Comtrend Corporation CT-5071T User`s manual

CT-5071T
ADSL2+ Ethernet Router
User’s Manual
Version A3.1, May 15, 2007
261063-010
Warning
Before servicing or disassembling this equipment, always disconnect all
power and telephone lines from the device.
Use an appropriate power supply and a UL Listed telephone line cord.
Specification of the power supply is clearly stated in Appendix C Specifications.
Preface
This manual provides information to network administrators. It covers the
installation, operation and applications of the ADSL2+ Ethernet router.
The reader reading this manual is presumed to have a basic understanding of
telecommunications.
For product update, new product release, manual revision,
software upgrade, technical support, etc., visit Comtrend Corporation at
http://www.comtrend.com
This document is subject to change without notice.
Recycling For The Environment
Never throw your electronic equipment out with household waste. Ask for
information from your town council on how to correctly dispose of it, so that it does
not damage the environment. Always respect the current legislation regarding
waste disposal.
Persons who do not comply are subject to the sanctions and penalties set down in
law.
The cardboard box, the plastic contained in the packaging, and the parts that make
up the device can be recycled in accordance with regionally established regulations.
The symbol of the container with the cross, which is found on the
device means that when the equipment has reached the end of its
working life, it must be taken to the recycling centres provided, and
that its processing must be separate from that of domestic waste.
1
Copyright
Copyright© 2007 Comtrend Corporation.
All rights reserved. The information and
messages contained herein are proprietary to Comtrend Corporation.
No part of
this document may be translated, transcribed, reproduced, in any form, or by any
means without prior written permission by Comtrend Corporation.
Technical support
When you find the product out of service, or that it doesn’t work properly, please
contact technical support engineer for immediate servicing or email to
INT-support@comtrend.com
2
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................6
1.1
FEATURES ..................................................................................................................................6
1.2
APPLICATION .............................................................................................................................7
1.3
FRONT PANEL LED INDICATORS................................................................................................8
CHAPTER 2
2.1
INSTALLATION ......................................................................................................10
HARDWARE INSTALLATION ......................................................................................................10
CHAPTER 3
LOGIN VIA THE WEB BROWSER ......................................................................12
3.1
IP ADDRESS .............................................................................................................................12
3.2
LOGIN PROCEDURE .................................................................................................................14
3.3
DEFAULT SETTINGS .................................................................................................................15
CHAPTER 4
QUICK SETUP.........................................................................................................16
4.1
WAN.......................................................................................................................................17
4.2
STATISTICS ..............................................................................................................................18
4.2.1
LAN Statistics..................................................................................................................19
4.2.2
WAN Statistics.................................................................................................................20
4.2.3
ATM statistics .................................................................................................................21
4.2.4
ADSL Statistics ...............................................................................................................23
4.2.5
Route...............................................................................................................................25
4.2.6
ARP.................................................................................................................................25
4.2.7
DHCP .............................................................................................................................26
CHAPTER 5
QUICK SETUP.........................................................................................................27
5.1
AUTO QUICK SETUP ................................................................................................................28
5.2
MANUAL QUICK SETUP ...........................................................................................................29
5.2.1
PPP over ATM (PPPoA) and PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE)............................................31
5.2.2
MAC Encapsulation Routing (MER) ..............................................................................36
5.2.3
IP Over ATM...................................................................................................................40
5.2.4
Bridging..........................................................................................................................44
CHAPTER 6
ADVANCED SETUP ................................................................................................46
6.1
WAN.......................................................................................................................................48
6.2
LAN........................................................................................................................................49
6.3
NAT ........................................................................................................................................51
6.3.1
Virtual Servers ................................................................................................................51
3
6.3.2
Port Triggering ...............................................................................................................53
6.3.3
DMZ Host .......................................................................................................................55
6.3.4
ALG ................................................................................................................................56
6.4
SECURITY ................................................................................................................................57
6.4.1
IP Filtering .....................................................................................................................57
6.4.2
Parental Control .............................................................................................................60
6.4.3
MAC Filtering ..................................................................................................................61
6.5
QUALITY OF SERVICE ..............................................................................................................63
6.6
ROUTING .................................................................................................................................66
6.6.1
Default Gateway .............................................................................................................66
6.6.2
Static Route.....................................................................................................................67
6.7
DNS ........................................................................................................................................68
6.7.1
DNS Server .....................................................................................................................68
6.7.2
Dynamic DNS .................................................................................................................69
6.8
DSL ........................................................................................................................................71
6.9
PORT MAPPING ........................................................................................................................72
6.10
CERTIFICATE ............................................................................................................................74
6.10.1
Local ...............................................................................................................................74
6.10.2
Trusted CA ......................................................................................................................76
CHAPTER 7
DIAGNOSTICS ........................................................................................................77
CHAPTER 8
MANAGEMENT ......................................................................................................79
8.1
SETTINGS ................................................................................................................................79
8.1.1
Configuration Backup.....................................................................................................80
8.1.2
Tools – Update Settings ..................................................................................................81
8.1.3
Restore Default ...............................................................................................................82
8.2
SYSTEM LOG ...........................................................................................................................84
8.3
TR-069 CLIENT .......................................................................................................................87
8.4
INTERNET TIME .......................................................................................................................89
8.5
ACCESS CONTROL ...................................................................................................................90
8.5.1
Services...........................................................................................................................91
8.5.2
Access IP Addresses........................................................................................................92
8.5.3
Passwords .......................................................................................................................93
8.6
UPDATE SOFTWARE..................................................................................................................94
8.7
SAVE AND REBOOT ..................................................................................................................95
APPENDIX A: FIREWALL ................................................................................................................96
APPENDIX B: PIN ASSIGNMENTS...............................................................................................102
4
APPENDIX C: SPECIFICATIONS..................................................................................................103
APPENDIX D: SSH CLIENT ...........................................................................................................105
5
Chapter 1 Introduction
The CT-5071T ADSL2+ compact and high performance Ethernet router provides one
10/100 Ethernet Interface and offers ADSL connectivity at speeds of up to 24 Mbps.
It also has full routing capabilities to segment/route IP protocol, and supports
advanced security functions.
1.1
Features
•
Supports TR-069
•
TR-068 compliant
•
IP filtering
•
SPI (Stateful Packet Inspection)
•
DoS protection
•
Static route/RIP/RIP v2 routing functions
•
Dynamic IP assignment
•
NAT/PAT
•
IGMP proxy
•
DHCP server/relay/client
•
DNS proxy
•
Auto PVC configuration
•
Up to 8 VCs
•
Web-based management
•
Remote configuration and upgrade
•
Configuration backup and restoration
•
FTP/TFTP server
•
Embedded SNMP agent
•
IP/MAC address filtering
6
1.2
Application
The following diagram depicts the application of the CT-5071T.
7
1.3 Front Panel LED Indicators
The front panel LEDs are shown in the picture here, followed by an explanation in
the table below.
LED
Color
Mode
Function
POWER
Green
On
The router is powered up.
Off
The router is powered down.
On
The ADSL link is established.
Off
The ADSL link is not established.
Green
Blink
The ADSL link is training.
Green
On
IP connected and no traffic detected.
Off
Modem power off, modem in bridged mode or
Green
ADSL LINK
INTERNET
ADSL connection not present.
Green
Blink
IP connected and IP Traffic is passing thru the
device (either direction)
8
Device attempted to become IP connected and
failed (no DHCP response, no PPPoE response,
PPPoE authentication failed, no IP address from
IPCP, etc.)
For bridged mode, the indicator light is off.
Red
On
If the IP or PPPoE session is dropped due to an idle
timeout, the light will remain green if an ADSL
connection is still present. If the session is
dropped for any other reason, the light is turned
off. The light will turn red when it attempts to
reconnect and DHCP or PPPoE fails.
Green
LAN LINK
Green
On
An Ethernet Link is established.
Off
An Ethernet Link is not established.
Blink
Data transmitting or receiving over LAN.
9
Chapter 2 Installation
2.1 Hardware Installation
In the rear panel, there is a reset button. It is used to load the factory default
settings.
Hold down the button until the LED’s start blinking simultaneously
(about 5 seconds). After the device has booted successfully, the factory default
settings are retrieved.
Power Switch
Reset button
Follow the instructions below to complete the hardware connections.
Connection to LINE port
If you wish to connect both the router and a telephone, connect the LINE port to a
POTS splitter with a RJ11 connection cable.
