINE
APPLICATIONS* (Over 80 ft. / 24.38 m)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Evaporator Freeze Thermostat
Yes
(For non ---Infinity systems only)
No
Liquid Line Solenoid Valve
No
See Long --- Line Application Guideline
Low--- ambient Pressure Switch
Yes
(For non ---Infinity system only)
No
Support Feet
Recommended
No
Thermal Expansion Valve (TXV)
Hard Shutoff
Yes
Yes
Winter Start Control
Yes
(For non ---Infinity systems only)
No
24ANB6
Crankcase Heater
Compressor Start Assist Capacitor and Relay
* For tubing line sets between 80 and 200 ft. (24.38 and 60.96 m) and/or 20 ft. (6.09 m) vertical differential, refer to Residential Split--- System Longline Application Guideline.
Table 2 – Refrigerant Connections and Recommended Liquid and Vapor Tube Diameters (In.)
RATED VAPOR
up to 80 ft. (24.38 m)*
LIQUID
UNIT SIZE
Connection and Tube
Diameter
Connection
Diameter
Rated Tube
Diameter
18, 24, 30,
3/8
3/4
3/4
36, 42, 48
3/8
7/8
7/8
60
3/8
7/8
1 ---1/8
* Units are rated with 25 ft. (7.6 m) of lineset. See Product Data sheet for performance data when using different size and length linesets.
Notes:
1. Do not apply capillary tube or fixed orifice indoor coils to these units.
2. For Tubing Set lengths between 80 and 200 ft. (24.38 and 60.96 m) horizontal or 35 ft. (10.7 m) vertical differential 250 ft. (76.2 m) Total Equivalent Length),
refer to the Residential Piping and Application Guideline --- Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps using Puron refrigerant.
3. For alternate liquid line options on 18 ---42 size units, see Product Data or Residential Piping and Application Guideline
the environmentally sound refrigerant
Use of the AHRI Certified
TM Mark indicates a
manufacturer’s
participation in the
program For verification
of certification for individual
products, go to
www.ahridirectory.org.
Ready for use in a Hybrid Heatr Duel Fuel system.
This product has been designed and manufactured to meet
Energy Star criteria for energy efficiency when matched
with appropriate coil components. However, proper
refrigerant charge and proper air flow are critical to achieve
rated capacity and efficiency. Installation of this product
should follow all manufacturing refrigerant charging and air
flow instructions. Failure to confirm proper charge and
air flow may reduce energy efficiency and shorten
equipment life.
3
Install Liquid Line Filter Drier Indoor
CAUTION
!
UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage
or improper operation.
Installation of filter drier in liquid line is required.
Filter drier must be wrapped in a heat--sinking material such as
a wet cloth while brazing.
Refer to Fig. 3 and install filter drier as follows:
Refrigerant tubes and indoor coil should be evacuated using the
recommended deep vacuum method of 500 microns. An alternate
triple evacuation method may be used. See triple evacuation
method in Service Manual.
IMPORTANT: Always break a vacuum with dry nitrogen.
Deep Vacuum Method
The deep vacuum method requires a vacuum pump capable of
pulling a vacuum of 500 microns and a vacuum gage capable of
accurately measuring this vacuum depth. The deep vacuum method
is the most positive way of assuring a system is free of air and
liquid water. (See Fig. 4)
5000
4500
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
LEAK IN
SYSTEM
24ANB6
MICRONS
1. Braze 5 in. (127 mm) liquid tube to the indoor coil.
2. Wrap filter drier with damp cloth.
3. Braze filter drier to above 5 in. (127 mm) liquid tube. Flow
arrow must point towards indoor coil.
4. Connect and braze liquid refrigerant tube to the filter drier.
VACUUM TIGHT
TOO WET
TIGHT
DRY SYSTEM
0
1
2
3 4 5
MINUTES
6
7
A95424
A95424
Fig. 4 -- Deep Vacuum Graph
A05178
Fig. 3 -- Liquid Line Filter Drier
Refrigerant Tubing Connection Outdoor
Connect vapor tube to fitting on outdoor unit vapor service valves
(see Table 2.) Connect and braze the 3/8” coupling (provided with
the filter drier) to the liquid service valve and connect and braze the
liquid tubing to the other end of this coupling. Use refrigerant
grade tubing.
