Cabletron Systems STH-24 User`s guide

STH-22/-24/-42/-44
STACKABLE TOKEN RING HUB
USER’S GUIDE
CABLETRON SYSTEMS, P. O. Box 5005, Rochester, NH 03866-5005
NOTICE
NOTICE
Cabletron Systems reserves the right to make changes in specifications and
other information contained in this document without prior notice. The reader
should in all cases consult Cabletron Systems to determine whether any such
changes have been made.
The hardware, firmware, or software described in this manual is subject to
change without notice.
IN NO EVENT SHALL CABLETRON SYSTEMS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
WHATSOEVER (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOST PROFITS)
ARISING OUT OF OR RELATED TO THIS MANUAL OR THE
INFORMATION CONTAINED IN IT, EVEN IF CABLETRON SYSTEMS HAS
BEEN ADVISED OF, KNOWN, OR SHOULD HAVE KNOWN, THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
© Copyright February 1996 by:
Cabletron Systems, Inc.
P.O. Box 5005, Rochester, NH 03866-5005
All Rights Reserved
Printed in the United States of America
Order Number: 9031319 February 1996
STH, HubSTACK, and MicroMMAC are trademarks of Cabletron Systems,
Inc.
SPECTRUM, LANVIEW, and Remote LANVIEW, are registered
trademarks of Cabletron Systems, Inc.
IBM is a registered trademark of International Business Machines
Corporation.
CompuServe is a registered trademark of CompuServe, Inc.
DEC and VT100 are trademarks of Digital Equipment Corporation.
Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Printed On
Recycled Paper
iii
NOTICE
FCC Notice
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for
a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when
the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment uses,
generates, and can radiate radio frequency energy and if not installed in
accordance with the operator’s manual, may cause harmful interference to
radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is
likely to cause interference in which case the user will be required to correct the
interference at his own expense.
WARNING: Changes or modifications made to this device which are not
expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the
user’s authority to operate the equipment.
DOC Notice
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise
emissions from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulations
of the Canadian Department of Communications.
Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant
les limites applicables aux appareils numériques de la class A prescrites dans
le Règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique édicté par le ministère des
Communications du Canada.
iv
NOTICE
CABLETRON SYSTEMS, INC.
PROGRAM LICENSE AGREEMENT
IMPORTANT:
Agreement.
Before utilizing this product, carefully read this License
This document is an agreement between you, the end user, and Cabletron
Systems, Inc. (“Cabletron”) that sets forth your rights and obligations with
respect to the Cabletron software program (the “Program”) contained in this
package. The Program may be contained in firmware, chips or other media. BY
UTILIZING THE ENCLOSED PRODUCT, YOU ARE AGREEING TO
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THE PLACE OF PURCHASE FOR A FULL REFUND.
CABLETRON SOFTWARE PROGRAM LICENSE
1.
LICENSE. You have the right to use only the one (1) copy of the Program provided
in this package subject to the terms and conditions of this License Agreement.
You may not copy, reproduce or transmit any part of the Program except as
permitted by the Copyright Act of the United States or as authorized in writing by
Cabletron.
2.
OTHER RESTRICTIONS. You may not reverse engineer, decompile, or
disassemble the Program.
3.
APPLICABLE LAW. This License Agreement shall be interpreted and governed
under the laws and in the state and federal courts of New Hampshire. You accept
the personal jurisdiction and venue of the New Hampshire courts.
v
NOTICE
EXCLUSION OF WARRANTY
AND DISCLAIMER OF LIABILITY
1.
EXCLUSION OF WARRANTY. Except as may be specifically provided by
Cabletron in writing, Cabletron makes no warranty, expressed or implied,
concerning the Program (including Its documentation and media).
CABLETRON DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, OTHER THAN THOSE
SUPPLIED TO YOU BY CABLETRON IN WRITING, EITHER EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
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RESPECT TO THE PROGRAM, THE ACCOMPANYING WRITTEN MATERIALS,
AND ANY ACCOMPANYING HARDWARE.
2.
vi
NO LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. IN NO EVENT SHALL
CABLETRON OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES
WHATSOEVER (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES FOR LOSS
OF BUSINESS, PROFITS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, LOSS OF BUSINESS
INFORMATION, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR RELIANCE
DAMAGES, OR OTHER LOSS) ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO
USE THIS CABLETRON PRODUCT, EVEN IF CABLETRON HAS BEEN
ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. BECAUSE SOME
STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, OR ON THE DURATION
OR LIMITATION OF IMPLIED WARRANTEES IN SOME INSTANCES THE
ABOVE LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
NOTICE
UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
RESTRICTED RIGHTS
The enclosed product (a) was developed solely at private expense; (b) contains
“restricted computer software” submitted with restricted rights in accordance
with Section 52227-19 (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software Restricted Rights Clause and its successors, and (c) in all respects is
proprietary data belonging to Cabletron and/or its suppliers.
For Department of Defense units, the product is licensed with “Restricted
Rights” as defined in the DoD Supplement to the Federal Acquisition
Regulations, Section 52.227-7013 (c) (1) (ii) and its successors, and use,
duplication, disclosure by the Government is subject to restrictions as set forth
in subparagraph (c) (1) (ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer
Software clause at 252.227-7013. Cabletron Systems, Inc., 35 Industrial Way.