Connection to LAN port
To connect to a hub or PC, use a RJ45 cable. You can connect the router to one LAN
device.
The ports are auto-sensing MDI/X and either straight-through cable or
crossover cable can be used.
Connection to Power
10
Connect the Power jack to the shipped power cord.
Attach the power adapter to
the wall outlet or other AC source.
After all connections have been made, push the power switch in, to the on position.
After powering on, the router performs a self-test. Wait for a few seconds until the
test is finished, then the router will be ready to operate.
Caution 1: If the router fails to power up, or it malfunctions, first verify that the
power supply is connected correctly.
Then power it on again.
If the
problem persists, contact our technical support engineers.
Caution 2: Before servicing this equipment always disconnect all power cords and
telephone lines from the wall outlet.
11
Chapter 3 Login via the Web Browser
This section describes how to manage the router via a Web browser via the remote
end. You can use a web browser such as Microsoft Internet Explorer, or Netscape
Navigator. (The Web page is best viewed with Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.0 and
later): A unique default user account is assigned with user name root and password
12345.
The user can change the default password later when logged in to the
device.
3.1
IP Address
The default IP address of the CT-5071T (LAN port) is 192.168.1.1. To configure the
CT-5071T for the first time, the configuration PC must have a static IP address
within the 192.168.1.x subnet. Follow the steps below to configure your PC IP
address to use subnet 192.168.1.x.
STEP 1: Right click on the Local Area Connection under the Network and Dial-Up
connection window and select Properties.
STEP 2: Enter the TCP/IP screen and change the IP address to the domain of
192.168.1.x/24.
Note that the router’s default IP address is 192.168.1.1 and the default private
address range provided by the ISP server in the router is 192.168.1.2 through
192.168.1.254.
12
STEP 3: Click OK to submit the settings.
STEP 4: Start your Internet browser and type the IP address for the router
(192.168.1.1) in the Web address bar.
13
3.2
Login Procedure
Perform the following steps to bring up the Web user interface and configure the
CT-5071T. To log on to the system from the Web browser, follow the steps below:
STEP 1: Start your Internet browser. Type the IP address for the router in the Web
address field.
For example, if the IP address is 192.168.1.1, type
http://192.168.1.1
STEP 2: You will be prompted to enter your user name and password. Type root in
the user name and 12345 in the password field, and click OK.
These
values can be changed later in the Web User Interface by selecting the
Management link.
STEP 3: After successfully logging in, you will reach the Quick Setup menu.
14
3.3
Default Settings
During power on initialization, the CT-5071T initializes all configuration attributes to
default values.
It will then read the configuration profile from the Permanent
Storage section on the flash memory. The default attributes are overridden when
identical attributes with different values are configured.
The configuration profile
in Permanent Storage can be created via the Web user interface or telnet user
interface, or other management protocols. The factory default configuration can be
restored either by pushing the reset button for more than five seconds, or by
clicking the Restore Default Configuration option in the Restore Settings screen.
The following default settings are present when setting up the router for the first
time.
The PC running the browser can be attached to the Ethernet.
LAN port IP address: 192.168.1.1
Local administrator account name: root
Local administrator account password: 12345
Local non- administrator account name: user
Local non- administrator account password: user
Remote WAN access: disabled
Remote WAN access account name: support
Remote WAN access account password: support
NAT and firewall: disabled
DHCP server on LAN interface: enable
WAN IP address: none
15
Chapter 4 Quick Setup
After login, the Quick Setup screen appears as shown.
Note: The selections available on the left side of menu are based upon the
configured connection.
Shown here is the Device Info screen for your reference.
16
4.1
WAN
Click Device Info on the menu bar to display the WAN option. Then, click WAN on
the Device Info menu bar to display the configured PVC(s) and the status.
VPI/VCI
Shows the values of the ATM VPI/VCI
Con. ID
Shows the connection ID
Category
Shows the ATM service classes
Service
Shows the name for WAN connection
Interface
Shows connection interface
Protocol
Shows the connection type, such as PPPoE, PPPoA, etc.
IGMP
Shows the state of the IGMP function
QoS
Shows if IP QoS is enabled or disabled
State
Shows the connection state of the WAN connection
Status
Lists the status of DSL link
IP Address
Shows IP address for WAN interface
17
4.2
Statistics
Selection of the Statistics screen provides statistics for the Network Interface of LAN,
WAN, ATM and ADSL.
All statistics screens are updated every 15 seconds.
Note: This device does not support a USB interface.
18
4.2.1
LAN Statistics
The Network Statistics screen shows interface statistics for ATM AAL5 interface, and
Ethernet interface. (The Network Statistics screen shows the interface statistics for
the LAN interface. Here provides byte transfer, packet transfer, Error and Drop
statistics for the LAN interface.)
Note: This device does not support a USB interface.
19
4.2.2
WAN Statistics
Service
Shows the service type
VPI/VCI
Shows the values of the ATM VPI/VCI
Protocol
Shows the connection type, such as PPPoE,
PPPoA, etc.
Interface
Received/Transmitted
Shows connection interface
-
Bytes
Rx/TX (receive/transmit) packet in Bytes
-
Pkts
Rx/TX (receive/transmit) packets
-
Errs
Rx/TX (receive/transmit) the errored packets
-
Drops
Rx/TX (receive/transmit) dropped packets
20
4.2.3
ATM statistics
The following figure shows the ATM statistics screen.
ATM Interface Statistics
Field
Description
In Octets
Number of octets received over the interface
Out Octets
Number of octets transmitted over the interface
In Errors
Number of cells dropped due to uncorrectable HEC errors
In Unknown
Number of received cells discarded during cell header validation,
including cells with unrecognized VPI/VCI values, and cells with
invalid cell header patterns.
If cells with undefined PTI values
are discarded, they are also counted here.
In Hec Errors
Number of cells received with an ATM Cell Header HEC error
In Invalid Vpi Vci Number of cells received with an unregistered VCC address.
Errors
In Port Not
Number of cells received on a port that has not been enabled.
Enabled Errors
In PTI Errors
Number of cells received with an ATM header Payload Type
Indicator (PTI) error
In Idle Cells
Number of idle cells received
In Circuit Type
Number of cells received with an illegal circuit type
Errors
In Oam RM CRC Number of OAM and RM cells received with CRC errors
Errors
In GFC Errors
Number of cells received with a non-zero GFC.
21
ATM AAL5 Layer Statistics over ADSL interface
Field
Description
In Octets
Number of received AAL5/AAL0 CPCS PDU octets
Out Octets
Number of received AAL5/AAL0 CPCS PDUs octets transmitted
In Ucast Pkts
Number of received AAL5/AAL0 CPCS PDUs passed to a
higher-layer for transmission
Out Ucast Pkts
Number of received AAL5/AAL0 CPCS PDUs received from a
higher layer for transmission
In Errors
Number of received AAL5/AAL0 CPCS PDUs received in error.
The types of errors counted include CRC-32 errors.
Out Errors
Number of received AAL5/AAL0 CPCS PDUs that could not be
transmitted due to errors.
In Discards
Number of received AAL5/AAL0 CPCS PDUs discarded due to
an input buffer overflow condition.
Out Discards
This field is not currently used
ATM AAL5 LAYER STATISTICS FOR EACH VCC OVER ADSL INTERFACE
Field
Description
CRC Errors
Number of PDUs received with CRC-32 errors
SAR TimeOuts
Number of partially re-assembled PDUs which were discarded
because they were not fully re-assembled within the required
period of time.
If the re-assembly time is not supported
then, this object contains a zero value.
Over Sized SDUs
Number of PDUs discarded because the corresponding SDU
was too large
Short Packets Errors Number of PDUs discarded because the PDU length was less
than the size of the AAL5 trailer
Length Errors
Number of PDUs discarded because the PDU length did not
match the length in the AAL5 trailer
22
4.2.4
ADSL Statistics
The following figure shows the ADSL Network Statistics screen.
Within the ADSL
Statistics window, a bit Error Rate Test can be started using the ADSL BER Test
button.
The Reset button resets the statistics.
23
Field
Mode
Description
Line Coding format, that can be selected G.dmt, G.lite,
T1.413, ADSL2, ADSL2+, AnnexL, AnnexM
Type
Channel type Interleave or Fast
Line Coding
Trellis On/Off
Status
Lists the status of the DSL link
Link Power State
Link output power state.