Sweat Connection
!
Final Tubing Check
IMPORTANT: Check to be certain factory tubing on both indoor
and outdoor unit has not shifted during shipment. Ensure tubes are
not rubbing against each other or any sheet metal. Pay close
attention to feeder tubes, making sure wire ties on feeder tubes are
secure and tight.
Make Electrical Connections
CAUTION
!
WARNING
UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation.
Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury
or death.
Service valves must be wrapped in a heat--sinking
material such as a wet cloth.
Do not supply power to unit with compressor terminal box
cover removed.
Service valves are closed from factory and ready for brazing. After
wrapping service valve with a wet cloth, braze sweat connections
using industry accepted methods and materials. Consult local code
requirements. Refrigerant tubing and indoor coil are now ready for
leak testing. This check should include all field and factory joints.
Be sure field wiring complies with local and national fire, safety,
and electrical codes, and voltage to system is within limits shown
on unit rating plate. Contact local power company for correction of
improper voltage. See unit rating plate for recommended circuit
protection device.
Evacuate Refrigerant Tubing and Indoor Coil
NOTE: Operation of unit on improper line voltage constitutes
abuse and could affect unit reliability. See unit rating plate. Do not
install unit in system where voltage may fluctuate above or below
permissible limits.
NOTE: Use copper wire only between disconnect switch and unit.
NOTE: Install branch circuit disconnect of adequate size per NEC
to handle unit starting current. Locate disconnect within sight from
and readily accessible from unit, per Section 440--14 of NEC.
!
CAUTION
UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation.
Never use the system compressor as a vacuum pump.
Route Ground and Power Wires
Remove access panel to gain access to unit wiring. Extend wires
from disconnect through power wiring hole provided and into unit
control box.
4
Check OAT Thermistor and OCT Thermistor
Attachments
WARNING
!
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Failure to follow this warning could result in personal
injury or death.
The unit cabinet must have an uninterrupted or unbroken
ground to minimize personal injury if an electrical fault
should occur. The ground may consist of electrical wire or
metal conduit when installed in accordance with existing
electrical codes.
Outdoor Air Temperature (OAT) Thermistor is factory installed by
inserting the nibs on either sides of the thermistor body through a
keyhole in the bottom shelf of the control box and locking it in
place by turning it 90 degrees, such that the spherical end of a nib
faces the front of the control box.
Check to make sure the OAT is locked in place. See Fig. 6.
OAT Thermistor must be locked in place
with spherical nib end facing towards
Connect Ground and Power Wires
the front of the control box
Connect ground wire to ground connection in control box for
safety. Connect power wiring to contactor as shown in Fig. 5.
DISCONNECT
PER N. E. C. AND/OR
LOCAL CODES
24ANB6
CONTACTOR
FIELD POWER
WIRING
FIELD GROUND
WIRING
GROUND
LUG
A06313
Fig. 6 -- Outdoor Air Thermistor (OAT) Attachment
A91056
Fig. 5 -- Line Power Connections
Connect Control Wiring
The Outdoor Coil Temperature (OCT) Thermistor is factory
installed on the liquid tube between the coil assembly and the
liquid service valve. See Fig. 7.
Route 24--v control wires through control wiring grommet and
connect leads to control wiring. (See Fig. 10 & Fig. 11)
Check to make sure the thermistor is securely attached on the
liquid tube with the clip as shown in Fig. 7.
Use No. 18 AWG color--coded, insulated (35_C minimum) wire. If
thermostat is located more than 100 ft. (30.48 m) from unit, as
measured along the control voltage wires, use No. 16 AWG
color--coded, insulated wire to avoid excessive voltage drop.
OCT Thermistor must be
secured tight on the liquid tube.
All wiring must be NEC Class 1 and must be separated from
incoming power leads.
Use furnace transformer, fan coil transformer, or accessory
transformer for control power, 24--v/40--va minimum.
NOTE: Use of available 24--v accessories may exceed the
minimum 40--va power requirement. Determine total transformer
load and increase the transformer capacity or split the load with an
accessory transformer as required.
Final Wiring Check
IMPORTANT: Check factory wiring and field wire connections
to ensure terminations are secured properly. Check wire routing to
ensure wires are not in contact with tubing, sheet metal, etc.
