Edge-Core ECS4610-24F Installation guide

ECS4610-26T
ECS4610-50T
24/48-Port
Layer 3 Stackable Gigabit
Ethernet Switch
Installation Guide
www.edge-core.com
INSTALLATION GUIDE
ECS4610-26T GIGABIT ETHERNET SWITCH
Layer 3 Stackable Gigabit Ethernet Switch
with 20 10/100/1000BASE-T (RJ-45) Ports,
4 Gigabit Combination Ports (RJ-45/SFP),
2 10-Gigabit Extender Module Slots,
and 2 Stacking Ports
ECS4610-50T GIGABIT ETHERNET SWITCH
Layer 3 Stackable Gigabit Ethernet Switch
with 44 10/100/1000BASE-T (RJ-45) Ports,
4 Gigabit Combination Ports (RJ-45/SFP),
2 10-Gigabit Extender Module Slots,
and 2 Stacking Ports
ECS4610-26T
ECS4610-50T
E052010-MW-R01
150200000149A
COMPLIANCES AND SAFETY
STATEMENTS
FCC - CLASS A
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A
digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment
is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and
can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance
with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to
cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the
interference at his own expense.
You are cautioned that changes or modifications not expressly approved by the
party responsible for compliance could void your authority to operate the
equipment.
You may use unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) for RJ-45 connections - Category 3
or better for 10 Mbps connections, Category 5 or better for 100 Mbps
connections, Category 5, 5e, or 6 for 1000 Mbps connections. For fiber optic
connections, you may use 50/125 or 62.5/125 micron multimode fiber or 9/125
micron single-mode fiber.
INDUSTRY CANADA - CLASS A
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise
emissions from digital apparatus as set out in the interference-causing
equipment standard entitled “Digital Apparatus,” ICES-003 of the Department of
Communications.
Cet appareil numérique respecte les limites de bruits radioélectriques applicables
aux appareils numériques de Classe A prescrites dans la norme sur le matériel
brouilleur: “Appareils Numériques,” NMB-003 édictée par le ministère des
Communications.
JAPAN VCCI CLASS A
– 5 –
COMPLIANCES
AND
SAFETY STATEMENTS
CE MARK DECLARATION OF CONFORMANCE FOR EMI AND SAFETY (EEC)
This information technology equipment complies with the requirements of the
Council Directive 89/336/EEC on the Approximation of the laws of the Member
States relating to Electromagnetic Compatibility and 73/23/EEC for electrical
equipment used within certain voltage limits and the Amendment Directive 93/
68/EEC. For the evaluation of the compliance with these Directives, the following
standards were applied:
RFI Emission:
Immunity:
LVD:
◆
Limit class A according to EN 55022
◆
Limit class A for harmonic current emission according to EN 61000-32
◆
Limitation of voltage fluctuation and flicker in low-voltage supply
system according to EN 61000-3-3
◆
Product family standard according to EN 55024
◆
Electrostatic Discharge according to EN 61000-4-2
◆
Radio-frequency electromagnetic field according to EN 61000-4-3
◆
Electrical fast transient/burst according to EN 61000-4-4
◆
Surge immunity test according to EN 61000-4-5
◆
Immunity to conducted disturbances, Induced by radio-frequency
fields: EN 61000-4-6
◆
Power frequency magnetic field immunity test according to EN 610004-8
◆
Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations immunity test
according to EN 61000-4-11
◆
EN 60950-1:2001
– 6 –
COMPLIANCES
AND
SAFETY STATEMENTS
SAFETY COMPLIANCE
Warning: Fiber Optic Port Safety
CLASS I
LASER DEVICE
When using a fiber optic port, never look at the transmit laser while it
is powered on. Also, never look directly at the fiber TX port and fiber
cable ends when they are powered on.
Avertissment: Ports pour fibres optiques - sécurité sur le plan optique
DISPOSITIF LASER
DE CLASSE I
Ne regardez jamais le laser tant qu'il est sous tension. Ne regardez
jamais directement le port TX (Transmission) à fibres optiques et les
embouts de câbles à fibres optiques tant qu'ils sont sous tension.
Warnhinweis: Faseroptikanschlüsse - Optische Sicherheit
LASERGERÄT
DER KLASSE I
Niemals ein Übertragungslaser betrachten, während dieses
eingeschaltet ist. Niemals direkt auf den Faser-TX-Anschluß und auf
die Faserkabelenden schauen, während diese eingeschaltet sind.
PSE ALARM
本製品に同梱いたしております電源コードセットは、
本製品専用です。本電源コードセットは、本製品以外の
製品並びに他の用途でご使用いただくことは出来ません。
製品本体に同梱された電源コードセットを利用し、他製品
の電源コードセットを使用しないで下さい。
– 7 –
COMPLIANCES
AND
SAFETY STATEMENTS
POWER CORD SAFETY
Please read the following safety information carefully before installing
the switch:
WARNING: Installation and removal of the unit must be carried out by qualified
personnel only.
◆
The unit must be connected to an earthed (grounded) outlet to comply with
international safety standards.
◆
Do not connect the unit to an A.C. outlet (power supply) without an earth
(ground) connection.
◆
The appliance coupler (the connector to the unit and not the wall plug) must
have a configuration for mating with an EN 60320/IEC 320 appliance inlet.
◆
The socket outlet must be near to the unit and easily accessible. You can
only remove power from the unit by disconnecting the power cord from the
outlet.
◆
This unit operates under SELV (Safety Extra Low Voltage) conditions
according to IEC 60950. The conditions are only maintained if the
equipment to which it is connected also operates under SELV conditions.
France and Peru only
This unit cannot be powered from IT† supplies. If your supplies are of IT type,
this unit must be powered by 230 V (2P+T) via an isolation transformer ratio
1:1, with the secondary connection point labelled Neutral, connected directly to
earth (ground).
†
Impédance à la terre
IMPORTANT! Before making connections, make sure you have the correct cord
set. Check it (read the label on the cable) against the following:
– 8 –
COMPLIANCES
AND
SAFETY STATEMENTS
Power Cord Set
U.S.A. and Canada
The cord set must be UL-approved and CSA certified.
The minimum specifications for the flexible cord are:
- No. 18 AWG - not longer than 2 meters, or 16 AWG.
- Type SV or SJ
- 3-conductor
The cord set must have a rated current capacity of at least 10 A
The attachment plug must be an earth-grounding type with NEMA
5-15P (15 A, 125 V) configuration.
Denmark
The supply plug must comply with Section 107-2-D1, Standard
DK2-1a or DK2-5a.
Switzerland
The supply plug must comply with SEV/ASE 1011.
U.K.
The supply plug must comply with BS1363 (3-pin 13 A) and be fitted
with a 5 A fuse which complies with BS1362.
The mains cord must be <HAR> or <BASEC> marked and be of type
HO3VVF3GO.75 (minimum).
Europe
The supply plug must comply with CEE7/7 (“SCHUKO”).
The mains cord must be <HAR> or <BASEC> marked and be of type
HO3VVF3GO.75 (minimum).
IEC-320 receptacle.
Veuillez lire à fond l'information de la sécurité suivante avant d'installer
le Switch:
AVERTISSEMENT: L’installation et la dépose de ce groupe doivent être confiés à
un personnel qualifié.
◆
Ne branchez pas votre appareil sur une prise secteur (alimentation
électrique) lorsqu'il n'y a pas de connexion de mise à la terre (mise à la
masse).
◆
Vous devez raccorder ce groupe à une sortie mise à la terre (mise à la
masse) afin de respecter les normes internationales de sécurité.
◆
Le coupleur d’appareil (le connecteur du groupe et non pas la prise murale)
doit respecter une configuration qui permet un branchement sur une entrée
d’appareil EN 60320/IEC 320.
– 9 –
COMPLIANCES
AND
SAFETY STATEMENTS
◆
La prise secteur doit se trouver à proximité de l’appareil et son accès doit
être facile. Vous ne pouvez mettre l’appareil hors circuit qu’en débranchant
son cordon électrique au niveau de cette prise.
◆
L’appareil fonctionne à une tension extrêmement basse de sécurité qui est
conforme à la norme IEC 60950. Ces conditions ne sont maintenues que si
l’équipement auquel il est raccordé fonctionne dans les mêmes conditions.
France et Pérou uniquement:
Ce groupe ne peut pas être alimenté par un dispositif à impédance à la terre. Si
vos alimentations sont du type impédance à la terre, ce groupe doit être
alimenté par une tension de 230 V (2 P+T) par le biais d’un transformateur
d’isolement à rapport 1:1, avec un point secondaire de connexion portant
l’appellation Neutre et avec raccordement direct à la terre (masse).
Cordon électrique - Il doit être agréé dans le pays d’utilisation
Etats-Unis et Canada:
Le cordon doit avoir reçu l’homologation des UL et un certificat de
la CSA.
Les spécifications minimales pour un cable flexible sont AWG No.
18, ouAWG No. 16 pour un cable de longueur inférieure à 2
mètres.
- type SV ou SJ
- 3 conducteurs
Le cordon doit être en mesure d’acheminer un courant nominal
d’au moins 10 A.
La prise femelle de branchement doit être du type à mise à la
terre (mise à la masse) et respecter la configuration NEMA 5-15P
(15 A, 125 V).
Danemark:
La prise mâle d’alimentation doit respecter la section 107-2 D1 de
la norme DK2 1a ou DK2 5a.
Suisse:
La prise mâle d’alimentation doit respecter la norme SEV/ASE
1011.
Europe
La prise secteur doit être conforme aux normes CEE 7/7
(“SCHUKO”)
LE cordon secteur doit porter la mention <HAR> ou <BASEC> et
doit être de type HO3VVF3GO.75 (minimum).
– 10 –
COMPLIANCES
AND
SAFETY STATEMENTS
Bitte unbedingt vor dem Einbauen des Switches die folgenden
Sicherheitsanweisungen durchlesen:
WARNUNG: Die Installation und der Ausbau des Geräts darf nur durch
Fachpersonal erfolgen.
◆
Das Gerät sollte nicht an eine ungeerdete Wechselstromsteckdose
angeschlossen werden.
◆
Das Gerät muß an eine geerdete Steckdose angeschlossen werden, welche
die internationalen Sicherheitsnormen erfüllt.
◆
Der Gerätestecker (der Anschluß an das Gerät, nicht der
Wandsteckdosenstecker) muß einen gemäß EN 60320/IEC 320
konfigurierten Geräteeingang haben.
◆
Die Netzsteckdose muß in der Nähe des Geräts und leicht zugänglich sein.
Die Stromversorgung des Geräts kann nur durch Herausziehen des
Gerätenetzkabels aus der Netzsteckdose unterbrochen werden.
◆
Der Betrieb dieses Geräts erfolgt unter den SELV-Bedingungen
(Sicherheitskleinstspannung) gemäß IEC 60950. Diese Bedingungen sind
nur gegeben, wenn auch die an das Gerät angeschlossenen Geräte unter
SELV-Bedingungen betrieben werden.