SNR Margin (dB)
Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) margin
Attenuation (dB)
Estimate of average loop attenuation in the downstream
direction.
Output Power (dBm)
Total upstream output power
Attainable Rate (Kbps)
The sync rate you would obtain.
Rate (Kbps)
Current sync rate.
Super Frames
Total number of super frames
Super Frame Errors
Number of super frames received with errors
RS Words
Total number of Reed-Solomon code errors
RS Correctable Errors
Total Number of RS with correctable errors
RS Uncorrectable Errors
Total Number of RS words with uncorrectable errors
HEC Errors
Total Number of Header Error Checksum errors
OCD Errors
Total Number of out-of-cell Delineation errors
LCD Errors
Total number of Loss of Cell Delineation
Total ES:
Total Number of Errored Seconds
Total SES:
Total Number of Severely Errored Seconds
Total UAS:
Total Number of Unavailable Seconds
24
4.2.5
Route
Choose Route to display the routes that the route information has learned.
4.2.6
ARP
Click ARP to display the ARP information.
25
4.2.7
DHCP
Click DHCP to display the DHCP information.
26
Chapter 5 Quick Setup
The Quick Setup allows the user to configure the ADSL router for DSL connectivity
and Internet access.
It also guides the user though the WAN network setup first
and then the LAN interface setup. You can either manually customize the router or
follow the online instruction to set up the router.
The CT-5071T ADSL router supports the following five network operating modes
over an ATM PVC WAN interface.
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE)
PPP over ATM (PPPoA)
MAC Encapsulated Routing (MER)
IP over ATM (IPoA)
Bridging
The following configuration considerations apply:
The WAN network operating mode operation depends on the service provider’s
configuration on the Central Office side and Broadband Access Server for the
PVC
If the service provider provides PPPoE service, then the connection selection
depends on whether the LAN-side device (typically a PC) is running a PPPoE
client or whether the CT-5071T is to run the PPPoE client.
The CT-5071T can
support both cases simultaneously.
If some or none of the LAN-side devices do not run PPPoE client, then select
PPPoE. If every LAN-side device is running a PPPoE client, then select Bridge
In PPPoE mode, CT-5071T also supports pass-through PPPoE sessions from the
LAN side while simultaneously running a PPPoE client for non-PPPoE LAN
devices. NAT and firewall are always enabled when PPPoE mode is selected, but
they can be enabled or disabled by the user when MER or IPoA is selected, NAT
and firewall are always disabled when Bridge mode is selected.
Depending on the network operating mode, and whether NAPT and firewall are
enabled or disabled, the main panel will display or hide the NAPT/Firewall menu.
For instance, at initial setup, the default network operating mode is Bridge.
The main panel will not show the NAPT and Firewall menu.
27
Note: Up to eight PVC profiles can be configured and saved on the flash memory. To
activate a particular PVC profile, you need to navigate all the Quick Setup pages
until the last summary page, then click on the Finish button and reboot the system.
5.1
Auto Quick Setup
The auto quick setup requires the ADSL link to be up.
automatically detect the PVC.
The ADSL router will
You only need to follow the online instructions that
you are prompted.
1. Select Quick Setup to display the DSL Quick Setup screen.
2. Click Next to start the setup process. Follow the online instructions to complete
the setting.
This procedure will skip some processes like PVC index, or
encapsulation.
3. After the settings are complete, you can use the ADSL service.
28
5.2
Manual Quick Setup
STEP 1: Click Quick Setup and un-tick the DSL Auto-connect checkbox to enable
manual configuration of the connection type.
Un-tick this checkbox to enable manual setup and display
the following screen.
STEP 2: Enter the Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) and Virtual Channel Identifier (VCI).
Select Enable Quality Of Service if required. Click Next.
29
STEP 3: Choosing different connection types pops up different settings requests.
Enter appropriate settings that are requested by your service provider. The
following descriptions state each connection type setup separately. Select
Enable 802.1q (by ticking the box) if required, and input a number for the
VLAN ID. Click on “Next” to go to next step.
30
5.2.1 PPP over ATM (PPPoA) and PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE)
1. Select the PPP over ATM (PPPoA) or PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) radio
button and click Next.
The following screen appears:
PPP USERNAME/PPP PASSWORD/ PPPOE SERVICE NAME:
The PPP Username, PPP password and the PPPoE Service Name entries are
dependent on the particular requirements of the ISP or the ADSL service provider.
The WEB user interface allows a maximum of 256 characters in the PPP user name
and a maximum of 32 characters in PPP password.
Encapsulation Mode
Choosing different connection types provides different encapsulation modes.
PPPoA- VC/MUX, LLC/ENCAPSULATION
PPPoE- LLC/SNAP BRIDGING, VC/MUX
MER- LLC/SNAP-BRIDGING, VC/MUX
IPoA- LLC/SNAP-ROUTING, VC MUX
Bridging- LLC/SNAP-BRIDGING, VC/MUX
31
Disconnect if no activity
The CT-5071T can be configured to disconnect if there is no activity for a period of
time by selecting the Dial on demand check box. When the checkbox is ticked, you
need to enter the inactivity timeout period.
The timeout period ranges from 1
minute to 4320 minutes.
PPP IP Extension
The PPP IP Extension is a special feature deployed by some service providers.
Unless your service provider specially requires this setup, do not select it.
The PPP IP Extension supports the following conditions:
Allows only one PC on the LAN
The public IP address assigned by the remote side using the PPP/IPCP protocol
is actually not used on the WAN PPP interface. Instead, it is forwarded to the
PC’s LAN interface through DHCP. Only one PC on the LAN can be connected to
the remote, since the DHCP server within the ADSL router has a single IP
address to assign to a LAN device.
NAPT and firewall are disabled when this option is selected.
The ADSL router becomes the default gateway and DNS server to the PC
through DHCP using the LAN interface IP address.
The ADSL router extends the IP subnet at the remote service provider to the
LAN PC.
That is, the PC becomes a host belonging to the same IP subnet.
The ADSL router bridges the IP packets between WAN and LAN ports, unless
the packet is addressed to the router’s LAN IP address.
Use Static IP Address
Unless your service provider specially requires this setup, do not select it.
If selected, enter your static IP address.
Enable PPP Debug Mode
Enable the PPPoE debug mode. The system will put more PPP connection
information in System Log. But this is for debug, please don't enable in normal
usage.
32
2. Click Next to display the following screen.
Enable IGMP Multicast checkbox: Tick the checkbox to enable IGMP multicast
(proxy). IGMP (Internet Group Membership Protocol) is a protocol used by IP hosts
to report their multicast group memberships to any immediately neighboring
multicast routers.
Enable WAN Service checkbox: Tick this item to enable the ATM service.
Untick
it to stop the ATM service.
Service Name: This is user-defined.
3. After entering your settings, select Next.
The following screen appears. This
page allows the user to configure the LAN interface IP address, subnet mask and
DHCP server.
If the user would like this ADSL router to assign dynamic IP address,
DNS server and default gateways to other LAN devices, select the button Enable
DHCP server on the LAN to enter the starting IP address and end IP address and
DHCP leased time.
33
The Device Setup page allows the user to configure the LAN interface IP address and
DHCP server.
If the user would like this ADSL router to assign dynamic IP
addresses, DNS server and default gateway to other LAN devices, select the radio
box Enable DHCP server on the LAN to enter the starting IP address and end IP
address and DHCP lease time.
This configures the router to automatically assign IP
addresses, default gateway address and DNS server addresses to each of your PCs.
Note that the router’s default IP address is 192.168.1.1 and the default private
address range provided by the ISP server in the router is 192.168.1.2 through
192.168.1.254.
To configure a secondary IP address for the LAN port, click the box as shown below.
34
4. Click Next to display the WAN Setup-Summary screen that presents the entire
configuration summary.
Click Save/Reboot if the settings are correct.
Click
Back if you wish to modify the settings.
5. After clicking Save/Reboot, the router will save the configuration to the flash
memory, and reboot.
again.
The Web UI will not respond until the system is brought up
After the system is up, the Web UI will refresh to the Device Info page
automatically.
The CT-5071T is ready for operation and the LEDs display as
described in the LED description tables.
35
5.2.2 MAC Encapsulation Routing (MER)
To configure MER, do the following.
1. Select Quick Setup and click Next.
2. Enter the PVC Index provided by the ISP and click Next.
3. Select the MAC Encapsulation Routing (MER) radio button, and click Next. The
following screen appears.