Rochester, New Hampshire 03866
vii
CONTENTS
CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
1.1
Using This Manual. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
1.2
STH Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
1.2.1 LANVIEW LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
1.2.2 TCU Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
1.2.3 Automatic Beacon Recovery Process . . . . . . . . 1-4
1.2.4 Support for Passive MAU Workgroups . . . . . . 1-4
1.3
Related Manuals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
1.4
Getting Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
CHAPTER 2
REQUIREMENTS & SPECIFICATIONS
2.1
General Considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
2.2
Cable Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
2.3
UTP Cabling Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
2.3.1 UTP Cable Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
2.3.2 UTP Lobe Lengths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
2.4
STP Cabling Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
2.4.1 STP Cable Categories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
2.4.2 STP Lobe Lengths. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
2.5
TCU Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
2.6
Operating Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
2.6.1 Ring Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
2.6.2 Ring Sequence. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
2.6.3 Power Supply Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
2.6.4 Environmental Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
2.6.5 Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
2.6.6 Physical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
ix
CONTENTS
CHAPTER 3
INSTALLATION
3.1
Unpacking the STH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
3.2
Installing the STH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
3.2.1 Rack Mount or Wall Mount Hardware. . . . . . . 3-1
3.2.2 Adding the STH to a Stack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
3.2.3 Attaching the Strain Relief Bracket . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
3.2.4 Rack-Mounting the STH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
3.2.5 Wall-Mounting the STH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
3.2.6 Free-Standing Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
3.2.7 Connecting the STH to the Power Source . . . . 3-7
3.2.8 Attaching Network Cabling to TCU Ports . . . . 3-7
3.3
Finishing the Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
CHAPTER 4
TROUBLESHOOTING
4.1
LANVIEW LED Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
4.2
Trouble Resolution. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
x
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
Welcome to the Cabletron Systems STH-22/-24/-42/-44 Stackable Token
Ring Hub User’s Guide. The STH (Stackable Token Ring Hub) is a nonintelligent hub designed to provide expanded connectivity for Cabletron
Systems’ STHi intelligent hubs and Cabletron Systems MicroMMAC
intelligent hubs. This manual provides installation instructions and
reference information for STH models 22, 24, 42, and 44.
Note: The term STH is used throughout this manual when describing
features and functions that are common to the above listed STH models.
1.1
Using This Manual
Read through this manual completely to familiarize yourself with its
content and to gain an understanding of the features and capabilities of
the STH. A general working knowledge of IEEE 802.5 Token Ring data
communications networks and their physical layer components will be
helpful when installing the STH.
Chapter 1, INTRODUCTION, outlines the contents of this manual,
briefly describes STH features, and concludes with a list of related
manuals.
Chapter 2, REQUIREMENTS & SPECIFICATIONS, describes
installation requirements, network guidelines, and STH operating
specifications.
Chapter 3, INSTALLATION, contains instructions for installing the STH.
Chapter 4, TROUBLESHOOTING, describes how to use the LANVIEW
LEDs to troubleshoot network problems.
1.2
STH Overview
The STH is a non-intelligent hub which provides expanded connectivity
for Cabletron Systems’ STHi intelligent hubs and Cabletron Systems
MicroMMAC intelligent hubs. Each STH added to an intelligent hub‘s
managed stack increases the LAN’s connectivity by 12 or 24 Trunk
Page 1-1
STH Overview
Connector Ports (TCUs) for connections to stations and other network
devices.
®
HubSTACK TOKEN RING HUB with LANVIEW
SUPPORTING 100 OHM UTP CABLE
STH-24
24X
23X
22X
21X
20X
19X
18X
17X
16X
11X
10X
9X
8X
7X
6X
5X
4X
15X
14X
13X
PWR
16Mb/s
STACK
4M
16M
SPEED
12X
STH-24
3X
2X
1X
TOKEN RING HUB with LANVIEW®
SN
RESERVED
STACK
Figure 1-1. Front and Back Views of the STH-24
Up to four STH hubs can be linked to the same intelligent hub, bringing
the total direct connectivity potential to 120 managed TCU ports in the
stack. Intelligent hubs serve as the logical “top” of the stack and provide
full frame and error statistics for the collective stack, for each individual
device, and for each port. Hubs can be added to and removed from the
stack without powering-down any of the devices involved.
Cabletron’s HubSTACK Interconnect cables, Part Number 9380141, are
needed when stacking hubs.
The STH fully conforms to IEEE 802.5Token Ring specifications for
connectivity to Token Ring equipment. STH hubs offer:
•
support for Cabletron Systems’ Automatic Beacon Recovery
Process (ABRP),
•
Multiple Ring Out connectivity for Passive MAU workgroups,
•
automatic speed fault protection,
•
active filtering, re-timing, and repeating circuitry on all ports,
•
and LANVIEW LEDs for “at-a-glance” diagnostic monitoring.
The STH does not have management capability and is not intended to be
used as a stand-alone device. Management must be provided by a
Cabletron Systems intelligent hub, either the STHi Stackable Token Ring
Hub with Intelligence or the MicroMMAC intelligent hub.
Page 1-2
LANVIEW LEDs
1.2.1
LANVIEW LEDs
Cabletron Systems’ LANVIEW Status Monitoring and Diagnostics
System is a troubleshooting tool. Conveniently located on the front panel,
LANVIEW LEDs help the user to quickly identify power failures,
beaconing conditions, cable faults, and link problems.
Refer to Section 4.1, LANVIEW LED Signals for more information on the
LANVIEW LED visual status monitoring system.
1.2.2
TCU Ports
Each STH, depending on the STH model (see Table 1-1. ), is equipped
with 12 or 24 TCU ports, each fitted with a female RJ45 modular
connector jack to support the attachment of either STP (shielded twisted
pair) or UTP (unshielded twisted pair) cabling with RJ45 connector plugs.
