ZyXEL Communications ZyXEL Prestige 100WH User manual

Overview Main Menu
[
MAIN MENU
]
Total PV-Plant
[ TOTAL PLANT ]
ˆ Pac…
E-today…
E-total…
DATA STORAGE
Energy Values…
Measuring Data…
Detected…
Registerd…
Online…
[01:REALT: DATA]
Realtime Data
[ SPOT VALUES
]
[ Pac/W Status ]
SC………6K operat
ˆ 01…1236 MPP
02……611 MPP
::::::::::::::::
Daily Yield
[ DAILY YIELD ]
SC…SunBC-25
ˆ 01…WR25-033
::::::::::::::::
ˆ Data Time…
…14:11.00
Vpv…
………236.00V
Pac…
…1236.00W
::::::::::::::::
[ 01:YIELD KWH ]
ˆ 02/01/2004…4.42
01/31/2004…4.21
01/30/2004…3.70
[ 01:DAS DATA]
[ Pac
]
02/01/2004
01/31/2004
01/30/2004
::::::::::::::::
ˆ
DAS Data
[
DAS DATA
]
SC…SunBC-25
ˆ 01…WR25-003
::::::::::::::::
[ 01:DAS DATA ]
ˆ Vpv
Pac
E-total
::::::::::::::::
[
REPORT
]
01………………………OK
ˆ 02…………WARNING
::::::::::::::::
[
Diagnostics
[ DIAGNOSTICS ]
ˆ
Report
Events
Communication
System
EVENTS
01…WR25-033
ˆ 02…WR25-033
::::::::::::::::
]
ˆ Firmware…
…4.00 Version
Kernel…………
……1.07 Version
Setup
Pull the cover out for an
overview of Setup Menu
]
ˆ Communic.……OK
Access……………OK
Yield………………OK
State………………OK
Isolation……OK
[
[ COMMUNICATION ]
SYSTEM
02:REPORT
ˆ 14:30.00…
………811.00W
14:15.00…
…1124.00W
::::::::::::::::
]
Status
ˆ Warnings
Failures
[
[
[ 01:DAS DATA ]
[ Pac
]
[ 01/31/2004
]
WARNINGS
]
ˆ 02/01/04 14:05…
…Communication
::::::::::::::::
[02:COMMUNICAT.]
ˆ OK…………………………60%
Packets……………411
Errors………………165
Level……………983mV
[
WARNINGS
]
[ 02: WR25-003 ]
Communication…
…OK-Spot20 68%
Overview Menu Setup I
[
ˆ
SETUP
Password
]
[
PASSWORD
]
¿........
[
TIMING
]
„Cmd. Timeout…
„Cmd. Retries…
„Data Buffer…
„Parameter…
System
[
SYSTEM
]
ˆ Language
Date/Time
Timing
Online-Info
Tolerances
--------------Stromsparmodus…
Gatewaymode…
Memory Function
Service Funct.…
User password…
Inst password…
[ ONLINE-INFO ]
ˆ Channel Cnt.…
---------------„Chan. Select
[
TOLERANCES
]
ˆWarning Time…
…………………………15min
Warning Rate…
…………………………100%
Offline…
…………………………30min
Energy…
…………………………50%
Communication
…………………………50%
RIso Failure…
………………………500kOhm
[ COMMUNICATION ]
Interfaces
[
INTERFACES
]
ˆ„ Communication
„ Ext. Display
„ Relais Out
ˆ„ COM1:Sunny Boy
„ COM2:PC
„ COM3:AUX
[ EXT. DISPLAY ]
ˆ„Interface…
Type…
---------------„configure
[
RELAIS OUT
]
ˆ„Alarm Relay
„Switch Relay
„SC…SunBC-13
ˆ„01…WR25-003
::::::::::::::::
[
PV-PLANT
]
ˆ„Registration
„Detection
„Parameter
---------------E-Offset…
[
DETECTION
ˆMedium…
Baudrate…
Protocol…
[ ALARM RELAY ]
ˆWarnings…
Error…
---------------Speaker…
Flashing LCD…
---------------Default Switch…
[ SWITCH RELAY ]
[ REGISTRATION ]
PV-Plant
[COM1:SUNNY BOY]
ˆPower-switch…
Pon…
Poff…
Tolerance…
Minimum Time…
---------------Time-switch…
On-time…
Off-time…
---------------Default Switch…
[
WR25-033
]
ˆSNo… 0824300123
ID……………………………01
Adr………00/00/003
]
searching for
new devices
[
PARAMETER
]
ˆ„01…WR25-033
„02…WR20-005
::::::::::::::::
[01: PARAMETER]
ˆVpv-Start…
Vpv-Stop…
T-Start…
::::::::::::::::
Overview Menu Setup II
[
ˆ
SETUP
]
DAS Config
[
DAS CONFIG
]
ˆDAS Enable…
Meas. Interval…
Max. Storage…
---------------„Chan. Select.
[
Modem/Fax
[
MODEM/FAX
]
ˆ„ Modem
„ Remote-Info
MODEM
]
ˆInterface…
Device…
Init-String…
Dialmode…
--------------„Modem-Test
[ REMOTE-INFO ]
ˆFAX-Info…
…deactivated
--------------„Events
„Recipient
„Sender
„Test-Report
[
EVENTS
]
ˆPlant-Info
…daily report
Warnings…
…daily report
Errors…
…hourly report
--------------Send at
ˆ…18:00
[
RECIPIENT
]
ˆCompany/Name…
…FIRMA XYZ-SOLA
HERRN MUSTERMA
---------------Phone Number…
………………………
[
SENDER
]
Plant Name…
ˆ…MEINE ANLAGE
……………………
Plant PhoneNo…
…+49 123 123456
See Technical Description
NET/eMail
Plus I/O
NET Piggy-Back NETPB-13:EE
[
PLUS I/O
]
ˆ„Analog In
„Digital In
„Digital Out
„Variable
„Monitoring
--------------Plus-Function…
…---
Plus: Function, Name, Unit, Gain, Offset
Plus: Function, Name …
Plus: Function, Name, LowText, HighText
Plus:
additional functions of Control Plus
E-Total…
…1456.32kWh
channel name
Text …
remark, tip
::::::::::::
further lines below
not all values are displayed at this overview
Sunny Boy Control
Enhanced Data Logger for
Sunny Boys Equipped with
Sunny Boy Control or
Sunny Boy Control Plus
User Manual
Edition 4.2
SUNBC-14:NE0206
SMA Technologie AG
Sunny Boy Control
History of Manual Revisions
Manual
number
SUNBC
1
Edition
and type of
changes1
Comments
Author
-12:NE1799
-12:SE1799
2.0
A
Base manuals
J. Lengemann
L. K. Müller
-12:NE2000
2.1
A
With firmware version 3.00 and later:
User manual and installation manual were
combined since menu structures for users and
installers have become the same.
J. Lengemann
L. K. Müller
-12:NE3400
2.2
C
With firmware version 3.04 and later:
New chapter “Menu Functions for Diagnosis”,
new display type “ASCII text”
L. K. Müller
-14:NE0304
4.0
C
With firmware version 4.0 and later:
Complete revision;
manual edition number was increased to match
firmware version number.
G. Salisbury
-14:NE2104
4.01
A
Page 10: Exchange of battery not permitted
G. Salisbury
-14:NE4504
4.1
A
Adjustment for firmware higher than 4.06
new chapter „Activation of external display with
‚ASCII-text’“, translation of SDC parameters,
minor changes, new style
D. Welzel
-14:NE0305
4.11
A
Change of specification of the input voltage for
UL devices
D. Welzel
-14:NE4205
4.12
A
Wrong name of LiYCY cable
Y. Siebert
-14:NE0206
4.4
A
Change of table 7.7 and picture 7.14
B. Quanz
A: Correction of errors in or improvement of manual
B: Changes resulting from added firmware features
C: Changes resulting from removed firmware features
User Manual
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SMA Technologie AG
Sunny Boy Control
Explanation of Symbols Used in this Manual
For efficient use of this manual and to ensure safe operation of the device during installation, operation and maintenance procedures, note the following symbols and
their descriptions.
This symbol indicates information that is required for the optimal operation
of the product. Read these sections carefully in order to ensure an optimal
operation of the product and all its features.
This symbol indicates information that is essential for a trouble-free and
safe operation of the product. Please read these sections carefully in order
to avoid any damages of the equipment and for optimal personal protection.
This symbol indicates an example.
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Sunny Boy Control
Contents
1
2
3
Introduction .............................................................................................. 8
1.1
Operation Requirements ..................................................................... 9
1.2
Notes on Sunny Boy Control Operation ............................................. 10
1.3
Safety Precautions ........................................................................... 10
1.4
Notes on Operating the Sunny Boy Control........................................ 11
Configuring the Sunny Boy Control ........................................................... 14
2.1
Switching on the Sunny Boy Control .................................................. 14
2.2
Plug&Play Setup .............................................................................. 15
2.2.1
Selecting the Display Language .................................................... 15
2.2.2
Setting the Date and Time............................................................. 16
2.2.3
Detecting Connected Devices ....................................................... 16
Making Connections................................................................................ 19
3.1
Connection to the PV System............................................................. 21
3.2
Connection to a PC.......................................................................... 27
3.2.1
RS232 Connection to a PC........................................................... 28
3.2.2
RS485 Connection Between a PC and a Sunny Boy Control ............ 31
3.2.3
Connection Between a PC and Several Sunny Boy Controls............. 34
3.3
Modem Connection ......................................................................... 36
3.4
Connecting an External Display......................................................... 38
3.4.1
3.5
“Relay Out” Connection ................................................................... 40
3.5.1
User Manual
Activation of External Displays with „ASCII text“ ............................. 39
Alarm Contact............................................................................. 41
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Sunny Boy Control
3.5.2
4
5
6
Switching Contact........................................................................ 43
Menu Functions for Data Display .............................................................. 45
4.1
Startup Screen................................................................................. 45
4.2
Online Info ..................................................................................... 47
4.3
Main Menu..................................................................................... 48
4.3.1
“Total Plant” function.................................................................... 49
4.3.2
“Realtime Data” Function.............................................................. 50
4.3.3
“Daily Yield” Function .................................................................. 51
4.3.4
Data Archiving and Measuring Channels ....................................... 52
“Diagnostics” Function ............................................................................. 54
5.1
Report ............................................................................................ 54
5.2
Events............................................................................................. 58
5.3
Communication Function................................................................... 61
5.4
System............................................................................................ 62
Menu Functions for Configuration ............................................................. 63
6.1
Password ........................................................................................ 64
6.2
System............................................................................................ 65
6.2.1
User and Installer Passwords......................................................... 66
6.2.2
Timing ........................................................................................ 67
6.2.3
Online Info ................................................................................. 67
6.2.4
Tolerances .................................................................................. 69
6.3
Interfaces........................................................................................ 71
6.3.1
Communication ........................................................................... 71
6.3.2
External Display .......................................................................... 72
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6.3.3
6.4
PV-Plant .......................................................................................... 77
6.4.1
Registration................................................................................. 77
6.4.2
Detection .................................................................................... 80
6.4.3
Parameter ................................................................................... 82
6.4.4
Adding a New Device ................................................................. 83
6.4.5
Removing a Device...................................................................... 83
6.5
Data Archive (DAS Config)............................................................... 84
6.6
Modem/Fax ................................................................................... 86
6.6.1
Modem ...................................................................................... 86
6.6.2
Remote Info ................................................................................ 88
6.7
7
Relais Out................................................................................... 73
NET/E-mail ..................................................................................... 93
Sunny Boy Control Plus ............................................................................ 94
7.1
Serial Connector “AUX (COM3)”...................................................... 96
7.2
“ANALOG IN” Connector................................................................ 98
7.2.1
Analog Input Channels AIN-1–AIN-6 ............................................ 99
7.2.2
Temperature Sensing (AIN-7 & AIN-8)......................................... 103
7.3
“DIGITAL IN/OUT” Connector ....................................................... 105
7.3.1
24 V Power Supply.................................................................... 106
7.3.2
Digital Input Channels (DIN-1–DIN-8) ......................................... 107
7.3.3
Digital Output Channels (DOUT-1–DOUT-8) ................................ 111
7.4
Variables (VAR-1–VAR-16) ............................................................. 112
7.5
Monitoring (+MonStart & +Mon1–+Mon8)...................................... 116
7.5.1
User Manual
Defining the Starting Condition (MON-Start)................................. 116
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Sunny Boy Control
7.5.2
7.6
Monitoring Channels (MON-1 – MON-8) ................................... 118
“Profile 2” Application ................................................................... 121
8
Data Display and Configuration from a PC .............................................. 125
9
Failures ................................................................................................ 131
9.1
Messages and Their Causes ........................................................... 131
9.2
Troubleshooting Powerline Communication ....................................... 135
10
9.2.1
Transmission Failures.................................................................. 136
9.2.2
Noise suppression ..................................................................... 141
9.2.3
Communication ......................................................................... 144
Technical Data and Settings ................................................................... 145
10.1
Technical Data .............................................................................. 145
10.2
Storage Capacity .......................................................................... 149
10.3
Default Parameter Settings .............................................................. 151
10.4
AT Commands............................................................................... 155
11
Appendix ............................................................................................. 157
11.1
Accessories (optional) .................................................................... 157
11.2
Warranty & Liability....................................................................... 159
11.3
Suppliers ...................................................................................... 161
11.4
Contact Information ....................................................................... 163
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Sunny Boy Control
1 Introduction
Thank you very much for purchasing a Sunny Boy Control. The Sunny Boy Control
collects detailed data from your PV system, enabling you to monitor system operation
and performance any time.
The chapters of this manual are organized in a logical sequence, which closely follows the order of all processes and operations. After guiding you through the installation of the device, the manual provides detailed explanations on the various menu
items, allowing you quick access to the most useful functions. Chapter 6 explains specific tasks, such as settings that need to be made only once by the installer.
The following is a list of the chapters in this manual.
Introduction
chapter 1
Configuring the Sunny Boy Control
chapter 2
Making Connections
chapter 3
Menu Functions for Data Display
chapter 4
“Diagnostics” Function
chapter 5
Menu Functions for Configuration
chapter 6
Sunny Boy Control Plus
chapter 7
Data Display and Configuration from a PC
chapter 8
Failures
chapter 9
Technical Data and Settings
chapter 10
Appendix
chapter 11
Using the PC program Sunny Data Control, the firmware of the Sunny Boy Control
can be updated easily without opening the device. The latest version of the firmware
and other useful information can be found on our website: www.SMA.de.
ATTENTION!
When updating the firmware of a Sunny Boy Control from
version 3.xx to version 4.xx, as well when downgrading
from version 4.xx to version 3.xx, all settings and data of
the device will be deleted. Save all data before starting the
update.
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Sunny Boy Control
For further information on photovoltaic system technology from SMA, please send an
e-mail to hotline@SMA.de or visit our website www.SMA.de.
The Sunny Boy Control will provide you with continuous data, making sure your PV
system runs efficiently.
1.1 Operation Requirements
You will need the following to operate the Sunny Boy Control.
•
An electric socket
•
A power supply with a frequency of 50/60 Hz and a voltage of
•
−
110 … 120 V (for UL devices) or rather
−
110 … 240 V (for all versions other than UL)
For Powerline communication: a Powerline modem for each Sunny Boy
It is not normally possible to operate Powerline communication with a
Sunny Boy Control at the same time as other devices that also use the
power lines for data transmission but do not comply with the standardized transmission protocol, such as baby monitors. In this case, data
transmission using a separate RS485 cable is required.
The following safety measures must be taken to operate the Sunny Boy
Control.
1. The power outlet must be grounded.
2. The power plug has to be accessible at all times.
3. The operating environment of the device must be dry and dustfree.
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Sunny Boy Control
1.2 Notes on Sunny Boy Control Operation
Since the Sunny Boy Control has no power switch, simply pull the power plug to
switch it off.
At night, after the Sunny Boy Control has not been able to reach any connected device for 15 minutes, it goes into power-save mode. The Sunny Boy Control then
wakes up every 15 minutes to check whether it can reach a connected device. If it
can’t, it returns to power-save mode; if it can, it resumes normal operation. You can
interrupt power-save mode anytime by pressing any key. After no key has been
pressed for 15 minutes, the Sunny Boy Control returns to power-save mode.
1.3 Safety Precautions
The Sunny Boy Control may only be opened by qualified personnel after
it has been unplugged.
Repairs to the Sunny Boy Control may only be performed by the manufacturer.
CAUTION: Risk of fire if battery (part of the Real Time Clock) is replaced by an incorrect type. Dispose of used Real Time Clock according
to the instructions.
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Sunny Boy Control
1.4 Notes on Operating the Sunny Boy Control
The Sunny Boy Control is operated using 4 keys located below the display.
Selection arrow
! Normal: marks the
active line
! Filled: marks a
selected line
! Blinking: waiting for
confirmation
[ MAIN MENU ]
ˆ„Total PV-Plant
„Realtime Data
„Daily Yield Š
Control
[ MAIN MENU ]
ˆ„Total PV-Plant
„Realtime Data
„Daily Yield Š
Control
More lines follow
! Cancel / end operation
! Answer with “No”
! Line up
! Increase value
! Line down
! Decrease value
!
!
!
!
Select entry
Switch to “edit” mode
Confirm changes
Answer with “yes”
Fig. 1.1: Operation panel of the Sunny Boy Control
Scroll Arrows
When the information displayed consists of more than four lines, a scroll arrow appears in the lower-right corner of the display, indicating that further lines are available above or below.
Symbol
‰
Š
‹
Explanation
There are more display lines above.
There are more display lines below.
There are more display lines above and below.
Table 1.1: Scroll arrows and their explanations
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Sunny Boy Control
Keys
The Sunny Boy Control has only four keys, each with several functions. The various
functions assigned to a key are similar, so they are easy to remember and can be
used intuitively.
Key
Function
[ESC]
- Cancels the current function.
- Answers the question with “NO”.
[↑]
- Moves up to the previous line.
- Increases the current value.
[↓]
- Moves down to the next line.
- Decreases the current value.
[ENTER]
[↑]+[↓]
-
Selects the current menu item.
Changes to edit mode.
Confirms the change.
Answers the question with “YES”.
- Returns to online info.
Table 1.2: Keys and their functions
Adjusting the Display Contrast
Using the following key combinations, you can adjust the display contrast at any
time.
Key
Function
[ESC] + [ ↑ ]
- Increases contrast.
[ESC] + [ ↓ ]
- Decreases contrast.
Table 1.3: Key combinations for adjusting display contrast
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Sunny Boy Control
Display Symbols
The following symbols may appear on the display.
Symbol
Explanation
‡Pac…
Indicates the current line. Press [ ↑ ] or [ ↓ ] to
move to another line.
english
…11:20
Indicates the current menu item or parameter.
Press [ENTER] to select it.
Indicates the current setting.
Press [ENTER] to confirm it.
Press [ESC] to cancel it.
[
MENU
]
„Submenu
+495619522„
Indicates the current menu. Press [ESC] to leave
it.
On the left side: Indicates a submenu.
On the right side: Indicates that the line continues.
Pac…
Indicates that the values appear on the next
line.
……1234W
Indicates a continuation of the previous line.
Table 1.4: Display symbols and their explanations
Press [ ↑ ] or [ ↓ ] to scroll through menus and screens. Submenus are indicated by
the symbol “„” and can be selected by pressing [ENTER]. The symbol “„” appears
at the right side of lines exceeding 16 characters to indicate that not all characters
can be displayed. Enter edit mode to view these characters.
Edit Mode
The edit mode allows you to make settings or change parameters. Editable parameters are marked with the symbol “ ”. To enter edit mode, press [ENTER].
After you have entered edit mode, the parameter starts blinking. To change its value,
press [ ↑ ] or [ ↓ ]. To confirm the change, press [ENTER]; to cancel it, press [ESC].
After a parameter has been changed in the edit mode, the selection arrow blinks until
the change is again confirmed by pressing [ENTER] or cancelled by pressing [ESC].
If no key is pressed for 60 seconds, the new setting will be automatically cancelled.
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Sunny Boy Control
2 Configuring the Sunny Boy Control
With its Plug&Play Setup, the Sunny Boy Control is easy to configure. No tools are
needed. Operation is intuitive and self-explanatory.
Follow the steps in this chapter to configure the Sunny Boy Control. This needs to be
done only once. After you have performed the “hardware installation” described in
chapter 2.1, the following sections will guide you through the various configuration
screens. Most of them can be left simply by pressing [ESC].
The Sunny Boy Control needs to be configured only once. After configuring or
restarting the Sunny Boy Control, the configuration screens and settings can be
accessed anytime in the main menu or in the selection menu “Setup” (see chapter 6).
2.1 Switching on the Sunny Boy Control
Installing the Sunny Boy Control is as easy as connecting a household appliance.