Enter information provided to you by your ISP to configure the WAN IP settings.
Notice: DHCP can be enabled for PVC in MER mode if Obtain an IP address
automatically is chosen.
Changing the default gateway or the DNS effects the
whole system. Configuring them with static values will disable the automatic
assignment from DHCP or other WAN connection.
If you configure static default gateway over this PVC in MER mode, you must enter
the IP address of the remote gateway in the "Use IP address". The "Use WAN
interface" is optional.
The ISP should provide the values that must be entered in the entry fields.
36
4. Click Next to display the following screen.
Enable NAT checkbox: If the LAN is configured with a private IP address, the user
should select this checkbox.
The NAT submenu on the left side main panel will be
displayed after reboot. The user can then configure NAT-related features after the
system comes up. If a private IP address is not used on the LAN side, this checkbox
should be de-selected to free up system resources for better performance.
When
the system comes back after reboot, the NAT submenu will not be displayed on the
left main panel. The default setting for Mer is disabled.
Enable Firewall checkbox: If the firewall checkbox is selected, the Security
submenu on the left side main panel will be displayed after system reboot.
user can then configure firewall features after the system comes up.
The
If firewall is
not used, this checkbox should be de-selected to free up system resources for better
performance.
When system comes back after reboot, the Security submenu will
not be displayed on the left main panel.
Enable IGMP Multicast: Tick the checkbox to enable IGMP multicast (proxy).
IGMP (Internet Group Membership Protocol) is a protocol used by IP hosts to report
their multicast group memberships to any immediately neighboring multicast
routers.
Enable WAN Service: Tick the checkbox to enable the WAN service. If this item
is not selected, you will not be able to use the WAN service.
Service Name: This is User-defined.
37
5. Upon completion, click Next.
The following screen appears.
The Device Setup page allows the user to configure the LAN interface IP address and
DHCP server.
If the user would like this ADSL router to assign dynamic IP
addresses, DNS server and default gateway to other LAN devices, select the radio
box Enable DHCP server on the LAN to enter the starting IP address and end IP
address and DHCP lease time.
This configures the router to automatically assign IP
addresses, default gateway address and DNS server addresses to each of your PCs.
Note that the router’s default IP address is 192.168.1.1 and the default private
address range provided by the ISP server in the router is 192.168.1.2 through
192.168.1.254.
Select Enable DHCP Server Relay (if required), and enter the DHCP Server IP
Address.
38
6.
After entering your settings, select Next to display the following screen. The
WAN Setup-Summary screen presents the entire configuration summary.
Save/Reboot if the settings are correct.
Click
Click Back if you wish to modify the
settings.
After clicking Save/Reboot, the router will save the configuration to the flash
memory, and reboot.
again.
The Web UI will not respond until the system is brought up
After the system is up, the Web UI will refresh to the Device Info page
automatically.
The CT-5071T is ready for operation and the LEDs display as
described in the LED description tables.
39
5.2.3 IP Over ATM
To configure IP Over ATM,
1. Select Quick Setup and click Next.
2. Enter the PVC Index and click Next.
3. Type the VPI and VCI values provided by the ISP and click Next.
4. Select the IP over ATM (IPoA) radio button and click Next. The following screen
appears.
Notice that DHCP is not supported over IPoA. The user must enter the IP address
or WAN interface for the default gateway setup, and the DNS server addresses
provided by the ISP.
5. Click Next.
The following screen appears.
40
Enable NAT checkbox
If the LAN is configured with a private IP address, the user should select this
checkbox.
reboot.
up.
The NAT submenu on the left side main panel will be displayed after
The user can then configure NAT-related features after the system comes
If a private IP address is not used on the LAN side (i.e. the LAN side is using a
public IP), this checkbox should be de-selected.
When the system comes back
after reboot, the NAT submenu will not be displayed on the left main panel.
Enable Firewall checkbox
If the firewall checkbox is selected, the Security submenu on the left side main panel
will be displayed after system reboot. The user can then configure firewall features
after the system comes up.
If firewall is not used, this checkbox should be
de-selected to free up system resources for better performance.
When system
comes back after reboot, the Security submenu will not be displayed on the left
main panel.
6.
Click Next to display the following screen. The Device Setup page allows the
user to configure the LAN interface IP address and DHCP server if the user would like
this ADSL router to assign dynamic IP addresses, DNS server and default gateway
to other LAN devices. Select the button Enable DHCP server on the LAN to enter the
starting IP address and end IP address and DHCP lease time.
41
The user must configure the IP Address and the Subnet Mask. To use the DHCP
service on the LAN, select the Enable DHCP server checkbox, and enter the Start
IP addresses, the End IP address and DHCP lease time.
This configures the router
to automatically assign IP addresses, default gateway address and DNS server
addresses to each of your PCs.
Note that the router’s default IP address is 192.168.1.1 and the default private
address range provided by ISP server in the router is 192.168.1.2 through
192.168.1.254.
Select Enable DHCP Server Relay (if required), and enter the DHCP Server IP
Address.
7. The WAN Setup-Summary screen presents the entire configuration summary.
Click Save/Reboot if the settings are correct. Click Back if you wish to modify the
settings.
42
After clicking Save/Reboot, the router will save the configuration to the flash
memory, and reboot.
again.
The Web UI will not respond until the system is brought up
After the system is up, the Web UI will refresh to the Device Info page
automatically.
The CT-5071T is ready for operation and the LEDs display as
described in the LED description tables.
43
5.2.4 Bridging
Select the bridging mode.
To configure Bridging, do the following.
1. Select Quick Setup and click Next.
2. Enter the PVC Index and click Next.
3. Type in the VPI and VCI values provided by the ISP and click Next.
4. Select the Bridging radio button and click Next. The following screen appears.
To use the bridge service, tick the checkbox, Enable Bridge Service, and enter
the service name.
5. Click the Next button to continue. Enter the IP address for the LAN interface.
The default IP address is 192.168.1.1. The LAN IP interface in bridge operating
mode is needed for local users to manage the ADSL router. Notice that there is
no IP address for the WAN interface in bridge mode, and the remote technical
support cannot access the ADSL router.
44
6. Click Next and the following screen will be displayed
The WAN Setup-Summary screen presents the entire configuration summary.
Click Save/Reboot if the settings are correct. Click Back if you wish to modify the
settings.
45
Chapter 6 Advanced Setup
This chapter explains: WAN, LAN, Routing, and DNS…...
Note: The options displayed in the menu bar depend on what WAN interface is set
up.
This screenshot is for PPPoE and PPPoA encapsulations.
This screenshot is for Mer and IPoA encapsulations.
46
This screenshot is for Bridge encapsulation.
47
6.1
WAN
VPI/VCI
ATM VPI (0-255) / VCI (32-65535)
Con. ID
ID for WAN connection
Category
ATM service category, e.g. UBR, CBR…
Service
Name of the WAN connection
Interface
Name of the interface for WAN
Protocol
Shows bridge or router mode
IGMP
Shows enable or disable IGMP proxy
QoS
Shows enable or disable QoS
VlanID
*
This function means one can add a 802.1Q
VLAN tag on PPPoE/MER or Bridge mode.
State
*
Shows enable or disable WAN connection
It means the packet sends to WAN and it will be added specific Vlan Id(802.1Q
tag) on Ethernet header. The VlanID shows to which 802.1Q tag will be added.
48
6.2
LAN
Configure the DSL Router IP Address and Subnet Mask for LAN interface. Save
button only saves the LAN configuration data. Save/Reboot button saves the LAN
configuration data and reboots the router to make the new configuration effective.
IP Address: Enter the IP address for the LAN port.
Subnet Mask: Enter the subnet mask for the LAN port.
Enable IGMP Snooping: Enable /Disable the function that is IGMP Snooping.
Standard Mode: In standard mode, as in all prior releases, multicast traffic will
flood to all bridge ports when there is no client subscribes to any multicast group –
even when IGMP snooping is enabled.
Blocking Mode: In blocking mode, the multicast data traffic will be blocked and not
flood to all bridge ports when there is no client subscription to any multicast group.
49
To configure a secondary IP address for the LAN port, click the box as shown below.
IP Address: Enter the secondary IP address for the LAN port.
Subnet Mask: Enter the secondary subnet mask for the LAN port.