Models that support STP cabling use RJ45 connectors that provide a
grounded connection for the cabling shield.
Table 1-1. Port and Media List for STH Models
STH-22
12 - Unshielded RJ45 ports
STH-24
24 - Unshielded RJ45 ports
STH-42
12 - Shielded RJ45 ports
STH-44
24 - Shielded RJ45 ports
Lobe Port and Multiple Ring Out Port Configurations
Each TCU port on the STH is internally defaulted to operate as a lobe
interface to support the insertion of a Token Ring station into a ring.
However, each TCU port may also be reconfigured, via the intelligent
hub’s Local Management (LM) application, to function as a Ring Out port
to support the connection of non-intelligent, passive MAU (Multi-Station
Access Unit) workgroups. See Section 1.2.4, Support for Passive MAU
Workgroups.
Ring Speed Fault Protection
STH hubs also provide Ring Speed Fault Protection on each TCU port to
protect against beaconing conditions caused by stations inserted at the
Page 1-3
Automatic Beacon Recovery Process
wrong ring speed. If a ring speed mismatch is detected, the STH disables
the port to keep the misconfigured station isolated from the ring and
provides a simple visible LED signal (blinking red at the port’s LED) to
indicate to the user that Speed Fault Protection has disabled the port. The
port remains disabled until the ring speed mismatch condition is
removed or resolved.
Active Circuitry
On each TCU port, STH hubs provide active circuitry which filters,
equalizes, and amplifies all received signals before transmitting them to
the next point on the ring. The result is enhanced signal integrity and
extended maximum station lobe cable distances.
Daughter Board Upgrade Kit
Both the STH-22 and the STH-42 can be upgraded to 24 ports using the
following daughter board upgrade kits:
•
TR-UTP-UGKT for STH-22.
•
TR-STP-UGKT for STH-42.
1.2.3
Automatic Beacon Recovery Process
To guard against interruptions in network operations due to beaconing
conditions, the STH supports Cabletron Systems’ advanced Automatic
Beacon Recovery Process which automatically partitions problematic
lobes from the ring, allowing the rest of the ring to continue operating.
(ABRP engages even before the IEEE standard beacon recovery process
begins and is able to treat conditions beyond the scope of the IEEE
process.) It is the stack’s intelligent hub that actually executes the ABRP
algorithm. The intelligent hub also checks partitioned lobes periodically
and re-enables them automatically once they have recovered.
1.2.4
Support for Passive MAU Workgroups
Whereas a station signals a TCU to open its interface by sending a
phantom current down its lobe cable, a passive Multi-Station Access Unit
can not provide phantom current. A TCU Ring Out port is therefore
configured to ignore the absence of phantom current in the connecting
cable and to look instead for the presence of data bits to determine link
status.
Page 1-4
Related Manuals
By default, each of the STH hub’s TCU ports is configured to its STN
(station) setting to support concentrator lobe connections to stations.
Through Local Management, any TCU port may be reconfigured to its
RO (Ring Out) setting to support connections to passive MAU (MultiStation Access Unit) workgroups.
Improved Protection from Beaconing
The STH provides enhanced reliability for existing networks which use
passive MAUs because Multiple Ring Out TCUs allow for the separate
attachment of each MAU. Rather than daisy-chaining MAUs together as a
single entity and risking their collective isolation in case of beaconing, the
user can now attach each MAU individually, reducing the number of
MAU ports that are at risk of collective isolation in case of beaconing on
the ring; ABRP is able to bypass individually connected MAUs on an
individual rather than collective basis. See Figure 1-2.
No Connection Redundancy
The STH hub’s Ring Out TCU configuration does not provide for the
MAU’s redundant connection to the ring. In the common configuration, a
MAU chain is dual-attached to the Token Ring LAN via both a Ring Out
cable and a Ring In cable. Using a TCU port, however, each passive MAU
workgroup is physically connected to the hub in the same manner as a
station—by a single cable—and therefore is not provided a backup path
between the MAU and the Token Ring network. Only the dual
attachment of Ring In and Ring Out cables can provide a backup path.
This level of connectivity must be provided by a dedicated pair of Ring In
/ Ring Out ports such as those available on the intelligent hub.
1.3
Related Manuals
Use the STHi User’s Guide (PN 9031390) and the MicroMMAC-xxT
User’s Guide (PN 9031320) to supplement the procedures and other
technical data provided in this manual.
Page 1-5
Related Manuals
DAISY-CHAIN MAU CONFIGURATION
Multi-Station
Access Units
When MAUs are daisy-chained,
they are connected as single collective entity.
The entire chain must be bypassed
to isolate the hub from a single beaconing station.
All stations lose connection if beaconing occurs on any station.
Ring
Out
Ring
In
Hub with
Ring In / Ring Out
Ring
In
(8 Stations)
Ring
Out
Ring
In
(8 Stations)
Ring
Out
Ring
In
(8 Stations)
Ring
Out
Ring
In
(8 Stations)
Ring
Out
RING OUT TCU MAU CONFIGURATION
Ring
Out
Ring
Out
Ring
Out
Ring
Out
STH TCUs
Ring
In
(8 Stations)
Ring
In
(8 Stations)
Ring
In
(8 Stations)
Ring
In
(8 Stations)
Multi-Station
Access Units
When each MAU is individually connected to the STH hub,
only one MAU must be bypassed
to isolate the hub from a beaconing MAU station.