Simply insert the power plug into an electrical outlet. During initialization, “SMA”
appears on the display, the Sunny Boy Control produces a sound, and the display
contrast adjusts itself, darkening the display for a short while.
SMA SMA SMA SMA
SMA SMA SMA SMA
SMA SMA SMA SMA
SMA SMA SMA SMA
Fig. 2.1: Initialization screen of the Sunny Boy Control
The initialization process takes only about 15 seconds, after which the Sunny Boy
Control displays its serial number and firmware version number for 30 seconds. Press
any key to start the configuration procedure.
[
SUNNY BOY ]
[
CONTROL
]
SerNo……xxxxxxxxx
Software………V4.xx
Fig. 2.2: Startup screen of the Sunny Boy Control
If your Sunny Boy Control displays a different message, refer to “Error messages“
under “Troubleshooting“.
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Sunny Boy Control
2.2 Plug&Play Setup
During configuration, the Sunny Boy Control automatically starts the Plug&Play Setup,
displaying the following screen.
[
[
SUNNY BOY
CONTROL
Plug&Play
Setup
]
]
Fig. 2.3: Startup screen of the Plug&Play Setup
Set, then confirm the configuration parameters (language, date/time, and device registration) in the order of their appearance. To return to the startup screen and restart
the configuration during the Plug&Play Setup, press the key combination [ ↑ ] + [ ↓ ]
anytime.
2.2.1 Selecting the Display Language
The Sunny Boy Control supports several display languages.
[
LANGUAGE
deutsch
english
francais
]
Fig. 2.4: Language options
Press [ ↑ ] or [ ↓ ] to choose your language from the list on the display, and then
press [ENTER] to confirm your selection.
At this point, the selection arrow in front of the selected language blinks. Press
[ENTER] again to confirm the selection or [ESC] to cancel it. To exit the menu, press
[ESC].
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2.2.2 Setting the Date and Time
[
DATE/TIME
mm/dd/yyyy
hh:mm
]
Fig. 2.5: Date and time screen
In this screen, you can set the clock and calendar of the Sunny Boy Control. Press
[ ↑ ] or [ ↓ ] to select either the date field or the time field, and then press [ENTER].
For each digit in the date and time fields, press [ ↑ ] or [ ↓ ] to change the value.
Press [ENTER] to move to the next digit. After all digits have been set, the selection
arrow in front of the adjusted field will blink. Press [ENTER] again to confirm the setting or [ESC] to cancel it. To exit the menu, press [ESC].
2.2.3 Detecting Connected Devices
Notes on Powerline Communication
Sunny Boy
Control
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
SWR
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
string
Störung
Failure
inverterlrichter
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
Betrieb
Operation
string
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
inverterlrichter
PAC
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
Störung
Failure
1273
W
Powerline
Fig. 2.6: Powerline communication between devices
The main purpose of electric wiring in a building is to supply power to various appliances. Such installations are not optimized for the transmission of high-frequency
(100 kHz range) signals. To obtain interference-free communication in this frequency
range, the transmission line between the Sunny Boy Control and the other devices
must be carefully selected.
The transmission line should meet the following conditions.
•
Use only one phase
•
Be as short as possible
Make sure that all devices to be monitored by the Sunny Boy Control are connected
to the same phase, preferably even to the same line. In other words, make sure that
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Sunny Boy Control
the socket used for the Sunny Boy Control is not only on the same line (or at least on
the same phase) as the other devices. It should also be as close to them as possible.
In case the Sunny Boy Control and the other devices must be connected to different
phases, it may be necessary to install a phase coupler. Phase couplers are available
from SMA and must be installed on site by a qualified technician.
Further information on optimizing the installation is available in section 9.2.2.
If there are other Powerline communication users in your neighborhood, keep a close
eye on the device detection process to make sure that the Sunny Boy Control detects
only devices that are yours. Otherwise, the Sunny Boy Control can be left to run the
device detection automatically. In that case, all detected devices will be automatically confirmed and registered after 60 seconds. After the device detection is completed, press [ESC] to exit (Fig. 2.7 ), then [ENTER] to confirm (Fig. 2.8).
Automatic Device Detection
The Sunny Boy Control automatically detects all the devices it can access.
[
DETECTION
]
searching for
new devices
Fig. 2.7: Sunny Boy Control searching for new devices
Depending on the number of devices to be detected, this process may take several
minutes. An hourglass appears in the lower-right corner of the display, showing that
the program is active. The serial number of any detected device will be displayed on
the bottom line.
After the detection process is completed, each device found by the Sunny Boy Control is displayed as follows in sequence.
New device
Type xxxxxxxx
SNo xxxxxxxxx
accept?
Fig. 2.8: New device found by Sunny Boy Control
At this point, compare the serial numbers of the devices found by the Sunny Boy Control with the serial numbers of your devices. Press [ENTER] to register a device in the
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Sunny Boy Control
list or [ESC] to remove a device that you do not want to register. Note that the device
will be registered automatically after no key is pressed for 60 seconds.
Once the total number of registered devices is displayed, check that the Sunny Boy
Control has found all installed devices. Otherwise, press [ENTER] to search again.
[ DETECTION
]
new: xx devices
tot: xx devices
search again?
Fig. 2.9: Search result
If the Sunny Boy Control has not found all devices in one search, press [ENTER] to
run another search.
If no key is pressed for 60 seconds, the Sunny Boy Control will automatically start a
new search.
If several searches remain unsuccessful, check whether the devices to be detected are
correctly installed. If the Sunny Boy Control still repeatedly fails to detect a device,
refer to “Transmission Failures” in section 9.2.1.
Press [ESC] to complete the device detection process.
Eventually, you will be prompted to confirm the configuration. (During configuration,
the new and total numbers of devices are identical.)
[ DETECTION
Do you want
to save
the changes?
]
Fig. 2.10: Confirming the configuration
If you do not accept the result, press [ESC].
To confirm the result, press [ENTER]. The Sunny Boy Control begins operating.
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Sunny Boy Control
3 Making Connections
This chapter describes all of the connection possibilities offered by the Sunny Boy
Control.
Fig. 3.1: Connectors of the Sunny Boy Control
This chapter describes all the standard connection possibilities you have with the
Sunny Boy Control. The additional interfaces of the Sunny Boy Control Plus are described in chapter 7.
Fig. 3.2: Connectors of the Sunny Boy Control Plus
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Sunny Boy Control
The "NET" socket you can see on the underside is without any function unless the
Sunny Boy Control was equipped with a NET Piggy-Back according to your order.
NET Piggy-Backs are available in the following versions:
•
Analog Modem
•
ISDN
•
Ethernet
•
GSM (mobile)
The function of the NET socket is described in a separate document which is included
in the delivery in case installed.
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Sunny Boy Control
3.1 Connection to the PV System
The jumpers of the Sunny Boy Control are set at the factory to match a particular interface.
Powerline Communication
Sunny Boy
Control
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
SWR
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
Betrieb
Operation
string
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
inverterlrichter
PAC
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
Störung
Failure
1273
W
Powerline
Fig. 3.3: Powerline communication
For Powerline communication with the inverters, the jumpers must be set as shown
below, and no interface module (RS232 or RS485 Piggy-Back) may be installed.1
Jumper Settings for Powerline Communication on the COM1 Port
No
Piggy-Back
Jumper mounted:
Jumper not
mounted:
1
Jumper settings
for activating
onboard powerline
On older models of the Sunny Boy Control Plus, these jumpers cannot be reset because the circuit
board, which cannot be removed, prevents access to them.
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Sunny Boy Control
RS485 Connection Between Sunny Boys and Sunny Boy Control
Sunny Boy
Control
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
SWR
Betrieb
Operation
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
string
Störung
Failure
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
inverterlrichter
PAC
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
Störung
Failure
1273
W
RS485
Fig. 3.4: Sunny Boys connected via RS485
Pin Assignment
The signals shown in the table below are available only when the optional RS485
Piggy-Back has been installed. The standard Sunny Boy Control does not support the
“SUNNY BOY (COM1)” interface. Instead, it uses Powerline communication to
communicate with the Sunny Boy inverters.
Fig. 3.5: “SUNNY BOY (COM1)” connector
120 Ω termination
Pin
RS485 signal
1
PE
2
Data +
3
Data +
4
-
5
GND
6
+5V
7
Termination -> Data +
8
Data -
9
Data -
680 Ω
680 Ω
Pull-up /
pull-down
resistors
Table 3.1: Pin assignment of “SUNNY BOY (COM1)” interface
on RS485 Piggy-Back
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Sunny Boy Control
Recommended RS485 Cable
For an RS485 connection, we recommend to use a so-called “LiYCY” cable, shown
below.
Flexible PVC
isolation
1
Twisted pair 1 (2 x 0.25 mm)
2
3
4
Twisted pair 2 (2 x 0.25 mm)
Shielding
Fig. 3.6: Recommended cable for RS485 communication
Jumper Settings for RS485 Communication on the COM1 Port1
Insert RS485
Piggy-Back here
A
B
C
Jumper mounted:
Jumper not
mounted:
1
Jumper settings
for deactivating
onboard powerline
D
E
F
G
On older models of the Sunny Boy Control Plus, these jumpers cannot be modified because the
upper circuit board, which cannot be removed, prevents access to them.
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Sunny Boy Control
Jumper A:
Termination of the RS485 cable. The data cable must
be terminated on both ends. If the Sunny Boy Control is
at the beginning or end of the cable, the cable must be
terminated by either setting jumper A or bridging pins 7
and 9 of the connector. The required resistance is
120 Ω. Basically, jumper A is a bridge between pins 7
and 9 of the connector. The default setting is “not terminated”.
Jumpers B and C:
Pull-up/pull-down resistances for the RS485 signal. The
RS485 pull-up/pull-down resistances are achieved by
either setting jumpers B and C on the Sunny Boy Control or using a cable plug with integrated resistors. The
required resistances are 680 Ω. The default setting is
“pull-up/pull-down activated”. Only one device on the
RS485 bus needs to provide the pull-up/pull-down resistances.
Jumpers D, E, F, and G: Defining the type of communication. Only jumper E is
set for RS485 communication.
Establishing an RS485 connection with a Sunny Boy inverter
Use only a 2 x 2 x 0.25 mm2 LiYCY cable for the RS485 connection.
To enable RS485 communication between the Sunny Boy and the Sunny Boy Control, all devices must be equipped with an RS485 Piggy-Back. All devices can be ordered with this option already installed, or they can easily be retrofitted using optional extension kits.
The maximum cable length for an RS485 connection is 1,200 m /
4,000 ft.
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Sunny Boy Control
Fig. 3.7: RS485 connection between one Sunny Boy and a Sunny Boy Control
Establishing RS485 connections with several Sunny Boy inverters
The first and the last device on the RS485 bus must be terminated. This
can be achieved by setting jumpers on the device, bridging pins 7 and 9
of the connector, or using a plug with a resistor.
One device on the RS485 bus must have pull-up/pull-down resistances.
The Sunny Boy Control normally comes with internal jumpers set for this
purpose at the factory; in that case, no further steps need to be taken.
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Sunny Boy Control
Fig. 3.8: RS485 connections between Sunny Boys and a Sunny Boy Control
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Sunny Boy Control
3.2 Connection to a PC
Fig. 3.9: “PC (COM2)” connector
The Sunny Boy Control is equipped with a “PC (COM2)” connector of the DB9 type.
This allows for an RS232 or RS485 connection to a PC.
"PC (COM2)" Pin Assignment
120 Ω termination
Pin
RS485 signal
1
PE
2
Data +
3
Data +
4
-
5
GND
6
+5V
7
Termination -> Data +
8
Data -
9
Data -
680 Ω
680 Ω
Pull-up /
pull-down
resistors
Table 3.2: “PC (COM2)” pin assignment for RS485 connection
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Sunny Boy Control
3.2.1 RS232 Connection to a PC
PC
Sunny Boy
Control
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
SWR
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
PAC
1273
W
RS232
Powerline
Fig. 3.10: RS232 connection to a PC
Connecting a PC to the Sunny Boy Control requires a so-called null modem cable
(SMA order no. 36-5001).
The PC-to-Sunny Boy Control connection must be made using the null
modem cable included with the Sunny Boy Control. This connection cannot be made using a regular one-to-one cable.
If your PC’s DB9 connector (COM1) is already taken, such as by a serial PC mouse,
or if it has only a DB25 connector, you will also need a DB25-DB9 adapter (SMA
order no. 36-5010).
Alternatively, you can prepare your own cables according to the following tables
and diagrams.
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Sunny Boy Control
Pin assignment of a DB9-DB9 cable for a PC-to-Sunny Boy Control
connection
DB9 plug
DB9 plug
Signal
Pin
Pin
Signal
/RXD
2
3
/TXD
/TXD
3
2
/RXD
GND
5
5
GND
1
DCD
6
DSR
8
CTS
7
RTS
RTS
7
DCD
1
DSR
6
CTS
8
Table 3.3: Pin assignment of a DB9-DB9 cable for PC connection
: These pins are connected together.
Pins 1, 6, and 8 on both ends are bridged.
DB9 socket
DB9 socket
PIN
PIN
1
2
1
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
Fig. 3.11: Diagram of DB9-DB9 cable for PC connection
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Sunny Boy Control
Pin assignment of a DB9-DB25 cable for a PC-to-Sunny Boy Control
connection
DB9 plug
DB25 plug
Signal
Pin
Pin
Signal
/TXD
3
3
/RXD
/RXD
2
2
/TXD
/TXD
3
3
/RXD
GND
5
7
GND
RTS
7
5
CTS
6
DSR
8
DCD
4
RTS
CTS
8
DCD
1
DSR
6
Table 3.4: Pin assignment of a DB9-DB25 cable for PC connection
: These pins are connected together.
Pins 1, 6, and 8 of the DB9 plug as well as pins 5, 6, and 8 of the DB25 plug
are bridged.
DB9 socket
DB25 socket
PIN
PIN
1
2
1
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
.
.
.
25
Fig. 3.12: Diagram of DB9-DB25 cable for PC connection
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Sunny Boy Control
3.2.2 RS485 Connection Between a PC and a Sunny Boy
Control
PC
Sunny Boy
Control
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
SWR
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
Betrieb
Operation
string
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
PAC
RS485 / RS232
interface converter
1273
W
Störung
Failure
max. 50
RS485
RS232
Fig. 3.13: RS485 connection to a PC
To overcome long distances, for example, it can be useful to connect an RS485 interface to the "PC (COM2)" connector of the Sunny Boy Control. Compared with
RS232, which allows a maximum cable length of approx 15 m / 50 ft, RS485 allows
a total cable length of 1,200 m / 4,000 ft.
To establish an RS485 connection with a PC, you will need an RS485 Piggy-Back
installed to the Sunny Boy Control and an external RS232-RS485 interface converter.
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Sunny Boy Control
Jumper settings for an RS485 connection to the “PC (COM2)” interface
of the Sunny Boy Control1
Insert RS485
Piggy-Back here
A
B
C
Jumper A:
Termination of the RS485 cable. The data cable must
be terminated on both ends by either setting jumper A
or bridging pins 7 and 9 of the connector. The required
resistance is 120 Ω. The default setting is “not terminated”.
Jumpers B and C:
Pull-up/pull-down resistances for the RS485 signal. The
RS485 pull-up/pull-down resistances are achieved by
either setting jumpers B and C on the Sunny Boy Control or using a cable plug with integrated resistors. The
required resistances are 680 Ω. The default setting is
“pull-up/pull-down activated”. Only one device on the
RS485 bus needs to provide the pull-up/pull-down resistances.
1
On older models of the Sunny Boy Control Plus, these jumpers cannot be modified because the upper circuit board, which cannot be removed, prevents access to them.
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Sunny Boy Control
The following requirements must be met to establish an RS485 connection between
the Sunny Boy Control and a PC.
•
The Sunny Boy Control has an RS485 Piggy-Back connected to its “PC
(COM2)” connector. (On the Sunny Boy Control Plus, the “AUX (COM3)”
connector can also be used for an RS485 connection.)
•
A COM port is available on the PC and an RS485-RS232 interface converter is connected to it. SMA recommends an I-7520 interface converter
from IPC. SMA’s Sunny Boy Hotline does not support the use of interface
converters other than the recommended one.
•
A suitable cable (of the LiYCY type) is correctly terminated on both ends
and does not exceed a length of 1,200 m / 4,000 ft.
•
The jumpers are correctly set.
Fig. 3.14: RS485 connection between a PC and a Sunny Boy Control
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Sunny Boy Control
3.2.3 Connection Between a PC and Several Sunny Boy
Controls
Sunny Boy
Control
PAC
SWR
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringw
Photovoltaic
string echselrichter
inverter
SWR
Betrieb
Operation
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringw
Photovoltaic
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
string echselrichter
inverter
Störung
Failure
SWR
Betrieb
Operation
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringw
Photovoltaic
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
string echselrichter
inverter
Störung
Failure
1273
PAC
SWR
SWR
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringw
Photovoltaic
string echselrichter
inverter
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringw
Photovoltaic
Betrieb
Operation
string echselrichter
inverter
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Betrieb
Operation
SWR
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringw
Photovoltaic
string echselrichter
inverter
Störung
Failure
Störung
Failure
W
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
1273
W
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
PAC
SWR
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringw
Photovoltaic
string echselrichter
inverter
SWR
Betrieb
Operation
SWR
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringw
Photovoltaic
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
string echselrichter
inverter
Störung
Failure
Betrieb
Operation
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringw
Photovoltaic
string echselrichter
inverter
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
1273
W
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
Störung
Failure
RS485
RS485
RS232
RS485
RS485 / RS232
interface converter
Fig. 3.15: RS485 connection between a PC and several Sunny Boy Controls
The following requirements must be met to establish a connection between several
Sunny Boy Controls and a PC.
•
Each Sunny Boy Control has an RS485 Piggy-Back connected to the “PC
(COM2)” connector.
•
A COM port is available on the PC and an RS485-RS232 interface converter is connected to it. SMA recommends an I-7520 interface converter
from IPC. SMA’s Sunny Boy Hotline does not support the use of interface
converters other than the recommended one.
•
The plug-in jumpers B and C (Pull-Up / Pull-Down resistors) may only be
plugged in one Sunny Boy Control. In case of the usage of an I-7520 interface converter the plug-in jumpers B and C have to be removed in all
Sunny Boy Control.
•
A suitable cable (of the LiYCY type) is correctly terminated on both ends
and does not exceed a length of 1,200 m / 4,000 ft.
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Sunny Boy Control
Fig. 3.16: Connection between a PC and several Sunny Boy Controls
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Sunny Boy Control
3.3 Modem Connection
Please Note: The Sunny Boy Control can be equipped with the optional
NET Piggy-Back for e-mail transmission and remote access. The NET
Piggy-Back is equipped with an internal communication module for either
analog, ISDN, Ethernet or GSM (mobile) transmission.
SMA recommends the usage of the NET Piggy-Back as this avoids possible compatibility problems as well as it reduces cabling and installation
modems etc. Note: The NET Piggy-Back only supports e-mail transmission
of status reports instead of Fax reports.
PC with
Modem
Sunny Boy
Control
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
SWR
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
Störung
Failure
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
PAC
Störung
Failure
Störung
Failure
Modem
1273
W
Telephone
network
RS232
Sunny Boy
Control
Fax
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
SWR
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
PAC
Modem
1273
W
RS232
Telephone
network
Fig. 3.17: Modem connection for remote access (top)
and fax transmission (bottom)
To enable remote data acquisition using the Sunny Data Control software or fax
transmission from the Sunny Boy Control, an external modem to be connected to the
phone line is required. We recommend the “Microlink 56k Pro” model from Devolo.
Note that the modem must be compliant with fax class 2.0 in order to communicate
reliably with the Sunny Boy Control. The list of AT commands (section 10.4) and a list
of recommended modem manufacturers (section 11.3) are included in the appendix.
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Sunny Boy Control
Connecting the modem to the Sunny Boy Control
Connect the serial port of the modem (V24/RS232C) with the “PC (COM2)” port of
the Sunny Boy Control using an RS232 cable.
Use the RS232 cable supplied with the modem, not the null modem cable supplied with the Sunny Boy Control (this one is used to connect to a
PC).
With the PC connection cable used for data acquisition, the signals inside
the cable are crossed. With the RS232 cable used for connecting the
modem (also called “V24 cable”), however, the signals are "one to
one". Since these cables look alike, be sure not to confuse them.
Connecting the modem to the phone and power lines
Make all necessary modem connections according to the maker’s instructions. This
typically consists in plugging the power adapter into an electrical outlet and plugging
a phone line into the line jack on the modem and into a phone jack on the wall.