50
6.3
NAT
To display the NAT function, you need to enable the NAT feature in the WAN Setup.
6.3.1
Virtual Servers
Virtual Server allows you to direct incoming traffic from WAN side (identified by
Protocol and External port) to the Internal server with private IP address on the LAN
side. The Internal port is required only if the external port needs to be converted to
a different port number used by the server on the LAN side. A maximum 32 entries
can be configured.
To add a Virtual Server, simply click the Add button. The following will be displayed.
51
Select a Service
User should select the service from the list.
Or
Or
Custom Server
User can enter the name of their choice.
Server IP Address
Enter the IP address for the server.
External Port Start
Enter the starting external port number (when you select
Custom Server). When a service is selected the port ranges
are automatically configured.
External Port End
Enter the ending external port number (when you select
Custom Server). When a service is selected the port ranges
are automatically configured.
Protocol
User can select from: TCP, TCP/UDP or UDP.
Internal Port Start
Enter the internal port starting number (when you select
Custom Server). When a service is selected the port ranges
are automatically configured
Internal Port End
Enter the internal port ending number (when you select
Custom Server). When a service is selected the port ranges
are automatically configured.
52
6.3.2
Port Triggering
Some applications require that specific ports in the Router's firewall be opened for
access by remote parties. Port Trigger dynamically opens up the 'Open Ports' in the
firewall when an application on the LAN initiates a TCP/UDP connection to a remote
party using the 'Triggering Ports'. The Router allows the remote party from the WAN
side to establish new connections back to the application on the LAN side using the
'Open Ports'. A maximum 32 entries can be configured.
To add a Trigger Port, simply click the Add button. The following will be displayed.
53
Select an Application
User should select the application from the list.
or Custom Application
or User can enter the name of their choice.
Trigger Port Start
Enter the starting trigger port number (when you select
custom application). When an application is selected the
port ranges are automatically configured.
Trigger Port End
Enter the ending trigger port number (when you select
custom application). When an application is selected the
port ranges are automatically configured.
Trigger Protocol
User can select from: TCP, TCP/UDP or UDP.
Open Port Start
Enter the starting open port number (when you select
custom application). When an application is selected the
port ranges are automatically configured.
Open Port End
Enter the ending open port number (when you select
custom application). When an application is selected the
port ranges are automatically configured.
Open Protocol
User can select from: TCP, TCP/UDP or UDP.
54
6.3.3
DMZ Host
The DSL router will forward IP packets from the WAN that do not belong to any of
the applications configured in the Virtual Servers table to the DMZ host computer.
Enter the computer's IP address and click "Apply" to activate the DMZ host.
Clear the IP address field and click "Apply" to deactivate the DMZ host.
55
6.3.4
ALG
SIP ALG is Application layer gateway. If the user has an IP phone(SIP) or VoIP
gateway(SIP) behind the ADSL router, the SIP ALG can help VoIP packet
passthrough the router (NAT enabled).
Note: SIP (Session Initiation Protocol, RFC3261) is the protocol of choice for most
VoIP (Voice over IP) phones to initiate communication. This ALG is only valid for SIP
protocol running on UDP port 5060.
56
6.4
Security
To display the Security function, you need to enable the firewall feature in the WAN
Setup.
6.4.1
IP Filtering
IP filtering allows you to create a filter rule to identify outgoing/incoming IP traffic
by specifying a new filter name and at least one condition below. All of the specified
conditions in this filter rule must be satisfied for the rule to take effect. Click
'Save/Apply' to save and activate the filter.
Outgoing
Note: The default setting for all Outgoing traffic is Accepted.
To add a filtering rule, simply click the Add button. The following screen will be
displayed.
57
Filter Name
Type a name for the filter rule.
Protocol
User can select from: TCP, TCP/UDP, UDP or
ICMP.
Source IP address
Enter source IP address.
Source Subnet Mask
Enter source subnet mask.
Source Port (port or port:port)
Enter source port number.
Destination IP address
Enter destination IP address.
Destination Subnet Mask
Enter destination subnet mask.
Destination port (port or port:port)
Enter destination port number.
58
Incoming
Note: The default setting for all Incoming traffic is Blocked.
To add a filtering rule, simply click the Add button. The following screen will be
displayed.
To configure the parameters, please reference Outgoing table above.
59
6.4.2
Parental Control
Parental control: allows parents, schools, and libraries to set access times for
Internet use.
To add a parental control, simply click the Add button. The following screen will be
displayed.
Username:
Input Internet access user name
MAC:
Set the MAC address to access the Internet
Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat, Sun:
Set which days that will have block
restrictions to Internet access
Start, Stop:
Set Internet block start and stop time
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6.4.3
MAC Filtering
Mac Filtering is only available when Bridging PVC is configured.
Each network device has a unique MAC address.
You can block or forward the
packets based on the MAC addresses. The MAC Filtering Setup screen allows
setting up the MAC filtering policy and the MAC filtering rules. MAC Filtering is only
effective on ATM PVCs configured in Bridge mode.
The policy FORWARDED means that all MAC layer frames will be FORWARDED
except those matching with any of the specified rules in the following table.
BLOCKED means that all MAC layer frames will be BLOCKED except those
matching with any of the specified rules in the following table.
The default is
FORWARD; you change by clicking the Change Policy button.
Choose Add or Remove to configure MAC filtering rules.
pops up when you click Add.
The following screen
Create a filter to identify the MAC layer frames by
specifying at least one condition below. If multiple conditions are specified, all of
them take effect. Click Apply to save and activate the filter.
61
Option
Description
Protocol type
PPPoE, IPv4, IPv6, AppleTalk, IPX, NetBEUI, IGMP
Destination MAC Address
Define the destination MAC address
Source MAC Address
Define the source MAC address
Frame Direction:
Select a direction of the frame
WAN Interface
Selects the interface that the MAC filter rule(s) will be
applied.
Only the WAN interface that is configured for
bridged can be selected.
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6.5
Quality of Service
To display the QoS function, you need to enable the QoS feature in the WAN Setup
(under Advanced Menu bar).
Choose Add to configure network traffic classes. The following screen will be
displayed:
63
Traffic Class Name
Enter name for traffic class.
Priority
Select Low, Medium or High.
IP Precedence
Select between 0-7. The lower the digit
shows the higher the priority.
IP Type Of Service
Select either: Normal Service, Minimize
Cost, Maximize Reliability, Maximize
Throughput, Minimize Delay
Physical LAN Port
User can select the ENET interface.
Protocol
User can select from: TCP, TCP/UDP, UDP or
ICMP.
Source IP Address
Enter the source IP address.
Source Subnet Mask
Enter the subnet mask for the source IP
address.
Source Port (port or port:port)
Enter source port number.
Destination IP address
Enter destination IP address.
Destination Subnet Mask
Enter destination subnet mask.
Destination port (port or port:port)
Enter destination port number.
802.1p Priority
Select between 0-7. The lower the digit
shows the higher the priority.
If the Enable Differentiated Service Configuration box is ticked (i.e. selected)
the following screen will be displayed:
64
The additional Items are explained here.
Assign Differentiated Services
The selected Code Point gives the
Code Point (DSCP) Mark
corresponding priority to the packets that
satisfies the rules set below.
Source MAC Address
A packet belongs to SET-1, if a binary-AND of
its source MAC address with the Source MAC
Mask is equal to the binary-AND of the
Source MAC Mask and this field.
Source MAC Mask
This is the mask used to decide how many
bits are checked in Source MAC Address.
Destination MAC Address
A packet belongs to SET-1 then the result
that the Destination MAC Address of its
header binary-AND to the Destination MAC
Mask must equal to the result that this field
binary-AND to the Destination MAC Mask.
Destination MAC Mask
This is the mask used to decide how many
bits are checked in Destination MAC Address.
65
6.6
Routing
The Routing dialog box allows you to configure Default gateway, Static Route and
RIP.
6.6.1
Default Gateway
If ‘Enable Automatic Assigned Default Gateway’ checkbox is selected, this
router will accept the first received default gateway assignment from one of the
PPPoA, PPPoE or MER/DHCP enabled PVC(s). If the checkbox is not selected, enter
the static default gateway AND/OR a WAN interface. Click 'Save/Apply' button to
save it.
NOTE: If changing the Automatic Assigned Default Gateway from unselected to
selected, You must reboot the router to get the automatic assigned default gateway.