Stromkabel. Dies muss von dem Land, in dem es benutzt wird geprüft werden:
Schweiz
Dieser Stromstecker muß die SEV/ASE 1011Bestimmungen einhalten.
Europe
Das Netzkabel muß vom Typ HO3VVF3GO.75 (Mindestanforderung)
sein und die Aufschrift <HAR> oder <BASEC> tragen.
Der Netzstecker muß die Norm CEE 7/7 erfüllen (”SCHUKO”).
– 11 –
COMPLIANCES
AND
SAFETY STATEMENTS
WARNINGS AND CAUTIONARY MESSAGES
WARNING: This product does not contain any serviceable user parts.
WARNING: Installation and removal of the unit must be carried out by
qualified personnel only.
WARNING: When connecting this device to a power outlet, connect the
field ground lead on the tri-pole power plug to a valid earth ground line
to prevent electrical hazards.
WARNING: This switch uses lasers to transmit signals over fiber optic
cable. The lasers are compliant with the requirements of a Class 1
Laser Product and are inherently eye safe in normal operation.
However, you should never look directly at a transmit port when it is
powered on.
CAUTION: Wear an anti-static wrist strap or take other suitable
measures to prevent electrostatic discharge when handling this
equipment.
CAUTION: Do not plug a phone jack connector in the RJ-45 port. This
may damage this device.
CAUTION: Use only twisted-pair cables with RJ-45 connectors that
conform to FCC standards.
ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENTS
The manufacturer of this product endeavours to sustain an environmentallyfriendly policy throughout the entire production process. This is achieved though
the following means:
◆
Adherence to national legislation and regulations on environmental
production standards.
◆
Conservation of operational resources.
◆
Waste reduction and safe disposal of all harmful un-recyclable by-products.
◆
Recycling of all reusable waste content.
◆
Design of products to maximize recyclables at the end of the product’s life
span.
◆
Continual monitoring of safety standards.
– 12 –
COMPLIANCES
AND
SAFETY STATEMENTS
END OF PRODUCT LIFE SPAN
This product is manufactured in such a way as to allow for the recovery and
disposal of all included electrical components once the product has reached the
end of its life.
MANUFACTURING MATERIALS
There are no hazardous nor ozone-depleting materials in this product.
DOCUMENTATION
All printed documentation for this product uses biodegradable paper that
originates from sustained and managed forests. The inks used in the printing
process are non-toxic.
– 13 –
COMPLIANCES
AND
SAFETY STATEMENTS
– 14 –
ABOUT THIS GUIDE
PURPOSE
This guide details the hardware features of the switch, including the physical and
performance-related characteristics, and how to install the switch.
AUDIENCE
The guide is intended for use by network administrators who are responsible for
installing and setting up network equipment; consequently, it assumes a basic
working knowledge of LANs (Local Area Networks).
CONVENTIONS
The following conventions are used throughout this guide to show information:
NOTE: Emphasizes important information or calls your attention to
related features or instructions.
CAUTION: Alerts you to a potential hazard that could cause loss of data,
or damage the system or equipment.
WARNING: Alerts you to a potential hazard that could cause personal
injury.
RELATED PUBLICATIONS
The following publication gives specific information on how to operate and use
the management functions of the switch:
The Management Guide
Also, as part of the switch’s software, there is an online web-based help that
describes all management related features.
– 15 –
ABOUT THIS GUIDE
REVISION HISTORY
This section summarizes the changes in each revision of this guide.
MAY 2010 REVISION
This is the first revision of this guide.
– 16 –
CONTENTS
COMPLIANCES AND SAFETY STATEMENTS
1
2
3
5
ABOUT THIS GUIDE
15
CONTENTS
17
TABLES
19
FIGURES
21
INTRODUCTION
23
Overview
23
Description of Hardware
25
Features and Benefits
30
NETWORK PLANNING
33
Introduction to Switching
33
Application Examples
34
Application Notes
39
INSTALLING THE SWITCH
41
Selecting a Site
41
Ethernet Cabling
42
Equipment Checklist
43
Mounting
44
Installing an Optional Module into the Switch
47
Installing an Optional SFP Transceiver
48
Connecting Switches in a Stack
49
Connecting to a Power Source
51
Connecting to the Console Port
52
– 17 –
CONTENTS
4
A
B
C
MAKING NETWORK CONNECTIONS
55
Connecting Network Devices
55
Twisted-Pair Devices
55
Fiber Optic SFP Devices
58
10 Gbps Fiber Optic Connections
61
Connectivity Rules
63
Cable Labeling and Connection Records
65
TROUBLESHOOTING
67
Diagnosing Switch Indicators
67
Power and Cooling Problems
69
Installation
69
In-Band Access
69
Stack Troubleshooting
70
CABLES
71
Twisted-Pair Cable and Pin Assignments
71
Fiber Standards
75
SPECIFICATIONS
77
Physical Characteristics
77
Switch Features
79
Management Features
80
Standards
80
Compliances
81
10GBASE Extender Module (XFP)
81
GLOSSARY
83
INDEX
89
– 18 –
TABLES
Table 1:
Port Status LEDs
26
Table 2:
System Status LEDs
27
Table 3:
Supported XFP Transceivers
29
Table 4:
Module LEDs
29
Table 5:
Serial Cable Wiring
52
Table 6:
Maximum 1000BASE-SX Gigabit Ethernet Cable Lengths
63
Table 7:
Maximum 10GBASE-LR 10 Gigabit Ethernet Cable Length
63
Table 8:
Maximum 10GBASE-ER 10 Gigabit Ethernet Cable Length
64
Table 9:
Maximum 1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet Cable Length
64
Table 10:
Maximum 1000BASE-SX Gigabit Ethernet Cable Lengths
64
Table 11:
Maximum 1000BASE-LX Gigabit Ethernet Cable Length
64
Table 12:
Maximum 1000BASE-LH Gigabit Ethernet Cable Length
64
Table 13:
Maximum Fast Ethernet Cable Lengths
65
Table 14:
Maximum Ethernet Cable Length
65
Table 15:
Troubleshooting Chart
67
Table 16:
Power/RPS LEDs
68
Table 17:
10/100BASE-TX MDI and MDI-X Port Pinouts
72
Table 18:
1000BASE-T MDI and MDI-X Port Pinouts
74
Table 19:
Fiber Standards
75
– 19 –
TABLES
– 20 –
FIGURES
Figure 1:
Front Panels
24
Figure 2:
Rear Panel
24
Figure 3:
Port LEDs
26
Figure 4:
System LEDs
27
Figure 5:
Power Supply Sockets
28
Figure 6:
Single-Port 10GBASE Module (XFP)
29
Figure 7:
Collapsed Backbone
34
Figure 8:
Network Aggregation Plan
35
Figure 9:
Remote Connections with Fiber Cable
36
Figure 10:
Making VLAN Connections
37
Figure 11:
IP Routing for Unicast Traffi
38
Figure 12:
RJ-45 Connections
42
Figure 13:
Attaching the Brackets
45
Figure 14:
Installing the Switch in a Rack
45
Figure 15:
Attaching the Adhesive Feet
46
Figure 16:
Installing an Optional Module
47
Figure 17:
Inserting an SFP Transceiver into a Slot
48
Figure 18:
Making Stacking Connections
50
Figure 19:
Power Socket
51
Figure 20:
Serial Port (RJ-45) Pin-Out
52
Figure 21:
Making Twisted-Pair Connections
56
Figure 22:
Network Wiring Connections
58
Figure 23:
Making Fiber Port Connections
59
Figure 24:
Connecting to an XFP Transceiver
62
Figure 25:
RJ-45 Connector Pin Numbers
71
Figure 26:
Straight-through Wiring
73
Figure 27:
Crossover Wiring
73
– 21 –
FIGURES
– 22 –
1
INTRODUCTION
OVERVIEW
The ECS4610-26T and ECS4610-50T Switches are intelligent multilayer switches
(Layer 2, 3) with 24/48 10/100/1000BASE-T ports, four of which are
combination ports1 that are shared with four SFP transceiver slots (see Figure 1,
Ports 21-24/45-48). The rear panel provides two slots for single-port 10 Gigabit
Ethernet hot-swappable expansion modules, and two stacking ports. Units can
be stacked up to eight high through the built-in stacking ports that provide a 48
Gbps stack backplane.
The switches include an SNMP-based management agent embedded on the main
board, which supports both in-band and out-of-band access for managing the
stack.
These switches can easily tame your network with full support for Spanning Tree
Protocol, Multicast Switching, Virtual LANs, and IP routing. It brings order to
poorly performing networks by segregating them into separate broadcast
domains with IEEE 802.1Q compliant VLANs, empowers multimedia applications
with multicast switching and CoS services, and eliminates conventional router
bottlenecks.
These switches can be used to augment or completely replace slow legacy
routers, off-loading local IP traffic to release valuable resources for non-IP
routing or WAN access. With wire-speed performance for Layer 2 and Layer 3,
these switches can significantly improve the throughput between IP segments or
VLANs.
1. If an SFP transceiver is plugged in, the corresponding RJ-45 port is disabled for
ports 21-24 on ECS4610-26T or ports 45-48 on ECS4610-50T.
– 23 –
CHAPTER 1
| Introduction
Overview
Figure 1: Front Panels
Stack ID
Port Status LEDs
ECS4610-50T
10/100/1000 Mbps RJ-45 Ports
Serial Console Port
System Status LEDs
SFP Slots
ECS4610-26T
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
ES4626H
21
22
23
24
Stack
Link
Stack
Master Power
Stack ID
RPU
Master
Select
Console
Module Diag
Stack ID
Figure 2: Rear Panel
Power Socket
Redundant Power Socket
Module Slots
Stacking Ports
SWITCH ARCHITECTURE
These Gigabit Ethernet switches employ a wire-speed, non-blocking switching
fabric. This permits simultaneous wire-speed transport of multiple packets at low
latency on all ports. The switches also feature full-duplex capability on all ports,
which effectively doubles the bandwidth of each connection.
For communications between different VLANs, these switches use IP routing. For
communications within the same VLAN, they use store-and-forward switching to
ensure maximum data integrity. With store-and-forward switching, the entire
packet must be received into a buffer and checked for validity before being
forwarded. This prevents errors from being propagated throughout the network.
These switches include built-in stacking ports that enable up to eight units to be
connected together through a 48 Gbps stack backplane. The switch stack can be
managed from a master unit using a single IP address.
These switches also include two slots on the rear panel for slide-in single-port
10GBASE modules with XFP transceivers.
– 24 –
CHAPTER 1
| Introduction
Description of Hardware
NETWORK MANAGEMENT OPTIONS
These switches contain a comprehensive array of LEDs for “at-a-glance”
monitoring of network and port status. They also include a management agent
that allows you to configure or monitor the switch using its embedded
management software, or via SNMP applications. To manage each switch, you
can make a direct connection to the console port (out-of-band), or you can
manage the switches through a network connection (in-band) using Telnet, the
on-board web agent, or SNMP-based network management software.
