Boris FX Boris Calligraphy Vresion 2.0 User`s guide

Avid® FX® User’s Guide
m a k e m a n a g e m ove | m e d i a ™
Avid
®
Copyright and Disclaimer
Product specifications are subject to change without notice and do not represent a commitment on the part of Avid
Technology, Inc.
The software described in this document is furnished under a license agreement. You can obtain a copy of that license by
visiting Avid's Web site at www.avid.com. The terms of that license are also available in the product in the same directory as
the software. The software may not be reverse assembled and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of the
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Avid products or portions thereof are protected by one or more of the following United States Patents: 4,746,994; 4,970,663;
5,045,940; 5,267,351; 5,309,528; 5,355,450; 5,396,594; 5,440,348; 5,452,378; 5,467,288; 5,513,375; 5,528,310; 5,557,423;
5,568,275; 5,577,190; 5,584,006; 5,640,601; 5,644,364; 5,654,737; 5,715,018; 5,724,605; 5,726,717; 5,729,673; 5,745,637;
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6,018,337; 6,023,531; 6,058,236; 6,061,758; 6,091,778; 6,105,083; 6,118,444; 6,128,001; 6,134,607; 6,137,919; 6,141,691;
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D396,853; D398,912. Other patents are pending.
This document is protected under copyright law. An authorized licensee of Avid Pro Tools LE may reproduce this publication
for the licensee’s own use in learning how to use the software. This document may not be reproduced or distributed, in whole
or in part, for commercial purposes, such as selling copies of this document or providing support or educational services to
others. This document is supplied as a guide for Avid Pro Tools LE. Reasonable care has been taken in preparing the
information it contains. However, this document may contain omissions, technical inaccuracies, or typographical errors. Avid
Technology, Inc. does not accept responsibility of any kind for customers’ losses due to the use of this document. Product
specifications are subject to change without notice.
Copyright © 2006 Avid Technology, Inc. and its licensors. All rights reserved. Printed in USA.
The following disclaimer is required by Sam Leffler and Silicon Graphics, Inc. for the use of their TIFF library:
Copyright © 1988–1997 Sam Leffler
Copyright © 1991–1997 Silicon Graphics, Inc.
Permission to use, copy, modify, distribute, and sell this software [i.e., the TIFF library] and its documentation for any purpose
is hereby granted without fee, provided that (i) the above copyright notices and this permission notice appear in all copies of
the software and related documentation, and (ii) the names of Sam Leffler and Silicon Graphics may not be used in any
advertising or publicity relating to the software without the specific, prior written permission of Sam Leffler and Silicon
Graphics.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED “AS-IS” AND WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR
OTHERWISE, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL SAM LEFFLER OR SILICON GRAPHICS BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT
OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OF ANY KIND, OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE,
DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER OR NOT ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF DAMAGE, AND ON ANY THEORY OF
LIABILITY, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
The following disclaimer is required by the Independent JPEG Group:
Portions of this software are based on work of the Independent JPEG Group.
The following disclaimer is required by Paradigm Matrix:
Portions of this software licensed from Paradigm Matrix.
The following disclaimer is required by Ray Sauers Associates, Inc.:
“Install-It” is licensed from Ray Sauers Associates, Inc. End-User is prohibited from taking any action to derive a source code
equivalent of “Install-It,” including by reverse assembly or reverse compilation, Ray Sauers Associates, Inc. shall in no event be
liable for any damages resulting from reseller’s failure to perform reseller’s obligation; or any damages arising from use or
operation of reseller’s products or the software; or any other damages, including but not limited to, incidental, direct, indirect,
special or consequential Damages including lost profits, or damages resulting from loss of use or inability to use reseller’s
products or the software for any reason including copyright or patent infringement, or lost data, even if Ray Sauers Associates
has been advised, knew or should have known of the possibility of such damages.
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The following disclaimer is required by Videomedia, Inc.:
“Videomedia, Inc. makes no warranties whatsoever, either express or implied, regarding this product, including warranties with
respect to its merchantability or its fitness for any particular purpose.”
“This software contains V-LAN ver. 3.0 Command Protocols which communicate with V-LAN ver. 3.0 products developed by
Videomedia, Inc. and V-LAN ver. 3.0 compatible products developed by third parties under license from Videomedia, Inc. Use
of this software will allow “frame accurate” editing control of applicable videotape recorder decks, videodisc recorders/players
and the like.”
The following disclaimer is required by Altura Software, Inc. for the use of its Mac2Win software and Sample
Source Code:
©1993–1998 Altura Software, Inc.
The following disclaimer is required by Ultimatte Corporation:
Certain real-time compositing capabilities are provided under a license of such technology from Ultimatte Corporation and are
subject to copyright protection.
The following disclaimer is required by 3Prong.com Inc.:
Certain waveform and vector monitoring capabilities are provided under a license from 3Prong.com Inc.
Attn. Government User(s). Restricted Rights Legend
U.S. GOVERNMENT RESTRICTED RIGHTS. This Software and its documentation are “commercial computer software” or
“commercial computer software documentation.” In the event that such Software or documentation is acquired by or on behalf
of a unit or agency of the U.S. Government, all rights with respect to this Software and documentation are subject to the terms
of the License Agreement, pursuant to FAR §12.212(a) and/or DFARS §227.7202-1(a), as applicable.
Trademarks
888 I/O, Adrenaline, AirPlay, AirSPACE, AirSPACE HD, AirSpeed, AniMatte, AudioSuite, AudioVision, AutoSync, Avid,
Avid DNA, Avid DNxcel, Avid DNxHD, AVIDdrive, AVIDdrive Towers, Avid Learning Excellerator, Avid Liquid, Avid Mojo,
AvidNet, AvidNetwork, AVIDstripe, Avid Unity, Avid Unity ISIS, Avid Xpress, AVoption, AVX, CamCutter, ChromaCurve,
ChromaWheel, DAE, Dazzle, Deko, DekoCast, D-Fi, D-fx, DigiDelivery, Digidesign, Digidesign Audio Engine,
Digidesign Intelligent Noise Reduction, DigiDrive, Digital Nonlinear Accelerator, DigiTranslator, DINR, DNxchange, D-Verb,
Equinox, ExpertRender, FieldPak, Film Composer, FilmScribe, FluidMotion, HIIP, HyperSPACE, HyperSPACE HDCAM,
IllusionFX, Image Independence, iNEWS, iNEWS ControlAir, Instinct, Intraframe, iS9, iS18, iS23, iS36, LaunchPad, Lightning,
Lo-Fi, Magic Mask, make manage move | media, Marquee, Matador, Maxim, MCXpress, Media Browse, Media Composer,
MediaDock, MediaDock Shuttle, Media Fusion, Media Illusion, MediaLog, Media Reader, Media Recorder, MEDIArray,
MediaShare, MediaStream, Meridien, MetaSync, MissionControl, NaturalMatch, Nearchive, NetReview, NewsCutter, Nitris,
OMF, OMF Interchange, OMM, Open Media Framework, Open Media Management, PCTV, Pinnacle MediaSuite,
Pinnacle Studio, Pinnacle Systems, ProEncode, Pro Tools, QuietDrive, Recti-Fi, RetroLoop, rS9, rS18, Sci-Fi, Show Center,
Softimage, Sound Designer II, SPACE, SPACEShift, SpectraGraph, SpectraMatte, SteadyGlide, Symphony, TARGA, Thunder,
Trilligent, UnityRAID, Vari-Fi, Video Slave Driver, VideoSPACE, and Xdeck are either registered trademarks or trademarks of
Avid Technology, Inc. in the United States and/or other countries.
NEWS, iNEWS ControlAir, and Media Browse are trademarks of iNews, LLC. VocALign® is a registered trademark of Synchro
Arts Limited. Adobe and Photoshop are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the
United States and/or other countries. Apple and Macintosh are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and
other countries. Windows is either a registered trademark or trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or
other countries. All other trademarks contained herein are the property of their respective owners.
Footage
Arri — Courtesy of Arri/Fauer — John Fauer, Inc.
Bell South “Anticipation” — Courtesy of Two Headed Monster — Tucker/Wayne Atlanta/GMS.
Canyonlands — Courtesy of the National Park Service/Department of the Interior.
Eco Challenge British Columbia — Courtesy of Eco Challenge Lifestyles, Inc., All Rights Reserved.
Eco Challenge Morocco — Courtesy of Discovery Communications, Inc.
It’s Shuttletime — Courtesy of BCP & Canadian Airlines.
Nestlé Coffee Crisp — Courtesy of MacLaren McCann Canada.
Saturn “Calvin Egg” — Courtesy of Cossette Communications.
“Tigers: Tracking a Legend” — Courtesy of www.wildlifeworlds.com, Carol Amore, Executive Producer.
"The Big Swell" — Courtesy of Swell Pictures, Inc.
Windhorse — Courtesy of Paul Wagner Productions.
Arizona Images — KNTV Production — Courtesy of Granite Broadcasting, Inc.,
Editor/Producer Bryan Foote.
Canyonlands — Courtesy of the National Park Service/Department of the Interior.
Tornados + Belle Isle footage — Courtesy of KWTV News 9.
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WCAU Fire Story — Courtesy of NBC-10, Philadelphia, PA.
Women in Sports – Paragliding — Courtesy of Legendary Entertainment, Inc.
GOT FOOTAGE?
Editors — Filmmakers — Special Effects Artists — Game Developers — Animators — Educators — Broadcasters — Content
creators of every genre — Just finished an incredible project and want to share it with the world?
Send us your reels and we may use your footage in our show reel or demo!*
For a copy of our release and Avid’s mailing address, go to www.avid.com/footage.
*Note: Avid cannot guarantee the use of materials submitted.
Digi 002 Communications & Safety Regulation Information
Compliance Statement
The model Digi 002 complies with the following standards regulating interference and EMC:
•
•
•
•
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FCC Part 15 Class B
EN55022
EN55024
AS/NZS 3548 Class B
CISPR 22 Class B
Radio and Television Interference
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC
Rules.
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
We Digidesign,
2001 Junipero Serra Boulevard, Suite 200
Daly City, California 94014-3886, USA
650-731-6300
declare under our sole responsibility that the product
Digi 002
complies with Part 15 of FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device
must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of
the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee
that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try and correct
the interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
•
•
•
Reorient or locate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Any modifications to the unit, unless expressly approved by Digidesign, could void the user's authority to operate the
equipment.
4
Canadian Compliance Statement:
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada
Australian Compliance
European Compliance
Safety Statement
This equipment has been tested to comply with USA and Canadian safety certification in accordance with the specification of
UL Standards : UL1419 and Canadian CAN C22.2NO.1-98, IEC60950. Digidesign Inc., has been authorized to apply the
appropriate UL & CUL mark on its compliant equipment.
Warning!
Important Safety Instructions
When using electric or electronic equipment, basic precautions should always be followed, including the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Read all instructions before using this equipment.
To avoid the risk of shock, keep this equipment away from rain water, and other moisture. Do not use this equipment if it is
wet.
The equipment should only be connected to the correct rating power supply as indicated on the product.
Do not attempt to service the equipment. There are no user-serviceable parts inside. Please refer all servicing to authorized
Digidesign personnel.
Any attempt to service the equipment will expose you to a risk of electric shock, and will void the manufacturer’s warranty.
The product should be connected only to the correct power supply as indicated on the product.
Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the manufacture’s instructions.
Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers,stoves, or other apparatus (including amplifiers) that
produce heat.
Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding-type plug. A polarized plug has two blades with one wider
than other, A grounding type plug has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide blade or the third prong are
provided for your safety. If the provided plug does not fit into your outlet, consult an electrician for replacement of the
obsolete outlet.
Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles, and the point where
they exit from the apparatus.
Only use attachments/accessories specified by the manufacturer.
Clean only with dry cloth.
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Mbox Communications & Safety Regulation Information
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
We Digidesign,
2001 Junipero Serra Boulevard, Suite 200
Daly City, CA 94014 USA
tel: 650-731-6300
declare under our sole responsibility that the product
Mbox
complies with Part 15 of FCC Rules.
Current Consumption 500mA
Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device
must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of
the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee
that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try and correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or locate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Any modifications to the unit, unless expressly approved by Digidesign, could void the user's authority to operate the
equipment.
Canadian Compliance Statement:
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
Australian Compliance
European Compliance
Avid Pro Tools LE User’s Guide • 0130-06218-01 Rev. A • June 2004
Avid FX User’s Guide • 0130-07670-01 • August 2006
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Contents
Using This Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Symbols and Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
If You Need Help. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
How to Order Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Avid Training Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Chapter 1
Desktop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
The 3D Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Coordinate Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Cartesian Coordinates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
XYZ Axes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
XYZ Coordinates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
XZ, XY, YZ Planes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
The Avid FX Windows. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
The Project Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Changing the View Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Library Browser Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
The Timeline Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
The Timeline Buttons and Timecode Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
The Global and Local Timeline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Timeline Tracks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Types of Timeline Tracks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Compositing on the Timeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Working with the Timeline Tracks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
The Composite Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
The OpenGL Interactors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Optimizing OpenGL Acceleration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Quality and Resolution Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Using Grids and Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Aligning Objects in the Composite Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Distributing Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Transforming Objects using the OpenGL Interactors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Viewing the Channels of an Image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
The Controls Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Adjusting Values in the Control Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Resetting Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Locking Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Static Spline Checkbox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Chapter 2
Working with Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
The Media Files Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Opening the Location of Media Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Replacing or Relinking Media Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Locating Missing Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Reloading Still Image Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Loading Media Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Creating Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Defining Color . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Creating Gradients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Creating Gradient Blends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Creating Gradient Patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Animating Color Stops and Gradient Patterns. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Saving and Loading Gradients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Creating Natural Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Resizing Media. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Chapter 3
Starting Your Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Setting Your Preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Resetting Values in the Preference Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Saving Preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Importing Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Batch Importing Media Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Importing Sequential Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
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Importing Media from the Project Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Importing Media from the Timeline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Importing Movie Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Importing Audio Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Importing Still Image Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Importing Layered Photoshop Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Importing EPS Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Creating Projects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Saving Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Adding Tracks and Compositions to the Timeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Consolidate Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
Chapter 4
Working with Effects and Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Types of Filters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Working with Effects and Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
Applying Effects and Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
Upstream and Downstream Filters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
Saving Effects and Filters to an Avid Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
Inserting Settings Into an Effect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Changing Filters on the Timeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Viewing Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
Working with Masks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
Upstream and Downstream Masks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
Applying a Mask to a Track . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180
Working with Pre-Compositions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
The KeyFrame Library and the Library Browser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Previewing Animated Thumbnails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Loading and Saving Effects using the Library Browser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
The Filter Palette. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
The Plug-In Filter Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Using the PixelChooser. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
BCC PixelChooser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
Contextual Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
Working with PixelChooser Presets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
9
Creating Wipes with the PixelChooser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192
Previewing Effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192
Using J,K,L Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Previewing Effects on a Track . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Previewing to RAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Previewing with Square Pixels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
Previewing with the Caps Lock Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
Refreshing Video and Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
Previewing Effects with Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
Controlling the Source Imagery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
Using an External Monitor to Preview Effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196
Working with Audio Effects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
Creating an Audio Track on the Timeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
Displaying Audio Waveforms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
Displaying Audio Meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
Playing Back Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199
Playing Back Audio with Effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199
Animating Volume and Balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200
Chapter 5
Animation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
Creating Animation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210
Working with Keyframes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210
Automatically Generating Random Keyframes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217
Setting the Interpolation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217
Animating Shapes, Filters, and Containers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221
Setting the Start and End of Tracks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221
Creating Animated Effects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222
Keyframing Volume and Balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225
Working with Value and Velocity Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227
Using Value Curves to Adjust Animation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227
Using Velocity Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230
Motion Path Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231
Working with the Motion On Path Tab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232
Working with the Apply Tab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234
10
Working with the Animation Tab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234
Chapter 6
Working with Containers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239
Types of Containers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239
Working with 3D Containers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240
Creating a 3D Container. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241
Manipulating 3D Container Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244
Positioning a 3D Container. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245
Pivoting a 3D Container . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
Working with the Camera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
Adjusting the 3D Model Camera Perspective. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247
Working with Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
Adding Light to a 3D Model Container . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
Adding Light to a Z Space Composite Container . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251
Setting the Type of Light Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Changing the Position of the Light Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256
Using Colored Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258
Setting the Ambience of a Scene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258
Applying a Mode when Adding Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
Apply Mode Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260
Applying a Mix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262
Working with Shadows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262
Adding Shadows to 2D Composite Containers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263
Adding Shadows to Z Space Composite Containers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265
Adding Shadows to 3D Model Containers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268
Applying a Motion Blur to a 3D Container . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Compositing 3D Container Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Working with 3D Chart Containers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Using the Chart Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271
Selecting the Chart Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272
Formatting Charts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273
Adding Numeric Values to a Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 276
Adding a Legend to a Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280
Adding Dimension to a Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281
11
Applying Animation to a Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283
Creating Chart Backdrops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286
Chapter 7
Working with Shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305
Adding Media to Shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306
Mapping Media to the Faces of a Shape. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306
Mapping Media to 3D Primitives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307
Using Common Shape Parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308
Working with Lights and Shadows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314
Lighting Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314
Working with 3D Shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318
Using 3D Plane Shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318
Creating Borders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319
Describing the 3D Sphere Shape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320
Describing 3D Extrusion Shapes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321
Applying Materials in 3D Space. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327
Using the Materials Tab with 3D Primitives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328
Adding Bevels and Extrusions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 332
Working with 3D Line Art . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334
Understanding Vector Graphics and Bitmaps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334
Advantages of 3D Line Art . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 335
Applying Additional Shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336
Using Cube Shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336
Using Sphere Shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 338
Using the Cylinder Shape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 341
Using the Page Turn Shape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345
Chapter 8
Working with Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 395
Working with Text Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 395
Using the Text Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 397
Creating a Text Effect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 397
Editing Text from the Text Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 398
Importing Text Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402
Working with the Text Window Tabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402
Creating a Text Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 412
12
Working with the Text Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417
Using the Text Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418
Repositioning Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418
Editing Text Using the Text Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 419
Kerning Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 419
Formatting Text Created with the Text Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 419
Justifying Text Created with the Text Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 421
Working with Title Containers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 422
Optimizing Text Animations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 422
Creating Text Animation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 422
Optimizing Workflow for Credit Rolls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423
Animating Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423
Adding a Motion Blur . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 428
Adding Shadows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 429
Adding a Color Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 429
Compositing Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 430
Converting a Text Track into a Container . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 431
Adding Effects to Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 432
Text Tracking and Scaling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433
Setting Text Fill and Opacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 434
Adding Borders to Text. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 434
Adding a Motion Path . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 435
Creating Type-On Animation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 436
Randomizing Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 437
Generating Random Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 438
Mapping Media to Text. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 443
Adding a Rectangular Backdrop. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 447
Converting Text and Text Backdrops to Spline Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 448
Creating Multi-Shape Text Backdrops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450
Working with the Style Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 452
Creating Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 452
Organizing Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 457
Editing Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 458
13
Applying Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 460
Using Context Menus in the Style Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 463
Chapter 9
Motion Tracking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 491
Generating the Motion Path . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 491
Overview of Using the Motion Tracker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 491
Creating Motion Tracker Effects and Applying Tracker Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . 493
Setting Target and Search Regions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495
Analyzing Motion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496
Manually Correcting Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 497
Working with the Corner Pin Tracker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 497
Overview of Using the Corner Pin Tracker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498
Setting Target and Search Regions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 499
Working with the Motion Stabilizer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500
Overview of Using the Motion Stabilizer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500
Chapter 10
Using Spline Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 521
Working with Spline Object Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 521
Setting Spline Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 521
Creating Spline Objects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 522
Drawing Spline Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524
Using The Tool Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524
Using Spline Objects as Masks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 537
Importing Spline Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 537
Animating Spline Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 539
Understanding Path Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 542
Manipulating Spline Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 543
Working with the Spline Primitive Media Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 546
Creating Spline Primitives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 546
Drawing Shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 547
Setting Color and Opacity of Spline Primitive Shapes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 548
Editing Spline Object and Spline Primitive Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 549
Adding Borders to Spline Edges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 549
Adding Shadow to Splines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 551
Mapping Media to Spline Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 552
14
Adjusting Splines in Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 553
Extruding Spline Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 554
Converting a Spline Primitive to a Spline Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 556
Converting Still Image Files into Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 556
Chapter 11
Finishing: Rendering and Exporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 575
Understanding the Render Queue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 575
Rendering Tracks and Compositions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 576
Adding Tracks and Compositions to the Render Queue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 576
Setting the Movie Export Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 576
Rendering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 579
Exporting Files as Flash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 581
Using Frame Cache Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 581
Rendering Effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 582
The Rendering Pipeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 583
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 587
15
16
Using This Guide
Avid® FX provides the widest range of high-quality titling and effects ever offered for the
Avid Xpress® Pro. Available separately or as part of the Avid Xpress Studio suite of
integrated applications, Avid FX works as an AVX plug-in. With over 1500 customizable
title, effects and transition templates it is the ultimate combination of power and
convenience.
Avid FX integrates with Avid Mojo DNA hardware, displaying output from the Avid FX
composite window on a broadcast monitor in real time.
This guide is intended for all editing applications users, from beginning to advanced.
Unless noted otherwise, the material in this document applies to the Windows XP operating
systems.
n
The documentation describes the features and hardware of all models. Therefore, your
system might not contain certain features and hardware that are covered in the
documentation.
Using This Guide
Symbols and Conventions
Avid documentation uses the following symbols and conventions:
Symbol or Convention
Meaning or Action
n
A note provides important related information, reminders,
recommendations, and strong suggestions.
c
A caution means that a specific action you take could cause
harm to your computer or cause you to lose data.
w
A warning describes an action that could cause you physical
harm. Follow the guidelines in this document or on the unit
itself when handling electrical equipment.
>
This symbol indicates menu commands (and subcommands) in
the order you select them. For example, File > Import means to
open the File menu and then select the Import command.
Italic font
Italic font is used to emphasize certain words and to indicate
variables.
Courier Bold font
Courier Bold font identifies text that you type.
Ctrl+key or mouse action
Press and hold the first key while you press the last key or
perform the mouse action. For example, Ctrl+drag.
If You Need Help
If you are having trouble using Avid FX:
1. Retry the action, carefully following the instructions given for that task in this guide. It
is especially important to check each step of your workflow.
2. Check for the latest information that might have become available after the
documentation was published in one of two locations:
• If release notes are available, they ship with your application.
• If ReadMe files are available, they are supplied in your Avid application folder.
ReadMe files are also available from Help.
n
The most up-to-date ReadMe files are available on the Avid Knowledge Base.
3. Check the documentation that came with your Avid application or your hardware for
maintenance or hardware-related issues.
18
How to Order Documentation
4. Visit the online Knowledge Base at www.avid.com/support. Online services are
available 24 hours per day, 7 days per week. Search this online Knowledge Base to find
answers, to view error messages, to access troubleshooting tips, to download updates,
and to read/join online message-board discussions.
5. For Technical Support, please call 800-800-AVID (800-800-2843).
For Broadcast On-Air Sites and Call Letter Stations, call
800-NEWSDNG (800-639-7364).
How to Order Documentation
To order additional copies of this documentation from within the United States, call Avid
Sales at 800-949-AVID. If you are placing an order from outside the United States, contact
your local Avid representative.
Avid Training Services
Avid makes lifelong learning, career advancement, and personal development easy and
convenient. Avid understands that the knowledge you need to differentiate yourself is always
changing, and Avid continually updates course content and offers new training delivery
methods that accommodate your pressured and competitive work environment.
To learn about Avid's new online learning environment, Avid Learning Excellerator
(ALEX)TM, visit http://learn.avid.com.
For information on courses/schedules, training centers, certifications, courseware, and
books, please visit www.avid.com/training or call Avid Sales at 800-949-AVID
(800-949-2843).
19
Using This Guide
20
Chapter 1
Desktop
Before you can begin to composite, create titles, or animate objects, you should
familiarize yourself with the basic 3D concepts and the Avid FX desktop.
•
The 3D Environment on page 21
•
The Avid FX Windows on page 24
•
The Composite Window on page 51
•
The Timeline Window on page 29
•
The Controls Window on page 63
•
Customizing the Desktop on page 66
The 3D Environment
If you are used to working in the 2D environment or on a timeline with cuts, dissolves,
and 2D effects, it may be difficult to wrap your head around the concepts of 3D space.
This section provides some background for those who are not familiar with 3D
animation. In particular, it introduces the notion of coordinate systems and distance
units.
Coordinate Systems
Coordinate systems allow any point in three-dimensional space to be represented by a
triplet of numbers (X, Y, Z).
Cartesian Coordinates
One essential concept that a first-time user of 3D computer graphics should
understand is the notion of working within a virtual three-dimensional space using a
two-dimensional user interface. In the classic Euclidean/Cartesian mathematical
Chapter 1 Desktop
representation of space, three perpendicular axes X, Y, and Z, intersect at one point. This
reference point is called the origin. The point of origin is 0, 0, 0. The opposite directions
represent negative X, Y, and Z.
XYZ Axes
To remember the direction of the X, Y, and Z axes, you can use the “right-hand” rule: hold
up your right hand so that your palm is facing you, then extend your thumb to the right, hold
your index finger up, and point your middle finger towards you. Your thumb is pointing in
positive X, your index finger in positive Y, and your middle finger in positive Z. The
opposite directions represent negative X, Y, and Z.
An easy way to remember the color coding is RGB = XYZ. This mnemonic is repeated
throughout Avid FX: object centers, visual cues for transformations, etc.
XYZ Coordinates
With the Cartesian coordinate system, you can locate any point in space using three
coordinates. Positions are measured from a point called the origin, which is (0, 0, 0). For
example, if X = +2, Y = +1, Z = +3, a point would be located to the right of, above, and in
front of the origin.
22
The 3D Environment
Location = (2, 1, 3)
Y=1
Origin
Z=3
X=2
XZ, XY, YZ Planes
Since you're working with a two-dimensional interface, spatial planes are used to locate
points in three-dimensional space. The perpendicular axes extend as spatial planes: XZ, XY,
and YZ. In the viewports, these planes correspond to three of the parallel projection
windows: Top, Front, and Right.
Imagine that the XZ, XY, and YZ planes are folded together like the top, front, and right side
of a box. This helps you keep a sense of orientation when you are working within the
parallel projection windows.
23
Chapter 1 Desktop
The Avid FX Windows
There are four main windows for viewing and accessing the tools and commands that you
need when working in Avid FX.
Controls
window
Project
window
Composite
window
Timeline
window
The four windows are interdependent. Changes made on the timeline, for example, are
visually updated in the Composite window. Values adjusted for each track on the timeline
are also seen in the Composite window.
There are other windows that you will work with from time to time depending on the task at
hand. These include a Text window for working with text properties and a Filter window,
which assists in the management of filters, and many more.
You can customize the appearance of your desktop by setting the background color, timeline
track color and other.
24
The Project Window
The Project Window
The Project window is the home to all your projects. This is where you organize all your
work to help you work efficiently. You can also use the Project window as a clipboard area to
save versions of a composition.When you start Avid FX, a copy of your current composition
is automatically added to the Project window. You can drag tracks or entire compositions
into this window at any time.
The Project window is divided into two areas: the top and lower part. The top part gives the
following information:
•
Clip Name: The clip or track name.
•
Clip Type: The type of track. You can add Shape Tracks, 3D Containers, and Title
Containers to the Project window.
•
Clip Size: The resolution size of the clip or track.
•
Clip Length: The track length in timecode.
•
Standard: The video standard, NTSC or PAL. This only applies to the Avid editing
system video.
Show/Hide
preview area
Upper part
displays clip and
track information
Add to Render
Queue button lets
you select a clip and
add it to the queue for
rendering.
The lower part
displays all clips and
compositions in one
of two views; it also
lists the items in
Render Queue.
25
Chapter 1 Desktop
In the Project Window you can:
•
Create new projects—see “Creating Projects” on page 150.
•
Open existing projects
•
Save projects to the Library Browser
•
Add, sort, or move tracks. You can also drag tracks and entire compositions—see
“Working with the Timeline Tracks” on page 41.
•
Save and rename compositions.
•
Batch import files to add to your composition and store them in the Project
window—see “Batch Importing Media Files” on page 140.
•
Save multiple versions of an effect. You can then add these to the Render Queue to
render in any order—see “Understanding the Render Queue” on page 575.
•
Consolidate a project by moving all files associated with that project, including the
original media files and Avid FX project file, into a single folder. You can then move the
folder onto another system in order to continue working on your project.
Changing the View Mode
In the Project window, there are two views that you can use to locate your images and
compositions: Frame view and List view. The Render Queue view displays all tracks and
compositions in the queue for rendering. Regardless of the view you are in, clicking on an
image will display its name, length, track type, and standard in the top part of the Project
Window.
Show/Hide Thumbnails
You can toggle thumbnails on or off in the Project window by clicking the Show/Hide
Thumbnails button. When thumbnails are disabled, Avid FX will open more quickly.
Project Window Disclosure Triangle
The Project window disclosure triangle allows you to hide the clip display in the upper part
of the Project window. Click the triangle to hide the display and increase the “real estate” of
the lower part of the project window.
Media Tab
The Media tab that displays all of source media used in the project. You can drag source
media directly from the Project window into the timeline.
26
The Project Window
The Frame view displays a
representative frame of each image or
composition.
The List view displays a
representative frame of the image or
composition in a list format with
details. You can sort according to the
name, length, type, and the standard
of the items.
Library Browser Window
The Library Browser window allows you to quickly preview and apply settings files from
the KeyFrame Library, including settings files that you add or customize. The KeyFrame
Library is a collection of preset effects that is automatically installed on your system when
you install Avid FX. You can add, remove, or change these settings files at any time.
n
You can open the Library Browser by choosing Window > Library Browser or clicking the
Open Library Browser button in the timeline.
27
Chapter 1 Desktop
Selected effect
Preview window
Quality, Preview,
and Effect buttons
Source Folder menu
Click a Category
folder to preview
the contents on the
right.
Comments
Template-mode
controls
Link to Boris FX
website
To add an effect:
1. Click the name of any folder in the Available Categories window.
Thumbnails of each effect in that folder appear in the Available Effects area.
2. The first time that you open a folder, click the Generate Thumbnails button.
3. Press Animate Thumbnail Preview to animate the thumbnail in the Preview window.
4. Click any thumbnail to select the effect.
A red box appears around the selected thumbnail.
5. Do one of the following:
t
Click the Insert button to place the selected effect into your current Avid editor
project.
t
Click the Open Project button to insert the effect into a new Avid FX project.
Template Mode
When using Avid FX as a plugin, you can opt to have only the Library Browser window
appear in the Avid FX user interface, providing a quick way to insert text effects or when
repeatedly applying the same preset. When in this Template mode, any selected effect is
applied automatically to the current sequence(s) in the Avid editor.
28
The Timeline Window
To display only the Library Browser window:
1. Click the yellow Template button to toggle Template mode.
The following text controls are available only in Template mode:
t
The red Insert Text button inserts the text into the Comments window into the text
graphic. Use the tab key to separate lines of text.
t
The green Replace Comments button allows you to type comments into the
Comments window, replacing the existing comments.
t
The blue Retrieve Comments button allows you to retrieve any comments
attached to the current effect.
2. Click Enter to apply the effect and return to the Avid editor.
The Timeline Window
The Timeline window is the area of the desktop where you develop effects and filters for you
composition and animate objects and effects. You can also import and place media on the
timeline, work with tracks such as marking in and out points, and work with shapes.
The Timeline window supports an unlimited number of tracks, which you can work with
independently from each other. They can also be reordered and nested in a container. A
container lets you layer objects and effects on the timeline. New tracks are added above the
currently selected track or at the top, if no track is selected.
Thanks to the Composition tabs, you can develop several compositions simultaneously and
switch back and forth between them as you work.
Every track in the timeline has two components: shape and media. When you select a shape
track, the corresponding shape controls appear in the Controls window. When you select a
face track, the corresponding Media tabs appear in the Controls window. Depending on
which media type is chosen, these tabs allows you to import, edit, and manipulate media.
The controls in the Media tabs vary depending on the currently chosen media type.
29
Chapter 1 Desktop
The main areas of the Timeline window are:
Timeline buttons and timecode area
includes all shape, media, and
container buttons. It also contains the
timecode display.
Timeline displays all tracks. It is
also where keyframes are added.
It is divided into the global and
local timeline.
Composition Tabs let you
switch between compositions.
Track name and control area
displays the name of the track and the
controls available for each track.
For descriptions of the buttons, see “The Timeline Buttons and Timecode Area” on page 30.
The Timeline Buttons and Timecode Area
The timeline includes a series of buttons that provide fast access to common commands.
30
The Timeline Window
Add Media buttons
Add Container buttons
Composition tabs
Add Object Track buttons
Add Paint Layer
Add Shape Track buttons
Motion Blur
Extruded Pencil
Show/Hide Mask
Smart View
•
Composition tabs let you develop and toggle between several compositions
simultaneously.
•
Add Media buttons create a new track with the specified media above the selected track
or at the top of the timeline, if you do not have a track selected. You can change the track
shape at any time—see “Add Media Buttons”.
•
Add Container buttons let you add a container or pre-composition to the timeline. Any
selected tracks are nested within the container or pre-composition—see “Working with
Containers” on page 239.
•
Add Object Track buttons let you add a track for a chart, from the Library Browser, an
audio file, an extruded shape, a motion path filter, or a page turn—see Chapter 7
“Working with Shapes”, for audio files see “Importing Audio Files” on page 144.
•
Add Shape Tracks buttons create a new track with the specified shape above the
selected track or at the top of the timeline, if you do not have a track selected. The media
depends on the shape type, but you can change it at any time. By default, the new track
is created in Single output mode—see Working with Shapes on page 305 and “The Face
Track” on page 37
•
The Add Paint Layer button creates a new paint track in the timeline, opens the paint
and drawing toolbar with the brush tool selected—see “Paint Controls” on page 559.
•
The Extruded Pencil button creates a new spline track in the timeline and opens the
paint and drawing toolbar with the pencil tool selected—see “Working with Spline
Object Media” on page 521.
•
The Show/Hide Mask Tracks toggles the display of mask tracks in the timeline.
31
Chapter 1 Desktop
•
The Smart View button toggles the display of only tracks that have been modified—see
“Using the Smart View” on page 32.
Timecode Display
All three timecode fields are editable. The only exception is for the Duration field if you are
using the Avid FX as a plug in. In this case, you should set the duration in the Avid editing
application. You can also change the way the timecode is displayed in the Preferences
window.
n
•
The Time field displays the timecode at the current position of the timeline. As you
scrub through the timeline, the field updates.
•
The Duration field displays the duration of the current effect. To change the duration of
a composition in the Project window, drag the composition to the timeline, change the
duration and then save the composition to the Project window.
If you want to preserve the absolute or relative positioning of pre-existing keyframes when
you change the duration, use the Keep Keyframe Time option when setting or changing
preferences. See “Setting Your Preferences” on page 137.
•
The KeyFrame field displays the time position of the currently selected keyframe. If
you enter a time position for a keyframe that does not exist at that timecode, the selected
keyframe moves there. If a keyframe already exists, then the keyframe replaces the
existing keyframe. You can also drag a keyframe to another keyframe to replace that
keyframe.
For descriptions of the buttons, see “Timeline Display Buttons” on page 80.
Using the Smart View
The Smart View lets you quickly display only the parameter tracks that were adjusted in
your effect. It is also useful if you want to alter effects from the Avid FX Library, since you
can quickly see which parameters were adjusted to create the effect. As you adjust additional
parameters, they are added to the display. You can also activate Smart View on a per tab
basis by clicking the Smart View button next to an individual tab.
Smart View button
Tab Smart View button
Only edited parameters
are displayed
32
The Timeline Window
The Global and Local Timeline
The global timeline at the top of the window represents the entire length of the effect. The
gray area represents the portion of the local Timeline that is currently visible. Drag the gray
area to change the visible portion of the timeline.
Position indicator also known as
the Current Time Indicator (CTI)
Cached frames
Global timeline
Visible local
timeline
Timecode in seconds
and frames
Keyframes
Local timeline
buttons
Timeline resolution
The local timeline provides timecode markers to indicate where tracks and keyframes are
positioned in time. The ruler across the top shows the time in seconds and frames.
Here are some useful pointers and associated buttons when using the timeline:
Button To
Do this
Zoom in on the contents of the Drag the slider to the right to increase the scale, or to the
timeline or zoom out to see
left to display the entire timeline
your entire composition
Center the display around the Click the Scroll to CTI (Current Time Indicator) button
position indicator, if you have or press Ctrl+Shift+Comma.
a long composition and cannot
If the timeline is active, press Comma.
display the entire timeline
View another section of the
timeline without moving the
position indicator
Use the horizontal scroll bar
Access the context menus
Right click the timeline
Zoom in on a one second
section of the timeline,
centered around the position
indicator.
Click the 1 Second Display button
Press Shift+click this button to scale the display up or
down by ten percent
33
Chapter 1 Desktop
Button To
Do this
Fit the entire timeline into the
current window size
Click the Size to Fit button.
Press Shift+click this button to scale the display up or
down by ten percent
Timeline Tracks
A timeline track has the following attributes:
Filter visibility
Preview
Media selection
Track name
Shape
Lock
Track visibility
Motion Blur
•
Track name: To rename a track, right-click it and select Rename.
•
Shape: Lets you select a shape from its menu. The default shape on any track is 3D
Plane.
•
Track visibility: Determines whether the track contents are visible in the Composite
window and rendered output.
All tracks are visible in
the Composite window
All tracks, except Track 2 are
visible in the Composite window
34
The Timeline Window
•
Filter visibility: Turns all filters on the track on and off. When it is on, the filtered
output is visible in the Composite window and in the rendered output—see “Viewing
Filters” on page 178.
•
Preview: Opens a preview window for a track, which shows the track’s content,
including the track’s shape and source media with any nested filters or masks.
As you work on one shape or container track in a complex composition, you can rapidly
preview the isolated element by closing the Composite window and opening a Preview
window for the shape or container track.
Composite
Preview
You can preview QuickTime movies by clicking the Preview button to open a
QuickTime Source Preview monitor—see “Previewing Effects” on page 192.
•
Motion Blur: Turns the motion blur on the track on and off. Turning on the motion blur
lets you adjust its parameters. in the Motion Blur tab.
Motion blur is especially memory-intensive. Try selecting a lower resolution or switch
the Composite window to Draft quality mode when creating a motion blur effect
•
Lock: Lets you lock and unlock a track. The track is unlocked by default. Locking it is if
you do not want to accidentally change its properties. When the track is locked, its
media and filter selection controls are grayed out
•
Media selection: Lets you select the type of media to use for the track. Each media type
displays a different icon in the timeline window.
Types of Timeline Tracks
There are four main types of tracks on the timeline that are used to create effects and
animation:
•
Shape track
•
Mask track
•
Transformations track
•
Face track
35
Chapter 1 Desktop
You can also apply filters using the filter tracks and nest tracks using container tracks. For
more information, see “Working with Effects and Filters” on page 172.
The Shape Track
The shape track is the most basic type of track in Avid FX. When you create a new effect and
start Avid FX, the tracks you see are all shape tracks. By default, these tracks use the 3D
Plane shape, a still or moving image that looks exactly the same as the source image in an
Avid editing application. Other shapes map the source image onto a 3D geometric solid,
such as a sphere or cube, transforming the media assigned to the shape. For more
information, see “Composite Window Controls” on page 71. Inside each shape track are
other tracks that affect the appearance and movement of the shape.
The Mask Track
A mask is a media file with an alpha (transparency) channel used to make areas in another
image transparent. Each shape and face track contains a mask track. When you apply a mask
to an image, the image becomes transparent wherever the mask’s alpha channel has a value
of 0 and remains opaque wherever the mask’s alpha channel’s value is 255. Intermediate
alpha channel values in the mask produce semitransparent areas.
Source Media
Mask with alpha
channel
See “Upstream and Downstream Masks” on page 179.
36
Masked output
The Timeline Window
The Transformations Track
The transformations track contains individual tracks for all the attributes of a shape. These
attributes correspond to the tabs in the Controls window when the shape track is selected.
n
Use the Smart View to display only the Transformations tracks which you adjusted. See
“Using the Smart View” on page 32
The Face Track
The face track contains tracks that determine the appearance of a shape’s face(s). For
example, the media track determines the media displayed on that face.
A 3D Plane shape has only one face. The other shapes have only one face track when in
Single Input mode. In this mode, the Sphere attribute uses one face track for inside and
outside faces, and the media on this track is used for all the faces of the shape.
Single Input mode
In Multi Input mode, all shapes except 3D Plane use additional face tracks to represent each
face of the shape (for example, the inside and outside surfaces of a sphere).
Multi Input mode
37
Chapter 1 Desktop
Each face track has media associated with it that is masked and filtered independently from
the shape. Each of the six faces of a cube could have different media, different filters, and
different masks. A mask or filter applied to a face track is known as an “upstream”
operation, because it takes place before shape transformations are applied. See “The Plug-In
Filter Manager” on page 188 and “Upstream and Downstream Masks” on page 179.
Each face track contains a media track and a mask track.
•
Media track: Defines the media associated with the face track—see “Working with
Media” on page 95.
•
Mask track: Applies a mask to the face—see “Working with Masks” on page 178.
Any track nested inside a shape’s face track is associated with that face’s media. You can
drag other shape tracks into a face track to associate that shape with the face track’s media.
In the following example, the Sphere and 3D Plane are separate shape tracks. You can
position, scale, and rotate the 3D Plane track independent of the sphere.
In the following example, the Sphere track is nested inside the 3D Plane shape’s face track.
Since the sphere is now part of the 3D Plane shape’s media, it moves and transforms as the
3D Plane moves and transforms.
38
The Timeline Window
Nested tracks
n
To switch between the shape and face tracks, use the Track Selector button in the Controls
window. See “Controls Window Buttons” on page 90.
Compositing on the Timeline
Compositing is the layering of images to produce one new integrated image. You can create
and add an unlimited number of tracks on the timeline. The result of the layering or
compositing of the tracks is displayed on the Composite window. Remember that the
overlaying clip must have an alpha channel for the composite to be displayed.
On the timeline, the media is composited from the bottom to the top. The bottom-most track
is known as the background track. You can use video from an Avid editing system as a
backdrop for your effect. Unlike the other shape tracks, you cannot animate or transform
background tracks in any way, nor can you filter or rename them. For this reason,
background tracks have no shape control tabs.
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Layering
is from
bottom
to top
Text track
Background track
+
=
Text track
Background track
Composited Result
Multiple Compositions in a Single Timeline Window
You can have multiple compositions accessible from the same timeline. This allows you to work
with multiple versions of a single composition and to try out different effects and parameter
changes on the same material, clicking back and forth to compare them.
When an additional composition is created or loaded into the timeline, a tab appears in the timeline
representing that composition. Click a composition’s tab to make it the active effect in the timeline.
Creating Compositions
You can create a new composition from any of the four main windows. The tracks in the
timeline are replaced with the new composition. You can only open a composition from the
timeline or the Project window.
To create a new composition:
t
From the Composition menu, select New Composition.
A new composition is added in the Project window.
To open a composition:
•
40
Use one of the following options to open a composition:
t
Double-click the appropriate composition in the Project window.
t
Select the composition in the Project window and select Composition > Open
Composition.
The Timeline Window
Saving Compositions
When you save a composition, Avid FX uses the frame at the location of position indicator
as the representative frame. To change the representative frame, move the position indicator
to the appropriate frame. The compositions are automatically saved in the Project window,
so if you mistakenly clear a composition from the timeline, you can undo or recover it from
the Project window.
To add an entire composition to the Project window:
•
From the Composition menu, select Save Composition.
To create multiple versions of a composition:
1. Select Composition > Save Composition Copy.
2. Rename the composition.
Later, if you want to discard changes and use a different version, open the composition
from the Project window.
To revert to the last saved version of a composition:
•
Select Composition > Revert Composition or press Ctrl+R.
Working with the Timeline Tracks
On the timeline window, you can create and rename tracks. You can also place in-points,
out-points and user marks on the timeline.
Creating a New Track
You can create an unlimited number of tracks on the timeline. The new track appears above
the currently selected track in the timeline or at the top if no track is selected.
To add a new track:
•
Do one of the following.
t
Click the appropriate timeline button to create a new 3D Container, Title Container,
or a new track of a specified shape or media type.
Add Media buttons
t
Add Container buttons
Select Track > New Shape, then select a shape from the menu.
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Reordering Tracks on the Timeline
You can change the order of tracks on the timeline, changing the way the tracks are
composited. The result is displayed on the Composite window.
In the example below, Track 1 and Track 2 occur higher than Burst in the timeline, so the
Track 1 and Track 2 images overlap the Burst image in the composite.
Burst was dragged to the position above Track 2 and it now overlaps the Track 2 image.
To reorder tracks:
•
Select the track and drag it to the desired position.
As you drag the track, a line appears to indicate the new position.
Sorting Tracks and Compositions
You can arrange tracks in numerical or alphabetical order, depending on which column of
information you select.
To sort tracks in List view:
•
Click a Column heading to sort the clips by the information in that column.
To sort tracks in Frame view:
•
Select the column from the Sort By menu.
The clips are arranged from left to right by the criteria that you select.
42
The Timeline Window
Selecting Tracks on the Timeline
Select a track to display its parameters in the Controls window.
Click to select a track or use the up and down arrow keys on the keyboard to move from
track to track. The selected track highlights in light blue. You can also select a track by
clicking that track’s visible media in the Composite window. The corresponding track on the
timeline is highlighted.
See “Track Control Buttons” on page 82 for a description of the track controls.
Saving Selected Tracks
You can save a single track or a group of tracks as a separate settings file. This is useful
when you want to use these tracks in a future project. For instance, if you want to separate a
foreground animation from the background tracks, you can select and save only the
foreground tracks in a separate file.
To save selected tracks:
1. Select the track(s) you want to save as a settings file.
2. From the File menu, select Save Selected Tracks.
3. In the dialog box, enter a name and click Save.
Adjusting Parameters on Multiple Tracks
You can apply parameter changes to multiple tracks. Here are some general rules:
•
All tracks must be on the same level. For example, the shape tracks must be at the top
level of the timeline or belong to the same container.
•
You cannot select multiple face or media tracks that are not nested within the same
shape track.
•
If you are making adjustments to multiple spline objects, they must be nested in the
same path.
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Resetting Tracks and Parameters
Reset button
There are several ways to reset individual tracks and parameters to their default settings.
To reset a parameter track to default state at a specific keyframe:
1. Select the track nested inside the transformations track for the parameter you want to
reset.
2. Do one of the following:
• Select Edit > Reset Parameter or press Ctrl+R.
• Press the Interpolation Field for the parameter in the Controls window and select
None.
• Click the Reset button on the bottom of the Controls window.
To reset a specific parameter to its default state at all keyframes:
1. Select the track for the parameter you want to reset.
2. In the Controls window, press the Interpolation Field for the parameter and select Reset.
To reset a track with multiple parameters to its default state:
1. Select the filter or shape track that you want to reset.
2. From the Edit menu, select Reset Filter or Reset Track, depending on the track.
To reset an entire tab to its default parameter settings:
1. Select the tab you want to reset.
2. From the Edit menu, select Reset Parameter Tab.
Renaming Tracks
Tracks are named by the name and type of media. For example, if you import a still image
file named Columns.pct, then the track is labelled Columns.pct. If you change the track
media type to a movie file named Fire.mov, the track is automatically renamed to Fire.mov.
Once you rename a track, it retains that name, even when you change its media.
To rename a track:
1. With the track selected, do one of the following:
t
44
From the Track menu, select Rename Track.
The Timeline Window
t
Right-click the track and select Rename Track
2. Enter a new name and press Enter.
n
You can also set the Use Track Counter preference to name tracks “Track 1,” “Track 2,” and
so forth. See “Behavior Tab” on page 159.
Nesting Tracks
You can break down complicated tasks into more manageable sections by nesting multiple
tracks. Another advantage is that you can place tracks within a hierarchy. When you apply a
filter, it creates a filter track nested inside a Shape track and one or more Shape tracks are
nested inside a 3D Container track.
Example 1 shows a Color Correction filter nested inside Track 1 which means that the filter
only affects the media on Track 1.
Example 2 shows the same Color Correction filter nested inside a 3D Container track which
means that the filter affects all of the Container’s contents, and therefore affects both Track 1
and Track 2.
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Chapter 1 Desktop
To nest tracks:
1. Drag the track you want to nest over another track.
2. When a black box appears around the track you are dragging to, drop the track.
n
When you perform any action on a track, you perform that action on its nested tracks as
well. For instance, if you delete a container, you also delete the tracks within it. To avoid
this, drag the nested tracks out of the track that contains them.
Marking In and Out-Points in the Timeline
In and out-points are set on a timeline to specify frames to render, export, preview to RAM,
or as reference points.
n
The Preview to RAM renders only the area specified between the in and out-points. Make
sure to position the marks before previewing to RAM.
When you open Avid FX, the in-point and out-point are automatically at the beginning and
end of the timeline, respectively. You can mark an in and out-point at a specific timecode. To
change the position of the in-point or out-point, you can drag the marker along the timeline.
In-point
Out-point
\
To create a new in or out-point:
1. Move the position indicator to where you want to place the in or out-point.
2. To mark an in-point, select Mark In/Out > Mark In.
3. To mark an out-point, select Mark In/Out > Mark Out.
To force the position indicator to an in or out-point:
•
Do the following:
• To move to the in-point, select Preview > Mark In/Out > Move position indicator to
Mark In.
• To move to the out-point, select Preview > Mark In/Out > Move position indicator to
Mark Out.
46
The Timeline Window
To delete an in or out-point:
1. Move the position indicator over the mark in the timeline.
2. Do the following:
• To remove the in-point, select Preview > Mark In/Out > Clear Mark In.
• To remove the out-point, select Preview > Mark In/Out > Clear Mark Out.
• To remove all marks from the timeline, select Preview > Mark In/Out > Clear Marks.
Using User Marks on the Timeline
Use user marks for marking a location or reference point on the timeline. They are also
useful when you want to synchronize or align your media. User marks created in your Avid
editor appear in Avid FX. As you create user marks using the User Mark window, you can
add comments and color code them for easy reference. After you’ve placed all your user
marks on the timeline, you can jump from one to the next, arrange them in numerical or
alphabetical order, depending on the column of information you select.
User marks are shown on the timeline by default. To turn them off, see “Setting Your
Preferences” on page 137.
To add a user mark on the timeline:
1. Move the position indicator to the point at which you want the user mark to be placed.
2. Select Window > Show User Marks Window.
3. Click the Add Mark button.
A colored indicator appears on the timeline.
4. Click the Color button and select a color from the menu.
This will change the color of the indicator on the timeline.
5. Optional: Enter a comment. Any comments appear in the Composite and Preview
windows when the CTI is on that mark and as a cursor popup on the timeline.
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Chapter 1 Desktop
To move a user mark:
•
Do one of the following:
t
Drag the user mark on the timeline to the new position.
t
In the User Mark window, select the user mark and enter a new timecode in the
Timecode field.
To jump from one user mark to another:
•
Do one of the following:
t
In the User Mark window, double-click the user mark.
t
On the timeline, right-click the user mark and select Go to Next Mark or Go to
Previous Mark.
t
From the Track menu, select User Marks > Go to Next Mark or Go to Previous
Mark.
t
Press Alt+L to go to the next mark or Alt+J to go to the previous mark.
To sort user marks:
t
In the User Marks window, click the appropriate Column heading to sort the marks by
the information in that column.
The choices are Color, Type, Timecode, and Comments. User Marks are arranged from
top to bottom by the criteria that you select.
Using Context Menus with User Marks
You can use context menus to delete, move to the next or previous User Mark, or open the
User Mark window.
To use context menus with user marks:
1. Press the Control key and right-click a User Mark to open its context menu.
2. Select the appropriate menu item:
• Delete User Mark
• Go to Next User Mark
• Go to Previous User Mark
• Open User Mark Window
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The Timeline Window
Sliding Tracks in the Timeline
You can slide tracks in the timeline by selecting the Shape track and dragging to the left or
right in the timeline. This changes the duration of a track, moves the keyframes. When
sliding the track, the keyframes can move out of the timeline, however the parameters set for
this keyframe are still valid.
Active area
A1
A2
1
A3
2
3
4
5
B1
B2
B3
3
4
5
B3
Slide track right or left
If rolled to
the right...
A1
A2
A3
A1
A4
A2
A5
A3
1
2
To slide a track:
•
Drag the Shape track.
This example shows sliding where keyframes move. The Video 1 track has three
keyframes. The Video 1 track is selected and dragged to the left, shortening the track.
The first keyframe is no longer visible but if you drag the track back, the keyframe
becomes visible.
Sliding while Preserving the Keyframe Time
You can use the slide feature to change a track’s duration while preserving the relative
positioning of the keyframes. This is equivalent to changing the duration of an effect with
the Keep Keyframe Time preference selected.
To shorten the Video 1 track to one second and preserve the keyframe positions:
1. Add keyframes to the track.
The Video 1 track has a three second duration.
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Chapter 1 Desktop
2. Deselect all the keyframes.
3. Press Ctrl key and drag the left most keyframe to the right.
The track’s duration changes and the keyframes are repositioned.
Sliding without Affecting Nested Tracks
You can slide selected tracks without affecting nested tracks.
To slide without affecting nested tracks:
•
Press Ctrl+clicking a Shape track to slide the selected track(s) but not nested tracks.
For information on nesting tracks, see Nesting Tracks on page 45.
Slipping Movies in the Timeline
Slipping a movie in the timeline will not change its duration, but the contents relative to
earlier and later material will change. Imagine looking through a train window as the
landscape slides by. The size of the window always remains the same, but the view keeps
changing.
Active area
Before
After
1
2
Slip movie right or left
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
When you slip a shot, the start time changes and the number of frames that you slipped
appear in the timeline. Slipping has no affect on the keyframes in the track.
50
The Composite Window
To slip a movie:
1. Drag the cursor over the Face track in the timeline.
The cursor changes to a hand.
2. Drag the movie to the position you want.
The timeline updates to display the number of frames that you moved the movie and the
Start Time updates in the Movie Media tab.
The Composite Window
The Composite window displays the composited effect as it appears in the rendered output.
Controls in this window allow you to preview the effect and adjust the quality, resolution,
and size of the frame while you’re working to speed preview time. To facilitate working in
full 3D space, the Composite window features on-screen interactors known as OpenGL
interactors, which allow you to manipulate the position and size of the object and its motion
path. For more information, see Composite Window Controls on page 71.
The Info window contains information on the cursor position and the color information in
the Composite window, the frame rate of the effect, and its estimated render time. For more
information, see “Info Window” on page 92.
To open the Composite window:
•
From the Window menu, select Composite window or press Ctrl + 3.
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Open GL
interactor
(Position Y)
Open GL
interactor
(Position Z)
Open GL
interactor
(Position X)
A B C D E F G H I
J KL M N O P Q R S T U V W
A Show/Hide Timeline
I Loop Preview
Q Frame Forward
B Add Keyframe
J Move to Start
R 10-Frame Forward
C Quality
K 10-Frame Back
S Create User Mark
D Resolution
L Frame Back
T Go to Previous User Mark
E Zoom In
M Play Reverse
U Go to Next User Mark
F Zoom Out
N Stop
V Color Depth
G Channel
O Play Forward
W Add to Render Queue
H Controls
P Interactors
The OpenGL Interactors
OpenGL is a standard designed to dramatically improve the speed and interactivity of 2D
and 3D previews. In OpenGL, there are three sets of on-screen interactor controls that let
you position, scale, and rotate tracks. The red interactor represents the X axis, green
represents the Y axis, and blue represents the Z axis.
52
The Composite Window
The interactors appear in the Composite window when you select a track in the timeline.
They appear semitransparent to indicate that you are working in software OpenGL mode and
opaque in hardware OpenGL mode.
To hide or display the interactors:
•
Select Preview > OpenGL Interactors > Show Interactor or press G.
Turning Off the OpenGL mode
When you want to manipulate light sources, targets, camera positions, and pivot point, you
must turn the interactor off. You can still move the image by using the position point.
Position point
To turn off the OpenGL mode:
•
From the Composite window, select Preview > OpenGL mode > Off.
Optimizing OpenGL Acceleration
In OpenGL mode, you cannot see non-accelerated objects when you use the on-screen
interactor controls. As you adjust the interactors, the Composite window displays the
message “Accelerated Draft Preview” to indicate that you are not seeing all objects. When
you release the mouse, the Composite window will display all objects. You can also press
the Alt or Option key while you interact.
Non-accelerated objects include: filters, masks, bump maps, reflection maps, cast shadows,
apply modes, cropping, and opacity. Depending on the complexity of your effect, you may
not see lights and texture tracks.
Quality and Resolution Modes
The quality mode you set in the Composite window will determine the speed and quality of
the interaction in the window. There are two modes:
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•
Draft quality mode: The Composite window switches to Draft mode when you use the
interactors. You will find that the manipulations of 3D Plane tracks, Spline Objects,
Spline Primitives, and 3D Extrusion tracks are dramatically speeded. When you use the
on-screen interactors, the Composite window will switch to Draft quality mode.
•
High quality mode: The interactors appear semitransparent to indicate that you are
working in software OpenGL mode. When you release the mouse, the Composite
window operates in High quality mode.
Change Preview
Quality button
Change Preview
Resolution button
The resolution mode determines the amount and degree of detail in an image. It will affect
size of the media and the processing times. The higher the resolution, the larger the media
and the longer the processing time. There are three modes:
54
•
Full: The image is displayed at full resolution. It is a good idea to use this setting when
rendering your final effect.
•
Half: The image is displayed with only half the pixels of the original image. It is
rendered at half resolution.
•
Quarter: The image is displayed with only one fourth the pixels of the original image.
It is rendered at quarter resolution.
The Composite Window
To set the quality mode:
1. Click the Change Preview Quality button.
2. Select the quality mode.
To set the resolution mode:
1. Click the Change Preview Resolution button.
2. Select the resolution mode.
Using Grids and Guides
The grid consists of evenly spaced points that you can use to align objects to each other or to
the sides of a scene.
Guides are vertical or horizontal lines in the Composite window to help you position or align
objects relative to each other and to the edges of the viewable area.
Grids and guides are not visible in the final sequence.
To create a grid:
1. Select Window > Show Grids and Guides Palette.
The Options Palette open to the Grids and Guides tab.
2. Enter the number of grid cells and the sensitivity.
Snap Sensitivity X and Snap Sensitivity Y set the sensitivity of the Snap to Grid and
Guide features on the horizontal and vertical axes, respectively. Higher values increase
sensitivity, causing the snap features to affect objects farther from the guides or grid.
3. Select the Snap to Grid checkbox or Snap to Guides checkbox to align objects
automatically with grid or guide lines when positioning in the Composite window.
To show or hide the grid:
t
Select Preview > Mark > Grid.
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Chapter 1 Desktop
To add guides:
1. Select Preview > Controls > Rulers to display the rulers in the Composite window.
2. To create a horizontal guide, click in the ruler at the top of the screen and drag down to
the desired location.
3. To create a vertical guide, click in the ruler on the left side of the screen and drag right to
the desired location.
To show or hide guides:
•
Select Preview > Show Guides/Hide Guides
To move an existing guide:
•
Press the Control key while clicking and dragging the guide in the Composite window.
To delete a guide:
1. Press the Control key.
2. Move the cursor over the guide in the Composite window.
3. Press Delete.
Snapping to Guides and Grids
The snap feature helps to precisely position objects by aligning them with guide lines or
grids when the object is placed. You can also select these features in the Preferences
window.
To snap to a guide or grid line:
n
56
•
To snap to a grid line, choose Preview > Snap to Grid.
•
To snap to guide lines, choose Preview > Snap to Guides.
You can also set the snap properties in the Preview tab of the Preferences window. See
“Preview Tab” on page 166.
The Composite Window
Aligning Objects in the Composite Window
You can align two or more objects with respect to other objects or the action/title safe area.
The following example shows the original composition with four separate objects.
To align objects:
1. Shift-select two or more tracks in the timeline (or their corresponding images in the
Composite window).
2. Select Track > Align Selected.
3. Select one of the following:
• Top: Aligns the top edge of each object to the top edge of the object that is highest.
• Bottom: Aligns the bottom edge of each object to the bottom edge of the object that is
lowest.
• Left: Aligns the left edge of each object to the left edge of the leftmost object.
• Right: Aligns the right edge of each object to the right edge of the rightmost object.
• Horizontal: Aligns the center of each object horizontally to the object that is closest to
the center of the Composite window.
• Vertical: aligns the center of each object vertically to the object that is closest to the
center of the Composite window.
Aligned bottom
Aligned left
Aligned horizontal
Aligned vertical
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Distributing Objects
The Distribute Selected menu is similar to the Align Selected menu except that it requires at
least three objects. The two extreme objects are distributed so that if five objects are
selected, the two extreme objects do not move and the other three are distributed evenly
between them.
To distribute objects:
1. Shift-select three or more tracks in the timeline (or their corresponding images in the
Composite window).
2. Select Track > Distribute Selected. The example shows the original composition with
four separate objects.
c
b
a
d
3. Select one of the following:
• Top: Moves the objects up or down so that the top edge of each object is evenly
distributed between the top edge of the two extreme objects. In the example, objects a
and d are the extreme objects.
• Bottom: Moves the objects up or down so that the bottom edge of each object is
evenly distributed between the bottom edge of the two extreme objects. In the
example, objects a and c are the extreme objects.
• Left: Moves the objects left or right so that the left edge of each object is evenly
distributed between the left edge of the two extreme objects. In the example, objects a
and d are the extreme objects.
• Right: Moves the objects left or right so that the right edge of each object is evenly
distributed between the right edge of the two extreme objects. In the example, objects
a and b are the extreme objects.
• Horizontal: Moves the objects horizontally (only) so that their centers distribute
evenly between the centers of the two extreme objects. The two extreme object’s
centers are leftmost and rightmost on the screen. In the example, objects a and c are
the extreme objects.
58
The Composite Window
• Vertical: Moves the objects vertically (only) so that their centers distribute evenly
between the centers of the two extreme objects. The two extreme object’s centers are
highest and lowest on the screen. In the example, objects a and d are the extreme
objects.
Distributed
bottom
Distributed
right
Distributed
horizontal
Distributed
vertical
Transforming Objects using the OpenGL Interactors
Using the OpenGL interactors, you can transform objects by translating, rotating, or scaling.
Just be sure to select the object you want to transform on the timeline. The tip of the
interactors will change depending on how you are transforming the object.
n
To scale or rotate an image you can enable the Shape control option in the On-screen menu,
even with the interactors displayed.
Translating an Object
You can move an image in any of the X, Y, or Z axes using the interactors. Translating an
object along the X axis moves it from left to right; along the Y axis, up and down; along the
Z axis, it moves from front to back.
If you’re already working in the Open GL inactive mode, you can also translate the object.
To translate an object:
1. Select Preview > OpenGL Interactors > Transform Interactor.
2. In the Composite window, drag the interactor depending on the axis you want to move
the object along.
The corresponding Position X, Y, or Z values update in the Controls window as you drag
the interactor around the window.
To translate an object when not in OpenGL mode:
•
Use the Position Point to reposition objects along the X and Y axes.
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Position Point
n
You can also use the Left and Right arrows on your keyboard to nudge the position. Press
Shift+Right or Shift+Left arrow key to nudge by 10 points. You can also press Shift and
select multiple objects to nudge simultaneously.
To reposition a track in multiple axes:
1. Select the image.
2. Drag the image in any direction.
Rotating an Object
You can spin, tumble, or rotate an object around any of the three axes.
The X,Y, and Z (tumble, spin, and rotate) are calculated in a particular order that often
affects the results. The rotation order is user selectable making it possible to change the
rotation order to enable a particular desired effect more easily. This also makes it possible to
easily match the results of a rotation effect created in another application that uses a different
rotation order.
When you are creating static rotations, the order is not important; the final image matches
the appearance in the Composite window. The rotation order becomes important when you
create animated rotations. You can set the order in the Position tab of the Controls window.
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The Composite Window
To rotate an object:
1. Select Preview > OpenGL Interactors > Rotate Interactor.
Circles appear at the end of the interactors to indicate that you can rotate the image.
2. Select the track of the object you want to rotate and do the following:
To
Do This
Spin the object around the X axis
Drag the green interactor
Tumble the object around the Y axis
Drag the red interactor
Rotate the object around the Z axis
Drag the yellow interactor
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Chapter 1 Desktop
The corresponding Tumble X, Spin Y, or Rotate Z values update in the Controls window
as you drag the interactors.
The text “Clover” is rotated
n
To allow freeform rotation, click the object and rotate it around that axis.
Scaling an Object
Scaling an object adjusts its width and height. In addition to OpenGL interactors, you can
also use the Shape Controls option from the Onscreen Controls menu.
To scale an object:
1. Select Preview > OpenGL Interactors > Scale Interactor.
Squares appear at the end of the interactors to indicate that you can scale the image.
2. Drag the interactor or side handle, depending on whether you want scale it on the X or Y
axis. To preserve the aspect ratio of the object, drag the corners.
n
62
You cannot scale on the Z axis unless you are working with a 3D Container. For more
information, see “Working with 3D Containers” on page 240.
The Controls Window
Viewing the Channels of an Image
You can display the RGB, red, green, blue, or alpha component of an image in the
Composite window.
The alpha channel specifies the transparency of each pixel allowing portions of the
foreground image to reveal or block out the background image when two images are
composited. You may find it useful to display the alpha channel of your image when
compositing, so that you can monitor the matte of an image. It is also useful when working
with masks or filters that create an alpha channel.
To view the channel of an image:
1. Select the track in the timeline.
2. In the Composite window controls, click the Change Preview Channels button.
3. Select the channel you want to view.
The Controls Window
The Controls window displays all parameters for the selected track, organized by tabs. The
display in the window is contextual, so the parameters vary depending on the selection on
the timeline. The Controls window allows you to adjust the values for each parameter and
choose how to interpolate those values between keyframes. If no track is selected, the
window is empty.
All shape tracks have parameters specific to that shape, and each filter you apply creates a
filter track with its own set of parameters. The buttons at the bottom of the Controls window
provides fast access to common commands. For descriptions of the buttons, see “Controls
Window Buttons” on page 90.
The Controls window also lets you to:
•
Adjust the values for each parameter using the text box and sliders, and
•
Select how to interpolate those values between keyframes.
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Tabs
Recenter Position Point
Slider
Lock
Interpolation
field
Dial control
Revolutions
Degrees
Toggle between default
animation and static
Creates a
Text Path
Resets the
tab.
Import External Media
Toggles between the
Face and Shape in
the Timeline.
Toggles a Reflection
Map Track on or off.
Toggles a Texture
Track on or off.
The Analyze button
generates motion tracking
Toggles Drop data.
Shadows on or off.
Creates a Text Backdrop.
Toggle Wireframe
Adjusting Values in the Control Window
Some parameters allow values higher than the range of the slider. If you enter a number that
exceeds the possible value range, a dialog box will display the minimum and maximum
values for the parameter.
There are three ways to set and adjust values:
•
Slider: Drag the slider or scrub the numerical field.
•
Text box: Manually enter the values.
•
Dial Control: Use the control to adjust the values for parameters measured in degrees,
such as angles or hue values around the color wheel. Drag the needle around the dial to
adjust the value.
Most dial controls have separate numerical fields for revolutions and degrees, allowing
you to animate parameters over values greater than 360°. If you enter 2 in the
Revolutions field, the object would rotate twice.
Dial Controls also include the following shortcuts:
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-
Press the Shift key to round to the nearest 45 degrees.
-
Press Control to round to the nearest 10 degrees.
The Controls Window
-
Press Shift-Control to round to the nearest 5 degrees.
-
Press Shift-Control and use the mouse wheel to round to the nearest 45 degrees.
When tracking with a mouse wheel on dial controls, you can use the following
modifiers:
-
Use the mouse wheel with no modifier keys to move in 1 degree increments.
-
Press the Shift key and use the mouse wheel to round to the nearest 10 degrees.
-
Press Control and use the mouse wheel to round to the nearest .1 degrees.
Resetting Values
All horizontal and vertical position controls have a Reset button to reset the position of the
object or attribute to the center of the frame.
Locking Values
When you want to keep parameter values equal when their settings are adjusted, you can
lock them. Scale X and Scale Y controls are locked by default to preserve the object’s aspect
ratio, and Crop settings are locked to achieve a crop of equal size on all sides.
A lock button appears next to the first of any set of parameters that are locked together.
When the lock icon is closed, adjusting any locked parameter adjusts all of the parameters to
which it is locked. When the lock icon is open, you can adjust each parameter independently.
Static Spline Checkbox
To prevent the spline from animating, in the Animation tab select the Static checkbox.
Alternatively, you can select the Animate/Static toggle button.
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Customizing the Desktop
You can easily customize the look of your desktop by setting color preferences, resizing
windows. You can also assign keyboard shortcuts to facilitate a smoother workflow.
Creating Custom Workspaces
Create and save custom workspaces including the arrangement and size of windows. Set up
your workspaces according to the tasks that you do.
Use the Workspace menu to save custom window setups.
To save a custom workspace:
1. Arrange the windows for the required task.
2. Select Windows > Workspace > Save.
3. In the dialog box that appears, type a name for your workspace and click OK or press
Enter.
The name appears in the Workspace submenu.
To switch between workspaces:
•
Select Windows > Workspace > workspace name.
To return to the default workspace:
•
Select Window > Workspace > Snap All Home or press Ctrl+.
Creating Keyboard Shortcuts
You can create savable keyboard shortcuts for any Avid FX menu command.
Shortcuts that use a single key or that are modified with Shift do not apply when you are
inputting text. Any time you use the Text tool in the Text window or rename tracks, you
cannot activate shortcuts. When you finish typing, you can use shortcuts.
To create custom shortcuts:
1. Select Edit > Shortcuts.
The Shortcuts window appears.
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The Controls Window
2. Select a command on the left side of the window.
3. Enter the new shortcut on the right side of the window. You can enter a Key or a
combination of a Key and Modifier(s).
4. Click Save after you enter the appropriate shortcut.
5. When you finish entering shortcuts, click OK to save your changes.
The changes do not take effect until you quit and relaunch Avid FX.
Saving Shortcuts as a File
You can save your keyboard shortcuts as a file so that you can transfer your settings to other
Avid editing systems.
To save custom shortcuts:
1. Select Edit > Shortcuts.
The Shortcuts window appears.
2. Click the Save Shortcuts button at the top of the Shortcuts window.
3. In the dialog box that appears, type a name for the shortcut and navigate to the folder
where you want to save the shortcuts file.
4. Click Save.
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Opening Shortcuts Files
You can open saved shortcuts created on other Avid editing systems.
To open saved shortcuts:
1. Select Edit > Shortcuts.
The Shortcuts window appears.
2. Click the Open Shortcuts button at the top of the Shortcuts window.
3. Navigate to the appropriate Shortcuts file and click OK.
The changes do not take effect until you quit and relaunch Avid FX.
Restoring Default Shortcuts
If at any point you are not content with the custom shortcuts, you can return to the default
settings.
To restore default shortcut settings:
1. Select Edit > Shortcuts.
The Shortcuts window appears.
2. Click the Restore Defaults button at the top of the Shortcuts window.
3. In the confirmation dialog box that appears, click OK.
The changes do not take effect until you quit and relaunch Avid FX.
Rearranging Windows
You can resize and move all the Avid FX windows in the interface using the following
commands:
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68
•
Zoom Window. Select Window > Zoom Window or Ctrl+/ (Windows) to toggle the
active window between its current size and the smallest size in which it can display all
its contents.
•
Snap All Home. Select Window > Snap All Home or Ctrl+ to move and resize all
windows in the interface to their default positions and sizes.
The Snap All Home command does not toggle your windows back to the previous position
and size but to the default position and size.
The Controls Window
Renaming in the Project Window
To rename in the Project window:
1. Select the track or composition in the Project window.
2. Select Composition > Rename Composition.
3. Type a new name and press Enter.
n
You can also rename items by selecting them, pressing Enter, typing the name and pressing
Return or Enter again.
Deleting from the Project Window
To delete a track or composition from the Project window:
•
Click to select the item and click the Trash button.
The track is deleted from the Project window, but not from the timeline.
Mouse Wheel Support
Support for mouse scroll wheels is included on Windows platforms. Select the Mouse Wheel
Zoom option in the Preference Interface tab to allow you to use a mouse wheel. See Tools
Tab on page 160.
•
In the Composite window, use the mouse wheel to adjust magnification. Hold the cursor
over a position in the Composite window and use the wheel to zoom the position. The
cursor position becomes the new center point. If you press the Shift key, the Composite
window zooms to exactly fit the image.
•
On the left side of the timeline, use the mouse wheel to scroll tracks up and down. Press
the Shift key to double the scrolling amount.
•
On the right side of the timeline, use the mouse wheel to move the position indicator by
one frame. Press the Shift key to move 10 frames. Press Alt to scroll to the next or
previous keyframe on the selected track. Press Ctrl to scroll the display without moving
the position indicator.
Undoing and Redoing Actions
To correct errors while you're working, you can undo and redo any number of operations.
For example, you can recover the properties of an object that you recently edited by undoing
the commands that you just applied.
You can set the maximum number of possible undos when setting preferences. See “Setting
Your Preferences” on page 137.
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To undo an action, do one of the following:
•
From the Edit menu, select Undo
•
Press Ctrl+Z.
If the last operation cannot be undone, the Can’t Undo option will be enabled.
To redo an action:
•
From the Edit menu, select Redo
•
Press Ctrl+R.
If the operation cannot be redone, the Can’t Redo option will be enabled.
Using the History Palette
The History Palette provides a history of all the actions that you have made in the timeline
and Controls window. You can use it revert to a specific action.
To undo an action:
1. From the Window menu, select Show History Palette.
2. Click the appropriate action in the window.
All the actions up to and including the selected action are undone.
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The Controls Window
Composite Window Controls
This section describes the buttons found in the Composite window:
•
Playback Controls on page 71
•
Preview Controls on page 72
•
Other Composite Window Controls on page 72
•
On-Screen Controls on page 73
Playback Controls
Moves the CTI to the start position.
Moves the CTI back 10 frames
Frame Back moves the CTI one frame backward in time. The keyboard shortcut for
this button is Page Up.
Play in reverse
Stops the playback
Play
Frame Forward moves the CTI one frame forward in time. The keyboard shortcut
for this button is Page Down.
Moves the CTI forward 10 frames
Moves the CTI to the end position.
The Loop button provides three ways to play back the moving effect:
Plays the sequence through, then repeats from the beginning. The loop continues
until you stop the preview.
Plays the sequence through, then plays it back in reverse. The loop continues until
you stop the preview.
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Plays the sequence through once and then stops.
Preview Controls
The Toggle Timeline button toggles the timeline display on and off. This is
useful if you want to close the timeline to make more room for other windows.
The Add Keyframe button adds a keyframe at the current CTI location
Quality chooses between yellow for Draft and green for High. Draft quality
produces a jagged image but speeds preview time. Use High quality to antialias
your image.
Resolution chooses between Full, Half, and Quarter. Lower resolution settings
speed previews. For example, if your project is 640x486, Half resolution displays a
320x243 image.
Channel sets the image channels that are displayed. Select the RGB, Red, Green,
Blue or Alpha channels. Alpha channel is useful when working with masks or
filters that create an alpha channel.
Scale sets the preview size. A setting of 50% creates a preview half the size of the
full-size image. The smaller scale allows you to use lower resolution without losing
quality to speed preview time. Press the Shift key and choose a Scale setting to
zoom the Composite window to exactly fit the image.
Other Composite Window Controls
The Create User Mark button marks a location in the timeline. User Marks are
associated with the timecode where you add them, not with a particular frame. A
colored indicator appears in the timeline for each timecode that you mark. The Go
to Next User Mark and Go to Previous User Mark buttons move to the next
and previous user mark respectively.
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The Controls Window
The Color Depth button sets the color depth for your project. 16-bit-per-channel
mode makes a larger range of colors available. When you work with gradients for
film effects or HDTV output, 16-bit-per-channel mode means that transitions
between colors display less banding, and more detail is preserved. Using an 8-bit
effect in a 16-bit project will result in a loss of detail.
To optimize performance, create your effect in 8-bit, save a preset and then render a
16-bit file for maximum quality. However, you should preview the final effect to
make sure that it appears correct. Even if you work with 8-bit media, in some
instances your images may look better in 16 bit, particularly when you use multiple
filters or a complex filter with multiple inputs.
The Add to Render Queue button adds the effect in the timeline to the
Render Queue.
On-Screen Controls
T
h
e on-screen controls are accessed
You can position attributes such as light sources and targets, object centers, and camera
position. You can also view and manipulate an object’s motion path, spin, tumble, and scale
shapes, and view rulers to accurately position objects and attributes.
from the Controls button in
Composite window.
These controls do the following:
•
Shape – displays a border at the edges of the shape. You can drag the handles to scale
the image. Drag the corners to adjust the Scale X and Y simultaneously to preserve the
aspect ratio of the object. Drag any of the side handles to scale the image on that axis.
•
Position Point – displays the Position Points for attributes such as object position, light
sources and targets, camera position, and pivot point.
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When you select Position Point, the blue Position Point appears. The corresponding
parameter’s X and Y values update in the Controls window as you drag the Position
Point around the screen.
Shift+drag the Position Point to constrain the movement horizontally;
Option+Shift+drag to constrain the movement vertically.
Position Point moves the
object.
n
When you work in OpenGL mode, instead of using the Position Point, you use the OpenGL
interactors to position a track. See The OpenGL Interactors on page 52 for details.
•
Motion Path – displays the animated object path as it moves through 3D space. The path
consists of a number of white dots that represent the object’s position at each frame in
the effect.
If you choose Ease In/Out, Jitter, Swing or Bounce as the interpolation type, you can
drag bézier handles to adjust the curve of the path at each point at which a keyframe is
set in the timeline.
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The Controls Window
Bézier handles adjust the curve of
the motion path.
•
Rulers –displays rulers along the left and top edges of the Composite window. Rulers
show the length and width of the screen in pixels allowing you to precisely position
object attributes on screen.The rulers appear slightly different depending on whether or
not you have OpenGL enabled.
The rulers also allow you to create guides.
•
Checkerboard – sets the background of the Composite window. When you select
Checkerboard, the background uses a checkerboard pattern to represent transparent
areas. Deselect the Checkerboard and the background uses the color set in the
Preferences window. See Preview Tab.
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•
Title Safe – displays guides that help ensure that your titles and images are not cut off or
distorted when viewed on a television monitor. The inner bounding box represents the
Title Safe area. The outer bounding box represents the Action Safe area. You can define
the size of these areas. See Preview Tab on page 166.
•
Grid – displays an on-screen grid in the Composite window that you can use to help
position and align objects.
The Controls Window
Timeline Window Buttons
The timeline includes a series of buttons which provide fast access to common commands.
These buttons do the following tasks:
•
Add Media buttons add media to the track—see Add Media Buttons on page 77
•
Add Container buttons add containers or pre-compositions to the timeline—see Add
Container Buttons on page 78
•
Add Shape Track buttons create a new track with the selected shape—see Add Shape
Track Buttons on page 79
•
Timeline Display Buttons on page 80
Add Media Buttons
The Add Media buttons create a new track with the specified media. The track shape
depends on the media type, but you can change it once you create the track. The new track is
created above the selected track or at the top of the timeline if no track is selected.
The Add EPS Media button creates a 3D Line Art track with EPS media. A
dialog box appears to let you choose the EPS file.
Precompose or add Precomposition button adds a precomposition track.
For information on working with precompositions, see “Working with PreCompositions” on page 181.
The Add Spline Primitive Media button creates a 3D Line Art track in the
timeline with Spline Primitive media.
The Add Spline Object Media button creates a 3D Line Art track. The
Brush tool is dimmed because you cannot create Brush strokes with the 3D
Line Art shape.
The Add Color Media button creates a 3D Plane track with Color media.
The Add Gradient Media button creates a 3D Plane track with Gradient
media.
The Add Natural Media button creates a 3D Plane track with Natural
media.
The Add Still Image Media button creates a 3D Plane track with Still
Image File media. When you click this button, a dialog box lets you choose
the still image file.
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The Add Movie Media button creates a 3D Plane track with Movie media.
When you click this button, a dialog box lets you choose the movie file.
The Add Text Page button creates a 3D Plane track. When you click this
button the Text window opens. The resulting text is a bitmap. See
Understanding Vector Graphics and Bitmaps for more information.
The Add Vector Text Media button creates a 3D Line Art track with Text
media. When you click this button, the Text window opens.
The Add 3D Extrusion Text Media button creates a 3D Extrusion track
with Text media. When you click this button, the Text window opens.
The Add Paint Layer button creates a 3D Plane track with Spline Object
media. When you click the track, the Tool window opens with the Brush
tool selected.