A05409
Fig. 7 -- Outdoor Coil Thermistor (OCT) Attachment
Compressor Crankcase Heater
When equipped with a crankcase heater, furnish power to heater a
minimum of 24 hr before starting unit. To furnish power to heater
only, set thermostat to OFF and close electrical disconnect to
outdoor unit.
A crankcase heater is required for low--ambient cooling or if
refrigerant tubing is longer than 80 ft. (24.38 m). Refer to the
Longline Guideline Section -- Residential Split--System Air
Conditioners and Heat Pumps Using Puronr Refrigerant.
Install Electrical Accessories
Refer to the individual instructions packaged with kits or
accessories when installing.
5
Start--Up
!
Check Charge
CAUTION
UNIT OPERATION AND SAFETY HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in minor personal
injury, equipment damage or improper operation.
24ANB6
To prevent compressor damage or personal injury, observe the
following:
S Do not overcharge system with refrigerant.
S Do not operate unit in a vacuum or at negative pressure.
S Do not disable low pressure switch in scroll compressor
applications.
S Dome temperatures may be hot.
!
CAUTION
PERSONAL INJURY HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in personal
injury.
Wear safety glasses, protective clothing, and gloves when
handling refrigerant and observe the following:
S Front seating service valves are equipped with Schrader
valves.
!
CAUTION
Factory charge amount and desired subcooling are shown on unit
rating plate. Charging method is shown on information plate inside
unit. To properly check or adjust charge, conditions must be
favorable for subcooling charging. Favorable conditions exist
when the outdoor temperature is between 70_F and 100_F
(21.11_C and 37.78_C), and the indoor temperature is between
70_F and 80_F (21.11_C and 26.67_C). Follow the procedure
below:
Unit is factory charged for 15ft (4.57 m) of lineset. Adjust charge
by adding or removing 0.6 oz/ft of 3/8 liquid line above or below
15ft (4.57 m) respectively.
For standard refrigerant line lengths (80 ft/24.38 m or less), allow
system to operate in cooling mode at least 15 minutes. If conditions
are favorable, check system charge by subcooling method. If any
adjustment is necessary, adjust charge slowly and allow system to
operate for 15 minutes to stabilize before declaring a properly
charged system.
If the indoor temperature is above 80_F (26.67_C), and the
outdoor temperature is in the favorable range, adjust system charge
by weight based on line length and allow the indoor temperature to
drop to 80_F (26.67_C) before attempting to check system charge
by subcooling method as described above.
If the indoor temperature is below 70_F (21.11_C), or the outdoor
temperature is not in the favorable range, adjust charge for line set
length above or below 15ft (4.57 m) only. Charge level should then
be appropriate for the system to achieve rated capacity. The charge
level could then be checked at another time when the both indoor
and outdoor temperatures are in a more favorable range.
NOTE: If line length is beyond 80 ft (24.38 m) or greater than
20 ft (6.10 m) vertical separation, See Long Line Guideline for
special charging requirements.
ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD
Major Components
Failure to follow this caution may result in environmental
damage.
Control Board
The AC control board controls the following functions:
S Compressor contactor operation
S Outdoor fan motor operation
S Compressor external protection
S Pressure switch monitoring
S Time Delays
Field Connections
Federal regulations require that you do not vent refrigerant
to the atmosphere. Recover during system repair or final
unit disposal.
Follow these steps to properly start up the system:
1. After system is evacuated, fully open liquid and vapor service valves.
2. Unit is shipped with valve stem(s) front seated (closed) and
caps installed.
Replace stem caps after system is opened to refrigerant flow.
Replace caps finger--tight and tighten with wrench an additional 1/12 turn
3. Close electrical disconnects to energize system.
4. Set room thermostat at desired temperature. Be sure set
point is below indoor ambient temperature.
5. Set room thermostat to COOL and fan control to ON or
AUTO mode, as desired. Operate unit for 15 minutes.
Check system refrigerant charge.
When using Infinity communicating control, 4 field wires are
required to be connected to the factory wires already wired to the
ABCD terminal (see Fig. 11). Unit as provided by manufacturer is
set up for Infinity communicating control.