For a detailed description of the management features, refer to the Management
Guide.
DESCRIPTION OF HARDWARE
10/100/1000BASE-T PORTS
The switches contain 24/48 RJ-45 ports that operate at 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps,
half or full duplex, or at 1000 Mbps, full duplex. Because all ports on these
switches support automatic MDI/MDI-X operation, you can use straight-through
cables for all network connections to PCs or servers, or to other switches or
hubs. (See “1000BASE-T Pin Assignments” on page 74.)
Each of these ports support auto-negotiation, so the optimum transmission
mode (half or full duplex), and data rate (10, 100, or 1000 Mbps) can be
selected automatically. If a device connected to one of these ports does not
support auto-negotiation, the communication mode of that port can be
configured manually.
SFP TRANSCEIVER SLOTS
The Small Form Factor Pluggable (SFP) transceiver slots are shared with four of
the RJ-45 ports (ports 21~24 for the ECS4610-26T and ports 45~48 for the
ECS4610-50T). In its default configuration, if an SFP transceiver (purchased
separately) is installed in a slot and has a valid link on its port, the associated
RJ-45 port is disabled and cannot be used. The switch can also be configured to
force the use of an RJ-45 port or SFP slot, as required.
– 25 –
CHAPTER 1 | Introduction
Description of Hardware
10 GIGABIT ETHERNET MODULE SLOTS
These switches include two slots on the rear panel for hot-swappable single-port
10GBASE modules with XFP transceivers. Refer to “Optional Media Extender
Modules” on page 29 for more information on this module and the supported
10G transceivers.
STACKING PORTS
Each unit includes two stacking ports that provide a 48 Gbps high-speed serial
stack backplane connection. Up to eight 24-port or 48-port switches can be
connected together using optional stacking cables. Note that the 24-port and
48-port switches can be mixed in the same stack. The Stack Master button
enables one switch in the stack to be selected as the Master unit for managing
the entire stack.
PORT AND SYSTEM STATUS LEDS
These switches include a display panel for key system and port indications that
simplify installation and network troubleshooting. The LEDs, which are located
on the front panel for easy viewing, are shown below and described in the
following tables.
Figure 3: Port LEDs
Port Status LEDs
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Table 1: Port Status LEDs
LED
Condition
Status
Link/
Activity/Speed
On/Flashing Amber
Port has a valid link at 10 or 100 Mbps. Flashing
indicates activity.
On/Flashing Green
Port has a valid link at 1000 Mbps. Flashing
indicates activity.
Off
The link is down.
– 26 –
CHAPTER 1
| Introduction
Description of Hardware
Figure 4: System LEDs
System Status LEDs
24
Stack
Stack
Link
Link
Stack
Stack
Master Power
Master
Stack ID
RPU
Master
Select
Console
RPS
Module Diag
Module Diag
Stack ID
Table 2: System Status LEDs
LED
Condition
Status
Power
Green
Internal power is operating normally.
Amber
Internal power supply failure.
Off
Power off or failure.
Flashing Green
System self-diagnostic test in progress.
Green
System self-diagnostic test successfully
completed.
Amber
System self-diagnostic test has detected a fault.
Green
Redundant power supply is receiving power.
Amber
Fault in redundant power supply, including
thermal or fan failure.
Off
Redundant power supply is off or not plugged in.
Green
Switch is the Master unit of the stack. State may
include topology discovery, IP assignment, or
normal operations.
Flashing Green
Switch is the Master unit of the stack, system is
initializing.
Amber
Switch is operating as a Slave unit in the stack.
Flashing Amber
System in Master arbitration/election state.
Off
System in standalone mode.
Diag
RPS
Stack Master
– 27 –
CHAPTER 1 | Introduction
Description of Hardware
Table 2: System Status LEDs (Continued)
LED
Condition
Status
Stack Link
Green
Uplink and downlink operating normally.
Flashing Green
Uplink has failed.
Flashing Amber
Downlink has failed.
Off
No stacking link present.
Green
An expansion module is installed and operating
normally.
Amber
An expansion module is installed but has failed.
Off
There is no module installed.
1-8
Indicates the switch stack ID.
The Master unit is numbered 1. (Note that If the
master unit fails and a backup unit takes over, the
stack IDs do not change.)
Slave units are numbered 2-8.
Off
In standalone mode.
Module
Stack ID
OPTIONAL REDUNDANT POWER SUPPLY
The switch supports an optional Redundant Power Supply (RPS), that can supply
power to the switch in the event the internal power supply fails.
POWER SUPPLY SOCKET
There are two power sockets on the rear panel of each switch. The standard
power socket is for the AC power cord. The socket labeled “RPS” is for the
optional Redundant Power Supply (RPS).
Figure 5: Power Supply Sockets
Redundant Power Socket
Power Socket
– 28 –
CHAPTER 1
| Introduction
Description of Hardware
OPTIONAL MEDIA EXTENDER MODULES
10GBASE XFP MODULE
Figure 6: Single-Port 10GBASE Module (XFP)
The module’s XFP slot supports standard 10 Gigabit Ethernet (10G) XFP
transceivers. The 10GBASE transceivers operate at 10 Gbps full duplex with
support for flow control.
Table 3: Supported XFP Transceivers
Media Standard
Vendor
Part Number
Maximum Distance
1GBASE-SR
Finisar
MOS385302002A
300 m
1GBASE-LR
Finisar
MOS385302001A
10 km
10GBASE-ER
Finisar
MOS385302000A
40 km
EXTENDER MODULE LEDS
The optional 10GBASE slide-in module includes its own integrated LED indicators
on the module’s front panel. The following table describes the LEDs.
Table 4: Module LEDs
LED
Condition
Status
Link/Activity
On/Flashing Green
Port has a valid link at 10 Gbps. Flashing indicates
activity.
Off
The link is down.
– 29 –
CHAPTER 1 | Introduction
Features and Benefits
FEATURES AND BENEFITS
CONNECTIVITY
◆
24 or 48 10/100/1000 Mbps ports for easy Gigabit Ethernet integration and
for protection of your investment in legacy LAN equipment.
◆
Auto-negotiation enables each RJ-45 port to automatically select the
optimum communication mode (half or full duplex) if this feature is
supported by the attached device; otherwise the port can be configured
manually.
◆
RJ-45 10/100/1000BASE-T ports support auto MDI/MDI-X pinout selection.
◆
Unshielded (UTP) cable supported on all RJ-45 ports: Category 3 or better
for 10 Mbps connections, Category 5 or better for 100 Mbps connections,
and Category Category 5, 5e, 6 or better for 1000 Mbps connections.
◆
IEEE 802.3-2005 Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, and IEEE
802.3ae 10 Gigabit Ethernet compliance ensures compatibility with
standards-based hubs, network cards and switches from any vendor.
◆
Provides stacking capability via high-speed serial ports with 48 Gbps
stacking bandwidth. Up to 8 units can be stacked together.
EXPANDABILITY
◆
Supports 1000BASE-SX, 1000BASE-LX, and 1000BASE-LH SFP transceivers.
◆
Optional 10GBASE single-port expansion module with an XFP transceiver
slot.
PERFORMANCE
◆
Transparent bridging.
◆
Aggregate duplex bandwidth of up to 88 Gbps for the ECS4610-26T or 136
Gbps for the ECS4610-50T.
– 30 –
CHAPTER 1
| Introduction
Features and Benefits
◆
Switching table with a total of 16K MAC address entries and 8K IPv4
address entries or 4K IPv6 address entries
◆
Provides store-and-forward switching for intra-VLAN traffic, and IP routing
for inter-VLAN traffic.
◆
Supports wire-speed switching at layer 2, and wire-speed routing at layer 3.
◆
Broadcast storm control.
MANAGEMENT
◆
“At-a-glance” LEDs for easy troubleshooting
◆
Network management agent:
◆
Manages switch (or entire stack) in-band or out-of-band
◆
Supports console, Telnet, SSH, SNMP v1/v2c/v3, RMON (4 groups) and
web-based interface
◆
Slave units provide backup stack management.
– 31 –
CHAPTER 1 | Introduction
Features and Benefits
– 32 –
2
NETWORK PLANNING
INTRODUCTION TO SWITCHING
A network switch allows simultaneous transmission of multiple packets via noncrossbar switching. This means that it can partition a network more efficiently
than bridges or routers. These switches have, therefore, been recognized as one
of the most important building blocks for today’s networking technology.
When performance bottlenecks are caused by congestion at the network access
point (such as the network card for a high-volume file server), the device
experiencing congestion (server, power user or hub) can be attached directly to
a switched port. And, by using full-duplex mode, the bandwidth of the dedicated
segment can be doubled to maximize throughput.
When networks are based on repeater (hub) technology, the distance between
end stations is limited by a maximum hop count. However, a switch turns the
hop count back to zero. So subdividing the network into smaller and more
manageable segments, and linking them to the larger network by means of a
switch, removes this limitation.
A switch can be easily configured in any Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit
Ethernet, or 10G Ethernet network to significantly boost bandwidth while using
conventional cabling and network cards.
– 33 –
CHAPTER 2 | Network Planning
Application Examples
APPLICATION EXAMPLES
The Gigabit Ethernet Switches are not only designed to segment your network,
but also to provide a wide range of options in setting up network connections
and linking VLANs or IP subnets. Some typical applications are described below.
COLLAPSED BACKBONE
The Gigabit Ethernet Switches are an excellent choice for mixed Ethernet, Fast
Ethernet, and Gigabit Ethernet installations where significant growth is expected
in the near future. In a basic stand-alone configuration, it can provide direct fullduplex connections for up to 24/48 workstations or servers. You can easily build
on this basic configuration, adding direct full-duplex connections to workstations
or servers. When the time comes for further expansion, just connect to another
hub or switch using one of the Gigabit Ethernet ports built into the front panel, a
Gigabit Ethernet port on a plug-in SFP transceiver, or a 10G transceiver on an
optional module.
In the figure below, the 48-port Gigabit Ethernet Switch is operating as a
collapsed backbone for a small LAN. It is providing dedicated 10 Mbps fullduplex connections to workstations and 100 Mbps full-duplex connections to
power users, and 1 Gbps full-duplex connections to servers.
Figure 7: Collapsed Backbone
...
Servers
1 Gbps
Full Duplex
...
...
Workstations
100 Mbps
Full Duplex
– 34 –
Workstations
10 Mbps
Full Duplex
CHAPTER 2
| Network Planning
Application Examples
NETWORK AGGREGATION PLAN
With 24 or 48 parallel bridging ports (i.e., 24 or 48 distinct collision domains), a
Gigabit switch stack can collapse a complex network down into a single efficient
bridged node, increasing overall bandwidth and throughput.
In the figure below, the 10/100/1000BASE-T ports in a stack of 48-port Gigabit
Ethernet switches are providing 1000 Mbps connectivity through stackable
switches. In addition, the switches are also connecting several servers at 10
Gbps.
Figure 8: Network Aggregation Plan
Server Farm
10/100/1000 Mbps Segments
...