Modem detection by the Sunny Boy Control
Switch on the modem and the Sunny Boy Control. After approximately one minute,
the Sunny Boy Control should automatically detect the modem connected to the “PC
(COM2)” connector. Otherwise, check the modem’s power and phone connections,
and then turn the Sunny Boy Control on again (the automatic modem detection takes
place only at power-up).
Any fax class 2 or 2.0 modem should support the default settings. Otherwise, the
modem init (or initialization) string can be adjusted. See section 6.6.1 for details.
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Sunny Boy Control
3.4 Connecting an External Display
Connecting an external display to the Sunny Boy Control is typically not a problem.
The Sunny Boy Control is preset at the factory to support the following types of displays.
•
•
•
•
•
DATALITE’s DX Series with eight 16-character lines
HvG’s PV system display
Siebert’s PV system display or S10, S30, S70 Series
Adaptive Micro Systems’ LED displays for indoor and outdoor applications)
EnergieCom’s mipan SI with one line of 2 to 15 characters
Although the Sunny Boy Control can normally be configured for any commercially
available type of display, we recommend that you consult with the Sunny Boy Hotline
before making a purchase.
A number of quick installation guides for the most popular displays are available on
our website www.SMA.de or www.SMA-America.com.
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Sunny Boy Control
3.4.1 Activation of External Displays with „ASCII text“
For other display types or the user’s own connections (e.g. guiding system in buildings) any desired selection of channels can be delivered in the form of an ASCII
string with the ‘ASCII-Text’ type. Values, order, display areas and number of digits
are configurable as desired. This allows the display of extended ranges for large
scale plants.
The ASCII string will be delivered with 2400 Baud (no parity, 8 bits, 1 stopbit) at the
activated external display interface and regularly up-dated.
Example for an ASCII string:
Start
Value 1
Value 2
Value 3
Value 4
Value 5
#
LLLLLL;
LLLLLL;
LLLLR;
LLRR;
LLLLRR;
....
Ende
CR,LF
L = Left digit of the decimal point, R = Right digit of the decimal point
Output starts with the rhombus symbol ‘#’. It is followed by the selected channel
value according to the respective format for the number of digits before and after the
decimal point (number of digits before the decimal point = total digits – digits right of
decimal point). Each channel value is finished by a semi-colon. Carriage Return (CR)
and Line Feed (LF) finish the ASCII string.
The output can be displayed and checked with any PC terminal program with the
setting ‘ASCII’ and 2400 Baud (8 N1).
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Sunny Boy Control
3.5 “Relay Out” Connection
Pin Assignment
Pin
Specification
Description
1
-
-
2
0 – 48 V AC, 0.5 A
Switching contact, contact 2-1, switch open
3
0 – 48 V AC, 0.5 A
Switching contact, contact 2-0, switch pole
4
0 – 48 V AC, 0.5 A
Switching contact, contact 2-2, switch closed
5
-
-
6
-
-
7
0 – 48 V AC, 0.5 A
Alarm contact, contact 1-1, switch open
8
0 – 48 V AC, 0.5 A
Alarm contact, contact 1-0, switch pole
9
0 – 48 V AC, 0.5 A
Alarm contact, contact 1-2, switch closed
Table 3.5: Pin assignment of “Relay Out” connector
Diagram
Sunny Boy Control
PIN
Connection switching contact
1
2
Contact 2_1
3
Contact 2_0
4
Contact 2_2
5
6
7
Contact 1_1
8
Contact 1_0
9
Contact 1_2
Connection switching contact
Fig. 3.18: Diagram of “Relay Out” connector
The diagram shows the switches in their default switch positions (contact 1-1, contact
2-1). The default switch position of the alarm contact can be modified in the
“Setup…Interfaces…Relais Out” menu (see section 6.3).
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3.5.1 Alarm Contact
The alarm contact is used to activate an external alarm or notification system each
time the Sunny Boy Control generates an error or warning message.
Default switch position of
the alarm contact
Sunny Boy Control
operating condition
Switching
Contact 1-1
Power failure
Contact 1-1 (pin 7)
Contact 1-1
Normal operation
Contact 1-1 (pin 7)
Contact 1-1
Error/warning message
Contact 1-2 (pin 9)
Contact 1-2
Power failure
Contact 1-1 (pin 7)
Contact 1-2
Normal operation
Contact 1-2 (pin 9)
Contact 1-2
Error/warning message
Contact 1-1 (pin 7)
Table 3.6: Switch positions of alarm contact
The alarm contact is activated by selected events according to their tolerances (see
section 6.3.3).
In addition to activating an external alarm when triggered by an error or warning
message from the Sunny Boy Control, the alarm contact can also be set to activate
the alarm when triggered by a power failure. This requires making contact 1-2 the
default switch position of the alarm contact. However, this will also trigger the alarm
during initialization of the Sunny Boy Control until it starts operating.
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Example of an Alarm Contact Application
In this example, a horn is sounded whenever the Sunny Boy Control generates a
message. For this purpose, “Default Switch” under “Alarm Contact” must be
set to “contact 1_1”.
If the horn is also supposed to be sounded in the case of a power failure, it must be
connected to pin 7, and “Default Switch” under “Alarm Contact” must be set
to “contact 1_2”.
Sunny Boy Control
PIN
1
2
3
4
5
6
+24 V
7
8
9
Fig. 3.19: Alarm contact application
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3.5.2 Switching Contact
The switching contact is intended to operate an external load according to the load
and time management settings of the Sunny Boy Control. The default switch position
can
be
changed
in
the
menu
“Setup…Interfaces…Relais out…
Switch Contact” (see section 6.3.3).
Default switch position of
the switching contact
Sunny Boy Control
operating condition
Switching
Contact 2-1
Power failure
Contact 2-1 (pin 2)
Contact 2-1
Normal operation
Contact 2-1 (pin 2)
Contact 2-1
Time/load event
Contact 2-2 (pin 4)
Contact 2-2
Power failure
Contact 2-1 (pin 2)
Contact 2-2
Normal operation
Contact 2-2 (pin 4)
Contact 2-2
Time/load event
Contact 2-1 (pin 2)
Table 3.7: Switch positions of switching contact
To switch an external load connected to the switching contact, an additional relay is
required.
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Example of a Switching Contact Application
In this example, the external load will be switched via an external relay triggered
power or time management events.
+24 V
L1
-
N
Sunny Boy Control
PIN
1
2
3
4
5
In this example, the “Default
Switch” is set to “contact 2-1”. If
the external load is also to be
switched in the event of a power
failure, connect the relay to pin 2
and set the “Default Switch” to
“contact 2-2”.
6
7
8
9
Fig. 3.20: Switching contact application
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4 Menu Functions for Data Display
4.1 Startup Screen
At every startup the Sunny Boy Control performs an automatic self-test. If the self-test
produces an error, it is shown in the display and, depending on the settings, the
beeper or an external alarm is activated. If no errors are detected, the Sunny Boy
Control will simply display its serial number and firmware version. At this point, you
can press [ESC] to enter the main menu. If no key is pressed for 60 seconds, the
Sunny Boy Control will automatically start the online info.
[
SUNNY BOY ]
[
CONTROL
]
SerNo……xxxxxxxxx
Software………V4.xx
Fig. 4.1: Startup screen
If the Sunny Boy Control displays an error, refer to section “9.1 Messages and Their
Causes”.
Depending on your settings, the alarm contact may be activated when an error occurs during the self-test. Refer to section “6.3.3 Alarm Contact” for details.
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[ ONLINE-INFO
[ SC…SunBC-11
E-Total…
……………---kWh
]
]
Cyclic display of system information, errors and warnings
Section 4.2
↓ ESC↑
[ MAIN MENU
]
„Total PV-Plant
Main menu of the Sunny Boy Control
Section 4.3
Total system output
Section 4.3.1
„Realtime Data
„Daily Yield Š
„DAS Data
---------------„Diagnostics
„Setup
Current values for each device
Section 4.3.2
Daily values for each device
Section 4.3.3
Data archives for measuring channels
Section 4.3.4
Switch to “Diagnostics” menu
Chapter 5
Switch to “Setup” menu
Chapter 6
↓ENTER ↑ESC
[
SETUP
„Password
„System
„Interfaces
„PV-Plant
„DAS Config
„Modem/Fax
„NET/eMail
„Plus I/O
]
Š
(requires password)
Section 6.1
User-defined password for accessing menu
Section 6.1
Language, date & time
Section 6.2
Configuring the connectors
Section 6.3
Detecting, registering & configuring devices
Section 6.4
Turning archiving on/off, selecting measuring channels
Section 6.5
Configuring external modem & system info (optional)
Section 6.6
Configuring internal modem & system info (optional)
Section 6.7
Configuring the Plus functions
Chapter 7
Fig. 4.2: Menu structure of the Sunny Boy Control
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4.2 Online Info
“Online-Info” is the normal operating mode of the Sunny Boy Control. In this
state, it cycles through various screens displaying continuously monitored system data
as well as any error or warning messages occurring in case of a system malfunction.
[ ONLINE-INFO
[ SC…SunBC-09
Pac…
………11.37kW
]
]
Selected device
Current total system power output
Fig. 4.3: Current total system power output in Online-Info
Although “Online-Info” automatically cycles through the different screens, it is
possible to scroll through them manually by pressing [ENTER].
Type of screen
Content
Timespan
Startup screen
Serial number and firmware version
5 seconds (only once)
Date/Time
Date & time
5 seconds (only once)
System data
For example, system power (Pac)
and daily energy (E-today)
10 seconds
Warning message
Various warnings
10 seconds
Error message
Various errors
Until acknowledged by the user
Table 4.1: Online-Info screens
Press [ESC] to exit “Online-Info” and go to the main menu. Error messages are
suppressed while you are navigating the menus of the Sunny Boy Control.
To return to “Online-Info”, press [ESC] (while in the main menu) or [ ↑ ] + [ ↓ ]
(while in a menu). The selection of system data to be displayed in Online-Info can be
reconfigured by the user. Refer to section 6.2.3 for details.
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4.3 Main Menu
All Sunny Boy Control functions are available from the main menu. Press [ESC] anytime to return to Online-Info.
[ MAIN MENU
]
„Total PV-Plant
„Realtime Data
„Daily Yield Š
„DAS Data
---------------„Diagnostics
„Setup
Main menu of the Sunny Boy Control
Total system output
Section 4.3.1
Current values for each device
Section 4.3.2
Daily values for each device
Section 4.3.3
Data archives for measuring channels
Section 4.3.4
Switch to “Diagnostics” menu
Chapter 5
Switch to “Setup” menu
Chapter 6
Fig. 4.4: Main menu
If no key is pressed for 60 seconds while in the main menu, the Sunny Boy Control
automatically returns to Online-Info.
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4.3.1 “Total Plant” function
[ TOTAL PLANT ]
‡Pac…
…………………0W
E-today…
Š
……………---kWh
E-total…
……………---kWh
DATA STORAGE
Energy Values…
…………………0days
DAS Data…
…………………0cycles
Detected…
…………………0devices
Registered…
…………………0devices
Online…
…………………0devices
Total system power output
Daily energy yield
Total energy yield
Timespan of daily values stored
Number of measuring-channel cycles
Number of detected inverters
Number of registered inverters
Number of inverters currently online
Fig. 4.5: “Total Plant” function
The “Total Plant” function gives an overview of the operating condition of your
entire system.
In addition to the total (E-total) and daily (E-today) energy yields of the system, you
can display the current data storage settings of the Sunny Boy Control.
Depending on the configuration, the storage capacity for the daily energy values is
about one year. It is therefore recommended that you back up the acquired data at
least once a year in order to avoid data loss due to insufficient memory. The maximum number of the measuring-channel cycles depends on the number of defined
measuring channels. Refer to Table 10.1: “Number of daily measuring intervals” for
a detailed calculation.
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4.3.2 “Realtime Data” Function
With the “Realtime Data” function, all available data for every single device can
be viewed. The following is the first screen, which indicates the current state of every
device.
[ SPOT VALUES ]
[ Pac/W Status ]
„SC… 2k operati
„01… 0 stop Š
„02…120 MPP
„03…280 U-Const
Device ID, current power output (here: 2 kW), operating status
Device ID, current power output (here: 120 W), operating status
„17…210 MPP
Fig. 4.6: Device selection screen
Press [ENTER] to select a device and display all current values acquired for it. Press [
↑ ] or [ ↓ ] to scroll through the list.
[01:REALT. DATA]
‡Data Time…
… 14:11.00
Vpv…
Š
……236.00V
Upv-Soll…
……299.00V
[Device ID: realtime data]
State…
……………Mpp
Failure…
……-----Fig. 4.7: Realtime data screen
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4.3.3 “Daily Yield” Function
The daily energy values for every connected device are being saved for at least one
year. The device ID “SC” refers to the Sunny Boy Control, which represents the entire
system.
[ DAILY YIELD
„SC…SunBC-09
„01…WR700-08
„02…WR700-08
„03…WR700-04
]
Device ID & model
Š
„17…WR700-04
Fig. 4.8: Device selection screen
Press [ENTER] to select a device and display the daily energy values.
[05: YIELD
12/01/03
11/30/03
11/29/03
11/28/03
11/27/03
kWh]
4.42
4.21
3.7Š
3.42
3.98
06/10/03
9.63
[Device ID: Energy yield in kWh]
Fig. 4.9: Realtime data screen
Press [ ↑ ] or [ ↓ ] to scroll through all of the daily energy values stored for the
selected device.
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4.3.4 Data Archiving and Measuring Channels
So-called “measuring channels”, defining which data of a device to record, can be
set under “DAS Config…Chan. Select.” in the “SETUP” menu. Although it is
theoretically possible to store the data for every available channel of a device, data
archiving should be limited to selected channels in order to increase the storage
depth. A selection of the most important channels is preset for each device.
Measuring channel data is stored as an average value for the interval set under
“DAS Config” in the “SETUP” menu.
If, for example, you have selected the measuring channel “Pac” and defined a 15 minute interval for it, the “Pac” channel’s realtime values of
each 15 minute interval will be averaged, then recorded in the system
memory together with the recording time.
[
DAS DATA
„SC…SunBC-06
„01…WR700-08
„02…WR700-08
„03…WR700-04
]
Device ID…device model
Š
„17…WR700-04
Fig. 4.10: Device selection screen
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Press [ENTER] to select a device and display all of its recorded measuring channels.
[01:DAS DATA
Vpv…
Pac
E-total
]
[Device ID: archived data]
Fig. 4.11: Measuring channel selection screen
The next screen lists the days on which channel data has been archived.
For each day, the recorded values can be displayed together with their recording
times.
[01:DAS DATA
[ Vpv
„12/01/2003
„11/30/2003
]
]
[Device ID: archived data]
[Selected measuring channel]
Selectable date
Fig. 4.12: Date selection screen
[01:DAS DATA
[Vpv
[ 12/01/03
‡14:30.00…
………236.00V
14:15.00…
………235.00V
13:45.00…
………236.00V
]
]
]
Š
[Device ID: DAS DATA]
[Selected measuring channel]
[Selected date]
Time at which measurement was recorded
Value & unit
Fig. 4.13: Measuring data record
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5 “Diagnostics” Function
The “Diagnostics” function provides information on the status of the connected
devices, enabling you to detect the cause for error messages generated by the Sunny
Boy Control.
[ DIAGNOSTICS ]
„Report
„Events
„Communication
„System
System monitoring details
Section 5.1
Status, warning, or error messages displayed
Section 5.2
Analysis of the communication
Section 5.3
Firmware version
Section 0
Fig. 5.1: “Diagnostics” menu
5.1 Report
[
REPORT
]
„01…………………………OK
„02……………Warning
„03………ConfirmeŠ
„04…………………………OK
Device ID…device status/model/serial number
There is a warning message for this device.
User has acknowledged messages.
There are no messages for this device.
„50…………………………OK
Fig. 5.2: Diagnostic report selection screen
If a failure is reported for a device (Failures, Warning, Confirmed), press
[ENTER] to select it. “Confirmed” refers to a failure that has already been acknowledged by the user.
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Diagnostic Reports
The diagnostic report for a device divides the cause of a failure into the following
categories: Communication, Access, Yield, and State.
[02:REPORT
]
„Communic.………OK
„Access………………OK
„Yield…………………OŠ
„State……………Warn
„Isolation………OK
Device ID: report
Communication monitoring
Accessibility of the device
Evaluation of the previous day’s yield
Evaluation of messages for the device
Insulation resistance of the device
Fig. 5.3: Diagnostic report for a device
Press [ENTER] to make a selection and view further details as explained below.
Communication Details
[01:COMMUNICAT.]
‡Tolerance………50%
OK-Spot20……100%
OK-Total………100Š
---------------Packets…………3440
Errors……………………6
Device ID: communication
Expected communication quality
Section 6.2.4
Communication quality of last 20 packets
Communication quality for entire day
Requested data packets
Faulty or ignored data packets
Fig. 5.4: Communication details from diagnostic report
“Tolerance” refers to the expected communication quality that was set under
“Communication” in “Setup…System…Tolerances” (refer to section 6.2.4).
“OK-Spot20” evaluates the last 20 data packets. If the communication quality falls
short of the set tolerance for longer than the tolerance for warning messages (15
minutes by default refer to section 6.2.4), the warning message “CommSpot20” will
be generated.
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“OK-total” evaluates the communication quality for the entire day. At least 100
data packets are required. The evaluation takes place at the end of the day. In case
of a failure, the error message “Communication” is generated.
Access Details
[01:ACCESS
]
‡Tolerance…30min
Offline……00:00h
Online………04:17h
---------------last access…
…08/18/03 14:34
Device ID: access
Max. timespan during which a device cannot be accessed
Section 6.2.4
Has not been accessed for
Operation time today
Date & time of last access made to the device
Fig. 5.5: Access details from diagnostic report
If the “Offline” timespan (time since the device was last accessed during operation)
exceeds the maximum amount set in the menu “Setup…System…Tolerances” (in
other words, there is a communication failure), the “Offline” warning message is
activated.
“Online” shows the operating time (availability) of the device since 12 a.m. (0:00).
If a device cannot be contacted for a whole day (total communication failure), the
error message “24h Offline” will be displayed.
Yield Details
[01:YIELD
]
‡Tolerance………50%
E-Ratio……………98%
---------------Š
E-Yesterday…
…………4980Wh
E-Average…
…………5070Wh
Device ID: yield
Expected E-Ratio (refer to section 6.2.4)
Percentage ratio between E-Yesterday and E-Average (see below)
Energy yield of the device
Average energy yield of a comparable device in the system
Fig. 5.6: Yield details from diagnostic report
“Tolerance” refers to the maximum error tolerance set under “Energy” in
“Setup…System…Tolerances” (refer to section 6.2.4).
“E-Ratio” is derived from the values for “E-Yesterday” (previous-day energy
yield of the device) and “E-Average” (previous-day mean energy yield of a compa-
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rable device in the system).
“E-Ratio” states the deviation percentage of
“E-Yesterday” compared with “E-Average”.
If “E-Ratio” falls short of the value stated for “Tolerance”, the error message
“Energy” is generated.
State Details
[01:STATE
]
‡Tolerance…15min
State…
……………Mpp
Š
Errors…
……-----occurs for…
…………………4min
Device ID: status
Section 6.2.4
Standard display(no error)
This and the following line are displayed only in case of a failure
How long ago the failure occurred
Fig. 5.7: State details from diagnostic report
“Tolerance” refers to the time span set under “Warnings” in
“Setup…System…Tolerances” (refer to section 6.2.4). A warning message will be
generated only if a failure lasts longer than this amount of time.
“State” and “Failures” show the current operating status of the device. If
“Failures” deviates from the setting “-----” (no error), the time passed since the
failure occurred is given below “occurs for”. If “occurs for” exceeds the
“Tolerance” value, the warning message “Device failure” is generated.
Insulation Details
[01:ISOLATION ]
‡Tol.Fail.……500k
Tol.Warn.…1000k
RIso………………3000k
Device ID: isolation
Tolerance for generating an error message
Tolerance for generating a warning message
Current insulation resistance
Fig. 5.21: Insulation details from diagnostic report
“RIso” refers to the current insulation resistance of the device. If the “RIso” value
falls short of the value set for “Tol.Warn.”, a warning message is generated; if it
falls short of the value set for “Tol.Fail.”, an error message is generated.
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5.2 Events
The Sunny Boy Control logs various events together with their dates and times of occurrence. Events are categorized as “Status”, “Warnings”, and “Failures” (refer to Fig. 5.8: “Events” screen). Amongst others, the event log can be a useful troubleshooting tool.