The Add 3D Chart button creates a 3D Chart Container track. The default
is a bar chart, but from the Controls window you can also specify a Pie,
Line, or Filled Line chart. You control the appearance and behavior of a
chart by editing the parameters in the Controls window. See “Working with
3D Chart Containers” on page 270.
The Open Library Browser button opens the Library Browser to let you
add a setting to the timeline from the Keyframe Library. For more
information, see “The KeyFrame Library and the Library Browser” on
page 184.
The Add Audio Track button creates an audio track. When you click this
button, a dialog box appears to let you choose the audio file.
The Add 3D Extrusion button creates a 3D Extrusion track with Spline
Primitive media.
The Add Extruded Pencil button creates a 3D Extrusion track with Spline
Object media. When you click the track, the Tool window opens with the
Pencil tool selected.
Add Container Buttons
The Add Container buttons let you add a container to the timeline. Selected tracks are nested
within the container or pre-composition. If no tracks are selected, the container is created at
the top of the timeline. You can also drag tracks into the container.
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The Controls Window
3D model
container
Container
Title container
Add Shape Track Buttons
The Add Shape Track buttons create a new track with the specified shape. The new track is
created above the selected track or at the top of the timeline if no track is selected. The
media depends on the Shape type, but you can change it once you create the track. By
default, the new track is created in Single Input mode, but you can change to Multi Input
mode. See Working with Shapes on page 305.
The Add 3D Plane button creates a 3D Plane track in the timeline with
Video media.
The Add 3D Sphere button creates a Sphere track in the timeline with
Video media.
The Add Cube button creates a Cube track in the timeline with Video
media.
The Add Cylinder button creates a Cylinder track in the timeline with
Video media.
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Timeline Display Buttons
Button
Name
Description
Global Motion Blur
Toggles the visibility of motion blur off and
on for all tracks in the timeline. Also lets you
apply motion blur without displaying it in the
Composite window. When Global Motion
Blur is off, all tracks appear without motion
blur in the Composite window and in the
rendered output.
The track-based motion blur does not affect
motion within the media, it only affects the
motion of the track.
Motion blur can slow previewing and
rendering, turning off the visibility of motion
blur speeds previews.
The Global Motion Blur button affects all
compositions in the Render Queue. Restore
the motion blur visibility before rendering to
maintain motion blur in the rendered effects.
Also see Blurring an Image on page 310.
Smart View buttons
Toggles Smart View on and off—see “Using
the Smart View” on page 32
Show Mask Tracks
The Show Mask Tracks button lets you hide
all Mask tracks in the timeline if you do not
plan to use them. For information on mask
tracks, see “The Mask Track” on page 36.
Timecode Display
The timeline contains a timecode display above the track area. The Timecode display shows
the following:
80
•
Duration of the timeline
•
Timecode of next keyframe
•
Current time position in the timeline
The Controls Window
Time Field
The Time field displays the timecode at the current position in the effect. As you move the
position indicator through the effect, the Time field updates to display the timecode at that
point. You can type a value into the Time field and press Enter to move the position indicator
to that point in the timeline.
Duration Field
The Duration field displays the duration of the current effect. To change the duration of
effect, type a new value and press Enter.
n
You can only use the Duration field to set the effect duration when you work in the Avid FX
Engine. When you use Avid FX as a plug-in, you set the duration in the Avid editing
application. In this case, typing in this field has no effect.
The Duration field sets the duration of the current timeline composition. If you want to
change the duration of a composition in the Project window, drag the composition to the
timeline, change the duration and then save the composition to the Project window.
You can use the Keep Keyframe Time option in the Preferences window to choose whether
to preserve the absolute or relative positioning of pre-existing keyframes when you change
the effect duration.
KeyFrame Field
The KeyFrame field indicates the time position of the currently selected keyframe.
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Type a value into the KeyFrame field and press Enter to move a selected keyframe to that
timecode. If no keyframe exists at that timecode, the selected keyframe moves there. If a
keyframe already exists at that timecode, the selected keyframe replaces the existing
keyframe. You can also drag a keyframe to another keyframe to overwrite or replace that
keyframe.
For more information, see “Overwriting Keyframes” on page 215.
Timecode Preferences
The View Time menu in the General tab in the Preferences window provides three ways to
display the effect’s timecode. You can open the Preferences window by choosing Edit >
Preferences.
•
Absolute Timecode – displays the timecode of the effect itself, treating the start of the
effect as 00:00:00:00.
•
Absolute Frames – expresses the timecode as the number of frames starting from the
beginning of the effect.
•
Program Timecode – uses the current timecode of the project in the Avid editing system
treating the start of the effect as the current timecode in the sequence.
Track Control Buttons
The left side of the timeline window contains the track controls that let you select shapes,
media, and filters for each track, and preview, hide, or lock the tracks. These controls appear
as a series of buttons in the track.
Each track can contain any number of the following controls:
Preview
Motion Blur
Track Visibility
Track
Media
Shape button
Lock
Filter Visibility
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•
Shape Button on page 83
•
Track Visibility Button on page 83
•
Filter Button on page 84
•
Preview Button on page 84
•
Motion Blur Button on page 85
The Controls Window
•
Lock Button on page 86
•
Track Media Button on page 86
Shape Button
Press the Shape button to choose a shape from the pop-up menu. The default shape is 3D
Plane. Each shape type displays a different Shape button in the timeline window. The
following illustration shows the default 3D Plane Shape icon.
Shape button
You can also click the appropriate Add Shape button to create a new track with the selected
shape.For more information, see Types of Shapes on page 93.
3D
3D
Sphere
Cube
Cylinder
Track Visibility Button
The Track Visibility control determines whether the track contents are visible in the
Composite window.
Track Visibility
When the Track Visibility is On, you can view the contents of the track in the Composite
window and the rendered output.
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Click the button to turn Track Visibility off. The track’s content is invisible in the Composite
window and in the rendered output. Tracks below the inactive track in the timeline are
visible.
Filter Button
When a filter is applied to a track, the filter track is nested within the main track. Each filter
has a Filter button, which allows you to apply a different filter. Click the Filter button to
choose another filter from the menu.
Filter button
Preview Button
Click the Preview button to open a preview window for a track. You can also open this
window by selecting a track and choosing Track > Preview Track or pressing Ctrl+P.
Preview button
The Preview window shows the track’s content, including the track’s shape and source
media with any nested filters or masks.
n
84
As you work on one shape or container track in a complex composition, you can rapidly
preview the isolated element by closing the Composite window and opening a Preview
window for the shape or container track.
The Controls Window
Composite
Preview
You can preview QuickTime movies by clicking the Preview button to open a QuickTime
Source Preview monitor. See “Previewing Effects” on page 192 for information on using the
preview to monitor feature.
Motion Blur Button
Click the Motion Blur button to toggle motion blur on or off for the track. Once you turn
motion blur on, you can adjust the motion blur parameters in the Motion Blur tab. See
Blurring an Image on page 310 for more information.
Motion Blur button
Motion blur is especially memory-intensive. Therefore, selecting a lower resolution and/or
Draft mode when creating a motion blur effect uses less memory.
The Global Motion Blur button toggles the visibility of motion blur on and off for all tracks
in the timeline. If you turn Global Motion Blur off, all tracks appear without motion blur in
the Composite window and in the rendered output. Turning off the visibility of motion blur
speeds preview time.
n
The Global Motion Blur button affects all compositions in the Render Queue. Restore the
visibility of motion blur before rendering or motion blur is not used in your rendered effects.
Adding motion blur to tracks you animate can make the motion appear smoother and more
natural. The track-based motion blur does not affect motion within the media, it only affects
the motion of the track.
Avid FX offers a different motion blur filter, the BCC Motion Blur. The track-based motion
blur creates a blur based on the motion of the Shape track or container. The BCC Motion
Blur filter creates a blur based on the motion of the pixels in the image.
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Lock Button
The Lock button lets you lock and unlock a track. Locking a track is useful if you do not
want to accidentally change a track.
Lock button
The track is unlocked by default, which allows you to make changes to the track and its
contents.
When the track is locked, its media and filter selection controls appear dimmed and you
cannot alter the track’s content. Furthermore, all tracks nested within the locked track are
locked.
Track Media Button
Click the Media button to choose the type of media to use for the track. Each media type
displays a different button in the timeline window.
Media button
Movie
File
86
Opens a dialog box that allows you to choose a movie file to use as the
track media. Supported formats include QuickTime and AVI.
The Controls Window
Still
Image
File
opens a dialog box that allows you to choose a still image file to use as the
track media. Only supported still image file formats appear in the browser.
Color
Allows you to assign the track a solid color. In the Color Media tab, click
the color chip to access the system color picker or use the eyedropper to
choose a color from the screen. You can also enter RGB values into the
numerical fields.
Gradient
Allows you to create a color gradient to assign to the track. A gradient is a
graduated blending of two or more colors. You can create, animate, and
save gradients, and load previously created gradients.
Natural
Allows you to create a variety of realistic media. You can create two types
of wood textures, several types of stone, woven fabric, animal skin, or a
color noise map. Each texture type provides a variety of controls to
customize the effect.
Spline
Media
Creates, animates, and edits shapes composed of splines or paths.
Spline
Object
Creates spline objects in basic shapes including rectangles, circles, stars,
arrows, hearts, and medallions.
EPS
Opens a dialog box that allows you to import an Encapsulated Post Script
(EPS) file to use as the track media. On Windows systems, any file with the
.ai or .eps extension is supported.
Text
Opens the Text window and allows you to type or import text to use as the
track’s media. The text you create is composited over an alpha channel.
Video
Uses the corresponding video track in the host application. The number of
Video tracks available depends on your host application and the type of
effect.
In the Avid FX Engine, Video 1 and Video 2 use sample still images included in the
application. You can use these sample images to build effects when you are working outside
the Avid editing application or when the media you want to use is unavailable.
You can also click the appropriate Add Media button to create a new track of that type of
media. See Add Media Buttons.
For information on using other media types, see Importing Media.
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Position Indicator
The timeline’s position indicator control represents the current time position of the effect. As
you play the effect, the position indicator moves from frame to frame. Drag the position
indicator through the timeline to move through the effect or click in the ruler area to move
the position indicator to that position. You can also type a value in the Time field and the
position indicator automatically jumps to that point in the timeline.
To move to the first frame:
•
Select Track > Move CTI to Start or press the Left Arrow key to move the position
indicator to the first frame in the effect.
To move to the last frame:
•
Select Track > Move CTI to End or press the Right Arrow key to move to the last frame
in the effect.
Cancel and Apply Buttons
Click Cancel to exit Avid FX without saving recent changes to your effect. If you
have not saved the effect, a save dialog box appears. This button does not appear
when you work in the Avid FX Engine.
Click Apply to exit Avid FX and save changes to the Avid editing application. This
button does not appear when you work in the Avid FX Engine.
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The Controls Window
Controls Window
This section describes controls and buttons of the Controls window/
Color Controls
Color controls select a color for an attribute of a filter or object, such as a light, border, or
text face.
Color chip
Eyedropper
To select a color:
1. Do one of the following:
t
Click the color chip to access the system color picker.
t
Use the eyedropper to choose a color from the screen.
t
Enter RGB values into the numerical fields associated with the color control and
then press Enter.
t
Drag the eyedropper across the color ramp to quickly choose a color.
t
Click the color ramp to toggle it to a grayscale image.
Color ramp
To animate Color parameters:
1. Set the interpolation by clicking the Interpolation field.
2. Select an interpolation from the menu.
n
Unlike other parameters, Color controls use Constant interpolation by default. This is true
no matter what you set as your default interpolation.
Previewing Colors
You can preview a color in the Composite window before committing to it. This feature
works with all color picker controls.
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To preview a color and save:
1. Click the Eyedropper tool in the Controls window and drag over the color ramp.
Eyedropper
Color ramp
2. Press C to preview the color in the Composite window.
You can preview as many colors as you want.
3. Press V to commit to the previewed color, or press Enter.
To cancel and leave the color unchanged:
•
n
Press Escape.
Until you commit to the color by pressing V, or pressing Return or Enter, the color is not
applied even though it appears in the Composite window.
Controls Window Buttons
The Controls window includes a series of buttons to provide fast access to common
commands. These buttons are contextual, if they do not apply to the selected track, they do
not appear in the Controls window.
For example, the Reflection Map button appears when you work with the 3D Extrusion
shape.
The Reset Tab button resets all the parameters in the tab to the default
settings.
The Track Selector toggles between he Shape and Face tracks for the
current track in the timeline, saving you having to click multiple disclosure
triangles to select a track. The keyboard shortcut for this command is F.
The Reflection Map button creates a Reflection Map track in the timeline.
The Reflection Map track produces reflections on the faces of 3D
Extrusion tracks. See Applying Materials in 3D Space on page 327for
more information.
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The Controls Window
The Texture Track button creates a Texture track in the timeline. This track
is a media track that allows you to map a still image, EPS, video, color,
gradient or natural media to Text, Spline Object and Spline Primitive
media. For information, see Mapping Media to Text on page 443.
The Path Track button creates a Motion Path track in the timeline. The
Motion Path is a media track which creates text on a path, that is, text
which wraps around a spline object.
The Text Backdrop button creates a backdrop behind text. The Backdrop
Track appears below the text’s Face track in the timeline. For information,
see Adding Color Backdrops to Text on page 445.
Toggles drop shadows off and on.
The Wireframe button toggles in and out of Wireframe view. Wireframe
displays the shape as an outline to speed previews. Deselect this option to
view the complete effect before rendering.
The Animate button toggles between default and constant interpolation.
Constant interpolation means no animation, where parameter adjustments
remain static and do not create keyframes, more useful for compositing
than animating. The top button selects the default interpolation (Ease in /
Ease Out, unless you change it); the lower button shows constant
interpolation.
The Analyze button generates motion tracking data. When you create a
motion key, you define the object (or part of the image) that you want to
key out as it moves, then you click the Analyze Motion button, and the
software analyzes the motion of the object so that it can key it out even as
it moves.
When a Media track is selected, opens a dialog box from where you can
browse to and select a media file to replace the current file.
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Info Window
The Info window contains information on the XY position of the cursor in the Composite
window, the color information at the cursor location, and the frame rate and estimated render
time for the effect.
To open the Info window:
Select Window > Show Info Window.
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Parameter
Description
R, G, B, A
Displays the values in the four color channels (Red, Green,
Blue, and Alpha) of the pixel at the cursor location.
X, Y
Displays the X and Y coordinates of the cursor position,
measured in pixels from the upper-left corner of the
composite image.
Frame Rate
Displays the frame rate in frames per second (fps).
Render Time
Displays the time, in milliseconds, required to render the
current frame.
The Controls Window
Types of Shapes
The following table describes each of the Shape choices.
Shape
Icon
Example
Description
3D Plane
3D Plane, the default shape for new tracks, is a flat plane
that you can scale, position, and rotate in 3D space. This
is the basic DVE effects shape. The 3D Plane is used as a
3D Primitive.
Sphere
Sphere maps the source image onto the surface of a
sphere. The sphere unwraps to reveal the inside surface.
Each surface has a separate track and displays different
media.
Cube
Cube maps the source onto a rectangular solid and
displays separate media on each of its six faces. Each
face has a separate track within the Cube track. The Cube
is used as a 3D Primitive.
Cylinder
Cylinder maps the source image on the surface of a
cylinder. The cylinder rotates to reveal the inside surface.
Each surface has a separate track, and can display
different media. The Cylinder is used as a 3D Primitive.
Page Turn
Page Turn creates the effect of a page turning in a book.
You can map different source media to the front and back
of the page. The Page Turn is used as a 3D Primitive.
3D Sphere
3D Sphere maps an image onto the surface of a sphere.
3D Sphere correctly displays non-square pixels and uses
the Z Space Composite or 3D Model container that
allows objects to cast shadows on one another. 3D Sphere
is used as a 3D Primitive.
3D
Extrusion
3D Extrusion creates a three-dimensional effect using
text or shapes. You can type or import text or import EPS
files to use as the shape or create a Spline Object or
Spline Primitive, then map media to the front and back
faces, extrusions, and bevels.
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Shape
3D Line
Art
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Icon
Example
Description
3D Line Art is similar to 3D Plane, but is designed for
use with vector-based files and shapes rather than bitmap
images. This shape lets you infinitely scale vector-based
images without degradation of quality.
Chapter 2
Working with Media
One of the key components of your project are your media files. Avid FX not only
allows you to import external files but meets the artist’s need to create new media
from scratch within the system. With these different options, it is essential you learn
how to manage media with little or no effort and how to quickly and transparently
switch media on a timeline.
•
The Media Files Window on page 96
•
Creating Media on page 99
•
Resizing Media on page 127
Chapter 2 Working with Media
The Media Files Window
Avid FX uses media from your Avid editing application, files located on other systems or
networks, external media using a variety of formats, or media you have created within the
Avid FX application. So, when working on different projects, you can easily lose track of the
location of your media. This is where the Media Files window becomes useful as it:
•
Lists all external media files in your project
•
Provides the path of each media file
•
Helps locate missing media
•
Replaces and relinks files instantly
To access the Media Files window:
t
Select Window > Media Files Window.
From this window, you learn the number of files that you are using as well as the path
and location, whether there are any missing files, and the location or path of the files on
your system.
Opening the Location of Media Files
There is a quick way to go directly to the location of the file in Windows Explorer.
To open the location of a media file:
1. Open the Media Files window.
2. Select the file and click Reveal.
This opens an Explorer window showing the exact location of the file.
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The Media Files Window
Replacing or Relinking Media Files
You can replace a media file instead of importing it to Avid FX. You will find this useful
when you find yourself working in the middle of a project, and need to replace a file that you
are already using on the timeline. You can also re-create an effect using a different file. All
instances of the media file are replaced.
To replace a media file:
1. Select Window > Media Files to display the Media Files window.
2. To replace a file, select the file and click Replace.
3. In the Explorer window, select the file you want and click Open.
The file is automatically replaced as you can see in the Media Files window. The
timeline is updated with the new media file. If it’s a still image or movie file, you will
see the change in the Composite window.
You can also load single media files—see “Loading Media Files” on page 98.
Locating Missing Files
Avid FX uses path names to find the location of the external media files used in an effects
setting. If you open a settings file and the system cannot locate external media files, you can
search for missing media. The missing file names appear in italics in the window.
To locate a missing file:
1. Open the Media Files window.
2. Select the missing file. Its path name is italicized.
3. Click Search.
4. In the window, locate the file and click Open.
The path name should no longer be italicized.
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Reloading Still Image Files
You can refresh all occurrences of imported still graphics, including EPS files, without
having to close and reopen the Avid FX effect setting. The application refreshes the effect to
display the newly edited graphic.
To re-create an effect using the updated image, you can reload it instead of importing it for
each instance. Make sure that you use the same filename.
When you reload layered EPS or PSD files, Avid FX attempts to recreate the layers. It is
important that you keep the same number of layers in the updated file as the original to avoid
duplication of the missing layers.
To reload media files:
1. Copy the EPS or still image file in the same directory as the original file and overwrite
it. The file must use the exact same name as the original file.
If you are not sure where the file was originally located, open the Media Files window to
locate your media.
2. From the File menu, select Reload Files.
All external media files in your project are updated.
Loading Media Files
You can load media files from the Controls window. The new file replaces the selected
media file on the timeline.
To load a media file:
1. Select the face track of the media file to open its media tab. For audio files, select the
audio track.
2. In the Controls window, click the Load File button.
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Creating Media
Load File
button
3. Navigate to the location of the file you want to load.
4. If necessary, set the media import options.
Creating Media
You can easily create media, such as text, color, and gradients, which you can use as effects
through out your projects. Each media you create has its own media track on the timeline.
You can always change the media from the face track.
This section discusses how to define color, work with gradients, and create natural media.
Information on creating and working with spline media and text are contained in their
respective chapters.
Defining Color
You can define one color per media track. By default, the most recently used color is
selected. But if you are defining a color for the first time, then black is used. You can use the
color picker to select a color from the palette. If you know the HSL (Hue, Saturation,
Luminance) or RGB (Red, Green, Blue) values, you can enter them in the text boxes. You
can also customize and save your own colors.
n
You can also use the Color Media tab in the Controls window to define color using the color
picker or RGB values.
To create a color media track:
1. Do one of the following:
t
From the Track menu, select New Media > Color.
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Chapter 2 Working with Media
t
Click an empty area in the timeline and select New Media > Color.
A color media track is added to the timeline.
New color media track
Color media icon
2. To select a color, do one of the following:
t
Click the Color media icon and select Color.
t
Select the face track on the timeline to switch to the face track.
The Color Media tab opens.
3. If you are on the timeline, do the following:
Select the
Face Track
Drag the cross-hair to
the color you want
Or select one of
the basic colors
If you are using the Color Media tab, do one of the following:
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Creating Media
Use the color chip to pick a color
Use the eyedropper to choose a
color from the screen
Enter RGB values into the text
fields.
Color ramp
n
Info box
You can also apply colors from the Style Palette. See “Applying Color, Natural, Gradient or
Extrusion Styles” on page 461.
If you want to switch to a grayscale image, click the color ramp before you select the
eyedropper.
Creating Gradients
A gradient is a graduated blending of two or more colors. You can create, edit, and animate
gradients. You can alter the color and transparency levels as well as the shape and direction
of the gradient.
Gradients can be used as background or mapped to text. Since gradients include an Alpha
parameter, you can use gradients as input for a number of filters that use custom gradient
tracks. For example, some displacement filters can use gradients to determine the amount of
displacement each pixel undergoes. Gradients can also be used as PixelChooser tracks in
many filters.
There are six types of gradients:
•
Linear—see “Creating a Linear Gradient” on page 104
•
Radial—see “Creating a Radial Gradient” on page 104
•
Contour—see “Creating a Contour Gradient” on page 105
•
Bevel—see “Creating a Bevel Gradient” on page 106
•
Edge—see “Creating an Edge Gradient” on page 107
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•
Revolve—see “Creating a Revolve Gradient” on page 108.
To create a gradient media track:
1. Do one of the following:
t
From the Track menu, select New Media > Gradient.
t
Click an empty area in the timeline and select New Media > Gradient.
A gradient media track is added to the timeline.
New gradient
media track
Gradient media
button
2. To select a gradient type, select the face track on the timeline or click the Toggle
Face/Shape Track Selection button in the Controls window to switch to the face track.
This will open the Gradient Media tab.
3. Select a gradient shape from the type menu.
Gradient editor
Color stops
Selected gradient
shape
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Creating Media
Creating Gradient Blends
Regardless of the type of gradient you select, you can modify its appearance by adjusting the
color stops, adding color stops (which add intermediate colors in your gradient), and setting
the transparency of each color.
By default, there are two color stops and a midpoint, which automatically appears between
the new color stop and each neighboring color stop. A gradient can have up to sixteen color
stops. The new color stop is assigned the color of the point on the gradient editor above the
stop. Color stops are numbered in the order that you create them. If you remove a color stop,
the remaining color stops do not renumber.
Midpoint
Start color
End color
To create a gradient blend:
1. Define the starting color of the gradient.
2. Add a color stop by clicking in the gradient editor.
To delete a color stop at anytime, drag it downward and away from the gradient editor.
3. Drag the color stop to where you want the next blend to begin.
4. Add more color stops as necessary and continue adjusting until you are satisfied.
n
You can also use the Position and Midpoint text boxes and sliders to adjust the color stops.
The value is expressed as a percentage, a value of 1.0 represents the right edge of the
gradient and a value of 0 represents the left edge of the gradient.
To define the color of a color stop:
1. Select the color stop or midpoint.
When a color stop is selected, its point turns black. If you select the midpoint, the color
stop to the left is also selected.
Selected midpoint
Selected
Associated color stop is selected.
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2. Do one of the following:
• Click the color chip to access the system color picker.
• Click the eyedropper and choose a color from the screen.
• Enter RGB values into the numerical fields associated with the color control.
• Click the color ramp before you select the eyedropper if you want to toggle the ramp
to a grayscale image.
3. Adjust the transparency of the selected color stop by using the Alpha slider.
Creating a Linear Gradient
The linear gradient places the start color at the left and blends towards the end color at the
right.
To create a linear gradient:
•
Use the Angle dial or the text box to adjust the direction or the angle in which the colors
blend.
Angle=45o
Creating a Radial Gradient
The radial gradient places the start color at the center and blends outward toward the end
color.
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Creating Media
To create a radial gradient:
1. Adjust Center X to determine the location of the gradient center on the X axis.
2. Adjust Center Y determines the location of the gradient center on the Y axis.
Center X=25, Center Y=75
Center X=75, Center Y=25
The values are from 0 to 100, where 0 represents the left edge of the frame. Negative
values move the centre out of the image frame on the left side, while values above 100
move it on the right.
Creating a Contour Gradient
The contour gradient places the start color along all four edges of the frame and blends
inward toward the end color in the center of the frame
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To create a contour gradient:
1. Adjust the Angle to control the width of the gradient between the edge colors.
2. Adjust the Fade to determine the width and the middle color at the center of the frame.
This value is measured as a percentage of the size of the image.
Fade = 10
Fade = 90
Creating a Bevel Gradient
The bevel gradient creates a beveled pyramid effect in which the four colors of the sides of
the pyramid move from the start to the end color.
To create a Bevel gradient:
•
Adjust the Angle to control the color of each beveled side by setting the location of the
start color on the beveled sides.
Increase the angle to place the start color “between” the right and bottom bevels.
The right bevel color is increasingly affected by the middle color as the start color
moves towards the bottom bevel. At a value of 90, the start color is placed on the bottom
bevel, and so on.
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Creating Media
Creating an Edge Gradient
The edge gradient combines the contour and bevel shapes to create a beveled pyramid effect.
The four colors of the pyramid sides move from the start to the end color blending inward
toward the center.
To create an edge gradient:
1. Add Fade by adjusting the width of the gradient between the edge colors (controlled by
Angle) and the middle color at the center of the frame. This value is measured as a
percentage of the size of the image.
Fade = 25
Fade = 75
2. Adjust the Angle to control the color of each beveled edge by setting the location of the
start color on the beveled edge.
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Angle=10
Angle=80
Creating a Revolve Gradient
The revolve gradient emanates from a center point.By animating the Angle parameter, you
can create a clock wipe type of gradient effect.
To create a Revolve gradient:
1. Adjust Center X to determine the location of the gradient center on the X axis.
2. Adjust Center Y to determine the location of the gradient center on the Y axis:
Center X=50, Center Y=50
Center X=75, Center Y=25
The values are from 0 to 100, where 0 represents the top edge of the frame. Negative
values move the center above the image frame, while values above 100 move it below.
3. Adjust the Angle to determine the direction in which the colors blend.
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Creating Media
Angle=90o
Angle=120o
Creating Gradient Patterns
When creating gradients from scratch, whether as a background or mapping to an object, the
creativity potential is endless. You can form gradient patterns that are both unique and fun.
Once you become familiar with the parameters, you can then animate the pattern to use later,
for example as a transition in your composition.
Parameters that enable
you to create gradient
patterns
Repeat Stops
Use this parameter to repeat the gradient pattern. In the example shown here, the revolve
gradient is used.
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Repeat Stops=1
Repeat Stops=7
Repeat Stops=14
Repeat Stops=50
Scale Stops
Use this parameter to scale all stops to the left or to the right. It works well with the Repeat
Stops parameter. In a static gradient, position the point of interest in a texture map. On a
radial gradient, try animating the scale stops to a hole which appears to dilate. It also creates
an interesting effect when using the revolve gradient. In the example shown here, the radial
gradient is used.
Scale Stops=0
Scale Stops=-20
Scale Stops=0
Scale Stops=100
Random Seed
Use this parameter for a quick way to create a colorful gradient. If the value is greater than 0,
the colors for each color stop are replaced with random samples. You can flicker the colors
in time by animating the Random Seed. Increase the Repeat Stops for an increased effect.
Try using it with linear, radial and revolve gradients. In the example shown here, the linear
gradient is used.
Random Seed=0
Random Seed=30
Random Seed=66
Random Seed=100
Red, Green, Blue Cycles
Adjust these parameters to randomize all color stops without any animation. In the example
shown here, the bevel gradient is used with the Green Cycle.
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Creating Media
Green Cycle=0
Green Cycle=20
Green Cycle=50
Green Cycle=100
Loop
Use this parameter to move all stops to the right in a looping motion. The Loop is very useful
when animating gradients. Try using this parameter together with the Scale Stops for an
interesting effect. You should, leave all other parameters at their default values. In the
example shown here, the Scale Stop has been set to about 10 on a contour gradient.
Loop=0
Loop=3.5
Loop=7
Loop=10
Animating Color Stops and Gradient Patterns
You can bring to life a gradient pattern by changing and animating its properties over time.
You can simulate movement or create dynamism simply by animating the color stops. For
example, you can animate the radial gradient to give it a dilating pupil effect.
To animate a color stop:
1. Check the Animate Gradient box in the Gradient tab.
2. Select a color stop.
The controls for the selected Color Stop appear in the timeline.
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Interpolation
fields
3. Animate the appropriate parameters for the gradient pattern.
4. Click the Interpolation field and select an interpolation.
5. Playback the image or scrub through to see the animation.
Also see “Animation” on page 209.
Saving and Loading Gradients
As you create or customize gradients and patterns, you can save them at anytime. You can
then load the presets to your composition later on. The Style Palette can also be used to save
and reuse gradients throughout your project. See “Working with the Style Palette” on
page 452.
To save a gradient setting:
1. Click the Save button in the Gradient tab.
2. Navigate to the location where you want to save the setting, enter a name and click Save.
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Creating Media
The gradient is saved as a static setting using the parameters at the CTI. You can save
animated gradients—see “Loading and Saving Effects using the Library Browser” on
page 186.
To load a gradient:
1. Click the Load button in the Gradient tab.
2. Navigate to location of the gradient and click Open.
Creating Natural Media
You can create textures or natural media that you can use as background, map to text or
apply to the face of a 2D or 3D object. You can add more detail to give the texture a more
realistic look. 3D extrusion tracks, for example, create bump maps, which in turn create
three dimensional detail based on luminance. All types of natural media can be saved,
loaded, and are animatable. These include:
•
Wood textures
•
Stone textures
•
Woven fabric
•
Animal skin
•
Random color noise map
To create a natural media track:
1. Do one of the following:
• From the Track menu, select New Media > Natural.
• Click an empty area in the timeline and select New Media > Natural.
A color media track is added to the timeline.
New natural media
track
Natural media
button
2. To select a texture type, select the face track on the timeline to switch to the face track.
This will open the Natural Media tab.
3. Select a natural media type from the texture type menu.
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Creating a Wood Grain Effect
The Wood Grain effect applies the texture of a solid piece of wood.
To create a wood grain effect:
1. Adjust the Pattern X, Pattern Y, and Depth controls to change the pattern of the wood
grain at a given point by moving through the procedural noise from which the effect is
generated.
n
114
Press the Alt key as you move the position point in the Composite window. You can also
adjust the Depth value to navigate through the underlying noise pattern.
Creating Media
2. Adjust the Pattern Scale X and Pattern Scale Y controls to affect the scale of the grain
pattern along the X and Y axis.
Pattern Scale X=10
Pattern Scale X=100
3. Adjust Light Color to change the color of the lightest parts of the wood grain.
4. Adjust Dark Color to change the color of the darkest parts of the wood grain.
5. Adjust the Ring Scale to affect the scale of the rings.
Ring Scale=1
Ring Scale=25
6. Adjust the Grainy setting to set the resolution of the pattern. Lower values create
distinct, well-defined grain lines on the wood.
Grainy=0
Grainy=10
7. Set the Direction to determine the angle between the grain of the wood texture and the
horizontal axis.
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Direction=45
Direction=135
Creating Wooden Planks
Wooden Plank simulates a surface covered in wooden boards, similar to a wood floor.
To create a wooden plank effect:
1. Adjust the Pattern X, Pattern Y, and Depth controls to change the pattern of the wood
grain at a given point by moving through the procedural noise from which the effect is
generated.
n
Press the Alt key as you move the position point in the Composite window, You can also
adjust the Depth value to navigate through the underlying noise pattern.
2. Change Pattern Scale X and Pattern Scale Y controls to affect the scale of the pattern
along the X and Y axis.
3. Adjust Light Color to change the color of the lightest parts of the wood grain.
4. Adjust Dark Color to change the color of the darkest parts of the wood grain.
5. Set the Groove Color between the planks.
6. Use Ring Scale to adjust the scale of the rings in the grain pattern. Higher values create
larger rings.
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Ring Scale=1
Ring Scale=30
7. Adjust the Grainy setting to set the resolution of the pattern. Lower values create
distinct, well-defined grain lines on the wood.
Grainy=0
Grainy=2
8. Adjust Grain Scale to change the size of the grain spots created by the Grainy control.
9. Change the Width and Length to affect size of the planks without altering the scale of
the wood pattern.
Width=0.05
Length=1.0
Width=0.05
Length=0.05
Width=1.0
Length=0.05
10. Adjust the Color Variation to change the variance between plank colors. To add a wider
variety of colors, increase the value.
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Color Variation=0
Color Variation=2.0
11. Adjust Groove Width. Increasing the value widens the grooves between the planks.
12. Update Wave to adjust the shape of the grain lines in the wood. As you increase the
wave value, each line becomes more wavy or jagged
Wave=0
Wave=2
13. Set the Direction to change the angle between the grain of the wood texture and the
horizontal axis.
Creating Fractal Noise
Fractal noise creates a simulated marble texture.
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Creating Media
To create a fractal noise effect:
1. Adjust the Pattern X, Pattern Y, and Depth controls to change the pattern of the noise
by moving through the procedural noise from which the effect is generated.
n
Press the Alt key as you move the position point in the Composite window, You can also
adjust the Depth value to navigate through the underlying noise pattern.
2. Change Pattern Scale X and Pattern Scale Y controls to affect the scale of the marble
pattern along the X and Y axis.
3. Set the Noise Color to change the predominant color in the pattern.
Creating Veined Marble
Veined Marble is similar to the Fractal Noise Type, but produces a texture with more
pronounced “veins”.
To create a veined marble effect:
1. Adjust the Pattern X, Pattern Y, and Depth controls to change the marble pattern by
moving through the procedural noise from which the effect is generated.
n
Press the Alt key as you move the position point in the Composite window, You can also
adjust the Depth value to navigate through the underlying noise pattern.
2. Change Pattern Scale X and Pattern Scale Y controls to affect the scale of the marble
pattern along the X and Y axis.
3. Set the Vein Color. This changes the color of the veins in the pattern.
4. Adjust Background Color to set the color of the background in the pattern.
5. Use the Detail setting to change the resolution of the vein pattern. A lower value
produces patterns resembling soft gradients.
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Detail=10
Detail=90
6. Set Background Color Variation to vary the background color in the pattern. At a
lower value, the background areas of the pattern resemble flat patches, while at a higher
values the they become more mottled as a wider variety of colors are used in the pattern.
Background Variation=0.0
Background Variation=1.0
7. Adjust Vein Thickness to change the thickness of the veins in the marble pattern.
8. Use the Vein Color Blending control to adjust the contrast between the vein and
background colors in the pattern. Increasing the value blends the veins with the
background, while decreasing the value creates a narrower blended region
9. Move the Direction control to spin the pattern around the Z axis.
Creating Cloth
Cloth creates a texture resembling tightly-woven fabric.
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Creating Media
To create a cloth effect:
1. Adjust the Pattern X, Pattern Y, and Depth controls to change the appearance of the
cloth pattern by moving through the procedural noise from which the effect is generated.
n
Press the Alt key as you move the position point in the Composite window, You can also
adjust the Depth value to navigate through the underlying noise pattern.
2. Change Pattern Scale X and Pattern Scale Y controls to affect the scale of the threads
that form the cloth along the X and Y axis.
3. Adjust the Color of the cloth pattern.
4. Adjust the Thread Depth control to set the contrast between the colors of the individual
threads in the cloth. At a higher value, the threads use a wider range of colors and the
individual threads are more pronounced in the pattern.
Thread Depth=0
Thread Depth=1.0
5. Move the Direction control to spin the pattern around the Z axis.
Creating Weave
Weave is similar to cloth, but produces a texture resembling a much more loosely-woven
fabric, such as burlap or gauze.
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To create a weave effect:
1. Adjust the Pattern X, Pattern Y, and Depth controls to change the appearance of the
weave by moving through the procedural noise from which the effect is generated.
n
Press the Alt key as you move the position point in the Composite window, You can also
adjust the Depth value to navigate through the underlying noise pattern.
2. Change Pattern Scale X and Pattern Scale Y controls to affect the scale of the threads
that form the cloth along the X and Y axis.
3. Adjust Color to set the color of the weave pattern.
4. Use Color Variation to vary the color of the threads in the weave pattern. As the value
increases, the threads appear more mottled, and the shading becomes more irregular.
Color Variation=0
Color Variation=1.0
5. Adjust the Color Variation Scale to affect the scale of the color pattern on the threads.
The variation is most pronounced at higher values.
Color Variation
Scale=1
Color Variation
Scale=90
6. Adjust Thread Thickness to change the thickness of the individual threads that form
the weave.
7. Move the Direction control to spin the pattern around the Z axis.
8. Check Use Alpha to create an alpha channel from the weave. Black areas are
transparent.
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Creating Media
Creating Granite
Granite simulates the appearance of granite or another type of mottled stone.
To create a granite effect:
1. Adjust the Pattern X, Pattern Y, and Depth controls to change the appearance of the
granite pattern by moving through the procedural noise from which the effect is
generated.
n
Press the Alt key as you move the position point in the Composite window, You can also
adjust the Depth value to navigate through the underlying noise pattern.
2. Adjust the Pattern Scale X and Pattern Scale Y controls to change the scale of the
pattern along the X and Y axis.
3. Set Color 1, Color 2, and Color 3. These three colors will make up the marble pattern.
4. Set Boundary 1 and Boundary 2. This affects the relative sizes of the color patches.
• Boundary 1 controls the area covered by Color 1 and 2. If Boundary 1 is 0, the Color
1 display covers its maximum area. If Boundary 1 increases, Color 2 intrudes into
Color 1, reducing the size of the Color 1 patches and increasing the size of the Color 2
patches.
• Boundary 2 controls the area covered by Color 2 and 3. As Boundary 2 increases,
more of the Color 3 patches intrude into the Color 2 patches.
Pattern Scale X=100
Pattern Scale X=200
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5. Adjust Coarseness to control the number of distinct color patches that appear in the
granite pattern. Lower values create a fewer patches that are larger in size, while higher
values create a greater number of smaller patches.
Courseness=10
Courseness=100
6. Set the Detail to show the jagged boundaries between the three colors in the pattern. A
low value will produce smooth curvilinear boundaries, while a higher value produces a
rougher and more intricate boundaries
Detail=10
Detail=50
7. Move the Direction control to spin the pattern around the Z axis.
Creating a Reptilian Pattern
Reptilian produces a texture resembling a scaly or spotted animal skin.
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Creating Media
To create a reptilian effect:
1. Adjust the Pattern X, Pattern Y, and Depth controls to change the appearance of the
reptilian pattern by moving through the procedural noise from which the effect is
generated.
n
Press the Alt key as you move the position point in the Composite window, You can also
adjust the Depth value to navigate through the underlying noise pattern.
2. Adjust the Pattern Scale X and Pattern Scale Y controls to change the scale of the
pattern along the X and Y axis.
3. Use Base Color to set the color for the lines between the spots in the pattern.
4. Use Spot Color to set the main color for the spots in the pattern.
5. Use Spot Boundary Color to set the color for the edges of the spots.
6. Use Spot Density to adjust the density of the spots in the pattern.
Spot Density=50
Spot Density=100
7. Use Spot Blur to soften the distinctions between the spots and the background in the
pattern.
8. Use Spot Boundary to change the color of the spots. As you increase the value, the
color of the spots becomes a gradient between the spot color (the middle of each spot)
and the spot boundary color (the edges of each spot).
Spot Boundary=30
9. Use Color Variation to vary the colors in the skin pattern. At a higher value, a wider
range of colors produce a more mottled appearance.
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Chapter 2 Working with Media
Color Variation=100
10. Use Spot Variation to change the shape of the edges of the spots.
Spot Variation=100
11. Move the Direction control to spin the pattern around the Z axis.
Creating Mixed Colors
Mixed Colors produces a color noise map.
To create a mixed color effect:
1. Adjust the Pattern X, Pattern Y, and Depth controls to change the appearance of the
pattern by moving through the procedural noise from which the effect is generated.
n
Press the Alt key as you move the position point in the Composite window, You can also
adjust the Depth value to navigate through the underlying noise pattern.
2. Adjust the Pattern Scale X and Pattern Scale Y controls to affect the scale of the
pattern along the X and Y axis.
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Resizing Media
Pattern Scale X and Y=10
Pattern Scale X and Y=100
3. Change Detail to show the jagged boundaries between the colors in the pattern. Lower
values produce smooth curvilinear boundaries
Detail=10
Detail=100
4. Use the Coarseness control to adjust the number of distinct color patches that appear in
the random color pattern.
Coarseness=10
Coarseness=100
5. Move the Direction control to spin the pattern around the Z axis.
Resizing Media
The Info box in the media tab displays the size of the media that always matches the size of
the current project. You can always resize it.
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To resize Media
1. With the face track of the media selected in the timeline, click the Layer tab in the
Controls window.
2. Adjust the Size X and Size Y values to set the media’s track size in pixels on the
respective axes.
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Resizing Media
Reference: Media
This section contains reference information about media tracks. When you select a media
type, the properties for that media display in the Controls window.
Movie Media Tab
Options
Description
Fields menu
Chooses the field dominance for the movie. The choices
include:
Aspect menu
•
None
•
Upper Field
•
Lower Field
Sets the pixel aspect for the file. The menu options
include:
4:3 Aspect Ratio. Applies to movies created in an Avid
editing application by exporting 4:3 media or for 4:3
movies created in animation programs and saved as nonsquare pixels.
16:9 Aspect Ratio. Applies to movies created in an Avid
editing application by exporting 16x9 media or for 16x9
movies created in animation programs and saved as nonsquare pixels.
Square Pixels. Applies to movies created in a square
pixel format or for movies that have a different aspect
ratio than your project.
Fit to Project. Resizes the imported movie as a full
screen image using the project size specified in the
Project Settings window. For more information, see
Project Settings on page 155.
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Options
Description
Key menu
Determines how the movie’s alpha information is used.
The options include:
NoAlpha. Ignores the movie’s alpha channel and makes
the image 100% opaque.
Straight Alpha. Displays the portion of the image
defined by the alpha channel.
•
The image portion where the alpha channel is black (0
pixels) is transparent.
•
The image portion where the alpha channel is white
(255 pixels) is opaque.
•
The image portion where alpha channel levels are
gray display intermediate levels of transparency.
Premultiplied Black. Movies whose alpha channels are
premultiplied with solid black.
Premultiplied White. Movies whose alpha channels are
premultiplied with solid white.
n
If your movie file’s alpha channel is premultiplied
with a color other than white or black, set the
Alpha Channel to Straight Alpha and use the
Premultiplied Alpha Key filter to remove colored
edges after the file is imported.
For information, see Keys and Matte Filters on page 273.
Flip Image menu
Lets you flip the image. The choices include:
Never. Leaves the image unchanged,
Horizontal. Flips image horizontally.
Vertical. Flips image vertically.
H + V. Flips the image both horizontally and vertically.
Start Time
Determines the starting time of the movie file, in frames.
Drag the Face track in the timeline to the appropriate
frame. When you stop dragging, the Start Time display
updates.
Clip Head
Sets a number of frames to clip the head of the movie.
A Mark In appears in the Face track in the timeline at the
frame where the movie begins.
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Resizing Media
Options
Description
Clip Tail
Sets the number of frames to clip the tail of the movie
file.
A Mark Out appears in the Face track in the timeline at
the frame where the movie ends.
Info box
Displays the movie Size in pixels and the Duration in
frames (read only).
To adjust the duration of the movie, use the Start Time,
Clip Head and Clip Tail parameters.
Share Movie option
Select to import the same Movie file multiple times in an
effect, any changes to the Start Time, Clip Head and Clip
Tail parameters are applied globally to all instances of the
movie.
Cache Movie Frames menu
Controls the size of the cached frames. The choices
include:
•
Current Size. Caches frames using the current
resolution setting. Speeds the caching process and
uses less disk space. If you increase the resolution of
your project, recache the frames.
•
Full Size. Caches frames at Full resolution.
Also see Using Frame Cache Features on page 581.
Invert Alpha option
Loop Movie option
Inverts the media’s original alpha channel.
•
Black (0 pixels) areas of the alpha channel is opaque.
•
White (255 pixels) areas of the alpha channel is
transparent.
Select to loop the playback of a movie to create a movie
that extends over the entire length of the effect.
The length is limited by adjusting the tracks’s in and out
keyframes. Set the range of the movie with the Clip Head
and Tail.
The frame numbers (in absolute frames) played at each
point appear in the timeline. An asterisk (*) appears for
frames outside the range of the movie file; the looped
movie treats these frames as transparent.
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Options
Description
Loop Mode menu
Sets the looping mode.
The loop plays for the whole effect, regardless of the Start
Time and the movie duration. The frame output at Start
Time is the first frame of the first loop (the clip head
frame). The Loop Mode menu options are:
•
Forward. Plays the sequence, then repeats from the
beginning. The loop continues until you stop the
preview.
•
Back and Forth. Plays the sequence through, then
plays it in reverse. The first and last frames are not
repeated.
•
BF Repeat Ends. Plays the sequence through, then
plays it back in reverse, but repeats the first and last
frames.
The movie Start Time aligns the loop; the Start Time is
the first frame of the loop.
Loop Increment
Allows you to change the start frame from loop to loop.
Image Media Tab
Options
Description
Aspect menu
Sets the pixel aspect for the file. The menu options include:
4:3 Aspect Ratio. Images with the same aspect ratio as your project that
you create in an Avid editing system by exporting 4:3 media as a still
image.
16:9 Aspect Ratio. Images created in an Avid editing application by
exporting 16x9 media as a still image.
Square Pixels. Graphics created in a square pixel format in third-party
applications or for still images that have a different aspect ratio than your
project. Recommended for importing most still images.
Fit to Project. Resize the image as a full screen image using the project
size specified in the Project Settings window. For more information, see
Project Settings on page 155.
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Options
Description
Key menu
Determines how the image’s alpha information is used. The Key menu
options include:
No Alpha. Ignores the image’s alpha channel and makes the image 100%
opaque.
Straight Alpha. Displays the portion of the image defined by the alpha
channel.
•
The black (0 pixels) image portion of the alpha channel is transparent.
•
The white (255 pixels) image portion of the alpha channel is opaque.
•
Gray image portions of the alpha channel are displayed with
intermediate levels of transparency.
Premultiplied Black. Images whose alpha channels are premultiplied
with solid black.
Premultiplied White. Images whose alpha channels are premultiplied
with solid white.
If an image’s alpha channel is premultiplied with a color other than white
or black, set the Alpha Channel to Straight Alpha and use the
Premultiplied Alpha Key filter to remove colored edges after the file is
imported.
For information, see “Keys and Matte Filters” in the Avid FX Reference
Guide.
Flip Image menu Lets you flip the image. The choices include:
Invert Alpha
option
•
Never. Leaves the image unchanged,
•
Horizontal. Flips image horizontally.
•
Vertical. Flips image vertically.
•
H + V. Flips the image both horizontally and vertically.
Inverts the media’s original alpha channel.
Black (0) areas of the alpha channel are opaque.
White (255) areas of the alpha channel are transparent.
Info box
Displays the image size in pixels and the duration in frames (read only).
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EPS Media Tab
Options
Description
Aspect menu
Sets the pixel aspect for the file. The menu options include:
4:3 Aspect Ratio. For files created by exporting 4:3 Avid
editing application or for 4:3 files created in an animation
program and saved as non-square pixels.
16:9 Aspect Ratio. For 16x9 images created in animation
programs and saved as non-square pixels.
Square Pixels. For files created in a square pixel format or
for still images that have a different aspect ratio than your
project.
Fit to Project. Resize the imported image as a full screen
image using the project size specified in the Project Settings
window. For more information, see Project Settings on page
155.
Info box
Displays the image size in pixels and the duration in frames
(read only).
Host Media Tab
The numbered Video media types correspond to the numbered video tracks in the Avid
editing application. They are assigned to tracks within Avid FX by default when a new effect
is created. Depending on the editing application and the type of effect you apply, up to 99
Video media types may be available.
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Options
Description
Key menu
Determines how the video track’s alpha information is
used. The menu options are:
No Alpha. Ignores the video track’s alpha channel and
makes the image 100% opaque.
Straight Alpha. Displays the area of the image defined
by the alpha channel.
•
Makes the area of the image where the alpha channel
is black (0 pixels) transparent.
•
Makes the area of the image where the alpha channel
is white (255 pixels) opaque.
•
Portions of the image with alpha channel levels
between white and black (gray) are displayed with
intermediate levels of transparency.
Premultiplied Black. Video tracks whose alpha channels
are premultiplied with a solid black or white color,
respectively.
Key menu (continued)
Premultiplied White. Video tracks whose alpha channels
are premultiplied with a solid black or white color,
respectively.
If a video track’s alpha channel is premultiplied with a
color other than white or black, set the Alpha Channel to
Straight Alpha and use the Premultiplied Alpha Key filter
to remove colored edges after the file is imported.
Invert Alpha option
Inverts the media’s original alpha channel, making areas
where the alpha channel is black (0 completely opaque),
and areas where the alpha channel is white (255
completely transparent).
Flip Image menu
Lets you flip the image. The choices include:
Info box
•
Never. Leaves the image unchanged,
•
Horizontal. Flips image horizontally.
•
Vertical. Flips image vertically.
•
H + V. Flips the image both horizontally and
vertically.
Displays the image size in pixels and the duration in
frames (read only).
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Chapter 3
Starting Your Project
After the tour of the desktop, you can now begin a project, set preferences, and bring
in media to the project. To streamline your workflow, consider the type of media that
you will be working with and how you would like to organize your material on the
project window and the timeline.
•
Setting Your Preferences on page 137
•
Importing Media on page 140
•
Creating Projects on page 150
Setting Your Preferences
If you entered Avid FX as a plugin from an Avid editor, Avid FX uses the project
settings specified in the editor. If you are using the Avid FX Engine, make sure that
your project settings and preferences for import and export match those of the source
or destination project. If you are not sure, contact your project leader. Either way, it is
a good idea to review the project settings and preferences at the start of a project.
These include:
•
Project Settings, where you specify options such as Video format, size in pixels,
aspect ratio, FPS, duration, Start timecode, Color depth, Alpha channel, safe
levels, etc.
•
Preferences, which include tabs for Appearance, Behavior, Tools, Import, Export,
and Preview. Depending on your host application and hardware, some of these
options may not be available.
To open the Project Settings window, select Edit > Project Settings. Deselect the
Display Project Settings Window checkbox to prevent the Project Settings window
from appearing every time that you launch Avid FX.
Most preferences become the default until you reset them. The two exceptions are the
Duration and the Project Name options. Preferences apply to entire projects and not to
individual effects. If you change your preferences for one effect in the project, those
Chapter 3 Starting Your Project
settings are used for other effects as well. This is important to know when you’re rendering
several effects at once. If you have effects that render using different settings, you must
render these effects in separate groups.
To set project settings:
1. Select Edit > Project Settings.
The Project Settings window displays.
2. Adjust the parameters to suit your project.
3. Select OK to apply the parameters.
For parameter descriptions, see Project Settings on page 155.
n
If you are using Avid FX Engine, make sure that your Project Settings match those in your
Avid editor.
To set preferences:
1. Select Edit > Preferences.
The Preferences window displays.
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Setting Your Preferences
2. In the Preferences window, go to the appropriate tab and adjust the settings.
3. Click OK to save your preferences settings to your system.
For parameter descriptions, see “Preferences Window” on page 158.
Resetting Values in the Preference Window
Use one of these buttons, included on each tab, to reset values:
Factory Settings
Resets all settings in the Preference window to
the default value
Reset
Resets all values in the current tab
If you believe that your settings may be corrupted, you can delete the preferences file for
your Avid editing system. The files are called AvidFXini and are located in your system32
folder. The next time you start Avid FX, the preferences are set to the default settings and a
new Avid FX preferences file is created.
Saving Preferences
Preferences settings apply to entire projects and not to individual effects. When you click
OK to save preferences, the settings are saved to your system.
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If you change your preferences for one effect, those settings are used for other effects as
well. This is important, especially when rendering several effects at once. If you have effects
that render using different settings, you must render these effects in separate groups.
After adjusting the settings, click OK to save your preferences.
Importing Media
You can import a variety of media files to add to your Avid FX project; these include movie
files, still images, and EPS files. You can import single or multiple files from the Project
window or directly on the timeline.
Batch Importing Media Files
When you batch import multiple files, the files are stored in the Project window. You can
then drag them to tracks in the timeline. See “Adding Tracks and Compositions to the
Timeline” on page 152.
To batch import files:
1. In the Project window, select File > Import or Ctrl+I.
The Import dialog box appears.
2. Navigate to the location of the files
3. Press Shift and select the files or folders.
4. Click Open to import the files.
The files are imported into the Project window.
Importing Sequential Files
Before importing a series of files from a 3rd Party application such as Adobe Photoshop or
Adobe Illustrator, you can create a sequential series of single-image files using a specific
naming convention. You can then import them as animation by assigning them the Movie
media type. Sequential importing is supported for Targa Image Files, TIFs, JPEGs and
PCTs.
To create a sequential series:
1. Name each file Name.n.type where .n indicates the order and type indicates the
appropriate file type suffix.
2. Name the series sequentially and include a “1” for the first file numbering. You cannot
skip any numbers. In addition, all the files must have exactly the same number of digits.
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Importing Media
Importing Media from the Project Window
It is useful to import from the Project window when you want to add new media or multiple
media files to your project. The file is named after the media file you imported.
To import media from the Project window:
1. From the File menu, click Import.
2. Navigate to the location of the media to open it.
The media appears in the Project window.
Importing Media from the Timeline
If you are already working on the timeline, you can import or change media quickly by using
the Change Track Media icon located on either the Shape or Face track. You can also use
this button to create media, such as spline object, spline primitive, gradient and others. See
“Track Media Button” on page 86 and “Add Media Buttons” on page 77.
n
By default, the media track is assigned a video media type that corresponds to a video track
in the Avid editing application. For example, the Video 1 media uses the media on the
Video 1 track in the editing application.
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Importing media from the timeline
Video track
Face track
Change Track
Media icon
1
Click the Media icon of the track
2
Select the media type you want to
import.
3
Navigate to the location of the file to
open it
4
The media icon on the track changes
to represent the media type
Change Track
Media icon
You can also add media to the timeline by using the timeline buttons. This method adds a
new track with the media and the 3D Plane shape on the timeline.
Adding media using the timeline buttons
Add EPS Media button
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Add Spline
Media button
Add Image
Media button
Add Movie
button
1
Click the button for the
type of media you
want to add.
2
Navigate to the
location of the file to
open it.
Importing Media
Importing Movie Files
Add Movie Media button
Avid FX supports all QuickTime-supported movie file formats. It also supports Win32
DirectX supported formats. For a complete list, consult your Release Notes PDF. For a list of
QuickTime-supported file types, consult Apple’s website at www.apple.com.
When importing a movie file, set the cache size and default cache action to speed up the
importing process by caching the frames on a disk file. See “Using Frame Cache Features”
on page 581.
n
Use the Reveal File feature on rendered files in the Render Queue to easily locate rendered
files on your hard drive. See “The Media Files Window” on page 96.
To import movie files from the timeline:
1. Do one of the following:
t
From the Project window, select File > Import.
t
From the timeline, select Movie File as your media type.
t
Click the Add Movie button from the Timeline buttons area.
2. Navigate to the location of the external movie file to open it.
The media icon changes to represent the media type.
3. Click the Face track to set the following options in the Movie Media tab in the Controls
window to adjust the movie file import settings:
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Chapter 3 Starting Your Project
• Fields dominance of the format
• Aspect ratio to determine the pixel ratio for the specified file
• Key to determine how the alpha information in the image is used. If you select No
Alpha, then the movie’s alpha channel is ignored making the image 100% opaque.
If your movie file's alpha channel is premultiplied with a color other than white or
black, set the alpha channel to Straight Alpha and use the Premultiplied Alpha Key
filter to remove colored edges after the file is imported. See “About Keying” on
page 273.
• Flip image
• Start time of the movie in frames. You can either enter the timecode or drag the face
track to the appropriate frame—see “Slipping Movies in the Timeline” on page 50.
• Clip Head and Clip Tail to set the number of frames to clip at the head and tail of the
movie respectively.
n
Any changes to the Start Time, Clip Head, and Clip Tail settings are applied globally to all
instances of the movie
• Check the Share Movie box to import the same Movie file multiple times in an effect.
• Cache Movie Frames to control the size of the cached frames. To speed up the
caching process, set the current resolution size—see “Using Frame Cache Features”
on page 581.
• Check the Invert Alpha box to invert the clip’s original alpha
• Check the Loop Movie box to loop the playback of the movie to create a movie that
extends over the entire length of the effect.
• Loop Mode.
• Loop Increment to change the start frame from loop to loop.
n
When you create looping movies, render the effect with the Better Quality Field Rendering
setting. See “Preview Tab” on page 166.
For detailed parameter descriptions, see“Movie Media Tab” on page 129.
Importing Audio Files
As with movie files, you can import audio from the timeline or the Project window and then
drag to the timeline. Once on the timeline, you can scrub through and synchronize your
effect with the audio. You can also animate volume and balance information using unlimited
keyframes.
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Importing Media
Avid FX supports the audio file formats supported by the latest QuickTime including MP3
files. For information on files supported by Quicktime, see Apple’s web site.
To import audio media:
1. Do one of the following:
• From the Project window, select File > Import.
• From the Track menu, select New Audio Track.
2. Navigate to the location of the audio file to open it.
The audio file appears in
the Project window, if using
the first method.
A new audio track is created on the timeline
3. Making sure the audio track on the timeline is selected, set the following in the Sound
File tab in the Controls window. This adjusts the audio import settings.
• Start time of the file in frames. You can also drag the track to the appropriate frame
on the timeline.
• Clip Head and Clip Tail to set the number of frames to clip at the head and tail of the
audio track respectively
• Duration of the audio clip.
For more information on audio effects, see “Working with Audio Effects” on page 197.
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Importing Still Image Files
Avid FX supports all QuickTime-supported still image file formats including Adobe
Photoshop PSD files. You can import larger than project size images, which you can then
pan and scan. You can also import images that are up to 16,000 pixels by 16,000 pixels.
Preparing Still Image Files for Import
If you are creating or editing a still image file in a third-party application, use the following
guidelines:
n
•
Acceptable still image file formats include all QuickTime supported file
formats—PCTs, Windows Bitmap (BMP), Targa Image Files, TIFs, JPEGs, GIFs,
Photoshop files, PNGs, and Silicon Graphics Image Files. Install QuickTime to use
these files in Avid FX.
•
Save the file at the same size as your Avid FX project. For example, if your project is
640 x 486 in Avid FX, save your still image file at 640 x 486. You can import files that
are larger or smaller than your project size. Larger files are useful for creating pan-andzoom, camera stand-style animations.
•
Adjust the resolution of the image comparable to the image size of the Avid FX project.
Avid FX always renders at 72 dpi (dot-per-inch). For Avid FX, 72 dpi has a resolution of
216 x 360. For example, if you save an image of 300 dpi with a resolution of 900 x
1500, it will be much larger than the default Avid FX project size.
•
Add a one pixel vertical motion blur to eliminate any vertical artefacts in your image
that are only a single pixel high. Otherwise, those single pixels flicker as they cross the
horizontal scan lines of your interlaced video.
You can create a sequential series of single-image files and then import them as animation
by assigning them the Movie media type. See “Importing Sequential Files” on page 140.
To import a still image file:
1. Do one of the following:
• From the Project window, select File > Import.
• From the timeline, select Still Image File as your media type.
• Click the Add Image Media button from the Timeline buttons area.
2. Navigate to the location of the external file to open it.
The media icon changes to represent the media type—see “Track Media Button” on
page 86.
3. Click the Face track to set the following options in the Image Media tab in the Controls
window to adjust the file import settings:
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Importing Media
• Aspect ratio to determine the pixel ratio for the specified file
• Key to determine how the alpha information in the image is used. If you select No
Alpha, then the movie’s alpha channel is ignored making the image 100% opaque.
If your image’s alpha channel is premultiplied with a color other than white or black,
set the alpha channel to Straight Alpha and use the Premultiplied Alpha Key filter to
remove colored edges after the file is imported. See “About Keying” on page 273.
• Flip image
• Check the Invert Alpha box to invert the images’s original alpha
For detailed descriptions for each of these parameters and the options, see “Image Media
Tab” on page 132.
Importing Layered Photoshop Files
Add Image Media button
You can import Photoshop PSD files using the Still Image File media type. Always convert
your PSD file to RGB format before importing it to Avid FX. To access the original layer
information, you must convert the still image file’s Shape track to a container.
To import Photoshop PSD files:
1. Do one of the following:
t
From the Project window, select File > Import.
t
From the timeline, right-click and select New Media > Still Image file.
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t
Click the Add Image Media button from the Timeline buttons area.
2. Navigate to the location of the PSD file to open it.
The icon changes to represent the media type—see “Track Media Button” on page 86.
Select the Shape track containing the PSD file.
3. From the Track menu, select Track > Convert to Container.
The Shape track is converted to a 3D Container track. Each Photoshop layer is recreated
as a 3D Plane track nested inside the 3D container. You can now adjust any of the tracks
or adjust the container track to affect all the nested tracks. You can also use a different
shape type for each layer track.
See “Working with Containers” on page 239.
Importing EPS Files
You can import Adobe® Illustrator® files using the EPS file media type. On Avid Xpress
Pro systems, any file with the .ai or .eps extension is supported.
Add EPS Media button
When you import Illustrator files using the EPS media type, the file is flattened. To access
the file’s original layer information, you must convert the EPS file’s Shape track to a
container.
You can use any of the following shapes when importing EPS files:
•
3D Plane shape: Converts the EPS to a bitmap that shows aliased edges if the scale is
increased.
•
3D Line Art shape: Maintains the EPS file as a resolution-independent vector graphic.
•
3D Extrusion shape: Extrudes a logo and then maps textures or materials to each face.
For more information on Shape types, see “Working with Shapes” on page 305.
Preparing EPS Files for Import
The following are specific considerations that you must take into account:
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n
•
Adobe Photoshop EPS files are not supported.
•
Only files created in Adobe Illustrator version 10 and earlier are supported.
•
If you save a file in Illustrator version 10 and a gradient information is replaced by a
solid color, resave the file in Illustrator version 8 or 9 and reimport.
•
If you do not want to resize the file, save it at a size that matches your Avid FX project
size
•
You can import larger than project size images, which you can then pan and scan in Avid
FX. However, you can only import images that are up to 16,000 pixels by 16,000 pixels.
•
To increase the scale of text without losing quality, convert the outlines to vectors in
Illustrator before importing the file
•
Ensure that your EPS file is Illustrator-compatible before importing it
•
To make sure that the exact colors of the image in Illustrator appear in Avid FX, save the
EPS file in RGB format. Although you can import the image in CMYK format, it may
exhibit a slight color shift in Avid FX.
•
You can convert EPS files to spline objects. The Spline Object media type allows you to
animate and edit shapes composed of splines or paths—see “Converting EPS Files to
Spline Objects” on page 150.
You can reload files to update all occurrences of EPS files.
To import EPS files:
Add EPS Media button
1. In the timeline, click the Shape icon on the appropriate track and select 3D Line Art to
create a vector-based EPS file.
Using any other shape converts the EPS to a bitmap that can show aliased edges if you
increase the scale.
2. Do one of the following:
• From the timeline, select EPS File as your media type.
• Click the Add EPS Media button from the Timeline buttons area.
3. Navigate to the location of the EPS file to open it.
The icon changes to represent the media type.
4. Select the Shape track containing the EPS file in the timeline.
5. From the Track menu, select Track > Convert to Container.
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The Shape track is converted to a 3D Container track. Each Photoshop layer is recreated
as a 3D Plane track nested inside the 3D container. You can now adjust any of the tracks
or adjust the container track to affect all the nested tracks. You can also use a different
shape type for each layer track and intersect the tracks in 3D space, apply lights and
shadows.
Converting EPS Files to Spline Objects
Add EPS Media button
Import EPS files created with Adobe Illustrator into the Avid FX using the EPS file media
type. You can then convert the EPS files to spline objects and edit them in Avid FX. The
Spline Object media type allows you to animate and edit shapes composed of splines or
paths.
To convert EPS files to Spline Objects:
1. Click the Add EPS Media button in the timeline to create a new shape track with EPS
media and the 3D Line Art shape.
A dialog box lets you choose the file.
2. Navigate to the file and click Open.
3. Click the Media icon on the shape track.
4. Select Spline Object from the menu to convert the EPS file to a spline object composed
of the original paths used in Adobe Illustrator.
5. Edit these paths as you would any other spline object.
The Illustrator file is flattened when imported. If you want to access the original layer
information in the imported media, use the technique described in “Preserving the
Original Layers in EPS Files” on page 538.
Creating Projects
A project stores all your imported media, created effects, and compositions.
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Creating Projects
Every time you start Avid FX, a new project is automatically created for you. You will need
to save this project as you progress. Creating any new project or opening an existing project
replaces the tracks and effects on the timeline and the compositions in the Project window.
To open an existing project:
1. Select File > Open Project or Ctrl+O.
2. Navigate to the location of your project to open it.
To create a new project:
•
Select File > New Project or press Shift+Ctrl+N.
Saving Projects
It is good practice to save your projects as frequently as possible, so that if Avid FX
unexpectedly quits you can restore your project by opening the last saved version. You can
use the Save Project Copy As to save multiple versions of your project. Remember, when
setting preferences at the beginning of your project, you can set the Auto Save to
automatically save your work at the specified interval.
Projects can include multiple compositions. You can also save projects to the Library
Browser, a view that lets you quickly preview and apply setting files from the KeyFrame
Library. The KeyFrame Library is a collection of preset effects that is automatically installed
on your system at installation time. You can add, remove, or change these settings files at
any time. When you save a project that includes multiple compositions to the Library
Browser, the thumbnail displays the most recently created composition.
When you open a project that includes multiple compositions, the most recently created
composition is added to the timeline. The other compositions appear in the Project window,
which can then be added to the timeline.
To save a project:
1. Select File > Save Project or Ctrl+S to save your project.
2. In the dialog box, enter a name for the project.
You only need to do this for the first time you save the project. The newly saved version
automatically replaces the existing version.
To save a copy of the project:
•
Select File > Save Project Copy As.
A copy appears with a number appended to the title.
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To save a copy of the project to the Library Browser:
1. Select File > Save Project Copy To Library.
2. Navigate to the folder where you want to save the settings.
3. Enter a name and click Save.
4. Optional: Check the With Thumbnail Previews box if you want to save the settings as an
animated thumbnail.
Reverting to a Saved Project
You can go back to the last saved version of a project. Changes made since you last saved the
project are discarded.
To revert to the saved project:
•
Select File > Revert Project or Ctrl+Shift+R.
Adding Tracks and Compositions to the Timeline
After you have imported all your media, you can drag them from the Project window to the
timeline so you can animate, create effects, or include them in a composite. By default, the
newly created track uses the 3D Plane shape.
All new tracks are added at the beginning of the timeline. You can add them at the current
location of the position indicator by selecting the Insert New Tracks at CTI option when
setting your preferences. This option is available in the Preferences window. See “Behavior
Tab” on page 159.
To replace existing tracks in the timeline, drag the track from the Project window to the
Media track nested inside a track in the timeline. The new media replaces the existing media.
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Creating Projects
Selected media
Background track
The media track is renamed after the new clip and the Track Media icon changes to
appropriate track. In this example, the Movie Track icon appears.
New media
track
3D Plane icon
Movie Track icon
You can also add tracks and containers from the timeline to the Project window by dragging
them. They are automatically named Comp 1, Comp 2, where the number increases as tracks
are added or moved. To select multiple tracks, press Shift+select.
Adding EPS Files to the Timeline
When working with EPS files, the 3D Plane shape converts it to a bitmap and shows aliased
edges if you increase its size.
To add EPS files to the track:
1. In the Project window, select the media.
2. Drag to the timeline.
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3. Click the Shape icon on the track in the timeline and select 3D Line Art.
Adding Compositions to the Timeline
When you insert a composition to the timeline, it is added above tracks in the timeline. The
tracks in the Project window remain unchanged. You can switch the composition in the
timeline by double-clicking the composition in the Project window.
To insert a new composition:
Do one of the following:
t
Select Composition > Insert Composition.
t
Navigate to the location of the composition to open it.
Alternatively,
t
If the Composition is in the Project window, drag it to the timeline.
Consolidate Project
When you use Consolidate Project, all files associated with that project, including the
original media files and Avid FX project file, are copied into a single folder, making it easier
to move Avid FX projects and media to another system. You can then move the folder onto
another system in order to continue working on your project. When you open the
consolidated project, you do not have to relink any of your source media in the Media Files
window.
To consolidate a project:
t
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Choose File > Save Consolidated Project to access this feature.
Consolidate Project
Reference: Projects
This section contains all reference information about projects
Project Settings
Project settings include video resolution, aspect ratio, image size, etc. If you are using Avid
FX Engine, make sure that your Project Settings match those in your Avid editor.
Option
Description
Project
Video formats include NTSC, PAL, DV, HDTV, Cineon, Film, D16 and
Custom Sizes
Some video boards support additional aspect ratios. If you are using a
different aspect ratio, choose Custom from the Project menu and enter the
appropriate Width and Height (in pixels) for the project. If you choose
Custom, you also have to manually enter the FPS.
Video Aspect
Sets the aspect ratio of the rendered movie. Because many video cards can
generate square as well as non-square pixels, and computer screens
generate square pixels, you should know how the final output will be
viewed to generate the correct output from Avid FX.
•
For NTSC and PAL projects, choose 4:3 Aspect Ratio.
•
For widescreen projects, choose 16:9 Aspect Ratio.
•
For web videos, CD-ROM or for projects whose final output will be
seen on a computer monitor, choose Square Pixels.
Width
In Pixels
Height
In Pixels
FPS
The frame rate of the project in frames per second.
•
For NTSC projects, set FPS to 29.97.
•
For PAL projects, set FPS to 25.
•
For multimedia projects, use your specific project’s frame rate. For
example, a CD-ROM movie might play at 15 frames per second.
Duration
Length of the project in hours:minutes:seconds:frames
Start Timecode
Start timecode in hours:minutes:seconds:frames
Project Name
Enter a name for the project.
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Option
Description
Alpha Channel
Controls how Avid FX interprets alpha information for movie files
exported or rendered from your Avid editor. You can override this
setting for a specific composition when exporting or adding to the
Render Queue.
Color Depth
•
Straight Alpha for movies with alpha channels that are not
premultiplied. Straight Alpha displays the area of the image defined
by the alpha channel. The area where the alpha is black (a value of
0) is transparent. The area where the alpha is white (a value of 255)
is opaque. Areas with alpha levels between white and black (gray)
display intermediate levels of transparency. This is the fastest and
best choice for a movie that may be used in additional compositing.
•
Premultiplied Black or Premultiplied White for movies whose
alpha channels are premultiplied with solid black or white,
respectively. Some hardware devices may not composite the color
channels correctly if you choose Straight Alpha, resulting in
problems such as aliased text. This corrects that problem. The level
of black or white used depends on whether the Generate Safe Levels
checkbox is selected.
•
Choose Composite over Black or Composite over White to remove
the alpha channels and composite the image over solid black or
white. The level of black or white used depends on whether the
Generate Safe Levels checkbox is selected.
Options are 8 or 16 bit. The Color Depth button sets the color depth for
your project. 16-bit-per-channel mode makes a larger range of colors
available. When you work with gradients for film effects or HDTV output,
16-bit-per-channel mode means that transitions between colors display less
banding, and more detail is preserved. Using an 8-bit effect in a 16-bit
project will result in a loss of detail.
To optimize performance, create your effect in 8-bit, save a preset and then
render a 16-bit file for maximum quality. However, you should preview the
final effect to make sure that it appears correct. Even if you work with 8-bit
media, in some instances your images may look better in 16 bit,
particularlywhen you use multiple filters or a complex filter with multiple
inputs.
Checkboxes
Display Project
Settings Window
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When selected, this window is displayed each time that you launch FX.
Consolidate Project
Option
Description
Checkboxes
Applies a vertical blur before rendering to help eliminate flickering in text
rolls and reduces jagged edges on moving graphics with hard edges.
1:2:1 Deflickerring
•
Select if you are rendering an effect containing text moving vertically,
(for example, a credit roll) or a moving graphic with hard edges (for
example, a PICT image). Leave deselected for any other type of effect.
•
If your effect contains some static elements in addition to vertically
moving text or graphics, deselect 1:2:1 Deflickering to preserve the
sharpness of the static elements.
n
n
Generate Safe
Levels
If necessary, you can manually blur the text or graphics by applying
a Gaussian Blur filter to the affected tracks. Set Horizontal Blur
Level to 0 and adjust Vertical Blur Level as necessary.
Only apply 1:2:1 Deflickering once—leave this option deselected if
you select 1:2:1 Deflicker in the Render tab of a title container, and
vice-versa. Otherwise, the effect may blur.
Enables an NTSC/PAL level-safe filter that allows only levels that are safe
for broadcast. For example, Avid FX filters allow RGB values across the
full 0-255 range. When Generate Safe Levels is selected, the RGB values
are limited to the NTSC/PAL safe range of 16-235.
Better Quality Field Use when rendering text rolls, crawls, or any animation that uses computerRendering
generated text or graphics, including compositing images using hard alpha
edges (for example, keying text or video over video).
Hold Parameter
Values
•
When selected (the default), Avid FX optimizes the rendering for
quality, ensuring that graphics or text animate smoothly. Takes more
time to render, but will generally correct any problems with jitter or
rough edges on effects.
•
When not selected, Avid FX optimizes the rendering for speed,
appropriate if you are creating effects such as color treatments or blurs
that do not include hard alpha edges. Turning off this option renders
almost twice as fast with no apparent image quality difference, and is
also suitable for processing images for web or graphics applications.
Changes the behavior of the first and last keyframes in your effect. You can
also choose this option by clicking the Hold Parameter Values button in
the timeline. When deselected, if you do not explicitly set a value at the first
or last keyframe, the keyframe uses the default parameter value. When
selected, the first keyframe holds at the value set in the next keyframe. The
parameter value for the last keyframe holds at the value set in the next to
last keyframe.
Hold Parameter Value is most useful when you composite rather than
animate effects.
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Preferences Window
The Preferences window contains a number of tabs for setting up your project, working with
the timeline and preview controls, and rendering your effect. Depending on your host
application and hardware, some of these options may not be available.
To open the Preferences window, select Edit > Preferences.
Appearance Tab
The Appearance tab lets you control the look and feel of the interface.
Option
Description
Common Colors
Sets the default color assigned to Windows, Text, and
Button Highlight.
Timeline Colors
Sets the default color assigned to the Background,
Selection, Shape Track, Media Track, Container Track,
and Filter Track.
Render Progress Bar color
Sets the color of the render progress bar at the top of the
Composition window.
Audio Waveform Color
Sets the default color assigned to the Audio Waveform.
Audio Waveform Type
Sets the default waveform to either Sample or Energy
Plot.
Composite Background Color
Sets the default color assigned to a Composite
Background.
Composite Background Style
Sets the Background Style to either Checkerboard or
Solid Color.
Checkboxes
Show User Marks in Timeline.
Show User Marks in Preview Window.
Show Brush Outline
Show Tool Tips
Show Velocity Curves
Hide Timeline Buttons
Hide Color Ramp in Controls Window
Hide Color Ramp in Text Window
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Option
Description
Use Fonts in Font Menu
Show Cached Frames
Cache Marker Color
Sets the default color for Cache Markers.
Behavior Tab
The Behavior tab contains general settings for the look-and-feel of the interface.
Option
Description
New Track / Comp / Style Creation
Checkboxes
Start With Empty Time
If selected, launches Avid FX with an empty timeline.
Insert New Tracks at CTI
Insert new tracks starting at the Current Time Indicator (CTI).
Use Track Name Counter
Automatically names Track1, Track 2 etc. When not selected,
tracks are named by their media type. For example, when you
create a new effect, the tracks are named Video 1 and Video 2. If
you change a track’s media to Color, the track is automatically
renamed Solid Color. Once you explicitly name a track, the track
retains that name, even if you switch the track’s media type.
Ask for new Color
Automatically opens the system color picker when you choose
Color as a track’s media. When Ask for New Color is not
selected, the track is assigned the last color used. If no color has
been used, the color defaults to black. Change the color by
selecting the Face track and using the controls in the
ColorMedia tab.
Ask for New Style Name
Automatically opens the Style Palette where you can name a newly
created style and click OK. When not selected, the style is
assigned the name .New Style.
Show Dialog on Add To Render
Queue
Opens the Movie Export Settings window each time you add an
item to the Render Queue.
Sticky windows
When the timeline or Project window is moved up or down in
the interface, the Controls and Composite window resize
correspondingly.
Magnetic Windows
When a window is moved, it tends to want to snap to its
neighbor.
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Option
Description
Text Tool Creates menu
Determines which shape is used by default when you create a
text track using the Text tool. The choices are:
3D Plane
3D Line Art
3D Extrusion
See Editing Text from the Text Window on page 398.
Tools Tab
The Tools tab provides basic application and audio scrub options for the Avid FX user
interface.
Options
Description
Basic Application Options
Mouse Wheel Zoom
Select to allow you to use a mouse wheel to zoom in the
composite window—see Mouse Wheel Support on page
69
Auto Save Every N Minutes
Select to save your work to a file at the specified interval.
Maximum Undoable Actions
Lets you specify the levels of undo.
Recent Menu Items
Determines how many recently chosen files or other menu
selections appear in menus as options.
Info Window Pixel Depth
Sets the color depth of the Info Window.
Show Only Browser
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•
With 8 bit chosen, colors are indicated on a scale from
0-255.
•
When 10 bit is chosen, colors are indicated on a scale
from 0-1023.
•
With 16 bit chosen, colors are indicated on a scale
from 0-32768.
•
Current Bit Depth displays either 8-bit or 16-bit,
depending on how the Color Depth button is set.
Available only when using Avid FX as a plugin. Only the
Library Browser displays when you enter the Avid FX
interface.
Consolidate Project
Options
Description
Snap Across 2 monitors
Selecting the Snap Across Two Monitors checkbox and
choosing Windows > Snap All Home returns the windows
to their default locations and sizes the windows so that
they stretch across both monitors. If not selected,
choosing Snap all Home returns the windows to their
default locations and sizes on only one monitor.
Use MDI Window Mode
If selected, the next time Avid FX starts, it creates one
large window with a menu bar and the Controls,
Composite, Project, and Timeline windows nested within.
Audio Scrub
Audio Scrub incoming frames Sets the number of frames that play when you scrub audio
in the timeline.
Audio Scrub outgoing frames
Import Media Tab
The options in this tab determine the default settings used to interpret imported media files.
You can override the defaults in imported files by changing the settings in the Media tab.
Options
Description
Movie Import Defaults
Interpret Field Order menu Specifies the type of field settings to use in interpreting
imported movie files. Options include:
•
None
•
Upper Field
•
Lower Field
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Options
Interpret Alpha menu
Description
Controls how Avid FX interprets alpha information in
imported movie files. The choices include:
No Alpha. Movies without alpha information.
Straight Alpha. Movies with alpha channel are not
premultiplied. Displays the portion of the image defined by
the alpha channel.
•
Areas where the alpha channel is black (0) is
transparent.
•
Areas where the alpha channel is white (255) is opaque.
•
Areas with alpha levels between black and white (gray)
display intermediate levels of transparency.
Premultiplied Black. Movies whose alpha channel is
premultiplied with a solid black.
Premultiplied White. Movies whose alpha channel is
premultiplied with a solid white.
Aspect menu
Sets the pixel aspect for imported movie files. The options
include:
4:3 Aspect Ratio. Creates movies by exporting 4:3 editing
application media or for 4:3 movies created in animation
programs and saved as non-square pixels.
16:9 Aspect Ratio. Creates movies by exporting 16x9 host
media or for 16x9 movies created in animation programs
and saved as non-square pixels.
Square Pixels. Creates movies in a square pixel format or
for movies that have a different aspect ratio than your
project.
n
Import movies as non-square pixels (4:3 or 16:9) if
the movie’s aspect ratio is the same as your editing
application. Otherwise, convert your movie to square
pixels and choose Square Pixels when importing into
Avid FX.
Fit to Project. Scales the movie to a full screen image using
the project size specified in the General tab.
See Project Settings on page 155.