...
– 35 –
CHAPTER 2 | Network Planning
Application Examples
REMOTE CONNECTIONS WITH FIBER CABLE
Fiber optic technology allows for longer cabling than any other media type. A
1000BASE-SX (MMF) link can connect to a site up to 550 meters away, a
1000BASE-LX (SMF) link up to 5 km, and a 1000BASE-LH link up to 70 km. This
allows a switch stack to serve as a collapsed backbone, providing direct
connectivity for a widespread LAN.
A 1000BASE-SX SFP transceiver can be used for a high-speed connection
between floors in the same building and a 10GBASE-LR module can be used for
high-bandwidth core connections between buildings in a campus setting. For
long-haul connections, a 1000BASE-LH SFP transceiver can be used to reach
another site up to 70 kilometers away.
The figure below illustrates three Gigabit Ethernet switch stacks interconnecting
multiple segments with fiber cable.
Figure 9: Remote Connections with Fiber Cable
Headquarters
Warehouse
1000BASE-LX SMF
(5 kilometers)
Server Farm
Remote Switch
1000BASE-SX MMF
(500 meters)
1000BASE-LX SMF
(5 kilometers)
Research & Development
10/100/1000 Mbps Segments
...
...
Remote Switch
...
...
– 36 –
CHAPTER 2
| Network Planning
Application Examples
MAKING VLAN CONNECTIONS
These switches support VLANs which can be used to organize any group of
network nodes into separate broadcast domains. VLANs confine broadcast traffic
to the originating group, and can eliminate broadcast storms in large networks.
This provides a more secure and cleaner network environment.
VLANs can be based on untagged port groups, or traffic can be explicitly tagged
to identify the VLAN group to which it belongs. Untagged VLANs can be used for
small networks attached to a single switch. However, tagged VLANs should be
used for larger networks, and all the VLANs assigned to the inter-switch links.
These switches also support multiple spanning trees which allow VLAN groups to
maintain a more stable path between all VLAN members. This can reduce the
overall amount of protocol traffic crossing the network, and provide a shorter
reconfiguration time if any link in the spanning tree fails.
At Layer 3, VLANs are used to create an IP interface, where one or more ports
are assigned to the same IP segment. Traffic is automatically routed between
different IP segments on the same switch, without any need to configure routing
protocols.
Figure 10: Making VLAN Connections
R&D
VLAN 1
Tagged
Ports
Tagged Port
Untagged Ports
Finance
VLAN 2
Testing
VLAN
aware
switch
VLAN
unaware
switch
R&D
Marketing
Finance
Testing
VLAN 3
VLAN 1
VLAN 2
VLAN 4
VLAN 3
NOTE: When connecting to a switch that does not support IEEE
802.1Q VLAN tags, use untagged ports.
– 37 –
CHAPTER 2 | Network Planning
Application Examples
USING LAYER 3 ROUTING
VLANs can significantly enhance network performance and security. However, if
you use conventional routers to interconnect VLANs, you can lose most of your
performance advantage. These Gigabit Ethernet Switches are routing switches
that provide wire-speed routing, which allows you to eliminate your conventional
IP routers, except for a router to handle non-IP protocols and a gateway router
linked to the WAN. Just assign an IP address to any VLANs that need to
communicate. The switches will continue to segregate Layer 2 traffic based on
VLANs, but will now provide inter-VLAN connections for IP applications. The
switches will perform IP routing for specified VLAN groups, a directly connected
subnetwork, a remote IP subnetwork or host address, a subnetwork broadcast
address, or an IP multicast address.
Figure 11: IP Routing for Unicast Traffi
R&D
IP Network 2
Testing
IP Network 1
VLAN 1
VLAN 2
– 38 –
CHAPTER 2
| Network Planning
Application Notes
APPLICATION NOTES
1.
Full-duplex operation only applies to point-to-point access (such as when a
switch is attached to a workstation, server or another switch). When the
switch is connected to a hub, both devices must operate in half-duplex
mode.
2.
For network applications that require routing between dissimilar network
types, you can attach these switches directly to a multi-protocol router.
However, if you have to interconnect distinct VLANs or IP subnets, you can
take advantage of the wire-speed Layer 3 routing provided by these
switches.
3.
As a general rule, the length of fiber optic cable for a single switched link
should not exceed:
■
1000BASE-SX: 550 m (1805 ft) for multimode fiber
■
1000BASE-LX: 5 km (3.1 miles) for single-mode fiber
■
1000BASE-LH: 70 km (43.5 miles) for single-mode fiber
■
10GBASE-SR: 300 m (984 ft) for multimode fiber
■
10GBASE-LR: 10 km (6.2 miles) for single-mode fiber
■
10GBASE-ER: 40 km (24.8 miles) for single-mode fiber
However, power budget constraints must also be considered when
calculating the maximum cable length for your specific environment.
– 39 –
CHAPTER 2 | Network Planning
Application Notes
– 40 –
3
INSTALLING THE SWITCH
SELECTING A SITE
Switch units can be mounted in a standard 19-inch equipment rack or on a flat
surface. Be sure to follow the guidelines below when choosing a location.
◆
The site should:
■
be at the center of all the devices you want to link and near a power
outlet.
■
be able to maintain its temperature within 0 to 50 °C (32 to 122 °F)
and its humidity within 5% to 95%, non-condensing
■
provide adequate space (approximately five centimeters or two inches)
on all sides for proper air flow
■
be accessible for installing, cabling and maintaining the devices
■
allow the status LEDs to be clearly visible
◆
Make sure twisted-pair cable is always routed away from power lines,
fluorescent lighting fixtures and other sources of electrical interference,
such as radios and transmitters.
◆
Make sure that the unit is connected to a separate grounded power outlet
that provides 100 to 240 VAC, 50 to 60 Hz, is within 2 m (6.6 feet) of each
device and is powered from an independent circuit breaker. As with any
equipment, using a filter or surge suppressor is recommended.
– 41 –
CHAPTER 3 | Installing the Switch
Ethernet Cabling
ETHERNET CABLING
To ensure proper operation when installing the switches into a network, make
sure that the current cables are suitable for 10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX or
1000BASE-T operation. Check the following criteria against the current
installation of your network:
◆
Cable type: Unshielded twisted pair (UTP) or shielded twisted pair (STP)
cables with RJ-45 connectors; Category 3 or better for 10BASE-T, Category
5 or better for 100BASE-TX, and Category 5, 5e or 6 for 1000BASE-T.
◆
Protection from radio frequency interference emissions
◆
Electrical surge suppression
◆
Separation of electrical wires (switch related or other) and electromagnetic
fields from data based network wiring
◆
Safe connections with no damaged cables, connectors or shields
Figure 12: RJ-45 Connections
RJ-45 Connector
– 42 –
CHAPTER 3
| Installing the Switch
Equipment Checklist
EQUIPMENT CHECKLIST
After unpacking this switch, check the contents to be sure you have received all
the components. Then, before beginning the installation, be sure you have all
other necessary installation equipment.
PACKAGE CONTENTS
◆
24- or 48-port Gigabit Ethernet Switch (ECS4610-26T or ECS4610-50T)
◆
Four adhesive foot pads
◆
Bracket Mounting Kit containing two brackets and eight screws for attaching
the brackets to the switch
◆
Power cord—either US, Continental Europe or UK
◆
Console cable (RJ-45 to RS-232)
◆
This Installation Guide
◆
Management Guide CD
OPTIONAL RACK-MOUNTING EQUIPMENT
If you plan to rack-mount the switch, be sure to have the following equipment
available:
◆
Four mounting screws for each device you plan to install in a rack—these
are not included
◆
A screwdriver (Phillips or flathead, depending on the type of screws used)
– 43 –
CHAPTER 3
Mounting
| Installing the Switch
MOUNTING
The switch can be mounted in a standard 19-inch equipment rack or on a
desktop or shelf. Mounting instructions for each type of site follow.
RACK MOUNTING
Before rack mounting the switch, pay particular attention to the following
factors:
◆
Temperature: Since the temperature within a rack assembly may be higher
than the ambient room temperature, check that the rack-environment
temperature is within the specified operating temperature range. (See
page 78.)
◆
Mechanical Loading: Do not place any equipment on top of a rack-mounted
unit.
◆
Circuit Overloading: Be sure that the supply circuit to the rack assembly is
not overloaded.
◆
Grounding: Rack-mounted equipment should be properly grounded.
Particular attention should be given to supply connections other than direct
connections to the mains.
To rack-mount devices:
1.
Attach the brackets to the device using the screws provided in the Bracket
Mounting Kit.
– 44 –
CHAPTER 3
| Installing the Switch
Mounting
Figure 13: Attaching the Brackets
2.
Mount the device in the rack, using four rack-mounting screws (not
provided).
Figure 14: Installing the Switch in a Rack
– 45 –
CHAPTER 3
Mounting
3.
| Installing the Switch
If installing a single switch only, turn to “Connecting to a Power Source”
on page 51.
4.
If installing multiple switches, mount them in the rack, one below the other,
in any order.
5.
If also installing an RPS, mount it in the rack below the other devices.
DESKTOP OR SHELF MOUNTING
1. Attach the four adhesive feet to the bottom of the first switch.
Figure 15: Attaching the Adhesive Feet
2.
Set the device on a flat surface near an AC power source, making sure there
are at least two inches of space on all sides for proper air flow.
3.
If installing a single switch only, go to “Connecting to a Power Source” on
page 51.
4.
If installing multiple switches, attach four adhesive feet to each one. Place
each device squarely on top of the one below, in any order.
5.
If also installing an RPS, place it close to the stack.
– 46 –
CHAPTER 3 | Installing the Switch
Installing an Optional Module into the Switch
INSTALLING AN OPTIONAL MODULE INTO THE SWITCH
Figure 16: Installing an Optional Module
NOTE: The slide-in modules are hot-swappable, you do not need to
power off the switch before installing or removing a module.
To install an optional module into the switch, do the following:
1.
Remove the blank metal plate (or a previously installed module) from the
appropriate slot by removing the two screws with a flat-head screwdriver.
2.
Before opening the package that contains the module, touch the bag to the
switch casing to discharge any potential static electricity. Also, it is
recommended to use an ESD wrist strap during installation.
3.
Remove the module from the anti-static shielded bag.
4.
Holding the module level, guide it into the carrier rails on each side and
gently push it all the way into the slot, ensuring that it firmly engages with
the connector.
5.
If you are sure the module is properly mated with the connector, tighten the
retainer screws to secure the module in the slot.
6.
The Module LED on the switch’s front panel should turn green to confirm
that the module is correctly installed and ready to use.
– 47 –
CHAPTER 3 | Installing the Switch
Installing an Optional SFP Transceiver
INSTALLING AN OPTIONAL SFP TRANSCEIVER
Figure 17: Inserting an SFP Transceiver into a Slot
These switches support 1000BASE-SX and 1000BASE-LX, and 1000BASE-LH
SFP-compatible transceivers. To install an SFP transceiver, do the following:
1.