The 8 stations on that MAU still go down,
but the remaining MAUs and their stations stay operational.
Figure 1-2. Improved Beacon Recovery Resolution for MAUs
Page 1-6
Getting Help
1.4
Getting Help
If you need additional support related to the Cabletron Systems STH, or if
you have any questions, comments, or suggestions concerning this
manual, contact Cabletron Systems Technical Support:
By phone:
By CompuServe®:
By Internet mail:
(603) 332-9400
Monday-Friday; 8am - 8pm EST
GO CTRON from any ! prompt
support@ctron.com
By Fax:
(603) 337-3075
By BBS:
(603) 337-3750
By mail:
Cabletron Systems, Inc.
P.O. Box 5005
Rochester, NH 03866-5005
Page 1-7
CHAPTER 2
REQUIREMENTS & SPECIFICATIONS
This chapter describes network guidelines, power requirements, and
operating specifications for the STH. Before installing the STH, read this
chapter and confirm that the network meets the requirements and
conditions specified in this chapter. Failure to follow these guidelines
could result in poor network performance.
2.1
General Considerations
All devices connected to the STH must meet IEEE 802.5 Token Ring
specifications.
Maximum Number of Stations on a Ring
The maximum stack composed of four 24-port STH hubs and one 24-port
intelligent hub offers a total of 120 TCU ports, but the number of ports
available on the LAN may be increased by the use of passive Multistation Access Units (MAUs) (refer to Section 1.2.4, Support for
Passive MAU Workgroups). The recommended maximum number of
stations in a single ring is 250 stations when using STP lobe cabling and
150 stations when using UTP cabling anywhere on the ring.
Crosstalk
Crosstalk is interference caused by signal coupling between different
cable pairs contained within a multi-pair cable bundle. Multi-pair cables
should not be used for UTP lobe cabling. Avoid mixing Token Ring
signals with other applications (voice, etc.) within the same cable.
Noise
Noise can be caused by either crosstalk or externally induced impulses.
Outside systems (motors, switching equipment, fluorescent lighting, high
amperage equipment) may produce electrical interference causing noise.
The number and quality of cable connections also contribute considerably
to noise levels. If noise induced errors are suspected, it may be necessary
Page 2-1
General Considerations
to re-route cabling away from potential noise sources, or to ensure that
the electrical wiring in the area is properly wired and grounded, or to
replace connectors along affected segments.
Temperature
The attenuation of PVC-insulated cable varies significantly with
temperature. Check the cable manufacturer’s specifications. Plenumrated cables are strongly recommended in areas where temperatures
exceed 40˚C. Under such conditions, plenum-rated cables ensure that
cable attenuation remains within specifications.
Installation Recommendations
In addition to complying with the cable specifications presented in
Sections 2.2 and 2.3, the cabling installation should comply with the
following recommendations to obtain optimum performance from the
network:
•
UTP cabling should be free of splices, stubs, or bridged taps.
•
No more than two punch-down blocks should exist between TCU
ports and wall outlets.
•
Metal troughs, ducts, etc. carrying Token Ring signals should be
properly grounded.
•
Cables should be routed away from sources of electrical noise, such as
power lines, fluorescent lights, electric motors, radio interference, and
heavy machinery.
•
Token Ring signals should not be routed through UTP cables that exit
a building or which are adjacent to cables either exiting a building or
exposed to lightning strikes and power surges.
•
UTP cables that contain Token Ring signals should not be
simultaneously used for applications which may impress high
voltages (greater than 5 volts) with sharp rise or fall times, since the
noise coupling from such signals could directly cause errors on the
Token Ring network.
•
For single telecommunications closet rings, lobe lengths should not
exceed 100 meters of 22 to 24 AWG wire from the attaching device and
the TCU port.
Page 2-2
Cable Specifications
•
Where practical, dedicated cable should be used for Token Ring
signals.
•
Work area wall plates and outlets used for the Token Ring network
should be clearly labeled as Token Ring network lobe connections.
2.2
Cable Specifications
Take care in planning and preparing the cabling and connections for the
network. The susceptibility of the LAN’s cables to crosstalk and noise
determines the network’s error rate, and thus, the reliability of data
propagation on the network. The quality of the connections, the length of
cables and other conditions of the installation are critical factors in
determining the reliability of the network.
2.3
UTP Cabling Specifications
Both UTP supporting modules (STH-22 / 24) support D-inside wiring
(DIW) voice grade Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) cable as described
below and in EIA SP-1907B. All category 5, all category 4, and some (see
Section 2.3.2, UTP Lobe Lengths, on page 5) category 3 UTP cables
meet Token Ring network performance requirements.
2.3.1
UTP Cable Categories
Both UTP concentrator modules (STH-22 / 24) support UTP cables
classified as category 3, 4, and 5.
UTP cable is categorized according to the following specifications:
Page 2-3
UTP Cable Categories
Table 2-1. UTP Cable Category Specifications
UTP
Cat.
Operating
Frequency
Electrical
Impedance
Signal
Attenuation
per 100m
NEXT
loss
(@ ≥100m)
4 MHz
≤ 100Ω ±15%
≤ 5.6 dB
≥ 32 dB
16 MHz
≤ 100Ω ±15%
≤ 13.1 dB
≥ 23 dB*
4 MHz
≤ 100Ω ±15%
≤ 4.3 dB
≥ 47 dB
16 MHz
≤ 100Ω ±15%
≤ 8.9 dB
≥ 38 dB
4 MHz
≤ 100Ω ±15%
≤ 4.3 dB
≥ 63 dB
16 MHz
≤ 100Ω ±15%
≤ 8.2 dB
≥ 44 dB
3
4
5
*below Token Ring performance requirement of ≥ 30.5 dB.