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Consolidate Project
Options
Description
Still Import Defaults
Alpha Channel menu
Controls how Avid FX interprets alpha information in
imported still image files. The choices are:
No Alpha. See Invert Alpha Channel.
Straight Alpha. See Invert Alpha Channel.
Premultiplied Black. See Invert Alpha Channel.
Premultiplied White. See Invert Alpha Channel.
Aspect
Sets the pixel aspect for importing still images.
n
Select Square pixels for graphics created as square
pixels in most graphics programs such as Adobe®
Photoshop® or for still images that have a different
aspect ratio than your project. This choice is
recommended for importing most still images.
Export Media Tab
The Export Media tab options configure render modes used for exporting QuickTime, AVI,
and Flash files. When exporting a movie file, you can choose Best, Fast, or Web mode in the
Render Queue’s Export Settings, in the Export Settings dialog’s Render Settings menu, or
create custom render settings. When exporting a Flash file, the Flash Export settings are
used.
Options
Description
Movie Best Export
Fields menu
Scale menu
Sets the field type used in rendering the movie. The choices
are:
•
None
•
Upper Field
•
Lower Field
Adjusts the size of the exported movie. The choices are:
•
Full
•
Half
•
Quarter
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Options
Description
Quality menu
Sets the render quality of the exported movie file. The
choices are:
High. Use High quality to antialias your image.
Draft. With Draft quality, no antialiasing takes place. This
produces a jagged-edged image but speeds render time.
Use Project Pixel Aspect
Selects the movie file to render using the project’s pixel
aspect ratio.
If deselected, the movie file is rendered at a 4:3 pixel aspect
ratio.
Use Project Frame Rate
Selects the project frame rate to use in rendering the movie
file and the Custom Frame Rate setting is ignored.
If deselected, the Custom Frame Rate setting is used to
render the movie file.
Custom Frame Rate
Uses the rate you set in the field. Type a value and press
Enter.
Movie Web Export
Fields menu
Scale menu
Quality menu
Sets the field type used in rendering the movie. The choices
are:
•
None
•
Upper Field
•
Lower Field
Adjusts the size of the exported movie. The choices are:
•
Full
•
Half
•
Quarter
Sets the render quality of the exported movie file. The
choices are:
High. Use High quality to antialias your image.
Draft. With Draft quality, no antialiasing takes place. This
produces a jagged-edged image but speeds render time.
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Consolidate Project
Options
Description
Use Project Pixel Aspect
Selects the movie file to render using the project’s pixel
aspect ratio.
If deselected, the movie file is rendered at a 4:3 pixel aspect
ratio.
Use Project Frame Rate
Selects the project frame rate to use in rendering the movie
file, and the Custom Frame Rate setting is ignored.
If deselected, the Custom Frame Rate setting is used to
render the movie file.
Custom Frame Rate
Uses the rate you set in the field. Type a value and press
Enter.
Movie Fast Export
Fields menu
Scale menu
Quality menu
Sets the field type used in rendering the movie. The choices
are:
•
None
•
Upper Field
•
Lower Field
Adjusts the size of the exported movie. The choices are:
•
Full
•
Half
•
Quarter
Sets the render quality of the exported movie file. The
choices are:
High. Use High quality to antialias your image.
Draft. With Draft quality, no antialiasing takes place. This
produces a jagged-edged image but speeds render time.
Use Project Pixel Aspect
Selects the movie file to render using the project’s pixel
aspect ratio.
If deselected, the movie file is rendered at a 4:3 pixel aspect
ratio.
Use Project Frame Rate
Selects the project frame rate to use in rendering the movie
file, and the Custom Frame Rate setting is ignored.
If deselected, the Custom Frame Rate setting is used to
render the movie file.
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Options
Description
Custom Frame Rate
Uses the rate you set in the field. Type a value and press
Enter.
Flash Export Options
Images menu
Scale menu
Sets the render quality of the exported Flash file. The
choices, in order of decreasing quality, are:
•
Lossless Quality
•
Max Quality
•
High Quality
•
Normal Quality
•
Low Quality
•
Minimum Quality
Adjusts the size of the exported Flash file. The choices are:
•
Full
•
Half
•
Quarter
Use Simplified Strokes
Saves memory but can cause corners to become rounded. Try
leaving this option selected and check the output to see if the
image is unacceptably distorted.
Loop Playback
Plays the exported Flash movie in a continuous loop.
Prevent Import into Design
Tools
Prevents the exported Flash movie from loading into a webbased animation program such as Macromedia® Flash®.
Preview Tab
The Preview tab provides display options for the Avid FX interface.
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Options
Description
Test OpenGL Hardware
Performs a diagnostic on your hardware to test for
compatibility with the Avid software. You should try to
have the latest driver for your hardware. If your system is
not compatible with Avid FX’s OpenGL requirements,
Avid FX will still work, but hardware video acceleration
will be reduced.
Consolidate Project
Options
Description
OpenGL Acceleration
Hardware-dependent options for OpenGL Acceleration.
IOn, max. texture cahcing is preferred if you have no
problems.
Multi-Processor Enabled
Selected by default if your system has multi-processors.
Mouse Drag Behavior
Checkboxes for:
External Monitor Output
•
Render in Draft Mode by default
•
Accelerated Draft Preview
•
Let Mouse Clicks interrupt Rendering
Allows you to specify the device and mode for an
external monitor on systems running Mojo or
Adrenaline hardware or Media Composer Adrenaline
version 1.5.
Autoconnect at Launch, when selected reconnects the
external monitor when Avid FX starts.
Preview to RAM
Allows you to customize the amount of RAM used for
preview. The options are Full, Half, and a Quarter.
Around Frames
Specifies the number of frames on each side of the CTI to
preview when Preview > Preview to RAM > Around CTI
is selected.
Cache Disk Drive
Lets you specify the disk drive to use for caching.
RAM to Disk Ratio
Lets you specify the RAM to Disk ratio of memory used
for caching
Cache
Size (MB)
Lets you specify the amount of memory to use for Frame
caching.
File Type
The options are:
•
Asynchronous, space permitting
•
Asynchronous
•
Normal.
Cache Movie Frames
Lets you specify either Current or Full Size for cached
frames.
Cache Stiill Images
Lets you specify that still images be cached in RAM.
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Working with Effects and Filters
Avid FX provides you with over 160 different filters and a library of effects presets,
known as the KeyFrame Library.They allow you to alter your images in an endless
number of ways. In addition, you can plug in third-party effects.
•
Working with Effects and Filters on page 172
•
Working with Masks on page 178
•
Working with Pre-Compositions on page 181
•
The KeyFrame Library and the Library Browser on page 184
•
The Filter Palette on page 187
•
The Plug-In Filter Manager on page 188
•
Using the PixelChooser on page 189
•
Previewing Effects on page 192
•
Working with Audio Effects on page 197
Types of Filters
Many of the filters in Avid FX are BCC (Boris Continuum Complete) filters,
distinguished by the BCC prefix. Within the Avid FX installation, the BCC Presets
folder(s) contains presets for all of the BCC filters. A preset is a predefined set of
parameter values for a filter. Numerous additional filters can be found in the Keyframe
Library. As you work, you can save your own settings as presets.
You can still use saved settings that include older filters. When you open an effect that
includes an older filter, the effect opens with the suffix .obs after the filter name.
Although the filter is considered “obsolete,” you can still open it and make changes,
providing compatibility with earlier versions. However, if you plan to continue using
this setting in the future, you should replace the obsolete filter with the corresponding
BCC filter. For example, replace the Red Blur filter with a BCC Blur filter.
Chapter 4 Working with Effects and Filters
Within the Avid FX application, filters are divided into the following categories:
•
Color and Blurs Filters on page 23
•
Distortion and Perspective Filters on page 87
•
Effects Filters on page 133
•
Generators Filters on page 191
•
Keys and Matte Filters on page 273
•
Lights
•
Motion Filters on page 502
•
Time Filters on page 391
•
Wipe Transitions
Loading and Saving BCC Presets
All filters can be saved independent of the project or composition as presets and loaded later.
The Load and Save controls are available in each filter Controls window.
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Presets are only compatible with the filter in which they were created. For example, if you
attempt to load a BCC Cartooner preset into a BCC Blur filter, the preset is ignored. You
can, however, for example load BCC PixelChooser presets that were saved from another
filter's PixelChooser. See “BCC PixelChooser” on page 190.
Each BCC filter includes an on-screen help. Click the Help button to access it.
To load a BCC filter:
t
From the Timeline, select Filters and browse to the filter that you want.
The filter is loaded and applied. The parameters are displayed in the Controls window.
To load a preset:
t
In the Controls window, click the L button and browse to the location where your
presets are stored.
To save a BCC filter:
1. In the Controls window, click the S button.
2. Navigate to the location where you want to save the BCC filter.
Tip: Save the BCC filter in the default location so the system can locate the file easily
when loading it later.
3. To differentiate it from the default BCC filter, rename it.
4. Click Save.
n
Saving a BCC filter setting using this method will not store any animation or keyframes. To
save an animated preset, use the Library Browser. See “Loading and Saving Effects using
the Library Browser” on page 186.
Copying Presets to Your System
You can copy your presets to the BCC Presets folder on your system.
Make sure that:
•
You use the .bcp extension
•
Each preset has more than three characters
•
You copy the preset inside the sub-folder of the filter it was made.
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Assigning Media to BCC Filter Tracks
Some BCC filters will require you to assign a media file to the BCC filter track on the
timeline. When you apply a BCC filter of this type, you will notice that your image in the
Composite window is replaced by another image. In addition, filters that require you to
explicitly assign the media file will include a Use Source Layer Track option in the first tab
in the Controls window.
Media file before the BCC filter is applied
Media file after the BCC filter is applied
Change Track
Media button
To assign a media file to a BCC filter track:
1. Click the Change Track Media button on the BCC filter track.
2. Select the media type, for example, Movie File.
3. Navigate to the location of the media file.
4. Select the file and click Open.
Working with Effects and Filters
You can apply effects and filters to a shape, face, or container track on the timeline. Filters
can also be nested inside the applied track.
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Working with Effects and Filters
When you apply an effect, a filter track is created on the timeline. You must select the shape,
face, or container track on which you want to apply the effect. If you do not select a track,
the filter is applied directly at the top of the timeline. You can adjust the parameters of the
filter to achieve the effect that you want. Some filter tracks contain other sub-tracks such as
the PixelChooser or Map track.
If you do not want to animate a parameter, you must set the default interpolation to Constant
or be sure to select the Toggle Animate/Static Mode button in the Controls window. The
parameter will retain its value throughout the course of the effect without creating new
keyframes on the timeline. You will find this useful when compositing effects.
Toggle Animate/Static
Mode button
Applying Effects and Filters
You can apply a filter to a shape as a upstream or downstream filter. This will determine the
order in which it will processed. See “Upstream and Downstream Filters” on page 174.
To create animated effects, see “Animation” on page 209.
To apply a filter:
1. Select the track to which you want to apply the filter.
2. From the Filters menu, browse to and select a filter.
n
Tip: To apply the last used filter, press Ctrl+F.
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Chapter 4 Working with Effects and Filters
t
n
Alternatively, you can drag a filter from the Filter Palette to the timeline—see “The
Filter Palette” on page 187.
You can also use custom keyboard shortcuts to apply filters. See “Creating Keyboard
Shortcuts” on page 66.
3. Expand the filter track to view the associated parameters.
Filter track
Filter parameters
4. Adjust the desired parameters on the timeline or using the tabs in the Control window
until you are satisfied with the result.
Remember to set the default interpolation to Constant or switch to Static Mode, if you
do not want to animate a parameter. No new keyframes will be added.
Upstream and Downstream Filters
There are two ways to apply a filter to a shape effect, referred to as upstream and
downstream. These terms refer to the order in which the filter is processed in relation to the
shape itself.
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Working with Effects and Filters
About Upstream Filters
An upstream filter is applied to the shape and processed before the shape transformations
occur. It has the following characteristics:
•
Upstream filter characteristics
•
Applies to all shapes
•
Applies to only one shape face
•
Processes before shape transformations occur
•
Uses OpenGL acceleration
•
Provides better performance with both static and animation playback
•
Filters remain visible even if animated
In the following example, the Ripple filter is nested within the Front Face track and is
applied upstream to the front face of the cube. The front face of the cube is spun to the left.
Nested
filters
About Downstream Filters
A downstream filter is applied to the shape and processed after the shape transformations
occur. It has the following characteristics:
•
Downstream filter characteristics
•
Applies to all shapes
•
Applies to the entire shape and all faces
•
Processes after shape transformations occur
•
Slows playback with both animation or static filters
•
Filters are not visible to accelerate interaction
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In this example, the Ripple filter is a downstream filter. The Ripple track is nested within the
cube track and affects the entire shape.
Ripple filter nested in Cube track
Filters and OpenGL Mode
In OpenGL mode, you cannot see non-accelerated objects when you use the on-screen
interactors in the Composite window. When you release the mouse button, the Composite
window displays all objects as follows:
•
Filters are applied upstream to take advantage of Avid FX OpenGL acceleration.
OpenGL is a cross-platform standard that dramatically improves the speed and
interactivity of previews.
•
Downstream filters (animated or static) slow playback performance. However, any
interaction is accelerated since the filters are not displayed.
•
Upstream filters are optimized to provide better performance. If upstream filters do not
animate, playback, and interaction are accelerated. The filters remain visible, even if the
Shape track animates.
•
Animated upstream filters slow playback performance. However, they provide
accelerated interaction, even if the Shape track animates.
Saving Effects and Filters to an Avid Editor
After creating and editing the properties of an effect, you can save it to the Avid editor where
they can be rendered. You can also save the effect as a preset. See “Loading and Saving
Effects using the Library Browser” on page 186.
To save the effects settings to an Avid editing application:
•
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Click the Apply button in the timeline.
Working with Effects and Filters
Saves the effect
n
If you open an Avid FX effect from an editing application after your effect is rendered and do
not make any changes to your effect, click Cancel to exit Avid FX and keep your effect
rendered. Otherwise, you will need to render the effect again.
Inserting Settings Into an Effect
You can insert a settings file into any effect.
To insert a settings file:
1. Open a settings file in the Library Browser or Avid editing application.
2. Select the track above which you want to insert the new tracks.
For example, if you want the inserted tracks to appear at the top of the timeline, select
the top track.
3. From the File menu, select Insert Settings.
4. In the dialog box that appears, select the file and click Open.
Instead of replacing the effect in the timeline, add the settings file is added.
Changing Filters on the Timeline
You can switch to a different filter at any time.
To change a filter:
1. Click the Filter button.
Filter
button
Filter Visibility: Switches
between viewing the
image with and without
the filter
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Chapter 4 Working with Effects and Filters
2. From the menu, select a different filter.
Viewing Filters
You can turn the filters on a track on or off by using the Filter Visibility button. When the
Filter Visibility is on, the filtered output can be viewed in the Composite window and in the
rendered output.
Filter Visibility button
Turning off a track’s filter visibility speeds preview time when you are not working with that
track. When off, the track appears unfiltered in the Composite window and in the rendered
output. In the following example, a Directional Blur filter is applied to the background track
and filter visibility is turned off to speed previews.
Working with Masks
A powerful feature when compositing is the ability to apply an effect to certain channels
(channel masking) or to certain pixels using a mask. A mask is a section of media that
contains an alpha (transparent) channel, which is used to hide part of another image.
Each Shape and Face track contains a Mask track. When you apply a mask to an object, the
object becomes transparent wherever the mask's alpha channel has a value of 0 and remains
opaque wherever the mask's alpha channel's value is 255. Intermediate alpha channel values
produce semi-transparent areas in the object.
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Working with Masks
Upstream and Downstream Masks
You can apply a mask as an upstream or downstream mask. These terms refer to when the
mask is processed in relation to the shape’s transformations.
About Upstream Masks
When you apply an upstream mask to a shape’s Face track, it becomes part of that face’s
media and is processed before shape transformations occur. In the following example, the
mask is applied first, then the masked face is curved into a cylinder.
When the mask is in the upstream position, it is treated as part of the track’s media.
Therefore, when you move the 3D Plane track, the mask moves with it.
n
You cannot create upstream masks for any composition that uses the 3D Line Art shape as it
does not have a Mask track nested in the Face track.
About Downstream Masks
When you apply a downstream mask to the shape track itself and process after the shape
transformations occurs. In the following example, the face is curved into a cylinder first,
then the output is masked by the mask track.
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When the mask is in the downstream position, the mask does not move when you reposition
the 3D Plane track because the mask is applied after shape positioning takes place. In this
example, the track media was moved so that its edges are seen through the mask.
You can also create rectangular downstream masks using the controls in the Mask tab. Also
see “Masking the Shape” on page 317.
Applying a Mask to a Track
Add 3D Plane button
You can use any still or moving image with an alpha channel to mask another image.
The Spline Primitive media type allows you to quickly create spline objects in basic shapes,
including rectangles, circles, stars, arrows, hearts, and medallions. You can drag these
shapes into Mask tracks to quickly create masks or transitions. See “Using Spline Media” on
page 521.
To apply a mask to a still image:
1. Create a new 3D Plane track using one of the following:
• Select Track > New Shape > 3D Plane.
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Working with Pre-Compositions
• Click the Add 3D Plane button in the timeline.
2. Assign the media you are using for the mask to this new track.
Use the alpha channel of the image file for the mask.
3. Expand the track you want to mask to reveal its Mask tracks.
Shape Mask track
Face Mask track
n
If you do not see the Mask tracks in the timeline, go to Edit > Preferences to open the
Preferences window, and select Show Mask Tracks in the General tab.
4. Drag the mask you created into the Mask track as follows:
• For a downstream mask effect, use the shape’s Mask track.
• For an upstream mask effect, use the Mask track nested in the Face track.
Working with Pre-Compositions
When you want to apply a common effect on different media tracks on the timeline, it is best
to use the method of pre-composition. It allows you to composite two or more tracks into
one bitmap 3D plane shape track before any further compositing can be done. Precomposition tracks are equivalent to a 3D plane shape with color media, but with the color
media track hidden. You can apply masks and filters as you would with a 3D plane shape.
You can even adjust its size. See “Resizing Media” on page 127.
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Chapter 4 Working with Effects and Filters
Pre-compositions are very useful when you work with 3D chart containers as they include so
many elements. If you want to add a drop shadow to all the elements in your chart, you will
find it easier to pre-compose the 3D chart container and then add the drop shadow, instead of
applying it to each element in the chart. As a bonus, the pre-composite will render more
quickly.
In this example, there are 3 separate media tracks that create one word: HOT. To add a drop
shadow effect on the word, you can treat each element separately, which is not only time
consuming but you may not achieve the exact result for each letter. It is much easier to create
a pre-composite with the three elements and then add the effect to the result.
Each letter has its own media track as
seen on the timeline
Background track
To create a pre-composition
1. Select the tracks on the timeline that you want to use in the pre-composition.
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Working with Pre-Compositions
2. Do one of the following:
t
Click the Add Pre-Composition button in the timeline window.
t
From the Track menu, select New Pre-Composition
A pre-composition track is created. It contains the selected tracks.
3. To add a drop shadow effect, make sure the Pre-Composition track is selected.
4. In the Controls window, select the Shadow tab. This is where you will set the properties
of the drop shadow.
5. Click the Toggle Drop Shadow button at the bottom of the Controls window.
Toggle Drop
Shadow button
6. Set the distance, opacity, and softness values.
7. Set the color of the drop shadow.
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Notice that the drop shadow is applied equally to all the letters.
The KeyFrame Library and the Library Browser
The KeyFrame Library is a collection of preset effects that are automatically installed on
your system. The Library Browser window allows you to preview and apply the presets. The
Library Browser not only lists presets but also shows any presets that you may have saved
while working in your project.
The KeyFrame Library is installed in the following directory in an Avid editing application
such as Xpress Pro: Avid\Avid FX\Keyframe Libraries\Avid FX KeyFrame Library
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The KeyFrame Library and the Library Browser
Animated preview
Quality, Preview,
and Effect buttons
Source Folder
menu
Available Effects
window
Available Categories
window
Comments box
The Library Browser is a great way to teach yourself how to use Avid FX. You can insert an
a setting file and adjust the parameters. Use the Smart View to display only the parameters
that you changed.
n
The first time you browse the KeyFrame Library you must click the Generate Thumbnails
button to generate thumbnail images for the effects. To reduce processing time, it is best to
do this from the Avid FX Engine itself, rather than from within your Avid editor.
To access the Library Browser:
t
Select Window > Library Browser.
Previewing Animated Thumbnails
Before you decide whether you should use a setting file, you can preview how it’s animated
first, and then decide what changes you would like to make once the file is on the timeline.
When Animate Thumbnails is off and you select a thumbnail and press the left or right arrow
key, the thumbnail image changes allowing you to scroll through the effect. This is
especially useful in previewing effects in the KeyFrame Library. If Animate Thumbnails is
on, the arrow keys allow you to move from thumbnail to thumbnail in the Available Effects
window.
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To preview animated thumbnails:
1. Select the file in the Available Categories window.
2. Click the Animate Thumbnails button.
3. Click again to stop the thumbnail previews.
4. Click in a blank area of the available effects window to play animated RAM previews of
all the effects in the current category.
Loading and Saving Effects using the Library Browser
Having previewed the effects in the Library Browser, you can go ahead and apply or load
them on the timeline. If you are creating a lot of customized effects for later use, it’s a good
idea to create a folder and subfolders to store them in.
You can also save effects to the Library and reuse them later.
If you save the file without a preview, then no preview image is associated with the
thumbnail in the Available Effects Window. However, you can still preview the effect by
generating the thumbnail. See “Library Browser Buttons” on page 207.
To load an effect from the Library:
1. From the Window menu, select Library Browser.
2. Navigate to find the setting file that you want.
3. Select the file and press Play to view in an animated RAM preview.
4. Do one of the following:
• Insert Effect: This inserts the selected effect in the timeline.
• Open Effect in New Composition: This opens a new composition with the effect on
the timeline. You will be asked to save the effect settings of your current project.
A new composition from the Library Browser replaces an existing composition in
the timeline.
5. Optional: Enter a comment for the selected file.
6. Adjust the parameters of the effect on the timeline.
n
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To add an effect from the Library Browser without deleting the tracks in the timeline, go to
the Composition menu and select Insert Composition. Navigate to the KeyFrame Library
and select the effect.
The Filter Palette
To save a effect to the Library:
1. Select File > Save Project Copy To Library.
2. Navigate to the directory where you want to save the effect.
3. Enter a name and press Enter.
The Filter Palette
The Filter Palette is a window that lets you view all the filters in the current filters set, switch
between filter sets, and search for a specific filters. You can also use it to apply filters.
To apply a filter from the Filter Palette:
1. From the Window menu, select Show Filter Palette.
Set drop-down list
Find/search box
2. Do one of the following:
t
Drag the filter from the Filter Palette to the appropriate track in the timeline.
t
Select the appropriate track in the timeline and double-click the filter in the Filter
Palette. If no track is selected, the filter is applied directly to the timeline.
To find a specific filter:
•
Type the filter name in the Find window and press Enter.
To view a filter set:
•
Select the filter set name from the Set menu.
Filter sets are created in the Plug-in Filter Manager window.
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The Plug-In Filter Manager
In addition to the supplied filters, many third-party filters, such as for Adobe After Effects,
can plug into Avid FX. You can manage and turn on/off all of these by using the Plug-In
Filter Manager. To streamline your workflow and reduce clutter, you can create custom filter
sets. For example, you can create a filter set for a specific project or group filters according
to how you use them.
To create filter sets:
1. From the Window menu, select Plug-in Filter Manager.
2. Select All Filters from the Current Filter Set menu.
3. Click the Duplicate Set button.
4. In the dialog window, enter a name for the new filter set and click OK.
5. Select the filter set that you created from the Current Filter Set menu.
6. Turn the appropriate filters on or off and click Done.
To turn filters on and off:
1. Click a filter’s checkbox to turn it on or off.
2. Click Done when you are finished.
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Using the PixelChooser
Using the PixelChooser
The PixelChooser offers different way to selectively filter images. Filters can be applied to a
section of an image by specifying a geometric region or by using the image’s luma or color
information, without necessarily applying the effect to the entire image.
You can also use the PixelChooser feature across tracks. Note that all PixelChooser
parameters are animatable.
Here are some examples with illustration showing various PixelChooser options:
•
In this example, the PixelChooser selects pixels based on the image’s Red channel,
causing the Spray Paint Noise filter to be applied only to pixels whose Red value is
highest.
•
In this example, the PixelChooser’s region controls are used to specify a rectangular
area in which to apply the filter.
•
In this example, both the channel controls and region controls are used to select pixels.
When the PixelChooser is selecting pixels based on both their channel values and their
location on the screen, pixels are chosen only if they are fully meet both of the selection
criteria.
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The PixelChooser performs the same basic operations in most filters. After examining each
pixel in the image, it decides how to process each pixel based on its location and/or the
channel values in that pixel or the corresponding pixel in the PixelChooser Track.
•
If it decides that a pixel not does meet the selection criteria, the source pixel is copied to
the output and left unfiltered. Unfiltered pixels are black in the mask.
•
If it decides that a pixel fully meets the selection criteria, the filtered pixel replaces the
source pixel in the output. Filtered pixels are white in the mask.
•
If it decides that a pixel partially meets the selection criteria, a mix of the source pixel
and filtered pixel appears in the output. Partially filtered pixels are gray in the mask.
BCC PixelChooser
All BCC filters have their own PixelChooser, with parameters which may not be available
for other filters, including the ability to save and load presets. All BCC filters include:
•
BCC PixelChooser Tab on page 463
•
Region Tab on page 466
•
Matte Tab on page 477
Load/Save
buttons
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Using the PixelChooser
Contextual Controls
Avid FX supports contextual controls, so parameters that do not apply are dimmed in the
BCC PixelChooser tabs and labelled Unused.
For example, the Center X and Center Y parameters in the PixelChooser Region tab do not
have any affect if the Region Type menu is set to Distance to Edge, so they are labelled
Unused. When the Region Type menu is set to Distance to Point, the two parameters become
active and are labelled Center X and Center Y.
Working with PixelChooser Presets
After you apply a filter and adjust the BCC PixelChooser parameters, you can save and load
settings using the Preset menu in the BCC PixelChooser parameter group. Unlike the other
BCC presets which are only compatible with the filter in which they were created,
PixelChooser presets allow you to move parameters between filters. For example, you can
load a BCC PixelChooser preset created in the BCC Twirl filter into a BCC Glow Matte
filter.
See “Loading and Saving BCC Presets” on page 170.
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Creating Wipes with the PixelChooser
This is an example of what you can achieve with the PixelChooser feature. You can easily
create wipes from one image to another using the PixelChooser’s region controls and the
Make Alpha Key filter. See “BCC Make Alpha Key” on page 311.
Time 00:00:00:15
Time 00:00:01:00
Time 00:00:01:15
To create wipes:
1. Create two tracks in the timeline and place the starting image on the top track and the
transition media (the ending image) on the bottom track.
2. Apply the Make Alpha Key filter to the top track. In the Controls window, set Alpha
From to Full On.
3. You can now animate the PixelChooser’s region controls to create a wipe between the
source image and the transition image.
To create a soft-edged wipe:
•
Adjust the Blend controls.
The wipe in the example below was created using the Distance to Point region type, setting
the center point in the top left corner, and animating the To value until the flower image fills
the screen.
Previewing Effects
You can preview effects as you apply them to individual tracks and entire compositions, or
as you apply animation, to see how the rendered output appears.
When working on one track in a complex composition, you can preview the isolated element
more rapidly by closing the Composite window and opening a Preview window for the track.
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Previewing Effects
Using J,K,L Keys
You can use the J-K-L key to control playback.
•
L plays forward at normal speed,
•
J plays backwards at normal speed and
•
K stops playback.
•
Press L or J again plays at quarter speed forward or backwards.
Previewing Effects on a Track
You must make sure that only the track you want to preview is visible.
Toggle Track Visibility
To preview an effect an individual track:
1. Make sure that the only the track you want to preview is visible.
2. Do one of the following:
t
Click the track’s preview button.
t
Select Track > Preview Track.
Preview
3. In the Preview window that opens, press play or hit the space bar.
4. Do the following depending on how you want to view your material:
t
QuickTime Source Preview window: Press Alt+click + the Preview icon in a movie
track. This is useful for Quicktime movies.
The Preview window shows the track’s content, including the track’s shape and
source media with any nested filters or masks. You can play QuickTime movies in
real time without previewing to RAM.
t
Half-size Preview window: Press Shift+Alt+click.
5. Use the J, K and L keys to control playback—see “Using J,K,L Keys” on page 193.
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Previewing to RAM
Previewing to RAM (PTR) defaults are set in the Preview tab of the Preferences window.
PTR plays in the Composite window only if the Timeline or the Controls is active. PTR
plays back the effect or animation in real time without rendering to disk. Your system plays
as much of the effect as possible depending on your system’s available memory.
The effect or animation plays slowly as Avid FX caches every frame. After the first time the
effect plays in real time. Preview to RAM plays from the current position of the position
indicator forward. It plays once, loops play, or plays forward and back, depending on the
Loop setting in the Composite window. See “Playback Controls” on page 71 for information
on the Loop setting.
To preview effects and
animation
Do this
In the current Preview window
Select Preview > Preview to RAM to play back in real
time without rendering to disk.
At half rate
Select Preview > Preview to RAM at Half Rate to
preview every other frame.
At quarter rate
Select Preview > Preview to RAM at Quarter Rate to
preview every fourth frame to RAM.
on an external video monitor
Select Preview > Preview to RAM on Monitor. This
option is not available in all host applications.
The PTR Range submenu includes the following options.
•
In To Out previews the frames between the current In and Out Marks.
•
From CTI previews from the position of the CTI to the end of the composition.
•
To CTI previews from the beginning of the composition to the position of the CTI, in
reverse order.
•
Around CTI previews from a set number of frames before the CTI to the same number
of frames. You set the number of frames in the Preview tab of the Preferences window.
•
Between User Marks previews the area between two user marks. The CTI must be
between the two user marks. If the composition includes only a single user mark, the
first frame and the last frame count as user marks.
•
Entire Composition previews the entire composition.
When PTR is interrupted, the program immediately plays or loops the rendered region.
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Previewing Effects
Previewing with Square Pixels
Preview with Square Pixels shows your project at 4:3 aspect ratio, the standard used by the
television industry. It provides an accurate portrayal of your project on a television monitor.
This option is selected by default.
Previewing with the Caps Lock Key
Holding down the Caps Lock key disables or suspends rendering in the Composite window,
letting you quickly adjust parameters. The Composite window displays a message over the
effect.
You can change any parameter or move the position indicator while pressing the Caps Lock
key and the image remains unchanged. When you release it, the image will update.
n
Undoing actions while pressing the Caps Lock key does not refresh the Composite window
image. Holding it down will not affect final rendering.
Refreshing Video and Images
You can updates the Preview window to the correct frame for the current time in the effect.
If you have the Update Source option selected by default you do not need to keep refreshing
the image as it will always be updated to the correct frame. See “Controlling the Source
Imagery” on page 195.
To update the Preview window:
•
Select Preview > Refresh Image.
Previewing Effects with Audio
You can preview your effect with audio at anytime.
To preview with audio:
1. Select Preview to RAM to play your effect with the audio.
Controlling the Source Imagery
You can control the source imagery used in the Preview window. For example, you can view
a single frame of video that is linked to your effect:
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Chapter 4 Working with Effects and Filters
To control the source imagery:
1. Select Preview > Image
2. Select one of the following:
•
Proxy: Lets you view your effect even if you do not have media associated with it.
Instead, the numbers 1 and 2 are substituted for the outgoing and incoming clips as
determined by the host editing application.
•
Use Source: Lets you view a single frame of video associated with your effect. The
program shows the first frame of video throughout the effect. The still image does not
update as your effect moves.
•
Update Source: Lets you view the actual video on a frame-by-frame basis while
previewing the effect. This slows playback, but allows for a completely frame accurate
preview.
Using an External Monitor to Preview Effects
An external monitor can also be used to preview effects.
Updating the External Monitor
You can auto-update monitor previews every frame of your effect to an external video
monitor connected to your hardware. This is not available in some Avid editing applications
or system configurations.
To auto-update an external monitor:
•
Select Preview > Auto-update Monitor
Displaying Current Frames or High Quality Video
Display Frame on Monitor button
You can do the following:
196
•
Preview the current frame in the Composite window to the external video monitor.
•
Previews high quality on the external monitor even when you are working in Draft
mode.
Working with Audio Effects
To view the current frame in the external monitor:
1. Do one of the following:
• Click the Display Frame on Monitor button in the upper-right corner of the Composite
window.
• Select Preview > Display Frame to Monitor.
The image displays on the external monitor using the Resolution and Quality settings
specified in the Composite window.
To preview in high quality video to an external monitor:
•
Select Preview > Display HQ Frame to Monitor.
Working with Audio Effects
After importing audio files to Avid FX, you can synchronize your effects with the audio,
fine-tune the audio properties by adjusting its values, and animate the volume and balance to
create interesting audio effects. Always scrub through the audio to enable easier reference
and synchronization during effect animation design. You can adjust from the Preferences
window the number of incoming and outgoing frames you hear when you scrub. See “Tools
Tab” on page 160.
Avid FX supports the audio file formats supported by the latest QuickTime, including MP3
files.
Creating an Audio Track on the Timeline
Creating an audio track is similar to importing an audio file.
To create an audio track:
1. Right-click an empty are in the timeline and select New Audio Track.
2. In the window that appears, navigate to the location of the file.
A new audio track is created on the timeline. It is pushed to the top of the timeline. To
reorder the tracks, see “Reordering Tracks on the Timeline” on page 42.
3. Set the sound file properties:
• Start time of the file in frames. You can also drag the track within the timeline to the
appropriate frame.
• Clip Head and Clip Tail to set the number of frames to clip at the head and tail of the
audio track respectively
• Duration of the audio clip.
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4. Set the sound parameter properties—see “Sound Parameters” on page 207.
To replace an audio file in an audio track:
•
Select the audio track and click the Load File button in the Controls window.
Displaying Audio Waveforms
When you select the audio waveform track, the waveform is displayed in the timeline. There
are two types of waveforms, Energy and Sample. You can determine the type of waveform
you want to display in the audio track when setting your preferences. See “Appearance Tab”
on page 158.
Energy Plot displays only
the peaks of the audio
amplitude in the waveform
from the baseline
Sample Plot displays the
entire amplitude of the audio
waveform
As displaying waveforms can sometimes slow down previews, close the waveform track
when you are not using it.
Displaying Audio Meters
You can display an audio meter to monitor the levels of your audio track.
To display the meters:
•
198
From the Window menu, select Show Audio Meters.
Working with Audio Effects
To close the meters:
•
From the Window menu, select Hide Audio Meters.
Playing Back Audio
You can playback or preview audio tracks individually or mixed with other tracks.
To play back a single audio track:
•
Click the Audio Preview icon on the audio track.
The track’s audio plays from the current position of the position indicator, ignoring any
marks in the timeline.
Audio Monitor icon
Audio Preview icon
To playback all audio tracks mixed together:
•
Set the position indicator where you want the audio to begin and select Preview >
Preview Audio.
All audio tracks play mixed together starting at the position indicator, ignoring any
marks in the timeline. Tracks whose Audio Monitor icon is disabled will not play.
n
When you create or import multiple tracks in the timeline, their volume levels are
automatically mixed.
Playing Back Audio with Effects
You can playback audio while previewing your compositions.
To playback audio with effects:
t
Do one of the following:
• From the Preview menu, select Preview with Audio.
• From the Preview menu, select Preview to RAM, if you want to play the audio
track(s) in the timeline with the effect.
n
Previewing to RAM with audio takes longer to render than Previewing to RAM without
audio. Turn Preview with Audio off when you do not need to hear audio.
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Chapter 4 Working with Effects and Filters
Animating Volume and Balance
When you want to adjust the volume or balance at different stages on the timeline, you can
use the animation capabilities to automate the volume and balance of your audio signals.
Here is a simple example for animating the volume. You can use the same procedure to
animate the audio balance. Also see “Animation” on page 209.
To create a volume animation:
1. Select the Volume track and place the position indicator at the beginning of the timeline.
2. On the timeline, set the volume interpolation to Ease In/Out and enter a value of 0.
A keyframe appears in the Volume track.
Volume interpolation setting
Bézier handles
3. Move the position indicator in the middle of the timeline.
4. Set the volume interpolation to Ease In/Out and enter a value of 180.
A keyframe with red bézier handles appears at this position.
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Working with Audio Effects
5. Move the position indicator at the end of the timeline.
6. Set the volume interpolation to Ease In/Out and enter a value of 0.
A new keyframe appears with red bézier handles.
You can drag the bézier handles to ramp the volume gradually or adjust each bézier
handle independently by pressing the Alt key while dragging the handle.
For information on how to use value and velocity curves in Volume and Balance tracks,
see “Manipulating the Value Curve” on page 229.
7. From the Preview menu, select Preview Audio or click the Audio Preview icon to hear
the changes you made.
n
Previewing to RAM with audio takes longer to render than Previewing to RAM without
audio. Turn Preview with Audio off when you do not need to hear audio.
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Reference: Effects and Filters
This section contains reference information about effects and filters.
•
Preview Menu on page 202
•
Sound File on page 206
•
Sound Parameters on page 207
Preview Menu
The Preview menu controls how to display an effect.
Options
Description
Connect to External
Monitor
Connects to the external monitor.
Auto Update Monitor
Previews every frame of your effect to an external video monitor
connected to your hardware. This option may not be available in
some host applications or system configurations.
Display Frame on Monitor Previews the current frame in the Composite window to the
external video monitor. Press Ctrl+Alt+P or click the Display
Frame on Monitor button in the upper-right corner of the
Composite window. The image displays on the external monitor,
using the Resolution and Quality settings specified in the
Composite window.
Display HQ on Monitor
Refresh Image
n
This option may not be available in some hosts.
n
This option may not be available in some hosts.
Always previews high quality on the external monitor, even
when you are working in Draft mode to save rendering time.
Press Shift+Ctrl+P to choose this option.
Updates the Preview window to the correct frame for the current
time in the effect. Press Ctrl+G.
n
202
Using Update Source makes Refresh Image unnecessary
since Update Source always updates your preview to the
correct frame. See Using the Image Sub-menu.
Toggle Quality
Toggles between the Fast and Best preview modes.
Toggle Mark
Toggles between different Mark modes. The modes are None,
Title-Safe Area, and Grid.
Working with Audio Effects
Options
Description
Hide Guides
Hides any visible guides that you have created.
Snap to Guides and Snap
to Grid
Snap to Guides and Snap to Grids commands help you to
precisely position objects by forcing the object to automatically
align with the nearest guide line or grid line.
See Using Grids and Guides on page 55.
Quality
Controls the quality of the source imagery used in the preview
area. You can also set these options in the Composite window as
well.
High
Displays an image with anti-aliasing. Because this setting affects
how the image is rendered you should use High quality when
rendering your final effect.
Draft
Displays an image with no antialiasing that produces a jaggededged image but speeds preview time.
Scale
Sets the preview size. A setting of 50% creates a preview half the
size of the full-size image. The smaller scale allows you to use
lower resolution without losing quality to speed preview time.
Press the Shift key and choose a Scale setting to zoom the
Composite window to exactly fit the image.
Resolution
Control the quality of the source imagery used in the preview
area. You can also set these options in the Composite window.
Full
Displays an image at full resolution. Because this setting affects
how the image is rendered, you should use Full resolution when
rendering your final effect.
Half
Displays an image with only half the pixels of the original
image. Using lower resolution settings speeds preview time.
Quarter
Displays an image with only one fourth the pixels of the original.
Using lower resolution settings speeds preview time.
Image
Proxy
These settings control the source imagery used in the preview
area.
Lets you to view your effect even if you do not have media
associated with it. Instead, the numbers 1 and 2 are substituted
for the outgoing and incoming clips as determined by the host
editing application.
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Chapter 4 Working with Effects and Filters
Options
Description
Use Source
Lets you view a single frame of video associated with your
effect. The program shows the first frame of video throughout
the effect. The still image does not update as your effect moves.
Update Source
Lets you to view the actual video on a frame-by-frame basis
while previewing the effect. This slows playback, but allows for
a completely frame accurate preview.
OpenGL Mode
Off
Hardware acceleration speeds previews. You can also adjust this
option in the Preferences window. See Setting Your Preferences
on page 137.
Disables the OpenGL hardware acceleration, providing the
slowest performance. If you choose Off, the system offers only
software OpenGL acceleration. Select this option if your system
does not include a supported OpenGL card. You can use the Test
OpenGL Hardware button to determine if your system includes a
supported card. See Preview Tab on page 166.
On, no texture caching Enables the OpenGL acceleration but not texture caching.
On, some texture
caching
Enables the OpenGL acceleration and a limited amount of
texture caching. Try this setting if the recommended setting
generates garbage images.
On, Max. texture
caching
Provides the best performance and is the recommended setting.
OpenGL is only used for previews and interaction. OpenGL does
not accelerate the final rendering of images.
Open GL Interactor
Show Interactor
Lets you hide or display the interactors.
Translation Interactor
Allows you to position the selected object. This default mode is
indicated by arrows at the ends of the interactors.
Rotate Interactor
Allows you to spin, tumble and rotate the selected object.This
mode is indicated by circles at the ends of the interactors.
Scale Interactor
Allows you to scale the selected object. This mode is indicated
by cubes at the ends of the interactors.
Mark
204
Allows you to position, scale and rotate tracks. The interactors
appear in the Composite window when you select a track in the
timeline. With the Composite window active, choose the
appropriate option.
Displays visual cues to help you align items and ensure images
are broadcast-safe. (Face and Media track preview windows do
not display marks.)
Working with Audio Effects
Options
Description
None
Does not include any marks in the Composite window.
Title Safe Area
Adds boundaries to the Composite window which helps to
ensure that your titles and images are not cut off or distorted
when viewed on a television monitor. The inner bounding box
represents the Title Safe area. The outer bounding box represents
the Action Safe area.
Grid
Adds a white grid to the Preview. This is helpful when aligning
titles along a common baseline or placing multiple picture-inpicture images symmetrically across the frame. You can set the
number of grid cells in the Preferences window. For more
information, see Preview Tab on page 166.
Channel
Selects the image channels that are displayed.
Select one of the following: RGB, Red, Green, Blue or Alpha.
n
Alpha channel is useful when working with masks or
filters that create an alpha channel.
Controls
See On-Screen Controls on page 73
Mark In/Out
Sets the mark in and out points.
Mark In
Creates a mark in point
Mark Out
Creates a mark out point
Move position
indicator to Mark In
Moves the position indicator to the Mark In point.
Move position
Moves the position indicator to the Mark Out point.
indicator to Mark Out
Preview with Square
Pixels
Shows your project at 4:3 aspect ratio, the standard used by the
television industry. Previewing at the 4:3 aspect ratio provides an
accurate portrayal of your project on a television monitor. A
check mark appears in the menu when Preview with Square
Pixels is selected. This option is selected by default.
See Previewing with Square Pixels on page 195
Preview with Audio
plays the Audio track(s) in the timeline with the effect
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Chapter 4 Working with Effects and Filters
Options
Description
Preview to RAM
Previews animations and effects in the current Preview window
played back in real time without rendering to disk. Your system
plays as much of the effect as possible depending on your
system's available memory.
See Previewing to RAM on page 194.
Preview to RAM at Half
Rate
Previews every other frame to RAM.
Preview to RAM at
Quarter Rate
Preview every fourth frame to RAM.
Preview to RAM on
Monitor
Preview Audio
Previews to RAM on an external video monitor.
n
This option may not be available in all host applications.
Previews audio to RAM. See Previewing Effects with Audio on
page 195.
Sound File
When you select an audio track in the timeline, the Sound File tab appears in the Controls
window.
Options
Description
Start Time
Determines the starting time of the file, in frames.
For example, if you have a four second effect and a two second audio file
and you want the file to start playing 15 frames into the effect, set Start
Time to 15. You can also set the Start Time by dragging the track in the
timeline to the appropriate frame. When you stop dragging, the Start Time
display updates. For more information, see Slipping Movies in the
Timeline on page 50.
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Clip Head
Sets the number of frames to clip at the head of the audio file. For example,
if you set Clip Head to 20, the first 20 frames of the file are trimmed, and
the file begins at frame 21.
Clip Tail
Sets the number of frames to clip at the tail of the audio file. For example,
if you set Clip Tail to 20, the movie ends at frame 20.
Duration
Displays the duration of the audio clip in timecode.
Working with Audio Effects
Options
Description
The Audio File
Info box
Displays the name, Sample Rate, Bit Rate, and number of Tracks (Stereo
or Mono) in the chosen audio file.
The Load File
button
Allows you to import a different external audio file into the audio track.
Sound Parameters
The sound parameters let you adjust the volume and balance of the audio file.
Options
Description
Volume
Expresses as a percentage of the audio file’s
original volume.
Balance
•
A setting of 0 is completely mute.
•
A setting of 100 plays at full volume.
Sets the mix of the left and right channels in
the output.
•
At the default value of 0, the left and right
channels are mixed equally.
•
Decrease negative values to add more of
the left channel to the mix.
•
Increase positive values to add more of the
right channel to the mix.
Library Browser Buttons
The Library Browser buttons allow you to adjust the quality of the animated preview, start
and stop the preview, generate and animate thumbnail previews for each effect, and insert or
load effects.
n
Animated thumbnails and best quality previews both require additional RAM and can slow
previews.
Button
Description
Click the Quality button to toggle between Best and Draft quality in the animated
preview.
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Chapter 4 Working with Effects and Filters
Button
Description
Click the Animate Preview button to play an animated RAM preview of the
selected effect. Click again to stop the preview.
Generate Thumbnails generates animated previews of effects. The first time you
use the Library Browser you have to generate the thumbnails. To use this feature,
see The KeyFrame Library and the Library Browser on page 184.
To preview animated thumbnails:
1. Click the Animate Thumbnails button.
2. Click again to stop the thumbnail previews.
3. Click in a blank area of the available effects window to play animated RAM
previews of all the effects in the current category.
n
When Animate Thumbnails is off and you select a thumbnail and press the
left or right arrow key, the thumbnail image changes allowing you to scroll
through the effect. This is especially useful in previewing effects in the
KeyFrame Library.
If Animate Thumbnails is on, the arrow keys allow you to move from
thumbnail to thumbnail in the Available Effects window.
Click Insert Effect to add the currently selected effect to your timeline.
Click Load Effect to create a new composition with the currently selected effect.
Click Delete Effect to remove the currently selected effect from the KeyFrame
Library.
Source Folder Menu
The Source Folder menu determines which folder appears in the Browser as follows:
208
Option
Description
Use Default Folder
Uses the default KeyFrame Library folder.
Folder
Selects a different folder. This allows you to organize favorite
effects however you like and still access them in the Library
Browser.
Chapter 5
Animation
Breathe life into just about any static object and its properties, such as gradient, color,
text, and lighting. By using keyframes, you can set specific parameter values for a
track at a certain point on the timeline.
Using action, shape, and audio clips, you can quickly and easily combine animation
types, mix their weights, copy animation from one model to another, create animation
sequences, or synchronize animation with audio.
•
Creating Animation on page 210
•
Animating Shapes, Filters, and Containers on page 221
•
Working with Value and Velocity Curves on page 227
Chapter 5 Animation
Creating Animation
Animation is the change of an object/image over time. To create animation, you record
changes to an object’s properties. Using a process called keyframing, you specify the object’s
properties at the first and last frame of each change. Properties are automatically calculated
and set for the frames in between, producing a change in the object. You can add as many
keyframes to an object as you need to create your animation.
A keyframe is the value of an animated parameter that you set at a given point in time. The
parameter values between keyframes are obtained by interpolating (averaging) between
keyframe values.
There are several ways to create animation:
•
The Generate Keyframes command
•
The Animate button lets you set keyframes as you adjust the object’s properties
•
Record audio animation.
•
Create a motion path to animate a DVE.
Working with Keyframes
There are two types of keyframes in Avid FX: master keyframes and parameter keyframes.
Master keyframes appear on the Shape track. Parameter keyframes appear on the
Transformations tracks nested inside the Shape track. You can associate multiple parameter
keyframes with each master keyframe. When you create a parameter keyframe, the
corresponding master keyframe is automatically created.
By default, each track in Avid FX includes two master keyframes, one at the beginning of
the track and one at the end. When you place multiple keyframes on the timeline, Avid FX
interpolates the intermediate values between keyframes.
For example, let’s say you set the first keyframe to 0 for Opacity and then set the last
keyframe to 100. When you play the effect, the track fades in and becomes opaque at the
keyframe where the Opacity is set to 100.
You can animate the slider, dial, or color controls in the Controls window using keyframes.
Each animation parameter in the Controls window corresponds to a Transformations track in
the timeline. The parameters are organized into tabs and nested inside the Transformations
track (for shapes and containers) or inside a Filter track.
If you prefer, you can adjust parameters in the timeline instead of the Controls window.
Either way, when you adjust parameters, they are also updated in the corresponding window.
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Creating Animation
Parameter
keyframes
Creating Keyframes
When you change a parameter in the Controls window, a keyframe is automatically created
for that parameter at the current position indicator location, unless Constant is used as the
interpolation. If a keyframe already exists at the position indicator location, or another
keyframe is selected, the keyframe parameters are adjusted.
Keyframes containing the default parameter values are automatically placed at the beginning
and end of a track when you create an effect. If you change the values at the first keyframe,
the effect interpolates to the default values in the last keyframe.
Setting Keyframe Generator Options
You can easily create keyframes with the Generate Keyframes command. To use the
Generate Keyframes command, you must select two or more keyframes in the timeline then
choose Track > Generate Keyframes.When you select master keyframes, this command
generates empty keyframes equally spaced between the two extreme keyframes in the
selection.
To customize keyframe generator options:
1. Select Window > Show Keyframe Generator Palette.
The Options Palette opens to the Keyframe generator tab.
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Chapter 5 Animation
2. Set the Count to specify the number of keyframes generated between selected
keyframes when you use the Generate Keyframes command.
3. Set the Wiggle value to set the wiggle value displacement, expressed as a percentage.
Wiggle only applies when you generate keyframes on a parameter track, not on a shape
track.
4. Select from the Interpolation menu to set the interpolation type that the command
uses. The choices are Linear, Decelerate, Accelerate or Ease In/Out.
n
Tip: If you want a parameter to retain its value for the duration of the effect, set its
interpolation type to Constant in the Controls window.
To create keyframes:
1. Create a 3D Plane track by doing one of the following:
• Press Ctrl+K.
• Click the Add 3D Plane button in the timeline.
2. Expand the track to reveal the Transformations track.
3. Expand the Transformations track to reveal the Position track, which corresponds to the
Position tab in the Controls window.
4. To set a value for the Position parameters, do one of the following:
• Expand the Position Track to reveal the Position X and Position Y tracks.
Position X and Y values
• Enter a value for the Position X and Position Y parameters.
• Move the position indicator and adjust the Position X and Position Y sliders in the
Controls window.
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Creating Animation
New keyframes are created in the track each time you adjust a parameter value—see
“The Controls Window” on page 63.
You can also manually create new keyframes in the timeline, then change their parameter
values later.
To add parameter values to keyframes at a later time:
1. Move the position indicator to the frame on which you want the keyframe to appear.
2. Do one of the following:
• Select Track > New Keyframe.
• Press Ctrl+N to create a new keyframe at that position.
Selecting Keyframes
When you select a keyframe, any adjustments you make in the Controls window affects that
keyframe even if the position indicator is at another location in the timeline.
To select a keyframe:
•
Click the keyframe icon in the timeline.
Selected keyframes are red; unselected keyframes are silver.
To select multiple keyframes:
1. Click a keyframe.
2. Shift+click the other keyframes.
To select all keyframes in multiple tracks:
•
Shift+select the tracks.
Deleting Keyframes
You can delete any keyframes that are unnecessary or to adjust the animation.
To delete a keyframe:
1. Select the keyframe(s).
2. Delete the keyframe(s) by doing one of the following:
• Select Edit > Delete Keyframe.
• Press Backspace.
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Chapter 5 Animation
Snapping to a Keyframe
You can quickly move the position indicator to any keyframe you select on a track.
To snap the position indicator to a keyframe:
1. Select Track > Snap CTI to Keyframe.
2. Select a keyframe from a track.
The position indicator moves to the position of the keyframe.
Copying and Pasting Keyframes
You can copy and paste a keyframe to transfer its parameter values to a new or existing
keyframe at another location on the track. You can only paste a keyframe to the same kind of
track from which it was copied.
Moving a Keyframe
You can drag a keyframe to move it to another location on a track or drag keyframes on
different tracks to a third track.
You can select multiple keyframes on two tracks and move them. You cannot select
keyframes on a Shape track and a Filter track nested within a Shape track.
You can also move a keyframe by selecting it and typing a timecode in the Keyframe field.
Moving to the Next or Previous Keyframe
The Next and Previous Keyframe buttons allow you to move from one keyframe to another
within a parameter track in the timeline.
Previous
Keyframe
Next
Keyframe
When you click the Next or Previous Keyframe button, the position indicator moves to the
next or previous keyframe in the track, and selects the keyframe. If there are fewer than two
keyframes in a track, these buttons do not appear.
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Creating Animation
Overwriting Keyframes
You can overwrite keyframes by dragging one master keyframe to another master keyframe.
This essentially overwrites the destination keyframe’s values with the values of the source
keyframe. When you overwrite a master keyframe, the values merge.
For parameters where both keyframes had a value, the keyframe uses the value from the
destination keyframe; these values overwrite the values for the keyframe.
For parameters where the keyframe you dragged to did not have a value set, the master
keyframe uses the value from the existing keyframe.
To change a master keyframe value:
1. Set Opacity and Spin values at the first master keyframe.
The second master keyframe has values for Opacity, Position Y, Scale X, Scale Y and
Pivot Y.
2. Drag the second master keyframe to merge it with the first master keyframe.
For parameters where both master keyframes had a value (Opacity), the value from the
second master keyframe overwrites the value for the first master keyframe.
For parameters like Position where the first master keyframe did not have a value set,
the master keyframe uses the value from the second keyframe.
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Chapter 5 Animation
Reversing Keyframes
You can reverse the position of two or more adjacent keyframes in the timeline. When you
reverse keyframes, the parameter values at each keyframe switch. You can also select entire
tracks, including any nested tracks to reverse. When you select a track(s), the command
works as if you had selected all keyframes within the tracks.
Since most interpolation types are not symmetric (with the exception of Linear), this
command does not exactly reverse an effect. However, you can use this command and then
fine tune the keyframes to reverse an effect.
To reverse keyframes:
1. Set the Position X keyframes to animate from 0 to 160 to 320.
2. Select the first and second keyframes to reverse.
The third keyframe is not selected, so it is not reversed.
3. Select the Reverse Keyframes command.
The position X value now animates from 160 to 0 in the first half of the effect. Because
the final keyframe was not reversed, the last Position value remains at 320.
To reverse all keyframes:
1. Select all keyframes.
2. Select the Reverse Keyframes command.
All three keyframes are reversed. The Position X value now animates from 320 to 0 to
160.
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Creating Animation
n
This command does not work when you work with the Constant or Hold interpolation types,
since these interpolation types apply the same value on the start and end keyframes.
Automatically Generating Random Keyframes
You can easily create random keyframes. When you select master keyframes (keyframes on
a Shape track), this command generates empty parameter keyframes equally spaced between
the two extreme keyframes in the selection. You set the number of keyframes and the
interpolation type in the Preferences window. When you select parameter keyframes, this
command applies a Wiggle value displacement. Setting the Wiggle value in the Preferences
window helps simulate more realistic motion by adding random changes to any parameter
over time.
To create random keyframes:
1. Set the first keyframe at the Position Y value to 243.
2. Set the last keyframe at the Position Y value to 290.
3. Shift+select the two parameter keyframes for Position Y.
4. Select Track > Generate Keyframes.
Setting the Interpolation
Each animation parameter has an interpolation field that determines how intermediate values
between keyframes are calculated. Whenever you adjust a parameter, a new keyframe is
created in that parameter’s track in the timeline and an interpolation type is set.
To animate a parameter, adjust a single keyframe. The parameter interpolates between the
value that you set and the default value, using the interpolation you chose.The Default
Interpolation menu sets the default interpolation type assigned when you adjust any
parameter at a keyframe. The interpolation type determines how the program creates
intermediate values between two keyframe’s values.
For example, when you create a transition between two shapes, you might set the Default
Interpolation menu to Ease In/Out to create natural movement between keyframes. On the
other hand, when working with a filter where you want most parameter adjustments to affect
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the image globally, you might set the Default Interpolation menu to Constant. However, you
can always use another interpolation type by pressing the interpolation field and choosing
the appropriate interpolation type from the menu that appears.
The Toggle Interpolation menu lets you set an alternative interpolation type. You can toggle
from the default interpolation to the toggle interpolation by Alt-clicking a parameter’s
interpolation field. This allows you to quickly access another frequently used interpolation
type in addition to the default setting.
The Keep Keyframe Time checkbox preserves the absolute positioning of keyframes when
the duration of the effect is changed. Deselecting this option preserves the relative
positioning of keyframes when the duration is changed.
For example, if you create an animated effect that is three seconds long, then change the
effect duration to five seconds with Keep Keyframe Time selected, the keyframes retain their
original positions with respect to the effect timecode.
If you change the duration of the same effect with Keep Keyframe Time deselected, the
keyframes shift to reflect the effect’s new duration. For example, in an effect lasting two
seconds, with a keyframe positioned one second from the start (at Time 00:00:01:00), the
keyframe will shift to two seconds (Time 00:00:02:00) when the effect duration is increased
to four seconds.
To set a default interpolation type:
1. Select Window > Show Keyframe Palette.
2. Select the Default Interpolation from the menu.
When you adjust a parameter, the default interpolation appears in the interpolation field.
1. Select the Toggle Interpolation type from the menu.
2. Alt+click the interpolation field, to switch between the default and toggle interpolation
types.
You can also use the Animate button to switch between the Constant and default
interpolation.
For more information on the various interpolation types, see “Working with
Interpolation Types” on page 224.
3. Expand the Position Y track to view or adjust the Bézier handles.
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Creating Animation
For information on adjusting Bézier handles, see “Working with Value and Velocity Curves”
on page 227.
Holding Values
When you hold values, the parameters whose values you do not change hold the value you
set in the next or previous keyframe.
Hold Parameter Values
buttons
n
Holding parameter values could change effects in the Keyframe Library, as well as saved
effects. Deselect this button to open effects from the Keyframe Library, or to open effects
saved without this preference selected.
To hold values:
1. Create a new composition in the timeline.
2. Add a keyframe to the Video 1 track at frame 10 (00:00:00:10) by choosing Track >
New Keyframe.
3. Click to select the new keyframe.
4. In the Controls window, set Scale X to 400 for this keyframe.
5. Open the Scale X track nested inside the Transformations track.
The Bézier curve for Scale X displays the values for the first and last keyframes at their
default values of 100.
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Chapter 5 Animation
6. Play your effect. The image on Video 1 starts full size (the default parameter value of
100), scales to 400%, and then scales down to 100.
7. Click the Hold Parameter Values button in the timeline.
The Bézier curve changes for the Scale X track. The Scale values at the first and last
keyframes change to 400, which is the Scale in the keyframe you added.
8. Play your effect. Scale X on the Video 1 track remains at 400 for the entire effect.
9. Add a new keyframe on the Video 1 track at frame 20 (00:00:00:20) and click to select
it.
10. In the Controls window, set Scale X to 10 for this keyframe.
The Bézier curve changes for the Scale X track. The Scale X value for the first keyframe
remains at 400; the Scale X value for the last keyframe changes to 10, which is the value
you set in the previous keyframe.
11. Play the effect.
Scale X on the Video 1 track starts at 400, then scales and holds at 10.
12. Deselect the Hold Parameter Values button in the timeline.
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Animating Shapes, Filters, and Containers
13. The Bézier curve changes for the Scale X track. The Scale values for the first and last
keyframes return to the default Scale of 100.
Animating Shapes, Filters, and Containers
You can animate any parameter with a track in the Timeline window. A keyframe sets
specific parameter values for a track at a certain point on the timeline. When you place
multiple keyframes on the timeline, Avid FX interpolates or computes intermediate values
between keyframe values. Using keyframe interpolation to animate provides precise control
over effects.
Setting the Start and End of Tracks
Each track has the same duration as the effect duration. Keyframes occur by default at the
start and end of every clip in the timeline.
To set the point at which the track begins and ends:
1. If you want the track to start later in the effect, drag the start keyframe to a later point in
the timeline.
Start keyframe
Changing the position of the start keyframe only affects the start of the track, not the
start of the clip media. For instance, if you move the starting keyframe 10 frames into
the effect, the first 10 frames of the clip are not played.
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2. If you want the track to end before the effect ends, drag the end keyframe to an earlier
point in the timeline.
End keyframe
3. If you use an external movie file as media, delay the start time of the clip to coincide
with the start time of the track—see “Importing Movie Files” on page 143.
Creating Animated Effects
An animated effect refers to any effect whose parameter values change over the course of the
effect. An image that fades in is an animated effect because the track’s opacity value changes
over the course of the effect.
To animate a parameter value:
1. Use at least two keyframes to represent the starting and ending parameter values.
2. Decide how to calculate the intermediate values between the two keyframes. This is
done by choosing an interpolation type.
To set keyframes:
1. Expand the Transformations track to access the parameter track that you want to
animate.
2. Select a parameter track.
3. Create a new keyframe at the beginning of the track by pressing Ctrl+N.
A keyframe appears at the beginning of the parameter track.
n
The following examples show the Smart View. For more information, see “Using the Smart
View” on page 32.
New keyframe at position indicator
4. Select the keyframe at the end of the effect.
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Animating Shapes, Filters, and Containers
5. Change the value in the numerical field in the track.
6. Press Enter.
Numerical field
To set interpolation types:
1. Select the first keyframe of the effect.
2. In the Controls window, click the interpolation field that accompanies the parameter and
select Linear.
The parameter value interpolates between the first keyframe and the next keyframe
using the selected interpolation type.
For example, if you chose Opacity as the parameter, the image’s opacity changes from
100 (completely opaque) to 0 (completely transparent) over the course of the effect.
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Working with Interpolation Types
Interpolation types determine how parameter values animate between keyframes. For
example, using Linear interpolation changes the parameter values in even increments over
time. Using the Accelerate interpolation type changes the parameter values in small
increments at the start of the effect and in gradually larger increments as the effect
progresses. Therefore, the Accelerate interpolation creates the impression that the effect is
accelerating over time. For detailed information on interpolation types, see “Interpolation
Menu” on page 236.
Changing Interpolation Types
By default, the interpolation type is the last type selected, but you can change this at any
keyframe. You can change a parameter’s interpolation type in either the Controls or Timeline
windows. When you change the interpolation in one window, the corresponding window
updates.
To change a parameter’s interpolation type in the Controls window:
t
Click the Interpolation Field next to a parameter and select an interpolation type.
The change is applied to the selected keyframe in the timeline. If a keyframe is not
selected, a new one is created on the parameter’s track.
To switch between the default and Constant interpolations, do one of the following:
• Use the Animate button to switch between the default interpolation and Constant
interpolation.
• Press Alt+click the interpolation field in the Controls window to switch between the
Default and Toggle interpolation settings.
Working with the Animate button
The Animate button in the lower part of the Controls window lets you quickly switch
between Constant and default interpolation. This is useful for compositing rather than
animating an effect. You can change the default interpolation to Constant by clicking this
button. To switch back to the default interpolation, reclick this button.
Animate button in
default interpolation
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Animate button in
Constant Interpolation
Animating Shapes, Filters, and Containers
Keyframing Volume and Balance
You can animate an Audio track’s volume and balance in the timeline by placing keyframes
in the audio track’s Volume and Balance tracks. The following example describes a simple
Volume animation. You can keyframe the balance on an Audio track the same way.
To create a volume animation:
1. Expand the Audio track to view the Sound Parameters and Audio Waveforms tracks.
2. Expand the Sound Parameters track to view the Volume and Balance Tracks.
3. Expand the Volume track.
4. Move the position indicator to the beginning of the timeline.
5. In the Controls window (Sound Parameters tab), set the volume interpolation to Ease
In/Out.
A keyframe appears in the Volume track.
6. Enter a value of 0 for the volume for this keyframe.
7. Move the position indicator in the middle of the timeline.
8. Deselect the first keyframe.
9. In the Controls window, set the volume interpolation to Ease In/Out.
10. Type a value of 180.
A keyframe appears with red Bézier handles.
11. Move the position indicator to the end of the timeline.
12. In the Controls window, change the volume interpolation to Ease In/Out.
A new keyframe appears with red Bézier handles.
13. Drag the Bézier handles to ramp the volume gradually.
For information on how to use value and velocity curves in Volume and Balance tracks,
see “Manipulating the Value Curve” on page 229 and “Using Velocity Curves” on
page 230.
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14. Select Preview > Preview Audio or click the Audio Preview icon to hear the changes
you made.
n
Previewing to RAM with audio takes longer to render than previewing without audio.
Remember to turn Preview with Audio off when you do not need to hear audio.
To create a balance animation:
1. Reset the Volume track by selecting it and choosing Edit > Reset Parameter. Collapse
the Volume track.
2. Expand the Balance track.
3. In the Controls window, click the Sound Parameters tab.
4. Move the position indicator to the beginning of the timeline.
5. In the Controls window, set the interpolation type for Balance to Accelerate.
6. Place the position indicator in the middle of the timeline.
7. In the Controls window, set the interpolation type for the Balance parameter to
Decelerate.
8. Enter a value of 0 for this keyframe.
A new keyframe appears in the timeline.
9. Place the position indicator at the end of the timeline.
10. Set the Balance to 100 for this keyframe.
11. Preview your effect to RAM with Preview with Audio selected in the Preview menu.
The audio pans from the left channel to the right, increasing in speed as the audio
reaches both channels in the middle of the effect, then decelerating as the audio reaches
the right channel.
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Working with Value and Velocity Curves
Working with Value and Velocity Curves
Every animatable parameter track in the timeline has corresponding value and velocity
curves. The value curve plots the parameter’s value over time on a graph and displays the
location of keyframes in the timeline. Velocity curves plot the rate of change in a parameter’s
value over time on a graph.
Using Value Curves to Adjust Animation
You can directly manipulate a parameter’s value curve to adjust the movement of an effect
over time.
To view a parameter’s value curve:
1. Expand the parameter’s track.
2. Adjust the Value curve controls.
Value curve controls
for Position X
Value curve for
Position X
Using the Value Curve Controls
The value curve controls on the left side of the timeline let you adjust the visible range of the
graph’s coordinates to more easily view and manipulate your curve. The value curve
controls do not change the graph itself, they only change the view of the graph. By default,
the graph shows the entire value range for that parameter as shown in the following example.
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Chapter 5 Animation
To view the curve in detail:
1. Drag the wheel control to increase or decrease the value range.
If you scale the range down too much, parts of the curve may fall outside the visible
region as shown in the following example.
Wheel control
2. Click the Size to Fit button to view the entire curve with maximum detail.
The lowest value in the curve becomes the lowest value in the range of the graph and the
highest value in the curve becomes the highest value in the range of the graph.
Size to Fit button
3. Drag the ruler up or down to move to a different range of values while preserving the
shape and proportions of the curve.
The Ruler on the right side of the value curve control area displays the parameter values
that the graph plots over time.
Value range ruler
To return to the default view:
•
228
Click the Reset button to change the value range of the graph to the default view.
Working with Value and Velocity Curves
Reset button
Manipulating the Value Curve
You can adjust the value curve by dragging the keyframe points or manipulating Bézier
control handles.
Keyframe point
If you use Ease In/Out, Jitter, Bounce or Swing as the interpolation type, you can manipulate
the value curve using Bézier handles. Red handles appear at the keyframe point.
To achieve a more natural curve:
1. Manipulate the handles to control the direction and tension of the curve.
2. Drag the left handle toward the top of the graph.
This causes the right Bézier handle to move in the opposite direction.
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Chapter 5 Animation
3. Adjust each Bézier handle independently by holding the Option key while dragging the
handle. This allows you to adjust the curve before or after a keyframe without affecting
the corresponding curve on the other side of the keyframe.
Using Velocity Curves
You can manipulate a parameter’s velocity curve to adjust the movement of an effect over
time.
To display a parameter’s velocity curves in the timeline:
•
In the Controls window, Shift-click the parameter’s interpolation field.
A parameter’s velocity curve appears directly below its value curve in the timeline.
Alternately, you can simply expand the parameter track in the timeline.
Velocity curve for Position X
n
230
If the velocity curve does not appear when the parameter track is expanded, choose Edit >
Preferences. In the General tab’s Timeline Options section, select Show Velocity Curves.
Click OK to exit the Preferences window.
Motion Path Filter
You can manipulate velocity curves in the same way as value curves, except that velocity
curves do not include keyframe points. For more information, see “Manipulating the Value
Curve” on page 229.
Motion Path Filter
The Motion Path filter allows you to map one or more objects to a two-dimensional path.
You create the path by drawing a spline object. You can map single tracks, multiple tracks,
or 3D containers to the path. Although the path is two-dimensional, you can rotate, tumble
or spin the container to move the path in three-dimensional space.
To create a Motion Path Effect
1. In the timeline, select the track, or container that you want to map to the path.
2. Choose Filters > Motion > Motion Path.
A Motion Path track is added to the timeline.
3. Click the disclosure triangle to expand the Motion Path track, and select the Path track
nested inside.
The Motion Path turns pink, and the Path track below it turns dark gray. The Tool
window automatically opens so that you can create a path.
n
You can also open the Tool window by choosing Window > Show Tool Window, or pressing
Control–6.
4. Select a tool and draw a path by dragging in the Composite window.
The Composite window updates, showing the object mapped to the Motion On Path tab.
The example at right was created with the Pen tool.
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Chapter 5 Animation
5. You can add jitter animation to the path by selecting the Path track and adjusting the
parameters in the Animation Tab.
For details, see “Working with the Animation Tab” on page 234.
6. You can animate the position of the object on the motion path by selecting the Motion
Path track and adjusting the parameters in the Motion On Path tab of the Controls
window. For details, see “Working with the Motion On Path Tab” on page 232 for
details.
7. To fine tune which objects the Motion Path affects, for example lights or cameras, select
the Motion Path track and adjust the Apply tab settings. For details, see “Working with
the Apply Tab” on page 234.
n
When you work with text, you may want to use the Text on a Path feature instead of the
Motion Path filter. Text on a Path maps each individual text character to the path; the Motion
Path filter maps the center point of the entire line of text to the path as shown in the
following examples.
Text on a Path
Text with the Motion Path filter
Working with the Motion On Path Tab
The Motion Path track, Motion On Path tab allows to you to map an object or objects on a
path. You create the path by drawing a spline object.
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Motion Path Filter
Motion On Path adjusts the position of the object on the path. This allows you to animate the
object(s) on a path, including the acceleration, orbital rotations, and back and forth
animations. This parameter facilitates orbital or periodic animations.
On Path Motion= 0, 0o
On Path Motion=0, 180o
On Path Motion=1, 0o
Angle to Path allows you to control how the object is positioned on the path. When Angle to
Path is at the default value of 0, the object position follows the curve of the path.
Angle to Path=0
Angle to Path=50
Angle to Path=100
When the Multiple Objects checkbox is selected, and you map more than one object to the
path, the objects are distributed on the length of the path based on their order in the timeline.
When the Multiple Objects checkbox is deselected, and you map more than one object to the
path, the objects move as one.
To position more than one object on the same path, the objects and the motion path must be
nested within the same container. All objects and shape tracks in a container will follow a
path that is nested within the container.
Multiple Objects selected
Multiple Objects deselected
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Chapter 5 Animation
Working with the Apply Tab
The Apply tab allows you to set what is mapped to the Motion Path.
The Apply Tracker Data To menu choices depend on what object or track the Motion Path
filter is applied to in the timeline. The Motion Path can be applied to a shape or container
track. Depending on what the Motion Path is applied to, the choices may include:
•
Position applies to the Position X and Position Y of the track(s). Position adjusts the
location of the track.
•
Pivot applies to the pivot point of the track(s). The pivot point is the center around which
the track pivots or rotates.
•
Camera applies to the Camera X and Camera Y point of the track(s). Camera X and
Camera Y set the position of the focal point of the camera.
•
Light applies to the Light X and Light Y Source of the track(s). The source point sets
the location of the light.
•
None disables the Motion Path filter.
Working with the Animation Tab
The Animation tab lets you animate the motion path itself. When you create a Motion Path
effect and select the Path track in the Timeline, the Animation tab appears in the Controls
window.
•
234
Acceleration allows you to gradually accelerate the effect.
Motion Path Filter
•
Overshoot allows you to create bouncing animation. Each parameter moves past its
destination value by the value specified in Overshoot before returning to its destination
value. If all other parameters are set to the default, Overshoot has no affect.
•
Decay works in conjunction with the Overshoot parameter. Decay is expressed as a
percentage that allows you to exponentially decrease the Overshoot. For example, you
set the Jitter Y to 100 with an Overshoot of 300. Setting Decay to 50 means that each of
the three bounces between the destination value (100) and the default value (0) will
decay by half.
•
Seed varies the amount of animation from frame to frame.
•
Velocity determines the speed of the Jitter X and Jitter Y parameters.
•
Jitter X and Jitter Y jitter the object’s position on the X and Y axes.
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Reference: Animation
Interpolation Menu
Icon
Interpolation Type
Description
Hold
Maintains constant value from the current
keyframe to the next keyframe in that parameter’s
track.
Linear
Change occurs in equal increments from the
current keyframe to the next keyframe with that
parameter activated.
Accelerate
Change occurs slowly at first and then increases as
the next keyframe approaches.
Decelerate
Change occurs quickly at first and then slows as
the next keyframe approaches.
Ease In/Out
Creates smooth, natural motion paths by applying
Bézier interpolation near each keyframe. Adjust in
the timeline using Bézier handles.
For information on working with handles, see
“Working with Value and Velocity Curves” on
page 227.
236
Constant
Applies the parameter change globally without
creating keyframes. Choosing Constant removes
all keyframes in that parameter’s track. Color
parameters use Constant as their default
interpolation.
Jitter
Randomly varies a parameter. Adjust this
interpolation in the timeline using Bézier handles.
The first handle sets the outgoing and the second
handle sets the incoming phase and amplitude to
produce a repeatable jittering or stuttering effect.
For information on handles, see “Working with
Value and Velocity Curves” on page 227.
Motion Path Filter
Icon
Interpolation Type
Description
Swing
Similar to Jitter except that a sine function
produces a smooth periodic value curve with
variable phase and amplitude. The first handle sets
the outgoing and the second handle sets the
incoming characteristics of the curve. Until you
adjust a Bézier handle, this interpolation behaves
exactly as if it were Ease In/Out. Adjust the
handles to create a swing effect.
For information on handles, see “Working with
Value and Velocity Curves” on page 227.
Bounce
This interpolation type includes three aspects,
acceleration, overshoot and decay. Acceleration is
controlled by the first Bézier handle; overshoot and
decay by the second Bézier handle.
For information on handles, see “Working with
Value and Velocity Curves” on page 227.
Reset
Affects the parameter globally across the entire
track.
None
Parameter is not animated at this keyframe.
Choosing None resets the parameter to the default.
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Chapter 6
Working with Containers
When creating complex effects and animations, you will find that working with
containers comes in handy. They give you the ability to create effects, titling, and
animation independently at the track level and globally at the container level.
•
Types of Containers on page 239
•
Working with 3D Containers on page 240
•
Manipulating 3D Container Objects on page 244
•
Working with the Camera on page 246
•
Working with Lights on page 250
•
Working with Shadows on page 262
•
Applying a Motion Blur to a 3D Container on page 269
•
Compositing 3D Container Images on page 270
•
Working with 3D Chart Containers on page 270
Types of Containers
There are two main types of containers:
•
3D containers—see “Working with 3D Containers” on page 240.
There are three sub-types:
• 2D composite containers
• Z space composite containers
• 3D model containers
•
3D chart containers—see “Working with 3D Chart Containers” on page 270.
Chapter 6 Working with Containers
All containers preserve the spatial relationship between the objects within it as you
reposition the container. You can choose whether the tracks in the container overlap based on
their position in the timeline or whether they overlap based on their depths in 3D space.
Working with 3D Containers
3D container tracks are used to group shape tracks together and apply transformations to all
of the shapes at the same time. They let you combine objects with multiple pivot points and
create effects quickly because you do not have to manually group objects.
The 3D container has its own transformation track, therefore, tracks nested within the
container are affected by the container’s transformation as well as the shape or object’s own
transformation.
3D container
transformation
track
Shapes
transformation
track
Any parameter adjustment that you make on the 3D container level will affect all objects
nested within the container equally. For example, when you scale or rotate the 3D Container
track, all images are scaled and rotated as well, yet the spatial relationship between the
tracks remain constant.
Container rotated
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Container rotated and stretched
Working with 3D Containers
You can still adjust individual tracks at any time by changing the parameter for the specific
track.
Creating a 3D Container
You can create a 3D container, which layers tracks and lets you adjust parameters for all
tracks at the same time. When you place a shape track into a 3D container, you will notice
that the container controls override some of the shape controls to eliminate redundant
parameters shared by both the container and the shape. Some of the shape’s tabs disappear
and any settings are reset to the container’s settings. To avoid losing any parameter settings,
place tracks in a container before adjusting their parameters.
You can create a 3D container using one of three types of renderers. The option will
determine how the objects within the container relate and how they are rendered.
•
2D composite renderer: This mode lets you place any type of shape track in the
container. A container that uses this mode is known as a 2D composite container.
•
Z space composite renderer: This mode lets you place 3D plane and 3D sphere shapes
in the container. A container that uses this mode is known as a Z space composite
container.
•
3D model renderer: This mode lets you place 3D plane, 3D sphere, and 3D extrusion
shapes in the container. A container that uses this mode is also known as a 3D model
container.
2D composite
Z Space Composite
3D Model
To create containers, you can use the menu or the buttons in the timeline.
Add 3D Model Container
Add Container
Add Title container
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Chapter 6 Working with Containers
Creating a 2D Composite Container
When you create a 3D container that uses the 2D composite renderer, the object whose track
is positioned highest in the timeline overlaps all other objects in the container. You can place
any type of shape track in the container.
To create a 2D composite container:
1. On the timeline, select the tracks that you want to place in the container.
2. Do one of the following:
t
From the Track menu, select New 3D Container
t
Click the Add Container button.
The tracks are nested inside the 3D container.
3. Adjust the desired parameters on the timeline or using the tabs in the Control window
until you are satisfied with the result.
For parameter descriptions, see “3D Container Controls” on page 287.
n
You can also begin by creating a 3D container on the timeline and then dragging the tracks
or clips from the Project window.
Creating a Z Space Composite Container
When you create a 3D container that uses a Z space composite renderer, the object
positioned closest in Z space overlaps objects that are farther away, regardless of their order
in the timeline. When you select Z space composite as the renderer of choice, 3D Plane and
3D Sphere shapes are placed in the container and can intersect and interact with each other.
You cannot use the 3D Line Art, 3D Extrusion, Cube, Cylinder, Sphere or Page Turn Shape
tracks in a Z space composite container. Although these Shape tracks appear in the timeline,
they disappear from the Composite window when you place them in a Z space composite
container.
n
Some of the Z Space Composite container control tabs are identical to those in 2D
Composite containers.
To create a Z space composite container:
1. On the timeline, select the tracks that you want to place in the container.
2. Select Track > New 3D Container
The tracks are nested inside a 3D container.
3. In the Controls window, select the Position tab.
4. From the Renderer menu, select Z Space Composite
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Working with 3D Containers
The parameters will update accordingly.
5. Adjust the desired parameters on the timeline or using the tabs in the Control window
until you are satisfied with the result.
For parameter descriptions, see “3D Container Controls” on page 287.
Creating a 3D Model Container
The 3D model renderer is similar to Z space composite, but it lets you to use 3D extrusion
shapes in the container and apply 3D parameters such as materials, textures, and bump maps
to two dimensional shapes. A 3D container using the 3D model renderer is also known as a
3D model container.
You can include tracks that use the 3D Sphere, 3D Plane, Cylinder, Cube, and Page Turn
shapes. When you include one of these shape tracks in the container, the track is called a 3D
primitive. You can then apply any of the 3D parameters, such as materials and textures, to
any of the 3D primitive tracks in the 3D model container. See “Using 3D Primitives in a 3D
Model Container” on page 244.
n
You cannot include a 3D Line Art track in a 3D model container. When you add it or switch
the shape track, you will notice that the Toggle Track Visibility button is automatically
disabled.