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6.6.2
Static Route
Choose Static Route to display the Static Route screen. The Static Route screen
lists the configured static routes, and allows configuring static routes. Choose Add
or Remove to configure the static routes.
To add static route, click the Add button to display the following screen. Enter the
destination network address, subnet mask, gateway AND/OR available WAN
interface then click Save/Apply to add the entry to the routing table.
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6.7
DNS
6.7.1
DNS Server
If 'Enable Automatic Assigned DNS' checkbox is selected, this router will accept the
first received DNS assignment from one of the PPPoA, PPPoE or MER/DHCP enabled
PVC(s) during the connection establishment. If the checkbox is not selected, enter
the primary and optional secondary DNS server IP addresses. Click 'Save' button to
save the new configuration. You must reboot the router to make the new
configuration effective.
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6.7.2
Dynamic DNS
The Dynamic DNS service allows you to alias a dynamic IP address to a static
hostname in any of the many domains, allowing your DSL router to be more easily
accessed from various locations on the Internet.
To add a dynamic DNS service, simply click the Add button. The following screen will
be displayed:
69
D-DNS provider
Select a dynamic DNS provider from the list
Hostname
Enter the name for the dynamic DNS server.
Interface
Select the interface from the list
Username
Enter the username for the dynamic DNS server.
Password
Enter the password for the dynamic DNS server.
70
6.8
DSL
To access the DSL settings, first click On Advanced Setup and then click on DSL.
The DSL Settings dialog box allows you to select an appropriate modulation mode.
Option
Description
G.dmt Enabled
Sets G.Dmt if you want the system to use G.Dmt mode.
G.Lite Enabled
Sets G.Lite if you want the system to use G.Lite mode.
T1.413 Enabled
Sets the T1.413 if you want the system to use only T1.413
mode.
ADSL2 Enabled
The device can support the functions of the ADSL2.
AnnexL Enabled
The device can support/enhance the long loop test.
ADSL2+ Enabled
The device can support the functions of the ADSL2+.
AnnexM Enabled
Covers a higher “upstream” data rate version, by making use of
some of the downstream channels.
Inner Pair
Reserved only
Outer Pair
Reserved only
Bitswap Enable
Allows bitswaping function.
SRA Enable
Allows seamless rate adaptation.
71
6.9
Port Mapping
Port Mapping supports multiple ports to PVC and bridging groups. Each group will
perform as an independent network. To support this feature, you must create
mapping groups with appropriate LAN and WAN interfaces using the Add button.
The Remove button will remove the grouping and add the ungrouped interfaces to
the Default group. Only the default group has IP interface.
To add a port mapping group, simply click the Add button.
To create a group from the list, first enter the group name and then select from the
available interfaces on the list.
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Automatically Add Clients With the Following DHCP Vendor IDs:
The local DHCP server will decline and send the requests to a remote DHCP server
by mapping the appropriate LAN interface. This will be turned on when PortMapping
is enabled.
Note: This device does not support a USB interface.
The Lan interface is ENET.
In the LAN side, PC can get IP address from CPE's DHCP server and access Internet
via PPPoE (0/33).
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6.10 Certificate
A certificate is a public key, attached with its owner’s information (company name,
server name, personal real name, contact e-mail, postal address, etc) and digital
signatures. There will be one or more digital signatures attached on the certificate,
indicating that these signers have verified that the owner information of this
certificate is correct.
6.10.1 Local
Click Create Certificate Request to generate a certificate signing request. The
certificate signing request can be submitted to the vendor/ISP/ITSP to apply for a
certificate. Some information must be included in the certificate signing request.
Actually, your vendor/ISP/ITSP will ask you to provide the information they require
and to provide the information in the format they regulate. The explanation for each
column in the following table is only for reference.
74
Certificate Name
A user-defined name for the certificate.
Common Name
Usually, it is the fully qualified domain name for the
machine.
Organization Name
The exact legal name of your organization. Do not
abbreviate.
State/Province Name The state or province where your organization is located. It
cannot be abbreviated.
Country/Region Name The two-letter ISO abbreviation for your country.
Click Apply to generate a private key and a certificate signing request.
This page is used to paste the certificate content and the private key provided by
your vendor/ISP/ITSP.
75
6.10.2 Trusted CA
CA is the abbreviation for Certificate Authority. CA is a part of the X.509 system. It
is itself a certificate, attached with the owner information of this certificate authority.
But its purpose is not to do encryption/decryption. Its purpose is to sign and issue
certificates; in order to prove the owner information of that certificate is correct.
Click Import Certificate to paste the certificate content of your trusted CA.
Generally speaking, the certificate content will be provided by your vendor/ISP/ITSP
and is used to authenticate the Auto-Configuration Server (ACS) that the CPE will
connect to.
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Chapter 7 Diagnostics
The Diagnostics menu provides feedback on the connection status of the CT-5071T
and the ADSL link.
The individual tests are listed below. If a test displays a fail
status, click Test at the bottom of this page to make sure the fail status is consistent.
If the test continues to fail, click Help and follow the troubleshooting procedures.
Note: The display will vary depending on which PVCs are configured.
Test
Description
Ethernet Connection Pass: indicates that the Ethernet interface from your
computer is connected to the LAN port of your DSL Router. A
flashing or solid green LAN LED on the router also signifies
that an Ethernet connection is present and that this test is
successful.
Fail: Indicates that the DSL Router does not detect the
Ethernet interface on your computer.
USB connection
Pass: Indicates that the USB interface from your computer is
(Not available on this connected to the LAN port of your DSL router.
device)
Down: Indicates that the DSL Router does not detect the
USB interface on your computer.
ADSL
Pass: Indicates that the DSL modem has detected a DSL
77
Synchronization
signal from the telephone company.
A solid WAN LED on the
router also indicates the detection of a DSL signal from the
telephone company.
Fail: indicates that the DSL modem does not detect a signal
from the telephone company’s DSL network. The WAN LED
will stop blinking and the LED will stop illuminating (i.e. go
blank).
ISP Connection
Pass: Indicates we can access the WAN service like the
Gateway and DNS.
Fail: Indicates we cannot access the WAN side.
78
Chapter 8 Management
The Management section of the CT-5071T supports the following maintenance
functions and processes:
•
Settings
•
System log
•
TR-069 Client
•
Internet Time
•
Access Control
•
Update software
•
Save/Reboot
8.1
Settings
The Settings option allows you to back up your settings to a file, retrieve the setting
file, and restore the settings.
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8.1.1
Configuration Backup
The Backup option under Management>Settings save your router configurations to
a file on your PC. Click BACKUP Settings in the main window. You will be prompted
to define the location of the backup file to save.
After choosing the file location,
click Backup Settings. Te file will then be saved to the assigned location.
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8.1.2
Tools – Update Settings
The Update option under Management>Settings update your router settings using
your saved files.
81
8.1.3
Restore Default
Clicking the Restore Default Configuration option in the Restore Settings screen can
restore the original factory installed settings.
NOTE: This entry has the same effect as the hardware reset-to-default button.
The CT-5071T board hardware and the boot loader support the reset to default
button.
If the reset button is continuously pushed for more than 5 seconds, the
boot loader will erase the entire configuration data saved on the flash memory.
NOTE: Restoring system settings requires a system reboot.
the current Web UI session be closed and restarted.
This necessitates that
Before restarting the
connected PC must be configured with a static IP address in the 192.168.1.x subnet
in order to configure the CT-5071T.
82
Default settings
The CT-5071T default settings are
•
LAN port IP= 192.168.1.1, subnet mask = 255.255.255.0
•
Local user name: root
•
Password: 12345
•
Remote user name: support
•
Remote user password: support
After the Restore Default Configuration button is selected, the following screen
appears. Close the DSL Router Configuration window and wait for 2 minutes before
reopening your web browser. If necessary, reconfigure your PC's IP address to
match your new configuration.
83
8.2
System Log
The System Log option under Management>Settings allows you to view the system
events log, or to configure the System Log options. The default setting of system
log is disabled.
Follow the steps below to enable and view the system log.
1. Click Configure System Log to display the following screen.
2. Select from the desired Log options described in the following table, and then
click SAVE/Apply.
84
Option
Description
Log
Indicates whether the system is currently recording events.
The
user can enable or disable event logging. By default, it is disabled.
To enable it, tick Enable and then Apply button.
Log level
Allows you to configure the event level and filter out unwanted
events below this level.