Category 3 consists of (usually) four Unshielded Twisted Pairs of
24 AWG solid wire for data or voice communication. (IBM Type 3 is
coincidentally the same as UTP Category 3.) It is typically used to wire
cable runs within the walls of buildings. In some installations, preexisting UTP building wiring can be used for Token Ring cabling.
Warning: At 16 Mb/s ring speeds, some Category 3 cable does not meet
the performance requirements of a Token Ring network. This may
impose lower limits on lobe cable distances and ring node counts. See
Table 2-1.
Categories 4 and 5 are higher quality versions of category 3. They use the
same gauge of wire but demonstrate superior performance due to
improvements in material quality and assembly (e.g. more twists per
foot).
Warning: Because Near-End Crosstalk (NEXT) contributes the
majority of its detrimental effects near the end of a lobe cable, the
quality of jumper cables and patch cables is most critical. Seek the
highest practical grade. The quality of connectors and terminators is
also critical.
Warning: Telephone Battery and Ringing voltages used in UTP
telephone circuits could present a shock hazard and can damage Token
Ring equipment if connected to Token Ring cabling. DO NOT connect
Page 2-4
UTP Lobe Lengths
UTP cabling to any non-Token Ring network conductors
(telephone, etc.) or ground. If in doubt, test wiring before using.
2.3.2
UTP Lobe Lengths
The physical length of the cable connecting a station to a TCU port on the
concentrator is referred to as the lobe length. The maximum lobe length
attainable with the concentrator, under ideal conditions, is shown in Table
2-2. Cable routing, connector attenuation, noise, and crosstalk can
adversely affect the maximum lobe length.
Table 2-2. UTP Maximum Lobe Lengths.
UTP
Category
@ 4 Mb/s
@ 16 Mb/s
meters
(feet)
meters
(feet)
3
200
(656)
100*
(328)*
4
225
(738)
110
(360)
5
250
(820)
120
(393)
* for cable with NEXT loss ≥ 30.5 dB per 100m
Some UTP category 3 cables fail to meet the performance minimums
required to support a Token Ring network. Whereas category 3 allows for
near end crosstalk (NEXT) loss as low as 23 dB per 100 m at 16 Mb/s,
Token Ring performance requirements demand a NEXT loss of at least
30.5 dB. To safeguard against worst case conditions (running at 16 Mb/s
and using category 3 cable with the category’s lowest qualifying NEXT
loss—23 dB), the recommended maximum lobe length should be reduced
to keep crosstalk interference within acceptable levels when using
category 3 cable.
2.4
STP Cabling Specifications
Both STP concentrator modules (STH-42 / 44) support all STP cables
classified as IBM Types 1, 2, 6, and 9. All cables meeting the criteria for
classification as IBM Type 1, 2, 6, or 9 meet Token Ring network
performance requirements.
Page 2-5
STP Cable Categories
2.4.1
STP Cable Categories
The supported STP cable types meet the following specifications:
Table 2-3. STP Cable Type Specifications.
IBM
Type
Attenuation per...
Operational
Frequency
Impedance
4 MHz
1000 m
(1000 ft)
≤ 150Ω ±15%
≤ 22 dB
(≤ 6.7 dB)
16 MHz
≤ 150Ω ±15%
≤ 45 dB
(≤ 13.7 dB)
4 MHz
≤ 150Ω ±15%
≤ 33 dB
(≤ 10.0 dB)
16 MHz
≤ 150Ω ±15%
≤ 66 dB
(≤ 20.0 dB)
1&2
6&9
IBM Type 1 consists of two shielded twisted pairs (STP) of 22 AWG solid
wire for data. Used for the longest cable runs within the walls of
buildings.
IBM Type 2 consists of six pairs of unshielded twisted pairs of 24 AWG
solid wire and a shield casing. The two pairs carried within the shield
casing are used to carry Token Ring data. The four pairs carried outside of
the shield casing are typically used for voice communication. Type 2 is
frequently used to wire cable runs within the walls of buildings.
IBM Type 6 consists of two STP of 26 AWG stranded wire for data.
Because of its high attenuation, Type 6 is used only in patch panels or to
connect devices to/from wall jacks. Attenuation for Type 6 cable is 3/2 x
Type 1 cable (attenuation for 66 m of Type 6 = attenuation for 100 m of
Type 1).
IBM Type 9 is similar to Type 1, but uses 26 AWG solid wire. Like Type 6,
because of its high attenuation, Type 9 is used only in patch panels or to
connect devices to/from wall jacks. Attenuation for Type 9 cable is 3/2 x
Type 1 cable (66 m of Type 9 = 100 m of Type 1).
2.4.2
STP Lobe Lengths
The physical length of the cable connecting a station to a TCU port on the
concentrator is referred to as the lobe length. The maximum lobe length
attainable with the concentrator, under ideal conditions, is shown in Table
Page 2-6
TCU Specifications
2-4. Cable routing, connector attenuation, noise and crosstalk can
adversely affect the maximum lobe length.
Table 2-4. STP Maximum Lobe Lengths.