To create a 3D model container:
1. On the timeline, select the tracks that you want to place in the container.
2. Click the Add 3D Model Container button.
The tracks are nested inside a 3D Container that uses the 3D model renderer as seen in
the Controls window.
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Chapter 6 Working with Containers
3. Adjust the desired parameters on the timeline or using the tabs in the Control window
until you are satisfied with the result.
Notice that in addition to positioning and pivoting an object in the container, you can
adjust the material, bump map, and texture settings. You must select the track in the
timeline to see these tabs in the Control window.
For parameter descriptions, see “3D Container Controls” on page 287.
Using 3D Primitives in a 3D Model Container
When you use a 3D primitive shape, notice that the Texture track is turned on by default. If
you want to use material instead, deselect the Texture track option in the Texture tab. 3D
primitives only include a single material which is set in the Materials tab.You cannot map
different materials to each Face.
When you use the cylinder shape, you can set the number of segments in the height direction
using the Height Segment parameter in the Cylinder tab. For better accuracy, increase the
value, but this will increase the render time proportionately.
For more information, see “Describing 3D Extrusion Shapes” on page 321.
Manipulating 3D Container Objects
You can select, position, and pivot an object or the 3D container itself. An object is the
building block in your 3D container.
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Manipulating 3D Container Objects
3D container
Shapes or
objects
You must always make sure that the 3D container track is selected. If you want to move or
pivot an object or shape within the container, then select its track only and then make the
change in the Controls window.
Positioning a 3D Container
You can position, scale, and rotate the 3D container. When you rotate the container, by
default it’s transformed around its center. However you can set an external pivot point
around which to tumble, spin, or rotate it. See “Pivoting a 3D Container” on page 246.
When manipulating a 3D model container, you can create more arbitrary shapes by scaling
3D Sphere, Cylinder, or Page Turn tracks in a 3D container using separate Scale X, Scale Y,
and Scale Z parameters.
When these tracks are not in a 3D model container, you will notice that the 3D Sphere shape
only includes a Scale X parameter, while the Cylinder and Page Turn tracks only include
Scale X and Scale Y parameters.
While positioning the 3D Sphere, Cylinder, or Page Turn tracks of a 3D model container you
can set the number of polygons used to create the faces of the shape by adjusting the
Smoothness value. If you increase this value, it increases the number of polygons to smooth
jagged edges and decrease banding at a rendering time cost.
To position the 3D container:
1. Select the 3D container track on the timeline.
2. In the Controls window, select the Position tab.
3. Adjust the parameters until you are satisfied with the result.
For parameter descriptions, see “Position Tab (Containers)” on page 287.
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Pivoting a 3D Container
You can set an external pivot point around which you can tumble, spin, or rotate the 3D
container.
You can also make a container spin around its own center and revolve around an external
point by placing a container inside another container.
To pivot a 3D container:
1. Select the 3D container track on the timeline.
2. In the Controls window, select the Pivot tab.
3. Adjust the parameters until you are satisfied with the result.
For parameter descriptions, see “Pivot Tab (Containers)” on page 289.
To spin and rotate a container:
1. Animate the first container to spin with the Pivot values locked to the Position values.
2. Place the first container inside another container with Pivot values different from the
Position values.
Working with the Camera
The camera works like a real camera, letting you zoom in and out, move objects, and view
objects in the scene from different angles and perspectives. You can create interesting effects
by animating the camera's parameters.
Depending on the rendering option that you have selected, different camera options are
available. The variables for 2D composite and Z space composite renderers are similar.
However, with the 3D model renderer, you can manipulate the camera using more options.
See “Adjusting the 3D Model Camera Perspective” on page 247.
To adjust the camera’s perspective:
1. Select the 3D container track.
2. In the Controls window, select the Pivot tab.
3. Adjust the Camera X and Camera Y values to set the horizontal and vertical position of
the focal point of the camera.
4. Adjust the Distance value. For example, to place the camera closer to the container,
decrease the value.
For parameter descriptions, see “Camera Tab (Containers)” on page 289.
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Adjusting the 3D Model Camera Perspective
You can create up to five camera views, however, only the current camera view is included in
the rendered effect. In addition to controlling the position of the camera, you can set the
depth of field which lets you apply a motion blur effect to objects that are outside the
camera’s focal range.
Camera 1 -5
tabs
Setting the Camera’s Model
You must select a camera model from the three options:
•
Position—see “Positioning the Camera” on page 247
•
Orbit—see “Orbiting the Camera” on page 248
•
Pan—see “Panning the Camera” on page 248
Your selection will determine how the camera perspective of an object is adjusted.
Positioning the Camera
You can adjust the camera’s perspective along the X, Y, and Z axes.
To position the camera:
1. Select the 3D model container track.
2. In the Controls window, select the Camera tab.
3. From the Camera Model menu, select Position.
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4. Set the following parameters:
Parameter
Description
Camera X,
Camera Y,
Camera Z
Set the position of the focal point (the point on the image plane at which
the camera is pointed) of the camera along the X, Y, and Z axis.
Distance
n
Camera Z value is only available for the 3D model container.
Sets the model camera’s distance from the object.
Increase this setting to place the camera closer to the object, exaggerating
the perspective on portions of the object that are closest to the camera.
Tumble, Spin,
Rotate
Rotate the focal point around the X, Y, and Z axes. Animate Tumble,
Spin, and Rotate values for greater than 360° to make the focal point
complete more than one full revolution.
n
These options are only available for the 3D model container.
Orbiting the Camera
When working with the 3D model container, you can rotate or orbit the camera around an
object. The camera will point towards the object.
To orbit the camera:
1. Select the 3D model container track.
2. In the Controls window, select the Camera tab.
3. From the Camera Model menu, select Orbit.
4. Set the following parameters:
Parameter
Description
Distance
Sets the model camera’s distance from the object.
Decrease this setting to place the camera closer to the object
exaggerating the perspective on portions of the object that are
closest to the camera.
Tumble, Spin, and
Rotate
Rotates the model camera around the object along the X, Y,
and Z axis.
Panning the Camera
When working with the 3D model container, you can pan the camera along the X axis.
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Working with the Camera
To pan the camera:
1. Select the 3D model container track.
2. In the Controls window, select the Camera tab.
3. From the Camera Model menu, select Orbit.
4. Set the following parameters:
Parameter
Description
Distance
Sets the model camera’s position along the Z axis.
Advance
•
Decrease negative values to move the camera away from the viewer.
•
Increase positive values to move the camera towards the viewer.
Controls the position of the camera’s focal point on the X axis of the
object.
Setting the Depth of Field
You can set the camera’s depth of field. You can also control the depth of field to apply a
motion blur to elements that are outside of the camera’s focal range.
To set the depth of field:
1. Select the 3D model container track.
2. In the Controls window, select the Camera tab.
3. From the Depth of Field menu, select On to set the depth of field parameters.
4. Set the following parameters:
Parameter
Description
Quality menu
Controls the quality of the Depth of Field blur. This is basically an antialiasing level control.
Select Low, Medium or High. Note that there is a significant rendering
cost to using High.
Focal Length
Sets the distance between the camera and the focal point.
If the object is at the focal point, it appears in focus. As it moves away
from the focal point, it loses focus.
Depth of Field
Sets the cameras depth of field.
If you adjust this parameter, the focal range from the focal point is
increased or decreased.
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Parameter
Description
Sample # menu Sets the number of samples that are taken.
Higher values take longer to preview and render but provide smoother
blurring.
Working with Lights
Light sources are points in three-dimensional space that emit light, causing objects (with
materials that can be affected by light) to appear illuminated. Light sources are modeled as
non-directional point sources that you can position in 3D space relative to the objects in the
scene. You can adjust and animate the direction, size, shape, color and intensity of a light,
and control the ambient light on the entire container.
To use lights effectively, place as few lights in a scene as necessary to avoid a bleached or
washed-out appearance. Also, use appropriate light settings for the material you use. For
example, if you use a concrete-looking material, do not make the material shiny or have a
bright specular color. Concrete is not usually shiny in real life.
Although you can add light to 3D model and Z space composite containers, you can only
add shadows to 2D composite containers. Different options are available depending on the
type of renderer the 3D container is using.
Adding Light to a 3D Model Container
You can add up to three light sources to the entire 3D model container.
To add light to a 3D model container:
1. Select the 3D model container on the timeline.
2. Select the Lights tab in the Controls window.
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Working with Lights
Light sources 1-3
Toggle lights on/off
3. Select one of the three light tabs.
4. Check the box next to the light tab to turn on the light.
Tip: Try and work with one light at a time and then turn them all on towards the end to
see the result.
5. Select the type of light source.
6. Set the overall ambience—see “Setting the Ambience of a Scene” on page 258.
7. Set the position of the light source—see “Changing the Position of the Light Source” on
page 256.
8. Set the color of the light—see “Using Colored Lights” on page 258.
9. Set the intensity. This will affect the brightness of the scene you are illuminating.
Adding Light to a Z Space Composite Container
As with the 3D model container, you can add up to three light sources to your scene, which
you can move and set to different colors. You can also choose between three types of light
sources. See “Setting the Type of Light Source” on page 253.
To add light to a Z space composite container:
1. Select the Z space composite container on the timeline.
2. Select the Lights tab in the Controls window.
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Toggle lights
on/off
3. Select one of the three light tabs.
4. Make sure that you turn on the light that you want to use.
Tip: Try and work with one light at a time and then turn them all on towards the end to
see the result.
5. Check the Lights Receive Shadows box. When selected the application of lights will
cause objects to cast shadows on other objects. If this is not the effect that you want,
deselect this option.
6. Select the coordinate or method that you want to use to position the light.
Depending on the selection, different options will be made available—see “Positioning
the Light Source for a Z Space Composite Container” on page 257.
7. Select the type of light source—see “Setting the Type of Light Source” on page 253.
For parameter descriptions, see “Light Tab” on page 365.
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Working with Lights
Setting the Type of Light Source
When working with 3D model and Z space composite container, the type of light source you
select will determine the kind of lighting effect that will be produced. Depending on the type
of light source you select, different options are available. You can set the intensity, apply a
mix or set the softness of the edge of the light.
Setting the Light Source for a 3D Model Container
There are three types of light sources:
•
Point: Combines both focused (specular) and diffuse light. You can use this Light Type
to create the appearance of a shiny surface lit by a point light source.
•
Spot: Simulates the look of a traditional theatrical spotlight. Spot creates a small spot of
intense light whose falloff can vary.
•
Distant: Creates a non-directional infinitely distant diffuse light similar to sunlight.
To set the Point or Distant type:
1. From the Type menu, select Point or Distant.
2. Set the following:
Parameter
Description
Light X and Light
Y
Positions the light source in space by moving the light parallel to the
image plane along the X and Y axes.
Distance
Positions the light source relative to the image plane.
Negative Distance values place the light behind the container and
move the light away from the viewer. Positive Distance values bring
the light source closer to the viewer.
Color
Determines the color of the light.
Intensity
Controls the brightness of the light.
To set the Spot type:
1. From the Type menu, select Spot.
2. Set the following:
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Parameter
Description
Light X and Light Y Positions the light source in space by moving the light parallel to the
image plane along the X and Y axes.
Adjusting these values can change the shape of the light. For
example, as the light source moves off to the right, the light
becomes more oval and less round in shape. Changing the Light X
and Light Y is analogous to pivoting a theatrical spotlight to follow
a performer on stage
Distance
Positions the light source relative to the image plane. Increasing
positive Distance values bring the light source closer to the
viewer.Negative Distance values place the light behind the object
and move the light away from the viewer. If Distance is negative, the
light can be seen only if the object is rotated or displaced so that all
or part of it is behind the light source (that is, the light source always
points in toward the object, never out at the viewer).
Spot X, Spot Y and Sets the coordinates for the point at which the spotlight is aimed.
Spot Z
Adjusting the Spot parameters does not change the shape of the
light.
Angle
Sets the angle of the light. This is analogous to focusing the light.
Edge Falloff
Controls the relative softness of the edges of the lit region. Increase
this value to harden the edges of the lit region.
Edge Falloff removes light from the edges of the lit region. To
maintain the size of the region while softening its edges, you need to
increase Angle accordingly.
Color
Determines the color of the light.
Intensity
Controls the brightness of the light.
Setting the Type of Light Source for a Z Space Composite Container
There are three types of light sources:
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•
Diffuse Specular: Combines both focused (specular) and diffuse light. Use this light
type to create the appearance of a shiny surface lit by a point light source.
•
Spotlight: Simulates the look of a traditional theatrical spotlight.
•
Sweep: Creates a linear beam of light that sweeps across your image. The light source is
physically modeled after a light that is infinitely far away. It is also infinitely wide in one
direction and falls off in the other.
Working with Lights
To set the Diffuse Specular type:
1. From the Type menu, select Diffuse Specular.
2. Set the following:
Parameter
Description
Intensity
Determines the amount of diffuse light on the image.
Increase this value to enlarge the size of the lit region and make the center
of the lit area increasingly bright.
Specular
Determines the amount of specular light applied to the image.
Increase this value to raise the amount of light at the center of the lit region
(determined by the Light X, Y, and Position settings).
Specular
Falloff
Controls the relative softness of the edges of the region lit by specular
light.
Increase this value to soften the edges of this region and decrease its size.
To set the Spotlight type:
1. From the Type menu, select Spotlight.
2. Set the following:
Parameter
Description
Target X
Sets the X and Y coordinates for the point at which the spotlight is aimed.
Changing the Target point is analogous to pivoting a theatrical spotlight to
follow a performer on stage.
Target Y
Cone Width
Adjusts the size of the light cone.
•
Increase this value to enlarge the size of the cone base.
•
Decrease this value to reduce the size of the lit region.
Unlike a physical spotlight changing the cone width of the light does not
affect its intensity.
Intensity
Controls the brightness of the spotlight.
Unlike the Diffuse Specular Intensity parameter, changing Spotlight
Intensity does not affect the size of the lit area.
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Parameter
Description
Edge Falloff
Controls the relative softness of the edges of the lit region.
Point At
Source
•
Default setting of 0 provides a hard edge on the spotlight effect.
Increase this value to soften the edges of the lit region.
•
Edge Falloff removes light from the edges of the lit region.
•
To maintain the size of the region while softening its edges, increase
Cone Width.
Select to set Target coordinates relative to the undistorted source so that the
light follows the source as it animates.
To set the Sweep type:
1. From the Type menu, select Sweep.
2. Set the following:
Parameter
Description
Target X
Sets the X and Y light center. The light comes from infinitely far
away to the light center where it starts to fall off.
Target Y
Sweep Width
Adjusts the size of the width, in pixels, of the light beam.
Intensity
Sets the intensity of the light.
Edge Falloff
Controls how the light falls off from the center of the beam to the
outside regions of the beam.
•
At higher values, the light falls off rapidly outside the center of
the beam creating a hard-edged light beam.
•
At lower values, the light falls off gradually toward the outside
of the light beam creating a softer beam.
Point At Source
Select the Target coordinates set relative to the undistorted source so
that the light follows the source as it animates.
Sweep Angle
Sets the angle between the beam of light and the horizontal axis.
Changing the Position of the Light Source
Light sources can exist at different locations of a scene. Depending on the type of container
that you are working with, different options are available to move or position the light
source. Frequently, you may find it easier to click-and-drag the light or its vectors in the
Composite window, rather than altering the values in the Controls window.
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Positioning the Light Source for a Z Space Composite Container
You can choose between two coordinates or methods to position the light source”
•
Cartesian: This is the default method. It lets you to position the light source by
specifying X and Y coordinates and the distance between the light source and the image.
•
Spherical: Lets you to move the light around the shape along an arc.
To position the light source when using the Cartesian method:
1. Make sure that the Z space composite container track is selected.
2. Select the Lights tab.
3. Select Cartesian from the Coordinates menu.
4. Set the Light 1 X value. This will move the light along the horizontal axis.
5. Set the Light 1 Y value. This will move the light along the vertical axis.
6. Set the Distance. This will focus the light or spread it over a larger area by adjusting the
distance between the light source and the image. To move the light closer to the image,
decrease the value.
7. If you are using more than one light source, select the tab and continue to position it.
To position the light source when using the Spherical method:
1. Select Spherical from the Coordinates menu.
2. Set the Distance value. This controls the distance between the light source and the
shape.
3. Set the Elevation. This will set the latitude of the light
4. If you are using more than one light source, select the next light tab and continue to
position it.
Positioning the Light Source for 3D Model Container
You can position the light source for your scene regardless of the type of lighting effect that
is produced.
To position the light source for a 3D model container:
1. Make sure that the Z space composite container track is selected.
2. Select the Lights tab.
3. Set the Light X value. This will move the light along the horizontal axis.
4. Set the Light Y value. This will move the light along the vertical axis.
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5. Set the Distance. This will focus the light or spread it over a larger area by adjusting the
distance between the light source and the image. To move the light closer to the image,
decrease the value.
6. If you are using more than one light source, select the next light tab and continue to
position it.
Using Colored Lights
By default, light sources emit a white light. However, with 3D model and Z space composite
containers you can change the color of the light to give lit objects a colored tint.
To change the color of the light:
1. Select the Lights tab of the 3D container.
2. Do one of the following:
t
Click the color chip and select a color from the Color dialog box.
t
Enter RGB values into the numerical field.
t
Use the eyedropper to pick a color from the screen.
Setting the Ambience of a Scene
When using a 3D model container, you can set the ambience for each light source. It affects
the whole image evenly. Ambience refers to the diffuse, non-directional light applied to the
image before additional light sources are added. It affects the whole image evenly and is
unaffected by other lighting parameters.
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To set the ambience in a 3D model container:
1. Select the Lights tab of the 3D container.
2. Set the Ambient value.
Increase the value to evenly illuminate the image adding other light effects.
Applying a Mode when Adding Light
When adding light to a Z space composite container, you can control how the filtered image
is composited with the source image. The mode blends the two images, giving the effects
many additional creative possibilities. Experiment with different modes to achieve realistic
lighting effects with lights of various colors.
It is important to note that in OpenGL mode, you will not see non-accelerated objects when
you use the on-screen interactors. Non-accelerated objects include apply modes. As you
adjust the interactors, the Composite window displays the message “Accelerated Draft
Preview” to let you know that you are not seeing all objects. When you release the mouse
button, the Composite window displays all objects. If you need to see all objects, press the
Alt or Option key while you interact.
To apply a mode:
1. Select the Z space composite container on the timeline.
2. Select the Lights tab in the Controls window.
3. Select the Apply Mode—see the “Apply Mode Menu” on page 260.
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Apply Mode Menu
Many effects use Apply Modes to apply the filtered output (or light or some other aspect of
the effect) to the source image. Apply Modes control the blending of the two images, giving
the effects many additional creative possibilities.
In OpenGL mode, you cannot see non-accelerated objects when you use the on-screen
interactors. Non-accelerated objects include apply modes. As you adjust the interactors, the
Composite window displays the message “Accelerated Draft Preview” to let you know that
you are not seeing all objects. When you release the mouse button, the Composite window
displays all objects. If you need to see all objects, press the Alt or Option key while you
interact.
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Apply Mode
Effect
Normal
Applies the light or filter directly to the source image and the filtered pixels
replace the source pixels.
Lighten
Compares the color channel values in the original pixels and in filtered pixels and
chooses the lighter (higher) value for each channel in each pixel. If you apply a
pure red pixel to a pure blue pixel, the result is pure magenta.
Darken
Compares the color channel values in the original pixels and in filtered pixels,
and chooses the darker (lower) value for each channel in each pixel. If you apply
a pure red pixel to a pure blue pixel, the result is black.
Multiply
Applies the light or effect to the source as if it were a transparency placed over
the source. The resulting image is darker than either. If a pure red pixel is applied
to a pure blue pixel, the result is black. If a 50% gray pixel is applied to another
50% gray pixel, the result is 25% gray.
Screen
Applies the light or effect to the source as if a photographic double image was
taken of the light or effect and the source. The resulting image is lighter than
either the light or effect or the source. If you apply a pure red pixel to a pure blue
pixel with Screen, the result is magenta. If a 50% gray pixel is applied to another
50% gray pixel with Screen, the result is 75% gray.
Difference
Outputs the difference between the light or filtered color and the source color for
each channel. Difference modes can produce some very striking colors and create
glow effects when used with Blurs. Difference modes can also exacerbate noise in
video sources. Difference can generate non-Color Safe output.
Lighter
Uses the lighter of the source and filtered colors for each pixel for all channels. If
a dark green pixel is composited with light red, the result is light red.
Darker
Uses the darker of the source and light or filtered colors for each pixel for all
channels. If a dark green pixel is applied to a light red pixel, the result is dark
green.
Working with Lights
Apply Mode
Effect
Scale Multiply
A useful variation of Multiply that produces a brighter image than the standard
Multiply. This is often the most realistic Apply Mode for light effects.
Scale Screen
A useful variation of Screen that produces a darker and less washed-out image
than the standard Screen.
Difference X 2
A variation of Difference that produces a more intense effect than the standard
Difference. The enhanced difference modes are particularly effective in creating
glows with the Blur effects.
Difference X 4
A variation of Difference that produces an even more intense effect than
Difference X 2. The enhanced difference modes are particularly effective in
creating glows with the Blur effects.
Add
Includes the light or filtered output with the source. The resulting color values are
clipped at white.
Subtract
Removes the light or effect from the source. This can produce intense and
unpredictable colors and make the image appear noisy.
Overlay
Puts the light or effect over the source. The result is brighter than the result of
Multiply and darker than the result of Screen.
Soft Light
Simulates shining a diffuse light (whose color is the light color or filtered output)
on the source image. Most of the detail in the final output comes from the source
image.
Hard Light
Simulates shining a harsh light (whose color is the light color or filtered output)
on the source image. The source image and the light or filtered output contribute
roughly equal amounts of detail to the final output.
Hue
Creates a result color for each pixel that takes its Hue value from the light color or
filtered output and takes the Lightness and Saturation values from the source
image.
Saturation
Takes the Saturation of each pixel from the light color or filtered output and takes
the Lightness and Hue from the source image.
Color
Takes the Color for each pixel from the light color or filtered output and takes the
Lightness from the source image.
Luminosity
Takes the Luminosity for each pixel from the light color or filtered output and its
Color from the source image.
Transparency
Used in Light filters and other lighting effects. Increases transparency in lit
regions.
Opacity
Used in Light filters and other lighting effects. Increases opacity in lit regions. If
the image is fully opaque, Opacity has no effect.
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Apply Mode
Effect
Boost Expo 1
Blends the color channels in the source and filtered pixels by subtracting an offset
value from each pixel, exponentiating the value, adding the results, and then
adding back the offset.
Boost Expo 2
Similar to Boost Expo 1, except that this mode uses offset and exponent values
different from those used by Boost Expo 1.
Boost Eq Power +
Uses an algorithm modeled on the audio concept of an equal power crossfade.
This algorithm emphasizes the light pixels in the blend of the source and filtered
pixels that is useful when working with darker images.
Boost Eq Power –
Similar to Boost Eq Power +, but uses the difference between the channel value
and 255 in computing the contrast. This algorithm emphasizes the dark pixels in
the blend of the source and filtered pixels, which is useful when working with
lighter images.
Boost Bias
Bias increases the contrast of the pixels whose channel values are the highest.
50–50 Mix
50–50 Mix reduces the opacity of the source and filtered pixels by 50% and then
blends them equally. If the source or filtered pixels are partially transparent, their
opacities are reduced proportionately.
Applying a Mix
After you have applied a mode to the Z space composite container, you can then control the
mix with the Normal mode setting.
To apply a mix:
•
In the Lights tab in the Controls window, set the Apply Mix value.
If the Apply Mode setting is Normal, the Apply Mix has no effect. If the Apply Mix is 0,
then the Apply Mode setting has no effect. Increase the Apply Mix to blend the Apply
Mode with the Normal setting.
Working with Shadows
Each object in a scene can include a shadow. You can control the shadow's location relative
to the object and the shadow's appearance. A shadow is the projection of an object's outline
onto a flat surface. It can be a solid color or a texture.
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You can add a shadow to the entire container or objects in the containers. Objects inside the
container cast only drop shadows, except those in Z space composite containers. Objects in a
Z space composite container can cast and receive shadows rather than creating simple drop
shadows. See “Adding Shadows to Z Space Composite Containers” on page 265
Drop shadows fall on a specified distance from the object, while cast shadows appear to fall
on another object. Therefore, a cast shadow’s appearance and shape depends on the distance
between the two objects and the shape of the object on which the shadow falls.
You can only include shadows in a 3D container using the default 2D composite renderer.
Adding Shadows to 2D Composite Containers
Each shape or object inside a 2D composite container includes a Shadow On option in the
Shadow tab. For the shadow to be visible when adjusting the shadow parameters of the 2D
composite container, you must select it. You can also turn on the drop shadow by clicking
the Toggle Drop Shadow button.
Toggle Drop
Shadow button
Here is an example of a shadow added to a 2D composite container.
To add shadows to a 2D composite container:
1. Make sure that the Drop Shadow On checkbox is selected for each shape in the 2D
composite container.
2. Select the 2D composite container on the timeline.
3. Select the Shadows tab and make the Shadow On checkbox is selected.
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4. Set the following parameters:
Parameter
Description
Distance
Sets the distance (in pixels) of the shadow from the image.
Opacity
Sets the opacity of the drop shadow, scaled as a percentage.
Softness
Controls the softness of the shadow.
Use a low value for an effect that emulates the look of a shadow in hard
light, or increase the value for a more diffuse shadow effect.
Color
Determines the color of the shadow.
Click the color chip to access the system color picker, or use the
eyedropper to choose a color from the screen. You can also enter RGB
values into the numerical fields associated with the color control.
Angle
Determines the direction of the drop shadow.
A setting of 0° places the shadow to the right of the image; a setting of
90° places it directly below the image. You can animate the drop shadow
using Angle settings greater than 360° to make the shadow undergo
more than one full revolution.
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Working with Shadows
Shadow set to
color white
Adding Shadows to Z Space Composite Containers
You can add shadows to the entire container or work with the shapes or objects inside the
container. You can cast shadows on objects rather than producing simple drop shadows.
Adding Shadows to Shapes Inside a Z Space Composite Container
When you select a shape or object inside the container, the shape track’s Lights and Shadows
tabs are replaced by a single Lights/Shadows tab. It controls whether the shape casts and/or
receives shadows and whether the shape is affected by each of the three lights in the 3D
container.
To add shadows to a shape inside a Z space composite container:
1. Select a shape inside the Z space composite container.
2. In the Controls window, select the Lights/Shadows tab.
3. Set the following parameters:
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Parameter
Description
Cast Z Space Shadows
option
Select if you want the track to cast shadows on other
shapes in the container.
Receive Z Space Shadows
From Other Objects
option
Select if you want the shape to receive shadows cast by
other shapes in the container.
Receive Light 1, Receive
Light 2, Receive Light 3
options
Select if you want the shape to receives light from each of
the three corresponding light sources in the container.
Receives Shadows 1,
Receives Shadows 2,
Receives Shadows 3
menus
Select On if you want the shape to receive shadows
created by the application of the corresponding light
source to the objects in the container.
If deselected, the Cast Z Space Shadows and Receive Z
Space Shadows From Other Objects options have no
effect, since no cast shadows are created by the application
of the lights.
The three light sources are controlled by the 3D
Container’s Lights tab—see “Adding Light to a Z Space
Composite Container” on page 251.
Works in conjunction with the Receive Z Space Shadows
From Other Objects option to determine whether the shape
receives shadows created by the application of the
respective light source as follows:
Select the Layer and Receive Z Space Shadows From
Other Objects options to determine whether the shape
receives shadows created by the application of the
corresponding light source.
Ambient Light
Adjusts the brightness of the shape.
Also see “Setting the Ambience of a Scene” on page 258
Adding Shadows to the Z Composite Container
When you add shadows to the entire Z composite container, the shapes or objects within the
container to cast shadows on one another.
To add shadows to a Z composite container:
1. Select the Z space container on the timeline.
2. In the Controls window, select the Shadows tab.
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Working with Shadows
3. Select Shadows On.
4. Set the following parameters:
• Opacity of the shadow.
• Color of the shadow.
• Elevation of the light source. A high elevation value produces a shadow that falls
directly behind the object casting the shadow. A negative elevation value cause the
object to cast a shadow in front of itself in Z space that partially covers the object.
Elevation=60
Elevation=25
• Direction of the light source. This is the angle that it makes with the horizontal axis.
The object casts a shadow in the direction opposite that of the of the light source. For
example, if the light hits the plane from the right, it casts a shadow to the left.
Direction=–135
Direction=–45
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•
Light Width.
Increase the value to produce shadows with softer edges.
Light Width=15
•
Light Width=50
Select the Algorithm you want to use for rendering. Experiment with the settings to find
the algorithm that looks best.
Faster #1 and Faster #2 renders shadows more quickly but at a lower quality. Better
increases the rendering time but produces a better shadow.
Adding Shadows to 3D Model Containers
In 3D model container, each light added creates a cast shadow. You can adjust the
appearance of the shadow. The following shows a 3D sphere receiving cast shadows from a
3D primitive text track.
To add shadows to a 3D model container:
1. Select the 3D model container on the timeline.
2. In the Controls window, select the Shadows tab.
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Applying a Motion Blur to a 3D Container
Each tab corresponds to
the respective numbered
light source applied in the
Lights tab
3. Check one of the three numbered Shadow options to enable a shadow.
4. Select the tab next to the option to adjust the following parameters for that shadow:
• Shadow Bias: Lets you to correct render errors which may be created by extreme
positioning of the light sources. If you notice shadows in areas that should not be
shadowed or other render errors, try increasing Shadow Bias.
• Softness: Lets you softens the edges of the shadows, emulating the appearance of
shadows cast by a diffuse light source. Increasing the value to soften edges.
• Map Resolution: Lets you adjust the quality of the shadows. Higher values produce
higher quality, but increase render and preview times proportionately.
Applying a Motion Blur to a 3D Container
In real life, an object that moves quickly appears blurred. Imagine a camera taking a picture
of the moving object. The object in the picture appears blurred because the object moved
during the short time that the camera's shutter was open. If the shutter was open for a shorter
time, the object would appear sharper. The blur is most pronounced when the container
moves quickly or rotates through space and is less pronounced when the container moves
slowly.
As the Motion Blur effect is a very processor-intensive feature, you might want to turn it off
while you work and then enable it just before rendering.
n
If you nest a 3D container inside another 3D container that uses the Z space or 3D model
renderer, motion blur does not apply. In this instance, the 3D container does not render any
of its objects independently and thus does not have the motion blur effect.
To apply a motion blur to a 3D container:
1. Select the 3D container on the timeline.
2. In the Controls window, select the Motion Blur tab.
3. Set the appropriate parameters until you are satisfied with the result.
For parameter descriptions, see “Motion Blur Tab (Containers)” on page 291.
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Compositing 3D Container Images
When working with 3D container images, you can apply a blending mode, adjust mix
controls, and composite the entire container over other tracks on the timeline. To composite
individual shapes within the container, use the shape’s Composite tab.
To composite 3D container images:
1. Select the 3D container on the timeline.
2. In the Controls window, select the Composite tab.
3. Set the Apply Mode—see the “Apply Mode Menu” on page 260.
4. Set the Apply Mix to soften the effect of the mode that you have set.
5. Adjust the Brightness and Contrast of the image.
6. Set the Mix Back value.
This will mix the Normal mode with the selected mode or mix the selected mode with a
transparent application of the shape.
7. Set the Opacity to adjust the level of transparency.
n
The Opacity and the Mix Back settings determine the final opacity of the container. One
parameter does not override the other; instead, the two parameters have a cumulative effect.
For parameter descriptions, see “Composite Tab” on page 293.
Working with 3D Chart Containers
The 3D chart container lets you to import tab or comma delimited data to create a chart
using Spline Primitive shapes. You can export this format from any database or spreadsheet
program. You can also create a chart from scratch by entering data information manually. All
charts are animatable and can be in 2D or 3D.
There are four different types of charts:
Bar Graph
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Pie Chart
Area Chart
Line Graph
Working with 3D Chart Containers
To create a 3D Chart Container:
1. Click the Add Chart button in the timeline or select Track > New Chart Container.
The chart is created over an alpha channel. If there are any tracks lower in the timeline,
they are visible in the background unless they are turned off.
2. Double-click the Chart track in the timeline to open the Chart Editor.
3. Import a file or enter your data in the Chart Editor—See “Using the Chart Editor” on
page 271.
4. Select the Chart track in the timeline.
5. In the Chart tab in the Controls window, click the appropriate tab on the left to set the
chart type.
6. Use the Chart, Values, Legend, 3D Style, Position, Motion Blur, Shadow and Composite
tabs to format your chart—see “Formatting Charts” on page 273
For parameter descriptions, see “3D Chart Container Controls” on page 294.
Using the Chart Editor
The Chart Editor is used to import chart data from a text file and tab or comma delimited file
formats from any database or spreadsheet program. The file extension does not matter. If
you create a chart in Microsoft Excel, save the chart in either Text (Tab Delimited) or CSV
(Comma Delimited) format. Do not save the chart using the Microsoft Excel workbook
format as it will be automatically rejected.
You can also use the chart editor to enter chart data information manually.
To import chart data:
1. Double-click the chart track in the timeline to open the chart editor.
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2. In the Chart Editor, click the Import Data button.
3. Navigate to the location of the file you want to import.
4. Select the file and click Open.
5. Click the Save Changes button to apply the data to your 3D chart.
Selecting the Chart Type
There are four types of charts to select from. You can customize each chart as you like.
To select the chart type:
1. Select the Chart track on the timeline.
2. In the Controls window, select the Chart tab.
3. On the left, select the type of chart.
Bar graph
Pie
Line graph
Area chart
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Working with 3D Chart Containers
4. Adjust the values for the chart type until you are satisfied.
For parameter descriptions, see “Chart Tab” on page 295.
Formatting Charts
Once you have selected the chart type, you can format it as you like. You can set color, orient
the chart, set the font, position the legend and so on. Depending on the type of 3D chart you
select different options are available.
While the bar graph, line graph and area charts can represent two dimensional table data, the
pie chart uses only one row of numbers.
Orienting your Chart
You can easily orient the 3D chart from the Chart tab in the Controls window.
To
Do This
Stack bars on top of each other.
Select Stacked Bars.
Stacked Bars are almost a distinct chart type.
n
Set Start Range, Use Logarithmic Scale, all
Values parameters and the Spacing in Series
parameter don’t have any affect when this option
is selected.
Create a horizontal bar graph instead of a vertical bar
graph.
n
Only the Bar Graph type includes this option.
Reverse the direction of the bars.
n
Select Horizontal Bars.
Select Invert Direction
The Pie Chart does not include this option.
Invert Bars
unselected
Invert Bars
selected
Orient the chart to include rows or columns as a series. The Pie Chart does not have this option as it only includes
one row of data.
There are two options:
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To
Do This
Rows as Series: Places the rows vertically in the
chart. The information in the first row appears in
the Legend.
Select Rows as Series from the Series menu.
Columns as Series: Places the columns vertically
in the chart. The information in the first column
appears in the Legend
Select Columns as Series from the Series menu.
Set the spacing globally between the bars or the pie
chart sections.
The Line Chart and Area Chart do not include this
option.
Adjust the Spacing value.
This parameter works in conjunction with the Spacing
in Series parameter.
Set the spacing in pixels between each bar within each Adjust the Spacing in Series value.
series scaled as a percentage of the global Spacing
parameter.
n
Only the Bar Graph includes this option.
Spacing=20
Spacing=20
Set the scale of the chart, as a percentage. You can use Adjust the Scale value.
this parameter to resize the entire chart.
n
Only the Pie Chart includes this option. To scale
the other chart types, use the Scale X and Scale Y
parameters in the Position tab.
Set the opacity of the chart.
Adjust the Opacity value
Limit the range of the chart by setting a starting value
in the accompanying numerical field.
Select Range Start
Setting Chart Colors
You can assign any range of colors to your chart. Select between two options:
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Working with 3D Chart Containers
•
User: Lets you assign up to 16 colors to your chart. If your chart does not include 16
elements, some colors do not appear in your chart. If your chart includes more than 16
elements, the colors repeat.
Use the eyedropper to pick a color from the color ramp or the screen or click the color
swatch to open the system color picker.
•
Random: The random color seed lets you set the value that is input to the random
generator used to generate the color of the bars.
Adjust this value when you like the overall effect but want to adjust the random
configuration of the colors.
Setting the Font in the Chart
You can select the type of font you want to use in the chart.
To set the font:
1. Making sure the Chart track is selected on the timeline, select the Chart tab in the
Controls window.
2. Select a font from the Chart Font menu.
Formatting the Grid
When working with the bar graph, line graph, and area chart types, you can enable a colored
grid and format it later.
To format a grid:
1. In the Chart tab, select the Enable Grid and Enable Gridlines options.
A colored grid is included in the chart.
2. Use the color swatch or the eyedropper to set the color of the grid lines and font.
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Green is selected for the font and blue for the
grid lines
3. For the Line Graph only, set the type of value point for each line in the graph.
Square Point
Round Point
4. Adjust the Grid Font Opacity value to set the transparency of the font.
The grid uses the default font and size. To change the font, see “Setting the Font in the
Chart” on page 275.
5. Set the Grid Opacity.
6. Adjust the Grid Thickness value to set the width of the gridlines in pixels.
7. Adjust the Grid Density value to set the number of lines in the grid.
8. Select the Grid Fill option to add a colored backdrop behind your grid.
9. Adjust the Grid Fill Opacity value to set the transparency of the grid backdrop.
Adding Numeric Values to a Chart
You can set and display numeric values, including percentages and currencies, in a chart.
The font type of the values is the one set in the Chart tab.
To add numeric values:
1. Select the Chart track on the timeline.
2. In the Controls window, select the Values tab.
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3. Select the Enable Values option to start adding and displaying the values.
The values are displayed at the top of each bar, outside each pie chart section, at each
line graph point, or above each area chart point.
4. Set the color of the values by using the eyedropper or color swatch.
5. Select the Apply Current Text Style option to apply the current text style set for your
project in the Style Palette Window.
6. Select the Apply Current Text Style option to apply the current text style set for your
project in the Style Palette Window.
The font and font color previously set will be replaced by the current text style in the
Style Palette Window.
7. Adjust the Font Size value to increase or decrease the font size of all the values in the
chart.
To adjust the size of an individual value, see “Positioning and Scaling a Numeric Value
on a Chart” on page 278
8. Adjust the Value Scale to set the scale of the values as a percentage.
9. Adjust the Value Opacity.
This value is adjusted as a percentage.
10. Position all the values by setting the following:
• Position X: Adjusts the horizontal
• Position Y: Adjusts the vertical location
• Position Z: Adjusts the apparent depth
To adjust the position of an individual value, see “Positioning and Scaling a Numeric
Value on a Chart” on page 278
11. Set the Value Type—see “Setting the Value Type” on page 277.
Setting the Value Type
You can assign the type of value that you want the chart to use. There are four types:
•
Number: Displays simple numeric values.
•
Currency: Displays monetary values.
•
Percentage: Displays numeric values in percentages.
•
Scientific: Displays scientific notation as floating point values.
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To set the value type:
1. Making sure the Chart track is selected on the timeline, select the Values tab in the
Controls window.
2. From the Value Type menu, select the type that you want displayed.
3. Set the following parameters:
Parameter
Description
Format
Lets you format the numbers.
n
None
This option is not available for the Scientific type
Displays numbers without any commas. A value of nine thousand
appears as 9000.
(,) for Thousands Uses a comma to indicate thousands. A value of nine thousand
appears as 9,000.
K for Thousands Uses the letter K to indicate thousands. A value of nine thousand
appears as 9K.
M for Millions
Negative Values
Uses the letter M to indicate millions. A value of nine million
appears as 9M.
Lets you decide how to display negative numbers.
n
This option is not available for the Scientific type
Use Minus Sign
Displays negative values with a negative sign.
Use Brackets ()
Displays negative values inside parentheses.
Precision
Sets the precision for values that contain decimal points.
Currency Symbol
Display a currency symbol before each value.
This option is only available for the Currency type.
Positioning and Scaling a Numeric Value on a Chart
Once you enable the display of numeric values on a chart on the Value tab in the Controls
window, a Values track is added on the timeline. From this track you can make positioning
and scaling adjustments to each numeric value on a chart.
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Working with 3D Chart Containers
Depending how you prefer to work, make adjustments in the tabs of the Controls window,
directly in the timeline, or use a combination of both methods.
To position and scale a numeric value:
1. Make sure that the Enable Values option for your chart is selected.
2. Select the Values track on the timeline.
Tip: It is the Values track that is on the same level as the Transformations track of the
chart as well as the chart type track, for example BarGraph or PieChart.
3. Expand the Values track to view all the values on the chart.
4. Select the value you want to position or scale.
5. In the Controls window, select the Position tab and set the following:
• Position X and Position Y: Adjusts the horizontal and vertical location, respectively
• Position Z: Adjusts the depth
• Scale X, Scale Y, and Scale Z: Adjusts the size of the value along the X, Y, and Z axes,
respectively.
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Adding a Legend to a Chart
When creating a chart, it is essential to have a legend that explains symbols or colors on the
chart. You can quickly create one by using the values in the Legend tab.
To add a legend to your chart:
1. Select the Chart track on the timeline.
2. In the Controls window, select the Legend tab.
3. Select the Enable Legend option.
A legend track is added inside the 3D Chart container.
4. Making sure the Chart track on the timeline is selected, select the Legend tab in the
Controls window.
5. Select the Enable Legend option to display the legend.
6. Select a Location for the legend.
7. Select the Apply Current Text Style option to apply the current text style set for your
project in the Style Palette Window.
The font and font color set in the Chart tab is replaced by the current text style in the
Style Palette Window.
8. Adjust the Font Size value.
9. Adjust the Legend Scale value.
This value is a percentage and resizes the legend.
10. Adjust the Legend Opacity.
11. Position all the values by setting the following:
• Position X: Adjusts the horizontal
• Position Y: Adjusts the vertical location
• Position Z: Adjusts the apparent depth
12. Select a Key Shape.
This determines the shape of the key:
• Square: Creates a square of the corresponding color.
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Working with 3D Chart Containers
• Round: Creates a circle of the corresponding color.
13. Select the Enable Legend Backdrop option to include a colored backdrop behind the
legend.
14. Set the color of the backdrop, by using the color swatch or the eyedropper on the right.
15. Select the Corner Type to determine the shape of the corners of the legend box.
Convex Corner
Concave Corner
Straight Corner
16. Adjust the Corner Size value to set the size of the legend’s corners.
Corner Size=0
Corner Size=25
Corner Size=50
17. Set the opacity of the background by adjusting the Fill Opacity value.
18. Select the Enable Legend Border option to apply a border around the legend.
19. Set the Border Width.
Adding Dimension to a Chart
When designing charts, you have the option to add 2D or 3D properties to the chart. These
options are available on the 3D Style tab of the Chart
You can format the chart as two dimensional or three dimensional by assigning one of these
styles:
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•
Flat: Uses the 3D Plane shape so it is two dimensional (2D).
•
Extruded: Uses the 3D Extrusion shape so it is three dimensional (3D).
Adding a 2D Style to a Chart
You can add a two dimensional style to your chart.
To add a 2D style to a chart:
1. Select the Chart track on the timeline.
2. In the Controls window, select the 3D Style tab
3. Select the Flat 3D style.
4. Select the Apply Current Spline Style option to apply the current spline style set for
your project in the Style Palette Window.
If you have not set a spline style, see “Working with the Style Palette” on page 452.
5. Select the Enable Border option to apply a border to each bar, outside each pie chart
section, or around each area chart section.
n
You cannot apply a border to the Line Graph.
6. Set the color of the border by using the color swatch or the eyedropper on the right.
7. Set the Border Width.
8. Select the Apply Current Natural style, if you want to apply the current natural style set
for your project to the front face of the chart.
To set a natural style, see “Working with the Style Palette” on page 452.
Adding a 3D Style to a Chart
You can add a three dimensional style to your chart.
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Working with 3D Chart Containers
To add a 3D style to a chart:
1. Select the Chart track on the timeline.
2. In the Controls window, select the 3D Style tab
3. Select the Extrusion 3D style.
4. Adjust the Shape Depth value to set the thickness of the extruded sides.
5. Adjust the Bevel Amount value to set the width of the bevels.
6. Select the Apply Current Material Style, if you want to apply the current material style
set for your project to the front face of the chart.
To set a material style, see “Working with the Style Palette” on page 452.
7. Select the Enable Back Bevels options to create bevels on the back face of the chart.
Bevels are created only on the front face, if you leave this option deselected. Also note
that leaving this option deselected to speed rendering time.
Applying Animation to a Chart
Avid FX gives you the ability to animate 2D or 3D charts. You can animate charts on screen
to reveal the elements, offscreen to remove the elements, or both. You can also animate
opacity and scale, for example to give bars a “growing” effect. Animation is applied
progressively using the setting in the interpolation menu.
The animation tab contains sub-tabs for:
•
Reveal: Controls the animation on screen
Select this option and tab to reveal bars or pie chart sections on screen.
•
Remove: Controls the animation off screen
Select this option and tab to remove elements off screen.
To create a chart that animates the elements both on and off screen, select both options.
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Reveal
Remove
To create an animated chart offscreen and onscreen
1. Select the Chart track on the timeline.
2. In the Controls window, select the Animation tab
3. Select the Reveal and Remove options.
n
To create a static chart, deselect both options.
4. Adjust the Animation Time value to controls how long each bar or pie chart section
animates during the effect, expressed as a percentage.
This affects animations created with the Reveal Shape, Fade, Scale, Position, Tumble,
Spin, and/or Rotate parameters.
n
When you set Animation Time in both tabs, the total value should not exceed 100. If the total
exceeds 100, the setting in the Reveal tab takes precedence.
5. Adjust the Animation Time value to set the number of frames that each element is on
screen before the next element animates on or off.
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Working with 3D Chart Containers
This value is set as a percentage. At a value of 100, each bar or pie chart section finishes
animating before the next element begins animating on or offscreen. At higher values,
multiple elements animate at the same time
6. Set the Interpolation type:
• Accelerate: Lets you to gradually accelerate the effect.
• Decelerate: Lets you to gradually decelerate the effect.
• Linear: Uses a constant speed, similar to the Linear interpolation type.
7. To control how the animation is applied, select one of the following options:
• Cells: Applies the animation to each cell. So the animation applies to each individual
bar or pie chart section.
• Rows: Applies the animation to each row in the chart.
• Columns: Applies the animation to each column in the chart.
8. Set the Spacing in order to animate the spacing between the elements. This parameter
works together with the Spacing parameter available on the Chart tab.
• Constant: Does not animate the spacing.
• 0 to Value: Starts with the elements adjacent and animates to the Spacing value. If the
Spacing value is 0, this choice has no affect. This option is only available when you
are animating on screen.
• Infinity to Value. Starts with the elements wide apart and animates them to the
Spacing value. This option is only available when you are animating on screen.
• Value to 0. Starts with the elements at the Spacing value and animates them until they
are adjacent. If the Spacing value is 0, this choice has no effect. This option is only
available when you are animating offscreen.
• Value to Infinity. Starts with the elements at the Spacing value and animates them
apart. This option is only available when you are animating offscreen.
9. Select the Reveal Shape option to animate each element on the screen.
10. Select the Continuously Rasterize option to force the vector form of the chart to
recalculate based on parameter changes. Do not select this option if using static charts.
Selecting this option improves image quality if:
• You set the Scale parameters to scale the chart larger than 100% size.
• You use large negative Position Z values.
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• You set the Tumble or Spin parameters so that parts of the chart appear very close to
the viewer.
• You rotate with a bevel or emboss style and you want the highlight to recalculate
accordingly.
n
Tip: Set up the effect with the option disabled to improve preview performance. Then select
the option as a final step to improve the render.
11. Adjust the Fade value to gradually fade in successive bars, sections, or lines.
Decrease the value to create a more gradual effect, in which each object fades on as its
opacity increases.
12. Set the Scale X and Y values to adjust the starting size of the objects.
Decrease the value, the object appears to grow on the screen.
13. Use the Position X, Y, and Z values to position the objects along the X, Y, and Z axes,
respectively.
14. Adjust the Tumble, Spin, and Rotate values.
Each object animates from its starting Tumble, Spin, and Rotate values to its ending
values as it appears on screen.
Creating Chart Backdrops
3D Chart Containers are created over an alpha channel. If you are compositing the container
over other tracks, then they will be visible in the background.
You can easily create a backdrop using the Color, Gradient, or Natural media. See “Defining
Color” on page 99, “Creating Gradients” on page 101 and “Creating Natural Media” on
page 113.
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Reference: Containers
This section contains reference information about containers:
3D Container Controls3D Container Controls
3D Container Controls
The 3D container has several tabs, which are made available depending on the type of
renderer you are using.
Position Tab (Containers) on page 287
Pivot Tab (Containers) on page 289
Camera Tab (Containers) on page 289
Camera Tab (3D Model Container) on page 290
Motion Blur Tab (Containers) on page 291
Composite Tab on page 293
Position Tab (Containers)
The Position tab lets you transform, scale, and rotate containers.
Parameter
Description
Position X, Position Y,
Position Z
Adjust the horizontal and vertical location of the
container. Position Z adjusts the apparent depth of
the container.
Adjust the object using one of the following
methods:
Renderer
•
Move sliders to reposition an object.
•
Click and drag Position X and Position Y
anywhere in the Composite window when you
select the container in the timeline.
Determines how objects within the container relate.
It is located in the 3D Container’s Position tab.
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Parameter
Description
2D Composite
The object whose track is positioned highest in the
timeline overlaps all other objects in the container.
In 2D Composite mode, you can place any type of
shape track in the container.
Z Space Composite
The object positioned closest to the viewer in Z
space overlaps objects that are farther away. Z Space
Composite allows objects in the container to cast
shadows on one another rather than producing
simple drop shadows. If you select Z Space
Composite, 3D Plane and 3D Sphere shapes are
placed in the container.
3D Model
Similar to Z Space Composite but allows you to use
3D Extrusion shapes in the container. However,
there are instances when you want to include tracks
that use the 3D Sphere, 3D Plane, Cylinder, Cube,
and Page Turn shapes in a 3D Container that uses
the 3D Model Renderer. This allows you to apply
3D parameters such as Materials, Textures, and
Bump Maps to two dimensional shapes. When you
use one of these two dimensional shapes in a 3D
Model container, the track is called a 3D primitive.
Trails
Create a series of residual images that follow the
container as it moves.
•
Increasing Trails increases the number of images
that trail the container.
•
A stationary container does not create trails.
•
Whole number values determine the number of
distinct trails that are visible.
•
Fractional numbers scale the opacity of the
trails.
n
Scale X, Scale Y
288
This is only available for a 3D container
using the 2D composite renderer.
Set the size of the container along the X and Y axes.
These parameters are scaled as percentages of the
container’s original width or height.
Working with 3D Chart Containers
Parameter
Description
Tumble, Spin, Rotate
Adjust the container’s position around the X, Y, and
Z axes.
Animate Tumble, Spin, and Rotate values greater
than 360° to make the container undergo more than
one full revolution.
Container
tumbled
Container
spun
Container
rotated
Pivot Tab (Containers)
The Pivot tab lets you set an external pivot point around which the object or container
tumbles, spins, or rotates.
Parameter
Description
Position X, Position Y,
Position Z
Reflect the coordinates of the 3D object. These controls are
identical to the Position X, Position Y, and Position Z parameters in
the Position tab.
When you adjust the Position settings in the Position or the Pivot
tabs, the other tab updates to reflect the changes. See Positioning a
3D Container for more information on the Position parameters.
Pivot X, Pivot Y, Pivot Z Determine the coordinates of a point around which the object
revolves when you tumble, spin, or rotate it.
Normally, these controls rotate an object around its center. Also set
a pivot point by unlocking the Position and Pivot parameters and
adjust the corresponding Pivot parameter.
Camera Tab (Containers)
The Camera tab lets you control the camera perspective of the container.
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Parameter
Description
Camera X, Camera Y
Set the horizontal and vertical position of the focal point of the
camera (the point on the image plane at which the camera is
pointed).
Distance
Sets the model camera’s distance from the container.
Decrease this setting to place the camera closer to the container to
exaggerate the perspective on portions of the container that are
closest to the camera.
Camera Tab (3D Model Container)
The Camera tab lets you control the camera perspective of the container.
Parameter
Description
Camera Model
Determines what type of model is used in adjusting the camera
perspective of the object. Each of the three choices has its own
controls.
Position
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Lets you adjust the camera perspective by setting the X,Y, and Z
position of the camera's focal point, the distance between the camera
and the object, and by rotating the camera around the X, Y, and Z axis.
•
Camera X, Camera Y, and Camera Z set the position of the focal
point of the camera (the point on the image plane at which the
camera is pointed) along the X, Y, and Z axis respectively.
•
Distance sets the model camera's distance from the object.
Increasing this setting places the camera closer to the object,
exaggerating the perspective on portions of the object that are
closest to the camera.
•
Tumble, Spin, and Rotate rotate the focal point around the X, Y,
and Z axes respectively. Tumble, Spin, and Rotate can be animated
over values greater than 360° in order to make the focal point
complete more than one full revolution.
Working with 3D Chart Containers
Parameter
Orbit
Pan
Description
Lets you rotate the camera around the object. In this camera model, the
camera is always pointed towards the object. Orbit includes the
following parameters:
•
Distance sets the model camera's distance from the object.
Decreasing this setting places the camera closer to the object,
exaggerating the perspective on portions of the object that are
closest to the camera.
•
Tumble, Spin, and Rotate rotate the model camera around the
object along the X, Y, and Z axis, respectively.
Lets you pan the model camera along the X axis. Pan includes the
following parameters:
•
Distance sets the model camera's position along the Z axis.
Decreasing negative values move the camera away from the
viewer. Increasing positive values move the camera towards the
viewer.
•
Advance controls the position of the camera's focal point on the X
axis of the object.
Depth of Field
Select On to turn on the Depth of Field parameters.
Quality
Controls the quality of the Depth of Field blur. This is basically an
anti-aliasing level control.
Select Low, Medium or High. There is a significant rendering cost to
using High.
Focal Length
Sets the distance between the camera and the focal point. If the object
is at the focal point, it appears in focus. As it moves away from the
focal point, it loses focus.
Depth of Field
Sets the camera's depth of field. If you increase or decrease this
parameter, the focal range from the focal point is increased or
decreased.
Sample #
Sets the number of samples that are taken. Higher values take longer to
preview and render but provide smoother blurring.
Motion Blur Tab (Containers)
Lets you create a realistic blur effect on animated containers simulating the effect of
shooting a moving object on film. The blur is most pronounced when the container moves
quickly or rotates through space and is less pronounced when the container moves slowly.
Motion blur has no effect if the container is static.
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n
For each of the first two Apply Motion Blur to options, the motion blur is computed
separately for each shape. For the last option, the snapshots are rendered for the entire
container. This provides more accurate results even if the faces do not include animated
objects; the motion blur mixing is done after the shapes are composited.
Parameter
Description
Shutter Angle
Refers to the workings of a conventional film camera. The
default shutter angle is 180°.
•
Increase the angle to open the shutter longer creating a
wider blur.
•
Decrease the angle to produce a thinner blur.
For the smoothest motion, set Shutter Angle to 360. You can
also overdrive it for special effects.
Smoothness
Determines how many samples are taken between the time the
shutter opens and the time it closes.
Increase the number of samples to create a smoother blur.
However, preview and render times are increased
proportionally.
Low
Uses the fewest samples,
Medium
Limits smoothness while working in Draft mode; four
snapshots are the most rendered.
High
Takes eight snapshots
Highest
Uses the most samples
Apply Motion Blur to
Controls what the motion blur affects.
n
3D Planes Motion Only
Applies motion blur to the motion of any 3D Plane track in the
container but not to lights or shadows or to any synthetic media
or filters on the Face of the 3D Plane track.
All Shapes
Applies motion blur to the motion of the Shape track as well as
to lights and shadows for any 3D Sphere, Cube, Sphere,
Cylinder, or Page Turn tracks in the container.
n
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Not available for 3D model containers.
You cannot apply motion blur to Faces or filters or to
any synthetic media such as animated Natural media or
gradients.
Working with 3D Chart Containers
Parameter
Description
Container, Faces, and
Filters
Applies motion blur to the entire container.
Container Only
Applies motion blur only to the container.
Use Adaptive Motion Blur
for 3D Planes option
Enabled if the Apply Motion Blur to menu is set to 3D Planes Motion Only.
Reduces the number of snapshots taken when 3D Planes move
slowly, greatly reducing rendering time for effects that start
slowly then move quickly offscreen.
n
Only available for 2D composite containers.
For additional information on the Motion Blur tab, see Blurring an Image.
Composite Tab
The Composite tab lets you set an apply mode, adjust various mix controls, and composite
the shape or container over other objects. It is common to all shapes and 3D containers.
Parameter
Description
Apply Mode menu
Determines how an image is composited over images
underneath it in the timeline—see Apply Mode Menu.
Apply Mix
Blends the Apply Mode setting with the Apply Mix From
menu setting. Apply Mix softens the affect of a given apply
mode or animates Apply Mix to blend from one apply mode
to another over time. The resulting mixed mode is used to
composite the shape.
Brightness
Adjusts the brightness of an object after it is composited over
the background.
Contrast
Adjusts the contrast of the object after it is composited over
the background.
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Parameter
Description
Mix Back
Mixes the Normal apply mode with the chosen apply mode
or mixes the chosen apply mode with a transparent
application of the shape.
If Mix Back is 100, Normal is used to composite the shape.
As the Mix Back approaches 0, Normal increasingly mixes
with the chosen apply mode. If Mix Back is 0, the chosen
apply mode is used to composite the shape.
If you decrease the setting below 0, the object becomes
increasingly transparent, and at a value of –100 the object is
completely transparent.
Opacity
Use to adjust the level of transparency.
0 sets the object to completely transparent.
100 sets the object to completely opaque.
Intermediate values produce varying degrees of transparency.
Determines the final opacity by mixing the Opacity and the
Mix Back settings. Neither parameter overrides the other; the
two parameters have a cumulative effect.
3D Chart Container Controls
The 3D Chart has several tabs, which are made available depending on the type of chart you
are using.
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•
Chart Tab on page 295
•
Values Tab on page 298
•
Legend Tab on page 299
•
3D Style Tab on page 300
•
Animation Tab (3D Chart Container) on page 302
•
Position Tab (Containers) on page 287
•
Pivot Tab (Containers) on page 289
•
Camera Tab (Containers) on page 289
•
Motion Blur Tab (Containers) on page 291
•
Composite Tab on page 293
Working with 3D Chart Containers
Chart Tab
The Chart tab lets you format the 3D Chart.
Click the tab for the appropriate chart shape, — a bar graph, a pie chart, a line graph or an
area chart. While the bar graph, line graph and area charts can represent two dimensional
table data, the pie chart uses only one row of numbers.
Parameter
Description
Chart tabs
Sets the type of chart. The choices include:
•
Bar Graph
•
Pie Chart
•
Line Graph
•
Area Chart
Stacked Bars option
Stacks the bars on top of each other. Available only with the Bar
Graph tab.
Horizontal Bars option
Creates a horizontal bar graph instead of a vertical bar graph. Only
the Bar Graph tab includes this option.
Invert Direction option
Reverses the direction of the bars. The Pie Chart tab does not
include this option.
Series menu
Lets you orient the chart to include rows or columns as a series.
This option is not available in the Pie Chart since the Pie Chart
only includes one row of data. The following includes:
Rows as Series. Places the rows vertically in the chart. The
information in the first row appears in the Legend.
Columns as Series. Places the columns vertically in the chart.
The information in the first column appears in the Legend.
Spacing
Sets the spacing globally between the bars or the pie chart
sections.
The Line Chart and Area Chart do not include this option.
This parameter works in conjunction with the Spacing in Series
parameter.
Spacing in Series
Sets the spacing in pixels between each bar within each series
scaled as a percentage of the global Spacing parameter.
Only the Bar Graph tab includes this option.
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Parameter
Description
Scale
Sets the scale of the chart, as a percentage. You can use this
parameter to resize the entire chart. This parameter is only
available for the Pie Chart.
To scale the other chart types, use the Scale X and Scale Y
parameters in the Position tab.
Opacity
Color menu
Adjusts the opacity of the chart.
•
At a value of 0, the chart is transparent.
•
At a value of 100, the chart is opaque.
•
Intermediate values produce varying degrees of transparency.
Lets you assign colors to your chart. The color menu options
include:
User. Uses the eyedropper to pick a color from the color ramp or
the screen or click the color swatch to open the system color
picker. You can assign up to 16 colors. If your chart does not
include 16 elements, some colors do not appear in your chart. If
your chart includes more than 16 elements, the colors repeat.
Random. Random Color Seed sets the value that is input to the
random generator used to generate the color of the bars. Adjust
this value when you like the overall effect but want to adjust the
random configuration of the colors.
Set Range Start option
Limits the range of the chart by setting a starting value in the
accompanying numerical field.
Use Logarithmic Scale
option
Formats the grid using a logarithmic scale with the Enable Grid
option selected. Use if your chart includes a wide range of values.
Negative values are not included in your chart when you select this
option. Grid values start at 1.
If you select this option, the Set Range Start option has no affect.
The Pie Chart does not include this option.
Use Logarithmic
Scale Off
Enable Grid option
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Use Logarithmic
Scale On
Displays a colored grid and the headers from your chart. The Pie
Chart does not include this option.
Working with 3D Chart Containers
Parameter
Description
Chart Font menu
Select the font to use in the Grid.
Grid Font Size
Selects the font size for the Grid.
Grid Font Opacity
Sets the transparency of the grid.
Enable Gridlines
option
Include lines in your grid. Use the color swatch or the eyedropper
to set the color of the gridlines.
Deselect this option to display headers only.
Grid Opacity
Sets the transparency of the grid.
Grid Thickness
Sets the width of the gridlines in pixels with Enable Gridlines
option selected.
Grid Fill option
Includes a colored backdrop behind the grid. Use the color swatch
or eyedropper to set the color of the backdrop.
Deselect this option to create the grid over an alpha channel.
Tracks lower in the timeline are visible in the background.
Grid Fill Opacity
Sets the transparency of the grid backdrop with Grid Fill option
selected.
Point menu
Allows you to set the value point of each line for the Line Graph.
•
None
•
Square
•
Round
Square Point
Line Width
Round Point
Allows you to set the width of each line in pixels for the Line
Graph. This parameter is available when you select Line Graph.
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Parameter
Description
Use menu
Lets you format the values that are displayed in the Pie Chart. This
option is not available for other chart types. The options include:
Numeric Value. Displays the numeric value of each pie chart
section.
Percentage. Displays the percentage value of each pie chart
section.
Value and Percentage. Displays the numerical value and the
percentage.
Values Tab
The Value tab lets you add numeric values to your chart. The values use the font that you set
in the Chart Font menu.
Parameter
Description
Enable Values option
Displays numerical values at the top of each bar, outside
each pie chart section, at each line graph point, or above
each area chart point.
If you do not select this option, the other parameters in
this tab are inactive.
Use the color swatch or eyedropper to set the color of the
numeric values.
Apply Current Text Style
option
Applies the current text style to the values.
Open the Style Palette and double-click a style. Since the
Legend and Values tabs include this option, when you
apply a style from the Style Palette, it is applied to the
current tab.
For more information, see Working with the Style
Palette.
Current
Style
Font Size
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Sets the size of the values font.
Working with 3D Chart Containers
Parameter
Description
Value Scale
Sets the scale of the values, as a percentage. You can use
this parameter to resize all the values.
Value Opacity
Adjusts opacity scaled as a percentage.
•
At 0, the values are completely transparent.
•
At 100, the values are completely opaque.
•
Intermediate values produce varying degrees of
transparency.
Value Position X and Value
Position Y
Adjust the horizontal and vertical location of the values.
Value Position Z adjusts the apparent depth of the values.
The Value Type menu
Lets you assign the type of values that your chart uses.
Numbers: Displays numeric values
Currency: Displays monetary values.
Percentage. Displays numeric values as percentages.
Scientific. Displays scientific notation as floating point
values.
Format
Lets you format the numbers
Negative Values
Select between using a minus sign or bracket
Precision
Sets the precision for values that contain decimal points.
Currency Symbol
Select the currency symbol.
n
Only available for the Currency option.
Legend Tab
The Legend tab lets you add a legend to your chart.
Parameter
Description
Location menu
Lets you set the position of the legend. The choices
include: Right, Top, Left, Bottom, Upper Right, Lower
Right, Upper Left and Lower Left.
Apply Current Text Style
option
Select to apply a text style from the Style Palette to the
values.
Font Size
Sets the font size.
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Parameter
Description
Legend Scale
Sets the scale of the legend, as a percentage. You can use
this parameter to resize the legend.
Legend Opacity
Adjusts the opacity of the legend, scaled as a percentage.
•
At a value of 0, the legend is completely transparent.
•
At a value of 100, the legend is completely opaque.
Position X, Position Y,
Position Z
Adjust the horizontal, vertical, and depth of the legend.
Key Shape menu
Determines the shape of the legend’s key. The options
include:
Square. Creates a square of the corresponding color.
Round. Creates a circle of the corresponding color.
Enable Legend Backdrop
option
Includes a colored backdrop behind the legend.
Corner Type menu
Determines the shape of the corners of the legend box.
The options include:
Straight. Creates straight corners.
Convex. Creates corners that curve outward.
Concave. Creates corners that curve inward.
Corner Size
Sets the size of the legend’s corners.
As you increase the setting, the effect becomes more
apparent.
Fill Opacity
Enable Legend Border
option
Border Width
Adjusts the opacity of the background of the legend.
•
At a value of 0, the background is transparent.
•
At a value of 10, the background is opaque.
n
You must select Enable Legend Backdrop.
Applies a border to the legend.
Sets the size of the border in pixels.
3D Style Tab
The 3D Style tab lets you format your chart in 2D or 3D.
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Working with 3D Chart Containers
Parameter
Description
3D Style
Select your choice of the 3D Style
Flat
Uses the 3D Plane shape so it is two dimensional
Apply Current Spline Style
option
Lets you apply a Spline style from the Style Palette.
Enable Border
Select to apply a border to each bar, outside each pie
chart section, or around each area chart section.
See Working with the Style Palette
Use the color swatch or eyedropper to set the color of the
border.
Borders do not apply to the Line Graph chart.
Border Width
Sets the width, in pixels, of the border applied to the pie
chart sections, chart points, or area chart. At a value of 0,
the border is not visible.
Apply Current Natural Style
option
Lets you apply a Natural style from the Style Palette to
the front face of the chart.
Extruded
Uses the 3D Extrusion shape so it is three dimensional.
Shape Depth
Sets the thickness of the extruded sides.
Bevel Amount
Sets the width of the bevels.
Apply Current Material Style
option
Select to apply a Material style from the Style Palette to
the front face of the chart. Open the Style Palette and
double-click a style in the Material tab.
See Working with the Style Palette on page 452.
Enable Back Bevels
option
Select to create bevels on the back face of the chart.
If this option is deselected, bevels are created only on the
front face. Leave this option deselected to speed
rendering time. If you cannot see the back of your chart,
you should leave this option deselected.
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Animation Tab (3D Chart Container)
The Animation tab parameters lets you to animate your chart. You can animate charts on
screen to reveal the elements, offscreen to remove the elements, or both. The parameters in
this tab do not include interpolation fields. Instead, the animation is applied progressively
using the setting in the Interpolation menu.
Parameter
Description
Animation Time
Controls how long each bar or pie chart section animates
during the effect, expressed as a percentage. This
parameter effects animations created with the Reveal
Shape, Fade, Scale, Position, Tumble, Spin, and/or Rotate
parameters.
When you set Animation Time in both tabs, the total
value should not exceed 100. If the total exceeds 100, the
setting in the Reveal tab takes precedence.
Overlap Time
Sets the number of frames that each element is on screen
before the next element animates on or off. This value is
set as a percentage.
At a value of 100, each bar or pie chart section finishes
animating before the next element begins animating on or
offscreen.
At higher values, multiple elements animate at the same
time.
Interpolation menu
Lets you set the interpolation for the animation as
follows:
Accelerate. Allows you to gradually accelerate the effect.
Decelerate. Allows you to gradually decelerate the effect.
Linear. Uses a constant speed, similar to the Linear
interpolation type.
Apply To menu
Controls how the animation is applied. Select from the
following options:
Cells. Applies the animation to each cell. So the
animation applies to each individual bar or pie chart
section.
Rows. Applies the animation to each row in the chart.
Columns. Applies the animation to each column in the
chart.
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Working with 3D Chart Containers
Parameter
Description
Spacing menu
Allows you to animate the spacing between elements.
The animation works in conjunction with the Spacing
parameter in the Chart tab.
Select from the following options:
Constant. Does not animate the spacing.
0 to Value. Starts with the elements adjacent and
animates to the Spacing value. If the Spacing value is 0,
this choice has no affect. This option is only available
when you are animating on screen.
Infinity to Value. Starts with the elements wide apart and
animates them to the Spacing value. This option is only
available when you are animating on screen.
Value to 0. Starts with the elements at the Spacing value
and animates them until they are adjacent. If the Spacing
value is 0, this choice has no effect. This option is only
available when you are animating offscreen.
Value to Infinity. Starts with the elements at the Spacing
value and animates them apart. This option is only
available when you are animating offscreen.
See Formatting Charts on page 273.
Reveal Shape option
Select to animate each element on screen.
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Parameter
Description
Continuously Rasterize
option
Select to force the vector form of the chart to recalculate
based on parameter changes. Do not select this option if
using static charts.
Select the option to improve image quality in the
following situations:
•
If you set the Scale parameters to scale the chart
larger than 100% size.
•
If you use large negative Position Z values.
•
If you set the Tumble or Spin parameters so that parts
of the chart appear very close to the viewer.
•
If you rotate with a bevel or emboss style and you
want the highlight to recalculate accordingly.
Set up the effect with the option disabled to improve
preview performance. Then select the option as a final
step to improve the render.
Fade
Scale X
Scale Y
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Allows you to gradually fade in successive bars, sections
or lines.
•
Set to 100, each object appears suddenly and is fully
opaque.
•
Decrease this value to create a more gradual effect, in
which each object fades on as its opacity increases.
Adjust the starting size of the objects.
•
The default value is 100, in which the object appears
on the screen full size.
•
Decrease the value, the object appears to grow on the
screen.
Position X, Position Y,
Position Z
Adjust the position of the objects on the X, Y, and Z axes.
Tumble, Spin, Rotate
Set the starting Tumble, Spin, and Rotate values for the
objects. Each object animates from its starting Tumble,
Spin, and Rotate values to its ending values as it appears
on screen.
Chapter 7
Working with Shapes
Working with the different shapes available, you can map a source image onto a 3D
modeled object. All of the shapes allow you to map independent sources onto
different surfaces within the shape, to crop source images before they are applied to
the shape, move and rotate the object in 3D space, and apply lighting and shadow
effects to the object. You can also map any of the media types to the face of a shape.
•
Adding Media to Shapes on page 306
•
Working with 3D Shapes on page 318
•
Working with 3D Line Art on page 334
•
Applying Additional Shapes on page 336
Chapter 7 Working with Shapes
Adding Media to Shapes
You can apply media to shape surfaces to create all kinds of different looks.
Mapping Media to the Faces of a Shape
Each shape has one or more Face tracks in the timeline that allow you to map color, video,
movies, gradient, Natural media, text, or still image files to any of the faces of the shape.
Cube
n
Cylinder
Page Turn
Mapping images to the 3D Extrusion shape is a bit different. For more information, see
“Mapping Media to a 3D Extrusion” on page 323.
To map media to the faces of a shape:
1. Expand the shape track in the timeline.
If you do not see separate tracks for each face, click the shape track’s Multi/Single Input
icon to switch to Multi Input mode. Use Multi Input mode with all shapes except 3D
Plane and 3D Line Art because they only use one face.
Multi/Single Input icon
Media icon
2. Click the Media icon for the face whose media you want to change and choose a media
type. For example, if you want to map a still image to the front of a cube, click the
Media icon in the Front Face track and then choose Still Image File from the menu.
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Adding Media to Shapes
3. Navigate to the file you want to use and click OK.
The image is updated in the Composite window.
n
To quickly use the same media on every face, switch the Multi/Single Input icon to Single
Input mode. The default Multi Input mode uses your assigned texture on the front, and the
default color on the other faces. Using Single Input mode results in slightly faster rendering.
Mapping Media to 3D Primitives
Add 3D Model Container button
You can include tracks that use the 3D Sphere, 3D Plane, Cylinder, Cube, and Page Turn
shapes in a 3D Container that uses the 3D Model Renderer. When you include these shape
tracks in a 3D Model Renderer Container, the track is called a 3D Primitive. This means that
you can apply Materials, Textures, Reflection Maps, and Bump Map parameters to twodimensional shapes. For example, you can apply a Bump Map to a Text track that uses the
3D Plane shape.
To create a 3D primitive:
•
Select a track(s) and click the Add 3D Model Container button in the timeline.
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When you use a 3D Primitive shape, the Texture track is selected by default. To use a
material instead, deselect the Texture track option in the Texture tab. 3D Primitives only
include a single material which is set in the Materials tab. You cannot map different
materials to each Face.
Using Common Shape Parameters
With a few exceptions, the following parameters are shared by all shapes.
The common tabs include the following:
•
Controlling the Location of the Shape on page 308
•
Setting an External Pivot Point on page 309
•
Adjusting the Camera Perspective on page 309
•
Blurring an Image on page 310
•
Applying Motion Blur to Masks on page 312
•
Compositing using Apply Modes on page 312
Controlling the Location of the Shape
The Position tab contains parameters that control the location of the shape in 3D space, the
opacity of the image, and the size of the shape. Additional parameters allow you to change
the image’s perspective along the X, Y, and Z-axes.
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Adding Media to Shapes
Setting an External Pivot Point
The parameters in the Pivot tab set an external pivot point around which the object tumbles,
spins, or rotates.
n
The Pivot tab is not available for the Sphere, Cylinder, or Page Turn shapes.
For detailed information on the Pivot tab parameters, see “Pivot Tab” on page 383.
Adjusting the Camera Perspective
The parameters in the Camera tab provide control over the camera’s perspective of the
object.
The Camera tab is not available in the Cylinder, Page Turn and Sphere shapes. The 3D
Extrusion shape has its own specialized Camera controls that are described in “Controlling
Camera Perspective for 3D Extrusion Shapes” on page 331.
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For detailed information on the Camera tab parameters, see “Camera Tab” on page 356.
Blurring an Image
In real life, an object that moves quickly appears blurred. Imagine a camera taking a picture
of the moving object. The object in the picture appears blurred because it moved during the
short time that the camera’s shutter was open. If the shutter was open for a shorter time, the
object would appear sharper.
Adding motion blur on an image when you animate its movement, lets simulate the effect of
shooting a moving object on film. The blur is most pronounced when the object moves
quickly as it rotates or spins and more subtle when it moves slowly. Motion blur is invisible
when the image is static.
n
Except for minor differences, the Motion Blur tab is common to all shapes.
Animation with motion blur
Time 00:00:01:00
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Time 00:00:02:00
Adding Media to Shapes
You can apply motion blur to filters and Natural media by pre-composing the filter or
Natural media track and applying motion blur to the pre-composition. For more information
on pre-composing, see “Working with Pre-Compositions” on page 181.
n
Tip: Motion blur is a processor-intensive feature. Turn motion blur off while you work, and
then enable it just before rendering. The global Motion Blur button on the timeline lets you
switch turn the motion blur on or off for all tracks.
To apply motion blur:
Do one of the following:
1. From the Motion Blur tab (Controls window), select the Enable Motion Blur option to
apply motion blur to the track.
2. Click the Motion Blur button on a track to turn motion blur on or off.
n
The controls in the Motion Blur tab do not affect motion within the media; a blur is created
based on the motion of the Shape track or container.
3. Use the Shutter Angle controls to adjust the shutter (like the shutter on a conventional
film camera). Increase the angle to create a wider blur and decrease the angle to get a
thinner blur.
Shutter Angle=180
Shutter Angle=300
4. From the Smoothness menu, select one of the following to determine how many
samples are taken between the shutter opens and closes:
• Low: Uses the fewest samples.
Low
High
• Medium: Limits smoothness while working in Draft mode.
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• High: Takes eight snapshots.
• Highest: Uses the most samples.
5. From the Apply Motion Blur To menu, select an option to apply the motion blur:
• Motion Only
• Shape Only
• Shape, Faces, and Upstream Filters
6. Select the Use Adaptive Motion Blur if Processing Motion Only option to reduce the
number of snapshots used and reduce rendering time.
For detailed information on the Motion Blur tab parameters, see “Motion Blur Tab (for 3D
Primitives)” on page 380.
Applying Motion Blur to Masks
It is not possible to add motion blur directly to masks with any of the Apply Motion Blur To
menu settings.
To apply motion blur to a mask:
1. Precompose the mask image.
2. Add motion blur to the pre-composition using one of the parameters that applies to
embedded faces.
If the motion of the mask comes from an embedded shape, you can also apply motion
blur to that shape.
Compositing using Apply Modes
The Composite tab is common to all shapes and provides parameters that set an apply mode,
adjust various mix controls, and composite the shape over other objects.
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For detailed information on the Composite tab parameters, see “Composite Tab (for 3D
Primitives)” on page 359.
Examples of Mix Back and Other Apply Modes
The following examples show various applications of Mix Back with Apply Modes.
Mix Back is set to 100. The
Normal apply mode is used to
composite the sphere over the
background.
Mix Back is set to 0 and only
Scale Screen apply mode is
used.
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Mix Back is set to 50 to create an
equal blend of the Normal and
Scale Screen apply modes.
Mix Back is set to -50.
In OpenGL mode, you cannot see non-accelerated objects when you use the on-screen
interactors. For more information, see “The OpenGL Interactors” on page 52.
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Working with Lights and Shadows
Light sources are points in three-dimensional space that emit light, causing objects (with
materials that can be affected by light) to appear illuminated. You can specify the location of
light sources relative to objects in the scene. You can also control the intensity, type, color,
and falloff of the applied light, and the position of the light source in 3D space.
Several shapes have their own specialized lighting controls:
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•
3D Plane and 3D Sphere—see “Adding Lighting to 3D Plane Shapes” on page 319.
•
3D Extrusion: see “Lighting in 3D Space” on page 325.
3D Line Art does not provide lighting controls.
Lighting Tips
You can use the lighting controls together to accentuate the three-dimensional appearance of
an object and simulate the texture of the lit surface. The following examples show some of
the different ways to use Ambient, Diffuse, and Specular light to create dramatic lighting
effects.
Example 1: Glossy Surface
To create the appearance of a glossy surface, increase both the Specular light and Falloff to
create a small, intensely lit spot.
Specular is set to 100 and
Falloff is set to 25.
Example 2: Matte Surface
To create a surface that affects more matte, use only Diffuse light, and decrease Ambient
light to accentuate the three-dimensional appearance of the object.
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Working with Lights and Shadows
Diffuse is set to 350 and
Ambient is set to 50.
Example 3: Light Source Close to Surface
For a dramatic effect which simulates a light source very close to the surface, use both
Specular and Diffuse light to create an intensely lit central spot and a large falloff area. Then
reduce Ambient light to leave the unlit area in complete darkness.
Diffuse is set to 300,
Ambient is set to 0, and
Specular is set to 75.
Adding Shadows
The controls in the Shadow tab let you create a shadow behind the object as it moves in 3D
space.
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The Shadow tab is not available in the 3D Sphere shape. The 3D Extrusion shape includes
both a Shadow and a 3D Shadow tab. For more information, see “Adding Shadow in 3D
Space” on page 326.
To add shadows:
1. Do one of the following:
• In the Shadow tab, select the Shadow On option.
• Click the Drop Shadow button at the bottom of the Controls window.
2. Use the Distance controls to set the distance between the shadow and the image.
3. Use the Opacity controls to set the transparency of the shadow.
4. Use the Softness controls to set the softness of the edges of the shadow.
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5. Select a color for the shadow by clicking the Color color chip to access the system color
picker or use the eyedropper to choose a color from the screen.
6. Use the Angle controls to set the direction of the drop shadow.
For detailed information on the Shadow tab parameters, see “Shadow Tab (for 3D
Primitives)” on page 386.
Cropping the Shape
The Crop tab contains parameters that crop the original image applied to the shape.
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The Crop tab is not available in the 3D Extrusion or 3D Line Art shapes.
These controls are locked by default, so when you adjust one, all four settings update.
To crop the image applied to a shape:
1. (Optional) In the Crop tab (Controls window), click the Lock icon to adjust the controls
individually.
2. Use the Distance controls to set the width of the cropped area on each edge of the image.
3. (Optional) Click the Lock icon for the Softness controls.