The events ranging from the highest
critical level “Emergency” down to this configured level will be
recorded to the log buffer on the CT-5071T SDRAM.
When the log
buffer is full, the newer event will wrap up to the top of the log
buffer and overwrite the old event.
By default, the log level is
“Debugging,” which is the lowest critical level. The following log
levels are
•
Emergency = system is unusable
•
Alert = action must be taken immediately
•
Critical = critical conditions
•
Error = Error conditions
•
Warning = normal but significant condition
•
Notice= normal but insignificant condition
•
Informational= provides information for reference
•
Debugging = debug-level messages
Emergency is the most serious event level, whereas Debugging is
the least important. For instance, if the log level is set to
Debugging, all the events from the lowest Debugging level to the
most critical level Emergency level will be recorded.
If the log
level is set to Error, only Error and the level above will be logged.
Display Level
Allows the user to select the logged events and displays on the
View System Log page for events of this level and above to the
highest Emergency level.
Mode
Allows you to specify whether events should be stored in the local
memory, or be sent to a remote system log server, or both
simultaneously.
If remote mode is selected, view system log will not be able to
display events saved in the remote system log server.
When either Remote mode or Both mode is configured, the WEB UI
will prompt the user to enter the Server IP address and Server UDP
port.
85
3. Click View System Log.
The results are displayed as follows.
86
8.3
TR-069 Client
WAN Management Protocol (TR-069) allows a Auto-Configuration Server (ACS) to
perform auto-configuration, provision, collection, and diagnostics to this device.
Option
Description
Inform
Disable/Enable TR-069 client on the CPE.
Inform Interval
The duration in seconds of the interval for which the CPE MUST
attempt to connect with the ACS and call the Inform method.
ACS URL
URL for the CPE to connect to the ACS using the CPE WAN
Management Protocol. This parameter MUST be in the form of
a valid HTTP or HTTPS URL. An HTTPS URL indicates that the
ACS supports SSL. The “host” portion of this URL is used by the
CPE for validating the certificate from the ACS when using
certificate-based authentication.
ACS User Name
Username used to authenticate the CPE when making a
connection to the ACS using the CPE WAN Management
Protocol. This username is used only for HTTP-based
authentication of the CPE.
ACS Password
Password used to authenticate the CPE when making a
connection to the ACS using the CPE WAN Management
Protocol. This password is used only for HTTP-based
authentication of the CPE.
Connection Request Username used to authenticate an ACS making a Connection
User Name
Request to the CPE.
87
Connection Request Password used to authenticate an ACS making a Connection
Password
Request to the CPE.
Get RPC Methods
This method may be used by a CPE or ACS to discover the set
of methods supported by the ACS or CPE it is in communication
with. This list may include both standard TR-069 methods
(those defined in this specification or a subsequent version)
and vendor-specific methods. The receiver of the response
MUST ignore any unrecognized methods. Click this button to
force the CPE to immediately establish a connection to the
ACS.
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8.4
Internet Time
The Internet Time option under Management menu bar configures the Modem’s
time. To automatically synchronize with Internet time servers, tick the
corresponding box displayed on the screen. Then click Save/Apply.
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8.5
Access Control
The Access Control option under Management menu bar configures the
access-related parameters, including three parts: Services, IP Address, and
Passwords.
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8.5.1
Services
The Services option limits or opens the access services over the LAN or WAN.
These services are provided FTP, HTTP, ICMP, SNMP, SSH (Security Socket Share),
TELNET, and TFTP.
Enable the service by checking the item in the corresponding
checkbox, and then click Save/Apply.
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8.5.2
Access IP Addresses
The IP Addresses option limits the access by IP address.
If the Access Control
Mode is enabled, only the allowed IP addresses can access the router.
Before you enable it, configure the IP addresses by clicking the Add button. Enter
the IP address and click Save/Apply to allow the PC with this IP address managing
the DSL Router.
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8.5.3
Passwords
The Passwords option configures the access passwords for the router.
Access to
your DSL router is controlled through three user accounts: root, support, and user.
•
“root” has unrestricted access to change and view configuration of your DSL
Router.
•
"support" is used to allow an ISP technician to access your DSL Router for
maintenance and to run diagnostics.
•
"user" can access the Router, view configuration settings and statistics, as
well as, update the router's software.
Use the fields below to enter up to 16 characters and click Apply to change or create
passwords.
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8.6
Update software
The Update Software screen allows you to obtain an updated software image file
from your ISP.
Manual software upgrades from a locally stored file can be
performed using the following screen.
Step 1: Obtain an updated software image file from your ISP.
Step 2: Enter the path to the image file location in the box below or click the
Browse button to locate the image file.
Step 3: Click the "Update Software" button once to upload the new image file.
NOTE: The update process takes about 2 minutes to complete, and your DSL Router
will reboot.
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8.7
Save and Reboot
The Save/Reboot options saving the configurations and reboot the router.
Close
the DSL Router Configuration window and wait for 2 minutes before reopening your
web browser. If necessary, reconfigure your PC's IP address to match your new
configuration.
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Appendix A: Firewall
Stateful Packet Inspection
Refers to an architecture, where the firewall keeps track of packets on each
connection traversing all its interfaces and makes sure they are valid. This is in
contrast to static packet filtering which only examines a packet based on the
information in the packet header.
Denial of Service attack
Is an incident in which a user or organization is deprived of the services of a
resource they would normally expect to have. Various DoS attacks the device can
withstand are: ARP Attack, Ping Attack, Ping of Death, Land, SYN Attack, Smurf
Attack and Tear Drop.
TCP/IP/Port/Interface filtering rules
These rules help in the filtering of traffic at the Network layer i.e. Layer 3.
When a Routing interface is created "Enable Firewall" must be checked.
Navigate to Advanced Setup -> Security -> IP Filtering, web page.
Outgoing IP Filtering: Helps in setting rules to DROP packets from the LAN
interface. By default if Firewall is Enabled all IP traffic from LAN is allowed. By
setting up one or more filters, particular packet types coming from the LAN can be
dropped.
Filter Name: User defined Filter Name.
Protocol: Can take on any values from: TCP/UDP, TCP, UDP or ICMP
Source IP Address/Source Subnet Mask: Packets with the particular "Source
IP Address/Source Subnet Mask" combination will be dropped.
Source Port: This can take on either a single port number or a range of port
numbers. Packets having a source port equal to this value or falling within the range
of port numbers(portX : portY) will be dropped.
Destination IP Address/Destination Subnet Mask: Packets with the particular
"Destination IP Address/Destination Subnet Mask" combination will be dropped.
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Destination Port: This can take on either a single port number or a range
of port numbers. Packets having a destination port equal to this value or falling
within the range of port numbers(portX : portY) will be dropped.
Examples:
1.
Filter Name
: Out_Filter1
Protocol
: TCP
Source Address
: 192.168.1.45
Source Subnet Mask
: 255.255.255.0
Source Port
: 80
Dest. Address
:NA
Dest. Sub. Mask
: NA
Dest. Port
: NA
This filter will Drop all TCP packets coming from LAN with IP Address/Sub. Mask
192.168.1.45/24 having a source port of 80 irrespective of the destination. All other
packets will be Accepted.
2.
Filter Name
: Out_Filter2
Protocol
: UDP
Source Address
: 192.168.1.45
Source Subnet Mask
: 255.255.255.0
Source Port
: 5060:6060
Dest. Address
:172.16.13.4
Dest. Sub. Mask
: 255.255.255.0
Dest. Port
: 6060:7070
This filter will drop all UDP packets coming from LAN with IP Address/Sub.Mask
192.168.1.45/24 and a source port in the range of 5060 to 6060, destined
to 172.16.13.4/24 and a destination port in the range of 6060 to 7070
Incoming IP Filtering:
Helps in setting rules to ACCEPT packets from the WAN interface. By default all
incoming IP
traffic from WAN is Blocked, if the Firewall is Enabled. By setting up
one or more filters, particular packet types coming from the WAN can be Accepted.
Filter Name: User defined Filter Name.
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Protocol: Can take on any values from: TCP/UDP, TCP, UDP or ICMP
Source IP Address/Source Subnet Mask: Packets with the particular "Source IP
Address/Source Subnet Mask" combination will be accepted.
Source Port: This can take on either a single port number or a range of port
numbers. Packets having a source port equal to this value or falling within the range
of port numbers(portX : portY) will be accepted.