When used with a standard non--communicating thermostat, it is
recommended to use 3 thermostat control wires to be connected to
R, Y and C. When using 3 wires, all diagnostic and time delay
features are enabled (See Fig. 12). Disconnect factory provided
wires from A, B, C, and D terminals. Using factory provided
wires, connect to R, C, and Y on the control board for 3 wire
thermostat control. Connect field 24V wires to factory provided
wires now connected to R, C, and Y and cap both sides or remove
unused factory provided wires.
When only 2 thermostat control wires are available, units will
function, but some control features are lost. (See Fig. 13). With
only 2 wires connected, the circuit board will be powered down
whenever there is no call for cooling, and the following will result:
S Compressor time delay is reduced from 5 minutes to 10 seconds
S When the thermostat is not calling for cooling, the amber status
light will be off, and no diagnostics codes will be available
S All system counters will be reset on each new call for cooling
6
Compressor Internal Relief
The compressor is protected by an Internal Pressure Relief (IPR)
which relieves discharge gas into the compressor shell when
differential between suction and discharge pressure exceeds
550--625 psi. The compressor is also protected by an internal
overload attached to motor windings.
GENERAL SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
STANDARD THERMOSTAT
Turn on power to indoor and outdoor units. Transformer is
energized.
On a call for cooling, thermostat makes circuits R--Y and R--G.
Circuit R--Y energizes contactor, starting outdoor fan motor and
compressor circuit. R--G energizes indoor unit blower relay,
starting indoor blower motor on high speed.
NOTE: To achieve the rated system performance, the indoor unit
or the thermostat must be equipped with a time delay relay circuit.
When thermostat is satisfied, its contacts open, de--energizing
contactor and blower relay. Compressor and motors stop. If indoor
unit is equipped with a time--delay relay circuit, the indoor blower
will run an additional 90 sec to increase system efficiency.
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
AND SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
The outdoor unit control system has special functions. The
following is an overview of the control functions.
SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
Outdoor Fan motor Operation
The outdoor unit control energizes outdoor fan any time the
compressor is operating. The outdoor fan remains energized for 15
minutes if a pressure switch or compressor thermal protector
should open. Outdoor fan motor will continue to operate for one
minute after the compressor shuts off when the outdoor ambient is
greater than or equal to 100_F (37.78_C).
Time Delays
The unit time delays include:
S Five minute time delay to start cooling operation when there is a
call from the thermostat or user interface (there is no bypass of
this feature in a non--communicating system, in a
communicating system push the UI fan and up buttons
simultaneously for approximately 10 seconds)
S When operating the unit with 2 wires, this delay is shortened to
10 seconds.
S Five minute compressor recycle delay on return from a brown
out condition
S Two minute time delay to return to standby operation from last
valid communications (with Infinity only)
S One minute time delay of outdoor fan at termination of cooling
mode when outdoor ambient is greater than or equal to 100_F
(37.78_C).
Utility Interface
With Infinity Control
The input labeled UTIL is active only when a communicating
Infinity Control is used. This input allows a power utility device to
interrupt compressor operation during peak load periods. See
figure below for wiring connections. When the utility sends a
signal to shut the system down, the User Interface will display
”CURTAILMENT ACTIVE”.
INFINITY BOARD
Cooling Operation
UTIL
This product utilizes either a standard indoor thermostat or Infinity
communication User Interface. With a call for cooling, the outdoor
fan and compressor are energized. When the cooling demand is
satisfied, the compressor and fan will shut off.
R
NOTE: The outdoor fan motor will continue to operate for one
minute after compressor shuts off, when the outdoor ambient is
greater than or equal to 100_F (37.78_C).
UTILITY RELAY
*
Communication and Status Function Lights
Green Communications (COMM) Light (Infinity Control
only):
A green LED (COMM light) on the outdoor board indicates
successful communication with the other system products. The
green LED will remain OFF until communications is established.
Once a valid command is received, the green LED will turn ON
continuously. If no communication is received within 2 minutes,
the LED will be turned OFF until the next valid communication.
Amber Status Light
An amber colored STATUS light is used to display the operation
mode and fault codes as specified in the troubleshooting section.
See Table 3 for codes and definitions.
NOTE: Only one fault code will be displayed on the outdoor unit
control board (the most recent, with the highest priority).