4. Use the Softness controls to blur the edges of the image by reducing their opacity.
Softness Top= 0
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Softness Top= 100
Working with Lights and Shadows
5. Select the Square Style option if you want the corner of the cropped image to be square.
Otherwise, the corners are rounded.
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In OpenGL mode, you cannot see non-accelerated objects when you use the on-screen
interactors. For details, see “The OpenGL Interactors” on page 52.
For detailed information on the Crop tab parameters, see “Crop Parameters (for 3D
Primitives)” on page 361.
Masking the Shape
The Mask tab functions similarly to the Crop tab except that it masks the Shape track after
shape transformations are applied. Cropping takes place before transformations are applied.
The size and location of the mask remain the same regardless of the position of the object.
The mask does not tumble, spin, or rotate along with the shape.
Cropped
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Cropped & masked
In OpenGL mode, you cannot see non-accelerated objects when you use the on-screen
interactors. For details, see “The OpenGL Interactors” on page 52.
The Mask tab controls create a downstream mask, which is applied to the Shape track and is
processed after the shape transformations.
You can also use the Mask tracks in the timeline to create upstream or downstream masks of
different shapes. You can also animate the mask shape which is useful for rotoscoping. For
more information on masks, see “Applying a Mask to a Track” on page 180.
The Spline Primitive media type allows you to create spline objects in basic shapes,
including rectangles, circles, stars, arrows, hearts, and medallions. You can drag these
shapes into Mask tracks to create masks or transitions. For more information, see “Working
with the Spline Primitive Media Type” on page 546.
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When you work with filters, you can use the PixelChooser to quickly create masks based on
a region or a channel. For more information on PixelChooser, see “Using the
PixelChooser” on page 189.
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Chapter 7 Working with Shapes
Working with 3D Shapes
Avid FX provides various 3D shapes to create effects, including:
•
3D Plane
•
3D Sphere
•
3D Extrusion
Using 3D Plane Shapes
The 3D Plane shape models the source image on a two-dimensional plane; however, the
plane itself exists in three dimensions. That means it can rotate around the X, Y, and Z axes
and be positioned in 3D space.
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You use the 3D Plane shape with the Text media type to create two-dimensional titles that
animate in 3D space. For more information on titles, see “Working with the Text Tool” on
page 417.
Some of the 3D Plane shape control tabs change or become unavailable when you use the
shape in a 3D Container. For more information, see “Working with 3D Containers” on
page 240.
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Some of the 3D Plane tabs are identical to the corresponding tabs in other shapes. For more
information, see “Using Common Shape Parameters” on page 308.
Creating 3D Primitives
You can include 3D Plane tracks in a 3D Container that uses the 3D Model Renderer. 3D
Plane tracks nested in a 3D Model Renderer Container are called 3D Primitives. This type of
container lets you apply Materials, Textures, Reflection Maps, and Bump Map parameters to
the 3D Plane. For more information on 3D Model Renderer Containers, see “Creating a 3D
Model Container” on page 243.
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Working with 3D Shapes
Add 3D Model Container button
To create 3D primitives:
•
Select a track(s) and click the Add 3D Model Container button in the timeline.
The selected track(s) are nested in a 3D Container to use the 3D Model Renderer.
Adding Lighting to 3D Plane Shapes
With 3D Plane Shapes, you can work with up to three different lights to illuminate the
image.
To light 3D Plane shape:
1. Select the Lights tab (Controls window).
2. Use the Ambient controls to adjust the diffuse non-directional light applied to the image
before additional light sources are added.
3. From the Coordinates menu, choose one of the following:
• Cartesian to position the light source by specifying X and Y coordinates and the
distance between the light source and the image.
• Spherical to move the light around the shape along an arc.
The parameters update in the tab.
4. Depending on what you selected, use the controls to set the lighting.
5. From the Type menu, select the kind of lighting effect that is produced by the light
source.
6. Depending on what you selected, use the controls to set the parameters of the lighting
effect.
For detailed information on the Lights tab parameters, see “Lights Tab (for 3D Plane
Shape)” on page 367.
Creating Borders
You can create borders around a 3D shape.
To create borders around a 3D plane shape:
1. Use the width controls to set the width of the border.
2. Use the Opacity controls to set the transparency of the border.
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3. Use the Softness controls to determine the edge of the border.
4. From the Soften menu, select one of the following:
• Border and Source to soften the inner and outer edges of the border.
• Border to soften only the outer edges of the border.
• Source to soften only the inner edges of the border.
Border and
Source
Border
Source
5. Select the Square Style option if you want the corners to be square. Otherwise, the
corners are rounded.
6. For the color of the border, do one of the following:
• Click the color chip to access the system color picker.
• Use the eyedropper to choose a color from the screen.
For detailed information on the Border tab parameters, see “Border Tab (for 3D Plane
Shapes)” on page 349.
Describing the 3D Sphere Shape
The 3D Sphere shape type is different from the Sphere shape in it allows sphere-shaped
objects to work in 3D Containers using Z Space Composite or 3D Model Renderer.
With the 3D Sphere shape, you can adjust the position, scale, size, and pivot point of the
shape. You can crop and mask the sphere, adjust the camera perspective, apply motion blur
and lights, and control the compositing of the sphere with other objects.
Also, you can use the 3D Sphere shape as a 3D Primitive. 3D Sphere correctly displays nonsquare pixels, as well as uses the same lighting controls as the 3D Plane shape. For more
information, see “Adding Lighting to 3D Plane Shapes” on page 319.
n
Some of the 3D Sphere tabs are identical to the corresponding tabs in other shapes. These
tabs are described in “Using Common Shape Parameters” on page 308.
For information on using the Sphere Tab, see “Applying the Sphere Parameters” on
page 338.
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Working with 3D Shapes
Using the 3D Sphere Shape as a 3D Primitive
3D Sphere tracks nested in a 3D Model Renderer Container are called 3D Primitives. This
allows you to apply shadows, materials, textures, reflection maps, and bump map parameters
to the 3D Sphere. You can include 3D Sphere tracks in a 3D Container that uses the 3D
Model Renderer.
Also, you can also scale 3D Sphere tracks using separate Scale X, Scale Y, and Scale Z
parameters to create more arbitrary shapes.
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If the 3D Sphere Shape track is not in a 3D Model Container, the Position tab only includes
Scale X.
In addition, a Smoothness parameter appears in the 3D Sphere tab. Smoothness adjusts the
number of polygons used to create the faces of the shape. Increasing this value increases the
number of polygons that smooths jagged edges and decreases banding, and also increases
render time.
Add 3D Model Container button
To create 3D Primitives:
1. Select the track(s) in the timeline.
2. Click the Add 3D Model Container button in the timeline to nest the selected tracks in
a 3D Container that uses the 3D Model Renderer.
3. Click the Media icon and choose 3D Sphere.
For more information on 3D Model Renderer Containers, see “Creating a 3D Model
Container” on page 243.
Describing 3D Extrusion Shapes
The 3D Extrusion shape lets you create three-dimensional objects using text, EPS files,
Spline Objects, or Spline Primitives as media with adjustable bevels and extrusions (depths).
Texture tracks in the timeline let you map media to the different faces.
n
Some of the 3D Extrusion tabs are identical to the corresponding tabs in other shapes. For
more information on these tabs, see “Using Common Shape Parameters” on page 308.
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Front Face
Extrusion
You can manipulate 3D Extrusions on several levels:
•
When you extrude text, the controls in the Text window affect text on a per character
basis, allowing you to assign fonts, sizes, and styles to individual characters. These
controls are only available in the Text window and are not animated.
•
Once you set the characteristics of individual characters, you can animate the text. This
lets you move and rotate the text in 3D space and apply motion blur, lights, and drop
shadows. You can also create text effects on a motion path, type on, jitter, and
randomization. These features are animated by setting keyframes in the timeline.
To create 3D text, use Text media with a 3D Extrusion shape track. However, sometimes
it is faster to create the effect using the 3D Plane shape and convert the shape to 3D
Extrusion when you finish animating.
•
3D Extrusion has shape control tabs similar to the other shapes. Use these controls to
position, rotate, and scale the object in 3D space, adjust the camera perspective, apply
lights, and adjust bevels and extrusions. Shape controls affect the entire track and are
animated by setting keyframes in the timeline.
To use the shape controls to adjust or animate individual text characters, put each
character on a separate track. Select the track and choose Track > Convert to Container
or manually create the necessary tracks.
•
Avid FX assigns the default Plastic material to all four faces of a 3D Extrusion track.
You can use the Materials tab to assign different materials to the front, back, extrusions,
and bevels, and to customize the materials. These controls affect the entire effect and are
animatable. For more information, see “Applying Materials in 3D Space” on page 327.
•
When you choose 3D Extrusion as a shape type, Avid FX maintains the Front Face color
that you set.
You can create a Text track using the 3D Plane shape and set the Fill to a color, and then,
change the Shape type to 3D Extrusion. The four faces are assigned the default Plastic
material.
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Working with 3D Shapes
n
Tip: However, the color is assigned to the Front Face using Constant interpolation. The
other three faces use the default gray Plastic material. To use the color that you chose on all
faces, set the Face Count menu to 1.
•
Texture tracks in the timeline allow you to map media to the front, back, extrusions, and
bevels. When you select texture tracks in the Textures tab, the texture tracks overwrite
the material specified in the Materials tab. You can also apply a bump map to 3D
Extrusions to create three-dimensional detail based on the luminance information in an
image.
For more information, see “Adding Textures to 3D Primitives” on page 331 and “Adding 3D
Detail” on page 329.
Mapping Media to a 3D Extrusion
You can map media to 3D extruded text.
To map media:
1. Select the 3D Extrusion track.
2. In the Textures tab, set the appropriate Face.
3. In the Textures tab, select the options for the appropriate faces. If you do not select a
option, the material specified in the Materials tab is used for that track.
4. Expand the Shape track in the timeline.
5. Click the Media icon for the Texture track whose media you want to change and choose
the media type from the menu. For example, to map a still image to the front of the 3D
Extrusion, click the Media icon in the Front Texture track, then choose Still Image File
from the menu.
Media icons
For more information, see “Applying Materials in 3D Space” on page 327 and “Adding
Textures to 3D Primitives” on page 331.
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Optimizing Extruded Effects
The 3D Extrusion shape is an especially memory-intensive feature. Try using the following
techniques to speed up your workflow and optimize the effect:
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•
Use a lower Resolution and/or Draft Quality mode when creating the effect.
•
Work in hardware OpenGL mode—see “The OpenGL Interactors” on page 52.
•
Set up a 3D Extrusion shape to create 3D text using Text media applied to a 3D Plane
shape. When you complete the effect, click the Shape icon to change the track from a
3D Plane to a 3D Extrusion shape. Animate additional parameters using the 3D
Extrusion tabs in the Controls window. Also, turn off any shadow or border parameters
in the Text window. If you do not, these parameters are extruded which can distort the
text.
•
To use a 3D Extrusion shape to animate a spline object, spline primitive, or EPS file, set
up the effect using the 3D Plane shape. When you finish your animation, click the Shape
menu to change the track from a 3D Plane to a 3D Extrusion shape. Animate additional
parameters using the 3D Extrusion tabs in the Controls window.
•
When you extrude a track, the four faces are assigned the default Plastic material. The
color you select is assigned to the Front Face using Constant interpolation. The other
three faces (Extrusion, Bevel and Back) use the default gray color for the Plastic
material. To use the color that you selected on all faces, simply set the Face Count menu
to 1. If you applied a texture to the face of the text or spline, such as a video clip, that
texture is placed on the front face of the newly extruded object. You can then apply that
texture to the other surfaces.
•
Work in Wireframe mode by clicking the Wireframe button at the bottom of the
Controls window. Provides a quick preview of where the extrusions fall in relation to
each other. For example, when animating the camera and the object's position, you do
not need to see color, textures or filters—see “The Controls Window” on page 63 for
more information on Wireframe mode.
•
Select fonts wisely, keeping in mind that curves take longer to calculate than straight
lines. If you need a cursive or Asian font, you may want to build the effect with a faster
font like Arial or Helvetica, and then change the font for the final output.
•
Use the Force Update with Option Key preference to speed your ability to navigate in
the timeline. Avid FX will only calculate the frames under the position indicator when it
stops moving. If you want to see how the effect progresses as you drag the position
indicator, press the Option key.
•
Open the 3D Extrusion track in a Preview window to speed previews.
•
Turn off track visibility for tracks you do not need to see, including filters, to speed
previews.
Working with 3D Shapes
•
Turn on Back Face Culling and turn off Back Bevels to speed your renders—see
“Adding Bevels and Extrusions” on page 332.
Lighting in 3D Space
You can apply up to three separate lights to the effect. These lights are modeled as nondirectional point sources that you can position in 3D space. You can also adjust and animate
the lights’ color and intensity, and control the amount of ambient light on the entire object.
For detailed information on the Lights tab parameters, see “Lights Tab (in 3D Space)” on
page 373.
Tips for Using Lighting Controls
You can move the lights in 3D space to accent the front or back faces, bevels or extrusions,
and use multiple lights to create more complex, multi-colored lighting effects.
To highlight the face of an object:
•
In the Lights tab, use a positive Distance value to place the light in front of the object.
The object is spun slightly, so
the source is positioned to the
left to accentuate the face.
To backlight the object:
•
In the Lights tab, use a negative Distance value to place the light behind the object.
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To highlight the extrusions of the object:
•
In the Lights tab, use a Distance value close to the Position Z value of the object (set in
the Position tab).
The object’s Position Z value
and the light’s Distance value
are set to 0.
Adding Shadow in 3D Space
Unlike the shadows created by the Shadow tab, the 3D Shadow tab creates true cast shadows
that are created by using the three light sources in the Lights tab. Use the 3D Shadow tab to
turn the shadow for each light source on and off, and to adjust the softness of the shadow.
For more information on the Lights tab, see “Lighting in 3D Space” on page 325. For more
information on the Shadow tab, see “Adding Shadows” on page 315.
Shadow
tabs
For detailed information on the 3D Shadow tab parameters, see “3D Shadow Tab” on page
348.
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Working with 3D Shapes
Applying Materials in 3D Space
The Materials tab simulates different types of surfaces on each face of the object. You can
use one of seven preset styles to customize or create a different material. When you choose
3D Extrusion as a shape type, Avid FX assigns the default plastic material to all four sides.
These controls affect the entire effect (rather than individual characters) and are animated by
setting keyframes in the timeline.
You can also use Texture tracks in the timeline to map media to one or more faces of the
shape. If you use a Texture track, the textures overwrite the Materials settings. With the
exception of Color, the Material settings such as Shininess and Opacity, affect the Texture
tracks. For more information, see “Adding Textures to 3D Primitives” on page 331.
You can also use the Bump Map tab to create three dimensional detail on an image based on
luminance information. For more information, see “Adding 3D Detail” on page 329.
For detailed information on the Material tab parameters, see “Materials Tab” on page 376.
The following examples show the differing results of the Face Count menu. The Materials
have been applied to an extruded Spline Primitive that is spun, so that you can see three of
the Faces.
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Face Count = 1
A gold material is mapped to all four
faces.
Face Count = 2
A gold material is mapped to the Front and
Back, and Aluminum material mapped to the
Extrusion and Bevel.
Face Count = 3
A gold material is mapped to the Front and Back,
Aluminum material mapped to the Extrusion, and
Copper material mapped to the Bevel.
n
You may want to consult the Avid FX User’s Guide PDF located on the Online Library DVD
to view these examples in color.
For detailed information on the Material tab parameters, see “Material Parameters (Materials
Tab)” on page 379.
Using the Materials Tab with 3D Primitives
You can apply materials to 3D Primitives. When you include 3D Sphere, 3D Plane, Cylinder,
Cube, and Page Turn shapes in a 3D Container that uses the 3D Model Renderer, the track is
called a 3D Primitive. This means that you can apply Materials, Textures, Reflection Maps,
and Bump Map parameters to two dimensional shapes.
When you use a 3D Primitive shape, you select the Texture track by default. To use a
material, deselect the Texture track option in the Texture tab. 3D Primitives only include a
single material set in the Materials tab.
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You cannot map different materials to each Face of a 3D Primitive.
Working with 3D Shapes
Adding 3D Detail
You can use the Bump Map tab to create three-dimensional detail on an image based on
luminance information in an image. The luminance value of each pixel of the image creates
height, with brighter pixels creating more height. You can create the bump map from a
procedural texture or you can use a media file.
You also can apply bump maps to 3D Sphere, 3D Plane, Cylinder, Cube, and Page Turn
shapes tracks. To do this, you must place these tracks in a 3D Container that uses the 3D
Model Renderer (called a 3D Primitive). For example, you can apply a Bump Map to a Text
track that uses the 3D Plane shape. For more information, see “Creating a 3D Model
Container” on page 243.
To add media to all faces of a shape:
1. After you select the options to turn on the appropriate faces, click the Media icon for the
Bump Map track in the timeline.
2. Select the media to map to the face. For example, you want to map a movie file to all the
faces of your 3D text, set the Face Count to 1.
3. Expand the shape track in the timeline.
Only the Front Bump Map track is displayed.
4. Map the movie file to the Front Bump Map track for it to appear on all the faces.
n
If you work in OpenGL mode, you will not see non-accelerated objects when you use the onscreen interactors. To see all objects, press the Alt or Option key while you interact. For
more information on OpenGL, see “The OpenGL Interactors” on page 52.
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For detailed information on the Bump Map tab parameters, see “Bump Map Tab” on page
352.
For more information, see “Applying Materials in 3D Space” on page 327.
n
When you use an image that includes an alpha channel as a bump map, you should deselect
the Back Face Culling option. Otherwise, faces that are visible where the texture is
transparent may not render correctly. For more information, see “Adding Bevels and
Extrusions” on page 332.
Mapping Images to Faces
Using the Textures tab, you can map images to the faces of a 3D Extrusion shape. If you
choose 3D Extrusion as a shape type, Avid FX assigns the default plastic material to all four
sides. You can assign media files to the front, back, extrusions, and bevels.
When you select texture tracks in the Textures tab, the texture tracks overwrite the material
specified in the Materials tab. However, material settings other than Color affect the Texture
tracks. You can use texture tracks, bump maps and materials on different faces of a 3D
Extrusion. For more information, see “Applying Materials in 3D Space” on page 327 and
“Adding 3D Detail” on page 329.
For detailed information on the Textures tab parameters, see “Textures Tab” on page 391.
n
330
When you use an image that includes an alpha channel as a texture, deselect the Back Face
Culling option. Otherwise, faces that should be visible where the texture is transparent may
not render correctly. For more information, see “Adding Bevels and Extrusions” on
page 332.
Working with 3D Shapes
Adding Textures to 3D Primitives
You can apply a Texture track to 3D Primitives. When you include 3D Sphere, 3D Plane,
Cylinder, Cube, and Page Turn shapes in a 3D Container that uses the 3D Model Renderer,
the track is called a 3D Primitive. This means that you can apply Materials, Textures,
Reflection Maps, and Bump Map parameters to two-dimensional shapes.
When you use a 3D Primitive shape, the Texture track is selected by default. To use a
material, deselect the Texture track option in the Texture tab. 3D Primitives only include a
single Texture track. You cannot map different textures to each Face of a 3D Primitive.
Controlling Camera Perspective for 3D Extrusion Shapes
You can control the camera perspective of an object. There are five camera views to choose
from in the Camera tab for the 3D Extrusion shape type. This is useful for setting up
complex effects. Only the current view is rendered with the effect.
To position the camera:
1. From the Camera Model menu, select Position.
1. Use the Camera X, Y, and Z controls to set the position of the camera in 3D space.
2. Use the Distance controls to set the distance between the camera and the object.
3. Use the Tumble, Spin, and Rotate controls to set the focal point around the X, Y, and Z
axes.
To orbit the camera:
1. From the Camera Model menu, select Orbit.
2. Use the Distance controls to set the distance between the camera and the object.
3. Use the Tumble, Spin, and Rotate controls to rotate the object around the X, Y, and Z
axes.
Tumble=45
Tumble=135
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To pan the camera:
1. From the Camera Model menu, select Pan.
2. Use the Distance controls to set the camera’s position on the Z axis.
3. Use the Advance controls to set the position of the camera’s focal point on the X axis of
the object.
Advance=–100
Advance=100
To set the depth of field:
1. In the Depth of Field menu, select On to display the parameters.
2. From the Quality menu, select Low, Medium, or High.
3. Use the Focal Length controls to set the distance between the camera and the focal
length.
4. Use the Depth of Field controls to increase or decrease the focal range of the focal point.
5. From the Sample menu, set the number of samples. Higher values take longer to render.
For detailed information on the Camera tab parameters, see “Camera Tab (for 3D Extrusion
Shape)” on page 357.
Adding Bevels and Extrusions
When working with 3D Extrusion shapes, you can add bevels and extrusions, as well as
optimize the effect.
Example 1 shows a bullseye bump map mapped to the front and back faces of an extruded
spline primitive. The Alpha to Opacity option is selected in the Bump Map tab. When the
Back Face Culling option is selected, you cannot see the inside of the extrusion or the
bullseye on the back face. When the Back Face Culling option is deselected, you can see
these images.
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Working with 3D Shapes
Back Face Culling on
Back Face Culling off
Example 2 shows the Back Bevel turned on.
Back Bevels on
To add bevels and extrusions:
1. Select the Extrusion tab.
2. From the Extrusion menu, select a type of X and use the controls to set the thickness of
the extruded sides.
3. From the Bevel Type menu, select one of the following:
• Straight to create straight bevels.
• Convex to create bevels that curve outward.
• Concave to create bevels that curve inward.
Straight Bevel Type
Concave Bevel Type
4. From the Bevel Amount menu, select a type of X and use the Bevel Amount controls to
set the width of the bevels.
5. Use the Smoothness controls to adjust the number of polygons used to make up the
faces of the object.
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6. Select the Back Face Culling option to render only the parts of the object that are
currently visible.
7. Select the Back Bevels option to create bevels on the back face of text.
For detailed information on the Extrusion tab parameters, see “Extrusion Tab” on page 364.
Working with 3D Line Art
3D Line Art is similar to the 3D Plane shape in terms of its capabilities, but it is designed for
use with vector graphics rather than bitmap images. 3D Line Art is used with the Text,
Spline Object, Spline Primitive, and EPS File media types. Since it is vector based, the 3D
Line Art shape can be scaled infinitely with no degradation of quality to its media.
Like the other shapes, 3D Line Art can be positioned and rotated in 3D space, pivoted
around a point, composited on other objects, and undergo other transformations.
n
The 3D Line Art tabs are identical to the corresponding tabs in other shapes. These tabs are
described in “Using Common Shape Parameters” on page 308.
Understanding Vector Graphics and Bitmaps
A bitmap image is an image represented by a grid of pixels, each of which is assigned a
specific color. This produces a coherent image when viewed at the intended size, but if
scaled dramatically, the pixels become apparent and the image loses quality.
The following example shows the letter P represented as a bitmap. A video image is an
example of a bitmap, as is an image produced in an application, such as Adobe®
Photoshop®.
For long credit rolls, you’d want to use the 3D Plane shape. A bitmap image renders faster
than a vector graphic when you work with large bodies of text. Unless the text is scaled very
large, the quality appears fine.
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Working with 3D Line Art
A vector graphic is a resolution-independent image mathematically represented as a series of
lines and curves called vectors. The relationship between the vectors remains constant as the
object is scaled, so there is never a loss of quality.
The following example shows the letter P composed of vectors. An EPS file is an example of
a vector graphic.
Advantages of 3D Line Art
You should use 3D Line Art when you need to preserve the vectors in a file to scale the
object. For example, if you have a very small logo and need to make it larger, you should use
the 3D Line Art shape.
n
Tip: Effects created as 3D Line Art can be exported as Flash files. For more information, see
“Exporting Files as Flash” on page 581.
When you use Text, Spline, Spline Primitive, and EPS files with the 3D Plane shape, the
object is converted to a bitmap and the vector information is lost. If you do not need to scale
the object, but need the full range of 3D Plane controls to manipulate the object, then use the
3D Plane shape.
The following image shows the original EPS file imported into Avid FX and used as a mask.
If you select the 3D Plane shape, it converts the EPS file to a bitmap. When the mask is
scaled, the edges become pixelated and lose quality. Built-in antialiasing compensates for
this degradation somewhat by smoothing the jagged edges, but can cause the image to blur.
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If you select the 3D Line Art shape, it scales the mask and no quality is lost, because the
shape uses the vector information in the media file.
Applying Additional Shapes
Avid FX provides many additional shapes to which you can apply media. These include:
•
Cubes
•
Spheres
•
Cylinders
•
Page Turns
Using Cube Shapes
The Cube shape maps the source image onto one or more faces of a cube. You can use a
separate media source for each of the six faces.
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n
Some of the Cube tabs are identical to the corresponding tabs in other shapes. These tabs
are described in “Using Common Shape Parameters” on page 308.
Using the Cube Shape as a 3D Primitive
You can include Cube tracks in a 3D Container that uses the 3D Model Renderer. Cube
tracks that are nested in a 3D Model Renderer Container are called 3D Primitives.This
means that you can apply Materials, Textures, Reflection Maps, and Bump Maps to the
cube. For example, you can apply a Bump Map to a Cube track. For more information, see
“Applying Materials in 3D Space” on page 327 and “Adding Textures to 3D Primitives” on
page 331.
Add 3D Model Container button
To create a cube shape:
1. Select a track(s) and click the Add 3D Model Container button in the timeline.
The selected track(s) are nested in a 3D Container to use the 3D Model Renderer—see
“Creating a 3D Model Container” on page 243.
2. Click the Media icon and choose Cube.
The parameters in the Cube tab allow you to separate the faces of the cube from each
other. You can also control the opacity of the faces of the cube that are facing the front at
any given time, allowing you to view the rear faces simultaneously.
n
When you use a 3D Primitive shape, the Texture track is selected by default. To use a
material instead, deselect the Texture Track option in the Texture tab. 3D Primitives only
include a single material which is set in the Materials tab. You cannot map different
materials to each Face.
For detailed information on the Cube tab parameters, see “Cube Tab” on page 362.
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Using Sphere Shapes
The Sphere shape models the source image onto a sphere. In addition, Sphere lets you
animate Perspective, which is useful in creating transitions and includes a Shadow tab.
Unlike the 3D Sphere shape, the Sphere is not used as a 3D Primitive.
The 3D Sphere shape type allows sphere shapes to work in 3D Containers in Z Space
Composite or 3D Model mode, and provides some additional controls.
In addition, the 3D Sphere correctly displays non-square pixels. The 3D Sphere does not
include a Shadow tab, but you can add shadows by nesting the 3D Sphere in a 3D Container.
For more information on the 3D Sphere shape, see “Describing the 3D Sphere Shape” on
page 320.
n
Some of the Sphere tabs are identical to the corresponding tabs in other shapes. These tabs
are described in “Using Common Shape Parameters” on page 308.
Applying the Sphere Parameters
The Sphere tab contains parameters that control the perspective of the viewer in relation to
the sphere, the percentage of the sphere covered by the image, the opacity of the front of the
sphere, and how the source image is wrapped around the sphere.
For detailed information on the Sphere tab parameters, see “Sphere Tab” on page 388.
n
If you spin, tumble, or rotate a sphere and then unwrap it, the object moves back to its
original position in 3D space as it unwraps. To animate the sphere so that it spins through
one full revolution and unwraps as it spins, animate Spin Y from –360 to 0 (or 360 to 0 to go
the other direction). Otherwise, the image’s motion counteracts the Spin Y as it moves to the
original, unrotated position.
The following illustrations show the Wrap menu choices.
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Example 1: Around. This is the most likely choice to use to place media on the shape and
spin or tumble it. If the image is fully wrapped, wrapping Around only shows roughly half
the source at any given time. This is not always the best choice if you do not spin or tumble
your sphere. As you unwrap the sphere using the Around setting, the source covers a smaller
part of the modeled shape, and the uncovered area becomes transparent.
Example 2: One Way. You can see the seam between the two images if you spin the sphere
90° or 270°. Unwrapping the sphere using One Way causes multiple copies of the source (as
many as required to fill the shape) to wrap horizontally around the shape.
Example 3: Back/Forth. This causes the corresponding sides to line up and mirror each
other at the seams. This setting unwraps in the same manner as the One Way setting.
Example 4: Front. This creates a semi-sphere, visible if you spin or tumble the object. In
this example, the sphere has been rotated 90° to show the transparent back half.
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Example 5: Tile. You can create a tiled sphere by reducing Scale and Wrap Percent.
n
When you use the 3D Sphere as a 3D primitive, a Smoothness parameter appears in this tab.
Smoothness adjusts the number of polygons used to create the faces of the shape. Increasing
this value increases the number of polygons, which smooths jagged edges and decreases
banding. However, increasing this value increases render time proportionately. For more
information, see “Using the 3D Sphere Shape as a 3D Primitive” on page 321.
Example 6: Perspective. A Perspective setting of 100 makes the image appear almost flat;
only the foreshortening near the edges of the circular outline of the sphere show the
curvature of the shape. A Perspective of 1 emphasizes the curvature, but shows only a small
portion of the source media. The default setting of 80 shows both the entire surface and
creates a more curved appearance.
Perspective=100
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Perspective=10
Applying Additional Shapes
Using the Cylinder Shape
The Cylinder shape maps the source media onto a cylinder.
n
Some of the Cylinder tabs are identical to the corresponding tabs in other shapes. These tabs
are described in “Using Common Shape Parameters” on page 308.
Using the Cylinder Shape as a 3D Primitive
You can include Cylinder tracks in a 3D Container that uses the 3D Model Renderer.
Cylinder tracks nested in a 3D Model Renderer Container are called 3D Primitives. This
means that you can apply Materials, Textures, Reflection Maps, and Bump Maps.
This also means that you can scale Cylinder tracks using separate Scale X, Scale Y, and
Scale Z parameters. This allows you to create more arbitrary shapes.
n
When a Cylinder Shape track is not in a 3D Model Container, the Position tab only includes
Scale X and Scale Y.
In addition, Smoothness and Height Segment parameters appear in the Cylinder tab.
Smoothness sets the number of polygons used to create the faces of the shape. Increasing
this value increases the number of polygons that smooths jagged edges and decreases
banding. However, this increases render time proportionately. Height Segment sets the
number of segments in height direction. In some cases for better accuracy (for example,
when using texture maps, increasing the scale or intersecting with other shapes), you may
want to increase this value. This also increases render time proportionately.
Add 3D Model Container button
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To create a cylinder shape:
1. Select a track(s) and click the Add 3D Model Container button in the timeline.
The selected track(s) are nested in a 3D Container to use the 3D Model Renderer—see
“Creating a 3D Model Container” on page 243.
2. Click the Media icon and choose Cylinder.
Applying the Cylinder Parameters
The Cylinder tab contains parameters that control the perspective of the viewer in relation to
the cylinder, the percentage of the cylinder covered by the image, the opacity of the front of
the cylinder, the displacement of the cylinder on its axis, and the way the source media
wraps around the cylinder. For detailed information on the Cylinder tab parameters, see
“Cylinder Tab” on page 363.
The following are examples of the Cylinder tab parameters.
Example 1: Perspective. A Perspective setting of 100 makes the image appear almost flat;
only the foreshortening near the curved edges of the cylinder show the curvature of the
shape. A Perspective of 1 emphasizes the curvature, but shows only a small part of the
source. The default setting of 80 shows both the entire surface and creates a more curved
appearance.
Perspective=100
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Perspective=10
Applying Additional Shapes
Example 2: Wrap Percent. A Wrap Percent of 100 wraps the source image completely
around the cylinder. As Wrap Percent approaches 0, the shape becomes less cylindrical and
closer to the original flat image.The overall effect is a gradual flattening of the image as the
cylinder unwraps.
Wrap Percent 100
n
Wrap Percent 75
If you spin, tumble, or rotate a cylinder and then unwrap it, the object returns to its original
position in 3D space as it unwraps. To spin the cylinder through one full revolution and
unwrap it as it spins, animate Spin Y from –360 to 0 (or 360 to 0 to go the other direction).
Otherwise, the image’s motion counteracts the Spin Y as it moves to the original, unrotated
position.
Example 3: Axial Displacement. Use this parameter to make the front of the cylinder
partially or fully transparent to reveal an image on the inside. A setting of 100 makes the
cylinder completely opaque; a setting of 0 makes the front of the cylinder completely
transparent.
Axial Displacement 0
Axial Displacement 125
Axial Displacement –125
The following explain the Wrap menu options. The Wrap menu does not appear when you
use the Cylinder as a 3D primitive. For more information, see “Using the Cylinder Shape as
a 3D Primitive” on page 341.
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Example 4: Around. Shows half the source at any given time. Therefore, this is not always
the best choice if you do not spin or tumble your cylinder. As you unwrap the cylinder, the
source covers a smaller part of the modeled shape and the uncovered area becomes
transparent.
Example 5: One Way. You can see the seam between the two images if you spin the
cylinder 90° or 270°. Unwrapping the cylinder using One Way causes multiple copies of the
source (as many as required to fill the shape) to wrap horizontally around the shape.
Example 6: Back & Forth. Causes the corresponding sides to line up and mirror each other
at the seams. This setting unwraps in the same manner as One Way.
Example 7: Front. Creates a semi-cylinder which is visible if you spin or tumble the object,
as shown in this example.
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Applying Additional Shapes
Using the Page Turn Shape
Page Turn creates a 3D model of a page turning in a book or magazine, and allows you to
place media on both sides of the page.
n
Some Page Turn tabs are identical to the corresponding tabs in other shapes. These tabs are
described in “Using Common Shape Parameters” on page 308.
Using the Page Turn Shape as a 3D Primitive
Add 3D Model Container button
You can include Page Turn tracks in a 3D Container that uses the 3D Model Renderer. Page
Turn tracks that are nested in a 3D Model Renderer Container are called 3D Primitives. This
means that you can apply Materials, Textures, Reflection Maps, and Bump Map parameters
to the Page Turn.
This also means that you can scale Page Turn tracks using separate Scale X, Scale Y, and
Scale Z parameters. This allows you to create more arbitrary shapes. When a Page Turn
Shape track is not in a 3D Model Container, the Position tab only includes Scale X and Scale
Y. In addition, a Smoothness parameter appears in the Page Turn tab. Smoothness sets the
number of polygons used to create the shape. Increasing this value, increases the number of
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polygons that smooths jagged edges and decreases banding. However, it increases render
time proportionately. For more information, see See “Using the 3D Sphere Shape as a 3D
Primitive” on page 321.
Add 3D Model Container button
To create a Page Turn shape:
1. Select a track(s) and click the Add 3D Model Container button in the timeline.
The selected track(s) are nested in a 3D Container to use the 3D Model Renderer—see
“Creating a 3D Model Container” on page 243.
2. Click the Media icon and choose Page Turn.
3. In the Page Turn tab, use the Radius controls to set the radius of the 3D modelled flap as
the page turns.
Radius=10
Radius=40
4. Use the Offset controls to set the amount of the page that peels off over the duration of
the effect.
Offset=40
Offset=60
5. Use the Front Opacity controls to adjust the transparency of the flap.
6. Use the Direction controls to set the angle between the fold in the page and the
horizontal axis.
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Direction=70
Direction=300
For detailed information on the Page Turn tab parameters, see “Page Turn Tab” on page
384.
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Reference: Shapes
3D Shadow Tab
Parameter
Description
Shadow 1, 2, and 3
options
Control the shadows created by the three
corresponding light sources.
Shadow Bias
•
Select the option next to the tab to turn on the
shadows created by the light source.
•
Leave the option deselected to turn off shadows
created by the light source.
Corrects render errors that may occur in creating the
shadow as follows:
•
Default maintains the Shadow Bias in its current
state.
•
Increase Shadow Bias to adjust noise on
unshadowed areas.
Decrease Shadow Bias if the shadow partially or
completely disappears.
Softness
Softens the edges of the shadow.
•
Higher values produce soft shadows similar to
those created by a diffuse or distant light source.
•
Lower values produce harder shadows similar to
those created by an intense light source.
For best results, keep the Softness value greater than
zero. Softness values of zero can produce jagged
edges. If you notice jagged edges, increase Map
Resolution.
Map Resolution
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Adjusts the general accuracy of the shadow.
•
Higher values produce more accurate shadows,
but increase render and preview times
significantly.
•
Lower values reduce the quality.
Applying Additional Shapes
Border Tab (for 3D Plane Shapes)
Parameter
Description
Width
Controls the width of the border.
The Width is measured in pixels and based on an
image scale of 100%. If you scale the image, the
border sizes with it.
Opacity
Sets the opacity of the border and is scaled as a
percentage.
•
When Opacity is 100, the border is completely
opaque.
•
Lower Opacity values allow the background to
appear through the border.
•
When Opacity is 0, the border is completely
transparent.
Softness
Adjusts the softness at the edges of the border. The
amount of softness depends on the width of the
border—wider borders can accommodate more
softness.
Soften menu
Sets the part of the effect to soften. If Softness is 0,
this menu has no affect. Soften has the following
effects:
Border and Source. Softens both the inner and
outer edges of the border.
Border. Softens only the outer edges of the border.
Source. Softens only the inner edges of the border.
Square Style option
Adjusts the corners of the border to form right
angles. When this parameter is deselected, the
corners are rounded.
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Parameter
Description
Color
Controls the color of the borders.
To access the system color picker:
t
Use one of the following to pick a color:
Click the color chip.
Use the eyedropper to pick a color from the
screen.
Enter RGB values into numerical fields and
press Enter.
Brick Parameters (Type Menu)
Parameter
Description
Position X
Position Y
Determines the position of the bricks.
Scale X, Scale Y
Determine the horizontal and vertical size of the
brick image. These values scale both the bricks and
the mortar. To scale only the bricks, use the Brick
Width and Brick Height parameters.
Resolution
Determines the size of bump map.
Increase Resolution to add finer detail. Increase
Resolution to increase rendering times.
Brick Color
Sets the color of the bricks.
If you deselect the Color On option, the color values
are taken from the underlying material or texture.
Mortar Color
350
Sets the color of the mortar between the bricks. If
you deselect the Color On option, the color values
are taken from the underlying material or texture.
Applying Additional Shapes
Parameter
Description
Hue Variation, Saturation
Variation, Lightness
Variation
Adjusts the variance between brick colors in the
Hue, Saturation, and Lightness color spaces.
Pattern Variation
•
As these values increase, the bricks assume a
wider variety of colors.
•
As the values decrease, these values produces
bricks that are more uniform in color.
Varies the brick colors by moving through the color
map used to create the Hue Variation, Saturation
Variation and Lightness Variation.
If Hue Variation, Saturation Variation, and Lightness
Variation are all 0, this parameter has no affect.
Brick Width, Brick Height
Determine the width and height of the bricks.
Higher values create wider or taller bricks. These
parameters differ from Scale X and Scale Y; these
values scale the width or height of the bricks but do
not affect the mortar.
Mortar Thickness
Determines the thickness of the mortar between the
bricks. Higher values create wider bricks.
Coarseness
Determines the amount of bumpy texture applied to
the bricks. Coarseness Scale is a multiplication
factor that works in conjunction with Coarseness. If
Coarseness is set to 0, this parameter has no affect.
Brick Wear
Creates a worn appearance on the mortar between
the bricks. Higher values create more worn mortar.
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Bump Map Tab
Parameter
Description
Face Count menu
Sets the number of different bump maps used in the
object.
The Face Count menu links to the Face Count menu
in the Bump Map and Textures tabs. When you set
this menu in any of these tabs, it updates in the other
tabs. However, the options that select the faces are
not linked.
The Face Count menu parameters include:
4. Applies material individually to each face.
3. Applies the same material to the Front and Back
faces and separate materials to the Bevel and
Extrusion.
2. Applies the same material to the Front, Back and
Bevel faces, and a different material to the
Extrusion.
1. Applies the same material to all four faces.
Front (FR), Back (BK),
Bevel (BV), or Extrusion
(EX) tabs
Click a tab to adjust the corresponding face.
Bump Height
Determines the height of the bump map used to
create the texture.
Color On option
Select to ignore the color values of the underlying
material and use the color values of the applied
bump map.
When this option is deselected, the color values of
the underlying material also set the color values of
the applied bump map. The bump map sets the
luminance values.
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Applying Additional Shapes
Parameter
Description
Alpha to Opacity option
Select the alpha channel value to apply to the bump
map and set the opacity of the underlying material.
Areas where the alpha channel value equals 0 are
transparent and the underlying material is not
visible.
When this option is deselected, the Opacity setting
in the Materials tab sets the opacity of the
underlying material and the Opacity parameter in
the Bump Map tab sets the opacity of the applied
bump map.
Values less than 100 allow you to blend the bump
map with the underlying material. Materials are set
in the Materials tab.
Source menu
Determines which type of media is used to create
the bump map surface as follows:
Procedural. Allows you to use the Type menu to
choose a procedural texture.
Image. Uses the media in the Bump Map track in
the timeline to create the bump map.
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Chapter 7 Working with Shapes
Parameter
Description
Type menu
Determines which set of parameters create the bump
map.
Rock. A realistic stone generator. This is the default
choice.
Brick. A versatile generator of tiled surfaces with
realistic texture controls.
Steel Plate. A textured plate of steel.
Wood Grain. Creates the appearance of a solid
piece of wood.
Wooden Planks. Simulates a surface covered in
wooden boards, similar to a wood floor.
Fractal Noise. Creates a simulated marble texture.
Veined Marble. Creates a texture that is similar to
fractal noise, but produces a texture with more
pronounced “veins” and offers more controls for
customizing the effect.
Cloth. Creates a texture resembling tightly-woven
fabric.
Weave. Similar to cloth, but produces a texture
resembling a much more loosely-woven fabric, such
as burlap or gauze.
Granite. Simulates the appearance of granite or
another type of mottled stone.
Reptilian. Creates a texture resembling a scaly or
spotted animal skin.
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Applying Additional Shapes
Parameter
Description
Map Method menu
Determines how the image is mapped to the face.
The menu parameters are:
Clip. Maps the image directly to the center of the
face. If the image is smaller than the face, the
underlying material is visible. If you choose Clip,
Position X and Position Y reposition the image.
Scale X and Scale Y resize the image. This
parameter does not distort the bump map image but
it can change its scale.
Stretch. Resizes the texture to the width of the 3D
Extrusion track before mapping the image to the
face of the object. This parameter can stretch or
distort the bump map image.
Tile. Repeats the texture to fit the face. Position X
and Position Y reposition the image. Tile Size X and
Tile Size Y set the size of the tiles.
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Chapter 7 Working with Shapes
Camera Tab
Parameter
Description
Camera X
Camera Y
Set the horizontal and vertical position of the focal
point of the camera (the location on the image plane
where the camera is pointed).
Camera X=10,
Camera Y=10
Distance
Camera X=630,
Camera Y=470
Sets the model camera’s distance from the object.
Decrease this value to move the camera closer to the
object exaggerating the perspective on portions of
the object that are closest to the camera.
Distance=400
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Distance=4000
Applying Additional Shapes
Camera Tab (for 3D Extrusion Shape)
Parameter
Description
Camera Model menu
Determines the type of model is used to adjust the
camera perspective of the object. The menu choices
include the following:
•
Position. Allows you to adjust camera
perspective—see Position parameters (Camera
Tab) on page 357.
•
Orbit. Allows you to rotate the camera around
the object. In this camera model, the camera
points towards the object—see Orbit Parameters
(Camera Tab) on page 358.
•
Pan. Allows you to pan the model camera along
the X axis—see Pan Parameters (Camera Tab)
on page 358.
All the choices include depth of field.
Depth of Field menu
The menu choices include the following:
Off. Additional parameters do not appear.
On. Turns on additional parameters.
Position parameters (Camera Tab)
Parameter
Description
Camera X, Camera Y,
Camera Z
Set the position of the focal point (the point on the
image plane at which the camera is pointed) of the
camera along the X, Y, and Z axis.
Distance
Sets the model camera’s distance from the object.
Increase this setting to place the camera closer to the
object, exaggerating the perspective on portions of
the object that are closest to the camera.
Tumble, Spin, Rotate
Rotate the focal point around the X, Y, and Z axes.
Tumble, Spin, and Rotate are animated over values
greater than 360° to make the focal point complete
more than one full revolution.
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Orbit Parameters (Camera Tab)
Parameter
Description
Distance
Sets the model camera’s distance from the object.
Decrease this setting to place the camera closer to
the object exaggerating the perspective on portions
of the object that are closest to the camera.
Tumble, Spin, and Rotate
Rotate the model camera around the object along the
X, Y, and Z axis.
Pan Parameters (Camera Tab)
Parameter
Description
Distance
Sets the model camera’s position along the Z axis.
Advance
358
•
Decrease negative values to move the camera
away from the viewer.
•
Increase positive values to move the camera
towards the viewer.
Controls the position of the camera’s focal point on
the X axis of the object.
Applying Additional Shapes
Depth of Field On Parameters (Camera Tab)
Parameter
Description
Quality menu
Controls the quality of the Depth of Field blur. This
is basically an anti-aliasing level control.
•
Low
•
Medium
•
High
There is a significant rendering cost to using High.
Focal Length
Sets the distance between the camera and the focal
point. If the object is at the focal point, it appears in
focus. As it moves away from the focal point, it loses
focus.
Depth of Field
Sets the cameras depth of field.
If you adjust this parameter, the focal range from the
focal point is increased or decreased.
Sample # menu
Sets the number of samples that are taken.
Higher values take longer to preview and render but
provide smoother blurring.
Composite Tab (for 3D Primitives)
Parameter
Description
Apply Mode menu
Determines how an image is composited over
images underneath it in the timeline. The modes are
described in Appendix A in the Avid FX Reference
Guide Apply Modes. The following illustrations
show three Apply Modes.
Normal
Scale Screen
Lightness
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Chapter 7 Working with Shapes
Parameter
Description
Apply Mix
Blends the Apply Mode setting with the Apply Mix
From menu setting. Apply Mix softens the affect of
a given apply mode or animates Apply Mix to blend
from one apply mode to another over time. The
resulting mixed mode is used to composite the
shape.
Brightness
Adjusts the brightness of an object after it is
composited over the background.
Brightness=–30
Contrast
Adjusts the contrast of the object after it is
composited over the background.
Contrast=–60
Mix Back
Brightness=30
Contrast=60
Mixes the Normal apply mode with the chosen
apply mode or mixes the chosen apply mode with a
transparent application of the shape.
If Mix Back is 100, Normal is used to composite the
shape. As the Mix Back approaches 0, Normal
increasingly mixes with the chosen apply mode. If
Mix Back is 0, the chosen apply mode is used to
composite the shape.
If you decrease the setting below 0, the object
becomes increasingly transparent, and at a value of
–100 the object is completely transparent.
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Applying Additional Shapes
Parameter
Description
Opacity
Use to adjust the level of transparency.
•
0 sets the object to completely transparent.
•
100 sets the object to completely opaque.
•
Intermediate values produce varying degrees of
transparency.
Determines the final opacity by mixing the Opacity
and the Mix Back settings. Neither parameter
overrides the other; the two parameters have a
cumulative effect.
Crop Parameters (for 3D Primitives)
Parameter
Description
Distance
Crops the edges of the image.
The Left, Top, Right, and Bottom settings determine
the width, in pixels, of the cropped area on each
edge of the image.
Softness
Blurs the edges of the image by reducing their
opacity.
The Left, Top, Right, and Bottom parameters
determine the width, in pixels, of the transparent
band on each edge of the image.
These controls are locked by default, so when you
adjust one, all four settings update.
To adjust these controls individually:
1. Click the Lock icon.
2. Adjust the appropriate parameter.
The Softness values are unaffected by the Distance
values, allowing you to soften the edges of an
uncropped image as in these examples.
n
For both the Distance and Softness controls,
Top, Left, Bottom, and Right refer to the sides
of the original image before it is transformed
in 3D space.
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Parameter
Description
Square Style option
Select to have the corners of the cropped image
form right angles. When Square Style is deselected,
the corners are rounded. If all of the Softness
controls are at 0, Square Style has no affect.
Cube Tab
Parameter
Description
Displacement
Detaches the faces of the cube from each other. You
can animate this setting to create an effect in which
all six faces move toward each other to form the
cube or start with a fully formed cube and move the
faces apart from one another.
•
A setting of 0 keeps the faces in contact.
•
A setting of 10 moves each face apart by ten
pixels.
Displacement=75
Front Opacity
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Displacement=100
Adjusts the opacity of the one, two, or three frontmost faces of the cube, making the back faces
partially or completely visible. The default setting of
100 causes the front faces to retain their opacity, and
a setting of 0 makes them completely transparent.
Applying Additional Shapes
Cylinder Tab
Parameter
Description
Perspective
Determines the distance between the viewer’s eye
and the surface of the object. The maximum value
places the viewer far away from the shape and the
minimum value puts the viewer just above the
surface.
Increase Perspective to adjust the size of the object
and emphasize the part of the object directly in front
of the viewer.
For an example of Perspective, see page 342.
Wrap Percent
Controls the extent to which the image wraps
around the shape. See Example 2 on page 343.
A Wrap Percent of 100 wraps the image completely
around the sphere.
As you reduce the value, four things happen to the
physical model as follows:
•
Radius gets larger
•
Image is mapped on a smaller section of the 3D
shape
•
Viewer’s eye moves further away
•
Aspect ratio is adjusted toward the original
aspect ratio of the source
Front Opacity
Sets the opacity of the portion of the cylinder closest
to the viewer.
Axial Displacement
Displaces the modeled cylinder along its own axis.
For an example of Axial Displacement, see page
343.
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Chapter 7 Working with Shapes
Parameter
Description
Wrap menu
Determines how the image wraps around the
cylinder.
Around. Wraps the image completely around the
shape. For an example, see page 344.
One Way. Renders two copies of the source image,
one on the front and one on the back. For an
example, see page 344.
Back & Forth. Renders two copies of the source,
but the back copy is a mirror image. For an example,
see page 344.
Front. Maps the image onto the front of the cylinder
and leaves the back transparent. For an example, see
page 344.
Extrusion Tab
Parameter
Description
Extrusion
Controls the thickness of the extruded sides.
Bevel Type menu
Determines the shape of the bevels. The choices
include:
Straight. Creates straight bevels.
Convex. Creates bevels that curve outward.
Concave. Creates bevels that curve inward.
Bevel Amount
Sets the width of the bevels.
Smoothness
Adjusts the number of polygons used to make up the
faces of the object.
Increase to raise the number of polygons; smooth
jagged edges and decrease banding but increase
render time.
High Smoothness values increase rendering times.
Keep this value as low as possible.
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Applying Additional Shapes
Parameter
Description
Back Face Culling
option
Renders only the parts of the object that are
currently visible.
If an extruded title is facing forward, the back side is
invisible and is not rendered if you turn on Back
Face Culling.
Turn Back Face Culling on to significantly speed
rendering time but can produce noise or artifacts at
the edges.
n
Back Bevels option
Try turning Back Face Culling on and off to
see which is better.
Select to create bevels on the back face of the text.
When this parameter is deselected, bevels are
created only on the front face. Leaving this
parameter deselected speeds rendering time, so if
you cannot see the back of your image, you should
deselect this option.
Light Tab
Parameter
Description
Highlight
Adds a basic white light that illuminates the curve
of the flap as it peels back.
Increase this value increases the intensity of the
highlight.
Shadow
Causes the flap to cast a shadow on the turning
page.
Increase this value increases the intensity of the
shadow. The shadow only affects the flap of the
turning page.
To add a shadow to the track, use the parameters in
the Shadow tab. See “Adding Shadows” on
page 315 for more information.
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Chapter 7 Working with Shapes
Light Tab (for 3D Primitives)
Parameter
Description
Ambient
Adjusts the total amount of diffuse light on the
image. Illuminates or darkens the image evenly and
is unaffected by any other lighting parameters.
Color
•
The default setting of 100 does not add or
subtract ambient light from the source image.
•
Decrease this setting to make the image darker
before applying other lights.
Controls the color of the applied light (Specular and
Diffuse lights).
To access the system color picker, click the color
chip.
Light X
Light Y
Position the light source in space by moving the
light parallel to the image plane along the X and Y
axes.
Distance
Positions the depth of the light source relative to the
image plane.
•
A Distance value of 100 places the light one
source width above the image plane.
•
A negative Distance value places the light
behind the image plane.
The light is seen only if the object is rotated or
displaced so that all or part of it is behind the light
source (the light source always points in toward the
object not out at the viewer).
Specular
Simulates lighting a glossy surface from a point
source creating a small spot of intense light whose
falloff can vary.
Increase Specular to add light to the surface.
Diffuse
Determines the amount of non-directional diffuse
light applied to the object.
Increase Diffuse to brighten the object uniformly.
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Applying Additional Shapes
Parameter
Description
Falloff
Controls the rate at which the Specular light falls off
from the center of the lit region.
•
A higher Falloff value creates a more
concentrated highlight, simulating a shiny,
highly reflective surface.
•
A lower Falloff value spreads light more evenly
throughout the lit region, simulating a rougher,
less reflective surface.
Both Specular and Diffuse light are affected by
Color but only Specular light is affected by Falloff.
Lights Tab (for 3D Plane Shape)
Parameter
Description
Light tabs
Click to select one of three light shapes. Select the
option to activate the chosen light.
Ambient
Refers to the diffuse, non-directional light applied to
the image before additional light sources are added.
Decrease this value to darken the image before
adding other light effects.
Coordinates menu
Chooses the method used to position the light source
in space.
Cartesian: Lets you position the light source by
specifying X and Y coordinates and the distance
between the light source and the image.
Spherical: Moves the light around the shape along
an arc.
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Chapter 7 Working with Shapes
Parameter
Description
Type menu
Determines what kind of lighting effect is produced
by the light source. The menu parameters are:
Diffuse Specular. Combines focused (specular) and
diffuse light. Use this light type to create the
appearance of a shiny surface lit by a point light
source.
Spotlight. Simulates the look of a traditional
theatrical spotlight.
Sweep. Creates a linear beam of light that sweeps
across your image.
The light source is physically modeled after a light
that is infinitely far away.
The light is infinitely wide in one direction and falls
off in the other.
Color
Controls the light color.
To access the system color picker, use one of the
following to pick a color:
•
Click the color chip.
•
Use the eyedropper to pick a color from the
screen.
•
Enter RGB values into numerical fields and
press Enter.
Apply Mode menu
Controls how the filtered image is composited with
the source image. Experiment with different Apply
Modes to achieve realistic lighting effects with
lights of various colors—Apply Mode Menu.
Apply Mix
Controls the mix of a specific Apply Mode with
Normal.
•
If the Apply Mode is Normal, Apply Mix has no
affect and the parameter does not appear.
•
If Apply Mix is 0, Apply Mode has no affect.
Increase Apply Mix to blend the Apply Mode
setting with the Normal apply mode.
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Applying Additional Shapes
Cartesian Parameters (Lights Tab)
Parameter
Description
Light X
Light Y
Move the light along the horizontal and vertical
axes.
Distance
Focuses the light or spreads it over a larger area by
adjusting the distance between the light source and
the image.
•
Decrease the distance to move the light closer to
the image,
•
Increase the distance to move the light further
away.
Spherical Parameters (Lights Tab)
Parameter
Description
Distance
Controls the distance between the light source and shape.
Elevation
Sets the latitude of the light source point.
Direction
Sets the longitude of the light source point.
Diffuse Specular Parameters (Lights Tab)
Parameter
Description
Intensity
Determines the amount of diffuse light on the image.
Increase this value to enlarge the size of the lit region and
make the center of the lit area increasingly bright.
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Chapter 7 Working with Shapes
Parameter
Description
Specular
Determines the amount of specular light applied to the
image.
Increase this value to expand the amount of light at the
center of the lit region (determined by the Light X and Y
and Position settings).
Intensity=50,
Specular=0
Specular Falloff
Intensity=50,
Specular=400
Controls the relative softness of the edges of the region lit
by specular light.
Increase this value to soften the edges of this region and
decrease its size.
Specular=400,
Specular Falloff=1
Specular=400,
Specular Falloff=20
Spotlight Parameters (Lights Tab)
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Parameter
Description
Target X
Target Y
Sets the X and Y coordinates for the point at which
the spotlight is aimed. Changing the Target point is
analogous to pivoting a theatrical spotlight to follow
a performer on stage.
Applying Additional Shapes
Parameter
Description
Cone Width
Adjusts the size of the light cone.
•
Increase this value to enlarge the size of the cone
base thereby making the lit area larger.
•
Decrease to make the light cone narrower and
reduce the size of the lit region.
Unlike a physical spotlight, changing the cone width
of the light does not affect its intensity.
Intensity
Controls the brightness of the spotlight. Unlike the
Diffuse Specular Intensity parameter, changing
Spotlight Intensity does not affect the size of the lit
area. Adjust using the Cone Width parameter.
Edge Falloff
Controls the relative softness of the edges of the lit
region.
Point At Source
option
•
Leave Edge Falloff at its default setting of 0 if
you prefer a hard edge on the spotlight effect or
increase this value to soften the edges of the lit
region.
•
Edge Falloff removes light from the edges of the
lit region.
•
To maintain the size of the region while
softening its edges, you need to increase Cone
Width accordingly.
Select to set Target coordinates relative to the
undistorted source so that the light follows the
source as it animates.
Sweep Parameters (Lights Tab)
Parameter
Description
Target X
Target Y
Sets the X and Y light center. The light comes from
infinitely far away to the light center where it starts
to fall off.
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Chapter 7 Working with Shapes
Parameter
Description
Sweep Width
Adjusts the size of the width, in pixels, of the light
beam.
Sweep width=200
Sweep width=400
Intensity
Sets the intensity of the light.
Edge Falloff
Controls how the light falls off from the center of
the beam to the outside regions of the beam.
•
At higher values, the light falls off rapidly
outside the center of the beam creating a hardedged light beam.
•
At the lower Edge Falloff values, the light falls
off more gradually toward the outside of the
light beam creating a softer beam.
Edge Falloff=10 Edge Falloff=100
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Point At Source
option
Select to set the Target coordinates relative to the
undistorted source so that the light follows the
source as it animates.
Sweep Angle
Sets the angle between the beam of light and the
horizontal axis.
Applying Additional Shapes
Lights Tab (in 3D Space)
Parameter
Description
Ambient
Adjusts the total amount of diffuse light on the
image.
Light tabs
•
The default setting of 100 does not add or
subtract ambient light from the source image.
•
Decrease the setting makes the image darker
before the other lights are applied.
•
Ambient light illuminates or darkens the image
evenly and is unaffected by any other lighting
parameters.
Click one of the three numbered to adjust the
controls for that light.
•
Select the option next to the tab to turn on a
light.
•
Leave the option deselected to turn off the light
source.
•
Deselect these parameters to turn off the lights.
Viewing each light individually is useful if you want
to work with one light at a time.
Type menu
Determines the type light source. The options
include:
Point. Combines both focused (specular) and
diffuse light. You can use this Light Type to create
the appearance of a shiny surface lit by a point light
source.
Spot. Simulates the look of a traditional theatrical
spotlight. Spot creates a small spot of intense light
whose falloff can vary.
Distant. Creates a non-directional infinitely distant
diffuse light similar to sunlight.
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Chapter 7 Working with Shapes
Parameter
Description
Light X
Light Y
Position the light source in space by moving the
light parallel to the image plane along the X and Y
axes. Adjust the Light X and Light Y values to
change the shape of the light.
Change the Light X and Light Y is analogous to
pivoting a theatrical spotlight to follow a performer
on stage.
Distance
Positions the light source relative to the image
plane.
•
Increase positive Distance values to bring the
light source closer to the viewer.
•
Adjust negative Distance values to place the
light behind the object and move the light away
from the viewer.
If Distance is negative, the light is seen only if
the object is rotated or displaced so that all or
part of it is behind the light source. (The light
source always points in toward the object not out
at the viewer.)
Color
Determines the color of the light.
Click the color chip to access the system color
picker, use the eyedropper to pick a color from the
screen or enter RGB values into numerical fields
and press Enter.
Intensity
Controls the brightness of the light.
Spot Parameters (Lights Tab)
Parameter
Description
Angle
Sets the angle of the light. This is analogous to
focusing the light.
Decreasing values create a smaller, more focused
light.
Angle=50
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Angle=150
Applying Additional Shapes
Parameter
Description
Edge Falloff
Controls the relative softness of the edges of the lit
region.
•
Leave Edge Falloff at its default setting of 50 if
you prefer a soft edge on the spotlight effect.
•
Increase this value to harden the edges of the lit
region.
Edge Falloff removes light from the edges of the lit
region.
To maintain the size of the region while softening its
edges, increase Angle accordingly.
Light X
Light Y
Position the light source in space by moving the
light parallel to the image plane along the X and Y
axes.
The light sources in 3D Extrusion are modeled as
non-directional point sources. As they move closer
to a specific region or face of a 3D object, the light
illuminates the region fairly evenly.
Distance
Positions the light source relative to the image
plane.
•
Negative Distance values place the light behind
the object and move the light away from the
viewer.
•
Positive Distance values bring the light source
closer to the viewer.
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Chapter 7 Working with Shapes
Mask Tab (for 3D Primitives)
Parameter
Description
Distance
Defines the mask edges using the Left, Top, Right,
and Bottom settings. These values determine the
distance, in pixels, between each edge of the mask
and the corresponding edge of the source image.
The Distance controls are locked by default; to
adjust the controls individually, click the Lock icon,
then adjust the appropriate parameter.
Invert Mask option
Inverts the mask.
Softness
Blurs the mask edges. The Left, Top, Right, and
Bottom determine the width, in pixels, of the
transparent band on each edge.
Square Style option
Select to ensure that the corners of the mask form
right angles. With Square Style deselected, the
corners are rounded. If all the Softness controls are
at 0, Square Style has no affect.
Materials Tab
Parameter
Description
Face Count menu
Determines how materials are applied to faces of the
object and sets the number of different materials.
The Face Count menu links to the Face Count menu
in the Bump Map and Textures tabs. When you set
this menu in any of these tabs, it updates in the other
tabs. However, the options that select the faces are
not linked.
The Face Count menu parameters include:
4. Applies material individually to each face.
3. Applies the same material to the Front and Back
faces and separate materials to the Bevel and
Extrusion.
2. Applies the same material to the Front, Back, and
Bevel faces and a different material to the Extrusion.
1. Applies the same material to all four faces.
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Applying Additional Shapes
Parameter
Description
Front (FR), Back (BK),
Bevel (BV), or Extrusion
(EX) tabs
Click a tab to adjust the corresponding face.
Mode menu
Determines which set of parameters is used to create
the material surface as follows:
Easy. Uses one of the preset modes that offer a
selection of parameter controls for adjusting the
effect.
Advanced. Designs your own material surface.
When Advanced is chosen, you have access to all
parameter for creating custom material surfaces.
The controls are described in the following section,
Material Parameters.
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Chapter 7 Working with Shapes
Parameter
Description
Type menu
Controls the type of material created. The menu
options include the following material:
Matte. Simulates the appearance of hard, matte
surfaces. Matte includes the Color, Ambient,
Intensity, and Diffuse Intensity parameters.
Plastic. Simulates the appearance of hard, shiny
surfaces. This is the default material. Plastic
includes the Color, Ambient Intensity, Diffuse
Intensity, Specular Intensity, Shininess, and
Reflectivity parameters.
Gold. Simulates the appearance of a gold metallic
surface.Gold includes the Ambient Color, Ambient
Intensity, Diffuse Color, Diffuse Intensity, Specular
Color, Specular Intensity, Shininess, and
Reflectivity parameters.
Aluminum. simulates the appearance of a silver
metallic surface, such as aluminum, tin, or silver.
Aluminum includes the Color, Ambient Intensity,
Diffuse Intensity, Specular Intensity, Shininess, and
Reflectivity parameters.
Copper. simulates the appearance of a copper
metallic surface. Copper includes the Ambient
Color, Ambient Intensity, Diffuse Color, Diffuse
Intensity, Specular Color, Specular Intensity,
Shininess, and Reflectivity parameters.
Iron. simulates the appearance of an iron metallic
surface. Iron includes the Ambient Color, Ambient
Intensity, Diffuse Color, Diffuse Intensity, Specular
Color, Specular Intensity, Shininess, and
Reflectivity parameters.
Glass. simulates the appearance of a clear glass
surface. Glass includes the Color, Ambient Intensity,
Diffuse Color, Diffuse Intensity, Shininess,
Reflectivity, and Opacity parameters.
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Applying Additional Shapes
Material Parameters (Materials Tab)
Parameter
Description
Color
Sets the color of the material. Select one of the
following to pick a color:
•
Click the color chip to access the system color
picker.
•
Use the eyedropper to pick a color from the
screen.
•
Enter RGB values into numerical fields and
press Enter.
Ambient Color
Sets the color of the ambient light on the surface.
This parameter essentially controls the underlying
color of the surface.
Ambient Intensity
Adjusts the amount of ambient light on the material.
•
Increase this value to evenly lighten the surface.
•
Decrease this value to evenly darken the surface.
Diffuse Color
Sets the color of the diffuse light applied to the
material.
Diffuse Intensity
Diffuse light applied to the surface. Diffuse light
simulates the affect of lighting a matte surface from
a point source creating a lit region in which no point
is more intensely lit than any other.
Adjusts the diffuse light on the material. Decrease
this value to reduce the diffuse light applied to the
surface.
Specular Color
Sets the color of the specular light applied to the
material.
Specular Intensity
Sets the specular light applied to the material.
•
Increase the value increases the intensity.
•
Decrease the value reduces the specular light
applied to the surface.
Specular light simulates the effect of lighting a
glossy surface from a point source, creating a small
spot of intense light whose size can vary.
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Parameter
Description
Shininess
Controls the size of the region lit by the specular
light.
Reflectivity
•
Decrease the value to broaden the area and
soften its edges.
•
Increase the value to focus the specular light.
Sets the intensity of the reflected image on the face.
Click the Reflection Map button at the bottom of the
Controls window to create a Reflection Map track in
the timeline.
Place the media you want to reflect in the Reflection
Map track and adjust reflectivity as necessary.
n
Reflections are not created for materials that
do not include the Reflectivity parameter such
as the Matte material.
Reflections are not visible if you work in Draft
mode with the OpenGL preference enabled. To see
the reflection, switch to High in the Composite
window.
Opacity
Controls the opacity of the face.
•
A setting of 100 makes the face totally opaque.
•
A setting of 0 makes the face totally transparent.
Motion Blur Tab (for 3D Primitives)
380
Parameter
Description
Enable Motion Blur
option
Select to apply motion blur to the track.
Deselect to turn off motion blur.
Applying Additional Shapes
Parameter
Description
Shutter Angle
Refers to the workings of a conventional film
camera. Normally the shutter is open 180° meaning
that the shutter is open for half of each frame.
•
Increase the angle to open the shutter longer
creating a wider blur.
•
Decrease the angle to produce a thinner blur.
The default value of 180 models a typical movie
camera. For the smoothest motion, set Shutter Angle
to 360. You can also overdrive it to create special
effects.
Smoothness menu
Determines how many samples are taken between
the time the shutter opens and closes. Increasing the
number of samples creates a smoother blur but
increases preview and render time proportionally.
The choices are:
Low. Uses the fewest samples. At the Low setting,
two snapshots are taken and each increase in
smoothness doubles the number of snapshots.
Medium. Limits Smoothness while working in
Draft mode, so four are the most snapshots
rendered.
High. Takes eight snapshots.
Highest. Uses the most samples.
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Chapter 7 Working with Shapes
Parameter
Description
Apply Motion Blur To
menu
Controls what the motion blur affects. Select from
the following selections:
Motion Only. Applies motion blur to the motion of
the 3D Plane track. Does not apply motion blur to
lights or shadows, synthetic media (gradients or
Natural media), or filters on the Face of the 3D
Plane track.
Shape Only. Applies motion blur to all attributes of
the shape including borders, lights, and shadows.
Shape, Faces, and Upstream Filters. Applies
motion blur to the motion of the 3D Plane track,
lights or shadows, and any rendered media or filters
applied to the Face of the 3D Plane track. Motion
blur is not applied to downstream filters.
Shape, Faces, and All Filters applies the motion blur
to downstream filters in addition to applying to any
lights or shadows and rendered media or filters
applied to the Face of the 3D Plane track.
n
Use Adaptive Motion Blur
if Processing Motion Only
option
The previous controls apply to 3D Plane
shape. 3D Line Art and 3D Extrusion uses
Shape, Faces, and Upstream Filters only. 3D
Sphere, Cube, Cylinder, Sphere, and Page
Turn use Shape Only and Shape, Faces, and
Upstream Filters.
Select to reduce the number of snapshots used and
to reduce rendering time if the object starts slowly
and then moves quickly off the screen.
Selecting this option does not affect the render
visually, but does improve rendering speed.
Functions if the Apply Motion Blur To menu is set
to Motion Only.
Natural Media Parameters
382
Parameter
Description
Wood Grain
See Creating a Wood Grain Effect on page 114.
Wooden Planks
See Creating Wooden Planks on page 116.
Applying Additional Shapes
Parameter
Description
Fractal Noise
See Creating Fractal Noise on page 118.
Veined Marble
See Creating Veined Marble on page 119.
Cloth
See Creating Veined Marble on page 119.
Weave
See Creating Weave on page 121.
Granite
See Creating Granite on page 123.
Reptilian
See Creating a Reptilian Pattern on page 124.
Pivot Tab
Parameter
Description
Position X, Position Y,
Position Z
Reflects the coordinates of the 3D object. These
controls are identical to the Position X, Position Y,
and Position Z parameters in the Position tab.
Adjust the Position settings in the Position tab or the
Pivot tab and the other tab updates to reflect the
changes.
See “Controlling the Location of the Shape” on
page 308 for more information.
Pivot X, Pivot Y, Pivot Z
Determines the coordinates of a point around which
an object revolves when you tumble, spin, or rotate
it. Set the parameters in the Position tab. See the
previous section for details.
These controls rotate the object around its center.
Rotate=25,
Pivot is locked
Rotate=25, Pivot X=190,
Pivot Y=125
To set an external pivot point:
t
Click the Lock icon to unlock the appropriate
Position and Pivot parameters.
Then adjust the Pivot parameter.
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Page Turn Tab
Parameter
Description
Radius
Sets the radius of the 3D-modeled flap as the page
turns.
Reducing Radius makes the flap sharper and more
like a crease, and increasing it makes the flap more
cylindrical.
Offset
Front Opacity
Direction
Controls the amount of the page that peels off over
the duration of the effect.
•
An Offset of 0 leaves the source image
undistorted
•
An Offset of 100 peels the page off completely,
revealing the track
Adjusts the transparency of the flap.
•
A setting of 100 makes the flap completely
invisible
•
A setting of 0 leaves the flap completely opaque.
Sets the angle between the fold in the page and the
horizontal axis.
Position Tab
Parameter
Description
Position X, Position Y,
Position Z
Adjusts the horizontal and vertical location and
depth of the shape.
n
Reposition an object by adjusting the Position
X, Position Y, and Position Z of a shape track
using the OpenGL interactors in the
Composite window instead of dragging the
sliders.
For more information, see The OpenGL Interactors
on page 52.
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Applying Additional Shapes
Parameter
Description
Trails
Create a series of residual images that follow the
object as it moves.
•
Whole number values determine the number of
distinct visible trails.
•
Fractional numbers scale the opacity of the
trails.
•
No trails are visible if the object is stationary.
n
Opacity
Do not use the Trails parameter in each
shape's Position tab if the shape is inside a
3D Container. Use the 3D Container's Trails
control instead.
Sets the opacity of the image and is scaled as a
percentage.
•
A setting of 0% makes the image completely
transparent.
•
A setting of 100% makes the image completely
opaque.
Fade objects in or out by animating this parameter.
Scale X, Scale Y, Scale Z
Changes the size of the object along the X, Y, and Z
axes. These parameters are scaled as percentages of
the object’s original width, height, or depth.
Rotation Order menu
Sets the order that Tumble X, Spin Y, and Rotate Z
are applied. The first axis is unaffected by the other
two.
Tumble X, Spin Y,
Rotate Z
Changes the image’s perspective along the X, Y, and
Z axes. Tumble, Spin, and Rotate are animated over
values greater than 360° in order to make the shape
complete more than one full revolution.
These controls rotate the object around its center but
you can also set an external pivot point around
which to tumble, spin, or rotate the object.
Rock Parameters (Type Menu)
Parameter
Description
Scale X, Scale Y
Sets the rock’s horizontal and vertical size.
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Parameter
Description
Resolution
Sets the size of bump map. Increasing Resolution
adds finer detail but also increases rendering times.
Detail
Adds detail to the bump map, similar to adding a
gravelly component to the surface.
•
Decrease Detail to create a smoother surface.
•
Increase this value to create a coarser surface.
Shadow Tab (for 3D Primitives)
Parameter
Description
Shadow On option
Select to make the shadow visible.
If this parameter is not selected, the shadow is
not visible and the other shadow parameters
have no affect.
•
Add a shadow by clicking the Drop Shadow On
button in the lower part of the Controls window.
Distance
Sets the distance (in pixels) between the shadow and
the image. At a value of 0, the shadow is not visible.
Opacity
Sets the opacity of the drop shadow, scaled as a
percentage.
Softness
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•
•
At a value of 100, the shadow is completely
opaque.
•
Lower values make the background image
visible through the shadow.
•
At a value of 0, the shadow is completely
transparent.
Controls the softness of the edges of the shadow.
•
Use a low value to emulate the look of a shadow
in hard light.
•
Increase the value for a more diffuse shadow
effect.
Applying Additional Shapes
Parameter
Description
Color
Sets the color of the shadow.
To access the system color picker:
•
Use one of the following to pick a color:
Click the color chip.
Use the eyedropper to pick a color from the
screen.
Enter RGB values into numerical fields and
press Enter.
Angle
Sets the direction of the drop shadow. Animate the
shadow using Angle values greater than 360° to
make it undergo one or more full revolutions.
•
A setting of 0° places the shadow to the right of
the image.
•
A setting of 90° places it directly below the
image.
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Sphere Tab
Parameter
Description
Wrap Percent
Controls the extent to which the image wraps
around the shape.
A Wrap Percent of 100 wraps the image completely
around the sphere.
As you reduce the value, four things happen to the
physical model as follows:
•
Radius gets larger
•
Image is mapped on a smaller section of the 3D
shape
•
Viewer’s eye moves further away
•
Aspect ratio is adjusted toward the original
aspect ratio of the source
The overall affect is a gradual flattening of the
image as the sphere unwraps.
Wrap Percent=80
Front Opacity
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Wrap Percent=35
Controls the opacity of the image on the outside of
the sphere. You can use this setting to make the
outside of the sphere partially or fully transparent to
reveal an image on the inside.
•
A setting of 100 makes the outside of the sphere
completely opaque.
•
A setting of 0 makes the outside completely
transparent.
Applying Additional Shapes
Parameter
Description
Wrap menu
Determines how the source image wraps around the
sphere.
The Wrap menu does not appear when you use the
3D Sphere as a 3D primitive. See “Using the 3D
Sphere Shape as a 3D Primitive” on page 321.
Around. Wraps the image completely around the
shape. See Example 1 on page 339.
One Way Repeat. Renders two copies of the source
image, one on the front and one on the back of the
sphere. See Example 2 on page 339.
Back/Forth Repeat. Renders two copies of the
source, but the back copy is a mirror image. See
Example 3 on page 339.
Front. Maps the image onto the front of the sphere
and leaves the back transparent. See Example 4 on
page 339.
Tile. Similar to One Way but it also repeats the
image vertically as it unwraps. See Example 5 on
page 340
Perspective
Determines the distance between the viewer’s eye
and the surface of the object. See Example 6 on
page 340.
•
The maximum value places the viewer far away
from the shape.
•
The minimum value puts the viewer just above
the surface.
Increasing Perspective enlarges the apparent size of
the object and emphasizes the part of the object that
is directly in front of the viewer.
Steel Plate Parameters (Type Menu)
Parameter
Description
Position X, Position Y
Determine the position of the Steel Plate.
Scale X, Scale Y
Determine the horizontal and vertical size of the
steel plates.
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Parameter
Description
Resolution
Determines the size of bump map.
Increase Resolution to add finer detail. Increasing
Resolution also increases rendering times.
Pattern Type menu
Determines the texture of the Steel Plate. The
options include:
Shape and Rivet. Uses the choices that you set in
the Rivet Shape and Shape menus.
Shape. Uses the chosen Shape.
Rivet. Uses the chosen Rivet Shape.
The exact appearance depends on the settings in the
Shape and Rivet Shape menus.
Shape and
Rivet
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Shape
Rivet
Rivet Shape menu
Determines the shape of the rivets, choose Round
Bolt, Hexnut, Lugnut, Capped Lugnut, and Star.
Shape menu
Determines the shape, choose Round Bolt, Hexnut,
Lugnut, Capped Lugnut, Star, Diamond, and
Crosshatch.
Plate Gap
Sets the width of the gap between each steel plate.
Higher values create wider gaps.
Plate XY Radius
Adjusts the aspect ratio of the steel plates.
•
Higher values create wider plates.
•
Lower values create taller plates.
Rivet Size
Sets the size of the chosen Rivet. If the Pattern Type
menu is set to Shape, this parameter has no affect.
Shape Size
Sets the size of the chosen Shape. If the Pattern Type
menu is set to Rivet, this parameter has no affect.
Rivet Count X,
Rivet Count Y
Set the number of Rivets on the X and Y axes. If the
Pattern Type menu is set to Shape, this parameter
has no affect.
Applying Additional Shapes
Parameter
Description
Shape Count X,
Shape Count Y
Set the number of Shapes on the X and Y axes
respectively. If the Pattern Type menu is set to Rivet,
this parameter has no affect.
Rivet Offset
Sets the distance of the rivets from the edge of the
plate. Higher values add more space between the
rivets and the edge of the plate.
Shape Scale X,
Scale the shape on the X and Y axes. This parameter
differs from Scale X and Scale Y in that scaling the
value scales the width and height of the plates but
does not affect the plate gap.
Shape Scale Y
Textures Tab
Parameter
Description
Face Count menu
Determines how the textures are applied to faces of
the object and sets the number of different textures
used.
The Face Count menu links to the Face Count menu
in the Bump Map and Textures tabs. When you set
this menu in any of these tabs, it updates in the other
tabs. However, the options that select the faces are
not linked.
The Face Count menu parameters include:
4. Applies material individually to each face.
3. Applies the same material to the Front and Back
faces and separate materials to the Bevel and
Extrusion.
2. Applies the same material to the Front, Back and
Bevel faces, and a different material to the
Extrusion.
1. Applies the same material to all four faces.
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Parameter
Description
Front (FR), Back (BK),
Bevel (BV), or Extrusion
(EX) tabs
Select the option to turn on the texture of that face.
Deselect to turn off the texture and use the specified
material in the Materials tab.
After you select the option, you need to click the
Media icon for the texture track in the timeline to
choose the media that you map to the face.
Texture Opacity field
and slider
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Sets the opacity of the applied texture track.
Applying Additional Shapes
Parameter
Description
Alpha to Opacity
option
Select to apply the alpha channel values to texture
tracks and set the opacity value of the underlying
material.
Areas where the alpha channel value is 0 are
transparent and the underlying material is not
visible.
When this option is deselected, the Opacity setting
in the Materials tab sets the opacity of the underlying
material.
Values less than 100 allow you to blend the applied
texture track with the underlying material. Materials
are set in the Materials tab. See “Applying Materials
in 3D Space” on page 327 for more information.
The following examples show the results of the
Alpha to Opacity option. A gold material is applied
to an extruded Spline Primitive.
Example 1. Without Texture track only the
underlying material is visible.
Example 2. Maps a Texture track to the Front Face,
and deselects Alpha to Opacity. Material is visible in
areas where the alpha channel value is 0.
Example 3. Maps the Texture track to the Front Face
and selects Alpha to Opacity. The background
gradient is visible in areas where the alpha channel
value is 0.
Underlying
material
Alpha to Opacity
deselected
Alpha to Opacity
selected
You can consult the Avid FX online help to view
these examples in color.
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Parameter
Description
Map Method menu
Determines how the image maps to the face. The
choices include the following:
•
Clip maps the image directly to the center of the
face. If the image is smaller than the face, the
underlying material is visible. Select Clip and
Position X and Y reposition the image. Scale X
and Y resize the image. This parameter does not
distort the texture image, but can change its
scale.
•
Stretch resizes the texture to the width of the 3D
Extrusion track before mapping the image to the
face of the object. This parameter can stretch or
distort the texture image.
•
Tile repeats the texture to fit the face. You can
use the Position X and Y parameters to
reposition the image. Tile Size X and Y set the
size of the tiles.