Consider network and cabling requirements to select an appropriate SFP
transceiver type.
2.
Insert the transceiver with the optical connector facing outward and the slot
connector facing down. Note that SFP transceivers are keyed so they can
only be installed in one orientation.
3.
Slide the SFP transceiver into the slot until it clicks into place.
NOTE: SFP transceivers are hot-swappable. The switch does not need
to be powered off before installing or removing a transceiver. However,
always first disconnect the network cable before removing a
transceiver.
NOTE: SFP transceivers are not provided in the switch package.
– 48 –
CHAPTER 3
| Installing the Switch
Connecting Switches in a Stack
CONNECTING SWITCHES IN A STACK
Figure 18 shows how the stack cables are connected between switches in a
stack. Each stacking connection is a 48 Gbps full-duplex high-speed serial link
using proprietary stacking cables. The switch supports a line- and ring-topology
stacking configuration, or can be used stand alone. To ensure minimal disruption
in case a unit or stacking cable fails, we recommend always use a ring-topology.
In line-topology stacking there is a single stack cable connection between each
switch that carries two-way communications across the stack. In ring-topology
stacking, an extra cable is connected between the top and bottom switches
forming a “ring” or “closed-loop.” The closed-loop cable provides a redundant
path for the stack link, so if one link fails, stack communications can still be
maintained. Figure 18 illustrates a ring-topology stacking configuration.
To connect up to eight switches in a stack, perform the following steps:
1.
Plug one end of the stack cable (ordered separately) in the Down (right)
port of the top unit.
2.
Plug the other end of the stack cable into the Up (left) port of the next unit.
3.
Repeat steps 1 and 2 for each unit in the stack. Form a simple chain starting
at the Down port on the top unit and ending at the Up port on the bottom
unit (stacking up to 8 units).
4.
(Optional) To form a wrap-around topology, plug one end of a stack cable
into the Down port on the bottom unit and the other end into the Up port on
the top unit.
– 49 –
CHAPTER 3 | Installing the Switch
Connecting Switches in a Stack
Figure 18: Making Stacking Connections
5.
Select the Master unit in the stack by pressing the Master button in on only
one of the switches. Only one switch in the stack can operate as the Master,
all other units operate in slave mode. If more than one switch in the stack is
selected as Master, or if no switches are selected, the system will select the
unit with the lowest MAC address as the Master.
STACKING TOPOLOGIES
All units in the stack must be connected via stacking cable. You can connect
units in a simple cascade configuration, connecting Down ports to Up ports, from
the top unit to the bottom unit. Using this “line” topology, if any link or unit in
the stack fails, the stack is split and two separate segments are formed. The
Stack Link LEDs on the units that are disconnected flash to indicate that the
stack link between them is not functioning (see Table 2, “System Status LEDs,”
on page 27).
When using line topology and a stack link failure occurs, the stack reboots and a
Master unit is selected within each of the two stack segments. The Master unit
will be either the unit with the Master button depressed or the unit with the
lowest MAC address if the Master button is not depressed on any unit. When the
stack reboots and resumes operations, note that the IP address will be the same
for both of the stack segments. To resolve the conflicting IP addresses, you
– 50 –
CHAPTER 3
| Installing the Switch
Connecting to a Power Source
should manually replace the failed link or unit as soon as possible. If you are
using a wrap-around stack topology, a single point of failure in the stack will not
cause the stack to fail. It would take two or more points of failure to break the
stack apart.
If the Master unit fails or is powered off, the backup unit will take control of the
stack without any loss of configuration settings. The Slave unit with the lowest
MAC address is selected as the backup unit.
CONNECTING TO A POWER SOURCE
To connect a switch to a power source:
1.
Insert the power cable plug directly into the AC socket located at the back of
the switch.
Figure 19: Power Socket
2.
Plug the other end of the cable into a grounded, 3-pin, AC power source.
NOTE: For International use, you may need to change the AC line
cord. You must use a line cord set that has been approved for the
socket type in your country.
3.
Check the front-panel LEDs as the device is powered on to be sure the PWR
LED is lit. If not, check that the power cable is correctly plugged in.
– 51 –
CHAPTER 3 | Installing the Switch
Connecting to the Console Port
4.
If you have purchased a Redundant Power Supply, connect it to the switch
and to an AC power source now, following the instructions included with the
package.
CONNECTING TO THE CONSOLE PORT
The RJ-45 serial port on the switch’s front panel is used to connect to the switch
for out-of-band console configuration. The on-board configuration program can
be accessed from a terminal or a PC running a terminal emulation program. The
pin assignments used to connect to the serial port are provided in the following
table.
Figure 20: Serial Port (RJ-45) Pin-Out
8
1
8
1
WIRING MAP FOR SERIAL CABLE
Table 5: Serial Cable Wiring
Switch’s 9-Pin
Serial Port
Null Modem
PC’s 9-Pin
DTE Port
6 RXD (receive data)
<---------------------
3 TXD (transmit data)
3 TXD (transmit data)
--------------------->
2 RXD (receive data)
5 SGND (signal ground) -----------------------
5 SGND (signal ground)
No other pins are used.
The serial port’s configuration requirements are as follows:
◆
Default Baud rate—115,200 bps
– 52 –
CHAPTER 3
| Installing the Switch
Connecting to the Console Port
◆
Character Size—8 Characters
◆
Parity—None
◆
Stop bit—One
◆
Data bits—8
◆
Flow control—none
– 53 –
CHAPTER 3 | Installing the Switch
Connecting to the Console Port
– 54 –
4
MAKING NETWORK CONNECTIONS
CONNECTING NETWORK DEVICES
This switch is designed to interconnect multiple segments (or collision domains).
It can be connected to network cards in PCs and servers, as well as to hubs,
switches or routers. It may also be connected to devices using optional XFP or
SFP transceivers.
TWISTED-PAIR DEVICES
Each device requires an unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cable with RJ-45
connectors at both ends. Use Category 5, 5e or 6 cable for 1000BASE-T
connections, Category 5 or better for 100BASE-TX connections, and Category 3
or better for 10BASE-T connections.
CABLING GUIDELINES
The RJ-45 ports on the switch support automatic MDI/MDI-X pinout
configuration, so you can use standard straight-through twisted-pair cables to
connect to any other network device (PCs, servers, switches, routers, or hubs).
See Appendix B for further information on cabling.
CAUTION: Do not plug a phone jack connector into an RJ-45 port. This
will damage the switch. Use only twisted-pair cables with RJ-45
connectors that conform to FCC standards.
– 55 –
CHAPTER 4 | Making Network Connections
Twisted-Pair Devices
CONNECTING TO PCS, SERVERS, HUBS AND SWITCHES
1. Attach one end of a twisted-pair cable segment to the device’s RJ-45
connector.
Figure 21: Making Twisted-Pair Connections
2.
If the device is a network card and the switch is in the wiring closet, attach
the other end of the cable segment to a modular wall outlet that is
connected to the wiring closet. (See the section “Network Wiring
Connections” on page 57.) Otherwise, attach the other end to an available
port on the switch.
Make sure each twisted pair cable does not exceed 100 meters (328 ft) in
length.
NOTE: Avoid using flow control on a port connected to a hub unless it
is actually required to solve a problem. Otherwise back pressure
jamming signals may degrade overall performance for the segment
attached to the hub.
3.
As each connection is made, the Link LED (on the switch) corresponding to
each port will light green (1000 Mbps) or yellow (10/100 Mbps) to indicate
that the connection is valid.
– 56 –
CHAPTER 4
| Making Network Connections
Twisted-Pair Devices
NETWORK WIRING CONNECTIONS
Today, the punch-down block is an integral part of many of the newer equipment
racks. It is actually part of the patch panel. Instructions for making connections
in the wiring closet with this type of equipment follows.
1.
Attach one end of a patch cable to an available port on the switch, and the
other end to the patch panel.
2.
If not already in place, attach one end of a cable segment to the back of the
patch panel where the punch-down block is located, and the other end to a
modular wall outlet.
3.
Label the cables to simplify future troubleshooting. See “Cable Labeling and
Connection Records” on page 65.
– 57 –
CHAPTER 4 | Making Network Connections
Fiber Optic SFP Devices
Figure 22: Network Wiring Connections
Equipment Rack
(side view)
Network Switch
w it ch 10 /1 0 0
6724L 3
ES4524C
Punch-Down Block
Patch Panel
Wall
FIBER OPTIC SFP DEVICES
An optional Gigabit SFP transceiver (1000BASE-SX, 1000BASE-LX or 1000BASELH) can be used for a backbone connection between switches, or for connecting
to a high-speed server.
Each single-mode fiber port requires 9/125 micron single-mode fiber optic cable
with an LC connector at both ends. Each multimode fiber optic port requires 50/
125 or 62.5/125 micron multimode fiber optic cabling with an LC connector at
both ends.
– 58 –
CHAPTER 4
| Making Network Connections
Fiber Optic SFP Devices
WARNING: This switch uses lasers to transmit signals over fiber optic
cable. The lasers are compliant with the requirements of a Class 1
Laser Product and are inherently eye safe in normal operation.
However, you should never look directly at a transmit port when it is
powered on.
WARNING: When selecting a fiber SFP device, considering safety,
please make sure that it can function at a temperature that is not less
than the recommended maximum operational temperature of the
product. You must also use an approved Laser Class 1 SFP transceiver.
1.
Remove and keep the LC port’s rubber plug. When not connected to a fiber
cable, the rubber plug should be replaced to protect the optics.
2.
Check that the fiber terminators are clean. You can clean the cable plugs by
wiping them gently with a clean tissue or cotton ball moistened with a little
ethanol. Dirty fiber terminators on fiber optic cables will impair the quality
of the light transmitted through the cable and lead to degraded performance
on the port.
3.
Connect one end of the cable to the LC port on the switch and the other end
to the LC port on the other device. Since LC connectors are keyed, the cable
can be attached in only one orientation.
Figure 23: Making Fiber Port Connections
4.
As a connection is made, check the Link LED on the switch corresponding to
the port to be sure that the connection is valid.
– 59 –
CHAPTER 4 | Making Network Connections
Fiber Optic SFP Devices
The 1000BASE-SX, 1000BASE-LX, 1000BASE-LH fiber optic ports operate at
1 Gbps, full duplex, with auto-negotiation of flow control. The maximum length
for fiber optic cable operating at Gigabit speed will depend on the fiber type as
listed under “1000 Mbps Gigabit Ethernet Collision Domain” on page 64.
– 60 –
CHAPTER 4
| Making Network Connections
10 Gbps Fiber Optic Connections
10 GBPS FIBER OPTIC CONNECTIONS
An optional 10 Gigabit transceiver (XFP) can be used for a backbone connection
between switches.
Single-mode fiber ports require 9/125 micron single-mode fiber optic cable.
Multimode fiber optic ports require 50/125 or 62.5/125 micron multimode fiber
optic cable. Each fiber optic cable must have an LC connector attached at both
ends.