Crankcase Heater Operation
The crankcase heater (when applicable) is energized during the off
cycle below 65_F (37.78_C)
UTILITY SIGNAL
OPEN RELAY
* SUPPLIED BY UTILITY PROVIDER
A05410
Fig. 8 -- Utility Interface
With Non--Communicating Thermostats
When the utility curtailment interface is used with a
non--communicating thermostat, the utility relay should be wired in
series with the Y input.
Low Ambient Cooling
When this unit is required to operate below 55_F (12.78_C) to a
minimum of 0 _F (--17.78 _C) outdoor temperature, provisions
must be made for low ambient operation.
Low ambient cooling operation can be accomplished two ways
depending on the control system:
S Complete Infinity System
S Standard non--communicating thermostat
7
24ANB6
Disconnect factory provided wires from A, B, C, and D terminals.
Using factory provided wires, connect to C and Y on the control
board for 2 wire thermostat control. A field installed jumper wire
is also required between R and Y (See Fig. 13). Connect field 24V
wires to factory provided wires now connected to C and Y and cap
both sides or remove unused factory provided wires.
24ANB6
Infinity Controlled low ambient cooling:
Standard Thermostat low ambient cooling mode:
This unit is capable of low ambient cooling without a kit ONLY
when using a complete Infinity system. A low ambient kit is not
required, and the outdoor fan motor does not need to be replaced
for Infinity controlled low ambient operation. The Infinity Control
provides an automatic evaporator coil freeze protection algorithm
that eliminates the the need for an evaporator freeze thermostat.
Low ambient cooling must be enabled in the User Interface set up.
Fan may not begin to cycle until about 40_F (4.44_C) OAT. Fan
will cycle based on coil and outdoor air temperature. A crankcase
heater must be installed. See Product Data for accessory part
numbers on appropriate unit size and series.
The following optional accessories must be installed for low
ambient operation in standard thermostat mode:
S Low Ambient Pressure Switch Kit
S Evaporator Freeze Thermostat
S Winter Start Control
S Crankcase Heater
The fan motor is a ball bearing type and does not need to be
changed. A crankcase heater must be installed. See Product Data
for accessory part numbers on appropriate unit size and series units.
Infinity controlled low ambient mode operates as follows:
S Fan is OFF when outdoor coil temp is < (outdoor air
temperature + 3 _F/--16.11_C) or outdoor fan has been ON for
30 minutes. (Fan is turned off to allow refrigerant system to
stabilize.)
S Fan is ON when outdoor coil temp > (outdoor air temperature +
25_F/--3.89_C) or outdoor coil temp > 80_F (26.67_C) or if
outdoor fan has been OFF for 30 minutes. (Fan is turned on to
allow refrigerant system to stabilize.)
S Low pressure switch is ignored for first 3 minutes during low
ambient start up. After 3 minutes, if LPS trips, then outdoor fan
motor is turned off for 10 minutes, with the compressor running.
If LPS closes within 10 minutes then cooling continues with the
outdoor fan cycling per the coil temperature routine listed above
for the remainder of the cooling cycle. If the LPS does not close
within 10 minutes, then the normal LPS trip response (shut
down cooling operation and generate LPS trip error) will occur.
8
SYSTEMS COMMUNICATION FAILURE
If communication between outdoor unit, control board, and indoor
user interface control has failed, the control will flash the
appropriate fault code. (See table 3) Check the wiring to the UI,
indoor and outdoor units.
PRESSURE SWITCH PROTECTION
CONTACTOR SHORTED DETECTION
If there is compressor voltage sensed when there is no demand for
compressor operation, the contactor may be stuck closed. The
control will flash the appropriate fault code. Check the contactor
and control box wiring.
NO 230V AT COMPRESSOR
The outdoor unit is equipped with high-- and low--pressure
sw i t ch es. If t h e co n t ro l sen ses t h e o p en i n g o f a h i g h o r
low--pressure switch, it will de--energize the compressor contactor,
keep the outdoor fan operating for 15 minutes and display the
appropriate fault code. (See table 3)
If the compressor voltage is not sensed when the compressor
should be starting, the contactor may be stuck open or the unit
disconnect or circuit breaker may be open. The control will flash
the appropriate fault code. Check the contactor, unit disconnect or
circuit breaker and control box wiring.