[
EVENTS
„Status
„Warnings
„Failures
]
Log of status messages generated
Log of warning messages generated
Log of error messages generated
Fig. 5.8: “Events” screen
[
STATUS
]
‡12/01/03 14:04…
…Startup
12/01/03 13:30Š
…Time changed
12/01/03 13:07…
…Startup
Sunny Boy Control was unplugged/restarted
Date/time was changed
Fig. 5.9: Status message log
[
WARNINGS
]
‡11/17/03 11:43…
…FAX retry
Fax transmission error
Fig. 5.10: Warning message log
[
FAILURE
]
11/17/03 11:43…
…Communication
Communication error
Fig. 5.11: Error message log
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When an event is preceded by a selection arrow, press [ENTER] to display the details for the event. Refer to section “9.1 Messages and Their Causes” for a list of details.
[
FAILURE
]
[ 01: WR15-005 ]
Communication…
…OK-total 57%
Device ID: device model
Error message details
Fig. 5.12: Error message details
Press [ESC] to exit the event detail screen. Refer to Table 5.1: for a list of events.
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Displayed message
Type of event
Explanation
Startup
Status
Device was switched on/system was started up.
Time changed
Status
Time or date was changed by user.
Failure conf.
Status
User acknowledged error or warning message.
reset diagnosis
Status
Diagnostic data was manually reset.
System Reset
Warning
System was restarted after a failure.
System messages
Device-related messages
Device Failure
Warning
Device reported a failure.
Yield
Error
Device yield is below tolerance.
Isolation Res.
Warning
Insulation resistance is low.
SAFETY! Iso.Res.
Error
Insulation resistance is too low.
Communication monitoring
CommSpot20
Warning
Short interruption of communication
Offline
Warning
Device cannot be reached.
Communication
Error
Long interruption of communication
24h Offline
Error
Device could not be reached for at least 24 hours.
Fax/e-mail-related messages
RI Plant-Info
Status
System information was sent.
RI Error/War.
Status
Error/warning report was sent.
RI Transmission
Warning
Transmission failed.
RI Transmission
Error
Transmission could not be initiated.
Monitoring messages (Sunny Boy Control Plus)
Monitor. <MIN
Warning
Falling short of tolerance for warnings.
Monitor. >MAX
Warning
Exceeding tolerance for warnings.
Monitor. <MIN
Error
Falling short of tolerance for errors.
Monitor. >MAX
Error
Exceeding tolerance for errors.
Table 5.1: Event messages of the Sunny Boy Control
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5.3 Communication Function
The “Communication” function is useful for diagnosing the communication with the
Sunny Boy inverters and analyzing data transmission failures. First, press [ENTER] to
select an inverter to be diagnosed.
[COMMUNICATION ]
„01…WR700-08
„02…WR700-08
„03…WR700-07 Š
„04…WR700-07
Device ID... device model / serial number
Fig. 5.13: Device selection screen
During the communication test the Sunny Boy Control interrupts its normal operation
and instead sends data requests to the selected Sunny Boy. The test results are displayed as follows:
[01:COMMUNICAT.]
‡OK…………………………99%
Packets………10233
Errors………………12Š
Level…………1000mV
Device ID: communication
Percentage of correctly transmitted data packets
Requested data packets
Faulty or ignored data packets
Signal level for Powerline communication
Fig. 5.14: Communication test
The continuously displayed information comprises the percentage of correctly transmitted packages (based on the last 20 data packets), the number of requested data
packets, the number of errors, and (for Powerline communication only) the signal
level.
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5.4 System
[
SYSTEM
]
„Firmware…
…………4.00Version
Version of firmware installed
Fig. 5.15: “System” screen
Description of the settings
The parameter “Firmware” indicates the current firmware version and cannot be
adjusted.
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6 Menu Functions for Configuration
The “Setup” menu contains numerous functions that are not usually necessary for the
daily operation of the Sunny Boy Control.
Since configuration settings affect individual devices as well as the entire
PV system, special care should be taken when making these settings.
To protect the system against unauthorized or unintended access (e.g., children), the
“Setup” menu cannot be accessed as usual by simply pressing [ENTER]; a password must be entered.
To change system parameters of a device, the installer password must be entered.
For less critical settings, the user password will be sufficient.
The normal operating mode of the Sunny Boy Control remains suspended
until the “Setup” menu has been exited.
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6.1 Password
Functions that affect the operation of the Sunny Boy Control are protected with the
user password. (Refer also to section “6.2 User & Installer Passwords”.)
[
PASSWORD
]
¿______
Fig. 6.1: Password input screen
More essential functions, which affect the operating safety and system
configuration of the Sunny Boy Control, are protected by the installer
password. After entering this password, it is also possible to set system
parameters for each device. Note that certain changes to the operating
parameters of a device may render the operating permission for the device invalid.
After entering either password, several sub-menus become available.
[
SETUP
„Password
„System
„Interfaces
„PV-Plant
„DAS Config
„Modem/Fax
„NET/eMail
„Plus I/O
]
User-defined password for accessing menu
Š
See below.
Language, date & time
Section 6.2
Configuring the connectors
Section 6.3
Detecting, registering & configuring devices
Section 7
Turning data archiving on/off, selecting measuring channels
Section 6.5
Configuring external modem & system info (optional)
Section 6.6
Configuring internal modem & system info (optional)
Section 6.7
Configuring the Plus functions
Section 6.3
Fig. 6.2: “Setup” menu
To lock the system again, call up the password protection function without entering a
password. Otherwise, password protection will automatically resume at midnight or
after a restart.
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6.2 System
With the “SYSTEM” function, you can alter basic system settings of the Sunny Boy
Control if necessary.
[
SYSTEM
]
„Language
„Date/Time
„Timing
Š
„Online Info
„Tolerances
---------------Stand-By Mode…
…activated
Gatewaymode…
…Proxy
Memory Function
……………--Service Funct.…
……………--User password……
……………
Inst password……
……………
Selecting the display language
Setting the date & time
Setting wait time and cycles
Section 6.2.2
Configuring Online Info
Section 6.2.3
Setting thresholds for generating messages
Section 6.2.4
Activating/deactivating the stand-by mode
(only with installer password)
User password of your choice
Section 6.2.1
Installer password of your choice
Section 6.2.1
Fig. 6.3: System settings
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Description of the settings
The “Stand-By Mode” can be activated and deactivated.
The “Gatewaymode” function of the Sunny Boy Control can be set as follows:
•
Proxy: Inquiries from Sunny Data Control are answered directly. No
packets are forwarded to the connected devices.
•
transparent: Data acquisition by the Sunny Boy Control is stopped.
Packets from the PC are always forwarded directly to the connected devices.
The “Memory Function” of the Sunny Boy Control allows you to:
•
save parameter settings (“save parameter”)
•
reset parameters to their factory defaults (“Default Param.”)
•
reset measuring channels to their factory defaults (“Default MesCh”)
•
reset “Online-Info“ to its factory defaults (“Default O.Info”)
With the installer function “Service Funct.“ of the Sunny Boy Control, you can:
•
delete archived measuring data (“del Meas.Data”)
•
delete archived daily energy yield data (“del Daily Val.”)
•
remove channel information from the devices (“del Chan.Infos”)
•
reset error counters and operating data (“reset op.data”)
•
reset the error counters only (“reset errors”)
•
reset the device to its factory condition (“reset system”)
6.2.1 User and Installer Passwords
With the function ”User password” of the Sunny Boy Control, you can set the user
password.
With the function “Inst password” of the Sunny Boy Control, you can set the installer password.
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6.2.2 Timing
[
Timing
]
Cmd Timeout…………
…………………4000ms
Cmd. Retries……Š
………………………1time
Data Buffer…
………………2Cycles
Max.timespan waiting for an answer from a device
Number of packet repeats in case of an error
Number of cycles for buffering the measuring data.
Fig. 6.4: Setting the timing
These parameters are tuned to work ideally with PV systems comprised of
Sunny Boy inverters. For configurations that better suit Sunny Team or
Sunny Island systems, refer to the corresponding user manuals.
6.2.3 Online Info
The “Channel Cnt.” information in the “ONLINE-INFO” menu tells you the total
number of channels that appear in the Online Info (refer to section 4.2).
[ ONLINE-INFO ]
‡Channel Cnt.…
…………………4
---------------Š
„Chan. Select.
Number of channels displayed in Online Info
Selection of channels (see below)
Fig. 6.5: Configuring “Online-Info”
To configure “Online-Info”, select the menu item “Chan. Selct.”, and then press
[ENTER] to confirm. You will obtain a list of all registered devices.
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[CHAN.SELECTION]
„SC…SunBC-09
„01…S0009401492
„02…WR20-001 Š
„03…WR20-001
List of available devices
Serial number or model of the device
Fig. 6.6: Selection of devices and channels
Press [ ↑ ] or [ ↓ ] to select the desired device. Every two seconds, the currently selected line also displays the serial number of the selected device. Press [ENTER] to
display the channel list for the device.
[SC:C.SELECTION]
Pac
E-total
E-today
Š
Operating Time
Power On
[Device: Channel selection]
Currently marked channel
Currently marked channel
Currently marked channel
↓ There are more channels further down.
Fig. 6.7: Selection of channels
Channels that are being displayed in “Online-Info” are marked with a point. To
mark or unmark a channel, press [ ↑ ] or [ ↓ ] to move to the desired line, and then
press [ENTER] to make the change.
As usual, press [ESC] to return to the higher-level menus. Any changes made will be
saved only after confirming the query that appears when leaving the
“ONLINE-INFO” menu.
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6.2.4 Tolerances
In the “TOLERANCES” menu, you can set the thresholds that will cause the Sunny Boy
Control to generate messages for a device (refer to section “6.3.3 Alarm Contact”).
[ TOLERANCES
]
‡Warning Time…
………………15min
Warning Rate
………………100%
Offline…
Š
………………30min
Energy…
………………50%
Communication…
………………50%
RIso Failure…
……………500kOhm
Timespan before generating a warning message
Percentage how long the failure appears within the indecated timespan
Maximum timespan during which a device may not be reached
Percentage yield expected of a device compared with the average
Expected communication quality
Minimum insulation resistance
Fig. 6.8: Adjusting tolerances
Once a warning or error message has been generated for a device, you can use the
diagnostic functions to troubleshoot the problem (refer to section 5).
The time value under “Warnings” indicates how long a failure must be present before the Sunny Boy Control generates a warning message.
The time value under “Offline” indicates how long in a day a device may not be
accessible during operating hours (i.e., between the time the device was switched on
and the time the last device is switched off). The smallest offline setting is 15 minutes.
The percentage under “Energy” indicates the minimum daily energy yield expected
of a device compared with the average of all other similar devices. Since the daily
energy data of the system becomes available only at the end of the day, this comparison can take place only at that time. If the daily energy yield of the device falls
short of the set percentage, an error message will be generated for the device. This
allows you to check whether the devices are operating well enough. It is advisable
not to set the energy tolerance percentage too high, since deviations in the yield of
arrays placed in different locations are normal. To obtain meaningful energy yield
comparisons, the compared devices must be of the same type.
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If you do not wish to monitor the energy yield of a device and want to avoid receiving error messages, set the “Energy” tolerance to 0 %.
Example of daily energy yield comparison
This system comprises 4 devices, and the energy tolerance is set to 90 %.
Device
Yield
Message
A
2.2 kWh
None
Device operating normally
B
1.7 kWh
Error
Yield below tolerance
C
0 kWh
Offline
Device not operating
D
2.1 kWh
None
Device operating normally
System
6.0 kWh
Average
2.0 kWh
Average device yield
Tolerance
1.8 kWh
Minimum yield expected of a device to avoid error message
Average:
Tolerance:
=> Minimum energy yield:
Comment
Warning message
Error message
2.0 kWh
90 %
1.8 kWh
Devices that have not yielded any energy by the end of the day are not
taken into account when the average is computed.
The percentage under “Communication” indicates the expected minimum ratio of
data packets that must have been transmitted successfully.
The value under “RIso Failure” indicates the required minimum insulation resistance, short of which an error message is generated.
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6.3 Interfaces
[ INTERFACES ]
„Communication
„Ext. Display
„Relais Out
Section 6.3.1
Section 6.3.2
Section 6.3.3
Fig. 6.9: “Interfaces” menu
6.3.1 Communication
The installed interfaces are automatically detected and can be checked under
“COM1:Sunny Boy” (“SUNNY BOY” connector) and “COM2:PC” (“PC COM2”
connector).
[COMMUNICATION ]
„COM1:Sunny Boy
„COM2:PC
Fig. 6.10: Interface options
Powerline communication with the inverters via the COM1 port is limited to 1,200
baud. With an RS232 connection via the COM2 port, the baud rate can be manually adjusted to as much as 19,200 baud.
[COM1:Sunny Boy]
‡Medium…
…PowerLine
Baudrate…
Š
…………1200Baud
Protocol…
…Sunny-Net
Fig. 6.11: COM1/Sunny Boy interface screen
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6.3.2 External Display
Connecting an external display to the Sunny Boy Control is typically not a problem.
The Sunny Boy Control is preset at the factory to support the following types of displays.
•
•
•
•
•
•
HvG
Siebert
EnergieCom
DATALITE
ASCII-Text (for customized applications)
Adaptive Micro Systems
Although the Sunny Boy Control can normally be configured for any commercially
available type of display, we recommend that you consult with the Sunny Boy Hotline
before making a purchase.
A number of quick installation guides for the most popular displays are available on
our website www.SMA.de or www.SMA-America.com.
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6.3.3 Relais Out
The ”RELAIS OUT” menu allows you to select the desired relay contact, whose operation can then be configured.
Alarm Contact
The alarm contact can be used to activate an external signaling device such as a
light or horn upon occurrence of an error message.
[ ALARM RELAY ]
‡Warnings
………………ON
Failures…
………… ON
--------------Speaker…
…deactivated
Flashing LCD…
…activated
--------------Default Switch
…Contact 2_1
Message displayed in case of a warning
Message displayed in case of an error
Activation / deactivation of speaker
Display flashes in case of a failure
(Display light flashes as long as error is present)
Choice between “Contact 2_1” and “Contact 2_2”
Fig. 6.12: Alarm contact screen
The alarm contact can be set to switch triggered by an error or warning message.
The Sunny Boy Control’s beeper can be activated in addition to the alarm contact.
The beeper will be activated even if no external signaling device is connected to the
alarm contact.
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Switching Contact
The switching contact is used to control loads according to the current irradiation.
[ SWITCH RELAY ]
‡Power-switch
…deactivated
Pon…
Š
…………3.50kW
Poff…
…………2.00kW
Tolerance…
………………15min
Minimum Time…
………………60min
---------------Time-switch…
…deactivated
On-time…
………00:00
Off-time…
………00:00
---------------Default Switch
…Contact 2_1
Turning power management on/off
Power output required for the switching contact to switch on
Power output at which the switching contact switches off
How long Pon must be sustained before the contact switches on
Minimum timespan that the contact remains switched on
Turning time management on/off
Switch-on time
Switch-off time
Choice between “Contact 2_1” and “Contact 2_2”
Fig. 6.13: Switching contact screen
The power management function allows you to switch a load on and off based on
the operating condition of the PV system. If the total system power can be sustained
at a level set under “Pon” for a period of time set under “Tolerance”, the load will
be switched on until the power drops to a level set under “Poff” for the period of
time set under “Tolerance”. In any case, the load will remain switched on at least
as long as set under “Minimum Time” (this may, for example, correspond to the
duration of a washing machine cycle).
Like a timer, the time management function “Time-switch” switches the load on at
a time set under “On-time” and off at a time set under “Off-time”.
If both the power management and the time management functions are activated,
priority will be given to the power management, and time management will occur
only if the power-managed event never occurred.
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For details on the pin assignment for the switching contact, refer to section 3.5.
Example of a water pump setup
[ SWITCH RELAY ]
‡Power-switch
…activated
Pon…
…………3.50kW
Poff…
…………3.50kW
Tolerance…
…………………0min
Minimum Time…
…………………0min
---------------Time-switch…
…deactivated
On-time…
………00:00
Off-time…
………00:00
---------------Default Switch
…Contact 2_1
Switching on if output above 3.5 kW
Switching off if output below 3.5 kW
Switching on as soon as power output exceeds Pon
Switching off as soon as power output falls short of Poff
Choice between “Contact 2_1” and “Contact 2_2”
Fig. 6.14: Water pump example
In this example, the water pump will be witched on as soon as (“Tolerance” = 0
minutes) the system power exceeds 3.5 kW (as set under “Pon”), and it will be
switched off as soon as the system power falls short of this value (as set under
“Poff”).
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Example of a washing machine setup
[ SWITCH RELAY ]
‡Power-switch
…activated
Pon…
…………3.50kW
Poff…
…………2.00kW
Tolerance…
………………15min
Minimum Time…
……………120min
---------------Time-switch…
…activated
On-time…
………16:00
Off-time…
………18:00
---------------Default Switch
…Contact 2_1
Switching on if output above 3.5 kW
Switching off if output below 2.0 kW
Switching on after Pon has been sustained for 15 minutes
Staying switched on for at least 120 min, even if system power is below Poff
Switching on at 16:00 (4 PM)
Switching off at 18:00 (6 PM)
Choice between “Contact 2_1” and “Contact 2_2”
Fig. 6.15: Washing machine example
The washing machine will be switched on as soon as the system has produced 3.5
kW (Pon) for at least 15 minutes, and it will remain switched on until the system
power drops below 2 kW (Poff). In any case, the machine will remain switched on
for at least 120 minutes, so that the wash cycle can be completed. If “Pon” (3.5 kW)
could not be reached by 4 PM, the washing machine will anyway be switched on at
4 PM, then switched off at 6 PM.
[ SWITCH RELAY ]
‡Default Switch…
…Contact 2_1
Choice between “Contact 2_1” and “Contact 2_2”
Fig. 6.16: Switching-contact screen
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6.4 PV-Plant
The following menu items can only be edited after entering the installer password.
[
PV-PLANT
]
„Registration
„Detection
„Parameter
Š
---------------E-Offset…
……………100Wh
Section 6.4.1
Section 6.4.2
Section 6.4.3
see below
Fig. 6.17: “PV-Plant” menu
Energy Offset
To offset differences between the readings of energy counters (for example, after replacing a counter), the “E-Offset” value can be added to the value computed by
the Sunny Boy Control.
6.4.1 Registration
The device registration screen displays all detected devices with their ID and model
information.
[ REGISTRATION ]
„SC…SunBC-06
„A1…WR700-08
„A2…WR700-08
Device ID, model or serial number
Fig. 6.18: Registration screen
To display detailed information on a device, such as its ID, network address, etc.,
select the device and then press [ENTER].
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[
WR700-08
]
‡SNo…
09401478
ID…
A2
Adr… 00/00/016
[Device model]
Serial number
Device ID
(Bus address/string address/device address)
Fig. 6.19: Device ID & network address
While a device’s network address is unique and serves the purpose of identifying the
device on the network, its ID can be freely assigned and serves the sole purpose of
identifying the device in the menu structure of the Sunny Boy Control.
Device ID
To change the ID or the network address automatically assigned to a device by the
Sunny Boy Control, select the item, and then press [ENTER]; next, press
[ ↑ ] or [ ↓ ] to change the setting, then [ENTER] after each character.
Choosing meaningful device IDs will help identify the devices in the menus of the
Sunny Boy Control (refer to Fig. 6.18). “UL”, for example could stand for “upper left“
or “A1” for “device 1 in area A“. In addition, it could be useful to label the devices
accordingly.
Note that the device ID “SC” is reserved for the Sunny Boy Control.
Special device ID “99”
To remove a device from the registration (for example, in order to replace it with another one), change its ID to “99”. The device will be removed after confirmation.
Do you really
want to delete
this device
from the plant?
Fig. 6.20: Device removal confirmation
Removing a device by giving it the ID “99” causes all of its data to be
lost.
Network address
Each device in a network must have a unique address, consisting of a bus address
(0–15), a string address (0–15), and a device address (0–255).
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Bus and string addresses
All devices in the system share the same bus and string addresses, which can be
changed for all devices simultaneously by changing them for the Sunny Boy Control
(select “SC” in Fig. 6.18). The default bus and string addresses are “00/00”. Changing the bus and string addresses is only necessary in the following cases.
•
Interference from a neighboring PV system
If you detect units from other systems in the neighborhood, you should change
the bus address of your system to make identification of your devices easier and
avoid interference from the other systems.
•
Managing a large system
If your PV system consists of several strings controlled by several Sunny Boy
Controls, each string must have a different address.
Device address
Each device in your system must have a unique device address to prevent confusion
and data errors. During device detection, the Sunny Boy Control automatically assigns device addresses while trying to preserve previously assigned addresses. If a
new device has the same address as another registered device, the new device is
assigned a different address.
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6.4.2 Detection
While the Sunny Boy Control automatically detects all accessible devices, it informs
you of the progress made.
[
DETECTION
]
Searching for
new devices
(status)
Fig. 6.21: Sunny Boy Control searching for new devices
After the detection process is completed, each device found by the Sunny Boy Control is displayed as follows in sequence.