WARNING: These switches use lasers to transmit signals over fiber
optic cable. The lasers are compliant with the requirements of a Class 1
Laser Product and are inherently eye safe in normal operation.
However, you should never look directly at a transmit port when it is
powered on.
WARNING: When selecting a fiber device, considering safety, please
make sure that it can function at a temperature that is not less than the
recommended maximum operational temperature of the product. You
must also use an approved Laser Class 1 SFP transceiver.
1.
Remove and keep the port’s protective cover. When not connected to a fiber
cable, the cover should be replaced to protect the optics.
2.
Check that the fiber terminators are clean. You can clean the cable plugs by
wiping them gently with a clean tissue or cotton ball moistened with a little
ethanol. Dirty fiber terminators on fiber cables will impair the quality of the
light transmitted through the cable and lead to degraded performance on
the port.
3.
Connect one end of the cable to the LC port on the switch and the other end
to the LC port on the other device. Since LC connectors are keyed, the cable
can be attached in only one orientation.
– 61 –
CHAPTER 4 | Making Network Connections
10 Gbps Fiber Optic Connections
Figure 24: Connecting to an XFP Transceiver
4.
As a connection is made, check the Link LED on the module to be sure that
the connection is valid.
The 10G fiber optic ports operate at 10 Gbps full duplex. The maximum length
for fiber optic cable operating at 10 Gbps will depend on the fiber type as listed
under “10 Gbps Ethernet Collision Domain” on page 63.
– 62 –
CHAPTER 4
| Making Network Connections
Connectivity Rules
CONNECTIVITY RULES
When adding hubs (repeaters) to your network, please follow the connectivity
rules listed in the manuals for these products. However, note that because
switches break up the path for connected devices into separate collision
domains, you should not include the switch or connected cabling in your
calculations for cascade length involving other devices.
1000BASE-T CABLE REQUIREMENTS
All Category 5 UTP cables that are used for 100BASE-TX connections should also
work for 1000BASE-T, providing that all four wire pairs are connected. However,
it is recommended that for all critical connections, or any new cable installations,
Category 5e (enhanced Category 5) or Category 6 cable should be used. The
Category 5e specification includes test parameters that are only
recommendations for Category 5. Therefore, the first step in preparing existing
Category 5 cabling for running 1000BASE-T is a simple test of the cable
installation to be sure that it complies with the IEEE 802.3-2005 standards.
10 GBPS ETHERNET COLLISION DOMAIN
Table 6: Maximum 1000BASE-SX Gigabit Ethernet Cable Lengths
Fiber Size
Fiber Bandwidth
Maximum Cable Length
Connector
62.5/125 micron
single-mode fiber
160 MHz/km
2-26 m (7-85 ft.)
LC
200 MHz/km
2-33 m (7-108 ft.)
LC
400 MHz/km
2-66 m (7-216 ft.)
LC
500 MHz/km
2-82 m (7-269 ft.)
LC
2000 MHz/km
2-300 m (7-984 ft.)
LC
50/125 micron
single-mode fiber
Table 7: Maximum 10GBASE-LR 10 Gigabit Ethernet Cable Length
Fiber Size
Fiber Bandwidth
Maximum Cable Length
Connector
9/125 micron singlemode fiber
N/A
10 km (6.2 miles)
LC
– 63 –
CHAPTER 4 | Making Network Connections
Connectivity Rules
Table 8: Maximum 10GBASE-ER 10 Gigabit Ethernet Cable Length
Fiber Size
Fiber Bandwidth
Maximum Cable Length
Connector
9/125 micron singlemode fiber
N/A
40 km (24.85 miles)
LC
1000 MBPS GIGABIT ETHERNET COLLISION DOMAIN
Table 9: Maximum 1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet Cable Length
Cable Type
Maximum Cable Length
Connector
Category 5, 5e, or 6 100-ohm UTP or STP
100 m (328 ft)
RJ-45
Table 10: Maximum 1000BASE-SX Gigabit Ethernet Cable Lengths
Fiber Size
Fiber Bandwidth
Maximum Cable Length
Connector
62.5/125 micron
multimode fiber
160 MHz/km
2-220 m (7-722 ft)
LC
200 MHz/km
2-275 m (7-902 ft)
LC
400 MHz/km
2-500 m (7-1641 ft)
LC
500 MHz/km
2-550 m (7-1805 ft)
LC
50/125 micron
multimode fiber
Table 11: Maximum 1000BASE-LX Gigabit Ethernet Cable Length
Fiber Size
Fiber Bandwidth
Maximum Cable Length
Connector
9/125 micron singlemode fiber
N/A
2 m - 5 km (7 ft - 3.2 miles)
LC
Table 12: Maximum 1000BASE-LH Gigabit Ethernet Cable Length
Fiber Size
Fiber Bandwidth
Maximum Cable Length
Connector
9/125 micron singlemode fiber
N/A
2 m - 70 km
(7 ft - 43.5 miles)
LC
– 64 –
CHAPTER 4
| Making Network Connections
Cable Labeling and Connection Records
100 MBPS FAST ETHERNET COLLISION DOMAIN
Table 13: Maximum Fast Ethernet Cable Lengths
Type
Cable Type
Max. Cable Length
Connector
100BASE-TX
Category 5 or better 100-ohm
UTP or STP
100 m (328 ft)
RJ-45
10 MBPS ETHERNET COLLISION DOMAIN
Table 14: Maximum Ethernet Cable Length
Type
Cable Type
Max. Cable Length
Connector
10BASE-T
Category 3 or better 100-ohm UTP
100 m (328 ft)
RJ-45
CABLE LABELING AND CONNECTION RECORDS
When planning a network installation, it is essential to label the opposing ends of
cables and to record where each cable is connected. Doing so will enable you to
easily locate inter-connected devices, isolate faults and change your topology
without need for unnecessary time consumption.
To best manage the physical implementations of your network, follow these
guidelines:
◆
Clearly label the opposing ends of each cable.
◆
Using your building’s floor plans, draw a map of the location of all networkconnected equipment. For each piece of equipment, identify the devices to
which it is connected.
◆
Note the length of each cable and the maximum cable length supported by
the switch ports.
◆
For ease of understanding, use a location-based key when assigning
prefixes to your cable labeling.
◆
Use sequential numbers for cables that originate from the same equipment.
– 65 –
CHAPTER 4 | Making Network Connections
Cable Labeling and Connection Records
◆
Differentiate between racks by naming accordingly.
◆
Label each separate piece of equipment.
◆
Display a copy of your equipment map, including keys to all abbreviations at
each equipment rack.
– 66 –
A
TROUBLESHOOTING
DIAGNOSING SWITCH INDICATORS
Table 15: Troubleshooting Chart
Symptom
Action
PWR LED is Off
◆
Check connections between the switch, the power cord and
the wall outlet.
◆
Contact your dealer for assistance.
Power LED is Amber
◆
Internal power supply has failed. Contact your local dealer
for assistance.
DIAG LED Flashing
Yellow
◆
◆
Power cycle the switch to try and clear the condition.
Stack Master LED is
Flashing Amber
◆
The stack has not completed its initial configuration. Wait a
few minutes for the process to complete.
◆
Check that all stacking cables are properly connected.
◆
◆
The uplink/downlink has failed.
◆
Power cycle the switch to try and clear the condition.
◆
◆
Verify that the switch and attached device are powered on.
◆
If the switch is installed in a rack, check the connections to
the punch-down block and patch panel.
◆
Verify that the proper cable type is used and its length does
not exceed specified limits.
◆
Check the adapter on the attached device and cable
connections for possible defects. Replace the defective
adapter or cable if necessary.
Stack Link LED is
Flashing Green/Amber
Link LED is Off
If the condition does not clear, contact your dealer for
assistance.
For the indicated stack link, check that the stacking cables
are properly connected. Replace the stacking cable if
necessary.
Be sure the cable is plugged into both the switch and
corresponding device.
– 67 –
CHAPTER A | Troubleshooting
Diagnosing Switch Indicators
DIAGNOSING POWER PROBLEMS WITH THE LEDS
The Power and RPU LEDs work in combination to indicate power status as
follows.
Table 16: Power/RPS LEDs
Power LED
RPU LED
Status
Green
Green
Internal power functioning normally; RPU is present.
Green
Amber
Internal power functioning normally; RPU plugged in but faulty.
Green
Off
Internal power functioning normally; RPU not plugged in.
Amber
Green
Internal power faulty; RPU delivering power.
Off
Off
Both internal power and RPU unplugged or not functioning.
– 68 –
CHAPTER A
| Troubleshooting
Power and Cooling Problems
POWER AND COOLING PROBLEMS
If the power indicator does not turn on when the power cord is plugged in, you
may have a problem with the power outlet, power cord, or internal power
supply. However, if the unit powers off after running for a while, check for loose
power connections, power losses or surges at the power outlet. If you still
cannot isolate the problem, the internal power supply may be defective.
INSTALLATION
Verify that all system components have been properly installed. If one or more
components appear to be malfunctioning (such as the power cord or network
cabling), test them in an alternate environment where you are sure that all the
other components are functioning properly.
IN-BAND ACCESS
You can access the management agent in the switch from anywhere within the
attached network using Telnet, a web browser, or other network management
software tools. However, you must first configure the switch with a valid IP
address, subnet mask, and default gateway. If you have trouble establishing a
link to the management agent, check to see if you have a valid network
connection. Then verify that you entered the correct IP address. Also, be sure
the port through which you are connecting to the switch has not been disabled.
If it has not been disabled, then check the network cabling that runs between
your remote location and the switch.
NOTE: The management agent accepts up to four simultaneous Telnet
sessions. If the maximum number of sessions already exists, an
additional Telnet connection will not be able to log into the system.
– 69 –
CHAPTER A | Troubleshooting
Stack Troubleshooting
STACK TROUBLESHOOTING
If a stack fails to initialize or function, first check the following items:
◆
Check that all stacking cables are properly connected.
◆
Check if any stacking cables appear damaged.
◆
Check that only one Stack Master button is pressed in.
◆
Check that all switches in the stack are powered on.
After checking all items, reboot all the switches in the stack.
Switches in the stack may be configured using a ring- or line-topology. To ensure
minimal disruption in case a unit or stacking cable fails, always use a ringtopology. When using ring-topology configuration and a switch fails, or a
stacking cable is disconnected, the stack continues normal operation using linetopology stacking through the remaining stack connections.
If any changes occur to a slave unit, such as unit failure or insertion of a new
unit, operation of the other units in the stack are not affected. On the other
hand, if the master unit fails, the unit with the lowest MAC address is elected as
the new master. The stack reboots, discovers the new stack topology, assigns
identifiers to each unit, and checks the software images on each unit. This
process make take up to two minutes.
If you do not connect a wrap-around cable from the bottom unit back up to the
top unit in the stack, the failure of a single unit will cause the stack to break into
two separate stacks. In this case, a master unit will be elected for both of the
stacks. However, backup information inherited from the previous master unit will
cause the same IP address to be used by both master units in the two stacks.