STP
Types
@ 4 Mb/s
@ 16 Mb/s
meters
(feet)
meters
(feet)
1&2
300
(984)
150
(492)
6&9
200
(656)
100
(328)
Mixed STP Cable Types
If cable types are to be mixed in the LAN, compensations must be made
for the different cable attenuations. For example, Type 6 & 9 cables can be
run for only 2/3 the distance of Type 1: 100 meters of Type 1 ≈ 66 meters
of Types 6 or 9)
2.5
TCU Specifications
All STH models provide RJ45 TCU connectors for network connections.
The STH-22/-24 supports UTP and the STH-42/-44 supports STP. Each
TCU port is internally crossed-over to provide connections for straightthrough station lobe cabling.
Cable Shield*
TX+
RXRX+
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
MALE
RJ45
*Cable Shield
not used
with UTP cabling
TXCable Shield*
Figure 2-1. TCU pinouts
Page 2-7
Operating Specifications
On STH models -42/-44, each RJ45 connector is encased in a metallic
shield which provides a means of connection for the STP cable shield.
Shield continuity is maintained by contacts within the female RJ45 that
contact the metallic casing of the male RJ45 on the STP lobe cabling.
Shielded patch cables that adapt a shielded RJ45 to a Media Interface
Connector (MIC) are available from Cabletron Systems in eight-foot
lengths. These adapter/patch cables permit connection to an existing
patch panel equipped with MICs.
2.6
Operating Specifications
Cabletron Systems reserves the right to change these specifications at any
time without notice.
2.6.1
Ring Speed
The operating ring speed for the STH hub may be set via the Ring Speed
Switch on the front face of the STH or by MIB commands from an
intelligent hub.
If the STH hub has had no connection to any intelligent hub since powerup, the Ring Speed switch effects immediate changes in the hub’s ring
speed. Under normal conditions, however (when the STH is being
managed by an intelligent hub), the STH hub’s Ring Speed switch setting
is read only at power-up. In order to change the STH hub’s ring speed via
the Ring Speed switch, the user must change the switch setting and
power-cycle the STH (unplug its power cord and plug it in again).
MIB commands from intelligent hubs override the Ring Speed switch
setting. Once the switch setting has been overridden, the MIB command
ring speed setting will remain in effect at all subsequent power-ups as
long as the switch setting on the STH is not changed. MIB commands are
accessible through the MIB Navigator screen on the intelligent hub’s
Local Management application and through other SNMP network
management software packages including Cabletron Systems’ Remote
LANVIEW® / Windows.
The user may cancel the MIB override and regain switch control over the
STH hub’s ring speed by changing the current switch position and
power-cycling the STH.
Page 2-8
Ring Sequence
Note: When cancelling a MIB override, the user may have to perform
the switch and power-cycle procedure twice (as described in the steps
below) to actually change the STH hub’s ring speed by the switch.
To return to switch control from an MIB overridden Ring Speed setting:
1.
Regain switch control. Change the current switch setting and powercycle the STH. Regardless of the final desired speed, the user must
toggle the switch opposite its current position and then power-cycle
the STH to put a switch-position change into effect, cancelling the
MIB override.
2.
Select the desired ring speed. If the Ring Speed switch setting is not
yet the desired setting (it may be the same as the former setting from
the MIB command), the user must again change the switch setting
and power-cycle the STH to complete the change from the MIBcommanded speed setting to the desired switch-set speed setting,
2.6.2
Ring Sequence
When STH hubs are stacked, they are interconnected via the intelligent
hub to create a larger ring network. The ring sequence for the stations on
the ring (the order in which stations are logically arranged on the ring) is
determined by the physical location of each TCU connection in the stack.
It progresses in ascending stack number and port number order. The
sequence is changed each time a station is inserted or de-inserted from a
ring.
To determine the ring sequence, consider only those ports inserted into
the ring. Begin with the STH numbered lowest in the stack and list (in
ascending numerical order) the number of each inserted port. Repeatedly
move to the next STH and list the inserted ports in numerical order until
all ports inserted into the ring have been listed. The order is continuous,
wrapping directly from the stack’s last inserted port to the first—from the
bottom of the list, right back to the top.
2.6.3
Power Supply Requirements
Note: The STH has a universal power supply which will accept input
power from 90 to 264 VAC, 47-63 Hz.
The power supply has two outputs of +5 volts and +12 volts. The
maximum output power is 20 watts and the minimum efficiency is 65%
Page 2-9
Environmental Requirements
under all conditions of line at full load. The minimum and maximum
load current from each output is shown below.
Table 2-5. Power Supply Loads
2.6.4
Output
Min. Load
Max. Load
Max Power
+5 Volts
0.50 Amps
3.0 Amps
15 Watts
+12 Volts
0.05 Amps
1.0 Amps
12 Watts
Environmental Requirements
Operating Temperature:
+5° to +50° C
Non-operating Temperature:
-30° to +90° C
Operating Humidity:
2.6.5
5 to 95% (non-condensing)
Safety
This equipment is designed in accordance with UL478, UL910, NEC 7252(b), CSA, IEC, TUV, VDE Class A, and meets FCC Part 15, Class A limits.
Warning: It is the responsibility of the person who sells the system to
which the STH will be a part to ensure that the total system meets
allowed limits of conducted and radiated emissions.
2.6.6
Physical
Dimensions:
Predicted MTBF:
(mean time between failure)
Page 2-10
2.8H x 17.0W x 8.0D inches
(7.2 x 43.6 x 20.5 cm)
STH-22/42: 653,987 hours
STH-24/44: 653,972 hours
CHAPTER 3
INSTALLATION
This chapter outlines the procedure for installing the STH and adding it
to a stack. Confirm that the network meets the guidelines and
requirements outlined in Chapter 2, Installation Requirements/
Specifications, before installing the STH.