New device
Type xxxxxxxx
SNo xxxxxxxxxx
accept?
Fig. 6.22: New device found by Sunny Boy Control
Compare the serial numbers of the detected devices with the actual serial numbers of
your devices (it is useful to make a list of these for reference). Press [ENTER] to register a listed device or [ESC] to remove it from the list.
Eventually the Sunny Boy Control asks you to confirm if all devices were found or
whether the search should be repeated.
[ DETECTION
]
new: xx devices
tot: xx devices
search again?
Fig. 6.23: Search result
Press [ENTER] to run another search. It is possible that the Sunny Boy Control does
not immediately find all devices. If several search attempts are unsuccessful, check
whether the missing devices are correctly installed. If the Sunny Boy Control does not
detect a device after several searches, refer to “Transmission Problems” in
section 9.2.
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Press [ESC] to complete the search.
If new devices were detected, you will be prompted to confirm the new configuration.
[ DETECTION
Do you want
to save the
changes?
]
Fig. 6.24: Confirmation screen
Press [ESC] to cancel the configuration or [ENTER] to confirm it.
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6.4.3 Parameter
The “PARAMETER” function is used to change the default operating parameters of the
connected inverters. First, select a device in the usual way.
[ PARAMETER
01: WR700-08
02: WR700-08
03: WR850-11
04: WR700-08
]
Device ID: device model
Š
Fig. 6.25: Device selection screen
Sample Parameter List
[02: PARAMETER ]
‡Upv-Start…
……160.00V
T-Start…
Š
………10.00s
Upv-Stop…
……120.00V
Device ID: parameter
Fig. 6.26: Parameter screen
The parameters available for the device are displayed. Press [ ↑ ] or [ ↓ ] to scroll
through the different parameters. Press [ENTER] to select the parameter to be edited.
For increased safety, the parameters can only be changed after the installer
password has been entered.
Note that certain changes to the operating parameters of a device may
render the operating permission for the device invalid.
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6.4.4 Adding a New Device
To add a new device to an existing system, proceed as follows:
•
Install the device.
•
Start the device detection (Setup…PV-Plant…Detection). The new device’s serial number appears on the display.
•
When prompted to confirm the new device, press [ENTER] to add it to the
system.
If the new device is not found during detection, check the cables and connections.
6.4.5 Removing a Device
To remove a device from the system,
“Setup…PV-Plant…Registration”.
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6.5 Data Archive (DAS Config)
[ DAS CONFIG ]
‡DAS Enable…
……………On
Meas. IntervalŠ
………………15min
Max. Storage…
……156.10days
---------------„Chan. Select.
On/Off/Permanent
Timespan for averaging
Available archiving period (before older data is overwritten)
Selecting measuring channels
Fig. 6.27: Data archive menu “DAS Config”
If “DAS Enable” is set to “Off”, no data will be archived. If set to “On”, system data
will be archived provided communication with the system is possible. If set to “Permanent”, data will be archived continuously, even at night or when no device can be
reached. “Meas. Interval” sets the measuring interval (i.e., the period of time for
which measured values are averaged). The measuring interval can be set between 0
and 240 minutes. If set to 0, the spot values are stored without averaging. The minimum storage time is 5 – 60 seconds, depending on the number of connected devices. “Max. Storage” indicates for how long data can be stored in the memory
before the oldest data will be overwritten. This value depends on the measuring interval, the number of selected channels, and the number of inverters.
Channel Selection
Measuring channels are the data channels that are selected for storage. Any data
channel can be made a measuring channel. The Sunny Boy Control’s default measuring channels for each device are a good selection, suitable for most applications.
However, you can modify the default setting to match your requirements.
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[CHAN.SELECTION]
„SC…SunBC-07
„01…WR700-08
„02…WR700-08 Š
„03…WR700-04
Device ID...device model
„17…WR700-04
Fig. 6.28: Device selection screen
Press [ENTER] to select a device and display all of its available measuring channels.
[01:C.SELECTION]
Pac
Fac
Zac-Srr
Š
[ Device ID: Channel selection]
Measuring channel marked with a point
Fig. 6.29: Measuring channel selection screen
The measuring channels (i.e., channels selected for storage) are marked with a point.
Press [ENTER] to select or deselect a channel for storage. The Sunny Boy Control can
manage up to 250 channels spread freely over all of the connected devices. To obtain the best storage depth, keep the number of measuring channels as low as possible. Refer to section 9.2 for details on the storage capacity of the Sunny Boy Control.
The data archive is not affected by changes in the selection of measuring channels.
When leaving the data archive function, you will be asked to confirm any changes.
[
DAS CONFIG ]
Do you want
to save the
changes?
Fig. 6.30: Confirming the measuring channel configuration
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6.6 Modem/Fax
[ Modem/Fax
„Modem
„Remote-Info
]
Remote Info configuration
Section 6.6.2
Fig. 6.31: Modem/Fax menu
6.6.1 Modem
About one minute after being switched on, the Sunny Boy Control automatically recognizes any modem connected to the “PC (COM2)” port. The following modem
states can be displayed.
Deactivated
Waiting
Searching
Operating
Error
→
→
→
→
→
No interface selected
.
Wait 5 minutes for the next trial.
Modem is being initialized.
Modem was successfully initialized.
Modem could not be initialized.
[
MODEM
]
‡Interface…
…deactivated
Device…
Š
…Hayes
Init-String…
…AT&FE0V1X0Q0L„
…ATS0=1_______„
…AT&D0&W___„
Dialmode…
…tone (MFW)
---------------„Modem-Test
Interface selection or modem deactivation
Selected modem
Modem-specific sequence
Modem-specific sequence
Modem-specific sequence
Dial mode
Modem test function (see below)
Fig. 6.32: Modem configuration screen
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Theoretically, all modems support the default Hayes init string. After selecting the modem type, the init string is automatically adjusted. If necessary, select
“user definded” to be able to modify the init string to suit a particular modem. Be
sure to edit the init string very carefully, otherwise the modem initialization or data
transmission may fail. In the case of older telephone systems, “Dialmode” can be
changed from “tone (MFW)” to “pulse (IWF)”.
With Siemens GSM modems, the PIN in the third init string needs to be adjusted. For
better reception, it is recommended to connect a directional antenna.
Running the modem test (refer to Fig. 6.33: Modem test result) will check the init
strings and make sure that the ringing tone is recognized. Modems with an unreliable
ringing tone recognition will produce an “ERROR”. Ringing tone recognition is irrelevant for remote data transmission. For testing fax transmission, use the “Test-FAX”
function (refer to section “6.6.2 Remote Info”).
[ MODEM-TEST ]
‡Init1…………………OK
Init2…………………OK
Init3…………………OK
Fig. 6.33: Modem test result
In the case of an ISDN connection, the best results can be obtained with
a configuration that uses the “multifunctional” setting. According to the
ISDN modem manufacturer the MSN has to be entered and saved in the
third AT sequence.
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6.6.2 Remote Info
E-mail
Under “Remote-Info”, Sunny Boy Controls equipped with a built-in NET Piggy-Back
can be configured to send messages by e-mail. This will be described in a separate
document.
Fax
The Sunny Boy Control can be configured to automatically send messages by fax.
This requires that an external fax modem is connected to the “PC COM2” connector
and to a phone line. For details on how to connect a modem, refer to section 3.3.
Remote fax transmission is activated or deactivated under “FAX-Info”.
[ Remote Info ]
‡FAX-Info…
…deactivated
---------------Š
„Events
„Recipient
„Sender
„Test-Report
Fig. 6.34: Remote Info screen
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Events
The following fax messages can be sent.
•
•
Plant-Info: Report on system energy yields
Errors/Warnings: Report on error and warning messages generated
Error and warning messages are always transmitted in one single report. If the warnings are set to “daily report” und errors to “hourly report”, an hourly report of all errors and warnings that occurred until then will be faxed on the hour following the occurrence of an error. If only a warning occurs, a daily report will be faxed according
to the time set under “send up from”.
[
EVENTS
]
‡Plant-Info…
…daily report
Warnings…
Š
…daily report
Errors…
…hourly report
---------------Send up from
………15:00
Time at which the daily report will be faxed
Fig. 6.35: Event configuration screen
Recipient
[ RECIPIENT
]
‡Company/Name…
…ABC SOLAR„
…MR. J. SMITHŠ
---------------Phone Number…
…______________
Fig. 6.36: Recipient configuration screen
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Use the “Company/Name” information to make sure that the fax is being sent to the
appropriate recipient. You are free to enter other relevant information instead of the
names of a company and person. Enter the recipient’s fax number under
“Phone Number”. Enter numbers as you would on a phone or fax machine, including area code etc. Entering “,” will generate a dialing pause.
Sender
[
SENDER
]
‡Plant Name…
…MY_SYSTEM„
…_____________Š
Plant PhoneNo…
…961 389 2689
Sender’s fax number, appears in fax header
Fig. 6.37: Sender configuration screen
The report uses the “Plant Name” as the sender. This helps identify the systems
when faxing information from several systems. The system phone number appears in
the fax header, but it has no further function.
Test Report
[ TEST-REPORT
Start
]
Fig. 6.38: Sending a test message
Sending a test report can be useful in checking the configuration.
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If the test report could not be transmitted, check if the modem is properly configured
and whether the modem accepts the init string. You can also press [ ↓ ] to view the
log of the sent and received sequences.
[TEST-REPORT]
FAX-Info…
…Wait Data
…OK
¿
---------------s:AT&FE0V1X1Q0„
r:OK
...Init Com, ...Init Modem, ...Init FAX, ...Dial, ...Send...
If OK or ERROR is displayed, [¿] displays the sent & received log.
Sent sequence
Received sequence
Fig. 6.39: Sending a test fax
The following is a sample test report.
Fig. 6.40: Sample test report fax
If several transmission trials fail, check the entire configuration.
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Sample Fax: Error/Warning Report Fax
Fig. 6.41: Sample error/warning report fax
Sample Plant Info Fax
Fig. 6.42: Sample plant info fax
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6.7 NET/E-mail
To configure the NET/Email function, refer to the NET Piggy-Back manual
(NETPB-11:EE).
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7 Sunny Boy Control Plus
This chapter deals with the additional connection possibilities offered by the Sunny
Boy Control Plus: AUX, DIGITAL IN/OUT, and ANALOG IN. The added monitoring
capabilities are described using examples. The configuration can be either hardwarebased (done on the Sunny Boy Control Plus itself) or software-based (done using the
Sunny Data Control software). Both methods are also explained using examples.
Digital Interface
COM 3
AUX
(COM 3)
RELAIS OUT
Analog Interface
ANALOG IN
DIGITAL IN/OUT
PC
(COM 2)
SUNNY BOY
(COM 1)
NET
LINE
90...260 VAC, 50/60 Hz
Fig. 7.1: Analog, digital, and COM3 connectors
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Hardware-Based Configuration
To configure the connectors on the Sunny Boy Control Plus itself, use the menu
“Setup…Interfaces”.
[
Plus I/O
„Analog In
„Digital In
„Digital Out
„Variable
„Monitoring
]
Analog inputs AIN1–AIN8
Section 7.2
Digital inputs DIN1–DIN8
Section 7.3.2
Digital outputs DOUT1–DOUT8
Section 7.3.3
Variables Var1–Var16
Section 7.4
Monitoring channels Mon1–Mon8
Section 7.5
Fig. 7.2: Configuring the analog and digital interfaces
When leaving the “Plus I/O” menu, the changes made are saved after confirmation. When the analog, digital, variable, or monitoring channels are changed, the
device generates a new channel description, which can be recognized by a change
of the device model information (e.g., from “SBC+a4Eb” to “SBC+a4Ec”).
Software-Based Configuration
The Sunny Boy Control Plus can also be configured using the Sunny Data Control
software.
Parameter
Channel
Value
Description
+a_SET Choice
---
Selecting the channel to be changed
+b_SET Help
Select with...
Help messages for different input options
+c_SET Value
---
Displaying the current setting for the selected channel
+d_SET Plus-Function
---
“store”, “undo”, “Profile 1–2”
Table 7.1: Configuration using Sunny Data Control
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Making long character entries, such as channel names, can be much easier from a
PC. The entire configuration consists of the four parameter channels shown in the
above figure. The changes made must be saved using the option “store” from the
“+Set Function”.
7.1 Serial Connector “AUX (COM3)”
“AUX (COM3)” is the third communication port of the Sunny Boy Control Plus. As
opposed to the “PC (COM2)” port. An external display or a PC can be connected
here using an RS232 or RS485 cable (depending on the Piggy-Back installed).
C
B
A
AUX (COM3)
Piggy-Back:
not mounted = no function
C
B
A
AUX (COM3)
Piggy-Back:
485PB-G1 = RS485
C
B
A
AUX (COM3)
Piggy-Back:
232PB-S1 = RS232
Not mounted
Mounted
Fig. 7.3: Jumper configurations for the “AUX (COM3)” port (internal)
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For the COM3 port, jumpers A, B, and C are in the opposite order of
what they are for the COM1 and COM2 ports!
Jumper A:
Termination of the RS485 cable. The data cable must be
terminated on both ends by either setting jumper A or bridging pins 7 and 9 of the connector. The required resistance is
120 Ω. The default setting is “not terminated”.
Jumpers B and C:
Pull-up/pull-down resistances for the RS485 signal. The
RS485 pull-up/pull-down resistances are achieved by either
setting jumpers B and C on the Sunny Boy Control or using
a cable plug with integrated resistors. The required resistances are 680 Ω. The default setting is “pull-up/pull-down
activated”. Only one device on the RS485 bus needs to
provide the pull-up/pull-down resistances.
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7.2 “ANALOG IN” Connector
For analog data acquisition, the Sunny Boy Control Plus offers a total of eight analog
input channels, two of which are configured for temperature sensing. The optional
SBCOP-ANA-KIT is a DB25 adapter to be connected to the “ANALOG IN” port and
providing a terminal strip that greatly simplifies the installation and connections (refer
to the quick installation guide “SBCOP-Ana-Kit-11:CD”).
Fig. 7.4: “ANALOG IN” connector
Pin Assignment
Pin
Signal
Description
Pin
Signal
Description
1
AIN-1
Input
14
AGND
Ground
2
AIN-1B
For measuring current
15
AGND
Ground
3
AIN-2
Input
16
AGND
Ground
4
AIN-2B
For measuring current
17
AGND
Ground
5
AIN-3
Input
18
AGND
Ground
6
AIN-4
Input
19
AGND
Ground
7
AIN-5
Input
20
AIN-7-
PT100 input V-
8
AIN-6
Input
21
AIN-8-
PT100 input V-
9
AIN-7+
PT100 input V+
22
PT100-I1-
Power source I-
10
AIN-8+
PT100 input V+
23
PT100-I2-
Power source I-
11
PT100-I1+
Power source I+
24
AGND
Ground
12
PT100-I2+
Power source I+
25
N.C.
Not connected
13
N.C.
Not connected
Table 7.2: Pin assignment for “ANALOG IN” connector
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7.2.1 Analog Input Channels AIN-1–AIN-6
The analog input channels AIN-1–AIN-6 have eight variable-voltage inputs ranging
between ±10 mV and ± 10 V at ±20 mA.
b) Current measuring
a) Voltage measuring
PIN
1
AIN-1
2
2
AIN-1B
3
3
AIN-1
4
5
14
15
=
AIN-3
AGND
=
ANALOG IN
ANALOG IN
1
PIN
4
5
AIN-3
14
AGND
AGND
AGND
15
16
AGND
16
AGND
17
AGND
17
AGND
25
25
Jumper 3 mounted
Fig. 7.5: Analog input connection examples
Connecting AIN-1 and AIN-2 to AGND configures these two channels for measuring
current without having to open the device. To be able to use channels AIN-3 – AIN-6
in the same way, the device must be opened and jumpers installed inside.
Fig. 7.6: Jumper configuration for measuring current
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Hardware-Based Configuration
The analog input channels are activated by selecting a measurement range in the
menu “Setup…Plus I/O…Analog In-1”. The name and the unit of the channel to
be displayed can be renamed according to the sensor. The value to be displayed is
calculated based on the measured signal according to gain and offset.
The gain factor is obtained by dividing the display range by the measuring range.
The offset is calculated by subtracting the product of the gain factor and lower end of
the display range from the lower end of the measuring range.
Expressed in formulas:
M is a value measured in a range between Ml and Mu in the unit V, mV or mA, according to the selected function.
D is the value displayed in a range between Dl and Du.
Gain:
G = (Du - Dl) / (Mu - Ml)
Offset:
O = Dl - (G * Ml)
Displayed value:
D = (G * M) + O
A pyranometer has an output voltage of 0–10 V. This corresponds to
radiation of 0–1,350 W/m².
Ml = 0 V, Mu = 10 V, Dl = 0 W/m2, Du = 1,350 W/m²
G = (1,350 - 0) / (10 - 0) = 135
O = 0 - (135 * 0) = 0 W/m²
If M = 5 V: D = (M * G) + O = 5 * 135 + 0 = 675
A temperature sensor with a converter outputs 4–20 mA. This corresponds to a temperature range of -30–+80 °C.
Ml = 4 mA, Mu = 20 mA, Dl = -30 °C, Du = +80 °C
G = (80- (-30)) / (20 - 4) = 110 / 16 = 6.875
O = -30 - (6.875 * 4) = -30 - 27.5 = -57.5 °C
If M = 4 mA: D = (M * G) + O = 4 * 6.875 - 57.5 = -30
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[ ANALOG IN-1 ]
‡Function…
…+/- 10V
---------------Š
Name…
………+Gi
Unit…
…………W/m2
Gain…
……………150
Offset…
…………………0
Measuring range
Channel name
Measuring unit
Conversion from “measured value (x) to displayed value (y)“:
y = x * (gain) + offset
In this example: 10 V = 1500 W/m2
Fig. 7.7: Analog input channel configuration
Software-Based Configuration
Parameter
Channel
Value
+a_SET Choice
Analog In1
+b_SET Help
Fct, Name, Unit, Gain, Offset
+c_SET Value
10V, +Gi, W/m2, 150, 0
Table 7.3: Analog input channel configuration
PIN 1
PIN 17
Fig. 7.8: Pyranometer
Fig. 7.9: Reference cell
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Setting
Explanation
Fct
Function of the analog input channel
Abbrev. ..... Explanation
-................ deactivated
10V
..... Measurement between -10 V and +10 V
5V
....... Measurement between -5 V and +5 V
1V
....... Measurement between -1 V and +1 V
500mV
Measurement between -500 mV and +500 mV
100mV
Measurement between -100 mV and +100 mV
50mV
.. Measurement between -50 mV and +50 mV
20mV
.. Measurement between -20 mV and +20 mV
10mV
.. Measurement between -10 mV and +10 mV
20mA
.. Measurement between -20 mA and +20 mA
Name
Name of the channel to be displayed
Unit
Unit to be displayed
Gain
Conversion from input value to unit of measurement
Offset
Value to be added to the value to be displayed
Table 7.4: Analog input channel settings
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7.2.2 Temperature Sensing (AIN-7 & AIN-8)
The analog input channels AIN-7 and AIN-8 are designed for four-conductor temperature sensing using PT100 resistors. The necessary power is delivered by the
Sunny Boy Control Plus. For temperature input channel AIN-7, the connections are
made to PT100-I1+, AIN-7+, PT100-I1-, and AIN-7-. For AIN-8, the connections are
made to PT-100-I2+, AIN-8+, PT100-I2-, and AIN-8- (refer to Fig. 7.10).
b) Temperature measuring with AIN-8
a) Temperature measuring with AIN-7
PIN
PIN
1
1
9
AIN-7+
10
11
PT100-I1+
12
20
PT100
AIN-7-
21
22
ANALOG IN
ANALOG IN
9
10
12
PT100-I2+
PT100
20
21
PT100-I1-
AIN-8+
11
AIN-8-
22
23
23
25
25
PT100-I2-
Fig. 7.10: Connections for temperature input channels AIN-7 and AIN-8
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Configuration
In addition to the electrical connection, a temperature unit must be selected (Celsius,
Fahrenheit, or Kelvin) to activate a temperature input.
The following screen shows the configuration of input channel AIN-7 in the menu
“Plus I/O…Analog In…+AIn-7 (PT100)”. The channel name is “+Tam” and the
temperature unit is “Celsius”. As a result, the temperature input display is
“+Tam………23.13°C”.