You must therefore manually reconfigure the IP address of the management
interface on one of the master units.
– 70 –
B
CABLES
TWISTED-PAIR CABLE AND PIN ASSIGNMENTS
For 10/100BASE-TX connections, the twisted-pair cable must have two pairs of
wires. For 1000BASE-T connections the twisted-pair cable must have four pairs
of wires. Each wire pair is identified by two different colors. For example, one
wire might be green and the other, green with white stripes. Also, an RJ-45
connector must be attached to both ends of the cable.
CAUTION: DO NOT plug a phone jack connector into any RJ-45 port.
Use only twisted-pair cables with RJ-45 connectors that conform with
FCC standards.
CAUTION: Each wire pair must be attached to the RJ-45 connectors in
a specific orientation.
The figure below illustrates how the pins on the RJ-45 connector are numbered.
Be sure to hold the connectors in the same orientation when attaching the wires
to the pins.
Figure 25: RJ-45 Connector Pin Numbers
1
1
8
– 71 –
8
CHAPTER B | Cables
Twisted-Pair Cable and Pin Assignments
10BASE-T/100BASE-TX PIN ASSIGNMENTS
Use unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) or shielded twisted-pair (STP) cable for RJ-45
connections: 100-ohm Category 3 or better cable for 10 Mbps connections, or
100-ohm Category 5 or better cable for 100 Mbps connections. Also be sure that
the length of any twisted-pair connection does not exceed 100 meters (328 feet).
The RJ-45 ports on the switch base unit support automatic MDI/MDI-X
operation, so you can use straight-through cables for all network connections to
PCs or servers, or to other switches or hubs. In straight-through cable, pins 1, 2,
3, and 6, at one end of the cable, are connected straight through to pins 1, 2, 3,
and 6 at the other end of the cable. When using any RJ-45 port on this switch,
you can use either straight-through or crossover cable.
Table 17: 10/100BASE-TX MDI and MDI-X Port Pinouts
Pin
MDI Signal Name
MDI-X Signal Name
1
Transmit Data plus (TD+)
Receive Data plus (RD+)
2
Transmit Data minus (TD-)
Receive Data minus (RD-)
3
Receive Data plus (RD+)
Transmit Data plus (TD+)
6
Receive Data minus (RD-)
Transmit Data minus (TD-)
4,5,7,8
Not used
Not used
Note:The “+” and “-” signs represent the polarity of the wires that
make up each wire pair.
STRAIGHT-THROUGH WIRING
If the twisted-pair cable is to join two ports and only one of the ports has an
internal crossover (MDI-X), the two pairs of wires must be straight-through.
(When auto-negotiation is enabled for any RJ-45 port on this switch, you can
use either straight-through or crossover cable to connect to any device type.)
You must connect all four wire pairs as shown in the following diagram to
support Gigabit Ethernet.
– 72 –
CHAPTER B | Cables
Twisted-Pair Cable and Pin Assignments
Figure 26: Straight-through Wiring
EIA/TIA 568B RJ-45 Wiring Standard
10/100BASE-TX Straight-through Cable
White/Orange Stripe
Orange
End A
White/Green Stripe
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Blue
White/Blue Stripe
Green
White/Brown Stripe
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
End B
Brown
CROSSOVER WIRING
If the twisted-pair cable is to join two ports and either both ports are labeled
with an “X” (MDI-X) or neither port is labeled with an “X” (MDI), a crossover
must be implemented in the wiring. (When auto-negotiation is enabled for any
RJ-45 port on this switch, you can use either straight-through or crossover cable
to connect to any device type.)
You must connect all four wire pairs as shown in the following diagram to
support Gigabit Ethernet.
Figure 27: Crossover Wiring
EIA/TIA 568B RJ-45 Wiring Standard
10/100BASE-TX Crossover Cable
White/Orange Stripe
Orange
End A
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
White/Green Stripe
Blue
White/Blue Stripe
Green
White/Brown Stripe
Brown
– 73 –
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
End B
CHAPTER B | Cables
Twisted-Pair Cable and Pin Assignments
1000BASE-T PIN ASSIGNMENTS
All 1000BASE-T ports support automatic MDI/MDI-X operation, so you can use
straight-through cables for all network connections to PCs or servers, or to other
switches or hubs.
The table below shows the 1000BASE-T MDI and MDI-X port pinouts. These
ports require that all four pairs of wires be connected. Note that for 1000BASE-T
operation, all four pairs of wires are used for both transmit and receive.
Use 100-ohm Category 5, 5e or 6 unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) or shielded
twisted-pair (STP) cable for 1000BASE-T connections. Also be sure that the
length of any twisted-pair connection does not exceed 100 meters (328 feet).
Table 18: 1000BASE-T MDI and MDI-X Port Pinouts
Pin
MDI Signal Name
MDI-X Signal Name
1
Bi-directional Pair A Plus (BI_DA+)
Bi-directional Pair B Plus (BI_DB+)
2
Bi-directional Pair A Minus (BI_DA-)
Bi-directional Pair B Minus (BI_DB-)
3
Bi-directional Pair B Plus (BI_DB+)
Bi-directional Pair A Plus (BI_DA+)
4
Bi-directional Pair C Plus (BI_DC+)
Bi-directional Pair D Plus (BI_DD+)
5
Bi-directional Pair C Minus (BI_DC-)
Bi-directional Pair D Minus (BI_DD-)
6
Bi-directional Pair B Minus (BI_DB-)
Bi-directional Pair A Minus (BI_DA-)
7
Bi-directional Pair D Plus (BI_DD+)
Bi-directional Pair C Plus (BI_DC+)
8
Bi-directional Pair D Minus (BI_DD-)
Bi-directional Pair C Minus (BI_DC-)
CABLE TESTING FOR EXISTING CATEGORY 5 CABLE
Installed Category 5 cabling must pass tests for Attenuation, Near-End Crosstalk
(NEXT), and Far-End Crosstalk (FEXT). This cable testing information is specified
in the ANSI/TIA/EIA-TSB-67 standard. Additionally, cables must also pass test
parameters for Return Loss and Equal-Level Far-End Crosstalk (ELFEXT). These
tests are specified in the ANSI/TIA/EIA-TSB-95 Bulletin, “The Additional
Transmission Performance Guidelines for 100 Ohm 4-Pair Category 5 Cabling.”
Note that when testing your cable installation, be sure to include all patch cables
between switches and end devices.
– 74 –
CHAPTER B
| Cables
Fiber Standards
ADJUSTING EXISTING CATEGORY 5 CABLING TO RUN 1000BASE-T
If your existing Category 5 installation does not meet one of the test parameters
for 1000BASE-T, there are basically three measures that can be applied to try
and correct the problem:
1.
Replace any Category 5 patch cables with high-performance Category 5e or
Category 6 cables.
2.
Reduce the number of connectors used in the link.
3.
Reconnect some of the connectors in the link.
FIBER STANDARDS
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU-T) has standardized various
fiber types for data networks. These are summarized in the following table.
Table 19: Fiber Standards
ITU-T
Standard
Description
Application
G.651
Multimode Fiber
50/125-micron core
Short-reach connections in the 1300nm or 850-nm band
G.652
Non-Dispersion-Shifted Fiber
Single-mode, 9/125-micron core
Longer spans and extended reach.
Optimized for operation in the 1310nm band. but can also be used in the
1550-nm band
G.652.C
Low Water Peak NonDispersion-Shifted Fiber
Single-mode, 9/125-micron core
Longer spans and extended reach.
Optimized for wavelength-division
multiplexing (WDM) transmission
across wavelengths from 1285 to
1625 nm. The zero dispersion
wavelength is in the 1310-nm region.
G.653
Dispersion-Shifted Fiber
Single-mode, 9/125-micron core
Longer spans and extended reach.
Optimized for operation in the region
from 1500 to 1600-nm.
– 75 –
CHAPTER B
Fiber Standards
| Cables
Table 19: Fiber Standards (Continued)
ITU-T
Standard
Description
Application
G.654
1550-nm Loss-Minimized Fiber
Single-mode, 9/125-micron core
Extended long-haul applications.
Optimized for high-power
transmission in the 1500 to 1600-nm
region, with low loss in the 1550-nm
band.
G.655
Non-Zero Dispersion-Shifted
Fiber
Single-mode, 9/125-micron core
Extended long-haul applications.
Optimized for high-power dense
wavelength-division multiplexing
(DWDM) operation in the region from
1500 to 1600-nm.
– 76 –
C
SPECIFICATIONS
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
PORTS
ECS4610-26T: 20 10/100/1000BASE-T, with auto-negotiation
4 10/100/1000BASE-T shared with 4 SFP transceiver slots
2 10GBASE extender module slots for XFP transceivers
Two slots for stacking transceivers
ECS4610-50T:44 10/100/1000BASE-T, with auto-negotiation
4 10/100/1000BASE-T shared with 4 SFP transceiver slots
2 10GBASE extender module slots for XFP transceivers
Two slots for stacking transceivers
NETWORK INTERFACE
Ports 1-24/48: RJ-45 connector, auto MDI/MDI-X
10BASE-T: RJ-45 (100-ohm, UTP cable; Category 3 or better)
100BASE-TX: RJ-45 (100-ohm, UTP cable; Category 5 or better)
1000BASE-T: RJ-45 (100-ohm, UTP or STP cable; Category 5, 5e or 6)
*Maximum Cable Length - 100 m (328 ft)
Ports 25-28: RJ-45/SFP shared ports
1000BASE-T: RJ-45 (100-ohm, UTP or STP cable; Category 5, 5e or 6)
*Maximum Cable Length - 100 m (328 ft)
Gigabit fiber transmission: SFP transceiver slots
*The maximum length for fiber optic cable operating at Gigabit speed will
depend on the fiber type as listed under “1000 Mbps Gigabit Ethernet
Collision Domain” on page 64.
BUFFER ARCHITECTURE
ECS4610-26T: 2 Mbytes
ECS4610-50T: 2 Mbytes
– 77 –
CHAPTER C | Specifications
Physical Characteristics
AGGREGATE BANDWIDTH
ECS4610-26T: 88 Gbps
ECS4610-50T: 136 Gbps
SWITCHING DATABASE
16K MAC address entries, 1024 static MAC addresses;
8K IPv4 and 4K IPv6 entries in host table, 4K ARP entries,
12K IPv4 or 6K IPv6 entries in the IP routing table,
64 static IP routes, 32 IP interfaces; 255 multicast groups
LEDS
System: Stack Master, Stack Link, Module, Power, Diag, RPS
Port: Status (link, speed, activity)
WEIGHT
ECS4610-26T: 5.7 kg (12.6 lbs)
ECS4610-50T: 6.1 kg (13.4 lbs)
SIZE
44.0 x 41.5 x 4.4 cm (17.3 x 16.3 x 1.7 in.)