Chapter 8
Working with Text
With Avid FX, you can create and animate titles or create text with alpha channels to
use as layers or masks in other effects. You can use Avid FX to create complex text
animations, including text on a path, type-on or write-on effects, animated text
reveals, as well as jitter or randomly generated text. These animations work with both
2D and 3D text. You can also create 2D or 3D text effects using the Text media type
and then change the media type to Spline Object to edit the splines that form the text
characters.
Avid FX provides the following to use for creating text:
•
The Text window lets you control the font, size, color, and spacing of each
individual character and allows you to add shadows.
•
The Style Palette lets you create and save style settings for future use.
•
The Text tool (Tool window) lets you type text directly over the image in the
Composite window.
•
Title Containers let you set keyframes to animate the text tracks within the
container.
•
The Convert to Container feature transforms a text track into a container with a
separate track for each character in the original text. You can easily position and
animate characters individually without having to manually create a separate
track for each character and position it in relation to the others.
Working with Text Media
The Text media type allows you to create, edit, import and format text. The Text
media type does not include a Media tab. Instead you create text in the Text window or
use the Text tool to create text directly in the Composite window.
Chapter 8 Working with Text
The Text window allows you to type text or import or paste text from another source. You
can format the text using the font, size, style, and kerning controls in this window. Once you
create a Text media track, you can edit the text at any time by double-clicking the track. This
opens your text in the Text window where you can make changes.
The Text media type includes Transform, FIll, Border, Shadow, Path, Type On, Texture,
Backdrop, Jitter, Generator, Texture, Backdrop and Layer tabs. These tabs appear in the
Controls window when a Text media track is selected in the Timeline. When text is in a Title
Container, a Page tab is also available. Unlike the parameters in the Text window, the Text
Media Control parameters apply to the text globally. In addition, these parameters have
tracks in the timeline and can be animated.
With Avid FX you create 2D or 3D text. To create 2D text, you choose Text as the media
type and 3D Plane or 3D Line Art as the shape type. To create 3D text, choose Text as the
media type and 3D Extrusion as the shape type.
For more information on the Text window, see “Using the Text Window” on page 397.
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Using the Text Window
You can create, import, and edit text media for your text effect using the Text window. The
Text window is character-based, which means you can apply different formats to individual
characters.
In the upper portion of the Text window, the text preview area, you can type in text and then
select one or more characters to make style changes using the Style, Page, Color, Border,
and Shadow tabs.
The parameters in the Text window do not have tracks in the timeline and cannot be
animated. However, you can animate these attributes using the corresponding parameters in
the Controls window. For more information, see “Working with Title Containers” on
page 422.
To open the Text window:
•
Choose Window > Text Window or type Ctrl+4.
Text preview area
Style Preview menu
Scale menu
Creating a Text Effect
Text is available as a media type option for any shape track in the timeline. There are several
methods of creating a new text track. Most options open the Text window, which allows you
to create, import, and format text.
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To create a new track with text as its media type:
•
Select Track > New Text Page.
Button
Description
Add Text Track
(timeline)
Creates a 3D Plane track with Text as the media type.
This is the best choice to create effects with lots of text,
such as credit rolls or crawls, since this choice renders
quickly.
Add Vector Text Track
(timeline)
Creates a 3D Line Art track with Text as the media
type. This is the best choice to create effects that scale,
since vector text remains razor sharp at any size.
Add 3D Text Track
(timeline)
Creates a 3D Extrusion track with Text as the media
type. When animating 3D text, you may want to create
the text as 2D, using the Add Text Track button. Then
change the shape to 3D Extrusion once you finish
animating. This method speeds previews.
Text (Composite
window)
Lets you type directly in the Composite window
without opening the Text window—see “Creating a
Text Template” on page 412.
Editing Text from the Text Window
Once you create a Text track, you can edit the text at any time.
To edit text from the Text window, do one of the following:
•
Double-click the Text track in the timeline.
•
Click the Media icon and choose Text.
The Text window opens, displaying your text. You can now make changes.
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As long as the Text window remains open, you can undo and redo as you can anywhere in
Avid FX. However, if you close and then reopen the Text window, you cannot undo or redo
any actions performed before the Text window closed.
Using the Text Window
To access the Text window for a track:
•
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You can also access the Text window for a track by selecting the track and choosing
Window > Text Window or by pressing Ctrl+4.
Tip: You can use the Text tool to select the Text in the Composite window. For more
information, see “Working with the Text Tool” on page 417.
Selecting Text
While you are creating text effects, you can select and edit the text it contains. You can select
text in the Text window just as you can in most word processing programs.
To select text in the Text window, do any of the following:
•
Drag to select specific text.
•
Press Ctrl+A to select all text in the preview area.
•
Double-click to select a word or triple-click to select an entire paragraph.
Applying and Resetting Text Styles
The Style Palette includes preset text styles and allows you to save and categorize styles for
future use. If you make a mistake or change your mind on the text style, you can easily
return to the default.
Resetting a style does not reset the Tracking, Kerning, Leading, Justification, and Page Size
parameters nor does it remove any tabs that you created. Resetting a style only affects saved
style settings in the Style Palette. You can also reset all the Text window’s parameters to
their default settings.
For more information on with the Style Palette, see “Working with the Style Palette” on
page 452.
To reset the text:
1. Select the text that you want to reset.
2. Click the Reset Style button.
Any parameter changes that you made in any Text window tabs are reset to the default.
To reset all text:
•
Press Ctrl+A before clicking the Reset Style button.
To return to default settings:
•
Select Edit > Reset Parameter Tab.
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Previewing Text
The Style Preview menu lets you set the style that is display in the text preview area. The
Scale menu sets the size of the text in the preview window to a percentage of its actual size.
Use smaller scales to work with large bodies of text or to speed previews.
To set the style in the text preview area:
From the Style Preview menu, select one of the following:
•
All Styles
•
Basic Styles
•
Draft Typing
For more information, see “Style Preview Menu” on page 480.
To set the scale in the text preview area:
•
From the Scale menu, select an option.
Updating Text
You can update text in the Composite window to get an idea of how it looks.
To update the text in the Composite window:
•
In the Text window, click the Update button.
The Composite window displays any changes that you made in the Text window.
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The Update button does not close the Text window.
Using Context Menus in the Text Window
You can use context menus in the Text window to cut, copy, and paste text.You can also
change the color of the text preview area.
To use context menus to edit text:
Right-click the Text window and select any of the following:
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•
Cut to delete the selected text and save it to your Clipboard.
•
Copy to copy the selected text.
•
Paste to paste the contents of your Clipboard to the Text window.
•
Delete to remove the selected text.
•
Change Background Color to assign a new background color to the text entry area.
Using the Text Window
Working with Tabs
The text preview area is bordered by rulers to help you precisely position your text. The
white region of the rulers indicates the boundaries determined by the Page Width control.
For more information, see “Setting Up a Text Page” on page 406.
Tabs are markers that let you control the spacing between text.
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Tabs apply globally to the Text window. You cannot create different tabs to use with different
lines of text.
You can also create custom guides and grids to help you precisely position your text. For
more information, see “Using Grids and Guides” on page 55 and “Using Grids and Guides”
on page 55.
To create a tab:
1. Click anywhere on the horizontal ruler and drag to position the new tab.
2. Double-click the tab marker to change from left justified to right or center justified.
To remove a tab:
•
Drag the tab down away from the ruler.
Left justified
Right justified
Center justified
To create lists:
1. Type the title for the first column.
2. Press the Tab key.
3. For the second column, repeat steps 1 and 2.
4. To use the default Center justification, type without pressing the Tab key.
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Tab justified
right
Tab justified left
Importing Text Files
You can import Rich Text Format files for use in Avid FX. When you import a text file into
the Text window, all the style settings in the original file are retained.
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Tip: Instead of importing files, you paste text that is copied from another program.
To import a Rich Text Format file:
1. Click the Import File button.
2. In the Open dialog box, select a text file to import.
Working with the Text Window Tabs
The Text window tabs allow you to add effects to the text. The tabs include:
•
Style Tab on page 482
•
Page Tab on page 484
•
Fill Tab on page 485
•
Border Tab on page 485
•
Shadow Tab on page 486
Setting Styles
The Style tab allows you to set the font, size, and style of the text, in addition to the tracking,
leading and kerning of the characters.
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Font size menu
Style buttons
Font menu
Style tab
Fixed Width
option
Size buttons
Font buttons
The Font menu lists all fonts available on your system. You can also choose fonts from the
Style Palette. For more information, see “Font Styles” on page 454.
n
On Windows systems, the Font menu is a scrolling list.
To apply styles:
1. Select a font from the Font menu. Use the Font buttons to browse through the list of
available fonts. You can also view thumbnails of all fonts on your system in the Style
Palette—see “Font Styles” on page 454.
2. Select a size from the Font Size menu or type a custom font size. The Font Size menu
retains the three most recently used custom font sizes.
3. Select the Fixed Width option to force the selected text spacing to be the same even if
the letters change.
4. Click the Size button to increase or decrease the scale by 10 points.
This is useful if your text contains multiple font sizes and you want to scale all sizes up
or down equally. The Size buttons let you scale without changing the size of each
individual character.
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Alt-click the Size button to scale the size of the text characters by an integer of one. Shiftclick the Size button to scale the size of the text characters by an integer of 100.
5. To change the text style, select the characters you want to change.
6. Click one style button—see “Style Tab” on page 482.
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Certain styles (such as Italic) do not work if the selected font does not include these styles.
This is particularly true of symbol, dingbat, and Kanji fonts.
7. Click again to remove the style.
8. To align text horizontally, click a Justification button.
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Center Justification
Right Justification
Left Justification
Force Left Justification
Force Right justification
Force Center
An example of the various justification styles follows.
9. To change the spacing between the characters, enter a value in the Tracking field or
adjust the slider.
This parameter affects the text globally, regardless of which characters are currently
selected.
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Tracking is not animatable. If you want to create an animated tracking effect, use the
Tracking parameter in the Transform tab. For more information, see “Text Tracking and
Scaling” on page 433.
10. To adjust the kerning, select the characters and drag the slider.
You can also press the Alt key and the Left or Right Arrow keys to adjust this setting in
increments of one.
11. To adjust the leading, select the lines of text and drag the slider.
12. Set the Style Skew X to 50.
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13. Set the Style Skew Y to 50.
T
14. Adjust the Style Baseline to change the vertical position of the selected character(s) in
relation to the baseline of the text.
15. Adjust Style Scale X and Style Scale Y to set the scale of the selected character(s) along
the horizontal and vertical axis.
16. To adjust a complex text style, select Style Hue to shift the hue of all color values in the
text style an equal amount.
Style Hue is a downstream process in relation to the other color parameters in the Text
window. It does not change the individual values of the parameters it affects, but acts as
a filter affecting the final appearance of the overall text style.
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When you create a new text style, if Style Hue is not set to zero, color parameter
manipulations do not match the text appearance. You should leave Style Hue set to zero
when designing text styles. Then adjust Style Hue as a final step to avoid confusion.
For more information on animating style parameters, see “Text Tracking and Scaling” on
page 433.
Setting Up a Text Page
The Page tab lets you set the size of the text page and adjust the margins, which is useful
when creating text crawls or text scrolls.
Page tab
To create a text crawl:
1. Add text and style from the Style tab—see “Setting Styles” on page 402.
2. From the Page tab, select No Wrap from the Text Wrap menu.
3. Select the Right to Left Reading option.
To create a text scroll:
1. Add text and style from the Style tab—see “Setting Styles” on page 402.
2. From the Page tab, select Wrap from the Text Wrap menu.
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3. Adjust the Text Width, so that the line breaks at the end of each word.
4. Select the Top Down Text option.
Adding Fill
The Fill tab lets you set the fill and opacity of text and add gradients.
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Fill tab parameters do not apply to Text media used with the 3D Extrusion shape. Instead,
use the 3D Extrusion’s Materials tab to apply media or colors to the faces of the text. For
information, see “Applying Materials in 3D Space” on page 327.
Fill tab
To add fill to text:
1. Add text and style from the Style tab—see “Setting Styles” on page 402.
2. Select the Fill On option to activate fill.
3. Adjust the opacity of the fill using the Style Opacity field and slider.
4. From the Text Fill menu, select Color.
5. Select a color by clicking the color chip next to the Style Color parameter.
To add gradient fill to text:
1. Add text and style from the Style tab—see “Setting Styles” on page 402.
2. Select the Fill On option to activate fill.
3. Adjust the opacity of the fill using the Style Opacity field and slider.
4. Select Gradient tab in the Text Window.
5. Click the Gradient button.
The Gradient Editor displays.
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6. Adjust the gradient parameters and select the Live Update option, so that the Composite
window updates as you make changes to the Gradient Editor. Click OK. See “Creating
Gradients” on page 101.
For more information, see “Working with Title Containers” on page 422. For information on
animating gradients, see “To animate a color stop:” on page 111.
Apply Style button
To apply a color gradient from the Style Palette:
1. Click the Style Palette button.
2. Select a gradient from the Style Palette.
3. Click the Apply Style button.
Applying Borders
The Border tab lets you apply up to five different border styles to the edges of the text. The
parameters in this tab are used to create beveled or glowing text effects.
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The Border tab parameters do not apply to Text media used with the 3D Extrusion shape.
To animate text borders, create text without borders in the Text window. Apply and animate
borders using the parameters in the Border tab (Control window). For more information, see
“Adding Borders to Text” on page 434.
Border tab
To add borders to text:
1. Click one of the numbered Border Style tabs to create a new border style.
2. Select the checkbox next to the tab to apply the appropriate style.
3. Select one of the following options from the Position menu:
• Center places the border over the edges of the selected character(s), so half of the
border is on the inside of the text edges and half on the outside.
• Inside positions the border on the inside of the edges of the selected character(s).
• Outside positions the border on the outside of the edges of the selected character(s).
4. Click the Edge Color color chip to access the system color picker or use the eyedropper
to choose a color from the screen.
5. Adjust the Edge Width to set the width of the border.
6. Set Edge Opacity to a value between 0 (transparent) to 100 (opaque).
7. Choose one of the options from the Edge Style menu to control the style of the border.
Each style has its own controls.
• Plain: If you choose this option, continue with the next step.
• Bevel: If you choose this option, continue with step 9.
• Radial: If you choose this option, continue with step 12.
8. Adjust the Edge Softness to soften the edge of the border.
A value of 0 creates a border with a hard edge. Raise this value to increasingly soften the
border.
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9. Set the Highlight Color to adjust the color of the lightest parts of the bevel.
10. Set the Shade Color to adjust the color of the darkest parts of the bevel.
11. Set the Highlight Angle to change the angle between the highlights and the horizontal
axis.
12. Adjust the Outside Color to set the color of the soft edges of the border.
13. Adjust the Radial Fade to control the opacity of the outer edge of the border. A value of
0 makes the outer edge opaque, and 100 makes the outer edge transparent.
14. Adjust the Edge Softness to soften the edges of the glowing border.
A value of 0 creates a border with a hard edge. Raise this value to increasingly soften the
border.
Applying Shadow to Text
The Shadow tab lets you apply up to five different shadows to the selected text.
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Shadow tab
The Shadow tab parameters do not have tracks in the timeline and are not animated. If you
want to animate text shadows, create text without shadows in the Text window. You can then
apply and animate shadows using the Controls window, Shadow tab.
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The Shadow tab parameters do not apply to Text media used with the 3D Extrusion shape.
Instead, use the 3D Extrusion’s Shadow tab to apply shadows to the text. For more
information, see “Adding Shadows” on page 315.
To add shadow to text:
1. Click one of the numbered Shadow Style tabs to create a new shadow style.
2. Select the checkbox next to the tab to apply the style to the selected text.
3. Choose a Shadow Type from the menu.
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Tip: A static title that uses 2D text with solid shadows is faster to render than 3D text created
with the 3D Extrusion shape.
4. Click the color chip to access the system color picker or use the eyedropper to choose a
color from the screen.
5. Adjust the Shadow Distance to set the distance between the shadow and the text.
6. Move the Shadow Opacity slider to adjust the opacity.
7. Adjust the Shadow Softness to slightly blur the edges of the shadows.
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
8. Rotate the Shadow Angle to adjust the angle between the shadow and the horizontal axis
of the text.
9. If you set the Shadow type to Solid shadows, set the Highlight Color to vary the color of
the highlighted areas of the shadow.
10. Set the Shade Color to adjust the color of the shaded areas of the shadow.
For more information on the Shadow parameters, see “Shadow Tab Parameters” on
page 479.
Creating a Text Template
Add Text Track button
The Insert Text command replaces text in a template you create within
Avid FX. Insert Text allows you to easily update Avid FX text pages with text created in
standard word processing programs, preserving the Avid FX text styles, leading, and
kerning.
To use the Insert Text command, first create a text template in Avid FX. The template in this
example is a Credit roll.
To create a credit roll template:
1. Create a new composition by selecting Composition > New Composition.
2. Select the Video 2 track and rename it Background.
3. Set the source media for the Background track to Color.
4. Select the Video 1 track and set its source media to Text.
The Text window opens.
5. Type the letter “x” fifteen times.
6. Select the text and set the font size to 24 points with Left justification.
7. With the text selected, select the Color tab in the Text window and select a Style Color.
8. Select the Page tab in the Text window. Choose Wrap from the Text Wrap menu.
9. Close the Text window.
10. Select the Video 1 track and choose Edit > Duplicate Track. Duplicate the Track three
times.
11. Rename the four duplicated tracks.
For this example we are naming the tracks: Edited by, Editor, Produced by, and Starring.
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Using the Text Window
12. Open a track in the Text window and do the following:
• Select the text.
• Select the Color tab and set the Style Color.
• Click the Update button to apply the changes and close the Text window.
13. Select the Starring track and choose Track > New Shape > 3D Plane or click the Add
3D Plane button in the timeline.
A new track appears beneath the Produced by track.
14. Rename this track Producers.
15. Change the media for the Producers track to Text.
16. In the Text window, do the following:
• Type the letter “x” fifteen times.
• Press Return and create two more lines with fifteen “x”s.
• Select the Page tab, and choose Wrap from the Text Wrap menu.
• Click the Update button and close the Text window
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The text retains the size and color attributes as the previous text track.
17. Select the Background track and click the Add Text Track button in the timeline
A new track appears beneath the Starring track.
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
18. Rename this track Stars.
19. In the Text window, do the following:
• Type the letter “x” twenty times.
• Press Return.
• On the second line, type the letter “x” twenty more times.
• Click the Update button.
• Close the Text window.
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Because text lines have not been positioned, they initially appear on top of each other in the
Composite window.
20. Select the Edited by track and set the following in the Position tab (Controls window):
• Position X: 300
• Position Y: 60
• Interpolation type: Hold (for both parameters)
21. Select the Editor track and set the following:
• Position X: 350
• Position Y: 100
• Interpolation type: Hold (for both parameters)
22. Select the Produced by track and set the following:
• Position X: 300
• Position Y: 170
• Interpolation type: Hold (for both parameters)
23. Select the Producers track and set the following:
• Position X: 350
• Position Y: 243
• Interpolation type: Hold (for both parameters)
24. Select the Starring track and set the following:
• Position X: 300
• Position Y: 325
• Interpolation type: Hold (for both parameters)
25. Select the Stars track and set the following:
• Position X: 350
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Using the Text Window
• Position Y: 380
• Interpolation type: Hold (for both parameters)
Your Composite window should now look like this:
26. Shift-click to select all of the tracks in the timeline except the Background track and
select Track > New 3D Container.
A new Container track appears as the top track in your timeline with the selected tracks
nested within it.
27. Select File > Save Project As.
28. Name the project Credits Template.
Creating Text in a Word Processing Program
After making the Avid FX text template, you can use a standard word processing program to
create text for inserting into the template. When using word processing programs, such as
Microsoft Word, to create a text document, do not save it in Word format. Save your
document as a text document.
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Use a word processing program that supports tab characters. When typing text to insert into
an Avid FX template, press the Return key between lines of text that will appear on the same
Avid FX track. Press the Tab key before a line of text that appears on the following Avid FX
track.
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
To create text in a word processing program:
1. In a word processing program, type the following:
Edited by <TAB> Alison Smith<TAB> Produced by <TAB> Will Jones<RETURN>
Catherine Adams<RETURN>
Susan Vose<TAB> Starring <TAB> Jeanine Brennan<RETURN>
Sam Hegg<TAB>
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The text after <TAB> characters is inserted onto the next Avid FX track in your template.
The text after <RETURN> characters appears on the same Avid FX track, on a new line.
2. Using the Save As command, save the page you created as a Text document.
Inserting Text into an Avid FX Text Template
Use the following procedure to add text using templates.
To insert text into an Avid FX text template:
1. Open the saved Credits template by choosing File > Open Project. Navigate to the folder
where you saved the Credit Template project.
2. Select the 3D Container track and Right-click the track.
From the context menu that appears, choose Insert Text.
3. Navigate to the text page you created in your word processing program.
4. Click Open.
5. The text you typed replaces the “x”s in your Credit Template. The text colors,
positioning, size and other attributes are retained.
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Working with the Text Tool
Working with the Text Tool
Avid FX lets you create text using two different methods. Instead of creating text in the Text
window, you can use the Text tool to type text directly over the image in the Composite
window. Or you can create text in the Text window.
The Text tool lets you accurately position text over a background image. You can use the
Style Palette or the parameters in the Controls window to format the text—see “Formatting
Text Created with the Text Tool” on page 419. You can also use the Text tool to paste text
copied from another program.
The Text tool is available from the Tool window. When you create text with the Text tool, a
new Text track appears at the top of the timeline. The new Text track offers the same controls
as any other Text track.
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If you have the Face track selected for a non-Text track, the Text tool is dimmed. The Text
tool supports English characters, as well as Japanese, Chinese, and Korean.
Solid Arrow
tool
Text tool
To access the Text tool:
•
Select Window > Show Tool Window or press Ctrl+6.
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
Using the Text Tool
When using the Text tool to create text, the text appears in the Composite window with the
last used text style, and a new Text track appears at the top of the timeline.
A small square, called the Baseline Indicator, shows the text baseline and justification. The
Baseline Indicator only appears if you selected the Snap to Grid or Snap to Guide option.
For more information, see “Using Grids and Guides” on page 55 and “Using Grids and
Guides” on page 55.
Also, the default shape that you set in the Preferences window is used when creating text.
You can change the shape at any time by clicking the Shape icon on the track and choosing a
new shape.
Text tool button
To add text to an effect:
1. Select Window > Show Tool Window to open the Tool window, or press Ctrl+6.
2. Select the Text tool or press T.
3. Click in the Composite window where you want to add text and begin typing.
Baseline Indicator shows the
text baseline and indicates the
text is left justified.
The text appears in the Composite window with the last used text style. A new Text
track appears at the top of the timeline.
Repositioning Text
Once you have created some text, you may want to reposition it in the Composite window.
Solid Arrow button
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Working with the Text Tool
To reposition the text:
1. In the Tool window, select the Solid Arrow tool.
2. In the timeline, select the text’s Face track.
3. In the Composite window, select the text and drag it to a new location.
Editing Text Using the Text Tool
You can edit text that was created with the Text tool by using the Text tool to select the
appropriate characters.
You can also edit the text in the Text window. For more information, see “Formatting Text in
the Text Window” on page 420.
Kerning Text
Kerning adjusts the spacing, in pixels, between the selected characters without affecting the
text globally.
Text tool button
To adjust the kerning:
1. Select the characters using the Text tool.
2. Press the Alt key and the Left or Right Arrow keys to adjust this setting in increments of
one.
Formatting Text Created with the Text Tool
There are three methods for formatting text created with the Text tool. You can use the
parameters in the Controls window, the Style Palette, or the Text window.
Formatting Text with the Controls Window
Unlike the parameters in the Text window, the Text Media Control parameters apply to the
text globally. In addition, these parameters have tracks in the timeline that you can animate.
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
To format text:
1. In the timeline, select the Text Face track to view the Text Media Control tabs in the
Controls window.
2. Use the parameters in the Transform, Fill, Border and Shadow tabs to apply styles to all
the characters in the text—see “Working with Title Containers” on page 422.
Formatting Text with the Style Palette
You can apply styles from the Style Palette to individual characters or to the entire text track.
These parameters do not have tracks in the timeline, so they cannot be animated. For
information on the Style Palette, see “Applying Text Styles” on page 460.
To format text using the Style Palette:
1. Select Window > Show Style Palette or by pressing Ctrl+7.
2. To apply styles to all the characters in the text, select the Text track in the timeline.
Select a style from the Style Palette.
3. To apply styles to individual characters, use the Text tool to select characters in the
Composite window. Select a style from the Style Palette.
Formatting Text in the Text Window
You can open the text in the Text window to format individual characters or the entire text
track. These parameters do not have tracks in the timeline, so they cannot be animated. For
more information, see “Adding Effects to Text” on page 432.
To format text:
1. Double-click the Text track to edit the text in the Text window. This allows you to apply
different styles to individual characters.
Text track
2. Use the Text window parameters to adjust the characters.
3. Click the Update button when you’re finished and close the Text window.
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Working with the Text Tool
Justifying Text Created with the Text Tool
When you use the Text tool to create text, the text uses the justification of the last used text
style. You can change this using the Justification buttons in the Text window or the
Transform tab.
To access the Justification buttons in the Text window:
•
Double-click the text’s Shape track.
To access the Justification buttons in the Transform tab:
•
Select the text’s Face track and click the Transform tab in the Controls window.
The text is justified from where you first start typing.
In the following example, the text was left justified when it was typed. Although it appears
centered in the Composite window, the Baseline Indicator shows that the text is actually left
justified. When the justification is changed to center justified, the text is centered around that
point, so it moves to the left.
Indicates Left
justification
Indicates Center
justification
Justification affects the text differently depending on whether Word Wrap is on. If Word
Wrap is on, the text justifies within the Composite window. If Word Wrap is off, then the
text justifies within the text box, but the text page is still centered within the Composite
window. You can enable Word Wrap in the Transform tab or in the Text window. For more
information, see “Setting Up a Text Page” on page 406 and “Text Tracking and Scaling” on
page 433.
Justification also affects the Tracking parameter. For more information, see “Text Tracking
and Scaling” on page 433.
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
Working with Title Containers
Add Title Container button
Title containers enable you to easily animate one or more text tracks. The title container
keyframes the text tracks within to roll or crawl across the screen, zoom in, fade up and
down, or shuffle on and off the screen. This container aligns and animates the title pages so
that you do not have to set keyframes in the timeline. You can also manually adjust the
keyframes set by the title container for precise control over the effect.
To create a title container:
•
Select Track > New Title Container or click the Add Title Container button in the
timeline.
The Title Container track appears in the timeline. Drag one or more text tracks into the
title container to animate them.
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Avid FX also offers 3D Containers for animating tracks independently (at the track level),
then applying parameters and animations globally to all the tracks within the container (at
the container level). For more information, see “Types of Containers” on page 239.
Optimizing Text Animations
To optimize the performance of your text animations:
•
Use the Text window to position the text and avoid using the Text track’s Position tab.
Text animations render more slowly if the text page is not aligned with the output, and
that can easily happen if you make adjustments in the Position tab.
•
If you are rendering over a solid color, use the Color Background setting in the Title
Container’s Render tab instead of creating a separate Background track.
•
To reduce flicker when rendering fields as frames, it is faster to use the 1:2:1 Deflicker
option in the Title Container’s Render tab than the 1:2:1 Deflicker option in the
Preferences tab. Select only one of these options to avoid excessive blurring.
•
Use the 3D Plane shape rather than the 3D Line Art shape when working with large
amounts of text or with text that does not scale.
Creating Text Animation
The basic workflow for creating a title animation, such as a credit roll:
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Working with Title Containers
1. Create title pages by setting the track media type to Text.
The Text window opens. You can type, import, and edit text, and control font, size,
justification, color, opacity, spacing, shadows, and borders. The parameters in the Text
window are applied on a per character basis—see “Creating a Text Effect” on page 397.
2. Create a title container. Drag one or more title pages into the title container to animate
them.
Use the controls in the Animation tab to apply an animation type to the text tracks in the title
container.
Optimizing Workflow for Credit Rolls
When you work with large amounts of text, consider the following workflow options:
•
Create a single text document in a word processing application. Avid FX imports RTF or
Simple Text document, or you can cut and paste text. Then format the text in the Text
window.
•
Use a single page document if your credit rolls require little editing. If your credit rolls
have sections that change each week, use multiple text pages; one page for unchanged
information and additional pages for frequently changed information.
•
Use individual pages for credit rolls that change significantly each time. Then update
each page as needed.
Save the styles that you use for your credit roll in the Style Palette. Then you can quickly
format long credit rolls.
Animating Text
When animating text, you can create rolls, crawls, fades, zooms, and shuffles. You will be
using the Animation tab (Controls window), which contains parameters for controlling the
movement of the text tracks in the title container. For more information on the Animation tab
parameters, see “Animation Tab Parameters” on page 465.
c
The Title Container’s Position controls override the nested Shape tracks’ position
controls. The Title Container centers any track inside it, so any positioning you applied
to a track before placing it in the container is lost. Adjust a track’s position by using
the Position settings in the Title Container.
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
Creating a Roll
A roll typically contains the titles or credits of a program. You can create a traditional roll in
which a title moves from the bottom of the screen to the top. A roll moves all of the tracks in
the title container up the screen in the order they appear in the container.
To create a roll:
1. Create the text to roll in a Title Container—see “Creating Text Animation” on page 422.
2. Select the Maintain Speed option to manually adjust the speed of the tracks.
n
Otherwise, Avid FX adjusts the Speed to fit the number of tracks in the title container and the
duration of the effect when Animation Style is set to Roll.
3. Adjust the Position X to offset the rolled titles to the left or right.
The roll sets keyframes for Position Y in the timeline to move each track across the
screen.
4. Adjust the Mask Top to set the distance of the mask at the top edge of the frame that
hides the text as it rolls.
5. Adjust the Mask Bottom to set the distance of the mask at the bottom edge of the frame
that hides the text as it rolls.
6. Adjust the Blend Top to soften the edges of the mask allowing the titles to fade out, in
the masked region.
7. Adjust the Blend Bottom to soften the edges of the mask allowing the titles to fade in, in
the masked region.
8. To reverse direction of the roll, select the Reverse Direction option.
Rolling text with a blended mask.
Time 00:00:01:00
n
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Time 00:00:02:00
You cannot animate the Speed, Mask, and Blend settings and they do not have corresponding
tracks in the timeline.
Working with Title Containers
Creating a Crawl
A crawl moves all the tracks in the Title Container horizontally across the screen in the order
that they appear in the Title Container.
To create a crawl:
1. Create the text to crawl in a Title Container—see “Creating Text Animation” on
page 422.
2. Select the Maintain Speed option to manually adjust the Speed of the tracks. Speed has
no affect if Maintain Speed is deselected. Speed pix/sec adjusts the speed at which each
track crawls across the screen.
3. Adjust Position Y to offset the crawled titles upward or downward.
The crawl sets keyframes for Position X in the timeline to move each track across the
screen.
4. Adjust Mask Left to set the distance of the mask at the left edge of the frame that hides
the text as it crawls.
5. Adjust Mask Right to set the distance of the mask at the right edge of the frame that
hides the text as it crawls.
6. Adjust Blend Left to soften the edges of the mask allowing the titles to fade out, in the
masked region.
7. Adjust Blend Right to soften the edges of the mask allowing the titles to fade in, in the
masked region.
8. To reverse the direction of the crawl, select the Reverse Direction option.
The following illustration shows rolling text with blended mask applied.
Rolling text with blended mask.
The Page 1 track appears above the Page 2 track in the container
(in the timeline), so Page 1 appears first in the crawl.
Time 00:00:01:00
Time 00:00:02:00
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
n
You cannot animate Speed, Mask, and Blend settings; so these parameters do not have
corresponding tracks in the timeline.
Creating a Fade
A fade gradually brings in or out all the tracks in the order they appear in the Title Container.
If you adjust settings in the Control window, you set Opacity keyframes in the text tracks
allowing you to easily control the duration of the fades.
To create a fade in or out:
1. Create the text to fade in a Title Container—see “Creating Text Animation” on
page 422.
2. Select the Maintain Hold Frames option to manually adjust the number of Hold
Frames. When Animation Style is set to Fade, Avid FX adjusts the number of Hold
Frames to fit the number of tracks in the Title Container and the duration of the effect.
3. Animate opacity by changing the In Rate setting.
The Opacity value ranges from 100 to 0.
4. Animate opacity by changing the Out Rate setting
The Opacity value ranges from 100 to 0.
5. Set Cross Rate to determine the number of frames each track overlaps the following
track. A value of 0 causes each track to fade out completely before the following track
fades in.
6. Increase Cross Rate to increase the number of frames in which the tracks overlap.
7. Animate Position X and Y to offset the tracks or move them as they fade. This sets the
coordinates of the container’s center point. By default, the fade centers all tracks in the
Title Container.
Creating a Zoom
A zoom magnifies each track in the order it appears in the Title Container. As you adjust
settings in the Controls window, you scale keyframes in the text tracks to control the
duration of the zoom.
To create a zoom:
1. Create the text to zoom in a Title Container—see “Creating Text Animation” on
page 422.
2. Select the Maintain Hold Frames option to manually adjust the number of Hold
Frames.
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Working with Title Containers
Hold Frames controls the number of frames each track remains at full Scale after it
zooms in. When Animation Style is set to Zoom, Avid FX adjusts the number of Hold
Frames to fit the number of tracks in the title container and the duration of the effect.
3. Set the number of frames each track takes to zoom in by changing the In Rate setting.
The Scale value ranges from 100 to 0.
4. Set the number of frames each track takes to zoom out by changing the Out Rate setting
The Scale value ranges from 100 to 0.
5. Set Cross Rate to determine the number of frames each track overlaps the following
track. A value of 0 causes each track to zoom out completely before the following track
zooms in.
6. Increase Cross Rate to increase the number of frames in which the tracks overlap.
n
You cannot animate the In Rate, Out Rate, and Cross Rate settings, therefore, these
parameters do not have corresponding tracks in the timeline.
7. Animate Position X and Y to offset the tracks or move them as they zoom.
This sets the coordinates of the container’s center point. By default, the zoom centers all
tracks in the Title Container.
Creating a Shuffle
A shuffle creates an effect similar to a roll or crawl. Each track quickly moves on screen
(movement can be horizontal or vertical), then remains stationary for an interval, and then
quickly moves offscreen.
To create a shuffle:
1. Create the text to shuffle in a Title Container—see “Creating Text Animation” on
page 422.
2. From the Direction menu, select one of the following:
• Horizontal moves tracks from left to right along the X axis.
• Vertical moves tracks from top to bottom along the Y axis.
3. To reverse the direction of the shuffle, select Reverse Direction.
4. Select Maintain Hold Frames to manually adjust the number of Hold Frames (number of
frames each track remains stationary after the title move in).
When Animation Style is set to Shuffle, Avid FX adjusts the number of Hold Frames to
fit the number of tracks in the Title Container and the duration of the effect.
5. Set the number of frames each track takes to move to the center of the Container by
changing the In Rate setting.
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
6. Set the number of frames each track takes to move offscreen from the center of the
Container by changing the Out Rate setting.
7. Set Cross Rate to determine the number of frames each track overlaps the following
track. A value of 0 causes each track to move offscreen completely before the following
track moves on.
8. Increase Cross Rate to increase the number of frames in which the tracks overlap.
9. Animate Position X and Y to offset the tracks or move them as they move in or out.
This sets the coordinates of the container’s center point. By default, the shuffle centers
all tracks in the Title Container.
Adding a Motion Blur
Motion blur creates a realistic blur effect on your text when you animate its movement,
simulating the effect of shooting a moving object on film. The blur is most pronounced when
the text moves quickly and when it rotates or spins through space, and more subtle when the
text moves slowly. Motion blur has no affect if the text is static.
Adding motion blur can make the motion of animated tracks appear smoother and more
natural. The controls in this tab do not affect motion within the media; the motion blur tab
creates a blur based on the motion of the Shape track or container.
Motion Blur is a very processor-intensive feature. You might want to turn motion blur off
while you work, then enable it just before rendering.
n
You can use the Global Motion Blur button to toggle the visibility of motion blur on and off
for all tracks in the timeline. For more information, see “The Timeline Buttons and Timecode
Area” on page 30.
To create a motion blur:
1. Create the text for the motion blur in a Title Container—see “Creating Text Animation”
on page 422.
2. From the Motion Blur tab (Controls window), select the Enable Motion Blur option.
3. Increase or decrease the Shutter Angle. Increasing the angle gives you a wider blur and
vice versa.
4. Set the Smoothness depending on how smooth you want the motion blur.
5. From the Apply Motion Blur to menu, select one of the following:
• 3D Planes - Motion only: Applies motion blur to the motion of any 3D Plane track in
the container, but not to the lights or shadows or to any synthetic media or filters on
the Face of the 3D Plane track.
• All Shapes: Applies motion blur to all Shape tracks in the container.
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Working with Title Containers
• Container, Faces, and Filters: Applies motion blur to the entire container.
6. Select the Use Adaptive Motion Blur for 3D Planes option to reduce rendering time for
effects that move slowly and then quickly offscreen.
n
The 3D Planes – Motion Only option must be selected in the Apply Motion Blur to menu.
For details on the Motion Blur parameters, see “Motion Blur Tab Parameters” on page 475.
Adding Shadows
You can create drop shadows behind the text as it moves in 3D space.
Drop Shadow button
To add shadows to text:
1. Create text in a Title Container—see “Creating Text Animation” on page 422.
2. From the Motion Blur tab (Controls window), do one of the following:
• Select the Shadow On option.
• Click the Drop Shadow button.
3. Set the Distance that the shadow is offset from the image.
4. Set the Opacity of the shadow. A value of 100 give an opaque shadow; 0 gives a
transparent shadow.
5. Set the Softness of the shadow. A lower value give a shadow in a hard light; a higher
value gives a diffuse shadow.
6. Set the Color the shadow.
7. Set the Angle of the shadow. A value of 0 degrees places the shadow to the right of the
text; a value of 90 places it beneath the text.
For details on the Shadow tab parameters, see “Shadow Tab Parameters” on page 478.
Adding a Color Background
You can add a solid color background to the effect and control flickering.
To add a color background:
1. Create text in a Title Container—see “Creating Text Animation” on page 422.
2. From the Render tab (Controls window), select the Color Background option.
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3. To set the background color, click the color chip to access the system color picker or use
the eyedropper to choose a color from the screen.
4. Select the 1:2:1 Deflicker option to apply a vertical blur to the effect, eliminating
flickering in rolls and reducing jagged edges.
n
Do not also set the 1:2:1 Deflicker option in the Preferences window.
For details on the Render tab parameters, see “Render Tab Parameters” on page 478.
n
If you are rendering over a solid color, use the Color Background setting in the Title
Container’s Render tab instead of creating a separate background track. This will speed
your rendering.
Compositing Text
The Composite tab provides parameters that select an apply mode, adjust various mix
controls, and composite the text tracks over other objects.
For details on the Composite tab parameters, see “Composite Tab Parameters” on page 468.
Adding Headers and Footers
When a Text track is placed inside a Title Container, the Shape track has an additional shape
control tab, the Page tab. This tab lets you add headers and footers to text pages. The Page
Header and Page Footer add space above and below the selected text page. This value is
expressed in pixels. This tab is available whether the text uses the 3D Plane, 3D Line Art or
3D Extrusion shape.
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Converting a Text Track into a Container
Converting a Text Track into a Container
Converting a single text track into a container puts each individual character into its own
track, which lets you easily position each element separately. Then you can simultaneously
animate individual characters at the track level and animate the entire text at the container
level.
The X was rotated and lowered.
The container was spun.
You can convert imported Illustrator EPS files or Photoshop PSD files into their original
layers, as well as converting spline objects. For more information, see “Importing Layered
Photoshop Files” on page 147 and “Converting Spline Objects to a Container” on page 545.
To convert a text track into a container:
•
Select the text track and select Track > Convert to Container.
Each character in the effect appears on its own text track. These tracks are placed within
a 3D container.
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You can now animate each character individually by animating that character’s Media
and/or Shape track. You can also animate the entire text effect by animating the
container.
Adding Effects to Text
When you select the Text track or Text Face track in the Timeline, the Text Media control
tabs appear in the Controls window. These tabs allow you to animate the text, put the text on
a path, create type-on or jitter animation, randomize the text, and create text backdrops.
When you work with the 3D Plane shape, the Text track is nested inside the Face track,
which includes a Mask track for creating upstream masks. For more information, see
“Upstream and Downstream Filters” on page 174.
When you work with the 3D Line Art shape, there is no Face track. The 3D Line Art shape
does not have a Mask track nested in the Face track. Therefore, you cannot create upstream
masks for any composition that uses the 3D Line Art shape.
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Adding Effects to Text
When you work with the 3D Line Art shape, the Transformations tracks do not include a
track that corresponds to the Layer tab. The parameters in this tab are not available when you
work with the 3D Line Art shape.
n
To export text as Flash, you must use the 3D Line Art shape.
You can drag Text tracks into Mask tracks to quickly create masks or transitions. For more
information, see “Applying a Mask to a Track” on page 180.
Text Tracking and Scaling
You can adjust the tracking and scaling of the text as a whole. Tracking works differently
depending on whether the text was created using the Text tool or in the Text window. If
created with the Text tool, set the justification in the Transform tab. If created in the Text
window, center justification is applied.
If animation is applied to text created with the Text tool, the text tracks to the left. If
animation is applied to text created in the Text window, the text tracks in both directions.
To adjust the tracking and scaling of text:
1. Select the Text track in the timeline and display the Face track.
2. From the Transform tab (Controls window), set the Tracking for the horizontal spacing
between characters.
3. Use the Leading controls to set the spacing between multiple lines of text.
4. Use the Scale controls to set the scale of the text along the horizontal and vertical axes.
To make the text track like text created with the Text tool:
1. Select the text with the Text tool and move it slightly.
2. Set the justification in the Transform tab.
For more detailed information on the Transform tab parameters, see Adding a Rectangular
Backdrop on page 447.
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Setting Text Fill and Opacity
You can set the text fill and opacity to determine the fill type and its transparency. When you
use the parameters in the Fill tab (Controls window), they apply to all characters and are
animatable. If you want to apply a different fill type to individual character, use the Fill
parameters in the Text window. For information, see “Adding Fill” on page 407.
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If you are using the 3D Extrusion shape with text media, then only the Fill Color parameter
available. Instead, use the 3D Extrusion’s Materials tab to apply media or colors to the
faces of the text. For information, see “Applying Materials in 3D Space” on page 327.
You can also map media to the face(s) of text. For information, see “Working with Title
Containers” on page 422.
To set the fill:
1. Select the Text track in the timeline and display the Face track.
2. From the Fill tab (Controls window), select the Fill On option.
3. From the Blend menu, select an Apply mode to determine how the fill is blended if there
is any overlap other characters—see Apply Modes in the Avid FX Reference Guide.
4. Use the Fill Opacity controls to set the transparency of the fill.
5. Use the Fill Color controls to select a color from the system color picker or use the
eyedropper to select a color from the screen.
For more detailed information on the Fill tab parameters, see “Fill Tab” on page 485.
Adding Borders to Text
The Border tab options let you add border effects to the text. You can apply up to five
different border styles to the edges of the text, and create beveled or glowing text effects.
The parameters in the Border tab apply to all characters in the Text track. To apply different
borders to each character, use the Text window Border parameters. For information, see
“Applying Borders” on page 408.
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Adding Effects to Text
Border Style
tabs
For detailed information on the Border tab parameters, see “Border Tab Parameters” on
page 465.
Adding a Motion Path
After you’ve created text, you can wrap it around a spline object and then animate it.
Track Selector button
To create text on a path:
1. Create a text track—see “Creating a Text Effect” on page 397.
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Make sure Text Wrap is set to No Wrap. For more information, see “Setting Up a Text Page”
on page 406.
2. Select the Text track in the timeline.
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3. Click the Track Selector button in the Controls window or press F.
The text media control tabs appear in the Controls window.
4. In the Path tab, select the Make Path Track.
A Path track appears in the timeline.
5. Select the Path track in the timeline.
The Tool window opens.
6. Select a tool and draw a spline in the Composite window.
These examples show an oval drawn with the Oval tool.
7. The Composite window updates, showing the text wrapped around the spline object in
the Path track.
8. Use the parameters in the Path tab to animate the text on the path—see “Path Tab
Parameters” on page 476.
You can now adjust any of the text parameters as you would any other text media.
Creating Type-On Animation
You can create an animated typewritten effect, giving text the appearance of a typewriter
typing each letter, word, or line. You can specify the direction of the animation and how
much of the text is visible.
To create a type-on animation:
1. Select the Text track in the timeline and display the Face track.
2. In the Type-On tab (Controls window), select an option from the Apply To menu:
• Letter to apply the effect to individual characters.
• Word to apply the effect to individual words.
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Adding Effects to Text
• Line to apply the effect to individual lines.
3. From the Order menu, select one of the following:
• Forward to type the text from left to right.
• Reverse to type the text from right to left.
• Random to type the text randomly.
4. Select the Text Type On option and adjust the percentage that the text is visible in each
frame.
For detailed information on the Type-On parameters, see Type-On Tab Parameters on page
489.
Randomizing Text
The Jitter tab allows you to randomize text parameters including Position, Angle, Scale, Hue
and Opacity. The Jitter parameters are expressed as a percentage and are applied to
individual text characters. If you want to jitter the border and fill of text separately, you need
to create two tracks, one with border and one with fill. You can also add these parameters in
the Type On tab. For more information, see “Creating Type-On Animation” on page 436.
The Jitter tab is available for text using the 3D Plane, 3D Line Art Shape, or 3D Extrusion
shapes.
Track Selector button
To randomize text:
1. Select the Face track by clicking the Track Selector button or pressing F.
2. Use the Jitter Seed controls to control the amount of jitter from frame to frame.
3. Use the Jitter Speed controls to set the speed of the jitter.
4. Use the Jitter Position parameters to randomize the text characters on the X and Y axes.
5. Set the Jitter Angle to randomize the angle of the text characters.
6. Set the Jitter Scale to randomize the scale of the text characters.
7. Set the Restrictions for the jitter by selecting one of the following options:
• None: Does not restrict jitter.
• Positive Only: Restricts the parameters to only allow values that are higher than the
original.
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• Negative Only: Restricts the parameters to only allow values that are lower than the
original.
8. Use the Polarize controls to alternate the jitter parameters for characters. At higher
values, every other character alternates.
9. Set the Master Jitter amount to scale all jitter parameters globally.
For detailed information on the Jitter tab parameters, see “Jitter Tab Parameters” on page
473.
Generating Random Text
When generating random text or numbers, you can lock each letter or number in position
regardless of changes made to neighboring characters.
To generate random text:
1. From the Generator Type menu, select User Text.
2. To add offset to each character, set Letter Variation to values higher than 0.
3. From the Variation menu, select one of the following to vary the appearance of the text:
• Alphabetical Text uses only alphabetical characters offset by the Letter Variation
amount.
Original
Alphabetical Text
• Random Text uses only alphabetical characters but the characters are randomized.
• Random User Text uses only the alphabetical characters that are included in the
original user text. Uses only a, b, c, d, e, g, h, i, l, n, p, r, s, and t.
• Style Shift uses the original user text but randomizes the styles that are applied to
each character from left to right. Use multiple styles.
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Adding Effects to Text
• Random Style is similar to Style Shift except that it randomizes the styles instead of
moving from left to right. Use multiple styles.
• Style Shuffle randomly shuffles the styles assigned to each character to that of
another style used in the Text window. Use multiple styles.
• Style by Word looks at the style of the first letter of each word and assigns that style
to entire words at random.
• Style by Line looks at the style of the first letter of each line and assigns that style to
entire lines at random.
• Style Shuffle by Word looks at the style of the first letter of each word and shuffles
that style with other words.
• Style Shuffle by Line looks at the style of the first letter of each line and shuffles that
style with other lines.
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When you experiment with the choices in the Variation Mode menu, it is helpful to scrub
Letter Variation to see how the animated text varies.
4. Set a percentage by moving the Progress slider.
The amount is animatable so you can achieve the popular effect of letters flipping until
your word forms.
5. From the Progress menu, select one of the following to set the direction of progress:
• Left to Right
• Right to Left
• Random
6. Type a value or move the Repeat slider to create longer text strings.
The range is from 1 to 1000. At a value of 1, the text appears once. Don’t forget line
feeds to avoid hitting the horizontal text size limit. This parameter is also animatable.
7. Type a value or move the Loop slider to determine which character starts the line.
Animate this parameter to make the characters appear to crawl in place.
8. Vary the characters from frame to frame by moving the Scramble Characters slider.
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For detailed information on the Generator tab parameters, see “Generator Tab Parameters”
on page 469.
Setting Generated Text
Generated text ignores user input except for style properties. The idea is to mimic large
bodies of text (sometimes called Greek text in page layout programs) or to create design
elements and background with text shapes.
To create text design elements:
1. From the Generator Type menu, select Generated Text.
2. Animate Random Seed to randomize the change of the text characters from frame to
frame.
3. To set a character line length, enter a value in the Line Length parameter.
4. Type a value or move the Line Count slider to set the number of lines.
5. To add word breaks, enter a value in the Word Break field. A value of 10 does not create
word breaks. Lesser values create word breaks.
6. From the Character Type menu, select one of the following:
• Upper Case displays all upper case letters.
• Lower Case displays all lower case letters.
• Mixed Case displays a random mix of upper and lower case letters.
• Capital Words displays words with the initial letter capitalized.
• Numbers randomly displays numbers.
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Adding Effects to Text
• Non Alpha randomly displays only non-alpha-numeric characters such as
punctuation marks and symbols.
• All Printable randomly displays all the characters on the keyboard, with randomly
mixed cases.
• User Text Characters randomly displays only the characters that appeared in the
Text window.
7. To vary characters from frame to frame, enter a value in Scramble Letters.
For detailed information on the Generator tab parameters, see “Generator Tab Parameters”
on page 469.
Setting Random Numbers
You can generate random numbers on the screen. However, when you do this, user input is
ignored except for style properties.
To apply random numbers:
1. From the Generator Type menu, select Random Numbers.
2. Animate Random Seed to randomly vary the numbers from frame to frame.
3. Adjust Precision to set the number of digits after decimal point. A setting of 0 generates
whole numbers. A setting higher than 0 sets the numbers appearing after the decimal
point.
4. Set the Field size to the quantity of positions for numbers including plus or minus signs.
Spaces are used in the left of the number if not all positions are used.
5. Select the Show Plus option to display a plus (+) sign before the number.
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6. Select the Leading Zeros option to display zeros before the number. Allow Negative
checkbox allows negative numbers.
7. Select the Scramble Letters option to randomly vary the numbers from frame to frame.
For detailed information on the Generator tab parameters, see “Generator Tab Parameters”
on page 469.
Generating Numbers
Choose Numbers from the Generator Type menu. Numbers acts similar to Random Numbers
except that Numeric Value replaces Random Seed so that the numbers are animated
sequentially.
The Negative check box is not included because the Numeric Value parameter has a negative
range as well as positive. The range of this parameter is –64,000 to 64,000.
Follow the procedure “Setting Random Numbers” on page 441 and replace Numeric Value
in step 2.
Adding the Date and Time
Choosing Date/Time displays the current date and time from your system. All time-based
parameters are combined in this tab, so that you have more flexibility in building your time
format.
To generate date/time:
1. From the Generator Type menu, select Date/Time.
2. Set the desired date and format parameters.
3. From the Date Format menu, select a format for the date.
4. From the Date Separator menu, select Slash, Dash, and Dot to separate the elements.
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If the Short Date option is not selected, this parameter has no affect.
5. Adjust Numeric Time to animate the date and time on the screen.
6. Set Start Year to start with any year and animate this value.
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If you select the Use Current Time check box, this parameter has no affect.
7. Type a number or move the Scramble Letters slider to randomly vary the numbers from
frame to frame.
For detailed information on the Generator tab parameters, see “Generator Tab Parameters”
on page 469.
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Adding Effects to Text
Setting Timecode
To generate timecode:
1. From the Timecode Type menu, select PAL, NTSC, or Drop Frame (NTSC) to display
the Timecode format.
NTSC
Drop Frame
2. Adjust the Start Hours, Start Minutes, Start Seconds, and Start Frames parameters to set
the appropriate timecode.
3. Set Scramble Letters to randomly vary the numbers from frame to frame.
For detailed information on the Generator tab parameters, see “Generator Tab Parameters”
on page 469.
Mapping Media to Text
Texture Track button
You can map media to the face(s) of text or to the text backdrop. If you are using text media
with the 3D Plane or 3D Line Art shapes, you’ll need to create a Texture track in the timeline
before mapping media to the text. The texture track maps a still image, video file, color,
gradient or natural media to Text, Spline Object and Spline Primitive media.
To create a Texture track:
•
Click the Texture Track icon at the bottom of the Controls window.
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To map media to text:
1. From the Texture track, select a media type from the Media icon.
2. Select the Text track’s Face track to display the Text controls in the Controls window.
3. Click the Texture tab.
The Map Method menu controls how the media is mapped onto the text.
4. From the Map Method menu, choose one of the following:
• Tile repeats the texture image on the face of the text.
When you select Tile, decrease the Scale X and Scale Y parameters to better see the
tiled image within the text.
• Stretch sizes the texture image to fit the text.
• Clip allows you to size and position the texture image on the text.
The following example shows Reptilian texture.
5. Adjust Offset X and Offset Y to move the center of the Texture image along the X and Y
axis respectively. This repositions the texture within the text.
6. Adjust Scale X and Scale Y to change the size of the texture image along the X and Y
axis respectively.
7. From the Apply To menu, select Backdrop or Text to map the texture media.
For detailed information on the Texture tab, see “Texture Tab” on page 481. For more
information, see “Adding Color Backdrops to Text” on page 445 or “Extruding Text
Backdrops” on page 446.
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Adding Effects to Text
Adding Color Backdrops to Text
Adding a color backdrop to text dramatically changes the look. To add a backdrop, you’ll be
using the Backdrop track, a Spline Primitive media track that appears below the text’s Face
track in the timeline. You can add a border and set the fill using Border and Fill tabs. The
backdrop resizes if you change the size or amount of the text.
n
n
Tip: You can map media to the text backdrop by using the Apply To menu in the Texture tab.
For more information, see “Mapping Media to Text” on page 443.
You can apply a backdrop from the Library Browser to text in your timeline. For example,
you can use this feature to apply complex backdrops from the Library Browser to the text in
your timeline. For more information, see “Loading and Saving Effects using the Library
Browser” on page 186.
To add backdrops to text:
1. Select the Backdrop tab (Controls window).
2. Do one of the following to create a Backdrop track:
• At the bottom of the Controls window, click the Backdrop button. This button only
appears if you select the Face track.
• From the Backdrop tab, select the Make Backdrop Track option.
3. Select the Backdrop track to adjust the parameters including its shape—see “Working
with the Spline Primitive Media Type” on page 546.
4. Adjust Scale X and Scale Y to resize the backdrop along the horizontal and vertical
axes.
These values represent a percentage of the size of the text. Scale X and Scale Y values
of 100 produce a backdrop that is exactly the size of the text. Since they are a
percentage, once you set these values, they are maintained even if you change the size or
content of the text.
In the following example, Scale X and Scale Y were set to 120.
5. Adjust Shift X and Shift Y to displace the center of the backdrop along the horizontal
and vertical axis, respectively.
• Increase positive Shift X values to move the backdrop to the right.
• Decrease negative values to move the backdrop to the left.
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• Increase positive Shift Y values to move the backdrop up.
• Decrease negative Shift Y values to move the backdrop toward the bottom of the
screen.
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You can also create a backdrop using the Layer tab. When you use the Layer tab, a track is
not created in the timeline, so you cannot animate any of the parameters. For information,
see “Creating a Text Backdrop with the Layer Tab” on page 446.
Extruding Text Backdrops
When creating text backdrops, the backdrop uses the shape as the Text track on which it was
added. For example, if you select the Make Backdrop Track option for a track that uses text
media mapped to the 3D Extrusion shape, the Backdrop track in the timeline uses the 3D
Extrusion shape. The Backdrop track in the timeline does not contain a Shape icon, so you
cannot change the Backdrop track’s shape.
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If you want to create 3D text with a 2D backdrop, do not select the Make Backdrop Track
option. Instead, create a separate Spline Primitive track and nest the Spline Primitive track
and the Text track in a 3D Container. For more information on 3D Containers, see “Using
Spline Media” on page 521.
Editing the Shape of Text Backdrops
You can also convert a Text backdrop to a Spline Object, so you can edit its shape to create
custom or animating backdrops. You can combine multiple shapes into a single backdrop.
For more information, see “Converting Text and Text Backdrops to Spline Objects” on
page 448 and “Creating Multi-Shape Text Backdrops” on page 450.
Animating the Shape of Text Backdrops
You can also convert a Text backdrop to a Spline Object, so you can animate its shape. To
animate a shape, you need to deselect Multi-Frame mode in the Tool window. For more
information, see “Working in Multi-Frame Mode” on page 534 for more information.
n
You can also create a backdrop using the Layer tab. When you use the Layer tab, a track is
not created in the timeline, so you cannot animate any of the parameters. For information,
see “Adding a Rectangular Backdrop” on page 447.
Creating a Text Backdrop with the Layer Tab
Avid FX includes a tab for Shape and Container tracks which defines layer or bitmap
parameters for that track. Once you create certain types of media, you can use the parameters
in the Layer tab to create a rectangular backdrop behind the media. The backdrop does not
create a track in the timeline so you cannot animate these parameters.
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Adding Effects to Text
To add a color background to text:
1. Click the color chip to access the system color picker.
2. Use the eyedropper to choose a color from the screen.
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The parameters in this tab depend on the Media type. The Layer tab shows the options for
Text, Spline, and Spline Primitive media. Color, Gradient, and Natural media include only
the Size X and Size Y parameters.This tab does not appear with EPS files, video, still image
files and movies as media or with certain shapes, such as 3D Line Art or 3D Extrusion.
3. Enter RGB values into the numerical fields.
4. Press Enter.
For detailed information on the Layer tab, see Layer Tab Parameters on page 474.
Adding a Rectangular Backdrop
Once you create a text track, you can use the parameters in the Layer tab to create a
rectangular backdrop behind the text. Avid FX includes a tab for Shape and Container tracks
which defines “layer” or bitmap parameters for that track.
n
You cannot animate the parameters because the backdrop does not create a track in the
timeline. If you want to animate a backdrop or create a backdrop in a different shape, for
example a star, use the Backdrop tab instead of the Layer tab.
To add a rectangular backdrop:
1. From the timeline, select the Face track.
2. Select the Layer tab (Controls window).
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3. Click the color chip to access the system color picker or use the eyedropper to choose a
color from the screen.
4. Use the Bkgrd Opacity controls to adjust the transparency of the background.
5. Select the Invert Alpha option if you want to invert the background’s alpha channel.
6. Use the Size X and Size Y controls to adjust the size of the background track.
7. Select the Force Size option to set the background size to the size of the project media.
For detailed information on the Layer tab parameters, see “Layer Tab Parameters” on page
474.
n
You can also create a backdrop using the Backdrop tab. The Backdrop Track is a Spline
Primitive media track that appears below the text’s Face track in the timeline. For more
information, see “Adding Color Backdrops to Text” on page 445.
Converting Text and Text Backdrops to Spline
Objects
Pen Tool
Preview icon
When creating 2D or 3D text effects, use the Text media type and then change the media
type to Spline Object to edit the splines which form the text characters. You can add or
delete control points, add or remove Bézier handles on each control point, adjust Bézier
handles to create curving or straight lines between control points, and position control points
in the Composite window. For more information on Spline Objects, see “Working with
Spline Object Media” on page 521.
Convert Text Backdrops to Spline Objects to use the Pen tool. You can create static or
animated text backdrops. To create animated backdrops, you need to deselect Multi-Frame
mode in the Tool window.
To create 2D or 3D text:
1. Set a Shape track’s media type to Text.
2. Use the Text window to input text characters and edit the effect.
3. When you finish creating the text, change the Text track’s media type to Spline Object.
4. Expand the text’s Shape track and the nested Face track. Select the Path track.
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Converting Text and Text Backdrops to Spline Objects
The paths which comprise the text characters are visible in the Composite window. In
the following example, each character is selected with the Pen tool, so the control points
are visible.
5. Edit and animate the splines as you would any other spline media. In the following
example, a control point in the letter E is converted from a linear to a curve point.
Pen tool button
Preview button
To create an animating backdrop:
1. Create text with a backdrop—“Adding Color Backdrops to Text” on page 445.
2. To convert a text backdrop into a Spline Object, click the Media icon on the Backdrop
track and change the default Spline Primitive media to Spline Object.
The Tool window opens to display tools used for manipulating Spline Objects.
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Media icon
3. Select the Pen tool in the Tool window—see “Using The Tool Window” on page 524.
4. Select the Spline object in the Composite window.
The Spline objects default control points display.
5. You can now use the Pen tool to manipulate the Spline Object.
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The wireframe spline object you manipulate is the same object as the shape outlining your
text. However, it displays at the shape’s original scale. The Backdrop surrounding your text
updates as you manipulate the control points.
6. To view the wireframe at the same size as the backdrop, click the Preview icon for the
Backdrop track to open a preview window.
Creating Multi-Shape Text Backdrops
You can combine multiple spline objects into one object to create custom text backdrops.
When you combine multiple objects, place the objects on the same track. You cannot use the
Path commands for splines that are on separate tracks in the timeline.
You can only combine two objects at one time. If you want to combine more than two
objects, combine two of the objects into a single object. Then use the command to combine
each additional object.
Hollow Arrow button
To create multi-shape text backdrops:
1. Complete the steps in the previous section, “Converting Text and Text Backdrops to
Spline Objects” on page 448 to create a text track with a backdrop that has been
converted to a Spline Object.
2. Select the Backdrop track in the timeline.
The Tool window opens to display tools used for manipulating Spline Objects.
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Converting Text and Text Backdrops to Spline Objects
3. Select one of the tools in the Tool window and draw a shape.
4. Use the Hollow Arrow tool to select objects and select one of the following:
• To connect two objects, select Tools > Path > Combine Contours or press
Alt+Shift+C.
• To disconnect two objects, select Tools > Path > Split Contours or press
Alt+Shift+S.
For more information on the Pen tool, see “Using The Tool Window” on page 524.
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Working with the Style Palette
The Style Palette allows you to save and categorize styles for text, color, gradient, natural,
spline, brush, material, and extrusion for future use. Styles let you work more efficiently.
To open the Style Palette, do one of the following:
•
Select Window > Show Style Palette.
•
Press Ctrl+7.
•
In the Text window, click the Style Palette button.
Rename category
Rebuild category
Delete category
Tab menu
Category menu
Add category
Current style
Displays styles
in current
category
Style controls
Apply controls
For more information, see “Style Palette Controls” on page 479.
Creating Styles
The way in which you create and save styles depends on the type of style you are creating.
Text and Color Styles
From the Text window you can create text and color styles. You can create color styles in the
Text window or in a color track. Color styles are applied to Color or Text tracks. To apply a
color style to another parameter, for example to a border, use the eyedropper for the border
parameter to choose the color style.
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Working with the Style Palette
Add Style button
To add styles to text:
1. From the timeline, select a text track and open the Text window.
2. Use the parameters in the Text window to adjust the style as desired. Select the
appropriate characters.
3. Click the Style Palette button to open the Style Palette.
The Apply controls lets you select the attributes of the current style to save as a new
style.
4. In the Text tab of the Style Palette, click the Add Style button.
The currently selected Text window style is added to the selected category in the Style
Palette. If no category is selected in the category menu, the Add Style button is not
available. This can happen when you first open the Style Palette.
5. Name the style.
To create a color style in the Text window:
1. From the timeline, select a text track and open the Text window.
2. Click the Style Palette button.
3. Select the Color tab and click the Add Style button.
The Style Color parameter in the Text window’s Fill tab is used to create the new style.
4. Name the style.
To create a color style in a color track:
1. Click to select the Face track of a color track in the timeline.
2. In the Color Media tab, click the color chip to access the system color picker or use the
eyedropper to choose a color from the screen.
Or, type RGB values into the numerical fields and press Enter.
3. Open the Style Palette and click the Add Style button in the Color tab.
4. Name the style.
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Font Styles
The Style Palette lets you save thumbnails of all the available fonts on your system in the
Fonts tab. You can also use the Use Fonts in Font Menu option to display each available font
using the corresponding font instead of the system font in the Text window’s font menu.
However, selecting this option increases the display time for the font menu.
When you access this tab for the first time, you must add a category. After that, you only
need to rebuild the category if you add more fonts to your system. Unlike the other tabs in
the Style Palette, you cannot save styles to the Fonts tab, so the Apply controls, as well as the
Add Style and Rename Style buttons, do not appear when you are in the Font tab.
Add Category button
Rebuild Category button
To create font styles:
1. Open the Style Palette—see “Working with the Style Palette” on page 452.
2. In the Style Palette, select the Fonts tab and click the Add Category button.
3. Name the category.
The new category name appears in the category menu.
4. If this is the first time you have used the Font tab or if you have added new fonts to your
system, click the Rebuild Category button.
The Font tab displays all the available fonts on your system.
Natural and Gradient Styles
A natural style mimics materials found in nature, such as stone or lava. A gradient is a
gradation of color.
Add Style button
To create natural and gradient styles:
1. Select the Face track for a Natural media or Gradient track in the timeline. The
appropriate media tab appears in the Controls window.
2. Use the parameters in the Controls window to adjust the media style as desired.
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Working with the Style Palette
3. Open the Style Palette.
4. In the Natural or Gradient tab, click the Add Style button.
The current style in the Controls window is added to the selected category in the Style
Palette.
5. Name the style.
Brush Styles
Once you are satisfied with a particular brush style, you can save it.
Brush tool button
Pencil tool button
Add Style button
To create brush styles:
1. Select the Brush or Pencil tool in the Tool window. To open the Tool window, choose
Window > Show Tool Window or type Ctrl+6.
2. In the Brush tab (Controls window), select the Brush On option.
3. Adjust the appropriate parameters for the brush.
4. Open the Style Palette.
5. From the Brush tab in the Style Palette, click the Add Style button.
The current style in the Brush tab is added to the selected category in the Style Palette.
6. Name the style.
Spline Styles
When you create a spline style, the style includes the fill, border, shadow, and texture, but
not the shape of the spline. If you want to save the shape of a spline object or spline
primitive, save the setting to the Library Browser. For more information, see “Loading and
Saving Effects using the Library Browser” on page 186.
Hollow Arrow tool button
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Add Style button
To create spline styles:
1. Create a spline object—see “Creating Spline Objects” on page 522.
2. Select the Hollow Arrow tool in the Tool window. To open the Tool window, choose
Window > Show Tool Window or type Ctrl+6.
3. Select the spline in the Composite window.
4. Open the Style Palette.
5. From the Spline tab in the Style Palette, click the Add Style button.
The style is added to the selected category in the Style Palette.
6. Name the style.
Material, Bump Map and 3D Extrusion Styles
You can create Shape track styles.
Add Style button
To create Materials, Bump Map, or Extrusion styles:
1. Create a 3D Extrusion track and select the Shape track—see “Describing 3D Extrusion
Shapes” on page 321.
2. In the Controls window, use the parameters in the Materials, Bump Map or Extrusion
tab to adjust the material, bump map or extrusion.
3. Open the Style Palette.
4. In the Materials or Extrusion tab in the Style Palette, click the Add Style button.
The current style in the Controls window is added to the selected category in the Style
Palette. Bump map styles are saved in the Materials tab in the Style Palette.
5. Name the style.
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Working with the Style Palette
Organizing Styles
Once you have created some styles, you’ll want to organize them efficiently. Using the Add
Category, you can create categories to organize your styles. For example, to use a group of
styles in one project, create a category for that project. The Style Palette must include at least
one category for you to create new styles.
To create a new category:
1. Click the Add Category button.
2. Enter a new category name which then appears in the category menu.
3. Choose a category from the menu. All the styles associated with that category appear in
the right side of the Style Palette.
Any new styles you add are saved to the currently selected category.
n
Categories are not shared between tabs; each tab contains only the categories created in
that tab. For example, if you create a category in the Text tab, and then select the Color tab,
the text category does not appear in the Color tab’s category menu.
Viewing Styles
You can view styles in Frame or List View. In List View, you can arrange styles by name or
date using the Thumbnail View button and the Sort By menu. In Frame View, you can resize
the thumbnail images.
Thumbnail View button
Thumbnail Background
button
To select the Thumbnail View:
1. Click the Thumbnail View button and select one of the following:
• Small Frame View
• Medium Frame View
• Large Frame View
• List View
2. If you chose List View, select the sort criteria: Date or Name.
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3. Click the Thumbnail Background button to switch between a black background and a
checkerboard. The checkerboard is useful if your style is very dark. For example, black
text is easier to see over the checkerboard.
Editing Styles
You can edit styles directly in the Style Palette using the Edit Selected Style button. This
applies to Gradient, Color, Natural, Spline, Material, Bump Map, Extrusion and Brush
styles.
Edit Selected
Style button
Selected style
The Edit dialog box that appears depends on the style that you are editing.
Thumbnail View button
To edit a style:
1. Select a Color style.
2. Click the Edit Selected Style button.
The system color picker opens. This button dims if no style is selected.
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Working with the Style Palette
If you select a Gradient style and click the Edit Selected Style button, the Gradient
Editor opens.
3. Make the appropriate changes and click OK.
Renaming Styles
At times, you may want to rename some of the styles you created.
Rename Style button
To rename a style:
1. Select the style’s thumbnail.
2. Click the Rename Style button.
3. Enter a new name for the style and click OK.
n
Tip: You can also select the style, press Enter, type a name and press Enter.
Deleting Styles
If there are some unwanted styles in a category, you can delete them in the Style Palette or
by using the context menus. For more information, see “Using Context Menus in the Text
Window” on page 400.
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Delete Style button
To delete a style:
1. Select the style’s thumbnail.
2. Click the Delete Style button.
The style’s thumbnail is deleted from the Style Palette.
Applying Styles
There are many styles you can add, depending on the type. There are text, color, natural,
extrusion, gradient, spline, brush, material, and bump map styles.
Applying Text Styles
You can apply text styles from the following windows:
• Style Palette: Applies text styles directly to text tracks in the timeline. You can update
styles for multiple tracks at once.
• Text window: Applies styles to individual characters. You can apply the styles in the Text
window.
• Composite window: Uses the Text tool for typing text directly over the image in the
Composite window.
When you apply styles to tracks in the timeline, style modifier check boxes in the Style
Palette window are respected. If you choose to apply a font to multiple tracks in the timeline,
any animation parameters created in the Controls window are unchanged.
Apply Style button
To apply styles to text tracks:
1. In the Timeline window, select the appropriate Text track or Shift+select multiple tracks.
2. Choose Window > Show Style Palette or press Ctrl+7.
3. In the Text tab in the Style Palette, select the parameters to apply. The choices include:
Fonts, Size, Face, Fill, Edge, Shadow, and Transform.
4. To apply a style, do one of the following:
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Working with the Style Palette
• Click to select the thumbnail and click the Apply Style button.
• Double-click the thumbnail for the style you want to apply.
To apply text styles from the Text window:
1. In the Text window, select the appropriate text.
2. Select individual characters or press Ctrl+A to select all text.
3. Click the Style Palette button at the bottom of the Text window.
4. In the Text tab in the Style Palette, select the parameters to apply. The choices include:
Fonts, Size, Face, Fill, Edge, Shadow and Transform.
5. To apply a style, do one of the following:
• Click to select the thumbnail and click the Apply Style button.
• Double-click the thumbnail for the style you want to apply.
You can apply styles from the Style Palette directly to text in the Composite window. This
method works whether the text was created with the Text tool or in the Text window. Style
modifier check boxes in the Style Palette window are respected. Any animation parameters
created in the Controls window are unchanged.
To add text styles in the Composite window:
1. In the timeline, select the appropriate Text track.
2. To open the Tool window, choose Window > Show Tool Window or press Ctrl+6.
3. In the Tool window, click to select the Text tool—see “Editing Text from the Text
Window” on page 398.
4. In the Composite window, use the Text tool to select the appropriate characters.
5. Choose Window > Show Style Palette or press Ctrl+7.
6. In the Text tab in the Style Palette, select the parameters to apply. The choices include:
Fonts, Size, Face, Fill, Edge, Shadow and Transform.
7. Use one of the following to apply the text style:
• Click to select the thumbnail and click the Apply Style button.
• Double-click the thumbnail for the style you want to apply.
The style is applied to the first style in the text object.
Applying Color, Natural, Gradient or Extrusion Styles
The Color, Natural, Gradient and Extrusion styles can apply to the corresponding media
tracks. You can also apply Color and Gradient styles to a Text track.
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To apply a Natural style to text, you must create a texture track of the Natural media type and
apply the style to the texture track. To apply a Natural style to the face of a shape track (for
example a Cube or Cylinder), map Natural media to a face and apply the style to it.
Apply Style button
To add styles to media tracks:
1. In the timeline or the Composite window, select a Shape track.
2. Open the Style Palette.
3. From the Color, Gradient, Natural or Extrusion tab in the Style Palette, do one of the
following to apply text:
• Select the thumbnail and click the Apply Style button.
• Double-click the thumbnail for the style you want to apply.
Applying Spline Styles
Hollow Arrow button
Apply Style button
To apply Spline styles:
1. Open the Tool window by doing one of the following:
• Choose Window > Show Tool Window.
• Press Ctrl+6.
2. From the Tool window, select the Hollow Arrow tool and select the spline in the
Composite window.
n
If the Tool window is not open, choose Window > Show Tool Window.
3. Open the Style Palette.
4. In the Spline tab in the Style Palette, do one of the following:
• Double-click the appropriate style.
• Select the thumbnail and click the Apply Style button.
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Working with the Style Palette
Applying Brush Styles
You can apply brush styles in the Composite window.
Apply Style button
To add Brush styles:
1. Select the object to which you want to apply the material in the Composite window or
the timeline.
2. Open the Style Palette.
3. In the Brush tab in the Style Palette, do one of the following:
• Double-click the thumbnail for the style you want to apply.
• Select the thumbnail and click the Apply Style button.
Applying Material and Bump Map Styles
Apply Style button
To add material and Bump Map styles:
1. Select the object to which you want to apply the material in the Composite window or
the timeline.
2. Open the Style Palette.
3. In the Materials or Bump Map tab in the Style Palette, do one of the following:
• Double-click the thumbnail for the style you want to apply.
• Select the thumbnail and click the Apply Style button.
Using Context Menus in the Style Palette
You can use context menus in the Style Palette to apply, rename, and delete styles.You can
also view information about a particular style.
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To use context menus:
1. Right-click a file to open its context menu.
2. Choose one of the following:
• Apply applies the style to the selected object
• Rename lets you rename the style in the Style Palette.
• Delete removes the style from the Style Palette.
• Properties opens a dialog box with information about the style. When you finish.
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Working with the Style Palette
Reference: and Titling
Animation Tab Parameters
Parameter
Description
Acceleration
Lets you gradually accelerate the effect.
Overshoot
Creates bouncing animation.
Decay
Works in conjunction with the Overshoot parameter.
Seed
Varies the amount of animation from frame to
frame.
Velocity
Determines the speed of the Jitter X and Jitter Y
parameters.
Jitter X
Jitters the text position on the X axis.
Jitter Y
Jitters the text position on the Y axis.
Animation Style
Determines what type of animation to apply to the
text track. The options include:
None. Text tracks are not animated.
Roll. Moves all of the tracks in the Title Container
up the screen in the order in which they appear in
the container.
Crawl. Moves all the tracks in the Title Container
horizontally across the screen in the order in which
they appear in the Title Container.
Fade. Fades all the tracks in and out in the order in
which they appear in the Title Container.
Zoom. Zooms each track in and out in the order in
which it appears in the Title Container.
Shuffle. Creates an effect similar to a roll or crawl.
Border Tab Parameters
Parameter
Description
Border Style tabs and
check box
Create a new border style. Click the check box next
to the tab to activate.
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Parameter
Description
Edge Style
Controls the style of the border. The options
include:
Plain: Applies a flat border to the text.
Bevel: Creates a beveled border effect.
Radial: Creates a glowing border effect.
Position
Sets the location of the border. The options include:
Inside: Positions the border on the inside of the
edges of the selected character(s).
Outside: Positions the border on the outside of the
edges of the selected character(s).
Center: Centers the border over the edges of the
selected character(s).
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Edge Color
Sets the color of the border for the selected
character(s).
Edge Width
Sets the width of the border applied to each selected
character.
Edge Opacity
Adjusts the opacity of the border for selected
character(s).
•
A value of 100 makes the border opaque.
•
A value of 0 makes the border transparent.
Working with the Style Palette
Parameter
Description
Edge Softness
Softens the border edge.
A value of 0 creates a border with a hard edge.
Raise to increase softness.
Cap
Controls the shape of the ends of the border. The
options include:
Flat: Creates flat ends.
Round: Adds a circular cap to the end of the stroke
that slightly lengthens the stroke and creates a
rounded end.
Square: Adds a square cap to the end of the stroke
that slightly lengthens the stroke and creates a flat
end with square corners.
Join
Determines the shape of the corners of the border.
The options include:
Round: Creates rounded corners.
Miter: Creates corners with sharp points.
Bevel: Creates clipped corners.
Border Begin, Border End
Adjust the percentage of the border that is stroked at
each frame in the timeline allowing you to create
animated border effects.
Border Offset
Works in conjunction with Border Begin and Border
End to select a portion of the border and animate it
around the text or spline.
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Composite Tab Parameters
Parameter
Description
Apply Mode
Determines how the tracks in the title container are
composited over objects below the container in the
timeline.
Apply Mix
Blends the Apply Mode setting with the Apply Mix
From menu setting.
Use Apply Mix to soften the effect of an Apply
Mode.
Brightness
Adjusts the brightness of the container after it is
composited over the background objects.
Contrast
Adjusts the contrast of the container after it is
composited over the background objects.
Mix Back
Mixes the Normal apply mode with the chosen
apply mode or mixes the chosen apply with a
transparent application of the shape.
Opacity
•
If Mix Back is set to 100, Normal apply mode is
used to composite the container.
•
If Mix Back is set to 0, the chosen apply mode is
used to composite the container.
•
Between 0 and 100, Normal and the chosen
apply mode are mixed in varying percentages.
•
If Mix Back is set below 0 up to –100, the
container goes from increasing transparency to
totally transparent.
Adjusts the opacity of the container.
•
A value of 0 is completely transparent.
•
A value of 100 is completely opaque.
The final opacity of the container is determined by
both the Opacity and the Mix Back settings. The
two parameters have a cumulative effect.
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Working with the Style Palette
Fill Tab Parameters
Parameter
Description
Fill On
Select to create filled text.
Deselect to create transparent text.
Style Opacity
Adjusts the opacity of the selected character(s).
Text Fill
•
A setting of 100 makes the text opaque.
•
A setting of 0 makes the text transparent.
Determines the type of media applied to the face of
the text. The options include:
Color: Use the selected style color. Use with the
color chip or eyedropper to select a custom color.
Gradient: Creates a grayscale gradient within the
text. For a color gradient click the Gradient Editor
icon.
Style Color
Activated by Color selection. Use one of the
methods to select the color.
Color chip: Click to access the color picker.
RGB values: Enter values in the numerical fields.
Eyedropper: Click on the screen to select a color.
Generator Tab Parameters
Parameter
Description
Generator type
Lets you select the type of text/characters generated.
User Text
Creates or imports text into the Text window.
Letter Variation Adds an offset to each character.
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Parameter
Description
Variation Mode Varies the appearance of the text.
Alphabetical Text: Uses only alphabetical characters offset by the
Letter Variation amount.
Random Text: Uses only alphabetical characters but the characters
are randomized.
Random User Text: Uses only the alphabetical characters that are
included in the original user text. Uses only a, b, c, d, e, g, h, i, l, n,
p, r, s, and t.
Style Shift: Uses the original user text but randomizes the styles
that are applied to each character from left to right. Use multiple
styles.
Random Style: Similar to Style Shift except that it randomizes the
styles instead of moving from left to right. Use multiple styles.
Style Shuffle: Randomly shuffles the styles assigned to each
character to that of another style used in the Text window. Use
multiple styles.
Style by Word: Looks at the style of the first letter of each word
and assigns that style to entire words at random.
Style by Line: Looks at the style of the first letter of each line and
assigns that style to entire lines at random.
Style Shuffle by Word: Looks at the style of the first letter of each
word and shuffles that style with other words.
Style Shuffle by Line: Looks at the style of the first letter of each
line and shuffles that style with other lines.
Progress
Sets a percentage that the text progresses. The amount is
animatable so you can achieve the popular effect of letters flipping
until the word forms.
Progress Order Sets the direction the letters progress.
Repeat
Lets you repeat the text.
Values range from 1 to 1000. At a value of 1, the text appears only
once.