After a 15 minute delay, if there is still a call for cooling, and the
LPS or HPS is reset, the compressor contactor is energized. If the
LPS or HPS has not closed after a 15 minute delay, the outdoor fan
is turned off. If the open switch closes anytime after the 15--minute
delay, then the unit will resume operation with a call for cooling.
Thermistors are electronic devices which sense temperature. As the
temperature increases, the resistance decreases. Thermistors are
used to sense outdoor air (OAT) and coil temperature (OCT).
If the LPS or HPS trips for five consecutive cycles, then unit
operation is locked out for 4 hours and the appropriate fault code
(See table 3) is displayed.
In the event of a high--pressure switch trip or high--pressure
lockout, check the refrigerant charge, outdoor fan operation and
outdoor coil for airflow restrictions.
In the event of a low--pressure switch trip or low--pressure lockout,
check the refrigerant charge and indoor airflow.
CONTROL FAULT
If the outdoor unit control board has failed, the control will flash
the appropriate fault code. (See table 3) The control board should
be replaced.
24V BROWN OUT PROTECTION
If the control voltage is less than 15.5volts for at least 4 seconds,
the compressor contactor and fan relay are de-- energized.
Compressor and fan operation are not allowed until control voltage
is a minimum of 17.5volts. The control will flash the appropriate
fault code. (See table 3) Verify the control voltage is in the
allowable range of 18--30volts.
COMPRESSOR VOLTAGE SENSING
The input terminals labeled VR and VS on the control board (see
Fig. 10) are used to detect compressor voltage status, and alert the
user of potential problems. The control continuously monitors the
high voltage on the run capacitor of the compressor motor. Voltage
should be present any time the compressor contactor is energized,
and voltage should not be present when the contactor is
de--energized.
COMPRESSOR THERMAL CUTOUT OR LOSS OF
230V POWER
If the control senses the compressor voltage after start--up, and is
then absent for 10 consecutive seconds while cooling demand
exists, it will de--energize the compressor contactor, keep the
outdoor fan operating for 15 minutes (if 230v power present) and
display the appropriate fault code. (See table 3) Possible causes are
compressor internal overload trip or loss of high voltage (230V) to
compressor without loss of control voltage.
After a 15 minute delay, if there is still a call for cooling, the
compressor contactor is energized. If the thermal protector has not
re--set, the outdoor fan is turned off. If the call for cooling
continues, the control will energize the compressor contactor every
15 minutes. If the thermal protector closes, (at the next 15 minute
interval check), the unit will resume operation.
If the thermal cutout trips for three consecutive cycles, then unit
operation is locked out for 4 hours and the appropriate fault code
(See Table 3) is displayed.
TEMPERATURE THERMISTORS
If the outdoor air or coil thermistor should fail, the control will
flash the appropriate fault code. (See table 3)
IMPORTANT: The outdoor air thermistor and coil thermistor are
factory mounted in the correct locations. Do not re--locate
thermistor sensors.
THERMISTOR SENSOR COMPARISON
The control continuously monitors and compares the outdoor air
temperature sensor and outdoor coil temperature sensor to ensure
proper operating conditions. The comparison is, if the outdoor air
sensor indicates ≥10_F (≥ --12.22_C) warmer than the coil sensor
(or) the outdoor air sensor indicates ≥20_F (≥ --6.67_C) cooler than
the coil sensor, the sensors are out of range.
If the sensors are out of range, the control will flash the appropriate
fault code. (See Table 3)
The thermistor comparison is not performed during low ambient
cooling.
FAILED THERMISTOR DEFAULT OPERATION
Factory defaults have been provided in the event of failure of
outdoor air thermistor and/or coil thermistor.
If the OAT sensor should fail, low ambient cooling will not be
allowed, and the one minute outdoor fan off delay will not occur.
If the OCT sensor should fail, low ambient cooling will not be
allowed.
Thermistor Curve: The resistance vs. temperature chart shown in
Figure 12 enables the technician to check the outdoor air and
outdoor coil thermistors for proper resistance. Unplug the
thermistor assembly from the circuit board and measure resistance
across each thermistor. For example, if the outdoor temperature is
60 _F (15.56 _C), the resistance reading across the outdoor air
thermistor should be around 16,000 Ohms.