TEMPERATURE
Operating: 0 to 50 °C (32 to 122 °F)
Storage: -40 to 70 °C (-40 to 158 °F)
HUMIDITY
Operating: 5% to 95% (non-condensing)
AC INPUT
100 to 240 V, 50-60 Hz, 2A
– 78 –
CHAPTER C
POWER SUPPLY
Internal, auto-ranging transformer: 100 to 240 VAC, 47 to 63 Hz
External, supports connection for redundant power supply
POWER CONSUMPTION
ECS4610-26T: 66 Watts (without expansion modules)
80 Watts (with two expansion modules)
ECS4610-50T: 100 Watts (without expansion modules)
130 Watts (with two expansion modules)
MAXIMUM CURRENT
ECS4610-26T: 1 A @ 110 VAC (without expansion modules)
1.1 A @ 110 VAC (with two expansion modules)
0.38 A @ 240 VAC (without expansion modules)
0.44 A @ 240 VAC (with two expansion modules)
ECS4610-50T: 1.6 A @ 110 VAC (without expansion modules)
1.8 A @ 110 VAC (with two expansion modules)
0.66 A @ 240 VAC (without expansion modules)
0.72 A @ 240 VAC (with two expansion modules)
SWITCH FEATURES
FORWARDING MODE
Store-and-forward
THROUGHPUT
Wire speed
FLOW CONTROL
Full-duplex: IEEE 802.3x
Half-duplex: Back pressure
– 79 –
| Specifications
Switch Features
CHAPTER C | Specifications
Management Features
MANAGEMENT FEATURES
IN-BAND MANAGEMENT
SSH, Telnet, SNMP, or HTTP
OUT-OF-BAND MANAGEMENT
RS-232 DB-9 console port
SOFTWARE LOADING
TFTP in-band, or XModem out-of-band
STANDARDS
IEEE 802.3-2005
Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet
Full-duplex flow control
IEEE 802.3ae 10 Gigabit Ethernet
IEEE 802.1D Spanning Tree Protocol
IEEE 802.1w Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol
IEEE 802.1s Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol
IEEE 802.1Q Virtual LAN
ISO/IEC 8802-3 CSMA/CD
– 80 –
CHAPTER C
COMPLIANCES
CE MARK
EMISSIONS
FCC Class A
Industry Canada Class A
EN55022 (CISPR 22) Class A
EN 61000-3-2/3
VCCI Class A
C-Tick - AS/NZS 3548 (1995) Class A
IMMUNITY
EN 61000-4-2/3/4/5/6/8/11
SAFETY
UL 60950-1 & CSA 60950-1
IEC 60950-1 & EN 60950-1
10GBASE EXTENDER MODULE (XFP)
PORTS
1 slot for 10GBASE XFP transceiver
COMMUNICATION
10 Gbps
SPEED
COMMUNICATION MODE
Full duplex
– 81 –
| Specifications
Compliances
CHAPTER C | Specifications
10GBASE Extender Module (XFP)
NETWORK INTERFACE
XFP slot
STANDARDS
IEEE 802.3ae 10 Gigabit Ethernet
– 82 –
GLOSSARY
10BASE-T
IEEE 802.3 specification for 10 Mbps Ethernet over two pairs of Category 3, 4, or
5 UTP cable.
100BASE-TX
IEEE 802.3u specification for 100 Mbps Ethernet over two pairs of Category 5
UTP cable.
1000BASE-LH
Specification for long-haul Gigabit Ethernet over two strands of 9/125 micron
core fiber cable.
1000BASE-LX
IEEE 802.3z specification for Gigabit Ethernet over two strands of 50/125, 62.5/
125 or 9/125 micron core fiber cable.
1000BASE-SX
IEEE 802.3z specification for Gigabit Ethernet over two strands of 50/125 or
62.5/125 micron core fiber cable.
1000BASE-T
IEEE 802.3ab specification for Gigabit Ethernet over 100-ohm Category 5, 5e or
6 twisted-pair cable (using all four wire pairs).
10GBASE-ER
IEEE 802.3ae specification for 10 Gigabit Ethernet over two strands of 9/125
micron core single-mode fiber cable.
– 83 –
GLOSSARY
10GBASE-LR
IEEE 802.3ae specification for 10 Gigabit Ethernet over two strands of 9/125
micron core single-mode fiber cable.
10GBASE-SR
IEEE 802.3ae specification for 10 Gigabit Ethernet over two strands of 62.5/125
micron core multimode fiber cable.
10 GIGABIT ETHERNET
A 10 Gbps network communication system based on Ethernet.
AUTO-NEGOTIATION
Signalling method allowing each node to select its optimum operational mode
(e.g., speed and duplex mode) based on the capabilities of the node to which it
is connected.
BANDWIDTH
The difference between the highest and lowest frequencies available for network
signals. Also synonymous with wire speed, the actual speed of the data
transmission along the cable.
COLLISION DOMAIN
Single CSMA/CD LAN segment.
CSMA/CD
CSMA/CD (Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detect) is the communication
method employed by Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, and Gigabit Ethernet.
END STATION
A workstation, server, or other device that does not forward traffic.
– 84 –
GLOSSARY
ETHERNET
A network communication system developed and standardized by DEC, Intel,
and Xerox, using baseband transmission, CSMA/CD access, logical bus topology,
and coaxial cable. The successor IEEE 802.3 standard provides for integration
into the OSI model and extends the physical layer and media with repeaters and
implementations that operate on fiber, thin coax and twisted-pair cable.
FAST ETHERNET
A 100 Mbps network communication system based on Ethernet and the CSMA/
CD access method.
FULL-DUPLEX
Transmission method that allows two network devices to transmit and receive
concurrently, effectively doubling the bandwidth of that link.
GIGABIT ETHERNET
A 1000 Mbps network communication system based on Ethernet and the CSMA/
CD access method.
IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers.
IEEE 802.3
Defines carrier sense multiple access with collision detection (CSMA/CD) access
method and physical layer specifications.
IEEE 802.3AB
Defines CSMA/CD access method and physical layer specifications for
1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet. (Now incorporated in IEEE 802.3-2005.)
IEEE 802.3AE
Defines the physical layer specifications for 10 Gigabit Ethernet.
– 85 –
GLOSSARY
IEEE 802.3U
Defines CSMA/CD access method and physical layer specifications for 100BASETX Fast Ethernet. (Now incorporated in IEEE 802.3-2005.)
IEEE 802.3Z
Defines CSMA/CD access method and physical layer specifications for 1000BASE
Gigabit Ethernet. (Now incorporated in IEEE 802.3-2005.)
LAN SEGMENT
Separate LAN or collision domain.
LED
Light emitting diode used for monitoring a device or network condition.
LOCAL AREA NETWORK (LAN)
A group of interconnected computer and support devices.
MEDIA ACCESS CONTROL (MAC)
A portion of the networking protocol that governs access to the transmission
medium, facilitating the exchange of data between network nodes.
MIB
An acronym for Management Information Base. It is a set of database objects
that contains information about the device.
MODAL BANDWIDTH
Bandwidth for multimode fiber is referred to as modal bandwidth because it
varies with the modal field (or core diameter) of the fiber. Modal bandwidth is
specified in units of MHz per km, which indicates the amount of bandwidth
supported by the fiber for a one km distance.
– 86 –
GLOSSARY
NETWORK DIAMETER
Wire distance between two end stations in the same collision domain.
REDUNDANT POWER SUPPLY (RPS)
A backup power supply unit that automatically takes over in case the primary
power supply should fail.
RJ-45 CONNECTOR
A connector for twisted-pair wiring.
SWITCHED PORTS
Ports that are on separate collision domains or LAN segments.
TIA
Telecommunications Industry Association
TRANSMISSION CONTROL PROTOCOL/INTERNET PROTOCOL (TCP/IP)
Protocol suite that includes TCP as the primary transport protocol, and IP as the
network layer protocol.
UTP
Unshielded twisted-pair cable.
VIRTUAL LAN (VLAN)
A Virtual LAN is a collection of network nodes that share the same collision
domain regardless of their physical location or connection point in the network.
A VLAN serves as a logical workgroup with no physical barriers, allowing users to
share information and resources as though located on the same LAN.
– 87 –
GLOSSARY
– 88 –
INDEX
NUMERICS
D
10 Gbps connectivity rules 63
10 Mbps connectivity rules 65
100 Mbps connectivity rules 65
1000 Mbps connectivity rules 64
1000BASE-LH fiber cable Lengths 64
1000BASE-LX fiber cable Lengths 64
1000BASE-SX fiber cable Lengths 63 64
1000BASE-T
pin assignments 74
100BASE-TX, cable lengths 65
10BASE-T, cable lengths 65
desktop mounting
,
A
adhesive feet, attaching 46
applications
central wiring closet 35
collapsed backbone 34
Layer 3 routing 38
remote connections with fiber
VLAN connections 37
46
E
electrical interference, avoiding 41
equipment checklist 43
Ethernet connectivity rules 63 65
,
F
Fast Ethernet connectivity rules
features 80
management 31
switch 30
front panel of switch 24
65
G
36
Gigabit Ethernet cable lengths
grounding for racks 44
B
64
I
brackets, attaching
buffer size 77
45
C
cable
Ethernet cable compatibility 42
fiber standards 75
labeling and connection records 65
lengths 63 65
cleaning fiber terminators 59 61
compliances
EMC 81
safety 81
connectivity rules
10 Gbps 63
10 Mbps 65
100 Mbps 65
1000 Mbps 64
console port, pin assignments 52
contents of package 43
cooling problems 69
cord sets, international 51
,
,
IEEE 802.3 Ethernet 30
IEEE 802.3ae 10 Gigabit Ethernet 30
IEEE 802.3u Fast Ethernet 30
IEEE 802.3z Gigabit Ethernet 30
indicators, LED 26
installation
connecting devices to the switch 56
desktop or shelf mounting 46
network wiring connections 57
port connections 55 58
power requirements 41
problems 69
rack mounting 44
site requirements 41
,
L
,
laser safety 59 61
LC port connections 58 61
– 89 –
,
INDEX
LED indicators
DIAG 27
Module 28
PWR 27
Stack ID 28
Stack Link 28
Stack Master 27
location requirements 41
specifications
compliances 81
environmental 78
power 79
standards
compliance 81
IEEE 80
status LEDs 26
switch architecture 24
M
management
agent 25
features 31 80
SNMP 25
mounting the switch
in a rack 44
on a desktop or shelf
T
Telnet 69
temperature within a rack 44
troubleshooting
in-band access 69
power and cooling problems
twisted-pair connections 55
,
46
N
V
network
connections 55 58
examples 34
VLANs
routing 38
VLANS, tagging 37
,
O
47
optional modules, installation
P
package contents 43
pin assignments 71
1000BASE-T 74
10BASE-T/100BASE-TX 72
console port 52
ports, connecting to 55 58
power, connecting to 51
,
R
rack mounting 44
rear panel of switch 24
RJ-45 port
connections 55
pinouts 74
rubber foot pads, attaching
46
S
screws for rack mounting 43
SFP transceiver slots 25
site selelction 41
SNMP agent 25
– 90 –
69
ECS4610-26T
ECS4610-50T
E052010-MW-R01
150200000149A