Loop
Generated Text
Random Seed
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Lets you determine which character starts the line and continuously
repeats the text.
Ignores user input except for style properties.
Randomizes the change of text characters from frame to frame.
Working with the Style Palette
Parameter
Description
Line Length
Lets you set the character line length.
Line Count
Lets you set the number of lines.
Word Break
Lets you set the number of characters before a word break occurs.
To add word breaks, enter a value.
Tip: A value of 10 does not create word breaks. Lesser values create
word breaks.
Random Numbers
Generates random numbers
Random Seed
Randomly varies numbers from frame to frame.
Precision
Sets the number of digits after the decimal point. A setting 0
generates whole numbers. A setting higher than 0 sets the numbers
appearing after the decimal point.
Field Size
Sets the quantity of positions for numbers including plus or minus
signs.
Show Plus
Displays a plus (+) sign before the number.
Leading Zeros
Displays zeros before the number.
Allow Negative Lets you use negative numbers.
Numbers
Generates numbers.
Numeric Value Lets you use the controls in the tab to add a numeric value.
Precision
Sets the number of digits after the decimal point. A setting 0
generates whole numbers. A setting higher than 0 sets the numbers
appearing after the decimal point.
Field Size
Sets the quantity of positions for numbers including plus or minus
signs.
Show Plus
Displays a plus (+) sign before the number.
Leading Zeros
Displays zeros before the number.
Date/Time
Displays the date and time.
Display Year
Displays a 4-digit year.
Display
AM/PM
Includes AM or PM after the time.
Display Month Displays the current month.
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Parameter
Description
Short Weekday Displays the accepted abbreviation for the weekday. For example
Tues. instead of Tuesday. Does not display if Display Weekday is
not selected.
Display Day
Displays the day.
Short Month
Displays the accepted abbreviation for the month.
Display
Weekday
Displays the weekday.
Short Date
Displays the accepted abbreviation for the date. For example
12/13/2004 instead of December 13, 2004.
Display Hour
Displays the hour.
Short Year
Displays the two-digit abbreviation for the year. Does not display if
Display Year is not selected.
Display Minute Displays the time using minutes.
Date Format
Choose between Month-Day-Year, Day-Month-Year, or YearMonth-Day.
Display Second Displays seconds for the time.
Date Separator
Choose between Slash, Dash, or Dot to separate the elements.
Requires the Short Date to be selected.
Use Current
Time
Displays the time using the system clock. If Display AM/PM is not
selected, this option uses military time.
For example, with Display AM/PM selected, the time displays as
2:26:28 PM. With Display AM/PM deselected, the time displays as
14:36:28. Does not display if format options are not selected.
Date Leading
Zero
Timecode
Adds a zero before days and months less than 10.
For example, January 1, 2003 becomes January 01, 2003 when this
option is selected.
Generates timecode.
Timecode Type Lets you select a type of timecode: PAL, NTSC, or Drop Frame
(NTSC).
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Start Hours
Sets the hour at which the timecode starts.
Start Minutes
Sets the minute at which the timecode starts.
Working with the Style Palette
Parameter
Description
Start Seconds
Sets the second at which the timecode starts.
Start Frames
Sets the frame at which the timecode starts.
Scramble
Varies the characters from frame to frame.
Jitter Tab Parameters
Parameter
Description
Jitter Seed
Varies the amount of jitter from frame to frame.
You cannot animate this parameter.
Jitter Speed
Varies the speed of the jitter.
Jitter Position X,
Jitter Position Y
Randomizes the position of individual text
characters on the X and Y axes.
Jitter Angle
Randomizes the angle of the individual text
characters. Angle distorts text on the X and Y axis.
Jitter Scale X, Jitter Scale Y
Randomizes the scale of the individual text
characters on the X and Y axes.
Jitter Hue
Randomizes the color of the individual text
characters.
Jitter Opacity
Randomizes the opacity of the individual text
characters.
Restrictions
Restricts the jitter parameters. The options include:
None: Does not restrict jitter.
Positive Only: Restricts the parameters to only
allow values that are higher than the original.
Negative Only: Restricts the parameters to only
allow values that are lower than the original.
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
Parameter
Description
Polarize
Alternates the jitter parameters for characters. At
higher values every other character alternates.
Master Jitter Amount
Scales all jitter parameters globally.
Layer Tab Parameters
Parameter
Description
Background Color
Sets the color of the background layer.
Background Opacity field
and slider
Sets the opacity of the background layer. The value
expressed as a percentage.
Invert Alpha
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•
A value of 0 makes the background transparent.
•
A value of 100 makes the background opaque.
Select to invert the background’s alpha channel.
•
A value of 0 is opaque.
•
A value of 255 is transparent.
Size X, Size Y
Adjust the size (pixels) of the background track
along the horizontal and vertical axes.
Force Size
Select to set the background size to the size of the
project media.
Working with the Style Palette
Motion Blur Tab Parameters
Parameter
Description
Enable Motion Blur
Select to apply motion blur to the container.
Shutter Angle
Sets the amount of time the shutter is open in a
normal camera. Default is 180o.
Smoothness
•
Increase the angle to get a wider blur.
•
Decrease the angle to get a thinner blur.
•
Set to 360o to get the smoothest motion.
Determines how many samples are taken between
the time the shutter is open and the time it closes.
The options include:
Low: Uses the lowest number of samples.
Medium: Takes four snapshots.
High: Takes eight snapshots.
Highest: Uses the most number of samples.
Apply Motion Blur to
Controls what the motion blur affects.
3D Planes – Motion only: Applies motion blur to
the motion of any 3D Plane track in the container,
but not to the lights or shadows or to any synthetic
media or filters on the Face of the 3D Plane track.
All Shapes: Applies motion blur to all Shape tracks
in the container. The effect of this choice is similar
to 3D Planes – Motion only for any 3D Plane tracks
in the container.
•
Applies to 3D Sphere, Cube, Sphere, Cylinder,
or Page Turn tracks in the container, the motion
blur applies to the motion of the Shape track as
well as to lights or shadows.
•
Does not apply to Faces or filters or to any
synthetic media such as animated Natural media
or gradients.
Container, Faces, and Filters: Applies motion blur
to the entire container.
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
Parameter
Description
Use Adaptive Motion Blur
for 3D Planes
Reduces the number of snapshots taken when 3D
Planes move slowly, reducing rendering time for
effects that move slowly and then quickly offscreen.
Requires Apply Motion Blur to menu set to 3D
Planes – Motion only.
Path Tab Parameters
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Parameter
Description
Make Path Track
Select to create a Path track.
On Path Motion
Adjusts the position of the text on the path.
Angle to Path
Controls how the text is positioned on the path.
•
At 100 (default), the text follows the curve of
the path.
•
At 0, the text becomes vertical on the path.
Working with the Style Palette
Parameter
Description
Alignment
Sets justification of text on the path.
Left: Aligns the text so that each line starts at the
beginning of the path. Default.
Center: Centers the text on the length of the path.
Right: Aligns the text so the end of the line matches
the end of the path.
Distribute: Justifies the text along the length of the
path by adjusting the space between characters.
Reverse Path
Select to map the text to the underside or inside of
the path.
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
Render Tab Parameters
Parameter
Description
Color Background
Select to create a solid background in the chosen
color.
Background Color
Click to select the color picker.
1:2:1 Deflicker
Applies a vertical blur to the effect that helps
eliminate flickering in text rolls and reduces jagged
edges on moving graphics with hard edges.
n
Do not also set the 1:2:1 Deflicker option in
the Preferences window.
Shadow Tab Parameters
Parameter
Description
Shadow On
Turns on a shadow for the track.
Distance
Sets the distance of the shadow from the image.
Opacity
Softness
Color
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•
A shorter distance slightly offsets the text from
the background image.
•
A longer distance creates the illusion that the
text is floating about the background and casting
a shadow.
Sets the opacity of the drop shadow scaled as a
percentage.
•
At a value of 100, the shadow is opaque.
•
Lower values cause the background image to
appear through the shadow.
•
At a value of 0, the shadow is transparent.
Controls the shadow softness.
•
A lower value emulates a shadow in hard light.
•
A higher value creates a diffuse shadow.
Sets the color of the shadow.
Working with the Style Palette
Parameter
Description
Angle
Determines the direction of the drop shadow.
•
A setting of 0o places the shadow to the right of
the text.
•
A setting of 90o places it directly beneath the
text.
Style Palette Controls
Button
Description
Thumbnail
Background
Lets you choose to display the style over a
checkerboard or a solid black color.
Thumbnail View
Sets the size of the thumbnails to Small Frame
View, Medium Frame View or Large Frame
View or displays them in List View.
Load Style
Allows you to load saved Gradient styles.
Delete Style
Deletes a style from the Style Palette.
Add Style
Adds the selected style to the Style Palette.
Rename Style
Opens a dialog box where you can name your
style.
Edit Selected Style
Allows you to edit styles directly in the Style
Palette.
Apply Style
Applies the selected style.
Shadow Tab Parameters
Parameter
Description
Shadow tabs
Click to create a new shadow. Click the check box
next to the tab to activate.
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
Parameter
Description
Shadow Type
Determines the type of shadows that are created.
The options include:
Drop Shadows: Fall a specified distance from the
object.
Cast Shadows: Appear to fall on another object.
Requires Distance.
Solid Shadows: Simulate the appearance of a 3D
object by applying a gradient to a shadow.
•
Highlight Color sets the color of the highlighted
areas of the shadow.
•
Shade Color sets the color of the shaded areas of
the shadow.
Color
Sets the shadow color.
Distance
Sets the distance between the shadow and text.
Opacity
Sets the degree of opacity.
•
A value of 100 makes the shadow opaque.
•
A value of 0 makes the shadow transparent.
Softness
Softens the edges of the shadows by emulating the
appearance of shadows cast by a diffuse light
source.
Angle
Sets the angle between the shadow and the
horizontal axis of the text.
Style Preview Menu
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Parameter
Description
All Styles
Previews the text as it appears in the Composite
window.
Basic Styles
Does not display shadows, borders, and some Style
tab transformations (Style Skew, Style Scale, Style
Baseline). This speeds previews without affecting
the text in the Composite window.
Working with the Style Palette
Parameter
Description
Draft Typing
Does not display shadows, borders, and some text
transformations while you type. Once you finish
typing, the text updates with all styles. Draft Typing
speeds previews, but still allows you to preview text
as it will appear in the Composite window.
Text Window Menu
Parameter
Description
Cut
Deletes the selected text and saves it to your
Clipboard.
Copy
Copies the selected text.
Paste
Pastes the contents of your Clipboard to the Text
window.
Delete
Removes the selected text.
Change Background Color
Opens the system color picker, so you can assign a
new color to the background of the text entry area.
This is useful if your text is grayscale, making it
difficult to see over the default background.
Texture Tab
Parameter
Description
Map Method
Lets you choose the method in which the texture is
mapped.
Clip
Sizes and positions the texture image on the text.
Position X and Y
Lets you move the center of the texture image along
the X and Y axis. This repositions the texture within
the text.
Scale X and Y
Lets you change the size of the texture image along
the X and Y axis.
Stretch
Sizes the texture image to fit the text.
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
Parameter
Description
Tile
Repeats the texture image on the face of the text.
When you select Tile, decrease the Scale X and
Scale Y parameters to better see the tiled image
within the text.
Position X and Y
Lets you move the center of the texture image along
the X and Y axis. This repositions the texture within
the text.
Scale X and Y
Lets you change the size of the texture image along
the X and Y axis.
Apply To
Lets you apply the texture media to the text or
backdrop.
Text Window Tabs
The Text Window tabs allow you to add effects to text. The tabs in this window include:
•
Style Tab
•
Page Tab on page 484
•
Fill Tab on page 485
•
Border Tab on page 485
•
Shadow Tab on page 486
Style Tab
482
Parameter
Description
Font
Lists all fonts available on the system.
Font buttons
Browse through list of fonts.
•
Left button moves to the previous font in the list.
•
Right button moves to the next font in the list.
Working with the Style Palette
Parameter
Description
Style buttons
Apply styles to selected characters. The styles
include:
Style Skew X, Style
Skew Y
•
Normal
•
Bold
•
Italic
•
Underline
•
Superscript
•
Subscript
Distort the selected characters along the horizontal
and vertical axis.
Style Skew Y
Style Skew X
Style Hue
Affects the color value of all the style elements with
a single parameter. Acts as a filter changing the
appearance of the overall text.
Original color value
Adjusted color value
using Style Hue
Font Size
Selects a font size from the menu options.
Size buttons
Scale the size of fonts by integers of 10.
•
The left button increases the scale.
•
The right button decreases the scale.
Justification buttons
Align text horizontally.
Fixed Width
Forces the selected text spacing to be the same even
when the letters change.
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
Parameter
Description
Tracking
Adjusts the spacing in pixels between the characters
in the Text window.
Style baseline
Adjusts the vertical position of the selected
characters in relation to the baseline.
•
Increase the value to raise the character above
the baseline.
•
Decrease the value to lower the character below
the baseline.
Kerning
Adjusts the spacing, in pixels, between the selected
group of characters.
Style Scale X, Style
Scale Y
Set the scale of the selected characters along the
horizontal and vertical axis.
Leading
Adjusts the spacing, in pixels, between multiple
lines of text.
Page Tab
Parameter
Description
Text Wrap
Controls the position of the text when the text is wider
than the screen. The options include:
No Wrap: Creates a text crawl.
Wrap: Creates additional lines of text if the text exceeds
the chosen Page Width value.
484
Page Width
Sets a line limit after which the text wraps to the next line.
Enter a value in the field or move the slider to adjust the
limit.
Top Down Text
Text read vertically.
Right to Left Reading
Creates text that reads from right to left.
Working with the Style Palette
Fill Tab
Parameter
Description
Fill On
Select to turn off the fill.
Deselect to use the Text window fill option.
Blend Type
Determines how the Fill Type is blended if any
characters overlap each other. The options include:
Normal: Uses the Normal Apply Mode.
Add: Uses the Add Apply Mode.
Subtract: Uses the Subtract Apply Mode.
Fill Opacity
Adjusts the opacity of the fill.
A value of 100 makes the text opaque.
A value of 0 makes the text transparent.
Fill Color
Sets the color of the fill.
Border Tab
Parameter
Description
Border Style tabs
Creates a new border style. Click the check box to
select the style.
Edge Style
Controls the style of the border. Each style displays
its own controls. The Edge Style menu includes the
following options:
Plain: Applies a flat border.
Bevel: Creates a beveled border effect.
Radial: Creates a glowing border effect.
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
Parameter
Description
Position
Sets the location of the border. The menu options
include:
Inside: Positions the border on the inside edges of
the selected character(s).
Outside: Positions the border on the outside edges
of the selected character(s).
Center: Centers the border over the edges of the
selected character(s). Half of the border is on the
inside edge and half is on the outside edge.
Edge Softness
Softens the edge of the border.
Edge Color
Sets the color of the border for the selected
character(s). Use one of the methods to select the
color.
Color chip: Click to access the color picker.
RGB values: Enter values in the numerical fields.
Eyedropper: Click on the screen to select a color.
Edge Width
Sets the width in pixels for the border.
Edge Opacity
Adjusts the opacity of the border.
•
A setting of 100 makes the border opaque.
•
A setting of 0 makes the border transparent.
Shadow Tab
Parameter
Description
Shadow Style tabs
Creates a new shadow style. Click the check box to
select the style.
Shadow Type
Lets you choose a shadow type.
Drop Shadows: Fall a specified distance from the
object.
Cast Shadows: Appear to fall on another object.
Sets the appearance and shape of this type of
shadow depends on Shadow Distance.
Solid Shadows: Simulate the appearance of a 3D
object by applying a gradient to a shadow.
486
Working with the Style Palette
Parameter
Description
Shadow Color
Sets the color of the shadow. Use one of the
methods to select the color.
Color chip: Click to access the color picker.
RGB values: Enter values in the numerical fields.
Eyedropper: Click on the screen to select a color.
Shadow Distance
Shadow Opacity
Shadow Softness
Shadow Angle
Sets the distance between the shadow and the text.
•
A lower value offsets the text slightly.
•
Increase the value to create distinct shadows that
appear to fall on another surface.
Sets the degree of opacity.
•
A value of 100 makes the shadow opaque.
•
A value of 0 makes the shadow transparent.
Softens the edges of the shadows emulating
shadows cast by a diffuse light source.
•
A value of 0 creates shadows with a hard edge.
•
Increase this value to soften the shadow edges.
Sets the angle between the shadow and the
horizontal axis of the text.
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
Transform Tab Parameters
Parameter
Description
Tracking
Controls the global horizontal spacing of the
characters in the effect.
Leading
Adjusts the spacing between multiple lines of text.
Applies to all lines and is animatable.
Baseline
Adjusts the vertical position of the selected
character(s) in relation to the baseline of the text.
•
Decrease this value to move the bottom of the
character beneath the baseline.
•
Increase this value to move the character above
the baseline.
Applies to all characters and is animatable.
488
Letter Scale X, Letter
Scale Y
Sets the scale along the horizontal and vertical axis.
Letter Tumble. Letter Spin,
Letter Rotate
Rotates the text characters around their baseline’s X,
Y, and Z axes.
Text Wrap
Controls the position of the text when text is wider
than the screen. Options include Wrap and No
Wrap.
Top down
Reads the text vertically from top to bottom.
Right to Left
Reads the text from right to left.
Fixed Letter Width
Forces the selected text spacing to be consistent.
Justification buttons
Sets the justification for the text.
Letter Skew X, Letter
Skew Y
Distorts text along the horizontal and vertical axes.
Font
Lists all fonts available on the system.
Applies to all characters and is animatable.
Working with the Style Palette
Type-On Tab Parameters
Parameter
Description
Apply To menu
Determines how to apply the type on animation. The
options include:
Letter: Applies the effect to individual characters.
Word: Applies the effect to individual words.
Words are characters separated by a space.
Line: Applies the effect to individual lines. Lines
are characters separated by a space.
Order
Allows you to control the order in which the text
types on. The options include:
Forward: Moves the text on from left to right.
Reverse: Reverses the type on effect, so the text
starts typing on from the left.
Random. Types the text on randomly.
Text Type On
Adjusts the percentage of the text visible in each
frame in the timeline to create animated typing
effects.
Always Visible
Forces all text characters to remain visible.
Reveal Time
Controls the length of time each character is
animated during the effect.
Skew X, Skew Y
Sets the starting Skew values for the characters in
relation to their final skew values.
Acceleration
Lets you gradually accelerate the effect.
Overshoot
Lets you create bouncing text effects when
combined with any parameters except Fade.
Decay
Works in conjunction with the Overshoot parameter.
Decay is expressed as a percentage that allows you
to exponentially decrease the Overshoot.
Fade
Lets you gradually fade in successive characters.
Shift X, Shift Y
Adjusts the starting position of the characters in
relation to their destinations on the screen.
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Chapter 8 Working with Text
490
Parameter
Description
Tumble, Spin, Rotate
Set the starting values for the characters in relation
to the final values. Controlled by the Letter Tumble,
Letter Spin, and Letter Rotate values in the Text
Transformations tab and by the Tumble, Spin, and
Rotate controls the Shape track’s Position tab.
Jitter Position
Randomizes the position of the individual text
characters on the X and Y axes.
Jitter Angle
Randomizes the angle of the individual text
characters.
Jitter Scale
Randomizes the scale of the individual text
characters.
Chapter 9
Motion Tracking
Avid FX provides sophisticated tools to track or follow motion in an video or image
sequence. There are three effects or filters to assist you: Corner Pin Tracker, Motion
Stabilizer, and Motion Tracker.
•
Generating the Motion Path
•
Working with the Corner Pin Tracker on page 497
•
Working with the Motion Stabilizer on page 500
Generating the Motion Path
You can generate motion path data by estimating the motion of an object in a media file. You
can then use this data to control the motion of another aspect of the effect. For example, use
the Motion Tracker to create an effect in which text or a spline object follows a moving
object in a media file. You can also use Tracker data with filters, allowing you to cause
applied lights, blur, or other filters to follow an object.
n
The field order of the media you are using must match the field order setting in the in the
Import tab in the Preferences window.
If the media that you want to track is a different size than your Project size, you must load
the media into a Shape track and then drag the Shape track into the Motion Filter’s Source
track.
Overview of Using the Motion Tracker
Preview Monitor icon
These steps provide an overview of the Motion Tracker process. See the following sections
for the details.
Click the link to see detailed descriptions.
Chapter 9 Motion Tracking
To use the Motion Tracker:
1. Load the media to track into the Source track and set up the timeline to produce the
desired effect. The hierarchy of shape and filter tracks in the timeline, and the location
of the Motion Tracker filter track in this hierarchy, determines how the tracker data is
applied—see “Creating Motion Tracker Effects and Applying Tracker Data” on
page 493
2. Click the Preview Monitor icon in the Motion Tracker filter track to open a Preview
window for the track. You can then use the onscreen controls or controls in the Motion
Tracker’s Search/Target tab in the Controls window, to define the region to track—see
“Analyzing Motion” on page 496.
Also see “Search/Target Tab (Motion Tracker)” on page 502
n
You can only adjust the regions in the Motion Tracker filter track’s Preview window. The
Source track does not display the region controls.
3. Setup the regions, using the parameters in the Motion Tracker’s Search/Target and
Advanced tabs in the Controls window. You can apply up to four independent trackers,
control how data from the various trackers is averaged to produce the final data, and
otherwise fine-tune the process to produce a good track—see “Analyzing Motion” on
page 496.
Also see “Working with the Corner Pin Tracker” on page 497 and “Advanced Tab
(Motion Tracker)” on page 505.
4. If necessary, you can manually correct any errors in the generated data—see “Manually
Correcting Errors” on page 497 for more information.
5. Apply the Tracker data using the Motion Tracker’s Apply tab—see “Creating Motion
Tracker Effects and Applying Tracker Data” on page 493.
Also see Apply Tab (Motion Tracker) on page 507.
Using Multiple Trackers
You can use multiple trackers to average the results for more precise tracking or to track
irregularly shaped objects. For example, if you are tracking an animated 3D object, like a
bird or a car, you may want to use an average of several trackers. You can also use multiple
trackers or add keyframes if your primary tracker is obscured in one or more frames. For
information on using Multiple Trackers, see “Search/Target Tab (Motion Tracker)” on page
502.
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Generating the Motion Path
Creating Motion Tracker Effects and Applying Tracker Data
This section provides information on how to apply the Motion Tracker to the timeline to
produce different effects. Other timeline configurations are possible; these are simply the
most common applications.
Using Motion Tracker Data in a Shape Track
You can have one shape track (for example, a text track or a spline object) and follow a
moving point in another file.
To use Motion Tracker data in a shape track:
1. Create a shape track containing the file you want to track. This can be a movie file, a
host video track, or an animated still image file. Name this track Background. This track
will serve as the background of the effect.
2. Create another shape track containing the text, spline, or other object that you want to
follow the motion path. Name this track Track 1. This track’s position is adjusted by the
tracker data.
3. Position Track 1 above the Background track in the timeline. Apply the Motion Tracker
filter to Track 1. Unlike most filters, the Motion Tracker is applied downstream by
default—see “Upstream and Downstream Filters” on page 174.
4. Expand the Motion Tracker filter track to reveal the Source track. Assign the
Background track media to the Source track. You may want to create a duplicate of the
Background track and drag it into the Source track.
5. The Motion filters support Start Time, Clip Head and Clip Tail parameters which are set
in the Source track’s Media tab. The analysis starts at the Clip Head and ends at the Clip
Tail or the last frame of the effect, whichever is shorter. If you don’t want the filter to
apply to the entire track, set a new Clip Head and Tail—see “Importing Movie Files” on
page 143.
6. Generate tracker data—see “Analyzing Motion” on page 496.
7. If necessary, you can manually correct any errors in the generated data—see “Manually
Correcting Errors” on page 497.
8. Select the Motion Tracker track in the timeline. In the Controls window, select the
Apply tab.
9. Set Apply Tracker Data To: to Position.
Track 1 now follows the motion of the media in the Background track. You can continue
to animate or adjust Track 1 and/or the Source track without affecting the Motion
Tracker.
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Chapter 9 Motion Tracking
Using Motion Tracker Data in a Filter Track
You can follow a moving point in a file. This technique is useful when using a filter that has
position controls, (for example, Spotlight, Bulge, or Ripple). For example, you could track a
logo on a t-shirt and then use the Mosaic filter to make the logo unrecognizable.
You can also use this technique in filters that have a PixelChooser tab, since the
PixelChooser contains position controls. This allows you to selectively filter a specific area
in a moving image, like a face or logo to blur.
For a list of filters that can be used with the Motion Tracker and parameters in each filter to
which tracker data can be applied, see “Apply Tab (Motion Tracker)” on page 507.
To use Motion Tracker in a filter track:
1. Create a shape track containing the file you want to track. This can be a movie file, a
host video track, or an animated still image file. Name this track Track 1.
2. Apply the filter that you want to follow Track 1 directly to the timeline. Make sure that
the filter track is above Track 1 in the timeline.
3. Apply the Motion Tracker filter to timeline. Drag the Motion Tracker into the filter track
created in Step 2. Ordinarily, you cannot apply one filter to another filter in Avid FX, but
you can apply the Motion filters to other filter tracks.
4. Expand the Motion Tracker track to reveal the Source track. Assign the Track 1 media to
the Source track. You may want to create a duplicate of Track 1 and drag it into the
Source track.
5. The Motion filters support Start Time, Clip Head and Clip Tail parameters which are set
in the Source track’s Media tab. The analysis starts at the Clip Head and ends at the Clip
Tail or the last frame of the effect, whichever is shorter. If you don’t want the filter to
apply to the entire track, set a new Clip Head and Tail—see “Importing Movie Files” on
page 143.
6. Generate tracker data. For information on this process—see “Analyzing Motion” on
page 496.
7. If necessary, you can manually correct any errors in the generated data—see “Manually
Correcting Errors” on page 497.
8. Select the Motion Tracker track in the timeline. In the Controls window, select the
Apply tab. The Apply Tracker Data To menu updates automatically to display
parameters that can be affected by tracker data. The choices vary depending on the filter
you are using. Select the appropriate choice.
The filter now follows the motion in Track 1. You can still animate or otherwise adjust the
filter track and/or the Source track without affecting the Motion Tracker.
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Generating the Motion Path
Setting Target and Search Regions
Once you set up the timeline to produce the desired effect, you need to specify which point
or points you want to track. For each tracker you are using, a Target and Search region can
be defined in the source track. The Target region indicates the area in the media to track. The
Search region indicates the area in the media that the filter should search for the target.
To set Target and Search regions:
1. Click the Preview Monitor icon in the Motion Tracker filter track to open a Preview
window. The Preview window displays the media in the Source track and the onscreen
controls for the Target and Search regions.
Target region
Center Point
Search region
The Search and Target regions do not appear in the Composite window. They are only
visible in the Motion Tracker’s Preview window.
2. Select the first keyframe in the Source track. Define the Search and Target regions,
either by dragging the onscreen controls, or by using the parameters in the Search/Target
tab in the Controls window.
In the Preview window, you can drag the handles of either region to adjust the size and
shape of the region.
3. Drag inside the Target region to move both regions at once. Drag between the regions to
move the Search region.
n
If the default interpolation is set to Constant in the Preferences window, no keyframes are
generated for the Motion Tracker when you move the tracker target/search region. Save your
effect, exit and re-enter Avid FX, then set the default interpolation to something other than
Constant. After you do that you can open your saved effect and continue to work on it.
Tips for Selecting Target and Search Regions
•
A good Target region contains a high-contrast object with good vertical and horizontal
edge definition. Ideally, you should find a pattern that is visible in every frame.
•
The Search region should be large enough to accommodate the movement of the Target
region in the subsequent frame. However, processing time increases as the size of the
Search region increases, so do not make the Search region unnecessarily large.
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Chapter 9 Motion Tracking
•
If your image does not contain a high-contrast object to track, apply an Unsharp Mask
or Bright/Contrast filter to the Source track to increase the contrast for better results.
•
Work at High Quality and Full Resolution for the best results.You can work at Half or
Quarter Resolution to preview the motion path. If the tracker fails repeatedly, you may
have to work at Full Resolution.
Analyzing Motion
Analyze button
Once the Search and Target regions are defined, you are ready to generate tracker data.
You can work at Half or Quarter Resolution to achieve a preview of the motion path. If the
tracker fails repeatedly, you may have to work at Full Resolution.
To generate tracker data:
1. Select the Motion Tracker filter track in the timeline. In the Search/Target tab in the
Controls window, make sure that the tracker or trackers you are using are turned on. To
turn on a tracker, select the checkbox next to the tracker’s tab—see “Working with the
Corner Pin Tracker” on page 497.
2. The Motion filters support Start Time, Clip Head and Clip Tail parameters which are set
in the Source track’s Media tab. The analysis starts at the Clip Head and ends at the Clip
Tail or the last frame of the effect, whichever is shorter. If you don’t want to apply the
filter to the entire track, set a new Clip Head and Tail—see “Importing Movie Files” on
page 143.
3. Make sure the first keyframe in the Source track is selected, then click the Analyze
button in the lower-right corner of the Controls window to begin analyzing the motion.
4. A progress bar displays the progress of the analysis. Click Stop to stop the analysis or
Pause if you want to interrupt the analysis to work in another application, but resume
analyzing at a later time.
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Working with the Corner Pin Tracker
Manually Correcting Errors
If the Tracker cannot locate the Target region in the Search region during analysis, errors can
occur. You can use one of four methods to fine-tune your results:
•
Use multiple trackers to turn on a second tracker, select the checkbox next to the
tracker’s tab—see “Search/Target Tab (Motion Tracker)” on page 502
•
Adjust the parameters in the Advanced tab—see “Advanced Tab (Motion Tracker)” on
page 505
•
If this still doesn’t correct the error, you can manually correct the tracker position by
creating a new keyframe in the Motion Tracker track and creating a new Target and
Search area—see “Search/Target Tab (Motion Tracker)” on page 502.
•
Alternatively, you can select one or more points and manually move them. Once you
move the points, you can lock them.The Motion Tracker only updates the unlocked
points.
Correcting Individual Points
Use this procedure when you want to change or fix motion tracking points.
To adjust individual points:
1. Select the points that are generating errors. Click to select a single point or Shift-click to
select multiple contiguous points. You can also drag a marquee around multiple
contiguous points. To select multiple points that are not contiguous, Ctrl+select the
appropriate points.
Unlocked and unselected points display as a hollow square. Selected points display as a
solid square. Locked points display as a rounded solid square in a complementary color.
2. Drag a selected point to adjust it. Shift-drag to move a group of selected points.
3. After you select and adjust the points, press L to lock the points.
4. Click the Analyze button. The Motion Tracker tracks the points that are not locked. The
tracker picks up the Target and Search Regions from the locked points.
Working with the Corner Pin Tracker
Map media to a specific area on a moving object in a media file with the Corner Pin Tracker.
The Corner Pin Tracker filter includes cross-references to the Motion Tracker filter
documentation.
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Chapter 9 Motion Tracking
The Corner Pin Tracker and Motion Tracker filters share many common parameters, since
both filters employ motion trackers to produce effects. The main difference is that the
Motion Tracker uses motion data to affect a variety of shape and filter parameters in other
tracks in the timeline, while the Corner Pin Tracker has a more narrow focus. You can only
apply data created with the Corner Pin Tracker filter to the media in the Corner Pin Source
track.
Overview of Using the Corner Pin Tracker
The steps below provide an overview of the Corner Pin Tracker process. The sections that
follow provide detailed information on each step.
To use the Corner Pin Tracker filter:
1. Apply the Corner Pin Tracker filter directly to the timeline. You can apply the filter to a
shape track if you want, but the result is the same if the filter is a stand-alone track in the
timeline. Expand the Corner Pin Tracker filter track to reveal the nested tracks.
2. Import the media containing the moving area that you want to replace into the Motion
Tracker Source track.
3. Import the file containing the media you want to use to replace the moving area into the
Corner Pin Source track.
4. Click the Preview Monitor icon in the Corner Pin Tracker filter track to open a preview
window for the track. You can then use the onscreen controls, or controls in the Corner
Pin Tracker’s Search/Target tab in the Controls window, to place a motion tracker on
each of the four corners of the region to replace—see “Setting Target and Search
Regions” on page 499.
5. Generate the tracker data using the parameters in the Corner Pin Tracker’s Search/Target
and Advanced tabs in the Controls window. You can control how data from the various
trackers is averaged to produce the final data and otherwise fine-tune the process to
produce the desired track—see “Analyzing Motion” on page 496.
Also see “Search/Target Tab (Corner Pin Tracker)” on page 515 and “Advanced Tab
(Corner Pin Tracker)” on page 517.
6. The media in the Corner Pin Source track is automatically positioned in the region
defined by the four corner trackers. The media is distorted as necessary to fit the region
as it moves and changes shape. If necessary, you can manually correct any errors in the
generated data—see “Manually Correcting Errors” on page 497.
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Working with the Corner Pin Tracker
Setting Target and Search Regions
Once you set up the timeline to produce the desired effect, you need to specify the points
that you want to track. For each of the four trackers, a Target and Search region must be
defined in the Motion Tracker Source track. The Target region indicates the area to track.
The Search region indicates the area that the filter should search for the target. For best
results, one of the four trackers should be targeted on each corner of the region to replace.
To set Target and Search regions:
1. Click the Preview Monitor icon in the Motion Tracker filter track to open a Preview
window. The Preview window shows the media in the Motion Tracker Source track and
the onscreen controls for Target and Search regions of the motion tracker currently
selected in the Search/Target tab in the Controls window—see “Search/Target Tab
(Corner Pin Tracker)” on page 515.
Target region
Center Point
Search region
2. Select the first keyframe in the Source track. Position the Search and Target region of
tracker one on one of the corners of the area to replace. You can adjust the position of
the Search and Target regions either by dragging the onscreen controls, or by using the
parameters in the Search/Target tab in the Controls window.
In the Preview window, you can drag the handles of either region to adjust its size and
shape. Drag inside the Target region to move both regions at once. Drag between the
regions to move the Search region.
3. In the Controls window, select the second tracker tab. Position tracker two’s Search and
Target regions over another corner of the area to be replaced.
4. Repeat Step 3 with the third and fourth trackers, so that one tracker is positioned over
each corner of the area to replace.
Tips for Selecting Target and Search Regions
•
A good Target region contains a high-contrast object with good vertical and horizontal
edge definition. Ideally, you should find a pattern that is visible in every frame.
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Chapter 9 Motion Tracking
•
The Search region should be large enough to accommodate the movement of the Target
region in the subsequent frame. However, processing time increases as the size of the
Search region increases, so do not make the Search region unnecessarily large.
•
If your image does not contain a high-contrast object to track, apply an Unsharp Mask
or Bright/Contrast filter to the Source track to increase the contrast for better results.
•
Work at High Quality and Full Resolution for the best results.
•
Unlike the Motion Tracker and Motion Stabilizer filters, Corner Pin Tracker must
always use all four trackers and are always on. Analyze All is selected by default. If
Analyze All is deselected, only the active tracker is analyzed. In addition, there is no
reason to average tracker data, since each tracker is used as a corner.
Working with the Motion Stabilizer
The Motion Stabilizer filter allows you to stabilize shaky video footage. The Stabilizer uses
motion trackers to analyze one or more specified regions of motion and then adjusts the
track’s position point to compensate. During playback, the motion appears smooth because
the track moves incrementally to offset the unwanted motion. You can also stabilize just a
portion of a track to correct isolated camera bumps.
The Motion Stabilizer filter includes a number of cross-references to the Motion Tracker
filter documentation. The Motion Stabilizer and Motion Tracker are very similar in structure
and usage. The main difference between the two is that the Motion Tracker allows you to use
motion data to affect a variety of shape and filter parameters in other tracks in the timeline,
while the Motion Stabilizer has a more narrow focus. Data created with the Motion
Stabilizer filter is only applied to the position of the source media.
You may want to stabilize media that is smaller than your Project size. There are two ways to
do this. First, you can place media in a 3D Plane track that is nested inside the Motion
Stabilizer Source track. Alternatively, you can analyze the media in the Stabilizer with the
Project size set to the same size as the media. Once you are satisfied with the tracking data,
reset the size of the Project in the Preferences window. The Stabilizer data is preserved.
Overview of Using the Motion Stabilizer
The steps below provide an overview of the Motion Stabilizer process. The sections that
follow provide detailed information on each step.
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Working with the Motion Stabilizer
To use the Motion Stabilizer filter:
1. Apply the Motion Stabilizer filter to a shape track in the timeline. Expand the Motion
Stabilizer filter track to reveal the nested Source track. Import the media you want to
stabilize into the Source track.
2. Click the Preview Monitor icon in the Motion Stabilizer filter track to open a Preview
window. You can then use the onscreen controls, or controls in the Motion Stabilizer’s
Search/Target tab in the Controls window, to define the region(s) to analyze. See
“Search/Target Tab (Motion Stabilizer)” on page 509.
3. Generate the tracker using the parameters in the Motion Stabilizer’s Search/Target and
Advanced tabs in the Controls window. You can use up to four motion trackers, control
how data from the various trackers is averaged to produce the final data, and otherwise
fine-tune the process to produce the desired stabilization—see “Analyzing Motion” on
page 496 for information on this process.
For parameter descriptions, see “Search/Target Tab (Motion Stabilizer)” on page 509
and “Advanced Tab (Motion Stabilizer)” on page 512.
4. If necessary, you can manually correct any errors in the generated data—see “Manually
Correcting Errors” on page 497.
Using Multiple Trackers
You can use multiple trackers to average the results for more precise tracking or for
stabilizing irregularly shaped objects. You can also use multiple trackers or add keyframes if
your primary tracker is obscured in one or more frames.
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Chapter 9 Motion Tracking
Motion Filters
This section contains reference information about Motion filters.
•
Motion Tracker on page 502
•
Motion Stabilizer on page 509
•
Corner Pin Tracker on page 515
Motion Tracker
The Motion Tracker filter allows you to generate motion path data by estimating the motion
of an object in a media file. You can then use this data to control the motion of another
aspect of the effect.
n
All parameters in the Motion Tracker filter use Hold interpolation by default, regardless of
the default interpolation that you have set in your preferences. You should leave the
interpolation at Hold.
•
Search/Target Tab (Motion Tracker) on page 502
•
Advanced Tab (Motion Tracker) on page 505
•
Apply Tab (Motion Tracker) on page 507
Search/Target Tab (Motion Tracker)
The Search/Target tab lets you define up to four independent trackers.
Parameter
Description
Analyze All option
Select to create data for all active trackers when you
click the Analyze button.
Deselect to create data only for the currently
selected Tracker tab.
Draw Average option
502
Select to display in the Composite window the
average position of all of the analyzed trackers.
Working with the Motion Stabilizer
Parameter
Description
Tracker tab option
Select to enable the corresponding motion tracker.
Deselect the option to disable the tracker.
Color controls set the color for the Motion Tracker’s
onscreen Search and Target regions. This color is
used to draw the motion path created when the
tracker data is generated.
If you are using multiple trackers, choose a different
color for each to help identify each tracker in the
Preview window.
Tracker tab
Click to adjust the parameters for that tracker.
Draw Regions
Select to view the location of the Search and Target
regions at each frame in the timeline, after you
generate tracker data. The Search and Target regions
for the analyzed tracker are displayed in the Motion
Tracker Preview window.
Deselect this option to hide these regions. Tracker
Regions and the current center point are drawn in
complementary colors for that tracker.
Draw Centers
Select to view a motion path showing the location of
the center of the Target region at each frame in the
effect. The motion path for the analyzed tracker is
displayed in the Motion Tracker Preview window.
Deselect this option to hide the motion path.
The following examples show Draw Regions set to
On, the Draw Centers set to On, and the Draw
Regions and Draw Centers set to On.
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Chapter 9 Motion Tracking
Parameter
Description
Region Zoom menu
Select an option to zoom in on the Target region in
the Preview window, enabling you to precisely
position the Target. The options include:
Off. Uses the normal magnification.
2x, 3x, 4x, 5x, 6x, 7x, 8x. Use the corresponding
amount of magnification.
The first illustration shows Region Zoom set to Off
and the second shows Region Zoom set to 6x.
Target Left, Target Top,
Target Right, Target
Bottom
Adjust the size and position of each side of the
Target region.
Search Left, Search Top,
Search Right,
Search Bottom
Adjust the size and position of each side of the
Search region. You can also use onscreen controls to
adjust the Target and/or Search regions directly in
the Motion Tracker Preview window.
Weight Factor menu
Sets the weighting factor for each tracker’s
contribution to the average result. This allows you to
average the results of multiple trackers for more
precise tracking.
Select a number from the menu to indicate the
number of samples that are taken of that tracker.
Typically, you add weight to the tracker in which
you have the highest confidence.
If you are only using one tracker, the parameter has
no affect.
504
Working with the Motion Stabilizer
Advanced Tab (Motion Tracker)
The Advanced tab allows you to fine tune the motion tracking for more accurate results.
You can often adjust a failed tracker by increasing the Failure Threshold value. Typically the
Failure Threshold accuracy should be at least 90 percent for an accurate result. It is also
recommended that the Failure Threshold is close to or slightly below the Auto Update
Threshold value.
Parameter
Description
Pre-Blur option
Select to apply a blur to the image. The blur temporarily
reduces noise in the footage that can help produce better
tracks.
Track in Reverse
option
Select to track backwards. This is useful if the area you want
to track grows larger as the effect proceeds or if the area is
off screen at the beginning of the effect.
Input Channel menu
Select an option to determine which channel in the Source
track is used to calculate data. The option includes:
Luminance, Saturation, Red, Green, Blue. Experiment to
see which channel produces the best result in your effect.
Saturation in particular may be useful if the lighting in the
effect changes over time.
Sub-Pixel Accuracy menu
Select an option to estimate motion to an accuracy of a
fraction of a pixel. Select the accuracy you need up to 1/256
of a pixel.
Smaller fractions provide higher accuracy but may take
longer to estimate.
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Chapter 9 Motion Tracking
Parameter
Description
Target Update Criteria menu
Determines how often the motion of the target is estimated.
The choices include:
Always Update. Creates the motion estimation between two
adjacent frames in time.
No Update. Creates the estimation between the frame at the
keyframe and the current frame. If your target object does
not change through the course of the video, use the No
Update or Auto Update option.
Auto Update. Creates the estimation once with the target
from the previous keyframe. If the estimation fails—that is,
the error is greater than the Threshold setting, then the
estimation is re-calculated with an updated target. If the
tracker fails again, the tracker will either project the previous
estimate or assume no motion, depending on the Failure
Mode and Failure Threshold.
Threshold
Determines the quality at which the tracker should revert to
another update method by measuring the similarity between
the target image and the best match in the search region.
Requires Target Update Criteria menu option set to Auto
Update.
Failure Mode menu
Select an option if the quality is below the Threshold value.
The choices include:
Continue. Causes the tracker to project the data from the
previous frame. This preserves the object's inertia. Use the
Failure Threshold to adjust the accuracy.
Wait. Assumes no motion, forcing you to set a new keyframe
to continue the analysis. Useful when an object moves off
screen and returns. The tracker will wait until the object
returns and detect the object. Use the Failure Threshold to
adjust the accuracy.
Ignore. Does not use the Failure Threshold setting, so the
tracking data is returned regardless of quality.
Stop Tracking. Does not use the Failure Threshold setting.
It simply stops the tracking so that you can reset your Search
and Target parameters.
Color
506
Specifies the color used to draw the average position of the
trackers.
Working with the Motion Stabilizer
Apply Tab (Motion Tracker)
The Apply tab allows you to apply the motion data created by the Motion Tracker filter.
Parameter
Description
Apply Tracker Data
To menu
Select an option to apply the filter to the timeline.
The options include:
Position. Applies the result to the Position X and
Position Y of the Shape track. Position adjusts the
location of the shape.
Pivot. Applies the result to the pivot point of the
Shape track. The pivot point is the center around
which the shape pivots or rotates.
Camera. Applies the result to the Camera X and
Camera Y point of the Shape track. Camera X and
Camera Y set the position of the focal point of the
camera.
Light 1. Applies the result to the Light X and Light
Y Source of the Shape track. The source point sets
the location of the light.
2D Particles: Center. Sets the center point from,
toward, or around which the particles move when
Velocity type is set to Centripetal, Centrifugal,
Spiral CW, or Spiral CCW.
2D Particles Advanced: Center. Sets the center
point from, toward, or around which the particles
move when Velocity type is Centripetal,
Centrifugal, Spiral CW, or Spiral CCW. Gravity
applies a secondary force to the particles’
movement.
Apply Tracker Data
To menu (continued)
3D Image Shatter: Center. Sets the center point
from, toward, or around which the particles move
when Velocity type is set to Centripetal,
Centrifugal, Spiral CW, or Spiral CCW. Gravity
applies a secondary force to the particles’
movement in addition to their normal velocities.
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Chapter 9 Motion Tracking
Parameter
Description
Alpha Spotlight: Near Corner. Sets the point in
the lit region that is closest to the light source. Far
Corner sets the point in the lit region that is farthest
from the light source. Displace Light displaces the
Near and Far Corners by the same amount.
Bulge: Center. Positions the center of the bulge or
depression. Pin 1 Point and Pin 2 Point set the
position of the Pin 1 and Pin 2 points.
Burnt Film: Position. Controls the pattern of the
burn holes at a given point by moving through the
procedural noise from where the effect is generated.
Comet: Source. Sets the location of the comet’s
source point. Destination sets the comet’s
destination point.
Displacement Map: Pin 1 Point and Pin 2 Point.
Set the position of the Pin 1 and Pin 2 points,
respectively.
Fire: Position. Sets the location of the center of the
fire effect.
Light Sweep: Center. Positions the center of the
light sweep.
Particle System: Producer. Sets the coordinates of
the particle source point. Position sets the location
of the attractor point.
Polar Displacement: Center. Sets the center point
for the radial and angular displacements. Pin 1 Point
and Pin 2 Point set the position of the Pin 1 and Pin
2 points.
Apply Tracker Data
To menu (continued)
Reverse Spotlight: Near Corner. Sets the point in
the lit region that is closest to the light source. Far
Corner sets the point in the lit region that is farthest
from the light source. Displace Light displaces the
Near and Far Corners by the same amount.
Rain: Pan. Adjusts the perspective view of the
effect.
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Working with the Motion Stabilizer
Parameter
Description
Ripple: Center. Sets the position of the center of
the ripple. Pin 1 Point and Pin 2 Point set the
position of the Pin 1 and Pin 2 points.
Scatterize: Center. Positions the center of the
effect when Scatter style is set to Radial.
Snow: Pan. Adjusts the perspective view of the
effect.
Sparks: Producer. Sets the coordinates of the
sparks’ source point.
Spotlight: Light Source. Sets the position of light
source. Target sets the point on the image plane at
which the spotlight is aimed. Displace Light
displace the light Source and Target point by the
same amount.
Stars: Pattern. Sets the position of the star map and
changes the random configuration.
Vector Displacement: Pin 1 Point and Pin 2
Point. Set the position of the Pin 1 and Pin 2 points.
Wave: Peak. Sets the position of the Peak point.
Decay. Sets the position of the Decay point.
Pin 1 Point and Pin 2 Point. Set the position of the
Pin 1 and Pin 2 points.
Motion Stabilizer
The Motion Stabilizer filter allows you to stabilize shaky video footage. The Stabilizer uses
motion trackers to analyze one or more specified regions of motion and then adjusts the
track’s position point to compensate.
•
Search/Target Tab (Motion Stabilizer) on page 509
•
Advanced Tab (Motion Stabilizer) on page 512
•
Motion Tracker on page 502
Search/Target Tab (Motion Stabilizer)
The Search/Target tab lets you define up to four independent trackers.
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Chapter 9 Motion Tracking
Parameter
Description
Analyze All option
Select to create data for all active trackers when you
click the Analyze button.
Deselect to create data only for the currently
selected Tracker tab.
Draw Average option
Select to display in the Composite window the
average position of all of the analyzed trackers.
Tracker tab option
Select to enable the corresponding motion tracker.
Deselect the option to disable the tracker.
Color controls set the color for the Motion Tracker’s
onscreen Search and Target regions. This color is
used to draw the motion path created when the
tracker data is generated.
If you are using multiple trackers, choose a different
color for each to help identify each tracker in the
Preview window.
Tracker tab
Click to adjust the parameters for that tracker.
Draw Regions
Select to view the location of the Search and Target
regions at each frame in the timeline, after you
generate tracker data. The Search and Target regions
for the analyzed tracker are displayed in the Motion
Tracker Preview window.
Deselect this option to hide these regions. Tracker
Regions and the current center point are drawn in
complementary colors for that tracker.
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Working with the Motion Stabilizer
Parameter
Description
Draw Centers
Select to view a motion path showing the location of
the center of the Target region at each frame in the
effect. The motion path for the analyzed tracker is
displayed in the Motion Tracker Preview window.
Deselect this option to hide the motion path.
The following examples show Draw Regions set to
On, the Draw Centers set to On, and the Draw
Regions and Draw Centers set to On.
Region Zoom menu
Select an option to zoom in on the Target region in
the Preview window, enabling you to precisely
position the Target. The options include:
Off. Uses the normal magnification.
2x, 3x, 4x, 5x, 6x, 7x, 8x. Use the corresponding
amount of magnification.
The first illustration shows Region Zoom set to Off
and the second shows Region Zoom set to 6x.
Target Left, Target Top,
Target Right, Target
Bottom
Adjust the size and position of each side of the
Target region.
Search Left, Search Top,
Search Right,
Search Bottom
Adjust the size and position of each side of the
Search region. You can also use onscreen controls to
adjust the Target and/or Search regions directly in
the Motion Tracker Preview window.
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Chapter 9 Motion Tracking
Parameter
Description
Weight Factor menu
Sets the weighting factor for each tracker’s
contribution to the average result. This allows you to
average the results of multiple trackers for more
precise tracking.
Select a number from the menu to indicate the
number of samples that are taken of that tracker.
Typically, you add weight to the tracker in which
you have the highest confidence.
If you are only using one tracker, the parameter has
no affect.
Advanced Tab (Motion Stabilizer)
The Advanced tab of the Motion Stabilizer effect lets you fine tune the motion tracking for
more accurate results.
Parameter
Description
Pre-Blur option
Select to apply a blur to the image. The blur
temporarily reduces noise in the footage, which can
help produce better tracks.
n
Selecting Pre-Blur is recommended when you
are stabilizing footage in which the motion is
about one pixel or less.
Track in Reverse
option
Select to track backwards. Use if the area you want
to track grows larger as the effect proceeds or if the
area is off screen at the beginning of the effect.
Input Channel menu
Select an option to determine which channel in the
Source track is used to calculate data. The options
include:
Luminance, Saturation, Red, Green, Blue.
Experiment to see which channel produces the best
result. Saturation is useful if the lighting in the
effect changes over time.
Sub-Pixel Accuracy
menu
512
Allows you to select the accuracy you need from up
to 1/256 of a pixel. Smaller fractions provide higher
accuracy but may take longer to estimate.
Working with the Motion Stabilizer
Parameter
Description
Target Update Criteria
menu
Determines how often the motion of the target is
estimated. The choices include:
Always Update. Estimates the motion between two
adjacent frames in time.
No Update. Estimates between the frame at the
keyframe and the current frame. If your target object
does not change through the course of the video, use
the No Update or Auto Update option.
Auto Update. Estimates once with the target from
the previous keyframe. If the estimation fails, the
estimation is re-calculated with an updated target. If
the tracker fails again, the tracker projects the
previous estimate or assumes no motion, depending
on the Failure Mode and Failure Threshold.
Threshold
Failure Mode menu
Is only visible in Auto Update Mode and determines
the quality at which the tracker reverts to another
update method. The quality is determined by
measuring the similarity between the target image
and the best match in the search region.
•
If the quality using No Update falls below 50
percent, the tracker tries again using the Update
mode.
•
If Threshold is set to 100, the filter always uses
the No Update mode.
After trying both No Update and Update modes, the
quality is still below the Threshold value, the tracker
uses the parameter settings. The options include:
Continue. Projects the data from the previous
frame. This preserves the object's inertia.
Wait. Assumes no motion, forcing you to set a new
keyframe to continue the analysis. Use for an object
that moves off screen and returns. The tracker waits
until the object returns and detects the object.
Ignore. Does not use the Failure Threshold setting,
so the tracking data is returned regardless of quality.
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Chapter 9 Motion Tracking
Parameter
Description
Stabilize Direction menu
Use for an image that is unstable on one axis but
moving on the other axis. The options include:
Any Direction. Stabilizes all motion.
X Only. Stabilizes the X axis of motion.
Y Only. Stabilizes the Y axis of motion.
Color
Specifies the color used to draw the average position
of the trackers. Requires the Search/Target tab set to
Draw/Average.
See “Working with the Corner Pin Tracker” on
page 497 for more information on the Draw Average
parameter.
Scale X
Scale Y
Scale the rendered image after tracker data is
applied.
If you want to adjust the scale of the image, you
should use these parameters instead of the Scale
parameters in the Shape tracks’s Position Tab, since
this filter performs its own rendering.
n
You can often adjust a failed tracker by increasing the Failure Threshold value. Typically the
Failure Threshold accuracy should be at least 90 percent for an accurate result. It is also
recommended that the Failure Threshold is close to or slightly below the Auto Update
Threshold value.
Transform Tab (Motion Stabilizer)
The Transform tab allows you to choose how to calculate the tracker data when you work
with more than one tracker.
Parameter
Description
Transformations menu
Select an option to calculate the tracker data.
XY Motion Only. Tracks the motion on the X and
Y axis only.
Rotation and Scale. Takes rotation and scale into
account when stabilizing.
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Working with the Motion Stabilizer
Parameter
Description
Pivot Point menu (requires
Rotation and Scale option)
Determines which Motion Tracker is used as a Pivot
Point. This point should be the point that you
stabilize to, so it should not scale or rotate and
should be near the rotation axis.
Angle/Scale Point menu
(requires Rotation and
Scale option)
Sets the point that scales or rotates.
Corner Pin Tracker
With these exceptions, the parameters in the Corner Pin Tracker’s Search/Target tab are
identical to the corresponding controls in the Motion Tracker filter
•
Search/Target Tab (Corner Pin Tracker) on page 515
•
Advanced Tab (Corner Pin Tracker) on page 517
•
Crop Source Tab (Corner Pin Tracker) on page 519
Search/Target Tab (Corner Pin Tracker)
The Search/Target tab lets you define the four corner pin trackers.
Unlike the Motion Tracker and Motion Stabilizer filters, Corner Pin Tracker must always use
all four trackers and are always on. Analyze All is selected by default. If Analyze All is
deselected, only the active tracker is analyzed. In addition, there is no reason to average
tracker data, since each tracker is used as a corner.
Parameter
Description
Analyze All option
Select to create data for all active trackers when you click the
Analyze button.
Deselect to create data only for the currently selected Tracker tab.
Draw Average option
Select to display in the Composite window the average position of
all of the analyzed trackers.
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Chapter 9 Motion Tracking
Parameter
Description
Tracker tab option
Select to enable the corresponding motion tracker.
Deselect the option to disable the tracker.
Color controls set the color for the Motion Tracker’s onscreen
Search and Target regions. This color is used to draw the motion
path created when the tracker data is generated.
If you are using multiple trackers, choose a different color for each
to help identify each tracker in the Preview window.
Tracker tab
Click to adjust the parameters for that tracker.
Draw Regions
Select to view the location of the Search and Target regions at each
frame in the timeline, after you generate tracker data. The Search
and Target regions for the analyzed tracker are displayed in the
Motion Tracker Preview window.
Deselect this option to hide these regions. Tracker Regions and the
current center point are drawn in complementary colors for that
tracker.
Draw Centers
Select to view a motion path showing the location of the center of
the Target region at each frame in the effect. The motion path for
the analyzed tracker is displayed in the Motion Tracker Preview
window.
Deselect this option to hide the motion path.
Region Zoom menu
Select an option to zoom in on the Target region in the Preview
window, enabling you to precisely position the Target. The options
include:
Off. Uses the normal magnification.
2x, 3x, 4x, 5x, 6x, 7x, 8x. Use the corresponding amount of
magnification.
Target Left, Target Top, Adjust the size and position of each side of the Target region.
Target Right, Target
Bottom
Search Left, Search
Top, Search Right,
Search Bottom
516
Adjust the size and position of each side of the Search region. You
can also use onscreen controls to adjust the Target and/or Search
regions directly in the Motion Tracker Preview window.
Working with the Motion Stabilizer
Parameter
Description
Weight Factor menu
Sets the weighting factor for each tracker’s contribution to the
average result. This allows you to average the results of multiple
trackers for more precise tracking.
Select a number from the menu to indicate the number of samples
that are taken of that tracker. Typically, you add weight to the
tracker in which you have the highest confidence.
If you are only using one tracker, the parameter has no affect.
Advanced Tab (Corner Pin Tracker)
The parameters in the Advanced tab lets you fine-tune the motion tracking for more accurate
results.
Parameter
Description
Pre-Blur option
Select to apply a blur to the image. The blur temporarily
reduces noise in the footage, which can help produce better
tracks.
n
Selecting Pre-Blur is recommended when you are
stabilizing footage in which the motion is about one
pixel or less.
Track in Reverse
option
Select to track backwards. Use if the area you want to track
grows larger as the effect proceeds or if the area is off screen
at the beginning of the effect.
Input Channel menu
Select an option to determine which channel in the Source
track is used to calculate data. The options include:
Luminance, Saturation, Red, Green, Blue.
Experiment to see which channel produces the best result.
Saturation is useful if the lighting in the effect changes over
time.
Sub-Pixel Accuracy
menu
Allows you to select the accuracy you need from up to 1/256
of a pixel. Smaller fractions provide higher accuracy but
may take longer to estimate.
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Chapter 9 Motion Tracking
Parameter
Description
Target Update Criteria
menu
Determines how often the motion of the target is estimated.
The choices include:
Always Update. Estimates the motion between two
adjacent frames in time.
No Update. Estimates between the frame at the keyframe
and the current frame. If your target object does not change
through the course of the video, use the No Update or Auto
Update option.
Auto Update. Estimates once with the target from the
previous keyframe. If the estimation fails, the estimation is
re-calculated with an updated target. If the tracker fails
again, the tracker projects the previous estimate or assumes
no motion, depending on the Failure Mode and Failure
Threshold.
Threshold
Failure Mode menu
Is only visible in Auto Update Mode and determines the
quality at which the tracker reverts to another update
method. The quality is determined by measuring the
similarity between the target image and the best match in
the search region.
•
If the quality using No Update falls below 50 percent,
the tracker tries again using the Update mode.
•
If Threshold is set to 100, the filter always uses the No
Update mode.
After trying both No Update and Update modes, the quality
is still below the Threshold value, the tracker uses the
parameter settings. The options include:
Continue. Projects the data from the previous frame. This
preserves the object's inertia.
Wait. Assumes no motion, forcing you to set a new
keyframe to continue the analysis. Use for an object that
moves off screen and returns. The tracker waits until the
object returns and detects the object.
Ignore. Does not use the Failure Threshold setting, so the
tracking data is returned regardless of quality.
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Working with the Motion Stabilizer
Parameter
Description
Stabilize Direction menu
Use for an image that is unstable on one axis but moving on
the other axis. The options include:
Any Direction. Stabilizes all motion.
X Only. Stabilizes the X axis of motion.
Y Only. Stabilizes the Y axis of motion.
Color
Specifies the color used to draw the average position of the
trackers. Requires the Search/Target tab set to
Draw/Average.
See “Working with the Corner Pin Tracker” on page 497 for
more information on the Draw Average parameter.
Scale X
Scale Y
Scale the rendered image after tracker data is applied.
If you want to adjust the scale of the image, you should use
these parameters instead of the Scale parameters in the
Shape tracks’s Position Tab, since this filter performs its
own rendering.
Crop Source Tab (Corner Pin Tracker)
The Crop Source tab lets you adjust the size of media in the Corner Pin Source track.
Parameter
Description
Crop Left, Crop Top, Crop Right,
Crop Bottom
Determine the width, in pixels, of the cropped area on
each edge of the image.
Edge Softness
Softens the edge of the image.
Scale X,
Scale Y
n
•
A value of 0 creates a hard edge.
•
Increase this value increasingly to soften the edge of
the image.
Scale the rendered image after tracker data is applied on
the X and Y axis
If you want to adjust the scale of the image, you should use these Scale parameters instead of
the Scale parameters in the Shape track’s Position Tab, since this filter performs its own
rendering.
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Chapter 9 Motion Tracking
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Chapter 10
Using Spline Media
A powerful feature of Avid FX is the ability to create, import, and edit vector-based
media. Spline object and primitive media allow you to accomplish these tasks
including converting text characters to spline objects in order to edit and animate.
•
Working with Spline Object Media on page 521
•
Working with the Spline Primitive Media Type on page 546
•
Editing Spline Object and Spline Primitive Media on page 549
•
Converting Still Image Files into Vectors on page 556
Working with Spline Object Media
Spline object media lets you to create, animate and edit shapes composed of splines or
paths. It offers many options for drawing custom splines.
You should use the 3D Plane or 3D Line Art shape to create two dimensional forms or
use the 3D Extrusion shape to extrude the spline, creating a three-dimensional object.
Setting Spline Options
To set spline options:
1. Select Window > Show Spline Palette.
2. The Options Palette opens to the Spline tab.
Chapter 10 Using Spline Media
3. Use the Freehand Tolerance menu to set the mouse sensitivity and determine the
number of points that are created when you draw a spline object. A higher number
means fewer anchor points along the path. A lower value means more points along a
path because the mouse is more sensitive to movement.
4. Use the Onion-Skin Frames to set the number of onion-skins around the current frame.
For example, if Onion-Skin Frames is 3, the Composite window displays the current
shape and onion-skins for the previous and next three frames.
5. Use Onion-Skin Step to specify the spacing of the onion-skinned frames. For example,
if Onion-Skin Step is 2, Onion-Skin Frames is 3, and the current frame is 10, the
Composite window displays the current shape of the spline and onion-skins of the spline
as it appears in frames 4, 6, 8, 12, 14, and 16.
6. When the Show Onion-Skin checkbox is selected, the Composite window displays
onion-skins as residual images to facilitate spline animation. The outline of the spline as
it appeared in the previous frames and as it will appear in the next few frames display in
the Composite window when the Path track is selected in the timeline.
7. When the Sticky Tools checkbox is selected, Avid FX remembers your Tool window
selection as you switch between tracks. For example, if you use the Brush tool to create
a brush stroke, then create a Spline Object track with the Oval tool. When you select the
brush track, the Tool window automatically selects the Brush tool. If you then select the
Oval track, the Oval tool is automatically selected.
Creating Spline Objects
There are three types of spline object that you can create as tracks on the timeline.
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Working with Spline Object Media
You can create a spline track by using buttons available in the timeline area or on the track
itself.
To create a spline track using timeline buttons:
Spline Object Type
Method
Button
3D Line Art
Click the Add Spline Media button in the timeline.
You cannot use the Brush tool with 3D Line Art so the tool
is dimmed in the Tool window
3D Plane
Click the Add Paint Layer button in the timeline.
When you select the track, the Tool window opens with
the Brush tool selected.
3D Extrusion
Click the Add Extruded Pencil button on the timeline.
This creates freeform three-dimensional shapes.
When you click this track, the Tool window opens with
the Pencil tool selected.
To create a spline track directly on the timeline track:
1. Click the Change Track Media button and select Spline Object.
Change Track
Media button
2. Click the Change Track Shape button and select the type of spline object.
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Change Track
Shape button
By default, spline object tracks are named Spline Track. When you rename the track, it
retains the name even if you change the track’s media type.
Drawing Spline Objects
Always select spline media track in the timeline to create a spline object. Once you select the
correct track, use the tools such as the Pen, Oval and Brush, in the Tool window to draw a
shape and create new splines.
After creating or drawing splines, you can edit them by using the tools available in the Tools
window. Depending on which tool you are using, you can edit the shape by dragging the tool
in the Composite window. Use the bounding box and handles.
Bounding box
Handle
Using The Tool Window
The Tool window contains a number of tools that you can use to create and edit spline
objects by clicking and dragging in the Composite window. Several tools work regardless of
the selected track’s media type, but most work exclusively with the spline object media type.
Click on a tool to begin using it.
Also see “Avid FX Keyboard Shortcuts” on page 9.
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Solid Arrow tool
Hollow Arrow tool
Rotate tool
Text tool
Oval tool
Rectangle tool
Scissors tool
Pen tool
Pencil tool
Multi-Frame mode
Mirror mode
Brush tool
Spray Brush tool
Clone Brush tool
Roller Brush tool
Eraser tool
Bitmap to
Vector tool
Magnifying Glass
tool
Hand tool
Skew tool
OpenGL Translation
interactors
OpenGL Scale
interactors
OpenGL Rotate
interactors
Many tools perform several different functions that are accessed by pressing modifier keys
on the keyboard while clicking and/or dragging the tool in the Composite window.
When you set a track’s media type to Spline Object, the Tool window opens automatically.
n
When Caps Lock is on, all tools use a cross-hair cursor instead of the regular tool icons. The
crosshair is useful for precisely positioning the tool in the Composite window.
Using the Solid Arrow Tool
Solid Arrow tool
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The Solid Arrow tool is the default tool. Use the Solid Arrow tool to adjust on-screen
controls such as position points, motion paths, and shape outlines or to select shape tracks in
the timeline by clicking in the Composite window. It works with all shapes and media types,
not just splines.
Using the Hollow Arrow Tool
Hollow Arrow tool
The Hollow Arrow tool is used only with splines. Use it to select a spline object by clicking
the object in the Composite window. When a spline is selected, a bounding box
automatically appears around the spline. Click and drag the bounding box to transform the
spline.
To use the Hollow Arrow tool:
1. Drag a horizontal midpoint of the bounding box to adjust the scale of the object on the X
axis.
2. Drag a vertical midpoint of the bounding box to adjust the scale of the object along the
Y axis.
3. Drag a corner point of the bounding box to adjust the X and Y scale of the spline
simultaneously.
4. Shift-drag to maintain the spline’s aspect ratio.
5. Press the Ctrl key while dragging a corner point to rotate the object.
6. Press the Ctrl key while dragging a midpoint to skew the object.
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Working with Spline Object Media
7. Drag the spline outline itself to reposition the object.
8. When the Hollow Arrow tool is selected, you can press Ctrl+A to select all the splines in
the Composite window. Press Shift+A to deselect the splines.
You can also “nudge” splines by one pixel at a time when the Hollow Arrow tool is
selected.
To nudge a complete spline:
1. Select the spline using the Hollow Arrow tool.
2. Press The Left, Right, Up or Down Arrow key.
The spline moves in the appropriate direction by one pixel per keystroke.
3. Shift-clicking an Arrow key nudges the spline by ten pixels in the appropriate direction.
Using the Rotate Tool
Rotate tool
The Rotate tool rotates spline objects around the Z axis.
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To use the Rotate tool:
1. Select the spline so the bounding box appears.
2. Click-drag a corner point and to the desired location.
Using the Text Tool
Text tool
The Text tool allows you to type text directly over the image in the Composite window.
Also see “Working with the Text Tool” on page 417.
Using the Oval Tool
Oval tool
The Oval tool creates ovals and circles.
To create an oval:
1. Click and drag diagonally in the Composite window.
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Working with Spline Object Media
2. For an oval centered around the cursor, press the Ctrl key while clicking and dragging.
To create a circle:
•
Do one of the following:
• To create a circle, press the Shift key as you click and drag in the Composite window.
• To create a circle centered around the cursor, press the Shift key and the Ctrl key while
clicking and dragging.
Using the Rectangle Tool
Rectangle tool
The Rectangle tool creates rectangular or square spline objects.
To create a rectangle:
1. Click and drag the Rectangle tool diagonally in the Composite window.
2. To create an rectangle centered around the cursor, press the Ctrl key while clicking and
dragging the Rectangle tool.
To create a square:
•
Do one of the following:
• Press the Shift key as you click and drag the Rectangle tool in the Composite window.
• To create an square centered around the cursor, press both the Shift and the Ctrl key
while clicking and dragging the Rectangle tool.
Using the Scissors Tool
Scissors tool
The Scissors tool cuts splines in two.
To use the Scissors tool:
•
Click one of the spline’s control points in the Composite window.
The spline is cut at the control point, and two new control points are created, one on each cut
end of the spline.
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The Scissors tool only cuts splines at control points. If you want to cut a spline between
control points, use the Pen tool to create a new control point at the desired location and then
cut the spline.
Using the Pen Tool
Pen tool
The Pen tool creates spline objects by setting control points. A spline automatically joins the
control points in the order in which they are created. You can also use the Pen tool to add or
delete control points on splines, add or remove bézier handles on each control point, adjust
bézier handles to create curving or straight lines between control points, change and position
control points. For example, you can convert cusp points to smooth points and vice versa.
Drawing a spline:
1. Click a point in the Composite window.
2. Do the following for the type of point you want to use:
Type of Point
Cusp point
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Illustration
Method
Click the control point
Working with Spline Object Media
Type of Point
Illustration
Method
Smooth point with two
bézier handles
Click a point and drag the Pen
away from the point before
releasing the mouse
Tangent point with one
bézier handle
Press the Alt key as you click-drag
in the Composite window
3. To continue the spline, click another point in the Composite window to create a second
control point.
The first and second control points are joined automatically by a spline.
4. Continue creating control points until the shape is outlined.
To close the spline:
•
Click the initial control point.
To end the spline without closing it:
•
Select another tool from the Tool window, or press the Esc key.
To add a control point to an existing spline:
•
Press the Alt key and click the spline.
To adjust the control point bézier handles:
1. Click to select the control point.
2. Click and drag the Bézier handles to adjust the shape and tension of the line.
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If the point is a smooth point, adjust each handle separately by pressing the Alt key
while dragging the handle as shown in the following examples.
To convert a cusp or tangent point to a smooth point:
1. Select the point.
2. Do one of the following:
• Press the Ctrl key while clicking and dragging out from the control point.
• Select Tools > Smooth Points.
To convert a cusp point to a tangent point:
1. Select the point.
2. Press the Alt key while clicking and dragging out from the control point.
To remove a bézier handle from a tangent or smooth control point:
1. Select the point.
2. Do one of the following:
• Click the handle and drag it back into the control point.
• Select Tools > Cusp Points.
To reposition a control point:
1. Click to select the point.
2. Drag it to the desired location.
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Working with Spline Object Media
3. Press the Shift key to constrain movement to the horizontal or vertical axis.
To extend an open spline path:
1. Select a control point at one end of the spline.
2. Press the Alt key and click in the Composite window outside of the spline path.
A new control point is created at the cursor location and is added to the end of the
spline.
3. Release the Option or Alt key and continue clicking in the Composite window to add
control points.
4. When you finish, close the spline.
To nudge a single control point:
1. Select the point using the Pen tool.
2. Press the Ctrl key while pressing an arrow key.
The control point moves in the appropriate direction by one pixel per keystroke.
To delete a control point from a spline:
1. Select the point.
2. Press the Delete key.
Using the Pencil and Brush Tools
Pencil tool
Brush tool
The Pencil and Brush tools are used to create free form splines. You cannot use the Brush
tool when working with 3D Line Art and 3D Extrusion shapes.
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The Pencil tool creates unstroked splines with solid fill, while the Brush tool creates stroked
splines with soft edges and no fill. As you draw in the Composite window, Avid FX
automatically places control points along the spline.
After you finish drawing the spline, you can do the following:
•
Edit and adjust its control points using the Pen tool.
•
Adjust the properties of the brush as you wish—see “Paint Controls” on page 559 for a
description of the Brush properties.
•
If you want to add a custom gradient to the brush, use the Style Palette.
•
As with any other spline, you can modify the fill and stroke settings at any time using
the Path controls—see “Understanding Path Controls” on page 542.
Working in Multi-Frame Mode
Multi-Frame Mode button
Multi-Frame mode allows you to create static spline effects.
In Multi-Frame mode, any changes you make to a spline object in the Composite window
are applied globally to each frame in the effect. Adjusting splines is analogous to using the
Constant interpolation type except that Multi-Frame only affects the Spline’s Face. When
Multi-Frame is deselected, the spline animates between frames to reflect any changes you
make.
To enter Multi-Frame mode:
•
Do one of the following:
• Click the Multi-Frame Mode button in the Tool window.
• Select Tools > Multi-Frame Mode.
A check mark appears in the menu when this command is selected.
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Working in Mirror Mode
Mirror Mode tool
Mirror mode determines how splines are transformed when rotated or otherwise adjusted as
a group. When Mirror mode is deselected, the group of splines rotates around the center
point of the spline object whose corner point is being dragged.
To enter Mirror mode:
•
Do one of the following:
• Click the Mirror Mode button in the Tool window.
• Select Tools > Mirror Mode.
Here are some examples that show spline objects rotated with Mirror Mode off.
When Mirror mode is selected, each spline in a group of selected splines rotates on its on
center point.
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Using the Magnifying Glass Tool
Magnifying Glass tool
The Magnifying Glass tool adjusts the scale of the image in the Composite window.
•
To zoom in on a point, click in the Composite window.
•
To zoom out, press the Alt key while clicking.
The Magnifying glass adjusts the Composite window’s Scale setting by one step for
each click.
•
To exactly fit the image, shift-click the Composite window.
Using the Hand Tool
Hand tool
The Hand tool changes the view of the effect in the Composite window, allowing you to pan
around the image.
To use the Hand tool:
•
Click the Composite window and drag the hand in the direction you want to pan.
If the entire image is visible in the Composite window, the Hand tool has no affect.
Using the Fill and Stroke Color Chips
When you finish creating the spline, you can control the object’s stroke and fill using the Fill
and Stroke color chips in the Tool window. Select either chip by clicking it.
Swap
arrow
Stroke color chip
Fill color chip
You can also use the Path track control tabs. See “Understanding Path Controls” on
page 542.
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Working with Spline Object Media
To use the fill color as the stroke color:
•
Click the swap arrow in the corner of the color chips or press X to switch the colors.
The fill color is used as the stroke color and vice versa.
To change either color:
1. Double-click the appropriate chip.
2. In the system color picker, select a new color.
You can also set the fill properties by using the Fill tab in the Controls window.
Using Spline Objects as Masks
You can use spline objects as masks by dragging the spline track into the Mask track of
another track. See “Applying a Mask to a Track” on page 180.
Importing Spline Objects
You can use several methods to import existing vector information from Adobe® Illustrator®
into Avid FX and to convert EPS or text files to splines. After importing the splines, you can
animate and edit like any other spline object.
Copying and Pasting Paths from Adobe Illustrator
You can copy and paste paths directly from Adobe Illustrator into Avid FX.
To copy and paste files from Illustrator:
1. Set a shape track’s media type to Spline Object and shape type to 3D Line Art.
2. Open Illustrator.
3. Select the path you want to copy.
4. Select Edit > Copy or press Ctrl+C.
5. Making sure the Composite window is selected, paste the path.
A new spline media track containing the path from Illustrator is created. You can edit
the path as you would any other spline object.
Converting EPS Files to Spline Objects
Add EPS button
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EPS files created with Adobe Illustrator are imported into the Avid FX using the EPS File
media type. You can then convert the EPS files to spline objects and edit them.
Also see “Importing EPS Files” on page 148.
To convert EPS files to Spline Objects:
1. Click the Add EPS button to create a track that uses the 3D Line Art shape.
2. In the dialog box, navigate to the file and click Open.
3. Click the Media icon on the shape track and select Spline Object.
This converts the EPS file to a spline object composed of the original paths that were
used in Adobe Illustrator.
4. Edit these paths as you would any other spline object.
When Spline Primitives, EPS files or Text are converted to Spline Objects, they are
selected in the Composite window.
For information on editing splines, see “Using the Pen Tool” on page 530.
To import an EPS file into an existing track:
1. Click the Shape icon in the track and select 3D Line Art.
2. Click the Media icon and select EPS File from the menu.
Preserving the Original Layers in EPS Files
Add EPS button
The Illustrator file is flattened when imported. You can access the original layer information
in the imported media.
To preserve original layers:
1. Click the Add EPS button to create a track that uses the 3D Line Art shape.
2. In the dialog box, navigate to the EPS file and click Open.
3. Select the track and select Track > Convert to Container.
The EPS file is converted to a container in which the individual source layers are nested.
4. To convert the nested layer tracks to spline objects, click the Media icon on the shape
track.
5. Change each track’s media type from EPS File to Spline Object.
You can now adjust any of the tracks in the container, or adjust the container track to
affect all of the nested tracks.
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Media icon
The 3D Container controls also let you intersect the tracks in 3D space and apply lights
and shadows. You can use a different shape type for each track.
Converting Text to Spline Objects
You can create 2D or 3D text effects using the Text media type, and then change the media
type to Spline Object to edit the splines which form the text characters. This allows you to
animate the shape of the text. See “Converting Text and Text Backdrops to Spline Objects”
on page 448 for more information.
Animating Spline Objects
Unlike some of the other media types, you can animate all spline object in addition to the
shape track to which it is assigned.
Avid FX automatically creates a keyframe in the Path track at the CTI location each time
you move or adjust a spline in the Composite window. In this way you can animate the
spline’s position, scale, and shape.
Alternately, static spline effects are created using Multi-Frame mode.
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The Transformation tracks contain tracks for each of the Path controls. You can animate the
Path controls by setting the parameters in the Controls window. You can also use the Pen,
Fill Color, Stroke Color and Eyedropper tools, letting you animate each spline’s stroke, fill,
border, and shadows. See “Understanding Path Controls” on page 542.
If you create multiple spline objects within a shape track, each spline has its own set of
Transformation tracks nested in the Path track, allowing you to independently animate each
spline. The timeline at right shows an effect with three splines in one shape track. When you
work with the 3D Plane shape, the Path track is nested inside the Face track.
Animating Spline Objects with the Write-On Command
Avid FX allows you to have multiple objects in a single track. You can create animated
write-on effects by creating multiple strokes and using the Write-On command. You can also
create animated brush strokes using the Border Start and Border End parameters in the
Border tab or the Stroke Start and Stroke End parameters in the Brush tab.
To animate spline objects with the write-on command:
1. Create a track in the timeline and assign it the Spline media type.
2. Select the Face track.
The Tool window opens.
n
If the Tool window does not open, select Window > Show Tool Window.
3. Select the Brush tool and create the splines.
4. Select all the strokes using the Hollow Arrow tool or press Ctrl+A.
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Working with Spline Object Media
5. Select Tools > Write On.
The strokes animate automatically. You can now select individual strokes and use the
Pen tool to reshape the stroke.
Also see “Animation” on page 209
Adding Jitter to Spline Objects
You can vary the positions of spline objects over time by creating jitter or bouncing effects.
To add jitter to spline objects:
1. Select the Spline Object track on the timeline.
2. In the Controls window, select the Animation tab.
3. Set the following:
Parameter
Description
Acceleration
Lets you to gradually accelerate the effect.
Overshoot
Creates bouncing effects when combined with other
parameters.
Decay
Works in conjunction with Overshoot and allows you to
exponentially decrease Overshoot.
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Parameter
Description
Seed
Randomly varies the jitter from frame to frame.
Velocity
Controls the speed of the Jitter X and Jitter Y parameters.
Jitter X, Jitter Y
Vary the positions of each control point along the X and Y
axes.
Understanding Path Controls
A path is an object that uses a curved path as the baseline for text, which can crawl along the
path. You create and edit paths using the shape drawing tools. Like other objects, you can
move, scale, and rotate the path in three-dimensional space.
On the timeline, you will notice that the spline object media type has a path track instead of
a media track. You can nest Path tracks inside Face tracks in shapes. Unlike most media
tracks, you can animate path tracks. When the Path track is selected, its you can use the
controls in the Controls window to set the stroke and/or fill, to add borders or shadows, to
create animated stroke effects, and to jitter the spline.
n
The Path controls affect the spline or splines selected in the Composite window.
The Path Track and 3D Plane Shape
The Path track for a 3D plane shape is nested inside the Face track, which includes a mask
track allowing you to create upstream masks. See “Upstream and Downstream Masks” on
page 179.
The transformations tracks nest tracks that let you adjust Brush and Layer properties.
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The Path Track and 3D Line Art Shape
When you work with the 3D Line Art shape, there is no Face track. As the 3D Line Art
shape does not have a Mask track nested in the Face track, you cannot create upstream
masks for any composition using the 3D Line Art shape.
You cannot use the Brush tool with the 3D Line Art shape or adjust Layer properties,
therefore these tracks are not available in the Controls window.
Manipulating Spline Objects
You can arrange or move spline objects around in a scene. You can also combine multiple
spline objects and even remove those that you no longer need.
Changing Object Layering
When you create a new object using one of the spline tools, Avid FX places it in front of all
other objects in the effect. You can control how these objects overlap.