STATUS CODES
Table 3 shows the status codes flashed by the amber status light.
Most system problems can be diagnosed by reading the status code
as flashed by the amber status light on the control board.
The codes are flashed by a series of short and long flashes of the
status light. The short flashes indicate the first digit in the status
code, followed by long flashes indicating the second digit of the
error code. The short flash is 0.25 second ON and the long flash is
1.0 second ON. Time between flashes is 0.25 second. Time
between short flash and first long flash is 1.0 second. Time
between code repeating is 2.5 seconds with LED OFF.
Count the number of short and long flashes to determine the
appropriate flash code. Table 3 gives possible causes and actions
related to each error.
Example: 3 short flashes followed by 2 long flashes indicates a 32
code. Table 3 shows this to be low pressure switch open.
9
24ANB6
TROUBLESHOOTING
Table 3 – Status Codes
FAULT
AMBER LED
FLASH CODE
Standby – no call
for unit operation
None
On solid, no flash
Standby – no call
for unit operation
None
Off
OPERATION
24ANB6
Cooling Operation
Possible Cause and Action
Normal operation --- 3 thermostat wires or 4 wire Infinity Control
Normal operation --- No call for cooling with 2 ---wire connection or indoor unit not
powered.
None
1, pause
System Communications
Failure
Normal operation
16
Communication with user interface lost. Check wiring to UI, indoor and outdoor
units
High Pressure
Switch Open
31
High pressure switch trip. Check refrigerant charge, outdoor fan operation and coils
for airflow restrictions.
Low Pressure
Switch Open
32
Low pressure switch trip. Check refrigerant charge and indoor air flow
Control Fault
45
Brown Out
(24 v)
46
The control voltage is less than 15.5v for at least 4 seconds. Compressor and fan
operation not allowed until control voltage is a minimum of 17.5v. Verify control
voltage.
Outdoor Air Temp Sensor Fault
53
Outdoor air sensor not reading or out of range. Ohm out sensor and check wiring
Outdoor Coil Sensor
Fault
55
Coil sensor not reading or out of range. Ohm out sensor and check wiring
Thermistors out
of range
56
Improper relationship between coil sensor and outdoor air sensor. Ohm out sensors and check wiring.
Thermal Cutout
72
Compressor voltage sensed after start---up, then absent for 10 consecutive seconds while cooling demand exists. Possible causes are internal compressor overload trip or loss of high voltage to compressor without loss of control voltage. The
control will continue fan operation and wait 15 minutes to attempt a restart. Fault
will clear when restart is successful, or low voltage power is cycled.
Contactor Shorted
73
Compressor voltage sensed when no demand for compressor operation exists.
Contactor may be stuck closed or there is a wiring error.
No 230V at
Compressor
74
Compressor voltage not sensed when compressor should be starting. Disconnect
may be open or contactor may be stuck open or there is a wiring error.
Thermal Lockout
82
Thermal cutout occurs in three consecutive cycles. Unit operation locked out for 4
hours or until 24v power recycled.
Low Pressure Lockout
83
Low pressure switch trip has occurred during 5 consecutive cycles. Unit operation
locked out for 4 hours or until 24v power recycled.
High Pressure
Lockout
84
High pressure switch trip has occurred during 5 consecutive cycles. Unit operation
locked out for 4 hours or until 24v power recycled.
Outdoor unit control board has failed. Control board needs to be replaced.
10
THERMISTOR CURVE
90
RESISTANCE (KOHMS)
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
0
(-17.77)
20
(-6.67)
40
(4.44)
60
(15.56)
80
(26.67)
100
(37.78)
120
(48.89)
TEMPERATURE °F (°C)
A08054
24ANB6
Fig. 9 -- Resistance vs Temperature Chart
COMM
} Outdoor Coil Temp
(OCT)
STATUS
} Outdoor Air Temp
(OAT)
A06314
Fig. 10 -- Single--Stage Control Board
LEGEND
24--V FACTORY WIRING
24--V FIELD WIRING
FIELD SPLICE CONNECTION
A10089
Fig. 11 -- Infinity Control Four-- Wire Connection Wiring Diagrams
(See Thermostat Installation Instructions
for specific unit combinations)
11
A10090
LEGEND
24--V FACTORY WIRING
24--V FIELD WIRING
24ANB6
FIELD SPLICE CONNECTION
A97368
Fig. 12 -- Non-- Communicating Standard Thermostat 3-- Wire 24V Circuit Connections
(See Thermostat Installation Instructions for
Specific Unit combinations)
!