Destination IP Address/Destination Subnet Mask: Packets with the particular
"Destination IP Address/Destination Subnet Mask" combination will be accepted.
Destination Port: This can take on either a single port number or a range of port
numbers. Packets having a destination port equal to this value or falling within the
range of port numbers(portX : portY) will be accepted.
The WAN interface on which these rules apply needs to be selected by the user.
Examples:
1.
Filter Name
: In_Filter1
Protocol
: TCP
Source Address
: 210.168.219.45
Source Subnet Mask
: 255.255.0.0
Source Port
: 80
Dest. Address
:NA
Dest. Sub. Mask
: NA
Dest. Port
: NA
Selected WAN interface: mer_0_35/nas_0_35
This filter will ACCEPT all TCP packets coming from WAN interface
mer_0_35/nas_0_35 with IP Address/Sub. Mask 210.168.219.45/16 having a
source port of 80 irrespective of the destination. All other incoming packets on this
interface are DROPPED.
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2.
Filter Name
: In_Filter2
Protocol
: UDP
Source Address
: 210.168.219.45
Source Subnet Mask
: 255.255.0.0
Source Port
: 5060:6060
Dest. Address
:192.168.1.45
Dest. Sub. Mask
: 255.255.255.0
Dest. Port
: 6060:7070
This rule will ACCEPT all UDP packets coming from WAN interface
mer_0_35/nas_0_35 with IP Address/Sub.Mask 210.168.219.45/16 and a
source port in the range of 5060 to 6060, destined to 192.168.1.45/24 and a
destination port in the range of 6060 to 7070. All other incoming packets on this
interface are DROPPED.
MAC Layer Filtering:
These rules help in the filtering of traffic at the Layer 2. MAC Filtering is only
effective on ATM PVCs configured in Bridge mode. After a Bridge mode PVC is
created, navigate to Advanced Setup -> Security -> MAC Filtering web page.
Global Policy:
When set to Forwarded the default filter behavior is to
Forward all MAC layer frames except those explicitly stated in the rules.
Setting it to Blocked changes the default filter behavior to Drop all
MAC layer frames except those explicitly stated in the rules.
To setup a rule:
Protocol Type: Can be either PPPoE, IPv4, IPv6, AppleTalk, IPX, NetBEUI, IGMP.
Destination MAC Address: Of the form, XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX. Frames with
this particular destination address will be Forwarded/Dropped depending on
whether the Global Policy is Blocked/Forwarded.
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Source MAC Address: Of the form, XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX. Frames with this
particular source address will be Forwarded/Dropped depending on whether the
Global Policy is Blocked/Forwarded.
Frame Direction:
LAN <=> WAN --> All Frames coming/going to/from LAN or to/from WAN.
WAN => LAN --> All Frames coming from WAN destined to LAN.
LAN => WAN --> All Frames coming from LAN destined to WAN
User needs to select the interface on which this rule is applied.
Examples:
1.
Global Policy: Forwarded
Protocol Type: PPPoE
Dest. MAC Addr: 00:12:34:56:78
Source MAC Addr: NA
Frame Direction: LAN => WAN
WAN Interface Selected: br_0_34/nas_0_34
Addition of this rule drops all PPPoE frames going from LAN-side to WAN-side with a
Dest. MAC Addr. of 00:12:34:56:78 irrespective of its Source MAC Addr. on the
br_0_34 WAN interface. All other frames on this interface are forwarded.
2.
Global Policy: Blocked
Protocol Type: PPPoE
Dest. MAC Addr: 00:12:34:56:78:90
Source MAC Addr: 00:34:12:78:90:56
Frame Direction: WAN => LAN
WAN Interface Selected: br_0_34/nas_0_34
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Addition of this rule forwards all PPPoE frames going from WAN-side to LAN-side
with a Dest. MAC Addr. of 00:12:34:56:78 and Source MAC Addr. of
00:34:12:78:90:56 on the br_0_34 WAN interface. All other frames on this
interface are dropped.
Daytime Parental Control
This feature restricts access of a selected LAN device to an outside Network through
the router, as per chosen days of the week and the chosen times.
User Name: Name of the Filter.
Browser's MAC Address: Displays MAC address of the LAN device on which the
browser is running.
Other MAC Address: If restrictions are to be applied to a device other than the
one on which the browser is running, the MAC address of
that LAN device is
entered.
Days of the Week: Days of the week, when the restrictions are applied.
Start Blocking Time: The time when restrictions on the LAN device
are put into effect.
End Blocking Time: The time when restrictions on the LAN device are lifted.
Example:
User Name: FilterJohn
Browser's MAC Address: 00:25:46:78:63:21
Days of the Week: Mon, Wed, Fri
Start Blocking Time: 14:00
End Blocking Time: 18:00
When this rule i.e. FilterJohn is entered, a LAN device with MAC Address of
00:25:46:78:63:21 will be restricted access to the outside network on Mondays,
Wednesdays and Fridays, from 2pm to 6pm. On all other days and time this device
will have access to the outside Network.
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Appendix B: Pin Assignments
Line port (RJ11)
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
1
-
4
ADSL_TIP
2
-
5
-
3
ADSL_RING
6
-
Pin Assignments of the RJ11 Port
LAN Port (RJ45)
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
1
Transmit data+
5
NC
2
Transmit data-
6
Receive data-
3
Receive data+
7
NC
4
NC
8
NC
Pin assignments of the LAN Port
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Appendix C: Specifications
Rear Panel
RJ-11 X1 for ADSL, RJ-45 X1 for LAN, Reset Button X 1, Power Jack X 1, Power
switch X 1,
ADSL
ADSL standard
ITU-T G.992.5, ITU-T G.992.3, ITU-T G.992.1,
ANSI T1.413 Issue 2
G.992.5 (ADSL2+)
Downstream : 24 Mbps
Upstream : 1.3 Mbps
G.992.3 (ADSL2)
Downstream : 12 Mbps
Upstream : 1.3 Mbps
G.DMT
Downstream:
Upstream:
8 Mbps
832 Kbps
Ethernet
Standard
IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.3u
10/100 BaseT
Auto-sense
MDI/MDX support
Yes
ATM Attributes
RFC 2364 (PPPoA), RFC 2684 (RFC 1483) Bridge/Route; RFC 2516 (PPPoE);
RFC 1577 (IPoA)
Support PVCs
8
AAL type
AAL5
ATM service class
UBR/CBR/VBR
ATM UNI support
UNI3.1/4.0
OAM F4/F5
Yes
Management
TR-069, Telnet, Web-based management, Configuration backup and
restoration, Software upgrade via HTTP, TFTP server, or FTP server
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Bridge Functions
Transparent bridging and learning
IEEE 802.1d
Spanning Tree Algorithm
Yes
IGMP Proxy
Yes
Routing Functions
Static route, RIP, and RIPv2, NAT/PAT, DHCP Server/DHCP Relay/DHCP
Client, DNS Proxy, ARP
Security Functions
Authentication protocols
PAP, CHAP,
TCP/IP/Port filtering rules, Port triggering/Forwarding, Packet and MAC
address filtering, Access control
Application Passthrough
PPTP, L2TP, IPSec, VoIP, Yahoo messenger, ICQ, RealPlayer, NetMeeting,
MSN, X-box, etc.
Power Supply
External power adapter
110/220 Vac to 18 Vac, 0.5A
Environment Condition
Operating temperature
0 ~ 50 degrees Celsius
Relative humidity
5 ~ 90% (non-condensing)
Dimensions
92mm
(W) x 34mm
(H) x 114mm (D)
Certifications
FCC Part 15 class B, FCC Part 68, CE
Note: Specifications are subject to change without notice.
104
Appendix D: SSH Client
Linux OS comes with ssh client. MicroSoft Windows does not have ssh client but
there is a public domain one “putty” that you can download.
http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/download.html
To access the router using Linux ssh client:
From LAN: Use the router WEB UI to enable SSH access from LAN.
(default is enabled)
type: ssh -l admin 192.168.1.1
From WAN: In the router, use WEB UI to enable SSH access from WAN.
type: ssh -l support router-WAN-ip-address
To access the router using Windows putty ssh client:
From LAN: Use the router WEB UI to enable SSH access from LAN
(default is enabled)
type: putty -ssh -l admin 192.168.1.1
From WAN: In the router, use WEB UI to enable SSH access from WAN.
type: putty -ssh -l support router-WAN-ip-address
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