To layer objects:
1. In the Tool window, select the Hollow Arrow tool.
2. Select an object and do the following:
To
Select
Put an object in front of all other
objects
Tools > Object > Bring to Top
Put an object behind all other objects
Tools > Object > Send to Back
Move an object forward one layer
Tools > Object > Bring Forward
Move an object backward one layer
Tools > Object > Send Back
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Combining Multiple Splines
If you create multiple spline objects on a single track, each spline has its own set of
Transformation tracks nested in the Path track. This allows you to independently animate
each spline. The timeline shows an effect with three splines in one shape track.
Transformation tracks nested
inside Spline Object track
You can combine multiple spline objects into one object. In the following example, two
hollow circles were combined and then the fill was turned on to create a donut shape. When
you combine multiple objects, place the objects on the same track. You cannot use the Path
commands for splines that are on separate tracks in the timeline.
To combine multiple objects:
1. In the Tool window, select the Hollow Arrow tool.
2. In the Composite window, Shift and select the appropriate objects.
3. Do one of the following:
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To
Select
Connect multiple objects
Tools > Path > Combine Contours
Disconnect multiple objects
Tools > Path > Split Contours
Working with Spline Object Media
Converting Spline Objects to a Container
When you create multiple spline objects on a single track, you can transform each spline
shape into its own track. This allows you to easily animate splines individually at the track
level. However, you can still animate the splines globally at the container level.
To convert spline object to a Container:
1. Select the track in the timeline.
2. Select Track > Convert to Container.
Each spline shape now appears on its own track
Individual tracks for each spline.
Deleting Spline Objects
When you no longer need the spline object that you have created, you can delete them.
To delete spline objects:
1. Select the spline object on the timeline.
If you have more than one spline object to delete, Shift and select them.
2. Hit the Delete key.
You can also use the Hollow Arrow tool to select the appropriate splines in the
Composite window.
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Working with the Spline Primitive Media Type
The spline primitive media type lets you create spline objects in basic shapes, including
rectangles, circles, stars, arrows, hearts, and medallions. You can control the stroke and fill,
as well as the shape and size of the path itself. You can also create masks and transitions. See
“Applying a Mask to a Track” on page 180.
Creating Spline Primitives
Add Spline Primitive button
Add 3D Extrusion button
There are three types of spline primitive objects:
•
3D Line Art used to create a vector shape
•
3D Plane used to create a bitmap shape
•
3D Extrusion used to create an extruded shape
You can use timeline buttons to create spline primitive media tracks or create them directly
on the timeline.
By default, Spline Primitive tracks are named by their shape. For example, f you create a
rectangular Spline Primitive, the track is renamed Rectangle. If you change a track’s media
to Spline Object, the track is renamed Spline Object. Once you explicitly name a track, the
track retains that name, even if you change the track’s media type.
Once you have created a spline primitive track you can set and edit the shape, fill, border and
texture of the shape. You can also convert it to a spline object.
To create a spline primitive track using timeline buttons:
1. In the timeline buttons area, do one of the following:
• Click the Add Spine Primitive button to add a spline primitive track with a 3D Line
Art as the shape.
• Click the Add 3D Extrusion button to add a spline primitive track with a 3D Extrusion
as the shape.
2. Click the Change Track Shape button and select another type of spline primitive media.
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To create a spline track directly on the timeline track:
1. Click the Change Track Media button and select Spline Primitive.
Change Track
Media button
2. Click the Change Track Shape button and select the type of spline primitive media.
Change Track
Shape button
Drawing Shapes
You can create shapes and adjust the size at any time by using the Shape tab in the Controls
window. You can create rectangles, wedges, circles, arrows, stars, medallions, hearts, grids,
lines, and area charts.
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To create a shape:
1. Select the Spline Primitive track in the timeline.
2. Do one of the following:
• Click the Track Selector button in the Controls window or pressing F.
• Expand the Spline Primitive track and click the Face track.
3. In the Controls window, select the Shape tab.
4. Select the sub-tab for the shape you want to create. For example to create a rectangle,
click the Rectangle tab.
5. Adjust the settings for that shape.
For parameter descriptions for each tab, see “Shape Tab” on page 568.
n
The Oval shape does not have any controls in its tab.
Setting Color and Opacity of Spline Primitive Shapes
You can control how the shape is composited with other objects in the timeline. The settings
in the Fill tab will determine which areas of a shape are filled or become holes, letting you
adjust the appearance of a compound path or a self-intersecting path.
To fill a shape:
1. Select the Spline Primitive track in the timeline.
2. Do one of the following:
• Click the Track Selector button in the Controls window or pressing F.
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Editing Spline Object and Spline Primitive Media
• Expand the Spline Primitive track and click the Face track.
3. In the Controls window, select the Fill tab.
Editing Spline Object and Spline Primitive Media
For spline objects or spline primitives, you can add and edit properties of borders and
shadows. You can also map textures to the media or create backdrops.
Adding Borders to Spline Edges
You can add up to five different border styles to the edges of the splines. They can range
from beveled to glowing spline effects.
1. In the timeline, click to select the Face track for the spline.
2. In the Controls window, select the Border tab.
3. Select a tab on the right and check the box to activate the style
4. Set the following:
Parameters
Description
Edge Style
Controls the style of the border. Each style has its own controls.
Plain
Applies a flat border to the spline.
Bevel
Creates a beveled border.
Radial
Creates a glowing border.
Position menu
Sets the location of the border.
Inside
Positions the border on the inside of the spline’s edges
Outside
Positions the border on the outside of the spline’s edges
Center
Centers the border over the spline’s edges
Edge Color
Sets the color of the border.
Edge Width
Set the width (in pixels) of the border applied to the spline.
Edge Opacity
Adjusts the opacity of the border for selected character(s).
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Parameters
Description
Edge Softness
Softens the edge of the border.
(Contextual parameter
with Plain and Radial
settings.)
Cap (Contextual
parameter with Plain
setting.)
Controls the shape of the ends of the border.
Flat
Creates flat ends
Round
Adds a circular cap to the end of the stroke.
Square
Adds a square cap to the end of the stroke.
Join menu (Contextual Determines the shape of the corners of the border.
parameter with Plain
setting.)
Round
Creates rounded corners.
Miter
Creates corners with sharp points.
Bevel
Creates clipped corners.
Highlight Color
Sets the color of the lightest parts of the bevel.
(Contextual parameter
with Bevel setting)
Shade Color
Sets the color of the darkest parts of the bevel.
(Contextual parameter
with Bevel setting.)
Highlight Angle
Sets the angle between the highlights and the horizontal axis.
(Contextual parameter
with Bevel setting.)
Outside Color
Sets the color of the soft edges of the border.
(Contextual parameter
with Radial setting.)
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Editing Spline Object and Spline Primitive Media
Parameters
Description
Border Begin, Border
End
Adjust the percentage of the border that is visible at each frame
in the timeline to create animated border effects.
The range is from 0 to 100.
Border Offset
Use the dial to select a portion of the border and animate it in
conjunction with Border Begin and Border End.
Adding Shadow to Splines
You can add up to five different shadows to the spline media.
1. In the timeline, click to select the Face track for the spline.
2. In the Controls window, select the Shadow tab.
3. Select a tab on the right and check the box to activate the style
4. Set the following
Parameter
Description
Shadow Type
Determines the type of shadow.
Drop Shadows
Fall a specified distance from the object.
Cast Shadows
Appear to fall on another object.
Solid Shadows
Simulate a 3D appearance by applying a gradient to a
shadow.
Color
Sets the color of the shadow.
Distance
Sets the distance between the shadow and the spline object.
Opacity
Sets the degree of opacity.
Softness
Softens the edges of the shadows to simulate diffuse light.
Angle
Sets the angle between the shadow and the horizontal axis
of the spline object.
Highlight Color (Contextual Sets the color of the highlighted areas of the shadow.
parameter with Shadow Type
setting)
Shade Color (Contextual
parameter with Shadow
Type setting)
Sets the color of the shaded areas.
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Mapping Media to Spline Media
You can map media to the face of a spline object or spline primitive. When using a shape
other than 3D Extrusions, you must add a texture track which you can then use to map the
desired media. You can map a still image, a video file, color, gradient or natural media.
Also see “Mapping Media to a 3D Extrusion” on page 323.
Texture Track button
To add a texture track:
1. On the timeline, select the Spline track using a 3D Line Art or 3D Plane shape.
2. At the bottom of the Controls window, click the Texture Track button.
A Texture track is added on the timeline.
Media icon
To map media to a spline media:
1. With the Texture track selected, click the media button and select the media you want to
map.
If you select Movie File or Still Image, you must browse to the location of the file.
2. Adjust any settings for the media in the Controls window.
3. Select the Path or Face track on the timeline and then select the Texture tab in the
Controls window.
4. Set the following:
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Parameter
Description
Map Method
Controls how the media is mapped onto the spline
object.
Editing Spline Object and Spline Primitive Media
Parameter
Description
Stretch
Sizes the texture image to fit the spline object
Clip
Size and position the texture image on the spline.
Tile
Repeats the texture to fit the face
Position X, Position Y (Contextual
with Clip and Tile.)
Move the center of the texture image along the X
and Y axes.
Scale X, Scale Y (Contextual with
Clip.)
Change the size of the texture image along the X
and Y axes.
Tile Size X, Tile Size Y (Contextual Sets the tile size.
with Tile.)
Adjusting Splines in Layers
Once you create a spline object or a spline primitive shape, you can create a backdrop behind
the spline. The backdrop cannot be animated and it does not create a new track on the
timeline.
n
The Layer tab is not available when you use the 3D Line Art shape.
To adjust spline objects in layers:
1. In the timeline, click to select the Face track for the spline.
2. In the Controls window, select the Layer tab.
3. Set the following:
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Parameters
Description
Background Color
Controls the color of the background layer.
Background Opacity
Sets the opacity of the background layer and is scaled as a
percentage.
Invert Alpha option
Select to invert the background’s original alpha channel. A
value of 255 (white) is transparent.
Size X, Size Y
Adjust the size of the background track along the horizontal
and vertical axes.
Force Size option
Sets the background size to the size of the project.
Extruding Spline Media
By default, objects are two dimensional. You can change the depth or thickness of an object
by extruding it. The extruded surface can use its own material. When you use the 3D
Extrusion shape to extrude a spline object or spline primitive, the Silhouette track replaces
the Face or Path track. It contains Transformations tracks that determine the appearance of
the spline’s faces such as Fill, Border and Animation.
Adding Color to the Faces
When you use the 3D Extrusion shape to extrude a spline object, Avid FX maintains the
Front Face color that you set, which you can change at anytime.
To add color to the faces:
1. Create a spline object using the 3D Plane shape.
2. Set the color to green.
3. Change the Shape type to 3D Extrusion.
A Silhouette track is created on the timeline.
When you extrude the track, the four faces are assigned the default Plastic material. The
green that you set remains assigned to the Front Face using Constant interpolation. The
other three faces (Extrusion, Bevel and Back) use the default gray color for the Plastic
material.
4. To use the color that you selected on all faces, set the Face Count menu to one.
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Editing Spline Object and Spline Primitive Media
Adding Materials and Texture to 3D Extrusion shapes
You can assign different materials to the front, back, extrusions, and bevels as well as
customize the materials. You an also animate the entire effects. “Applying Materials in 3D
Space” on page 327.
You can also map media. This gives the 3D extrusion shape some texture. See “Mapping
Media to a 3D Extrusion” on page 323.
Silhouette track
replaces the Path track.
Texture tracks in
the timeline
n
When you select texture tracks in the Textures tab, the texture tracks overwrite the material
specified in the Materials tab. With the exception of Color, the Material settings such as
Shininess and Opacity affect the Texture tracks.
Creating 3D Faces
You can also apply bump maps to each face, which creates three-dimensional detail based on
luminance information. The luminance value of each pixel creates height, with brighter
pixels creating more height. You can create the bump map from a procedural texture or you
can use a media file.
Combine bump maps with Materials and Texture tracks as shown in the examples.
Material with Bump Map
Texture track with Bump Map
Also see “Applying Materials in 3D Space” on page 327, “Mapping Media to a 3D
Extrusion” on page 323, and “Adding 3D Detail” on page 329.
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Converting a Spline Primitive to a Spline Object
Once you create a Spline Primitive, you can convert it to a Spline Object to edit the shape.
To convert a Spline Primitive to a Spline Object:
1. Click the Media icon on a spline primitive track and choose Spline Object from the
menu.
The Tool window opens automatically.
2. Use the Pen tool to edit the object.
Converting Still Image Files into Vectors
The Bitmap to Vector Trace function allows you to create a Spline Object by tracing over an
imported Still Image file using the Pencil tool. This is useful if you want to convert an
imported logo so that you could then animate and extrude it.
To convert a still image file into vectors:
1. Import a still image file. In this example, a bitmap of a title is imported
.
2. Highlight the still image file’s Shape track.
3. In the timeline, press the Extruded Pencil button.
Spline tracks are created above the imported media tracks and the Pencil tool is enabled.
4. In the Tool window, press the Vector Trace Tool.
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Converting Still Image Files into Vectors
Spline track
Imported media
Shape track
5. Choose Window > Show Vector Trace Palette. The options in this palette affect the
spline creation. Adjust the parameters if you are unable to create the spline that you
want. Since this is a floating window, you can leave it open while you work.
• The Trace Channel menu sets which channel the bitmap trace uses. Choose
Luminance, Alpha, Red, Green, or Blue.
• Trace Tolerance determines how closely the generated spline matches the actual
contour of the bitmap graphic. A smaller tolerance creates a spline with more points.
You may want to use a smaller tolerance if your graphic has complicated edges.
Alternatively, use a larger tolerance if your graphics edges are uneven. In this case a
larger tolerance can be used to give your graphic smoother edges.
• Trace Threshold sets the range of values that are used to create a particular spline
point.
• When the Invert checkbox is selected, the spline is created from the inverse of the
selection.
• When the Use Pre-Blur checkbox is selected, a blur is applied when finding the
spline edges.
• Pre-Blur Amount increases the amount of blur applied when creating the spline.
6. Use one of the following methods to create a spline of your imported still image.
t
Trace the outline of the graphic with the Pencil tool.
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t
Alt-drag the Pencil tool on each letter of the imported graphic to create a separate
Spline track for each letter. This allows you to animate and extrude letters
separately.
t
Shift-Alt-click the Pencil tool on the imported graphic to create a single Spline
track for the graphic. Any animation and extrusion will affect the entire graphic. In
the example at right, the spline was created using this method.
7. (Optional) Delete the tracks associated with the imported media
.
8. You may now alter the spline as you want. In the example, the spline has been extruded
and tumbled. Materials and lighting effects were applied and the image composited over
a background.
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Reference: Spline Media
This section contains reference information about spline media.
•
Spline Object Properties on page 559
•
Spline Primitive Properties on page 568
Spline Object Properties
•
Paint Controls on page 559
•
Border Tab on page 485
•
Shadow Tab on page 486
•
Animation Tab Parameters on page 465
•
Layer Tab Parameters on page 474
Paint Controls
The Paint tools allow you to draw freehand images directly in the Composite window. Paint
can be used in multiple ways—both as a stylistic element and as a masking tool to cover-up
errors created during shooting.
Some possible uses of paint include:
•
As a freehand background to a title
•
To create a custom background for an entire effect
•
To add complexity to the surface of a shape, such as a sphere
•
To remove a boom from a green screen shot. If the boom or camera is moving, the
painted area can be motion tracked.
•
To remove a scratch on a film frame, correct a processing error or erase a video glitch
•
Use a brush image to apply a series of images.
In addition, the Window > Style Palette lets you choose from a number of predefined
styles.
For example, you can simulate a calligraphic stylus by specifying a rectangular brush shape
with a slight angle. Or you can simulate an airbrush using the opacity controls to create a
round brush with a solid center and a transparent edge.
You can also animate the spline object’s stroke over time.
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To set the brush to appear as an outline based on the brush size, choose Edit > Preferences.
In the Appearance tab, select the Show Brush Outline checkbox.
n
The Brush tab is not available when using the 3D Line Art shape.
To create a Paint effect
t
Choose Filters > Effects > Paint or press the Add Paint Layer button in the timeline.
You can also click the Paint tool in the Tools window and simply begin painting.
A new Paint track is created in the timeline and the Paint tab appears in the Controls
window.
• If a layer track is selected when you choose this command, the Paint track is nested
inside the Face track of the selected track.
• If a Mask or Face track is selected when you choose this command, the Paint track is
nested inside the Mask or Face track.
To use a brush image
1. Create a paint track.
2. Press the media icon on the Brush Image track in the timeline.
3. Choose the type of brush image you want, navigate to the brush image and click Open.
4. Select the Paint Path track in the timeline and adjust the paint parameters in the Controls
window.
5. Set the Brush Type menu to Color.
6. Set the Color Source menu:
• Color Swatch + Profile is the standard drawing mode. A standard brush is used, not
an image brush.
• Color Swatch + Image Alpha uses the brush image (based on alpha) with the color
from Color A and Color B.
• Color Swatch + Image Luma uses the brush image (based on luminance) with the
color from Color A and Color B.
• Image + Image Alpha uses the brush image and its color.
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Converting Still Image Files into Vectors
Color Swatch + Profile
Color Swatch + Image Luma
Color Swatch + Image Alpha
Image + Image Alpha
7. Set the Layer Choice menu. This menu has no affect if the brush image is not a layered
.psd file.
• When Cyclic is chosen, layered images display each layer in turn as they are painted
on.
• When Random is chosen, layered images display each layer in a random order.
Layer Choice=Cyclic
Layer Choice=Random
8. Create a paint stroke. Highlight the stroke in the timeline and adjust if necessary.
n
Keep the following in mind when working with brush images:
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Brush images can be created in any standard graphics format.
Photoshop (.psd) files allow you to create layered brush image files, where each layer,
beginning with the bottom layer, is applied in turn.
256 x 256 pixels is the suggested size for brush images. Larger sizes can slow painting down.
When the Paint track is selected, the Paint tab and Transform tab appear in the Controls
window. The parameters in these tabs are global and affect all of the strokes in a paint effect.
Parameter
Description
Paint track
Select to turn on the Brush stroke.
Stroke Begin, Stroke
End
Adjust the percentage of the spline that is visible at each frame in
the timeline to create animated writing effects. For example,
animate Strokes End from 0 to 100 to create a “write on” effect.
Opacity
Determines the opacity of the brush stroke. A value of 100 makes
the stroke opaque.
Canvas Mode
Modify or Apply.
Apply Mode
•
Modify is the default. Brush strokes are not altered based on
the other material in the timeline.
•
Apply lets you specify how the brush stroke depends on the
material below it in the timeline.
Available only when the Canvas Mode menu is set to Modify. Lets
you select from a menu how the brush stroke is composited over
objects below it in the timeline.
Transform
Position X, Position
Y, Scale X Scale Y,
Rotate Z
Paint Path track
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Use Position X, Position Y, Scale X, Scale Y and Rotate Z to
animate the 2D transformation of the paint strokes.
Converting Still Image Files into Vectors
Parameter
Brush Type
Color Source
Layer Choice
Description
Sets the type of brush. Each of the these brush types can also be
selected by clicking the appropriate icon in the Tool window.
•
Color is a standard paint brush and uses the selected
Color.
•
Clone allows you to use the brush as a cloning tool.
•
Spray applies color as if from a paint sprayer.
•
Roller applies color as if from a paint roller.
•
Eraser reveals media on the track below the Paint
effect.
Determines how the color is applied. Color Swatch and Profile are
selected in the Style Palette. The choices are:
•
Color Swatch + Profile is the standard drawing mode.
•
Color Swatch + Image Alpha uses the brush image (based on
alpha) with the color from Color A and Color B.
•
Color Swatch + Image Luma uses the brush image (based on
luminance) with the color from Color A and Color B.
•
Image + Image Alpha uses the brush image and its color.
•
Cyclic displays each layer in turn as they are painted on.
•
Random displays each layer in a random order
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Parameter
Color Modulation
Description
Sets the color variation between Color A and Color B. The
choices in this menu are most functional when working with a
Wacom® tablet.
•
When None is chosen, only Color B is used.
•
Pressure varies the color between Color A and Color B
depending on the amount of pressure applied to the pen as it
moves across the tablet. This choice is functional only with a
tablet.
•
Velocity varies the color between Color A and Color B
depending on the rate that the brush moves across the
Composite window. When the brush moves slowly, Color A is
used; when the brush moves more quickly, Color B is used.
•
Direction varies the color between Color A and Color B
depending on the direction that the brush moves across the
Composite window.
-When the brush moves from left to right, Color B is used.
-When the brush moves from right to left, Color A is used.
-When the brush moves from top to bottom or from bottom to
top, a blend of the two colors is used.
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•
Tilt varies the color between Color A and Color B depending
on the angle of the pen as it moves across the tablet. This
choice is functional only with a tablet.
•
Bearing varies the color between Color A and Color B
depending on the direction of the pens tilt as it moves across
the tablet. This choice is functional only with a tablet.
•
When Jitter is chosen, the color varies randomly between
Color A and Color B.
•
When White Noise is chosen, each individual paint dab
receives a completely random value located between a
parameter’s A and B values. White Noise modulation is
similar to Jitter, where the values vary between the A and B
values, but are partially based on the adjacent dabs.
•
When Length is chosen, the color varies dependent on the
value set in the Length Scale parameter.
•
1-Length produces the opposite results of Length.
Converting Still Image Files into Vectors
Parameter
Description
Color A
Color B
Set the colors of the brush. Click the color chip to access the
system color picker or use the eyedropper to choose a color. You
can also enter RGB values into the numerical fields and press
Enter.
Opacity Modulation
menu
Sets the opacity variation between Opacity A and Opacity B.
Choices are most functional when working with a Wacom®
tablet. Refer to the information on the Color Modulation menu for
details on specific menu choices.
Opacity A
Opacity B
Set the opacity of the brush. A value of 100 makes the brush
completely opaque; a value of 0 makes the brush completely
transparent.
Size Modulation
Sets the brush size variation between Size A and Size B. Choices
are most functional when working with a Wacom® tablet. Refer
to the information on the Color Modulation menu for details on
specific menu choices.
Size A
Size B
Lets you specify a variation in brush stroke sizes.
Dab Scatter
Distance from the spline that dabs are scattered.
Hardness
Controls the softness of the brush stroke. Increase this value to
create a brush stroke with harder edges.
Flatness
Determines the shape of the brush. A value of 99 creates a flatter
brush stroke.
Dab Spacing
Distance between dabs. At 0, each stroke is a solid line.
Dab Shift
Specifies the animation of dabs on the path. Combine with
parameters Stroke Begin and Stroke End to create animated brush
strokes.
Stroke Begin
Stroke End
Controls the percentage added to either the start of end of a spline.
Angle
Sets the angle between the brush and the horizontal axis. This
parameter is most affective with high Flatness values.
Jitter Frequency
Varies the positions of the brush stroke along the X and Y axis.
Higher values produce more jitter, and increase the amount that
the position varies from frame to frame.
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Chapter 10 Using Spline Media
Parameter
Length Scale
Description
Is used in conjunction with the Size Modulation length and
l-Length options. The color varies dependent on the value
set in the Length Scale parameter.
Dab Shift and Image Shift.
When Dab Spacing is used, Dab Shift allows you to animate the dabs. Dab Spacing moves
each dab toward the preceding or following dab, depending on the direction that the dial
control is moved. Dab Shift is used with the Color, Eraser and Clone brushes.
Dab Shift animation
0 frames
50 frames
100 frames
Image Shift is used with the Roller Brush and is very similar in function to Dab Shift. Each
turn of the control dial causes the underlying image tile to appear to flow up or down within
the brush stroke.
Image Shift animation
0 frames
50 frames
100 frames
Spray Parameters
When Spray is chosen from the Brush Type menu, several additional options appear in the Paint
tab in the Controls window.
Speck Type
Sets the appearance of the paint spray:
• Pixel creates a more diffuse paint spray.
• Dot creates a medium-diffuse paint spray.
• Blot creates a thicker paint spray.
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Converting Still Image Files into Vectors
Flow Modulation
Sets the flow variation between Flow A and Flow B. Choices are most
functional when working with a Wacom® tablet. Refer to the information
on the Color Modulation menu for details on specific menu choices.
Flow A
Flow B
Set the amount of paint emitted by the sprayer.
Roller Parameters
When Roller is chosen from the Brush Type menu, the Roller Angle menu sets the
appearance of the paint applied by the roller.
•
Follow Path applies the paint to the surface in a standard 2D fashion.
•
Angle Control works with the Angle parameter to alter the angle of the applied paint.
Roller Angle=Follow Path
Roller Angle=Angle Control, 0º
Roller Angle=Angle Control, 105º
Fill Tab
The Fill tab lets you control the appearance of the interior of closed spline objects.
Parameter
Description
Fill On option
Select to turn on the fill.
Blend
Controls how the fill is composited with other objects in the effect.
Normal
Applies the light or filter directly to the source image and the
filtered pixels replace the source pixels.
Add
Includes the light or filtered output with the source. The resulting
color values are clipped at white.
Subtract
Removes the light or effect from the source. This can produce
intense and unpredictable colors and make the image appear noisy.
Fill Opacity
Determines the opacity of the fill.
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Parameter
Description
Fill Type
Determines the type of fill applied to the spline.
Color
Applies a solid color fill.
Gradient
Applies a grayscale gradient fill.
Wacom Pen Tip Sensing
Pen tip sensing is a new feature that simplifies working with brushes when using a Wacom
tablet. When the pen tip is brought close to the tablet, Avid FX switches the brush type to the
last one used. Pen tip sensing becomes active when working in a Paint effect.
By default, the pen tip enables the Color brush and the back end of the pen enables the
Eraser. When working with an airbrush tip, the tip enables the Spray brush and the back end
of the pen enables the Eraser. This lets you paint and then turn over the pen to erase.
If you select a different brush type with the pen, that brush type becomes the new default
brush for that end of the pen. When Avid FX is restarted, the defaults are restored to the
Color brush and Eraser.
Spline Primitive Properties
•
Shape Tab on page 568
•
Rectangle Tab on page 569
•
Wedge Tab on page 569
•
Arrow Tab on page 570
•
Star or Medallion Tab on page 570
•
Heart Tab on page 571
•
Grid Tab on page 572
•
Line Tab on page 573
•
Area Chart Tab on page 573
Shape Tab
The Shape tab lets you create shapes and adjust their properties.
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Converting Still Image Files into Vectors
Rectangle Tab
Rectangle creates a rectangular or square–shaped spline. You can use this shape to create the
basis for a textured backdrop or gradient fill onto which you add text objects.
Parameter
Description
Left, Top, Right, Bottom Control the positions of the corners of the rectangle.
Scaled as a percentage of the width and height of the Composite
window.
Corner Size
Adjusts the size of the rectangle’s corners.
Corner Type
Determines the shape of the rectangle’s corners.
Convex
Produces corners that curve inward.
Concave
Produces corners that curve outward.
Straight
Produces corners that are straight lines.
Wedge Tab
Wedge creates circular or wedge–shaped splines. You can use the wedge to create pie chart
effects.
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Parameter
Description
Start Angle
Sets the location of the starting edge of the wedge. Increase this value
to move the starting edge around the Z axis.
Start Angle = 180
Arc Angle
Specifies the distance between the starting and ending edges of the
wedge or the length of the arc that forms the outer edge of the wedge.
Arc Angle = 180
Arrow Tab
Arrow creates arrow–shaped splines.
Parameter
Description
Arrow Type menu
Determines the way the arrow points:
Star or Medallion Tab
Star creates star–shaped splines.
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Converting Still Image Files into Vectors
10 pointed star
Medallion creates a medallion–shaped spline. The medallion shape is similar to a star, but
with a greater number of shorter points. In addition, the medallion is stretched horizontally.
Parameter
Description
Points
Set the number of points in the star.
Higher values produce more points.
Length
Sets the length of each point.
Higher values produce longer points.
Heart Tab
Heart produces a heart–shaped spline.
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Chapter 10 Using Spline Media
Parameter
Description
Roundness
Adjusts the shape of the bottom point of the heart.
Lower values produce a rounded point.
Grid Tab
Grid produces a grid–shaped spline.
When you work with the grid spline primitive, the controls in the Fill tab have no affect as
grids cannot be filled.
Parameter
Description
Columns, Rows
Set the number of grid lines along the X and Y axes.
Eight columns and six rows (default)
Spacing X, Spacing Y
Scale the distance between lines along the X and Y axes.
Scales as a percentage of the grid’s original width or height.
To scale size of the entire grid, use the Scale parameter in the
Position tab.
Shift X, Shift Y
Position the grid lines on the X and Y axes.
Offsets the line from its starting position.
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Hide Top, Hide Bottom, Hide
Left, Hide Right options
Select to hide the corresponding extreme lines.
Skew X, Skew Y
Distort the lines along the horizontal and vertical axes.
Start X, Start Y
Set the starting position of the lines along the horizontal and
vertical axes.
End X, End Y
Set the ending position of the lines along the horizontal and
vertical axes.
Converting Still Image Files into Vectors
Line Tab
Line produces a line-shaped spline.
When you work with the Line spline primitive, the controls in the Fill tab have no affect.
Lines cannot be filled.
Use the Edge Width parameter in the Border tab to set the width of the line. For information,
see “Adding Borders to Spline Edges” on page 549.
Parameter
Description
Start X, Start Y
Set the starting position of the line along the horizontal and
vertical axes.
End X, End Y
Set the ending position of the line along the horizontal and
vertical axes.
Area Chart Tab
The Area Chart shape is most useful when it is used with 3D Chart Containers. You can use
it to create freeform polygons. The easiest method to adjust this shape is to work with the
on-screen controls.
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Parameter
Description
Points
Sets the number of points that create the polygon.
Requires a minimum of three points and a maximum of
sixteen.
Numbered X, Numbered Y
Set the position of each point on the X and Y axes.
To adjust the position of points, use the onscreen Position
Point controls.
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Chapter 11
Finishing: Rendering and Exporting
Once you have created your objects, textured them, animated them, and so on, you
can render out your scene as a sequence of 2D images. You can then export these
images in a format of your choice.
•
Understanding the Render Queue on page 575
•
Rendering Tracks and Compositions on page 576
•
Rendering Effects on page 582
Understanding the Render Queue
The main tool for rendering in Avid FX is the Render Queue which is located in the
Project window. It is also used to export tracks and compositions.
When you render Avid editing application video in the Render Queue, the application
correctly passes both video fields to Avid FX. You must correctly set the Avid FX
preferences so that both fields are rendered to create a whole frame.
It is good working practice to render your finished tracks to save memory or to avoid
spending a great deal of time rendering all your effects at the end of your project. For
example, if you create an animated background in Avid FX that uses several or
complex effects, render it when you are finished! You can always import it to continue
adding more effects.
You can also render a section of a track between user marks to preview your effect.
n
Click Apply and Avid FX ignores the selections in the Render Queue to render all tracks that
have the visibility setting active in the timeline.
Chapter 11 Finishing: Rendering and Exporting
Rendering Tracks and Compositions
To begin rendering tracks and compositions, you must first add them to the Render Queue
and export them. You must then adjust the movie export settings as you wish. Finally, start
the rendering process in the Render Queue.
Adding Tracks and Compositions to the Render Queue
You can add them from the Frame View or List View of the Project window or as
compositions from the timeline:
To add tracks and compositions to the Render Queue:
From the Project window:
From the Timeline:
1. Select the Frame View or List View.
•
Select Composition > Add to Render Queue
The Movie Export Settings window opens.
2. Select the tracks or composition.
3. Click the Add to Render Queue button.
Setting the Movie Export Options
Now you must set the export properties for your track or composition. The Movie Export
Settings window lets you adjust the length of the rendered movie, compression settings, and
offers options for creating previews and cross-platform movies.
To set the movie export properties:
1. In the Movie Export Settings window, select the Movie Type. This will determine the
type of movie that will be created.
2. Select the Render Settings to controls the scale, quality, frame rate, and field render
settings used in creating a movie.
• Best, Fast, and Web configure render modes used for exporting QuickTime, AVI, and
Flash files.
At the default settings, choices are intended for best quality video rendering, draft
video rendering, and web export.
• Preview uses the current preview settings to render the movie. It exports the
underlying checkerboard if the effect includes transparent areas.
• Custom manually customizes the render settings.
3. Set the field dominance type that will be used when rendering the movie.
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Rendering Tracks and Compositions
4. Set the scale to adjust the size of the exported movie. The choices are measured relative
to the project size.
5. Set the render quality of the exported movie file.
• High quality to antialiase your image.
• Draft quality cannot reduce antialiasing. It produces a jagged-edged image but speeds
rendering.
6. Select the Use Project Frame Rate option to use the project frame rate in rendering the
movie file and ignore the Frame Rate setting.
7. Select the Use Project Pixel Aspect option to render the movie using the project’s pixel
aspect ratio. To render the movie at the default 4:3 aspect ratio, deselect the option.
8. Select the 1:2:1 Deflickering option to apply a vertical blur to the effect before
rendering. This helps eliminate flickering in text rolls and reduces jagged edges on
moving graphics with hard edges.
It is a good idea to select it if you are rendering an effect containing text moving
vertically or a moving graphic with hard edges. However, you should deselect it to
preserve the sharpness of the static elements, if your effect contains some static
elements in addition to the vertically moving text or moving graphics.
Tip: If necessary, you can manually blur the text roll or graphic tracks by applying a
Gaussian Blur filter to the affected tracks. Set Horizontal Blur Level to 0 and adjust
Vertical Blur Level as necessary.
9. Select the Generate Color-Safe Output option to enables an NTSC/PAL color-safe filter
that will allow only colors that are safe for broadcast.
For example, Avid FX filters allow RGB values across the full 0-255 range. When
Generate Color-Safe Output is selected, the RGB values are limited to the NTSC/PAL
safe range of 16-235.
10. Select the Better Quality Field Rendering option to set the rendering optimization. It
ensures that computer-generated graphics or text animate smoothly.
This option only affects the output when you are field rendering and if the effect
involves compositing images using hard alpha edges such as keying text or video over
video. See “Setting the Better Quality Field Rendering Option” on page 578.
11. Select an option for the Alpha to control Avid FX interprets alpha information for movie
files that are exported or rendered from an editing application.
• Straight: Displays the portion of the image defined by the alpha channel. Use for
movies with alpha channels that are not premultiplied. It is also the best choice for a
movie used in additional compositing. It is the fastest.
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Chapter 11 Finishing: Rendering and Exporting
• Premultiplied Black: Alpha channels are premultiplied with solid black. Some
hardware devices may not composite the color channels correctly. This choice
corrects that problem. The level of black used depends on whether the Generate Color
Safe Output option is selected.
• Premultiplied White: Alpha channels are premultiplied with solid white. Some
hardware devices may not composite the color channels correctly. This choice
corrects that problem. The level of white used depends on whether the Generate Color
Safe Output option is selected
• Composite over Black: Removes the alpha channel and composites the image over
solid black. The level of black used depends on whether the Generate Color Safe
Output option is selected.
• Composite over White: Removes the alpha channel and composites the image over
solid white. The level of white used depends on whether the Generate Color Safe
Output option is selected.
12. Select the Use In/Out Range option to render only the frames located between the In and
Out points in the timeline.
13. Set the Compression options—see “Setting the Video Compression” on page 579
Setting the Better Quality Field Rendering Option
Selecting this option ensures that computer-generated graphics or animated text are smooth
in the rendered. It only affects the output when you are field rendering and if the effect
involves compositing images using hard alpha edges such as keying text or video over video.
This option takes more time to render, but generally corrects any problems with jitter or
rough edges on effects
Select this option when:
•
Rendering text rolls, crawls, or any animation that uses computer-generated text or
graphics.
•
You have effects that include edging, an alpha channel, or DVEs, turn on this option to
ensure the highest quality edges.
•
Processing images for web or graphics applications.
Do not select this option when:
578
•
Using effects such as color or blur filters that do not include hard alpha edges.
•
You want to optimize rendering for speed. When using effects such as color, it will
render the effect almost twice as fast, sometimes with little or no apparent image quality
difference.
Rendering Tracks and Compositions
Setting the Video Compression
Compression is a process by which the amount of information in a file is reduced. Many
different methods exist for compressing video. Each type uses a different mathematical
technique, generally referred to as a CODEC. Each CODEC has its advantages and
disadvantages, and most are designed to meet the needs of a specific function (for example,
production, editing, compositing, or distribution).
The Compression Settings window, a standard QuickTime dialog box, lets you adjust the
compression settings such as the Codec and Color Depth. Avid FX lists all CODECs loaded
on your system. The options available depend on which CODEC you are using.
To change the compression settings:
1. Click the Compression Settings button in the Movie Export Settings window.
The Compression Settings window opens.
2. In the Video Compression window that opens, set the properties according to the
CODEC.
Consult your QuickTime documentation for more information on the parameters in this
window or for information on a specific CODEC.
Rendering
Now that you have added the tracks and compositions to the Render Queue, you can go
ahead and begin the rendering process.
To render tracks and compositions:
1. Select the Render Queue tab in the Project window.
All the tracks and compositions that you have added are shown here.
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Chapter 11 Finishing: Rendering and Exporting
n
To render only some tracks or compositions, check those to render.
Render
Render Selected
2. From the Settings drop-down list, select the export settings.
3. If you do not want to use the default folder, choose a destination folder for each
rendered item, by selecting Select Folder from the Export Folder drop down list.
4. Click the Render or Render Selected button.
A progress bar displays the progress of the rendering.
5. Click Current Render Details to display additional information.
6. Click Stop to stop rendering or Pause if you want to interrupt rendering but resume at a
later time.
To rerender an item in the Render Queue, deselect it and start from the beginning.
To change the render order:
t
580
Drag and drop items within the Render Queue to change the render order.
Rendering Tracks and Compositions
To edit a render item
t
Right-click a render item to open it in the timeline for further editing.
Exporting Files as Flash
Avid FX allows you to export files in the Macromedia Flash (SWF) format. This feature
allows you to export compositions as compact, vector-based files optimized for web
viewing. For example, you could export a Type On effect to include on a web page.
The SWF format was designed primarily for animated 3D Line Art objects, so it works well
when exporting settings that contain spline and text animations. Settings that contain video
or animated bitmaps, however, generate rather large files. You might want to consider
exporting such animations as a QuickTime or AVI file. See “Setting the Movie Export
Options” on page 576 for more information.
There are some limitations with the Flash export feature. You cannot export 3D Extrusion
tracks as Flash. Settings containing 3D Extrusion tracks export as a blank track. The Flash
export feature does not support shadows or gradients used as Texture tracks. However, you
can export a static gradient as a bitmap background.
n
To prepare to export to Flash, you should change any shape track containing EPS files, text,
or Spline media to 3D Line Art shape. Because you cannot use the 3D Line Art shape with
the Brush tool, you cannot export brush strokes as Flash.
To export a track as a Flash file:
1. Select the appropriate track in the timeline.
2. Select File > Export > Flash.
A dialog box appears that allows you to name and save the file.
3. Name the track and click Save.
The composition is exported using the Flash Export settings, which are controlled by the
Preferences window’s Export tab.
Using Frame Cache Features
Frame Cache speeds editing and previewing when you work with certain types of imported
movie files and/or editing system video tracks.
When frame caching is enabled, a copy of each frame is saved or “cached” the first time you
preview the frame. The cached file for the frame is accessed every time you return to the
frame within Avid FX.
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Chapter 11 Finishing: Rendering and Exporting
Frame caching is controlled by Edit menu commands. The appearance of cached frames is
set in the Preferences Appearance tab. The location, size and type of cache are set
Preferences Preview tab. For more information, see “Preferences Window” on page 158.
The following Frame Cache commands appear in the Edit menu:
n
Commands
Description
Purge Frame Cache
Rerenders the current frame if you cache
the wrong image for a frame.
Cache Video Frames
Enables or disables the caching of video
frames in imported movie files and host
video tracks.
Cache Rendered Frames
Enables or disables the caching of rendered
frames.
Select Cache Video Frames and Cache Rendered Frames in most situations, as they almost
always reduce preview times. You can try disabling one or both options if you think the
caching process is slowing down your workflow.
Rendering Effects
Render an Avid FX effect as you would render any effect within the Avid editing
application. However, you should note the following when rendering effects:
582
•
Turn on the visibility of all the tracks and filters you want to appear in the effect before
rendering, otherwise the effect will not appear in the rendered output.
•
Restore motion blur visibility before rendering or motion blur is not applied in the
rendered effects. The Global Motion Blur button affects all compositions in the Render
Queue. See “Timeline Display Buttons” on page 80.
•
Check the Local Projects tab in the Preferences window to ensure that you selected the
correct render settings for the effect—see “Preferences Window” on page 158.
•
If you are rendering effects that include edging, an alpha channel or DVE moves, make
sure to select Better Quality Field Rendering.
•
Changes to the Preview and Composite windows do not affect the rendered output.
Therefore, changing resolution, quality, or scale, displaying on-screen controls, grids,
and other marks, or viewing only selected channels does not affect the rendered output.
•
The Avid FX timeline renders from bottom to up.
Rendering Effects
For example, if several filters are applied to one track, then the filter that appears closest
to the bottom of the timeline is rendered first, followed by the other filters.
See “The Rendering Pipeline” on page 583 for information about the order in which the
elements of an effect are rendered.
The Rendering Pipeline
Avid FX renders the elements of a shape in a particular order, which is referred to as the
“rendering pipeline.” This order is represented in the timeline by the individual tracks in the
timeline, each of which rendered separately. The tracks are rendered starting from the track
at the bottom of the timeline and moving up.
The rendering pipeline makes it possible to have both upstream and downstream filters and
masks. The rendering order is displayed in the following diagram, which uses the cube shape
as an example. The same information applies to any of the shapes:
Downstream filters and masks are applied
after Transformations and are applied to
the entire shape.
Upstream filters and mask are applied
before transformations and are only
applied to the face of the shape not the
entire shape.
Legend
Source image
Rendered output
Face track
Shape Transformation
Filter
Mask
See “The OpenGL Interactors” on page 52.
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Chapter 11 Finishing: Rendering and Exporting
Render Queue Controls
These controls allow you to create error logs, specify destination folders for rendered files,
control export settings, monitor the progress of each file as it renders, and to remove files
from the Render Queue.
Controls
Description
Trash Can
Removes the selected items from the Render Queue.
Render Now
Renders the items in the Render Queue.
Log menu
Lists errors encountered during rendering. Outputs into a text
file. The options include:
Off. Does not create a log file even if there are errors.
Errors. Creates a log file unless no errors are found.
+Settings. Creates a log file listing errors and render item
settings.
+Frames. Creates a log file listing errors, render settings, and
per-frame timing information.
Each log file is titled “Avid FX-RQ” followed by the date and
time of rendering. These files are saved in a Log Files folder
which is created in the Avid FX folder on your hard drive.
584
Default Folder
Selects the default location on where to store rendered files.
Rendered column
Displays a option for each item in the Render Queue. The
Rendered option is selected once you render an item. See
Rendering Tracks and Compositions on page 576.
Frame column
Displays a preview of each frame in the item as it renders.
File Name
Lists the name of each item in the queue.
Length
Displays the length of each item in the queue.
Rendering Effects
Controls
Description
Settings column
Contains a menu for each item. This menu controls the scale,
quality, frame rate, and field render settings used in creating a
movie. The options include:
Best (best quality video rendering)
Fast (draft video rendering)
Web (web export)
Corresponds to the Best, Fast, and Web export settings
templates in the Preferences window’s Movie Export tab. For
information on adjusting the export settings in the
Preferences window, see Export Media Tab on page 163.
Preview. Uses the current preview settings to render the
movie.
n
Preview exports the underlying checkerboard if the
effect includes transparent areas.
Custom. Lets you manually customize the render settings for
your effect in the Movie Export Settings window.
Select Open Settings Dialog. Opens the Movie Export
Settings window. See Setting the Movie Export Options on
page 576.
Export Folder
menu
Overrides the global Default Folder setting to select a
separate destination folder for each item in the Render Queue.
The options include:
Use Default Folder. Uses the folder specified by the Default
Folder menu.
Folder. Picks a different location.
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Chapter 11 Finishing: Rendering and Exporting
586
Index
Numerics
16 bit color 72
2D Composite Container 242
2D composite renderer 241
3D Chart Container
Animation Tab 302
Bar Graph 271
Controls 294
3D Chart Containers
overview 270
3D Container
adding to Project window 153
Controls 287
creating 241
motion trails 288
nest tracks 62
positioning 245
3D Containers 240
3D Detail 329
3D Environment 21
3D Extrusion 523, 546
3D Shadow Tab 326
Aluminum material 378
camera controls 331
Copper material 378
creating a texture track 323
creating styles 456
description 93
Glass material 378
Gold material 378
Iron material 378
mapping media to 323
Matte material 378
optimizing effects 324
pivot controls 309
Plastic material 378
positioning controls 308
Reflection Map button 90
3D Extrusion shape 324
3D Faces 555
3D Line Art 523, 546
advantages 335
camera controls 309
compositing controls 312
description 94
exporting as Flash files 581
overview 334
pivot controls 309
positioning controls 308
3D Line Art shape, 432
3D Model Camera Perspective 247
3D Model Container 243
3D model renderer 241
3D Plane 523, 546
Add 3D Plane button 79
border controls 319
camera controls 309
compositing controls 312
crop controls 316
description 93
mask controls 317
motion blur controls 310
overview 318
pivot controls 309
positioning controls 308
shadow controls 315
3D Plane Shape
Lights Tab
367
3D Plane Shapes
Border Tab 349
3D Primitives 318
3D Sphere 321
Index
applying textures 331
Composite Tab 359
Crop Parameters 361
Cube 337
Cylinder 341
Light Tab 366
Mapping Media to 307
Mask tab 376
Motion Blur Tab 380
Page Turn 345
Shadow Tab 386
3D Primitives and Materials tab 328
3D Shadow Tab 326, 348
3D Space
applying materials 327
lighting 325
Lights tab 373
3D space
Cartesian coordinates 21
origin 22
planes 23
XZY coordinates 22
3D Sphere
Add 3D Sphere button 79
description 93
motion blur controls 310
overview 320
using as a 3D Primitive 321
wrapping options 389
3D Text
Add 3D Extrusion Text Media button 78
camera controls 309
compositing controls 312
50–50 Mix apply mode 262
8 bit color 72
A
Absolute Timecode 82
Accelerate interpolation 236
accelerated draft mode
overview 52
Acceleration 234
Add Container 31
Add Container buttons
Add 3D Container button 78
Add 3D Model Container button 78
588
Add Title Container button 78
Add Keyframe button 72
Add Mark button 47
Add Media buttons
Add 3D Extrusion Text Media button 78
Add Audio Track button 78
Add Color Media button 77
Add EPS Media button 77
Add Gradient Media button 77
Add Movie Media button 78
Add Natural Media button 77
Add Paint Media button 78
Add Spline Object Media button 77
Add Spline Primitive Media button 77
Add Still Image Media button 77
Add Vector Text Media button 78
Add Shape Track buttons
Add 3D Extrusion button 78, 78
Add 3D Plane button 79
Add 3D Sphere button 79
Add Cube button 79
Add Cylinder button 79
Open Library Browser button 78
Add Text button
Add Text Page button 78
Add to Render Queue button 73
Adding Media to Shapes 306
Adding to the Render Queue 576
Adobe After Effects filters 188
Adobe Illustrator Files 98
Adobe Photoshop PSD files 147
Aligning
objects in the Composite window 57
Alpha Channel 156
in still images 130, 133
setting for video 135, 135
alpha Channel
viewing 72
Aluminum material 378
Ambience
setting 258
Analyze button 91
Animal skin 113
Animate Button 217
Animate/Static toggle button 65
Animating
setting interpolation type 218
Index
animating
creating keyframes 211
Spline Objects 539
text backdrops 446
text pages 422
Animating Color Stops 111
Animating Shapes, Filters, and Containers 221
Animating Text 423
Animation 209
Animation Tab
3D Chart Container 302
Animation tab 234
Appearance Tab 158
Apply button 88
Apply Mode Menu 260
Apply Modes
Add 261
Boost Bias 262
Boost Equal Power – 262
Boost Equal Power + 262
Boost Expo 1 262
Boost Expo 2 262
Darken 260
Darker 260
Difference 260
Difference X 2 261
Difference X 4 261
Lighten 260
Lighter 260
Multiply 260
Normal 260
Overlay 261
Scale Multiply 261
Scale Screen 261
Screen 260
Subtract 261
Applying 460
Area Chart Tab
Spline 573
Arrow
Solid or Hollow 526
Arrows 570
creating with Spline Primitives 570
Aspect ratio 155
previewing at 4 to 3 195
Audio
Add Audio Track button 78
files, importing 144
keyframing balance 200, 225
keyframing volume 200, 225
playback with effects 199
Preview with 205
previewing with 195
Audio Effects 197
Audio Meters 198
Audio tracks
adjusting Bézier handles 201, 225
playing audio only 199
previewing a single track 199
previewing mixed with other tracks 199
Audio Waveforms 198
automation See animation
Autosave
preferences 160
Avid Training Services 19
Avid Xpress Pro
displaying timecode 82
Axes 22
B
Backdrops
animating 446
animating text backdrops 446
creating for text 446
editing text backdrops 446
editing the shape 446
extruding 446
extruding for text 446
in Text effects 445, 552
mapping media to 444, 444
Balance
keyframing in an audio track 200, 225
Bar Graph
3D Chart Container 271
Baseline 405
Baseline Indicator 418
Batch Importing
still image files 140
BCC filter
loading 171
BCC Filter Tracks
assigning media 172
BCC PixelChooser 190
589
Index
BCC Presets 169
Better Quality Field Rendering 578
Bevel Gradient 106
Bevels
in 3D Extrusion 364
Bevels and Extrusions 332
Bézier handles 74
in an audio track 201, 225
Bitmap to Vector Trace 556
Bitmaps 334
Blur, Motion
in shapes 310
in Title Container 428
Border Tab
3D Plane Shapes 349
Border tab 319
Borders
creating in Text window 408
in 3D Plane shape 319
Boris Continuum Complete 169
Bounce 74, 237
Bounce interpolation 237
Brick Parameters
Type Menu 350
Brush tool 533
using to draw a Spline 533
Brush Type 563
Bump Map 329, 456
Bump Map Tab 352
Bump Maps 555
C
Cache Rendered Frames preference 582
Caching
Cache video frames 582
movie frames 131
Camera 234, 246
Depth of Field 249
Panning 248
Camera Perspective
3D Model 247
Camera Tab 356
3D Extrusion Shape 357
Caps Lock key
suspending rendering 195
Cartesian coordinates 21
590
Cartesian Parameters
Lights Tab 369
Channel 205
Channels 63
setting in Composite window 72
viewing RGB and alpha 72
Channels button 72
Chart
Adding a 2D Style 282
Adding a 3D Style 282
Adding a Legend 280
Adding Animation 283
Adding Dimension 281
Adding numeric values 276
Colors 274
Creating backdrops 286
Editor 271
Font 275
formatting 273
Grid 275
Positioning and Scaling a Numeric Value 278
Type 272
Value Type 277
Chart Container
creating
Bar Graphs 271
Circles
drawing 528
Clearing
In and Out marks 47
Clip Head
setting for a movie 130
Clip Tail
setting for a movie 131
Clone tool 563
Cloth
Natural media 120
Color
Brush type 563
defining 99
Fill Color chip 536
parameter controls 89
Stroke Color chip 536
Color background
Text 429
Color controls
using the Color ramp 89
Index
using the Eyedropper tool 89
Color Correction filter 45
Color Depth 72, 156
Color Media
Add Color Media button 77
Color Media tab 100
Color Modulation 564
Color on a track 87
Color ramp 89
Combine Contours Command 451, 544
Composite Tab
3D Primitives 359
Composite Window
Ad to Render button 72
Aligning objects 57
Color Depth 72
Controls button 73
Create User Mark 72
displaying channels 72, 72
displaying rulers 75
distributing objects 58
Loop modes 71
playback controls 71
Position Point 73
preview controls 72
setting Quality 72
setting Resolution 72
setting Scale 72
Composite window 51
creating text with the Text tool 417
quality modes 53
Composite window controls 71
Compositing 3D Container Images 270
Compositing Text 430
Composition tabs
in the Timeline 29
Compositions
Creating 40
creating text effects 398
inserting 154
moving from Project window to timeline 152
Multiple 40
renaming in the Project window 69
reverting to a saved copy 152
setting the representative frame 41
sorting in the Project window 42
Compression 579
Constant interpolation 211, 236
Container
2D composite 242
3D Model 243
3D positioning 245
Add 31
manipulating 3D objects 244
Z Space Composite 242
Containers 239
Animating 221
creating Bar Graphs 271
Context menus
in Style Palette 48, 463
in Text window 400
Contour Gradient 105
Controls
3D Chart Container 294
3D Container 287
contextual 191
Controls button
on-screen 73
Controls Window 89
Animate button 90, 217
Drop Shadow button 90
Load File button 91
Make Reflection Map button 91
Path Track button 91
Reflection Map button 91
Reset Tab button 90
Text Backdrop button 91
Texture Track button 91, 91
Track Selector button 91
Wireframe button 90, 91
working with buttons 90
Controls window 63
color controls 89
Controls Window buttons 90
Convert to Container
using with Illustrator Files 537
using with Photoshop files 431
using with text 431
Converting
Spline Primitives to Splines 556
Converting Text and Backdrops to Spline Objects 448
Copper material 378
Copying
keyframes 214
591
Index
Corner Pin Tracker 497, 515
overview 498
setting target and search regions 499
Corner Pin Tracker filter
Advanced tab 517
Crop Source tab 519
Crawls, text 425
Creating
3D container 241
keyframes 211
Spline Primitives 546
text 398
tracks 41
Credit Roll
adjusting the speed 424
creating 422
optimizing performance 422
optimizing workflow 423
Crop Parameters
3D Primitives 361
Crop tab 316
Cropping 316
CTI 33, 71, 88
Cube
Add Cube button 79
camera controls 309
compositing controls 312
crop controls 316
description 93
mask controls 317
overview 336
pivot controls 309
positioning controls 308
shadow controls 315
using as a 3D Primitive 337
Cube Tab 362
Curves
value and velocity 227
Customizing
creating keyboard shortcuts 66
rearranging windows 68
saving a custom workspace 66
Cycles 110
Cylinder
Add Cylinder button 79
compositing controls 312
crop controls 316
592
description 93
mask controls 317
overview 341
positioning controls 308
shadow controls 315
using as a 3D Primitive 341
wrap percentage 363
wrapping options 364
Cylinder Tab 363
D
Dab Scatter 565
Dab Shift and Image Shift 566
Date/Time 442
Decay 235
Decelerate interpolation 236
Deflickerring 157
Delete Keyframe 213
Deleting
from Render Queue 584
Depth of Field 249, 332
Desktop 21
customizing 66
Dial Controls 64
Diffuse Specular Parameters
Lights Tab 369
Displaying
rulers in the Composite window 75
timecode 80
Distributing
objects in the Composite window 58
Documentation
Ordering 19
Downstream filters 174
Downstream mask 179
Downstream Masks 178
Draft Quality
setting 164, 164, 165
Draft quality 72
Drawing
a Spline Object 533, 533
Drop Shadow button 315
Drop shadow toggle 91
Duration
effect 81
of tracks 221
Index
setting 81
E
Ease In/Out 74
Ease In/Out interpolation 236
Edge Gradient 107
Editing
Spline Objects 530
Spline Primitives 546
Effects 169, 172
animated 222
creating text 398
glossy surface 314
light source close to surface 315
loading and saving with Library Briowser 186
matte surface 314
Previewing 192
previewing 193
renaming in the Project window 69
Rendering 582
setting duration 81
Encapsulated Post Script (EPS) Files
Add EPS Media button 77
converting to Spline Objects 150
importing 98, 148
preparing 148
Encapsulated Post Script (EPS) files
converting to Spline Objects 537
EPS file 87
Eraser tool 563
Exporting 575
3D Line Art as Flash files 581
from Render Queue 584
settings 585
External Monitor 196
External Monitor Output 167
Extruded Pencil 31, 556
Extruded Text
Add 3D Extrusion Text Media button 78
Extruding
text backdrops 446
Extruding Spline Media 554, 554
Extrusion Tab 364
Extrusions 332
Eyedropper Tool
adjusting colors 89
F
Face tracks 37
multi input mode 37
single input mode 37
Fades, creating 426
Failure Threshold 514
Field Rendering 578
Fill
animating 539
Color chip 536
Path controls 542
Filter
motion path 231
Filter Palette 187
Filter visibility 35
Filters 169, 172
and OpenGL Mode 176
Animating 221
selecting 84
toggling visibility 178
upstream and downstream 174
Final Cut Pro
importing movie files 143
Flash movies
Exporting 581
Flip Image 130
Fonts
creating font styles 454
displaying in the Style Palette 454
Formatting Text 419
FPS 155
Fractal Noise
Natural media 118
Frame Caching 582
Cache Video Frames command 582
movie frames 131
overview 581
Frame rate 155
Frame View 27
Freehand Tolerance menu 522
Full Resolution
setting 72
G
Generate Keyframes command 211
593
Index
Generated Text 440
Generating timecode onscreen 443
Glass material 378
Global and Local Timeline 33
Global Motion Blur button 80
Gold material 378
Gradient Blends 103
Gradient fill 87
Gradient Patterns 109
Animating 111
Gradients 101
Add Gradient Media button 77
loading 112
saving 112
Saving and Loading 112
saving styles 454
Granite
Natural media 123
Grid 76
Grids
creating with Spline Primitive 572
Grids and Guides 55
Guides 55, 56
H
Half Resolution
setting 72
Hand tool 536
Headers and Footers
Text 430
Hearts
creating with Spline Primitives 571
High Quality
setting 164, 164, 165
High quality 72
History Palette
working with 70
Hold interpolation 236
Hold Parameter Values
Hold Parameter Values button 80, 157
overview 219
Hollow Arrow tool 526
using to transform a Spline 526
594
I
Illustrator Files
converting EPS files to Splines 150, 537
importing 148
importing EPS files 98
importing paths 537
Illustrator files
converting EPS files to Splines 537
Image
Channels 63
flip 130
Image shift 566
Imagery
source 195
Importing
Adobe Illustrator files 98, 148, 537
Adobe Photoshop PSD files 147
EPS files 148
movie files 143
multiple still image files 140
Rich Text Format (RTF) 402
sequential still image files 140
simple text files 402
still image files 146
text files 402
In and Out-Points 46
In marks 221
Info window 92
Inserting
Compositions 154
settings 177
Interactors
overview 52
rotating objects 60
scaling objects 62
translating objects 59
Interpolation
Animate button 217
changing type 218, 224
controls 91, 217, 398
Hold Parameter Values overview 219
Hold Parameter Values preference 157
overview 224, 237
resetting 217
setting 217
setting default 217, 218
Index
setting toggle 218
setting type 218
Smart View button 80
toggle interpolation 217
types 224
Interpolation menu 212
Interpolation type 74
Inverting
masks 376
Iron material 378
preserving absolute time 218
random 217
reversing 216
selecting 213
setting interpolation type 218
Smart View button 80
snap CTI to 214
snapping to 214
Keyframing
Animation 210
J
L
J,K,L Keys 193
Jitter 74, 235
Jitter interpolation 236
Justification
Baseline Indicator 418
setting for the Text tool 421
setting in Text window 404
Layer Tab
text 446
Leading
in Text window 404
Library Browser 184
Open Library Browser button 78
Library Browser buttons 207
Library Browser window 27
Light 234
colored 258
Shadows 262
with 3D Model Container 250
with Z Space Composite Container 251
Light Source
Positioning 256
Light Tab 365
3D Primitives 366
Lighting
in 3D Plane and 3D Sphere 319
tips for using 314
Lighting Controls
tips 325
Lights
Overview 250
Lights and Shadows 314
Lights tab
3D Plane Shape 367
3D Space 373
Cartesian Parameters 369
Diffuse Specular Parameters 369
in 3D Plane and 3D Sphere 319
Spherical Parameters 369
Spot Parameters 374
Spotlight Parameters 370
K
Kerning 404
in Text window 404
Keyboard shortcuts
creating 66
creating custom 66
opening 68
restoring defaults 68
saving as a file 67
Keyframe 72
KeyFrame field 32, 81
KeyFrame Library 27, 184
Open LIbrary Browser button 78
Keyframes
copying and pasting 214
creating 211
deleting 213
Generate command 211
Hold Parameter Values overview 219
Hold Parameter Values preference 157
merging 215
moving 214
moving to the next or previous 214
overview 210
overwriting 215
595
Index
Sweep Parameters 371
Linear Gradien 104
Linear interpolation 236
List View 27
Load File Button 90
Locks
on tracks 86
Loop Button 71
Loop Gradient 111
Loop Playback
in the Composite window 71
movie import option 131
M
Magnifying
a Spline Object 536
Magnifying Glass tool 536
Make Alpha Key
creating wipes with 192
Mapping Images to Faces 330
Mapping Media to 3D Primitives 307
Mapping Media to Spline 552
Mapping media to text 443
Margins
setting in Text window 406
Mark In/Out 205
Marks
clearing 47
Mask Tab
3D Primitives 376
Mask tab 317
Mask Track 36
Mask track 38
Mask Tracks
Show/Hide 31
Masks
applying to track 180
from Spline objects 537
in shape controls 317
inverting 376
Show Mask Tracks button 80
Upstream and downstream 178
Material Parameters
Materials Tab 379
Materials Tab 376
Materials tab
596
Aluminum 378
Copper 378
Glass 378
Gold 378
Iron 378
Material Parameters 379
Matte 378
Plastic 378
Materials Tab with 3D Primitives 328
Matte material 378
Media
Adobe Illustrator files 98
Adobe Photoshop PSD Files 147
creating 99
EPS files 148
Face tracks 38
Importing 140
mapping to face of shape 306
resizing 127
selecting type 86
sequential still image files 140
setting the Clip Tail 131
still image files 140, 146
working with 95
Media Files
locating 96
Relinking 97
Media Files Window 96
Media icon
setting the media type 86
Media selection
in Timeline 35
Media Tab
EPS 134
Host 134
Image 132
Movie 129
Mirror mode 535
Mix
Light 262
Mix Back Apply Mode 313
Mixed Colors
Natural media 126
Monitor
external 196
Monitor, External
Preview to 167
Index
Motion Blur 35
Global Motion Blur button 80
in 3D Plane 310
in 3D Sphere 310
in Title Container 428
track control 85
with 3D Container 269
Motion Blur Tab
3D Primitives 380
Motion filters
Advanced controls 505
Corner Pin Tracker 497
correcting errors 497
Motion Stabilizer 500
Motion Tracker 491
setting target and search regions 495, 499
Motion on Path tab 232
Motion Path
adjusting with on-screen controls 74
Motion Path Filter 231
Motion Stabilizer 509
using multiple trackers 501
Motion Stabilizer filter 500
Advanced tab 512
overview 500
Search/Target tab 509
Transform tab 514
Motion Tracker
analyzing motion 496
applying tracker data 493
manually correcting errors 497
overview
Motion Tracker 491
setting target and search regions 495
using in a filter track 494
using in a shape track 493
using multiple trackers 492
Motion Tracker filter
Advanced tab 505
Apply tab 507
Motion Tracking 491
Motion Trails 385, 385
in 3D Container 288
Mouse Wheel
moving the position indicator 69
moving the position indicator with 69
scrolling tracks 69
zooming the Composite window 69
Movie
as track media 86
Movie Export Options 576
Movie Files
Add Movie Media button 78
caching movie frames 131
clipping the head 130, 131
importing 143
looping 131, 131
Movie Media tab 129
setting the Clip Head 130
setting the Clip Tail 131
setting the Start Time 130
Movie files
Exporting from Render Queue 584
interpreting field order when importing 161
Moving
a Spline Object 536
keyframes 214
to the next keyframe 214
to the previous keyframe 214
Multi Input mode
on Face tracks 37
Multi-Frame Mode 534
Multiple Compositions 40
Multiple motion trackers 492
Multi-Shape Text Backdrops 450
N
Natural Media
Add Natural Media button 77
cloth 120
Creating 113
fractal noise 118
granite 123
mixed colors 126
reptilian 124
veined marble 119
weave 121
wood grain 114
wooden planks 116
Natural media 87
creating styles 454
Natural Media Parameters 382
Nesting
597
Index
tracks 45
Noise map 113
Nudging
spline objects 527
Numbers
Generating 442
O
Object Track
Add 31
One Second Display Button 33
Onion-Skin Frames 522
On-screen controls
Controls button 73
motion path 74
position point 73
rulers 75
shape control 73
Open GL
Interactors 204
OpenGL
overview 52
rotating objects 60
scaling objects 62
using interactors 52
OpenGL acceleration 204
OpenGL Interactors
Transforming objects with 59
OpenGL interactors 51
positioning objects 59
translating objects 59
OpenGL Mode and Filters 176
Opening
gradient files 112
Optimizing
extruded effects 324
Origin 22
Origin, 3D space 22
Out marks 221
Out Point 46
Oval tool 528
Ovals
drawing 528
Overshoot 235
598
P
Page Turn 345
compositing controls 312
crop controls 316
description 93
mask controls 317
positioning controls 308
shadow controls 315
using as a 3D Primitive 345
Page Turn Tab 384
Paint Controls 559
Paint Layer
Add 31
Panning the Camera 248
Parameters
resetting values 44
parameters
adjusting color controls 89
Pasting
keyframes 214
Path
motion on 232
Path Commands
Combine Contours 451, 544
using with Spline Objects 544
Path Controls
Spline Objects 542
Path Track
creating motion on a path 232
creating text on a path 435
Path Track button 90
Pen tool 530
using to edit a Spline 530
Pencil 31
Pencil tool 533, 556
using to draw a Spline 533
Photoshop
importing PSD files 147, 147
Pivot 234
Pivot Tab 383
PixelChooser 189
creating wipes 192
PixelChooser Presets 191
planes (XZ, XY, YZ) 23
Plastic Material 378
Playback Controls
Index
looping movies 131
playback controls 71
Frame Advance 71
Frame Back 71
Loop button 71
Play/Stop 71
Plug-In Filter Manager 188
Position 234
Position Indicator
CTI 88
Position indicator 214
moving one frame back 71
moving one frame forward 71
moving to effect start 88
moving to the effect end 88
moving with a mouse wheel 69
moving with the Time field 81
One Second Display button 33
Size to Fit button 34
Position Point 73
constrain 73
Position Tab 384
Positioning
aligning objects in the Composite window 57
distributing objects in the Composite window 58
objects 59
tracks 42
Pre-Compositions 181
Preferences
autosave 160
Behavior tab 159
Export Media tab 163
Hold Parameter Values 157
Import Media tab 161
keyframe time 218
resetting factory 139
saving 139
setting default interpolation 217
Preferences window 158
Preset effects 27
Presets
copying 171
copying to system 171
copying to your system 171
Preview 35
at 4 to 3 aspect ratio 195
Channel setting 72
disabling with Caps Lock key 195
frame accurate 196
menu 202
Quality 72
Quality setting 72
resolution 72
Resolution setting 72
Scale setting 72
setting Composite window scale 72
tracks 84
with proxy images 196, 203
Preview tab 166
Preview to Monitor 167
Preview to RAM 194
Preview window 84
Preview with Audio 205
Project
consolidate 154
Settings 137
starting 137
Project Settings 155
Project Window 25
adding containers 153
adding tracks 153
batch importing files 140
moving compositions to timeline 152
renaming compositions 69
renaming tracks 69
saving containers 41
sorting tracks and compositions 42
View mode 26
Projects
creating 150
Proxy images 196, 203
Q
Quality
Draft 72
High 72
setting 72, 72
setting High or Draft 164, 164, 165
Quality modes
Composite window 53
Quarter Resolution
setting 72
599
Index
R
Radial Gradient 104
RAM
preview to 194
Random color noise map 113
Random Numbers
generating 441
Random Seed 110
Rectangle tool 529
Rectangles
drawing 529
Red, Green, Blue Cycles 110, 110
Reflection Map Button 90
Renaming
tracks 44
Render Queue
deleting compositions 584
deleting tracks 584
export settings 585
overview 575
setting the default export folder 584
Render Queue Controls 584
Rendering 575
disabling with Caps Lock key 195
Effects 582
order 583
setting quality 164, 164, 165
Reordering
tracks 42
Reptilian
Natural media 124
Reset interpolation 237
Resetting
tracks and parameters 44
Resizing
windows 68
Resolution
Resolution controls 72
setting 72
Revert Composition
description of 152
Revolve Gradient 108
RGB channels, viewing 72
Rock Parameters 385
Roller Parameters 567
Roller tool 563
600
Rolls, text 424
adjusting the speed 424
creating 424
masking 424
Rotate tool 527
using to rotate a Spline 527
Rotating
a Spline Object 527
objects 60
Rulers
displaying 75
using to create guides 56
S
Safe Levels 157
Saving
autosave preferences 160
containers to the Project window 41
Scale Stops 110
Scaling
using OpenGL interactors 62
scaling
Composite window image 72
Scissors tool 529
using to split a Spline 529
Search/Target Tab
Corner Pin Tracker 515
Seed 235
Selecting
filters 84
keyframes 213
media type 86
shapes 83
Sensitivity
Snap 55
Setting
Composite window Quality 72
Composite window Resolution 72
duration 81
interpolation type 218
Settings
creating text effects 398
inserting 177
inserting into an Effect 177
Shadow Tab
3D Primitives 386
Index
Shadow tab 315
Shadows
3D Shadow Tab 326
creating in Text window 410
in Title Container 429
Lights 262
Shadow tab 315
with 2D Composite Containers 263
with 3D Model Containers 268
with Z Space Composite Containers 265
Shadows and Lights 314
Shape choices 93
Shape Icon 83
Shape parameters
camera controls 309
camera controls, in 3D Extrusion 331
common parameters 308
compositing controls 312
crop controls 316
lighting controls
in 3D Plane 319
in 3D Sphere 319
mask controls 317
motion trails 385, 385
pivot controls 309
positioning controls 308
shadow controls 315
Shape Track 36
Shape Tracks
Add 31
Shapes 305
3D Line Art 334
3D Plane 318
3D Sphere 320
Adding Media 306
Animating 221
Cube 336
Cylinder 341, 341
drawing 547
editing text backdrops 446
Mapping media to faces 306
Page Turn
overview 345
selecting 83
Sphere 338
Shortcuts
creating 66
creating custom 66
customize 66
opening saved 68
restoring defaults 68
saving as a file 67
Show Mask Tracks button 80
Shuffle
in Title Container 427
Silhouette track
in Spline Objects 554
Single Input mode
on Face tracks 37
Size to Fit Button 34
Skew 405
Slider 64
Sliding
tracks in the timeline 49
Slipping
movie files 131
Slipping Movies 50
Smart View 32
Smart View button 80
Smart View button 32
Snap All Home
description 68
Snap CTI to Keyframe 214, 214
Snap Sensitivity 55
Snap To Grid
Baseline Indicator 418
Snap To Guides 56
Baseline Indicator 418
Solid Arrow tool 525
Sorting
tracks and compositions 42
Sound File tab 206
Source Folder Menu 208
Source Imagery 195
Sphere
3D 320
compositing controls 312
crop controls 316
description 93
Mask controls 317
overview 338
positioning controls 308
shadow controls 315
Sphere Tab 388
601
Index
Spherical Parameters
Lights Tab 369
Spline
Mapping Media to 552
shadows 551
Spline Media 87, 521
Extruding 554
Spline Object 87
Spline Object and Primitive Media
editing 549
Spline Objects
Add Paint Media button 78
Add Spline Object Media button 77
animating 539
animating with the Write-On command 540
as Masks 537
Bring Forward 543
Bring to Top 543
Brush tool 533
combining 544
converting EPS files to 150, 537
converting text to 448, 539
creating 522
creating animated splines 534
creating from Spline Primitives 556
creating static splines 534
Fill Color chip 536
Hand tool 536
Hollow Arrow tool 526
importing Illustrator files 537
Magnifying Glass tool 536
Mirror mode 535
Multi-Frame Mode 534
Oval tool 528
Path controls 542
Pen tool 530
Pencil tool 533
Rectangle tool 529
Rotate tool 527
Scissors tool 529
Send Back 543
Send to Back 543
Split Contours 451, 544
Stroke Color chip 536
Texture tab 443
Tool window 524
with Containers 545
602
Spline objects
nudging 527
saving styles 455
Spline Options 521
Spline Primitives 570
Add 3D Extrusion button 78
Add Spline Primitive Media button 77
converting to Spline Objects 556
editing and manipulating 546
Heart 571
Star 570
Wedge 569
Spline Styles 455
Spline track 31, 523
Splines in Layers 553
Splitting
a Spline Object 529
Split Contours Command 451, 544
Spot Blur 125
Spot Density 125
Spot Parameters
Lights Tab 374
Spotlight Parameters
Lights Tab 370
Spray Parameters 566
Spray tool 563
Square Pixels 129, 205
Squares
drawing 529
Stabilizing
choosing the direction 514, 519
Stars
creating with Spline Primitives 570
Start Time
setting for a movie 130
Static button 65
Static Spline Checkbox 65
Steel Plate Parameters
Type Menu 389
Sticky Tools 522
Still Image File 87
Still Image Files
Add Still Image Media button 77
alpha channel 130, 133
batch importing 140
importing 146
importing Adobe Photoshop PSD files 147
Index
importing sequential files 140
Load File button 90
preparing for import 146
Stone textures 113
Stroke
animating 539
animating with the Write-On command 540
Brush tool 533
Color chip 536
Path controls 542
Style Palette
context menus 463
creating brush styles 455
creating material styles 456
Font tab 454
overview 452
saving styles 452
using 452
using context menus 48
Styles 460
Sweep Parameters
Lights Tab 371
Swing 74, 237
Swing interpolation 236
T
Template Mode 28
Text
Add 3D Extrusion Text Media button 78
Add Text Page button 78
Add Vector Text Media button 78
Adding borders 434
and Color Styles 452
animating 423
animating backdrops 446
Animation Tab Parameters 465
Backdrop tab 445, 552
Baseline 405
border controls 408
Border Tab Parameters 465
breaking into separate tracks 431
color background 429
Composite Tab Parameters 468
Compositing 430
converting to Spline Objects 539
crawls 425
creating 448
creating 3D extrusion styles 456
creating a backdrop 446
creating a credit roll 422
creating brush styles 455
creating gradient media styles 454
creating in a Word Processor 415
creating material styles 456
creating Natural media styles 454
creating spline styles 455
creating text effects 398
creating with the Text tool 417
Date and Time 442
editing backdrops 446
Effect 397
extruding backdrops 446
fades 426
Fill Tab Parameters 469
formatting 419
generated 440
Generator Tab Parameters 469
Headers and Footers 430
import 87
importing 402
Jitter Tab Parameters 473
Justification
setting for the Text tool 421
justification 404
kerning 404, 404
Layer tab 446, 447
Layer Tab Parameters 474
leading 404
Mapping media 443
mapping media to backdrops 444
margin controls 406
media control tabs 432
Motion Blur Tab Parameters 475
on a path 435
overview 395
Path tab 435
Path Tab Parameters 476
Path Track button 90
randomizing 437
Render Tab Parameters 478
rolls 424
saving gradient media styles 454
saving styles 452
603
Index
shadow controls 410
Shadow Tab Parameters 478, 479
shuffle effects 427
Style Palette 399
Style Palette Controls 479
Style Preview Menu 480
styles
categorizing in Style Palette 457
saving to Style Palette 459
Template 412
Text Backdrop button 90
Texture Tab 481
Texture Track button 90
Transform tab 433
Type-On Animation 436
Window Menu 481
zoom effects 426
Text Backdrop Button 90
Text Backdrops
Multi-Shape 450
Text Fill and Opacity 434
Text Media 395
Text tool 528
Baseline Indicator 418
creating text in the Composite window 417
formatting text 418
justifying 421
repositioning text 418
Text Window 398
Border Tab 485
context menus 400
Fill Tab 485
overview 397
Page Tab 484
Shadow Tab 486
Style Tab 482
tracking 404
Transform Tab Parameters 488
Texture tab
mapping media to splines 443
mapping media to text 444
Texture Track Button 90, 90, 91
Texture tracks
creating 323
Textures Tab 391
Textures tab
using with 3D Primitives 331
604
Thumbnail
Animating 28
Thumbnails
animated 185
TImecode
from Avid Xpress Pro 82
Timecode 155
Absolute 82
display in timeline 80
preferences 80, 82
Timecode Area 30
Timecode Display 32
Timecode Dsplay 80
Timeline
Add 3D Extrusion button 78, 78
Add 3D Extrusion Text Media button 78
Add 3D Plane button 79
Add 3D Sphere button 79
Add Audio Track button 78
Add Color Media button 77
Add Cube button 79
Add Cylinder button 79
Add EPS Media button 77
Add Gradient Media button 77
Add Movie Media button 78
Add Natural Media button 77
Add Paint Media button 78
Add Shape buttons 82
Add Spline Object Media button 77
Add Spline Primitive Media button 77
Add Still Image Media button 77
Add Text Page button 78
Add Vector Text Media button 78
adding user marks 47
Compositing 39
creating keyframes 211
Global and Local 33
Global Motion Blur button 80
Hold Parameter Values overview 219
inserting compositions 154
Motion Blur 85
moving the position indicator with mouse wheel
69
moving user marks 48
One Second Display button 33
opening a Preview window 84
Show Mask Tracks button 80
Index
Size to Fit button 34
sliding tracks 49
Smart View button 80
timecode display 80
track controls 82
Timeline Buttons 30
Timeline Tracks 34
working with 41
Timeline window 29
Title Container
creating crawls 425
creating fades 426
creating rolls 424
motion blur 428
overview 422
shadows 429
shuffle effects 427
zoom effects 426
Title Safe 76
Title Safe Area 205
Titles
converting to Spline Objects 539
Toggle Interpolation 217
Tool window
Brush tool 533
Fill Color chip 536
Hand tool 536
Hollow Arrow tool 526
Magnifying Glass tool 536
Mirror mode 535
Multi-Frame Mode 534
Oval tool 528
Pen tool 530
Pencil tool 533
Rectangle tool 529
Rotate tool 527
Scissors tool 529
Solid Arrow tool 525
Sticky Tools preference 522
Stroke Color chip 536
Text tool 528
using to animate Spline Objects 524
Tools tab 160
Track
Lock 35
Mask 36
selecting 43
Track controls 82
Track Selector Button 90
Track Selector button 90, 437
Track types 35
Track Visibility control 83
Tracker Data 234
Tracking
in Text window 404
Tracking motion 491
Tracks
adding to Project window 153
creating 41
deleting from Render Queue 584
face 37
locking 86
moving from Project window to timeline 152
multiple
Adjusting parameters on 43
nesting 45
opening a Preview window 84
positioning 42
renaming 44
reordering 42
resetting values 44
Saving selected 43
sliding in the timeline 49
sorting in the Project window 42
transformations 37
Types 35
Working with 41
Trails
in 3D Container 288
in shapes 385, 385
Training
Avid Services 19
Transformations tracks 37
Transitions
wipes 192
Translating
objects 59, 59
Trimming
movie files 131
Type Menu 385
Brick Parameters 350
Rock Parameters 385
Steel Plate Parameters 389
Type On Tab
605
Index
Overshoot 235
Type-On Animation 436
Type-On Tab Parameters 489
U
Undo
using the History Palette 70
Undo and redo 69
Update Source 196
Upstream and downstream filters 174
Upstream Masks 178
User Mark 72
User Mark button 72
User Marks 47
User marks
adding to timeline 47
moving 48
V
Value and Velocity Curves
overview 227
Value Curves
controls 227
Value curves
manipulating 229
Values
Locking 65
Vector Graphics 334
Vector Trace Tool 556
Veined Marble
Natural media 119
Velocity 235
Velocity curves
overview 230
Video
refreshing 195
Video Compression 579
Video formats 155
Video on a track 87
View Mode
Project window 26
Volume
keyframing in an audio track 200, 225
Volume animation
creating 200, 225
606
W
Wacom Pen Tip 568
Wacom® tablet 564
Weave
Natural media 121
Wedges
creating with Spline Primitives 569
Wiggle value 212
Windows
rearranging 68
resizing 68
snapping home 68
Wireframe
Wireframe button 91
Wood Grain
Natural media 114
Wood textures 113
Wooden Planks
Natural media 116
Workspaces
creating custom 66
saving custom 66
switching 66
switching between 66
Woven fabric 113
Wrapping
in 3D Sphere 389
in Cylinder 364
Write-On command
animating Spline Objects 540
X
XYZ Axes 22
XYZ coordinates 22
Z
Z Space Composite Container 242
Z space composite renderer 241
Zoom
in Title Container 426
Zoom window
description 68