3.1
Unpacking the STH
Unpack the STH as follows:
1.
Carefully remove the STH from the shipping box. Preserve the
shipping box and packing materials for future use.
2.
Visually inspect the STH. If there are any signs of damage, contact
Cabletron Systems Technical Support immediately.
3.2
Installing the STH
All installations must meet the requirements listed below:
•
A single phase 120Vac, 15A, grounded power receptacle must be
within 7 feet of the STH.
•
Shelving units must be able to support 30 pounds of static weight per
hub in the stack.
•
The temperature for the selected location must be maintained
between 5° and 50°C, and fluctuate less than 10°C per hour.
The following sections provide instructions for stacking the STH.
3.2.1
Rack Mount or Wall Mount Hardware
Provided with the STH is an accessory kit that includes Rack Mount
Brackets for installations into 19 inch racks, Wall Mount Brackets and
Mounting Screws for installations on walls, and a Strain Relief Bracket to
minimize stresses imflicted by cables hanging from the TCU ports.
Page 3-1
Adding the STH to a Stack
3.2.2
Adding the STH to a Stack
STH hubs are star-wired to the intelligent hub. To add STH hubs to a
stack, refer to Figure 3-1 and perform the following steps:
1.
Attach an STH HubSTACK Interconnect cable to the "STACK" port on
the rear panel of an STH.
2.
Attach the other end of the cable to one of the numbered STACK ports
on the back panel of the intelligent hub.
The port’s number determines the relative position of the STH hub in
the network’s ring sequence and is used by the intelligent hub’s
management system to identify the STH to the user.
3.
Repeat steps 1 and 2 to attach up to four STH hubs in the stack.
STH-24
TOKEN RING HUB with LANVIEW®
SN
RESERVED
STH-24
STACK
TOKEN RING HUB with LANVIEW®
SN
RESERVED
STH-24
STACK
TOKEN RING HUB with LANVIEW®
SN
RESERVED
STH-24
STACK
TOKEN RING HUB with LANVIEW®
SN
RESERVED
STACK
MicroMMAC-24T TOKEN RING HUB WITH LANVIEW®
STACK 1
STACK 2
STACK 3
STACK 4
Figure 3-1. Stacking the STH
To disconnect an STH hub from the stack, simply unplug its HubSTACK
Interconnect cable from the intelligent hub.
Page 3-2
Attaching the Strain Relief Bracket
3.2.3
Attaching the Strain Relief Bracket
Attach the strain relief bracket to the front of the STH as follows:
1.
Locate the strain relief bracket and four 8-32 x 3/8" screws from the
STH-ACCY-KIT package.
Warning: Use of longer screws may cause damage to the unit or
electrical shock.
2.
Carefully turn the STH upside down.
3.
Attach the strain relief bracket to the bottom of the STH as shown in
Figure 3-2.
12X
11X
10X
9X
8X
7X
SPEED
16Mb/s
STACK
4M
6X
5X
4X
3X
2X
1X
16M
PWR
24X
23X
22X
21X
20X
19X
18X
17X
16X
15X
14X
13X
STH-24
HubSTACK TOKEN RING HUB with LANVIEW
SUPPORTING 100 OHM UTP CABLE
®
Figure 3-2. Attaching the Strain Relief
3.2.4
Rack-Mounting the STH
Perform these steps to install the STH in a 19-inch rack:
1.
Remove the four cover screws (two from each side) located along the
front edges of each side of the STH.
2.
Using the four cover screws removed in step 1, attach the rack
mounting brackets to each side of the STH as shown in Figure 3-3.
3.
With the mounting brackets installed, position the STH between the
vertical frame members of the 19-inch rack and fasten it securely with
the mounting screws as shown in Figure 3-4.
Page 3-3
Wall-Mounting the STH
Rack Mounting Brackets (2)
®
HubSTACK TOKEN RING HUB with LANVIEW
SUPPORTING 100 OHM UTP CABLE
STH-24
24X
23X
22X
21X
20X
19X
18X
17X
16X
11X
10X
9X
8X
7X
6X
5X
4X
15X
14X
13X
PWR
16Mb/s
STACK
4M
16M
SPEED
12X
3X
2X
1X
Screws (4)
Figure 3-3. Installing the Rack-Mount Brackets
19-Inch Rack
®
HubSTACK TOKEN RING HUB with LANVIEW
SUPPORTING 100 OHM UTP CABLE
STH-24
24X
23X
22X
21X
20X
19X
18X
17X
16X
11X
10X
9X
8X
7X
6X
5X
4X
15X
14X
13X
PWR
16Mb/s
STACK
4M
16M
SPEED
12X
3X
2X
1X
Screws (4)
Figure 3-4. Installing the STH in a Rack
3.2.5
Wall-Mounting the STH
When an STH is installed on a wall, its cable connections must face down
to prevent the sideways stresses of hanging cables from compromising
the connection at the port.
Note: 1/4-inch anchors for wall mounting are not included with the
STH-ACCY-KIT package.
1.
Use the supplied screws to attach the wall mounting brackets to the
bottom of the STH as shown in Figure 3-5. There are two brackets, one
for each side.
Page 3-4
Wall-Mounting the STH
Figure 3-5. Installing the Wall Mounting Brackets
2.
Select the wall location for the STH within 7 feet of a power outlet.
Warning: There is a SHOCK HAZARD whe drilling into walls
containing electrical wiring. Select a wall location where drill bits and
screw anchors will not come in contact with electrical wiring in the wall.