[ ANALOG IN-7 ]
‡Function…
………………Celsius
---------------Š
Name…
……………+Tam
Temperature unit to be displayed
deactivated, Celsius, Fahrenheit, Kelvin
Name of the channel
Fig. 7.11: Temperature input channel configuration screen
Same settings in Sunny Data Control on the PC:
Parameter
Channel
Value
+a_SET Choice
Analog IN-7
+b_SET Help
Fct(-,C,F,K),Name
+c_SET Value
C, +Tam
Table 7.5: Temperature input channel configuration on the PC
Setting
Explanation
Fct
Function of the analog input channel
Abbrev. ..... Explanation
-................ deactivated
C .............. Temperature display in degrees Celsius
F ............... Temperature display in degrees Fahrenheit
K .............. Temperature display in degrees Kelvin
Name
Name of the channel to be displayed
Table 7.6: Temperature input settings
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7.3 “DIGITAL IN/OUT” Connector
The Sunny Boy Control Plus offers eight digital input and output channels. The necessary 24 V power has to be provided by external sources. The optional SBCOP-DIGKIT is a DB25 adapter to be connected to the “DIGITAL IN/OUT” port and providing
a terminal strip that greatly simplifies the installation and connections (refer to the
quick installation guide “SBCOP-DIG-KIT-11:CD”).
Fig. 7.12: “DIGITAL IN/OUT” connector
Pin Assignment
Pin
Signal
Description
Pin
Signal
Description
1
DIN-1
Input
14
DIN-5
Input
2
DIN-2
Input
15
DIN-6
Input
3
DIN-3
Input
16
DIN-7
Input
4
DIN-4
Input
17
DIN-8
Input
5
DGND
Ground (low signal)
18
DGND
Ground (low signal)
6
D+24V
Voltage (high signal)
19
D+24V
Voltage (high signal)
7
15VAC
AC power supply
20
15VAC
AC power supply
8
+24VDC
DC power supply
21
DGND
Ground (low signal)
9
+24VDC
DC power supply
22
DOUT-8
Output
10
DOUT-4
Output
23
DOUT-7
Output
11
DOUT-3
Output
24
DOUT-6
Output
12
DOUT-2
Output
25
DOUT-5
Output
13
DOUT-1
Output
Table 7.7: Pin assignment for “DIGITAL IN/OUT” connector
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Diagnostic Channels
The menu “Realtime Data” of the Sunny Boy Control Plus gives access to the diagnostic channels of the digital interface.
[SC:REALT. DATA]
:::
‡+Diag Ext+24V…
…OK
Š
+Diag DOUT/DIN…
…OK
:::
Diagnosis of external voltage supply
OK, Error
Diagnosis of digital output & input channels
OK, Error
Fig. 7.13: Diagnosis of digital interface
7.3.1 24 V Power Supply
The 24 V DC power required to operate the digital channels must be supplied externally. If only a few channels are used, it may be most cost-effective to connect a small
standard 15 V AC transformer to the 15VAC pins and let the Sunny Boy Control Plus
convert this internally by means of a bridge rectifier. If however more channels are
used, a 24 V DC power source must be connected to the +24VDC, +24VDC,
DGND, and DGND pins.
b) AC voltage supply
PIN
PIN
25
25
21
DGND
20
=
18
9
8
+24 V DC
18 … 27 V
DIGITAL IN/OUT
DIGITAL IN/OUT
a) DC voltage supply
21
20
15 V AC
18
~
9
8
7
7
1
1
15 … 22 V
15 V AC
Fig. 7.14: Supplying power to the digital interface (example)
With an external 24 V DC power source, the diagnostic channel “+Diag Ext+24V”
can be used to check whether the necessary voltage is being supplied.
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7.3.2 Digital Input Channels (DIN-1–DIN-8)
The digital input channels are DIN 43 864-compliant S0 interfaces. This standard
defines the current interface for impulse transmission between an energy (pulse) meter
and an electric consumption meter.
DIGITAL IN/OUT
25
19
18
D+24 V
17
DIN-8
6
D+24 V
a) Make contact
b) Break contact
5
1
DIN-1
Fig. 7.15: Digital input channel application
The digital input channels can be configured as pulse channels or as simple switching
channels. DIN1 – DIN8 are switched to DGND for breaking contact (off) or to
D+24V for making contact (on).
The power supplied to the digital input channels by D+24V is limited
to a total of 0.5 A and is protected against overload and short circuits.
If the D+24V power supply is overloaded or short-circuited, the diagnostic channel
“+Diag DOUT/IN” displays “Error”.
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Hardware-Based Configuration
All parameters for the digital and analog input channels can be configured in the
menu items “Setup…Plus I/O…Analog In” and “…Digital In” of the Sunny
Boy Control Plus. But these settings can also be made from a PC using Sunny Data
Control (refer to chapter “8 Data Display and Configuration From a PC”).
[ DIGITAL IN-1 ]
‡Function…
…Switch
---------------Š
Name…
………+DIn1
HighText…
……………off
LowText…
……………on
Selecting the function of the digital channel
Switch, Trigger Low, Trigger High
Name of the channel
Text for the “switched on” condition
Text for the “switched off” condition
Fig. 7.16: Configuration of digital input channels as switches
[ DIGITAL IN-1 ]
Function…
…Frequency
---------------Š
Name…
………+DIn1
Unit…
………………Hz
Gain…
…………………1
Offset…
…………………0
Selecting the function of the digital channel
Frequency, Impulse cont., Impulse daily
Name of the channel
Measuring unit
Conversion from “measured value (x) to displayed value (y)“:
y = x * (gain) + offset
Fig. 7.17: Configuration of digital input channels as counters
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Software-Based Configuration
Parameter
Channel
Value
+a_SET Choice
Digital In1
+b_SET Help
Fct (-, sw, trlo, trhi, impc, impd, frq), Name
+c_SET Value
-,+DIN-2
Table 7.8: Digital input channel configuration
Parameter
Channel
Value
+a_SET Choice
Digital In1
+b_SET Help
Fct, Name, LowText, HighText
+c_SET Value
sw, +DIN-2, off, on
Table 7.9: Configuration of digital input channels as switches
Parameter
Channel
Value
+a_SET Choice
Digital In1
+b_SET Help
Fct, Name, Unit, Gain, Offset
+c_SET Value
impc, +DIN-2, ---, 1, 0
Table 7.10: Configuration of digital input channels as counters
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Setting
Explanation
Fct
Function of the digital input channel
Abbrev. ..... Explanation
-................ deactivated
sw ............ Switch
trlo............ Trigger low, within measuring range
Switch on
trhi ............ Trigger high, within measuring range
Switch on
impc.......... Continuous impulse counter
impd ......... Daily impulse counter, reset at 00:00 (midnight)
frq ............ Frequency
Name
Name of the channel to be displayed
a) Only for the functions sw, trlo, and trhi:
HighText
Text displayed with the “switched on” condition
LowText
Text displayed with the “switched off” condition
b) Only for the function frq:
Unit
Unit to be displayed
Gain
Conversion from number of impulses to unit of measurement
Offset
Value to be added to the value to be displayed
c) Only for the functions impc and impd:
Unit
Unit to be displayed
Gain
Conversion from number of impulses to unit of measurement
Counter reading
Current count in measuring unit
Table 7.11: Digital input channel configuration
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7.3.3 Digital Output Channels (DOUT-1–DOUT-8)
The digital output channels DOUT-1 – DOUT-8 are switched to DGND. They can be
configured as switches, which can be switched via the installer mode in Sunny Data
Control. This allows you, for example, to switch external relays in the system from a
remote PC using a modem.
L1
DIGITAL IN/OUT
PIN
25
DOUT-5
18
DGND
13
DOUT-1
5
N
DGND
1
Fig. 7.18: Digital output channel application
If the digital outputs are overloaded or short-circuited, the diagnostic channel “+Diag
DOUT/IN” displays “Error”.
Hardware-Based Configuration
[DIGITAL OUT 1 ]
Function…
……………-----------------Š
Name…
………+DIn1
LowText…
……………off
HighText…
……………on
Selecting the function of the digital channel
deactivated, switch
Name of the channel
Text for “switched off” condition
Text for “switched on” condition
Fig. 7.19: Digital output channel configuration
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Software-Based Configuration
Parameter
Channel
Value
+a_SET Choice
Digital OUT-2
+b_SET Help
Fct (-, sw), Name, LowText, HighText
+c_SET Value
-, +DOUT-2
Table 7.12: Digital output channel configuration
Setting
Explanation
Fct
Function of the digital output channel
Abbrev. ..... Explanation
-................ deactivated
sw............. Switch
Name
Name of the channel to be displayed
LowText
Text displayed with the “switched off” condition
HighText
Text displayed with the “switched on” condition
Table 7.13: Digital output channel settings
7.4 Variables (VAR-1–VAR-16)
Sixteen variables are available to perform customized calculations. By combining
any of the measured values according to specific requirements, the user can generate
new data. With a variable, analog Vac and Iac measurements, for example, can
produce Pac data.
The variables are calculated in the order VAR-1–VAR-16. This can be important to
know when the formula for one variable contains another variable. For example:
VAR-1 calculates Pac, and VAR-2 determines Eac based on VAR-1. The settings for
the variables can be made in the menu “Setup…Plus I/O…Variables”
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Formulas
In addition to the four basic operations, formulas can include parentheses, integrations, differentiations, and channel sums.
Allocation
Explanation
=
Marks the beginning of an allocation
+, -, /, *
Basic operations
Ex.: =17*4+3
(...)
Subcalculations
Ex.: =17*(4+(2*3-7))
[Name]
Value of a Sunny Boy Control Plus channel. (The channel name has to be
within square brackets.).
Ex.: [Pac], [Eac], [+VAR-1], [+Mess1]
[XY:Name]
Value of an inverter channel. (The channel name is preceded by the device
ID. Both have to be within square brackets.)
Ex.: [01:Pac], [02:Etot]
[SUM:Name]
Sum of a channel’s values from all inverters
Ex.: [SUM:Iac] totals the Iac values of all inverters.
=INT(...)
The result of the formula is integrated.
Ex.: Eac =INT( [Pac]/1000)
The values are erased at the end of the day.
=DIF(...)
The result of the formula is differentiated.
Ex.: Pac =DIF( [Pac]/1000)
=MAX(...)
The maximum value of a formula is determined on a daily basis.
Ex.: Pac-max (daily maximum power) =MAX( [Pac] ) (The values are erased at
the end of the day.)
Table 7.14: Variable formulas
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You’re measuring Iac (the current in ampere) with AIN-1 and Vac (the
voltage in volts) with AIN-2 on the AC side. Using two variables, Pac (the
power output in watts) can be calculated, and using integration, Eac (the
energy in kWh) can be calculated. One kilowatt being 1,000 watts and
one hour being 3,600 seconds, Ws are converted into kWh by division
through 3.6E6 (corresponding to 1000 * 3600).
AIN-1:
+Iac, A
AIN-2:
+Uac, V
VAR-1: +Pac, W,
=[Iac]*[Uac]
VAR-2: +Eac, kWh, =INT([+Pac]/3.6E6)
Hardware-Based Configuration
[ Variable 1 ]
Function…
…activated
---------------Š
Name…
………+PacMax
Unit…
…………………kW
Formula…
…=MAX([Pac])
Function of the variable
deactivated, activated
Name of the channel
Measuring unit
Formula to be calculated
Fig. 7.20: Configuration of variables
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Software-Based Configuration
Parameter
Channel
Value
+a_SET Choice
Variable VAR-1
+b_SET Help
Fct (-, a), Name, Unit, Formula
+c_SET Value
a, +PacMax, kW, =MAX([Pac])
Table 7.15: Configuration of variables
Setting
Explanation
Fct
Function of the variable
Abbrev. ..... Explanation
-................ deactivated
a............... activated
Name
Name of the channel to be displayed
Unit
Unit to be displayed
Formula
Formula to be calculated
Table 7.16: Configuration of variables
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7.5 Monitoring (+MonStart & +Mon1–+Mon8)
The monitoring function enables you to customize the monitoring to match your
needs. The tolerance values for generating warnings and failures can be defined for
eight channels of the Sunny Boy Control Plus. As soon as this limit has been violated
for longer than the set length of time (refer to “Setup…System…Tolerances”), the
Sunny Boy Control Plus will generate a corresponding warning or error message.
These are treated like any other warning or error message by either switching the
alarm contact or faxing a report.
7.5.1 Defining the Starting Condition (MON-Start)
When the start condition (+MON-Start) is activated, error and warning messages for
the 8 monitoring channels +Mon1–+Mon8 are generated only if the starting condition is met.
Hardware-Based Configuration
[MONITOR START ]
Function…
…activated
---------------Š
ChName…
………+Gi
Valid min…
……………200W/m2
Valid max…
…………1300W/m2
Error Low…???
…………………0W/m2
Error High…???
…………1300W/m2
Function of the monitor starting condition
deactivated, activated
Name of the channel to be monitored (the channel’s default unit
for the values below is displayed; here: W/m2)
Monitoring is active only if channel exceeds this value.
Monitoring is active only if channel falls short of this value.
Error if channel falls short of this value (e.g., if line is broken)
Error if channel exceeds this value
Fig. 7.21: Monitoring channel configuration
If you would like to monitor the efficiency of a PV system, note that, due to the characteristic curve, a meaningful analysis is not possible during periods of low irradiation. It is therefore recommended that you define an irradiation range in which to perform an analysis. This is possible by using an external irradiation sensor to take analog measurements and by defining a valid value range of 200–1,300 W/m² under
+Mon-Start. To guarantee usable irradiation values, sensor values beyond the set
range (e.g., below 0 W/m² and above 1,500 W/m²) are defined as errors. If no
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external sensor is available, the current system power (Pac) can be defined as the
starting condition (e.g., 200 W < Pac < 1500 W).
Software-Based Configuration
Parameter
Channel
Value
+a_SET Choice
Monitor START
+b_SET Help
Fct (-, a), Name, Valid: min, max, Error: Low, High
+c_SET Value
a, +Gi, 200, 1300, 0, 1500
Table 7.17: Configuring the monitor starting condition
Setting
Explanation
Fct
Function of the variable
Abbrev. ..... Explanation
-................ deactivated
a............... activated
ChName
Name of the channel to be monitored
Vaild min, max
Definition of the valid monitoring range (lower & upper end)
Error Low, High
Lower & upper limits for generating an error
Table 7.18: Configuring the monitor starting condition
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7.5.2 Monitoring Channels (MON-1 – MON-8)
Eight measuring channels of the Sunny Boy Control Plus can be assigned to the eight
monitoring channels. Each monitoring channel (+Mon1 – +Mon8) can be allocated
different tolerances for generating warning and error messages. If all tolerances are
set to 0, no monitoring will take place. By defining only “Warning Low/High” values and leaving the “Error Low/High” values on 0, the monitoring channel will
generate warning messages only.
Hardware-Based Configuration
[MONITOR MON-1 ]
Function…
…activated
---------------Š
Name…
………+PR
Warning Low…
………………80%
Warning High…
………………95%
Error Low…
………………70%
Error High…
……………100%
Function of the monitoring channel
deactivated, activated, daily
Name of the channel to be monitored (the channel’s default unit
for the values below is displayed; here: %)
Warning if channel falls short of this value
Warning if channel exceeds this value
Error if channel falls short of this value
Error if channel exceeds this value
Fig. 7.22: Monitoring channel configuration
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Software-Based Configuration
Parameter
Channel
Value
+a_SET Choice
Variable VAR-1
+b_SET Help
Fct (-, a, d), Name, Warning: Low, High, Error: Low, High
+c_SET Value
a, +PR, 80, 95, 70, 100
Table 7.19: Configuration of variables
Setting
Explanation
Fct
Function of the variable
Abbrev. ..... Explanation
-................ deactivated
a............... activated
d............... daily
Name
Name of the channel to be monitored
Warning Low, High
Lower & upper limits for generating a warning
Error Low, High
Lower & upper limits for generating an error
Table 7.20: Configuration of variables
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Diagnostic Channels
For each activated monitoring channel, a diagnostic channel is automatically generated. The status of the diagnostic channels can be seen in the menu
"Main Menu…Realtime Data". If the monitoring channel is improperly set up (e.g.,
the channel to be monitored does not exist), the status "Cfg-Error"is displayed.
[SC:REALT. DATA]
:::
‡+Diag MONStart…
…OK
Š
+Diag MON-1…
…Warning Low
+Diag MON-2…
…OK
:::
Diagnosis of the monitor starting condition “MON-Start”
OK, Cfg-Error, to low, to high, Error Low, Error High
Diagnosis of the monitoring channel “MON-1”
OK, Cfg-Error, Warning Low, Warning High, Error Low, Error High
Diagnosis of the monitoring channel “MON-2”
OK, Cfg-Error, Warning Low, Warning High, Error Low, Error High
Fig. 7.23: Monitoring channel diagnosis
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7.6 “Profile 2” Application
Two default profiles (Profile 1 & Profile 2) can be loaded from
“Setup…Plus I/O…Plus-Function”. “Profile 1” deactivates the Plus functions and
resets all Plus settings to their factory defaults. “Profile 2” requires only an external
sensor (pyranometer or reference cell) to acquire module irradiation data. The following is an application example for “Profile 2”.
PV panel
Module insolation
Ambient temperature
°C
+Gi
SWR
1100
E
Photovolta
Photovoltaik-Stringwe
ic string chselrichte
inverter
r
+Tam
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
Pac
Powerline
PAC
1273
W
Sunny Boy
Control Plus
Fig. 7.24: Input parameters for “Profile 2”
The current system efficiency (+etaPV) and the daily energy yield (+PR) can be obtained by comparing and further computing the panel irradiation and the power output of the Sunny Boy inverters. These calculations require the system constants “+A”
(the module surface) and “+etaM” (the module efficiency).
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Parameters of Profile 2
Symbol
Explanation
Comment
Input parameters
Pac
Total system power output
Sum of the “Pac” of all Sunny Boys
(Note: Unit = kW)
+Gi
Module irradiation
Measured with pyranometer or reference cell
-+Tam
Ambient temperature
Measured with PT100
System constants
+A
Total module surface
Surface of all modules installed
+etaM
Module efficiency
approx. 0.9*etaSTC
Secondary (derived) parameters
+Eac
Yield
Derived from Pac
+Hi
Irradiation (energy)
Derived from +Gi
+Enom
Nominal (theoretical) yield
Derived from +Hi and +etaM
Resulting system characteristics
+etaPV
System efficiency
Current output & input power
+PR
Performance ratio
Daily yield at nominal yield
Table 7.21: Parameters of Profile 2
After loading Profile 2, the following variables have to be adjusted to the existing
system configuration.
•
Gain of Analog input 1: Signal conversion to W/m2, default = 150
•
+A : Module surface, default = 10 m2
•
+etaM: Module efficiency, default = 14 %
(usually approx. 0.9*etaM, STC-check module specifications; STC = Standard
Test Conditions)
•
+Mon1: Adjust tolerances to system performance.
No further settings and adjustments are necessary. All other parameters are calculated automatically.
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Analog Input Channels of Profile 2
Channel
Function
Name
Unit
Gain
Offset
Analog In1
10 V
+Gi
W/m2
150
0
Analog In7
°C
+Tam
°C
-
-
Table 7.22: Analog input channel settings of Profile 2
Variables of Profile 2
Channel
Fct.
Name
Unit
Formula
Variable 1
a
+A
m2
=10
Variable 2
a
+etaM
%
=14
Variable 5
a
+Eac
Wh
=INT([Pac]*1000) / 3.6E3
Variable 6
a
+Hi
Wh/m2d
=INT([+Gi] / 3.6E3)
Variable 7
a
+Enom
Wh
=([+Hi]*[+A]) * ([+etaM]/100)
Variable 15
a
+etaPV
%
=100*(([+Pac]*1000) / ([+Gi]*[+A]*)))
Variable 16
a
+PR
%
=100*([+Eac] / [+Enom])
Table 7.23: Variable settings of Profile 2
Monitoring Channels of Profile 2
Channel
Monitor START
Fct
.
a
ChName
+Gi
Valid
Error
Min
Max
Low
High
200
1350
0
1400
Table 7.24: Monitor starting condition of Profile 2
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The starting condition states that an analysis will take place only if irradiation (+Gi) is
within a range of 200–1,350 W/m². If the irradiation measured is below 0 W/m² or
above 1400 W/m², an error is immediately generated.
Channel
Fct.
ChName
Warning
Failures
Low
High
Low
High
Monitor 1
a
+etaPV
8
13
5
14
Monitor 2
d
+PR
80
98
70
100
Table 7.25: Monitoring settings of Profile 2
The monitoring of system efficiency (+etaPV) starts as soon as the starting condition is
met. Tolerance violations are signaled only if they persist longer than the tolerance
time for warnings (refer to section 6.2.4). The performance ratio (+PR) is evaluated
daily at 00:00 (midnight). The current value can be seen anytime on the Sunny Data
Control under “Realtime Data” or under Single Device Information in Sunny Data
Control.