CAUTION
ELECTRICAL OPERATION HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation.
A minimum of three wire thermostat wiring is
required for the system to operate.
TYPICAL FURNACE
or
FAN COIL
A/C THERMOSTAT
24VAC HOT
R
R
24VAC COM
C
C
HEAT STAGE 1
W/W1
W
HEAT STAGE 2
Y/Y2
Y
G
G
INDOOR FAN
AIR CONDITIONER
R
C
Y
FIELD INSTALLED JUMPER WIRE
A10091
LEGEND
24--V FACTORY WIRING
24--V FIELD WIRING
FIELD SPLICE CONNECTION
A97368
Fig. 13 -- Non--Communicating Standard Thermostat
2--Wire 24V Circuit Connections
(Applicable to units beginning with serial number 3006E and newer)
NOTE: Wiring must conform to NEC or local codes.
12
FINAL CHECKS
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
IMPORTANT: Before leaving job, be sure to do the following:
1. Ensure that all wiring is routed away from tubing and sheet
metal edges to prevent rub--through or wire pinching.
2. Ensure that all wiring and tubing is secure in unit before
adding panels and covers. Securely fasten all panels and
covers.
3. Tighten service valve stem caps to 1/12--turn past finger
tight.
4. Leave Owner’s Manual with owner. Explain system operation and periodic maintenance requirements outlined in
manual.
5. Fill out Dealer Installation Checklist and place in customer
file.
For continuing high performance and to minimize possible
equipment failure, periodic maintenance must be performed on this
equipment.
Frequency of maintenance may vary depending upon geographic
areas, such as coastal applications. See Owner’s Manual for
information.
S Puron refrigerant operates at 50--70 percent higher pressures than R--22. Be sure that servicing equipment and replacement
components are designed to operate with Puron refrigerant.
S Puron refrigerant cylinders are rose colored.
S Recovery cylinder service pressure rating must be 400 psig, DOT 4BA400 or DOT BW400.
S Puron refrigerant systems should be charged with liquid refrigerant. Use a commercial type metering device in the manifold hose
when charging into suction line with compressor operating
S Manifold sets should be 700 psig high side and 180 psig low side with 550 psig low--side retard.
S Use hoses with 700 psig service pressure rating.
S Leak detectors should be designed to detect HFC refrigerant.
S Puron refrigerant, as with other HFCs, is only compatible with POE oils.
S Vacuum pumps will not remove moisture from oil.
S Do not use liquid--line filter driers with rated working pressures less than 600 psig.
S Do not leave Puron refrigerant suction line filter driers in line longer than 72 hours.
S Do not install a suction--line filter drier in liquid line.
S POE oils absorb moisture rapidly. Do not expose oil to atmosphere.
S POE oils may cause damage to certain plastics and roofing materials.
S Wrap all filter driers and service valves with wet cloth when brazing.
S A factory approved liquid--line filter drier is required on every unit.
S Do NOT use an R--22 TXV.
S If indoor unit is equipped with an R--22 TXV or piston metering device, it must be changed to a hard shutoff Puron TXV.
S Never open system to atmosphere while it is under a vacuum.
S When system must be opened for service, recover refrigerant, evacuate then break vacuum with dry nitrogen and replace filter driers.
Evacuate to 500 microns prior to recharging.
S Do not vent Puron refrigerant into the atmosphere.
S Do not use capillary tube coils.
S Observe all warnings, cautions, and bold text.
S All indoor coils must be installed with a hard shutoff Puron TXV metering device.
13
24ANB6
PURONR (R--410A) REFRIGERANT QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE
24ANB6
Copyright 2011 Carrier Corp. D 7310 W. Morris St. D Indianapolis, IN 46231
Printed in U.S.A.
Edition Date: 04/11
Manufacturer reserves the right to change, at any time, specifications and designs without notice and without obligations.
14
Catalog No: 24ANB6---1SI
Replaces: NEW