3.
Get a pencil. With the wall mounting brackets attached to the STH,
position the STH against the wall where it will be permanently
mounted with the network port facing down, as shown in Figure 3-6,
and mark the screw holes’ positions on the wall.
4.
Set the STH aside and carefully drill four 1/4" pilot holes, one for each
screw anchor.
5.
Install the screw anchors.
6.
Position the STH on the wall, aligning the screw holes over the
anchors and reinstall the four anchor screws to attach the STH to the
wall. Tighten the four anchor screws.
Page 3-5
Free-Standing Installation
Solid Wall Anchor
Wall Mounting Bracket
attached to STH
Mounting Screws
Pre-Drilled Holes
with Anchors
Hollow Wall Anchor
Figure 3-6. Wall-mounting the STH
3.2.6
Free-Standing Installation
For a free-standing shelf or tabletop installation, install the STH on an
unrestricted free surface area 21 inches wide, 18 inches deep and 6 inches
high, within 7 feet of its power source, as shown in Figure 3-7.
21 IN.
18 IN.
®
HubSTACK TOKEN RING HUB with LANVIEW
SUPPORTING 100 OHM UTP CABLE
STH-24
6 IN.
24X
23X
22X
21X
20X
19X
18X
17X
16X
11X
10X
9X
8X
7X
6X
5X
4X
15X
14X
13X
PWR
16Mb/s
STACK
4M
16M
SPEED
12X
3X
2X
1X
7 FT.
Figure 3-7. Shelf or Table-top Installation
Page 3-6
Connecting the STH to the Power Source
3.2.7
Connecting the STH to the Power Source
Note: The STH has a universal power supply which will accept power
sources from 90 Vac to 264 Vac, 47-63 Hz.
To connect the STH to the power source:
1.
Plug the power cord into the back panel of the STH.
2.
Plug the other end of the power cord into a grounded wall outlet.
3.
Verify that the PWR LED is on, this indicates that the STH is receiving
power.
3.2.8
Attaching Network Cabling to TCU Ports
Twisted pair segments are connected to the RJ45 TCU Ports on the front
panel of the STH. To connect twisted pair segments to the STH:
1.
Insert the RJ45 connector from each twisted pair segment into the
desired network port on the STH. See Figure 3-8.
13X
16X
14X
17X
15X
18X
1X
4X
2X
5X
3X
6X
Figure 3-8. TCU Port Connections
2.
Confirm that the port’s corresponding LNK LED is on. If the LED is
not on, perform each of the following steps:
a.
Check that the Token Ring device at the other end of the twisted
pair segment is powered up.
b. Verify that the RJ45 connector on the twisted pair segment has the
proper pinouts. Check the cable for continuity.
Page 3-7
Finishing the Installation
c.
Check that the twisted pair connection meets dB loss and cable
specifications outlined Chapter 2.
If a link still has not been established, contact Cabletron Systems
Technical Support.
3.3
Finishing the Installation
The STH is now ready for operation. Before placing the network into
service, test the installation thoroughly, making sure that all stations are
addressable and that the STH and all stations are indicating normal
operation. Confirm that all networking software is configured properly to
match the installed network. If abnormal operation conditions emerge,
proceed to Chapter 4, TROUBLESHOOTING.
Page 3-8
CHAPTER 4
TROUBLESHOOTING
This chapter contains instructions for using LANVIEW LEDs to
troubleshoot physical layer network problems.
4.1
LANVIEW LED Signals
The STH incorporates the Cabletron Systems LANVIEW Status
Monitoring and Diagnostics System. LANVIEW LEDs can help diagnose
problems such as a power failure or a cable fault. The STH includes the
following LANVIEW LEDs:
Table 4-1. LED Signals
LED
Color
Condition
Green
Power on.
off
Power off.
Yellow
Ring Speed set to 16 Mbps.
off
Ring Speed set to 4 Mbps.
Green
Connection with intelligent hub intact.
Red
Bypassed or disconnected from intelligent hub.
off
Port enabled but not linked.
Green
Port enabled and linked.
Red
Port disabled (or set to Ring Out) and not linked.
Blinking
Red
Ring Speed Fault -OR- Port linked but disabled.
PWR
16 Mb
STACK
Ports
4.2
Trouble Resolution
If this section does not guide the user to a solution, please contact
Cabletron Systems Technical Support (see Section 1.4, Getting Help.)
Page 4-1
Trouble Resolution
Loss Of Power
If the STH is having power problems, check the power delivery system
(power cable, power outlet, circuit breaker, fuse).
Loss of Contact with Intelligent Hub
If the STACK LED is indicating disconnection from the intelligent hub, it
may be that the intelligent hub has placed the STH in bypass to protect
itself from beaconing conditions or a mismatched ring speed on the STH.
Check the STH for beaconing conditions and make sure that the STH is
operating at the same rings speed as the intelligent hub.
It may be that the STH is physically disconnected from the intelligent hub
by a disconnected or faulty cable. Check the hardware.
Failure to Link on Enabled Port
Check that the Token Ring devices at either end of the cable are poweredup.
Verify that the network cable’s connectors have the proper pinouts. Refer
to Section 2.5, TCU Specifications.
Check the cable for continuity. A variety of tools are available for this test,
depending on the media you are using.
Check that the cables specifications for dB loss described in Chapter 2.
Ring Speed Fault
The network device being linked at this port is operating at a ring speed
different from the STH’s currently set ring speed. Set the two devices to
the same speed.
Page 4-2