Fig. 7.25: Single Device Information example for Profile 2
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8 Data Display and Configuration from a PC
On the rear side of the Sunny Boy Control, there are “COM” ports in addition to the
power supply connector “LINE”. A PC running Sunny Data Control can be connected
to the “PC (COM2)” connector of the Sunny Boy Control. See below for details.
The Windows-based program Sunny Data Control offers a graphical user interface as
well as many of the useful features typical of the Windows operating system. This
program also makes it possible to update the firmware of the Sunny Boy Control (refer to Fig. 8.1).
Sunny Boy
Control
PAC
SWR
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringwe
Photovoltaic
string
chselrichter
inverter
SWR
Betrieb
Operation
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringwe
Photovoltaic
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
string
chselrichter
inverter
Störung
Failure
SWR
Betrieb
Operation
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringwe
Photovoltaic
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
string
chselrichter
inverter
Störung
Failure
1273
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
PAC
SWR
SWR
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringwe
Photovoltaic
string
chselrichter
inverter
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringwe
Photovoltaic
Betrieb
Operation
string
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
chselrichter
inverter
Betrieb
Operation
SWR
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringwe
Photovoltaic
string
Störung
Failure
Störung
Failure
W
Betrieb
Operation
chselrichter
inverter
1273
W
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
PAC
SWR
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringwe
Photovoltaic
string
chselrichter
inverter
SWR
Betrieb
Operation
SWR
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringwe
Photovoltaic
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
string
Störung
Failure
chselrichter
inverter
Betrieb
Operation
1100E
Photovoltaik-Stringwe
Photovoltaic
string
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
chselrichter
inverter
1273
W
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
Störung
Failure
RS485
RS485
RS232
RS485
RS485 / RS232
interface converter
PC
Sunny Boy
Control
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
SWR
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
string
Störung
Failure
inverterlrichter
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
Betrieb
Operation
string
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
inverterlrichter
PAC
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
Störung
Failure
1273
W
RS232
Powerline
PC with
Modem
Sunny Boy
Control
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
SWR
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
string
Störung
Failure
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
PAC
Modem
1273
W
RS232
Telephone
network
Fig. 8.1: Various configurations using a PC and Sunny Data Control
If the Sunny Boy Control is connected to a PC via a modem, the modem can also be
used to transmit messages. While it will not be possible to connect to the Sunny Boy
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Control while a message is being transmitted, messages are not allowed interrupt a
active connection between Sunny Data Control and the Sunny Boy Control; instead,
they are retained until the modem is available again.
Fig. 8.2: Graphical user interface of Sunny Data Control
The daily energy value and measuring channel data from a Sunny Boy Control can
be acquired and evaluated using a PC and Sunny Data Control. In addition, Sunny
Data Control can be used to display and modify the configuration of a Sunny Boy
Control. The Sunny Data Control functionality is independent of the type of connection between the PC and the Sunny Boy Control (serial interface, RS485, or modem).
For further information on how to use Sunny Data Control, refer to the Sunny Data
Control manual.
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Parameters
Data
Explanation
AC_... Alarm Contact
AC_Default Switch
Contact 1_1
Relay default switch: 1_1, 1_2
AC_Errors
ON
Alarm contact “”ON/OFF” for errors
AC_Speaker
deactivated
Beeper signals errors/warnings
AC_Warnings
ON
Alarm contact “”ON/OFF” for warnings
MK_DisplayFlash
activated
Display light flashes if error
CO_… / KO_... Communication
CO_Buffer
2 cycles
Number of cycles for buffering the measuring data
CO_CmdRetry
1 times
Number of packet repeats in case of an error
CO_CmdTimeout
4000ms
Max. timespan that the Sunny Boy Control
will wait for an answer from a device
CO_COM1
PowerLine
Type of interface for COM1
CO_COM1 Baud
1200Baud
Rate of transmission to PV system
CO_COM2
RS232
Type of interface for COM2
CO_COM2-Baud
19200Baud
Rate of transmission to PC
KO_COM1-Prot.
Sunny-Net
Transmission protocol used
KO_COM2-Prot.
Sunny-Net
Transmission protocol used
KO_COM3
RS232
Type of interface for COM3 (Plus only)
KO_COM3-Baud
19200Baud
Rate of transmission for COM3 (Plus only)
KO_COM3-Prot.
Sunny-Net
Transmission protocol used (Plus only)
KO_NET….
Refer to the NET Piggy-Back manual “NETPB-13:EE”
DA_... Data Archive
DA_Data Reading
ON
Data acquisition “ON/OFF”’
DA_Max. Storage
51.42 days
Remaining storage capacity
DA_Meas. Interval
15.00 min
Data-archiving interval
DA_Storage
ON
“ON/OFF” when system is active, “24h” if permanent
E-Mail (refer to the NET Piggy-Back manual “NETPB-13:EE”)
ED_... External Display
ED_InterfacePort
deactivated
Interface for external display
ED_TYPE
HvG
External display model
ES_... Switching Contact
ES_Default Switch
Contact 2_1
Relay default switch: 2_1, 2_2
ES_Minimum Time
60.00 min
Minimum switch-on time of switching contact
ES_Poff
0.00 kW
Switch-off tolerance of switching contact
ES_Pon
0.00 kW
Switch-on tolerance of switching contact
ES_Power Switch
deactivated
Switching contact power management activated/deactivated
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Parameters
Data
Explanation
ES_Time Switch
deactivated
Time management activated/deactivated
ES_Toff
0:00
Time management switch-off time
ES_Tolerance
15.00 min
Switching contact switch-on tolerance
ES_Ton
0:00
Time management switch-on time
FI_... Remote Info
(some parameters optional or depend on NET Piggy-Back installed)
General
FI_Company/Name
COMPANY
XYZ-SOLAR
Remote Info recipient, line 2
FI_Plant Name1
MY PLANT
Remote Info sender, line 1
FI_Plant Name2
Remote Info sender, line 2
FI_Plant-Info
Daily report
Remote Info Plant Info daily/activated
FI_Recipient
JOHN Q. PUBLIC
Remote Info recipient, line 1
FI_Report-Error
Hourly report
Remote Info error report
FI_Report-Warnings
Daily report
Remote Info warning report daily/deactivated
FI_Send at
18.00
Remote Info send time for daily report
activated
Remote Info activated/deactivated
Fax
FI_FAX
FI_Phone Number
Remote Info recipient fax number
FI_Plant PhoneNo
+45 123 1234567890
Remote Info recipient ID
MO_ Modem-Init2
ATS0=1+IFC=0,0
Modem init string
MO_ Modem-Init3
ATS28=128&D0%E1&W
Modem init string
MO_... Modem (not available with use of NET Piggy-Back)
MO_Dialmode
Tone dialing
Modem dial mode: pulse/tone
MO_Interface
deactivated
Modem interface: ---, COM2
MO_Modem-Init1
AT&FE0V1X1Q0L2M2
Modem init string
MO_Type
Hayes
Modem type used
PL_AddDevice
0
Adds device whose serial number is indicated.
PL_Auto-Install
deactivated
Activated: Sunny Boy Control automatically
searches for devices.
PL_DelDevice
0
Removes device whose serial number is indicated
PL_Energy_Offset
0.00 kWh
Energy offset value for E-total
SY_Firmware
4.xx Version
Installed firmware
SY_Gatewaymode
automatic
Device characteristics when forwarding packet requests
SY_Idle Mode
activated
Stand-by mode activated/deactivated
PL_... PV System
SY_... System
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Parameters
Data
Explanation
SY_Language
english
Display language: German/English/French
SY_Memory Function
---
Reset parameters/measuring channels (user)
SY_Service Function
---
Reset system, cancel errors (Inst.)
SY_System Time
1059126885s
System time in seconds since 1/1/1970
TO_Communication
50.00 %
Tolerance for communication errors
TO_Energy
50.00 %
Energy yield deviation tolerance for a device
TO_Offline
30.00 min
Offline tolerance for a device
TO_Riso Failure
500 kOhm
Minimum insulation resistance for generating warning message
TO_Warning Time
15.00 min
Tolerance for generating warning message
TO_… Tolerance
Table 8.1: List of parameters
Configuring “Plus” Functions
Parameters
+a_SET Choice
Explanation
Selecting the “Plus” channel to be processed
+b_SET Help
Help texts regarding user “choice”
+c_SET Value
Current setting of the “Plus” channel selected under “Choice”
+d_SET Plus-Function
Storing, canceling, loading default profiles (only for “Plus” settings)
Table 8.2: Additional parameters for Sunny Boy Control Plus
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Fig. 8.3: Configuring parameters using Sunny Data Control
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9 Failures
9.1 Messages and Their Causes
Refer to the following explanations whenever the Sunny Boy Control displays error or
warning messages. In most cases, you will find useful advice here on how to eliminate the problem. Otherwise, you may also contact the Sunny Boy Hotline (refer to
section “11.4 Contact Information” at the end of this document).
Device Failure Warning: “dev. troubled”
[
WARNING
]
[03: WR700-07 ]
dev. troubled…
…dZac-Bfr
Device ID: device model
Cause of the failure
Fig. 9.1: Example of device failure
Whenever a device reports a failure, refer to the manual of the device.
Communication Warning: “Communication OK-Spot20”
[
WARNING
]
[03: WR700-07 ]
Communication…
…OK-Spot20 74%
Device ID: device model
Communication quality of last 20 packets
Fig. 9.2: Example of communication warning
The last 20 data packets to a device were ignored (Spot20).
Causes:
•
•
•
User Manual
Device defective or incorrectly installed.
Temporary failure of data communication line
“Communication” tolerance setting is too low (refer to section 6.3.1).
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Offline Warning: “no contact since hh:mm”
[
WARNING
[03: WR700-07
no contact
since 14:15
]
]
Device ID: device model
Time since which device could no longer be reached
Fig. 9.3: Example of offline warning
The device has been out of reach for too long.
Causes:
•
•
•
•
Device is defective or incorrectly installed.
Communication is interrupted.
“Offline” tolerance setting is too low (refer to section 6.2.4).
Search for the cause using the function “Diagnostics…Communication”
(refer to section 5.2).
Communication Failure: “Communication OK-total”
[
FAILURE
]
[03: WR700-07 ]
Communication…
…OK-total 92%
Device ID: device model
Communication quality for entire day
Fig. 9.4: Example of communication failure
The number of communication errors exceeded the tolerance. At least 100 packets
are required for processing.
Causes:
•
•
•
Device defective or incorrectly installed.
Failure of data communication line
“Communication” tolerance setting is too low (refer to section 6.2.4).
Search for the cause using the function “Diagnostics…Communication” (refer to
section 5.2).
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Energy Yield Error: “Yield output xx %”
[
FAILURE
]
[03: WR700-07 ]
Yield output…
………………48%
Device ID: device model
Minimum yield expected compared with the daily system average
Fig. 9.5: Example of energy yield error
The device’s energy yield was below the tolerance.
•
Device defective or incorrectly installed.
•
“Energy” tolerance setting is too low (refer to section 6.2.4).
24 Hour Offline Error: “no communication for 24h”
[
FAILURE
]
[03: WR700-07 ]
no communication
for 24h
Device ID: device model
Device could not be reached for a whole day.
Fig. 9.6: Example of offline error
The device has been out of touch for a whole day. Data processing takes place at
00:00 (midnight).
Causes:
•
Device is defective or incorrectly installed.
•
Communication is interrupted.
•
Search for the cause using the function “Diagnostics…Communication”
(refer to section 5.2).
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Monitoring Warning/Error (“Plus” Function)
[
WARNING
Monitoring
Lower Limit…
…+etaPV
]
Warning or error
Out of lower or upper end of range
Name of the monitored channel
Fig. 9.7: Example of monitoring warning
If the values for the channel being monitored are out of the defined range, a message is generated. The warning/error message indicates whether the lower or upper
end of the range was violated.
Fax Warning/Error: Fax message to recipient not possible
The Sunny Boy Control was not able to send the message to the recipient.Causes:
•
The modem is incorrectly installed.
•
The phone line is interrupted.
•
The recipient is not picking up.
Check the connections and installation of the modem. (This message is not displayed
on the device.)
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9.2 Troubleshooting Powerline Communication
Powerline communication with Sunny Boy inverters is based on the “frequency shift
keying” principle, according to which digital information is coded by shifting the frequency.
Grid voltage (e. g. 230 V / 50 Hz)
U[V] 400
300
200
100
0
-100
t[ms]
0
5
10
15
20
-200
-300
-400
Resulting digital signal
1
0
Fig. 9.8: Principle of Powerline communication
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9.2.1 Transmission Failures
Causes:
•
Transmission signal strongly dampened
−
Transmission line too long
−
Adverse cable layout
•
Signal damping caused by other electrical devices
−
Anti-interference capacitors such as those found in fluorescent lamps
•
Insufficient phase coupling
−
Sunny Boy Control and Sunny Boy inverters connected to different phases
−
Interference from external communication signals
−
Baby monitors etc. in the neighborhood
•
Interference from your own communication signals
−
Baby monitor
−
Intercom etc.
All of the above sources affect the quality of the transmission, but they do not necessarily prevent Powerline communication. While in one household Powerline communication may be possible without a problem over several phases and a 90 m / 300 ft
line, in another one, there may be strong interference over a single phase and a
30 m / 100 ft line.
The following sections explain the most common causes for Powerline communication
failures and give possible countermeasures aimed at suppressing interference. In case
of a transmission failure between the Sunny Boy Control and a connected device,
refer to these sections first, and then try to find the source of the failure by carrying
out the steps described in section 9.2.2.
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Transmission signal strongly dampened
Most frequently, transmission failures result from a damping of the carrier signal. The
reason may be that the distance between the inverters and the Sunny Boy Control is
too long, but most often, it is the presence of other electric devices connected to the
same line. Devices with a high input capacity can strongly dampen the carrier signal,
regardless of whether the device is switched on or not. Examples of such devices are:
washers, dryers, ranges, microwave ovens, PCs, and fluorescent lamps.
The easiest countermeasure is to connect the troubling device to another line and/or
another phase (refer to 1. in Fig. 9.9). Another possibility is to install an antiinterference filter in the power supply line to the troubling device (refer to 2. in
Fig. 9.9).
In the rare event that the cable length or layout should be the cause for the transmission failure, it may be necessary to install a separate line from the inverters to the
Sunny Boy Control (refer to 3. in Fig. 9.9).
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
SWR
Betrieb
Operation
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
3. Branch line
House distribution
2. Device
filter
interfering
device
Connection
to utility
1. reconnect
to another phase
Sunny Boy
Control
PAC
1273
W
Fig. 9.9: Interference suppression in case of strong signal damping
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Phase Coupling
When the communication path spans several phases, strong signal damping or a loss
of communication range should be expected. If a string inverter is connected to a
different phase (e.g., L2) than the Sunny Boy Control (e.g., L1), which we do not
recommend, data transmission will be possible only if the phases are coupled at sufficiently high frequency. In many households, this is taken care of by three-phase appliances such as ranges, ACs, and heaters.
Although the transmission may be improved by installing a phase coupler in the
power distribution, communication over several phases remains a problem due to the
following:
•
•
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
The detour via the phase coupler results in a longer transmission path.
High-frequency coupling of phases boosts the damping effect of electrical
devices connected to the different phases.
SWR
Betrieb
Operation
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
Störung
Failure
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
House distribution
Phase coupler
L1
Connection
to utility
Sub-distribution
Phase coupler
L1
L2
L3
L3
Sunny Boy
Control
PAC
1273
W
Fig. 9.10: Interference suppression in case of phase coupling
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Noise Signals in the Power Distribution
Data transmission uses a frequency of 132 kHz. If other devices generate signals in
the same range and above a certain level, they may interfere with the transmission.
Such noise signals can come from devices in your own household (e.g., poorly filtered power converters), but also from devices in the neighborhood (e.g., highconsumption power equipment).
Interference is best eliminated by isolating its source. Connecting the source of interference to another phase may be all that is needed. Alternatively, a wave trap may
be installed. Such a filter separates the part of the power network where the data
transmission takes place from the part of the power network where the interference is
generated. The efficiency of the wave trap can be further improved by installing a
frequency damper between the wave trap and the interfering device.
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
SWR
Betrieb
Operation
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
inverterlrichter
Störung
Failure
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
Betrieb
Operation
string
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
Störung
Failure
Sunny Boy
Control
PAC
Damping
module
1273
W
D
House distribution
Connection
to utility
Block filter
Fig. 9.11: Interference suppression in case of strong noise
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Multiple communication networks using the same frequency
The Sunny Boy Control uses a carrier frequency of 132 kHz for data transmission. If
other communication systems feed the same or a similar frequency into the power
network, exceeding a certain level, that may disturb the data transmission of the
Sunny Boy Control. Intercoms, baby monitors, etc. are possible culprits. Such devices
are also likely to interfere with each other.
In this case, as with devices that generate noise, the best solution is to separate the
transmission paths. However, in this case, it is not desirable to dampen the interfering
signal, since all communication systems have to be allowed to operate simultaneously. Instead, at least one of the communication systems should be restricted to one
phase or line. Installing a wave trap can then ensure that no high-frequency signals
are entering or leaving this part of the power network. In the presence of strong
phase coupling, each communication system may have to be isolated as described
above. Adding frequency dampers that complement the wave trap may further improve the situation, but they should only be installed to parts of power network where
no transmission signals are desired.
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
inverterlrichter
SWR
Betrieb
Operation
SWR
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
string
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
inverterlrichter
1100E
PhotovoltaikPhotovoltaic Stringwechse
Betrieb
Operation
string
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
inverterlrichter
Betrieb
Operation
Erdschluss
Earth
Fault
Störung
Failure
Störung
Failure
Störung
Failure
Sunny Boy
Control
PAC
Damping
module
1273
W
D
House distribution
Connection
to utility
Block filter
Interfering device
Fig. 9.12: Suppressing interference from multiple communication systems
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9.2.2 Noise suppression
When Powerline communication is temporarily interrupted or cannot even be established, the causing interference has to be suppressed from the transmission line as
follows:
Identify the noise source(s)
•
Ideally, the starting point of this procedure should be an operational
transmission. To that effect, you should disconnect all electric devices that
are sharing the same line as the Sunny Boy Control. Often it is not enough
to just switch them off. Do not leave out three-phase appliances. If possible, switch off the fuses of the remaining circuits in the house. Next, using
an extension cord, connect the Sunny Boy Control to the outlet nearest the
inverter in terms of wire length.
•
Start the function "Diagnosis…Communication" (see chapter 5) and select the device to be monitored. The Sunny Boy Control now tries to communicate with the device and continuously informs you about the transmission results so that you can immediately identify transmission failures.
•
Plug the extension cord into other outlets on the line that you are analyzing, gradually increasing the distance to the inverter, and each time check
whether the transmission is still operational. A communication failure within
a distance of less than 90 m / 100 ft to the inverter indicates interference
from devices outside of the house. The countermeasure in this case consists
of a wave trap installed to the main branch.
•
Now switch the house circuits back on one by one and check if any communication failures occur.
•
In the case of a communication failure, disconnect one by one all electric
devices on the circuit that caused the failure, in order to identify the disturbing device.
•
Leave any disturbing devices disconnected and continue switching circuits
back on and reconnecting devices until all devices, except the disturbing
ones, are reconnected.
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Optimize the installation
•
Check whether the interference from troubling devices can be sufficiently
reduced by simply connecting them to another circuit and/or phase.
•
Installing a spur line from the Sunny Boy Control to the inverter(s) can help
reduce the need for costly filters in installations suffering from heavy noise.
Filter the noise
•
Provide the section of the electric installation that is used for Powerline
communication with a wave trap.
•
Connect a suitable filter to devices that are still interfering (refer to section
11.1 Accessories”).
Reduce external interference by installing a frequency damper in a section of the
electric installation where no Powerline communication takes place.
Systematically following the above procedure will give you a clear overview of the
number and types of noise sources interfering with your transmission.
Add-on components such as wave traps, phase couplers, filters, and
dampers are commercially available products. You can purchase them
either from electrical suppliers or from SMA. Their installation takes
place in your home and must be performed by a qualified electrician.
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Checking Communication With the Inverter
With the function “Diagnostics…Communication”, you can analyze transmission
failures between individual devices and the Sunny Boy Control. Press [ENTER] to
select the device to be analyzed.
[COMMUNICATION ]
01: WR700-08
02: WR700-08
03: WR700-07 Š
04: WR700-07
Device ID: device model
Fig. 9.13: Device selection screen
The Sunny Boy Control starts sending data inquiries to the selected device and continuously evaluates the transmission quality.
[02:COMMUNICAT.]
‡OK…
99%
Packets… 10233
Errors…
123Š
Level…………1000mV
Device ID: communication
Percentage of correctly transmitted data packets
Signal level for Powerline communication
Fig. 9.14: Communication test
The continuously displayed information comprises the percentage of correctly transmitted packages (based on the last 20 data packets), the number of requested data
packets, the number of errors, and the signal level.
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9.2.3 Communication
Measuring communication distance
If the length of the transmission line between the devices of the plant and the device
for data acquisition (PC with SWR-COM and Sunny Data or Sunny Boy Control) is
unknown, this distance can be measured with a Sunny Boy Control and a PC with
SWR-COM and Sunny Data. You can thus test the quality of Powerline communication before installing the system.
The Sunny Boy Control has to be plugged in the same socket as the PC with Sunny
Data . Switch the data acquisition of the Sunny Boy Control off:
’Setup…System…Service Funct.: reset system’. Confirm
twice with
[ENTER]. The Sunny Boy Control will start the Plug & Play sequence the next time it is
activated.
If the Sunny Boy Control is brand-new it is sufficient to simply switch it on without any
further action.
The PC with Sunny Data now has to be prepared for the test by selecting the option
‘Detect SWR’. After successful detection the Sunny Boy Control is to be placed at the
end of the distance to be measured. The number of packages and the resulting calculated quality of transmission in per cent can be seen in Sunny Data version 1.30 and
higher under the option: ‘SWR transmission statistics’.
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10 Technical Data and Settings
10.1 Technical Data
Hardware
Operating voltage:
110 – 120 V, 50 – 60 Hz (for UL devices)
110 – 240 V, 50 – 60 Hz (for all versions other than
UL)
Power consumption:
During operation:
4 – 6 W (Sunny Boy Control)
9 – 11 W (Sunny Boy Control Plus)
(depending on the number
of Sunny Boys connected)
In stand-by mode:
3 W (Sunny Boy Control)
8 W (Sunny Boy Control Plus)
Carrier frequency for
Powerline communication:
132.45 kHz
Transmission protocol:
DIN EN 50065 part 1 (VDE 0808 part 1)
Operating temperature:
-13 – 122 °F (-25 – 50 °C)
Measurements:
234 x 127 x 68 mm / 9.2 x 5 x 2.7 in.
(Sunny Boy Control)
234 x 127 x 88 mm / 9.2 x 5 x 3.5 in.
(Sunny Boy Control Plus)
Display:
4 x 16 characters
Weight:
1,400 g / 49.4 oz. (Sunny Boy Control)
1,750 g / 61.7 oz. (Sunny Boy Control Plus)
Protection:
IP40
Fuse:
automatic overload protection, 365 V / 90 mA
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Connectors:
•
Power / Powerline:
2 m / 2 yd. grounded power cord
•
NET:
Phone line or computer network
(as per order)
•
PC (COM2):
RS232 or RS485 (as per order)
for connection of the following:
a PC, an external display or a modem
•
SUNNY BOY (COM1):
Optional system connection via RS485
(instead of Powerline communication)
•
RELAIS OUT:
Relay contacts
Additional connectors on Sunny Boy Control Plus:
AUX (COM3):
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RS232 or RS485 (as per order)
for connection of a PC or external display
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ANALOG IN:
DB25 connector
Overvoltage protection:
±15 – ±35 V
Input coupling:
DC, 1 MOhm
6 analog inputs:
Measuring range (accuracy):
-10 – +10 V
(0.1 %)
-5 – +5 V
(0.3 %)
-1 – +1 V
(0.3 %)
-500 – +500 mV
(0.3 %)
-100 – +100 mV
(0.3 %)
-50 – +50 mV
(0.3 %)
-20 – +20 mV
(0.3 %)
-10 – +10 mV
(0.5 %)
-20 – +20 mA
(0.2 %)
2 analog inputs
PT100:
4-wire measuring
Measuring range:
A/D converter
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-40 – +140 °C (1 %)
Resolution: 16 bit
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DIGITAL IN/OUT:
DB25 connector
External 24 V power supply:
Input voltage:
Overvoltage protection:
8 digital inputs:
Compatible with SO interface
Max. voltage:
Max. amperage:
Max. switching frequency:
“Switched on” condition:
“Switched off” condition:
8 digital outputs:
Short circuit/overheat protection
Max. output amperage:
Output voltage:
User Manual
14 – 18 V AC, max. 0.5 A or
18 – 27 V DC, max. 2 A
(1 A per pin)
±36 V
Reverse voltage protection
27 V DC
27 mA DC
200 Hz
>10 V
<5V
500 mA per channel
max. 2 A total
18 – 24 V
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10.2 Storage Capacity
The Sunny Boy Control can manage up to 50 SMA inverters of up to 10 different
types (e.g., SWR700-4, SWR700-8, SWR850-8, or SWR1500-8). The storage capacity for acquired data depends on the number of inverters and on the configuration.
The storage capacity for daily yield values covers at least one year per inverter.
The remaining memory is used for the storage of measuring channels. The storage
depth (number of days until the oldest values are overwritten) depends on the set
number of measuring channels and the set measuring interval. This storage capacity is
based on an average daily recording time of 12 hours.
Number of measuring intervals per day based on a daily recording time of 12 hours:
Measuring interval
5 min.
10 min.
15 min.
30 min.
60 min.
Number of
daily measurements
144
72
48
24
12
Table 10.1: Number of daily measuring intervals
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The combination of the number of measuring channels and measuring intervals results
in the following storage capacities.
Measuring channel storage capacity
Channels
Cycles
Spot values2
Measuring interval
1–5 inv. 50 inv.
5 min. 10 min. 15 min. 30 min. 60 min. 120 min.
Hours (approx.)
Days
1
19255
27
321
134
267
401
802
1605
3209
2
15906
22
265
110
221
331
663
1326
2651
3
13550
19
226
94
188
282
565
1129
2258
4
11801
16
197
82
165
246
492
983
1967
5
10453
15
174
73
145
218
436
871
1742
10
6652
9
111
46
92
139
277
554
1109
15
4878
7
81
34
68
102
203
406
813
20
3851
5
64
27
53
80
160
321
642
25
3181
4
53
22
44
66
133
265
530
50
1702
2
28
12
24
35
71
142
284
100
882
1,2
15
6
12
18
37
73
147
150
595
0,8
10
4
8
12
25
50
99
200
449
0,6
7
3
6
9
19
37
75
250
360
0,5
6
3
5
8
15
30
60
Table 10.2: Storage depth in hours and days
Changing channels reduces the current storage capacity by approximately 0.5 % per
configuration change.
If a Sunny Boy Control manages 50 devices, the preset settings (3 channels per device, 15-minute measuring interval) result in a storage depth of about 12 days.
2
Saving time for 1–5 inverters: 5 seconds
Saving time for 50 inverters: 60 seconds
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If an interval of 0 minutes is set, the Sunny Boy Control saves realtime values without
averaging. Depending on the number of connected devices and selected measuring
channels, this could reduce the storage capacity to just a few hours.
10.3 Default Parameter Settings
The following are the Sunny Boy Control’s factory settings.
Menu “Setup…System”:
Parameter
Setting
Stand-by mode
activated
Gatewaymode
automatic
Table 10.3: Default settings in the “System” menu
Menu “Setup…System…Online-Info…Chan. Select.…SC…”:
SC (Sunny Boy Control)
Pac
E-total
E-today
Status
Table 10.4: Preset Online-Info channels
Menu “Setup…Interfaces…Communication”:
Item
Parameter
Setting
Sunny Boy (COM1)
Type
Powerline
Baudrate
1200 Baud
Protocol
Sunny-Net
Type
RS232
Baudrate
19200 Baud
Protocol
SMA-Net
PC (COM2)
Table 10.5: Default communication settings
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During its self-test, the Sunny Boy Control automatically detects the installed interfaces
(RS232, RS485, Powerline). Data transmission is always 8 data bits, no parity, and
one stop bit. The Baud rate can be changed only for the RS232 interface.
Menu “Setup…Modem/Fax…Modem”:
Interface
deactivated
Device model
Hayes
Init-String
AT&FE0V1X0Q0L2M1
ATS0=1
AT&D0&W
Dialmode
tone (MFW)
Table 10.6: Default modem settings
Menu “Setup…Interfaces…Ext. Display”:
Interface
deactivated
Type
EnergieCom
Configuration
Display
Display
Display
Display
Display
Display
01:
02:
03:
04:
05:
06:
SC:Pac 4.0
SC:E-total 4.0
SC:E-today 4.0
SC:Pac 6.2
SC:E-total 6.2
SC:E-today 6.2
Table 10.7: Default external display settings
Menu “Setup…System”:
Parameter
Setting
Measuring interval
15.00 min
Table 10.8: Default settings in the “DAS Config” menu
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Menu “Setup…DAS Config…Chan. Select.”:
Device
Channel
Explanation
SunBC
Pac
SunBC
E-total
Each device
Pac
Current device power
Each device
Upv-Ist
PV voltage of device
Each device
E-total
Total device yield
Total system power
Total system yield
Table 10.9: Default channel selection
Menu “Setup…System…Tolerances”:
Parameter
Setting
Warnings
15.00 min
Offline
30.00 min
Energy
50.00 %
Communication
50.00 %
RIso
500 kOhm
Table 10.10: Default tolerances
Menu “Setup…Modem/Fax…Modem…Remote-Info…FAX-Info”:
Submenu
Events
Recipient
Sender
Parameter
Setting
FAX-Info
deactivated
system info
daily report
Warnings
daily report
Failures
hourly report
Send at
23:45
Company/Name
ABC SOLAR
MR. J. SMITH
Area code
-
Phone Number
-
Plant Name
MY SYSTEM
Plant PhoneNo
+49 123 123456789
Table 10.11: Default FAX-Info settings
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Restoring Factory Defaults (Reset System)
Follow these steps to restore the Sunny Boy Control’s factory default settings. Because
this deletes the entire configuration, it can only be performed after entering the installer password.
•
Enter the installer password under “Setup…Password”.
•
Set the parameter “Setup…System…Service Funct.” to “reset system”,
and then press [ENTER] twice.
The Sunny Boy Control deletes all data and automatically restarts in the “Plug&Play”
mode.
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10.4 AT Commands
The AT commands listed in Table 10.12: are the default parameters for modem initialization. They can be used to alter the init string according to specific requirements
(see section “3.3 Modem Connection”).
Explanation
ELSA
Microlink
33K
ELSA/Devolo
Microlink
56ki
Zyxel /
Hayes
Standard
Load factory settings
&F
&F
&F
Disable character echo in command state
E0
E0
E0
Display result code in verbose form
V1
V1
V1
Ignore dial tone/busy tone
X0
X0
X0
Return result code
Q0
Q0
Q0
Speaker on medium level (optional)
L2
L2
L2
Speaker always on (optional)
M1
M2
M2
Automatic answer after 1 ring
S0=1
S0=1
S0=1
-
+IFC=0,0
-
&D0
&D0
&D0
-
%E1
&W
&W
Flow control between PC and modem disabled
(no handshake)
Ignore DTR status change
Automatic re-synchronization on
Save extended configuration profile (0)
&W
Table 10.12: AT commands
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Explanation
Class2
Class2.0
Set local ID string (e.g., +49 561 9522100)
+FLID=“ID-String“
+FLI=“ID-String“
Set transfer parameters (196 dpi)
+FDIS=1
+FIS=1,5,0,0,0,0
Stipulate inverse bit sequence
+FBOR=1
+FEA
Set fax operation according to class 2.0
+FCLASS=2
+FCLASS=2.0
Dial Pulse
ATP
ATP
Dial Tone
ATT
ATT
Select build-up of connection
ATD
ATD
Initialization of (data) transmission
+FDT
+FDT
No further pages
+FET=2
+FKS
Interrupt existing connection
H0
H0
Table 10.13: Additional commands for fax operation (cannot be changed)
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11 Appendix
11.1 Accessories (optional)
User Manual
SMA No.
232PB-SBCO-NR
Description
RS232 Kit for
Sunny Boy Control (COM1/COM2) and
Sunny Boy Control Plus (COM1/COM2/COM3)
485PB-SBCO-NR
RS232 Kit for
Sunny Boy Control (COM1/COM2) and
Sunny Boy Control Plus (COM1/COM2/COM3)
NETPB-ANA-NR
NET Piggy-Back Analog Kit
incl. Installation at SMA
(Installation only at SMA possible!)
NETPB-DIG-NR
NET Piggy-Back Digital / ISDN Kit
incl. Installation at SMA
(Installation only at SMA possible!)
NETPB-GSM-NR
NET Piggy-Back GSM Kit
incl. Installation at SMA
(Installation only at SMA possible!)
NETPB-ETH-NR
NET Piggy-Back Ethernet Kit
incl. Installation at SMA
(Installation only at SMA possible!)
SBCOP-DIG-KIT
Digital IN/OUT terminal strip with female DB25
connector for Sunny Boy Control Plus
(includes 1-to-1DB25 cable, male/female,
length: 0.5 m / 1.7 ft)
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SBCOP-ANA-KIT
Analog IN terminal strip with male DB25 connector for Sunny Boy Control Plus
(includes 1-to-1DB25 cable, male/female,
length: 0.5 m / 1.7 ft)
RSU 485
RS485/RS232 converter
(includes RS232 cable, length: 1.8 m / 6 ft,
RS485 connector/RS232 male DB9 connector)
36-5001
1.5 m / 5 ft cable for PC connection to
Sunny Boy Control, null modem cable
(female DB9/female DB9)
36-5010
DB9-to-DB25 adapter
(male DB9, female DB25)
SBCR-ST
Relay contact connector (includes housing,
DB, solder terminal)
For Home Power Installation
User Manual
SMA No.
60-1460
Description
Phase coupler (3 phases) for Powerline communication
60-1461
Wave trap (1 phase, max. 63 A) for Powerline
communication
SWR-PLC-FILTER
Powerline communication filter
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11.2 Warranty & Liability
Should this product prove to be defective or malfunction during the warranty period,
contact your dealer or installer.
Warranty
The warranty period is 24 months from the date of purchase of the device by the
end user, and ends no later than 30 months after the device was shipped by SMA.
The warranty covers all defects caused by faults in the material and manufacture.
The warranty period for repairs or replacements provided under warranty is
12 months after delivery of the repaired/replacement device, or until the expiration
of the original warranty period for the purchased device.
Proof of Purchase
For warranty service by SMA, the returned device must be received by SMA together with a copy of the dealer’s invoice, and the type label on the device must be
fully legible. Otherwise, SMA reserves the right to refuse warranty services.
Conditions
SMA will repair or replace the device at its own discretion and without issuing an
invoice for labor and materials.
The returned device is to be sent back to SMA in the original packing or one of
equal quality at the owner’s expense. In case of service under warranty, SMA will
bear the shipping costs.
SMA must be granted the necessary time to perform the warranty service.
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Liability Exemptions
SMA declines any liability for direct or consequential damages due to any of the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Transportation damage
Improper installation or setup
Unauthorized alterations, modifications, or repair
Inappropriate use or operation
Violation of relevant safety regulations
Natural disasters (lightning, overvoltage, storm, fire)
SMA cannot guarantee proper transmission via Powerline communication in electric networks with high harmonic distortion or high-frequency
line distortions, such as industrial power supply networks, or in the
neighborhood of abnormal consumers (unshielded motors, transformers,
converters, etc.). Since the simultaneous operation of baby monitors and
the like may lead to occasional data transmission failures, the option of
RS232 or RS485 communication via a separate data line is offered.
SMA cannot be held responsible for software malfunctions. In the event of such a
fault, the purveyance of instructions on how to avoid the effects of the fault is to be
considered a sufficient rectification of the fault. The customer is solely responsible for
properly selecting, using, and monitoring the software as well as for the consequences of its use.
Any further claims for direct or consequential damages and reparations, even in the
case of breach of contract, are excluded, except where prescribed by law.
Consequential Damages
Under no circumstance will SMA accept any liability for damages resulting from the
use of a Sunny Boy Control, including but not limited to direct and indirect damages
resulting from the use of the hardware, personal damages, loss of profit, interruption
of business, loss of data, or financial losses.
In the case where the maker is legally compelled to accept such liability, it must be
limited to the actual cost born by the claimant.
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Trademarks
Sunny Boy and SMA are registered trademarks of SMA Technologie AG.
SMA recognizes all trademarks mentioned in this manual.
11.3 Suppliers
Sunny Boy Products, HvG External Displays, Sensors
Sales SMA Solar Technology,
Rosendahl Industrievertretungen,
Adolf-Dembach-Straße 1
47829 Krefeld,
Germany
Phone +49 2151 456789-0,
E-mail: info@rosendahl-energietechnik.de,
www.rosendahl-energietechnik.de
External Displays
ist EnergieCom GmbH, Tel. +49 821 34666-0, www.ist-energiecom.de
Datalite Electronics Europe, Tel. +31 35 5317547, www.datalite.nl
Siebert Industrieelektronik GmbH, Tel. +49 6806 980-0, www.siebert.de
Rico Electronic Design, Tel. +49 7651-5848, www.rico-electronic.com
Ingenieurbüro Brennpunkt, Tel. +49 30 2201-5611, www.brennpunkt-energie.de
Adaptive Micro Systems Deutschland GmbH,Tel. +49 681 90 66 629,
www.ams-e.com
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Modems
devolo AG, Tel. +49 241-1827979, www.devolo.de
ZyXEL Deutschland, Tel. +49 180-5213247, www.zyxel.de
Siemens AG, www.siemens.de
Accessories for Home Power Installations
Busch-Jäger Elektro GmbH, Tel. +49 180 5669900, www.busch-jaeger.de
RS232/M-Bus Converters
Relay GmbH, Tel. +49 5251 1767-0, www.relay.de
Sensors
Ingenieurbüro Mencke & Tegtmeyer, Tel. +49 5151 963368, www.ib-mut.de
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11.4 Contact Information
If you have any questions regarding the Sunny Boy Control or technical problems, do
not hesitate to contact our Service Hotline. Be sure to have the following information
at hand.
•
Inverter model
•
Serial number of the Sunny Boy
•
Connected modules
•
Serial number of the Sunny Boy Control
•
Type of communication
Address:
SMA Technologie AG
Hannoversche Straße 1 - 5
34266 Niestetal
Germany
Tel.:+49 561 95 22 - 499
Fax:+49 561 95 22 - 4699
hotline@SMA.de
www.SMA.de
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CE Declaration of Conformity
for Data Logging Equipment
Product:
Type:
Sunny Boy Control
SBCO (Sunny Boy Control),
SBCOLI (Sunny Boy Control Light),
SBCOP (Sunny Boy Control Plus)
We declare that the above specified devices are compliant with the regulations of the European
Community, in terms of the design and the version fabricated by SMA. This especially applies for
the EMC Regulation defined in 89/336/EWG and the low voltage regulation defined in
73/23/EWG.
The devices are compliant with the following standards:
EMC Immunity:
EMC Emission:
Device Safety:
DIN
DIN
DIN
DIN
DIN
EN 61000-6-1: 2001
EN 61000-6-2: 2001
EN 61000-6-3: 2001
EN 61000-6-4: 2001
EN 60950-1: 2003
The above mentioned devices are therefore marked with a CE sign.
Niestetal, 3rd of November 2004
SMA Technologie AG
Peter Drews
SBC--CE-12:BE4504
(Geschäftsführer)
SMA Technologie AG
Hannoversche Straße 1-5
34266 Niestetal
Tel. +49 561 9522 – 0
Fax +49 561 9522 – 100
www.SMA.de
info@SMA.de
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www.SMA.de
Hannoversche Strasse 1–5
34266 Niestetal
Germany
Tel. +49 561 9522 0
Fax +49 561 9522 100
info@SMA.de
SMA Solar Technology China
SMA Spain
Changzhou SMA
International Metro Center,
Rosendahl Técnica Energética, S.L.
Electronics Co., Ltd.
Building A, City Square No. Jia 3,
Decages S.A.
Qianjia Industrial Park, Yaoguan,
Shilipu Road, Changyang District,
Balmes, 297, 1er, 2a
213011 Wujin District, Changzhou,
100025 Beijing, P.R. China
08006 Barcelona, Spain
Jiangsu Province, P.R. China
Tel. +86 10 65 58 78 15
Freecall +800 SUNNYBOY
Tel. +86 519 838 7988
www.SMA-CHINA.com
Freecall +800 78669269
www.WSMA.com.cn
SMA America, Inc.
SMA Italy
SMA Computers
12438 Loma Rica Drive, Unit C
Rosendahl Tecnologie Energetiche S.r.I.
9550 Warner Ave. #250
Grass Valley, CA 95945, USA
Via Lorenzo Valla, 16
Fountain Valley, CA 92708, USA
Tel. +1 530 273 4895
20141 Milano, Italy
Tel. +1 714 593 2338
www.SMA-AMERICA.com
Freecall +800 SUNNYBOY
www.SMAcomputers.com
Freecall +800 78669269